Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Odontogenesis: The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Tooth Germ: The collective tissues from which an entire tooth is formed, including the DENTAL SAC; ENAMEL ORGAN; and DENTAL PAPILLA. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Ameloblasts: Cylindrical epithelial cells in the innermost layer of the ENAMEL ORGAN. Their functions include contribution to the development of the dentinoenamel junction by the deposition of a layer of the matrix, thus producing the foundation for the prisms (the structural units of the DENTAL ENAMEL), and production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)OdontoblastsTooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)MSX1 Transcription Factor: A homeodomain protein that interacts with TATA-BOX BINDING PROTEIN. It represses GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of target GENES and plays a critical role in ODONTOGENESIS.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Enamel Organ: Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Tooth, Unerupted: A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.Tooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Diastema: An abnormal opening or fissure between two adjacent teeth.Tooth Root: The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)Amelogenesis: The elaboration of dental enamel by ameloblasts, beginning with its participation in the formation of the dentino-enamel junction to the production of the matrix for the enamel prisms and interprismatic substance. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992).Dental Enamel Proteins: The proteins that are part of the dental enamel matrix.Dentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Fused Teeth: Two teeth united during development by the union of their tooth germs; the teeth may be joined by the enamel of their crowns, by their root dentin, or by both.Tooth, Supernumerary: An extra tooth, erupted or unerupted, resembling or unlike the other teeth in the group to which it belongs. Its presence may cause malposition of adjacent teeth or prevent their eruption.Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal: Neoplasms composed of primordial GERM CELLS of embryonic GONADS or of elements of the germ layers of the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the gonads or present in an embryo or FETUS.Tooth Wear: Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processesMandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Amelogenin: A major dental enamel-forming protein found in mammals. In humans the protein is encoded by GENES found on both the X CHROMOSOME and the Y CHROMOSOME.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Tooth, Nonvital: A tooth from which the dental pulp has been removed or is necrotic. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Mesoderm: The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4: A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.Tooth, Impacted: A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.Organ Culture Techniques: A technique for maintenance or growth of animal organs in vitro. It refers to three-dimensional cultures of undisaggregated tissue retaining some or all of the histological features of the tissue in vivo. (Freshney, Culture of Animal Cells, 3d ed, p1)Tooth Cervix: The constricted part of the tooth at the junction of the crown and root or roots. It is often referred to as the cementoenamel junction (CEJ), the line at which the cementum covering the root of a tooth and the enamel of the tooth meet. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p530, p433)Epithelium: One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.Hedgehog Proteins: A family of intercellular signaling proteins that play and important role in regulating the development of many TISSUES and organs. Their name derives from the observation of a hedgehog-like appearance in DROSOPHILA embryos with genetic mutations that block their action.Wheat Germ Agglutinins: Lectins purified from the germinating seeds of common wheat (Triticum vulgare); these bind to certain carbohydrate moieties on cell surface glycoproteins and are used to identify certain cell populations and inhibit or promote some immunological or physiological activities. There are at least two isoforms of this lectin.Tooth Exfoliation: Physiologic loss of the primary dentition. (Zwemer, Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Tooth Avulsion: Partial or complete displacement of a tooth from its alveolar support. It is commonly the result of trauma. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p312)Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Transplantation: Transference of a tissue or organ from either an alive or deceased donor, within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.Morphogenesis: The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.Tooth DiseasesTooth Calcification: The process whereby calcium salts are deposited in the dental enamel. The process is normal in the development of bones and teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p43)Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Tooth Ankylosis: Solid fixation of a tooth resulting from fusion of the cementum and alveolar bone, with obliteration of the periodontal ligament. It is uncommon in the deciduous dentition and very rare in permanent teeth. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Tooth Socket: A hollow part of the alveolar process of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE where each tooth fits and is attached via the periodontal ligament.Ophthalmic Solutions: Sterile solutions that are intended for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS.Tooth Replantation: Reinsertion of a tooth into the alveolus from which it was removed or otherwise lost.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Tooth Resorption: Resorption of calcified dental tissue, involving demineralization due to reversal of the cation exchange and lacunar resorption by osteoclasts. There are two types: external (as a result of tooth pathology) and internal (apparently initiated by a peculiar inflammatory hyperplasia of the pulp). (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p676)Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.Spermatogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Germ Layers: The three primary germinal layers (ECTODERM; ENDODERM; and MESODERM) developed during GASTRULATION that provide tissues and body plan of a mature organism. They derive from two early layers, hypoblast and epiblast.Mice, Inbred ICRDentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Root Canal Therapy: A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.Odontometry: Measurement of tooth characteristics.Homeodomain Proteins: Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).Tooth Demineralization: A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Extremities: The farthest or outermost projections of the body, such as the HAND and FOOT.Testicular Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.Anodontia: Congenital absence of the teeth; it may involve all (total anodontia) or only some of the teeth (partial anodontia, hypodontia), and both the deciduous and the permanent dentition, or only teeth of the permanent dentition. (Dorland, 27th ed)RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Tooth Preparation, Prosthodontic: The selected form given to a natural tooth when it is reduced by instrumentation to receive a prosthesis (e.g., artificial crown or a retainer for a fixed or removable prosthesis). The selection of the form is guided by clinical circumstances and physical properties of the materials that make up the prosthesis. