The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Paid work for mentally or physically disabled persons, taking place in regular or normal work settings. It may be competitive employment (work that pays minimum wage) or employment with subminimal wages in individualized or group placement situations. It is intended for persons with severe disabilities who require a range of support services to maintain employment. Supported employment differs from SHELTERED WORKSHOPS in that work in the latter takes place in a controlled working environment. Federal regulations are authorized and administered by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services.
Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.
The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.
Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Education for specific trades or occupations.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Protective places of employment for disabled persons which provide training and employment on a temporary or permanent basis.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.
Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.
Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Productive or purposeful activities.
The authorized absence from work of either parent prior to and after the birth of their child. It includes also absence because of the illness of a child or at the time of the adoption of a child. It does not include leave for care of siblings, parents, or other family members: for this FAMILY LEAVE is available.
Care of CHILDREN in the home or in an institution.
Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
A change or shift in personnel due to reorganization, resignation, or discharge.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Phenomenon of workers' usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.
Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
Resumption of normal work routine following a hiatus or period of absence due to injury, disability, or other reasons.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Assessment of physiological capacities in relation to job requirements. It is usually done by measuring certain physiological (e.g., circulatory and respiratory) variables during a gradually increasing workload until specific limitations occur with respect to those variables.
Female parents, human or animal.
The total amount of work to be performed by an individual, a department, or other group of workers in a period of time.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Systematic efforts to assist individuals in selecting an occupation or suitable employment on the basis of aptitude, education, etc.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The individuals employed by the hospital.
The care and management of property.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The extraction and recovery of usable or valuable material from scrap or other discarded materials. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)
Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.
Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in an organized facility, institution, or agency.
Reducing staff to cut costs or to achieve greater efficiency.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Size and composition of the family.
Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
The authorized absence from work of a family member to attend the illness or participate in the care of a parent, a sibling, or other family member. For the care of a parent for a child or for pre- or postnatal leave of a parent, PARENTAL LEAVE is available.
Supplies used in building.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.
The art and science of designing buildings and structures. More generally, it is the design of the total built environment, including town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.
The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The selection, appointing, and scheduling of personnel.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Insurance providing for payment of a stipulated sum to a designated beneficiary upon death of the insured.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Prejudice or discrimination based on gender or behavior or attitudes that foster stereotyped social roles based on gender.
Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.
The unmarried man or woman.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
A household that includes children and is headed by one adult.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
A person's view of himself.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.
A type of asbestos that occurs in nature as the dihydrate of magnesium silicate. It exists in two forms: antigorite, a plated variety, and chrysotile, a fibrous variety. The latter makes up 95% of all asbestos products. (From Merck Index, 11th ed, p.893)
Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.
Specialized residences for persons who do not require full hospitalization, and are not well enough to function completely within the community without professional supervision, protection and support.
Living facilities for humans.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Energy released by nuclear fission or nuclear fusion.
Evaluation of manifestations of disease.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
People who frequently change their place of residence.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Nursing practice limited to an office setting.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Physical surroundings or conditions of a hospital or other health facility and influence of these factors on patients and staff.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
All deaths reported in a given population.
A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Former members of the armed services.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.
That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.
Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.

Post-traumatic epilepsy: its complications and impact on occupational rehabilitation--an epidemiological study from India. (1/2858)

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of seizure disorder, neuropsychiatric disorders and reproductive outcome of employees with post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) and their effect on occupational rehabilitation. A case-comparison group study design was used to compare 30 subjects with PTE with (1) 129 non-PTE and (2) 55 non-PTE matched control employees. The 55 non-PTE matched controls were selected from the 129 non-PTE employees on the basis of age, age at onset of seizure, age at marriage and length of employment. The PTE group had a lower fertility rate than the controls and more neuropsychiatric disorders and seizure disability. PTE employees were more occupationally rehabilitated than non-PTE employees (p = 0.033). Of the 30 PTE subjects, thirteen who were rehabilitated by placement had more seizure disability (p = 0.007) and a higher fertility rate (p = 0.018). High prevalence of seizure disability and increased fertility rate among the placed PTE employees suggested that there might be some association between severity of seizures and increased production of live offspring and work placement. Work suitability or placement should not be judged on clinical assessment only but psychosocial seizure assessment, disability evaluation and other psychometric tests which are of equal importance.  (+info)

The social and economic effects of manic depressive illness and of its treatment in lithium clinics. (2/2858)

Advising about the employment of those who have had manic depressive episodes requires Occupational Health Physicians to obtain, with consent, an objective account of previous episodes and to appreciate the enormous range of manic and depressive manifestations. Familiarity is needed with the likely effects of treatment of episodes and the benefits and problems of prophylaxis--not just in general but in individual cases, for example, where driving is required. This article summarizes research into the effects of lithium preparations on the course of the illness, thyroid and renal function and the risk of suicide. The author found that changing from treatment of episodes to continuous prophylaxis benefited employment and personal relationships without causing body weight problems. Many patients do well in life if supported by an experienced professional team, with 61% requiring no further admissions once on lithium, and with an 86% reduction in admissions achieved in our local clinic.  (+info)

Why are workers uninsured? Employer-sponsored health insurance in 1997. (3/2858)

This study examines the number of workers in firms offering employee health plans, the number of workers eligible for such plans, and participation in employer-sponsored insurance. Data from the February 1997 Contingent Worker Supplement to the Current Population Survey indicate that 10.1 million workers are employed by firms offering insurance but are not eligible. Not all of these workers are eligible for coverage, most often because of hours of work. Our results indicate that 11.4 million workers rejected coverage when it was offered. Of those, 2.5 million workers were uninsured. Workers cited high cost of insurance most often as the primary factor for refusing coverage.  (+info)

Depression during the longitudinal course of schizophrenia. (4/2858)

This prospective research investigated the occurrence and persistence of depression during the longitudinal course of schizophrenia. The research goals were to (1) compare depression in schizophrenia with that in schizoaffective and major depressive disorders, (2) assess whether some schizophrenia patients are vulnerable to depression, and (3) assess the relationship of depression to posthospital adjustment in schizophrenia. A total of 70 schizophrenia, 31 schizoaffective depressed, 17 psychotic unipolar major depressed, and 69 nonpsychotic unipolar major depressed patients were assessed during hospitalization and prospectively assessed for depression, psychosis, and posthospital functioning at 4.5- and 7.5-year followups. A large number (30% to 40%) of schizophrenia patients evidenced full depressive syndromes at each followup, including a subgroup of patients who evidenced repeated depression. Even when considering the influence of psychosis on outcome, depression in schizophrenia was associated with poor overall outcome, work impairment, lower activity, dissatisfaction, and suicidal tendencies. During the post-acute phase assessed, neither the rates nor the severity of depressive syndromes differentiated depression in schizophrenia from schizodepressive or major depressive disorders. However, the depressed schizophrenia patients showed poorer posthospital adjustment in terms of less employment, more rehospitalizations, and more psychosis than the patients with primary major depression. The high prevalence of depression in schizophrenia warrants its incorporation into theory about the disorder. A continuum of vulnerability to depression contributes to the heterogeneity of schizophrenia, with some schizophrenia patients being prone to depression even years after the acute phase. Depression in schizophrenia is one factor, in addition to psychosis, associated with poor outcome and requires specific attention to the treatment strategies by psychiatrists.  (+info)

Gender, work and illness: the influence of a research unit on an agricultural community in The Gambia. (5/2858)

Changes in employment opportunities and medical services are exploited by men and women in different ways. This paper examines gender-based variation in the selective use of employment and health opportunities in a Gambian village which has been the subject of medical and nutritional research by the Medical Research Council (MRC) for 43 years. The seasonal workloads of 105 men and women in Keneba were compared during one calendar year. Women carried a heavier burden of agricultural labour, while men had a higher rate of waged employment. The impact of the MRC field station on the local economy was assessed and evidence of associated male dependence on MRC employment found. Illness reporting patterns and the treatment choices of men and women were examined. Women made greater use of the MRC medical service, while men resorted more frequently to local remedies and healers. Female dependence on the MRC medical services is suggested by the data, and may be linked to the greater attention paid to them by researchers and medical practitioners.  (+info)

Resource utilization and work or school loss reported by patients with diabetes: experience in diabetes training programs. (6/2858)

Diabetes exerts a major economic impact on healthcare in the United States both in terms of direct and indirect costs. Diabetes management and education programs designed to assist patients in achieving more optimal glycemic control represent a potential mechanism for reducing the morbidity and costs associated with diabetes. The relationship between HbA1c and patient hospitalizations and between HbA1c and days lost from work or school related to diabetes within the past year were evaluated. A cohort of 2359 patients with diabetes (188 type I, 2171 type II) referred to a comprehensive diabetes self-management training program was included in the analyses. Overall, 350 (14.8%) patients reported hospitalization, and 212 (9.0%) reported days lost from work or school. Patients with type I diabetes reported more hospitalizations (26.1% vs 13.9% and days lost (19.2% vs 8.1%) than type II patients. For the hospitalization outcome, the multivariate analyses indicated that younger age, the number of co-morbidities, and the duration of diabetes exerted a greater influence on the reported numbers of hospitalization than glycemic control. For the days lost outcome, the multivariate analyses indicated that there was a marginally significant association between patients with poor glycemic control and reported work or school loss related to diabetes (odds ratio = 1.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-2.2). These data suggest that interventions that improve glycemic control may decrease indirect costs related to diabetes.  (+info)

The effects of clonazepam on quality of life and work productivity in panic disorder. (7/2858)

Although panic disorder has been associated with impaired quality of life (QOL) and financial dependence, no prior study has examined whether a clinical intervention will improve these outcomes. This study examines the effects of clinically titrated doses of clonazepam versus placebo on QOL and work productivity (WP) in patients with panic disorder. QOL and WP were measured in conjunction with a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Work Productivity and Impairment questionnaire were used to assess QOL and WP, respectively. Baseline assessments were obtained before randomizing patients to receive clinically titrated doses of clonazepam or placebo. Follow-up assessments were obtained after 6 weeks of therapy with the test drug or at premature termination from the study. Improvement on the SF-36 Mental Health Component Summary scale was more than twice as great with clonazepam than with placebo (P = 0.03). Clonazepam patients improved (P < 0.05) on all five measures of mental health-related QOL, and both measures of physical health-related QOL, and both measures of WP. Placebo patients improved on three of five measures of mental health-related QOL, but on no other measures. Patients with marked improvements on clinical measures of panic disorder severity, especially avoidance and fear of the main phobia, showed the greatest gains on the SF-36 Mental Health Component Summary scale. Clinically titrated doses of clonazepam significantly improved mental health-related QOL and WP in panic disorder patients. Lesser improvements were obtained with placebo.  (+info)

Health sector reform in central and eastern Europe: the professional dimension. (8/2858)

The success or failure of health sector reform in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe depends, to a large extent, on their health care staff. Commentators have focused on the structures to be put in place, such as mechanisms of financing or changes in ownership of facilities, but less attention has been paid to the role and status of the different groups working in health care services. This paper draws on a study of trends in staffing and working conditions throughout the region. It identifies several key issues including the traditionally lower status and pay of health sector workers compared to the West, the credibility crisis of trade unions, and the under-developed roles of professional associations. In order to implement health sector reforms and to address the deteriorating health status of the population, the health sector workforce has to be restructured and training programmes reoriented towards primary care. Finally, the paper identifies emerging issues such as the erosion of 'workplace welfare' and its adverse effects upon a predominantly female health care workforce.  (+info)

