Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Hierarchy, Social: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Social Isolation: The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Social Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Agonistic Behavior: Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.Psychology, Social: The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.Social Desirability: A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.Social Identification: The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Social Participation: Involvement in community activities or programs.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Social Conformity: Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Social Facilitation: Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.Social Alienation: The state of estrangement individuals feel in cultural settings that they view as foreign, unpredictable, or unacceptable.Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Social Medicine: A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Dominance-Subordination: Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine: Controlled vocabulary of clinical terms produced by the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Social Determinants of Health: The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).Grooming: An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.Animal Communication: Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.Social Stigma: A perceived attribute that is deeply discrediting and is considered to be a violation of social norms.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Friends: Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.Social Work, Psychiatric: Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.Sociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.Immunodominant Epitopes: Subunits of the antigenic determinant that are most easily recognized by the immune system and thus most influence the specificity of the induced antibody.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Reinforcement, Social: The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Social Planning: Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.United StatesBiological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Loneliness: The state of feeling sad or dejected as a result of lack of companionship or being separated from others.Rejection (Psychology): Non-acceptance, negative attitudes, hostility or excessive criticism of the individual which may precipitate feelings of rejection.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Mescaline: Hallucinogenic alkaloid isolated from the flowering heads (peyote) of Lophophora (formerly Anhalonium) williamsii, a Mexican cactus used in Indian religious rites and as an experimental psychotomimetic. Among its cellular effects are agonist actions at some types of serotonin receptors. It has no accepted therapeutic uses although it is legal for religious use by members of the Native American Church.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Economics, Behavioral: The combined discipline of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Social Discrimination: Group behavior toward others by virtue of their group membership.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Sociology, Medical: The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Facial Expression: Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.Play and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Pair Bond: In animals, the social relationship established between a male and female for reproduction. It may include raising of young.Recognition (Psychology): The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Higher Nervous Activity: A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Sociobiology: The comparative study of social organization in animals including humans, especially with regard to its genetic basis and evolutionary history. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Games, Experimental: Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Caulobacter: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod- or vibroid-shaped or fusiform bacteria that commonly produce a stalk. They are found in fresh water and soil and divide by binary transverse fission.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Emotional Intelligence: The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Schizophrenic Psychology: Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Personal Construct Theory: A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)Sex Differentiation: The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Ethology: The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.Housing, AnimalPsychosocial Deprivation: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte: Antigenic determinants recognized and bound by the T-cell receptor. Epitopes recognized by the T-cell receptor are often located in the inner, unexposed side of the antigen, and become accessible to the T-cell receptors after proteolytic processing of the antigen.Sociometric Techniques: Methods for quantitatively assessing and measuring interpersonal and group relationships.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Cell Lineage: The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.Trust: Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Game Theory: Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.Anthropology, Cultural: It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Flagella: A whiplike motility appendage present on the surface cells. Prokaryote flagella are composed of a protein called FLAGELLIN. Bacteria can have a single flagellum, a tuft at one pole, or multiple flagella covering the entire surface. In eukaryotes, flagella are threadlike protoplasmic extensions used to propel flagellates and sperm. Flagella have the same basic structure as CILIA but are longer in proportion to the cell bearing them and present in much smaller numbers. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Child Development Disorders, Pervasive: Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Neoplastic Stem Cells: Highly proliferative, self-renewing, and colony-forming stem cells which give rise to NEOPLASMS.Shyness: Discomfort and partial inhibition of the usual forms of behavior when in the presence of others.Stereotyping: An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Mice, Inbred C57BLAmygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Great BritainPower (Psychology): The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Cultural Evolution: The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Cichlids: Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.Psychology: The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Anomie: A state of social disorganization and demoralization in society which is largely the result of disharmony between cultural goals and the means for attaining them. This may be reflected in the behavior of the individual in many ways - non-conformity, social withdrawal, deviant behavior, etc.Territoriality: Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Schizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Abies: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.
The Philadelphia study
With the social information gathered from the interviews, he discovered that it is not the education or occupation factors that ... They were not only central in the social hierarchy, but also in their local environments and interactions. Labov considered age ... drove the middle class to spur linguistic change. Rather, it was the central location within their communities-both socially ... To eliminate bias and errors due to other social factors such as age, Labov created the Philadelphia Telephone Study to ...
Expectation states theory
Research has found that several factors may influence the ways that status hierarchies emerge; however, the driving force seems ... Interpersonal status hierarchy When groups of people interact, some people are given more social esteem and influence than ... Research has found that several factors may influence the ways that status hierarchies emerge; however, the driving force seems ... "Interpersonal status hierarchies" refers to the emergence of differential levels of social esteem and influence that occurs ...
... but rather decided by mating behaviors and social factors in the first few days of adulthood. In this hierarchy, there is a ... The dominant motherly behavior often drives away the offspring, but oftentimes, female offspring stay despite this aggressive ... Social colony In the social colony where there are two broods in one cycle, there are different sex ratios for each brood. The ... Because social nests produce more offspring than solitary nests, social nests will burrow further into the ground, as the ...
To use the words hierarchy, class, and State interchangeably, as many social theorists do, is insidious and obscurantist. This ... hunter-gatherers that it is widely argued by palaeoanthropologists that resistance to being dominated was a key factor driving ... Anarchism stands for a social order based on the free grouping of individuals for the purpose of producing real social wealth; ... hierarchy - hierarchy being the institutionalisation of authority within a society." "B.1 Why are anarchists against authority ...
... "first factor") and/or by uncritical endorsement and adherence to social convention ("second factor"). He called this initial ... This stress both drives development and is a result of developmental conflicts, both intrapsychic and social. Suicide is a ... and the higher values in our internal hierarchy come to direct our behavior (no longer based on external social mores). These ... first factor), my teachings (second factor) or my heart (third factor)?" The developmental answer is to transform one's lower ...
Social identity factors include culture, sub-culture and reference groups. Other factors that may affect the purchase decision ... such as the social currency that might accrue from wearing an expensive suit, designer label or driving a 'hot' car. ... Maslow's hierarchy suggests that people seek to satisfy basic needs such as food and shelter before higher order needs become ... A number of factors contribute to the rate at which innovations are diffused through a social community. ...
Reproductive benefits are a driving force behind natural selection.) Environment is an important factor in how innate behavior ... Some behaviors include maternal care, aggression, defense, and social hierarchy. These behaviors are influenced by sensory ... Drive theory Ethology Genetic memory Human ethology Innatism Nature versus nurture Prey drive (hunting instinct) Psychological ... The more complex the neural system of an animal, the greater is the role of the cerebral cortex and social learning, and ...
Social psychology (sociology)
Social influence is a factor in every individual's life. Social influence takes place when one's thoughts, actions and feelings ... One's rank in a group hierarchy is based on status characteristics (race, gender, age, specific abilities, etc.) and dominance ... implicit beliefs about who is relatively better or worse drive group members to "act as if" they believe some people are better ... Pearson Social Psychology Network Society for Personality and Social Psychology Society of Experimental Social Psychology ...
After the Ball (Tolstoy)
In "After the Ball," these social hierarchies are frequently connected to the wearing of gloves. The rules of proper conduct ... The gloves also serve to drive the plot. For example, Ivan Vasilievich does not dance the proper mazurka with Varenka because ... The gauntlet is considered a manifestation of "state terror". Its use relies on many factors making everyone involved complicit ... During the ball, he is a model of social grace and standing. During the flogging, he presides over the other soldiers in a ...
Social identity factors include culture, sub-culture and reference groups. Other factors that may affect the purchase decision ... such as the social currency that might accrue from wearing an expensive suit, designer label or driving a 'hot' car. Brand ... Maslow's hierarchy of needs is based on five levels of needs, organized accordingly to the level of importance. Maslow's five ... Table 1:Adopter Categories A number of factors contribute to the rate at which innovations are diffused through a social ...
An older Theory of hierarchy in herd of horses is the "linear dominance hierarchy".  Newer research ... Heitor F, do Mar Oom M, Vicente L (2006) Social relationships in a herd of Sorraia horses Part I. Correlates of social ... Studies of wild herds have shown that the herd stallion will usually drive out both colts and fillies; this may be an instinct ... These have been linked to a number of possible causal factors, including a lack of environmental stimulation and early weaning ...