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239)Body Patterning: The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.Periodontal Ligament: The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).Alveolar Process: The thickest and spongiest part of the maxilla and mandible hollowed out into deep cavities for the teeth.Age Determination by Teeth: A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.Spermatozoa: Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.Trans-Activators: Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Dental Cementum: The bonelike rigid connective tissue covering the root of a tooth from the cementoenamel junction to the apex and lining the apex of the root canal, also assisting in tooth support by serving as attachment structures for the periodontal ligament. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)WingDental Pulp Cavity: The space in a tooth bounded by the dentin and containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.Genetic Techniques: Chromosomal, biochemical, intracellular, and other methods used in the study of genetics.Germinoma: A malignant neoplasm of the germinal tissue of the GONADS; MEDIASTINUM; or pineal region. Germinomas are uniform in appearance, consisting of large, round cells with vesicular nuclei and clear or finely granular eosinophilic-staining cytoplasm. (Stedman, 265th ed; from DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1642-3)Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Dental Pulp Necrosis: Death of pulp tissue with or without bacterial invasion. When the necrosis is due to ischemia with superimposed bacterial infection, it is referred to as pulp gangrene. When the necrosis is non-bacterial in origin, it is called pulp mummification.Spermatogonia: Euploid male germ cells of an early stage of SPERMATOGENESIS, derived from prespermatogonia. With the onset of puberty, spermatogonia at the basement membrane of the seminiferous tubule proliferate by mitotic then meiotic divisions and give rise to the haploid SPERMATOCYTES.Sertoli Cells: Supporting cells projecting inward from the basement membrane of SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. They surround and nourish the developing male germ cells and secrete ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN and hormones such as ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. The tight junctions of Sertoli cells with the SPERMATOGONIA and SPERMATOCYTES provide a BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER.Seminiferous Tubules: The convoluted tubules in the TESTIS where sperm are produced (SPERMATOGENESIS) and conveyed to the RETE TESTIS. Spermatogenic tubules are composed of developing germ cells and the supporting SERTOLI CELLS.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Radiography, Panoramic: Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.Periapical Periodontitis: Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Gonads: The gamete-producing glands, OVARY or TESTIS.Spermatocytes: Male germ cells derived from SPERMATOGONIA. The euploid primary spermatocytes undergo MEIOSIS and give rise to the haploid secondary spermatocytes which in turn give rise to SPERMATIDS.Paleodontology: The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.Spermatids: Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Seminoma: A radiosensitive, malignant neoplasm of the testis, thought to be derived from primordial germ cells of the sexually undifferentiated embryonic gonad. There are three variants: classical (typical), the most common type; anaplastic; and spermatocytic. The classical seminoma is composed of fairly well differentiated sheets or cords of uniform polygonal or round cells (seminoma cells), each cell having abundant clear cytoplasm, distinct cell membranes, a centrally placed round nucleus, and one or more nucleoli. In the female, a grossly and histologically identical neoplasm, known as dysgerminoma, occurs. (Dorland, 27th ed)Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Molar, Third: The aftermost permanent tooth on each side in the maxilla and mandible.Post and Core Technique: Use of a metal casting, usually with a post in the pulp or root canal, designed to support and retain an artificial crown.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Pulpectomy: Dental procedure in which the entire pulp chamber is removed from the crown and roots of a tooth.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Periodontium: The structures surrounding and supporting the tooth. Periodontium includes the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Root Canal Filling Materials: Materials placed inside a root canal for the purpose of obturating or sealing it. The materials may be gutta-percha, silver cones, paste mixtures, or other substances. (Dorland, 28th ed, p631 & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p187)Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Mesial Movement of Teeth: Migration of the teeth toward the midline or forward in the DENTAL ARCH. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Denture Design: The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.Root Canal Preparation: Preparatory activities in ROOT CANAL THERAPY by partial or complete extirpation of diseased pulp, cleaning and sterilization of the empty canal, enlarging and shaping the canal to receive the sealing material. The cavity may be prepared by mechanical, sonic, chemical, or other means. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1700)Denture, Partial, Removable: A partial denture designed and constructed to be removed readily from the mouth.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Dental Leakage: The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.Root Canal Obturation: Phase of endodontic treatment in which a root canal system that has been cleaned is filled through use of special materials and techniques in order to prevent reinfection.Pulpitis: Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Meiosis: A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.Dental Cements: Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.Orthodontic Appliances: Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)PAX9 Transcription Factor: A paired box transcription factor that is involved in ODONTOGENESIS.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Phenylmercury Compounds: Organic mercury compounds in which the mercury is attached to a phenyl group. Often used as fungicides and seed treatment agents.Forensic Dentistry: The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Oogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the female from the primordial germ cells through OOGONIA to the mature haploid ova (OVUM).Radiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Periapical Diseases: Diseases of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE surrounding the root of the tooth, which is distinguished from DENTAL PULP DISEASES inside the TOOTH ROOT.