The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.
Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.
A genus of silkworm MOTHS in the family Bombycidae of the order LEPIDOPTERA. The family contains a single species, Bombyx mori from the Greek for silkworm + mulberry tree (on which it feeds). A native of Asia, it is sometimes reared in this country. It has long been raised for its SILK and after centuries of domestication it probably does not exist in nature. It is used extensively in experimental GENETICS. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p519)
The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A transcription factor that plays an essential role in the development of the TESTES. It is encoded by a gene on the Y chromosome and contains a specific HMG-BOX DOMAIN that is found within members of the SOX family of transcription factors.
The primary testis-determining gene in mammalians, located on the Y CHROMOSOME. It codes for a high mobility group box transcription factor (TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS) which initiates the development of the TESTES from the embryonic GONADS.
The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.
A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
An intracellular signaling system involving the MAP kinase cascades (three-membered protein kinase cascades). Various upstream activators, which act in response to extracellular stimuli, trigger the cascades by activating the first member of a cascade, MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES; (MAPKKKs). Activated MAPKKKs phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES which in turn phosphorylate the MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES; (MAPKs). The MAPKs then act on various downstream targets to affect gene expression. In mammals, there are several distinct MAP kinase pathways including the ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) pathway, the SAPK/JNK (stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun kinase) pathway, and the p38 kinase pathway. There is some sharing of components among the pathways depending on which stimulus originates activation of the cascade.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
A superfamily of PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that are activated by diverse stimuli via protein kinase cascades. They are the final components of the cascades, activated by phosphorylation by MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES, which in turn are activated by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES).
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
A serine-threonine protein kinase family whose members are components in protein kinase cascades activated by diverse stimuli. These MAPK kinases phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES and are themselves phosphorylated by MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES. JNK kinases (also known as SAPK kinases) are a subfamily.
The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
A form of psychiatric treatment, based on Freudian principles, which seeks to eliminate or diminish the undesirable effects of unconscious conflicts by making the patient aware of their existence, origin, and inappropriate expression in current emotions and behavior.
The climax of sexual excitement in either humans or animals.
Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.
A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Sexual activities of humans.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Congenital MEGACOLON resulting from the absence of ganglion cells (aganglionosis) in a distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE. The aganglionic segment is permanently contracted thus causing dilatation proximal to it. In most cases, the aganglionic segment is within the RECTUM and SIGMOID COLON.
Receptor protein-tyrosine kinases involved in the signaling of GLIAL CELL-LINE DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR ligands. They contain an extracellular cadherin domain and form a receptor complexes with GDNF RECEPTORS. Mutations in ret protein are responsible for HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE and MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA TYPE 2.
Two ganglionated neural plexuses in the gut wall which form one of the three major divisions of the autonomic nervous system. The enteric nervous system innervates the gastrointestinal tract, the pancreas, and the gallbladder. It contains sensory neurons, interneurons, and motor neurons. Thus the circuitry can autonomously sense the tension and the chemical environment in the gut and regulate blood vessel tone, motility, secretions, and fluid transport. The system is itself governed by the central nervous system and receives both parasympathetic and sympathetic innervation. (From Kandel, Schwartz, and Jessel, Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p766)
A subclass of closely-related SOX transcription factors. Members of this subfamily have been implicated in regulating the differentiation of OLIGODENDROCYTES during neural crest formation and in CHONDROGENESIS.
A family of GLYCOSYLPHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL-anchored cell surface receptors that are specific for GLIAL CELL LINE-DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC FACTORS. They form a multi-component receptor complex with PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN C-RET and regulate a variety of intracellular SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS in conjunction with c-ret protein.
A subtype of endothelin receptor found predominantly in the KIDNEY. It may play a role in reducing systemic ENDOTHELIN levels.
Rare, autosomal dominant disease with variable penetrance and several known clinical types. Characteristics may include depigmentation of the hair and skin, congenital deafness, heterochromia iridis, medial eyebrow hyperplasia, hypertrophy of the nasal root, and especially dystopia canthorum. The underlying cause may be defective development of the neural crest (neurocristopathy). Waardenburg's syndrome may be closely related to piebaldism. Klein-Waardenburg Syndrome refers to a disorder that also includes upper limb abnormalities.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Elements surrounding gender roles include clothing, speech patterns, movement, occupations, and other factors not limited to ... However, sex-limited genes on any chromosome can be expressed differently in one sex versus another, with some degree of ... A person's sex as male or female has legal significance-sex is indicated on government documents, and laws provide differently ... The final chromosomes in the two human gametes are called sex chromosomes because of their role in sex determination. Ova ...
"No other type of painting concentrates so many of the opposing elements of the Victorian psyche: the desire to escape the drear ... Cultural changes were also an important factor during this period. Continuing industrialization was uprooting longstanding ... hardships of daily existence; the stirrings of new attitudes toward sex, stifled by religious dogma; a passion for the unseen; ... According to Jeremy Maas, the turn to mythological and fantasy elements, and in particular to the fairy's world, allowed an ...
Beside the biochemical level explanation, there are also a few other elements affect people's choices of mates. Another factor ... Today, sex lives are commonly flaunted rather than hidden as they used to be. Compared to the past, people are more open to ... Distance is another element influences people's love choices: people tend to choose to fall in love with those close to them. ... People believe in going on dates, having casual sex, and are open to meeting new people in social media or dating apps. The ...
Conflict between chromosomes has been proposed as an element in the evolution of sex. Green-beard effect Gardner, Andy; Úbeda, ... regardless of nuclear sex-determining factors. This occurs in amphipod and isopod Crustacea and Lepidoptera. Male embryos (in ... are denominated sex-ratio distorters, as they induce a sex-ratio bias in the offspring of the carrier individual. The simplest ... "Sex Ratio" Meiotic Drive in Drosophila testacea" (PDF). Sturtevant AH, Dobzhansky T (Jul 1936). "Geographical Distribution and ...
... between members of the opposite sex. Factors influencing inter-female relationships are primarily thought to be: food ... Primate mating systems infer both a social element and a genetic element. Therefore, a mating system should describe: (1) the ... There are factors of time and space that define this type social system. Firstly, pair-bonds must demonstrate a long-term ... The main constraining factors of social group sizes are related to: Resource abundance. Because living in groups requires ...
This environmental factor can have an effect on the number of segments formed during the period of embryogenesis of Strigamia, ... It is possible to separate five post-larval instars in both sexes. The last two being mature as they are in lithobiomorphs. ... In S. maritima, this range is at least 8 (from 45 to 53). The intraspecific variation has several elements, as described in ... But what of the variation within each sex? the importance of genetic and environmental influences on development are now known ...
The idea of multiple jeopardy feeds into the concept of the matrix of domination because it is these multiple factors - gender ... and other social elements. The domination of the superior group affects those who are/have been socially oppressed due to the ... sex, and class are treated in society can create unique types of discrimination that differ vastly from the discrimination ... Multiple jeopardy is the theory that the various factors of one's identity that lead to discrimination or oppression, such as ...
... factors to bind antioxidant response elements in target genes. RNA microarray data has shown NRF3's involvement in various ... and NRF3 expression was not observed in reproductive organs of either sex. The specific functions of the NRF3 protein are still ... Nuclear factor (erythroid 2)-like factor 3, also known as NFE2L3 or 'NRF3', is a transcription factor that in humans is encoded ... "Entrez Gene: nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 3". Kobayashi A, Ito E, Toki T, Kogame K, Takahashi S, Igarashi K, ...
This could also be considered the first to show a comedic element. During the era of silent films in the 1920s, comedic films ... They dealt with subject manner like race, religion, and sex in a manner that was generally not allowed on television or film. ... Hence The Richard Pryor Show ended after four episodes due in part to controversy, although poor ratings was a strong factor. ... However, other stand-ups in the US choose an opposite approach that involves avoiding angering or offending elements of the ...
Energy Factors in Love, Sex and Compatibility., ISBN 978-1-58394-204-8 The Practice And Profession Of Astrology: Rebuilding Our ... His earlier book, Astrology, Psychology, and the Four Elements, is a more basic introductory text that also contains his own ... and the Four Elements, CRCS 1975. Check date values in: ,accessdate= (help) "The Marion D. March Regulus Awards and Banquet". ... Psychology and the Four Elements: An Energy Approach to Astrology and Its Use in the Counseling Arts, ISBN 0-916360-01-6 ( ...
Nonetheless, it must be noted that factors such as age, sex, body size and others also affect its expression. Kathryn Marklein ... Turkey Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that affects the junctions of articulating elements, or synovial ... She states the following factors that determine whether or not human skeletal remains will be recovered from burials: 1) ... So, by combining funerary data, demographic patterns (age and sex), and activity patterns, ECs were successfully used to ...