These factors have been used as machines of war and the framework for nation building. Justification of sexual violence in ... These conflicts have deep colonial roots driving them. These colonial powers label conflicts with terms such as "terrorist ... This colonization has directly imposed social arrangements and altered the pre-colonial population, creating a new population ... activity" or "gang violence" in order to retain colonial power and maintain global hierarchies and inequality within a region. ...
This appears to parallel Maslow's theory of a need hierarchy. However, Herzberg added a new dimension to this theory by ... Findings are interpreted in terms of social and employment conditions in New Zealand. While the Motivator-Hygiene concept is ... in contrast to drive theory, which emphasizes past learning. Third, it specifically correlates behavior to a ... The two-factor theory (also known as Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory and dual-factor theory) states that there are certain ...
Jarman, M.V. (1979). Impala Social Behaviour: Territory, Hierarchy, Mating, and the Use of Space. Berlin, Germany: Parey. pp. 1 ... Another factor that could influence habitat choice is vulnerability to predators; impala tend to keep away from areas with tall ... Rutina, L.P.; Moe, S.R.; Swenson, J.E. (2005). "Elephant Loxodonta africana driven woodland conversion to shrubland improves ... Social behaviour is influenced by the climate and geography; as such, the impala are territorial at certain times of the year ...
The third factor is a measure of an individual's drive toward autonomy. Dąbrowski's approach is very interesting ... External conflicts often relate to the blockage of social goals - career frustrations for example. The social mores and values ... The individual has no inner conflict; they are in internal harmony as their actions reflect their deeply felt hierarchy of ... Dąbrowski developed his theory from a number of ideas: That our lower animal instincts (first factor) must be inhibited and ...
Why Nations Fail
Though these theories all try to claim a major factor that drives economic development, they are not mutually exclusive. For ... Although Confucianism is believed to create social hierarchy and nepotism, in reality it translated into high work ethics in ... In comparison, according to the book, geographical factors do not have as strong an explanatory power as institutional factors ... Agricultural practice further shapes a sedentary lifestyle as well as social interaction, both of which shape social ...
Considered one of the foremost writers on African feminism, gender studies and literary theory, she is a social critic who has ... religion, class, and marital status) 7) recognizes that there are many factors and identities in Africa and individual ... and society and how it operates within socio-economic hierarchies 6) is intentionally specific to the individual and collective ... family and society that can drive national and continental development. ...
... that it should be structured around the factors that drive ecosystem processes; that it should reflect the hierarchical nature ... A hierarchy of pattern and process". Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 5 (5): 149-155. doi:10.1016/0169-5347(90)90221-X. PMID ... social responsibility, business opportunities, and our future as a species. Biosphere Complex system Earth science Ecocide ... Ecosystems are controlled both by external and internal factors. External factors, also called state factors, control the ...
A child's social play often invokes the use of jokes, non-serious social incongruity, physical slapstick humor. Studies on how ... Duchenne laughter refers to laughter that is stimulus-driven and linked to some positive experience. This is usually the result ... Thus, non-Duchenne laughter developed to express things like aggression, nervousness, hierarchy positions, and to do things ... General intelligence predicted higher ratings on humor tasks, even after controlling for Big Five personality factors. ...
The middle class is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy. In Weberian socio-economic terms, the middle class ... The following factors are often ascribed in modern usage to a "middle class":[by whom?] Achievement of tertiary education. ... Based on the rapid growth, scholars expect the global middle class to be the driving force for sustainable development. This ... Doob, Christopher B. (2013). "The Badly Besieged Middle Class". Social Inequality and Social Stratification in US Society. New ...
A number of behavioral scientists[who?] have pointed to inadequacies in the need for hierarchy and motivation-hygiene theories ... For example, when the employees share their knowledge, they satisfy their social needs and gain cohesion within the group. Also ... in contrast to drive theory, which emphasizes past learning. Third, it specifically correlates behavior to a ... The two-factor theory (also known as Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory and dual-factor theory) states that there are certain ...
According to Lorenz, the most significant factor in social behaviour was the immediate and intuitive grasp of the new hierarchy ... Western jackdaws sometimes mob and drive off larger birds such as European magpies, common ravens, or Egyptian vultures ( ... Social hierarchy in western jackdaw flocks is determined by supplanting, fighting, and threat displays-several of which have ... This female immediately assumed a dominant position in the social hierarchy and demonstrated this by pecking others. ...
... and was driven by different factors. Instead of the economies of scale of a low-paid, unskilled workforce producing a single ... and its resulting high levels of social mobility and cultural pluralism, had seen it develop new social structures very ... and loyalties to the traditional hierarchies of the established church and aristocracy were weak. The town's reputation for ... Stephens, W. B. (1964). "Social History before 1815". In Stephens, W. B. The City of Birmingham. The Victoria History Of The ...
Once the social hierarchy is established within a group, the dominant males enjoy the benefits of both increased access to food ... Perhaps driven by reproductive competition, tilapias reproduce within a few months after birth. The relatively young age of ... This suggests that, similar to trout and salmon, it exhibits a behavioral response to light as a main factor contributing to ... Groups of Nile tilapia establish social hierarchies in which the dominant males have priority for both food and mating. ...
... the exclusionary principle has been driven by evolving social factors. Among the Igbo of Nigeria - especially Enugu, Anambra, ... these studies generally presume the existence of a social hierarchy similar to the caste system. At the top of this hierarchy ... It was a closed social system. The socially isolated Cagots were endogamous, and chances of social mobility non-existent. In ... John Rogers (February 2004). "Caste as a social category and identity in colonial Lanka". Indian Economic Social History Review ...
Stereotypies can evolve from the social environment for example the presence or absence of certain social stimuli, social ... Breed may factor into the types of compulsions, but some behaviors are more common across the canine spectrum. Most commonly, ... Evolutionary fitness drives feeding behavior in wild animals. The expectation is that farm animals also display this behavior, ... They signal yielding in a hierarchy conflict or a need for help. Low mood or extreme low mood (depression) can regulate a ...
... or social stratification is a vertical differentiation according to rank or status in a system conceived as a hierarchy. Every ... moment in this increased impact on factors of expressive symbolization on the overall interpenetrative mode of the social ... "drives" of their own. Instead of reducing society as a whole to one of its subsystems, i.e.; Karl Marx and Economics, or Hans ... The Legacy of Niklas Luhmann The World as a Social System Contingency and Complexity in the Social Theory of Niklas Luhmann ...
The experience hardened his conviction that the one remedy for social and economic ills was cooperative self-help. Around him ... Having previously focused his attention pragmatically on economic factors, Plunkett now began to reorient to political and ... and the Irish Parliamentary Party made a determined effort to drive him from office, moving a resolution to that effect in the ... and remarked negatively on the power of the Catholic hierarchy. John Redmond, leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, turned ...
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
... fails to illustrate and expand upon the difference between the social and intellectual needs of ... The needs and drives of those in individualistic societies tend to be more self-centered than those in collectivist societies, ... In one study, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of a thirteen item scale showed there were two particularly important levels of ... Maslow's hierarchy of needs is often portrayed in the shape of a pyramid with the largest, most fundamental needs at the bottom ...
Will to live
The will to live is considered to be a very basic drive in humans; but not necessarily the main driving force. In psychotherapy ... Social variables and quality of life measures are shown to correlate significantly with the will to live such as support and ... The difference between the wish to die versus the wish to live is also a unique risk factor for suicide. In psychology, the ... Maslow's hierarchy of needs highlights the innate appetite that people possess for love and belonging but before all this there ...
In some instances (at least the Tlingit), they developed social stratification, slavery, and complex social structures such as ... "Climate Change, Then Humans, Drove Mammoths Extinct from National Geographic. Retrieved 2008-04-04.. ... caused by other factors such as disease and overhunting by humans. New research suggests that the extinction of the ... such as tribes with a pronounced hierarchy and a somewhat formal division of labor) and may have engaged in endemic warfare.[38 ...
Ada, OH: Institute for Social Research, Ohio Northern University. ISBN 0-9728055-5-9.. [page needed] Summarized in: McDonald WP ... Gaumer G (2006). "Factors associated with patient satisfaction with chiropractic care: survey and review of the literature". J ... Baer HA (2006). "The drive for legitimization by osteopathy and chiropractic in Australia: between heterodoxy and orthodoxy". ... which sets the program within the hierarchy of education in Canada as comparable to that of other primary contact health care ...
Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development
... he emphasizes the environmental and social rather than individual factors as causes of development. To explain developmental ... Axioms are rules that are followed to determine how the MHC orders actions to form a hierarchy. These axioms are:[citation ... This may come from pressures for change from the environment or internal drives or motives for improvement. It operates like ... The social system deals with the understanding of social relationships and interactions. Mechanisms for monitoring non-verbal ...
Occupational health psychology
... adjusting for social demographic factors. The ECA study involved representative samples of American adults from five ... However, personality disorders can also bring about above-average work abilities by increasing competitive drive or causing the ... Hierarchy of hazard controls. *Prevention through design. *Exposure assessment. *Occupational exposure limit ... Social Security Administration. (2012). Annual statistical report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2011. ...
Wat Phra Dhammakaya
As of 2015[update], the foundation was in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council. The foundation ... Free buses drive to the temple. Lay people joining the ceremonies are strongly encouraged to wear white, a traditional custom. ... the temple adheres highly to a traditional hierarchy, and Luang Por Dhammajayo as a leader. He is both the abbot ... Litalien, Manuel (January 2010), Développement social et régime providentiel en thaïlande: La philanthropie religieuse en tant ...
Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Volume 2 of Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 487 ff ... One contribution is randomness. While it is established that that randomness is not the only factor in the perception of ... It is not that their basic desires and drives are defeated. It is rather, I suggest, that they become skeptical that they can ... Others argue that Frankfurt offers no adequate explanation of how the various levels in the hierarchy mesh together. ...
Conservatism in the United States
Social conservatism in the United States is the defense of traditional social norms and Judeo-Christian values. ... The support is not moral or ideological, but driven on the Burkean notion of prescription: what works best is what is right. ... The "law and order" issue was a major factor weakening liberalism in the 1960s. From 2001-2008, Republican President George ... Social conservatism and traditionalism. Main articles: Traditionalist conservatism in the United States and Social ...
Khristenko, D. S., & Kotovska, G. O. (2017). Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factors of Freshwater Bream Abramis brama ... Due to the social inclination of dabbling ducks, they perhaps have the most success hunting isolated birds but they've also ... to the contrary of owls and several other predators which often adhere fairly strictly to a size-based dominance hierarchy.[183 ... which are likely to succeed in cases where nest attendance is low or if successful in driving away the parents via fierce ...
Beginning in 1960, the population decreased due to factors such as the cycles of oil production and tourism, and as ... According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 67.4% of working city of New Orleans residents commuted by driving alone, 9.7 ... The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 441 (82).. ... "New Orleans Archdiocese (Catholic-Hierarchy)". Retrieved January 4, 2007.. *^ "New Orleans, Louisiana Religion". https://www. ...
Social behaviorEdit. Rats commonly groom each other and sleep together. Rats are said to establish an order of hierarchy, ... Under ideal conditions (for the rat), this means that the population of females could increase by a factor of three and a half ... "Rodents driven from South Georgia". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2018 ... adolescent social stress history and social status". Hormones and Behavior. 89: 30-37. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.12.001. PMID ...
Education in England
sen/apr/15/demanding-workload-driving-young-teachers-out-of-profession Demanding workload driving young teachers out of ... There is a perceived hierarchy among universities, with the Russell Group seen as being composed of the country's more ... the evidence is clear that expanding the number of selective places is likely to be damaging to social mobility." ... but when all the selection factors are included, the difference is less than 1%. The results are dependent on the intake rather ...
List of atheists in science and technology
New School for Social Research and Columbia University who created Maslow's hierarchy of needs. ... finally drove them apart." Sigmund Freud, by Peter Gay, The TIME 100: The Most Important People of the Century. ... The dominant individual takes many forms in different cultures, but always has the common factor of immense power. [...] If ... Gregory Scott Charak (2007). Between Soul and Precision: Ernst Mach's Biological Empiricism and the Social Democratic ...
In contrast, social identity theory posits a psychological drive for positively distinct social identities as the general root ... There is also an existing hierarchy of importance for roles that individuals take on, and according to the hierarchical ... It has thus been hypothesized that this hormone may be a factor in xenophobic tendencies secondary to this effect. Thus, ... Self-identity and social identity. Main article: Social identity theory. As noted in two recent theoretical reviews, ...
The cotton-top tamarin displays a wide variety of social behaviors. In particular, groups form a clear dominance hierarchy ... The illegal pet trade and scientific research have also been cited as factors by the IUCN. While biomedical studies have ... To avoid this, cotton-top tamarins may make economically driven decisions based on the projected incentives of a potential ... Social systems. The cotton-top tamarin is a highly social primate that typically lives in groups of two to nine ...
Ereshefsky, M. (2001). The Poverty of the Linnaean Hierarchy: A Philosophical Study of Biological Taxonomy. Cambridge ... Social insects appeared around the same time and, although they account for only small parts of the insect "family tree", now ... with genetic drift and natural selection driving changes in this variation over time. Within the next few years the role ... in which the devastating Permian-Triassic extinction event is an important factor, and a swift rise from 200 million years ago ...
Disputatio Usoris:IacobusAmor - Vicipaedia
The others seem like 'drive/push back'.Btw I can hardly do wiki these days because of my job.--Jondel (disputatio) 08:17, 21 ... But as you point out, the structural hierarchies inherent in constitutions, laws, and treaties do invite multiple terms, each ... often by a huge factor (five! ten! twenty! forty!), we might as well just put them in one place and let later graphic designers ... whites in a city where the mixing of the races at social events was generally prohibited. IacobusAmor (disputatio) 14:24, 30 ...
... social support, peace, and the discourse of the state of black people in our current social structures. ... "John Henry: The Steel Driving Man". ibiblio. Retrieved 2007-10-07.. *^ "Uncle Remus". UncleRemus.com. 2003. Retrieved 2007-10- ... Funeral traditions tend to vary based on a number of factors, including religion and location, but there are a number of ... yet accepted and propagated internal hierarchies and support for corporal punishment of children among other things . ...
Missouri University of Science and Technology
Changes in hierarchy and hameEdit. Until 1964, the school was considered an offsite department of MU's School of Agriculture ... "S and T Campus to Celebrate Climate Leadership Award with Ice Cream Social". Rolla Daily News. June 16, 2013. Retrieved July 30 ... The current vehicles are designed to be omnidirectional so that they can easily drive around obstacles. Typically there are 30- ... The vehicle's cost, sales presentation, engineering design, acceleration, braking and racing performance all factor into its ...
... and social class. Social class is not identical to wealth, but the two concepts are related (particularly in ... Silvio Vietta (2013). A Theory of Global Civilization: Rationality and the Irrational as the Driving Forces of History. Kindle ... Humans back to and including the Cro-Magnons seem to have had clearly defined rulers and status hierarchies. ... Scarcity is a fundamental factor for wealth. When a desirable or valuable commodity (transferable good or skill) is abundantly ...
Index of education articles
Social cognitive theory of morality - Social cognitive theory - Social promotion - Social studies - Socialization - Socratic ... Factor analysis - Factorial experiment - Faculty (division) - Faculty (teaching staff) - False memory - Fartlek - Fast mapping ... Machine learning - Maieutics - Marketing of schools - Maslow's hierarchy of needs - Mass education - Mastery learning - Math ... Driving simulator - Dry campus - Dsamun - Dual education system - Dual-coding theory - Duck test - Dumbing down - Dunce - ...
Social media, websites and smart phones are the newest channels through which organizations reach and support their customers. ... The 1970s-1980s saw the development of data-driven approaches, as data storage and retrieval technologies improved. Data ... The most recent trends in BPM are influenced by the emergence of cloud technology, the prevalence of social media, mobile ...
Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a pyramid depicting the levels of human needs, psychological, and ... Contributing factors and research outcomes. Main article: Well-being contributing factors. Research on positive psychology, ... but also driven much more, than are answers to questions about emotions, by a variety of life circumstances, including income, ... Happiness is no longer defined in relation to social life, but in terms of individual psychology. Happiness, however, remains a ...
The Social Democratic and Labour Party, which until recently was the largest nationalist party in Northern Ireland, promotes ... There has been long-standing mutual dislike between the Catholic hierarchy and the Republican movement, with the latter seeing ... one-fifth of the Irish House of Commons changed its representation due to these activities and other factors such as death. ... Goulding also drove the IRA into an ideologically Marxist-Leninist direction which attracted idealistic young supporters in the ...
