Genes, Duplicate: Two identical genes showing the same phenotypic action but localized in different regions of a chromosome or on different chromosomes. (From Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Duplicate Publication as Topic: Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.Gene Duplication: Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Plagiarism: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.Polyploidy: The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.Duplicate PublicationModels, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Genome, Fungal: The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a fungus.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Synteny: The presence of two or more genetic loci on the same chromosome. Extensions of this original definition refer to the similarity in content and organization between chromosomes, of different species for example.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Australasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Book CollectingFish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Takifugu: A genus of pufferfish commonly used for research.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Vertebrates: Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Insurance, Hospitalization: Health insurance providing benefits to cover or partly cover hospital expenses.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Weights and Measures: Measuring and weighing systems and processes.Tetraodontiformes: A small order of primarily marine fish containing 340 species. Most have a rotund or box-like shape. TETRODOTOXIN is found in their liver and ovaries.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Retraction of Publication as Topic: Authors' withdrawal or disavowal of their participation in performing research or writing the results of their study.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Centrioles: Self-replicating, short, fibrous, rod-shaped organelles. Each centriole is a short cylinder containing nine pairs of peripheral microtubules, arranged so as to form the wall of the cylinder.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Medicine, Kampo: System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Pseudogenes: Genes bearing close resemblance to known genes at different loci, but rendered non-functional by additions or deletions in structure that prevent normal transcription or translation. When lacking introns and containing a poly-A segment near the downstream end (as a result of reverse copying from processed nuclear RNA into double-stranded DNA), they are called processed genes.Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid: The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Review Literature as Topic: Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Gene Dosage: The number of copies of a given gene present in the cell of an organism. An increase in gene dosage (by GENE DUPLICATION for example) can result in higher levels of gene product formation. GENE DOSAGE COMPENSATION mechanisms result in adjustments to the level GENE EXPRESSION when there are changes or differences in gene dosage.Zebrafish: An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.Sequence Homology: The degree of similarity between sequences. Studies of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY and NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY provide useful information about the genetic relatedness of genes, gene products, and species.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Genes, Insect: The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.Caenorhabditis elegans: A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Metagenomics: The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Genes, Fungal: The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Forms and Records Control: A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.Gene Conversion: The asymmetrical segregation of genes during replication which leads to the production of non-reciprocal recombinant strands and the apparent conversion of one allele into another. Thus, e.g., the meiotic products of an Aa individual may be AAAa or aaaA instead of AAaa, i.e., the A allele has been converted into the a allele or vice versa.Genes, Essential: Those genes found in an organism which are necessary for its viability and normal function.Tragopogon: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The root and shoots have been used for food.Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Neocallimastix: A genus of fungi in the family Neocallimasticaceae, order NEOCALLIMASTIGALES. They contain polyflagellate zoospores and grow on a range of simple and complex carbohydrates in the rumen of sheep and cattle.Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Gossypium: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Genetic Structures: The biological objects that contain genetic information and that are involved in transmitting genetically encoded traits from one organism to another.Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)Conserved Sequence: A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.Medical Order Entry Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, that enable providers to initiate medical procedures, prescribe medications, etc. These systems support medical decision-making and error-reduction during patient care.Yeasts: A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Kluyveromyces: An ascomycetous yeast of the fungal family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES.Caenorhabditis: A genus of small free-living nematodes. Two species, CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS and C. briggsae are much used in studies of genetics, development, aging, muscle chemistry, and neuroanatomy.Oryzias: The only genus in the family Oryziinae, order BELONIFORMES. Oryzias are egg-layers; other fish of the same order are livebearers. Oryzias are used extensively in testing carcinogens.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Gene Order: The sequential location of genes on a chromosome.Endo-1,3(4)-beta-Glucanase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3- or 1,4-linkages in beta-D-glucans. This enzyme specifically acts on sites where reducing glucose residues are substituted at the 3 position.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Unnecessary Procedures: Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.Chromosomes, Plant: Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.Tandem Repeat Sequences: Copies of DNA sequences which lie adjacent to each other in the same orientation (direct tandem repeats) or in the opposite direction to each other (INVERTED TANDEM REPEATS).Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Diploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.Salmonidae: A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Genome, Protozoan: The complete genetic complement contained in a set of CHROMOSOMES in a protozoan.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Centrosome: The cell center, consisting of a pair of CENTRIOLES surrounded by a cloud of amorphous material called the pericentriolar region. During interphase, the centrosome nucleates microtubule outgrowth. The centrosome duplicates and, during mitosis, separates to form the two poles of the mitotic spindle (MITOTIC SPINDLE APPARATUS).Genome, Helminth: The genetic complement of a helminth (HELMINTHS) as represented in its DNA.False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Populus: A plant genus of the family SALICACEAE. Balm of Gilead is a common name used for P. candicans, or P. gileadensis, or P. jackii, and sometimes also used for ABIES BALSAMEA or for COMMIPHORA.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Autoanalysis: Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.Cyprinodontiformes: An order of fish with eight families and numerous species of both egg-laying and livebearing fish. Families include Cyprinodontidae (egg-laying KILLIFISHES;), FUNDULIDAEl; (topminnows), Goodeidae (Mexican livebearers), Jenynsiidae (jenynsiids), Poeciliidae (livebearers), Profundulidae (Middle American killifishes), Aplocheilidae, and Rivulidae (rivulines). In the family Poeciliidae, the guppy and molly belong to the genus POECILIA.Budd-Chiari Syndrome: A condition in which the hepatic venous outflow is obstructed anywhere from the small HEPATIC VEINS to the junction of the INFERIOR VENA CAVA and the RIGHT ATRIUM. Usually the blockage is extrahepatic and caused by blood clots (THROMBUS) or fibrous webs. Parenchymal FIBROSIS is uncommon.Introns: Sequences of DNA in the genes that are located between the EXONS. They are transcribed along with the exons but are removed from the primary gene transcript by RNA SPLICING to leave mature RNA. Some introns code for separate genes.MADS Domain Proteins: A superfamily of proteins that share a highly conserved MADS domain sequence motif. The term MADS refers to the first four members which were MCM1 PROTEIN; AGAMOUS 1 PROTEIN; DEFICIENS PROTEIN; and SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR. Many MADS domain proteins have been found in species from all eukaryotic kingdoms. They play an important role in development, especially in plants where they have an important role in flower development.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Mutant Chimeric Proteins: Proteins produced from GENES that have mutated by the fusing of protein coding regions of more than one gene. Such hybrid proteins are responsible for some instances of ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE and defective biological processes such as NEOPLASMS.Adaptation, Biological: Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.Retroelements: Elements that are transcribed into RNA, reverse-transcribed into DNA and then inserted into a new site in the genome. Long terminal repeats (LTRs) similar to those from retroviruses are contained in retrotransposons and retrovirus-like elements. Retroposons, such as LONG INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS and SHORT INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS do not contain LTRs.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Open Reading Frames: A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).Radiology Department, Hospital: Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of x-ray diagnostic and therapeutic services.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Ploidies: The degree of replication of the chromosome set in the karyotype.Genetic Linkage: The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Genes, Regulator: Genes which regulate or circumscribe the activity of other genes; specifically, genes which code for PROTEINS or RNAs which have GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION functions.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase: An aldose-ketose isomerase that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate. In prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms it plays an essential role in glycolytic and gluconeogenic pathways. In mammalian systems the enzyme is found in the cytoplasm and as a secreted protein. This secreted form of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase has been referred to as autocrine motility factor or neuroleukin, and acts as a cytokine which binds to the AUTOCRINE MOTILITY FACTOR RECEPTOR. Deficiency of the enzyme in humans is an autosomal recessive trait, which results in CONGENITAL NONSPHEROCYTIC HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA.Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial: DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.Meta-Analysis as Topic: A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Time: The dimension of the physical universe which, at a given place, orders the sequence of events. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.False Negative Reactions: Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Zebrafish Proteins: Proteins obtained from the ZEBRAFISH. Many of the proteins in this species have been the subject of studies involving basic embryological development (EMBRYOLOGY).Blood Specimen Collection: The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.X Chromosome: The female sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and all female gametes in human and other male-heterogametic species.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Automation: Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Databases, Nucleic Acid: Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Oncorhynchus mykiss: A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Exons: The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Genes: A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Hospital Departments: Major administrative divisions of the hospital.Genome, Insect: The genetic complement of an insect (INSECTS) as represented in its DNA.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Kuwaiti footballers - duplicate?[edit]. Hi Jevansen, sorry to bother you, but I don't know Wikipedia policies on how to proceed ...
