Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Gene-Environment Interaction: The combined effects of genotypes and environmental factors together on phenotypic characteristics.Carcinogens, Environmental: Carcinogenic substances that are found in the environment.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Environmental Illness: A polysymptomatic condition believed by clinical ecologists to result from immune dysregulation induced by common foods, allergens, and chemicals, resulting in various physical and mental disorders. The medical community has remained largely skeptical of the existence of this "disease", given the plethora of symptoms attributed to environmental illness, the lack of reproducible laboratory abnormalities, and the use of unproven therapies to treat the condition. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene: An organochlorine pesticide, it is the ethylene metabolite of DDT.Cadmium: An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Maternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Epidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Zeolites: Zeolites. A group of crystalline, hydrated alkali-aluminum silicates. They occur naturally in sedimentary and volcanic rocks, altered basalts, ores, and clay deposits. Some 40 known zeolite minerals and a great number of synthetic zeolites are available commercially. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Endocrine Disruptors: Exogenous agents, synthetic and naturally occurring, which are capable of disrupting the functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM including the maintenance of HOMEOSTASIS and the regulation of developmental processes. Endocrine disruptors are compounds that can mimic HORMONES, or enhance or block the binding of hormones to their receptors, or otherwise lead to activating or inhibiting the endocrine signaling pathways and hormone metabolism.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)New Orleans: City in Orleans Parish (county), largest city in state of LOUISIANA. It is located between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Cadmium Poisoning: Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Great Lakes Region: The geographic area of the Great Lakes in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. It usually includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.Sorbic Acid: Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Epigenesis, Genetic: A genetic process by which the adult organism is realized via mechanisms that lead to the restriction in the possible fates of cells, eventually leading to their differentiated state. Mechanisms involved cause heritable changes to cells without changes to DNA sequence such as DNA METHYLATION; HISTONE modification; DNA REPLICATION TIMING; NUCLEOSOME positioning; and heterochromatization which result in selective gene expression or repression.Disease Susceptibility: A constitution or condition of the body which makes the tissues react in special ways to certain extrinsic stimuli and thus tends to make the individual more than usually susceptible to certain diseases.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Epigenomics: The systematic study of the global gene expression changes due to EPIGENETIC PROCESSES and not due to DNA base sequence changes.Body Burden: The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.Allergens: Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Asbestos, Amphibole: A class of asbestos that includes silicates of magnesium, iron, calcium, and sodium. The fibers are generally brittle and cannot be spun, but are more resistant to chemicals and heat than ASBESTOS, SERPENTINE. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Hypersensitivity: Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: An acquired disorder characterized by recurrent symptoms, referable to multiple organ systems, occurring in response to demonstrable exposure to many chemically unrelated compounds at doses below those established in the general population to cause harmful effects. (Cullen MR. The worker with multiple chemical sensitivities: an overview. Occup Med 1987;2(4):655-61)Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated: Hydrocarbon compounds with one or more of the hydrogens replaced by CHLORINE.Respiratory Tract DiseasesLead PoisoningUnited StatesMesothelioma: A tumor derived from mesothelial tissue (peritoneum, pleura, pericardium). It appears as broad sheets of cells, with some regions containing spindle-shaped, sarcoma-like cells and other regions showing adenomatous patterns. Pleural mesotheliomas have been linked to exposure to asbestos. (Dorland, 27th ed)Toxicology: The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.Sick Building Syndrome: A group of symptoms that are two- to three-fold more common in those who work in large, energy-efficient buildings, associated with an increased frequency of headaches, lethargy, and dry skin. Clinical manifestations include hypersensitivity pneumonitis (ALVEOLITIS, EXTRINSIC ALLERGIC); allergic rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL); ASTHMA; infections, skin eruptions, and mucous membrane irritation syndromes. Current usage tends to be less restrictive with regard to the type of building and delineation of complaints. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.DNA Adducts: The products of chemical reactions that result in the addition of extraneous chemical groups to DNA.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Cedrus: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. It is the source of cedarwood oil. Cedar ordinarily refers to this but also forms part of the name of plants in other genera.Chlorpyrifos: An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.Respiratory Sounds: Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Vehicle Emissions: Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Food, Preserved: Food that has been prepared and stored in a way to prevent spoilage.Benzhydryl Compounds: Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Dioxins: Chlorinated hydrocarbons containing heteroatoms that are present as contaminants of herbicides. Dioxins are carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic. They have been banned from use by the FDA.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Asbestos: Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Asbestosis: A form of pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers which elicit potent inflammatory responses in the parenchyma of the lung. The disease is characterized by interstitial fibrosis of the lung, varying from scattered sites to extensive scarring of the alveolar interstitium.Preventive Medicine: A medical specialty primarily concerned with prevention of disease (PRIMARY PREVENTION) and the promotion and preservation of health in the individual.Coal: A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.Pleural DiseasesParticulate Matter: Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.DNA Methylation: Addition of methyl groups to DNA. DNA methyltransferases (DNA methylases) perform this reaction using S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE as the methyl group donor.Cockroaches: Insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, BLATTELLIDAE, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach PERIPLANETA americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.Pyrenes: A group of condensed ring hydrocarbons.Epidemiologic Research Design: The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.Metallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Xenobiotics: Chemical substances that are foreign to the biological system. They include naturally occurring compounds, drugs, environmental agents, carcinogens, insecticides, etc.Polycyclic Compounds: Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Arsenic Poisoning: Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)Nitrogen Dioxide: Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Pfiesteria piscicida: A dinoflagellate with a life cycle that includes numerous flagellated, amoeboid, and encysted stages. Both the flagellated and amoeboid forms produce toxins which cause open wounds on fish. Pfiesteria piscicida feeds on tissue sloughed from these wounds, as well as on bacteria and algae. It is found in Atlantic estuaries of the United States.BelgiumAgriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Hazardous Waste: Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.Phthalic Acids: A group of compounds that has the general structure of a dicarboxylic acid-substituted benzene ring. The ortho-isomer is used in dye manufacture. (Dorland, 28th ed)WisconsinResidence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Carcinogens: Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.New YorkCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Fungicides, Industrial: Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.MiningFloridaMolecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.PolandIncidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.Pleural Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the thin serous membrane that envelopes the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity. Pleural neoplasms are exceedingly rare and are usually not diagnosed until they are advanced because in the early stages they produce no symptoms.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Mercury: A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Ozone: The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).SmokePrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective: Defective nuclei produced during the TELOPHASE of MITOSIS or MEIOSIS by lagging CHROMOSOMES or chromosome fragments derived from spontaneous or experimentally induced chromosomal structural changes.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Organic Chemicals: A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1: A liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase capable of biotransforming xenobiotics such as polycyclic hydrocarbons and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons into carcinogenic or mutagenic compounds. They have been found in mammals and fish. This enzyme, encoded by CYP1A1 gene, can be measured by using ethoxyresorufin as a substrate for the ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Eczema: A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Neurotoxicity Syndromes: Neurologic disorders caused by exposure to toxic substances through ingestion, injection, cutaneous application, or other method. This includes conditions caused by biologic, chemical, and pharmaceutical agents.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Egypt: A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Disease: A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin: A chemical by-product that results from burning or incinerating chlorinated industrial chemicals and other hydrocarbons. This compound is considered an environmental toxin, and may pose reproductive, as well as, other health risks for animals and humans.BostonSpectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.North CarolinaAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Endocrine System: The system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system. In addition to the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, included are the CHROMAFFIN SYSTEM and the NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEMS.Micronucleus Tests: Induction and quantitative measurement of chromosomal damage leading to the formation of micronuclei (MICRONUCLEI, CHROMOSOME-DEFECTIVE) in cells which have been exposed to genotoxic agents or IONIZING RADIATION.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Respiration Disorders: Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Volatilization: A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Cities: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Fluorocarbons: Liquid perfluorinated carbon compounds which may or may not contain a hetero atom such as nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, but do not contain another halogen or hydrogen atom. This concept includes fluorocarbon emulsions and fluorocarbon blood substitutes.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Glutathione Transferase: A transferase that catalyzes the addition of aliphatic, aromatic, or heterocyclic FREE RADICALS as well as EPOXIDES and arene oxides to GLUTATHIONE. Addition takes place at the SULFUR. It also catalyzes the reduction of polyol nitrate by glutathione to polyol and nitrite.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Sample Size: The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)Hypersensitivity, Immediate: Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Cotinine: The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of acetyl groups from ACETYL-COA to arylamines. It can also catalyze acetyl transfer between arylamines without COENZYME A and has a wide specificity for aromatic amines, including SEROTONIN. However, arylamine N-acetyltransferase should not be confused with the enzyme ARYLALKYLAMINE N-ACETYLTRANSFERASE which is also referred to as SEROTONIN ACETYLTRANSFERASE.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.TurkeyTwins, Monozygotic: Two off-spring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from a single fertilized OVUM that split into two EMBRYOS. Such twins are usually genetically identical and of the same sex.Twins, Dizygotic: Two offspring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from two OVA, fertilized at about the same time by two SPERMATOZOA. Such twins are genetically distinct and can be of different sexes.Quebec: A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Silicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin: Any of a group of malignant tumors of lymphoid tissue that differ from HODGKIN DISEASE, being more heterogeneous with respect to malignant cell lineage, clinical course, prognosis, and therapy. The only common feature among these tumors is the absence of giant REED-STERNBERG CELLS, a characteristic of Hodgkin's disease.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.MichiganReproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.ItalyChild Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Health status of Persian Gulf War veterans: self-reported symptoms, environmental exposures and the effect of stress. (1/8052)BACKGROUND: Most US troops returned home from the Persian Gulf War (PGW) by Spring 1991 and many began reporting increased health symptoms and medical problems soon after. This investigation examines the relationships between several Gulf-service environmental exposures and health symptom reporting, and the role of traumatic psychological stress on the exposure-health symptom relationships. METHODS: Stratified, random samples of two cohorts of PGW veterans, from the New England area (n = 220) and from the New Orleans area (n = 71), were selected from larger cohorts being followed longitudinally since arrival home from the Gulf. A group of PGW-era veterans deployed to Germany (n = 50) served as a comparison group. The study protocol included questionnaires, a neuropsychological test battery, an environmental interview, and psychological diagnostic interviews. This report focuses on self-reported health symptoms and exposures of participants who completed a 52-item health symptom checklist and a checklist of environmental exposures. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported symptoms was greater in both Persian Gulf-deployed cohorts compared to the Germany cohort. Analyses of the body-system symptom scores (BSS), weighted to account for sampling design, and adjusted by age, sex, and education, indicated that Persian Gulf-deployed veterans were more likely to report neurological, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiac, dermatological, musculoskeletal, psychological and neuropsychological system symptoms than Germany veterans. Using a priori hypotheses about the toxicant effects of exposure to specific toxicants, the relationships between self-reported exposures and body-system symptom groupings were examined through multiple regression analyses, controlling for war-zone exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Self-reported exposures to pesticides, debris from Scuds, chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents, and smoke from tent heaters each were significantly related to increased reporting of specific predicted BSS groupings. CONCLUSIONS: Veterans deployed to the Persian Gulf have higher self-reported prevalence of health symptoms compared to PGW veterans who were deployed only as far as Germany. Several Gulf-service environmental exposures are associated with increased health symptom reporting involving predicted body-systems, after adjusting for war-zone stressor exposures and PTSD. (+info)
Lead exposure in the lead-acid storage battery manufacturing and PVC compounding industries. (2/8052)This study was conducted as part of the Human Exposure Assessment Location (HEAL) Project which comes under the United Nations Environment Programme/World Health Organisation (UNEP/WHO) Global environmental Monitoring System (GEMS). The objective of the study was to evaluate workers' exposure to lead in industries with the highest exposure. All subjects were interviewed about their occupational and smoking histories, the use of personal protective equipment and personal hygiene. The contribution of a dietary source of lead intake from specified foods known to contain lead locally and personal air sampling for lead were assessed. A total of 61 workers from two PVC compounding and 50 workers from two lead acid battery manufacturing plants were studied together with 111 matched controls. In the PVC compounding plants the mean lead-in-air level was 0.0357 mg/m3, with the highest levels occurring during the pouring and mixing operations. This was lower than the mean lead-in-air level of 0.0886 mg/m3 in the lead battery manufacturing plants where the highest exposure was in the loading of lead ingots into milling machines. Workers in lead battery manufacturing had significantly higher mean blood lead than the PVC workers (means, 32.51 and 23.91 mcg/100 ml respectively), but there was poor correlation with lead-in-air levels. Among the lead workers, the Malays had significantly higher blood lead levels than the Chinese (mean blood levels were 33.03 and 25.35 mcg/100 ml respectively) although there was no significant difference between the two ethnic groups in the control group. There were no significant differences between the exposed and control group in terms of dietary intake of specified local foods known to contain lead. However, Malays consumed significantly more fish than the Chinese did. There were no ethnic differences in the hours of overtime work, number of years of exposure, usage of gloves and respirators and smoking habits. Among the Malays, 94.3% eat with their hands compared with 9.2% of the Chinese. Workers who ate with bare hands at least once a week had higher blood lead levels after adjusting for lead-in-air levels (mean blood lead was 30.2 and 26.4 mcg/100 ml respectively). The study indicated that the higher blood lead levels observed in the Malay workers might have been due to their higher exposure and eating with bare hands. (+info)
