The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
Those individuals engaged in research.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Financial support of research activities.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The comparative and theoretical study of culture, often synonymous with cultural anthropology.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.
Organized services to provide health care for children.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)
Hospitals providing medical care to veterans of wars.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The status of health in rural populations.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
The status of health in urban populations.
Nurses professionally qualified in administration.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Health care provided to individuals.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
All organized methods of funding.
State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Financial resources provided for activities related to health planning and development.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.
Automated Data Sources for Ambulatory Care Effectiveness Research. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ... 1991 Computers in Healthcare Health Care Pioneer for: Contributions to the development of the healthcare information systems ... Dividing his time between research, patient care and teaching, he developed a method which reorganized the structure of the ... 1971 Gerald Lambert Award for Innovation in Health Care. Grimes, William (June 21, 2017). "Dr. Lawrence Weed, Pioneer in ...
"Utilization of Intensive Care Services, 2011". HCUP Statistical Brief #185. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and ... "Tele-ICU: Efficacy and Cost-Effectiveness of Remotely Managing Critical Care , Perspectives". Perspectives.ahima.org. 2014-06- ... "Intensive Care". NHS choices. UK: National Health Service. 2017-10-18. "Critical Care". MedlinePlus. US: National Library of ... or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive care ...
... efficiency and effectiveness of health care services; the quality of healthcare services and its relationship to health status ... 1999 Knowing Health Care / Governing Health Care : Exploring Health Services Research as Social Practice.. AcademyHealth. What ... Healthcare Improvement Scotland; Health and Care Research Wales; and Health and Social Care Research and Development Many ... Health Services Research addresses wide-ranging topics of structure, processes, and organization of health care services; their ...
In 2010, Mathematica established the Center on Health Care Effectiveness (CHCE), a resource for policymakers, the public, and ... Mathematica has five divisions: data analytics, health, human services, international research, and survey. Mathematica's ... the Center for Studying Health System Change, which provides objective analyses of how the country's changing health care ... Mathematica provides services such as program evaluation and policy research, survey design and data collection, research ...
Abbass, A; Town, J; Johansson, R; Lahti, M; Kisely, S (NaN). "Sustained Reduction in Health Care Service Usage after Adjunctive ... Further research is required to determine the effectiveness and long term benefits of psychodynamic psychotherapies for common ... Abbass, A; Town, J; Johansson, R; Lahti, M; Kisely, S (NaN). "Sustained Reduction in Health Care Service Usage after Adjunctive ... Abbass, A; Bernier, D; Kisely, S; Town, J; Johansson, R (30 August 2015). "Sustained reduction in health care costs after ...
In 1964 she co-founded the Latin American Research and Service Agency (LARASA), a Latino political advocacy and community ... Archuleta took a public speaking course and thereafter conducted free public forums to educate seniors about their health care ... To enhance her effectiveness, ... She was an advisory council member of the Latino/a Research & ... In 1999 she received a Distinguished Service Award from the University of Colorado Denver for her contributions to the Hispanic ...
The collaborative relationships among health care providers, cost effectiveness and health outcomes of different service ... University of Southern California Davis School of Gerontology Kathleen Wilber's research group: A Secure Old Age Kathleen ... Wilber also holds an appointment in Health Services Administration in the School of Planning, Policy, and Development. She has ... by improving the formal health and long term care delivery system. ...
... an implementation-effectiveness study of family health history based systematic risk assessment in primary care". BMC Health ... Services Research. 20 (1): 1015. doi:10.1186/s12913-020-05868-1. ISSN 1472-6963. PMC 7648301. PMID 33160339. Ancell, Henry ( ... and utility of family health history risk assessment in diverse care settings: evaluating implementation processes and impact ... "Evaluation and Management Services Guide" (PDF). www.cms.gov. December 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-11. ...
Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research ... "The effectiveness of mobile-health technologies to improve health care service delivery processes: a systematic review and meta ... Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Archived from the original on 2016-03-27. Retrieved 2016-07-06. ... Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Archived from the original on 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-02-16. ...
Excellent Mental Health Care Is Delivered and Research Is Accelerated. Accelerate research to promote recovery and resilience, ... Disparities in Mental Health Services Are Eliminated. Improve access to quality care that is culturally competent. Improve ... foster care). The commission also recommended deeper study of the safety and effectiveness of medication use, especially among ... Address mental health with the same urgency as physical health. Mental Health Care Is Consumer and Family Driven. Develop an ...
Preventive Services Task Force". Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 154. USPSTF. "USPSTF, Published Final ... Part of the testing experience is for the health care provider to explain how common false positive results are so that the ... Most, however, include a cost-effectiveness analysis that, all else being equal, favors less expensive tests over more ... "Trends in Cancer Screening: A Conversation With Two Cancer Researchers". Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2013-04-17 ...
To carry out and commission systematic reviews of research findings on the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of health care ... The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) is a health services research centre based at the University of York, England. ... CRD website Cooksey report on UK health research funding Best Research for Best Health Health research in the UK: the price of ... on UK health research funding and subsequently in the Government national research strategy Best Research for Best Health. CRD ...
Agency for Healthcare Research Quality. "U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: About USPSTF". Agency for Healthcare Research ... "an independent panel of experts in primary care and prevention that systematically reviews the evidence of effectiveness and ... health services research, decision sciences, and health economics, is funded, staffed, and appointed by the U.S. Department of ... Pending health care legislation would require insurance companies to cover any and all preventive services that receive an "A" ...
... covers inpatient hospital services, skilled nursing care, and home health and hospice care. The HI trust fund is mainly funded ... comparative effectiveness research; independent review panels; modifying doctor incentives to focus on better care rather than ... in the 21st century if we continue to be held down by the weight of rapidly rising health care costs and a broken health care ... Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance, or SMI) covers physician services, outpatient services, and home health and preventive ...
"Utilization of Intensive Care Services, 2011". HCUP Statistical Brief #185. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and ... "Tele-ICU: Efficacy and Cost-Effectiveness of Remotely Managing Critical Care , Perspectives". Perspectives.ahima.org. 2014-06- ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Intensive-care units.. *. "Intensive Care". NHS choices. UK: National Health Service. ... Intensive care is an expensive healthcare service. A recent study conducted in the United States found, hospital stays that ...
... of chronic disease will require government and society to make decisions on the cost-effectiveness of the available health care ... RCCM maintained the Centralised Information Service for Complementary Medicine database. Bishop FL, Lewith GT. Who Uses CAM? A ... Research capacity in terms of on-going PhD/ MPhil research activity in complementary medicine within UK universities is ... of research into clinical practice Funding from the government for research to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of CAM, ...
In 2011, the Policy Research Unit in Maternal Health and Care (PRUMC) was established at the NPEU. The NPEU was established in ... Cochrane, A L (1972), Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services (2nd ed.), London: Nuffield ... One example of technology assessment in perinatal care". International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care. 7 (4): ... Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services. From its early days, the NPEU was a leader in both ...
... economic and health services research aspects of critical illness, intensive care unit (ICU) organization and delivery. He has ... studied the development and application of cost-effectiveness analysis in critical care, the capability and impact of ... Angus is one of the world's leading researchers in the field of critical care medicine. His seminal research on the recognition ... multisystem organ failure and the organization and delivery of critical care services. Scottish-born and trained, but ...
... the results of comparative effectiveness research to withhold funding under any Federal health care for any item or service. ... Nevertheless the Health and Human Services Department has said that comparative effectiveness research "will not recommend ... linked to the health care reform program of President Obama which aims to establish a comparative effectiveness research ... They're doing it in the name of avoiding "rationing of health care" … but they're specifically addressing taxpayer-funded care ...
... acute care nursing research, symptom management, cost-effectiveness, vulnerable populations, health services, and community- ... Nursing Research is a peer-reviewed nursing journal covering a wide range of topics including health promotion, human responses ... "Nursing Research". 2017 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science/Social Sciences ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2018. ...
Health or social care services research to evaluate the effectiveness of a policy intervention or service innovation. Research ... ISBN 978-0-10-560905-6. McLaughlin, Hugh (2009). Service-User Research in Health and Social Care. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE. p. 51 ... Research Ethics Committee). The Act also applies to non-interventional research such as observational research. The law ... Research on health and other personal data collected from records. Observations, photography or videoing of humans. A broader ...
Health Services Research and The American Journal of Managed Care and is a member of the New England Comparative Effectiveness ... His academic research has been published in major academic journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine and Health ... "Austin Frakt interview on blogging health research and policy". blog.academyhealth.org. Archived from the original on 2013-10- ... After completing his PhD he spent four years working for a research and consulting firm. He founded The Incidental Economist in ...
... health services, health policy, and informatics research aimed at improving the effectiveness and efficiency of perinatal care ... QC IWK Health Centre, Halifax, NS Women's Health Program, Eastern Health, St. John's, NL Saint John Regional Hospital, Saint ... CPN will enable health care professionals, researchers, and administrators to participate actively in clinical, epidemiologic, ... is made up of Canadian researchers who collaborate on research issues relating to perinatal care. The network commenced in ...
Archie Cochrane's 1971 Rock Carling Fellowship monograph Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health Services ... Health Care)", outcomes research may refer to both health services research and healthcare outcomes assessment, which aims at ... "Patient engagement in research: a systematic review". BMC Health Services Research. 14 (1): 89. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-89. ... includes health services research that focuses on identifying variations in medical procedures and associated health outcomes. ...
... and effectiveness of health care services and access to care by conducting and supporting research, demonstration projects, and ... In 1985 it was renamed the National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment. In 1989, the ... United States Department of Health and Human Services. "Records of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research". National ... "Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality home page". United States Department of Health and Human Services. "Healthcare ...
... "improving health care services through care, teaching, research, and advocacy". He was married to Doris Bieringer, a librarian ... He helped develop the Research Training in Clinical Effectiveness Program, which trains physicians to carry out research on ... He has written for the lay press in areas of disease prevention, health services, and the health implications of the nuclear ... His present research concerns social aspects of health. He helped launch and for the past ten years has been Associate Chief of ...
... conducts research reviews for the Effective Health Care (EHC) Program. ECRI provides healthcare information, research, ... and cost-effectiveness of care across all healthcare settings worldwide. In the early 1960s, Joel J. Nobel, a surgeon and ... cancer care delivery, complex patients, and health services. COVID-19 Resource Center Infographics on Cybercrime, Hospital ... research methodology, social science, clinical engineering, physics, health law, healthcare management, patient safety and risk ...
... healthcare/doctors and nurses, emergency room care, and ambulatory and ambulance services. One potential obstacle they all face ... and its areas of potential effectiveness include medical/pharmaceutical research, ... to help provide better patient care "An Alternative to Health Care M&A". Harvard Business Review (HBR). December 22, 2014. v t ... Rural areas need it to provide service, and small healthcare providers in large areas need it to survive. In these seemingly ...
Cost-Effectiveness of Home and Community-Based Long-Term Care Services, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ... Human Services Research Institute. Larson, S. & Lakin, K.C. (1992). Direct care staff stability in a national sample of small ... health services integration), or "community reintegration" (after hospital care) worldwide. In the field of mental health Paul ... often allied health, professions. Carling's approach to community integration in mental health was congruent with intellectual ...
Personalised health care is based on the dynamics of systems biology and uses predictive tools to evaluate health risks and to ... entice and protect the financial investments required for commercial research and the development and advancement of services ... for those regulating personalized medicine is a way to demonstrate its effectiveness relative to the current standard of care. ... proactive patient driven care for all veterans. In some instances personalised health care can be tailored to the markup of the ...
Although the costs were higher, the continued care network was more helpful in providing comprehensive mental illness services. ... and the score of general health questionnaire higher (p = 0.019). We found that patients in the redesigned care network had a ... The quality of life (QOL) questionnaire and the Chinese health questionnaire (CHQ) were used. The controls had longer duration ... Sample cases were randomly selected from southern Taiwan, 257 patients in redesigned care network, including a general hospital ...
We cannot reliably conclude that establishing CPU care will represent a cost-effective use of health service resources given ... Cost effectiveness ratios (cost per QALY) were generated from our model. We found that CPU compared to routine care resulted in ... Our analysis shows that CPU care is likely to be slightly more effective and less expensive than routine care, however, these ... care could be less costly and more effective than routine care for these patients, although a more recent multi-centre study ...
... on the effectiveness of elements that have been included in a chronic care model for improving healthcare practices and health ... The review broadens the work of other similar reviews by focusing on effectiveness of healthcare practice as well as health ... Many of the interventions to address this within primary healthcare settings are based on a chronic care model first developed ... been just as important as a chronic care models elements in contributing to the improvements in healthcare practice or health ...
... the need for health service partnerships has been emphasised in mental health policy. Within existing health system structures ... Data were extracted to examine what service linkages have been used in studies of collaboration in primary mental health care. ... the evidence from peer reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care. A ... Findings from the randomised trials were tabulated to show the proportion that demonstrated clinical, service delivery and ...
