Frail Elderly: Older adults or aged individuals who are lacking in general strength and are unusually susceptible to disease or to other infirmity.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Housing for the Elderly: Housing arrangements for the elderly or aged, intended to foster independent living. The housing may take the form of group homes or small apartments. It is available to the economically self-supporting but the concept includes housing for the elderly with some physical limitations. The concept should be differentiated from HOMES FOR THE AGED which is restricted to long-term geriatric facilities providing supervised medical and nursing services.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Homes for the Aged: Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.Institutionalization: The caring for individuals in institutions and their adaptation to routines characteristic of the institutional environment, and/or their loss of adaptation to life outside the institution.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Geriatrics: The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Home Care Services: Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Geriatric Nursing: Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.JapanHealth Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Dentures: An appliance used as an artificial or prosthetic replacement for missing teeth and adjacent tissues. It does not include CROWNS; DENTAL ABUTMENTS; nor TOOTH, ARTIFICIAL.Dependency (Psychology): The tendency of an individual or individuals to rely on others for advice, guidance, or support.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Geriatric Psychiatry: A subspecialty of psychiatry concerned with the mental health of the aged.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Poetry as Topic: Literary and oral genre expressing meaning via symbolism and following formal or informal patterns.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mental Status Schedule: Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Long-Term Care: Care over an extended period, usually for a chronic condition or disability, requiring periodic, intermittent, or continuous care.EnglandNetherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.BrazilHospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Home Nursing: Nursing care given to an individual in the home. The care may be provided by a family member or a friend. Home nursing as care by a non-professional is differentiated from HOME CARE SERVICES provided by professionals: visiting nurse, home health agencies, hospital, or other organized community group.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Great BritainHip Fractures: Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.House Calls: Visits to the patient's home by professional personnel for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment.Intergenerational Relations: The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.Community Health Nursing: General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population or community. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Yugoslavia: Created as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes in 1918. Yugoslavia became the official name in 1929. BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA; CROATIA; and SLOVENIA formed independent countries 7 April 1992. Macedonia became independent 8 February 1994 as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (MACEDONIA REPUBLIC).Sarcopenia: Progressive decline in muscle mass due to aging which results in decreased functional capacity of muscles.LondonTreatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Residential Facilities: Long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Clothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Tai Ji: One of the MARTIAL ARTS and also a form of meditative exercise using methodically slow circular stretching movements and positions of body balance.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.TaiwanHypervitaminosis A: A symptom complex resulting from ingesting excessive amounts of VITAMIN A.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Hearing Aids: Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Single Person: The unmarried man or woman.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Hospital Restructuring: Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.Patient Admission: The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Vestibular Diseases: Pathological processes of the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH which contains part of the balancing apparatus. Patients with vestibular diseases show instability and are at risk of frequent falls.Thiamine Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)Gait: Manner or style of walking.Independent Living: A housing and community arrangement that maximizes independence and self-determination.Polypharmacy: The use of multiple drugs administered to the same patient, most commonly seen in elderly patients. It includes also the administration of excessive medication. Since in the United States most drugs are dispensed as single-agent formulations, polypharmacy, though using many drugs administered to the same patient, must be differentiated from DRUG COMBINATIONS, single preparations containing two or more drugs as a fixed dose, and from DRUG THERAPY, COMBINATION, two or more drugs administered separately for a combined effect. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.United StatesExercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Drug Utilization: The utilization of drugs as reported in individual hospital studies, FDA studies, marketing, or consumption, etc. This includes drug stockpiling, and patient drug profiles.Treatment Refusal: Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Self-Help Devices: Devices, not affixed to the body, designed to help persons having musculoskeletal or neuromuscular disabilities to perform activities involving movement.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.New Brunswick: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NOVA SCOTIA; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Fredericton. It was named in honor of King George III, of the House of Hanover, also called Brunswick. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p828 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.ItalyDay Care: Institutional health care of patients during the day. The patients return home at night.Betaxolol: A cardioselective beta-1-adrenergic antagonist with no partial agonist activity.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.FinlandCardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Quebec: A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Laughter: An involuntary expression of merriment and pleasure; it includes the patterned motor responses as well as the inarticulate vocalization.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Skilled Nursing Facilities: Extended care facilities which provide skilled nursing care or rehabilitation services for inpatients on a daily basis.Sensation Disorders: Disorders of the special senses (i.e., VISION; HEARING; TASTE; and SMELL) or somatosensory system (i.e., afferent components of the PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM).Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Osteoporosis: Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.Nursing Staff: Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in an organized facility, institution, or agency.Drug Therapy: The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Vitamin B 12 Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Dementia, Vascular: An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Physical Therapists: Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.Bed Occupancy: A measure of inpatient health facility use based upon the average number or proportion of beds occupied for a given period of time.Mobility Limitation: Difficulty in walking from place to place.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Hand Strength: Force exerted when gripping or grasping.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.WalesVitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.SwedenAccidents, HomePolandVitamin B 12: A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Cholinergic Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate CHOLINERGIC RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of ACETYLCHOLINE or cholinergic agonists.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Northern IrelandHealth Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Homebound Persons: Those unable to leave home without exceptional effort and support; patients (in this condition) who are provided with or are eligible for home health services, including medical treatment and personal care. Persons are considered homebound even if they may be infrequently and briefly absent from home if these absences do not indicate an ability to receive health care in a professional's office or health care facility. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p309)Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Architectural Accessibility: Designs for approaching areas inside or outside facilities.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Scotland
A healthy person scores 0; a very frail person scores 5. Compared to non-frail elderly people, people with intermediate frailty ... Elderly people[edit]. Older adults have widely varying physical health. Frail elderly people are at significant risk of post- ... Populations such as incarcerated persons, people living with dementia, the mentally incompetent, persons subject to coercion, ... The patient or subject on which the surgery is performed can be a person or an animal. A surgeon is a person who practices ...
