Substance Abuse Treatment Centers: Health facilities providing therapy and/or rehabilitation for substance-dependent individuals. Methadone distribution centers are included.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Heroin Dependence: Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.Child Abuse: Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Substance P: An eleven-amino acid neurotransmitter that appears in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is involved in transmission of PAIN, causes rapid contractions of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle, and modulates inflammatory and immune responses.Methadone: A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)Opioid-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.Child Abuse, Sexual: Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.Opium: The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.Heroin: A narcotic analgesic that may be habit-forming. It is a controlled substance (opium derivative) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Parts 329.1, 1308.11 (1987). Sale is forbidden in the United States by Federal statute. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Residential Treatment: A specialized residential treatment program for behavior disorders including substance abuse. It may include therapeutically planned group living and learning situations including teaching of adaptive skills to help patient functioning in the community. (From Kahn, A. P. and Fawcett, J. Encyclopedia of Mental Health, 1993, p320.)Cocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Narcotics: Agents that induce NARCOSIS. Narcotics include agents that cause somnolence or induced sleep (STUPOR); natural or synthetic derivatives of OPIUM or MORPHINE or any substance that has such effects. They are potent inducers of ANALGESIA and OPIOID-RELATED DISORDERS.Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry): The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Street Drugs: Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Marijuana Abuse: The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Elder Abuse: Emotional, nutritional, financial, or physical maltreatment, exploitation, or abandonment of the older person generally by family members or by institutional personnel.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Drug Users: People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.United StatesBuprenorphine: A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.Adult Survivors of Child Abuse: Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Cocaine: An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.Criminal Law: A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Amphetamine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of amphetamines.Methamphetamine: A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The smokable form is a drug of abuse and is referred to as crank, crystal, crystal meth, ice, and speed.Substance Abuse, Intravenous: Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Opiate Substitution Treatment: Medical treatment for opioid dependence using a substitute opiate such as METHADONE or BUPRENORPHINE.Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Community Mental Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.Homeless Persons: Persons who have no permanent residence. The concept excludes nomadic peoples.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Bosnia-Herzegovina: A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.PrisonersRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prisons: Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.Insurance, Psychiatric: Insurance providing benefits to cover part or all of the psychiatric care.National Institute on Drug Abuse (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports a comprehensive research portfolio that focuses on the biological, social, behavioral and neuroscientific bases of drug abuse on the body and brain as well as its causes, prevention, and treatment. NIDA, NIAAA, and NIMH were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.Narcotic Antagonists: Agents inhibiting the effect of narcotics on the central nervous system.Therapeutic Community: Psychotherapeutic technique which emphasizes socioenvironmental and interpersonal influences in the resocialization and rehabilitation of the patient. The setting is usually a hospital unit or ward in which professional and nonprofessional staff interact with the patients.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Group Homes: Housing for groups of patients, children, or others who need or desire emotional or physical support. They are usually established as planned, single housekeeping units in residential dwellings that provide care and supervision for small groups of residents, who, although unrelated, live together as a family.Commodification: The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.Central Nervous System Stimulants: A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.Family Therapy: A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.Halfway Houses: Specialized residences for persons who do not require full hospitalization, and are not well enough to function completely within the community without professional supervision, protection and support.Sex Offenses: Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.Juvenile Delinquency: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Avitaminosis: A condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins. (Dorland, 27th ed)Physician Impairment: The physician's inability to practice medicine with reasonable skill and safety to the patient due to the physician's disability. Common causes include alcohol and drug abuse, mental illness, physical disability, and senility.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Barbiturates: A class of chemicals derived from barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid. Many of these are GABA MODULATORS used as HYPNOTICS AND SEDATIVES, as ANESTHETICS, or as ANTICONVULSANTS.National Health Insurance, United StatesArkansasDrug Overdose: Accidental or deliberate use of a medication or street drug in excess of normal dosage.Receptors, Neurokinin-1: A class of cell surface receptors for TACHYKININS with a preference for SUBSTANCE P. Neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptors have been cloned and are members of the G protein coupled receptor superfamily. They are found on many cell types including central and peripheral neurons, smooth muscle cells, acinar cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and immune cells.