A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in water, sewage, soil, meat, hospital environments, and on the skin and in the intestinal tract of man and animals as a commensal.
Gram-negative gas-producing rods found in feces of humans and other animals, sewage, soil, water, and dairy products.
Infections with bacteria of the family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE.
A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Gram-negative, capsulated, gas-producing rods found widely in nature. Both motile and non-motile strains exist. The species is closely related to KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE and is frequently associated with nosocomial infections
A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.
Enzymes found in many bacteria which catalyze the hydrolysis of the amide bond in the beta-lactam ring. Well known antibiotics destroyed by these enzymes are penicillins and cephalosporins.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
The process by which a DNA molecule is duplicated.
A single-stranded DNA-dependent RNA polymerase that functions to initiate, or prime, DNA synthesis by synthesizing oligoribonucleotide primers. EC 2.7.7.-.
A DNA-dependent DNA polymerase characterized in E. coli and other lower organisms but may be present in higher organisms. Use also for a more complex form of DNA polymerase III designated as DNA polymerase III* or pol III* which is 15 times more active biologically than DNA polymerase I in the synthesis of DNA. This polymerase has both 3'-5' and 5'-3' exonuclease activities, is inhibited by sulfhydryl reagents, and has the same template-primer dependence as pol II. EC 2.7.7.7.
DNA-dependent DNA polymerases found in bacteria, animal and plant cells. During the replication process, these enzymes catalyze the addition of deoxyribonucleotide residues to the end of a DNA strand in the presence of DNA as template-primer. They also possess exonuclease activity and therefore function in DNA repair.
Proteins that catalyze the unwinding of duplex DNA during replication by binding cooperatively to single-stranded regions of DNA or to short regions of duplex DNA that are undergoing transient opening. In addition DNA helicases are DNA-dependent ATPases that harness the free energy of ATP hydrolysis to translocate DNA strands.
Inflammatory responses of the epithelium of the URINARY TRACT to microbial invasions. They are often bacterial infections with associated BACTERIURIA and PYURIA.
The duct which coveys URINE from the pelvis of the KIDNEY through the URETERS, BLADDER, and URETHRA.
Acetic acid derivatives of the heterocyclic compound indole. (Merck Index, 11th ed)
Enzymes that catalyze the addition of a carboxyl group to a compound (carboxylases) or the removal of a carboxyl group from a compound (decarboxylases). EC 4.1.1.
The coenzyme form of Vitamin B1 present in many animal tissues. It is a required intermediate in the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX and the KETOGLUTARATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX.
Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3.
Proteins isolated from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, small, rod-shaped bacteria occurring in fresh water.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Presence of air or gas within the intracranial cavity (e.g., epidural space, subdural space, intracerebral, etc.) which may result from traumatic injuries, fistulous tract formation, erosions of the skull from NEOPLASMS or infection, NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES, and other conditions.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)
Bacterial infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space, frequently involving the cerebral cortex, cranial nerves, cerebral blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots.
Figures or symbols identifying or representing organizations or societies.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Movement of a part of the body for the purpose of communication.
The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.

Structure-function studies of Ser-289 in the class C beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae P99. (1/331)

Site-directed mutagenesis of Ser-289 of the class C beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae P99 was performed to investigate the role of this residue in beta-lactam hydrolysis. This amino acid lies near the active site of the enzyme, where it can interact with the C-3 substituent of cephalosporins. Kinetic analysis of six mutant beta-lactamases with five cephalosporins showed that Ser-289 can be substituted by amino acids with nonpolar or polar uncharged side chains without altering the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme. These data suggest that Ser-289 is not essential in the binding or hydrolytic mechanism of AmpC beta-lactamase. However, replacement by Lys or Arg decreased by two- to threefold the kcat of four of the five beta-lactams tested, particularly cefoperazone, cephaloridine, and cephalothin. Three-dimensional models of the mutant beta-lactamases revealed that the length and positive charge of the side chain of Lys and Arg could create an electrostatic linkage to the C-4 carboxylic acid group of the dihydrothiazine ring of the acyl intermediate which could slow the deacylation step or hinder release of the product.  (+info)

Stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants. (2/331)

AIM: To serially characterise aerobic and anaerobic stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants and to correlate colonisation patterns with clinical risk factors. METHODS: Stool specimens from 29 infants of birthweight <1000 g were collected on days 10, 20, and 30 after birth. Quantitative aerobic and anaerobic cultures were performed. RESULTS: By day 30, predominant species were Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterbacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus haemolyticus. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria spp were identified in only one infant. In breast milk fed (but not in formula fed) infants, the total number of bacterial species/stool specimen increased significantly with time (2.50 (SE 0.34) on day 10; 3.13 (0.38) on day 20; 4.27 (0.45) on day 30) as did quantitative bacterial counts; Gram negative species accounted for most of the increase. On day 30, significant inverse correlations were found between days of previous antibiotic treatment and number of bacterial species (r=0.491) and total organisms/g of stool (r=0.482). Gestational age, birthweight, maternal antibiotic or steroid treatment, prolonged rupture of the membranes, and mode of delivery did not seem to affect colonisation patterns. CONCLUSIONS: The gut of extremely low birthweight infants is colonised by a paucity of bacterial species. Breast milking and reduction of antibiotic exposure are critical to increasing fecal microbial diversity.  (+info)

Role of pfkA and general carbohydrate catabolism in seed colonization by Enterobacter cloacae. (3/331)

Enterobacter cloacae A-11 is a transposon mutant of strain 501R3 that was deficient in cucumber spermosphere colonization and in the utilization of certain carbohydrates (D. P. Roberts, C. J. Sheets, and J. S. Hartung, Can. J. Microbiol. 38:1128-1134, 1992). In vitro growth of strain A-11 was reduced or deficient on most carbohydrates that supported growth of strain 501R3 but was unaffected on fructose, glycerol, and all amino acids and organic acids tested. Colonization by strain A-11 was significantly reduced (P +info)

Markedly different rates and resistance profiles exhibited by seven commonly used and newer beta-lactams on the selection of resistant variants of Enterobacter cloacae. (4/331)

Seven beta-lactam antibiotics (cefepime, cefoperazone, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefamandole, imipenem and meropenem) were tested for their potential to select resistance in standard and clinical strains of Enterobacter cloacae (n = 9). The strains were subcultured daily with the test antibiotics at doubling concentrations starting at 0.125 x MIC. Development of resistance throughout the passages was detected by a disc diffusion test. Ceftazidime, ceftriaxone and cefamandole selected resistance at a faster rate than cefoperazone, cefepime and meropenem. Imipenem did not select resistance in the nine strains tested and was the only antibiotic that eradicated all the strains during selection. The resistance patterns of strains selected by meropenem, cefepime and the other cephalosporins were markedly different, although cross-resistance to the early generation cephalosporins was common. The resistance phenotypes of most strains remained stable upon serial passages in antibiotic-free medium. The findings of this study highlight the importance of the choice of antibiotic for therapy not only on the basis of its antibacterial activity, but also on its potential to select resistance to itself and other antibiotics.  (+info)

Sequence of the MIR-1 beta-lactamase gene. (5/331)

The complete nucleotide sequence of the plasmid-mediated MIR-1 beta-lactamase gene confirms its relationship to chromosomally located ampC genes of Enterobacter cloacae. blaMIR-1 is not part of a typical gene cassette but does lie near an element that could be involved in its capture on a plasmid.  (+info)

In vitro and in vivo activities of Syn2190, a novel beta-lactamase inhibitor. (6/331)

Syn2190, a monobactam derivative containing 1,5-dihydroxy-4-pyridone as the C-3 side chain, is a potent inhibitor of group 1 beta-lactamase. The concentrations of inhibitor needed to reduce the initial rate of hydrolysis of substrate by 50% for Syn2190 against these enzymes were in the range of 0.002 to 0.01 microM. These values were 220- to 850-fold lower than those of tazobactam. Syn2190 showed in vitro synergy with ceftazidime and cefpirome. This synergy was dependent on the concentration of the inhibitor against group 1 beta-lactamase-producing strains, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii, and Morganella morganii. However, against beta-lactamase-derepressed mutants of P. aeruginosa, the MICs of ceftazidime plus Syn2190 were not affected by the amount of beta-lactamase, and the values were the same for the parent strains. The MICs at which 50% of isolates are inhibited (MIC(50)s) of ceftazidime plus Syn2190 were 2- to 16-fold lower than those of ceftazidime alone for ceftazidime-resistant, clinically isolated gram-negative bacteria. Similarly, the MIC(50)s of cefpirome plus Syn2190 were two- to eightfold lower for cefpirome-resistant clinical isolates. The synergies of Syn2190 plus ceftazidime or cefpirome observed in vitro were also reflected in vivo. Syn2190 improved the efficacies of both cephalosporins in both a murine systemic infection model with cephalosporin-resistant rods and urinary tract infection models with cephalosporin-resistant P. aeruginosa.  (+info)

Comparative in vitro activities of ciprofloxacin, clinafloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and trovafloxacin against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Enterobacter cloacae, and Enterobacter aerogenes clinical isolates with alterations in GyrA and ParC proteins. (7/331)

The in vitro activities of ciprofloxacin, clinafloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and trovafloxacin were tested against 72 ciprofloxacin-resistant and 28 ciprofloxacin-susceptible isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Enterobacter cloacae, and Enterobacter aerogenes. Irrespective of the alterations in GyrA and ParC proteins, clinafloxacin exhibited greater activity than all other fluoroquinolones tested against K. pneumoniae and E. aerogenes.  (+info)

Inhibition of the broad spectrum nonmetallocarbapenamase of class A (NMC-A) beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae by monocyclic beta-lactams. (8/331)

beta-Lactamases hydrolyze beta-lactam antibiotics, a reaction that destroys their antibacterial activity. These enzymes, of which four classes are known, are the primary cause of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. The class A beta-lactamases form the largest group. A novel class A beta-lactamase, named the nonmetallocarbapenamase of class A (NMC-A) beta-lactamase, has been discovered recently that has a broad substrate profile that included carbapenem antibiotics. This is a serious development, since carbapenems have been relatively immune to the action of these resistance enzymes. Inhibitors for this enzyme are sought. We describe herein that a type of monobactam molecule of our design inactivates the NMC-A beta-lactamase rapidly, efficiently, and irreversibly. The mechanism of inactivation was investigated by solving the x-ray structure of the inhibited NMC-A enzyme to 1.95 A resolution. The structure shed light on the nature of the fragmentation of the inhibitor on enzyme acylation and indicated that there are two acyl-enzyme species that account for enzyme inhibition. Each of these inhibited enzyme species is trapped in a distinct local energy minimum that does not predispose the inhibitor species for deacylation, accounting for the irreversible mode of enzyme inhibition. Molecular dynamics simulations provided evidence in favor of a dynamic motion for the acyl-enzyme species, which samples a considerable conformational space prior to the entrapment of the two stable acyl-enzyme species in the local energy minima. A discussion of the likelihood of such dynamic motion for turnover of substrates during the normal catalytic processes of the enzyme is presented.  (+info)

Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae ATCC ® 13047D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae strain CDC 442-68 TypeStrain=False Application:
Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens ATCC ® 23373D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens strain ICPB ED105 TypeStrain=False Application:
Enterobacter species are important human opportunistic pathogens, responsible for nosocomial infections such as urinary tract infections, osteomyelitis, cholecystitis, and neonatal meningitis (15). Enterobacter cloacae, the type species of Enterobacter, is a prevalent nosocomial pathogen due to high-level resistance to disinfectants and antimicrobial agents (9). E. cloacae ATCC 13047 was isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid by Edwin Oakes Jordan in 1890 and is the type strain of E. cloacae subsp. cloacae (8).. Whole-genome sequencing of E. cloacae ATCC 13047 was performed with a combined strategy using a Sanger shotgun approach (5) and 454 single-end sequencing technology (13). Genomic libraries containing 5-kb inserts were constructed, and 10,236 sequences were generated with an ABI 3730 DNA analyzer, giving 1.5-fold coverage of the genome. A total of 281,462 single-end reads, giving 19.1-fold coverage of the genome, were generated using the GS FLX system (454 Life Sciences Corporation) and ...
An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Enterobacter cloacae infection lasted for 4 months in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Forty-six isolates from the NICU and 20 epidemiologically unrelated strains were characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and repetitive extragenic palindromic unit b1-primed PCR (REPUb1-PCR) typing. The PFGE patterns after XbaI restriction of the bacterial DNA were analyzed by computer software (Gelcompar) using the UPGMA (unweighted pair group method with arithmetic averages) clustering method and the Dice coefficient. The 46 isolates from the NICU were classified by PFGE typing into five clusters: A (further classified into 7 subtypes, A1 to A7), B, C, D, and E. This outbreak was attributed to multiple genetically related strains of cluster A which had a similarity of 85.8% +/- 4.6%. The minor band differences among strains of cluster A were probably due to minor genetic mutations. The type A1 and A3 strains were isolated from the clinical specimens ...
DataMed is a prototype biomedical data search engine. Its goal is to discover data sets across data repositories or data aggregators. In the future it will allow searching outside these boundaries. DataMed supports the NIH-endorsed FAIR principles of Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability and Reusability of datasets with current functionality assisting in finding datasets and providing access information about them.
ID ENTCC_3_PE3058 STANDARD; PRT; 338 AA. AC ENTCC_3_PE3058; D5CHN1; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE SubName: Full=Methylthioribose-1-phosphate isomerase; (ENTCC_3.PE3058). GN OrderedLocusNames=ECL_03090; OS ENTEROBACTER CLOACAE SUBSP. CLOACAE ATCC 13047. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Enterobacteriales; OC Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacter; Enterobacter cloacae complex. OX NCBI_TaxID=716541; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS ENTCC_3.PE3058. CC Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae ATCC 13047 chromosome, complete CC genome. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:D5CHN1_ENTCC CC -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the eIF-2B alpha/beta/delta subunits CC family. CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000224730 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; D5CHN1; -. DR EMBL; CP001918; ADF62626.1; -; Genomic_DNA. DR RefSeq; YP_003613575.1; NC_014121.1. DR ...
Enterobacter cloacae species is responsible for nosocomial outbreaks in vulnerable patients in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The environment can constitute the reservoir and source of infection in NICUs. Herein we report the impact of preventive measures implemented after an Enterobacter cloacae outbreak inside a NICU. This retrospective study was conducted in one level 3 NICU in Lyon, France, over a 6 year-period (2012-2018). After an outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae infections in hospitalized neonates in 2013, several measures were implemented including intensive biocleaning and education of medical staff. Clinical and microbiological characteristics of infected patients and evolution of colonization/infection with Enterobacter spp. in this NICU were retrieved. Moreover, whole genome sequencing was performed on 6 outbreak strains. Enterobacter spp. was isolated in 469 patients and 30 patients developed an infection including 2 meningitis and 12 fatal cases. Preventive measures and education of
Euro Asia Research and development Association is an International Journal dedicated to all the distributed of scientific, management and technological information and make all efforts towards achieving this goal.
Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) are the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis worldwide. Study of HuNoV biology has been hampered by the lack of an efficient cell culture system. Recently, enteric commensal bacteria Enterobacter cloacae has been recognized as a helper in HuNoV infection of B cells in vitro. To test the influences of E. cloacae on HuNoV infectivity and to determine whether HuNoV infects B cells in vivo, we colonized gnotobiotic pigs with E. cloacae and inoculated pigs with 2.74 × 10(4) genome copies of HuNoV. Compared to control pigs, reduced HuNoV shedding was observed in E. cloacae colonized pigs, characterized by significantly shorter duration of shedding in post-inoculation day 10 subgroup and lower cumulative shedding and peak shedding in individual pigs. Colonization of E. cloacae also reduced HuNoV titers in intestinal tissues and in blood. In both control and E. cloacae colonized pigs, HuNoV infection of enterocytes was confirmed, however infection of B cells was not ...
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DataMed is a prototype biomedical data search engine. Its goal is to discover data sets across data repositories or data aggregators. In the future it will allow searching outside these boundaries. DataMed supports the NIH-endorsed FAIR principles of Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability and Reusability of datasets with current functionality assisting in finding datasets and providing access information about them.
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Enterobacterales; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacter; Enterobacter cloacae complex; Enterobacter cloacae; Enterobacter cloacae subsp. ...
CRE trends during 2006-2015 in the VHA recapitulate the epidemic of carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae in the United States and indicate that a second epidemic of carbapenem-resistant E. cloacae complex appears to be unfolding. In the United States, the predominant carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae genotype is sequence type (ST) 258, which is associated with Tn4401, a mobile genetic element containing blaKPC (7). In contrast, the genetic background of carbapenem-resistant E. cloacae complex is not well defined. Analysis of carbapenem-resistant E. cloacae from the US Midwest and New York, NY, demonstrated dissemination of E. cloacae complex ST171 harboring the blaKPC-3 gene (2,3,8). Further analysis demonstrated that ST171 was associated with a Tn4401 variant within a pBK30683-like plasmid; however, various other plasmids in Enterobacter spp. also harbor blaKPC-3 (4). Of note, in a northeastern US hospital, one third of carbapenem-resistant E. cloacae contained carbapenemases and the rest ...
Looking for medication to treat infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce the symptoms of infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae
This research work investigated the influence of biofield treatment on Enterobacter cloacae (ATCC 13047) against antimicrobial susceptibility. Two sets of ATCC samples were taken in this experiment and denoted as A and B. ATCC A sample was revived and divided into two parts Gr. I (control) and Gr. II (revived); likewise, ATCC B was labeled as Gr. III (lyophilized). Group II and III were given with biofield treatment. The control and treatment groups of E. cloacae cells were tested with respect to antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical reactions pattern and biotype number. The result showed significant decrease in the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of aztreonam and ceftazidime (≤ 8 μg/mL), as compared to control group (≥ 16 μg/mL). It was observed that 9% reaction was altered in the treated groups with respect to control out of the 33 biochemical reactions. Moreover, biotype number of this organism was substantially changed in group II (7731 7376) and group III (7710 3176) ...
Abstract Objective: To determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of infections due to Enterobacter cloacae. Design and Setting: Retrospective cohort study in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) from December 1996 to January 1997; environmental and laboratory investigations. Subjects: 60 infants hospitalized in the NICU during the outbreak period. Main Outcome Measures: Odds ratios (OR) linking E cloacae colonization or infection and various exposures. All available E cloacae isolates were typed and characterized by contour-clamped homogenous electric-field electrophoresis to confirm possible cross-transmission. Results: Of eight case-patients, two had bacteremia; one, pneumonia; one, soft-tissue infection; and four, respiratory colonization. Infants weighing |2,000 g and born before week 33 of gestation were more likely to become cases (P|.001). Multivariate analysis indicated that the use of multidose vials was independently associated with E cloacae carriage (OR, 16.3; 95% confidence
BACKGROUND: The development of clean or novel alternative energy has become a global trend that will shape the future of energy. In the present study, 3 microbial strains with different oxygen requirements, including Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824, Enterobacter cloacae ATCC 13047 and Kluyveromyces marxianus 15D, were used to construct a hydrogen production system that was composed of a mixed aerobic-facultative anaerobic-anaerobic consortium. The effects of metal ions, organic acids and carbohydrate substrates on this system were analyzed and compared using electrochemical and kinetic assays. It was then tested using small-scale experiments to evaluate its ability to convert starch in 5 L of organic wastewater into hydrogen. For the one-step biohydrogen production experiment, H1 medium (nutrient broth and potato dextrose broth) was mixed directly with GAM broth to generate H2 medium (H1 medium and GAM broth). Finally, Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824, Enterobacter cloacae ATCC 13047 and ...
Abstract : This research work investigated the influence of biofield treatment on Enterobacter cloacae (ATCC 13047) against antimicrobial susceptibility. Two sets of ATCC samples were taken in this experiment and denoted as A and B. ATCC A sample was revived and divided into two parts Gr. I (control) and Gr. II (revived); likewise, ATCC B was labeled as Gr. III (lyophilized). Group II and III were given with biofield treatment. The control and treatment groups of E. cloacae cells were tested with respect to antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical reactions pattern and biotype number. The result showed significant decrease in the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of aztreonam and ceftazidime (≤ 8 μg/mL), as compared to control group (≥ 16 μg/mL). It was observed that 9% reaction was altered in the treated groups with respect to control out of the 33 biochemical reactions. Moreover, biotype number of this organism was substantially changed in group II (7731 7376) and group III ...
This assay is only available as part of a panel and cannot be ordered individually.. Enterobacter cloacae is an anaerobic gram-negative nosocomial bacterium that can be acquired through the skin, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract or derived externally due to the ubiquitous nature. This organism is an opportunistic pathogen, targeting compromised patients such as the young, old, or those that have a severe disease such as human immunodeficiency virus. Enterobacter infections can cause morbidity and mortality and are hard to manage due to multiple antibiotic resistance.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalence of stably derepressed class I β-lactamase in multiresistant clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae in two Hungarian hospitals. AU - Pragai, Zoltan. AU - Csiszár, Károly. AU - Fodor, Eleonóra. AU - Nagy, Elisabeth. PY - 1998/1. Y1 - 1998/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031974952&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031974952&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-0691.1998.tb00337.x. DO - 10.1111/j.1469-0691.1998.tb00337.x. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:0031974952. VL - 4. SP - 53. EP - 55. JO - Clinical Microbiology and Infection. JF - Clinical Microbiology and Infection. SN - 1198-743X. IS - 1. ER - ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Structural basis of reduced susceptibility to ceftazidime- avibactam and cefiderocol in enterobacter cloacae due to AmpC R2 loop deletion. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
