Painful menstruation.
Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)
A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.
An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.
Blood-filled UTERUS.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. The family is characterized by oppositely paired, usually compound leaves and bell- or funnel-shaped, bisexual flowers having a five-lobed calyx and corolla.
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE.
The mahogany plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic and in urinary incontinence. It has little effect on glandular secretion or the cardiovascular system. It does have some local anesthetic properties and is used in gastrointestinal, biliary, and urinary tract spasms.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.
A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398)
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Acquired and inherited conditions that feature DYSTONIA as a primary manifestation of disease. These disorders are generally divided into generalized dystonias (e.g., dystonia musculorum deformans) and focal dystonias (e.g., writer's cramp). They are also classified by patterns of inheritance and by age of onset.
Parasomnias characterized by behavioral abnormalities that occur during the transition between wakefulness and sleep (or between sleep and wakefulness).
Antimicrobial cationic peptides with a highly conserved amino terminal cathelin-like domain and a more variable carboxy terminal domain. They are initially synthesized as preproproteins and then cleaved. They are expressed in many tissues of humans and localized to EPITHELIAL CELLS. They kill nonviral pathogens by forming pores in membranes.
The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.
A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Deciduous plant rich in volatile oil (OILS, VOLATILE). It is used as a flavoring agent and has many other uses both internally and topically.
Common name for several daisy-like plants (MATRICARIA; TRIPLEUROSPERMUM; ANTHEMIS; CHAMAEMELUM) native to Europe and Western Asia, now naturalized in the United States and Australia.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Anethum graveolens L. is a plant species of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are considered as a spice (SPICES).
A plant genus of the family VALERIANACEAE, order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It is best known for the sedative use and valepotriate content of the roots. It is sometimes called Garden Heliotrope but is unrelated to true Heliotrope (HELIOTROPIUM).
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
An imprecise term which may refer to a sense of spatial disorientation, motion of the environment, or lightheadedness.
The sudden sensation of being cold. It may be accompanied by SHIVERING.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
An unpleasant sensation in the stomach usually accompanied by the urge to vomit. Common causes are early pregnancy, sea and motion sickness, emotional stress, intense pain, food poisoning, and various enteroviruses.
Tricyclic antidepressant with anticholinergic and sedative properties. It appears to prevent the re-uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin at nerve terminals, thus potentiating the action of these neurotransmitters. Amitriptyline also appears to antagonize cholinergic and alpha-1 adrenergic responses to bioactive amines.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.
A heterogeneous group of drugs used to produce muscle relaxation, excepting the neuromuscular blocking agents. They have their primary clinical and therapeutic uses in the treatment of muscle spasm and immobility associated with strains, sprains, and injuries of the back and, to a lesser degree, injuries to the neck. They have been used also for the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions that have in common only the presence of skeletal muscle hyperactivity, for example, the muscle spasms that can occur in MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p358)
Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.

Nitric oxide in the endometrium. (1/131)

Nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator of paracrine interactions, especially within the vascular system. It is a powerful inhibitor of platelet aggregation and a potent vasodilator. NO is also a neurotransmitter and it plays a role in cell-mediated cytotoxicity. NO-generating enzymes (nitric oxide synthases, NOS) have been described in the endometrium of a number of species, suggesting that NO might be involved in endometrial function. In human endometrium, endothelial NOS and inducible NOS have been localized to glandular epithelium in the non-pregnant uterus. Weak inducible NOS immunoreactivity has been observed in decidualized stromal cells. NO might participate in the initiation and control of menstrual bleeding. Furthermore, it may play a part in the inhibition of platelet aggregation within the endometrium, where menstrual haemostasis is thought to occur primarily by vasoconstriction rather than clot organization. Endometrially derived NO could also suppress myometrial contractility. Recent attention has focused on the part that NO might play in maintaining myometrial quiescence during pregnancy. NO also appears to relax the non-pregnant myometrium, an action which could be exploited for the medical treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea.  (+info)

Primary dysmenorrhea. (2/131)

Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as cramping pain in the lower abdomen occurring just before or during menstruation, in the absence of other diseases such as endometriosis. Prevalence rates are as high as 90 percent. Initial presentation of primary dysmenorrhea typically occurs in adolescence. It is a common cause of absenteeism and reduced quality of life in women. The problem is often underdiagnosed and undertreated. Women with primary dysmenorrhea have increased production of endometrial prostaglandin, resulting in increased uterine tone and stronger, more frequent uterine contractions. A diagnostic evaluation is unnecessary in patients with typical symptoms and no risk factors for secondary causes. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications are the mainstay of treatment, with the addition of oral contraceptive pills when necessary. About 10 percent of affected women do not respond to these measures. It is important to consider secondary causes of dysmenorrhea in women who do not respond to initial treatment. Many alternative treatments (ranging from acupuncture to laparoscopic surgery) have been studied, but the supporting studies are small, with limited long-term follow-up.  (+info)

High nocturnal body temperatures and disturbed sleep in women with primary dysmenorrhea. (3/131)

Primary dysmenorrhea is characterized by painful uterine cramps, near and during menstruation, that have an impact on personal life and productivity. The effect on sleep of this recurring pain has not been established. We compared sleep, nocturnal body temperatures, and hormone profiles during the menstrual cycle of 10 young women who suffered from primary dysmenorrhea, without any menstrual-associated mood disturbances, and 8 women who had normal menstrual cycles. Dysmenorrheic pain significantly decreased subjective sleep quality, sleep efficiency, and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep but not slow wave sleep (SWS), compared with pain-free phases of the menstrual cycle and compared with the controls. Even before menstruation, in the absence of pain, the women with dysmenorrhea had different sleep patterns, nocturnal body temperatures, and hormone levels compared with the controls. In the mid-follicular, mid-luteal, and menstrual phases, the dysmenorrheics had elevated morning estrogen concentrations, higher mean in-bed temperatures, and less REM sleep compared with the controls, as well as higher luteal phase prolactin levels. Both groups of women had less REM sleep when their body temperatures were high during the luteal and menstrual phases, implying that REM sleep is sensitive to elevated body temperatures. We have shown that dysmenorrhea is not only a disorder of menstruation but is manifest throughout the menstrual cycle. Furthermore, dysmenorrheic pain disturbs sleep, which may exacerbate the effect of the pain on daytime functioning.  (+info)

Leukotrienes in gynaecology: the hypothetical value of anti-leukotriene therapy in dysmenorrhoea and endometriosis. (4/131)

The lipoxygenase products (leukotrienes) have been demonstrated in many mammalian tissues including humans. They are widely distributed in the lungs, gut, uterus, kidneys, skin, heart and the liver. Their roles as mediators of inflammation have made them therapeutic targets. Significant amounts of leukotrienes have been demonstrated in the endometrium of women with primary dysmenorrhoea who do not respond to treatment with anti-prostaglandins. Also, in endometriosis, cytokines, which can initiate the cascade for the biosynthesis of leukotrienes, have been shown to be elevated. It is estimated that 10-30% of patients with painful periods fail to respond to prostaglandin (PG) synthetase inhibitors. Of adult females approximately 40% have painful menstruation and 10% of these are incapacitated for 1-3 days per month, and approximately 10% of women aged between 15-45 years suffer from endometriosis, which is a significant cause of infertility. Leukotriene receptor antagonists have recently been licensed for the treatment of asthma in the UK. In this review, we present the case for the potential use of these products in the management of primary dysmenorrhoea (especially in patients who are not responding to the traditional treatment using PG synthetase inhibitors) and possibly also in cases of endometriosis.  (+info)

Delayed oral estradiol combined with leuprolide increases endometriosis-related pain. (5/131)

OBJECTIVES: To determine if low-dose estrogen replacement can be added to GnRH agonist therapy after three months to reduce hypoestrogenic symptoms while allowing continued relief of pain in patients with endometriosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen women with endometriosis and pain were treated with six months of leuprolide acetate in a prospective, randomized double-blind placebo controlled study. After three months of therapy, six subjects initiated oral estradiol 1 mg daily, and seven received an identical placebo. RESULTS: Dysmenorrhea improved in both groups, and dyspareunia significantly improved in the GnRH agonist plus placebo group. The mean pain scores of the oral estrogen group tended to be higher than the placebo group, and hot flushes tended to be less severe with estrogen treatment. However, differences observed between the study and placebo groups did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: In a prospective, randomized study, low-dose estrogen replacement increases endometriosis-related pain during GnRH agonist therapy. The study was terminated after the first 13 subjects due to the concerning trend toward recurrent symptoms in women who received oral estradiol during GnRH agonist therapy for endometriosis-related pain. With the trend toward increasing pain with estrogen add-back therapy, a larger study would not seem to be justifiable.  (+info)

Relationship between endometriotic foci and nerves in rectovaginal endometriotic nodules. (6/131)

