Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
Blocking of a blood vessel by fat deposits in the circulation. It is often seen after fractures of large bones or after administration of CORTICOSTEROIDS.
Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.
Blockage of an artery due to passage of a clot (THROMBUS) from a systemic vein to a systemic artery without its passing through the lung which acts as a filter to remove blood clots from entering the arterial circulation. Paradoxical embolism occurs when there is a defect that allows a clot to cross directly from the right to the left side of the heart as in the cases of ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECTS or open FORAMEN OVALE. Once in the arterial circulation, a clot can travel to the brain, block an artery, and cause a STROKE.
Blocking of a blood vessel in the SKULL by an EMBOLUS which can be a blood clot (THROMBUS) or other undissolved material in the blood stream. Most emboli are of cardiac origin and are associated with HEART DISEASES. Other non-cardiac sources of emboli are usually associated with VASCULAR DISEASES.
Embolism or thrombosis involving blood vessels which supply intracranial structures. Emboli may originate from extracranial or intracranial sources. Thrombosis may occur in arterial or venous structures.
Blocking of maternal circulation by AMNIOTIC FLUID that is forced into uterine VEINS by strong UTERINE CONTRACTION near the end of pregnancy. It is characterized by the sudden onset of severe respiratory distress and HYPOTENSION that can lead to maternal DEATH.
Blocking of a blood vessel by CHOLESTEROL-rich atheromatous deposits, generally occurring in the flow from a large artery to small arterial branches. It is also called arterial-arterial embolization or atheroembolism which may be spontaneous or iatrogenic. Patients with spontaneous atheroembolism often have painful, cyanotic digits of acute onset.
The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material which has been transported from a distant vessel by the bloodstream. Removal of a clot at its original site is called THROMBECTOMY.
The ratio of alveolar ventilation to simultaneous alveolar capillary blood flow in any part of the lung. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Agents that prevent clotting.
Mechanical devices inserted in the inferior vena cava that prevent the migration of blood clots from deep venous thrombosis of the leg.
Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot (THROMBUS).
Obstruction of a blood vessel (embolism) by a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the blood stream.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.
A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.
A condition in which the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the right ventricular wall.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
Obstruction of a vein or VEINS (embolism) by a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the blood stream.
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
A collective term for pathological conditions which are caused by the formation of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in a blood vessel, or by blocking of a blood vessel with an EMBOLUS, undissolved materials in the blood stream.
A highly acidic mucopolysaccharide formed of equal parts of sulfated D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid with sulfaminic bridges. The molecular weight ranges from six to twenty thousand. Heparin occurs in and is obtained from liver, lung, mast cells, etc., of vertebrates. Its function is unknown, but it is used to prevent blood clotting in vivo and vitro, in the form of many different salts.
Fibrinolysin or agents that convert plasminogen to FIBRINOLYSIN.
Use of infusions of FIBRINOLYTIC AGENTS to destroy or dissolve thrombi in blood vessels or bypass grafts.
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used for the diagnosis of diseases in many tissues, particularly in cardiovascular and cerebral circulation.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material from a blood vessel at the point of its formation. Removal of a clot arising from a distant site is called EMBOLECTOMY.
The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.
Heparin fractions with a molecular weight usually between 4000 and 6000 kD. These low-molecular-weight fractions are effective antithrombotic agents. Their administration reduces the risk of hemorrhage, they have a longer half-life, and their platelet interactions are reduced in comparison to unfractionated heparin. They also provide an effective prophylaxis against postoperative major pulmonary embolism.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
The vein formed by the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins; it courses through the popliteal space and becomes the femoral vein.
Postmortem examination of the body.
Expectoration or spitting of blood originating from any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT, usually from hemorrhage in the lung parenchyma (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and the BRONCHIAL ARTERIES.
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
NECROSIS of lung tissue that is cause by the lack of OXYGEN or blood supply. The most common cause of pulmonary infarction is a blood clot in the lung.
Streptococcal fibrinolysin . An enzyme produced by hemolytic streptococci. It hydrolyzes amide linkages and serves as an activator of plasminogen. It is used in thrombolytic therapy and is used also in mixtures with streptodornase (STREPTODORNASE AND STREPTOKINASE). EC 3.4.-.
The creation and display of functional images showing where the blood flow reaches by following the distribution of tracers injected into the blood stream.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A benign neoplasm derived from connective tissue, consisting chiefly of polyhedral and stellate cells that are loosely embedded in a soft mucoid matrix, thereby resembling primitive mesenchymal tissue. It occurs frequently intramuscularly where it may be mistaken for a sarcoma. It appears also in the jaws and the skin. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The therapeutic intermittent administration of oxygen in a chamber at greater than sea-level atmospheric pressures (three atmospheres). It is considered effective treatment for air and gas embolisms, smoke inhalation, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, caisson disease, clostridial gangrene, etc. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992). The list of treatment modalities includes stroke.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A condition occurring as a result of exposure to a rapid fall in ambient pressure. Gases, nitrogen in particular, come out of solution and form bubbles in body fluid and blood. These gas bubbles accumulate in joint spaces and the peripheral circulation impairing tissue oxygenation causing disorientation, severe pain, and potentially death.
Low-molecular-weight fragment of heparin, having a 4-enopyranosuronate sodium structure at the non-reducing end of the chain. It is prepared by depolymerization of the benzylic ester of porcine mucosal heparin. Therapeutically, it is used as an antithrombotic agent. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Tumors in any part of the heart. They include primary cardiac tumors and metastatic tumors to the heart. Their interference with normal cardiac functions can cause a wide variety of symptoms including HEART FAILURE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; or EMBOLISM.
An indandione that has been used as an anticoagulant. Phenindione has actions similar to WARFARIN, but it is now rarely employed because of its higher incidence of severe adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p234)
System established by the World Health Organization and the International Committee on Thrombosis and Hemostasis for monitoring and reporting blood coagulation tests. Under this system, results are standardized using the International Sensitivity Index for the particular test reagent/instrument combination used.
Unstable isotopes of xenon that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Xe atoms with atomic weights 121-123, 125, 127, 133, 135, 137-145 are radioactive xenon isotopes.
A disorder of HEMOSTASIS in which there is a tendency for the occurrence of THROMBOSIS.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.
Agents that prevent fibrinolysis or lysis of a blood clot or thrombus. Several endogenous antiplasmins are known. The drugs are used to control massive hemorrhage and in other coagulation disorders.
Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Formation of an infarct, which is NECROSIS in tissue due to local ISCHEMIA resulting from obstruction of BLOOD CIRCULATION, most commonly by a THROMBUS or EMBOLUS.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.
A plant family of the order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, best known for the VITIS genus, the source of grapes.
The act of blowing a powder, vapor, or gas into any body cavity for experimental, diagnostic, or therapeutic purposes.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Ethyl ester of iodinated fatty acid of poppyseed oil. It contains 37% organically bound iodine and has been used as a diagnostic aid (radiopaque medium) and as an antineoplastic agent when part of the iodine is 131-I. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
Simple rapid heartbeats caused by rapid discharge of impulses from the SINOATRIAL NODE, usually between 100 and 180 beats/min in adults. It is characterized by a gradual onset and termination. Sinus tachycardia is common in infants, young children, and adults during strenuous physical activities.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
A proteolytic enzyme in the serine protease family found in many tissues which converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. It has fibrin-binding activity and is immunologically different from UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. The primary sequence, composed of 527 amino acids, is identical in both the naturally occurring and synthetic proteases.
The thin membrane-like muscular structure separating the right and the left upper chambers (HEART ATRIA) of a heart.

The endovascular management of blue finger syndrome. (1/776)

OBJECTIVES: To review our experience of the endovascular management of upper limb embolisation secondary to an ipsilateral proximal arterial lesion. DESIGN: A retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 3 years, 17 patients presented with blue fingers secondary to an ipsilateral proximal vascular lesion. These have been managed using transluminal angioplasty (14) and arterial stenting (five), combined with embolectomy (two) and anticoagulation (three)/anti-platelet therapy (14). RESULTS: All the patients were treated successfully. There have been no further symptomatic embolic episodes originating from any of the treated lesions, and no surgical amputations. Complications were associated with the use of brachial arteriotomy for vascular access. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular techniques are safe and effective in the management of upper limb embolic phenomena associated with an ipsilateral proximal focal vascular lesion.  (+info)

Thromboatheromatous complications of umbilical arterial catheterization in the newborn period. Clinicopathological study. (2/776)

Severe catheter-related thromboatheromatous lesions were found at necropsy in 33 of 56 infants who had umbilical arterial catheters passed during life. In infants dying within 8 days of insertion of the catheter, varying degrees of thrombosis of the aorta and its major branches were seen. With increasing thrombosis and aging of the thrombus, fatty deposits were seen first within the thrombus, and then in the intima and media. In addition there was evidence of proliferation of medial smooth muscle cells and of disruption of the medial architecture below the thrombus, characterized by the presence of abundant mucopolysaccharide. In infants who survived longer, varying degrees of organization of the thrombus could be traced, leading eventually to raised fibrous plaques with lipid and occasionally calcification. The lesions in the older infants were similar in many respects to experimental thromboatheromatous lesions produced in rabbits, and to some lesions of artheroma occurring spontaneously in humans. A wide variety of embolic phenomena were found, with features suggesting asynchrony of embolic episodes. The presence of thrombotic lesions could not be related to birthweight, Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes, age at catheterization, duration of catheterization, underlying disease process, age at death or the presence of hypothermia, acidosis, or anomalies in coagulation tests. There is a need for less hazardous methods of monitoring arterial oxygen tension.  (+info)

Mechanisms of retarded apical filling in acute ischemic left ventricular failure. (3/776)

BACKGROUND: We examined the hypothesis that retardation of apical filling as measured by color M-mode Doppler echocardiography in the diseased left ventricle (LV) reflects a decrease in the intraventricular mitral-to-apical pressure gradient. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 9 open-chest anesthetized dogs, micromanometers were placed near the mitral tip and in the apical region. From the color M-mode Doppler images, the time delay (TD) between peak velocity at the mitral tip and the apical region was determined as an index of LV flow propagation. Acute ischemic LV failure was induced by coronary microembolization. Induction of ischemia caused a marked increase in LV end-diastolic pressure and a decrease in LV ejection fraction. The time constant of LV isovolumic apical pressure decay (tau) increased from 31+/-8 to 49+/-16 ms (P<0.001). The peak early diastolic mitral-to-apical pressure gradient (DeltaPLVmitral-apex) decreased from 1.9+/-0.9 to 0.7+/-0.5 mm Hg (P<0.01), and TD increased from 5+/-3 to 57+/-26 ms (P<0.001). The slowing of flow propagation was limited to the apical portion of the LV cavity. The TD correlated with DeltaPLVmitral-apex (r=-0.94, P<0.01) and with tau (r=0.92, P<0.01). Before ischemia, the mitral-to-apical flow propagation velocity far exceeded the velocity of the individual blood cells, whereas during ischemia, flow propagation velocity approximated the blood velocity. CONCLUSIONS: Retardation of apical filling in acute ischemic failure was attributed to a decrease in the mitral-to-apical driving pressure, reflecting slowing of LV relaxation. The slowing of flow propagation appeared to represent a shift in apical filling from a pattern of column motion to a pattern dominated by convection.  (+info)

Should initial clamping for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair be proximal or distal to minimise embolisation? (4/776)

OBJECTIVES: to determine whether clamping proximally or distally on the infrarenal aorta during abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair increases the overall embolic potential. MATERIALS AND METHODS: a sheath was placed in the mid-infrarenal aorta of 16 dogs. In eight animals a cross-clamp was placed at the aortic trifurcation, and in another eight animals it was placed in the immediate subrenal position. Under fluoroscopy blood flow within the infrarenal aorta was evaluated by contrast and particle injections. Grey-scale analysis was used to calculate contrast density. Particle distribution was followed fluoroscopically and confirmed pathologically. RESULTS: fifty-seven+/-24% of injected contrast remained within the aorta with distal clamping while 97+/-7% did so with proximal clamping (p<0.01). With distal aortic clamping 6.2+/-1. 3 out of 10 injected particles remained within the aorta after 15 seconds and only 0.8+/-0.8 remained after 5 min. With proximal aortic clamping, all 10 of the particles remained within the aortic lumen for the full 5 minutes (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: initial distal clamping minimises distal embolisation, but may result in renal and/or visceral embolisation. Initial proximal clamping prevents proximal embolisation and does not promote distal embolisation. We recommend initial proximal clamping in aortic aneurysm surgery to minimise the overall risk of embolisation.  (+info)

Atrial fibrillation in general practice: how useful is echocardiography in selection of suitable patients for anticoagulation? (5/776)

All patients identified from records in two practices in West Lothian (n = 103) as having atrial fibrillation (AF) were offered a clinical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), and echocardiography. Sixty-five patients attended the examinations. Of these, 26 (40%) were found to be in sinus rhythm. Many of those in AF were already on warfarin. Only eight who were found to have AF, who were not already on warfarin and who had no contraindications to it, had additional risk factors that suggested they be treated with warfarin. In no case did echocardiography alter management decisions.  (+info)