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Denture, Partial, Fixed: A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Dentin SensitivityDental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Orthodontic Brackets: Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Glass Ionomer Cements: A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Calcium Hydroxide: A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Inlays: Restorations of metal, porcelain, or plastic made to fit a cavity preparation, then cemented into the tooth. Onlays are restorations which fit into cavity preparations and overlay the occlusal surface of a tooth or teeth. Onlays are retained by frictional or mechanical factors.Acid Etching, Dental: Preparation of TOOTH surfaces and DENTAL MATERIALS with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to roughen the surface to increase adhesion or osteointegration.Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.Preservatives, Pharmaceutical: Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.Gametogenesis: The process of germ cell development from the primordial GERM CELLS to the mature haploid GAMETES: ova in the female (OOGENESIS) or sperm in the male (SPERMATOGENESIS).Periodontal Splints: Fixed or removable devices that join teeth together. They are used to repair teeth that are mobile as a result of PERIODONTITIS.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Gutta-Percha: Coagulated exudate isolated from several species of the tropical tree Palaquium (Sapotaceae). It is the trans-isomer of natural rubber and is used as a filling and impression material in dentistry and orthopedics and as an insulator in electronics. It has also been used as a rubber substitute.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Periapical Tissue: Tissue surrounding the apex of a tooth, including the apical portion of the periodontal membrane and alveolar bone.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Teratoma: A true neoplasm composed of a number of different types of tissue, none of which is native to the area in which it occurs. It is composed of tissues that are derived from three germinal layers, the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. They are classified histologically as mature (benign) or immature (malignant). (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1642)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Dentin-Bonding Agents: Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.Dentinogenesis: The formation of dentin. Dentin first appears in the layer between the ameloblasts and odontoblasts and becomes calcified immediately. Formation progresses from the tip of the papilla over its slope to form a calcified cap becoming thicker by the apposition of new layers pulpward. A layer of uncalcified dentin intervenes between the calcified tissue and the odontoblast and its processes. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Seminiferous Epithelium: The epithelium lining the seminiferous tubules composed of primary male germ cells (SPERMATOGONIA) and supporting SERTOLI CELLS. As SPERMATOGENESIS proceeds, the developing germ cells migrate toward the lumen. The adluminal compartment, the inner two thirds of the tubules, contains SPERMATOCYTES and the more advanced germ cells.Orthodontics, Corrective: The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).Orthodontic Extrusion: Orthodontic movement in the coronal direction achieved by outward tension on the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT. It does not include the operative procedure that CROWN LENGTHENING involves.Dysgerminoma: A malignant ovarian neoplasm, thought to be derived from primordial germ cells of the sexually undifferentiated embryonic gonad. It is the counterpart of the classical seminoma of the testis, to which it is both grossly and histologically identical. Dysgerminomas comprise 16% of all germ cell tumors but are rare before the age of 10, although nearly 50% occur before the age of 20. They are generally considered of low-grade malignancy but may spread if the tumor extends through its capsule and involves lymph nodes or blood vessels. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1646)Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Orthodontic Appliance Design: The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.Periodontal Pocket: An abnormal extension of a gingival sulcus accompanied by the apical migration of the epithelial attachment and bone resorption.Pulpotomy: Dental procedure in which part of the pulp chamber is removed from the crown of a tooth.Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Bruxism: A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.Alveolar Bone Loss: Resorption or wasting of the tooth-supporting bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS) in the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Denture, Partial, Fixed, Resin-Bonded: A commonly used prosthesis that results in a strong, permanent restoration. It consists of an electrolytically etched cast-metal retainer that is cemented (bonded), using resins, to adjacent teeth whose enamel was previously acid-treated (acid-etched). This type of bridgework is sometimes referred to as a Maryland bridge.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Silicates: The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Acrylic ResinsDental Restoration, Temporary: A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Embryo, Nonmammalian: The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Epoxy Resins: Polymeric resins derived from OXIRANES and characterized by strength and thermosetting properties. Epoxy resins are often used as dental materials.
You may see men on the street any day whose laugh is only a frozen grin with nothing in it but teeth. Men without humor tend to ... Lincoln said, 'Good humor is the oxygen of the soul.' And someone paraphrased, 'The surly bird catches the germ.'" "We are ... forget their source, lose sight of their goal, and with no lubrication in their mental crankshafts, they must drop out of the ...
As a drug, this compound is used in some preparations for the whitening of teeth. It is also used to relieve minor inflammation ... Carbamide peroxide is also suitable as a disinfectant, e.g. for germ reduction on contact lens surfaces or as an antiseptic for ... mouthwashes, ear drops or for superficial wounds and ulcers. In the laboratory, it is used as a more easily handled replacement ...
This is because the root apex of an injured primary tooth lies near the tooth germ of the adult tooth.[8] ... drop off' sensation of entering a pulp chamber will not occur.[38] ... Therefore, a displaced primary tooth will be removed if it is found to have encroached upon the developing adult tooth germ.[8] ... If a tooth is avulsed, make sure it is a permanent tooth (primary teeth should not be replanted, and instead the injury site ...
