A practice whereby tokens representing money, toys, candy, etc., are given as secondary reinforcers contingent upon certain desired behaviors or performances.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.
Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Work-related situations in which the employees as a group refuse to work until certain conditions of employment are granted by the employer.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
A measure of the total greenhouse gas emissions produced by an individual, organization, event, or product. It is measured in units of equivalent kilograms of CARBON DIOXIDE generated in a given time frame.
Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Methods of generating, allocating, and using financial resources in healthcare systems.
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
Institutional systems consisting of more than one health facility which have cooperative administrative arrangements through merger, affiliation, shared services, or other collective ventures.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment (using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
Process of shifting publicly controlled services and/or facilities to the private sector.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The construction or arrangement of a task so that it may be done with the greatest possible efficiency.
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.
A fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of the calf to the HEEL BONE.
Voluntary SEXUAL INTERCOURSE between a married person and someone other than the SPOUSE.
Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The status of health in urban populations.
Loss of water by diffusion through the skin and by evaporation from the respiratory tract.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Manner or style of walking.
Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Financial support of research activities.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Living facilities for humans.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
People who frequently change their place of residence.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Muscular contractions characterized by increase in tension without change in length.
Size and composition of the family.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
The status of health in rural populations.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The centerpieces of Baytown's economies are three industrial districts the city has created, all outside the city limits but ...
Economy[edit]. The main economic activities are:. *forestry. *agriculture. *stock raising. *fruit and vegetables ...
Culture and economy[edit]. The Indus Valley civilisation was mainly an urban culture sustained by surplus agricultural ...
Economy[edit]. See also: FATACIL. Lagoa is one of the most important tourist areas of the Algarve. There are various factors ... and has now assumed a permanent place in the local economy. Parallel to the growth of tourism has been the growth of all the ...
Economy[edit]. The territory's natural resources are limited to fish and crustaceans. Economic activity is limited to servicing ...
Economy[edit]. Iriga City Central Terminal. Iriga City Public Market is one of the busiest in the region which makes the city ...
Baten, Jörg (2016). A History of the Global Economy. From 1500 to the Present. Cambridge University Press. p. 335. ISBN ... Ministry of Economy and Finances of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (2007), La Côte d'Ivoire en chiffres (in French), Abidjan: ... Ivory Coast - The Economy Archived 11 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Library of Congress ... "Ivory Coast - The Economy". Countrystudies.us. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2010.. ...
Groenewegen, Peter (2008). "'political economy'". In Durlauf, Steven N.; Blume, Lawrence E. (eds.). Political Economy. The New ... Jean Baptiste Say (1821). A Treatise on Political Economy: Or The Production, Distribution, and Consumption of Wealth. one. ... Jean Baptiste Say (1821). A Treatise on Political Economy; Or The Production, Distribution, and Consumption of Wealth. two. ... Money is a means of final payment for goods in most price system economies, and is the unit of account in which prices are ...
10 Economy *10.1 Agriculture. *10.2 Rainwater harvesting. *11 Industry *11.1 Wine industry ...
Economy and industry[edit]. Economic programme[edit]. On 17 October 2011, in front of the French Dexia headquarters in La ... She advocates the implementation of the "autarky of big spaces" and an "economy in concentric circles".[clarification needed] ... She has compared the economy to a raging river, using this metaphor to say that free trade is like allowing the torrent to flow ... she cited the UK's relative stability as an example of how France's economy would not necessarily suffer from leaving the euro. ...
Economy[edit]. Recent studies show the workforce to be educated, productive, and competitive, with 10 percent underemployed. ...
Economy[edit]. Originally a rail stop and logging town, the economy is mostly agricultural, largely citrus. The University of ...
Economy[edit]. The most important economic sector in the town, employing more than 20 per cent of the working population, is ...
Economy[edit]. Cities excavated in the area attributed to Philistines give evidence of careful town planning, including ...
Winfield, Mark S. Blue-Green Province: The Environment and the Political Economy of Ontario (University of British Columbia ... Mining and the forest products industry, notably pulp and paper, are vital to the economy of Northern Ontario. There has been ... The Green Energy and Green Economy Act, 2009 (GEA), takes a two-pronged approach to commercializing renewable energy: *bringing ... Tourism contributes heavily to the economy of Central Ontario, peaking during the summer months owing to the abundance of fresh ...
Economy[edit]. Bloemfontein's economy is driven by the private sector. Some of South Africa's largest retail companies have ...
There have been efforts to revive the city's post-war economy by the Shushi Revival Fund,[113] the ArmeniaFund, and by the ...
As a result of the coming of the merchant ship, the tax decreased and weakened the economy and position of Sriwijaya.[17] ... The economy of South Sumatra in the second quarter of 2017 continued to show improvement compared to previous quarters. The ... In his time, the sultanate's economy increased sharply because the sultan had mastered the techniques of how to trade well, ...
Economy[edit]. Central Road, roughly half a mile in length forms the focal point of Worcester Park. It hosts a number of shops ...
Economy[edit]. The Kissi are primarily farmers. Rice, their staple crop, is grown on most hillsides and in low, swampy areas. ...
"Providence: Economy-Major Industries and Commercial Activity". City-Data.com. Advameg Inc. Retrieved June 3, 2007.. ... "Providence Economy". City-Data.com. Advameg Inc. 2007. Retrieved March 13, 2007.. ... Economy[edit]. Around 1830, Providence had manufacturing industries in metals, machinery, textiles, jewelry, and silverware. ... The economy shifted from maritime endeavors to manufacturing, in particular machinery, tools, silverware, jewelry, and textiles ...