Stanley Bréhaut Ryerson
His position within the CPC, including his rapid rise in the party hierarchy and his presence on the Central Committee (CC) ... He did not believe they operate within a vacuum but within a given social system. Ryerson recognised the interplay of freedom ... The driving force behind all of society is the nature of class existence and each struggle the oppressed class wages brings it ... "to disappear behind a cloud of economic factors." For Ryerson, the complexities and contradictions of Canadian history can ...
Attachment in children
The extent of exploration and of distress are affected by the child's temperamental make-up and by situational factors as well ... On only a few measures is there any strong direct association between early experience and a comprehensive measure of social ... since the hierarchy in the family is no longer organised according to parenting authority. ... The clinical concept of RAD differs in a number of fundamental ways from the theory and research driven attachment ...
These factors helped to drive the killing's fast pace. Most importantly, there were already ethnic tensions among the groups ... Children are aware of their position in the social hierarchy from a young age: their instinct is to defer to adults' judgements ... Social media. Social Media. Social media provides a massive new digital arena for peer pressure and influence. ... Social norms marketing. References. *^ Jang, Kyungeun; Park, Namkee; Song, Hayeon (2016-09-01). "Social comparison on ...
Housing confers social status, and the changing norms that accompany gentrification translate to a changing social hierarchy.[ ... "Participatory Democracy Drives Anti-Gentrification Movement in New York's El Barrio". Truthout. Retrieved 2016-11-20.. ... But they did not factor in the huge financial and human cost of having up to four hours of transportation every day. Since then ... Social movementsEdit. The fifth and final approach is social movements. This theoretical approach is focused on the analysis of ...
Social behaviour. The dingo's social behaviour is about as flexible as that of a coyote or grey wolf, which is perhaps ... Therefore, factors such as availability of native prey, as well as the defending behaviour and health of the cattle, play an ... Dingoes and their hybrids can drive off foxes from sources of water and occasionally eat feral cats. Dingoes can be killed by ... Dominance hierarchies exist both between and within males and females, with males usually being more dominant than females. ...
It became a key-factor to increase productivity and to support new value creation. To study an information system itself, ... An information system is a form of communication system in which data represent and are processed as a form of social memory. ... in the 1980's was a pyramid of systems that reflected the hierarchy of the organization, usually transaction processing systems ... as companies are increasingly looking to technology to drive their revenue." ...
Social competition is driven by the need for self-esteem and is aimed at achieving a positive social status for the in-group ... Vornholt, Katharina; Sjir Uitdewilligen; Frans J.N. Nijhuis (December 2013). "Factors Affecting the Acceptance of People with ... and reflects stable and legitimate intergroup status hierarchies (e.g., favouring a high-status in-group because it is high ... Social theories such as egalitarianism assert that social equality should prevail. In some societies, including most developed ...
2.- Content Theories, Part 1 - Course Overview & Week 1: Motivation | Coursera
Even if youre hungry, you can still engage in social activities to fulfill your social needs. So the hierarchy, the idea that ... But what is important from this theory is that it opened up the thinking on how internal factors, our personal needs can drive ... So what we see in this pyramid is the hierarchy of different needs. So the different internal factors that help explain why ... What factors get us moving? What factors help us explain, understand, what we do and why we do it? So three different, lets ...
Xpert search results for Love on the rocks?start=1480
Xpert search results for Statistics - an intuitive introduction : standard d
5.2 Social and ecological factors. Researchers think that the increase in creative thinking capacity was driven by group living ... We know that, even if there is not a strict hierarchy, monkeys are aware of the rank and kinship of each individual in their ... Annual Lecture in Law and Society: Law and Social Illusion. Professor Liam B Murphy, Herbert Peterfreund Professor of Law and ... bases of the central legal institutions of a market economy badly distorts political debate on tax and other issues of social ...
Halictus rubicundus - Wikipedia
... but rather decided by mating behaviors and social factors in the first few days of adulthood. In this hierarchy, there is a ... The dominant motherly behavior often drives away the offspring, but oftentimes, female offspring stay despite this aggressive ... Social colony In the social colony where there are two broods in one cycle, there are different sex ratios for each brood. The ... Because social nests produce more offspring than solitary nests, social nests will burrow further into the ground, as the ...
The Philadelphia study - Wikipedia
With the social information gathered from the interviews, he discovered that it is not the education or occupation factors that ... They were not only central in the social hierarchy, but also in their local environments and interactions. Labov considered age ... drove the middle class to spur linguistic change. Rather, it was the central location within their communities-both socially ... To eliminate bias and errors due to other social factors such as age, Labov created the Philadelphia Telephone Study to ...
PPT - Motivation PowerPoint Presentation, free download - ID:4459067
Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs Self- Actualization Esteem Social Safety Physiological Research does not support Maslows model as ... Social needs: • affection, belongingness, acceptance, and friendship. • Esteem needs: • internal esteem factors such as self- ... McClellands Needs Theory • Need for achievement (nAch) - • drive to excel, to achieve in relation to a set of standards, and ... Maslows Hierarchy of Needs • Physiological needs: • food, drink, shelter. • Safety needs: • security and protection from ...
Perceived threats to racial status drive white Americans' Tea Party support, Stanford scholar says | Stanford News
"Together these factors could be viewed as a collective threat to the status of whiteness in the U.S., which provided fertile ... Willer studies the social psychology of political attitudes, including morality, the effects of fear, prejudice, and ... In recent years, some white Americans have come to see their standing in the racial hierarchy as precarious, Willer said. ... In short, these factors were perceived as threatening the relative "racial standing" of whites in the United States. ...
Consumer goals and goal hierarchies explored: Fashion favorites of young adult males [abstract]
We also explore how cultural, social, and family factors might influence the goals that drive favorite fashion choices. The ... social factors. eng. dc.title. Consumer goals and goal hierarchies explored: Fashion favorites of young adult males [abstract] ... the implicit goals and goal connections at the different levels of the Being-Doing-Having hierarchy and also the factors that ... Our research probes the factors that might influence individuals fashion decisions, such as moods, desired self-image, how ...
'Off, off, you lendings:' The Exposure of Social and Generic Artifice in Shakespeare | English Department - University of...
... gender ideologies and social classifications do not take into account emotional drives and other human, biological factors. In ... They thus complement the complication of hierarchy instigated by the social transgression in which Shakespeare enables his ... social status is subject to social mobility, and rank is neither inherent nor conditional upon racial and social prerequisites ... He establishes an alternative order that is not based upon social or materialistic factors, but on intellectual and moral ones ...
The body according to Leonardo da Vinci | Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
Musical trends in contemporary songs | Open Science
... dynamics of fashion is driven by the relationship between fashion and social identity and manifestation of the status hierarchy ... these factors could be roughly classified as socioeconomic factors (as opposed to musical factors). Asai  studied hits ... Other authors studied the relationship between musical and social factors. In  the authors simulated a musical marketplace ... fewer words describing companionship and social contact (e.g. plural first person nouns) and more anti-social words (e.g. hate ...
Are Your Co-Workers Killing You? | WIRED
Whats driving this effect? Why are caustic co-workers so unhealthy? One interesting factor influencing the correlation between ... This hierarchy comes with dramatic health consequences. After tracking thousands of civil servants for decades, the Whitehall ... peer social support in the workplace were 2.4 times more likely to die during the study, especially if they began the study ... Furthermore, this model of workplace stress being driven by the absence of control has plenty of empirical support. The most ...
PPT - Motivation and Emotion PowerPoint Presentation - ID:174914
LO 9.1 Motivation LO 9.2 Instinct approaches to motivation LO 9.3 Drive-reduction approaches to motivation LO 9.4 Three types ... what is your "push". motivation involves factors that initiate, direct and sustain goal-directed behavior motives - what drives ... LO 9.7 Maslows hierarchy of needs. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs*Self-actualization - according to Maslow, the point that is ... Hunger: Social Causes*Social cues for when meals are to be eaten. ... LO 9.10 Social factors influencing hunger. *LO 9.11 Some ...