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors: Drugs that block the transport of DOPAMINE into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. Most of the ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITORS also inhibit dopamine uptake.Ambulatory Care: Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.Drug-Seeking Behavior: Activities performed to obtain licit or illicit substances.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Rejection (Psychology): Non-acceptance, negative attitudes, hostility or excessive criticism of the individual which may precipitate feelings of rejection.Morphine: The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.Prescription Drugs: Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.Cyclizine: A histamine H1 antagonist given by mouth or parenterally for the control of postoperative and drug-induced vomiting and in motion sickness. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p935)Domestic Violence: Deliberate, often repetitive physical, verbal, and/or other types of abuse by one or more members against others of a household.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Rationalization: A defense mechanism operating unconsciously, in which the individual attempts to justify or make consciously tolerable, by plausible means, feelings, behavior, and motives that would otherwise be intolerable.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Drama: A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Nucleus Accumbens: Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Methadyl Acetate: A narcotic analgesic with a long onset and duration of action.Alcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Inhalant Abuse: Illicit use of chemicals and products whose vapors can be inhaled to produce a rapid mind-altering effect. Inhalants include aerosols, gases, and volatile solvents that are often inhaled repeatedly to achieve the short-lived intoxicating effect.Amphetamine: A powerful central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic. Amphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulation of release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. Amphetamine is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. The l- and the d,l-forms are included here. The l-form has less central nervous system activity but stronger cardiovascular effects. The d-form is DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.Professional Impairment: The inability of a health professional to provide proper professional care of patients due to his or her physical and/or mental disability.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Marijuana Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.Emergency Services, Psychiatric: Organized services to provide immediate psychiatric care to patients with acute psychological disturbances.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.CaliforniaCultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Tobacco Use Disorder: Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Patient Dropouts: Discontinuance of care received by patient(s) due to reasons other than full recovery from the disease.Psychoses, Substance-Induced: Psychotic organic mental disorders resulting from the toxic effect of drugs and chemicals or other harmful substance.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.KentuckyMandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances: Low-molecular-weight end products, probably malondialdehyde, that are formed during the decomposition of lipid peroxidation products. These compounds react with thiobarbituric acid to form a fluorescent red adduct.Cannabis: The plant genus in the Cannabaceae plant family, Urticales order, Hamamelidae subclass. The flowering tops are called many slang terms including pot, marijuana, hashish, bhang, and ganja. The stem is an important source of hemp fiber.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Couples Therapy: Psychotherapy used specifically for unmarried couples, of mixed or same sex. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Thymopentin: Synthetic pentapeptide corresponding to the amino acids 32-36 of thymopoietin and exhibiting the full biological activity of the natural hormone. It is an immunomodulator which has been studied for possible use in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, AIDS, and other primary immunodeficiencies.Outpatients: Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.Personnel Turnover: A change or shift in personnel due to reorganization, resignation, or discharge.Skin Diseases, Infectious: Skin diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Humic Substances: Organic matter in a state of advanced decay, after passing through the stages of COMPOST and PEAT and before becoming lignite (COAL). It is composed of a heterogenous mixture of compounds including phenolic radicals and acids that polymerize and are not easily separated nor analyzed. (E.A. Ghabbour & G. Davies, eds. Humic Substances, 2001).Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Receptors, Opioid, mu: A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Mu opioid receptors bind, in decreasing order of affinity, endorphins, dynorphins, met-enkephalin, and leu-enkephalin. They have also been shown to be molecular receptors for morphine.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Psychotic Disorders: Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Men: Human males as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Phencyclidine Abuse: The misuse of phencyclidine with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.MaineSocial Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Naloxone: A specific opiate antagonist that has no agonist activity. It is a competitive antagonist at mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors.WashingtonPatient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Hepatitis C: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Financial assistance provided by the government to indigent families with dependent children who meet certain requirements as defined by the Social Security Act, Title IV, in the U.S.Crack Cocaine: The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
investigated recent trends in substance abuse treatment admissions for cannabis use in pregnancy in the US, based on Treatment ... Hoell I, Havemann-Reinecke U (October 2011). "[Pregnant opioid addicted patients and additional drug intake. Part I. Toxic ... ISBN 978-1-877018-12-1. [page needed] Behnke M, Smith VC (March 2013). "Prenatal substance abuse: short- and long-term effects ... Drugs in pregnancy Fonseca BM, Correia-da-Silva G, Almada M, Costa MA, Teixeira NA (2013). "The Endocannabinoid System in the ...
