The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A type of FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY using two FLUORESCENT DYES with overlapping emission and absorption spectra, which is used to indicate proximity of labeled molecules. This technique is useful for studying interactions of molecules and PROTEIN FOLDING.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Heat production, or its measurement, of an organism at the lowest level of cell chemistry in an inactive, awake, fasting state. It may be determined directly by means of a calorimeter or indirectly by calculating the heat production from an analysis of the end products of oxidation within the organism or from the amount of oxygen utilized.
Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
The consumption of edible substances.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes, such as chemical reactions, changes of state, and formations of solutions, or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances. The fundamental unit of measurement is the joule or the calorie (4.184 joules). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Rate of energy dissipation along the path of charged particles. In radiobiology and health physics, exposure is measured in kiloelectron volts per micrometer of tissue (keV/micrometer T).
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A component of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that provides leadership related to the delivery of health services and the requirements for and distribution of health resources, including manpower training.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The theory that the radiation and absorption of energy take place in definite quantities called quanta (E) which vary in size and are defined by the equation E=hv in which h is Planck's constant and v is the frequency of the radiation.
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The generation of heat in order to maintain body temperature. The uncoupled oxidation of fatty acids contained within brown adipose tissue and SHIVERING are examples of thermogenesis in MAMMALS.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Energy released by nuclear fission or nuclear fusion.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
A metabolic process that converts GLUCOSE into two molecules of PYRUVIC ACID through a series of enzymatic reactions. Energy generated by this process is conserved in two molecules of ATP. Glycolysis is the universal catabolic pathway for glucose, free glucose, or glucose derived from complex CARBOHYDRATES, such as GLYCOGEN and STARCH.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.
Auditory and visual instructional materials.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
An endogenous substance found mainly in skeletal muscle of vertebrates. It has been tried in the treatment of cardiac disorders and has been added to cardioplegic solutions. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1996)
The physical measurements of a body.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Stable elementary particles having the smallest known negative charge, present in all elements; also called negatrons. Positively charged electrons are called positrons. The numbers, energies and arrangement of electrons around atomic nuclei determine the chemical identities of elements. Beams of electrons are called CATHODE RAYS.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.
Electron transfer through the cytochrome system liberating free energy which is transformed into high-energy phosphate bonds.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.
The selection of one food over another.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in children. (1/129)

BACKGROUND: A critical review was conducted of the quantitative literature linking indoor air pollution from household use of biomass fuels with acute respiratory infections in young children, which is focused on, but not confined to, acute lower respiratory infection and pneumonia in children under two years in less developed countries. Biomass in the form of wood, crop residues, and animal dung is used in more than two fifths of the world's households as the principal fuel. METHODS: Medline and other electronic databases were used, but it was also necessary to secure literature from colleagues in less developed countries where not all publications are yet internationally indexed. RESULTS: The studies of indoor air pollution from household biomass fuels are reasonably consistent and, as a group, show a strong significant increase in risk for exposed young children compared with those living in households using cleaner fuels or being otherwise less exposed. Not all studies were able to adjust for confounders, but most of those that did so found that strong and significant risks remained. CONCLUSIONS: It seems that the relative risks are likely to be significant for the exposures considered here. Since acute lower respiratory infection is the chief cause of death in children in less developed countries, and exacts a larger burden of disease than any other disease category for the world population, even small additional risks due to such a ubiquitous exposure as air pollution have important public health implications. In the case of indoor air pollution in households using biomass fuels, the risks also seem to be fairly strong, presumably because of the high daily concentrations of pollutants found in such settings and the large amount of time young children spend with their mothers doing household cooking. Given the large vulnerable populations at risk, there is an urgent need to conduct randomised trials to increase confidence in the cause-effect relationship, to quantify the risk more precisely, to determine the degree of reduction in exposure required to significantly improve health, and to establish the effectiveness of interventions.  (+info)

Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries. (2/129)

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are the leading cause of burden of disease worldwide and have been causally linked with exposure to pollutants from domestic biomass fuels in developing countries. We used longitudinal health data coupled with detailed monitoring and estimation of personal exposure from more than 2 years of field measurements in rural Kenya to estimate the exposure-response relationship for particulates < 10 microm diameter (PM(10)) generated from biomass combustion. Acute respiratory infections and acute lower respiratory infections are concave, increasing functions of average daily exposure to PM(10), with the rate of increase declining for exposures above approximately 1,000-2,000 microg/m(3). This first estimation of the exposure-response relationship for the high-exposure levels characteristic of developing countries has immediate and important consequences for international public health policies, energy and combustion research, and technology transfer efforts that affect more than 2 billion people worldwide.  (+info)

Primary production and humanosphere--is energy sufficient for sustainable humanosphere? (3/129)

There is a growing concern about the sustainability of our humanosphere. Realizing that our consumption of natural resources is soon to exhaust available ones in this globe, we feel the need for more prudent ways to utilize them. In particular, the need would be greater in the ways for the use of the primary products as we are to continue to face the rapid increase in human population. On the contrary, however, we are rapidly losing the traditional customs of their many uses. For instance, rice straws were once a significant raw material for many manufactured products in Japan, while most of them are now simply burned in the paddy. Here I would like to review the current status of primary production on the Earth from the viewpoint of material cycling and to demonstrate that, unless we quickly turn around our ever-increasing demand for more material and more energy, the humanosphere would never enter a stable phase. At the year 2006 A.D., the energy demand of a possibly sustainable humanosphere surpasses the available energy through the global primary production.  (+info)

Hydrogen production. Green algae as a source of energy. (4/129)

Hydrogen gas is thought to be the ideal fuel for a world in which air pollution has been alleviated, global warming has been arrested, and the environment has been protected in an economically sustainable manner. Hydrogen and electricity could team to provide attractive options in transportation and power generation. Interconversion between these two forms of energy suggests on-site utilization of hydrogen to generate electricity, with the electrical power grid serving in energy transportation, distribution utilization, and hydrogen regeneration as needed. A challenging problem in establishing H(2) as a source of energy for the future is the renewable and environmentally friendly generation of large quantities of H(2) gas. Thus, processes that are presently conceptual in nature, or at a developmental stage in the laboratory, need to be encouraged, tested for feasibility, and otherwise applied toward commercialization.  (+info)

Optimizing nitrogen management in food and energy production and environmental protection: summary statement from the Second International Nitrogen Conference. (5/129)

Human efforts to produce food and energy are changing the nitrogen (N) cycle of the Earth. Many of these changes are highly beneficial for humans, while others are detrimental to people and the environment. These changes transcend scientific disciplines, geographical boundaries, and political structures. They challenge the creative minds of natural and social scientists, economists, engineers, business leaders, and decision makers. The Second International Nitrogen Conference was designed to facilitate communications among all stakeholders in the "nitrogen community" of the world. The Conference participants" goal in the years and decades ahead is to encourage every country to make optimal choices about N management in food production and consumption, energy production and use, and environmental protection. Scientific findings and recommendations for decision makers that emerged from the Conference are presented.  (+info)

An enhanced rate-based emission trading program for NOX: the Dutch model. (6/129)

Since 1997 government and industry in The Netherlands have been engaged in intensive policy discussions on how to design an emission trading program that would satisfy the Government's policy objectives within the national and international regulatory framework and accommodate industry's need for a flexible and cost-effective approach. Early on in the discussion the most promising solution was a rate-based approach, which dynamically allocated saleable emission credits based on a performance standard rate and actual energy used by facilities. All industrial facilities above a threshold of 20 MWth would be judged on their ability to meet this performance rate. Those "cleaner" than the standard can sell excess credits to others with an allocation that is less than their actual NOX emission. With some changes in law, such a design could be made to fit well into the national and EU legislative framework while at the same time uniquely meeting industry's requirement of flexibility toward economic growth and facility expansion. (An analysis of the legislative changes required will be given in a separate paper by Chris Dekkers.) However, the environmental outcome of such a system is not as certain as under an absolute emission cap. At the request of the Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment (VROM), Automated Credit Exchange (ACE), in close cooperation with the working group of government and industry representatives introduced a number of features into the Dutch NOX program allowing full exploitation of market mechanisms while allowing intermediate adjustments in the performance standard rates. The design is geared toward meeting environmental targets without jeopardizing the trading market the program intends to create. The paper discusses the genesis of the two-tier credit system ACE helped to design, explains the differences between primary (fixed) and secondary (variable) credits, and outlines how the Dutch system is expected to function once implemented in 2004. The paper also discusses the market trading simulation held in early 2001 to assess and test the trading program, and reviews also the current status of the market program development.  (+info)

Merging nitrogen management and renewable energy needs. (7/129)

The ARBRE (ARable Biomass Renewable Energy) project, the first large-scale wood-fueled electricity generating plant in the U.K., represents a significant development in realising British and European policy objectives on renewable energy. The plant is fueled by a mix of wood from short rotation coppice (SRC) and forest residues. Where feasible, composted/conditioned sewage sludge is applied to coppice sites to increase yields and improve soil structure. In the Yorkshire Water region, typical total N:P:K composition of composted/conditioned sludge is 2.9:3.8:0.3, respectively. Sludge application is calculated on the basis of total nitrogen (N) content to achieve 750 kg N ha(-1), for 3 years" requirement. Willow coppice forms a dense, widely spaced, root network, which, with its long growing season, makes it an effective user of nutrients. This, in combination with willow"s use as a nonfood, nonfodder crop, makes it an attractive route for the recycling of sewage sludge in the absence of sea disposal, banned under the EC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (UWWTD). Further work is required on the nutritional requirements of SRC in order to understand better the quantities of sludge that can be applied to SRC without having a detrimental impact on the environment. This paper suggests the source of N rerouting under the UWWTD and suggests the likely expansion of SRC as an alternative recycling pathway.  (+info)

Effects of brash removal after clear felling on soil and soil-solution chemistry and field-layer biomass in an experimental nitrogen gradient. (8/129)

Biofuels, such as brash from forest fellings, have been proposed as an alternative energy source. Brash removal may affect the sustainability of forest production, e.g., through a change in the availability of cations and N in the soil. We report initial effects of brash removal on inorganic N content in humus and mineral soil, soil-solution chemistry, and field-layer biomass after clear felling an N-fertilisation experiment in central Sweden. The experiment comprised six different fertiliser levels, ranging from 0 to 600 kg N ha(-1). Urea was given every 5th year during 1967 to 1982 to replicated plots, giving total doses of 0 to 2400 kg N ha(-1). Clear felling took place in 1995, 13 years after the last fertilisation. The removal of brash decreased the NO3- content in the humus layer after clear felling. A decrease in the NO3- concentration of the soil solution was indicated during most of the study period as well. No effect of the previous N fertilisation was found in the humus layer, but in the mineral soil there was an increase in NO3- content for the highest N dose after clear felling ( p = 0.06). The soil-solution chemistry and the field-layer biomass showed an irregular pattern with no consistent effects of brash removal or previous fertilisation.  (+info)

