Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Hydrostatic Pressure: The pressure due to the weight of fluid.Blood Pressure Determination: Techniques for measuring blood pressure.Transducers, Pressure: Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Intracranial Pressure: Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.Intraocular Pressure: The pressure of the fluids in the eye.Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory: Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.Air Pressure: The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.Atmospheric Pressure: The pressure at any point in an atmosphere due solely to the weight of the atmospheric gases above the point concerned.Venous Pressure: The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.Arterial Pressure: The blood pressure in the ARTERIES. It is commonly measured with a SPHYGMOMANOMETER on the upper arm which represents the arterial pressure in the BRACHIAL ARTERY.Ventricular Pressure: The pressure within a CARDIAC VENTRICLE. Ventricular pressure waveforms can be measured in the beating heart by catheterization or estimated using imaging techniques (e.g., DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY). The information is useful in evaluating the function of the MYOCARDIUM; CARDIAC VALVES; and PERICARDIUM, particularly with simultaneous measurement of other (e.g., aortic or atrial) pressures.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Central Venous Pressure: The blood pressure in the central large VEINS of the body. It is distinguished from peripheral venous pressure which occurs in an extremity.Pulmonary Wedge Pressure: The blood pressure as recorded after wedging a CATHETER in a small PULMONARY ARTERY; believed to reflect the PRESSURE in the pulmonary CAPILLARIES.Antihypertensive Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.Osmotic Pressure: The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.Systole: Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.Vascular Resistance: The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.Pulse: The rhythmical expansion and contraction of an ARTERY produced by waves of pressure caused by the ejection of BLOOD from the left ventricle of the HEART as it contracts.Diastole: Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Manometry: Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure: Manometric pressure of the CEREBROSPINAL FLUID as measured by lumbar, cerebroventricular, or cisternal puncture. Within the cranial cavity it is called INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE.Positive-Pressure Respiration: A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.Continuous Positive Airway Pressure: A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Portal Pressure: The venous pressure measured in the PORTAL VEIN.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Hypotension: Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.Sympathetic Nervous System: The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.Pressoreceptors: Receptors in the vascular system, particularly the aorta and carotid sinus, which are sensitive to stretch of the vessel walls.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Renin: A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC 184.108.40.206.Rats, Inbred SHR: A strain of Rattus norvegicus with elevated blood pressure used as a model for studying hypertension and stroke.Lower Body Negative Pressure: External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Baroreflex: A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Compliance: Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Arteries: The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure: A form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder (see GAIT DISORDERS, NEUROLOGIC), progressive intellectual decline, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. Spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range. This condition may result from processes which interfere with the absorption of CSF including SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, chronic MENINGITIS, and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp631-3)Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Aorta: The main trunk of the systemic arteries.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Tonometry, Ocular: Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Cardiovascular System: The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.Sphygmomanometers: Instruments for measuring arterial blood pressure consisting of an inflatable cuff, inflating bulb, and a gauge showing the blood pressure. (Stedman, 26th ed)Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Pulsatile Flow: Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Hypertension, Renal: Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.Rats, Inbred WKY: A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).Angiotensin II: An octapeptide that is a potent but labile vasoconstrictor. It is produced from angiotensin I after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME. The amino acid in position 5 varies in different species. To block VASOCONSTRICTION and HYPERTENSION effect of angiotensin II, patients are often treated with ACE INHIBITORS or with ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Pulmonary Artery: The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.Tidal Volume: The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Perfusion: Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Vasoconstriction: The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Intracranial Hypertension: Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Sodium Chloride, Dietary: Sodium chloride used in foods.Blood Volume: Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Carotid Sinus: The dilated portion of the common carotid artery at its bifurcation into external and internal carotids. It contains baroreceptors which, when stimulated, cause slowing of the heart, vasodilatation, and a fall in blood pressure.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Blood Gas Analysis: Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.Telemetry: Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hypertension, Pulmonary: Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Renal Circulation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the vessels of the KIDNEY.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Myocardial Contraction: Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.Vasoconstrictor Agents: Drugs used to cause constriction of the blood vessels.Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular: Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors: A class of drugs whose main indications are the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. They exert their hemodynamic effect mainly by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system. They also modulate sympathetic nervous system activity and increase prostaglandin synthesis. They cause mainly vasodilation and mild natriuresis without affecting heart rate and contractility.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Vasodilator Agents: Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.Vasodilation: The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Diet, Sodium-Restricted: A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Phenylephrine: An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used as a mydriatic, nasal decongestant, and cardiotonic agent.Sodium, Dietary: Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.Cardiomegaly: Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Renin-Angiotensin System: A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Natriuresis: Sodium excretion by URINATION.Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Vapor Pressure: The contribution to barometric PRESSURE of gaseous substance in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase.Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Blood Circulation: The movement of the BLOOD as it is pumped through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Glaucoma: An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Ocular Hypertension: A condition in which the intraocular pressure is elevated above normal and which may lead to glaucoma.Brachial Artery: The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Supine Position: The posture of an individual lying face up.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Respiratory Muscles: These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.Constriction: The act of constricting.Autonomic Nervous System: The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Nitric Oxide: A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Intubation, Intratracheal: A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.Inhalation: The act of BREATHING in.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Valsalva Maneuver: Forced expiratory effort against a closed GLOTTIS.Lung Compliance: The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Ventilators, Negative-Pressure: Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").Aldosterone: A hormone secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX that regulates electrolyte and water balance by increasing the renal retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Echocardiography, Doppler: Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.Anoxia: Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.Captopril: A potent and specific inhibitor of PEPTIDYL-DIPEPTIDASE A. It blocks the conversion of ANGIOTENSIN I to ANGIOTENSIN II, a vasoconstrictor and important regulator of arterial blood pressure. Captopril acts to suppress the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM and inhibits pressure responses to exogenous angiotensin.Hypertension, Renovascular: Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Nitroprusside: A powerful vasodilator used in emergencies to lower blood pressure or to improve cardiac function. It is also an indicator for free sulfhydryl groups in proteins.Pulmonary Gas Exchange: The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.Adrenergic beta-Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.Photoplethysmography: Plethysmographic determination in which the intensity of light reflected from the skin surface and the red cells below is measured to determine the blood volume of the respective area. There are two types, transmission and reflectance.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Propranolol: A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.Hypotension, Orthostatic: A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.Hydrochlorothiazide: A thiazide diuretic often considered the prototypical member of this class. It reduces the reabsorption of electrolytes from the renal tubules. This results in increased excretion of water and electrolytes, including sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium. It is used in the treatment of several disorders including edema, hypertension, diabetes insipidus, and hypoparathyroidism.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Sleep Apnea, Obstructive: A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.TetrazolesCatheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Airway Resistance: Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.Glomerular Filtration Rate: The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Work of Breathing: RESPIRATORY MUSCLE contraction during INHALATION. The work is accomplished in three phases: LUNG COMPLIANCE work, that required to expand the LUNGS against its elastic forces; tissue resistance work, that required to overcome the viscosity of the lung and chest wall structures; and AIRWAY RESISTANCE work, that required to overcome airway resistance during the movement of air into the lungs. Work of breathing does not refer to expiration, which is entirely a passive process caused by elastic recoil of the lung and chest cage. (Guyton, Textbook of Medical Physiology, 8th ed, p406)Plethysmography: Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Atrial Natriuretic Factor: A potent natriuretic and vasodilatory peptide or mixture of different-sized low molecular weight PEPTIDES derived from a common precursor and secreted mainly by the HEART ATRIUM. All these peptides share a sequence of about 20 AMINO ACIDS.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Laser-Doppler Flowmetry: A method of non-invasive, continuous measurement of MICROCIRCULATION. The technique is based on the values of the DOPPLER EFFECT of low-power laser light scattered randomly by static structures and moving tissue particulates.Homeostasis: The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.Atenolol: A cardioselective beta-1 adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to PROPRANOLOL, but without a negative inotropic effect.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Denervation: The resection or removal of the nerve to an organ or part. (Dorland, 28th ed)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Diuretics: Agents that promote the excretion of urine through their effects on kidney function.Pulmonary Edema: Excessive accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung, an indication of a serious underlying disease or disorder. Pulmonary edema prevents efficient PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE in the PULMONARY ALVEOLI, and can be life-threatening.Consciousness: Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.Epinephrine: The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Pulmonary Ventilation: The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester: A non-selective inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. It has been used experimentally to induce hypertension.Glaucoma, Open-Angle: Glaucoma in which the angle of the anterior chamber is open and the trabecular meshwork does not encroach on the base of the iris.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Radial Artery: The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.Microcirculation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the MICROVASCULAR NETWORK.Capillary Resistance: The vascular resistance to the flow of BLOOD through the CAPILLARIES portions of the peripheral vascular bed.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Lung Volume Measurements: Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Aorta, Thoracic: The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.Losartan: An antagonist of ANGIOTENSIN TYPE 1 RECEPTOR with antihypertensive activity due to the reduced pressor effect of ANGIOTENSIN II.
Its partial pressure contribution to air pressure increases, lowering the partial pressure contribution of the other ... Antarctica shows this effect to a unique degree because it is by far the continent with the lowest rate of precipitation on ... The maximum partial pressure (saturation pressure) of water vapor in air varies with temperature of the air and water vapor ... relative humidity occurs when the partial pressure of water vapor is equal to the equilibrium vapor pressure. This condition is ...
... 's antipsychotic effect is due to antagonism at dopamine and serotonin type 2 receptors, with greater activity at ... high or low blood pressure; loss of bladder control; muscle stiffness (severe); unusual increase in sweating; unusually pale ... Rare, serious side effects include convulsions (seizures); difficult or unusually fast breathing; fast or irregular heartbeat ... This may explain the lack of extrapyramidal effects. Propiomazine does not appear to block dopamine within the tubero- ...