Downloadable! In this project, we employ data from the Chinese population censuses of 1982, 1990, and 2000 to examine reform-era changes in the patterns of male and female labor force participation and in the distribution of men???s and women???s occupational attainment. Very marked patterns of change in labor force participation emerge when we disaggregate the data by age cohort, marital status, sex, and rural/urban location. Women have decreased their labor force participation more than men, and urban women much more than rural women. Single young people in urban areas have decreased their labor force participation to stay in school to a much greater extent than single young people in rural areas. The urban elderly have decreased their rates of labor force participation while the rural elderly have increased theirs. We also find evidence of the feminization of agriculture.
If the labor force participation rate had not dropped due to the weak labor market, and instead the people who made up the cyclical decline in the labor force participation rate were in the labor force and counted as unemployed, the unemployment rate would now be significantly higher. The last two columns of the table explore the possible impact of the cyclical decline in the labor force participation rate since the start of the Great Recession on the unemployment rate. These columns provide the unemployment rate in 2011, along with what the unemployment rate would have been if the workers who made up the difference between the 2011 labor force participation rate and its long-term trend-i.e., the workers who dropped out of, or never entered, the labor force because of weak job prospects-had instead been in the labor force and counted as unemployed. For all groups except men age 55 and older, the unemployment rate in 2011 would have been higher. For prime-age men, it would have been nearly 10 ...
Downloadable! We build a general equilibrium model with endogenous saving, labor force participation, work hours and social security benefit claiming, in which overlapping generations of individuals face income, survival and health expenditure risks in incomplete markets. We use the model to study the impact of three Social Security reforms; reduction in benefits and payroll taxes, increase in the early retirement age from 62 to 64 and increase in the normal retirement age from 66 to 68. We show that a reform can have a significant effect on the budget of the Social Security through the changes in savings as well as the benefit claiming and labor force participation. When the projected aging of the population is taken into account, the case for a reform that encourages labor force participation of the elderly becomes stronger.
Labor Force Participation Rate in Portugal is expected to be 58.10 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Labor Force Participation Rate in Portugal to stand at 58.00 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Portugal Labor Force Participation Rate is projected to trend around 57.80 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models.
Study Purpose: This project examined the impact of intimate partner violence on labor force participation of current and former welfare recipients and determined whether change in welfare status affected violence levels. This study sought to identify the incidence of partner violence among recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) over a three-year period, to examine the impact of partner violence on womens labor force participation over time, and to explore the short and longer-term consequences of victimization on the womens employment and economic well-being, as well as their physical and mental health. Specifically, the goals were to: (1) assess the impact of violence on employment over time while controlling for other factors (such as ethnicity, physical and mental health, household composition, childcare, and transportation) that may also be related to violence and employment, and (2) examine whether change in womens self-sufficiency (e.g., through loss of welfare ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - How co-morbidities magnify the effect of arthritis on labour force participation and economic status: A costs of illness study in Australia. AU - Schofield, Deborah J.. AU - Callander, Emily J.. AU - Shrestha, Rupendra N.. AU - Passey, Megan E.. AU - Percival, Richard. AU - Kelly, Simon. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Few studies have assessed the impact of co-morbid conditions amongst patients with arthritis. This study will quantify the impact co-morbid health conditions have on the labour force status and economic circumstances of people with arthritis. This study uses a microsimulation model, HealthWealthMOD, to quantify the impact of co-morbidities on the labour force participation and economic circumstances of 45- to 64-year-old Australians with arthritis. The results show that the probability of being out of the labour force increases with increasing number of co-morbidities. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the amount of weekly private income ...
Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) (national estimate) in Euro area was reported at 51.08 % in 2020, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Euro area - Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) (national estimate) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on September of 2021.
Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64) (modeled ILO estimate) in Oman was reported at 32.57 % in 2020, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Oman - Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15-64) (modeled ILO estimate) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on September of 2021.
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT Temporary employment is work that is not a permanent job. Rather, temporary employment allows an individual to work for shorter terms in a variety of jobs utilizing many skills. The scope of temporary employment is wide-ranging. In many cases, temporary employment can lead to permanent positions. Temporary employment is an expanding type of work in the twenty-first century. As America joins the global marketplace in seeking qualified employees for its work force, temporary employment is playing a major part in the process. Source for information on Temporary Employment: Encyclopedia of Business and Finance, 2nd ed. dictionary.
The labor force participation rate increased from 62.7 percent to 62.9 percent in January as the number of people not in the labor force declined from 92,898,000 in December to 92,544,000 in January, and the unemployment rate ticked up
This paper illustrates the demographers perspective of labor force analysis and shows how recent methodological developments in demography, in particular in multiregional demography, can fruitfully be applied to manpower studies. First, curves of age-specific labor force participation rates are investigated and it is shown how their universal features enable one to describe the schedules by a limited number of parameters. Next, an increment-decrement table of working life is developed and compared with the conventional technique of working life table construction. Finally, an improved labor force projection model is presented.. ...
The states labor force participation rates, which describe what proportion of Marylanders over the age of 16 are either employed or looking for work, are also drastically down compared to pre-pandemic numbers, both for Maryland and across the nation. Only 65.1% of Maryland adults are participating in the labor force, a decline of 3.8% since the start of the pandemic.. Although Maryland still has a higher labor force participation rate than the country at large does, at 61.5%, the states rate declined more sharply than the U.S.s, which dipped only 1.1%. According to the report, the labor force participation rate is lower than it has been since the 1970s, when women were entering the labor force in large numbers.. Labor force participation rates for women have been particularly hard hit as many working women have chosen to stay with school-age children or grandchildren who are now attending classes online from home, the report explained. This is a trend that is likely to have long-term ...
I recap how to interpret this chart. The gap between the two lines can be interpreted to represent the strength and confidence in the economy at a point in time. The greater the distance in the gap between the two lines, the stronger the economy as more people are confident of participating in the labour market and less people are unemployed. When the lines move together in an upward trajectory, labour force participation and unemployment are both increasing, indicating that there is confidence in gaining employment but there is a short time lapse between entering the labour market and securing employment (Point A). This pattern tends to be a very short lived one as employment catches up to supply. When the lines move in different directions and the labour force participation rate is increasing and unemployment decreasing (Point B) it indicates that the supply of labour (new entrants to the labour market) can not keep up with the demand for labour. Conversely, when the labour force participation ...
paratively well educated, was not available for much of the day because he was away at work.. A Half-Century of Change: Mothers Work, Mother-Only Families, and Poverty. Childrens lives continued to change dramatically during the past 50 years with regard to where and with whom they spent their time and the economic resources available in their families. Increases in mothers labor force participation have removed many mothers from the home for much of the day, leaving children in the care of persons other than their parents. Enormous increases in one-parent fam- ilies maintained by mothers have removed fathers from the homes of many children. Sharp poverty de- clines followed by substantial poverty increases have dramatically changed the economic resources avail- able in many families to provide for the care, nurtur- ing, and development of children.. Labor force participation by mothers. Children experi- enced an explosion in labor force participation by their mothers after 1940. Only 10% of ...
This study of 438 women aged 18-65 in the Detroit metropolitan area in 1974 provides information on their participation in the labor force. Data are provided on the job histories of respondents, up to 14 previous occupations in order to assess the nature of work, length of stay on the job, and the status of public or private employment. Respondents were asked questions about the various jobs they had held, such as their feelings toward their jobs, their reasons for working, job titles held, membership in labor unions, health conditions that might have affected their work, reasons for leaving their jobs, and the geographic location of their workplace, as well as their feelings of job security and job satisfaction. Other questions probed respondents feelings about equal job opportunities for men and women, equal privileges for women and men, the removal of the glass ceiling for women in Americas corporate and political life, the implications for the marriage if a wife earned more than her ...
We examine trends in self-employment among white and black men from 1910 to 1990 using Census and CPS microdata. Self-employment rates fell over most of the century and then started to rise after 1970. For white men, we find that the decline was due to declining rates within industries, but was counterbalanced somewhat by a shift in employment towards high self-employment industries. Recently, the increase in self-employment was caused by an end to the within industry decline and the continuing shift in employment towards high self-employment industries. We find that the trends in self-employment average returns do not easily explain the decline in self-employment from 1950 to 1970, nor the increase from 1970 to 1990. We also find that changes in tax rates, social security benefits, and immigration patterns do not explain the recent upturn in self-employment. For black men, we find that the self-employment rate remained at a level of roughly one-third the white rate from 1910 to 1990. The large ...
of 62.7 percent in January 2018.. 6. While labor force participation has declined overall, the decline has been faster among blacks. For instance, declines in prime-age (25-54) labor force participation rates have been the steepest for black men, who report participation rates nearly 10percent lower than their white peers.. 7. This gap could, in part, be driven by differences in health outcomes that result in early exit from the labor force, as black workers are more likely than white non-Hispanics to cite poor health as a factor in the decision about when to retire.. 8. Blacks make up roughly 12 percent of the American workforce. The community makes up an even larger share of employment in ...
Ever since Goldin (1995) proposed the idea that there is a U-shaped female labor force participation rate function in economic development, empirical research is stunned by the question why the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are characterized by such low rates of female labor force participation. This gap in labor economics research is all the more perplexing since gender equality, particularly in education and employment, significantly contributes to economic growth. The research strategy of this paper is within a relatively new tradition in labor market research, initiated by Besamusca et al. (2015), which does not exclude the religious factor and what the authors call gender ideology. Our analysis of the gender ideology of Islamism and gender values is based on an empirical analysis of World Values Survey data. In recent economic theory, Carvalho (2013) maintained that Muslim veiling is a strategy for integration, enabling women to take up outside economic ...
Sociologists argue that social structure affects personality by its decisive influence on proximate conditions of life (Kohn, 1990). Macro-structural elements, such as principles of political organization, national economic and social policies, employment and welfare policies, have a great impact on material and social resources and choices available to individuals. These available resources and choices form the basis in which individual intelligence develops and personal judgment forms. In addition, national norms and values also shape individual normative contexts by interpersonal connection and communication. Thus, different macro structures and ideologies might result in different gender attitudes by influencing different personal experiences and values.. In the post-communist era in Eastern European countries, one prominent feature in gender norms is to allow women to return to the private sphere. This is a response to the state enforcement in the socialist era, in which women were ...
The results from this reports analysis indicate a strong link between two years of free, high-quality preschool and significantly higher rates of maternal labor force participation and employment, at least among women with young children. These findings have implications for policymakers who may be weighing the costs and benefits of investing in universal, high-quality preschool. Among these are the short-term and long-term benefits to young families, the economic impact of greater labor force participation, the potential challenges that such an expansion may present for infant and toddler child care, and the risk of spurring urban gentrification as family-friendly policies induce some higher-income families to move into or stay within the city.. The District of Columbias universal, full-day preschool program provides excellent economic benefits to the citys young families. As a two-generation policy, it offers high-quality early education for children while reducing the strain that child ...