Bot report : Found duplicate references !. In the last revision I edited, I found duplicate named references, i.e. references ...
Duplicate images uploaded. Thanks for uploading Image:Heaton Hall .JPG. A machine-controlled robot account noticed that you ... Duplicate images uploaded. Thanks for uploading Image:Drinkwater Park in August..JPG. A machine-controlled robot account ...
Duplicate Installations[edit]. Failed installations are displayed in the "Control Panel,All Control Panel Items,Recovery" ... I marked duplicates (Conditional Formatting), and they always appeared next to each other, even though they'd not been adjacent ...
Duplicate elements[edit]. The procedure may return any index whose element is equal to the target value, even if there are ... duplicate elements in the array. For example, if the array to be searched was [. 1. ,. 2. ,. 3. ,. 4. ,. 4. ,. 5. ,. 6. ,. 7. ] ... The alternative procedure above will always return the index of the rightmost element if an element is duplicated in the array. ... it is sometimes necessary to find the leftmost element or the rightmost element if the target value is duplicated in the array ...
Duplicate cell ambiguity[edit]. By convention in Japan, killer sudoku cages do not include duplicate numbers. However, when The ... The two vertical cells in the top left of the top right nonet cannot be 2+2 as that would mean duplicates, so they must be 1+3 ... This revised rule stuck and the world standard[citation needed] is no duplicates within cages. ...
Duplicate article?. These two pages have very similar texts: Trematomus and Trematosus. --Tobias1984 (talk) 20:29, 15 December ... But, as can be seen by the considerable number of within-genus duplicates, FishBase common names are neither consistently ... which is a good model to follow as well as an illustration of the problems involved-the bot created duplicate articles, added ...
duplicate?) The international Jewish organizations have also been represented in the Zionist Congress since 1972, provided that ... duplicate?) World Council of Conservative Masorti Synagogues World Emunah World Organization of Orthodox Synagogues & ...
Duplicate image of Vesta tagged for transfer to Commons[edit]. The file Vesta from 265000 km cropped 260.jpg, has been flagged ...
Alphabetical cross-reference Notes a. Duplicate use. FIL: Allegany County (from "Fillmore") ROP: Clinton County (from "Rouses ...
Sharma, Murli (8 December 1998). "Double duplicate". Indian Express. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 27 ...
"Duplicate content". Google. Retrieved 2012-08-02. Biswas, Kushal. "Canonical Issue and How to Use Canonical Tag - The Proper ... Canonical tags can also be useful to solve www and non-www duplicate content-where two URLs, identical except that one begins ... A canonical link element is an HTML element that helps webmasters prevent duplicate content issues by specifying the "canonical ... Fox, Vanessa (2009-02-12). "Google, Yahoo & Microsoft Unite On "Canonical Tag" To Reduce Duplicate Content Clutter". Search ...
The Duplicate Finder comes with version 14. It is accessible from the "CLEAN UP" tab located in Start Center, which finds and ... With the new version, users now have access to the Duplicate Finder, Windows 8.1 App Cleaner and can also use the software in ... "TuneUp Duplicate Finder". 7 September 2013. "TuneUp Flight Mode". 7 September 2013. "TuneUp Utilities 2003". cnet download.com ...
