Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Conservation of Natural Resources
Health Care Reform
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Health Care Sector
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Health Care Costs
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Costs and Cost Analysis
A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment (using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
Delivery of Health Care
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Cost of Illness
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Emigration and Immigration
Biological Science Disciplines
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
Health Care Rationing
Health Services Needs and Demand
Water Loss, Insensible
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
National Health Programs
Physical Education and Training
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Health Services Research
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
Health Services Accessibility
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
The centerpieces of Baytown's economies are three industrial districts the city has created, all outside the city limits but ...
Economy. The main economic activities are:. *forestry. *agriculture. *stock raising. *fruit and vegetables ...
Culture and economy. The Indus Valley civilisation was mainly an urban culture sustained by surplus agricultural ...
Economy. See also: FATACIL. Lagoa is one of the most important tourist areas of the Algarve. There are various factors ... and has now assumed a permanent place in the local economy. Parallel to the growth of tourism has been the growth of all the ...
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Economy. The territory's natural resources are limited to fish and crustaceans. Economic activity is limited to servicing ...
Economy. Iriga City Central Terminal. Iriga City Public Market is one of the busiest in the region which makes the city ...
Baten, Jörg (2016). A History of the Global Economy. From 1500 to the Present. Cambridge University Press. p. 335. ISBN ... Ministry of Economy and Finances of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (2007), La Côte d'Ivoire en chiffres (in French), Abidjan: ... Ivory Coast - The Economy Archived 11 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Library of Congress ... "Ivory Coast - The Economy". Countrystudies.us. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2010.. ...
Groenewegen, Peter (2008). "'political economy'". In Durlauf, Steven N.; Blume, Lawrence E. (eds.). Political Economy. The New ... Jean Baptiste Say (1821). A Treatise on Political Economy: Or The Production, Distribution, and Consumption of Wealth. one. ... Jean Baptiste Say (1821). A Treatise on Political Economy; Or The Production, Distribution, and Consumption of Wealth. two. ... Money is a means of final payment for goods in most price system economies, and is the unit of account in which prices are ...
10 Economy *10.1 Agriculture. *10.2 Rainwater harvesting. *11 Industry *11.1 Wine industry ...
Political positions of Marine Le Pen
Economy and industry. Economic programme. On 17 October 2011, in front of the French Dexia headquarters in La ... She advocates the implementation of the "autarky of big spaces" and an "economy in concentric circles".[clarification needed] ... She has compared the economy to a raging river, using this metaphor to say that free trade is like allowing the torrent to flow ... she cited the UK's relative stability as an example of how France's economy would not necessarily suffer from leaving the euro. ...
Port Orange, Florida
Economy. Recent studies show the workforce to be educated, productive, and competitive, with 10 percent underemployed. ...
Economy. Originally a rail stop and logging town, the economy is mostly agricultural, largely citrus. The University of ...
Economy. The most important economic sector in the town, employing more than 20 per cent of the working population, is ...
Economy. Cities excavated in the area attributed to Philistines give evidence of careful town planning, including ...
Winfield, Mark S. Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario (University of British Columbia ... Mining and the forest products industry, notably pulp and paper, are vital to the economy of Northern Ontario. There has been ... The Green Energy and Green Economy Act, 2009 (GEA), takes a two-pronged approach to commercializing renewable energy: *bringing ... Tourism contributes heavily to the economy of Central Ontario, peaking during the summer months owing to the abundance of fresh ...
Economy. Bloemfontein's economy is driven by the private sector. Some of South Africa's largest retail companies have ...
There have been efforts to revive the city's post-war economy by the Shushi Revival Fund, the ArmeniaFund, and by the ...
As a result of the coming of the merchant ship, the tax decreased and weakened the economy and position of Sriwijaya. ... The economy of South Sumatra in the second quarter of 2017 continued to show improvement compared to previous quarters. The ... In his time, the sultanate's economy increased sharply because the sultan had mastered the techniques of how to trade well, ...
Economy. Central Road, roughly half a mile in length forms the focal point of Worcester Park. It hosts a number of shops ...
Economy. The Kissi are primarily farmers. Rice, their staple crop, is grown on most hillsides and in low, swampy areas. ...
Providence, Rhode Island
"Providence: Economy-Major Industries and Commercial Activity". City-Data.com. Advameg Inc. Retrieved June 3, 2007.. ... "Providence Economy". City-Data.com. Advameg Inc. 2007. Retrieved March 13, 2007.. ... Economy. Around 1830, Providence had manufacturing industries in metals, machinery, textiles, jewelry, and silverware. ... The economy shifted from maritime endeavors to manufacturing, in particular machinery, tools, silverware, jewelry, and textiles ...
Economy. Dessie is located along Ethiopian Highway 2. It has postal service (a post office was established in the 1920s ...
The hosting of foreign military bases is an important part of Djibouti's economy. The United States pays $63 million a year to ... Djibouti's economy is largely concentrated in the service sector. Commercial activities revolve around the country's free trade ...
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Economy. *$1.29 billion a year contributed to the South Texas economy. ...
Slavery in ancient Egypt
Economy. Ancient Egypt was a peasant-based economy and it was not until the Greco-Roman period that slavery became a ...
