Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Diet, Reducing: A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.Bulimia Nervosa: An eating disorder that is characterized by a cycle of binge eating (BULIMIA or bingeing) followed by inappropriate acts (purging) to avert weight gain. Purging methods often include self-induced VOMITING, use of LAXATIVES or DIURETICS, excessive exercise, and FASTING.Binge-Eating Disorder: A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Diet, High-Fat: Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.Diet, Fat-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Diet, Mediterranean: A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Diet, Protein-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of protein. It is prescribed in some cases to slow the progression of renal failure. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted: A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.Ketogenic Diet: A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.Hunger: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.Diet Therapy: By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).Hyperphagia: Ingestion of a greater than optimal quantity of food.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood: Mental disorders related to feeding and eating usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood.Diet, Atherogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and acceleration of ATHEROGENESIS.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Satiation: Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.Diet Fads: Diets which become fashionable, but which are not necessarily nutritious.(Lehninger 1982, page 484)Weight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Satiety Response: Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Diabetic Diet: A diet prescribed in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, usually limited in the amount of sugar or readily available carbohydrate. (Dorland, 27th ed)Meals: A portion of the food eaten for the day, usually at regular occasions during the day.Diet, Sodium-Restricted: A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Appetite: Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.Body Dysmorphic Disorders: Preoccupations with appearance or self-image causing significant distress or impairment in important areas of functioning.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Food, Formulated: Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.Appetite Regulation: Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Cognitive Dissonance: Motivational state produced by inconsistencies between simultaneously held cognitions or between a cognition and behavior; e.g., smoking enjoyment and believing smoking is harmful are dissonant.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Cholesterol, Dietary: Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.Fast Foods: Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Rumen: The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Diet, Gluten-Free: A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.TriglyceridesHealth Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Breakfast: The first meal of the day.Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Gastrointestinal Contents: The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.RestaurantsCooking and Eating UtensilsNutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Fiji: A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Suva. It was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1643 and was visited by Captain Cook in 1774. It was used by escaped convicts from Australia as early as 1804. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1874 but achieved independence in 1970. The name Fiji is of uncertain origin. In its present form it may represent that of Viti, the main island in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p396 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p186)Thinness: A state of insufficient flesh on the body usually defined as having a body weight less than skeletal and physical standards. Depending on age, sex, and genetic background, a BODY MASS INDEX of less than 18.5 is considered as underweight.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Caseins: A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Caloric Restriction: Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Cooking: The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.Food Deprivation: The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Schools: Educational institutions.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Taste: The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Fatty Acids, Volatile: Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Food Services: Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.United StatesPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Social Control, Informal: Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Pediatric Obesity: BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Menu PlanningRats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Drinking: The consumption of liquids.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Phosphorus, Dietary: Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.Protein Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)Nuts: Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.Lunch: The meal taken at midday.Dietetics: The application of nutritional principles to regulation of the diet and feeding persons or groups of persons.Silage: Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).Diet, Macrobiotic: An approach to nutrition based on whole cereal grains, beans, cooked vegetables and the Chinese YIN-YANG principle. It advocates a diet consisting of organic and locally grown foods, seasonal vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and fewer fats, sugars, and chemically processed foods.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Soybean Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Anorexia: The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Adiposity: The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Food Quality: Ratings of the characteristics of food including flavor, appearance, nutritional content, and the amount of microbial and chemical contamination.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Eggs: Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.Corn Oil: Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Calcium, Dietary: Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)6-Phytase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Fatty Acids, Omega-3: A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.Fasting: Abstaining from all food.Pleasure: Sensation of enjoyment or gratification.Glutens: Prolamins in the endosperm of SEEDS from the Triticeae tribe which includes species of WHEAT; BARLEY; and RYE.Postprandial Period: The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Candy: Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Mice, Inbred C57BLLeptin: A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Defense Mechanisms: Unconscious process used by an individual or a group of individuals in order to cope with impulses, feelings or ideas which are not acceptable at their conscious level; various types include reaction formation, projection and self reversal.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Choline Deficiency: A condition produced by a deficiency of CHOLINE in animals. Choline is known as a lipotropic agent because it has been shown to promote the transport of excess fat from the liver under certain conditions in laboratory animals. Combined deficiency of choline (included in the B vitamin complex) and all other methyl group donors causes liver cirrhosis in some animals. Unlike compounds normally considered as vitamins, choline does not serve as a cofactor in enzymatic reactions. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated: Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
They feed primarily on leaves, buds, fruits, roots, although they also eat insects, small animals, and carrion. Diets of bears ... Also, not every one is allowed to eat bear meat, and children are strictly forbidden to do so. In Taroko (Truku) legend, ...