ISBN 978-0-939460-38-0. 2015 - Intermediate/Advanced: Bird, David (2014). Winning Duplicate Tactics. Master Point Press. ISBN ...
... eliminating duplicate questions; customised personal email digests on the important activity from a course; analytics to help ...
PSH an application payload (i.e. 'GET / HTTP/1.0'). Triple duplicate ACK. Look at the payload.c file in the sockstress source. ...
These included: a gauge to check the squareness and register of a printer's forme; trolleys; chutes; a duplicate book; ... US patent 23138293, Gauge Device, Demetrius Comino, 1938 - http://www.freepatentsonline.com/2138293.html Duplicate book patent ...
Duplicate transaction identification. Pivot table creation. Cross tabulation. CAATs is the fundamental tool which is used by ... For example, this could be used to find duplicate billings of invoices within the sales ledger. Matching (Fuzzy): Specifies ...
rel=duplicate Link: ; rel=duplicate Link: ; rel=describedby; type="application/x-bittorrent" Link: ; rel=describedby; type=" ... The duplicate download locations provide reliability in case one method fails. Some clients also achieve faster download speeds ...
Duplicate the image. 2. Select a region in one image. 3. Shift this region horizontally by a small amount. The stereogram is ...
... in duplicate); London; Richard Bentley 1847 Scans of Stanhope's Letters to his son, 1774-1775 edition, Vol. 1, Vol. 2 Guide to ...
Identifies duplicate objects. Controls naming conventions. Visual Expert is used in several contexts: Change impact analysis: ...
Co-author --; Cook, Frank A. (1928). Duplicate Auction Bridge. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company. Editor Cochran, Thomas C ...
talk , contribs)‎ (→‎Complete game scores of the examples: Duplicate). *(diff , hist) . . Blunder (chess)‎; 04:02 . . (-4)‎ . . ...
DUPLICATE, EMPTY, EDIT, FILESTATUS, FILEMENU, LIST, LOCKSTATUS, PERMIT, RENAME, RENUMBER, and TRUNCATE. A question-mark (?) is ... DUPLICATE oldname [ AS , TO ] newname [ options ] [ OK , ALLOK , PROMPT ] EDIT [ filename ] [ :edit-command ] EMPTY [ filelist ...
In this case the duplicate is free.. If the season ticket holder is under 18, the duplicate application form must be signed by ... Third duplicate in the same season: Intervention of the clubs disciplinary commission to open an investigation into the member ... If you lose your season ticket, you will need to apply for a duplicate by providing the following documentation:. *Properly ... If the season ticket holder would like to delegate the application for a duplicate to somebody else they must provide ...
... duplicate urls - I just bought sitemapper and started scanning one of the sites. As it scans the site, its pulling pages out ... What is the link to your Website and what links are duplicating? Learn the essentials with these quick tips for Responsive Site ... I can see how some of these duplicates are coming up. The pages are based on search results, so if a particular property shows ... I deleted all the duplicates manually. The site I was crawling was http://www.roserobinson.com. Im about to do another now. ...
... mclutter at NSF.GOV mclutter at NSF.GOV Fri May 15 11:16:00 EST 1992 *Previous message: Duplicate ...
Hi All. Im open Excel, write something in sells, click File -, Send by mail. In opened Outlook New Message windows fill destinator filed, theme and body, check encrypt and click send. People to which i send mail recive my mail with 2 attachments(1 file without filesize ond second normal), but i send only one file. Both of files opens correctly and have same content, but people is confusing why they recive 2 files instead of one. Problem exists on both versions of MS Office 2007 and 2010 ...
If I can duplicate this below. Then I would change it to Consulting. I tryed to repeat code bit it keeps bunching up on the ... 15633 I circled what I want to duplicate. If it can be done, Then I would just change the wording. For example you will see The ... Im tring to duplicate some code and its not working. ... Duplicate code Im tring to duplicate some code and its not ... If I can duplicate this below. Then I would change it to Consulting. I tryed to repeat code bit it keeps bunching up on the ...
