Large mammals in the family Elephantidae, with columnar limbs, bulky bodies, and elongated snouts. They are the only surviving members of the PROBOSCIDEA MAMMALS.
An extinct genus of large mammals in the family Mammutidae, that fed by browsing on tall plants. Eurasian species died out three million years ago, but some specimens of the American Mastodon survived the last Ice Age.
The geographical area of Africa comprising CAMEROON; CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC; CHAD; CONGO; EQUATORIAL GUINEA; GABON; and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO.
Any of certain small mammals of the order Hyracoidea.
An extinct genus of large mammals in the family Elephantidae that fed by grazing on low vegetation. Most died out at the end of the last ice age.
A genus of the order Sirenia comprising what are commonly called manatees. The distinguishing characteristics include a tail that is not notched, a short nasal cavity, the absence of nasal bones, and enamel-covered teeth. Members of this genus are found in marine bays and/or sluggish rivers, usually in turbid water. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)
Measurement of the OSMOLARITY of solutions or BODY FLUIDS.
An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.
A republic in central Africa lying between GABON and DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and south of Cameroon. Its capital is Brazzaville.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.
The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.
A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An indicator and reagent. It has been used for several purposes including the determination of serum albumin concentrations
Rhodopsins found in the PURPLE MEMBRANE of halophilic archaea such as HALOBACTERIUM HALOBIUM. Bacteriorhodopsins function as an energy transducers, converting light energy into electrochemical energy via PROTON PUMPS.
A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE whose growth requires a high concentration of salt. Binary fission is by constriction.
A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Nerves and plexuses of the autonomic nervous system. The central nervous system structures which regulate the autonomic nervous system are not included.
The small mass of modified cardiac muscle fibers located at the junction of the superior vena cava (VENA CAVA, SUPERIOR) and right atrium. Contraction impulses probably start in this node, spread over the atrium (HEART ATRIUM) and are then transmitted by the atrioventricular bundle (BUNDLE OF HIS) to the ventricle (HEART VENTRICLE).
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A carcinoma discovered by Dr. Margaret R. Lewis of the Wistar Institute in 1951. This tumor originated spontaneously as a carcinoma of the lung of a C57BL mouse. The tumor does not appear to be grossly hemorrhagic and the majority of the tumor tissue is a semifirm homogeneous mass. (From Cancer Chemother Rep 2 1972 Nov;(3)1:325) It is also called 3LL and LLC and is used as a transplantable malignancy.
The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.
A technique for visualizing CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS using fluorescently labeled DNA probes which are hybridized to chromosomal DNA. Multiple fluorochromes may be attached to the probes. Upon hybridization, this produces a multicolored, or painted, effect with a unique color at each site of hybridization. This technique may also be used to identify cross-species homology by labeling probes from one species for hybridization with chromosomes from another species.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A religion founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866 that was organized under the official name of the Church of Christ, Scientist. It includes the practice of spiritual healing.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Process in which the mechanisms of projection or displacement are utilized in focusing feelings of aggression, hostility, frustration, etc., upon another individual or group; the amount of blame being unwarranted.

Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. (1/309)

A highly fatal hemorrhagic disease has been identified in 10 young Asian and African elephants at North American zoos. In the affected animals there was ultrastructural evidence for herpesvirus-like particles in endothelial cells of the heart, liver, and tongue. Consensus primer polymerase chain reaction combined with sequencing yielded molecular evidence that confirmed the presence of two novel but related herpesviruses associated with the disease, one in Asian elephants and another in African elephants. Otherwise healthy African elephants with external herpetic lesions yielded herpesvirus sequences identical to that found in Asian elephants with endothelial disease. This finding suggests that the Asian elephant deaths were caused by cross-species infection with a herpesvirus that is naturally latent in, but normally not lethal to, African elephants. A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease.  (+info)

The developing renal, reproductive, and respiratory systems of the African elephant suggest an aquatic ancestry. (2/309)

The early embryology of the elephant has never been studied before. We have obtained a rare series of African elephant (Loxodonta africana) embryos and fetuses ranging in weight from 0.04 to 18.5 g, estimated gestational ages 58-166 days (duration of gestation is approximately 660 days). Nephrostomes, a feature of aquatic vertebrates, were found in the mesonephric kidneys at all stages of development whereas they have never been recorded in the mesonephric kidneys of other viviparous mammals. The trunk was well developed even in the earliest fetus. The testes were intra-abdominal, and there was no evidence of a gubernaculum, pampiniform plexus, processus vaginalis, or a scrotum, confirming that the elephant, like the dugong, is one of the few primary testicond mammals. The palaeontological evidence suggests that the elephant's ancestors were aquatic, and recent immunological and molecular evidence shows an extremely close affinity between present-day elephants and the aquatic Sirenia (dugong and manatees). The evidence from our embryological study of the elephant also suggests that it evolved from an aquatic mammal.  (+info)

What determines the bending strength of compact bone? (3/309)

The bending strength of a wide variety of bony types is shown to be nearly linearly proportional to Young's modulus of elasticity/100. A somewhat closer and more satisfactory fit is obtained if account is taken of the variation of yield strain with Young's modulus. This finding strongly suggests that bending strength is determined by the yield strain. The yield stress in tension, which might be expected to predict the bending strength, underestimates the true bending strength by approximately 40 %. This may be explained by two phenomena. (1) The post-yield deformation of the bone material allows a greater bending moment to be exerted after the yield point has been reached, thereby increasing the strength as calculated from beam formulae. (2) Loading in bending results in a much smaller proportion of the volume of the specimens being raised to high stresses than is the case in tension, and this reduces the likelihood of a weak part of the specimen being loaded to failure.  (+info)

Hormone secretion in the asian elephant (Elephas maximus): characterization of ovulatory and anovulatory luteinizing hormone surges. (4/309)

In the elephant, two distinct LH surges occur 3 wk apart during the nonluteal phase of the estrous cycle, but only the second surge (ovLH) induces ovulation. The function of the first, anovulatory surge (anLH) is unknown, nor is it clear what regulates the timing of these two surges. To further study this observation in the Asian elephant, serum concentrations of LH, FSH, progesterone, inhibin, estradiol, and prolactin were quantified throughout the estrous cycle to establish temporal hormonal relationships. To examine long-term dynamics of hormone secretion, analyses were conducted in weekly blood samples collected from 3 Asian elephants for up to 3 yr. To determine whether differences existed in secretory patterns between the anLH and ovLH surges, daily blood samples were analyzed from 21 nonluteal-phase periods from 7 Asian elephants. During the nonluteal phase, serum LH was elevated for 1-2 days during anLH and ovLH surges with no differences in peak concentration between the two surges. The anLH surge occurred 19.9+/-1.2 days after the end of the luteal phase and was followed by the ovLH surge 20.8+/-0.5 days later. Serum FSH concentrations were highest at the beginning of the nonluteal phase and gradually declined to nadir concentrations within 4 days of the ovLH surge. FSH remained low until after the ovLH surge and then increased during the luteal phase. Serum inhibin concentrations were negatively correlated with FSH during the nonluteal phase (r = -0.53). Concentrations of estradiol and prolactin fluctuated throughout the estrous cycle with no discernible patterns evident. In sum, there were no clear differences in associated hormone secretory patterns between the anLH and ovLH surge. However, elevated FSH at the beginning of the nonluteal phase may be important for follicle recruitment, with the first anLH surge acting to complete the follicle selection process before ovulation.  (+info)

Restriction endonuclease analysis using Hhal and Hpall to discriminate among group B Pasteurella multocida associated with haemorrhagic septicaemia. (5/309)

The purpose of this study was to improve and standardise restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) for discriminating isolates of serogroup B Pasteurella multocida associated with haemorrhagic septicaemia in wild and domestic animals and to create a reference database that can be used for epidemiological studies. Two techniques for extraction and isolation of chromosomal DNA were compared, a DNAzol method and an enzymic lysis followed by a two-phase partition method. No differences were observed between DNA fingerprint profiles with either technique; however, the former technique was faster and easier to perform. P. multocida isolated from different animals in different countries representing serotypes B:2, B:3, B:3,4 and B:4 were subjected to REA with HhaI and HpaII endonucleases. Forty-eight fingerprint profiles were distinguished among 222 isolates when only HhaI was used. By combining the data from REA with HhaI and HpaII used separately, 88 different groups could be distinguished among the same isolates. Following digestion with HhaI and electrophoresis, the DNA of all serotype B:2 isolates produced fingerprint profiles characterised by two trailing bands at approximately 8.4-7.1 kb which have not been observed in any other serotypes of P. multocida. Passage of three serotype B:2 isolates on laboratory media or two serotype B:2 isolates through mice did not result in a change of DNA fingerprint profile detectable by REA. The findings with 59 isolates from Sri Lanka showed that REA was highly discriminative in determining the genetic diversity of serotype B:2 P. multocida in an area where haemorrhagic septicaemia is endemic.  (+info)

Mycobacterium elephantis sp. nov., a rapidly growing non-chromogenic Mycobacterium isolated from an elephant. (6/309)

A strain isolated from a lung abscess in an elephant that died from chronic respiratory disease was found to have properties consistent with its classification in the genus Mycobacterium. An almost complete sequence of the 165 rDNA of the strain was determined following the cloning and sequencing of the amplified gene. The sequence was aligned with those available on mycobacteria and phylogenetic trees inferred by using three tree-making algorithms. The organism, which formed a distinct phyletic line within the evolutionary radiation occupied by rapidly growing mycobacteria, was readily distinguished from members of validly described species of rapidly growing mycobacteria on the basis of its mycolic acid pattern and by a number of other phenotypic features, notably its ability to grow at higher temperatures. The type strain is Mycobacterium elephantis DSM 44368T.  (+info)

Genetic and ultrastructural characterization of a European isolate of the fatal endotheliotropic elephant herpesvirus. (7/309)

A male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) died at the Berlin zoological gardens in August 1998 of systemic infection with the novel endotheliotropic elephant herpesvirus (ElHV-1). This virus causes a fatal haemorrhagic disease in Asian elephants, the so-called endothelial inclusion body disease, as reported from North American zoological gardens. In the present work, ElHV-1 was visualized ultrastructurally in affected organ material. Furthermore, a gene block comprising the complete glycoprotein B (gB) and DNA polymerase (DPOL) genes as well as two partial genes was amplified by PCR-based genome walking and sequenced. The gene content and arrangement were similar to those of members of the Betaherpesvirinae. However, phylogenetic analysis with gB and DPOL consistently revealed a very distant relationship to the betaherpesviruses. Therefore, ElHV-1 may be a member of a new genus or even a new herpesvirus subfamily. The sequence information generated was used to set up a nested-PCR assay for diagnosis of suspected cases of endothelial inclusion body disease. Furthermore, it will aid in the development of antibody-based detection methods and of vaccination strategies against this fatal herpesvirus infection in the endangered Asian elephant.  (+info)

Molecular and morphological evidence on the phylogeny of the Elephantidae. (8/309)

The African and Asian elephants and the mammoth diverged ca. 4-6 million years ago and their phylogenetic relationship has been controversial. Morphological studies have suggested a mammoth Asian elephant relationship, while molecular studies have produced conflicting results. We obtained cytochrome b sequences of up to 545 base pairs from five mammoths, 14 Asian and eight African elephants. A high degree of polymorphism is detected within species. With a dugong sequence used as the outgroup, parsimony and maximum-likelihood analyses support a mammoth African elephant clade. As the dugong is a very distant outgroup, we employ likelihood analysis to root the tree with a molecular clock, and use bootstrap and Bayesian analyses to quantify the relative support for different topologies. The analyses support the mammoth African elephant relationship, although other trees cannot be rejected. Ancestral polymorphisms may have resulted in gene trees differing from the species phylogeny Examination of morphological data, especially from primitive fossil members, indicates that some supposed synapomorphies between the mammoth and Asian elephant are variable, others convergent or autapomorphous. A mammoth African elephant relationship is not excluded. Our results highlight the need, in both morphological and molecular phylogenetics, for multiple markers and close attention to within-taxon variation and outgroup selection.  (+info)