High healthcare demand from elderly people. *Broken part. *Lack of awareness. *Abnormal traffic (click fraud) on web ads ...
"In Norman, Ian J.; Redfern, Sally J. (eds.). Mental Health Care for Elderly People. London. pp. 183-204. ISBN 9780443051739. . ... affliction and he also remarks that at his clinic he sees almost as many young people suffering from senility as old people ( ... His brief clinical report described the case of a person with a psychotic disorder resembling hebephrenia. German psychiatrist ...
... making it a safer antidepressant in the elderly or people with physical disorders.[63] Of 18 people who overdosed on ... In healthy people moclobemide has a relatively small suppressing effect on REM sleep; in contrast, depressed people who have ... "Moclobemide compared with second-generation antidepressants in elderly people". Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. 360: 64-6. PMID ... Elderly[edit]. Reversible MAOIs such as moclobemide may have advantages in the treatment of depression associated with ...
Lower thresholds are sometimes appropriate for elderly people.[12] The normal daily temperature variation is typically 0.5 °C ( ... Normal human body temperature varies slightly from person to person and by the time of day. Consequently, each type of ... a wide range of temperatures has been found in healthy people.[5] The body temperature of a healthy person varies during the ... Taking a person's temperature is an initial part of a full clinical examination. There are various types of medical ...
Elderly people are more sensitive to these side-effects.[110] Some benzodiazepines have demonstrated effectiveness in sleep ... Insomnia affects people of all age groups but people in the following groups have a higher chance of acquiring insomnia.[44] ... of people have insomnia that is not due to another problem and lasts for more than a month.[9] People over the age of 65 are ... of people have insomnia that is not due to another problem and lasts for more than a month.[9] People over the age of 65 are ...
YOUNG CHILDREN...ELDERLY PEOPLE...THOSE WITH ILLNESSES OR HEART CONDITIONS...AND THOSE WHO WORK OUTDOORS ARE ESPECIALLY AT RISK ... HEAT RELATED ILLNESSES ARE LIKELY IN THESE CONDITIONS FOR ALL PEOPLE WITH PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO THE HEAT. ...
Elderly people can make different lifestyle choices in eating healthy. Dietary choices are often a result of personal beliefs ... These congregate meal programs are encouraged to offer these elderly people a meal at least five times per week. Less access to ... With certain diseases, people tend to develop specific preferences or distaste for various types of food. For example, people ... There are multiple parts of an elderly person's life that can affect their preferences in foods. Aspects like the environment, ...
... and falls in elderly people". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 75 (4): 611-615. ISSN 0002-9165. PMID 11916748. ... People with a darker pigment of skin or increased amounts of melanin in their skin, may have decreased production of Vitamin D ... Social and religious customs that require people to wear concealing clothing, veiling and traditional attire, such as the burqa ... but evidence is insufficient to recommend that vitamin D be prescribed for people with cancer. Taking vitamin D supplements has ...
Heavy cognitive load can disturb balance in elderly people. Conversely, an increasing demand for balance can increase cognitive ... Elderly[edit]. The danger of heavy cognitive load is seen in the elderly population. Aging can cause declines in the efficiency ... And in the early 1970s Simon and Chase[8] were the first to use the term "chunk" to describe how people might organize ... As cognitive load increases, the sway in center of mass in elderly individuals increases.[33] Another study examined the ...