Acetylsalicylic acid reduces vegetation bacterial density, hematogenous bacterial dissemination, and frequency of embolic events in experimental Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis through antiplatelet and antibacterial effects. (6/776)

BACKGROUND: Platelets are integral to cardiac vegetations that evolve in infectious endocarditis. It has been postulated that the antiplatelet aggregation effect of aspirin (ASA) might diminish vegetation evolution and embolic rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabbits with Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis were given either no ASA (controls) or ASA at 4, 8, or 12 mg. kg-1. d-1 IV for 3 days beginning 1 day after infection. Vegetation weights and serial echocardiographic vegetation size, vegetation and kidney bacterial densities, and extent of renal embolization were evaluated. In addition, the effect of ASA on early S aureus adherence to sterile vegetations was assessed. In vitro, bacterial adherence to platelets, fibrin matrices, or fibrin-platelet matrices was quantified with either platelets exposed to ASA or S aureus preexposed to salicylic acid (SAL). ASA at 8 mg. kg-1. d-1 (but not at 4 or 12 mg. kg-1. d-1) was associated with substantial decreases in vegetation weight (P<0.05), echocardiographic vegetation growth (P<0.001), vegetation (P<0.05) and renal bacterial densities and renal embolic lesions (P<0.05) versus controls. Diminished aggregation resulted when platelets were preexposed to ASA or when S aureus was preexposed to SAL (P<0.05). S aureus adherence to sterile vegetations (P<0.05) or to platelets in suspension (P<0.05), fibrin matrices (P<0.05), or fibrin-platelet matrices (P<0.05) was significantly reduced when bacteria were preexposed to SAL. CONCLUSIONS: ASA reduces several principal indicators of severity and metastatic events in experimental S aureus endocarditis. These benefits involve ASA effects on both the platelet and the microbe.  (+info)

Prevention of distal embolization during saphenous vein graft lesion angioplasty. Experience with a new temporary occlusion and aspiration system. (7/776)

BACKGROUND: Repeat coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is associated with a high morbidity and mortality, rendering percutaneous treatment of saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions an attractive alternative. However, percutaneous interventions of degenerated SVGs carries high risk of distal embolization. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study reports our initial experience with the PercuSurge GuardWire, a new device developed to prevent embolization during treatment of degenerated SVG. This device consists of a 190-cm-long, hollow 0.014-in guidewire with a central lumen connected to a distal occlusion balloon. A dedicated inflation device (the MicroSeal Adapter) was used to inflate the distal balloon and maintain complete lumen occlusion during balloon dilatation and stent implantation. A monorail aspiration catheter, connected to a vacuum syringe, was used to evacuate atherosclerotic and thrombotic debris. Angioplasty with stent implantation was performed in 15 degenerated SVGs (18 lesions). Procedural success was achieved in all patients with normal postprocedure flow (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction grade 3). No distal embolization was observed. There were no major in-hospital adverse clinical events, including Q-wave or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction, emergency CABG, or death. All patients were asymptomatic at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary series supports the feasible use of the PercuSurge GuardWire for retrieval of plaque debris and prevention of embolization in degenerated SVGs. The good tolerance of temporary occlusions without angiographic or clinical evidence of distal embolization represents encouraging early findings.  (+info)

Retrieval and analysis of particulate debris after saphenous vein graft intervention. (8/776)

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the composition and quantity of particulate debris resulting from vein graft intervention. BACKGROUND: Distal embolization and "no reflow" are frequent and important complications resulting from angioplasty of diseased saphenous vein grafts. Little is known about the composition and quantity of embolic particulate debris associated with vein graft intervention, and no intervention has been shown to protect against its clinical consequences. METHODS: A catheter system, designed to contain, retrieve and protect against distal embolization of this material, was evaluated during 27 percutaneous interventional saphenous vein graft procedures. Clinical, angiographic and pathologic analyses were performed. RESULTS: The duration of distal graft occlusion required to allow intervention and subsequent debris removal was 150 +/- 54 s, decreasing as experience was gained. Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction trial (TIMI) flow grade increased from 2.6 +/- 0.8 to 3.0 +/- 0.0. Creatine kinase (CK) rose above normal in three patients (11.1%) exceeding 3x normal in one (3.7%) resulting in the diagnosis of non-Q-myocardial infarction. Particulate material was identified following 21 of 23 procedures suitable for analysis. Particle size was 204 +/- 57 microm in the major axis and 83 +/- 22 microm in the minor axis. Particles consisted predominantly of soft acellular atheromatous material, such as that typically found under a fibrous cap. Semiquantitative analysis suggested that the quantity of particulate material was less following stenting than following balloon dilation. CONCLUSIONS: Particulate matter is commonly present following routine angioplasty and stenting of saphenous vein grafts. Containment, retrieval and analysis of this particulate debris are all feasible. Comparison to prior clinical experience is limited by small sample size. However, to the extent that these particles may contribute to distal embolization, no-reflow and infarction, such a system may contribute to the reduction of complications following vein graft intervention.  (+info)