A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins Federally funded at about $5 billion a year, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) provides financial assistance to low-income households for heating and cooling costs. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awards LIHEAP funds based on low-income populations and other factors. Grantees--states, the District of Columbia, territories, and Indian tribes and tribal organizations--then provide energy assistance payments to low-income households. GAO was asked to audit (1) the risk of fraud and abuse in LIHEAP in selected states; (2) case studies of fraudulent, improper, and abusive LIHEAP activity; and (3) key weaknesses in the design of LIHEAPs internal controls framework. To meet these objectives, GAO analyzed LIHEAP data from seven states for fraud indicators, interviewed federal and state officials, performed investigations, and conducted proactive testing in two states using a bogus
Energy systems are also a significant focus of the grand challenges of engineering, and this minor will help our students address these issues in their engineering careers.. The goal of the minor in energy systems is to provide ISU engineering students with focused educational opportunities in the broad area of energy systems. Successful energy systems minor students will understand broad energy perspectives, the language of energy systems, and the economic, environmental, and policy issues related to energy in the two required courses (six credits) for the minor (Econ 380 and EE 351 OR ME 433). Note that credit for both EE 351 and ME 433 is no longer accepted (as of January 2017). The remaining nine credits in the minor can be selected from a list of approved engineering courses related to energy systems to give students the opportunity to extend their knowledge.. ...
An exploration of commercially available technologies that can enhance energy security and address climate change and public policy options crucial to their adoption. Tackling climate change and improving energy security are two of the twenty-first centurys greatest challenges. In this book, Marilyn Brown and Benjamin Sovacool offer detailed assessments of the most advanced commercially available technologies for strengthening global energy security, mitigating the effects of climate change, and enhancing resilience through adaptation and geo-engineering. They also evaluate the barriers to the deployment of these technologies and critically review public policy options crucial to their adoption.Arguing that society has all the technologies necessary for the task, Brown and Sovacool discuss an array of options available today, including high-efficiency transportation, renewable energy, carbon sequestration, and demand-side management. They offer eight case studies from around the world
President Obamas proposed 2012 budget will cut several billion dollars from the governments energy assistance fund for poor people, officials briefed on the subject told National Journal….. The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, or LIHEAP, would see funding drop by about $2.5 billion from an authorized 2009 total of $5.1 billion. The proposed cut will not touch the programs emergency reserve fund, about $590 million, which can be used during particularly harsh cold snaps or extended heat spells, three officials told National Journal.. In 2010, Obama signed into law an omnibus budget resolution that released a total of about $5 billion in LIHEAP grants for 2011. Pointing to the increasing number of Americans who made use of the grants last year, advocates say that LIHEAP is already underfunded. The American Gas Association predicts that 3 million Americans eligible for the program wont be able to receive it unless LIHEAP funding stays at its current level….. Still, despite the ...
H.R. 2055, Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012 (Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, appropriations issues generally);H.R.2584, Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012(coal ash); FY 2012 Budget Resolution; H.R. 2354,Energy and Water development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2012(efficiency, electric transportation); H.R.2608,Continuing Appropriations Act, 2012; H.R.2112,Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012; H.R.2596,Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012; S.1572,Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012; H.R.2219,Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2012; H.R.2354,Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2012; H.R.2434,Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act, 2012; S.1573,Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act, ...
Global Smart Home Energy Management System Market Professional Survey Report 2017 1 Industry Overview of Smart Home Energy Management System 1.1 Definition and Specifications of Smart Home Energy Management System 1.1.1 Definition of Smart Home Energy Management System 1.1.2 Specifications of Smart Home Energy Management System 1.2 Classification of Smart Home Energy Management System 1.2.1 Gateway 1.2.2 Smart Meter 1.2.3 Others 1.3 Applications of Smart Home Energy Management System 1.3.1 Residential Building 1.3.2 Commercial Building 1.3.3 Industrial Building 1.3.4 Others 1.4 Market Segment by Regions 1.4.1 North America 1.4.2 China 1.4.3 Europe 1.4.4 Southeast Asia 1.4.5 Japan 1.4.6 India 2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Smart Home Energy Management System 2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers 2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Smart Home Energy Management System 2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Smart Home Energy Management System 2.4 Industry Chain Structure of Smart Home ...
The Indiana Home Energy Assistance Program, commonly known as State EAP, began on October 1, 2012. This program is funded by the multi-state mortgage settlement through the Attorney Generals Office. This program will provide homeowners with utility and crisis assistance toward their primary heating source.. Eligible Clients. This program is for homeowners only. These are homeowners were approved at a local agency through the mail-in process or by appointment.. Benefits. Each homeowner will receive $60 toward the primary heating source, as well as assistance with deposits, reconnect fees, or disconnections not covered by the federal program.. ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! It is commonly assumed that households must change their behaviour to reduce the problems caused by increasing levels of fossil energy use. Strategies for behaviour change will be more effective if they target the most important causes of the behaviour in question. Therefore, this paper first discusses the factors influencing household energy use. Three barriers to fossil fuel energy conservation are discussed: insufficient knowledge of effective ways to reduce household energy use, the low priority and high costs of energy savings, and the lack of feasible alternatives. Next, the paper elaborates on the effectiveness and acceptability of strategies aimed to promote household energy savings. Informational strategies aimed at changing individuals knowledge, perceptions, cognitions, motivations and norms, as well as structural strategies aimed at changing the context in which decisions are made, are discussed. This paper focuses on the psychological literature on
An integrated floating energy system consisting of different types of energy devices is an ideal option for reducing the levelized cost of energy by enhancing the power production capacity. This study proposes a concept of an integrated energy system by combining two tidal turbines with a floating wind turbine. In order to investigate the power performance and dynamic responses of the hybrid concept, a novel coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic tool is developed based on a commercial hydrodynamic analysis software package. In addition, a torque-pitch controller and the AeroDyn module are integrated within the coupled tool for evaluating the power performance of the tidal turbines under dynamic inflow conditions. Experimental data and numerical results obtained by OpenFAST are used to verify the accuracy of the coupled tool in predicting dynamic responses of the integrated energy system. The dynamic responses and power production under different environmental conditions are obtained by conducting a ...
PAINESVILLE, Ohio- The HEAP Summer Crisis Program (SCP) began on July 3rd and this year applications will again be processed by Lifeline, Inc., Lake Countys Community Action Agency. Appointments will be scheduled through August 31, 2017.. July and August can be two extremely hot months in Ohio, and that can take a toll on older Ohioans and Ohioans with breathing conditions, said David Goodman, director of the Ohio Development Services Agency.. This season, nearly 250 Lake County households have already applied for assistance. Our goal with the Summer Crisis Program is always to keep our most vulnerable residents, the elderly and those with health conditions, safe, cool and comfortable in the hot summer months, said Carrie Dotson, Executive Director at Lifeline. Were thrilled that weve been able to impact so many of them already this summer.. The Summer Crisis Program assists low-income households with an older household member (60 years or older), or households that can provide ...
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As we learned in intro physics, everything is made up of atoms, and atoms are made up of protons, neutrons and electrons. You may have heard the term energy systems mentioned in the gym, at practice-or perhaps your childrens practices-in fitness articles, or other health outlets. Electricity is everywhere, even in the human body. During exercise, your body relies on three basic energy systems: the anaerobic a-lactic system, the anaerobic lactic system, and the aerobic system.Depending on the sports played, athletes rely on one system more than the others.. An understanding of the involved energy systems in a particular sport gives valuable information about the strength qualities necessary in that sport. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been linked to an array of degenerative illnesses, ranging from diabetes to neurological disorders and even heart disease. Our product picks are editor-tested, expert-approved. This system is anaerobic as it works without oxygen, and does not produce any waste ...
Prosumers, such as energy storage, smart home, and microgrids, are the consumers who also produce and share surplus energy with other users. With capabilities of flexibly managing the generation, storage and consumption of energy in a simultaneous manner, prosumers can help improve the operation efficiency of smart grid. Due to the rapid expansion of prosumer clusters, the planning and operation issues of prosumer energy systems have been increasingly raised. Aspects including energy infrastructure design, energy management, system stability, etc., are urgently required to be addressed while taking full advantage of prosumers capabilities. However, up to date, the research on prosumers has not drawn sufficient attention. This proposal presents the need to introduce a Research Topic on prosumer energy systems in Frontiers in Energy Research. We believe this Research Topic can promote the research on advanced planning and operation technologies of prosumer energy systems and contribute to the carbon
HEDON, the place where, practitioners, policy-makers, funders, and business-owners actively pursuing a cleaner, affordable and more efficient household energy sector unite to share their experiences, learn from one another, and create new knowledge. Our focus is on Household energy which includes technologies and fuels such as: stoves, wind, hydro, solar, biochar, biofuels, biogas, biofuels and Briquettes and Pellets. these are used for cooking heating, lighting and refrigeration. We also consider aspects of project design for the integration, distribution and dissemination of technology to ensure sustainable projects. This requires consideration of financing, marketing, communications, monitoring and evaluation, policy, capacity building and replicability and up scaling. these help to contribute to improving the livelihoods of those in low income countries addressing issues of climate change, deforestation, empowering women by addressing gender issues relating to cookstoves and facilitating
By John Howat & Philene Taormina Increased accessibility of home and community-based long-term care and related government funding make independent living more possible for many older Americans. High household energy prices and expenditures, however, threaten home energy security of low-income elderly people who seek to age safely in their own homes. Consumer protections that reduce arrearage rates and the shutoff of services may enhance the effectiveness of the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program and other energy programs. Various policies, such as the a affordable energy bargain-a model program offering long-term affordability and arrearage management options-would protect vulnerable elderly customers from the life-threatening loss of service.. Download this article , Read more ➢ ...
In this chapter, the urban structure will be defined with zero or almost zero energy consumption, followed by pollution parameters. Energy systems are designed as networks of energy-intensive local hubs with multiple sources of hybrid energies, where different energy flows are collected on the same busbar and can be accumulated, delivered, or transformed as needed into the intelligent urban area. For analysis of the purpose function of our energy system, a micro-network of renewable energy sources (RES) is defined by penalization and limitations. By using fuzzy logic, a set of permissible solutions of this purpose function is accepted, and the type of daily electricity consumption diagrams is defined when applying cluster analysis. A self-organising neural network and then a Kohonen network were used. The experiment is to justify the application of new procedures of mathematical and informatics-oriented methods and optimisation procedures, with an outlined methodology for the design of smart areas and
If you are wondering whether there is any way to provide electricity for your household without having to pay any money to your electric company, free energy systems have the answer for you. If fact, believe it or not, you can actually make money by selling electricity to your electric company, using these systems! Free energy systems rely on well founded technology to deliver electricity to its users. These systems, if connected to the power grid, often ends up delivering electricity to the power grid.. Free energy devices utilise free resources available around us, such as the TV and radio waves around us, electrostatic charges present in the atmosphere, and radiant energy coming from outer space, mainly from the sun and other stars. These devices are very easy to install, if you follow the instructions carefully, you can install them yourself.. A good way to set up free energy devices is to interconnect them to the power grid. It will be better to have a battery backup in case of emergency. ...
The discourse on the UNs sustainability goals, the global and national climate protection targets, and the energy transition conclude that the energy system will be changed drastically in the future. This will require a reorganization of the opportunities for individual actors to take action in the energy system. The new energy world does not function solely from top-down decisions, but precisely because of its diversity - the diversity of the actors, the diversity of energy sources, and the variety of system solutions. We aim to integrate key elements of behavioral aspects, air pollution control strategies and multi-criteria decision making processes into energy and climate policy models to analyze how socio-economic changes and systems interactions impact the implementation of energy and climate policy. For this, we are offering, subject to the approval of project funding, a post-doctoral position with the possibility to set up a research group within the department for Energy Economics and ...
This publication is an update of the guidance given in the area of infrastructure in Volume 3 of IAEA-TECDOC-1575 Rev.1 (2008), Guidance for the Application of an Assessment Methodology for Innovative Nuclear Energy Systems. It is based on recommendations presented by Member States participating in INPRO, IAEA experts and the IAEA INPRO group. The publication provides guidance on assessing a nuclear energy system in the area of nuclear infrastructure. Within the INPRO methodology, a nuclear infrastructure can be defined as the collection of necessary capabilities of national institutions to achieve long term sustainability of a nuclear power programme. Several aspects are discussed in detail in this publication, in particular the importance of public acceptance of a nuclear power programme and the necessary human resources to establish and operate such a programme. Additionally, INPRO methodology defines measures that a designer and the state should take to reduce the necessary effort to ...
Time domains: Any activity lasting more than 3 minutes in duration.. Efficiency: This system produces energy much more slowly than the others. The good news is it can utilize an unlimited fuel supply of fat.. By products: The aerobic system only produces water and carbon dioxide when generating ATP.. Examples of activity: This energy system is your predominant fuel source for jogging, cycling, swimming long distances, and most of your daily activities.. What training looks like: Athletes who have become efficient at using fat as a fuel source are able to convert the energy from fat more quickly, allowing them to sustain higher levels of work capacity for activities with long durations. These athletes are usually easy to spot as they have exceptional muscle definition and extremely low body fat.. As you can see from the graph, our average work capacity is dictated by the length of time we are performing an activity.By training in all three energy systems we can become more efficient in all areas, ...
They are both correct, however, the way they are stated is the source of confusion.. 1) There is no correlation between the number of fibers and the energy system used. There is actually an exogenous explanation. The increased recruitment of muscle fibers occurs due to an increase in tension of the muscle. I.e. the force production is increased. When you are performing an explosive exercise, or moving a heavy weight, you need a high fiber recruitment. But what happens is that the fast twitch fibers are more selectively recruited, and they use the ATP-PC system.. Both fast twitch and slow twitch muscle fibers utilize all of the energy systems; the difference is that the fast twitch fibers get more of their energy from the ATP-PC system than from oxidation or glycolysis for example. And vice versa for the slow twitch.. 2) Yes, both types of hypertrophy occur in both fiber types. But again there is a correlation between fiber type and type of hypertrophy. When exercising with high weights and low ...
TE200B24E2 Temperature Sensors from Greystone Energy Systems In Stock! Same Day Delivery and Expert Technical Support on TE200B24E2 Temperature Sensors from Greystone Energy Systems.
Three energy systems -- commonly referred to as metabolic pathways -- are responsible for the chemical reactions within cells and tissues during exercise and sports. These energy systems include the phosphagen, glycolytic and oxidative pathways.
Search Assistant computational engineer energy systems jobs in Haverhill, MA with company ratings & salaries. 161 open jobs for Assistant computational engineer energy systems in Haverhill.
Business Standard News: News Sector : Swelect Energy Systems News Sector, Swelect Energy Systems updates and more at Business Standard news. | Page 1
Schrattenholzer L, Miketa A, Riahi K, & Roehrl RA (2004). Achieving a Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. ISBN 978 Schrattenholzer L, Miketa A, Riahi K, & Roehrl RA (2004). Energy-economy-environment scenarios at IIASA-ECS. In: Achieving a Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios. Eds. Schrattenholzer, L., Miketa, A., Riahi, K. & Roehrl, R.A., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. ISBN 1 Schrattenholzer L, Miketa A, Riahi K, & Roehrl RA (2004). Methodology. In: Achieving a Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios. Eds. Schrattenholzer, L., Miketa, A., Riahi, K. & Roehrl, R.A., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. ISBN 1 Schrattenholzer L, Miketa A, Riahi K, & Roehrl RA (2004). Summary and policy implications. In: Achieving a Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios. Eds. ...
Downloadable! This paper applies portfolio-theory optimisation concepts from the field of finance to produce an expository evaluation of the 2020 projected EU-BAU (business-as-usual) electricity generating mix. We locate optimal generating portfolios that reduce cost and market risk as well as CO2 emissions relative to the BAU mix. Optimal generating portfolios generally include greater shares of wind, nuclear, and other nonfossil technologies that often cost more on a standalone engineering basis, but overall costs and risks are reduced because of the portfolio diversification effect. They also enhance energy security. The benefit streams created by these optimal mixes warrant current investments of about Euro 250 - Euro 500 billion. The analysis further suggests that the optimal 2020 generating mix is constrained by shortages of wind, especially offshore, and possibly nuclear power, so that even small incremental additions of these two technologies will provide sizeable cost and risk reductions.
People who cant afford to spend much on housing often end up in old, poorly insulated homes where the rent or mortgage is low but the energy costs are exorbitant; thus, despite their efforts to budget responsibly, the poor condition of their living space limits their ability to get ahead. Federal funds make quality housing more affordable through help with utility bill payment, energy-related crisis assistance, permanent reduction in energy use through weatherization, and repairs necessary to make homes safe and energy efficient. As a result, theres more money in household budgets for other basics such as food, transportation and healthcare. Furthermore, we all benefit from weatherization and energy efficiency measures through increased electric grid reliability and reduced pollution.. The elimination of these services would certainly have an impact in Michigan, where LIHEAP served nearly 455,000 households in budget year 2016. Approximately half of these households were below 75 percent of ...
Europe must turn to existing hydrogen and fuel cell technology to ensure its energy security and reduce its dependence. Read more.
Policies to protect the global climate and limit global temperature rise offer the most effective entry point for achieving energy sustainability, reducing air pollution, and improving energy security, according to an article published in the latest issue of Nature Climate Change.
Energy sector leaders and the conservation community agree that energy security is linked to the vitality of ecosystems and theyre calling on government...
Mugyenzi, A. Uganda Fuel Supplies and Household Energy Provision, Presented at the Fuel Substitution - Poverty Impacts on Biomass Fuel Suppliers, National Stakeholders Workshop, Friday 25th January, 2002, Kampala, Uganda. (2007) 9 pp.. ...
Deputy Secretary Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall provides her perspective on the changing definition of energy security and the role of innovation in ensuring Americas energy future.
