Binge-Eating Disorder: A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Bulimia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Hyperphagia: Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.Anorexia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.RussiaRisk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Drug-Induced Liver Injury, Chronic: Liver disease lasting six months or more, caused by an adverse drug effect. The adverse effect may result from a direct toxic effect of a drug or metabolite, or an idiosyncratic response to a drug or metabolite.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.United StatesPrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Methamphetamine: A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The smokable form is a drug of abuse and is referred to as crank, crystal, crystal meth, ice, and speed.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Czech Republic: Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.North DakotaHealth Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Holidays: Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Amphetamine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of amphetamines.Cocaine: An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Diet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Central Nervous System Stimulants: A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.Dysgeusia: A condition characterized by alterations of the sense of taste which may range from mild to severe, including gross distortions of taste quality.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Appetite Regulation: Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Northwestern United States: The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Hunger: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Satiety Response: Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Obsessive Behavior: Persistent, unwanted idea or impulse which is considered normal when it does not markedly interfere with mental processes or emotional adjustment.N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine: An N-substituted amphetamine analog. It is a widely abused drug classified as a hallucinogen and causes marked, long-lasting changes in brain serotonergic systems. It is commonly referred to as MDMA or ecstasy.Binge Drinking: Drinking an excessive amount of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES in a short period of time.Feedback, Psychological: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Energy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Stereotyped Behavior: Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.Cocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors: Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Self-Help Groups: Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Harm Reduction: The application of methods designed to reduce the risk of harm associated with certain behaviors without reduction in frequency of those behaviors. The risk-associated behaviors include ongoing and active addictive behaviors.Vomiting: The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.Republic of BelarusDominance-Subordination: Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.Compressive Strength: The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)Kidney Cortex Necrosis: Death of cells in the KIDNEY CORTEX, a common final result of various renal injuries including HYPOXIA; ISCHEMIA; and drug toxicity.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Dopamine: One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Anti-Obesity Agents: Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Neostriatum: The phylogenetically newer part of the CORPUS STRIATUM consisting of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and PUTAMEN. It is often called simply the striatum.Crack Cocaine: The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Inhibition (Psychology): The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Economics: The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Fatty Liver, Alcoholic: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.MichiganFood: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Gastric Dilatation: Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Nucleus Accumbens: Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Marijuana Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.Caloric Restriction: Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.District of Columbia: A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Satiation: Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Telemetry: Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Acculturation: Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Self-Injurious Behavior: Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.Psychopathology: The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.Hallucinogens: Drugs capable of inducing illusions, hallucinations, delusions, paranoid ideations, and other alterations of mood and thinking. Despite the name, the feature that distinguishes these agents from other classes of drugs is their capacity to induce states of altered perception, thought, and feeling that are not experienced otherwise.Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins: Sodium chloride-dependent neurotransmitter symporters located primarily on the PLASMA MEMBRANE of dopaminergic neurons. They remove DOPAMINE from the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE by high affinity reuptake into PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS and are the target of DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITORS.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Adrenergic Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. Adrenergic antagonists block the actions of the endogenous adrenergic transmitters EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Directive Counseling: Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.GermanyLinear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Population: The total number of individuals inhabiting a particular region or area.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Food Deprivation: The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Behavioral Symptoms: Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Microdialysis: A technique for measuring extracellular concentrations of substances in tissues, usually in vivo, by means of a small probe equipped with a semipermeable membrane. Substances may also be introduced into the extracellular space through the membrane.Heterosexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the opposite SEX.Bisexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.Gambling: An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.SwitzerlandPatient Dropouts: Discontinuance of care received by patient(s) due to reasons other than full recovery from the disease.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.AlabamaToluene: A widely used industrial solvent.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.CaliforniaBone Resorption: Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Alcohol-Induced Disorders, Nervous System: Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.Naltrexone: Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Poland
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"Lower drinking ages lead to more binge drinking , The Source , Washington University in St. Louis". The Source. 2013-02-06. ... He his colleagues have conducted research on the long-term effects of the minimum legal drinking age showing that youth who ... documenting that rates of alcoholism and binge drinking for women have become closer to those for men over the long term. In a ... "Evidence on the Effects of Youth Access Restrictions". Kitchener, Caroline (1 August 2013). "'There Is No Pressure for a Girl ...
