The combined discipline of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
Economic aspects of the field of medicine, the medical profession, and health care. It includes the economic and financial impact of disease in general on the patient, the physician, society, or government.
The economic aspects of health care, its planning, and delivery. It includes government agencies and organizations in the private sector.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))
Economic aspects of the nursing profession.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.
The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.
Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
Drugs used in the treatment of urogenital conditions and diseases such as URINARY INCONTINENCE; PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA; and ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.
Auditory and visual instructional materials.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.
The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The GPI is used in ecological economics, "green" economics, sustainability and more inclusive types of economics. It factors in ... GPI considers some types of production to have a negative impact upon being able to continue some types of production. GDP ... Ecological Economics 51: 139-155. Daly, H., 1996. Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development. Beacon Press, Boston ... The matter remains controversial and is a main issue between advocates of green economics and neoclassical economics. ...
Dictionary of Economics and Financial Markets. London: Butterworths, 1986. "The Twilight of smokestack America" by Peter T. ... This can be illustrated by the index of total industrial production, which increased from 4.29 in 1790 to 1,975.00 in 1913, an ... This shift precipitated a drop in iron prices since the process no longer required charcoal, the production of which was labor- ... "Industrial Production Index". National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved August 3, 2007. Cowan 1997, pp. 7-8. Cowan 1997, ...
Journal of Cleaner Production. 38: 36-43. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.08.008. Latouche, S. (2004). Degrowth Economics: Why less ... For example, this has occurred with caviar production in the Caspian Sea. There is much concern as to how growing demand for ... It is based on ideas from a diverse range of lines of thought such as political ecology, ecological economics, feminist ... Instead, under what he refers to as Buddhist economics, we should aim to maximize well-being while minimizing consumption. In ...
Its focus on joyful simple living, the localisation of production systems, links to Marxist economics, and Illich's ... Kallis, Giorgos (2011-03-15). "In defence of degrowth". Ecological Economics. 70 (5): 873-880. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.12. ... Journal of Cleaner Production. 149: 321-334. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.016. ISSN 0959-6526. "The way of tea: an art of ... Journal of Cleaner Production. 197: 1810-1822. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.159. ISSN 0959-6526. Pansera, Mario; Ehlers, Melf- ...
Demography 71-74.............Economics as a science. Relation to other subjects 75-130............History of economics. History ... Production. Wealth 501...............Capital. Capitalism 522-715...........Income. Factor shares 535-551..........Interest 601 ... City and country 388..............Regional economics. Space in economics 390-395..........Regional planning 401-485........... ... Mathematical economics. Quantitative methods (Including econometrics, input-output analysis, game theory) 201-206........... ...
She joined the University of Leeds as an associate professor in ecological economics in 2011. She is a member of the Centre for ... Journal of Cleaner Production. 76: 106-115. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.04.020. ISSN 0959-6526. Steinberger, Julia K.; Krausmann ... Julia K. Steinberger (born 1974) is Professor of Ecological Economics at the University of Lausanne. She studies the ... Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy. Retrieved 2019-04-07. "Julia Steinberger, professeure ordinaire". ...
The Drama department puts on a number of shows over the year: Annual musical production and play 2000 - Lockie Leonard: Human ... Economics ATAR; Engineering Studies ATAR; English ATAR: Geography ATAR; Human Biology ATAR; Indonesian: Second Language ATAR; ... Night Interhouse TheatreSports The musical productions are done on a large scale, involving over 100 students in acting, ... Literature ATAR; Mathematics: Applications ATAR; Mathematics: Methods ATAR; Mathematics: Specialist ATAR; Media Production and ...
Her first book, Economics of Household Production, was published in 1934. Reid, like her PhD advisor Hazel Kyrk, sought to ... She received her PhD from the University of Chicago in 1931 titled The Economics of Household Production. She taught at ... Reid, Margaret G. (1934). "Economics of household production". Internet Archive. Retrieved 2015-11-07. "Special Issue on Unpaid ... where she received tenure as a Professor of Home Economics and Economics. She became emeritus in 1961. Reid served as an ...
"Coal production , Coal , Statistical Review of World Energy , Energy economics , BP". Retrieved 10 November 2017. "Coal ... Coal production has grown fastest in Asia, while Europe has declined. Since 2011, world coal production has been stable, with ... of its coal production. Indonesia exports about 87% of its coal production. A court in Australia has cited climate change in ... while in the US it is used for about 67 percent of production. Globally, about 40 percent of coal production involves surface ...
While GDP per capita measures production, it is often assumed that consumption increases when production increases. GDP per ... Ecological Economics. 48 (2): 149. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2003.08.009. Alcott, B. (2010). "Impact caps: Why population, ... The T variable in the I=PAT equation represents how resource intensive the production of affluence is; how much environmental ... Commoner argued that environmental impacts in the United States were caused primarily by changes in its production technology ...
... economics, computer science, management, etc.). Six Departments The Department of Economics and Management consists of five sub ... Automation of Technological Processes and Production; Automated Application Systems; Applied Ecology and Labor Protection; ... economics, computer science, management, etc.). In October 2014 the University was reorganized as Sevastopol State University ... Finance and Credit; Accounting and Auditing; Business Economics; Economic Theory; Management, Economic and Mathematical Methods ...
Saunders, Harry D. (2008). "Fuel conserving (and using) production functions". Energy Economics. 30 (5): 2184-2235. doi:10.1016 ... In conservation and energy economics, the rebound effect (or take-back effect) is the reduction in expected gains from new ... Since consumption of other goods increases, the embodied fuel used in the production of those goods would increase as well. ... Finally, the economy-wide effect would include the long-term effect of the increase in vehicle fuel efficiency on production ...
"Costs of production: fixed and variable , Economics Online". Retrieved 2019-10-04. Be able to ... Fixed cost (TFC) are the costs of the fixed assets those that do not vary with production. Total fixed cost (TFC) Average cost ... The curve normally starts to the right of the y axis because with zero production Marginal cost (MC): Marginal cost is obtained ... Cost curves: It is the graphical presentation of the costs of production as a function of total quantity produced Phillips, ...
This training programme is organized at a time when the Nation has set a target of doubling its horticultural production within ... Sericulture and economics > Management of successful farms > Financing by NABARD and Banks > Lecture classes are followed by ... It also aims at educating young men and women in scientific management of horticulture crops and thereby increase production ... Machinery for horticultural production > Contract farming and linkages > Dry land crops and management > ...
Master's degree: Animal production; Cognition, Technologies and Institutions; Communication and Automation Systems; Computer ... Business & Economics: Accounting; Administration. Law: Law Education: Agricultural Education; Computational and Informatics ... Production Engineering; Sanitary and Environmental Engineering; Science and Technology. Computer Science: Computer Engineering ...
... a progenitor in economics and the paradigm founder of ecological economics. Georgescu-Roegen made extensive use of the entropy ... steady-state economy" (PDF). Journal of Cleaner Production. 18 (6): 544-551. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.10.019. Daly, Herman E ... 1980). Economics, Ecology, Ethics. Essays Towards a Steady-State Economy (PDF contains only the introductory chapter of the ... Entropy pessimism is a widespread view in ecological economics and in the degrowth movement. Bibas writes that some criminal ...
1926) Production Economics. George G. Harrap and Co. (1942) Parity, parity, parity. The Harvard Committee on Research in the ... He was a professor of economics at University of Minnesota from 1918 to 1927, and then from 1927 to 1956 at Harvard University ... "Black , Agricultural & Applied Economics Association". Retrieved 2018-12-02. "American Economic Association: Past ... Galbraith, John Kenneth (1959). "John D. Black: A Portrait". In Cavin, James Pierce (ed.). Economics for Agriculture: Selected ...
"Welfare Economics with a Full Production Economy." Economics 481. Fall 2007. Deardorff's Glossary of International Economics. v ...