The acquisition of iron is important for the pathogenicity of bacteria and blood. Three different culture environments (Fe stimulation, blood agar plate and normal plate) were used to stimulate Enterobacter cloacae, and their respective pathogenicities were compared at the proteomic, mRNA and metabolomic levels. 2D-DIGE combined with MALDI-TOF-MS/MS, RT-PCR and 1H NMR were used to analyze the differential expression levels of proteins, mRNA and metabolites. A total of 109 proteins were identified by 2D-DIGE and mass spectrometry after pairwise comparison within three culture environments, clustered into 3 classes and 183 functional categories, which were involved in 23 pathways. Based on the 2D-DIGE results, multiple proteins were selected for verification by mRNA expression. These results confirmed that most of the proteins were regulated at the transcriptional level. Thirty-eight metabolites were detected by NMR, which correlated with the differentially expressed proteins under different treatment
On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Enterobacter cloacae (Jordon [sic] 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960. Publication: Euzéby JP. Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1997; 47:1271-1272. ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Gammaproteobacteria; Enterobacterales; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacter; Enterobacter cloacae complex; Enterobacter cloacae complex Hoffmann cluster IV ...
The study evaluated the activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam (C/T) against 94 unique clinical isolates of complex (ECC). No difference was observed according to the ECC cluster. The activity greatly varied depending on the β-lactamase-producing profile: 100%, 67%, and 19% of wild-type, extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing, and AmpC-overproducing strains, respectively, were susceptible to C/T. The use of C/T could be of interest for the treatment of some infections caused by ESBL-producing AmpC-nonoverexpressing ECC isolates.
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THE ANTIBACTERIAL potential of Ziziphus- spina christi as methanol and ethanol extracts, of bark, fruit, roots, seeds and leaves, were evaluated against seven pathogenic bacterial strains using agar well diffusion technique: The used strains were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 278223), Enterobacter cloacae (ATCC 13047), Enterobacter aerogenes (ATCC 13084), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 13888), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, ATCC 43300). The antibiotic erythromycin was used as positive control. The presence of phytochemical compounds in the extracts was determined qualitatively, the functional bioactive groups were characterized by FTIR and the presence of bioactive elements was characterized by XRF. Antibacterial activity against the used bacterial strains was assessed by determining the minimal inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) assays. All the used Gram negative and positive bacteria were
Vu, H, and H Nikaido. Role of beta-lactam hydrolysis in the mechanism of resistance of a beta-lactamase-constitutive Enterobacter cloacae strain to expanded-spectrum beta-lactams.. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 27.3 (1985): 393-398. Web. 04 July. 2020. ...
The same plasmid carrying blaCTX-M-14b was identified from an Escherichia coli isolate and an Enterobacter cloacae isolate collected from cattle in the United Kingdom by complete plasmid sequencing. This 35,341-bp plasmid, pSAM7, had an IncX4 backbone that is 99% identical to that of pJIE143 from a human isolate in Australia. PCR screening identified pSAM7-like plasmids in three other E. coli isolates of different multilocus sequence types isolated from cattle on different farms in the United Kingdom.. ...
Alterations in the human gut microbiome associated with Helicobacter pylori infection [2019] [80001141] [FEBS Open Bio] [Journal ...
1GCE: Structure of the extended-spectrum class C beta-lactamase of Enterobacter cloacae GC1, a natural mutant with a tandem tripeptide insertion.
From December 5, 1996, through January 25, 1997, a total of 10 adult patients at an ambulatory hemodialysis center in Maryland had gram-negative bacterial BSIs. Six BSIs were caused by Enterobacter cloacae, four by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and two by Escherichia coli; two were polymicrobial BSIs. All patients at the hemodialysis center were dialyzed on CS3 hemodialysis machines that had WHOs. Results of a cohort study of all patients receiving dialysis at the center during the 2-month epidemic period indicated that the risk for gram-negative BSI was associated with exposure to any of three particular dialysis machines (seven BSIs in 20 patients who were exposed to one or more of the three machines versus three BSIs in 64 patients who were exposed to the other machines; relative risk=7.5; 95% confidence interval=2.1-26.2). Incompetent valves on WHO waste drain lines were present in eight of 26 dialysis machines and in two of the three implicated machines. Enterobacter cloacae was recovered from ...
The previously described facultatively anaerobic microorganismEnterobacter sp. DG-6, which transforms methoxylated and hydroxylated monoaromatic compounds both aerobically and anaerobically, has been further investigated. The moles percent guanine plus cytosine in DNA has been determined. Two plasmids have been isolated and studied as related to the capability of the bacterium to degrade 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-cinnamic acid (ferulic acid). The anaerobic O-demethylation mechanism and the pathway of C1-compound oxidation are discussed.
1OVM: Crystal structure of thiamindiphosphate-dependent indolepyruvate decarboxylase from Enterobacter cloacae, an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of the plant hormone indole-3-acetic acid
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A new series of phosphonyl derivatives has been prepared and tested for inhibition of serine (classes A and C) beta-lactamases. The results were compared with those previously acquired with aryl phosphonate monoesters and with alkaline hydrolysis rates. A methyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate monoanion was markedly poorer as an inhibitor of the class C beta-lactamase of Enterobacter cloacae P99 than a comparable p-nitrophenyl phosphonate. Phosphonyl fluorides, thiophenyl esters, N-phenylphosphonamidates and a p-nitrophenyl thionophosphonate were, in general, comparable with p-nitrophenyl phosphonates in inhibitory power. The incorporation of a specific amino side chain led to an increase in the rates of inhibition of around 10(4)-fold. Apparently unresponsive to the addition of the side chain to the enzyme was N-phenyl methylphosphonamidate, where binding of the side chain may interfere with access of the leaving group to a proton which is necessary to active-site phosphonylation and inhibition. ...
Name: Enterobacter roggenkampii Sutton et al. 2018. Category: Species. Proposed as: sp. nov.. Etymology: rog.gen.kampi.i N.L. gen. masc. n. roggenkampii, of Roggenkamp, in honor of Andreas Roggenkamp, a German microbiologist who helped elucidate the phylogenetic structure of the E. cloacae complex Gender: masculine Type strain: DSM 16690; EN-117; LMG 30172 Conduct genome-based taxonomy at ...
Microbiology. I have been working on the antibiotic resistance mechanism and the cell membrane transporter in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter cloacae for eight years. Currently we are focusing on the following studies: 1) Investigating the presence of disinfectant resistant bacteria in clinical settings;2) Analyzing resistance genes in antibiotic resistant Enteric bacteria; 3) Examining the accumulation/efflux of antibiotic in the bacteri. ...
Microbiology. I have been working on the antibiotic resistance mechanism and the cell membrane transporter in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter cloacae for eight years. Currently we are focusing on the following studies: 1) Investigating the presence of disinfectant resistant bacteria in clinical settings;2) Analyzing resistance genes in antibiotic resistant Enteric bacteria; 3) Examining the accumulation/efflux of antibiotic in the bacteri. ...
Moreira, Maria Aparecida S. et al. Multidrug efflux systems in Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae obtained from wholesome broiler carcasses. Braz. J. Microbiol., June 2009, vol.40, no.2, p.241-247. ISSN 1517- ...
Sekar, V Thillai and Santiago, T C and Vijayan, K K and Alavandi, S V and Raj, V Stalin and Rajan, J J S and Sanjuktha, M and Kalaimani, N (2008) Involvement of Enterobacter cloacae in the mortality of the fish, Mugil cephalus. Letters In Applied Microbiology. pp. 1-6. ...
pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase: catalyzes denitration of pentaerythritol tetranitrate with NADPH to 3-hydroxy-2,2-bis-((nitroxy)methyl)propanal and 2,2-bis-((nitroxy)methyl)-propanedial; isolated from Enterobacter cloacae
0066]Reference herein to microorganism means any prokaryotic organism (e.g. bacteria) or lower eukaryotic organism (e.g. algae, fungi, protozoa). The preferred microorganisms of the present invention are members of the Enterobacteriaceae group of bacteria. The Enterobacteriaceae group comprises, but is not limited to, Enterobacter (e.g. Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterobacter amnigenus, Enterobacter asburiae, Enterobacter cancerogenus, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter cowanii, Enterobacter dissolvens, Enterobacter gergoviae, Enterobacter hormaechei, Enterobacter intermedins, Enterobacter kobei, Enterobacter nimipressuralis, Enterobacter pyrinus, Enterobacter sakazakii, Enterobacter sp., Enterobacter sp. `MS 412`, Enterobacter sp. 16-31, Enterobacter sp. 2002-2301161, Enterobacter sp. 22, Enterobacter sp. 253a, Enterobacter sp. 3-45, Enterobacter sp. 76996, Enterobacter sp. B2/69, Enterobacter sp. B24a, Enterobacter sp. B24b, Enterobacter sp. B41, Enterobacter sp. B509, Enterobacter sp. B5R5, ...
A sandy loam soil near field capacity moisture content (psi = -0.050 MPa) or air dried (psi = -300 MPa) was inoculated with about 3 x 10(7) CFU of Enterobacter cloacae JP120 and Alcaligenes eutrophus AEO106(pRO101) per g and incubated in 40-g portions at 17 degrees C in closed or open Erlenmeyer flasks. In the field-moist soil, selective plating, direct viable counts, and DNA hybridization showed only minor changes in the numbers of E. cloacae and A. eutrophus cells with time (14 days), and the results obtained with the three detection methods generally agreed. In the air-dried soil, the majority of both bacteria were found as intact DNA-carrying cells that were neither culturable nor viable by the methods employed in this study. The numbers of culturable E. cloacae and A. eutrophus cells dropped to 10(5) and 10(2) CFU/g, respectively, 2 h after inoculation. Direct viable counts showed that only about 1% of the cells detected by immunofluorescence microscopy were viable, but a fraction of viable ...
Dive into the research topics of Occurrence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases among chromosomal AmpC-producing Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii, and Serratia marcescens in Korea and investigation of screening criteria. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
A 5 day old full term male infant admitted with a two day history of fever, irritability, and convulsions was diagnosed as having Enterobacter cloacae septicaemia and meningitis. A computed tomography (CT) brain scan on admission showed cerebral oedema and areas of low density signals near the occipital horns of the lateral ventricles. A repeat CT scan five days after admission (fig 1) revealed the presence of diffuse pneumocephalus. T1 weighted magnetic resonance images of the brain three days later (fig 2), as well as a CT scan two weeks after admission, showed a pronounced interval increase in the collection of intracranial air. The baby died from multiorgan failure 18 days after admission. ...
Definition of Enterobacter cloacae. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter cloacae complex are the two species of this genus most involved in healthcare-associated infections that are ESBL and carbapenemase producers. This study characterized, phenotypically and genotypically, 51 isolates of E. aerogenes and E. cloacae complex originating from infection or colonization in patients admitted to a public hospital in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, by antimicrobial susceptibility profile, analysis of β-lactamase genes (bla TEM, bla SHV, bla CTX-M, bla KPC, bla VIM, bla IMP and bla SPM), PCR and DNA sequencing, plasmid profile and ERIC-PCR. In both species, the genes bla TEM, bla CTX-M and bla KPC were detected. The DNA sequencing confirmed the variants bla TEM-1, bla CTX-M-15 and bla KPC-2 in isolates. More than one gene conferring resistance in the isolates, including the detection of the three previously cited genes in strains isolated from infection sites, was observed. The detection of bla CTX-M was more frequent in isolates from infection
The results of this study revealed that P. ultimum sporangia respond to exudates released into the spermospheres of corn and cucumber within 30 min after exposure to seeds, nearly 45 to 75 min before germ tubes emerge. Such an early response indicates that sufficient concentrations of LCUFA must be present in the spermosphere within 30 min after sowing since LCUFA are the only known elicitors of P. ultimum sporangial germination (10). Recent studies of fatty acid exudation from seeds have confirmed that LCUFA, especially oleic and linoleic acids, are released from both corn and cucumber seeds as early as 15 min after sowing (23). Although it is difficult to know the precise concentration and distribution of LCUFA in the spermosphere at any point in time, the calculated concentrations of oleic and linoleic acids are well within the concentrations previously reported to induce high levels of sporangial germination (18, 20). Assuming a spermosphere radius of 5 mm (10) surrounding a 5-mm-diameter ...