... such that the resulting machine code is identical for both the duplicated and non-duplicated examples above. If the function is ... Duplicate code is a computer programming term for a sequence of source code that occurs more than once, either within a program ... Sequences of duplicate code are sometimes known as code clones or just clones, the automated process of finding duplications in ... Duplicate code is generally considered undesirable for a number of reasons. A minimum requirement is usually applied to the ...
Duplicate Scrabble has been part of the Romanian national championship since 1981. The rules of duplicate Scrabble can vary ... A duplicate pairs competition is also part of the Romanian national championship. Duplicate bridge Scrabble variants (in ... Duplicate Scrabble is a variant of the board game Scrabble where all the players are faced with the same board and letters at ... Number of players Duplicate Scrabble can be played in pairs where the two players agree on which solution they will submit. The ...
How to use duplicate in a sentence. Synonym Discussion of duplicate. ... Duplicate definition is - consisting of or existing in two corresponding or identical parts or examples. ... Other Words from duplicate Synonyms & Antonyms Choose the Right Synonym More Example Sentences Learn More about duplicate ... Examples of duplicate in a Sentence. Adjective. I began receiving duplicate copies of the magazine every month. I had a ...
... Alan Tilson via 4D_Tech Wed, 13 Mar 2019 10:17:11 -0700 ... you dont need to duplicate an object, , you can print the same object as many times as you like, , at any position (decimal, ...
... Alan Tilson via 4D_Tech Thu, 14 Mar 2019 08:02:58 -0700 ... you dont need to duplicate an object, ,,,, you can print the same object as many times as you like, ,,,, at any position ( ...
... 23.03.2018. Imagine holding two different medications in your hands, one being the original, the other one ...
... drives the fixation and early evolution of duplicate loci. Analysis of recently duplicated genes in the Arabidopsis thaliana ... Gene duplicates account for 8-20% of the genes in eukaryotic genomes, and the rates of gene duplication are estimated at ... Duplicate genes are believed to be a major mechanism for the establishment of new gene functions and the generation of ... Our results support recent theoretical work that indicates that fates of duplicate gene pairs may be determined in the initial ...
We investigated journal policies on duplicate and salami publication. , Italian Social Marketing Network - Newsletter 172 ... Duplicate and salami publication are unethical, but are common practices with substantial consequences for science and society ... Duplicate and salami publication are unethical, but are common practices with substantial consequences for science and society ... Duplicate and salami publication are unethical, but are common practices with substantial consequences for science and society ...
Duplicate records do not share a common key and/or they contain errors that make duplicate matching a difficult task. Errors ... and we present an extensive set of duplicate detection algorithms that can detect approximately duplicate records in a database ... In this paper, we present a thorough analysis of the literature on duplicate record detection. We cover similarity metrics that ... We also cover multiple techniques for improving the efficiency and scalability of approximate duplicate detection algorithms. ...
Duplicate records do not share a common key and/or they contain errors that make duplicate matching a difficult task. Errors ... While it is easy to create a large number of training pairs that are either clearly non-duplicates or clearly duplicates, it is ... Without standardization, many duplicate entries could erroneously be designated as non-duplicates, based on the fact that ... The main idea behind ALIAS is that most duplicate and non-duplicate pairs are clearly distinct. For such pairs, the system can ...
Note that I am not talking about image similarity algorithms but rather strictly about duplicate detection. This would make ... You say youre not talking about similarity algorithms, but duplicate detection. Yet, if youre also talking about allowing ...
... POSTMAST at GUNBRF.BITNET POSTMAST at GUNBRF.BITNET Fri Aug 28 16:52:01 EST 1992 *Previous ... duplicated use of the sequence ID for two very similar (almost identical!!) sequences. Several people brought to our attention ... a problem concerning duplicated entry identification codes and accession numbers among the data sections PIR1, PIR2, and PIR3 ...