King, Robert G.; Plosser, Charles I.; Rebelo, Sergio T. (2002). "Production, Growth and Business Cycles: Technical Appendix". ... Journal of International Economics. 61: 163-185. doi:10.1016/S0022-1996(02)00056-9. Jaimovich, Nir; Rebelo, Sergio (2009). "Can ...
Agricultural economics and research. Agricultural extension services and experiment stations. Agricultural production, ... Home economics. Human nutrition. Inspection of livestock, meat, and agricultural products. Pests and pesticides. Plant industry ... home economics, and rural development. The current Chair is Democrat Debbie Stabenow of Michigan, and the Ranking Member is ...
... system of production. For its part, the term "circular economy" appeared for the first time in 1988 in "The Economics of ... Do CE secondary production activities (reuse, repair, & remake) actually reduce, or instead displace, primary production ( ... model of production. Circular development is a model of economic, social and environmental production and consumption that aims ... Journal of Cleaner Production. 42: 215-227. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.020. Jackson, Tim (1993). Clean Production Strategies ...
... finishing production and applied ecology; economics; physical education and military training. Designer Andre Tan, well known ...
In economics, King-Plosser-Rebelo preferences are a particular functional form of utility that is used in many macroeconomic ... King, Robert G.; Plosser, Charles I.; Rebelo, Sergio T. (May 1988). "Production, Growth and Business Cycles I. The Basic ... Having originally been proposed in an article that appeared in the Journal of Monetary Economics in 1988, the corresponding ... King, Robert G.; Plosser, Charles I.; Rebelo, Sergio T. (2002). "Production, Growth and Business Cycles: Technical Appendix". ...
The Division has five major research and extension program areas: • Agriculture Production and Processing • Environmental ... Agricultural Economics • Agricultural Education, Communications and Technology • Animal Science • Biological and Agricultural ...
doi:10.1016/0047-2727(94)90043-4.Cornes, R.; T. Sandler (1984). "Easy Riders, Joint Production, and Public Goods". The Economic ... Although evidence from sociology, economics, political science, and social psychology shows that altruism is part of human ... Schradie, Jen (2011). "The digital production gap: The digital divide and Web 2.0 collide". Poetics. 39 (2): 145-168. doi: ... doi:10.1016/0047-2727(94)90043-4. Fehr, E.; S. Gatcher (2000). "Fairness and Retaliation: The Economics of Reciprocity" (PDF). ...
Department of Animal Production. Department of Food Science. Department of Home Economics. In 1971/1972 the Department of Food ... The Department of Plant Production consisted of five branches: agricultural economics, horticulture, field crops, plant ... Department of Economics. Department of Management. Department of Accountancy. Department of Statistics. Department of Political ... animal production, and food control. The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine is a research institution to understand and finding ...
Moulin, Hervé (1992). "Welfare bounds in the cooperative production problem". Games and Economic Behavior. 4 (3): 373-401. doi: ... Mantel, Rolf R. (1984). "Substitutability and the welfare effects of endowment increases". Journal of International Economics. ... Journal of Mathematical Economics. 17 (4): 339. doi:10.1016/0304-4068(88)90016-x. Moulin, Herve (1992). "An Application of the ... Journal of Mathematical Economics. 11 (2): 117. doi:10.1016/0304-4068(83)90032-0. Sobel, Joel (1979). "Fair allocations of a ...
Economics, Europe (January 2016). "The Contribution Made by Beer to the Czech Republic" (PDF). s.r.o., PTV Media. "Czech beer ... In 2012, beer production accounted for 0.8 percent of nominal Gross Domestic Product, and the Czech government benefits from ... This production included all brewing companies, breweries, and microbreweries. In total, in 2016 the Czech breweries produced a ... Currently, the brewery produces 62,800 hectoliters of beer a week, but the goal is to increase production to 88,300 hectolitres ...
"Improving Ethanol Production Economics". WOWT NBC Omaha. 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2018-11-20. "Innovator of the Year: Dr. Hans van ... Growing fungus on the leftover corn found in ethanol production, provides for good energy feed for livestock animals (such as ... His physical-chemical alcohol purification process has found application in the production of an impurity-free vodka in Iowa, ... out of coastal waters through the disinfestation of ballast water with bromine production through rapid ozonation to avoid ...
... is a major feedstock for the production of ammonia, via the Haber process, for use in fertilizer production. ... "Frackonomics: Some Economics of Hydraulic Fracturing." Case Western Reserve Law Review 63.4 (2013). Web. 1 Sept. 2015. Chojna, ... with 2017 production at 33.4 trillion cubic feet and 2019 production at 40.7 trillion cubic feet. After the third peak in ... In petroleum production, gas is sometimes burned as flare gas. Before natural gas can be used as a fuel, most, but not all, ...
Heterotrophs consume rather than produce biomass energy as they metabolize, grow, and add to levels of secondary production. A ... A central question in the trophic dynamic literature is the nature of control and regulation over resources and production. ... Abbreviations: I=input, A=assimilation, R=respiration, NU=not utilized, P=production, B=biomass.[25] ... For example, predators eating herbivores indirectly influence the control and regulation of primary production in plants. ...
JEL: J14 - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped. JEL: J15 - Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor ... JEL: R3 - Production Analysis and Firm Location JEL: R30 - Geral. JEL: R31 - Housing Supply and Markets. JEL: R32 - Other ... JEL: P34 - Financial Economics. JEL: P35 - Public Economics. JEL: P36 - Consumer Economics; Health, Education, Welfare, and ... Categoria:Agricultural and natural resource economics; environmental and ecological economics Categoria:Resource economics ...
Kremer, Michael (1993). "Population Growth and Technological Change: One Million B.C. to 1990". Quarterly Journal of Economics ... wheels enabled early mass production of pottery, but it was the use of the wheel as a transformer of energy (through water ... and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific ...
Production can be very limited. Programmers that create open-source software often can turn their attention elsewhere very ... "The simple Economics of Open Source" (PDF). Cambridge, MA.: National Bureau of Economic Research. CiteSeerX ... The rediscovery of creativity, which has been lost through the mass production of commercial software products can be a ... These goals promote the production of high-quality programs as well as working cooperatively with other similarly-minded people ...
In May 2008, research published by Adams and Cotti in the Journal of Public Economics examined statistics of drunken-driving ... In 2004, Bhutan became the first country to completely outlaw the cultivation, harvesting, production, and sale of tobacco ... Professor of Economics at the California State Polytechnic University-San Luis Obispo, Michael L. Marlow, defended "tobacco- ... Production, Supply And Distribution) Act, 2003". Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 10 January ...
Economics. *State. *Criticism. Concepts. *Socialist mode of production. *Commune (model of government) ...
... economics, foreign policy and other public affairs, along with panel discussions that provide opinions and analysis. It ... Production location(s). NBC News Washington Bureau, Washington, D.C.. Camera setup. Multi-camera. ...
Counterfeit production of several goods including IT products, automobile parts, etc., are prevalent.[6] ...
Maharatna, Arup (1992). The demography of Indian famines: A historical perspective (PhD thesis). London School of Economics and ... This produces about 70% of the rice crop grown in a given year.[17] Crucially, the (debated) shortfall in rice production in ... Agricultural Economics Society Conference.. *. Bowbrick, Peter (1986). "The causes of famine: A refutation of Professor Sen's ... Sen, Amartya (1981b). "Ingredients of Famine Analysis: Availability and Entitlements". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 96 ( ...
Excess heat and energy production. An excess heat observation is based on an energy balance. Various sources of energy input ... to determine its value to energy economics."[31] ... the production of 1012 neutrons per second, levels that would ... The Panel recommends that the cold fusion research efforts in the area of heat production focus primarily on confirming or ... production would be easily measured.[40][137] Some researchers reported detecting 4He but without the expected neutron or ...