Bain KT (June 2006). "Management of chronic insomnia in elderly persons". Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 4 (2): 168-92. doi:10.1016 ... hold promise for the management of chronic insomnia in elderly people. Long-term use of sedative-hypnotics for insomnia lacks ... significant clinical advantages in efficacy or tolerability in elderly persons. It was found that newer agents with novel ... is needed to evaluate the long-term effects of treatment and the most appropriate management strategy for elderly persons with ...
A healthy person scores 0; a very frail person scores 5. Compared to non-frail elderly people, people with intermediate frailty ... Frail elderly people are at significant risk of post-surgical complications and the need for extended care. Frailty more than ... Rockwood, K; Andrew M; Mitnitski A (Jul 2007). "A comparison of two approaches to measuring frailty in elderly people". J ... with the risk of being discharged to a nursing home rising to twenty times the rate for non-frail elderly people. ...
Elderly people often associate their functional and physical decline with the normal ageing process.[28][29] The elderly may ... implies that the more active elderly people are, the more likely they are to be satisfied with life. The view that elderly ... This can lead to isolation and possible depression in elderly people.[42] Macular degeneration is a common cause of vision loss ... Common conditions that can increase the risk of hearing loss in elderly people are high blood pressure, diabetes or the use of ...
... and being underweight are more common in the elderly than in adults of other ages.[146] If elderly people are ... People affected[edit]. There were 793 million undernourished people in the world in 2015. This was 216 million fewer people ... In Australia malnutrition or risk of malnutrition occurs in 80 percent of elderly people presented to hospitals for admission.[ ... Milne, AC; Potter, J; Vivanti, A; Avenell, A (15 April 2009). "Protein and energy supplementation in elderly people at risk ...
The elderly are more likely to have OSA than young people. Men are more likely to suffer sleep apnea than women and children ... of people.[9] A type of central sleep apnea was described in the German myth of Ondine's curse where the person when asleep ... These splint the person's airway open during sleep by means of pressurized air. The person typically wears a plastic facial ... Many people benefit from sleeping at a 30-degree elevation of the upper body[30] or higher, as if in a recliner. Doing so helps ...
532-. ISBN 978-0-19-162675-3. K. Ghose (11 November 2013). Antidepressants for Elderly People. Springer. pp. 182-. ISBN 978-1- ...
A detective on the case said: "People are clearly taking advantage...Especially the elderly people. I mean, these are people ... it still belongs to the people, all the people. This is worship, work, culture. It's all Dreaming. There are two ways of ... To Aboriginal people of the region they are known as Gwion Gwion or Giro Giro. Other painted rock art sites include Laura, ... The reason aboriginal people made wood carvings was to represent the stories they tell to help tell the stories. They were also ...
ISBN 978-1-58562-309-9. K. Ghose (11 November 2013). Antidepressants for Elderly People. Springer. pp. 182-. ISBN 978-1-4899- ...
Thousands of people attended the event. The "elderly people cried. Many kneeled. All clapped. There was no distinction between ... He continued to be thought of as a national symbol, the Father of the People personified. This view was even stronger among ... The dedication of a statue of the Emperor in Petrópolis on 5 February 1911 was attended by more than 1,500 people, including ... His wife, Princess Isabel, was elderly, unwell and unable to participate. She died one year later, without ever seeing her ...
"An approach to the management of unintentional weight loss in elderly people". Canadian Medical Association Journal. 172 (6): ... even lesser amounts of weight loss can be a cause for serious concern in a frail elderly person.[30] ... People with HIV often experience weight loss, and it is associated with poorer outcomes.[35] Wasting syndrome is an AIDS- ... Huffman, GB (Feb 15, 2002). "Evaluating and treating unintentional weight loss in the elderly". American Family Physician. 65 ( ...
"Dry mouth and its effects on the oral health of elderly people". Journal of the American Dental Association (1939). 138 (1): ... In persons with normal salivary flow rate, acid will be neutralized in about 20 minutes. People with dry mouth often will take ... It is more common in older people (mostly because this group tend to take several medications) and in persons who breathe ... However, sometimes the clinical findings do not correlate with the symptoms experienced.[9] E.g., a person with signs of ...
This concept is applicable to adults who are under care such as elderly people, disabled people, and people with mental health ... In elderly people overprotection can result in learned dependency and a decreased ability to perform self care. "It is possible ... Persons with special needs need these chances, too. Of course, we are talking about prudent risks. People should not be ... Kennie, David C. (1993). Preventive care for elderly people. Cambridge, Angleterre: Cambridge University Press. p. 24. ISBN ...
