A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.
Set of instructions about how to prepare food for eating using specific instructions.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.
The first meal of the day.
Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.
The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Non-steroidal chemical compounds with abortifacient activity.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.
Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.
A sulfonic acid-based naphthylazo dye used as a coloring agent for foodstuffs and medicines and as a dye and chemical indicator. It was banned by the FDA in 1976 for use in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Electrophoresis in which a pH gradient is established in a gel medium and proteins migrate until they reach the site (or focus) at which the pH is equal to their isoelectric point.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
2-Deoxy-D-arabino-hexose. An antimetabolite of glucose with antiviral activity.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.

Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population. (1/6589)

OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. PARTICIPANTS: Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women). METHOD: A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits. Information was obtained by interview. RESULTS: Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age. Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of < or = 300 mg; 60% had a fat intake < or = 30% of total energy; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats < or = 10%; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health. Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age. Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. The awareness of the value of wholemeal bread and polyunsaturated fat spreads was lower in this population compared with that in Australia. There was a marked difference in types of cooking oil compared with Singaporeans, the latter using more coconut/palm/mixed vegetable oils. CONCLUSION: Although the current intake pattern for cardiovascular health for fat, saturated fatty acid, and cholesterol fall within the recommended range for over 50% of the population, follow up surveys to monitor the pattern would be needed. Decreasing salt consumption, increasing calcium intake, and increasing the awareness of the health value of fibre may all be beneficial in the context of chronic disease prevention.  (+info)

Prior protein intake may affect phenylalanine kinetics measured in healthy adult volunteers consuming 1 g protein. kg-1. d-1. (2/6589)

Study of the amino acid metabolism of vulnerable groups, such as pregnant women, children and patients, is needed. Our existing protocol is preceded by 2 d of adaptation to a low 13C formula diet at a protein intake of 1 g. kg-1. d-1 to minimize variations in breath 13CO2 enrichment and protein metabolism. To expand on our potential study populations, a less invasive protocol needs to be developed. We have already established that a stable background 13CO2 enrichment can be achieved on the study day without prior adaptation to the low 13C formula. Therefore, this study investigates phenylalanine kinetics in response to variations in prior protein intake. Healthy adult subjects were each fed nutritionally adequate mixed diets containing 0.8, 1.4 and 2.0 g protein. kg-1. d-1 for 2 d. On d 3, subjects consumed an amino acid-based formula diet containing the equivalent of 1 g protein. kg-1. d-1 hourly for 10 h and primed hourly oral doses of L-[1-13C]phenylalanine for the final 6 h. Phenylalanine kinetics were calculated from plasma-free phenylalanine enrichment and breath 13CO2 excretion. A significant quadratic response of prior protein intake on phenylalanine flux (P = 0.012) and oxidation (P = 0.009) was identified, such that both variables were lower following adaptation to a protein intake of 1.4 g. kg-1. d-1. We conclude that variations in protein intake, between 0.8 and 2.0 g. kg-1. d-1, prior to the study day may affect amino acid kinetics and; therefore, it is prudent to continue to control protein intake prior to an amino acid kinetics study.  (+info)

Thiamine deficiency is prevalent in a selected group of urban Indonesian elderly people. (3/6589)

This cross-sectional study involved 204 elderly individuals (93 males and 111 females). Subjects were randomly recruited using a list on which all 60-75 y-old-people living in seven sub-villages in Jakarta were included. The usual food intake was estimated using semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires. Hemoglobin, plasma retinol, vitamin B-12, red blood cell folate and the percentage stimulation of erythrocyte transketolase (ETK), as an indicator of thiamine status, were analyzed. Median energy intake was below the assessed requirement. More than 75% of the subjects had iron and thiamine intakes of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake, and 20.2% of the study population had folate intake of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake. Intakes of vitamins A and B-12 were adequate. Biochemical assessments demonstrated that 36.6% of the subjects had low thiamine levels (ETK stimulation > 25%). The elderly men tended to have lower thiamine levels than the elderly women. The overall prevalence of anemia was 28.9%, and the elderly women were affected more than the elderly men. Low biochemical status of vitamins A, B-12 and RBC folate was found in 5.4%, 8.8 % and 2.9% of the subjects, respectively. Dietary intakes of thiamine and folate were associated with ETK stimulation and plasma vitamin B-12 concentration (r = 0.176, P = 0.012 and r = 0.77, P = 0.001), respectively. Results of this study suggest that anemia, thiamine and possibly vitamin B-12 deficiency are prevalent in the elderly living in Indonesia. Clearly, micronutrient supplementation may be beneficial for the Indonesian elderly population living in underprivileged areas.  (+info)

The sodium concentration of enteral diets does not influence absorption of nutrients but induces intestinal secretion of water in miniature pigs. (4/6589)

Contradictory opinions exist as to whether the sodium concentration of enteral diets influences absorption of macronutrients and transepithelial movement of sodium and water. Therefore, we investigated the effects of various sodium concentrations of enteral diets on absorption of macronutrients and on net fluxes of sodium and water. In unanesthetized miniature pigs, a 150-cm jejunal segment was perfused with an oligopeptide (Peptisorb), an oligomeric and a polymeric diet. The polymeric diet was supplemented with pancreatic enzymes. The sodium concentrations varied between 30 and 150 mmol/L. The energy density was 3.4 MJ/L. The sodium concentration of the diets did not influence absorption of macronutrients and of total energy. However, increasing sodium concentrations of the diets were associated with increasing osmolality of the solutions, resulting in a linear increase in net secretion of water and flow rate of chyme. With all diets and sodium concentrations net secretion of sodium occurred. The sodium secretion was independent of the initial sodium concentration of the diets. It was linearly correlated with net flux of water and was largest in miniature pigs infused with the oligomeric diet. The sodium concentration of the jejunal effluent did not correspond to the initial sodium concentration of the diets. The present results indicate that enteral feeding of diets with high energy density inevitably increases net secretion of water and sodium as sodium concentration increases. Therefore, the sodium concentration of diets should be as low as possible to meet only the minimal daily requirement of sodium. Low sodium concentrations of diets have no negative effects on absorption of macronutrients.  (+info)

Descriptive analysis of eating regulation in obese and nonobese children. (5/6589)

Bite rate, sip rate, and concurrent activities of six 7-yr-old children, three obese and three nonobese, were observed at lunchtime over a six-month period. A procedure for decreasing bite rate, putting eating utensils down between bites, was implemented in a multiple-baseline across-subjects design. Sip rates and concurrent activities were observed to assess behavioral covariations. In addition, bite rate and amount of food completed were computed over six food categories to analyze food preferences. Results indicated the control of bite rate acorss all subjects, with a significant reduction in amount of food consumed. Correlations between the response classes indicated they were at least partially independent. Differences in eating behavior of obese and nonobese subjects were observed for breadstuffs and milk drinking.  (+info)

Regulation of fatty acid homeostasis in cells: novel role of leptin. (6/6589)

It is proposed that an important function of leptin is to confine the storage of triglycerides (TG) to the adipocytes, while limiting TG storage in nonadipocytes, thus protecting them from lipotoxicity. The fact that TG content in nonadipocytes normally remains within a narrow range, while that of adipocytes varies enormously with food intake, is consistent with a system of TG homeostasis in normal nonadipocytes. The facts that when leptin receptors are dysfunctional, TG content in nonadipocytes such as islets can increase 100-fold, and that constitutively expressed ectopic hyperleptinemia depletes TG, suggest that leptin controls the homeostatic system for intracellular TG. The fact that the function and viability of nonadipocytes is compromised when their TG content rises above or falls below the normal range suggests that normal homeostasis of their intracellular TG is critical for optimal function and to prevent lipoapoptosis. Thus far, lipotoxic diabetes of fa/fa Zucker diabetic fatty rats is the only proven lipodegenerative disease, but the possibility of lipotoxic disease of skeletal and/or cardiac muscle may require investigation, as does the possible influence of the intracellular TG content on autoimmune and neoplastic processes.  (+info)

Influences of low intensity exercise on body composition, food intake and aerobic power of sedentary young females. (7/6589)

The present study was designed to investigate the influences of aerobic training on the body composition, aerobic power and food intake of sedentary young females in relation to the initial levels of these variables. Thirty one untrained college females (age = 19.8 +/- 0.2 yr, stature = 154.4 +/- 0.8 cm, body mass = 53.3 +/- 1.2 kg, mean +/- SEM) participated in an exercise regimen consisting of 40% of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) for 30 minutes per day on a bicycle ergometer 5 times a week in a training period of 12 weeks. Food consumption was ad libitum but the content of daily food intake was recorded accurately throughout the whole training period and analyzed weekly. The average body mass index (BMI) and fat mass relative to body mass (% FM), estimated from the data of skinfold thickness, decreased significantly after the 12 wk training. There were significant negative correlations between the relative changes (% delta s) and initial levels of both body mass (r = -0.447, p < 0.05) and fat mass (r = -0.638, p < 0.05), but the corresponding correlation for lean body mass (LBM) was not significant (r = 0.186, p > 0.05). While the energy intake during the training period did not differ significantly from that during the control period on the average, the % delta value in energy intake between the two periods was negatively correlated to the energy intake during the control period (r = -0.604, p < 0.05). In addition, there were low but significant negative correlations between both the initial levels of BMI and %FM and % delta in energy intake; r = -0.413 (p < 0.05) for BMI and r = -0.393 (p < 0.05) for %FM. However, no significant correlations were found between % delta in energy intake and those in body composition variables (r = 0.116 to 0.237, p > 0.05). On the average VO2max relative to body mass (VO2max/BM) increased significantly, but VO2max relative to LBM (VO2max/LBM) did not. However, not only VO2max/BM but also VO2max/LBM was negatively correlated to the initial level; r = -0.671 (p < 0.05) for VO2max/BM and r = -0.625 for VO2max/LBM. Thus, the present results indicate that whether the body composition, food intake and aerobic power of sedentary young females can be modified by the exercise regimen eliciting 40% of VO2max depends on their initial levels.  (+info)

Evaluation of life-cycle herd efficiency in cow-calf systems of beef production. (8/6589)

A deterministic beef efficiency model (BEM) was used to evaluate life-cycle herd efficiency (LCHE) in cow-calf beef production systems using four breed groups of beef cattle. The breed groups were Beef Synthetic #1 (SY1), Beef Synthetic #2 (SY2), Dairy Synthetic (DS), and purebred Hereford (HE). The LCHE was defined over the lifetime of the herd as the ratio of total output (lean meat equivalent) to total input (feed equivalent). Breed differences in LCHE were predicted with the larger/slower maturing DS being most efficient at each age of herd disposal and reproductive rate. This was mainly because, at any average age at culling, the dams of DS breed group were less mature and so had been carrying relatively lower maintenance loads for shorter periods and positively influencing LCHE. Higher LCHE was predicted with improvement in reproductive performance if there were no associated extra costs. However, this declined markedly if there was a delay in marketing of offspring. As average age at culling increased from 4 to 6 yr, efficiency declined sharply, but it began to recover beyond this age in most breed groups. We concluded that the slower maturing DS breed group may be more efficient on a herd basis in cow-calf systems and that improvements in reproductive rate not associated with extra costs improve life-cycle efficiency. Culling cows soon after their replacements are produced seems efficient.  (+info)