These were joint Armenian-Kurdish productions; with H. Koçaryan and Heciye Cindi teaming up for The Kurds of Soviet Armenia,[ ... Social and Economic Organization of the Rowanduz Kurds. London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology 3:1-74. ... C. Dahlman, "The Political Geography of Kurdistan," Eurasian Geography and Economics, Vol. 43, No. 4, 2002, p. 279. ...
Towler, Gavin; Sinnott, Ray (2008), Chemical engineering design: principles, practice and economics of plant and process design ... Chemical engineers serving as project engineers use their knowledge in selecting optimal production methods and plant equipment ... Silla, Harry (2003), Chemical Process Engineering: Design and Economics, New York City: Marcel Dekker, ISBN 0-8247-4274-5. . ... Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics, biology, and economics ...
The annual production on the Tibetan Plateau was estimated in 2009 at 80-175 tons.[27] The Himalayan Ophiocordyceps production ... Economics and impact[edit]. In rural Tibet, yartsa gunbu has become the most important source of cash income. The fungi ... Gradually the host larvae become rigid because of the production of fungal sclerotia. Fungal sclerotia are multihyphal ... "Caterpillar Fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) Production and Sustainability on the Tibetan Plateau and in the Himalayas" (PDF) ...
Ecological economics. *Ecological footprint. *Ecological forecasting. *Ecological humanities. *Ecological stoichiometry. * ...
Mark Harrison (2002). Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940-1945. p. 167. ISBN 978-0- ... Peterson Institute for International Economics. 2003. Retrieved November 8, 2012.. *^ "The World Factbook - Central ... "Global food production will have to increase 70% for additional 2.3 billion people by 2050". September 24, 2009. ... Between 1950 and 1984, as the Green Revolution transformed agriculture around the world, grain production increased by over 250 ...
Newspaper clippings about Jean-Paul Sartre in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW) ... Socialist economics. *Socialist mode of production. *Syndicalism. *Third-Worldism. *Trade union. *Worker cooperative ...
Economics. *Capital (accumulation). *Asiatic mode of production. *Capitalist mode of production. *Crisis theory ... Whereas the central Maoist line maintained that the masses controlled the means of production through the Party's mediation, ... A History of Marxian Economics), George Williamson (writing as James Finlayson, Urban Devastation - The Planning of ... workers together composed a proletarian class divorced from any meaningful control over production or distribution. ...
This route can offer methanol production from biomass at efficiencies up to 75%.[citation needed] Widespread production by this ... Hagen, David L. (December 1976). Methanol: Its Synthesis, Use as a Fuel, Economics, and Hazards. Energy Research and ... These production methods, however, are not suitable for small-scale production.[citation needed] ... History and production[edit]. Historically, methanol was first produced by destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of wood, ...
The cause of the failure does not call into question "the correctness of the production of the product in general," he said. ... Economics Minister Yakov Urinson and Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin.[18] ... They are technological and are related to the production of the nozzle," Borisov told a roundtable meeting on state defense ... After this successful launch, the start of serial production of Bulava missiles in the same configuration was announced on 28 ...
Economics plays a major role in exotic species introduction. High demand for the valuable Chinese mitten crab is one ... Economic costs from invasive species can be separated into direct costs through production loss in agriculture and forestry, ... biomass harvested for fuel production. By B.C. Wolverton and R.C. McDonald. 1981. Econ. Bot. 35(2):224-232. Cited in Handbook ... Ecological Economics. 52 (3): 273-288. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2004.10.002.. ...
Through the production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse in West Africa during the 1960s and 1970s, ... "According to the 2015 edition of the Cocoa Barometer, a biennial report examining the economics of cocoa that's published by a ... France's main goal was to stimulate the production of exports. Coffee, cocoa, and palm oil crops were soon planted along the ... Coffee production increased significantly, catapulting Ivory Coast into third place in world output, behind Brazil and Colombia ...
Separate production wells are used to bring the product gas to the surface.[7][9] The high pressure combustion is conducted at ... Economics[edit]. Underground coal gasification allows access to coal resources that are not economically recoverable by other ... Production of hydrogen.. In addition, carbon dioxide produced as a by-product of underground coal gasification may be re- ... Production gradually increased, and, in 1937-1938, the local chemical plant began using the produced gas. In 1940, experimental ...
... education economics, safety and security economics, health economics, war economics, and of course, production, distribution ... Production, cost, and efficiency. Main articles: Production (economics), Opportunity cost, Economic efficiency, and Production- ... cultural economics, family economics and institutional economics. Law and economics, or economic analysis of law, is an ... constitutional economics, institutional economics, evolutionary economics, dependency theory, structuralist economics, world ...
Madan, M. S. (2016), "Production, Marketing, and Economics of Ginger", Ginger, CRC Press, pp. 444-477, doi:10.1201/ ... Production. In 2018, global production of ginger was 2.8 million tonnes, led by India with 32% of the world total. China, ... Madan, M. S. (2016), "Production, Marketing, and Economics of Ginger", Ginger, CRC Press, pp. 444-477, doi:10.1201/ ... "Ginger production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World/Production/Quantity (from pick lists)". FAOSTAT. FAO, Statistics Division. 2019 ...
"World tea production reaches new highs". *^ About Turkey:Geography, Economics, Politics, Religion and Culture, Rashid ... "World tea production in 2016; Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity from picklists". Food and Agriculture Organization of the ... Tea production in Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda has been reported to make use of child labor according to the U.S ... In 2016, global production of tea was about 6 million tonnes, led by China with 40% and India with 22% of the world total ( ...
... in the production of acetylene from calcium carbide, contamination often leads to trace production of phosphine and arsine.[19] ... as a fuel in steelmaking to extend the scrap ratio to liquid iron, depending on economics. ... ProductionEdit. Calcium carbide is produced industrially in an electric arc furnace from a mixture of lime and coke at ... Production of acetyleneEdit. The reaction of calcium carbide with water, producing acetylene and calcium hydroxide,[5] was ...
With this biofuel production generation, food crops are thus explicitly grown for fuel production, and not anything else. The ... Economics. *European Biomass Association. *International Renewable Energy Agency. *List of biofuel companies and researchers ... Another issue with biofuel use and production is the US has changed mandates many times because the production has been taking ... According to the Rocky Mountain Institute, sound biofuel production practices would not hamper food and fibre production, nor ...
Some researchers in development economics, such as Theodore Schultz who won a Nobel Prize in 1979, have found that literate ... Increased and intensified industrial and agricultural production and emission of toxic chemicals directly into the soil, air, ... O'Sullivan, Arthur; Sheffrin, Steven M. (2003). Economics: Principles in Action. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Pearson ... Mankiw, N. Gregory (2007). Principles of Economics (4th ed.). ISBN 0-324-22472-9.. ...
The school's main theatre, where most school productions are staged, is named after alumna Celia Johnson. Other productions are ... Stephanie Flanders - BBC Economics editor. *Bronwen Maddox - senior journalist at 'The Times' newspaper ...
Journal of Socio-Economics. 28 (4): 475-967. doi:10.1016/S1053-5357(99)00045-1.. ... production of public goods, and environmentalism.[6] ...
Impartial feasibility studies focused on NPK Fertilizer manufacturing economics, showing CAPEX, OPEX, key process indicators ... reports/industrial-processes-economics Reports Focused on NPK Production Economics ECONOMICS OF NPK FERTILIZER PRODUCTION (NPK ... ECONOMICS OF NPK FERTILIZER PRODUCTION (NPK E11C) This study also concerns the economics of NPK Fertilizer production, but ... Production cost history (4-year timeframe) Understand NPK production costs Industrial Process Economics About NPK Fertilizer ...