The cost included all direct health-care costs supplemented with home care and nursing home-care costs in social care. Utility ... and cost effectiveness was assessed using incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). The cost-effectiveness of health ... the probability of health coaching being cost effective was 55% in the whole study group. The cost effectiveness of health ... Patients in the control group received routine social and health care. Quality of life was assessed at the beginning of the ...
BMC Health Services ResearchBMC series - open, inclusive and trusted201717:786 ... National Health Service. High quality of care for all: NHS next stage review final report. Norwich: National Health Service; ... Data were extracted on effectiveness of care (process of care and patient health outcomes) and patient experience. ... The advantages and disadvantages of process-based measures of health care quality. Int J Qual Health Care. 2001;13(6):469-74. ...
Christiana Care Health Services. Director, Christiana Center for Outcomes Research. John H Ammon Chair in Cardiology. ... An Introduction to Comparative Effectiveness Research. William S. Weintraub, MD. Professor Emeritus of Medicine and of Health ... Professor of Medicine and Professor of Health Care Policy Harvard Medical School. Professor of Health Policy and Management and ... Director, Heart Failure Research Duke Clinical Research Institute. Medical Director, Clinical Research Unit Duke Heart Center. ...
A detailed audit was conducted at 11 home health agencies to verify that the costs claimed for Medicare were in fact incurred, ... nonprofit agencies.GAO found wide variances and inadequacies in Medicares reimbursement procedures for home health care. ... there were 2,612 agencies certified by Medicare to provide home health care. ... Comparative Effectiveness Research: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute and HHS Continue Activities and Plan New ...
We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of 40 health interventions in Guinea, a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa, ... Health Care Costs / statistics & numerical data * Health Services Research / methods * Humans * Outcome Assessment, Health Care ... The cost-effectiveness of forty health interventions in Guinea Health Policy Plan. 1998 Sep;13(3):249-62. doi: 10.1093/heapol/ ... or outreach programmes to provide prenatal and delivery care ($283/LYS). A minimum package of health services would cost ...
Health Services Research Demonstration and Dissemination Projects for Prevention and Management of Healthcare-Associated ... and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. As part of this mission, applications submitted to AHRQ to support health ... The FOA describes the broad areas of HAI research for which funds are available to support Health Services Research Demonst ... The Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999, in amending the Public Health Service Act, directed AHRQ, in carrying out its ...
Outcomes in health policy and treatment effectiveness; improving end-of-life care; health behavior and health promotion; ... Health services research; health disparities; health literacy; vulnerable populations; community-based participatory research; ... assessment of health care costs. Chuan Zhou, PhD, MS, MS. Adjunct Research Associate Professor. Health services research; ... health systems research; political economy of health and impact and equity in health care. David Grembowski, PhD, MA. Professor ...
Strengthening Community Healthcare Services; Supporting Comparative Effectiveness Research; Promoting Prevention and Wellness; ... Specifically, the plans highlight the following areas: Improving and Preserving Health Care (including increases in the ... Strengthening Scientific Research and Facilities; Improving Children and Community Services; ... Register now for your free, tailored, daily legal newsfeed service. Questions? Please contact [email protected] ...
Personal Social Services Research Unit. Subjects:. R Medicine , RZ Other systems of medicine. B Philosophy. Psychology. ... Private, voluntary or public? Comparative cost-effectiveness in community mental health care ... Comparative cost-effectiveness in community mental health care. Policy and Politics, 27 (1). pp. 25-42. ISSN 0305-5736 ... Mission Statement & FAQs , Contact us , Takedown Policy , LSE Experts , LSE Research Online supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of ...
Qualitative Research Strategies for Public Health Law Evaluation 325. Jennifer Wood. 16. Cost-Effectiveness and Cost-Benefit ... PART ONE Framing Public Health Law Research. 1. A Framework for Public Health Law Research 3. Scott Burris, Alexander C. ... 2. Law in Public Health Systems and Services Research 23. Scott Burris, Glen P. Mays, F. Douglas Scutchfield, and Jennifer K. ... Picturing Public Health Law Research: The Value of Causal Diagrams 217. Jeffrey W. Swanson and Jennifer K. Ibrahim ...
Health policy (16). *. Health service research (12). *. Healthcare improvement and patient safety ... Cost-effectiveness of habit-based advice for weight control versus usual care in general practice in the Ten Top Tips (10TT) ... Cost-effectiveness analysis of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in the primary care setting: ... Cost-utility analysis of low-intensity case management to increase contact with health services among ex-prisoners in Australia ...
Health Care Costs / statistics & numerical data * Health Services Research / methods * Humans * Infant ... The costs and effectiveness of four HIV counseling and testing strategies in Uganda AIDS. 2009 Jan 28;23(3):395-401. doi: ... Strategies were compared in terms of costs and effectiveness at reaching key population groups. ...
Committee on Comparative Effectiveness Research Prioritization; Board on Health Care Services; Institute of Medicine (2009). ... care, improving quality, safety, and effectiveness of health care by providing both patients and their health care providers ... Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is the direct comparison of existing health care interventions to determine which work ... Mushlin AI, Ghomrawi H (January 2010). "Health care reform and the need for comparative-effectiveness research". The New ...
Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2011. Available at http ... Clinicians and other health-care providers, as well as inpatient and outpatient health-care facilities, state and federal ... Effectiveness of early diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of Clostridium difficile infection. Rockville, MD: US Department of ... health care have their onset outside of hospitals, more needs to be done to prevent CDIs across all health-care settings. For ...
... relatively few clinical trials have been performed to evaluate the effectiveness of specialized support surfaces. Those that ... Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Public Health Service. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services; ... Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Public Health Service. AHCPR Publication No. 920047. Rockville, MD: US Department ... Krasner D. Shifting paradigms for wound care: dressing decisions; multidisciplinary care; effectiveness. Portnow J, ed. Wound ...
... child protective services receive reports of child abuse and neglect involving six m... ... Read chapter 6 Interventions and Service Delivery Systems: Each year, ... The role of staff turnover in the implementation of evidence-based practices in mental health care. Psychiatric Services 59(7): ... Evidence for Effectiveness. Today, prevention research is guided by a set of rigorous standards addressing research design and ...
The outlook for the global healthcare IT outsourcing (ITO) market is hanging in the balance, with all eyes watching to ... Everest Group is a consulting and research firm focused on strategic IT, business services, and sourcing. We are trusted ... Our insight and guidance empower clients to improve organizational efficiency, effectiveness, agility and responsiveness. What ... patient-centric care, evolving reimbursement models and value-chain digitization," said Abhishek Singh, practice director with ...
Health Services Research. OP72 Effectiveness of primary-care based community-links practitioners in areas of high socioeconomic ... Conclusion We were unable to prove the effectiveness of referral to CLPs based in primary care in deprived areas on improving ... OP72 Effectiveness of primary-care based community-links practitioners in areas of high socioeconomic deprivation ... 1Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK. *. 2Centre for Population Health Sciences, University ...
... high priority for services research and identifies opportunities that have the potential for significant impact on the health ... The 2018 conference featured state-of-the-art research presented via keynote speakers, thematic panels, discussion groups, ... the NIMHs Services Research and Clinical Epidemiology Branch hosted the 24th NIMH Mental Health Services Research (MHSR) ... Effectiveness of Mental Health Based Strategies for Improving Physical Health Care for Adult with SMI Joshua Breslau, Ph.D., Sc ...
Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705. ... DESIGN--Markov chain analysis of cost effectiveness based on results of use of health care and efficacy from a trial of ... Research Article Cost effectiveness analysis of early zidovudine treatment of HIV infected patients.. British Medical Journal ... Health care costs and rates of disease progression between six clinical states of HIV infection. RESULTS--Patients given early ...
Healthcare quality improvement. *patient-centered care. *cost effectiveness. *health services research. *implementation science ... The study was reviewed by the Portsmouth and South East Hampshire Research Ethics Committee who granted approval as a service ... This information was used for service transformation using lean thinking. A patient pathway template was created and ... Copyright © 2018 by BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and The Health Foundation. All rights reserved. 京ICP备15042040号-3 ...
This research can help patients, doctors, and others make decisions to improve health care. ... The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act established a fund to support research comparing the effectiveness of available ... Indian Health Service: Spending Levels and Characteristics of IHS and Three Other Federal Health Care Programs. GAO-19-74R: ... This research can help patients, doctors, and others make decisions to improve health care. ...
The findings enlighten the existence of three main research streams, as well as the absence of a research evolution. The ... The paper aims to illustrate the stance of existing research on governance in healthcare organizations (hereafter HCOs), in ... understand how setting peculiarities affect the healthcare governance field and to provide some suggestions for future research ... Exploring healthcare governance literature: systematic review and paths for future research ( ...
... pharmaceutical services, dentistry, allied health services, community health services, maternal and child health and alcohol ... This chapter reports on the performance of primary and community health services which include general practice, ... Effectiveness - Quality - Continuity. Continuity of care. Proportion of GP management plans and team care assessment plans that ... pharmaceutical services, dentistry, allied health services, community health services, maternal and child health and alcohol ...
... there is a lot to be gained from bringing together transitional care programmes with approaches that address the wider health ... Can the accountable care organization model facilitate integrated care in England? Journal of Health Services Research & Policy ... The influence of context on the effectiveness of hospital quality improvement strategies: A review of systematic reviews. BMC ... integrating health care and reducing costs of care - Lessons for the UK? Journal of Integrated Care, 20, 205-222.CrossRefGoogle ...
Mechanisms to enhance the effectiveness of allied health and social care assistants in community‐based rehabilitation services ... Health Services Research. Home , ScHARR , Sections , Health services research , RRG , Members of Group , Pam Enderby ... Service Delivery and Organisation Research and Development Programme. Department of Health.[2008] Enhancing the Effectiveness ... Stroke theme lead for Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Research Health Care (CLAHRC) National Institute of Health ...
