Sudden slips on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slips, or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the earth. Faults are fractures along which the blocks of EARTH crust on either side have moved relative to one another parallel to the fracture.
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
Series of ocean waves produced by geologic events or underwater LANDSLIDES. These waves can travel at speeds averaging 450 (and up to 600) miles per hour in the open ocean.
Severe systemic manifestation of trauma and ischemia involving soft tissues, principally skeletal muscle, due to prolonged severe crushing. It leads to increased permeability of the cell membrane and to the release of potassium, enzymes, and myoglobin from within cells. Ischemic renal dysfunction secondary to hypotension and diminished renal perfusion results in acute tubular necrosis and uremia.
Assistance, such as money, food, or shelter, given to the needy, aged, or victims of disaster. It is usually granted on a temporary basis. (From The American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
Temporary shelter provided in response to a major disaster or emergency.
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.
Activities devoted to freeing persons or animals from danger to life or well-being in accidents, fires, bombings, floods, earthquakes, other disasters and life-threatening conditions. While usually performed by team efforts, rescue work is not restricted to organized services.
Self-administered health questionnaire developed to obtain details of the medical history as an adjunct to the medical interview. It consists of 195 questions divided into eighteen sections; the first twelve deal with somatic complaints and the last six with mood and feeling patterns. The Index is used also as a personality inventory or in epidemiologic studies.
Nuclear power accident that occurred following the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake of March 11, 2011 in the northern region of Japan.
Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Hospital equipment and supplies, packaged for long-term storage, sufficient to set up a general hospital in an emergency situation. They are also called Packaged Disaster Hospitals and formerly Civil Defense Emergency Hospitals.
Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.
A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Facilities that convert NUCLEAR ENERGY into electrical energy.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.
Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.
Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.
A body of water located at the southeastern corner of North America. It is bordered by the states to the north of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas; by five Mexican states to the west: Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan; and by Cuba to the southeast.
The uncritical acceptance of an idea or plan of action.
Mild to severe infections of the eye and its adjacent structures (adnexa) by adult or larval protozoan or metazoan parasites.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.
Fields of science encompassing studies and research from the disciplines of PHYSICS; CHEMISTRY; BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; and MATHEMATICS; that are related to the planet EARTH. Subfields include atmospheric chemistry; CLIMATOLOGY; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; GEOGRAPHY; GEOLOGY; geophysics; METEOROLOGY; OCEANOGRAPHY; PALEONTOLOGY; mineralogy; and seismology.
The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Any of several burrowing rodents of the families MURIDAE and Bathyergidae, found in eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia. They have short limbs, small eyes with permanently closed lids, and no tail. Three genera SPALAX (Muridae), Heterocephalus (Bathyergidae) and Cryptomys (Bathyergidae) are used frequently as experimental animals in biomedical research. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed)
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
Warfare involving the use of NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
Creation and development of bodies within solar systems, includes study of early planetary geology.
Transmission of energy or mass by a medium involving movement of the medium itself. The circulatory movement that occurs in a fluid at a nonuniform temperature owing to the variation of its density and the action of gravity. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed; Webster, 10th ed)
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.

A simple interview-format screening measure for disaster mental health: an instrument newly developed after the 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake in Japan--the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health (SQD). (1/273)

Psychological intervention after a large-scale disaster requires an efficient and practical measure. Using self-reporting scale imposes certain limitations, especially when dealing with the elderly. It is also required that non-experts in mental health should be able to use the screening device, so that it can be easily incorporated into any local level post-disaster health service. To satisfy such requirements, we developed a simple interview-format measure, the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health (SQD), which screens for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. In this article, its validity and usefulness was analyzed. Data were obtained from 68 individuals living in reconstruction housing five years after the 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake. Applying the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Major Depression Section (SCID) as gold standards, the areas under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC-AUC) and stratum-specific likelihood ratios (SSLR) as statistical indices were calculated. The ROC-AUC was 0.91 (95%CI: 0.83-0.99) for diagnosing PTSD, and 0.94 (0.88-1.01) for diagnosing depression. Three strata for PTSD and 2 strata for depression were obtained, and SSLR for each stratum was 0.10 (95%CI: 0.02-0.45), 1.05 (0.37-3.00), 9.64 (3.77-24.69) for PTSD, and 0.3 (0.1-1.0), 7.8 (3.2-18.7) for depression. The results showed that this screening measure had good validity, especially for PTSD.  (+info)

Impact of local circumstances on outcome of renal casualties in major disasters. (2/273)

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Early detection of patients at high risk for acute kidney injury during disasters: development of a scoring system based on the Bam earthquake experience. (3/273)

BACKGROUND: Early prophylactic hydration therapy in patients prone to acute kidney injury (AKI) can reduce its incidence in disasters. As sufficient availability of fluids might be problematic, it is important to discriminate those at risk versus not at risk for AKI. The present study uses biochemical findings from victims of the Bam earthquake to design decision rules for early detection of patients at risk for AKI. METHODS: Data were collected in hospitals admitting Bam earthquake victims. Biochemical factors on day 1 (creatinine, CPK, LDH, SGOT, uric acid, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, white blood cell count, platelet count) were introduced into multivariate models for prediction of AKI (serum creatinine >1.6 mg/dL) at a later stage. RESULTS: A rule of thumb to assess the absence of risk for AKI was developed, using ROC analysis: if on day 1, serum creatinine was <2 mg/dL, LDH was <2,000 IU and serum uric acid was <6 mg%, the risk for development of AKI was virtually nil. Using multiple regression analysis (0.45 CPK + 2.5 LDH + 2,700 K + 2,000 uric acid - 14,000)/10,000, was most predictive for serum creatinine on day 3. Dichotomizing this value at 2.0 yielded a sensitivity and specificity for prediction of AKI of 96.6% and 95.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We propose 2 decision rules to predict development of AKI in earthquake victims. These scores can easily be calculated already at an early stage of a disaster, enabling rationalization of prophylactic hydration therapy in crushed earthquake victims.  (+info)

Prevalence of HCV and HIV infections in 2005-Earthquake-affected areas of Pakistan. (4/273)

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Spatial patterns of natural hazards mortality in the United States. (5/273)

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Risk factors of earthquake inpatient death: a case control study. (6/273)

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Psychological typhoon eye in the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. (7/273)

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Post-traumatic stress disorder in bam-survived students who immigrated to Kerman, four months after the earthquake. (8/273)

BACKGROUND: The 6.3 Richter earthquake in Bam killed 26,000 and injured 30,000 people, and destroyed 85% of houses according to the literature. Children are affected more than others by disasters. In this study, we assessed the rate of post-traumatic stress disorder and psychological problems in survived Bam students in Kerman four months after the earthquake and their relations with demographic factors, family loss, house destruction, and body injury. METHODS: A group of 433 students attended this cross sectional study. Watson post traumatic stress disorder questionnaire and Symptom Checklist-90 were applied for students older than 15 years of age and Yule post-traumatic stress disorder and Rutter (parents' version) questionnaires were used for students younger than 15. Multiple regression analysis was used to assess the effects of variables on psychopathologies. RESULTS: Post-traumatic stress disorder was detected in 36.3% of the students older than 15 years of age and 51.6% of the students younger than 15. Behavioral problems were present in 31.3% of the children and the mean score of Global Symptom Index was 1.13+/-0.59. Body injury and living with family were correlated with post-traumatic stress disorder and Symptom Checklist-90 items in students older than 15. Female sex was correlated with post-traumatic stress disorder and behavioral problems in students younger than 15. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of post-disaster post-traumatic stress disorder was high in children. Younger age, female gender, living apart from family, geographic living conditions, being in the center of stress or not after the earthquake, body injury, and loss of family members form the basis for developing post-disaster psychopathology. Due to incomplete presence of post-traumatic stress disorder criteria or high rate of overlooking post-traumatic stress disorder in children, the disorder may be misdiagnosed or remain undiagnosed in them, which warrants more consideration.  (+info)

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Background The Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 activated large tsunami waves, which flooded broad regions of property along the Pacific coast of eastern Japan and transformed the soil environment drastically. as the current presence of pathogenic and marine-living genes and genera linked to salt-tolerance. Conclusions Collectively, todays outcomes would offer an exemplory case of microbial features 14461-91-7 IC50 of dirt disturbed from the tsunami, which might give an understanding into microbial version to extreme environmental adjustments. Further analyses on microbial ecology after a tsunami are envisioned to build up a deeper knowledge 14461-91-7 IC50 of the recovery procedures of terrestrial microbial ecosystems. Electronic supplementary materials The 14461-91-7 IC50 online edition of this content (doi:10.1186/s12864-016-2380-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. strains isolated from the tsunami-affected soil sample revealed that ...
Like most earthquakes, the recent earthquake is expected to be followed by numerous aftershocks. Aftershocks are most common immediately after the mainshock; their average number per day decreases rapidly as time passes.. Aftershocks are most likely to be felt in the first few days after the mainshock, but may be felt weeks, months, or even years afterwards. In general, the larger the mainshock, the longer its aftershocks will be felt.. Aftershocks tend to occur near the mainshock, but the exact geographic pattern of the aftershocks varies from earthquake to earthquake and is not predictable. The larger the mainshock, the larger the area of aftershocks. While there is no hard cutoff distance beyond which an earthquake is totally incapable of triggering an aftershock, the vast majority of aftershocks are located close to the mainshock.. As time goes on, the aftershocks will subside. As they do, we will revise the table below to reflect the diminishing chances of large aftershocks.. ...
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A kind of earthquake disaster damage degree appraisal procedure based on unmanned plane, hovered using unmanned plane in earthquake disaster area overhead and IMAQ, house is directed to respectively, road, bridge, dykes and dams, massif, river course and the quasi-representative atural object of vegetation seven, the circle that disaster area interesting image regions are carried out according to man-machine interactively formula method selects, and selectively calculate the gray level co-occurrence matrixes textural characteristics of selected areas, Tamura textural characteristics, Gabor wavelet textural characteristics and straight line and circle feature, the final assessment that earthquake disaster atural object damage degree is carried out using support vector machine classifier.This method is more suitable for carrying out information and the assessment of early stage in earthquake and the secondary disaster generation area as caused by earthquake.
Latest Earthquakes in the world. World earthquake list. Earthquake information. earthquakes today - recent and latest earthquakes, earthquake map and earthquake information. Earthquake information for europe. EMSC (European Mediterranean Seismological Centre) provides real time earthquake information for seismic events with magnitude larger than 5 in the European Mediterranean area and larger than 7 in the rest of the world.
Alteration of neuroendocrine systems has been demonstrated to be involved in the pathology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Three months after an earthquake in Northern China, cortisol, growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) levels were assessed in 34 earthquake survivors with PTSD (according to DSM-IV criteria), 30 earthquake survivors with subclinical PTSD and 34 normal controls. Only earthquake survivors diagnosed with PTSD had significantly higher serum GH levels. Also, we found that earthquake survivors (either with PTSD or subclinical PTSD) had significantly higher serum cortisol levels. We concluded that PTSD might be associated with an increased level of serum GH and traumatic survivors might be associated with a higher level of serum cortisol. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. ...
Latest Earthquakes in europe. Europe earthquake list. Earthquake information. earthquakes today - recent and latest earthquakes, earthquake map and earthquake information. Earthquake information for europe. EMSC (European Mediterranean Seismological Centre) provides real time earthquake information for seismic events with magnitude larger than 5 in the European Mediterranean area and larger than 7 in the rest of the world.
CRD and IBC Sponsor Shake Zone Tour for Earthquake Awareness. Victoria, BC- The Capital Regional District (CRD) is teaming up with the Insurance Bureau of Canada (IBC) to help ensure British Columbians are prepared, both physically and financially, for an earthquake. In an effort to help increase public awareness of our local earthquake risk, the Local Government Emergency Program Advisory Commission (LGEPAC) has partnered with Insurance Bureau of Canada (IBC) and Health Emergency Management BC to bring the Shake Zone Earthquake Simulator to the Region. This portable earthquake simulator, operated by Quake Cottage, allows people to safely experience a significant 8.0 magnitude earthquake.. IBC is pleased to have the opportunity to join with the communities that make up the CRD for the Shake Zone tour. Preparing Canadians for an earthquake is a priority for Canadas insurance industry, said Bill Adams, Vice-President, Western & Pacific, IBC. More than 3,000 earthquakes occur in BC every year ...
Showing at 3331 Arts Chiyoda. One year on from the earthquake we take this opportunity to reflect upon the support efforts, examining...
Functional disability is a significant problem after natural disasters. Musculoskeletal pain is reported to increase after disasters, which can cause functional disability among survivors. However, the effects of musculoskeletal pain on functional decline after natural disasters are unclear. The present study aimed to examine the association between musculoskeletal pain and new-onset poor physical function among elderly survivors after the Great East Japan Earthquake. A longitudinal study was conducted on survivors aged ≥65 years at three and 4 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. A total of 747 persons were included in this study. Physical function was assessed using the Kihon Checklist. New-onset poor physical function was defined as low physical function not present at 3 years but present at 4 years after the disaster. Knee, hand or foot, low back, shoulder, and neck pain was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire and was defined as musculoskeletal pain. Musculoskeletal pain at 3
As youre all aware, on March 11 we marked the two-year anniversary of The Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. We deeply regret the terrible loss of so many noble lives. Furthermore, we express our sympathy for the many who suffered through the disaster, and even now continue to face severe living conditions. The University of Tokyo is doing what it can as an academic organization to contribute to the reconstruction of the disaster zone as well as the support of those hit by the earthquake. Our institute also is conducting a support project for scientists who suffered from the Great East Japan Earthquake by accepting joint research with them. No matter how little, through biomedical research, teaching and medical care, we too are participating continuously in this recovery; united as an institute, we plan to continue contributing both directly and indirectly. Confronted with this sort of historical national ordeal, these times demand that the Japanese people, one-by-one, come up with ...
The surprisingly large Mw9.0 Tohoku earthquake ruptured the interface of the subducting Pacific Plate over an approximately 400-km-long and 200-km-wide area and produced a devastating tsunami, on March 11th, 2011. Land GPS stations have recorded up to more than one meter postseismic displacements in two years since the earthquake (Figure 1). Viscoelastic relaxation in the upper mantle of the shear stresses induced by the earthquake and aseismic afterslip of the megathrust both contribute to the very rapid crustal deformation observed since the earthquake. In this research, we integrate the wealth of geodetic data from NE Japan and modeling experiences developed at other margins to investigate the effects of mantle rheology on ollowing the 2011 earthquake. ...
The Mw = 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake of May 12, 2008, caused destruction over a wide area. The earthquake cost more than 69,000 lives and the damage is reported to have left more than 5 million people hom
The 1854 Nankai earthquake occurred at about 16:00 local time on 24 December. It had a magnitude of 8.4 and caused a damaging tsunami. More than 30,000 buildings were completely destroyed and there were at least 3,000 casualties. It was the second of the three Ansei great earthquakes; the 1854 Tōkai earthquake of similar size had hit the area the previous morning. The southern coast of Honshu runs parallel to the Nankai Trough, which marks the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate. Movement on this convergent plate boundary leads to many earthquakes, some of them of megathrust type. The Nankai megathrust has five distinct segments (A-E) that can rupture independently, the segments have ruptured either singly or together repeatedly over the last 1300 years. Megathrust earthquakes on this structure tend to occur in pairs, with a relatively short time gap between them. In addition to the two events in 1854, there were similar earthquakes in 1944 and 1946. In each case ...
Japans recent magnitude 9.0 earthquake, which triggered a devastating tsunami, relieved stress along part of the quake fault but also has contributed to the buildup of stress in other areas, putting some of the country at risk for up to years of sizeable aftershocks and perhaps new main shocks, scientists say.. After studying data from Japans extensive seismic network, researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Kyoto University and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have identified several areas at risk from the quake, Japans largest ever, which already has triggered a large number of aftershocks.. Data from the magnitude 9.0 Tohoku earthquake on March 11 has brought scientists a small but perceptible step closer to a better assessment of future seismic risk in specific regions, said Shinji Toda of Kyoto University, a lead author of the study. Even though we cannot forecast precisely, we can explain the mechanisms involved in such quakes to the public, he said. Still, ...
By simulating earthquakes in a lab, engineers at Caltech have documented the evolution of friction during an earthquake-measuring what could once only be inferred, and shedding light on one of the biggest unknowns in earthquake modeling.. Before an earthquake, static friction helps hold the two sides of a fault immobile and pressed against each other. During the passage of an earthquake rupture, that friction becomes dynamic as the two sides of the fault grind past one another. Dynamic friction evolves throughout an earthquake, affecting how much and how fast the ground will shake and thus, most importantly, the destructiveness of the earthquake.. Friction plays a key role in how ruptures unzip faults in the earths crust, says Vito Rubino, research scientist at Caltechs Division of Engineering and Applied Science (EAS). Assumptions about dynamic friction affect a wide range of earthquake science predictions, including how fast ruptures will occur, the nature of ground shaking, and residual ...