Redesigning public programs can help shift the exclusive paddy production promotion to broad-based agricultural development ... Myanmar has the lowest profits from rice production compared to those achieved by farmers in Asias other rice bowls. In 2013- ... Farmers widely use urea and compound fertilizers for paddy production in both monsoon and dry seasons, but often at inefficient ... Many factors affecting farm production can be influenced by the government through service delivery and an enabling policy ...
At its centre is the concept of joint production. This captures the phenomenon whereby several effects necessarily emerge from ... Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics ... "Joint Production and Responsibility in Ecological Economics," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2598, July. ... Pretend you are at the helm of an economics department. Services from the StL Fed Data, research, apps & more from the St. ...
Production Economics - Cost Of Production Budgets. These estimates can be used as the starting point for farm budgets. You can ... Canola Biodiesel Production Costs (XLS 151 KB or PDF 99 KB). *Canola Biodiesel Production Costs - Farm Fuels (XLS 146 KB or PDF ... Ag Days - Organic Crop Production Costs 2018 (PDF 1.6 MB) *Agronomics & Economics, Crop Management Decisions Need Both 2018 ( ... Crop Production Costs (XLS 935 KB or PDF 605 KB) (canola, wheat - hard red spring, soybeans, barley, oats, wheat - winter, corn ...
... economics and infrastructure issues of nuclear hydrogen production. Analysis of plant efficiency and process modeling of ... 581c) Development of Design and Simulation Model and Safety Study of Large-Scale Hydrogen Production Using Nuclear Power ... 581e) Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Production Via Water-Splitting Using Nuclear Energy ... via water-splitting by the use of heat from a high-temperature nuclear reactor combined with various hydrogen production ...
S0925527319303585 Delivery time dynamics in an assemble-to-order inventory and order based production control system. by Lin, ... 82-98 The effect of production- versus consumption-based emission tax under demand uncertainty. by Ren, Jie & Chen, Xi & Hu, ... S0925527319304396 Data-driven control of a production system by using marking-dependent threshold policy. by Khayyati, Siamak ... S0925527319304244 Efficient coordination of supply contracts with demand learning and two production modes. by Li, Xin & Lian, ...
PLACES AND PRODUCTION. © Council for Economic Education, New York, NY. Geography: Focus on Economics, Lesson 7 Lesson ... Tell the class that this lesson is about Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a measure of economic production, which is used by ... A nations overall levels of income, employment, and prices are determined by the interaction of spending and production ...
Public production and household production are financed by the incomes generated in market production. Thus market production ... The most important forms of production are: market production public production household production In order to understand the ... economics) Factors of production Outline of industrial organization Outline of production Output (economics) Price Prices of ... The area of economics that focuses on production is referred to as production theory, which in many respects is similar to the ...
Chapter 6 Production Magic: Pulling a Rabbit Out of the Hat In This Chapter Understanding variable and fixed inputs, and their ... relationship to time Defining the relationship between inputs and ... - Selection from Managerial Economics For Dummies [Book] ... Managerial Economics For Dummies by Robert J. Graham. Stay ahead with the worlds most comprehensive technology and business ... See Chapter 4 on elasticity.) Similarly, in production, sometimes youre better off using a lot of machines, what economists ...
... Galbe, Mats LU ; Sassner, Per LU ; Wingren, Anders and Zacchi, Guido LU ... Bioethanol production · Biomass · Flowsheeting · Process economics. host publication. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/ ... This work presents a review of studies on the process economics of ethanol. production from lignocellulosic materials published ... This work presents a review of studies on the process economics of ethanol. production from lignocellulosic materials published ...
Assignment Advanced Managerial Economics, BPME7103 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free ... While economics of scale remain an issue, GFSB will leverage on its existing manufacturing capacity for its food production and ... Production and cost production remains one of the most important steps, in making a managerial economic decision for a ... 3. PRODUCTION AND COST OF PRODUCTION: a. Managers are required to make resource allocation decisions. Identify the relevant ...
The Economics of Reality: How Finance Dominates Production and Rents Overshadow Profits. By Michael Saturday, March 24, 2001 ... The task of the Economics of the Future is thus to bring (drag?) economics out of its "mythological" stage and introduce modern ... The False Mathematization of Economics - Todays Parallel Universe Economics. x. Beyond the Enlightenment ("Against Atomism"). ... the economics of the future will integrate finance and production, thereby restoring the lost link (as drama had been lost to ...
Journal Article: Current technologies, economics and perspective for 2, 5-dimethylfuran (DMF) production from biomass derived ... Title: Current technologies, economics and perspective for 2, 5-dimethylfuran (DMF) production from biomass derived ...
Examines how energy production and use affects the economy, our wellbeing, and our heath. It will also look at how energy ... Social Issues, Economics, and Politics. Examines how energy production and use affects the economy, our wellbeing, and our ... economics, climate science, and social science perspectives. This course will cover the current production and utilization of ... Economic and Social Impact of Energy Production and Use Part 2. To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider ...
... fresh litter and composted litter for rice production. Traditional cost minimization techniques using data from experimental ... ECONOMICS OF TRADE-OFF BETWEEN UREA NITROGEN AND POULTRY LITTER FOR RICE PRODUCTION Govindasamy, Ramu ; Cochran, Mark J. ; ... Home , ECONOMICS OF TRADE-OFF BETWEEN UREA NITROGEN AND POULTRY LITTER FOR RICE PRODUCTION ... fresh litter and composted litter for rice production. Traditional cost minimization techniques using data from experimental ...
Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC): A High-Value Co-Product that Improves the Economics of Cellulosic Ethanol Production. Qiong ... Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC): A High-Value Co-Product that Improves the Economics of Cellulosic Ethanol Production. Energies ... "Nanofibrillated Cellulose (NFC): A High-Value Co-Product that Improves the Economics of Cellulosic Ethanol Production." ... A High-Value Co-Product that Improves the Economics of Cellulosic Ethanol Production. Energies 2014, 7, 607-618. ...
Based on the rates of returns, N1 invested in each of maize, yam and cassava production yielded N1.2, N3.4 and N3.1, ... The results of budgetary analysis showed that variable cost was highest in yam production. The average revenues per hectare for ... Based on the rates of returns, N1 invested in each of maize, yam and cassava production yielded N1.2, N3.4 and N3.1, ... Effects of property rights on agricultural production: The Nigerian experience. A. A. Akinola. *A. A. Akinola ...
While the impact on supply appears manageable given the Chengduplant is not the main iPad 2 production site, this may still ... As Hon Hai only opened its iPad production line in Chengdu backin fourth quarter of 2010, Morgan Stanley estimates the ... Fire at Foxconn plant may tighten iPad 2 production: Morgan Stanley. 2011/05/23 12:38:37 ... monthlyoutput of the plant was less than 400,000 units, or less than 30percent of production from mid-second quarter to now. ...
This is my first post at Core economics, cross-posted with ClubTroppo) There has been much talk in the last 12 months about the ... Categories Economics 15 thoughts on "Which production factor gets destroyed in major recessions, part I?" * Simon Baptist says: ... Which production factor gets destroyed in major recessions, part I?. (This is my first post at Core economics, cross-posted ... Why does this production function say that well be on the production frontier, yet despite our endowments, were in the middle ...
... to examine the economics of sorghum production. Sixty farmers were randomly chosen and data were collected using a well ... The data were analysed using simple descriptive statistics, farm budgeting model and Cobb Douglas production model. The result ... However, the major constraints identified in sorghum production were high cost of inputs, low prices of produce, inadequate ... and good storage facilities will go a long way to increase production and profitability. Sani, R.M.; Haruna, R.; Sirajo, S. ...