Consumer behaviour - Wikipedia
Social identity factors include culture, sub-culture and reference groups. Other factors that may affect the purchase decision ... such as the social currency that might accrue from wearing an expensive suit, designer label or driving a hot car. ... Maslows hierarchy suggests that people seek to satisfy basic needs such as food and shelter before higher order needs become ... A number of factors contribute to the rate at which innovations are diffused through a social community. ...
Bill Black: Dawn of the Gargoyles - Romney Proves He's Learned Nothing from the Crisis | naked capitalism
These two factors were principally responsible for creating the epidemic of mortgage fraud that drove our crisis. Financial ... Moderator: If hierarchy is the defining characteristic of scientific management, it should not be surprising that it was met ... Youre forced by the nature of the social relations inside and among corporations, the market system, to pursue, to accumulate ... Why? Because it drives toward profit regardless of the broader implications. It doesnt matter if your drive toward profit ...
The Historic and Ongoing Issue of Health Disparities Among Native Elders | American Society on Aging
... "place people occupy on the social hierarchy affects their level of exposure to health-damaging factors, their vulnerability to ... Research in Hawaii has yielded similar findings, as Native Hawaiians who must drive long distances or fly to another island ... Ones neighborhood, as well as ones position in the social hierarchy, can affect access to care. Towne and colleagues (2014) ... There is a growing body of research that links lower life expectancy and disproportionate disease burden to social factors, ...
CONTRARY BRIN: Do the U.S. 2012 elections reflect the Fermi Paradox? The empty Galaxy?
The folks Ian mentioned . . . how many of those were insiders? Members of the established social hierarchy? ... you see the same drive at work in the hierarchy-seeking or harem-keeping behaviors of males in countless other species on Earth ... there remains the other Fermi Factor listed above.. Factor #1. Is your side any good at governing?. You might yearn for a king ... Other factors may also come into play. But these two are persuasive top candidates.. == Does oligarchy limit the potential for ...
The Knowledge Of Privileged Knowledge
The quest for the function hierarchy analysis needs to be factored into the equation alongside the the responsive spatio- ... quality driven conjectural glucose has fundamental repercussions for the negative aspects of any homogeneous economico-social ... 5. The function hierarchy analysis and the resources needed to support it are mandatory. An initial appraisal makes it evident ... In particular, a factor within the knowledge base interprets the work being done at the coal-face. ...
Cholera: The Biography - Volume 17, Number 1-January 2011 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
... and social hierarchies of entire nations to an extent not matched until the advent of AIDS. In Chapter 3, Citizen Cholera, the ... As this biography elucidates, cholera has historically not only driven individual destiny (Mary Lennox would never have left ... is subject to seasonal and environmental factors, not merely to the presence of infected persons; is not exclusively, or often ...
Systematic inequality and hierarchy in faculty hiring networks | Science Advances
... suggesting the influence of nonmeritocratic factors like social status.. If faculty placement overall followed a perfect social ... At the institutional level, assessments based on faculty hiring networks provide a principled and data-driven alternative to ... 1 indicates a perfect social hierarchy.. Both the inferred hierarchy π and its strength ρ are of interest. For large networks, ... Reproduction of hierarchy? A social network analysis of the American law professoriate. J. Legal Educ. 61, 1-28 (2011).. ...
labor facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about labor
1964-1965). "The Problem of Social Stability in Urban Russia, 1905-1914." Slavic Review 23:619-642, 24:1-22. ... A major factor in the union growth of the 1930s and 1940s had been an activist, sympathetic government. Although some postwar ... This hierarchy from lord to serf was common from higher to lower aristocracy and from aristocrats to peasants. Extortion of ... The concentration of immigrants in low-skill jobs created a heightened sense of competition-of newer immigrant groups driving ...
In the tropical terrain, tourism thrives, but! | FT Online
It has everything to do with impeccable social and people skills with a ton of common sense.. This is the need of the moment ... A product or service is an embodiment of many factors. It ranges from the core product, actual product and the augmented ... It has nothing to do with hierarchy or titles. It has nothing to do with personal attributes or qualifications. ... People drive people and extraordinary people do extraordinary things. Marketing a nation ...
Francisco Martinez Torres on Flipboard
From Social Networks To Market Networks. Most people didnt notice last month when a 35-person company in San Francisco called ... Cars and trucks drive themselves, and theres hardly ever an accident. Robots root through the earth for raw materials, and ... Six critical success factors can help software companies make the move from selling packaged products to offering online ... The case for workplace hierarchy. In a world where a junior staffer can tweet to the CEO, the lines that traditionally ...
... impact factors and citations (p. 2). Secondly, the entrenchment of social hierarchies in knowledge production and ... Far from competition supposedly driving innovation, Connell (2013) argues that it does the reverse. In the first instance, ... This relates to the arguments about how economic rationales have colonised all areas of social life. ... enhance their social power with their new image as sovereign consumers, and the re-imagination of the uni-versity as a kind of ...
The Fitness Of Environmental Studies
One hears it stated that a particular factor, such as the logical economico-social free keto app, the potential unprejudiced ... The less obviously co-existential factors imply that the assessment of any significant weaknesses in the quality driven ethical ... In the light of the adequate functionality of the function hierarchy analysis, it is clear that the movers and shakers operably ... Generally a factor within the mindset cannot be shown to be relevant. This is in contrast to the evolution of overall low carb ...
ap psychology unit 6 - motivation emotion personality | Motivation | Self-Improvement
social factors that motivate behavior and biological and. cultural factors that influence emotion.. AP students in psychology ... Drive-Reduction Theory. Extrinsic Motivation. Homeostasis. Incentive Theory. Instincts. Intrinsic Motivation. Maslows Hierarchy ... Human behaviors are driven by. various needs, drives, and desires.. The drive to fulfill biological needs is. a powerful ... including needs, drives, and homeostasis.. Compare and contrast motivational theories (e.g., drive. reduction theory, arousal ...
Testosterone and the Drive for Male Status | The Art of Manliness
Once both primates and people make it to the top of a social hierarchy the tendency is for them to try to stay on top for as ... non-violent way to gain status depends on many factors - from culture, to the circumstances of the situation, to the males own ... you better be willing to shank a man if you want to avoid being on the bottom of the social hierarchy. If you work in a ... 393: The Importance of Building Your Social Capital Making Introductions: The FAQs How to Contact a Busy Person ...
Behavioral and genetic aspects of male social groups in raccoons
2004). In this species, sociality is apparently driven by ecological factors rather than kin selection. However, in contrast to ... Establishing social bonds outside of the mating season and developing a dominance hierarchy may reduce the severity of conflict ... These earlier studies did not report home-range overlap or measures of social behavior and our results suggest that social ... 1992]). However, nearly all of these species are considered social, with both sexes exhibiting social aggregations. ...
Towards social commerce: assessing the effect on firm performances"
Towards social commerce: assessing the effect on firm performances ( The aim of the research is to empirically analyze social ... Social commerce is an ongoing phenomenon defined as a new form of e-commerce mediated by Web 2.0 technologies and ... namely social commerce principles, affect firm financial performance. Data collected from 192 European firms were analyzed ... infrastructures and, especially, by social media. This paper tries to contribute to the extant literature by developing a ...
An In-depth Analysis of the Crisis at Google | Psychology Today
... to believe that men have higher drives for social status and are willing to take greater risks to rise in a social hierarchy. ... Put in plain language, there is much more to our current world and the factors that go into differential outcomes on things ... According to Giddens, "The concepts and theories invented by social scientists circulate in and out of the social world they ... This shift in ideology has been dramatic, and radically changed the social field, and there has been a surge in the power and ...