Diet[edit]. Mink eating a crayfish. Mink prey on fish and other aquatic life, small mammals, birds, and eggs; adults may eat ... Mononen; et al. (2012). "The development of on farm welfare assessment protocols for fox and mink: the WelFur project". Animal ... young mink.[13] Mink raised on farms primarily eat expired cheese, eggs, fish, meat and poultry slaughterhouse byproducts, dog ...
Wild adult green iguanas have been observed eating birds' eggs.[9] Zoologists, such as Adam Britton, believe that such a diet ... have been observed eating dead fish and individuals kept in captivity have been known to eat mice without any ill effects.[7] ... There is evidence of wild iguanas eating grasshoppers and tree snails, usually as a byproduct of eating plant material.[34][35] ... "Eating Invasive Iguanas , The Plate". Retrieved 2015-09-05.. *^ Jeanette Victor: Forestry Department. "Alien Invasive Green ...
"How much fruit do fruit-eating frogs eat? An investigation on the diet of Xenohyla truncata (Lissamphibia: Anura: Hylidae)". ... The diet mostly consists of small prey that do not move too fast such as beetles, caterpillars, earthworms and spiders. The ... Amphibians often eat the sloughed skin.[35] Caecilians are unique among amphibians in having mineralized dermal scales embedded ... They have a relatively long, spiral-shaped gut to enable them to digest this diet.[89] Some species are carnivorous at the ...
17 (5). Patricia Skinner (2005). "Wigmore diet". In Longe, Jacqueline L.; et al. The Gale encyclopedia of alternative medicine ... Diet Cults: The Surprising Fallacy at the Core of Nutrition Fads and a Guide to Healthy Eating for the Rest of US. Pegasus ... ISBN 0-7876-7428-1. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) "25 Exeter (196 Commonwealth)". Back Bay Houses. 19 July 2013. ... and did eat grass as oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his hairs were grown like eagles' feathers, and ...
Huebner, J.; Marienfeld, S.; Abbenhardt, C.; Ulrich, C.; et al. (2014). "Counseling patients on cancer diets: A review of the ... People with cancer who delay or forgo effective treatments as a result of using diets such as the Budwig Diet might suffer ... She developed the Budwig protocol, a purported anti-cancer diet, in 1952. The basis of the diet is modifying dietary fats. It ... Based on her research on fatty acids she developed a diet that she believed was useful in the treatment of cancer. There is no ...
Diet[edit]. Coral trout are fish-eating predators. Younger juvenile trout mostly eat crustaceans, especially prawns, which live ... This seasonal variation is quite common in the diet of coral trout due to varying abundances of prey at different times of the ... Coral trout are piscivorous; juveniles mostly eat crustaceans, especially prawns, and adults feed upon a variety of reef fish, ... Trout also tend to eat more food in winter, possibly to increase fat stores in preparation for reproduction in spring. ...
Diet[edit]. Mormon crickets eating another Mormon cricket. The Mormon cricket shows a marked preference for forbs, but grasses ... This bait kills both the Mormon crickets that eat the bait, and the crickets that eat crickets that have eaten the bait. ... Mormon crickets appear in some traditional Native American diets.[10][11] In 2003, officials in Utah, Idaho and Nevada said ... and secondly to avoid being eaten by hungry crickets approaching from the rear. The Mormon cricket's cannibalistic behavior may ...
Most of the minerals in a human diet come from eating plants and animals or from drinking water.[3] As a group, minerals are ... Schlenker, Eleanor; Gilbert, Joyce Ann (28 August 2014). Williams' Essentials of Nutrition and Diet Therapy. Elsevier Health ... Diet can meet all the body's chemical element requirements, although supplements can be used when some requirements (e.g., ... "Phosphorus in diet". MedlinePlus, National Library of Medicine, US National Institutes of Health. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 24 ...
Dickinson, M. B. et al., eds. (1999). Field Guide to the Birds of North America. National Geographic ISBN 0-7922-7451-2. ... In Nova Scotia, 98% of the diet was flounders.[12] In British Columbia, the primary prey species are sticklebacks, gunnels, ... Growth, diet, and mortality of nestling Great Blue Herons. Wilson Bull. 94:571-577. ... Other waterbirds (especially smaller herons) and, occasionally, even fish and mammal-eating raptors may nest amongst colonies.[ ...