Economy[edit]. Dessie is located along Ethiopian Highway 2. It has postal service (a post office was established in the 1920s ...
The hosting of foreign military bases is an important part of Djibouti's economy. The United States pays $63 million a year to ... Djibouti's economy is largely concentrated in the service sector. Commercial activities revolve around the country's free trade ...
Economy[edit]. *$1.29 billion a year contributed to the South Texas economy. ...
Economy[edit]. Ancient Egypt was a peasant-based economy and it was not until the Greco-Roman period that slavery became a ...
5 Economy. *6 Religious sites. *7 Transport *7.1 London Buses. *7.2 London Underground ...
Economy[edit]. Although Biarritz's economy was based on fishing before, nowadays it has a modern economy due to the ...
Economy[edit]. Apart from considerable agriculture, retail and office premises in towns, Uttlesford District includes London ... For more detailed analysis of strengths and specializations in the economy see individual settlements, for instance the article ...
Economy[edit]. Main article: Economy of Martinique. In 2014, Martinique had a total GDP of 8.4 billion euros. Its economy is ... Historically, Martinique's economy relied on agriculture, notably sugar and bananas, but by the beginning of the 21st century ... further straining the economy.[6] Greater autonomy was granted by France to the island in the 1970s-80s[6] ... who still dominate parts of the agricultural and trade sectors of the economy.[6] Whites in total represent 5% of the ...
Economy[edit]. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Narmada one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a ...
How Trump Administrations Sweeping Refugee Cuts Could Impact the Economy. "I can see this having a large impact on the economy ... How to Hack Your Way to a Better Flight in Basic Economy. Is it possible to get the cheapest fare and enjoy a long flight in ... "The U.S. economy appears to be slowing, and respondents expect still slower growth over the next 12 months," NABE President ... Local Economies Dont Falter Despite Trumps Trade War: Yelp Data. "As China trade tensions, Fed deliberations and impeachment ...
Plan Avanza, Spains national Information Society strategy, has helped it into the knowledge economy. This book identifies ...
An informal economy (informal sector or grey economy)[1][2] is the part of any economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by ... Schneider, Friedrich (2013). The Shadow Economy in Europe. University of Linz.. *^ a b c d e f g h UNRISD. 2010. "Gender ... Comparison of shadow economies in EU countries[edit]. German shadow economy 1975-2015, Friedrich Schneider University Linz[37] ... The criminal economy produces illegal goods and services.[4] The informal economy also does not include the reproductive or ...
... Canada is a modern industrialized economy whose economic output and growth are enhanced by its highly ... Finally, the service economy in the United States has an 8.5-percent larger share than in Canada. Finance, insurance, and real ... and its highly developed economy. Canadas highly developed capital structure and its long open border with the United States ... both comparative advantage in factor endowments and bilateral intra-industry trade in similar products fueled by economies of ...
Venezuelas economy that is clearly going through a process of very important decomposition. Venezuela was the economy of the ... The economy was expected to contract in 2016 for the third consecutive year. Venezuelas economy shrank 5.7 percent in 2015, ... Economy - Overview. The Venezuelan Government dominates the economy. There is considerable income inequality. The Gini ... If true, Venezuelas economy would have seen a 50 percent contraction over the course of the last five years, putting it among ...
Republic of Senegal Ministry of Economy and Finance, Political Economy Unit (UPE). January 2003. ... Current state of economy[edit]. External trade and investment[edit]. The fishing sector has replaced the groundnut sector as ... Economy of Senegal. Dakar, Senegals place de lIndépendance: a center of government, banking and trade. In the background is ... Economy of Senegal at Curlie (based on DMOZ). *(in French) Official Website: Republique du Senegal: MINISTÈRE DE LECONOMIE ET ...
The economy of Niue is heavily dependent on aid from New Zealand. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the ...
... but here is what I have been reading on the economy. Tyler Cowen attributes the financial bubble to three main causes: The ... The Anglo-Saxon economies may have led the way but continental Europe and Japan eventually followed (after a lot of grumbling) ... I have been a bit lax on the blogging, but here is what I have been reading on the economy. ... I remain skeptical that any regulatory agency can police that world economy effectively, but I would rather this debate not ...
After a downturn in 2001 and 2002 due to a decrease in tourism funding,[clarification needed] the economy was expected to grow ... Vanuatus economy is primarily agricultural; 80% of the population is engaged in agricultural activities that range from ... The government declared 2007 to be "the Year of the Traditional Economy" (Bislama: kastom ekonomi), encouraging the trade of ...
Dumont, who is also Chair of the AFNOR Focus Group on the Silver Economy, one of the main sectors identified in the French ... This brings us neatly on to the new prospects of the silver economy - the market for goods and services for people aged 65 and ... Eighty is the new 20! A demographic shift is creating the so-called "silver" economy and a new and powerful consumer class. ... Most academics agree that an ageing population lowers the long-term structural growth rate of an economy, citing Japan as a ...
The term can refer to the economy as a whole or a component of it. ... A sluggish economy is a state of an economy when growth is slow, flat or declining. ... A sluggish economy is a state of an economy in which growth is slow, flat or declining. The term can refer to the economy as a ... Understanding a Sluggish Economy When the economy is in a sluggish state, it is generally harmful for a business since ...
