The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Techniques used for determining the values of photometric parameters of light resulting from LUMINESCENCE.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
Techniques for measuring blood pressure.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
The closeness of a determined value of a physical dimension to the actual value.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The diversion of RADIATION (thermal, electromagnetic, or nuclear) from its original path as a result of interactions or collisions with atoms, molecules, or larger particles in the atmosphere or other media. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.
Measuring and weighing systems and processes.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
An optical source that emits photons in a coherent beam. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation. Lasers operate in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or X-ray regions of the spectrum.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.
Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.
The property of emitting radiation while being irradiated. The radiation emitted is usually of longer wavelength than that incident or absorbed, e.g., a substance can be irradiated with invisible radiation and emit visible light. X-ray fluorescence is used in diagnosis.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Measurement of distances or movements by means of the phenomena caused by the interference of two rays of light (optical interferometry) or of sound (acoustic interferometry).
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Measurement of the various properties of light.
Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Measurement of blood flow based on induction at one point of the circulation of a known change in the intravascular heat content of flowing blood and detection of the resultant change in temperature at a point downstream.
A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.
Method for determining the circulating blood volume by introducing a known quantity of foreign substance into the blood and determining its concentration some minutes later when thorough mixing has occurred. From these two values the blood volume can be calculated by dividing the quantity of injected material by its concentration in the blood at the time of uniform mixing. Generally expressed as cubic centimeters or liters per kilogram of body weight.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The position or attitude of the body.
Chemical analysis based on the phenomenon whereby light, passing through a medium with dispersed particles of a different refractive index from that of the medium, is attenuated in intensity by scattering. In turbidimetry, the intensity of light transmitted through the medium, the unscattered light, is measured. In nephelometry, the intensity of the scattered light is measured, usually, but not necessarily, at right angles to the incident light beam.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Any tests done on exhaled air.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)
Devices for continuously measuring and displaying the arterial blood pressure.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
Recording changes in electrical impedance between electrodes placed on opposite sides of a part of the body, as a measure of volume changes in the path of the current. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.
Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Measurement of the index of refraction (the ratio of the velocity of light or other radiation in the first of two media to its velocity in the second as it passes from one into the other).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
Thin strands of transparent material, usually glass, that are used for transmitting light waves over long distances.
A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than acoustic SOUND waves (approximately above 20 kilohertz). Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
An analytical method for detecting and measuring FLUORESCENCE in compounds or targets such as cells, proteins, or nucleotides, or targets previously labeled with FLUORESCENCE AGENTS.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
The measurement of subcutaneous fat located directly beneath the skin by grasping a fold of skin and subcutaneous fat between the thumb and forefinger and pulling it away from the underlying muscle tissue. The thickness of the double layer of skin and subcutaneous tissue is then read with a caliper. The five most frequently measured sites are the upper arm, below the scapula, above the hip bone, the abdomen, and the thigh. Its application is the determination of relative fatness, of changes in physical conditioning programs, and of the percentage of body fat in desirable body weight. (From McArdle, et al., Exercise Physiology, 2d ed, p496-8)
A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
An examination of chemicals in the blood.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.

Mildly dyskaryotic smear results: does it matter what women know? (1/2809)

BACKGROUND: As of 1992, all women in the UK who have a first mildly dyskaryotic cervical smear are placed under surveillance for 6 months rather than being referred for immediate colposcopy. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the relationship between anxiety and understanding about mild dyskaryotic, and to propose and discuss a method of analysing free text comments written by participants in studies based on structured questionnaires. METHODS: The freely scripted text of 236 women who had completed a questionnaire as part of a randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of an educational package was analysed. Randomization group status was concealed. Texts expressing similar views were grouped together and categorized. A matrix was drawn up to encompass the categories, and the comments were reallocated accordingly. RESULTS: Examination of the free text revealed two dimensions, concern and knowledge. There were no differences with respect to the apparent level of concern between the two randomization groups. However, comments from the intervention group were significantly more likely to have been classified as expressing good or vague knowledge than those from women in the control group. CONCLUSION: Although the educational intervention improved women's knowledge about the meaning of an abnormal smear result, this better knowledge was not correlated with less anxiety about the result. The free text analysis was a useful supplement to the main trial questionnaires. It demonstrated the existence of a range of understanding about cervical dyskaryosis, of anxieties relating to the receipt of such a result and the degree of interest women showed in acquiring further information.  (+info)

Awareness of and attitude of elderly subjects regarding health care and welfare in rapidly ageing population in Japan. (2/2809)

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to obtain information on the degree of knowledge and understanding about the current systems of health care and welfare held by the elderly, in order to achieve comprehensiveness in family practice. METHOD: We conducted a study on the awareness of healthy elderly persons by direct interview. The study was carried out in Kuni Village in a remote mountainous region in Japan, where the elderly population accounts for 24.8% of the total population. The subjects were self-dependent in their daily living activities and were aged 65 years and older. RESULTS: The subjects' knowledge of health care and welfare systems was generally good, and the degree of their utilization of these systems was also good. But 83.3% of those who did not want to utilize the welfare system indicated their preference to depend on their family for support. CONCLUSION: Family physicians must endeavour to offer comprehensive care to their patients by including these systems for rapidly ageing communities.  (+info)

The role of curriculum in influencing students to select generalist training: a 21-year longitudinal study. (3/2809)

To determine if specific curricula or backgrounds influence selection of generalist careers, the curricular choices of graduates of Mount Sinai School of Medicine between 1970 and 1990 were reviewed based on admission category. Students were divided into three groups: Group 1, those who started their first year of training at the School of Medicine; Group 2, those accepted with advanced standing into their third year of training from the Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, a five-year program developed to select and produce students likely to enter primary care fields; and Group 3, those accepted with advanced standing into the third year who spent the first two years at a foreign medical school. All three groups took the identical last two years of clinical training at the School of Medicine. These were no significant differences with respect to initial choice of generalist training programs among all three groups, with 46% of the total cohort selecting generalist training. Of those students who chose generalist programs, 58% in Group 1, 51% in Group 2, and 41% in Group 3 remained in these fields rather than progressing to fellowship training. This difference was significant only with respect to Group 3. However, when an analysis was performed among those students providing only primary care as compared to only specialty care, there were no significant differences. Analysis by gender revealed women to be more likely to select generalist fields and remain in these fields without taking specialty training (P < .0001). Differentiating characteristics with respect to choosing generalist fields were not related to either Part I or Part II scores on National Board Examinations or selection to AOA. However, with respect to those specific specialties considered quite competitive (general surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, and ophthalmology), total test scores on Part I and Part II were significantly higher than those of all other students. The analysis indicated that, despite the diverse characteristics of students entering the third year at the School of Medicine, no one group produced a statistically greater proportion of generalists positions than any other, and academic performance while in medical school did not have a significant influence on whether a student entered a generalist field.  (+info)

Evaluation of patients' knowledge about anticoagulant treatment. (4/2809)

OBJECTIVE: To develop a questionnaire to evaluate patients' knowledge of anticoagulation. DESIGN: Anonymous self completed questionnaire study based on hospital anticoagulant guidelines. SETTING: Anticoagulant clinic in a 580 bed district general hospital in London. SUBJECTS: 70 consecutive patients newly referred to the anticoagulant clinic over six months. MAIN MEASURES: Information received by patients on six items of anticoagulation counselling (mode of action of warfarin, adverse effects of over or under anticoagulation, drugs to avoid, action if bleeding or bruising occurs, and alcohol consumption), the source of such information, and patients' knowledge about anticoagulation. RESULTS: Of the recruits, 36 (51%) were male; 38(54%) were aged below 46 years, 22(31%) 46-60, and 10(14%) over 75. 50 (71%) questionnaires were returned. In all, 40 respondents spoke English at home and six another language. Most patients reported being clearly advised on five of the six items, but knowledge about anticoagulation was poor. Few patients could correctly identify adverse conditions associated with poor control of anticoagulation: bleeding was identified by only 30(60%), bruising by 23(56%), and thrombosis by 18(36%). Only 26(52%) patients could identify an excessive level of alcohol consumption, and only seven (14%) could identify three or more self prescribed agents which may interfere with warfarin. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire provided a simple method of determining patients' knowledge of anticoagulation, and its results indicated that this requires improvement. IMPLICATIONS: Patients' responses suggested that advice was not always given by medical staff, and use of counselling checklists is recommended. Reinforcement of advice by non-medical counsellors and with educational guides such as posters or leaflets should be considered. Such initiatives are currently being evaluated in a repeat survey.  (+info)