In a single-signature duplicate document system, a secondary set of attributes is used in addition to a primary set of ... For example, the duplicate detection techniques may be used to quickly identify and eliminate near-duplicates of spam e-mail at ... Detecting duplicate and near-duplicate files. US20030221166. 3. Sept. 2002. 27. Nov. 2003. Xerox Corporation. Systems and ... For Internet search engines, duplicate detection may be used to eliminate duplicate documents stored as part of the search ...
... has arrested a man on Sunday for selling televisions by assembling duplicate parts in the city. ... Cops arrested Narendra Wadhwani from his shop on Undera Road and seized duplicate parts and good worth Rs 18 lakh from his ... Wadhwani would buy the duplicate goods from Delhi. Vadodara: The special operations group (SOG) has arrested a man on Sunday ... He would put stickers of branded companies on them and sell these duplicate products online and in the retail market. ...
Near-duplicate Angular density distribution Encoding Key frames Pattern Tree Queue pool Video retrieval CBVR ... C. L. Chou, H. T. Chen, Y. C. Chen, C. P. Ho, and S. Y. Lee, Near- duplicate video retrieval and localization using pattern set ... Chou, C.L., Chen, H.T., Lee, S.Y.: Pattern-based near-duplicate video retrieval and localization on web-scale videos. IEEE ... Z. Wu and K. Aizawa, Self-similarity-based partial near-duplicate video retrieval and alignment, Int. J. Multimedia Inf. ...
You can use Duplicate Annihilator (a US$ 7.95 Shareware). Not a free alternative, but if you have a lot of duplicates to ... That meant to make more than one album, I ended up duplicating the picture. Thats how I ended up with duplicates. ... You can view the sets of duplicates, double-click to locate a photo in iPhoto, press Delete to delete a photo from iPhoto. Or ... How can I delete duplicate photos from iPhoto? anil May 28, 2010 ... What i wish it could do was replace duplicate pictures in ...
FREE DUPLICATE RECORDS: NDI clients may submit up to five (5) free duplicate records for a particular study subject if they ... however payment at the regular rate for excess duplicates may be required. An example of a free duplicate record situation; if ... However, NDI clients will need to demonstrate that they have made a concerted effort to remove as many duplicate records as ... Another example; if a study subject has three surnames, two duplicate records may be created utilizing only one of those three ...
Duplicate Virus Software. Discussion in ESET NOD32 Antivirus started by Bluey, Sep 4, 2008. ...
in reply to Duplicate Element in an Array. It is not clear how you arrive at your expected output. Your group one is clear ... Here is a possible solution that builds an AoA by forming arrays of unique and duplicate items then recursively acting on the ... duplicates until none are left. It does not arrive at the same group members you show. The code. ...
Problems with the classical model for the preservation of gene duplicates: Under the simplest model for the fate of duplicate ... Under the classical model for the evolution of duplicate genes, one member of the duplicated pair usually degenerates within a ... Following a polyploidization event, genomic redundancies exist at several levels: duplicate chromosomes, duplicate genes, and ... of duplicate gene preservation by the DDC process. The probablility of duplicate gene preservation increases with the number of ...
