Commitment of Mentally Ill
Coroners and Medical Examiners
National Health Programs
Primary Health Care
Physician's Practice Patterns
Nurses and nursing in primary medical care in England. (1/10747)In 1974 we sent questionnaires on attachment and employment of nurses to 9214 general practices in England. There were 7863 replies (85%), of which 551 were excluded from the study. A total of 2654 nurses were directly employed by 24% (1774) of the practices, and 68% (4972) had attached nurses. Practices in health centres were larger and had greater nursing resources than those in other premises. We suggest that practices may employ nurses to compensate for ineffective nursing attachments, and we conclude that general-practice-employed nurses are becoming "professionalised". (+info)
Vitamin D status in different subgroups of British Asians. (2/10747)To assess the effect of religious dietary practices and social customs on the vitamin D status of Asian immigrants, we kept records of the dietary intake and time spent out of doors of 81 Ugandan Asian men, women, and girls (9-19 years old). Sera were analysed for 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD3), and 28% of the subjects were found to have levels below the lower limit of normal. The (vegetarian) Hindus had the lowest dietary intakes, least time out of doors, and lowest serum 25-OHD3. The Goan (Roman Catholic) Asians, despite more pigmentation, had 25-OHD3 levels similar to those found among indigenous British people and had the most satisfactory vitamin D intakes. Among Asians, whose exposure to sunlight may be limited, dietary vitamin D becomes the major determinant of serum 25-OHD3. (+info)
Evaluating cost-effectiveness of diagnostic equipment: the brain scanner case. (3/10747)An approach to evaluating the cost-effectiveness of high-technology diagnostic equipment has been devised, using the introduction of computerised axial tomography (CAT) as a model. With the advent of CAT scanning, angiography and air encephalography have a reduced, though important, role in investigating intracranial disease, and the efficient use of conventional equipment requires the centralisation of neuroradiological services, which would result in major cash savings. In contrast, the pattern of demand for CAT scanning, in addition to the acknowledged clinical efficiency of the scanner and its unique role in the head-injured patient, ephasies the need for improved access to scanners. In the interest of the patients the pattern of service must change. (+info)
A chiropractic service arrangement for musculoskeletal complaints in industry: a pilot study. (4/10747)Chiropractic services are commonly used by workers with musculoskeletal problems, especially low back and neck complaints. Research into the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this approach is, however, difficult to design without prior pilot studies. This study followed 32 workers with these complaints attending one such service and used five measures of outcome over a 6-month period. These measured pain (VAS), disability (FLP), quality of life (SF-36), perceived benefit and satisfaction with care. Additionally, sickness costs to the companies were recorded over two years encompassing the study period. Treatment utilization was also monitored. Over half the population were chronic sufferers. The effect sizes were large for pain and for seven out of eight dimensions of the SF-36 questionnaire at 6-month follow-up, although not for disability (FLP). High levels of satisfaction and perceived improvement were reported and sickness costs to the companies fell. However, the sample size in this pilot study was small and did not include controls. We would, therefore, recommend a full cost-effectiveness study incorporating a randomized trial in this area. (+info)
Latex glove allergy among hospital employees: a study in the north-west of England. (5/10747)The frequency of use and duration of wearing latex gloves among hospital employees has increased due to concerns about AIDS and hepatitis. In many countries there is increased consciousness about latex sensitization. In the UK, the Medical Device Agency has been monitoring latex allergy for a number of years but has not found any conclusive evidence of any significant problem. We report following a detailed questionnaire study in two hospitals in the north-west of England. A total of 1,827 members of staff were questioned about latex allergy at work. One hundred and twenty-four (7%) of these hospital employees had experienced symptoms strongly suggestive of latex allergy. Of this group, 56 had a-RAST test (IgE specific to latex), which was positive in seven (12.5%). There was a history of atopy in 31%, and a family history of atopy in 17% of the individuals. As a result of the study it was found that 17% (21 of the affected individuals) had already changed their working practice by using latex-free gloves. We were able to increase awareness of latex allergy within the hospitals. Both individuals and health care organizations need to be aware of the problem and hospital organizations should encourage staff to seek guidance to address the problem and, if necessary, to take appropriate measures to improve working practices. Practical guidelines are given with regard to identifying the problem and glove use for hospital staff. (+info)