Administration of neuropeptide Y was found to reduce binge-drinking behavior. Although, it has been shown that NPY gene ... demonstrated the effects of the activation of the NPY autoreceptor Y2, which has been shown to inhibit the release of NPY and ... "Central neuropeptide Y modulates binge-like ethanol drinking in C57BL/6J mice via Y1 and Y2 receptors". Neuropsychopharmacology ... The effects of NPYergic activity on food intake is also demonstrated by the blockade of certain NPY receptors (Y1 and Y5 ...
People were shown ads talking of the harmful effects of binge drinking. People who valued close friends as a sense of who they ... "How to stop binge drinking and speeding motorists: Effects of relational-interdependent self-construal and self-referencing on ... Research now shows ways to reduce the intentions of people to binge drink or engage in dangerous driving. A key article by ... This suggests ads showing potential harm to citizens from binge drinking or dangerous driving are less effective than ads ...
... has been shown to have no effect on binge drinking. In fact, it has actually been shown that individuals ... binge drinking)" [Functional and dysfunctional impulsivity in young binge drinkers]. Addicciones (Abstract) (in Spanish). 24 (1 ...
People were shown ads talking of the harmful effects of binge drinking. People who valued close friends as a sense of who they ... "How to stop binge drinking and speeding motorists: Effects of relational-interdependent self-construal and self-referencing on ... the primacy effect and the disproportionate effect of certain types of words. For the primacy effect, those personality traits ... Research drawing on self-construals now shows ways to reduce the intentions of people to binge drink or engage in dangerous ...
For additional effect, the drinker may be required to drink from a boot. In addition to visiting the grog bowl and paying fines ... Grog consisted of the regulation rum ration diluted with water to discourage binge drinking. In modern times, grog comes in two ... The fines can also be used to pay for the drinks consumed, while some units have used the Mess Night as a fund raiser (often to ... Dining in is a formal military ceremony for members of a company or other unit, which includes a dinner, drinking, and other ...
"Adolescent binge drinking linked to abnormal spatial working memory brain activation: Differential gender effects". Alcoholism ... Binge drinking, specifically, can also affect one's performance on working memory tasks, particularly visual working memory. ... PMC 4456395 . Crego A, Holguin SR, Parada M, Mota N, Corral M, Cadaveira F (2009). "Binge drinking affects attentional and ... The marked effects of stress on PFC structure and function may help to explain how stress can cause or exacerbate mental ...
... to be less brain damaging than binge drinking is because tolerance develops to the effects of alcohol and unlike binge drinking ... Adolescents, females and young adults are most sensitive to the neuropsychological effects of binge drinking. Adolescence, ... but there are also many alcoholics who typically drink in binges followed by periods of no drinking. Excessive glutamate ... Binge drinking may induce brain damage due to the repeated cycle of acute intoxication followed by an acute abstinence ...
Research has also accessed the effects of binge drinking on everyday prospective memory in adolescents. Binge drinkers and non- ... Heffernan, T., Clark, R., Bartholomew, J., Ling, J., Stephens, S. (2010). Does binge drinking in teenagers affect their ... The same researchers studying the effects of ecstasy use on prospective memory have found parallel effects of methamphetamine. ... illustrating a damaging effect of excessive drinking upon everyday prospective memory for adolescents. Cannabis Cannabis is a ...
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) defines the term "binge drinking" as a pattern of drinking that ... Many of the effects of activating GABAA receptors have the same effects as that of ethanol consumption. Some of these effects ... warns against kings and rulers drinking wine and strong drink, Proverbs 31:6-7 promotes giving strong drink to the perishing ... Alcohol intoxication is the negative health effects due to the recent drinking of ethanol (alcohol).[5] When severe it may ...
As Prohibition lingered on many citizens saw the negative effects: toxic bootleg liquor, corruption, bribery, and binge ... Believing all evil began with the drink, prohibitionists cracked down on "un-American" activity and in 1916 alcohol was banned ... often spending their time drinking and getting into fights. Denver's early wooden buildings were extremely flammable, and on ... drinking. Colorado voters suspended the state's Prohibition laws on July 1, 1933, and while racism and discrimination against a ...