A broad spectrum of topics from earthquake physics to earthquake damage mitigation strategies are offered with the purpose of establishing a graduate program to those who need to specialise in earthquakes and earthquake risk mitigation due to their professional employment (in insurance sector, disaster affair departments, engineers and architects in municipalities, earthquake rescue teams, etc.) and thus to increase the number of educated and trained people in earthquake risk mitigation in related sectors.. The program requires three semesters to complete a minimum of 35 credits of course work with a minimum of 12 courses and a graduate project. It is required to take a minimum of 14 credit from the required courses and a minimum of 6 elective courses. A maximum of 3 courses may be selected from the undergraduate programs if the student did not take these courses during his or her undergraduate education.. The students who have successfully completed the requirements of the Earthquake Risk ...
The undergraduate studies in earthquake information technology (USEIT) probabilistic forecasting team at the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) worked closely with the High Performance Computing (HPC) team to calibrate parameters within the Rate State earthQuake Simulator (RSQSim), a physics-based multi-cycle earthquake simulator. The parameters varied included normal stress, earthquake slip rate, and rate- and state-friction coefficients. Java code was written to analyze a battery of catalogs generated from distinct variations of these parameters to calculate rates of earthquakes of specified magnitudes and regions. These rates were then compared to those of the statistics-based Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast version 3 (UCERF3) in order to find the catalog (and set of parameters) most closely resembling the best understanding of seismic activity in California. The team then established a probabilistic framework for analyzing larger catalogs being generated with the ...
Earthquakes induced by subsurface industrial activities are a globally emotive issue, with a growing catalog of induced earthquake sequences. However, attempts at discriminating between natural and induced causes, particularly for anomalously shallow seismicity, can be challenging. An earthquake swarm during 2018-2019 in southeast England with a maximum magnitude of ML 3.2 received great public and media attention because of its proximity to operating oilfields. It is therefore vital and timely to provide a detailed characterization of the earthquake sequence at present, and to decide based on current evidence, whether the earthquakes were likely natural or induced. We detected 168 low-magnitude earthquakes and computed detailed source parameters of these events. Most earthquakes occurred at a shallow depth of 2.3 km, ,1 km deeper than the geological formations targeted by the oilfields, and laterally ,3 km away from the drill sites. We combine the east-west-trending cluster of the seismicity ...
Circumstantial and physical evidence indicates that the 1997 MW 4.9 earthquake in southern Alabama may have been related to hydrocarbon recovery. Epicenters of this earthquake and its aftershocks were located within a few kilometers of active oil and gas extraction wells and two pressurized injection wells. Main shock and aftershock focal depths (2-6 km) are within a few kilometers of the injection and withdrawal depths. Strain accumulation at geologic rates sufficient to cause rupture at these shallow focal depths is not likely. A paucity of prior seismicity is difficult to reconcile with the occurrence of an earthquake of MW 4.9 and a magnitude-frequency relationship usually assumed for natural earthquakes. The normal-fault main-shock mechanism is consistent with reactivation of preexisting faults in the regional tectonic stress field. If the earthquake were purely tectonic, however, the question arises as to why it occurred on only the small fraction of a large, regional...
The study was carried out to understand the risks posed by earthquakes in Karonga based on roles and perception of stakeholders. Information was collected from several stakeholders who were found responding to earthquakes impacts in Karonga Town. The study found that several stakeholders, governmental and non-governmental department and organisation operate in Karonga District to respond to hazards and disasters that occur in the district however most of these stakeholders concentrate their activities in rural areas than the town despite having the town experiencing greater impacts from earthquake hazards. The study also found that people of Karonga are aware of earthquakes and how they can avoid their  impacts however their economic status fail them from developing infrastructure that can help them to avoid or recover quickly from the impacts of earthquake disasters. It is therefore concluded that the people of Karonga town are vulnerable to earthquake hazards due to limited capacity to develop
Local redistribution of active zones as the precursor of large earthquakes in Lesser Antillean arc. P. N. Shebalin, I. M. Rotwain, and V. I. Keilis-Borok. N. Girardin, and J. Dubois. Abstract. We continue to study the phenomenon of short-term activation of locally less active seismic zones on the background of relative quiescence in locally more active zones. This phenomenon is observed in the epicentral area of a large earthquake for several months prior to its occurrence. A prediction algorithm based on this pattern was introduced previously and tested retrospectively using data from southern California and the Lesser Antilles. This algorithm identified areas of approximate size 100 km $\times$ 100 km in which the probability for occurrence of large earthquakes was increased for one-year periods. We propose a modification of this algorithm that offers a possibility to increase the number of large earthquakes through expanding the study territory. The retrospective prediction in the Lesser ...
Introduction. Turkey Earthquake, Izmit It is possible to suggest that a major earthquake is one of the most sudden, unpredictable and certainly terrifying events on earth. Earthquakes evidently shatter our assumption that we live on solid ground, and are lethal because they happen without warning. When looking in particular at the Izmit Earthquake in Turkey in 1999 and observing the causes, the material damage, the effects and the human costs, one may suggest that it is little wonder that such disasters have been recorded for centuries. The Causes A major earthquake is one of the most sudden, unpredictable and terrifying events on earth. Earthquakes are lethal because they happen without warning and while long term forecasts can be made, accurate short terms predictions are extremely difficult. ...read more. Middle. (The Courier Mail, August 1999, Pg 4) The Effects People and man-made structures are the most vulnerable to earth-quakes whereas wide open spaces are much less vulnerable. The ...
Newman and Bilek analyzed the distribution of aftershocks that occurred in the two weeks following the July 17 event. Most of them occurred at shallow depths and close to the trench - the area where the Australian and Sunda plates collided. The nature of these aftershocks was a dead giveaway that this event was a classic tsunami earthquake, Newman explained. Only tsunami earthquakes rupture in the shallowest portion of the trench - only a few kilometers below the sea floor. The July 2006 tsunami earthquake was the second such event to occur on the Java trench in the past 40 years; the previous one happened in 1994. There may be something going on in this particular trench - some regional characteristic - that is increasing the potential for tsunami earthquakes in this area, Newman noted. His previous study of global data from 1970 to 2000 showed no indication of any seismic characteristics that made tsunami earthquakes occur more frequently in certain regions, but the Java event has ...
The devastating tsunami triggered by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 inundated the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) resulting in a loss of cooling and a series of explosions releasing the largest quantity of radioactive material into the atmosphere since the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Although 80% of the radionuclides from this accidental release were transported over the Pacific Ocean, 20% were deposited over Japanese coastal catchments that are subject to frequent typhoons. Among the radioisotopes released during the FDNPP accident, radiocesium (134Cs and137Cs) is considered the most serious current and future health risk for the local population. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Moment tensor and rupture model for the 1949 Olympia, Washington, earthquake and scaling relations for Cascadia and global intraslab earthquakes. AU - Ichinose, Gene A.. AU - Thio, Hong Kie. AU - Somerville, Paul G.. PY - 2006/6. Y1 - 2006/6. N2 - We reanalyzed the 13 April 1949 Olympia, Washington, earthquake by using digitized records and first-motion polarities from long-period seismograms. The moment-tensor mechanism is normal faulting with a down-dip-trending T axis similar in style to other Cascadia intraslab earthquakes. The total seismic moment is 1.3 × 1026 dyne cm (Mw 6.7) and the hypocenter depth is 60 km. Additional inverse modeling for the kinematic rupture process assuming the steeply east-dipping fault plane from the moment tensor resulted in a slightly higher total moment of 1.9 × 1026 dyne cm (Mw 6.8). The earthquake ruptured to the south with at least two subevents. The combined area of asperities and seismic moment for the 1949 earthquake was compiled with ...
Apr 18, 2011 11 Comments. Ive recently created new illustration, Japan Earthquake 11-03-2011, that was inspired by the recent disaster in Japan. With this illustration Ive joined force with To Japan with Love, a group of artists who are aiming at raising funds for Japan earthquake relief efforts. My illustration will be showcased at the art show (May 4th, 2011 at 156 Augusta Ave, Toronto, Ontario) along with the other other artists works. A limited of art prints will be available for sale. All proceeds made during the gallery show will be donated to Red Cross. Visit tojapanwithlove.ca and this Facebook event for more details. Also, my illustration is available for sale in various print media at Society6. You may download this illustration as desktop wallpapers.. ...
We present a new method for estimating earthquake detection probabilities that avoids assumptions about earthquake occurrence and uses only empirical data: phase data, station information, and network specific attenuation relations. First, we determine the detection probability for each station as a function of magnitude and epicentral distance, using data from past earthquakes. Second, we combine the detection probabilities of stations using a basic combinatoric procedure to determine the probability that a hypothetical earthquake with a given size and location could escape detection. Finally, we synthesize detection probability maps for earthquakes of particular magnitudes and probability-based completeness maps. Because the method relies only on detection probabilities of stations, it can also be used to evaluate hypothetical additions or deletions of stations as well as scenario computations of network crises. The new approach has several advantages: completeness is analyzed as a function of ...
This article examines a report in the 27th chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament that an earthquake was felt in Jerusalem on the day of the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth. We have tabulated a varved chronology from a core from Ein Gedi on the western shore of the Dead Sea between deformed sediments due to a widespread earthquake in 31 BC and deformed sediments due to an early first-century earthquake. The early first-century seismic event has been tentatively assigned a date of 31 AD with an accuracy of ±5 years. Plausible candidates include the earthquake reported in the Gospel of Matthew, an earthquake that occurred sometime before or after the crucifixion and was in effect borrowed by the author of the Gospel of Matthew, and a local earthquake between 26 and 36 AD that was sufficiently energetic to deform the sediments at Ein Gedi but not energetic enough to produce a still extant and extra-biblical historical record. If the last possibility is true, this would mean that ...
Carbon Capture and Storage Can Cause Earthquakes, Making It A Risky And Likely Unsuccessful Strategy - New research suggests that carbon capture and storage (CCS) may be a far more limited climate solution than previously thought because it can induce earthquakes, which can cause CO2 leakage. Weve known for a long time that underground injection of massive quantities of liquids or high-pressure gases can induce earthquakes. Indeed, recent research finds that fracking wastewater reinjection has caused a rise in small to mid-sized earthquakes in the United States. As Stanford researchers made clear in 2012: We argue here that there is a high probability that earthquakes will be triggered by injection of large volumes of CO2 into the brittle rocks commonly found in continental interiors. Because even small- to moderate-sized earthquakes threaten the seal integrity of CO2 repositories, in this context, large-scale CCS is a risky, and likely unsuccessful, strategy for significantly reducing ...
The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population.[251][252][253][254][255][256] Research following the Christchurch earthquakes has shown that increasing exposure to the damage and trauma of a natural disaster is correlated with an increase in depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).[251][253][254][255] Those with the most exposure suffer the most from mental health deficits, compared with those that are relatively unaffected.[251][253][254][255] Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication.[251][252] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. There is evidence that suggests that the mental health effects of natural disasters can be debilitating and detrimental to the community affected.[251][252][253][254][255][256][257]. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes ...
We investigate seismicity rate changes in Southern Sumatra using the standard Beta-statistic approach (e.g. Reasenburg & Simpson, 1992). Beta will be positive when the postseismic rate is higher than the background seismicity rate, and negative when it is lower. Our earthquake catalog consists of the preferred events from IRIS SeismiQuery (http://www.iris.washington.edu/SeismiQuery/sq-events.htm). The magnitude of completeness for this catalog, which starts in 1980, is 4.7. In order to reduce the effect of aftershocks, we use ZMAP (Wiemer, 2001) to decluster our catalog. The number of annual earthquakes increased greatly for the time period following the 2000 earthquake and before the 2004 earthquake. When calculating an average value of beta for the 2007 high-slip region, approximated by longitude 99° - 102.5° and latitude 1° - 5° S, the largest two spikes in beta occur after the 2000 and 2005 earthquakes (Figure 1). Figure 2 shows beta calculated for 1 year time intervals and spatially ...
In short-term earthquake risk forecasting, the avoidance of false alarms is of utmost importance to preclude the possibility of unnecessary panic among populations in seismic hazard areas. Unusual animal behaviour prior to earthquakes has been reported for millennia but has rarely been scientifically documented. Recently large migrations or unusual behaviour of amphibians have been linked to large earthquakes, and media reports of large frog and toad migrations in areas of high seismic risk such as Greece and China have led to fears of a subsequent large earthquake. However, at certain times of year large migrations are part of the normal behavioural repertoire of amphibians. News reports of
Historical documents indicate that great earthquakes ruptured at least a 500-kilometer-long segment of the plate boundary near the Alaska Peninsula in 1788 and 1847. At least half of a major seismic gap in the Shumagin Islands ruptured during those shocks but has not experienced a great earthquake for at least 77 years. Large shocks along this and other plate boundaries occur in bursts followed by several decades during which there is very little energy release.
Update 10:49 UTC : The first reports we are getting from Tangliao City report no serious damage but only cracks in some walls BUT Tangliao City is not relevant as main damage potential area as this city is approx. 70 km from the epicenter. Earthquake-Report.com has called an area of 15 to 30 km radius which will have the most shaking risk.. Update 10:33 UTC : It would really surprise us if this earthquake would be harmless. We expect that the max. shaking in a radius of 15 km around the epicenter will be MMI V to MMVI (moderate to strong shaking). Older non earthquake resistant houses maybe suffering from todays earthquake.. Update 10:17 UTC : Chinese authorities have send 12 rescue and assessment teams to the epicenter area.. Update 10:05 UTC : We have to report a similar Magnitude earthquake which happened in 2003 with grim records. 4 people killed, 1000 injured and 7900 houses destroyed. These are the international data for a quake with an epicenter in this location. The epicenter is luckily ...
A future network of satellites orbiting the earth may be able to detect an impending earthquake by monitoring our planets ionosphere.. The project is based on a controversial theory that may have gained support in light of new findings relating to last months Sichuan province earthquake. The researchers hope to create a global network of roughly 20 satellites that would scan for telltale activity that some scientists say precedes large earthquakes. The goal is to create an early warning system that would give up to two weeks notice before a major earthquake occurs.. Current detection systems can give a maximum of one minutes notice and are prone to false alarms. Right now were in the business of disaster monitoring, says Dr Stuart Eves, a researcher at Surrey Satellite Technology Limited, the company behind the proposed satellite network. We hope to be in the business of disaster avoidance, says Eves. The proposed dishwasher-sized satellites could be deployed in two years time, and ...
A future network of satellites orbiting the earth may be able to detect an impending earthquake by monitoring our planets ionosphere.. The project is based on a controversial theory that may have gained support in light of new findings relating to last months Sichuan province earthquake. The researchers hope to create a global network of roughly 20 satellites that would scan for telltale activity that some scientists say precedes large earthquakes. The goal is to create an early warning system that would give up to two weeks notice before a major earthquake occurs.. Current detection systems can give a maximum of one minutes notice and are prone to false alarms. Right now were in the business of disaster monitoring, says Dr Stuart Eves, a researcher at Surrey Satellite Technology Limited, the company behind the proposed satellite network. We hope to be in the business of disaster avoidance, says Eves. The proposed dishwasher-sized satellites could be deployed in two years time, and ...
This study conducts coupled simulation of strong motion and tsunami using stochastically generated earthquake source models. It is focused upon the 2011 Tohoku, Japan earthquake. The ground motion...
Despite numerous warnings, only 12 percent of Californians own earthquake insurance, down from 30 percent in 1996 - when the state was still recovering from the devastating 1994 Northridge earthquake, which at an estimated $20 billion in property damage was the most-costly quake in U.S. history.. Homeowners and business owners have limited or no protection provided by their existing insurance coverage for damages resulting from earthquakes. Some damages caused by specific conditions subsequent to the shaking and cracking - such as fire due to broken gas lines or water damage due to burst water pipes - may be covered by home and business insurance policies, according to the Insurance Information Institute. However, property owners should be aware that property insurance does not cover the damage or destruction of buildings or personal property caused by the shaking and cracking of an earthquake.. It is specialized earthquake insurance that provides financial protection for property owners at risk ...
The earthquake that struck Japan last week launched tsunamis, wrecked nuclear reactors, and killed thousands in one of the greatest disasters in Japanese history. The effects have been devastating, but the science of the quake is simple.