Colorado includes the following metropolitan areas for which an Economy At A Glance table is available:. *Boulder, CO ...
The economy is roaring back to life under President Donald J. Trump-and with tax cuts and workforce development, American ... Economy & Jobs. The economy has come roaring back to life under President Trump. The stock market has hit record high after ...
Hampton: Transfering control of 30% of the America economy, just like seizing the banks and GM, hardly inspires confidence. The ... The government seized the banks because the banks, private companies, fell apart, and almost took the economy with them. And ... private health insurance debate? Here we have an economy that is barely escaping deflation and the health insurance companies ... Daschle couldnt have made the argument about the economy with the same credibility. So maybe it was all for the best. ...
A gig economy is one in which short-term jobs are assigned or chosen via online platforms. New economy is a term that referred ... Economy from then on meant national economy as a topic for the economic activities of the citizens of a state. The first ... A green economy is low-carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive. In a green economy, growth in income and employment ... The informal economy is thus not included in that governments gross national product (GNP). Although the informal economy is ...
Sweden is a highly industrialized country and has one of the highest living standards in the world. Since 1940 there has been a great movement of workers from farms to cities; nevertheless, agricultural output has increased considerably with the
Opinion // Middle East, Central Asia economies fail to impress (Gary Kleiman) 21-11-2018 02:37. A seismic shift is happening in ... Middle East, Central Asia economies fail to impress. 21-11-2018 05:17. ... Brazil attempts to reassure world on Brazils economy as political crisis persists ...
FedEx Ground Economy shipping may be a great option for your business if you are seeking cost savings and have low-weight, non- ... Are FedEx Ground Economy and FedEx SmartPost the same service?. FedEx SmartPost has been renamed FedEx Ground Economy. But ... What is FedEx Ground Economy Returns?. FedEx Ground Economy Returns (formerly called FedEx SmartPost Returns) is a shipping ... What is FedEx Ground Economy?. FedEx Ground Economy (formerly called FedEx SmartPost) is a cost-efficient shipping option for ...
... prompting the government to revise upwards its annual growth estimates at a time when many western economies are still ... Indias economy grew 8.9% in the July-September period, ...
Economy: Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, ... Economy. Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, ... In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, manufacturing remained important to Europes economy but increasingly was ...
The circular economy: find out what it means, how it benefits you, the environment and our economy thanks to our video and ... For regions that have a lot of industry using carbon the move to a climate neutral economy can be challenging. Find out how the ...
Ideology may seem to be at the forefront, but the economy is probably playing a big role in the background: ... If the economy is improving, theyll do OK. If its not, theyll get hammered. ...
... to the sectors expansion and suggests areas for action to enhance the further development of the world cassava economy. ... This FAO/IFAD study analyses and highlights the current structure of the world cassava economy, with emphasis on production, ... Extending the root shelf life is considered highly beneficial goal for the cassava economy, as the rapid deterioration of the ... Second, the global sugar/starch economy is probably one of the most regulated and politically complex in international ...
Chinas economy is slowing and growth in 2014 could fall short of the governments official target, according to a CNNMoney ... Chinas economy lost momentum in the first quarter and growth in 2014 could fall short of the governments official target, ... Chinas GDP growth is being closely watched as the government works to reform the worlds second largest economy after years of ... For the third consecutive quarter, the majority of economists said credit growth remains the biggest risk to Chinas economy. ...
The number of people seeking unemployment benefits dropped last week to the lowest level since early April, a sign the job market may be healing after a recent slump.
A mostly unmoderated forum for economy, business, politics, stocks, bonds, product releases, IPOs, advice, news, investment, ... economy. joinleave176,185 readers. 666 users here now. Economy. Like a free market, this subreddit is mostly unregulated. If ... But the demand in the economy has never been stronger, whats being actively sabotaged is confidence in the economy. McConnell ... Which is fine, but when youre trying to stimulate the economy you do have to factor in debt levels that were built up when ...
As a Florida resident, I take exception to the analysis of Florida given in the news article "The State of the Economy ... and ...
From its noted occurrence among airline passengers flying long haul in economy class, where there is less legroom than other ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=economy_class_syndrome&oldid=42263103" ...
Since 1993, the Cambodian economy has undergone a dramatic and rapid transformation. The traditional economy, based on ... Cambodian Economy: Charting the Course of a Brighter Future - A Survey of Progress, Problems and Prospects. ... The two decades that followed dramatically transformed the society and economy of Cambodia. The seizure of power by the Khmer ... The Cambodian people redoubled their efforts to reconstruct the country, organize the economy, set up the school system, reopen ...
... confirming fears that the worlds second-largest economy has entered a slump at the same time as some other major countries. ... Japans economy shrank for the first time in a year in the April-June quarter, ... TOKYO -- Japans economy shrank for the first time in a year in the April-June quarter, confirming fears that the worlds ... Japans Economy Shrinks Largest Contraction In Nearly Seven Years Is First in 12 Months. ...
