Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Zoology: The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Schools: Educational institutions.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Foreign Medical Graduates: Physicians who hold degrees from medical schools in countries other than the ones in which they practice.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.School Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with health and nursing care given to primary and secondary school students by a registered nurse.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Education, Nursing, Graduate: Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Students, Nursing: Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.United StatesEducation, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Schools, Nursing: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of nursing.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Education, Nursing, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform nurses of recent advances in their fields.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Schools, Public Health: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.Schools, Pharmacy: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.College Admission Test: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Student Dropouts: Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Licensure, Medical: The granting of a license to practice medicine.Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Great BritainEducation, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Internship, Nonmedical: Advanced programs of training to meet certain professional requirements in fields other than medicine or dentistry, e.g., pharmacology, nutrition, nursing, etc.Vocational Education: Education for specific trades or occupations.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Pharmacology, Clinical: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Vocational Guidance: Systematic efforts to assist individuals in selecting an occupation or suitable employment on the basis of aptitude, education, etc.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.BrazilInterdisciplinary Studies: Programs of study which span the traditional boundaries of academic scholarship.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Community Medicine: A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Nursing Education Research: Investigations into the problems of integrating research findings into nursing curricula, developing problem solving skills, finding approaches to clinical teaching, determining the level of practice by graduates from different basic preparations, etc.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Professional Practice: The use of one's knowledge in a particular profession. It includes, in the case of the field of biomedicine, professional activities related to health care and the actual performance of the duties related to the provision of health care.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Aptitude Tests: Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Professional Misconduct: Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.CaliforniaHealth Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Credentialing: The recognition of professional or technical competence through registration, certification, licensure, admission to association membership, the award of a diploma or degree, etc.HumanitiesUrban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.International Educational Exchange: The exchange of students or professional personnel between countries done under the auspices of an organization for the purpose of further education.Programmed Instruction as Topic: Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.IndiaEmergency Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with the evaluation and initial treatment of urgent and emergent medical problems, such as those caused by accidents, trauma, sudden illness, poisoning, or disasters. Emergency medical care can be provided at the hospital or at sites outside the medical facility.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Specialty Boards: Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.Osteopathic Physicians: Licensed physicians trained in OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE. An osteopathic physician, also known as D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathy), is able to perform surgery and prescribe medications.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Orthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Schools, Veterinary: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.Physicians, Family: Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Microbiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.Mainstreaming (Education): Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Awards and PrizesPsychology, Educational: The branch of psychology concerned with psychological aspects of teaching and the formal learning process in school.Faculty, Nursing: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a nursing school.
  • The key question is not when you take your Core requirements, but how you see them providing the heart of a liberal arts education in a Jesuit setting. (bc.edu)
  • Nurses from other hospitals also avail of the post-graduate diploma in ophthalmic and Otolaryngology nursing. (ucd.ie)
  • Applications are open for the Graduate Diploma. (rvc.ac.uk)
  • The Graduate Diploma is managed and taught by leading veterinary professionals who are recognised by employers both within the UK and internationally. (rvc.ac.uk)
  • It permits exemption of a separated set of 40 MCs granted to students who have completed a polytechnic nursing diploma from Singapore (comprising 20 MCs for Unrestricted Elective Modules and 20 MCs for Programme Requirements). (nus.edu.sg)
  • Women first enrolled in day diploma courses in 1960, and changes to the federal government 's immigration policy resulted in many more European and Asian students entering the school. (wikipedia.org)
  • Graduating majors participate in the annual Thesis Exhibition, which serves as the capstone event, showcasing implementation of acquired skill sets. (wcsu.edu)
  • In this class, an interdisciplinary approach is taken in studying human development through the adult years, including old age. (study.com)
  • Adult nursing is a rewarding, dynamic and highly skilled profession. (qub.ac.uk)
  • Her background includes work as a clinical nurse specialist in adult acute care, particularly trauma care. (cedarcrest.edu)
  • 1,500 book titles that comprise half of the history of nursing records listed in the Franklin Online Catalog. (upenn.edu)