Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
A genus of the family Muridae consisting of eleven species. C. migratorius, the grey or Armenian hamster, and C. griseus, the Chinese hamster, are the two species used in biomedical research.
CELL LINE derived from the ovary of the Chinese hamster, Cricetulus griseus (CRICETULUS). The species is a favorite for cytogenetic studies because of its small chromosome number. The cell line has provided model systems for the study of genetic alterations in cultured mammalian cells.
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The analysis of a sequence such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele for its involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The vital life force in the body, supposedly able to be regulated by acupuncture. It corresponds roughly to the Greek pneuma, the Latin spiritus, and the ancient Indian prana. The concept of life-breath or vital energy was formulated as an indication of the awareness of man, originally directed externally toward nature or society but later turned inward to the self or life within. (From Comparison between Concepts of Life-Breath in East and West, 15th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine - East and West, August 26-September 3, 1990, Shizuoka, Japan, pp. ix-x)
Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across the wide geographical area of Europe, as opposed to the East, Asia, and Africa. The term was used by scholars through the late medieval period. Thereafter, with the impact of colonialism and the transmission of cultures, Western World was sometimes expanded to include the Americas. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.
In Chinese philosophy and religion, two principles, one negative, dark, and feminine (yin) and one positive, bright, and masculine (yang), from whose interaction all things are produced and all things are dissolved. As a concept the two polar elements referred originally to the shady and sunny sides of a valley or a hill but it developed into the relationship of any contrasting pair: those specified above (female-male, etc.) as well as cold-hot, wet-dry, weak-strong, etc. It is not a distinct system of thought by itself but permeates Chinese life and thought. A balance of yin and yang is essential to health. A deficiency of either principle can manifest as disease. (Encyclopedia Americana)
Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.
The principal alkaloid of ipecac, from the ground roots of Uragoga (or Cephaelis) ipecacuanha or U. acuminata, of the Rubiaceae. It is used as an amebicide in many different preparations and may cause serious cardiac, hepatic, or renal damage and violent diarrhea and vomiting. Emetine inhibits protein synthesis in EUKARYOTIC CELLS but not PROKARYOTIC CELLS.
Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The parts of a transcript of a split GENE remaining after the INTRONS are removed. They are spliced together to become a MESSENGER RNA or other functional RNA.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the reaction 7,8-dihyrofolate and NADPH to yield 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate and NADPH+, producing reduced folate for amino acid metabolism, purine ring synthesis, and the formation of deoxythymidine monophosphate. Methotrexate and other folic acid antagonists used as chemotherapeutic drugs act by inhibiting this enzyme. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC 1.5.1.3.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain hinesol and atractylon. Atractylodes rhizome is Byaku-jutsu. A. lancea rhizome is So-jutsu.
A plant genus of the family TAXODIACEAE. Members contain DITERPENES.
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, an insufficiency of body fluid (called yinxu), manifesting often as irritability, thirst, constipation, etc. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979).
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Any cell, other than a ZYGOTE, that contains elements (such as NUCLEI and CYTOPLASM) from two or more different cells, usually produced by artificial CELL FUSION.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE, subfamily Papilionaceae, order Fabales, subclass Rosidae. Many of the species are associated with poisoning of grazing animals. Some of the species are used medicinally.
The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)
Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.
A plant species which is known as an Oriental traditional medicinal plant.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
A plant genus of the family MYRICACEAE. Members contain myricanol. The common name of bayberry is similar to the name barberry which is used for BERBERIS and MAHONIA.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate and hypoxanthine, guanine, or 6-mercaptopurine to the corresponding 5'-mononucleotides and pyrophosphate. The enzyme is important in purine biosynthesis as well as central nervous system functions. Complete lack of enzyme activity is associated with the LESCH-NYHAN SYNDROME, while partial deficiency results in overproduction of uric acid. EC 2.4.2.8.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
An enzyme catalyzing the formation of AMP from adenine and phosphoribosylpyrophosphate. It can act as a salvage enzyme for recycling of adenine into nucleic acids. EC 2.4.2.7.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A plant genus of the family BERBERIDACEAE which is used in DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL. Members contain flavonol glycosides including epimedins, icariin and noricariin.
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.
A form of glaucoma in which the intraocular pressure increases because the angle of the anterior chamber is blocked and the aqueous humor cannot drain from the anterior chamber.
An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
Conversion from one language to another language.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The chemical or biochemical addition of carbohydrate or glycosyl groups to other chemicals, especially peptides or proteins. Glycosyl transferases are used in this biochemical reaction.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Nystagmus present at birth or caused by lesions sustained in utero or at the time of birth. It is usually pendular, and is associated with ALBINISM and conditions characterized by early loss of central vision. Inheritance patterns may be X-linked, autosomal dominant, or recessive. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p275)
Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
Animals produced by the mating of progeny over multiple generations. The resultant strain of animals is virtually identical genotypically. Highly inbred animal lines allow the study of certain traits in a relatively pure form. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
In the YIN-YANG system of philosophy and medicine, a lack of vital energy (called yangxu in Chinese). It manifests itself in various systemic and organic diseases. (The Pinyin Chinese-English Dictionary, 1979)
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Twenty-carbon compounds derived from MEVALONIC ACID or deoxyxylulose phosphate.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A refractive error in which rays of light entering the EYE parallel to the optic axis are brought to a focus in front of the RETINA when accommodation (ACCOMMODATION, OCULAR) is relaxed. This results from an overly curved CORNEA or from the eyeball being too long from front to back. It is also called nearsightedness.
The ability to speak, read, or write several languages or many languages with some facility. Bilingualism is the most common form. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).
An antineoplastic agent with alkylating properties. It also acts as a mutagen by damaging DNA and is used experimentally for that effect.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A plant genus of the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. Members contain iridoid glucosides.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Variation in a population's DNA sequence that is detected by determining alterations in the conformation of denatured DNA fragments. Denatured DNA fragments are allowed to renature under conditions that prevent the formation of double-stranded DNA and allow secondary structure to form in single stranded fragments. These fragments are then run through polyacrylamide gels to detect variations in the secondary structure that is manifested as an alteration in migration through the gels.
A selective increase in the number of copies of a gene coding for a specific protein without a proportional increase in other genes. It occurs naturally via the excision of a copy of the repeating sequence from the chromosome and its extrachromosomal replication in a plasmid, or via the production of an RNA transcript of the entire repeating sequence of ribosomal RNA followed by the reverse transcription of the molecule to produce an additional copy of the original DNA sequence. Laboratory techniques have been introduced for inducing disproportional replication by unequal crossing over, uptake of DNA from lysed cells, or generation of extrachromosomal sequences from rolling circle replication.
Foods made from SOYBEANS. Health benefits are ascribed to the high levels of DIETARY PROTEINS and ISOFLAVONES.
An exchange of segments between the sister chromatids of a chromosome, either between the sister chromatids of a meiotic tetrad or between the sister chromatids of a duplicated somatic chromosome. Its frequency is increased by ultraviolet and ionizing radiation and other mutagenic agents and is particularly high in BLOOM SYNDROME.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Tumors or cancer of the NASOPHARYNX.
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE. Members contain chrysophanic acid, rhein, EMODIN, and other ANTHRAQUINONES. The roots were formerly used as PURGATIVES.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Organic nitrogenous bases. Many alkaloids of medical importance occur in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, and some have been synthesized. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.
A maternally linked genetic disorder that presents in mid-life as acute or subacute central vision loss leading to central scotoma and blindness. The disease has been associated with missense mutations in the mtDNA, in genes for Complex I, III, and IV polypeptides, that can act autonomously or in association with each other to cause the disease. (from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim/, MIM#535000 (April 17, 2001))
Tests of chemical substances and physical agents for mutagenic potential. They include microbial, insect, mammalian cell, and whole animal tests.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Salts of chromic acid containing the CrO(2-)4 radical.
System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
An alkaloid isolated from Colchicum autumnale L. and used as an antineoplastic.
A congenital abnormality in which there is only a rudimentary iris. This is due to the failure of the optic cup to grow. Aniridia also occurs in a hereditary form, usually autosomal dominant.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
One of the early purine analogs showing antineoplastic activity. It functions as an antimetabolite and is easily incorporated into ribonucleic acids.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
A plant species cultivated for the seed used as animal feed and as a source of canola cooking oil.
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
An aminoacridine derivative that intercalates into DNA and is used as an antineoplastic agent.
A plant family of the order Fagales subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Excessive axial myopia associated with complications (especially posterior staphyloma and CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION) that can lead to BLINDNESS.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
Glucose in blood.
Organic compounds that include a cyclic ether with three ring atoms in their structure. They are commonly used as precursors for POLYMERS such as EPOXY RESINS.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
The reconstruction of a continuous two-stranded DNA molecule without mismatch from a molecule which contained damaged regions. The major repair mechanisms are excision repair, in which defective regions in one strand are excised and resynthesized using the complementary base pairing information in the intact strand; photoreactivation repair, in which the lethal and mutagenic effects of ultraviolet light are eliminated; and post-replication repair, in which the primary lesions are not repaired, but the gaps in one daughter duplex are filled in by incorporation of portions of the other (undamaged) daughter duplex. Excision repair and post-replication repair are sometimes referred to as "dark repair" because they do not require light.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.
The acidic subunit of beta-crystallins.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.

Analysis of Chinese herbal creams prescribed for dermatological conditions. (1/2638)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Chinese herbal creams used for the treatment of dermatological conditions contain steroids. DESIGN: 11 herbal creams obtained from patients attending general and paediatric dermatology outpatient clinics were analysed with high resolution gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. SETTING: Departments of dermatology and clinical biochemistry. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Presence of steroid. RESULTS: Eight creams contained dexamethasone at a mean concentration of 456 micrograms/g (range 64 to 1500 micrograms/g). All were applied to areas of sensitive skin such as face and flexures. CONCLUSION: Greater regulation needs to be imposed on Chinese herbalists to prevent illegal and inappropriate prescribing of potent steroids.  (+info)

Effects of the Chinese traditional medicine mao-bushi-saishin-to on therapeutic efficacy of a new benzoxazinorifamycin, KRM-1648, against Mycobacterium avium infection in mice. (2/2638)

The Chinese traditional medicine mao-bushi-saishin-to (MBST), which has anti-inflammatory effects and has been used to treat the common cold and nasal allergy in Japan, was examined for its effects on the therapeutic activity of a new benzoxazinorifamycin, KRM-1648 (KRM), against Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection in mice. In addition, we examined the effects of MBST on the anti-MAC activity of murine peritoneal macrophages (M phi s). First, MBST significantly increased the anti-MAC therapeutic activity of KRM when given to mice in combination with KRM, although MBST alone did not exhibit such effects. Second, MBST treatment of M phi s significantly enhanced the KRM-mediated killing of MAC bacteria residing in M phi s, although MBST alone did not potentiate the M phi anti-MAC activity. MBST-treated M phi s showed decreased levels of reactive nitrogen intermediate (RNI) release, suggesting that RNIs are not decisive in the expression of the anti-MAC activity of such M phi populations. MBST partially blocked the interleukin-10 (IL-10) production of MAC-infected M phi s without affecting their transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)-producing activity. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis of the lung tissues of MAC-infected mice at weeks 4 and 8 after infection revealed a marked increase in the levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), IL-10, and TGF-beta mRNAs. KRM treatment of infected mice tended to decrease the levels of the test cytokine mRNAs, except that it increased TGF-beta mRNA expression at week 4. MBST treatment did not affect the levels of any cytokine mRNAs at week 8, while it down-regulated cytokine mRNA expression at week 4. At week 8, treatment of mice with a combination of KRM and MBST caused a marked decrease in the levels of the test cytokines mRNAs, especially IL-10 and IFN-gamma mRNAs, although such effects were obscure at week 4. These findings suggest that down-regulation of the expression of IL-10 and TGF-beta is related to the combined therapeutic effects of KRM and MBST against MAC infection.  (+info)

The pharmacokinetics of artemisinin after administration of two different suppositories to healthy Vietnamese subjects. (3/2638)

Eight healthy Vietnamese male subjects received 400 mg artemisinin formulated into fatty suppositories (FS), and six different subjects received 500 mg of artemisinin formulated in polyethylene glycol suppositories (PEGS). Plasma concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection; concentration versus time curves were analyzed with nonparametric methods. No statistically significant differences were found between the two formulations. The maximum concentration (Cmax) was 100 +/- 102 microg/L (mean +/- SD, range = 24-330) microg/L (FS), the pharmacokinetic lag time (Tlag) was 1.3 +/- 1.0 hr (range = 0-3) (FS), and the time of the maximum concentration (Tmax) was 7.1 +/- 2.1 hr (range = 3-10) hr (FS). Because artemisinin is not available for intravenous dosage, absolute bioavailability cannot be assessed. However, compared with a previous study on oral artemisinin in healthy Vietnamese subjects, bioavailability relative to oral administration was estimated to be approximately 30%. We conclude that therapeutic blood concentrations of artemisinin can be reached after rectal dosage. The dose after rectal administration should probably be higher than after oral administration; doubling or tripling the oral dose might be necessary, which would imply a rectal dose of at least 20 mg/kg of body weight given twice a day.  (+info)

Effect of alpha-hederin on hepatic detoxifying systems in mice. (4/2638)