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, as of April 2014, the labor force participation rate was 62.8%.[6] The overall labor force participation rate is expected to decline for the remainder of the decade, projected to fall to 62.5% in 2020.[7] By the year 2020, the subpopulation of older adults in the United States is expected to reach 97.8 million people, comprising 28.7% percent of the entire U.S. population, a rise from the 24.7% in 2010.[7] This increase in proportion of older adults can be attributed to the entire Baby Boomer cohort joining the older adult population (ages 55+) by 2020. It is projected that by 2020, the proportion of the U.S. labor force that is composed of older adults will be 25.2%.[2][7] This continues a trend in increasing rates of older adults remaining in the workforce, as the rates were 13.1% in 2000 and 19.5% in 2010.[7] A complementary trend that follows this is the increasing median age of the U.S. workforce. By 2020, the workforce is expected to have a ...
Explanations for these trends tend to focus either on the demand for workers or the supply of labor. Trade and technology have reduced the demand for certain types of work, particularly less-skilled labor in fields like manufacturing. Of the two, most economists believe that automation has played the larger role. Manufacturings share of GDP has remained relatively stable but, thanks in part to productivity improvements, the sector now employs only two-thirds as many people as it did 30 years ago. Technological change has widened the wage gap between skill levels. While a man with a high school degree earned about three-quarters of the wages of his college-educated counterpart in 1980, he now earns about half as much. At the same time that technology has made certain jobs obsolete, new jobs are being created in other areas (both high-wage managerial and technical jobs and low-wage service sector jobs), but these new jobs often require different skills or pay lower wages.. On the supply side of ...
We examine the roles of sample initial conditions and unobserved individual effects in consistent estimation of the dynamic binary response panel data model. Different specifications of the model are estimated using female welfare and labor force participation data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation. These include alternative random effects (RE) models, in which the conditional distributions of both the unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions are specified, and fixed effects (FE) conditional logit models that make no assumptions on either distribution. There are several findings. First, the hypothesis that the sample initial conditions are exogenous is rejected by both samples. Misspecification of the initial conditions results in drastically overstated estimates of the state dependence and understated estimates of the short- and long-run effects of children on labor force participation. The FE conditional logit estimates are similar to the estimates from the RE ...
The age-specific participation rates for both men and women are projected to increase or stabilise in all age groups to 2054-55 (Chart D.1). While total labour force participation is projected to decline as the population ages, based on recent trends, some age groups are expected to experience rising labour force participation rates.
The best economic data site with over 400,000 series. Users have the ability to make their own custom charts, XY plots, regressions, and get data in excel files, or in copy & paste format for dumping to other computer programs
In a recent study published by the International Journal of Manpower SPPs Head Martin Kahanec and recent SPP doctoral graduate Magdalena Ulceluse (now at the University of Groningen) show how the effect of employment protection legislation (EPL) on self-employment differs between natives and immigrants.. Covering 18 European countries over the period 1995-2013 and using OECD indicators on the strictness of that govern regular and temporary employment, they find a positive effect of EPL of regular employment on native self-employment and an indication of a negative effect on immigrant self-employment. In contrast, they provide evidence that the effect of EPL pertaining to temporary employment has a positive effect on immigrant self-employment, but does not affect natives. These findings could mean that stricter EPL reduces employers flexibility in adjusting to economic cycles and forces them to contract out work instead, an effect particularly affecting natives when it comes to regular ...
2) For the purpose of this paragraph the term wages includes remuneration paid to an employee for services covered by an agreement entered into under section 218 of the Act, or an agreement entered into under section 3121(l) of the Code, which would be wages under section 209 of Act if the services were considered employment under section 210(a) of the Act. (c)Minimum net earnings from self employment. (1) Self-employment income does not include your net earnings from self-employment when the amount of those earnings for the taxable year is less than $400. If you have only $300 of net earnings from self-employment for the taxable year you would not have any self-employment income. (Special rules apply if you are paid $100 or more and work for a church or church-controlled organization that has exempted its employees (see § 404.1068(f)).) (2) If you have net earnings from self-employment of $400 or more for the taxable year you may have less than $400 of creditable self-employment income. This ...
While each state may have a different definition, essays on part time employment jobs can be any position that requires you to work 35 hours a week or less. While there are many reasons why some people may prefer part-time work, like flexibility essays on part time employment scheduling, more free time for studies essays on part time employment another job, part-time work isnt always the best solution.. Part-time work offers both advantages and disadvantages to employers and employees alike. For workers, flexibility is the key advantage of essays on part time employment jobs. Because they work less than a full-time day, essays on part time employment still essays on part time employment time to attend school, recover essays on part time employment an illness, care for family essays on part time employment, volunteer at worthy causes or work at another job for extra income. Essays on part time employment working less than half essays on part time employment day have the choice to essays on part ...
Brad DeLong says that the NSA employment ratio is his favourite graph: [I]t shows, in one picture, the seasonal cycle, the business cycle, and the long-term trend in American labor force participation coming from demography and feminism. The same plot...
EEOC is responsible for enforcing the anti-discrimination laws in the federal sector. EEOC conducts thousands of hearings every year for federal employees and applicants who have filed discrimination complaints. In addition, when a federal agency issues a final decision on a complaint of discrimination, the complainant can appeal that decision to the EEOC.. The EEOC also ensures that the federal departments and agencies maintain programs of equal employment opportunity required under Title VII and the Rehabilitation Act. Moreover, under Executive Order 12067, the EEOC provides leadership and coordination to all federal departments and agencies programs enforcing statutes, executive orders, regulations, and policies which require equal employment opportunity or which have equal employment opportunity implications. ...
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission essay writing service, custom Equal Employment Opportunity Commission papers, term papers, free Equal Employment Opportunity Commission samples, research papers, help
Considering the most recent changes in the pension systems in Europe, this article aims to evaluate whether there is any relationship between the employment rates of older cohorts and the employment and unemployment rates in the youngest cohorts of a productive age. Its key finding is that there is no evidence that would indicate that the lower professional activity of older people is accompanied by higher employment and lower unemployment among young people. On the contrary, the study reveals that the higher the labour force participation among the elderly, the better the situation for young cohorts in the labour market. As demonstrated by the results of our empirical research, factors such as unfavourable demographics and the inefficiency of government policy aiming at stimulating the development of the labour market influence the prospects of young people entering this market. Chybalski, Filip; Marcinkiewicz, Edyta
The nation needs to rethink its outlook and policies on working and retirement, said Ronald Lee, professor of demography and economics at the University of California, Berkeley, and committee co-chair. Although 65 has conventionally been considered a normal retirement age, it is an increasingly obsolete threshold for defining old age and for setting benefits for the elderly. The committee found that there is substantial potential for increased labor force participation at older ages, which would boost national output, slow the draw-down on retirement savings, and allow workers to save longer. The report adds that longer working lives would have little effect on employment opportunities for younger workers, productivity, or innovation ...
For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 8, 2015 USDL-15-2327 Technical information: (202) 691-5700 [email protected] www.bls.gov/emp Media contact: (202) 691-5902 [email protected] EMPLOYMENT PROJECTIONS -- 2014-24 Healthcare occupations and industries are expected to have the fastest employment growth and to add the most jobs between 2014 and 2024, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. With the increase in the proportion of the population in older age groups, more people in the labor force will be entering prime retirement age. As a result, the labor force participation rate is projected to decrease and labor force growth to slow. This slowdown of labor force growth is expected, in turn, to lead to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 2.2 percent annually over the decade. This economic growth is projected to generate 9.8 million new jobs--a 6.5-percent increase between 2014 and 2024. The projections are predicated on assumptions including a 5.2 percent unemployment rate ...
It might not be obvious why the president of a Federal Reserve Bank would be interested in workforce development - what does it have to do with interest rates and inflation? But workforce development is intimately related to part of the Feds legislative mandate, which is promoting maximum employment. That has proven to be a difficult task in the wake of 2007-09 recession, as Im sure you are all too aware.. The long-term unemployment rate remains at a historical high, and the labor force participation rate is at its lowest rate in decades. So in addition to the large number of unemployed, there are also many people who have dropped out of the labor force altogether. That has led me and other policymakers to ponder a difficult question: Given the limitations of monetary policy, what can be done to improve labor market outcomes in the long run?. At the Richmond Fed, our research suggests that much of what were currently seeing in the labor market reflects structural trends rather than a ...
Over the longer term, the Employment Population Ratio has been fairly flat as the unemployment rate kept dropping. So where is the inconsistency? One measure that explains this disconnect is called the Labor Force Participation Rate. It measures the total US labor force, combining both the employed as well as the unemployed, as a proportion of the total working age population. This measure is showing that the total labor force has been shrinking relative to the corresponding age group. And that explains a good deal of the reduction in the unemployment rate as the number of people officially employed has been measured against an increasingly smaller labor force (with many unemployed simply exiting ...
The unemployment rate in South Korea declined in August, going against the consensus expectation for an increase amidst the countrys struggles with the pandemic. The unemployment rate slipped to 2.8% from 3.3% in July. This is partly attributed to a decline in the labour force participation rate, a sign that there is a decline in the economically active population. Nonetheless, there was also a slight increase in the number of employed persons, as a strong trade performance fuelled hiring. The employment situation is likely to improve with upcoming emergency handouts and an easing of virus curbs. Labor Force for South Korea from Statistics Korea for the Summary of Economically Active Population Survey [Monthly] release. This page provides forecast and historical data, charts, statistics, news and updates for South Korea Labor Force.
Low female labor force participation in India has an adverse impact on the socioeconomic advancement of women and overall economic growth. There is reason to believe that, especially in case of rural women, lack of skills training may have a role to play. Government and NGO programs have tried to bridge this gap via provision of targeted skills training. The first-order policy question of interest is, does vocational or entrepreneurial training generate meaningful changes in womens skill sets, employment outcomes, and income? Randomized controlled trials over the past decade have produced evidence on this question, and results have varied considerably by context. One reason why training programs may generate small treatment effects is related to selection into program participation. For example, many programs promote enrollment by providing monetary incentives to participants. This strategy might be inefficient because:. ...
This report provides a portrait of the situation of women in the world of work today and their progress over the past 20 years. It examines the global and regional labour market trends and gaps, including in labour force participation rates, unemployment rates, employment status as well as sectoral and occupational segregation.
As womens labor force participation has risen around the globe, scholarly and policy discourse on the ramifications of this employment growth has intensified. This book explores the links between maternal employment and child health using an international perspective that is grounded in economic theory and rigorous empirical methods ...
The report is the first on a nationally representative sample of young people who were ages 14 to 21 on December 31, 1978. It is a descriptive presentation of the status of youth in the spring of 1979--their position and problems in the labor market; their reactions to school and the factors influencing their schooling decisions; their training, both the government sponsored and other vocational training which they receive; their health status; and their attitudes, both towards their present situations and the future. Eleven additional chapters define topics on labor force participation and employment status of the youth for the week in which they were interviewed in 1979; examine the employment conditions for those youth who were employed at the time of the survey; present the work experience of the youth for the preceding year, 1978, and analyze the determinants of weeks worked and unemployed during the year; discuss job search motives and techniques of youth and their willingness to accept ...