"Senate passes Elderly Persons Bill". TIMBUKTU MEDIA. July 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-17. "Will FG reverse Abuja land charges ... In July 2009 the Senate passed the National Agency for Elderly Persons bill, sponsored by Heineken Lokpobiri, which will give ... welfare and recreational facilities to elderly people in the country. In September 2009, the authorities of the Federal Capital ... In 2015 he decamped from the ruling Peoples Democratic Part PDP to the All Progressive Congress APC. He was later nominated by ...
For services to Elderly People in Dunfermline, Fife. Daniel McGregor Ince. For services to Young People and the community in ... For services to Elderly People in Staffordshire. Janet Evelyn Jacklin. For services to Mentally Ill People in Colchester, Essex ... For services to Elderly and Disabled People in East Molesey, Surrey. Edwin Albert Stanley. Lately Senior Professional and ... Secretary, Halfway Elderly People's Club. For services to the community in Holbrook, Sheffield. Betty Eileen Ward. For services ...
Diagnosis-Independent Alzheimer Disease Biomarker Signature in Cognitively Normal Elderly People. „Arch Neurol.". 67 (8), s. ... Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people. „Cochrane ... a b Schneider J, Murray J, Banerjee S, Mann A. EUROCARE: a cross-national study of co-resident spouse carers for people with ... a b Murray J, Schneider J, Banerjee S, Mann A. EUROCARE: a cross-national study of co-resident spouse carers for people with ...
People usually have two or three meals a day regularly. Snacks of smaller amounts may be consumed between meals. Doctors in the ... Care (of self, children, the elderly). *Child rearing. *Emergency responses. *Safety procedures ... Calorie requirements for regular person estimated at 2000 kcal *^ Micheals, Jullian. "FitWatch - Free Online Calorie Counter & ... Most societies also have restaurants, food courts, and food vendors so that people may eat when away from home, when lacking ...
Hundreds of thousands of elderly people go for an entire month without speaking to family or neighbours, according to a new ... Elderly people are in the highest risk group for suicide, being twice as likely to kill themselves as young people. ... Hundreds of thousands of elderly people go for an entire month without speaking to family or neighbours, according to a new ... We know that something as simple as getting out of the house to meet, eat and be with other people can have a lasting effect." ...
Frailty in elderly people.. Clegg A1, Young J, Iliffe S, Rikkert MO, Rockwood K. ... Such progress would greatly inform the appropriate selection of elderly people for invasive procedures or drug treatments and ... Academic Unit of Elderly Care and Rehabilitation, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. [email protected] ... would be the basis for a shift in the care of frail elderly people towards more appropriate goal-directed care. ...
Reuters Health) - Elderly people with major depressive disorder may be more likely to suffer severe and persistent symptoms ... Reuters Health) - Elderly people with major depressive disorder may be more likely to suffer severe and persistent symptoms ... Elderly people also took longer to achieve remission or to experience improvements in the severity of their depression. ... One theory for why this might be the case is that elderly people are more likely to have risk factors for depression like ...
... older people feeling lonely is set to rise by 40 per cent by 2030 ... Campaign launched by Friends of the Elderly charity warns that ... older people feeling lonely is set to rise by 40 per cent by 2030 The rise of the internet is isolating some elderly people ... Internet will isolate 700,000 elderly people by 2030, study warns. Campaign launched by Friends of the Elderly charity warns ... Friends of the Elderly said it showed that it was vital to take action now to overcome loneliness in order people. ...
Persons 60 years of age or older who are at risk of nursing facility placement. Target groups are those who are aged, ages 65 ... Persons who have medical services through a Medicaid managed care organization may contact their care coordinator about the ... For those persons receiving Medical services through a managed care organization, see contact information and links below ... If requesting a referral directly from the local CCU, please tell the intake person about your managed care, give them the name ...
Alabama Man Allegedly Beat Elderly Mom to Death With Oxygen Tank Because She Wouldnt Stop Crying ... PEOPLE.com may receive a percentage of sales for items purchased from these links. © 2017 Time Inc. All Rights Reserved. Use of ... Wood made his first appearance in court Monday for a bond hearing, PEOPLE confirms. He pleaded not guilty, Al.com reports, and ... A 47-year-old Alabama man allegedly beat his elderly mother to death with her oxygen tank because she "wouldnt stop crying," ...
Elderly people frequently experience anxiety disorders, possibly even at twice the rate of elderly depression.http://www.webmd. ... How to Diagnose Anxiety Disorders in Elderly People. ... Ask the elderly person, "What are your sleep patterns like?" ... Elderly people frequently experience anxiety disorders, possibly even at twice the rate of elderly depression.[1] Many elderly ... Understand potential causes of anxiety. Elderly people may begin to feel anxious after they have a fall or experience a ...