AIM: To examine whether alpha-hederin (Hed) modulates hepatic detoxifying systems as a means of hepatoprotection. METHODS: Mice were injected Hed 10 and 30 mumol.kg-1 sc for 3 d, and liver cytosols were prepared 24 h after the last dose to study antioxidant enzymes and nonenzymatic defense components. RESULTS: Hed increased liver glutathione (GSH) content (20%), but had no effect on GSH peroxidase, GSH reductase, and GSH S-transferase. The activities of superoxide dismutase and quinone reductase were unaffected by Hed treatment. At the high dose of Hed, catalase activity was decreased by 20%. Hepatic content of metallothionein was dramatically increased (50-fold), along with elevations of hepatic Zn and Cu concentrations (25%-80%). Hed also increased ascorbic acid concentration (20%), but no effect on alpha-tocopherol in liver. CONCLUSION: Hed enhanced some nonenzymatic antioxidant components in liver, which play a partial role in Hed protection against hepatotoxicity produced by some chemicals.  (+info)

Antioxidative and chelating activities of phenylpropanoid glycosides from Pedicularis striata. (5/2638)

AIM: To study the antioxidative and iron chelating activities of phenylpropanoid glycosides (PPG) isolated from a Chinese herb Pedicularis striata. METHODS: Antioxidative effects of PPG on lipid peroxidation induced by FeSO4-edetic acid in linoleic acid were measured by thiobarbituric acid method. Chelating activities of PPG for Fe2+ were tested by differential spectrum method. RESULTS: The reaction rates (A532.min-1) of lipid peroxidation were 0.0046 in the control, 0.0021 in verbascoside group, and 0.0008 in isoverbascoside group. The chelating activity of isoverbascoside was 2-fold stronger than that of verbascoside. Permethyl verbascoside showed neither antioxidative nor chelating activities. CONCLUSION: The inhibitory effects of PPG with phenolic hydroxy groups on lipid peroxidation are owing to their chelating properties. Under physiological condition PPG-Fe2+ chelates are sufficiently stable. Thus PPG are able to inhibit the Fe(2+)-dependent lipid peroxidation in vivo through chelating Fe2+ and exhibit their therapeutic potential by the same mechanism in vitro.  (+info)

Effect of praeruptorin C on spontaneous [Ca2+]i transients in cultured myocardial cells of neonatal rats. (6/2638)

AIMS: To study the effects of praeruptorin C (Pra-C) on [Ca2+]i transients in cultured neonatal myocardiocytes. METHOD: Using Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent indicator, Fura 2-AM, spontaneous cytosolic Ca2+ transients were measured in cultured myocardial cells of neonatal rats. RESULTS: Pra-C 10, 30 mumol.L-1 caused a decrease in the peak of Ca2+ transients. Pra-C 30 mumol.L-1 and 10-30 mumol.L-1 inhibited partly the stimulatory effects of CaCl2 4.8 mmol.L-1 and Bay k 8644 100 nmol.L-1 on peak Ca2+ transients, respectively. Pra-C did not cause any marked change in the basal [Ca2+]i level between beats. Pra-C inhibited the reduced [Ca2+]i transients after inhibition of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release in ryanodine pretreated cells. CONCLUSIONS: Pra-C inferred with the Ca2+ influx responsible for excitation-contraction coupling in myocardiocytes.  (+info)

Effects of praeruptorine C on the intracellular free calcium in normal and hypertrophied rat ventricular myocytes. (7/2638)

AIM: To study the intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) in normal and hypertrophic left ventricular myocytes isolated from adult rat hearts and the effects of praeruptorine C (Pra-C) on them. METHODS: [Ca2+]i of single myocyte was measured with Fura 2-AM. RESULTS: The resting [Ca2+]i was 87 +/- 4 nmol.L-1 in normal left ventricular myocytes, 123 +/- 7 nmol.L-1 in hypertrophied myocytes. After exposure to KCl (20, 40, and 60 mmol.L-1), the [Ca2+]i were increased by 66%, 141%, and 268% in normal myocytes, and 77%, 185%, and 243% in hypertrophic myocytes, respectively. Pra-C (1, 10, and 100 mumol.L-1) concentration-dependently inhibited the [Ca2+]i elevation caused by KCl (35 mmol.L-1) or norepinephrine (20 mumol.L-1) in both normal and hypertrophied myocytes. All of the effects of Pra-C were similar to that of nifedipine. CONCLUSION: [Ca2+]i of hypertrophied myocytes was higher than that of normal ones and Pra-C decrease the [Ca2+]i elevation in left ventricular myocytes resulted from its calcium channel blockade.  (+info)

Antinociceptive effect of Gosha-jinki-gan, a Kampo medicine, in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. (8/2638)

We evaluated the antinociceptive effect of Gosha-jinki-gan, a Kampo medicine including processed Aconiti tuber, and its mechanism in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Gosha-jinki-gan (0.1-1.0 g/kg, p.o.) showed a more potent antinociceptive effect in diabetic mice than in non-diabetic mice. The antinociceptive effect of Gosha-jinki-gan (0.3 g/kg, p.o.) in diabetic mice was inhibited by administration of either anti-dynorphin antiserum (5 microg, i.t.) or nor-binaltorphimine (10 mg/kg, s.c.), a kappa-opioid antagonist. The antinociceptive activity of Gosha-jinki-gan (0.3, 1.0 g/kg, p.o.) was decreased by excluding processed Aconiti tuber. Furthermore, the antinociceptive effect of processed Aconiti tuber (0.03, 0.1 g/kg, p.o.) was also shown to be enhanced in diabetic mice. These results suggest that the increased antinociceptive effect of Gosha-jinki-gan in diabetic mice is partly derived from the action of processed Aconiti tuber and that it is based on stimulation of spinal kappa-opioid receptors via dynorphin release. Gosha-jinki-gan was considered useful for treating painful diabetic neuropathy.  (+info)

Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine can be effective in treating Viral Hepatitis. Learn about Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine, see related evidence, and find other smart treatments for Viral Hepatitis at FoundHealth.
The invention discloses compound traditional Chinese medicinal herbal fermented health-care liquor for promoting digestion and strengthening stomach and a production method thereof. The health-care liquor is prepared by performing anaerobic fermentation on compound traditional Chinese medicinal herbal composite fermentation broth by utilizing high-activity brewer yeast and using hawthorn, fructus amomi, myristica fragrans, galangal, clove, yam, rebaudiana and the like as raw materials, wherein the compound traditional Chinese medicinal herbal composite fermentation broth comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 27-33 percent of hawthorn juice, 8-12 percent of fructus amomi extract, 10-14 percent of myristica fragrans extract, 12-18 percent of galangal extract, 6-10 percent of clove extract, 18-22 percent of yam juice, and 4-6 percent of rebaudiana extract. According to the health-care liquor, natural nutrition in the traditional Chinese medicinal herbs can be kept,
Aim of the study: To investigate the neuroprotective effect of aqueous extract of modified Wu-Zi-Yan-Zong granule (MWG), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, against CoCl2-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. Materials and methods: Cell viability assay, apoptosis rate assay, ROS detection and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) assay were performed. In addition, cytochrome c, caspase-3, PARP and MAPKs were also detected by Western blotting. Results: MWG extract increased viability and suppresses early and middle/late stage apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in CoCl2-induced PC12 cells. Moreover, MWG extract decreased the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), increased MMP, regulated Bcl-2 family protein expression (Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL) and inhibited the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria. In addition, MWG extract attenuated activation of caspase-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) and inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK, c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 ...
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine therapy with the safety and effectiveness among these treatments draw many people attention on the disease treatment
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of Chinese herbal medicines on the risk of overall mortality, readmission, and reoperation in hip fracture patients. AU - Cheng, Chi Fung. AU - Lin, Ying Ju. AU - Tsai, Fuu Jen. AU - Li, Te Mao. AU - Lin, Ting Hsu. AU - Liao, Chiu Chu. AU - Huang, Shao Mei. AU - Liu, Xiang. AU - Li, Ming Ju. AU - Ban, Bo. AU - Liang, Wen Miin. AU - Lin, Jeff Chien Fu. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Hip fracture is a major public health concern, with high incidence rates in the elderly worldwide. Hip fractures are associated with increased medical costs, patient dependency on families, and higher rates of morbidity and mortality. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is typically characterized as cost-effective and suitable for long-term use with few side effects. To better understand the effects of CHM on hip fracture patients, we utilized a population-based database to investigate the demographic characteristics, cumulative incidence of overall mortality, readmission, reoperation, and ...
Many kidney-tonifying Chinese herbal medicines exert effects on anti-aging by comprehensive interactions of multiple targets. However, the interactions of multi-targets targeted by effective ingredients of kidney-tonifying Chinese herbal medicines are unknown. In this study, to explore the systems pharmacology mechanisms of kidney-tonifying Chinese medicines on anti-aging, we establish the molecular networks with the interactions of multi-targets, analyze bio-functions and pathways with IPA, and calculated the mutual interaction pairs of targets (target pairs) with data mining, respectively. Kidney-tonifying Chinese medicines with anti-aging effects were screened from the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the literatures. Target proteins of these herbal medicines were obtained from bioinformatics databases. Comparisons of molecular networks, bio-functions and pathways given by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis system showed the similarities and the differences between kidney Yin-tonifying herbal medicines and kidney
The effects of Chinese Herbal Medicine on Blood- Brain Barrier Lihong Deng and Shao Liu* Zhongshan Asia Pacific Hospital, 3 Nanjiang Road, Zhongshan,
Liuwei Dihuang (LWDH), a classic Chinese medicinal formula, has been used to improve or restore declined functions related to aging and geriatric diseases, such as impaired mobility, vision, hearing, cognition and memory. Here, we report on the effect and possible mechanisms of LWDH mediated protection of β-amyloid (Aβ) induced paralysis in Caenorhabditis elegans using ethanol extract (LWDH-EE) and water extract (LWDH-WE). Chemical profiling and quantitative analysis revealed the presence of different levels of bioactive components in these extracts. LWDH-WE was rich in polar components such as monosaccharide dimers and trimers, whereas LWDH-EE was enriched in terms of phenolic compounds such as gallic acid and paeonol. In vitro studies revealed higher DPPH radical scavenging activity for LWDH-EE as compared to that found for LWDH-WE. Neither LWDH-EE nor LWDH-WE were effective in inhibiting aggregation of Aβ in vitro. By contrast, LWDH-EE effectively delayed Aβ induced paralysis in the transgenic C.
Thirty-nine randomised controlled trials involving a total of 3475 women were included in the review. A number of the trials were of small sample size and poor methodological quality. Results for Chinese herbal medicine compared to placebo were unclear as data could not be combined (3 RCTs). Chinese herbal medicine resulted in significant improvements in pain relief (14 RCTs; RR 1.99, 95% CI 1.52 to 2.60), overall symptoms (6 RCTs; RR 2.17, 95% CI 1.73 to 2.73) and use of additional medication (2 RCTs; RR 1.58, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.93) when compared to use of pharmaceutical drugs. Self-designed Chinese herbal formulae resulted in significant improvements in pain relief (18 RCTs; RR 2.06, 95% CI 1.80 to 2.36), overall symptoms (14 RCTs; RR 1.99, 95% CI 1.65 to 2.40) and use of additional medication (5 RCTs; RR 1.58, 95% CI 1.34 to 1.87) after up to three months of follow-up when compared to commonly used Chinese herbal health products. Chinese herbal medicine also resulted in better pain relief than ...
Chronic hepatitis B is an infectious disease of the liver caused by hepatitis B virus. Around 350 million people worldwide are chronic infected carriers of the virus. Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs have for long been used for treating chronic liver diseases both in China and in Southeast Asia. This systematic review evaluates the effect of Chinese medicinal herbs (single or compound) for treating chronic hepatitis B infection.. The review of trials found that some of the Chinese medicinal herbs may have a positive effect on the clearance of hepatitis B virus and on the diseased liver. However, the methodological quality of the trials evaluating these herbs was generally poor. Analysis of the identified trials also indicated that trials with positive findings are more likely to be published than trials without significant findings. Further, medicinal herbs may be associated with side effects. Therefore, Chinese medicinal herbs should not be used outside new trials. Testing the herbs in ...
I practice Jing Fang (Classical Prescriptions) Chinese herbal medicine.. What is Herbal Medicine? Herbal medicine is the use of plants for medicinal purposes. It is one of the oldest and most widespread forms of medical intervention. Herbal medicine can be used to treat all illnesses.. Herbal medicine in pharmaceutical drugs. Many modern pharmaceutical drugs have been developed from traditional herbal medicines. For example, aspirin was first produced in 1899 from salicylic acid in willow bark, building on traditional knowledge of the herbs painkilling properties. Similarly atropine (from deadly nightshade), digoxin (from foxgloves), morphine (from opium poppies), quinine (from the bark of the Cinchona tree) and artemisinin (from Artemisia annua) are important drugs developed from traditional knowledge of herbal uses. Chinese Herbal Medicine. Whilst Western pharmaceutical drugs have been developed to target certain diseases, Chinese Herbal Medicine uses herb combinations to treat the patient, ...
The toxicity and side effects caused by adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) after radical surgery for lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) lead to early termination frequently. This study was conducted to provide an objective basis for the effect of Chinese herbal medicine formulas (CHMFs) combined with chemotherapy in reducing toxicity and enhancing efficacy of ACT. From February 17th, 2012 to March 20th, 2015, 233 patients from 7 hospitals diagnosed with LAC in IB~IIIA stage were randomly assigned into ACT + CHMF group (116 patients) and ACT + placebo group (117 patients). CHMF was taken orally until the end of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy-related toxic, side effects were investigated as the primary outcome. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were used as the secondary outcome. At one week following chemotherapy, the incidence of dry mouth, diarrhea and thrombocytopenia significantly decreased in CHMF group (P = 0.017, P = 0.033, P = 0.019, respectively). At two weeks following chemotherapy, fatigue and
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1, Customized prescription Chinese herbal medicine vs prepared formula?. Customized prescription Chinese herbal medicine is unique designed for you and your current health conditin and symptoms. If you cant find a prepared formula for your problem, this is the only way to take Chinese medicine treatment. They are more effective, quick recovery result and expensive than prepared formula. If you suffer from a health problem badly and if you can offord it, try to take prescription herbal medicine first and then continue take prepared formula to maintain the result when you feel much better. If you think your problem is not too bad, or you never take Chinese herbal medicine before or seldom take, prepared formula is a good choice.. Prepared formula is more cost effective and easy to take because they are normally in pill, tablet or capsule, and flavourless. But prescription herbal medicine is in concentrated granule and need to use hot water to make a tea drink. Some people think it tastes ...
Older research outputs will score higher simply because theyve had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 185,566 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 84% of its contemporaries ...
Chinese Herbal Drugs: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Developed over 6000 years, Chinese Herbal Medicine is the most widely used healing system in the world combining the precision of science with healing wisdom. This traditions understanding of health is based on principles of wellness. In practice this model treats and prevents illness,restores and develops optimal health,and enhances wellbeing of body, mind and spirit Chinese Herbal Medicine is one of the Five Branches or disciplines of Chinese Medicine which are: Mind/Body/Spirit, Diet and Nutrition, Herbal Medicine, Energy Practices (Qi Gong, Tai Chi, and massage) and Acupuncture. Although it can stand alone Herbal Medicine practitioners are trained and choose to practice all five disciplines. Chinese Herbal Medicine parallels the Western disciplines of internal medicine,family practice, diet and nutritional sciences, pharmacology as well multiple sub-speciality disciplines such as Gynecology, Psychology, Cardiovascular, Hormonal, Pain and trauma and so on. In accord with high
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Highlights. In this review, the researchers summarized the characteristics and associated mechanisms of naringin, the pharmacologically active compound of the Chinese herb Huajuhong (Exocarpium Citri grandis, ECG) in alleviating multiple respiratory diseases, and discussed its potential application in the prevention and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019.. Traditionality. The Chinese herb Huajuhong is the dried epicarp of ECG, an herb that originated from Huazhou town in the Guangdong province of South China. It was first documented in an ancient book of traditional Chinese medicine, Bencao Gangmu Shiyi (Supplement to Compendium of Materia Medica), which was written in 1765 C.E. It has been used as folk herbal medicine in the treatment of respiratory diseases for hundreds of years in China. ECG was included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia since 1977 and was a primary ingredient in many famous traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions. ECG contains flavonoids, and naringin is the primary active ...
Learn about acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine Owen McPeake, M.Ac, L.Om will offer an acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine workshop on Saturday March 12th , 2016 10 to 1 PM at Clay on Main in Oley. The three hour workshop will feature a presentation on the basics on one of the oldest medical systems in … Continue reading Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine Workshop
Get information, facts, and pictures about Chinese herbal medicine at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Chinese herbal medicine easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of anti-inflammation, including cellular immunity, inflammatory mediators, reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide and several transcriptional factors, in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. This article reviews the roles of Chinese medicinal herbs as well as their ingredients in the inflammatory cascade induced by cerebral ischemia. Chinese medicinal herbs exert neuroprotective effects on cerebral ischemia. The effects include inhibiting the activation of microglia, decreasing levels of adhesion molecules such as intracellular adhesion molecule-1, attenuating expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α, reducing inducible nitric oxide synthase and reactive oxygen species, and regulating transcription factors such as nuclear factor-κB.
Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of anti-inflammation, including cellular immunity, inflammatory mediators, reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide and several transcriptional factors, in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. This article reviews the roles of Chinese medicinal herbs as well as their ingredients in the inflammatory cascade induced by cerebral ischemia. Chinese medicinal herbs exert neuroprotective effects on cerebral ischemia. The effects include inhibiting the activation of microglia, decreasing levels of adhesion molecules such as intracellular adhesion molecule-1, attenuating expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α, reducing inducible nitric oxide synthase and reactive oxygen species, and regulating transcription factors such as nuclear factor-κB.
Abstract: Objective: To observe whether Naomai Yihao (NM) Capsule, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine for regulating the sea of blood in brain, and bone marrow stromal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation could improve angiogenesis in focal cerebral ischemia in rats.Methods: A rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was established. The rats were divided into untreated group, NM group, BMSC group and combination of NM and BMSC group (combined treatment group). Another 8 normal rats were selected as sham-operated group. After 3-, 7- and 14-day reperfusion, behavioral rating scale (BRS) of the rats and histopathology of the cerebral tissue were evaluated. Expression of CD31 in the brain tissue was also measured by immunohistochemical method.Results: Compared with the untreated group, BRSs of the NM group, BMSC group and combined treatment group were decreased significantly (P=0.000), but there was no interacting effect between NM and BMSC transplantation. Compared with the ...
In this study, a quick, simple and accurate method was established to determine the components of ferulic acid, coniferyl ferulate and ligustilidein Angelicae Sinensis Radix. Using dimethyl sulfoxide-d 6 (DMSO-d 6 ) as the test solvent and pyrazine as the internal standard substance, 1H-qNMR (quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy) measurement was performed on a 600MHz spectrometer. The linear relationship, limit of detection, limit of quantification, precision, stability and recovery were verified and the results were good. On the other hand, it was verified by High-performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC), and the HPLC used for verification passed the methodological investigation of linearity, precision, repeatability, stability and recovery, and the results were good. The method can be used for simultaneous determination of 3 active components, and providing a scientific basis for the overall quality evaluation and quality control of Angelicae Sinensis Radix. ...
Shuangren-Anshen capsule (SAC) is a traditional Chinese herb that was improved in our laboratory. An orthogonal experiment [L9(3)4] was used to optimize the extraction conditions. In vivo, a hemorrhage mouse model was established and the hemoglobin contents of normal control, model control, and treated mice were measured. Additionally, the sedative and hypnotic effects of SACs were assessed based on pharmacological parameters such as changes in locomotive activity, forelimb raising, sleep latency, sleep duration, and number of mice that fell asleep.