In order to determine your daily caloric intake you must first understand your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR). Your BMR is the minimum number of calories required for your body to sustain daily functions such as: breathing, heart beat, circulation, brain functions, managing hormones, etc. An individuals BMR can be calculated on a body composition machine or by using a BMR calculator or formula ...
In order to determine your daily caloric intake you must first understand your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR). Your BMR is the minimum number of calories required for your body to sustain daily functions such as: breathing, heart beat, circulation, brain functions, managing hormones, etc. An individuals BMR can be calculated on a body composition machine or by using a BMR calculator or formula ...
The level of dietary energy intake influences metabolism, reproductive function, the development of age-related diseases, and even cognitive behavior. Because males and females typically play different roles in the acquisition and allocation of energy resources, we reasoned that dietary energy intake might differentially affect the brains of males and females at the molecular level. To test this hypothesis, we performed a gene array analysis of the hippocampus in male and female rats that had been maintained for 6 months on either ad libitum (control), 20% caloric restriction (CR), 40% CR, intermittent fasting (IF) or high fat/high glucose (HFG) diets. These diets resulted in expected changes in body weight, and circulating levels of glucose, insulin and leptin. However, the CR diets significantly increased the size of the hippocampus of females, but not males. Multiple genes were regulated coherently in response to energy restriction diets in females, but not in males. Functional physiological pathway
Prior to the study intervention, the mean ± SD dietary intake for both groups was 2128 ± 993 kcal, 245 ± 136 g of carbohydrate (46% of daily energy intake), 86 ± 33 g of protein (18% of daily energy intake), 88 ± 57 g of fat (36% of daily energy intake). Over the 24-week duration of the intervention, the LCKD group consumed 1550 ± 440 kcal per day, 49 ± 33 g of carbohydrate (13% of daily energy intake), 108 ± 33 g of protein (28% of daily energy intake), 101 ± 35 g of fat (59% of daily energy intake). In comparison, the LGID group consumed 1335 ± 372 kcal per day, 149 ± 46 g of carbohydrate (44% of daily energy intake), 67 ± 20 g of protein (20% of daily energy intake), 55 ± 23 g of fat (36% of daily energy intake). There was no difference in self-reported exercise between the groups: the mean number of exercise sessions per week increased from 2.0 ± 2.0 to 3.0 ± 2.0 for the LCKD group and from 2.2 ± 2.2 to 3.8 ± 2.9 for the LGID group (p = 0.39 for comparison ...
Prior to the study intervention, the mean ± SD dietary intake for both groups was 2128 ± 993 kcal, 245 ± 136 g of carbohydrate (46% of daily energy intake), 86 ± 33 g of protein (18% of daily energy intake), 88 ± 57 g of fat (36% of daily energy intake). Over the 24-week duration of the intervention, the LCKD group consumed 1550 ± 440 kcal per day, 49 ± 33 g of carbohydrate (13% of daily energy intake), 108 ± 33 g of protein (28% of daily energy intake), 101 ± 35 g of fat (59% of daily energy intake). In comparison, the LGID group consumed 1335 ± 372 kcal per day, 149 ± 46 g of carbohydrate (44% of daily energy intake), 67 ± 20 g of protein (20% of daily energy intake), 55 ± 23 g of fat (36% of daily energy intake). There was no difference in self-reported exercise between the groups: the mean number of exercise sessions per week increased from 2.0 ± 2.0 to 3.0 ± 2.0 for the LCKD group and from 2.2 ± 2.2 to 3.8 ± 2.9 for the LGID group (p = 0.39 for comparison ...
The purpose of this study was to validate estimated energy intake from a web-based food recall, designed for children and adolescents. We directly compared energy intake to estimates of total energy expenditure, calculated from accelerometer outputs, combined with data on weight and sex or resting energy expenditure prediction equations. Children (8-9 years) and adolescents (12-14 years) were recruited through schools in Norway in 2013 (N = 253). Results showed that more than one third (36-37%) were identified as under-reporters of energy. In contrast, only 2-4% were defined as over-reporters of energy. The mean energy intake was under-reported with -1.83 MJ/day for the entire study sample. Increased underestimation was observed for overweight and obese participants, the oldest age group (12-14 years), boys, those with parents/legal guardians with low educational level and those living in non-traditional families. In conclusion, energy intake from the web-based food recall is significantly
Energy intake and renal function decrease with age. In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), spontaneous food intake decreases in parallel with the loss of renal function. The objective of the present study was to evaluate a possible relationship between renal dysfunction and energy intake in elderly community-dwelling men. A cross-sectional study including 1087 men aged 70 years from the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM) community-based cohort was carried out. Dietary intake was assessed using 7 d food records, and glomerular filtration rate was estimated from serum cystatin C concentrations. Energy intake was normalised by ideal body weight, and macronutrient intake was energy-adjusted. The median normalised daily energy intake was 105 (interquartile range 88-124) kJ, and directly correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) as determined by univariate analysis. Across the decreasing quartiles of eGFR, a significant trend of decreasing normalised energy ...
Background: Physical activity and energy intake are the two most variable components of energy balance and their association with obesity has been studied separately throughout literature. Despite their important role in energy balance, there is limited evidence describing the direct association between physical activity and energy intake. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between energy intake and physical activity levels across categories of BMI in adolescent females from the SuNDiAL project. Design: Adolescent females aged 15-18 y were recruited from eight locations around New Zealand to participate in the SuNDiAL project. Physical activity was measured using ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometers worn on the right hip 24 hours a day for seven days. Energy intake was measured via two 24-hour dietary recalls and adjusted to represent usual intake using MSM. Height and weight were used to calculate BMI, and WHO growth standards were used to calculate z-scores to ...
Ten men keeping food and activity diaries for 60 days illustrated the relationship between food energy intake and the activity pattern. During the first 30 days the men ate normally. During the second 30 days the men voluntarily ate a restricted diet with an average deficit of 500 kcal/day. The food energy intake deficit was created by prohibiting calorically dense fats and refined sugars and encouraging consumption of high-volume-to-calorie foods such as grains and cereals. The men were unable to adjust to the higher volume of food required to maintain their usual food energy intake. The major activity pattern changes during the restricted-intake phase were: a reduction in standing at leisure of 12 min/day (p | .0001); a reduction in walking of 17.2 min/day (p | .0001); and an increase in sitting at leisure of 18.9 min/day (p | .003). No significant change in studying or sleeping was observed. Thus, the activity pattern was modified. Lower-effort discretionary activities were substituted for higher
TY - JOUR. T1 - Eating rate of commonly consumed foods promotes food and energy intake. AU - Viskaal-van Dongen, M.. AU - Kok, F.J.. AU - de Graaf, C.. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - We investigated the eating rate of commonly consumed foods and the associations with food intake and macronutrient composition. Ingestion time (s) of 50 g of 45 foods was measured to assess eating rate (g/min), after which ad libitum food intake (g) was measured. Thirteen men and 24 women (aged 23.3 (SD 3.4) y, BMI 21.7 (SD 1.7) kg/m2) participated, each testing 7 foods in separate sessions. We observed large differences in eating rate between foods, ranging from 4.2 (SD 3.7) to 631 (SD 507) g/min. Eating rate was positively associated with food intake (ß = 0.55) and energy intake (ß = 0.001). Eating rate was inversely associated with energy density (ß = -0.00047) and positively with water content (ß = 0.011). Carbohydrate (ß = -0.012), protein (ß = -0.021) and fiber content (ß = -0.087) were inversely associated ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Limits to sustained energy intake IX: a review of hypotheses. AU - Speakman, J R AU - Krol, E PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - Several lines of evidence indicate that animals in the wild may be limited in their maximal rates of energy intake by their intrinsic physiology rather than food availability. Understanding the limits to sustained energy intake is important because this defines an envelope within which animals must trade-off competing activities. In the first part of this review, we consider the initial ideas that propelled this area and experimental evidence connected with them. An early conceptual advance in this field was the idea that energy intake could be centrally limited by aspects of the digestive process, or peripherally limited at the sites of energy utilisation. A model system that has been widely employed to explore these ideas is lactation in small rodents. Initial studies in the late 1980s indicated that energy intake might be centrally limited, but work by ...
Feel full on fewer calories? It might sound like another gimmick for weight loss, but its not. The concept of energy density really can help with weight loss.. In fact, well-planned weight-loss diets, such as the Mayo Clinic Diet, use the concept of energy density to help you lose weight and keep it off long term.. Simply put, energy density is the number of calories (energy) in a specific amount of food. High energy density means that there are a lot of calories in a little food. Low energy density means there are few calories in a lot of food.. When youre striving for weight loss, the goal is to eat low-energy-dense foods. That is, you want to eat a greater volume of food thats lower in calories. This helps you feel fuller on fewer calories.. Heres a quick example with raisins and grapes. Raisins have a high energy density - 1 cup of raisins has about 434 calories. Grapes have a low energy density - 1 cup of grapes has about 82 calories.. Three main factors play a role in what makes food ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Satiety responsiveness in toddlerhood predicts energy intake and weight status at four years of age. AU - Mallan, Kimberley. AU - Nambiar, Smita. AU - Magarey, Anthea. AU - Daniels, Lynne. PY - 2014/3/1. Y1 - 2014/3/1. N2 - The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal-report of child eating behaviour at two years predicted self-regulation of energy intake and weight status at four years. Using an eating in the absence of hunger paradigm, childrens energy intake (kJ) from a semi-standardized lunch meal and a standardized selection of snacks were measured. Participants were 37 mother-child dyads (16 boys, Median child age. =4.4. years, Inter-quartile range. =3.7-4.5. years) recruited from an existing longitudinal study (NOURISH randomised controlled trial). All participants were tested in their own home. Details of maternal characteristics, child eating behaviours (at age two years) reported by mothers on a validated questionnaire, and measured child height and weight ...
High calorie dog food comes in all shapes and sizes, and sometimes isnt all it promises to be. When you own a dog requiring a high calorie diet, that doesnt mean junk food, treats and high fat content. High calorie dog foods should provide essential minerals and proteins from high quality sources, and not simply contain loads of carbohydrates and fat. Protein derived from grains is considered incomplete, as it does not provide all the the essential amino acids required by a dogs body. Ingredients should always include protein from a real meat source. Avoid meat byproducts or meat and bone meals. ...
In the past two decades overweight and obesity rates in children (ages 2-19) have risen from 5% to 17%, with toddlers (ages 2-5) at 10%. Among children and adolescents the consumption of low-energy-dense foods, such as fruit and vegetables (F&Vs), remain below current recommendations. Therefore, strategies to increase low-energy-dense F&V intake and decrease high-energy-dense food intake aimed at young children are essential. Antecedents, or cues, can trigger eating. Therefore, manipulating food presentation can be utilized to produce certain behaviors. Dietary variety and course sequence are two examples of this relationship. It has been well established that high dietary variety leads to greater consumption patterns compared to low DV diets in adults. High DV has only been tested with problematic foods, and not with the goal of increasing F&V intake. Additionally, serving a first course meal can act as a preload to decrease intake of the second course entrée. Dietary variety and course ...
Our paper estimated beverage intake using data collected from a food frequency questionnaire.1 We adjusted our findings for energy intake derived from the food frequency questionnaire. Dr Archer questions the validity of this approach and quotes a group of eminent epidemiologists2 to support his stance. The paper cited by Dr Archer explains that the energy intake estimates in question should not be used as an exposure variable. However, these researchers also explicitly state that one should use self-reported energy intake for energy adjustment of other self-reported dietary constituents to improve risk estimation in studies of diet-health associations.2 The improved validity after adjusting nutrient intakes for self-reported energy intake is clearly demonstrated in the OPEN study (Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition) for food frequency questionnaire-derived protein intake.3 Because we used energy intake derived from the food frequency questionnaire as a covariate and not as an exposure, our ...
To explore the gender differences in the relationship between dietary energy and macronutrients intake and body weight outcomes in Chinese adults. Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, 2015) for10,898 participants aged 18-64 years. Three consecutive 24-h dietary recalls was used to assess the dietary intake. Quantile regression models for body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were performed separately for each sex. Adult males showed greater absolute intakes of energy and macronutrients as compared to females as per the body weight outcomes. A 10% increase in BMI resulted in an additional intake of 0.002-0.004 kcal/d of dietary energy, 0.032-0.057 g/d of fats, 0.039-0.084 g/d of proteins, and 0.018-0.028 g/d of carbohydrates across all quantiles in males (p | 0.05). A 10% increase in WC lead to an additional intake of 0.004-0.008 kcal/d of dietary energy, 0.051-0.052 g/d of carbohydrates across the entire quantile in males (p | 0.05), and an increased intake of 0.060-0
A growth study (60 barrows averaging 125.4 lb) was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary energy density on growth performance of finishing pigs treated with porcine somatotropin (pST). Barrows were blocked on weight and allotted randomly to pens (2 barrows/pen, 5 pens/treatment). Barrows were injected daily with 4 mg pST and fed six experimental diets with four energy densities (1.37, 1.48, 1.60, or 1.71 Meal ME/lb) and four lysinc:energy ratios (4.0, 3.7, 3.4, or 3.2 g lysine/Mcal ME). Diets were formulated to contain at least 200% of NRC (1988) recommendations for essential nutrients. Increasing dietary energy density and adjusting the lysine:energy ratio to maintain 3.4 g lysine/Mcal ME decreased average daily feed intake and improved feed efficiency, but did not affect average daily gain. Increasing dietary energy density without adjusting the lysine:energy ratio increased average daily gain, decreased average daily feed intake, and improved feed efficiency linearly. These results indicate
During adolescence, a shift from morningness to eveningness occurs, yet school continues to start early in the morning. Hence, adolescents are at risk for social jetlag, i.e. a discrepancy between biological and social timing. It remains to be determined whether chronotype associates with daily and daytime-specific eating patterns during this potentially critical period. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether chronotype is decisive for daily eating patterns [total energy intake (TEI, kcal), total macronutrient intake (% of TEI), eating occasion frequency (n/day), meal frequency (n/day), snack frequency (n/day), duration of nightly fasting], or daytime-specific eating patterns [morning (before 11 am) energy intake (% of TEI), morning macronutrient intake (% of morning energy intake), regular breakfast skipping (no morning energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no), evening (after 6 pm) energy intake (% of TEI), evening macronutrient intake (% of evening energy ...
In this analysis of nationally representative data, we found that ultra-processed foods contribute to more than 40% of total daily energy intake of Australians. These foods are predominantly mass-produced packaged breads, ready meals, fast food dishes and pastries, buns and cakes. As ultra-processed food consumption increases, these foods tend to displace unprocessed and minimally processed foods and their culinary preparations, including the five core food groups recommended by the Australian Dietary Guidelines (ADGs).30 The dietary content of free sugars; total, saturated and trans fats; sodium and the dietary energy density, all increased significantly as the energy share of ultra-processed foods increased, while an inverse association was found for the dietary content of fibre and potassium. The prevalence of non-recommended intake levels of all studied nutrients linked to NCDs increased linearly across quintiles of ultra-processed food intake.. In other high-income countries, ...
Daily Calorie Calculator. HotScripts Calculators from Hot Scripts. What is your ideal body weight for your gender and height? Do you have excessive body fat? What is your recommended daily caloric intake according to
This study investigated the extent to which the effects of ad libitum consumption of a high-CHO diet vs. a high-MUFA diet on the lipid profile are modulated by concurrent changes in anthropometry and body composition in men. We report that both high-CHO and high-MUFA diets consumed ad libitum were associated with a moderate but significant body weight loss and with beneficial reductions in total plasma cholesterol and LDL-C levels. Because our subjects did not apparently modify their physical activities during the study, the diet-induced weight loss is most likely to have resulted from a reduction in daily energy intake. Surprisingly, energy intakes during the experiment did not differ from usual daily energy intakes measured at baseline. We believe that this apparent inconsistency may be largely explained by underreporting of energy intake measured at baseline (19) , although the limitations of 3-day dietary records as a tool to adequately assess usual energy intake may also be evoked (20) . ...
Laboratory animals fed a high-fat, high-calorie diet showed a rapid increase in body weight, heart rate, blood pressure, and glomerular filtration rate. The rabbits developed tachycardia (fast heart rate) and retained sodium. The changes occurred very quickly after the rabbits were placed on the high-fat diet. A single high-fat meal is capable of impairing vasodilation…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Buying less and wasting less food. Changes in household food energy purchases, energy intakes and energy density between 2007 and 2012 with and without adjustment for food waste. AU - Whybrow, Stephen. AU - Horgan, Graham W.. AU - Macdiarmid, Jennie I.. N1 - Acknowledgements Financial support: This work was supported by the Scottish Governments Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services (RESAS) Division. RESAS had no role in the design, analysis or writing of this article. Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Kantar Worldpanel had no role in study design or data analysis. Authorship: S.W. was responsible for formulating the research question and analysing the data. G.W.H provided statistical advice. S.W., J.I.M. and G.W.H. contributed to the preparation of the manuscript. Ethics of human subject participation: Not applicable.. PY - 2017/5. Y1 - 2017/5. N2 - Consumers in the UK responded to the rapid increases in food ...
Adequate nutritional therapy and research have been crucial for diabetes and obesity. Recent topics include Calorie restriction (CR) and Low Carbohydrate Diet (LCD). It is rather difficult to calculate energy intake in person, and also to calculate the energy of the meal. There are some methods for investigating these factors, such as the total energy expenditure (TEE), physical-activity-related energy expenditure (PAEE), metabolic equivalent (MET) values, and the doubly-labeled water (DLW) method. Multi factors would be involved in the study. Further investigation would be expected for the determination of an appropriate amount of energy intake and meal energy in the future.
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies showed that calorie restriction decreased blood pressure and plasma lipid, and increased longevity. However, impact of total energy intake (EI) on mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) including types of CVD has not been studied. We assessed the hypothesis that lower EI was associated with decreased risk of CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke mortality.. Methods: We studied the association between EI and mortality form all CVD, CHD, and stroke using the National Integrated Project for Prospective Observation of Noncommunicable Disease and Its Trends in the Aged (NIPPON DATA80) database with a 24-year follow-up. We followed a random sample of 8,825 Japanese aged ≥30 years (mean age, 50.0 years at baseline in 1980; 43.3% men) without history of CVD, kidney disease, or diabetes. Those with lack of information about EI or extreme EI (sex-specific intake of highest or lowest 0.5%) were also excluded. EI was calculated from a 3 days weighed food record ...