Although the development of semen cryopreservation in the African elephants (Loxodonta africana) has been accomplished, effective procedures for cryopreservation of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) spermatozoa have not been established. In the present study, we investigate the freezing methods for conservation of Asian elephant spermatozoa under field conditions and identify the most suitable freezing protocols which provide acceptable post-thaw semen quality. Semen was collected from two Asian elephant bulls (EM1 and EM2, 10 ejaculates from each bull) by manual manipulation and were assessed for volume, pH, sperm cell concentration, and progressive motility. Eight out of 20 ejaculates were of acceptable quality (progressive motility≥60%), and were used for cryopreservation studies. Semen were frozen in TEST+glycerol, TEST+DMSO, HEPT+glycerol, or HEPT+DMSO. The post-thaw progressive sperm motilities were assessed, and sperm cells were stained with PI and FITC-PNA for membrane and acrosomal ...
In recent years, an alarming number of cases of lethal acute hemorrhagic disease have occurred in Asian elephant calves raised in logging camps in Myanmar. To determine whether these deaths were associated with infection by elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV), we conducted diagnostic PCR subtype DNA sequencing analysis on necropsy tissue samples collected from 3 locations. We found that EEHV DNA from 7 PCR loci was present at high levels in all 3 calves and was the same EEHV1A virus type that has been described in North America, Europe, and other parts of Asia. However, when analyzed over 5,610 bp, the strains showed major differences from each other and from all previously characterized EEHV1A strains. We conclude that these 3 elephant calves in Myanmar died from the same herpesvirus disease that has afflicted young Asian elephants in other countries over the past 20 years.
African Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa. They are the largest living terrestrial animals, male African elephants can reach a height of 4 m and weigh 7,000 kg. These animals have several distinctive features, including a long proboscis or trunk used for many purposes, particularly for grasping objects. Their incisors grow into tusks, which serve as tools for moving objects and digging and as weapons for fighting. The elephants large ear flaps help to control the temperature of its body. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs. Elephants are herbivorous and can be found in different habitat...
Adipose tissue (AT) is a dynamic and flexible organ with regulatory roles in physiological functions including metabolism, reproduction and inflammation; secreted adipokines, including leptin, and fatty acids facilitate many of these roles. The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is experiencing serious challenges to optimal reproduction in captivity. The physiological and molecular basis of this impaired fertility remains unknown. AT production of leptin is a crucial molecular link between nutritional status, adiposity and fertility in many species. We propose that leptin has a similar function in the African elephant. African elephant visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) was obtained from both sexes and a range of ages including females with known pregnancy status. RNA was extracted and histological sections created and analyzed by microarray, PCR and immunohistochemistry respectively. Gas-chromatography was used to determine the fatty acid composition of AT. Microarray expression ...
Only male Asian Elephants have tusks, so in areas where poaching for ivory is high, it can lead to highly skewed sex ratios among the surviving population. Elephants are also poached for leather or for their meat.. Another threat peculiar to Asian Elephants is that of trafficking of live animals: elephants are in demand, particularly in the forestry industry and work within the toruism industry. To meet the demand, particularly for young animals for the latter, elephants are seized from the wildin Myanmar and smuggled across the border into Thailand. TRAFFIC first drew attention to this illegal trade in live Asian Elephants in 2008, and followed this up with an in-depth study. The Thai authorities have taken action, with seizures of unregistered and illegally registered elephants from elephant camps and regulations introduced for the compulsory registration of domesticated elephants.. ...
This article describes the treatment of clinical elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) infection in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus; approximately 3 yr old), the dynamics of viral load during the active infection, and genetic analysis of the virus. Treatment included injectable acyclovir (12 mg/kg iv, bid), antibiotic, vitamin, and fluids. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the viral levels in blood, which decreased continuously after initiation of intravenous acyclovir. Low levels of virus were detected in the blood for 2 wk, and the virus was undetectable after 1 mo. No complication was observed during the treatment period. This case report suggests that acyclovir, given parenterally, could potentially enhance survival of clinical EEHV-infected individuals.. ...
2016 Elsevier B.V. Elephant Endotheliotropic Herpesvirus (EEHV) is emerging as a new threat for elephant conservation, since being identified as the cause of seve re, often fatal, haemorrhagic disease in young Asian elephants. To describe positive cases and the molecular relatedness of virus detected in elephants in Thailand, we re-examined all available of EEHV samples occurring in young elephants in Thailand between 2006 and 2014 (n = 24). Results indicated 75% (18/24) of suspected cases were positive for EEHV by semi-nested PCR. Further gene analysis identified these positive cases as EEHV1A (72%, 13/18 cases), EEHV1B (11%, 2/18) and EEHV4 (17%, 3/18). This study is the first to phylogenetically analyse and provide an overview of most of the known EEHV cases that have occurred in Thailand. Positive individuals ranged in age from one to nine years, with no sex association detected, and occurred across geographical locations throughout the country. All individuals, except one, were ...
Based on vegetation types that provide suitable habitat for African elephants, it was estimated that in the early 19th century a maximum of 26,913,000 African elephants might have been present from the Sahel in the north to the Highveld in the south. Decrease of suitable habitat was the major cause for the decline of elephant populations until the 1950s. Hunting African elephants for the ivory trade accelerated the decline from the 1970s onwards. The carrying capacity of remaining suitable habitats was estimated at 8,985,000 elephants at most by 1987.[54] In the 1970s and 1980s, the price for ivory rose, and poaching for ivory increased in particular in Central African range countries where access to elephant habitats was facilitated by logging and petroleum mining industries.[30] Between 1976 and 1980, about 830 t (820 long tons; 910 short tons) raw ivory was exported from Africa to Hong Kong and Japan, equivalent to tusks of about 222,000 African elephants.[55]. The first continental elephant ...
G- and C-banded karyotypes of the two extant species of the mammalian order Proboscidea are presented for the first time. Chromosome complements were 2n = 56 in both |i|Loxodonta africana |/i
Earlier this month, LAN Airlines transported an orphaned herd of nine African elephants between the ages of four and nine years old from Namibia to Mexico, where the animals will find their new home at the African Safari Zoo in Puebla.A statement from the airline says each elephant traveled with ample space and was under the constant care of veterinarians. Just like human passengers, the elephants traveled while awake during their trip on the Boeing 777 freighter, which has the capacity to transport up to 104 tons. Full-grown male African elephants weigh between 10,000 and 13,300 pounds, making them the largest living terrestrial animals on Earth.. ...
Elephants understand humans in a way most other animals don t, according to the latest research from the University of St Andrews. The new study, published October 10, 2013 by Current Biology, found that elephants are the only wild animals to understand human pointing without any training to do so. The researchers, Anna Smet and Professor Richard Byrne from the University s School of Psychology and Neuroscience, set out to test whether African elephants could learn to follow pointing and were surprised to find them responding successfully from the first trial. They said, In our study we found that African elephants spontaneously understand human pointing, without any training to do so. This has shown that the ability to understand pointing is not uniquely human but has also evolved in a lineage of animal very remote from the primates. Elephants are part of an ancient African radiation of animals, including the hyrax, golden mole, aardvark and manatee. Elephants share with humans an elaborate and ...
Elephants understand humans in a way most other animals don t, according to the latest research from the University of St Andrews. The new study, published October 10, 2013 by Current Biology, found that elephants are the only wild animals to understand human pointing without any training to do so. The researchers, Anna Smet and Professor Richard Byrne from the University s School of Psychology and Neuroscience, set out to test whether African elephants could learn to follow pointing and were surprised to find them responding successfully from the first trial. They said, In our study we found that African elephants spontaneously understand human pointing, without any training to do so. This has shown that the ability to understand pointing is not uniquely human but has also evolved in a lineage of animal very remote from the primates. Elephants are part of an ancient African radiation of animals, including the hyrax, golden mole, aardvark and manatee. Elephants share with humans an elaborate and ...
1EMY: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ASIAN ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) CYANO-MET MYOGLOBIN AT 1.78 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION. PHE 29 (B10) ACCOUNTS FOR ITS UNUSUAL LIGAND BINDING PROPERTIES
PARIS (AFP) -- African elephants have an excellent ear for imitation, say biologists who have recorded tuskers copying the roar of passing trucks and the chirpy sounds of zoo stablemates. Mlaika, a 10-year-old adolescent female elephant living among semi-captive orphaned elephants in Tsavo, Kenya, imitated trucks as they passed her stockade, even though it is three kilometers (1.8 miles) from the nearest road, the researchers report in Nature, the British science weekly. Calimero, a 23-year-old male African elephant who spent 18 years with two female Asian elephants in an enclosure in Switzerlands Basel Zoo, proved to be a dab hand at imitating their characteristic chirping calls. Spectrogram analysis shows that the audio frequency of the two elephants imitations are spot-on. Various other animal species, such as birds, bats and dolphins, have long been known to be able to learn new vocalisations. With this discovery, elephants have the honour of becoming the first terrestrial mammal after ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinico-pathologic features of fatal disease attributed to new variants of endotheliotropic herpesviruses in two Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). AU - Garner, M. M.. AU - Helmick, K.. AU - Ochsenreiter, J.. AU - Richman, L. K.. AU - Latimer, E.. AU - Wise, A. G.. AU - Maes, R. K.. AU - Kiupel, M.. AU - Nordhausen, R. W.. AU - Zong, J. C.. AU - Hayward, G. S.. PY - 2009/1/1. Y1 - 2009/1/1. N2 - The first herpesviruses described in association with serious elephant disease were referred to as endotheliotropic herpesviruses (EEHV) because of their ability to infect capillary endothelial cells and cause potentially fatal disease. Two related viruses, EEHV1 and EEHV2, have been described based on genetic composition. This report describes the similarities and differences in clinicopathologic features of 2 cases of fatal endotheliotropic herpesvirus infections in Asian elephants caused by a previously unrecognized virus within the betaherpesvirus subfamily. EEHV3 is markedly ...
Many social animals live in stable groups. In contrast, African savannah elephants (Loxodonta africana) live in unusually fluid, fission-fusion societies. That is, core social groups are composed of predictable sets of individuals; however, over the course of hours or days, these groups may tempor …
African elephants have traditionally been classified as a single species comprising two distinct subspecies, namely the savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) and the forest elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis), but recent DNA analysis suggests that these may actually constitute distinct species (Roca 2001). This split is not universally accepted by experts (AESG 2002) and a third species of African elephant has also been proposed (Eggert et al. 2002).. This reclassification has important implications for conservation, because it means that where previously it was assumed that a single and endangered species comprised two small populations, if in reality these are two separate species, then as a consequence, both could be more gravely endangered than a more numerous and wide-ranging single species might have been. There is also a potential danger in that, if the forest elephant is not explicitly listed as an endangered species, poachers and smugglers might be able to evade the law ...
Two recent examples are Alex Rines and Vinnie Christiano. Food was not withheld prior to drug administration, and the elephants had ad libitum access to hay and water. 1998. Separating Asian and African elephants could prevent more deaths, he added. The calf is the result of artificial insemination with sperm from three donors. But any happiness that this family unit would know was short-lived. The Saint Louis Zoo cares about elephants in zoos and in the wild.. Phylogenetic (or family tree) analysis of this data has revealed a great deal of genetic variability amongst and within the many EEHV types that infect Asian and African elephants. Proc American Associaton of Zoo Veterinarians and Assoc of Reptile and Amphibian Veterinarians. Dr. K. Director of Veterinary Care. Dr. Pearsons interest in elephants was fueled nearly half a century ago when she became involved in elephant conservation through Save the Elephants.. Low levels of multiples types of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV-6, ...
Now, you might think that this lengthy process (almost 14 hours) would result in dung that has just about every nutritional particle sucked out of it. In fact, just about the opposite is true. Elephants digest barely one half of the nutritional value of their food, which means that their dung is nutrient rich. This inefficiency in digestion is one of the reasons that elephants are an integral part of their ecosystem. Just about anybody whos anybody uses this dung: baby elephants eat it, frogs live under it, mushrooms grow from it, and some plant species will only sprout once their seeds have been processed and deposited in elephant dung! Elephants are an amazing and essential seed disperser, ensuring that trees and plant species are evenly and widely distributed throughout their habitat. One survey of elephant dispersion refers to elephants as megagardeners, so important are they to the ecosystem ...
Figure S1. Predictions of monthly probability of birth inferred from climatic data in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Here, in contrast to the model in Figure , this model does not explicitly include birth month, but only considered the climatic data at birth (in addition to birth order and sex). The association with birth month was performed a posteriori: For each calf we calculated the predicted probability of birth based on climatic conditions at birth, and then computed the average probability of birth across all calves born in each month. The dashed line indicates the probability of birth if births were distributed equally across months.. Figure S2. Predictions of the probability that calves die between 1 and 5 years of age by birth months, in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Predictions were calculated for each calf individually and then averaged across birth months. As such, predictions captured the effect of sex, birth order, relatedness, location, and cohort effects.. Table S1. Summary table ...
A strain of SAT 2 foot-and-mouth disease virus which was experimentally inoculated into the epidermis of the tongues of captive African elephants produced vesicular lesions at the site of inoculation. After a short period of viraemia, secondary lesions developed in the mouth and on the feet giving rise to extensive tissue damage and the separation of the soles. In spite of close contact there was no spread of the disease to other elephants and by conventional sampling techniques no carrier virus could be demonstrated. The neutralizing antibody response was of a low order and this finding together with the observations made during the course of the experimental disease are discussed in relation to the possible role of the elephant in the epizootiology of foot-and-mouth disease in Africa ...
Elephant endotheliotropic herpes virus (EEHV) is a potentially deadly disease that not only affects elephants in human care, but also those living in the wild. Populations of wild Asian elephants are impacted by this disease in addition to threats like habitat fragmentation and poaching. To understand and combat this disease, veterinarians, researchers, conservationists, and elephant caretakers formed a collaborative team, called the EEHV Asia Working Group. The 3rd EEHV Asia Working Group meeting was hosted by Kasetsart University in Hua-Hin, Thailand. As part of the Houston Zoos on-going commitment to investigating EEHV and to save Asian Elephants in the wild, I was able to participate in this group.. Traveling to Hua-Hin is a long process. After more than 24 hours in flight from Houston, Texas to Tokyo, Japan to Bangkok, Thailand and 3-hour van ride, I finally made it to Hua-Hin. A total of 70 attendees from 12 countries made similar journeys to be at the meeting.. The two-day conference ...
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Silver Spring, MD (June 8, 2012) – Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) accredited zoos are leaders in elephant conservation education and science, and invite the public to celebrate and support elephants by visiting them this summer. “Experiencing an elephant close-up is an unforgettable experience,” said AZA President and CEO Jim Maddy.  “Elephants in AZA-accredited zoos are wildlife ambassadors who educate the public, create life-long conservationists, and raise money to support vital conservation efforts.” Status of Elephants in the Wild  Elephants are in trouble.  Elephant populations in Africa and Asia are under threat from human-elephant conflict (HEC), intense poaching, disease, and dramatic loss of habitat. Elephants maximus – Over the last 75 years, the population of Asian elephants is estimated to have declined by 50 percent or more, maintaining their endangered status according to the International Union for