Lunchseminar in Economics: Diffusion under Limited Production Factors: the Case of Pollution in Soil. Partager cet événement : ... Page daccueil // FDEF // Actualités // Lunchseminar in Economics: Diffusion under Limited Production Factors: the Case of ... The economy can either use its production for consumption or for depolluting soil that has been affected by the production ... We study an agricultural production model using spatial growth model framework. Each location needs fertile soil to produce but ...
... ... Brito, Dagobert L. and Curl, Robert F.. "Economics of Pricing the Cost of Carbon Dioxide Restrictions in the Production of ... ... ...
Effects of tillage practice on soil structure, N2O emissions and economics in cereal production under current socio-economic ... soil structure and the economics of cereal production, as compared with conventional tillage (CT). The field experiment was ... The reduced number of operations in RT reduced production costs and generated positive net returns. Therefore, RT could ...
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics (367)*E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal ... Items where Subject is "E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics , E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor ... Byrne, Joseph P and Davis, E Philip (2002): Investment and Uncertainty in the G7. Published in: Review of World Economics , Vol ... Daskovskiy, Vadim and Kiselyov, Vladimir (2010): Assessment of investment projects on the basis of production efficiency. ...
Peeters, H.M.M. (1997): The (mis-)specification of production costs in production smoothing models. Published in: Economics ... E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics (1711)*E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal ... Zhao, Guo (2014): Dynamic Production Theory under No-Arbitrage Constraints. Zhao, Guo (2014): Dynamic Production Theory under ... Items where Subject is "E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics , E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor ...
International Journal of Production Economics" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with ... International Journal of Production Economics, 59(1), 135-146.. MLA. Korpela, Jukka, and Antti Lehmusvaara. "A customer ... International Journal of Production Economics Elsevier http://www. ... This approach is based on production or company oriented logistics thinking. However, in the present competitive business ...
Production economics of summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus aquaculture in a recirculating system UNCW Author/Contributor ( ... Production economics of summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus aquaculture in a recirculating system PDF (Portable Document ... The UNCW study of summer flounder production in a near-commercial scale RAS (Carroll et al. in press) is used as a basis for ...
In: Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food. RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:1:y:2009:i:2: ... In: Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food. RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:1:y:2009:i:1: ... In: Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food. RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:8:y:2016:i:5: ... In: Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food. RePEc:spr:ssefpa:v:7:y:2015:i:6: ...
Coal production continues to climb from historic low of second quarter 2020 but employment fell 15.7 percent in first quarter ... While coal production during the first quarter of this year remained 6.0% below levels seen in the same period in 2020, it ... U.S. coal production totaled 534.3 million tons in 2020, the lowest annual total since 1965, data from the U.S. Energy ... U.S. coal production in the first quarter of 2021 continued the industrys recovery from a significant drop the previous year, ...
Joint Production and Responsibility in Ecological Economics On the Foundations of Environmental Policy. *Advances in Ecological ... Chapter 1: Introduction: Joint Production and Ecological Economics Harald Dyckhoff and John Proops ... At its centre is the concept of joint production. This captures the phenomenon whereby several effects necessarily emerge from ... Chapter 3: Thermodynamics of Joint Production John Proops and Jakob de Swaan Arons ...
  • Scarf, PA and Cavalcante, C 2012, 'Modelling quality in replacement and inspection maintenance' , International Journal of Production Economics, 135 (1) , pp. 372-381. (
  • Syntetos, A and Boylan, JE 2010, 'On the variance of intermittent demand estimates' , International Journal of Production Economics, 128 (2) , pp. 546-555. (
  • International Journal of Production Economics, 103 (1) , pp. 36-47. (
  • International Journal of Production Economics, 71 (1-3) , pp. 457-466. (
  • Christer, AH , Lee, C and Wang, W 2000, 'A data deficiency based parameter estimating problem and case study in delay time PM modeling' , International Journal of Production Economics, 67 , pp. 63-76. (
  • This work presents a review of studies on the process economics of ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials published since 1996. (
  • The variation in estimated ethanol production cost is considerable, ranging from about 0.13 to 0.81 US$ per liter ethanol. (
  • To reduce the ethanol production cost it is necessary to reach high ethanol yields, as well as a high ethanol concentration during fermentation, to be able to decrease the energy required for distillation and other downstream process steps. (
  • Improved pretreatment methods, enhanced enzymatic hydrolysis with cheaper and more effective enzymes, as well as improved fermentation systems present major research challenges if we are to make lignocellulose-based ethanol production competitive with sugar- and starch-based ethanol. (
  • Process integration, either internally or externally with other types of plants, e.g. heat and power plants, also offers a way of reducing the final ethanol production cost. (
  • Further, practical investigations on increased substrate concentration in biogas and ethanol production, recycling of the liquid in anaerobic digestion and separation of low solids flows into solid and a liquid fraction for improved reactor applications deserves further attention. (
  • 4 ] optimised the SO 2 -catalysed steam pretreatment of hemp for ethanol production. (
  • The residues after ethanol production were used in a subsequent study to produce biogas (that contain methane) through anaerobic digestion (AD). (
  • BY Hope Deutscher For the past decade, as ethanol production has steadily increased so has the production of distillers grains. (
  • BY Susanne Retka Schill Next to corn, energy is the second most costly input for ethanol production. (
  • Flow sheet options for integrating ethanol production from spent sulfite liquor (SSL) into the acid-based sulfite pulping process at the Sappi Saiccor mill (Umkomaas, South Africa) were investigated, including options for generation of thermal and electrical energy from onsite bio-wastes, such as bark. (
  • Ethanol production from SSL at the highest substrate concentration was the most economically feasible when coal was used for process energy. (
  • High substrate concentrations and conventional distillation should be used when considering integrating ethanol production at sulfite pulping mills. (
  • The energy demands of existing ethanol production from molasses or syrup come primarily from the ethanol separation and purification section of the process [ 5 ]. (
  • Baye's bestselling Managerial Economics and Business Strategy provides a complete solution designed to help students use tools from intermediate microeconomics, game theory, and industrial organization to make sound managerial decisions. (
  • Now fully integrated within McGraw-Hill's Connect platform, the 8th edition provides instructors with new ways to assess student performance in the managerial economics course. (
  • What is managerial economics? (
  • Managerial economics is a science that helps to explain how resources such as labor, technology, land, and money can be allocated more efficiently. (
  • Understanding managerial economics helps individuals to make better decisions systematically. (
  • As such, managerial economics focuses on decisions individuals make. (
  • Nevertheless, I think many entrepreneurs and executives make bad business decisions because they don't understand the fundamentals of managerial economics. (
  • That's why, in this course, you'll learn about different aspects of managerial economics. (
  • In macroeconomics , aggregate production functions are estimated to create a framework in which to distinguish how much of economic growth to attribute to changes in factor allocation (e.g. the accumulation of physical capital ) and how much to attribute to advancing technology . (
  • While coal production during the first quarter of this year remained 6.0% below levels seen in the same period in 2020, it continued a recovery off of a historic low in the second quarter of 2020, an S&P Global Market Intelligence analysis showed. (
  • U.S. coal production totaled 534.3 million tons in 2020, the lowest annual total since 1965, data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration shows. (
  • Quarterly production dropped to just 115.1 million tons in the second quarter of 2020 as pandemic-related factors weighed on demand. (
  • CV298/CV298: 2020?2021 Vegetable Production Handbook: Chapter 4. (
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily , Work injuries in the heat in 2015 on the Internet at (visited August 04, 2020 ). (
  • Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily , 14.9 percent of civilian jobs exposed to hazardous contaminants in 2016 on the Internet at (visited August 11, 2020 ). (
  • Production is a process of combining various material inputs and immaterial inputs (plans, know-how) in order to make something for consumption (output). (
  • The area of economics that focuses on production is referred to as production theory, which in many respects is similar to the consumption (or consumer) theory in economics. (
  • Efficiency, technological, pricing, behavioural, consumption and productivity changes are a few of the critical elements that significantly influence production economics. (