Our results show that SWI is more sensitive than MRA for detecting a thrombus in acute cardioembolic stroke, and it is especially sensitive for detecting a single thrombus or multiple thrombi in distal intracranial arteries. MRA is useful in evaluating intracranial arteries, but it has a limitation in terms of visualizing abnormalities of distal intracranial arteries because of its insensitivity to slow flow or slow in-plane flow [13]. The SVS has been first reported through a study using T2*-weighted MRI [14]. However, the detection rate of the SVS is inconsistent among previous studies conducted using GRE: the heterogeneous etiologies of the enrolled stroke patients may affect the inconsistent sensitivity of the SVS on GRE [13-15]. The study of Cho et al. showed that the SVS on GRE was detected in 47.4% of 95 patients, especially in 77.5% of 40 patients with cardioembolic stroke [8]. Furthermore, a recent study conducted using SWI in acute posterior cerebral artery infarction showed that ...
Looking for arterial embolism? Find out information about arterial embolism. 1. of, relating to, or affecting an artery or arteries 2. denoting or relating to the usually bright red reoxygenated blood returning from the lungs or... Explanation of arterial embolism
Arterial embolism is a sudden interruption of blood flow to an organ or body part due to an embolus adhering to the wall of an artery blocking the flow of blood, the major type of embolus being a blood clot (thromboembolism). Sometimes, pulmonary embolism is classified as arterial embolism as well, in the sense that the clot follows the pulmonary artery carrying deoxygenated blood away from the heart. However, pulmonary embolism is generally classified as a form of venous embolism, because the embolus forms in veins. Arterial embolism is the major cause of infarction (which may also be caused by e.g. arterial compression, rupture or pathological vasoconstriction). Symptoms may begin quickly or slowly depending on the size of the embolus and how much it blocks the blood flow. Symptoms of embolisation in an organ vary with the organ involved but commonly include: Pain in the involved body part Temporarily decreased organ function Later symptoms are closely related to infarction of the affected ...
Find the best peripheral arterial embolism and thrombosis doctors in Navi Mumbai. Get guidance from medical experts to select peripheral arterial embolism and thrombosis specialist in Navi Mumbai from trusted hospitals - credihealth.com
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Comparing the embolic potential of open and closed cell stents during carotid angioplasty and stenting. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Objective: Few studies have reported the outcome of mechanical thrombectomy with Solitaire stent retrival (MTSR) in subtypes of acute ischemic stroke. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and result of MTSR in acute cardioembolic stroke. Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with acute cardioembolic stroke were treated by MTSR. The angiographic outcome was assessed by thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI) grade. TICI grade 2a, 2b, or 3 with a measurable thrombus that was retrieved was considered as a success when MTSR was performed in the site of primary vessel occlusion, and TICI grade 2b or 3 was considered as a success when final result was reported ...
This is a brief review of the literature on coronary embolism and a case report of a very unique type of coronary embolus-a piece of calcium from a calcified aortic valve. Microscopic sections revealed that the calcium plaque was covered by endothelium which had grown out from the vessel wall, thus attaching it to the coronary artery. The patient lived approximately two months after the embolism occurred.. ...
The presence of thrombi in the atherosclerotic and/or aneurysmatic aorta with peripheral arterial embolism is a common scenario. Thrombus formation in a morphologically normal aorta, however, is a rare event. A 50 years old woman was admitted to the mergency department for pain, coldness, and anesthesia in the the left foot. She had a 25 years history of cigarette smoking, a history of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT), hypercholesterolemia and hyperfibrinogenemia. An extensive serologic survey for hypercoagulability, including antiphospholipid antibodies, and vasculitis disorders was negative. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed a large, pedunculated and hypermobile thrombus attached to the aortic wall 5 cm distal of the left subclavian artery. The patient was admitted to the surgery department, where a 15 cm long fresh, parietal thrombus could be removed from the aorta showing no macroscopic wall lesions or any other morphologic abnormalities. This case report demonstrates the
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Annually, an estimated 1,285,000 in-patient angioplasty procedures, 1,471,000 inpatient diagnostic cardiac catheteri-zations and 68,000 inpatient defibrillator implantations are performed. The direct and indirect cost of cardiovascular diseases for 2007 is approximately $431.8 billion. The occurrence of plaque rupture with subsequent microemboli of atherosclerotic and thrombolytic debris into small coronary vessels has been confirmed. Microinfarction results from microemboli that are shed following coronary interventions. The aims of this review are to: 1) detect heterogeneous microinfarction using viability imaging, 2) characterize the consequences of distal coronary microembolization on left ventricle function and perfusion and 3) illustrate the progress of non-invasive imaging modalities in assessing distal coronary microembolization.
Note on unexplained Spinal Injury & Spinal Stroke Following extensive investigation of the causes of spinal strike without apparent explanation, the following case has been proven by a team of bio mech engineers, leading neurologists and other contributors in the spinal research field. A scientific paper is being prepared for publication. 1. Spinal stroke may occur many weeks or months after a primary event involving sudden straightening of the spine due to physical trauma such as
This condition is quite common in dogs although it is very rare in cats. It is really a type of stroke that affects the spinal cord instead of the brain. In this case the stroke is caused by small pieces of disc material that somehow get into the blood vessels supplying the spinal cord to cause a blockage. Clinical signs are therefore very sudden in onset and often cause immediate paralysis of one limb, of the rear limbs or sometimes of all four limbs. The animals may be painful initially but the pain usually resolves completely within a few hours. Diagnosis depends on ruling out other potential causes of the signs such as a [intlink id=1466″ type=post]fracture[/intlink] or [intlink id=1436″ type=post]disc disease[/intlink]. There is no treatment although physical therapy has been shown to influence recovery favorably. The completeness of the animals recovery depends mainly on how much of the spinal cord has been damaged by the injury and this is best determined by a neurological ...
Response:. We appreciate the attention of Guedes and Ferro to our meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant treatment in acute cardioembolic stroke.1 Indeed, our paper was submitted to Stroke on April 26, 2006, and thus before the ENS meeting held in September 2 to 5, 2006. After updating the meta-analysis by adding the ARGIS-1 study,2 Guedes and Ferro confirmed that the routine use of anticoagulants in the first 48 hours after an ischemic stroke of presumed cardioembolic origin cannot be recommended because of a bleeding excess. However, they found a favorable effect of anticoagulants on the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke or stroke of unknown cause (odds ratio 0.64, CI between 0.47 to 0.88).. We would like to make a comment on the statistical analysis performed in this update meta-analysis. The authors used a fixed-effect model. Our understanding is that random effects models are recommended if heterogeneity through the studies is ...
1. Introduction. Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) due to an embolism of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is a surgical emergency associated with a high mortality rate due to the difficulty in recognizing the condition before bowel infarction occurs. These thromboembolic events consist of multiple emboli in over twenty per cent of cases, which worsens the prognosis. We could find only one case of embolic episode in a lower limb following a SMA embolism that has been previously reported in the literature [1] . We hereby report a new case of AMI due to embolism of the SMA associated with lower limb acute ischemia.. 2. Case Presentation. A 62-year-old man, chronic smoker, was admitted to the emergency department complaining of history of abdominal pain since 2 days. Our patient was hemodynamically stable with temperature at 37.9˚C, and blood pressure was 120/80 mmHg. Abdominal examination was marked by diffuse abdominal tenderness, and limb examination showed bilateral toes ischemia (Figure 1). ...
Background and Purpose: A recent study showed that cardiogenic emboli might flow more frequently into the right hemisphere, whereas atheromatous aortic arch emboli might flow more frequently into the left hemisphere. We tried to 1) see if cardioembolic (CE) infarct volume would be larger in the right hemisphere than in the left hemisphere, and 2) depict anatomical regions showing CE vs. large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) infarction-related right-left propensity.. Methods: In this study on carotid artery territory CE (n = 694) vs. LAA (n = 1162) acute ischemic stroke patients who were enrolled consecutively from 11 nationwide stroke centers, we quantitatively registered diffusion magnetic resonance imaging lesions onto the Montreal Neurologic Institute brain template.. Results: In patients with bilateral CE stroke (n = 163), right hemispheric infarct size was about two times bigger than the contralateral left hemispheric infarct size (p = 0.002). However, in patients with either unilateral (n = ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Serial coronary microembolization induced ischemic cardiomyopathy. T2 - Model refinement in the closed-chest Beagle dog. AU - Geist, Beth. AU - LaRose, Amanda. AU - Ueyama, Yukie. AU - Youngblood, Bradley L.. AU - Palmieri, McKenna. AU - Del Rio, Carlos. AU - Hamlin, Robert. PY - 2019/9/1. Y1 - 2019/9/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85079220228&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85079220228&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.vascn.2019.05.054. DO - 10.1016/j.vascn.2019.05.054. M3 - Article. C2 - 31963041. AN - SCOPUS:85079220228. VL - 99. JO - Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods. JF - Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods. SN - 1056-8719. ER - ...
A young man was hospitalised with sudden onset paresis of the lower extremities, and spinal cord ischaemia was detected. Fibrocartilaginous embolism is most likely an underdiagnosed cause of spinal ...
Left atrial free-floating ball thrombus is a rarely seen pathology in the absence or presence of mitral valve disease. This pathologic condition carries high risks of embolic complications and deterioration of hemodynamics. The case reported here is
Results: After surgery, new lesions were identified in 31% of patients, averaging 0.5 lesions per patient (67 mm3 [0.004%] of brain tissue). Patients with preexisting lesions were 10× more likely to receive new lesions after surgery than patients without preexisting lesions. Preexisting ischemic lesions were observed in 64% of patients, averaging 19.4 lesions (1542 mm3 [0.1%] of brain tissue). New lesions in the left hemisphere were significantly smaller and more numerous (29 lesions; median volume, 44 mm3; volume range, 5-404 mm3) than those on the right (10 lesions; median volume, 128 mm3; volume range, 13-1383 mm3), which is consistent with a cardioembolic source of particulate emboli. Overall, the incidence of postoperative cognitive decline was 46% and was independent of whether new lesions were present ...
Sometimes referred to by the older term cerebrovascular accident (CVA), a stroke is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood flow) caused by blockage (thrombosis, arterial embolism, blood cot) or a hemorrhage. As a result, the affected area of the brain cannot function, which might result in an inability to move one or more limbs on one side of the body, inability to understand or formulate speech or an inability to see one side of the visual field ...
Some eighteen months ago my father, whom I loved very much, died from arterial embolism. There wasnt a single day since I did not cry, and I just wished that something would happen to take my mind of things. Then my wife suffered a stroke, which just shows that you should be careful what you wish for.. Or maybe not. For the better or the worse, the universe is not moved by our wishes, and things do not usually happen for a reason. This is in fact my single comfort in these times, that events did not happen because we did anything wrong, or because we are somehow bad people, or we failed to do or not do something that we should or shouldnt have done. Events occurred as they did simply because something always happens to somebody, only the things that happened to us were pretty bad.. What happened is this.. On January 11th Siobhan, my wife, called me at work and asked if I could return home immediately; she had caught a flu, or so she thought, and needed me to look after her. When I got home she ...
Reliable Wall Apposition - Self-conforming filter loop is designed to provide 360º apposition in both straight and curved anatomy.
Looking for online definition of Coronary embolism in the Medical Dictionary? Coronary embolism explanation free. What is Coronary embolism? Meaning of Coronary embolism medical term. What does Coronary embolism mean?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Concomitants of asymptomatic retinal cholesterol emboli. AU - Bruno, Askiel. AU - Russell, Patrick W.. AU - Jones, William L.. AU - Austin, Jeffrey K.. AU - Weinstein, Eric S.. AU - Steel, Susan R.. PY - 1992/6. Y1 - 1992/6. N2 - Background and Purpose: Asymptomatic retinal cholesterol emboli are sometimes encountered on ophthalmoscopic examination. They are associated with decreased survival, but their clinical significance is not fully known. We sought to determine which vascular risk factors are associated with such emboli. Methods: We studied 70 consecutive men (55-84 years old) with asymptomatic retinal cholesterol emboli diagnosed in an eye clinic Twenty-one men (57-78 years old) from the same eye clinic without retinal emboli or retinal ischemic events were randomly selected as control subjects. We determined vascular risk factors, presence of ischemic heart disease, and extracranial carotid artery disease. Results: Patients had a higher prevalence of hypertension, smoked ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Angioguard™ embolic protection device. AU - Siewiorek, Gail M.. AU - Eskandari, Mark K.. AU - Finol, Ender A.. PY - 2008/12/1. Y1 - 2008/12/1. N2 - Endovascular management of cardiovascular disease is quickly becoming a more popular treatment. The effectiveness in using embolic protection devices (EPDs), such as the Angioguard™ XP filter, during carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a topic of ongoing controversy and scrutiny. Early clinical results indicate that EPDs can reduce complications associated with CAS. However, the incidence of stroke and postprocedural embolic events are statistically similar when comparing CAS with the gold standard in carotid stenosis repair, carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The focus of this manuscript is the critical evaluation of Angioguard XP with respect to numerous in vitro and ex vivo experiments, and clinical trials that have been conducted by the authors and other researchers to investigate the efficacy of EPDs with the objective of ...
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New Boston Scientific Watchman Left Atrial Appendage Closure (LAAC) Device available at St. Peter, a first-of-its-kind, proven alternative to long-term warfarin therapy for stroke risk reduction
This prospective cohort study shows that the Export and Diver catheters are both safe and effective in removing thrombus in an unselected population with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The larger internal lumen diameter of the Diver catheter did not result in retrieval of larger thrombotic particles, nor in improved angiographic or electrocardiographic outcomes.. Primary PCI does not always result in successful reperfusion of the myocardium, despite a patent epicardial vessel. Mechanical crushing and fragmentation of the thrombus-containing lesion during primary PCI is thought to be at least partly responsible for myocardial dysfunction after PCI (13-15). Several devices have been introduced to facilitate removal of thrombus and plaque material, thereby protecting the microvasculature and improving myocardial blood flow. In saphenous vein graft PCI, distal embolic protection devices have proven to be very effective in preventing distal embolization (class I recommendation, level of ...
A deployment control system provides controlled deployment of an embolic protection device which may include a guide wire, an expandable filter attached to the guide wire near its distal end, and a restraining sheath that maintains the expanded filter in a collapsed position. The deployment control system includes a torque control device which allows the physician to torque the guide wire into the patients anatomy and a mechanism for preventing the guide wire from buckling as the restraining sheath is being retracted to deploy the expandable filter. A recovery control system for recovering the embolic protection device includes an inner catheter which extends within a lumen of an outer recovery sheath in a coaxial arrangement. A distal portion of the inner catheter extends beyond another recovery sheath during advancement of the recovery system into the vasculature. The recovery sheath can be advanced over the inner catheter to collapse the expandable filter. The proximal ends of the inner catheter and