Kovar became increasingly addicted to drugs and alcohol while filming The Real World. Due to erratic behavior and substance ... abuse, he was asked to leave the show to pursue treatment. Kovar next appeared in the third season of Celebrity Rehab with Dr. ... Kovar's family stated there were no signs of alcohol or other drugs found in his system, and believed he had been sober for ... Kovar believed he was cast for The Real World: Hollywood due to his personality and openness about past partying and drug use. ...
Kirby, K. N., Petry, N. M., & Bickel, W. K. (1999). Heroin addicts have higher discount rates for delayed rewards than non-drug ... She is the author of the book Contingency Management for Substance Abuse Treatment: A Guide to Implementing This Evidence-Based ... Petry's research has been funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the ... She conducted clinical research on drug abuse at the University of Vermont from 1994 to 1996, where she evaluated optimal ...
... "six structured Substance Abuse Programs." CRC "offers the world's largest in-custody substance abuse program and is the only ... drug-addicted inmates." The drug treatment programs are thought to be associated with lower recidivism rates. However, in ... Special Review Into In-Prison Substance Abuse Programs Managed by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. ... Special Review Into In-Prison Substance Abuse Programs Managed by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. ...
... and communities affected by substance abuse and dependency. Phoenix House was founded in 1967 by six heroin addicts who met at ... LLC Alcoholism Drug abuse Drug addiction Drug rehabilitation BEYONCÉ OPENS COSMETOLOGY CENTER AT PHOENIX HOUSE Phoenix House ... Adults with advanced substance abuse or substance abuse complicated by mental health conditions are treated at Phoenix House's ... In 1983, Phoenix House opened its first Phoenix House Academy, a residential high school where teens receive substance abuse ...
McBride had become addicted to drugs, resulting in erratic performances, and he was dismissed several months later. After his ... resulting from his years of substance abuse. He received head injuries during a robbery at his parents' residence in 1996, an ...
In Australia, Walker (1991) finds a strong link between substance abuse and crime. In general, making drugs illegal results in ... The resultant neglect is a contributory factor to the addict's physical deterioration. ... 1.2 billion for total costs of the abuse of illicit drugs in Australia in 1988, including treatment of drug-related illness, ... In Australia, for example, the National Campaign against Drug Abuse (see Collins & Lapsley 1991) gives a figure of just over $ ...
... is a recovering alcoholic and drug addict. Much of the novella describes how Reg Thorpe's delusions, unrelated to substance ... Henry's drinking and drug abuse make him susceptible to Thorpe's fantasies about Fornits and "They,"- shadowy antagonists never ... abuse, mirror and amplify Henry's own irrational and self-destructive conduct. This could be considered a case of folie à deux ...
He had recently resigned as Executive Director of Drug Addicts Recovery Enterprises, a local, faith-based substance abuse ... treatment center for heroin addicts. Among the discussion topics during Emert's introductory staff meeting was the desire by ...
Prevention of substance abuse and HIV. Intervention. Creating awareness of drugs, drug addiction, sexually transmitted disease ... The aim of this campaign is to prevent drug abuse and promote recovery among addicts throughout the Maldives. The launching of ... which focused on using the media to educate and enable Maldivian youth to reject illicit drugs, prevent drug abuse and ... an NGO dedicated in helping drug addicts in their recovery, and in raising public awareness on drug related issues, Vice ...
It is also interesting to note, as research suggests, that women addicts more frequently have a family history of drug abuse. ... Substance users learn that the effects of each type of drug work to relieve or better painful states. They use drugs as a form ... Time: Spending a lot of time studying drugs, obtaining drugs, using drugs, being under the influence of drugs, and recovering ... There are so many "role models" who have major drug problems, promoting a lifestyle of partying and abusing drugs. This gives ...