5 Economy. *6 Religious sites. *7 Transport *7.1 London Buses. *7.2 London Underground ...
Economy. Although Biarritz's economy was based on fishing before, nowadays it has a modern economy due to the ...
Economy. Apart from considerable agriculture, retail and office premises in towns, Uttlesford District includes London ... For more detailed analysis of strengths and specializations in the economy see individual settlements, for instance the article ...
Economy. Main article: Economy of Martinique. In 2014, Martinique had a total GDP of 8.4 billion euros. Its economy is ... Historically, Martinique's economy relied on agriculture, notably sugar and bananas, but by the beginning of the 21st century ... further straining the economy. Greater autonomy was granted by France to the island in the 1970s-80s ... who still dominate parts of the agricultural and trade sectors of the economy. Whites in total represent 5% of the ...
Economy. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Narmada one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a ...
How Trump Administrations Sweeping Refugee Cuts Could Impact the Economy. "I can see this having a large impact on the economy ... How to Hack Your Way to a Better Flight in Basic Economy. Is it possible to get the cheapest fare and enjoy a long flight in ... "The U.S. economy appears to be slowing, and respondents expect still slower growth over the next 12 months," NABE President ... Local Economies Dont Falter Despite Trumps Trade War: Yelp Data. "As China trade tensions, Fed deliberations and impeachment ...
Internet Economy - OECD
Informal economy - Wikipedia
An informal economy (informal sector or grey economy) is the part of any economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by ... Schneider, Friedrich (2013). The Shadow Economy in Europe. University of Linz.. *^ a b c d e f g h UNRISD. 2010. "Gender ... Comparison of shadow economies in EU countries. German shadow economy 1975-2015, Friedrich Schneider University Linz ... The criminal economy produces illegal goods and services. The informal economy also does not include the reproductive or ...
Canada - Economy
... Canada is a modern industrialized economy whose economic output and growth are enhanced by its highly ... Finally, the service economy in the United States has an 8.5-percent larger share than in Canada. Finance, insurance, and real ... and its highly developed economy. Canadas highly developed capital structure and its long open border with the United States ... both comparative advantage in factor endowments and bilateral intra-industry trade in similar products fueled by economies of ...
Venezuela - Economy
Venezuelas economy that is clearly going through a process of very important decomposition. Venezuela was the economy of the ... The economy was expected to contract in 2016 for the third consecutive year. Venezuelas economy shrank 5.7 percent in 2015, ... Economy - Overview. The Venezuelan Government dominates the economy. There is considerable income inequality. The Gini ... If true, Venezuelas economy would have seen a 50 percent contraction over the course of the last five years, putting it among ...
Economy of Senegal - Wikipedia
Republic of Senegal Ministry of Economy and Finance, Political Economy Unit (UPE). January 2003. ... Current state of economy. External trade and investment. The fishing sector has replaced the groundnut sector as ... Economy of Senegal. Dakar, Senegals place de lIndépendance: a center of government, banking and trade. In the background is ... Economy of Senegal at Curlie (based on DMOZ). *(in French) Official Website: Republique du Senegal: MINISTÈRE DE LECONOMIE ET ...
Economy of Niue
Economy Update | ScienceBlogs
... but here is what I have been reading on the economy. Tyler Cowen attributes the financial bubble to three main causes: The ... The Anglo-Saxon economies may have led the way but continental Europe and Japan eventually followed (after a lot of grumbling) ... I have been a bit lax on the blogging, but here is what I have been reading on the economy. ... I remain skeptical that any regulatory agency can police that world economy effectively, but I would rather this debate not ...
Economy of Vanuatu
After a downturn in 2001 and 2002 due to a decrease in tourism funding,[clarification needed] the economy was expected to grow ... Vanuatus economy is primarily agricultural; 80% of the population is engaged in agricultural activities that range from ... The government declared 2007 to be "the Year of the Traditional Economy" (Bislama: kastom ekonomi), encouraging the trade of ...
The silver economy
Dumont, who is also Chair of the AFNOR Focus Group on the Silver Economy, one of the main sectors identified in the French ... This brings us neatly on to the new prospects of the silver economy - the market for goods and services for people aged 65 and ... Eighty is the new 20! A demographic shift is creating the so-called "silver" economy and a new and powerful consumer class. ... Most academics agree that an ageing population lowers the long-term structural growth rate of an economy, citing Japan as a ...
Sluggish Economy Definition
The term can refer to the economy as a whole or a component of it. ... A sluggish economy is a state of an economy when growth is slow, flat or declining. ... A sluggish economy is a state of an economy in which growth is slow, flat or declining. The term can refer to the economy as a ... Understanding a Sluggish Economy When the economy is in a sluggish state, it is generally harmful for a business since ...
Colorado Economy at a Glance
Economy & Jobs | The White House
Economy Department with Ezra Klein
Hampton: Transfering control of 30% of the America economy, just like seizing the banks and GM, hardly inspires confidence. The ... The government seized the banks because the banks, private companies, fell apart, and almost took the economy with them. And ... private health insurance debate? Here we have an economy that is barely escaping deflation and the health insurance companies ... Daschle couldnt have made the argument about the economy with the same credibility. So maybe it was all for the best. ...