An elongate distal protection device includes an intraluminal filter-occluder combination positioned at a distal end thereof. An expandable occluder is disposed within an expandable filter such that the filter and occluder are independently deployable. During use, the expanded occluder may be used first to stop embolic particles for aspiration thereof. Then, the occluder may be collapsed, leaving the filter expanded to capture any remaining embolic particles.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Femoral artery embolism in patients undergoing a laterally extended parametrectomy (LEP) procedure. AU - Tarnai, L.. AU - Ungár, L.. AU - Pálfalvi, L.. AU - Nagy, Z.. PY - 2011/9/19. Y1 - 2011/9/19. N2 - Introduction: Since 1993 an operative technique without adjuvant therapy (laterally extended parametrectomy, the LEP procedure) has been in use at our institution for the treatment of Stage IIB cervical cancer and for patients with pelvic lymph node metastases in Stages IA-IIA. Iliac/femoral artery embolic occlusion in the cohort of LEP operated patients was studied in an 11 years long period. Methods: The LEP-Wertheim procedure was used in 320 patients between 1994 and 2005. Embolic occlusion of the iliac and/or femoral arteries was detected in four out of 255 (1.6%) cases. Thrombectomy was done on one blood vessel in three cases, on both the deep and superficial femoral arteries in one case were executed to restore the vessel patency. Results: Three out of four patients ...
Dr. Myla describes the teams experience with the new embolic protection device: The low crossing profile and integration of a primary guidewire shortened procedure time, and facilitated lesion crossing and filter placement, especially in the presence of tortuous anatomy. The 0.014 guidewire tip demonstrated good torque response and the guidewire provided excellent support…it was ideal for procedures in which tortuosity would preclude placement of a more structured DPD with a stiff delivery catheter. Conformability of the expanded fiber network to the vessel wall and the short landing zone of the device made it ideal for challenging anatomy distal to the lesion. Anecdotally, investigators have commented the FiberNet EPS resulted in fewer vessel spasms.. Article: Carotid Artery Stenting in High Surgical Risk Patients using the FiberNet® Embolic Protection System: The EPIC Trial Results. Subbarao Myla, J. Michael Bacharach, Gary M. Ansel, Eric J. Dippel, Daniel J. McCormick, Jeffrey J. ...
A 44 year old man presented with intermittent claudication of the right lower leg and a history of surgical repair for aortic coarctation at the age of 12 years. Right popliteal and pedal pulses were diminished, and a 3/6 mesosystolic heart murmur was most clearly audible over the posterior part of the thorax. Systolic blood pressure was slightly raised equally in both arms, and a systolic ankle/arm pressure gradient that was higher on the right than on the left side (75 mm Hg and 45 mm Hg, respectively) was found. Ultrasound showed a mass in the right popliteal artery causing severe stenosis. Angiography revealed two structures in the middle and just before the bifurcation of the popliteal artery (far left). Based on these findings, a subacute popliteal artery embolism was suspected. No irregularities were found in the lower aorta and iliac/femoral arteries. Other causes of the embolism, such as atrial fibrillation, endocarditis or patent foramen ovale, were excluded. ...
An embolic protection system 1 comprises a guidewire 99 for advancing through a vasculature, the guidewire 99 having a distal end and a proximal end; an embolic protection filter 1 having a filter body 41 with a distal end and a proximal end, the filter body 41 providing for a collapsed configuration and an expanded deployed configuration. The embolic protection filter body 41 has a guidewire path for slidably receiving the guidewire 99 to permit movement of the filter 1 relative to the guidewire 99 when the filter 1 is in the collapsed configuration and the expanded deployed configuration. A delivery catheter 2 is advanceable over the guidewire 99 for delivery of the embolic protection filter 1; the delivery catheter 2 having a proximal end and a distal end. The filter 1 is deployed from the distal end of the delivery catheter 2 into the expanded deployed configuration. A retrieval catheter 3 is also advancable over the guidewire 99 for retrieval of the filter 1, the retrieval catheter 3 having a
An embolic protection system 1 comprises a guidewire 99 for advancing through a vasculature, the guidewire 99 having a distal end and a proximal end; an embolic protection filter 1 having a filter body 41 with a distal end and a proximal end, the filter body 41 providing for a collapsed configuration and an expanded deployed configuration. The embolic protection filter body 41 has a guidewire path for slidably receiving the guidewire 99 to permit movement of the filter 1 relative to the guidewire 99 when the filter 1 is in the collapsed configuration and the expanded deployed configuration. A delivery catheter 2 is advanceable over the guidewire 99 for delivery of the embolic protection filter 1; the delivery catheter 2 having a proximal end and a distal end. The filter 1 is deployed from the distal end of the delivery catheter 2 into the expanded deployed configuration. A retrieval catheter 3 is also advancable over the guidewire 99 for retrieval of the filter 1, the retrieval catheter 3 having a
Importance: To our knowledge, population-based data on retinal emboli are limited in Asia. Besides its associations with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and stroke, associations between retinal emboli and renal disease and function remain unclear. Objective: To examine the prevalence of and risk factors for retinal emboli in a large, contemporary, multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted from 2004 to 2011 and included a total of 10 033 Chinese, Malay, and Indian persons aged 40 to 80 years residing in the general communities of Singapore. Analyses were performed from November 2016 to February 2017. Interventions or Exposures: Retinal emboli were ascertained from retinal photographs obtained from both eyes of all participants according to a standardized protocol. Age-standardized prevalence of retinal emboli was calculated using the 2010 Singapore adult population. Risk factors were assessed from ...
Complications related to less-invasive haemodynamic monitoring‡. Belda, F. J.; Aguilar, G.; Teboul, J. L.; Pestaña, D.; Redondo, F. J.; Malbrain, M.; Luis, J. C.; Ramasco, F.; Umgelter, A.; Wendon, J.; Kirov, M.; Fernández-Mondéjar, E. // BJA: The British Journal of Anaesthesia;Apr2011, Vol. 106 Issue 4, p482 Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the type and incidence of complications during insertion, maintenance, and withdrawal of central arterial catheters used for transpulmonary thermodilution haemodynamic monitoring (PiCCOâ„¢). Methods We conducted a prospective, observational,... ...
We consider this to be an innovative article because it brings a new perspective to the selection of patients who are candidates for orthopedic cement procedures from a cardiological point of view.Mr. Francisco Galvan Roman ...
ObjectiveTo determine the value of visible retinal emboli as a diagnostic test for the detection of hemodynamically significant carotid artery stenosis in the
Embolic protection devices and methods of making and using the same. An embolic protection device may include a shaft or filter wire having a filter coupled thereto. The filter wire may include a proximal section and a distal section. The proximal and distal sections may be coupled with a connector.
(HealthDay)-Retinal emboli are associated with conventional cardiovascular risk factors, stroke, and chronic kidney disease, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Ophthalmology.
BAO is relatively rare, accounting for 6-10% of strokes. Although women tend to be affected later in life than men, most patients who develop BAO are aged 50-80. Predominant risk factors include hypertension, diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, smoking, hyperlipidaemia, previous stroke and peripheral vascular disease. The most common underlying aetiology for BAO is atherosclerosis. However embolic phenomena, vasculitis, dissection and even migraine may also be implicated. Classically, patients experience transient ischaemic attacks or a prodrome of symptoms including headache and vertigo in the weeks preceding the acute stroke [1]. However this may not always be present, as was the case with our patient who developed abnormal neurology likely secondary to embolic phenomenon from his chronic BAO. Prognosis is extremely variablewith poor outcome (defined as death, dependency, severe disability or modified Rankin score 3-6) in 54-95% of cases but factors thought to be associated with worse prognosis ...
In this endeavor, we aim to cover an updated and practical overview of the whole spectrum of this disturbing hurdle. Firstly, this publication will encompass different perspectives for the same entity: atrial fibrillation, encompassing the first line approach of Internal Medicine and the mindset of cardiologists and neurologists. Thereafter, an updated look on the epidemiology that has been exponentiating the awareness on this arrhythmia with a special scrutiny to the impact on stroke units worldwide is discussed. In the next section, the main advances in the diagnostic area will be presented, ranging from the anatomical viewpoint to rhythm disturbances and embolic complications. The medical and interventional treatment will follow with critical reviews of the therapeutic outbreaks and achievements into a practical modern-day care ...
Safely targeting the neural foramen or epidural space is the goal of image-guided transforaminal CSI. Injection procedures are used to deposit steroid solution in the perineural or epidural space, while avoiding intravascular injection. Although it is a generally safe procedure, rare severe complications have been reported with CT and fluoroscopic guidance.8,14. Recently reported techniques focus on CT-guided access to the neuroaxis while minimizing the chance for embolic complications.6⇓-8 We present a cohort treated with a variation on these techniques. A lateral patient position and a near-vertical trajectory with a short 25-ga needle were combined to minimize procedural time and radiation dose. Because proportionally less soft-tissue is crossed in the lateral position, this theoretically decreases the chance that a small muscular artery will be inadvertently pierced. In addition, when comparing the needle-insertion depth by using a lateral trajectory versus a dorsal trajectory within each ...
Use the same login as the login you use to access the private area of the societys home page.Enter your access data in the box on the right sidebar of this web page. ...
Sudden Illnesses. And other first aid emergencies. Heart Attack. Heart Attack (acute myocardial infarction) occurs when the blood supply to part of the heart muscle is severely reduced or stopped. Coronary thrombosis Coronary embolism Coronary occlusion. Signs and Symptoms. Slideshow 5321309 by marlo
A guidewire apparatus for use during percutaneous catheter interventions, such as angioplasty or stent deployment. A protection element comprising a filter or an occluder is mounted near the distal end of a steerable guidewire, which guides a therapeutic catheter. The guidewire apparatus comprises a hollow shaft movably disposed about a core wire and, optionally, a slippery liner interfitted there between. The shaft and core wire control relative displacement of the ends of the protection element, causing transformation of the protection element between a deployed configuration and a collapsed configuration.
News and information on minimally invasive vascular disease therapies, covering peripheral vascular disease, aneurysms, stroke, hypertension, dialysis access, and venous issues.
Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained rhythm disturbance, is associated with a significantly enhanced mortality and morbidity due to thromboembolic events, and other cardiac and noncardiac complications. Therefore the Network of Competence on Atrial Fibrillation (AFNET) supported by the German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) was established in order to collect clinical data on patients (pts) with AF (paroxysmal, persistent, permanent) over a study period of 6 years with an expected sample size of 12,000 pts. Incidence, clinical relevance and outcome after SAE is recorded and assessed by a Critical Event Committee (CEC).. The CEC-members (experts in cardiology and neurology) defined as SAE any death with or without relationship to AF, cardio-embolic events (stroke, peripheral arterial embolism), bleeding complications due to antithrombotic therapy, acute heart failure, syncope, resuscitation; additionally, the complication of interventional strategies for AF-treatment ...
Sometimes referred to by the older term cerebrovascular accident (CVA), a stroke is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood flow) caused by blockage (thrombosis, arterial embolism, blood cot) or a hemorrhage. As a result, the affected area of the brain cannot function, which might result in an inability to move one or more limbs on one side of the body, inability to understand or formulate speech or an inability to see one side of the visual field ...
Video articles in JoVE about femoral vein include Invasive Hemodynamic Characterization of the Portal-hypertensive Syndrome in Cirrhotic Rats, The WATCHMAN Left Atrial Appendage Closure Device for Atrial Fibrillation, Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion (PHP) with Melphalan as a Treatment for Unresectable Metastases Confined to the Liver, In Vivo Model for Testing Effect of Hypoxia on Tumor Metastasis.
DUBLIN, Dec. 21, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The Global Motor Protection Systems Market 2017-2021 report has been added to Research and Markets offering. The global motor protection systems market to grow at a CAGR of 4.45% during the period 2017-2021. Global Motor... Source link
The ARCH is a controlled trial with a sequential design and with a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded-endpoint (PROBE) methodology. The objective is to compare the efficacy and tolerance (net benefit) of two antithrombotic strategies in patients with atherothrombosis of the aortic arch and a recent (less than 6 months) cerebral or peripheral embolic event.. Hypothesis:. The association of clopidogrel 75 mg/d plus aspirin 75 mg/d is 25% more effective than an oral anticoagulant (target International Normalized Ratio [INR] 2 to 3) in preventing brain infarction, brain hemorrhage, myocardial infarction, peripheral embolism, and vascular death. ...
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (NYSE: BMY) and Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE) announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ELIQUIS® (api
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Söll GlideLoc Aluminium Ladders Vertical fall protection system Certified according to EN 353-1:2002 and CNB/P/ Söll GlideLoc Aluminium ladders Y-spar Profile 52 x 51 mm With connector Mounting
A pulmonary embolism is a blockage in the pulmonary artery, which supplies blood to the lungs. These embolisms affect an estimated 1 in 1,000 people in the U.S. every year. In this article, we describe what a pulmonary embolism feels like and how it is diagnosed. Learn about risk factors, outlooks and more.
This video discusses Pulomary Embolisms. An embolus is a blood clot otherwise known as a thrombus which blocks a blood vessel. A pulmonary Embolism is a sudden blockage of the lung by an embolus...
One day, I was eating dinner with the attendant auntie. I was leaning against the table on my bed when I felt something warm on my bottom. Auntie, I cried, Im bleeding! When she removed the table, both of us were at a loss. Auntie rushed to the nurse station, shouting that I was bleeding heavily. Several nurses rushed into my room and pressed upon my wound. I was very weak and sweating, and my blood pressure had declined. I was immediately sent to the intensive care unit for emergent treatment. Auntie asked my mother and brother to come to the hospital. I didnt know that I was about to die. I was still conscious, crying for them to stop the bleeding. I was then sent to the department of medical imaging to find the exact spot of the bleeding; and an artery embolism was performed to stop it. But the wound continued to grow. Soon, it was larger than an octavo, and my iliac (or loin) bone was eroded to the point of breaking. The surgeon removed my testicles because they were in a state of ...
Embolism: Embolism, obstruction of the flow of blood by an embolus, a particle or aggregate of substance that is abnormally present in the bloodstream. The substance may be a blood
DOWNLOAD MP3 Join the Watchmen, Bob, Bill and Chris as we talk about what God is showing us, sharing our struggles, and hope. Isa 28:25 When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and…
This came out at the weekend, but I think it could be fun to talk about a wee bit (If only to remind the Indie Devs who read us, youve still a few days to put
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... but when the sign is absent a pulmonary embolism is not ruled out. "Pulmonary embolism". Slideshow. LifeHugger.com. Hampton AO ... Hampton's hump along with Westermark sign may aid in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, although they are rare and their ... If the sign is present in an image, there is a high chance that the person has a pulmonary embolism, ...