Founded in 1920, the NBER is a private, non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to conducting economic research and to disseminating research findings among academics, public policy makers, and business professionals.
The labor force participation rate remained stuck at 64.2%, hence the increase in the unemployment rate to 9% from 8.8% is interesting. Usually youd expect in recovery for more people to flood back into the job market seeking work, which is why the unemployment rate rising would not necessarily be a bad thing. However that was not the case in April. A more typical 66-67% labor force participation rate would add a few % to the unemployment rate ...
An employment contract should always be executed in writing, although even a verbal agreement is legally binding. A 15-year-old may sign, terminate and cancel his/her employment contract himself/herself. For a young person under the age of 15, the employment contract may be signed by his/her guardian or by himself/herself with the guardians consent.. If the employment contract is not executed in writing and the employment relationship lasts for more than one month, the employer must at his own initiative give the employee a written explanation of the principal terms and conditions of employment, no later than the end of the first pay period. This explanation must contain the details specified in the Employment Contracts Act: wages, working hours, job duties, duration of the employment relationship and the applicable collective agreement.. The employer must also issue a written explanation as referred to above in an employment relationship lasting less than one month if the young worker or ...
What is an employment contract? What is employment contract law? What is an employment contract form? What is an employment agreement contract? To find the answers to these questions and more on employment contract laws ask the Experts on JustAnswer.
Wolter Hassink and Bas van Leeuwen got interesting data from Indonesia. The dataset contains information about army pensioners, including their height, place of birth, ethnicity, religion, education and occupation. What the authors want to emphasize here is that social networks matter in the analysis and they use the surnames to determine which network, and thus social class, people belong to. How well one does both in childhood and on the labor market is determined by networks, they hypothesize. And indeed their empirical analysis shows that while height and labor market outcomes are linked, childhood circumstances and labor market outcomes are not. The story is thus not as simple as previously thought ...
FILED 2012 Jul-09 PM 01:23 U.S. DISTRICT COURT N.D. OF ALABAMA IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ALABAMA EASTERN DIVISION EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION, Plaintiff, v. COLEYS #101, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, d/b/a DADS BBQ, Defendant. ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No.: 1:11-CV-3465-VEH ) ) ) ) ) ) MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER I. Introduction This sexual harassment lawsuit premised upon a hostile work environment was initiated by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (the EEOC) against Defendant Coleys #101, Limited Liability Company d/b/a Dads BBQ (Dads BBQ) on September 26, 2011. (Doc. 1). The action seeks to correct unlawful employment practices on the basis of sex, female and to provide appropriate relief to Aretha Johnson and a class of employees of Defendant who were adversely affected by such practices. (Doc. 1 at 1). More specifically, the EEOC contends that this group of women were subjected to sexual harassment as employees of Dads BBQ. ...
The report shows that while working-age adults in Appalachia are nearly as likely to have completed high school as Americans in general, they are significantly less likely to have completed at least four years of college. Just over 25 percent of Appalachias working-age population had a four-year degree or more in 2013-2017-seven percentage points lower than the U.S. average of 32 percent. And the rate was less than 20 percent in both Central Appalachia and the Regions most rural counties.. Nearly three-fourths (73 percent) of Appalachias prime working-age adults were in the labor force in 2013-2017, which is almost five percentage points lower than in the United States as a whole. But this share was much lower in 53 counties (38 of which were in Central Appalachia) where less than 60 percent of adults ages 25 to 64 were in the labor force.. Not surprisingly, those counties with lower labor force participation rates also had lower levels of educational attainment, Jacobsen says.. Although ...
The report shows that while working-age adults in Appalachia are nearly as likely to have completed high school as Americans in general, they are significantly less likely to have completed at least four years of college. Just over 25 percent of Appalachias working-age population had a four-year degree or more in 2013-2017-seven percentage points lower than the U.S. average of 32 percent. And the rate was less than 20 percent in both Central Appalachia and the Regions most rural counties.. Nearly three-fourths (73 percent) of Appalachias prime working-age adults were in the labor force in 2013-2017, which is almost five percentage points lower than in the United States as a whole. But this share was much lower in 53 counties (38 of which were in Central Appalachia) where less than 60 percent of adults ages 25 to 64 were in the labor force.. Not surprisingly, those counties with lower labor force participation rates also had lower levels of educational attainment, Jacobsen says.. Although ...
Books by INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE, SAFETY AND HEALTH IN FORESTRY WORK, INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION 1945-1957, HOURS OF LABOUR IN INDUSTRY - ITALY, POPULATION AND LABOUR - A POPULAR ACCOUNT OF THE IMPLICATIONS OF RAPID POPULATION GROWTH FOR THE TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT AND WELFARE OF WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS AND GUIDING PRINCIPLES, 1944-1973, LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES, SERVICES FOR SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRY, PNEUMOCONIOSIS - A LIST OF REFERENCES
The Perceptions of Good Jobs study has been conducted in order to better understand and explain how jobs are perceived in a number of selected countries. The report is primarily targeted to provide inputs towards the WDR 2013 and is part of a series of studies conducted on perceptions of good jobs in four countries: Colombia, China, Egypt and Sierra Leone. The main emphasis has been to explore the nature of jobs that affect living standards and enhance social cohesion. The report addresses the following research questions: What are the most important factors affecting labor force participation? What are the relations between jobs and household wealth? Can perceptions and stereotyping of jobs be regarded as constraints for job creation? What are the linkages between job benefits and job stability? What are the determinants of job satisfaction? Jobs can be evaluated using a human empowerment perspective by focusing on three features of a job: cognitive, creative and autonomous activities. What is
This paper discusses Jordans Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, Request for Waivers of Applicability of Performance Criteria (PC), and Rephasing of Access. PC Program performance remains broadly on course. All end-March 2015 PCs are expected to be met. Structural performance saw improvement, including the pre-approval of a credit bureau and the establishment of a new public investment framework. There is an urgent need for broad-based policy actions in the labor market to put the unemployed into jobs, increase female labor force participation, and reform public-sector compensation and hiring practices. The IMF staff supports the completion of the sixth review and the related purchase.
The following is a slightly edited talk given during the Workers World Party webinar What Road to Socialism? on May 16.We are at a great crossroads in the history of humanity. With the pandemic and the social and economic crises caused by it, this is the most significant moment in recent history. The challenges we face are only a precursor to the great existential threat of the climate crisis.This is the beginning of the end of capitalism and the U.S. empire. The great contradictions are sharpening. Our society has within it the potential for life and death. Ultimately the question of which class rules will define the future of humanity. The question facing us now is: Socialism or genocide? Socialism or mass death of thousands of species? And politically, Socialism or Fascism?We all are living the data. April saw the fastest rise in unemployment ever since the U.S. Department of Labor began collecting statistics: 38 million people filed for unemployment.The labor force participation rate - ...
This study is one of the most important in the world, said David Lam, director of the U-M Institute for Social Research, which oversees the study. It brings together scientists from a broad range of disciplines, and is a prime example of Michigans strength in interdisciplinary research and ISRs commitment to collaboration.. The longitudinal study surveys a representative sample of about 20,000 people in America over the age of 50 every two years. Using survey data, researchers then are able explore changes in labor force participation and health transitions people undergo toward the end of their work lives, and in the years that follow.. And with an additional $40 million in funding from the National Institute on Aging, researchers over the next three years plan to extend the scope and value of the study by increasing its sample population, collecting blood samples to study how aging impacts the immune system and focusing more attention on dementia.. The power of the HRS comes from ...
When the jobs left, so did the young people, many of them to Florida. Today, Puerto Rico has a 40 percent labor force participation rate, the lowest of any state or territory. This is not a sustainable number, and things are getting worse. To deal with this crisis, Congress passed legislation called PROMESA, which put austerity measures in place while creating the Puerto Rico Oversight Board to help authorities manage and restructure the debt.. Fine, but now more is required. This is a job for the U.S. military. The Army Corps of Engineers can rebuild the electric grid; theres enough work rebuilding roads and houses and buildings and bridges and businesses for the Army, Navy, Marines, even the Coast Guard. And only President Trump can make that happen.. He would benefit, and so would we. As crucial as this help would be to Puerto Rico, even bigger issues are at stake. Simply put, the United States is not united. Phrases such as white supremacy and Nazis have been taken out of mothballs. ...
Southeast Michigans growing Latino population boasts the states highest labor force participation rate, a measurement of the number of people employed or actively looking for work. But the community struggles in other areas that measure well-being and quality of life, finds a report released by the Julian Samora Research Institute at MSU.
Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children ...
Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children ...
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Chen, Lu; Zhao, Na; Fan, Hongli; & Coyte, Peter C. (Forthcoming). Informal Care and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Chinese Married Women. Research on Aging.
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Objective. To establish whether the employment consequences of musculoskeletal disorder vary by gender and socio-economic group in Sweden. Methods. Two linked registers, containing diagnostic and socio-economic data for the 1.8 million residents of Stockholm County, were used to investigate the subsequent employment consequences over 5 yr of having a musculoskeletal disorder requiring hospital admission in 1996. Age-standardized employment rates of all patients with musculoskeletal disorder (n=2185) were compared with patients employed prior to hospital admission (n=1286) and with the general population of Stockholm. Odds of leaving employment between 1996-2001 were calculated for men, women and patients from different socio-economic groups. Results. Employment rates increased and social differentials narrowed in the general population, while employment declined and social differentials widened among patients with musculoskeletal disorders. These trends were masked when analyses were restricted ...
GENERAL VERSUS VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS AND LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES IN TURKEY Aysit Tansel Working Paper 9905 I would like to thank the president of the State Institute of Statistics of Turkey, Ömer Gebizlio
Welcome to Evansville State Hospitals job page. You can search for current employment opportunities at our hospital by clicking here.. Evansville State Hospital hiring event on July 14, 2021. Evansville State Hospital is hosting a hiring event on July 14, 2021, on the hospital campus at 3400 Lincoln Avenue, Evansville, Ind. 47714, from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. CDT. ESH is hiring the full-time positions listed below and interested candidates should apply online prior to the event by clicking here. Open full-time positions:. ...
Doctors Getting Rich With Fusion Surgery Debunked by Studies. This investigative report documented that the number of spinal fusions in U.S. hospitals rose to 413,000 a year between 2002 and 2008 and that the cost of these procedures was now at least $150 billion a year.. For some spine surgeons preferential financial support from hospitals and medical device manufactures appears to have allowed this unique group of individuals a continued opportunity of convincing their patients into having ill-advised surgical procedures not in their best interest. This opportunity of being able to achieve a financial bonanza has been described by some social observers a irresistible temptation.. The city of Minneapolis appears to have achieved the dubious distinction of being the primary site for the most multi-level instrumented spinal fusions in the U.S. How this came to be has reflected the pioneering work of Orthopedic Scoliosis/ Deformity surgeons John Moe, Robert Winter, and David Bradford in ...
The College encourages employees to use this internal Discrimination Complaint Process when an employee believes that he or she has been subjected to discrimination in violation of the Colleges Affirmative Action Policy Statement. Employee concerns or complaints should be directed to the Equal Employment Opportunity Officer, Ronald Clymer. His office is located at Kinney Hall, Room 702A, and the telephone number is (203) 575-8110. Employee concerns or complaints may also be to the Director of Human Resources and Labor Relations, Kimberly Carolina. Her office is located at Kinney Hall, Room 704b, and the telephone number is (203) 575-8056. Student concerns or complaints should be directed to the Dean of Student Services or to such other College official as the President may have designated. The Dean of Student Services is Sarah Gager. Her office is located at Kinney Hall, Room 509A, and the telephone number is (203) 575-8086. Nothing shall prevent students from speaking to a College counselor ...