The combined effect reduces blood pressure. The specific efficacy of each ARB within this class depends upon a combination of ... effect of angiotensin II. However, pressor inhibition is not a measure of blood pressure-lowering (BP) efficacy per se. The ... Dang A, Zhang Y, Liu G, Chen G, Song W, Wang B (January 2006). "Effects of losartan and irbesartan on serum uric acid in ... Some of these drugs have a uricosuric effect. In one study after 10 weeks of treatment with an ARB called losartan (Cozaar), 88 ...
Other side effects. The most common side effects are stomach problems (including vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea), and effects ... Dehydration and low blood pressure. Clofarabine can cause vomiting and diarrhea which may lead to low body fluid (dehydration ... Effects on pregnancy and breastfeeding. Girls and women should not become pregnant or breastfeed during treatment which may ... Serious side effects that can happen because of bone marrow suppression include severe infection (sepsis), bleeding, and anemia ...
... implicating a possible mutagenic or teratogenic effect. No effect on development could be attributed. The U.S. CDC's NIOSH ... increased blood pressure and heart rate; proteinuria, hematuria (blood in the urine), bladder injury; in animals: teratogenic ... At clear toxic doses of parent animals reproductive effects were limited to reduced implantation sites in F1 females associated ... effects The short-term NOAEL of 9.6 - 10 mg/kg bw/day was derived from 90-day rat, 90-day dog and 1-year dog studies and the ...
Ghosh SS, Gehr TW, Sica DA, Masilamani S, Ghosh S, Wang R, McGuire E (2006). "Effect of renalase inhibition on blood pressure ... Desir GV, Li Y, Liu D (2007). "Downregulation of cardiac renalase expression in CKD, and protective effect of renalase in acute ... A genome-wide association study and meta-analysis found that approximately 42 loci affect the risk of diabetes The data ... Injection of renalase in rodents transiently decreases blood pressure, heart rate, heart muscle contractility, and blood vessel ...
As depth increases, so does the pressure and hence the severity of the narcosis. The effects may vary widely from individual to ... The lungs and brain are particularly affected by high partial pressures of oxygen, such as are encountered in diving. The body ... 2003). "9: Pressure Effects". Bennett and Elliott's physiology and medicine of diving (5th Revised ed.). United States: ... Divers have to breathe a gas which is at the same pressure as their surroundings (ambient pressure), which can be much greater ...
... hyperbaric gases and their effects under pressure; links between the physiological effects of the hyperbaric environment and ... It includes the effects on the body of pressure on gases, the diagnosis and treatment of conditions caused by marine hazards ... As depth increases, so does the pressure and hence the severity of the narcosis. The effects may vary widely from individual to ... The lungs and brain are particularly affected by high partial pressures of oxygen, such as are encountered in diving. The body ...
Side effects include headache; runny nose; pain or pressure in the face; nausea; vomiting; and dry, itchy, sticky eyes. Serious ... These patents are in effect until dates ranging between July 17, 2018 and March 31, 2032. Novartis also maintains patents on ... in each affected eye beginning one day prior to cataract surgery, continued on the day of surgery and through the first two ... "Effect of preoperative use of topical prednisolone acetate, ketorolac tromethamine, nepafenac and placebo, on the maintenance ...
Air traffic was affected. According to Perils AG, property insurers may face costs of €300 million from the storm. "2011 Low ... Pressure Area naming lists". FU-Berlin. Retrieved 27 December 2011. "La tempête Joachim des 15 et 16 décembre 2011". Meteo ...
... which lessens the effect of pressure variation due to excursions away from holding pressure, thereby reducing the amount and ... A gas booster, to boost the pressure of the reclaimed gas to the storage pressure. A storage system of pressure vessels to hold ... ISBN 1-886699-01-1. Behnke, Albert R. (1942). "Effects of High Pressures; Prevention and Treatment of Compressed-air illness". ... These bubbles remain small due to the relatively small pressure ratio between storage and excursion pressure, and are generally ...
ISBN 1-886699-01-1. Behnke, Albert R (1942). "Effects of High Pressures; Prevention and Treatment of Compressed-air illness". ... Albert R. Behnke proposed the idea of exposing humans to increased ambient pressures long enough for the blood and tissues to ... Bond, George F (September 1964). "New Developments in high pressure living". Archives of Environmental Health. 9: 310-4. doi: ... Lord, GP; Bond, GF; Schaefer, KE (November 1966). "Breathing under high ambient pressure". Journal of Applied Physiology. 21 (6 ...
It is also known as quantum confinement effect. Band gaps also depend on pressure. Band gaps can be either direct or indirect, ... H. Unlu (1992). "A Thermodynamic Model for Determining Pressure and Temperature Effects on the Bandgap Energies and other ... The interaction between the lattice phonons and the free electrons and holes will also affect the band gap to a smaller extent ... In photonics, band gaps or stop bands are ranges of photon frequencies where, if tunneling effects are neglected, no photons ...
Chemical Watch, (6.10.2011). MEPs pressure EU Commission on EDCs, cocktail effect. Retrieved November 17, 2011. Environmental ...
Effect on blood pressure: 0.5 mg/kg (rat; i.v.) produces an increase in BP of 29 mm. LD50 (mouse; i.p.) = 100 mg/kg. The ... B.E. Smart (2001). "Fluorine substituent effects (on bioactivity". Journal of Fluorine Chemistry. 109: 3-11. doi:10.1016/s0022- ...
Cartz, L.; Srinivasa, S.R.; Riedner, R.J.; Jorgensen, J.D.; Worlton, T.G. (1979). "Effect of pressure on bonding in black ... there is only a range of partial pressures at which it does. Heat can be applied to drive the reaction at higher pressures. In ... Burning phosphorus is difficult to extinguish and if it splashes onto human skin it has horrific effects. Early matches used ... It is obtained by heating white phosphorus under high pressures (about 12,000 standard atmospheres or 1.2 gigapascals). It can ...
Another common effect is hypertension (increased blood pressure). No interactions are described for either formulation. In wet ... Zaltrap has adverse effects typical of anti-cancer drugs, such as reduced blood cell count (leukopenia, neutropenia, ... A 2017 review update studying the effects of anti-VEGF drugs on diabetic macular edema found that while all three studied ... Common adverse effects of the eye formulation include conjunctival hemorrhage, eye pain, cataract, vitreous detachment, ...
"Effect of synthetic cannabinoids on elevated intraocular pressure". Ophthalmology. 88 (3): 270-277. doi:10.1016/s0161-6420(81) ...
Antagonizes effect of agents that lower blood pressure. Severe hypertension with MAOIs and possibly tricyclic antidepressants. ... Low blood pressure caused by phenothiazines. Hypertension. Pheochromocytoma. Patient on MAOIs. For shock due to loss of blood ... It has a positive inotropic effect on the myocardium. AV conduction and refractory period of AV node is shortened with an ... Additive vasoconstricting effects with ergot alkaloids, oxytocin. Potentially Fatal: Risk of abnormal heart rhythm in people ...
... s usually form around high-pressure systems. These do not "contradict" the Coriolis effect; it predicts such ... Anticyclonic storms, as high-pressure systems, usually accompany cold weather and are frequently a factor in large snowstorms. ... Anticyclonic tornadoes often occur; while tornadoes' vortices are low-pressure regions, this occurs because tornadoes occur on ... a weather storm where winds around the storm flow in the direction opposite to that of the flow about a region of low pressure ...
Its dose and use is limited by its main side effect-postural hypotension, where there is a substantial drop in blood pressure ... Overall, this vasodilatory effect can decrease blood pressure. Similar to local anesthetics and sodium channel blocking ... These effects are mainly seen when the person is in the upright position. Long term labetalol use also has different effects ... it decreases the peripheral vascular resistance and systemic blood pressure while having little effect on the heart rate, ...
"Effect of powdered fermented milk with Lactobacillus helveticus on subjects with high-normal blood pressure or mild ... "Lactotripeptides Show No Effect on Human Blood Pressure". Hypertension. 51 (2): 399-405. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.098988 ... Ingestion of powdered milk fermented with L. helveticus was shown to decrease blood pressure due to the presence of ... Boelsma E, Kloek J (2009). "Lactotripeptides and antihypertensive effects: a critical review". The British journal of nutrition ...
The effect of intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure". The American Review of Respiratory Disease. 131 (5): 672-7. doi: ... "Performance of maximum inspiratory pressure tests and maximum inspiratory pressure reference equations for 4 race/ethnic groups ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)  "Predicted normal values for maximal respiratory pressures in caucasian ... but the former is more affected because of the increased airway resistance). This generates a reduced value (. Spirometry tests ...
"MEPs pressure EU Commission on EDCs, cocktail effect". Retrieved 30/11/11. Check date values in: ,access-date= (help) Wallström ... the length of the SIN List in comparison to the 15 chemicals nominated by the EU as SVHCs in October 2008 was used to pressure ...
Hill, L.; Barnard, H.; Sequeira, J. H. (1897). "The Effect of Venous Pressure on the Pulse". The Journal of Physiology. 21 (2-3 ... Hill's work on blood pressure led him to believe "the arterial pressure can be taken in man as rapidly, simply, and accurately ... Hill performed research into decompression sickness, oxygen toxicity, and effects of carbon dioxide in diving. Hill advocated ...
"Effect of antihypertensive treatment at different blood pressure levels in patients with diabetes mellitus: systematic review ... Blood pressure lowering. Many international guidelines recommend blood pressure treatment targets that are lower than 140/90 ... in adults without symptoms whose blood pressure is greater than 135/80 mmHg. For those whose blood pressure is less, the ... Intensive blood pressure management (less than 130/80 mmHg) as opposed to standard blood pressure management (less than 140-160 ...