Sho was shrunken down to size to face Germ Man. Once Sho won the Idaten Battle, Germ Man and his Germ Men were vanquished. ... Team Shark Tooth is a group of MTB riders that serve as the primary antagonists of the first half of the series. Upon their ... In Gabu's tournament, Arthur Idaten Battled her and beat her when she dropped her crystal ball and tripped over it with her MTB ... Germ Man Voiced by: Michael Sorich A microbial MTB rider and his germs that infected Makoto with bad fruit found in the ...
The less CO2 available, the fewer bicarbonates can be synthesized; therefore, the pH drops. Under this condition it is wise to ... Appropriately, one might brush their teeth, floss, and use mouthwash, before and after playing to lower risks of illness. Using ... June 2003: 11-12 Bryan, A. H. (1960). Band instruments harbor germs. Music Educators Journal, 46(5), 84-85. Casadonte, Donald ...
Germ cell malignancy risk, once thought to be relatively high, is now thought to be approximately 2%. Wolffian structures (the ... Slijper FM, Drop SL, Molenaar JC, de Muinck Keizer-Schrama SM (April 1998). "Long-term psychological evaluation of intersex ... Alvesalo L, Varrela J (September 1980). "Permanent tooth sizes in 46,XY females". American Journal of Human Genetics. 32 (5): ... The risk of malignant germ cell tumors in women with CAIS increases with age and has been estimated to be 3.6% at 25 years and ...
6) Luttinger, Nina; Dicum, Gregory (2006). The coffee book: anatomy of an industry from crop to the last drop. The New Press. p ... Francisco de Melo Palheta smuggled seeds, still essentially from the germ plasm originally taken from Yemen to Batavia, from ... "Maltese history through a sweet tooth". tenzo.fr. Retrieved 23 August 2016. William Harrison Ukers, All About Coffee :2. " ... availability in the wartime and immediate postwar period dropped to nearly zero, then rapidly increased as import barriers were ...
Water freezes in this way once it falls to a temperature of 40 °F (5 °C)and the surrounding air temperature drops to 32 °F (0 ° ... and later a horse-drawn plough with teeth to assist in the cutting process itself, replacing the hand saw. By the 1850s, ... New York specialists claimed ice from the Hudson River to be unsafe for consumption and potentially containing typhoid germs; ...
... rates dropped in Britain and in the rest of Europe. In the 1970s, national medical associations in Australia and ... The use of circumcision to promote good health also fit in with the germ theory of disease during that time, which saw the ... It may be accompanied by body scarification and the removal of teeth, and may be followed later by penile subincision. ... Canada issued recommendations against routine infant circumcision, leading to drops in the rates of both of those countries. ...
In his writing he used this argument several times: no one doubts the wisdom of managing the germ plasm of agricultural stocks ... Can it be scientifically defined? Improvements in biological machinery… the limbs and teeth of grazing horses… the increase in ... it would be better when speaking of human races to drop the term 'race' altogether and speak of ethnic groups"… "Now what has ...
18 February - Limpet teeth might be the strongest known natural material, a new study has found. 19 February A regulator of ... "Eye drops could dissolve cataracts". Science. 22 July 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2015. Chou, Felicia; Johnson, Michele (July 23, ... "Don't edit the human germ line". Nature. 519 (7544): 410-411. Bibcode:2015Natur.519..410L. doi:10.1038/519410a. PMID 25810189. ... "Ancient Teeth Of Modern Human Species Discovered In Italy". International Business Times. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April ...
In a Season 2 short, it is revealed Voltar keeps a monster under his bed made by Frogg to scare away the tooth fairy. Also, in ... If he is washed in shampoo it makes a chemical reaction that creates a deadly 'Sudzilla'. His pan-dimensional germs have also ... he mistook Voltar for an employee at the car wash where he dropped off his Shuriken Typhoon Super-S Atomic Destructo-bot "Tina ... the germs brought them to life and were neutralized by paint. He also holds the villain record for "loudest soup slurping". It ...
gold, silver, and bronze good, bad, and indifferent the good, the bad, and the ugly guns, germs, and steel hand, foot, and ... drop, and roll stop, look, and listen soup, soap, and salvation sugar and spice and everything nice tall, dark, and handsome ... thick and thin thunder and lightning to and fro tooth and nail touch and go track and field trial and error tuck and roll up ... dump rough and tough shout and clout saggy baggy shake and bake slowly but surely smoke and joke stash and dash stop and drop ...
Ralston says they went the Germs and Cure for bacteriological warfare, they could drop pinhead plague germs on America and ... His first act of strength, to prove to Hirohito and Captain Nazi of his power, was to snap a steel bar in his teeth. Usually ... Unfortunately for the Germ People, once her normal size, Beautia sprays the potted plant with some old fashioned germ killer. A ... drop a turret onto them. Their leader tries to escape in his launch which he arrived in, but Cap has been waiting for him and ...
Gabriele Dirvanauskas (24 March 2016). "Thongs for the memories: As sales of M&S G-strings drop we chart rise & fall of the ... is more like a string of fabric akin between the teeth." Striptease: the Untold History of the Girlie Show says: "The thong [is ... concerns have been raised that they may become damp and act as a conduit for germ transfer, increasing the probability that the ...