Mercury toxicity due to the smelting of placer gold recovered by mercury amalgam. (3/8052)A 19-year-old man developed tremor in both hands and fatigue after starting work at a placer gold mine where he was exposed to mercury-gold amalgam. Examination revealed an intention tremor, dysdiadochokinesis and mild rigidity. The 24-h urinary mercury concentration reached a peak of 715 nmol/l (143 ug/l) shortly before the clinical examination, after which he was removed from working in the gold room [Mercury No. Adverse Effect Level: 250 nmol/l (50 ug/l)]. On review 7 weeks later his tremor had almost resolved and the dysdiadochokinesis and rigidity had gone. The 24-h urinary mercury concentration had fallen to 160 nmol/l (32 ug/l). The principal exposure to mercury was considered to be the smelting of retorted gold with previously unrecognized residual mercury in it. The peak air concentration of mercury vapour during gold smelting was 0.533 mg/m3 (Mercury Vapour ACGIH TLV: 0.05 mg/m3 TWA). Several engineering and procedural controls were instituted. This episode occurred at another mine site, unrelated to Mount Isa Mines Limited. (+info)
A toxicokinetic model to assess the risk of azinphosmethyl exposure in humans through measures of urinary elimination of alkylphosphates. (4/8052)Azinphosmethyl (APM) is one of the most common insecticides used in fruit farming. The object of this paper is to develop a quick and practical test for assessing the risk for humans coming into contact with APM. It has been shown that the principal component of occupational and/or accidental exposure is through the skin (C. A. Franklin et al., 1981, J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 7, 715-731), but our approach is applicable to exposures via any route or a combination of routes. The method proposed in the present paper can accommodate a single-event exposure or repeated exposures over long periods. Urinary alkylphosphate (AP) metabolites are reliable bioindicators of the presence of APM in the body; they are easily accessible and can be used to estimate APM body burden. We developed a simple toxicokinetic model to link the time varying APM body burden to absorbed doses and to rates of elimination in the form of AP urinary metabolites. Using this model and data available in the literature, we are able to propose a "no observed adverse effect level" (NOAEL) for APM body levels and for corresponding absorbed doses. We have established that after a single exposure, the safe limit corresponding to the NOAEL is reached at a cumulative 0.215 mumoles AP/kg bw eliminated in urine in the first 24 hours following the beginning of exposure. For repeated daily exposures at steady state, the corresponding urinary AP metabolite level is equal to a cumulative 0.266 mumoles AP/kg bw eliminated per 24 hours. (+info)
Evaluation of passive smoking by measuring urinary trans, trans-muconic acid and exhaled carbon monoxide levels. (5/8052)No method has yet been established to evaluate the exposure to tobacco smoke in passive smoking (PS). We therefore conducted a study on the possibility that the levels of urinary trans, trans-muconic acid (MA) and the exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) could be indices of the passive exposure to tobacco smoke. The moderate correlation was observed between urinary MA levels and the number of consumed cigarettes per day in smokers. The mean urinary MA level of the PS (+) group was significantly higher than that with the PS (-) group. Among the PS (+) group, the mean MA level in the urine obtained in the afternoon was higher than that obtained in the morning. A high correlation was observed between the exhaled CO levels and the number of consumed cigarettes per day in smokers. Like the urinary MA level, the mean exhaled CO level in the PS (+) group, too, gave a significantly higher level than in the PS (-) group. Because the biological half life of MA (7.5 +/- 0.85 h) was longer than that of CO (3.0 +/- 0.36 h), the measurement of urinary MA level is recommended for evaluating the exposure of passive smoking. The measurement of exhaled CO levels is useful only for chain smokers and nonsmokers with PS just before measurement. (+info)
Developmental pathways: Sonic hedgehog-Patched-GLI. (6/8052)Developmental pathways are networks of genes that act coordinately to establish the body plan. Disruptions of genes in one pathway can have effects in related pathways and may result in serious dysmorphogenesis or cancer. Environmental exposures can be associated with poor pregnancy outcomes, including dysmorphic offspring or children with a variety of diseases. An important goal of environmental science should be reduction of these poor outcomes. This will require an understanding of the genes affected by specific exposures and the consequence of alterations in these genes or their products, which in turn will require an understanding of the pathways critical in development. The ligand Sonic hedgehog, the receptors Patched and Smoothened, and the GLI family of transcription factors represent one such pathway. This pathway illustrates several operating principles important in the consideration of developmental consequences of environmental exposures to toxins. (+info)
Exposure to indoor background radiation and urinary concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative DNA damage. (7/8052)We investigated whether exposure to indoor [gamma]-radiation and radon might be associated with enough free radical formation to increase urinary concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a sensitive marker of DNA damage, due to a hydroxyl radical attack at the C8 of guanine. Indoor radon and [gamma]-radiation levels were measured in 32 dwellings for 6 months by solid-state nuclear track detectors and thermoluminescent dosimeters, respectively. Urine samples for 8-OHdG determinations were obtained from 63 healthy adult subjects living in the measured dwellings. An overall tendency toward increasing levels of 8-OHdG with increasing levels of radon and [gamma]-radiation was seen in the females, presumably due to their estimated longer occupancy in the dwellings measured. Different models were considered for females, with the steepest slopes obtained for [gamma]-radiation with a coefficient of 0.500 (log nmol/l of 8-OHdG for each unit increase of [gamma]-radiation on a log scale) (p<0.01), and increasing to 0.632 (p = 0.035), but with larger variance, when radon was included in the model. In conclusion, there seems to be an effect of indoor radioactivity on the urinary excretion of 8-OHdG for females, who are estimated to have a higher occupancy in the dwellings measured than for males, for whom occupational and other agents may also influence 8-OHdG excretion. ree radicals; [gamma]-radiation; radon. (+info)
A simulation study of confounding in generalized linear models for air pollution epidemiology. (8/8052)Confounding between the model covariates and causal variables (which may or may not be included as model covariates) is a well-known problem in regression models used in air pollution epidemiology. This problem is usually acknowledged but hardly ever investigated, especially in the context of generalized linear models. Using synthetic data sets, the present study shows how model overfit, underfit, and misfit in the presence of correlated causal variables in a Poisson regression model affect the estimated coefficients of the covariates and their confidence levels. The study also shows how this effect changes with the ranges of the covariates and the sample size. There is qualitative agreement between these study results and the corresponding expressions in the large-sample limit for the ordinary linear models. Confounding of covariates in an overfitted model (with covariates encompassing more than just the causal variables) does not bias the estimated coefficients but reduces their significance. The effect of model underfit (with some causal variables excluded as covariates) or misfit (with covariates encompassing only noncausal variables), on the other hand, leads to not only erroneous estimated coefficients, but a misguided confidence, represented by large t-values, that the estimated coefficients are significant. The results of this study indicate that models which use only one or two air quality variables, such as particulate matter [less than and equal to] 10 microm and sulfur dioxide, are probably unreliable, and that models containing several correlated and toxic or potentially toxic air quality variables should also be investigated in order to minimize the situation of model underfit or misfit. (+info)
Environmental Studies | University of New England in Maine, Tangier and Online
The department offers majors in environmental science and environmental studies. Both build upon a sound foundation in basic science, and both provide broad explorations of human interaction with the environment.. During the first two years, course requirements are nearly identical. The difference between the two majors emerges during the final two years in course selection: environmental science emphasizes scientific aspects of environmental questions, while environmental studies emphasizes humanistic, social, and political aspects.. During the first year, both majors take courses in Environmental Issues, Biology, Literature, Nature & the Environment (or appropriate substitute), and Economics in Context (or appropriate substitute). This two-semester program, called the Green Learning Community (GLC), provides an interdisciplinary framework to explore fundamental themes of environmental studies. Moreover, it develops academic, social and affective skills necessary for successful college learning ...
School-Based Study of Complex Environmental Exposures and Related Health Effects in Children Part A - Exposure| Research...
Children, Exposure, Risk Assessment, Comparative Risk Assessment, Cumulative Risk Assessment, Chemical Mixtures, Indoor Air Pollution, Exposure Assessment, Volatile Organic Chemicals, Environmental Tobacco Smoke, PAHs, Metals, Pesticides,, RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, air toxics, Environmental Chemistry, pesticides, Epidemiology, Chemistry, VOCs, Risk Assessments, Susceptibility/Sensitive Population/Genetic Susceptibility, Childrens Health, indoor air, genetic susceptability, school based study, pesticide exposure, cumulative risk, sensitive populations, multiple acute exposures, exposure and effects, adolescents, multiple acute exposure, indoor exposure, health risks, measuring childhood exposure, exposure, chemical mixtures, Human Health Risk Assessment, air pollution, children, PAH, assessment of exposure, human exposure, minorities, cigarette smoke, environmental toxicant, environmental stressors, exposure pathways, harmful environmental agents, toxic environmental ...
Environmental Studies B.A.Requirements · Stonehill College
Program Director:Susan Mooney Office: Shields Science Center 104 Phone: [email protected] Students completing the Environmental Studies major with success will be well-equipped for entry level work in the non-profit, commercial and government sectors in the non-technical aspects of environmental work (education, outreach, advocacy, organizing, etc). Such students will also be prepared to undertake a Masters degree in Environmental Studies, policy or planning - the industry standard for environmental policy work in all three sectors of the economy (government, non-profits, and commerce).. Those completing this major along with preparation for an elementary or early-childhood teaching career will find themselves well-equipped to better prepare future generations for scientific literacy and a sustainable future. In addition, science backgrounds such as the one this major provides are valued by school districts yet remain rare among applicants for such teaching ...
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Sustainability: Environmental Studies and Public Health
This special issue Sustainability: Environmental Studies and Public Health is part of the internationally leading International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. I was invited to be the guest editor, and to oversee the refereeing process and subsequent selection of timely, relevant and high quality papers highlighting particularly novel aspects concerned with sustainability issues in environmental studies. [...]
The Effects of Surface Condition and Long-Term Environmental Exposure on the Bond Between Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymers and...
Bridge engineers in Virginia are increasingly looking for innovative, yet cost-effective ways of repairing and maintaining the existing bridge inventory with sufficient capacity to carry legal loads. One option for deteriorated steel members is to use carbon fiber- reinforced polymers (CFRP). This research project will investigate whether the use of CFRP retrofits is feasible and cost effective based on several parameters, including the degree of base metal degradation and environmental exposure (e.g. moisture, chlorides). The environmental variables will be examined in both an accelerated laboratory test and in-situ field exposure to determine the accuracy of current accelerated testing. There will also be an economic analysis comparing this strengthening approach to other methods. The research will serve as a body of knowledge to help guide bridge engineers on when and where the use of CFRP retrofits is suitable for the strengthening steel bridges.. ...
Public scoping meeting for the Logan Canyon environmental study :: Highway 89 Digital Collection
ORIGINAL PUBLIC SCOPING MEETING LOGAN CANYON ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY City Hall 145 West Center Garden City, Utah Presiding: Todd Weston State Highway Commissioner Utah Department of Transportation Conducting: Stanton S. Nuffer Project Manager CH2M HILL INDEX 2 Statement by Mr. Otto Mattson 3 3 Statement by Mr. Ken Brown 3 4 Statement by Mr. Dee Johnson 6 5 Statement by Mr. Barry Negus 7 6 Statement by Mr. Val Peterson 8 7 Statement by Mr. Bryce Nielson 10 8 Statement by Mr. Ted Seeholtzer 13 9 Statement by Mr. Bryce Stringham 19 10 Statement by Mr. John Flannery 20 11 Statement by Mr. George Preston 23 12 Statement by Mr. Russ Currel 25 13 Statement by Mr. OWen Wahlstrom 26 14 Statement by Mr. Paul Webb 27 15 Statement by Mr. Bill Peterson 28 16 Statement by Ms. Cathy Webb 29 17 Statement by Mr. Ray Elliott 32 18 Statement by Mr. Lynn Hillsman 35 19 Statement by Mr. Don Huffner 36 20 Statement by Mr. Todd Weston of UDOT 38 21 Statement by Mr. Jess Anderson 42 22 Statement by Mr. Howard Richardson 43 ...
Daisuke Goto ｜Atmosphere｜National Institute for Environmental Studies
I was born in Aichi, Japan. In 2004, I graduated in Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Japan (Prof. Nobuaki Washida). In 2009, I graduated in Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, Japan (Prof. Terry Nakajima). After getting my Ph.D, I become a post doctorial researcher in Center for Climate System Research (CCSR; now Atmospheric and Ocean Research Institute), The University of Tokyo, Japan (Prof. Terry Nakajima). From 2012 to 2016, I am a researcher in Center for Regional Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan. From 2016, I am a senior researcher in the same center and institute ...
Barbara R. Lyon (Bowdoin - Faculty & Academic Staff)
The principles of ecology emphasizing the hard- and soft-bottom communities of Casco Bay and Harpswell Sound. Field trips and field exercises demonstrate the quantitative principles of marine ecological research, including good practices in sampling designs and field experiments. A class field project designs and implements a long-term study, based at the Bowdoin Marine Laboratory, to monitor and detect changes in community structure driven by climate change in the twenty-first century. Assumes a basic knowledge of biological statistics. Taught in residence at the Bowdoin Marine Laboratory, Biology 2232/Environmental Studies 2232 is a course-module in the Bowdoin Marine Science Semester. Biology 2501 (same as Environmental Studies 2231), Biology 2330 (same as Environmental Studies 2233), and History 2129 (same as Environmental Studies 2449) are co-requisites of this course.. ...
Macomb County Community college environmental studies
Specializations - Environmental Studies - Undergraduate Degrees - College of Arts and Sciences - Seattle University
Environmental Studies Majors who specialize in Urban Sustainability or Politics, Policy and Justice are uniquely situated to complete a double major in EVST and Public Affairs. Students can complete this double major in a normal four year course of study. Please meet with your academic advisor to discuss your academic course plan and the requirements for completion of the PUBA_EVST 4 YEAR TYPICAL PROGRAM OF STUDY. ...
2019/20 Seminar Series | School of Environmental Studies
The goals of the Queens School of Environmental Studies (SES) seminar series are to: (a) encourage conversations regarding sustainability and environmental issues from a multidisciplinary perspective and (b) to encourage collaborations and foster a sense of community among SES faculty, students, and staff. All are welcome to attend.. Seminars take place on Thursdays from 2:30 to 3:30 pm in Biosciences 1120 (unless otherwise indicated below). If you wish to host a speaker or give a seminar this coming term, please contact Dr. Diane Orihel ([email protected]).. Instructions for hosting or delivering a seminar - click here. ...
Online Environmental Studies Degree Programs Online Certificate Degree Information
Applied Multivariate Analysis in SAR and Environmental Studies: Edited By: J Devillers and W Karcher | NHBS Book Shop
Cal State San Marcos environmental studies
ENV 201A : Fundamentals of Environmental Studies - Princeton
MSc Sustainability & Environmental Studies | University of Strathclyde
Environmental Exposures in Child Care Facilities Study | CERCH
Little is known about what chemical and environmental exposures they may be receiving in these settings. Focusing on childrens health and environmental exposures in child care facilities is critical for many reasons:. 1.) Children are more vulnerable to environmental exposures than adults because they breathe more air, eat more food, and drink more water per unit of body weight compared to adults. Because they exhibit exploratory behaviors that place them in direct contact with contaminated surfaces, they are more likely to be exposed to any contaminants present. They are also less developed immunologically, physiologically, and neurologically and therefore may be more susceptible to the adverse effects of chemicals and toxins.. 2.) Children also spend a great deal of time in child care settings. Many infants and young children spend as many as 50 hours a week, in child care. Nationally, 13 million children, or 65% of all U.S. children, spend some portion of the day in child care and in ...
Supplemental Guidance for Assessing Susceptibility from Early-Life Exposure to Carcinogens | Risk Assessment | US EPA
The practice of risk assessment with respect to accounting for early-life exposures to toxicants continues to develop, and specific components of this Supplemental Guidance may become outdated or may otherwise require modification in individual settings. It is EPAs intent to use, to the extent practicable and consistent with Agency statutes and regulations, the best available science in its risk assessments and regulatory actions and this Supplemental Guidance is not intended to provide any substantive or procedural obstacle in achieving that goal.. Therefore, the Supplemental Guidance has no binding effect on EPA or on any regulated entity. Where EPA does use the approaches in the Supplemental Guidance in developing risk assessments, it will be because EPA has decided in the context of that risk assessment that the approaches from the Supplemental Guidance are suitable and appropriate. This judgment will be tested through peer review, and the risk assessment will be modified to use different ...
Research Project Journal Publication Details | School-Based Study of Complex Environmental Exposures and Related Health Effects...