The introduction of cultural factors are in congruence to necessary biological elements. An article published in the Review of ... In 1966, The Development of Sex Differences was published. This book went into what factors influence a child's gender ... 1999). Sex and Cognition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Peterson, A. C. & Wittig, M. A. (1979) Sex Related ... 1999). Sex and Cognition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Kimura, Doreen. (2004). Human sex differences in cognition, ...
Sociological factors include historical trends, social class and minority groups. Psychological factors include age, sex, and ... Religious observance may take the form of a religious element of a school morning assembly (e.g. prayers or hymn singing), a ...
There exist several transcription factors capable of binding to this promoter region including cAMP responsive element binding ... factors predicted to bind the TM6SF2 promoter suggest this protein functions in growth and tumor regulation as well as sex ...
... and hypoxia-inducible factor 1A (HIF1a) genes. Several factors have been shown to affect the development of cellulite. Sex, ... There is a genetic element in individual susceptibility to cellulite. Researchers have traced the genetic component of ... hormonal factors, genetic factors, the microcirculatory system, the extracellular matrix, and subtle inflammatory alterations. ... It can result from a complex combination of factors ranging from hormones to heredity. The causes of cellulite include changes ...
Burris TP, Guo W, Le T, McCabe ER (Sep 1995). "Identification of a putative steroidogenic factor-1 response element in the DAX- ... DAX1 (dosage-sensitive sex reversal, adrenal hypoplasia critical region, on chromosome X, gene 1) is a nuclear receptor protein ... GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on 46,XY Disorder of Sex Development and 46,XY Complete Gonadal Dysgenesis OMIM entries on 46,XY ... Proteins that control the activity of other genes are known as transcription factors. DAX1 also plays a role in regulating ...
Due to these factors, the band was rarely invited back to a venue be it a club or a church. Stylistically, the band is best ... Musical influences include U2, Echo & the Bunnymen, Sonic Youth, The Who, The Ramones, The Sex Pistols and The New York Dolls. ... described as Post-punk, mixing elements of Psychedelic rock, Art rock, and Punk rock into an odd amalgam. Some of the songs ...
Nevid JS (1984). "Sex differences in factors of romantic attraction". Sex Roles. 11 (5-6): 401-411. doi:10.1007/BF00287468. ... though both prefer it as an element within beauty. According to one study (Yee N., 2002), gay men who identify as "only tops" ... ISBN 978-0-465-07750-2. Bar-Tal D, Saxe L (1976). "Physical attractiveness and its relationship to sex-role stereotyping". Sex ... Having said this, height is a more important factor for a woman when choosing a man than it is for a man choosing a woman. Men ...
Various elements of these three phases are incorporated and/or further developed in the philosophy and world view of the ... For what are called dhammas -- the component factors of the universe, both within us and outside us -- are not fractions of an ... take things that are not given and have sex with many women". Other features of tantra included a focus on the physical body as ... The body is the physical and mental elements, which are the body and mind of the cosmic Buddha and which is also empty ( ...
"Thyroid hormones act indirectly to increase sex hormone-binding globulin production by liver via hepatocyte nuclear factor- ... A calcium ion is needed to link the two elements of the dimer together. Also a zinc ion is used to orient an otherwise ... Thus, bioavailability of sex hormones is influenced by the level of SHBG. The relative binding affinity of various sex steroids ... Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) or sex steroid-binding globulin (SSBG) is a glycoprotein that binds to androgens and ...
In another system, only eight of these factors are given importance and are assigned numeric values - Varna (1 point), Vashya ( ... Various constellations represent different nature in respect of their casts, animals presented by them, sex, Gana (God/man/ ... demon), humour, birds ruled, primordial elements, Gotra, directions ruled, consonants and vowels, mutual harmony and repulsion ... In addition, a host of other factors such as longevity of the individuals, character (sexual), widowhood, poverty, progeny, ...
... such as pluripotent stem cell related factors (Oct4, Sox2, Nanog), sex-determining HMG box factors, and various homeobox/ ... Instead, TMEM247 contains several predicted binding sites which are core promoter elements for TATA-less promoters. TMEM247 has ...
... sex, gender, or other factors) "We worked to ensure that people of color and transgender people were not underrepresented among ... Appear either as a display element (sidebar) or a section of the article body Format: short, a few sentences or bullet points ... Reader's theme that is the point of this element's existence: "Why should I (the reader) trust or believe what you (the author ... Clinical relevance statement Reader's theme that is the point of this element's existence: "Why should I (the reader) spend my ...
... then the biological elements such as sex, gender, and race are not contributing factors to the essence of the individual. Mill ... Simone de Beauvoir played a large role in equality feminism with the publishing of her book The Second Sex, broken into three ... The Second Sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1949. Bromley,Victoria L. (2012). Feminisms Matter: Debates. Theories. Activism. ... In 1949, French existentialist Simone de Beauvoir published the work The Second Sex, in which she debunks many of the claims ...
Similarly, in several other studies, differences in the elements of empathy and emotional intelligence were not found. Sex ... Researchers distinguish three factors that predict the size of gender differences in emotional expressiveness: gender-specific ... differences in humans Sex differences in psychology Sex differences in cognition Sex differences in intelligence Emotional ... As a result of the study, no sex differences were found. There is also a fairly extensive database of criticism of the MSCEIT ...
... and have been proposed to act as target-specific transcription factors and/or as chromatin structure regulatory elements. The ... "Entrez Gene: SOX12 SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 12". Hoser M, Potzner MR, Koch JM, Bösl MR, Wegner M, Sock E (August 2008 ... Sox12 belongs to the SoxC group of Sox family of transcription factors, together with Sox4 and Sox11. Sox12-null knockout mice ... Members of the SOX family of transcription factors are characterized by the presence of a DNA-binding high mobility group (HMG ...
The sex drive as a factor in some Asian cultures was sometimes associated with wealthy men and those that were adjunct to an ... the greater the element of gerontocracy and social stratification.[citation needed] Throughout the African polygyny belt ... Some scholars see the slave trade's impact on the male-to-female sex ratio as a key factor in the emergence and fortification ... Several factors for this include infertility or long-term illness of the first wife, excessive wealth on the part of the ...
In Sweden and England and Wales, a sex ratio of 1:1 has been reported. In the most recent incidence data from Sweden, there is ... Factors that are associated with gender dysphoria persisting through puberty include intensity of gender dysphoria, amount of ... The critical element of gender dysphoria is the presence of clinically significant distress associated with the condition." ... In adolescents and adults, symptoms include the desire to be and to be treated as the other sex. Adults with GD are at ...
See also: Sex and psychology. Many of the more complicated human behaviors are influenced by both innate factors and by ... Elements surrounding gender roles include clothing, speech patterns, movement, occupations, and other factors not limited to ... In legal cases alleging discrimination, sex is usually preferred as the determining factor rather than gender as it refers to ... A person's sex as male or female has legal significance-sex is indicated on government documents, and laws provide differently ...
... a numerator element involved in Caenorhabditis elegans primary sex determination". Genetics. 151 (2): 617-631. PMC 1460491. ... However, all other transcription factors in the MSL family-maleless, MSL-1, and MSL-3-are able to act when SXL is not expressed ... This system of sex determination is unique, because there is no male specific chromosome, as is the case in XX/XY sex ... Across species, different sexes are often characterized by different types and numbers of sex chromosomes. In order to ...
The state legislature of the US state of New Jersey votes to legalize same-sex civil unions following a court order in October ... I believe the second proposal is too long, with too many elements for ITN. The first one has potential though. Aecis Dancing to ... Body count is only one factor - but I made separate points (1) he has a low body count, (2) he's not a notable serial killer ( ...
... and its sex can finally be distinguished visually by three factors: 1) the bill is yellow in males, but black and orange in ... Wood-Gush, D. (6 December 2012). Elements of Ethology: A textbook for agricultural and veterinary students. Springer Science & ... International Wildfowl Inquiry Volume i Factors Affecting the General Status of Wild Geese and Wild Duck. Cambridge University ... Sandilands, Al (2011). Birds of Ontario: Habitat Requirements, Limiting Factors, and Status: Volume 1-Nonpasserines: Loons ...
"Sex-Based Roles Gave Modern Humans an Edge, Study Says". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-03.. ... caused by other factors such as disease and overhunting by humans.[16][17] New research suggests that the extinction of the ... the sexes were more equal during Paleolithic millennia than at any time since.. Page 9 ... and it is likely that both sexes participated in decision making.[65] The earliest known Paleolithic shaman (c. 30,000 BP) was ...