Economy - Wikipedia
A gig economy is one in which short-term jobs are assigned or chosen via online platforms. New economy is a term that referred ... Economy from then on meant national economy as a topic for the economic activities of the citizens of a state. The first ... A green economy is low-carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive. In a green economy, growth in income and employment ... The informal economy is thus not included in that governments gross national product (GNP). Although the informal economy is ...
Sweden Overview: Economy | Infoplease
Brazilian Economy | Asia Times
Ground Economy Shipping | FedEx
FedEx Ground Economy shipping may be a great option for your business if you are seeking cost savings and have low-weight, non- ... Are FedEx Ground Economy and FedEx SmartPost the same service?. FedEx SmartPost has been renamed FedEx Ground Economy. But ... What is FedEx Ground Economy Returns?. FedEx Ground Economy Returns (formerly called FedEx SmartPost Returns) is a shipping ... What is FedEx Ground Economy?. FedEx Ground Economy (formerly called FedEx SmartPost) is a cost-efficient shipping option for ...
India's Booming Economy - WSJ
Europe - Economy | Britannica.com
Economy: Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, ... Economy. Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, ... In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, manufacturing remained important to Europes economy but increasingly was ...
Economy | News | European Parliament
Iran's Economy - Mother Jones
The world cassava economy
... to the sectors expansion and suggests areas for action to enhance the further development of the world cassava economy. ... This FAO/IFAD study analyses and highlights the current structure of the world cassava economy, with emphasis on production, ... Extending the root shelf life is considered highly beneficial goal for the cassava economy, as the rapid deterioration of the ... Second, the global sugar/starch economy is probably one of the most regulated and politically complex in international ...
China's economy losing steam
Chinas economy is slowing and growth in 2014 could fall short of the governments official target, according to a CNNMoney ... Chinas economy lost momentum in the first quarter and growth in 2014 could fall short of the governments official target, ... Chinas GDP growth is being closely watched as the government works to reform the worlds second largest economy after years of ... For the third consecutive quarter, the majority of economists said credit growth remains the biggest risk to Chinas economy. ...
Economy Briefs - Washington Times
Second Great Depression : economy
A mostly unmoderated forum for economy, business, politics, stocks, bonds, product releases, IPOs, advice, news, investment, ... economy. joinleave176,185 readers. 666 users here now. Economy. Like a free market, this subreddit is mostly unregulated. If ... But the demand in the economy has never been stronger, whats being actively sabotaged is confidence in the economy. McConnell ... Which is fine, but when youre trying to stimulate the economy you do have to factor in debt levels that were built up when ...
Florida's economy - CSMonitor.com
economy class syndrome - Wiktionary
Project MUSE - Cambodian Economy
Since 1993, the Cambodian economy has undergone a dramatic and rapid transformation. The traditional economy, based on ... Cambodian Economy: Charting the Course of a Brighter Future - A Survey of Progress, Problems and Prospects. ... The two decades that followed dramatically transformed the society and economy of Cambodia. The seizure of power by the Khmer ... The Cambodian people redoubled their efforts to reconstruct the country, organize the economy, set up the school system, reopen ...
Japan's Economy Shrinks - WSJ
... confirming fears that the worlds second-largest economy has entered a slump at the same time as some other major countries. ... Japans economy shrank for the first time in a year in the April-June quarter, ... TOKYO -- Japans economy shrank for the first time in a year in the April-June quarter, confirming fears that the worlds ... Japans Economy Shrinks Largest Contraction In Nearly Seven Years Is First in 12 Months. ...
2017GrowthWorld'sChina's2019Japan'sNation's economyCountry's economyCircular economyMarketsRecession2018Political EconomySluggish economyGlobally2020Informal economyWorldScaleNewsSocietiesArgentina'sSocio-economicContentGrewIndiaBoostEconomicsTrumpFail1992Digital EconomyCountries90,000Germany's2001StimulateMainInnovationDownturnKnowledge economyWorkerGlobal economyStateExportsBusiness2000ConsumptionDrivenInflationGreen economyHurtsReformConsequencesTechnological innovationsWeakWelfare
- Since 2017, the case for decentralized blockchain learning economies has grown stronger along with its criticisms. (wikipedia.org)
- The 2017 China Marine Economy Expo (CMEE) will be held in Zhanjiang, Guangdong province, from Dec 14 to 17. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- The four-day China Marine Economy Expo (CMEE) 2017 ended in Zhanjiang, Guangdong province on Dec 17. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- A large-scale marine culture-themed sand sculpture exhibition will take place at Jinsha Bay of Zhanjiang in December in conjunction with the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- Training sessions for nearly 400 volunteers for the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo got underway at Lingnan Normal University, Zhanjiang on Nov 25. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- An array of advanced marine equipment will be put on display at the State Pavilion of the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- Zhanjiang will open special waterborne bus lines during the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo, which will be held at the Zhanjiang Olympic Sports Center from Dec 14 to 17. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- The U.S. economy appears to be slowing, and respondents expect still slower growth over the next 12 months," NABE President Constance Hunter said. (newsweek.com)
- Canada is a modern industrialized economy whose economic output and growth are enhanced by its highly educated population and intense use of capital. (globalsecurity.org)