... the effect of pressure on λmax, and the effect of pressure on absorbance at the λmax. We conclude that visual pigments of these ... are known to be pressure sensitive at pressures encountered in the deep-sea. Indeed, effects of pressure on the transmembrane ... The effect of hydrostatic pressure (0.1-54 MPa, equivalent to pressures experienced by fish from the oceans surface to depths ... This corresponds to a calculated λmax shift at 40 MPa pressure of 1.35 nm. Interestingly, pressure also affected the λmax of ...
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), despite its name, is an abnormal condition. It occurs in older adults when cerebrospinal ... Who is affected?. NPH is believed to account for 5% of all cases of dementia. The condition primarily affects older people, and ... Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH). Overview. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), despite its name, is an abnormal condition ... What is normal pressure hydrocephalus?. Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a progressive condition that occurs when there ...
Overexpression of MAP 4 was found to affect neither the quantity nor the assembly of tubulin, nor did it affect microtubule ... As shown there, in the long-term pressure overload pulmonary artery banding group, RV systolic pressure was increased more than ... 1995) Load effects on gene expression during cardiac hypertrophy. J Mol Cell Cardiol 27:485-499, pmid:7760368.. ... Microtubule Stabilization in Pressure Overload Cardiac Hypertrophy. Hiroshi Sato, Toshio Nagai, Dhandapani Kuppuswamy, Takahiro ...
... minimum pressure technique and patent hemostasis, on radial artery occlusion (RAO) after transradial catheterization. ... The wristbands compressive pressure and duration of application have a direct effect on hemostasis; indeed, duration of ... Effect of duration of hemostatic compression on radial artery occlusion after transradial access. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. ... Use of minimum pressure in hemostatic wristband, without monitoring patency, might have the same efficacy for preventing RAO. ...
This combustion pressure sensor has been used for control of the advanced lean combustion engine in TOYOTA 1992 model (Oct. ... A new combustion pressure sensor capable of measuring the combustion pressure in an engine cylinder has been developed. ... A Combustion Pressure Sensor Utilizing Silicon Piezoresistive Effect 930351. A new combustion pressure sensor capable of ... This combustion pressure sensor has been used for control of the advanced lean combustion engine in TOYOTA 1992 model (Oct. ...
... "puts both companies in good position to weather some near-term pressure." Both companies posted record highs for wireless ... Sprints unlimited plans mean it wont benefit from the same effect. ...
Mining Publication: Effect of Pressure on Leakage of Automatic Sprinklers. Keywords: Pressure Underground mining Water ... The mine environment affected the ability of 66% of the sprinklers to withstand high static pressures. New sprinklers were also ... pressures in deep underground coal mines without leaking and if exposure to the mine environment affected their leak pressures ... The average leak pressures of the new sprinklers ranged from 640 to 2,300 psig and were significantly different for sprinklers ...
A Gas Pressure-Based Drift Round Blast Design Methodology. *Modeling the Effect of Seal Leakage on Spontaneous Heating in a ... Barometric pressure changes affect air density, leading to change in the mass of the gas in the gob. When the barometric ... The effect of barometric pressure changes on the spontaneous heating was found to be dependent on the gob permeability and the ... The effect of barometric pressure changes on oxygen concentrations in the gob was also examined. ...
EDITOR, - In their paper on the effect of a reduced sodium and increased potassium and magnesium intake on blood pressure J M ... Effect of dietary mineral salt on blood pressure BMJ 1994; 309 :1157 ... Effect of dietary mineral salt on blood pressure. BMJ 1994; 309 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.309.6962.1157a (Published 29 ... This is important because it could have influenced the subjects reaction to the trial and therefore their blood pressure, as ...
... Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Kjell G. Salvanes. NBER ... "Under Pressure? The Effect of Peers on Outcomes of Young Adults," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol ... w13292 Mechanisms and Impacts of Gender Peer Effects at School. Hoxby. w7867 Peer Effects in the Classroom: Learning from ... Despite this, very little is known about the effect of school peers on the long-run outcomes of teenagers. This is primarily ...
The result showed that the size of droplets under higher rail pressure was larger than th ... of temporal and spatial changes in the velocity and size of droplets of diesel fuel sprays under two injection pressures were ... Effect of Injection Pressure on Droplet Behavior Inside Diesel Fuel Sprays 2015-01-1841. ... Citation: Kawaharada, N., Sakaguchi, D., Ueki, H., and Ishida, M., "Effect of Injection Pressure on Droplet Behavior Inside ...
The effects of chronic stress on cardiovascular health may be a side effect of having an immune system that can fight infection ... ATLANTA, March 6 (UPI) -- The effects of chronic stress on cardiovascular health may be a side effect of having an immune ... Two hours of stress per day, for a week, results in a short-term rise in systolic blood pressure in normal mice, Marvar said. ... Several studies in animals have suggested medications now used to control blood pressure, such as angiotensin receptor blockers ...
... I have very healthy sexual appetite and my wife and I enjoy lovemaking at least two ... Now, its quite obvious to me that the pressure to perform has made you nervous - and it has made it difficult for you to get ... He was abused as a child and its affecting our sex life ... Thrush is affecting my sex life * Is this affecting my sex life ... My husbands skin problem is affecting our sex life * ... Viagra and blood pressure 5 ways to make a vaginal examination ...
... their own blood pressure may go up, a U.S. study... ... Reuters Men High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Stressed ... less is known about how these challenges affect both members of a couple, and how the spouses affect one another, over time. ... About one in three U.S. adults has high blood pressure, a serious and often silent condition that can damage the heart and ... In 2006, about one third of husbands had high blood pressure, as did 26 percent of the wives. By 2010, 37 percent of the men ...
Effect of Probiotics on Blood Pressure. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized, Controlled Trials. Saman Khalesi, ... The aim of the present systematic review was to clarify the effects of probiotics on BP using a meta-analysis of randomized, ... Meta-analysis using a random-effects model was chosen to analyze the impact of combined trials. Nine trials were included. ... Previous human clinical trials have shown that probiotic consumption may improve blood pressure (BP) control. ...
Pressure cookers are great fun. If youve never seen one they work by super heating water under pressure. The lid fits tightly ... They really are trying to take the weights off the boiling pressure cooker quietly, hoping the pressure inside wont notice ... As the steam pressure inside builds it takes more weights on top to keep it in. If you heat it up too much or get something ... What has happened is one of the weights has been taken off the pressure cooker. Sure, in some areas this makes little or no ...
THE EFFECT OF POTASSIUM AND AMMONIUM SALTS ON BLOOD PRESSURE Br Med J 1905; 1 :451 ... THE EFFECT OF POTASSIUM AND AMMONIUM SALTS ON BLOOD PRESSURE. Br Med J 1905; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2304.451-c ( ...
NOZZLE 345 PRESSURE RATIO Fig. 4. Typical curves plotting ef-fectiveness against pressure ratio for 100 mm. nozzle, using ... Further, the effect diminish*?,^, when the nozzle throat diameter exceeds 200 rt\jjfP- There is an optimum size of slot for ... The full range of pressures and slot sizes has not been explored, but a few specific per- formance points have been ob- tained ... The only practicable application of the Coanda Effect that has so far been made was initiated by IOO,/, ,/, 1 75 O UJLi. ui ...
PRESSURE FROM THE LEFT CAN HAVE AN EFFECT…. Sen. Blanche Lincoln (D) of Arkansas hasnt exactly been a reliable champion of ... Keep in mind, theres been some discussion of late about whether progressive pressure on some of the less-liberal Dems is ... Under the circumstances, Im very much inclined to think the left should keep the pressure on. It seems to be having the ...
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Side effects depend upon the specific high blood pressure medication. ... There are a variety of high blood pressure medication types and classes, for example, diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors ... Picture of Blood Pressure. The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. See a picture of Blood Pressure ... High Blood Pressure Drugs Side Effects, Types, Uses, and List of Names. *What are the common types of high blood pressure ( ...
Living in a high-crime area is associated with increased blood pressure; for each 20-incident increase per 1,000 residents, ... Living in a high-crime area is associated with increased blood pressure; for each 20-incident increase per 1,000 residents, ... Can Your Neighborhood Affect Your Blood Pressure?. Analysis by Dr. Joseph Mercola Fact Checked ... Where you live affects your physical health in myriad ways, from exposure to pollution and access to green spaces to levels of ...
phone 415-332-5461), the following are some of the effects of HPP that have been noted: • Protein Unfolding. High pressure can ... Pressure Freezing. This process can be used to produce very small ice crystals. Foods are cooled to -20ºC under pressure. Under ... Pressure Blanching. Some plant and animal enzymes are unstable enough to be inactivated to a useful low level by high pressure ... When the pressure is released, small ice crystals can form throughout the food mass to help freezing at atmospheric pressure. ...
... it affects us, it affects our fishing trips and whether we will have a successful fishing trip or not. Why does it cause ... Barometric Pressure Affect on Animals - Exotic Pets at BellaOnline ... Because of void vacuums, air pressure (barometric pressure) changes. The average or normal barometric pressure at sea level is ... Barometric Pressure Affect on Animals. Guest Author - Diana Geiger. Cold air is heavier than warm air so the warm air will rise ...
A change in temperature is known to affect the deformation properties of a clay specimen. In order to study the effect ... No comments were found for Temperature Effect on Preconsolidation Pressure. Be the first to comment! ... A change in temperature is known to affect the deformation properties of a clay specimen. In order to study the effect ... the compression modulus is little affected. Five different clays were tested, and the change in preconsolidation pressure was ...