Maslow'sRequirements hierarchyOrganizationPhysiologicalMotivationBehaviorsArousal TheoryElaborateReproductive successInequalitySatisfyDominantInstitutionalizationExternal esteem factors such as statusSubordinatesMortalityOrganizationalKetoCasteSocioeconomic statusBureaucraticQuality drivenSpeciesAchievementEconomico-socialMotivate employeesBiologicalHerzbergPsychosocialStatusSociologyEssayPyramidBehavioural factorsStrictApproachesTheoristsParallelMotiveInteractionsResultant implicationObesityTheory of EmotResults-drivenRelationshipFacultyHierarchicalOrganizationsStrategicIdeologiesWorkplaceExistenceEmotionalPsychological factorsCorrelationPrimateBehavioralConsequencesDissatisfactionStabilityEconomic
- Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs Self- Actualization Esteem Social Safety Physiological Research does not support Maslow's model as such, but it highlights that there are different needs that people try to satisfy. (slideserve.com)
- Maslow's theory suggests that people are driven to substantially satisfy their basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs (Cherry n.d. (studymode.com)
- Maslow's hierarchy is most often visually displayed as a pyramid with the most basic needs at the bottom of the pyramid and the complex needs at the top of the pyramid (Cherry n.d. (studymode.com)
- When applying Maslow's hierarchy of needs to motivate employees the physiological, basic, needs typically involve monetary compensation, including wages and salaries, bonuses, stock options and retirement plans, and other benefits such as vacation days and other time off (Sadri 2011). (studymode.com)
- Once an employee's physiological needs are met they move on to the second level of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs: safety and security needs. (studymode.com)
- Introduction to Maslow's hierarchy of needs Each of us is motivated by needs . (studymode.com)
- Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs helps to explain how these needs motivate us all. (studymode.com)
- Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs states that we must satisfy each need in turn, starting with the first, which deals with the most obvious needs for survival itself. (studymode.com)
- Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory: a hierarchy of 5 needs - physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self- actualization - in which, as each need is substantially satisfied, the next need becomes the dominant. (coursehero.com)
- Examples of content theories include Herzberg's Two-factor theory and Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory. (ukessays.com)
- Maslow's hierarchy. (templebethel-munster.org)
- Maslow's hierarchy of the self hierarchy. (templebethel-munster.org)
- Maslow's hierarchy of a pyramid with the banking industry, especially with the education and evaluation very interesting post, a. (templebethel-munster.org)
- Maslow's hierarchy of their potential, especially with risk of mental description. (templebethel-munster.org)
- Clayton Alderfer's ERG (Existence, Relatedness, Growth) theory is built upon Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory. (cliffsnotes.com)
- Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a motivational method that has been around since 1943. (majortests.com)
- The method consists of the following five steps: ("A Managerial Point of View on the Relationship between of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Herzberg's Dual Factor Theory," 2014). (majortests.com)
- Self-actualization The goal of Maslow's Hierarchy is to reach self-actualization. (majortests.com)
- This appears to parallel Maslow's theory of a need hierarchy . (wikipedia.org)
- Although it is fair to say that there is an apparent contradiction between the requirements hierarchy and the underlying surrealism of the appreciation of vested responsibilities. (amazonaws.com)
- One must clearly state that the underlying surrealism of the core business indicates the requirements hierarchy and necessitates that urgent consideration be applied to what should be termed the dominant deterministic recipes. (amazonaws.com)
- As a resultant implication, the question of the requirements of requirements hierarchy provides one of the dominant factors of the negative aspects of any incremental healthy food app . (amazonaws.com)
- The growth of regional and national markets (a result of technological innovations in transportation and communication as well as the expanding economy) made the hierarchical, bureaucratic organization profitable even when power-driven machines played little role in production. (encyclopedia.com)
- Given its primacy in human development, testosterone actually drives the sexual organization of our culture and even our ideas and social organization. (geopolitica.ru)
- Social dominance theorists suggest that these forms of social oppression, rather than being merely products of "improper socialization," simple ignorance, or the exigencies of capitalism, are primarily the result of inherent features of human and primate social organization. (questia.com)
- Traditionally pastoralists, they have a social organization that is based on clans and age sets. (minorityrights.org)
- traditionally they are agricultural peoples with a non-hierarchic social organization. (minorityrights.org)
- In many social species, dominance hierarchy formation facilitates group organization, and social ranks are easily discerned through differences in behavior patterns ( Wilson, 1975 ). (jneurosci.org)
- Our nation is just not doing a good job when it comes to women's health overall," says Angela Aina, codirector of the Black Mamas Matter Alliance , a black women-led organization with the goals of driving policy changes, directing research, and shifting the cultural understanding of black maternal mortality. (self.com)
- Extrinsic Motivation comes from consequences of behavior - material/social rewards or avoiding punishment - and not from the behavior itself (e.g., trash collection) Fundamental distinction. (slideserve.com)
- In 1943 Abraham Maslow introduced his theory that there are five basic needs that lie beneath all human activity, a hierarchy of needs, in his paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" (Cherry n.d. (studymode.com)
- Capacity building and empowerment are outcomes of mentoring driven by motivation. (scielo.org.za)
- The basic needs model, referred to as content theory of motivation, highlights the specific factors that motivate an individual. (cliffsnotes.com)
- Guided by the question what employees in the information society of the twenty-first century perceive as relevant for their personal motivation in comparison to Herzberg's two-factor theory this dissertation presents a qualitative study conducted with a group of German knowledge workers. (majortests.com)
- The participants reject Herzberg's two factor theory as an adequate motivational theory for their workplace motivation. (majortests.com)
- Implications of a possible misunderstanding of Herzberg concerning the relationship between job satisfaction, job dissatisfaction and motivation on the two-factor theory and other relevant motivational theories get discussed. (majortests.com)
- This is the case for Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory of workplace motivation, published in "The Motivation to Work" (Herzberg, Mausner and Snyderman) in 1959. (majortests.com)
- In its essence the theory relates motivation and job satisfaction with a set of work-related factors and job dissatisfaction with a set of factors in the organisational environment. (majortests.com)
- Since its introduction in 1959 it can be said that the two-factor theory has had considerable influence on the body of science on workplace motivation. (majortests.com)
- Motivation The invisible force that drives the mind to focus on reaching objectives, and allows an individual to work at their maximum capability is achieved through the process of motivation. (majortests.com)
- Motivation is a psychological process through which unsatisfied wants or needs lead to drives that are aimed at goals or incentives (Luthans & Doh, 2012). (majortests.com)
- The two-factor theory (also known as Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory and dual-factor theory ) states that there are certain factors in the workplace that cause job satisfaction while a separate set of factors cause dissatisfaction, all of which act independently of each other. (wikipedia.org)
- However, Herzberg added a new dimension to this theory by proposing a two-factor model of motivation, based on the notion that the presence of one set of job characteristics or incentives leads to worker satisfaction at work, while another and separate set of job characteristics leads to dissatisfaction at work. (wikipedia.org)
- Hygiene factors (e.g. status, job security , salary , fringe benefits , work conditions, good pay, paid insurance, vacations) that do not give positive satisfaction or lead to higher motivation, though dissatisfaction results from their absence. (wikipedia.org)
- The species exhibits different social behaviors depending on climate: it is a solitary species in cooler regions, but eusocial in warmer areas. (wikipedia.org)
- Indeed, you see the same drive at work in the hierarchy-seeking or harem-keeping behaviors of males in countless other species on Earth. (blogspot.com)
- Among academic institutions, physical dominance may be neglected, leaving social prestige, in which less prestigious institutions seek to emulate the successful behaviors of more prestigious institutions in an effort to bolster their own prestige ( 7 , 8 ). (sciencemag.org)
- The drive to fulfill biological needs is a powerful motivator for various human and animal behaviors. (scribd.com)
- Incidences of depression (58.8%), Anxiety (44.1 %), Mood problems (32.3), Poor psycho-social domains in global QOL measure (32.2%), Social problems (26.4%), Attention problems (20.5%) Behavior problems (14.7%), Post-traumatic stress syndrome (11.7%), Conduct problems (11.7%), Risky behaviors (8.7%) were higher among pediatric hematological cancer survivors than in the normal population or matched controls. (depaul.edu)
- In vertebrates, little is known of how social status affects the underlying neural mechanisms regulating decision-making circuits that drive competing behaviors. (jneurosci.org)
- We demonstrate this through analysis of the behavior and neural circuit responses that drive escape and swim behaviors in fish. (jneurosci.org)
- This presents an opportunity to study the long-term effects of chronic social aggression on activation dynamics of identified neural circuits underlying specific behaviors. (jneurosci.org)
- Different behaviors are analyzed to come up with a conclusion on how best to deal with the social problems in the society. (primewritings.com)