"Addicts: No Children Allowed". BBC. Retrieved 21 October 2010. Meagher, John. "We'll pay Irish drug addicts to be sterilised". ... "CRACK Uses Unethical Tactics to Stop Women with Substance Abuse Problems" Archived 2010-04-03 at the Wayback Machine., Harris ... said it was inappropriate to sterilize addicts. Gostin, Nicki. "Barbara Harris on Adopting Drug-Addicted Babies and Why She ... "Drug addict sterilised for cash - but can Barbara Harris save our babies?". The Daily Telegraph. 19 October 2010. Retrieved 21 ...
He currently speaks about drug awareness and substance abuse. Powell spent the 1984 USFL season with the Oklahoma Outlaws based ... Powell started using crack cocaine in 1985, and by 1988 was addicted to cocaine, and was smoking marijuana and drinking ... Powell currently is a substance abuse counselor, helping people combat their drug problems. He also speaks at schools about ... "Alvin Powell - Drug Awareness". Stanstead, Quebec, Canada: Stanstead College. 2005-10-25. Archived from the original on October ...
In Australia, Walker (1991) finds a strong link between substance abuse and crime. In general, making drugs illegal results in ... The resultant neglect is a contributory factor to the addict's physical deterioration. ... 1.2 billion for total costs of the abuse of illicit drugs in Australia in 1988, including treatment of drug-related illness, ... Collins, D.J. & Lapsley, H.M. (1991). Estimating the Economic Costs of Drug Abuse in Australia Canberra: Dept. Of Comm. Health ...
Holberg was caught with drugs and was released from state custody after completion of a substance abuse felony punishment ... After the dissolution of her marriage, she became addicted to drugs and confessed to scamming prescription medication from ... Holberg believed she would have little legal recourse because of her status as a drug-abusing prostitute and fled to Tennessee ... In a Dallas Morning News account, Brittany Holberg was described as a woman who was exposed to drugs at home when she was 13 or ...
... frequently draws on his own past experience as a drug addict to educate and confront callers on the subject of substance abuse ... His teenage years were the start of his problems with substance abuse, as he began drinking at an early age. He attended San ...
The statement in the First Step that the individual is "powerless" over the substance-abuse related behavior at issue refers to ... Demographic preferences related to the addicts' drug of choice has led to the creation of Cocaine Anonymous, Crystal Meth ... Twelve-step methods have been adapted to address a wide range of alcoholism, substance-abuse and dependency problems. Over 200 ... ISBN 0-275-96049-8. Borman, P. D., & Dixon, D. N. (Fall 1998). "Spirituality and the 12 steps of substance abuse recovery". ...
... both had substance abuse issues. Royer was addicted to heroin, while Agnew abused a variety of drugs and drank alcohol ... drug abuse, depression, and morbid obesity over the next several years, despite being taken to drug rehabilitation by some of ... He gave up hard drugs and alcohol, began dieting and exercising, and lost a significant amount of weight. By 2014 he was ...
But substance abuse still exists in this future- there is a lucrative black market in blanketrol, an earlier version of ... Handguns also come with threatening violin soundtracks.) And everyone is "on the make"--make being a snortable drug available ... Pansy Greenleaf is initially addicted to it. Karma is also subject to transactions through portable debit cards. Once someone's ... Blanketrol-addicted woman with whom Celeste Stanhunt lives Dulcie - An evolved ewe employed by Testafer. Barry Greenleaf - An ...
"Drug Abuse and De-Addiction in Punjab". Retrieved 22 December 2011. "Covered in a Cloud of Addiction". The Times Of India. 21 ... The hospital's Psychiatry Department is actively combatting the substance abuse crisis in Punjab, in which the majority of ... Punjabi youth are addicted to drugs. The Department offers de-addiction services and has found that most patients are between ... 20-30 years old and are addicted to anything from cough syrup and smack to cocaine and alcohol. A new OPD block was inaugurated ...
The organization works for the rehabilitation of HIV/AIDS patients and the victims of substance abuse and alcoholism and is ... The centre employs yoga as a means to treat alcoholics and drug addicts. Pereira teaches yoga philosophy in various Indian ... non governmental organization working for the rehabilitation of HIV patients and people affected by substance abuse. He has ... He acts as a consultant to the Archdiocese of Bombay in matters related to drug addiction and conducts regular workshops on de- ...