Is peer tutoring beneficial in the context of school resuscitation training? (5/2809)

First year pupils at a Cardiff comprehensive school were trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 106 by the teacher only and 137 by the teacher assisted by older pupils (peer tutoring). Scores in a multiple choice theory test and in practical skill assessment showed no significant difference between instruction methods, but boys taught by the teacher assisted by older pupils expressed less willingness to resuscitate in an emergency than girls instructed by either method (P < 0.01). Girls had higher scores in the multiple choice paper (P < 0.025) and in the skills assessment (P < 0.01). Those pupils who reported some prior knowledge of resuscitation techniques performed better during skill assessment than novice trainees (P < 0.025).  (+info)

Correlating fibreoptic nasotracheal endoscopy performance and psychomotor aptitude. (6/2809)

We have investigated the correlation between the scores attained on computerized psychometric tests, measuring psychomotor and information processing aptitudes, and learning fibreoptic endoscopy with the videoendoscope. Sixteen anaesthetic trainees performed two adaptive tracking tasks (ADTRACK 2 and ADTRACK 3) and one information management task (MAZE) from the MICROPAT testing system. They then embarked on a standardized fibreoptic training programme during which they performed 15 supervised fibreoptic nasotracheal intubations on anaesthetized oral surgery patients. There was a significant correlation between the means of the 15 endoscopy times and both ADTRACK 2 (r = -0.599, P = 0.014) and ADTRACK 3 (r = -0.589, P = 0.016) scores. The correlation between the means of the 15 endoscopy times and MAZE scores was not significant. The ratios of the mean endoscopy time for the last seven endoscopies to the mean endoscopy time for the first seven endoscopies were not significantly correlated with ADTRACK 2, ADTRACK 3 or MAZE scores. Psychomotor abilities appeared to be determinants of trainees' initial proficiency in endoscopy, but did not appear to be determinants of trainees' rates of progress during early fibreoptic training.  (+info)

The UMDS MSc in general practice: attainment of intended outcomes. (7/2809)

BACKGROUND: The United Medical and Dental School's (UMDS's) MSc in general practice is one of the longest running courses of its kind. Although descriptive accounts of such courses have been published, little is known about their outcomes. AIM: To measure the extent to which graduates feel they have personally achieved 16 intended outcomes derived from the course objectives, and to record current academic activities, particularly teaching and research. METHOD: A postal questionnaire to graduates of the UMDS MSc in General Practice. RESULTS: The response rate was 93%. Of the 71 responders, 23 have gone on to register for or complete other degrees or diplomas. Over two-thirds of responders had an academic commitment following the MSc. Two-thirds were currently engaged in research and over half reported having had work accepted for publication. The majority of graduates confirmed the attainment of all 16 outcomes, although outcomes related to personal achievements were endorsed more strongly than those related to service delivery. CONCLUSION: UMDS graduates are making a significant contribution to their discipline and are unanimous in describing the course as an important event in their personal development. As a result of this study, the course organizers are seeking to increase the links between academic study and everyday practice.  (+info)

Medical education in the USA--adult-friendly? (8/2809)

In the United States of America, the Area Health Education Center (AHEC) system of training residents has allowed high-quality postgraduate education to flourish. This paper describes the evolution of the AHECs in the context of medical education over the past 50 years. The arrangements for programme administration and design, resident assessment and appraisal, training of trainers in educational methods, and the accreditation of training programmes are discussed. The fast-evolving UK postgraduate education scene can learn some useful lessons from the US system.  (+info)