KARS Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A; 118220; PMP22 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1B; 118200; MPZ Charcot-Marie-Tooth ... gelatinous drop-like; 204870; TACSTD2 Corneal dystrophy, Groenouw type I; 121900; TGFBI Corneal dystrophy, hereditary ... SCN1B Germ cell tumors; 273300; KIT Geroderma osteodysplasticum; 231070; SCYL1BP1 Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome; ... EGR2 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1E; 118300; PMP22 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1F; 607734; NEFL Charcot-Marie-Tooth ...
The nearer side is composed of tall nutritive cells that store nutrients in vacuoles (internal compartments), germ cells that ... and only attain the adult form by a more radical metamorphosis after dropping to the sea-floor. In contrast to the general ... stiffened cilia that act as teeth. Almost all ctenophores are predators, taking prey ranging from microscopic larvae and ... and has been blamed for causing sharp drops in fish catches by eating both fish larvae and small crustaceans that would ...
Paper is dipped in the solution and dried at 100 °C. One drop of the sample is dropped onto the dry paper and heated. A green ... With adequate zinc in the soil, the food plants that contain the most zinc are wheat (germ and bran) and various seeds (sesame ... The word is probably derived from the German zinke, and supposedly meant "tooth-like, pointed or jagged" (metallic zinc ... Strabo writing in the 1st century BC (but quoting a now lost work of the 4th century BC historian Theopompus) mentions "drops ...
"Wichita Falls Drops Wastewater Reuse Project". KERA News. July 28, 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2017. "Recycled water for drinking ... It took until the 1890s for the now universally accepted germ theory of disease to prevail. However, most wastewater was still ... Water fluoridation, the controlled addition of moderate concentrations of fluoride to a public water supply to reduce tooth ... "has dropped 75 percent since 1977," and that experts expect more situations like the Flint water crisis to emerge. Congress ...
Abnormal tooth germ position. *Delayed eruption. *Dilaceration (an abnormal development in tooth shape) ... over a bowl of water to prevent breakage if dropped. It is ideal for patients to carry a toothbrush with them during treatment ... 4) Tipping or changing the incline of the long axis of the tooth where the tooth may be proclined or retroclined and the tooth ... erupting teeth and missing teeth are left out in the scoring system and difficulties in judging conformity of each tooth to an ...
In Los Angeles, there were: the Weirdos, the Zeros, Black Randy and the Metrosquad, the Germs, Fear, The Go-Go's, X, the ... The Sex Pistols, originally scheduled to play, were dropped by the organizers who said the band had gone "too far" in demanding ... "as if his teeth had been ground down to points."[171] ... As inchoate as its name suggests, the Germs' "Forming" was the ... Savage (1992), p. 437; Mullen, Brendan, and Marc Spitz (May 2001). "Sit on My Face, Stevie Nicks! The Germs, Darby Crash, and ...
Paper is dipped in the solution and dried at 100 °C. One drop of the sample is dropped onto the dry paper and heated. A green ... The element was probably named by the alchemist Paracelsus after the German word Zinke (prong, tooth). German chemist Andreas ... With adequate zinc in the soil, the food plants that contain the most zinc are wheat (germ and bran) and various seeds, ... Strabo writing in the 1st century BC (but quoting a now lost work of the 4th century BC historian Theopompus) mentions "drops ...
... delayed exfoliation of baby teeth and delayed eruption of adult teeth, shorter roots on teeth, and often missing and malformed ... dropped the term in 1965 after a request by the delegation from the Mongolian People's Republic.[132] While the term mongoloid ... People with DS are believed to have an increased risk of developing cancers derived from germ cells whether these cancers are ... and early tooth loss, especially in the lower front teeth.[55][56] While plaque and poor oral hygiene are contributing factors ...
... supplemented by washing hands daily with soap and brushing teeth daily with fluoride, is at the core of this national program. ... and reduced repetition and drop-out ratios, especially for girls.[29] The study thus confirmed the linkages between adequate ...
Dental caries is the process of tooth decay, and the development of what is commonly known as cavities.[30] Dental caries are ... "Maternal deaths worldwide drop by third". World Health Organization. 15 September 2010.. ... Since its inception, the program has treated more than 2,000 pregnant women, many of whom had significant gum and/or tooth ... UN HEALTH AGENCIES: "Maternal deaths worldwide drop by a third" Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine ...
The sixth edition was published by Murray on 19 February 1872 as The Origin of Species, with "On" dropped from the title. ... He remarks that some rudimentary organs, such as teeth in baleen whales, are found only in embryonic stages.[165] These factors ... Germ theory of disease. *Central dogma of molecular biology. *Darwinism. *Great chain of being ... Even though the book did not explicitly spell out Darwin's beliefs about human origins, it had dropped a number of hints about ...