Older people may suffer from conditions that physiotherapists can help with. We explain how a physio can help your relative and ... Elderly Care is a free website created by Which? to provide independent information on all aspects of care for older people. ... Elderly care physiotherapists help older people have as much bodily movement and function as possible by assessing their ... Accessing physiotherapy for older people. Older people may suffer from a large number of conditions that physiotherapists can ...
Alcoholism in elderly persons: medical aspects and prognosis of 216 inpatients. Mayo Clin Proc 1988; 63: 753-760.PubMedCrossRef ... Cervical Cancer Elderly Person Fecal Occult Blood Test Nursing Home Resident Cervical Cancer Screening These keywords were ... Stead WW, To T. The significance of the tuberculin test in elderly person. Ann Intern Med 1987; 107: 837-842.PubMedGoogle ... Benefit-risk reduction in preventive treatment for tuberculosis in elderly persons. Ann Intern Med 1987; 107: 843-845.PubMed ...
... and elderly people probably need pets more than the rest of us do. Which dog breed is best? Small and medium-sized dogs are ... Its a well known fact that people who have pets are happier and healthier than people who dont, ... best for older people. Here are some common breeds. ... These are some of the best dog breeds for elderly people. Try ... Its a well known fact that people who have pets are happier and healthier than people who dont, and elderly people probably ...
Kate Tulenko explains why this is and how to help elderly loved ones stay safe. ... The COVID-19 fatality rate for people over 60 is much higher than for younger adults and children. Dr. ... The elderly are hospitalized on a daily basis at much higher rates than younger people and they are not going to get the ... If you were an elderly person who has a three-month check-up with the doctor today, should you go? You have to weigh the risk ...
People urged to check on elderly during hot weather on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest Wales news ... People urged to check on elderly during hot weather. As the hot weather continues across the UK, one elderly care service is ... Elderly care specialist, Home Instead in Wales says the hot weather can pose serious health risks for the elderly as they are ... Public Health Wales advises that elderly or sick neighbours should be checked on every day if possible during hot weather. ...
However, new research suggests that elderly people who leave their homes at least once a day are actually more likely to live ... For many older people, staying indoors - especially during the winter months - seems like the safest option when it comes to ... So, this winter, spare a moment to think about any elderly relatives, friends or neighbours who could do with some ... Additionally, these findings are also in keeping with previous research that showed people who spend more time outdoors to have ...
Many elderly people are treated with medications or are subjected to diseases which can cause hypoglycemia. We conducted the ... Altered responses to hypoglycemia of healthy elderly people.. Meneilly GS1, Cheung E, Tuokko H. ... We conclude that healthy elderly people may have impaired release of glucagon and epinephrine in response to hypoglycemia and ... Although the variance in symptoms scores was large, the elderly appeared to have reduced awareness of the autonomic but not ...
As the elderly tend to respond more slowly to antidepressants than younger people they may require psychological or social ... High rate of antidepressant treatment in elderly people who commit suicide BMJ 1996; 313 :1118 ... Data from Statistics Sweden, available only for 1994, revealed that 90% of all reported cases of suicide among elderly people ... While somatic illness is often a background factor in suicides in elderly people, clinical trials often exclude somatically ill ...
loadposition article-preamble} Hi Everyone, Many people choose to stuff their feelings and do so even into old age. This has ... EFT for elderly people who stuff their feelings Note: This is one of 3,000 articles written prior to the updated Gold Standard ... Many people choose to stuff their feelings and do so even into old age. This has consequences, of course, but Theo Legters ... He was very depressed after an obligatory move from his house to an elderly home. He had lived for 40 years in a very nice home ...
As the eyes age along with the person the lens of the eyes become stiff and more susceptible to damage. The aged eye lens will ... Ageing is referred to the accumulation of changes that brings a person closer to death. ...
... significantly impairs speech perception in elderly people and makes difficult the rehabilitation of patients with presbycusis. ... The authors define the term presbycusis and discuss the prevalence of hearing loss in elderly people, its etiology, and methods ... CAPD occurs very often in elderly or senile persons, reaching up to 80% and contributing to the age-related hearing loss [28]. ... Hearing aid fitting is the only possibility to compensate hearing loss in elderly people in the majority of cases. With the ...
Existential Issues in Elderly People With Cancer. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ... Existential Issues in Elderly People With Cancer in an Early Palliative Phase- a Phenomenological Hermeneutic Approach. ... The purpose is to describe, interpret and provide a detailed understanding of what it means to be elderly people with cancer ... Existential and spiritual issues in elderly people with cancer are scarcely investigated with respect to the content and ...
Given the increasingly elderly population, and the particular challenge posed by elderly people who are frail, the important ... A global clinical measure of fitness and frailty in elderly people. Kenneth Rockwood, Xiaowei Song, Chris MacKnight, Howard ... A global clinical measure of fitness and frailty in elderly people. Kenneth Rockwood, Xiaowei Song, Chris MacKnight, Howard ... A global clinical measure of fitness and frailty in elderly people Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from CMAJ ...