  • Many of the interventions to address this within primary healthcare settings are based on a chronic care model first developed by MacColl Institute for Healthcare Innovation at Group Health Cooperative. (springer.com)
  • In particular, these papers suggested that several factors including supporting reflective healthcare practice, sending clear messages about the importance of chronic disease care and ensuring that leaders support the implementation and sustainability of interventions may have been just as important as a chronic care model's elements in contributing to the improvements in healthcare practice or health outcomes for people living with chronic disease. (springer.com)
  • The cost effectiveness of health coaching may vary substantially across patient groups, and thus interventions should be targeted at selected subgroups of chronically ill. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Self-management support interventions are widely recognized as a promising approach to enhance health outcomes and contain costs in chronic care. (beds.ac.uk)
  • However, the economic evaluation (cost effectiveness and cost-utility analysis) of self-management interventions is still scarce, although cost-effectiveness analysis has become a standard practice in evaluating, e.g. medical treatments [ 7 - 10 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of 40 health interventions in Guinea, a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa, using local data. (nih.gov)
  • Interventions were selected from treatment protocols at health centres, first referral hospitals and national programmes in Guinea, based upon consultation with health care providers and government plans. (nih.gov)
  • Average costs show no clear pattern by level of care, but effectiveness is generally highest for curative hospital interventions. (nih.gov)
  • Several interventions have a cost-effectiveness of US$100 per year of life saved (LYS) or less, and address more than 5% of total years of life lost. (nih.gov)
  • Maternal and perinatal diseases, have slightly less cost-effective interventions: integrated family planning, prenatal and delivery care at health centres ($109/LYS) or outreach programmes to provide prenatal and delivery care ($283/LYS). (nih.gov)
  • They are developing and testing interventions and translating research into practice. (washington.edu)
  • Wagenaar and Burris bring a dose of much needed rigor to the empirical study of which public health law interventions really matter, and which don't. (wiley.com)
  • Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is the direct comparison of existing health care interventions to determine which work best for which patients and which pose the greatest benefits and harms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Institute for Clinical and Economic Review provides independent evaluation of the clinical effectiveness and comparative value of health care interventions, while also overseeing the New England Comparative Effectiveness Public Advisory Council (CEPAC), an independent body of physicians and patient representatives that aids patients, physicians and policymakers in the application and use of comparative effectiveness information to improve the quality and value of healthcare in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among this growing array of service options, an increasing number of interventions have strong evidence of efficacy with at least a portion of their target populations. (nap.edu)
  • In developing this conceptual framework, the committee intentionally considered the collective challenges facing all relevant interventions instead of segmenting the discussion into the traditional silos of treatment and prevention services. (nap.edu)
  • My research interests are in the eclectic areas of evaluation of allied health interventions, speech and language impairments and therapy, outcome measurement, benchmarking, workforce - allied health and older peoples services. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • Retrieval and storage of nursing data elements such as nursing diagnoses of patients, nursing interventions, and patient outcomes using standardized terminologies are critical to the ability of nurses to conduct nursing outcomes effectiveness research. (healio.com)
  • Although there were gaps in effectiveness evidence across both children's and adults' services, the committee agreed that research could usefully focus in particular on transition interventions in adult services and on young adults receiving a combination of different services. (nice.org.uk)
  • Early interventions in school are thought to reduce the burden of disorder and prevent chronicity of disorder, while a delay in reachable help may result in more severe symptoms upon first time presentation, often then causing upon first-time presentation immediate need of inpatient care. (springer.com)
  • Evaluation may show if CCSchool can prevent hospitalizations, enhance social participation and improve quality of life of children and adolescents with mental health problems by providing early accessible interventions in the school setting. (springer.com)
  • OBJECTIVE To synthesize the cost-effectiveness (CE) of interventions to prevent and control diabetes, its complications, and comorbidities. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a systematic review of literature on the CE of diabetes interventions recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and published between January 1985 and May 2008. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We wanted to compare the effectiveness and costs of various interventions to find those that were the most effective for the least expense. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • With the same health outcome indicator, ICERs of interventions are comparable. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The dearth of peer-reviewed studies and the limited evidence found in this systematic review highlight the need for high-quality efficacy studies examining behavioral, social, and economic outcomes of SMS applications and mobile phone interventions aimed to promote health in developing country contexts. (jmir.org)
  • Her research interests include the cost-effectiveness of assistive technologies in managing long-term health and social care needs, psychosocial interventions for people with dementia, intermediate care, residential care provision, and resource allocation within residential and nursing homes. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Cost effectiveness of salt reduction interventions in Pacific Islands. (edu.au)
  • The Executive MSc Evaluation of Health Care Interventions and Outcomes was developed in collaboration with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), known internationally for its contribution to the quality and efficiency of health care and the scientific rigour of its approach. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Skills in evaluating health care interventions and outcomes are increasingly important for active participants of strategic decision-making across the health sector. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Combining the interdisciplinary expertise and research excellence of LSE faculty with the flexibility of executive study, this programme delivers a well-rounded intellectual and practical grounding in skills evaluating health care interventions and outcomes. (lse.ac.uk)
  • You begin by exploring principles and models of evaluation and principles of study design for evaluating health care interventions. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Employing country- and region-specific data sets and case studies will allow you to gain comprehensive appreciation of effective health care interventions across a range of income settings, compare health systems' performance, and examine policy formulation across geographical, historical, cultural, and political settings. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Focuses on the principles of reviewing and synthesising the existing evidence to evaluate health care interventions. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Inclusion criteria were RCTs of interventions where patients or parents reported health information electronically to the health care system for health care purposes and were given feedback. (jmir.org)
  • February 21, 2017 - The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Multiple Program Director/Principal Investigator Policy applied to Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) Prevention and Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria (CARB) FOAs. (nih.gov)
  • The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) made about $2 billion in commitments for awards in fiscal years 2010 through 2017. (gao.gov)
  • Of the $2 billion PCORI committed as of the end of fiscal year 2017, about $1.6 billion (or 79 percent of its commitments) is for research awards, and $325 million (or 16 percent) is for building the capacity to use existing health data for research. (gao.gov)
  • Through fiscal year 2017, commitments for dissemination and implementation awards-intended to share CER findings with potential users of this research-were limited because most PCORI-funded research was still underway. (gao.gov)
  • In addition to awards, PCORI spent $310 million on program and administrative support services in fiscal years 2010 through 2017 and projects to spend an additional $206 million for these services through fiscal year 2024. (gao.gov)
  • From fiscal years 2011 through 2017, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) obligated about $448 million from the Trust Fund. (gao.gov)
  • Lawrence Leonard Weed (December 26, 1923 - June 3, 2017) was an American physician, researcher, educator, entrepreneur and author, who is best known for creating the problem-oriented medical record as well as one of the first electronic health records. (wikipedia.org)
  • The review broadens the work of other similar reviews by focusing on effectiveness of healthcare practice as well as health outcomes associated with implementing a chronic care model. (springer.com)
  • Of the 77 papers which met the inclusion criteria, all but two reported improvements to healthcare practice or health outcomes for people living with chronic disease. (springer.com)
  • A number of systematic literature reviews have already focused on which of the elements or combination of elements included within a CCM were effective in improving healthcare practice and health outcomes. (springer.com)
  • Scott Burris , JD, is a professor of law at Temple University, where he directs the Center for Health Law, Policy and Practice and the Public Health Law Research program, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (wiley.com)
  • These clinical research trials measure the benefit produced by the treatment in routine clinical practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • This growth, a bright spot in an otherwise bleak IT outsourcing marketplace, will be driven primarily by healthcare payers as they gear up for various movements in the market, such as payer-provider convergence, patient-centric care, evolving reimbursement models and value-chain digitization," said Abhishek Singh, practice director with Everest Group and leader of Everest Group's Healthcare & Life Sciences research practice. (prweb.com)
  • This chapter reports on the performance of primary and community health services which include general practice, pharmaceutical services, dentistry, allied health services, community health services, maternal and child health and alcohol and other drug treatment. (pc.gov.au)
  • I qualified as a Speech and Language Therapist in 1970 and from an early stage in my career combined research with clinical practice. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • The Improving Professional Practice and Service Delivery through Education and Leadership (IPPSDEL) research theme led by Professor Jeremy Brown , Professor John Sandars and Dr Axel Kaehne has three main streams of work. (edgehill.ac.uk)
  • The researchers are planning further publications from the project and hope that the work will continue to provide evidence of good practice in service delivery and inform the design, review and development of future schemes. (city.ac.uk)
  • If you are commissioning research we encourage you to read and abide by our guidance on good practice. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • GPs will also be trained in the use of dementia management guidelines (the Care of Patients with Dementia in General Practice Guidelines) funded by the NSW Department of Health and endorsed by the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. (anzctr.org.au)
  • Wagner's Chronic Care Model (CCM) [ 1 ] (extended in 2003) [ 2 ] has been used as a best practice model in the delivery of care to patients with chronic and complex conditions. (ijic.org)
  • Development of more valid, precise, and more easily interpretable measuring instruments which will be suitable for use in different settings such as research, clinical practice and health care management. (imim.es)
  • A research line on costs has been developed to establish a methodology to obtain costs on a clinical base, intended to be used as an outcome variable in effectiveness and clinical practice variability analysis (Groups 1 and 2). (imim.es)
  • Conclusion -Comparative evidence-based indicators, used as part of clinical governance in primary care groups, could have the potential to turn evidence into everyday practice, to improve the quality of patient care, and to have an impact on the population's health. (bmj.com)
  • However, to derive such indicators and to be able to make meaningful comparisons primary care groups need greater conformity and compatibility of computer systems, improved computer skills for practice staff, and appropriate funding. (bmj.com)
  • Priority areas include patient-centered care, organizational transformation and culture change, implementation of evidence-based practice, care coordination, public health communication, medication optimization and effectiveness, and mental health recovery. (va.gov)
  • While the pathways leave room for individualized care, they also threaten to leave some cancer drugs by the wayside in the future, according to a new study from HRA - Healthcare Research & Analytics, a leading consultative healthcare market research practice. (prweb.com)
  • HRA - Healthcare Research & Analytics is a consultative healthcare market research practice leveraging a flexible spectrum of solutions to support decision making and strategy development across healthcare channels with expertise in health systems. (prweb.com)
  • The Health Services Research Seminar Series is hosted by the Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice with funding from the Charles K. Colver Lectureship. (brown.edu)
  • The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) was established to conduct comparative effectiveness research but the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) prohibits it from using cost per QALY ICER thresholding. (wikipedia.org)
  • The PPACA states: The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. (wikipedia.org)
  • We found that the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute and Department of Health and Human Services expect to receive about $4 billion from the fund by the end of fiscal year 2019. (gao.gov)
  • PCORI provides funding through award commitments from the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund (Trust Fund) and may pay these awards over multiple years. (gao.gov)
  • This searchable peer-to-peer repository includes resources that can inform future work in patient-centered outcomes research. (pcori.org)
  • Our economic evaluation involved modelling data from the ESCAPE multi-centre trial along with data from other sources to estimate the comparative costs and effects of CPU versus routine care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ethics approval The study was reviewed by the Portsmouth and South East Hampshire Research Ethics Committee who granted approval as a service evaluation, and for which formal ethical approval was therefore not required. (bmj.com)
  • 2016). Evaluation of a care transition program with pharmacist-provided home-based medication review for elderly Singaporeans at high risk of readmissions. (springer.com)
  • ESSs are clinically effective - the evaluation demonstrated clinical effectiveness, reduction in hospital attendances and high patient satisfaction and represents a successful collaboration between commissioners, local hospital eye service (HES) units and primary healthcare providers. (city.ac.uk)
  • ESSs are potentially cost-effective - A health economics evaluation of the wider health system effects of the introduction of MECS in Lambeth and Lewisham concluded that intermediate-tier services based in the community could potentially reduce volumes of patients referred to hospitals by GPs and provide replacement services at lower unit costs. (city.ac.uk)
  • I am a senior researcher, with over 17 years' experience and skills in planning, developing and delivering research and evaluation projects. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • With my background in health, social policy, disability and welfare law and my expertise in designing, conducting and managing research in a wide-range of sectors, on diverse subjects and with people from all backgrounds and all ages, I quickly get to the heart of agencies' needs and deliver high quality evaluation and research within tight timeframes and budgets. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • I regularly train professionals in conducting their own research and evaluation and design and deliver training courses for the SRA and other agencies on conducting evaluation and research with children and young people. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • I also train and support non-researchers, including young people, to carry out research and evaluation. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • A process and outcome evaluation of Contact a Family's welfare advice service . (the-sra.org.uk)
  • The research team wants to know how often children get more than one medicine, whether they get mental health evaluation and treatment as well, and how often the children go to the hospital. (pcori.org)
  • The evaluation of chiropractic procedures through research is generally considered a key factor in determining to what extent chiropractic will be used in mainstream health care. (chiro.org)