Sexton K, Greaves IA, Church TR, Adgate JL, Ramachandran G, Tweedie RL, Fredrickson A, Geisser M, Sikorski M, Fischer G, Jones D, Ellringer P. A school-based strategy to assess childrens environmental exposures and related health effects in economically disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 2000;10(6 Pt. 2):682-694 ...
Environmental Cause Blamed For Illnesses - tribunedigital-thecourant
The Infant Development and the Environmental Study (TIDES) - Shanna Swan
KAKEN - Research Projects | Evaluation of potential health effects by lead exposure using the benchmark dose analysislea ...
The business of consciousness | The College of Liberal and Professional Studies (LPS)
One Penn alumnus helps a global manufacturer commit to improving its footprint. "I get excited and geek out when I get to report on and tout the good work that my corporation is doing," shares Sara Drexler (Master of Environmental Studies 14), FMC Corporations Sustainability Analyst. In her role, Sara reports on FMCs environmental metrics as well as product innovation and business practice sustainability. "Were a multinational manufacturer in the agricultural, health, nutrition and energy markets-so we are accountable to many types of stakeholders around the world.". What started as an internship during her studies at Penn transformed into a full-time career in corporate sustainability. "What drew me to the Master of Environmental Studies (MES) program was its focus on a pragmatic education.". The flexibility of the MES degree allowed Sara to tailor her coursework around her professional development, "In my first year I knew I wanted to be in the business world, so I made sure that I took ...
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies - Keyword heavy metal
NIES collection MICROBIAL CULTURE COLLECTION | National Institute for Environmental Studies
NIES collection MICROBIAL CULTURE COLLECTION | National Institute for Environmental Studies
Shinohara, A., Imai, A., Komatsu, K., Matsushige, K., Nara, F. 2008 Application of HPLC-PAD to highly sensitive analysis of dissolved carbohydrates and theit composition in lake water and extracellular organic matter derived from algae. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 31, 447-454 (in Japanese with English summary ...
Environment & Sustainability: Research Methods in Environmental Studies - Routledge
Edited by Henry Jarrett. The Nation Looks at its Resources records the key points of the Mid-Century Conference on Resources for the Future held in Washington in 1953. Originally published in 1954, this report reveals the concern felt by those attending the conference about the mounting pressure on our resources from the…. Paperback - 2017-04-03 ...
Environmental Studies • Southwestern University
Pirate Bikes provide a quick and sustainable means for students, faculty, and staff to get from one place to another. Members of our campus community may pick up a Pirate Bike outside of their residence hall, academic building (or anywhere else they find them) free of charge, for their own use. They may ride to their next location and leave it unlocked for the next person. ...
SUGATA Seiji | National Institute for Environmental Studies
The Arava Institute for Environmental Studies | Download KTSP RPP SILABUS Berkarakter Untuk SD/MI, SMP/SLTP/Mts, SMA/SLTA/MA,...
Environmental Studies Minor
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies - Topic Water monitoring
Environmental Monitoring Plan
The effects of maternal smoking on early mucosal immunity and sensitization at 12 months of age.
Talk about your troubles
Until I drove home from work on Wednesday to see , would you believe, an enormous cell phone tower looming dead-ahead at the end of our cul-de-sac. The cell tower was just erected on the school property of an elementary school that adjoins our small community. We residents were given zero notice that this was in the works and it was erected over the summer when parents of the elementary students had little-to-no input either. Its just a huge eyesore that will negatively impact our property values and ability to sell & not to mention any possible health effects. Our neighbor is organizing an effort to fight it, but who knows if we can do anything about it now that its already up. We have learned that several other elementary schools in our county were able to shoot this down so it really seems shady how it just appeared all of a sudden with no warning ...
Saúde Pública - Environmental exposures and gene regulation in disease etiology Environmental exposures and gene regulation in...
Over the last 20 years, endocrine disruption research has shown how chemicals in our environment can profoundly affect development, growth, maturation, and reproduction by mimicking hormones or interacting with hormone receptors. One important mechanism of endocrine disruption is altered gene expression, mediated by inappropriate activation or deactivation of receptors that act as transcription factors.. Yet, receptor-mediated changes in gene expression are just the tip of the iceberg. There are many more mechanisms of gene regulation that are potentially susceptible to alteration by environmental influences. The effect of environmental contaminants on health is a major concern because exposure is associated with a number of diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and infertility.. The purpose of this review is to identify points of gene expression regulation, occurring along the process described by the central dogma (DNA . RNA . protein), that have been shown to be affected by environmental ...
Bisphenol A environmental exposure and the detrimental effects on human metabolic health: is it necessary to revise the risk...
Read "Bisphenol A environmental exposure and the detrimental effects on human metabolic health: is it necessary to revise the risk assessment in vulnerable population?, Journal of Endocrinological Investigation" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Evaluation the number of cases of mortality and hospitalization due to cardiovascular disease and Chronic Obstructive...
Background & objectives: Ozone is one of the most important gaseous pollutants in the air, which is necessary to be evaluated in the case of its harmful effects on human health. The present study was performed to assess the rate of mortality and hospitalization due to cardiovascular disease and Chronic ...
Outdoor Formaldehyde and NO2 Exposures and Markers of Genotoxicity in Children Living Near Chipboard Industries
BACKGROUND: Industrial air pollution is a public health hazard. Previous evidence documented increased respiratory symptoms and hospitalizations in children who live near the factories in the largest chipboard manufacturing district in Italy (Viadana).OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of outdoor exposure to formaldehyde and NO2 with markers of early genotoxic damage in oral mucosa cells of randomly selected children (6-12 years) living in Viadana.METHODS: In 2010-2011, DNA strand breaks and nuclear abnormalities were evaluated in exfoliated buccal cells by the comet and micronucleus assays, respectively, and formaldehyde and NO2 were monitored by passive sampling. Annual exposure estimates to pollutants were assigned to childrens houses by spatial interpolation.RESULTS: 413 out of 656 (63%) children participated. Children living near (,2 km) the chipboard industries had the highest average exposure to formaldehyde and NO2 (p,0.001). A 1-standard deviation (SD) increase in formaldehyde ...
Environmental Studies Academic Requirements | Catalogue | Colby College
The Environmental Studies Program offers interdisciplinary majors in environmental policy, environmental science, and environmental studies-interdisciplinary computation as well as a minor that can be elected by majors in any discipline. The Environmental Studies Program at Colby was founded in 1971 and has received national recognition for developing an innovative, project-based curriculum and for challenging students to engage hands-on with environmental issues at Colby, in Maine, and around the world. Our students and faculty are active locally, nationally, and internationally in studying and helping to solve diverse environmental challenges. The program encourages and supports student environmental initiatives and activism. Colby was one of the first colleges in the nation to achieve carbon neutrality and uses 100-percent renewable source electricity. Colby also seeks LEED silver certification of all new construction and major renovations and uses sustainably harvested wood biomass instead ...
Environmental Studies Faculty - Enviromental Studies
Director, Environmental Studies. Professor of Environmental Studies & History. PhD, History, University of Wisconsin Madison, 2004. website. c.v.. Sage Hall 3451. 424-3235. [email protected] ES 101: Seminar on Environmental Issues. ES 102: Introduction to Sustainability. ES 320: Campus Sustainability. ES/History 326: U.S. Environmental History. ES/History 335: Nuclear America. ES/History 345: History of American Wilderness. ES/History 355: Global Environmental History. ES 490: Senior Seminar. ...
Influence of geocoding quality on environmental exposure assessment of children living near high traffic roads | BMC Public...
Advances in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), statistical methodology and availability of high-resolution georeferenced health and environmental data have created unprecedented opportunities for spatial epidemiology to investigate local geographic variation in disease . GIS has become widely used to locate the study population by geocoding addresses, using proximity analysis of pollution sources as a surrogate for exposure, and integrating environmental monitoring data into the analysis of health outcomes . As the capabilities of GIS have improved, address geocoding has become a very accessible research methodology and as a result the individual address is becoming a standard level of spatial investigation. Geocoding results are often used to determine the population or sub-population of which the study subjects are a part (for example, using census enumeration units) or to determine the relationship to other factors which vary spatially (such as air quality, distance to pollution ...
MEDLINE - Resultado p gina 1
The obstetrics-gynecology community has issued a call to action to prevent toxic environmental chemical exposures and their threats to healthy human reproduction. Recent committee opinions recognize that vulnerable and underserved women may be impacted disproportionately by environmental chemical exposures and recommend that reproductive health professionals champion policies that secure environmental justice. Beauty product use is an understudied source of environmental chemical exposures. Beauty products can include reproductive and developmental toxicants such as phthalates and heavy metals; however, disclosure requirements are limited and inconsistent. Compared with white women, women of color have higher levels of beauty product-related environmental chemicals in their bodies, independent of socioeconomic status. Even small exposures to toxic chemicals during critical periods of development (such as pregnancy) can trigger adverse health consequences (such as impacts on fertility and ...
Federal guidance released for human health risk assessments - GHD
Human Health Risk Assessment | Agriculture and Food | SGS Japan
Human Health Risk Assessment | Life Sciences | SGS UK
Creating a living legacy: 200 trees for 200 years - School for Resource and Environmental Studies - Dalhousie University
On June 9, a group of 50 Dalhousie students, alumni, faculty and staff and their friends and families grabbed shovels, pickaxes and seedlings and spread out across Dalhousies Halifax campuses to create a legacy that will survive long after theyve left. The group kicked off the planting of 200 trees to celebrate Dalhousies 200th anniversary this year.. The project was led by urban forest expert Peter Duinker from the School for Resource and Environmental Studies, who partnered with the Halifax Regional Municipality, Dalhousie Facilities Management and the Dalhousie Office of Sustainability. Considering the future. Students for generations to come will be able to take advantage of the resulting learning groves: active learning environments where classes can practice identifying native species and observe associations between them. We want to use these plantings as living laboratories where students and others can learn about the Acadian forest of Nova Scotia without leaving the campus, says ...
Human Health Risk Assessment | Sustainability | SGS
Internship Supervisor Evaluation | Environmental Studies Program
This evaluation form is for Internship Supervisors to fill out about their intern from the Environmental Studies Program. For the questions asking you to rate your interns performance, please use a scale of 1-4 (1-lacking, 2-needs improvement, 3-good, 4-excellent). Please Mark 0 when the question does not apply.
Master - Human Health Risk Assessment - 2 years - Radboud University
Human Health Risk Assessment
Can Early Life Exposure to Pollutants Predispose for Disease | Office of News & Media Relations | UMass Amherst
AMHERST, Mass. - Some studies indicate that early life exposure to pollutants such as PCBs and phthalates can predispose people to disease. Now environmental scientist Alicia Timme-Laragy at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has received a five-year, $1.7 million grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences for a multi-level study of early life exposure to environmental contaminants and aberrant pancreas development, which may predispose one to diabetes.. Disease may result from environmental contaminant exposure in early life via oxidative stress, disrupted signaling pathways controlling embryo growth, or via subtle structural or functional changes to insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells, she notes. Results of this work will be relevant to public health officials concerned about such exposures as well as molecular biologists studying signaling pathways to gain a mechanistic understanding of disease processes very early in life.. The researchers will study toxic ...
Questions Remain Unanswered Regarding Potential Health Effects Related to Smart Grid Technologies | Smart Grid Awareness
by K.T. Weaver, SkyVision Solutions In June and July of 2011, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) hosted two separate workshops related to the possible health effects associated with radiofrequency (RF) emissions from smart grid technologies. In December 2011, EPRI published a report summarizing the results and findings from those workshops . The first workshop…
Environmental Health Perspectives - Creating National Air Pollution Models for Population Exposure Assessment in Canada
We created national pollutant models from fixed-site monitoring data that incorporate satellite, geographic, and deterministic components and demonstrated that these models can improve exposure assessment over large geographic areas compared with approaches based solely on interpolation of fixed-site monitoring data. We also demonstrated how these models can be used for population exposure assessment.. The national LUR models explained 73% of pollution variation in NAPS measurements for NO2, and lesser degrees for PM2.5 (46%), benzene (62%), ethylbenzene (67%), and 1,3-butadiene (68%). The NO2 and PM2.5 models were least sensitive to monitor selection, whereas models for VOCs were more sensitive-likely because of the smaller number of monitors on which LUR estimates were based (n = 53). The predictive performance of the PM2.5 model [R2 = 0.46, root mean square error (RMSE) = 1.53 µg/m3] was consistent with other large-scale modeling studies based on different monitoring methodologies and data ...
Required for the Major in Environmental Studies: The environmental studies major is composed of course work in four areas: (1) a set of core courses to be completed by the end of the junior year, (2) an in-depth focus, (3) cognate courses that supplement the breadth gained in the core courses, and (4) the senior-level seminar.. Except for transfer students, the core courses must be taken at Middlebury College. A maximum of three courses taken off campus may be credited toward completion of the major. The students advisor must approve all such off-campus courses.. Joint Majors: Students may pursue a joint major with environmental studies and other majors. The other major usually overlaps the students focus. Those who focus in architecture and the environment, conservation biology, environmental chemistry, environmental geology, geography, or human ecology automatically qualify as joint majors. Students in other foci should consult with the director about joint majors. Due to the ...
Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology - Domestic airborne black carbon and exhaled nitric oxide in...
International Society for Environmental Epidemiology and International Society of Exposure Science - Asia Chapter Conference ...
click to get PDF). On behalf of the ISEE-ISES AC2016 Sapporo organizing committees, it is great pleasure to welcome you to the 5th ISEE Asia Chapter and the first joint symposium of ISEE and ISES, Asia chapter. The program theme is "Environment, Health, and Sustainable Society" and will be held in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan on June 26-29th, 2016.. The program features a wide variety of sessions highlighting multidisciplinary approaches to measuring and addressing environmental health impacts. The environmental hazards vary in different regions and races in Asian countries. Climate change, outdoor and indoor air pollution, traditional environmental hazards as unsafe water, contaminated food and myriad of toxic chemicals, tobacco smoke are still major threats globally. Persistent organic compounds and radiation are the common environmental as the effects of trans-boundary transportation of the pollutants and unsustainable consumption. The conference will provide a great opportunity to present, ...
03/29/2005: EPA Issues 'Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment' and Supplemental Guidance on Risks From Early-Life Exposure
The additional Supplemental Guidance describes possible approaches that EPA could use in assessing cancer risks exposures to children from 0 to 16 years of age. This marks the first time that Supplemental Guidance specifically related to children has been issued. It includes a review of existing scientific literature on chemical effects in animals and humans. The Supplemental Guidance also summarizes the results of the cancer studies that investigated early-life exposure, EPAs analysis of those studies, and analysis to strengthen the scientific basis for adjusting from studies conducted in adults to children. This document is consistent with the National Research Councils 1994 recommendation that EPA assess risks to infants and children whenever it appears that their risks might be greater than those of adults. ...