The Kind Diet (2009). *Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows (2009) ... Honey - not eaten by most vegans. Cuisine that is traditionally vegetarian[edit]. Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on * ... Eggs - not eaten by pure vegetarians, vegans and lacto-vegetarians (most Indian vegetarians) ... These are some of the most common dishes that vegetarians eat without substitution of ingredients. Such dishes include, from ...
The Kind Diet (2009). *Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows (2009) ... "What is 'Tofurky' and why eat it?", Fox13, 24 November 2014. Retrieved on 24 December 2014. ...
The Kind Diet (2009). *Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows (2009) ...
It is important for people living HIV to eat a healthy adequate diet.[112] For people with HIV that have clinically ... Lipton M, et al. (1973). Task force report on megavitamin and orthomolecular therapy in psychiatry. Washington DC: American ... Miller M (1996). "Diet and psychological health". Altern Ther Health Med. 2 (5): 40-8. PMID 8795935.. ... Aaronson S, et al. (2003). "Cancer medicine". In Frei Emil, Kufe Donald W, Holland James F. Cancer medicine 6. Hamilton, ...
The Kind Diet (2009). *Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows (2009) ... Birt, D. F.; et al. (2013). "Resistant Starch: Promise for Improving Human Health". Advances in Nutrition. 4 (6): 587-601. doi: ... Preliminary studies in humans include the potential for regular consumption of legumes in a plant-based diet to reduce the ... Jayalath VH, de Souza RJ, Sievenpiper JL, et al. (January 2014). "Effect of dietary pulses on blood pressure: a systematic ...
The Kind Diet (2009). *Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows (2009) ... Its bulking quality has been behind fad diets in Asia, for example the kanten (the Japanese word for agar-agar[3]) diet. Once ... This diet has recently received some press coverage in the United States as well. The diet has shown promise in obesity studies ... Maeda H, Yamamoto R, Hirao K, Tochikubo O (January 2005). "Effects of agar (kanten) diet on obese patients with impaired ...
Our diets as children play a large role in influencing our health later in life. A 2007 study by Boeing et al., explored common ... Plan to eat meals together as a family more often to encourage an enjoyable atmosphere. Be a strong role model and have lots of ... A diet rich with Calcium, Vitamin C, B Vitamins, Iodine and Zinc ensures a growing child receives the most benefits from the ... There are many queries into exactly how much is one serve, and how do you judge how much you have to eat to be meeting the ...
Diet[edit]. A male bongo eating grass at Louisville Zoo. Like many forest ungulates, bongos are herbivorous browsers and feed ... This behavior is believed to be a means of getting salts and minerals into their diets. This behavior has also been reported in ... Bongos require salt in their diets, and are known to regularly visit natural salt licks. Examination of bongo feces revealed ... pythons sometimes eat bongo calves. Humans prey on them for their pelts, horns, and meat, with the species being a common local ...
Diet and feeding[edit]. The laughing falcon is a snake-eating specialist ... et sp. indet. (Early Miocene of Chubut, Argentina). *Falconidae gen. et sp. indet. (Pinturas Early/Middle Miocene of Argentina) ... et sp. indet. (Cerro Bandera Late Miocene of Neuquén, Argentina)[17]. *"Sushkinia" pliocaena (Early Pliocene of Pavlodar, ... e.g. Ericson et al., Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils, Biol Lett. 2007 Jun 22;3(3 ...
Diet and predation. Mantis eating a common bushbrown butterfly, Mycalesis perseus. Mantises are generalist predators of ... Battison, Roberto; et al. (2018). "The fishing mantid: predation on fish as a new adaptive strategy for praying mantids ( ... The reason for sexual cannibalism has been debated; experiments show that females on low quality diets have a higher chance to ... "Do Female Praying Mantises Always Eat the Males?". Entomology Today. 22 December 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2015.. ...
Hunting and diet. Snow leopard with a marmot in Kyrgyzstan. Eating at Ménagerie du Jardin des plantes, Paris ... The diet of the snow leopard varies across its range and with the time of year, and depends on prey availability. In the ... It also eats a significant amount of vegetation, including grass and twigs.[23] Snow leopards have been recorded to hunt in ... It is an opportunistic hunter and also eats carrion. It can kill animals two to four times its own weight, such as Himalayan ...