HOUSTON, Sept. 22, 2015-- Synthesis Energy Systems, Inc., a global energy and gasification technology company enabling clean, high-value energy and chemical products from multiple feedstocks, announces that SES and Dengfeng Power Group, along with SESs China Joint Venture, Tianwo-SES Clean Energy Technologies Company, are now progressing from the...
A survey of household energy consumption pattern was carried out in village Dandesar of tehsil Nowshera, district Rajouri (J&K, India). The major fuel types fulfilling the energy demand of local people in study area were wood, LPG, crop residue and dung cake. Fuel wood constituted the major share of consumption which was 100.74×106 kcal/month, while dung cake utilization was found to be least. The total fuel consumption in the study area was 111.49×106 kcal/month. The study concluded that income was an important factor in making fuel preferences at household level.. ...
This article examines variation in the income elasticity of household energy demand across the energy expenditure distribution using expenditure data from the five most recent Household Budget Surveys (HBSs) in Ireland: the 1987, 1994/1995, 1999/2000, 2004/2005 and 2009/2010 HBS. The analysis uses a two-stage instrumental variable quantile regression approach and is based on each HBS cross section, as well as the overall pooled observations. The estimated elasticities are compared across low- and high-energy-consumption scenarios and to a benchmark elasticity estimated using two-stage least squares. The results provide evidence that there is significant variation in the income elasticities across the energy expenditure distribution and that care must be taken when using the constant mean elasticity for policy purposes. More specifically, any examination of the future impact of a change in income support policy measures on energy consumption should recognize the substantial context-dependent ...
OverviewThe Energy Systems group conducts research related to renewable energy, motors, generators, adjustable speed drives, power electronics, power supplies, power quality, electrical systems resiliency, and industrial process equipment and controllers.
The whole UK energy system faces big changes to deliver against all aspects of the energy trilemma - cost, security and decarbonisation. Speakers from the Royal Academy of Engineering will argue that so far, despite the challenges, the system is on course to meet the targets set by the UK and the EU, but only just; and that all the easiest actions have already been taken.. Government policy drives the development of the UKs energy system, but it will be up to privatised industry to deliver and invest. Whats in store for the UKs energy mix? And what will happen to costs and decarbonisation?. The Academy considers the possible futures of the UKs energy system in a new report, A critical time for UK energy policy: what must be done now to deliver the UKs future energy system. Members of the working group came to the SMC to talk about their findings.. Speakers:. Dr David Clarke FREng, CEO of the Energy Technologies Institute. Dr Keith MacLean, Chair of the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) ...
Future Energy Systems develops the energy technologies of the near future, examines their integration into current infrastructure, and considers their social, economic, and environmental impacts. We also contribute to the development of solutions for chal
Description: This report describes appropriations of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP) funds for FY2008 and FY2007. It also discusses current issues and legislation related to LIHEAP. The report also discusses LIHEAP rules, including household eligibility and how funds may be used, and presents the most recent data available from HHS regarding household characteristics and benefit levels. Finally, the last section discusses how each category of LIHEAP funds is distributed to states, as well as a breakdown of funds to the states during the last several fiscal years. ...
The smart energy system, developed in Japan, uses air source heat pumps that act as reverse air conditioning, compressing air to generate heat and hot water.. During times of peak demand the system switches to using stored energy in order to take pressure off the National Grid.. Some 600 homes will have their existing heating systems replaced as part of a £20m deal between Japans Department of New Energy and Development Organisation and the Greater Manchester Combined Authority.. Half of those benefitting from the technology live in council homes in Wigan. We know high energy bills are a major concern for our tenants, said Janice Barton, chief executive of Wigan and Leigh Homes. This new technology will hopefully lead to cheaper bills but also produce energy in a cleaner and greener way.. This builds on the work we have already been doing using energy saving equipment and green energy generating technology such as solar panels, which has resulted in thousands of homes benefiting from lower ...
The proposal titled Non-Platinum Group Metal OER/ORR Catalysts for Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers has been recommended by the SBIR and STTR Programs Office within the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science for funding. This joint project with the Dismukes lab and Proton Energy Systems will run from 02/17/2015 to 11/16/2015. The amount of funding recommended for the project period is $150,000.. ...
Phosphocreatine (Chemical Compound) -High energy phosphagen -Stored in muscle cells -Used in ATP-PC Systems. When exercising, the body uses oxygen more quickly than it is taken in; anaerobic respiration provides lactate to keep the muscles moving. When oxygen demands exceed the oxygen supply, pyruvate is converted to lactate. These systems are quicker at producing energy, however they do not last very long (they fatigue quickly). protein is used for. New questions in Biology . The ATP-PC Energy system-High power/short duration. The aerobic energy system requires oxygen to breakdown the glucose or fat. Tracheae are known to balance the pressure inside the system. photosynthesis is represented by the equation what must a plant need to produce 4 molecules of sugar? -ATP production through chemical reactions that require oxygen -Uses fats. The main functions of chloroplasts are to produce food (glucose) during photosynthesis, and to store food energy. Unfortunately, your muscles have only limited ...
The global Electric Vehicle Battery ECU Market gives a huge platform for different firms, manufacturers, and organizations, such as, Denso, Ewert Energy Systems, Panasonic, TI, Tritium that compete among each other for offering reliable products and satisfactory services to their clients and hold considerable shares over the market. The report also provides evaluated data of the market and its rivals on a global basis.. Apply here for the sample copy of the report @: www.reportsbuzz.com/request-for-sample.html?repid=73688. Furthermore, The report presents a detailed segmentation Centralized, Modular, Distributed, Market Trend by Application BEV, PHEV of the global market based on technology, product type, application, and various processes and systems.The Electric Vehicle Battery ECU market report explains the key growth factors and limitations that remarkably influence the market, and also provides the information about the previous and current status of the Electric Vehicle Battery ECU ...
Large-scale deployment of low-carbon energy technologies is important for counteracting anthropogenic climate change and achieving universal energy access. This thesis explores potential growth rates of technologies necessary to reach a more sustainable global energy system, the material and energy flows required to commission these technologies, and potential future availability of the required resources.. These issues are investigated in five papers. Potential future growth rates of wind energy and solar photovoltaics, and the associated material requirements are explored, taking the expected service life of these technologies into account. Methodology for assessing net energy return and natural resource use for wind energy systems are analyzed. Potential future availability of lithium and phosphate rock are also investigated.. Estimates of energy and materials required for technologies such as wind energy and photovoltaics vary, and depend on the assumptions made and methods used. Still, it ...
IM De la Fuente, JM Cortes, E Valero, M Desroches, S Rodrigues, I Malaina and L Martinez. On the dynamics of the Adenylate Energy System: Homeorhesis vs Homeostasis. Plos One 9: e108676, 2014 [pdf]. Biochemical energy is the fundamental element that maintains both the adequate turnover of the biomolecular structures and the functional metabolic viability of unicellular organisms. The levels of ATP, ADP and AMP reflect roughly the energetic status of the cell, and a precise ratio relating them was proposed by Atkinson as the adenylate energy charge (AEC). Under growth-phase conditions, cells maintain the AEC within narrow physiological values, despite extremely large fluctuations in the adenine nucleotides concentration. Intensive experimental studies have shown that these AEC values are preserved in a wide variety of organisms, both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Here, to understand some of the functional elements involved in the cellular energy status, we present a computational model conformed by ...
Which energy systems do you use to create energy for your working muscles and body systems for running? Read on for details about the aerobic and anaerobic energy pathways used for short or long runs.
This article is Part 2 of a 3 part series that outlines the three basic energy systems used in sport, their interactions with one another, and how to train each one. Below the Introduction (technical explanation), we offer 7 sessions (in 3 stages) for training the Glycolytic System. Introduction Glycolysis literally means the breakdown (lysis) of glucose and consists of a series of enzymatic reactions. The carbohydrates we eat supply the body with glucose, which can be stored as glycogen in the muscles or liver for later use. The end product of glycolysis is pyruvic acid. Pyruvic acid can then be either funneled through a process called the Krebs cycle (see the Oxidative System in next weeks article) or converted into lactic acid (lactate + hydrogen ion). Traditionally, if the final product was lactic acid, the process was labelled anaerobic glycolysis and if the final product remained as pyruvate the process was labelled aerobic glycolysis. Oxygen availability only determines the fate of the end
Lou, Y, Hannan, A and Sadhukhan, J (2006) A flowsheet design methodology for the decarbonised energy systems via hydrogen from hydrocarbons ...
Global Wind Energy Market Professional Survey Report 2018 1 Industry Overview of Wind Energy 1.1 Definition and Specifications of Wind Energy 1.1.1 Definition of Wind Energy 1.1.2 Specifications of Wind Energy 1.2 Classification of Wind Energy 1.2.1 Turbine Blade 1.2.2 Electricity Generator 1.2.3 Tower 1.2.4 Control Equipment 1.2.5 Other 1.3 Applications of Wind Energy 1.3.1 Power Plants 1.3.2 Street Lamp 1.3.3 Other 1.4 Market Segment by Regions 1.4.1 North America 1.4.2 Europe 1.4.3 China 1.4.4 Japan 1.4.5 Southeast Asia 1.4.6 India 2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Wind Energy 2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers 2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Wind Energy 2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Wind Energy 2.4 Industry Chain Structure of Wind Energy 3 Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Wind Energy 3.1 Capacity and Commercial Production Date of Global Wind Energy Major Manufacturers in 2017 3.2 Manufacturing Plants Distribution of Global Wind Energy Major ...
Background: Wind turbines are a form of renewable energy, which generate electricity from wind energy, a practice dating back over 100 years. More recently, large-scale wind energy developments have started to employ one or several industrial wind turbines, which produce the majority of wind energy in Ontario. The production of electricity from the movement of industrial wind turbine motor blades creates both mechanical and aerodynamic noise. This type of environmental noise is a growing public health concern, especially for residents living close to industrial wind turbines. A body of evidence now exists to suggest that industrial wind turbine noise can impair health and contribute to annoyance and sleep disturbance. However, in Ontario, little is known about how industrial wind turbines impact people living in their vicinity. Objectives: This investigation was a cross-sectional study involving eight Ontario communities that contain greater than ten industrial wind turbines. The objectives of ...
Modern electrical power systems are facing complex challenges, arising from distributed generation and intermittent renewable energy. Fuzzy logic is one approach to meeting this challenge and providing reliability and power quality. The book is about fuzzy logic control and its applications in managing, controlling and operating electrical energy systems. It provides a comprehensive overview of fuzzy logic concepts and techniques required for designing fuzzy logic controllers, and then discusses several applications to control and management in energy systems. The book incorporates a novel fuzzy logic controller design approach in both Matlab® and in Matlab Simulink& so that the user can study every step of the fuzzy logic processor, with the ability to modify the code. Fuzzy Logic Control in Energy Systems is an important read for researchers and practicing engineers in energy engineering and control, as well as advanced students involved with power system research and operation.
The current method of disinfection of water used by the United States Army requires a significant amount of mobilization and demobilization time as well as being energy intensive. In an effort to improve small unit mobility a need for a light-weight, low maintenance, highly mobile disinfection system has arisen. In addition to the potential military use, a system of this type could provide a safe drinking water product during the aftermath of natural or man-made disasters, reducing the burden on emergency management services. A prototype system was developed that is self-powered, has low maintenance requirements, and can be stored for extended periods of time without requiring special storage of hazardous materials. Power was provided to the system using a hybrid renewable energy system consisting of a wind turbine and photovoltaic array. The energy generated from the renewable energy system was stored using an ultracapacitor. Disinfection of water was achieved using an ultraviolet disinfection unit.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pregnancy exposure to wind turbine noise and adverse birth outcomes. T2 - a nationwide cohort study. AU - Poulsen, Aslak H.. AU - Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole. AU - Peña, Alfredo. AU - Hahmann, Andrea N.. AU - Nordsborg, Rikke Baastrup. AU - Ketzel, Matthias. AU - Brandt, Jørgen. AU - Sørensen, Mette. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. N2 - Noise from wind turbines (WTs) is reported as more annoying than traffic noise at similar levels, raising concerns as to whether WT noise (WTN) may negatively affect health, as reported for traffic noise. We aimed to investigate whether residential WTN is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Based on national registries, we identified all Danish dwellings situated within ≤ 20 wt heights radius and a random selection of 25% of dwellings situated within 20-40 wt heights radius of a WT. We identified 135,795 pregnant women living in the dwellings from 1982 to 2013, and collected information on gestational age and birth weight from a national birth registry. ...
OTTAWA, Feb. 10, 2013 /CNW/ - Today, the Honourable Leona Aglukkaq, Minister of Health, announced Health Canada published a revised research design for the wind turbine noise and health study, which is being carried out in collaboration with Statistics Canada. The proposed research design was posted on the Health Canada website in July 2012 for public comment and over 950 comments were received during the 60 day public consultation period. After an evaluation of feedback received during the consultation, the Expert Committee introduced changes to the research design including an assessment of infrasound and changes to the questionnaire administered by Statistics Canada. The Expert Committee includes specialists in areas pertaining to noise measurement, health assessment, clinical medicine and epidemiology. Our Government is committed to protecting the health and safety of Canadian families, and this study is in response to questions from residents living near wind farms about possible health ...
This is a list of papers on wind turbine noise. The list is not complete, and will most likely be updated in future in order to make it more thorough and more representative. Update (November 13, 2012): Hubbard & Shepherd (1991), Jakobsen (2005), Pedersen & Larsman (2008), Pedersen et al. (2009), Hessler et al. (2008),…
This is a list of papers on wind turbine noise. The list is not complete, and will most likely be updated in future in order to make it more thorough and more representative. Update (November 13, 2012): Hubbard & Shepherd (1991), Jakobsen (2005), Pedersen & Larsman (2008), Pedersen et al. (2009), Hessler et al. (2008),…
4 April the transfer of remaining copies of Wind Energy for the Rest of Us to a new distributor was completed. The poor outlook for books on wind energy in English has led Chelsea Green to exercise its right to cancel its contract to distribute Paul Gipes latest tome on wind energy. Distribution rights and all remaining print copies have been transferred to BCH Fulfillment & Distribution. The books are safely in BCHs warehouse and BCH has begun shipping books. The transfer has been seamless. BCH does not distribute ebooks. Distribution of the ebook version has not been completed. Consequently, there may be a short hiatus on the availability of the ebook until a new distribution channel is created. Wind Energy for the Rest of Us was ranked fifth by sales on Amazon in 2017 for books about wind energy. It was behind books like Wind Power for Dummies, Build Your Own Small Wind Power System, and Homebrew Wind Power, but ahead of more advanced engineering treatises. Chelsea Green has published and ...
With a rapid growth in the renewable energy projects over the past few years, the total installed capacity of the wind power plants across the world has witnessed a manifold increase. Advancements in wind turbines designs have also led a surge in the installed capacity of wind power.. Many companies have developed wind turbines that can produce power in low wind areas with reduced costs. With a scope for development of wind farms even in offshore locations, the electricity generation from wind has been on an uptrend in many countries in recent years. Further, wind power installations occupy less space compared other modes of power generation, bringing in increased operational efficiencies. Wind farms can also be built on agricultural lands, without causing any interruption to cultivation activities.. In its Global Wind Report: Annual Market Update report, the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) said that cumulative global wind power capacity grew by 12.6% to reach a total of 486.8 GW in 2016. The ...
Introduction. Climate change and fossil fuel depletion have pushed many countries to seek and invest in alternative clean energy sources, such as wind energy. By converting kinetic energy from the wind into mechanical or electrical energy, wind farms in California, for example, power nearly 850,000 households each year, while producing negligible green house gases and contributing little to water pollution.[1] Nevertheless, several ecological and environmental concerns remain. High levels of infrasound and low frequency sounds generated by wind turbines pose a potentially serious threat to communities near wind farms. Wind energy companies remain largely dismissive, claiming that wind turbine noise is subaudible, undetectable by humans, and therefore presents minimal risk to human health. However, various cochlear microphonic, distortion product otoacoustic emission, and fMRI studies have demonstrated the detection of infrasound by the human inner ear and auditory cortex. Additional ...
Since the end of 1990s the growth of new energy and renewable energy production has been strong and increasing. Wind power energy has become one important source of energy almost all over the world. Europe, USA and Asia has become the leading markets in the development of wind energy. The total volume of global wind energy production has increased from 13,600 MW in 1999 to 318,137 MW in 2013. Since 2006 the wind energy industry is showing very rapid growth as well as dynamics among major industry actors. Some companies has left the industry due to heavy competion, some has used the growth as an opportunity to expand and the inceasing demand and the growth in the wind energy sector has opened opportunities for new actors to enter the industry. China has very fast become the largest country in the world in terms of installed wind energy capacity (28,7% share of total installed capacity and 45,4 % share of installed capacity in 2013). China is followed by Germany, UK and India. USA is now on the ...
Preface xi Notation xiii. 1 Wind Energy Power Plants 1. 1.1 Wind Turbine Structures 1. 1.2 A Brief History 4. 1.3 Milestones of Development 5. 1.4 Functional Structures of Wind Turbines 20. References 30. 2 Wind Energy Conversion Systems 31. 2.1 Drive Torque and Rotor Power 31. 2.1.1 Inputs and outputs of a wind turbine 31. 2.1.2 Power extraction from the airstream 32. 2.1.3 Determining power or driving torque by the blade element method 34. 2.1.4 Simplifying the computation method 38. 2.1.5 Modeling turbine characteristics 40. 2.2 Turbines 46. 2.2.1 Hub and turbine design 50. 2.2.2 Rotor blade geometry 51. 2.3 Power Control by Turbine Manipulation 57. 2.3.1 Turbine yawing 57. 2.3.2 Rotor blade pitch variation 67. 2.3.3 Limiting power by stall control 97. 2.3.4 Power control using speed variation 100. 2.4 Mechanical Drive Trains 102. 2.5 System Data of a Wind Power Plant 108. 2.5.1 Turbine and drive train data 108. 2.5.2 Machine and tower masses 110. 2.5.3 Machine costs 111. References ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy System Technology Research and Development (STTR [R41/R42]) PA-09-101. NIH
Thailand Energy Security on Demand Side: Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Promotion by Mr. Viraphol Jirapraditkul Deputy Director-General Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO) Ministry of Energy 8 June 2004 Siam City Hotel, Bangkok. Primary Energy Consumption Slideshow 3659429 by presta
Computer Simulations of Solar Energy Systems: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5125-8.ch033: In recent years, computer simulation has become a standard tool for analyzing solar energy systems. The interaction of light with nanoscale matter can provide
Denmark and Indonesia have signed an agreement to promote and expand renewable energy infrastructure in the south-east Asian country. According to media reports, the two countries signed an agreement to set up a 60 MW wind energy project in the South Sulawesi province; the project will be the first wind energy project in the province. Indonesias power company will work with a Danish consortium led by Equis to set up the project. Another Danish company, Vestas Wind Systems, has also agreed to supply wind turbines and other equipment for the project. We are delighted to sign this agreement and continue the work to finalize the project. Vestas sees a long-term potential for wind energy in Indonesia, and we are confident this project can help pave the way for additional wind power investments, Vestas chief executive Anders Runevad said.. In April this year, US-based Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) agreed to provide debt to the largest wind energy project in the country. OPIC ...