Seminal plasma aids in sperm maturation and transport in many species. The current method of collecting Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) semen for use in artificial insemination results an incomplete ejaculate (without dilution by accessory sex gland fluids). Evaluation of collected elephant semen shows a high percentage of bulls providing samples with less than 60% motility, with many being non-motile. Equine seminal plasma was tested as a replacement for the seminal fluids deficient in collected elephant semen. Fourteen semen samples from six bulls were collected; washed and neat aliquots of each sample treated with equine seminal plasma, TEST yolk buffer (IrvineScientific, Santa Ana, CA, U.S.A.), or a combination of both. Each treatment was assessed for total and progressive motility, viability and acrosome integrity at 0,20,40 minutes, 2, 4, and 6 hours from time of treatment. There were significant differences between treatments (P|0.010) and times (P|0.012) for all dependant variables in analyses
Elephants living in zoos have shorter lives than their wild counterparts, according to a new study that will most certainly stir debate about their captive situations. Researchers compared the life spans of elephants in European zoos with those living in Amboseli National Park in Kenya and others working on a timber enterprise in Myanmar. Animals in the wild or in natural working conditions had life spans twice that or more of their relatives in zoos.. The new findings were published in the journal Science where researchers wrote obesity is a leading cause of death in adult zoo elephants, and stress is a killer of young animals moved between zoos.. In recent years, animal care activists have campaigned to discourage keeping elephants in zoos due to the lack of space and small numbers of animals that can be kept in a group. The median life span for African elephants in European zoos was 16.9 years, compared with 56 years for elephants who died of natural causes in Kenyas Amboseli Park. For the ...
TA Nankumba The organisation is currently overseeing the transportation of all the elephants from their home in the Phirilongwe forest near Mangochi by Lake Malawi, 250 kilometres away to the Majete game-park close to Malawis border with Mozambique. Most of the elephants have already been transported, leaving only remnants of the herd which by the time this article appears may have all gone. I have no doubt that the IFAW believes that it is acting in the best interests of the Phirilongwe elephants by removing them from their established habitat to the game-park. Indeed, in doing so, it insists that this is the only way to save the elephants and that Majete remains the most secure haven for the Phirilongwe elephants. The IFAW insists that most residents in the area support the removal of the elephants. Yet it is using its resources to ignore long-established hopes locally of establishing a wildlife sanctuary in Mangochi that would save not only the elephants from danger but also local ...
SURIN, 21 July 2012 - Mr. Suwit Rattanamani, Director-General of the Royal Forest Department, Mr. Niran Kalayanamit, Governor of Surin, and Mr. Sanchai Julamont, director of the Zoological Park Organization, yesterday met with civil servants, mahouts, and other agencies and organizations involved with the care of elephants in Surin. The meetings objective was to determine methods to solve the problems of mahouts difficulties and elephants roaming city streets for money. At present there are 150 elephants at Surins elephant center which gives each mahout a monthly salary of 8,000 THB. Nationwide, there are 316 elephants working at various elephant centers, 136 elephants roaming on streets with mahouts, and 76 elephants being raised at mahouts houses.. The Provincial Administration Organization of Surin has been asking a budget of 126 million THB to address elephant problems in a concrete manner. The proposal will be presented to the Cabinet at a mobile meeting to be held on July 29 and 30 in ...
Loxodonta (es); Африка пілдері (kk-kz); Gajah Afrika (ms); افرىيكا پىلدەرى (kk-cn); Африкански слонове (bg); Elefantul african (ro); افریقی ہاتھی (ur); Loxodonta (sk); Слон африканський (uk); 非洲象 (zh-hant); 非洲象 (zh-cn); 아프리카코끼리속 (ko); Африка пілдері (kk); Африкански слон (mk); Afrički slon (bs); আফ্রিকান হাতি (bn); éléphant dAfrique (fr); Afrički slon (hr); Voi châu Phi (vi); افرىيكا پىلدەرى (kk-arab); Afrïka pilderi (kk-latn); Afrika-olifant (af); Inzovu (rn); Elefante-africano (pt-br); 非洲象 (zh-sg); Африка пілдері (kk-cyrl); Afrikanske elefanter (nb); Afrika fili (az); Loxodonta (en); فيل أفريقي (ar); Loxodonta (br); 非洲象 (yue); Африка пилдери (ky); Loxodonta (eu); Loxodonta (ast); Африканские слоны (ru); Eliffant Affricanaidd (cy); Eilifint na hAfraice (ga); فیل ...
Having children is one of the most important, life-changing decisions a mother will ever make -- and one endangered tortoise in particular certainly didnt rush it. Weve also got new research showing elephants are a lot like humans, a bird with a spect
ID G3UKG4_LOXAF Unreviewed; 638 AA. AC G3UKG4; DT 16-NOV-2011, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 16-NOV-2011, sequence version 1. DT 30-AUG-2017, entry version 44. DE SubName: Full=Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 2 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; GN Name=PCSK2 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; OS Loxodonta africana (African elephant). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Afrotheria; Proboscidea; Elephantidae; Loxodonta. OX NCBI_TaxID=9785 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=Isolate ISIS603380 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323}; RA Di Palma F., Heiman D., Young S., Johnson J., Lander E.S., RA Lindblad-Toh K.; RT The Genome Sequence of Loxodonta africana (African elephant).; RL Submitted (JUN-2009) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSLAFP00000028323} RP ...
This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Thailand. There are 264 mammal species in Thailand, of which 3 are critically endangered, 11 are endangered, 24 are vulnerable, and 2 are near-threatened. 1 of the species listed for Thailand is considered to be extinct. The following tags are used to highlight each species conservation status as assessed by the IUCN: Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories: The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals. Family: Elephantidae (elephants) Genus: Elephas Species: Asian elephant Elephas maximus EN Indian elephant Elephas maximus indicus EN Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered. Family: Dugongidae Genus: Dugong Dugong Dugong dugon VU The treeshrews are ...
Domain architecture and assignment details (superfamily, family, region, evalue) for ENSLAFP00000009545 from Loxodonta africana 76_3. Plus protein sequence and external database links.
Domain combinations containing the Serine protease inhibitors superfamily in Loxodonta africana 76_3. Domain architectures illustrate each occurrence of the Serine protease inhibitors superfamily.
Asian elephant populations in Laos, which are under a process of commodification, have dropped by half in the last 30 years. According to researchers from CNRS and Beauval Nature, the dynamics of elephant populations depend heavily on the socioeconomic practices of the country and elephant owners. The setting-up of a maternity leave system to compensate owners for their losses of income during breeding period would contribute to the species long-term survival.
Some time ago, Care2 reported elephants are afraid of bees, and that fear might be used to protect crops from elephants. Now research has shown elephants are
Proboscideans (a relative of the modern elephant) nhave been a part of the Afro-Arabian landscape since at least the early Eocene, ~55 Mya. Proboscidea is a Greek word that means having a nose. Over 350 Proboscidea have been identified as having existed over the last 50 million years. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; other, now extinct, members of the order include deinotheres, gomphotheres, mammoths, and mastodons. The only areas that Proboscidea were not found to have been home at least some of these species are Antarctica and Australia. Majority of these species are extinct leaving only the Asian Elephant, African Savanna Elephant (the worlds largest land mammal) and African Forest Elephant.. The evolutionary tree of proboscidea, a taxonomic group that unites all elephantid lineages as well as mammoth and mastodon species, can now be constructed with higher certainty than ever before. Two distinct clades seem to have formed 6 million years ago. The ...
Key states along the illegal ivory value chain have committed to urgent measures to halt the illegal trade and secure elephant populations across Africa....
Key states along the illegal ivory value chain have committed to urgent measures to halt the illegal trade and secure elephant populations across Africa....
The project was predicated on the need to focus conservation action on the Asian Elephant and its habitat, which currently face a number of threats. The main threats included: a) Reduction and fragmentation of habitat and consequent isolation of populations into small and genetically unviable units; b) Conflicts between wild elephants and human populations, leading to loss of human life and property and retaliatory killing of wild elephants; c) Poaching of elephants for ivory and, in some parts of the country, for meat; d) Elephant mortality due to other causes, such as from transmission lines, rail lines, highways etc., passing through the elephant habitat and other natural causes such as floods; e) Inadequate finance, infra-structure and human resources for proper implementation of management priorities at the field level. Project Elephant differs from other wildlife conservation projects such as Project Tiger in that it covers not only the protected areas (national parks and sanctuaries) but ...
The project was predicated on the need to focus conservation action on the Asian Elephant and its habitat, which currently face a number of threats. The main threats included: a) Reduction and fragmentation of habitat and consequent isolation of populations into small and genetically unviable units; b) Conflicts between wild elephants and human populations, leading to loss of human life and property and retaliatory killing of wild elephants; c) Poaching of elephants for ivory and, in some parts of the country, for meat; d) Elephant mortality due to other causes, such as from transmission lines, rail lines, highways etc., passing through the elephant habitat and other natural causes such as floods; e) Inadequate finance, infra-structure and human resources for proper implementation of management priorities at the field level. Project Elephant differs from other wildlife conservation projects such as Project Tiger in that it covers not only the protected areas (national parks and sanctuaries) but ...
Understanding how wide-ranging animals use landscapes in which human use is highly heterogeneous is important for determining patterns of human-wildlife conflict and designing mitigation strategies. Here, we show how biological sign surveys in forested components of a human-dominated landscape can be combined with human interviews in agricultural portions of a landscape to provide a full picture of seasonal use of different landscape components by wide-ranging animals and resulting human-wildlife conflict. We selected Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Nepal to illustrate this approach. Asian elephants are threatened throughout their geographic range, and there are large gaps in our understanding of their landscape-scale habitat use. We identified all potential elephant habitat in Nepal and divided the potential habitat into sampling units based on a 10 km by 10 km grid. Forested areas within grids were surveyed for signs of elephant use, and local villagers were interviewed regarding elephant use of
As the worlds largest land mammal, elephants have quite the commanding presence. But did you know elephants cant jump? Or that baby elephants lose their first set of teeth and tusks, just like humans? Learn about both Asian and African elephants and the threats facing these highly intelligent animals today.
As the worlds largest land mammal, elephants have quite the commanding presence. But did you know elephants cant jump? Or that baby elephants lose their first set of teeth and tusks, just like humans? Learn about both Asian and African elephants and the threats facing these highly intelligent animals today.
Elephants need to consume a minimum of 100 liters of water and 100 kilograms of vegetation daily, yet a small population of 350 manages to survive in the harsh Gourma region of Mali, south of the Niger River, where temperatures spike to 50˚C and vegetation is sparse.. The scientists published their findings in the journal Biological Conservation¹. Rainfall is also limited, with an annual accumulation of 110 mm in the north and 600 mm in the south. Researchers equipped GPS collars to nine of the animals, four females in four separate herds, and five randomly selected males. Their movements were tracked for two years.. The data revealed that the Gourma elephants traverse a vast home range of 32,000 square kilometers, the largest ever reported for elephants, in their search for food and water. The Gourma elephants range is 150% larger than ranges reported for desert elephants in Namibia.. The elephants follow a circular route through the desert, heading south at the beginning of the rainy season ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
sciencehabit writes Whether we realize it, African elephants are listening to us. The pachyderms can tell certain human languages apart and even determine our gender, relative age, and whether were a threat, according to a new study. The work illustrates how elephants can sometimes protect themsel...
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that are activated by fatty acids and their derivatives. PPAR has three subtypes (PPARalpha, beta/delta, and gamma) showing different expression patterns in vertebrates. Each of them is encoded in a separate gene and binds fatty acids and eicosanoids. PPARalpha plays a role in the clearance of circulating or cellular lipids via the regulation of gene expression involved in lipid metabolism in liver and skeletal muscle. PPARbeta/delta is involved in lipid oxidation and cell proliferation. PPARgamma promotes adipocyte differentiation to enhance blood glucose uptake ...
In 2000, Kremer, along with Charles Morcom, published a study recommending that governments fight elephant poaching by ... Kremer, Michael; Morcom, Charles (March 2000). "Elephants". American Economic Review. 90 (1): 212-234. doi:10.1257/aer.90.1.212 ... stockpiling ivory and so that they can proactively flood the market if elephant populations decline too severely. In his widely ...
... elephants; common warthogs; rare bongo antelopes and over a hundred species of birds. The UN Environment Programme lists the ...
As Jlin described the album's cover art, "I love elephants. I. Love. Elephants. Elephants are the most precious thing to me on ... So, I asked my label when we designed the cover art [that] I wanted an origami of an elephant. And they sure enough, I don't ...
The Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder used the term religio on elephants in that they venerate the sun and the moon. Modern ... "Elephants; Their Capacity". The Natural History, Book VIII. Tufts University. Latin: maximum est elephans proximumque humanis ... "The elephant is the largest of them all, and in intelligence approaches the nearest to man. It understands the language of its ...
"Elephants... Teeth Sinking into Heart , Tape Op Magazine , Longform candid interviews with music producers and audio engineers ...
The elephant was memorialized in 1825 with a statue and the Elephant Hotel in Somers, New York. In 1922 the elephant John L. ... was the first circus elephant and the second elephant brought to the United States. There are reports of an elephant brought to ... Old Bet, called the second elephant in America by the Somers Historical Society, was also one of the most important elephants ... old elephant will start out this afternoon from Madison Square Garden on a pilgrimage to the grave of the first elephant that ...
There are daily interactions at the Elephant Interaction and Husbandry Wall or during the Elephant Keeper Experience. Edge of ... Elephant Interaction Wall, the Nairobi section of the park has five female and one male (arrived from the Calgary Zoo in 2013) ... Another popular attraction here is the Asian elephant exhibit. Nairobi used to have a safari truck ride called Rhino Rally, ... "Elephants". SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015. "Cheetah ...
... used the term religio to describe elephants' supposed veneration of the sun and the moon. "The elephant is the largest of them ... "Elephants; Their Capacity". The Natural History, Book VIII. Tufts University. In The Pagan Christ: Recovering the Lost Light. ...
There are tales about elephant's graveyards. These are believed to be places where dying elephants direct themselves to die ... McComb performed experiments in which she placed skulls of elephants killed by poacher, to make miniature elephant graveyards, ... Orphan elephants, who have watched their mothers be killed, have been shown to wake up screaming. Elephants are known to ... Elephants have a concept of death. For instance, they recognize carcasses and skeletons of their own kind as well as of others ...
Missing or empty ,title= (help) Norton, C.A. Spinage ; illustrated by Larry (1994). Elephants. London: T & A D Poyser. ISBN ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Case Studies > Elephants". National Review of Live Art Digitisation Project. Bristol ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Elephants, 1983". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 20 June 2016. ... 1982 and Elephants, 1983. During the period that he was producing video art, Harding was a part of the Centre for Experimental ...
These include: Elephants...Teeth Sinking into Heart did not enter the Gaon Album Chart, but it peaked at #33 on the component ... "Elephants...Teeth Sinking Into Heart - Rachael Yamagata". AllMusic.com. Retrieved November 10, 2016. Peters, Mitchell (February ... Her second full-length album Elephants...Teeth Sinking Into Heart was released in October 2008. Billboard characterized the ... "Elephants" on the television drama One Life to Live. Yamagata digitally released a new album in the fall of 2011 through ...
Some elephant teeth are similar to those in manatees, and it is notable that elephants are believed to have undergone an ... At birth, elephants have a total of 28 molar plate-like grinding teeth not including the tusks. These are organized into four ... When the last of these teeth has fallen out, regardless of the elephant's age, the animal will no longer be able to chew food ... Elephants. Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia, Volume 9, p. 183. ISBN 0-8343-0051-6 Dental Anatomy & Care for Rabbits and Rodents ...
Elephants are polyphyodonts with teeth are similar to those in manatees, and it is notable that elephants are believed to have ... Elephants have four molars, one on each side of the upper and lower jaw. Until age 40, these are replaced by larger molars. The ... Elephants. Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia, Volume 9, p. 183. ISBN 0-8343-0051-6 Patricia Pence (2002), Equine Dentistry: A ... Elephants' tusks are specialized incisors for digging food up and fighting. ...