Artificial photosynthesis could supply the Earth with fuels of high energy density such as hydrogen, methane or methanol while reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere and slowing down climate change.
lipogenesis and hypercaloric diet programs are believed to donate to increased body fat mass, particularly in belly fat depots. (ERK-p), which participates in the CB1-mediated signalling pathway, was markedly within the PrAT of obese rats. ERK-p was significantly repressed by AM251 indicating that CB1 is in fact practical in PrAT of obese pets, though its activation loses the capability to stimulate lipogenesis in PrAT of MLN518 obese rats. However, the remnant manifestation degrees of lipogenic transcription elements within HCHD-fed rats remain reliant on CB1 activity. Therefore, in HCHD-induced weight problems, CB1 blockade can help to help expand potentiate the reduced amount of lipogenesis in PrAT through inducing down-regulation from the and gene manifestation, and therefore in the manifestation of lipogenic enzymes. Intro During the last two decades many reports show that medical risks related to weight problems are particularly from the enlarged extra fat depots that carefully surround ...
Skipping high calorie foods for losing weight? if yes then dont. This video will show you how the high calorie foods will help you to aid weight loss... S
In part 1 of this topic, the levels of daily feed intakes typically achieved by Genesus nursery and finishing animals were covered along with a comparison to feed intake figures expected from other genotypes. Total daily energy consumption was also discussed.. This article will cover how daily energy consumption can be influenced through dietary manipulation to optimise income over feed costs.. Choosing the appropriate energy level is particularly critical for diets fed to pigs from 30 kg to market weight. Feed usage during this phase represents 75 percent of the total operational feed budget, and energy contributes at least 50 percent to the final diet costs. A key component of setting optimum energy specifications is an understanding of how various levels of daily energy intake affect pig performance and carcass characteristics.. Table 1 below provides the performance response of Genesus full programme pigs to a range of dietary energy levels. The diets in this trial were based on using a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impact of excess gestational and post-weaning energy intake on vascular function of swine offspring. AU - Taheripour, Pardis. AU - DeFord, Mark A.. AU - Arentson-Lantz, Emily J.. AU - Donkin, Shawn S.. AU - Ajuwon, Kolapo M.. AU - Newcomer, Sean C.. PY - 2014/12/12. Y1 - 2014/12/12. N2 - Background: The development of long-term vascular disease can be linked to the intrauterine environment, and maternal nutrition during gestation plays a critical role in the future vascular health of offspring. The purpose of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that a high-energy (HE) gestational diet, HE post-weaning diet, or their combination will lead to endothelial dysfunction in offspring. Methods: Duroc × Landrace gilts (n = 16) were assigned to either a HE (10,144 Kcal/day, n = 8) or normal energy (NE: 6721 Kcal/day, n = 8) diet throughout pregnancy. Piglets were placed on either a NE or HE diet during the growth phase. At 3 months of age femoral arteries were harvested from ...
Fat percent of total calories - 33.6. Anyone care to read those figures and then explain to me how its too much fat that sparked a rise in obesity? Were we fatter in 1977, when we ate more of the stuff? Amazing … these people can see the evidence right in front of their academic faces, then draw conclusions that have nothing to do with it. Heres an another example of explaining away results they dont like:. One longitudinal study found no association between dietary energy density and adiposity among children who were followed annually from age 2 to 18 years (Alexy, 2005). Participants in this cohort were classified by dietary pattern into clusters based on percent energy from fat, with dietary energy density lowest at 3.7 (0.4) in the low fat cluster; 4.0 (0.4) in the medium fat intake; and highest at 4.1 (0.4) in the high fat cluster. Mean BMI during the study period differed significantly, with the highest BMI in the low fat, low dietary energy density cluster, a result the investigators ...
The intervention was effective in terms of accomplishing lasting dietary change. At baseline, fat accounted for about 38% of total daily energy intake. After 1 year, this figure dropped to 24% in the diet intervention arm. At year 6, fat accounted for 29% of daily energy intake in the diet group compared with 37% in controls, a difference Dr. Santoro called huge in light of the enormous number of participants and the womens diverse ethnicities and backgrounds ...
PubMed journal article: The role of eating frequency on total energy intake and diet quality in a low-income, racially diverse sample of schoolchildren. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Background: Obesity is a multifactorial condition influenced by both genetics and lifestyle. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the association between a validated genetic profile risk score for obesity (GPRS-obesity) and body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) was modified by macronutrient intake in a large general population study. Methods: This study included cross-sectional data from 48 170 white European adults, aged 37-73 years, participating on the UK Biobank. Interactions between GPRS-obesity, and macronutrient intake (including total energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and dietary fibre intake) and its effects on BMI and WC were investigated. Results: The 93-SNPs genetic profile risk score was associated with a higher BMI (β:0.57 kg.m−2 per standard deviation (s.d.) increase in GPRS, [95%CI:0.53-0.60]; P=1.9 × 10−183) independent of major confounding factors. There was a significant interaction between GPRS and total fat intake (P[interaction]=0.007). Among ...
Globally we are seeing a continual increase in the prevalence of obese and overweight dogs. With this comes an increase in the prevalence of associated diseases such as cardiopulmonary disease and osteoarthritis. Getting owners involved and educating them about their pets obesity is key to changing these statistics and getting them to lose weight. Heyrex really is the future of canine weight management. Being able to see the amount of exercise their dog is getting really is enough to give clients a wake-up call on this topic. Furthermore, it is a very good incentive to get their dogs (and also themselves!) moving more frequently and doing more exercise. Future Heyrex developments could potentially lead to the ability of calculating a dogs daily caloric expenditure, such that daily caloric intake can be closely matched to this - watch this space! Right now Heyrex plays a very important role in many canine obesity clinics around the world since the key to weight loss is a relatively simple ...
Chen, S-J, Chuang S-Y, Chang H-Y, Pan W-H. Energy intake at different times of the day: Its association with elevated total and LDL cholesterol levels. Nutr Metab Cardiovas Dis. 2019. Link to Article
The combination of a BMI=26 with a relatively small waist is indicative of more muscle and less body fat. Having more muscle and less body fat has an advantage that is rarely discussed. It allows for a higher total calorie intake, and thus a higher nutrient intake, without an unhealthy increase in body fat. Muscle mass increases ones caloric requirement for weight maintenance, more so than body fat. Body fat also increases that caloric requirement, but it also acts like an organ, secreting a number of hormones into the bloodstream, and becoming pro-inflammatory in an unhealthy way above a certain level ...
Results Over 2 decades, obesity prevalence doubled from 14% to 28% of the participants, with 69% of participants being categorised as overweight or obese. Greater than 70% of participants gained ,5% of their baseline BMI with weight gain occurring across all weight categories. Energy intake and physical activity levels (PALs) did not change during the 2 decades after menopause (p trend=0.06 and 0.11, respectively), but, within the second visit, energy intake increased concomitantly with a decrease in physical activity across increasing quartiles of BMI (p trend ,0.001 for all). ...
As with any fitness goal, the foundation of your program should always be diet. Proper diet accounts for 70% of your fitness, and the results in the gym are entirely dependant on what (and how much) you eat. To build muscle, your body needs to be in a positive caloric balance. In other words, you have to eat just a little more than you can burn for energy in order to build muscle. (Yes, there is a reason Gaston ate 5 dozen eggs every day!). To build lean mass, your daily caloric intake must be 350-700 kcal above your total energy expenditure (TEE). If you are eating about the same amount of calories every day and youre maintaining weight, youd have to consume an extra 350-700 calories each day to build muscle. By doing this, you should put on 1-2 pounds of muscle a week1. If you would like to learn how many calories you need to sustain your current weight, either complete a 3 day diet log (most accurate), or Click Here to get a rough estimate of the calories you need the fuel your body.. ...
Why 30 percent?. No one can say exactly what a healthful fat intake is for a given individual, let alone for everyone. A majority of public health experts have supported the 30-percent guideline because they felt it was lower than what Americans are currently consuming, but not so low as to discourage compliance. Some scientists have proposed that we should strive for fat intakes closer to 25 or even 20 percent of daily caloric intake. Such levels would require greater changes in dietary habits for most Americans. Individuals who are not afraid of changing their eating habits, and are at risk for obesity, heart disease, or breast or colon cancer are often interested in using the 20- percent recommendation for their fat allowances. The 20-percent recommendation translates into 40 grams of fat for a daily intake of 1,800 calories and 44 grams for 2,000 calories.. What kind of fat?. Scientists do not understand all of the reasons why different types of fat behave differently in the body, so they ...
There is some flexibility here - some people prefer slightly higher fat intake - its most important to track your total calories so that your intake matches your daily caloric intake goal. Please note that MFP is calibrated to sedentary people so youll need to adjust the calculations to fit your own caloric and macro requirements. Just be sure that your Fat intake is ,= 20% & ,= 28% and Carb intake is ,= 50 ...
Keep frozen. Not ready to eat. Cook thoroughly. Baking Directions for the Perfect DiGiorno Pizza: Crispier Crust: Preheat & bake at 400 degrees F. Keep pizza frozen while preheating. Remove pizza from box, overwrap and cardboard. Place pizza directly on center oven rack. (6 to 8 inch from bottom of oven) Bake 20 to 23 min. Softer Crust: Preheat & bake at 400 degrees F. Remove pizza from box, overwrap and cardboard. Place pizza on cookie sheet on center rack. (6 to 8 inch from bottom of oven) Bake 25 to 27 min. For high altitude (over 3,500 ft.), preheat & bake at 400 degrees F. Remove pizza from box, overwrap. Place pizza on cookie sheet on center rack. Bake for 24 to 26 minutes. For directions on how to cook 2 pizzas at a time, visit our website at www.digiorno.com. Product must be cooked thoroughly to 160 degrees F for food safety and quality. Do not allow pizza to thaw. Do not eat pizza without cooking. Your oven temperature may vary so adjust baking time & oven temperature as necessary. ...
Interruption of scheduled, automatic feeding and reduction of excess energy intake in toddlers Mario Ciampolini,1 J Thomas Brenna,2 Valerio Giannellini,3 Stefania Bini11Preventive Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Università di Firenze, Florence, Italy; 2Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; 3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università di Firenze, Florence, ItalyBackground: Childhood obesity due to the consumption of excess calories is a severe problem in developed countries. In a previous investigation on toddlers, hospital laboratory measurements showed an association of food-demand behavior with constant lower blood glucose before meals than for scheduled meals. We hypothesize that maternal scheduling of meals for toddlers results in excess energy intake compared to feeding only on demand (previously “on request”).Objective: We tested the cross-sectional null hypothesis of no difference in energy intake between scheduled
Interruption of scheduled, automatic feeding and reduction of excess energy intake in toddlers Mario Ciampolini,1 J Thomas Brenna,2 Valerio Giannellini,3 Stefania Bini11Preventive Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Università di Firenze, Florence, Italy; 2Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; 3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università di Firenze, Florence, ItalyBackground: Childhood obesity due to the consumption of excess calories is a severe problem in developed countries. In a previous investigation on toddlers, hospital laboratory measurements showed an association of food-demand behavior with constant lower blood glucose before meals than for scheduled meals. We hypothesize that maternal scheduling of meals for toddlers results in excess energy intake compared to feeding only on demand (previously “on request”).Objective: We tested the cross-sectional null hypothesis of no difference in energy intake between scheduled
Because the dietary assessment queries intake only on a single day or a few days, measures of usual intake from 24-hour recalls are prone to measurement error. Using a simple average of 2 days does not adequately represent usual intake, particularly for episodically-consumed foods and nutrients. Thus, more sophisticated methods based on statistical modeling are necessary. All of the statistical methods that have been developed to estimate usual intake from 24-hour recalls make the assumption that the 24-hour recall is prone to random, not systematic error (see Module 18, Task 2 for more details on these methods). Two statistical methods have been developed to model the distribution of usual intake of episodically-consumed foods, adjusting for measurement error. These are the method developed at Iowa State University for foods (ISUF method), and the method developed at the National Cancer Institute (NCI method). Both methods operate under the premise that usual intake is equal to the probability ...
Firstly, losing weight is simple. Every day our bodies burn a certain amount of calories. If you were to eat nothing at all for long enough, your body would deplete its available calories. Inversely, if you were to eat a lot, your body will work to try and store these additional calories as fat. If you are doing resistance training, some of those calories may become muscle. No matter what youve seen people say about slow metabolism and all its associated buzzwords, every person will lose weight if calories are restricted sufficiently. When we talk about weight loss, we are typically talking about burning excess fat to break this down a little more. A pound of fat is equal to around 3,500 calories. That means in a given week (7 days,) for you to burn one pound of fat, you should reduce your daily caloric intake by 500 calories. But how much less is that than you eat now, you ask? The best way to figure this out is to estimate your current base metabolic rate (BMR). This will tell you how many ...
Dec 27, - Protein for Weight Gain. The current RDA for protein is grams per kilogram of body weight per day, or about grams of protein per pound. This calculator will help you determine a daily caloric intake for your desired goal. Many medical conditions can make it hard to gain weight & can lead to Carbohydrates & protein have 4 calories per gram, whereas fat has 9 calories per.
The amount and type of carbohydrates in your diet can be the most important factor to weight loss and fat reduction. Carbohydrates are NOT created equally, so you have to be aware of what type of carb you are adding to your diet! Carbs need to be eaten with care- there is a distinct difference between good and bad carbs.. When carbohydrates are consumed, they are broken down into sugar, the sugar is then absorbed into the blood stream as glucose or blood sugar! This is the sugar that feeds our brain and gives us energy- however too much sugar or the wrong kind can make us gain weight! The wrong sugars will not be effectively processed by our body and will be stored as fat. Even eating too much good sugar can slow down the process and cause slow to no weight loss! BE AWARE of your SUGAR INTAKE!!! (you want to stay between 5-15% of your daily caloric intake). ...
What is it?. Human Chorionic Gonadatropin, commonly referred to as HCG is a hormone produced in women during pregnancy. HCGs primary function is to provide nourishment to the fetus by burning the fat stores from the mothers body.. Research has suggested that HCG may be beneficial on tackling obesity, which has become a serious problem in the United States. Currently, about 1 in 3 adults are considered obese in the U.S.. Real HCG can only be obtained with a prescription from a licensed physician. HCG is available as an injectable, a sublingual tablet or as a cream.. The recommended daily caloric intake for the HCG diet is 500 800 calories. Normally, with this very low number of calories, the body goes into what is referred to as starvation mode and begins to store more fat.However, advocates of the HCG diet contend that with the daily use of HCG, the Hypothalamus, which is located in the brain, is made to burn the excess fat instead of storing it.. This effect on the Hypothalamus is also believed ...
p. 1. ISBN 0-86863-418-2. "Poutu Intake". Genesis Energy. "Tongariro River at Turangi". Genesis Energy. Archived from the ... Access 10 is able to be paddled year-round as the minimum flow of 16 cubic metres per second (570 cu ft/s) below Poutu Intake ... The Access 14/13 sections are not able to be paddled without a release from Genesis Energy, due to the fact that the minimum ... "Recreational Releases - Genesis Energy NZ". www.genesisenergy.co.nz. Retrieved 2 August 2015. "Events & Releases , rivers.org. ...
She feeds from chi intake; and heals from the absorption of chi and from the energy created by sexual encounters. She can also ...
Rosenbaum, M; Kissileff, HR; Mayer, LE; Hirsch, J; Leibel, RL (2010). "Energy intake in weight-reduced humans". Brain Res. 1350 ... Rosenbaum, M; Leibel, RL (1998). "Leptin: a molecule integrating somatic energy stores, energy expenditure and fertility". ... Hirsch, J; Leibel, RL; Chua, SC (1992). "A clinical perspective on peptides and food intake". Am J Clin Nutr. 55: 296S-298S. ... Schwartz, MW; Woods, SC; Seeley, RJ; Barsh, GS; Baskin, DG; Leibel, RL (2003). "Is the energy homeostasis system inherently ...
Energy Efficient Unobtrusive 2010 Pervasive Health Best Paper Award for: Automatic Classification of Daily Fluid Intake 2005 ... Pervasive (2011). "SpeakerSense: Energy Efficient Unobtrusive". Pervasive 2011. Jonathan Lester; Desney Tan; Shwetak Patel; A.J ... Bernheim Brush (2010). "Automatic Classification of Daily Fluid Intake". Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) A.J. Bernheim ...
Increases the nutrient intake of plants. Increases yields and gives higher brix. Brix is the measure of dissolved solids in the ... The destruction of our forests must be offset and a sufficient soil forest-energy program must be carried out to stop and ... Campe was invited by the U.S. State Department to speak at the Washington International Renewable Energy Conference 2008. In ... The biosphere and the atmosphere are interlocked in a permanent exchange of matter (carbon in particular) and energy which ...
Energy intake is necessary for protists' survival. Aerobic chemoorganotrophic protists produce energy through the use of their ... In some protists, flagella and/or cilia may be present to help with motility and nutrient intake. The flagella/cilia create ... Photosynthetic protists produce energy through the use of their mitochondria and chloroplasts. Finally, anaerobic ... Protists are chemoorganotrophic [organisms which oxidize the chemical bonds in organic compounds as their energy source] and ...
Summary of Project Intake and Turbine Parameters. Knight Piesold Consulting. Hydromax Energy Limited. Hydromax Energy Limited ... The energy within the moving water propels a power generator and thereby creates electricity. Prototypes by commercial ... A plant without pondage is subject to seasonal river flows, thus the plant will operate as an intermittent energy source. ... When developed with care to footprint size and location, run-of-the-river hydro projects can create sustainable energy ...
Control of food intake by energy supply. Nature 1974;251;710‑1. Booth DA, Mather P. Prototype model of human feeding, growth ... Depression of intake of nutrient by association of its odor with effects of insulin. Psychon. Sci. 1968;11:27-8. Booth DA, ... A simulation model of psychobiosocial theory of human food-intake controls. Int. J. Vitamin Nutr. Res. 1988;58:55-69. Booth DA ... and the ventromedial hypothalamus for satiety and began to replace it with a theory of the control of food choice and intake ...
"Lake Gordon at Intake" (PDF). www.hydro.com.au. Hydro Tasmania. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 February 2017. Retrieved ... "Gordon Power Station Fact Sheet: Technical fact sheet" (PDF). Energy: Our power stations. Hydro Tasmania. Archived from the ... ISBN 0-85802-064-5. "Gordon - Pedder Energy". www.hydro.com.au. Hydro Tasmania. Retrieved 8 February 2017. Townsend, Clif (14 ... Gramenz, Emilie (31 March 2016). "Tasmanian energy crisis: Lake Gordon dam level fall captured in dramatic video". News. ...
This intake pressure is called boost. This particularly helps aviation engines, as they need to operate at higher altitudes ... Higher compression engines have the benefit of maximizing the amount of useful energy evolved per unit of fuel. Therefore, the ... A Roots-type supercharger uses paddles on two rotating drums to push air into the intake. Because it is a positive displacement ... Due to the lower intake temperatures and denser air charge, more boost pressure and timing advance can be safely added without ...
Ignoring the non-alcohol contribution of those beverages, the average ethanol contributions to daily food energy intake are 200 ... Tolerable Upper Intake Levels For Vitamins And Minerals (PDF), European Food Safety Authority, 2006 Dietary Reference Intakes ... Sulfur is essential, but again does not have a recommended intake. Instead, recommended intakes are identified for the sulfur- ... Consumer advisories for dietary nutrient intakes, such as the United States Dietary Reference Intake, are based on deficiency ...