Normal pressure hydrAtmospheric pressureEvaluatePatientsHydrostatic pressureStudyVesselHypertensionMedicationMean arterialHighMedicationsSodiumMeasurementsCardiovascularIntraocularBarometric pressureMeasurementCoronaryDecreasesChronicAtrial PressureResearchersElevationChangeBlood pressure readingsPotassiumPerson'sResearcherLeakARBsClinicalAcuteBeta blockersTemperatureInhibitorsHigherDrug'sPositive pressure veSignificantlyReadingsLowerDrugsWorsenAssessKidneysBody'sLess than 80Evaluate the effectFoundProbioticHypotensionAlcoholBehavior2018
- Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), despite its name, is an abnormal condition. (mayfieldclinic.com)
- What is normal pressure hydrocephalus? (mayfieldclinic.com)
- Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a progressive condition that occurs when there is too much cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. (mayfieldclinic.com)
- In normal pressure hydrocephalus, an excess of CSF enlarges the ventricles, stretching the brain and causing symptoms. (mayfieldclinic.com)
- Monitoring the OD 600 using a BMG LABTECH microplate reader , it was revealed that hydrostatic pressure has a marked effect on the range of NaCl concentration at which P. profundum SS9 is able to grow. (bmglabtech.com)
- When the hydrostatic pressure was increased from 0.1 MPa to 28 MPa, growth of P. profundum SS9 was largely unaffected at intermediate salt concentrations (200-400 mM NaCl), but growth was strongly inhibited at higher NaCl concentration, compared to the results at 0.1 MPa. (bmglabtech.com)
- Microorganisms display an astonishing ability to survive and proliferate under extreme environmental conditions, including high and low temperatures, high acidity or alkalinity, high salt concentrations, and high hydrostatic pressure. (bmglabtech.com)
- It has been observed that the physiological effects of increased hydrostatic pressure are similar to those of osmotic pressure (increased salt). (bmglabtech.com)
- For example, P. profundum SS9 produces a similar range of intracellular osmolytes in response to both salt and hydrostatic pressure. (bmglabtech.com)
- However, the use of a microplate reader for growth under hydrostatic pressure provides unusual challenges. (bmglabtech.com)
- The aim of this study was to compare two hemostatic techniques, minimum pressure technique and patent hemostasis, on radial artery occlusion (RAO) after transradial catheterization. (invasivecardiology.com)
- Fig. 1: The 3 litre pressure vessel used in this study. (bmglabtech.com)
- This study requires us to grow P. profundum SS9 under a range of conditions of hydrostatic and osmotic pressure in the lab. (bmglabtech.com)
- What are the common types of high blood pressure (hypertension) medications? (medicinenet.com)
- There are a number of types and classes of drugs available for the management and treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension). (medicinenet.com)
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are medications used to treat elevated blood pressure, or hypertension . (medicinenet.com)
- Researchers revealed in the American Journal of Hypertension that living in a high-crime area is associated with increased blood pressure. (mercola.com)
- The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of febuxostat, once daily (QD), compared to placebo on lowering ambulatory 24-hour mean blood pressure of participants with hypertension and hyperuricemia (not associated with gout). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Both high blood pressure (hypertension) as well as high pressure in the eye (ocular hypertension) can cause damage to the optic nerve, which may lead to glaucoma. (reference.com)
- High blood pressure, stress, smoking and other eye diseases can contribute to ocular hypertension. (reference.com)
- An eye exam can reveal whether or not a patient has high blood pressure or ocular hypertension. (reference.com)
- The precise way people develop high blood pressure, known as hypertension, is unknown, according to WebMD. (reference.com)
- High blood pressure medicine and exercise are both used to treat hypertension and are frequently prescribed together. (livestrong.com)
- It is generally safe to exercise while on blood pressure medication, and doctors often prescribe both medication and exercise to treat hypertension. (livestrong.com)
- Thiazide diuretics are one of the most widely used and effective class of medications used to treat high blood pressure for more than 50 years, and are highly effective at preventing heart attacks and strokes in patients with hypertension . (medicalnewstoday.com)
- High blood pressure , also called hypertension , is a major risk factor for heart disease , kidney disease , stroke , and heart failure . (webmd.com)
- This means that you do not have hypertension , but you are likely to develop it in the future unless you adopt lifestyle changes to keep your blood pressure under control. (webmd.com)
- Dr. Vivek Bhalla, director of the Stanford Hypertension Center in California, said it's not very likely that these blood pressure medications in themselves are harmful to COVID-19 patients. (medicinenet.com)
- DALLAS, Oct. 10, 2016 - Four commonly prescribed blood pressure medications may impact mood disorders such as depression or bipolar disorder, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Hypertension . (eurekalert.org)
- Mental health is under-recognized in hypertension clinical practice, and the possible impact of antihypertensive drugs on mental health is an area that physicians should be aware of and consider if the treatment of high blood pressure is having a negative impact on their patient's mental health," Padmanabhan said. (eurekalert.org)
- The researcher recommends repeating the present study with both men and women, as well as those who have hypertension, rather than prehypertension, and taking a look at whether the effects of massage on blood pressure may extend beyond three days. (massagemag.com)
- Blood pressure medication Lotensin is normally prescribed to lower hypertension, or high blood pressure. (newsmax.com)
- High blood pressure (hypertension) can quietly damage your body for years before symptoms develop. (mayoclinic.org)
- Hypertension gradually increases the pressure of blood flowing through your arteries. (mayoclinic.org)
- The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study found that study patients with elevated pressures (greater than 24 mm Hg) and thicker corneas, were dramatically lower risk of developing glaucoma than those patient with elevated pressures and normal or thin corneas. (aao.org)
- This study emphasizes the need to consider the environment in which the blood pressure is measured before diagnosing or eliminating hypertension," Couto said. (phys.org)
- Couto and his colleagues are now exploring whether retired racing greyhounds' hypertension resulting from this white-coat effect causes any damage to their kidneys or other organs. (phys.org)
- Regularly consuming excessive amounts of sodium, derived mainly from commercially processed food products, is an important factor in the development of the elevated blood pressure patterns,' wrote co-lead author Jeremiah Stamler, M.D. 'To prevent and control the ongoing epidemic of prehypertension and hypertension, the salt content in the food supply must be reduced significantly. (news-medical.net)
- I suspect that the people with the lowest current salt intake are those who have been diagnosed with severe hypertension (high blood pressure), and told to reduce their salt intake or they will die - and perhaps that message was delivered after a heart attack. (thenakedscientists.com)
- From April to October 2018, we implemented a blood pressure measurement quality improvement project at our Hypertension Center. (bioportfolio.com)
- The effect of different volumes of acute resistance exercise on elderly individuals with treated hypertension. (todaysdietitian.com)
- This information will provide a list of high blood pressure medication generic and brand names, their uses (treatment, management, or prevention of health problems, how they work (mechanism of action), and common side effects. (medicinenet.com)
- How Do You Lower Blood Pressure Without Medication? (reference.com)
- To lower blood pressure without medication, a person should lose weight by exercising often and eating a healthy diet, avoid sodium and alcohol, quit smoki. (reference.com)
- Therefore, it shouldn't be too difficult for you to sort out with your GP an anti-high blood pressure medication that doesn't interfere with your love life. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- If you are on medication for high blood pressure, talk to your doctor before starting an exercise program, because certain side effects like fatigue or dizziness may impact the types of exercise you are able to do. (livestrong.com)
- If you are already taking medication for high blood pressure, adding regular exercise may help you to lower the dose. (livestrong.com)
- That said, before starting an exercise program while taking any type of medication, ask your doctor if exercising will make the medication work differently if your medication will affect your body's reaction to exercise. (livestrong.com)
- however, many people have no adverse side effects with high blood pressure medication. (livestrong.com)
- If you have high blood pressure, it is important to start exercising slowly, regardless of whether you are taking medication, according to the American Heart Association. (livestrong.com)
- In addition to exercise and high blood pressure medication, your doctor may recommend other lifestyle changes that can help reduce your blood pressure. (livestrong.com)
- Some patients may have a genetic risk of developing a serious side effect to a type of medication commonly used to treat high blood pressure , research by clinicians and scientists at the University of Nottingham has found. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The study - the largest study on thiazide induced hyponatraemia published to date - could lead to the identification of patients at increased risk of thiazide induced hyponatraemia before medication is prescribed, and aid the design of new thiazide-like anti-hypertensive medications which are less likely to produce this adverse effect. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Patients who experienced this side effect continue to display more subtle differences in their blood and urine tests long after the thiazide medication has been stopped, suggesting that such abnormalities may be present before medication was started. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- If they contract COVID-19, people with high blood pressure should talk with their doctor for guidance on taking their medication, Bhalla said. (medicinenet.com)
- However, if folks feel that they are not eating as much as they normally do, or have symptoms that lead to dehydration , such as vomiting , diarrhea , bleeding, or excessive sweating , then it is very reasonable to temporarily hold their higher blood pressure medication until their symptoms resolve. (medicinenet.com)
- Alcohol can also impact people who are taking medication in order to lower their chronically high blood pressure, since alcohol can interfere with drugs that are designed to lower blood pressure. (livestrong.com)
- Because the medication is not working effectively, the blood pressure of those who take these drugs can rise even more. (livestrong.com)
- We also need a stronger healthcare system, to identify people with high blood pressure earlier, and improve access to treatment and medication. (eurekalert.org)
- As with all medication, it's important to know the benefits and potential side effects. (newsmax.com)
- The following benefits of Lotensin as a blood pressure medication have been reported by pharmacists at Iodine.com . (newsmax.com)