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As noted in the second installment of this series, Dr. Geoff Leventhall, a co-author of the 2009 AWEA/CanWEA report, attributes the health complaints of people who live near industrial wind turbines (IWTs) to psychological stress, but does not acknowledge that IWTs can be detrimental to health because infrasound and low-frequency noise (ILFN) emitted by wind turbines are largely inaudible to humans. He stands on the argument, therefore, that what we cant hear cant hurt us.. Dr. Nina Pierpont, in describing Wind Turbine Syndrome (WTS), has expressed her belief that many of the symptoms comprising WTS are mediated by overstimulation of the vestibular system of the inner ear by ILFN. Recent evidence supports the general view that the functioning of both the vestibular and cochlear components of the inner ear, and their interconnections with the brain, mediate the type of symptoms that Pierpont and others have described.. Infrasound: More of a Problem Than We Thought?. Industrial-scale wind ...
There are hundreds of them dotted across the Ontario landscape, the wind turbines that churn out electrical power. They may be good for the planets well-being, but some people living nearby claim they are paying the price by their own health… We know (and so should Allan) that wind turbines ARE NOT good for the planets well-being, but Allan perpetrates the myth that they MAY be. Hand-in-glove with this industry defense mechanism.. Allan is one of an increasing number of persons who, by reason of their employment and other contracts, are made to do and say things that they may not agree with, that they are uncomfortable about, and that may even be fraudulent, like wind turbines in Ontario.. Some persons may be put under coercive (criminal) pressure, and threatened with retaliation. The perpetrators may be bona fide psychopaths. Behaviours lying somewhere on a spectrum.. For example, back in 2004/5, when Dalton McGuinty was Premier, and Mike Crawley was the founding CEO of AIM PowerGen ...
This report analyzes the global market for capacitors consumed in renewable energy systems, including plastic film capacitors, aluminum electrolytic capacitors and EDLC supercapacitor markets in solar energy, wind turbine, tidal energy and geothermal mark
Natural News) The Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy Systems (Fraunhofer IWES) is testing a new rotor blade that incorporates bend-twist coupling (BTC) technology. Wind turbines equipped with the new blade can get the most out of fluctuating winds, reported an AlphaGalileo article.. The German wind energy sector leads its European peers by a good margin. Germany operates more than 28,000 wind turbines, and their total output of 50 gigawatts accounted for a 12.3 percent share of the countrys entire electricity production in 2016.. Fraunhofer IWES is at the forefront of refining wind energy technology. The company and its partners are working on SmartBlades2, a joint project that tackles the BTC concept for wind turbine rotor blades.. A rotor blade has a large surface area that belies its slim appearance. Within that area, the strength of the wind can vary greatly and change quickly. The pressure on the blade thats pointing skyward could be very different from the pressure pushing at the ...
Abdelmouleh, Z., Alammari, R.A.M., Gastli, A., 2015. Review of policies encouraging renewable energy integration & best practices. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 45, 249-262. Aguirre, M., Ibikunle, G., 2014. Determinants of renewable energy growth: A global sample analysis. Energy Policy, 69, 374-384. Apergis, N., 2016. Environmental Kuznets curves: New evidence on both panel and country-level CO2 emissions. Energy Economics, 54, 263-271. Apergis, N., Payne, J.E., 2014a. The causal dynamics between renewable energy, real GDP, emissions and oil prices: evidence from OECD countries. Applied Economics, 46(36), 4519-4525. Apergis, N., Payne, J.E., 2014b. Renewable energy, output, CO2 emissions, and fossil fuel prices in Central America: evidence from a nonlinear panel smooth transition vector error correction model. Energy Economics, 42, 226-232. Apergis, N., Payne, J.E., 2015. Renewable energy, output, carbon dioxide emissions, and oil prices: evidence from South America. Energy Sources, ...
We now have another study that confirms that there are no health impacts associated with living near wind farms.. The study, conducted by Health Canada at a cost of $2.1 million, agrees with the findings of the study by Ontarios Medical Officer of Health, which found no causal link between wind turbine noise and adverse health effects. A study by the American Psychological Association found the same. So have a myriad of other studies done over the years in multiple jurisdictions.. Health Canadas study found that there was no relationship between wind turbines and reports of trouble sleeping, incidence of self-reported illness, stress, or quality of life.. They did, however, find that some people are annoyed by wind farms. In the language of epidemiology, the study found a correlation, but not a causal relationship, between increasing levels of wind turbine noise and annoyance.. The authors note that the levels of annoyance may be linked to other issues, such as health, overall economic ...
Wind Power Basics. (7.5 credits, Autumn17/18, weeks 35-43, 50%. 7.5 credits, Spring17/18, weeks 03-11, 50%.). The Wind Power Basics course gives you a basic understanding of wind power, how a wind turbine works, knowledge of wind resources, the permissions needed for development, the environmental impacts of wind power and some useful economic calculations.
Generation system interruptions in net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs) may result in missing the net-zero targets by a great margin. Consequently, it is significant to incorporate a realistic reliability model for renewable energy systems (RESs) that considers aging and long-term weather conditions. This study proposed a robust design optimization method that deals with the selection of RES to achieve NZEB. Different case studies were evaluated: 1. Deterministic approach; 2. Markov chain-based reliability without the aging effect; 3. Markov chain-based reliability with the aging effect. The results showed that the optimal sizes of RES, considering the aging effect, were much larger than the other two cases based on the annual energy balance. Moreover, the consideration of the aging effect on the reliability assessment of the generation system for NZEB opens a pathway for a more robust and economic design of RES. ...
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Protecting Ontarians by examining the pros and cons of wind turbines and the impact wind power has on the economy, human health, and the natural environment.
The Global Wind Energy Market Research Report is a painstaking interpretation of details based on the global Wind Energy industry and each factor concerned with the market. The report aims to provide insights that intensely illuminate the market structure, scope, history, potential, and development perspective. By traversing through the historical and present market status, the global Wind Energy market report provides authentic and reliable estimates for the forecast period.. The report renders the analysis of market competition, segmentation, prominent market players, industry environment, and microeconomic factors that help clients, Wind Energy manufacturers, investors, officials, and researchers comprehend ongoing market performance at a minute level. The report also enlightens in-depth details of changing market dynamics, pricing structures, trends, restraints, limitations, demand-supply variations, growth-boosting factors, and market fluctuations that have been considered the most ...
While the Henry County Planning Commission recently issued a no recommendation ruling on a revised ordinance governing wind farms, members of the Sulphur Springs Town Board had an emphatically different reaction Tuesday night.. The board unanimously passed on first reading its own wind ordinance, prohibiting any wind energy system within the jurisdiction of Sulphur Springs.. The action was just part of an effort to fight wind turbine activity in Henry County. At the suggestion of concerned citizens present during the meeting, the board also directed Town Attorney Jeremy Bell to contact Syracuse attorney Steve Snyder, who has been successful in getting setbacks changed and, in one case, helping an Indiana county ban commercial wind farms entirely.. According a Feb. 18, 2015 story in the Connersville News-Examiner, a sister paper to the The Courier-Times, Snyder argued in Marshall County that setback distances needed to be increased because of population density. A similar argument was made at ...
Review Environmental issues associated with wind energy e A review Kaoshan Dai a, b, *, Anthony Bergot c, Chao Liang d, Wei-Ning Xiang e, f, Zhenhua Huang g a State Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering and College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Rd., 200092 Shanghai, China b State Key Lab of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and …. This focus issue is concerned with research in wind energy. Your research paper proposal will be written from scratch.. L., ed. This book entitled Renewable Energy Sources and Their Applications„ includes papers contributed by the participants and invited guests including scientists, policy planners, industry representatives and NGOs from India and abroad. In particular, the power produced by wind turbines is traded in -ahead auctioned marketday s. Blockchain technology in the energy sector: A systematic review of wind energy research paper pdf challenges and opportunities - Open access. There are many ...
A UK-based manufacturer of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines reports it has specified angular contact ball bearings and housed spherical roller bearings from Schaeffler UK for use on its 4N-55 wind turbine, the worlds first commercially viable medium-sized 55kW Vertical Axis Wind Turbine.. Based in Blackpool, 4Navitas designs and manufactures Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWT). The company says these turbines offer a very reliable, efficient and cost-effective alternative to conventional Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines and VAWTs are quieter, more bird and bat-friendly and are less costly to maintain compared to horizontal turbines.. The 4N-55 is a 55kW rated VAWT. Schaeffler says three years in development, this radical new design is manufactured in the UK and incorporates a range of patented design features, which greatly enhance power-generating output at low wind speeds and significantly reduce the total costs of ownership.. Schaeffler UK [email protected] www.schaeffler.co.uk. Click here for ...
Analysis of Energy System in Sweden Based on Time series Forecasting and Regression Analysis: 10.4018/IJEOE.2017070105: Sweden has had a long-term political commitment to renewable energy development up until the oil crisis of the early 1970s. Oil accounted for more than 75
Wind Power Project Development. (7.5 credits, Autumn18/19, weeks 36-43, 50%.). Using the skills from previous courses and course literature regarding the economics of a project and the planning of a project, each student will make a feasibility study for a wind power project. The wind power project assignment consists of several of the necessary steps in the development of a wind farm project. During the feasibility study both windPRO and WAsP wind resource assessment tools will be used.
1. The advantages offered by utilizing wind energy to develop aquaculture production not only include promoting fish or shrimp growth, lowering of incidence of disease, using less feed and increasing fish yield, but also include saving conventional energy (fuel or electricity) consumption. At present, there are more than 60, 000 sets of oxygen-enhancing equipment in China. Most of the equipment is being driven by fuel or electricity. However, the price of fuel and electricity are high. On the other hand, in some sparsely populated regions as well as islands and remote border regions, the national electricity grid has not yet been installed or electricity supply is serious inadequate. Since wind energy source is considerably abundant in these regions, the prospects of utilizing wind energy to develop fishery is bright in these regions. 2. As mentioned above, it is important for fish, especially for prawn, to replace old water in fishponds with fresh water. Regulating water quality is a key link ...
SNAP policies constituted the bulk of Title IV of the 112th Congresss farm bill proposals, with notable differences between the Senate-passed and House-reported bills. SNAP provisions in both bills would have changed authorization requirements for retailers and some of the rules that govern participants and retailers redemption of SNAP benefits. Both bills would have provided additional mandatory funding for reducing SNAP trafficking (the sale of SNAP benefits for cash or ineligible goods), although the Senate bill proposed a larger amount. In terms of a households eligibility for SNAP and the calculation of monthly benefit amounts, both bills would have identically reduced the impact of a households receipt of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) benefits affecting the households SNAP benefit calculation. The House Committee bill also would have restricted categorical eligibility, a policy most responsible for the difference between the nutrition title cost estimates. The ...
In a wide variety of thermal energy systems, the high integration among components derives from the need to correctly exploit all the internal heat sources by a proper matching with the internal heat sinks. According to what has been suggested in previous works to address this problem in a general way, a basic configuration can be extracted from the system flowsheet including all components but the heat exchangers, in order to exploit the internal heat integration between hot and cold thermal streams through process integration techniques. It was also shown how the comprehension of the advanced thermodynamic cycles can be strongly facilitated by decomposing the system into elementary thermodynamic cycles which can be analyzed separately. The advantages of the combination of these approaches are summarized in this paper using the steam injected gas turbine (STIG) cycle and its evolution towards more complex system configurations as an example of application. The new concept of baseline thermal ...
Chong, Kiat Shiu (2010) Dynamic modeling and simulation of a stand alone solid oxide fuel cell energy system. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Electrical Engineering. Full text not available from this repository.. Official URL: http://libraryopac.utm.my/client/en_AU/main/search... ...
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Energy Systems & Exercise: The Basics ATP Aerobic System Lactic Acid/Anaerobic Glycolysis ATP-PC (phosphagen) 0 sec 4 sec sec min min + Strength - Power: power lift, shot put, golf swing Sustained Power: sprints, fast breaks, football Anaerobic Power - Endurance: m dash, 100 m swim Aerobic Endurance: Beyond 800 m run Immediate/short-term Aerobic-oxidative non-oxidative systems system
Eric Oetter profiles repeated-sprint athletes and their energetic demands and tells how to optimally prep the proper energy systems with interval training
China is the worlds leader in installed wind power capacity. After years of development in the countrys north, northeastern and northwestern areas, wind power is spreading across China. Greenpeaces annual industry analysis China Wind Power Outlook predicts that Chinas installed wind power capacity will be between 200 and 300 GW by 2020 and over 400 GW by 2030. And that by 2030, wind power will make up about 8.4% of Chinas total electricity generation, and 15% of Chinas installed capacity. It estimates that in 2011 Chinas wind energy sector generated 71.5 billion kilowatt hours, equivalent to the annual electricity demand of over 47 million households.
China is the worlds leader in installed wind power capacity. After years of development in the countrys north, northeastern and northwestern areas, wind power is spreading across China. Greenpeaces annual industry analysis China Wind Power Outlook predicts that Chinas installed wind power capacity will be between 200 and 300 GW by 2020 and over 400 GW by 2030. And that by 2030, wind power will make up about 8.4% of Chinas total electricity generation, and 15% of Chinas installed capacity. It estimates that in 2011 Chinas wind energy sector generated 71.5 billion kilowatt hours, equivalent to the annual electricity demand of over 47 million households.
Cement manufacture is energy and resource intensive, consuming 1.5 tonnes of material per tonne of cement produced. In the ... For example, adding Ca-looping to all coal-fired plants in the UK would generate enough waste for 33 Mtonnes/yr of cement ... Although additional energy is required to separate O2 from N2, the majority of the energy input can be recovered because the ... Also, as discussed in section 2, Ca-looping imposes a lower energy penalty than amine scrubbing, resulting in lower energy ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Hoosier Energy Announces New 20-Year Resource Plan". Hoosier Energy. Hoosier Energy ... "Duke Energy implodes Wabash River Generating Station". Tribune-Star. May 2, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2021. "About IMPA / ... "Duke Energy working on cleaner energy, plans to retire Gibson Station units". WFIE. Retrieved February 19, 2021. CS1 maint: ... Energy portal United States portal Indiana portal "Indiana - State Energy Profile Overview - EIA". www.eia.gov. Retrieved 2020- ...
Among Gansu's most important sources of energy are its water resources: the Yellow River and other inland river drainage basins ... Twenty-nine hydropower stations have been constructed in Gansu, altogether(?) capable of generating 30 gigawatts. Gansu has an ... "Natural resources in Gansu". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 5 April 2021. "甘肃经济全国落后的原因,仅有一个城市在发展,其它城市不思进取". www.sohu.com. ... Based on the area's abundant mineral resources it has begun developing into a vital industrial center.
"EBCE Approves Resource Adequacy Contract with Vistra Energy for New Battery Energy Storage Project, Paving Way for Shut Down of ... "Gateway Generating Station (formerly Contra Costa Power Plant Unit 8), Licensing Case - Docket # 2000-AFC-01". ww2.energy.ca. ... "High Winds Wind Energy Center" (PDF). NextEra Energy Resources. Retrieved February 19, 2020. "Electricity Data Browser - ... "Montezuma I & II Wind Energy Center" (PDF). NextEra Energy Resources. Retrieved February 19, 2020. "Electricity Data Browser - ...
It evaluates the solar-generated energy as if it were generated by coal, the major source of power in Utah. Many eastern states ... Utah's energy resource consumption consists of both fossil fuels and renewable resources. In 2009, residents, business and ... Of the total energy produced, 1,090 trillion British thermal units (320 TWh), in 2009 a fraction of 0.1% was solar generated. ... Wind power in Utah Solar power in the United States Renewable energy in the United States U.S. Renewable Energy Technical ...
... solar energy and wind power; this would generate additional resources. The Government of Pakistan allowed the provincial ... Pakistan portal Energy portal Renewable energy in developing countries Renewable energy in Pakistan Wind power in Pakistan ... Punjab, German firm ink solar energy MoU "Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park: Solar energy's 100MW to arrive in April". The Express ... Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System is a special grant aid project by the Japan International ...
"Solar Resources". NV Energy. Retrieved March 14, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Rob Sabo (October 31, 2017). " ... The project occupies 137 acres adjacent to NV Energy's 226 MW natural gas-fueled Fort Churchill Generating Station in the Mason ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Fort Churchill Generating Station" (PDF). NV Energy. Retrieved March 15, 2019. CS1 ... renewable energy. The resulting arrangement is unusual in that Apple owns the facility, leases it to NV Energy to operate and ...
Resources Human resources, energy, time and other means required to carry out the transformations. Elements as inputs Elements ... Products All whatever is generated by transformations. The products can be of the desired or not desired type (e.g., the ... namely the Constraints and Resources. Among the resources, note the specificity of the Resource-Time component which passes ... These tasks may be carried out by people, nature or machines using various resources; an engineering process must be considered ...
... the potential of 60,000 megawatts of wind power generating capacity in an area that has relatively little renewable energy ... The resource area, the Mid-Atlantic Bight, was identified and mapped in 2006 by Willett M. Kempton of the University of ... Google Energy, the investment firm Good Energies, and Japanese trading firm Marubeni announced that they were investing "tens ... The system's energy transmission capacity would be a "superhighway for clean energy" to serve approximately 1.9 million ...
The Isolated Generating Units and Customer Choice Regulation (165/2003) enables Alberta to govern the provision of energy to ... Standing Senate Committee on Energy, the Environment and Natural Resources. "Powering Canada's Territories": 64. Cite journal ... Hydro and Electric Energy Act: RSA 2000; 2017. Isolated Generating Units and Customer Choice Regulation: Alberta Regulation 165 ... National Energy Board (July 2017). Canada's role in the global LNG market : energy market assessment (PDF). Canada: National ...
Recycled resources generate revenues, but they also save energy. How much depends on the material: some materials such as ... generated energy. This is in contrast to some European countries where recycling and trash-to-energy processing is around 40-50 ... Waste is converted to energy when the heat generated by burning trash is directed to boil water for steam to spin turbines. The ... that recycling these energy-intensive products results in large energy savings. For example, a 2005 report by the Environmental ...
Catch and store energy: Develop systems that collect resources at peak abundance for use in times of need. Obtain a yield: ... The Hügelkultur berms kept or generated enough heat to allow the roots to survive during alpine winter conditions. The point of ... Here permaculture principles aim to reduce energy and water needs, harnessing natural resources such as sunlight, to create a ... Resource partitioning guilds group species based on their abilities to share essential resources with one another through a ...
Due to climate change and melting of the Arctic sea-ice, more energy resources and waterways are now becoming accessible. Large ... This environmental factor generated territorial disputes among member states. The Law of the Sea allows states to extend their ... The focus on science and resource protection and management is seen as a priority, which could be diluted or strained by the ... China has explicitly shown its desire to extract natural resources in Greenland. Military infrastructure is another point to ...