- The rural economy holds significant potential for creating decent and productive jobs and contributing to sustainable development and economic growth. (ilo.org)
- Most academics agree that an ageing population lowers the long-term structural growth rate of an economy, citing Japan as a real-life example of this phenomenon at work. (iso.org)
- A sluggish economy is a state of an economy in which growth is slow, flat or declining. (investopedia.com)
- A sluggish economy also has a negative effect on the labor market as businesses are less willing to hire more staff in times of weak economic growth . (investopedia.com)
- In a sluggish global economy, many countries can still experience positive growth, but the overall slowing pace is still considered a sign of sluggishness. (investopedia.com)
- A Goldilocks economy has steady economic growth, preventing a recession, but not so much growth that inflation rises by too much. (investopedia.com)
- Henry Mance, head of research at the FT's Brazil Confidential, tells Long View columnist John Authers that Brazilians' reluctance to take on new loans despite expectations of earning growth should boost sluggish consumer spending and help the economy. (ft.com)
- In a green economy, growth in income and employment is driven by public and private investments that reduce carbon emissions and pollution, enhance energy and resource efficiency, and prevent the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. (wikipedia.org)
- China's economy lost momentum in the first quarter and growth in 2014 could fall short of the government's official target, according to a CNNMoney survey of economists. (cnn.com)
- China's GDP growth is being closely watched as the government works to reform the world's second largest economy after years of runaway expansion. (cnn.com)
- For the third consecutive quarter, the majority of economists said credit growth remains the biggest risk to China's economy. (cnn.com)
- The European Commission's Circular Economy Package includes revised legislative proposals on waste to stimulate Europe's transition towards a circular economy which will boost global competitiveness, foster sustainable economic growth and generate new jobs. (europa.eu)
- Does a sudden jump in the growth of the U.S. economy mean an end to the recession? (pbs.org)
- The economy grew 1.1 percent in 2001, the weakest growth since a 0.5 percent decline in 1991. (marketwatch.com)
- Globally, mobile adoption is a unifying force, but the localization of the mobile economy is incredibly important in India for long term and sustainable growth. (brookings.edu)
- The aim of the GFKE is to strengthen the OECD's global relations and to take a broad and coherent view of the contribution of science, technology and innovation to the knowledge economy, essential for designing policy frameworks that will drive economic growth and social welfare in the 21st century. (oecd.org)
- In its second edition, the Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy looked at approaches and policies that can help develop a sustainable and inclusive future with strong, green and inclusive growth. (oecd.org)
- This could come from a German economy prepared to reduce its formidable trade surplus, from easier European monetary policies that spur growth and competitiveness, or from increased deployment of central funds such as those of the European Investment Bank or perhaps other sources. (reuters.com)
- Except for a slump in 2009, when the economy grew by only 2.8%, economic growth has averaged 7.7% over the last five years. (un.org)
- Economic growth in 2016 is expected to rise to 8%, which will make DRC's one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. (un.org)
- In spite of weakening global economic growth and a decline in both demand and price for minerals, DRC's economy is expected to remain resilient, according to the World Bank, because of the increase in public and private investments, particularly in infrastructure, that have accompanied the recent mineral boom. (un.org)
- In other words, the fastest job growth in the American economy today falls into two groups. (nytimes.com)
- Japan has struggled to sustain economic growth since a property-price bubble burst in the early 1990s, prompting years of deflation that persists to this day and huge government borrowing aimed at sparking fresh life into the economy. (telegraph.co.uk)
- BERLIN (Reuters) - German industrial output and trade activity rose sharply in April but the Bundesbank cut its growth forecast for this year, saying Europe's largest economy would slow down again after a second-quarter surge. (reuters.com)
- But Germany's central bank said the economy would slow considerably after a strong second quarter, cutting its 2013 growth forecast by 0.1 percentage points to 0.3 percent and its estimate for 2014 growth to 1.5 percent from 1.9 percent. (reuters.com)
- Germany's traditionally export-driven economy is relying on domestic demand to prop up growth as foreign trade looks likely to act a drag this year, given that much of the euro zone, where it sends 40 percent of its exports, is lingering in recession. (reuters.com)
- Growth was only 1.4 percent in the first half of 2013, and the economy is still creating too few jobs to increase worker earnings, which actually declined in July . (huffingtonpost.com)
- Covid battered an already sluggish economy, weakened by poor growth, job losses and stagnant exports. (yahoo.com)
- Spain's Economy Minister Luis de Guindos said recently that Spain is serious about being an economic-growth " role model " for Europe. (thenextweb.com)
- The report notes that the three largest African economies-Nigeria, Angola and South Africa-play a big role in the region's growth. (worldbank.org)
- Growth in resource-intensive economies was buoyed by stronger commodity prices and higher mining production, according to the Pulse, but also benefited from higher agricultural production and more public investment in the necessary infrastructure to connect people and goods to markets. (worldbank.org)
- And non-resource-intensive economies such as Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, and several in the West African Economic and Monetary Union, including Benin and Côte d'Ivoire recorded solid economic growth in 2018. (worldbank.org)
- This is to be expected as the U.S. is still the world's largest economy and a vital source of trade and investment for much of the rest of the world. (investopedia.com)