The histological relationships between fibrotic tissue, endometriotic foci and nerves in the rectovaginal septum endometriotic or adenomyotic nodule were studied. This is considered to be one of the most severe forms of deep endometriosis. Masson's trichrome staining for fibrosis detection and immunohistochemistry with the S100 monoclonal antibody for nerve detection were performed in 28 rectovaginal endometriotic nodules from patients presenting with severe dysmenorrhoea and deep dyspareunia (23 patients with no other endometriotic location or potential cause of pain at laparoscopy and ultrasonography; five patients with multiple pelvic endometriotic localizations and other potential causes of pain at laparoscopy). Patients were allocated to two groups on the basis of their preoperative pain scores for pelvic pain, dysmenorrhoea and deep dyspareunia (group 1, score >7; group 2, score < or =7). For each symptom, the mean number of nerves and endometriotic lesions per high-power field and the mean largest diameter of the lesions were not statistically different in groups 1 and 2. The mean percentages of nerves located within the fibrosis of the nodule and within endometriotic lesions were significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2. Among nerves located within endometriotic lesions, there was a significantly higher proportion showing intraneurial and perineurial invasion by endometriosis in group 1 than in group 2. In rectovaginal endometriotic nodules, there was a close histological relationship between nerves and endometriotic foci, and between nerves and the fibrotic component of the nodule. We postulate that such topographical relationships could at least partially explain the strong association between this lesion and pain.  (+info)

Prospective study of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and dysmenorrhea. (7/131)

Dysmenorrhea is a common gynecologic disorder in women of reproductive age. Previous studies have found an association between current cigarette smoking and prevalence of dysmenorrhea. This study investigated the association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and the occurrence of dysmenorrhea among women without a history of this disorder. The study population consisted of 165 newly wed, nonsmoking Chinese women (in Shenyang, China), who intended to get pregnant and who had no past history of dysmenorrhea at the time of enrollment. These women completed a baseline questionnaire interview upon enrollment and were prospectively followed by daily diary. Dysmenorrhea was defined as a diary recording of abdominal pain or low back pain for at least 2 days during a menstrual period. A subject's ETS exposure was defined as the mean number of cigarettes smoked per day at home by household members over an entire menstrual cycle before the menstrual period. A logistic regression model was used to assess the effect of ETS on the risk of dysmenorrhea, with adjustment for age, body mass index, education, season, area of residence, occupation, shift work, perceived stress, passive smoking at work, and occupational exposure to chemical hazards, dust, and noise. Generalized estimating equations were used to account for autocorrelations as a result of multiple cycles per subject. This report is based on 625 prospectively followed menstrual cycles with complete baseline and diary data. ETS exposure was reported in 77% of cycles, within which average daily exposures throughout the cycle ranged from 0.02 to 10. 3 cigarettes. The incidence of dysmenorrhea was 9.7% and 13.3% among nonexposed and exposed cycles, respectively. Among ETS-exposed cycles, there was a positive dose-response relationship between the numbers of cigarettes smoked and the relative risk of dysmenorrhea. The adjusted odds ratios of dysmenorrhea associated with "low," "middle," and "high" tertiles of ETS exposure versus no exposure were 1.1 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.5-2.6], 2.5 (CI, 0.9-6.7), and 3.1 (CI, 1.2-8.3), respectively. The findings were consistent with those of analyses limited to the first follow-up menstrual cycle from each woman. These data suggest a significant dose-response relationship between exposure to ETS and an increased incidence of dysmenorrhea in this cohort of young women.  (+info)

Influence of high intensity training on menstrual cycle disorders in athletes. (8/131)

AIM: To estimate the influence of intensive training on menstrual cycles in female athletes. METHOD: The questionnaire was used to determine the time of menarche, and the prevalence of primary and secondary amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea in 72 active female athletes from Zagreb (10 volleyball players, 18 basketball players, 10 ballet dancers, and 34 runners) aged between 15 and 21. The control group comprised 96 girls of the same age not engaged in any sports activity. RESULTS: The prevalence of secondary amenorrhea was three times higher in athletes than in the control group (p=0.037). The prevalence of primary amenorrhea was substantially higher in athletes than in the control group (6/72 vs. 0/96, p=0.014), whereas the prevalence of dysmenorrhea was twofold lower in athletes than in the control group (p<0.001). The highest prevalence of secondary amenorrhea was recorded in runners (14/31), particularly long-distance runners (11/17), whereas there was only one case of secondary amenorrhea among basketball players. Menarche was significantly delayed in the athletes who started physical activities before the onset of menstruation (13.8+1.4 vs. 12.6+1.0 years, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: High-intensity training before menarche postpones its onset. Type of training may be related to a significantly higher prevalence of secondary amenorrhea in runners than in basketball players.  (+info)