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By Sergio Medina. [email protected] Dr. Vivian Miranda, director of student success at Maricopa Community Colleges, suggested student success personnel partner with faculty in the classroom to further engage students academically.. She is one of four candidates for the open position of dean of student success at this college. The other candidates are Dr. Becky M. McBride, associate vice chancellor of student services at Fletcher Technical Community College; Dr. Valschkia L. Dabney, vice president of the American Business Womens Association Greenspoint Chapter and Dr. Maria Oralia De Los Reyes, assistant dean at Texas A&M University-Kingsville.. Miranda spoke at an open forum before an audience of seven Oct. 3 in the Valor Room of the Victory Center.. When asked by Professor Bruce Davis what she has done in the past to contextualize student support into the classroom, Miranda responded with an example where finance was implemented into a math course.. A good example is: ...
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Students are asked to write the answer script in A4 paper mentioning their Roll No, registration no and send the pdf file to [email protected] within 8.15 pm.. This is hereby notified that online practical examination of Chemistry (General) Part-III examination will be held on 12.10.2020 from 4.00 to 5.30 pm. Question will be available at 3.45 pm in the college website under college portal. Students are asked to write the answer script in A4 paper mentioning their Roll No, registration no and send the pdf file to [email protected] within 5.30 pm.. ...
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Recent trends in medical education are moving rapidly away from gaining a certain number of marks in high-stakes examinations and towards gathering evidence of clinical competence and professional behavior observed in clinical environments.. The aim of this PhD study, The Quality, Value and Effectiveness of Workplace-Based Assessment in Postgraduate Medical Training, is to explore the use of workplace-based assessments in postgraduate medical training.. Workplace-based assessments, such as Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercises (mini-CEX) or Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS), are one method of assessing trainee doctors performance. Trainees are expected to negotiate the completion of these assessments with their trainers at regular intervals throughout their training.. Workplace-based assessments are designed to be formative and provide a framework for giving constructive feedback to trainees in real-time clinical settings.. The aim is to help trainees identify their strengths and ...
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Educational and Psychological Measurement. 62 (4): 590-602. doi:10.1177/0013164402062004004.. *^ Hunsley J, Lee CM, Wood JM ( ... Educational and Psychological Measurement (62): 590-602. doi:10.1177/0013164402062004004.. *^ Druckman, D.; R. A. Bjork, eds. ( ... Sipps, Gary J; Alexander, Ralph A; Friedt, Larry (2016). "Item Analysis of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator". Educational and ... Thompson, Bruce; Borrello, Gloria M (2016). "Construct Validity of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator". Educational and ...
American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, & National Council on Measurement in Education ... 1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association. ... Psychological tests, like many measurements of human characteristics, can be interpreted in a norm-referenced or criterion- ... Clark, R (1999). "The Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment: A Factorial Validity Study". Educational and Psychological ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 62 (3): 525-536. Retrieved April 22, 2014.. ... Dahmus, Sue; Bernardin, H. John; Bernardin, Kathleen (October 1992). "Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire". Measurement ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 70 (2): 323-339. doi:10.1177/0013164409344507. S2CID 144889213.. ... "Journal of Educational Psychology. 107 (1): 64-78. doi:10.1037/a0037478.. *^ a b Glenn, David (15 December 2009). "Matching ... Educational Leadership. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development: 378-380.. *^ Krätzig, Gregory P.; Arbuthnott, ... In Abbeduto, Leonard (ed.). Taking sides: clashing views on controversial issues in educational psychology. Guilford, CT: ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement (62): 590-602.. *^ Druckman, D. and R. A. Bjork, Eds. (1992). In the Mind's Eye: ... "Item Analysis of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator." Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 45, No. 4 (1985), pp. 789- ... Educational and Psychological Measurement. SAGE Publications. 46 (3): 745-752. doi:10.1177/0013164486463032.. ... Educational and Psychological Measurement. SAGE Publications. 62 (4): 590-602. doi:10.1177/0013164402062004004.. ...
a b Dowd, E.T. (1992). "Review of the Beck Hopelessness Scale." Eleventh Mental Measurement Yearbook, 81-82 ... Educational Testing Services. (1992). "The ets test collection catalog: Affective measures and personality tests", Phoenix, AZ ... Owen, S.V. (1992) "Review of the Beck Hopelessness Scale." Eleventh Mental Measurement Yearbook, 82-83 ...
Kline, P. (1998). The new psychometrics: Science, psychology and measurement. London: Routledge.. [page needed] ... Messick, Samuel (1989). "Meaning and Values in Test Validation: The Science and Ethics of Assessment". Educational Researcher. ... Spearman, Charles B. (2005). The Abilities of Man: Their Nature and Measurement. The Blackburn Press. ISBN 1-932846-10-7.. ... Measurement of fluid intelligence[edit]. There are various measures that assess fluid intelligence. The Cattell Culture Fair IQ ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement, 46, 509-522. *^ Hofer, S.M. & Eber, H.W. (2002). Second-order factor structure of ... a b c d Cattell, R. B. (1957). Personality and Motivation Structure and Measurement. New York: World Book. ... 2, Personality Measurement and Testing., Los Angeles, CA: Sage. *^ Boyle, G. J. (2008). Simplifying the Cattellian psychometric ... 2, Personality Measurement and Testing., Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications. *^ Ashton, M.C. (1998). Personality and job ...
Educational Measurement. 4: 17-64. Messick, S. (1989). "Validity.". In R. L. Linn (ed.). Educational Measurement (3rd ed.). New ... Messick, S. (1995). "Standards of validity and the validity of standards in performance assessment". Educational Measurement: ... Interpretation of educational measurements. New York: World Book. Brown, J. D. (1996). Testing in language programs. Upper ... Lee Cronbach and Paul Meehl (1955) proposed that the development of a nomological net was essential to measurement of a test's ...
"The Nature of Measurement." In: Robert L. Thorndike (ed.), Educational Measurement. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: American Council on ... where this method of measurement is still used in informal context, a span is called Bhitta. In Tamil, it is called "saaN". In ... List of unusual units of measurement Units of measure Arthur Cornwallis Madan (1903). Swahili-English dictionary. Clarendon ...
"Conditional Standard Errors of Measurement for Scale Scores Using IRT". Journal of Educational Measurement. 33 (2): 129-140. ... An important difference between CTT and IRT is the treatment of measurement error, indexed by the standard error of measurement ... Traditionally, reliability refers to the precision of measurement (i.e., the degree to which measurement is free of error). ... Journal of Educational Measurement. 32 (4): 341-363. doi:10.1111/j.1745-3984.1995.tb00471.x. Rasch, G. (1960/1980). ...
... as well as educational institutions, church and medical affairs, as well as pension and charitable institutions for the fleet ... tonnage measurement; the Maritime Pilot and Lighthouse Institution (Lots- och fyrinrättningen) with lifesaving institutions at ... Swedish coasts; educational and training establishments for the shipping industry. The matters were presented before the King ...
Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 43, 191-208. Dahlin, B & Regmi, M P (2000): Ontologies of knowledge East and West ... Some Measurement Issues. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 28; 626-633. Dahlin, B (1999): Ways of coming to understand. ... British Journal of Educational Psychology, 70; 65-84. Dahlin, B. (2001): The primacy of cognition - or of perception? A ... Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 45(3); 287-300. Dahlin, B., Watkins, D., & Ekholm, M. (2001): The role of ...
"Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership and Administration. 1.. *^ a b Voorhis, Patricia Van (30 November 2009). "Kohlberg, ... Commons, M. L., Gane-McCalla, R., Barker C. D., Li, E. Y. (in press). The Model of Hierarchical Complexity as a measurement ... Educational Psychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2010. Print *^ Bernstein, Penner, and Clarke-Stewart, Roy. Psychology Study ...
... the theory of measurement, the foundations of quantum mechanics, decision theory, psychology and educational technology. He was ... p. 9. Umans, S (1970). The management of education: A systematic design for educational revolution. Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday ... Suppes, Patrick; Luce, R. Duncan; Krantz, David; Tversky, Amos (2007) (1972). Foundations of Measurement, Vols. 1-3. Dover. ... 2: Philosophy of Physics, Theory Structure and Measurement, and Action Theory. Suppes, Patrick (1999) (1957). Introduction to ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 67 (1): 154-168. doi:10.1177/0013164406292036. S2CID 143045918. Yousef, Darwish A. ( ... Eastern Work Ethic: Structural Validity, Measurement Invariance, and Generational Differences (Thesis). Shao, Lian; Webber, ... Measurement, and Application. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. pp. 279-300. ISBN 978-0-8058-5251-6. NCS - Interview Advice. ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 56 (3): 487-493. doi:10.1177/0013164496056003010. Bishop, D.; et al. (1993). " ... Educational and Psychological Measurement. 55 (5): 850-857. doi:10.1177/0013164495055005020. Trofimova, IN; Sulis, W (2016). " ... Educational and Psychological Measurement. 64 (6): 1019-1029. doi:10.1177/0013164404264843. S2CID 145721602. Trofimova, IN; ... Rusalov, VM; Trofimova, IN (2007). Structure of Temperament and Its Measurement. Toronto, Canada: Psychological Services Press ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 66 (6): 930-944. doi:10.1177/0013164406288165. S2CID 14762636.. ... 1988) further reduced the PSS to a four item form for quick measurements; however, scores on the 4-item PSS tend to exhibit ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 63 (5): 111-129. Hollon, Steven; Kendall, Philip (December 1980). "Cognitive self- ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 52 (4): 1003-1017. doi:10.1177/0013164492052004025. S2CID 145465675. Harter S (1981 ... Students are likely to be intrinsically motivated if they... attribute their educational results to factors under their own ... Whyte CB (2018). "Effective Counseling Methods for High-Risk College Freshmen". Measurement and Evaluation in Guidance. 10 (4 ... Journal of Educational Research. 97 (6): 299-309. doi:10.3200/joer.97.6.299-310. S2CID 145301292. Root III GN. "Examples of ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 77 (4): 631-662. doi:10.1177/0013164416668232. ISSN 0013-1644. PMC 5991793. PMID ... Pedhazur, Elazar J.; Schmelkin, Liora P. (1991). Measurement, Design, and Analysis: An Integrated Approach (Student ed.). New ... Carver, Ronald P. (1978). "The Case Against Statistical Significance Testing". Harvard Educational Review. 48 (3): 378-399. doi ... Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics. 3. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. pp. 889-891. ISBN 978-1-412-91611-0. ...