  • Introduces basic methods for undertaking research and program evaluation within health services organizations and systems. (jhsph.edu)
  • In addition to basic methods, also provides "the state of the art" in research and evaluation through the review of major completed studies. (jhsph.edu)
  • Recommended for students who will be carrying out policy research, social science research, or program impact evaluation within health delivery systems. (jhsph.edu)
  • Our focus is on developing translational research themes that answer important health questions, from an understanding of the basic mechanisms and genetics of disease through to clinical trials and from there to incorporation into clinical guidelines and evaluation within the broader health care community. (uea.ac.uk)
  • You will discover conceptual rationales for economic evaluation and outcomes measures, and critically appraise scientific research. (lse.ac.uk)
  • You will explore evaluation methods that will enable you to work with quasi-experimental research designs and carry out randomised evaluation of health care programmes. (lse.ac.uk)
  • You will learn statistical methods of evaluation and health technology assessment. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Well-designed pragmatic trials that include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness and detailed process evaluations are necessary to establish the accuracy of different identification models, as well as their effectiveness in connecting students to appropriate support in real-world settings. (cambridge.org)
  • HRA's portfolio of offerings encompasses quantitative and qualitative, custom and syndicated market research services to support the business needs of the pharmaceutical, biotech, and medical device markets - including stakeholder identification and management as well as field force effectiveness evaluation and sales training optimization. (prweb.com)
  • The purpose of this systematic review is to determine whether clinical supervision of health professionals improves effectiveness of care and patient experience. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The effects of clinical supervision of health professionals on patient safety have been established in a recent systematic review. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Conducting a systematic review and looking specifically at the effectiveness of examples of enhanced eye care services schemes (ESS) including a Minor Eye Conditions Scheme (MECS) in South East London and a Glaucoma Referral Refinement Scheme (GRRS) in Greater Manchester, across five peer-reviewed publications, the researchers evaluated the three most common types of eye care service schemes (glaucoma, primary eye care and cataract). (city.ac.uk)
  • Quality of life instruments for economic evaluations in health and social care for older people: A systematic review. (eur.nl)
  • In this systematic review, we sought to identify and synthesise evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of school-based methods to identify students experiencing MHD, as measured by accurate identification, referral rates, and service uptake. (cambridge.org)
  • Electronic Symptom Reporting Between Patient and Provider for Improved Health Care Service Quality: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. (jmir.org)
  • In August 2018, the Services Research and Clinical Epidemiology Branch , part of the NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research (DSIR) , hosted the 24th NIMH Mental Health Services Research (MHSR) Conference. (nih.gov)
  • The 14-year study followed 7,585 children who were vaccinated in 1995, when they were 12 to 23 months old, to assess the long-term effectiveness of the vaccine and the impact on the epidemiology of varicella (chicken pox) and herpes zoster (shingles). (healthcanal.com)
  • We will incorporate this with parallel strategies to understand the epidemiology and health economic impact of the conditions studied. (uea.ac.uk)
  • What do epidemiology, comparative effectiveness, and behavioral economics have to do with breast cancer screening? (brown.edu)
  • In addition to traditional health sciences methods, modern approaches to comparative effectiveness research now include greater emphasis on social sciences frameworks such as economics, ethics, and implementation science. (springer.com)
  • The project is relevant to the mission of the National Institutes of Mental Health because it addresses mental health care delivery and related health economics at the individual, clinical and systems levels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Catherine Henderson has a BSc in Occupational Therapy from the University of Toronto and an MSc in Health Policy, Planning and Finance from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the London School of Economics. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Health economics research revolves around a central theme of decision-making in health care. (uea.ac.uk)
  • The group has begun new project on comparative health economics between the UK and Germany where outcomes in relation to costs are considered. (city.ac.uk)
  • 2013- 2016 Comparative health Economics-Germany- UK. (city.ac.uk)
  • We aimed to assess the effect of a form of social prescribing, the primary care-based community links practitioner (CLP) programme, on patients' quality of life and wellbeing. (bmj.com)
  • The chapter reviews various models from Health System Performance frameworks and improvement models and seeks to elicit the programme logic underpinning such improvements. (springer.com)
  • Ten challenges in improving quality in healthcare: Lessons from the Health Foundation's programme evaluations and relevant literature. (springer.com)
  • Objective To estimate the potential cost effectiveness of a population-wide risk factor reduction programme aimed at preventing cardiovascular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Testing the effectiveness of a new sex and relationship education programme for SEF. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • Evaluating the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP): The DIPLOMA Research Programme (Diabetes Prevention - Long Term Multimethod Assessment). (manchester.ac.uk)
  • Chapter 8: A rational multi-criteria approach to priority setting : should a lung health programme be implemented in Nepal? (uva.nl)
  • The Medical School has a vision to build a clinical and translational research programme of international standing based on the existing strengths of the Medical School, University of East Anglia (UEA), The Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital (NNUH) and the Norwich Research Park (NRP) . (uea.ac.uk)
  • National Institute of Health Research: Research for Patient Benefit programme. (city.ac.uk)
  • Addressing a need for qualified experts across the international health care market, the programme is tailored to participants coming from medical professions, pharmaceutical and medical devices industries, health care management, government and non-governmental organisations. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The core question of comparative effectiveness research is which treatment works best, for whom, and under what circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparative effectiveness research adopts many of the same approaches and methodologies as cost-effectiveness analysis, including the use of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Several groups have emerged to provide leadership in the area of Comparative Effectiveness Research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study of comparative effectiveness research (CER) is composed of measures useful in determining the value of various treatment options to help patients make more informed decisions in their own care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, some health conditions, such as for prostate cancer treatment, lack patient-centered outcomes to inform comparative effectiveness research. (wikipedia.org)
  • A new study shows that Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) can help doctors provide more effective care while cutting the skyrocketing cost of health care. (floridapirg.org)
  • The second volume in the Health Services Research series provides a series of perspectives on comparative effectiveness research. (springer.com)
  • Comparative Effectiveness Research presents a series of chapters of relevance including introductions to areas that are being incorporated when comparing treatments, country-specific applications, patient-centred approaches, and modern methods. (springer.com)
  • Country-specific examples include an overview chapter on national approaches from various countries in Europe, Australia, and Canada, as well as specific chapters on comparative effectiveness research in Brazil and in the United States. (springer.com)
  • The focus on the individual patient is described through chapters on patient-centred comparative effectiveness research, individualized treatment, the link with personalized medicine, and incorporating patient and public input for treatment. (springer.com)
  • To assess the efficacy, comparative effectiveness, and adverse effects of newer drugs to treat lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). (nih.gov)
  • We identified trials testing other drugs (mirabegron, oxybutynin, darifenacin, sildenafil, and vardenafil) but found the evidence insufficient to draw conclusions about efficacy, comparative effectiveness, or adverse effects. (nih.gov)
  • however, comparative effectiveness for silodosin, fesoterodine/AB combination, and tadalafil showed that outcomes were similar to older AB monotherapy and adverse effects were often higher with the newly used drugs or combination therapies. (nih.gov)
  • Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 178. (nih.gov)
  • Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research , 5 (3), 259-272. (upenn.edu)
  • Public Health Law Research: Theory and Methods definitively explores the mechanisms, theories and models central to public health law research - a growing field dedicated to measuring and studying law as a central means for advancing public health. (wiley.com)
  • The Institute of Medicine committee has defined CER as "the generation and synthesis of evidence that compares the benefits and harms of alternative methods to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor a clinical condition or to improve the delivery of care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Recklitiss research is focused on understanding the psychological late-effects of cancer, the development of effective screening measures for detecting distress, and the best methods for encouraging health protective behaviors in cancer survivors. (dana-farber.org)
  • Our specific objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of CPU, compared to routine care, in terms of the incremental cost per quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This outcome measure allows us to combine length of life and quality of life into a single summary measure and thus allows a multidimensional comparison of CPU care with routine care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While the main argument for excluding papers reporting case studies and case series in systematic literature reviews is that they are not of sufficient quality or generalizability, we found that they provided a more detailed account of how various chronic care models were developed and implemented. (springer.com)
  • Quality of life was assessed at the beginning of the intervention and follow-up measurements were made after 12 months health coaching. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Utility was based on a Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) measurement (15D instrument), and cost effectiveness was assessed using incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). (beds.ac.uk)
  • 14 ] is to motivate the patient to achieve a goal that enhances quality of life and improves health. (beds.ac.uk)
  • To ensure quality of care delivery clinical supervision has been implemented in health services. (beds.ac.uk)
  • While clinical supervision of health professionals has been shown to improve patient safety, its effect on other dimensions of quality of care is unknown. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The quality of each study was rated using the Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Researchers at the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy, in addition to the Congressional Budget Office, have documented a large gap in the quality and outcomes and health services being delivered. (wikipedia.org)
  • New models of shared decision making promise to bring greater emphasis to informed patient choice for "preference-sensitive" care, improving quality, safety, and effectiveness of health care by providing both patients and their health care providers with the evidence to assist in informed decision making. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is a federal agency focused on health care quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • shall not develop or employ a dollars per quality adjusted life year (or similar measure that discounts the value of a life because of an individual's disability) as a threshold to establish what type of health care is cost effective or recommended. (wikipedia.org)
  • And when services are offered, their quality and potential impacts vary greatly (Paxson and Haskins, 2009). (nap.edu)
  • The cost and efficiency mandate will be best served by sourcing the best quality services at the lowest possible costs. (prweb.com)
  • health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-5L). (bmj.com)
  • Cost effectiveness ratio was most sensitive to the cost of zidovudine and to the quality of life of patients receiving early treatment. (bmj.com)
  • In 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) authorized the establishment of PCORI to carry out CER and improve its quality and relevance. (gao.gov)
  • Lastly, the chapter ends with recommendations for policymakers, health care decision-makers and evaluators regarding the alignment of theory, model specification, implementation and attribution of quality and safety outcomes to effects. (springer.com)
  • International Journal for Quality in Health Care , 1-6. (springer.com)
  • Improving the quality of transitional care for persons with complex care needs. (springer.com)
  • Although patient care provided by nurses is a pivotal influence in quality of health care ( Institute of Medicine, 2004 ), it is mostly invisible due to limited and inaccessible records of nursing clinical practices. (healio.com)
  • The study aims at reducing hospitalization rates and increasing social participation and quality of life among children and adolescents by establishing collaborations between schools, mental health care services and youth welfare services. (springer.com)
  • It has been shown that mental health problems in children and adolescents subsequently not only contribute to lower achievements in education but bear an increased rate of health risk behaviour such as self-harm or suicidal behaviour [ 7 ] - issues that have a huge impact on later quality of life in adulthood. (springer.com)
  • A definitive conclusion regarding the value of low-dose extended duration adjuvant interferon-alpha therapy in the treatment of malignant melanoma is only possible once data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and costs have been considered. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Health-related quality of life (QoL) was to be assessed up to 60 months using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Patients in the observation (OBS) group had significantly better mean follow-up quality of on five dimensions of the EORTC QLQ-C30 functional scales: role functioning ( P =0.033), emotional functioning ( P =0.003), cognitive functioning ( P =0.001), social functioning ( P =0.003) and global health status ( P =0.001). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A definitive conclusion is not possible, however, until data on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and costs have been considered alongside the survival data. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This paper reports on the HRQoL data from AIM-High plus cost and cost-effectiveness as estimated by an incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 is a 30-item cancer-specific instrument designed to assess the health-related quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients participating in international clinical trials ( Aaronson et al , 1993 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Likewise, payers are insisting on lower reimbursements with no consideration of the impact on the quality of care. (cio.com)
  • Additionally, the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has created an Outcome Measures Framework (OMF). (cio.com)
  • The framework is to serve as a conceptual model for developing standard outcome measures for evaluating the safety, effectiveness, or quality of medical treatments. (cio.com)
  • The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Information from AHRQ's research helps people make more informed decisions and improve the quality of health care services. (healthfinder.gov)
  • The mission of UCOSF is to positively impact the quality of life for children and adults with disabilities, as well as typically developing children, and their families, by providing a wide array of quality supports, services and programs that offer choices and options to assist each person in creating their own future based on personal goals and desires. (constantcontact.com)
  • Dana B Mukame DB, Zwanziger J, Bamezai A. Hospital competition, resource allocation and quality of care. (scribd.com)
  • Further research on the quality of the referral system, taking into account at least some of the WHO referral guidelines, is required. (hindawi.com)
  • Levinsky found that the early referral of patients with type 2 diabetes can reduce health care costs and can improve the quality of care [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Recent quality performance analysis show that Kaiser Permanente and Group Health HIV patients have a very high rate of adhering to their medicine, strong viral control and good responses to therapy. (bio-medicine.org)
  • It seeks to understand the determinants of illness and well being and to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of health care. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The importance of older patients' experiences with care delivery for their quality of life after hospitalization. (eur.nl)
  • Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. (eur.nl)
  • Quality of Life Research, 24 (4), 897-903. (eur.nl)
  • Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility and quality of personal and population-based health services. (apha.org)
  • Public health improves quality of life, extends life expectancy, reduces human suffering and saves resources over the long term. (apha.org)
  • Ohio Valley Center for Brain Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation, part of The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center's Neurological Institute, conducts research, provides education and develops programs to improve the quality of life of persons who experience traumatic brain injury (TBI). (osu.edu)
  • Statements in the report should not be construed as endorsement by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, or the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (annals.org)
  • By the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, under contract 290-02-0017. (annals.org)
  • Mrs. Bonnie Campbell, Committee Management Officer, Office of Extramural Research Education and Priority Populations, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, Maryland 20857, Telephone (301) 427-1554. (federalregister.gov)
  • Addiction Research at UEA produces high quality multidisciplinary research evidence to impact upon people who are affected by addiction, including service users, carers, health professionals and policy makers. (uea.ac.uk)
  • A pilot randomised controlled trial to measure the effectiveness of peer support in increasing hope and quality of life in psychiatric patients discharged from hospital. (city.ac.uk)
  • In response, OAA started the HSR&D Fellowship Program to develop a cadre of physicians with health services expertise for the VA healthcare system and to foster the development of high quality health services research and development at local and national levels. (va.gov)
  • Fellowship faculty has a broad array of interests that center on studies to assess and improve the quality and access to VA healthcare. (va.gov)
  • The Canada home healthcare market services are constantly driven by factors such as high cost-effectiveness, easier access to rural locations, and high quality care of patients. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • A recent Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) report authored by the National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP) summarizes lessons from several states' experiences in documenting racial and ethnic disparities in health and healthcare, and also subsequently using the documents to inform and spur improvement efforts. (ahrq.gov)
  • States can use this work to improve quality of care for affected populations while containing costs. (ahrq.gov)
  • Therefore, we conducted a comprehensive review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on electronic communication between patient and provider to improve health care service quality, presented in two parts. (jmir.org)
  • Given the rising costs of healthcare insurance and services, consumers are being tasked to make more decisions about the coverage and care they want, need, and can ultimately afford-with the hope that it's also of high quality. (hsri.org)
  • By presenting cost and quality information side by side, you can guide consumers away from the common misconception that high prices indicate high-quality care. (hsri.org)
  • Quality data should be based on methodologically sound measures that consumers care about, such as patient-centeredness, effectiveness, and safety of medical procedures. (hsri.org)
  • Today, as never before, healthcare has the ability to enhance the quality and duration of life. (sagepub.com)
  • With more than 400 entries, these two volumes investigate the relationship between the factors of cost, quality, and access to healthcare and their impact upon medical outcomes such as death, disability, disease, discomfort, and dissatisfaction with care. (sagepub.com)
  • Journal for Healthcare Quality , 39 (2), 67-77. (upenn.edu)
  • Factors associated with changes in perceived quality of life among elderly recipients of long term services and supports. (upenn.edu)
  • The interplay between healthy behaviors and health outcomes among older adults in Russia. (eur.nl)
  • This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) solicits Health Services Research Demonstration and Dissemination Projects (R18) grant applications focused on prevention, reduction, and effective management of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). (nih.gov)
  • This FOA issued by AHRQ solicits grant applications for funding to conduct Health Services Research Demonstration and Dissemination Projects (R 18 ) that propose to address strategies and approaches for prevention, reduction, and effective management of HAIs. (nih.gov)
  • In this investigation, three data sources were used to identify health-care exposures for CDIs, determine the proportion of CDIs occurring outside hospital settings, and assess whether prevention programs can effectively reduce CDIs. (cdc.gov)
  • Which clinical trials have been performed to evaluate the effectiveness of specialized support surfaces for prevention of pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)? (medscape.com)
  • Early prevention of pressure ulcers among elderly patients admitted through emergency departments: a cost-effectiveness analysis. (medscape.com)
  • Many communities also have access to primary and secondary prevention services designed to reduce the risk for child abuse or neglect for families experiencing difficulties. (nap.edu)
  • 8 More recently, the Trust for America's Health calculated a six for one return on investment for population-wide approaches to prevention in the United States. (bmj.com)
  • The effectiveness and cost effectiveness of population based dietary approaches to prevention of cardiovascular disease in the UK are less clear. (bmj.com)
  • The new genome-wide association study -- led by Witte and co-senior author Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, PhD, a research scientist at Kaiser Permanente Division of Research and professor of urology at UCSF -- suggests that the PSA test could regain its place in cancer prevention by factoring in genetic variations that affect the amount of PSA different men naturally produce. (eurekalert.org)
  • Thus, early diagnosis and adequate treatment in childhood mental health disorders are crucial for prevention of future persistence of disease. (springer.com)
  • Because physicians are busy juggling guidelines for preventive care and need to address concerns brought up by parents during the child's visit -- concerns which can supplant routine care -- CHICA helps them also address important screening and prevention. (eurekalert.org)
  • From the Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The ubiquity of mobile phones, which allow for short message service (SMS), provides new and innovative opportunities for disease prevention efforts. (jmir.org)
  • Works to create a better future through brain injury prevention, research, education and advocacy. (osu.edu)
  • The Coordinating Center for Environmental Health and Injury Prevention (CCEHIP) presented an update on the goals management process. (cdc.gov)
  • The role of diet in the prevention of a wide spectrum of disease will be a particular focus of our research. (uea.ac.uk)
  • This systematic literature review aimed to identify and synthesise international evidence on the effectiveness of elements that have been included in a chronic care model for improving healthcare practices and health outcomes within primary healthcare settings. (springer.com)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the evidence from peer reviewed literature regarding the effectiveness of service linkages in primary mental health care. (springer.com)
  • Data were extracted to examine what service linkages have been used in studies of collaboration in primary mental health care. (springer.com)
  • Hence, even though policies continue to emphasise the importance of effective mental health linkages between primary care (PC), specialist and community health services, the form these linkages should take remains unclear. (springer.com)
  • The first objective was to examine evidence from the international literature about the effectiveness of linkages and combinations of linkages in primary mental health care. (springer.com)
  • Social prescribing aims to link patients to non-medical sources of support within a community, expanding options and resources beyond those traditionally provided in primary healthcare. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusion We were unable to prove the effectiveness of referral to CLPs based in primary care in deprived areas on improving patient outcomes. (bmj.com)
  • Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705. (bmj.com)
  • Government recurrent expenditure on primary and community health was around $36.9 billion in 2016-17. (pc.gov.au)
  • Governments aim for primary and community health services to meet these objectives in an equitable and efficient manner. (pc.gov.au)
  • An overview of the Primary and community health performance indicator results are presented. (pc.gov.au)
  • Information to assist the interpretation of these data can be found in the indicator interpretation boxes in the Primary and community health chapter and attachment tables. (pc.gov.au)
  • Education for Primary Care. (edgehill.ac.uk)
  • A successful multifaceted trial to improve hypertension control in primary care: why did it work? (healthpartners.com)
  • Led by Professors John Lawrenson and Dave Edgar at City, University of London together with Dr Robert Harper from the Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, the research has been influential in providing an evidence base for the development of enhanced primary care services provided by community optometrists. (city.ac.uk)
  • Our research into ESSs has shown that they can be effective in delivering safe, clinically and cost-effective care to patients with a variety of eye conditions, including cataracts, glaucoma and also primary care. (city.ac.uk)
  • What are the most effective ways for primary care services to be involved in planning and implementing transition, and following‑up young people after transfer (whether or not they meet criteria for adult services)? (nice.org.uk)
  • We did not identify any studies researching the role of primary care during transition for any of these groups. (nice.org.uk)
  • Primary research into families' health and social care needs in Waltham Forest. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • Primary research around Children Missing from Education . (the-sra.org.uk)
  • Kauppinen H, Ahonen R, Mäntyselkä P, Timonen J: Medication safety and the usability of electronic prescribing as perceived by physicians − A semistructured interview among primary health care physicians in Finland. (uef.fi)
  • Scottsdale Healthcare is a primary clinical research site for TGen. (tgen.org)
  • Primary aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of CCSchool, in reducing the need of hospitalization in children with mental health problems. (springer.com)
  • This study will test strategies for integrating evidence-based depression treatments with primary care services at a large public sector hospital and conduct robust cost and cost-benefit analyses of each treatment to produce a 'menu' of cost-benefit options for integrated depression care with corresponding effectiveness and implementation values. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • With high prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in Kenyan primary care populations (26.3%, 3-5 times higher than in the U.S.), treatment for depression is a top concern for Kenyan mental health leaders. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Kenyan leaders recently launched a government-funded initiative to scale-up treatment for mental disorders in primary healthcare, prioritizing depression. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Given that evidence-based psychotherapy and second-generation antidepressants are the two leading first-line treatments for depression and are feasible to deliver in Kenya, the investigators' goal is to test an implementation strategy for improving equitable access to these treatments by integrating them with primary care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The study's approach differs from most prior work in the field because it uses an effectiveness-implementation design, compares outcomes for IPT versus second generation antidepressant, integrates depression treatment into primary care, and analyses depression care costs and cost-benefit ratios for each treatment arm. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The results of the proposed research will be significant in two ways: (1) they will produce a scalable strategy for delivering depression treatments in sub-Saharan Africa using non-specialists integrated within existing primary care structures and (2) they will produce a policy maker 'menu' of short and long-term cost-benefit options for integrated depression care with corresponding effectiveness and implementation values. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This study is intended to examine whether directed care of a nurse working jointly with the patient's primary care physician, including a comprehensive assessment, creation of a tailored care plan, proactive follow-up, self management support and caregiver support and care coordination, can reduce hospital admissions for patients with multiple chronic conditions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Comprehensive treatment program developed by the nurse and in consultation with the primary care physician. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients will receive usual primary care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The current study is based on a treatment model entailing a nurse-primary care physician team to provide care for patients with multiple morbidities. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Although many primary care physicians may be quite comfortable with their ability to manage psychiatric illness, the amount of monitoring that is required to provide adequate follow-up should be taken into account before initiating treatment. (wikibooks.org)
  • Primary NIH research agency on TBI. (osu.edu)
  • Studying implementation of integrated models of community-based primary health care requires a "whole systems" multidisciplinary approach to capture micro, meso and macro factors. (ijic.org)
  • This work represents a first step towards development of a fully formed conceptual framework that includes key domains, concepts, and mechanisms of implementing integrated community-based primary health care. (ijic.org)
  • While outcomes related to CCM [ 4 ] and implementation of CCM [ 3 ] have been explored, there is limited understanding of factors facilitating the adoption of the CCM in integrated community-based primary health care (ICBPHC) settings to appropriately care for patients with complex care needs. (ijic.org)
  • Objectives -To test the feasibility of deriving comparative indicators in all the practices within a primary care group. (bmj.com)
  • Setting -A primary care group in southern England. (bmj.com)
  • Subjects -All 18 general practices in a primary care group. (bmj.com)
  • In England 481 primary care groups have been charged with promoting the health and improving the health care of their local population. (bmj.com)
  • 1 Each group, involving all primary care professionals, provides and commissions health care for a population of approximately 100 000 in their locality (box 1). (bmj.com)
  • Publications include primary research and opinion from Canadian public policy institutes, research institutes, think tanks, advocacy groups, government agencies and university research centers. (sfu.ca)
  • Click a session title to watch the video or visit the NIMH Mental Health Services Research Conference 2018 Playlist on YouTube. (nih.gov)
  • A Service Level Agreement (SLA) Health Education England (HEE) North (50k) running from April 2018 to March 2019 and various external funding funds projects within these 3 work streams. (edgehill.ac.uk)
  • Anderson, ES, Sandars, John and Kinnair, DJ (2018) The nature and benefits of team-based reflection on a patient death by healthcare professionals: A scoping review Journal of Interprofessional Care. (edgehill.ac.uk)
  • Vivekananda-Schmidt, Pirashanthie and Sandars, John (2018) Belongingness and its implications for undergraduate health professions education: a scoping review. (edgehill.ac.uk)
  • All 14 hospitals in the pre-intervention phase provided routine care (year 1 - T1). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate a cost-effectiveness analysis of a tele-based health-coaching intervention among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), coronary artery disease (CAD) and congestive heart failure (CHF). (beds.ac.uk)
  • The intervention group received monthly individual health coaching by telephone from a specially trained nurse for 12-months in addition to routine social and healthcare. (beds.ac.uk)
  • They have also been successful in reducing hospitalization and healthcare costs, especially when the intervention has been focused on a single disease. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The results show that the per capita costs and effectiveness of any intervention vary considerably. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this chapter is to describe those program models and intervention strategies with the strongest evidence of success, identify approaches that have been found lacking, and highlight the importance of building an integrated system of care to enhance the capacity to successfully prevent child abuse and neglect and treat victims. (nap.edu)
  • Conclusions Any intervention that achieved even a modest population-wide reduction in any major cardiovascular risk factor would produce a net cost saving to the NHS, as well as improving health. (bmj.com)
  • Patients in the intervention group who agreed and signed the consent form to participate in the study will receive treatment by the physician - nurse team in accordance with the components of the Clalit's Comprehensive Care for Mutlimorbid Adults Project model. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Once an autism diagnosis is made, it is easier for a family to obtain needed services, including early intervention to gain developmental skills. (eurekalert.org)