This last factor was largely a consequence of allied military failure."[121] ... the troops will encounter an especially dangerous element from the civilian population, and therefore, have the right and ... regardless of age or sex.[37] ... and focused on factors which were overlooked earlier, such as ...
Additionally, both sexes might wear buckskin leggings and moccasins in cold weather.[31] Deer hair, dyed a deep scarlet, was a ... Elements of the Delaware migrated from Missouri into Texas around 1820, settling around the Red River and Sabine River. The ... Day, Gordon M. "The Indian as an Ecological Factor in the Northeastern Forests." Ecology, Vol. 34, #2 (April): 329-346. New ... and became the major political factor any English and French decision makers had to consider in making any policy for over a ...
Values are influenced by environmental factors and interactions among the 16 nutrient elements known to be essential to plants ... sex-ratio bias[13] ... 1964).[16] External factors also influence growth and form. ... The concentrations of nutrient in plant tissues depend on many factors, including growing conditions. Interpretation of ...
Selectional pleiotropy occurs when the resulting phenotype has many effects on fitness (depending on factors such as age and ... of a gene that are beneficial for one sex causes expression of potentially harmful traits by the same gene in the other sex, ... "CACNA1C as a risk factor for schizotypal personality disorder and schizotypy in healthy individuals". Psychiatry Research. 206 ...
Lawrence, A. A. (2003). "Factors associated with satisfaction or regret following male-to-female sex reassignment surgery". ... the sexual aspects have the lowest level of satisfaction among all other elements (physical, emotional and social levels).[44] ... After sex reassignment surgery, transsexuals (people who underwent cross-sex hormone therapy and sex reassignment surgery) tend ... For specialized articles on surgical procedures, see Sex reassignment surgery (male-to-female) and Sex reassignment surgery ( ...
... is one of the elements of the promotional mix. The primary elements in the promotional mix are advertising, ... Although there are aspects that can determine a consumer's shopping behavior, there are many outside factors that can influence ...
... determined in large part based on perceived size and apparent robustness in the absence of more reliable elements in sex ... "Tooth wear and dentoalveolar remodeling are key factors of morphological variation in the Dmanisi mandibles". Proceedings of ... For non-skull elements, this was done on the basis of size as there was a lack of clear diagnostic characteristics.[7] Because ... habilis began to receive wider acceptance as more fossil elements and species were unearthed.[2] In 1983, Tobias proposed that ...
The "-bert" element common in many such names comes from beraht, which means "bright". Examples: Robert, Edward, Roger, Richard ... Variations on another name, especially to change the sex of the name (Pauline, Georgia) or to translate from another language ( ... shows that the main factors that govern first name dynamics are endogenous. Monitoring the popularity of 1000 names along 130 ... Some have elements meaning "God", especially "Eli". Examples: Michael, Joshua, Daniel, Joseph, David, Adam, Samuel, Elizabeth, ...
Stribinskis, Vilius; Ramos, Kenneth S. (2006). "Activation of Human Long Interspersed Nuclear Element 1 Retrotransposition by ... This gene is a transcription factor that regulates the cell cycle and hence functions as a tumor suppressor. By inducing G ( ... sub-chronic exposure to inhaled BaP has been shown to generally reduce the function of testicles and epididymis with lower sex ... and then binds xenobiotic response elements (XREs) in DNA located upstream of certain genes. This process increases ...
In reviewing the sexing of Egyptian skulls from Qua and Badari, Mann found that 20.3% could be assigned to a different sex than ... Unless evidence of bone healing or other factors are present, researchers may choose to regard all weathered fractures as post- ... ossification and fusion of specific skeletal elements, or long bone length. In adults, degenerative changes to the pubic ... Sex-based differences are not inherently a form of inequality, but become an inequality when members of one sex are given ...
Further evidence of sex-based disparities in radiation-induced cancers was published in the 2006 report by the National ... Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability and Bystander Effects Clastogenic Factors and Transgenerational Effects". Radiation ... Dispersion of the radioactive elements causes vertical and lateral cloud movement, spreading radioactive materials over ... the sex disparities are even greater. The BEIR VII Committee concluded that, given the same level of radiation exposure, women ...
Casey Anthony is a beautiful white woman and the fact that the case includes such things as sex, lies, and videotapes makes it ... he and the jury did not factor that behavior into their verdict because it was not illegal. They initially took a vote on the ... given the months the tape and the remains had been outdoors and exposed to the elements, stressing that any oil or sweat from a ...
A "mental element" had been explicit in early Convention drafts, which had disqualified any person "Who has taken an oath or ... The decisive factor was that to exclude Catholics from the parliament would be to impose a "religious test" for public office, ... "Politics live: Citizenship chaos overshadows same-sex marriage debate in final days of Parliament for 2017". Sydney Morning ... "mental element" not only as to "acknowledgment" but also as to being "a subject or a citizen" of a foreign power: "it applies ...
Cabezón O, García-Bocanegra I, Molina-López R, Marco I, et al «Seropositivity and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma ... Shojaee S, Teimouri A, Keshavarz H, Azami SJ, Nouri S «The relation of secondary sex ratio and miscarriage history with ... és el rosegador amb l'índex infectiu més elevat i un element d'importància en la disseminació del protozou.[12] ... García-Bocanegra I, Dubey JP, Simon-Grifé M, Cabezón O, et al «Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma ...
The "law and order" issue was a major factor weakening liberalism in the 1960s.[93] From 2001-2008, Republican President George ... Social conservatives, many of them religious, often oppose abortion, same-sex marriage, and civil unions, and would define ... conservatives have warned on the dangers of tolerating radical Islamic elements, of the sort that they say are engaging in ... They oppose abortion, same-sex marriage, civil unions, and anti-discrimination laws against homosexuals.[95] The libertarian ...
"Inter-rater reliability of the PCL-R total and factor scores among psychopathic sex offenders: are personality features more ... the effectiveness of the intervention incorporates a relapse prevention element. Relapse prevention is a cognitive-behavioral ... There are many other factors in recidivism, such as the individual's circumstances before incarceration, events during their ... increasing the presence and quality of pre-release services (within incarceration facilities) that address factors associated ...
The most reliable method to sex birds is by tarsus width and depth and bill depth but these are infrequently measured.[3][45] [ ... Khristenko, D. S., & Kotovska, G. O. (2017). Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factors of Freshwater Bream Abramis brama ... shelter from the elements and protection from nest predators. In forest of Finland, it has been estimated that perhaps only 1 ... Bortolotti G.R. (1984). "Age and sex size variation in Golden Eagles". Journal of Field Ornithology. 55: 54-66.. ...
The cleaved SREBP then migrates to the nucleus and acts as a transcription factor to bind to the SRE (sterol regulatory element ... 20.0 20.1 Lewington S, Whitlock G, Clarke R, et al (December 2007). "Blood cholesterol and vascular mortality by age, sex, and ... Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 and 2).[10] In the presence of cholesterol, SREBP is bound to two other proteins: ... the sex hormones), and their derivatives. It provides the basic structure of all the steroids. In myelin, it envelopes and ...
Jolivétte, Andrew (2012). Obama and the Biracial Factor: The Battle for a New American Majority. Policy Press. p. xiii. ISBN ... A new African-American identity and culture was born that incorporated elements of the various ethnic groups and of European ... see Ma malakat aymanukum and sex),[11][12] leading to many mixed-race children. When an enslaved woman became pregnant with her ... Other social factors, such as illiteracy and education levels, show the same patterns of disadvantage for people of color.[171] ...
Kropotkin, Peter, Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902). *. Oord, Thomas (2004). Science of Love. Philadelphia: Templeton ... While both sexes state that kindness is the most preferable trait in a partner there is some evidence that men place less value ... where it comprises the elements of "volitional activities" (Pali sankhara) and "action" (Pali bhava). Any action is understood ... A Factor of Evolution and Peter Singer in his book A Darwinian Left. ...
And she is simply what man decrees; thus called 'the sex', by which is meant that [...] she is sex - absolute sex, no less. She ... Femininity is socially constructed, but made up of both socially-defined and biologically-created factors.[1][2][3] This makes ... The anima and animus are described by Jung as elements of his theory of the collective unconscious, a domain of the unconscious ... a b c Worell, Judith, Encyclopedia of women and gender: sex similarities and differences and the impact of society on gender, ...