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The increasing prevalence of allergic diseases in westernized countries poses a significant health problem and a tremendous burden on quality of life and healthcare expenditure. Food allergy affects as many as 6% of young children and 3% to 4% of adults. While the majority of children outgrow their allergy to milk, egg, wheat and soy, allergies to peanut, tree nuts, fish and shellfish are often life-long. Currently, there are no treatments that can cure or provide long-term remission from food allergy. Based on our preliminary studies, we hypothesize that our investigational botanical drug, FAHF-2TM, will be a safe and effective herbal therapy for food allergy. We are enrolling those age 12-45 yrs old with allergies to peanut, tree nuts, sesame, fish, and/or shellfish ...
The increasing prevalence of allergic diseases in westernized countries poses a significant health problem and a tremendous burden on quality of life and healthcare expenditure. Food allergy affects as many as 6% of young children and 3% to 4% of adults. While the majority of children outgrow their allergy to milk, egg, wheat and soy, allergies to peanut, tree nuts, fish and shellfish are often life-long. Currently, there are no treatments that can cure or provide long-term remission from food allergy. Based on our preliminary studies, we hypothesize that our investigational botanical drug, FAHF-2TM, will be a safe and effective herbal therapy for food allergy. We are enrolling those age 12-45 yrs old with allergies to peanut, tree nuts, sesame, fish, and/or shellfish ...
Carcinogenesis is now considered as a result from a multitude of gene mutations [36], thus inhibition of a single gene product or cell signaling pathway is unlikely to prevent or treat cancer. The mechanisms vary considerably among various types of tumors. Alterations of different signaling pathways are involved in most of the pathological changes associated with these mechanisms. Many natural agents, in which TCM is included, have multi-targeting properties. We herein provide in vitro evidence that ZJW, a well-established TCM formula, has the potential for CRC intervention, which is accord to results obtained previously [6, 11]. It is a limitation not to perform cell vitality assay for ZJW in normal colorectal cells. However, the traditional Chinese herbal medicine ZJW has been used to treat gastrointestinal disorders for over 600 years in China. Nowadays, it is widely used in clinical medicine with proved security.. The present study showed that ZJW treatment, like that of 5-HTR1D antagonist, ...
Over-proliferation of airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) is one of the important contributors to airway remodeling in asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Shenmai injection (SMI) on the proliferation of the rat ASMC in asthma. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the asthma group, and the SMI treatment group. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunocytochemistry staining were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in rat ASMC respectively. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration ( [Ca2+]i ) in rat ASMC were measured with Fluo-3/AM by confocal microscopy. The proliferation was detected by MTT assay. Compared with the control group, the asthma group showed an increased expression of TRPV1 and [Ca2+]i in rat ASMC. The expression of PCNA and absorbance of MTT assay in asthma rat ASMC was also significantly increased. SMI could
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Chinese medicine practitioner Tony Harrison donated his well established collection of Chinese herbs to the university in 2000, after it became too large for his own plot in Cotham, Bristol. Part of the gardens purpose is a dedication to teaching traditional Chinese herbal medicine. The collection is vital for research, which requires the living plant, said Tony Harrison. We will also be introducing students of herbal medicine to plants they have previously only seen as dried specimens. Wow, its fantastic to hear how Chinese medicine is spreading and everyday more Westerners are being introduced to the benefits of this incredibly ancient medicine. According to Nick the curator, 80% of the worlds population still depend on plants for their health care. Amazing, you would never know that by the amount of pills Americans take… but we are the minority ...
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ASTRAGALUS : http://88swiss.com/astragalus/index.htm. Astragalus is an ancient traditional Chinese herbal medicine that is derived from roots of various Astragalus species that are native to China, Korea and North America. Called Huang Qi in Chinese traditional medcine, it is purported to have immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antiviral and cardiotonic activities and is used to treat stress, fatigue, pain, memory loss, viral infections, hypercholesterolemia, cancer, heart failure, and kidney and liver disease. It is also used as a general tonic to increase energy, reduce fatigue and counteract the effects of aging. Its efficacy in these conditions has not been shown in controlled prospective studies, but it has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries and is currently becoming a popular herbal product in Western countries. Astragalus extracts have multiple chemical constituents and the specific active ingredient responsibility for its activity has not been identified. Constituents ...
Chinese herbal medicine takes an holistic approach to understanding normal function and disease processes and focuses as much on the prevention of illness as on the treatment.. Most diseases or illnesses present with a core set of recognisable signs and symptoms, but the actual presentation of a particular disease or illness will vary from person to person. For this reason, people with similar health conditions may be provided with quite different Chinese herbal medicine prescriptions.. A qualified practitioner is able to prescribe a Chinese herbal formula that specifically matches and treats your individual health problem. As your condition changes and improves with treatment, the Chinese herbal treatment is also adjusted and modified until the desired health outcome is achieved.. - What substances are used in Chinese herbal medicine? ...
We explored the effects of combination of acupuncture and Chinese medicinal herbs in treating model rats with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and to explore whether acupuncture has positive effects on the absorption of salvianolic acid B in the extracts of a Chinese medicine formula when treating the model rats. 60 female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into Groups A, B, C, D, E and F, with ten rats in each group. Except Group F, all of the other rats were induced to PCOS with oral administration of letrozole. The rats in Group F served as normal controls. Group A was treated with acupuncture. Group B was treated with oral administration of the extracts of the Chinese medicine formula. Group C was treated with a combination of oral administration of the extracts of Chinese medicine and acupuncture. Group D received western medicine as positive controls. After treatment, the serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone(LH) and testosterone (T) in each ...
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Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been increasingly employed during therapy for breast cancer, but its efficacy remains a matter of debate. This systematic review examined randomized controlled trials to provide a critical evaluation of this treatment. The results demonstrated that the combined use of CHM with chemotherapy may improve the immediate tumor response and reduce chemotherapy-associated adverse events. Our findings highlight the poor quality of Chinese studies, and additional well-designed randomized controlled trials addressing the role of CHM are warranted. The lack of molecular-based evidence for CHM and Zheng has resulted in a limited understanding and acceptance of CHM and traditional Chinese medicine in Western countries. We believe that researchers should immediately explore a CHM-based cure, and CHM should be applied to routine care as soon as conclusive data are available.. ...
Chinese herbal medicine is a good choice for a patient who does not have obvious symptoms, it can help the patient alleviate the symptoms and restore the damaged kidney function at the same time. With the help of Chinese medicine, the patient can get a chance to avoid dialysis. But Chinese herbal medicine, which we discussed above, is not intended for one therapy, it is a series of methods based on traditional Chinese medicinal herbs. Among them, osmotherapy of micro-Chinese medicine is representative, it has a remarkable curative effect in the treatment of kidney diseases, and now it is widely used in China. Cooperating with other types of treatment, he can solve problems with the kidneys because of the underlying causes ...
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
An article recently published in the Journal of Internal Medicine reported that a recent analysis of Chinese herbal medicines finds many are contaminated with prescription medications.. Dietary supplements are defined and regulated by the 1994 Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act enacted by the U.S. Congress. This act defines dietary supplements as orally ingested foods that include botanical products (such as herbal remedies), and non-botanical substances (such as glands, minerals, metalloids, amino acids, vitamins, and microbial products), and traditional cultural remedies, including Asian herbal prescription medicines. According to this law, the dietary supplement manufacturer is responsible for ensuring that a dietary supplement is safe before it is marketed, but does not need to provide such information to the US Food and Drug Administration unless it is contains an ingredient not sold in the US prior to 1994. Since there is no federal regulation, there is essentially no quality ...
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"Pyrrolizidine alkaloids-tumorigenic components in Chinese herbal medicines and dietary supplements". Journal of Food and Drug ... "The Book of Herbal Wisdom: Using Plants As Medicines." Berkeley CA. North Atlantic Books. 1997. Rizk A. M. Naturally Occurring ... United States Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 2009-07-11. Schoental, R.; Kelly, JS (April 1959). "Liver lesions in ... Radominska-Pandya, A (2010). "Invited Speakers". Drug Metabolism Reviews. 42 (S1): 1-2. doi:10.3109/03602532.2010.506057. PMID ...
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs. 31 (6): 404-405. Qiao CF; et al. (2007). "HPLC determination of two bioactive flavone ... It is endemic to south-east Asia including Bhutan, China, India, Thailand, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka. In India it is ... Wikispecies Chinese Plants Genetic Information at UNIPROT Species Diversity of Bhutan[permanent dead link] Bangladesh ... IJPI's Journal of Pharmacognosy and Herbal Formulations. 2 (9): 28-32. Roy B, Dasgupta S, Tandon V (2009). "Ultrastructural ...
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs. 31 (6): 404-405. Brown, Paul B. "Food Webs in the 21st Century: Exploration of New ... China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica. 31 (19): 1597-1600. PMID 17165583. Chunfeng, Qiao; Zhengtao, Wang; Hui, Dong; Luoshan ...
Li BQ, Song QS (2009). "Chemical constituents in roots of Flemingia macrophylla". Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs. 40 (2 ... Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China (Fabaceae) (10 ed.). Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press ... Thus its natural habitat is Asia including Bhutan, southern China, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Nepal, ... Information at Tropical Forages Information at Flora of China Taxonomy at the Plant List "Flemingia macrophylla". Germplasm ...
Ching, Felix M. (2007). Chinese Herbal Drug Research Trends. Nova Publishers. ISBN 9781600219283. Doja A, Roberts W (2006). " ... Several Chinese emperors and other Chinese nobles are known or suspected to have died or been sickened by mercury poisoning ... The drug n-acetyl penicillamine has been used to treat mercury poisoning with limited success. Quicksilver (liquid metallic ... Among the most prominent examples: The first emperor of unified China, Qin Shi Huang, it is reported, died in 210 BC of ...
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs (6): 862-865.. ... Aconitum flavum ( 伏毛鐵棒鎚 , Chinese interpretation : Fluff iron ... "Study on diterpene alkaloids from the roots of Aconitum flavum". Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences. 41 (24): 1851-4. ...
ISBN 978-0-521-08571-7. Li, Hui-Lin (January 1978). "Hallucinogenic Plants in Chinese Herbals". Journal of Psychedelic Drugs. ... The oldest texts of Traditional Chinese Medicine listed herbal uses for cannabis and noted some psychodynamic effects. The (ca ... "Perforated skulls provide evidence of craniotomy in ancient China". China Economic Net. 2007-01-26. Jiang, Hong-En; Li, Xiao; ... with certain other drugs) for up to a hundred days." Cannabis has been cultivated in China since Neolithic times, for instance ...
Chen, Z. "Studies on the Chemical Constituents of Chinese Tupelo (Nyssa sinensis)." CHINESE TRADITIONAL AND HERBAL DRUGS 27 ( ... Nyssa sinensis (Chinese tupelo) is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae (or Nyssaceae), native to China and ... "Nyssa sinensis". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. ...
Drugs.com Herbal Database". Drugs.com. Retrieved 2018-11-19. "Plantain (Che Qian Zi) - Chinese Herbs in New York, NY". Chinese ... According to traditional Chinese medicine, all parts of the plant are medicine to cool heat and promote urination, cause ... Common names include Chinese plantain, obako, arnoglossa,[citation needed] and Asiatic plantain. The plant is a perennial herb ... The Chinese medicinal herb farm: A cultivator's guide to small-scale Organic Herb Production. Chelsea Green Publishing. pp. 237 ...
Tang, W. (1992). Chinese Drugs of Plant Origins. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-19309-X. Phillipson, Carol A. Newall ; ... Linda A. Anderson ; J. David (1996). Herbal medicines : a guide for health care professionals (Reprinted. ed.). London: ...
"The use of Chinese herbal drugs in Islamic medicine". Journal of Integrative Medicine. 13 (6): 363-7. doi:10.1016/S2095-4964(15 ... awareness has been created related to safety and adverse drug reaction monitoring of herbal drugs including Unani drugs. ... Alam, Zulfeequar (2008). Herbal Medicines. APH. pp. 13-15. ISBN 9788131303580. Chishti, p. 2. Kapoor, p. 7264 Exchanges between ... III Part 2 (India's Interaction with China, Central and West Asia), Ed. A. Rahman, Centre for Studies in Civilizations, Project ...
a Chinese herbal formulation, FAHF-2, another non-specific approach currently being studied in peanut allergy; ... In pharmacology, drug desensitization is equivalent to drug tolerance, though the latter term refers to the more general ... concept of subjects' reactions (positive or negative) to a drug reducing following its repeated use. ...
... tumorigenic components in Chinese herbal medicines and dietary supplements". Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. 10 (4): 198-211 ... Cynoglossum amabile, the Chinese hound's tongue or Chinese forget-me-not, is a species of flowering plant in the family ... "Cynoglossum amabile - Chinese forget-me-not". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 15 August 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
Hermann R, von Richter O (September 2012). "Clinical evidence of herbal drugs as perpetrators of pharmacokinetic drug ... Chinese and Caucasians". Pharmacogenetics. 8 (4): 325-33. doi:10.1097/00008571-199808000-00006. PMID 9731719. Lilley LL, ... If such a drug is taken at the same time as a second drug that is a CYP2D6 substrate, the first drug may affect the elimination ... "Citalopram Oral Solution". Drugs.com. "Escitalopram-drug-information". UpToDate. Retrieved 2019-05-22. "Drug Development and ...
"Pyrrolizidine alkaloids-tumorigenic components in Chinese herbal medicines and dietary supplements". Journal of Food and Drug ... It is native to China, Japan, Korea and Sakhalin and introduced in Europe and North America. It was introduced to southern ...
"Pyrrolizidine alkaloids-tumorigenic components in Chinese herbal medicines and dietary supplements" (PDF). Journal of Food and ... Drug Analysis. 10 (4): 198-211. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-05. Wiedenfeld, H. (2011). "Plants containing ... School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University) (in Chinese) (in English) Ageratum conyzoides in West African plants ...
Herbal medicine Several herbs used in Traditional Chinese medicine contain drug compounds that are antagonists of P2X ... Anti-platelet drugs Many anti-platelet drugs such as Prasugrel, Ticagrelor, and Ticlopidine are adenosine diphosphate (ADP) ... Focus on effects of drugs and compounds used in traditional Chinese medicine". Neurochemistry International. 57 (7): 705-712. ... "Adenosine receptors as drug targets - what are the challenges?". Nature Reviews Drug Discovery. 12 (4): 265-286. doi:10.1038/ ...
Chinese herbal medicines for treating skin and soft-tissue infections PMID 25061914 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010619. ... Antimicrobial drugs for treating methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization PMID ... Drug therapy for symptoms associated with anxiety in adult palliative care patients PMID 28521070 https://doi.org/10.1002/ ... Drug therapy for the management of cancer-related fatigue PMID 20614448 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006704.pub3 ...
stem extracts Siddiqui H (1993) Safety of herbal drugs-an overview. Drugs News Views Kumar A, Rohal A, Chakraborty S, Tiwari R ... Chinese herbal remedies: Jin Bu Huan, Ma-huang, Shou Wu Pian, Bai Xian Pi. Examples include arsenic, carbon tetrachloride, and ... Drug metabolism is usually divided into two phases: phase 1 and phase 2. Phase 1 reaction is thought to prepare a drug for ... Drugs interact with the enzyme family in several ways. Drugs that modify cytochrome P-450 enzyme are referred to as either ...