  • The economy can either use its production for consumption or for depolluting soil that has been affected by the production process. (
  • Agricultural economics, is a field of study related to the application of economics theory to problems and issues surrounding the production, processing, distribution and consumption of agricultural food and fibre products. (
  • The economy is the production and consumption activities that determine how scarce resources are allocated in an area. (
  • The production function is not a full model of the production process: it deliberately abstracts from inherent aspects of physical production processes that some would argue are essential, including error, entropy or waste, and the consumption of energy or the co-production of pollution. (
  • Using stillage for biogas production, as well as utilizing the steam, reduced the overall energy consumption by 40 % compared to the plant in operation. (
  • Based on the rates of returns, N1 invested in each of maize, yam and cassava production yielded N1.2, N3.4 and N3.1, respectively implying that yam was the most profitable crop in the study area. (
  • Therefore, RT could potentially provide agronomic and environmental benefits in crop production in BH. (
  • Agricultural economics differs from the study of crop science or animal science primarily because of its relation to human behaviour. (
  • Production of sunflowers subsequently rose dramatically in the Great Plains states as marketers found new niches for the seeds as an oil crop, a birdseed crop, and as a human snack food. (
  • The growth of sunflower as an oilseed crop has rivaled that of soybean, with both increasing production over 6-fold since the 1930s. (
  • Commercial row crop production in Arkansas. (
  • However, sugarcane is the leading crop in the world in terms of dry matter production. (
  • The environment as a challenge for governmental responsibility -- The case of the European Water Framework Directive ," Ecological Economics , Elsevier, vol. 68(7), pages 2058-2065, May. (
  • Energy-efficient integration of bioethanol production into processes such as the magnesium oxide (MgO) acid sulfite pulping process provides opportunities for the co-production of bio-energy products with existing pulp products. (
  • Researchers are also experimenting on producing a root potato variety that will be used for biofuel production. (
  • With the help of an unusual soil bacteria, researchers at Sandia National Laboratories believe they now know how to crack open lignin, a breakthrough that could transform the economics of biofuel production. (
  • The Intratec portfolio ( includes reports examining specific NPK production processes. (
  • For a 10-page description of our methodology, visit Reports Focused on NPK Production Economics ECONOMICS OF NPK FERTILIZER PRODUCTION (NPK E11A) This report presents the economics of a typical phosphonitric process for NPK Fertilizer production in the USA from rock phosphate, phosphoric acid, ammonia, and nitric acid. (
  • 3. Industrial Process Economics Reports Family Intratec's Industrial Process Economics reports are a family of reports presenting techno-economic evaluations of specific processes employed in the production of chemicals or utilities. (
  • Hydrogen can be produced via water-splitting by the use of heat from a high-temperature nuclear reactor combined with various hydrogen production processes, including thermochemical, electrolytic, and hybrid cycles. (
  • Analysis of plant efficiency and process modeling of hydrogen production processes (with emphasis on overall plant system performance) may also be included. (
  • The most important forms of production are: market production public production household production In order to understand the origin of economic well-being, we must understand these three production processes. (
  • It has been argued, based on the thermodynamic laws of mass conservation and entropy generation, that in industrial production processes the occurrence of joint outputs is as necessary as the use of material resources (Ayres and Kneese 1969, Faber et al. (
  • Moreover, production functions do not ordinarily model the business processes , either, ignoring the role of strategic and operational business management. (
  • evaluates the arguments of pro-globalists and anti-globalists regarding issues such as globalization's relationship to democracy, its impact on the environment and on labor markets including the brain drain, sweat shop labor, wage levels, and changes in production processes, and the associated expansion of trade and its effects on prices. (
  • To reduce the production cost of ethanol and biogas from biomass, the use of feedstocks that are cheaper than hemp, give higher output of ethanol and biogas, or combined production with higher value products are primarily suggested. (
  • 2 Effective sustainable biofuels strategies would comprise scalable production of transportable and clean-burning fuels derived from a robust microbial host, cultivated on renewable waste biomass or industrial waste streams, with minimal downstream processing, and (limited) use of fresh water. (
  • With the world's first MOOOOO-C, you will gain a broad and comprehensive understanding of all aspects of dairy management such as genetics, nutrition, reproduction, animal health, farm economics, and sustainability of dairy production systems. (
  • Given the steady rise in organic product interest and efforts to ensure agricultural sustainability, a substantial amount of research has been dedicated to organic fruit and vegetable production in order to guarantee successful adoption of these practices as an alternative to conventional agriculture. (
  • The Canadian Encyclopedia (accessed February 19, 2018). (
  • Tell the class that this lesson is about Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a measure of economic production, which is used by economists and geographers as a measure of well-being. (
  • With over a million copies sold, Economics in One Lesson is an essential guide to the basics of economic theory. (
  • Hazlitt wrote Economics in One Lesson , his seminal work, in 1946. (
  • Economic commentators across the political spectrum have credited Hazlitt with foreseeing the collapse of the global economy which occurred more than 50 years after the initial publication of Economics in One Lesson . (
  • Hazlitt's focus on non-governmental solutions, strong -- and strongly reasoned -- anti-deficit position, and general emphasis on free markets, economic liberty of individuals, and the dangers of government intervention make Economics in One Lesson every bit as relevant and valuable today as it has been since publication. (
  • Calling this a lesson in economics is blatantly deceptive. (
  • Hazlitt wrote Economics in One Lesson , his seminal text on free market economics, in 1946, bringing his ideas and those of the so-called Austrian School to the American scene. (
  • Economics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for those who study, teach, research and apply economics and econometrics. (
  • Thanks for contributing an answer to Economics Stack Exchange! (
  • Harsher pretreatment than chopping is not required for biogas production, but acid-catalysed steam pretreatment gives a higher production than simply chopping. (
  • The simulations were compared using different scenarios including different concentrations of ethanol, using the stillage for biogas production to produce steam instead of distiller grains as a by-product, and altering the purity of the ethanol produced. (
  • The validation showed that the PSM predicted the biogas production about 5% inexcess, which could ease the biogas industry to predict biogas from new substrates. (
  • The production process and output directly result from productively utilising the original inputs (or factors of production). (
  • In addition to the common factors of production, in different economic schools of thought, entrepreneurship and technology are sometimes considered evolved factors in production. (
  • The difference in the value of the production values (the output value) and costs (associated with the factors of production) is the calculated profit. (
  • Factors of production, interdependence, international trade, and market vs. command economies are clearly explained. (
  • The domestic business sector combines the four factors of production, which it acquires from the domestic household sector through the resource markets, to produce the overwhelming majority of the goods and services exchanged through the product markets. (
  • The services of the four factors of production--labor, capital, land, and entrepreneurship--are traded through resource markets. (
  • The inputs to the production function are commonly termed factors of production and may represent primary factors, which are stocks. (
  • Classically, the primary factors of production were land, labour and capital. (
  • This course is designed to introduce students to the issues of energy in the 21st century - including food and fuels - which are inseparably linked - and will discuss energy production and utilization from the biology, engineering, economics, climate science, and social science perspectives. (
  • After the introductory lectures, we will examine the emerging field of sustainable energy, fuel and food production, emphasizing the importance of developing energy efficient and sustainable methods of production, and how these new technologies can contribute to replacing the diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, and reduce the consequences of carbon dioxide release into the environment. (
  • Connect Master: Economics offers the same core content covered in mainstream textbooks, but breaks free from the constraints. (
  • Impartial feasibility studies focused on NPK Fertilizer manufacturing economics, showing CAPEX, OPEX, key process indicators and process diagrams. (
  • Intratec's highly experienced engineers start the development of process economics reports with in-depth, comprehensive research on the technology examined, encompassing patents and available technical literature, non-confidential information provided by technology licensors and Intratec's in-house database. (
  • Economic well-being is created in a production process, meaning all economic activities that aim directly or indirectly to satisfy human wants and needs. (