Other storylines have involved the effects of binge drinking, which was portrayed during an online spin-off drama. Gilly has ... Green, Kris (12 June 2009). "Online 'Oaks to explore binge drinking". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi UK. Retrieved 20 ... "It will make people think twice about binge drinking and make people aware of the consequences if you do." When the character ... Everyone was drinking loads, he got caught up in it and he came out on the wrong side of it. So, I think there is a lesson ...
... "binge drinking". Young adults are particularly at risk of engaging in binge drinking. Alcoholism is characterised by an ... The medication blocks the positive reinforcement effects of ethanol and hopefully allows the person to stop drinking or drink ... binge drinkers, 3.8% past month non-binge drinkers, and 1.3% of those who did not drink alcohol in the past month met the ... and women may be at risk if they have more than 7 standard drinks per week or 3 drinks per day. It defines a standard drink as ...
... titled Is Binge Drinking Really That Bad?, in which Chris and his identical twin brother Xand tested the effects of drinking ... Todd, Sophie (20 May 2015). "Is Binge Drinking Really That Bad?". Horizon. Series 51. Episode 11. London. BBC. BBC Two. ... moderate amounts of alcohol daily (Chris) and bingeing weekly (Xand). He and his brother Xand appeared on Series 5 of Hacker ...
Binge drinking is associated with increased impulsivity, impairments in spatial working memory and impaired emotional learning ... These adverse effects are believed to be due to the neurotoxic effects of repeated withdrawal from alcohol on aberrant neuronal ... The brain regions most sensitive to harm from binge drinking are the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. People in adolescence who ... Stephens, DN.; Duka, T. (Oct 2008). "Cognitive and emotional consequences of binge drinking: role of amygdala and prefrontal ...
These factors can discourage individuals from engaging in risky health behaviors such as smoking and binge drinking.[116] ... Effects of the InternetEdit. Similar to watching the news and keeping abreast of current events, the use of the Internet can ... Effects on healthEdit. A growing body of research has found that the presence of social capital through social networks and ... Effects on educational achievementEdit. Coleman and Hoffer collected quantitative data of 28,000 students in total 1,015 public ...
Effect of eating rate on binge size in bulimia nervosa. Physiol Behav (in press), Oct. 12. Corwin, R.L. (2006). Bingeing rats: ... Effect of sham feeding on meal size and drinking rate. J Comp Physiol Psychol, 83,379-387. Mook, D. (1963). Oral and ... Mark, G.P., Rada, P., Pothos, E., & Hoebel, B.G. (1992). Effects of feeding and drinking on acetylcholine release in the ... Binge eating disorder (BED) Obese individuals with binge eating disorder have been compared with obese controls to see if there ...
2006) "Adverts 'link' to binge drinking," Yorkshire Post. 3 January 2006. "Under age drinks bar shut down". Halifax Courier. ... New Licensing Laws Come Into Effect At Midnight Tonight Archived February 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Department for ... This 2005 incident was cited as the third such raid of the Tramshed and Zoo Bar in which under-age drinking was proven. ... Another establishment in Halifax, Fagins Bar, was also closed for underage drinking, after being raided in December 2005, this ...
Doused in aftershave and mouthwash to cover the effects of his days-long drinking binge, he was flown back to Arizona. He was ... He was resistant to signing to a major label, feeling like its property, and reacted with stubbornness and more drinking. When ...
Drink Wise provides information for managing teen drinking, binge drinking, drink driving, effects of alcohol on pregnancy and ... There are many initiatives, mainly funded by the federal government, to help resolve the binge drinking crisis. Drink Wise is ... "Drink Wise". "Tackling Binge Drinking". Australian Government. "Drug Info". Australian Drug Foundation. "About Us". Brewers ... "Binge-Drinking Epidemic" among young adults in Australia. Among teenagers who drink weekly, 29% of males aged 12-17 had ...