Journal of Educational Measurement. 8 (2): 113-123. doi:10.1111/j.1745-3984.1971.tb00914.x. JSTOR 1433966. Aiello, D. A.; ... Journal of Educational Measurement. 9 (2): 161-162. JSTOR 1433810. Mednick, S. A., & Mednick, M.T. (1959,1962). Remote ... Baird, L.L. (1972). [Test review of Remote Associates Test]. In O. K. Buros (Eds.), The seventh mental measurements yearbook. ... also suggested that this test be used to select students from lower-income families to be admitted to special educational ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 20 (4): 641-650. doi:10.1177/001316446002000401. S2CID 144813784. Lykken, David T. ( ... In the absence of a consensus measurement, no decision based on measurements will be without controversy. The book How to Lie ... While the problem was addressed more than a decade ago, and calls for educational reform continue, students still graduate from ... As improvements are made to experimental design (e.g. increased precision of measurement and sample size), the test becomes ...
Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 16, 8-14. doi: 10.1111 / j.1745-3992.1997.tb00603.x. Stanley, J. (1971). ... In R. L. Thorndike (Ed.), Educational Measurement. Second edition. Washington, DC: American Council on Education Wainer, H., & ... In R. L. Thorndike (Ed.), Educational Measurement. Second edition. Washington, DC: American Council on Education Eisinga, R.; ... Journal of Educational Psychology, 15, 193-204. doi: 10.1037 / h0072471. Kuder, G. F., & Richardson, M. W. (1937). The theory ...
1976). "Rotation in Canonical Analysis". Educational and Psychological Measurement. 36 (3): 725-730. doi:10.1177/ ...
Journal of Educational Measurement. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-03. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) ... The measurement ideas embedded in the Lexile framework can be found in two 1982-83 articles by Stenner and Smith,. when they ... The Lexile Framework for Reading is an educational tool that uses a measure called a Lexile to match readers with books, ... Over the 12-year period from 1984 through 1996, Stenner and Smith received a total of five grants on measurement of literacy. ...
Educational and Psychological Measurement. 49 (3): 637-648. doi:10.1177/001316448904900316. S2CID 54770121. "The Spherical ... He is a fellow of the American Educational Research Association, the Association for Psychological Science and the American ... Tracey, T. J. (2002). Personal Globe Inventory: Measurement of the Spherical Model of Interests and Competence Beliefs. Journal ... Tracey also developed the Inventory of Children's Activities (ICA). 1989 - Recipient of the American Educational Research ...
Ebel, R.L. "Confidence Weighting and Test Reliability". Journal of Educational Measurement. 2 (1): 49-57. doi:10.1111/j.1745- ... Educational and Psychological Measurement. 33: 135-141. doi:10.1177/001316447303300114. Beasley, Robert E. (2012). "The Effects ...
Adkins, D. C. (1958). Measurement in relation to the educational process. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 18, 221- ... Educational and Psychological Measurement. 32 (3): 559-577. doi:10.1177/001316447203200302. Amerian Psychological Association ... American Educational Research Journal, 9(4), 557-572. Flanagan, J. C., Adkins, D., & Cadwell, D. H. B. (1950). Major ... When she was given the opportunity to teach and research at the University of Hawaii in Educational Psychology, she accepted. ...
Journal of Educational Measurement. 31 (2): 161-181. doi:10.1111/j.1745-3984.1994.tb00441.x. Xin, Ziqiang; Zhang, Li (January ... doi:10.1016/S0959-4752(97)00029-7. Stevenson, John C.; Evans, Glen T. (June 1994). "Conceptualization and Measurement of ...
"Random Number Simulations Reveal How Random Noise Affects the Measurements and Graphical Portrayals of Self-Assessed ...
For example, applications of measurement models in educational contexts often indicate that total scores have a fairly linear ... Cyclical ratio measurements include angles and times. Counts appear to be ratio measurements, but the scale is not arbitrary ... Log-interval measurements are commonly displayed in stock market graphics. All these types of measurements are commonly used ... Nicholas R. Chrisman [5] introduced an expanded list of levels of measurement to account for various measurements that do not ...
JEL: I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty. JEL: I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs. JEL: ... JEL: I22 - Educational finance. JEL: I23 - Higher Education Research Institutions. JEL: I28 - Government Policy. JEL: I29 - ...
From 15 November 2013 on, smoking at working places, near and within the educational, cultural, sporting and healthcare ... as compared with measurements prior to going smoke-free).[22] ... being banned from many outdoor recreational and educational ... educational institutions, 5. libraries, 6. court buildings, 7. public office, 8. public conveyances, including the railways.[ ...
The educational institutions awarding degrees need to attain recognition from RCI. Presently there are around 70 institutions ... Employing various testing strategies (e.g. hearing tests, otoacoustic emission measurements, videonystagmography, and ... passing a national exam offered by Praxis Series of the Educational Testing Service, and practicum experience that is ...
Tom Lethbridge's dowsing measurements. *^ Ransome, Arthur (1936). Pigeon Post. London: Jonathan Cape. pp. 156-158.. ... James Randi Educational Foundation. *Magical thinking. *Prizes for evidence of the paranormal ...
Indirect effects also play a role; for example, impaired educational progress or complications outside of work, such as ... Kasl, S.V., & Jones, B.A. (2011). An epidemiological perspective on research design, measurement, and surveillance strategies. ...
Instrumentation and measurement[edit]. Both venturis and orifice plates are used in industrial applications and in scientific ... Dusk to Dawn (educational film). Federal Aviation Administration. 1971. 17 minutes in. AVA20333VNB1.. ... Nasr, G. G.; Connor, N. E. (2014). "5.3 Gas Flow Measurement". Natural Gas Engineering and Safety Challenges: Downstream ... By measuring the change in pressure, the flow rate can be determined, as in various flow measurement devices such as venturi ...
in association with Rosen Educational Services. pp. 14-15. ISBN 9781615304950. .. *^ a b c d e f Klein, Cornelis; Philpotts, ... prominent examples would be accurate measurement and prediction of the elastic properties of minerals, which has led to new ... Rafferty, John P. (2012). Geological sciences (1st ed.). New York: Britannica Educational Pub. ...
... services rendered within the context of a social service, educational, or health care agency are often ... the Behavior Rating Index for Children and the bereavement Group Questionnaire for Parents and Guardians as measurement tools, ... and educational domains by using both active and receptive music experiences. These experiences include improvisation, re- ...
... which a measurement of blood glucose or sugar level.[43] In fact, as A1C increases, people tend to be at greater risk of ... and other educational institutions to describe students with visual impairments.[15] They are defined as follows: *Partially ... Screening for vision problems in children may improve future vision and educational achievement.[8] Screening adults without ... modified educational materials, and consultation assistance with low vision experts. ...
"Measurement of segregating behaviors in experimental silver fox pedigrees". Behavior Genetics. 38: 185-194.. ... Today she coordinates educational activities at the experimental fox farm at the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the ...
Sustainability measurement. *Sustainability metrics and indices. *Sustainability reporting. *Standards and certification. * ...
An alternative measurement that has been suggested is that of gross national happiness, measuring the actual satisfaction of ... They noticed that wherever the educational level is raised, the level of development is also raised. They conclude that the ... Others, such as Mohammed Tamim, believe that economic development is measurable in educational level from primary school to the ... An alternative measurement that has been suggested is that of gross national happiness. Countries on the boundary between ...
News of higher educational institutions. North-Caucasian region. Natural Sciences. *^ a b Salo, P., Nordström, M., Thomson, R. ... Standard measurements and sexual dimorphismEdit. Two adult white-tailed eagles in snow in Färnebofjärden National Park, Sweden. ... though the sexes are rarely this discrepant in standard measurements.[10] Among standard measurements, the wing chord is 552 to ... Helander, B. (1981). Nestling measurements and weights from two White-tailed Eagle populations in Sweden. Bird Study, 28(3), ...
In 1842, John Hutchinson invented the spirometer, which allowed the measurement of vital capacity of the lungs. However, his ... an educational session, and support for use of their action plan in the event of an exacerbation, reduces the number of ... Mahler DA (May 2006). "Mechanisms and measurement of dyspnea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease". Proceedings of the ... Based on these measurements, spirometry would lead to over-diagnosis of COPD in the elderly.[75] The National Institute for ...
"South-Western Educational Publishing. 2003. Retrieved 19 May 2009.. [permanent dead link] John Tukey criticizes sample ... Medical consideration of hermaphroditism depended upon measurements of the clitoris; a longer, engorged clitoris was thought to ... State persecution prevented the formation of associations until AIDS became a concern, when educational efforts forced sexual ...
Educational and Psychological Research, 3(2), 63-75. *^ a b Neider, L.L., & Schriesheim, C.A. (2011). The Authentic Leadership ... nonsensical measurement tools, unsupported knowledge claims and a generally simplistic and out of date view of corporate life". ...
One measurement, based on the Arrhenius definition of acidity, is pH, which is a measurement of the hydronium ion concentration ... and of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization and involves chemical societies, academics, and ... The other measurement, based on the Brønsted-Lowry definition, is the acid dissociation constant (Ka), which measures the ... The mole is a unit of measurement that denotes an amount of substance (also called chemical amount). The mole is defined as the ...