Friedman M. I. (1997). "An energy sensor for control of energy intake". Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 56: 41-50. doi: ...
Thomas, D. W. (1984). "Fruit intake and energy budgets of frugivorous bats". Physiological Zoology. 57 (4): 457-467. doi: ...
"Energy and nutrient intake in the European Union". Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 48 (2 (suppl)): 1-16. doi:10.1159/ ... Previously the Adequate Intake for adults was set at 4,700 mg per day. In 2019, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering ... Because of its low first ionization energy of 418.8 kJ/mol, the potassium atom is much more likely to lose the last electron ... They have a similar first ionization energy, which allows for each atom to give up its sole outer electron. It was suspected in ...
The influence of food portion size and energy density on energy intake: implications for weight management. American Journal of ... Lower energy and fat intake were observed under short-term conditions; however, the effect of the spice was reduced over ... Resistant starch dilutes energy density of food intake, has a bulking effect similar to non-fermentable fiber, and increases ... Studies have shown that portion size influences energy intake. People who are presented with larger portions do not report to ...
The mice also display altered levels of plasma glucose and rhythms in food intake. These mutants develop metabolic syndrome ... Yoshino J, Klein S (Jul 2013). "A Novel Link Between Circadian Clocks and Adipose Tissue Energy Metabolism". Diabetes. 62 (7): ... Johnston J (Jun 2014). "Physiological responses to food intake throughout the day". Nutrition Research Reviews. 27 (1): 107-118 ... with quantitative physical responses to circadian food intake as potential inputs to the clock system. BMAL1 Period gene ...
Powdered guar gum, a soluble fibre, was shown to be associated with a significantly lower energy intake in obese subjects who ... 2005). "Dietary Reference Intakes for energy, carbohydrates, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and animo acids". ... A similar reduction of energy intake through fibre supplementation was observed in another study. A dose of guar gum was ... 1994 Jul 2;344(8914):39-40 Heaton KW (December 1973). "Food fibre as an obstacle to energy intake". Lancet. 2 (7843): 1418-21. ...
The energy retail business of Northpower was sold to ECNZ with effect from 1 November 1998, and renamed Northpower Energy. The ... The water canal intake was upgraded in 2009. New weir flap gates have also been installed. The power station's aging control ... The typical annual energy output from the station is 22 GWh. Northpower Contracting Northpower Fibre Electricity sector in New ... name was later changed to Meridian Energy (1999). Northpower owns and operates the Wairua power station owned near Titoki. This ...
Trumbo, Paula (2003). "Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and ... "Dietary Reference Intakes: Macronutrients" (PDF). Umich.edu. Retrieved 9 November 2017. "Nutrition Facts Help". Nutritiondata. ... Bilsborough, Shane; Mann, Neil (2006). "A Review of Issues of Dietary Protein Intake in Humans". International Journal of Sport ...
Each unit has two intakes. The Ear Falls GS powerhouse is connected to the 185-metre long Lac Seul Conservation Dam which is ... This water will now be used to generate clean, renewable energy. The combined nameplate capacity of the two facilities is 29.3 ... It is estimated these facilities will generate approximately 185,000 megawatt-hours of renewable energy per year. During the ...
Food and Nutrition Board (2002/2005). Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol ... "Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)" (PDF). National Academy of Medicine. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2015. ... 2018). "Dietary carbohydrate intake and mortality: a prospective cohort study and meta-analysis". Lancet Public Health (Meta- ... Inadequate carbohydrate intake during athletic training causes metabolic acidosis, which may be responsible for the impaired ...
"Antenatal dietary education and supplementation to increase energy and protein intake". The Cochrane Database of Systematic ... Adequate Intake †Not established. EU has not identified an AI for sodium or chloride, and does not consider chromium to be an ... Maternal intake of vitamin D, vitamin E, and zinc have all been associated with a lower likelihood of wheezing in childhood, ... During lactation, water intake may need to be increased. Human milk is made of 88% water, and the IOM recommends that ...
Membership intake for NPHC organizations occurs at specified times. In 2019, 24% of undergraduate men and 18% of undergraduate ... The topic of the symposium was "Impact of the Southeast in the World's Renewable Energy Future." Mississippi State's Greek ... "SEC Symposium to address role of Southeast in renewable energy". University of Georgia. Retrieved 13 February 2013. https://www ...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2014-11-14). "Renewable Energy Explained". Retrieved 2015-01-03. Idaho Transportation ... Three further powerhouses, as well as modifications to Lewiston's water intake, were completed in 1987. Dam was initially ... Ministry of Energy, Mines and Natural Gas (2012-12-05). "A Review of the Range of Impacts and Benefits of the Columbia River ... Fundamentals of Renewable Energy. "Chief Joseph Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015- ...
A systematic review and meta-analysis of energy intake data". Appetite. 73: 183-8. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2013.11.005. PMID ...
Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein and Amino Acids, Institute of ... One review proposed a maximum daily protein intake of approximately 25% of energy requirements, i.e., approximately 2.0 to 2.5 ... In the United States and Canada are Adequate Intakes for ALA and LA over various stages of life, but there are no intake levels ... Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Recommended Intakes for Individuals, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, ...
Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein and Amino Acids, Institute of ... Researchers hoping to replicate Stefansson's experience with rabbit starvation in the field urged him to cut the fat intake in ... National Academy Press, 2005 Bilsborough, S; Mann, N (April 2006). "A review of issues of dietary protein intake in humans". ... Modern humans are reportedly only capable of deriving 20% of their energy needs from protein. For arctic hunter-gatherers ...
... behavioral factors including energy intake, physical activity and sedentary behavior; and environmental factors. Overweight and ...
... is an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. The body expends more energy than it takes in. This ... Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life. It is the ... It can be used like glucose for energy, but eventually runs out. Phase two: Phase two can last for up to weeks at a time. In ... Fatty acids are used by the body as an energy source for muscles, but lower the amount of glucose that gets to the brain. ...
Food provides the energy and nutrients that toddlers need to be healthy. An adequate intake in nutrient rich food is good ... Food provides the energy and nutrients that young children need to be healthy. Toddlers are learning to feed themselves and to ... Milk intake for toddlers can be reduced when protein from other sources is added to the diet. Paediatricians can offer advice ... Toddler fruit juice intake is often improperly regulated by parents due to its perceived health benefits and content packaging ...
... (also known as consuming) is the ingestion of food, typically to provide a heterotrophic organism with energy and to ... Degen, L. "Effect of peptide YY3-36 on food intake in humans". Gastroenterology. 129: 1430-6. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.09.001 ... Some individuals may limit their amount of nutritional intake. This may be a result of a lifestyle choice, due to hunger or ... The brain stem can control food intake, because it contains neural circuits that detect hunger and satiety signals from other ...
They capture the energy in sunlight and use it to make simple sugars, such as glucose and sucrose, from carbon dioxide and ... pores that intake and output gases), the amount and structure of epicuticular wax and other features. Leaves are mostly green ... This compound is essential for photosynthesis as it absorbs light energy from the sun. A leaf with white patches or edges is ... The leaf is a vital source of energy production for the plant, and plants have evolved protection against animals that consume ...
Major causes of PEM in Nepal is low birth weight of below 2.5 kg, due to poor maternal nutrition, inadequate dietary intake, ... The most common form of malnutrition is protein energy malnutrition (PEM). The other forms of malnutrition are iodine, iron and ... Control of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) c) Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) d) Control of Vitamin A Deficiency ...
Food energyEdit. Alcoholic drinks are a source of food energy. The USDA uses a figure of 6.93 kilocalories (29.0 kJ) per gram ... The standard drink is used in many countries to quantify alcohol intake. It is usually expressed as a measure of beer, wine, or ... Caton, S.J.; Ball, M; Ahern, A; Hetherington, M.M. (2004). "Dose-dependent effects of alcohol on appetite and food intake". ... Excessive daily calorie intake may contribute to an increase in body weight and "beer belly". In addition to the direct effect ...
... the first ionisation energies and atomisation energies of the alkali metals. Because the first ionisation energy of the alkali ... "Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate". Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, ... The first ionisation energy of an element or molecule is the energy required to move the most loosely held electron from one ... The formation of an alkali metal nitride would consume the ionisation energy of the alkali metal (forming M+ ions), the energy ...
"Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). August 22, 2008. Archived from the original on July 10, ... a b c During periods of low river flow, intake water may also be indirectly drawn from the Des Plaines River. ... Indirect open-cycle mode:[e] Intake from canal leading to the Kankakee River,[d][f] discharge to cooling canal leading to ... Direct open-cycle mode:[c] Intake from canal leading to the Kankakee River,[d] discharge directly to the Illinois River. The ...
Some carbons have been able to achieve bonding energies of 5-10 kJ per mol. The gas may then be desorbed when subjected to ... Instead, PAC is generally added directly to other process units, such as raw water intakes, rapid mix basins, clarifiers, and ... Bradley RH, Sutherland I, Sheng E (1996). "Carbon surface: Area, porosity, chemistry, and energy". Journal of Colloid and ... The United States Department of Energy has specified certain goals to be achieved in the area of research and development of ...
Thus, any gain in kinetic energy a fluid may attain due to its increased velocity through a constriction is balanced by a drop ... Carburetors that use the effect to suck gasoline into an engine's intake air stream ... However, for any given differential pressure, orifice plates cause significantly more permanent energy loss.[2] ... Water aspirators that produce a partial vacuum using the kinetic energy from the faucet water pressure ...
It is important to know the amount of energy your body is using every day, so that your intake fits the needs of one's personal ... Someone wanting to lose weight would want a smaller energy intake than what they put out. There is increasing research-based ... Diet 1 and 2 were high carbohydrate (55% of total energy intake) *Diet 1 was high-glycemic index ... Diet 3 and 4 were high protein (25% of total energy intake) *Diet 3 was high-glycemic index ...
The first stage data reduction processes were done for the high energy analysis and for the low energy analysis. The data ... In autumn 1997, an extended intake air pipe was installed at a location approximately 25 m above the Atotsu tunnel entrance. ... The energy of Sun comes from the nuclear fusion in its core where a helium atom and an electron neutrino are generated by 4 ... To protect against low energy background from radon decay products in the air, the roof of the cavity and the access tunnels ...
The combination of music and MMS helps premature infants sleep and conserve vital energy required to gain weight more rapidly. ... These techniques can also improve overall sleep quality, calorie intake and feeding behaviors, which aid in development of the ... By calming premature babies, it allows for them to preserve their energy, which creates a stable environment for growth. ...
Dietary Reference Intakes : Electrolytes and Water The National Academies (2004) *^ Tolerable Upper Intake Levels For Vitamins ... A component of bones (see apatite), cells, in energy processing, in DNA and ATP (as phosphate) and many other functions Red ... Overview of Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese (2015) *^ "Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for chromium". ... Institute of Medicine (1997). "Fluoride". Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D and Fluoride ...
Trends in intake of energy and macronutrients-United States, 1971-2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2004-02, 53 (4): 80-2 [2008- ... 不同的區域與國家的人均飲食熱量攝取(英语:Dietary energy supply)差別很大,並會隨著時代而有明顯改變[89]。從1970年代早期到1990年代晚期,除了東歐地區外,全球的人均每日熱量攝取(購買的食物量)都在上升。1996年,人均每日熱 ... Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (Review). 2004-01, 79
Many were given radiation badges to wear on their clothes, which were later collected by the Atomic Energy Commission to gather ... While reducing the radioactive intake of their infants is an important preventative measure, it denies women the opportunity to ... By February 1986, mounting citizen pressure forced the U.S. Department of Energy to release to the public 19,000 pages of ... the Department of Energy resolved the final cases. The DOE paid more than $60 million in legal fees and $7 million in damages.[ ...
Copper contamination from the bowl is minimal, as a cup of foam contains a tenth of a human's normal daily intake level.[3][7] ... It contains no cholesterol and the energy content is about 17 Calories.[3] Egg white is an alkaline solution and contains ...
For Roman Catholics, fasting, taken as a technical term, is the reduction of one's intake of food to one full meal (which may ... "becomes freed from maladies of all kinds and possessed of great energy." ... On the fasting day, intake of solid food during the day is avoided and only a light veggie meal around 5 o'clock is taken. ... Mark Mattson who says that sensible intermittent fasting with a sensible water intake can strengthen the organism and assist ...
Fruit and vegetables grown in iodine rich soils provide the body with the essential iodine intake. Iodine also helps regulate ... they perform as a source of heat and energy production, assist in the management of primary bodily functions and structure ... School-based lunch times programs have been introduced to aid in increasing awareness and increasing the amount of intake of ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014). Children eating more fruit, but fruit and vegetable intake still too low ...
A2 Over 1,200 power plants and manufacturers use OTC systems in the U.S.[23]:4-4 and the intake structures kill billions of ... The Indian Point Energy Center. Over a billion fish eggs and larvae are killed in its cooling system each year.[18] ... Cooling Water Intake Structures. Final rule: 2001-12-18, 66 FR 65255. Amended: 2003-06-19, 68 FR 36749. ... Such facilities are built with intake structures designed to pump in large volumes of water at a high rate of flow. These ...
These compounds are stored in the body's fat, and when the fatty tissues are used for energy, the compounds are released and ...
People with COPD who are underweight can improve their breathing muscle strength by increasing their calorie intake.[5] When ... Using alternative energy sources such as solar cooking and electrical heating is also effective. Using fuels such as kerosene ... They are used as the main source of energy in 80% of homes in India, China and sub-Saharan Africa.[17] ...
L. D. Danny Harvey, 2010, "Energy and the New Reality 1: Energy Efficiency and the Demand for Energy Services," London: ... Most modern road use diesel engines are provided with an FRP valve in the intake manifold (sometimes misidentified as a petrol ... L. D. Danny Harvey, 2010, "Energy and the New Reality 1: Energy Efficiency and the Demand for Energy Services," London: ... "World Energy.. *^ "Biodiesel: ASTM International Specifications (B100)". World Energy. Archived from the original on 17 ...
Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. Secretary of State (Education). Minister for Universities, Science, ... English secondary schools are mostly comprehensive (i.e. no entry exam), although the intake of comprehensive schools can vary ... From July 2016, Higher Education comes under the Department for Education, Science under the Department for Business, Energy ... of their intake for aptitude in the specialism (though relatively few of them have taken up this option). In a few areas ...
... water vapor is transparent to most solar energy, as one can literally see. But it absorbs the infrared energy emitted (radiated ... flue gas fans must intake air at a higher rate than would otherwise be required to maintain the same firing rate .[36] ... Humidity affects the energy budget and thereby influences temperatures in two major ways. First, water vapor in the atmosphere ... Solutions for energy-efficient buildings that avoid condensation are a current topic of architecture. ...
... increased resting energy expenditure, and decreased food intake. Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) develops in about 85% of ... beta-carotene intake, and head injury; and weak evidence for omega-three fatty acid intake, exposure to extremely low frequency ... The most common side effects are nausea and a lack of energy (asthenia).[6] People with ALS should begin treatment with ... by sustaining nutrition and medication intake.[5] This reduces the risk of weight loss and dehydration, and can decrease ...
Food and Nutrition Board of Institute of Medicine (2005) Dietary Reference Intakes for Protein and Amino Acids, page 685, from ... They are also involved in reducing the amount of time and energy required to complete a chemical process. Many aspects of the ... Bulk minerals with a Reference Daily Intake (RDI, formerly Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)) of more than 200 mg/day are ... Comprising 75% of the biological world and 80% of all food intake for human consumption, the most common known human ...
A flywheel is often used to ensure smooth rotation or to store energy to carry the engine through an un-powered part of the ... I. Intake camshaft. *P. Piston. *R. Connecting rod. *S. Spark plug. *W. Water jacket for coolant flow ...
Due to its small body size and high food passage rate, its diet must be high-quality and high-energy. Insectivory is common in ... The trend of male-carrier weight loss and decreased food intake is in contrast to the dominant female's periovulatory period, ... when she gains weight after increasing her own food intake and relinquishing much of her infant-carrying duties.[27] ... The large weight loss may occur from reduced food intake as infant-carrying inhibits foraging ability for a carrier. ...
Zheng A., Moritani T. »Influence of CoQ10 on Autonomic nervous Activity and Energy Metabolism during Exercise in Healthy ... 2005). »Effect on absorption and oxidative stress of different oral Coenzyme Q10 dosages and intake strategy in healthy men«. ...
Benefits are not superior when supplement intakes of more than 1,000 mg/day are compared to intakes between 200 and 1,000 mg/ ... energy-yielding metabolism (ID 135), and relief in case of irritation in the upper respiratory tract (ID 1714, 1715) pursuant ... a b c Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese 2010: Water-Soluble Vitamins Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 2013( ... A second argument for high intake is that serum ascorbic acid concentrations increase as intake increases until it plateaus at ...
... fleas store muscle energy in a pad of the elastic protein named resilin before releasing it rapidly (like a human using a bow ... Experiments have shown that fleas lay more eggs on hosts which have limited food intakes, and that eggs and larvae survive ... To prevent premature release of energy or motions of the leg, the flea employs a "catch mechanism".[7] Early in the jump, the ... generating the opposite torque to extend the leg and power the jump by release of stored energy.[7] The actual take off has ...
More about Common Dietetic Strategy For Reducing Energy Intake. *. A Study On Obesity And Obesity. 3724 Words , 15 Pages ... The researchers hypothesized that the intake of fat and energy from dairy products would decrease, and a greater number of ... A common dietetic strategy for reducing energy intake while still maintaining nutritional adequacy is to replace full-fat dairy ... Males aged 12-19 years drink roughly 22 ounces of full-calorie soft-drinks per day, more than twice the intake of milk (10 ...
... increases overall energy intake and may reduce the intake of foods containing more nutritionally adequate calories," the WHO ... Five percent of total energy intake is equivalent to around 25 grams (around 6 teaspoons) of sugar per day for an adult of ... that sugar should account for no more that 10 percent of total energy intake. ... "WHO recommends reduced intake of free sugars throughout the life-course," the agency said in a statement. ...
Energy and Nutrient Intake From Pizza in the United States. Lisa M. Powell, Binh T. Nguyen, William H. Dietz ...
Energy and Nutrient Intake From Pizza in the United States. Lisa M. Powell, Binh T. Nguyen, William H. Dietz ... Their concern about the energy, saturated fat and salt intake from pizza is in complete agreement with ours and other findings ... Their concern about the energy, saturated fat and salt intake from pizza is in complete agreement with ours and other findings ...