  • Since 2017, the case for decentralized blockchain learning economies has grown stronger along with its criticisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2017 China Marine Economy Expo (CMEE) will be held in Zhanjiang, Guangdong province, from Dec 14 to 17. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The four-day China Marine Economy Expo (CMEE) 2017 ended in Zhanjiang, Guangdong province on Dec 17. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • A large-scale marine culture-themed sand sculpture exhibition will take place at Jinsha Bay of Zhanjiang in December in conjunction with the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Training sessions for nearly 400 volunteers for the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo got underway at Lingnan Normal University, Zhanjiang on Nov 25. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • An array of advanced marine equipment will be put on display at the State Pavilion of the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Zhanjiang will open special waterborne bus lines during the 2017 China Marine Economy Expo, which will be held at the Zhanjiang Olympic Sports Center from Dec 14 to 17. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The U.S. economy appears to be slowing, and respondents expect still slower growth over the next 12 months," NABE President Constance Hunter said. (newsweek.com)
  • Canada is a modern industrialized economy whose economic output and growth are enhanced by its highly educated population and intense use of capital. (globalsecurity.org)
  • The rural economy holds significant potential for creating decent and productive jobs and contributing to sustainable development and economic growth. (ilo.org)
  • Most academics agree that an ageing population lowers the long-term structural growth rate of an economy, citing Japan as a real-life example of this phenomenon at work. (iso.org)
  • A sluggish economy is a state of an economy in which growth is slow, flat or declining. (investopedia.com)
  • A sluggish economy also has a negative effect on the labor market as businesses are less willing to hire more staff in times of weak economic growth . (investopedia.com)
  • In a sluggish global economy, many countries can still experience positive growth, but the overall slowing pace is still considered a sign of sluggishness. (investopedia.com)
  • A Goldilocks economy has steady economic growth, preventing a recession, but not so much growth that inflation rises by too much. (investopedia.com)
  • Henry Mance, head of research at the FT's Brazil Confidential, tells Long View columnist John Authers that Brazilians' reluctance to take on new loans despite expectations of earning growth should boost sluggish consumer spending and help the economy. (ft.com)
  • In a green economy, growth in income and employment is driven by public and private investments that reduce carbon emissions and pollution, enhance energy and resource efficiency, and prevent the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. (wikipedia.org)
  • China's economy lost momentum in the first quarter and growth in 2014 could fall short of the government's official target, according to a CNNMoney survey of economists. (cnn.com)
  • China's GDP growth is being closely watched as the government works to reform the world's second largest economy after years of runaway expansion. (cnn.com)
  • For the third consecutive quarter, the majority of economists said credit growth remains the biggest risk to China's economy. (cnn.com)
  • The European Commission's Circular Economy Package includes revised legislative proposals on waste to stimulate Europe's transition towards a circular economy which will boost global competitiveness, foster sustainable economic growth and generate new jobs. (europa.eu)
  • Does a sudden jump in the growth of the U.S. economy mean an end to the recession? (pbs.org)
  • The economy grew 1.1 percent in 2001, the weakest growth since a 0.5 percent decline in 1991. (marketwatch.com)
  • Globally, mobile adoption is a unifying force, but the localization of the mobile economy is incredibly important in India for long term and sustainable growth. (brookings.edu)
  • The aim of the GFKE is to strengthen the OECD's global relations and to take a broad and coherent view of the contribution of science, technology and innovation to the knowledge economy, essential for designing policy frameworks that will drive economic growth and social welfare in the 21st century. (oecd.org)
  • In its second edition, the Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy looked at approaches and policies that can help develop a sustainable and inclusive future with strong, green and inclusive growth. (oecd.org)
  • This could come from a German economy prepared to reduce its formidable trade surplus, from easier European monetary policies that spur growth and competitiveness, or from increased deployment of central funds such as those of the European Investment Bank or perhaps other sources. (reuters.com)
  • Except for a slump in 2009, when the economy grew by only 2.8%, economic growth has averaged 7.7% over the last five years. (un.org)
  • Economic growth in 2016 is expected to rise to 8%, which will make DRC's one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. (un.org)
  • In spite of weakening global economic growth and a decline in both demand and price for minerals, DRC's economy is expected to remain resilient, according to the World Bank, because of the increase in public and private investments, particularly in infrastructure, that have accompanied the recent mineral boom. (un.org)
  • In other words, the fastest job growth in the American economy today falls into two groups. (nytimes.com)
  • Japan has struggled to sustain economic growth since a property-price bubble burst in the early 1990s, prompting years of deflation that persists to this day and huge government borrowing aimed at sparking fresh life into the economy. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • BERLIN (Reuters) - German industrial output and trade activity rose sharply in April but the Bundesbank cut its growth forecast for this year, saying Europe's largest economy would slow down again after a second-quarter surge. (reuters.com)
  • But Germany's central bank said the economy would slow considerably after a strong second quarter, cutting its 2013 growth forecast by 0.1 percentage points to 0.3 percent and its estimate for 2014 growth to 1.5 percent from 1.9 percent. (reuters.com)
  • Germany's traditionally export-driven economy is relying on domestic demand to prop up growth as foreign trade looks likely to act a drag this year, given that much of the euro zone, where it sends 40 percent of its exports, is lingering in recession. (reuters.com)
  • Growth was only 1.4 percent in the first half of 2013, and the economy is still creating too few jobs to increase worker earnings, which actually declined in July . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Covid battered an already sluggish economy, weakened by poor growth, job losses and stagnant exports. (yahoo.com)