Educational philosophy and pedagogy[edit]. Main article: Montessori education. Early influences[edit]. Montessori's theory and ... She called for not just observation and measurement of students, but for the development of new methods which would transform ... The essential elements of her educational theory emerged from this work, described in The Montessori Method in 1912 and in The ... Her educational method is in use today in many public and private schools throughout the world. ...
"The Educational Broadcasting Corporation. 2002. Retrieved 10 September 2012. Although both parents were English Lutherans, ... "In the end, Sagan... died an uncompromising atheist." Robin Mckie, 'Beauty is... in the measurements', The Observer, August 24 ... Mather that led to the measurement "of the black body form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.[326] ...
2000). "Measurement of the flux of atmospheric muons with the CAPRICE94 apparatus". Phys. Rev. D. 62 (3): 032007. arXiv:hep-ex/ ... Since then the collaboration has attracted the interest and support of many scientific institutions, educational institutions ... 2011). "PAMELA Measurements of Cosmic-Ray Proton and Helium Spectra". Science. 332 (6025): 69-72. arXiv:1103.4055. Bibcode: ... 31 May 2013). "Measurements of Energetic Particle Radiation in Transit to Mars on the Mars Science Laboratory". Science. 340 ( ...
Application Response Measurement (ARM) (defines an API for C and Java programming language to measure application transaction ...
A business product, as educational and innovative intellectual products and services can be exported for a high value return. ... Knowledge provides the technical expertise, problem-solving, performance measurement and evaluation, and data management needed ...
Measurements such as "foot" and "mile" often retain their singular form even when used in the plural sense. For example, "That ... the use of the Appalachian dialect is still often an impediment to educational and social advancement.[8] ...
The emergence of powerful new measurement techniques such as neuroimaging (e.g., fMRI, PET, SPECT), electrophysiology, and ... Finally, neuroscientists have also collaborated with other education experts to study and refine educational techniques to ... as well as educational institutions, funding agencies, publishers, and hundreds of businesses that supply products used in ... generally using physiological techniques that include measurement and stimulation with electrodes or optically with ion- or ...
In 1948, the 9th CGPM commissioned a study to assess the measurement needs of the scientific, technical, and educational ... and is the most widely used system of measurement. It comprises a coherent system of units of measurement built on seven base ... Quinn, Terry (2012). From artefacts to atoms: the BIPM and the search for ultimate measurement standards. Oxford University ... The Basis of Measurement: Volume 2 - Metrication and Current Practice. Pitcon Publishing (Chippenham) Ltd. pp. 222-224. ISBN 0- ...
V. Rao Vemuri, English-Telugu and Telugu-English Dictionary and Thesaurus, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, 2002 ISBN 0- ... measurement, ph. కొలమానం లేని కొలత;. *dimer, n. ద్విభాగి;. *diminish, v. i. సన్నగిల్లు; తగ్గు; ... published by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi in 2002. ...
Educational progressivism - Educational psychology - Educational reform in occupied Japan - Educational research - Educational ... Curriculum-based measurement ... Taxonomy of Educational Objectives - Teacher in role - Teachers ... Educational counseling - Educational evaluation - Educational existentialism - Educational leadership - Educational music - ... Barron's Educational Series - Basic education - Behaviorism - Bias in education - Bilingual education - Biliteracy - Bionics - ...
... and the education field needs experts in educational statistics and measurement. ... Educational Statistics and Measurement faculty have expertise in educational measurement topics such as Item Response Theory, ... Educational Statistics & Measurement. About. Student learning is measured more than ever before, and that means that the ... Educational Statistics and Measurement Program FAQ (PDF). Contact Us. Questions about admissions?. Allison Hochmuth. Graduate ...
... would be utilized to deal with measurement challenges or improve current practices in educational and psychological measurement ... in educational and psychological measurement for enhancing accuracy in ability parameter estimation, facilitating cognitive ... With the availability of process data in addition to response data, the measurement field is becoming increasingly interested ... Areas: Educational measurement and/or psychological measurement. Psychometric issues include but are not limited to the ...
Nitko, Anthony J. is the author of Educational Tests and Measurement: An Introduction with ISBN 9780155209107 and ISBN ... Educational Tests and Measurement: An Introduction. Educational Tests and Measurement: An Introduction ...
Educational and Instructional Technology. *Evaluation, Measurement and Research*Master of Arts in Evaluation, Measurement, and ... Educational and Instructional Technology. *Evaluation, Measurement and Research*Master of Arts in Evaluation, Measurement, and ... Department of Educational Leadership Research and Technology. Western Michigan University. Kalamazoo MI 49008-5283 USA. (269) ... These working papers deepen knowledge and promote dialogue in the field of evaluation, measurement, and research. The papers ...
... and other tests and measurement instruments look like they do, and what methods are used to evaluate their characteristics? How ... Measurement: Theory and applications in educational research, 7.5 credits Why do knowledge tests, questionnaires, and other ... Would you like to gain a deeper understanding of the theoretical foundations for the designs of educational science instruments ... Knowledge equivalent to the learning goals in QRMs course Basic statistics for educational research (QRM1800). ...
Educational measurement refers to the use of educational assessments and the analysis of data such as scores obtained from ... In practice, educational measurement is largely concerned with the analysis of data from educational assessments or tests. ... One of the aims of applying theory and techniques in educational measurement is to try to place the results of different tests ... Educational measurement is the assigning of numerals to traits such as achievement, interest, attitudes, aptitudes, ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V ... Measurement Efficiency for Fixed-Precision Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Tests: Comparing Health Measurement and ... Measurement of job motivation in TEDS-M: testing for invariance across countries and cultures  ... Moving beyond the study of gender differences: An analysis of measurement invariance and differential item functioning of an ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V ... Technology acceptance has been widely discussed and examined in educational contexts. Despite the variety of models and ... To answer the calls for stronger evidence by the policy community, educational researchers and their associated organizations ... CEMO Centre for Educational Measurement * CEMO Centre for Educational Measurement * Browsing CEMO Centre for Educational ...
View school information and student reviews for Educational Assessment, Testing, and Measurement colleges in Alabama. ... and Measurement colleges in Alabama on ... List of all Educational Assessment, Testing, and Measurement ... List all Educational Assessment, Testing, and Measurement colleges in Alabama. *Find local colleges with Educational Assessment ... Best Educational Assessment, Testing, and Measurement colleges in Alabama for 2021. University of Alabama at Birmingham ...
Administrative Manager, KG Jebsen Inflammation Research Centre, University of Oslo/Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet. Head of Office, ARENA Centre for European Studies, University of Oslo. ...
I am currently a Professor of Educational Measurement in the Centre for Educational Measurement at University of Oslo. I joined ... UiO UiO University of Oslo Centre for Educational Measurement Faculty of Educational Sciences ... Journal of Educational Measurement, 48(3), 293-312.. Steinfeldt, J., Rutkowski, L., Vaughn, E., & Steinfeldt, M. (2011). ... Journal of Educational Measurement, 52(4), 359-375. Rutkowski, L., & Rutkowski, D., & Zhou, Y. (2015). Parameter estimation ...
Effectiveness of blood pressure educational and evaluation program for the improvement of measurement accuracy among nurses.. ... Periodical education in BP measurement may be required, and this may significantly improve the technique and consequently the ... We didnt observe any significant difference of measurement knowledge between nurses working in different settings such as ... At baseline evaluation, we observed inadequate performance on some points of clinical BP measurement technique, specifically: ...
Educational and Instructional Technology. *Evaluation, Measurement and Research*Master of Arts in Evaluation, Measurement, and ... Educational and Instructional Technology. *Evaluation, Measurement and Research*Master of Arts in Evaluation, Measurement, and ... The Ph.D. program in evaluation, measurement and research in the Department of Educational Leadership, Research and Technology ... Department of Educational Leadership Research and Technology. Western Michigan University. Kalamazoo MI 49008-5283 USA. (269) ...
Testing & Measurement. Education / Testing & Measurement. Educational tests and measurements. Educational tests and ... American Educational Research Association,American Psychological Association,National Council on Measurement in Education,Joint ... American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education, ... American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education, ...
The journal publishes original educational measurement research, provides reviews of measurement publications, and reports on ... The Journal of Educational Measurement is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the National Council on ... "Front Matter". Journal of Educational Measurement. 41 (4). 2004. ISSN 0022-0655. JSTOR 20461763. Retrieved 2021-03-13. " ... Other journals published by NCME include Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice and the Chinese/English Journal of ...
A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendalls tau and Cramers statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)
First grade teacher interests in four subject areas as measured by the Strong Vocational Interest Blank were compared to their students interests in those areas as measured by the Survey of School Attitudes. A relationship was found only in the natural science subject area. (JKS)
Buy the Paperback Book Studyguide For Educational Testing And Measurement By Tom Kubiszyn, Isbn 9780470522813 by Cram101 ... Studyguide For Educational Testing And Measurement By Tom Kubiszyn, Isbn 9780470522813. byCram101 Textbook Reviews. Paperback ... Title:Studyguide For Educational Testing And Measurement By Tom Kubiszyn, Isbn 9780470522813Format:PaperbackDimensions:186 ... Customer Reviews of Studyguide For Educational Testing And Measurement By Tom Kubiszyn, Isbn 9780470522813. ...