Fewer germs.". For some reason the bear drops my arm. I survive the attack. He bit me twice, leaving twenty-one punctures. He ... His teeth are jammed into the thin cotton jacket that I sleep in, and jammed into my arm. Thank goodness for the thin ... His teeth are white and clean and I think, "Thats a good thing. ...
i) Do not eat food that has dropped on the floor. It may have picked up germs. j) Eat well cooked foods. Brush teeth after ... When we go to the latrine/toilet or touch dirty objects, we often contaminate our lands with germs which may be carrying ...
a misplaced tooth germ or ear tooth in horses; occur unilaterally at the base of the ear, attached to the temporal bone. Called ... drop ear. an ear that is normally not erect; the end folds over or droops forward. Seen in many dog breeds. ...
a misplaced tooth germ or ear tooth in horses; occur unilaterally at the base of the ear, attached to the temporal bone. Called ... drop ear. an ear that is normally not erect; the end folds over or droops forward. Seen in many dog breeds. ... To remove insects from the ear, a few drops of lidocaine should be instilled. Inorganic foreign bodies can be removed with ... or bare the teeth. Any sign of facial nerve damage should be reported to the surgeon. vertigo is another common occurrence ...
Brush teeth and tongue thorougly first and rinse your mouth out. Then put about 4 drops of oil of oregano on your tongue and ... It tastes like liquid fire, and the germs dont like it. You may not like it either, but put up with it anyway, because it ... The last of his chops, why, I almost drops, For a wessel in sight I see! "And I never grin, and I never smile, And I never larf ... How sharper than a serpents tooth is the sting of an ungrateful colleague!! Oh, man of Emms, once benevolent and astute, how ...
As a germ killer itself, saliva has few rivals. Its anti-clumping properties keep bacteria from forming colonies on the teeth ... Still, when I dropped two bowls of bibimbap on the floor the other day (complete with perfectly poached eggs, and yes my heart ... As Mary Roach, author of Gulp (a book about your digestive system) points out, we carry a powerful germ-killer right in our ... So keep that in mind the next time you drop a piece of buttered toast on the floor. Yes, youve just picked up some extra ...
Pacifiers can become infested with germs quickly. Toddlers may drop them on the floor while playing and place it right back in ... They can cause upper teeth to stick out and have trouble coming in. Discuss these issues and their solutions with your family ... Recently the cases of SIDS in the U.S. have dropped dramatically and doctors are linking the use of pacifiers to this exciting ... Pacifiers can pick up germs from your hands, the floor, the stroller and many other places. Wash it regularly to ensure ...
Germs cause cavities.. Did you know that you can pass germs which cause cavities by sharing saliva? Avoid sharing spoons and ... toothbrushes with your child or cleaning a dropped pacifier in your mouth. ... Brushing Childs Teeth brochure.. Keeping Teeth Healthy. Bottles - If you give your child a bottle at bedtime or naps, give ... Baby Teeth Matter! Some people think baby teeth arent important because they fall out, but thats not true. Learn more about ...
This method allows unique access to the tooth ... ... Here we detail a method to culture tooth germs in mandible ... traverses automatically from left to right while at the same time the chopping arm carrying the blade is raised and dropped at ... The tooth germ appears very robust and such half tooth germs are able to develop well in culture, as previously shown in halved ... In some slices a whole tooth germ will be found within a slice, while in others the chopper may cut the tooth germ through the ...
You may see men on the street any day whose laugh is only a frozen grin with nothing in it but teeth. Men without humor tend to ... Lincoln said, Good humor is the oxygen of the soul. And someone paraphrased, The surly bird catches the germ." "We are ... forget their source, lose sight of their goal, and with no lubrication in their mental crankshafts, they must drop out of the ...
As mouthwash (5 drops to a.. Line 0.0.19. glass of water) it prevents decay of teeth,, ... aud destroys all disease germs.*. Line 0.0.21. THE. Line 0.0.22. SHOALHAVEN ...
Avoid Germs - Parents can also pass germs to their baby by sharing cups, spoons or tasting their childs food. Avoid sharing ... spoons and toothbrushes with your child or cleaning a dropped pacifier in your mouth. Parents should also have good oral health ... Tooth brushing - start as soon as you see the first tooth (usually around 6 months). Use a small soft toothbrush or clean damp ... When Should My Babys Teeth be Checked? Experts recommend that children should start having their teeth checked by a dentist or ...
Im mixing in 2-3 drops of the Germ Buster blend. (I make sure that the essential oil blend is well mixed into the safflower ... essential oils teeth,essential oils teeth and gums,natural dental care. Next Post » Taking Care of Teeth and Gums with ... Yikes! Luckily, I have good genes and strong teeth. I also have a good preventative routine: I brush my teeth at least twice a ... 5-10 drops of the essential oil of your choice dissolved in 50ml of grain alcohol or vodka (or a little less than an ounce.) ...
3 drops across the teeth of the blade and 1 drop on each back rail. ... Properly disinfect to kill germs and viruses by using Cool Care Plus.® Review the contact time necessary for proper ...
Dental decay is an infectious disease, and mothers can pass the decay-causing germs in their saliva to their babies by sharing ... Importantly, receipt of oral health care during pregnancy has improved-the proportion of women who report having their teeth ... a spoon, cleaning a dropped pacifier by mouth, or wiping the babys mouth with saliva. Because oral health problems are common ... during pregnancy, it is important for pregnant women and women of childbearing age to take good care of their teeth and gums ...