- Though Lotensin is often prescribed to prevent or treat kidney problems, the blood pressure medication can cause kidney problems or worsen existing kidney conditions, says WebMD. (newsmax.com)
- This blood pressure medication should not be taken during pregnancy. (newsmax.com)
- Drugs.com has reported the following food and disease interactions while taking this blood pressure medication. (newsmax.com)
- Seek the advice of a medical professional prior to taking medication for high blood pressure. (newsmax.com)
- Common in nearly every medication, side effects are no stranger to blood pressure medications as every blood pressure medication has some kind of side effects. (ehow.co.uk)
- Which blood pressure medication that has the lowest side effects depends on how you react to specific medications and what side effects you find most bothersome. (ehow.co.uk)
- Diuretics have the lowest side effects of any blood pressure medication and thus are commonly the first course of medicinal attack to get high blood pressure under control. (ehow.co.uk)
- Diuretics are often paired with another prescription blood pressure medication to compliment to lower your blood pressure effectively. (ehow.co.uk)
- Because diuretics are commonly prescribed with another medication to work effectively, you may not be able to rely solely on diuretics to control your blood pressure. (ehow.co.uk)
- While beta blocker medication may work successfully with diuretics, beta blockers come with some side effects such as fatigue, cold hands and feet, depression, slow heartbeat and asthma symptoms. (ehow.co.uk)
- As blood-pressure drug recall widens, doctors say patients should pay attention, but warned against dropping a medication without professional guidance. (democratandchronicle.com)
- Doctors: Blood pressure drug substitutes are available for patients affected by recalls As blood-pressure drug recall widens, doctors say patients should pay attention, but warned against dropping a medication without professional guidance. (democratandchronicle.com)
- Doctors say patients with high blood pressure should pay attention to and be ready to act on the trickle of drug recalls involving a commonly prescribed type of blood pressure medication - but warned against dropping a medicine without consulting a physician or pharmacist. (democratandchronicle.com)
- The systolic and mean arterial pressures, as well as heart rate readings, taken in the hospital were significantly higher than all of those same measures taken in the home environment. (phys.org)
- Beat-by-beat mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were analysed across CAs, and spontaneous and movement-induced events were compared using two-way analysis of variance with post hoc analyses. (ingentaconnect.com)
- The U.S. Bureau of Mines conducted a study to determine if commercially available automatic sprinklers could withstand the high static pressures in deep underground coal mines without leaking and if exposure to the mine environment affected their leak pressures. (cdc.gov)
- The mine environment affected the ability of 66% of the sprinklers to withstand high static pressures. (cdc.gov)
- Dr. David Harrison , who moved from Emory to Vanderbilt University last year, Marvar and colleagues had previously shown T cells are needed for the increase in blood pressure coming from high dietary salt or the hormone angiotensin, which regulates blood pressure. (upi.com)
- About one in three U.S. adults has high blood pressure, a serious and often silent condition that can damage the heart and blood vessels, and lead to stroke, kidney failure and other problems, according to the National Institutes of Health. (huffingtonpost.com)
- In 2006, about one third of husbands had high blood pressure, as did 26 percent of the wives. (huffingtonpost.com)
- By 2010, 37 percent of the men and 30 percent of the women had high blood pressure. (huffingtonpost.com)
- The wives' stress was more likely to be linked to high blood pressure in their spouses when the men were unhappy with the relationship. (huffingtonpost.com)
- That study included 188 men and women age 55 and older, with slightly high blood pressure. (huffingtonpost.com)
- Without going into the physics of fluid flow, the '' Coanda Effect'' can best be described as the phenomenon which occurs when a fluid stream is ejected at high speed from a slot, one wall of which is developed into one-half of a divergent passage. (flightglobal.com)
- In addition, the progression of kidney disease due to high blood pressure or diabetes is slowed. (medicinenet.com)
- Nonthermal processing technologies include high-hydrostatic-pressure or high-pressure processing (HPP), pulsed electric fields (PEF), irradiation, and several others. (ift.org)
- High pressure can unfold proteins in a somewhat controlled manner as a function of pressure and temperature. (ift.org)
- Farkas says that there is a company, pressurebiosciences.com , that makes high-pressure equipment just to unfold proteins. (ift.org)
- Under a pressure of 27,000 psi, the water remains in liquid form because the high pressure counters the expansion of water when it tries to freeze during cooling. (ift.org)
- Also, foods can be thawed quickly using pressure thawing by reversing the process, i.e., applying high pressure to frozen foods and then warming. (ift.org)
- Some plant and animal enzymes are unstable enough to be inactivated to a useful low level by high pressure. (ift.org)
- Nov. 20 -- Emergency room visits for high blood pressure surged following last year's recall of the popular heart drug valsartan, Canadian researchers report. (upi.com)
- Within the first month of the recall, there was a 55 percent increase of people coming to Ontario-area emergency departments complaining of high blood pressure, said lead researcher Cynthia Jackevicius. (upi.com)
- However, there were also probably quite a few who stopped taking the drug altogether and suffered symptoms related to high blood pressure, Jackevicius and Walsh said. (upi.com)
- High blood pressure can contribute to the development of both main types of glaucoma. (reference.com)
- What are the symptoms of high blood pressure? (reference.com)
- How do you get high blood pressure? (reference.com)
- What are the causes of high blood pressure? (reference.com)
- Experts recommend individuals with high blood pressure avoid alcohol or only drink moderate amounts. (reference.com)
- however, Mayo Clinic advises heavy drinkers to gradually reduce alcohol intake rather than suddenly stop, as the sudden change in habits risks severely high blood pressure for several days. (reference.com)
- Does Wine Cause High Blood Pressure? (reference.com)
- Recently I have doubled up on the ramipril tablets as my blood pressure is high again through stress of my relationship ending. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Exercise is integral in the treatment of high blood pressure because it strengthens the heart, reduces stress and promotes weight loss. (livestrong.com)
- Getting 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week can prevent you from ever getting high blood pressure in the first place. (livestrong.com)
- What Blood Pressure Is Considered Too High? (webmd.com)
- A blood pressure of 130/80 or higher is considered high. (webmd.com)
- How Can I Prevent High Blood Pressure? (webmd.com)
- These changes are also recommended for treating high blood pressure , although medicine is often added as part of the treatment. (webmd.com)
- In fact, being overweight can make you more likely to develop high blood pressure than if you are at your desirable weight. (webmd.com)
- You can reduce your risk of high blood pressure by losing weight . (webmd.com)
- Even small amounts of weight loss can make a big difference in helping to prevent and treat high blood pressure. (webmd.com)
- People who are physically active have a lower risk of getting high blood pressure than people who are not active. (webmd.com)
- Often, when people with high blood pressure cut back on salt, their blood pressure falls. (webmd.com)
- Since there's really no practical way to predict exactly who will be affected by sodium, it makes sense for everyone to limit intake of salt to help prevent high blood pressure. (webmd.com)
- People with high blood pressure tend to fare worse when infected with COVID-19 , and the chronic condition can complicate their treatment in unexpected ways, new research shows. (medicinenet.com)
- High blood pressure is the most common chronic health condition among COVID-19 patients who require hospitalization, according to one of three studies presented at a virtual meeting of the American Heart Association on Thursday. (medicinenet.com)
- Among more than 11,000 people across 22 studies from eight countries, 42% of COVID-19 patients had high blood pressure , the researchers found. (medicinenet.com)
- High blood pressure on its own was associated with a higher likelihood of death, the combined results showed. (medicinenet.com)
- However, it's not high blood pressure itself that presents the most danger to COVID-19 patients. (medicinenet.com)
- Overall, having a history of high blood pressure increased a person's risk of kidney injury about fivefold, the Italian study found. (medicinenet.com)
- For example, patients with [ high blood pressure ] or diabetes have worse outcomes with COVID-19, and these are the same patients that are commonly prescribed ACE inhibitors and ARBs ,' Bhalla said. (medicinenet.com)
- Although your blood pressure may return to normal after a night of heavy drinking if you only drink too much alcohol sporadically, drinking excessive amounts of alcohol over the long term causes chronic high blood pressure. (livestrong.com)
- With the increase of the hydrostatic pressure, the magnetic state of Eu in Eu(Fe 0.925 Co 0.075 ) 2 As 2 evolves from the canted AFM structure in the ground state, via a pure FM structure under the intermediate pressure, finally to an "unconfirmed" AFM structure under the high pressure. (fz-juelich.de)
- Still, low blood pressure is not as serious of a concern for the pregnant woman as high blood pressure is. (thelaboroflove.com)
- Low blood pressure during pregnancy is not as common as high blood pressure during pregnancy, either. (thelaboroflove.com)
- My blood pressure went up to around 164/ 88 which is really high for me. (drugs.com)
- Does high blood pressure side effect happen with all inhaled corticosteroids? (drugs.com)
- Has anyone experienced high blood pressure with prolonged use of budesonide? (drugs.com)
- High Blood Pressure - will wellbutrin xr 300 mg makr bp higher? (drugs.com)
- How long does it take before atenelol will take effect for high blood pressure? (drugs.com)
- I currently take the following medications for high blood pressure. (drugs.com)
- How to treat A fib and high blood pressure together? (drugs.com)
- The study, led by scientists at Imperial College London, reveals the number of people with high blood pressure has nearly doubled in 40 years. (eurekalert.org)
- The findings, published in the journal The Lancet , showed that while blood pressure has dropped sharply in high-income countries, it has risen in many low and middle-income countries, especially those in Africa and South Asia. (eurekalert.org)
- The UK was found to be the European country with the lowest proportion of people with high blood pressure in 2015, while South Korea, USA and Canada were lowest in the world. (eurekalert.org)
- Professor Majid Ezzati, senior author of the study at the School of Public Health at Imperial said: "High blood pressure is no longer related to affluence - as it was in 1975 - but is now a major health issue linked with poverty. (eurekalert.org)
- These factors may have helped counteract rising obesity, which is a risk factor for high blood pressure. (eurekalert.org)
- Professor Ezzati added that poor nutrition in childhood in low income countries may also play a role in the study findings: "Increasing evidence suggests poor nutrition in early life years increases risk of the high blood pressure in later life, which may explain the growing problem in poor countries. (eurekalert.org)