  • Our objective was to identify the most costly process steps and the impact of various parameters on the fi- nal production cost, e.g. plant capacity, raw material cost, and overall product yield, as well as process configuration. (
  • Originally cob- Douglas production function was applied not to the production process of an individual firm but to the whale of the manufacturing industry. (
  • The analyses include assessments of heat demand, energy efficiency and process economics in terms of annual cash flows and minimum biogas and ethanol selling prices (MBSP and MESP). (
  • The production and prices of methane and ethanol influence the process economics more than the production and prices of electricity and district heat. (
  • Sets up and controls operation of single or multiple production machines for the process of manufacturing products. (
  • Against the backdrop of growing anti-globalisation sentiments and increasing fragmentation of the production process across countries, this book addresses how the Indonesian economy should respond and how Indonesia should shape its trade and industrial policies in this new world trade environment. (
  • The novelty of this work consists in developing a process for i-BA production, for which design, control and economic evaluation studies have not been reported in literature. (
  • The process is controllable, the control system showing robustness when production capacity and reactor temperature change. (
  • Primary factors do not become part of the output product, nor are the primary factors, themselves, transformed in the production process. (
  • The production function, as a theoretical construct, may be abstracting away from the secondary factors and intermediate products consumed in a production process. (
  • 1) Modeling approach in which a Process Simulation Model (PSM) model was developed forpredicting the biogas productions, as exploiting new substrates is vital for a biogas industrygrowth. (
  • She therefore has accumulated a wealth of experience working with industry partners and acquired a real view of the manufacturing process starting from product design, purchasing, production, to marketing, and to recycling, where the operations management concept embeds in each stage. (
  • Principles of Economics is a leading political economy or economics textbook of Alfred Marshall (1842-1924), first published in 1890. (
  • citation needed] Marshall began writing the Principles of Economics in 1881 and he spent much of the next decade at work on the treatise. (
  • The first "digital-first" approach for principles of economics courses. (
  • In an epoch of unparalleled social transformations, economics became marginalist rather than dealing with structural change. (
  • Post-classical marginalist economics became based on what it claimed to be psychological utility. (
  • The production function is central to the marginalist focus of neoclassical economics, its definition of efficiency as allocative efficiency, its analysis of how market prices can govern the achievement of allocative efficiency in a decentralized economy, and an analysis of the distribution of income, which attributes factor income to the marginal product of factor input. (
  • Browse other questions tagged microeconomics mathematical-economics linear-algebra or ask your own question . (
  • The production function assesses the relationship between the inputs and the quantity of output. (
  • However, the major constraints identified in sorghum production were high cost of inputs, low prices of produce, inadequate provision of credit and inadequate storage facilities amongst others. (
  • Therefore, intervention such as provision of inputs, soft loans, and good storage facilities will go a long way to increase production and profitability. (
  • Many economists have studied actual production functions and have used statistical methods to find out relations between changes in physical inputs and physical outputs. (
  • The third, fifth, and seventh commands use the function cesCalc, which is included in the micEconCES package, to calculate the deterministic output variables for the CES functions with two, three, and four inputs (called y2, y3, and y4, respectively) given a CES production function. (
  • Given that you have a CES production function and you use World Bank Country data as inputs, you need output of the countries in that specific year. (
  • In economics , a production function gives the technological relation between quantities of physical inputs and quantities of output of goods. (
  • One important purpose of the production function is to address allocative efficiency in the use of factor inputs in production and the resulting distribution of income to those factors, while abstracting away from the technological problems of achieving technical efficiency, as an engineer or professional manager might understand it. (
  • For modelling the case of many outputs and many inputs, researchers often use the so-called Shephard's distance functions or, alternatively, directional distance functions,wasd which are generalizations of the simple production function in economics. (
  • To satisfy the mathematical definition of a function , a production function is customarily assumed to specify the maximum output obtainable from a given set of inputs. (
  • that is, a production function relates physical inputs to physical outputs, and prices and costs are not reflected in the function. (
  • In the decision frame of a firm making economic choices regarding production-how much of each factor input to use to produce how much output-and facing market prices for output and inputs, the production function represents the possibilities afforded by an exogenous technology. (
  • The data were analysed using simple descriptive statistics, farm budgeting model and Cobb Douglas production model. (
  • A most familiar empirical production function found out by statistical methods is the cobb-Douglas production function. (
  • Roughly speaking Cobb-Douglas production function found that about 75% of the increase in manufacturing production was due to the labour input and the remaining 25 % was due to the capital input. (
  • Cobb-Douglas production can be estimated by regression analysis by first converting it into the following log form. (
  • Cobb - Douglas production function in log form is a linear function. (
  • Cobb-Douglas production function is used in empirical studies to estimate returns to scale n various industries as to whether they are increasing consent or decreasing. (
  • Further Cobb-Douglas production function is also frequently used to estimate output elasticizes of labour and capital. (
  • 1. The sum of the exponents of factors in Cobb-Douglas production function that is a + b measure returns to scale. (
  • 2. In a linear homogeneous Cobb-Douglas production function Q = AL K average and marginal products of a factor depend on ratio of factors used in produiotn and is independent of the absolute quantities of the factors used. (
  • In the linear homogeneous Cobb-Douglas production function. (
  • Like the average product of a factor the marginal product of a factor of a linear homogeneous Cobb-Douglas production function also depends upon the ratio of the factors used and is independent of the absolute quantities of the factors used. (
  • To truly understand how projects are valued and investment decisions are made, professionals working in the upstream industry must have detailed and up-to-date knowledge of petroleum economics and risk analysis. (
  • We study an agricultural production model using spatial growth model framework. (
  • Known as primary producer goods or services, land, labour, and capital are deemed the three fundamental production factors. (
  • Under classical economics, materials and energy are categorised as secondary factors as they are bi-products of land, labour and capital. (
  • The 'holiday' view of recessions essentially arises from the fact that most macro-models take a perfect-market view of the aggregate economy and boil down the complicated machinery of GDP creation into a smooth production function which usually only includes Labour, Human capital, Physical capital, and Technology. (
  • Note that marginal product of a factor say labour is first derivative of the production function with respect to labour. (
  • The efficiency as compared with the cost of almost every class of labour, is thus continually being weighed in the balance in one or more branches of production against some other classes of labour: and each of these in its turn against others. (
  • This competition is primarily "vertical": it is a struggle for the field of employment between groups of labour belonging to different grades, but engaged in the same branch of production, and inclosed, as it were, between the same vertical walls. (
  • This course will cover the current production and utilization of energy, as well as the consequences of this use, examining finite fossil energy reserves, how food and energy are linked, impacts on the environment and climate, and the social and economic impacts of our present energy and food production and use. (
  • If you look over the last 10 years, without significant climate change policy, we have seen a significant decrease in coal production, largely due to a transition toward natural gas as a power producer," said Brian Anderson, director of the National Energy Technology Laboratory. (
  • Similarly, in production, sometimes you're better off using a lot of machines, what economists call capital, to produce your good, and other times you're better off using more labor. (
  • While some academics might disagree with my definition, economists use scientific methods to explain human behavior in a very formal way, and despite the fact that their economics models seem to be overly simplistic, they're often shockingly accurate in predicting human behavior. (
  • A 2007-2011 study by economists at the Illinois Farm Business Farm Management Association, or FBFM, demonstrated that intensifying corn production when corn prices are high didn't add much to profits. (
  • Some non-mainstream economists , however, reject the very concept of an aggregate production function. (