Clear - pulmonary embolism (clear to frothy); COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (clear to gray); viral respiratory ... Rust colored - usually caused by pneumococcal bacteria (in pneumonia), pulmonary embolism, lung cancer or pulmonary ... pulmonary embolism. Green or greenish colored - indicative of longstanding respiratory infection (green from degenerative ...
Air embolism. If the returning fluid is purulent, one repeats the puncture after a week. If more than three successive puncture ... Thomson, K.F.M (29 June 2007). "Air embolism following antral lavage". The Journal of Laryngology & Otology. 69 (12): 829-832. ...
Air embolism. Venous air embolism (VAE), or gas bubbles in the bloodstream, occurs when air enters the peripheral or central ... Guidewire embolism. MST presents the risk that the guidewire will be lost in the vein while the clinician is pushing in the ... When a guidewire embolism occurs, the guidewire must be surgically removed. Splash contamination. When the guidewire and ... Finally, AST reduces by 50% the open-to-air events that can cause an embolism. Currently, one manufactured device, The WAND ( ...
... pulmonary embolism; arterial thromboembolic disease; and are or may become pregnant" or "with known or suspected breast cancer ...
DCS and arterial gas embolism are treated very similarly because they are both the result of gas bubbles in the body. The U.S. ... DCS and arterial gas embolism are collectively referred to as decompression illness. Since bubbles can form in or migrate to ... 1930s: Albert R Behnke separated the symptoms of Arterial Gas Embolism (AGE) from those of DCS. 1935: Behnke et al. ... Their spectra of symptoms also overlap, although the symptoms from arterial gas embolism are generally more severe because they ...
... or thromboembolic disease such as pulmonary embolism or emboli seen in sickle cell anaemia. Pulmonary embolism refers to an ... "Saddle pulmonary embolism". Radiopaedia. Retrieved 2017-10-08. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) Schoenwolf ... [et al ...
Massive pulmonary embolism. For the treatment of a massive pulmonary embolism, catheter-directed therapy is a safer and more ... It is used in ST elevation myocardial infarction, stroke, and very large pulmonary embolisms. The main complication is bleeding ... Catheter-directed therapy for the treatment of massive pulmonary embolism: systematic review and meta-analysis of modern ...
"Managing suspected pulmonary embolism". NICE. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. January 2015. Nigel Key; ... A defect in the perfusion images requires a mismatched ventilation defect to indicate pulmonary embolism. In the ventilation ... "2014 ESC Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism". European Heart Journal. 35 (43): 3033-3073. ... such as a pulmonary embolism (PE) although computed tomography with radiocontrast is now more commonly used for this purpose. ...
Air or gas embolism Carbon monoxide poisoningCarbon Monoxide Poisoning Complicated by Cyanide Poisoning Central retinal artery ... "Air or Gas Embolism". Retrieved 2008-05-19. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Carbon Monoxide". Retrieved 2008-05-19. ... "Decompression Sickness or Illness and Arterial Gas Embolism". Retrieved 2008-05-19. Brubakk, A. O.; T. S. Neuman (2003). ...
... , 75, who went to the dogs early in life, wound up as their best U.S. friend; of a pulmonary embolism; ...
A patient with a right-to-left shunt is vulnerable to embolism from smaller amounts of air. Fatality by air embolism is rare, ... Many systems of administration employ a drip chamber, which prevents air from entering the blood stream (air embolism), and ... Central IV lines carry risks of bleeding, infection, gangrene, thromboembolism and gas embolism (see Risks below). They are ... this is called embolism. It is nearly impossible to inject air through a peripheral IV at a dangerous rate. The risk is greater ...
"Embolism Caused Death" (PDF). The New York Times. January 7, 1919. Retrieved 2009-04-08. "Metropolitan Magazine". MagazineArt. ...
"Air or Gas Embolism". Retrieved 2011-08-21. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Carbon Monoxide". Retrieved 2011-08-21. ... It is the definitive treatment for decompression sickness and may also be used to treat arterial gas embolism caused by ... The increased overall pressure is of therapeutic value in the treatment of decompression sickness and air embolism as it ... The chamber treats decompression sickness and gas embolism by increasing pressure, reducing the size of the gas bubbles and ...
A pulmonary embolism is a serious condition because; it can damage the lungs due to pulmonary hypertension and cause low blood ... The most severe complication of RVT is a pulmonary embolism, caused by a clot, also called a thrombus, that originates from the ... Usually the diagnoses of RVT is first made when a nephrotic syndrome patient experiences a pulmonary embolism or a sudden ... This condition can cause death if left untreated; about 30% percent of patients who have a pulmonary embolism will die, usually ...
It has also been reported as a sign following fat embolism. When lipiduria occurs, epithelial cells or macrophages contain ... Findlay J, DeMajo W (1 January 1984). "Cerebral fat embolism" (Image & PDF). Canadian Medical Association Journal. 131 (7): 755 ...
He died from pulmonary embolism. The Bernard A. Galler Fellowship Fund has been established at the University of Michigan ...
Nityanand, S; Zaidi, SH (1963). "Experimental pulmonary embolism and arteriosclerosis. Effect of vasospasm 67: 529-538". ...
Another 26% develop another embolism. Between 5% and 10% of all in hospital deaths are due to pulmonary embolism (as a ... Hospital admissions in the US for pulmonary embolism are 200,000 to 300,000 yearly. Thrombosis that develops into DVT will ... Studies of the pathophysiologic mechanisms for the increased risk of Venous thrombosis embolism or VTE after long-distance ... Those who remain undiagnosed and not treated prophylacticly have a 26% chance of suffering a fatal embolism. ...
Cohen, G (1958). "Massive pulmonary embolism without infarction". British Journal of Radiology. 31: 326-330. Cohen, G (1958). " ...
First to diagnose mesenteric embolism. First to perform pleural tapping and gastric lavage. First to attempt oesophagoscopy and ...
Baker, W.F. Jr (1998). "Diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism". Med. Clin. North Am. 82 (3, May): 459-476 ... ISBN 978-1-4377-2207-9. Hume, Michael (1970). Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. p ...
Sharma, GV; Sasahara, AA; McIntyre, KM (1976). "Pulmonary embolism: The great imitator". Disease-a-month. 22 (7): 4-38. doi: ... erythematosus Systemic lupus erythematosus Sarcoidosis Multiple sclerosis Celiac disease Addison's Disease Pulmonary embolism ...
Surgical or catheter embolectomy is normally performed in patients with pulmonary embolism (formed from venous embolisms). ... see pulmonary embolism). Surgical embolectomy for massive pulmonary embolism (PE) has become a rare procedure and is often ... It can also be used for other ischemias due to embolism for example mesenteric ischemia and stroke. Typically this is done by ... MDGuidelines > Arterial Embolism And Thrombosis From The Medical Disability Advisor by Presley Reed, MD. Retrieved on April 30 ...
In one study, it found a DVT in an additional 20% of patients with pulmonary embolism where a ultrasonography was negative. A ... A 2014 Cochrane review found that using heparin in medical patients did not change the risk of death or pulmonary embolism. ... Complications may include pulmonary embolism, as a result of detachment of a clot which travels to the lungs, and post- ... 2012). "Broadening the factor V Leiden paradox: Pulmonary embolism and deep-vein thrombosis as 2 sides of the spectrum". Blood ...
Fat embolism - embolism of bone fracture or fat droplets. Air embolism (also known as a gas embolism) - embolism of air bubbles ... embolism of bacteria-containing pus. Tissue embolism - embolism of small fragments of tissue. Foreign body embolism - embolism ... Amniotic-fluid embolism is a rare complication of childbirth. Paradoxical embolism Pulmonary embolism Kumar V.; Abbas A.K.; ... Thromboembolism - embolism of thrombus (blood clot). Cholesterol embolism - embolism of cholesterol, often from atherosclerotic ...
embolism: this can be caused by air, a thrombus, or fragment of a catheter breaking off and entering the venous system. It can ... cause a Pulmonary Embolism. Air emboli can be avoided by making sure that there is no air in the system. A thromboembolism can ...
He died of a pulmonary embolism. Eszer served for many years as professor at the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, ...
"Hydrogen peroxide: reminder of risk of gas embolism when used in surgery - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Rahman, GA; Adigun, IA; Yusuf, ... Surgical use can lead to gas embolism formation. Despite this it is still used for wound treatment in many developing countries ... Shaw, A; Cooperman, A; Fusco, J (1967). "Gas embolism produced by hydrogen peroxide". N Engl J Med. 277 (5): 238-41. doi: ...
"New Treatment Is Saving the Lives of Patients Suffering from a Pulmonary Embolism - Veins1.com". veins1.com. Retrieved 2013-05- ... "EKOS Corporation Receives CE Mark to Treat Massive and Sub-Massive Pulmonary Embolism , Business Wire". www.businesswire.com. ... "EKOS Receives Approval to Treat Massive and Sub-Massive Pulmonary Embolism". Reuters. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2015-09-08. " ... and pulmonary embolism. His clinical experience in endovascular intervention in part contributed to the clinical approval of ...
PubMed Journal articles for Arterial embolism acute limb were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or ... Symptomatic subsegmental pulmonary embolism: to treat or not to treat? [Review]. *HAHematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program 2017 ... Massive tumor embolism in the abdominal aorta from pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma: Case report and review of the literature. ... Acute arterial tumor embolism is a rare complication in cancer patients. Most of the previously reported cases of arterial ...
Fibrocartilaginous embolism, Spinal Stroke, Its rare at least in people!. By KimB in forum Tranverse Myelitis, Multiple ... 2004). Fibrocartilaginous embolism--an uncommon cause of spinal cord infarction. By Wise Young in forum Transverse Myelitis ... Spinal Stroke, Delayed Injury, Fibrocartilaginous Embolism Note on unexplained Spinal Injury & Spinal Stroke. Following ...
You are here: Home » Library » Fibrocartilaginous Embolism (FCE). Fibrocartilaginous Embolism (FCE). Posted on February 16, ... Fibrocartilaginous embolism-an uncommon cause of spinal cord infarction: a case report and review of the literature. Han JJ, et ... Fibrocartilaginous embolism of the spinal cord: a clinical and pathogenetic reconsideration.. Tosi L, et al. J Neurol Neurosurg ... Fibrocartilaginous embolism in 75 dogs: clinical findings and factors influencing the recovery rate. Gandini G, Cizinauskas S, ...
A pulmonary embolism occurs when a part of the clot breaks off and travels to the lungs, a potential life threat. Venous ... Deep Vein Thrombosis & Pulmonary Embolism. Nimia L. Reyes, Michele G. Beckman, Karon Abe ...
Embolism and thrombosis Venous thromboembolism in over 16s: reducing the risk of hospital-acquired deep vein thrombosis or ... Anti-embolism stockings should be fitted and patients shown how to use them by staff trained in their use. [2010] ... 1.3.2 Ensure that people who need anti-embolism stockings have their legs measured and that they are provided with the correct ... 1.3.5 Use anti-embolism stockings that provide graduated compression and produce a calf pressure of 14-15 mmHg. (This relates ...
Her fresh C-section wound popped open from the intense coughing spells caused by the pulmonary embolism, and when she returned ... a slip on a piece of broken glass at a Munich restaurant that led to pulmonary embolisms, which in turn led to a year on the ... she immediately assumed she was having another pulmonary embolism. (Serena lives in fear of blood clots.) She walked out of the ...
Embolism, obstruction of the flow of blood by an embolus, a particle or aggregate of substance that is abnormally present in ... parturition: Embolisms. …this fails, surgery is necessary. An embolism is a blockage of a blood vessel, as by a blood clot or ... Embolism, obstruction of the flow of blood by an embolus, a particle or aggregate of substance that is abnormally present in ... A pulmonary embolism-an obstruction of blood flow to the lungs by an embolus in the pulmonary artery or in one of its branches- ...
Pulmonary Embolism. Br Med J 1948; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.4550.569 (Published 20 March 1948) Cite this as: Br Med ...
Pulmonary Embolism. Br Med J 1966; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.5499.1358-b (Published 28 May 1966) Cite this as: Br ...
Treatments and Tools for embolism. Find embolism information, treatments for embolism and embolism symptoms. ... embolism - MedHelps embolism Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... Posts on embolism. does depakopte cause plalets to stick together?? - Bipolar Disorder Community ... My husband has had a pulmonary embolism and his doctor suggests it may be liked to his arth... ...
Acute pulmonary embolism.. Agnelli G1, Becattini C.. Author information. 1. Internal and Cardiovascular Medicine and Stroke ...
Health Information on Pulmonary Embolism: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Pulmonary Embolism: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Embolia pulmonar: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ...
Arterial embolism is a sudden interruption of blood flow to an organ or body part due to a clot (embolus) that has come from ... An arterial embolism may be caused by one or more clots. The clots can get stuck in an artery and block blood flow. The ... Arterial embolism is a sudden interruption of blood flow to an organ or body part due to a clot (embolus) that has come from ... Peripheral arterial embolism. In: Cameron P, Jelinek G, Kelly A-M, Brown A, Little M, eds. Textbook of Adult Emergency Medicine ...
These embolisms affect an estimated 1 in 1,000 people in the U.S. every year. In this article, we describe what a pulmonary ... embolism feels like and how it is diagnosed. Learn about risk factors, outlooks and more. ... A pulmonary embolism is a blockage in the pulmonary artery, which supplies blood to the lungs. ... What is an air embolism?. An air embolism occurs when a gas bubble enters a vein or artery. It can block the passage of blood, ...
Prevention of pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis with low dose aspirin: Pulmonary Embolism Prevention (PEP) trial. ... encoded search term (How is pulmonary embolism (PE) diagnosed?) and How is pulmonary embolism (PE) diagnosed? What to Read Next ... Preventive and therapeutic approach to venous thromboembolic disease and pulmonary embolism--can death from pulmonary embolism ... How is pulmonary embolism (PE) diagnosed?. Updated: Jun 05, 2019 * Author: Kaushal (Kevin) Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E ...
... for Serena Williams told reporters Wednesday that the tennis star was receiving treatment for a pulmonary embolism she suffered ... A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot, usually originating in a vein in the upper thigh, that breaks loose and travels to a lung ... People who take long airplane trips and car rides are at risk for pulmonary embolism. So are people who suffer an injury that ... Classically, a person develops a pulmonary embolism when he or she has risk factors for the problem - including pregnancy, use ...
A pulmonary embolism is a clot that lodges in the lung but originated elsewhere in the body. The most common source of the clot ... Pulmonary embolism is surprisingly common, Adelman said. "I treated three blood clots in the lung today. There are tens of ... Chabot said the embolism was discovered shortly after Williams returned to Los Angeles from New York, where she had been ... The effects that the embolism and the hematoma could have on Williams athletic career remain unclear. But Dr. Andrew Gregory, ...
You may hear a pulmonary embolism referred to as a ... A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that travels to the blood ... You may hear a pulmonary embolism referred to as a "PE." Causes Pulmonary embolisms are caused by blood clots that can develop ... A pulmonary embolism (EM buh liz um) is a blood clot in the large blood vessels in the lungs. Blood flow to the lungs can be ... Certain radiology tests can be done to tell if your child has a pulmonary embolism. The tests are not painful. Your child will ...
Hanson hospitalized with pulmonary embolism. 5:00 AM PDT 10/5/2007 by Associated Press , AP ... He was diagnosed with a pulmonary embolism, which occurs when a blood clot in the extremities breaks away and travels to the ...
Irwin J.W. (1973) Blood Cell Aggregation and Pulmonary Embolism. In: Bruley D.F., Bicher H.I. (eds) Oxygen Transport to Tissue ...
... and signs of a pulmonary embolism and the medications used in treatment. Common symptoms and signs include chest pain, ... Main Article on Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms and Signs. * Pulmonary Embolism. A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a ... DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Quiz. Take the Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism Quiz to learn ... Pulmonary Embolism: Symptoms & Signs. *Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD. Melissa Conrad ...