- Over half of the world's adults with high blood pressure in 2015 lived in Asia. (eurekalert.org)
- Around 226 million people in China have high blood pressure, along with 200 million in India. (eurekalert.org)
- The study showed that much of the rise in the number of people with high blood pressure over the last 40 years is also due to a larger, and older, world population. (eurekalert.org)
- High blood pressure puts extra strain on the blood vessels and major organs such as heart, brain and kidneys. (eurekalert.org)
- High blood pressure is defined as 140/90 mmHg or higher. (eurekalert.org)
- The country with the highest age-corrected proportion of men with high blood pressure in 2015 was Croatia (38 per cent of the population), while Niger had the highest proportion of women with high blood pressure (36 per cent). (eurekalert.org)
- Tackling the epidemic of high blood pressure in low and middle-income countries is one of the most pressing global health challenges, added Professor Ezzati. (eurekalert.org)
- Without these measures, the world is unlikely to achieve the World Health Organization's target of reducing the proportion of people with high blood pressure by 25 per cent by 2025. (eurekalert.org)
- High blood pressure is a risk factor for more than heart disease. (mayoclinic.org)
- Discover what complications high blood pressure can cause. (mayoclinic.org)
- Treatment and lifestyle changes can help control your high blood pressure to reduce your risk of life-threatening complications. (mayoclinic.org)
- Here's a look at the complications high blood pressure can cause when it's not effectively controlled. (mayoclinic.org)
- High blood pressure can damage the cells of your arteries' inner lining. (mayoclinic.org)
- High blood pressure forces your heart to work harder than necessary in order to pump blood to the rest of your body. (mayoclinic.org)
- Over time, the strain on your heart caused by high blood pressure can cause your heart muscle to weaken and work less efficiently. (mayoclinic.org)
- It's often caused by atherosclerosis or a blood clot - both of which can arise from high blood pressure. (mayoclinic.org)
- Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to stroke by damaging and weakening your brain's blood vessels, causing them to narrow, rupture or leak. (mayoclinic.org)
- High blood pressure can also cause blood clots to form in the arteries leading to your brain, blocking blood flow and potentially causing a stroke. (mayoclinic.org)
- In either case, high blood pressure may be the culprit. (mayoclinic.org)
- Like dementia, it can result from blocked blood flow to the brain when high blood pressure damages arteries. (mayoclinic.org)
- High blood pressure can injure both the blood vessels in and leading to your kidneys, causing several types of kidney disease (nephropathy). (mayoclinic.org)
- Having diabetes in addition to high blood pressure can worsen the damage. (mayoclinic.org)
- Couto, an oncologist, is leading a number of studies on these animals to gauge the effects of racing on their health, as well as likely genetic contributions to their high risk for bone cancer. (phys.org)
- Teva Pharmaceuticals has launched a voluntary recall into two drugs used to treat high blood pressure as more medications face concerns over a possible cancer risk. (democratandchronicle.com)
- These are recommended as first line therapy for high blood pressure," said Carey, who co-chaired the clinical practice committee of the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology. (democratandchronicle.com)
- Notably, when the mice were returned to a normal diet for four weeks, cerebral blood flow, NO production, and behavior all recovered, indicating that the effects of high salt consumption are reversible, at least in the short term. (alzforum.org)
- They made normal amounts of NO and maintained brain blood flow and memory, showing that restoring NO levels was sufficient to counteract the negative effects of high salt intake. (alzforum.org)
- High Pressure Chemistry and Biochemistry ,D. Reidel Publishing Company, Boston (1986). (springer.com)
- 1) Those with a short-term low salt intake who are suffering the effects of a lifetime of high salt intake and a previous heart attack. (thenakedscientists.com)
- Evidence for the role of dietary sodium in high blood pressure comes from animal and clinical studies, clinical trials, and genetic, epidemiological, and anthropological findings. (ahajournals.org)
- 1-15 In preliterate societies in which sodium excretion is low (1 to 10 mmol/d) and potassium excretion is high (80 to 200 mmol/d), blood pressure does not rise with age, and incidence of cardiovascular disease is low. (ahajournals.org)
- Since you presumably have access to teh external surface I would still wonder why you are not AUT mapping the affected area or is your suspected hydrogen charging rate so high you fear rapid propogation. (ndt.net)
- Eating foods rich in potassium may help protect you from high blood pressure. (howstuffworks.com)
- If you have high blood pressure, eating foods rich in potassium may lower your blood pressure to some degree. (howstuffworks.com)
- Can caffeine cause high blood pressure? (drowsydriving.org)
- Treatment, and more: Dr. Chilakapati on can fatigue cause high blood pressure: and your blood pressure has not responded, either you HealthTap phenergan use in pregnancy does not. (drowsydriving.org)
- Caffeine can cause a short, but dramatic increase in your blood phenergan allergic reaction pressure, even if you don't have high blood pressure. (drowsydriving.org)
- 1 cause of death associated with high blood pressure. (drowsydriving.org)
- How Alcohol Affects If you have high blood pressure, you're also more at risk of having a heart. (drowsydriving.org)
- Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. (bioportfolio.com)
- High sensitivity fiber optic Fabry Perot pressure sensors for medical. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- We study the pressure and temperature dependence of RecA binding to single-stranded DNA in the presence of adenosine 5'-[γ-thio]triphosphate (ATP[γ-S]), in a temperature regulated high pressure cell using fluorescence anisotropy. (pnas.org)
- Several studies in animals have suggested medications now used to control blood pressure, such as angiotensin receptor blockers or ACE inhibitors, might also be helpful in the reduction of stress and anxiety, Marvar said. (upi.com)
- Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are blood pressure medications that inhibit the activity of the enzyme angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), which is important for controlling blood pressure. (medicinenet.com)
- As a result, these medications cause the blood vessels to enlarge or dilate, and this reduces blood pressure. (medicinenet.com)
- Taking other blood pressure medications in combination with a calcium channel blocker may cause a sudden drop in blood pressure. (webmd.com)
- First of all, many blood pressure medications cause male sexual problems. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- However, all medications pose some risk of side effects and blood pressure medicine is no exception. (livestrong.com)
- For example, some COVID-19 patients must be taken off their blood pressure medications if their blood pressure falls to dangerously low levels, a condition called hypotension . (medicinenet.com)
- Other blood pressure medications may be associated with severity of COVID-19 if one considers that low blood pressure , perhaps due to use of these medications, may be associated with higher mortality. (medicinenet.com)
- Using sleeping pills on a regular basis is linked to the use of an increasing number of blood pressure medications over time, finds a new study. (ndtv.com)
- Most commonly prescribed blood pressure medications have an array of similar side effects. (ehow.co.uk)
- Although diuretics have the least side effects of blood pressure medications, they are not without side effects. (ehow.co.uk)
- FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb told USA TODAY this month that the agency is increasing its focus on drug quality to guard against the manufacturing problems that are suspected as the source of impurities found in the recalled blood pressure medications. (democratandchronicle.com)
- The authors noted that the reduction in blood pressure 60 minutes postexercise is similar to previous observations in middle-aged women on hypertensive medications who performed three sets of 20 repetitions of six exercises.2 This study appears to be the first to look at exercise volume in hypertensive older adults. (todaysdietitian.com)
- EDITOR, - In their paper on the effect of a reduced sodium and increased potassium and magnesium intake on blood pressure J M Geleijnse and colleagues do not adequately deal with several methodological issues which could potentially confound their findings. (bmj.com)
- The research - a culmination of 15 years of work - has revealed that a small minority of patients are genetically predisposed to developing a side effect called thiazide induced hyponatraemia, a condition of low sodium salt concentration in the blood caused by thiazide diuretics. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Although the vast majority of patients do not experience side effects, a small minority do, of which Thiazide Induced Hyponatraemia (TIH, a low concentration of sodium salt in the blood) is amongst the most common and medically serious. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Some people, like African-Americans and the elderly, may be more affected by sodium than others. (webmd.com)
- Diuretics lower blood pressure by reducing the levels of sodium and water in the body, Thiazide diuretics are also the only diuretics that help to lower blood pressure by dilating the body's blood vessels. (ehow.co.uk)
- Researchers reviewed data on sodium intake and intake of 80 nutrients, such as proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and amino acids, that may relate to blood pressure in 4,680 women and men (ages 40-59) in Japan, People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom and the United States participating in the INTERMAP study. (news-medical.net)
- Researchers concluded that other dietary nutrients may not reduce the detrimental effects of sodium. (news-medical.net)
- We're learning more about the role other nutrients play in influencing the blood pressure-raising effects of sodium, and that the focus on sodium remains important,' said Cheryl Anderson, Ph.D., vice-chair of the American Heart Association's Nutrition Committee. (news-medical.net)
- According to a new study, lowering sodium intake does NOT decrease blood pressure. (thenakedscientists.com)
- Re: How does sodium intake affect blood pressure? (thenakedscientists.com)
- Higher sodium intake associated with lower blood pressure. (thenakedscientists.com)
- Effects of more modest alterations to sodium intakes in chimpanzees, akin to current efforts to lower sodium intakes in the human population, are unknown. (ahajournals.org)
- For systolic pressure, estimates were −12.7 mm Hg (95% confidence interval, −16.9 to −8.5, adjusted) per 100 mmol/d lower sodium in Gabon and −10.9 mm Hg (95% confidence interval, −18.9 to −2.9, unadjusted) and −5.7 mm Hg (95% confidence interval, −12.2 to 0.7, adjusted) for sodium intake lower by 122 mmol/d in Bastrop. (ahajournals.org)
- 1,16-19 When populations migrate to a more urbanized environment, blood pressure rises over a period of months, 20 associated with an increase in dietary sodium and other dietary and lifestyle changes. (ahajournals.org)
- 3,4,6 Well-conducted short-term trials have found greater blood pressure lowering for sodium reductions to ≈50 to 60 mmol/d. 11,12 Studies of higher primates provide the opportunity to alter dietary sodium experimentally for prolonged periods in the species genetically closest to humans. (ahajournals.org)