A number that characterizes the relative size of an earthquake. Magnitude is based on measurement of the maximum motion recorded by a seismograph(sometimes for earthquake waves of a particular frequency), corrected for attenuation to a standardized distance. Several scales have been defined, but the most commonly used are (1) local magnitude (ML), commonly referred to as œRichter magnitude, (2) surface-wave magnitude (Ms), (3) body-wave magnitude (Mb), and (4) moment magnitude (Mw). ML, Ms and Mb have limited range and applicability and do not satisfactorily measure the size of the largest earthquakes. The moment magnitude (Mw) scale, based on the concept of seismic moment, is uniformly applicable to all sizes of earthquakes but is more difficult to compute than the other types. In principal, all magnitude scales could be cross calibrated to yield the same value for any given earthquake, but this expectation has proven to be only approximately true, thus the need to specify the magnitude type ...
usgs earthquake map united states - 28 images - usgs increases earthquake risk for western colorado, feals u s fault lines graphic earthquake hazard map, information by region oklahoma, the usgs earthquake hazards program in nehrp investing in, monitoring earthquake shaking in buildings to reduce loss
After private Property and Casualty reinsurance companies got whacked on Friday on broad yet unquantified concerns about imminent losses, it is time for a deeper dive into the structure of how prepared Japan is to handle what are sure to be tens of billions in earthquake insurance claims. Using information from the Non-Life Insurance Rating Organization of Japan, we find that there is a clean distinction between the liabilities borne out by the private P&C sector and where reinsurance companies step in to fund losses on residential earthquake losses. A more nuanced breakdown comes from JPMorgans Siddharth Parameswaran: In Japan there is coverage provided for earthquake, through two distinct forms: 1) Coverage for losses of residences (governed by Earthquake Insurance Law, It is covered by the domestic insurance industry and the Japanese Earthquake Reinsurance (JER) Commission); and 2) Coverage for commercial losses internally insured and externally reinsured without involvement of the government.
The earth in action; geography of earthquakes and volcanoes and catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism, volcanic rocks, and volcanic and geologic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the earths atmosphere and oceans; the relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the earth; and volcanism and geothermal energy, man-made earthquakes, and earthquake prediction and control. ...
DEE FINNEYS BLOG. START DATE JULY 20, 2011. TODAYS DATE APRIL 11, 2012. updated September 4, 2012 PAGE 197. TOPIC: EARTHQUAKES: INDONEIA 8.6 AND 8.2. Indonesia quake a record, risks for Aceh grow. Reuters) - The powerful undersea earthquake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra this week was a once in 2,000 years event, and although it resulted in only a few deaths, it increases the risks of a killer quake in the region, a leading seismologist said.. Wednesdays 8.6 magnitude quake and a powerful aftershock were strike-slip quakes and the largest of that type recorded, Kerry Sieh, director of the Earth Observatory of Singapore, told Reuters.. Its a really an exceptionally large and rare event, he said.. Besides it being the biggest strike-slip earthquake ever recorded, the aftershock is the second biggest as far as we can tell, said Sieh, who has studied the seismically active, and deadly, fault zones around Sumatra for years.. Strike-slip quakes involve the horizontal movement of ...
Two years after Japan earthquake, tsunami - A police officer searches for remains in a wrecked vehicle at a beach in Namie, Japan, near the stricken Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant, on Monday, March 11, the second anniversary of the tsunami. Two years ago, a magnitude-9.0 earthquake unleashed a wall of water that killed nearly 16,000 people in northeast Japan and sparked the worlds worst nuclear crisis in 25 years. ...
ISLAMABAD - A major 7.4-magnitude earthquake hit southwest Pakistan on Wednesday, the US Geological Survey said.. The quake struck at around 1:20 am local time (2023 Tuesday GMT) at a depth of 10 kilometres (six miles) with its epicentre around 50 kilometres west of the town of Dalbandin, close to the border with Afghanistan.. The epicentre was around 300 kilometres (200 miles) east of the Iranian city of Zahedan, USGS said.. Pakistani-administered Kashmir, in the countrys northeast, was hit by a major earthquake in 2005.. ...
On the outskirts of Tokyo, at a former U.S. Air Force base, a back-up capital has been set up as a command center in the event of a major earthquake. The rooms are sparsely furnished and contain computers and wall-mounted viewing screens. The basement is filled with food and a large kerosene generator. There is a well for water. After the Kobe earthquake many people could not be rescued from the debris because of a lack of tools. As a result, some places have placed easily-acessible tools such a saws, crowbars, and axes in warehouses in schools and parks and have set up a system for service stations to lend their tools. But as the Kobe earthquake showed: no matter how much preparation is made it still often isnt enough. If a major earthquake occurs in Tokyo on a work day one of the biggest logical problem will be what to do with all the stranded commuters and other people too far from their homes to return by foot in the event the train system is crippled. Virtually all schools and factories ...
Seismologists are often asked the question, Can large earthquakes trigger volcanic eruptions? The short answer is yes, earthquakes and volcanic processes are closely linked, as suggested by the existence of the ring of fire of active volcanoes and earthquakes circling the Pacific Ocean.. A volcanic eruption occurs when the force of the magma plumbing system exceeds the force holding the rock together between the magma chamber and the surface. For earthquakes that are relatively close to an active volcano, the displacement of the earthquake itself can change the stresses around the magma chamber, possibly bringing the volcano closer to an eruption. Depending on the type of earthquake and the geometry of the fault, different areas around the earthquake source area may be subject to increased compression or relaxation. A nearby magma chamber that experiences relaxation of the crust above the chamber as a result of a large nearby earthquake would be more likely to erupt because less force would ...
Landslides and rock avalanches triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake produced 257 landslide dams, mainly situated along the eastern boundary of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau where rivers descend approximately 3,000 m into the Sichuan Basin. The largest of these dams blocked the Tongkou River (a tributary of the Fujiang River) at Tangjiashan. The blockage, consisting of 2. 04 ?? 10 7 m 3 of landslide debris, impounded a lake with a projected maximum volume of 3. 15 ?? 10 8 m 3, potentially inundating 8. 92 km 2 of terrain. Its creation during the rainy season and the possibility of an uncontrolled release posed a serious, impending threat to at least 1. 3 million people downstream that could add substantially to the total of 69,200 individuals directly killed by the earthquake. Risk assessment of the blockage indicated that it was unlikely to collapse suddenly, and that...
|p|Updated: May 6, 2009|/p||p|On the afternoon of May 12, 2008, a 7.9-magnitude earthquake hit Sichuan Province, a mountainous region in Western China, killing about 70,000 people and leaving over 18,000 missing. Over 15 million people lived in the affected area, including almost 4 million in the city of Chengdu.|/p||p|Since the Tangshan earthquake in 1976, which killed over 240,000 people, China has required that new structures withstand major quakes. But the collapse of schools, hospitals and factories in several different areas around Sichuan has raised questions about how rigorously such codes have been enforced during Chinas recent, epic building boom.|/p||p|In June 2008, low-lying areas in one of the towns most devastated by the earthquake were flooded as a torrent of water was released from a dangerous lake formed by landslides, dislodging wrecked homes, cars and corpses.|/p||p|The surge of floodwater into the town, Beichuan, was part of an effort by engineers and soldiers to drain Tangjiashan,
Distribution of the aftershocks magnitude 4+ since the main quake (as of April 9, 2018). The size and colour (small to large, yellow to red) indicate aftershock magnitude and D+ the number of days after main shock. The white shaded ellipse represents the area of greatest slip during the main shock. Green diamonds represent the main gas fields. USGS/Gilles Brocard, Author providedIt is this tectonic activity that determines the delicate interplay of economic benefits from raw materials, and the often-devastating and usually-unpredictable effects of natural disasters on society.. Although the February earthquake occurred at the very heart of one of the largest and newest gas fields in the country, the industrial installations, at the highest international standards, have not suffered major damage from the tremors.. But the ongoing disaster triggered a temporary halt in gas extraction, as the facilities require inspections and repairs. Unfortunately, and unusually, the earthquakes have struck in ...
YELLOWSTONE - The U.S. Geological Survey reported a 3.0-magnitude earthquake occurred at 5 p.m., Monday, May 18th near the Old Faithful Geyser in Yellowstone National Park (click here for USGS summary). Several people reported feeling this seismic event. While earthquakes are common in Yellowstone these events have also occurred in other areas of the state.. In 2014, the Wyoming State Geological Survey reported 49 earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 2.5 occurred in Wyoming. Twenty of those had magnitudes greater than 3.0, with 17 of these events recorded in Yellowstone. The largest earthquake in 2014 was 4.8 in magnitude near Norris Geyser Basin in the park. ...
As well known the influence on Earth is not determined by the solar radiation parameters but is determined by parameters of absorbed radiation. Therefore the correlation mechanism of solar activity and seismic activity has not been fully defined. First-ever, on the bursts of solar activity, reacts ionosphere. The results of the study [19] show some unusual perturbations observed in 1-25 days before and 2-3 days after the main shock of every earthquake indicating a clear seismo-ionospheric link and may be used as earthquake precursors. Such subionospheric plasma irregularities have been observed by satellites prior to seismic activity electric and magnetic field perturbations in the upper ionosphere [20]. The final results showed that the ionospheric vertical total electron content around the epicenter of earthquake in China (May 12, 2008), increased obviously 9 days before the earthquake, decreased significantly 6 days before the earthquake and increased strikingly 3 days before the earthquake. ...
On the 21st of November 2004 the islands of Dominica & Guadeloupe were struck by an Earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale and an aftershock of 4.8. Since then the north of the island has been racked by numerous tremors seemingly associated with the initial event.. In the north of the island was hardest hit. The 150 year old Catholic church which dominated the skyline of the town of Portsmouth was demolished by the quake. Several other buildings suffered structural damage throughout the north of the island.. Schools and other structures including the Portsmouth Hospital have been abandoned pending inspections to determine the structural integrity of those buildings. This website was created in the aftermath of these events in an effort to inform the many Dominicans on Dominica and overseas of the impact of these Earthquakes on our country.. Please view the photo album on this site in for pictures of the aftermath 21/11/04.. A daily record of all earthquakes is kept at this site. ...
The Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred on March 11, 2011, and subsequently occurring Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident caused tremendously serious damage and left a long-lasting emotional scar on the Japanese people. In particular, the power plant accident thrust upon us the fundamental question Who owns the information? The people were confused at that time since many evacuees were exposed to needless radiation because the government did not disclose information immediately after the accident or since various specialists spoke about the radiation exposure from different positions. Even now, one cannot say that the government or Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) has fulfilled their accountability to the Japanese people regarding the cause of the accident. Now about four years have passed since the accident. We still have 230 thousand or more evacuees (as of December 2014) and a polluted water problem. However, the accident has started to fade from many peoples memory. ...
A subterranean ice wall surrounding the nuclear reactors at the stricken Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant to block groundwater from flowing in and out of the plant buildings has approached completion. Initially, the ice wall was lauded as a trump card in controlling radioactively contaminated water at the plant in Fukushima Prefecture, which was crippled by meltdowns in the wake of the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami. But while 34.5 billion yen from government coffers has already been invested in the wall, doubts remain about its effectiveness. Meanwhile, the issue of water contamination looms over decommissioning work. In a news conference at the end of July, Naohiro Masuda, president and chief decommissioning officer of Fukushima Daiichi Decontamination & Decommissioning Engineering Co., stated, We feel that the ice wall is becoming quite effective. However, he had no articulate answer when pressed for concrete details, stating, I cant…. ...
At least a dozen nuclear power plants have shut down across the country and millions of buildings around Tokyo were left without power from the Japan earthquake.
On November 14, 2011,the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) released the results of an international survey on energy and climate change policies in Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima nuclear plant accident. The survey targeted experts and researchers who are deeply interested in global energy and environmental issues: 710 respondents answered the survey (Japanese 61%, non-Japanese 39%). Asked about nuclear power plant and energy policies in Japan, about 49% responded that Japan should shut down nuclear power plants and start the process of decommissioning operating plants within 1 to 2 year or by 2020. About 83% supported some form of a phase down, including a more gradual decommissioning concluding in 2050.. ...
The best seismologists in the world dont know when the next big earthquake will hit. But a Tel Aviv University geologist suggests that earthquake patterns recorded in historical documents of Middle Eastern countries indicate that the regions next significant quake is long overdue.. A major quake of magnitude seven on the Richter scale in the politically-fragile region of the Middle East could have dire consequences for precious holy sites and even world peace, says Tel Aviv University geologist Dr. Shmulik Marco. In light of this imminent danger, Marco, from the schools Department of Geophysics and Planetary Sciences, has taken an historical approach to earthquake forecasting by using ancient records from the Vatican and other religious sources in his assessment. The past holds the key to the future, he says.. All of us in the region should be worried, explains Marco, who dedicates his career to piecing together ancient clues.. Based on the translations of hundreds of documents -- some of ...
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) - A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 6.2 struck northwestern Argentina early Sunday, but there were no immediate reports of...
Chinese state media say an aftershock has occurred at a lake formed by last months earthquake and that the growing body of water is threatening to flood thousands of homes downstream. Xinhua news says the aftershock of 4.8 magnitude struck the southwestern province of Sichuan Sunday, causing massive landslides on mountains surrounding the lake. It says the aftershocks impact on the threatened area is under surveillance. Earlier today, Xinhua said the lake is still rising dangerously despite efforts to drain the water safely. Xinhua news agency quoted provincial official Zhang Ting as
An earthquake is the shaking and vibration at the surface of the Earth caused by underground movement along a fault line plane or by volcanic activity. Most earthquake casualties result from falling objects or debris when shocks damage or demolish buildings and other structures. Electricity and telephone lines, gas, sewer and water mains can also be damaged.. Earthquakes can also cause a tsunami, or a series of waves which can cross an ocean and cause extensive damage to coastal regions. In areas where there are steep slopes, vibrations resulting from earthquakes may cause landslides.. Any part of Australia could experience an earthquake and there is no accepted method to predict earthquakes. Parts of South Australia, including Adelaide and the mid-north are earthquake hazard areas with a high potential for future earthquakes. The Eden-Burnside Fault Zone (composed of several different individual faults) lies at the base of the main scarp of the Adelaide Hills. It begins around One Tree Hill in ...
The grandeur of citywide reconstruction schemes required investment from Eastern monetary sources, hence the spin and de-emphasis of the earthquake, the promulgation of the tough new building codes, and subsequent reputation sensitive actions such as the official low death toll. One of the more famous and ambitious plans came from famed urban planner Daniel Burnham. His bold plan called for, among other proposals, Haussmann-style avenues, boulevards, arterial thoroughfares that radiated across the city, a massive civic center complex with classical structures, and what would have been the largest urban park in the world, stretching from Twin Peaks to Lake Merced with a large atheneum at its peak. But this plan was dismissed during the aftermath of the earthquake.. The earthquake also was crucial in the development of the University of California, San Francisco and its medical facilities. Until 1906, the school faculty had provided care at the City-County Hospital (San Francisco General Hospital, ...
A 4.9 magnitude earthquake struck 10 km south-east of Borazjan, Iran, at 2.20am GMT according to USGS.Reports said the quake hit near a nuclear plant, but added that it was a natural event.The world was shaken by the news of Iranian missiles hitting Iraqi bases housing US-led coalition personnel, and the crash of a Ukrainian passenger jet shortly after take-off from Tehrans
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NOTE: The allocated presentation time includes 5 minutes for questions and discussions.. 2:00-2:10 PM Steve Kirby: Welcoming remarks, introductions, and announcements.. Session 1a. Overviews on Sumatra & other megathrust tsunami sources. Willie Lee, Chair.. 2:10-2:45 Emile Okal: Lessons from the 2004 Sumatra earthquake and tsunamis.. 2:45-3:10 George Plafker: The cataclysmic 2004 tsunami on NW Sumatra -- Preliminary evidence for a splay fault secondary source along the western Aceh Basin. 3:10-3:35 Larry Ruff: Seismotectonics of large earthquakes and tsunamigenesis.. 3:35-4:00 Seth Stein: Spatial distribution of the largest megathrust earthquakes: Variations in plate tectonic parameters or sampling bias?. Refreshment Break: 4:00 to 4:15. Session 1b. Overviews on Sumatra & other megathrust tsunami sources. Willie Lee, Chair.. 4:15-4:40 Steve Kirby: Overview of the 2005 USGS Working Group report on the relative hazards of interplate thrust earthquake sources of the western Pacific.. Session 2. ...
The |i|Journal of Applied Remote Sensing|/i| (JARS) is an online journal that optimizes the communication of concepts, information, and progress within the remote sensing community to improve the societal benefit for monitoring and management of natural disasters, weather forecasting, agricultural and urban land-use planning, environmental quality monitoring, ecological restoration, and numerous other commercial and scientific applications.