In 2006, Henderson et al. showed that there is a therapeutic effect of maintaining a ketogenic diet - a diet consisting of high ... Ketogenic diet[edit]. During prolonged periods of fasting, ketone bodies serve as the primary energy source for the brain. ... Ketogenic diets have also been shown to have some neuroprotective effects in models of Parkinson's disease and hypoxia as well. ... Gibson, K. M.; Schor, D. S.; Gupta, M.; Guerand, W. S.; Senephansiri, H.; Burlingame, T. G.; Bartels, H.; Hogema, B. M.; et al ...
Diet[edit]. Studies indicate that dietary patterns may affect development of BPH, but further research is needed to clarify any ... In 2008, Gat et al. published evidence that BPH is caused by failure in the spermatic venous drainage system resulting in ... Vos, Theo; et al. (1 December 2012). "Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990- ... Verhamme, K; Dieleman, JP; Bleumink, GS; Van Der Lei, J; Sturkenboom, MC; Artibani, W; Begaud, B; Berges, R; et al. (2002). " ...
Diet[edit]. The Achilles tang is herbivorous, eating mostly benthic algae. They will also accept frozen and meaty foods such as ... Selcon-type products can be utilized several times a week to supplement their diet. A lowered reef temperature of 78 °F can ...
The Eurasian blue tit prefers insects and spiders for its diet. Outside the breeding season, they also eat seeds and other ... It takes leaf miner grubs and green tortrix moths (Tortricidae). Seeds are eaten, as with all this family, and blue tits in ... due to high levels of carotene pigments in the diet.[11] The bill is black, the legs bluish grey, and the irides dark brown. ... sulphur-yellow with a dark line down the abdomen-the yellowness is indicative of the number of yellowy-green caterpillars eaten ...
Diet[edit]. The diet of ribbon seal consists almost exclusively of pelagic creatures: fish like pollocks, eelpouts, the Arctic ... a b c d Boveng, P.L. et al. (2008). Status Review of the Ribbon Seal (Histriophoca fasciata). Seattle, WA: U.S. Dept. of ... Cod and cephalopods such as squid and octopus; young seals eat crustaceans as well. The ribbon seal dives to depths of up to ...
Find this book in the Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec catalogue ... Find this book on the National Diet Library. Korea. * Find this book on the National Library of Korea ...
Rogosic, J.; et al. (2011). "Importance of plants with medicinal properties in herbivore diets". In Casasús, I.; Rosati, Andrea ... Shepherd, Jay F.; et al. "Landscape Fragmentation and Non-Breeding Greater Sage-Grouse". In Sandercock, Brett K.; et al. ... Pennacchio, Marcelo; et al. (2010). Uses and Abuses of Plant-Derived Smoke: Its Ethnobotany As Hallucinogen, Perfume, Incense, ... Radosevich, Steven R.; et al. (2007). Ecology of Weeds and Invasive Plants: Relationship to Agriculture and Natural Resource ...
The predominantly vegetarian diet, based on whole grains, cereals and vegetables, is gaining in popularity but can lead to ... Macrobiotic diet: Yin and Yang approach to healthy eating. The predominantly vegetarian diet, based on whole grains, cereals ... The diet, however, lacks certain vitamins and minerals, and supplements are often required. Strict adherence to the diet and ... Diet diary: With jaggery, spinach & more, boost your diet to fight pollution ...
Van Staveren et al., 1985). The macrobiotic diet has characteristics similar to the diet of many children in developing ... These findings were similar to those of earlier studies in smaller samples (Dwyer et al., 1980; Shull et al., 1977). ... Dagnelie et al., 1989b). In contrast, growth in length was only associated with the protein content of the diet. ... 1. Height for age of girls on macrobiotic diets in the Netherlands. - - P10, P50 and P90 of Dutch reference population (Roede ...
The Sunfood Diet: the healthiest way to eat vegan - Promoting the raw-food vegan diet, with recipes, articles, resources, and ... Soyouwanna be a vegan? - The diet of the future is fully explained in this article. Discusses how to stop eating animal ... They didnt have to say a word, all they had to do was not eat meat. I could feel my annoyance and even anger. It took me ... It is not the osmotic result of what one eats or even what one does. It is the consequence of a conscious and concerted ...