- TOKYO -- Japan's economy shrank for the first time in a year in the April-June quarter, confirming fears that the world's second-largest economy has entered a slump at the same time as some other major countries. (wsj.com)
- De Soto's key insight, formulated in the mid-'80s and refined since, is that the failure to acknowledge the property rights of the developing world's poor shuts them out of the economy and cripples capitalism. (slate.com)
- Although experts say such events don't pose a threat to the financial system, letting more companies fail is fraught with risk, as it could further slow China's economy and undermine social stability. (cnn.com)
- Column: Is China's economy a house of cards? (pbs.org)
- Will China's shift to a consumer-oriented economy succeed? (pbs.org)
- China's one-child policy created a demographic wave that is beginning to crash on the economy. (pbs.org)
- Investigating China's Online Underground Economy was put together by researchers at California University's Institute on Global Conflict and Co-operation to highlight the scale and sophistication of China's cyber black market and to aid global collaboration efforts against hi-tech crime. (theregister.co.uk)
- According to ECLAC, the economy contracted by 25.5 percent in 2019, amounting to a cumulative GDP loss of 62.2 percent since 20131. (globalsecurity.org)
- The ongoing crisis in Venezuela will continue to take a toll on the country's economy, resulting in accumulated GDP losses of more than 50 percent since 2013, the International Monetary Fund projected on 25 January 2019. (globalsecurity.org)
- In April of 2019, research was published at Harvard Kennedy School making a case for a new form of Economy Corporation (E-Corp) to govern this decentralized Learning Economy. (wikipedia.org)
- Japan's economy shrank much more-than-expected in the fourth quarter, as Thai floods, a strong yen and weak demand hurt exports, casting doubt on hopes for a quick pick up in activity. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda hopes to contain the rise in Japan's debt pile - now already twice the size of the economy - by doubling the country's 5pc sales tax by late 2015, but has yet to win over a combative opposition and a sceptical public. (telegraph.co.uk)
- The nation's economy expanded at a modest to moderate pace across most of the country the past six weeks as the housing recovery continued to show solid gains but federal budget cuts dampened manufacturing. (usatoday.com)
- The fur industry, once vitally important but no longer dominant in the nation's economy, is centered in Quebec and Ontario. (factmonster.com)
- Yet beyond the troubling media headlines and the reminders of a bloody past, the country's economy is performing almost unscathed. (un.org)
- The circular economy: find out what it means, how it benefits you, the environment and our economy thanks to our video and infographic. (europa.eu)
- The Circular Economy Package consists of an EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy that establishes a concrete and ambitious programme of action, with measures covering the whole cycle: from production and consumption to waste management and the market for secondary raw materials. (europa.eu)
- Video of circular_economy. (europa.eu)
- Within the partnership of the Urban Agenda for the EU on circular economy , cities, EU countries and the European Commission seek to identify innovative solutions to stimulate the re-use, repair, refurbishment and recycling of existing materials and products. (europa.eu)
- Markets believe that the Iranian situation will not have a major negative effect on the world economy. (newsweek.com)
- Due to the growing importance of the financial sector in modern times, the term real economy is used by analysts as well as politicians to denote the part of the economy that is concerned with the actual production of goods and services, as ostensibly contrasted with the paper economy, or the financial side of the economy, which is concerned with buying and selling on the financial markets. (wikipedia.org)
- What is appealing about this Supertrend is that whatever the state of the world economy, politics and other more medium-term drivers, population aging will continue, creating needs that are associated with old age in healthcare, insurance and funding solutions, consumer and property markets. (credit-suisse.com)
- Recession Worries Move to DEFCON 3 But are bond markets signaling a flagging economy - or simply calculating the effects of Trump's pressure campaign on the Federal Reserve? (nymag.com)
- This Election Might Be Important to You-But It's Not So Important to the Economy While the midterms obviously have vast significance to the public, the markets are mostly yawning. (nymag.com)
- You will be able to choose from specialist courses in aspects of political economy including monetary union, welfare states, labour markets, models of capitalism, fiscal (dis-)integration, transition and development, international trave and investment, finance, and others. (lse.ac.uk)
- Extended periods of sluggishness can easily lead into a recession, so a sluggish economy is often considered a leading indicator of a potentially steeper downturn. (investopedia.com)
- For example, both during and after the Great Recession , a sluggish American economy had a negative effect on the global economy. (investopedia.com)
- Recession resistant sectors like healthcare also benefit as a sluggish economy keeps costs low, with more businesses and individuals competing aggressively for the spending dollars of organizations that are still flush with cash. (investopedia.com)
- A recession is a significant decline in activity across the economy lasting longer than a few months. (investopedia.com)
- Good News: A Recession Looks Less Likely Now After some scary data in recent months, the economy seems to be humming along nicely again. (nymag.com)
- The economy entered into a recession in April, according to the private National Bureau of Economic Research. (marketwatch.com)
- If the numbers hold up, the economy might make it through the recession with only one quarter of contracting GDP. (marketwatch.com)
- In stark confirmation that Britain is in the grip of recession, Government statistics showed on Wednesday that the economy fell by 1.2 percent in the third quarter. (nytimes.com)