... further investigated the effect has alcohol on time-based prospective memory and concluded that binge drinking was associated ... 2010) suggest that binge drinking in the teenage years leads to impairments in everyday prospective memory. A study by ... Heffernan, T., Clark, R., Bartholomew, J., Ling, J., Stephens, S. (2010). Does binge drinking in teenagers affect their ... Heffernan, T., O'Neill, T. (2011). Time based prospective memory deficits associated with binge drinking: evidence from the ...
... see Effects of alcohol on memory). Excessive alcohol intake (binge drinking) causes a decrease in hippocampal neurogenesis, via ... The effects can manifest much later-mid-life Alcohol Use Disorder has been found to correlate with increased risk of severe ... Ethanol has different effects on different types of actively dividing hippocampal progenitors during their initial phases of ... Alcohol related brain damage is not only due to the direct toxic effects of alcohol; alcohol withdrawal, nutritional deficiency ...
Media portrayals of an 'ideal' body shape are widely considered to be a contributing factor to bulimia.[21] In a 1991 study by Weltzin, Hsu, Pollicle, and Kaye, it was stated that 19% of bulimics undereat, 37% of bulimics eat an average or normal amount of food, and 44% of bulimics overeat.[37] A survey of 15- to 18-year-old high school girls in Nadroga, Fiji, found the self-reported incidence of purging rose from 0% in 1995 (a few weeks after the introduction of television in the province) to 11.3% in 1998.[38] In addition, the suicide rate among people with bulimia nervosa is 7.5 times higher than in the general population.[39] When attempting to decipher the origin of bulimia nervosa in a cognitive context, Christopher Fairburn et al.'s cognitive behavioral model is often considered the golden standard.[citation needed] Fairburn et al.'s model discusses the process in which an individual falls into the binge-purge cycle and thus develops bulimia. Fairburn et al. argue ...
... is a colloquialism for self-imposed starvation or binge eating/purging combined with alcohol abuse. The term is generally used to denote the utilisation of extreme weight control methods (such as the aforementioned starvation or purging) as a tool to compensate for planned binge drinking. Research on the combination of an eating disorder and binge drinking has primarily focused on the patterns of college-aged women, but the phenomenon has also been noted among young men. Studies show that college students engage in this combination of self-imposed malnutrition and binge drinking to avoid weight gain from alcohol. A study by the University of Missouri found that 30% of female college students admitted that within the last year they had restricted food in order to consume greater quantities of alcohol. The same study ...
... , or heavy episodic drinking, is a modern epithet for drinking alcoholic beverages with an intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time. Binge drinking is a style of drinking that is popular in several countries worldwide, and overlaps somewhat with social drinking since it is often done in groups. The degree of intoxication, however, varies between and within various cultures that engage in this practice. A binge on alcohol can occur over hours, last up to several days, or in the event of extended abuse, even weeks. Due to the long-term effects of alcohol misuse, binge drinking is considered to be a major public health issue. Binge drinking is associated with a profound social harm, ...
All Pro Eating is the only Independent Competitive Eating organization in the world and also officially sanctions competitive eating contests.. All Pro Eating differs from the IFOCE with its adherence to "picnic style" competitive eating rules in addition to being the most recognized competitive eating organization that allows independent competitive eaters to participate (independent competitive eaters are not under any contractual obligation). Picnic style rules pay "respect to the food and maintains the integrity and dignity and public reputation of that food item."[3] Under these rules, the league forbids the dunking of any contest foods in water, a practice used by almost every IFOCE eater at IFOCE events, and one believed to speed the chewing and swallowing process. All Pro Eating Promotions is the only competitive eating organization that provides sanctioned independent competitive eating events that specifically follow picnic style rules.. Recognized All Pro Eating Competitive Eaters ...
Media portrayals of an 'ideal' body shape are widely considered to be a contributing factor to bulimia.[21] In a 1991 study by Weltzin, Hsu, Pollicle, and Kaye, it was stated that 19% of bulimics undereat, 37% of bulimics eat an average or normal amount of food, and 44% of bulimics overeat.[37] A survey of 15- to 18-year-old high school girls in Nadroga, Fiji, found the self-reported incidence of purging rose from 0% in 1995 (a few weeks after the introduction of television in the province) to 11.3% in 1998.[38] In addition, the suicide rate among people with bulimia nervosa is 7.5 times higher than in the general population.[39] When attempting to decipher the origin of bulimia nervosa in a cognitive context, Christopher Fairburn et al.'s cognitive behavioral model is often considered the golden standard.[citation needed] Fairburn et al.'s model discusses the process in which an individual falls into the binge-purge cycle and thus develops bulimia. Fairburn et al. argue ...