National Children s Health Study - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Patterns of illness among children in the United States and other industrially developed nations have changed substantially during the past 100 years. Before and during the first half of the previous century, infectious diseases were the primary threat to children s health. In contrast, the major illnesses and disorders that impair health, growth, and development today are chronic conditions stemming from the complex interaction of environmental exposures and inherent genetic factors. The Children s Health Act of 2000 directed the National Institute of Child Health and Development to conduct a national longitudinal study of environmental influences on children s health in the United States. The act specified that the study extend from the prenatal period to adulthood and investigate the short-term and long-term influences of physical, chemical, biological, and psychosocial environmental exposures on children s health and development, including behavioral, emotional, and educational outcomes in ...
National Children s Health Study - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Patterns of illness among children in the United States and other industrially developed nations have changed substantially during the past 100 years. Before and during the first half of the previous century, infectious diseases were the primary threat to children s health. In contrast, the major illnesses and disorders that impair health, growth, and development today are chronic conditions stemming from the complex interaction of environmental exposures and inherent genetic factors. The Children s Health Act of 2000 directed the National Institute of Child Health and Development to conduct a national longitudinal study of environmental influences on children s health in the United States. The act specified that the study extend from the prenatal period to adulthood and investigate the short-term and long-term influences of physical, chemical, biological, and psychosocial environmental exposures on children s health and development, including behavioral, emotional, and educational outcomes in ...
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Spatiotemporal Interpolation Methods for the Application of Estimating Population Exposure to Fine...
Appropriate spatiotemporal interpolation is critical to the assessment of relationships between environmental exposures and health outcomes. A powerful assessment of human exposure to environmental agents would incorporate spatial and temporal dimensions simultaneously. This paper compares shape function (SF)-based and inverse distance weighting (IDW)-based spatiotemporal interpolation methods on a data set of PM2.5 data in the contiguous U.S. Particle pollution, also known as particulate matter (PM), is composed of microscopic solids or liquid droplets that are so small that they can get deep into the lungs and cause serious health problems. PM2.5 refers to particles with a mean aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 2.5 micrometers. Based on the error statistics results of k-fold cross validation, the SF-based method performed better overall than the IDW-based method. The interpolation results generated by the SF-based method are combined with population data to estimate the population exposure to
NC DPH: Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology: Environmental Health Data Inventory
How Trees Prevent Air Pollution
Human Placental Morphology, Function, and Pathology: Relationship to Environmental Exposures and Newborn and Child Health -...
Air dispersion modelling for individual exposure studies | ...
Research | Ocean Plastics and Marine Pollution
BE.104 Spring Evaluating Environmental Causes of Mesothelioma J. L. Sherley - PDF
Environmental Thoughts - Rochester, NY: Is the Genesee River healthy?
What interesting is that in the subsequent years, no investigative reporting that I know of has done on an in-depth report on the health of the Genesee River? Rarely is there even an article in any local news about the Genesee River. So, what does it mean that the Genesee River does not appear the worst rivers list in American Rivers (www.americanrivers.org)? It does not mean that American Rivers or any other environmental group has come to the Genesee River and conducted a full environmental study. What it does mean that no one has conducted a thorough environmental study on the Genesee River and sent that in to American Rivers. My point: The Genesee River could be very polluted, maybe one of the most toxic polluted rivers in the US. Who, without doing a compressive study, would know? The Genesee River was used as a chemical toilet for decades and few I suspect are drinking the water near our (the Rochester region) end of the river. Without a full testing of all our rivers, we cannot ...
Auto exposure: do immune system diseases have an environmental cause? - Free Online Library
Protecting the Ocean's Wild Places | Dickinson College
Protecting the Oceans Wild Places - Alumni in Action; Facebook: Former environmental studies major Dan Myers 11 blends his interests in environmental policy and science with international relations as the international policy director for the National Geographic Society. Twitter: Former environmental studies major Dan Myers 11 is the international policy director for the National Geographic Society.
Prospective Majors - Environmental Studies - San Francisco State University
BLOOD COMPONENTS. - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
What's New - Department of Environmental Studies - University of Illinois Springfield - UIS
David A. Savitz
Environmental epidemiology. Exposure and disease. Proceedings of an international workshop on priorities in environmental ... These include environmental influences on miscarriage, caffeine and pregnancy outcome, and environmental influences on cancer ... PMID 18709174 Drinking water disinfection by-product exposure and fetal growth. Hoffman CS, Mendola P, Savitz DA, Herring AH, ... ISBN 1-56670-067-1 Steenland K, Savitz DA (editors). Topics in environmental epidemiology. New York, NY: Oxford University ...
Tread compounds include additives to impart wear resistance and traction in addition to environmental resistance. Tread ... Spiegelhalder, B. (September 1983). "Occupational nitrosamine exposure. 1. Rubber and tyre industry". Carcinogenesis. 4: 1147- ... Environmental Science & Technology. 46: 3326-3334. doi:10.1021/es204257d. The Tire Society. ... are non-reinforced extruded profiles with additives to give the sides of the tire good abrasion resistance and environmental ...
Median preoptic nucleus
Environmental cold exposure. Responses to cold are produced by cutaneous cold sensitive pathways through the Parabrachial ... Exposure to cold leads to disinhibition of the RMR and other regions, which leads to brown adipose thermogenesis. This is also ... Thermoregulation includes both responses to infection and to decreased core temperature upon cutaneous exposure to cold, both ... of body temperature during both cold exposure and induced fever by observation that hyperpolarization prior to exposure to ...
Lorber, M. (2008). "Exposure of Americans to polybrominated diphenyl ethers". Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental ... Environmental exposure. Flame retardants manufactured for use in consumer products have been released into environments ... U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2011). Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition (PDF) (Report). p. 5-5. EPA/600/R-090/052F ... Environmental and health issues. The environmental behaviour of flame retardants has been studied since the 1990s. Mainly ...
... environmental exposure to mineral fiber as etiology. Environmental Research, 1985; 38(2): 319-331 Constantopoulos SH, Malamou- ... Occupational and environmental exposure to asbestos. In: Victor L. Roggli, Tim D. Oury and Thomas A. Sporn (Eds). Pathology of ... Assessment of an isolated environmental and domestic asbestos exposure in Metsovo NW Greece: evidence of containment (Submitted ... Crushing the ball released more than 200 fibers/ml of air, when the accepted limits for occupational exposure are lower that ...
Fluoridation by country
ISBN 92-4-156319-2. Environmental occurrence, geochemistry and exposure. p. 5-27. Jones S, Burt BA, Petersen PE, Lennon MA. The ... Handbook of Environmental Engineering 4). doi:10.1007/978-1-59745-029-4_9. ISBN 978-1-59745-029-4. p. 293-315. Guidelines for ... 2014). "Reducing Exposure to High Fluoride Drinking Water in Estonia-A Countrywide Study". International journal of ... The Australian government states that water fluoridation is the most effective means of achieving fluoride exposure that is ...
The severity of the condition is dependent on the dose, duration, and age of the individual during the exposure. The "very mild ... United States Environmental Protection Agency (2010). "Comment-Response Summary Report for the Peer Review of the Fluoride: ... Severe cases can be caused by exposure to water that is naturally fluoridated to levels well above the recommended levels, or ... The severity of dental fluorosis depends on the amount of fluoride exposure, the age of the child, individual response, weight ...
... medication or drug exposures, maternal infections and diseases, and environmental and occupational exposures. Paternal smoking ... It is hypothesized that this may be due to environmental exposures or lifestyle choices. Research has found that there is a ... A low socioeconomic status in a deprived neighborhood may include exposure to "environmental stressors and risk factors." ... Exposure to carbon monoxide or polluted ozone exposure can also lead to cardiac defects of the ventrical septal, pulmonary ...
Agriculture in the United States
Environmental Health Perspectives (Online). 122 (10): 1103. Garcia, Ana M. (2003). "Pesticide Exposure and Women's Health". ... Exposure can also be limited by having workers shower within 15 minutes of returning home at the end of the work day. The ... The exposures can occur via application as well as residues left in the soil and on the crops after application has occurred; ... Exposure to pesticides can also affect fertility; women exposed to pesticides take longer to conceive (men are unaffected). ...
Passchier-Vermeer W, Passchier WF (2000). "Noise exposure and public health". Environmental Health Perspectives. 108 Suppl 1 ( ... Prolonged exposure to loud sound or noise levels can lead to tinnitus. Ear plugs or other measures can help with prevention. ... A frequent cause is noise exposure that damages hair cells in the inner ear. When there does not seem to be a connection with a ... Ototoxic drugs can also cause subjective tinnitus, as they may cause hearing loss, or increase the damage done by exposure to ...
ISBN 92-4-156319-2. Environmental occurrence, geochemistry and exposure. p. 5-27. Jones S, Burt BA, Petersen PE, Lennon MA. The ... Fluoride and environmental health: a review. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol. 2009;8(1):59-79. doi:10.1007/s11157-008-9136-9. "CDC ... Dental fluorosis: exposure, prevention and management [PDF]. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009;14(2):E103-7. PMID 19179949. ... Handbook of Environmental Engineering 4). doi:10.1007/978-1-59745-029-4_9. ISBN 978-1-59745-029-4. p. 293-315. Guidelines for ...
In comparison, typical exposure from naturally occurring background radiation is about 3mSv per year, or 57μSv per week. Lake ... Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 102: 672-680. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.04.003. "Radiological investigations at the " ... "Naturally-occurring "background" radiation exposure". radiologyinfo.org. Retrieved 28 July 2016. ... Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 109: 1-12. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.12.009. " ...
Passchier-Vermeer, W.; Passchier, W.F. (2000). "Noise exposure and public health". Environmental Health Perspectives. 108 (1): ... In the study "Noise exposure and public health," they argue that exposure to continual noise is a public health problem. They ... Gottlieb, Robert (2009). "Where We Live, Work, Play . . . And Eat: Expanding the Environmental Justice Agenda". Environmental ... Environmental Justice and the Green Economy. A Vision Statement and Case Studies for Just and Sustainable Solutions. Rep. ...
Kile ML, Christiani DC (August 2008). "Environmental arsenic exposure and diabetes". JAMA. 300 (7): 845-6. doi:10.1001/jama. ... Arsenic may be measured in blood or urine to monitor excessive environmental or occupational exposure, confirm a diagnosis of ... "The Broad Scope of Health Effects from Chronic Arsenic Exposure: Update on a Worldwide Public Health Problem". Environmental ... important in trying to determine the source of the exposure. Hair is a potential bioindicator for arsenic exposure due to its ...
"Asbestos Exposure". National Cancer Institute, USA. "Environmental Health Guidance Note - Asbestos" (PDF). Queensland Health. ... Generally it required a relatively large exposure over a long period of time. Such levels of exposure typically only occur in ... In the 1930s, E. R. A. Merewether found that greater exposure resulted in greater risk. Asbestosis is the scarring of lung ... Diagnosis is based upon a history of exposure together with medical imaging. It is a type of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis. ...
Díez S (2009). "Human health effects of methylmercury exposure". Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. Reviews of Environmental ... Exposure to high levels of methylmercury, through consumption of fish with high mercury concentrations, is also a known cause ... The death of neurons in the cerebellum as a result of gluten exposure is irreversible. Early diagnosis and treatment with a ...
Gulf War syndrome
Environmental Exposure Report: Pesticides Final Report. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Defense. Krengel, M; ... While low-level exposure to nerve agents has been suggested as the cause of GWS, the 2008 RAC (Research Advisory Committee on ... Taken before exposure to nerve agents, PB was thought to increase the efficiency of nerve agent antidotes. PB had been used ... The oil and smoke that spewed for months from hundreds of burning oil wells presented another exposure hazard not previously ...
Alavanja, Michael C.R. (2009-01-01). "Pesticides Use and Exposure Extensive Worldwide". Reviews on environmental health. 24 (4 ... D., Flocks, Joan (2012-01-01). "The Environmental and Social Injustice of Farmworker Pesticide Exposure". "Farmworker Health ... Although crop workers may risk exposure to pesticides, exposure can be minimal if appropriate safety precautions are followed. ... Many environmental groups have since come out to condemn the choice of the EPA to reject the pesticide ban. The coalition has ...
... scientists have concluded that no safe threshold for lead exposure exists. The major source of lead exposure during the 20th ... Changes were not uniform across the country, even while increasingly stringent Environmental Protection Agency rules went into ... Evidence that lead exposure contributes to lower intelligence quotient (IQ) scores goes back to a seminal 1979 study in Nature ... Medical analysis of the role of lead exposure in the brain note increases in impulsive actions and social aggression as well as ...
Nevin, Rick (July 2007). "Understanding international crime trends: The legacy of preschool lead exposure". Environmental ... has published papers in the journal Environmental Research claiming to demonstrate a link between environmental lead exposure ... "Riehl World View: Lead Poisoning And Crime". Nevin, Rick (May 2000). "How Lead Exposure Relates to Temporal Changes in IQ, ... Vedantam, Shankar (July 8, 2007). "Research Links Lead Exposure, Criminal Activity". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-07-13. ...
Toxic heavy metal
Cadmium exposure is a phenomenon of the early 20th century, and onwards. In Japan in 1910, the Mitsui Mining and Smelting ... Csuros M (1997). Environmental Sampling and Analysis Lab Manual. Lewis. ISBN 1566701783. Davidson PW, Myers GJ, Weiss B (2004 ... Qu, C; Ma, Z; Yang, J; Lie, Y; Bi, J; Huang, L (2014). "Human Exposure Pathways of Heavy Metal in a Lead-Zinc Mining Area". In ... Broadly, long-term exposure to toxic heavy metals can have carcinogenic, central and peripheral nervous system and circulatory ...
Exposure to pyridine would normally lead to its inhalation and absorption in the lungs and gastrointestinal tract, where it ... "Environmental and health criteria for paraquat and diquat". Geneva: World Health Organization. 1984. Sherman, A. R. (2004). " ... Available data indicate that "exposure to pyridine in drinking-water led to reduction of sperm motility at all dose levels in ... National Occupational Exposure Survey 1981-83. Cincinnati, OH: Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, ...
Exposure Factors Handbook: 2011 Edition (PDF). National Center for Environmental Assessment. September 2011. Archived (PDF) ... One potential indirect exposure route is through the consumption of contaminated drinking waters. To address these concerns, ... In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets standards for tap and public water systems under the Safe ... Physical exercise and heat exposure cause loss of water and therefore may induce thirst and greater water intake. Physically ...
National Center for Health Statistics
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Quality Tools for Schools Program helps schools to maintain a healthy environment and reduce exposures to indoor environmental ... Environmental Justice Coalition (EJC). "Environmental Justice act of 2009." Environmental Justice Coalition, 2008. EJ Coalition ... The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental ... Environmental justice. The EPA has been criticized for its lack of progress towards environmental justice. Administrator ...