The US Food and Drug Administration approved the drug in 2009. China portal Yunnan Baiyao Drug discovery Antimalarial ... Weina, PJ (2008). "Artemisinins from folklore to modern medicine--transforming an herbal extract to life-saving drugs". ... People's Republic of China List of Chinese discoveries and List of Chinese inventions Chinese herbology and Traditional Chinese ... Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (now the China Academy of Traditional Chinese ...
"Chinese herbal compound relieves inflammatory and neuropathic pain". "Targeted disruption of the orphanin FQ/nociceptin gene ... In 2004, Nature Drug Discovery recognized him as one of the world's 20 leading experts on GPCR research and The Scientist ... "Chinese herbal compound relieves inflammatory and neuropathic pain". "Reverse pharmacology and the de-orphanization of 7TM ... He is most known for his work in advancing understanding of neurotransmission and his impact on drug discovery. Civelli's ...
It is widely grown throughout China, where it is often used as an ingredient in a herbal contraceptive.[9] It has also been ... used in the anti-cancer drug 'Irisquinone', which comes from a herbal remedy.[24] The rhizomes are also used in traditional ... In China, it is written as 白花马蔺 白花马蔺 in Chinese script and known as 'bai hua ma lin' in Pidgin in China.[5][16] It also known ... White-flower Chinese Iris". botany.cz. Retrieved 29 October 2014.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j "Iris lactea Pall". efloras.org. ...
... this Chinese herbal classic describes 1892 "drugs" (with 1110 drawings), including many species of Aristolochia. For 400 years ... Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica, Third Edition. 2004. pp 1054-55. Vanherweghem, J.-L.; Tielemans, C.; Abramowicz, D.; ... Aristolochia is a component of some Chinese herbal medicines. Aristolochia has been shown to be both a potent carcinogen and ... ACS (2006) Cosyns, J. P. (2003). "Aristolochic acid and 'Chinese herbs nephropathy': a review of the evidence to date". Drug ...
... a Chinese herbal formulation, FAHF-2, another non-specific approach currently being studied in peanut allergy; use of ... In pharmacology, drug desensitization refers to two related concepts. First, desensitization may be equivalent to drug ... tolerance and refers to subjects' reactions (positive or negative) to a drug reducing following its repeated use. This is a ... probiotics; helminthic therapy; a drug to suppress toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9); and mepolizumab to treat eosinophilic ...
Kampo medicine is used in Japan; Oren-gedoku-to is one such traditional herbal medicine being used both in Japan and China ... These drugs have been known to trigger bipolar disorder. In prescribing these drugs it might be well to inquire as to any ... It is therefore a non-systemic drug. 5-ASA is related to the systemic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ... Immunosuppressive drugs inhibit the immune system generally. These include the cytostatic drugs that inhibit cell division, ...
Zhongcaoyao (1983): Chinese Traditional and Herbal Medicine. Bd. 14, S. 33. Zhu, Judy T. T.; Choi, Roy C. Y.; Chu, Glanice K. Y ... In laboratory studies, a drug-resistant type HIV-1 cell-to-cell infection was inhibited with significant potency. The ...
"Regulation on Approval and Notification of Herbal (crude) Medicinal Preparations, Etc". Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. ... The catty, kati or jin (commonly in China), symbol 斤, is a traditional Chinese unit of mass used across East and Southeast Asia ... Chinese units of measurement Taiwanese units of measurement Japanese units of measurement Caddy (disambiguation) Tea caddy. ... In some countries, the weight has been rounded to 600 grams (Taiwan, Japan, Korea and Thailand). In mainland China, the catty ( ...
It was first produced in 1967, and is widely available at drug stores throughout Japan. Yunker contains Chinese herbal ...
... this Chinese herbal classic describes 1892 "drugs" (with 1110 drawings), including many species of Aristolochia.[6] For 400 ... Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica, Third Edition. 2004. pp 1054-55. *^ a b Vanherweghem, J.-L.; Tielemans, C.; Abramowicz ... Many required renal transplantation or dialysis.[21] Aristolochia is a component of some Chinese herbal medicines.[22] ... Cosyns, J. P. (2003). "Aristolochic acid and 'Chinese herbs nephropathy': a review of the evidence to date". Drug Saf. 26 (1): ...
In the 1980s, the company transformed from a traditional Chinese herbal manufacturer to generic drugs, health supplements and ... Its first product was Ho Yan Hor Herbal Tea, a Chinese herbal tea recipe made of 24 herbs. ... Ho (Chinese: 何继昌博士) formulated the tea in the early 1940s. He started to sell boiled herbal teas in front of his shop and ... It was formerly known as Ho Yan Hor Sdn Bhd (Chinese: 何人可私人有限公司). Hovid manufactures primarily generic drugs such as ...
De Smet, Peter A.G.M. (December 1997). "The Role of Plant-Derived Drugs and Herbal Medicines in Healthcare". Drugs. 54 (6): 801 ... considerations of Chinese Astrology and Chinese numerology, traditional use of herbs and other substances found in China - a ... Dasgupta, Amitava; Hammett-Stabler, Catherine A (2011). Herbal Supplements: Efficacy, Toxicity, Interactions with Western Drugs ... Some herbal remedies can cause dangerous interactions with chemotherapy drugs, radiation therapy, or anesthetics during surgery ...
In China, archaeological evidence of medicine in Chinese dates back to the Bronze Age Shang Dynasty, based on seeds for ... Acharya, Deepak and Shrivastava Anshu (2008): Indigenous Herbal Medicines: Tribal Formulations and Traditional Herbal Practices ... Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their actions.. *Photobiology is the study of the interactions between non-ionizing ... classical Chinese medicine (predecessor to the modern traditional Chinese medicine), and ancient Greek medicine and Roman ...
American chiropractors found that a slight majority favored allowing them to write prescriptions for over-the-counter drugs.[37 ... herbal remedies, and biofeedback.[21] ...
... "salji China," oleh kerana umat Islam mendapatkan orenya dari China, di kalangan tempat lain[283]). Umat Islam went beyond ... Phyllis A. Balch, Robert Rister (2002), Prescription for Herbal Healing: An Easy-To-Use A-Z Reference to Hundreds of Common ... A. Al Dayela and N. al-Zuhair (2006), "Single drug therapy in the treatment of male sexual/erectile dysfunction in Islamic ... Ancient Chinese Explorers, Evan Hadingham, Sultan's Lost Treasures, NOVA, PBS Television *^ Asia's Undersea Archeology, Richard ...
Herbal medicineEdit. The main use of anise in traditional European herbal medicine was for its carminative effect (reducing ... "Consolidated federal laws of canada, Food and Drug Regulations". laws.justice.gc.ca. Retrieved 2018-07-19.. ... is found in both anise and an unrelated spice indigenous to northern China[10] called star anise (Illicium verum) widely used ... flatulence),[4] as noted by John Gerard in his Great Herball, an early encyclopedia of herbal medicine: The seed wasteth and ...
Cordyceps information from Drugs.com. *Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Medicinal Plant Images Database (School of Chinese ... Zhu JS, Halpern GM, Jones K (1998). "The scientific rediscovery of an ancient Chinese herbal medicine: Cordyceps sinensis: part ... China Food and Drug Administration) since 2016.[2] O. sinensis parasitizes the larvae of moths within the family Hepialidae, ... དབྱར་རྩྭ་དགུན་འབུ་, Wylie: dbyar rtswa dgun 'bu, literally "summer grass, winter worm"), or dōng chóng xià cǎo (Chinese: 冬蟲夏草) ...
ChinaEdit. Khat is illegal in China.[52]. Hong KongEdit. Khat is regarded as a dangerous drug in Hong Kong. Traffickers can ... "Herbal stimulant khat to be banned". BBC News. 3 July 2013.. *^ "BBC News - Khat: What impact will UK herb stimulant ban have?" ... Khat is a controlled drug for the purpose of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1977 and Schedule 1 of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations ... Khat drug profile The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) ...
In China, the traditional Chinese medicine approach is used in formulating natural herbal teas and they are very popular in ... "Drugs.com. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.. *^ O'Toole, S.; Mullan, F. (2018). "The role of the diet in tooth wear" ( ... Herbal teas - less commonly[1] called tisanes (UK and US /tɪˈzæn/, US also /tɪˈzɑːn/)[2] - are beverages made from the infusion ... The herbal tea is then strained, sweetened, if desired, and served. Many companies produce herbal tea bags for such infusions. ...
Spinella M (2001). The Psychopharmacology of Herbal Medications: Plant Drugs That Alter Mind, Brain, and Behavior. MIT Press. ... Candied ginger is sometimes a component of Chinese candy boxes, and a herbal tea can be prepared from ginger. Raw ginger juice ... including the anticoagulant drug warfarin[40] and the cardiovascular drug nifedipine.[2] ... In China, sliced or whole ginger root is often paired with savory dishes such as fish, and chopped ginger root is commonly ...
Lovell, Julia (2012). The Opium War: Drugs, Dreams and the Making of China. Picador. ISBN 978-1-4472-0410-7.. ... The term herbal tea refers to drinks not made from Camellia sinensis: infusions of fruit, leaves, or other parts of the plant, ... Chinese Southern Yunnan Assam (large leaf) tea. Chinese (small leaf) type tea (C. sinensis var. sinensis) may have originated ... Most Chinese languages, such as Mandarin and Cantonese, pronounce it along the lines of cha, but Hokkien and Teochew Chinese ...
"Parsley information on Drugs.com".. *^ Jett, J. W. That Devilish Parsley Archived 2007-06-26 at the Wayback Machine West ...
Chinese herbal medicine for menopausal symptoms.. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 15 March 2016, 3: CD009023 [18 ... Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety. 2015, 6 (2): 45-56. ISSN 2042-0986. doi:10.1177/2042098614568300.. ... Clement, YN; Onakpoya, I; Hung, SK; Ernst, E. Effects of herbal and dietary supplements on cognition in menopause: a systematic ... 攝護腺肥大(英语:Template:Drugs used in benign prostatic hypertrophy) ...
... and herbal teas (gohyah tea). It has also been used in place of hops as the bittering ingredient in some beers in China and ... "cannot be recommended as a replacement therapy for insulin or hypoglycemic drugs".[9] ... In Chinese cuisine, bitter melon (苦瓜, pinyin: kǔguā, POJ: khó͘-koe) is valued for its bitter flavor, typically in stir-fries ( ... Bitter melon tea, also known as gohyah tea, is an herbal tea made from an infusion of dried slices of the bitter melon. It is ...
Items which are paid by patients who can afford it are: drugs prescribed on an outpatient basis, hearing, dental, and ... Economic constraints and restrictions on medicines have forced the Cuban health system to incorporate alternative and herbal ... Hirschfeld referred to well-documented research about the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China, showing that " ... "Patients pay for drugs, hearing, dental, and orthopedic prostheses, wheelchairs, crutches, and similar items but prices are low ...
Skullcaps are common herbal remedies in systems of traditional medicine. In traditional Chinese medicine they are utilized to " ... Current Drug Targets. 5 (2): 177-84. doi:10.2174/1568006043586206. PMID 15853750.. ... Scutellaria, list of taxa. Flora of China. *^ "GRIN Species Records of Scutellaria". Germplasm Resources Information Network. ... Scutellaria. Flora of China. *^ Pool, Amy (2006). "New Species of Scutellaria (Lamiaceae) from Mesoamerica". Novon. 16 (3): 388 ...
"Drugs.com. Retrieved 23 July 2016.. *^ Capuano, Rhomas M. (2005). "Las huellas de otro texto médico en Don Quijote: Las ... Herbal tea can be made from the leaves. When roasted with meats or vegetables, the leaves impart a mustard-like aroma with an ... Burlando, Bruno; Verotta, Luisella; Cornara, Laura; Bottini-Massa, Elisa (2010). Herbal Principles in Cosmetics Properties and ...
14.^ Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica, Third Edition by Dan Bensky, Steven Clavey, Erich Stoger, and Andrew Gamble 2004 ... 7.^ Stockley, IH (2002), Stockley's Drug Interactions. 6th ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press. ...
"US Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 30 December 2011.. *^ "21 U.S.C. § 188 : US Code - Section 188 TO 188N: Repealed. ... The First and Second Opium Wars between China, and the British Empire and France took place in the late 1830s to the early ... create vital drugs and combat poverty and the diversion of illegal opium to drug traffickers and terrorist elements. Senlis is ... The extent to which false information is spread in forums relating to recreational drug use and/or drug use relating to self- ...
"Kidney-tonifying and dampness-expelling Chinese herbal medicine combined with doxazosin for the treatment of chronic ... "Drug Discov Today 15 (23-24): 1052-7. PMID 20970519. doi:10.1016/j.drudis.2010.10.003. edit ... "Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue (in Chinese) 16 (12): 1143-6. Cite uses deprecated parameter ,coauthors=. (help) ... 2012). "ChEMBL: a large-scale bioactivity database for drug discovery". Nucleic Acids Res 40 (Database issue): D1100-7. PMID ...
China. The tomato was introduced to China, likely via the Philippines or Macau, in the 1500s. It was given the name fan chieh ( ... US Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 3 June 2016.. *^ European Food Safety Authority (2011). "Scientific Opinion on the ... The earliest discussion of the tomato in European literature appeared in a herbal written in 1544 by Pietro Andrea Mattioli, an ... In 2016, world production of tomatoes was 177 million tonnes, with China accounting for 32% of the total, followed by the ...
... and are active components of a Chinese herbal medicine ((−)-Incarvillateine Incarvillea sinensis) used to treat rheumatism and ... A Novel Strategy for Development of Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Nociceptive Drugs". PLoS ONE. 7 (12): e50968. doi:10.1371/ ... why the use of drugs to lower cholesterol is tied to a higher depression risk, and the correlation between levels and increased ... "Use of Drugs to Lower Cholesterol Is Tied to a Higher Depression Risk". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-10- ...
Many native plant species are used as herbal remedies for a variety of afflictions. The drugs vinblastine and vincristine, used ... scarce species of rosewood trees from protected rainforests within Marojejy National Park and exporting the wood to China for ...
"The Daily Telegraph and China Daily. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2018.. ... In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) have issued warning letters and ... "Compliance Branch, Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations, US Food and Drug Administration. Archived ... "Compliance Branch, Inspections, Compliance, Enforcement, and Criminal Investigations, US Food and Drug Administration and ...
... herbals, and drugs no longer clinically used but still of interest. Monographs of some toxic substances are also included. ... Preparations - including over 180,000 items from 43 countries and regions, including China. ... Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference is a reference book published by Pharmaceutical Press listing some 6,000 drugs and ... Martindale contains information on drugs in clinical use worldwide, as well as selected investigational and veterinary drugs, ...
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved any drug for the direct treatment of stuttering.[55] However, the ... in China). Some claim the reason for this might be a lower incidence in the general population in China.[93] ... and various herbal remedies were used.[97] Similarly, in the past people have subscribed to theories about the causes of ... New drugs for stuttering may be on the horizon Archived 2009-12-27 at the Wayback Machine (Stuttering Foundation's summer 2007 ...
Zhou, Zhongying; Jin, Hui De (1997). Clinical Manual of Chinese Herbal Medicine and Acupuncture. ISBN 978-0-443-05128-9. .. ... Drug Induced Hair Loss', American Hair Loss Association: "American Hair Loss Association - Drug Induced Hair Loss". Archived ... Many people use unproven treatments.[29] Egg oil, in Indian,[40] Japanese, Unani (Roghan Baiza Murgh)[41] and Chinese[42] ... "Drug-Induced Hair Loss". Archived from the original on 2013-08-24.. Cite uses deprecated parameter ,deadurl=. (help). ...
Prescription drugs are sold alongside essential oils, herbal extracts, or herbal teas. Herbal remedies are seen by some as a ... China[edit]. Some researchers trained in both Western and traditional Chinese medicine have attempted to deconstruct ancient ... usage of herbal remedies should be clarified, as some herbal remedies have the potential to cause adverse drug interactions ... herbal medicines and synthetic drugs may interact, causing toxicity to the patient. Herbal remedies can also be dangerously ...
Cui, Xuejun; Trinh, Kien; Wang, Yong-Jun; Cui, Xuejun (2010). "Chinese herbal medicine for chronic neck pain due to cervical ... Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (usually abbreviated to NSAIDs), are a drug class that groups together drugs that decrease ... Other drugs[edit]. Main article: analgesic adjuvant. Drugs that have been introduced for uses other than analgesics are also ... "Drugs Used In The Treatment Of Interstitial Cystitis". Drug Treatment in Urology. John Wiley & Sons, 2008. p. 65.. ...
Research, Center for Drug Evaluation and. "Drug Safety and Availability - FDA Drug Safety Communication: Safety Review Update ... The herb má huáng (Ephedra sinica), used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), contains ephedrine and pseudoephedrine as its ... The same may be true of other herbal products containing extracts from other Ephedra species. ... "www.drugs.com. Archived from the original on 14 August 2013.. *^ "World Drug Report 2015" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the ...