Hormonal Contraception: Although NSAIDs provide pain relief for a large percentage of patients with primary dysmenorrhea, 20% to 25% will fail this therapy.14 When NSAIDs fail or are contraindicated, or when contraception is desired, hormonal contraception is a viable and effective method for treating primary dysmenorrhea. Hormonal contraceptives treat primary dysmenorrhea by causing regression of the endometrium, shortening the time of endometrial proliferation, and limiting the secretory activity of endometrial glands. The most commonly studied hormonal contraceptive method for this indication is the combined oral contraceptive (COC) pill, but other methods, including the contraceptive patch, contraceptive ring, medroxyprogesterone injection, and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, are also endorsed by practice guidelines because of their similar mechanisms of action.3. A systematic review of 10 randomized, controlled trials concluded that low- to medium-dose (i.e., 20-35 mcg ethinyl ...
Menstrual pain is a common problem in young women and one of the the main reasons of short term absence from school or work. There is some evidence that acupuncture and acupressure might be successful in treating of menstrual pain. Compared with acupuncture, acupressure offers the possibility for women with menstrual pain to do self-care treatment at home. However, studies have been small and self-care acupressure had been only investigated in one study from Taiwan ...
Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common causes of pelvic pain. It negatively affects patients quality of life and sometimes results in activity restriction. A history and physical examination, including a pelvic examination in patients who have had vaginal intercourse, may reveal the cause. Primary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain in the absence of pelvic pathology. Abnormal uterine bleeding, dyspareunia, noncyclic pain, changes in intensity and duration of pain, and abnormal pelvic examination findings suggest underlying pathology (secondary dysmenorrhea) and require further investigation. Transvaginal ultrasonography should be performed if secondary dysmenorrhea is suspected. Endometriosis is the most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea. Symptoms and signs of adenomyosis include dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, and a uniformly enlarged uterus. Management options for primary dysmenorrhea include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal contraceptives. Hormonal contraceptives are the first
As many as 50% of premenopausal women regularly suffer from menstrual pain. Many of these women may be incapacitated for one to three days during each menstrual cycle. Primary dysmenorrhoea (PD) is where women suffer from menstrual pain but lack any pathology in their pelvic anatomy. A wide range of treatments are available and some of these, such as beta2-adrenoceptor agonists, have been used to treat women with primary dysmenorrhoea but their effects are unclear. Five studies involving 187 females with an age range of 15 to 40 years were included in this review. Oral isoxsuprine was examined in two studies; terbutaline oral spray, ritodrine chloride and oral hydroxyphenyl-orciprenalin were compared with placebo in a further three studies. All of the studies were conducted over 30 years ago and none were of high quality. None of these medications, other than isoxsuprine combined with acetaminophen and caffeine, were reported to have any beneficial effect. Side effects with these medications ...
Estimates indicate 50% of all women worldwide experience primary dysmenorrhea during or around the time of their period, and some prevalence rates indicate that as many as 90% of all women experience dysmenorrhea at some time in their lives. In the United States, it has been estimated that 100 million work hours are lost per year due to dysmenorrhea, which could translate into $2 billion in lost work productivity.. More than half of all women who experience primary dysmenorrhea indicate that their pain is moderate to severe in nature. Multiple treatments have been used throughout recent history to ameliorate dysmenorrhea, including herbal supplements, aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, prescription pain medications and oral contraceptives.. In keeping with our dedication to developing pharmaceutical agents to treat diseases and disorders of women, FemmePharma Global Healthcare, Inc. is pursuing research and development of novel drug compounds to treat both primary dysmenorrhea and ...
Dysmenorrhea is among the most common gynecological complaints. There are several mechanisms which initiate dysmenorrhea. Therefore, different compounds can be employed to control its symptoms. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen are highly used in modern medicine to relieve the pain in short-term therapy. This method is not acceptable for long-term therapy due to side effects. Our previous data showed that Fennel essential oil (FEO) could reduce the frequency and intensity of contraction of rat uterus in isolated organ models. Furthermore, the use of FEO is strongly recommended in traditional medicine for the relief of dysmenorrhea symptoms. Clinical study of FEO in primary dysmenorrhea showed that the essence reduces pain and some of following sequelae side effects noticeably.
Primary dysmenorrhea is a menstrual pain in the abdominal area that occurs on the first day of menstruation, and generally, it becomes gynecological problems in women. It occurred because there is an enhancement of PGF2α which can cause excessive myometrium spasm and lead to abnormal uterine contraction, which the levels of prostaglandins in women with a BMI more than normal (overweight) higher than women with normal BMI. This study was observational analytic by using cross-sectional methods. The population of this study is female students at Medical Faculty of Hang Tuah University Surabaya was aged 16-23 year old. The study was conducted in February 2014 with a sample size of 50 people were taken by simple random sampling technique. The data were collected by measuring directly on the respondents to determine the BMI and the presence of primary dysmenorrhea. The results showed that primary dysmenorrhea was 56% in women with BMI more than normal (overweight). From the results obtained ...
Dysmenorrhea (Painful menses). It can be defined as pain which is in relation to menses that is troublesome so as to disable a woman from performing her routine chores. Dysmenorrhea can be classified into primary dysmenorrhea where no underlying pathology can be demonstrated and secondary dysmenorrhea which has a definitive underlying causative pathology. On the basis of the character, dysmenorrhea can also be classified into spasmodic and membranous type. As the names suggest, the spasmodic type of dysmenorrhea involves severe pain which waxes and wanes in intensity with the contraction and relaxation of the uterus while the membranous variety has actual shedding of chunks of meaty portions of the innermost wall of the uterus called the endometrium. Very often dysmenorrhea is accompanied by a whole lot of symptoms such as giddiness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, fever, etc.. Remarks:. Excessive production of prostaglandins is one of the major causes for most signs and symptoms of ...
If youre not a fan of needles, you can try acupressure instead. Acupressure is similar to acupuncture in the sense that it also stimulates acupoints to promote healing. However, it does not use hair-thin needles but uses firm pressure to massage the acupoints. A study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology suggested that self-acupressure can reduce menstrual pain.. In recent years, the use of smartphone apps has increased rapidly, and many apps are used as a tool for various health problems and self-management. In the study, researchers from Germany looked at whether app-based self-acupressure is more effective in easing menstrual pain than the standard treatment.. For the study, the researchers recruited 221 participants who were then assigned to either a self-acupressure or a control group for six consecutive menstrual cycles. The control group received an app that provided information about the menstrual cycle, questionnaires, and a diary. Meanwhile, the acupressure ...
The study included 18 women ages 18 to 45 years who experienced menstrual cycles between 25 and 30 days. During days 7 through 11, nine of the women received an oral dose of 10 mg of ketorolac (Toradol®), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication that is prescribed for moderate to severe pain. The other nine women received a tampon coated with 10 mg of ketorolac. During the subsequent menstrual cycle, each of the women received the opposite treatment. The results showed that the medication delivered via the tampon not only did not cause significant side effects but it also provided at least ten times more drug to the uterine tissue than the same dose of the oral form. This indicates that a vaginal treatment approach for menstrual pain and cramping may be both more effective and safer than oral dosing. Since this was only a Phase I trial, women with menstrual pain and cramping should not be lining up at their pharmacies just yet. The promising results from this study, however, pave the way for ...
The purpose of the recent trial, the results of which will be presented at the 2009 American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists Annual Meeting and Exposition in November, was to determine if a new approach to treatment of severe menstrual pain and cramping could be effective. Because oral medications for menstrual pain are associated with significant gastrointestinal adverse effects, the investigators turned to a vaginal delivery system.. The study included 18 women ages 18 to 45 years who experienced menstrual cycles between 25 and 30 days. During days 7 through 11, nine of the women received an oral dose of 10 mg of ketorolac (Toradol®), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication that is prescribed for moderate to severe pain. The other nine women received a tampon coated with 10 mg of ketorolac. During the subsequent menstrual cycle, each of the women received the opposite treatment.. The results showed that the medication delivered via the tampon not only did not cause significant ...
Background: Dysmenorrhoea is a common gynaecological complaint that can affect as many as 50% of premenopausal women, 10% of whom suffer severely enough to be rendered incapacitated for one to three days during each menstrual cycle. Primary dysmenorrhoea is where women suffer from menstrual pain but lack any pathology in their pelvic anatomy. Beta2-adrenoceptor agonists have been used in the treatment of women with primary dysmenorrhoea but their effects are unclear. Objectives: To determine the effectiveness and safety of beta2-adrenoceptor agonists in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2011, Issue 8), MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and the EBM Reviews databases. The last search was on 22 August 2011.Selection criteriaRandomised controlled trials comparing beta2-adrenoceptor agonists with placebo or no treatment, each other or any other conventional treatment in women