The steady climb in worldwide obesity rates is often dually attributed to an increasingly sedentary lifestyle and the energy ... Owing to a lack of data on appetite, energy intake and energy expenditure among individuals who regularly supplement their ... They sought to compare the effects of sucrose on energy intake, energy expenditure and appetite sensation on overweight ... "Sucrose compared with artificial sweetener: a clinical intervention study of effects on energy intake, appetite, and energy ...
Comparison of national gestational weight gain guidelines and energy intake recommendations.. Alavi N1, Haley S, Chow K, ... We found guidelines for 31% of the countries, and 59% of these had a GWG recommendation, 68% had an energy intake ... Our objectives were to compare existing GWG and energy recommendations across various countries, as well as the rationale or ... there are a wide variety of guidelines for GWG and energy recommendations by different countries around the world. ...
Exercise, Energy Intake, Glucose Homeostasis, and the Brain. Henriette van Praag, Monika Fleshner, Michael W. Schwartz, Mark P. ... Exercise, Energy Intake, Glucose Homeostasis, and the Brain. Henriette van Praag, Monika Fleshner, Michael W. Schwartz, Mark P. ... 2010) Age and energy intake interact to modify cell stress pathways and stroke outcome. Ann Neurol 67:41-52, doi:10.1002/ana. ... Exercise, Energy Intake, Glucose Homeostasis, and the Brain Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ...
Effect of breakfast on weight and energy intake: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2019 ... Based on the meta-analysis of the available randomized controlled trials of the effects of breakfast on daily energy intake and ... 1. Effect of breakfast on weight and energy intake: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. ... Re: Effect of breakfast on weight and energy intake: no generalization allowed. ...
... satiety and reduced energy intake and thus may play a physiological regulatory role in controlling appetite and energy intake ... on subjective appetite sensations after an energy-fixed breakfast, and on spontaneous energy intake at an ad libitum lunch. 20 ... Glucagon-like peptide 1 promotes satiety and suppresses energy intake in humans.. Flint A1, Raben A, Astrup A, Holst JJ. ... spontaneous energy intake at the ad libitum lunch was reduced by 12% by GLP-1 infusion compared with saline (P = 0.002). Plasma ...
The primary outcome was energy intake calculated by the energy intake-balance method. Energy expenditure was measured by doubly ... Contrary to current recommendations, energy intake should not exceed energy expenditure.TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov, ... during the second and third trimesters was achieved when energy intake was 125 ± 52 kcal/d less than energy expenditure. In ... We estimated that energy intake requirements for recommended weight gain during the second and third trimesters were not ...
... of total food energy from carbohydrates is often seen in impoverished nations where access to protein and fat sources are ... Countries With The Highest Carbohydrate Diets Relative To Energy Intake. Deriving more than 75% of total food energy from ... Countries With The Highest Relative Carbohydrate Intakes. Rank. Country. % of Food Energy Derived From Carbohydrates. ... Carbohydrates Are A Major Energy Source In The Diets Of People Around The World. * ...
Obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Using high-density DNA microarrays and ... and energy expenditure, and it is likely to play an important role in the regulation of energy balance. ... Most important, these transcriptional changes were accompanied by a marked decrease in whole-body energy expenditure. Short- ...
University says that having caloric beverages like fizzy colas and packaged juices has different affects on total energy intake ... However, while the mean total energy intakes for men following all four beverages were similar, women demonstrated a trend for ... greater energy intake following the three caloric drinks compared to the control. Thus, using a preload paradigm differing in ... Both men and women who consumed a drink containing calories in the morning ate less energy for lunch, compared to when they had ...
Recognition of three Initial Hunger arousals per day produces an even energy balance and eliminates any conditioned intake. ... Dieticians definition and instructions on hunger for body weight loss miss any distinction from conditioned energy intake and ... all dieticians instructed to wait for hunger arousal before meals to limit energy intake for body weight loss. ... The evaluation of this pathogenic development in the overall stratification shows how unhealthy is the subjects energy ...
... above energy expenditure (EE). Since fat oxidation seems to be dependent on SNS activation and also seems to remain acutely ... Obesity is a multifactorial and complex affectation that is characterized by a long-term excess energy intake (EI) ... unaffected by fat intake, this macronutrient is certainly par … ... Food intake, energy balance and body weight control Eur J Clin ... Obesity is a multifactorial and complex affectation that is characterized by a long-term excess energy intake (EI) above energy ...
The objective was to examine the effect of consuming breakfast on subsequent energy intake. Participants who habitually ate ... Effect of skipping breakfast on subsequent energy intake Physiol Behav. 2013 Jul 2;119:9-16. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.05.006 ... The objective was to examine the effect of consuming breakfast on subsequent energy intake. Participants who habitually ate ... Intake averaged 624 kcals and subsequent food intake was measured throughout the day. Participants ate only foods served from ...
When daily energy intake is in excess of energy expenditure (EE) a state of positive energy balance occurs. Over weeks, months ... Energy intake of meals. Energy intake for 9-h and 5-h sleep conditions during ad libitum food availability expressed in ... energy intake-especially at night after dinner-was in excess of energy needed to maintain energy balance. Insufficient sleep ... Energy Expenditure and Energy Intake During Sleep Loss and Adequate Sleep Schedules.. We observed that 5 d of insufficient ...
We calculated intake of energy and energy generating nutrients from the data on dietary intake, using standard software.3 The ... No study, has examined whether the difference is because the pregnant woman has a higher energy intake or more efficient energy ... higher intake of carbohydrates, a 10.9% higher intake of lipids of animal origin, and a 14.9% higher intake of lipids of ... The energy intake of pregnant women is about 10% higher when they are carrying a boy rather than a girl. Our findings support ...
Procedures for screening out inaccurate reports of dietary energy intake - Volume 5 Issue 6a - Megan A Mccrory, Cheryl L Hajduk ... Critical evaluation of energy intake using the Goldberg cut-off for energy intake:basal metabolic rate. A practical guide to ... Potential underreporting of energy intake in the Ontario Health Survey and its relationship with nutrient and food intakes. Eur ... Critical evaluation of energy intake data using fundamental principles of energy physiology: 1. Derivation of cut-off limits to ...
... energy intake-especially at night after dinner-was in excess of energy needed to maintain energy balance. Insufficient sleep ... on energy expenditure and energy intake compared with adequate sleep. We found that insufficient sleep increased total daily ... Impact of insufficient sleep on total daily energy expenditure, food intake, and weight gain. Rachel R. Markwald, Edward L. ... Our findings suggest that increased food intake during insufficient sleep is a physiological adaptation to provide energy ...
Tags : Absorption factors, dose-response, EFH, EFS, energy intake, Exposure assessment, exposure estimates, Exposure factors, ...
Discrepancies between energy intake and expenditure in physically active women - Volume 64 Issue 1 - Kathleen Mulligan, Gail E ... McGuire, J. S. & Torun, B. (1984). Dietary energy intake and energy expenditure of women in rural Guatamala. In Protein-Energy ... Prentice, A. M. (1984). Adaptations to long-term low energy intake. In Energy Intake and Activity: Current Topics in Nutrition ... Norgan, N. G., Ferro-Luzzi, A. & Durnin, J. V. G. A. (1974). The energy and nutrient intake and the energy expenditure of 204 ...
Differences in energy intake, respiratory quotient (RQ), and energy expenditure between trials, mean ± SD (. for energy intake ... Energy and Macronutrient Intake. Total 24-hour energy intake was significantly (. ) higher during the BK trial than the NoBK ... There were no significant differences in energy intake at lunch. After lunch energy intake was significantly (. ) higher during ... Exercise has been found to alter energy balance by increasing energy expended as well as by modifying energy intake [4, 5]. ...
... and on ad libitum energy intake (EI) and appetite. Twelve healthy, normal weight men (age: 23.7±2.6 years, mean±s.d.) ... compared to placebo after intake of tyrosine, GTE and caffeine, respectively. No significant difference in haemodynamics was ... Ad libitum energy intake. Four hours after intake of GTE, tyrosine and caffeine ad libitum EI was decreased insignificantly by ... Ad libitum energy intake. At completion of the respiratory measurements, the subjects were given an ad libitum brunch, 4 h ...
Most people are aware that athletes require adequate nutrition in order to keep their bodies in their best shape for training and competition. And while every athlete is an individual and may require specific things to meet their dietary needs based on individual physical characteristics, training and competition schedules, and overall nutritional goals, there are some basic and key elements to...Read more ...
Effect of Ultra Processed Versus Unprocessed Diets on Energy Intake. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... But the effect of processed food on energy intake has not been carefully studied. Researchers want to study people s diets for ... Therefore, we will conduct a feeding study in 20 adult men and women to investigate the differences in ad libitum energy intake ... To determine differences in ad libitum energy intake (kcals) during 2 weeks of eating an ultra-processed diet as compared to 2 ...
Intake of WP combined with LoFi increased the postprandial peptide YY response. There were no effects of WP or fiber on insulin ... In the present study, we investigated the effects of intake of WP and dietary fiber from enzyme-treated wheat bran on other ... resting energy expenditure and respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and appetite. Sixty-five subjects completed the trial. ... or energy expenditure compared with MD and low dietary fiber. ... Whole-grain intake and cereal fiber are associated with lower ...
However, although key parameters related to energy depletion and repletion correlate well with energy intake, they correlate ... a condition that favors increased food intake and energy storage. Conversely, during states of positive energy balance, the ... central NPY administration increases energy intake, decreases energy expenditure, and increases lipogenesis. Repeated NPY ... Signals That Regulate Food Intake and Energy Homeostasis. By Stephen C. Woods, Randy J. Seeley, Daniel Porte Jr., Michael W. ...
PURPOSE: Recent data suggest higher physical activity (PA) and lower energy intake (EI) may be associated with a lower risk of ... Physical activity, energy intake, and the risk of incident kidney stones - Abstract ...
Ad libitum energy intake [ Time Frame: Energy intake is assessed 210 min after the 4 test breakfasts, which are served one week ... Voluntary energy intake [ Time Frame: Energy intake is assessed 210 min after the 4 test breakfasts, which are served one week ... The Effect of Breakfasts Varying in Protein Source on Appetite and Energy Intake. The safety and scientific validity of this ... Energy intake is assessed by ad libitum hot meal (Pytt I Panna, Swedish hash) provided 210 min after the test puddings, which ...
  • Owing to a lack of data on appetite, energy intake and energy expenditure among individuals who regularly supplement their diets with sugary (or artificially sweetened) food and drink, researchers revisited previous data on sucrose and artificial sweetener supplementation among overweight people. (foodnavigator.com)
  • They sought to compare the effects of sucrose on energy intake, energy expenditure and appetite sensation on overweight subjects who participated in 10-week supplementation of either sucrose or artificial sweeteners. (foodnavigator.com)
  • BMR increased in the sucrose group, but no difference in 24-hour energy expenditure was found between the two groups in week 10. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Contrary to current recommendations, energy intake should not exceed energy expenditure.TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01954342.FUNDING This study was funded by the National Institutes of Health (R01DK099175) and the Clinical Research Cores at Pennington Biomedical Research Center (U54GM104940 and P30DK072476). (jci.org)
  • Obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. (jci.org)
  • Most important, these transcriptional changes were accompanied by a marked decrease in whole-body energy expenditure. (jci.org)
  • Thus, the activation of the HBP by nutrients represents a biochemical link between nutrient availability, mitochondrial proteins, and energy expenditure, and it is likely to play an important role in the regulation of energy balance. (jci.org)
  • Obesity is a multifactorial and complex affectation that is characterized by a long-term excess energy intake (EI) above energy expenditure (EE). (nih.gov)
  • Insufficient sleep is associated with obesity, yet little is known about how repeated nights of insufficient sleep influence energy expenditure and balance. (pnas.org)
  • We studied 16 adults in a 14- to 15-d-long inpatient study and quantified effects of 5 d of insufficient sleep, equivalent to a work week, on energy expenditure and energy intake compared with adequate sleep. (pnas.org)
  • When daily energy intake is in excess of energy expenditure (EE) a state of positive energy balance occurs. (pnas.org)
  • Comparison of rEI with energy requirements estimated by using total energy expenditure predicted (pTEE) from age, weight, height and sex using a previously published equation. (cambridge.org)
  • Energy intake and expenditure in women runners and non-runners were assessed by weighed food records, evaluation of minute-by-minute activity diaries, and indirect calorimetry. (cambridge.org)
  • The runners showed no evidence of compensating for the increased energy expenditure associated with running by engaging in lower-intensity activities during non-running time. (cambridge.org)
  • There is a need for simple and safe methods to prevent weight gain and re-gain, for example by increasing energy expenditure and decreasing spontaneous energy intake (EI). (nature.com)
  • Studies have shown that nutritional and food-related non-nutritional factors influence the adjustment of EI and energy expenditure as compounds can enhance diet-induced thermogenesis and suppress appetite. (nature.com)
  • Resting energy expenditure test (REE). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • There were no effects of WP or fiber on insulin sensitivity, body composition, energy expenditure, incretins, or 24-h BP. (nature.com)
  • Neither WP nor dietary fiber from wheat bran affected insulin sensitivity, 24-h BP, gut hormone responses, body composition, or energy expenditure compared with MD and low dietary fiber. (nature.com)
  • However, although key parameters related to energy depletion and repletion correlate well with energy intake, they correlate poorly with energy expenditure. (sciencemag.org)
  • Depletion-repletion models, therefore, do not explain the matching of energy intake with expenditure that results in the long-term stability of fat stores. (sciencemag.org)
  • We investigated whether there is a difference in resting energy expenditure between 26 vegetarians and 26 non-vegetarians and the correlation between some nutritional factors and inflammatory markers with resting energy expenditure. (mdpi.com)
  • All underwent instrumental examinations to assess the difference in body composition, nutrient intake and resting energy expenditure. (mdpi.com)
  • A higher resting energy expenditure was found in vegetarians than in non-vegetarians ( p = 0.008). (mdpi.com)
  • After adjustment for cytokines, log 10 interleukin-10 (IL-10) still correlated with resting energy expenditure ( p = 0.02). (mdpi.com)
  • Resting energy expenditure was positively correlated with a specific component of the vegetarian's diet, i.e. , vegetable fats. (mdpi.com)
  • Furthermore, we showed that IL-10 was positively associated with resting energy expenditure in this population. (mdpi.com)
  • The objective was to evaluate overweight and obese children's ability to report reproducible and valid estimates of energy intake (EI) by using digital camera food records (FR) during a 2-year study, compared with objectively measured total energy expenditure (TEE). (hindawi.com)
  • He has demonstrated that circulating factors released by the adipose tissue could reach the hypothalamus in order to modulate food intake and energy expenditure, and thus regulate body weight ( Kennedy, 1953 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Studies have shown that these babies have higher energy expenditure and lower energy intake compared with babies without CLD/BPD. (cochrane.org)
  • To investigate the adequacy of food rations to supply energy needs in cold-temperature environments, caloric expenditure and intake and body composition changes were measured in a group of infantrymen during a 10-day field exercise in the Canadian Arctic. (arctichealth.org)
  • Energy expenditure was measured by the doubly labeled water method (n = 10), and caloric intake was measured by complete food intake records (n = 20). (arctichealth.org)
  • Energy reporting quality was estimated by ratios of energy intake (EI) to both basal metabolic rate (BMR) and total energy expenditure (TEE). (arctichealth.org)
  • Micronutrient requirements do not scale linearly with physical activity-related energy expenditure (AEE). (mdpi.com)
  • Total energy expenditure (TEE) was estimated by summing the basal metabolic rate (BMR, Harris-Benedict), AEE, and 10% of TEE for the thermic effect of food, to calculate the physical activity levels (PAL = TEE/BMR). (mdpi.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -This study assesses the validity of dietary data from African-American women with type 2 diabetes by comparing reported energy intake (EI) with total energy expenditure (TEE) estimated by an accelerometer and basal metabolic rate (BMR). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The purpose of this research was to assess the validity of diet self-reports in a sample of older African-American women with type 2 diabetes by comparing reported EI with total energy expenditure (TEE) and basal metabolic rate (BMR). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In order to evaluate the influence of physical exercise and protein intake on Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) and Postprandial Energy Expenditure (PEE), 16 healthy, normal-weight, 15 year-old, adolescent males at the same stage of pubertal development were studied. (eurekamag.com)
  • 30% protein, 32% fat, 38% CHO in Group B). An increase in postprandial energy expenditure, relative to basal, was observed in all individuals. (eurekamag.com)
  • This study examined energy expenditure, dietary behavior, and energy balance of female tennis and soccer student-athletes during a competitive season. (srce.hr)
  • There were no sport specific differences in energy expenditure or dietary behaviors. (srce.hr)
  • Energy expenditure of professional soccer players during official games. (srce.hr)
  • Assessing the energy expenditure of elite female soccer players: A preliminary study. (srce.hr)
  • Also detailed are recommendations for both physical activity and energy expenditure to maintain health and decrease the risk of disease. (nap.edu)
  • Comparison of energy expenditure, body composition, metabolic disorders, and energy intake between obese children with a history of craniopharyngioma and children with multifactorial obesity" Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism , vol. 28, no. 11-12, 2015, pp. 1305-1312. (degruyter.com)
  • The hypothalamus is a processing centre that integrates signals from the brain, peripheral circulation and gastrointestinal tract to regulate energy intake and expenditure. (biologists.org)
  • Numerous factors likely contribute to age-related weight gain, including a reduction in energy expenditure, a reduction in energy requirements, and an increased susceptibility to energy overconsumption ( 4 - 8 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Boshouwers FMG, Nicaise E (1987) Physical activity and energy expenditure of laying hens as affected by light intensity. (springer.com)
  • Macleod MG, Jewitt TR, White J, Verbrugge M, Mitchell MA (1982) The contribution of locomotor activity to energy expenditure in the domestic fowl. (springer.com)
  • Edholm OG, Fletcher JG, Widdowson EM, Mccance RA: The energy expenditure and food intake of individual men. (aaem.pl)
  • Relationships between intake or expenditure and body mass when there is a significant mass effect but no significant treatment effect. (biologists.org)
  • 3D plot showing intake or expenditure (vertical axis) in relation to both fat and lean body mass in a situation where there are significant mass effects and a significant treatment effect but no interactions. (biologists.org)
  • Overweight, energy expenditure and caloric intake are associated with an increased prevalence of asthma. (bmj.com)
  • To measure resting energy expenditure and calculate caloric intake of overweight adolescents with asthma and compare results with those of groups of well-nourished adolescents with asthma and overweight adolescents without asthma. (bmj.com)
  • After 1 y, both groups had decreased their energy intake (EI) relative to total energy expenditure, but the effect was more pronounced for the intervention group than for the control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • Overweight and obesity result from a combination of genetic predisposition and lifestyle where an imbalance in energy intake (EI) and total energy expenditure (TEE) is the key factor. (diva-portal.org)
  • Dietary intake and physical activity were assessed to estimate daily energy intake, daily energy expenditure, and resting metabolic rate. (humankinetics.com)
  • Although groups demonstrated comparable daily energy intake, gymnasts exhibited a higher daily energy expenditure resulting in a daily energy deficit. (humankinetics.com)