By limiting your carbohydrate application being on a ketogenic diet and in reality removing them on a ketogenic diet and eating ... A Ketogenic Diet Is Amazing For Weight Loss But Is The Ketogenic Diet A Safe Diet?. Ketogenic diet schedules for weight loss ... A Ketogenic Diet Is Amazing For Weight Loss But Is The Ketogenic Diet A Safe Diet? Ketogenic diet schedules for weight loss ... "The Bottom Line On The Ketogenic Diet". A ketogenic diet is a very efficient weight loss diet as long as you apply it correctly ...
Many people want to transition to a plant based diet and eat healthier meals, but they ask, what do i eat. The vegetarian diet ... Parish s vegetarian diet and incorporation of yoga into his.. The thrive diet is a vegan diet with a high percentage of raw ... But can eating only plant based foods really fuel distance runners. Stereotypically, this diet is not supported for athletes ... This entry was posted in eating well and tagged athletes, diet, vegan, 9 superstar athletes who don t om everyone on the no ...
Its one thing to slightly under-eat on a diet, which is composed of a variety of nutritionally dense foods. But to under-eat ... Raw Till 4 Vegan Diet Scam, Raw Vegan Diet & Vitamin B12 Deficiency, Raw Vegan Diet Dangers, Raw Vegan Diet Iodine Deficiency, ... admin 2 Comments 30 Bananas A Day Diet Scam, Brian Clement Raw Vegan Diet, Doug Graham 80/10/10 Diet, Durianrider, Freelee The ... As if eating a strict raw vegan diet wasnt already restrictive, many raw foodists take the extremity a step further and start ...
HealthDay (6/15, Edelson) reported that eating a Mediterranean-style diet might improve an important measure of heart function ... The researchers found that higher Mediterranean diet scores were related to greater variability in heart rate. On a… ... Mediterranean-Style Diet May Be Linked To Improved Cardiac Function. ... Mediterranean-Style Diet May Be Linked To Improved Cardiac Function.. HealthDay (6/15, Edelson) reported that "eating a ...
Healthy eating*Supermarket Buying Guide. *Diet & weight loss. *Food. *Food safety. *Nutrition ... There is no need to supplement your diet with red palm oil. There are better ways to get carotenoids (colorful fruits and ...
Special Diets. Youll find our staff concerned and accommodating should you have food allergies or dietary restrictions. Both ... Please see the following links for nutrition and healthy eating resources on the web. ...
If theres something Ive been dying to eat, Im going to have a hard time sticking to any one diet because Ill be fantasizing ... Plus, pigging out before dieting makes me want to diet since I feel so gross. I admit Ive been fantasizing about fast food. ... Ha.) But I know I cant survive on the Hollywood Cookie Diet if all Im doing is dreaming of meat falling off the bone, or ... I know it sounds weird to pig out before dieting, but I need to do it for my psyche. ...
Your Omega-3 Shopping List Trying to get more omega-3 fatty acids in your diet? This shopping list of whole and fortified foods ... Healthy Eating & Nutrition. Are you getting the nutrients you need? Learn top sources for vitamins and how much you need in ... your diet. * Vitamins and Nutrients. * How to Get Your Vitamin D Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones, and a lack of it can ...
... the key to a successful healthy diet is eating clean. Use these five tips to jump ... ... You may have heard about the eat clean diet to lose weight. Luckily, eating clean isnt just a passing fad or a new crash diet ... For some, eating a complete whole-food diet is an easy goal, while for others, not eating any processed foods whatsoever seems ... A clean diet is non-negotiable in the pursuit of a healthy lifestyle. So what does "eating clean" entail? Here are some basic ...
Learn how diet can help prevent or relieve a bladder infection or other urinary tract infection (UTI). Drinking water, six to ... Eating, Diet, & Nutrition. Can my eating, diet, and nutrition help prevent bladder infections?. Experts dont think eating, ... diet, and nutrition play a role in preventing or treating bladder infections. Although some research shows that cranberry juice ...
sorry, did this repeat?) anyway, my sister-in-law drinks 2 six packs of diet coke per day (Ive witnessed it-starts as a 6:30 ... sorry, did this repeat?) anyway, my sister-in-law drinks 2 six packs of diet coke per day (Ive witnessed it-starts as a 6:30 ... Keep up with our latest recipes, tips, techniques and where to eat! ...
... over four in 10 Britons now avoid certain ingredients in what they eat and drink, according to new research from Nielsen. ... Forty-two percent report eating a diet that excludes or limits consumption of some foods or ingredients. Antibiotics/hormones ... "Consumers need help from manufacturers and retailers when it comes to changing diets to address various concerns, particularly ... Due to dietary or health and wellness concerns, over four in 10 Britons now avoid certain ingredients in what they eat and ...