Exley, C. (2013). "Human exposure to aluminium". Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. 15 (10): 1807-1816. doi:10.1039/ ... Rosseland, B.O.; Eldhuset, T.D.; Staurnes, M. (1990). "Environmental effects of aluminium". Environmental Geochemistry and ... Dietary exposure in Europeans averages to 0.2-1.5 mg/kg/week but can be as high as 2.3 mg/kg/week. Higher exposure levels ... "The Environmental Literacy Council. Retrieved 29 July 2018.. *^ Chen, Jennifer K.; Thyssen, Jacob P. (2018). Metal Allergy: ...
Environmental factorsEdit. Environmental factors refer for example to maternal smoking and the maternal exposure to amine- ... Several research groups have found evidence that these environmental factors are responsible for an increase in the risk of ... Olshan AF, Faustman EM (December 1989). "Nitrosatable drug exposure during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcome". ... as well as environmental, hormonal and genetical factors. ... "Maternal exposure to prescription and non-prescription ...
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
"Pace Environmental Law Review. 6 (2): 623. Retrieved 12 March 2012.. *^ a b c Toth, Stephen. "Federal Pesticide Laws and ... from the exposure to the residue whether directly from the consumption of such food or from other non-occupational sources.[ ... It is administered and regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the appropriate environmental ... Congress enacted major revisions to FIFRA in 1972 with the Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act (FEPCA). The 1947 law ...
Group 3 element
"Environmental Chemistry.com. Retrieved 2011-05-18.. *^ a b Barbalace, Kenneth. "Periodic Table of Elements Sorted by Boiling ... This can cause lung embolisms, especially during long-term exposure. The element is known to damage cell membranes of water ... "Environmental Chemistry.com. Retrieved 2007-04-14.. *^ "WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements". Webelements.com. Retrieved ... "Environmental Chemistry.com. Retrieved 2011-05-18.. *^ Fournier, Jean-Marc (1976). "Bonding and the electronic structure of the ...
Positron emission tomography
"Chapter 9 Occupational Exposure to Radiation]" (PDF). Radiation, People and the Environment. IAEA. pp. 39-42. Archived from the ... A Vital Legacy: Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age, U.S. Department of Energy, The Office of Biological ... April 2005). "Radiation exposure of patients undergoing whole-body dual-modality 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations". J. Nucl. Med. 46 ... For PET-CT scanning, the radiation exposure may be substantial-around 23-26 mSv (for a 70 kg person-dose is likely to be higher ...
a b Croner S (1992). "Prediction and detection of allergy development: influence of genetic and environmental factors". J. ... dependence - an adaptive state associated with a withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of repeated exposure to a stimulus (e.g., ... An associative process may contribute to addiction, for environmental stimuli associated with drug taking may increase craving ... sensitization - an amplified response to a stimulus resulting from repeated exposure to it ...
Leaves need to support their own mass and align themselves in such a way as to optimize their exposure to the sun, generally ... Plants respond and adapt to environmental factors, such as light and mechanical stress from wind. ... The internal organization of most kinds of leaves has evolved to maximize exposure of the photosynthetic organelles, the ... However, horizontal alignment maximizes exposure to bending forces and failure from stresses such as wind, snow, hail, falling ...
"Risk of Exposure". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 12 October 2014. Archived from the original on 16 October ... Jones RM, Brosseau LM (May 2015). "Aerosol transmission of infectious disease". Journal of Occupational and Environmental ... The length of time between exposure to the virus and the development of symptoms (incubation period) is between two and 21 days ... Endothelial cells may be infected within three days after exposure to the virus. The breakdown of endothelial cells leading ...
Exposure of the pre-Bötzinger complex to these inhibitory neurotransmitters results in the rhythmic nature associated with ... Two key features of the pre-BötC are its stability and its ability to adapt to changing environmental and behavioral conditions ... The suppression of muscarinic receptors and the activation of nicotinic receptors due to prenatal exposure to nicotine have ...
Dunning and Kruger tested the hypotheses of the cognitive bias of illusory superiority on undergraduate students of introductory courses in psychology by examining the students' self-assessments of their intellectual skills in logical reasoning (inductive, deductive, abductive), English grammar, and personal sense of humor. After learning their self-assessment scores, the students were asked to estimate their ranks in the psychology class. The competent students underestimated their class rank, and the incompetent students overestimated theirs, but the incompetent students did not estimate their class rank as higher than the ranks estimated by the competent group. Across four studies, the research indicated that the study participants who scored in the bottom quartile on tests of their sense of humor, knowledge of grammar, and logical reasoning overestimated their test performance and their abilities; despite test scores that placed them in the 12th percentile, the participants estimated they ...
Temperature and heat exposure. The temperature and heat levels of the body are directly correlated with the temporary ... Sensory overload usually occurs with environmental stimuli and not noise induced by listening to music. ... Chen C-J, Dai Y-T, Sun Y-M, Lin Y-C, Juang Y-J. Evaluation of Auditory Fatigue in Combined Noise, Heat and Workload Exposure. ... Hamernik, R. P., & Ahroon, W. A. (1998). Interrupted noise exposures: Threshold shift dynamics and permanent effects. [Article ...
Environmental Health & Public Safety (North Carolina State University). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011.. ... This led to four deaths and serious injuries from radiation exposure. Together with caesium-134, iodine-131, and strontium-90, ... Argonne National Laboratory, Environmental Science Division. August 2005. Retrieved 7 February 2012.. ... Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 16 (5): 549-567. doi:10.1080/10934528109375003.. ...
Neurofibromatosis, exposure to vinyl chloride, Epstein-Barr virus, ionizing radiation. ... there are no known environmental factors associated with brain tumors. Mutations and deletions of so-called tumor suppressor ... The cause of most brain tumors is unknown. Uncommon risk factors include inherited neurofibromatosis, exposure to vinyl ... Epidemiological studies are required to determine risk factors. Aside from exposure to vinyl chloride or ionizing radiation ...
Inhalation of tiny particles of infectious material (aerosol) is believed to be the most significant means of exposure. It is ... The high risk areas areas cannot be well defined by any known biogeographical or environmental breaks except for the ... Infection typically occurs by direct or indirect exposure to animal excrement through the respiratory or gastrointestinal ... it will excrete the virus throughout the rest of its lifetime through feces and urine creating ample opportunity for exposure.[ ...
Occupational health psychology
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 39(1), 44-50. *^ a b LaMar W.J., Gerberich, S.G., Lohman, W.H., Zaidman, B ... Occupational exposure limit. *Occupational health psychology. *Occupational injury. *Occupational stress. *Repetitive strain ... Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 63, 683-687. doi:10.1136/oem.2006.026823 *^ Strully, K.W. (2009). Job loss and health ... Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 40(4), 317-324. *^ Islam, S.S., Edla, S.R., Mujuru, P., Doyle, E.J., & ...
Normal olfactory acuity will usually return over time if the cause is environmental, even if it is untreated. The hyperosmic ... ISBN 0-684-85394-9. Henkin, RI (1990-12-05). "Hyperosmia and depression following exposure to toxic vapors". JAMA: the Journal ... There has not been extensive research into environmental causes of hyperosmia, but there are some theories of some possible ... The causes of hyperosmia may be genetic, environmental or the result of benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. When odorants enter ...
World Health Assembly
Devil's Millhopper Geological State Park
Exposure for even a short time is enough for a potential mosquito bite. Long-sleeved clothing, long pants, and socks are useful ... The first mention of the disease by the name "yellow fever" occurred in 1744. McNeill argues that the environmental and ... Sbrana E, Xiao SY, Guzman H, Ye M, Travassos da Rosa AP, Tesh RB (2004). "Efficacy of post-exposure treatment of yellow fever ... The awareness of peak mosquito exposure is from dusk to dawn. The application of larvicides to water-storage containers can ...
Prolonged exposure to ionising radiation, such as x-rays and gamma rays, will also kill most endospores. ... They will germinate within a day or two with the right environmental conditions, and then the vegetative cells, not as hardy as ... once outside the host, sporulation commences upon exposure to the air and the spore forms are essentially the exclusive phase ... When a bacterium detects environmental conditions are becoming unfavourable it may start the process of endosporulation, which ...
Hard disk drive failure
Infant stimulation: This type of intervention uses musical stimulation to compensate for the lack of normal environmental ... the potential for harm from exposure to particular agents, the accuracy of diagnostic tests, and the predictive power of ... Regaining full functioning also confides in the prognosis of recovery, the condition of the client, and the environmental ... "Safe sound exposure in the fetus and preterm infant". Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing. 41 (2): 166-70 ...
Naithani, V; Kakkar, P (2005). "Evaluation of heavy metals in Indian herbal teas". Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and ... "all herbal preparations should be checked for toxic chemical residues to allay consumer fears of exposure to known neuro- ... Archives of Environmental Health. 59 (8): 426-30. doi:10.3200/AEOH.59.8.426-430. PMID 16268119.. ...
US maximum allowed exposure in air (40 h/week) is 1900 mg/m³ for ethanol, 900 mg/m³ for gasoline, and 1260 mg/m³ for methanol. ... Post-accident environmental damage mitigation is facilitated by the fact that low-concentration methanol is biodegradable, of ... However, it is much less volatile than gasoline, and therefore has lower evaporative emissions, producing a lower exposure risk ... While methanol offers somewhat different toxicity exposure pathways, the effective toxicity is no worse than those of benzene ...
Prenatal exposure of BaP to rats is known to affect learning and memory in rodent models. Pregnant rats eating BaP were shown ... Kleiböhmer, W. (2001). "Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Metabolites". Environmental Analysis (Volume 3 of Handbook of ... Lee, BM; Shim, GA (Aug 2007). "Dietary exposure estimation of benzo[a]pyrene and cancer risk assessment". Journal of Toxicology ... In experiments with male rats, sub-chronic exposure to inhaled BaP has been shown to generally reduce the function of testicles ...
The Effects of Surface Condition and Long-Term Environmental Exposure on the Bond Between Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymers and...
... including the degree of base metal degradation and environmental exposure (e.g. moisture, chlorides). The environmental ... The Effects of Surface Condition and Long-Term Environmental Exposure on the Bond Between Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymers and ... variables will be examined in both an accelerated laboratory test and in-situ field exposure to determine the accuracy of ...
Saúde Pública - Environmental exposures and gene regulation in disease etiology Environmental exposures and gene regulation in...
Third National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals. National Center for Environmental Health Publ no 05-0570. ... acquired as a result of pesticide exposure4. Thus, variability in environmental exposure, coupled with genetic events like ... The effect of environmental contaminants on health is a major concern because exposure is associated with a number of diseases ... Environmental exposure, DNA methylation, and gene regula-tion lessons from diethylstilbesterol-induced cancers. In: Epigenetics ...
Tag Archives: environmental exposures. February 16, 2013. by Guest Post. 0 comments ... environmental exposures, european studies, finland, france, high strain job, katriina heikkila, low strain job, lung, mika ... according to a new study published on bmj.com Around 90 per cent of cancers are linked to environmental … Continue reading → ...
Environmental Exposures in Child Care Facilities Study | CERCH
The Environmental Exposures in Child Care Facilities study focuses on environmental exposures in child care facilities, ... Environmental exposures, sometimes even in very small quantities over the course of years or decades, can affect our health in ... 1.) Children are more vulnerable to environmental exposures than adults because they breathe more air, eat more food, and drink ... Little is known about what chemical and environmental exposures they may be receiving in these settings. Focusing on childrens ...
Genetic screening and occupational and environmental exposures. - Oxford Big Data Institute
Research examines environmental exposures and increase in type 1 diabe - Hardin Scientific, inc
... with type 1 diabetes that influence its incidence can inform future preventive trials and searches for other environmental risk ... Patients with type 2 diabetes can achieve cardiovascular protection from use of SGLT2 inhibitors Identifying environmental ... Home Industry News Research examines environmental exposures and increase in type 1 diabetes ... 65m investment increases British Patient Capitals exposure to life sciences and health technology 0 Comments ...
Visual Culture - Environmental Health - Chemical Exposure
Chemical Exposure. Following the 1962 publication of Rachel Carsons landmark book Silent Spring, environmental toxicity ... the first Earth Day and the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency set the stage for a plethora of environmental ... The IPCS evaluates the risk to human health and the environment from exposure to chemicals, provides an intergovernmental ... Imperceptible chemicals include a number of environmental contaminants that may get into food from packaging or residues from ...
Environmental Exposures/Toxicants | Breastfeeding | CDC
CDCs Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals Second National Report on Human Exposure to ... populations exposure to environmental chemicals using biomonitoring. Biomonitoring is the assessment of human exposure to ... The Fourth Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals has measured 212 chemicals in peoples blood or urine-75 of ... The National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals provides an ongoing assessment of the U.S. ...
National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals | CDC
It also includes all the summary data from each previous National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals and each ... How-To Guide for visualizing data from the National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals on the Tracking Network ... The Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, 2009, (the Fourth Report, 2009) presents data for 212 ... National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals. ...
Laser exposure | Environmental Health and Safety - McGill University
Laser exposure The principal danger from lasers is to the eye. The primary region of concern for low power visible lasers is ... McGill.CA / Environmental Health and Safety / Research & Lab Safety / Radiation Safety / Non-Ionizing Radiation ... Environmental Health & Safety. 3610 McTavish 4th Floor. Montreal, Quebec H3A 1Y2. Tel.: 514-398-4563. Fax: 514-398-8047. ... Staring into the beam or directing the beam into the eyes can result in eye injury after extended exposure. We note that some ...
Exposure to Toxic Environmental Agents - ACOG
Exposure to Toxic Environmental Agents. ABSTRACT: Reducing exposure to toxic environmental agents is a critical area of ... resulting in higher fetal exposure than maternal exposure (5-7). Prenatal exposure to environmental chemicals is linked to ... Patient exposure to toxic environmental chemicals and other stressors is ubiquitous, and preconception and prenatal exposure to ... Vulnerable Populations and Environmental Disparities. Although exposure to toxic environmental agents is ubiquitous among all ...
ATSDR - Case Studies in Environmental Medicine
... at specific Superfund sites and to help prevent or reduce further exposure and the illnesses that result from such exposures. ... Taking an Exposure History - WB2579. - Go to Course Materials. - Go to Course Registration and Posttest. - Go to Course PDF Cdc ... Environmental Triggers of Asthma - WB2490. - Go to Course Materials. - Go to Course Registration and Posttest. - Go to Course ... Principles of Pediatric Environmental Health. - Go to Course Materials. - Go to Course PDFpdf icon ...
Protecting Kids from Environmental Exposure | ATSDR
Contact the nearest Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit to learn how to protect your child from exposure to health ... Childrens rapid development during the fetal period through early childhood makes them more vulnerable to environmental ... Lets Talk about Environmental Health. Taking an environmental exposure history (asking about potential hazards around you) is ... Many environmental exposures in children and pregnant women can be prevented-and you can learn how. Contact the PEHSU closest ...
Environmental Smoke Exposure | Hypertension
Environmental Smoke Exposure. A Complex Cardiovascular Challenge. Martin Hausberg, Virend K. Somers ... Passive smoking, or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure, is a significant public health concern. It is widespread and ... Argacha et al3 have shown that both tobacco exposure and nontobacco sidestream smoke exposure increase plasma levels of ... In summary, Argacha et al3 provide important and novel insights into the mechanisms of vascular damage by ETS exposure. Passive ...