  • Spain's Economy Minister Luis de Guindos said recently that Spain is serious about being an economic-growth " role model " for Europe. (thenextweb.com)
  • The report notes that the three largest African economies-Nigeria, Angola and South Africa-play a big role in the region's growth. (worldbank.org)
  • Growth in resource-intensive economies was buoyed by stronger commodity prices and higher mining production, according to the Pulse, but also benefited from higher agricultural production and more public investment in the necessary infrastructure to connect people and goods to markets. (worldbank.org)
  • And non-resource-intensive economies such as Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, and several in the West African Economic and Monetary Union, including Benin and Côte d'Ivoire recorded solid economic growth in 2018. (worldbank.org)
  • This is to be expected as the U.S. is still the world's largest economy and a vital source of trade and investment for much of the rest of the world. (investopedia.com)
  • TOKYO -- Japan's economy shrank for the first time in a year in the April-June quarter, confirming fears that the world's second-largest economy has entered a slump at the same time as some other major countries. (wsj.com)
  • De Soto's key insight, formulated in the mid-'80s and refined since, is that the failure to acknowledge the property rights of the developing world's poor shuts them out of the economy and cripples capitalism. (slate.com)
  • Although experts say such events don't pose a threat to the financial system, letting more companies fail is fraught with risk, as it could further slow China's economy and undermine social stability. (cnn.com)
  • Column: Is China's economy a house of cards? (pbs.org)
  • Will China's shift to a consumer-oriented economy succeed? (pbs.org)
  • China's one-child policy created a demographic wave that is beginning to crash on the economy. (pbs.org)
  • Investigating China's Online Underground Economy was put together by researchers at California University's Institute on Global Conflict and Co-operation to highlight the scale and sophistication of China's cyber black market and to aid global collaboration efforts against hi-tech crime. (theregister.co.uk)
  • According to ECLAC, the economy contracted by 25.5 percent in 2019, amounting to a cumulative GDP loss of 62.2 percent since 20131. (globalsecurity.org)
  • The ongoing crisis in Venezuela will continue to take a toll on the country's economy, resulting in accumulated GDP losses of more than 50 percent since 2013, the International Monetary Fund projected on 25 January 2019. (globalsecurity.org)
  • In April of 2019, research was published at Harvard Kennedy School making a case for a new form of Economy Corporation (E-Corp) to govern this decentralized Learning Economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Japan's economy shrank much more-than-expected in the fourth quarter, as Thai floods, a strong yen and weak demand hurt exports, casting doubt on hopes for a quick pick up in activity. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda hopes to contain the rise in Japan's debt pile - now already twice the size of the economy - by doubling the country's 5pc sales tax by late 2015, but has yet to win over a combative opposition and a sceptical public. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The nation's economy expanded at a modest to moderate pace across most of the country the past six weeks as the housing recovery continued to show solid gains but federal budget cuts dampened manufacturing. (usatoday.com)
  • The fur industry, once vitally important but no longer dominant in the nation's economy, is centered in Quebec and Ontario. (factmonster.com)
  • Yet beyond the troubling media headlines and the reminders of a bloody past, the country's economy is performing almost unscathed. (un.org)
  • The circular economy: find out what it means, how it benefits you, the environment and our economy thanks to our video and infographic. (europa.eu)
  • The Circular Economy Package consists of an EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy that establishes a concrete and ambitious programme of action, with measures covering the whole cycle: from production and consumption to waste management and the market for secondary raw materials. (europa.eu)
  • Video of circular_economy. (europa.eu)
  • Within the partnership of the Urban Agenda for the EU on circular economy , cities, EU countries and the European Commission seek to identify innovative solutions to stimulate the re-use, repair, refurbishment and recycling of existing materials and products. (europa.eu)
  • Markets believe that the Iranian situation will not have a major negative effect on the world economy. (newsweek.com)
  • Due to the growing importance of the financial sector in modern times, the term real economy is used by analysts as well as politicians to denote the part of the economy that is concerned with the actual production of goods and services, as ostensibly contrasted with the paper economy, or the financial side of the economy, which is concerned with buying and selling on the financial markets. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is appealing about this Supertrend is that whatever the state of the world economy, politics and other more medium-term drivers, population aging will continue, creating needs that are associated with old age in healthcare, insurance and funding solutions, consumer and property markets. (credit-suisse.com)
  • Recession Worries Move to DEFCON 3 But are bond markets signaling a flagging economy - or simply calculating the effects of Trump's pressure campaign on the Federal Reserve? (nymag.com)
  • This Election Might Be Important to You-But It's Not So Important to the Economy While the midterms obviously have vast significance to the public, the markets are mostly yawning. (nymag.com)
  • You will be able to choose from specialist courses in aspects of political economy including monetary union, welfare states, labour markets, models of capitalism, fiscal (dis-)integration, transition and development, international trave and investment, finance, and others. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Extended periods of sluggishness can easily lead into a recession, so a sluggish economy is often considered a leading indicator of a potentially steeper downturn. (investopedia.com)
  • For example, both during and after the Great Recession , a sluggish American economy had a negative effect on the global economy. (investopedia.com)
  • Recession resistant sectors like healthcare also benefit as a sluggish economy keeps costs low, with more businesses and individuals competing aggressively for the spending dollars of organizations that are still flush with cash. (investopedia.com)
  • A recession is a significant decline in activity across the economy lasting longer than a few months. (investopedia.com)
  • Good News: A Recession Looks Less Likely Now After some scary data in recent months, the economy seems to be humming along nicely again. (nymag.com)
  • The economy entered into a recession in April, according to the private National Bureau of Economic Research. (marketwatch.com)