Background. Enterobacter species have become increasingly important nosocomial pathogens. However, resistance to cephalosporins often complicates the treatment of Enterobacter infection. This study was conducted to evaluate the predictors of mortality and the impact of cephalosporin resistance on outcome in patients with Enterobacter bacteremia.. Methods. A total of 183 patients with Enterobacter bacteremia were retrospectively analyzed. Broad-spectrum cephalosporin resistance was defined as in vitro resistance to cefotaxime or ceftazidime. The main outcome measure was the 30-day mortality rate.. Results. Of 183 patients, 86 (47%) had bacteremia caused by broad-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacter species, and their infections were classified as resistant. The 30-day mortality rate of patients with resistant infections (the resistant group) was significantly higher than that of patients with susceptible infections (the susceptible group) (33.7% vs. 18.6%; P = .021). When the 30-day ...
Enterobacter spp. are the third most common pathogen causing pneumonia and the fifth most common pathogen causing bloodstream and surgical site infections in intensive care facilities in the United States (15). Although ∼25% are resistant to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter spp. remain very unusual (3). Carbapenem resistance in E. aerogenes has been attributed to overproduction of chromosomal cephalosporinase and loss of porins (1, 4, 5, 16). E. cloacae rarely may acquire class A carbapenem-hydrolyzing β-lactamases, such as NMC-A (9, 11) and IMI-1 (14). The carbapenem-hydrolyzing enzyme KPC-2 has been recovered in isolates of Klebsiella spp. (2, 7, 18) and in an isolate of E. cloacae (A. Hossain, M. J. Ferraro, R. M. Pino, R. B. Dew, E. S. Moland, T. J. Lockhart, K. S. Thomson, R. V. Goering, and N. D. Hanson, Abstr. 43rd Intersci. Conf. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother., abstr. C1-664, 2003). A related enzyme, KPC-3, has been recovered in isolates of K. ...
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A complex network of interacting proteins and enzymes is required for DNA replication. Generally, DNA replication follows a multistep enzymatic pathway. At the DNA replication fork, a DNA helicase (DnaB or MCM complex) precedes the DNA synthetic machinery and unwinds the duplex parental DNA in cooperation with the SSB or RPA. On the leading strand, replication occurs continuously in a 5 to 3 direction, whereas on the lagging strand, DNA replication occurs discontinuously by synthesis and joining of short Okazaki fragments. In prokaryotes, the leading strand replication apparatus consists of a DNA polymerase (pol III core), a sliding clamp (beta), and a clamp loader (gamma delta complex). The DNA primase (DnaG) is needed to form RNA primers. Normally, during replication of the lagging-strand DNA template, an RNA primer is removed either by an RNase H or by the 5 to 3 exonuclease activity of DNA pol I, and the DNA ligase joins the Okazaki fragments. In eukaryotes, three DNA polymerases (alpha, ...
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Endophytic bacteria have been shown to provide several advantages to their host, including enhanced growth. Inoculating biofuel species with endophytic bacteria is therefore an attractive option to increase the productivity of biofuel feedstocks. Here, we investigated the effect of inoculating hard wood cuttings of Populus deltoides Bartr. × Populus. nigra L. clone OP367 with
TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of Enterobacter spp. from three distinct populations in Grampian, UK. AU - Wagenlehner, F. M.. AU - MacKenzie, Fiona. AU - Forbes, Kenneth James. AU - Gould, Ian M. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - The distribution of Enterobacter spp. within the population of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary was compared with the outpatient population with regard to molecular epidemiology and antibiotic resistance. Enterobacter spp. from 60 patients and one environmental site were characterised as ITU, non ITU and outpatients isolates. Thirty-five percent were blood culture isolates. Cefotaxime resistant strains in the hospital were frequent. Cefotaxime (64%) sensitive isolates were inducible for hyperproduction of Bush group I P-lactamase. Isolates were further investigated by PFGE. Isolates (27%) were clonally related and typed in four clusters. Consecutive isolates were studied in selected patients showing minor genomic changes. One environmental isolate ...
Knowledge of the genus Enterobacter and its role in human disease has expanded exponentially in recent years. The incidence of infection in the hospital and the community has increased. New clinical syndromes have been recognized. Enterobacter spp. have also been implicated as causes of other syndromes that traditionally have been associated almost exclusively with more easily treatable pathogens, such as group A streptococci and staphylococci. Rapid emergence of multiple-drug resistance has been documented in individual patients during therapy and in populations and environments with strong selective pressure from antimicrobial agents, especially the cephalosporins. Therapeutic options for patients infected with multiply resistant strains have become severely limited. Carbapenems or, alternatively, fluoroquinolones are the most predictively active options, although resistance to both classes has been observed on rare occasions. Enterobacter spp. appear well adapted for survival and even ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Structure of the exopolysaccharide produced by Enterobacter amnigenus. AU - Cescutti, Paola. AU - Kallioinen, Anne. AU - Impallomeni, Giuseppe. AU - Toffanin, Renato. AU - Pollesello, Piero. AU - Leisola, Matti. AU - Eerikäinen, Tero. PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - The bacterial species Enterobacter amnigenus was isolated from sugar beets harvested in Finland. It produced an exopolysaccharide rich in l-fucose, which gave viscous water solutions. Its primary structure was determined mainly by NMR spectroscopy and ESIMS of oligosaccharides and a polysaccharide with decreased molecular weight, obtained by Smith degradation of the O-deacetylated native polymer.. AB - The bacterial species Enterobacter amnigenus was isolated from sugar beets harvested in Finland. It produced an exopolysaccharide rich in l-fucose, which gave viscous water solutions. Its primary structure was determined mainly by NMR spectroscopy and ESIMS of oligosaccharides and a polysaccharide with decreased molecular ...
The descriptions of Enterobacter taylorae and Enterobacter cancerogenus show differences in key reactions (ornithine decarboxylase and D-sorbitol fermentation) that have not received attention and are inconsistent with the synonymy proposed by Grimont and Ageron (P. A. D. Grimont and E. Ageron, Res. Microbiol. 140:459-465, 1989). A reassessment of the biochemical properties confirms that they are synonymous. We believe that the priority of E. cancerogenus should be maintained in diagnostic and clinical microbiology even if the epithet could be misunderstood in a clinical setting.
Chromosomal ampC genes in Enterobacter species other than Enterobacter cloacae, and ancestral association of the ACT-1 plasmid-encoded cephalosporinase to Enterobacter ...
Some symptoms of Enterobacter infections include bacteremia, lower respiratory tract infections, skin infections, soft tissue infections, urinary tract infections, UTI, endocarditis, intraabdominal infections, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and ophthalmic infections. They are an opportunistic pathogens that rarely cause disease in otherwise healthy individuals. This bacteriums virulence seems to be due largely to an endotoxin that it produces. Nosocomial infections are the most frequent type of Enterobacter infections, but community-acquired infections are sometimes observed. The bacteria usually infects people who stay in the hospital, especially on the ICU, for long periods of time as well as people how have used many antimicrobial agents, have serious underlying conditions (eg: diabetes, malignancies, burns, mechanical ventilation, etc.), use foreign devices such as intravenous catheters, and immunosuppression.These infections can be contracted endogenously via colonization of the skin, ...
Enterobacter infections can include bacteremia, lower respiratory tract infections, skin and soft-tissue infections, urinary tract infections (UTIs), endocarditis, intra-abdominal infections, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, CNS infections, and ophthalmic infections. Enterobacter infections can necessitate prolonged hospitalization, multiple ...
Abstract: Susceptibility of nosocomial potential AmpC-beta-lactamases producers strains (n=128), isolated from patients admitted to 30 medical centers of 15 various regions of Russia has been investigated. The susceptibility testing was performed by the broth microdilution method. The most active antibacterial agents acting to the investigated strains remained carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem). PCR-based detection of beta-lactamase genes (TEM, SHV, CTX) was investigated in 51 E. cloacae strains. Alone or in various combinations TEM type beta-lactamases have been found in 31 (60,8%) isolates, SHV - in 22 (43,1%), and CTX - in 22 (43,1%). There were negative results of TEM, SHV, CTX beta-lactamases genotyping in 13 (25,5%) E. cloacae suspect strains ...
Background. The clinical utility of carbapenems is under threat because of the emergence of acquired metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) genes. We describe the first outbreak in Australia of infection and/or colonization with gram-negative pathogens carrying the MBL gene blaIMP-4.. Methods. MBL-producing organisms were identified using susceptibility data in conjunction with MBL screening methods. PCR and sequence analysis were performed to characterize the resistance gene and identify the presence of integrons. DNA profiles were determined by ribotyping. Clinical and epidemiological data were prospectively collected from January-July 2004.. Results. A total of 19 isolates were recovered from 16 patients: Serratia marcescens (10 isolates), Klebsiella pneumoniae (4 isolates), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3 isolates), Escherichia coli (1 isolate), and Enterobacter cloacae (1 isolate). Isolates were resistant to most β-lactams except aztreonam, and variable resistance to carbapenems was observed (MIC range, 2 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A promising target for treatment of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections. AU - Davey, Martin S. AU - Tyrrell, Jonathan M. AU - Howe, Robin A. AU - Walsh, Timothy R. AU - Moser, Bernhard. AU - Toleman, Mark A. AU - Eberl, Matthias. PY - 2011/7. Y1 - 2011/7. KW - Chryseobacterium/drug effects. KW - Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/drug effects. KW - Enterobacter cloacae/drug effects. KW - Erythritol/analogs & derivatives. KW - Escherichia coli/drug effects. KW - Fosfomycin/analogs & derivatives. KW - Klebsiella pneumoniae/drug effects. KW - Microbial Sensitivity Tests. KW - Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects. KW - Sugar Phosphates/metabolism. KW - Terpenes/metabolism. U2 - 10.1128/AAC.00382-11. DO - 10.1128/AAC.00382-11. M3 - Article (Academic Journal). C2 - 21537011. VL - 55. SP - 3635. EP - 3636. JO - Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. JF - Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. SN - 0066-4804. IS - 7. ER - ...
Background: Antimicrobial resistance is a major threat. The prevalence of multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs) in hospital wards depends both on the local antibiotic selection pressure and MDRO introduction from other wards or the community. Understanding the relative contribution of these factors is essential for designing effective antimicrobial stewardship and infection control strategies. Here we adopt a metapopulation approach to compare the impacts of local selection and inter-ward introduction on the prevalence of various MDROs and their non-MDR counterparts. Materials/methods: Data were collected from October 2016 to October 2017 from 523 wards in 4 hospital groups in Lyon, France. We considered six bacterial groups: cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae and carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and their non-MDR variants. The main model outcome was the number of patients infected by each bacterial group in each ward. Local selection pressure was estimated
A total of 47 patients (21.9%) were infected, and 13 (29.3%) had ICU-acquired infection. The infection incidence density was 20.7 per 1000 days. The most frequent types of ICU infection reported were: pneumonia (14.8%), followed by bloodstream infection (7.9%) and UTI (3.3%). Enterobacter cloacae species were the most frequent cause of UTI, Staphylococcus aureus was the most predominant in pneumonia, followed by Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pnaumoniae wich were the most frequently reported in bacteraemia. The overall mortality rates among infected and non-infected patients were 40,4% and 17,3% respectively. ...
A diagnostic test used by hospitals says a recently isolated strain of bacteria is susceptible to the last resort antibiotic colistin. But the strain actually ignores treatment with colistin, causing lethal infections in animals.. Through heteroresistance, a genetically identical subpopulation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria can lurk within a crowd of antibiotic-susceptible bacteria. The phenomenon could be causing unexplained treatment failures in the clinic and highlights the need for more sensitive diagnostic tests, researchers say.. In Nature Microbiology (published online Monday, May 9), scientists led by David Weiss, PhD, describe colistin-heteroresistant strains of Enterobacter cloacae, a type of bacteria that has been causing an increasing number of infections in hospitals around the world.. Heteroresistance has been observed previously and its clinical relevance debated, Weiss says. We were able to show that it makes a difference in an animal model of infection, and is likely to ...