... also known as family-based treatment or Maudsley approach, is a family therapy for the treatment of anorexia nervosa devised by Christopher Dare and colleagues at the Maudsley Hospital in London. A comparison of family to individual therapy was conducted with eighty anorexia patients. The study showed family therapy to be the more effective approach in patients under 18 and within 3 years of the onset of their illness. Subsequent research confirmed the efficacy of family-based treatment for teens with anorexia nervosa. Family-based treatment has been adapted for bulimia nervosa and showed promising results in a randomized controlled trial comparing it to supportive individual therapy. Maudsley Family Therapy is an evidenced-based approach to the treatment of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa whose efficacy has been supported by empirical research. There are three phases involved in the Maudsley method, the treatment usually lasts one year and involves between 15-20 ...
It is quite common that, when one person vomits, others nearby become nauseated, particularly when smelling the vomit of others, often to the point of vomiting themselves. It is believed that this is an evolved trait among primates. Many primates in the wild tend to browse for food in small groups. Should one member of the party react adversely to some ingested food, it may be advantageous (in a survival sense) for other members of the party to also vomit. This tendency in human populations has been observed at drinking parties, where excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages may cause a number of party members to vomit nearly simultaneously, this being triggered by the initial vomiting of a single member of the party. This phenomenon has been touched on in popular culture: notorious instances appear in the films Monty Python's The Meaning of Life (1983) and Stand By Me (1986).[19] Intense vomiting in ayahuasca ceremonies is a common phenomenon. However, people who experience "la purga" ...
... prevents or reduces neuronal degeneration in animal models of neurodegenerative diseases and these encouraging results in animals have led to several clinical trials in humans.[22] NGF promotes peripheral nerve regeneration in rats.[23] The expression of NGF is increased in inflammatory diseases where it suppresses inflammation.[24] NGF appears to promote myelin repair.[25] Hence NGF may be useful for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.[26] NGF could also be involved in various psychiatric disorders, such as dementia, depression, schizophrenia, autism, Rett syndrome, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa.[27]. Dysregulation of NGF signaling has also been linked to Alzheimer's disease.[28][29][30][31][32][33] Connective tissue cells genetically engineered to synthesize and secrete NGF and implanted in patients' basal forebrains reliably pumped out NGF, which enhanced the cells' size and their ability to sprout new neural fibers. The treatment also rescued vulnerable cells, ...
A diuretic is a chemical substance. This substance is either in a herb (such as dandelions), or it has been separated and made into a drug. Diuretics increase the amount of urine that is secreted from the body. Diuretics are used as a treatment for heart failure, liver cirrhosis, hypertension and certain problems with the kidneys. Diuretics are often abused by people suffering form bulimia nervosa as a way to lose weight. Well-known substances that have diuretic properties are tea,coffee and alcohol. ...
... /ˌɔːrθəˈrɛksiə nɜːrˈvoʊsə/ (also known as orthorexia) is a proposed eating disorder characterized by an excessive preoccupation with eating healthy food. The term was introduced in 1997 by American physician Steven Bratman, M.D. He suggested that some people's dietary restrictions intended to promote health may paradoxically lead to unhealthy consequences, such as social isolation, anxiety, loss of ability to eat in a natural, intuitive manner, reduced interest in the full range of other healthy human activities, and, in rare cases, severe malnutrition or even death.[citation needed] In 2009, Ursula Philpot, chair of the British Dietetic Association and senior lecturer at Leeds Metropolitan University, described people with orthorexia nervosa as being "solely concerned with the quality of the food they put in their bodies, refining and restricting their diets according to their personal understanding of which foods are truly 'pure'." This differs from other eating ...