Waterborne Disease Associated With Environmental Exposures
This summary of waterborne disease outbreaks associated with environmental or undetermined exposure to water highlights the ... Environmental exposures. Undetermined exposures. Legionella, No. (% of total)*. Other etiology†, No. (% of total)*. Total. ... The environmental exposure to water category includes outbreaks not associated with exposure to drinking water systems (i.e., ... Fifteen outbreaks associated with an environmental exposure to water and 12 outbreaks with an undetermined exposure to water ...
exposure standard Downloads | Environmental XPRT
... environmental xprt on the worlds largest environmental portal. View product and services catalogs, brochures, case studies, ... Find and compare a variety of exposure standard downloads , ... Luzchem LED Exposure Panels EXPO-LED Luzchem LED Exposure ... About Environmental XPRT. Environmental XPRT is a global environmental industry marketplace and information resource. Online ... Casella dBadge Personal Sound Exposure Meter - Datasheet dBADGE Designed to make personal noise exposure measurements with ...
exposure assessment Downloads | Environmental XPRT
Find and compare a variety of on the worlds largest environmental portal. View product and services catalogs, brochures, case ... Environmental Exposure Science Symposium 2013 Brochure Regional Perspectives to Integrate Exposure & Exposome Measurement with ... About Environmental XPRT. Environmental XPRT is a global environmental industry marketplace and information resource. Online ... Sector-specific worker exposure descriptions (SWEDs) ? Specific environmental exposure categories (SpERCs). c) How registrants ...
Environmental Exposure Mixtures: Questions and Methods to Address Them | SpringerLink
This Review This review provides a summary of statistical approaches that researchers can use to study environmental exposure ... This review provides a summary of statistical approaches that researchers can use to study environmental exposure mixtures. Two ... Complementing the genome with an "exposome": the outstanding challenge of environmental exposure measurement in molecular ... Complex mixtures Environmental epidemiology Bayesian methods Machine learning This article is part of the Topical Collection on ...
Low-Level Environmental Lead Exposure May Adversely Affect Renal Function
"The effect of current low-level environmental lead exposure is less well known, particularly among children, a population ... January 13, 2010 - Low-level environmental lead exposure may adversely affect renal function, according to results from the ... Cite this: Low-Level Environmental Lead Exposure May Adversely Affect Renal Function - Medscape - Jan 13, 2010. ... current lead level of concern should incorporate the results of this and other recent studies of environmental lead exposure." ...
Population exposure to environmental noise - European Environment Agency
Road traffic is the most widespread source of environmental noise, with more than 100 million people affected by harmful levels ... implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and also the general public ... Noise pollution is a major environmental health problem in Europe. ... Exposure to environmental noise can lead to annoyance, stress reactions, sleep disturbance, poor mental health and well-being, ...
chemical exposure - Social Science Environmental Health Research Institute
Tag: chemical exposure. Research SSEHRI in the News What Do Human Research Subjects Have the Right to Know? s.knutson October 4 ... Social Science Environmental Health Research Institute , Designed by: Theme Freesia , WordPress , © Copyright All right ... Check out the latest news and updates on our researchers and fellow environmental health advocates! ... 2013 No Comments chemical exposureEthics Instituteinformed consentInstitutional Review BoardsPhil Brownpost-Belmont ethics ...
exposure | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
Asbestos exposure and histological subtype of malignant mesothelioma P Franklin, H Alfonso, A Reid, N Olsen, K B Shilkin, F ... 1322 Exposure to static magnetic fields and disturbances of active implantable medical devices R Pääkkönen, L Korpinen ... Inflammation in induced sputum after aluminium oxide exposure: an experimental chamber study LIB Sikkeland, N E Alexis, RC Fry ... 1085 Exposure to hand-arm vibration and risk factors for havs amongst oil workers in the uae MA Ali ...
Environmental Exposures | Health.mil
DoD identifies and validates veterans exposure to CB agents and monitors deployment-related exposure incidents and trends. ... exposures and are responsible for developing DoD deployment occupational and environmental health surveillance, risk assessment ... Topics: Environmental Exposures , Chemical and Biological Exposures Military Occupational Environmental Health and Medical ... Environmental Exposures , Biological Surveillance Tools Health Risk Assessment Burn Pit Exposures Balad Air Base Iraq Report ...
Environmental Exposures | Health.mil
DoD identifies and validates veterans exposure to CB agents and monitors deployment-related exposure incidents and trends. ... exposures and are responsible for developing DoD deployment occupational and environmental health surveillance, risk assessment ... Environmental Exposures, Surveillance Tools, Reserve Health Readiness Program, and more Topics Submenu. * MHS Transformation ... Environmental Exposures. The Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) play distinct roles in ...
exposure assessment | Occupational & Environmental Medicine
646 Exposure to aldehydes among health care workers in a large tertiary hospital in cape town, south africa HH Mwanga, R ... 339 Human biomonitoring for exposure assessment of benzene during short-term maintenance work T Jäger, S Bäcker, C Oberlinner, ... 116 Specific biomarkers for the exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides Thomas Göen, Heike Denghel, Hans Drexler ... Occupational and Environmental Medicine Apr 2018, 75 (Suppl 2) A395-A396; DOI: 10.1136/oemed-2018-ICOHabstracts.1130 ...
Measurement of environmental tobacco smoke exposure among adults with asthma. - PubMed - NCBI
Measurement of environmental tobacco smoke exposure among adults with asthma.. Eisner MD1, Katz PP, Yelin EH, Hammond SK, Blanc ... followed by work exposure (0.03 microg/m(3)), other (outdoor) exposure (0.025 microg/m(3)), and no exposure (0 microg/m(3); p ... Limited evidence suggests that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) may adversely affect adults with asthma. To study ... even with low levels of exposure. This instrument could be a valuable tool for studying the effect of ETS exposure on adult ...
Prenatal and Postnatal Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Children's Health | Articles | Pediatrics
Health Effects of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke: The Report of the California Environmental Protection Agency. ... Childrens exposure to tobacco constituents during fetal development and via environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is ... Survey instruments for measuring exposure to ETS have been developed and validated against environmental measures of exposure. ... Prenatal and Postnatal Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Childrens Health. Joseph R. DiFranza, C. Andrew Aligne, ...
Need More Research on Environmental Chemical Exposure -- A Guest Commentary
... Details 22 August 2005 ... The goal is to track exposure to these chemicals over time and try to determine risk levels for various segments of the ... A recent report from the U.S. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) looked at human exposure to these chemicals. ... The study will follow 100,000 children in the U.S. as they grow to find out how chemical exposure, genetics, physical ...
Genetic Profile, Environmental Exposure, and Their Interaction in Parkinson's Disease
Genetic Profile, Environmental Exposure, and Their Interaction in Parkinsons Disease. Letizia Polito,1 Antonio Greco,2 and ... Association with pesticide exposure?" Journal of Neurology, vol. 256, no. 1, pp. 115-120, 2009. View at Publisher · View at ... S. M. Goldman, P. J. Quinlan, G. W. Ross et al., "Solvent exposures and Parkinson disease risk in twins," Annals of Neurology, ... T. T. Warner and A. H. V. Schapira, "Genetic and environmental factors in the cause of Parkinsons disease," Annals of ...
Environmental monitoring of secondhand smoke exposure | Tobacco Control
Exposure to secondhand smoke. In: Ott WR, Steinenmann AC, Wallace LA , eds. Exposure Analysis. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2007:201- ... Evaluating exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. In: Winegar ED, Keith LH , eds. Sampling and Analysis of Airborne ... Measuring exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in studies of acute health effects. Am J Epidemiol 1993;137:1089-97. ... Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in German restaurants, pubs and discotheques. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2008;18:262- ...
Environmental Health Perspectives - Exposure to TDCPP Appears Widespread
Kellyn S. Betts writes about environmental contaminants, hazards, and technology for solving environmental problems for ... He and other experts say the range is so wide because consumers are still bringing the point sources of exposure home from the ... Tags: Childrens Health, Reproductive Health, Endocrine Disruptors, Trade and Commerce, Exposure Science, Dust, May 2013, Flame ... The fact that dust can be a source of exposure to flame retardants was first revealed by investigations into why compounds ...
Periodic Survey #42 Pediatricians' Practices Regarding Patients' Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)
Periodic Survey #42 Pediatricians Practices Regarding Patients Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS). Article Body ... environmental health concern was lead paint (M=2.2). Similarly, among 11 environmental hazards listed, pediatricians believe ... Principal Findings: About half of pediatricians (51%) ask adolescent patients with asthma about smoking and exposure to ETS in ... Pediatricians in urban inner cities are significantly more likely to inquire about exposure to ETS at every visit than ...
The role of environmental exposure to non-cigarette smoke in lung disease | SpringerLink
Chronic exposure to household indoor smoke and outdoor air pollution is a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality. ... Exposure to other types of air pollutants. Environmental exposure to noxious particles and gases. High levels of air pollution ... The role of environmental exposure to non-cigarette smoke in lung disease. ... In adults, chronic exposure to biomass smoke, ambient air pollution, and opportunistic exposure to fumes and dust are ...
Male Breast Cancer? Yes, and Environmental Exposure is Implicated - Emagazine.com
Numerous studies have attempted to link breast cancers with environmental factors, including electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and ... Male Breast Cancer? Yes, and Environmental Exposure is Implicated From the Editors of E Magazine July 20, 2004. ... E-The Environmental Magazine. A Project of the Washington-based 501(c)3 non-profit. EarthTalk Inc.. ... Stay up-to-date on the latest climate and environmental news and information as well as green living tips by subscribing to our ...
Phys.org - environmental exposure
Engineers explore environmental concerns of nanotechnology. As researchers around the world hasten to employ nanotechnology to ... A breath-takingly simple test for human exposure to potentially toxic substances. The search for a rapid, non-invasive way to ... E. coli bacteria more likely to develop resistance after exposure to low levels of antibiotics. E. coli bacteria exposed to ... Phys.org) -A number of years ago, a paper was published in Environmental Health Perspectives by Maureen Gwinn and Val ...
Differences in the Environmental Exposure Pattern Between Pe... : Epidemiology
... environmental), instead the prevalence of subjects with both occupational and environmental/familial exposure was more than ... Home , January 2011 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 , Differences in the Environmental Exposure Pattern Between Pe... ... Differences in the Environmental Exposure Pattern Between Peritoneal and Pleural Mesothelioma: Data From the Mesothelioma ... Differences in the Environmental Exposure Pattern Between Peritoneal and Pleural Mesothelioma: Data From the Mesothelioma ...