  • If the numbers hold up, the economy might make it through the recession with only one quarter of contracting GDP. (marketwatch.com)
  • In stark confirmation that Britain is in the grip of recession, Government statistics showed on Wednesday that the economy fell by 1.2 percent in the third quarter. (nytimes.com)
  • Economists said the trade and output data raised the chances the economy would grow at a faster pace in the second quarter, after expanding just 0.1 percent in the first three months, barely avoiding a recession. (reuters.com)
  • Fourteen of the 18 major sectors of the state's economy lost jobs during the recession, but only two (other services and management of companies) have completely made up recession losses. (gothamgazette.com)
  • Academic achievements of learning economy using blockchain appeared in April 2018. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2018 at the annual United Nations General Assembly, a decentralized Learning Economy blockchain protocol was proposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NBER's Political Economy Program was created in 2006 and has flourished and expanded in a variety of directions since then, reflecting the rapidly growing interest of the profession in this area. (nber.org)
  • Political economy has even expanded methodologically. (nber.org)
  • This programme draws on different theoretical approaches to political economy (positive, comparative and international political economy) and is taught by staff with academic expertise in the field and experience of policy-making in different parts of Europe. (lse.ac.uk)
  • It provides theoretical foundations from both economics and political science, whilst developing an expansive knowledge of theoretical and applied areas of political economy. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Introduction to political economy. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The political economy of inequality and redistribution. (lse.ac.uk)
  • What is a Sluggish Economy? (investopedia.com)
  • Financial media often use the term 'sluggish economy. (investopedia.com)
  • A sluggish economy can actually be ideal for certain businesses and sectors. (investopedia.com)
  • During a sluggish economy, investors want to focus on companies that either provide essentials or the best value for a consumer's dollar-and ideally a company that provides both. (investopedia.com)
  • This downward pressure can offer an opportunity to short some higher-end brands, but a sluggish economy alone should not be the sole trade trigger. (investopedia.com)
  • And, if we wish for the European economy to be able to truly compete globally, these changes are a must. (europa.eu)
  • On January 30, 2020, the state of Colorado's Department of Higher Education and the Learning Economy Foundation partnered to provide a three year empirical study of a statewide decentralized education and workplace ecosystem as a test case for other states and nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • An informal economy ( informal sector or grey economy ) [1] [2] is the part of any economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Informal economy: Haircut on a sidewalk in Vietnam. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Integrating the informal economy into the formal sector is an important policy challenge. (wikipedia.org)
  • In many cases, unlike the formal economy, activities of the informal economy are not included in a country's gross national product (GNP) or gross domestic product (GDP). (wikipedia.org)
  • [9] While both of these definitions imply a lack of choice or agency in involvement with the informal economy, participation may also be driven by a wish to avoid regulation or taxation. (wikipedia.org)
  • [11] He argues that circumvention of labor market regulations specifying minimum wages, working conditions, social security, unemployment and disability benefits gives rise to an informal economy, which deprives some workers of deserved benefits while conveying undeserved benefits to others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Daily life of the informal economy in the streets of Bolivia . (wikipedia.org)
  • The informal economy in sub-Saharan Africa is around 54 per cent. (ilo.org)
  • While these needs are sometimes met by publicly funded home health aides, in the absence of such policies, many households turn to workers in the informal economy because it is easier and more affordable. (ilo.org)
  • As a result, the ILO estimates some 50 million domestic workers are working in the informal economy, in which there is a concentration of decent work deficits. (ilo.org)
  • I remain skeptical that any regulatory agency can police that world economy effectively, but I would rather this debate not rapidly devolve into ideological opinions about regulation in general. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Although the world economies are leveraged to global commodities and finance in different ways, there have been many cases of a sluggish global economy affecting all countries and most sectors. (investopedia.com)
  • Europe was the first of the major world regions to develop a modern economy based on commercial agriculture, industrial development, and the provision of specialized services. (britannica.com)
  • If the region surrounding the Great Lakes was its own country, it would be the 3rd largest economy in the world with a GDP of $6 trillion. (businessinsider.com)
  • Feb 7 - The world watches to see how Egypt's economy stands up to the fallout from the country's political uprising which brought it to a halt. (reuters.com)
  • Canada's highly developed capital structure and its long open border with the United States encourage economic specialization to achieve economies of scale in production. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Canadian exports reflect both comparative advantage in factor endowments and bilateral intra-industry trade in similar products fueled by economies of scale, product differentiation, and specialization in various stages of the production process. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Depending on how long an economy remains sluggish, there can be several shakeouts at the higher end of the conspicuous consumption scale. (investopedia.com)
  • Many distributed applications have tested economic models that incentivize students and teachers, but without institutional and government support there is little chance of many national learning economies adopting at scale any time soon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our economy is squandering the productive labor of unemployed men and women on a colossal scale, and our homegrown small businesses that depend on local sales are put in jeopardy because the unemployment crisis deprives them -- even more than other businesses --of customers with money in their pockets. (gothamgazette.com)
  • Real Time Economics offers exclusive news, analysis and commentary on the U.S. and global economy, central bank policy and economics. (wsj.com)
  • economies grew larger as societies grew and became more complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • This unequal situation reflects and perpetuates a deep-seated social perception that the unpaid care work that women do for their families, has little value to economies and societies. (ilo.org)