4.2 magnitude quake is among more than 800 in the state in 2015, and many are occurring in areas where wells pump byproducts of oil and gas production A 4.2 magnitude earthquake struck north Oklahoma City early on New Years Day, the latest in a series of temblors in the area in recent days that ...
A powerful earthquake struck western China on May 12, 2008, toppling thousands of homes, factories, and offices, trapping students in schools, and killing at least 10,000 people, the countrys worst natural disaster in three decades. The quake, which was estimated preliminarily to have had a magnitude of 7.9, ravaged a mountainous region outside Chengdu, capital of Sichuan Province, just after lunchtime, destroying 80 percent of structures in some of the towns and small cities near its epicenter, Chinese officials said. Its tremors were felt as far away as Vietnam and set off another smaller quake in the outskirts of Beijing, 900 miles away. Landslides, power outages and fallen mobile phone towers left much of the affected area cut off from the outside world and limited information about the damage. But snapshots of concentrated devastation suggested that the death toll could rise markedly as rescuers reach the most heavily damaged areas.The powerful initial quake struck at 2:28 p.m. near ...
1925 Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake strikes northeastern North America. A total of 55 aftershocks were recorded in the Charlevoix-Kamouraska quake. 1997 Earthquake in northern Iran kills 3000 people 1997 A 6.1 magnitude earthquake in Armenia and Azerbaijan kills 1,100 people. 2001 Nisqually Earthquake, measuring 6.8 magnitude hits the Nisqually Valley and Seattle, Tacoma, and Olympia, Washington. …
A network of low frequency electromagnetic detectors has been operating in Central Italy for more than three years, consisting of identical instruments that continuously record the electrical components of the electromagnetic field, ranging from a few Hz to tens of kHz. These signals are analyzed in real time and their power spectrum contents and time/frequency data are available online. To date, specific interest has been devoted to searching for any possible electromagnetic features which correlate with seismic activity in the same region. In this study, spectral analysis has evidenced very distinct power spectrum signatures that increased in intensity when strong seismic activity occurred near the stations of the 2009 LAquila earthquake. These signatures have revealed horizontally oriented electric fields, between 20 Hz to 400 Hz, lasting from several minutes to up to two hours. Their power intensities have been found to be about 1 μV/m. Moreover, a large number of man-made signals and meteorologic
The Mw7.0 2016 Kumamoto earthquake occurred on the previously mapped Futagawa-Hinagu fault causing significant strong ground motions. A ~ 30-km-long dextral surface rupture appeared on the major fault zone and dextral slip was up to 2-3 m. However, the surface ruptures were also broadly and remotely distributed approximately 10 km away from the primary rupture zone. These numerous distributed secondary surface slips with vertical displacement of less than a few tens of centimeters were detected by the interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) technology in previous studies. Such displacements occurred not only on previously mapped faults but also on unknown traces. Here, we addressed the following fundamental issues: whether the broadly distributed faults were involved in the past major earthquakes in the neighborhood, and how the fault topography of such secondary faults develops, seismically or aseismically. To find clues for understanding these issues, we show the results of field measurements
The static Coulomb stress hypothesis is a widely known physical mechanism for earthquake triggering, and thus a prime candidate for physics-based Operational Earthquake Forecasting (OEF). However, the forecast skill of Coulomb-based seismicity models remains controversial, especially in comparison to empirical statistical models. A previous evaluation by the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) concluded that a suite of Coulomb-based seismicity models were less informative than empirical models during the aftershock sequence of the 1992 $M_w7.3$ Landers, California, earthquake. Recently, a new generation of Coulomb-based and Coulomb/statistical hybrid models were developed that account better for uncertainties and secondary stress sources. Here, we report on the performance of this new suite of models in comparison to empirical Epidemic Type Aftershock Sequences (ETAS) models during the 2010-2012 Canterbury, New Zealand, earthquake sequence. Comprising the 2010 $M 7.1$ ...
After the earthquake Strangers nod to each other As if family. a haiku. On March 11, the northeast coast of Japan suffered a magnitude-9.0 earthquake and destructive tsunami, resulting in the deaths of 5,178 people to date, more than 8,600 missing and the evacuation of 380,000 Japanese from the devastated areas. Many have been left homeless in freezing weather with limited food, water and electricity.. While the MGH and other hospitals await the call for medical assistance from the Japanese government, three MGH Emergency Services physicians already have traveled to the country to offer their support. N. Stuart Harris Jr., MD, MFA, FACEP, director of the Wilderness Medicine Fellowship of the Emergency Department; Takashi Shiga, MD, Emergency Medicine fellow; and Kohei Hasegawa, MD, Emergency Medicine resident, arrived in Tokyo on March 14 to work with the Disaster Medical Assistance Team of the Tokushukai Hospital Group.. Three days into their deployment, the group headed to Kesennuma, a ...
Today, exactly one month after northern Japan was shaken by the 9.0-magnitude quake, a 6.6 magnitude aftershock rattled the same area around Fukushima. A warning for a 3-foot tsunami was issued after the temblor hit the northeast coast 5:16 p.m. local time, ABC News is reporting. The latest quake was reported to cause landslides in the city of Iwaki, including one that buried three houses and trapped four people inside, police in Fukushima Prefecture told CNN News. Attempts to rescue the families were ongoing, their condition was not immediately known, The office of Prime Minister Naoto Kan delayed a scheduled news conference due to the latest developments, his office said. Officials want to have the immediate situation under control before holding a news conference, the office said.. All advisories and warnings were lifted about an hour later, according to local Japanese TV.. The aftershock was originally reported to be 7.1 but was corrected to 7.0 by Japanese officials. The US Geological ...
As one of the causative agents of viral hepatitis, hepatitis E virus (HEV) has gained public health attention globally. HEV epidemics occur in developing countries, associated with faecal contamination of water and poor sanitation. In industrialised nations, HEV infections are associated with travel to countries endemic for HEV, however, autochthonous infections, mainly through zoonotic transmission, are increasingly being reported. HEV can also be transmitted by blood transfusion. Nepal has experienced a number of HEV outbreaks, and recent earthquakes resulted in predictions raising the risk of an HEV outbreak to very high. This study aimed to measure HEV exposure in Nepalese blood donors after large earthquakes. Samples (n = 1,845) were collected from blood donors from Kathmandu, Chitwan, Bhaktapur and Kavre. Demographic details, including age and sex along with possible risk factors associated with HEV exposure were collected via a study-specific questionnaire. Samples were tested for HEV IgM, IgG
Health, ...Vienna Austria: The prevalence of smoking in Christchurch New Zealan...The results of the study will be presented today (4 September 2012) at...The 7.1-magnitude Christchurch earthquake and subsequent aftershocks...To investigate the effects of the disaster on smoking levels research...,Smoking,and,natural,disasters:,Christchurch,residents,increase,tobacco,consumption,post-earthquake,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The Special Publication No. 114 (Stickney et.al., 2000) map displays faults, earthquakes, and topography in western Montana. Funded through the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) compiled Quaternary faults in western Montana as part of a larger effort sponsored by the International Lithosphere Program. The USGS conducted a detailed review of published and unpublished maps and literature concerning Quaternary faults in western Montana. Fault data were entered into a data base and used to compile a map showing the locations, ages, and estimated slip rates of Quaternary faulting in western Montana. Fault traces were taken from original sources and compiled on 1:250,000-scale quadrangle base maps and digitized for use with the GIS. In addition to location and style of faulting, the data characterize the time of most recent movement and estimated slip rate for each fault. Also included are geographic and other paleoseismologic parameters and a bibliographic ...
The moment magnitude (Mw) 5.8 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake of 23 August 2011, was centered ~130 km south-southwest of Washington, D.C. (USA), and caused minor damage across Virginia and the Washington metropolitan area. The Washington Monument sustained masonry damage; a post-earthquake survey of the monument performed for the National Park Service identified cracking and spalling of the pyramidion (the topmost piece of the obelisk), and cracking, spalling, and lesser damage over the entire length of the monument shaft. A seismic vulnerability assessment of the monument was then performed to evaluate the potential for damage to the monument from future earthquakes. No ground-motion recordings of the Mineral earthquake were available for the monument site; therefore, deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazard analyses were performed to develop site-specific response spectra representing the Mineral earthquake and the maximum considered earthquake (MCE). These spectra were initially developed ...
People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc ...
People Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected. Structures : Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down. Environment : Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc ...
In the wake of the Haitian earthquake, ten American missionaries remained in a Port-au-Prince jail today, waiting for a judge to decide if they will face kidnapping charges. The ten are devout Christians, and they were trying to take 33 children out of the earthquake-ravaged country without documentation. They say they did it in the name of Jesus Christ.
Like many of you, Ive been wondering how best to help the Haiti earthquake victims. The following list (thanks Bro!) makes it easy…. Disaster relief organizations are mobilizing to aid Haiti - and are asking for help. Funds are needed to provide enough safe water, temporary shelter and vital medical supplies.. UNICEF and Save the Children already have emergency teams in Haiti, and the Red Cross has released $200,000 in disaster funds.. You can donate to these groups:. - Text Yele. Wyclef Jean is urging donors to text Yele to 501501 and make a $5 contribution to the relief effort over cell phone. Click here to get more information via Wyclefs foundation page.. - Text HAITI. For those interesting in helping immediately, simply text HAITI to 90999 and a donation of $10 will be given automatically to the Red Cross to help with relief efforts, charged to your cell phone bill.. - Save the Children. Donate at savethechildren.org or make checks out to Save the Children and mail to: Save the ...
Tsunami warnings issued after a 7.9 magnitude earthquake struck off Papua New Guinea on Saturday night have been canceled, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center and New Zealand government said.
Constraining the date of the last major event occurred in a fault is of paramount importance in probabilistic seismic hazard assessment when time-dependent models are considered. Eight of the twelve destructive earthquakes occurred in the eastern Betic Cordillera since sixteenth century, are located less than 10 km away from the Alhama de Murcia fault (AMF). Up to now, it has not been identified any geological evidence on the ground surface to associate these events with the activity of specific fault sections of the AMF. In this work we present the first geological evidence of the catastrophic 1674 event occurred at Lorca (SE Spain). The excavations carried out at La Torrecilla Creek exposed archaeological remains from the Islamic period (VIII-XIII centuries in this region) affected by 55 ± 20 cm offset by the AMF fault. This event reached intensity VIII and produced 30 fatalities at Lorca for an estimated population of 7300 inhabitants. This supports the occurrence of earthquakes with surface ...
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The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has released a California earthquake forecast,[25] which models earthquake ... "data from southern California Earthquake Center. Archived from the original on February 26, 2009. Retrieved March 18, 2009.. ... "UCERF3: A New Earthquake Forecast for California's Complex Fault System" (PDF). USGS. March 3, 2015. Retrieved October 17, 2016 ... "Northridge Earthquake". 2005. Archived from the original on July 12, 2006. Retrieved December 11, 2013.. ...
"1906 Earthquake - References". Earthquake.usgs.gov.. *^ Rademacher, Horst. The California Memorial Stadium - via ... This is a comprehensive report on the 1906 earthquake, published by the State Earthquake Investigation Commission, and ... Earthquakes[edit]. Berkeley is traversed by the Hayward Fault Zone, a major branch of the San Andreas Fault to the west. No ... "Earthquake in San Francisco and Neighboring Places" (PDF). The New York Times. October 22, 1868. Archived from the original ( ...
National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), Significant Earthquake Database, National Geophysical Data ... Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_earthquakes_in_Alaska&oldid=812472089" ...
... including frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity. Recent examples include the earthquake on January 13, 2001 that measured ... Between Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Market, State, and the Revolution America. New York: Monthly Review Press. 1995. ... The British Imperial College's El Salvador Project aims to build earthquake-proof buildings in remote areas of the country. ... Bommer, Julian; Ledbetter, Stephen (1987). "The San Salvador earthquake of 10th October 1986". Disasters. 11 (2): 83-95. doi: ...
Earthquakes[edit]. Los Altos is near the San Andreas Fault and subject to earthquakes. ... "Los Altos Shake map for SF Earthquake (Choose Los Altos and then San Andreas (1906 Quake) to see map)". Retrieved 2012-11-14.. ... 1906 San Francisco earthquake - Although Los Altos was hit extremely hard (VIII on the intensity level),[43] the main local ... 1989 - On October 17, Los Altos experienced the Loma Prieta earthquake, but was spared major damage. Los Altos and its churches ...
Earthquake[edit]. Below is list of commonly recommended items for an emergency earthquake kit: *Food and water to last at least ... Disaster supplies are also kept on hand by those who live in areas prone to earthquakes or other natural disasters. For the ...
Possible related earthquakes[edit]. See also: List of earthquakes in Canada. Time (local). M. Epicenter. Comments. Coordinates ... "Earthquake Details (2016-01-12)". Natural Resources Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 14 May 2016.. ... "Search the Earthquake Database". Natural Resources Canada. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2015.. ... Albert feels tremors from earthquake near Fox Creek By Emily Mertz an". Corus Entertainment Inc. Global News. 12 January 2016. ...
Earthquake protection. One tool of earthquake engineering is base isolation which is increasingly used for earthquake ... Bamboo-made houses are popular in China, Japan and other Asian countries, because of their resistance to earthquakes and ... Bamboo is an earthquake-resistant material, and is very versatile because it comes from fast-grow plants. Adding that bamboos ... "National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering, University of California, Berkeley. Archived from the original on ...
Earthquakes[edit]. Zakynthos was hit by a 7.3-magnitude earthquake in 1953, which destroyed most of the buildings on the island ... "Zakynthos earthquake: Greek island shaken by 6.4 tremor". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 26 October 2018.. ... On 26 October 2018, a 6.4-magnitude earthquake south of the island caused no injuries but damaged the local pier and a 13th ...
Earthquakes[edit]. Beit She'an is located above the Dead Sea Transform (a fault system that forms the transform boundary ... Experts Warn: Major Earthquake Could Hit Israel Any Time By Rachel Avraham, staff writer for United With Israel Date: Oct 22, ... Many of the buildings of Scythopolis were damaged in the Galilee earthquake of 363, and in 409 it became the capital of the ... Tsafrir, Yoram and Foerster, Gideon: "The Dating of the 'Earthquake of the Sabbatical Year of 749 C. E.' in Palestine", ...
Since the Canterbury earthquakes of 2010 and 2011, earthquake readiness has become even more of an issue, with buildings ... Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848[42] and from another earthquake in 1855. The 1855 ... "M7 slow release earthquake under Wellington". GeoNet NZ. 27 May 2013. Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 28 ... "6.2 earthquake cuts power, phones, stops trains". One News. 20 January 2014. Archived from the original on 16 May 2015. ...
See also: Lists of earthquakes. An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates ... Earthquakes are caused by slippage within geological faults. The underground point of origin of the earthquake is called the ... such as Nepal during the 2015 earthquake, an earthquake can have disastrous consequences and leave lasting damage, which can ... Earthquakes by themselves rarely kill people or wildlife. It is usually the secondary events that they trigger such as building ...
Earthquake[edit]. On May 12, 2008, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred. An estimated 90,000 people were killed or still missing ... "Earthquake Site at a Town Called Shigu Recorded by Our Reporter, 2008.05.12--05.14 Archived 2016-01-10 at the Wayback Machine ... "Earthquake Information of Deyang as of June 7, 19:00 CST" (in Chinese). Official website of Deyang Government. 2008-06-08. ... "Casualties in Wenchuan Earthquake" (in Chinese). Sina.com. 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2008-06-01.. ...
1952 Kern County earthquake. Tehachapi is best known for the 7.3 1952 Kern County earthquake on the White Wolf Fault in 1952. ... Earthquakes[edit]. Downtown Tehachapi is approximately 15 miles (24 km) from the White Wolf Fault, 6 miles (10 km) from the ... The 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake on the San Andreas Fault had an estimated magnitude of 7.9 but there is no record of the local ... Southern California Earthquake Data Center "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 3, 2007. Retrieved February ...
New Madrid earthquakes (1811-1812)[edit]. Main article: 1811-12 New Madrid earthquakes ... It included the largest recorded earthquake in the contiguous United States. These earthquakes caused the Mississippi River to ... Western Kentucky was heavily damaged by a series of earthquakes collectively referred to as the New Madrid earthquake. ...
Earthquake Resistance[edit]. "It is built to withstand winds of up to 200 mph (320 km/h) and earthquakes up to 9.5 magnitude". ... I propose to remove the reference to it being able to resist a 9.5 magnitude earthquake unless someone can come up with a ... for such high levels of earthquake, although I could be wrong. I remember hearing something about a seismic retrofit in recent ...