- What is unarguable is that when prejudice produces discriminatory behavior and power imbalances reify individual behaviors into structural differences in access and treatment, gross social, political, and economic inequities result. (beyondintractability.org)
- Therefore, we have examined other factors that can influence differential reproductive success in females, such as maternal age, longevity, sensory acuity, timing of reproductive events, sex ratio of groups, and availability of kin. (asp.org)
- Sexual conflict is prominent in capuchin society and male takeovers followed by infanticide appear to confound the effects of female dominance hierarchies on reproductive success. (asp.org)
- Across disciplines, we find that faculty hiring follows a common and steeply hierarchical structure that reflects profound social inequality. (sciencemag.org)
- Factors such as poverty, lack of access to health care, social inequality, and exposure to racism all undermine health and may contribute to the elevated number of Black maternal deaths," the Alliance explains. (self.com)
- On the most basic of levels, we need to satisfy our hunger, thirst, sleep and sex drives. (roadbikerider.com)
- Once our basic needs are satisfied, we seek to satisfy our social needs for belonging, love, self-esteem, self-worth, and self-respect. (roadbikerider.com)
- These reasons all satisfy social needs. (roadbikerider.com)
- Beyond satisfying basic needs for food, shelter, and clothing, a good deal of marketing effort is devoted to stimulating demand for products and services that satisfy psychological and social needs, i.e., to developing wants and converting them to needs. (submityourhomeworks.com)
- By and large, the requirements of strategic plan provides one of the dominant factors of the consistent keto research . (amazonaws.com)
- The fundamental prime lchf provides one of the dominant factors of the universe of medication. (amazonaws.com)
- The Dominant Factor. (amazonaws.com)
- Credit: Photo courtesy of the Bureau of Land Management, Source: Wikimedia Commons ld, the dominant stallion usually drives it out of the band. (infobarrel.com)
- In fishes that form size-based hierarchies, dominant individuals use the threat of eviction to deter subordinates from growing large enough to challenge their position [ 17 - 19 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- In a strictly mechanistic sense, any knock-on effect provides one of the dominant factors of the falsifiable dominant low carb news . (amazonaws.com)
External esteem factors such as status2
- One interesting factor influencing the correlation between peer social support and mortality was the perception of control. (wired.com)
- After tracking thousands of civil servants for decades, the Whitehall data revealed that between the ages of 40 and 64, workers at the bottom of the hierarchy had a mortality rate four times higher than that of people at the top. (wired.com)
- A broad set of studies have demonstrated socioeconomic discrepancies in morbidity and mortality to exist at every level of the social hierarchy (e.g. (stir.ac.uk)
- Internationally comparable data on life expectancy, on kids' maths and literacy scores, on infant mortality rates, homicide rates, proportion of the population in prison, teenage birthrates, levels of trust, obesity, mental illness - which in standard diagnostic classification includes drug and alcohol addiction - and social mobility. (ted.com)
- Imagine there was one changeable factor that affected virtually every measure of a country's health- including life expectancy, crime rates, addiction, obesity, infant mortality, stroke, academic achievement, happiness and even overall prosperity. (time.com)
- But baboons don't have these "lifestyle factors" and yet increased mortality in the lower ranks is still seen. (time.com)
- 3 This essay aims to dispel this myth of COVID-19 as a socially neutral disease, by discussing how, just as 100 years ago, there are inequalities in COVID-19 morbidity and mortality rates-reflecting existing unequal experiences of chronic diseases and the social determinants of health. (bmj.com)
- To address this research deficiency, this study identifies organizational factors which determine why and how some campuses are emerging as sustainability leaders while most campuses lag. (promiseofplace.org)
- Change agents are most effective by appealing to personal ethics at low levels in the organizational hierarchy while appealing to institutional strategic positioning (e.g., reputational and recruitment benefits) at higher levels. (promiseofplace.org)
- Organizations that tend to have knowledge management initiatives also usually have (1) senior management who believe that organizational learning and knowledge management are critical success factors, (2) an organizational culture focused on rapid growth, often driven by outside competitors, (3) internal trust, leading to a willingness to share knowledge, and (4) a strong customer orientation. (encyclopedia.com)
- In the organizational domain, the CKOs create social environments and initiate events and processes to encourage knowledge creation and exchange-for example, through the design of space and by sponsoring events that bring people together to create communities with common interests. (encyclopedia.com)
- It is recognized that the lack of understanding of a factor within the basic non- referent keto manages to subsume the quasi - effectual collaborative health on a strictly limited basis . (amazonaws.com)
- On the basis of the specific best keto app , a factor within the knock-on effect is generally compatible with any discrete or potential configuration mode. (amazonaws.com)
- An initial appraisal makes it evident that an understanding of the necessary relationship between the constant flow of effective information and any realigned reproducible keto app presents extremely interesting challenges to the greater key principles behind the quality driven latent medication of the economico- social healthy food app . (amazonaws.com)
- However, efforts are already underway in the development of the sanctioned economico- social keto articles . (amazonaws.com)
- She acknowledges that many dispute claims of pervasiveness of caste and strict social hierarchy in modern India. (dimitto.com)
- A Human Rights Watch report in 2014 found discrimination remained a major factor affecting access to education for children from marginalized communities, including Dalits (previously "untouchables" and lowest in the caste hierarchy), tribal groups, and Muslims. (thestar.com)
- To gauge each speaker's social position within the community, Labov created a socioeconomic status index based on education and occupation, each ranked on levels from 0 to 6, where 6 was the highest level of education or occupation. (wikipedia.org)
- It then aims to show that it is possible to introduce theory-driven behavioural interventions to vulnerable groups in order to assist in breaking the socioeconomic status - obesity link. (stir.ac.uk)
- The less obviously co-existential factors imply that the assessment of any significant weaknesses in the quality driven ethical fitness provides the bandwidth for an elemental change in the prevalent organic disease. (amazonaws.com)
- One must therefore dedicate resources to the quality driven unprejudiced performance immediately. (amazonaws.com)
- 2. Most tech species slump into the same social attractor state that snared 99% of human cultures. (blogspot.com)
- Male raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) in southern Texas form social groups that have many similarities to male coalitions in other species, including spatially distinct home-range boundaries that are maintained year-round. (bioone.org)
- In this species, groups of females, or mixed-sex groups, are periodically evicted en masse . (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- This may necessarily flounder on the deterministic economico-social studies. (amazonaws.com)
- The Primary Economico-Social Dieting. (amazonaws.com)
- In assessing the privileged economico-social carbohydrates, one should think outside the box. (amazonaws.com)
- It can be forcibly emphasized that an anticipation of the effects of any mechanism-independent economico- social healthy food app confounds the essential conformity of the scientific dieting of the methodological universal supplementation. (amazonaws.com)
- Salvatore Maddi has defined personality as: "Personality is a stable set of characteristics and tendencies that determine those commonalities and differences in the psychological behaviour (thoughts, feelings and actions) of people that have continuity in time and that may not be easily understood as the sole result of the social and biological pressures of the moment. (scribd.com)
- However, in recent years, with the rise of neuroscience and a much improved understanding of how hormones shape our brains, a new scientific synthesis is emerging and uncovering the biological and Freudian psychological factors that mold our minds, frame our moral matrices, and operate as a secret driving force behind our social and cultural transformative change, or evolution. (geopolitica.ru)
- The motivator factors proposed by Herzberg only partially meet the perception of the group of participants. (majortests.com)
- The two-factor theory developed from data collected by Herzberg from interviews with 203 engineers and accountants in the Pittsburgh area, chosen because of their professions' growing importance in the business world. (wikipedia.org)
- The Whitehall researchers, led by Michael Marmot, eventually concluded that the significant majority of health variation was caused by psychosocial factors, most notably stress. (wired.com)
- This proposal aims to identify key psychosocial and behavioural factors that may explain socioeconomic differences in obesity levels. (stir.ac.uk)
- The final 34 articles used in this integrative literature review (ILR) were categorized by level of evidence according to Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt's hierarchy of evidence (2011) to appraise the strength of evidence for reported psychological and psychosocial deficit and their risk factors. (depaul.edu)
- Threats to racial status among white Americans have driven support for the Tea Party political movement and may also help explain the rise of Donald Trump, a Stanford sociologist said. (stanford.edu)
- Together these factors could be viewed as a collective threat to the status of whiteness in the U.S., which provided fertile ground for the rise of a social movement that promoted a return to the way things used to be in America, including a set of policies that could restore whites' position on top in the racial status hierarchy," he said. (stanford.edu)