  • In this paper, we propose a simple but effective hierarchical spatiotemporal approach for high-quality near-duplicate video retrieval. (springer.com)
  • Z. Wu and K. Aizawa, Self-similarity-based partial near-duplicate video retrieval and alignment, Int. J. Multimedia Inf. (springer.com)
  • C. L. Chou, H. T. Chen, Y. C. Chen, C. P. Ho, and S. Y. Lee, Near- duplicate video retrieval and localization using pattern set based dynamic programming, in Proc. (springer.com)
  • Multi-view features are often used in video hashing for near-duplicate video retrieval because of their mutual assistance and complementarity. (springer.com)
  • You can get a detailed statistics about duplicate and zero- sized files and optional search. (filetransit.com)
  • This work holds promise for helping us understand, for example, why some duplicate gene pairs are co-regulated, whereas other homoeolog pairs behave independently of one another. (iastate.edu)
  • Our results indicate that allopolyploidization entails significant homoeolog expression modulation, both immediately as a consequence of genomic merger, and secondarily as a result of long-term evolutionary transformations in duplicate gene expression. (nih.gov)
  • Because the vast majority of mutations affecting fitness are deleterious ( 13 ), and because gene duplicates are generally assumed to be functionally redundant at the time of origin, virtually all models predict that the usual fate of a duplicate-gene pair is the nonfunctionalization of one copy. (sciencemag.org)
  • Several people brought to our attention a problem concerning duplicated entry identification codes and accession numbers among the data sections PIR1, PIR2, and PIR3 in the PIR-International Protein Sequence Database. (bio.net)
  • determining whether the first data item is a duplicate of the second data item based on the comparison. (google.de)
  • 2. The method of claim 1 , wherein the first data item is part of a collection of documents, the method further comprising removing the first data item from the collection of documents if the first data item is determined to be a duplicate of the second data item. (google.de)
  • 7. The method of claim 1 , wherein the first data item comprises an uncategorized e-mail and the second data item comprises an e-mail categorized as spam, the method further comprising categorizing the uncategorized e-mail as a spam e-mail if the uncategorized e-mail is determined to be a duplicate of the e-mail categorized as spam. (google.de)
  • However, empirical data suggest that a much greater proportion of gene duplicates is preserved than predicted by the classical model. (genetics.org)
  • How can I remove duplicate data from Outlook 2007? (makeuseof.com)
  • Rochester RHIO selected NextGate because they needed a more complete view of their patients, and that required better data that was free of duplicate patient records from their complex patient populations. (cnbc.com)
  • Throudg using bugzilla, and maintaining our site it has become apparent to me that there is a lot of duplicate data in database that makes it difficult to maintain. (mozilla.org)
  • To quantify the impact of duplicate data on estimates of efficacy. (bmj.com)
  • Percentage of duplicated trials and patient data. (bmj.com)
  • Comparison between the efficacy of non-duplicated and duplicated data. (bmj.com)
  • By searching systematically we found 17% of published full reports of randomised trials and 28% of the patient data were duplicated. (bmj.com)
  • Inclusion of duplicated data in meta-analysis led to a 23% overestimation of ondansetron's antiemetic efficacy. (bmj.com)
  • 17% of systematically searched randomised trials of ondansetron as a postoperative antiemetic were covert duplicates and resulted in 28% of patient data being duplicated. (bmj.com)
  • Duplicate publication may be overt, such as reanalysis of an important trial with appropriate cross referencing to original reports, or it may be covert, with the same data published again without cross referencing, often with no intention to provide novel information. (bmj.com)
  • With average monthly premiums of $17.47 a month for state employee family insurance plans in 2018, signing up for duplicate coverage is a no-brainer for many couples. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Megan Farokhmanesh, The Verge , "Twitter rival Mastodon isn't safe from online mobs either," 31 Aug. 2018 The displays aren't the only part of the Nubia X that use duplicate components: there are also two fingerprint readers. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Ron Amadeo, Ars Technica , "ZTE smartphone goes to extremes to kill the notch, adds rear secondary display," 1 Nov. 2018 Police returned the hat to Richard following the arrest, but the teen also received a duplicate hat -- autographed by President Trump. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Stephen Sorace, Fox News , "Man accused of stealing teen's MAGA hat indicted by grand jury," 31 Aug. 2018 Other Twitter users, desperate for validation, endlessly retweet their own tweets, spamming followers with duplicate information. (merriam-webster.com)