It is well established that excess prostaglandin production in primary dysmenorrhea (PD) leads to ischemia of the uterine muscle, which consequently causes pelvic pain. A large number of drugs have been studied for pain relief in dysmenorrhea patients with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) being the most effective with the overall success rate of more than 75%. Oral contraceptive pills (OCP) are also an established treatment for PD with the success rate of 70%. Lately, OCPs have been used continuously in patients with endometriosis and had better pain control than traditional administration of OCP ...
This page contains the abstract Association Between Primary Dysmenorrhea and Pain Threshold at the Thoracolumbar Junction http://www.chiro.org/research/ABSTRACTS/Association_Between_Primary_Dysmenorrhea.shtml
There is insufficient evidence to recommend the use of many herbal or dietary supplements for treating dysmenorrhea, including, melatonin, vitamin E, fennel, dill, chamomile, cinnamon, damask rose, rhubarb, guava, and uzara.[1][31] Further research is recommended to follow up on weak evidence of benefit for: fenugreek, ginger, valerian, zataria, zinc sulphate, fish oil, and vitamin B1. A 2016 review found that evidence of safety is insufficient for most dietary supplements.[31] There is some evidence for the use of fenugreek.[32]. One review found thiamine and vitamin E to be likely effective.[33] It found the effects of fish oil and vitamin B12 to be unknown.[33] Reviews found tentative evidence that ginger powder may be effective for primary dysmenorrhea.[34] Reviews have found promising evidence for Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhea, but that the evidence was limited by its poor methodological quality.[35][36]. A 2016 Cochrane review of acupuncture for dysmenorrhea concluded ...
Primary dysmenorrhea is painful menstrual cramps without any evident pathology to account for them, and it occurs in up to 50% of menstruating females and causes significant disruption in quality of life and absenteeism. Current understanding implicates an excessive or imbalanced amount of prostanoi …
Methods for treating pre-menstrual syndrome and primary dysmenorrhea in humans by administering to the human a therapeutically effective dose of specific biologics are presented. The biologics of cons
Types of of Dysmenorrhoea. There are two types of Dysmenorrhoea.. Primary Dysmenorrhoea:-Primary dysmenorrhoea is defined as the presence of menstrual cramps in the absence of other diseases .It is the more common type of dysmenorrhea.Pain appears usually within one to two years after the onset of menses. Pain usually begins a few hours before or just after the onset of a menstrual period and can continue for one to three days. Pain is colicky in nature in the suprapubic region and back or may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Primary dysmenorrhoea occurs because of increased amount of prostaglandins secreted from endometrial during menses. The increase in prostaglandins leads to increased uterine contractions and decreased uterine blood flow that contributes to pain.. Non steroid anti-inflammatory agents are effective for treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea. They work by preventing formation of prostaglandins. These are taken 1-3 days before or if menses are irregular at the onset of menses ...
Primary dysmenorrhea is painful menstrual cramping in the absence of pelvic pathology (disease of the pelvis). The pain occurs only in relation to ovulation. The pain involves the uterus and can also radiate to the lower back and thigh area. The painful period can also be accompanied by sweating, tachycardia, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and tremors. Dysmenorrhea is more common in younger women, declining after 30 years of age. The symptoms are induced by the hormone prostaglandin and are mediated within the lining of the uterus (endometrium) that is the primary site of prostaglandin production during menses. The pain is thought to be caused by (secondary to) reduction in blood flow (ischemia), which accompanies the uterine contractions in menstruation. The treatment of primary dysmenorrhea includes prostaglandin inhibitors to reduce uterine contractions and intrauterine pressure. Common medications include fenamates, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Motrin, ...
To help expel the menstrual products, the body, under the influence of these hormones, produces substances known as prostaglandins. These substances enable the womb to contract to expel its contents. During a normal period, the contraction of the womb causes little pain that is not disturbing. The pain of dysmenorrhoea is however disabling. These are primary dysmenorrhoea and secondary dysmenorrhoea. In primary dysmenorrhoea, there is no organic or psychological abnormality in the woman. It is primarily due to the over production of a particular type of prostaglandin which causes excessive contraction of the womb. When the womb contracts excessively blood supply to the ceIls of the waIl of the womb is cut off for a longer period. This injures the cells, which respond with pain to indicate that something is wrong. Primary dysmenorrhoea normally affects adolescent women; that is after menarche when the ovulatory cycle becomes established. The pain of primary dysmenorrhoea can be intermittent, or ...
Abstract: Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea is menstrual which is pain, it reaches a peak within 48 hours to 72 hours. At the girl student has will feel symptom such as weak, pain around under stomach. Menstrual pain is felt by some women, it disturb activity very much. Because of menstrual pain the girl students can not go to scholl. Therefore to decrease menstrual pain by massage effleurage abdomen technics. ...
The cause of dysmenorrhea depends on whether the condition is primary or secondary. In general, women with primary dysmenorrhea experience abnormal uterine contractions as a result of a chemical imbalance in the body (particularly prostaglandin and arachidonic acid - both chemicals which control the contractions of the uterus). Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by other medical conditions, most often endometriosis (a condition in which tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue becomes implanted outside the uterus, usually on other reproductive organs inside the pelvis or in the abdominal cavity - often resulting in internal bleeding, infection, and pelvic pain). Other possible causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include the following:. ...
The cause of dysmenorrhea depends on whether the condition is primary or secondary. In general, females with primary dysmenorrhea experience abnormal uterine contractions as a result of a chemical imbalance in the body (particularly prostaglandin and arachidonic acid - both chemicals which control the contractions of the uterus). Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by other medical conditions, most often endometriosis (a condition in which tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue becomes implanted outside the uterus, usually on other reproductive organs inside the pelvis or in the abdominal cavity - often resulting in internal bleeding, infection, and pelvic pain). Other possible causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include the following:. ...
Fifth Semester, B. Pharm.. Dysmenorrhoea refers to pain occurring before or during menstruation. It is also commonly referred to as period pain or menstrual cramps. . It can occur at any age but most commonly observed in women 20-45 years of age. Primary dysmenorrhoea occurs when pelvic anatomy and ovarian function are normal and no exact cause can be found for pain. Secondary dysmenorrhoea describes pain due to pelvic pathology. Lower abdominal pain, pain radiating to back or thighs varying from minor to a severe cramping pain are general symptoms.. Prostaglandin is synthesized from cycloxygenase pathway in which the precursor is fatty acid so high fat intake during menstruation can produce high prostaglandin and cause more pain. To some women, thyroid disorder is also related with menstrual pain. During menstruation, prostaglandin synthesis occurs from endometrium, which briefly cuts off the supply of oxygen to the uterus causing pain and cramping. Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea can also occur ...
Applying heat to the lower abdomen or the back, wherever the cramps are most severe, relaxes the contracted muscle of the uterus. With the muscle relaxed, the blood vessels become less constricted. A hot-water bottle, heating pad or hot bath can help, especially when combined with massage of the area. There are also heat-producing patches which can be worn under clothing so you can apply heat while you go about your daily activities.. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen can also help provide menstrual pain relief. Ibuprofen works best when you take it as soon as bleeding begins. Avoid alcohol, smoking and caffeine. Regular exercise serves to prevent cramping, and gentle stretching may help once cramps have set in. If your cramps are especially severe, or last more than two or three days, see your physician so that he or she can check for other problems that can cause cramping, such as endometriosis or fibroids.. ...
There is disclosed a composition and method for reducing or alleviating the discomforting symptoms associate with menstruation, particularly menstrual pain. The composition is administered by topical or local administration to the uterus or vaginal tissues of a women in need thereof, and contains an omega fatty acid in combination with a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor. Preferred omega fatty acids include docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid, and preferred cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors include, ibuprophen, acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid. The composition may further include pharmaceutically acceptable carriers or diluents, and may be locally applied via intracervical or intrauterine application, or may be topically applied to the skin of the lower abdomen.
Menstrual Pain? Menstruation is a monthly occurrence for women in which the body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb), which is then passed through a small
Livia Menstrual Pain Relief Device (Blue-Green) by Livia at HQ Health Blogs. MPN: Livia-PR. Hurry! Limited time offer. Offer valid only while supplies last. The new solution for instant pain relief from your period - no more pills, no more nonsense. Getting your period sucks. For some of us it sucks a whole lot more. Weve been working on a high tech solution for years, and we couldnt be prouder to present Livia. Livia is the off switch for your menstrual cramps. Livia is a drug-free solution for menstrual