  • Contents: 3 7 A Suitable Method of Recording Nutritional Intake & Energy Expenditure Over One Week Training Period: Sheets 1 22 Diet files, Nutritional Intake & values. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • It was concluded that post-exercise macronutrient intake following endurance exercise can attenuate reductions in body weight and improve nitrogen balance during 7 days of increased energy expenditure. (humankinetics.com)
  • Differences in energy expenditure presumably play an important role, although more research is needed to clarify the complex association between energy intake and nutritional state. (eur.nl)
  • Individualized nutritional care is suggested, preferably based on energy expenditure, in order to avoid malnutrition, but also overweight. (eur.nl)
  • We estimated that energy intake requirements for recommended weight gain during the second and third trimesters were not increased as compared with energy requirements early in pregnancy (34 ± 53 kcal/d, P = 0.83).CONCLUSION We here provide what we believe are the first evidence-based recommendations for energy intake in pregnant women with obesity. (jci.org)
  • In the second study, intake at lunch as well as hunger ratings were significantly increased after skipping breakfast (by 144 kcal), leaving a net caloric deficit of 408 kcal by the end of the day. (nih.gov)
  • 135 kcal/kg/day) or standard energy intake (98 to 135 kcal/kg/day). (cochrane.org)
  • By contrast, the energy intake of male consumers over 80 years amounted to 1,966 kcal per day on average. (statista.com)
  • Popkin and colleagues ( 16 ) reported that daily energy consumption among habitual water drinkers in the general adult population was approximately 9% (194 kcal/day) less than those who do not drink water. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A meta-analysis of short-term randomized controlled trials (involving 129 comparisons) showed reduced total energy intake for low-calorie sweetener versus sugar-sweetened food or beverage consumption before an ad libitum meal (about −94 kcal per day), with no difference versus water (−2 kcal per day). (drsharma.ca)
  • Using similar intake metrics, TEI was 893±353and 1356±560 kcal for breakfast and dinner, respectively. (wku.edu)
  • estimated caloric intake = 2068.75±516.66 kcal/day, 2174.05±500.55 kcal/day, and 1673.17±530.68 kcal/day. (bmj.com)
  • A new scientific study from Oxford Brookes University says that having caloric beverages like fizzy colas and packaged juices has different affects on short-term total energy intake in men and women. (medindia.net)
  • However, while the mean total energy intakes for men following all four beverages were similar, women demonstrated a trend for greater energy intake following the three caloric drinks compared to the control. (medindia.net)
  • Long term use of sugars can induce excess caloric intake and/or obesity. (umd.edu)
  • One of the most persistently hypothesized modifiable risk factors for breast cancer is caloric intake ( 2 , 3 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • This reduction in caloric intake was mainly a result of reduced fat and pop consumption. (drsharma.ca)
  • But what exactly is the evidence that low-calorie sweeteners (of which there are many) may actually have non-caloric effects on energy intake or body weight? (drsharma.ca)
  • Thus, contrary to what is often stated in popular media or even by some experts, there is little if any evidence either from animal or human studies that the use low-caloric sweeteners has any measurable impact on energy intake (other than reducing total caloric intake) or body weight. (drsharma.ca)
  • caloric intake was estimated from dietary recalls. (bmj.com)
  • Estimated caloric intake was greater than REE only in the group of adolescents with asthma. (bmj.com)
  • Here we summarize topics covered in an SFN symposium that considered how and why exercise and energy intake affect neuroplasticity and, conversely, how the brain regulates peripheral energy metabolism. (jneurosci.org)
  • Recent findings described in this Symposium provide a window into the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which exercise and IERs bolster brainpower, protect neurons against injury and neurodegenerative disorders, and improve systemic energy metabolism and function of the autonomic nervous system. (jneurosci.org)
  • We therefore focus on the results of studies of the effects of running and IER on brain function and robustness (stress resistance and resiliency), and on systemic energy metabolism. (jneurosci.org)
  • Exercise and IER/fasting exert complex integrated adaptive responses in the brain and peripheral tissues involved in energy metabolism. (jneurosci.org)
  • These findings provide evidence that sleep plays a key role in energy metabolism. (pnas.org)
  • Sleep influences energy metabolism ( 14 , 15 ), and one function of sleep is to conserve energy ( 16 ). (pnas.org)
  • It is difficult to relate short term effects of the metabolism of absorbed nutrients which indeed occur 7 , to the long term precision with which energy exchange is often regulated. (open.ac.uk)
  • Hypothalamus is a key area involved in the control of metabolism and food intake via the integrations of numerous signals (hormones, neurotransmitters, metabolites) from various origins. (frontiersin.org)
  • ROS are known to act in many signaling pathways in different peripheral organs, but also in hypothalamus where they regulate food intake and metabolism by acting on different types of neurons, including proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and agouti-related protein (AgRP)/neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this review we focus our attention on factors that are able to modulate hypothalamic ROS release in order to control food intake and energy metabolism, and whose deregulations could participate to the development of pathological conditions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Obviously, even this analysis is not going to silence the sceptics, who will continue to claim that somehow low-calorie sweeteners are still messing up your energy intake or metabolism. (drsharma.ca)
  • In: Mount LE (ed) Energy metabolism. (springer.com)
  • In: Ekern A, Sunstol F (eds) Energy metabolism of farm animals. (springer.com)
  • Proc 9th Symp Energy Metabolism. (springer.com)
  • Pym RAE, Farrell DJ (1977) A comparison of the energy and nitrogen metabolism of broilers selected for increased growth rate, food consumption and conversion of food to gain. (springer.com)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to determine the influence of post-exercise macronutrient intake on weight loss, protein metabolism, and endurance exercise performance during a period of increased training volume. (humankinetics.com)
  • The findings suggest that women adapted to high levels of activity may possess mechanisms to maintain body-weight without significantly increasing energy intake. (cambridge.org)
  • Ad libitum EI was not significantly different between treatments but was reduced by 8% (−403±183 kJ), 8% (−400±335 kJ) and 3% (−151±377 kJ) compared to placebo after intake of tyrosine, GTE and caffeine, respectively. (nature.com)
  • Energy underreporters had significantly lower reported fat, higher protein, but similar carbohydrate intakes compared with non-underreporters. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Energy intake at an ad libitum lunch buffet was significantly lower for 8 g than 4 g fenugreek fiber, but not significantly different from control, although there was a trend towards a lower intake (p = 0.11). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Fenugreek fiber (8 g) significantly increased satiety and reduced energy intake at lunch, suggesting it may have short-term beneficial effects in obese subjects. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In their first lactation, mothers with enlarged litters (n=9, 16 pups) weaned significantly smaller pups, culled more pups, and increased MEO and food intake compared to mothers with reduced litters (n=9, 5 pups). (biologists.org)
  • In the second lactation no significant differences in pup mass or litter size were observed between groups, but mothers that previously reared enlarged litters significantly decreased pup mass, MEO and food intake compared to mothers with reduced litters. (biologists.org)
  • Eating, meal and snack frequencies were statistically significantly and positively associated with total energy intake. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • SGRE sees the demand for wind energy rising significantly with the global energy transition underway, growing calls for the post-COVID-19 recovery to be underpinned by "green economy" actions, and an increasing number of countries and companies looking to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. (offshore-energy.biz)
  • At group level, the energy intake corresponded to the estimated energy requirements, both at baseline and at follow-up, although the intervention resulted in a significantly higher energy intake from the meals cooked in the ward kitchens. (diva-portal.org)
  • Conclusions: We found a significantly increase in the daily energy intake but not in self-estimated appetite in patients recovering from an infection. (lu.se)
  • Energy requirement at weight constancy of the GO cats was even on fat-free mass (FFM) significantly (P = 0.02) lower (162.6 kJ/kg FFM/d) than that of the "normal" lean cats (246 kJ/kg FFM/d). (uzh.ch)
  • However, the increase in bone strength was not associated with increase in dietary Ca, as neither the medium- nor high-Ca intake groups differed significantly from the low-Ca controls. (galileo-training.com)
  • Although thiamine or vitamin B1, vitamin B6, copper and potassium intakes were significantly higher in the pistachio group. (nutfruit.org)
  • The energy intake of older HIV-infected women with low physical activity levels was significantly lower (10 090 kJ) than that of the older HIV-infected women in the normal to high physical activity category (14 519 kJ) ( p -value 0.03). (journals.co.za)
  • 1 Because the database of nutrients for the Chinese diet is incomplete, we present data on dietary intakes for the US women only. (bmj.com)
  • We calculated intake of energy and energy generating nutrients from the data on dietary intake, using standard software. (bmj.com)
  • This Web site is an on-line version of one volume in a series of reports that present dietary reference values for the intake of nutrients by Americans and Canadians. (worldcat.org)
  • This new book is part of a series of books presenting dietary reference values for the intakes of nutrients. (nap.edu)
  • Q Is soft drink consumption associated with increased energy intake, increased body weight, displacement of nutrients, and an increased risk of chronic disease? (bmj.com)
  • The associations between soft drink consumption and intake of various nutrients and various health conditions were not presented by study type and so are not reported here. (bmj.com)
  • Evening energy intake, changes in anthropometric measures, daily intake of energy and selected nutrients were assessed. (nutfruit.org)
  • Tolerable upper intake levels (UL), to caution against excessive intake of nutrients (like vitamin A) that can be harmful in large amounts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Roberts, Stiebeling, and Mitchell surveyed all available data, created a tentative set of allowances for "energy and eight nutrients", and submitted them to experts for review (Nestle, 35). (wikipedia.org)
  • The steady climb in worldwide obesity rates is often dually attributed to an increasingly sedentary lifestyle and the energy content of modern diets, with a growing body of research linking increased sugar consumption with higher body weight (see here and here). (foodnavigator.com)
  • Over weeks, months, or years, a small cumulative impact of sustained positive energy balance results in weight gain and obesity ( 10 ). (pnas.org)
  • Changes in the expression of these neuropeptides do not disrupt the total energy intake immediately but may contribute to the obesity caused by long term intake of sugars. (umd.edu)
  • The energy content of whole, fresh fruit derives primarily from simple sugars, which are currently under heightened scrutiny for their potential contribution to obesity and chronic disease risk. (frontiersin.org)
  • RCTs, and particularly those of higher quality, suggest that increasing whole, fresh fruit consumption promotes weight maintenance or modest weight loss over periods of 3-24 weeks (moderate certainty), with limited evidence suggesting that a high intake of fruit favors weight loss among people with overweight or obesity. (frontiersin.org)
  • The aim was to investigate the antioxidant capacity of different energy restricted diets in the treatment of obesity, paying emphasis to the effect of incorporating omega-3 fatty acids with or without other seafood components. (springer.com)
  • Now Marci Gluck and colleagues, present a proof of concept study published in OBESITY , suggesting that effects of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)aimed at the LDLPFC may reduce energy intake and promote weight loss in individuals with obesity. (drsharma.ca)
  • In this proof of principle clinical trial, participants with obesity receiving anodal versus cathodal tDCS to the LDLPFC tended to have lower ad libitum energy intake, less fat and soda intake, and significant differences in weight change. (drsharma.ca)
  • To investigate the effect of three different food ingredients tyrosine, green tea extract (GTE) and caffeine on resting metabolic rate and haemodynamics, and on ad libitum energy intake (EI) and appetite. (nature.com)
  • While such correlations are suggestive, the effect of industrial processing per se, independent of dietary macronutrient composition, on ad libitum energy intake has not been carefully investigated. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Therefore, we will conduct a feeding study in 20 adult men and women to investigate the differences in ad libitum energy intake resulting from consuming two test diets for a pair of 2-week periods in a randomized, crossover design during a single 4-week period. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To determine differences in ad libitum energy intake (kcals) during 2 weeks of eating an ultra-processed diet as compared to 2 weeks of an unprocessed diet matched for presented calories, macronutrient composition, sugar, fiber, and sodium. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Ad libitum energy intake [ Time Frame: Energy intake is assessed 210 min after the 4 test breakfasts, which are served one week apart. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The objective was to investigate whether and, if so, how their energy and nutrient intake and weight were affected. (diva-portal.org)
  • Weight, energy and nutrient intake were recorded before and during the intervention by 3-day food records validated by Goldberg's cutoff method. (diva-portal.org)
  • In conclusion, the intervention resulted in no adverse consequences for participants in terms of energy and nutrient intake. (diva-portal.org)
  • The findings regarding nutrient intake and health outcomes are further limited by the small number of included studies. (bmj.com)
  • 8 - 9 - Results & Conclusion 9 - Analysing Your Diet With Regards to Macro Nutrient Intake, Fluid Intake And Energy Balance. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • Energy and nutrient intake in Mexican children 1 to 4 years old. (scielosp.org)
  • To document the energy and nutrient intake of Mexican preschool children using data from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT 2006). (scielosp.org)
  • A new study examined the effect of consuming pistachios versus an afternoon snack on satiety, self-reported energy, self-reported nutrient intake, body weight and body composition. (nutfruit.org)
  • The new title for these values Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), is the inclusive name being given to this new approach. (nap.edu)
  • Research has shown that, following a single bout of exercise, individuals will typically either reduce energy intake acutely or wait an extended time before initiating food consumption, leading to a short-term energy deficit [ 5 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Water consumed before a meal has been found to reduce energy intake among nonobese older adults. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • However, to our knowledge it is unknown whether such an effect is evident in overweight and obese older adults, a population who would benefit from a strategy designed to suppress hunger and reduce energy intake at meals. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Although immediate pre-meal water ingestion has been shown to reduce energy intake in healthy young men, no studies are available regarding potential mechanisms underlying the effect of energy intake in response to different temperatures of pre-meal water ingestion. (springer.com)
  • By reducing energy density, low-energy sweeteners (LES) might be expected to reduce energy intake (EI) and body weight (BW). (sweeteners.org)
  • In conclusion, the results show that GLP-1 enhanced satiety and reduced energy intake and thus may play a physiological regulatory role in controlling appetite and energy intake in humans. (nih.gov)
  • Moore MS, Dodd CJ, Welsman JR, Armstrong N: Short-term appetite and energy intake following imposed exercise in 9- to 10-year-old girls. (aaem.pl)
  • In undernourished populations, nutrition education on increasing daily energy and protein intake is recommended for pregnant women to reduce the risk of low birthweight neonates. (who.int)
  • The implementation of early malnutrition screening and short nutritional interventions improved energy and protein intake, increasing the percentage of patients who meet their requirements and avoiding deterioration of nutritional status. (isciii.es)
  • The total protein intake was insufficient both at baseline and follow-up and only met the participants' needs to 8122% and 83 +/- 26%, respectively. (diva-portal.org)
  • The low protein intake at both time points causes concern and suggests the need for further nutritional interventions to optimize older people's protein intake. (diva-portal.org)
  • Inactive persons may have insufficient micronutrient intake because of low energy intake (EI). (mdpi.com)
  • It follows that prevalence of insufficient micronutrient intake from food in NHANES might be partly determined by low energy turnover from insufficient PAL. (mdpi.com)
  • The energy and micronutrient intake were determined by weighing the food intake of the subjects and part of the food samples were subjected to chemical analysis The mean mineral intakes were: Ca 567 mg/kg, Mg 261 mg/kg, Zn 7.58mg/kg, Fe 19.8 mg/kg and P 136.8 mg/kg. (scialert.net)
  • In conclusion, a daily pistachio snack for a month did not affect body weight or composition but it did improve micronutrient intake. (nutfruit.org)
  • These data are consistent with published literature demonstrating that skipping a meal does not result in accurate energy compensation at subsequent meals and suggests that skipping breakfast may be an effective means to reduce daily energy intake in some adults. (nih.gov)
  • The authors found that there was no difference in energy intake at the meal immediately after exercise but a higher overall energy intake on the days when breakfast was consumed [ 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The conceptually simpler "depletion-repletion" models propose that some parameter of immediately available energy be constantly monitored, with declining amounts triggering meal onset. (sciencemag.org)
  • Thus, a meal is initiated when available energy (for example, blood glucose or lipid availability or total energy derived from these fuels) falls to a threshold value and is terminated when substrate levels are sufficiently replenished. (sciencemag.org)
  • Thus, the onset of eating is not necessarily tied to immediate energy needs, nor is meal termination tied to the replenishment of depleted substrates. (sciencemag.org)
  • Hence, animals consume meals when their lifestyle and the environment permit, and energy regulation occurs through modulation of the amount of food eaten at each meal to maintain energy stores. (sciencemag.org)
  • Energy intake is assessed by ad libitum hot meal (Pytt I Panna, Swedish hash) provided 210 min after the test puddings, which are given as breakfast. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Consistent with this, single-meal RCTs suggest that consuming whole, fresh fruit tends to decrease energy intake, particularly when consumed prior to a meal or when displacing more energy-dense foods (moderate certainty). (frontiersin.org)
  • The relationship of meal and snacking patterns with overall dietary intake and relative weight in children is unclear. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The current study was done to examine how eating, snack and meal frequencies relate to total energy intake and diet quality. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The cross-sectional associations of eating, meal and snack frequencies with total energy intake and diet quality, measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2005 (HEI-2005), were examined in separate multivariable mixed models. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Our purpose was to determine whether premeal water consumption reduces meal energy intake in overweight and obese older adults. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Energy intake at each meal was covertly measured. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • P =0.004), representing an approximate 13% reduction in meal energy intake. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • We recently reported that premeal water consumption reduced energy intake at a meal in nonobese older adults, but not in younger adults ( 14 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • To compare the effect of dark and milk chocolate on appetite sensations and energy intake at an ad libitum test meal in healthy, normal-weight men. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Energy intake at the ad libitum meal was 17% lower after consumption of the dark chocolate than after the milk chocolate ( P =0.002). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • To date, three laboratory-based studies have examined the effects of pre-meal water ingestion on subsequent energy intake in various individuals [ 5 , 6 , 7 ] with disparate effects. (springer.com)
  • Collectively, to our knowledge, none of previous studies [ 5 , 6 , 7 ] have examined the effects of pre-meal water ingestion on gastric motility and subsequent energy intake in healthy young adults. (springer.com)