Project at Puget Sound Energy Snoqualmie Falls Hydroelectric Project at SnoqualmieFalls.com Snoqualmie Falls Cavity Generating ... 2: Restoring a Renewable Resource". HydroWorld. November 1, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter ... In 2004, Puget Sound Energy was granted a new 40 year license from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission which required that ... Plant 1 was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Snoqualmie Falls Cavity Generating Station on April 23, 1976. ...
The farm operates 10 Floda 600 wind turbines generating 6 MW in total. The energy is consumed by the Mey Eden plant, the Golan ... Installation commenced after an extensive wind resource assessment carried out in 20 sites in the Golan Heights for about three ... 16, 2008 Israel's first wind energy developer gets windier on the Golan GreenProphet, Aug. 8, 2008 Mey Golan Wind Energy Ltd. ... The remaining energy is fed into the electrical grid. Mey Golan was granted a license to build a $500 million and 400 MW wind ...
... while each interaction pathway expends high levels of energy. This setup generates a selection pressure that favors energy ... Signals and resource are related by OR, AND, XOR, NAND, NOR dynamic logic functions. - Multi-gates: Signals and resource are ... The distribution of resources is set in a temporal dependent manner. During each round, random mutations and perturbations are ... At the end of each round, the cells with the lowest energy count are eliminated. This selects for cells that are able to ...
... fossil resources (ARF) and non-renewable resources (ARN). AE is the area needed to provide process energy (incl. electricity). ... energy and human manpower. Production, delivery and consummation of goods generates emissions and waste. The SPI includes all ... Examples are: Renewable energy: renewable bioenergy system integration Renewable energy supply Personal footprint calculator ... land consumption Consumption of non-renewable resources Consumption of renewable resources Consumption of fossil resources ...
Accordingly, more energy must be removed than the fire generates. In practice these methods are combined, and each case depends ... on the resources available. This is especially true for water, for example in arid regions, and for covering material, such as ... Energy can be removed by cooling, usually by injecting large amounts of water. However, if any remaining dry coal absorbs water ... One well known source of fires is mining breaking into a high pressure cavity of methane gas which on release can generate a ...
... less energy is required to operate an EV. Producing batteries for electric cars requires additional resources and energy, so ... EVs also generate different impacts in their operation and maintenance. EVs are typically heavier and could produce more tire, ... Internal combustion engines are relatively inefficient at converting on-board fuel energy to propulsion as most of the energy ... see Energy Returned On Energy Invested.) Even on a fossil-fueled grid, it's quite feasible for a household with solar panels to ...
Energy, and Resources Section. Washington, DC: American Bar Association. EPA. "Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards ... "Steam Electric Power Generating Effluent Guidelines - 2015 Final Rule". EPA. 2020-09-04. Dennis, Brady; Eilperin, Juliet (2020- ... "Case Summary: Duke Energy Agrees to $3 Million Cleanup for Coal Ash Release in the Dan River". Enforcement. EPA. 2017-03-15. ... Leachate from fly ash can contain heavy metals in excess of allowable U.S. standards under the Resource Conservation and ...
Bainbridge, Amy (20 January 2020). "China's Mekong River dams are generating renewable energy, but are costing locals their ... irrigation and energy generation. As freshwater is a vital, yet unevenly distributed natural resource, its availability often ... As a resource, some consider water to be as valuable as oil, needed by nearly every industry, and needed nearly every day. ... Water resources that span international boundaries are more likely to be a source of collaboration and cooperation than war. ...
The North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources is planning a consent order for Duke Energy plants on the ... The lake generates hydro-electric power for the nearby region. It also supported the Riverbend Steam Station by cooling the ... Mountain Island Lake Marine Commission Mountain Island Lake at Duke Energy Mountain Island Lake Water Levels at Duke Energy ... "Duke Energy, state reach deal on coal ash". Gaston Gazette. Retrieved 2020-12-08. Division of Water Quality seeks public ...
Total generating capacity is 3,098,692 kW. Mississippi Power is currently constructing the Kemper County energy facility, ... Lignite, an abundant natural resource in Mississippi and commonly referred to as "brown coal", is very low grade coal. To meet ... "Mississippi Power - Generating Plants". Mississippi Power. Retrieved 20 May 2014. "Mississippi Power - Generating Plants". ... Mississippi Power and the Department of Energy invested in technology to turn lignite coal into a viable energy source. The ...
It produces 12.7 MW of power and consumes 140,000 tonnes of chicken litter a year and is owned by Energy Power Resources (EPR ... The world's first poultry litter-fueled generating plant was built on the site in 1992. ...
He serves as the chairman and CEO of Hunt Consolidated Energy, a holding company for the Hunt Oil Company. He is also a member ... He sat on the board of directors of T Bank and US Power Generating Company. In 1998, he started two electricity companies, Hunt ... In 1990, he joined the Natural Resources Group and moved to their London office in 1991. In 1993, he joined Morgan Stanley's ... He serves as the chairman and chief executive officer of Hunt Consolidated Energy. Hunt's late paternal grandfather, H. L. Hunt ...
... and Vision Energy, LLC (Cincinnati, OH) and later sold in 2007 to BP and Dominion Resources. The project was constructed ... Wind farms generating money for Indiana community[permanent dead link] "GE 1.5MW Wind Turbine". General Electric. 2008-11-19. ... also in Benton County and was also developed by Orion Energy, LLC (Oakland, CA) and Vision Energy, LLC (Cincinnati, OH)). The ... Wind Energy Projects - Indiana". American Wind Energy Association. 2008-11-19. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010 ...
The Regency of Kepahiang is rich in natural resources including gold, coal, geothermal energy resources, gemstones as well as a ... The resources provide opportunity to generate approximately 325 MW of electrical power. The near-surface temperature is around ... There are various types of soil and mineral resources such as obsidian, gold, pumice, coal, tuff, clay and geothermal energy ... Kepahiang is not in a shortage of water resources, which is why water was an element used in its crest as well. Ten waterfalls ...
Drainage area of the reservoir downstream of the San Luis Dam is only 18 acres (7.3 ha). The O'Neill Pumping-Generating Plant ... Department of Water Resources (2009). "Station Meta Data: O'Neill Forebay (ONF)". California Data Exchange Center. State of ... California portal Water portal Renewable energy portal List of dams and reservoirs in California Bureau of Reclamation (2009 ...
The fields were bought by Kelt UK Ltd (owned by Kelt Energy plc and Edinburgh Oil & Gas plc) from Candecca Resources Ltd (owned ... A gas field nearby, discovered in 1985, pipes gas to the Knapton Generating Station. ... In July 2019, Third Energy Onshore and two sister companies were sold to York Energy, a subsidiary of US-owned Alpha Energy, ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Todd, Felix (29 October 2018). "What is Third Energy? The UK energy firm whose ...
Hydrogen is harvested from water pumps, and is used for the same purpose as the water resources. Solar energy is generated ... The three main resources are obtained from Survivor compounds, water pumps and the Sun. Each resource is utilized in different ... Resources can also be harvested on the battlefields, but in different ways. Biomass is useless to Ascension and Remnant forces ... Mutagen acts as the equivalent to the water resource, and also behaves as a healing agent in any water into which it is pumped ...
"Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. July 2008.. *^ "BNC Facilities: Nature Center Overview". Friends of ... "Center for Research in Water Resources, The University of Texas at Austin. Archived from the original on February 4, 2007. ... The city's proximity to the bay and the winds that it generates moderate the area's temperatures and ease the effects of the ... As of 2006[update], the largest taxpayers in the city were[32] ExxonMobil Company, CenterPoint Energy, Verizon Southwest, Wal- ...
Specific energy content and energy density[edit]. The heating value depends on the source of gas that is used and the process ... Thus, the LNG liquefaction business has been limited to players with strong financial and political resources. Major ... The worldwide interest in using natural gas-fired combined cycle generating units for electric power generation, coupled with ... a b c d e The Outlook for Global Trade in Liquefied Natural Gas Projections to the Year 2020, Prepared For: California Energy ...
Many ECC encoders/decoders can also generate a bit-error rate (BER) signal which can be used as feedback to fine-tune the ... Another criteria for optimizing the code rate is to balance low error rate and retransmissions number in order to the energy ... The redundant bits that protect the information have to be transferred using the same communication resources that they are ... the software ECCs could be located in the cloud and the antennas connected to this computing resources: improving this way the ...
A Vital Legacy: Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age, U.S. Department of Energy, The Office of Biological ... This algorithm has the advantage of being simple while having a low requirement for computing resources. Disadvantages are that ... Because the oxygen atom that is replaced by F-18 to generate FDG is required for the next step in glucose metabolism in all ... and the whole body occupational dose limit for nuclear energy workers in the USA is 50mSv/year.[30] For scale, see Orders of ...
For instance, the Transgender Law Center's "Peeing in Peace" is a pamphlet that serves as a resource guide full of information ... Some argue that a two-tier system is also generated via what they called the "toilet apartheid" by excluding women/girls from ... In Texas there is energy for and against new bathroom bills by various groups of Christians.[102] ... "Peeing in Peace: a Resource Guide for Transgender Activists and Allies". San Francisco: Transgender Law Center. 2005. Retrieved ...
The discovery and utilization of fire, a simple energy source with many profound uses, was a turning point in the technological ... In this context, it is the current state of humanity's knowledge of how to combine resources to produce desired products, to ... Antoine Lavoisier conducting an experiment with combustion generated by amplified sun light ... Meanwhile, humans were learning to harness other forms of energy. The earliest known use of wind power is the sailing ship; the ...
John R Leeman, E.D. Schmitter; Schmitter (April 2009). "Electric signals generated by tornados". Atmos. Res. 92 (2): 277-79. ... A. J. Bedard (January 2005). "Low-Frequency Atmospheric Acoustic Energy Associated with Vortices Produced by Thunderstorms". ... Resources from Wikiversity *NOAA Storm Events Database 1950-present. *European Severe Weather Database ... instruments generates new ideas and refines existing notions. Numerical modeling also provides new insights as observations and ...
Research has generated evidence that second-hand smoke causes the same problems as direct smoking, including lung cancer, ... "Tobacco Control Resource Center, Northeastern University. Archived from the original on 16 November 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2009 ... potentially reduced energy use via decreased ventilation needs; reduced quantities of litter; healthier environments; and ... 13,500 crores annually, which more than offsets all the benefits accruing in the form of revenue and employment generated by ...
Swanson ES (2015). "Pseudoscience". Science and Society: Understanding Scientific Methodology, Energy, Climate, and ... Reviews of research studies within the chiropractic community have been used to generate practice guidelines outlining ... Resources. *Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. *Cults of Unreason. *Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience. *Fads and Fallacies in the ... "transition of nerve energy" to define scope of practice; others, such as New Jersey, specify a severely narrowed scope.[64] US ...
Dual-energy[edit]. Dual-energy radiography is where images are acquired using two separate tube voltages. This is the standard ... "NDT Resource Center. Iowa State University. Retrieved 27 April 2013.. *^ Karlsson EB (9 February 2000). "The Nobel Prizes in ... Images generated from computed tomography, including a 3D rendered image at upper left. ... Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry[edit]. Main article: Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry ...
Practitioners of reiki and other energy healers purport that a pendulum can be used to examine the chakras, elements of the ... As translated from one preface of the Kassel experiments, "roughly 10,000 active dowsers in Germany alone can generate a ... Resources. *Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. *Cults of Unreason. *Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience. *Fads and Fallacies in the ... spiritual body said to be centres of psychic energy in the esoteric traditions of Eastern religions. ...
The bath, in this case, acts like a measuring apparatus of energy. This lost energy is the quantum version of friction.[19][20] ... should commute with the unitary part generated by H. S. {\displaystyle H_{S}}. .[3] In addition an equilibrium state, is ... Quantum thermodynamics resource theory[edit]. The second law of thermodynamics can be interpreted as quantifying state ... Typically, this energy is not recoverable, due to interaction with a bath that causes energy dephasing. ...
Timothy: Capable of generating thermo-chemical energy from organic exhausts on forearms. (Killed by Face) ... CCI: Cebulski and Lowe Talk "Ex Infernus", Comic Book Resources, July 25, 2008 ... Capable of emitting a highly destructive energy blast from face. Due to the nature of his mutation, he is deaf, blind and mute ... Toko: Generates impenetrable and immovable forcefield.. *Alex: Gelatinous form, capable of engulfing opponents and inhibiting ...
... thereby generate confusion and disorder among our adversaries-since our adversaries will be unable to generate mental images or ... Boyd developed the concept to explain how to direct one's energies to defeat an adversary and survive. Boyd emphasized that " ... and no action is taken allowing the competition to gain the upper hand or resources to be wasted. ... He also indicated that the phase of the battle has an important bearing on the ideal allocation of one's energies. ...
For example, the working memory available is the resource for the development of cognitive processes which may belong to any ... and self-awareness about the cycle's mental representations and mental processes continuously generate new mental content ... such as energy, inertia, etc., can be taught.[34] ... The third parameter (the limit) refers to the resources ... and a limit on the level that can be reached that depends on the available resources for the functioning of the process under ...
During this time, Fleischmann and Pons described their experiments as generating considerable "excess energy", in the sense ... to use whatever resources they needed, and DOE would cover the expenses. (...) [p. 231] While Huggins may have appeared to be ... Excess heat and energy production. An excess heat observation is based on an energy balance. Various sources of energy input ... Infinite Energy Magazine and New Energy Times to cover developments in cold fusion and other fringe claims in energy production ...
Antarctic Ocean and Resources Variability. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 292-296. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-73724-4_25. ISBN 978- ... Humpback whales only have been heard making clicks, while toothed whales use sonar that may generate up to 20,000 watts of ... and energy for fasting when migrating to the equator; the primary usage for blubber is insulation from the harsh climate. It ... "NOAA Fisheries - Office of Protected Resources. Retrieved 9 August 2015.. *. "Mysticetes hunt in groups". Defenders of Wildlife ...
The combination of music and MMS helps premature infants sleep and conserve vital energy required to gain weight more rapidly. ... allows relaxation while drawing images like landscapes enhanced by computer generated sounds ... and the environmental resources available. Both techniques use systematic processes where the therapists assist the client by ... By calming premature babies, it allows for them to preserve their energy, which creates a stable environment for growth. ...
... and energy resources.[123][124][125]. UN (medium variant - 2019 revision) and US Census Bureau (June 2015) estimates[126][127] ... In 2004, a meta-analysis of 70 quantitative studies estimating a sustainable limit to the world population generated a meta- ... falling energy reserves and food shortages would create a "perfect storm" of shortages of food, water, and energy by 2030.[132] ... Resource demands are expected to ease as population growth declines, but it is unclear whether mass food wastage and rising ...
EDF Energy (former British Energy) have their nuclear energy engineering centre with Horizon Nuclear Power. Between the former ... The steam-generating heavy water reactor was developed at Winfrith in Dorset. ... The Neolithic people continued to exploit the reed swamps for their natural resources and started to construct wooden trackways ... "Nuclear energy: British Energy facts". The Daily Telegraph. London: The Telegraph. 24 September 2008. Archived from the ...
Copley, Christine (2007). "Coal". In Clarke, A. W.; Trinnaman, J. A. Survey of energy resources (PDF) (21st ed.). World Energy ... The process decomposes coal and generates carbon dioxide (CO. 2), hydrogen (H. 2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH. 4). In ... Coal Gas, www.clarke-energy.com, retrieved 12.12.2013 *^ [1], BBC - Coal gasification: The clean energy of the future?, ... Linc Energy. Carbon Energy. Main facilities. Angren Power Station (Uzbekistan). Majuba Power Station (South Africa). Chinchilla ...
This is because war has as the goal winning it (as a sought after end), generates both cost and benefits; and, resources (human ... Energy economics is a broad scientific subject area which includes topics related to energy supply and energy demand. Georgescu ... Resources For Economists: American Economic Association-sponsored guide to 2,000+ Internet resources from "Data" to "Neat Stuff ... For example, air pollution may generate a negative externality, and education may generate a positive externality (less crime, ...
The state of Hawaiʻi has substantial geothermal resources, which could dramatically reduce fossil fuel use and energy prices ... A separate plant went online in 1993 in Puna's Lower East Rift Zone and continues to generate 25-30 megawatts of electricity.[ ... Geothermal energy[edit]. Wao Kele is licensed for geothermal energy development until 31 January 2016. As of 2009, Hawaiʻi uses ... Egan, Timothy (January 26, 1990). Energy Project Imperils a Rain Forest "Energy Project Imperils a Rain Forest" Check ,url=. ...
The energy released is used to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) through chemiosmosis, the same basic process that happens ... Learning resources from Wikiversity. *. Taxonomy from Wikispecies. General. *Introduction to the Archaea, ecology, systematics ... Other groups of archaea use sunlight as a source of energy (they are phototrophs). However, oxygen-generating photosynthesis ... These reactions are classified into nutritional groups, depending on energy and carbon sources. Some archaea obtain energy from ...
... impact on water resources, the possible modifications necessary to run the engine on biofuel, as well as energy balance and ... Utilities generate power, typically in the range of 5 to 50 MW, using locally available fuel. Other industries have also ... Future Energies (30 October 2003). "PORT HUENEME, Calif: U.S. Navy to Produce its Own Biofuels :: Future Energies :: The future ... According to a joint research agenda conducted through the US Department of Energy,[30] the fossil energy ratios (FER) for ...
Newpark Resources, AT&T, TurboSquid, iSeatz, IBM, Navtech, Superior Energy Services, Textron Marine & Land Systems, McDermott ... The money generated by the sale of slaves in the Upper South has been estimated at 15 percent of the value of the staple crop ... Louisiana Quick Facts. Archived February 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information ... Kinder Morgan Energy Partners, Dow Chemical Company, Bridgeline, FMP, Tejas, Texaco, UTP).[132] Several energy companies have ...
Shallow biogenic gas is considered to be an unconventional gas resource since it is not generated in the same temperature and ... According to a report commissioned by Alberta's Energy Resources Conservation Board, these and other direct costs totalled ... This is because of special properties of this energy commodity: it is a gas, and it frequently contains impurities. The ... The community took advantage of the natural resource and became the first town or city in western Canada with a gas utility. ...
"Pre-combustion carbon capture" describes processes that capture CO2 before generating energy. This is often accomplished in ... The biomass resources have to meet strictly the sustainability criteria and the co-firing project would need the support in ... Low energy conversion efficiency, energy-intensive biomass supply, combined with the energy required to power the CO2 capture ... Bio-energy is derived from biomass which is a renewable energy source and serves as a carbon sink during its growth. During ...
All Ute reservations are involved in oil and gas leases and are members of the Council of Energy Resource Tribes.[10] The ... They used quartz crystals to generate light, likely hundreds of years before the modern world recognized the phenomenon. The ... The tribe is a member of the Council of Energy Resource Tribes.[10] ... The Ute Mountain Ute Tribe generates revenues through gas and oil, mineral sales, casinos, stock raising, and a pottery ...
"Renewable energy facts". www.nrcan.gc.ca. Canada Natural Resources. October 6, 2017.. ... Ontario's rivers make it rich in hydroelectric energy.[60] In 2009, Ontario Power Generation generated 70 percent of the ... Energy[edit]. See also: Energy policy of Canada, Renewable energy in Canada, and Smart grid ... adopting more energy-efficiency measures to help conserve energy. The bill envisaged appointing a Renewable Energy Facilitator ...
It is located at low energy to lower the stripline power supply requirement and limit the dumped electron radiation. By turning ... Although each bunch center deviation from idea center is very different at low energy, it is gradually minimized with beam ... Additional Resources. * The Portal to Texas History A gateway to rare, historical, and primary source materials from or about ... MODULATION OF LOW ENERGY BEAM TO GENERATE PREDEFINED BUNCH TRAINS FOR THE NSLS-II TOP-OFF INJECTION ...