- We also assessed the effect of hypertonic saline on intraparenchymal pressure in different brain regions and on regional brain distribution of sodium within the brain. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Intraparenchymal pressure measurements were recorded for 3 more hours after administration of 23.4% sodium chloride. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Administration of 23.4% sodium chloride immediately reduced intraparenchymal pressure in each compartment. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Measurements of temporal and spatial changes in the velocity and size of droplets of diesel fuel sprays under two injection pressures were conducted near the nozzle orifice by a laser 2-focus velocimeter (L2F). (sae.org)
- The findings were revealed when researchers from the University of Chicago analyzed blood pressure measurements from 17,783 adults during a surge in violent crimes that occurred in Chicago from 2014 to 2016. (mercola.com)
- The effects of hydrostatic pressure on the static magnetism in non-superconducting Eu(Fe 0.925 Co 0.075 ) 2 As 2 are investigated by complementary electrical resistivity, ac magnetic susceptibility and single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements. (fz-juelich.de)
- The largest ever study of its kind, the research involved the World Health Organization and hundreds of scientists throughout the world, and incorporated blood pressure measurements from nearly 20 million people. (eurekalert.org)
- Measurements of intracranial liquor pressure were made during i.v. molsidomine administration in pentobarbital anaesthetized beagle dogs without thoracotomy, and compared with those after nitroglycerin. (springer.com)
- It may be that the doctor performed several pressure measurements and pachymetry measurements (to determine your corneal thickness) and in so doing, irritated the surface of cornea a bit. (aao.org)
- In-home blood pressure readings were taken between seven and 28 days after the hospital measurements to avoid any effects of the dogs' blood donations during their hospital stays. (phys.org)
- Measurements were possible at temperatures between 5-60 °C and pressures up to 300 MPa. (pnas.org)
- ATLANTA, March 6 (UPI) -- The effects of chronic stress on cardiovascular health may be a side effect of having an immune system that can fight infection, U.S. researchers said. (upi.com)
- A variety of studies showed that it cause significant weight loss, recovery from diabetes and improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, such as blood pressure. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Research has shown that blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes, obesity, elevated cholesterol, can affect your memory and your thinking ability in the future. (go.com)
- "This suggests that the different plant phenols must be differentiated with respect to their blood pressure-lowering potential and thus cardiovascular disease prevention, supposing that the tea phenols are less active than cocoa phenols," wrote the authors. (nutraingredients.com)
- Vatner SF (1978) Effects of anesthesia on cardiovascular control mechnisms. (springer.com)
- Other significant effects include a slowing of cardiovascular system functions, decreased production of red blood cells, balance disorders, eyesight disorders and a weakening of the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
- How Does Cornea Thickness Affect Intraocular Pressure? (aao.org)
- You are correct that intraocular pressures are typically less than 20. (aao.org)
- Effect of pindolol on intraocular pressure. (bmj.com)
- Pindolol, a strong beta-adrenergic blocking agent, instilled into the conjunctival sac of normal and glaucomatous eyes, produced a significant drop in intraocular pressure. (bmj.com)
- Barometric pressure changes affect air density, leading to change in the mass of the gas in the gob. (cdc.gov)
- If there is no barometric pressure change, the intake airflow rate is equal to the return airflow rate. (cdc.gov)
- When the barometric pressure changes, these two airflow rates are no longer equal, and the difference between the two airflow rates represents the airflow rate the gob breathes in and out. (cdc.gov)
- The effect of barometric pressure changes on the spontaneous heating was found to be dependent on the gob permeability and the coal oxidation rate. (cdc.gov)
- The effect of barometric pressure changes on oxygen concentrations in the gob was also examined. (cdc.gov)
- Because of void vacuums, air pressure (barometric pressure) changes. (bellaonline.com)
- The average or normal barometric pressure at sea level is 29.92 inches of mercury. (bellaonline.com)
- Or was it the barometric pressure? (bellaonline.com)
- Now we are down to the barometric pressure affecting the fishing, or because I was in pain, I was not as good at fishing. (bellaonline.com)
- Does the barometric pressure have an effect on exotic pets or any pets for that matter? (bellaonline.com)
- I have heard from hedgehog owners that barometric pressure can induce very inactive periods almost like hibernation. (bellaonline.com)
- It would be interesting to gather information from exotic pet owners and pet owners on their observations of barometric pressure changes on animals how barometric pressure affects our exotic pets? (bellaonline.com)
- However, that pressure measurement can be falsely elevated by a thicker, and potentially more rigid cornea. (aao.org)
- Regional cerebral perfusion pressure was calculated for each intraparenchymal pressure measurement. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Comparison of routine and automated office blood pressure measurement. (bioportfolio.com)
- The pressure measurement range of this device is 40 to 350 N. The detection sensitivity 0.4 ns/N can be realized in this system. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- Fiedler VB, Nitz RE (1981) Effects of molsidomine, nitroglycerin, and isosorbide dinitrate on the coronary circulation, myocardial oxygen consumption, and haemodynamics in anaesthetized dogs. (springer.com)
- Yeager JC, Haddy FJ (1977) The effects of thoracotomy on coronary blood flow in the dog. (springer.com)
- Coronary artery disease affects the arteries that supply blood to your heart muscle. (mayoclinic.org)
- The acute physiologic effects of the aorta to coronary sinus anastomosis of Beck have been studied. (ahajournals.org)
- Now I have just started to work as a training engineer and I just saw they solved this situation using pressure regulator which decreases the pressure of water for 6 bar to 4 bar. (physicsforums.com)
- At atmospheric pressure, E. coli RecA binding decreases monotonically up to 42 °C, where a sharp transition to the unbound state indicates irreversible heat inactivation. (pnas.org)
- The next most common chronic illness was diabetes , which affected 23% of the patients. (medicinenet.com)
- it also causes long-term chronic effects if you drink it regularly in large amounts. (livestrong.com)
- Researchers from Laval University, Quebec say that chronic job stress can raise blood pressure. (medindia.net)
- Smoking most commonly leads to diseases affecting the heart and lungs and will most commonly affect areas such as hands or feet with first signs of smoking related health issues showing up as numbness, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and cancer, particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, and pancreatic cancer. (wikipedia.org)
- In the immediate aftermath of the recall, people swarmed Ontario emergency departments for blood pressure treatment, the researchers found. (upi.com)
- Researchers from the University Hospital of Cologne pooled data from five studies of the effects of cocoa on blood pressure involving 173 participants, and found that consumption of cocoa had significant positive effects on blood pressure. (nutraingredients.com)
- According to the researchers, this finding suggested that acclimation to the clinical environment did affect this particular stress response. (phys.org)
- The researchers also found that the limb used to measure blood pressure affected the results. (phys.org)
- Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause an unsafe elevation in blood pressure, according to Mayo Clinic. (reference.com)
- Sadoshima S, Thames M, Heistad D (1981) Cerebral blood flow during elevation of intracranial pressure: role of sympathetic nerves. (springer.com)
- What many studies have shown over decades is that blood pressure elevation with age is proportional to salt intake. (thenakedscientists.com)
- A higher elevation in intraparenchymal pressure was recorded in the perihematoma region during the introduction of the hematoma compared with other compartments. (unboundmedicine.com)
- A change in temperature is known to affect the deformation properties of a clay specimen. (environmental-expert.com)
- Five different clays were tested, and the change in preconsolidation pressure was found to be larger for higher clay content of the specimen. (environmental-expert.com)
- I haven't done too many searches, but it seems like vapor pressure is not talked about too much in melting phase change. (physicsforums.com)
- The change of the phase equilibrium line with pressure is given by the Clausium Clapeyron equation dT/dp=T Delta V_m /Q_m, where Delta V_m is the difference of molar Volumes of the two phases and Q_m the heat of melting. (physicsforums.com)
- Your doctor may want to change the dosage if the drug isn't having the intended effect. (webmd.com)
- How Does Blood Pressure Change During Exercise? (livestrong.com)
- Central banks, whether independent or not, may occasionally be subject to external pressures to change policy objectives. (repec.org)
- Magmatic differentiation is a change in magmatic composition, whether it is chemistry, temperature, pressure or anything else. (bartleby.com)
- Effect of altitude change on MAST suit pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
- found that the irreducible water saturation appeared to increase significantly with temperature-level increase and speculated that capillary pressure saturation data would also change to show this effect. (onepetro.org)
- The 'Greta effect' has stirred up a new sense of urgency over climate change, one fed largely by a freshly coined term: flight shame. (canadianbusiness.com)
- The deficits had nothing to do with blood pressure, since that did not change. (alzforum.org)
- Promethazine (Phenergan) it does phenergan affect your blood pressure can help with allergic skin conditions or reactions to blood Some treatments might also change the way promethazine affects you. (drowsydriving.org)
- A team like Ferrari traditionally has more pressure than any other team - that will never change. (formula1.com)
- Blood pressure readings recorded in a home were similar when taken by either a veterinary student or the dog's owner. (phys.org)
- Some animals' blood pressure readings normalize after they've had time to acclimate to the hospital setting, but in these greyhounds, that trend is less common. (phys.org)
- 10 Factors That Can Affect Blood Pressure Readings. (drowsydriving.org)
- The average leak pressures of the new sprinklers ranged from 640 to 2,300 psig and were significantly different for sprinklers from different manufacturers and for different types of sprinklers. (cdc.gov)
- The average leak pressures of the sprinklers exposed to the mine environment ranged from 740 to 1,180 psig. (cdc.gov)
- ARBs have effects similar to ACE inhibitors, but ACE inhibitors act by preventing the formation of angiotensin II rather than by blocking the binding of angiotensin II to muscles on blood vessels. (medicinenet.com)
- ARBs and another class of blood-pressure drugs called angiotensin converting-enzyme inhibitors, or ACE inhibitors, are often the first drugs doctors recommend to lower a patient's blood pressure, according to Dr. Robert M. Carey, dean emeritus at the University of Virginia College of Medicine. (democratandchronicle.com)
