The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of humans.
Sexual activities of animals.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Innate response elicited by sensory stimuli associated with a threatening situation, or actual confrontation with an enemy.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.
Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Activities performed to obtain licit or illicit substances.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The interactions between parent and child.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Interaction between a mother and child.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Sounds used in animal communication.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The selection of one food over another.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Female parents, human or animal.
The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Educational institutions.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
The consumption of edible substances.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The act of killing oneself.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A practice whereby tokens representing money, toys, candy, etc., are given as secondary reinforcers contingent upon certain desired behaviors or performances.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An induced response to threatening stimuli characterized by complete loss of muscle strength.
Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

Descriptive analysis of eating regulation in obese and nonobese children. (1/537)

Bite rate, sip rate, and concurrent activities of six 7-yr-old children, three obese and three nonobese, were observed at lunchtime over a six-month period. A procedure for decreasing bite rate, putting eating utensils down between bites, was implemented in a multiple-baseline across-subjects design. Sip rates and concurrent activities were observed to assess behavioral covariations. In addition, bite rate and amount of food completed were computed over six food categories to analyze food preferences. Results indicated the control of bite rate acorss all subjects, with a significant reduction in amount of food consumed. Correlations between the response classes indicated they were at least partially independent. Differences in eating behavior of obese and nonobese subjects were observed for breadstuffs and milk drinking.  (+info)

Modification of behavioral and neural taste responses to NaCl in C57BL/6 mice: effects of NaCl exposure and DOCA treatment. (2/537)

To investigate the possible role of peripheral gustatory responsiveness to changes in NaCl acceptance, we studied NaCl consumption and the chorda tympani nerve responses to lingual application of NaCl in C57BL/6ByJ mice. The mice were treated with 300 mM NaCl (given to drink in 96-h two-bottle tests with water) or with injections of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA; 33 mg/kg daily). Naive mice were neutral to 75 mM NaCl, but mice previously exposed to 300 mM NaCl avoided 75 mM NaCl. The NaCl-exposed (300 mM for 4 days and 75 mM for 2 days) mice had enhanced amiloride-sensitive components of the chorda tympani responses to 10-30 mM NaCl applied at room temperature (24 degrees C). DOCA injections increased acceptance of 300 mM NaCl, but did not change the chorda tympani responses to 100-1000 mM NaCl. However, the DOCA-treated mice had enhanced amiloride-sensitive components of the chorda tympani responses to cold (12 degrees C) 10-30 mM NaCl. These data suggest that peripheral gustatory responsiveness possibly contributes to the NaCl aversion induced by exposure to concentrated NaCl, but not to the DOCA-induced increase of NaCl acceptance.  (+info)

The effects of diet on the esterification of glycerol phosphate, dihydroxyacetone phosphate and 2-hexadecylglycerol by homogenates of rat adipose tissue. (3/537)

1. Male rats were fed for 5 weeks after weaning on a diet containing (by weight) 59% of starch or on diets that contained 39% of starch and 20% of either sucrose, beef tallow or corn oil. 2. The rats fed on the beef tallow consumed more energy than did the rats fed on the starch and sucrose diets. The rats fed on the corn oil drank less water than did the other groups of rats. 3. There were no significant differences between the four groups in terms of body-weight gain, epididymal-fat-pad weight and in the size, number and triacylglycerol content of the adipocytes in the fat-pads. 4. There was a significant correlation (P less than 0.001) between the activities of glycerol phosphate acyltransferase and monoacylglycerol acyltransferase in individual rats. Both of these activities were highest in the group fed on the high-starch diet and both correlated with the consumption of glucose by individual rats in the four groups. 5. The percentage of glycerol phosphate converted into diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol was positively correlated with the mean diameters, surface area and triacylglycerol content of the adipocytes for individual rats and was greates in the sucrose-fed rats. 6. The specific activity of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase was highest in the rats fed on beef tallow. This activity was positively correlated with the energy intake for all dietary groups over the 5-week feeding period. 7. The results are discussed in terms of the functions of the three routes of glycerolipid synthesis in adipose tissue.  (+info)

Impact of social interactions in the community on the transmission of tuberculosis in a high incidence area. (4/537)

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is transmitted by close contact with an infectious person. It is assumed that close contact occurs amongst household members and that contact outside the house is "causal" and does not play a major role in the transmission of TB. METHODS: This study was conducted in an impoverished area with a high incidence of TB and a low HIV seropositive prevalence. Thirty three households with 84 TB patients were identified between February 1993 and April 1996 and the transmission of TB was studied by combining Mycobacterium tuberculosis fingerprinting with in depth sociological interviews. RESULTS: Forty two strain genotypes were identified in the 84 patients. In 15 households all the patients had identical strains, in nine households all the patients had different strains, and in nine households some patients had identical strains and one had a different strain. In 26 houses at least one patient had a strain which formed part of a larger community cluster and in 12 of these households the patient(s) had contact with a community member who had the identical strain. In 58% of the cases the contact took place while drinking in social groups. CONCLUSION: In high incidence areas contact outside the household may be important for the transmission of TB. This contact often takes place during recreation which, in the case of this study of impoverished people, consisted of drinking in social groups. Social interaction patterns should be studied and understood for effective implementation of control strategies.  (+info)

Genetics of mouse behavior: interactions with laboratory environment. (5/537)

Strains of mice that show characteristic patterns of behavior are critical for research in neurobehavioral genetics. Possible confounding influences of the laboratory environment were studied in several inbred strains and one null mutant by simultaneous testing in three laboratories on a battery of six behaviors. Apparatus, test protocols, and many environmental variables were rigorously equated. Strains differed markedly in all behaviors, and despite standardization, there were systematic differences in behavior across labs. For some tests, the magnitude of genetic differences depended upon the specific testing lab. Thus, experiments characterizing mutants may yield results that are idiosyncratic to a particular laboratory.  (+info)

Cardiovascular changes associated with dehydration and drinking in unrestrained, lactating goats. (6/537)

The aim of this study was to investigate if the alertness connected with seeing water increased arterial blood pressure and heart rate to the same extent as the act of drinking, and if ingestion of warm water caused a different effect compared with ingestion of cool water on these cardiovascular variables. Seven goats of the Swedish domestic breed (Capra hircus) were used in a cross-over design. The animals were dehydrated for 24 h. They were allowed to watch water being prepared for 11-16 min, after which they were given access to warm (35 degrees C) or cool (15 degrees C) water. The goats drank 6.86 +/- 0.36 l of the warm water and 4.54 +/- 0.35 l of the cool water (P < 0.05) within the first hour. The arterial blood pressure, heart rate and activity of the animals were registered by an implanted telemetric device. Dehydration did not affect the cardiovascular variables, except before feeding in the morning, when the heart rate accelerated faster in dehydrated goats. Heart rate increased abruptly when dehydrated goats saw water being prepared, remained at the increased level during drinking and then slowly declined. It increased again during the afternoon feeding, to a level similar to that on control days, but between 18.00 and 06.00 h the heart rate was higher than during control nights. Blood pressure did not change when the goats saw water, but increased when they drank. On the morning following rehydration, the rise in heart rate in response to feeding was delayed compared with that during control and dehydration periods. It is concluded that seeing water caused arousal in the goats, resulting in an accelerated heart rate. The additional rise in blood pressure during the act of drinking appears to be a combination of excitement and sensory inputs from the pharyngeal region, causing a temporary activation of the sympathetic nervous system.  (+info)

Congenital renal dysplasia and psychogenic polydipsia in a Bernese mountain dog. (7/537)

Congenital renal dysplasia was tentatively diagnosed, based on ultrasound and an intravenous urogram, in a 5-month-old female with polyuria and polydipsia. Creatinine clearance measurement revealed that the renal dysplasia was not the cause of the polyuria. A modified water deprivation test eliminated other differential diagnoses and confirmed psychogenic polydipsia.  (+info)

Influence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine on chronic mild stress-induced anhedonia in castrated rats. (8/537)

1. S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) is the most important methyl donor in the brain and is essential for polyamine synthesis. Methyl group deficiency in the brain has been implicated in depression; on the other hand, polyamines enhance phosphorylation processes, and phosphorylation of functional proteins in neurons in involved in the therapeutic mechanisms of antidepressants. 2. The effect of SAMe in an animal model of 'depression', the chronic mild stress-induced anhedonia, was studied using long-term castrated male and female Lister hooded rats. 3. Chronic daily exposure to an unpredictable sequence of mild stressors produced, within 3 weeks, a significant reduction of the consumption of a sucrose solution. SAMe (100, 200 or 300 mg kg-1 daily i.m.) while having no influence on sucrose intake in non-stressed animals, dose-dependently reinstated sucrose consumption within the first week of treatment, both in male and in female stressed rats. Imipramine (10 mg kg-1 daily i.p.) produced a similar effect after a 3 week treatment. 4. Similarly, a palatable food reward-induced place preference conditioning was developed in SAMe (200 or 300 mg kg-1 daily i.m.)--and in imipramine (10 mg kg-1 daily i.p.)--treated chronically stressed animals (males and females), whilst it could not be obtained in vehicle-treated rats. 5. Moreover, the same doses of SAMe (but not of imipramine) restored the exploratory activity and curiosity for the environment (rearing), in the open-field test. 6. While imipramine caused a blockade of the growth throughout the treatment, SAMe produced only a transient growth arrest during the first week of treatment. 7. These results show that SAMe reverses an experimental condition of 'depression-like' behaviour in rats, the effect being more rapid and complete than that of imipramine, and without apparent side effects.  (+info)