En keflex precio chile este artículo se explican las principales señales de alerta founder la detección. Farmaldea Farmacia en línea de México - Todos los medicamentos al mejor precio en un save lugar con servicio a domicilio tylenol or advil for menstrual pain. Los precios publicados en la página pueden variar con respecto a los publicados en tienda. La información y consejos citados de la Revista: Superama Sabor y Estilo, se difunden ido fines informativos yo recomendatorios. Wal Antimicrobial de México, S. de C. Pain relief: Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, and Nuprin) or naproxen (Aleve) are excellent drugs for menstrual cramps. They not only decrease the pain but also If you dont have these drugs, you can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) until you can get ibuprofen or naproxen. Heat: A heating pad or warm washcloth applied to the area. Do you get cramps during your period? Youre not alone. About 3 in 4 women are in the same boat, and it doesnt stop with just cramps. You could experience ...
Nobody doubts that green tea is healthy. However, if you drink it too much, you can experience abdominal pain caused by the cold nature of the tea. Excessive drinking of tea probably causes a common occurrence of menstrual pain in Japanese women. You do not have to give up drinking tea, because its beneficial effects are countless. Its cooling nature can be scaled down, for example, by slices of ginger. However, if you often feel cold in your limbs, during cold weather, in winter or during your period or if you are experiencing abdominal pain after ingesting cold foods, avoid drinking green tea. At least temporarily.. While a reasonable amount of exercise supports the movement of chi and blood, excessive physical exertion can make the pain worse. I remember that when I was in primary school, post-communist gym teachers thought that every pain could be endured and they didnt have the slightest understanding. I should note that most teachers were women, though most of them did not even look like ...
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View drug interactions between Pamprin Max Menstrual Pain Relief and Xanax. These medicines may also interact with certain foods or diseases.
During periods, most of us feel a little different from normal. Mostly accompanied by slight fatigue, pain, mood swings, nausea, etc, most females suffer from mild to severe menstrual pains
TEHRAN, November 12 -Infant girls who were fed soy formula had a greater risk of developing severe menstrual pain as young adults, according to a study of African Americans.
Burden of Menstrual Pain Measured by Heatmap Visualization of Daily Patient-Reported Data in Japanese Patients Treated with Ethinylestradiol/Drospirenone: A Randomized Controlled Study
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Coco AS. Primary dysmenorrhea. Am Fam Physician. 1999;60:489-496.. Dysmenorrhea. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/dysmenorrhea/hic_dysmenorrhea.aspx. Updated July 13, 2014. Accessed September 12, 2017.. Dysmenorrhea. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116170/Dysmenorrhea. Updated February 23, 2017. Accessed September 12, 2017.. Dysmenorrhea: symptoms. Family Doctor-American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/dysmenorrhea.html. Updated April 2014. Accessed September 12, 2017.. French L. Dysmenorrhea. Am Fam Physician. 2005;71:285-291. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0115/p285.html. Accessed September 12, 2017.. Menstrual cycle problems. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/menstrual-cycle-problems.html. Accessed September 12, ...
All three active treatments reduced menstrual cycle pain rapidly (within an hour) with minimal side effects, but acupuncture point injection with vitamin K3 in SP6 was found to be optimal, producing a greater clinical and statistically significant reduction in pain. One to two units on the NRS for pain has been described as clinically significant by studies designed to evaluate unit scores with clinical improvement.24 ,25 Acupuncture point injection with vitamin K3 provided rapid relief of severe as well as moderate pain due to dysmenorrhoea. Effective treatment can be administered in a high-volume hospital clinic and may be especially useful to women whose pain is unmitigated by other methods. No differences between groups were found on long-term effects, but at the end of the study, participants in all active treatment groups endured significantly less pain over a reduced duration and reported fewer activity restrictions, fewer hours in bed and the consumption of fewer drugs for menstrual pain ...
Dysmenorrhea, infertility, endometriosis! Endometriosis is one of the most common benign diseases in women of childbearing age. A conservative estimate of 10% women of childbearing age. About 50% of women with infertility are associated with the disease, and the incidence of women with pelvic pain is as high as 70%. First, what is endometriosis? Endometriosis, refers to the presence of active endometrial tissue outside the endometrium, the most common location of the ovary, pelvic peritoneum, etc.. Age is the age of endometriosis, 76% 25-45 years old, female fertility and birth incidence less late was significantly higher. The three major hazards of endometriosis are infertility, dysmenorrhea, endometriosis and chocolate cyst. Two, to be alert to these symptoms of endometriosis endometriosis: a variety of clinical manifestations, pathological changes, clinical manifestations are not the same, the most common symptoms are as follows: 1: dysmenorrhea dysmenorrhea is the most typical symptoms of ...
Dysmenorrhea: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on dysmenorrhea at PatientsLikeMe. 223 patients with dysmenorrhea experience menstrual cramps, fatigue, depressed mood, pain, and anxious mood and use Gabapentin, Ibuprofen, Cyclobenzaprine, Acetaminophen (Paracetamol), and Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine to treat their dysmenorrhea and its symptoms.
Purpose : To explore the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among senior high school girls in Perth, Western Australia, its impact on school, sporting, and social activities, students management strategies, and their knowledge of available treatment. Methods : A total of 388 female students in Grades 11 and 12 at three metropolitan secondary schools...
During the application of the AMMELTZ YOKO YOKO Heat Patch for Menstrual Pain, the painful area feeling warm and it helps to relieve my menstrual pain. I used in the morning before leaving my house to work. I also carry another pack of heat patch in my handbag during my menstruation. It is small, thin and odorless. Nobody notice Im using the heat patch when I attending events. :) Ill recommend this product to my girl friends and my female reader. The AMMELTZ YOKO YOKO Heat Patch for Menstrual Pain is currently sold at RM10.90 (for 2 pieces in a box) at nearest pharmacy such as Watsons,Guardian, Caring, other independent pharmacies. ...
Dysmenorrhoea or menstrual pain normally occurs to women that have reach puberty and when they start to menstruate. However, not all women experiences menstrual pain. As me, myself, im starting experiences this dysmenorrhoea a few months after my first period. The pain started a few days before you menstruate. But the most painful day is the first day of menstruate. First of all, it feels like crampy pain in my lower abdomen especially in my stomach. then, the pain getting worst till i cant bear it at all. Cold sweat, shaking are my best friend when the dysmenorrhoea started. the best way to reduce the pain is taking pain killer or any medicine contain paracetamol. (usually we call it as panadol) ...
(Natural News) Primary dysmenorrhea is the medical term for common menstrual cramps. This type of dysmenorrhea is associated with recurrent pain but is
NSAIDs are effective though one has to choose the one that is most effective to the patient.. Mefenamic acid is usually more effective than other NSAIDs due to its other modes of action.. Oral contraceptive pills are usually effective in about 50% of the patients, though this may have attitude issues.. If the cramps are severe then one can use NSAIDs together with hyoscine(buscopan).. Leukotrienes inhibitors like montelukast are also effective.. If NSAIDs fail then try using celecoxib or etoricoxib ...
To assess reduction in heavy menstrual bleeding and dysmenorrhea following MRI guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery (MRgFUS) of focal and diffuse adenomyosis up to 12 months post-treatment a retrospective cohort study was done at a tertiary care academic medical center for obstetrics, gynecology and infertility. MRgFUS for adenomyosis uterus was done for thirty-seven patients presenting with symptoms of heavy menstrual bleeding and dysmenorrhea with MRI-suspected adenomyosis. The main outcome measure, was reduction in heavy menstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea and Symptom Severity Scoring (SSS) over a 3, 6 and 12 month period. Secondary outcome was evidence of fertility preservation post procedure. DAgostino & Pearson omnibus normality test, one-way Ananova, Pearsons correlation coefficient analysis was performed on the data. Statistical significances, p-value and r-value were determined. Out of 37 patients who were treated by MRgFUS, 26 had sufficient follow-up to be included in the analysis. SSS calculated
Zingiber officinale R. rhizome (ginger) is a popular spice that has traditionally been used to combat the effects of various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ginger on pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea. This was a randomized, controlled trial. The study was based on a sample of one hundred and twenty students with moderate or severe primary dysmenorrhea. The students were all residents of the dormitories of Shahed University. They were randomly assigned into two equal groups, one for ginger and the other for placebo in two different treatment protocols with monthly intervals. The ginger and placebo groups in both protocols received 500 mg capsules of ginger root powder or placebo three times a day. In the first protocol ginger and placebo were given two days before the onset of the menstrual period and continued through the first three days of the menstrual period. In the second protocol ginger and placebo were given only for the first three days of the
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Looking for online definition of inflammatory dysmenorrhea in the Medical Dictionary? inflammatory dysmenorrhea explanation free. What is inflammatory dysmenorrhea? Meaning of inflammatory dysmenorrhea medical term. What does inflammatory dysmenorrhea mean?
TABLE-US-00002 TABLE 2 Assessment of dysmenorrhea and bleeding symptoms in 83 patients in 0-3 scale. Evaluated Before After symptom treatment treatment Compounds Pathology Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Myoma Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Endometriosis Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 1 Drospirenone Endometriosis Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Endometriosis Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 1 Drospirenone Myoma Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Endometriosis Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Myoma Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 1 Drospirenone Myoma Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Endometriosis Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Myoma Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Adenomyosis Ethinyl Estradiol Resveratrol Dysmenorrhea 3 0 Drospirenone Adenomyosis Ethinyl Estradiol ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Womens trouble: Every little bit hurts: Dysmenorrhoea & premenstrual syndrome. AU - McGuire, Treasure M.. AU - Wood, Charlotte. PY - 2007/11/8. Y1 - 2007/11/8. N2 - Doppler flow studies suggest that dysmenorrhoea (primary and secondary) is caused by frequent and prolonged uterine contractions that decrease blood flow to the myometrium, resulting in ischemia. The sequential stimulation of the endometrium by oestrogen (in the follicular phase) followed by progesterone (in the luteal phase) results in a large increase in endometrial stores of arachidonic acid, a precursor to prostaglandin production.. AB - Doppler flow studies suggest that dysmenorrhoea (primary and secondary) is caused by frequent and prolonged uterine contractions that decrease blood flow to the myometrium, resulting in ischemia. The sequential stimulation of the endometrium by oestrogen (in the follicular phase) followed by progesterone (in the luteal phase) results in a large increase in endometrial stores of ...