Earthquake risk[edit]. In 2008, researchers from Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory located a previously ... "Earthquakes May Endanger New York More Than Thought, Says Study". Earth Institute. Columbia University. Retrieved July 1, 2015. ... Many earthquakes in the state's surprisingly varied seismic history are believed to have occurred on or near it. Visible at ... According to a company spokesman, Indian Point was built to withstand an earthquake of 6.1 on the Richter scale.[71] Entergy ...
1989 Newcastle earthquake[edit]. Main article: 1989 Newcastle earthquake. On 28 December 1989, Newcastle experienced an ... became a thriving cosmopolitan restaurant strip after the earthquake and is still going strong today. The earthquake helped to ... but was eventually sold and demolished to make way for a motel that was destroyed by the 1989 earthquake. The decline in ... demolished 1990 after being severely damaged by the 1989 earthquake); the Hunter (capacity 1000) at The Junction, had advanced ...
2011 Virginia earthquake[edit]. At 1:51pm on August 23, 2011, a 5.8 magnitude earthquake occurred, centered south of Mineral, ... "Earthquake Hazards Program. United States Geological Survey. August 23, 2011. Archived from the original on March 29, 2012.. ... "Earthquakes in the Central Virginia Seismic Zone". geology.com. Retrieved 29 November 2015.. ... "North Anna Nuclear Plant Earthquake Risk: 1977 Memo Details Cover-Up Of Seismic Knowledge". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 29 ...
Earthquake Engineering Abstracts[edit]. The primary focus of Earthquake Engineering Abstracts (EEA) is coverage of earthquake ... "Earthquake Engineering Abstracts". Bluesheets. Dialog LLC. August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-21. Major areas of coverage include: ... Geotechnical earthquake engineering, Performance-based seismic engineering, Disaster planning, Earthquake resistant design and ... indexes and abstracts of major earthquake engineering research journals, along with 40,000 abstracts of proceedings (includes ...
... were closed for many months following the earthquake.[8] More than a year since the earthquake occurred, many schools still ... The country has attempted three major reform efforts, with a new one in progress as a response to the earthquake.[7][8] ... The earthquake caused death and injury to thousands of students and hundreds of professors and school administrators, however ... After Haiti's 2010 earthquake, the President of Haiti, René Préval in May 2010 gave the Inter-American Development Bank, IDB ...
He investigated many major disasters, such as the 1964 Great Alaska earthquake, the 1971 San Fernando earthquake in California ... Father of geotechnical earthquake engineering[edit]. Professor Seed's published nearly 300 papers and reports on various topics ... In the 1960s he established a new research area, geotechnical earthquake engineering, and he is commonly regarded as the ... He was elected honorary member in the American Society of Civil Engineers in 1985, honorary member in the Earthquake ...
This earthquake had been the strongest in over 50 years for this region: the Cape Yakataga earthquake, with an estimated ... The earthquake caused a subaerial rockfall in the Gilbert Inlet.[11] Over 30 million cubic meters of rock fell from a height of ... 1970). Earthquake History of the United States. United States Department of Commerce/Department of the Interior. p. 108. ... Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami. 04 (4): 285-319. doi:10.1142/S1793431110000893. ISSN 1793-4311.. ...
1989 Loma Prieta earthquake to the present[edit]. In the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989, the Cypress Freeway collapsed. 42 ... In 1906, many people left homeless by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake settled in West Oakland. The original wooden train ... including a park commemorating the 1989 earthquake. It is lined with condominiums and new and established businesses. Several ... though it was severely damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. ...
Earthquakes[change , change source]. The 1999 İzmit earthquake was an approximately 7.4 magnitude earthquake that struck ... The New York Times estimated that over 570 people died in the Erzincan earthquake of March 13 1992.[10] The earthquake was a ... 18.000 people died in the earthquake. Many people have been killed by earthquakes in Turkey. ... Earthquakes in 1994, 1999, and 2001 slowed economic growth a bit. Turkey has no petroleum or natural gas so it buys them from ...
"Earthquakes". The San Bernardino County Sun. June 29, 1992. p. 12. Retrieved May 30, 2015 - via Newspapers.com. "Road Watch". ... Parts of the SR 247 roadway buckled in the Landers earthquake of 1992, and 10 miles (16 km) of the highway was closed while ...
It has a free place name search and its earthquake monitoring services can be freely accessed. The Library is the premier ... "Earthquakes". Geoscience Australia. Australian Government. Retrieved 2 August 2019. "N H (Doc) Fisher Geoscience Library". ... focus on resource development and topographic mapping to topics as diverse as natural hazards such as tsunami and earthquakes, ...
In 1989, an earthquake struck Newcastle. It was a Richter magnitude 5.6 earthquake and one of Australia's most serious natural ... The Newcastle earthquake was the first Australian earthquake in recorded history to claim human lives. The following, year, ... "Earthquake". Newcastle City Council. Archived from the original on 10 March 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011. "Mining triggered ... "Earthquakes". Emergency Disaster Management Inc. Retrieved 6 May 2009. "WebCite query result". webcitation.org. Archived from ...
Earthquakes. ISBN 9780992629717. Evans, Max (30 August 2016). "Ely bread riots: 'Painful memories' linger 25 years on". BBC ...
"Lake Edgar Earthquake" (PDF). Geoscience Australia. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Taylor, Sam (April 2002). "Dam ... "Earthquakes". Mineral Resources Tasmania, Department of State Growth. Government of Tasmania. Retrieved 29 June 2015. McCue, K ... Hydro Tasmania is confident that the eventuality of the Edgar Dam being destroyed by an earthquake is an extremely remote ...
A recently proposed theory suggests that some earthquakes may occur in a sort of earthquake storm, where one earthquake will ... Such earthquakes are called tectonic earthquakes. The Earths lithosphere is a patch work of plates in slow but constant motion ... These types of earthquakes are called deep focus earthquakes. They are possibly generated when subducted lithospheric material ... Earthquakes occurring at boundaries of tectonic plates are called interplate earthquakes, while the less frequent events that ...
RAND research related to earthquakes, and the tsunamis that sometimes result from deep-water temblors, focuses primarily on ... Earthquakes. RAND research related to earthquakes, and the tsunamis that sometimes result from deep-water temblors, focuses ... Nepal Earthquake Response Shows Need for Better International Planning. The U.S. provided supplies after the earthquake in ... A critical look at earthquake preparations in the Los Angeles Basin. In an effort to promote effective earthquake planning and ...
Learn how to protect your family and home from the effects of an earthquake. ... Earthquakes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish * Earthquakes (Department of Homeland Security) Also ... Damage from earthquakes can also lead to floods or fires.. Although there are no guarantees of safety during an earthquake, you ... Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently, and without warning at any time of the day or night. If an earthquake occurs in a ...
Animals sensing earthquakes. These werent the first times researchers suggested links between animal behavior and earthquakes ... "This is not a way to predict earthquakes," Dukes said. "Its just a way to warn that the Earth is moving and something - an ... The 10 Biggest Earthquakes in History]. Zoo officials at the Smithsonians National Zoological Park in Washington, D.C., ... But at one point, most of the sites toads suddenly disappeared - and five days later, a strong earthquake struck the region. ...
Experts say a bigger earthquake along the lesser-known fault that gave Southern California a moderate shake could do more ... More than 100 aftershocks have rattled Orange County south of Los Angeles where a magnitude-5.1 earthquake struck Friday. ... after an earthquake hit Orange County Friday night. ...
... earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsus/. For each earthquake place a colored stick-on dot on the map at the location ... Use red for earthquakes less than 50 km deep, orange for earthquakes between 51 and 150 km deep and yellow for even deeper ... 1964 Alaska Earthquake - Second largest instrumentally recorded earthquake. 9.5. 180,000 Mtons. 11.2E+18 J. 1960 Chile - ... Global Distribution of Earthquakes. An interesting project involving both geography and seismology is to plot the earthquakes ...
Special Earthquakes, Earthquake Sequences, and Fault Zones. Compilations of information about significant earthquakes, swarms ... Find recent or historic earthquakes, lists, information on selected significant earthquakes, earthquake resources by state, or ... Latest Earthquakes. Latest earthquakes map and list for U.S. and worldwide. Tap/click on gear icon for options and settings. ... Links to earthquake-related information for each state.. Errata for Latest Earthquakes. Mistakes happen. Here are the ...
... California is known for the magnitude and frequency of its earthquakes and a powerful quake could strike at any ... Every Californian needs to know and practice earthquake safety. The key to surviving an earthquake and lowering your risk of ... During an earthquake, the safest thing to do is:. DROP where you are, onto your hands and knees. This position protects you ...
Earthquake swarms. Main article: Earthquake swarm. Earthquake swarms are sequences of earthquakes striking in a specific area ... Main article: Earthquake preparedness. The objective of earthquake engineering is to foresee the impact of earthquakes on ... Earthquakes and volcanic activity. Main article: Volcano tectonic earthquake. Earthquakes often occur in volcanic regions and ... Sometimes a series of earthquakes occur in what has been called an earthquake storm, where the earthquakes strike a fault in ...
April 20, 2002, Au Sable Forks, New York Earthquake. Here is a list of earthquakes that have occurred since April 20, 2002, ... Recent Earthquakes in the NorthEastern U.S. and southeastern Canada, 1970-2000. Compiled by Won-Young Kim at Lamont-Doherty ... Source mechanism of the Au Sable Forks, New York earthquake determined by using seismic signals recorded at regional distance ( ...
Earthquakes and Seismicity. Seismic Waves. Two types of waves are generated during an earthquake, body waves and surface waves ... Earthquakes and plate tectonics/NEIC *Continents on the move/NOVA *Plate tectonics/COTF *ABCs of plate tectonics Earthquake ... Basic information on earthquake hazards. *Earthquake hazards/USGS - useful links *Geologic Hazards/NASA - various case studies ... Locating Earthquakes. The surface point above the hypocenter is known as the epicenter. As the distance from an earthquake ...
The long-term rate of approximately 25 earthquakes per year increased sharply starting around 2009. (Public domain.) ... OverviewAnnual number of earthquakes with a magnitude of 3.0 or larger in the central and eastern United States, 1973-2020. ... Pawnee earthquake (Mw5.8), and the 07-Nov. Cushing earthquake (Mw5.0). These events are the first earthquakes in the state ... The rate peaked in 2015 with 1010 M3+ earthquakes. Since 2015, earthquake rate has declined. In 2019, 130 M3+ earthquakes ...
National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), Significant Earthquake Database, National Geophysical Data ... Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes notability guideline that was developed ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_earthquakes_in_Alaska&oldid=812472089" ...
Last month, New Zealand had an earthquake as well. It is best to always be prepared. If you havent done so lately, check out ... Over the past four days, Japan has been hit hard by a series of earthquakes and resulting tsunami. ... If you want to help, contribute to the Red Cross [Japan Earthquake and Pacific Tsunami] fund. ... It was seven months after the earthquake, but people were still living in cardboard boxes and make-shift tents. ...
... Before. *Look around the places where you spend time (dorm, classroom, or office) and identify safe places, such as ... If you become trapped during the earthquake, do not move about or kick up dust. If possible, use your cell phone to call or ...
A magnitude 5.7 earthquake and a magnitude 4.6 quake rattled central Japan on Monday afternoon, the U.S. Geological Survey ... A magnitude 5.7 earthquake rattled central Japan on Monday afternoon, the U.S. Geological Survey reported. A second quake -- ...
... and Dr Michael J Van Rooyens review published Online First in The Lancet details the devastating health effects of earthquakes ... 17% of earthquake survivors reported to have had suicidal thoughts following the Turkey earthquake of 1999. ... In comparison to adults, children often have a higher risk of injury and death during earthquakes. After major earthquakes ... After the earthquake in Northridge, California, heart attacks rose by 35% in the week following the disaster, with increases ...
Its been eight years since the Northridge quake and twice that long since Chris Hess was taught the earthquake drill so ... "Ive been in earthquakes in L.A. Those are nothing. Earthquakes in Northridge are scarier." ... "No one freaks out about earthquakes--this is California.". Some native Southern Californians, however, developed earthquake ... Recent Earthquakes Unearth Memories. Fear: The series of small jolts rattles nerves of many who recall the 94 Northridge ...
Controlling Earthquakes. Although no attempts have yet been made to control earthquakes, earthquakes have been known to be ... Is it possible for humans to induce earthquakes?. *In what tectonic settings do earthquakes occur? Explain why earthquakes ... Thus, a magnitude 7 earthquake releases 31 times more energy than a magnitude 6 earthquake. A magnitude 8 earthquake releases ... earthquake. Earthquakes located in isolated areas far from human population rarely cause any deaths. Thus, in earthquake prone ...
Learning what actions to take can help you and your family to remain safe and healthy in the event of an earthquake. ... Surviving an earthquake and reducing its health impact requires preparation, planning, and practice. ... Learn what actions you can take to prepare for an earthquake and what you can do to help keep yourself and your loved ones safe ... Keep yourself and your loved ones safe by planning, preparing, and practicing what to do if an earthquake happens. ...
Please tell me what to do during an earthquake and what earthquake supplies to keep on hand. The Answer: The basic rules for ... Please tell me what to do during an earthquake and what earthquake supplies to keep on hand. ... The basic rules for earthquake safety are as follows. Take cover (under a table or in a doorway) if you are inside and find ...
Magnitude 9 Earthquake,/li,,/li,,/ul,,li,Effects,br /,Short Term,br /,Long Term,br /,Using the Articles on the Earthquake ... Case Study MEDC Earthquake:Great Tohoku Earthquake 2011,br /,When: 2:40pm Friday 11th March, 2011.,br /, ... Cause of the Earthquake,br /, * 17. Where and What?,br /,,ul,,li,Subduction zone boundary between the Pacific and North ... What is a Tsunami?,br /,Tsunami- Large waves caused by underwater earthquakes.,br /, ...
Explore a Historical Earthquake. Read Earthquakes in History. Then read about a historical earthquake at Earthquake Photographs ... Try the Virtual Earthquake. Follow the directions at the Virtual Earthquake website to do an earthquake simulation.. Complete a ... Prepare for Earthquakes. Read Earthquake Terror by Peg Kehret or One Boys Experience. Are you prepared for an earthquake? What ... Write about an Earthquake Scientist. Read about measuring earthquakes and the severity of earthquakes. Learn about Charles ...
Categories CommentaryTags Alaska Earthquake, Anchorage Earthquake, Earth Changes, EarthquakesLeave a comment ... Earthquakes, Earthquakes Increasing, End Times Earthquakes, Quakes, Seismic Activity, Seismic Activity Increasing, The Cascadia ... Earthquakes, Earthquakes Increasing, End Times Earthquakes, Quakes, Seismic Activity, Seismic Activity Increasing, The Cascadia ... Earthquakes The Number Of Global Earthquakes Is 3 Times Above Normal - 6.1, 6.6, 7.3 + Dozens More Hit The Ring Of Fire Over ...
... tsunami-generating earthquake off the northwest coast of Sumatra this weekend, many news outlets picked up a statement from En ... A very large earthquake-one of a magnitude of 9.0 or greater-can shift enough mass relative to that of the entire Earth to ... Geophysicists have still not calculated the exact effect of this earthquake on the wobble, but they will as data from the quake ... "I used a model of the elastic properties of the Earth along with the seismically determined source properties of the earthquake ...
Media in category "Earthquakes in Japan". The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. ... Pages in category "Earthquakes in Japan". This category contains only the following page. ... Terremoti in Giappone (it); Séismicité du Japon (fr); Jordbävningar i Japan (sv); רעידות אדמה ביפן (he); Earthquakes in Japan ( ... Earthquake-proof glass in Sahara-glass-park.jpg 1,280 × 960; 252 KB. ...
... scientists expect new opportunities to study possible connections between weather and earthquakes. ... Triggering earthquakes. People knew we could induce earthquakes before we knew what they were. As soon as people started to dig ... An earthquake in the magnitude 5 range releases as much energy as the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945. A earthquake in ... How humans induce earthquakes. As part of our review we assembled a database of cases that is, to our knowledge, the fullest ...
... extend his staggering streak to 16 matches Saturday as reigning MLS Cup champions Atlanta United host the San Jose Earthquakes ... The Earthquakes are looking to salvage something from a three-match road swing and coming off a 2-1 loss at NYCFC last weekend. ... extend his staggering streak to 16 matches Saturday as reigning MLS Cup champions Atlanta United host the San Jose Earthquakes. ...
What Causes Earthquakes?. The two main answers to how earthquakes happen is: as a result of tectonic plates colliding and ... Earthquakes Caused By Volcanoes:. Volcanic earthquakes are far less common than tectonic plate related ones. They are triggered ... We have written many articles about earthquakes for Universe Today. Heres an article about the biggest earthquake, and here ... the 1783 Calabrian earthquakes, which caused several ten thousand deaths; and the 1908 Messina earthquake and tsunami - which ...