본 증례는 좌측 복부 통증으로 내원한 55세 남자로서, 배설성요로조영술상 좌측 상부요관협착으로 진단되어 6개월간 매달 double-J 스텐트를 교체해오던 환자였다. 환자는 비만과 당뇨, 고혈압, 심근경색의 병력으로 인해 마취 위험도가 높아 요관부목 교체 시마다 입원 치료가 필요하였다. 환자가 영구적 요관부목 설치에 동의하여 척추마취하에 Memokath 051 (Engineers & Doctors, Copenhagen, Denmark)를 유치하였다. 수술 전 검사에서 혈청 크레아티닌치가 1.7 mg/dL로 증가된 것 외에는 일반혈액검사, 생화학검사 및 소변검사결과는 정상 범주였다. 배설성요로조영술상 좌측 상부요관에 2 cm 이상의 협착이 보여 C-arm fluoroscopy로 협착의 위치를 확인하면서 Memokath를 성공적으로 유치하였다(Figs. 1, 2). 수술 후 3일째 환자는 갑작스런 좌측 복부 통증을 호소하였고, 다시 시행한 ...
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how to stop obsessive licking in dogs, how to stop ocd licking in dogs, how to stop excessive paw licking in dogs, how to stop my dogs obsessive licking
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Hi, When I scratch Lady in a particular spot near the base of her tail, she starts wagging her tail and licking the air. Im aware that repetitive lip licking can be a sign of submission, anxiety, and pain, but Im confused because neither she, nor my lab growing up, who did the same thing when scratched in the same spot, seem to be showing any of those signs. In fact, when I stop, Lady looks at me and then at her tail as if to say, hello? whyd you stop? Shes a submissive dog in
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Theres a key to cunnilingus that most guys or girls leave out of their practice. Too bad, because this technique leads to multiple orgasmic quivering… ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) in human ventricle increased gene expression of ANP in dilated cardiomyopathy. AU - Saito, Yoshihiko. AU - Nakao, Kazuwa. AU - Arai, Hiroshi. AU - Sugawara, Akira. AU - Morii, Narito. AU - Yamada, Takayuki. AU - Itoh, Hiroshi. AU - Shiono, Shozo. AU - Mukoyama, Masashi. AU - Obata, Kenji. AU - Yasue, Hirofumi. AU - Ohkubo, Hiroaki. AU - Nakanishi, Shigetada. AU - Imura, Hiroo. PY - 1987/10/14. Y1 - 1987/10/14. N2 - Tissue levels of atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) messenger RNA (ANPmRNA) and ANP in the human atrium and ventricle were measured simultaneously by the blot hybridization technique and the specific radioimmunoassay for ANP. Hearts were obtained from two patients without cardiac complications and from a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) at autopsy. Total RNA extracted from ventricles contained a hydridizing RNA band of the same size as atrial ANPmRNA in both control and DCM hearts. The ANPmRNA level in the control ...
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The methodologic strengths of the study by Shuster and colleagues are the randomized controlled trial design and the large number of patients from different areas of the United States. The weaknesses are related to the lack of details that may permit exploration of alternative explanations for the finding of an effect of the advice regarding soft drinks. Although not stated in the article, the physicians were blinded to allocation. The success of the blinding was dependent on the unblinded patients silence. The role of co-intervention is uncertain. Patients may have been given dietary advice regarding calcium, oxalate, flesh protein, vitamin D, and fluid consumption. Strauss and colleagues (1) reported that patients who formed stones and remained free of recurrence had a greater increase in urine volume than those who had recurrences. Treatment with thiazides and allopurinol are effective in decreasing the 3-year probability of recurrent stone disease from 55% in control groups to 15% to 25% in ...
Heavy-Duty Gripwell Back Plate is made of powder-coated steel and will securely fasten the bowl to round or square posts. For AU82-P-SF, AU82-C-SF high flow cattle bowls and MWB-M Mini-Bowl. Fits 1
When youre out and about at a dog park or on an outdoor adventure, its convenient to spot a communal water bowl available to hydrate your precious pup. However, communal water bowls come with some hidden risks. Your dog may be lapping up bacteria, viruses, or parasites when they quench their th...
Paper:Memokath 044 Stent for the Treatment of Recurrent Bulbar Urethral Strictures , Author:Magdy Ahmad Alsayed EL-Tabey , Year:2012 , Faculty of Medicine ,Department of UROLOGY ,Benha University
Wetnoz Zen Collection Medium Rose Pet Bowl and Water Bowl in Dog Supplies from Only Natural Pet Store: $31.99. Not only a wonderful design accent for your home; these bowls are also ergonomically...
silver (metal), More details This silver water bowl with a cover is adorned with the same kind of large floral motifs found on the Indian ebony cabinet (elsewhere in this gallery). The set was made in Batavia, where Indian craftsmen further developed the floral style. The bowl was likely used to serve cold water. ...
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The number one question that clients ask me is: if my dog/cat needs flower essences, how do I give it to him and make sure the other dogs/cats dont get it?. Dont worry! If you have one animal that needs essences, just put the drops in the water bowl. Its okay if the other animals drink from the same water. A flower essence will never have a negative effect, it just wont have any effect if the other animal does not need them. If another animal does resonate with one or more of the essences, thats okay as well. They will get what they need.. A fun thing to do is make two water bowls: one with the essences in it and one without the essences, so every animal has the choice to drink what feels best.. Read More ...
Higher coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of death, according to research presented today at ESC Congress.1 The observational study in nearly 20 000 participants suggests that coffee can be part of a healthy diet in healthy people.
Camera Angles Lick! How to play a blues lick over an A7 or A minor chord. This lick uses triplet, but you can just as well play it straight, with no triplet feel. Experiment with where you start the lick - i ...
If you purchased an e-collar, your pet should wear it at all times, especially when youre not looking. Put it over their head, small end first. The e-collar is adjustable, so please check the fit. You dont want it to be too tight, but you also dont want your pet to be able to push it off. Your pet will not like wearing it, but its for their own good. If they struggle with the collar at first, do not panic and take it off. Give them a chance to adjust. You can use your pets own collar to help keep it on. Also make sure they can get to their food and water bowl with it on. At least a week post-surgery, your pet will likely be ready to go without the e-collar. When it is first taken off, be sure to have time to spend with your pet to make sure he/she doesnt lick excessively or chew at the incision ...
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Im not certain this is a health issue, but as Brenda is a 15 year old cat and Im an overprotective mother Id appreciate any advice you can give. When Brenda goes to drink her front paws jerk/twitch one at a time and at least once each but sometimes more. They jerk enough that she can inadvertently kick nearby objects including the water bowl itself. It doesnt seem to deter her from drinking at all but I hadnt noticed her doing it until recently so it worries me a bit even though she is
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Or, what happened after our author finished eating. Several months ago, Bugsys back legs had given out; so when Maxie came at him with his sharp incisors showing, Bugsy couldnt do what he and the other two rabbits had been doing-which was RUN.. Bugsys only response was to lick Maxie with all his might. Maxie decided, this is great! After that he went around trying to induce the other two to lick him as well. No way did they want to get close to that nippy little mouth. Up til then, four-pound Maxie even had eight-and-a-half-pound Bradley buffaloed. Bradleyd get this expression on his face that read, Hes little and hes MEAN! I began feeding the four of them together-with LOTS of supervision. I also moved Maxies enclosure into the bunnies room.. Between fence fighting and lying-side -by-side divide by an X-pen-and regularly scheduled, carefully managed meals together (which sometimes ended in mouthful of fur for dessert)-Maxies animosity wore down, and he attacked Connie and Bradley ...
My Russian Blue Mix is 5 years old, Ive noticed for a while now that he licks wall. He will sit there and lick a wall for hours if I let him. I of course
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Whats a healthy meal without a great bowl to eat out of? PetCareRx is your answer to dog bowls and other great pet supplies and products
Whats a healthy meal without a great bowl to eat out of? PetCareRx is your answer to dog bowls and other great pet supplies and products
Ive found a secret weapon that helps eliminate sugar before it turns to fat. VitaTaste by Sunrider reduces absorption of the sugars by the body.
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While its not in our inventory of new Lexus cars yet, the 2018 Lexus LS was featured in a creative commercial that aired during the Super Bowl.
The Super Bowl is always defined by numbers, this one perhaps more than others because theres one number - positive tests for COVID-19 this week - that no one wants to see.
Experts weigh in on the hottest erogenous zones youre probably ignoring, and exactly how to caress, stroke, and lick your way to the hottest sex youve...
and LSU comes away with a big Sugar Bowl win. LSU defeated Notre Dame 41-14 in the Sugar Bowls return to the Superdome, and handed Notre Dame its ninth straight bowl loss which
Dialysis is one of the methods of treatment available for those in the last stages of renal failure. It is also the most common renal failure treatment. This is because in order to be eligible for a transplant you have to meet several strenuous criteria and a matching kidney must be available to you. While waiting for a kidney transplant, people must undergo dialysis in order to keep dangerous toxins from building up in the blood. Dialysis creates a significant lifestyle change for the individual who must undergo the process. In most cases, the patient will have to attend a dialysis appointment at least 3 days per week, and the treatment itself can last upwards of 3 and even 4 hours.. There are two different types of dialysis available for renal failure. The first type is hemodialysis and the second is Peritoneal Dialysis. Hemodialysis involves diverting blood through a special machine as it flows through the body. The machine then scrubs the blood, removing toxins that have built up, before ...
Microbial testing is crucial for identifying if water supplies could be harboring harmful levels of bacteria, yeast or mold. A total aerobic bacteria plate count, also called APC or TPC, is an inexpensive test which indicates the cleanliness of a water system but does not necessarily provide information on whether the bacteria is good or bad.. Test the source and test the water at the bird level. Counts greater than 10,000 colony forming units (cfu)/ml suggest the system has potential for harboring pathogens.. Take care when pulling water samples for microbial evaluations to prevent contamination from the air as the air in a chicken house could be loaded with bacteria.. Do not sample directly in front of a running fan but find a location that is out of direct air movement.. Utilize a sterile container, clean the water line opening (faucet) or nipple drinker with 91% rubbing 2 alcohol, let the water run for 20-30 seconds (activate nipple drinkers with sterile tweezers), then collect the sample. ...
Although several studies have estimated the effect of sugar sweetened beverages taxes on household purchases, very few examples using individual level self-reported consumption data are available. To our knowledge, only Philadelphia and Berkeley have used a similar approach. In Philadelphia, a telephone survey was used to estimate changes in consumption of sugar sweetened drinks; the results showed that the odds of daily soda consumption decreased by 40% after implementation of the tax.34 In Berkeley, three studies included measures of self-reported sugar sweetened drinks consumption. One used 24 hour beverage recall surveys before and after the tax (collected in the same months one year apart) and found that consumption had fallen 21% eight months after the tax was implemented, but the study was insufficiently powered to detect an effect.11 Another study interviewed shoppers in low income neighbourhoods in Berkeley using a short beverage frequency measure. This study found that consumption of ...
Guinea Pigs Water Bowls Which Move the WaterPig Water And Food Bowl - Rabbit & Guinea Pig Water Bottle & Bowls - My Pet
Almost every reptile needs a food or water bowl and often, your pet will need both and we have you covered with these stunning, realistic rock like bowls. Available in seven sizes, including some extra large bowls that have been designed for large snakes and monitors, youll be sure to find a size that fits just right.
He FJ, Marrero NM, and MacGregor GA. Salt intake is related to soft drink consumption in children and adolescents. A link to obesity? Hypertension. 2008;51:629-634.. The link between salt intake and fluid intake is well characterized in adults. The World Health Organization has estimated that reducing daily salt intake by half, to ∼5 g/d, would reduce fluid intake by about 350 mL/d per person. While intake of water is seldom of concern, much of the fluids consumed in developed nations contribute significant calories to the daily diet. Soft drink intake in children, in particular, is a concern due to the proposed link between intake of sweetened beverages and obesity. To determine a link between salt intake and soft drink consumption, He et al. analyzed data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey for young people in Great Britain. The survey, conducted in 1997, provides a representative sample of young people between the ages of 4 and 18 years.. Data from 1688 participants (837 girls) were ...