... in the Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for Disposition of Depleted Uranium Oxide Conversion Product Generated ... Department of Energys (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is announcing its decision to implement its Preferred ... water resources; biotic resources; socioeconomics; land use and aesthetics; cultural resources; and environmental justice would ... Record of Decision for Disposition of Depleted Uranium Oxide Conversion Product Generated From Department of Energys Inventory ...
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved 10 November 2018.. List of the real estate heritage of the Capitale- ... The Saint-Alban-2 generating station was cited as a heritage building by the municipality of Saint-Alban on April 2, 2002. " ... Nationale Cave of Cascatelles Portneuf Regional Natural Park Official website Renewable Energy portal. ...
Energy transition and innovation. Request for Proposals 2014, p. 1. Centrales hydroélectriques (au 1er janvier 2019). Bourque, ... Centrale du Lac-Robertson, Natural Resources. Fish Consumption Guide for Gros-Mécatina. Lac-Robertson, Barrage du, Ministère. ... The Lac-Robertson Generating Station is a 21.6 MW hydroelectric power station in east of the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada ... The Lac-Robertson Generating Station is in the unorganized territory of Petit-Mécatina in Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent Regional ...
The plants owners (Illinois Power Resources Generating LLC and parent Vistra Energy Corporation) harmed neighboring ... NRDC, Sierra Club, and Respiratory Health Association v. Illinois Power Resources Generating. twitter facebook ... The Natural Resources Defense Council works to safeguard the earth - its people, its plants and animals, and the natural ... Kill the Renewable Energy Industry? The Midwest Says "NO!". By *Susan Cosier ...
... membrane that generates compressed hydrogen from natural gas and electricity in a one-step process with near-zero energy loss. ... Resources. *. Harald Malerød-Fjeld, Daniel Clark, Irene Yuste-Tirados, Raquel Zanón, David Catalán-Martinez, Dustin Beeaff, ... Lower cost excess/surplus energy from REs will be available to generate H2.. This will only be done as a publicity stunt/ ... New ceramic membrane generates compressed H2 from methane and electricity with near-zero energy loss 20 November 2017 A team of ...
External Resources. *Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2005, Energy Information Administration, accessed ... Sutherland Generating Station Unit 3 Initial Settling Pond. Articles and Resources. Sources. *↑ Carrie Lowry La Seur, "Alliant ... Sutherland Generating Station was a coal-fired power station owned and operated by Alliant Energy near Marshalltown, Iowa. ... "Plans cancelled for proposed Sutherland Generating Station Unit 4 hybrid power plant," Alliant Energy, March 5, 2009. ...
Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780123750679, 9780080964522 ... The Cost of Wind-Generated Electricity. Economic Aspects of Grid Integration and Intermittency ... energy economics, which focuses on energy-related subjects such as renewable energy, hydropower, nuclear power, and the ... Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics 1st Edition. 0 star rating Write a review ...
Resource recovery is the process of building, reprocessing or developing new products such as recycling, composting or energy ... Recycling can help extract the maximum benefit from natural resources, delay consumption of virgin natural resources, and ... However, new resource recovery technologies plan to change that. Some countries like Scotland, Japan and the US are introducing ... Either in industry or basic research, a career in resource recovery is a way to help make this world a better place through ...
Resource Type:. Journal Article. Resource Relation:. Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and ... U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information ... DRRs were generated, and agreement between CT and synCT-generated DRRs was evaluated via Dice similarity coefficient (DSC). ... Title: Implementation of a Novel Algorithm For Generating Synthetic CT Images From Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data Sets for ...
Resource Type:. Journal Article. Resource Relation:. Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 6; Other ... U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information ... Title: SU-E-T-331: To Evaluate Planning Quality of SBRT with Multiple Lung Metastases Generated with Pinnacle and Tomotherapy ... Journal Article: SU-E-T-331: To Evaluate Planning Quality of SBRT with Multiple Lung Metastases Generated with Pinnacle and ...
High Bridge Generating Plant was a coal-fired power station owned and operated by Xcel Energy in St. Paul, Minnesota. ... Articles and Resources. Sources. *↑ "Xcel plans to convert to cleaner fuel," Minnnesota Public Radio, September 2003. ... In September 2003, Xcel Energy announced plans to convert the Riverside plant and the High Bridge Generating Plant to natural ... Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2005, Energy Information Administration, accessed Jan. 2009. ...
... it fuels a ruthless international search for energy and other resources; it fails at generating jobs; and it rests on a ... He was co-founder of the Natural Resources Defense Council and the World Resources Institute and currently serves as Co-Chair ... The good news is that more and more people sense at some level that theres a great misdirection of lifes energy. We know ...
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David S Ginley; Daṿid Kahen;] -- How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term ... Fundamentals of materials for energy and environmental sustainability. [ ... 1 online resource (xvi, 753 p.) : ill. (chiefly col.). Inhalt:. Machine generated contents note: Preface; Part I. Energy and ... Global energy landscape and energy security; 3. Sustainability and energy conversions; 4. Energy cost of materials: materials ...
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Decentralised Solar Power Energy Systems in ASEAN Jay Mariyappan, Managing Director, Sindicatum Sustainable Resources, ... Chollawit Winitchai, Head of International Investment Division, Ratchaburi Electricity Generating Holding Plc. (RATCH), ... AC Energys Solar Power Project Showcase John Eric T. Francia, President and CEO, AC Energy Holdings, Inc., Philippines ... ASEAN Renewable Energy Address: International Renewable Energy Agencys (IRENA) Outlook on Renewables in ASEAN Roland Roesch, ...
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  • The Lac-Robertson Generating Station is a 21.6 MW hydroelectric power station in east of the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • Georgia Power owns a network of 18 generating plants, 19 hydroelectric dams and multiple solar energy facilities spread across the state, providing low-cost, reliable electricity to 2.5 million customers. (georgiapower.com)
  • According to an ensemble of three climate models and two Representative Concentration Pathway scenarios, runoff and hydroelectric energy projections were evaluated for two future periods (2021-2040, 2081-2100). (mdpi.com)
  • A broad discussion of occupational and public health risks associated with current patterns in the production and consumption of energy in Europe. (who.int)
  • Recycling can help extract the maximum benefit from natural resources, delay consumption of virgin natural resources, and produce minimum amount of waste by disposing in a suitable, environmentally friendly manner. (asme.org)
  • One desirable option - generate savings from decreased energy consumption. (wri.org)
  • The Seventh Environment Action Programme (7th EAP) requires that the EU meet its energy efficiency target of reducing primary energy consumption by 20 % by 2020 (compared with a business-as-usual scenario). (europa.eu)
  • Energy consumption (both primary and final) has decreased over the last decade at a rate that, if continued, means that the target will be met. (europa.eu)
  • In fact, the EU as a whole has already met its target in final energy consumption. (europa.eu)
  • In 2014, final energy consumption in the EU was 1 062 Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent), which was already below the EU target for 2020 (1 086 Mtoe). (europa.eu)
  • Together with progress in implementing energy efficiency policies, the economic downturn, structural changes in industry, lower consumption in the transport sector and a warmer climate have contributed to this development. (europa.eu)
  • In 2014, the sum of all 2020 targets for primary energy consumption from 28 Member States amounted to 1 526 Mtoe, which was 3 % higher than the EU target (1 483 Mtoe). (europa.eu)
  • Meeting the energy efficiency target requires a reduction in energy consumption. (europa.eu)
  • This should lead to a reduction in environmental pressures associated with the production and consumption of energy. (europa.eu)
  • The EED translates this into two separate 2020 reduction targets for the EU's primary and final energy consumption: a primary energy consumption of 1 483 Mtoe, representing a 13.4 % reduction compared with 2005 levels, and a final energy consumption of 1 086 Mtoe, representing an 8.8 % reduction compared with 2005 levels. (europa.eu)
  • In 2014, the EU's primary energy consumption was 11.8 % lower than in 2005 (see Figure 1). (europa.eu)
  • According to preliminary estimates from the EEA, the EU's primary energy consumption increased slightly in 2015 (by 1 % compared with 2014), while still remaining below the indicative linear trajectory (EEA, 2016a). (europa.eu)
  • In 2014, the EU has reduced its final energy consumption by 10.9 % compared with 2005, which was already below the target level set for 2020. (europa.eu)
  • Between 2005 and 2014, primary energy consumption in the EU-28 decreased by 12 %, particularly as a result of the reduction in final energy consumption observed during that period. (europa.eu)
  • The E U has steadily increased the share of renewable energy in its gross final energy consumption. (europa.eu)
  • The Renewable Energy Directive specifies that, by 2020, 20 % of the EU's gross final energy consumption must be renewable. (europa.eu)
  • Thanks to dedicated national support schemes and significant cost reductions achieved by some renewable energy technologies, the EU increased steadily the contribution of renewable energy sources to gross final energy consumption over the 2005-2015 period examined. (europa.eu)
  • However, the pace of progress decreased slightly in 2015 compared with 2014 due to an increase in 2015 of the gross final energy consumption. (europa.eu)
  • EEA preliminary estimates for 2016 show an increase in the share of renewable energy sources in gross final energy consumption, but also a slight slowing down of the pace of progress, compared with 2015. (europa.eu)
  • The Renewable Energy Directive (EU, 2009) commits the EU to reaching 20 % of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2020. (europa.eu)
  • It sets binding national targets for renewable energy consumption in 2020 and it prescribes for each Member State minimum indicative trajectories in the run-up to 2020 to ensure that national targets will be met. (europa.eu)
  • As can be seen in Figure 1, the proportion of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption increased continuously between 2005 and 2015 to reach 16.7 % in 2015. (europa.eu)
  • Current per capita commercial energy consumption varies by more than a factor of 20 between developed and developing countries. (un.org)
  • There is, however, considerable variation in energy consumption growth rates over time between different world regions. (un.org)
  • Much of the increase in global primary energy consumption has occured in the developed countries. (un.org)
  • About 90 percent of the world's energy consumption comes from fossil fuels. (api.org)
  • Together that combination creates a significant opportunity to reduce energy consumption. (hfmmagazine.com)
  • An energy management system for monitoring and analyzing the power consumption at a plurality of locations. (google.com)
  • The primary server stores the energy usage information in a power database such that the information can be processed in a variety of manners, such as aggregating the energy usage information from multiple locations into a single energy consumption statistic. (google.com)
  • a generator connected to the network, the generator having a unique network address for receiving commands from the primary server and transmitting energy usage information across the network, wherein the primary server generates an indicator signal to activate the generator when the energy consumption statistics exceed an upper limit. (google.com)
  • 3. The energy information and control system of claim 2 wherein the energy generator is configured such that the energy generator can be activated by the primary server when the energy consumption statistics reach the upper limit. (google.com)
  • These programs are voluntary for customers and use utility, joint or third-party-owned systems to generate electricity and offset the consumption of the multiple customers participating in the shared renewables program. (ncsl.org)
  • The U.S. Energy Information Administration provides detailed information on states' power generation and consumption, and the New York Times translated that data into handy graphics that are easier to comprehend. (earth911.com)
  • Justin has advised on major energy (including renewables), infrastructure and chemicals projects in Southeast Asia, China, the UAE, and Brazil, acting for both project sponsors and lenders. (ibc-asia.com)
  • This briefing addresses the issue of energy efficiency, with greenhouse gas emissions ( AIRS_PO2.5, 2015 ) 1 and renewables ( AIRS_PO2.6 ) 2 being considered in two other related briefings. (europa.eu)
  • Analysis of the EU Member States' renewable energy action plans shows that if they follow their plans, the EU 2020 renewables target will be achieved. (europa.eu)
  • 2015. " Energy Transitions, Renewables and Rational Energy Use: A Reality Check . (masterresource.org)
  • This argument became the basis for many states implementing a Renewable Energy Standard (RES) or Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) - which mandated that the state's utilities use (or purchase) a prescribed amount of wind energy ("renewables"), by a set date. (masterresource.org)
  • Shared renewables programs can have a variety of names, such as "community solar gardens," "shared clean energy," "roofless solar," "community-based renewable energy" and "community solar. (ncsl.org)
  • While the majority of shared renewables programs are solar projects, a small number of community wind projects are operating, and at least 10 states with shared renewables legislation include provisions to allow a variety of renewable energy technologies. (ncsl.org)
  • Through shared renewables programs, those unable or unwilling to install distributed generation systems on-site, have the opportunity to participate directly in acquiring renewable energy. (ncsl.org)
  • In 2016, IPL ceased coal combustion at Harding Street and Eagle Valley generating stations, resulting in significant emission reductions. (indystar.com)
  • Nepal is rich in hydro resources, with one of the highest per capital hydropower potential in the world. (slideshare.net)
  • For instance, in Oregon, 69 percent of electricity is generated by hydropower. (cnn.com)
  • The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Water Power Technologies Office (WPTO) is committed to developing and deploying a portfolio of innovative technologies for clean, domestic power generation from resources such as hydropower, waves, and tides. (energy.gov)
  • WPTO works with national laboratories , industry, universities, and other federal agencies to conduct research and development activities through competitively selected, directly funded, and cost-shared projects.We are pioneering research and development efforts in both marine and hydrokinetic and hydropower technologies to improve performance, lower cost and ultimately support the United States' ability to sustainably meet its growing energy demand. (energy.gov)
  • Hydropower (potential and kinetic energy) is one of the most important renewable energy sources in the world. (mdpi.com)
  • The present study explores the relationship between climate changes and river runoff, projects future runoff in both gauged and ungauged river catchments, and then assesses how these alterations may affect the future hydropower resources in Lithuania. (mdpi.com)
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kenyan Ministry of Energy discussed with the World Bank for at least $185m to be made available over a period of three years. (power-technology.com)
  • This paper applies portfolio-theory optimisation concepts from the field of finance to produce an expository evaluation of the 2020 projected EU-BAU (business-as-usual) electricity generating mix. (repec.org)
  • The analysis further suggests that the optimal 2020 generating mix is constrained by shortages of wind, especially offshore, and possibly nuclear power, so that even small incremental additions of these two technologies will provide sizeable cost and risk reductions. (repec.org)
  • Gain knowledge of the regulatory updates from Energy from waste projects in Central and Eastern Europe and receive an overview of the progress the region is making towards the 2020 EU targets. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • As economic growth returns, more intensive efforts will be necessary to implement energy efficiency policies at the national level to ensure that the 2020 target is met. (europa.eu)
  • The 7th EAP requires that the EU meet its 2020 climate and energy targets (EU, 2013), which are targets for greenhouse gas emissions, energy efficiency and renewable energy. (europa.eu)
  • The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) (EU, 2012) has a target of increasing energy efficiency by 20 % by 2020 compared with a business-as-usual scenario (EC, 2011). (europa.eu)
  • The 7th EAP (EU, 2013) supports the EU's objective of meeting its 2020 renewable energy target (EU, 2009). (europa.eu)
  • The Directive also requires Member States to adopt national renewable energy action plans that outline expected trajectories for the national share of renewable energy sources (RES) from 2010 to 2020. (europa.eu)
  • The increase over the examined period has been more rapid than the target path prescribed by the Renewable Energy Directive, thus putting the EU well on the path to meet its 2020 target. (europa.eu)
  • Reference: "Development of the Community Water Model (CWatM v1.04) - a high-resolution hydrological model for global and regional assessment of integrated water resources management" by Peter Burek, Yusuke Satoh, Taher Kahil, Ting Tang, Peter Greve, Mikhail Smilovic, Luca Guillaumot, Fang Zhao and Yoshihide Wada, 21 July 2020. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Our breakthrough ceramic membrane technology makes it possible for hydrogen-fueled vehicles to have superior energy efficiency with lower greenhouse gas emissions compared to a battery electric vehicle charged with electricity from the grid. (greencarcongress.com)
  • We locate optimal generating portfolios that reduce cost and market risk as well as CO2 emissions relative to the BAU mix. (repec.org)
  • Minnesota Power's short-term action plan during the five-year period of 2013 through 2017 is comprised of steps that will: a) preserve competitive base load generating resources while reducing emissions, b) continue implementation of least cost demand side resources including conservation, c) reduce reliance on coal fired generation, d) reduce carbon intensity on Minnesota Power's system and e) add renewable energy and transmission infrastructure to the benefit of customers. (scribd.com)
  • The Company's long-term action plan strategy will focus on further reducing carbon emissions in its portfolio and reshaping its generation mix towards a balance of approximately one-third renewable resources, one-third efficient coal-fired generation and one-third natural gas/other sources. (scribd.com)
  • In comparison with fossil fuels, using renewable energy results in reduced greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions, reduced environmental and health impacts, and a reduced dependency on energy imports. (europa.eu)
  • Clean energy sources generate little to no pollution or emissions, compared to traditional fossil fuels such as oil and coal. (nea.org)
  • Nuclear power can be considered clean energy in that there are no emissions, but an accident or disaster could be devastating to human health. (nea.org)
  • The study identifies energy efficiency as the single most important option for achieving significant and long-term reductions in GHG emissions, accounting for up to 50 percent of the reduction potential across the wide range of scenarios analyzed. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Based on the scenarios the authors outline a forward looking energy R&D 'portfolio' that they propose would provide the best hedging strategy for making sure future GHG emissions can be actually reduced and at reasonable costs. (bio-medicine.org)
  • ABOUT GENERAL ENERGY SOLUTIONS USA, General Energy Solutions USA, is a global solar energy company headquartered in Taiwan, is proud to help our clients secure a brighter and cleaner future by harnessing solar power to efficiently, safely and responsibly meet our energy needs, while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions and decreasing reliance on traditional fuels. (prweb.com)
  • 1.We will strive to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by improving energy efficiency. (fujitsu.com)
  • And what if those water-efficient choices also meant using less energy and causing less carbon emissions? (ucsusa.org)
  • EPAT is a fact-based evaluation tool that allows us to reliably evaluate and communicate with our catalog mills about their performance in areas including water and energy use, emissions and human health and safety. (jcrew.com)
  • We believe that efforts to manage our limited natural resources and reduce carbon emissions are not at odds with our business objectives. (indystar.com)
  • Individually, we have embraced new technologies that shrink our carbon footprints, reduce harmful emissions, and make financial sense - technologies like solar and wind power, new and inventive energy efficiency measures, and advancements in lean manufacturing and operations. (indystar.com)
  • They require energy, electricity and water, and generate landfill waste and CO 2 emissions. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • To get a really clear idea of your own energy footprint, EPA's Power Profiler lets you to enter your ZIP code and average monthly electricity use (you can find this on your latest electric bill) for a personalized calculation of the emissions generated by your home. (earth911.com)
  • Many economists believe that the price of energy does not reflect the true costs associated with environmental damages, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions or the cost of protecting access to foreign sources of energy. (rff.org)
  • and fossil fuels have substituted for locally generated energy sources. (fao.org)
  • Fossil fuels-including coal, oil, and natural gas-are sources of energy that humans have taken advantage of over thousands of years. (api.org)
  • One day, our grandchildren will look back on our era dirty fossil fuels, and they'll laugh at us for not getting our energy from clean, efficient dead cats like they do. (howstuffworks.com)