Dhaka South City Corporation Mayor Sheikh Fazle Noor Taposh today asked elderly people not to go to cattle markets this year to ... Dhaka South City Corporation Mayor Sheikh Fazle Noor Taposh today asked elderly people not to go to cattle markets this year to ... Addressing a coordination meeting at Nagar Bhaban, the mayor said World Health Organizations data shows that people above 60 ... adding that people have to use masks and hand gloves. ... Elderly people should avoid this years Eid cattle markets: ...
Vitamin D deficiency is common amongst elderly people and is thought to contribute to the risk of osteoporotic fractures - ... An annual injection of vitamin D does not reduce the rate of bone fractures suffered by elderly people. ... Vitamin D injection fails to prevent fractures in elderly people. 14.11.2007 ... is not effective at reducing fractures caused by osteoporosis among elderly people living in southern England. ...
Essay on elderly people - whats a good persuasive essay topic. We are proud of ensuring individual approach to every customer ... Essay On Elderly People. It is elderly on essay people worthwhile to remember this point. Chapter the principles of behavior ... Essay on elderly people with FREE Formatting included!. Cambridge: Polity people on essay elderly press. The blue line shows ... Essay on secularism essay on elderly people. * Crouch, c. H elderly on essay people fung, h narrating transgressions in ...
This article contains the best nutritional supplements to promote healthy weight gain in elderly people and senior citizens to ... Unintentional weight loss in elderly people poses several health risks. ... Elderly man. The Causes of Weight Loss in Elderly People. Elderly care can be a balancing act, especially when it comes to ... Its not easy to care for an elderly person, especially parents, so kudos if you are caring for an elderly loved one! ...
Mortality related to cold weather in elderly people in southeast England, 1979-94 BMJ 1997; 315 :1055 ... Mortality related to cold weather in elderly people in southeast England, 1979-94 ... Mortality related to cold weather in elderly people in southeast England, 1979-94 ... Mortality related to cold weather in elderly people in southeast England, 1979-94. BMJ 1997; 315 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/ ...
  • Second, older adults are known to show a favorable bias toward people that are visually perceived as trustworthy over those that look untrustworthy, which persists even after older adults have been cheated by trustworthy-looking people as often as by untrustworthy-looking ones ( Suzuki, 2018 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • To meet the objectives of the initiative the authority launched 'A Day in Hatta', which will take place on January 25 until the end of 2018 and target people of determination and the elderly with a series of volunteering social, sport and educational activities that encourage a healthy lifestyle. (dubaicityguide.com)
  • Such progress would greatly inform the appropriate selection of elderly people for invasive procedures or drug treatments and would be the basis for a shift in the care of frail elderly people towards more appropriate goal-directed care. (nih.gov)
  • Hatta, T. (2007) Report of the neuropsychological examination in middle and upper-middle people of Yakumo Cohort. (scirp.org)
  • James Dale, principal lecturer in Product Design at Nottingham Trent University, said: "Emma has seen first-hand how difficult it can be for people with arthritis to carry out tasks such as cooking and she has used this experience to create a product that could improve people's confidence and independence. (ntu.ac.uk)
  • The relationship between changes of elderly people's participation in social activities and their cognitive functions was examined. (scirp.org)
  • These results suggest that changes in social activities might act as an important signal that is indicative of the cognitive decline in elderly people, which would be useful to local health care managers in the elderly people's community. (scirp.org)
  • The ENRICHME ('ENabling Robot and assisted living environment for Independent Care and Health Monitoring of the Elderly') project, is attempting to solve the problem of cognitive deterioration by developing a robot to assist in elderly people's mental acuity. (theiet.org)
  • The charity said the increase would be fuelled by a steep growth in the size of the elderly population, together with a decline in marriage, which will leave more people over 60 living alone. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • "Review of the literature suggests that three problems common in the elderly, namely, undernutrition, constipation, and the decline in efficiency of the immune system leading to reduced capacity to resist infection, may all be beneficially affected by appropriate probiotic organisms," ​ he wrote. (dairyreporter.com)
  • We found that if you looked at various brain factors there was one - and only one - that seemed to be predictive of whether a person would have cognitive decline, and that was the degradation of the fornix," Fletcher said. (ucdavis.edu)
  • A robot assistant has been trialled in three care homes, with the aim of helping elderly people combat the decline in their mental abilities which often comes with age. (theiet.org)
  • For the purpose of this opinion, the elderly are considered as persons aged 75 years and above, when many people show some physical and mental decline as a result of aging. (greenfacts.org)
  • Method: It is a cross-sectional study where the elderly subjects, 50 each in both the groups, were selected by simple random sampling technique and assessed on Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in Elderly (IQCODE), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and Quality of life visual analogue scale. (cogprints.org)