ContaminantsChemicalRisksChildren's healthPrevalenceGeneticFocusesHumanVulnerableRisk FactorsImplicationsChemistryDetermineAssociationsFactorsMechanismsPesticidesDevelopment and ExacerbationPollutionABSTRACTPrevalenceChronicInterplayHuman exposureMetalsPerspectivesPrenatal exposurePrevent exposuresFetalExacerbate asthmaToxinToxicityRiskIndoorSecondhandChildren's environmental healthToxicologyPathwaysAsthmaBiologicalAsbestos Exposure and MesotheliomaAdverse healthGeneticsConclusionsParticulate matter exposureMaternalMeasurementRadiationWidespreadSearchAllergenMethods2016HttpsDiseaseAssessDepartment of Environmental Health SciencesInfants and childrenRespiratoryEpidemiologicExposomePregnant womenChildhoodPracticeSubstancesReproductiveInfectious agentsHealth Sciences
- The effect of environmental contaminants on health is a major concern because exposure is associated with a number of diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and infertility. (scielosp.org)
- protein), that have been shown to be affected by environmental factors, particularly contaminants ( Figure 1 ). (scielosp.org)
- Patients with type 2 diabetes can achieve cardiovascular protection from use of SGLT2 inhibitors Identifying environmental factors associated with type 1 diabetes that influence its incidence can inform future preventive trials and searches for other environmental risk factors. (hardinscientific.com)
- We searched Web of Science and references of relevant publications to understand the diversity of gene regulatory mechanisms affected by environmental exposures with disease implications. (scielosp.org)
- The study concludes that the identification of environmental factors influencing type 1 diabetes risk and increased understanding of the etiology at the individual level, regardless of the ability to explain the changing incidence at the population level, is important because of the implications for prevention. (hardinscientific.com)
- In this paper, researchers reviewed the literature on environmental factors like air pollution, diet, childhood obesity, the duration of breastfeeding, the introduction of cow's milk, infections, and many others that showcase an impact on type 1 diabetes. (hardinscientific.com)
- However, most of the environmental factors reviewed had a relative risk of less than 2. (hardinscientific.com)
- Imperceptible chemicals include a number of environmental contaminants that may get into food from packaging or residues from the use of solvents, veterinary drugs, or pesticides. (nih.gov)
- and postnatal exposure to some pesticides can interfere with all developmental stages of reproductive function in adult females, including puberty, menstruation and ovulation, fertility and fecundity, and menopause. (acog.org)
- The CDC found widespread exposure to pyrethroid pesticides, for example, which have been poorly studied in terms of human health, and phthalates, which are common in plastics and have been linked to reproductive abnormalities. (enn.com)
- The Children's Environmental Exposure Research Study (or CHEERS) was a study conducted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency designed to examine how children may be exposed to pesticides and other chemicals used in U.S. households, such as phthalates, brominated flame retardants, and perfluorinated compounds (PFOS, PFOA, PFNA, and others). (wikipedia.org)
- EPA denies this, contending that because CHEERS would have only examined families who used pesticides prior to the study, CHEERS would not have increased the subject families' exposure to pesticides. (wikipedia.org)
- Numerous studies have attempted to link breast cancers with environmental factors, including electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and chlorinated pesticides. (emagazine.com)
- Frequently patients present to their physicians with questions or concerns about exposures to such substances as lead, air pollutants and pesticides. (cmaj.ca)
- And prenatal exposures to certain pesticides as well as to phthalates have been linked to autistic behaviors in children. (kevinmd.com)
- The review also addresses studies looking at the associations between health outcomes and exposures to POPs, particularly, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins and pesticides, reported in cohort studies while accounting for gender differences. (degruyter.com)
- The book outlines the basic principles of exposure assessment, and examines the current status and research questions in the exposure assessment of occupational and environmental epidemiological studies of allergens, particulate matter, chlorination disinfection by-products, agricultural pesticides and radiofrequencies. (abebooks.com)
- Among those listed as high priority for the years 2015-2019 are multi-walled carbon nanotubes, welding and welding fumes, and occupational exposure to pesticides. (eponline.com)
- The report lists more than 50 recommended agents and exposures, and among those listed as high priority for the upcoming years are bisphenol A, 1-bromopropane, shiftwork, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, welding and welding fumes, and occupational exposure to pesticides. (eponline.com)
Development and Exacerbation2
- These environmental changes result in increased exposure to air and traffic pollution, fungi, infectious agents, tobacco smoke, and other early-life and lifelong risk factors for the development and exacerbation of asthma and allergic diseases. (jci.org)
- This Review highlights epidemiologic and mechanistic evidence linking environmental exposures to the development and exacerbation of allergic airway responses. (jci.org)
- Noise pollution is a major environmental health problem in Europe. (europa.eu)
- Noise from railways and aircraft has a much lower impact in terms of overall population noise exposure, but both remain significant sources of localised noise pollution. (europa.eu)
- Chronic exposure to household indoor smoke and outdoor air pollution is a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality. (springer.com)
- In adults, chronic exposure to biomass smoke, ambient air pollution, and opportunistic exposure to fumes and dust are associated with an increased risk of developing chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer and respiratory infections, including tuberculosis. (springer.com)
- Concerns about the adverse effects of air pollution on children's health and development are important determinants of environmental and public health policies. (who.int)
- The few published worldwide studies all indicate a significant health burden caused by long-term exposure air pollution. (who.int)
- Human exposure to air pollution is a major public health concern. (mdpi.com)
- Recent technologies such as sensors, the Internet of Things (IoT), communications technology, and artificial intelligence enable the accurate evaluation of air pollution exposure for a population in an environmental health context. (mdpi.com)
- In a recent study of school children, air pollution exposure as measured by school monitoring was associated with increased airway inflammation, an association that was more pronounced in atopic children. (nature.com)
- After the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency in 1970, American photography increasingly recast familiar spaces and themes-the natural world, the city, the home, the automobile-in light of growing anxieties around waste, energy use, pollution, and development. (stanford.edu)
- It is a long debate as to whether this environmental pollution may result in additional mesotheliomas," Professor Burdorf says. (survivingmesothelioma.com)
- Because inflammatory responses can be stimulated by numerous environmental exposures such as metals, stress, and air pollution, this study promises to provide valuable insight into a centralized mechanism by which varied genetic and environmental challenges may increase ASD risk. (autismspeaks.org)
- The proportions of cases with occupational or environmental/familial exposures were similar between PEM and PLM cases (50% occupational and 6% environmental), instead the prevalence of subjects with both occupational and environmental/familial exposure was more than doubled among PEM cases (6.4% vs. 2.7%, P = 0.059). (lww.com)
- This article reviews several environmental exposures and suggests whether they contribute to asthma prevalence, asthma exacerbations, or both. (aappublications.org)
- Outdoor air exposures and violence are not likely to cause the increase in asthma prevalence. (aappublications.org)
- Indoor air exposures are more strongly linked to the increase in asthma prevalence. (aappublications.org)
- Whether decreasing these exposures will result in decreases in asthma prevalence and exacerbations is not yet documented. (aappublications.org)
- The purpose of this article is to review the evidence regarding the link between environmental exposures and asthma prevalence and exacerbations. (aappublications.org)
- Differential exposure to combustion by-products and allergens may partially explain the marked disparity in asthma prevalence (3-18 % ) among New York City neighborhoods. (nature.com)
- The CDC has launched an online surveillance tool that will track how environmental exposures might impact chronic health conditions. (redorbit.com)
- Consistent evidence documents associations between wildfire smoke exposure and general respiratory health effects, specifically exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (nih.gov)
- We propose that these environmental irritation syndromes overlap with fibromyalgia/chronic fatigue syndrome (FM/CFS). (epa.gov)
- Chronic long-term exposure to lower-level RFR from wireless antennas is also linked to some of these effects, particularly on the immune system, mental function, sleep interference and on DNA. (buergerwelle.de)
- Environmental exposures interplay with human host factors to promote the development and progression of allergic diseases. (jci.org)
- The interplay of genetic predispositions and environmental exposures is instrumental in shaping the immune system, especially in early life when neonates go from limited environmental exposure in utero to having their skin, lungs, and intestinal tract colonized by fungus and bacteria to form their microbiome. (jci.org)
- On March 2-3, 2015, the Roundtable will host a workshop entitled the Interplay between Environmental Exposures and Obesity. (nationalacademies.org)
- NIEHS research uses state-of-the-art science and technology to investigate the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
- The National Institute of Environmental Health Scienced (NIEHS) Superfund Research Program presents the third session in the Risk e-Learning series, The Interplay Between Environmental Exposures and Infectious Agents. (neha.org)
- Regional Perspectives to Integrate Exposure & Exposome Measurement with Effects on Human Health Environmental exposure science is moving away from a single point bottom-up strategy of measuring one exposure and one effect to a top-down discovery approach. (environmental-expert.com)
- Phys.org) -A number of years ago, a paper was published in Environmental Health Perspectives by Maureen Gwinn and Val Vallyathan that reflected concern about nanoparticles. (phys.org)
- The research was published online on Dec. 21, 2011 in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. (redorbit.com)
- This list has already been accepted by Environmental Health Perspectives , the most highly ranked journal in environmental health, and will be published later this year. (kevinmd.com)
- Environmental Health Perspectives 116(6): 821-825. (harvard.edu)
- Robust scientific evidence has emerged over the past 15 years, demonstrating that preconception and prenatal exposure to toxic environmental agents can have a profound and lasting effect on reproductive health across the life course ( 1-3 ). (acog.org)
- Meanwhile, Ansar Ahmed, a Virginia Tech immunologist, found prenatal exposure to the drug DES (another estrogen-like chemical) caused mice to develop lupus symptoms--but not until later in life. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Using self-reported prenatal exposure resulted in non-differential exposure misclassification of SHS exposures that attenuated the association between SHS exposure and BMI compared with serum cotinine concentrations. (unc.edu)
- Children's exposure to tobacco constituents during fetal development and via environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is perhaps the most ubiquitous and hazardous of children's environmental exposures. (aappublications.org)
- Studies of each of these problems suggest independent effects of both pre- and postnatal exposure for each, with the respiratory risk associated with parental smoking seeming to be greatest during fetal development and the first several years of life. (aappublications.org)
- The underlying mechanisms for what has been termed "developmental programming" have not been definitively established, although reprogramming of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis as a result of poor maternal nutrition and exposure of developing fetal tissues to excess glucocorticoids is thought to underlie developmental programming for some metabolic diseases of both humans and rodents ( 11 ). (pnas.org)
- Efforts to reduce lead in our environment - for example, by banning it as a gasoline additive - took many years to achieve because of industry opposition, but have been very successful in reducing our exposure to this toxin. (enn.com)
- Bisphenol A (BPA) is another popular environmental toxin that practically everybody has accumulated in his or her body, although mostly in very low concentrations not considered to be critical for human health. (bionity.com)
- Just their physical size puts children at greater risk of exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Please define the meaning of "risk" from the perspective of environmental monitoring. (environmental-expert.com)
- The effect of current low-level environmental lead exposure is less well known, particularly among children, a population generally free from kidney disease risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus. (medscape.com)
- 21 Smoking during pregnancy seems to add an additional risk to that associated with postnatal exposure to ETS. (aappublications.org)
- A number of recent studies of male breast cancer suggest risk is associated with excessive estrogen exposure," Donegan reports. (emagazine.com)
- The attributable risk to asbestos exposure (occupational and/or environmental) is somehow different in pleural (PLM) and peritoneal malignant mesothelioma (PEM), with some recent studies suggesting a more limited role of occupational asbestos exposure in the etiology of PEM. (lww.com)
- Our data suggest that asbestos exposure is the main risk factor not only for PLM but also for PEM, and pointed out the importance of mixed occupational and environmental exposure in etiological pathway leading to such a rare but fatal disease, encouraging any efforts to identify unknown sources of exposure in order to ensure public health. (lww.com)
- The emergence of investor-oriented disclosure frameworks, such as the Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) recommendations, and shifting public expectations about how organisations manage natural resources, mean that companies are having to find new ways to combat environmental risk. (maplecroft.com)
- Using our internationally recognised risk indices, we can map global corporate exposure to climate change, natural hazards, water issues and regulatory challenges down to the asset-level. (maplecroft.com)
- Our team of experienced environmental specialists and consultants use these data-driven insights as the basis to deliver expert analysis and develop risk mitigation strategies that enable you to pinpoint your risk exposure, so you can understand where to focus your resources and adopt best practice in disclosure. (maplecroft.com)
- The compound breaks down rapidly when exposed to sunlight, and regulators once thought this attribute greatly reduced its environmental risk. (eurekalert.org)
- In addition to combustible cigarette use, a plethora of new electronic tobacco products, such as electronic cigarettes, "heat-not-burn" devices and "modified risk tobacco products" (MRTP), are now sold with claims to reduce risk from tobacco use or exposure. (trdrp.org)
- Novel and well-established evaluation methods are needed to characterize patterns of exposure and risk in these venues. (trdrp.org)
- The findings from this investigation provide the strongest evidence to date that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in the workplace is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. (nih.gov)
- In fact, the risk of developing thyroid cancer appears 14-times greater in the individuals who have been exposed to low doses of these environmental toxins, according to Dr. Vincenzo Marotta, the lead study author, who is an oncologist from IRCCS National Cancer Institute in Naples, Italy. (endocrineweb.com)
- Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk of asthma, and we believe that our ability to combat the detrimental effects of environmental exposures such as secondhand smoke through antioxidant enzyme defense is very important," Dr. Larkin said. (medindia.net)
- The Occupational Alliance for Risk Science has published documentation for three Workplace Environmental Exposure Levels. (aiha.org)
- To estimate the risk of ischaemic heart disease caused by exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and to explain why the associated excess risk is almost half that of smoking 20 cigarettes per day when the exposure is only about 1% that of smoking. (bmj.com)
- Meta-analysis of all 19 acceptable published studies of risk of ischaemic heart disease in lifelong non-smokers who live with a smoker and in those who live with a non-smoker, five large prospective studies of smoking and ischaemic heart disease, and studies of platelet aggregation and studies of diet according to exposure to tobacco smoke. (bmj.com)
- The relative risk of ischaemic heart disease associated with exposure to environmental tobacco smoke was 1.30 (95% confidence interval 1.22 to 1.38) at age 65. (bmj.com)
- Two separate analyses indicated that non-smokers who live with smokers eat a diet that places them at a 6% higher risk of ischaemic heart disease, so the direct effect of environmental tobacco smoke is to increase risk by 23% (14% to 33%), since 1.30/1.06=1.23. (bmj.com)
- 1 2 3 4 5 It seems implausible that the effect of environmental exposure to tobacco smoke should be so large when the excess risk associated with smoking 20 cigarettes per day is only about 80% at age 65 (the average age of ischaemic heart disease events in the studies). (bmj.com)
- Workers in these industries and people who live or work near areas where these substances are found could be at risk of increased exposure. (webwire.com)
- Environmental exposures may increase a child's risk of developing asthma and also may increase the risk of asthma exacerbations. (aappublications.org)
- Exposure to dust mites and tobacco smoke are risk factors for the development of asthma and may also exacerbate existing asthma. (aappublications.org)
- The Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers invites the public to join a free webinar on autism risk and environmental exposures on Wednesday, August 8, from 1 to 2:30 p.m. (autismspeaks.org)
- Autism Speaks is currently funding Dr. Pessah's research on how environmental exposures may affect autism risk through their effect on the immune system. (autismspeaks.org)
- Autism Speaks continues to fund a wealth of research on environmental risk factors for autism . (autismspeaks.org)
- This exposure determination will include all job classifications with potential exposures and all tasks and procedures in which occupational exposure occurs and that are performed by employees listed in the at-risk job classifications. (yu.edu)
- Environmental asbestos exposure leads to a high risk of MM in Turkey. (mdpi.com)
- Asbestos exposure continues in 379 villages, with 158,068 people still living in high risk areas. (mdpi.com)
- Though aging may be a consistent risk factor in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and PD ,environmental exposure contribute to this due to the earlier loss of neuronal redundancy or damage to critical neuronal systems exacerbated by environmental exposures across the life span. (nih.gov)
- Few studies ( 1-4 ) have examined whether environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure increases the risk of mortality among women with breast cancer, and no studies to date have prospectively examined the impact of postdiagnosis changes in ETS exposure on mortality. (aacrjournals.org)
- The Issue Profiles include links for exposure and risk reduction options and for community and tribal projects. (epa.gov)
- The Exposure and Risk Reduction Options section of the C-FERST Issue Profile contains links to exposure and risk reduction information for a variety of environmental issues. (epa.gov)
- Below the Exposure and Risk Reduction section of the issue profile is the Community and Tribal Projects section where you can find links to information about EPA-supported community and tribal projects that have addressed a variety of environmental issues. (epa.gov)
- This example shows how to find exposure and risk reduction information, and relevant community and tribal projects, for childhood asthma and environmental tobacco smoke. (epa.gov)
- Conclusions: Environmental cadmium exposure may be associated with increased risk of dental caries in deciduous teeth of children. (harvard.edu)
- In summary, by linking electronic registers with biobank samples, this approach will provide a time-efficient and cost-effective means of fulfilling a 2011 Autism Speaks research priority regarding environmental risk factors. (autismspeaks.org)