  • Sows received 8 (Lo) or 16 (Hi) Meal of metabolizable energy (ME)/d during lactation and 5.4 Meal of ME/d post-weaning. (unl.edu)
  • Does anyone have any suggestions/meal ideas that could help to satiate my calorie/energy requirements? (crohnsforum.com)
  • A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study to Assess Effects of a Daily Pistachio (Pistacia Vera) Afternoon Snack on Next-Meal Energy Intake, Satiety, and Anthropometry in French Women. (nutfruit.org)
  • The benefits and harms of various ways of increasing energy intake, including higher energy density of milk feed and/or fluid volume (clinically realistic target volume should be set), parenteral nutrition, and the use of various constituents of energy like carbohydrate, protein and fat for this purpose also need to be assessed. (cochrane.org)
  • In Mexico, the national nutrition surveys conducted in 1988 and 1999 have documented the energy and macronutrient intakes 11,12 in several population groups, making it possible to observe the polarization of food intake and nutrient contribution among population groups from different socioeconomic strata and regions of the country. (scielosp.org)
  • The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (United States). (wikipedia.org)
  • The DRI values differ from those used in nutrition labeling on food and dietary supplement products in the U.S. and Canada, which uses Reference Daily Intakes (RDIs) and Daily Values (%DV) which were based on outdated RDAs from 1968 but were updated as of 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), the daily dietary intake level of a nutrient considered sufficient by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine to meet the requirements of 97.5% of healthy individuals in each life-stage and sex group. (wikipedia.org)
  • No differences were observed for energy intake for the remainder of the day. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The aim of this study was to examine the differences in physical activity and their contribution to differences in energy utilization in mice, selected either high or low for food intake, adjusted for body weight, which show correlated responses in lean content and metabolic rate. (springer.com)
  • In conclusion quantifiable differences in food intake and behaviour in cats predisposed to overweight compared to "normal" lean cats were found. (uzh.ch)
  • After 44 days the apparent absorption of Ca was determined from the differences between the Ca intakes and faecal Ca outputs. (galileo-training.com)
  • Deriving more than 75% of total food energy from carbohydrates is often seen in impoverished nations where access to protein and fat sources are minimal. (worldatlas.com)
  • Taking second place in carbohydrate intake are both Bangladesh and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) with 80% of the diet coming from carbohydrates. (worldatlas.com)
  • In addition, high-fat intake does not induce as potent satiety signals or a compensation effect on subsequent EI as do diets rich in carbohydrates or proteins. (nih.gov)
  • We also found that transitioning from an insufficient to adequate/recovery sleep schedule decreased energy intake, especially of fats and carbohydrates, and led to −0.03 ± 0.50 kg weight loss. (pnas.org)
  • The sex of the embryo was our main interest and dependent variables, one at a time, were intakes of energy, animal lipids, vegetable lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins. (bmj.com)
  • Women carrying male rather than female fetuses had an 8.0% higher intake of protein, a 9.2% higher intake of carbohydrates, a 10.9% higher intake of lipids of animal origin, and a 14.9% higher intake of lipids of vegetable origin. (bmj.com)
  • In addition to providing all of the body's macronutrients (carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins) and most micronutrients (minerals and vitamins), feeding behavior is a fundamental aspect of energy homeostasis, the process by which body fuel stored in the form of adipose tissue is held constant over long intervals. (sciencemag.org)
  • Used for sources of energy, such as fats and carbohydrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The previous five countries took up the top three positions in carbohydrate intake. (worldatlas.com)
  • As noted in the list, the countries with the highest carbohydrate intake are all considered developing nations. (worldatlas.com)
  • The findings indicate that the lack of carbohydrate intake during game/match days contributed to this negative energy deficit. (srce.hr)
  • Guidelines for daily carbohydrate intake: Do athletes achieve them? (srce.hr)
  • Gymnasts also had higher carbohydrate intake but lower fat and calcium intake. (humankinetics.com)
  • Intake of whole grains, refined grains, and cereal fiber measured with 7-d diet records and associations with risk factors for chronic disease. (nature.com)
  • Furthermore, a higher energy from diet, fibre, vegetable fats intake and interleukin-β (IL-1β) was found between the groups. (mdpi.com)
  • In contrast, MDA statistically only decreased ( P = 0.026) after the cod-based diet intake with no changes after the other nutritional treatments. (springer.com)
  • In this study, we assessed the frequencies of adherence to special diets, in a population of individuals with type 1 diabetes, and investigated the association between special diet adherence and dietary intake, measured as dietary patterns and nutrient intakes. (arctichealth.org)
  • Mean carbohydrate intakes were close to the lower levels of the recommendation in all diet groups, which was reflected in low mean fibre intakes but high frequencies of meeting the sucrose recommendations. (arctichealth.org)
  • A factorial design was used with diet combos that consisted of two standardized ileal digestible (SID) AA levels (Either 14.7 or 20.6 g/d SID Lys) and two energy levels (28.24 or 33.76 MJ/d). (asas.org)
  • When sows farrowed, they were fed a commercial lactation diet until day 21 of lactation with an increase in intake of 1 kg/d for five days. (asas.org)
  • Sows fed the high energy diet had an increase in litter weight and a shorter farrowing duration likely caused by more energy being allocated to farrowing. (asas.org)
  • Pregnancy requires a healthy diet that includes an adequate intake of energy, protein, vitamins and minerals to meet maternal and fetal needs. (who.int)
  • Diet energy density (ED) may affect energy intake (EI) and energy balance. (avhandlingar.se)
  • A new study published online in Food and Chemical Toxicology ​ on November 1 ( D.C. Mitchell et al, Beverage caffeine intakes in the US ​ ​) analyzed data from seven-day diet records of 42,851 Americans during the period Oct 2010 to Sept 2011, he said. (foodnavigator-usa.com)
  • In a first study, following 5 days of a weight-maintaining diet, participants received cathodal or sham tDCS (2 mA, 40 min) on three consecutive mornings and then ate ad libitum from a computerized vending machine, which recorded energy intake. (drsharma.ca)
  • Dietary intake was assessed with diet history interviews covering 14 d at baseline and 4-d food records after 1 y and was evaluated according to national dietary recommendations. (diva-portal.org)
  • I am trying to now clean my diet up a ton more now that I can expand it but am struggling to ditch the sugar/carb cravings because of the energy issues. (crohnsforum.com)
  • A more active lifestyle and energy-reduced diet that focuses on food quality could partially address BMI parameters in HIV-uninfected women. (journals.co.za)
  • It said the 5.0 percent level should be a target for people to aim for - calling it a "conditional recommendation" - but also reiterated a "strong recommendation" that sugar should account for no more that 10 percent of total energy intake. (reuters.com)
  • Five percent of total energy intake is equivalent to around 25 grams (around 6 teaspoons) of sugar per day for an adult of normal Body Mass Index (BMI). (reuters.com)
  • The total energy consumed is monitored. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Energy-adjusted total fat intake was not associated with risk of total BPH, but intakes of eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic, and arachidonic acids were associated with a moderate increase in risk of total BPH. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • We observed modest direct associations between BPH and intakes of total energy, protein, and specific long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Energy balance was calculated from the change in body energy content by repeated DXA scans in 107 patients for a total of 164 4-month periods. (avhandlingar.se)
  • While the FDA has raised concerns about the recent proliferation of caffeine-containing products on the market, particularly those marketed at young people, new data suggests energy drinks and shots contribute "minimally" to total caffeine intakes, say toxicology experts. (foodnavigator-usa.com)
  • however, only 5-7% of total caffeine intake was attributable to energy drinks in these age groups. (foodnavigator-usa.com)
  • The aim of the current study was to determine the self-selected field total energy intake (TEI), composition and patterns of WLFF feeding during wildland fire suppression shifts. (wku.edu)
  • However, impact of total energy intake (EI) on mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) including types of CVD has not been studied. (ahajournals.org)
  • Neither total physical activity nor total energy intake differed between adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes and healthy age-matched control girls. (diva-portal.org)
  • Further, SFA intake relative to total EI did not differ between the groups at 1 y follow-up. (diva-portal.org)
  • Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR), a range of intake specified as a percentage of total energy intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is increasing concern that consumption of free sugars - particularly in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages - increases overall energy intake and may reduce the intake of foods containing more nutritionally adequate calories," the WHO statement said. (reuters.com)
  • Of the 22 subjects who completed the study (12 in the sucrose group, 10 in the artificial sweeteners group), the sucrose group had a higher overall energy intake than the sweetener group, with a resulting between-group difference of 3.26 MJ. (foodnavigator.com)
  • We believe that the authors' effort may at most point out the need for further careful evaluation of the recommendation to introduce breakfast in hypocaloric regimens for obese people who are not used to have it and might thus increase their overall energy intake. (bmj.com)
  • These results suggest that skipping breakfast prior to morning exercise may aid with reducing overall energy intake. (hindawi.com)
  • Glucagon-like peptide 1 promotes satiety and suppresses energy intake in humans. (nih.gov)
  • In the present study, dark chocolate promotes satiety, lowers the desire to eat something sweet, and suppresses energy intake compared with milk chocolate. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Using a randomized crossover design, the first study examined the effect of having participants consume either (a) no breakfast, (b) a high carbohydrate breakfast (335 kcals), or (c) a high fiber breakfast (360 kcals) on three occasions and measured ad libitum intake at lunch. (nih.gov)
  • The hazard ratio (HR) of incident stones among participants within different categories of PA and EI was assessed with Cox proportion hazards regression adjusted for age, BMI, race, comorbidities, medications, calcium supplement use, fluid and nutrient intakes. (urotoday.com)
  • The participants also completed a food record, from which energy and nutrient intakes were calculated. (arctichealth.org)
  • This review focuses on the molecular signals that modulate food intake while integrating the body's immediate and long-term energy needs. (sciencemag.org)
  • A common dietetic strategy for reducing energy intake while still maintaining nutritional adequacy is to replace full-fat dairy products with reduced-fat varieties. (bartleby.com)
  • However, for many pregnant women, dietary intake of vegetables, meat, dairy products and fruit is often insufficient to meet these needs, particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) where multiple nutritional deficiencies often co-exist. (who.int)
  • Our aim is to determine if early recognition and treatment of malnourished hematological inpatients can improve their oral intake, nutritional status and reduce the length of hospital stay. (isciii.es)
  • More patients reached their energy and protein requirements (41.6 vs. % 63.3%, p = 0.009) and nutritional parameters remained stable. (isciii.es)
  • The hypothesis is tested that low daily energy intake correlates with poor nutritional state. (eur.nl)
  • Because of food rationing during the war, the food guides created by government agencies to direct citizens' nutritional intake also took food availability into account. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on the meta-analysis of the available randomized controlled trials of the effects of breakfast on daily energy intake and body weight, the authors reported that eating vs skipping breakfast on a regular basis was associated with a tendency to greater energy intake and larger weight gain in contrast to what expected based on previous evidence coming mainly from prospective observations (2). (bmj.com)
  • Two reliable authorities (National Institute of Health and New England Journal of Medicine) noticed that already, all dieticians instructed to wait for hunger arousal before meals to limit energy intake for body weight loss. (scirp.org)
  • Dieticians' definition and instructions on hunger for body weight loss miss any distinction from conditioned energy intake and are ineffective. (scirp.org)
  • NIH, NEJM) noticed that already, all dieticians instructed to wait for hunger arousal before meals to limit energy intake for body weight loss. (scirp.org)
  • Gibbons C, Blundell J, Tetens Hoff S, Dahl K, Bauer R, Baekdal T. Effects of oral semaglutide on energy intake, food preference, appetite, control of eating and body weight in subjects with type 2 diabetes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The most commonly identified characteristics associated with energy underreporting are high BMI ( 4 - 6 ), female sex ( 7 - 9 ), increased age ( 10 - 12 ), and the desire to lower body weight ( 13 - 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Results showed sow body weight (BW) increased in sows fed high energy and high AA, but BW decreased during lactation. (asas.org)
  • Energy balance and its components: implications for body weight regulation. (srce.hr)
  • The neutral cannabinoid CB₁ receptor antagonist AM4113 regulates body weight through changes in energy intake in the rat. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The aim of this study was to determine if the neutral cannabinoid CB₁ receptor antagonist, AM4113, regulates body weight in the rat via changes in food intake. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In rats, intraperitoneally administered AM4113 (2, 10 mg kg⁻¹) had a transient inhibitory effect on food intake, while body weight gain was suppressed for the duration of the study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Food intake and body weight gain were also inhibited in rats by oral administration of AM4113 (50 mg kg⁻¹). (biomedsearch.com)
  • These data suggest that blockade of an endocannabinoid tone acting at CB₁ receptors induces an initial, transient reduction in food intake which results in long-term reduction of body weight gain. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Subjects were weight-stable (±2 kg for more than 1 year, determined by self-report), nonsmokers, without major chronic disease (ie, diabetes, coronary heart disease), and not taking medications known to influence food intake or body weight. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Our results, in combination with previous work, point to a role for the LDLPFC in energy intake and body weight regulation. (drsharma.ca)
  • These findings were consistent with energy intake observations in sustained intervention randomized controlled trials (10 comparisons), a meta-analysis of which (with study durations ranging from 4 weeks to 40 months) showed that consumption of low-calorie sweeteners versus sugar led to relatively reduced body weight (nine comparisons), and a similar relative reduction in body weight compared to water (three comparisons). (drsharma.ca)
  • Overall, the balance of evidence indicates that use of low-energy sweeteners in place of sugar, in children and adults, leads to reduced energy intake and body weight, and possibly also when compared with water. (drsharma.ca)
  • It was concluded that selection for food intake adjusted for body weight has led to correlated response in physical activity. (springer.com)
  • Air EL, Benoit SC, Clegg DJ, Seeley RJ, Woods SC: Insulin and leptin combine additively to reduce food intake and body weight in rats. (aaem.pl)
  • The results indicate positive associations between soft drink consumption and energy intake and body weight and negative associations with milk and calcium intake. (bmj.com)
  • Does low-energy sweetener consumption affect energy intake and body weight? (sweeteners.org)
  • This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the role of low calorie sweeteners in appetite control, energy intake and body weight, and for this scope it analysed the available data from 90 animal studies, 12 prospective cohort studies, 129 comparisons in short term experimental studies, and 9 long term RCT's. (sweeteners.org)
  • low calorie sweeteners in beverages may contribute to a lower energy intake and body weight. (sweeteners.org)
  • The authors conclude "We found a considerable weight of evidence in favour of consumption of low energy sweeteners (LES) in place of sugar as helpful in reducing relative energy intake and body weight, with no evidence from the many acute and sustained intervention studies in humans that low energy sweeteners increase energy intake. (sweeteners.org)
  • Aeberli I, Molinari L, Spinas G, Lehmann R, l'Allemand D, Zimmermann MB (2006) Dietary intakes of fat and antioxidant vitamins are predictors of subclinical inflammation in overweight Swiss children. (springer.com)
  • For example, a low intake of iron, zinc, folic acid, calcium, and vitamins A and C has been observed in preschool children of low socioeconomic status living in the southern region, in contrast with high adequacies of fat and proteins and low intake of fiber in children living in the northern and Mexico City regions. (scielosp.org)
  • And the vitamins intakes were vit. (scialert.net)
  • Regular aerobic exercise has beneficial effects on the brain, including improving mood and cognitive function, and intermittent energy restriction (IER)/fasting may have generally similar positive effects on brain function ( Mattson, 2012 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • A variable that may modify the effects exercise has on energy intake is whether the exercise is completed in a fed or fasted state. (hindawi.com)
  • An increasing number of studies have examined the effects of well-known food ingredients on sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity with an aim of preventing positive energy balance in humans ( Kovacs and Mela, 2006 ). (nature.com)
  • In the present study, we investigated the effects of intake of WP and dietary fiber from enzyme-treated wheat bran on other metabolic parameters of the metabolic syndrome. (nature.com)
  • To evaluate the effects of sugar intake on different regions of the hypothalamus (the brain's control center for energy homeostasis) we first developed and then evaluated a microscope-assisted dissection method. (umd.edu)
  • We further evaluated the effects of various sugar solutions on the expression of several important hypothalamic neuropeptides because they play a pivotal role in energy homeostasis. (umd.edu)
  • To date, no randomised controlled trials are available that examine the effects of increased versus standard energy intake for preterm infants with (or developing) CLD/BPD. (cochrane.org)
  • Research should be directed at evaluating the effects of various levels of energy intake on this group of infants on clinically important outcomes like mortality , respiratory status, growth and neurodevelopment. (cochrane.org)
  • Secondarily, the review examines any adverse effects associated with increased energy intake. (cochrane.org)
  • Accurate estimates of dietary intake are important in interpreting the effects of dietary interventions on dietary behaviors and treatment outcomes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Interpretive Summary: Effects of increased energy and amino acid intake in late gestation on reproductive performance, milk composition, metabolic, and redox status of sows. (asas.org)
  • A recent article published in the Journal of Animal Science determines the effects of increased energy and amino acid intake during late gestation on sow performance. (asas.org)
  • While high doses of some of the other ingredients used in energy drinks have been shown in some studies to have cognitive effects, they were typically included in such small amounts in energy drinks that the " the alertness and enhanced mental performance that energy drinks provide" ​was primarily due to the caffeine, he claimed. (foodnavigator-usa.com)
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary fat on food intake and hypothalamic neuropeptides in chickens subjected to two feeding states or two diets. (biologists.org)
  • In humans, 12 prospective cohort studies found inconsistent associations between the use of low-energy sweeteners and body mass index, with overall minimal effects at best. (drsharma.ca)
  • The tests covered 12 young, healthy men, for whom the effects of physical exertion of a moderate and high intensity on the subjective sensation of hunger/satiety, evaluated by means of visual analogue scales, on food intake as well as on the metabolic and hormonal parameters were tested. (aaem.pl)
  • King NA, Burley VJ, Blundell JE: Exercise-induced suppression of appetite: effects on food intake and implications for energy balance. (aaem.pl)
  • Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different temperatures of water on gastric motility and energy intake in healthy young men. (springer.com)
  • The effects of protein and energy intakes by primiparous sows during a 28-day lactation on thyroxine (T 4 ) and urea concentrations in blood serum of sows, and sow and litter performance were examined in two experiments. (unl.edu)
  • Much research has been done on the effects of reduced energy availability on hormonal control of female reproduction. (cyberessays.com)