... measurement method and the results obtained were in accordance with the literature reports and can be useful for educational ... the RCL in a sample of extracted primary anterior teeth and compare the data obtained with the literature for educational and ... Direct Measurements of Root Canal Length in Primary Anterior Teeth for Educational and Clinical Purposes () ... Direct Measurements of Root Canal Length in Primary Anterior Teeth for Educational and Clinical Purposes. Creative Education, 9 ...
...,/p, ... on The Narrative Of School Failure And Why We Must Pay Attention To Segregation In Educational Policy ... takes this bias to a level at which the grades barely transmit any meaningful educational information. ... but it would be a far fairer measurement system ...
Emmer, E. & Hickman, J. (1991). Teacher efficacy in classroom management. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51, 755-765.
Psychological and Educational Tests and Measurements A Finding Guide for OSU Library Faculty Dan Chaney Humanities and Social ... Sciences Division Why Tests & Measurements? Slideshow 5088 by issac ... Tests and Measurements -. educational research. educational measurement. technique used to measure data. classifications. ... power measurements dc circuits ac circuits three-phase systems high-frequency power measurements energy measurements dc ...
Counseling Educational Psychology, and Special Education. Erickson Hall , 620 Farm Lane, Room 447. East Lansing, MI 48824 ... Students may also wish to check with professional organizations, including the American Educational Researchers Association ... and National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, for possible funding opportunities. C. Loans The first place to seek loans ...
Establishing a Baseline Measurement of the Digital Divide in Durham Public Schools During school closures related to COVID-19, ... William and Ida Friday Institutefor Educational Innovation. College of Education .a{fill:#c00;}. ... 1 during the virtual 2020 Catalyst Grant Research Symposium hosted by the Friday Institute for Educational Innovation in ...
In oncology patients, chemotherapy may negatively affect renal function, and nuclear GFR measurements may be necessary. For ... In oncology patients, chemotherapy may negatively affect renal function, and nuclear GFR measurements may be necessary. For ...
SEK Schools install air quality measurement devices and purchase antigen tests for their Educational Community. 20/11/2020. / ... SEK Schools install air quality measurement devices and purchase antigen tests for their Educational Community ... allowing us to act quickly for the benefit of the safety of our Educational Community, and avoid the application of unnecessary ...
... in Education Source spans all levels of education from early childhood to higher education and also includes educational ...
Michigan Consortium for Educational Research. The Michigan Consortium for Education Research (MCER) is a partnership between ...
... Bergh, Anne-Marie; Grimbeek, J. (Jackie); May ... A reliable tool was developed for measuring perceptions of the educational environment as it relates to evidence-based medicine ... as the most useful on pragmatic grounds and named it Evidence-Based Medicine Educational Environment Measure 67 (EBMEEM-67). ... there has been a renewed interest in measuring perceptions regarding different aspects of the medical educational environment. ...
3rd Grade Measuring Worksheets Worksheet Grade 3 Math Learning Practical Measurement In one of Educational Template Design - ... Gallery of 3rd Grade Measuring Worksheets Worksheet Grade 3 Math Learning Practical Measurement In. ... Related Posts for 3rd Grade Measuring Worksheets Worksheet Grade 3 Math Learning Practical Measurement In. Free Printable Life ... You can download and please share this 3rd Grade Measuring Worksheets Worksheet Grade 3 Math Learning Practical Measurement In ...
  • Other journals published by NCME include Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice and the Chinese/English Journal of Educational Measurement and Evaluation. (
  • These working papers deepen knowledge and promote dialogue in the field of evaluation, measurement, and research. (
  • The views presented in the papers are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Evaluation, Measurement, and Research program or Western Michigan University. (
  • Effectiveness of blood pressure educational and evaluation program for the improvement of measurement accuracy among nurses. (
  • The Ph.D. program in evaluation, measurement and research in the Department of Educational Leadership, Research and Technology at Western Michigan University is designed for hig hly qualified students to prepare them as evaluators, assessment specialists, or researchers for leadership and teaching positions in schools, non-school organizations, institutions of higher education and government. (
  • The program requires at least three courses each in evaluation, measurement and research design and statistics. (
  • Concentration portfolio must be submitted to evaluation, measurement and research program faculty for review prior to enrollment in advanced seminar. (
  • Must pass doctoral exams written by evaluation, measurement and research program faculty covering all of the pre-doctoral core content. (
  • Students may also wish to check with professional organizations, including the American Educational Researchers' Association and National Council on Measurement and Evaluation, for possible funding opportunities. (
  • Designed for anyone interested in Educational Measurement and Evaluation, Assessment, and Testing. (
  • The mission of the Educational Inquiry, Measurement, and Evaluation (EIME) Program is to prepare PhDs who have the knowledge, expertise, experience, and character traits to work productively as researchers, evaluators, policy analysts, assessment specialists, and/or professors in a variety of settings. (
  • Delegasi Jabatan Pendidikan WP Labuan Ke International Conference On Educational Measurement And Evaluation, Filipina. (
  • 23-25 Ogos 2018-Delegasi Jabatan Pendidikan Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan yang diketuai oleh Pengarah Pendidikan W.P. Labuan, Encik Raisin bin Saidin telah menghadiri International Conference On Educational Measurement And Evaluation di Hotel Jen, Roxas Boulevard, Manila, Filipina. (
  • Konferens ini turut membuka peluang jalinan kerjasama antara Jabatan Pendidikan W.P.Labuan (JPN W.P. Labuan) dengan Philippine Educational Measurement and Evaluation Association, Inc (PEMEA) di mana kesemua delegasi dari JPN W.P. Labuan ini telah ditawarkan untuk menjadi ahli PEMEA seumur hidup. (
  • For researchers and practitioners, awareness of different cognitive models may facilitate the evaluation of educational measures for the purpose of generating diagnostic inferences, especially about examinees' thinking processes, including misconceptions, strengths, and/or abilities. (
  • Educational measurement or educational evaluation is the evaluation process of characterizing and appraising some aspect of the education enterprise. (
  • The Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation published three sets of standards for educational evaluations. (
  • Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation. (
  • Students in the research, evaluation, measurement, and psychometrics program learn to develop instruments such as tests, assessments, and questionnaires, to use new models and methods for data collection and analysis, design sampling frameworks, collect and analyze data, and conduct research and evaluation studies. (
  • Holdings: Principles of educational measurement and evaluation. (
  • Measurement for educational evaluation [by] Clinton I. Chase. (
  • Measurement and evaluation in psychology and education [by] Robert L. Thorndike [and] Elizabeth Hagen. (
  • Educational measurement and evaluation [by] Don F. Blood [and] William C. Budd. (
  • 3. Students will demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and dispositions needed to evaluate written proposals submitted by other scholars to conduct research, evaluation, and measurement stuides and formulate constructive suggestions for improving the proposed project. (
  • 4. Students will demonstrate the knowledge and skills needed to plan an original research, evaluation, or measurement study that is likely to contribute to improving educational theory, practice, and/or policy. (
  • Basically, the unit takes you through the meanings of test, measurement assessment and evaluation in education. (
  • Why Are Measurement, Assessment and Evaluation Important in Education? (
  • Educational assessment or educational evaluation [1] is the systematic process of documenting and using empirical data on the knowledge , skill , attitudes , and beliefs to refine programs and improve student learning. (
  • The Department of Educational Policy Studies and Evaluation offers programs leading to degrees in the Master of Science (M.S.) in Higher Education, M.S. in Social and Philosophical Studies in Education, M.S. in Research Methods in Education, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Studies in Higher Education, and the Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) in Educational Policy Studies, Measurement, and Evaluation. (
  • The department also participates in the College of Education's Interdisciplinary Ph.D. in Education Sciences degree program with strands in Philosophical and Cultural Inquiry and Educational Evaluation and Policy. (
  • In B. Frey (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of educational research, measurement, and evaluation (Vol. 1, pp. 1256-1257). (
  • In an era of curricular changes, experiments, and high-stakes testing, educational measurement and evaluation are more important than ever. (
  • In addition to expected entries covering the basics of traditional theories and methods, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation also covers important sociopolitical issues and trends influencing the future of that research and practice. (
  • Textbooks, handbooks, monographs, and other publications focus on various aspects of educational research, measurement, and evaluation, but to date, there exists no major reference guide for students new to the field. (
  • Although organized A-to-Z, front matter includes a Reader's Guide grouping entries thematically to help students interested in a specific aspect of education research, measurement, and evaluation to more easily locate directly related entries. (
  • In recent years, Sweden has adopted a criterion-referenced grading system, where the grade outcome is used for several purposes, but foremost for educational evaluation on student- and school levels as well as for selection to higher education. (
  • This thesis investigates the consequences of using criterion-referenced measurement for both educational evaluation and selection purposes. (
  • The conclusion is that the criterion-referenced grades, both in terms of being used for educational evaluation, and as an instrument for selection to higher education, are wanting both in reliability and in validity. (