  • The Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE): A review. (cogprints.org)
  • The green line represents a fit older person who, following a minor stress such as an infection, experiences a relatively small deterioration in function and then returns to homeostasis. (nih.gov)
  • This article contains the best nutritional supplements to promote healthy weight gain in elderly people and senior citizens to avoid the risks of infection, depression, and death. (hubpages.com)
  • People with compromised immune systems are also at greater risk of infection, although the impact of the virus on people living with HIV/Aids is not yet known. (news24.com)
  • While pacemaker implantation doesn't usually require open heart surgery, elderly people are often at particular risk for bleeding and infection because of underlying medical conditions. (livestrong.com)
  • Even so, older people are at higher risk for infection after a pacemaker, because they are more likely to have conditions that make them vulnerable to infections, such as diabetes and kidney disease. (livestrong.com)
  • Many elderly people do not develop a fever with an infection, which can sometimes make diagnosis tricky. (livestrong.com)
  • Given that the incidence of TB was high in Japan until the 1970s ( 3 ), the current elderly population is regarded as vulnerable to TB onset from reactivation of remotely acquired latent infection ( 4 , 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Honda's Fundamental Technology Research Center will be showcasing the device at the International Trade Fair on Barrier Free Equipments & Rehabilitation for the Elderly & the Disabled, which will be held at Intex Osaka, Friday, April 25 through Sunday, April 27, 2008. (tuvie.com)
  • The subjects comprised 50 elderly people, aged 65 or more, with knee OA who had been referred to the geriatric outpatient unit for rehabilitation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Many elderly people worry about deteriorating health and finances, yet clinical anxiety can occur outside of these domains. (wikihow.com)
  • While somatic illness is often a background factor in suicides in elderly people, clinical trials often exclude somatically ill individuals. (bmj.com)
  • Novartis appears to have paid people in Poland 3 Euros to get them to participate in clinical trials of their lethal bird flu drug last summer, which caused death and injury to hundreds of people. (globalresearch.ca)
  • The ethical principles that underpin many of our clinical decisions form the basis for appropriate prescribing principles in elderly people. (bpac.org.nz)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the effects of computerized provider order entry with clinical decision support in reducing the use of potentially contraindicated agents in elderly persons. (harvard.edu)
  • Elderly and disabled people are not typically considered to be the populations that can contribute to turning an economy around. (opednews.com)
  • Many people view the provision of services to these populations as one-way charity that simply comes out of the pockets of taxpayers into the pockets of those served with no return to society save for the satisfaction of "doing the right thing. (opednews.com)
  • In the context of aging populations, maintaining persons at home represents one of the solutions seriously considered. (inria.fr)
  • Unintentional weight loss in older people can also be caused by medication and treatment for various diseases, such as renal dialysis (for kidney diseases) and chemotherapy (for cancer). (hubpages.com)
  • As reported by people who use the medication, it seems to improve. (verywell.com)
  • Regular medication reviews for the elderly help to identify cases where the risk of taking many drugs exceeds the benefit," says Christian Berg, one of the authors of the report. (fhi.no)
  • What is a safe starting dose of melatonin for an elderly person who also takes high blood pressure medication? (healthtap.com)
  • Altered responses to hypoglycemia of healthy elderly people. (nih.gov)
  • A Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) research report published three months into the outbreak showed that the majority of cases (87%) were in people aged 30 to 79. (news24.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , geriatric depression occurs in 15 percent of the elderly population. (naturalnews.com)
  • This second paper in a series of two on prescribing in elderly people proposes an approach to categorise drug interactions, along with strategies to assist in their detection, management, and prevention. (nih.gov)
  • Thus, prevention, control, and supervision of elderly health complications oblige a multidimensional approach to integrating various healthcare service systems. (mdpi.com)
  • Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • Understanding how changes in the DNA of aging people affect cellular function will be an important clue for future prevention and treatment of age-associated noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). (intechopen.com)
  • Impact of shoe size in a sample of elderly individuals, Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira (2016). (medicalxpress.com)
  • however, the effect of fluoride exposure on cognitive functions of elderly people in fluorosis areas is rarely reported. (fluoridealert.org)
  • Hundreds of thousands of elderly people go for an entire month without speaking to family or neighbours, according to a new study. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Its analysis, based on official population figures and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, found that 5.25 million people over 60 - or one in three - report feeling lonely at least sometimes. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The study, The Future of Loneliness, conducted by the Future Foundation, found that the proportion of people over 65 who use the internet at home would rise from 51 per cent today to 85-90 per cent by 2030. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Publishing on IntechOpen allows authors to earn citations and find new collaborators, meaning more people see your work not only from your own field of study, but from other related fields too. (intechopen.com)