  • Such analyses consist of compiling incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs), which are calculated as a ratio of the difference in costs to the difference in effectiveness between the intervention being evaluated and the comparison intervention. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Osser, 2008) These studies include (1) the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE),(Keefe, Bilder et al. (wikibooks.org)
  • However, the results are grounded on a short follow-up period, and more evidence is needed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of health-coaching programs. (beds.ac.uk)
  • To date, relatively few clinical trials have been performed to evaluate the effectiveness of specialized support surfaces. (medscape.com)
  • and evaluate the public health impact of mental health research. (nih.gov)
  • This is a prospective, multi-center, open-label trial to evaluate the use of the CardioMEMS HF System in patients with Class III Heart Failure to confirm safety and effectiveness in a commercial setting. (torrancememorial.org)
  • This is a prospective, randomized, single-blind, multi-center study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Absorb™ Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS)in the treatment of subjects with de novo native coronary artery lesions. (torrancememorial.org)
  • This guide will help you to use our library to find and evaluate research material for your projects. (sfu.ca)
  • Even if CPU care does not reduce hospital admissions it may still be cost-effective, compared to routine care, if it improves patient outcomes or reduces health service costs in other ways, such as by reducing length of hospital stay. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Engaging various stakeholders in this process, while difficult, makes research more applicable through providing information that improves patient decision making. (wikipedia.org)
  • An automated system developed by researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University to help pediatricians focus on the specific health needs of each patient in the short time allotted for preventive care improves autism screening rates by identifying at-risk children at the 24-month visit. (eurekalert.org)
  • With the move to community care and increased involvement of generalist health care providers in mental health, the need for health service partnerships has been emphasised in mental health policy. (springer.com)
  • The first Australian National Mental Health Policy [ 1 ] in 1992 set out to move care from institutions to mainstream health and welfare services. (springer.com)
  • This narrative review was conducted in response to key national government policy priorities relating to the need for improved service linkages in the Australian health care system. (springer.com)
  • Program faculty are involved locally, nationally, and internationally in health services research and policy. (washington.edu)
  • They play an important role in improving health and shaping health care systems and policy world-wide. (washington.edu)
  • Alexander C. Wagenaar , PhD, is a professor of health outcomes and policy at the University of Florida College of Medicine, and associate director of the Public Health Law Research program, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (wiley.com)
  • The purpose of CER is to assist consumers, clinicians, purchasers, and policy makers to make informed decisions that will improve health care at both the individual and population levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The child welfare system, as described in Chapter 5 , provides a necessary public policy and service response but is insufficient to address the immediate and long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect or give families the support they need to prevent these outcomes. (nap.edu)
  • Background A common policy response to health inequalities is the introduction of social prescribing programmes. (bmj.com)
  • I have assisted the Department of Health on several working groups related to guideline, policy and strategy development. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • Explains the intent of the Canadian Policy Research Network's website EvidenceNetwork.ca . (cwhn.ca)
  • The goal of this non-partisan network and it's accompanying website is to link journalists with experts on high profile health policy issues. (cwhn.ca)
  • An electronic review journal that takes the best available evidence on sexual and reproductive health from Cochrane systematic reviews and presents it as practical actions for clinicians (and policy-makers) to improve health outcomes, especially in developing countries. (cwhn.ca)
  • Discusses the POWER Study in Ontario, which is producing an evidence-based tool to help policy-makers, health-care providers, and consumers improve health and reduce health inequities among women and men of Ontario. (cwhn.ca)
  • Results of this study can help state policy makers develop and choose policies about how to treat behavioral problems in children in foster care and about how and when antipsychotics are appropriate as a treatment. (pcori.org)
  • AHRQ was formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Policy and Politics in Nursing and Health Care. (upenn.edu)
  • This paper uses concept mapping techniques to compare and contrast the theoretical frameworks and approaches used in the iCOACH project including: Ham's Ten Characteristics of the High-Performing Chronic Care System (capturing patient/carer and provider perspectives), the Organizational Context and Capabilities for Integrating Care framework (capturing the organizational perspective), and the Health Policy Monitor framework (capturing the policy system perspective). (ijic.org)
  • Building relationships in teams that exist within and across different organizations is essential for providers to achieve care coordination, where managers and policy makers see care coordination as being more about creating linkages and addressing systems gaps. (ijic.org)
  • This research focuses on the effects on population health of genes, the environment, behaviour, nutrition, infection and policy. (uea.ac.uk)
  • Our team members are key players in the economic stream of the NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence (CRE) on Policy Research on Obesity and Food Systems. (edu.au)
  • NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence (CRE) on Policy Research on Obesity and Food Systems (NHMRC Centres of Research Excellence 10401020). (edu.au)
  • Modeling the Cost Effectiveness of Child Care Policy Changes in the U.S. Am J Prev Med, 49(1), 135-147. (edu.au)
  • Cost Effectiveness of an Elementary School Active Physical Education Policy. (edu.au)
  • performance of health care providers and their response to policy incentives using econometric analysis. (city.ac.uk)
  • Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 17 (SUPPL. (city.ac.uk)
  • Your dissertation could be on any topic in the field of health services research and health policy, with the aim to integrate approaches and knowledge learned across your courses. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Business and economic aspects of public policy issues, including health policy. (sfu.ca)
  • Includes articles and abstracts related to gerontology, global health, health policy and more. (sfu.ca)
  • Covers human and physical geography, including health policy. (sfu.ca)
  • Special Report: Nurses at the Table: Nursing, Ethics, and Health Policy. (upenn.edu)
  • 2015). Policy agenda for nurse-led care coordination. (upenn.edu)
  • The heterogeneity of studies, the absence of randomised studies and poor outcome reporting make for a weak evidence-base that only generate tentative conclusions about the effectiveness of school-based identification programmes. (cambridge.org)
  • Priebe, Stefan and Bremner, Stephen A. and Lauber, Christoph and Henderson, Catherine and Burns, Tom (2016) Financial incentives to improve adherence to antipsychotic maintenance medication in non-adherent patients: a cluster randomised controlled trial Health Technology Assessment , 20 (70). (lse.ac.uk)
  • Visit the MHSR Addendum page for additional information about the recorded sessions or visit the NIMH Conference on Mental Health Services Research: playlist on YouTube. (nih.gov)
  • The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (nih.gov)
  • Summerfelt and Meltzer, 1998) Recent National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) sponsored effectiveness studies have the added benefit of funding from a neutral (non-pharmaceutical industry) source, thereby avoiding possible study design shortcomings or evaluator biases that may influence study results. (wikibooks.org)
  • Consider switching to decaffeinated coffee and other decaffeinated beverages during your pregnancy," said Tracy Flanagan, MD, Director of Women's Health, Kaiser Permanente Northern California. (health.am)
  • Across these interrelated domains, Dr. Constantino adopts complementary research designs, including quantitative process research, experimental outcome trials, qualitative analyses, meta-analyses, and lab-based clinical analogue studies. (umass.edu)
  • Findings from the randomised trials were tabulated to show the proportion that demonstrated clinical, service delivery and economic benefits. (springer.com)
  • There were fewer randomised trials related to collaborative care of people with psychosis and there were almost none related to collaboration with the wider human service sectors. (springer.com)
  • Clinical trials of the drug TH-302 are being conducted at TGen Clinical Research Services at Scottsdale Healthcare, a partnership of the Phoenix-based Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Scottsdale-based Scottsdale Healthcare Corp., and at Mayo Clinic in Arizona. (tgen.org)
  • If successful, Phase 2 and 3 clinical trials will confirm the drug's effectiveness on solid tumors. (tgen.org)
  • The role of interferon-alpha in malignant melanoma has long been the debated and researched, with over 6000 patients entered into trials ( Molife and Hancock, 2002 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Research focuses on cerebrovascular disease, cardiovascular disease and chest medicine with an emphasis on clinical trials. (uea.ac.uk)
  • The protocol is approved by the Western Institutional Review Board and listed on the searchable National Institutes of Health clinical trials Web site. (urotoday.com)
  • Clinical trials are organized studies that are designed to determine the safety and effectiveness of a new treatment. (methodisthealth.org)
  • They also discuss the challenge of effectively translating the results of scientific evaluations into public health laws and highlight the impact of this growing field. (wiley.com)
  • This benefit is not captured in conventional cost-effectiveness evaluations of treatment and is particularly relevant in patient groups with a high risk of transmission, such as those people who inject drugs (PWID), where the treatment rates have been historically low. (springer.com)
  • We undertake economic evaluations of mental health and psychosocial care. (edu.au)
  • Research in our program includes advising services and organisations that are doing economic evaluations or interested in assessing the economic impacts of their mental health and psychosocial care services. (edu.au)
  • In this chapter the authors draw attention to the fact that there is a lot to be gained from bringing together transitional care programmes with approaches that address the wider health system environment in order to address the increasing complexity in the management of care transitions. (springer.com)
  • The research adopts insights from performance and ecological psychology to both understand and develop theory-driven approaches to improving performance. (edgehill.ac.uk)
  • Her work focuses on improving outcomes for patients with diabetes and chronic diseases through approaches that include: (1) use of information technology and electronically captured health data to facilitate better decision making between providers and patients, 2) strategies to support patient adherence to recommended treatments, and (3) better ways to engage and educate providers and patients. (healthpartners.com)
  • What approaches to providing transition support for those who move from child to adult services are effective and/or cost‑effective? (nice.org.uk)
  • Theoretical frameworks and approaches from diverse academic traditions specify different aspects of the health system in more depth. (ijic.org)
  • State Offices of Minority Health and health and public health departments employ a variety of approaches to document racial and ethnic health disparities to help advance health equity. (ahrq.gov)
  • A single centre study of selected patients suggested that chest pain unit (CPU) care could be less costly and more effective than routine care for these patients, although a more recent multi-centre study cast doubt on the generalisability of these findings. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Statistical findings show that "patients in the highest-spending regions of the country receive 60 percent more health services than those in the lowest-spending regions, yet this additional care is not associated with improved outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The money has primarily funded research and helped facilitate getting findings to the patients, doctors, and others who can use them. (gao.gov)
  • The findings enlighten the existence of three main research streams, as well as the absence of a research evolution. (francoangeli.it)
  • Although these findings were strongly refuted by Dr. Melvin Ramsay, the proposed psychological etiology created great controversy and convinced health professionals that this was a plausible explanation for the condition (Speight, 2013). (nap.edu)
  • These updates capture highlights of findings from systematic reviews and our funded research studies. (pcori.org)
  • The article reports our findings on the effectiveness of REST training on respite providers, and the outcomes for family caregivers receiving respite services. (constantcontact.com)
  • Our experienced team of physicians, researchers and research nurses work closely to incorporate research findings into the comprehensive care of our heart and vascular patients. (torrancememorial.org)
  • The main message for pregnant women from these findings is that they probably should consider stopping caffeine consumption during pregnancy because this research provides clearer and stronger evidence that high doses of caffeine intake during pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage," said Li. (health.am)
  • The researchers said the study findings underscore the importance of national efforts to address healthy literacy, simplify health communications regarding treatment options, improve public understanding of the importance of depression treatment, and monitor antidepressant adherence. (healthcanal.com)
  • 4 Among the findings in the recent CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report is that, if non-Hispanic Blacks had had the same adjusted rate of preventable hospitalizations as non-Hispanic Whites from 2004 to 2007, it would have resulted in about 430,000 fewer hospitalizations for non-Hispanic Blacks and $3.4 billion in savings. (ahrq.gov)
  • As a way of combating this growing health crisis, researchers have attempted to develop comprehensive strategies to manage chronic disease and to deliver improved chronic disease care. (springer.com)
  • Within existing health system structures the active strategies that facilitate effective partnership linkages are not clear. (springer.com)
  • Studies that used multiple linkage strategies from the suite of "direct collaborative activities" plus "agreed guidelines" plus "communication systems" showed positive clinical (81%), service (78%) and economic (75%) outcomes. (springer.com)
  • Strategies were compared in terms of costs and effectiveness at reaching key population groups. (nih.gov)
  • The expanded chronic care model: An integration of concepts and strategies from population health promotion and the chronic care model. (springer.com)
  • Research on strategies to help young people overcome sexual exploitation , for the DfE. (the-sra.org.uk)
  • The Boston Consulting Group in its white paper "Competing on Outcomes Winning Strategies for Value-Based Health Care" articulates the point that "transparency of patient results can align incentives so that payers, providers, suppliers, and patients all work towards the same goal. (cio.com)
  • Comparative studies were included if they assessed the effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of strategies to identify students in formal education aged 3-18 years with MHD, presenting symptoms of mental ill health, or exposed to psychosocial risks that increase the likelihood of developing a MHD. (cambridge.org)
  • The International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) is a non-profit organization founded by the Boston Consulting Group, Michael Porter's Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness at Harvard Business School, and the Karolinska Institutet with the purpose of transforming the health care systems worldwide by measuring and reporting patient outcomes in a standardized way. (cio.com)
  • The Chest Pain Unit (CPU) has been developed to improve care and reduce costs for patients with acute chest pain. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The main analysis from the ESCAPE multicentre trial [ 3 ] showed that the introduction of CPU care across a range of hospitals: 1) Did not alter the proportion of patients admitted, 2) Was associated with increased reattendances and subsequent admissions and 3) May have been associated with increased numbers of patients attending with chest pain. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We developed a decision-analytic model to estimate the costs and QALYs accrued by patients with chest pain who received CPU or routine care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients in the control group received routine social and health care. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Based on the results of this study, health coaching improved the QoL of T2D and CAD patients with moderate costs. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Three of six studies investigating 1756 patients found that clinical supervision improved patient health outcomes, namely neurological recovery post cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( n = 1) and psychological symptom severity ( n = 2). (beds.ac.uk)