Earthquakes Again at Laibach. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ...
  • Such a pattern was observed in the sequence of about a dozen earthquakes that struck the Anatolian Fault in Turkey in the 20th Century, the half dozen large earthquakes in New Madrid in 1811-1812, and has been inferred for older anomalous clusters of large earthquakes in the Middle East and in the Mojave Desert. (angelfire.com)
  • most common usage 1703 Genroku earthquake Other earthquakes in the Kantō region, which may or may not be due to slippage in the Sagami Trough: The Ruijū Kokushi mentions an earthquake that struck the area in 818 1855 Edo earthquake A future "big one" striking Greater Tokyo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shortly before the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami struck Japan, about 20 oarfish stranded themselves on beaches in the area, Mark Benfield, a researcher at Louisiana State University, told LiveScience in an earlier interview. (yahoo.com)
  • Dozens of the deep-sea denizens were discovered by Japanese fishermen around the time a powerful 8.8-magnitude earthquake struck Chile in March 2010. (yahoo.com)
  • In February 1975, a 7.3-magnitude earthquake struck Haicheng, a city of 1 million people located in China's Liaoning province. (yahoo.com)
  • But at one point, most of the site's toads suddenly disappeared - and five days later, a strong earthquake struck the region. (yahoo.com)
  • More than 100 aftershocks have rattled Orange County south of Los Angeles where a magnitude-5.1 earthquake struck Friday. (yahoo.com)
  • The magnitude 4.6 earthquake in Seattle that he mentioned definitely got a lot of attention when it struck very early on Friday morning. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • The search pattern, or fingerprint, comes from the wigglelike seismograms of larger earthquakes that have already struck. (livescience.com)
  • Hitting 6.1 on the Richter scale, this is the largest magnitude earthquake to have struck the UK. (sky.com)
  • The 9-magnitude earthquake that struck off Japan's east coast on Friday, causing a tsunami to crash ashore, is the most recent strong quake to affect a country that sits on the Ring of Fire arc of volcanoes and oceanic trenches that partly encircles the Pacific Basin. (abc.net.au)
  • Heavy rains were expected through Sunday after Japan's Kyushu region was struck by twin earthquakes, hampering the search for survivors and forcing nervous residents into crowded evacuation centers. (cnn.com)
  • The latest and most powerful earthquake struck near the city of Kumamoto, toppling buildings and bridges, shredding sections of landmarks into piles of debris, and sending frightened residents fleeing from their homes and into the night. (cnn.com)
  • Northern California could also be struck, as San Francisco was in the disastrous earthquake and fire of 1906. (voanews.com)
  • A strong earthquake has struck under the sea in eastern Indonesia, off of Sulawesi Island. (voanews.com)
  • At 2:28 p.m. local time (06:28 UTC) on May 12, 2008, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 struck China's Sichuan Province. (nasa.gov)
  • This elevation map shows the region where the earthquake struck. (nasa.gov)
  • On May 12, 2008, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 struck China's Sichuan Province. (nasa.gov)
  • The magnitude 7.9 earthquake that struck China on May 12, 2008, caused extensive damage in the mountainous terrain of Beichuan County. (nasa.gov)
  • The latest quake came two months after Chile was struck by a magnitude 8.8 earthquake and ensuing tsunamis that killed about 500 people and caused an estimated $30 billion in damage to infrastructure, homes, industry and lost productivity. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Smith and his collaborators analyzed 4,520 earthquakes in and around Yellowstone that struck between 1985 and 2013. (livescience.com)
  • Four massive earthquakes struck Japan in less than three days this week. (atimes.com)
  • On August 21, Indonesia was struck by a 6.9-magnitude earthquake. (moneycontrol.com)
  • As recently as 2018, the archipelago was struck by a 7.5 magnitude earthquake, which was part of a series of quakes and tsunamis that killed thousands in the country. (moneycontrol.com)
  • Reconstruction and cultural relief projects continue in Japan following the devastating magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami that struck the island nation on March 11, 2011. (yahoo.com)
  • Oct 30, 2020 · The death toll is climbing by the hour after a powerful earthquake struck the Aegean Sea off the coast of Turkey and the Greek island of Samos. (yahoo.com)
  • Oct 30, 2020 · At least 14 people died Friday in Turkey and Greece after a powerful earthquake struck off the shore of a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea. (yahoo.com)
  • ISTANBUL - At least 14 people were killed and more than 400 injured when a strong 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck Turkey and neighboring Greece on Friday. (yahoo.com)
  • On the same day last month that the quake struck off Alaska's coast, volcanoes erupted in the Philippines and Japan, and an earthquake shook Indonesia, according to the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. (freep.com)
  • A powerful earthquake struck the Pacific Ocean near the island nation of Vanuatu on Thursday, seismologists said, but there were no immediate reports of damage or casualties. (ibtimes.com)
  • In August 2011, two powerful earthquakes measuring 7.1 and 7.4 on the Richter scale struck about 63 kilometers south-southwest of Port-Vila. (ibtimes.com)
  • A wave approaches Miyako City from the Heigawa estuary in Iwate Prefecture after the magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck the area March 11, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • A victim's hand sticks out among the rubble after a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami struck Rikuzentakata, northern Japan March 13, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • A survivor cries at a shelter in Rikuzentakata, Iwate prefecture in northeast Japan March 13, 2011 after the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami struck the area. (theatlantic.com)
  • Written twelve years after the disaster struck, this documentation provides insight into the long-term implications of administrative decisions on resettlement and reconstruction, the durability of the geodesic dome as an earthquake resistant housing design built for the survivors and the social sustainability and cultural acceptance of rehabilitation measures. (peterlang.com)
  • The metro system and some schools in Italy's capital, Rome, were evacuated following an earthquake that struck the country's heart. (cnn.com)
  • After the 1994 Northridge Earthquake, in which 11 hospitals were damaged and eight were evacuated, California adopted SB1953, which aims to improve hospital resilience to seismic events. (rand.org)
  • California hospitals are required by law to reduce their buildings' risk of collapse by 2020 and to remain operational after an earthquake by 2030. (rand.org)
  • Predictions about the inevitability of a major earthquake in California is generating concern about how to pay for rebuilding after a catastrophic event. (rand.org)
  • Experts say a bigger earthquake along the lesser-known fault that gave Southern California a moderate shake could do more damage to the region than the long-dreaded "Big One" from the more famous San Andreas Fault. (yahoo.com)
  • California is known for the magnitude and frequency of its earthquakes and a powerful quake could strike at any moment. (ca.gov)
  • After the earthquake in Northridge, California, heart attacks rose by 35% in the week following the disaster, with increases also being reported in other areas, including Taiwan. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, in another earthquake, in Loma Pietra, California in 1989 no increases were reported. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It's been eight years since the Northridge quake and twice that long since Chris Hess was taught the earthquake drill so familiar to California schoolchildren. (latimes.com)
  • No one freaks out about earthquakes--this is California. (latimes.com)
  • The San Andreas fault in central California is well-known for causing severe earthquakes. (42explore.com)
  • Here you can investigate life along the fault lines of California, the science of earthquakes, building safe structures, and remember the infamous Loma Prieta and 1906 San Francisco quakes. (42explore.com)
  • And of course all of this comes just about a week after southern California was hit by the two largest earthquakes that it has experienced in more than two decades. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • This earthquake follows the string of quakes that have rattled the globe over the past few weeks producing powerful earthquakes in Southern California and rattling Seattle, Washington. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • According to Cal Tech , there have been 10,303 earthquakes of all magnitudes in California and Nevada within the last seven days. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • With the recent heavy rainfall in California, scientists expect new opportunities to study possible connections between weather and earthquakes. (thedailybeast.com)
  • California is also earthquake-prone, hosting the great San Andreas fault zone. (thedailybeast.com)
  • If there is an unusual surge of earthquakes in the near future-allowing time for the rain to percolate deep into faults-California may well become an interesting laboratory to study possible connections between weather and earthquakes. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Most people would associate the risk of earthquakes with well-publicized and seismically active areas like California, parts of Washington State (especially in and around Yellowstone National Park) and some areas of Nevada and Utah. (score.org)
  • We want everyone -- from our loyal supporters in San Jose, to soccer fans everywhere -- to associate the San Jose Earthquakes with top-flight, major-league soccer, played right here in Northern California. (sfgate.com)
  • Seismogram made during a northern California earthquake in 1982. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Here in the United States, scientists say California will one day be rocked by a major earthquake. (voanews.com)
  • They need to be prepared, says Mark Benthien of the Southern California Earthquake Center. (voanews.com)
  • Earthquakes are a fact of life in California. (ca.gov)
  • This weekend, Northern California was rattled by a 6.0-magnitude earthquake . (kpbs.org)
  • Meanwhile, in Oklahoma, where earthquakes were once as rare as elephant's eyes, more than seven hundred small to moderate temblors this year promise to earn the state the distinction of being the most seismically active in the Lower Forty-eight, denying California its long claim over that title for a second year running. (newyorker.com)
  • In California, an earthquake like this one would not have killed a single person, said Franco Barberi, head of a committee assessing quake risks at the Civil Protection Agency. (ibtimes.com)
  • Several journalists from the Seattle area on the trip were intensely interested in lessons from Kobe's 1995 earthquake because of fears that a major quake could strike along the Pacific Northwest's Cascadia Subduction Zone, potentially affecting an area stretching from British Columbia to California. (freep.com)
  • CEA's policy gains in September and October-as Californians were learning about damage from hurricanes in the Atlantic, earthquakes in Mexico and massive fires in California-were CEA's biggest monthly gains ever. (prweb.com)
  • The California Earthquake Authority (CEA) announced at its quarterly Governing Board meeting that, as of today, CEA insures more than 1 million residences across California. (prweb.com)
  • The California Earthquake Authority (CEA) is a not-for-profit, privately funded, publicly managed organization that provides residential earthquake insurance and encourages Californians to reduce their risk of earthquake loss. (prweb.com)
  • When the epicenter of a large earthquake is located offshore, the seabed may be displaced sufficiently to cause a tsunami . (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the past four days, Japan has been hit hard by a series of earthquakes and resulting tsunami. (ibm.com)
  • If you want to help, contribute to the Red Cross [ Japan Earthquake and Pacific Tsunami ] fund. (ibm.com)
  • Earthquakes have caused over 780,000 deaths in the past decade alone, accounting for nearly 60% of all disaster-related mortality, and in 2004, the tsunami crisis claimed over 200,000 lives. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Tsunami- Large waves caused by underwater earthquakes. (slideshare.net)
  • In covering the massive, tsunami-generating earthquake off the northwest coast of Sumatra this weekend, many news outlets picked up a statement from Enzo Boschi, head of Italy's National Institute of Geophysics, saying the temblor was strong enough to disturb the Earth's rotation. (slate.com)
  • The earthquake and tsunami in Japan earlier this year served as dramatic reminders that people everywhere should be ready for disasters. (voanews.com)
  • Oct 30, 2020 · A powerful 7.0-magnitude earthquake in the Aegean Sea rocked Turkey and Greece on Friday - unleashing a tsunami, leveling buildings and killing at least 14 people, officials said. (yahoo.com)
  • When a powerful underwater earthquake off the coast of Alaska prompted tsunami advisories and frayed nerves last month along the West Coast and Hawaii, I thought about Kobe, Japan. (freep.com)
  • JAKARTA, Indonesia - A moderate earthquake rattled Indonesia's tsunami-ravaged Aceh province Sunday, an Indonesian meteorological official said. (foxnews.com)
  • Earthquakes of magnitude 6 and below are not considered strong enough to trigger a tsunami. (foxnews.com)
  • People are rescued by helicopter from a rooftop following an earthquake and tsunami in Sendai, northeastern Japan March 12, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • Smoke billows from an oil refinery with submerged rice paddy in foreground following a massive tsunami triggered by a powerful earthquake in Sendai, Miyagi prefecture, northern Japan, Saturday, March 12, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • Cars, which were swept together by a tsunami then caught fire, are seen after an earthquake in Hitachi City, Ibaraki Prefecture March 12, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • A damaged train off its tracks after an earthquake and tsunami in Matsushima City, Miyagi Prefecture March 12, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • A vehicle is half-submerged at a crossroad after an earthquake and tsunami in Sendai, northeastern Japan March 12, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • People in a floating container are rescued from a building following an earthquake and tsunami in Miyagi Prefecture, northeastern Japan March 12, 2011. (theatlantic.com)
  • One of the largest earthquakes ever recorded hit Japan at 2:46 pm local time on March 11, triggering a massive 23-foot tsunami. (ucc.org)
  • Gifts may also be made at your local UCC congregation marked for "Pacific earthquake/tsunami" with the request they be sent through your Conference office on to Wider Church Ministries. (ucc.org)
  • Watch a boat perilously drifting towards a giant w... ...ards a giant whirlpool [YouTube] off the coast of Japan that was created by the earthquake and tsunami.Elsewhere, cars, boats, and houses ar. (neatorama.com)
  • 4th Memorial Concert for the 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami at Houses of Parliament. (ustream.tv)
  • Earthquakes occurring at boundaries of tectonic plates are called interplate earthquakes , while the less frequent events that occur in the interior of the lithospheric plates are called intraplate earthquakes . (angelfire.com)
  • Where the crust is thicker and colder, earthquakes occur at greater depths of hundreds of kilometers along subduction zones where plates descend into the Earth's mantle . (angelfire.com)
  • Earthquakes may also occur in volcanic regions and are caused by the movement of magma in volcanoes . (angelfire.com)
  • A recently proposed theory suggests that some earthquakes may occur in a sort of earthquake storm , where one earthquake will trigger a series of earthquakes each triggered by the previous shifts on the fault lines, similar to aftershocks, but occurring years later, and with some of the later earthquakes as damaging as the early ones. (angelfire.com)
  • They however are not strictly earthquakes and usually show a different seismogram than earthquakes that occur naturally. (angelfire.com)
  • Such earthquakes occur because the strength of the Earth's crust can be modified by fluid pressure. (angelfire.com)
  • Kantō earthquakes are thought to occur with a 200-year return period. (wikipedia.org)
  • If animals can sense earthquakes before they occur, what could they be experiencing? (yahoo.com)
  • Earthquake epicenters occur mostly along tectonic plate boundaries, and especially on the Pacific Ring of Fire . (wikipedia.org)
  • Tectonic earthquakes occur anywhere in the earth where there is sufficient stored elastic strain energy to drive fracture propagation along a fault plane . (wikipedia.org)
  • Look around the places where you spend time (dorm, classroom, or office) and identify safe places, such as under a sturdy piece of furniture, should an earthquake occur. (nyu.edu)
  • Earthquakes occur when energy stored in elastically strained rocks is suddenly released. (tulane.edu)
  • Where do earthquakes occur? (tulane.edu)
  • Earthquake belts occur along faults around the world. (42explore.com)
  • Small tremors occur constantly, but every few months a major earthquake occurs somewhere in the world. (42explore.com)
  • NEIS has three main missions: to determine as rapidly and as accurately as possible the location and size of all destructive earthquakes that occur worldwide, collect and provide to scientists and the public an extensive seismic database that serves as a solid foundation for scientific research, and pursue an active research program to improve the ability to locate and understand earthquakes. (42explore.com)
  • Today, earthquakes caused by humans occur on a much greater scale. (thedailybeast.com)
  • What if someone were to tell you that there's a region in the world where roughly 90% of the world's earthquakes occur. (universetoday.com)
  • The finding could have a wide variety of implications for materials science and engineering, and could help researchers understand how earthquakes occur and how bad they might be. (wired.com)
  • The number reflects the chance an earthquake will occur in any given year, based on past records. (livescience.com)
  • This "ring" is actually an imaginary horseshoe-shaped zone that follows the rim of the Pacific Ocean, where many of the world's earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. (atimes.com)
  • Local geologists have been warning the state that if earthquakes greater than 5.6-6.2 were to occur having an epicenter near the "storage tank farms" that these tanks could not stand the strain and would rupture. (jpost.com)
  • A team of researchers has succeeded in creating an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm that can identify changes in the earth's crust that occur up to three months before an earthquake. (moneycontrol.com)
  • Most are smaller than the initial earthquake, but larger magnitude aftershocks can also occur. (mass.gov)
  • Earthquakes can happen at any time of the year and occur without warning. (mass.gov)
  • One exception though is that it may be actually possible for a human-induced earthquake to occur. (enotes.com)