  • To reduce our dependence on expensive, polluting fossil fuels, a lot of new energy sources are being explored. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Contemporary chemical industry is predominantly based on fossil fuels as energy sources and the steam boiler is probably the most common element being used in today's chemical processes. (aiche.org)
  • Sutherland Generating Station was a coal-fired power station owned and operated by Alliant Energy near Marshalltown, Iowa. (sourcewatch.org)
  • According to plans filed with the Minnesota Public Service Commission on November 1, 2010, Alliant Energy plans to close coal-fired boilers at six sites in Iowa, including unit 2 at Sutherland in November 2010, and unit 1 in 2015. (sourcewatch.org)
  • High Bridge Generating Plant was a coal-fired power station owned and operated by Xcel Energy in St. Paul, Minnesota. (sourcewatch.org)
  • "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Coal is also the leading source of global warming pollution in the country, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council. (nea.org)
  • Potomac River Generating Station is a coal-fired power station owned and operated by Mirant (now GenOn Energy ) in Alexandria, Virginia. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In 2007, IPL's generation resources included 86% coming from coal and oil", said Brandi Davis-Handy, Director of External Communications, Indianapolis Power and Light Company (IPL). (prweb.com)
  • Most power plants generate heat from their fuel (by burning coal or natural gas, for example, or by maintaining a fission reaction), and use that heat to boil water, produce steam, and turn turbines. (ucsusa.org)
  • For example, the fission of one pound of uranium releases more energy than burning three million pounds of coal. (api.org)
  • A 6-kW Ground Source Heat Pump costing £5,000 of useable heat and 85-tons pa of biochar suitable generating 17,500-kWh over 2,920 hours (33%) of the when briquetted as a domestic coal substitute or for year. (yudu.com)
  • There is a bunch of sincere people who really want to use these resources for the benefit of Pakistan like Dr Samar Mubarik who wanted to generate electricity through coal. (pakobserver.net)
  • The production of manufactured gas generated coal tar waste. (usf.edu)
  • underwater turbines would harness the energy from currents while floating devices along the edge would harness the wave power. (treehugger.com)
  • In most power plants, water cools the steam that spins the electricity-generating turbines. (ucsusa.org)
  • 2017. " Wind Turbines are Neither Clean nor Green and they Provide Zero Global Energy . (masterresource.org)
  • Wind energy was resurrected from the dust bin of power sources, as its promoters pushed the fact that wind turbines did not produce CO2 while generating electricity. (masterresource.org)
  • The concept behind new concentrated solar power plant is very similar to Seville's solar power tower where hundreds of solar panels reflect the sun's light to heat the water inside the tower, which later evaporates into steam that passes through series of turbines to generate electricity. (amazonaws.com)
  • Vestas Wind Systems A/S (Vestas) is a renewable energy company that designs, manufactures, constructs, installs, and services wind turbines. (bharatbook.com)
  • It is located at low energy to lower the stripline power supply requirement and limit the dumped electron radiation. (unt.edu)
  • The plant's owners (Illinois Power Resources Generating LLC and parent Vistra Energy Corporation) harmed neighboring communities by failing to invest in modern pollution controls and continuing to rely on equipment built in the 1970s. (nrdc.org)
  • Navbar-WestVirginiacoal}} Fort Martin Power Station is a power station owned and operated by Allegheny Energy Supply Company , a subsidiary of the investor-owned electricity utility Allegheny Energy . (sourcewatch.org)
  • As of December 17, 2009, the Allegheny Energy was about to close on bond sales that would pay for installing a scrubber at its Fort Martin Power Station. (sourcewatch.org)
  • At Chevron, we're focused on safely delivering the energy needed to power human and economic progress worldwide. (rigzone.com)
  • Solar panels like these can turn the sun's energy into electricity to provide power to homes. (wikibooks.org)
  • In the case of the solar power plant, the energy conducted by the heated liquid is used to make electricity. (wikibooks.org)
  • Minnesota Power presents for approval its 2013 Integrated Resource Plan ("2013 Plan" or "Plan") pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission's ("Commission") Orders dated May 6, 2011 and September 13, 2012 in Docket No. E015/RP-09-1088. (scribd.com)
  • Clean energy is defined as power created using renewable resources such as the wind, plants, water and the sun. (nea.org)
  • For instance, oceans are a source of thermal energy, as they store heat from the sun, as well as mechanical energy from the power of waves. (nea.org)
  • GenOn's Potomac River Generating station is an old power plant located on the Potomac River in a residential district, close to Reagan National Airport and within sight of the Washington Monument. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The City of Alexandria and GenOn Energy have reached an agreement to retire this power plant by October 1, 2012, unless needed for reliability purposes. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Project partner Indianapolis Power and Light, has continued its commitment to excellence and energy responsibility with their involvement and support in North America's largest solar project at the Indianapolis International Airport. (prweb.com)
  • During June of 2013, IPL was recognized as a top utility for renewable power programs by the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (prweb.com)
  • The $35-$40 million dollar alternative energy project is a significant public-private partnership that includes the Indianapolis Airport Authority (IAA), the City of Indianapolis, and privately held businesses GES, Telamon Corporation, Johnson Melloh Solutions, Cenergy Power and Indianapolis Power & Light Company. (prweb.com)
  • Normally, electric power generated by the National Power Corporation (NPC) is sold through private utility firms authorized to operate within a franchise area. (chanrobles.com)
  • On October 12, 1993, Iligan filed with the respondent Energy Regulatory Board (ERB for short) a petition for the implementation of the 1987 Cabinet Policy Reforms in the Power Sector, docketed as ERB-93-97, praying specifically that the direct supply of power to industries within its franchise area be discontinued by the National Power Corporation (NPC, for short). (chanrobles.com)
  • Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen) is building a third unit at its Olkaria II geothermal power station. (power-technology.com)
  • These analytics are used to know when, how much and where these resources are contributing on the power grid. (sas.com)
  • Aggerating the granular level of 15-minute reads from advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) at the customer level, to defined nodal levels on the system, provides insights of energy usage throughout the power grid. (sas.com)
  • A forecast with improved accuracy may defer building additional generating units or defer the need for a long-term power contract. (sas.com)
  • Most of them are going in Western state cities where power is primarily from renewable resources and cheaper than other areas. (cnn.com)
  • One obstacle to nuclear fission power is that radioactive nuclear waste is generated. (api.org)
  • 1 - Wind energy was abandoned well over a hundred years ago, as even in the late 1800s it was totally inconsistent with our burgeoning, more modern needs for power. (masterresource.org)
  • It's not possible for wind energy, by itself, to EVER do this, which is one of the main reasons it was relegated to the dust bin of antiquated technologies (along with such other inadequate energy sources as horse and oxen power). (masterresource.org)
  • The primary server can be accessed by remote monitoring stations to view and analyze the energy usage information stored in the power database. (google.com)
  • Georgia Power helps you save money and use energy wisely at home. (georgiapower.com)
  • Georgia Power helps businesses make smart investments in energy efficiency. (georgiapower.com)
  • Georgia Power maintains a number of plants throughout the state to support Georgia's energy needs. (georgiapower.com)
  • To meet Georgia's growing demand for energy, Georgia Power considers a wide range of energy resources. (georgiapower.com)
  • IPL also offers its Green Power Option, which enables customers to receive electricity generated by wind. (indystar.com)
  • Geothermal energy is a significant source of renewable electric power in the western United States and, with advances in exploration and development technologies, a potential source of a large fraction of baseload electric power for the entire country. (usgs.gov)
  • Based on current projections, the United States faces the need to increase its electrical power generating capacity by approximately 300,000 Megawatts-electrical (MWe) over the next 20 years. (usgs.gov)
  • Geothermal energy constitutes one of the nation's largest sources of renewable and environmentally benign electric power, yet the installed capacity of approximately 3000 MWe falls short of the estimated resources. (usgs.gov)
  • The USGS 2008 National geothermal resource assessment (provide link to 2008 assessment) estimated potential power production capacity from identified and undiscovered conventional geothermal resources at approximately 40,000 MWe. (usgs.gov)
  • This indicates that substantial geothermal resources are available to contribute to the nation's electric power mix. (usgs.gov)
  • Still, significant questions remain regarding the nature and extent of undiscovered conventional geothermal resources as well as the viability of EGS as a new technology for producing geothermal electric power. (usgs.gov)
  • The U.S. Department of Energy's Water Power Program is committed to developing and deploying a portfolio of innovative technologies and market solutions for clean, domestic power generation from water resources across the United States. (energy.gov)
  • Our cutting-edge research portfolio is aimed to produce the next generation of water power technologies and jump-start private sector innovation critical to the country's long-term economic growth, energy security, and international competitiveness by accelerating the development of markets for those technologies. (energy.gov)
  • Energy sources like solar and wind cannot be directly connected to the power grid, since the intensity of electricity produced from these sources show a large variation according to the availability of sunlight and wind. (amazonaws.com)
  • Solar power might be the most up-and-coming renewable energy source, but one of the biggest drawbacks to solar power plants is their inability to generate electricity at night or during cloudy days. (amazonaws.com)
  • Not all the current manisfestations of alternate power-generating technology will survive in the market place. (amazonaws.com)
  • The MBA Energy combines Cranfield's expertise in energy and power with the School of Management's worldwide reputation in leadership development. (cranfield.ac.uk)
  • The company partners with customers to monitor wind energy production and performance of the wind power plant throughout its lifetime. (bharatbook.com)
  • The power plants that generate electricity and the utilities that distribute the electricity to users are mostly investor-owned corporations. (earth911.com)
  • Public power utilities - community-owned, not-for-profit power providers - only generate about 10 percent of the electricity in the U.S. and distribute 15 percent of the power used. (earth911.com)
  • There are also cooperative utilities, but the majority are corporations, often the same ones that own the power generating plants. (earth911.com)
  • But even if your own solar power system is out of reach, you might be able to make your energy greener. (earth911.com)
  • A "distributed energy resource" is small-scale power generation technology used to provide an alternative or enhancement to the traditional electric power system and is located on the customer's side of the power meter. (renewableenergyworld.com)
  • Rooftop or parking lot solar panel arrays are examples of a distributed energy resource, and can be contrasted with solar power plants operated by the utilities themselves. (renewableenergyworld.com)
  • George Kirkland, vice chairman, Chevron Corporation, said, "This new discovery in the Greater Gorgon Area further highlights the quality of Chevron's exploration capability in the region and the significance of Australia to Chevron's energy portfolio. (aol.com)
  • Chevron is one of the world's leading integrated energy companies, with subsidiaries that conduct business worldwide. (aol.com)
  • Chevron is one of the world's leading energy companies, with approximately 48,000 employees working in countries around the world. (rigzone.com)
  • Chevron Australia is the operator of WA-374-P with a 50 percent interest while Shell Development (Australia) Pty Ltd and Mobil Australia Resources Company Pty Limited each hold 25 percent. (thestreet.com)
  • The Alder project builds on Chevron's already well-established presence in the U.K. energy development sector," said Todd Levy, president of Chevron Europe, Eurasia and Middle East Exploration and Production. (chevron.com)
  • For more than 50 years Chevron has been active in the U.K.'s oil and gas industry, and we will continue to play a role in developing the region's natural resources. (chevron.com)
  • Since mid-2009, Chevron made 21 discoveries offshore western Australia, adding 10 trillion cubic feet of resources. (chevron.com)
  • Chevron is involved in virtually every facet of the energy industry. (webwire.com)
  • Chevron is one of the world's leading integrated energy companies. (rigzone.com)
  • In the future, renewable sources of energy may be able to provide all of the energy we need. (wikibooks.org)
  • Understand how conduction, convection, and radiation transfer energy as heat when renewable energy sources are used. (wikibooks.org)
  • Understand that some renewable energy sources cost less than others and some cause less pollution than others. (wikibooks.org)
  • Its use on a larger scale is just starting to ramp up and people increase production of renewable energy sources. (wikibooks.org)
  • In addition to using clean energy sources, the concept of clean energy also involves energy efficiency. (nea.org)
  • Sometimes, clean energy sources multitask. (nea.org)
  • States vary in determining which energy sources and production methods are clean, so the rules and energy options differ depending on location. (nea.org)
  • This hydrogen-generating cluster of iron (brown) and sulfur (yellow) atoms, with side groups of carbon monoxide (gray/red) and cyanide (gray/blue), could be a key to future fuel sources. (greencarcongress.com)
  • The Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development at its first session ( 7-18 February 1994) requested the Secretary-General to prepare a report on Energy and protection of the atmosphere for consideration by the Committee at its second session.1 This report has been prepared in response to the Committee's request. (un.org)
  • 2019. " Energy Production & Changing Energy Sources . (masterresource.org)
  • Together, these energy sources allow us to provide reliable, safe and affordable energy to our customers. (georgiapower.com)
  • No time like the present to start looking at ways to make the transition to other sources of energy. (amazonaws.com)
  • It turns out there are energy sources out there that are much more bizarre than corn and sugar. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Which bizarre energy sources fit the criteria? (howstuffworks.com)
  • Like many claims of revolutionary energy sources, we're still waiting to see the results -- dead cats excluded. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Despite what you may be thinking, there are a few alternative energy sources that have a real shot at changing the world -- they're just a little unusual. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Renewable energy is increasingly cost-competitive with traditional electricity sources leading more customers to install renewable energy systems, including rooftop solar, to meet their energy needs. (ncsl.org)
  • Even though Washington's basic energy mix is one of the greenest in the country, the city of Seattle's Green Up program gives residents the option of supporting newer renewable energy sources through a surcharge on their electric bill. (earth911.com)
  • Economists have long attributed underinvestment in energy efficiency to market failures and are beginning also to consider other possible sources, for example, systematic behavioral biases or the presence of "hidden" costs associated with efficiency investments that make them less of a bargain than they appear to be. (rff.org)
  • This newsletter promotes sustainable agriculture, i.e., successful farming without depleting natural resources so that future generations can have productive land for food production. (aces.edu)
  • Investing in water recycling systems can ensure we're conserving energy and making our infrastructure sustainable through the 21st century. (businessinsider.com)
  • The basic challenge for sustainable agriculture is to make better use of these internal resources. (fao.org)
  • A necessary condition for sustainable agriculture is that large numbers of farming households must be motivated to use coordinated resource management. (fao.org)
  • If successful, these enterprises will not only become profitable, but will also help lead China to a more sustainable energy future. (wri.org)
  • SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN PROMOTES 'ENERGY VS. WATER' CONTROVERSY: The Scientific American 'Earth 3.0' Solutions for Sustainable Progress' special issue includes a good profile and interview with James Hansen, perhaps the world's leading climatologist. (calcars.org)
  • We strive to prevent pollution using sustainable resources, making sure to mitigate and adapt to climate change, and to protect biodiversity and ecosystems. (fujitsu.com)
  • According to the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive, "green or sustainable building is the practice of designing, constructing, operating, maintaining, and removing buildings in ways that conserve natural resources and reduce pollution" ( OFEE, 2003 ). (nih.gov)
  • this could apply not only to large-scale wind a healthy balance to spend on community renewable projects, but also to large biomass CHP, energy from energy projects designed to get the best return from waste plants, tidal farms and pumped storage schemes. (yudu.com)
  • His projects practice covers projects primarily in the energy, infrastructure and commodities sectors, with also projects relating to the construction of manufacturing and R&D facilities for all sector players. (ibc-asia.com)
  • SMi's eagerly awaited 13th Annual Energy from Waste conference will bring together international waste management operators, developers, bankers, private equity financiers, technology providers and industrial end users for two days of intensive networking, discussing developments that are needed in technology, financing and infrastructure to ensure the solutions are available to fast track the growth of the industry worldwide. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • The money comes in part from the U.S. Department of Energy , which has allocated $400 million to electric vehicle infrastructure. (cnn.com)
  • 2015. " EIA's Mapping System Highlights Energy Infrastructure across the United States . (masterresource.org)
  • Topics related to surface waves will be wave generation by wind/storms, the propagation of wave energy in deep and shallow water, wave transformation and refraction in coastal waters, wave diffraction, wave breaking and the classification of breaking waves, breakpoint bars on beaches. (bangor.ac.uk)
  • Michaelis, the London-based architect who famously decided to build his eco-home underground (and who gave David Cameron's home a green makeover), has sketched out a concept for the creation of archipelagos of artificial islands in the warm waters of the south China Sea and Indian Ocean that would supply energy, clean water and food. (treehugger.com)
  • What if we could use this energy without polluting the air and water? (wikibooks.org)
  • Solar energy is used to heat homes, to heat water, and to make electricity. (wikibooks.org)
  • Solar energy can be used to heat the water in your pool or to heat tile floors in your home. (wikibooks.org)
  • For example, when you heat a pot of water on a stove top, conduction causes energy to move from the pot to its metal handle, and the handle gets very hot. (wikibooks.org)
  • They have made use of resource-conserving technologies such as integrated pest management, soil and water conservation, nutrient recycling, multiple cropping, water harvesting, and waste recycling. (fao.org)
  • This could be for pest and predator management, nutrient management, controlling the contamination of aquifers and surface water courses, coordinated livestock management, conserving soil and water resources, and seed stock management. (fao.org)
  • Scientists are also exploring geothermal resources such as hot water located a few miles beneath the earth's surface. (nea.org)
  • Geothermal plants also differ in terms of the technology they use to convert the resource to electricity (direct steam, flash, or binary) and the type of cooling technology they use (water-cooled and air-cooled). (ucsusa.org)
  • In order to aid in the accurate assessment of water supply and the demands of both people and the environment, IIASA researchers have developed a large-scale hydrological and water resources model - the Community Water Model (CWatM). (scitechdaily.com)
  • Because the modeling framework is general, it can also be adapted to address new interdisciplinary research questions, which means that it opens the door to many potential applications to explore connections between the nexus aspects of energy, land, and water. (scitechdaily.com)
  • A typical laboratory currently uses five times as much energy and water per square foot as a typical office building . (wbdg.org)
  • Examining energy and water requirements from a holistic perspective, however, can identify significant opportunities for improving efficiencies while meeting or exceeding health and safety standards. (wbdg.org)
  • In print, the article is titled, 'Catch-22: Water versus Energy. (calcars.org)
  • As our demand for electricity continues to rise, water dependence puts the electricity sector, water resources, and other water users at growing risk. (ucsusa.org)
  • But what if buying an efficient refrigerator or installing energy-efficient lighting was just as connected to saving water? (ucsusa.org)
  • As it turns out, water and energy are intertwined. (ucsusa.org)
  • Producing energy uses water, and providing freshwater uses energy. (ucsusa.org)
  • Because of these links between energy and water, problems for one can create problems for the other. (ucsusa.org)
  • In places where using energy requires a large share of available water, or where water resources are scarce or stressed by competing pressures (such as the needs of farmers or of local ecosystems or, increasingly in many parts of the United States, by climate change), the energy-water connection can turn into a collision-with dangerous implications for both. (ucsusa.org)