Three card combo General + intellectual + elephant; or cart + gun + horse. However, intellectual + elephant + cart; or elephant ... Each set has 1 general (tướng 將), 2 advisors (sĩ 士), 2 elephants (tượng 象), 2 chariots (xe 車), 2 cannons (pháo 砲), 2 horses (mã ... The way to become the House is that players will each call out the name of the card general, intellectuals, elephant, cart, gun ... The Tam Cuc deck is divided from high to low in rank as follows: General > intellectuals > elephants > carts > guns > horses > ...
"Elephant On The Menu? It's Not Just A Birthday Dish For Robert Mugabe". Colorado Public Radio. Retrieved 2021-02-11. "Ewaso ... Kentai worked at Save the Elephants, first as a Projects Officer and later on as the Head of Awareness. She was also a writer ... "Save The Elephants Visits China". Retrieved 2021-02-11. Halliday, Paula Kahumbu with Andrew (2015-03-12). "We must keep up ... Early in her career, Kentai was part of an elephant conservation project aimed at improving cross-cultural understanding ...
... to elephants; and to ordinary snakes, particularly the Ophiophagus hannah, the Ptyas mucosa and the Naja naja, the latter of ...
Duryodhana with elephant division rush against Bhimasena. He broke that elephant division, routing, turning them back. ... Janardana protects car from elephant charge and elephant crushed many soldiers. He then pierced Krishna and Partha cuts his bow ... When asked, Yudhishthira said that Ashwatthama (elephant) is dead, with word elephant he spoke within his mouth. Drona in grief ... Duhsasana caused Arjuna to be surrounded by an elephant force. Arjuna slays elephants with riders. Killed 2-3 warriors with ...
Ganguly had served on India's Task Force on Elephants in 2013. Elephants are under threat in India, but they are more common in ... Ganguly notes that elephants have a special place in the affection of the people of India. In March 2016 Ganguly went to New ... "Painted Elephants". Magazine. 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2020-07-08. Mar 8, Himanshi Dhawan ,; 2016; Ist, 21:59. "Nari Shakti awards ... Suparna Baksi Ganguly is an Indian activist concerned with the treatment of animals and in particular elephants that are held ...
According to some accounts, the animal was the last of the 37 war elephants Hannibal took with him on his 218 B.C. crossing of ... Surus ("the Syrian") was believed to be the last war elephant of Carthaginian general Hannibal's army in Italy. Several Roman ... Although a Carthaginian coin struck in the time of Hannibal depicts a North African elephant, historians believe Surus was an ... ISBN 978-1-59797-686-2. Kistler, John M. (2006). War Elephants. Westport, CT: Praeger. pp. 122-123. ISBN 0-275-98761-2. ...
"Elephants & Bees › Publications". Elephants & Bees. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. "Africanized Bee DeFense Against ... Hives erected by humans as a defense for their crops against elephants are sometimes destroyed by elephants. These hives are ... hung on a single metal wire that encircles the crop field of some farms in African elephant territory. The installation is ... Hungry Elephants". Living the Scientific Life (Scientist, Interrupted). Archived from the original on 2015-10-02. "Crawford ...
Chinese Professional Baseball League Brother Elephants "兄弟象官方網站2009 ::: 堅持 :::". Brother Elephants. Archived from the original ... is a Taiwanese baseball player who played for the Brother Elephants of the Chinese Professional Baseball League. He played ...
Neeley, Liz (June 6, 2019). "Liz Neeley on Instagram: "This guy... AND #elephants!!! . . . . #zimbabwe #waterhole #honeymoon # ...
Mike Morley (October 2011). "White Elephants". Irish American News. Archived from the original on November 23, 2011. Finnegan, ...
Chinese Professional Baseball League Brother Elephants "16 周思齊". Brother Elephants. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011 ... he was picked by the Brother Elephants in the third round of the redistribution draft. ...
He also had 15 Indian elephants supported by Indian chariots. However, the absence of any mention of those elephants during the ... John M. Kistler (2007). War Elephants. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-08-032600-4-7. The Hyrcani had mustered 6,000 as ... Furthermore, according to Arrian, Diodorus and Curtius, Darius had 200 chariots while Arrian mentions 15 war elephants. ... and 15 war elephants. Hans Delbrück estimates Persian cavalry at 12,000 because of management issues, Persian infantry less ...
Elephant shrews, tenrecs, aardvarks, elephants and sea cows) Euarchonta (Treeshrews, colugos, and primates) Glires (Rabbits, ... Elephants (Elephantidae). Two genera and three species. Pangolins (Manidae). One genus and eight species. Horses, wild ass, and ... Macroscelididae (elephant shrews). Five genera and 20 species. Ptilocercidae (pen-tailed tree shrew). One genus and one species ...
Leggett, Steve (January 24, 2018). "Elephants Memory". Spotify. Retrieved Jan 15, 2020. "Elephant's Memory - Elephant's Memory ... "Elephant's Memory - Elephant's Memory (1972)". AllMusic. Retrieved Jan 15, 2020. World Heritage Encyclopedia. "David Johansen ... Elephant's Memory was known for contributing the track Jungle Jim at the Zoo to the Midnight Cowboy soundtrack and for bizarre ... Robison sang back up with Lennon, Yoko Ono and Elephant's Memory during a 1972 session at New York City's Record Plant East on ...
Eleven Elephants. Retrieved April 9, 2015 on the Internet Archive. Friedman, David. (April 4, 2003). "Hard rock duo Local H ...
Around 80 elephants were captured alive. Alexander also acquired an additional 70 war elephants due to the late arrival of ... The Indian cavalry were thus routed, and fled to the safety of their elephants. The war elephants now advanced against the ... The Indian war elephants were heavily armoured and had castle-like howdahs on their back carrying a trio of archers and javelin ... The elephants were eventually repulsed and fled back to their own lines. Many of their mahouts had been struck down by ...
Valparai has a population of nearly 100 elephants which have to live among tea plantations. Unfortunately every year people get ... The Last Round Up Of The Elephants [Elephants In Chains Documentary] , Wild Things - Duration: 51:18. Wild Things 49,305 views ... Raju The Elephant Cries Tears of Joy While Being Rescued After 50 Years Of Abuse And Chains In India - Duration: 4:17. The Red ... My Wild Affair : Elephant Who Found a Mom (Nature Documentary) - Duration: 49:01. Nature TV 27,855 views ...
There are about 30,000 to 50,000 Asian elephants left in the wild-thats compared to about 500,000 African elephants in the ... One issue that our scientists study is human-elephant conflict. Despite coexisting with Asian elephants for thousands of years ... You can also catch a glimpse of the Zoos elephants on the Elephant Cam. ... dramatic changes in how people interact with land and elephants have caused a significant increase in human-elephant conflict. ...
... Merry Tuesday :0)!. Hana aohe p?ili i ou. Hana aohe heluhelu i ou. Hana aohe n ?i ...
Water for Elephants was released in theaters on April 22, 2011. In the United States and Canada, Water for Elephants was ... "WATER FOR ELEPHANTS (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2013-03-06.. ... "Water for Elephants Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. Retrieved April 26, 2011. *^ Ebert, Roger (2011-04-21). Water for ... Water for Elephants is a 2011 American romantic drama film directed by Francis Lawrence and written by Richard LaGravenese, ...
A selection of elephant related articles based on scientific study, research, information and facts. ... Elephant pregnancy is unique. Elephant pregnancy lasts for 22 months. At up to 680 days (average 647 days), elephants have the ... The end of elephants?. Now for the final fight against greed and selfishness. When the elephants are extinct, as seems likely ... Poachers steal one elephant too many!. The rhinos and elephants of Kruger are among the best-protected in Africa. Still, the ...
See an archive of all elephants stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, Vulture, and ... This Cool Elephant Has a Point to Prove About Elephant Cognition. This new kind of test will likely be able to give researchers ... This Cool Elephant Has a Point to Prove About Elephant Cognition. This new kind of test will likely be able to give researchers ... Circus Will Feature Performing Elephants for the Final Time Tonight. Elephants have been a part of the circus for over 200 ...
group of organisms known by one particular common name (Elephantidae, African bush elephant, Indian elephant) ... elefante (es); Osono (ak); Fíll (is); ہوٚس (ks); Gajah (ms); elephant (en-gb); پيل (ps); ہاتھی (pnb); ہاتھی (ur); Slonovité (sk ... Media in category "Elephants". The following 11 files are in this category, out of 11 total. ... Aerial View of Elephant in NMNH Rotunda, 1981 (8722701453).jpg 6,200 × 4,787; 1.83 MB. ...
Water For Elephants. * Legit Water for Elephants to Become Broadway Musical 3 years ago ... TV Review: HBOs An Apology to Elephants 5 years ago * Film Shovel Ready: Warner Bros., 3 Arts Come on Board (EXCLUSIVE) 5 ...
Listen to Elephants Memory now.. Listen to Elephants Memory in full in the Spotify app ... Then came John Lennon and Some Time in New York City, and Elephants Memory had their moment in the sun. They released a third ... Elephants Memory left behind what is probably best described as a footnote legacy, since they will undoubtedly always be ... Footnote they may be, but Elephants Memory made more of an impact than anyone ever might have suspected from a scuffling New ...
An elephant in sheeps clothing by Marina Cano Brave Elephant by Marsel van Oosten A Fine Balance #2 by Morkel Erasmus Elephant ... Thai elephant by Sasi - smit Baby Elephant by Gunther Wegner Protection by Mario Moreno Elephants in Namibia by Jonas Schroeter ... the elephants! Elephants are really intelligent beings, full of emotion and with a great memory. They love their offspring, ... Logo Design: Elephants The Logo Design series is up and running! Were thinking ahead and we want to find new ways to sort ...
Elephants did not evolve to become huge animals until after they turned a bit of genetic junk into a unique defense against ... A Zombie Gene Protects Elephants From Cancer. Elephants did not evolve to become huge animals until after they turned a bit of ... That is, the elephant LIF6 re-evolved into a functional gene from a pseudogene ancestor. Because it came back from the dead and ... Elephants only began to develop their immense size about 30 million years ago.Jim P. Reid, USFWS / Bjørn Christian Tørrissen. ...
Sri Lankan elephant[edit]. *From Sri Lankan elephant: Only 7% of males bear tusks.(ref= Jayewardene, J. (1994) The elephant in ... From Asian elephant Some males may also lack tusks... and are especially common among the Sri Lankan elephant population... ( ... Elephants and peanuts[edit]. Ive heard of myths about elephants eating peanuts, even though they dont in real life since ... Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo) However, according to the elephant census conducted in 2011 by the Wildlife ...
... and relationship to humans of the Indian and African elephant. African and Indian elephants ... ... Elephants. [Norman S Barrett] -- Introduces, in simple text and illustrations, the physical characteristics, habits, natural ... Elephants - For children. a schema:Thing ;. schema:name "Elephants - For children" ;. .. ... and relationship to humans of the Indian and African elephant. African and Indian elephants are examined."@en ;. schema: ...
In Water for Elephants, Sara Gruen makes the 1930s-circus world come to life and in Jacob gives us a main character we care ... Chapter & Verse At the Waters Edge: A look at Water for Elephants writer Sara Gruens upcoming work ... Chapter & Verse Water for Elephants could be adapted as a Broadway musical ...
If the massacres do not stop, our children could be the last generation to see an African elephant in the wild. As travelers, ... Back in Kenya, I recall being mesmerized as the matriarch of an elephant family lumbered over to some bleached elephant bones. ... Two that focus on protecting African elephants are Save the Elephants and the U.K.-based Tusk Trust. ... His message: "Only elephants should own ivory." He has been working since then to end poaching in Africa. If enough people ...
Twenty-four young elephants being transported by air from Zimbabwe to China, eight months after capture of 27-strong group in ... Zimbabwes young elephants sold to China. Twenty-four young elephants being transported by air from Zimbabwe to China, eight ... Twenty-four young elephants are being transported by air from Zimbabwe to China, eight months after their capture in the north- ... He said Zimbabwe has been exporting elephants for many years and that as far as he can ascertain, the youngsters new home, was ...
No contact- No elephant handling takes place unless the elephant is under chemical sedation. Elephants can be moved from one ... In 2006, 286 elephants were kept in American zoos (147 African elephants and 139 Asian elephants). Nearly one in three Asian ... Some elephants, especially ill elephants that may not be capable of entering the protected contact area and young elephants ... An Apology to Elephants (2013 documentary film) Khedda Thai Elephant Orchestra Biology, medicine, and surgery of elephants. ...
An elephants graveyard (also written elephant graveyard, elephants graveyard, or elephants cemetery) is a place where, ... Elephant cognition and reports of elephant death rituals. Young, Rory (November 15, 2013). "Do Elephant Graveyards Exist?". ... One theory involves people finding groups of elephant skeletons together, or observing old elephants and skeletons in the same ... Other theories focus on elephant behavior during lean times, suggesting starving or elderly elephants who have worn their teeth ...
Watch this elephant paint a beautiful image of an elephant holding a flower. Youll be amazed at how her talent unfolds as she ... Elephants Painting Elephants - Suda... the Rembrandt of Painting Elephants - Duration: 7:16. Vertigo1894 343,402 views ... Watch this elephant paint a beautiful image of an elephant holding a flower. Youll be amazed at how her talent unfolds as she ... Some Thai elephant experts believe that the survival of the Asian elephant species will most likely depend on the good ...
Directed by Züli Aladag. With Daniel Brühl, Manfred Zapatka, Jochen Nickel, Angelika Bartsch. Daniel Brühl stars as a talented boxer, accepting an offer of a dubious businessman to become a professional. Marko Stemper, 19 years old, comes from a disadvantaged background and works as a window cleaner. His father, an alcoholic, tyrannizes the whole family, so Markos only joy in life is boxing. As he is the most promising talent in his club, Gerd Hermsbach, a local demimonde boss, offers ...
Elephants are affected by cancer much less frequently than humans. By unraveling their DNA, researchers gain new insight into ... Elephants may hold clues to cancer prevention.. Around 17 percent of people die from cancer, but the disease is not a problem ... Elephant DNA damage control. In 2015, scientists working independently at the University of Chicago in Illinois and the ... Cancer research: Zombie genes and elephants. Written by Tim Newman on August 15, 2018 - Fact checked by. Jasmin Collier ...
... took part in a soccer match on the final day of the Elephant Race event at Sauraha in Chitwan in Nepal on Wednesday. ... A mahout rides his adorned elephant after participating in an elephant beauty contest on the final day of the Elephant Race ... An elephant tries to kick a ball during a soccer match on the final day of the Elephant Race event at Sauraha in Chitwan Dec. ... Mahouts and their elephants vie for a ball during a soccer match on the final day of the Elephant Race event at Sauraha in ...
Water for Elephants(2011). i luv this movie. it stays true to most romances - w the love interest being a real tramp :) but ... Conors Review of Water for Elephants. 4 years ago via Rotten Tomatoes ...
I am getting old, and I do not love wild elephants. Give me brick elephant lines, one stall to each elephant, and big stumps to ... One new elephant had nearly grubbed up his picket, and Big Toomai took off Kala Nags leg chain and shackled that elephant fore ... "When thou hast seen the elephants dance. That is the proper time. Come to me when thou hast seen the elephants dance, and then ... The next few days were spent in getting the elephants together, in walking the newly caught wild elephants up and down between ...
African elephants could disappear from the wild within a generation, unless China does more to end the sale of ivory. ... "African elephants could disappear from the wild within a generation," warns founder of Save the Elephants.. The market for ... Iain Douglas-Hamilton, founder of Save the Elephants, said 100,000 African elephants have been killed for their ivory in just ... "African elephants could disappear from the wild within a generation," unless China does more to end the sale of ivory, said ...
These elephants are alive and growing. Theyre Elephant Head amaranth (Amarantus gangeticus). ... Elephant Head amaranth is a not only attractive but has numerous uses. Its excellent in salads. The leaves taste like spinach. ... Elephant Head amaranth isnt a true grain, but a relative of lambs quarter and the garden flower cockscomb. Each plant ... Burgundy elephants cast shadows on ripening Big Zac tomatoes and another one is crowding the blueberries, as my garden plods ...
Thailand has been a leader in protecting elephants, but allowing exports once again could lead to their extinction. (220273 ... Sending elephants for good relations, and. *Sending parts or various products derived from elephants for academic research or ... History has shown that elephants do not thrive in Foreign Countries. Elephants are not native to such countries as the UK, the ... History has shown that elephants do not thrive in Foreign Countries. Elephants are not native to such countries as the UK, the ...
More than a hundred elephants in Kenya have died in the past year, say conservationists, who blame the worst drought in 12 ... SOUNDBITE (English) Iain Douglas-Hamilton, Founder, Save the Elephants: "So lack of food is the real problem. Elephants are ... 100-Plus Elephants Killed by Drought. The video player is loading. If it does not appear shortly, you may need to enable ... Around 23,000 elephants live in Kenya but populations can be devastated by poaching within a couple of years. A recent survey ...
Shreemati vasundhra raje save indias elephants shree narender modi elephant village jaipur pccf indias elephants CM Rajasthan ... Along with all the homes and shelters for the elephants It is worlds third and Indias first elephant village. There are big ... save elephants Shreemati manju pandey Dr.Harshvardhan asian elephants yogi adityenath save jaipur elephants G.B Reddy stop fake ... Lets gear up for a nationwide movement of Indias elephants.Hathi Gaon Jaipur (Elephant Village ) is a small village that was ...
Anna Smet explained, We always hoped that our elephant subjects whose day job is taking tourists for elephant-back rides near ... Elephants Understand Human Gestures. ______________________________________. Note to self, never flip off an elephant. ... The findings help explain how humans have been able to rely on wild-caught elephants as work animals, for logging, transport, ... And what do you do with elephants when they are overpopulated and eating everything in sight? What do you do with humans when ...
  • His mother Radha Pyari,--Radha the darling,--who had been caught in the same drive with Kala Nag, told him, before his little milk tusks had dropped out, that elephants who were afraid always got hurt. (cmu.edu)