  • See Hu and Wendel, 2018 for perspectives on genomic architecture, cis-trans relationships, and duplicate gene expression. (iastate.edu)
  • Second, the frequency of duplicate-gene preservation following ancient polyploidization events, often suggested to be in the neighborhood of 30 to 50% over periods of tens to hundreds of millions of years ( 17-20 ), is unexpectedly high. (sciencemag.org)
  • Krista Torralva, ExpressNews.com , "Northside ISD says it restrained hundreds of students but software didn't report it," 29 June 2019 Over the past two years, the service also saw a 1,055% increase in duplicate tips involving the same cases, indicating that students witnessing concerning behavior are becoming more willing to take action. (merriam-webster.com)
  • The Summit Daily, The Denver Post , "Colorado sees record number of Safe2Tell anonymous tips in May," 23 June 2019 The Office of the Attorney General reported a 1,055 percent increase in duplicate tips, where more than one student reported the same concerns. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Meg Wingerter, The Denver Post , "Safe2Tell tips about Colorado schools nearly double," 6 June 2019 Mastodon the software will investigate ways to help mods deal with large numbers of duplicate reports and blacklisting reports from dubious sources. (merriam-webster.com)
  • if you export the contacts, edit them (fairly easy in excel) and import, outlook should identify the duplicates and merge them. (makeuseof.com)
  • Merge Duplicate Tags? (whollygenes.com)
  • Mike, I was so excited that I would not have to go through the original duplicate removal process (claim the listing, wait for merge, delete) once Google came out with "Report a Problem. (blumenthals.com)
  • Recently, due to rapid advancement in multimedia devices and exponential increase in Internet user activities such as video editing, preview, and streaming accumulate enormous amount of near-duplicate videos which cannot be detected or retrieved effectively by conventional video retrieval technique. (springer.com)
  • In this movie, we'll take our nicely masked droplet, and we'll go ahead and give it a soft …shadow that's organic to the original scene, and we'll do so by duplicating, as well as …transforming, and blurring our existing vector mask, and then we'll throw in a pixel-based …layer mask to boot. (lynda.com)
  • It can scan and delete all duplicate files and zero-sized files on the hard driver. (filetransit.com)
  • ODONNELL at ARCB.AFRC.AC.UK (Cary O'Donnell) expressed concern about an apparent 'duplicated use of the sequence ID for two very similar (almost identical! (bio.net)
  • When all original and duplicate reports were combined (n=25) the apparent number needed to treat improved to 4.9 (4.4 to 5.6). (bmj.com)
  • Duplicate leads and accounts can result in account ownership conflicts, incorrect opportunities, and inaccurate forecasts. (informatica.com)
  • Alternatively, a duplicate locus can instead first fix a null allele, becoming a pseudogene. (genetics.org)
  • In meiosis, there is a strong preference to use the orthologous region (allelic gene conversion), which causes non-Mendelian allelic distortion, but paralogous or duplicated regions can also be used for the repair (inter-locus gene conversion, also referred to as non-allelic and ectopic gene conversion). (mdpi.com)
  • With current design, CreateProcess won't remove any duplicated variables from the buffer that we pass as its lpEnvironment parameter. (microsoft.com)
  • Duplicating an empty composite buffer can lead to NPE (but may not, depending on how it came to exist and be in that state). (apache.org)
  • Note that in this trivial case, the compiler may choose to inline both calls to the function, such that the resulting machine code is identical for both the duplicated and non-duplicated examples above. (wikipedia.org)
  • We hypothesized that after introduction of the OFP, there would be an increase in duplicate infertility consultations by patients attempting to increase chances at obtaining publicly funded IVF through enlisting at multiple fertility clinics. (ices.on.ca)
  • Click it, then choose Remove Duplicate Items. (makeuseof.com)
  • I was just now wishing there was a way to use everything to locate and remove duplicates in a manner other than what I am currently doing which is tedious at best. (voidtools.com)
  • Unpicking: With duplicate stitch it's easy to unpick the design completely if you don't like it any more and your knitted piece is still intact once you remove the design. (typepad.co.uk)
  • When the gadget runs, it counts the number of occurrences of the key fields for duplicate checking. (cdc.gov)