  • A one-year intervention has modest effects on energy and macronutrient intakes of overweight and obese Swedish children. (diva-portal.org)
  • In conclusion, despite a rather comprehensive intervention, only modest effects were achieved with respect to reduced EI and improved macronutrient intake. (diva-portal.org)
  • This longitudinal experimental study compared effects of self-efficacy, planning and education-based conditions, encouraging adolescents to eat fruit and vegetable in place of energy-dense foods. (uzh.ch)
  • AIMS: To measure the nutritive value of pasture in terms of digestible energy intake (DEI) and dry matter (DM) digestibility, and the effects of increased calcium (Ca) intakes on apparent mineral absorption and bone characteristics in grazing weanling Thoroughbreds. (galileo-training.com)
  • Recent data suggest higher physical activity (PA) and lower energy intake (EI) may be associated with a lower risk of kidney stones. (urotoday.com)
  • We extracted data from NHANES 2003-2006 on 4015 adults (53 ± 18 years (mean ± SD), 29 ± 6 kg/m 2 , 48% women) with valid physical activity (accelerometry) and food intake (2 × 24 h-dietary recall) measures. (mdpi.com)
  • Because an objective measure of physical activity was collected, we were able to calculate EI-to-TEE ratios and did not have to rely on published age- and sex-specific cutoff levels of physical activity ( 18 ), which is an approach often used to define energy underreporting (based on EI-to-BMR ratios) ( 19 , 20 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In a prospective study, we assessed whether energy intake, body size, and physical activity each independently influence breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women and estimated the joint effect of combinations of these individual factors. (aacrjournals.org)
  • 95% CI, 1.27-3.45) of women with the most favorable energy balance (the lowest energy intake, lowest BMI, and most physical activity). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Although our estimates of absolute energy intake, based on a food frequency questionnaire, are imperfect, these results suggest that energy intake, in addition to BMI and physical activity may be independently associated with breast cancer risk. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Halter HM, Wenk C, Schurch A (1980) Effect of feeding level and feed composition on energy utilization, physical activity and growth performance of piglets. (springer.com)
  • The aim of the work was an evaluation of the impact of physical exertion on the regulating of food intake and digestive system hormone release as well as the partly connected phenomenon of evaluating the subjective sensation of hunger and the amount of food consumed at various time following physical exercise. (aaem.pl)
  • After exertion a physical fall was observed in the concentration of insulin in the plasma, for the intake of food resulted in a notable increase in its level. (aaem.pl)
  • Physical highly intensive exertion, results in a temporary reduction in the subjective sensation of hunger but leads to an increased food intake. (aaem.pl)
  • Thus, while promoting physical activity for all individuals is important, strategies to prevent a positive energy balance and subsequent weight gain in healthy individuals may be important for the long-term weight management. (springer.com)
  • The studies described in this thesis addressed body composition in adolescents with type 1 diabetes and the relationships between physical activity, energy intake and changes in body composition. (diva-portal.org)
  • To decrease BMI in overweight and obese children, improved dietary intake and increased physical activity are key elements. (diva-portal.org)
  • Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a 1-y food and physical activity intervention on energy and macronutrient intake in overweight and obese children. (diva-portal.org)
  • Secondary aims evaluated the effect of these 2 treatments on parent weight loss, child and parent dietary intake, child and parent physical activity, parenting style, and parent feeding behaviors. (ovid.com)
  • Secondary outcomes were parent weight loss (BMI), child and parent energy intake, child and parent physical activity (moderate to vigorous physical activity minutes), parenting style, and parent feeding behaviors. (ovid.com)
  • Parent-based treatment was as effective on child weight loss and several secondary outcomes (parent weight loss, parent and child energy intake, and parent and child physical activity). (ovid.com)
  • Background The perimenopausal and postmenopausal periods are times of pronounced physiological change in body mass index (BMI), physical activity and energy intake. (bmj.com)
  • We assessed trends in BMI, physical activity and energy intake across and within visits. (bmj.com)
  • This study aimed to assess physical activity, the body mass index (BMI) and energy intake of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-uninfected and HIV-infected black women in Mangaung. (journals.co.za)
  • Physical activity levels, dietary intake and BMI were determined in younger and older women, aged 25-34 and 35-44 years, respectively. (journals.co.za)
  • Safeguarding a lean BMI in HIV-infected women, by increasing physical activity levels while maintaining current energy intake, with an emphasis on healthy eating practices, could support quality of life. (journals.co.za)
  • To review existing methods and illustrate the use of a new, simple method for identifying inaccurate reports of dietary energy intake (rEI). (cambridge.org)
  • Methods: Dietary intake and ED was assessed by food records (n=251-322). (avhandlingar.se)
  • METHODS: DM intake (DMI) and DEI were determined in 16 weanling Thoroughbreds grazing pasture from their daily faecal DM output, measured over 8 days, divided by the DM indigestible fraction (1-digestible DM) determined in a 6-day digestibility trial. (galileo-training.com)
  • Food intake regulation in children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, it is unknown whether this effect is evident among overweight and obese older adults, a population who would benefit from strategies to improve energy intake regulation. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Sows fed high energy diets had shorter farrowing duration, higher concentrations of fat in colostrum, and higher glucose levels in plasma. (asas.org)
  • Effect of Protein and Energy Intake by Primiparous Sows During Lactati" by J. H. Brendemuhl, A. J. Lewis et al. (unl.edu)
  • Forty-five crossbred primiparous sows were used to determine the relationship of lactation energy intake and the occurrence of post-weaning estrus to (1) body fat (percentage), (2) lean body mass (LBM) and (3) qualitative and quantitative characteristics of adipose tissue. (unl.edu)
  • Applications include: Composition of diets for schools, prisons, hospitals or nursing homes Industries developing new foods and dietary supplements Healthcare policy makers and public health officials The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) refers to the collective set of information as Dietary Reference Values, with Population Reference Intake (PRI) instead of RDA, and Average Requirement instead of EAR. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whole-grain intake and cereal fiber are associated with lower abdominal adiposity in older adults. (nature.com)
  • Yet fruit also has a relatively low energy density, moderate palatability/reward value, and high fiber content, which together may limit energy intake. (frontiersin.org)
  • Effect of fenugreek fiber on satiety, blood glucose and insulin response and energy intake in obese subjects. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, the groups did not differ in the proportion children who met the recommended intake of dietary fiber. (diva-portal.org)
  • Both groups were below the recommended dietary allowances for fiber, water, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin intake. (humankinetics.com)
  • Their concern about the energy, saturated fat and salt intake from pizza is in complete agreement with ours and other findings on current pizza compositions [1, 2]. (aappublications.org)
  • Emerging findings elucidate cellular and molecular mechanisms by which exercise and energy intake modify the plasticity of neural circuits in ways that affect brain health. (jneurosci.org)
  • Our findings support the hypothesis that women carrying male rather than female embryos may have higher energy requirements and that male embryos may be more susceptible to energy restriction. (bmj.com)
  • Observational and experimental findings indeed suggest that in sufficient quantity, refined sugar can increase energy intake and adiposity ( 11 , 12 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Findings suggest that snacking increases energy intake in schoolchildren. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • These findings demonstrate that consuming water at 2 °C reduces energy intake and this reduction may be related to the modulation of the gastric motility. (springer.com)
  • Both the liver ( 2 ) and the brain ( 1 , 3 ) have been hypothesized to monitor and respond to changes of immediately available energy in the control of food intake. (sciencemag.org)
  • Valassi E, Scacchi M, Cavagnini F: Neuroendocrine control of food intake. (aaem.pl)
  • The crucial question raised by these animal experiments is whether such an effect can also occur in humans at levels of energy intake compatible with normal growth and health. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Number 3 in carbohydrate-rich diets comes in with a 79% intake. (worldatlas.com)
  • 0.001) and the AOP statistically increased after the energy restriction period ( P = 0.015), basically due to the seafood-based diets. (springer.com)
  • Birth weights of piglets increased with both high energy and AA diets. (asas.org)
  • Women who were carrying a male embryo had a higher daily energy intake than women who were carrying a female embryo (mean 9025.6 (SE=369.6) kJ v 8258.6 (227.2) kJ). (bmj.com)
  • According to the FAO, the average minimum daily energy requirement is about 1,800 kilocalories (7,500 kJ) per person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing the daily energy intake for these infants may improve their respiratory, growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes. (cochrane.org)
  • As of November 2018, Japanese men aged 15 to 19 years showed the highest average daily energy intake with around 2,527 kilocalories per day. (statista.com)
  • Gymnasts may need to raise their daily energy intake to avoid the energy deficit during periods of intense training. (humankinetics.com)
  • Objective: To compare changes in appetite and daily energy intake with changes in CRP-levels in patients recovering from an infection. (lu.se)
  • Changes in daily energy intakes, CRP-levels and appetite were analysed. (lu.se)
  • There was a non-significant difference in the within-subject variances in daily energy intake between female and male patients but not in other subsets. (lu.se)
  • We suggest measuring the daily energy intake as a complement to other biological and clinical markers among inpatients to assess treatment effect. (lu.se)
  • Several studies have found reduced daily energy intake in this population. (eur.nl)
  • The GO cats also showed a higher food intake 34.5 ± 1.5 g dry matter/kg body weight0.67 compared to the GL cats (24.0 ± 2.1g dry matter/kg body weight0.67)(P = 0.001). (uzh.ch)
  • The role of the brain in the control of energy homeostasis has been suggested at the middle of the nineteenth century by Claude Bernard who was the first to evoke its importance with the famous experiment "la piqûre diabétique" ( Bernard, 1849 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Males aged 12-19 years drink roughly 22 ounces of full-calorie soft-drinks per day, more than twice the intake of milk (10 ounces), and females drink roughly 14 ounces of soft-drinks and only 6 ounces of milk (Kushi LH, 2006). (bartleby.com)
  • enterally by increasing the energy content of the milk, increasing feed volume, or by nutrient supplementation with protein, carbohydrate or fat. (cochrane.org)
  • The goal of the study was to investigate if an increase in energy and amino acids (AA) effect on litter performance by looking at reproductive performance, milk composition, metabolic patterns, and redox status. (asas.org)
  • Measurements of food intake, body mass, milk energy output (MEO), litter size and litter mass were made. (biologists.org)
  • If the energy provided by the chocolate is included in the calculation, the energy intake after consumption of the dark chocolate was still 8% lower than after the milk chocolate ( P =0.01). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Secondary outcomes are the impact of whole, fresh fruit consumption on energy intake in RCTs, and the association between whole, fresh fruit consumption and changes in measures of adiposity in prospective observational studies. (frontiersin.org)
  • The fiscal year 2020 has ended at Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy (SGRE), which reported a decline in revenues, but also a record order intake. (offshore-energy.biz)
  • No study, has examined whether the difference is because the pregnant woman has a higher energy intake or more efficient energy utilisation if she is carrying a male embryo than if she is carrying a female embryo. (bmj.com)
  • We report data to support the first hypothesis-that the pregnant woman carrying a boy has a higher energy intake. (bmj.com)
  • Do Low-Calorie Sweeteners Affect Energy Intake Or Promote Weight Gain? (drsharma.ca)
  • Furthermore, there is as yet no evidence regarding how different temperatures of "water" affect energy intake and subjective feelings of appetite in healthy young adults. (springer.com)
  • Current evidence suggests that whole, fresh fruit consumption is unlikely to contribute to excess energy intake and adiposity, but rather has little effect on these outcomes or constrains them modestly. (frontiersin.org)
  • In consequence, mice selected in the upward direction expend some of the excess energy intake rather than assimilating it as body mass and are, therefore, slightly leaner than their counterparts selected in the downward direction. (springer.com)
  • The objective was to examine the effect of consuming breakfast on subsequent energy intake. (nih.gov)
  • and (3) that dietary fat alters the response of hypothalamic NPY to subsequent energy intake. (biologists.org)
  • 6 ] have suggested that the rate of gastric emptying of liquid meals was slower in older adults than in younger adults, indicating that gastric distension may be a factor for influencing subsequent energy intake. (springer.com)
  • To improve obstetrical care, objectively assessed information on energy balance is urgently needed. (jci.org)
  • The primary outcome was energy intake calculated by the energy intake-balance method. (jci.org)
  • At meals, people aim to maintain their usual energy level and balance in blood and all tissues. (scirp.org)
  • Recognition of three Initial Hunger arousals per day produces an even energy balance and eliminates any conditioned intake. (scirp.org)
  • Moreover, since alcohol intake acutely inhibits fat oxidation and does not promote subsequent compensation for its energy content, it should consequently be regarded as a substrate which can induce a positive energy balance under free-living conditions. (nih.gov)
  • however, energy intake-especially at night after dinner-was in excess of energy needed to maintain energy balance. (pnas.org)
  • Energy balance, the relationship between energy consumed and energy expended, is a simple equation on paper but is a complicated concept in practice that ultimately determines whether an individual's weight increases, decreases, or stays the same [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Exercise has been found to alter energy balance by increasing energy expended as well as by modifying energy intake [ 4 , 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • While some researches suggest that this acute energy shortage may help produce a negative energy balance conducive for weight loss [ 8 ], others suggest that individuals compensate for energy expended by eating more later in the day, thus negating any potential benefits for weight loss [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • While training low has shown some potential physiological benefits in exercise performance [ 12 ], the effect of exercise in a fasted state on energy balance is not well understood. (hindawi.com)
  • These factors modify hypothalamic neurons activity and generate adequate molecular and behavioral responses to control energy balance. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this complex integrative system, a new concept has been developed in recent years, that includes reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a critical player in energy balance. (frontiersin.org)
  • This novel insight reveals an original mechanism in the hypothalamus that controls energy balance and identify hypothalamic ROS signaling as a potential therapeutic strategy to treat metabolic disorders. (frontiersin.org)
  • Energy intake (EI) was scaled to match TEE assuming energy balance. (mdpi.com)
  • The aim was to study associations between ED and EI in palliative cancer patients and whether ED or EI predict energy balance, and the influence of systemic inflammation and survival time. (avhandlingar.se)
  • In energy balance analysis systemic inflammation and survival were covariates. (avhandlingar.se)
  • This study showed a negative energy balance among female student-athletes. (srce.hr)
  • Energy balance and body composition in sports and exercise. (srce.hr)
  • None of these associations with individual energy balance measures was substantially confounded by the other two measures. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In addition, these three aspects of energy balance may act jointly in determining breast cancer risk. (aacrjournals.org)
  • This study determined dietary intake and energy balance of elite premenarcheal rhythmic gymnasts during their preseason training. (humankinetics.com)
  • ch8 9 - Energy Balance and Weight Control Energy. (coursehero.com)
  • We examined the effect of intravenously infused glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) on subjective appetite sensations after an energy-fixed breakfast, and on spontaneous energy intake at an ad libitum lunch. (nih.gov)
  • The study, conducted by Viren Ranawana and Professor Jeya Henry of the Functional Food Centre at Oxford Brookes University, is the first of its kind to compare the compensation effect of liquid calories on short-term energy consumption, by gender. (medindia.net)
  • The effect of fasting prior to morning exercise on 24-hour energy intake was examined using a randomized, counterbalanced design. (hindawi.com)
  • Only one study has examined the effect of fasting prior to morning exercise on energy intake[ 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • But the effect of processed food on energy intake has not been carefully studied. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To assess the effect of increased energy intake on mortality and respiratory, growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes for preterm infants with (or developing) CLD/BPD. (cochrane.org)
  • There was a significant main effect in dietary intake ( F (2,16) = 7.311, p = .006, η 2 = .48), with a difference between game/match and recovery days ( t (17) = 3.83, p = .001, d = 1.19). (srce.hr)
  • however, the effect of dietary fat on appetite is still unclear in chickens faced with different energy statuses. (biologists.org)
  • In the present study, two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary fat on the response of hypothalamic neuropeptides to different energy statuses in broiler chickens. (biologists.org)
  • In contrast, sham stimulation had no effect on energy intake. (drsharma.ca)
  • Bishop SC, Hill WG (1985) Effect of selection on growth, body composition and food intake in mice. (springer.com)
  • Moruppa SM, Hill WG, Sinnet-Smith PA (1989) Effect of selection for growth, body composition and food intake in mice: utilization of increased energy intake by "cafeteria" feeding. (springer.com)
  • Another study done in 2006 aimed to understand the hormonal effect that limited energy availability had on female reproduction. (cyberessays.com)
  • To assess the totality of the evidence testing the null hypothesis that LES exposure (versus sugars or unsweetened alternatives) has no effect on EI or BW, we conducted a systematic review of relevant studies in animals and humans consuming LES with ad libitum access to food energy. (sweeteners.org)
  • Increasing Ca intake had no significant effect on DEI, DM digestibility or on the apparent absorption of Ca, P, Na and K, but decreased the apparent absorption of Mg from 0.50 to 0.38. (galileo-training.com)
  • Assessing the effect of underreporting energy intake on dietary patterns and weight status. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The effect of under-reporting of energy intake on dietary patterns and on the associations between dietary patterns and self-reported chronic disease in women aged 50-69 years. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A secondary aim was to determine whether individuals complied with a recommended intake of reduced-fat dairy product based on individual requirements. (bartleby.com)
  • The researchers hypothesized that the intake of fat and energy from dairy products would decrease, and a greater number of individuals would meet the recommended number of diary product servings after 3 months of participation in the weight-loss trial. (bartleby.com)
  • Dietary survey in a US national cohort: the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994-96. (cambridge.org)
  • Manipulating dietary intake can be beneficial for athletes and active individuals striving towards improvements in fitness and body composition [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • These are quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes applicable to healthy individuals in the United States and Canada. (nap.edu)
  • This Initial Hunger serves as reference sensation in the assessment of current energy availability. (scirp.org)
  • Insufficient sleep led to 0.82 ± 0.47 kg (±SD) weight gain despite changes in hunger and satiety hormones ghrelin and leptin, and peptide YY, which signaled excess energy stores. (pnas.org)
  • Proposed mechanisms that associate insufficient sleep and higher body mass index (BMI) include changes in satiety and hunger hormones altering food intake and changes in EE ( 17 ). (pnas.org)
  • Blood glucose and hunger were not associated with energy intake. (hindawi.com)