Respiratory symptoms among glass bottle workers--cough and airways irritancy syndrome? (6/10747)Glass bottle workers have been shown to experience an excess of respiratory symptoms. This work describes in detail the symptoms reported by a cohort of 69 symptomatic glass bottle workers. Symptoms, employment history and clinical investigations including radiology, spirometry and serial peak expiratory flow rate records were retrospectively analyzed from clinical records. The results showed a consistent syndrome of work-related eye, nose and throat irritation followed after a variable period by shortness of breath. The latent interval between starting work and first developing symptoms was typically 4 years (median = 4 yrs; range = 0-28). The interval preceding the development of dysponea was longer and much more variable (median = 16 yrs; range = 3-40). Spirometry was not markedly abnormal in the group but 57% of workers had abnormal serial peak expiratory flow rate charts. Workers in this industry experience upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms consistent with irritant exposure. The long-term functional significance of these symptoms should be formally investigated. (+info)
Delay in presentation of patients with acute stroke to hospital in Oxford. (7/10747)We identified prospectively all patients (181 patients, 183 episodes) admitted to hospital in Oxford with acute stroke from 1 January to 30 June 1997. Data were inadequate in 30, leaving 153 episodes in 151 patients (63 men, 90 women). Structured interviews were used to investigate the timing of events preceding admission. Most strokes (91%) occurred at home, and 36% of patients were alone. After a median delay of 15 min, 56% called a GP (median 30 min response), 41% an ambulance (median 48 min to admission), and 3% went directly to A&E. Median time from hospital admission to doctor assessment was 69 min. Factors reducing delay were: initially calling an ambulance rather than a GP (p < 0.0001); onset not at home (p < 0.001); symptoms improving between onset and admission (p < 0.002); and altered consciousness (p < 0.002). The stroke was not recognized by 44% of patients, but no significant delay resulted. Overall, 31% were admitted within 3 h of onset, 46% within 6 h. Initial contact with the GP is a major determinant of delay. If acute therapies for stroke become available, GPs should be the primary targets for an educational initiative. (+info)
Natural sporting ability and predisposition to cardiovascular disorders. (8/10747)We tested the hypothesis that people with a natural ability in 'power sports' (a presumed marker for predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres) might have increased risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) compared to those with a natural ability in 'endurance sports' (as a marker for predominance of type 1, oxidative muscle fibres). We examined subsequent cardiovascular disorders retrospectively in 231 male former soldiers, aged 34-87 years, who had undergone a course in physical training in the Army School of Physical Training, Aldershot, UK, who assessed themselves as having natural ability in either power (n = 107) or endurance (n = 124) sports. The proportion with CHD, defined as angina and/or coronary angioplasty and/or coronary artery bypass graft and/or heart attack was 18.7% in the 'power group' vs. 9.7% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 3.9, p = 0.05). The proportions with CHD and/or risk factors rose to 39.3% in the 'power group' vs. 25.8% in the 'endurance group' (difference: chi 2 = 4.8, p = 0.03). Under logistic regression analysis, compared to the 'endurance group', the 'power group' had 2.2 (95% CI: 1.00-4.63) the risk of developing CHD, and 1.86 (95% confidence interval: 1.06 to 3.25) the risk of developing CHD and/or risk factors. Men with a natural ability in 'power sports' are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disorders, compared to men with a natural ability in 'endurance sports'. A predominance of type 2, glycolytic muscle fibres, presumably of genetic origin, may predispose to cardiovascular disorders. (+info)
In the medical field, "age factors" refer to the effects of aging on the body and its various systems. As people age, their bodies undergo a variety of changes that can impact their health and well-being. These changes can include: 1. Decreased immune function: As people age, their immune system becomes less effective at fighting off infections and diseases. 2. Changes in metabolism: Aging can cause changes in the way the body processes food and uses energy, which can lead to weight gain, insulin resistance, and other metabolic disorders. 3. Cardiovascular changes: Aging can lead to changes in the heart and blood vessels, including increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. 4. Cognitive changes: Aging can affect memory, attention, and other cognitive functions, which can lead to conditions such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease. 5. Joint and bone changes: Aging can cause changes in the joints and bones, including decreased bone density and increased risk of osteoporosis and arthritis. 6. Skin changes: Aging can cause changes in the skin, including wrinkles, age spots, and decreased elasticity. 7. Hormonal changes: Aging can cause changes in hormone levels, including decreased estrogen in women and decreased testosterone in men, which can lead to a variety of health issues. Overall, age factors play a significant role in the development of many health conditions and can impact a person's quality of life. It is important for individuals to be aware of these changes and to take steps to maintain their health and well-being as they age.