In The Poem Behind the Poem, Barnstone argues that poetry "can't be made to sing through a mathematics that doesn't factor in ... Translating (like analytic philosophy) compels precise analysis of language elements and of their usage. In 1946 the poet Ezra ... Mary's miraculous nature with moral horror of sex)." The apple that Eve offered to Adam, according to Mark Polizzotti, could ... The translation of plays poses many problems such as the added element of actors, speech duration, translation literalness, and ...
doi:10.1353/sex.0.0052. ISSN 1043-4070. JSTOR 40663351.. *^ Allouche, Sabiha (May 2019). "The Reluctant Queer". Kohl: a Journal ... Factors that add to risk of heart disease include obesity and smoking, both of which are more prevalent in lesbians. Studies ... Lesbian began to describe elements of a subculture.[18] Lesbians in Western cultures in particular often classify themselves as ... 2016). Female Erasure: What You Need To Know About Gender Politics' War on Women, the Female Sex and Human Rights (1st ed.). ...
Other endogenous factors can also lead to mosaicism including mobile elements, DNA polymerase slippage, and unbalanced ... 2008). "True hermaphroditism with XX/XY sex chromosome mosaicism: Report of a case". Clinical Genetics. 10 (5): 265-72. doi: ... Somatic mosaics are common in embryogenesis due to retrotransposition of L1 and Alu transposable elements.[11] In early ... chromosomal segregation.[11] Exogenous factors include nicotine and UV radiation.[11] Somatic mosaics have been created in ...
Sexes and castes[edit]. Honey bees have three castes: drones, workers, and queens.[57][58] Drones are male, while workers and ... but others indicate egg viability as the key factor in eliciting the behavior.[67][68] Worker policing is an example of forced ... trace elements and standardised ginseng G115 extract (ID 8, 1673, 1674); vitamins, minerals, lysine and/or arginine and/or ... Diploid drones may be produced if an egg is fertilized but is homozygous for the sex-determination allele. Drones take 24 days ...
Considered as an element of the world, God has the same degree and kind of objective reality as do other products of mind ... "Kinsey was also shown to be an atheist who loathed religion and its constraints on sex." 'Kinsey' critics ready, Cheryl ... The dominant individual takes many forms in different cultures, but always has the common factor of immense power. [...] If ... received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of nerve growth factor (NGF).[233] ...
Bernstein C, Bernstein H (1991). Aging, sex, and DNA repair. Boston: Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-092860-6. .. see pgs. 293- ... As some co-factors contain both nucleotide and amino-acid characteristics, it may be that amino acids, peptides and finally ... Tucker BJ, Breaker RR (Jun 2005). "Riboswitches as versatile gene control elements". Current Opinion in Structural Biology. 15 ... Bernstein H, Byerly HC, Hopf FA, Michod RE (Oct 1984). "Origin of sex". Journal of Theoretical Biology. 110 (3): 323-51. doi: ...
... supporting the conclusion that it acts as a key auxiliary factor to regulate the male sex determination in the silkworm. ... The mechanism of the silkworm sex determination has been in mystery for a long time until a Fem piRNA was identified as the ... However, genetic and phenotypic proofs are urgently needed to fully exploit the mechanism, especially of the male sex ... which were considered to be involved in insect sex determination. The results showed that mutations of BmSxl, BmImp and BmImpM ...
Recombination genes on the Escherichia coli sex factor specific for transposable elements. / Hopkins, J. D.; Clements, M. B.; ... Recombination genes on the Escherichia coli sex factor specific for transposable elements. Proceedings of the National Academy ... Recombination genes on the Escherichia coli sex factor specific for transposable elements. In: Proceedings of the National ... title = "Recombination genes on the Escherichia coli sex factor specific for transposable elements", ...
Role of cyclic AMP response element-binding protein in insulin-like growth factor-I receptor up-regulation by sex steroids in ... Role of cyclic AMP response element-binding protein in insulin-like growth factor-I receptor up-regulation by sex steroids in ... Role of cyclic AMP response element-binding protein in insulin-like growth factor-I receptor up-regulation by sex steroids in ... Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) overexpression may play a role in prostate cancer progression. We found ...
Sex Factors. Systole. Time Factors. Trace Elements / administration & dosage. Grant Support. ID/Acronym/Agency: U01-HL-37947/HL ... Age Factors. Blood Pressure*. Child. Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Cholesterol, LDL / blood. Data Interpretation ... 12401629 - Preoperative risk factors of intraoperative hypothermia in major surgery under general .... 19108179 - The action of ... sex, and total caloric intake. The following associations were found in longitudinal analyses: analyzing each nutrient ...
... short interspersed element; SR, serine arginine; SRA, steroid receptor activator; SRY, sex-determining region Y; YAM 1-4, YY1- ... myocyte enhancer factor-2; MRFs, myogenic regulatory factors; Malat1, metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1; ... Keywords: Bvht, braveheart; CDT, C-terminal domain; DBE-T, D4Z4-binding element; DMD, Duchenne muscular dystrophy; ES, ...
Growth factor stimulation has been reported to render androgen response element-driven promoters hypersensitive to, or ... sex hormone-binding globulin; TPA, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate; TRE, TPA response elements. ... In advanced prostate cancer, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R), and other ... forkhead transcription factor; GF, growth factors; GSK-3, glycogen synthase kinase-3; HAT, histone acetyltransferases; HDAC, ...
We asked 1,430 women about the best sex of their lives. Great news: the encounters they cant stop thinking about are the ... Her thrill factor: Rushed Makeup sex mixes two volatile elements: emotional resolution and physical connection. "Theres a lot ... Is this makeup sex. . .or sex to make up? "Sex shouldnt be used as a Band-Aid for unresolved conflict," says Justin Sitron, Ph ... Her thrill factor: Exhibitionistic. Letting someone else in on your solo sex life can be nerve-racking for both men and women. ...
One challenge of studying recruiting elements on the X chromosome is that the redundancy and proximity of these elements ... This requires selective recruitment of regulatory factors to the modulated chromosome. How these factors are localized to a ... 2005 Sex-specific role of Drosophila melanogaster HP1 in regulating chromatin structure and gene transcription. Nat. Genet. 37 ... 2000 Molecular evidence for a relationship between LINE-1 elements and X chromosome inactivation: the Lyon repeat hypothesis. ...
... they showed that when the two mechanisms act simultaneously the advantage to sex over asex is larger than for either factor ... Parasitic DNA elements[edit]. Another theory is that sexual reproduction originated from selfish parasitic genetic elements ... A comprehensive theory called "origin of sex as vaccination" proposes that eukaryan sex-as-syngamy (fusion sex) arose from ... Advantages of sex and sexual reproduction[edit]. The concept of sex includes two fundamental phenomena: the sexual process ( ...
Most states have demographic factors like age and sex for most reported cases. However, in many states, the large number of ... and other factors such as recent travel history. Because of missing data, analyses of these data elements are likely an ... Most states have demographic factors like age and sex for the majority of reported cases. With thousands of cases being ... 19 data elements). *COVID-19 Case Surveillance Public Use Data: Public use, patient-level dataset with clinical and symptom ...
... key elements of comprehensive and specialized assessments; who should be involved in conducting assessments of juvenile sex ... factors that may increase a juveniles risk to reoffend; and assessment tools available that can guide our decisionmaking in ... CENTER FOR SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT. The Effective Management of Juvenile Sex Offenders in the Community. A Training Curriculum ... This section will cover the importance of sex offender assessment as a critical and ongoing piece of managing juvenile sex ...
Internal factors included such elements as outworn customs. External factors included the impact of external debt on countries ... Equality between the sexes had been reaffirmed, but experience showed it was not generally respected. The plight of rural women ... The feminine factor was the basis of Egypts next five- year plan, which was also based on development. Womens concerns were ... Key elements of Maltas national plan for gender equity included advocacy agendas and the setting of priorities, she said. ...
1. The Elements of Victimization. Factors Discouraging Disclosure. Victimization versus Traumatization. 2. Understanding Human ... What Experts Are Saying About Male Victims of Same Sex Abuse. This book belongs on every clinicians bookshelf! Although ... Who Will Benefit From Male Victims of Same Sex Abuse?. Clinicians who need a comprehensive and collaborative rape trauma ... Male Victims of Same Sex Abuse will be helpful to every clinician who works with male victims of sexual assault. Indeed, it ...
Equal pay has been an aspect of UK sex discrimination law for half a century, but significant pay differences between men and ... This material factor must not itself contain any element of sex discrimination. A good example of a material factor would be a ... If there is a material factor defence, it must not put one sex at a disproportionate disadvantage. If there is such a ... The Material Factor defence. The employer has a defence to an equal pay claim if it can show that, although men and women are ...