  • While few studies found a direct effect on patient health outcomes, when provided to mental health professionals clinical supervision may be associated with a reduction in psychological symptoms of patients diagnosed with a mental illness. (beds.ac.uk)
  • the incidence, deaths, and excess health-care costs resulting from CDIs in hospitalized patients are all at historic highs. (cdc.gov)
  • Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) often occurs in patients in health-care settings, where antibiotics are prescribed and symptomatic patients, an important source for transmission, are concentrated. (cdc.gov)
  • Cost effectiveness analysis of early zidovudine treatment of HIV infected patients. (bmj.com)
  • OBJECTIVE--To compare cost effectiveness of early and later treatment with zidovudine for patients infected with HIV. (bmj.com)
  • This research can help patients, doctors, and others make decisions to improve health care. (gao.gov)
  • Jose M Valderas is an academic GP committed to developing the evidence base for health services that deliver what patients need. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • The estimated cost-effectiveness of HCV treatment was shown to improve as more patients are treated, suggesting that the value of DAA regimens to the NHS could be enhanced by improved treatment uptake rates among PWID. (springer.com)
  • The clinical trial at TCRS at Scottsdale Healthcare will investigate the safety and pharmacology of multiple doses of TH-302 in patients with late-stage cancer. (tgen.org)
  • Research at TGen is focused on helping patients with diseases such as cancer, neurological disorders and diabetes. (tgen.org)
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the five-year national temporal trends of life-sustaining procedures and palliative care for dying patients with COPD in US hospitals," write the authors of a study published in the Journal of Palliative Care . (vitas.com)
  • Possible reasons for the upward trend in the use of aggressive procedures, note the authors, include not only technological advancements and the increased number of available ICU beds, but also late referral to hospice or hospital based palliative care for patients admitted due to disease progression. (vitas.com)
  • Challenges to timely palliative/hospice care referral of COPD patients include a lack of end-of-life communication, prognostic difficulty, diverse patient characteristics and a lack of resources, the authors note. (vitas.com)
  • Limitations to their analysis noted by the authors include their inability to assess whether those patients who received palliative care consultations would choose home hospice care and whether temporal trends were influenced by the recent Medicare billing code changes that allow clinicians to bill for advance care planning discussions. (vitas.com)
  • According to the authors of an editorial accompanying the report, while the increase in the rate of palliative care consultations for dying COPD patients found in this study may seem encouraging, it is important to keep in mind that the presence of palliative care teams in US hospitals also increased during the study period. (vitas.com)
  • What the editorial authors find "alarming" is that the rate of increase in invasive, life-sustaining procedures used for these dying COPD patients outpaced the rate of increase in palliative care delivery. (vitas.com)
  • Initiating a palliative care consult for patients already hospitalized near death is "too late," they note. (vitas.com)
  • E]xpert end-of-life care is but a drop in the ocean of what palliative care can offer for patients with COPD and their caregivers," write the commenters. (vitas.com)
  • The editorial writers conclude, "Pulmonologists who care for patients with COPD from diagnosis and through the end of life are uniquely poised to implement early palliative care in COPD to address the unmet symptom and advance care planning needs of patients with COPD and their family caregivers. (vitas.com)
  • The study protocol was approved by the relevant research ethics committee and all participating patients gave informed written consent. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • HRQoL data in the form of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 were originally intended to be collected at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months for a subgroup of patients. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Patients with multi-morbidities pose a significant challenge for healthcare organizations because they require continuity of care among a wide range of long-term therapeutic paradigms for many different types of diseases. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • CHICA has supported the care of more than 36,000 patients since its 2004 implementation for pediatric preventive care and disease management at community clinics associated with Wishard-Eskenazi Health in Indianapolis. (eurekalert.org)
  • These consensus guidelines have been developed by general practitioners for the use of general practitioners caring for patients with dementia in the community.Training will take place either in the GP's own surgery or at a central location. (anzctr.org.au)
  • The waitlist or control GPs will provide usual care to their patients. (anzctr.org.au)
  • This research attempted to identify the efficiency of the referral processes that were implemented for patients with T2D. (hindawi.com)
  • There is a knowledge gap about the long-term impact of atrial fibrillation on the risk of adverse kidney-related outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease," said senior author Alan S. Go, MD, director of the Comprehensive Clinical Research Unit at the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research. (innovations-report.com)
  • The study looked at 3,359 HIV-infected patients from seven Kaiser Permanente regions nationwide and Group Health in 2000 to 2003 to measure the effects of depression -- with and without selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) use -- on adherence and changes in viral and immunologic control in patients starting a new highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Kaiser Permanente and Group Health are the second largest provider of HIV care in the United States, caring for more than 17,000 patients annually. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Effectiveness studies, on the other hand, are often larger, naturalistic studies that attempt to approximate "real world" conditions by studying patients who may have psychiatric and medical co-morbidities, and by relying on broader outcome measures for assessing response. (wikibooks.org)
  • Describe the safety and effectiveness of the Hybrid approach to CTO PCI among patients undergoing elective percutaneous revascularization of native chronic total occlusions. (torrancememorial.org)
  • Quantify the baseline health status effects of CTO among patients selected for CTO PCI and quantify the changes in health status associated with Hybrid approach CTO-PCI. (torrancememorial.org)
  • For patients and carers care coordination is about having a responsive team of health care providers. (ijic.org)
  • Assessment of health services needs: To develop the need and demand model of prioritization systems of patients in waiting lists for elective surgery. (imim.es)
  • In this study conducted by the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research and the University of Washington School of Medicine, 72 percent of the 1,366 study participants had limited health literacy, and had significantly poorer adherence to newly prescribed antidepressants, compared to patients with no limitations. (healthcanal.com)
  • However, this is the first study to examine the association between health literacy and antidepressant adherence among patients with diabetes. (healthcanal.com)
  • This type of research gives our health care systems important feedback because, as providers, we often remain unsure whether the critical health information we convey to our patients is fully understood. (healthcanal.com)
  • The Institute of Medicine defines health literacy as the capacity for patients to "obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. (healthcanal.com)
  • In fact, diabetes patients with limited health literacy were much less likely to refill their antidepressant medications in a timely fashion than patients with no limitations. (healthcanal.com)
  • For antidepressant treatment to succeed, patients with limited health literacy may require more intensive counseling and clearer explanations about use of antidepressant medications and closer follow-up. (healthcanal.com)
  • The Musculoskeletal Science aims to improve musculoskeletal health in patients, the frail elderly and individuals subject to tissue injury. (uea.ac.uk)
  • 2008 Health status and economic outcomes of critically ill trauma patients (HECTIC). (city.ac.uk)
  • According to the report, the Canada home healthcare market is primarily driven by the rising number of patients who suffer from ailments such as diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and multiple chronic diseases. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Trend toward standardized cancer care may benefit most patients and offer savings, but is challenging for drug companies, January 2015 market research study finds. (prweb.com)
  • Since these treatment pathways are designed to offer the best course of treatment for 80% to 90% of patients with the corresponding form of cancer, drugs that aren't on pathways will be challenged to gain market share," said Denis Goldenberg, vice president of oncology market research at HRA. (prweb.com)
  • Ethical implications of routine outcomes monitoring for patients, psychotherapists, and mental health care systems. (umass.edu)
  • While the most commonly used elements of a chronic care model were self-management support and delivery system design, there were considerable variations between studies regarding what combination of elements were included as well as the way in which chronic care model elements were implemented. (springer.com)
  • This meant that it was impossible to clearly identify any optimal combination of chronic care model elements that led to the reported improvements. (springer.com)
  • In the European Union (EU), approximately 50 million people live with multiple chronic diseases, and this is one of the leading causes of growing healthcare costs. (beds.ac.uk)
  • It is estimated that chronic diseases inflict 70-80% of total healthcare costs in EU countries [ 1 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • 5.4 million in 2011), 37.2% of the population had at least one chronic disease or health problem in 2011 [ 2 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Once a severe mental health disease occurs, it tends to become chronic and may need repeated hospitalizations affecting daily life and social integration. (springer.com)
  • Care management is initiated via a structured assessment, to identify prevalent caregiving problems: unmet need for assistance, lack of social support, educational needs, difficulty with managing behavioral issues and safety concerns, need for respite, establishing advance care planning, depression of the person with dementia as well as the caregiver, management of other chronic medical issues, and need for diagnostic information and assistance with acute medical issues. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • One of the challenges to Saudi Arabia's health care system is the change in the burden of diseases from communicable infectious diseases to noncommunicable chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular illness [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Now researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research have found that the risk of kidney failure is greater for people with chronic kidney disease who also have atrial fibrillation, one of the most common forms of irregular heart rhythm in adults. (innovations-report.com)
  • The new study, published last month in the journal Circulation, involved 206,229 adults with chronic kidney disease who were drawn from members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a large integrated health care delivery system. (innovations-report.com)
  • Research shows that those with health literacy limitations are more likely to have poor control of their chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, congestive heart failure and HIV," said Andrew Karter, PhD, research scientist at Kaiser Permanente and senior author on the study. (healthcanal.com)
  • Research is focused on contemporary public health problems in the UK, including conditions related to obesity, chronic diseases that are responsive to diet, and nutritional issues associated with the ageing population. (uea.ac.uk)
  • Multiple chronic conditions and hospitalizations among recipients of long-term services and supports. (upenn.edu)
  • Managing chronic illness: Nursing contact and participant enrollment in a Medicare care coordination demonstration program. (upenn.edu)
  • and (5) frequent examples of self-dealing were noted between the for-profit organizations and the home health agencies. (gao.gov)
  • State health departments and partner organizations have shown leadership in preventing CDIs in hospitals and can prevent more CDIs by extending their programs to cover other health-care settings. (cdc.gov)
  • The paper aims to illustrate the stance of existing research on governance in healthcare organizations (hereafter HCOs), in order to appreciate the structure of literature and its evolution. (francoangeli.it)
  • Network development among the NCCs and other existing networks and organizations to support the use of evidence in decision -making and the various governance structures for public health. (cwhn.ca)
  • Prior to coming to Sheffield I held several positions in speech and language therapy in Bristol, instigated the establishment of the first AAC centre in Frenchay Hospital and established the speech and language therapy research unit there. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • The National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID) is one of six centres funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada. (cwhn.ca)
  • The aim of this study is to assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of standard major trauma centre treatment plus REBOA, compared with standard major trauma centre treatment alone, for the management of life-threatening torso haemorrhage (bleeding) in UK major trauma centres. (isrctn.com)
  • The aim of this study is to establish, via a randomised controlled trial, the clinical and cost-effectiveness of standard major trauma centre treatment plus Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA), compared with standard major trauma centre treatment alone, for the management of life-threatening torso haemorrhage in UK major trauma centres. (isrctn.com)
  • The presence of 3 BBSRC research institutes on the Norwich Research Park ( Institute of Food Research (IFR) , John Innes Centre (JIC) , The Earlham Institute (EI) provides unique opportunities not available to other comparable medical schools. (uea.ac.uk)
  • The ESCAPE (Effectiveness and Safety of Chest pain Assessment to Prevent Emergency admissions) multicentre trial was undertaken to determine whether CPU could reduce admissions, improve outcomes and be cost effective across a variety of NHS hospitals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Advisory Council on the Assessment of Developments in the Healthcare System. (springer.com)
  • Students can participate in CCSchool in three federal states of Germany if they a) show symptoms vindicating a mental health diagnosis, b) present with confirmed school problems and c) have a level of general functioning below 70 on the children global assessment of Functioning (C-GAF). (springer.com)
  • The study uses an effectiveness-implementation hybrid design type I to assess outcomes of non-specialist delivered Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) compared to fluoxetine, including assessment of the service delivery mechanism. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The Health of India's Elderly: A comparative assessment across subjective and objective health outcomes. (eur.nl)
  • To improve the assessment of severity of mental disorders and other conditions and the need for care by using PROs. (imim.es)
  • Assessment of the effectiveness of other cancer screening programs (Groups 2 and 3). (imim.es)
  • An assessment of state-led reform of long-term services and supports. (upenn.edu)
  • Cost and effectiveness data were split into two categories, short term or costs and effects up to 6 months, and long term or lifetime costs and effects. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The cost included all direct health-care costs supplemented with home care and nursing home-care costs in social care. (beds.ac.uk)
  • A detailed audit was conducted at 11 home health agencies to verify that the costs claimed for Medicare were in fact incurred, allowable, reasonable, and properly reported. (gao.gov)
  • The management and clerical costs for two home health agencies in Louisiana that were comparable in size were $291,400 and $129,000. (gao.gov)
  • There was initial disagreement regarding whether CER will be used to limit patient health care options, or help lower health care costs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pressure ulcer costs in long term care. (medscape.com)
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Health care costs and rates of disease progression between six clinical states of HIV infection. (bmj.com)
  • What are the consequences and the costs of young people with ongoing needs not making a transition into adult services, or being poorly supported through the process? (nice.org.uk)
  • These payments, that were made in an incorrect amount or should not have been made at all, are contributing to excessive health care costs. (cio.com)
  • including (2) costs and cost-benefit ratios for depression care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In the current fiscal climate, states continue to face budget deficits, and as a result, they are increasingly focusing on identifying and reducing costs, including those associated with health disparities. (ahrq.gov)