- Economists said the trade and output data raised the chances the economy would grow at a faster pace in the second quarter, after expanding just 0.1 percent in the first three months, barely avoiding a recession. (reuters.com)
- Fourteen of the 18 major sectors of the state's economy lost jobs during the recession, but only two (other services and management of companies) have completely made up recession losses. (gothamgazette.com)
- The NBER's Political Economy Program was created in 2006 and has flourished and expanded in a variety of directions since then, reflecting the rapidly growing interest of the profession in this area. (nber.org)
- Political economy has even expanded methodologically. (nber.org)
- This programme draws on different theoretical approaches to political economy (positive, comparative and international political economy) and is taught by staff with academic expertise in the field and experience of policy-making in different parts of Europe. (lse.ac.uk)
- It provides theoretical foundations from both economics and political science, whilst developing an expansive knowledge of theoretical and applied areas of political economy. (lse.ac.uk)
- Introduction to political economy. (lse.ac.uk)
- The political economy of inequality and redistribution. (lse.ac.uk)
- What is a Sluggish Economy? (investopedia.com)
- Financial media often use the term 'sluggish economy. (investopedia.com)
- A sluggish economy can actually be ideal for certain businesses and sectors. (investopedia.com)
- During a sluggish economy, investors want to focus on companies that either provide essentials or the best value for a consumer's dollar-and ideally a company that provides both. (investopedia.com)
- This downward pressure can offer an opportunity to short some higher-end brands, but a sluggish economy alone should not be the sole trade trigger. (investopedia.com)
- And, if we wish for the European economy to be able to truly compete globally, these changes are a must. (europa.eu)
- On January 30, 2020, the state of Colorado's Department of Higher Education and the Learning Economy Foundation partnered to provide a three year empirical study of a statewide decentralized education and workplace ecosystem as a test case for other states and nations. (wikipedia.org)
- An informal economy ( informal sector or grey economy )   is the part of any economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government. (wikipedia.org)
- Informal economy: Haircut on a sidewalk in Vietnam. (wikipedia.org)
-  Integrating the informal economy into the formal sector is an important policy challenge. (wikipedia.org)
- In many cases, unlike the formal economy, activities of the informal economy are not included in a country's gross national product (GNP) or gross domestic product (GDP). (wikipedia.org)
-  While both of these definitions imply a lack of choice or agency in involvement with the informal economy, participation may also be driven by a wish to avoid regulation or taxation. (wikipedia.org)
-  He argues that circumvention of labor market regulations specifying minimum wages, working conditions, social security, unemployment and disability benefits gives rise to an informal economy, which deprives some workers of deserved benefits while conveying undeserved benefits to others. (wikipedia.org)
- Daily life of the informal economy in the streets of Bolivia . (wikipedia.org)
- The informal economy in sub-Saharan Africa is around 54 per cent. (ilo.org)
- While these needs are sometimes met by publicly funded home health aides, in the absence of such policies, many households turn to workers in the informal economy because it is easier and more affordable. (ilo.org)
- As a result, the ILO estimates some 50 million domestic workers are working in the informal economy, in which there is a concentration of decent work deficits. (ilo.org)
- I remain skeptical that any regulatory agency can police that world economy effectively, but I would rather this debate not rapidly devolve into ideological opinions about regulation in general. (scienceblogs.com)
- Although the world economies are leveraged to global commodities and finance in different ways, there have been many cases of a sluggish global economy affecting all countries and most sectors. (investopedia.com)
- Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, industrial development, and the provision of specialized services. (britannica.com)
- If the region surrounding the Great Lakes was its own country, it would be the 3rd largest economy in the world with a GDP of $6 trillion. (businessinsider.com)
- Feb 7 - The world watches to see how Egypt's economy stands up to the fallout from the country's political uprising which brought it to a halt. (reuters.com)
- Canada's highly developed capital structure and its long open border with the United States encourage economic specialization to achieve economies of scale in production. (globalsecurity.org)
- Canadian exports reflect both comparative advantage in factor endowments and bilateral intra-industry trade in similar products fueled by economies of scale, product differentiation, and specialization in various stages of the production process. (globalsecurity.org)
- Depending on how long an economy remains sluggish, there can be several shakeouts at the higher end of the conspicuous consumption scale. (investopedia.com)
- Many distributed applications have tested economic models that incentivize students and teachers, but without institutional and government support there is little chance of many national learning economies adopting at scale any time soon. (wikipedia.org)
- Our economy is squandering the productive labor of unemployed men and women on a colossal scale, and our homegrown small businesses that depend on local sales are put in jeopardy because the unemployment crisis deprives them -- even more than other businesses --of customers with money in their pockets. (gothamgazette.com)
- Real Time Economics offers exclusive news, analysis and commentary on the U.S. and global economy, central bank policy and economics. (wsj.com)
- Argentina's economy, which is one of the more powerful in the region, is dependent on services and manufacturing , although agribusiness and ranching dominated the economy for much of the 19th and 20th centuries. (britannica.com)
- Argentina's economy could grow up to 7 percent in 2010 as the worst of the global financial crisis eases, Economy Minister Amado Boudou was quoted as saying in a local paper on Saturday. (ibtimes.com)