... is to blame for breaking your diet. Our sister site redbookmag.com asks psychological experts to help you target the root cause ... RELATED: 11 Diet Myths - Busted!. Youre overworked or overscheduled. "Youre most vulnerable to emotional eating when youre ... The Real Reasons Youre Cheating On Your Diet. Odds are one of these emotional triggers, not hunger, is to blame for breaking ... So next time youre having a late-night craving and find yourself overcome by the desire to eat everything in front of you, ...
... it seems Americans are giving up formal diets in favor of healthy eating and wholesome foods. ... Healthy Eating: Slow Down. Not only what you eat, but how you eat, is important when youre trying to eat healthfully and lose ... Healthy Eating vs. Dieting. So why are fewer people going on weight loss diets? One reason, some experts say, may be that they ... Dieting Is Out; Healthy Eating Is In. How giving up diets could help you succeed in weight loss. ...
Healthy eating habits can also protect the environment, according to recommendations from the Dietary Guidelines Advisory ... Diet Experts: Eat More Plants, Less Meat. Healthy eating habits can also protect the environment, according to recommendations ... human services unit sch th to get the evidence was able to eat steak and I know its its ... actually a battle we say limited ... that can suggest more people eat more plant based foods aniline inadequate ... in part because the actual content heavy toll on ...
With The Eat-Clean Diet Vegetarian Cookbook, Tosca shows that you dont need meat to Eat Clean! This collection of 150 ... delicious and doable recipes has something to satisfy all your meat-free and Eat-Clean needs. Presented in the inspiring format ... Meet the latest addition to New York Times best-selling author Tosca Renos phenomenally successful Eat-Clean Diet series. ... books.google.com/books/about/Eat_Clean_Diet_Vegetarian_Cookbook.html?id=0mr8ygAACAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareEat Clean Diet ...
... a physique which has sparked speculation about his eating habits. ... The Michael Jackson Diet: What Did MJ Eat?. * By Dan Childs ... "He ate turkey burgers, Chinese food, a lot of vegetables. He always tried to eat healthy stuff. ... He tried to stay away from ... Men Can Have Eating Disorders, Too. Whether or not Jackson himself had an eating disorder, research has shown that men, too, ... Some of those who were close to the star said that his eating habits did not point to the presence of an eating disorder -- at ...
... so eating an anti-inflammatory diet may help reduce symptoms. Learn about which foods to eliminate. ... Foods to eat. Cherries are high in inflammation-fighting flavonoids.. For people with eczema, eating certain foods can trigger ... To determine what foods may be causing the reaction, a doctor will often recommend an elimination diet. This diet involves ... "Eczema elimination diet and foods to eat." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 8 Feb. 2018. Web.. 19 Aug. 2019. ,https:// ...
There are also some factors that people can control, such as diet, smoking, and exercise. In this article, we take a look at ... Anti-inflammatory diet: What to know An anti-inflammatory diet involves eating certain foods and avoiding others. This is ... Researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have found that when mice eat a diet as rich in sugar as the ... These foods are tasty and healthful additions to the diet. Learn more about which foods to choose, how to eat more of them, and ...
What you will be eating:. *You will be on a liquid diet at first. Then you may eat soft foods for the first 4 to 8 weeks after ... Sit in a chair when you eat or drink. DO NOT eat or drink when you are lying down. Stand or sit upright for 1 hour after eating ... When you are back to a normal diet, be careful eating steak and other dense meats because they may be hard to swallow. Cut them ... Eat and drink small amounts:. *In the first 2 to 4 weeks, eat or drink no more than 1 cup (240 milliliters) at a time. It is OK ...
Diet of, Carotenoids, Central Americans and Mexicans, Diets of, etc… ... Diet The term diet refers to a persons pattern of eating and drinking. Diet is influenced by many factors, including income, ... A balanced diet contains food from several food groups and supplies the body with the energy and essential nutrients it needs ( ... SEE ALSO Eating Habits ; Dietary Reference Intakes ; Food Guide Pyramid ; Recommended Dietary Allowances . ...
And theres science behind gluten-free living-though the regime leaves precious little regular food to eat. ... I was eating really natural. I gave up wheat and dairy. I lost seven or eight pounds, not even dieting. My body was finally ... Gluten-Free Eating: The New Celebrity Diet Trend. Gwyneths used it to shed pounds, Elisabeth Hasselbeck says its invigorating ... Despite all this, or perhaps because of it, a gluten-free diet has become synonymous with enlightened eating, an intellectual ...