- Previous human clinical trials have shown that probiotic consumption may improve blood pressure (BP) control. (ahajournals.org)
- Effect of cinnamon supplementation on blood pressure and anthropometric parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Acute hemodynamic effects and clinical efficacy. (springer.com)
- Children underwent routine clinical polysomnography with continuous blood pressure (BP) recordings. (ingentaconnect.com)
- We speculate that the potential importance of regional intraparenchymal pressure differences in the clinical settings may be under appreciated. (unboundmedicine.com)
- By blocking the effect of norepinephrine and epinephrine, beta blockers reduce blood pressure by dilating blood vessels and reducing heart rate. (medicinenet.com)
- Polyphenol-rich dark chocolate could reduce blood pressure to the same extent as beta-blockers, suggests a new meta-analysis from Germany. (nutraingredients.com)
- Beta blockers work by reducing the nerve signals to the heart and blood vessels, which, in turn, lowers your blood pressure. (ehow.co.uk)
- As the water boils you add weights to the spindle which stop the steam escaping, so the pressure inside builds up and the water boils at a higher temperature. (ukcia.org)
- No comments were found for Temperature Effect on Preconsolidation Pressure . (environmental-expert.com)
- the magma body and can show magmatic differentiation processes such as magma mixing and changes in temperature, pressure and water content (Churikova et al. (bartleby.com)
- A specific pressure-temperature (P-T) phase diagram of is established, as shown in the figure. (fz-juelich.de)
- There appears to be no systematic studies of the effect of temperature level upon capillary pressure. (onepetro.org)
- Equipment was constructed to permit measuring capillary pressures for simple systems at temperatures ranging from room temperature to about 350 deg. (onepetro.org)
- F. Drainage and imbibition capillary pressure curves were measured for three consolidated pressure curves were measured for three consolidated sandstones and one limestone sample, at either three or four temperature levels form 70 deg to 325 deg F. Fluid used were a filtered white oil and distilled water. (onepetro.org)
- All capillary pressure-saturation curves for the various isotherms were found to lie within the envelope of the room-temperature drainage and imbibition curves. (onepetro.org)
- The teeth are also susceptible to pressure and volume changes, as well as temperature changes that may be a part of diving in cold waters. (rochester.edu)
- For E. coli RecA at a given temperature, binding is a monotonically decreasing and reversible function of pressure. (pnas.org)
- Furthermore, we find that binding occurs for a wider range of pressure and temperature for T. thermophilus compared to E. coli RecA, suggesting a correlation between thermophilicity and barophilicity. (pnas.org)
- Our results of the binding of RecA from E. coli and T. thermophilus show adaptation to pressure and temperature at the single protein level. (pnas.org)
- It must also maintain temperature and pressure within acceptable limits and deal with the body's waste products. (wikipedia.org)
- The environment of space is lethal without appropriate protection: the greatest threat in the vacuum of space derives from the lack of oxygen and pressure, although temperature and radiation also pose risks. (wikipedia.org)
- Generally, standard-response sprinklers withstood higher pressures than fast-response sprinklers. (cdc.gov)
- The result showed that the size of droplets under higher rail pressure was larger than that under lower rail pressure at the spray center and was smaller than that under lower rail pressure at the spray periphery. (sae.org)
- In addition, negative marital quality experienced by only one member of the couple was not associated with blood pressure, but when both members of the couple reported higher negative marital quality they both had higher blood pressure," added Birditt. (huffingtonpost.com)
- I know this happens because boiling takes place at temp where vapour pressure of liquid state is equal to external pressure and since external pressure is higher , the liquid will boil at a higher vapour pressure.And since vapour pressure is proportional to temp , a higher temp is needed to boil the liquid. (physicsforums.com)
- These studies show if their blood pressure is low when they present at a hospital, then they have a higher risk of having worse complications and likely worse chance of survival,' said Dr. Benjamin Hirsh, director of preventive cardiology at Northwell Health's Sandra Atlas Bass Heart Hospital in Manhasset, N.Y. (medicinenet.com)
- This in turn causes the air pressure under the disk to be higher than the air pressure over the top of the disk, thereby creating the effect of an upward air vacuum. (bartleby.com)
- Although there have been capillary pressure-saturation studies which show important pressure-saturation studies which show important differences between laboratory and reservoir conditions (presumably higher temperatures), the effects have usually been attributed to adsorption and desorption of polar components from the liquid phases. (onepetro.org)
- Is higher blood pressure a common side effect? (drugs.com)
- The research, funded by the Wellcome Trust, also revealed men had higher blood pressure than women in most countries in the world in 2015. (eurekalert.org)
- The average systolic arterial pressure the top number in a blood pressure reading in the dogs was about 30 points higher in a veterinary clinic when compared to blood pressure recorded at home. (phys.org)
- It was an unusually large recall that involved intense media interest, and Jackevicius and her colleagues wondered how it might have affected the drug's users. (upi.com)
- The purpose of this public workshop is to bring the stakeholder community together to discuss the premarketing assessment of a drug's effect on blood pressure. (constantcontact.com)
- The stressed out women, however, had lower blood pressure when their husbands were also under a lot of stress. (huffingtonpost.com)
- had lower systolic blood pressure levels than those who ate the apples. (huffingtonpost.com)
- This lower blood pressure makes it easier for the heart to pump blood and can improve the function of a failing heart. (medicinenet.com)
- Calcium channel blockers are drugs used to lower blood pressure . (webmd.com)
- Therefore, this research is designed to observe whether bariatric surgery reduce blood pressure in patients with diabetes and relatively lower BMI. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Exercise can also lower blood pressure. (webmd.com)
- Jobst Standard Antishock Air Pants were applied to the lower half of a Resusci-Anne dummy and inflated to 30 mm Hg of pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
- According to WebMD , Lotensin is often prescribed to lower blood pressure to help prevent strokes, heart attacks, and problems with the kidneys. (newsmax.com)
- Preventing calcium from going into the heart and blood vessels, calcium channel blockers can be utilised with the aid of diuretics to lower your blood pressure. (ehow.co.uk)
- Kiwifruit contains bioactive substances that may lower blood pressure (BP) and improve endothelial function. (greenmedinfo.com)
- If you do reduce salt intake - the guidance suggests that 1 gram per day is ideal - then some of the age-related blood pressure increase can be prevented, which equates to a lower blood pressure at a given age compared with the average. (thenakedscientists.com)
- On the other hand, a lower concentration of halothane (1%) did not alter lymph pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
- The American Heart Association has more about blood pressure drugs . (upi.com)
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing a public workshop entitled "Evaluating the Pressor Effects of Drugs & Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Studies. (constantcontact.com)
- The affected drugs could contain an impurity called N-nitroso-diethylamine, a possible human carcinogen, according to the FDA. (democratandchronicle.com)
- Teva Pharmaceuticals' recall announced this week affects combination tables that contain the drugs amlodipine and valsartan and another combo drug with amlodipine, valsartan, and hydrochlorothiazide. (democratandchronicle.com)
- It was found that the size of droplets deceased in the downstream direction of the spray and the decrease rate increased with the rail pressure. (sae.org)
- In the case of a 100 mm throat nozzle, a 1.25 mm slot was found to be the optimum when used with a pressure ratio of 1:1.75 atmosphere absolute. (flightglobal.com)
- Peer pressure has been identified as a big impact on teenagers, and contrary to popular belief, Secure Teen (2013) has found that peer pressure may encourage positive influences on our youth. (bartleby.com)
- The research, appearing in the American Journal of Public Health, found that low support levels and tight deadlines increased blood pressure especially in men. (medindia.net)
- Previous studies had found that stress could lead to ill health, but effects on blood pressure have so far produced mixed results. (medindia.net)
- While the information found on our websites is believed to be sensible and accurate based on the author's best judgment, readers who fail to seek counsel from appropriate health professionals assume risk of any potential ill effects. (newsmax.com)
- This found the best blood pressure control at the lowest salt intake they tested (1500mg/day). (thenakedscientists.com)
- How Does Alcohol Affect Blood Pressure? (reference.com)
- While moderately drinking some types of alcohol may help with some health problems, heavily drinking any type of alcohol risks increased blood pressure and related health issues. (reference.com)
- Alcohol has varying effects on blood pressure, depending on the amount you consume and whether you drink occasionally or chronically. (livestrong.com)
- Large amounts of alcohol causes blood pressure, measured by a blood pressure cuff, to rise. (livestrong.com)
- In small doses, alcohol has a healthy effect on your blood pressure. (livestrong.com)
- This protective effect of alcohol occurs when women drink up to one drink a day, and men drink up to two drinks a day. (livestrong.com)
- However, you shouldn't start to drink alcohol solely for its effect on blood pressure if you do not drink already. (livestrong.com)
- Drinking alcohol in excess of the amount recommended for men and women has the reverse effect of small doses: having more than one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men actually raises your blood pressure. (livestrong.com)
- If you regularly drink excessive amounts of alcohol, stopping drinking alcohol suddenly could result in a further dangerous spike in blood pressure. (livestrong.com)
- Get the facts on alcohol and blood pressure with Drinkaware. (drowsydriving.org)
- Does drinking alcohol affect your blood Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or. (drowsydriving.org)
- Drinking too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure to unhealthy levels. (drowsydriving.org)
- TWO Introduction Peers become an important influence on behavior during adolescence, and peer pressure has been called a hallmark of an adolescent experience. (bartleby.com)
- children's development through the environmental influences that may promote or affect the development of behavior and achievement through peer pressure and classroom quality (Adams, Ryan, Ketsetzis, and Keating, 2000). (bartleby.com)
- Were it not for the nerves of steel of Mr. Putin and his close advisers , the irresponsible pressure policies outlined above could result in aggressive behavior and risk taking by Russia that would make the Cuban missile crisis look like child's play. (moonofalabama.org)