San Antonio-based Dependable Health Services, Inc. (DHS), which provides contract workers to U.S. military facilities, has agreed to pay $40,000 as part of a settlement of a disability discrimination lawsuit filed by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the agency announced today.
Search for Invasive Cardiology Jobs & Employment Opportunities at HealthJobs.com - Explore 1000s of Invasive Cardiology Jobs in the USA by Specialty.
The mission of the Western Kentucky University (WKU) office of Equal Employment Opportunity/Affirmative Action/University ADA Services (EEO) is to promote, sustain, and advance an environment that supports principles of equity, diversity, inclusion, and community. Diversity, equity, accessibility, and tolerance encompass the core values of the EEO. We incorporate these values through a proactive stance in assisting the University with the interpretation, understanding, and application of federal and state laws and regulations that impose special obligations in the areas of equal opportunity and affirmative action. Our mission is supported by our commitment to continuously develop, implement, evaluate, and revise (as necessary) action-oriented programs aimed at promoting and valuing diversity in the Universitys faculty, staff, and student body. Western Kentucky University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, ethnic origin, national origin, creed, religion, political belief, sex, ...
NJDOT, New Jersey Department of Transportaion, Employment Opportunities - Re-entry Work Program, Current Openings, Application Process
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania Policy on Non-Discrimination and Equal Employment Opportunity The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania declares that it is the policy of the
Employment Opportunities. Applications and/or resumes are accepted for current positions. Job descriptions are available in the Human Resources Department.
This Friday marks the two-year anniversary of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. One provision of health reform for which we see immediate and positive effects is the stipulation allowing young adults up to age 26 to stay on or join their parents employer-sponsored health insurance (ESI) policies.. The figure below compares changes in employment rates and health insurance rates for various age groups. Young adults did not fare well in the job market from 2009-10; their employment rate fell further than any other age group. Given the close relationship between labor market outcomes and employer-sponsored insurance, we would expect declines in coverage for all groups. Instead, ESI actually increased among young adults. It rose particularly dramatically among those who received health care coverage through a family members policy, most likely that of a parents.. ...
In recent years, employability has become an increasingly central concept in higher education, in no small part since it constitutes an important aspect of the Bologna Process. The project Teachers employability is a project carried out on behalf of the Faculty of Teacher Education at Umeå University - one of the major providers of teacher education in Sweden - and is a part of a broader university effort to evaluate and increase employability. The aim of the project is to examine the situation of the universitys student teachers after graduation, as well as to find out how the former students and their employers view their education.. The study is based on the longitudinal individual database ASTRID, questionnaires and interviews. This paper reports findings from the project, focusing on 1) employment situation, income development and mobility patterns of recent alumni (class of 2000) and 2) primary employers (school leaders) view of the quality and usefulness of the present teacher ...
The objectives of the Student Employment Office are to provide learning opportunities for students, standardized practices and procedures for Student Employment and a centralized information system for student employment opportunities. It also seeks to enhance the awareness of student employment and to increase the number, variety, and quality of both on-campus and off-campus employment opportunities ...
Ontario employment in May showed stronger gains than Canada. Employment in Ontario increased by 21,600 jobs compared to 14,000 jobs across the country. Ontario gains in construction acted as the main driver. The construction industry added 24,600 jobs last month.. The fall in the unemployment rate was mixed news. The drop to 6.6 per cent from 7 per cent is in part due to strength in employment and to a fall in participation rates for youth and core aged workers.. While both these labour market indicators are moving in the right direction, they still have some way to go as month-to-month numbers continue to fluctuate and gains are not far ahead of the standard error.. The month of May also recorded increases in full-time employment of 40,100 jobs, adding almost double the lost jobs from last month. Part-time employment recorded 46,800 jobs lost.. The youth unemployment rate fell from 14.8 per cent to 13.6 per cent as the labour markets eased up for that group.. The goods-producing sector ...
147-3.a Examinations / Examination History. 147-3.aa Benefits Administration / Employee Wage Reports, 4th Quarter. 147-3.ab Benefits Administration / COBRA Plan Sponsor Lists. 147-3.ac Benefits Administration / COBRA Notification Letter. 147-3.ad Benefits Administration / COBRA Benefit Files. 147-3.ae Classification / Agendas of Civil Service Commission / Administrative Board. 147-3.af Classification / Job Specifications. 147-3.ag Classification / Audit History. 147-3.ah Classification / Classification History. 147-3.ai Classification / Specification Books. 147-3.aj Classification / Position Action Database. 147-3.ak Classification / Notice of Pay Changes. 147-3.al Classification / Questionnaire Folders. 147-3.am Classification / Pay Evaluation Folders. 147-3.an Equal Employment Opportunity/ Affirmative / EEO Data Sheets. 147-3.ao Equal Employment Opportunity/ Affirmative / EE0 - 4 Reports. 147-3.ap Equal Employment Opportunity/ Affirmative / Mayors EEO Reports. 147-3.aq Equal Employment ...
1967 Age Discrimination in Employment Act[edit]. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967 prohibited employment ... "U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.. *^ "The Equal Pay Act Turns 40". U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ... It also specified that travel to and from the workplace was a normal incident of employment and should not be considered paid ... 85 percent of the minimum wage during the first sixty days of employment of a newly hired employee with no previous employment. ...
Employment[edit]. Around 7.5 million people of Ivory Coast made up the work force in 2009. The work force took a hit, ... Self-employment policy, established by the Ivorian government, allowed for very strong growth in the field with an increase of ...
Employment[edit]. 1985-1989: After his bachelor's degree, Black moved to the Bay Area and worked as a software engineer at GTE ...
Public safety employment tests[edit]. Vocations within the public safety field (i.e., fire service, law enforcement, ... corrections, emergency medical services) often require Industrial and Organizational Psychology tests for initial employment ...
"Disability Employment Resources by Topic". U.S. Department of Labor - Office of Disability Employment Policy. Retrieved ... and retaining employment. Employment rates for workers with disabilities are lower than for the general workforce. Workers in ... Employment[edit]. William P. Milton, Jr., Deputy Director, Office of Human Resources Management explained the "Four Easy Steps ... Accessibility of employment covers a wide range of issues, from skills training, to occupational therapy,[31] finding ...
Education and employment[edit]. Holliday held a B.A. in Natural Sciences and a PhD in Genetics from Cambridge University. He ...
York Region, Employment and Industry Report 2013, 34-36. *^ York Region, Employment and Industry Report 2013, p. 34; compare ... Industries of employment, from the 2011 National Household Survey Industry People employed ... Employment[edit]. In 2013, Whitchurch-Stouffville had an estimated 11,249 jobs (excluding home- and farm-based businesses), ... The majority of employed Whitchurch-Stouffville residents commute to Toronto and its environs for employment; in 2011 the ...
Employment[edit]. Various Jewish Chinese individuals worked in government service and owned big properties in China in the 17th ...
Employment Act of 1946 and the Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment Act of 1978 in the United States, and full employment * ... The Fair Employment and Housing Act[421] of 1980 gave the division its own Department of Fair Employment and Housing, with the ... See also: US employment discrimination law, European labour law, and UK employment discrimination law ... or the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967.[399] In University of Pennsylvania v Equal Employment Opportunity ...
Services to help people with disabilities obtain employment, other than supported employment ... the Department of Education and the Department of Employment were created out of the former Department of Education, Employment ... The Australian Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) was a department of the Government of ... CA 9185: The Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, National Archives of Australia, retrieved 9 December ...
Business and employment cooperative[edit]. Main article: Business and employment co-operative ... Business and employment cooperatives (BECs) are a subset of worker cooperatives that represent a new approach to providing ... 2006) Co-ops: The Changing Face of Employment in the Green Mountains, Z Magazine. ... BECs thus provide budding business people with an easy transition from inactivity to self-employment, but in a collective ...
Employment[edit]. "Picturesque camp made by a lone geologist on the cinders of Inferno". This photo was taken during a U.S. ...
Employment[edit]. 2005 view of the site, with the Calder Hall cooling towers still standing. The Irish Sea is in the background ...
Employment[edit]. While the Inland Empire led the state in job-growth with 275,000 new jobs between 1990 and 2000, most are in ... Although the region saw an uptick in jobs over the past decade, it is not a heavy employment center, and many residents commute ...
The 1994 Employment Non-Discrimination Act does not protect transgender individuals from employment discrimination.[6] ... Inequality in employment and socioeconomic status[edit]. Some transgender people face disadvantages in the workplace, although ... The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA), a bill that would make discriminating against LGBT people in the workplace ... This was the first time in history where a transgender employment non-discrimination bill passed in the Senate. Also note that ...
employment of ex-offenders in the US." (2003). *^ Bellair, P. E.; Kowalski, B. R. (4 May 2011). "Low-Skill Employment ... Employment and recidivism[edit]. Most research regarding recidivism indicates that those ex-inmates that obtain employment ... low-wage employment. In addition to lack of education, many inmates report a difficulty in finding employment prior to ... employers and agencies that assist with employment believe that ex-inmates cannot obtain or maintain employment.[21] ...
Employment[edit]. See also: Software engineering demographics. Most software engineers work as employees or contractors. ...
Employment discrimination. Transgender individuals experience employment discrimination at considerably higher rates than gays ... v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.[118] Nicole Maines, a trans girl, took a case to Maine's Supreme Court in June 2013 ... In the United States, transgender people are protected from employment discrimination by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of ... "Civil Rights Act of 1964 - CRA - Title VII - Equal Employment Opportunities - 42 US Code Chapter 21". finduslaw. Archived from ...
Education and employment[edit]. Biological illustrations can be found in use in history and anatomy textbooks, nature guides, ... Employment opportunities in the biological illustration profession are fairly limited, full-time jobs are not often available, ... but a degree will significantly enhance an illustrator's employment opportunities. Job applications can be submitted to ...
Employment and education[edit]. At 2005, the borough of Warrington had 63.6% employment, with only 2.9% of all economically ... Once the new homes and employment areas are built it is hoped that it will take the population of Warrington to around 350,000. ... Heavy industry declined in the 1970s and 1980s but the growth of the new town led to a great increase in employment in light ... by looking to build up to 24,000 new homes and around 381 hectors of employment land over the next 20 years. Included in the ...
Work incentives and employment. There is also a belief among critics that if people have free and unconditional money, they ... Ailsa McKay, "Why a citizens' basic income? A question of gender equality or gender bias", Work Employment & Society, June 2007 ... James Meade states that a return to full employment can only be achieved if, among other things, workers offer their services ... It has not yet caused declining levels of employment but it has displaced workers who spend their lives building up skills just ...
Employment-based pensions[edit]. A retirement plan is an arrangement to provide people with an income during retirement when ... Pension plans are therefore a form of "deferred compensation". A SSAS is a type of employment-based Pension in the UK. The 401( ... Often retirement plans require both the employer and employee to contribute money to a fund during their employment in order to ... assets or employment record. Examples of universal pensions include New Zealand Superannuation[5] and the Basic Retirement ...
In employment[edit]. Studies suggest that obese individuals are less likely to be hired and once hired, have greater ... At the local level, only one state in the US (Michigan) has policy in place for prohibiting weight-related employment ... Although a less studied topic than employment and healthcare, several studies reviewed by Puhl and colleagues (2009) provide ... including legal and employment issues later in their life.[5] Overweight individuals also find themselves facing issues caused ...
Employment Outcome-Drive Rankings[edit]. Several ranking systems are explicitly designed to focus on employment outcomes at or ... 4.1 Employment Outcome-Drive Rankings *4.1.1 National Law Journal's Go-To Law School Rankings ... It provides an alternative comparison of its own employment-based rankings to the U.S. News rankings.[24] For students who are ... News ranking by manipulating postgraduation employment statistics or applicant selectivity have led U.S. News to adjust its ...
Employment[edit]. When the Magic Kingdom opened in 1971, the site employed about 5,500 "cast members".[47] Today, Walt Disney ...
Office of House Employment Counsel (OHEC)[edit]. This office provides advice about employment practices and acts as legal ...
Interference with employment[edit]. Women affected by domestic violence try to find housing separate from their abusers yet are ... Paid employment for women also offers its own challenges because most low wage jobs don't offer affordable insurance options or ...