  • Jackson, T. Prosperity Without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet (Routledge, 2009). (
  • citation needed] The underlying assumption of production is that maximisation of profit is the key objective of the producer. (
  • CROPPLAN Production Cost, Marketing and Management Calculator enables farmers to estimate the annual cash cost of producing field crops on their land. (
  • The increased adoption of conservation tillage and organic weed control practices in vegetable production requires more information on the role of various cover crops in integrated weed control, tomato quality, and yield. (
  • LED Lighting for Urban Agriculture , a book edited by Toyoki Kozai, Kazuhiro Fujiwara, and Erik Runkle that focuses on light-emitting diode (LED) lighting for the commercial production of horticultural crops in plant factories and greenhouses. (
  • Mineral Economics is an international, multidisciplinary journal focused on economics and policy issues in the minerals, metals and mining industries. (
  • Examples of such industries include gold production and pharmaceuticals. (
  • Published in: European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences No. 11 (September 2008): pp. 84-96. (
  • Published in: International Research Journal of Finance and Economics No. 26 (2009): pp. 34-40. (
  • Includes 64 papers and 17 abstracts pertaining to research conducted on forest regeneration and propagation, forest products, ecology and forest dynamics, human dimensions and economics, forest biometrics and modeling, silviculture genetics, forest health and protection, and soil and mineral nutrition. (
  • Post-classical economics became simultaneously a fight against Marx and George. (
  • This was part of the general ignoring of assets, as private property itself had come under attack by the radical impulses inherent in classical economics itself. (
  • So ancient religion and social custom incorporated a broader world view than that taken by post-classical economics. (
  • This is the vast majority of aggregate production that is used to satisfy wants and needs. (
  • Sunflower accounts for about 14% of the world production of seed oils (6.9 million metric tons in 1985-86) and about 7% of the oilcake and meal produced from oilseeds. (
  • Economic well-being also increases due to the growth of incomes that are gained from the growing and more efficient market production. (
  • Indoor production of leafy greens, Part 2 of 4: How green light affects lettuce growth can depend on blue and red light. (
  • U.S. coal production in the first quarter of 2021 continued the industry's recovery from a significant drop the previous year, but the sector's employment levels are still suffering as the U.S. moves away from coal and embraces lower emission options. (
  • Knowing the cost of production is essential to management, marketing strategy and risk management planning and to giving a farm the best opportunity for overall profitability. (
  • The results of budgetary analysis showed that variable cost was highest in yam production. (
  • This means it must cost resources to build up, that investments into it are in some sense visible (even if they are not yet measured by statistical agencies), and it must actually be associated with production. (
  • Trust might be involved in the cost of building X, but it doesn't make sense to call it a direct production factor in itself. (
  • In this paper, we calculate the cost of a carbon dioxide constraint in the production of electricity by modeling the replacement of coal generators with natural gas generators. (
  • Brito, Dagobert L. and Curl, Robert F.. "Economics of Pricing the Cost of Carbon Dioxide Restrictions in the Production of Electricity. (
  • A particularly useful learning experience for those in technical and commercial disciplines, the course will present the fundamental aspects of discounted Cashflow analysis and risk analysis, as well as examining fiscal regimes, cost estimating, production profiles and commodity pricing. (
  • For example, if a disease is affecting only 5% of a production area, it is likely that a combination of multiple low-cost strategies will effectively manage the disease. (
  • Economies of scale, when as a firm produces more the average total cost of production gets smaller. (
  • Here, we report a field study on the short-term effects of reduced (RT) and no tillage (NT) on N2O emission dynamics, yield-scaled N2O emissions, soil structure and the economics of cereal production, as compared with conventional tillage (CT). (
  • Regime shift tests, using U. S. Energy Information Administration monthly crude oil production data from 1973 to 2010, show evidence of structural change in the time series nature of world production. (
  • At its centre is the concept of joint production. (
  • ECONOMICS OF NPK FERTILIZER PRODUCTION (NPK E11C) This study also concerns the economics of NPK Fertilizer production, but different from the report "NPK E11A", the economic analysis performed is based on a plant located in China. (
  • In production there are two features which explain increasing economic well-being. (
  • Because of this double role market production is the "primus motor" of economic well-being and therefore here under review. (
  • Technological change is a significant determinant in advancing economic production results, as noted throughout economic histories, such as the industrial revolution. (
  • But this is precisely what traumatized economics: Theories of government's proper role in economic affairs had been radicalized by Marx (and also by Henry George). (
  • The Economics of the Future also will re-incorporate the historical dimension - that of economic history, as well as the history of economic thought. (
  • We show how this option to "hold by production" (HBP) stimulates the drilling of many uneconomic wells but also creates incentives to delay other economic wells. (
  • However, when the countries also control the production of a good like petroleum, and when the treaty is primarily designed as a means of influencing the global market for this good, then the treaty also becomes a formal economic arrangement and an example of explicit collusion. (
  • Email: [email protected] present study was designed with a view to analyse the comparative economic aspect ofselected vegetables such as bean and bottle gourd production. (
  • Participatory economics , often abbreviated ParEcon , is an economic system based on participatory decision making as the primary economic mechanism for allocation in society. (
  • This economic model is primarily associated with political theorist Michael Albert and economist Robin Hahnel , who describe participatory economics as an anarchist economic vision. (
  • EPM visits with Novozymes, one of the world's leading enzyme producers, to take a look at the future of enzyme production. (
  • If the result equals more than 3.4, more intensive corn production could work for you. (
  • At the federal level, establishment in 1929 of the Economics Branch of the then Department of Agriculture was a response to the need for research into pressing agricultural problems, problems which worsened with the Great Depression . (
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAOSTAT, 2007), four countries account for about 60 percent of the worldwide orange production: Brazil (32 percent), United States (14 percent), India (6 percent), and Mexico (7 percent) ( Figure 2-1 ). (
  • How do we balance milk production efficiency with animal health and environmental protection? (
  • Karl Marx: Herakles oder Sisyphos?Eine philosophische und ökonomische Untersuchung ," Working Papers 0520, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics. (
  • Working Papers 0658, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics. (
  • Conceptual and political foundations for examining the interaction between nature and economy ," Working Papers 0659, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics. (
  • How to be an Ecological Economist ," Working Papers 0454, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2007. (
  • This paper briefly lays out the conditions for local production in Africa and describes the on-going work program of the WHO Department of Public Health, Innovation, Intellectual Property and Trade (PHI) directed at supporting local production efforts. (
  • In 1926 a Department of Farm Economics, headed by J.E. Lattimer, was established at Macdonald College, McGill University. (
  • graduate programs were offered with the help of the Department of Political Economy at the University of Toronto, which had appointed its first professor of Rural Economics, T. Jackman, in 1921. (
  • 1. Developing Country Studies www.iiste.orgISSN 2224-607X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0565 (Online)Vol 1, No.2, 2011 Comparative Economics of Bean and Bottle Gourd Production in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh Ummul Khayer MS student, Department of Agricultural Economics Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh. (
  • 88-01723779156 Ripon Kumar Mondal Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Economics, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207,Bangladesh. (
  • Myanmar has the lowest profits from rice production compared to those achieved by farmers in Asia's other rice bowls. (
  • Farmers widely use urea and compound fertilizers for paddy production in both monsoon and dry seasons, but often at inefficient application rates and inappropriate nutrient compositions. (
  • The findings of the studyrevealed that the production of selected vegetables were profitable. (
  • The buyers of this production are the four macroeconomic sectors--household, business, government, and foreign. (
  • The seller of this production is primarily the business sector. (
  • The business sector makes investment expenditures on capital goods, which add to the economy's production capabilities. (
  • The primary component on the supply side of the product markets is production of the business sector. (
  • Resource markets, also termed factor markets, are used by the business sector to acquire the factor services needed for production. (
  • In fact, in most operations only three critical business variables have tended toward real-time variation: energy costs, material costs and production value, i.e., the value of products being made. (