  • The aim of the paper is evaluate present situation in marketing literature regarding to the measurement of marketing activities effectiveness and advice of possibility to use sophisticated methods for their evaluation. (
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham offers 1 Educational Assessment, Testing, and Measurement degree programs. (
  • In 2019, 20 Educational Assessment, Testing, and Measurement students graduated with students earning 20 Master's degrees. (
  • The book aims to help educational leaders, the administrators and the teachers who must grapple with the problems and the methods of assessment in order to improve educational practices for students everywhere. (
  • Follows a logical and developmental framework that takes readers from a general overview of the significance of assessment in education, to a discussion of how to evaluate the usefulness of different measurement strategies, to hands-on advice on how to construct accurate and effective assessment instruments, to a perceptive overview of the dos and don'ts of the field. (
  • Around 1980, I served for a time on the committee that made most of the important decisions about the National Assessment of Educational Progress. (
  • The goal of our project, funded by the National Science Foundation, was to develop and evaluate three Web-based instructional modules in educational measurement and statistics to help school personnel acquire the "assessment literacy" required for these roles. (
  • We think a discussion of the types of cognitive models underlying educational measures is useful not only for taxonomic ends, but also for becoming increasingly aware of evidentiary claims in educational assessment and for promoting the explicit identification of cognitive models in test development. (
  • We argue that standard setting is more appropriately conceived of as a measurement process similar to student assessment. (
  • User name: Jared St ein Bo o k: Measurement and Assessment in Teaching, Tent h Edit io n Page: No part o f any bo o k may be repro duced o r t ransmit t ed by any means wit ho ut t he publisher's prio r permissio n. (
  • Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. (
  • Assessment in Education, Educational and Psychological Measurement, Seminar in Measurement, Theories of Validity and Reliability. (
  • Welcome to the Educational Assessment & Measurement subject guide for the tutor, learner ,researcher and policy makers. (
  • NCME has established the NCME Applications of Educational Measurement and Assessment Book Series , which is intended to increase understanding and inform research-based applied educational measurement and assessment. (
  • Intended audiences include NCME members, graduate students in measurement and assessment, and professionals in related fields engaged in measurement and assessment (e.g., psychology, educational leadership, educational and learning policy, curriculum and instruction, learning sciences, and certification and licensure). (
  • Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement integrates new developments in educational measurement and educational psychology in order to provide researchers, testing professionals, and students with an innovative sociocognitive perspective on assessment. (
  • Introduction to basic concepts related to the assessment of the quality and effectiveness of educational programs and environments. (
  • Survey course on educational research methodologies which addresses issues of research design, methods, and interpretation of research findings, including a focus on test construction and psychometrics as they pertain to the development of assessment tools. (
  • Upper level students (largely psychology and counseling psychology) are occasionally asked to locate tests and measurements. (
  • This PhD in Psychology specialization focuses on classic educational psychology theory and how to use testing and measurement, with emphasis on adult learners. (
  • The master's program in educational psychology and methodology prepares you for a research career in education settings or advanced graduate studies in the psychology of human development, disability, teaching methods, and knowledge acquisition. (
  • Educational Psychology, Advanced Educational Psychology: Learning and Instruction, Motivation, Children's Learning and Cognition, Application of Cognitive Theories to English Language Arts and Social Studies, Self-Regulated Learning. (
  • Research Project in Educational Psychology, Educational Research Design. (
  • To apply, you only need to have earned 12 undergraduate or graduate credits in psychology, educational psychology, education, or related fields. (
  • This book introduces the theory and practice of measurement in education and psychology, with applications in the. (
  • Alongside the need for the integration of cognitive and educational psychology is the need for the consolidation of paradigms within cognitive psychology. (
  • The purpose of this review is to examine views about learning and the learner grounded in cognitive psychology and to discuss their implications for educational testing. (
  • The new perspectives about learning and the learner suggested by cognitive psychology imply changes in educational by: 5. (
  • Anderson offers systematic and accessible presentation of the theoretical foundations of higher mental processes, Implications of cognitive psychology for educational measurement book each important idea made concrete by specific examples and experiments. (
  • University of Nebraska The Buros-Nebraska Symposium was developed to address the broad issue of the influence of cognitive psychology on testing and measurement. (
  • and H.D. Hoover --Implications of cognitive psychology for educational measurement / Richard E. Snow and David F. (
  • Everyday low prices and free delivery Implications of cognitive psychology for educational measurement book eligible orders/5(41). (
  • Read "Implications of Cognitive Psychology for Measurement and Testing: Assessing Students' Knowledge Structures, Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. (
  • Much of the work derived from cognitive psychology has been integrated into various other modern disciplines such as cognitive science and of psychological study, including educational psychology, social psychology, personality. (
  • Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human study of learning processes, from both cognitive and behavioral perspectives, allows researchers to understand individual differences in intelligence, cognitive development, affect, motivation, self-regulation, and self-concept, as well as their role in learning. (
  • Students must be admitted into a graduate program in Educational Psychology or receive consent of Graduate Programs in Education to enrol in these courses. (
  • Admission to a graduate program in Educational Psychology or the consent of Graduate Programs in Education. (
  • Admission to a graduate program in Educational Psychology. (
  • Credit for Educational Psychology 602 and either Educational Psychology 681 or Applied Psychology 602 will not be allowed. (
  • Credit for Educational Psychology 603 and 612 .01 will not be allowed. (
  • Credit for Educational Psychology 604 and either Educational Psychology 603 or 614 will not be allowed. (
  • Advanced study of measurement and quantitative research methods for use in applied psychology and education. (
  • Credit for Educational Psychology 606 and 612 .03 will not be allowed. (
  • Credit for Educational Psychology 608 and Applied Psychology 608 will not be allowed. (
  • The Journal of Educational Measurement is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by the National Council on Measurement in Education. (
  • American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education, Joint Committee on Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (U.S. (
  • National Council on Measurement in Education. (
  • Educational Testing and Measurement: Classroom. (
  • Educational Testing and Measurement: Classroom Application and Practice (Seventh Edition). (
  • Effective Teaching Methods: Research Based Practice, Seventh Edition, Educational Testing and Measurement: Classroom Applications and Practice, 9e (Wiley, 2009). (
  • I am a hands on Other editions - View all Educational testing and measurement: classroom application and practice and practice. (
  • Educational Testing and Measurement: Classroom Application and Practice (Seventh Edition) Ebook By Tom Kubiszyn, Gary D. For a text that discusses statistics and educational testing, I found it to be very informative and user friendly. (
  • Educational measurement refers to the use of educational assessments and the analysis of data such as scores obtained from educational assessments to infer the abilities and proficiencies of students. (
  • In practice, educational measurement is largely concerned with the analysis of data from educational assessments or tests. (
  • However, certain approaches considered to be a part of psychometrics, including Classical test theory, Item Response Theory and the Rasch model, were originally developed more specifically for the analysis of data from educational assessments. (
  • The aim of theory and practice in educational measurement is typically to measure abilities and levels of attainment by students in areas such as reading, writing, mathematics, science and so forth. (
  • This Research Topic intends to present the cutting-edge research related to utilizing process data (in addition to product data such as item responses) in educational and psychological measurement for enhancing accuracy in ability parameter estimation, facilitating cognitive diagnosis, and aberrant responding behavior detection, to name a few. (
  • It is expected that different types of process data would be utilized to deal with measurement challenges or improve current practices in educational and psychological measurement. (
  • It is expected that the contributors of this Research Topic would continue this line of research in taking advantages of process data in either educational or psychological measurement. (
  • Areas: Educational measurement and/or psychological measurement. (
  • Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51, 755-765. (
  • Psychological and Educational Tests and Measurements A Finding Guide for OSU Library Faculty Dan Chaney Humanities and Social Sciences Division Why Tests & Measurements? (
  • We argue that while all educational tests may be based,explicitly or implicitly,on a cognitive model, the categories of cognitive models underlying tests often range in their development and in the psychological evidence gathered to support their value. (
  • You can gain the skills and knowledge to enhance your work in the classroom and other educational settings. (
  • Teacher Superstore is an accredited supplier of educational resources and classroom supplies to schools, teachers, parents, homeschoolers and students all across Australia. (
  • Courses in Educational Statistics and Measurement expose you to the general principles of inferential statistics, research methodology and experimental design, psychometrics, and categorical and qualitative research methods. (
  • In terms of the broad body of purely mathematical theory drawn on, there is substantial overlap between educational measurement and psychometrics. (