Isolation, partial purification and preliminary characterisation of B-lactamase from bacillus subtilis and enterobacter cloacae by H. L. Gunson Download PDF EPUB ...
Procedures indicated for various Enterobacter infections may include the following: Removal of central venous catheters within 72 hours of gram-negative bacilli infections (This has been shown to low... more
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Enterobacter asburiae.
Relationship between intestinal microbial dysbiosis and primary liver cancer [2019] [80000925] [Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International] [Journal ...
Back in 2003, a different pair of researchers calculated the amount of pressure required by Adélie penguins to shoot feces from their cloaca to account for the distance it traveled. In this new effort, the researchers have added a new variable to make the calculation more precise.. Adélie penguins are reluctant to leave a nest when they are brooding eggs-the danger to the eggs is too great. But they also have a need to keep a clean nest. Evolution has stepped in to solve the problem for the penguins-when they need to defecate, they point their body away from the nest, lift their tail, and shoot their feces away from the nest, leaving a colored trail. The researchers of the 2003 study wondered how much pressure would have to build up inside of their bodies to shoot their waste such a distance, which was 30 to 40 centimeters. By measuring the distances of the colored trails, the consistency of the excrement and the aperture of the cloaca, they were able to calculate how much pressure is required ...
Male: Based in 12 mature specimens. Length 1.19 2.29 mm (1.69 mm ± 0.33, n = 11) (1.75 mm); maximum width 50 70 (60 ± 6, n = 11) (60). Buccal cavity 6 15 (14 ± 3, n = 11) (15) long. Esophagus 150 220 (190 ± 21, n = 10) (200) long, consisting of corpus 75 140 (112 ± 18, n = 10) (111) long, isthmus 30 70 (50 ± 12, n = 10) (45) long, and bulb 20 35 (28 ± 5, n = 10) (30) long, 18 21 (20 ± 2, n = 10) (21) wide. Distance from anterior end to nerve ring (60) and to excretory pore (162). Spicules equal, 50 80 (68 ± 9, n = 11) (55), well sclerotized and curved. Gubernaculum well sclerotized, 20 30 (27 ± 4, n = 9) (28) long. Two caudal alae well developed supported by 8 pairs of pedunculate papillae; 1 pair precloacal, 7 pairs postcloacal arranged in 3 groups, 2 pairs close to cloaca, 3 pairs midway between cloaca and tail, and 2 pairs close to tail. Tail extending beyond bursa. Female: From 15 mature specimens. Length 1.32 2.25 mm (1.9 mm ± 0.35, n = 14) (2.14 mm), maximum width at level of ...
Birds mate by rubbing their cloaca together in what scientists call a cloacal kiss. Birds of both sexes have a cloaca, which is an opening that swells and
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Other articles where Gonoduct is discussed: animal reproductive system: Tracts: …a pair of tubes (gonoducts) extending from anterior, funnel-like openings (ostia) to the cloaca, except as noted below. The gonoducts are specialized along their length for secretion of substances added to the eggs; for transport, storage, nutrition, and expulsion of eggs or the products of conception; and, in species…
Congratulations to Dr. Helen McNeills Lab on their recent publication! Reciprocal Spatiotemporally Controlled Apoptosis Regulates Wolffian Duct Cloaca Fusion. Hoshi M, Reginensi A, Joens… ...
Enterobacter cloacae • Escherichia coli • Haemophilus influenzae • Helicobacter Pylori • Klebsiella oxytoca • Klebsiella ...
Enterobacter cloacae: ,16 μg/ml. *Escherichia coli: 1 μg/ml. *Proteus vulgaris: 0.25 μg/ml ...
Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Bacteroides fragilis. Tigecycline is indicated for treatment of complicated ... Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Klebsiella pneumoniae, vancomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecalis ...
... and Enterobacter cloacae. Several prescription and over-the-counter drugs, including antidepressants, antibiotics, antifungals ...
Tommassen J, Stoorvogel J, van Bussel MJ, van de Klundert JA (1991). "Molecular characterization of an Enterobacter cloacae ...
Enterobacter cloacae is a causal bacteria of wetwood in American Elms. Xanthomonas spp., Argobacterium spp., Acinetobacter spp ...
... also appears in select bacteria including Enterobacter cloacae. The secondary structure of this ...
Resistance caused by decreased penetration of beta-lactam antibiotics into Enterobacter cloacae. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. ... "Resistance caused by decreased penetration of beta-lactam antibiotics into Enterobacter cloacae". Antimicrobial Agents and ...
Enterobacter cloacae can produce IAA, from aromatic and branched-chain amino acids. Fungi can form a fungal mantle around roots ... Sep 2015). "Regulation of indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis by branched-chain amino acids in Enterobacter cloacae UW5". FEMS ...
One organism is Enterobacter cloacae, which biologically metabolizes the sludge parabens into PHBA. Through various analytical ... and Their Aerobic Transformation into Phenol by the Resistant Enterobacter cloacae Strain EM". Applied and Environmental ... and Their Aerobic Transformation into Phenol by the Resistant Enterobacter cloacae Strain EM. Applied and Environmental ...
Woodbury, Nathan; Moore, Margo; Gries, Gerhard (2013). "Horizontal transmission of the microbial symbionts Enterobacter cloacae ... aggregate in response to the microbes Enterobacter cloacae and Mycotypha microspora". Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. ... detect and nutritionally benefit from their microbial symbionts Enterobacter cloacae and Mycotypha microspora". Environmental ...
The nitroreductase of Enterobacter cloacae was identified by Bryant and Deluca in a strain isolated from a munitions facility, ... H nitroreductase from Enterobacter cloacae". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 266 (7): 4119-4125. ISSN 0021-9258. PMID 1999405 ... Crystal structures of the E. cloacae and E. coli enzymes have been published with a variety of substrates and analogues bound. ...
Enterobacter cloacae (Enterobacteriaceae), both present in the faeces of the firebrat, Thermobia domestica. It was also shown ... aggregate in response to the microbes Enterobacter cloacae and Mycotypha microspora". Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. ... detect and nutritionally benefit from their microbial symbionts Enterobacter cloacae and Mycotypha microspora". Environmental ... that firebrats detect the presence of E. cloacae based on its external glycocalyx of polysaccharides, most likely based on its ...
Enterobacter cloacae (Enterobacteriaceae), which are present in the faeces. It was also shown that firebrats detect the ... aggregate in response to the microbes Enterobacter cloacae and Mycotypha microspora". Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. ... detect and nutritionally benefit from their microbial symbionts Enterobacter cloacae and Mycotypha microspora". Environmental ... presence of E. cloacae based on its external glycocalyx of polysaccharides, most likely based on its D-glucose component. ...
It is inactive against most strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and many strains of Enterobacter cloacae. Staphylococci that are ... methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Enterococci Listeria monocytogenes Enterobacter sp. Bacteroides sp. In a 2005 study ...
Currently, some Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Escherichia coli strains are resistant ...
... from Enterobacter cloacae". Biochemistry. 39 (41): 12671-7. doi:10.1021/bi001310x. PMID 11027147. Santoro A, Cappello AR, Madeo ... Of note, activity against S. saprophyticus, Klebsiella, and Enterobacter is variable and should be confirmed by minimum ...
"Biochemical Characterization of CTX-M-15 from Enterobacter cloacae and Designing a Novel Non-β-Lactam-β-Lactamase Inhibitor". ...
... and Their Aerobic Transformation into Phenol by the Resistant Enterobacter cloacae Strain EM". Applied and Environmental ...
Salmonella Typhi and Enterobacter cloacae bacteria. In research laboratories, B1 B cells can be easily isolated from a mouse by ...
A more recent study has uncovered a potentially contributing role for Enterobacter cloacae B29 toward obesity and insulin ... Bacterial genera associated with endotoxin-related obesity effects include Escherichia and Enterobacter. Lipopolysaccharides ...
The device was found to be highly specific to E. coli, and was tested against the presence of Enterobacter cloacae, Aeromonas ...
Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterobacter cloacae complex, Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Klebsiella oxytoca. Some exclude ertapenem ... and Enterobacter cloacae producing OXA-48-like carbapenemases. Their findings included: 25 of the 26 strains had the blaOXA-48 ... to several bacteria including Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, E. coli, and Citrobacter freundii. The class B metallo- ... cloacae), GES (16 variants thus far found in P. aeruginosa predominantly but also found in K. pneumoniae and E. coli), and KPC ...
... seven from an outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae. Schakron stated she was motivated to come out in order to prevent others from ...
Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii, Proteus mirabilis, and Serratia marcescens. Activity is maintained against most ...
Molecular epidemiology of a nosocomial outbreak due to Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter agglomerans in Campinas, São Paulo ... Enterobacter cloacae sepsis outbreak in a newborn unit caused by contaminated total parenteral nutrition solution (2000) ...
Bactericidal Activity of the Organo-Tellurium Compound AS101 Against Enterobacter Cloacae,' Journal of Antimicrobial ...
Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens), and primarily gastrointestinal problems (Helicobacter pylori, Salmonella ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. Serratia marcescens (Serratia infection) · Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ... Other disease-causing bacteria in this family include Enterobacter and Citrobacter. Members of the Enterobacteriaceae can be ... not after the genus Enterobacter (which would be "Enterobacteraceae")-and the type genus is Escherichia. ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter cloacae, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Klebsiella pneumoniae.[42]. Other usesEdit. Acetylcysteine is sold as a ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. Serratia marcescens (Serratia infection) · Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ... "Morphological Characteristics of Enterobacter aerogenes".. *^ Asadi, Nooshin; Zilouei, Hamid (March 2017). "Optimization of ... Klebsiella aerogenes[1], previously known as Enterobacter aerogenes, is a Gram-negative, oxidase negative, catalase positive, ... "Biological hydrogen production by Enterobacter aerogenes: Structural analysis of treated rice straw and effect of substrate ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens), and primarily gastrointestinal problems (Helicobacter pylori, Salmonella ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Enterobacter aerogenes/Enterobacter cloacae. Slow/weak. *Serratia marcescens *Serratia infection. *Citrobacter koseri/ ...
Uji metil merah: Escherichia coli (kiri) menunjukkan hasil 'positif', dan Enterobacter cloacae (kanan) menunjukkan hasil ' ... Bakteri ini disebut negatif metil merah, dan termasuk di dalamnya adalah Serratia marcescens dan Enterobacter aerogenes. ...
Cloaca cloacae. ›DSM 30054. ›DSM:30054. ›Enterobacter cloacae (Jordan 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960. ›Enterobacter cloaceae ... Enterobacter sp. DIV140. ›Enterobacter sp. DIV160. ›Enterobacter sp. DIV167. ›Enterobacter sp. JS08.Deg01. ›Enterobacter sp. ... "Bacillus cloacae" Jordan 1890. ›"Bacterium cloacae" (Jordan 1890) Lehmann and Neumann 1896. ›"Cloaca cloacae" (Jordan 1890) ... Enterobacter. › Enterobacter cloacae complex. Strains i. › 501. › A-11 / 501R3 ,EcCT-501R3. › ATCC 43560 / 96-3. › ATCC 7256 / ...
Definition of Enterobacter cloacae. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... Enterobacter cloacae. Definition: a bacterial species found in the feces of humans and other animals and in sewage, soil, and ... it is the type species of the genus Enterobacter. A serious cause of nosocomial infection. ...
Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to Enterobacter cloacae as E. cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov. and emended ... cloacae subsp. cloacae. The complete E. cloacae subsp. cloacae ATCC 13047 genome contains a single circular chromosome of ... cloacae was announced in 2012. The bacteria used in the study were isolated from giant panda feces. Enterobacter cloacae is a ... P. GenBank New holotype for Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae strain PR-4 isolated and identified by 16S rDNA gene sequence ...
The prognosis of E cloacae complex infections depends on numerous variables, including the infection site (eg, bloodstream, ... What is the prognosis of Enterobacter cloacae complex infections?) and What is the prognosis of Enterobacter cloacae complex ... Drugs & Diseases , Infectious Diseases , Enterobacter Infections Q&A What is the prognosis of Enterobacter cloacae complex ... Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter cloacae; versatile bacterial pathogens confronting antibiotic treatment. Front ...