In the medical field, age distribution refers to the distribution of individuals within a population based on their age. It is a statistical measure that provides information about the age structure of a population, including the number and proportion of people in different age groups. Age distribution is important in medical research and public health because it can help identify patterns and trends in health outcomes, disease incidence, and mortality rates across different age groups. For example, age distribution can be used to identify which age groups are most at risk for certain diseases or conditions, and to develop targeted interventions to improve health outcomes in those groups. Age distribution can be measured in various ways, including by age range (e.g., 0-14 years, 15-24 years, etc.), by age group (e.g., children, adolescents, adults, seniors), or by age quintile (e.g., the first quintile includes the youngest 20% of the population, the second quintile includes the next 20%, etc.).
A death certificate is a legal document that confirms the death of an individual and provides information about the cause and circumstances of their death. It is typically issued by a medical examiner, coroner, or physician who was involved in the individual's care and is required by law in most countries. The death certificate is used for a variety of purposes, including settling financial affairs, determining eligibility for government benefits, and verifying the cause of death for insurance purposes. It typically includes information such as the individual's name, date and place of birth, date and place of death, and the cause and manner of death.
The term "Commitment of Mentally Ill" refers to the legal process by which a person who is diagnosed with a mental illness is placed under the care and custody of a mental health facility or institution. This process is typically initiated by a family member, friend, or healthcare professional who is concerned about the individual's safety or well-being. In most countries, there are specific legal procedures and criteria that must be met in order to involuntarily commit a person with a mental illness. These procedures typically involve a court hearing, during which a judge will consider evidence from mental health professionals and other witnesses to determine whether the individual meets the legal criteria for commitment. Once a person is committed, they are typically placed in a mental health facility or institution where they can receive treatment and care for their mental illness. The length of time that a person remains committed can vary depending on the severity of their illness and the effectiveness of their treatment. In some cases, a person may be released from commitment after a certain period of time, while in other cases they may remain committed indefinitely.
In the medical field, consultants are highly specialized medical professionals who provide expert advice and treatment to patients. They are typically board-certified in a specific medical specialty and have completed additional training and experience beyond the basic medical education required for physicians. Consultants may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, private practices, and research institutions. They may also work as independent contractors or as employees of a healthcare organization. Consultants are often called upon to provide second opinions or to diagnose and treat complex medical conditions that are beyond the scope of primary care physicians. They may also be involved in medical research, teaching, and training of other healthcare professionals. Overall, consultants play a critical role in the healthcare system by providing specialized expertise and improving patient outcomes.
Cross-sectional studies are a type of observational research design used in the medical field to examine the prevalence or distribution of a particular health outcome or risk factor in a population at a specific point in time. In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of individuals who are all measured at the same time, rather than following them over time. Cross-sectional studies are useful for identifying associations between health outcomes and risk factors, but they cannot establish causality. For example, a cross-sectional study may find that people who smoke are more likely to have lung cancer than non-smokers, but it cannot determine whether smoking causes lung cancer or if people with lung cancer are more likely to smoke. Cross-sectional studies are often used in public health research to estimate the prevalence of diseases or conditions in a population, to identify risk factors for certain health outcomes, and to compare the health status of different groups of people. They can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions or to identify potential risk factors for disease outbreaks.
In the medical field, bed occupancy refers to the percentage of available hospital beds that are currently occupied by patients. It is a key performance indicator for hospitals and healthcare systems, as it helps to determine the level of demand for hospital services and the capacity of the healthcare system to meet that demand. Bed occupancy is typically expressed as a percentage of the total number of beds available in a hospital or healthcare facility. For example, if a hospital has 100 beds and 80 of them are currently occupied, the bed occupancy rate would be 80%. Bed occupancy can be influenced by a variety of factors, including the number of patients being admitted to the hospital, the length of stay for patients, and the availability of alternative care settings such as ambulatory care centers or nursing homes. High bed occupancy rates can lead to longer wait times for patients, increased costs for the healthcare system, and potential patient safety issues.
Coroners and medical examiners are officials who are responsible for investigating deaths that occur suddenly or unexpectedly, or deaths that are deemed suspicious. They are also responsible for determining the cause of death and making a ruling on whether the death was natural, accidental, or the result of foul play. Coroners are typically elected officials who serve in a county or district, while medical examiners are appointed by the government and serve at the state or local level. They are responsible for conducting autopsies, which involve examining the body and its organs to determine the cause of death. They may also review medical records, interview witnesses, and consult with other medical professionals as part of their investigation. The findings of a coroner or medical examiner can have important legal and medical implications, and their reports may be used in court proceedings or to inform medical treatment decisions.