  • This program is designed to provide you with the knowledge and experience necessary to research existing analytical techniques, as well as to develop and apply new methodologies in educational measurement and statistics. (
  • Increased requirement of the practice for measurement of marketing activity effectiveness leads in higher education to the pressure on applying the methods of quantitative disciplines and on construing own methodologies when processing and evaluating researches of economic and social phenomena. (
  • Why do knowledge tests, questionnaires, and other tests and measurement instruments look like they do, and what methods are used to evaluate their characteristics? (
  • Application of sophisticated methods of marketing measurement activities as the basic marketing tools for measurements enables inter alia creation of the communication harmony between different functional corporate sectors (marketing is thus encouraged to speak "in the same language" which stresses effectiveness of its planned and realized activities). (
  • Overview of measurement methods -- 3. (
  • The aim of this study was to measure the RCL in a sample of extracted primary anterior teeth and compare the data obtained with the literature for educational and clinical purposes. (
  • Tests and measurements are survey tools designed to measure or gauge some quality, habit, trend or need. (
  • The authors selected the factorisation with seven dimensions (factor-7 instrument) as the most useful on pragmatic grounds and named it Evidence-Based Medicine Educational Environment Measure 67 (EBMEEM-67). (
  • This study attempts to measure the long-term impact of these educational experiences, especially to demonstrate their influence on the perceived social responsibility of future health professionals. (
  • Here is a chapter from Portfolio Performance Measurement and Benchmarking , which will help you create a system you can use to accurately measure your performance. (
  • Each book strengthens number skills by introducing measurement concepts and teaching children to measure objects' length, volume, or weight. (
  • Co-published with UCEA, this new textbook tackles Standard #2 of the Professional Standards for Educational Leaders (PSEL)-Ethics and Professional Norms. (
  • Norms and units for measurement -- 8. (
  • In 1962, I entered graduate school to study educational measurement under the top scholars in the field. (
  • Professionals in these and other roles commonly work alongside educational researchers, scholars, and experts to enact change and promote success at all levels of education. (
  • The master's degree programs in school counseling are accredited by the Council for the Accreditation ofCounseling and Other Related Educational Programs. (
  • Students also participate in an internship that provides opportunities to work under the direction of a senior evaluator, measurement specialist or researcher. (
  • Does the researcher want a copy of the actual test or measurement? (
  • Does the researcher only want a review of the test or measurement? (
  • It may also include the policies and actions professionals take to ensure teachers and other educational faculty are satisfied, supported, and able to effectively do their jobs. (
  • Educational leadership is ideal for students who want to transform preK-12 education, influencing policy and practices in a wide range of educational contexts and settings. (
  • They are educational beyond the school curriculum - they also teach life skills in real-world contexts. (
  • Ethical, legal and professional knowledge to inform practice in educational, counselling and mental health contexts. (
  • Would you like to gain a deeper understanding of the theoretical foundations for the designs of educational science instruments, and an increased knowledge of how to create reliable measurements, as well as practical knowledge of how to analyse the characteristics of different types of tasks, scales and tests? (
  • and 12 elective credits, 6 of which must be in Educational Statistics and Measurement. (
  • The educational activities included elective courses as well as community and service-learning experiences, referred to as GH gyms. (
  • One of the aims of applying theory and techniques in educational measurement is to try to place the results of different tests administered to different groups of students on a single or common scale through processes known as test equating. (
  • Nitko, Anthony J. is the author of 'Educational Tests and Measurement: An Introduction' with ISBN 9780155209107 and ISBN 0155209108. (
  • Why Tests & Measurements? (
  • Where Are Tests and Measurements Likely to Appear? (
  • Tests and measurements are creative acts, written by people (usually researchers and other experts. (
  • Generally, tests and measurements will be available only from a publisher for a price. (
  • The Library doesn't own measurements and tests, per se, although we do have many places we can look for them. (
  • Currently in its 14th edition (2001), the MMY is the standard source for critical reviews of commercially available tests and measurements. (
  • These tests will be administered by the School's medical service, allowing us to act quickly for the benefit of the safety of our Educational Community, and avoid the application of unnecessary isolation protocols. (
  • The purpose of this paper is to define and evaluate the categories of cognitive models underlying at least three types of educational tests. (
  • But how would I convert measurements with my ruler into real life measurements? (
  • Doctoral students can also add a minor in Educational Statistics and Measurement. (
  • A total of 758 students from different faculties took part to the educational experiences. (
  • Students in the higher education program aspire to be leaders in higher education, revolutionizing the field by working for social justice and equity in educational institutions. (
  • International education prepares students for careers building and strengthening educational systems across the world, primarily in post-conflict and post-colonial areas, working with populations marginalized by gender, race, ethnicity, poverty, war and other crises. (
  • Special education students become catalysts for change, helping increase educational opportunities and improve outcomes for children with disabilities and their families. (
  • Educational Leadership and Administration Graduate Programs On Campus may provide a wonderful option for students who prefer good old fashioned bricks and mortar education. (
  • These are all potential reasons why students like you might prefer to pursue advanced Educational Leadership and Administration Graduate Programs On Campus. (
  • In this article, the authors describe a study in which they used data from middle school mathematics and English-language arts teachers to inform research and practice on teacher performance measurement. (
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  • We hope your happy with this Measurement Worksheets for 3rd Grade Using Scale Map Worksheet Kids Activities Worksheets 7th idea. (
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  • Holdings: Introduction to educational measurement. (
  • If this is true for you, continue on to read more about on-campus graduate programs in educational leadership and administration. (
  • What is Educational Leadership? (
  • Educational leadership comprises the actions and skillsets of professionals who promote and support student achievement, teacher effectiveness, and institutional success. (
  • Many professionals in educational leadership and administration may be passionate about education and want to cultivate and support student, teacher, and institution success. (
  • In many educational leadership and administration graduate programs, professionals may develop the skills and knowledge they need to enact institutional and systemic policies, procedures, and reform. (
  • Who Might Pursue a Graduate Degree in Educational Leadership and Administration On-Campus? (
  • Professionals in pursuit of graduate-level educational leadership programs may have additional reasons. (
  • As to what types of people pursue advanced education in the field of educational leadership and administration, we can give you a sense. (
  • The educational intervention AERLI had already shown efficiency in reducing HCV at-risk practices and associated cutaneous complications and also seems to have a positive impact in increasing HCV testing in PWID. (
  • Social Justice and Educational Measurement addresses foundational concerns at the interface of standardized testing and social justice in American schools. (
  • Principles of educational meas. (
  • Interactive Flash animation demonstrating the principles of thermodilution measurement of cardiac output. (
  • A reliable tool was developed for measuring perceptions of the educational environment as it relates to evidence-based medicine as part of a multicountry randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a clinically integrated evidence- based medicine course. (
  • The RCL direct measurement method and the results obtained were in accordance with the literature reports and can be useful for educational purposes aiming at knowledge of dental anatomy and the clinical determination of root canal treatment viability and treatment of primary teeth, as RCL is one of the parameters for the indication/contra-indication of this therapy. (
  • Please visit MNCM Academy to access educational videos about submitting clinical quality data. (
  • Student learning is measured more than ever before, and that means that the education field needs professionals who have expertise in educational statistics and measurement. (
  • and teach basic courses in measurement, statistics, and research design. (
  • For further details, refer to the Educational Statistics and Measurement PhD Handbook (PDF) . (
  • Knowledge equivalent to the learning goals in QRMs course Basic statistics for educational research (QRM1800). (
  • The third volume in a series of Advanced Educational Statistics, Linear Regression maintains the no nonsense teaching. (
  • Occasionally travel to client locations for consultation, field measurements, installation. (
  • Children, families, and schools offers a program of study in child development, childhood studies, and learning, examining how they relate to educational practice from birth through the the elementary school years. (
  • The program is designed to (1) prepare persons for initial employment in educational research, (2) provide increased competency in research. (
  • Next, we review and evaluate three categories of cognitive models that have been identified for educational testing purposes using examples from the literature. (
  • A cheap optical component then measures how light penetrating through the finger changes its characteristics and the system converts these readings into blood pressure measurements. (
  • Important read for the adherents of standardized, test-based measurement from FORMER nationally-renowned specialist, Arizona State University Professor Dr. Gene Glass. (
  • 20 Best Measurement Resource Specialist jobs (Hiring Now! (
  • Some writers in the measurement literature have been skeptical of the meaningfulness of achievement standards and described the standard-setting process as blatantly arbitrary. (