  • Douglas-Hamilton says any ivory sales immediately push up global demand, since elephants could be killed in Kenya and their tusks smuggled into a foreign stockpile. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • I can watch elephants (and elephants alone) for hours at a time, for sooner or later the elephant will do something very strange such as mow grass with its toenails or draw the tusks from the rotted carcass of another elephant and carry them off into the bush. (goodreads.com)
  • Or that baby elephants lose their first set of teeth and tusks, just like humans? (nationalgeographic.com)
  • FACT 4: Elephant tusks are essentially giant teeth. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Much like human teeth, elephant tusks are made of material called dentin. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Young elephants even go through a set of "baby" teeth, but theirs include baby tusks. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Unfortunately, elephants have been illegally hunted for their tusks. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Demand for ivory products (which are made from tusks) has caused elephant populations to decline. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Female dancers and musicians in Indian garb have formed the legs, body, and tusks of the purple elephant here. (metmuseum.org)
  • Upper incisor teeth develop into tusks in African elephants and grow throughout their lifetime. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Savanna elephants are larger than forest elephants, and their tusks curve outwards. (worldwildlife.org)
  • In addition to being smaller, forest elephants are darker and their tusks are straighter and point downward. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Only male Asian Elephants have tusks, so in areas where poaching for ivory is high, it can lead to highly skewed sex ratios among the surviving population. (traffic.org)
  • In the African species, both the male and female elephants have large visible tusks. (greatdreams.com)
  • In that particular case, the tusks of the skeletons were missing, which indicated either hunters killed a group of elephants in one spot, or else opportunistic scavengers removed the tusks from a natural die-off. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tusks from the elephant museum of Kruger Park and from Transvaal Museum gave the data of isotopic diet variations, using collagen with carbon and nitrogen isotopes and carbonates with carbon and oxygen isotopes. (earthtimes.org)
  • In the past five years, 60 percent of its iconic elephant herds have been machine-gunned or poisoned by poachers for the value of their tusks. (npr.org)
  • Trade routes were established and early hunter-explorers were influenced by the availability of elephants, whose ivory tusks slaves could carry. (britannica.com)
  • African elephants use their long tusks to forage through dense jungle brush. (nytimes.com)
  • The rhinos and elephants of Kruger are among the best-protected in Africa. (earthtimes.org)
  • With the illegal trade in ivory decimating elephant numbers across Central Africa, Gabon's action is hoped to be the first step in a regional plan to halt the poachers and traders in their tracks. (earthtimes.org)
  • They say that somewhere in Africa the elephants have a secret grave where they go to lie down, unburden their wrinkled gray bodies, and soar away, light spirits at the end. (goodreads.com)
  • This report is the most authoritative source of knowledge about the numbers and distribution of African elephant populations across their 37 range states in sub-Saharan Africa. (iucn.org)
  • African elephants are listed as Vulnerable and some countries in southern Africa are even experiencing an overpopulation of African elephants. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • But, she added, "protecting elephants in Africa and Asia is far more successful than protecting them in Western zoos. (redorbit.com)
  • For thousands of elephants every year, there is no such happy ending: Experts say 96 elephants are killed across Africa every day. (cnn.com)
  • There's no welfare in Africa -- there's poverty and unemployment, [so] as long as a man can get money from killing an elephant, he will. (cnn.com)
  • Delegates from 30 countries and 27 inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations participated in discussions around key urgent measures required to stem the growing illegal ivory trade and its impacts on elephant populations in Africa. (iucn.org)
  • Populations of elephants-especially in southern and eastern Africa-that once showed promising signs of recovery could be at risk due to the recent surge in poaching for the illegal ivory trade. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Elephant poaching is on the increase and given the fact that Central African Republic for the moment is also in dire straits we are fearing for the worst in terms of people trying to look seriously for ivory," said Bas Huijbregts, head of policy for WWF's campaign against poaching in Central Africa. (yahoo.com)
  • The African Elephant Loxodonta africana occurs in 37 countries in sub-Saharan Africa numbering an estimated 415,000 animals across the continent. (traffic.org)
  • The African Elephant is classified by the IUCN as Vulnerable , although populations in Southern Africa are relatively secure, while those in Central Africa are considered Endangered. (traffic.org)
  • Poaching for ivory is also a major threat, particlarly to African Elephants, with somewhere in the region of 30,000 animals illegally killed per year in Africa in the early 2010s. (traffic.org)
  • Today, most zoos obtain their elephants primarily through breeding, though occasionally zoos will obtain elephants from semi-captive work camps in Asia or rescue elephants that would otherwise be culled in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • They increasingly converted to a grass diet over the time of the study, Stable isotope series from elephant ivory reveal lifetime histories of a true dietary generalist , by Jacqueline Codron et al in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (many researchers from South Africa, Switzerland, US, France and UK took part. (earthtimes.org)
  • Despite the losses to poaching, the Selous still has one of the largest elephant populations left in Africa. (npr.org)
  • In his book, The Selous in Africa: A Long Way from Anywhere , Ross chronicled much more than the elephant slaughter. (npr.org)
  • Tanzania's elephant population, formerly the second biggest in Africa, has dropped from 110,000 in 2005 to fewer than 45,000 today. (npr.org)
  • into south-central Africa, decimating the elephant populations with their firearms. (britannica.com)
  • Historically, the abundance of elephants and other large ungulates may have stimulated some individuals-notably western African hunters in the forests and Europeans in Southern Africa-to occupy certain areas. (britannica.com)
  • While the rhinoceros and the hippopotamus are both large herbivores that live in the same region as the Africa n elephant, the nearest relative to the elephant is the hyrax . (everything2.com)
  • There are two species of elephant - African elephants, of which roughly 400,000 live in sub-Saharan Africa, and Asian elephants, a population of about 35,000 distributed throughout South-East Asia. (everything2.com)
  • All across Africa, India and parts of Southeast Asia, from within and around whatever patches and corridors of their natural habitat remain, elephants have been striking out, destroying villages and crops, attacking and killing human beings. (nytimes.com)
  • In Africa, reports of human-elephant conflicts appear almost daily, from Zambia to Tanzania, from Uganda to Sierra Leone, where 300 villagers evacuated their homes last year because of unprovoked elephant attacks. (nytimes.com)
  • JOHANNESBURG, South Africa - Over and over again, the baby elephant scrapes its skin against the metal bars of a zoo in northern China , appearing agitated and distressed. (mercurynews.com)
  • There is no shortage of elephants in southern Africa and there is demand in China, but animal rights groups argue it's inhumane to take young animals from the wild and send them on difficult journeys to overseas zoos where they are kept - often in dire conditions. (mercurynews.com)
  • Now geneticists have found that the species of elephant that the Egyptians had access to came from modern-day Eritrea in East Africa, and share no genetic markers with forest elephants. (archaeology.org)
  • The MythBusters team, led by Savage and Hyneman, traveled to South Africa to introduce mice into a pack of wild elephants and observed the behavior of these elephants. (reference.com)
  • African elephants, the largest land animals on Earth, are found in sub-Saharan Africa. (reference.com)
  • For the past 10 years, Thailand has been a leader in protecting Asian elephants, and has not allowed the exportation of them out of the Kingdom. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Over the last five years, poachers in Mozambique have killed almost half of the elephants in the country for their ivory. (inhabitat.com)
  • Poachers steal one elephant too many! (earthtimes.org)
  • It also wants to see cooperation between Sudan, Chad and Cameroon to stop the poachers, who have been driven to new heights of elephant slaughter by the demand for ivory from China and Thailand. (earthtimes.org)
  • I witnessed a decade of unprecedented slaughter of African elephants by poachers, out to profit from rising ivory demand in Asia's fast-growing economies of the day. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Dozens of elephants are currently being gunned down daily by high-tech poachers wielding AK-47s, part of highly organized international criminal networks. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • It also attracts poachers who target the elephants for ivory. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • International bans on the sale of ivory since 1989 have failed to halt the hunters -- with a single elephant tusk selling on the black market in China for as much as $100,000 to $200,000, the poachers have a strong financial motive to keep up the slaughter. (cnn.com)
  • The high stakes involved mean those battling against the poachers put themselves in harm's way to save elephants -- but they insist their work is a vocation. (cnn.com)
  • We observed on five occasions that the elephants went without sleep for up to 46 hours," said the study, noting that sometimes the elephants travelled significant distances, perhaps to avoid predators, poachers, or bulls seeking to mate. (news24.com)
  • Commercial logging, plantations for biofuels and extractive industries like logging and mining not only destroy habitat but also open access to remote elephant forests for poachers. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Accomplice poachers told the victim's family that he had been killed by an elephant on Tuesday. (freerepublic.com)
  • Now the political chaos unleashed by a rebellion that overthrew Central African Republic's president of a decade has enabled elephant poachers to further their slaughter. (yahoo.com)
  • The poachers are used to killing elephants in savannah terrain though experts say they are increasingly adapting their methods to hunt elephants in the forest terrain of southern Central African Republic and in neighboring Cameroon. (yahoo.com)
  • It's an ideal home for massive elephant herds - and it also has attracted some of the world's deadliest poachers. (npr.org)
  • Thai poachers target elephants for meat Jump to media player Thailand's wildlife experts say that elephants could face extinction if they continue to be hunted as a source of meat. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Water for Elephants is a 2011 American romantic drama film directed by Francis Lawrence and written by Richard LaGravenese , based on Sara Gruen 's 2006 novel of the same name . (wikipedia.org)
  • In Water for Elephants , Sara Gruen makes the 1930s-circus world come to life and in Jacob gives us a main character we care about. (csmonitor.com)
  • 20th Century Fox has released a new trailer for Water for Elephants, the adaptation of the Sara Gruen novel of the same name directed by Francis Lawrence (I Am Legend). (collider.com)
  • Hitting theaters later this year on April 22nd is Francis Lawrence's (I Am Legend) adaptation of the Sara Gruen novel Water for Elephants. (collider.com)
  • And why can baby elephants be taken across the world to China when almost every other species in danger is protected by international laws? (earthtimes.org)
  • By 1989, more than 600,000 elephants had been killed-half of Africa's entire population (Kenya alone lost 85 percent of its herd), leading to a global ban shortly there- after on the trade and sale of ivory by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Some Thai elephant experts believe that the survival of the Asian elephant species will most likely depend on the good treatment of the elephants in well managed privately owned elephant camps. (youtube.com)
  • In 1986, the Asian elephant became an endangered species. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Yet now, 10 years later Thailand is wanting to digress, straying away from it's leading position, while ignoring the critical situation of an endangered species -- the Asian elephant. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Poaching for ivory is a major threat to elephant species. (iucn.org)
  • African elephants are a vulnerable and imperiled species that can be agents of deforestation and reduce regional biodiversity.These effects are particularly strong in areas where elephants have been artificially confined in high-density aggregations. (innovations-report.com)
  • It`s an issue of increasing urgency because Asian elephants are an endangered species and African elephants are classified as threatened. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The presence of African elephants helps to maintain suitable habitats for many other species. (worldwildlife.org)
  • In central African forests, up to 30 percent of tree species may require elephants to help with dispersal and germination. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Elephants are a keystone species , and hold their ecosystem together by playing an integral role. (greatdreams.com)
  • So it seems elephants are capable in theory of creating/destroying environment almost as easily as the human species. (earthtimes.org)
  • African forest-dwelling elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) are a separate species from those living in the African savanna (Loxodonta africana), researchers have shown. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Scientists have long debated whether African elephants belong to the same or different species. (scientificamerican.com)
  • But studies had suggested they were the same species -- DNA in mitochondria (the cell's energy factories) from African elephants found evidence of interbreeding between forest and savanna elephants around 500,000 years ago. (scientificamerican.com)
  • By comparing all these genomes, the team found that the forest and savanna elephants diverged into separate species between 2.6 and 5.6 million years ago. (scientificamerican.com)
  • They split about the same time as African and Asian elephants split into separate species, and much longer ago than people previously thought,' says David Reich, a population geneticist at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts, and a lead author on the study. (scientificamerican.com)
  • You can no more call African elephants the same species as you can Asian elephants and the mammoth,' he adds. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Most researchers agree that the Asian elephant and the mammoth are separate species, says Thomas Gilbert, a geneticist at the University of Copenhagen. (scientificamerican.com)
  • All African elephants are currently conserved as the same species. (scientificamerican.com)
  • K -selected species Adult and young African savanna elephants ( Loxodonta africana ) crossing a stream. (britannica.com)
  • Elephants are classic examples of K -selected species-that is, species characterized by relatively stable populations. (britannica.com)
  • Biologists believe that the hyrax is closely related to the elephant due to the configuration and articulation of the feet of both species. (everything2.com)
  • Elephants are Proboscideans , members of an order that once included some 200 species of mammoths , mastodons , gomphotheres and deinotherians . (everything2.com)
  • The latter species is what used to be known as the Indian elephant, something of a gross misnomer since they are native to at least 12 Asian countries). (everything2.com)
  • In 1997, the 'Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species' (CITES), an international treaty with over 160 member nations prohibited the commercial marketing of ivory and the illegal poaching of elephants. (hubpages.com)
  • The situation is dire for Asian elephants as there are approximately 30,000 left on the planet with around 23,000 of them in India, and therefore protecting every single Asian elephant is necessary for the long term survival of this endangered species. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • When reports regarding the capture and imminent shipment of elephants and other species from Zimbabwe to North Korea were published in the media recently, PAWS was shocked and dismayed. (constantcontact.com)
  • According to the World Wildlife Fund, the same harmfull deforestation practices which have already halved the elephants' population since the mid-1980s continues on through to today virtually unabated -- putting the majestic and endangered species on a collision course with extinction. (treehugger.com)
  • Among the island's hardest-hit species have been large land mammals, like Sumatran elephants, which are highly dependent on large swaths of uninterrupted forest. (treehugger.com)
  • There are two species of elephants: the Asian elephant, which lives in south and southeast Asia, and the African elephant, which lives in sub-Saharan Afric. (reference.com)
  • Modern writers have speculated that the Egyptians had African forest elephants, a smaller species than the savannah variety. (archaeology.org)
  • Memory, migration and magnificent skills serve the Namibian elephant well, as they probably have for other, long-dead elephant populations in the severest African climates. (earthtimes.org)
  • The established practice of Asian-inspired poaching of African and other elephants has had a terrible impact on populations everywhere. (earthtimes.org)
  • Following the ivory ban, things started to improve: The number of elephants killed illegally declined, and their populations also began to rebound in Kenya and Tanzania. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Around 23,000 elephants live in Kenya but populations can be devastated by poaching within a couple of years. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Asian elephant populations have decreased immensely. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Habitat fragmentation, poaching for ivory, and conflict with local farmers are all factors that put elephant populations at risk. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Numbering three to five million in the last century, African elephant populations were severely reduced to its current levels because of hunting. (worldwildlife.org)
  • African elephants have less room to roam than ever before as expanding human populations convert land for agriculture, settlements and developments. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Habitat destruction, fragmentation and degradation is a severe threat to elephant populations. (traffic.org)