Bensky, Dan; Clavey, Steven; Stoger, Erich and Gamble, Andrew (2004) Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica, 3rd Edition. ... In some cases rhinos are drugged and their horns removed, while in other instances more than the horn is taken.[49] ... In 2011, the Register of Chinese Herbal Medicine in the United Kingdom issued a formal statement condemning the use of ... China signed the CITES treaty and removed rhinoceros horn from the Chinese medicine pharmacopeia, administered by the Ministry ...
Drugs, Chinese Herbal. Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being ... All MeSH CategoriesChemicals and Drugs CategoryPharmaceutical PreparationsDrugs, Chinese Herbal ... All MeSH CategoriesChemicals and Drugs CategoryComplex MixturesBiological ProductsPlant PreparationsPlant ExtractsDrugs, ...
Learn about the potential benefits of Chinese Foxglove including contraindications, adverse reactions, toxicology, pharmacology ... Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2005;(2):CD002291.. 41. Shin SW, Park CI, Yang CH, Park ... Drugs.com Mobile Apps. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own ... Stimulation of tetanus toxoid-specific immune responses by a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Vaccine . 2009;27(47):6634- ...
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  • This act defines dietary supplements as orally ingested foods that include botanical products (such as herbal remedies), and non-botanical substances (such as glands, minerals, metalloids, amino acids, vitamins, and microbial products), and traditional cultural remedies, including Asian herbal prescription medicines. (cancerconnect.com)
  • There is evidence that some Chinese herbal medicines could be of some benefit. (cancerconnect.com)
  • Recently, an English physician reviewed the published information concerning adulteration of Chinese herbal medicines. (cancerconnect.com)
  • The case reports showed that two or more adulterants were present in 14 of 15 Chinese herbal medicines. (cancerconnect.com)
  • The author concluded that adulteration of Chinese herbal medicines with synthetic drugs is a potentially serious problem that needs to be addressed by adequate regulatory measures. (cancerconnect.com)
  • Ernst E. Adulteration of Chinese herbal medicines with synthetic drugs: a systematic review (Review Article). (cancerconnect.com)
  • The objectives of regulation of Chinese medicines in Hong Kong are: to safeguard public health, and to ensure the availability of good quality and effective Chinese medicines to the people of Hong Kong, China. (who.int)
  • Traditional Chinese medicines have been used by the people of Hong Kong for more than 150 years. (who.int)
  • Article 138 of the Basic Law of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region provides that the Government of the Region shall formulate policies to develop western and traditional Chinese medicines and to improve medical and health services. (who.int)
  • The principles are: to safeguard public health, to recognize TCM as part of the health care system, and to adopt an incremental approach to upgrade the standards of practice and the safety, quality and efficacy of herbal medicines based on evidence. (who.int)
  • In 1995, the Preparatory Committee on Chinese Medicines was formed and worked on the details of TCM regulation. (who.int)
  • Working under the Council, the Chinese Medicines Board and its three committees are responsible for formulating and implementing the regulatory measures on Chinese medicines. (who.int)
  • Schedule 2 includes 574 Chinese herbal medicines commonly used in Hong Kong. (who.int)
  • Wholesalers and retailers of Chinese herbal medicines will be required to obtain a licence. (who.int)
  • The import and export of every consignment of Chinese herbal medicines must be covered by an appropriate licence. (who.int)
  • It will be compulsory for traders in proprietary Chinese medicines to report any adverse drug reactions (ADR) to the Chinese Medicines Board. (who.int)
  • Proprietary Chinese medicines sold or manufactured in Hong Kong will have to be registered with the Chinese Medicines Board. (who.int)
  • Chromatographic fingerprint analysis of herbal medicines. (helsinki.fi)
  • The "one drug, one target, one disease" approach has for some time remained the conventional pharmaceutical approach to the development of medicines and treatment strategies. (frontiersin.org)
  • These treatments included herbs sent by traditional healers in Africa, herbal medicines bought at African markets in London, remedies thought to boost immunity, substances purported to increase sex drive, and nutritional supplements such as Mariandina (which has sometimes been claimed to cure AIDS). (aidsmap.com)
  • Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. (drugs.com)
  • Alternative therapies and medicines are very common in China, and they are often viewed in the same light as the more conventional medicines that are used in the western world. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • How Do Traditional Chinese Medicines Work? (altmedicinezone.com)
  • He reviews in this course cholesterol and diabetes, with a comprehensive review of herbal medicines that can treat these conditions effectively. (elotus.org)
  • Identify statin resistant hyperlipidemia and appropriate herbal medicines that can effectively reduce hyperlipidemia. (elotus.org)
  • Identify drug-resistant hypertension and appropriate herbal medicines that can effectively reduce hypertension. (elotus.org)
  • Not a substitute for modern drugs or counseling, these medicines can still be a valuable tool in the hands of any knowledgeable practitioner or counselor. (acupuncture.com)
  • There are endless applications for herbal medicines," she said. (ahpa.org)
  • Roofener noted that Chinese herbal medicines are regulated by the FDA and must be manufactured in a manner that complies with current good manufacturing practice (cGMP) requirements for dietary supplements, which include required procedures to ensure products contain what is on the label and don't contain hidden or prohibited substances. (ahpa.org)
  • Recently I went to an acupuncturist and she said that chinese herbal medicines can help but I'm also taking antidepressants, celexa 60mg, efexor 150mg and klonopin .5mg. (healthboards.com)
  • Most herbal medicines are just as strong, if not stronger than 'Lab made' medicines. (healthboards.com)
  • Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs), principally composed of herbal preparations, are used widely to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases. (sgs.com)
  • The global market for herbal medicines is estimated to be worth United States Dollars (USD) $60 billion annually according to the World Health Organization (WHO) 2 . (sgs.com)
  • The export of raw materials and medicines is worth on the order of USD $600 million to China, exporting to more than 130 counties. (sgs.com)
  • In 2004, the European Union (EU) formed a new government panel to investigate the safety of herbal medicines. (sgs.com)
  • Herbal medicines are the precursors of many common drugs prescribed in clinical practice in modern western industrial countries today. (healthy.net)
  • Throughout recorded history, some of the same herbal medicines commonly used today were recognized and prescribed by ancient doctors-handed down from unknown antiquity. (healthy.net)
  • The Food Safety and Technology Research Centre under the Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University has developed a new method for rapid authentication of Chinese herbal medicines, including Ganoderma (known as Lingzhi in Chinese), and Gastrodiae Rhizoma (known as Tianma in Chinese). (news-medical.net)
  • Researchers at the University of Southampton are to study the use of Chinese Herbal Medicines in treating recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs), in the first clinical trial of its kind in the UK. (news-medical.net)
  • Traditional Chinese herbal medicines hold promise for slowing the progression from prediabetes to an official diabetes diagnosis, according to new research accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM). (news-medical.net)
  • For this reason they are also called herbal, natural or alternative medicines. (news-medical.net)
  • China is renowned for its traditional herbal medicines that date back thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • R. glutinosa has been considered a panacea in Chinese medicine for more than 2,000 years, primarily in combination with other herbs. (drugs.com)
  • Since then, Friend has taken pills containing eight Chinese herbs three times a day. (sfgate.com)
  • Schedule 1 is a list of 31 potent herbs which can only be dispensed on a prescription issued by a registered Chinese medicine practitioner. (who.int)
  • Activities are in progress to develop standards for raw and processed herbs, with the assistance of experts and institutions in Hong Kong, other parts of China, and overseas. (who.int)
  • Natural News ) A mixture of herbs commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine could help those suffering from asthma find relief, according to a study in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine . (naturalnews.com)
  • Learn more about other herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat asthma at ChineseMedicine.news . (naturalnews.com)
  • On the other hand, more and more studies found that Traditional Chinese herbs have efficient therapeutic effects for CVDs, while their therapeutic mechanism is still not very clear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although great promise has been shown for Chinese herbs, their therapeutic mechanism is still not very clear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Before demystify the mechanism of anti-CVD Chinese herbs, researchers want to know whether there is any difference between herbal ingredients and western drugs? (biomedcentral.com)
  • Interactions Between Chinese Herbal Medicinal Products and Orthodox Drugs provides basic biomedical principles on adverse and beneficial interactions between Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) products (herbs and ready-made medications) and orthodox drugs. (routledge.com)
  • Lists of Commonly Used Chinese Medicinal Herbs Classified According to Traditional Chinese Medicine Actions Appendix 2. (routledge.com)
  • Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an important part of primary health care in Asian countries that has utilized complex herbal formulations (consisting 2 or more medicinal herbs) for treating diseases over thousands of years. (frontiersin.org)
  • There seems to be a general assumption that the synergistic therapeutic effects of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) derive from the complex interactions between the multiple bioactive components within the herbs and/or herbal formulations. (frontiersin.org)
  • My introduction to the power of Chinese herbs in treating severe respiratory infections occured nearly 15 years ago. (nclockservice.com)
  • Chinese patent medicine (CPM) is an important component of Chinese herbs, and is widely accepted by the Chinese people due to the convenience of application. (nclockservice.com)
  • The extraction of artemisinin from traditional herbs as a very efficacious antimalaria drug , is an example of the successful combination of traditional Chinese medicine and modern medicine. (who.int)
  • Herbal medicine revolves around the usage of various herbs and plants that are thought to be able to prevent and treat various illnesses. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • The key to herbal medication is finding the plants and herbs that make you feel great, and that is exactly what the remedies from China attempt to do. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • In this review, we summarized these thoughts based on principle, method, formula, herbs, and dose through literature analysis in both English and Chinese search engines to guide clinicians in treating T2DM. (hindawi.com)
  • A Chinese herbal formula called EXD (Er-xian decoction), which is composed of extracts from six different Chinese herbs, was shown to reduce the frequency of daily hot flashes by 62 percent compared with 52 percent among women who took a placebo, and severity of the hot flashes also improved. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Despite obvious advancements in the Western pharmacy, I believe that Chinese herbs can still help sufferers of mental disorders by complementing any modern day prescription or therapy. (acupuncture.com)
  • The herbs are safe, and like a food, won't react negatively with any psychiatric drug. (acupuncture.com)
  • Mind bending doesn't imply that these Chinese herbs are stimulants or psychedelics. (acupuncture.com)
  • The term "aristolochic acid nephropathy" (AAN) is used to include any form of toxic interstitial nephropathy that is caused either by ingestion of plants containing aristolochic acids (AA) as part of traditional phytotherapies (formerly known as "Chinese herbs nephropathy"), or by the environmental contaminants in food (Balkan endemic nephropathy). (bireme.br)
  • Drugs ( n = 29) were a more frequent cause of liver injury than herbs ( n = 3). (elsevier.es)
  • By 200 BC, TCMs were firmly established as options for maintaining or improving health, and by the first century AD, a listing of medicinal herbs and herbal formulations had been developed. (sgs.com)
  • By 2010, the latest edition of The Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China now lists approximately 2,165 single herbs or extracts and complex formulations 1 . (sgs.com)
  • Some herbs and herbal formulations have been evaluated in animal, laboratory, and human studies in both the East and West with wide-ranging results (see Table 1). (sgs.com)
  • In China, synthesis of medicinal herbs using Western techniques has lead to the successful integration of East and West medicine. (sgs.com)
  • Dharmananda S. Treatment of glaucoma with Chinese herbs. (acupuncturetoday.com)
  • Extra strong Food supplement for men 2 herbal capsules Herb formula 450mg each capsule extra strong herbal capsules This is a herb formula for men based on theories of traditional Tibetan Healthy & science,It extracts potent ingredietns from herbs. (ecplaza.net)
  • The word herbal is derived from the mediaeval Latin liber herbalis ("book of herbs"): it is sometimes used in contrast to the word florilegium, which is a treatise on flowers with emphasis on their beauty and enjoyment rather than the herbal emphasis on their utility. (wikipedia.org)
  • One analysis of 2,600 samples of Chinese herbal remedies in Taiwan showed that 24% were adulterated with at least one synthetic medicine. (cancerconnect.com)
  • This can be especially important in cancer patients who self-administer over-the-counter herbal remedies together with conventional anticancer chemotherapeutics. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Alternative treatments such as herbal remedies are commonly used by patients from southern Africa in London, but imbalanced power relationships discourage discussion of their use with clinicians, researchers report in the online edition of Social Science and Medicine . (aidsmap.com)
  • A balanced diet will provide all the vitamins and minerals most people need.Large doses of vitamin and mineral supplements can be harmful.Several herbal remedies can interact dangerously. (aidsmap.com)
  • Chinese herbal remedies have been used in the West only relatively recently, over the past two decades. (encyclopedia.com)
  • [14] Pharmaceutical research has explored the potential for creating new drugs from traditional remedies, with few successful results. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chinese herbal remedies are really the oldest form of healthcare known to have been in existence for such a long period of time. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • There have been many generations of people who have learned all about the various advantages of herbal remedies that make their way from China into many different countries around the world. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • People usually turn to alternative forms of medicine like Chinese herbal remedies when their more conventional medicine fails to get the job done. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • Different groups of people have used these herbal remedies for thousands of years, but the Chinese have been known to be the kings of herbal remedies for quite some time. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • While western medicine surely has its place in modern society, these herbal remedies have been proven to be rather useful for thousands of years. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • Most cultures around the world become practitioners of Chinese herbal remedies around 5000 years ago because the Chinese were known to be the authority figure when it came to basic medicine. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • No other culture has produced more herbal remedies than the Chinese, so their ability to find what works and what doesn't when it comes to herbal medicine should not be questioned. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • Many of the current products that are used for sexual dysfunctions actually have their roots in herbal remedies that come from China. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • Remedies from China are best used as preventative measure rather than something that is going to cure you after the problem already exists. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • Sure, there are a few herbal remedies that will be able to make a problem go away once it appears, but the majority of these remedies should actually be used on a daily basis to prevent any problems from popping up in the first place. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • Chinese herbal remedies will be able to fight against imbalances in the body and make sure you are able to live a normal and healthy life. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • Moreover, AAN incidence is probably highly underestimated given the presence of AA in traditional herbal remedies worldwide and the weak awareness of the disease. (bireme.br)