  • Tectonic earthquakes occur when rocks in the earths crust break apart. (enotes.com)
  • Volcanic earthquakes occur when there is volcanic activity. (enotes.com)
  • There are ways to lessen damage that can occur when there is an earthquake. (enotes.com)
  • When the failure at the fault plane results in a violent displacement of the Earth's crust , the elastic strain energy is released and elastic waves are radiated, thus causing an earthquake. (angelfire.com)
  • This intermittent sliding motion mimics the intermittent fault slippage that characterizes the earthquake fault zones. (usgs.gov)
  • Compilations of information about significant earthquakes, swarms or sequences, and fault zones of interest. (usgs.gov)
  • [1] This energy is released as a combination of radiated elastic strain seismic waves , [2] frictional heating of the fault surface, and cracking of the rock, thus causing an earthquake. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body waves travel through the Earth, emanating from the earthquake focus, or 'hypocenter' (e.g., a ruptured fault). (rice.edu)
  • Millions of people are exposed to earthquakes because many of the most inhabited cities in the world are built on fault lines, like Los Angeles, New York, Tokyo, Delhi and Shanghai. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most natural earthquakes are caused by sudden slippage along a fault. (tulane.edu)
  • Earthquakes are triggered by a tiny additional increment of stress added to a fault already loaded almost to breaking point. (thedailybeast.com)
  • In Ohio, fracking triggered earthquakes on a hidden fault in ancient crystalline rock beneath a natural gas well in the Utica Shale, according to the study, published today (Jan. 5) in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. (livescience.com)
  • Earthquakes that started after drilling began outlined a small fault about a half-mile (about 1 kilometer) beneath two legs at well CCL2. (livescience.com)
  • Iran is located on several major fault lines and is prone to frequent earthquakes, some of which have been devastating. (rferl.org)
  • Analysis of fault scarps formed where the subhorizontal fault intersects the surface indicates that the fault has generated repeated large earthquakes. (enn.com)
  • The magnitude is based on the seismic moment of the earthquake, which is equal to the rigidity of the Earth multiplied by the average amount of slip on the fault and the size of the area that slipped. (enn.com)
  • If this is in a lab experiment, imagine what happens along an earthquake fault, which is a really crappy experimental system. (wired.com)
  • We argue that rotated fault-plane solutions in earthquake swarms at Kīlauea and other volcanoes worldwide provide an early indication that unrest involves magma of heightened viscosity, and thus real-time monitoring of the orientations of fault-plane solutions could provide critical information about the style of an impending eruption. (nature.com)
  • Fig. 1: Overview of Kīlauea Volcano, HV seismic network (inverted orange triangles), and locations/FPS showing fault orientation and sense of slip (beachball symbols) for 11 background-period earthquakes in LERZ. (nature.com)
  • Types of faults where earthquakes originate due to movement along fault lines. (physicscentral.com)
  • Sudden movement between layers of Earth near fault areas causes earthquakes. (physicscentral.com)
  • Adding fuel to the flames was the newly released information that an active 200km fault line --- probably caused by the Tohoku earthquake --- was discovered off Honshu's Kii peninsula. (zdnet.com)
  • In contrast to typical earthquake ruptures, which unzip a fault at miles per second, these tremors propagated at the leisurely pace of twenty to thirty miles per day before falling silent. (newyorker.com)
  • Vanuatu is on the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire, an arc of fault lines circling the Pacific Basin that is prone to frequent and large earthquakes. (ibtimes.com)
  • The underlying structure of a fault determines whether an earthquake rupture will jump from one fault to another, magnifying its size and potential devastation. (innovations-report.com)
  • Understanding why some earthquakes terminate along a fault, while others jump or step-over a gap to another fault, is essential to forecasting the seismic hazard of complex fault systems, such as the San Andreas Fault. (innovations-report.com)
  • He suggests that a smooth, gradual decrease in stress along a rupture results in slower rupture deceleration, less strain, less generation of seismic waves, and lowers the likelihood that the earthquake will jump to another fault. (innovations-report.com)
  • So we can prevent extra Earthquakes perhaps by not injecting waste into the fault lines. (enotes.com)
  • Earthquakes are catastrophic phenomenon caused by abrupt shifts in the earth's rock along fault lines. (enotes.com)
  • Reverse faults, particularly those along convergent plate boundaries , are associated with the most powerful earthquakes, megathrust earthquakes , including almost all of those of magnitude 8 or more. (wikipedia.org)
  • We can be grateful that the planet spared us any tremors of magnitude 9.0 or greater, the so-called megathrust earthquakes that result from subduction, when one tectonic plate moves violently beneath another. (newyorker.com)
  • Geophysicists have still not calculated the exact effect of this earthquake on the wobble, but they will as data from the quake and aftershocks are plugged into complex mathematical models developed for that purpose in the 1950s and early '60s. (slate.com)
  • Rescue teams in northwestern Iran are searching for survivors in the rubble of two strong earthquakes and several aftershocks that have killed 227 people and injured more than 1,300. (rferl.org)
  • Earthquakes are often followed by aftershocks, too, which can be large or small and may cause more destruction. (ca.gov)
  • Rubble fills the streets of Shanku, in Kathmandu, Nepal, in May, after an earthquake and a series of aftershocks triggered landslides that killed nearly nine thousand people. (newyorker.com)
  • Some native Southern Californians, however, developed earthquake phobias after the 1994 shaker, including Yoseya Taylor, 18, who said she ran under a closet doorway when the ground shook Monday night. (latimes.com)
  • A magnitude 4.6 earthquake shook Seattle and the Puget Sound region just before 3 a.m. Friday, according to the United States Geological Survey . (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • A powerful magnitude-7.2 earthquake shook central and southern Mexico but there were no early reports of major damage or casualties. (lasvegassun.com)
  • An earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 5.2 shook buildings in at least four states Friday, but apparently caused little or no damage. (latimes.com)
  • When the second earthquake came everything shook and I thought I might die," said Taiki Hishida, 38, who evacuated with his wife and two young children to a crowded shelter in Mashiki. (cnn.com)
  • Within days of the magnitude 7.9 earthquake that shook China's Sichuan Basin, floods became a hazard. (nasa.gov)
  • A 5.8 magnitude earthquake shook central Chile on Sunday and was felt in the capital of Santiago, but there were no reports of any damage, the state emergency office said. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • This week's chain of events began on Thursday when a 6.5 magnitude earthquake shook Japan killing nine. (atimes.com)
  • A 5.6-magnitude earthquake shook Mexico City Monday afternoon as residents were already on alert due to the possibility of a deadly swine flu epidemic. (redorbit.com)
  • The technique, called earthquake fingerprinting, helps find tiny quakes that are typically hidden in the toddlerlike scribbles of seismometer recordings . (livescience.com)
  • On Dec. 31, 2011, Youngstown experienced a magnitude-4.0 earthquake, the largest of 12 quakes clustered near an injection well in that area. (livescience.com)
  • Earthquakes can be so small they're unnoticeable and cause little or no damage, while major quakes can be accompanied by roaring and rumbling sounds, rolling ground, violent jolts, shaking and widespread damage. (ca.gov)
  • Although these quakes typically cause only insignificant or mild damage, larger earthquakes are possible, and could cause serious damage to buildings and public infrastructure. (mass.gov)
  • An earthquake (also known as a quake , tremor or temblor ) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth resulting from a sudden release of energy in the Earth 's lithosphere that creates seismic waves . (wikipedia.org)
  • In its most general sense, the word earthquake is used to describe any seismic event-whether natural or caused by humans-that generates seismic waves. (wikipedia.org)
  • This release of energy causes intense ground shaking in the area near the source of the earthquake and sends waves of elastic energy, called seismic waves, throughout the Earth. (tulane.edu)
  • Earthquakes are definitely a geologic hazard for those living in earthquake prone areas, but the seismic waves generated by earthquakes are invaluable for studying the interior of the Earth. (tulane.edu)
  • Earthquakes also send out energy in waves - seismic waves. (physicscentral.com)
  • In other words, cloaking an object from seismic waves means shielding important structures from the destructive waves caused by earthquakes. (physicscentral.com)
  • When an earthquake occurs, seismic waves radiate out from the epicenter. (reference.com)
  • A seismogram is a written seismographic record obtained from ground motions as a result of earthquakes or explosions in the form of seismic waves. (reference.com)
  • What are the relationships between Japan's geographic location, earthquakes and tsunamis? (atimes.com)
  • Experts from Tokyo University had released new information that suggested there was a 70 percent chance of a significant 7.0 or greater magnitude earthquake in Japan's capital within the next four years. (zdnet.com)
  • Earthquake hits Japan's Hokkaido island, in pictures The master of the ancient temple in Kyoto, Seihan Mori, wrote the symbol for 'disaster' in dark ink on traditional white washi paper to mark the vote. (yahoo.com)
  • Oil leaked from a Nippon Petroleum Refining Co. oil factory float at Shiogama bay, Miyagi prefecture, Japan, Saturday, March 12, 2011, a day after one of Japan's strongest earthquakes ever recorded hit the country's east coast. (theatlantic.com)
  • 8/24/12 - "Two separate geological studies suggest the earthquake hazard in the transboundary region of the Pacific Coast of North America - including southern British Columbia - is significantly greater than previously believed, with both teams of U.S. scientists urging heightened readiness for a future offshore "megathrust" event that could compare with the one that triggered Japan's catastrophe last year. (google.com)
  • A magnitude 5.7 earthquake rattled central Japan on Monday afternoon, the U.S. Geological Survey reported. (cnn.com)
  • Between 200 and 300 earthquakes are recorded by the British Geological Survey in the UK every year - but the vast majority go unnoticed. (sky.com)
  • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) confirmed that a 2.8 magnitude earthquake rolled through the Dallas area at 8:10am (CT) on Tuesday, December 30, 2014. (breitbart.com)
  • Can Oarfish Predict Earthquakes? (yahoo.com)
  • Can we predict earthquakes? (lanl.gov)
  • Scientists are researching ways to predict earthquakes, but their predictions are not always accurate. (42explore.com)
  • But seismologists and experts maintain that there is no scientifically established procedure to predict earthquakes. (hindustantimes.com)
  • His current work involves making computers work more like brains and using these neural systems to solve complex problems like which medicines will work for an individual and attempting to predict earthquakes. (radionz.co.nz)
  • The amount of displacement in a single slippage event is rarely more that 10 to 20 m for large earthquakes, but after many events the displacement could be several hundred kilometers. (tulane.edu)
  • Within the last 48 hours we have seen large earthquakes going off like firecrackers all along the Ring of Fire. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • And the number of very large earthquakes is at a frighteningly high level as well. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • People who were participating in a Holy Week procession stop and pray after a strong earthquake jolted Mexico City, Friday, April 18, 2014. (lasvegassun.com)
  • A strong earthquake rattled much of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada on Friday, shaking buildings in both nations, knocking out power and phone service in much of Quebec province and frightening thousands of people, authorities said. (latimes.com)
  • Turkey's western province of Izmir has been struggling against the spread of COVID-19, which witnessed a hike after a strong earthquake hit the region at the end of October. (yahoo.com)
  • nypost.com /2020/10/30/strong- earthquake -rocks. (yahoo.com)
  • www.nbcnews.com /news/world/strong- earthquake . (yahoo.com)
  • Rescue workers place a woman on a stretcher as they search for survivors in the rubble after earthquakes hit Changning county in Yibin, Sichuan province, China, June 18. (reuters.com)
  • This kit is designed to supply a 2-person team with instructions and supplies to conduct a search and rescue operation until qualified professional first responders arrive or in support of professional emergency help after an earthquake or other disaster. (amazonaws.com)
  • Three days after a massive earthquake that is now estimated to have registered a 9.0 magnitude, Japanese rescue crews are being joined by foreign aid teams in the search for survivors in the wreckage. (theatlantic.com)
  • This process of gradual build-up of strain and stress punctuated by occasional sudden earthquake failure is referred to as the elastic-rebound theory . (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists have now found a way to make buildings "invisible" to the destructive force of earthquakes. (physicscentral.com)
  • One of these faults triggered the most destructive earthquake ever recorded in the Rocky Mountains - the deadly magnitude-7.3 Hebgen Lake quake in 1959. (livescience.com)
  • Hugely destructive earthquakes are also relatively rare, which means that researchers do not have enough seismic data to train an AI to predict them. (moneycontrol.com)
  • Scientists believe there may be over a million earthquakes every year, but only a very few of them are destructive. (reference.com)
  • All that people can do about the earth quake is to take precautions to reduce the destructive impact of earthquakes when they do take place. (enotes.com)
  • The following checklist covers some basic points to consider in preparing for an earthquake which will help you recover more effectively in the aftermath. (score.org)
  • In the aftermath of an earthquake, these contingencies will prove vital activities ensuring that any damage to your business and resources are minimized. (score.org)
  • Hong Kong (AFP) - 14:12 GMT - AFP IS NOW CLOSING THIS LIVE REPORT on the aftermath of the Nepal earthquake, which has killed more than 2,400 people. (yahoo.com)
  • They told me that the warnings usually come after the fact, and that they'd taken hours to arrive after the Tohoku earthquake, meaning that when they were being warned of a big, impending earthquake, all they could say whilst watching the aftermath unfold was: "Obviously. (zdnet.com)
  • People walk through debris in the aftermath of a 6.3 magnitude earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, on February 22, 2011. (baltimoresun.com)
  • TEHRAN - An exhibition of photos by Amir Jalilvand revealing the aftermath of the devastating earthquake in the western Iranian region of Kermanshah opened Sunday at the Iranian Artists Forum (IAF) in Tehran. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Review your current data back-up procedures and consider contracting with a datacenter or collocation facility that is in a different part of the country (one not prone to earthquakes, hurricanes or any other kind of aggressive natural events). (score.org)
  • Architects and engineers take this into account when designing structures in areas prone to earthquakes. (enotes.com)
  • Japan accounts for about 20 per cent of the world's earthquakes of magnitude 6 or greater. (abc.net.au)
  • RAND research related to earthquakes, and the tsunamis that sometimes result from deep-water temblors, focuses primarily on mitigating their effects and improving emergency preparedness and response. (rand.org)
  • These subduction zones in the Ring of Fire are responsible for the world's biggest earthquakes, the most terrible tsunamis and some of the worst volcanic eruptions, according to Live Science. (atimes.com)
  • If an earthquake occurs in the ocean, it can create devastating tsunamis. (reference.com)
  • Earthquakes can cause power outages or tsunamis. (mass.gov)
  • Some earthquakes have anthropogenic sources, such as extraction of minerals and fossil fuel from the Earth's crust, the removal or injection of fluids into the crust, reservoir-induced seismicity, massive explosions, and collapse of large buildings. (angelfire.com)
  • View historic seismicity, find past earthquakes that meet your criteria. (usgs.gov)
  • The seismicity , or seismic activity , of an area is the frequency, type, and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here we present a detailed study of remote earthquake triggering in an area of active injection‐induced seismicity in northern Oklahoma using data from the LArge‐n Seismic Survey in. (usgs.gov)
  • Previous research had set the maximum expected earthquake size to be magnitude 7.5 (Richter), based on the relatively quiet history of seismicity in that area. (enn.com)
  • Give people thirty years to deal with the possibility of another earthquake, and the news can slip by more or less unnoticed. (zdnet.com)
  • Many had these symptoms at the beginning of the earthquake and they have intensified because they fear another earthquake will happen. (rcpsych.ac.uk)
  • Will Swansea be rocked by another earthquake, what actually is an. (topix.com)
  • Therefore, earthquakes lower the Earth's available potential energy and thermal energy, though these losses are negligible. (angelfire.com)
  • Earthquakes are caused mostly by rupture of geological faults but also by other events such as volcanic activity, landslides, mine blasts, and nuclear tests . (wikipedia.org)
  • Strike-slip faults, particularly continental transforms , can produce major earthquakes up to about magnitude 8. (wikipedia.org)
  • Earthquakes associated with normal faults are generally less than magnitude 7. (wikipedia.org)
  • Earthquakes result from rapid release of stored elastic strain in the lithosphere, usually in the form of sudden movement of portions of the Earth's crust along faults . (rice.edu)
  • Earthquakes can be generated by bomb blasts, volcanic eruptions, sudden volume changes in minerals, and sudden slippage along faults. (tulane.edu)
  • The ODNR now requires that companies install seismometers when drilling within 3 miles (5 km) of known faults or near an area that has recently experienced earthquakes. (livescience.com)
  • Smith said the probability of another magnitude-7 or larger earthquake on one of the major faults near Yellowstone is 0.125 percent. (livescience.com)
  • Damage has been caused by some of the larger events, including the M5.8 Pawnee and M5.0 Cushing Oklahoma earthquakes that occurred in 2016. (usgs.gov)
  • The 2016 M5.8 Pawnee, Oklahoma earthquake is the largest earthquake to have been induced by wastewater disposal. (usgs.gov)