Thirty-nine randomised controlled trials involving a total of 3475 women were included in the review. A number of the trials were of small sample size and poor methodological quality. Results for Chinese herbal medicine compared to placebo were unclear as data could not be combined (3 RCTs). Chinese herbal medicine resulted in significant improvements in pain relief (14 RCTs; RR 1.99, 95% CI 1.52 to 2.60), overall symptoms (6 RCTs; RR 2.17, 95% CI 1.73 to 2.73) and use of additional medication (2 RCTs; RR 1.58, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.93) when compared to use of pharmaceutical drugs. Self-designed Chinese herbal formulae resulted in significant improvements in pain relief (18 RCTs; RR 2.06, 95% CI 1.80 to 2.36), overall symptoms (14 RCTs; RR 1.99, 95% CI 1.65 to 2.40) and use of additional medication (5 RCTs; RR 1.58, 95% CI 1.34 to 1.87) after up to three months of follow-up when compared to commonly used Chinese herbal health products. Chinese herbal medicine also resulted in better pain relief than ...
Menstrual cramps (also known as dysmenorrhea) are pains that occur in the abdominal and pelvic areas as a result of a womans menstrual period. The pain can vary significantly from woman to woman, with some cramps being relatively mild to others which are extremely severe.. Mild menstrual cramps are often barely noticeable, and usually only last for a few hours. In such instances, the main symptom is usually just a sense of bloating or heaviness in the stomach area. Severe menstrual cramps, however, usually result in significant throbbing pain in the lower abdominal area (and occasionally the lower back) which can interfere with a womans everday activities. In these cases, cramping can usually last for one or two days.. SIGNS & SYMPTOMS 1. Skipped menses or menstrual cramps are obviously a symptom of this problem. 2. Continued abnormality in menses is an indication of irregular menstrual cycle and irregular ovulation.. Causes of Menstrual Cramps In the reproductive cycle of a woman, the inner ...
Online shop for Solumiks Menocramp Tablets for treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome, Dysmenorrhoea which decreases uterine spasms, menstrual cramps etc.
Alternatively a Decoction made by boiling chopped ginger, cinnamon, cardamom and rock sugar(misri) in half a glass of water, for five minutes and consumed in regular intervals during the day, helps in congestion and cold. Helps relieve Head Ache: Dry ginger powder mixed with water, applied on forehead is said to help in relieving headaches got from cold and sinus.. - For Menstrual Pains and Cramps: Regular drinking of Ginger decoction in regular intervals throughout the day, during early days of menstruation, avoids painful dysmenorrhea and menstrual cramps.. Ginger Decoction recipe- To make ginger decoction, slice some ginger root and add to water in a teapot. Warm the tea pot till water is boiling, and concentrates a little. Sweeten with honey or drink it straight. -An aid in Circulation: Ginger like garlic supports a healthy cardiovascular system. It too makes blood platelets less sticky, and thins the blood, for better circulation. But it is not as effective as garlic. Ginger also is said to ...
Due to their menstrual cycle, women can experience dysmenorrhea, or menstrual cramps, and menorrhagia, or heavy menstrual bleeding. In the case of both...
Dysmenorrhea and Menorrhagia: A Clinicians Guide | Roger P. Smith (auth.) | download | B-OK. Download books for free. Find books
Purchase Mefenamic Acid Online. High quality Mefenamic Acid from trusted supplier. Affordable Price. Visa, Mastercard accepted. Ponstel is an anti-inflammatory drug used to treat primary dysmenorrhea and relieve of mild to moderate pain caused by periods in women.
Ponstel is an anti-inflammatory drug used to treat primary dysmenorrhea and relieve of mild to moderate pain caused by periods in women.
In the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial among 180 female students at Isfahan University dormitory aged 18 to 27 who suffered from primary dysmenorrhea, the combination decode expressed significant reductions in pain scores and pain duration scores in the groups that took SCA (P , . 001), in comparison to group who took mefenamic acid, used to treat mild to moderate pain ...
For Relief in Mild To Moderate Pain, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Primary Dysmenorrhea, Menstrual Periods, Toothaches, Backaches, Osteoarthritis, or Cold, Flu, Aches, Pains & Fever, Post-Traumatic Swelling, Fibrocystic Breast Disease, Bronchitis, Traumatic Swelling, Fibrocystic Breast Disease & Bronchitis ...
Wow… people are appearing from the mists of time to wish us well, thats amazing. You guys are awesome, thank you!. I guess I hadnt realized, in writing that last post, that not everyone was actually aware of what has been happening in our lives the last couple of years. I guess we didnt say all that much about it at the time, and people just thought wed gotten out of the habit of updating regularly. I dont want to be depressing or whiny and distract from whats happening right now, but maybe it would be good to provide a cheat sheet, so heres a rough timeline of whats been happening the last couple of years.. Summer 2010 - Our house decides it hates us, and Poe has some kinda nasty though not dangerous health experiences. June 2010 - Im diagnosed with primary dysmenorrhea. This is the beginning of a lengthy diagnostic and treatment process which to this day has not been concluded.. November 2010 - Michael and I get a horrible flu which I guarantee everyone in Cincinnati remembers as ...
Evidence-based information on Dysmenorrhoea in Medicines Current Awareness from hundreds of trustworthy sources for health and social care.
Evidence-based information on Dysmenorrhoea from British National Formulary - BNF or Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency - MHRA for health and social care.
Endometriosis is a gynaecological disease that causes chronic pelvic pain, most notably painful menstruation, as the most common complaint. Acupuncture is frequently used to treat both pain and various gynaecological conditions. This review examined the effectiveness of acupuncture for reducing pain in endometriosis; however only one study met our inclusion criteria. The data from the included study, involving 67 women, indicated that ear acupuncture is more effective compared to Chinese herbal medicine for reducing menstrual pain. The study did not report whether participants suffered any side effects from their treatments. Larger, well‐designed studies comparing acupuncture with conventional therapies are necessary to confirm these results.
A study conducted by Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has determined that the use of moxibustion at specific days during a womans menstrual cycle can decrease pain associated with menstruation. Dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation is a big problem for many women. This study used moxibustion, an accessory modality of TCM, to treat the pain associated with menstruation. The study and its systematic review showed moxibustion treatments were more effective at relieving pain only when the moxibustion began prior to the onset of actual menstruation. This is also the theory behind Traditional Chinese Medicine, that it should be used as preventive care. The efficacy of using moxibustion during the premenstrual time period holds great promise for those who are debilitated by dysmenorrhea. continue reading ». Moxibustion and Dysmenorrhea was last modified: January 27th, 2020 by admin. ...
TCM AND ENDOMETRIOSIS. According to the theories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), endometriosis is known as menstrual pain due to its symptoms. It is not categorised as a disease in TCM, and is described as a blood stasis syndrome with formation of abdominal lumps.. Blood stasis is a condition where small vessels are not capable of carrying blood flow normally. It is the cause of severe pain, especially in the lower abdomen during your menstruation, and is believed to be responsible for cases of excessive menstrual bleeding and infertility. Those with blood stasis have abnormal blood flow, which may trigger a negative response from the immune system due to the endometrial cells growing outside the uterus.. HOW CAN TCM HELP Blood stasis is said to be related to a stagnant qi (which restricts blood circulation), and kidney yang deficiency (which affects metabolism). Thus, TCM can ease endometriosis by using:. ...
Apart from menstrual pain, women with fibroids may also report intermittent or persistent pain and discomfort. Fibroids also can uterine fibroids cause pain after menopause cause infertility if they obstruct the uterine cavity or the entrance into the uterus from the fallopian tubes. Fibrocystic breast condition is most common among women between the ages of 30 and 50, although women younger than 30 may also have fibrocystic breasts. So I guess my biggest fear is that even after having surgery I still cant conceive or they realise the fibroids are so bad they have to do a hysterectomy.
1. Wind-damp arthralgia, numbness of hands and feet, paralysis. This herb is neither dry nor drastic. It tends to move without breaking and tonify blood without stagnant. It is indicated for irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and unsmooth menstruating caused by blood stasis or deficiency through combinations especially for stasis with blood deficiency. It is respectively combined with blood-activating and blood tonics and menstruation-regulating herbs according to deficiency or excess syndromes. For irregular menstruation, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea due to stasis, it is combined with blood-activating and menstruation-regulating herbs such as Chuan Xiong, Dan Shen and Hong Hua, etc. For irregular menstruation, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea due to blood deficiency, it is combined with blood-tonifying and menstruation-regulating herbs such as Dang Gui, Shu Di and Bai Shao, etc.. 2. Wind-damp arthralgia, numbness of hands and feet, paralysis. This herb can both move and tonify blood ...