  • Traditional herbal remedies used for the treatment of urinary schistosomiasis in Zimbabwe. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Several CAM practices and herbal remedies are promising for diabetes treatment, but further rigorous study is needed in order to establish safety, efficacy, and mechanism of action. (springer.com)
  • An excellent review of herbal remedies for diabetes. (springer.com)
  • Powdered areca seeds and areca seed decoctions are also available, as are larger herbal remedies that contain areca seed. (acupuncturetoday.com)
  • Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. (nih.gov)
  • Rehmannia rhizome extracts are used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine. (drugs.com)
  • In an extensive screening, the antiviral, antitrypanosomal and anticancer properties of extracts from 82 plants used in traditional Chinese medicine and European phytomedicine were determined. (mdpi.com)
  • This article reviews the recent progress of using active ingredients, extracts and formulae from Chinese medicine (CM) in circumventing ABC transporters-mediated MDR. (aiocm.org)
  • Eucommia Extracts were purchased from Qingdao New Research Nonferrous Metal Co., Ltd., Qingdao, China. (scirp.org)
  • There are already meta-analyses of the effects of herbal extracts (ginkgo biloba and huperzine A) on vascular dementia. (news-medical.net)
  • A herbal may also classify the plants it describes, may give recipes for herbal extracts, tinctures, or potions, and sometimes include mineral and animal medicaments in addition to those obtained from plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In modern China, traditional Chinese herbalism is taught alongside conventional Western pharmacology. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A compound derived from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine has been found effective at alleviating pain, pointing the way to a new nonaddictive analgesic for acute inflammatory and nerve pain, according to UC Irvine pharmacology researchers. (news-medical.net)
  • In the late 17th century, the rise of modern chemistry, toxicology and pharmacology reduced the medicinal value of the classical herbal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, if one drug is a administered as a prodrug, as is the case with certain anticancer therapeutic agents, and a PXR agonist is then coadministered, the resulting increased biotransformation of the prodrug would probably produce profound and unwanted toxic side effects. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Traces of therapeutic activities in China date from the Shang dynasty (14th-11th centuries BCE). (wikipedia.org)
  • In conclusion, traditional herbal medicine from Europe and China still has a potential for new therapeutic targets and therapeutic applications. (mdpi.com)
  • Multi-drug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells severely limits therapeutic outcomes. (aiocm.org)
  • Beauty Tea Product Description Red Pearl Barley Cape Jasmine seed is commonly used as a therapeutic herbal treatment, It is known for the fact that it is the king of the world. (himfr.com)
  • PXR-mediated herb-drug interactions can have undesirable effects in patients receiving combination therapy. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Although it protects cells from toxic insults, it also represents the molecular basis for an important class of drug-drug interactions. (aspetjournals.org)
  • The book includes concise accounts of the trends of development and progress in Chinese medicine, pharmacological principles of CHM materials and mechanisms of interactions. (routledge.com)
  • A unique chapter with an action plan is assigned to promote research and documentation of herb-drug interactions. (routledge.com)
  • In parallel, research into synergistic interactions of multi-component herbal preparations and their interactions with pharmaceutical drugs has also attracted great interest in recent years. (frontiersin.org)
  • The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. (drugs.com)
  • Patients who take it are usually already on other medications, thus increasing the risk of drug interactions. (fox17online.com)
  • Today's herbal products industry should learn from traditional Chinese medicine which have established rules of herb combinations that can be applied to drug-herb combinations in order to avoid negative adverse events or enhance positive interactions, along with modern scientific research studies," Roofener said. (ahpa.org)
  • As of this writing, there are no known drug interactions associated with areca seed. (acupuncturetoday.com)
  • Tian xian is a traditional Chinese herbal anticancer remedy that activates human PXR in cell-based reporter gene assays. (aspetjournals.org)
  • These data are of particular importance due to the fact that this herbal remedy is currently marketed as an adjunct therapy that reduces the side effects of conventional chemotherapy and is available without a prescription. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Future studies should be conducted to determine the extent to which coadministration of this Chinese herbal remedy alters the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of conventional anticancer therapy. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Rhein (4,5-dihydroxy-9,10-dioxoanthracene-2-carboxylic acid, cassic acid) is a pharmacological active component found in Rheum palmatum L. the major herb of San-Huang-Xie-Xin-Tang (SHXXT), a medicinal herbal product used as a remedy for constipation. (mdpi.com)
  • If you are going to use alternative medicine for any kind of treatment then you should make sure it is a Chinese herbal remedy. (altmedicinezone.com)
  • As always, make sure to consult with a licensed health care provider before taking areca seed or any other herbal remedy or dietary supplement. (acupuncturetoday.com)
  • The researchers turned to herbal formulas used in traditional Chinese medicine to relieve asthma. (naturalnews.com)
  • The following herbal formulas can be used at various stages of a cold. (nclockservice.com)
  • It has also found world-wide acceptance as an effective component of many herbal formulas, Over-The-Counter (OTC) medications, and as a source for the purified drugs ephedrine and psuedoephedrine used widely for upper respiratory tract ailments (such as allergies and asthma). (healthy.net)
  • Pinyin Name: gan cao Chinese herbal formulas for treating hypertension in traditional Chinese medicine Also known as: Licorice Root Source: Root Property: Neutral Taste: Sweet Channel: Influences the heart, lung , spleen and stomach channels Actions. (himfr.com)
  • Chinese herbal formulas for soothes the liver fire and gallbladder inflammation, clear chronic internal heat and liver cleasing. (himfr.com)
  • These TCMs and herbal formulas are often available in health food stores, some pharmacies, and at herbal medicine practitioner offices. (sgs.com)
  • 28 Despite the use of R. glutinosa in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of diabetes, clinical trials are lacking. (drugs.com)
  • Just as cautiously, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently revised its research protocols to support clinical trials of Chinese and other herbal treatments. (sfgate.com)
  • A leader in developing new drugs to treat cancer, the CTRC Institute for Drug Development (IDD) conducts one of the largest oncology Phase I clinical drug programs in the world, and participates in development of cancer drugs approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration. (healthcanal.com)
  • Despite the availability of some scientific data to support the synergistic effects of multi-herbal and/or herb-drug combinations, the level of evidence remains low, and the clinical relevancy of most of these findings is undetermined. (frontiersin.org)
  • Ophiopogonis Radix (Ophiopogon root), which nourishes the yin, has been used in clinical practice to promote fluid secretion and to moisturize the lungs and skin in traditional Chinese and Japanese (Kampo) medicine. (nih.gov)
  • Each drug entry includes links to check for clinical trials listed in NCI's List of Cancer Clinical Trials. (cancer.gov)
  • Several small clinical studies published in Chinese language journals suggest that Astragalus decreases proteinuria and improves the plasma levels of total cholesterol and albumin in patients with nephrotic syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • J. Yang, "Systematical Analysis of the Application of Chinese Traditional Medicine Informatics to Diabetes Proved Recipes," Journal of Diabetes Research & Clinical Metabolism, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012, p. 10. (scirp.org)
  • dose: reasonable drug dose plays an important role in the treatment of DM and a close relationship exists between dose and clinical efficacy. (hindawi.com)
  • P-glycoprotein (Pgp), multidrug-resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is frequently observed in cancer cell lines selected with chemotherapeutic drugs [6] and critical to clinical drug resistance [7]. (aiocm.org)
  • Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is often administered to assist in routine care (RC) in the treatment of PSS, with increasing numbers of clinical research and preclinical studies suggesting that it has potential benefits. (frontiersin.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect and possible mechanism of Shengxueling (SXL), a Chinese medical preparation mainly consisting of ginseng saponins, in treating refractory idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Nanjing Clinical Tech. Laboratories Inc., Nanjing 211100, China. (bireme.br)
  • Current Drug Metabolism is an essential journal for academic, clinical, government and pharmaceutical scientists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with the most important developments. (benthamscience.com)
  • Preclinical and clinical reviews describing the drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics of marketed drugs or drug classes. (benthamscience.com)
  • These standards are used in testing methods by GC/MS, LC/MS, or HPLC for applications in clinical toxicology, testing of cannabis potency or impurity profiling by growers, pharmaceutical research, forensic analysis, and urine drug testing. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • A new clinical trial investigating whether an herbal medicine product can benefit school-age children experiencing bedwetting is being led by a collaboration between researchers from the Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine at the University of Technology Sydney and the Office of Research at Endeavour College of Natural Health. (news-medical.net)
  • Taking a page from Chinese herbal medicine, Scottsdale Healthcare and the Translational Genomics Research Institute today initiated the first-in-human clinical trial for pancreatic cancer patients using a compound derived from a plant known as "Thunder God vine. (news-medical.net)
  • develop Hong Kong into an international centre for research, training, information, manufacture and trade of Chinese medicine. (who.int)
  • under these provisions, for a specified time, an application may be made to register any proprietary Chinese medicine that was sold or manufactured in Hong Kong on or before 1 March 1999. (who.int)
  • HONG KONG (AFP) - From a windowless room in a dilapidated Hong Kong high-rise, Ali Diallo sells Chinese electronics to retailers across Africa. (vanguardngr.com)
  • According to Gordon Mathews, professor of anthropology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, up to a fifth of all mobiles in Africa have passed through the building's corridors in recent years. (vanguardngr.com)
  • Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of more than 2000 years in treating DM [ 7 , 8 ], and there are several advantages in treating DM with TCM, including lower rate of toxicity and/or side effects, holistic regulation of metabolic problems, reversal of risk factors leading to T2DM, and delaying diabetic complications. (hindawi.com)
  • Patients should inform their physician if they are taking such preparations, as they could lead to serious drug reactions or overdoses if the same drugs being prescribed are also in the herbal preparations. (cancerconnect.com)
  • Herbal preparations of St John's wort at a. (aidsmap.com)
  • Ma huang ( Ephedra sinensis ) is an important medicinal herb from China used for over 3,000 year in teas and other preparations to help with symptoms of astma, colds and flus and allergies. (healthy.net)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) expresses its appreciation of the generous support provided by the Government of the People's Republic of China for the development, convening of a WHO Consultation, and publication of the monograph both in English and Chinese. (who.int)
  • Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Government of China has made unswerving efforts to promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine, which has become an important component of the contemporary medical medicine. (who.int)
  • Starting in the 1950s, these precepts were standardized in the People's Republic of China, including attempts to integrate them with modern notions of anatomy and pathology . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Chinese Medicine Ordinance defines Chinese herbal medicine as any of the substances specified in Schedule 1 or 2 to the Ordinance. (who.int)
  • The Chinese also believed that the body contains Five Essential Substances, which include blood, spirit, vital essence (a principle of growth and development produced by the body from qi and blood), fluids (all body fluids other than blood, such as saliva, spinal fluid, sweat, etc.), and qi. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sour dates, hare's ear root, and mimosa bark may not be as available as coffee, tea, or marijuana, but you can easily find these mind bending substances on the web or in Chinese communities throughout North America, Europe, and Asia. (acupuncture.com)
  • The California Department of Health Services' Food & Drug branch posted a public health warning Feb. 15 notifying consumers that five Chinese herbal products contain the prescription diabetes drugs glyburide and phenformin. (informa.com)
  • It may be a good view towards molecules, targets and network to decipher whether difference exists between anti-CVD western drugs and Chinese herbal ingredients. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Anti-CVD western drugs and Chinese herbal ingredients, as well as their targets were thoroughly collected in this work. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The similarities and the differences between the herbal ingredients and the western drugs were deeply explored based on three target-based perspectives including biochemical property, regulated pathway and disease network. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The biological function of herbal ingredients' targets is more complex than that of the western drugs' targets. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The signal transduction and immune system associated signaling pathways, apoptosis associated pathways may be the most important pathway for herbal ingredients, however the western drugs incline to regulate vascular smooth muscle contraction associated pathways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Herbal ingredients have been expected as a potential drug like database [ 21 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this study, herbal ingredients (active compounds in herb which have been reported with anti-CVD effects) and western drugs (FDA-approved drugs with anti-CVD effectiveness) have been comprehensively collected. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This phenomenon suggests that the other herbal ingredients of SHXXT and rhubarb extract significantly enhance the absorption of rhein in rats. (mdpi.com)
  • Early research shows that taking a combination of astragalus and other herbal ingredients by mouth helps improve the regularity of menstrual cycles in women with irregular menstruation. (rxlist.com)
  • Early research shows that some herbal products containing astragalus and other herbal ingredients can reduce feelings of tiredness in people with chronic fatigue syndrome . (rxlist.com)
  • Also, it's not clear if the benefit is due to astragalus or other herbal ingredients. (rxlist.com)
  • C. A. Lipinski, F. Lombardo, B. W. Dominy and P. J. Feeney, "Experimental and Computational Approaches to Estimate Solubility and Permeability in Drug Discovery and Development Settings," Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Vol. 46, No. 1-3, 2001, pp. 3-26. (scirp.org)
  • Western medical theory and practice came to China in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries through the efforts of missionaries and the Rockefeller Foundation. (amazonaws.com)
  • Although the practice of traditional Chinese medicine was strongly promoted by the Chines. (amazonaws.com)
  • Zhōngyī ) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine , acupuncture , massage (tui na) , exercise (qigong) , and dietary therapy, [1] but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Burns uses traditional Chinese medicine at the UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, 1701 Divisadero Street, San Francisco. (sfgate.com)
  • A practitioner from the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at UCSF prescribed herbal pills and teas, as well as deep tissue massage, to boost the 58-year-old's immune system. (sfgate.com)
  • But don't despair … integrative medicine has once again demonstrated that nature heals better than synthetic drugs, and that there's a healthier and more appropriate way to deal with allergies. (smart-publications.com)