Wash Your Hands Before Flossing Your Teeth. Before you floss your teeth, make sure your hands have been thoroughly washed and ... How Can I Make Sure My At-Home Dental Products (Toothbrushes, Mouthwash, etc.) Stay Germ-Free?. *Make sure your toothbrush has ... Suck on sugar-free cough drops or chew sugar-free gum to stimulate saliva flow ... Tooth abscess (or associated toothache). If you, or someone in your family, experiences a dental emergency and you do not have ...
I fear were stuck in a germ-loop! On Thurs & Fri, I had some weird virus that gave me a thumping headache and one-sided tooth ... but as soon as hes ill this can drop to his red zones (50% of normal - so 120 or less) - so we monitor it and use it to know ... Vicky, how is DS? I fear were stuck in a germ-loop! On Thurs & Fri, I had some weird virus that gave me a thumping headache ... DS woke up yesterday with a temp complaining of a headache, sore throat and painful teeth. He still has all the symptoms today ...
As a drug, this compound is used in some preparations for the whitening of teeth. It is also used to relieve minor inflammation ... Carbamide peroxide is also suitable as a disinfectant, e.g. for germ reduction on contact lens surfaces or as an antiseptic for ... mouthwashes, ear drops or for superficial wounds and ulcers. In the laboratory, it is used as a more easily handled replacement ...
Newborns less than six months of age or babies without teeth (not suggested for the stage of teething) ... The durable one-piece construction means no germs hiding between cracks so the pacifier stays cleaner. ... WubbaNub functions as one! Patented design may prevent pacifier from being lost, dropped or even forgotten! ... Newborns less than six months of age or babies without teeth (not suggested for the stage of teething) ...
It can be used on toothaches and mouth sores, as eye drops and as a gargle to fight tooth decay and bad breath. It can also be ... in the field of bone regeneration, states: "The germ killing action of silver has been. known for some time. The Soviets use ... germs make many other aspects of our environment both unhealthy and bad-smelling. Colloidal silver, as a powerful antibiotic ... that silver is a powerful germ fighter. Medicinal silver compounds were then developed and silver became commonly used as a ...
i also add a couple of drops of peppermint in the tablespoon to kill the germs and open the sinuss too. sesame did not get any ... I highly recommend oil pulling as Ive also noticed that even the back of my teeth have gotten whiter and the teeth cleaning at ... I kept oil pullling up because I love the way my teeth are whiter, my mouth feels like I just went to the dentist, and that my ... It says to take 12 drops 3X a day for adults. I took the 2nd dose and I feel 90-95% better already even with the pollen count ...
1.Drop one tablet into enough very warm water to cover denture or removable oral care device. 2.Place denture or device into ... of the germs that cause denture odor; reduce plaque buildup and remove food particles that can cause gum irritation; dissolve ... tough stains overnight in hard-to-reach places, even in between teeth. Works on dentures, partials and retainers. ...
Apply 2 drops of gel to each side of the pets mouth. Apply directly to the teeth with plaque buildup. Use once daily. Youll ... Kills the germs that cause bad breath, plaque and gingivitis. Soothes minor gum irritations. For clean teeth and up close ... Apply 2 drops of gel to each side of the pets mouth. Apply directly to the teeth with plaque buildup. Use once daily. Youll ... Kills the germs that cause bad breath, plaque and gingivitis. Soothes minor gum irritations. For clean teeth and up close ...
Tooth Germ: (noun) A primitive cell in the embryo that is the precursor to a tooth. ... Images attributed to A Tooth Germ, Flickr or stated otherwise. Simple theme. Powered by Blogger. ... Molar tooth with large, splayed roots close to antral floor. There is thought to be a 10% incidence of OAC in upper molars, ... My heart used to sink whenever this type of patient presented to me, as I knew getting that tooth out would be difficult. But ...
Thyme oil kills germs in the mouth and serves as a dental varnish. Try adding 10-20 drops of thyme oil to my Homemade ... It effectively kills germs and infections in the mouth and protects the teeth from plaque and decay. Thymol also kills fungi ... Thyme oil is known to stimulate hair growth, and it washes away germs and bacteria that may build up on the scalp. Add 10 drops ... 4. Promotes Teeth Health. Thyme oil is known to treat oral problems like tooth decay, gingivitis, plaque and bad breath. With ...