dissolvens ATCC ® 23373D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens strain ICPB ED105 TypeStrain= ... Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens (ATCC® 23373D-5™) Strain Designations: Genomic DNA from Enterobacter cloacae subsp. ... Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens ATCC® 23373D-5™ dried Total DNA: At least 5 µg in 1X TE buffer ... Genomic DNA from Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens strain ICPB ED105 [ATCC® 23373™] ...
cloacae ATCC ® 13047™ Designation: CDC 442-68 TypeStrain=True Application: Quality control strain Quality control strain for ... Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to Enterobacter cloacae as E. cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov. and emended ... Enterobacter cloacae retro-nitroreductase gene, complete cds Nucleotide (GenBank) : U65720 Enterobacter cloacae 16S ribosomal ... Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae (Jordan) Hormaeche and Edwards, subsp. nov. (ATCC® 13047D-5™) Add to ...
DNA replication - Enterobacter cloacae EcWSU1 [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show description ...
Miscellaneous: Anti-infection, Antibiotic resistance, Antibiotics, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterococcus faecium, Escherichia coli ...
... enterobacter+cloacae? Find a list of current medications, their possible side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat ... or reduce the symptoms of infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae ... Considering taking medication to treat infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae? Below is a list of common ... 120 medications found for infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae ...
Crystal structure of thiamindiphosphate-dependent indolepyruvate decarboxylase from Enterobacter cloacae, an enzyme involved in ... Crystal structure of Indolepyruvate decarboxylase from Enterobacter cloacae. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb1ovm/pdb ...
Species: cloacae Description and significance. Enterobacter cloacae is a rod-shaped, gram-negative bacteria from the ... Enterobacter cloacae infections have the highest mortality rate compared to other Enterobacter infections. Many of the clinical ... Bacteria, Proteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Enterobacteriales, Enterobacteriaceae, Enterobacter, Enterobacter cloacae ... Enterobacter cloacae can be found on human skin and tissues as well as fruits, vegetables, and devices such as a hot water ...
We examined 55 Enterobacter cloacae isolates from clinical specimens for the production of cytotonic and cytotoxic toxins and ... Cytotoxic activity of Enterobacter cloacae human isolates FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2009 Aug;56(3):248-52. doi: 10.1111/j. ... We examined 55 Enterobacter cloacae isolates from clinical specimens for the production of cytotonic and cytotoxic toxins and ... Enterobacter cloacae / isolation & purification * Enterobacter cloacae / pathogenicity* * Enterobacteriaceae Infections / ...
Enterobacter cloacae complex sp. ECNIH11Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A2S4SS17,A0A2S4SS17_9ENTR 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase OS=Enterobacter cloacae complex sp. ECNIH11 OX=2080662 GN=fadI PE=3 SV=1 ... cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Gammaproteobacteria › Enterobacterales › Enterobacteriaceae › Enterobacter › ...
Molecular characterization of an Enterobacter cloacae outer membrane protein (OmpX).. J Stoorvogel, M J van Bussel, J Tommassen ... Molecular characterization of an Enterobacter cloacae outer membrane protein (OmpX).. J Stoorvogel, M J van Bussel, J Tommassen ... Molecular characterization of an Enterobacter cloacae outer membrane protein (OmpX).. J Stoorvogel, M J van Bussel, J Tommassen ... Molecular characterization of an Enterobacter cloacae outer membrane protein (OmpX). Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded ...
French, C. E., Nicklin S. and Bruce N. C. (1998). Aerobic degradation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene by Enterobacter cloacae PB2 and ... 1999) The Degradation of Nitrate Ester Explosives and TNT by Enterobacter Cloacae PB2. In: Fass R., Flashner Y., Reuveny S. ( ... In this paper we describe the isolation and characterisation of a strain of Enterobacter cloacae from explosives contaminated ... The Degradation of Nitrate Ester Explosives and TNT by Enterobacter Cloacae PB2. ...
Structure of the extended-spectrum class C beta-lactamase of Enterobacter cloacae GC1, a natural mutant with a tandem ...
Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to Enterobacter cloacae as E. cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov. and emended ... Complete Genome Sequence of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae Type Strain ATCC 13047 Yan Ren, Yi Ren, Zhemin Zhou, Xi Guo, ... Enterobacter cloacae is an important nosocomial pathogen. Here, we report the completion of the genome sequence of E. cloacae ... Complete Genome Sequence of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae Type Strain ATCC 13047 ...
Comparison of the substrate specificities of the -lactamases from Klebsiella aerogenes 1082E and Enterobacter cloacae P99.. ... and its activity against a range of substrates has been compared with that of the enzyme from Enterobacter cloacae (Aerobacter ... The results obtained with the E. cloacae enzyme confirmed its cephalosporinase activity and showed that, unlike the enzyme from ... cloacae) P99. The K. aerogenes enzyme, although predominantly a penicillinase, had a wide range of specificity. In addition to ...
We showed that this gene, previously identified in P. aeruginosa, was located in a different genetic background in E. cloacae. ... cloacae of the bla(GIM-1) gene, which is responsible for reduced susceptibility to carbapenems. ... Detection of the carbapenemase GIM-1 in Enterobacter cloacae in Germany J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013 Mar;68(3):558-61. doi: ... Objectives: To characterize the mechanisms involved in reduced susceptibility to carbapenems in two Enterobacter cloacae ...
Irreproducible and Uninterpretable Polymyxin B MICs for Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter aerogenes David Landman, Julius ... Irreproducible and Uninterpretable Polymyxin B MICs for Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter aerogenes ... Irreproducible and Uninterpretable Polymyxin B MICs for Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter aerogenes ... Irreproducible and Uninterpretable Polymyxin B MICs for Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter aerogenes ...
... resistance rates remained stable in Klebsiella pneumoniae but increased in Enterobacter cloacae complex, suggesting a " ... resistant Enterobacter cloacae complex. D) Nationwide percentage of carbapenem nonsusceptibility and resistance in E. cloacae ... Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacter cloacae in Patients from the US Veterans Health Administration, 2006-2015 Brigid M. Wilson, ... Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacter cloacae in Patients from the US Veterans Health Administration, 2006-2015. ...
An outbreak of Enterobacter cloacae infections with variable susceptibility to fluoroquinolones occurred in the University ... Enterobacter cloacae Outbreak and Emergence of Quinolone Resistance Gene in Dutch Hospital Armand Paauw*. , Ad C. Fluit*, Jan ... Extensive hospital-wide spread of a multidrug-resistant Enterobacter cloacae clone, with late detection due to a variable ... Epidemiology of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacter isolates in a Spanish hospital during a 12-year period. ...
... for hydrolysis by beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae 99. ...
To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of diffuse pneumocephalus associated with Enterobacter cloacae meningitis in ... and convulsions was diagnosed as having Enterobacter cloacae septicaemia and meningitis. A computed tomography (CT) brain scan ...
Enterobacter cloacae B29, an endotoxin-producing strain dominated in the gut of a morbidly obese volunteer (weight 174.8 kg, ... Enterobacter cloacae B29, an endotoxin-producing strain dominated in the gut of a morbidly obese volunteer (weight 174.8 kg, ... Enterobacter cloacae B29, an Enterobacter strain from this volunteer, was then isolated and transplanted to germfree mice. It ... Fei, N. (2013). The Role of Enterobacter cloacae in the Development of Human Metabolic Syndrome. Doctoral thesis, Shanghai Jiao ...
In this work, we examined the potential of the endophytes of banana plants Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae, as ... These results reveal a new alternative to promote growth and health of crops using endophytic bacteria such as E. cloacae as an ... After 60 days, only those plants inoculated with E. cloacae showed intracellular bacteria within root cells. Plants died after ... Plants treated with bacteria showed good growth, but E. cloacae AC treated plants had sig... ...
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All available E cloacae isolates were typed and characterized by contour-clamped homogenous electric-field electrophoresis to ... Conclusions: Several factors caused and aggravated this outbreak: (1) introduction of E cloacae into the NICU, likely by two ... Main Outcome Measures: Odds ratios (OR) linking E cloacae colonization or infection and various exposures. ... with an increased risk of E cloacae carriage during the outbreak compared to periods without understaffing and overcrowding ( ...
... concentration was determined in heart infusion agar medium against beta-lactam producing organism Enterobacter cloacae NTCC9394 ...
The ATCC Licensed Derivative Emblem, the ATCC Licensed Derivative word mark and the ATCC catalog marks are trademarks of ATCC. Microbiologics, Inc. is licensed to use these trademarks and to sell products derived from ATCC® cultures. Look for the ATCC Licensed Derivative © Emblem for products derived from ATCC© cultures. ...
  • Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. (uniprot.org)
  • citation needed] A draft genome sequence of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • This latter strain is the first complete genome sequence of the E. cloacae species and the type strain is E. cloacae subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • The complete E. cloacae subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (atcc.org)
  • Genomic DNA from Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (atcc.org)
  • Complete Genome Sequence of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (asm.org)
  • Here, we report the completion of the genome sequence of E. cloacae ATCC 13047, the type strain of E. cloacae subsp. (asm.org)
  • E. cloacae ATCC 13047 was isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid by Edwin Oakes Jordan in 1890 and is the type strain of E. cloacae subsp. (asm.org)
  • Microbiologics : 0323L Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (microbiologics.com)
  • However, detailed genome sequence analysis of the strain E. cloacae subsp. (asm.org)
  • A draft genome sequence of Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (omicsgroup.org)
  • Culti-Loops™ Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (thermofisher.com)
  • LMG 2932 Enterobacter cloacae subsp. (straininfo.net)
  • 31] The type strains of the species are E. cloacae ATCC 49162 and 13047. (wikipedia.org)
  • cloacae ATCC 13047 genome contains a single circular chromosome of 5,314,588 bp and two circular plasmids, pECL_A and pECL_B, of 200,370 and 85,650 bp (GenBank accession numbers CP001918, CP001919 and CP001920, respectively). (wikipedia.org)
  • Whole-genome sequencing of E. cloacae ATCC 13047 was performed with a combined strategy using a Sanger shotgun approach ( 5 ) and 454 single-end sequencing technology ( 13 ). (asm.org)
  • The complete E. cloacae ATCC 13047 genome contains a single circular chromosome of 5,314,588 bp and two circular plasmids, pECL_A and pECL_B, of 200,370 and 85,650 bp. (asm.org)
  • The genome of E. cloacae ATCC 13047 possesses virulence properties recognized to be important in the onset of infection. (asm.org)
  • cloacae ATCC 13047 revealed to us that 10 other genes putatively coded for RND-type transporters. (asm.org)
  • This research work investigated the influence of biofield treatment on Enterobacter cloacae (ATCC 13047) against antimicrobial susceptibility. (peerevaluation.org)
  • Aerobacter cloacae in 1958 (Hormaeche and Edwards) and E. cloacae in 1960 (Hormaeche and Edwards), by which it is still known today. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) and Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. (medscape.com)
  • Nomenclatural type of the genus Enterobacter Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) . (dsmz.de)
  • On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Enterobacter cloacae (Jordon [sic] 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960. (dsmz.de)
  • Conclusions: Together with the information available in the MLST database, our results suggest that, like Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, E. cloacae harbours clonal lineages of increased epidemic potential that may be associated with resistance spread. (uu.nl)
  • Expression of the cloned E. cloacae 1194E ampR-ampC region was examined initially in Escherichia coli HBIOI. (elsevier.com)
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) is the most common carbapenemase carried by CRE in North America and Europe, frequently detected in isolates of K. pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, and Enterobacter cloacae. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Molecular identification indicated that the strains were related to Aeromonas hydrophila , Escherichia coli (three strains), Enterobacter cloacae , Kluyvera cryocrescens (three strains), Kluyvera intermedia , Citrobacter freundii (two strains), Bacillus sp. (mdpi.com)