  • The one earthquake which caused the most damage to my Mother-in-law's house occurred in early November, 2016, and was only 5.0 on the Richter scale, but its epicenter was very close to my Mother-in-law's house (1/2 mile or 0.8 km - between her house the the old Main Street of Cushing). (jpost.com)
  • CEA arrived at the million-policy milestone after unprecedented sales of CEA earthquake insurance policies in 2016 and 2017. (prweb.com)
  • In 2016 we rolled out more coverage choices, more deductible options and more affordable rates, and many homeowners are pleasantly surprised to discover how flexible and affordable earthquake insurance has become. (prweb.com)
  • Here is a list of earthquakes that have occurred since April 20, 2002, near Au Sable Forks, New York about 29 km southwest of Plattsburgh, NY. (columbia.edu)
  • Earthquakes can also trigger landslides and occasionally, volcanic activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • A powerful earthquake triggered hundreds of landslides on the Japanese island. (nasa.gov)
  • Earthquakes can also cause landslides, which can bury villages built on the sides of mountains. (reference.com)
  • Compared with two previous control periods, the rates of arrhythmias after the Chinese earthquake in 2008 increased sharply by 6 and 9 times, whilst researchers noted, that after the Japanese earthquake in 1995, systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased by 15-16 mm Hg and 6-10 mm Hg respectively for 2 weeks in elderly patients who were wearing ambulatory blood pressure monitoring devices. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • On January 16, 1995, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3 hit central Japan, devastating the western port city of Kobe. (abc.net.au)
  • Some think the earthquake that hit Izmit, Turkey in 1999 was this kind of deadly quake, but not everyone is convinced that supershear earthquakes actually exist. (wired.com)
  • KERMANSHAH, Sarpol-e Zahab -- Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei made a visit on Monday morning to Kermanshah province, western Iran, which was hit severely by a deadly earthquake on November 12. (tehrantimes.com)
  • RAND researchers Jonah Blank and Anita Chandra, as well as Margaret Traub, head of Global Initiatives, International Medical Corps, participated in a media conference call on Tuesday, May 5th, to discuss the recent earthquake in Nepal and the many facets of preparing for natural disasters and dealing with the outcome. (rand.org)
  • Dr Susan A Bartels and Dr Michael J Van Rooyen's review published Online First in The Lancet details the devastating health effects of earthquakes and the challenges posed by these natural disasters. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The Tokyo-Yokohama metropolis, with a population of 35 million, has the highest 'at risk' rating from natural disasters such as earthquakes of any of the world's 30 'megacities', the report said. (abc.net.au)
  • As you will see below, a magnitude 6.1 quake just hit Japan, a magnitude 6.6 quake just hit Australia and a magnitude 7.3 earthquake just hit Indonesia. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • A terrifying 7.3-magnitude earthquake has sparked panic after it rocked the remote Maluku islands in eastern Indonesia today. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • Indonesia generally is considered to the country with the most earthquakes. (reference.com)
  • Film producer Stanley Isaacs took a preparedness course and he and his wife were ready for the 1994 Northridge earthquake. (voanews.com)
  • TEHRAN - Earthquake preparedness in the city of Tehran is woefully 'low' and 'unacceptable', Ismail Najjar, head of the state-run National Disaster Management Organization said on Thursday. (tehrantimes.com)
  • TEHRAN - The 19th nationwide earthquake maneuver, aiming to maintain preparedness to deal with the unpredictable incident, was conducted in schools across Iran on Wednesday. (tehrantimes.com)
  • For more information on CEA policies and earthquake preparedness, visit EarthquakeAuthority.com . (prweb.com)
  • The word tremor is also used for non-earthquake seismic rumbling . (wikipedia.org)
  • The equal-largest earthquake recorded in Australia has hit off the Kimberley coast, shaking items off shelves and stunning local residents who had never felt a tremor before. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • Considering that all three of the friends I was talking with had been here during the heights of the Tohoku earthquake, a tiny tremor like this was absolutely nothing. (zdnet.com)
  • A rare few earthquakes have been associated with the build-up of large masses of water behind dams , such as the Kariba Dam in Zambia , Africa , and with the injection or extraction of fluids into the Earth's crust (e.g. at certain geothermal power plants and at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal ). (angelfire.com)
  • At the Earth's surface, earthquakes manifest themselves by shaking and displacing or disrupting the ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • Harder - An earthquake is caused by sudden, violent shifting of massive rocks called plates under the earth's surface. (42explore.com)
  • Do earthquakes affect the earth's rotation? (slate.com)
  • I used a model of the elastic properties of the Earth along with the seismically determined source properties of the earthquake to compute the change in the distribution of the Earth's mass caused by the earthquake, and hence its effect on the Earth's rotation, including the change in the length of the day and in the Earth's wobble," Gross told Explainer in an e-mail. (slate.com)
  • The international community has agreed upon having a network of seismometers to better understand earthquakes, volcanoes, and for purposes of detecting detonations of bombs. (physicscentral.com)
  • And while this is a good thing, it just shows how little we really understand earthquakes in general and what causes them. (enotes.com)
  • On November 12, 2017, at 18:18 UTC (21:48 Iran Standard Time), a major earthquake with the moment magnitude of 7.3 occurred in Kermanshah province, western Iran. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Italy has defended its rule-breaking 2017 budget to the European Commission, saying the migrant crisis, post-earthquake reconstruction and lower-than-expected growth were to blame. (euractiv.com)
  • The photo shows tents established to home people whose houses were partially or completely destroyed in a massive earthquake which hit the province of Kermanshah in western Iran. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Incredibly, that quake in Japan brought the number of global earthquakes of magnitude 6.0 or greater that we have seen so far this year up to a grand total of 84. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • Stuart Sipkin, a research geophysicist who has been studying the quake at the USGS's National Earthquake Information Center, doesn't dispute the calculation but urges caution until the model's projection can be confirmed with observed data. (slate.com)
  • The Sichuan quake was cited as the worst natural disaster to strike China since a 1976 earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan in eastern China, killing more than 240,000. (nasa.gov)
  • Because the earthquakes in the area are getting more and more intense, we know it is a matter of time until it falls down again in another quake. (jpost.com)
  • An article published by the nonprofit Asia Foundation in the days after the March 2011 quake noted that the national government was faulted for inadequate early warning , lax building codes and "unsuitable leadership in the relief and recovery effort" after the Kobe earthquake. (freep.com)
  • An earthquake simulator, which our group visited at a Tokyo Fire Department location, offered us a dramatic example of how the ground would shift during a quake, sending us scrambling to duck under a table. (freep.com)
  • This documentation gives a detailed account on the involvement of the government, army and civil society in the rescue and relief operations following the Latur/Killari earthquake of September 30, 1993 in Maharashtra, India and the Reconstruction and Rehabilitation of Gubal village which was completely destroyed by the quake. (peterlang.com)
  • Review new seismic hazard maps at earthquake.usgs.gov/research/hazmaps/ . (google.com)
  • Other health emergencies, such as overcrowding in makeshift shelters can lead to epidemic outbreaks of infectious diseases as people are being displaced from their homes after the initial earthquake response has subsided. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • That initial earthquake was a "foreshock" to the latest one, according to USGS. (cnn.com)
  • Latest earthquakes map and list for U.S. and worldwide. (usgs.gov)
  • Latest earthquakes map and list. (usgs.gov)
  • The Great Kanto earthquake on September 1, 1923, had a magnitude of 7.9 and killed more than 140,000 people in the Tokyo area. (abc.net.au)
  • For example, swarms of earthquakes in 2002 followed intense rainfall around Mt. Hochstaufen in Germany and the Muotatal and Riemenstalden regions of Switzerland . (thedailybeast.com)
  • Roman, D. C. & Cashman, K. V. The origin of volcano-tectonic earthquake swarms. (nature.com)
  • Karpin, T. L. & Thurber, C. H. The relationship between earthquake swarms and magma transport: Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. (nature.com)
  • Hill, D. P. A model for earthquake swarms. (nature.com)
  • This is ominous because a series of near-surface slow-slip events is now known to have preceded the calamitous Tohoku earthquake , in 2011. (newyorker.com)
  • The biggest earthquake to hit the British Isles for 25 years was centred on Market Rasen in Lincolnshire but was felt across the UK, with the most distant reports coming from Aberdeen. (sky.com)
  • The FT's Mure Dickie gives an eye-witness account from Tokyo on the biggest earthquake ever to hit Japan. (ft.com)
  • Japanese authorities battling to contain rising pressure in nuclear reactors damaged by a massive earthquake were forced to release radioactive steam from one plant on March 12, 2011 after evacuating tens of thousands of residents from the area. (theatlantic.com)
  • The largest earthquake rattled nerves in eastern Ohio but did not cause any damage. (livescience.com)
  • Those failures came despite the country's familiarity with earthquakes and may point to the challenges of remaining prepared for disasters. (freep.com)
  • The European Commission has defended its humanitarian action in Haiti, where an outbreak of cholera has killed at least 250 people following an earthquake in January that devastated the country's capital Port-au-Prince. (euractiv.com)
  • The Richter scale is used to measure the amount of energy released by the earthquake. (42explore.com)
  • The Canadian government said that the earthquake, which was measured at a preliminary magnitude of 6.0 on the Richter scale, was the most powerful temblor to strike the region since 1935. (latimes.com)
  • TEHRAN - Tehran metro can endure earthquakes measuring up to 8 on the Richter scale, director of Tehran Urban and Suburban Railway Operations Company said. (tehrantimes.com)
  • The Croatian government is struggling to mitigate the damage caused by a 5.5 Richter-scale earthquake on Sunday (22 March) and simultaneously, protect citizens from the coronavirus outbreak. (euractiv.com)
  • An earthquake with a magnitude of 5.5 Richter hit Croatia's capital Zagreb on Sunday morning, causing serious material damage and seriously wounding a 15-year old resident. (euractiv.com)
  • Scientists first identified subduction zones in the 1960s, by locating earthquakes in the descending crust. (atimes.com)
  • Nepal's extreme topography was certainly a primary reason for the destructiveness of the earthquake, which shoved a seventy-five-mile by thirty-five-mile block of crust about ten feet southward. (newyorker.com)
  • In 2019, 130 M3+ earthquakes occurred in the same region. (usgs.gov)
  • Looking at the entire globe, we have averaged 193 earthquakes of magnitude 1.5 or greater per day so far in 2019. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • Such earthquakes are called tectonic earthquakes . (angelfire.com)
  • The majority of tectonic earthquakes originate at depths not exceeding a few tens of kilometers. (angelfire.com)
  • There are different types of earthquakes such as tectonic earthquakes and volcanic earthquakes. (enotes.com)
  • If an earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause property damage, injuries, and even deaths. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Damage from earthquakes can also lead to floods or fires . (medlineplus.gov)
  • DYFI) collects information from people who felt an earthquake and creates maps that show what people experienced and the extent of damage. (usgs.gov)
  • Most of these earthquakes are in the magnitude 3-4 range - large enough to have been felt by many people-yet small enough to rarely cause damage. (usgs.gov)
  • The magnitude 7.1 earthquake that we witnessed back on July 5th did not cause an enormous amount of damage because it happened in a very remote location. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • Events over the last century have shown mining is just one of many industrial activities that can induce earthquakes large enough to cause significant damage and death. (thedailybeast.com)
  • All 30 houses in the epicenter of a 7.6 magnitude earthquake survived without any damage in Costa Rica. (treehugger.com)
  • The damage caused by the "great English earthquake" was extensive and in some cases irreparable. (sky.com)
  • It was the worst earthquake to hit Japan in 50 years, killing more than 6,400 and causing an estimated $100 billion in damage. (abc.net.au)
  • In a report published in 2004, German insurer Munich Re was even more pessimistic, saying a severe earthquake in the Tokyo-Yokohama area would kill hundreds of thousands of people, cause damage running into trillions of dollars and have global economic repercussions. (abc.net.au)
  • Azerbaijan also report feeling the earthquake but did not report any serious damage or casualties. (rferl.org)
  • Most of the damage we associate with earthquakes involves human-built structures: people trapped by collapsed buildings or cut off from vital water or energy supplies. (exploratorium.edu)
  • It might seem obvious to say that earthquakes do most of their damage by shaking the ground. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Because shorter buildings are stiffer than taller ones, a three-story apartment house is considered more vulnerable to earthquake damage than a 30-story skyscraper. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Cities near the epicenter might suffer a great deal of damage and loss of life, especially if the buildings aren't made to withstand earthquakes. (reference.com)
  • That's over a million homeowners, renters--and their families--who now can count on our great financial strength to help them recover from costly, potentially catastrophic earthquake damage. (prweb.com)
  • For information on retrofitting an older house to make it more resistant to earthquake damage, visit CEA's website or the Earthquake Brace + Bolt program website . (prweb.com)
  • in this question i am asking ways to prevent earthquake and damage caused by it. (enotes.com)
  • There are several ways that we try to minimize the damage to buildings and structures that fall victim to earthquakes, the biggest way is in the engineering of the structures. (enotes.com)
  • Earthquakes can also cause fires and flooding so the damage that they create is not from damaged buildings alone. (enotes.com)
  • There are many different specialized techniques available to prevent or, at least, reduce the damage to structures by earthquakes. (enotes.com)
  • A Kantō earthquake (関東地震, kantō jishin) is a megathrust earthquake occurring in the Kantō region of Japan that originate from slippage in the Sagami Trough. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the USGS , there have been 121 earthquakes of at least magnitude 4.5 around the world within the last seven days, and that includes the magnitude 6.1 earthquake that just hit Japan. (theeconomiccollapseblog.com)
  • Southern Japan has been hit by two serious earthquakes in a matter of days, and those back-to-back disasters may have a significant impact on the tech industry. (engadget.com)
  • Why is Japan battered so often by earthquakes? (atimes.com)
  • The very first earthquake I experienced in Japan was at Yoyogi Park. (zdnet.com)
  • Every major mobile network in Japan has simultaneous broadcasting services to send out early warnings when an earthquake is detected, and it is a mandatory requirement for all 3G phones out on the market. (zdnet.com)
  • A strange slow-motion earthquake was documented this year in the Nankai Trough, off the southeast coast of Japan, where the Philippine Sea Plate and the Eurasian Plate converge. (newyorker.com)
  • In the wake of the recent earthquakes in Japan and other places, it is imperative to stay up to date with the best practices for protecting oneself from earthquakes. (amazonaws.com)
  • Thursday's earthquake hit near Ueki city, just 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) away. (cnn.com)
  • A 6.4 magnitude earthquake was recorded about 21 kilometers (13 miles) north of Hualien late Tuesday. (cnn.com)
  • A major earthquake occurred 70 kilometers (45 miles) east of Adapazari or 170 km (105 mi) northwest of Ankara, Turkey at 18:57 local time on November 12th, 1999. (yahoo.com)
  • 1999-10-27 04:00:00 PDT SAN JOSE -- General Manager Lynne Meterparel on Wednesday unveiled the new logo, uniform and team name for the Major League Soccer team in the Bay Area, the San Jose Earthquakes . (sfgate.com)
  • Yet there have been two cases in which major earthquakes have been predicted. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Historically there have not been recent major earthquakes of this magnitude in this area as opposed to Peru and Chile that lie west of the Andes and have several historic major earthquakes such as the 8.8 one in Chile in 2010. (enn.com)
  • The frequency of major earthquakes in this region is not clearly known yet. (enn.com)
  • They are the three most densely populated cities on the planet where seismologists expect major earthquakes. (exploratorium.edu)
  • What about detecting major earthquakes? (moneycontrol.com)
  • A high magnitude major earthquake lasts for 10 to 100 seconds, which means that preceding signals should be observed 30 to 300 seconds before it takes place. (moneycontrol.com)
  • Many of us walk around laden with devices that compile data on our movements and interests - data that seismologists now want to help spot the next major earthquake. (newscientist.com)
  • The trauma first aid kit provides instructions and supplies for minor and major medical emergencies, including those trauma injuries associated with earthquakes and other severe disasters. (amazonaws.com)
  • The journal offers a forum for presentation and discussion of such matters as European damaging earthquakes, new developments in earthquake regulations, and national policies applied after major seismic events, including strengthening of existing buildings. (springer.com)
  • Earthquakes are major and powerful natural occurrences. (enotes.com)
  • Easier - An earthquake makes the ground move or shake. (42explore.com)
  • For instance, an earthquake of magnitude 6.0 releases approximately 32 times more energy than a 5.0 magnitude earthquake and a 7.0 magnitude earthquake releases 1,000 times more energy than a 5.0 magnitude of earthquake. (wikipedia.org)
  • Are You Ready for an Earthquake? (42explore.com)
  • Children 'duck, cover and hold on' in practices that remind all Californians to be ready for an earthquake. (voanews.com)