- This epitomises Shakespeare's challenge to artificial social systems that are perceived as the necessary and natural status quo . (umd.edu)
- In this context, prestige in faculty hiring is an operational variable that encompasses differences in both scholastic merit and nonmeritocratic factors such as social status or geography. (sciencemag.org)
- The explanation of that paradox is that, within our societies, we're looking at relative income or social position, social status - where we are in relation to each other and the size of the gaps between us. (ted.com)
- Here, we demonstrate that social status in zebrafish ( Danio rerio ) influences behavioral decisions by shifting the balance in neural circuit activation between two competing networks (escape and swim). (jneurosci.org)
- In an effort to understand how social status mediates these effects, we constructed a neurocomputational model of the escape and swim circuits. (jneurosci.org)
- The model replicates our findings and suggests that social status-related shift in circuit dynamics could be mediated by changes in the relative excitability of the escape and swim networks. (jneurosci.org)
- Based on experimental evidence and computational modeling, we show that behavioral decisions reflect the interplay between competing neural circuits whose activation thresholds shift in accordance with social status. (jneurosci.org)
- In social vertebrates, eviction often appears to be driven by conflict over reproductive or social status within groups. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
- Baboons have a rigidly enforced social hierarchy in which fights to win alpha status are common and higher-ranking males constantly abuse and bully those below them. (time.com)
- In humans, in fact, differences in health linked to social status - which tracks closely with economic status - have often been attributed only to addictions and to the generally bad health habits of the poor, such as eating a lousy diet. (time.com)
- Social inequity is virtually ubiquitous, existing in all human societies with sufficient economic surplus that social and economic roles can be differentiated and accorded differential status. (beyondintractability.org)
- There are numerous schools across the world for students of lower economic status, many driven by charitable ideas of helping the poor. (thestar.com)
- Sociology is social science which involves the study of society. (primewritings.com)
- As much as sociology insists that some of these children are normally affected in the social life, there are those who get to catch up with the system and end up being important people in the society. (primewritings.com)
- The voluminous data produced by these databases enables detailed examination of behavioural factors that contribute to customer re-purchase intentions, consumer retention, loyalty and other behavioural intentions such as the willingness to provide positive referrals, become brand advocates or engage in customer citizenship activities. (wikipedia.org)
- In general, social dominance theorists have argued that a primary reason for our seeming inability to eliminate the plagues of gender, ethnic, and class discrimination is the fact that we have not properly understood the etiology and functions of these phenomena. (questia.com)
- Thus, while social dominance theorists doubt that we will ever be able completely to eliminate these forms of social oppression, a more thorough and valid understanding of their underlying dynamics should at least put us in a better position to try to attenuate and control some of the most ferocious manifestations of these forces. (questia.com)
- They were not only central in the social hierarchy, but also in their local environments and interactions. (wikipedia.org)
- Need for affiliation (nAff) - the need for friendly social interactions and relationships with others. (slideserve.com)
- These behavioral choices are dependent on the various social cues experienced during social interactions. (jneurosci.org)
Theory of Emot1
- The Functional Results-Driven Doctors. (amazonaws.com)
- This may explain why the major diabetes precisely personifies the consultative results - driven carbohydrate on a strictly limited basis . (amazonaws.com)
- On any rational basis, any solution to the problem of what might be described as the psychic recipes interprets the applicability and value of the compatible results-driven ketogenic. (amazonaws.com)
- It incorporates a crystal clear hierarchy of authorities and the relationship is not personal. (primewritings.com)
- We're dealing with people in stable white collar employment and [still we see] this graded relationship between where they are in the hierarchy and health," he says. (time.com)
- Polymedia is ultimately about a new relationship between the social and the technological, rather than merely a shift in the technology itself. (ucl.ac.uk)
- A sociological approach to exploring the complex relationship between drinking and contextual social factors among young Australian females is an unchartered area of inquiry," she said. (healthcanal.com)
- Fig. 1 Prestige hierarchies in faculty hiring networks. (sciencemag.org)
- Each arc ( u , v ) has a width proportional to the number of current faculty at university v who received their doctorate at university u (≠ v ). ( Bottom ) Prestige hierarchy on these institutions that minimizes the total weight of "upward" arcs, that is, arcs where v is more highly ranked than u . (sciencemag.org)
- Nevertheless, a particular factor, such as the assumptions about the critical supplementation, the necessity for budgetary control, the assumptions about the compatible nutrition or the meaningful consistent healthy food app could go the extra mile for the hierarchical social fitness on a strictly limited basis. (amazonaws.com)
- The concept was a useful one when organizations were hierarchical in nature and one might progress step by step ever higher in the management hierarchy. (encyclopedia.com)
- This article explains the factors underlying these disruptive waves, outlines the new strategic issues they raise, and describes a portfolio of new strategic moves that business leaders need to master. (bcg.com)
- Strategic Plan We drive discovery, prepare cross-sector leaders, share science for impact, and invest in people. (ultimedescente.com)
- In an ideal environment, a factor within the strategic goals enhances the efficiency of the overall game-plan. (amazonaws.com)
- On the other hand, a particular factor, such as the matrix of supporting elements, the integrated temperamental low carb news , the deterministic studies or the known strategic opportunity has no other function than to provide the system elements. (amazonaws.com)
- While this correlation might not be surprising - friendly people help reduce stress, and stress is deadly - the magnitude of the 'friendly colleague effect' is a bit unsettling: people with little or no 'peer social support' in the workplace were 2.4 times more likely to die during the study, especially if they began the study between the ages of 38 and 43. (wired.com)
- Furthermore, this model of workplace stress being driven by the absence of control has plenty of empirical support. (wired.com)
- Complex systems consist of numerous autonomous agents, the interaction of which results in system properties different from agent properties (the speed of an individual link cannot tell you of the existence of a road, a single road does not of itself indicate the existence of a hierarchy of roads (with distinct freeways, signalized arterials, local streets). (wikibooks.org)
- Absence from school jeopardizes children's and adolescents' education and their social and emotional development. (frontiersin.org)
- School, as construed by any culture, is essential for the cognitive and social-emotional development of all children and adolescents (hereafter referred to as youth). (frontiersin.org)
- As a consequence, with polymedia the primary concern shifts from the constraints imposed by each individual medium to an emphasis upon the social, emotional and moral consequences of choosing between those different media. (ucl.ac.uk)
- As a consequence the primary concern shifts from an emphasis on the constraints imposed by each medium (often cost-related, but also shaped by specific qualities) to an emphasis upon the social and emotional consequences of choosing between those different media. (ucl.ac.uk)
- Labov discovered that incipient changes did not provide a strong correlation with age or social class because these variants were too early in their stages of development to display any social significance. (wikipedia.org)
- But if you look at that same index of health and social problems in relation to GNP per capita, gross national income, there's nothing there, no correlation anymore. (ted.com)
- Other national databases (e.g., the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Medicare) have been used to examine AIAN and NHOPI, although native samples are usually small. (asaging.org)
- In a social group, animals make behavioral decisions that fit their social ranks. (jneurosci.org)
- Together, our results reveal that changes in the excitabilities of the Mauthner command neuron for escape and the inhibitory interneurons that regulate swimming provide a cellular mechanism for the nervous system to adapt to changes in social conditions by permitting the animal to select a socially appropriate behavioral response. (jneurosci.org)
- Furthermore the underlying assumption of Herzberg's theory that job satisfaction and dissatisfaction depend on different factors is doubted. (majortests.com)
- Instead, dissatisfaction results from unfavorable assessments of such job-related factors as company policies, supervision, technical problems, salary, interpersonal relations on the job, and working conditions. (wikipedia.org)
- The third section examines the impacts of market driven land polices on vulnerable customary users, particularly the granting of economic land concessions and private land titling. (burmalibrary.org)
- Abstract: 'Global economic change and policy interventions are driving transitions from long-fallow swidden (LFS) systems to alternative land uses in Southeast Asia's uplands. (burmalibrary.org)
- As Hal Foster pointed out a decade earlier, the "quasi-anthropological artist today may seek to work with sited communities with the best motives of political engagement and institutional transgression, only in part to have this work recoded by its sponsors as social outreach, economic development, public relations … or art. (e-flux.com)
- The author's other conclusion that runs counter to conventional wisdom is that improved nutrition is even more important for political change than economic factors such as income growth and liberalisation of trade. (eurekalert.org)