Employment[edit]. 28% of the adult population (ages 18-64) is employed. The labor workforce participation rate is 25%. The ...
Pre-employment examinations[edit]. Pre-employment examinations are screening tests which judge the suitability of a worker for ... A small amount of low-quality evidence in medical research supports the idea that pre-employment physical examinations can ... hire based on the results of their physical examination.[4] This is also called pre-employment medical clearance. Many ...
ASEM Labour & Employment Ministers' Conferences (ASEM LEMC)[edit]. *ASEM LEMC5: 03-04 December 2015, Sofia, Bulgaria ... labor and employment, transport, or environmental issues, attended by the relevant ministers: ASEM Foreign Ministers' Meetings ...
Employment maps show employment levels for the occupation in each state or area. Wage maps show mean wages for the occupation ... The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over 800 occupations. ... Mail address: Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, Suite 2135, 2 Massachusetts ... Employment trends by typical entry-level education requirement From May 2007 to May 2010, the U.S. economy lost nearly 7.4 ...
Substitute Teacher - Performs regular teachers class plan while the teacher is absent. To Apply: send us a copy of current valid KSDE License (see ksde.org to apply for teacher emergency substitute license). Classified or Substitute Job Openings: ...
To apply for employment, please visit the Forms and Applications page or stop by the Central Office to pick up an application. ... Employment We are very proud to have a dedicated and student-focused staff who teach students based on their strengths. Our ...
... youth and local employment, jobs, unemployment and labour markets. ... Data and research on employment including public employment and management, ... ‌Explore our data on employment issues. Our employment database provides up-to-date statistics for making comparisons between ... Recommendation of the OECD Council on Ageing and Employment Policies. *Recommendation of the OECD Council on Integrated Mental ...
OECD Home About the OECDPublishingPolicy briefsBy TopicEmployment Employment. ... OECD countries are seeing a trend away from traditional employment towards part-time and temporary work and self-employment. ... Sweden Policy Brief: Employment- Boosting Skills from the Bottom Up. The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to ... 13.5% of those aged 15-29 are not in employment, education or training (NEET) in Belgium. This is a structural phenomenon with ...
Quarterly Tables from Employment and Earnings--Household Data. Seasonally Adjusted Data. Employment Status. * E-1. Employment ... Employment Situation. Supplemental Table of Contents Household Data. Establishment Data. Monthly Tables from Employment and ... Employment of women by industry sector, seasonally adjusted * B-5b. Employment of women by industry sector, not seasonally ... Employment changes and tests of significance, seasonally adjusted (in thousands) (XLSX) * TABLE 3B. Over-the-month employment ...
Employment contract[edit]. Main article: Employment contract. Australia[edit]. Australian employment has been governed by the ... Growth, employment and poverty[33] Number of episodes. Rising agricultural employment. Rising. industrial employment. Rising ... Self-employment[edit]. When an individual entirely owns the business for which they labor, this is known as self-employment. ... Models of the employment relationship[edit]. Scholars conceptualize the employment relationship in various ways.[41] A key ...
... Attorneys , Support Staff. Positions in the U.S. Attorneys Office include Assistant United States Attorneys, ... Employment for all positions is contingent on proof of U.S. citizenship and the satisfactory completion of a background ... This program offers temporary employment opportunities to students who are enrolled at least part-time in an accredited college ...
Unreported employment can have harmful effects on government, employers, and employees. Unreported employment directly affects ... Unreported employment, also known as money under the table, working under the table, off the books, cash-in-hand, or illicit ... Self-employment in cottage industries is often unreported at first. A home cook for example, may sell a few pies to friends and ... That encourages unreported employment of short-term laborers. A large amount of work for only a day or two is unreported. ...
We at Platos Closet® are committed to a policy of equal treatment and opportunity in every aspect of our employment relations ...
ALASKA EXCURSIONS provides equal employment opportunities (EEO) to all employees and applicants for employment without regards ... A conviction record will not necessarily disqualify an applicant from employment. The following factors will be taken into ... This policy applies to all terms and conditions of employment. The company will make reasonable accommodations, including ...
What Is Equal Employment Opportunity? Equal employment opportunity is fair treatment in employment, promotion, training, and ... The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) and section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act added nondiscriminatory employment ... EEO programs include affirmative action for employment as well as discrimination complaint processes and remedies. ... former employees and applicants for employment of the National Archives and Records Administration, regardless of grade level ...
... The National Gallery of Art is a federal government institution and is required to conform to federal ... The official federal government Web site for employment vacancies is www.usajobs.gov. ... The Gallery also offers employment opportunities in accounting, administration, facilities management, fundraising, information ...
Youth Employment Programme (YEP). YouthPOL. YouthSTATS. Publications. Gender and Youth Employment in the Commonwealth of ... Peer Review of Youth Employment Policies in the Republic of Armenia. Synthesis Report. Peer Review of Youth Employment Policies ... The high share of young workers in informal employment points to poor quality of youth employment in these countries, where ... Report (ILC, 101st session, 2012) - the youth employment crisis Resolution (ILC, 101st session, 2012) - the youth employment ...
Employment Relationship. The employment relationship is the legal link between employers and employees. It exists when a person ... Regulating the employment relationship in Europe: A guide to Recommendation No. 198 [pdf 974KB] The Employment Relationship: An ... the employment relationship clearly exists but it is not clear who the employer is, what rights the worker has and who is ... the employment relationship is disguised;. *the relationship is objectively ambiguous, giving rise to doubt as to whether or ...
... Lawyers. Attorneys at Other Department of Justice Offices. Attorneys who are interested in working in ... U.S. Attorneys » Northern District of Alabama » About » Employment And Job Openings ...
For general information about employment opportunities, please contact: Muin Khan Rashid. Senior Manager. 500 Fairchild. MC ...
Community Based Emergency Employment - Tropical Cyclone Winston recovery 01 August 2016 Enabling rural farmers and families to ... ILOs Employment Intensive Investment Programs in Timor-Leste promoting gender equality and womens empowerment 11 March 2019 ... What are the major trends shaping the world of work and how will this affect employment and jobs? 28 November 2018 ... This session presents the World Employment and Social Outlook 2018 report (WESO) , with a specific focus on the methodological ...
The online extension of Billboard magazine, www.billboard.com/biz is the essential online destination for the music business.. Learn more ...
... Think youd make a great member of our team? Take a look at opportunities available at the Department ... Choose the job for which you wish to apply, and click the apply" button to access the login page for the online employment ...
Federal law allows potential and current employers to view a modified version of your credit report for employment purposes ... To protect your financial security and meet Equal Employment Opportunity laws, Experian employment credit reports omit your ... This employment credit report includes much of the information about your loans and credit cards that is listed in your credit ... An employment credit report typically is used in addition to application information, references or skills testing to help ...
Latest Employment figures News. AP-NORC poll: 62% disapprove of how Trumps handling his job. Aug. 22, 2019 2:56 PM EDT ...
The Anne and Henry Zarrow School of Social Work is hiring 2 instructors and 2 faculty field liaisons for the online MSW program. Come join our exciting team preparing future social workers to serve communities around the country!. Read more here. ...
Employment At-Will. Please understand that this letter does not constitute a contract of employment for any specific period of ... Your Employment Start Date will be July 17, 2012. Base Salary. Your starting annual base salary will be $83,333.33 per month ($ ... Eligibility to Work in the United States. In order for Yahoo! to comply with United States law, we ask that on your Employment ... employment is terminated by the Company without Cause, due to disability (as defined under the Company s applicable long term ...
... www.kff.org/employment-opportunities/ class=see-more light-beige no-float inline-readmore,More,/a,,/p, ... and to provide equal employment opportunities to all qualified applicants and employees in every phase of employment without ... Equal Employment Opportunities. It is the policy of KFF to actively promote a diverse and inclusive workplace in every respect ... Employment Opportunities. KFF is a non-profit organization focusing on health issues facing the nation and its people. Based in ...
A look at how cannabis and employment laws interact in the states. Including employee anti-discrimination policies for medical ... Reducing Employment Barriers. Some states are working to reduce employment barriers for individuals with previous low-level ... Cannabis and Employment: Medical and Recreational Policies in the States Most states that have legalized medical or ... Nevada also passed AB 132 in 2019, which now allows for employment protections for recreational users as well, becoming the ...
... This Officer Employment Agreement ( Agreement ) is entered into as of February 24, 2012 (the ... 7. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT. (a) Termination by the Company Without Substantial Cause. Employee s employment under this ... d) The arbitration shall be administered by JAMS pursuant to its Employment Arbitration Rules and Procedures. The arbitration ... d) The arbitration shall be administered by JAMS pursuant to its Employment Arbitration Rules and Procedures. The arbitration ...
Employment Status. *E-1. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race. (formerly table D ... Employment Status. *E-11. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race. (formerly table ... 2012 Employment & Earnings Online. Household Survey Data. Quarterly Household Data. On this Page:. *Seasonally adjusted data * ... Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and sex. Quarter I , Quarter II , Quarter III , Quarter ...
Employment reports provide details on the number of people actively seeking employment, and are usually expressed as the ...
  • To view a list of current vacancy announcements, go to the CDC Employment Opportunities page and search jobs by category, group, or location. (cdc.gov)
  • This program offers temporary employment opportunities to students who are enrolled at least part-time in an accredited college or university, graduate or professional or technical school. (justice.gov)
  • Fitness and Recreation offers a variety of on campus employment opportunities for students while they are pursuing their academic goals. (ou.edu)
  • The Sarkeys Fitness Center has the following student employment opportunities: Cashiers, Facility Attendants, Maintenance, Rock Wall, Personal Trainer, and Group Fitness Instructor. (ou.edu)
  • The Intramural Department has the following student employment opportunities: Football Officials, Basketball Officials, Soccer Officials, Softball Officials, and Student Supervisors. (ou.edu)
  • The Aquatics Department has the following student employment opportunities: Lifeguards, Water Safety Instructors, and Cashiers. (ou.edu)
  • This web site was designed to give students across the nation direct information to the different student employment opportunities offered. (weather.gov)
  • The Florida Department of Education offers a variety of employment opportunities. (fldoe.org)
  • Student summer employment opportunities are announced January through March of each year. (cdc.gov)
  • Detailed instructions on how to apply for student summer employment opportunities are provided during the announcement period. (cdc.gov)
  • You must demonstrate that other employment opportunities on campus are not available. (bc.edu)
  • The Employment Coordination Program increases carreer opportunities for Hoosier Guardsmen, Veterans, Reservists and their families by developing positive relationships with employers from our State looking to employ Hoosier Veterans and Service Members. (in.gov)
  • The National Guard's Employment Coordination Program is a breakthrough agency developed to assist Veterans and Service Members in the State of Indiana with the successful transition to civilian career opportunities. (in.gov)
  • Employment Generation Schemes directs attention to challenges and opportunities of enacting direct job creation policies in developing countries and BRICS, including: China, Ghana, Argentina, and India. (springer.com)
  • If you want to contribute to UNHCR's important work protecting refugees and other displaced people, and you meet the requirements, there are many available employment opportunities in Northern Europe and around the globe. (unhcr.org)
  • For information about Atlanta Regional Office employment opportunities in your area, please select the appropriate state link on the left navigation menu. (census.gov)
  • Thank you for visiting the U.S. House of Representatives Employment Opportunities Web site. (house.gov)
  • This session presents the World Employment and Social Outlook 2018 report (WESO) , with a specific focus on the methodological toolkit used to undertake such economic scenario modelling exercises related to a just transition towards greener economies. (ilo.org)
  • EST) Friday, January 4, 2019 Technical information: Household data: (202) 691-6378 * [email protected] * www.bls.gov/cps Establishment data: (202) 691-6555 * [email protected] * www.bls.gov/ces Media contact: (202) 691-5902 * [email protected] THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- DECEMBER 2018 Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 312,000 in December, and the unemployment rate rose to 3.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (bls.gov)
  • Payroll employment rose by 2.6 million in 2018, compared with a gain of 2.2 million in 2017. (bls.gov)
  • To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies. (oecd.org)
  • Employers must balance interests such as decreasing wage constraints with a maximization of labor productivity in order to achieve a profitable and productive employment relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unreported employment can have harmful effects on government, employers, and employees. (wikipedia.org)