  • If you'd like, add a few drops of peppermint or wintergreen oil to the concoction - or mix the home "brew" half-and-half with a commercial tooth powder - to give the dentifrice a more pleasant flavor. (greenecoservices.com)
  • 3.) To each half cup of homemade powder (above), add 3 teaspoons of glycerin, 10-20 drops of flavoring (peppermint, wintergreen, anise, cinnamon or whatever) and 1 drop of food coloring. (greenecoservices.com)
  • Snowfall pearly whites whitening discount coupon, powder snow white pearly whites whitening package, snowfall pearly whites whitening reddit, snowfall white colored pearly whites whitening customer reviews, powder snow pearly whites whitening body evaluates, all in one snowfall teeth whitening reviews listed here. (lovallo.org)
  • If you have ever before experienced ache in your teeth, sensitiveness or have interacted in extreme usage of coffee or even cigarettes, Powder snow White Teeth Whitening is actually not the resource for you. (lovallo.org)
  • I presume using this Powder snow Whitening Customer review all of us recognize the response to While Snow White Pearly Whites Whitening Set performs function for a portion of the consumers, why rubbish cash on this when there are actually much better teeth whitening packages out certainly there. (lovallo.org)
  • Powder snow pearly whites whitening coupon, snowfall white colored teeth whitening kit, powder snow teeth whitening reddit, snowfall white teeth whitening assessments, powder snow pearly whites whitening unit reviews, done in one snow pearly whites whitening testimonials. (lovallo.org)
  • Mix camphor powder in cloves oil and apply it on the tooth, it ends toothache. (jkhealthworld.com)
  • Its antiseptic properties prevent the spread of germs and used in an oil burner, it can be inhaled to protect people from flu and fever, while easing sleep and bronchial conditions. (healthysoul.co.uk)
  • By taking good care of your pet's teeth, you can enhance your pet's overall health so you can enjoy each other longer! (vcahospitals.com)
  • If you do not contain receding gums, the roots of teeth may become exposed and painful, making your teeth extremely sensitive. (amoils.com)
  • I had a painful tooth that was throbbing last year. (earthclinic.com)
  • Submersing the patient in waterfalls, pummeling him with painful blasts of water, dropping him or her into a deep tub of cold water ("Bath of Surprise"), near drowning in the "Chinese Temple," and the use of swinging chairs were considered effective "medical" treatments. (westonaprice.org)
  • As Mary Roach , author of Gulp (a book about your digestive system) points out, we carry a powerful germ-killer right in our mouths . (sheknows.com)
  • For small children, convenient pre-strung floss picks can make it easier to reach between teeth in little mouths. (wellesleydentalgroup.com)
  • When it comes to lower wisdom tooth impactions, mesio-angular impactions tend to look more difficult radiographically (on DPT s), and disto-angular impactions look easier than they turn out to be! (atoothgerm.co.uk)
  • I have a partially erupted wisdom tooth, so a few days ago I developed pericoronitis from it. (earthclinic.com)
  • Wisdom teeth usually appear between the ages of 17 and 25, sometimes even later in life. (cuoihoi.info)
  • This can result in what is known as an impacted wisdom tooth, causing pain, swelling in the gums and irritation . (cuoihoi.info)
  • Wisdom tooth pain can occur suddenly without warning or develop gradually. (cuoihoi.info)
  • Here are the top 10 home remedies for wisdom tooth pain. (cuoihoi.info)
  • Soon your wisdom tooth pain will be gone. (cuoihoi.info)
  • Then again, in case you are not in relation to wisdom tooth removal, it includes hardly any risks and as soon as it's done successfully and with no complications, then there are not any health consequences left in its aftermath. (weebly.com)
  • Wisdom teeth removal is far simpler to execute on younger individuals. (weebly.com)
  • While health hazards are reduced when it has to do with wisdom tooth removal, it's well worth understanding a few of the drawbacks to getting the process. (weebly.com)
  • Some studies have demonstrated that the complication risk increases slightly when wisdom teeth removal is completed on the upper jaw, instead of the top jaw. (weebly.com)
  • Even though a lot of folks notice their wisdom teeth are coming in by viewing them look, a number of different individuals on know they're coming in due to infections and symptoms. (weebly.com)
  • In case the wisdom teeth aren't able to come in correctly than you could see that a section of the gums still drops across tooth. (weebly.com)
  • This is quite common among the teeth around the lower jaw and can be among the significant reasons why folks receive their wisdom teeth out. (weebly.com)
  • Besides this debilitating symptom, there are in fact a range of different reasons why you need to have your wisdom teeth out. (weebly.com)
  • In general, there are a few wisdom teeth which might not have to be pulled out however for the huge majority of us it's always a fantastic choice. (weebly.com)
  • I have to admit, it was hard for me to resist adding even more ingredients (coconut, ground espresso, and on and on), but I fought the urge, and stopped short after the chocolate chips, oh and the wheat germ. (101cookbooks.com)
  • If you can't find wheat germ, substitute an equal amount of flour. (101cookbooks.com)
  • Alternatively, asafetida fried in clarified butter can be put in the tooth cavity for instant relief. (top10homeremedies.com)
  • Actually, I simply stumbled upon expert point of view on whether the LED Illuminated Oral cavity Holder made use of through Snowfall White Teeth Whitening Kit is actually advantageous. (lovallo.org)
  • Also, hand sanitizer is good in a bind, but if you apply it several times a day (and don't work in a hospital), you might have bigger issues than germs. (wisebread.com)
  • Fight germs (a battle that seems especially necessary during cold and flu season) with a homemade aloe-infused hand sanitizer. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Salt mixed with pepper can be of great use when a tooth becomes extremely sensitive as both the ingredients have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. (top10homeremedies.com)
  • But if you're going to use cough drops, it's a great idea to avoid those that contain sugar, so check the label to make sure the ingredients don't include sugar, corn syrup, or fructose. (spiritdental.com)