This is not exactly usual behavior, but your cat is definitely not alone in dipping its paws in its water bowl in order to drink.. Whether a cat will do this depends on the individual animal and the situation. Some cats are more tactile than others, and are more likely to use their paws sort of like hands instead of using their mouths. When it comes to the water bowl, a cat might be extra motivated to do this if theres something about putting its face in the bowl that it doesnt really like. Its theorized that many cats dont like the feeling up putting their head inside a bowl because their whiskers will brush against the side of the bowl, or maybe because it cant see its surroundings when its face is in the bowl, especially if the bowl is up against the wall.. Though I dont think this is a particularly concerning problem, it might be a good idea to try things to see if you can make the water bowl more appealing, so it isnt inclined to do this at all anymore, such as getting a bigger bowl, ...
Adjust the rate of fluid intake to race pace: slower race pace = slower drinking rate; maximum intake of 500 ml/hr (4-6 oz every 20 min) for runners with greater than 5 hour marathon finishing times (10-11 min/mile pace). Weight monitoring is also important: if you gain weight during your workout or event, you are drinking too much.. For a more highly motivated runner/walker who desires a numeric range, a fluid calculator can provide an estimate of body fluid losses as a generalized strategy for fluid replacement. Participants concerned about peak performance are advised to understand their individualized fluid needs through use of this fluid calculator but ALWAYS defer to physiologic cues to increase fluid intake (thirst, concentrated dark urine, weight loss) or decrease fluid consumption (diluted or clear urination, bloating, weight gain) while participating. It is also important to recognize that if you use this method in one climate and then travel to a different climate for your event, ...
Prevention: • Drink plenty of fluids, dont wait until thirsty • Drink small amounts and often • Avoid drinks that contain caffeine and alcohol which are diuretics • It is essential to replace the sodium lost through sweating Symptoms: • Thirst • Decreased urine volume • Abnormally dark urine • Unexplained tiredness • Irritability • Lack of tears • Headache • Dry mouth • Dizziness Manoj Choyal .  If the water in the body is balanced, the urine will be a pale straw or lemonade color. When water loss from the body exceeds water intake, the kidneys need to conserve water, making the urine much more concentrated with waste products and subsequently darker in color. Dark yellow urine is a sure indicator that the individual is dehydrated and that the fluid consumption must be increased. Certain medicines and vitamins may cause the color of the urine to change. If any of these have been taken, this test is unreliable.   Manoj Choyal . HEAT RASH ...
A total of 36 studies were included, with 1,279,804 subjects and 36,352 CVD cases. Duration of follow-up for incident CVD ranged from 6-44 years, with a median follow-up of 10 years. Twenty-one studies were conducted in Europe, 12 in the United States, and three in Japan. A nonlinear relationship of coffee consumption with CVD risk was identified (p for heterogeneity = 0.09, p for trend < 0.001, p for nonlinearity < 0.001). Compared with the lowest category of coffee consumption (median, 0 cups per day), the relative risk of CVD was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.87-1.03) for the highest category (median, 5 cups per day), 0.85 (95% CI, 0.80-0.90) for the second highest category (median, 3.5 cups per day), and 0.89 (95% CI, 0.84-0.94) for the third highest category (median, 1.5 cups per day). Coffee consumption was nonlinearly associated with both coronary heart disease and stroke risks.. ...
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In the general population, habitual coffee consumption is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome, a syndrome that is rather common also in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, whether coffee intake is beneficially related to the metabolic syndrome also in type 1 diabetes, is not known. We, therefore, studied the potential association between coffee consumption and the […]
Environmentally friendly and easy to carry. Hang on your bag or inside your backpack for quick and easy retrieval when your dog is thirsty.. Flexible, foldable, non-break bowl to take with you on your journeys camping, walking or running with your best friend. Has a small hook design to attache a carabiner to allow hanging on the outside of you bag, which is great to dry the bowl naturally after use.. Comes in several different colors.. Product size: about 13 cm in diameter, about 5.5 cm in height, about 9 cm in diameter at the bottom of bowl. ...
Wheel thrown and hand crafted stoneware bowl featuring our Paw Print Medallion. Please note, since these are all individually made there may be slight variances in glaze, size and styling. 12 ounce capacity 5 1/4 wide x 2 tall Perfect for food or water for your pet Yes, you can eat cereal from it, we wont tell M
I m lucky to have two dogs, one small and one large, who can come galloping into the house from a hard romp, run to the water bowl, and drink their fill, and hardly leave a drop on the floor. I m reminded of how lucky I am every time my son s dog comes to visit - as I move the water bowl outside and grab the first of a series of dog towels from the bottom shelf of the linen closet, the stained, frayed-edge, holey towels kept just for dog baths and... well, this! Cole is incapable of drinking even a little without redistributing half of it around the kitchen. It wasn t such a big deal in summer - it s so dry here, the water would evaporate in no time. But now, with cold floors and me walking around in socks... Darn it, Cole!
In order to create the most natural habitat for your ig, you may want to use either astroturf or Repti carpet for the floor of the cage. Both can be found at most pet stores. I recommend PetsMart or Petco. You should put one or two sticks in the cage for climbing and basking. If you get sticks from the back yard or outside somewhere make sure you soak them in a bleach sollution for 24 hours (one part bleach, two parts water). Let them dry completly before placing them in the cage. Place two water bowls in the cage - one for drinking, and a larger one for soaking. This is not required, although it may make things simpler for you. Make sure you change water bowls daily. You will also need a food dish that is somewhat large yet shallow so your iguana can reach the food easily. You dont want too much clutter on the floor of the cage as this may stress the iguana. You want the ig to have plenty of room to walk around. You also may want to put some vines or plants in the cage (preferably plastic), ...
FoodIngredientsFirst is the source for news, analysis and insights on the food ingredients sector. Key topics of focus include business news, ingredient launches, research & development and ingredient applications. Content is boosted by video interviews and support from Innova Market Insights and The World of Food Ingredients.
San Francisco-based fitness-tracking company Jawbone Labs has developed a free app that allows users to track their caffeine intake.
Has anyone ever had a dog with lick atrophy? My black lab has it or does it and it is so gross. Basically she licks and lick her legs until she has a...
People believe that a dogs mouth is much cleaner than the mouth of humans. This is perhaps the reason why some people would allow their dogs to lick their feet, their hands as well as their faces and mouths. When a dog licks the master, the dog...
Lick Granuloma or Acral Lick Dermatitis is a real challenge for us in the veterinary world. . .at least it was for me until I entered the Alternative Medicine world and found the core cause of this problem. Let me show you how to fix this without spending hundreds of dollars and wasting lots of time. . .
Molly and Blackie were going crazy! I moved the humidifier out just a little. Nothing. I pulled it out a little more....nothing! Finally I was like, okay Molly, get ready. I pulled it out all the way, and Jacob (good ol eagle eye) saw it go behind Moosies water bowl. It ran out a little bit from there, and kind of looked around frantically. I think it knew its time was limited. Molly got to it first and byebye mouse ...
An anonymous reader writes Those cups of coffee that you drink every day to keep alert appear to have an extra perk — especially if youre an older adult. A recent study monitoring the memory and thinking processes of people older than 65 found that all those with higher blood caffeine levels...
Reader Question: How To Stop Canines From Licking Their Paws? I have two male fawn pugs (ages 8 and 10, not related) with excessive paw licking. Their
We love it when our dogs show us affection by kissing (a.k.a. licking) our faces. But do you know what actually happens when your pup licks your face?
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Increased thirst, pet is drinking much more than usual. Excessive drinking is often accompanied by excessive urinating. Excessive thirst ca
If your kitty spends more time licking and scratching at her skin than she does napping or batting around her toys, something definitely needs to be done to give her some relief. Bring your itchy ...
Want to try ass licking? What does ass licking feel like? Here are how some people really feel about it and why they love it! Plus, some ass licking techniques.
One of the best parts about dogs is how affectionate they can be. Its almost like they can sense when were hurt or feeling down, and then try to help us with extra snuggles or kisses. But while well-intentioned, those kisses-well, licks-may not always be good for your health.
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There is nothing as cute as your dog coming up to you and giving you a slobbering wet kiss. However, after reading this, you might change your mind, as there
Find the answers to your pet health questions with Ask petMD, a free Q&A forum with answers from verified veterinarians and pet experts.
WebMD decodes a range of puzzling canine customs, from chasing their own tails to rolling around in unmentionables, Many quirky habits are normal in dogs, though a few may suggest hidden medical problems.
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Betting is in the air as we approach Super Bowl LV. This is your guide to all things Super Bowl bet-related and how you can join in on the fun.
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Are you looking for the best slow feed dog bowl for your dog? We have personally tested 35 of them to find the ideal one for your breed.
My 4 year old is always putting things in her mouth and or licking on unusual objects. She does not play alone alot and seems easily distracted. We were
Aquartes wide range of flavours-hibiscus-guarana-pomegranate, ginseng-apple, acerola-orange and chamomile-passion fruit-will quench your thirst and provide you with healthy nutrients.. ...
... Drinkers should swallow every drop. The Daily Mail - April 5, 2017 ... Drinking wine is vital for obtaining the most information possible about the quality of the wine, he writes. ...
Some of Kavanaughs former Yale classmates reveal more into his belligerent and aggressive behavior when drunk. NBC News also ... Some of Kavanaughs former Yale classmates reveal more into his belligerent and aggressive behavior when drunk. NBC News also ... Lawrence: Kavanaughs drunk behavior matters to FBI investigation. 20:04. *Share this - ...
Carmen Puliafitos hair-trigger temper and perceived drinking problem, and many were adamant he be removed. ... Complaints of drinking, abusive behavior dogged USC medical school dean for years × ... Puliafitos behavior" during his nearly decade-long tenure as dean.. Then-Dean Carmen A. Puliafito, left, Dr. Inderbir Gill, ... Puliafitos behavior caused some of his colleagues to leave. The medical schools admissions dean, Erin Quinn, who had been at ... internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Space Science, Earth Science, Health and Medicine
... family and peer drinking, tenure, personality, risk perception, time preferences, and age of drinking onset. The results ... demonstrate very weak income effects and very strong effects of personality, peer drinking (in particular closest friend), time ... Behavioral Economics And Drinking Behavior: Preliminary Results From An Irish College Study. ... family and peer drinking, tenure, personality, risk perception, time preferences, and age of drinking onset. The results ...
Differences in problem behaviors by frequency of energy drink consumption were assessed with multivariate linear and logistic ... Energy drinks, race, and problem behaviors among college students.. Miller KE1. ... These findings suggest that energy drink consumption is closely associated with a problem behavior syndrome, particularly among ... This study examined relationships between energy drink consumption and problem behaviors among adolescents and emerging adults ...
Proportions seeing a doctor and asked about drinking were similar across drinking patterns. Respondents asked about drinking ... Physician Advice to Adolescents About Drinking and Other Health Behaviors. Ralph W. Hingson, Wenxing Zha, Ronald J. Iannotti, ... Physician Advice to Adolescents About Drinking and Other Health Behaviors. Ralph W. Hingson, Wenxing Zha, Ronald J. Iannotti, ... Physician Advice to Adolescents About Drinking and Other Health Behaviors Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ...