  • The Green Guide for Healthcare (2006) identifies opportunities to enhance environmental performance in the following domains: site selection, water conservation, energy efficiency, recycled and renewable materials, low-emitting materials, alternative transportation, daylighting (the use of natural light in a space to reduce electric lighting and energy costs), reduced waste generation, local and organic food use, and green cleaning materials. (nih.gov)
  • Cummins also continues to set the bar higher by setting ambitious environmental sustainability goals to reduce the energy, water, and waste footprint in its products, supply chains, facilities and communities all over the world. (indystar.com)
  • This energy is directly dependent on water resources and the hydrological cycle. (mdpi.com)
  • The DEP 's work includes restoring the Everglades, improving air quality, restoring and protecting water resources, and conserving environmentally-sensitive lands. (usf.edu)
  • The energy choices we make today could make or break our ability to fight climate change. (ucsusa.org)
  • The analysis, conducted by Drs' Arnulf Grubler and Keywan Riahi from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria, and published in the inaugural issue of the journal Carbon Management (2010 1(1):79-87), compared historical and current government spending on R&D by the 28 member countries of the International Energy Agency, with a "needs"-based analysis of the technologies required to achieve long-term climate stabilization. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The drastic emission cuts required to limit climate change will only be possible if we can achieve a major a transformation of the energy system," adds IIASA co-author Arnulf Grubler. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This will require the adoption of a range of policies and measures beyond an expanded and restructured energy technology R&D portfolio to include incentives for niche market applications and the large-scale deployment of climate-friendly technologies. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The study concludes that a business-as-usual approach to energy technology R&D will make combating climate change very difficult and more costly, reducing both the likelihood of success and the political and social acceptability of a transition to climate-friendly, energy-efficient technologies. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Ongoing climate changes are likely to influence the availability/amount of this energy resource. (mdpi.com)
  • We can use this light from the sun as an energy resource called solar energy (Figure 5.6). (wikibooks.org)
  • Solar energy is a resource that has been used on a small scale for hundreds of years. (wikibooks.org)
  • Because there are many different uses for solar energy, there are also many different ways of turning the sun's energy into useful forms. (wikibooks.org)
  • Solar energy has many benefits. (wikibooks.org)
  • For this reason, we consider solar energy a renewable form of energy. (wikibooks.org)
  • Photovoltaics (technologies that transform solar energy to electricity) have experienced the largest reduction in costs, with costs per kilowatt hour decreasing by 53 % between 2010 and 2014 (Frankfurt School-UNEP Centre/BNEF, 2014). (europa.eu)
  • Some of these resources can give us "clean" energy that causes little or no pollution. (wikibooks.org)
  • This means that using less energy or using it more smartly also leads to less pollution. (nea.org)
  • Reducing pollution with the use of clean energy is also important to the health and safety of everyone, as well as to the preservation of natural resources. (nea.org)
  • It has to produce more net energy for less money than current technologies, it must be widely available in large quantities and it should produce minimal pollution. (howstuffworks.com)
  • They all use nonrenewable resources, generate pollution and/or hazardous waste, or destroy sensitive habitats. (earth911.com)
  • Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will enable today's scientists and educate future generations"--Provided by publisher. (worldcat.org)
  • Citizens Energy Group, defines sustainability with three initials EBC - Environment, Business and Community. (indystar.com)
  • With governments and the public becoming increasingly aware of dwindling global resources and becoming conscious of the importance of sustainability issues, there is a growing demand for professionals working in the built environment to be well-versed in environmental design. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • The largest amount of energy to reach Earth's surface is from solar radiation. (wikibooks.org)
  • Each year 174 petawatts (1.74 × 10 17 W) of energy from the sun enter the Earth's atmosphere. (wikibooks.org)
  • Understand that the sun is the source of most of Earth's energy. (wikibooks.org)
  • The sun is Earth's main source of energy, and light and heat are two different kinds of energy that the sun makes. (wikibooks.org)
  • In other regions enhanced geothermal systems (or hot dry rock geothermal), which involve drilling into Earth's surface to reach deeper geothermal resources, can allow broader access to geothermal energy. (ucsusa.org)
  • The pressure on energy resources has generated new interest in the earth's heat. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Learn how heat from the Earth is converted into electricity in this comprehensive overview, including a discussion of the geothermal resource, its environmental and societal impacts, and its potential for future expansion. (ucsusa.org)
  • The USGS Geothermal Resource Investigations Project is focused on advancing geothermal research through a better understanding of geothermal resources and the impacts of geothermal development. (usgs.gov)
  • U.S. map showing current Geothermal Resource Study Areas. (usgs.gov)
  • This project is focused on addressing these issues as well as producing comprehensive databases of geothermal information compiled in the course of the assessment work, expanding the scope of the 2008 assessment to lower temperatures and other unconventional geothermal resource types, and conducting further research into the nature of geothermal resources in order to develop improved methodologies for future assessments. (usgs.gov)
  • We're one of the world's leading integrated energy companies producing safe, reliable energy now and for the future. (chevron.com)
  • In September 2003, Xcel Energy announced plans to convert the Riverside plant and the High Bridge Generating Plant to natural gas. (sourcewatch.org)
  • "High Bridge Plant," Xcel Energy, accessed July 2009. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Ikeda A, Charvat H, Shigemura J, Kales SN, Tanigawa T. Longitudinal trends in disaster-related insomnia among Fukushima nuclear plant workers: the Fukushima Nuclear Energy Workers' Support Project study. (harvard.edu)
  • The University's industrial-scale facilities include an ocean systems laboratory, gas turbine plant, anaerobic digestion plant and high temperature coating test facilities, which enable us to provide a unique platform for energy research and learning. (cranfield.ac.uk)
  • The Hydro-Québec dam on the Véco River created the Robertson Reservoir for the Lac-Robertson Generating Station. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marine and hydrokinetic technologies capture energy from waves, ocean thermal gradients, and tidal, ocean and river currents. (energy.gov)
  • Marine and hydrokinetic technologies generate energy from highly predictable waves, currents, tides, and ocean thermal resources. (energy.gov)
  • In fact, renewable energy use has the potential to strengthen the nation's energy security on top of improving the environment. (nea.org)
  • Leading the world in clean energy is critical to strengthening the American economy, and WPTO is at the forefront of the nation's clean energy frontier. (energy.gov)
  • WPTO is investing heavily in this new and innovative industry, a nascent technology sector that is an example of American ingenuity at its best, producing cutting-edge technologies that can contribute to our nation's energy independence. (energy.gov)
  • Describe how the use of different renewable energy resources affects the environment. (wikibooks.org)
  • enables players to explore energy choices and the environment and gets students "energized" in some friendly competition. (epa.gov)
  • The work could provide a better understanding of this pathogen, while also offering insight into how cells transform energy from the environment into the forms required to sustain life. (bio-medicine.org)
  • As a single-cell organism, Vibrio cholerae depends on resources in its immediate environment to sustain itself. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The recent energy efficiency advances are due to a combination of more aggressive government policies, higher energy and production costs as well as an increasingly competitive environment for Chinese energy-intensive fi rms. (wri.org)
  • Clean energy education will empower students to understand how choices made at home, in school and within communities impact the environment. (nea.org)
  • As for the environment, we promote the effective use of resources and global environmental conservation activities to help create a Recycling-based Society, and we aim to be a company that improves with our customers and our employees. (fujitsu.com)
  • Reducing the energy we use in our stores, offices and distribution centers helps the environment and makes financial sense. (jcrew.com)
  • Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2005 , Energy Information Administration, accessed Jan. 2009. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In all, there has been action by groups and communities at the local level, with farmers becoming experts at managing farms as ecosystems and at collectively managing the watersheds or other resource units of which their farms form a part. (fao.org)
  • The capital cost of building new generating units is incurred by the utility and eventually passed on to the customers. (sas.com)
  • This combustion process generates energy-rich gases. (usf.edu)
  • A team of scientists from CoorsTek Membrane Sciences, the University of Oslo (Norway) and the Instituto de Tecnología Química (Spain) have successfully completed laboratory testing of a ceramic membrane that generates compressed hydrogen from natural gas and electricity in a one-step process with near-zero energy loss. (greencarcongress.com)
  • In recent years, scientists and engineers have found new ways to get more and more energy from this resource. (wikibooks.org)
  • An interactive board game developed by EPA scientists called Generate! (epa.gov)
  • Caltech scientists have demonstrated a new reaction for generating oxygen that could help humans explore the universe. (energy.gov)
  • With high-volume CoorsTek engineered ceramic manufacturing capabilities, we can make ceramic membranes cost-competitive with traditional energy conversion technology for both industrial-scale and smaller-scale hydrogen production. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Although use of hydrogen as an energy carrier for next-generation fuel cell electric vehicles is still limited, hydrogen is already an important molecule for a range of industrial processes from food processing to manufacturing of glass and semiconductors, with ammonia-based fertilizers as the single largest application for hydrogen today. (greencarcongress.com)
  • The sun makes this energy when one element, called hydrogen, changes into another element, called helium. (wikibooks.org)
  • Changing hydrogen into helium releases huge amounts of energy. (wikibooks.org)
  • Researchers at the University of California, Davis, and Stanford University are proposing a reaction mechanism for one of the key steps in assembling the hydrogen-generating bacterial catalyst hydrogenase. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Hydrogen and bromine react with the electrodes to store energy and release it via an external circuit. (amazonaws.com)
  • Wind energy , electric cars , hybrid cars , hydrogen fuel cells , biodiesel, ethanol -- the world of alternative energy can often seem strange and unpredictable. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Centrale du Lac-Robertson, Natural Resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Natural Resources Defense Council works to safeguard the earth - its people, its plants and animals, and the natural systems on which all life depends. (nrdc.org)
  • 43% of youth were interested or participated in natural resources and environmental education. (aces.edu)
  • The donations will permit young people to experience team building activities while exploring Alabama's natural resources and gain an understanding of the web of life in Alabama ecosystems. (aces.edu)
  • Since 1997, the Marine Resources Division of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources has conducted a survey of fishermen who were fishing from boats on Alabama's inshore waters. (aces.edu)
  • Natural Resources play an integral part of our daily lives. (aces.edu)
  • District fisheries biologists with the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources , Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries may be able to assist you in checking pond balance. (aces.edu)
  • These external inputs have, however, substituted for natural processes and resources, rendering them less powerful. (fao.org)
  • Figure 1 illustrates this chapter's area of discourse and its focus on the interfaces between natural resources, local stakeholders, supportive institutions, and the policy context. (fao.org)
  • While eliminateing waste of energy and natural resources, we strive to offer customers eco-friendly systems through our daily business activities. (fujitsu.com)
  • Rare in its natural state, uranium-235 is a nonrenewable resource, although small quantities go a long way. (api.org)
  • On the community scale, reducing the ecological footprint of a hospital reduces environmental hazards and protects natural resources. (nih.gov)
  • In many areas of the country, energy markets are partially or fully deregulated for electricity and/or natural gas. (hfmmagazine.com)
  • Here we have a treasure of natural resources to fulfil our needs. (pakobserver.net)
  • But a significant percentage of the energy used by its residents still comes from natural gas . (earth911.com)
  • The Future of Resource Recovery Gener. (asme.org)
  • and develops the energy resources of the future, including biofuels. (aol.com)
  • and develop future energy resources. (rigzone.com)
  • and develop future energy resources, including biofuels and geothermal energy. (rigzone.com)
  • In the future these energy islands could be linked together to become eco-tourism attractions," said Michaelis. (treehugger.com)
  • The report shows that adopting the latest industry production forecasts could boost future tax revenues by £17.4 billion above the OBR's central forecast whilst assuming prices follow a path similar to that assumed by the International Energy Agency would boost future receipts by £25.9 billion. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Laxenburg, Austria 26th October 2010 -- A new assessment of future scenarios that limit the extent of global warming cautions that unless current imbalances in R&D portfolios for the development of new, efficient, and clean energy technologies are redressed, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets are unlikely to be met, or met only at considerable costs. (bio-medicine.org)
  • In order to achieve this goal currently unbalanced energy technology R&D portfolios need to change, reflecting the respective "option value" for future GHG mitigation of different options, which are particularly large for energy efficiency (Figure 1). (bio-medicine.org)
  • A critical question for future energy planning is the extent to which geothermal resources can contribute to this increasing demand for electricity. (usgs.gov)
  • Energy Star Kids is a government Website providing lesson plans, games and activities to help teachers instruct children how to become energy efficient. (nea.org)
  • A thorough audit includes a review of how the facility is consuming energy and how the facility procures the energy it consumes, and also examines both low-cost/no-cost opportunities and capital improvement measures in an effort to become more efficient. (hfmmagazine.com)
  • Many of the most promising measures are related to energy efficiency: think lighting retrofits, improved HVAC systems and building envelopes, and energy-efficient appliances. (rff.org)
  • A good example of this is in the landlord-tenant relationship: landlords are the ones placed to make investments in energy-efficient appliances, heating and cooling, and insulation, but they don't reap the benefits of reduced electricity prices. (rff.org)
  • It will also contribute to a reduction in dependence on energy imports and support the achievement of renewable energy and greenhouse gas targets. (europa.eu)
  • Offering compelling and cost-effective energy efficiency programs to our customers, as well as maintaining a balanced electricity generation portfolio are part of IPL's commitment to our customers," said Kelly Huntington, President of IPL. (prweb.com)
  • Utility rates, service standards and energy-efficiency programs often are regulated by a state commission. (hfmmagazine.com)
  • Programs like Green Up are somewhat unusual, but energy efficiency programs are much more common. (earth911.com)
  • In a large computer centre, capture generated heat by using thermal storage. (gc.ca)
  • Topics related to marine renewable energy will include and introduction to how renewable energy is generated offshore from winds, tides and waves, how marine energy resource is evaluated and a discussion of devices used in the generation of marine energy, and their deployment. (bangor.ac.uk)
  • It also offers pattern containment to reduce the penetration of microwave energy through walls. (yudu.com)
  • On the global scale, green practices help steward scarce resources and reduce environmental degradation. (nih.gov)
  • Many ads were run promoting wind energy as a good way to reduce our "dependence on Middle Eastern oil. (masterresource.org)
  • Reduce energy costs as your business grows. (georgiapower.com)
  • The Lac-Robertson hydraulic generating station has a capacity of 21.6 MW. (wikipedia.org)
  • his father, Dominic, who is helping him with the project, believes it will be extremely difficult, but not impossible: "If we consider that we are at war to find a new form of clean energy, wartime effort in world war two produced vast numbers of planes, tanks, ships and other armaments on both warring sides. (treehugger.com)
  • Plenty of clean energy is available for us to use. (wikibooks.org)
  • Clean energy is important for many reasons. (nea.org)
  • According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, consumers today have more ability and interest in investing in clean energy. (nea.org)
  • Yet a wide range of clean energy methods are being researched and implemented across the country. (nea.org)
  • Addressing clean energy in the classroom can also introduce students to interesting innovations in the changing field of energy. (nea.org)
  • Perhaps most importantly, studying clean energy will allow students to apply creative ideas to solve environmental challenges. (nea.org)
  • Clean energy investments can help. (ucsusa.org)
  • Make your state a clean energy leader. (ucsusa.org)
  • Business opportunities e.g. in relation to conserving resources or generating clean energy. (eco-business.com)
  • To see stats on how much clean energy we're installing, view our monthly NEM Customers At A Glance report. (sce.com)
  • Interested in Solar or other Clean Energy? (sce.com)
  • We have a special billing program for you if you have or are considering solar and other clean energy generation at home: the Net Energy Metering (NEM 2.0) program. (sce.com)
  • The phrase "clean energy" is a little bit confusing. (earth911.com)
  • But even if you can't tell the difference in the final product, the source of electricity makes a big difference in whether energy is "clean" or "dirty. (earth911.com)
  • Integrating numerous energy resources within the distribution system (rooftop solar, photovoltaic, electric vehicles, demand response) require the analytics of load forecasting. (sas.com)
  • However, the United Nations Environmental Program estimates that only about 10% of the millions of tons of electronic waste generated around the world is properly recycled. (asme.org)
  • Current resource recovery technologies include reusing wastes directly in the original production processes, turning waste into other valuable products according to their characteristics or even better, upscale them, where your recycled product has more value than the original product. (asme.org)
  • Finally, the conference will also address the fundamental changes to funding associated with energy from waste and how this is impacting the market. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • 2.We will strive to control the total amount of waste generated. (fujitsu.com)
  • Minimizing the waste that we generate and dispose of is important to us. (jcrew.com)
  • Even China is willing to generate energy through waste. (pakobserver.net)
  • Waste-to-Energy Incinerator, citing "unacceptable" health risks for Claremont residents (1) (attach. (cdc.gov)
  • With resources online for recyclers to look at for scrapping tips, like web sites, blogs, and search engines, scrapping is often referred to as a hands and labor-intensive job. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sudden, unexpected changes in weather conditions, or an unplanned outage at a scheduled generating unit, requires adjustments to supply to ensure grid reliability. (sas.com)
  • This was due to the inherent nature of wind energy, and the realities of necessarily continuously balancing the grid, on a second-by-second basis, with fossil-fuel-generated electricity. (masterresource.org)
  • Some renewable energy resources, such as wind and solar, can present challenges when added in large amounts to the electric grid because their generation varies with fluctuations in their renewable 'fuel' (i.e. wind speed and sunlight availability). (energy.gov)
  • As the grid-connected facility generates electricity, participants receive a utility bill credit or direct payment based on the electricity produced by their share of the facility. (ncsl.org)
  • We'll deduct the energy you export to the grid at times when generation exceeds on-site demand from your bill, and you may even earn surplus credits for the energy your home produces. (sce.com)
  • Optimal generating portfolios generally include greater shares of wind, nuclear, and other nonfossil technologies that often cost more on a standalone engineering basis, but overall costs and risks are reduced because of the portfolio diversification effect. (repec.org)
  • Average kinetic energy of one human red blood cell . (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence is now emerging that regenerative and resource-conserving technologies and practices can bring both environmental and economic benefits for farmers, communities, and nations. (fao.org)
  • This has been mainly due to the implementation of energy efficiency policies as well as the economic downturn. (europa.eu)
  • The type and extent of environmental impacts of energy production and use are closely related to the degree of economic development and industrialization. (un.org)
  • An important effect of economic development and technological changes is their impact on energy intensities which tend to decrease with increase levels of economic activities and technological improvements. (un.org)
  • Rising energy prices are taking a chunk out of everyone's budget, and the economic effects have pushed 'green' technology into the mainstream. (howstuffworks.com)