- For several reasons many prefer the term 'the learning economy' in characterising the current phase of socio-economic development. (wikipedia.org)
- These factors give context, content, and set the conditions and parameters in which an economy functions. (wikipedia.org)
- The economy grew 4.1 percent in 2000. (marketwatch.com)
- Mobile network operators have a functioning monopoly since they built the mobile economy in India. (brookings.edu)
- A raft of major investment projects are set to significantly boost the marine economy of the southern port city of Zhanjiang - already a leading commercial powerhouse for the province of Guangdong. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- Building an Indian mobile commerce platform could boost the Indian economy. (brookings.edu)
- Further, reduced tax rates could boost saving and investment, which would increase the productive capacity of the economy. (investopedia.com)
- Keynesian Economics is an economic theory of total spending in the economy and its effects on output and inflation developed by John Maynard Keynes. (investopedia.com)
- Today the range of fields of study examining the economy revolves around the social science of economics, but may include sociology (economic sociology), history (economic history), anthropology (economic anthropology), and geography (economic geography). (wikipedia.org)
- The GDP report "adds further weight to the idea that pre-Sept. 11th, the economy was stabilizing, which is why the data now point to recovery," said Ian Shepherdson, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency Economics. (marketwatch.com)
- NZ Herald Business Editor-at-large Liam Dann is joined by economists Shamubeel Eaqub and HSBC's Paul Bloxham for the first edition of 'The Economy Hub' - a weekly look at economics. (nzherald.co.nz)
- The economy has come roaring back to life under President Trump. (whitehouse.gov)
- Trump Officials Are Too Out of Touch to Get Why the Shutdown Hurts the Economy They think it is no big deal because the workers will get paid eventually. (nymag.com)
- Trump Fears Greatest Economy in History Is on Brink of Collapse If the economy was as strong as Trump says, it could easily withstand some small interest rate hikes. (nymag.com)
- The legislation-which the Senate had enough sense of irony to attach to a mental health bill-implicitly recognizes that major financial institutions have become too interwoven with the global economy to be allowed to fail. (slate.com)
- In a study just published on the Brookings Institution's Web site , Ian Hathaway and I found that the share of mature firms, or those at least 16 years old, rose 50 percentage points between 1992 and 2011, from 23% to 34% of all firms in the U.S. economy. (brookings.edu)
- German voters go to the polls on 18 September, and Bill Clinton's election mantra of 1992 - "It's the economy, stupid" - could have been written just for this campaign. (bbc.co.uk)
- If you thought the esteem of the UK parliament couldn't fall any lower after last year's devastating expenses scandal , then the passing of the Digital Economy Bill in a parliamentary process known as the 'wash-up' will have come as something of a shock. (zdnet.com)
- That leaves just a week to finish off the outstanding parliamentary business, including the dreadful Digital Economy bill, before MPs fan out across the country to meet their electorate (many, especially those defending marginal seats, have already set off). (zdnet.com)
- T]his is a single market, and Europe has invested massively in [the digital economy], and we believe the current regulation is not fit for the purpose. (thenextweb.com)
- Although the informal sector makes up a significant portion of the economies in developing countries, it is sometimes stigmatized as troublesome and unmanageable. (wikipedia.org)
- Additionally, fertility rates in developed countries, and in many economies, have fallen so far that they face a shortage of younger workers and consumers. (iso.org)
- Foreign aid from the Soviet Union, Viet Nam, and other countries of the Soviet bloc, as well as from some fifteen Western nongovernment organizations enabled the People's Republic of Kampuchea to begin the reconstruction of the economy and society. (jhu.edu)
- It also provides a vehicle for dialogue among policy makers, business, consumers and other stakeholders in member and non-member economies on policy approaches that will help expand the benefits of the knowledge economy to all countries, including the less developed ones. (oecd.org)
- In major western countries, the online underground economy typically uses Internet Relay Chat (IRC) protocols to build black market advertising and communication channels. (theregister.co.uk)
- The report claims that in 2011 the online underground involved over 90,000 participants, costing the local economy 5.36 billion yuan (£536m), making victims of 110m internet users (roughly 22 per cent) and affecting 1.1m web sites (20 per cent). (theregister.co.uk)
- Is Germany's economy recovering? (bbc.co.uk)
- Germany's economy, once the engine of European prosperity, is one of the eurozone's worst performers - so what are the prospects for a recovery? (bbc.co.uk)
- New ideas for new jobs" - the slogans on the campaign posters are interchangeable, but one thing is constant: This campaign is focused on the state of Germany's economy like none before. (bbc.co.uk)
- In particular, weak domestic demand hurts the small and medium-sized enterprises that are the backbone of Germany's economy - its famous Mittelstand. (bbc.co.uk)
- After a downturn in 2001 and 2002 due to a decrease in tourism funding, [ clarification needed ] the economy was expected to grow by 3.9%, increasing to 4.3% in 2007. (princeton.edu)
- Much of the initial theories about the advent of a fundamentally new era in which economic activity is increasingly 'abstract', i.e., disconnected from land, labour, and physical capital (machines and industrial infrastructure) and also capital in terms of fund was associated with the 'business management' literature of the 'new economy' NASDAQ bubble, which collapsed in 2001 (but slowly recovered, albeit, in a leaner format, throughout the 2000s). (wikipedia.org)
- Which is fine, but when you're trying to stimulate the economy you do have to factor in debt levels that were built up when sizing the amounts given out. (reddit.com)