Behavior,,Drinking,Decline,in,Early,Adulthood,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current ... Impulsive Behavior, Drinking Decline in Early Adulthood. ...Biggest improvement occurs between 18 and 25 researchers say ... ... During Drinking Water Week 2010, Water Suppliers Invite Public to 'Get To Know Your Water' 10. During Drinking Water ... Injuries From Underage Drinking Rise Over Memorial Day Weekend. 4. Moderate Drinking May Protect Brain From Alzheimers. 5. ...
... influence the development of various types of drinking behaviors in their children. In-home interviews were conducted with a ... The findings revealed that adolescent drinking can be explained in part by parental models of drinking behavior; for example, ... Barnes, GM., Farrell, MP., & Cairns, A. (1986). Parental Socialization Factors and Adolescent Drinking Behaviors. Journal of ... were also shown to have an effect on the development of adolescent drinking behaviors. It was concluded that the family ...
Circadian Rhythms in Drinking Behavior and Locomotor Activity of Rats Are Eliminated by Hypothalamic Lesions. Friedrich K. ... Circadian Rhythms in Drinking Behavior and Locomotor Activity of Rats Are Eliminated by Hypothalamic Lesions ... Circadian Rhythms in Drinking Behavior and Locomotor Activity of Rats Are Eliminated by Hypothalamic Lesions ... Circadian Rhythms in Drinking Behavior and Locomotor Activity of Rats Are Eliminated by Hypothalamic Lesions ...
The number of drinks consumed in high school students binge drinking episodes predicts other health risk behaviors, according ... Number of Drinks Predicts Teens Other Risky Behaviors. MONDAY, April 16, 2018 -- The number of drinks consumed in high school ... to assess associations of drinking with health-risk behaviors. The authors compared adolescent binge drinking at least twice ... while 14 percent drank less than the binge thresholds. Illegal drug and tobacco use, risky sexual and traffic behaviors, ...
Buffalo Grove police are teaming with 7-Eleven to distribute free Slurpee drink coupons to children who are spotted committing ... Buffalo Grove police are teaming with 7-Eleven to distribute free Slurpee drink coupons to children who are spotted committing ... "Being rewarded for positive behaviors can foster better and more trustworthy relationships between our local children and our ... Each coupon can be redeemed for a small Slurpee drink at participating 7-Eleven stores. ...
"Drinking Behavior" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Drinking Behavior" was a major or minor topic ... "Drinking Behavior" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Drinking Behavior" by people in Profiles. ...
Stress-related eating and drinking behavior and body mass index and predictors of this behavior.. Laitinen J1, Ek E, Sovio U. ... The best predictors of stress-related eating and drinking among men age 31 years were being single or divorced, a long history ... study examines the associations between stress-related eating and drinking and obesity and the factors predicting this behavior ...
... of interest to prospective applicants under the Grant Competition to Prevent High-Risk Drinking and Violent Behavior among ... Grant Competition to Prevent High-Risk Drinking or Violent Behavior among College Students ...
... drinking,due,to,copying,behavior,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news, ... THE rise in binge drinking in the young is a fashion phenomenon wher...A study conducted at Durham Universitys Institute of ... Binge drinking due to copying behavior. ...THE rise in binge drinking in the young is a fashion phenomenon wher...A study ... Heavy Drinking Boosts Stroke Risk for Chinese Men. 9. Good Cholesterol Wont Help Heavy-Drinking Older Men. 10. Drinking Often ...
He drinks once or twice a week, never less than four drinks, usually six. He says he never drinks on work nights, but by this ... I drank a fifth and a half and I told them that night that when I drank this Im not going to drink anymore, and I havent had ... defined controlled drinking as being no problem drinking episodes dependence or problems from drinking in the previous 6 months ... Behavior therapy the hardest way: Controlled drinking and natural remission from alcoholism Stanton Peele. Morristown, NJ ...
... frequent drinking becomes more common in middle to old age, especially amongst men, according to research published in the open ... The more friends you drink with... the more you drink More information: Life course trajectories of alcohol consumption in the ... A substantial proportion of older men drink daily or most days of the week, while a majority of women tend to drink monthly or ... Teenagers favour bouts of irregular heavy drinking episodes, only drinking once or twice a week, but as we grow older we shift ...
... but about 30 percent of all adults exposed to alcohol go on to engage in compulsive drinking behaviors despite negative effects ... Study reveals how adults exposed to alcohol go on to develop compulsive drinking behaviors. *Download PDF Copy ... In contrast, the neurons in drinkers predisposed for compulsive behavior quieted and decreased activity during drinking events. ... They tracked compulsive alcohol drinking during these first drinking experiences, and again at later timepoints. ...
This study examined the role of positive and negative alcohol expectancies and PTSD symptoms in drinking behavior in a comorbid ... This study examined the role of positive and negative alcohol expectancies and PTSD symptoms in drinking behavior in a comorbid ... The Role of Alcohol Expectancies in Drinking Behavior Among Women with Alcohol Use Disorder and Comorbid Posttraumatic Stress ... Negative expectancies related to negative changes in social behavior associated with drinking days and cognitive and motor ...
Automatic Processes and the Drinking Behavior in Early Adolescence: A Prospective Study. ... Automatic Processes and the Drinking Behavior in Early Adolescence: A Prospective Study. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental ... Virtual Issue: Risk Factors for Adolescent Drinking. *Virtual Issue Alcohol and drug use disorders: are all addictions the same ...
This paper seeks to explain this phenomenon by developing a theory of health behavior, and exploiting both lottery winnings and ... Wealth and Health Behavior: Testing the Concept of a Health Cost (2014). Volume 72, pages 197-220. Wealthier individuals ... "Why the Rich drink more but smoke less: The Impact of Wealth on Health Behaviors," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-035 ... Why the Rich drink more but smoke less: The Impact of Wealth on Health Behaviors. ...
Warning labels on sugary drinks impact sales, consumer behavior. Adding warning labels to sugary beverages such as soda and ... News , In the News , 2020 , Warning labels on sugary drinks impact sales, consumer behavior ... Sugary drinks have been linked to a number of metabolic diseases, including diabetes and obesity. ... sports drinks led to a drop in sales of such beverages and strengthened perceptions among consumers that sugary drinks ...
... or energy drinks (containing caffeine) on a weekly basis are more likely to smoke cigarettes, consume sugar-sweetened beverages ... Adolescents who consume sports drinks (such as Gatorade) ... Both boys and girls who drink at least one sports drink or one ... Consumption of Sports and Energy Drinks Found Linked With Unhealthy Behaviors. By Bryan Toporek on May 13, 2014 11:17 AM ... 44.9 percent reported drinking at least one sports drink a week and 17.1 percent did so with energy drinks, compared with 31.6 ...
6 drinks (ßIVW = −0.198, 95% CI, −0.297 to -0.099, PIVW = 9.14 × 10−5), reduced total drinks consumed per drinking day (ßIVW ... We show that while genetic instruments associated with increased EA are not associated with total amount of weekly drinks, they ... 780,000 participants to assess the causal effects of EA on alcohol use behaviors and alcohol dependence (AD). Fifty-three ... may be associated with risky alcohol use behaviors; however, these findings may be biased by confounding and reverse causality ...
... information on the characteristics of consumers who drink water is limited. ... Increasing consumption of drinking water is a strategy to reduce energy intake and lose or maintain weight; however, ... drank 1 to 3 cups, 35% drank 4 to 7 cups, and 22% drank 8 cups or more. On the basis of χ2 tests, daily drinking water intake ... Behaviors and Attitudes Associated With Low Drinking Water Intake Among US Adults, Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey, 2007. ...
Energy Drinks to Alcohol-Only on High-Risk Drinking and Driving Behaviors," published in the January 2015 edition of Informa. ... such as more days drinking and getting drunk as well as riskier binge drinking episodes with more drinks per occasion. ... "Combined Use of Alcohol and Energy Drinks Increases Participation in High-Risk Drinking and Driving Behaviors among College ... NWCLFM study confirms previous findings showing increased high-risk drinking and driving behaviors among students who combine ...
... and will neither motivate more students to be cautious about drinking nor deter them from drinking. ... This rule against having alcohol paraphernalia in a dorm room is misdirected in trying to promote safe drinking, ... A policy like this that targets alcohol paraphernalia does nothing to protect students against the dangers of drinking. ... Editorial: New alcohol policy stifles safe drinking behavior Ali Latini/The Ithacan ...
Drinking behavior was recorded for 2 h. A repeated-measures design was used with each rat acting as its own control. There were ... Previous studies have shown that GLP-1 reduces drinking behavior in rats and humans (Navarro et al., 1996; Tang-Christensen et ... Endogenous Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Reduces Drinking Behavior and Is Differentially Engaged by Water and Food Intakes in Rats. ... Endogenous Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Reduces Drinking Behavior and Is Differentially Engaged by Water and Food Intakes in Rats ...
We explore economic model of health behaviors. While the standard economic model of health as an investment is generally ... Cutler, David M. and Glaeser, Edward L., What Explains Differences in Smoking, Drinking and Other Health-Related Behaviors? ( ... We explore economic model of health behaviors. While the standard economic model of health as an investment is generally ... Most prominently, the correlation of different health behaviors across people is virtually zero, suggest that standard factors ...
  • Adolescents who behave aggressively are more likely to drink alcohol and in larger quantities than their peers, according to a recent study completed in Finland. (
  • This study examined relationships between energy drink consumption and problem behaviors among adolescents and emerging adults. (
  • Efforts are warranted to increase the proportion of physicians who follow professional guidelines to screen and counsel adolescents about unhealthy alcohol use and other behaviors that pose health risks. (
  • for example, heavier-drinking parents were more likely than other parents to have adolescents who were also heavier drinkers. (
  • The observed associations between consumption of sports and energy drinks and these unhealthy behaviors are troubling because they may indicate a clustering of problem behaviors among some adolescents," the authors conclude. (
  • Since adolescents who regularly consume energy and sports drinks engage in a greater amount of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per week compared to those who have less than one such beverage per week, the study authors posit that marketers may be targeting adolescent athletes. (
  • Health-compromising behaviors: why do adolescents smoke or drink? (
  • To better understand the motivation for adolescent smoking and drinking and to identify the underlying risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors among adolescents. (
  • Sex-specific adjusted relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing self-reported regular smokers and regular drinkers by risk and protective factors with adolescents reporting none of these behaviors. (
  • The increased risk for regular smoking and regular drinking among adolescents with a history of abuse, family violence, depressive symptoms, and stressful life events suggests that routine screening for abuse, violence, and other family experiences should be an essential component of adolescent health care visits. (
  • Effective prevention programs to reduce smoking and drinking among adolescents should recognize that health-risk behaviors may be associated with other negative life experiences and that the strength of these associations differs by sex. (
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Health-compromising behaviors: why do adolescents smoke or drink? (
  • AU - Simantov,E, AU - Schoen,C, AU - Klein,J D, PY - 2000/10/13/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/10/13/entrez SP - 1025 EP - 33 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 154 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To better understand the motivation for adolescent smoking and drinking and to identify the underlying risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors among adolescents. (
  • Adolescents consume a tremendous amount of screened media (primarily streamed television), and media depictions of behaviors is prospectively linked to youth initiation of behaviors. (
  • Summary The featured report derives from a previously analysed evaluation conducted in the Netherlands of an intervention aimed at reducing drinking in adolescents by educating pupils and prompting parents to set and communicate explicit limits to their children's drinking. (