... can have serious implications if its duration and severity are significant and if onset occurs before the completion of growth, pubertal maturation, or the attainment of peak bone mass.[medical citation needed] Complications specific to adolescents and children with anorexia nervosa can include the following: Growth retardation may occur, as height gain may slow and can stop completely with severe weight loss or chronic malnutrition. In such cases, provided that growth potential is preserved, height increase can resume and reach full potential after normal intake is resumed.[medical citation needed] Height potential is normally preserved if the duration and severity of illness are not significant or if the illness is accompanied by delayed bone age (especially prior to a bone age of approximately 15 years), as hypogonadism may partially counteract the effects of undernutrition on height by allowing for a longer duration of growth compared to controls.[medical citation needed] ...
All Pro Eating is the only Independent Competitive Eating organization in the world and also officially sanctions competitive eating contests.. All Pro Eating differs from the IFOCE with its adherence to "picnic style" competitive eating rules in addition to being the most recognized competitive eating organization that allows independent competitive eaters to participate (independent competitive eaters are not under any contractual obligation). Picnic style rules pay "respect to the food and maintains the integrity and dignity and public reputation of that food item."[3] Under these rules, the league forbids the dunking of any contest foods in water, a practice used by almost every IFOCE eater at IFOCE events, and one believed to speed the chewing and swallowing process. All Pro Eating Promotions is the only competitive eating organization that provides sanctioned independent competitive eating events that specifically follow picnic style rules.. Recognized All Pro Eating Competitive Eaters ...
Bergen AW, van den Bree MB, Yeager M et al. (2004). "Candidate genes for anorexia nervosa in the 1p33-36 linkage region: serotonin 1D and delta opioid receptor loci exhibit significant association to anorexia nervosa.". Mol. Psychiatry 8 (4): 397-406. PMID 12740597. doi:10.1038/sj.mp.4001318. CS1 održavanje: Eksplicitna upotreba et al. (link) ...
According to a small study from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine , the effects of poor sleep can result in academic... ... equal to that of students who binge drink or use marijuana.. A lack of sleep can result in various side effects, which differs ... Effects of sleep deprivation equal to binge drinking or marijuana use, study shows. Jayson Flores ... But do students who have trouble sleeping actually feel as bad or worse than students who binge drink or smoke marijuana? ...
The Effects Of Binge Drinking On Teens. 1519 Words , 7 Pages to look at binge drinking in teens. Binge drinking interested me ... The Effects Of Binge Drinking On Teens. 1519 Words , 7 Pages * Essay on Effects of Binge Drinking on College Academics. 1746 ... The Cause And Effect Of Drinking Water. 1609 Words , 7 Pages * The Effects Of Alcohol Abuse And Binge Drinking. 1523 Words , 7 ... College Binge Drinking Epidemic. 2548 Words , 11 Pages * Cause And Effect Of Drinking Water Drinking Bottles. 1047 Words , 5 ...
Binge-drinking men consume inadequate amounts of essential fatty acids, possibly contributing to the adverse health ... "For those who drink, especially binge drinkers or those who drink more than one drink per day on average, make sure that you ... The additive effect of binge drinking to already-low intake of n-3 PUFA "is of a magnitude that has dietary significance such ... Eating Fish Urged to Counter Binge-Drinking Effects on Fatty Acids. MedpageToday ...
... low-binge drinkers (5/4-7/6 drinks/ounces in under two hours), and high-binge drinkers (≥ 10 drinks/ounces in under two hours ... Binge drinking appears to be associated with a specific pattern of brain electrical activity in young adults that may reflect ... Groups consisted of male and female non-binge drinkers (,1 to 5/4 drinks/ounces in under two hours), ... The non- and low-binge drinkers exhibited less spectral power than the high-binge drinkers in the delta (0-4 Hz) and fast-beta ...
Effects of Adolescent Binge Drinking on Brain Development (R21) PA-12-028. NIAAA ... Studies on the effects of adolescent binge drinking on modulation of synapse pruning and elimination by astrocytes. ... However, despite these concerns, the long-term effects of adolescent binge drinking on gray and white matter development remain ... Proteomic analyses of the effects of adolescent binge drinking on brain synapse maturation, particularly in the frontal cortex ...