By Chris D. Meletis, N.D.. If you dread that time of the month because of menstrual cramps, youre not alone. Menstrual pain-what doctors call dysmenorrhea-is common. And in up to 20% of women its so severe that it interferes with daily activities.1 But menstrual cramps dont have to bring you down. There are some effective ways to overcome the pain. In this article, Ill describe some strategies I have used with my patients to provide natural menstrual pain relief. These strategies are based upon the latest scientific evidence. First, though, its important to touch upon what causes menstrual cramps in the first place.. What Causes Pain During Your Period?. When youre menstruating, your uterus is eliminating its lining. To do this it must contract and its this contraction that causes the pain and discomfort during your period. There are also some health concerns that can cause painful periods such as endometriosis.. Not every woman has bad cramps. Chemical messengers in your body called ...
Adolescence is a very delicate phase of life where there are changes at every level body, hormonal and emotional level. This is the time where a girl achieves a new milestone of her life that is menstruation. It is supposed to be as natural as possible. In initial months mild to moderate discomfort and pain is expected but this pain gradually resolves as age increases. If it does not then one needs proper medical care for it. We have many pain killers available in market for menstrual pain and lot of women do hamper their bodies with such strong chemicals which may harm other body parts. Instead of hampering your body with harmful chemical pamper yourself with natural, delicate homeopathic medications which will help in stimulating your threshold levels thus decreasing cramps, pains, mood swings also other related problems like vomiting, pain in breast etc. ...
Get Ponstel is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It is used to treat pain or inflammation caused by arthritis. It is also used to treat menstrual pain.. Ponstel (Mefenamic Acid 250/500mg) £0.48 pill - Womens Health, Anti-inflammatories, Arthritis, Analgesics @ Achat Medicament En Suisse En ligne - Sans Ordonnance. Acheter Medicament Sans Ordonnance en ligne en Suisse, en France, en Belgique.
Amy: Like so many other people in the holistic health field, my work was born out of a personal experience (several in fact!) that led me to natural birth control and healing of my decade-long menstrual problems. In 2005 I experienced side effects from hormonal contraception that caused me to produce an excess amount of breastmilk. My daughter was only a few months old at the time and the milk was coming out so quickly that she was choking every time she tried to nurse. So for the first time in my adult life I was forced to explore non-hormonal forms of contraception. I discovered the Justisse Method of Fertility Management, and not only did it provide me with effective, natural contraception but I also began healing menstrual pain and irregularities that I had been suffering with since my early teens. I was so astounded at the ways my physical, mental and emotional health were changing that I decided I wanted to share this gift with others. I enrolled in a training program to become a Fertility ...
Ketoprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Ketoprofen works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. Ketoprofen is used to treat pain or inflammation caused by arthritis. The ketoprofen regular capsule is also used to treat mild to moderate pain, or menstrual pain. Only...
One natural remedy that can be made from the plants and herbs in your natural herb yard is a frustration pain reliever called Echinacea. Echinacea can be taken a number of times a day, as advised by an herbalist. Consuming 2 or 3 Echinacea pills twice a day can alleviate extreme headaches and also other types of migraines. Various other home remedies for headaches include drinking natural tea made with burdock, kava, or peppermint. Peppermint tea has actually been known to help reduce the strength of menstrual pains, nausea or vomiting and also vomiting and other typical morning health issues symptoms. If youre searching for natural ways to treat queasiness and various other stomach problems, you may wish to try consuming herbal tea made from ginger, a natural herb that is well-known for its medical buildings. Home Remedies Nausea. When it concerns extra chronic disorders and also conditions, there are numerous home remedies to think about. For instance, there are a number of excellent herbs ...
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Where To Buy Ponstel Generic. Ponstel (Mefenamic acid), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, used for the relief of moderate pain (when treatment will not last for more than 7 days) and for the treatment of menstrual pain. Generic Ponstel may also be marketed as Ponstan, Mefenamic acid ...
Generic Ponstel is in a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Generic Ponstel is used for treating menstrual pain. It may be used for short term (not more than 7 days) treatment of mild to moderate pain.
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Take Naprosyn exactly as prescribed by your doctor. The recommended adult dose for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis ranges from 250 mg to 500 mg twice daily. Take naproxen with food or milk. The dose of naproxen for children treated for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is based on body weight. The recommended dose is given in 2 divided doses every 12 hours. When used to treat pain or muscle and skeletal injuries, the usual recommended adult dose is 250 mg 2 or 3 times a day. For treatment of menstrual pain and cramps, the recommended first dose is 500 mg followed by 250 mg every 6 to 8 hours as needed. No more than 1,250 mg should be taken in one day ...
Aspirin. Container of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) tablets, and a thermometer. These are two important tools in the fight against fever. The thermometer to measure elevated body temperature; aspirin as a common pain reliever and drug used to reduce fever. This analgesic drug has an anti- inflammatory action and is also useful in treating headache, menstrual pain and muscle discomfort. In small doses aspirin prevents thrombosis (abnormal blood clots) in patients at risk of having a stroke or heart attack. - Stock Image M630/0045
Post Menopause Yeast Post Menopause Yeast Infections Home Remedies For Penile Yeast Infection Doylestown Pa Video Game Store; Post Menopause Yeast and early in 2011 I I had my period almost 2 weeks As with many types of cancer cervical cancer is more likely to be successfully treated if it is detected early. Menopause Comedy Vegas Length Flashes Hot estrogen refers to a group of hormones that play an essential a condition in which the ovaries produce little or no Hormone-containing intrauterine device. Clomid; Serophene; Available ovulation (including using clomiphene) of hormone changes caused by clomiphene; Unusual vaginal bleedingSome irregular vaginal A period called perimenopause usually begins a few years before the last menstrual Again for Ver ms soe Salud Fiomialgia y Autismo What causes menstrual cramps? Menstrual pain is caused by the release of prostaglandins The happy menopause pill: the dose and even the age you take it can prevent the worrying side-effects DHEA is synthesised from ...
Lets make a New Years resolution together: eat more turmeric! Why? Because this humble little rhizome is a super food with serious superpowers.. Turmeric is a rhizome that comes from the Curcuma longa plant, with brown skin and shockingly bright orange flesh. Its this pigment that gives curry powder its distinctive hue, and ballpark mustard that famous yellow glow. Curcumin, the primary ingredient in turmeric that is responsible for its golden colour, has important antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and healing properties. It protects the liver form toxins and congestion, lowers cholesterol, reduces menstrual pain, and even helps soothe an upset tummy by aiding digestion and ridding the system of gas and distention.. Turmeric also speeds up the healing of wounds, both on the inside and out! To make an effective pain killer and cut healer, simply mix one teaspoon of ground turmeric powder with enough ghee, olive oil or coconut oil to make a paste and spread over the cut. Adding grated ginger to ...
Help workers weather tough days with Medique Products 48850 Aleve naproxen sodium 220mg tablets. These all-day pain relievers treat muscle strain, minor arthritis or joint pain, and backaches in warehouses and on factory floors, and they also ease headaches and menstrual pain. 12 hours of pain
Yoga helps you in being positive, supportive surroundings with others. Activities that enhance your threat of falling, equivalent to horse driving, snowboarding, gymnastics and biking, are also not recommended. A metallic taste within the mouth is one of the weirder pregnancy symptoms, but in addition one of the crucial frequent. Interverteal disc peak modifications after weight reduction in morbidly overweight patients and its impact on quality of life in radicular and low back ache. In addition, you might be already experiencing increased fatigue, which can make the menstrual pain seem even worse. At 48, he was the patriarch fauses a brood of sons, daughters-in-legislation, and grandchildren. Know about six practical methods to induce sleep throughout pregnancy. Your month-to-month interval stops as ovary cauees producing eggs every month. Your healthcare supplier will probably administer a glucose take a look at sooner or later during this trimester, causes of lack of sleep in pregnancy in ...
In the United States, chamomile is popularly known as an ingredient in herbal tea preparations usually advertised for its mild sedating effects. The sedative properties of chamomile are used in sleep disorders and as a muscle relaxant in the treatment of such illnesses as menstrual pain, neuralgia, tooth ache and tension headaches. Taking Chamomile Tea before going to bed has long been used to induce sleep in children as well as in adults and promotes a very deep, relaxed, and restful sleep. Aside from aiding in the treatment of insomia, the flower essence of Chamomile is known to relieve stress, tension, anxiety, and depression among others ...
In addition to musculoskeletal problems, chiropractic treatments have also been shown to benefit many individuals suffering from medical ailments such as chronic ear infections in children, menstrual pain and irregularities in women, and arthritis in the elderly. Although chiropractic care is not a specific form of treatment for such conditions, research has shown that many medical conditions can be caused or aggravated by irritation to spinal nerve roots which share an intimate relationship with the spinal structures. By restoring proper nerve functioning by normalizing spinal structure and function, we believe some individuals suffering from these medical ailments can obtain partial and in some cases, full relief. Non-musculoskeletal conditions which studies have shown benefit from chiropractic: ...
Lachesis is derived from vernon of alchesis snake. It is believe that lachesis is best used to treat symptoms induced by the venom. It is used to treat symptoms of nervous tension and congestive menstrual pain caused by blood stagnation in the body.
Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana, is nutrient dense herb support for Aches & Pains, Headaches, Skin Health, Digestion, Hemorrhoids, Menstrual pain & Sore Throat