  • Argentina's economy, which is one of the more powerful in the region, is dependent on services and manufacturing , although agribusiness and ranching dominated the economy for much of the 19th and 20th centuries. (britannica.com)
  • Argentina's economy could grow up to 7 percent in 2010 as the worst of the global financial crisis eases, Economy Minister Amado Boudou was quoted as saying in a local paper on Saturday. (ibtimes.com)
  • For several reasons many prefer the term 'the learning economy' in characterising the current phase of socio-economic development. (wikipedia.org)
  • These factors give context, content, and set the conditions and parameters in which an economy functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mobile network operators have a functioning monopoly since they built the mobile economy in India. (brookings.edu)
  • A raft of major investment projects are set to significantly boost the marine economy of the southern port city of Zhanjiang - already a leading commercial powerhouse for the province of Guangdong. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Building an Indian mobile commerce platform could boost the Indian economy. (brookings.edu)
  • Further, reduced tax rates could boost saving and investment, which would increase the productive capacity of the economy. (investopedia.com)
  • Keynesian Economics is an economic theory of total spending in the economy and its effects on output and inflation developed by John Maynard Keynes. (investopedia.com)
  • Today the range of fields of study examining the economy revolves around the social science of economics, but may include sociology (economic sociology), history (economic history), anthropology (economic anthropology), and geography (economic geography). (wikipedia.org)
  • The GDP report "adds further weight to the idea that pre-Sept. 11th, the economy was stabilizing, which is why the data now point to recovery," said Ian Shepherdson, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency Economics. (marketwatch.com)
  • NZ Herald Business Editor-at-large Liam Dann is joined by economists Shamubeel Eaqub and HSBC's Paul Bloxham for the first edition of 'The Economy Hub' - a weekly look at economics. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • The economy has come roaring back to life under President Trump. (whitehouse.gov)
  • Trump Officials Are Too Out of Touch to Get Why the Shutdown Hurts the Economy They think it is no big deal because the workers will get paid eventually. (nymag.com)
  • Trump Fears Greatest Economy in History Is on Brink of Collapse If the economy was as strong as Trump says, it could easily withstand some small interest rate hikes. (nymag.com)
  • The legislation-which the Senate had enough sense of irony to attach to a mental health bill-implicitly recognizes that major financial institutions have become too interwoven with the global economy to be allowed to fail. (slate.com)
  • In a study just published on the Brookings Institution's Web site , Ian Hathaway and I found that the share of mature firms, or those at least 16 years old, rose 50 percentage points between 1992 and 2011, from 23% to 34% of all firms in the U.S. economy. (brookings.edu)
  • German voters go to the polls on 18 September, and Bill Clinton's election mantra of 1992 - "It's the economy, stupid" - could have been written just for this campaign. (bbc.co.uk)
  • If you thought the esteem of the UK parliament couldn't fall any lower after last year's devastating expenses scandal , then the passing of the Digital Economy Bill in a parliamentary process known as the 'wash-up' will have come as something of a shock. (zdnet.com)
  • That leaves just a week to finish off the outstanding parliamentary business, including the dreadful Digital Economy bill, before MPs fan out across the country to meet their electorate (many, especially those defending marginal seats, have already set off). (zdnet.com)
  • T]his is a single market, and Europe has invested massively in [the digital economy], and we believe the current regulation is not fit for the purpose. (thenextweb.com)
  • Although the informal sector makes up a significant portion of the economies in developing countries, it is sometimes stigmatized as troublesome and unmanageable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, fertility rates in developed countries, and in many economies, have fallen so far that they face a shortage of younger workers and consumers. (iso.org)
  • Foreign aid from the Soviet Union, Viet Nam, and other countries of the Soviet bloc, as well as from some fifteen Western nongovernment organizations enabled the People's Republic of Kampuchea to begin the reconstruction of the economy and society. (jhu.edu)
  • It also provides a vehicle for dialogue among policy makers, business, consumers and other stakeholders in member and non-member economies on policy approaches that will help expand the benefits of the knowledge economy to all countries, including the less developed ones. (oecd.org)
  • In major western countries, the online underground economy typically uses Internet Relay Chat (IRC) protocols to build black market advertising and communication channels. (theregister.co.uk)
  • The report claims that in 2011 the online underground involved over 90,000 participants, costing the local economy 5.36 billion yuan (£536m), making victims of 110m internet users (roughly 22 per cent) and affecting 1.1m web sites (20 per cent). (theregister.co.uk)
  • Is Germany's economy recovering? (bbc.co.uk)
  • Germany's economy, once the engine of European prosperity, is one of the eurozone's worst performers - so what are the prospects for a recovery? (bbc.co.uk)
  • New ideas for new jobs" - the slogans on the campaign posters are interchangeable, but one thing is constant: This campaign is focused on the state of Germany's economy like none before. (bbc.co.uk)
  • In particular, weak domestic demand hurts the small and medium-sized enterprises that are the backbone of Germany's economy - its famous Mittelstand. (bbc.co.uk)
  • After a downturn in 2001 and 2002 due to a decrease in tourism funding, [ clarification needed ] the economy was expected to grow by 3.9%, increasing to 4.3% in 2007. (princeton.edu)
  • Much of the initial theories about the advent of a fundamentally new era in which economic activity is increasingly 'abstract', i.e., disconnected from land, labour, and physical capital (machines and industrial infrastructure) and also capital in terms of fund was associated with the 'business management' literature of the 'new economy' NASDAQ bubble, which collapsed in 2001 (but slowly recovered, albeit, in a leaner format, throughout the 2000s). (wikipedia.org)
  • Which is fine, but when you're trying to stimulate the economy you do have to factor in debt levels that were built up when sizing the amounts given out. (reddit.com)
  • The People's Bank of China is desperate to stimulate a slowing economy, but flagging enthusiasm for Chinese assets is blunting its traditional monetary policy tools and forcing the central bank to adopt different tactics. (cnbc.com)