- The People's Bank of China is desperate to stimulate a slowing economy, but flagging enthusiasm for Chinese assets is blunting its traditional monetary policy tools and forcing the central bank to adopt different tactics. (cnbc.com)
- In emerging economies, out-ofpocket (OOP) expenses typically form a large part of overall health expenditures, with government and compulsory health insurance the second main category. (credit-suisse.com)
- Zhanjiang Olympic Sports Center, the main venue for the 2016 China Marine Economy Expo, is located at the north side of the Haiwan Bridge in Potou district. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- It is argued that pure market economies, if such existed, would have severe problems in terms of learning and innovation. (wikipedia.org)
- In early December, the Center for Technology Innovation convened a Mobile Summit discussing Mobile Technology's Impact on Emerging Economies and Global Opportunity . (brookings.edu)
- Startups like Airbnb and Uber that are driving the global sharing economy are meeting stiff resistance from Spanish regulators bent on shutting these companies down and stifling the job creation powered by tech innovation. (thenextweb.com)
- What's more, the past few years have witnessed a flourishing of economic innovation, a profusion of ideas about how to spur entrepreneurship, manage an economy, and preserve oil wealth. (slate.com)
- The knowledge economy can be defined as one marked by technological dynamism, including in those sectors not always associated with cutting edge innovation, such as agribusiness or heavy industry. (ebrd.com)
- But the downturn in the economy has left some hospitals in perilous financial shape. (npr.org)
- Plan Avanza, Spain's national Information Society strategy, has helped it into the knowledge economy. (oecd.org)
- The term "knowledge economy" conjures up images of Silicon Valley, hi-tech start-ups and people tweeting from Wi-Fi-enabled cafes. (ebrd.com)
- In order to thrive, the knowledge economy relies on an adequate institutional framework, good education, strong communications infrastructure and a supportive financing environment. (ebrd.com)
- A learning economy is a society that values skills like assets, where learning and employment information is readily exchanged from institution to institution, and controlled by the learner and worker. (wikipedia.org)
- The global economy refers to humanity's economic system or systems overall. (wikipedia.org)
- Recent events in the global economy are increasing the likelihood that the Fed will have to reverse its course on raising interest rates. (pbs.org)
- In today's extremely competitive and borderless global economy, many goods that get produced are ultimately the result of a group effort. (businessinsider.com)
- Indiana's earliest economy revolved around trade with the Native American tribes in the northern and central parts of the state, which were connected by rivers to the Great Lakes, and ultimately the Atlantic. (wikipedia.org)
- When the economy is in a sluggish state, it is generally harmful for a business since consumers and other businesses are less likely to purchase its products. (investopedia.com)
- To further this effort, the Colorado Governor's Office of Information Technology, CDHE, Learning Economy Foundation, and ETH Denver launched the "Advance Colorado" partnership program powered by the State of Colorado to further blockchain technology initiatives. (wikipedia.org)
- The fifth China Marine Economy Expo, the only state-level comprehensive marine expo in China, opened in Zhanjiang on Dec 14. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- The GFKE 2012 examined the state of economies, addressed key challenges and explored good policy practices at the national level as well as steps that should be taken at the international level. (oecd.org)
- It sounds like a good idea, but clearly would be a political hard sell -- especially in this fiscal climate -- not to mention the fact that when economies do go bad, state legislators have a very bad habit of picking the lock on so called 'locked boxes. (governing.com)
- The U.S. economy rebounded slightly last month after 'stalling out' in late 2000, Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said yesterday in remarks suggesting that the Fed will be cautious about cutting interest rates in coming weeks. (washingtontimes.com)
- An economy (from Greek οίκος - "household" and νέμoμαι - "manage") is an area of the production, distribution and trade, as well as consumption of goods and services by different agents. (wikipedia.org)
- Consumption, saving, and investment are variable components in the economy that determine macroeconomic equilibrium. (wikipedia.org)
- The traditional economy, based on agriculture is now driven increasingly by the industrial and the tertiary sectors. (jhu.edu)
- Alternate and long-standing terminology distinguishes measures of an economy expressed in real values (adjusted for inflation), such as real GDP, or in nominal values (unadjusted for inflation). (wikipedia.org)
- A green economy is low-carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive. (wikipedia.org)
- The Longer the Shutdown Lasts, the More It Hurts the Economy Even the White House's own economic adviser is warning about the damage inflicted by the never-ending shutdown. (nymag.com)
- But pressure is rising as the economy hurts from a strong yen, made more attractive to investors by a US central bank committed to keeping its rates low until at least late 2014. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Continued structural reform in the most troubled economies is essential, and the work of building a more satisfactory institutional foundation for the euro must go on. (reuters.com)
- That is why the financial and commercial boycott of Venezuela has much more serious consequences than in diversified economies. (globalsecurity.org)
- New economy is a term that referred to the whole emerging ecosystem where new standards and practices were introduced, usually as a result of technological innovations. (wikipedia.org)
- The bottom line is pretty straightforward: When the economy goes bad, tax revenues crash and spending on social welfare gets frozen or cut -- all while human services need increases dramatically. (governing.com)