  • According to the researchers, the study findings are more troubling because they may indicate a clustering of problem behaviors among some adolescents. (
  • It's just that adolescents who aren't focused on healthy behaviors are more likely to consume these beverages," Block said. (
  • Our findings support the idea that situations where others are using alcohol or drugs may serve as triggering contexts' for adolescents' problem behavior, and that some youth, by virtue of their genetics, appear more sensitive to these environmental risks than others, says Russell. (
  • We examined 736 adolescents from the IMAGEN longitudinal study for alcohol drinking during early (mean age = 14.37) and again later (mean age = 16.45) adolescence. (
  • Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health ("Add Health"), a nationally representative sample of adolescents, we find evidence that being a non-drinking adolescent does not unilaterally put youth at risk for drinking onset when faced with a friendship network where the majority of friends drink. (
  • Rees, C & Wallace, D 2014, ' The myth of conformity: Adolescents and abstention from unhealthy drinking behaviors ', Social Science and Medicine , vol. 108, pp. 34-45. (
  • These findings suggest that energy drink consumption is closely associated with a problem behavior syndrome, particularly among whites. (
  • The findings show how drinking behaviour changes over our lifetimes, from adolescence through to old age, and could be used to design public health initiatives and sensible drinking advice. (
  • Using a behavioral model in mice, the team presents findings showing that even when subjects are given the same opportunity to drink, they split into distinct categories based on characteristics: light, heavy and compulsive binge drinkers (that is, those that continued to drink despite it resulting in a negative outcome). (
  • As a result, the findings helped construct a novel behavioral model, and the team identified the specific cortical-brainstem circuit that serves as both a biomarker and a cellular platform for the eventual development of compulsive drinking behavior. (
  • Our findings suggest that sugary drink warnings help consumers better understand products' healthfulness and encourage consumers to make healthier choices about what drinks to buy," lead author Anna Grummon , a postdoctoral research fellow at the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies , said in a June 1, 2020 HealthDay article. (
  • Given these findings, advertising of sports and energy drinks to youth is particular concerning. (
  • We hope these findings can assist health care practitioners to better understand the complex relationship of energy drink consumption and the significant social and public health issue of drunk driving. (
  • To learn more about the research team's initial findings, read the manuscript " A Comparison of the Combined-Use of Alcohol & Energy Drinks to Alcohol-Only on High-Risk Drinking and Driving Behaviors ," published in the January 2015 edition of Informa. (
  • College students who first became drunk at a young age have elevated odds of attributing episodes of unplanned or unprotected intercourse to drinking, according to findings from a survey conducted at more than 100 U.S. colleges and universities in 1999. (
  • findings from the multivariate analyses confirmed that the odds of alcohol dependence and bingeing were highest among those who had first gotten drunk during the preadolescent or early teenage years and declined steadily thereafter. (
  • These findings demonstrate that dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and plasticity-related proteins regulating molecular memory in the nucleus accumbens shell are associated with higher ethanol-drinking and -seeking in HR rats. (
  • Campo noted that the study's findings on the importance of students' perceptions of friends' drinking are similar to other studies that have been conducted, and they are consistent with the theory of planned behavior, which suggests that what important others think has an influence on what one thinks and, ultimately, does. (
  • The findings, published in the May issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health , add to a growing body of research suggesting youth exposure to alcohol marketing affects their drinking behavior. (
  • These findings indicate that the relationship between automatic cognitive processes, originating in the impulsive system, and drinking behavior depends on individual differences in response inhibition exerted by the reflective system. (
  • This article examines the results of single-equation regression models of the determinants of alcohol consumption patterns among college students modeling a rich variety of covariates including gender, family and peer drinking, tenure, personality, risk perception, time preferences, and age of drinking onset. (
  • It was hypothesized that frequent consumption of energy drinks would be positively associated with substance abuse and other risky behaviors, and that these relationships would be moderated by race. (
  • Differences in problem behaviors by frequency of energy drink consumption were assessed with multivariate linear and logistic regressions, controlling for gender, race, age, parental education, and college grade point average. (
  • Frequency of energy drink consumption was positively associated with marijuana use, sexual risk-taking, fighting, seatbelt omission, and taking risks on a dare for the sample as a whole, and associated with smoking, drinking, alcohol problems, and illicit prescription drug use for white students but not for black students. (
  • Frequent consumption of energy drinks may serve as a useful screening indicator to identify students at risk for substance use and/or other health-compromising behavior. (
  • Adolescent alcohol misuse screening should query the maximum number of drinks consumed per occasion and frequency of such consumption," the authors write. (
  • Assessing Preschoolers' Beverage Consumption Using the Theory of Planned Behavior. (
  • A study conducted at Durham University's Institute of Advanced Study and Volterra Consulting UK shows that social networking is a key factor in the spread of the rapid consumption of large amounts of alcohol binge drinking - which is blamed for serious anti-social and criminal behaviour. (
  • This is the first attempt to harmonise data on drinking behaviour from a wide range of population groups over their lifespan with repeated individual measures of consumption. (
  • For men, mean consumption of alcohol rose sharply during adolescence, peaked at around 25 years at 20 units (160g) per week, roughly the equivalent of drinking 10 pints of beer. (
  • In this study, we initially sought to understand how the brain is altered by binge drinking to drive compulsive alcohol consumption. (
  • However, consumption of both types of beverages was also linked to a host of unhealthy behaviors as well. (
  • The academy cited dental erosion, obesity, and caffeine addiction as three possible side effects from consumption of sports drinks or energy drinks. (
  • Overall, 7% of adults reported no daily consumption of drinking water, 36% reported drinking 1 to 3 cups, 35% reported drinking 4 to 7 cups, and 22% reported drinking 8 cups or more. (
  • The recent investigation surveyed 605 college students regarding their perceptions of high-risk drinking and driving behaviors, as well as their energy drink consumption patterns. (
  • Based on reported frequency of alcohol consumption, students were classified by level of binge drinking behavior. (
  • moreover, the consequences of long-term alcohol consumption on the response to natural reward and maternal behavior were evaluated. (
  • Our results show that the intermittent alcohol drinking-pattern induced an escalation in alcohol intake during pre-gestational time and lactation more than the continuous access, while a reduction in alcohol consumption was observed during pregnancy, contrarily to the drinking trajectories of the continuous access-exposed rats. (
  • To evaluate the effectiveness of ceftriaxone treatment in curbing relapse-like ethanol drinking behavior in male P rats following 14-weeks of continuous ethanol consumption. (
  • Various factors, external and internal, have been associated with relapse to drug-seeking and drug-consumption behaviors [ 2 - 5 ]. (
  • Men reported alcohol consumption per drinking occasion that was consistent with other studies, but the frequency of drinking occasions among women was higher than previous studies, suggesting that consumption in women may be increasing. (
  • Alcohol consumption on college and university campuses has gained attention not only because undergraduate students drink significantly more than adults, but also because they drink more than young adults who do not attend university ( Slutske, 2005 ). (
  • Binge drinking is defined as consumption of 5 drinks for men and 4 drinks for women within two hours, such that the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is raised to 0.08 gram percent or above ( NIAAA, 2004 ). (
  • The AUDIT alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C): an effective brief screening test for problem drinking. (
  • Drinking game participation has increased in popularity among college students and is associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and an increased likelihood of incurring alcohol-related problems. (
  • A review of the literature provided suggestions for future research that could aid in understanding how drinking game participation contributes to high-risk or problematic alcohol consumption and served to inform the three studies conducted to examine drinking game behavior among college students. (
  • Males were more likely to report recent participation and reported higher levels of consumption while playing drinking games. (
  • Drinking game participants were more likely to experience a range of alcohol-related problems, and the relationship between drinking game participation and alcohol-related problems was mediated by weekly alcohol consumption. (
  • Study two was conducted in order to develop and implement a laboratory-based Simulated Drinking Game Procedure to study risky alcohol consumption levels while participating in drinking games. (
  • Study three was conducted in order to extend the Simulated Drinking Game Procedure to examine alcohol consumption across different types of drinking games. (
  • Talamantes, Blanca 1995-10-01 00:00:00 The capacity of sucrose drinking to produce conditioned place preference (CPP) and the effects of dopamine and opioid receptor blockade on acquisition of this preference and on sucrose consumption were evaluated. (
  • The current study was designed to determine whether NPY differentially alters ethanol-associated appetitive behavior (i.e., lever pressing) or ethanol consumption in Wistar rats with a history of ethanol vapor exposure. (
  • The objectives are to show which determinants commonly explain safe water consumption practices and how well they do so, and to identify behavior- and population-specific determinants to be targeted in different contexts. (
  • This retrospective cohort study examined whether early life exposure to PCE-contaminated drinking water influenced the occurrence of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and drug use among adults from Cape Cod, Massachusetts. (
  • The researchers are also clueless about which came first, the sports and energy drink consumption or the other unhealthy behaviors. (
  • Participants (N = 84) were problem drinking MSM, who were participating in a combined pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy clinical trial to moderate their alcohol consumption. (
  • However, genetic variations in ANKK1 (rs1800497) and HOMER1 (rs7713917) play an equal role in predicting alcohol drinking two years later and are most important in predicting the increase in alcohol consumption. (
  • Finally, we demonstrate that the depressive behaviors observed do not require a sucrose fade and that this drinking paradigm may favor the development of habit-like EtOH consumption. (
  • The multi-level analyses in this study suggest that alcohol consumption while pregnant leads to a cascade of nervous system changes that ultimately impact behavior, via mechanisms that can produce transgenerational effects. (
  • Self-reported risk-taking behavior during matched-frequency sessions of alcohol versus combined alcohol and energy drinks consumption: Does co-ingestion increase risk-taking? (
  • The aims of the present study were to (i) compare rates of risk-taking in AmED versus alcohol sessions among consumers with matched frequency of use and (ii) identify consumption and person characteristics associated with risk-taking behavior in AmED sessions. (
  • Conclusions: Bivariate analyses from a matched-frequency sample align with past research showing lower odds of risk-taking behavior after AmED versus alcohol consumption for the same individuals. (
  • However, hypotheses of increased risk-taking post-AmED consumption were partly supported: Greater ED intake was associated with increased likelihood of specific behaviors, including drink-driving, sexual behavior, and aggressive behaviors in the matched-frequency sample after controlling for alcohol intake and risk-taking in alcohol sessions. (
  • Furthermore, a drinking adolescent with a majority of friends who drink has a decreased probability of continuing to drink and has overall lower levels of consumption if he or she has a minority of friends who do not drink. (
  • According to the National Health Survey 2004 conducted by the Health Promotion Board Singapore, binge drinking is defined as consumption of five or more alcoholic drinks over a short period of time. (