  • In emerging economies, out-ofpocket (OOP) expenses typically form a large part of overall health expenditures, with government and compulsory health insurance the second main category. (credit-suisse.com)
  • Zhanjiang Olympic Sports Center, the main venue for the 2016 China Marine Economy Expo, is located at the north side of the Haiwan Bridge in Potou district. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • It is argued that pure market economies, if such existed, would have severe problems in terms of learning and innovation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In early December, the Center for Technology Innovation convened a Mobile Summit discussing Mobile Technology's Impact on Emerging Economies and Global Opportunity . (brookings.edu)
  • Startups like Airbnb and Uber that are driving the global sharing economy are meeting stiff resistance from Spanish regulators bent on shutting these companies down and stifling the job creation powered by tech innovation. (thenextweb.com)
  • What's more, the past few years have witnessed a flourishing of economic innovation, a profusion of ideas about how to spur entrepreneurship, manage an economy, and preserve oil wealth. (slate.com)
  • The knowledge economy can be defined as one marked by technological dynamism, including in those sectors not always associated with cutting edge innovation, such as agribusiness or heavy industry. (ebrd.com)
  • But the downturn in the economy has left some hospitals in perilous financial shape. (npr.org)
  • Plan Avanza, Spain's national Information Society strategy, has helped it into the knowledge economy. (oecd.org)
  • The term "knowledge economy" conjures up images of Silicon Valley, hi-tech start-ups and people tweeting from Wi-Fi-enabled cafes. (ebrd.com)
  • In order to thrive, the knowledge economy relies on an adequate institutional framework, good education, strong communications infrastructure and a supportive financing environment. (ebrd.com)
  • A learning economy is a society that values skills like assets, where learning and employment information is readily exchanged from institution to institution, and controlled by the learner and worker. (wikipedia.org)
  • The global economy refers to humanity's economic system or systems overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent events in the global economy are increasing the likelihood that the Fed will have to reverse its course on raising interest rates. (pbs.org)
  • In today's extremely competitive and borderless global economy, many goods that get produced are ultimately the result of a group effort. (businessinsider.com)
  • Indiana's earliest economy revolved around trade with the Native American tribes in the northern and central parts of the state, which were connected by rivers to the Great Lakes, and ultimately the Atlantic. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the economy is in a sluggish state, it is generally harmful for a business since consumers and other businesses are less likely to purchase its products. (investopedia.com)
  • To further this effort, the Colorado Governor's Office of Information Technology, CDHE, Learning Economy Foundation, and ETH Denver launched the "Advance Colorado" partnership program powered by the State of Colorado to further blockchain technology initiatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fifth China Marine Economy Expo, the only state-level comprehensive marine expo in China, opened in Zhanjiang on Dec 14. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • The GFKE 2012 examined the state of economies, addressed key challenges and explored good policy practices at the national level as well as steps that should be taken at the international level. (oecd.org)
  • It sounds like a good idea, but clearly would be a political hard sell -- especially in this fiscal climate -- not to mention the fact that when economies do go bad, state legislators have a very bad habit of picking the lock on so called 'locked boxes. (governing.com)
  • Brazil is famous for its coffee, but its economy is now seen as overcaffeinated, thanks to falling demand for its metal exports. (ft.com)
  • Perhaps we are now seeing the spark from exports firing up the economy," says Wolfgang Franz, president of the ZEW economic think tank. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The business cycle describes the rise and fall in production output of goods and services in an economy. (investopedia.com)
  • How does using FedEx Ground Economy Returns help my business? (fedex.com)
  • Think FedEx Ground Economy Returns is a good fit for your business? (fedex.com)
  • The U.S. economy rebounded slightly last month after 'stalling out' in late 2000, Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said yesterday in remarks suggesting that the Fed will be cautious about cutting interest rates in coming weeks. (washingtontimes.com)
  • An economy (from Greek οίκος - "household" and νέμoμαι - "manage") is an area of the production, distribution and trade, as well as consumption of goods and services by different agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumption, saving, and investment are variable components in the economy that determine macroeconomic equilibrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The traditional economy, based on agriculture is now driven increasingly by the industrial and the tertiary sectors. (jhu.edu)
  • Alternate and long-standing terminology distinguishes measures of an economy expressed in real values (adjusted for inflation), such as real GDP, or in nominal values (unadjusted for inflation). (wikipedia.org)
  • A green economy is low-carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Longer the Shutdown Lasts, the More It Hurts the Economy Even the White House's own economic adviser is warning about the damage inflicted by the never-ending shutdown. (nymag.com)
  • But pressure is rising as the economy hurts from a strong yen, made more attractive to investors by a US central bank committed to keeping its rates low until at least late 2014. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Continued structural reform in the most troubled economies is essential, and the work of building a more satisfactory institutional foundation for the euro must go on. (reuters.com)
  • That is why the financial and commercial boycott of Venezuela has much more serious consequences than in diversified economies. (globalsecurity.org)
  • New economy is a term that referred to the whole emerging ecosystem where new standards and practices were introduced, usually as a result of technological innovations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term can refer to the economy as a whole or a component of the economy, such as weak housing starts . (investopedia.com)
  • The economy is still far too weak to tolerate higher interest rates. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The bottom line is pretty straightforward: When the economy goes bad, tax revenues crash and spending on social welfare gets frozen or cut -- all while human services need increases dramatically. (governing.com)