Dextropropoxyphene is a centrally acting analgesic medication that is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It is a synthetic opioid that is similar in structure to codeine and is available in both immediate-release and extended-release formulations. Dextropropoxyphene is often used to treat conditions such as headaches, back pain, and osteoarthritis. It is available both alone and in combination with other medications, such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) or aspirin. However, dextropropoxyphene has been associated with serious side effects, including respiratory depression, addiction, and liver damage, and its use has been restricted or banned in some countries.
In the medical field, "Asia" typically refers to the continent of Asia, which is home to a diverse range of cultures, languages, and ethnic groups. The region is known for its high population density, rapid economic growth, and unique healthcare systems. In the context of medicine, "Asia" may also refer to the prevalence of certain diseases or health conditions that are more common in this region, such as tuberculosis, hepatitis B, and certain types of cancer. Additionally, medical research and clinical trials may be conducted in Asia to study the effectiveness of new treatments or medications in this population. Overall, the term "Asia" in the medical field is used to describe the geographical region and its unique healthcare and epidemiological characteristics.
Cohort studies are a type of observational study in the medical field that involves following a group of individuals (a cohort) over time to identify the incidence of a particular disease or health outcome. The individuals in the cohort are typically selected based on a common characteristic, such as age, gender, or exposure to a particular risk factor. During the study, researchers collect data on the health and lifestyle of the cohort members, and then compare the incidence of the disease or health outcome between different subgroups within the cohort. This can help researchers identify risk factors or protective factors associated with the disease or outcome. Cohort studies are useful for studying the long-term effects of exposure to a particular risk factor, such as smoking or air pollution, on the development of a disease. They can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions or treatments for a particular disease. One of the main advantages of cohort studies is that they can provide strong evidence of causality, as the exposure and outcome are measured over a long period of time and in the same group of individuals. However, they can be expensive and time-consuming to conduct, and may be subject to biases if the cohort is not representative of the general population.
Open-Source Automated Insulin Delivery in Type 1 Diabetes - PubMed
PesEgy.Com PES2017 MiniFace england WC2018
England | University of Strathclyde
Salaries in England: Norfolk | PayScale
Commentaries on the laws of England | WorldCat.org
Email Signup - Six Flags New England
Urban Dictionary: New England Grape Picker
Chris Charles, Actor, England
Gardens in Merseyside, England
Identity and belonging at the frayed edge of England
England Online Counselling - Online Counselling England - Online Therapist England
Comic History of England by Bill Nye | Project Gutenberg
Harry Kane: England 'deserved draw' against Spain
Clowance Estate & Country Club Timeshares | Camborne, England
Smethwick: A Town in England • Magnum Photos
Stephen Pollard's Pictures of England
Boris Goldovsky | New England Conservatory
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Nyetimber Rosé NV West Sussex, England | Waitrose & Partners
Procurement Manager jobs | Full Time, England
India Vs England | The Asian Age
Le pong: French stench pollutes England
Sutton: Rooney's England return a 'gimmick'
Cycling participation England 2006-2016 | Statista
England, my England - Outsports
ISO New England Event
Petition · Ozzy Osbourne knighted by the Queen of England · Change.org
- Photograph: England and Wales Cricket Board/X Persistent rain on Saturday washed out the. (rediff.com)
- Nightingale Garden Company Limited, Company Registered Number: 06549733, Registered in England and Wales. (gardenvisit.com)
- Dr. Lamagni and colleagues document a sudden rise in the incidence of scarlet fever beginning in 2014 across England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. (medscape.com)
- On 30 November 2016, the Court of Appeal of England and Wales upheld the High Court of Justice of England and Wales's judgment on the United Kingdom's standardised (plain) tobacco packaging, dismissing an appeal brought by three tobacco companies and four tipping paper manufacturers. (who.int)
- Click here for listing and description on Historic England website. (jewishgen.org)
- this area includes Worcester, Massachusetts (the second-largest city in New England), Manchester, New Hampshire (the largest city in New Hampshire), and Providence, Rhode Island (the capital of and largest city in Rhode Island). (dbpedia.org)
- Passengers aboard an easyJet flight from Manchester, England, to Spain were going nowhere. (npr.org)
- Hospitals in England spend more on adalimumab than any other single medication, and now its patent has expired officials want doctors to consider swapping to biosimilars to gain up to £150m a year of savings. (medscape.com)
- CS trends were compared across health sectors (governmental, university, private, and military hospitals) and with trends in England, Lebanon and Islamic Republic of Iran. (who.int)