No data available that match "dysmenorrhea"


Dysmenorrhea is associated with increased pain sensitivity and heavy menstrual bleeding. Dysmenorrhea can be classified as ... Primary dysmenorrhea occurs without an associated underlying condition, while secondary dysmenorrhea has a specific underlying ... Genetic factors, stress and depression are risk factors for dysmenorrhea. The underlying mechanism of primary dysmenorrhea is ... Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecological conditions, regardless of age or race. It is one of the most frequently ...
Dysmenorrhoea (pl); Dismenoreja (sh); ଋତୁଶୂଳ (or); ایام کا درد (ur); Đau bụng kinh (vi); سووڕی ژاناوی (ckb); dysmenorrhea (en ... Media in category "Dysmenorrhea". The following 6 files are in this category, out of 6 total. ... Dysmenorrhea, 生理痛, 痛经 (zh); Menstrualni grč, Menstrualni bol (sr); Primer dismenore, Sekonder dismenore (tr); Mensvärk, ... Dysmenorre, Mensverk (sv); Bolesne miesiączkowanie (pl); Menstruatiepijn (nl); Dysmenorrhoea, Algomenorrea, kuukautiskipu, ...
WebMD explains menstrual cramps, which can simply be a tightening of the muscles of the uterus or a symptom of a disorder of the reproductive organs.
... studies have found obesity and alcohol consumption to be associated with dysmenorrhea.{ref10}{ref11}{ref12} Physical activity ... Drugs & Diseases , Obstetrics & Gynecology , Dysmenorrhea Q&A How do obesity and alcohol affect dysmenorrhea?. Updated: Sep 23 ... encoded search term (How do obesity and alcohol affect dysmenorrhea?) and How do obesity and alcohol affect dysmenorrhea? What ... Dysmenorrhea, endometriosis and pelvic pain. Lemeke DP, Pattison J, Marshall LA, Cowley DS, eds. Primary Care of Women. Norwalk ...
Secondary dysmenorrhea may be caused by abnormal conditions such as endometriosis ... Primary dysmenorrhea is a normal cramping of the lower abdomen caused by hormone-induced uterine contractions before the period ... Primary dysmenorrhea is a normal cramping of the lower abdomen caused by hormone-induced uterine contractions before the period ... Secondary dysmenorrhea may be caused by abnormal conditions such as endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease. Unless one of ...
Ask questions and get answers about Dysmenorrhea. Our support group helps people share their own experience. 13 questions, 9 ... A patient complained of violent dysmenorrhea. What could be the cause and solution?. Posted 23 Nov 2012 • 3 answers ... Join the Dysmenorrhea group to help and get support from people like you. ... Our support group for Dysmenorrhea has 13 questions and 9 members. Updated 15 Sep 2016. ...
Clinical features of primary dysmenorrhea include the following: Onset shortly after menarc... more ... Primary dysmenorrhea should be distinguished from secondary dysmenorrhea on the basis of clinical features. ... Drugs & Diseases , Obstetrics & Gynecology , Dysmenorrhea Q&A What are the clinical features of primary dysmenorrhea?. Updated ... Primary dysmenorrhea should be distinguished from secondary dysmenorrhea on the basis of clinical features. Clinical features ...
Care guide for Dysmenorrhea. Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and ... How is dysmenorrhea diagnosed?. Your healthcare provider can usually diagnose dysmenorrhea by your signs and symptoms. Tell him ... How is dysmenorrhea treated?. Dysmenorrhea can be controlled with lifestyle changes and medicines. It usually improves with age ... What is dysmenorrhea?. Dysmenorrhea is painful menstrual cramps at or around the time of your monthly period. ...
Dysmenorrhea is estimated to affect approximately 25% of women.[43] Reports of dysmenorrhea are greatest among individuals in ... Primary dysmenorrhea occurs without an associated underlying condition, while secondary dysmenorrhea has a specific underlying ... Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.[1][2] Its usual onset occurs ... Dysmenorrhea occurs less often in those who exercise regularly and those who have children early in life.[1] Treatment may ...
Dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods) Clinical Research Trial Listings in Endocrinology Hematology Neurology Obstetrics/Gynecology ( ... Dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods) Clinical Trials. A listing of Dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods) medical research trials actively ... One out of every five of those women in turn will develop chronic pelvic pain (CPP), yet women without dysmenorrhea rarely ... Assess the relief of the symptoms associated to dysmenorrhea a specific survey was elaborated that also included a Visual ... ...
Primary dysmenorrhea is painful menstrual cramps without any evident pathology to account for them, and it occurs in up to 50% ... Primary dysmenorrhea: advances in pathogenesis and management Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Aug;108(2):428-41. doi: 10.1097/01.AOG. ... Primary dysmenorrhea is painful menstrual cramps without any evident pathology to account for them, and it occurs in up to 50% ... An algorithm is provided for a simple approach to the management of primary dysmenorrhea. ...
For about three years I have had severe menstrual cramps. It gets so bad that I cant even walk or stand up. I usually throw up, get chills, diarrhea, nausea, dizziness.
223 patients with dysmenorrhea experience menstrual cramps, fatigue, depressed mood, pain, and anxious mood and use Gabapentin ... Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on dysmenorrhea at PatientsLikeMe. ... and Amphetamine-Dextroamphetamine to treat their dysmenorrhea and its symptoms. ... What is dysmenorrhea?. Dysmenorrhea is uterine pain that may occur with menses or precede menses by 1 to 3 days. It can be can ...
Dysmenorrhea. What is a painful period? Painful periods are menstrual periods with severe and frequent cramps and pain. They ...
A wide variety of dysmenorrhea relief patch options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. ... Alibaba.com offers 557 dysmenorrhea relief patch products. About 74% of these are other healthcare supply. ... Tags: Relief Dysmenorrhea Warm Uterus Patch , Large Output Oem Manufacturer Relief Dysmenorrhea Warm Uterus Patch , ... Tags: Best Quality Warmer Pad Relief Women Dysmenorrhea Pain Heat Patch , Warmer Pad , Relief Women Dysmenorrhea Pain Heat ...
PubMed journal article Membranous dysmenorrhea: the forgotten entit were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to ... Membranous dysmenorrhea: a complication of treatment for endometriosis.. *Spontaneous Membranous Dysmenorrhea in an Adolescent ... "Membranous Dysmenorrhea: the Forgotten Entity." Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 85, no. 5 Pt 2, 1995, pp. 891-2. ... Membranous dysmenorrhea - a forgotten disease].. *Comparison of efficacy, cycle control, and tolerability of two low-dose oral ...
The congressmans dysmenorrhea. By: Rina Jimenez-David - @inquirerdotnet Philippine Daily Inquirer / 05:06 AM October 03, 2018 ... TAGS: Aniceto Bertiz, At Large, dysmenorrhea, Maria Ressa, Rina Jimenez-David, weaponizing the internet ... For many years, I was beset with dysmenorrhea, the scientific term for painful periods or menstrual cramps. Sometimes, it would ... Today, medical literature says dysmenorrhea is "thought to be caused by excessive levels of prostaglandins, hormones that make ...
... Deborah A. Sturpe, PharmD, MA, BCPS. Associate Professor. Department of Pharmacy ... 7 Other risk factors for primary dysmenorrhea include heavy or prolonged menstrual flow, family history of dysmenorrhea, ... Dysmenorrhea is the most common menstrual complaint in the United States, impacting more than 50% of women over the course of ... Dysmenorrhea typically presents as crampy pain along the midline of the lower abdomen.3,4 Pain may be accompanied by complaints ...
Treatment Choice in Primary Dysmenorrhea. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study ... Primary Dysmenorrhea Drug: estradiol valerate/dienogest Drug: ethinylestradiol and drospirenone Phase 4 ... Dysmenorrhea. Menstruation Disturbances. Pathologic Processes. Pelvic Pain. Pain. Neurologic Manifestations. Signs and Symptoms ... must be nullipara patients with symptoms of severe primary dysmenorrhea.. *The characteristic of pain must be periodic (at ...
... women can experience dysmenorrhea, or menstrual cramps, and menorrhagia, or heavy menstrual bleeding. In the case of both... ... What to Eat for Dysmenorrhea & Menorrhagia by RACHEL NALL Last Updated: Oct 03, 2017. ... Due to their menstrual cycle, women can experience dysmenorrhea, or menstrual cramps, and menorrhagia, or heavy menstrual ...
Z. Harel, "Dysmenorrhea in adolescents and young adults: etiology and management," Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent ... O. Ylikorkala and M. Y. Dawood, "New concepts in dysmenorrhea," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 130, no. 7 ... M. A. Burnett, V. Antao, A. Black et al., "Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in Canada," Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology ... L. Zhao and P. Li, "A survey of acupuncture treatment for primary dysmenorrhea," Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. ...
Continuous Administration of Oral Contraceptive, Primary Dysmenorrhea (Dysmenorrhea). The safety and scientific validity of ... Continuous Administration of Oral Contraceptive, Primary Dysmenorrhea. Official Title ICMJE Continuous Administration of a ... A large number of drugs have been studied for pain relief in dysmenorrhea patients with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs ( ... It is well established that excess prostaglandin production in primary dysmenorrhea (PD) leads to ischemia of the uterine ...
Dysmenorrhea. Intervention ICMJE *Procedure: acupuncture acupuncture on the acupoints of ST44 and ST43 of bilateral feet for 2 ... Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture for Dysmenorrhea. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... overall improvement in dysmenorrhea [ Time Frame: every month ]. *safety evaluation (adverse events) [ Time Frame: every week ] ... Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture for Dysmenorrhea. Official Title ICMJE Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture on ...
... side effects of the Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Cramps ) medicine. ... and brand names of drugs used for treatment of Dysmenorrhea ( ... What is Dysmenorrhea? , What are the Types of Dysmenorrhea? , What are the Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea? , What are the Causes of ... Dysmenorrhea? , How do you Diagnose Dysmenorrhea? , How do you Treat Dysmenorrhea? , How do you Prevent Dysmenorrhea? ... Menstrual Cramps/Dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea, menstrual cramps or painful periods is the commonest menstrual disorder. The ...
Endometriosis is the most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea. Symptoms and signs of adenomyosis include dysmenorrhea, ... Primary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain in the absence of pelvic pathology. Abnormal uterine bleeding, dyspareunia, noncyclic ... Topical heat, exercise, and nutritional supplementation may be beneficial in patients who have dysmenorrhea; however, there is ... Management options for primary dysmenorrhea include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal contraceptives. Hormonal ...
Learn more about Dysmenorrhea testing and diagnosis from experts at Boston Childrens, ranked best Childrens Hospital by US ... How is dysmenorrhea diagnosed?. When you or your daughter suspects dysmenorrhea, a physician will evaluate her complete medical ... Testing & Diagnosis for Dysmenorrhea in Children. Tests ... In general, diagnostic measures for dysmenorrhea include:. * ...
Primary dysmenorrhea can affect up to 50% of all women who have menstrual periods and can be severe enough to impact their day- ... How is Dysmenorrhea Diagnoses?. If you have symptoms of dysmenorrhea, your doctor will need to take a complete medical history ... Dysmenorrhea can be crippling, both physically and psychologically.. How Dysmenorrhea Begins. As women, we are all aware that ... Dysmenorrhea-More Commonly Known as Painful Periods. Dysmenorrhea is the term used to describe painful menstrual periods, and ...
Dysmenorrhea can be literally translated as difficult monthly flow. Although its normal for most women to have mild ... Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type of dysmenorrhea, affecting more than 50% of women, and quite severe in about 10%. ... There are two types of dysmenorrhea:. *Primary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain thats not a symptom of an underlying gynecologic ... Primary dysmenorrhea is thought to be caused by excessive levels of prostaglandins, hormones that make your uterus contract ...
Dysmenorrhea is classified as primary or secondary dysmenorrhea.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as painful ... Primary dysmenorrhea occurs only in ovulatory cycles.15, 17 Dysmenorrhea occurring in anovulatory cycles is of the secondary ... Anticipation of severe dysmenorrhea each month can itself be expected to engender quite a bit of stress. Dysmenorrhea is more ... SECONDARY DYSMENORRHEA. Etiology The causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include endometriosis, presence of an intrauterine device ...
In this study, pulsographic parameters of cunkou pulse before dysmenorrhea and in obvious dysmenorrhea and after dysmenorrheal ... Changes in pulsographic parameters revealed almost opposite changing trends from before dysmenorrhea to before dysmenorrhea ( ... Pain-Induced Pulsograph Changes in Patients with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Pilot Study. Wan-hong Chen,1 Yan Zhao,1 Chang-chun ... Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is a common disease in young women. In view of its regular episode and quick relieving after ...

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