The findings from phase 1 was synthesized into scoring elements representing risk factors for readmission of frail older people ... Results: Sixty-two scoring elements were identified within the following categories; 1) Patient characteristics (age, sex, ... a scoping review was conducted to identify factors characterising frailty in older people and general risk factors for ... Early identification of risk factors for readmission will contribute to improved follow-up and more targeted treatment and care ...
Sex Factor: Only talk of it.. ⌘⌘⌘I received an arc from the publisher via Netgalley in exchange for an honest review⌘⌘⌘ ...more ... The strange plague Id say is the post apocalyptic element and finally the shifter element are those who are categorized as ... The other elements I would say True Born has are of course a little romance, lots of action, mystery and a few comedy moments ... Its a classic YA, dystopian book, with all of the elements you need to in a book like that.. I did, sometimes, feel little ...
2011 In this paper I will explore the elements of nursing theory and how I believe they are all tied... ... Age is another factor that comes into play with health. We tend to see the elderly as being frail and unhealthy, but this isnt ... Another element is health. It can be viewed as interior or exterior, physical or mental, or a combination of all these. In a ... Although some can be placed into subgroups based on things like sex, ethnicity, age, culture or religion; no two patients can ...
It supports the normal formation of connective tissue, bones, blood-clotting factors and sex hormones. It promotes normal fat ... They are necessary elements in the process of converting food to energy and in the growth and repair of body tissue. Reduction ... Factors associated with calcium absorption efficiency in pre- and perimenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 72:466-471. ... A case-control study of the relationship between dietary factors and risk of lung cancer in women of Shenyang, China. Oncol Rep ...
Elements of "slut-shaming" have been among the complicated factors surrounding a number of young womens suicides in recent ... Some of the high-status women defined sex only as intercourse, while they saw "hooking up," including oral sex, as a low-risk ... said it was used because its wrong for girls to have sex or casual sex. But the rest saw something else going on: One-third ... Slut-shaming: When women sling the word, its often about status, not sex ...
These are the elements that support your personal brand. However, you cannot successfully achieve any of these objectives ... Kim Kardashian went from a leaked-sex-tape victim to TIME magazines "Top 100 Most In﫿uential People in 2015." Donald Trump ... Personal branding is built on four main factors: personal proof, social proof, recognition, and association. ... uence simply by controlling your own world and the elements surrounding it. Branding is technical, creative, spiritual, and ...
Has engaged in unprotected sex during the past 3 months. *Is willing to invite and participate with her mother/guardian in the ... The intervention will focus on the elements critical to HIV risk behavior change. These include: risk education (practical ... understanding of factors responsible for risk and behavior changes needed to reduce risk); threat personalization (accurate ... Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. ...
Moreover, a number of other factors such as diet, nutrition, age, sex, hair color, and other factors are known to influence ... Many elements, when analyzed in the presence of other elements, can give false readings. The interaction of chromium with other ... Determination of Reference Ranges for Elements in Human Scalp Hair, Biological Trace Element Research, Vol 62, pp 183-197, ... Elements normally found in the body -- such as copper, chromium, zinc, and even lead, mercury, and uranium-- will show up in ...
Risk factors identified include age younger than 3 years, failed or delayed passage of meconium, and male sex. Scaled scores ... Wu and colleagues developed a diagnostic scoring system for elements of the patients history. ...
The Nutrition is the material basis of sex. The scientific research shows that lack of protein and other important elements ... Which factors and habits will lead to the loss of libido and sexual function of men?. ... So, men have to learn to eliminate negative emotions, keep the good mental health and avoid bad mood when having sex. ...
tender elements of love. This is an antisocial factor. Monogamy engenders jealousy in both sexes and this interferes with ... All these factors make social relationship between members of the same sex easier than between members of the opposite sex. In ... A most important factor is that womens work is often of a relatively domestic and unsocial nature as compared with mans. The ... This factor should not be over-emphasized. In feminine homosociality the libido is less aim inhibited than in male homosocial ...
Researchers have identified risk factors and protective factors related to sexual risk behaviour. Kirby32 is at the forefront ... 32. Kirby D. Effective approaches in reducing adolescent unprotected sex, pregnancy and childbearing. J Sex Res 2002; 39: 51-57 ... 8 The eight elements are presented along with a short discussion of how CAOs can incorporate these elements into effective ways ... Element 5: After-school activities. After-school hours, when young people are out of school while parents may still be at work ...
How often do we hear about a high profile case of child sex abuse on cable news? Too often is the correct answer. Next question ... Women: The US DOJ identifies that there are several factors that increase sexual assault risk. And then there are certain self- ... Virtually every college in America offers trainings that includes these elements to help keep women safe from offenders while ... Sex sells. Sex crimes become a form of entertainment. Covering the high profile crimes are good for ratings. Ratings are good ...
2017) Bombyx mori P-element somatic inhibitor (BmPSI) is a key auxiliary factor for silkworm male sex determination. PLoS Genet ... Identifying and adapting sex-specific traits for sex separation is an important goal in developing insect genetic sexing ... sex-specific detectable phenotypes that are convenient for manipulation (5). Insect sex is determined by sex chromosome ... Scale bars: A, A′, B, B′, I, I′, J, and J′, 0.2 mm; C, C′, D, D′, K, K′, L, and L′, 0.4 mm; E-H′, M-P′, 40 mm). (Q) Sex- ...
18)Table 1 gives the index of association between the autosomal factor and sex,. (19)and between the X-linked factor and sex,. ... In particular, elements of the reproductive value q (Equation 4) have the form. (11)for Ω any subset of indexes in {1, … , l} ... the factor-sex association column shows a measure of interaction (Equation 8) between a single incompatibility factor and sex ... a single factor transmitted through both sexes that induces non-sex-specific incompatibility (σf = σm = σ ≤ 1) either imposes ...
... refers to sex and drug-injection partners (i.e., persons with whom an index patient has had sex or shared drug-injection ... Standards. Elements or procedures that must be followed by CDC grantees in virtually all instances in which CDC funds are used ... Because of differences in biological factors and progression of various diseases, the recommended interview period varies by ... Social contact. A person named by the index patient during an interview as part of the social network who is not a sex or drug- ...
  • All these factors make social relationship between members of the same sex easier than between members of the opposite sex. (
  • The MUSS crew came along and essentially said, "The proposition 'The sexes are the same except for the superficial physical differences' has a corollary: 'Change the superficial physical differences, and you can be the opposite sex. (
  • 2) Those prior Judicial Yuan Interpretations mentioning "husband and wife" or "a man and a woman," in terms of the factual backgrounds of the original cases from which they arose, were made within the context of opposite-sex marriage. (
  • 4) Creation of a permanent union of intimate and exclusive nature for the committed purpose of managing a life together by two persons of the same sex will not affect the application of the Marriage Chapter to the union of two persons of the opposite sex. (
  • Nor will it alter the social order established upon the existing opposite-sex marriage. (
  • Furthermore, the freedom of marriage for two persons of the same sex, once legally recognized, will constitute the collective basis, together with opposite-sex marriage, for a stable society. (
  • He is a part of the 1980's Androgynous scene where seem as cool or the norm for some people male and female to walk around dressed as the opposite sex. (
  • Barton and Bengtsson 1986 ) by addressing sex specificity in expression of disruptions associated with hybridization, in rates of crossing over between incompatibility factors and marker loci, and in linkage to sex chromosomes or other regions transmitted in a sex-specific manner. (
  • This represents a remarkable mechanism underpinning the birth of sex chromosomes. (
  • During evolution of sex chromosomes in placental mammals, the degradation of the Y chromosome and inactivation spreading along the X chromosome occurred gradually and in concert. (
  • In this review, in context of a comparison permitting to trace this evolutionary pathway, we consider the structural features of mammalian sex chromosomes focusing on the X-chromosomal genes and the unique epigenetic mechanism of their regulation. (
  • This study captures one of many examples in nature where the environment, rather than chromosomes, plays the dominant role in sex determination. (
  • In this system, males have two Z sex chromosomes, whereas females have Z and W sex chromosomes. (
  • Many heterogametic organisms adjust sex chromosome expression to accommodate differences in gene dosage. (
  • This requires selective recruitment of regulatory factors to the modulated chromosome. (
  • How these factors are localized to a chromosome with requisite accuracy is poorly understood. (
  • Identification of this chromosome involves cooperation between different classes of X-identity elements. (
  • The silkworm, Bombyx mori , has a WZ/ZZ sex chromosome system seen in lepidopteran insects in which the females are heterogametic. (
  • Here, we describe a W chromosome-based, genetic-sexing system combining transcriptional activator-like effector nucleases and CRISPR/Cas9 technologies in B. mori . (
  • Development of silkworm strains with ubiquitous female-specific fluorescence for convenient genetic sorting or complete female-specific embryonic lethality for male-only rearing provides a successful example of targeting an insect sex chromosome with genome editing tools, which should assist future sterile insect technique development for pest insects. (