- The numbers of cases of scarlet fever that have been notified to us are surprisingly high, reaching over 19,000 in 2016," Dr. Theresa Lamagni from National Infection Service, Public Health England (PHE), London, UK, told Reuters Health by email. (medscape.com)
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- Richard Lion-Heart, son of Henry II, probably first chose 3 golden lions set one above each other on a red field as the Royal Arms of England. (victorianweb.org)
- Planned Parenthood of Northern New England is a tax exempt 501 (c)(3) organization. (plannedparenthood.org)
- The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. (wikipedia.org)
- Web site of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Massachusetts. (cyndislist.com)
- Emsley, C. Crime and society in England , 1750-1900. (bvs.br)
- New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. (dbpedia.org)
- In addition to these English Garden Finder entries, please see (1) Garden Tours in England (2) our 10 musical histories of garden and landscape design in the British Isles (3) our page on Prehistoric Landscapes and Gardens in the British Isles . (gardenvisit.com)
- NEFF has acquired 141 community forests throughout New England that cover over 26,000 acres. (guidestar.org)
- It provides details of the number of items and the Net Ingredient Cost (NIC) of all prescriptions dispensed in the community in England. (nhsbsa.nhs.uk)
- Ten general dental practitioners (GDPs) and 12 community dentists working in England . (bvsalud.org)
- Dentists' perceptions of their professional roles regarding referrals within primary dental care in England: a qualitative study. (bvsalud.org)
- To describe dentists ' perceptions of their professional roles , including the reasons why they make, accept or decline patient referrals within primary dental care in England . (bvsalud.org)
- England is home to the two oldest universities in the English-speaking world: the University of Oxford, founded in 1096, and the University of Cambridge, founded in 1209. (wikipedia.org)
- The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years later the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense. (wikipedia.org)
- American Ancestors: New England, New York, and Beyond. (cyndislist.com)
- Coscia's compositions have been performed by the New York Symphony, the Halifax Symphony, the New England Conservatory Symphony, the Municipal Band of Venice, the Detroit Concert Band, the Santa Fe Chamber Orchestra and the Goldman Band. (necmusic.edu)
- NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Scarlet fever is making a comeback in England, where diagnosis rates have reached the highest levels in nearly 50 years. (medscape.com)
- Health research in England : a topic for debate, based on the proceedings of a symposium chaired by Professor Sir John Butterfield at the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists on the 11 September 1980 / written by David Taylor, with an appendix by Alan Williams. (who.int)
- IMAGE: Defending champions England led by Jos Buttler will be one of the top favourites at World Cup 2023. (rediff.com)
- Upon Coscia's death, his widow Virginia Coscia donated many of his compositions to the library at New England Conservatory. (necmusic.edu)
- A general not personal genealogy blog about research finds and tips, writing and publishing your genealogy, New England witch hunts, etc. (cyndislist.com)
- A variety of information of interest to those involved in genealogical research in New England, with an emphasis is on tools and resources, on and off the internet. (cyndislist.com)
- The earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately 780,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
- The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
- Nearly 8.5 million acres of New England forests have been lost to development or fragmentation over the last 120 years. (guidestar.org)
- CDC will host a PHONE ONLY press briefing to discuss two New England Journal of Medicine articles by CDC authors on H1N1 Flu. (cdc.gov)
- Despite blowing leads of 14-0 and 28-13, New England held its ground as Tom Brady threw for 350 yards and three touchdowns before Adam Vinatieri kicked a game-winning 29-yard field goal with 17 seconds left. (patriots.com)
- Historic New England is committed to implementing reparative language description for existing collections and creating respectful and inclusive language description for new collections. (historicnewengland.org)
- Notifications of laboratory-confirmed invasive group A streptococcal infections followed the same seasonal pattern as scarlet fever - a rise through winter with a peak in early spring - and throat isolates obtained across England from patients with scarlet fever identified a genetically diverse population with 16 different "emm" gene types represented. (medscape.com)
- Published quarterly since 1847, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register is the flagship journal of American genealogy and the oldest in the field, focusing on authoritative compiled genealogies. (cyndislist.com)
- Denver owns the league's second-best rushing attack and New England must prepare for two threats out of the Broncos' backfield -- Tatum Bell and Mike Anderson. (patriots.com)
- It is administered by subcutaneous injection and NHS England says it is currently used by more than 46,000 patients. (medscape.com)