  • Increased restrictions on the capture of wild elephants and dwindling wild populations caused zoos to turn to captive breeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Without an increase in birth rates or an influx of wild elephants, practitioners fear that captive elephant populations could become non-viable within 50 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some African locales, though, elephant populations are stable or growing because of preservation measures such as bans on ivory trade. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Many protected areas, however, seem to be too small for their increasing elephant populations. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In some areas, including much of Asia, humans continue to invade elephant country even as animal populations are dwindling. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In consequence, the 19th century saw entire populations of African elephants exterminated. (hubpages.com)
  • Rowan Martin, Zimbabwe's best-known elephant expert and veteran ecologist, was hired to write a comprehensive document on transporting elephants from the wild to a life in captivity. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The biggest challenge for these and any elephants in captivity is enrichment. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Interestingly, under 5 percent of elephants in captivity die from cancer. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • To effectively manage elephants in captivity, animal experts say, keepers must establish dominance, much like the matriarch of the herd in the wild. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The question is: If the only way to handle an elephant in captivity is to dominate it, often by beating it, should elephants be handled at all? (chicagotribune.com)
  • The American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums is re-evaluating the ways elephants are maintained in captivity. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The hurdy gurdy made a raucous noise and the monkey held up a sign that said, "Please help" I then saw a scene with elephants walking down the street, trunk to tail, trunk to tail, trunk to tail, like they do in captivity. (greatdreams.com)
  • I note that this isn't the first time I've been asked to do a page on elephants in captivity. (greatdreams.com)
  • Elephants in captivity, whether in zoos, circuses or safari parks, experience radically different lifestyles compared to wild elephants. (greatdreams.com)
  • Elephants in captivity often develop severe mental disorders. (greatdreams.com)
  • Elephants in captivity are elephants kept under human care in a facility such as a zoo, sanctuary, circus, or camp, usually under veterinary supervision. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nearly one in three Asian elephants lives in captivity-about 15,000 in total-mostly in work camps, temples, and ecotourism sites in the countries in which they naturally occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • In captivity, providing elephants with a social structure that resembles a wild social structure is difficult, in part because moving elephants between different facilities to mimic male dispersal or facilitate breeding is a logistically challenging task, but also because the extreme aggression of adult male elephants in musth poses a health and safety threat to keepers and other elephants alike. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elephants in captivity can be trained to perform a variety of tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a disgrace to the human, the most elevated being on earth, that the elephant, the biggest creature on the land, is exploited, harnessed, and tortured in captivity to such inexplicable proportio. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Elephant calves form close bonds with their mothers and other female relatives, Neale explained, and removing a young elephant from its herd in the wild to captivity is devastating. (mercurynews.com)
  • Shortly after the Robert Pattinson-Reese Witherspoon film 'Water for Elephants' hit theaters in April, a dark cloud appeared over the delicate period romance. (latimes.com)
  • Photo: Robert Pattinson with Tai the elephant in a scene from 'Water for Elephants. (latimes.com)
  • Robert Pattinson To Talk 'Water For Elephants' On 'MTV First' Live Stream! (mtv.com)
  • Why should we mourn an African elephant? (earthtimes.org)
  • The eating experiences of the wild African elephant, Loxodonta africana, over several decades have been difficult to measure until isotopic studies came to the rescue. (earthtimes.org)
  • Introduces, in simple text and illustrations, the physical characteristics, habits, natural environment, and relationship to humans of the Indian and African elephant. (worldcat.org)
  • If the massacres do not stop, our children could be the last generation to see an African elephant in the wild. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The future of the African elephant ultimately rests with one country-China, by far the world's largest market for ivory products. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The mission of the IUCN SSC African Elephant Specialist Group is to promote the long-term conservation of Africa's elephants throughout their range. (iucn.org)
  • Explore the African Elephant Library . (iucn.org)
  • The case of the bumphead parrotfish is analogous in interesting ways to the African elephant," McCauley continued. (innovations-report.com)
  • Calimero, a 23-year-old male African elephant who spent 18 years with two female Asian elephants in an enclosure in Switzerland's Basel Zoo, proved to be a dab hand at imitating their characteristic chirping calls. (redorbit.com)
  • The African Elephant Summit was held in Gaborone, Botswana from 2-4 December 2013. (iucn.org)
  • Following two days of discussion and negotiation, a set of urgent measures were adopted by consensus by delegates at the African Elephant Summit, representing 30 countries and a number of inter-governmental organizations. (iucn.org)
  • Throughout the course of the African Elephant Summit, a number of speeches and presentations were made. (iucn.org)
  • On 23 March, 2015, the Government of Botswana hosted the African Elephant Meeting as a follow-up to the African Elephant Summit. (iucn.org)
  • The African elephant is the largest animal walking the Earth. (worldwildlife.org)
  • It is estimated that probably one quarter to one third of the total African elephant population is made up of forest elephants. (worldwildlife.org)
  • The first successful captive birth in North America of an Asian elephant occurred at Oregon Zoo in 1962, while the first African elephant captive birth occurred at Knoxville Zoological Gardens in 1978. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was an amazing moment as I had never seen an African elephant before. (pbs.org)
  • The researchers sequenced the nuclear genomes of both types of African elephant, as well as that of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). (scientificamerican.com)
  • A crusty circus owner struggles to find a home for an African elephant named Flora in Lisa Leeman's documentary. (latimes.com)
  • The African elephant in question is Flora, the namesake of Circus Flora, a small one-ring establishment based in St. Louis. (latimes.com)
  • African elephant African elephant scratching his neck on a tree. (britannica.com)
  • African elephant Two male African elephants fighting. (britannica.com)
  • months and that of the African elephant 21 to 22 months. (britannica.com)
  • and wild nature, however, the African elephant-unlike the Asian elephant-is not used for draft or haulage purposes. (britannica.com)
  • The the long history of the elephant is one soaked in horrific bloodshed and forever tied to the ivory trade, especially in the case of the African elephant. (hubpages.com)
  • Unfortunately, due to the lack of accurate and extensive inside field reporting, the road to the African elephant population recovery is slow, and a long way ahead. (hubpages.com)
  • For this reason among many other, animal lovers and conservationists world-wide need to take a stand against buying ivory, lest we see the complete disappearance of the African elephant by the year 2020, according to reliable statistics. (hubpages.com)
  • Eight years ago a plaque commemorating the naming of The Cynthia Moss African Elephant Habitat was erected near PAWS' 80-acre African elephant habitat at ARK 2000. (constantcontact.com)
  • On that day, May 11, 2002, Pat Derby and Ed Stewart announced that PAWS' new 80-acre African elephant habitat was to be named The Cynthia Moss African Elephant Habitat . (constantcontact.com)
  • An African elephant and her baby in Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe. (mercurynews.com)
  • The war on elephants Jump to media player Africa's elephants are being killed at an astonishing rate for their ivory. (bbc.co.uk)
  • In his book "Africa's Elephants": A Biography, Martin Meredith explains that even as far back as 500BC, an entire herd of Syrian elephants had been entirely wiped out. (hubpages.com)
  • To make a sad story, even sadder, by the 20th century, most of West Africa's elephants had been wiped out. (hubpages.com)
  • Read official AfESG statements on captive elephants and elephant genetics. (iucn.org)
  • Elephants living in zoos have shorter lives than their wild counterparts, according to a new study that will most certainly stir debate about their captive situations. (redorbit.com)
  • Mlaika, a 10-year-old adolescent female elephant living among semi-captive orphaned elephants in Tsavo, Kenya, imitated trucks as they passed her stockade, even though it is three kilometers (1.8 miles) from the nearest road, the researchers report in Nature, the British science weekly. (redorbit.com)
  • The earliest evidence of captive elephants dates to the Indus Valley Civilization about 4,500 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, captive elephants have been used around the world in war, ceremony, and for manual labor and entertainment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Captive elephants have been kept in animal collections for at least 3,500 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • An estimated 17% of humans worldwide die from cancer, but less than 5% percent of captive elephants-who also live for about 70 years, and have about 100 times as many potentially cancerous cells as humans-die from the disease. (genengnews.com)
  • Tuberculosis (TB) is a reemerging disease in captive elephants, with increasing numbers of cases reported in the past two decades from different countries. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • As animal welfare groups around the world eagerly await India's Supreme Court verdict on the petition for captive elephants filed by Wildlife Rescue and Rehabilitation Center (WRRC), Ms. Suparna Baksi Ganguly, (SG) the Hon. President of WRRC weighs in on the future of India's heritage animal. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • In just over eight months, 16 captive and five wild elephants have died due to human interference -- that is more than two elephants a month. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • When the elephants are extinct, as seems likely at the moment, that ivory price in China will rise even higher! (earthtimes.org)
  • Modern and extinct elephants evolved many features to support the colossal bulk of their bodies. (wired.com)
  • There have been drastic population declines in the last hundred years, especially in the 1970 s and 80 s thanks to the bloody ivory trade, and elephants are now extinct in many former ranges. (greatdreams.com)
  • They also extracted and sequenced DNA from the extinct woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) and mastodon (Mammut americanum) -- ancient elephant ancestors. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Here, we show that elephants and their extinct relatives (proboscideans) may have resolved Peto's paradox in part through refunctionalizing a leukemia inhibitory factor pseudogene (LIF6) with pro-apoptotic functions. (genengnews.com)
  • Scientists say that if current trends continue, Sumatran elephants could be extinct in the wild in less than 30 years. (treehugger.com)
  • African savanna elephant African savanna elephant ( Loxodonta africana ). (britannica.com)
  • related to one another than African elephants (genus Loxodonta ) are to either. (britannica.com)
  • The African savanna, or bush, elephant ( Loxodonta africana ) weighs up to 8,000 kg (9 tons) and stands 3 to 4 metres (10 to 13 feet) at the shoulder. (britannica.com)
  • Elephants ( Loxodonta africana ) wander great distances in search of the best food and water supply. (britannica.com)
  • elephants are highly social beings and females stay with their herds until they die. (cnn.com)
  • In the 1980s, an estimated 100,000 elephants were killed each year and up to 80% of herds were lost in some regions. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Limited resources combined with remote and inaccessible elephant habitats make it difficult for governments to monitor and protect elephant herds. (worldwildlife.org)
  • In the wild, elephant herds usually consist of a matriarch that leads a stable group of related adult females and their young offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • When male elephants reach maturity, they usually disperse from the herds where they were born and live on their own. (wikipedia.org)
  • Herds of female forest elephants could have repeatedly come into contact and bred with migrating male savanna elephants. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The continual movement of elephant herds creates mosaic patterns of growth capable of sustaining the biodiversity needed for a healthy ecosystem. (everything2.com)
  • While animal lovers cheered this success, by that point it was impossible for the young elephants' family herds to be located. (mercurynews.com)
  • Iain Douglas-Hamilton, founder of Save the Elephants, said 100,000 African elephants have been killed for their ivory in just the past three years. (cnn.com)
  • While there are laws regulating ivory sales in China, they are not being adequately enforced , according to a report Tuesday from Save the Elephants and The Aspinall Foundation. (cnn.com)
  • African elephants could disappear from the wild within a generation," warns founder of Save the Elephants. (cnn.com)
  • Iain Douglas-Hamilton is the founder of Save the Elephants. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • SOUNDBITE (English) Iain Douglas-Hamilton, Founder, Save the Elephants: "The drought we are seeing this year in Northern Kenya is the worst we have seen in 12 years while we have been working there. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • SOUNDBITE (English) Iain Douglas-Hamilton, Founder, Save the Elephants: "So lack of food is the real problem. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • SOUNDBITE: (English) Iain Douglas Hamilton, Founder of Save the Elephants: "This year in Samburu surrounding areas, well over 100 elephants have died and it is way up from last year and it's from these twin main causes, which is poaching and drought. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • He said Zimbabwe has been exporting elephants for many years and that as far as he can ascertain, the youngsters' new home, was "massive" compared to zoos in Europe or the United States. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • These elephants were exported for experimentation/research, gifted as a token of friendship, for zoos, for circuses, etc. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Researchers compared the life spans of elephants in European zoos with those living in Amboseli National Park in Kenya and others working on a timber enterprise in Myanmar. (redorbit.com)
  • The new findings were published in the journal Science where researchers wrote obesity is a leading cause of death in adult zoo elephants, and stress is a killer of young animals moved between zoos. (redorbit.com)
  • In recent years, animal care activists have campaigned to discourage keeping elephants in zoos due to the lack of space and small numbers of animals that can be kept in a group. (redorbit.com)
  • The median life span for African elephants in European zoos was 16.9 years, compared with 56 years for elephants who died of natural causes in Kenya's Amboseli Park. (redorbit.com)
  • For the more endangered Asian elephants, the median life span in European zoos was 18.9 years, compared with 41.7 years for those working in the Myanmar Timber Enterprise. (redorbit.com)
  • Ros Clubb from Britain's Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) says diet and lifestyle are the key factors influencing elephant lifespan in zoos. (redorbit.com)
  • One of our more amazing results" was that Asian elephants born in zoos have shorter life spans than do Asian elephants brought to the zoos from the wild, she said. (redorbit.com)
  • She noted zoos typically lack large grazing areas that elephants are used to in the wild. (redorbit.com)
  • Elephants in zoos are not the ``gentle giants`` they appear. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Most zoos in America have only female elephants, which can be unpredictable. (chicagotribune.com)
  • In British zoos and circuses, many elephants are unnaturally kept singly or in pairs. (greatdreams.com)
  • Before the 1980s, zoos obtained their elephants by capturing them from the wild. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, 286 elephants were kept in American zoos (147 African elephants and 139 Asian elephants). (wikipedia.org)
  • In North America, Australasia, and Europe, elephants are primarily trained for circuses, where they may be trained to perform tricks for the entertainment of crowds, and in zoos, where they may be trained to participate in their own husbandry by, for example, presenting their feet for nail trims or opening their mouth for dental exams. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Defense of Animals released its 8th annual list of the Ten Worst Zoos for Elephants. (care2.com)
  • Their advocacy for elephants in zoos has called attention to the suffering many of these magnificent creatures endure. (care2.com)
  • Zoos were rated in three categories: lack of space for elephants to roam, unsuitably cold climates and unnatural living conditions. (care2.com)
  • IDA's Ten Worst Zoos for Elephants list illustrates the many serious problems that condemn elephants to lives of misery in zoos," said IDA Elephant Campaign Director Catherine Doyle. (care2.com)
  • As a result of IDA's advocacy the Association of Zoos and Aquariums have established new policies for the treatment of elephants and the closing of elephant displays at Central Florida Zoo and Southwick's Zoo in Massachusetts. (care2.com)
  • Now animal rights groups in Zimbabwe are fighting to stop more of their country's baby elephants from being taken from the wild and sold to zoos in China, which pay handsomely for these animals from Zimbabwe's cash-strapped national parks. (mercurynews.com)
  • He said that Chinese zoos have paid for a total of eight elephants, and when public attention lessens, the rest of the order will be shipped. (mercurynews.com)