  • Integration of selectable marker genes into a sex chromosome is particularly useful in insects with a heterogametic sex determination system. (
  • In mammals, primary sex determination is commenced by the presence or absence of the Y chromosome, which controls the fate of the gonadal primordium. (
  • In most of mammals, a single genetic trigger, the Y-linked gene Sry (sex determination region on Y chromosome), regulates testicular differentiation. (
  • SLP1 int is a 17.2-kb genetic element that normally is integrated site specifically into the chromosome of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). (
  • A large number of mobile genetic elements, including plasmids and integrative elements capable of site-specific integration into the chromosome, have been identified in Streptomyces , Saccharopolyspora , Amycolatopsis , and other gram-positive bacteria belonging to the order Actinomycetales ( 12 , 18 ). (
  • Here we provide evidence indicating that the genome of Wolbachia bacterial endosymbionts was horizontally transferred into a chromosome of the common pillbug Armadillidium vulgare , which resulted in this chromosome evolving as a new female (W) sex chromosome. (
  • One major numerator element on the X chromosome is sisterless-b (sis-b), also called scute, which encodes an HLH-type transcription factor. (
  • However, the W chromosome is almost fully occupied by transposable element sequences, and no functional protein-coding gene has been identified so far. (
  • Female-enriched PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are the only known transcripts that are produced from the sex-determining region of the W chromosome, but the function(s) of these piRNAs are unknown. (
  • Here we show that a W-chromosome-derived, female-specific piRNA is the feminizing factor of B. mori. (
  • Fem sequences were arranged in tandem in the sex-determining region of the W chromosome. (
  • Our study characterizes a single small RNA that is responsible for primary sex determination in the WZ sex determination system. (
  • The evolution of sex contains two related yet distinct themes: its origin and its maintenance . (
  • and, 2) provide an annotated listing (based on current knowledge) of the elements that would populate the RDoC matrix with respect to the genes, molecules, cells, circuits, physiology, and self-reports comprising each PVS Construct, as well as identify promising and reliable behavioral tasks that can be used to assess function within a Construct. (
  • In addition, we found that the HLH gene extramacrochaetae (emc), like daughterless (da), is needed maternally for proper communication of the X:A ratio, thus supporting the idea that a set of HLH genes comprises a functional cassette that makes a sensitive and stable genetic switch used in both neural determination and sex determination. (
  • PcG proteins act on cis -regulatory elements of the homeotic genes to recognize target promoters and maintain the silenced state. (
  • Mutation studies in human patients with disorders of sex development and mouse models have revealed factors that are involved in mammalian sex determination. (
  • The recent cloning of the pho gene has shown that it encodes a zinc finger protein related to the mammalian transcription factor YY1 and that it recognizes specific DNA sequences, making PHO the only PcG protein so far characterized that has specific DNA binding properties. (
  • and highlight how what we know about juvenile sex offenders should impact the ways in which we manage them. (
  • and what the current available literature tells us about treatment outcomes for juvenile sex offenders. (
  • First it is important to know that not all sex offenders are the same. (
  • Virtually every college in America offers trainings that includes these elements to help keep women safe from offenders while in college and beyond. (
  • When it comes to its convicted child sex offenders, Australia is considering nipping the problem in the bud, literally. (
  • New South Wales' justice minister, Troy Grant, would like the treatment to be made mandatory since the rate of recidivism for sex offenders is so high, according to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation . (
  • Yet states such as Iowa, Florida and California can require sex offenders to be administered libido-eliminating treatment. (
  • Sex offenders may not be a particularly sympathetic group since they pose a serious threat to the most vulnerable members of society, children. (
  • Factors such as alcoholism and substance abuse, as well as sexual abuse are considered as factors that can lead to sex offenders behaviour, but are described more in the creation of a sex offender rather than the motivation of their acts. (
  • The nature nurture controversy that appears in all psychological fields applies to serial sex offenders also. (
  • Whilst not all sex offenders kill their victims, there is still a great deal of perpetrators who do. (
  • Those offenders who murder their victims are known as serial sex offenders, compared to those who commit acts of sexual assault. (
  • There are various types of sex offenders, which will be listed below. (
  • This textbook chapter will look at primary sex offenders and the motives of their crimes, but will also look at the methods and fantasy components to the act of killing their victims. (
  • Some sex offenders may only commit one offence in their lives, whilst others may become a sexual predator and commit more than one offence, earning the title of a serial sexual offender. (
  • August Weismann picked up the thread in 1889, arguing that sex serves to generate genetic variation , as detailed in the majority of the explanations below. (
  • Sex separation methods are critical for commercial aspects of rearing silkworms, and genetic-sexing systems also could serve as the basis for adaptation to sterile insect techniques for pest lepidopteran species. (
  • Sex separation methods are critical for genetic sexing systems in commercial insect production and sterile insect techniques. (
  • pSAM2, a 10.9-kb mobile integrative genetic element from Streptomyces ambofaciens , possesses, as do a majority of Streptomyces conjugative plasmids, a kil-kor system associated with its transfer. (
  • Thus, at the molecular level, the genetic and epigenetic factors interacted toward greater differentiation of the X/Y pair. (
  • The reasons for the sex bias in MS and other autoimmune diseases are unclear but may include such factors as sex-related differences in immune responsiveness, response to infection, sex steroid effects, and sex-linked genetic factors. (
  • SMAD4 is a tumor suppressor gene that is essential for transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) signalling ( 1 ), which plays important roles in cell differentiation, growth and apoptosis. (
  • The organization of the kil-kor system for integrative elements follows the same pattern, with the Kor protein being indispensable for the transcriptional repression of the tra gene. (
  • deadpan, an essential pan-neural gene encoding an HLH protein, acts as a denominator in Drosophila sex determination. (
  • We report here that an essential pan-neural gene, the autosomal HLH gene deadpan (dpn), acts as a denominator element. (
  • Silencing of homeotic gene expression requires the function of cis -regulatory elements known as Polycomb Response Elements (PREs). (
  • The MCP silencer element of the Drosophila homeotic gene Abdominal-B has been shown to behave as a PRE and to be required for silencing throughout development. (
  • Within the MCP138 fragment, there are four binding sites for the Pleiohomeotic protein (PHO) and two binding sites for the GAGA factor (GAF), encoded by the Trithorax-like gene. (
  • Inhibition of Fem-derived piRNA-mediated signalling in female embryos led to the production of the male-specific splice variants of B. mori doublesex (Bmdsx), a gene which acts at the downstream end of the sex differentiation cascade. (
  • Our analysis extends previous work by accommodating sex specificity: differences between the sexes in the expression of incompatibility, in rates of crossing over between neutral markers and incompatibility loci, and in transmission of markers or incompatibility factors. (
  • It held that the sexes were the same except for the superficial physical differences, and, therefore, raising boys and girls identically would result in their being identical in personality, inclination and abilities. (
  • It was in the 1970s that feminist scholars adopted the term gender as way of distinguishing "socially constructed" aspects of male-female differences (gender) from "biologically determined" aspects (sex). (
  • The purpose of this article is to provide a state-of-the-field review of what is known at present about sex differences in various autoimmune diseases, with a focus on MS. Where applicable, information about SLE and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is included. (
  • The prostate gland requires both androgens and polypeptide growth factors for proliferation, differentiation, and maintenance of function. (
  • The fate of the genital ridge, which is governed by the differentiation of somatic cells into Sertoli cells in the testes or granulosa cells in the ovaries, further determines the sex of an individual and their germ cells. (
  • Sex determination is an evolutionarily ancient, key developmental pathway governing sexual differentiation in animals. (
  • Sex determination is a fundamental developmental pathway governing male and female differentiation, with profound implications for morphology, reproductive strategies, and behavior. (
  • We show that the evolutionary process at neutral markers in a genome subject to incompatibility selection is well approximated by a purely neutral process with migration rates appropriately scaled to reflect the influence of selection targeted to incompatibility factors. (
  • We confirm that in the absence of sex specificity and functional epistasis among incompatibility factors, the barrier to introgression induced by multiple incompatibility factors corresponds to the product of the barriers induced by the factors individually. (
  • A new finding is that barriers to introgression due to sex-specific incompatibility depart in general from multiplicativity. (
  • Our partitioning of variation in relative reproductive rate suggests that such departures derive from associations between sex and incompatibility and between sex and neutral markers. (
  • Concordant sex-specific incompatibility (for example, greater impairment of male hybrids or longer map lengths in females) induces lower barriers (higher rates of introgression) than expected under multiplicativity, and discordant sex-specific incompatibility induces higher barriers. (