  • Comparison of the substrate specificities of the -lactamases from Klebsiella aerogenes 1082E and Enterobacter cloacae P99. (nih.gov)
  • The results obtained with the E. cloacae enzyme confirmed its cephalosporinase activity and showed that, unlike the enzyme from K. aerogenes, it was relatively inactive against the penicillins. (nih.gov)
  • In this study involving clinical isolates of E. cloacae and E. aerogenes , susceptibility testing methods with polymyxin B were analyzed. (asm.org)
  • E. cloacae and E. aerogenes are important nosocomial pathogens responsible for a number of infections such as bacteremia, lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and septic arthritis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In fact, a synonym for Enterobacter aerogenes is Klebsiella mobilis. (answers.com)
  • Enterobacter aerogenes for test negetive and Klebsiella pneumoniae will test positve. (answers.com)
  • it is the type species of the genus Enterobacter. (drugs.com)
  • Predictors of in-hospital mortality for bloodstream infections caused by Enterobacter species or Citrobacter freundii. (medscape.com)
  • Many of the Enterobacter species have multiple antibiotic resistance that are undetectable in vitro, which makes it difficult to treat in patients (17). (kenyon.edu)
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first complete genome sequence of the E. cloacae species. (asm.org)
  • Enterobacter species are important human opportunistic pathogens, responsible for nosocomial infections such as urinary tract infections, osteomyelitis, cholecystitis, and neonatal meningitis ( 15 ). (asm.org)
  • Enterobacter cloacae , the type species of Enterobacter , is a prevalent nosocomial pathogen due to high-level resistance to disinfectants and antimicrobial agents ( 9 ). (asm.org)
  • Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter species are emerging nosocomial pathogens. (asm.org)
  • For polymyxin susceptibility testing of Enterobacter species, close attention must be paid to the presence of multiple skip wells, leading to uninterpretable results. (asm.org)
  • Until the clinical relevance of skip wells is defined, interpretation of polymyxin susceptibility tests for Enterobacter species should be undertaken with extreme caution. (asm.org)
  • Enterobacter species are important pathogens in critically ill patients, being the most common Gram-negative pathogen in bloodstream infections and the second most common in patients with pneumonia ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • In New York City, approximately 7% of Enterobacter species possess bla KPC ( 4 ). (asm.org)
  • This first episode prompted us to a careful monitoring of Enterobacter infections, to ascertain the incidence and the outcome of MBL production among cases of severe nosocomial infections caused by this species and to better define the biochemical characteristics of MBL-producing strains. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Enterobacter cloacae is a common seed-associated bacterium that suppresses seed infections, protecting a number of plant species from P. ultimum -induced damping-off ( 3 , 4 , 8 , 12 ). (asm.org)
  • Enterobacter species cause a wide variety of nosocomial infections, including respiratory- and urinary tract infections, wound infections, osteomyelitis, meningitis and bacteremia. (microbe-canvas.com)
  • Molecular biological studies of E. cloacae have revealed six species, and some strains that have been phenotypically identified as E. cloacae are opportunistic pathogens that have been implicated as the causative agent of local and systemic infections in humans [ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although E. cloacae complex strains are among the most common Enterobacter species causing nosocomial bloodstream infections in the last decade, little is known regarding their virulence-associated properties. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Antibiotics may create a selective pressure leading to detectable carriage with Enterobacter species, especially in hospitalized patients (endogenous selection). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Species-specific AUROCs were as high as 0.988 for K. pneumoniae and 1.000 for E. cloacae. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • 6] E. cloacae is also an important nosocomial pathogen responsible for bacteremia and lower respiratory tract, urinary tract and intra-abdominal infections, as well as endocarditis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis and skin and soft tissue infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is the prognosis of Enterobacter cloacae complex infections? (medscape.com)
  • The prognosis of E cloacae complex infections depends on numerous variables, including the infection site (eg, bloodstream, meninges, lungs), time to diagnosis and treatment, antimicrobial resistance, and underlying host vulnerabilities. (medscape.com)
  • Enterobacter cloacae infections have the highest mortality rate compared to other Enterobacter infections. (kenyon.edu)
  • Many of the clinical samples of the Enterobacter infections are hard to distinguish from other bacterial infections, so having its genome sequenced would be very useful for treating these infections. (kenyon.edu)
  • Enterobacter cloacae are nosocomial pathogens that can cause a range of infections such as bacteremia, lower respiratory tract infection, skin and soft tissue infections, urinary tract infections, endocarditis, intra-abdominal infections, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and ophthalmic infections (4). (kenyon.edu)
  • Abstract Objective: To determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of infections due to Enterobacter cloacae. (rero.ch)
  • The aim of this study was to ascertain the incidence and clinical significance of metallo-β-lactamases among Enterobacter strains isolated from patients with nosocomial infections. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Of 29 infections (11 involving the urinary tract, 7 pneumonias, 3 skin/soft tissue infections, 3 intra-abdominal infections, 3 bacteremias, and 2 other infections), 7 (24%) were caused by Enterobacter cloacae strains harboring a bla VIM-1 gene associated or not with a bla SHV12 gene. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Multiclonal VIM-1-producing E. cloacae infections are difficult to diagnose due to an apparent susceptibility to various beta-lactams, including carbapenems, and are associated with a high relapse rate and a more prolonged duration of antibiotic therapy. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This study was conducted in the University Hospital Umberto I, Rome, Italy, during the period January 2007 to February 2008, in which Enterobacter infections were carefully monitored. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This indicates a direct link between the level of seed-colonizing biomass of P. ultimum and the number of activated and germinated sporangia in the spermosphere, suggesting that E. cloacae suppresses P. ultimum seed infections by reducing sporangial activation and germination within the first 30 to 90 min after sowing. (asm.org)
  • Enterobacter cloacae is an important nosocomial pathogen responsible for various infections, including sepsis, infections of the respiratory tract and urinary tract, wound infections, and meningitis. (asm.org)
  • Paediatric infections caused by multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing Enterobacter cloacae constitute a critical clinical and epidemiological issue. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Outbreak of infections caused by Enterobacter cloacae producing the integron-associated β-lactamase IBC-1 in a neonatal intensive care unit of a Greek hospital. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Enterobacter infections can cause morbidity and mortality and are hard to manage due to multiple antibiotic resistance. (viracor-eurofins.com)
  • Musculoskeletal Postoperative Infections due to Enterobacter cloacaecomplex: A New Reality? (omicsgroup.org)
  • Among the most common risk factors for developing E. cloacae bloodstream infections are prolonged hospitalization, the severity of the illness, and exposure to invasive procedures [ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • An increased incidence of healthcare-associated infections or carriage with E. cloacae can, therefore, result from endogenous selection, but also from clonal transmission, either or not facilitated by selective antibiotic pressure. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Enterobacter xiangfangensis sequence type 171 (ST171), a clone that has been implicated in clusters of infections in humans, was isolated from two dogs with clinical disease in Ohio. (pacb.com)
  • In microbiology labs, E. cloacae is frequently grown at 30 °C on nutrient agar or at 35 °C in tryptic soy broth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aerobacter cloacae" (Jordan 1890) Bergey et al. (uniprot.org)
  • E. cloacae was described for the first time in 1890 by Jordan[201][citation needed] as Bacillus cloacae, and then underwent numerous taxonomical changes, becoming 'Bacterium cloacae' in 1896 (Lehmann and Neumann), Cloaca cloacae in 1919 (Castellani and Chalmers), it was identified as 'Aerobacter cloacae' in 1923 (Bergey et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aerobacter cloacae (Jordon) Bergey et al. (atcc.org)
  • The enzyme has been partly purified, and its activity against a range of substrates has been compared with that of the enzyme from Enterobacter cloacae (Aerobacter cloacae) P99. (nih.gov)
  • Meanwhile, Enterobacter , a genus of opportunistic pathogens, decreased from 35% relative abundance of gut bacteria to non-detectable level. (frontiersin.org)
  • In a recent Italian nationwide survey of acquired MBLs in gram-negative pathogens, among 14,812 consecutive nonreplicate clinical isolates (12,245 Enterobacteriaceae isolates and 2,567 gram-negative nonfermenters) screened for reduced carbapenem susceptibility during a 4-month period, 30 (0.2%) isolates (28 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, 1 Pseudomonas putida isolate, and 1 Enterobacter cloacae isolate) carried acquired MBL determinants ( 20 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Leverstein-van Hall MA , Blok HE , Paauw A , Fluit AC , Troelstra A , Mascini EM , Extensive hospital-wide spread of a multidrug-resistant Enterobacter cloacae clone, with late detection due to a variable antibiogram and frequent patient transfer. (cdc.gov)
  • In the present study, two clinical isolates of E. cloacae , EcDC64 (a multidrug-resistant strain overexpressing the AcrAB-TolC efflux pump) and Jc194 (a strain with a basal AcrAB-TolC expression level), were used to determine whether similar global stress responses operate in E. cloacae and also to establish the molecular mechanisms underlying this response. (asm.org)
  • Three methods, O-serotyping, phage typing and susceptibility to bacteriocins, were used to type 357 clinical isolates of Enterobacter cloacae cultured from 219 patients. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A proposed genus Enterobacter . (dsmz.de)
  • The Klebsiella genus are non-motile while Enterobacter are motile. (answers.com)
  • Production of protease enzyme from fish guts using Pseudomonas fluorescens, Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus megaterium. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Three proteolytic organisms (Pseudomonas fluorescens, Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus megaterium) were used in the production of protease and the most effective production was observed at a temperature of 45°C and pH 9. (alliedacademies.org)
  • E. cloacae is considered a biosafety level 1 organism in the United States and level 2 in Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • are an important cause of nosocomial infection, but only a few cases of infection due to MBL-producing E. cloacae have been reported in the English literature worldwide ( 10 , 16 , 23 , 29 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Before the designation of 'enteric group 17', these strains had been reported as unidentified or atypical Citrobacter or Enterobacter strains. (wikipedia.org)
  • After identification using API 20E and 16S sequencing, the bacterial isolate strain B2 is Citrobacter braakii and B3 is Enterobacter cloacae. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Hill, Jane E. / Detection of high-risk carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae isolates using volatile molecular profiles . (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Enterobacter cloacae is a rod-shaped, gram-negative bacteria from the Enterobacteriaceae family. (kenyon.edu)
  • Enterobacter cloacae are gram-negative bacteria which means they contain two cell walls. (kenyon.edu)
  • Plants treated with bacteria showed good growth, but E. cloacae AC treated plants had significantly greater biomass than the E. cloacae HKC. (frontiersin.org)
  • After 60 days, plants inoculated with E. cloacae AC showed intracellular bacteria within root cells, suggesting that a stable symbiosis was established. (frontiersin.org)
  • In Gram-negative bacteria, the active efflux is an important mechanism of antimicrobial resistance, but little is known about the Enterobacter cloacae complex (ECC). (asm.org)
  • Recently, enteric commensal bacteria Enterobacter cloacae has been recognized as a helper in HuNoV infection of B cells in vitro. (vt.edu)
  • Enterobacter cloacae are commensal bacteria of the human gut that can inactivate third-generation cephalosporins through overproduction of chromosomally encoded AmpC beta-lactamases, especially during treatment with these antibiotics. (biomedcentral.com)
  • When this bacteria (Enterobacter cloacae B29) was added to germ-free mice, "the expression of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, I kappa B kinase epsilon and Toll-like receptor 4 pro-inflammatory genes increased significantly" - in other words, CFS-like inflammation. (cfsremission.com)