  • An accompanying editorial called for shifting "focus of the diet-heart paradigm away from restricted fat intake and toward reduced consumption of refined carbohydrates. (wordpress.com)
  • HealthDay ( 6/15, Edelson ) reported that "eating a Mediterranean-style diet might improve an important measure of heart function," according to a study published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. (wordpress.com)
  • The researchers "found that higher Mediterranean diet scores were related to greater variability in heart rate. (wordpress.com)
  • The reason Hyman likely advocates against eating too much white rice or bread is because these products have had their whole-grain husks or grains removed - a process called refining that cuts out most of the fiber and B vitamins in these products. (businessinsider.com)
  • If you have even a chance of becoming pregnant, fill your diet with enriched grains, beans, spinach and other greens and/or take a supplement that contains 400 micrograms of folic acid. (arkansasonline.com)
  • Hallowell also advocates eating several servings of whole grains, which are rich in fiber, each day to prevent blood sugar levels from spiking and then plummeting. (additudemag.com)
  • Make sure you include some gluten-free grains and starches in your diet, including sweet potatoes or beans,' says Jonny. (marieclaire.co.uk)
  • In a 2012 study, people who ate cherries or used cherry extracts had fewer gout attacks in the two days following cherry ingestion than during the two days following periods when they didn't ingest cherries or cherry extract. (arthritis.org)
  • Additionally, plant-based diets are typically low in the essential fatty acids DHA and EPA, though you are able to convert ALA, a plant-based omega-3 fatty acid, into DHA and EPA. (clifbar.com)
  • They conclude: "Our study suggests that plant-based diets are associated with substantially lower risk of developing obesity. (eurekalert.org)
  • Skinless poultry, such as chicken or turkey, is also lean and low in saturated fat, which makes it a good choice as part of a heart-healthy diet. (livestrong.com)
  • Most of the fat in poultry comes from the skin, which should be removed before eating. (livestrong.com)
  • While many people follow special diets to alleviate symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), there's no dietary cure-all. (healthline.com)
  • I lost seven or eight pounds, not even dieting. (thedailybeast.com)
  • And she insists she could never survive a drastic diet just to shed pounds, after seeing a childhood pal struggle with an eating disorder. (sfgate.com)
  • Followers of the diet lost up to six pounds in the first week and 50 pounds over five months, according to the authors. (reuters.com)
  • Then there's the ketogenic diet (that high-fat and ultra-low-carb way of eating), which conjures up images of bacon, burgers and butter. (eatingwell.com)
  • It'll require more brainpower and planning than the typical ketogenic diet , though, so we're going to walk you through what you can eat and then outline some common pitfalls and what to watch out for. (eatingwell.com)
  • You DO not want fat unless you're doing a Ketogenic diet. (elitedaily.com)
  • Next, I'll be reviewing what a Ketogenic diet is. (elitedaily.com)
  • Question: "Can I eat fruit on a ketogenic diet? (marksdailyapple.com)
  • You'll sometimes see keto folks draw a hard line in the sand, saying that all fruits, or sometimes specific fruits, are "not allowed" on a ketogenic diet. (marksdailyapple.com)
  • Such cells - yeast or bacteria - could be induced to live on a diet of CO 2 and renewable electricity, and thus be weaned from the large amounts of corn syrup they live on today. (newswise.com)
  • Eating slowly, choosing smaller portions, drinking plenty of water, and saving sweets for special occasions are things you can start doing today to eat healthfully. (healthline.com)
  • It's a good idea to eat two portions of fish every week, especially oily fish like mackerel, sardines or salmon, as these contain omega-3 fatty acids, which can prevent blood clots and lower blood pressure. (stroke.org.uk)
  • Diet books, low-calorie, fat-free, and sugar-free foods abound, but don't appear to be making a dent in obesity statistics. (webmd.com)
  • For most people, obesity results from eating too much and not being active enough. (faqs.org)
  • The subjects were not excluded from the study because of other lifestyle problems such as type 2 diabetes, smoking, hypertension, overweight/obesity, raised LDL-cholesterol levels or a family history of coronary heart disease (Estruch et al, 2013). (health24.com)
  • Pro-vegetarian diets (with a higher consumption of plant-based foods compared to animal-based foods) could provide substantial protection against obesity, according to new research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Porto, Portugal (17-20 May). (eurekalert.org)