  • This issue brief describes state 2 efforts to quantify the human and financial costs associated with racial and ethnic disparities in health status and healthcare. (ahrq.gov)
  • The Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies estimates racial and ethnic disparities to have cost this nation $1.24 trillion between 2003 and 2006: $229.4 billion for direct medical care expenditures associated with health disparities and another $1 trillion for the indirect costs of disparities. (ahrq.gov)
  • Several state Offices of Minority Health believe that framing disparities as an issue of costs may offer a new way to engage key stakeholders in minority health initiatives. (ahrq.gov)
  • States believe it is easier for stakeholders, such as state and local policymakers and payers, to see value in immediately addressing health disparities if they understand that failing to take action results in continued excess costs, spending and lost lives. (ahrq.gov)
  • Cost effectiveness ratios (cost per QALY) were generated from our model. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The goal of the series is to expose graduate students, post-docs, and faculty both in the School of Public Health and across Brown University to cutting-edge research in a variety of health services research-related areas. (brown.edu)
  • This fellowship program seeks to apply the content expertise, mentoring, and educational infrastructure at selected COIN sites to provide advanced interprofessional training opportunities for physicians and associated health professionals in innovative health services research, implementation science, and healthcare system improvement. (va.gov)
  • Does clinical supervision of healthcare professionals improve effectiveness of care and patient experience? (beds.ac.uk)
  • The review found significant improvement in the process of care that may improve compliance with processes that are associated with enhanced patient health outcomes. (beds.ac.uk)
  • We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. (bmj.com)
  • Parental capacity and behaviors can be altered either directly by providing services to individual caretakers to improve their knowledge and skills, or indirectly by creating a context in which doing the "right thing" is easier, such as by reducing stress and increasing support within the immediate family and local community. (nap.edu)
  • Our insight and guidance empower clients to improve organizational efficiency, effectiveness, agility and responsiveness. (prweb.com)
  • PCORI is a federally funded, nonprofit corporation established to carry out and improve comparative clinical effectiveness research (CER), which evaluates and compares the health outcomes and the clinical effectiveness, risks, and benefits of two or more medical treatments, services, or items. (gao.gov)
  • This study provides a platform to explore effectiveness of alternative treatments in routine care in a low income setting to improve health outcomes for children. (bmj.com)
  • Computer Decision Support to Improve Autism Screening and Care in Community Pediatric Clinics" appears in the October-December issue of the journal Infants & Young Children . (eurekalert.org)
  • The results were analysed in order to provide recommendations to improve the Saudi health system. (hindawi.com)
  • The Kaiser Permanente Division of Research conducts, publishes, and disseminates epidemiologic and health services research to improve the health and medical care of Kaiser Permanente members and the society at large. (bio-medicine.org)
  • They encourage healthcare professionals from students and doctors to nurses and allied health professionals to pursue ideas and innovations that improve patient care. (eurekalert.org)
  • Graduates are expected to be role models in leading, developing, conducting, and evaluating innovative health services research in a variety of clinical settings including VHA and other healthcare institutions that seek to improve care for Veterans and the Nation. (va.gov)
  • Although school-based programmes for the identification of children and young people (CYP) with mental health difficulties (MHD) have the potential to improve short- and long-term outcomes across a range of mental disorders, the evidence-base on the effectiveness of these programmes is underdeveloped. (cambridge.org)
  • This year, the conference brought together leading mental health services researchers, clinicians, mental health advocates, and federal and nonfederal partners. (nih.gov)
  • Optometry researchers in the UK have shown that eye care provided by Enhanced Eye Care Service Schemes (ESS) and community optometrists are safe, clinically effective and also provide good value for money. (city.ac.uk)
  • Researchers want to know how different policies affect how and when children in foster care get antipsychotics. (pcori.org)
  • The overall goal of the AHRQ Health Services Research Dissertation Grant Program is to help ensure that a diverse pool of highly trained health services researchers is available in adequate numbers and appropriate research areas to address the research mission and priorities of AHRQ. (nih.gov)
  • HRA's team of highly experienced market researchers combines deep domain expertise in healthcare, science, business and statistics with a passion for uncovering insights. (prweb.com)
  • The seminars take place throughout the academic year and feature leading health services researchers from the New England region and across the US. (brown.edu)
  • The two-year modular degree is particularly relevant for clinicians and allied health care professionals at all levels, hospital administrators, executives in the biopharmaceutical and medical device industries, and regulatory agencies. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The 1998 Second National Mental Health Plan [ 2 ] and the 2004 Australian National Mental Health Strategy [ 3 ] called for joint planning, coordination of services and the development of links between different providers. (springer.com)
  • 2014). Coordination and integration - Health care in an ageing society . (springer.com)
  • A preliminary analysis of one of these overarching concepts, care coordination, demonstrates how different perspectives will assign different meanings, values, and drivers of seemingly similar ideas. (ijic.org)
  • The National Institute of Mental Health hosted the 23rd Conference on Mental Health Services Research (MHSR) with the theme Harnessing Science to Strengthen the Public Health Impact . (nih.gov)
  • The outlook for the global healthcare IT outsourcing (ITO) market is hanging in the balance, with all eyes watching to see the outcome of the U.S. presidential election and the verdict of antitrust proceedings filed by the U.S. Department of Justice opposing the proposed Aetna-Humana and Anthem-Cigna mergers. (prweb.com)
  • Providers under the fee-for-service model are paid based on service rendered with no real incentives to affect the outcome of the patient. (cio.com)
  • These data will enable administrators in public health care settings around the US and non-profit foundations addressing dementia patient and caregiver needs to decide what method provides the best value and the best outcome relative to its cost. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The project is being conducted by the Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research under a contract awarded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Bureau of Health Professions. (chiro.org)
  • The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Minority Health defines these as 'health differences. (ahrq.gov)
  • July 29, 2015 - Extension of Expiration Dates for AHRQ Healthcare-Associated Infection R18 and R01 Funding Opportunity Announcements. (nih.gov)
  • This FOA will use the AHRQ Large Health Services Research Demonstration and Dissemination Grant (R 18 ) award mechanism. (nih.gov)
  • This program is authorized by 42 U.S.C. 299a(b), which provides that AHRQ may provide training grants in the field of health services research. (nih.gov)
  • This announcement represents the continuation of an AHRQ program that provides support to individuals who are conducting research undertaken as part of an accredited academic program to qualify for a research doctorate degree. (nih.gov)
  • 2), AHRQ announces meetings of the above-listed scientific peer review groups, which are subcommittees of AHRQ's Health Services Research Initial Review Group Committees. (federalregister.gov)
  • The MHSR is one of the nation's premier mental health services research conferences and promotes areas of high priority for services research and identifies opportunities that have the potential for significant impact on the health and well-being of people with mental disorders. (nih.gov)
  • The MHSR is the nation's premier mental health services research conference. (nih.gov)
  • Since that time the importance of partnerships between different health and human service sectors has been promoted. (springer.com)
  • Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems. (apha.org)
  • In 2013, VA HSR&D superseded the HSR&D Centers of Excellence program with 19 new Centers of Innovation (COINs) to advance research through innovations and partnerships with key stakeholders in the VHA healthcare system. (va.gov)
  • On the relationship between individual and population health. (springer.com)
  • Gesundes Kinzigtal integrated care: Improving population health by a shared health gain approach and a shared savings contract. (springer.com)
  • Population Health Management. (eur.nl)
  • Even when identified, children who are victims of child abuse or neglect may not receive the therapeutic services needed to address their serious developmental and behavioral problems. (nap.edu)
  • What Happens When Employers Switch from a "Carve-Out" to a "Carve-In" Model of Managed Behavioral Health? (nih.gov)
  • Dr. Bauer, the study's first author, is a behavioral pediatrician and health services researcher. (eurekalert.org)
  • The center serves individuals, families and professionals throughout North America, both as a TBI Model System and as the designated lead agency for the Ohio Brain Injury Program and the Star Behavioral Health Providers program. (osu.edu)
  • The SingHealth Duke-NUS Scientific Congress abstract awards recognise research excellence in basic, translational, clinical, evidence-based and health services and systems research. (eurekalert.org)
  • This study was a cluster randomised controlled trial involving 14 hospitals - half of which implemented the CPU protocol whilst the rest provided routine care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Probabilistic sensitivity analysis indicated that at the societal willingness to pay threshold of €50,000 per QALY, the probability of health coaching being cost effective was 55% in the whole study group. (beds.ac.uk)
  • This study aimed to quantify how reduced HCV transmission changes the cost-effectiveness of new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens as a function of treatment uptake rates. (springer.com)
  • He is the Principal Investigator of Project REACH, a longitudinal study of health outcomes in several hundred locally treated cancer survivors. (dana-farber.org)
  • REST's research study has been published in Home Health Care Services Quarterly, a national health care journal! (constantcontact.com)
  • Group Health Study Shows Depression Worsens HIV. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This is a research study of older persons who are admitted to the hospital with a heart attack. (torrancememorial.org)
  • The goal of the study is to help older people in the future make well-informed decisions about their health care during a heart attack. (torrancememorial.org)
  • The apparent increase in the vaccine's effectiveness over time, according to lead author Roger Baxter, MD, co-director of the Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, "is likely the result of vaccine failure occurring early, while breakthroughs became rare due to high vaccine effectiveness both directly and through herd immunity. (healthcanal.com)
  • High doses of daily caffeine during pregnancy - whether from coffee, tea, caffeinated soda or hot chocolate - cause an increased risk of miscarriage, according a new study by the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research. (health.am)
  • While previous research showed a link between caffeine consumption and miscarriage, this is the first study to thoroughly control for morning sickness, which typically causes many women to avoid caffeine, explained De-Kun Li, MD, Ph.D., an investigator with the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research and lead investigator of the study. (health.am)
  • HRA used multiple sources to develop the study, including interviews with oncologists and regional and national payers such as Aetna, Humana, Anthem, Blue Cross Blue Shield, and Priority Health. (prweb.com)
  • As part of this broader effort, the state commissioned a study of existing healthcare transparency tools. (hsri.org)
  • Transitional care in skilled nursing facilities: A multiple case study. (upenn.edu)
  • We found that CPU compared to routine care resulted in a non-significant increase in effectiveness of 0.0075 QALYs per patient and a non-significant cost decrease of £32 per patient and thus a negative incremental cost effectiveness ratio. (biomedcentral.com)
  • His original idea for a patient problem list was adapted and put into law in the "meaningful use" requirements of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, which promoted the adoption of electronic health records in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • A trans-disciplinary research project funded under the HEENW SLA is being undertaken entitled Enhancing professional performance in challenging environments (ENHANce) (Professor John Sandars, Professor Jeremy Brown, Dr Andrew Levy and Professor Paresh Wankhade). (edgehill.ac.uk)
  • Christopher J. Recklitis, Ph.D., MPH is Director of Research and Support Services for the Perini Family Survivors Center at Dana-Farber, and Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. (dana-farber.org)
  • Regenstrief Institute affiliated scientist Nerissa Bauer, M.D., is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the Indiana University School of Medicine, where she is part of the Children's Health Services Research. (eurekalert.org)
  • Parents bring concerns to the pediatrician, and while pediatricians know how children should be developing, visits are brief -- and there is a tremendous amount to cover and juggle during that visit," said Regenstrief Institute affiliated scientist Nerissa Bauer, M.D., assistant professor of pediatrics at the Indiana University School of Medicine, where she is part of the Children's Health Services Research group. (eurekalert.org)
  • What's important here is that CHICA will help pediatricians identify autism earlier when treatment is more likely to be effective," said Stephen M. Downs, M.D., M.S., Jean and Jerry Bepko Professor of Pediatrics and director of Children's Health Services Research at the IU School of Medicine. (eurekalert.org)
  • The current evidence base also suggests that the availability of these services is uneven across communities and populations, leaving many of the most vulnerable children and families without adequate services. (nap.edu)
  • Motivated by concern from the general public, governments in virtually all countries with developed and rapidly developing economies have been actively seeking and promoting ways of improving the patient experience of health care, improving the health of populations, and reducing the per capita cost of health care. (springer.com)
  • Otherwise health disparities may be considered a special interest to address only when there is additional money in the budget. (ahrq.gov)
  • The performance indicator framework provides information on equity, efficiency and effectiveness, and distinguishes the outputs and outcomes of health services. (pc.gov.au)
  • Working with collaborators in the scientific and medical communities, TGen believes it can make a substantial contribution to the efficiency and effectiveness of the translational process. (tgen.org)
  • This minimum package would cost about three times the current public spending on health, suggesting that health spending needs to rise to achieve good health outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • Enter Public Health Law Research , a discipline designed to bring the bright light of science to the relationships between law and health. (wiley.com)
  • In addition to the public child protection and child welfare systems found in all communities, a variety of treatment programs targeting victims and perpetrators of child abuse and neglect are offered through various mental health and social service agencies. (nap.edu)
  • The six centres form a network across Canada, each hosted by a different institution and focusing on a different topic in public health. (cwhn.ca)
  • Public Health England, Health Protection Scotland, Public Health Wales, Public Health Agency: Hepatitis C in the UK: 2014 report. (springer.com)
  • Public Health England, Health Protection Scotland, Public Health Wales, Public Health Agency: Shooting up: infections among people who inject drugs in the United Kingdom 2013. (springer.com)
  • He completed doctoral degree in clinical psychology at Boston University, and his Masters in Public Health at the Harvard School of Public Health. (dana-farber.org)
  • As emphasized by a recent World Health Organization (WHO) initiative, integration of depression treatment into existing systems of care is critical to achieving public health impact. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • offers eligible public information officers paid access to a reliable news release distribution service. (eurekalert.org)
  • BMC Public Health, 14:526. (eur.nl)
  • Assure a competent public health and personal health care workforce. (apha.org)
  • To respond to the needs of public health agencies within the National Health System thru effective knowledge tranfer. (imim.es)
  • If you are using public inspection listings for legal research, you should verify the contents of the documents against a final, official edition of the Federal Register. (federalregister.gov)
  • Research in medical microbiology at the UEA ranges from fundamental studies on proteins and genes to investigations of the public health impact of water supply in developing countries. (uea.ac.uk)
  • Aust N Z J Public Health. (edu.au)
  • Polls, public opinion and research information on international topics including health. (sfu.ca)