  • The employment relationship is the legal link between employers and employees. (ilo.org)
  • Federal law allows potential and current employers to view a modified version of your credit report for employment purposes such as hiring and promoting. (experian.com)
  • An employment credit report typically is used in addition to application information, references or skills testing to help employers make the best, most objective hiring decision. (experian.com)
  • DOL also provides clear and easy-to-access information for workers, employers, job seekers, and retirees on how to follow federal employment laws. (uscis.gov)
  • The following table includes states that have some kind of statutory language requiring employers to not refuse employment or otherwise discriminate against a qualifying medical cannabis patient (or medical cannabis "cardholder" in some states). (ncsl.org)
  • This would ensure that employers would not have access to information about cannabis convictions of prospective employees, thus removing a barrier to employment the opportunity to become a contributing member of society. (ncsl.org)
  • WISE Employment is a not-for-profit organisation with a professional, integrated approach to finding the right job for job seekers and the right staff for employers. (idealist.org)
  • In practice, most classifications of employment status in official statistics expand this simple two-fold distinction into a fuller typology which identifies large employers, small employers, the self-employed without any employees, unpaid family workers contributing labour to a family farm or business, partners in a legally defined partnership, apprentices and supervisors, as well as ordinary employees. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Employment lawyers who act for employers in discrimination and equal pay claims often have to grapple with the difficult issue of the extent to which their clients can take action such as disciplinary proceedings in relation to claimant employees without incurring liability for victimisation. (law.com)
  • Construction and extraction occupations had employment of nearly 5.6 million in May 2016, representing 4 percent of total employment. (bls.gov)
  • By May 2016, employment exceeded May 2007 levels for occupations that typically require no formal educational credential for entry and occupations that typically require postsecondary education. (bls.gov)
  • According to the Word Development Report 2016 on Digital Dividends , the share of middle-skilled employment is down in most developing countries for which detailed data are available. (worldbank.org)
  • Nevada also passed AB 132 in 2019 , which now allows for employment protections for recreational users as well, becoming the first state in the nation with such a provision on the books. (ncsl.org)
  • An individual in one of these exchange visitor categories is allowed only the specific employment noted on the current DS-2019 issued by the sponsoring program. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Employment is a relationship between two parties , usually based on contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation , for profit , not-for-profit organization , co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee . (wikipedia.org)
  • It is through the employment relationship, however defined, that reciprocal rights and obligations are created between the employee and the employer. (ilo.org)
  • EMPLOYEE agrees to use EMPLOYEE s best efforts in the performance of employment duties assigned to EMPLOYEE from time to time and to, at all times, act in good faith and in the best interests of SYNTEL. (sec.gov)
  • In the event EMPLOYEE becomes a party to any proceeding brought by any former employer of EMPLOYEE at any time during or after EMPLOYEE s employment with SYNTEL, EMPLOYEE recognizes and agrees that EMPLOYEE shall have full and sole responsibility for responding to such action and that SYNTEL has no responsibility to participate in EMPLOYEE s response nor in EMPLOYEE s cost of such response. (sec.gov)
  • If you're a California employee, you benefit from some of the most protective employment laws in the nation. (nolo.com)
  • employment status The legal status and classification of someone in employment as either an employee or working on their own account (self-employed). (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Bird v Sylvester, the Court of Appeal clarified the circumstances in which lawyers who play a role in alleged acts of victimisation by their clients could face liability for aiding a discriminatory act.Victimisation in employment occurs where an employer treats an employee less favourably than an actual or hypothetical comparator, by reason that the employee took steps in connection with discrimination legislation (such as made a claim). (law.com)
  • Employees or applicants cannot be excluded from employment because of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • All employees, including supervisors, managers, former employees and applicants for employment of the National Archives and Records Administration, regardless of grade level or position. (ustream.tv)
  • The Marine Biological Laboratory is committed to providing equal employment opportunity to all employees and applicants for employment. (mbl.edu)
  • To be considered for employment as an OYA Group Life Coordinator, applicants are required to successfully complete a pre-employment physical abilities test. (oregon.gov)
  • The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over 800 occupations. (bls.gov)
  • Upcoming changes to the occupational and industry aggregations in the Occupational Employment Statistics estimates can be found at www.bls.gov/oes/changes_2017.htm . (bls.gov)
  • For help filling out the Occupational Employment Statistics Report and IDCF number requests , please contact your state office . (bls.gov)
  • For occupational data, please visit The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) web pages. (maine.gov)
  • This policy rests on the philosophy that there will be no discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or sexual orientation in any aspect of a person's employment or eligibility for employment. (cdc.gov)
  • Further, this policy will be carried out through a plan of action designed to foster equal employment opportunity and to identify and eliminate any vestige of discrimination that may still exist. (cdc.gov)
  • Discrimination occurs in the presence of an employment policy or rule that requires a person to either violate a fundamental precept of his or her religion or lose an employment opportunity. (cdc.gov)
  • Discrimination occurs in the federal sector, when an individual 40 years of age or older is treated unfavorably, or is adversely impacted by terms and conditions of employment, and there is no job-related justification. (cdc.gov)
  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) and section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act added nondiscriminatory employment coverage based on age and physical or mental disability, respectively. (ustream.tv)
  • EEO programs include affirmative action for employment as well as discrimination complaint processes and remedies. (ustream.tv)
  • Under Employment Standards, you can find detailed information on federal laws that protect job seekers against illegal discrimination. (uscis.gov)
  • The initiative included an employment anti-discrimination provision for recreational users as well. (ncsl.org)
  • Provides Agency representational legal services in cases filed by employees claiming unlawful discrimination or personnel actions, among other things, on all phases of administrative employment litigation, including Alternative Dispute Resolution ( ADR ) before the EEOC and MSPB. (faa.gov)
  • Equal employment opportunity (e.g., potential exposure to allegations of discrimination, requests for reasonable accommodation, etc. (faa.gov)
  • Worthy speculation: Will Joe Biden prompt LGBT employment non-discrimination? (glaad.org)
  • The White House issued a statement by President Obama, moments after the Employment Non-Discrimination passed the US Senate on a strong bipartisan basis. (glaad.org)
  • All signs point to a Senate vote on the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) this afternoon. (glaad.org)
  • The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) is advancing through the Senate and onto the House. (glaad.org)
  • Today, the United Senate passed the Employment Non-Discrimination Act. (glaad.org)
  • It was announced that the Employment Non-Discrimination Act has the sixty votes needed to safely pass the Senate. (glaad.org)
  • President Barack Obama wrote a passionate commentary expressing his full support of The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) and the need for congress to pass the bill. (glaad.org)
  • Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, asks for your eligibility category. (uscis.gov)
  • The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces equal employment opportunity laws and regulations. (uscis.gov)
  • Here we look at the obligations and regulations surrounding the contract of employment, the laws surrounding equality and nondiscrimination, and the protection for unions and collective bargaining. (oreilly.com)
  • They can field and lead project teams comprising experienced lawyers and project management staff to help complete these business transformations in a timely and cost-efficient manner while also advising upon appropriate compliance with local labor and employment law regulations. (ey.com)
  • Unauthorized employment is considered a major violation by USCIS and can result in deportation, so it is important to make sure that you are following all employment regulations for your status. (lsu.edu)
  • If you are not a citizen or a lawful permanent resident, you may need to prove that you can work in the United States by presenting an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) You may apply for an EAD if you are eligible. (uscis.gov)
  • Students may engage in OPT for any employer for the duration of OPT authorization, as long as the employment qualifies under OPT standards. (shsu.edu)
  • The student may apply for a letter of employment authorization from the Office of Visa and Immigration Services before beginning the employment. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The public employment services have difficulties in reaching out to young people, as illustrated by the fact that the registered unemployment figures tend to underestimate the overall youth unemployment rate, be it for lack of information, on the part of the unemployed, about the services delivered by the employment centres, or for their lack of trust in the assistance that can be provided by these centres. (ilo.org)
  • Prior to the April employment report, expectations called for about a 175,000 increase in jobs and a 5.2 percent unemployment rate. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Since then, the full-employment unemployment rate may have crept up a little. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Therefore, a 4.5 percent unemployment rate is probably not an unreasonable estimate of full employment today. (washingtontimes.com)
  • In addition, our project teams can seek support from the EY network of experienced local employment lawyers to validate information or get more detailed advice where it is needed. (ey.com)
  • But what about the risk that by playing a part in such actions, employment lawyers could themselves face victimisation claims? (law.com)
  • Employment is typically governed by employment laws , organisation or legal contracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • To protect your financial security and meet Equal Employment Opportunity laws, Experian employment credit reports omit your account numbers, year of birth and references to your spouse. (experian.com)
  • QCEW is a federal-state cooperative program that collects employment and wage information for workers covered by State unemployment insurance (UI) laws and for Federal workers covered by the Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) program. (maine.gov)
  • Meet the minimum age required by federal, state, or local laws and standards governing the employment of minors. (cdc.gov)
  • This publication will give the U.S. business student an overview of the key laws governing the area of employment in Europe. (oreilly.com)
  • While federal employment laws set the minimum requirements that your employer must follow, California gives you many additional rights and benefits under state law. (nolo.com)
  • Workforce issues are a significant challenge in these multinational transformations as each country has different labor and employment laws. (ey.com)
  • Now more than ever, companies need to understand labor and employment laws to manage cost and risk, proactively identify potential hurdles, and facilitate efficient, timely and agile application of global or regional projects. (ey.com)
  • EY has ready access to detailed and continually updated information on a country-by-country basis about labor and employment laws and appropriate HR practices. (ey.com)
  • OECD countries are seeing a trend away from traditional employment towards part-time and temporary work and self-employment. (oecd.org)
  • Unreported employment , also known as money under the table , working under the table , off the books , cash-in-hand , or illicit work is illegal employment that is not reported to the government . (wikipedia.org)
  • In accordance with Departmental policy, all supervisors will have a performance element in their work plans covering equal employment opportunity. (cdc.gov)
  • The high share of young workers in informal employment points to poor quality of youth employment in these countries, where many young workers do not enjoy basic rights at work, do not have an employment contract and are not covered by social protection measures.Young workers are, to a larger extent than other groups, engaged in low-quality, precarious and hazardous forms of work. (ilo.org)
  • the establishment of an appropriate mechanism - or the use of an existing one - for monitoring developments in the labour market and the organization of work so as to be able to formulate advice on the adoption and implementation of measures concerning the employment relationship. (ilo.org)
  • What are the major trends shaping the world of work and how will this affect employment and jobs? (ilo.org)
  • In the employment setting, educating your employer about your diabetes can be a particularly useful way to meet your diabetes care needs at work. (diabetes.org)
  • The World Bank's Gender group and Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) team are working together in advancing the measurement of women's work and employment under the umbrella of the Women's Work and Employment Partnership (WWEP). (worldbank.org)
  • Launched in December 2014, the WWEP promotes inter-agency collaboration to operationalize the new international definitions of work and employment, which were adopted by the 19th International Conference of Labor Statisticians (19th ICLS) as the resolution concerning statistics of work, employment and labor underutilization . (worldbank.org)
  • Must have an offer of employment from an employer offering work that qualifies as curricular practical training. (shsu.edu)
  • No offer of employment is required, but the student is expected to work or be actively seeking employment after the OPT EAD is issued. (shsu.edu)
  • The Student Summer Employment program provides internship training and work experience for students during summer months. (cdc.gov)