... psychopaths were more likely to be drug addicts are not compatible with current methodologies and theories of substance abuse ... perception of community also led him to investigate the causes and treatment of substance abuse disorders, particularly ... Adler's work with addicts was significant since most other prominent proponents of psychoanalysis invested relatively little ... When a child does not feel equal and is enacted upon (abused through pampering or neglect) they are likely to develop ...
... methadone for drug addicts in order to limit the number of children born to parents with a history of substance abuse. He has ...
... it recruits members from drug rehabilitation clinics by helping addicts recover and then forcing them into service for the drug ... values during recruitment and has placed banners in areas of operations claiming that it does not tolerate substance abuse or ... designed to seize control of the illegal drug trade in Michoacán state from rival drug cartels. While it initially trained with ... It once was the fastest-growing cartel in the country's drug war and is a religious cult-like group that celebrates family ...
Royer was addicted to heroin, while Agnew abused a variety of drugs and drank alcohol excessively throughout the 1990s and ... and Royer and Rikk Agnew had both reduced their musical activities due to substance abuse issues: ...
... in line with the gateway drug theory - and also between sugar consumption and the self-administration of drugs of abuse.[20] ... substance use disorder - a condition in which the use of substances leads to clinically and functionally significant impairment ... high doses of a drug for long periods of time can transform someone who has relatively lower genetic loading into an addict.. ... Drug sensitization occurs in drug addiction, and is defined as an increased effect of drug following repeated doses (the ...
... the research community should be alert to the possibility that it could hit some populations with substance use disorders ... active heroin addict in home. Submitted by Sandy on March 30, 2020 ... "COVID-19: Potential Implications for Individuals with Substance Use Disorders." National Institute on Drug Abuse, 7 Jul. 2020, ... COVID-19: Potential Implications for Individuals with Substance Use Disorders. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. https ...
... abuse or become addicted to drugs. ... A play about substance abuse was successful at prompting ... Abuse of prescription drugs Increasingly, drug abusers are getting their next fix from their medicine cabinets, instead of from ... New report says treat smokers like drug addicts According to the the Royal College of Physicians (RCP), heavily-addicted ... UK estimates of drug-related deaths (DRDs) include mortalities of drug abusers and non-drug abusers. ...
Residential substance abuse treatment programs, dual diagnosis bi-polar and co-occuring disorder programs as well as online ... Find the Best Drug and Alcohol Rehab Centers to treat your drug addiction, dual diagnosis or mental health condition. We are a ... 6 Lies Addicts Need to Stop Telling Themselves Hold Space, Not Ropes: The Difference Between Compassion and Codependency ...
The place to start is to find a reputable alcohol or street drug addiction recovery helpline. Toll-Free Substance Abuse ... If you or someone you know is abusing or is addicted to alcohol or street drugs, there is help. In most cases, a drug addicts ... You need to tell the truth about your drug use, the problems that the drug abuse is causing, and the severity of the addiction ... The best treatment is identified by taking into account the drug being abused, the frequency of use, the amount of drugs used, ...
Listings of alcohol drug rehab centers in Nashville Tennessee to help find a program to start recovery find state department ... There is more than one type of program for substance abuse. The "30 day" inpatient type of a facility is the most intense and ... Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. Andrew Jackson Building. 500 Deadrick Street. Nashville, TN. Phone: 615-532-7803 ... Addict Help > Nashville Tennessee Drug Alcohol Rehab Treatment Centers Near Me - How To Pick the Right Program ...
Drug Evaluation. Subject:. Substance abuse. Subject:. Pregnant women. Subject:. Newborn infants. Subject:. Drug abuse in ... National Institute on Drug Abuse. Note:. Rockville, Md. : U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, ... Medications development for the treatment of pregnant addicts and their infants /. Title:. Medications development for the ...