  • The Cleveland Clinic opened in January 2014 one of the first hospital-based herbal clinics in the U.S., as part of its integrative medicine services that provides supplementary options for patients seeking a holistic, natural approach to their care. (ahpa.org)
  • Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine, Vol. 22, Issue. (cambridge.org)
  • 1 Forestry College of Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China . (scirp.org)
  • Five English and four Chinese databases were searched from their respective inception to 28 February 2018. (frontiersin.org)
  • Chinese herbal medicine, which has been used for thousands of years in China, has long been considered an effective treatment for vascular dementia. (news-medical.net)
  • Lists of Commonly Used Prescription Formulae as Ready Made Chinese Herbal Medicinal Products. (routledge.com)
  • Drugs commonly used include bulk laxatives, osmotic laxatives, non-absorbable sugar, stimulant laxatives, cholinergic agents and other prokinetics agents. (mdpi.com)
  • Most commonly prescribed drugs are Metronidazole and Vancomycin. (pulsemed.org)
  • The 39-year-old from Guinea is part of a growing number of African entrepreneurs thriving in southern China, as trade between the world's second-largest economy and fastest-growing continent soars. (vanguardngr.com)
  • As examples of some of the world's most important records and first printed matter, a researcher will find herbals scattered through the world's most famous libraries including the Vatican Library in Rome, the Bodleian Library in Oxford, the Royal Library in Windsor, the British Library in London and the major continental libraries. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the uncontrolled and possibly uneducated sale of ma huang is concerning many licensed practitioners of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) that the herb (and perhaps others) will become unavailable to them for use in their clinics because of restrictions by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (healthy.net)
  • Practitioners of Chinese medicine believe that health is linked with these invisible flows, and that when our qi flows improperly we get sick. (acupuncture.com)
  • For example, if one drug activates PXR, it can be predicted that administration of this drug will promote the elimination of other coadministered drugs that are also metabolized and eliminated by PXR-target gene products, thereby reducing the efficacy of many drug therapies in patients receiving combination therapy. (aspetjournals.org)
  • R. glutinosa is a perennial herb that grows wild in northern and northeastern China, particularly in Hunan province. (drugs.com)
  • The reader is advised to consult with a physician or other medical professional and to check product information (including packaging inserts) for changes and new information regarding dosage, precautions, and contra indication before administering any drug, herb, supplement, compound, therapy or treatment discussed herein. (cancerconnect.com)
  • [ 8 ] Astragalus is traditionally used either alone or in conjunction with another Chinese herb, A. sinensis , to treat patients with CKD. (medscape.com)
  • In conclusion, the herbal formulae (SHXXT) are more efficient than the single herb (rhubarb) or the pure compound (rhein) in rhein absorption. (mdpi.com)
  • Hours later, with little sound sleep, I reach for an herbal formula with the Chinese herb called ma huang , which I know will shortly open things up. (healthy.net)
  • The broom-like stems of the herb are harvested by the tons in China and shipped to ports all over the world. (healthy.net)
  • is a herb which has been used for treatment of hypertension in Chinese medicine. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This study aimed to summarize case reports of herb- and drug-induced liver injury in Brazil. (elsevier.es)
  • Exceptions are the Chinese, especially the Cantonese living in the central region of Guangdong Province in Southern China. (nih.gov)
  • But while this 17-storey hive is the storefront, the engines behind this trade lie in the industrial heartland of neighbouring Guangdong province in southern China. (vanguardngr.com)
  • The rats were then given a treatment of either budesonide or the herbal mixture - or both. (naturalnews.com)
  • Extract from the bark of the Amur cork tree (Phellodendron amurense) has long been used in Chinese herbal medicine as an anti-inflammatory and treatment for digestive problems. (healthcanal.com)
  • Western drugs have achieved great successes in CVDs treatment. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although western drugs have achieved great successes in CVDs treatment, they may lead to serious side effects [ 14 ] and drug resistance [ 15 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This paradigm shift has been partly driven by its limited effectiveness in chronic diseases, treatment resistance, and side effects of synthetic mono-drugs. (frontiersin.org)
  • The UK's Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists has published an opinion paper that supports the use of acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in the treatment of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in women. (jcm.co.uk)
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine consisting of acupuncture and herbal treatment may provide a low-risk, low-cost alternative to conventional antibiotic therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients are randomized to receive either Traditional Chinese Medicine (acupuncture and herbal treatment) or conventional antibiotic therapy (Sudafed and Augmentin). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Multi-drug resistance (MDR) in cancer chemotherapy refers to the ability of cancer cells to survive from treatment of a wide range of drugs [1]. (aiocm.org)
  • please read our information about ED drugs, ED treatment, ED cure and ED causes, ED symptoms. (medexplorer.com)
  • ABCG2 is localized in the apical region in cells [24] and transports many cytotoxic drugs, detoxified metabolites, toxins and carcinogens [25]. (aiocm.org)
  • The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China. (nih.gov)
  • A sensitive and specific method combining liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry has been developed and validated to simultaneously quantify six active compounds in the pharmaceutical herbal product SHXXT to further study their pharmacokinetics in rats. (mdpi.com)
  • Computer-aided drug design (CADD) is an interdisciplinary subject, playing a pivotal role during new drug research and development, especially the discovery and optimization of lead compounds. (scirp.org)
  • The contaminants may be responsible not only for adverse effects, but also for some of the reported benefits from Chinese herbal products. (cancerconnect.com)
  • We are also a unified big family, everyone stick to the company value "unification, dedication, tolerance" for Veterinary Herbal Parasite Drugs , Veterinary Parasite Drugs , Veterinary Medicine Parasite Drugs , We will endeavor to maintain our great reputation as the best products supplier in the world. (pengfu-trading.com)
  • We doesn't provide clear lungs chinese herbal formula products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. (himfr.com)
  • Nationally board-certified acupuncturist and Chinese herbalist at the Cleveland Clinic Galina Roofener shared safety data and lessons learned from the Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute's Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCHM) Program at her keynote delivered at the American Herbal Products Association's (AHPA's) 7th Annual Botanical Congress presented on Nov. 10 in Las Vegas at the SupplySide West trade show. (ahpa.org)
  • The Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products holds its meeting every two months under new EU legislation designed to protect consumers. (sgs.com)
  • Zhang Bengang, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, a WHO Collaborating Centre for Traditional Medicine, in Beijing, China. (who.int)
  • The cork tree is native to the Amur River watershed in northeastern China and far western Russia, and its extract is widely available as an herbal supplement, so if it is successful as a cancer therapy it could potentially offer a price advantage for patients as well. (healthcanal.com)
  • Acupuncture is as effective as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) for patients with dysmenorrhoea, Turkish researchers report. (jcm.co.uk)
  • UK researchers have carried out a pilot study to test the feasibility of a novel trial methodology enabling the investigation of individualised decoctions of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), while gathering preliminary data on their effects in patients with endometriosis. (jcm.co.uk)
  • The NCI Drug Dictionary contains technical definitions and synonyms for drugs/agents used to treat patients with cancer or conditions related to cancer. (cancer.gov)
  • This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of Chinese herbal formulation PHY906 when given together with sorafenib tosylate in treating patients with advanced liver cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients receive Chinese herbal formulation PHY906 PO BID on days 1-4, 8-11, 15-18, 21-24 and sorafenib tosylate PO BID on days 1-28. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • As one of the largest developing countries, China has the biggest population of patients with DM with 92.4 million, which account for 9.7% of the adult population. (hindawi.com)
  • The strategy used in their preclinical research-inhibiting an enzyme in bacteria of the digestive tract-could allow patients to receive higher and more effective doses of the drug, known as CPT-11 or Irinotecan. (thaindian.com)
  • Three years ago, he met with Joseph Acquah, a licensed Chinese medicine practitioner at the Osher Center. (sfgate.com)
  • The preparation of TCMs in the US does not have to meet the same strict standards as drugs or over-the-counter medications with respect to proof of safety, effectiveness and what the US-FDA refers to as Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs). (sgs.com)
  • According to guidelines from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the generic drug must have the same active ingredient as the brand name drug as well as the same dosage, strength, safety, conditions of use and route of administration. (omicsonline.org)
  • In China alone, there are more than 4,000 Traditional Chinese Medicine manufacturers, 43 dosage forms and more than 5,000 varieties in the market. (sgs.com)
  • The study, led by researchers from Capital Medical University in Beijing, looked at the effects of using a decoction of Herba Epimedii and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi with the asthma drug budesonide can improve the condition using in vivo tests. (naturalnews.com)
  • The herbal decoction has been used in concert with glucocorticoids to relieve asthma symptoms for over 50 years. (naturalnews.com)
  • Giving Chinese herbal formulation PHY906 together with sorafenib tosylate may work better in treating advanced liver cancer. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Characteristics of Brazilian case reports of drug-induced liver injury. (elsevier.es)
  • Comparison between Brazilian and international studies on drug-induced liver injury. (elsevier.es)
  • After the liver has rendered CPT-11 inert, the drug enters the intestine where it's reactivated by the beta glucuronidase of the gut bacteria. (thaindian.com)
  • A new study published in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience demonstrates that Chinese herbal medicine Ji-Sui-Kang (JSK), given systemically for three weeks after injury in rats, improved locomotor function, reduced tissue damage, and preserved the structure of neural cells compared to control rats. (news-medical.net)
  • Herbals were among the first literature produced in Ancient Egypt, China, India, and Europe as the medical wisdom of the day accumulated by herbalists, apothecaries and physicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • To manage the condition, most health care professionals turn to drug therapy. (naturalnews.com)
  • Management of T2DM is still a challenge and the standard therapy for T2DM includes balanced diet, appropriate exercise, use of oral hypoglycemic drugs, and/or subcutaneous insulin injections [ 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Another drug-free way to fight hot flashes and menopausal symptoms is cognitive behavioral therapy . (emaxhealth.com)
  • According to researchers, this synergistic effect of the herbal mixture could be caused by its biological composition, which includes flavonoids known to have anti-inflammatory properties. (naturalnews.com)
  • But unlike the case of many drugs that are first being tested on humans, researchers are not worried that the cork tree bark will have toxic side effects in study participants, since it has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for hundreds of years. (healthcanal.com)
  • For researchers and students in academia and industry, this book provides a hands-on description of experimental techniques, along with beneficial guidelines to help advance research in the fields of Traditional Chinese Medicine and drug development. (elsevier.com)
  • Current Drug Metabolism aims to cover all the latest and outstanding developments in drug metabolism, pharmacokinetics, and drug disposition. (benthamscience.com)
  • The journal covers the following general topic areas: pharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and most importantly drug metabolism. (benthamscience.com)
  • In summary, the characteristics identified in this study would be valuable for designing new network-based multi-target CVD drugs or vaccine adjuvants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Significant progress has been made in the study of synergistic effects of drugs. (frontiersin.org)
  • In a Japanese study, two herbal medicine prescriptions administered alternately within the menstrual cycle were found to have powerful antidysmenorrhoeic effects. (jcm.co.uk)
  • Chinese herbal medicine or acupuncture unless on that study arm. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of cefbuperazone in healthy Chinese volunteers after drip intravenous infusion of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0g cefbuperazone sodium injection. (bireme.br)
  • As reference manuals for botanical study and plant identification herbals were supplanted by Floras - systematic accounts of the plants found growing in a particular region, with scientifically accurate botanical descriptions, classification, and illustrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to this law, the dietary supplement manufacturer is responsible for ensuring that a dietary supplement is safe before it is marketed, but does not need to provide such information to the US Food and Drug Administration unless it is contains an ingredient not sold in the US prior to 1994. (cancerconnect.com)
  • Like Cohen and Friend, more Americans are turning to traditional Chinese medicine after failing to find relief from conventional treatments. (sfgate.com)
  • Trade between China and Africa hit new highs of nearly $200 billion last year, according to official Chinese data, driven by Chinese industry's appetite for African raw materials. (vanguardngr.com)
  • Entrepreneurs like Diallo have made Chungking Mansions one of the most important passageways for Chinese gadgets air-freighted to Africa. (vanguardngr.com)
  • Though their number is a fraction of the million Chinese now living in Africa, these migrants are playing a pivotal role in their new home. (vanguardngr.com)
  • UCSF, Kaiser Permanente and Stanford University Medical Center are among a growing number of medical institutions that offer traditional Chinese approaches such as acupuncture, tai chi chuan and meditation as evidence mounts of their effectiveness. (sfgate.com)
  • However, the drug isn't without risk - long-term use, for instance, decreases its effectiveness. (naturalnews.com)
  • [6] The effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine remains poorly researched and documented. (wikipedia.org)
  • bioactivation, reactive metabolites, and developments for the identification of drug metabolites. (benthamscience.com)
  • Inhaled glucocorticoids are a drug class widely used for asthma relief. (naturalnews.com)
  • seed oil is unique woody oil in China which is widely used in south of China as edible oil, medicine and burning injury for thousands of years. (scirp.org)
  • For severe cases of thallium rodenticides was banned by fdaapril 2002 withdrawn september 1996 fda required label warning june 1994 chinese herbal viagra not approved withdrawn september. (medimobile.com)
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) modernization is the only way of TCM development and also an effective approach to the development of new drugs and the discovery of potential drug targets (PDTs). (scirp.org)
  • Discovery and validation of PTDs has become the "bottle-neck" restricted new drug research and development and is urgently solved. (scirp.org)
  • This paper mainly discusses the "druggability" and specificity of PTDs, the "druglikeness" of drug candidates, the methods and technologies of the discovery and validation of PTDs and their application. (scirp.org)
  • Our buyer assistants can help you find the most suitable, 100% reliable suppliers from China. (himfr.com)
  • Like other manuscript books, herbals were "published" through repeated copying by hand, either by professional scribes or by the readers themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2004 Tufts-New England Medical Center review of 47 studies on tai chi found the Chinese discipline of meditative movements promoted cardiovascular fitness in people with chronic conditions. (sfgate.com)
  • Individuals with chronic disorders in particular are increasingly drawn to the holistic aspect of Chinese herbalism and TCM in general. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But competing athletes can't trust each other, and everyone feels he or she has to dope - continuing to search out newer and increasingly undetectable drugs so they can compete. (wired.com)