- The two intend to develop an extensive list of unique cell signatures that correspond with specific pathogenic exposures and disease states that could be quickly and inexpensively accessed by clinicians to diagnose and predict disease risk. (prnewswire.com)
- Translating sustainability into action starts with implementing the right metrics to assess your environmental risk and performance. (eponline.com)
- There is no conclusive scientific evidence on the safety or risk of such exposures, but a growing body of scientific evidence reports such bioeffects and adverse health effects are possible, if not probable. (buergerwelle.de)
- In the USA an estimated 15 million children, accounting for more than 25% of the population in this age group, are currently exposed to household ETS and are at risk for adverse health effects from this exposure. (bmj.com)
- In the closing chapters, the authors place the discussion in a broader social and scientific context, exploring such issues as individual and community risk, environmental engineering for risk reduction, pulmonary medicine, and lessons learned in the industrial sector. (google.it)
- To study the effects of ETS better, we developed a survey instrument to measure ETS exposure in a cohort of adults with asthma living in northern California, where public indoor smoking is limited. (nih.gov)
- Monitoring SHS exposure (SHSe) in indoor environments provides useful information on the extent and consequences of SHSe, implementing and evaluating tobacco control programmes and behavioural interventions, and estimating overall burden of disease caused by SHSe. (bmj.com)
- The professionals at Zimmetry offer environmental compliance, indoor air quality, asbestos, lead-based paint, Phase I ESAs and general environmental consulting services. (webwire.com)
- The complex composition of secondhand smoke (SHS) provides a range of constituents that can be measured in environmental samples (air, dust and on surfaces) and therefore used to assess non-smokers' exposure to tobacco smoke. (bmj.com)
- An impaired ability to handle oxidative stress that arises from exposure to secondhand smoke and other environmental triggers may contribute to the development of asthma, according to results obtained from the Shanghai Women's Health Asthma and Allergy Study. (medindia.net)
- Questionnaire data indicated 96 percent of the women were never-smokers and 44 percent were exposed to secondhand smoke through husbands or workplace exposure. (medindia.net)
- Less is known about the association between prenatal secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure and childhood BMI. (unc.edu)
- In addition, accurate quantification of prenatal secondhand tobacco smoke exposures is essential to obtaining valid estimates. (unc.edu)
Children's environmental health3
- PEHSUs have addressed children's environmental health for over 20 years. (cdc.gov)
- Dr. Pessah also directs the UC Davis Center for Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention. (autismspeaks.org)
- Philip J. Landrigan is Director of the Children's Environmental Health Center, Mount Sinai Medical Center , New York City, NY. (kevinmd.com)
- 8 However, its potential carcinogencity has not been classified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the International Agency for Research on Cancer, or the National Toxicology Program. (nih.gov)
- Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology , 44 , 643-649. (springer.com)
- Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry , 8 , 1103-1123. (springer.com)
- Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry , 4 , 703-710. (springer.com)
- examine toxicology and exposure science of new and emerging tobacco products. (trdrp.org)
- He has organized symposia and workshops and chaired sessions on arsenic exposure and toxicology at international conferences and published over 100 articles. (wiley.com)
- Our body can effectively detoxify most of these substances, but various molecules as well as co-exposures can impact drug efficacy," says Benedikt Warth, deputy head of the Department of Food Chemistry and Toxicology at the Faculty of Chemistry and coordinator of the newly founded national exposome research infrastructure, EIRENE Austria. (bionity.com)
- Still, our ability to prevent allergic diseases is hindered by gaps in understanding of the underlying mechanisms and interaction of environmental, viral, and allergen exposures with immune pathways that impact disease development. (jci.org)
- The workshop will explore the role of chemical exposures in the development of obesity through sessions focused on a life span view, possible biologic pathways and environmental influences, and effects of food additives and antibiotics. (nationalacademies.org)
- Limited evidence suggests that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) may adversely affect adults with asthma. (nih.gov)
- In this validation study, we recruited 50 subjects from an ongoing longitudinal asthma cohort study who had a positive screening question for ETS exposure or potential exposure. (nih.gov)
- A brief, validated survey instrument can be used to assess ETS exposure among adults with asthma, even with low levels of exposure. (nih.gov)
- A large literature links both prenatal maternal smoking and children's ETS exposure to decreased lung growth and increased rates of respiratory tract infections, otitis media, and childhood asthma, with the severity of these problems increasing with increased exposure. (aappublications.org)
- The survey explored the frequency with which pediatricians inquire about smoking and exposure to ETS among adolescent patients with asthma, chart documentation practices regarding all patients' exposure to ETS, and pediatricians' perception of the effect of ETS on the health of their patients as well as their practice community. (aap.org)
- About half of pediatricians (51%) ask adolescent patients with asthma about smoking and exposure to ETS in the home at every visit. (aap.org)
- However, responses vary by practice setting: 75% of pediatricians in group practices document exposure to ETS in patients' charts compared to 69% of pediatricians in solo practices and 65% of those in hospital/clinic settings (p=.05) Presence of adolescent patients with asthma also affects pediatricians' documentation practices. (aap.org)
- We found that the host antioxidant defense system is compromised among those destined to develop asthma, and therefore these individuals may be less able to handle environmental exposures that may cause asthma," said study author Emma Larkin, PhD, research assistant professor at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. (medindia.net)
- Oxidative stress, which is a relative increase of oxidants over antioxidants, is known to be important in many diseases, including asthma," said Dr. Larkin, who is also a member of the Center for Asthma & Environmental Sciences Research at the medical center. (medindia.net)
- Clinicians should be alert for space-time clusters of asthma exacerbations in the community, because these clusters may suggest a modifiable point-source exposure. (aappublications.org)
- It is essential for clinicians to be knowledgeable about environmental precipitants of asthma, because this information may help them to counsel patients and their parents. (aappublications.org)
- As a result, most clinicians have relied on secondary prevention (ie, trying to prevent exacerbations in children with known asthma, in part by decreasing environmental exposures, which cause worsening of symptoms). (aappublications.org)
- The realization that environmental exposures could lead to asthma attacks has its origins in studies of clusters of asthma. (aappublications.org)
- Much of what we now know about the relation between outdoor air exposures and asthma came to light as a result of asthma clusters in communities. (aappublications.org)
- And the compounds persist longer, resulting in 50 percent more biological exposure than anticipated. (eurekalert.org)
- Possible routes of exposure and common sources of potentially toxic biological, physical and chemical substances are identified. (cmaj.ca)
- Maternal and infant exposure to environmental phenols as measured in multiple biological matrices. (biomedsearch.com)
Asbestos Exposure and Mesothelioma1
- CONCLUSIONS: We found widespread exposure among pregnant women and infants to environmental phenols, with large inter-individual variability in exposure to triclosan. (biomedsearch.com)
- CONCLUSIONS In utero exposure to maternal smoking is independently associated with decreased lung function in children of school age, especially for small airway flows. (bmj.com)
Particulate matter exposure1
- The effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on children's birth weight has been recognized since 1957, 1 and the first report concerning the adverse effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on children's health was published in 1967. (aappublications.org)
- 3 A similarly large, although generally newer body of work, clearly links both prenatal maternal smoking and ETS exposure to ear infections, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), behavioral problems, and neurocognitive deficits. (aappublications.org)
- BACKGROUND Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) during childhood and in utero exposure to maternal smoking are associated with adverse effects on lung growth and development. (bmj.com)
- METHODS A study was undertaken of the associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy, exposure to ETS, and pulmonary function in 3357 school children residing in 12 Southern California communities. (bmj.com)
- Current and past exposure to household ETS and exposure to maternal smoking in utero were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire completed by parents of 4th, 7th, and 10th grade students in 1993. (bmj.com)
- RESULTS In utero exposure to maternal smoking was associated with reduced peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) (-3.0%, 95% CI -4.4 to -1.4), mean mid expiratory flow (MMEF) (-4.6%, 95% CI -7.0 to -2.3), and forced expiratory flow (FEF 75 ) (-6.2%, 95% CI -9.1 to -3.1), but not forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1 ). (bmj.com)
- 5-12 Because in utero exposure to maternal smoking and ETS exposure during childhood are highly correlated, both exposures need to be considered in assessing the adverse effects of tobacco smoke on pulmonary function tests. (bmj.com)
- In this study, a pre-operational radiological baseline of the site and the occupational radiation exposures due to radon progeny in the mine were determined. (rsc.org)
- Microwave and Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure: A growing environmental health crisis? (buergerwelle.de)
- The most rapidly growing environmental pollutant in today's environment is probably electromagnetic fields (EMF) including radiofrequency radiation. (buergerwelle.de)
- Public exposure to electromagnetic radiation (radiofrequency and microwave) is growing exponentially worldwide with the introduction and use of cordless phones, cellular phones, pagers and antennas in communities designed to transmit their RF signals. (buergerwelle.de)
- Road traffic is the most widespread source of environmental noise, with more than 100 million people affected by harmful levels in the EEA-33 member countries. (europa.eu)
- In modern times, an increase in chemical production has led to widespread environmental chemical contamination that can affect normal hormone function in those exposed, particularly in vulnerable populations, such as children and pregnant women. (eurekalert.org)
- The study of complex exposure mixtures has prompted development of novel statistical methods. (springer.com)
- The purpose of this FOA is to stimulate research on the role of environmental exposure in neurodegenerative disease (ND) by developing feasibility data for new concepts or by adapting new technologies, tools and methods of use for studies in neurodegenerative diseases. (nih.gov)
- 2016. Critical review of health impacts of wildfire smoke exposure. (nih.gov)
- These are the 2016 edition of Southern Environmental Law Center's Southern Exposure film series. (alabamarivers.org)
- In 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) concluded a 10-year study of ethylene oxide, a. (beasleyallen.com)
- Waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States are associated with a wide variety of water exposures and are reported annually to CDC on a voluntary basis by state and territorial health departments through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS). (medscape.com)
- CDC analyzed data from waterborne disease outbreaks reported to NORS associated with environmental and undetermined exposures to water during 2013-2014. (medscape.com)
- NORS defines a waterborne disease outbreak as the occurrence of a similar illness in two or more persons who are linked by time and location to a common water exposure. (medscape.com)
- Firstly, we conducted a meta-analysis of the studies of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (or passive smoking) and ischaemic heart disease. (bmj.com)
- See Appendix A.) The purpose of this regulation is to limit occupational exposure to blood and other potentially-infectious materials, since any exposure could result in transmission of bloodborne pathogens which could lead to disease or death. (yu.edu)
- Eighty people with exposure to environmental asbestos and without any disease, 46 mesothelioma patients, and a control group of 50 people without exposure to environmental asbestos were enrolled in this prospective study. (hindawi.com)
- The emphasis for this FOA would be especially focused on Alzheimer's (AD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Parkinson's (PD) to stimulate advancement of neurodegenerative research by better establishing the importance of environmental exposure in disease causation in accordance with the goals of the new strategic plan. (nih.gov)
- The Environmental Polymorphisms Registry (EPR) Health and Exposure Survey is designed to gather health, family history of disease, environmental exposures and lifestyle data on adult EPR subjects. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The vision of the NIEHS is to use environmental health sciences to understand human disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
- The seminar series examines the interactions between environmental exposures and infectious agents in the development of disease. (neha.org)
- These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children. (mdibl.org)
- This summer, by sequencing tens of millions of antibody genes per person - more than 100 times more genes than can be sequenced with existing technology - a research team led by Harlan Robins , Ph.D., and Chris Carlson , Ph.D., will track which changes related to environmental exposure are shared by individuals with the same disease. (prnewswire.com)
- Preventing disease through healthy environments, Exposure To Cadmium: A major public health concern WHO. (degruyter.com)
- Further study should assess whether greater lead exposure contributes to the disproportionate burden of CKD in certain racial/ethnic groups," the study authors conclude. (medscape.com)
- We aimed to assess the evidence of health effects from exposure to wildfire smoke and to identify susceptible populations. (nih.gov)
Department of Environmental Health Sciences1
Infants and children2
- We reviewed the scientific literature for studies of wildfire smoke exposure on mortality and on respiratory, cardiovascular, mental, and perinatal health. (nih.gov)
- Consistent evidence from a large number of studies indicates that wildfire smoke exposure is associated with respiratory morbidity with growing evidence supporting an association with all-cause mortality. (nih.gov)
- [ 3 ] Outbreaks involving an undetermined exposure to water could not be definitively linked to a single type of water exposure because of association with multiple suspected or confirmed water types (e.g., both spa and drinking water systems) or because insufficient epidemiologic, laboratory, or environmental evidence was available to identify the exposure. (medscape.com)
- Results of epidemiologic and laboratory investigations are also reported, including the suspected or confirmed etiologic agent, the type of water to which patients were exposed, and the setting of the water exposure. (medscape.com)
- This finding contributes to the increasing epidemiologic evidence indicating an adverse effect of low-level environmental lead exposure. (medscape.com)
- Background: Although animal experiments have shown that cadmium exposure results in severe dental caries, limited epidemiologic data are available on this issue. (harvard.edu)
- Many environmental exposures in children and pregnant women can be prevented-and you can learn how. (cdc.gov)
- Exposures of pregnant women and children to common thyroid-hormone-disrupting toxins may be linked to the increased incidence of brain development disorders, according to a review published in Endocrine Connections . (eurekalert.org)
- Children's rapid development from before they are born through early childhood makes them more vulnerable to environmental exposures. (cdc.gov)
- PEHSUs are committed to protecting children from exposure to harmful substances from the earliest stages of development before birth and throughout childhood. (cdc.gov)
- Children have been identified as a sensitive group for ETS because exposure during childhood can be high and because the period of growth and development may be an especially vulnerable one for its effects. (bmj.com)
- To explore pediatricians' information gathering and documentation practices regarding patients' exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), and perception of the effect of ETS on the health of their patients and practice community. (aap.org)
- Pediatricians rate cigarette smoke as the greatest environmental hazard in their practice community. (aap.org)
- 1.1 This practice covers procedures to be followed for direct exposure of nonmetallic materials to the environment. (astm.org)
- 1.2 For exposures behind glass, refer to Practice G24 . (astm.org)
- 1.4 This practice is technically equivalent to the parts of ISO 877 that describe direct exposures of specimens to the environment. (astm.org)
- Exposure to low levels of cigarette smoke and other volatile substances leads to excessive, local, systemic, and central nervous system symptoms in a minority of the population. (epa.gov)
- EMSL Analytical, Inc. offers comprehensive environmental and industrial hygiene testing services for manganese and other regulated substances. (emsl.com)
- Many environmental factors harmful to reproductive health disproportionately affect vulnerable and underserved populations, which leaves some populations, including underserved women, more vulnerable to adverse reproductive health effects than other populations. (acog.org)
- They also offer professional education to physicians, nurses and nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and others in reproductive and pediatric environmental medicine and within schools of medicine and nursing. (cdc.gov)
- A novel method for calculating potency-weighted cumulative phthalates exposure with implications for identifying racial/ethnic disparities among U.S. reproductive-aged women in NHANES 2001-2012. (springer.com)
- The reproductive tract has been shown to be a target for developmental programming as a result of inappropriate hormone exposure. (pnas.org)
- Animal studies that simulate the human DES experience have since shown that exposure of the developing reproductive tracts of CD-1 mice to DES imparts a permanent estrogen imprint that alters reproductive-tract morphology, induces persistent expression of the lactoferrin and c -fos genes, and induces a high incidence of uterine adenocarcinoma ( 13 - 15 ). (pnas.org)
- Considering that current levels of POPs in women can also impact future generations, informative guidelines related to dietary patterns and exposure history are needed for women of reproductive age. (degruyter.com)
- Exposure to high levels of manganese in air can also cause lung irritation and reproductive effects. (emsl.com)
- The series will highlight researchers from around the country who are doing innovative research to better understand this relationship between environmental exposures, infectious agents, and immune response. (neha.org)
- This session series will focus on interactions between environmental exposures and infectious agents in the lung. (neha.org)
- John Meeker, an associate professor of environmental health sciences at the University of Michigan School of Public Health and lead author of the EHP study, 3 says the high levels of TDCPP documented in the new studies may reflect ongoing and direct exposure. (nih.gov)
- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) jointly fund its programs. (autismspeaks.org)
- The workshop will be held at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in Research Triangle Park, NC, and will be webcast for those who are unable to attend in person. (nationalacademies.org)
- Disorders like lupus, multiple sclerosis (MS) and Type I diabetes are on the rise, says Glinda Cooper, an epidemiologist with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). (thefreelibrary.com)
- NIEHS is committed to conducting the most rigorous research in environmental health sciences, and to communicating the results of this research to the public. (nih.gov)
- NIEHS offers a broad range of job opportunities, career enhancement programs, and research training grants and programs in environmental health sciences and administration. (nih.gov)
- The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is expanding and accelerating its contributions to scientific knowledge of human health and the environment, and to the health and well-being of people everywhere. (nih.gov)