  • Enterobacter cloacae is an important nosocomial pathogen. (asm.org)
  • Arbitrarily primed PCR, ribotyping, and plasmid pattern analysis applied to investigation of a nosocomial outbreak due to Enterobacter cloacae in a neonatal intensive care unit. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Nosocomial outbreak due to extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Enterobacter cloacae in a cardiothoracic intensive care unit. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • An outbreak of gram-negative bacteremia (GNB), especially enterobacter cloacae, in patients with long-term tunnelled haemodialysis catheters]. (mblwhoilibrary.org)
  • In this paper, we describe and outbreak of gram-negative bacteremia, firstly E. cloacae, in an outpatients haemodialysis unit, in the patients with long-term tunnelled haemodialysis catheters. (mblwhoilibrary.org)
  • To determine the most practical method for reference laboratories, we analyzed 71 E. cloacae complex isolates from sporadic and outbreak occurrences originating from 4 geographic areas. (cdc.gov)
  • Small-colony variants (SCVs) were obtained from an Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolate in Okinawa, Japan. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • This study aimed at isolation of a bacteriophage against MDR clinical strain of E. cloacae and its efficacy against bacterial planktonic cells and biofilm. (springer.com)
  • 30] In recent years, E. cloacae has emerged as one of the most commonly found nosocomial pathogen in neonatal units, with several outbreaks of infection being reported. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebral infarctions due to CNS infection with Enterobacter sakazakii. (medscape.com)
  • Considering taking medication to treat infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae? (webmd.com)
  • Below is a list of common medications used to treat or reduce the symptoms of infection+of+urinary+tract+due+to+enterobacter+cloacae. (webmd.com)
  • Main Outcome Measures: Odds ratios (OR) linking E cloacae colonization or infection and various exposures. (rero.ch)
  • We prospectively collected data on patients with Enterobacter infection during a 13-month period. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • In both control and E. cloacae colonized pigs, HuNoV infection of enterocytes was confirmed, however infection of B cells was not observed in ileum, and the entire lamina propria in sections of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum were HuNoV-negative. (vt.edu)
  • Especially patients which are hospitalized for more than 72 hours and immunocompromised patients are at risk for an infection caused by Enterobacter . (microbe-canvas.com)
  • AF052256 Enterobacter cloacae DNA gyrase A (gyrA) gene, partial cds. (atcc.org)
  • U65720 Enterobacter cloacae 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence. (atcc.org)
  • U77435 Enterobacter cloacae RNA polymerase beta-subunit (rpoB) gene, partial cds. (atcc.org)
  • The genomes of several strains of Enterobacter cloacae have been partially sequenced with the 16S ribosomal RNA gene. (kenyon.edu)
  • A chromosomal gene of Enterobacter cloacae encoding an outer membrane protein (OmpX) has been cloned. (asm.org)
  • This is the first identification in E. cloacae of the bla(GIM-1) gene, which is responsible for reduced susceptibility to carbapenems. (nih.gov)
  • We showed that this gene, previously identified in P. aeruginosa, was located in a different genetic background in E. cloacae. (nih.gov)
  • The ampR gene and its regulation of AmpC B-lactamase synthesis were investigated for Enterobacter cloacae 1194E, a wild-type strain producing a group A (pI 8.7) enzyme. (elsevier.com)
  • Results indicated a functional E. cloacae 1194EampR gene that could not be transcomplemented by E. cloacae 55. (elsevier.com)
  • Partial sequences for the AcrR and complete sequence of the AcrA and AcrB genes of Enterobacter cloacae are available. (kenyon.edu)
  • The sequences of three Enterobacter cloacae ampC beta-lactamase genes have been determined. (biochemj.org)
  • A comparative analysis of ampR nucleotide and amino acid-sequence data from E. cloacae 1194E and E. cloacaeMHNI revealed related but divergent genes. (elsevier.com)
  • Mezzatesta ML, Gona F, Stefani S. Enterobacter cloacae complex: clinical impact and emerging antibiotic resistance. (medscape.com)
  • Occurrence of Virulence-Associated Properties in Enterobacter cloacae - "in patients receiving antibiotic therapy, E. cloacae strains may be selected and may excessively grow in the gastrointestinal tract. (cfsremission.com)
  • Enterobacter cloacae is a clinically significant Gram-negative, facultatively-anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enterobacte r cloacae is an anaerobic gram-negative nosocomial bacterium that can be acquired through the skin, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract or derived externally due to the ubiquitous nature. (viracor-eurofins.com)
  • Using a susceptibility breakpoint of ≤2 μg/ml, categorical agreement by all four dilution tests (two broth microdilution and two agar dilution) was achieved in only 76/114 (67%) of E. cloacae isolates (65 susceptible, 11 resistant). (asm.org)
  • Three different culture environments (Fe stimulation, blood agar plate and normal plate) were used to stimulate Enterobacter cloacae , and their respective pathogenicities were compared at the proteomic, mRNA and metabolomic levels. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results show that culture in a blood agar plate and a suitable concentration of iron promote the pathogenicity of E. cloacae and that high iron concentrations may have adverse effects on growth and iron uptake and utilization by E. cloacae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this paper we describe the isolation and characterisation of a strain of Enterobacter cloacae from explosives contaminated soil t that is capable of utilising nitrate ester explosives and TNT as sole nitrogen sources for growth. (springer.com)
  • Seed application of the wild-type strain of E. cloacae (EcCT-501R3) reduced sporangial activation by 45% in the cucumber spermosphere, whereas no reduction was observed in the corn spermosphere. (asm.org)
  • For study of enzyme expression in a more closely related host, the cloned E. cloacae 1194EampR-ampC region was transformed into E. cloacae 55, a wild-type strain producing a group B (pI 7.8) enzyme. (elsevier.com)
  • Mr. Trivedi's biofield treatment could be applied to improve the sensitivity of antimicrobials against E. cloacae resistance and an alternative therapeutic approach to combat against antimicrobial resistance. (trivedieffect.com)
  • 34] The other genomes of E. cloacae that have been sequenced are deposited in GenBank under accession numbers CP002272, CP002886, FP929040 and AGSY00000000. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2012 study in which Enterobacter cloacae transplanted into previously germ-free mice resulted in increased obesity when compared with germ-free mice fed an identical diet, suggesting a link between obesity and the presence of Enterobacter gut flora. (wikipedia.org)
  • All available E cloacae isolates were typed and characterized by contour-clamped homogenous electric-field electrophoresis to confirm possible cross-transmission. (rero.ch)
  • D) Nationwide percentage of carbapenem nonsusceptibility and resistance in E. cloacae complex. (cdc.gov)
  • A high prevalence of colistin resistance among E. cloacae isolates in two intensive care units (ICU) (of 16 and 6 beds) using selective digestive decontamination (SDD) since 1990 instigated a retrospective and prospective investigation to quantify the role of clonal transmission. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Altogether, the biofield treatment altered the resistance property of a few antimicrobials against E. cloacae. (trivedieffect.com)
  • Although wild-type or mutant strains of E. cloacae failed to reduce seed colonization incidence, pathogen biomass on cucumber seeds was reduced in the presence of E. cloacae strains EcCT-501R3 and Ec31 by 4 and 8 h after sowing, respectively. (asm.org)
  • Colonization of E. cloacae also reduced HuNoV titers in intestinal tissues and in blood. (vt.edu)
  • In summary, E. cloacae inhibited HuNoV infectivity, and B cells were not a target cell type for HuNoV in gnotobiotic pigs, with or without E. cloacae colonization. (vt.edu)
  • We examined 55 Enterobacter cloacae isolates from clinical specimens for the production of cytotonic and cytotoxic toxins and the presence of the type III secretion system (TTSS). (nih.gov)
  • This study was carried out during the period from May 2007 to March 2008 to detect the presence of Enterobacter cloacae in stool specimens from patients suffering from gastrointestinal disturbance. (sustech.edu)
  • In this work, we examined the potential of the endophytes of banana plants Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae , as antagonists of P. fijiensis and support plant growth in nutrient limited soils by N-transfer. (frontiersin.org)
  • Gallotannins and free gallic acid are present in A. rubrum leaves and are metabolized by K. pneumoniae or E. cloacae in the equine ileum to form pyrogallol either directly or through a gallic acid intermediate (gallotannins). (cornell.edu)
  • Rezistencija bakterijskih sojeva Klebsiella pneumoniae i Enterobacter cloacae izoliranih iz uzoraka urina na beta-laktamske antibiotike', Diplomski rad, Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, Medicinski fakultet Osijek, citirano: 27.01.2020. (mefos.hr)
  • Pozadina istraživanja: Sojevi K. pneumoniae i E. cloacae pokazuju različite vrste rezistencije β-laktamske antibiotike Ciljevi istraživanja: 1. (mefos.hr)
  • utvrditi učestalost različitih vrsta rezistencije bakterijskih sojeva K. pneumoniae i E. cloacae na β-laktamske antibiotike u uzrocima urina pacijenata s područja Brodsko-posavske županije pomoću disk difuzije, određivanjem MIK-a ili uz pomoć fenotipizacije 2. (mefos.hr)
  • U uzorcima su detektirani bakterijski sojevi K. pneumoniae ili E. cloacae. (mefos.hr)
  • Rezultati: Dobiveni rezultati pokazuju da je među bakterijskim sojevima Klebsiella pneumoniae i Enterobacter cloacae prisutna visoka učestalost rezistencije na cefoksitin, kao i produkcija ESBL i AmpC β-laktamaza. (mefos.hr)
  • Zaključak: U svijetu pa tako i u Hrvatskoj, zabilježen je porast rezistencije bakterijskih sojeva K. pneumoniae i E. cloacae na β-laktamske antibiotike. (mefos.hr)
  • Notably, KPC-expressing strains often arise from clonal lineages, with sequence type 258 (ST258) representing the dominant lineage in K. pneumoniae, ST131 in E. coli, and ST78 and ST171 in E. cloacae. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • In the present study, we sought to determine whether carbapenem-resistant and carbapenem-susceptible isolates of K. pneumoniae, E. coli, and E. cloacae produce distinct volatile metabolic profiles. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • To characterize the mechanisms involved in reduced susceptibility to carbapenems in two Enterobacter cloacae clinical isolates. (nih.gov)
  • Two E. cloacae isolates recovered from different regions in Germany and showing reduced susceptibility to carbapenems were analysed. (nih.gov)
  • Multi-resistant E. cloacae (MREb) was defined as ESBL production and/or tobramycin non-susceptibility and/or colistin non-susceptibility. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The control and treatment groups of E. cloacae cells were tested with respect to antimicrobial susceptibility, biochemical reactions pattern and biotype number. (peerevaluation.org)
  • The result suggested that biofield treatment had an impact on E. cloacae with respect to antimicrobial susceptibility, alteration of biochemical reactions pattern and biotype. (peerevaluation.org)
  • Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) In vitro Evaluation of Biofield Treatment on Enterobacter cloacae: Impact on Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Biotype. (trivedieffect.com)
  • Moreover, E. cloacae strains isolated from the lines and machines are genotypically identical to the isolated from the patients. (mblwhoilibrary.org)
  • Sequence and properties of pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase from Enterobacter cloacae PB2. (springer.com)
  • In our previous study, we obtained 98 strains of E. cloacae from the Ningbo sewage outfall using rpo B genotyping, multi-locus sequence analysis and comparative genomic hybridization. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Enterobacter cloacae Complex Sequence Type 171 Isolates Expressing KPC-4 Carbapenemase Recovered from Canine Patients in Ohio. (pacb.com)
  • Molecular characterization of an Enterobacter cloacae outer membrane protein (OmpX). (asm.org)
  • Molecular typing using repetitive sequenced-based PCR (rep-PCR) and hsp60 sequencing were applied to a collection of diverse Enterobacter cloacae complex isolates. (cdc.gov)
  • Enterobacter bacteremia: Clinical features, risk factors for multiresistance and mortality in a Chinese University Hospital. (medscape.com)
  • A 5 day old full term male infant admitted with a two day history of fever, irritability, and convulsions was diagnosed as having Enterobacter cloacae septicaemia and meningitis. (bmj.com)
  • Nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis, E. cloacae septicaemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation were identified as the final diagnoses of the patient. (who.int)
  • Enterobacter cloacae is a member of the normal gut flora of many humans and is not usually a primary pathogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enterobacter cloacae is a biofilm-forming and multi-drug-resistant (MDR) nosocomial pathogen leading to significant morbidity and mortality. (springer.com)