  • Since hypotheses for the origin of sex are difficult to verify experimentally (outside of evolutionary computation ), most current work has focused on the persistence of sexual reproduction over evolutionary time. (
  • Sex determination systems are remarkably variable between species or groups of species, however, and the evolutionary forces underlying transitions between these systems are poorly understood. (
  • We conclude that bacteria can be powerful agents of evolutionary transitions in sex determination systems in animals. (
  • While tradition has leaned toward a dichotomy between these two processes - one mechanism or the other determining the fate, depending on the species - mounting research suggests that sex development is not that simple, says Daniel Warner, an evolutionary ecologist at Auburn University. (
  • In this article we explore eight different elements of effective prevention strategies that CAOs could adopt to discourage risky behaviour in young people. (
  • 8 The eight elements are presented along with a short discussion of how CAOs can incorporate these elements into effective ways of preventing high-risk behaviour. (
  • Although imparting knowledge - to correct for misconceptions and inaccurate beliefs - is an essential component of programs to prevent high-risk behaviour, other elements critical to successful intervention must be considered when designing prevention programs. (
  • Could the scientists intervene in determining the contributing factors towards this idiotic pervasive behaviour by the Majority of Malawian men. (
  • In Drosophila, sex is determined by the X:A ratio. (
  • To look at links between patient age, sex, ethnicity and other possible risk factors and levels of distress. (
  • Depending on the context, these characteristics may include biological sex (i.e., the state of being male, female, or an intersex variation), sex-based social structures (i.e., gender roles ), or gender identity . (
  • The second common driver behind male, female or intersex development is environmental sex determination, where factors such as temperature control the sex of an organism. (
  • This discussion paper found from literature that risk behaviours in any population are shaped by social, structural and cultural factors. (
  • Undi et al, 2007) During the 1980s and 1990s the focus of HIV prevention targeted risk-groups such as sex workers, migrants, members of the military, track drivers, injecting drug users (IDU) and risk behaviours such as unprotected sex. (
  • Evidence suggests that both biological and social factors make up the characteristics and behaviours of a sex offender. (
  • Male Victims of Same-Sex Abuse includes a comprehensive assessment tool that brings focus to the treatment strategy. (
  • Male Victims of Same Sex Abuse will be helpful to every clinician who works with male victims of sexual assault. (
  • Who Will Benefit From Male Victims of Same Sex Abuse ? (
  • Risk factors identified include age younger than 3 years, failed or delayed passage of meconium, and male sex. (
  • The idea was that if you could convince people the sexes were basically equal in worldly capacities, no one would think there was any reason to keep women out of what traditionally had been male realms. (
  • Sex determination is essential for the sexual reproduction to generate the next generation by the formation of functional male or female gametes. (
  • Here, we review the recent progress that has provided new insights into the mechanisms underlying genital ridge formation as well as the regulation of Sry expression and its functions in male sex determination of mice. (
  • For example sex is a factor, generally incorporating two levels: male and female. (
  • [7] Later, in 2011, the FDA reversed its position and began using sex as the biological classification and gender as "a person's self representation as male or female, or how that person is responded to by social institutions based on the individual's gender presentation. (
  • The average physical strength of the sexes for the second period (twelve to sixteen years) is about equal, so that this sudden proportional increase in crimes against persons in the male sex is the result almost entirely of those qualities which mentally characterize the male. (
  • And another recent study documented male-to-female sex changes in trees, prompted by physiological stress and trauma. (
  • Male sex was predictive of a shorter time to reach a requirement for assisted walking devices. (
  • Increasingly, however, my male patients are coming in to discuss their sex lives and, more specifically, their inability to consistently have erections. (
  • For every man who is worried about the possible loss of potency -- the ability to have a firm erection each and every time he wants to have sex -- for every male who has already experienced it, and for every partner who ever wondered what to do, there is not only hope, there is this new medical miracle. (
  • Sex steroid hormones, progesterone, estradiol, and dihydrotestosterone help regulate tumor cell growth in the brain, along with various other pathophysiological processes. (
  • Next, steroid receptors enter the nucleus and interact with hormone response elements located in the promoter regions of target cells. (
  • The silkworm Bombyx mori uses a WZ sex determination system that is analogous to the one found in birds and some reptiles. (
  • National education policies, the crucial element in enhancing human resource development, must focus on transmitting gender equality as a principal value. (
  • In Haiti, cultural stereotypes still existed on both sides of the gender line and cultural elements helped perpetuate discrimination, its representative said. (
  • There are other factors at work and gender or sex is one element. (
  • For decades the dominant, feminism-prescribed theory (mis)shaping thinking on the sexes was known as "gender neutrality. (
  • Sexologist John Money introduced the terminological distinction between biological sex and gender as a role in 1955. (
  • [1] [2] However, Money's meaning of the word did not become widespread until the 1970s, when feminist theory embraced the concept of a distinction between biological sex and the social construct of gender . (
  • In other contexts, including some areas of the social sciences, gender includes sex or replaces it. (
  • [1] [2] For instance, in non-human animal research, gender is commonly used to refer to the biological sex of the animals. (
  • In 1993, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) started to use gender instead of sex . (
  • In some English literature, there is also a trichotomy between biological sex, psychological gender, and social gender role. (
  • The Oxford Etymological Dictionary of the English Language of 1882 defined gender as kind, breed, sex , derived from the Latin ablative case of genus , like genere natus , which refers to birth. (
  • [1] Analysis of more than 30 million academic article titles from 1945-2001 showed that the uses of the term "gender" , were much rarer than uses of "sex" , was often used as a grammatical category early in this period. (
  • By the end of this period, uses of "gender" outnumbered uses of "sex" in the social sciences, arts, and humanities. (
  • In the last two decades of the 20th century, the use of gender in academia has increased greatly, outnumbering uses of sex in the social sciences. (
  • Considering that each of these diseases is autoimmune, the effects of sex hormones and gender may be similar, making a comparison of these diseases useful. (
  • Most of the Streptomyces elements are self-transmissible and able to mobilize chromosomal markers. (
  • The intervention will focus on the elements critical to HIV risk behavior change. (
  • Criminal behavior is more complex, and sex crime behavior yet even more complex. (
  • Victims of modern slavery are exploited in every region of the world, compelled into service for labor or commercial sex in the real world of industry and on the pages of the internet. (
  • SINGAPORE - A 20-year-old who had sex with two underage victims he befriended on Facebook was sentenced to reformative training on Thursday. (
  • A single female-specific piRNA is the primary determiner of sex in the silkworm. (
  • Elements normally found in the body -- such as copper, chromium, zinc, and even lead, mercury, and uranium-- will show up in the hair, but the levels are quite variable and have little or no practical or clinical significance. (
  • As revealed by dosage-dependent dominant interactions, males die with too high a ratio of sc+ to dpn+, caused by misexpression of Sex lethal (Sxl) in embryos, and females die with too low a ratio of sc+ to dpn+, because of altered embryonic Sxl expression. (
  • Blake-Mahmud says the ability for some adult fish to change sexes, and clownfish dynamics in particular (they're all born males), throws a wrench into the premise. (
  • Philosophy Paper Seminar January 13, 2011 In this paper I will explore the elements of nursing theory and how I believe they are all tied together. (
  • In addition to these biological factors, there are also social and psychological factors associated with obesity. (
  • By this I mean not only the physical, but the very important psychological and emotional factors as well. (
  • The crucial role of the protein elements comprising this complex signal transduction network makes them potential targets for pharmacologic interference. (
  • Ramin 2007) The complex interplay of social, structural (political and economic), and cultural factors mediate the structure of risk in every population group. (
  • The literature reviewed shows that how long people live and how healthy they are depends on a complex mix of factors, including their lifestyle, where they live and even luck,' he said. (
  • In this sense, the multifactorial complex nature of sports injuries arises not from the linear interaction between isolated and predictive factors, but from the complex interaction among a web of determinants. (
  • Anna Mac Carthy Adams gives a timely update on the complex situation same-sex parents currently face, despite the passing of the marriage referendum and children's legislation, and we meet the man behind the return of Silver Stars, a moving musical about gay men who dared to be out and proud in Ireland of the 1980s. (
  • Sex evolved as an extremely efficient mechanism for producing variation, and this had the major advantage of enabling organisms to adapt to changing environments. (
  • Many of the hematological indices are influenced by many factors like sex, seasonal variation, lactation, pregnancy health, and nutritional status [ 4 ]. (
  • Researchers today are unraveling the many elements that determine the sex of an organism. (