  • In addition to those still touring, there are 29 elephants on the property now, and two additional animals are on breeding loans to zoos, Feld said. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Tourists can enjoy elephants in their natural habitat rather than viewing them in the exploitative tourism industry where they are continuously chained and abused. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Forest elephants, a distinct subspecies of African elephants, are uniquely adapted to the forest habitat of the Congo Basin, but are in sharp decline due to poaching for the international ivory trade. (worldwildlife.org)
  • for example, the Sumatran elephant which has lost 69% of its habitat in just a single generation. (traffic.org)
  • One theory involves people finding groups of elephant skeletons together, or observing old elephants and skeletons in the same habitat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grass has constituted greater and greater percentages of elephant diet over several decades while trees have declined in the diet, mirroring the loss of those types of habitat. (earthtimes.org)
  • Lucy, the Asian elephant who has been at the center of protests to set her free and a lawsuit that may end up in front of the Supreme Court in Canada lives alone in a small habitat in one of the most "inhospitable climates imaginable for an elephant. (care2.com)
  • During his time in the Selous from 2008 to 2014, "There has been a noticeable habitat change because of the loss of elephants," he says in a telephone interview from his home in Basalt, Colo. "They're not coming through the country as much. (npr.org)
  • It is a difficult dilemma in areas where elephant habitat is shrinking and the human population is increasing such that poor farmers have little choice but to expand their farms to make ends meet," she said in a telephone interview from a Namibian field camp. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The elephants face threats of deforestation, habitat fragmentation and predation by humans. (upi.com)
  • An immediate moratorium on habitat conversion is needed to secure a future for Sumatran elephants," says the WWF in a statement, as reported by The Telegraph . (treehugger.com)
  • What kind of habitat do African Elephants prefer? (reference.com)
  • Elephants are threatened by habitat loss, conflict with humans and ivory poaching. (ifaw.org)
  • Last year, Feld Entertainment announced that the elephants would be phased out and eventually retired by 2018. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • African elephants are the largest of Earth's land mammals. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • While they can walk and swim, elephants are one of the few mammals that can't jump. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The findings in the journal PLOS ONE are based on two female wild African elephants - living in Botswana's Chobe National Park - who appear to sleep the least of any known mammals to date. (news24.com)
  • The Western cattle egret is often seen near the legs of elephants and other large mammals, feeding on the insects disturbed by the movements of the bird's much larger partner. (npr.org)
  • The elephants are regularly poisoned by local palm oil farmers who see the mammals as pests. (upi.com)
  • The animals, all around five years old, were part of a 27-strong group of elephants captured last year in Hwange National Park. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The St Andrews researchers worked with a group of elephants who give rides to tourists in Zimbabwe. (freerepublic.com)
  • I wish the cell phone program to protect people and elephants success! (youtube.com)
  • But by studying the complicated nature of conservation, we can come closer to finding a way that both people and elephants (with their exceptional intelligence and larger-than-life presence) can peacefully co-exist. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Stories of torture, neglect, exploitation, frustration, devastation and untimely deaths of people and elephants coming out of Kerala are disheartening. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • An elephants' graveyard (also written elephant graveyard, elephant's graveyard, or elephants' cemetery) is a place where, according to legend, older elephants instinctively direct themselves when they reach a certain age. (wikipedia.org)
  • One Lucky Elephant" opens 16 years later, in the year 2000, with Balding wondering whether he's made "a mistake taking this elephant's life and merging it with mine. (latimes.com)
  • After news of the young African elephant's death at Taiyuan Zoo, five other 3- and 4-year-old elephants slated to be sent to China were returned to the wild following weeks of pressure from the Zimbabwe National SPCA. (mercurynews.com)
  • The team considered the elephant's behavior cautious around the mice, making it plausible that elephants are afraid of mice. (reference.com)
  • Along with all the homes and shelters for the elephants It is world's third and India's first elephant village. (change.org)
  • As the world's largest land mammal, elephants have quite the commanding presence. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Elephants are the world's largest vegetarians. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Scientists at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) study Asian elephants, which are endangered. (si.edu)
  • There are about 30,000 to 50,000 Asian elephants left in the wild-that's compared to about 500,000 African elephants in the wild. (si.edu)
  • Despite coexisting with Asian elephants for thousands of years, dramatic changes in how people interact with land and elephants have caused a significant increase in human-elephant conflict. (si.edu)
  • SCBI scientists, with local and regional experts, are developing tools for the management and protection of Asian elephants. (si.edu)
  • Asian and African elephants from across the Smithsonian are featured below. (si.edu)
  • Please note that exporting these Thailand treasures will only add to the rapid decrease in the ever dwindling Asian elephant population, which is already on the verge of extinction. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • For action against a fraud NGO collecting donations from all over the world and misleading people through false information by a fake campaign.please support asian elephants by a comment on this link. (change.org)
  • Learn about both Asian and African elephants and the threats facing these highly intelligent animals today. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • FACT 5: African elephants are not endangered -- but their Asian cousins are. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • There are approximately 40,000-50,000 Asian elephants, however this is thought to be a fairly crude population estimate, but the overall trend of population change is a negative one. (traffic.org)
  • Another threat peculiar to Asian Elephants is that of trafficking of live animals: elephants are in demand, particularly in the forestry industry and work within the toruism industry. (traffic.org)
  • TRAFFIC first drew attention to this illegal trade in live Asian Elephants in 2008 , and followed this up with an in-depth study . (traffic.org)
  • The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates the total population of Asian elephants in the wild is 40,000 to 50,000, and that of African elephants in the wild is 400,000 to 600,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connie and Shaba are two elephants at the zoo that have a 30 year bond, but Reid Park Zoo will soon separate the two because Connie, who is an Asian elephant doesn't fit into their new African-themed attraction. (care2.com)
  • Asian elephants have passed a test of cooperation with flying colors, one that cognitive psychologists say demonstrates an ape-level awareness and sense of teamwork. (wired.com)
  • But he acknowledges that Asian elephants are unique among social, cooperative animals in their amenability to study. (wired.com)
  • Video: 1) Two Asian elephants help each other pull a table bearing banana treats closer. (wired.com)
  • 2) An especially clever Asian elephant named Neua Un figures out how to make her partner do all the work. (wired.com)
  • Through my sojourns during my recent visit to Kerala, Lakshmi -- the most gorgeous 25-year-old female Asian elephant -- left an indelible impression. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Jan. 17 (UPI) -- Genetic analysis has offered new insights into how the Bornean elephant, a subspecies of the Asian elephant, came to occupy a small portion of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. (upi.com)
  • The Bornean pigmy elephant grows to a height of eight feet, two feet shorter than Asian elephants. (upi.com)
  • Feld owns the largest herd of Asian elephants in North America. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Yet there was only one battle in which African elephants and their Asian cousins are known to have met-the Battle of Raphia, in Gaza, in 217 B.C. According to the historian Polybius, it wasn't even a contest. (archaeology.org)
  • He writes that the African pachyderms, under the command of the Ptolemaic pharaoh of Egypt, panicked and tried to flee at the sight of the larger Asian elephants of the Seleucid army. (archaeology.org)
  • Yet African savannah elephants are typically bigger and stronger than Asian ones. (archaeology.org)
  • Two Asian Elephants eat Christmas trees at Tierpark zoo in Berlin on Jan. 4, 2019. (courthousenews.com)
  • In 2015, Joshua Schiffman at the University of Utah School of Medicine and Carlo Maley at Arizona State University headed a team of researchers who showed that the elephant genome has about 20 extra duplicates of p53 , a canonical tumor suppressor gene. (wired.com)
  • The researchers, Anna Smet and Professor Richard Byrne from the University s School of Psychology and Neuroscience, set out to test whether African elephants could learn to follow pointing and were surprised to find them responding successfully from the first trial. (freerepublic.com)
  • The researchers say that it is possible that elephants may do something akin to pointing as a means of communicating with each other, using their long trunk. (freerepublic.com)
  • Miami - Elephants hardly ever sleep in the wild, getting around two hours of shut-eye per night and only in the wee hours of the morning, researchers say. (news24.com)
  • Researchers fitted the elephants' trunks with movement trackers, similar to personal fitness monitors and their necks with GPS collars complete with gyroscopes and followed their activities for 35 days. (news24.com)
  • Researchers said factors such as temperature and humidity were more likely than sunrise and sunset to influence when elephants went to sleep. (news24.com)
  • The physical, mental, and social aspects of the life of a wild elephant are so complex that scientists and researchers are still discovering unknown facts about elephants. (greatdreams.com)
  • Elephants' level of self-awareness continues to amaze researchers worldwide. (latimes.com)
  • Mitochondrial DNA evidence suggesting that forest and savanna elephants interbred recently and had a recent shared female ancestor can be explained as a result of the female elephant's social behaviour, the researchers say. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The elephant-protecting function served by LIF6 was recently uncovered by researchers from the University of Chicago. (genengnews.com)
  • Unexpectedly, however, the researchers found that elephants have 20 copies of p53. (genengnews.com)
  • In fact, these attacks have become so commonplace that a new statistical category, known as Human-Elephant Conflict, or H.E.C., was created by elephant researchers in the mid-1990's to monitor the problem. (nytimes.com)
  • Dr. Joshua Schiffman, a pediatric cancer specialist at the University of Utah, is one of the researchers trying to find clues in the blood samples of some of the Ringling elephants. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • A baby elephant tethered to its mother reaches out to a tourist at the world biggest Elephant Buffet in Surin, northeast Thailand November 16, 2007. (reuters.com)
  • For seventeen-year Thai mahout old Aim, from the northeast city of Surin, five-year old Leo's dancing and painting skills were evidence that spending 500,000 baht ($15,770) on the baby elephant three years ago was a good investment. (reuters.com)
  • A baby elephant suckles from its mother as they wait for tourists to feed them sugarcane at the Surin Elephant Round-up festival in northeast Thailand November 18, 2007. (reuters.com)
  • They say they're like a member of the family but I saw a baby elephant bleeding on the head where he'd been hit. (reuters.com)
  • It's unacceptable that a baby elephant is taken from its mother and sent to a foreign country with substandard conditions," he said. (mercurynews.com)
  • Elephants, guarded by their mahouts, took part in a soccer match on the final day of the Elephant Race event at Sauraha in Chitwan in Nepal Wednesday. (ibtimes.com)
  • Mahouts and their elephants vie for a ball during a soccer match on the final day of the Elephant Race event at Sauraha in Chitwan, about 170 km (106 miles) south of Kathmandu Dec. 28, 2011. (ibtimes.com)
  • Mahouts and their elephants run after a ball during a soccer match on the final day of the Elephant Race event at Sauraha in ChitwanDec. (ibtimes.com)
  • Every year hundreds of elephants and mahouts head to the city to take part in the country's biggest elephant festival, selling sugarcane to tourists to feed them, and taking them for rides around town. (reuters.com)
  • Casual elephant encounters are easy to find at trekking camps and public festivals such as those in Surin, where mahouts control the animals with a series of commands and a sharp pointed hook, called the angkus, as they weave among crowds. (reuters.com)
  • But being so close to the elephants and their mahouts also raises questions, she said. (reuters.com)
  • With mahouts, they have been used as working animals in forestry, as war elephants (by commanders such as Hannibal), for cultural and ceremonial use (such as temple elephants), as a method of execution, for public displays such as circus elephants, in elephant polo and in zoological gardens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between January and mid-March Kerala has witnessed more than 216 stampedes, with three elephants and five people dead, including four mahouts and a lady -- a replica of 2015 and aligned with previous years. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • With help from mahouts and staff members of the Thai Elephant Conservation Center, they organized a band of six domesticated elephants, crafted instruments, and set out to prove their point. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Lets gear up for a nationwide movement of India's elephants.Hathi Gaon Jaipur (Elephant Village ) is a small village that was set up by the government in 2010 to give proper shelter and water facilities to all the families and their elephants that served tourists in and around Amer Fort during the day. (change.org)
  • Anna Smet explained, We always hoped that our elephant subjects whose day job is taking tourists for elephant-back rides near Victoria Falls would be able to learn to follow human pointing. (freerepublic.com)
  • After a high-profile anti-elephant abuse campaign by animal rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals in 2002 called for tourists to boycott Thailand, image remains important to the million dollar industry. (reuters.com)
  • In Nepal, for example, elephants are ridden by forest rangers to patrol national forests and for entertainment by tourists. (wikipedia.org)
  • In hot and dry conditions, Kenyas elephants are forced to forage for food and water along dry river beds. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The new film "Water for Elephants" releases wide next Friday, but excited fans will have the chance to experience the world premiere much sooner. (webpronews.com)
  • To sustain this massive size, an adult elephant has to consume an enormous amount -- up to 50 gallons of water and about 220 pounds of food (or approximately 70,000 calories) every day. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • As they migrate from place to place throughout their lives, elephants can remember locations of water sources along their migration routes. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • A decorous, respectable adaptation of Sara Gruen's engaging best-seller, Water for Elephants would have come more excitingly alive with stronger doses of Depression-era grit and sexual spunk. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • 20th Century Fox has release 8 clips and 17 high resolution images from the upcoming drama, Water for Elephants. (collider.com)
  • An elephant can actually hold in excess of 12 litres of water in its trunk. (greatdreams.com)
  • Wild elephants frequently bathe in mud and water. (greatdreams.com)
  • Visitors to the park were able to pay to have the elephants spray water onto their vehicles and wipe down the cars with sponges. (care2.com)
  • Elephants know where to dig for the underground water. (npr.org)
  • Another observation: Ross says there are fewer elephants that go into the dry riverbeds and dig for water. (npr.org)
  • Water for Elephants' actor accepts Favorite Drama Movie award in button-up and jeans. (mtv.com)
  • Does 'Water For Elephants' Prove Robert Pattinson's Box-Office Draw? (mtv.com)
  • Madea's Big Happy Family,' 'Water for Elephants' can't shake animated flick from the top of the box office. (mtv.com)
  • Water For Elephants' Cheat Sheet: Everything You Need To Know! (mtv.com)
  • Water for Elephants' actress reveals, 'He did have a very runny nose. (mtv.com)
  • Water for Elephants' helmer Francis Lawrence opens up about shooting the diva's video. (mtv.com)
  • There has to be some kind of moment where you feel a different energy around someone,' the 'Water for Elephants' star tells MTV News. (mtv.com)
  • 20th Century Fox has released a new international trailer for Water for Elephants . (collider.com)
  • Water for Elephants open on April 22. (collider.com)
  • Curiously, "Water for Elephants" is a rather lightweight pleasure, functioning as a bastard offspring of a daytime TV Soap Opera and James Cameron's colossal hit "Titanic" (1997). (chicagonow.com)
  • Again appearing in the role of an elderly, elegant man wistfully looking back on his past, "Water for Elephants" is a story told entirely through flashbacks as Mr. Holbrook (Old Jacob) tells about his experiences in the circus in 1931. (chicagonow.com)
  • In the end, "Water for Elephants" reminds me of a moment in "The Big Chill" (1983) when Kevin Kline caught William Hurt watching some mindless show on TV. (chicagonow.com)
  • Beautifully written, Water for Elephants is illuminated by a wonderful sense of time and place. (goodreads.com)
  • To ask other readers questions about Water for Elephants , please sign up . (goodreads.com)
  • Elephants do not eat or drink through the trunk, but use it to lift food and water to the mouth. (everything2.com)
  • Water for Elephants has two plots going on, both starring the same main character, Jacob. (shmoop.com)
  • WATER FOR ELEPHANTS is not a film I expected much from. (joblo.com)
  • Luckily, my gut was wrong, and WATER FOR ELEPHANTS ended up being a very pleasant surprise. (joblo.com)
  • It s a loving made, old-fashioned film, similar to recent period films like SEABISCUIT and THE NOTEBOOK, and I found myself getting quite invested in WATER FOR ELEPHANTS over the two-hour running time, which whizzed by. (joblo.com)