... by reversing the harmful effects of heavy drinking on the brain. ... New drug could reverses binge drinking effects on brain, help ... Tests of a new anxiety medication on mice show it can reverse the harmful effects of heavy drinking on the brain and may even ... Photo: Tests on mice of the new medication showed it could reverse the effects of heavy drinking on the brain. (Supplied: ... She said it might even help reverse the effects of alcoholism.. "It might be able to help reboot the brain and reverse the ...
Clove buds can help reverse the negative effects of binge drinking. Clove buds reduce inflammation caused by excessive drinking ... Other ways to reduce the effects of drinking. You can also minimize the side effects of drinking alcohol by following these ... Clove buds can help reverse the negative effects of binge drinking. Wednesday, March 13, 2019 by: Michelle Simmons Tags: ... These negative effects are caused by the accumulation of acetaldehyde in the body after binge drinking. Acetaldehyde is the ...
The physical consequences can be far reaching, even aside from the usual effects of alcohol, explains Dr Keith Barnard. ... Case study - Near-fatal effects of binge drinking. 15 January 2010 Be the First to Comment ... Ryan swore he would not binge drink again, but I can only hope he remembers this if his team win that league cup. ... He played for a pub team and I had the impression that they were a hard-drinking bunch. I asked him what was going on. ...
A single alcohol binge can cause bacteria to leak from the gut and increase levels of bacterial toxins in the blood, according ... Binge drinking is known to pose health and safety risks, including car crashes and injuries. Over the long term, binge drinking ... Single Episode Of Binge Drinking Linked To Gut Leakage and Immune System Effects. In the News ... Binge drinking is defined by NIAAA as a pattern of drinking alcohol that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to 0.08g/dL ...
... but these are some of the more serious long-term effects of binge-drinking. ... Needing to drink more and more alcohol to get drunk. *Drinking alcohol, or desiring to drink alcohol, when you wake up in the ... but these are some of the more serious long-term effects of binge-drinking. ... Whilst drinking alcohol doesnt directly cause weight gain, chances are if you are a regular binge drinker, youll be carrying ...
... can modulate neural progenitors and also plays a critical role in ethanol drinking ... MOR deficiency also protected against the neuroimmune response to ethanol drinking. Finally, chronic binge drinking induced a ... In the present study, we sought to determine whether MOR contributes to the effects of ethanol on the dentate gyrus (DG) ... MOR wild-type (WT), heterozygous (Het) and knockout (KO) littermates were subjected to voluntary ethanol drinking in repeated ...
Binge Drinking Could Lead to Increased Chance of Infection. One can hardly argue that binge drinking is good for the body. It ... Binge Drinking Damages Brains of Young Adults. Binge drinkers are people who consume enough alcohol in short drinking episodes ... Combining High Blood Pressure and Binge Drinking Increases Health Risks. Binge drinking is associated with negative short-term ... Just One Bout of Binge Drinking Has a Toxic Effect on Health. Posted on July 8th, 2014 ...
... public health initiative for reducing high-risk drinking among youth and young adults. ... "Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays in ... "Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays in ... "Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays in ...
"Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays in ... "Reducing Binge Drinking? The Effect of a Ban on Late-Night Off-Premise Alcohol Sales on Alcohol-Related Hospital Stays in ... "Reducing Binge Drinking? The Effect of a Ban on Late-Night Off-Premise Alcohol Sales on Alcohol-Related Hospital Stays in ... "The fatal toll of driving to drink: The effect of minimum legal drinking age evasion on traffic fatalities," Journal of Health ...
... News Apr 03, 2015 ... Adolescent binge drinking can disrupt gene regulation and brain development in ways that promote anxiety and excessive drinking ... To model adolescent binge-drinking in humans, the researchers gave 28-day-old rats alcohol for two days in a row, followed by ... investigated the effects of intermittent binge alcohol exposure during the adolescent stage of development in rats. ...