  • On-campus work for Boston College, or off-campus employment which has a contract-based educational affiliation with the University, or work for commercial firms on campus which provide services to students (such as the Bookstore). (bc.edu)
  • Do you work for Employment Resources Inc? (idealist.org)
  • Temporary employment is work that is not a permanent job. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Rather, temporary employment allows an individual to work for shorter terms in a variety of jobs utilizing many skills. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Temporary employment is an expanding type of work in the twenty-first century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As America joins the global marketplace in seeking qualified employees for its work force, temporary employment is playing a major part in the process. (encyclopedia.com)
  • With a continuing trend of more family members needing to work, temporary employment provides additional income. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The labor force is employment plus the unemployed actively looking for work. (washingtontimes.com)
  • J-1 student interns are allowed to work on campus at Dartmouth College if this employment is a defined part of the Training Plan. (dartmouth.edu)
  • On-Campus Employment is included as part of your status, but if you will be working for an On-Campus Vendor (not paid by LSU Payroll), you will need a special Vendor Work Permit (paper form only). (lsu.edu)
  • The following companies were classed as Employment Zones providers: Reed in Partnership PLC Pertemps Employment Alliance Ltd Working Links (Employment) Ltd The Wise Group Pelcombe Training Ltd Ingeus (formerly Work Directions UK Ltd) TNG Workzone Variant magazine published an article discussing Employment Zones. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the Kaiser Chiefs album, see Employment (album) . (wikipedia.org)
  • In some types of employment, employees may receive benefits in addition to payment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ability to hire employees according to personal traits not related to suitability for employment (e.g. gender, sexuality, ethnic/religious affiliations etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • The existence of an employment relationship is the condition that determines the application of the labour and social security law provisions addressed to employees. (ilo.org)
  • Traditionally, the biggest users of credit reports for employment purposes are companies in the defense, chemical, pharmaceutical and financial services industries because of the sensitive positions many of their employees hold. (experian.com)
  • Temporary employment gives companies the opportunity to test patterns of employment trends and gives employees the opportunity to explore various careers. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For the area of employment conditions, our primary partners are our employees and their representatives . (basf.com)
  • Establishment Survey Data Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 312,000 in December. (bls.gov)
  • Nonfarm payroll employment is the most popular and well-known indicator from this survey. (cmegroup.com)
  • Due to sizeable swings in payroll employment during 2010 for hiring and then layoffs of temporary workers for the decentennial Census, analysts started giving essentially equal attention to private nonfarm payrolls as to overall payrolls. (cmegroup.com)
  • In contrast, the economy had no statistically significant employment change in occupations that typically require postsecondary education for entry. (bls.gov)
  • However, employment in occupations that typically require a high school diploma or the equivalent for entry remained nearly 1.3 million lower than in May 2007. (bls.gov)
  • From 2014 to 2024, occupations that typically require a high school diploma for entry are projected to grow more slowly than average, causing a further employment shift away from these occupations and toward occupations that typically require postsecondary education. (bls.gov)
  • or is regarded as having such impairment) is denied employment or the opportunity for employment because of his/her disability. (cdc.gov)
  • We at Plato's Closet® are committed to a policy of equal treatment and opportunity in every aspect of our employment relations without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, genetic information or other legally protected class status. (google.com)
  • Choose the job for which you wish to apply, and click the 'apply" button to access the login page for the online employment application. (tn.us)
  • It replaces the Student Career Experience Program (SCEP) and Student Temporary Employment Program (STEP). (weather.gov)
  • The scope of temporary employment is wide-ranging. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In many cases, temporary employment can lead to permanent positions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Since the middle of the twentieth century, temporary employment has expanded greatly and become a viable and effective tool for American businesses. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the twenty-first century, temporary employment plays a major role in expanding jobs in the global marketplace. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There are several major reasons for increased temporary employment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When a company is placed in this position, temporary employment often becomes a realistic option. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The global marketplace of the early twenty-first century necessitates the use of temporary employment on a worldwide scale. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Formerly, many nations did not acknowledge temporary employment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Temporary employment is growing for several reasons. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Reasons for considering temporary employment are as individual as the individuals who seek temporary employment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 22% of Mexican youth were not in employment, education or training (NEET) in 2015, the fifth highest rate in the OECD. (oecd.org)
  • Employment reports provide details on the number of people actively seeking employment, and are usually expressed as the percentage of the workforce not currently employed. (oanda.com)
  • To apply for employment, please visit the Forms and Applications page or stop by the Central Office to pick up an application. (google.com)
  • For more information about employment with the State of Michigan, please visit the Michigan Civil Service Commission Employment page . (michigan.gov)
  • Please continue to monitor this page for employment opportunity updates. (lsu.edu)
  • In this video, ILO Director of Employment Policy Department Sangheon Lee discusses major global trends facing countries today and how this will affect the future of employment and jobs. (ilo.org)
  • USAJOBS.gov is the federal government's official website for federal jobs and employment information. (uscis.gov)
  • These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. (bls.gov)
  • The published employment and wage levels only reflect an entire establishment, which may consist of multiple occupations and jobs. (maine.gov)
  • As full employment looms, can the UK create any more jobs? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The April jump in jobs took the labor market a giant step closer to full employment. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The employment data give the most comprehensive report on how many people are looking for jobs, how many have them, what they're getting paid and how many hours they are working. (cmegroup.com)
  • Among these individuals, imprisonment increases participation in programs directed at improving employability and reducing recidivism, and ultimately, raises employment and earnings while discouraging further criminal behavior. (nber.org)
  • Explore a preview version of European Employment Law right now. (oreilly.com)
  • Wisconsin is considering AB 220 which would legalize recreational cannabis and includes employment protections for the lawful use of cannabis. (ncsl.org)
  • New Jersey is considering several bills related to medical cannabis in general and most contain some employment protections for patients. (ncsl.org)
  • Joe Biden has told Huffington Post reporter, Jennifer Bendery, that he sees "no downside" to an executive order on LGBT employment protections. (glaad.org)
  • It also promotes good practices at the national and international levels concerning the determination and use of employment relationships. (ilo.org)
  • The crisis of youth employment was a main subject discussed by the International Labour Conference (ILC) in June 2012. (ilo.org)
  • Representatives of governments, employer organizations and trade unions of 185 countries called for urgent and immediate action to reverse the youth employment crisis and the threat of losing a generation of young people. (ilo.org)
  • The 2012 ILC Resolution "The youth employment crisis: A Call for Action" contains guiding principles and a comprehensive set of conclusions describing policy measures that can guide constituents in shaping national strategies and action on youth employment. (ilo.org)
  • The specific objectives, goals, and action plans for achieving this policy will be contained in an Affirmative Employment Program which will be reviewed, evaluated and revised as indicated in the Program. (cdc.gov)
  • Data is derived from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program. (maine.gov)
  • Note: The Office of International Students and Scholars can only authorize employment for students on Boston College's J-1 Exchange Visitor program. (bc.edu)
  • Employment directly related to a student's major field of study and is an integral or critical part of his or her academic program. (bc.edu)
  • Remember, it is very important to find out if employment would be authorized or not before you make a mistake that could jeopardize your academic program and status here in the United States. (lsu.edu)
  • Employment for all positions is contingent on proof of U.S. citizenship and the satisfactory completion of a background investigation. (justice.gov)
  • Limited to a total of 20 hours per week while school is in session (including any assistantships, stipends for leadership positions and any authorized off-campus employment). (bc.edu)
  • This employment occurs on campus, and is paid by Dartmouth. (dartmouth.edu)
  • In addition, youth unemployment and inactivity can lead to social exclusion, as the inability to find employment creates a sense of idleness and frustration. (ilo.org)
  • Can I find data on employment and wages for a specific occupation or job? (maine.gov)
  • Finally, Veterans and their family members can find employment resources for Veterans. (va.gov)
  • Advising on complex labor and employment law projects across geographies, EY teams support you throughout the entire evolution of your business, helping you to manage the people-related legal aspects of restructuring, mergers, takeovers and all types of business transformation. (ey.com)
  • Discover our Law guide on Labor and employment law challenges in business transformation. (ey.com)
  • Why are there sometimes sudden shifts in levels of employment or wages? (maine.gov)
  • Some states are working to reduce employment barriers for individuals with previous low-level cannabis convictions. (ncsl.org)
  • Employment Resources, Inc. (ERI), established in 1983, is an entrepreneurial, non-profit entity dedicated to assisting individuals reach their employment goals. (idealist.org)
  • While the impending change holds great promise, the patterns of consumption, production and employment created by it also pose major challenges requiring proactive adaptation by corporations, governments and individuals. (worldbank.org)
  • For previously employed individuals, while there is no effect on recidivism, there is a lasting negative effect on employment. (nber.org)
  • Provides training to FAA managers and Human Resource and Civil Rights personnel on federal sector employment law and processes. (faa.gov)
  • If you are sponsored by another organization, you must address any questions regarding your employment to your sponsor. (bc.edu)
  • Interactive charts allow users to customize charts to present employment and wage data for any state, metropolitan or non-metropolitan area, industry, or any occupation. (bls.gov)
  • Data includes wage, employment, address and coding information for individual establishments. (maine.gov)
  • In a first-of-its-kind report, researchers at the National Employment Law Project pore over employment data from every federal increase since the minimum wage was first established, making 'simple before-and-after comparisons of job-growth trends 12 months after each minimum-wage increase. (freerepublic.com)
  • Unreported employment directly affects the government's ability to fund resources ( government spending ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Each release includes monthly employment levels as well as quarterly establishment counts and quarterly wage information. (maine.gov)
  • Many major shifts in employment or wage levels are the result of various economic activities. (maine.gov)
  • The employment statistics also provide insight on wage trends, and wage inflation is high on the list of opponents of easy monetary policy. (cmegroup.com)
  • Facilitating female employment is particularly important given Japan's shrinking and ageing population, which has already contributed to labour shortages. (oecd.org)
  • It has been, and continues to be, the main vehicle through which workers gain access to the rights and benefits associated with employment in the areas of labour law and social security. (ilo.org)
  • To address these issues, a general discussion took place on the scope of the employment relationship in 2003 and in 2006 the International Labour Conference adopted the Recommendation (No. 198) concerning the Employment Relationship . (ilo.org)
  • The following sections take a closer look at employment patterns in the tourist accommodation sector, compared with the entire horeca sector and the labour market as a whole. (europa.eu)
  • In addition, inquiries for employment purposes do not affect creditworthiness or credit risk scores because they are not shown to lenders. (experian.com)
  • All student employment on campus at SHSU is coordinated through the Career Services, Jobs4Kats . (shsu.edu)
  • One is student employment and the other is academic training. (dartmouth.edu)
  • See below for student employment. (unh.edu)
  • The official federal government Web site for employment vacancies is www.usajobs.gov . (nga.gov)
  • In preparation for these discussions at the ILC, the Office undertook a number of national studies that demonstrate that many workers suffer from a lack of protection arising from disguised or ambiguous employment relationships, relationships that fall outside the scope of legislation, are under-regulated, or are ignored by enforcement bodies. (ilo.org)
  • In December, employment in food services and drinking places increased by 41,000. (bls.gov)
  • You can email us at [email protected] or set up an appointment with the Employment Coordinator by calling the International Services (IS) front desk at (225) 578-3191. (lsu.edu)
  • For more information about Federal employment information for veterans, go to OPM's Feds Hire Vets ( https://www.fedshirevets.gov/job/ ) website. (weather.gov)