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is thought to occur most commonly in patients who suffer severe trauma and orthopedic injuries and ... Fat embolism Fat embolism syndrome FES Systemic inflammatory response syndrome SIRS This article is part of the Topical ... Fat embolism and the fat embolism syndrome. A double-blind therapeutic study. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1987;69:128-31. Proposed ... It is important to recognize the distinction between fat embolism and FES. A fat embolism is the presence of fat within ...
A pulmonary embolism can be a complication of deep vein thrombosis. WebMD tells you what you need to know about this life- ... DVT & Pulmonary Emobolism - Pulmonary Embolism: A Complication of DVT * How DVT Can Lead to a Pulmonary Embolism ... A pulmonary embolism (PE) usually happens when a blood clot called a deep vein thrombosis (DVT), often in your leg, travels to ... Pulmonary Embolism: A Complication of DVT. Articles OnDVT & Pulmonary Emobolism. DVT & Pulmonary Emobolism ...
How do you know if you have a pulmonary embolism (PE)? Your doctor will look at your symptoms and likely order a number of ... Articles OnPulmonary Embolism. Pulmonary Embolism Pulmonary Embolism - How Do Doctors Diagnose a Pulmonary Embolism? * What Is ... National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "What is Pulmonary Embolism?". National Blood Clot Alliance: "How is PE Diagnosed? ... If you think you have a pulmonary embolism (PE), you should get medical help right away. ...
The material of the embolism protection devices can release one or more biologically active agents, such as a thrombolitic ... Alternatively or additionally, the embolism protection device can be connected to a tether that elutes one or more biologically ... Embolism protection devices can be formed with a biocompatible expandable polymer that can expand upon release within a ... Embolism protection devices can be similarly placed in veins.. As noted above with respect to FIG. 12. , the embolism ...
... a subset of gas embolism, is an entity with the potential for severe morbidity and mortality. Venous air embolism is a ... Venous Air Embolism Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Dec 30, 2017 * Author: Brenda L Natal, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Erik D ... Large-volume air embolism as a complication of augmented computed tomography: case report. Can Assoc Radiol J. 2002 Oct. 53(4): ... Venous air embolism related to the use of central catheters revisited: with emphasis on dialysis catheters. Clin Kidney J. 2017 ...
Patients with PDE may present with neurologic abnormalities or features suggesting arterial embolism. ... The clinical manifestations of paradoxical embolism (PDE) are nonspecific, and the diagnosis is difficult to establish. ... encoded search term (Paradoxical Embolism) and Paradoxical Embolism What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ... Simultaneous massive pulmonary embolism and impending paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale. J Am Coll Cardiol. ...
Newer aspects of anticoagulant and antithrombotic therapy.MR-angiography in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.Scintigraphy- ... ventilation/perfusion scanning and imaging of the embolus.- Clinical course and prognosis of acute pulmonary embolism.- The ... The value of echocardiography in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism.- New developments ... Acute Pulmonary Embolism: A Challenge for Hemostasiology. A. Geibel,Hanjoerg Just,W. Kasper,S. Konstantinides. Limited preview ...
The embolism is often caused when people develop DVT - deep vein thrombosis. This is a condition where a blood clot forms in a ... Unfortunately, if the clot is small, it may not present any symptoms and a pulmonary embolism would be the first sign of DVT. ... Should the clots dislodge and travel to the lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism, death is a possible consequence as in the ... Treatment of an identified DVT should begin immediately to reduce the risk of an embolism. Usually the treatment plan includes ...
The diagnostic approach to patients with pulmonary embolism should be exactly the same in a pregnant patient as in a ... Drugs & Diseases , Pulmonology , Pulmonary Embolism (PE) Q&A How is pulmonary embolism (PE) diagnosed during pregnancy?. ... The pathophysiology of pulmonary embolism. Although pulmonary embolism can arise from anywhere in the body, most commonly it ... Prognostic value of plasma lactate levels among patients with acute pulmonary embolism: the thrombo-embolism lactate outcome ...
Pulmonary embolism definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it ... pulmonary embolism in Medicine Expand. pulmonary embolism n. The obstruction of pulmonary arteries, usually by detached ... A pulmonary embolism shouldnt kill him, but the effects were disproportionate to the cause and would last a while. ... The symptoms of pulmonary embolism may occur at any period from the hour of the operation up to the thirtieth day. ...
Pyemic embolism definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up ... The obstruction of an artery by an embolus detached from a pus-filled clot.infective embolism ...
A pulmonary embolism can be life threatening, but advanced medical techniques are less invasive and offer faster recovery times ... Pulmonary embolism doesnt have to be life threatening A pulmonary embolism can be life threatening, but advanced medical ... Story From Williamson Medical Center: Pulmonary embolism doesnt have to be life threatening. A pulmonary embolism can be life ... A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that usually starts in the lower leg. It breaks off and travels to your heart and lungs. ...
  • Symptomatic subsegmental pulmonary embolism: to treat or not to treat? (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The introduction of computed tomographic pulmonary angiography and its recent increasing availability has led to a significant rise in its use to help clinicians diagnose acute pulmonary embolism (PE. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Acute-onset nontraumatic paraplegia in childhood: fibrocartilaginous embolism or acute myelitis? (canadawestvets.com)
  • Fibrocartilaginous embolism in 75 dogs: clinical findings and factors influencing the recovery rate. (canadawestvets.com)
  • Fibrocartilaginous embolism of the spinal cord: a clinical and pathogenetic reconsideration. (canadawestvets.com)
  • A post mortem that confirmed the injury had been caused by a fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE). (canadawestvets.com)
  • Fibrocartilaginous embolism of the spinal cord in dogs: review of 36 histologically confirmed cases and retrospective study of 26 suspected cases. (canadawestvets.com)
  • Newer aspects of anticoagulant and antithrombotic therapy.MR-angiography in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.Scintigraphy-ventilation/perfusion scanning and imaging of the embolus. (google.com)
  • Guidelines by the professional societies on the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism make this difficult assessment easier and reduce the risks of radiation to the fetus. (medscape.com)
  • The role of risk factors in delayed diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. (medscape.com)
  • The diagnosis of pulmonary embolism may be difficult to make, and initially may be missed. (medicinenet.com)
  • Diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in hemodynamically unstable patients can be facilitated by echocardiography, bedside leg ultrasonography and CT pulmonary angiography. (cmaj.ca)
  • The doctor is ordinarily less surprised upon making a diagnosis of pulmonary embolism . (verywellhealth.com)
  • A number of investigators have developed and validated clinical decision rules for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. (aafp.org)
  • The fat embolism syndrome (FES) constitutes a potentially devastating constellation of clinical signs and symptoms, which are classically characterized as the triad of respiratory insufficiency, neurologic dysfunction, and petechial rash. (springer.com)
  • Unfortunately, if the clot is small, it may not present any symptoms and a pulmonary embolism would be the first sign of DVT. (prweb.com)
  • The symptoms experienced in cholesterol embolism depend largely on the organ involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main problem is the distinction between cholesterol embolism and vasculitis (inflammation of the small blood vessels), which may cause very similar symptoms - especially the skin findings and the kidney dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The symptoms of pulmonary embolism may occur at any period from the hour of the operation up to the thirtieth day. (dictionary.com)
  • This dislodged a clot, and the woman was seized with the symptoms of pulmonary embolism and died in forty-seven minutes. (dictionary.com)
  • What are the symptoms of arterial embolism? (healthline.com)
  • The symptoms of this condition depend on the location of the embolism. (healthline.com)
  • These symptoms will likely be asymmetrical, appearing only on the side of your body with the embolism. (healthline.com)
  • However, an embolism can recur after treatment, so it's important to be aware of your symptoms and talk to your doctor if you may have an arterial embolism. (healthline.com)
  • Although a doctor may suspect the presence of pulmonary embolism when symptoms occur in someone with typical signs of deep vein thrombosis, there often is not enough evidence to make a definitive diagnosis. (healthcentral.com)
  • [1] X Research source To diagnose a pulmonary embolism, it is key to recognize suspicious signs and symptoms, and also to undergo a series of diagnostic tests and evaluations. (wikihow.com)
  • If you suspect that you may have a PE (pulmonary embolism), go to the Emergency Room immediately or call 911 depending on the severity of the symptoms. (wikihow.com)
  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of a potential pulmonary embolism. (wikihow.com)
  • It is also important to understand, however, that half of people with a pulmonary embolism present with no symptoms. (wikihow.com)
  • [4] X Research source In addition to recognizing signs and symptoms, there are risk factors that make you more susceptible to developing a pulmonary embolism. (wikihow.com)
  • When emboli block the main pulmonary artery, and in cases where there are no initial symptoms, a pulmonary embolism can quickly become fatal. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism symptoms can vary greatly, depending on how much of your lung is involved, the size of the clots, and whether you have underlying lung or heart disease. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The signs and symptoms of amniotic fluid embolism often develop rapidly. (rarediseases.org)
  • The symptoms and clinical signs of air embolism are related to the degree of air entry into the circulation system. (bbraun.com)
  • Fig. 2: Possible symptoms of air embolism and corresponding clinical signs. (bbraun.com)
  • Symptoms of a massive pulmonary embolism are difficulty breathing and heart palpitations. (wisegeek.com)
  • Symptoms of a pulmonary embolism start suddenly, as soon as the clot starts blocking blood flow to the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • What are the Signs and Symptoms of Pulmonary Embolism? (wikipedia.org)
  • Each year, pulmonary embolisms kill at least 600,000 Americans, many of whom had no or little symptoms. (crainsdetroit.com)
  • It's critical to get immediate medical help if you have these symptoms, because the clot could travel to the lungs or heart (called an embolism). (carle.org)
  • Pulmonary embolism can also cause more general symptoms. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • It may be hard to diagnose pulmonary embolism, because the symptoms are like those of many other problems, such as a heart attack , a panic attack , or pneumonia . (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • A new research shows that chest pain, breathing difficulty and cough are the key symptoms for pulmonary embolism (PE), a potentially fatal blockage in the lung. (medindia.net)
  • A clinical policy focusing on critical issues in the evaluation and management of patients with signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism (PE) has been released by the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). (aafp.org)
  • For many, however, there are no noticeable symptoms associated with pulmonary embolism. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • This patient has signs and symptoms that are concerning for fat embolism syndrome, noted especially by the bilateral pulmonary opacities concerning for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). (epmonthly.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism symptoms may vary greatly, based on how much of the lung is engaged, the clots size and the overall health - particularly the absence or presence of underlying heart disease or lung disease. (rebates.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a blockage in the pulmonary artery, which supplies the blood to the lungs. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery. (news-medical.net)
  • Tennis player Serena Williams was rushed to a Los Angeles hospital Monday to undergo emergency treatment for complications from an earlier pulmonary embolism -- a blockage in an artery of her lung. (go.com)
  • An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel. (wikipedia.org)
  • An embolism can cause partial or total blockage of blood flow in the affected vessel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulmonary embolism (PE) describes the blockage of a pulmonary artery or one of its branches by a blood clot or foreign material. (medicinenet.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a blockage caused by a clot in one or more of the arteries in or leading to the lungs. (healthcentral.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism is a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries in your lungs. (mayoclinic.org)
  • A pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a major artery in your lung, occurring when a blood clot that has developed in another part of your body breaks off and travels to the lungs. (bidmc.org)
  • In medicine , an embolism occurs when an object (the embolus , plural emboli ) migrates from one part of the body (through circulation ) and cause(s) a blockage (occlusion) of a blood vessel in another part of the body. (bionity.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage in a blood vessel of the lungs. (denverhealth.org)
  • A massive pulmonary embolism refers to a blockage in an artery of the lung, either the primary artery or one of its branches. (wisegeek.com)
  • A massive pulmonary embolism is a blockage of 50% or more in the artery. (wisegeek.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a major blood vessel (artery) in the lung, usually by a blood clot . (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • It is estimated that pulmonary embolism, which is the sudden blockage of an artery in the lung, causes over 100,000 deaths each year in the U.S. (medindia.net)
  • A pulmonary embolism occurs when a part of the clot breaks off and travels to the lungs, a potential life threat. (cdc.gov)
  • A pulmonary embolism -an obstruction of blood flow to the lungs by an embolus in the pulmonary artery or in one of its branches-results in difficulty in breathing and an unpleasant sensation beneath the breastbone, similar to that experienced in angina pectoris . (britannica.com)
  • In a pulmonary embolism, the embolus, forms in one part of the body, it circulates throughout the blood supply, and then it blocks the blood flowing through a vessel in another part of the body, namely the lungs. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism occurs when an embolus, usually a blood clot, blocks the blood flowing through an artery that feeds the lungs. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism (EM buh liz um) is a blood clot in the large blood vessels in the lungs. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • He was diagnosed with a pulmonary embolism, which occurs when a blood clot in the extremities breaks away and travels to the lungs. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot ( deep vein thrombosis ) travels through the veins and enters the heart, becoming trapped in the pulmonary artery that exits the heart to carry blood to the lungs . (medicinenet.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism (PE) usually happens when a blood clot called a deep vein thrombosis ( DVT ), often in your leg, travels to your lungs and blocks a blood vessel. (webmd.com)
  • Should the clots dislodge and travel to the lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism, death is a possible consequence as in the case of Jerome Kersey. (prweb.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is caused by blood clots that travel through the blood stream to the lungs and block a pulmonary artery. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In most cases, pulmonary embolism is caused by blood clots that travel to the lungs from deep veins in the legs or, rarely, from veins in other parts of the body (deep vein thrombosis). (mayoclinic.org)
  • Because the clots block blood flow to the lungs, pulmonary embolism can be life-threatening. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Pulmonary embolism occurs when a clump of material, most often a blood clot, gets wedged into an artery in your lungs. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Pulmonary embolism happens when one or more of your arteries in your lungs gets blocked by a blood clot, fat or tumour. (lung.ca)