  • You could accuse me of being prejudiced against him, but once I started getting in to WATER FOR ELEPHANTS, I really wanted to like him in the role. (joblo.com)
  • My problems with the casting aside, I still really enjoyed WATER FOR ELEPHANTS, mostly for the wonderful story, the gorgeous cinematography and production design, and the lovely musical score by James Newton Howard. (joblo.com)
  • With logging banned in 1989, more babies are hitting streets and trekking camps to meet tourism-driven demand for docile, good-looking animals, said the director of the Thai Elephant Conservation Centre, Richard Lair. (reuters.com)
  • China's skyrocketing appetite for ivory is leading to the unsustainable slaughter of African elephants. (cnn.com)
  • round 400,000 African elephants live south of the Sahara desert. (greatdreams.com)
  • Elephants have been a part of the circus for over 200 years. (nymag.com)
  • This zombie gene appears to have been helping elephants evade cancer for a long time: from 25-30 million years ago. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Kala Nag, which means Black Snake, had served the Indian Government in every way that an elephant could serve it for forty-seven years, and as he was fully twenty years old when he was caught, that makes him nearly seventy--a ripe age for an elephant. (cmu.edu)
  • He was ten years old, the eldest son of Big Toomai, and, according to custom, he would take his father's place on Kala Nag's neck when he grew up, and would handle the heavy iron ankus, the elephant goad, that had been worn smooth by his father, and his grandfather, and his great-grandfather. (cmu.edu)
  • A recent survey in Chad showed its elephant population had declined from 3,800 to just over 600 in the past three years. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The findings help explain how humans have been able to rely on wild-caught elephants as work animals, for logging, transport, or war, for thousands of years. (freerepublic.com)
  • Life spans of zoo elephants have improved in recent years, suggesting an improvement in their care, said author Georgia J. Mason of the animal sciences department at the University of Guelph, Canada. (redorbit.com)
  • Central African Republic's forest elephants have faced growing threats in recent years from Sudanese hunters on horseback who are making their way further and further south. (yahoo.com)
  • Elephants have a 70 year lifespan and mature around 12 years. (greatdreams.com)
  • The idea was that because elephants are so long-lived, we could follow them as the years passed. (pbs.org)
  • Eight years later its namesake arrives for a visit with the elephants. (constantcontact.com)
  • Eight years ago, before any elephants were moved from our Galt facility to ARK 2000, Cynthia Moss, world-renowned elephant expert, co-founder of the Amboseli Elephant Research Project, and founder, program director and trustee of the Amboseli Trust for Elephants (ATE), attended the ARK 2000 dedication ceremony. (constantcontact.com)
  • Last week, eight years later, Cynthia visited the nine elephants at ARK 2000 for the first time. (constantcontact.com)
  • We were honored by her visit and humbled by her 40-plus years of experience among the wild elephants of Kenya," added Ed Stewart. (constantcontact.com)
  • Previously, scientists had considered the possibility that Bornean elephants were brought to the island by humans some 300 years ago. (upi.com)
  • The models suggest the Bornean elephant arrived between 18,300 and 11,400 to 18,300 years ago, which explains why scientists have yet to find elephant bones among more ancient strata. (upi.com)
  • Research into fossil elephant trackways investigates their behavior. (earthtimes.org)
  • Other theories focus on elephant behavior during lean times, suggesting starving or elderly elephants who have worn their teeth down to a point that they can no longer chew tougher foods gather in places where finding food is easier, and subsequently die there. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though important, mirror self-recognition is just one test, and doesn't address the sort of cooperative behavior for which elephants are famed in the wild. (wired.com)
  • If the elephants pulled automatically, it would be evidence of reflexive behavior, said Plotnik. (wired.com)
  • An estimated 25,000 African elephants were killed in 2011 alone (out of a population of about 500,000). (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Since appearing on the list last year, two calves born at the zoo were infected with a deadly elephant virus and an adult suffered a miscarriage. (care2.com)
  • An adult elephant may eat over 400 pounds (180 kilograms) a day. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • According to researcher John Hutchinson from the Royal Veterinary College in the U.K., adult elephants are capable of top speed running in a walk-like gait. (reference.com)
  • One issue that our scientists study is human-elephant conflict. (si.edu)
  • Learn more about human elephant conflict and the tools available to help mitigate it . (iucn.org)
  • This last week, IFAW reported the killing of 30 elephants in Chad. (hubpages.com)
  • Scientists from the Nature Conservation Foundation developed a unique way of saving people from elephants encounters. (youtube.com)
  • In addition to doing research in Asia, our scientists also do research with the elephants that live at the Smithsonian's National Zoo . (si.edu)
  • In 2015, scientists working independently at the University of Chicago in Illinois and the University of Utah in Salt Lake City made a breakthrough in understanding elephants' resilience to cancer. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When scientists looked at elephant genomes, they found that they carry at least 20 copies of p53. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Scientists studied elephants in Kenya and observed them eating branches and leaves from acacia trees to the extent many trees were damaged. (care2.com)
  • Scientists set up a test where elephants were given various acacia material to eat, with and without ants. (care2.com)
  • But scientists have yet to find ancient elephant fossils. (upi.com)
  • Compared with just one copy in humans, elephants' cells contain 20 copies of a major cancer-suppressing gene, two teams of scientists reported in October. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • The findings aren't proof that those extra p53 genes make elephants cancer-resistant, but if future research confirms it, scientists could try to develop drugs for humans that would mimic the effect. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • August eventually procures Rosie the elephant as Silver's replacement. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a brutal beating that August gave to Rosie when she ran away after fleeing from the event and dropping Marlena, Jacob realizes that the elephant only understands Polish commands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Embraced and roughly treated by turn, Jacob earns a place with the outfit due to his knowledge of animals (his father had been a vet) and his help in recruiting and training a new star, a jumbo elephant named Rosie. (hollywoodreporter.com)
  • He also meets Rosie, an elephant who seems untrainable until he discovers a way to reach her. (goodreads.com)
  • The circus travels around and eventually acquires an elephant named Rosie. (shmoop.com)
  • during the ensuing catastrophe (which is discussed in the prologue), Rosie the elephant kills August. (shmoop.com)
  • He becomes the de facto veterinarian for the new star attraction, an elephant named Rosie, but his position is threatened by his growing love for a beautiful performer named Marlena (Reese Witherspoon), who happens to be August s wife. (joblo.com)
  • Then they dance together, freely and joyously, and Rosie the elephant approves. (shmoop.com)
  • The Thai authorities have taken action , with seizures of unregistered and illegally registered elephants from elephant camps and regulations introduced for the compulsory registration of domesticated elephants. (traffic.org)
  • But sadly, elephants are being captured illegally from the wild for the illicit ivory trade, and exploited commercially. (huffingtonpost.ca)
  • Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo) However, according to the elephant census conducted in 2011 by the Wildlife Conservation Department of Sri Lanka, only 2% of the total population are tuskers. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2. Choose a tour operator that actively supports elephant conservation. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Caging elephants in zoo displays is not humane and it is not conservation. (care2.com)
  • In a statement, Have Trunk Will Travel owners Gary and Kari Johnson said that while they were 'thrilled with the result,' they still found that having to 'defend against these types of allegations is disheartening, especially when the publicity from the movie drew such strong support for elephant conservation and research projects. (latimes.com)
  • The conservation nonprofit WWF, for example, estimated that there were about 1.3 million African elephants in 1970. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The authors suggest that the findings will help to reprioritize elephant conservation programmes. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The forest elephants should become a greater conservation priority, the study says. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The circus's parent company, Feld Entertainment, told The Associated Press exclusively that all of the iconic elephants will be permanently retired to the company's 200-acre Center for Elephant Conservation in central Florida. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • On a recent mission in the Tsavo National Park, they found a six-ton bull elephant with a serious, badly infected wound to his left flank -- caused by a hunter's poisoned arrow. (cnn.com)
  • The Ernest Challenge" puts custom packaging solutions through African bull elephant force. (prweb.com)
  • The challenge: can a priceless peanut-filled Ming vase be packaged to withstand the animated brute force of an African bull elephant? (prweb.com)
  • No matter what obstacle lies ahead, even if it's an animated African bull elephant, Ernest Packaging Solutions will find a solution to get the most valuable packages to their destination safely. (prweb.com)
  • The Bushcamp Company posted video to YouTube showing the big bull elephant climbing over a 5-foot wall outside the Mfuwe Lodge in South Lungwa National Park. (freerepublic.com)
  • The zoo also plans to acquire a bull elephant and introduce an artificial insemination breeding program even though one of the elephants is beyond the natural age for conceiving. (care2.com)
  • We'd originally stopped to observe what appeared to be a lone bull elephant grazing in a patch of tall savanna grasses off to our left. (nytimes.com)
  • The WWF today has called for action to bring the killers of up to 350 Savanna elephants, in Cameroon last month, to justice. (earthtimes.org)
  • Over a long period of time, the forest elephant gene pool would become diluted and displaced by that of the savanna elephants, but the forest DNA would be conserved in the mitochondrial DNA, which is passed on through the female line. (scientificamerican.com)
  • This trade in wild-caught elephants is morally repugnant and should stop immediately. (mercurynews.com)
  • Although it was only recently described, it appears to have been helping elephants and their relatives for a long time. (genengnews.com)
  • And the incidents of elephant rage come from elephants in a disturbed population or in conflict with people. (pbs.org)
  • Spending nine months of the year at an elephant village near town, the pair sell rides and perform in the country's largest elephant festival, the Surin Elephant Roundup, every November. (reuters.com)
  • Conservationists say around a hundred elephants in northern Kenya have died in similar conditions, or through poaching, in the past year. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • citation needed] In other cases, the term "elephants' graveyard" has been deliberately used, although symbolic, to refer to specific paleontological sites, such as the elephant-fossil deposit that René Jeannel, professor at the French National Museum of Natural History, discovered during a Kenya & Ethiopia expedition in 1932. (wikipedia.org)
  • AS KENYA prepares to burn a record 120 tonnes of ivory in a very public display of revulsion to poaching, it is clear the world has failed elephants spectacularly. (newscientist.com)
  • public outcry caused Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circuses in the United States to commit to retiring their elephants to a private sanctuary in 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • But because so many cities and counties have passed "anti-circus" and "anti-elephant" ordinances, it became difficult to organize tours of three traveling circuses to 115 cities each year, Feld Entertainment CEO Kenneth Feld said last year. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • The study was led by Peter Tyack of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts, and Joyce Poole of the Amboseli Elephant Research Project in Sandefjord, Norway. (redorbit.com)
  • Forest Elephant numbers have fallen by 62% in just over a decade, mainly due to increased poaching, driven by the demand and rising price of ivory. (earthtimes.org)
  • 30% of the forest elephants' range has also been lost in the same period. (earthtimes.org)
  • While it is suspected that the four elephants got electrocuted, senior forest department officials have said a post-mortem on Thursday would bring out the exact cause of their deaths. (indiatimes.com)
  • There are two subspecies of African elephants-the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. (worldwildlife.org)
  • In this photo dated Jan. 27, 2012 released Thursday April 25, 2013, by WWF-Canon, a forest elephant walks in the Dzanga-Sangha reserve, in Central African Republic. (yahoo.com)
  • The Dzanga-Sangha reserve in the rainforests of southwestern Central African Republic has been home to more than 3,400 forest elephants. (yahoo.com)
  • However, WWF said it was impossible to estimate how many animals may have been killed because there are currently no patrols going on in the forest to determine where the elephant carcasses may be. (yahoo.com)
  • They look very different, with the savanna elephant weighing around 7 tonnes -- roughly double the weight of the forest elephant. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Later Roman and Carthaginian armies, including Hannibal's forces, might also have used forest elephants. (archaeology.org)
  • That idea has crept into modern accounts, depictions, and even video games such as Age of Empires, in which war elephants have the rounded ears and dwarfish proportions of the forest dwellers. (archaeology.org)
  • The idea that they used forest elephants was not based on evidence, but it got repeated over and over," says geneticist Alfred Roca of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (archaeology.org)
  • Forest elephants lived in the Congo basin, thousands of miles from the Mediterranean. (archaeology.org)
  • However, on April 10, 2019, the Ministry of Commerce issued regulations regarding the rules, procedures and conditions for the permission to export elephants out of the Kingdom again in 2019. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • FACT 3: Elephants are the only living animals with long trunks. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Outside of grasping, elephants also use their trunks to greet and reassure one another. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • They may intertwine their trunks or touch the face of other elephants to show affection. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The reason for ignoring the branches with ants, was that the elephants could smell the ants and knew if they ate those branches, the ants would bite the sensitive parts of their trunks, which are filled with nerve endings. (care2.com)
  • Despite a global CITES ban on international sales of ivory since 1990, tens of thousands of elephants are killed to meet a growing demand for ivory products in the Far East. (worldwildlife.org)
  • Little Rock did not listen to professionals and purchased two elephants that were retiring from Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus. (care2.com)
  • In contrast, Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus takes baby elephants away from their mothers and breaks them until they give up all hope. (latimes.com)
  • ST. PETERSBURG - The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus is ending its elephant acts a year and a half early, and will retire all of its touring elephants in May. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • The new study, published October 10, 2013 by Current Biology , found that elephants are the only wild animals to understand human pointing without any training to do so. (freerepublic.com)
  • I do think that elephants are becoming more aggressive towards humans in very compressed areas where they are being shot at and harassed," said Caitlin O'Connell-Rodwell, a biologist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Who would ever think that elephants have an aptitude for creating music? (nationalgeographic.com)
  • This gene enables humans and elephants to recognize unrepaired DNA damage, a precursor of cancer. (genengnews.com)
  • The idea of a graveyard for elephants was popularised in films such as Trader Horn and MGM's Tarzan films, in which groups of greedy explorers attempt to locate the elephants' graveyard, on the fictional Mutia Escarpment, in search of its riches of ivory. (wikipedia.org)
  • An ivory surrender to help protect elephants from further slaughter for the illegal ivory trade has received overwhelming support from the UK public with almost 500 ivory items weighing around 150kgs donated in just a few months. (ifaw.org)
  • Anna continued, Elephants do regularly make prominent trunk gestures, for instance when one individual detects the scent of a dangerous predator, but it remains to be seen whether those motions act in elephant society as points. (freerepublic.com)
  • We reasoned that measuring the activity of the trunk, the most mobile and active appendage of the elephant, would be crucial, making the reasonable assumption that if the trunk is still for five minutes or more, the elephant is likely to be asleep," said researcher Paul Manger from the School of Anatomical Sciences at the University of the Witwatersrand. (news24.com)
  • Citation: "Elephants know when they need a helping trunk in a cooperative task. (wired.com)
  • An elephant is a pachyderm with five toes and a long trunk . (everything2.com)
  • The most unusual feature of elephant physiology is its peculiar trunk , which has a variety of functions. (everything2.com)
  • By manipulating branches with the trunk, elephants can strip bark and leaves off the branches much like humans eating corn on the cob . (everything2.com)
  • These elephants live in a range of climates on the African continent. (reference.com)
  • Sign this petition to urge Thailand's government to reconsider this highly detrimental decision to export Thailand's ancient, unique and irreplaceable national treasure before it's too late to revert the path of extinction, and no elephants are left in Thailand. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Not long ago this elephant lived with its family herd in the wilds of Hwange National Park , the largest reserve in Zimbabwe. (mercurynews.com)