  • The finding is the result of a four-year long study in which scientists from the MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre at the University of Southampton compared the number of bone fractures experienced by elderly people who received a vitamin D injection with those of men and women who were given a placebo. (innovations-report.com)
  • The aim of this study was to draw a portrait of the sleep environment of elderly persons living in private households and to determine its relationship with the presence of insomnia. (hindawi.com)
  • Although it is difficult to predict the real impact of changes to the sleep environment, this study supports the proposal that simple, minor changes to the bedroom can promote sleep in the elderly. (hindawi.com)
  • It is necessary to study strains from a variety of sources to identify one with specific beneficial properties, such as boosting elderly peoples' immune systems. (dairyreporter.com)
  • The longitudinal study found that the only discernible brain differences between normal people who later developed cognitive impairment and those who did not were changes in their fornix, an organ that carries messages to and from the hippocampus, and that has long been known to play a role in memory. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Our study suggests that people with cognitive impairment in fluorosis areas have elevated serum Hcy levels, which was positively correlated with urinary fluoride concentrations. (fluoridealert.org)
  • The aim of this study was to compare the balance and functional independence of elderly people according to sex and age, and to evaluate the association between postural balance and the number of drugs taken. (scielo.br)
  • At each location where it was trialled - England, Poland and Greece - the robot helped residents and was linked to sensors around the home so it could keep an eye on the movements and activities of the people involved in the study. (theiet.org)
  • The study has for the first time analysed the consequences of this poor shoe choice on the health of elderly individuals. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The present study aimed to search scientific literature regarding effectiveness of aquatic physical therapy in the elderly and institutionalized population. (scielo.br)
  • A study of psychiatric morbidity of elderly population of a rural community in West Bengal. (cogprints.org)
  • Treatment of mild hypertension in the elderly. (springer.com)
  • Presumably, people with HIV who are on treatment and have healthy immune systems will not be at significantly increased risk of Covid-19, although it remains to be seen if this is the case. (news24.com)
  • More than 90 percent of depression cases in elderly people are not given proper treatment since differences in the way elders experience depression often lead to a misdiagnosis. (naturalnews.com)
  • They call for a more sophisticated way of assessing the benefits and harms of preventive treatment in elderly people. (bio-medicine.org)
  • They believe that a more sophisticated model is needed to assess preventive treatment in the elderly that takes a wider perspective when balancing potential harms against putative benefits. (bio-medicine.org)
  • In the United Kingdom there has been concern regarding the treatment approach to malnutrition in elderly people. (bpac.org.nz)
  • Before we start a massive treatment program for hypercholesterolemia in elderly persons, as recommended in the review article by Denke and Grundy (1) and endorsed in the editorial by Kafonek and Kwiterovich (2), several notes of caution must be injected. (annals.org)
  • In light of the lack of studies carried out on the institutionalized population, we opted for reviewing literature on the effectiveness of this modality of physical therapy treatment on the non-institutionalized elderly population in order to produce knowledge that can be critically analyzed according to its potential applicability for the institutionalized population. (scielo.br)
  • Aquatic physical therapy programs have frequently been indicated for the elderly population since they are carried out in a safe environment, with less susceptibility to falls, and with good acceptance of and compliance with treatment ( 5 ) . (scielo.br)
  • No psychologist, no nurses or doctors or whatever healthcare person accomplished what EFT has done! (emofree.com)
  • The service will be free of charge for those who qualify for the jab on the NHS, such as elderly people, pregnant women, those with underlying health conditions, and also frontline healthcare workers. (yahoo.com)
  • Older people should not use diphenhydramine if they have a history of closed-angle glaucoma, constipation, urinary retention, asthma, or severe liver disease. (verywell.com)
  • The aim of the project 'KommAS' is to develop a computer-based communication aid for older people with severe aphasia that provides means for communication already in the beginning of the therapy. (ne.jp)
  • Can an elderly person take .5 mg of ativan (only as needed) while taking 12.5 mg of seroquel (quetiapine) at night for severe anxiety attacks? (healthtap.com)
  • Frailty in elderly people. (nih.gov)
  • Ms Cosgriff said Bankwest had seen an uptick in suspected financial abuse of elderly customers, possibly due to increased awareness of the issue. (abc.net.au)
  • This is especially a concern for elderly individuals, as they can suffer serious health complications from peaks or drops in internal body temperature. (aireserv.com)