  • We now show that,in prostate cancer cells,stim ulation with either androgens or estrogens up-regulates IGF-IR by inducing cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) activation. (
  • The scientific research shows that lack of protein and other important elements zinc can cause into sexual dysfunction. (
  • It has been an aspect of UK sex discrimination law since 1970, and the law is now incorporated into the Equality Act 2010. (
  • It's an aspect of UK sex discrimination law which has been in force for 50 years. (
  • This reductionist approach relies on correlation and regression analyses and, despite the vast effort to predict sports injuries, it has been limited in its ability to successfully identify predictive factors. (
  • Sex, however, has evolved as the most prolific means of species branching into the tree of life . (
  • Insect sex is determined genetically and shows high diversity among different species. (
  • The predicted TFBS profiles for each of the four promoters shared few transcription factors in common, but were conserved across several species. (
  • This study identifies genomic regions in the parental species that cause hybrid incompatibilities and tests whether these manifest in a sex-specific manner to learn about processes that affect natural hybridization in Cottus. (
  • Sex expression in hundreds of species is remarkably flexible. (
  • And it's really not that unusual - as many as 500 fish species can change sex in adulthood, along with plenty other animals and plants. (
  • Damage is a cue here for sex changing in this species," she says. (
  • In cooperation with Grb2, the guanine-nucleotide exchange factor Sos potentiates Ras, by catalyzing the replacement of GDP for GTP. (
  • This year's Trafficking in Persons Report highlights some of the elements of an effective community-based approach, the challenges in implementing such initiatives, and the opportunities national governments have to facilitate coordination, cooperation, and responsibility-sharing with and between local governments and communities. (
  • In order to determine the prevalence of methicillin (meticillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization among adults in community settings in Taiwan and identify its risk factors, we conducted the present study. (
  • Glioblastoma is the most common, aggressive, and lethal brain tumor, and activation of sex hormone receptors is involved in glioblastomas progression. (
  • This correlates with the evolution of vocal production learning, an important speciation factor, which is ancestral for songbirds and evolved convergent only in hummingbirds and parrots. (
  • Either there will be an extremely uncomfortable sex act, a grotesque display of violence, or lots of cussing. (
  • As I have said previously, the absence of an aggravating factor is not a mitigating factor. (
  • The problem I have with the manner in which sex crimes are covered by the media is that all relevant reporting occurs after a crime has happened. (
  • Sex crimes become a form of entertainment. (
  • Bearing in mind what has been said in a former chapter, [4] that the ratios of the sexes as to crimes against persons and property are 16 to 100 for the former, and 26 to 100 for the latter, and which also correspond to the difference in strength between the sexes, we see that the element of sexual inequality in strength does not present itself as a factor. (
  • Our study suggests that the subjective body temperature and digestive ability may be the principal diagnostic elements of Cold-Heat Pattern identification by Korean Medicine Doctors. (
  • These hormones bind to their respective intracellular receptors, which are ligand-activated transcription factors. (
  • These symptoms are more typically the end result of continuing stress that leads to the depletion of your adrenal glands, the loss of hormones, and imbalance of the essential nutrient elements. (
  • 1) For more than three decades, Petitioner Chia-Wei Chi has been appealing to the legislative, executive, and judicial departments for the right to same-sex marriage. (
  • We set out to identify the promoter(s) of SMAD4 , evaluate their activity in cell lines and define possible transcription factor binding sites (TFBS). (
  • The 3′-UTR contained, unexpectedly, transcription factor binding motifs that were specific for different higher-level taxa. (
  • Some of the high-status women defined sex only as intercourse, while they saw "hooking up," including oral sex, as a low-risk way to experiment sexually and even prepare for a successful marriage. (
  • The term 'sex offender' is often used as a group term to describe individuals who commit sexually deviant acts, whether they are a once off, continuous or involve the killing of the victim. (
  • In a former paper of this series, [1] I believe I proved, beyond a doubt, that there are types of mind which are purely the outcome of sex, and which define the mental condition of the sexes. (
  • An active component of complete health, the ability to have satisfying sex is a marker signifying that all the elements which define us are working together seamlessly. (
  • But based on the study so far risk factors like poor social support may play a more important role than patient factors like age. (
  • While it is true that the social conditions, which we have so briefly analyzed, [2] bear upon woman chiefly because she is as she is, yet they bear also upon the other sex. (
  • In its first report, the committee also identified specific indicators that correspond to the five social risk factors. (
  • These indicators represent ways to measure the latent constructs of the social risk factors and are distinct from specific measures. (
  • Figure 3-1 presents a modified version of the committee's conceptual framework, expanded to include indicators of each social risk factor. (
  • FIGURE 3-1 Conceptual framework of social risk factors and performance indicators for value-based payment (VBP). (
  • The ongoing work reveals surprising flexibility of sex expression in living creatures and a network of social and environmental cues that influence it. (
  • The yelling stopped-we kissed so hard, and then I was naked on top of him, having really good sex in the car, which was parked in front of my house. (
  • So, men have to learn to eliminate negative emotions, keep the good mental health and avoid bad mood when having sex. (
  • In fact, not only is this turnabout an imperative of equality, there isn't even a good reason to have separate, sex-specific arenas in the first place. (
  • This is followed by having extremely good sex (no surprises there) and going to a job interview. (
  • It is an overanalyzed element that does not factor into the equation of good writing. (
  • What it comes down to is this: sex is good for you. (
  • The partnership plans to work with over 150 local partner organizations from across Easter Europe and Central Asia, advocating for SRHR of women and young people from key populations (living with HIV, sex workers, using drugs, LGBT, in prison) and transgender people as integral part of the Universal Health Coverage (UHC). (
  • Labour migrants are one of the populations most vulnerable to HIV in the world, which is explained by a number of factors. (
  • Which factors and habits will lead to the loss of libido and sexual function of men? (
  • The US DOJ identifies that there are several factors that increase sexual assault risk. (
  • In other words, the correspondence in the proportion of the sexes to the two classes of crime represents physical equality, while the difference (1 to 6) is the result of mental sexual traits, which, even at this early age, present themselves. (
  • A sex offender is a person who has committed a sex crime which includes but is not limited to rape, statutory rape, sexual abuse, possessing child pornography, pedophilia and child molestation (Min-Chieh, Maxwell & Barclay, 2000). (
  • The prosecutor also highlighted aggravating factors such as an element of sexual exploitation in this case, and the fact that Chua did not use any contraception. (
  • Unlike data collected for clinical trials and research studies, in which scientists comprehensively measure and follow the health status of patients, national case surveillance data focus on capturing demographic and risk factor information about people with COVID-19. (
  • For multivariable analysis, two models were constructed to investigate risk factors for SAM, at individual and household level. (
  • There are risk factors that might make some people have higher Kessler scores following natural disasters. (
  • This review identified five key risk factors for mental illness following natural disasters. (
  • If someone had none of the five risk factors their distress levels were around 25. (
  • If a person had four risk factors their distress levels averaged 34. (
  • This highlights the need for a model that takes many risk factors into account. (
  • If patient outcomes are to improve, then evaluation of the contribution of all of the potential risk factors and interventions is essential. (
  • Risk factors for MRSA colonization were determined. (
  • Before the late 1990s, nearly all methicillin (meticillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections occurred in patients with specific risk factors who were in health care facilities ( 31 ). (
  • MRSA colonization is an important risk factor for subsequent MRSA infection ( 30 ), so several studies in the United States have characterized the MRSA colonization rate in a community setting ( 13 , 16 ). (
  • This novel view of preventive intervention relies on the identification of regularities or risk profile, moving from risk factors to risk pattern recognition. (
  • However, for some injuries (eg, hamstring strain and patellar tendinopathy (PT)), these techniques have not yet yielded consistent identification of risk factors. (
  • The difference in mortality resembled the expected sex ratio of mortality risk, so no specific effect of sex was observed in this study ( 3 ). (
  • Men also had a higher rate of cerebellar involvement and a higher risk of primary-progressive disease, both of which are factors associated with a poorer prognosis. (
  • Risk factors for osteoporosis include sex, race, age and inadequate calcium intake. (
  • 1) The provisions of Chapter 2 on Marriage of Part IV on Family of the Civil Code do not allow two persons of the same sex to create a permanent union of intimate and exclusive nature for the committed purpose of managing a life together. (
  • The most important way that obesity influences a man's sex life is by decreasing the amount of blood that flows to the penis. (
  • Similarly, a survival analysis from the date of diagnosis in Norwegian MS patients showed no effect of sex on life expectancy ( 4 ). (
  • All adults are entitled to a fulfilling sex life. (