... a key ingredient of many energy drinks, and alcohol on social and fear responses in zebrafish, they found that taurine seemed ... A key ingredient of energy drinks could be exacerbating some of the negative effects of binge drinking according to a new study ... 14 August 2018 - MedicalXpress - Mixing energy drinks with alcohol could enhance the negative effects of binge drinking. ... This study is the first to show that the two together may be exacerbating some of the negative effects of binge drinking; that ...
Non-binge Drinking Males (n = 22), Binge Drinking Females (n = 51) and Binge Drinking Males (n = 59). Non-binge drinking ... Finally, intoxication produced different subjective effects in binge drinking and non-binge drinking undergraduates. Binge ... of students reporting drinking at binge levels. Binge drinking is defined as consumption of 5 drinks for men and 4 drinks for ... non-binge drinking males BAL = .086, SD = .028; non-binge drinking females BAL = .085, SD = .033; binge drinking males BAL = . ...
This study used data from the Moscow Health Survey 2004 to examine the effects of binge drinking and social capital on ... The effects of binge drinking and social capital on violent victimisation: findings from Moscow ... The effects of binge drinking and social capital on violent victimisation: findings from Moscow ... Men who binge drink were more than twice as likely to have been a victim of non-lethal violence (OR 2.19, CI 1.23 to 3.92), ...
... the respective influence of global alcohol intake and specific binge-drinking consumption pattern on this deficit. METHODS: On ... Binge drinking is a major health concern, but its cerebral correlates are still largely unexplored. We aimed at exploring (1) ... Cerebral effects of binge drinking: Respective influences of global alcohol intake and consumption pattern ... Cerebral effects of binge drinking: Respective influences of global alcohol intake and consumption pattern. ...
Health effects[edit]. See also: Long-term effects of alcohol. Acute intoxication, such as binge drinking and alcoholism, are ... Bender is a word people use to describe binge drinking. [Ca 1945] binge drinking was considered to be a period of drinking that ... "Binge Drinking". Focus. 40. Retrieved 2015-04-16.. [dead link]. *^ a b "Alcohol & Public Health: Fact Sheets - Binge Drinking" ... Binge drinking is also associated with strokes and sudden death.[35] Binge drinking increases the risk of stroke by 10 times.[1 ...
Research into the effects of regular binge drinking on blood pressure in young adults gives us another reason to moderate our ... Health effects of binge drinking. Binge drinking has a wide spectrum of well-documented health consequences. It raises the ... How binge drinking alters brain activity For the first time, researchers measure binge drinking-related changes in brain ... Evidence of the negative consequences of binge drinking keeps mounting up.. Binge drinking is already known to harbor a number ...
Learn the facts and how to get help to moderate and manage drinking behaviors. ... Binge drinking is excessive alcohol consumption that negatively impacts health. ... Why is Binge Drinking Dangerous?. The immediate side effects of binge drinking can cause harm, but repeatedly engaging in this ... In other words, binge drinking leads to getting drunk.. It is also important to correct a common myth about a drinking binge. ...
Binge drinking is characterized by having more than 3-5 drinks in one session, and can be dangerous. Teens are at particular ... How to Quit Binge Drinking. The first step towards quitting binge drinking is identifying the pattern of binging and what ... Binge Drinking Prevention. The best way to prevent binge drinking is not to drink. However, given that many teenagers will ... Whats Considered Binge Drinking?. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, binge drinking is ...
... binge drinking seems to be on the rise. This dangerous drinking behavior leads to a number of side effects, from poor decision- ... Although the majority of people who drink keep it within normal levels, ... meaning 5 or more binge drinking episodes.. Side Effects of Binge Drinking. Numerous effects result from binge drinking ... avoid drinking to the point of binge drinking.. Do You Drink Too Much?. Are you regularly drinking to the point of blacking out ...
But what they hadnt studied was the effect binge drinking had on alveolar bone loss in ligature-induced periodontal diseases. ... Does drinking ethanol, or alcohol, negatively affect your teeth and jaw? A new study, entitled Ethanol Binge Drinking Exposure ... can carefully inquire about a persons drinking habits and carefully discuss the short and long-term effects that drinking has ... It has been found that the effects such drinking has on the jaw depend on the subjects age and the length of time using ...

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