  • By far the most common form of pulmonary embolism is a thromboembolism, which occurs when a blood clot, generally a venous thrombus, becomes dislodged from its site of formation and embolizes to the arterial blood supply of one of the lungs. (dailystrength.org)
  • If the clot breaks off, it may travel to the lungs, forming a pulmonary embolism (PE) which is a potentially life-threatening condition. (medindia.net)
  • Pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when blood clots in the deep veins (DVT) break free, travel through the circulatory system to the lungs, and lodge in a main artery or arteries, blocking blood flow. (agingresearch.org)
  • The 46-year-old singer whose real name is Charlene Keys is reportedly suffering from blood clots in her lungs (pulmonary embolism). (sandrarose.com)
  • Miami Heat center Chris Bosh will miss the rest of the NBA season after he was diagnosed with Pulmonary Embolism (blood clots in his lungs). (sandrarose.com)
  • A relatively large amount of amniotic fluid is not supposed to be in the maternal circulation and it acts like a pulmonary embolism -- if it goes to the lungs it can cause an immediate reaction from a mechanical obstruction perspective. (go.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is often caused by a blood clot that forms somewhere else in the body, travels to the lungs and gets stuck there. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a clot of material (an embolus ) that blocks blood from getting to the lungs . (wikipedia.org)
  • Doctors in the Emergency Department discovered a blood clot that had traveled to Albright's lungs, a condition known as a pulmonary embolism . (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • A pulmonary embolism causes the lungs to contract and lose volume. (livestrong.com)
  • lungs, creating a pulmonary embolism . (everydayhealth.com)
  • In most cases, pulmonary embolism is caused by a blood clot in the leg that breaks loose and travels to the lungs. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism is caused by a blocked artery in the lungs. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • A new study has found that using filters to prevent blood clots passing from veins in the legs to arteries of the lungs may not prevent the deaths of patients with pulmonary embolism. (medindia.net)
  • A pulmonary embolism usually travels from the deep veins of the legs, due to a condition called deep vein thrombosis , up to the arteries of the lungs where it can block blood flow and cause damage to the lungs, cause low oxygen levels in the blood and as a result, damage to other organs in the body. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Pulmonary embolism is an obstruction in one of several pulmonary veins inside the lungs. (rebates.com)
  • Generally, pulmonary embolism is triggered by thrombus (blood clots) which stream to the lungs from the lower limbs (legs) or, seldom, other body arts (deep vein thrombosis). (rebates.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism happens when a heap of material, usually a blood clot, becomes wedged inside an artery in the lungs. (rebates.com)
  • Acute pulmonary embolism. (nih.gov)
  • The European Society of Cardiology Guidelines on acute pulmonary embolism are published online today in European Heart Journal, and on the ESC website. (news-medical.net)
  • The value of echocardiography in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism. (google.com)
  • Clinical course and prognosis of acute pulmonary embolism. (google.com)
  • Sleep-disordered breathing in deep vein thrombosis and acute pulmonary embolism. (medscape.com)
  • Clinical characteristics of patients with acute pulmonary embolism: data from PIOPED II. (medscape.com)
  • Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a form of venous thromboembolism (VTE) that is common and sometimes fatal. (uptodate.com)
  • See 'Clinical presentation, evaluation, and diagnosis of the nonpregnant adult with suspected acute pulmonary embolism' and 'Treatment, prognosis, and follow-up of acute pulmonary embolism in adults' . (uptodate.com)
  • Thrombolysis for acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a debatable indication because inadequate data exist to provide definitive management guidelines. (ahajournals.org)
  • Acute pulmonary embolism is a potentially life-threatening disease with short-term mortality ranges from less than 1% to more than 30% during the hospital stay. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To investigate PK and coagulating and fibrinolytic parameter profiles (PD) at the approved dose (13,750 - 27,500 IU/kg) in patients with acute pulmonary embolism accompanying hemodynamic i. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Navigating the Pulmonary Perfusion Map: Dual-Energy Computed Tomography in Acute Pulmonary Embolism. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism is the third most common acute cardiovascular disease. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Portable cardiopulmonary bypass affords the possibility of survival in moribund patients with acute massive pulmonary embolism. (nih.gov)
  • Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and potentially deadly disease, which occur when arteries become blocked, PE is part of a family of diseases that occur when veins become blocked. (thedoctorwillseeyounow.com)
  • Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and potentially deadly disease. (thedoctorwillseeyounow.com)
  • Consecutive patients with spiral CT scan positive for acute pulmonary embolism and with transthoracic echocardiography ± 6 hours from spiral CT scan and baseline troponin levels evaluation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We report a newborn with cerebral air embolism, its acute management, and neurodevelopment outcome at 4 months. (indianpediatrics.net)
  • Also on the differential is acute pulmonary embolism, for which heparin would be indicated, is unlikely in this scenario. (epmonthly.com)
  • Finally, nitroglycerin infusion (Choice C) is indicated for acute congestive heart failure, but is not helpful for ARDS or fat embolism syndrome. (epmonthly.com)
  • Trends in the incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a 25-year population-based study. (medscape.com)
  • The Surgeon General's call to action to prevent deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. (uptodate.com)
  • Tapson has authored and co-authored more than 220 articles in peer-reviewed journals on his research on pulmonary vascular disease, including pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary hypertension , and is considered a leading expert in the field. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Sheasgreen J, Terry T, Mackey JR. Large-volume air embolism as a complication of augmented computed tomography: case report. (medscape.com)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a pregnancy complication that causes life-threatening conditions, such as heart failure. (healthline.com)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is an extremely rare, but life-threatening complication that affects pregnant women shortly before, during, or immediately following labor and childbirth. (rarediseases.org)
  • Introduction Pulmonary Embolism (PE), the most serious complication of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), is a relatively common and potentially fatal disease. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Treatment goals for deep venous thrombosis include stopping clot propagation and preventing the recurrence of thrombus, the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, and the development of pulmonary hypertension, which can be a complication of multiple recurrent pulmonary emboli. (aafp.org)
  • Risk factors for the formation of the blood clot (thrombus) that travels to the lung (pulmonary embolism) include prolonged immobilization, including bed rest, certain medications, including birth control pills , smoking , genetic predisposition to blood clotting, an increased number of red blood cells ( polycythemia ), cancer , surgery, or damage to blood vessel walls. (medicinenet.com)
  • It may be presumed in the presence of arterial embolism with no evidence of left-side circulation thrombus, deep venous thrombosis (DVT) with or without pulmonary embolism (PE), and right-to-left shunting through an intracardiac communication, commonly the PFO. (medscape.com)
  • Risk factors for the blood clot (thrombus) that travels to the lung (pulmonary embolism ) include prolonged immobilization, medications, including birth control pills , smoking , genetic predisposition, an increased number of red blood cells ( polycythemia ), cancer , pregnancy , surgery, or damage to blood vessel walls. (medicinenet.com)
  • Thromboembolism - embolism of thrombus or blood clot. (bionity.com)
  • Although tPA (Choice E) and heparin infusion (Choice B) are enticing options, the pathophysiology of fat embolism and thrombus embolism are sufficiently different that the two entities cannot be treated the same. (epmonthly.com)
  • Less commonly, other substances can enter the circulation and cause a pulmonary embolism, including amniotic fluid , fat cells (from a broken thigh bone), or cancer cells. (medicinenet.com)
  • When the clot travels from the site where it formed to another location in the body, it is called an embolism. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot, usually originating in a vein in the upper thigh, that breaks loose and travels to a lung. (latimes.com)
  • Classically, a person develops a pulmonary embolism when he or she has risk factors for the problem - including pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives, clotting problems and obesity - and then remains sedentary for a period of time, allowing blood to stagnate in the leg and form a clot. (latimes.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a clot that lodges in the lung but originated elsewhere in the body. (go.com)
  • for instance a pulmonary embolism is classified as an arterial embolism as well, in the sense that the clot follows the pulmonary artery carrying deoxygenated blood away from the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery. (medicinenet.com)
  • It was recently reported the Jerome Kersey, a former NBA play, died from a blood clot that traveled from his leg, lodged in his lung and caused a pulmonary embolism. (prweb.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that usually starts in the lower leg. (tennessean.com)
  • An arterial embolism is a blood clot that has travelled through your arteries and become stuck. (healthline.com)
  • A single clot can cause more than one embolism. (healthline.com)
  • Embolism treatment depends on the size and location of the clot. (healthline.com)
  • Your recovery will depend on how long you've had the embolism, the location of the clot, and the severity. (healthline.com)
  • An embolism occurs when a blood clot or piece of fatty plaque breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in a blood vessel and blocks blood flow. (heart.org)
  • An embolism is an obstruction in a blood vessel due to a blood clot or other foreign matter that gets stuck while traveling through the bloodstream. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism occurs when a deep vein blood clot (thrombosis) breaks free and implants in the lung. (runnersworld.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot gets lodged in an artery in the lung, blocking blood flow to part of the lung. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The most common type of pulmonary embolism is caused by a blood clot that moves through your blood stream, goes through your heart and blocks off an artery in your lung. (lung.ca)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a formed clot which migrates from your venous system to your lung. (druginfonet.com)
  • Barbara Dawson, 57, later died of a pulmonary embolism (blood clot in her lung). (sandrarose.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism (PE), in which a blood clot blocks blood flow in the lung's arteries, usually results from a clot that traveled to the lung from elsewhere in the body, typically from the veins of the leg. (time.com)
  • A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the lung. (cardiosmart.org)
  • In most cases, a pulmonary embolism is caused by a blood clot that originates in the legs and travels through the arteries to the lung. (wisegeek.com)
  • Autopsy showed bulky fresh pulmonary emboli, a left temporo-frontal infarct (due to paradoxical embolism) and the clot shown in the specimen - caught between right and left atria lying in the patent foramen ovale. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Cerebral thrombosis or embolism is the formation of a blood clot in an artery that supplies blood to the brain. (drugs.com)
  • An embolism is a clot, usually of blood, that can travel throughout the body. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Mechanical and enzymatic thrombolysis for massive pulmonary embolism. (nih.gov)
  • 3 Thrombolysis, catheter embolectomy and open surgery are treatment options for massive pulmonary embolism (including cases in which sustained hypotension and right ventricular dysfunction are present) or for submassive pulmonary embolism (in the context of right ventricular strain and no sustained hypotension). (cmaj.ca)
  • What Is Massive Pulmonary Embolism? (wisegeek.com)
  • Unfortunately a common occurrence in cancer patients, bedridden patients and other people with complications, a massive pulmonary embolism has the potential to occur in even healthy adults. (wisegeek.com)
  • Treatment of a massive pulmonary embolism can require surgery in very severe cases. (wisegeek.com)
  • His early research in the area of venous thromboembolism included laboratory studies and clinical trials of drugs to treat massive pulmonary embolism. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Elder and his team have treated more than 250 patients the past two years for massive pulmonary embolisms. (crainsdetroit.com)
  • Thousands of people have died over the years from what originally was believed to be a heart attack when the actual cause was a massive pulmonary embolism, said Mahir Elder, M.D., a top interventional cardiologist at Detroit Medical Center 's Cardiovascular Institute who has developed a new diagnostic check for these serious kinds of emergency cases. (crainsdetroit.com)
  • In the nation's largest study of its kind, Elder and his Pulmonary Embolism Response Team (PERT) - also called the Clotbusters - have treated more than 250 patients the past two years for massive pulmonary embolisms with a lifesaving rate greater than 90 percent, far higher than the 42 percent save rate documented in other studies where patients received the blood-thinning drugs tPA or heparin. (crainsdetroit.com)
  • Elder said reviews of national registries of unexplained deaths have shown that thousands of deaths were caused by massive pulmonary embolisms. (crainsdetroit.com)
  • Embolism in a coronary artery , which supplies blood to the heart muscle, can cause a number of serious effects, including death of a section of the heart muscle ( myocardial infarction , or heart attack ). (britannica.com)
  • In a pulmonary embolism, a common illness, blood flow is blocked at a pulmonary artery. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Several hospitals including Beijing Xiehe Hospital of China Xiehe Medical University have diagnosed him with pulmonary embolism, lung infarction, hepatitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, diffuse liver damage, vascular thrombosis of the lower extremities, and heart and pulmonary artery high-pressure syndrome. (theepochtimes.com)
  • Pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when these clots break away and block the pulmonary artery. (medindia.net)
  • This resulted in significant clearance of the "saddle" embolism from the main pulmonary artery, as determined by transoesophageal echocardiography. (mja.com.au)
  • With the pigtail catheter, the embolism was mechanically cleared from the main pulmonary artery. (mja.com.au)
  • A pulmonary angiogram then showed extensive embolism in the left main pulmonary artery, extending into several lower lobe segmental arteries ( Box 1 B). The pigtail catheter was used to macerate this embolism. (mja.com.au)
  • Nevertheless, fragmentation of the embolism and clearance of the main pulmonary artery and left pulmonary artery was achieved. (mja.com.au)
  • The disastrous entry of amniotic fluid into the maternal circulation leads to dramatic sequelae of clinical events, characteristically referred to as Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Despite its rare occurrence, the syndrome of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is well-known to anesthesiologists. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare but serious condition that occurs when amniotic fluid - the fluid that surrounds a baby in the uterus during pregnancy - or fetal material, such as fetal cells, enters the mother's bloodstream. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is most likely to occur during delivery or in the immediate postpartum period. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is difficult to diagnose. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism might develop suddenly and rapidly. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism occurs when amniotic fluid or fetal material enters the mother's bloodstream. (mayoclinic.org)
  • However, amniotic fluid embolisms are rare - and it's likely that some amniotic fluid commonly enters the mother's bloodstream during delivery without causing problems. (mayoclinic.org)
  • It's not clear why in some mothers this leads to amniotic fluid embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • It's estimated that there are between one and 12 cases of amniotic fluid embolism for every 100,000 deliveries. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Because amniotic fluid embolisms are rare, it's difficult to identify risk factors. (mayoclinic.org)