Ask questions and get answers about Substance Abuse - Cocaine. Our support group helps people share their own experience. 15 ... Drug Courts, Treatment Focus of New White House Opioid Strategy. WEDNESDAY, Nov. 1, 2017 - Steering opioid addicts toward ... Home › Q & A › Support Groups › Substance Abuse - Cocaine. Join the Substance Abuse - Cocaine group to help and get support ... Drugs.com Mobile Apps. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own ...
... but addicts have a hard time getting prescriptions. So theyre turning to the black market. ... A prescription drug called Suboxone helps wean people off of heroin and pain pills, ... The Center for Substance Abuse Research at the University of Maryland, College Park recently warned of an emerging ... Meet The Drug Dealer Who Helps Addicts Quit : Planet Money A prescription drug called Suboxone helps wean people off of heroin ...
I have been addicted to loratabs for 4 yrs. I cant stop due to withdrawals. I am not prescribed. I wasnt supposed to be able ... History of Rapid Drug Detox Julia Aharonov, DO, reveals the quickest way to beat drug withdrawal. ... Communities>Addiction: Substance Abuse>surprise pregnancy, addicted to loratabs. NEED SERIOUS HELP!!! ... I have been addicted to loratabs for 4 yrs. I cant stop due to withdrawals. I am not prescribed. I wasnt supposed to be able ...
Substance Abuse Filed under: Marijuana, Mexico Security Threats, United States Security Threats Number of Drug Addicts in ... Posted in: Substance Abuse Filed under: Heroin, United States Security Threats Prescription Drug Abuse by Older Americans. ... Posted in: Substance Abuse Filed under: Prescription Drug Abuse News, United States Security Threats Post navigation. Page 1 of ... Posted in: Substance Abuse, Transnational Crime Filed under: Sex Trade, United Kingdom Security Threats Illegal Drug Use in the ...
I am a recovering addict Ive been clean for 3 years will my brain ever be like someone who has never used drugs. I have ... I am a recovering addict Ive been clean for 3 years will my brain ever be like someone who has never used drugs. I have ... I am a recovering addict Ive been clean for 3 years will my brain ever be like someone who has never used drugs. I have ...
... self-prescribing and the subsequent abuse of controlled medications could increase the risk of future drug abuse and substance ... No recent studies have looked at the overall prevalence of substance abuse among physicians, so we have to assume that it is ... Is Your Doctor a Drug Addict?. The suspected cocaine overdose death of a successful Long Island dermatologist has brought the ... Personal anecdotes aside, the prevalence of substance abuse in physicians was last studied by JAMA in 1992 when anonymous ...
Big spike recorded in older drug, alcohol addicts. May 18, 2011 Comments Off on Big spike recorded in older drug, alcohol ... doctors Drug abuse Drug Enforcement Administration drugs Healthcare hydrocodone pharmacists prescriptions Substance abuse ... Drug abuse hurts productivity. June 9, 2010 Comments Off on Drug abuse hurts productivity ... Tagged with: Certilman Balin Adler & Hyman drugs Long Island Meyer Suozzi English & Klein Substance abuse ...
6. Food and Drug Administration/National Institute on Drug Abuse. Methadone in maintenance and detoxification; joint proposed ... Although the HIV-antibody status of residents of the substance-abuse facility was unknown, the clients were at high risk for ... Tuberculin skin reactivity in HIV-seropositive intravenous drug addicts (Letter). N Engl J Med 1989;321:1268. ... The patient was living in a residential substance-abuse treatment facility in Michigan after moving from a large northeastern ...
HIV Substance Abuse HIV Infections Drug: Oral Naltrexone (ON) Drug: Implantable Naltrexone (IN) Phase 3 ... 260 recently detoxified opioid addicts beginning ART to a 48-week course of biweekly drug counseling with either oral ... Adherence to HIV Therapy in Heroin Addicts. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study ... Physiological Effects of Drugs. Sensory System Agents. Peripheral Nervous System Agents. Analgesics, Opioid. Narcotics. Central ...
Drug testing physicians for substance of abuse: case report of a false-positive result. J Clin Anesth. 2013;25(8):669-671.. ... Physician substance abuse impairment: anesthesiologists vs. other specialties. J Addict Dis. 1999;18(1):1-7.. ... Dasgupta A. The effects of adulterants and selected ingested compounds on drugs-of-abuse testing in urine. Am J Clin Pathol. ... Drug abuse in anesthesia training programs. A survey: 1970-1980. JAMA. 1983;250(7):922-925.. ...
Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse. ... Persistence of Transaminase Abnormalities in Former Drug Addicts CHARLES E. CHERUBIN, M.D., F.A.C.P.; SETH KANE, B.A.; DANIEL R ... CHERUBIN CE, KANE S, WEINBERGER DR, WOLFE E, MCGINN T. Persistence of Transaminase Abnormalities in Former Drug Addicts. Ann ... Infections in Intravenous Drug Abusers Annals of Internal Medicine; 116 (12_Part_1): 1039 ...
Related Categories: Substance Abuse BACKGROUND: Approximately 10% of opiate drug addicts on methadone maintenance treatment ( ... Substance Abuse (9) [RSS]. Surgery (24) [RSS]. Tai Chi (3) [RSS]. Traditional Chinese Medicine (11) [RSS]. Training (3) [RSS]. ... Related Categories: Substance Abuse The aim of the present study was to assess the efficiency of conscious hypnosis on patient ... Related Categories: Substance Abuse Although hypnotherapy has been applied to alcoholism for over a century and is accepted by ...
investigated recent trends in substance abuse treatment admissions for cannabis use in pregnancy in the US, based on Treatment ... Hoell I, Havemann-Reinecke U (October 2011). "[Pregnant opioid addicted patients and additional drug intake. Part I. Toxic ... ISBN 978-1-877018-12-1. [page needed] Behnke M, Smith VC (March 2013). "Prenatal substance abuse: short- and long-term effects ... Drugs in pregnancy Fonseca BM, Correia-da-Silva G, Almada M, Costa MA, Teixeira NA (2013). "The Endocannabinoid System in the ...
Having said that, it is really quite simple to define drug addiction. ... We accept nowadays that drug addiction is in fact a disease, and a complicated one at that. ... To say that a person is a drug addict, or if you like drug dependent, they have to be taking the substance on a regular basis, ... Substance abuse treatment services. Services. Substance abuse treatment. Type of Care. Outpatient. Payment. Self payment, State ...
Denial - The Number One Cause of Death for Drug Addicts. By Christopher Jacoby , In Substance Abuse ... Facing the Challenges of Having a Drug Addicted Teenager. By Christopher Jacoby , In Substance Abuse ... How to Talk to a Drug Addict. By Mack LeMouse , In Substance Abuse ... Drug Intervention and How to Go About a Drug Intervention. By Mack LeMouse , In Substance Abuse ...
Growing up as a child of a drug-dependent parent g. Living with addicted siblings h. Caring for children who abuse substances i ... Why people abuse substances b. Pregnancy & smoking, drinking and drug use c. Effects of parental smoking on infants d. Parental ... Substance Abuse in Families (20) (Semester 1) This module will primarily analyse the sociological aspects of substance ... Empirical concerns are likely to include the role of the media in crime construction, the use and abuse of drugs, the ...
Growing up as a child of a drug-dependent parent g. Living with addicted siblings h. Caring for children who abuse substances i ... Why people abuse substances b. Pregnancy & smoking, drinking and drug use c. Effects of parental smoking on infants d. Parental ... Substance Abuse in Families (20) (Semester 1) This module will primarily analyse the sociological aspects of substance ... Substance use and the legal system j. Agencies and interventions that can help ...
Monalisa, Substance abuse, Drug addicts, Sweden Director Jessica Nettelbladt Producer Lise Lense-Møller, Cecilie Bjørnaraa ... After years of drug abuse, she meets Fredrik, a kindred soul, also marked by his upbringing. The odds are not in their favour, ... Early memories burn inside her, and although she knows she is on a path to destruction, the pull of the drug that numbs her ...
National Survey on Drug Use and Health 2018. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. https://www.datafiles. ... Addict Behav 2015;49:26-32. CrossRefexternal icon PubMedexternal icon ... 2Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. 3University of Washington, School of Public ... Our 4 study questions, which were adapted from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (13) and the Behavioral Risk Factor ...

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