  • Dr. Atkins resolved his own obesity with this diet method. (reference.com)
  • We also offer medically supervised programmes with comprehensive diet, exercise, and behavior-modification, supplemented as needed with prescription treatments. (finditireland.com)
  • Between 1980 and 2000, the percentage of overweight children ages six to eleven doubled, from 7 percent to 15 percent, and the percentage of overweight adolescents ages twelve to nineteen tripled, from 5 percent to 16 percent (Ogden, et al. (faqs.org)
  • And what really affected fertility in a negative way was the combination of poor diet, lack of physical activity and being overweight. (arkansasonline.com)
  • When you are back to a normal diet, be careful eating steak and other dense meats because they may be hard to swallow. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most deli meats, including bologna, salami and ham, and processed meats like bacon, sausage and hot dogs are high in fat and sodium and not recommended for a heart-healthy diet. (livestrong.com)
  • Poor diets are generally those that largely ignore plant-based foods and tip the scales with high-fat meats, processed potatoes and sweetened beverages. (arkansasonline.com)
  • Processed meats, full-fat cheese and manufactured cakes and biscuits all contain a lot of saturated fat, so try to limit the amount of these in your diet. (stroke.org.uk)
  • Rabbits shouldn't eat some lettuces (e.g. iceberg) as they contain lactucarium which can be harmful in large quantities . (rspca.org.uk)
  • Learn top sources for vitamins and how much you need in your diet. (webmd.com)
  • Check with your doctor if you are required to supplement your diet with any specific vitamins. (shapefit.com)
  • On the other hand, if you are constipated, drinking plenty of fluids and eating foods high in insoluble fiber, such as whole-grain breads or cereals, dried fruits, and dried beans or peas, will aid your digestive system. (rd.com)
  • 2) Black Beans - These beans are popular with the Costa Rican people and are usually eaten with a wheat or corn tortilla. (hubpages.com)
  • A study of nearly 30,000 US adults bolsters evidence that a higher quality diet helps you live longer and suggests that the quality of plant-based foods in the diet is more important than the quality of animal-based foods. (news-medical.net)
  • The dietary plan strategy that has been set up by Pilon is known as Eat Stop Eat which is exactly what the title suggests. (doughoffmanforcongress.com)
  • According to registered dietitian nutritionist Elizabeth Ward, a good body of research suggests that a woman's ability to become pregnant is influenced by what she eats. (arkansasonline.com)
  • Keep up with our latest recipes, tips, techniques and where to eat! (seriouseats.com)
  • I'd read a few blogs and recipes and came to the conclusion that like every other fad diet I'd tried, this probably wouldn't work, but was worth a go. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • Some researchers maintain that diet could be responsible for 30 to 40 percent of all cancers . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers converted the common sugar-eating (heterotrophic) E. coli bacterium (left) so that it produced all its biomass from CO2 (autotrophic), using metabolic engineering combined with lab evolution. (newswise.com)
  • A nurse or dietitian will teach you how to prepare the liquid diet for the feeding tube and how much to use. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The low-FODMAP diet focuses on five different sugar and fiber categories that tend to cause digestive upset for patients with functional gut disorders," Nancee Jaffe , MS, a registered dietitian at the UCLA Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases, told INSIDER. (businessinsider.com)
  • A quick check of diet and supplements from a registered dietitian can reduce this risk and should be part of the treatment plan. (wickedlocal.com)
  • Binge eating disorder it the most common eating disorder in America, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). (livestrong.com)
  • Men's Fitness10 tips to lose belly fat for goodAhwatukee Foothills NewsLiposuction, hundreds of sit ups, planks and crunches, core workouts, the latest infomercial gadget, fat burners, the newest celebrity diet - these all promise flatter, well-defined abs. (amazonaws.com)
  • Not only does belly fat make your figure unattractive, it also increases your risk of high blood pressure, diabetes and fatty liver disease.Many people try dieting to lose belly fat, but this is not the optimal solution. (amazonaws.com)
  • But with some planning and helpful tips, you can still enjoy eating out while limiting the sodium in your diet. (northshore.org)
  • Both versions of the DASH diet aim to reduce the amount of sodium in your diet compared with what you might get in a typical American diet, which can amount to a whopping 3,400 mg of sodium a day or more. (mayoclinic.org)