  • If you're 35 or older at the time of your child's birth, you might be at increased risk of amniotic fluid embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Abnormalities in the placenta - the structure that develops in your uterus during pregnancy - might increase your risk of amniotic fluid embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Limited research suggests that certain labor induction methods are associated with an increased risk of amniotic fluid embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Having a C-section, a forceps delivery or a vacuum extraction might increase your risk of amniotic fluid embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • It's not clear, however, whether operative deliveries are true risk factors for amniotic fluid embolism because they're used after the condition develops to ensure a rapid delivery. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Having too much amniotic fluid around your baby may put you at risk of amniotic fluid embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism - embolism of amniotic fluid, fetal cells, hair or other debris that enter the mother's blood stream via the placental bed of the uterus and trigger an allergic reaction. (bionity.com)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is unpredictable and no risk factors have been identified. (rarediseases.org)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is a medical emergency that develops suddenly and rapidly and can be fatal. (rarediseases.org)
  • In rare instances, severe bleeding (hemorrhaging) may be the first sign of amniotic fluid embolism. (rarediseases.org)
  • Amniotic fluid embolism is a condition that occurs because there is systemic reaction similar to that found in an allergic response to amniotic fluid or fetal cells or fetal tissue debris by the pregnant mother. (rarediseases.org)
  • Cottam suffered a rare, but extremely dangerous event in childbirth -- an amniotic fluid embolism, which occurs only in about 1 in 10,000 pregnancies. (go.com)
  • Amniotic fluid contains fetal cells and hair and maybe a fingernail, but it's a stretch to say it caused the embolism," Druzin said. (go.com)
  • Cyanosis is a major warning sign of a pulmonary embolism in which the fingertips and lips begin to turn blue. (wisegeek.com)
  • An arterial embolism may be caused by one or more clots. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Blood clots can lead to pulmonary embolism. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • If these people are susceptible to blood clots and the possibility of even more dangerous conditions, the average person should be aware of the dangers that can come from blood clots, DVT and pulmonary embolisms. (prweb.com)
  • Furthermore, cholesterol embolism may develop after the commencement of anticoagulants or thrombolytic medication that decrease blood clotting or dissolve blood clots, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taking measures to prevent blood clots in your legs will help protect you against pulmonary embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • In many cases, multiple clots are involved in pulmonary embolism. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Although anyone can develop blood clots and subsequent pulmonary embolism, certain factors can increase your risk. (mayoclinic.org)
  • You're at higher risk if you or any of your family members have had venous blood clots or pulmonary embolism in the past. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Most pulmonary embolisms are caused from clots originating in the lower extremities (deep vein thrombosis), and many resolve on their own. (lung.ca)
  • About 90% of pulmonary embolisms are caused by clots that originally form in the large veins deep within the leg, a condition called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). (time.com)
  • A family history of blood clots or pulmonary embolism puts you at increased risk. (time.com)
  • But having blood clots in deep veins ( deep vein thrombosis ) can lead to pulmonary embolism. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • Anything that makes you more likely to form blood clots increases your risk of pulmonary embolism. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • You can reduce your risk of pulmonary embolism by doing things that help prevent blood clots in your legs. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • Almost all blood clots that cause pulmonary embolism are formed in the deep leg veins . (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • Having certain conditions can make you more likely to develop pulmonary embolism. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Fat Embolism Syndrome: Fact or Myth? (springer.com)
  • Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is thought to occur most commonly in patients who suffer severe trauma and orthopedic injuries and may be associated with potentially life-threatening pulmonary complications. (springer.com)
  • However, despite its original description hundreds of years ago, it remains a difficult diagnosis to establish and the process by which a fat embolism leads to the clinical syndrome of FES is poorly understood. (springer.com)
  • Despite advances in diagnostic techniques and increased understanding of the pathologic processes that lead to fat embolization, the clinical correlate, known as fat embolism syndrome (FES), remains poorly understood. (springer.com)
  • Identifying a clear cause-and-effect relationship between fat embolism and the development of the clinical syndrome has been difficult and remains controversial. (springer.com)
  • Kapoor T, Gutierrez G. Air embolism as a cause of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome: a case report. (medscape.com)
  • See 'Pulmonary tumor embolism and lymphangitic carcinomatosis in adults: Diagnostic evaluation and management' and 'Air embolism' and 'Fat embolism syndrome' . (uptodate.com)
  • Shaikh N. Emergency management of fat embolism syndrome. (gpnotebook.co.uk)
  • Fat embolism syndrome - the medical name for the condition - is very rare. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • 1 VTE affects hospitalized and nonhospitalized patients, is often overlooked, and results in long-term complications including postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) for DVT, postpulmonary embolism syndrome and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension for PE, and death. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • Nothing beyond supportive care has shown benefit in fat embolism syndrome. (epmonthly.com)
  • The primary aim of the study is to assess the accuracy of spiral CT scan to detect right ventricular dysfunction as compared to current 'gold standard'in patients with pulmonary embolism. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Sudden death due to pulmonary embolism as presenting symptom of renal tumors. (medscape.com)
  • If not treated promptly, pulmonary embolism may lead to sudden death. (medicinenet.com)
  • However in some cases, pulmonary embolism can cause sudden death. (lung.ca)
  • Air embolism should be considered as differential diagnosis of sudden unexplained cardiac deterioration in well neonate. (indianpediatrics.net)
  • The clinical manifestations of paradoxical embolism (PDE) are nonspecific, and the diagnosis is difficult to establish. (medscape.com)
  • Tennis player Serena Williams received emergency treatment at a Los Angeles hospital earlier this week for complications of a pulmonary embolism, according to a representative. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The Fig. 3 below shows an estimation of possible additional costs as a consequence of complications caused by air embolism. (bbraun.com)
  • Management of massive and submassive pulmonary embolism, iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis, and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. (medscape.com)
  • The first step Elder needed was to develop the massive/submassive pulmonary embolism guidelines for the ER physicians to use in screening patients. (crainsdetroit.com)
  • In an accompanying editorial, James Douketis, MD, and Alfonso Iorio, MD, of McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, put the increased risk into perspective, noting that the absolute risk increase among the least active -- seven additional cases per 10,000 person-years -- was slightly higher than the three to five additional cases of pulmonary embolism in users of oral contraceptives. (medpagetoday.com)
  • During the study period, there were 268 incident cases of pulmonary embolism (0.4%) that were not related to surgery, major trauma, or active malignancy. (medpagetoday.com)
  • How Do Doctors Diagnose a Pulmonary Embolism? (webmd.com)
  • A number of measures can reduce the risk of a pulmonary embolism. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People who take long airplane trips and car rides are at risk for pulmonary embolism. (latimes.com)
  • Imai S, Tamada T, Gyoten M, Yamashita T, Kajihara Y. Iatrogenic venous air embolism caused by CT injector--from a risk management point of view. (medscape.com)
  • Treatment of an identified DVT should begin immediately to reduce the risk of an embolism. (prweb.com)
  • Furthermore, according to Annals of internal medicine study in 2013, 25% of all superficial phlebitis is associated with a deep phlebitis or DVT and 2% risk of Pulmonary Embolism PE. (prweb.com)
  • In cases of septic thrombosis the patients run a definite risk from pulmonary embolism . (dictionary.com)
  • These patients are at a much higher risk of dying from their pulmonary embolism and warrant special care by being monitored in the intensive care unit under a multidisciplinary team. (tennessean.com)
  • Prevention is the best treatment for pulmonary embolism, which can be accomplished by minimizing the risk factors for deep vein thrombosis ( DVT ). (medicinenet.com)
  • Who is at risk for an arterial embolism? (healthline.com)
  • A variety of lifestyle factors can increase your risk of developing an arterial embolism. (healthline.com)
  • Certain risk factors may increase your likelihood of developing a pulmonary embolism. (wikihow.com)
  • I do not think that there is a unique increase in risk for pulmonary embolism in long term runners like the risk of repeated concussion in football players. (runnersworld.com)
  • According to researchers from France, the number of miles you fly affects your risk of pulmonary embolism. (medindia.net)
  • A sedentary lifestyle appears to increase the risk of pulmonary embolism among middle-age women, an analysis of the Nurses' Health Study showed. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Explain that women who sat for more than 40 hours per week had double the risk of developing a pulmonary embolism than those who were sedentary for less time, according to the Nurses' Health Study. (medpagetoday.com)
  • After adjusting for numerous potential confounders, physical inactivity was associated with more than double the risk of pulmonary embolism (HR 2.34, 95% CI 1.30 to 4.20), the researchers reported online in BMJ . (medpagetoday.com)
  • Previous studies looking at the association between levels of physical activity -- and inactivity -- and pulmonary embolism have yielded mixed results, with both increased and decreased risk associated with exercise. (medpagetoday.com)
  • There was no association, however, between overall physical activity levels and the risk of pulmonary embolism ( P =0.53 for trend). (medpagetoday.com)
  • GLENVIEW, IL, Dec. 7, 2016 - Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major risk for patients suffering from venous thromboembolism (VTE) and can often be fatal. (eurekalert.org)
  • There is growing evidence from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that obstructive sleep apnea is a risk factor for pulmonary embolism," explained lead investigator Alberto Alonso-Fernández, MD, PhD, Hospital Universitario Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. (eurekalert.org)
  • Hormone replacement therapy and some birth control pills can increase the risk of pulmonary embolism. (time.com)
  • Combinations of gravity infusion and pump driven infusion in parallel bears the risk of air embolism, when gravity infusion runs dry. (bbraun.com)
  • For the placement of a peripheral cannula, the risk of air embolism can be reduced by ensuring that the selected arm of the patient is kept below the level of the heart during the insertion or removal procedure. (bbraun.com)
  • This minimizes the risk of air embolism (Fig. 4). (bbraun.com)
  • Over‐investigation of low‐risk patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) represents a growing problem. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • There are many risk factors that make it more likely for a person to get a pulmonary embolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antipsychotic exposure significantly increases the risk of pulmonary embolism. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • What increases your risk of pulmonary embolism? (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • This helps the doctor decide if you are at high risk for pulmonary embolism. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • It's important to talk with your doctor if you have any circulatory concerns or have certain risk factors for pulmonary embolism. (mainlinehealth.org)
  • Although anyone can have pulmonary embolism and acquire DVT (deep vein thrombosis) factors such as immobility and surgery maximize your risk. (rebates.com)
  • Arterial embolism requires prompt treatment at a hospital. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Oral rivaroxaban for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary embolism. (medscape.com)
  • A representative for Serena Williams told reporters Wednesday that the tennis star was receiving treatment for a pulmonary embolism she suffered last week. (latimes.com)
  • Diagnosis and treatment of vascular air embolism. (medscape.com)
  • van Hulst RA, Klein J, Lachmann B. Gas embolism: pathophysiology and treatment. (medscape.com)
  • Anticoagulation medication is the treatment for pulmonary embolism, and the patient may be required to continue treatment for a minimum of 3 to 6 months. (medicinenet.com)
  • Our expert cardiologists, along with our cardiac and vascular surgeons, offer prompt care and treatment for pulmonary embolism. (bidmc.org)
  • If you think you have a pulmonary embolism it is important to get medical treatment right away. (lung.ca)
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of the long-term treatment of pulmonary embolism with tinzaparin compared to oral anticoagulants. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To prevent air embolism and ensure safe patient treatment it is important to combine various strategies and actions in different processes. (bbraun.com)
  • Most people who are killed by pulmonary embolisms die within the first few hours of the event, making treatment especially time-critical. (wisegeek.com)
  • In order to carry out the Cooperative Investigation Plan for home treatment of pulmonary embolism, a network of multidisciplinary groups was built with the participation of 10 groups, distributed in 6 different regions and integrated within the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • After treatment of pulmonary embolism, a physician may approve an exercise regimen. (livestrong.com)
  • Guidelines published by the American Society of Hematology in 2020 conditionally recommend home treatment over hospitalization for people with uncomplicated pulmonary embolism. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Treatment of fat embolism is generally supportive, and most patients recover without serious sequelae. (epmonthly.com)
  • Treatment of ARDS in the setting of pulmonary fat embolism is the same as in any other circumstance of ARDS, including lung protective ventilation, elevated head of bed, and diuresis as tolerated. (epmonthly.com)
  • There are different types of embolism, some of which are listed below. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was not until the 1920s, however, that the first attempts were made to describe the pathophysiology of fat embolism. (springer.com)
  • A fat embolism is the presence of fat within vascular structures. (springer.com)
  • The most common source of a pulmonary embolism is deep vein thrombosis in the leg, according to Dr. Mark Adelman, Chief of Vascular Surgery at NYU Langone Medical Center. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Vascular air embolism is the entrainment of air (or exogenously delivered gas) from the operative field or other communications with the environment into the venous or arterial vasculature, producing systemic effects. (bbraun.com)
  • Vascular air embolism (VAE) is rare but potentially lethal condition, and survival is rarely reported in newborn. (indianpediatrics.net)
  • Hello, My husband has been diagnosed w/a saddle pulmonary embolism. (medhelp.org)
  • Mahir Elder in DMC's Heart Hospital cath lab during a procedure to prevent pulmonary embolism death. (crainsdetroit.com)
  • 1 About a third of these patients will have symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE), which is associated with a mortality rate of about 30% if left untreated. (mja.com.au)
  • Platz E. Tangential gunshot wound to the chest causing venous air embolism: a case report and review. (medscape.com)
  • After leaving the hospital, Chen Wenfu visited a national respiratory expert, Lei Zhenzhi, and was diagnosed with "chest stuffiness and shortness of breath associated with pulmonary embolism. (theepochtimes.com)
  • 2 Dyspnea, chest pain, cough and diaphoresis may be early findings of pulmonary embolism. (cmaj.ca)
  • Pulmonary Embolism -- First Event - can pulmonar embolism be caused by chest traumas? (drugs.com)