  • The drinking age in most countries is either 16 or 18, though in many countries national or regional regulations ban the consumption and/or the sale of alcoholic drinks stronger than beer or wine to those less than 18 years of age. (
  • Statistics show that alcohol consumption in Malta exceeds that in the UK (but binge drinking is slightly lower and intoxication is significantly lower), and report that Malta ranks 5th in the world in common binge drinking. (
  • Proportions seeing a doctor and asked about drinking were similar across drinking patterns. (
  • Over the course of 15 years, starting in their freshman year at a public university, the students were assessed for developmental changes and drinking patterns. (
  • includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety. (
  • We show that the rise in binge drinking is a fashion-related phenomenon, with imitative behaviour spreading across social networks, is sufficient to account for observed patterns of binge drinking behaviour. (
  • And that is part of an overall behavioral approach where people eliminate behavior through desensitization, and they develop alternative ways to combat stress, and they substitute newly learned healthy patterns of behavior, and they learn to anticipate and forestall relapse. (
  • The present data indicate that both alcohol-drinking patterns are associated to modifications in the drinking trajectories of female rats, in pre-gestational time, during pregnancy and lactation. (
  • This is crucial because adolescence is the turning point when behavior patterns take shape and any most of the addictions begin in this stage. (
  • Students with disordered eating behaviors also had more positive and negative alcohol expectancies and engaged in more risky and fewer protective drinking behaviors than their counterparts.Students with disordered eating behaviors have outcome expectancies and behavior patterns associated with problematic drinking. (
  • alcohol drinking patterns vary between individuals and cultures. (
  • However, there currently appears to be at least some convergence of drinking patterns and styles between the northern and southern countries, with the south beginning to drink more like the north more so than the other way around. (
  • WASHINGTON - A major CDC survey released today reported that underage drinking rates among 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th graders are at their lowest levels since the survey's inception in 1991, according to the Distilled Spirits Council. (
  • This long-term decline in underage and binge drinking is extremely encouraging but we must not become complacent as a society," said Dr. Peter Cressy, President of the Distilled Spirits Council and a former college president. (
  • Cressy noted that the spirits industry has been a part of this positive trend through the support of the Federal Trade Commission's We Don't Serve Teens program and the educational initiatives of the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility ( ), which provides tools to parents, schools and communities to address underage drinking and drunk driving. (
  • Underage drinking is a significant problem facing US communities. (
  • Several environmental alcohol prevention (EAP) strategies (laws, regulations, responsible beverage service training and practices) successfully address underage drinking. (
  • This small-scale, 3-year, randomized controlled trial assessed whether providing prevention coalitions with Getting To Outcomes-Underage Drinking (GTO-UD), a tool kit and implementation support intervention, helped improve implementation of two common EAP strategies, responsible beverage service training (RBS) and compliance checks. (
  • Adolescence and the transition to adulthood is an important developmental stage in the emergence of health risk behaviors, specifically underage alcohol use. (
  • Survey data from the Missouri Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) from 1997 to 2005 revealed that despite some encouraging changes in driving after drinking and other risk behaviors among Missouri high school students over recent years, underage drinking, problem drinking and drinking-driving remain significant issues for 9th to 12th graders. (
  • Wright, Patricia 2013-04-06 00:00:00 Underage drinking is a significant problem facing US communities. (
  • Underage youth who cite alcohol marketing and the influence of adults, movies or other media as the main reasons for choosing to consume a specific brand of alcohol are more likely to drink more and report adverse consequences from their drinking than youth who report other reasons for selecting a specific brand, new research suggests. (
  • Almost one in three underage drinkers reports choosing a brand of alcohol to drink based on branding and marketing," says lead study author Craig Ross, PhD, president of Fiorente Media, Inc. and a consultant to the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth. (
  • A principal in Maryland who sought to crack down on underage drinking at prom in 2016 barred students who were caught doing so from participating in commencement ceremonies , but the disciplinary measures were reversed by the interim superintendent, according to local media. (
  • Parental socialization factors, particularly support and to a lesser degree control, were also shown to have an effect on the development of adolescent drinking behaviors. (
  • The authors compared adolescent binge drinking at least twice versus less than twice the age/gender-specific thresholds and non-binge drinking. (
  • This study describes alcohol brand depictions in television and evaluates impact of exposure to such depictions on adolescent drinking outcomes. (
  • Watching and drinking: expectancies, prototypes, and friends' alcohol use mediate the effect of exposure to alcohol use in movies on adolescent drinking. (
  • First get the parents to set and communicate strict limits on their children's drinking was the implication of this analysis of how in the Netherlands a combined adolescent education and parenting programme exerted unusually strong impacts on later drinking. (
  • In the Netherlands combined parent limit-setting on drinking and adolescent education - but not either component alone - substantially restrained growth of the childrens' drinking. (
  • Adolescent peer groups with pro-drinking group norms are a well-established source of influence for alcohol initiation and use. (
  • Our results also show that a non-drinking adolescent with a majority of drinking friends is significantly less likely to initiate alcohol abuse if he or she has a minority of non-drinking friend(s). (
  • The term 'selfwatching' describes a behavioral approach where the individual notes when they engage in the problem behavior and they record how they feel at that time and they report what the situation is like. (
  • Occasional binge drinking isn't uncommon, but about 30 percent of all adults exposed to alcohol go on to engage in compulsive drinking behaviors despite negative effects and consequences - a major feature of alcohol use disorder. (
  • Wealthier individuals engage in healthier behavior. (
  • In fact, in nearly every category measured, gay, lesbian, and bisexual students were more likely than heterosexual students to engage in self-destructive behaviors, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, drug abuse, and "unsafe" sex. (
  • Substantial proportions of students said that drinking had "caused them" to engage in risky sexual behavior during the current school year. (
  • Patients may be more willing to engage in a behavior intervention when general health is emphasized over a focus specifically on tobacco or alcohol use. (
  • According to the researchers, teens who are fond of having those energy drinks may be more likely to also engage in other unhealthy behaviors like smoking, drinking soda and playing video games for many hours. (
  • Home Other Sections Medical News Seeing others drink alcohol or use drugs can cause teens to engage. (
  • It was found that around 30% in the study group who have the DRD4-7R genotype, upon witnessing substance abuse, engage in antisocial behavior. (
  • The TimeLine FollowBack method (TLFB) has been considered the gold standard for collecting data on alcohol use and risky sexual behavior. (
  • Alcohol use can lead to risky sexual behavior. (
  • MONDAY, April 16, 2018 -- The number of drinks consumed in high school students' binge drinking episodes predicts other health risk behaviors, according to a study published online April 10 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research . (
  • Even though Northwestern's drinking culture doesn't match that of some bigger schools like Tulane University, which is ranked the No. 1 party school by the Princeton Review's 2018 college ranking, this is still a college. (
  • The research team, which estimates there are least one million binge drinkers in the 18-24 year old population participating in 1.5 million binge drinking events each week, used complex modelling techniques and interviews with 504 18-24 year olds to draw their conclusions. (
  • Conclusions: Increases of drinking and increased levels of circulating NPY in ADHD children and decreased electrolyte excretion may reflect a common disturbance in the homeostatic control of metabolism.This may contribute to the impairments of attentional and behavioural control typical of ADHD children. (
  • Binge drinkers were defined as participants who got drunk on three or more drinks (women) or on four or more drinks (men) at least once a week, or having ten or more drinks but not necessarily getting drunk at least once a week (both men and women). (
  • 780,000 participants to assess the causal effects of EA on alcohol use behaviors and alcohol dependence (AD). (
  • Out of that number, 281 participants reported drinking only alcohol within the last month and 268 acknowledged mixing alcohol with energy drinks. (
  • A "Partier" Self-Concept Scale measured how participants see social behaviors as a partier. (
  • Participants used a likert scale to rank a series of statements reflecting cultural values from the previously validated Chinese Cultural Orientation Scale and answered questions about their drinking behaviors and socio-demographic characteristics. (
  • However, most of these participants (84 percent) also ended up increasing their drinking over the following 12 months until they were back to baseline levels. (
  • About 11 percent of the participants were extremely heavy drinkers and did not reduce their drinking behaviors at all after the intervention. (
  • The subjective effects of a binge-drinking dose of alcohol were assessed in a subset of participants. (
  • Results also highlighted additional risks for female participants associated with participation in drinking games. (
  • Participants completed questionnaires to gather information on risky behaviors as a teenager and young adult, demographic characteristics, other sources of solvent exposure, and residences from birth through 1990. (
  • While recording their feedbacks, the researchers found that about 38 percent of the participants consumed sports drinks at least once a week. (
  • Comparatively, participants who consumed sports and energy drinks less than once a week had less affinity to these behaviors. (
  • Participants reported on their alcohol use and sexual risk behavior daily for 90-days using the IVR system. (
  • At treatment completion, participants were administered the TLFB interview and reported on their behavior during the same 90 day time frame. (
  • Drinking behaviors were analyzed in 4,592 recent drinkers.Participants anonymously completed a survey as part of a universal alcohol abuse prevention program between September 2007 and April 2008.Co-occurring disordered eating behaviors and binge drinking characterized 17.1% of males and 19.0% of females. (
  • This was followed by re-exposure to ethanol for the next 10 days to simulate the relapse-like ethanol drinking behavior. (
  • We report here that ceftriaxone at higher dose has been found to be effective in the attenuation of relapse-like ethanol-drinking behavior in chronic ethanol intake model. (
  • The researchers found that 7 percent binged at least twice and 9 percent less than twice the age/gender-specific thresholds, while 14 percent drank less than the binge thresholds. (
  • The researchers looked at both the average amount of alcohol consumed per week and the frequency of drinking. (
  • For years, researchers have sought answers as to why alcohol produces such radically different outcomes for drinkers - how is it that some individuals can drink for their entire adult life without developing compulsive habits, while others transition quickly to problem drinking? (
  • Using cellular-resolution calcium imaging and miniature microscopes, the researchers tracked the luminescence of the activity in neurons during the very first time the subjects drank alcohol. (
  • Interestingly, the differences in neural activity were observed during the very first drinking experience, well before compulsive behaviors emerged, allowing researchers to predict ahead of time which subjects would go on to display problem drinking behaviors. (
  • The researchers compared the behavior of homosexuals (and practicing bisexuals) to heterosexual high school youth from September 2014 to December 2015. (
  • The researchers restricted the analyses to the 11,739 students who were aged 19 or older (the oldest age category in which respondents reported first having gotten drunk). (
  • The researchers were interested in whether the students' misperceptions about drinking on their campus -- whether they under- or over-estimated the number of students engaged in problem drinking -- impacted their drinking behavior. (
  • The researchers also surveyed the students about their perceptions of their friends' drinking as it related to their own drinking behavior. (
  • The researchers did not find enough statistical evidence to suggest a relationship between the survey respondents' overestimating (or underestimating) the amount of drinking by a 'typical' student and their actual drinking behavior. (
  • They were surveyed by the researchers about how often they drank sport and energy drinks. (
  • The researchers then concluded that on an average, teens who consumed sports and energy drinks at least once a week smoked cigarettes, played more hours of video games, drank more servings of sugar-sweetened beverages. (
  • Of those, 541 reported having a choice of multiple alcohol brands the last time they drank and researchers wanted to know why they chose the brand they did. (
  • The researchers also examined whether different reasons for selecting a brand of alcohol were associated with riskier drinking behaviors. (
  • The president also offered his first public account of the circumstances of Puliafito's abrupt resignation in the middle of the spring 2016 term, writing that he stepped down after Provost Michael Quick confronted him with new complaints about his behavior. (
  • Children 14 and under killed in drunk-driving crashes in 2016. (
  • In fact, on average over the 10-year period from 2006-2016, more than 10,000 people died every year in drunk-driving crashes. (
  • In every State, it's illegal to drive with a BAC of .08 or higher, yet one person was killed in a drunk-driving crash every 50 minutes in the United States in 2016. (
  • In 2016, 21 percent of males were drunk in these crashes, compared to 14 percent for females. (
  • These results take into account a number of variables related to early drunkenness and change little when students' frequency of binge drinking and alcohol dependence are included as controls. (
  • Selfwatching is a manual of behavioral techniques for combating addictive and compulsive behaviors. (
  • A comprehensive understanding of how these factors are related to water intake may help identify populations and associated attitudes and behaviors amenable to intervention. (
  • 7 - 10 Given the interactions between alcohol and trauma, screening and intervention for at-risk drinking behavior are important components of injury prevention and public health. (
  • To examine intervention preferences of primary care patients who recently screened positive for tobacco use and at-risk drinking. (
  • At the one month follow-up, most students (82 percent) reported drinking less than before the intervention. (
  • These drinkers reduced their average alcohol intake by 25 percent after the intervention but returned to baseline drinking levels over a year. (
  • Interestingly, these drinkers reduced their drinking by almost half post-intervention and maintained that level on average at the one-year mark. (
  • The featured report focused on the amount of drinking in a typical week at the final follow-up 34 months after pre-intervention baseline assessments. (
  • What led combined-intervention pupils to drink less was investigated by looking at the degree of self-control and parental limit-setting pupils had reported in the preceding follow-ups 10 and 22 months after baseline, satisfying a key requirement for establishing one thing caused another: cause must come before effect. (
  • The behavior and school performance of the students who received the full intervention was significantly better than the control group, while students who received the abbreviated intervention differed little from the controls. (
  • The intervention program was not successful in altering all negative behaviors, said Hawkins. (
  • There is an increasing emphasis on prevention of injuries and dangerous behaviors in health care and public health," said Dr. Williams, the main contributing author of the study. (
  • Drinking can lead to risky and dangerous behaviors. (
  • The effects of merit-based financial aid on drinking in college ," Journal of Health Economics , Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 137-149. (
  • Ralph Hingson, Sc.D., M.P.H., and Wenxing Zha, Ph.D., both from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in Bethesda, Md., used data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (15,624 high school students grades 9 to 12) to assess associations of drinking with health-risk behaviors. (
  • Research on the health consequences of alcohol needs to incorporate changes in drinking behaviour over the life course. (
  • This discussion paper resulted in the publication 'Wealth and Health Behavior: Testing the Concept of a Health Cost' (2014). (
  • This paper seeks to explain this phenomenon by developing a theory of health behavior, and exploiting both lottery winnings and inheritances to test the theory. (
  • Why the Rich drink more but smoke less: The Impact of Wealth on Health Behaviors ," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-035/V, Tinbergen Institute. (
  • Regular binge drinking is defined by public health officials as "a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels to 0.08 g/dL. (
  • No one is to blame for wanting to experiment with alcohol and other substances, but the phenomenon of binge drinking and substance abuse in college distorts our conception of health and is only getting worse. (
  • I learned that the proper way to have fun in college was through drinking and substance use, but since I have been teaching with PHE, I have been trying to deconstruct these lessons and remind myself that health and fun look different for many different people. (
  • Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic characteristics and health-related behaviors and attitudes associated with self-reported drinking water intake of less than 4 cups per day. (
  • Health risks (eg, dental caries, obesity) associated with intake of high levels of calorically sweetened beverages (eg, regular soda, fruit drinks, sports drinks) decrease when plain drinking water is substituted for these beverages (1,2). (
  • The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 encourages adults to drink water as a healthful means of hydration, and public health organizations and others are bringing this message to communities (10-13). (
  • Although water intake has been associated with individual factors (eg, physical activity, age), little is known about how water intake is related to other food- and health-related behaviors and attitudes (14-17). (
  • For example, clinical or public health messages about water intake could be bundled with messages about associated health behaviors. (
  • The purposes of our study were to use a data set with varied information on behaviors and attitudes to quantify daily drinking water intake, to identify sociodemographic and health characteristics associated with low water intake, and to describe the association of food- and health-related behaviors and attitudes with low drinking water intake. (
  • This reality is one colleges and universities should recognize with appropriate alcohol policies that ensure the health and well-being of students, even when drinking is involved. (
  • What Explains Differences in Smoking, Drinking and Other Health-Related Behaviors? (
  • We explore economic model of health behaviors. (
  • Most prominently, the correlation of different health behaviors across people is virtually zero, suggest that standard factors such as variation in discount rates or the value of life are not the drivers of behavior. (
  • Cutler, David M. and Glaeser, Edward L., What Explains Differences in Smoking, Drinking and Other Health-Related Behaviors? (
  • These reports have outlined the potential impact of binge-drinking behavior from a health, economic, and social perspective, but no mention has been made on the potential teratogenic effect of alcohol. (
  • The rates of both health-risk behaviors were significantly higher for those reporting risk factors, and the strengths of associations varied by sex. (
  • Parental support was protective against both health-risk behaviors for both sexes. (
  • The Add Health cohort has been followed into young adulthood with four in-home interviews, most recently in 2008, when the samples were aged 24-32, just emerging into adulthood and more likely to have opportunities for drinking and sexual behaviors. (
  • Binge drinking on university campuses is associated with social and health-related problems. (
  • A female health professional, who the complainant remembered as being very drunk at the dinner, subsequently entered the bar and started talking to the Otsuka employees. (
  • Eventually after a number of drinks having being bought by the male in question for the female health professional they left the bar within minutes of each other. (
  • However, what is driving these behaviors from a health psychological perspective is not well understood. (
  • Brand Ambassadors and Copycats reported consuming the largest amount of alcohol and were most likely to report both heavy episodic drinking and negative alcohol-related health consequences, such as being injured while drinking or suffering an injury serious enough to require medical attention. (
  • Article written by Only health news Although it's one of the last things a parent would want to face, it's not unheard of for children to get caught up in behaviors that result in arrest and criminal charges being leveled against them. (
  • This includes water contained in food (i.e., it is not essential to drink 1-2 liters of water a day for survival, though it is often recommended for good health). (
  • This study examined the role of positive and negative alcohol expectancies and PTSD symptoms in drinking behavior in a comorbid female sample. (
  • Negative expectancies related to negative changes in social behavior associated with drinking days and cognitive and motor impairment associated with problems. (
  • Both the general positive expectancies score and specific global positive change subscale were uniquely associated with drinking and alcohol-related problems days after controlling for PTSD symptom severity and negative expectancies scores. (
  • The authors investigated binge drinking, alcohol expectancies, and risky and protective drinking behaviors in relation to disordered eating behaviors in male and female college students.The full sample consisted of 7,720 undergraduate students, 18 to 22 years of age. (
  • Bilateral electrolytic lesions in the suprachiasmatic nuclei permanently eliminated nocturnal and circadian rhythms in drinking behavior and locomotor activity of albino rats. (
  • Rats injected with the antagonist exendin-9 (Ex-9) drank more fluid in response to either subcutaneous hypertonic saline or water deprivation with partial rehydration than did vehicle-treated rats. (
  • Long-term voluntary alcohol intake induced a decreased saccharin preference in virgin female rats and a significant reduction in maternal care, with respect to control dams, although the intermittent drinking produced a greater impairment than the continuous-access paradigm. (
  • Chronic intermittent ethanol vapor exposure (CIE) in rodents produces reliable and high blood ethanol concentration and behavioral symptoms associated with moderate to severe alcohol use disorder (AUD)-for example, escalation of operant ethanol self-administration, a feature suggestive of transition from recreational to addictive use, is a widely replicated behavior in rats that experience CIE. (
  • Male Wistar rats were allowed to drink an 18% sucrose solution. (
  • Impulsive Behavior, Drinking Decline in Early. (
  • The longitudinal study found that as teens become young adults, many -- but not all -- will find that their tendency toward impulsive behaviors decreases, along with the amount of alcohol they consume. (
  • People who have this disorder have novelty-seeking behavior, and impulsive behavior as well. (
  • Contemporary dual-process models of alcohol abuse propose that alcohol abuse develops because of dysfunctions in the impulsive system, which generates automatic impulses to drink alcohol, and disruptions in the reflective system, which becomes unable to inhibit the influence of these automatic impulses. (
  • We hypothesized that advice would vary by whether students were asked about drinking and their drinking, bingeing, and drunkenness frequency. (
  • The curriculum doesn't tell the students whether they should or shouldn't drink, but tries to educate them about the consequences of substance abuse so they can make informed decisions. (
  • Most of the students ask me about my own experiences with drinking. (
  • I answer them honestly, but even when I tell my students about my own drinking, I neglect to include the poor decisions I've made personally with alcohol, like forgetting people's names right after I met them or breaking my leg. (
  • Certainly this campus is aware that blacking out and binge drinking are so normalized that some students don't even feel like going to a party is worth it if they aren't extremely intoxicated. (
  • Incoming college students are never surprised to see drinking on a college campus. (
  • However, binge drinking is about more than just that number - it is indicative of a larger problem with the way college students think about relieving stress. (
  • Binge drinking and blacking out are supposed to be liberating for college students, like these actions give them powers they don't have when they are sober. (
  • In total, 37.9 percent of the students reported drinking at least one sports drink per week, while 14.7 percent did the same in terms of energy drinks. (
  • Students of both genders who regularly consumed sports and energy drinks also viewed television for more hours per week, played video games more frequently, and drank a higher number of sugared sodas and fruit drinks, comparatively. (
  • It's an inevitable truth: College students are going to drink. (
  • These are attempts to stop students from drinking, and they suggest that students should not possess something simply because there is the possibility of abusing it. (
  • With this unclear policy, it is questionable how prohibiting certain items in a dorm room will motivate students to practice safe drinking practices. (
  • A policy like this that targets alcohol paraphernalia does nothing to protect students against the dangers of drinking. (
  • This rule against having alcohol paraphernalia in a dorm room is misdirected in trying to promote safe drinking, and will neither motivate more students to be cautious about drinking nor deter them from drinking. (
  • While the college is trying to curb unsafe drinking habits, the greatest impediment to educating students about safe drinking is the legal drinking age. (
  • If it were lowered from 21 to 18, it would encompass all college-aged students, and administrators could comfortably use the college experience to cultivate a culture of safe, responsible drinking. (
  • With the drinking age where it is, the college cannot truly claim to be doing anything substantive to educate students about drinking. (
  • It's not beer pong tables in dorm rooms that lead to binge-drinking habits - it's the legal drinking age and overbearing policies that influence students to drink excessively and secretly. (
  • In particular, students who drank alcohol in the past year were asked if they had missed a class due to drinking. (
  • More than 14,000 students completed the mail-in survey, which included questions about respondents' drinking habits and items that relate to criteria for diagnosing alcohol abuse or dependence. (
  • These factors were used as controls in logistic regression analyses examining the independent effects of the age at which students first got drunk on various outcomes during college. (
  • Nine percent of students in the sample met standard criteria for alcohol dependence, and 54% had binged (defined as having had five drinks in a row for men and four in a row for women) during the two weeks preceding the survey. (
  • In the multivariate analyses, students who had first gotten intoxicated before age 19 had elevated odds of having had unplanned sex because of drinking during the current school year. (
  • The regression analysis showed that the likelihood of having had unprotected sex increased steadily as the age at which students first got drunk decreased from 17 (odds ratio, 1.8) to 12 or younger (2.2). (
  • College students' drinking behaviors are influenced more by their perceptions of their friends' drinking behaviors than by social norms marketing campaigns that encourage students to 'go along with the crowd,' according to a University of Iowa researcher who studies college students and alcohol use. (
  • Social norms campaigns typically use statistics or facts to counter students' misperceptions about how much their fellow students drink -- posters or ads stressing that the majority of students are moderate drinkers or non-drinkers, for example. (
  • These campaigns are based on the assumption that students don't really know what the correct norm is, that they are likely to underestimate how many people are really drinking responsibly, and that a 'correct' message will change their behavior,' Campo said. (
  • Campo also found other studies that failed to show support for social norms campaigns or showed such campaigns correcting students' misperceptions but not actually changing their behaviors. (
  • Clearly, norms can have an effect on behavior, but my thinking was that changing students' behavior would more likely come from social pressure from their friends,' Campo said. (
  • Alcohol can still provide the social facilitation component that students want, which is a main reason why students drink in the first place,' she said. (
  • Students with low self-esteem, consumed more alcohol, had more sexual partners, and had more HIV risk-taking behaviors than other students (Gullette & Lyons, 2006). (
  • Extremely heavy drinkers, mostly men who play drinking games and are the least concerned about their drinking, were also the least likely to respond to any short-term counseling efforts, according to the yearlong study of 1,040 college students. (
  • More than 690,000 college students each year are assaulted by another student who has been drinking and 1,825 die each year from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (
  • Before the session, students were asked about their drinking behaviors, demographic information, peer drinking behaviors and whether they belonged to a fraternity or a sorority. (
  • The majority (76 percent) of students were relatively light drinkers, consuming about 16 drinks in their heaviest drinking weeks. (
  • In order to determine the factors that may predict this behavior, we collected information on alcohol use, alcohol expectations, and impulsivity from 428 undergraduate students attending a Canadian university. (
  • In the larger sample, 72% of students reported drinking at or above binge drinking thresholds on a regular basis. (
  • In one of the first comprehensive studies of college drinking, Henry Wechsler and colleagues (1994) surveyed over 17,000 US college students in 140 colleges and found widespread binge drinking, with 44% of students reporting drinking at binge levels. (
  • Binge drinking has further second-hand effects in that students who attend schools with high rates of drinking (even those who remain abstinent), are more likely to have property damaged, their study or sleep interrupted, the responsibility of taking care of a drunken student, or the experience of unwanted sexual advances ( Wechsler and Nelson, 2001 ). (
  • Currently, about 40% of college students binge drink (NCASA, 2007). (
  • The data from these survey is currently being analyzed, however, the hypothesis is that students who are funding their own college tuition (via employment or scholarships/grants) will drink significantly less than those who are not funding their own college tuition. (
  • And despite strong pushback from some quarters-including parents who challenged his authority to punish students for their behavior outside of school-Seamer refused to back down. (
  • In 1990, Education Week published a story about headmasters of several Washington-area private schools imploring parents to stop allowing students to throw large, unsupervised parties where "excessive drinking and sexual license are common. (
  • Frequent drinkers, bingers, and those drunk were more often advised to reduce or stop. (
  • Illegal drug and tobacco use, risky sexual and traffic behaviors, physical fights, suicide, less school-night sleep, and poorer school grades were reported at significantly higher percentages by binge drinkers of at least twice versus less than twice the thresholds versus other drinkers. (
  • THE rise in binge drinking in the young is a "fashion phenomenon" where drinkers are copying their associates' behaviour, new research has shown. (
  • In contrast, the neurons in drinkers predisposed for compulsive behavior quieted and decreased activity during drinking events. (
  • One of the smallest groups, only 3 percent, were the heaviest drinkers in the sample, with an average of 76 drinks a week. (
  • Personality seems to be most important in explaining alcohol drinking in early adolescence. (
  • The Brief Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire scale was used to measure the consequence of drinking for young adults. (
  • Do changes in social and economic factors lead to changes in drinking behavior in young adults? (
  • Higher levels of self-esteem were related to higher levels of binge drinking. (
  • However, the occurrence and severity of alcohol toxicity are related to the drinking pattern and the time of exposure. (
  • Adjusting for covariates (e.g., peer/parent drinking, youth sensation seeking, movie alcohol brand exposure), higher exposure to brand appearances in the television shows was associated with youth drinking. (
  • Aspirational and usual brand to drink corresponded to television alcohol brand prominence, and television brand exposure was independently associated with drinking initiation and hazardous drinking. (
  • Self-administration sessions were then reinstituted, and a fixed time (FT) schedule of 10% ethanol access was used to assess the effects of ethanol exposure and NPY on lever pressing and drinking behavior. (
  • Many studies of adults with acute and chronic solvent exposure have shown adverse effects on cognition, behavior and mood. (
  • No prior study has investigated the long-term impact of prenatal and early childhood exposure to the solvent tetrachloroethylene (PCE) on the affinity for risky behaviors, defined as smoking, drinking or drug use as a teen or adult. (
  • To determine whether the abnormalities in brain and behavior from prenatal ethanol exposure would pass transgenerationally, Huffman generated a mouse model of FASD and tested many aspects of brain and behavioral development across three generations. (
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages include any drink that is sweetened with any form of sugar: such as corn sweetener, corn syrup, dextrose, fructose, high-fructose corn syrup, honey, or sugar. (
  • Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with weight gain, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. (
  • According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the sports drinks are not advisable for the average young athlete as they hardly make any difference in them. (
  • Our objective was to describe the characteristics of people who have a low intake of drinking water and to determine associations between their behaviors and attitudes and their intake of water. (
  • We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 3,397 US adults who participated in the National Cancer Institute's 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey. (
  • Low drinking water intake was associated with age, region of residence, and several unhealthful behaviors and attitudes. (
  • One of the problems with social norms campaigns is that this approach has been touted as a magic bullet -- the idea that people will change their attitudes and behaviors if you give them the right message,' she said. (
  • It entailed a brief presentation from an alcohol expert at the first parents' meeting in each school year on the adverse effects of youth drinking and of permissive parental attitudes to drinking. (
  • Understanding characteristics associated with low drinking water intake may help to identify populations that could benefit from interventions to help adults drink more water. (
  • Research suggests one of the most effective ways to decrease partying behaviors is through interventions that provide normative feedback. (
  • Keck employees had complained repeatedly about what they considered Puliafito's hair-trigger temper, public humiliation of colleagues and perceived drinking problem, and many were adamant he be removed, according to current and former university employees as well as four letters of complaint reviewed by The Times. (
  • Abstinence and controlled drinking: Alternative treatment goals for alcoholism and problem drinking? (
  • However, she advocates a comprehensive approach to help curb problem drinking on college campuses rather than simply dismissing social norms efforts. (
  • Specifically, the problem of drinking-driving was strongly associated with decreased seat belt use, increased alcohol use, and an earlier age of initiation for alcohol use. (
  • My close friend from childhood, "Jake," is a kindhearted person with a drinking problem. (
  • I have learned that his drinking problem is not something for me to either fix or enable, so I do neither. (
  • We've made a way to make our friendship work despite your drinking problem, and let's stick with what works. (
  • When a child begins drinking before age 15, they are much more likely to become a long-term drinker, or problem drinker. (
  • Behavioural Economics and Drinking Behaviour: Preliminary Results from an Irish College Study ," IZA Discussion Papers 2883, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). (
  • Behavioural economics and drinking behaviour : preliminary results from an Irish college study ," Open Access publications 10197/591, School of Economics, University College Dublin. (
  • Behavioural Economics and Drinking Behaviour: Preliminary Results from an Irish College Study ," Working Papers 200704, Geary Institute, University College Dublin. (
  • Everyone in the survey was asked whether about the drinking behaviour of their friends, family and colleagues. (
  • The second part of the research set out to test whether 'imitation behaviour' or copying was sufficient to account for the binge drinking through applying a series of models. (
  • This suggests complex social networking and the behaviour exhibited through this is the root cause of binge drinking. (
  • However, if they could achieve this, triggering a reverse in binge drinking behaviour, the effect would be quite dramatic. (
  • Lead author, Dr. Annie Britton, from University College London said "Understanding how drinking behaviour fluctuates throughout life is important to identify high risk groups and trends over time. (
  • The programme seeks to widen awareness and educate individuals about responsible drinking behaviour by raising the social currency of moderation. (
  • Some of Kavanaugh's former Yale classmates reveal more into his belligerent and aggressive behavior when drunk. (
  • Children, meanwhile, were taught impulse control, how to get what they want without aggressive behavior, and how to recognize the feelings of other people. (
  • This study examines the associations between stress-related eating and drinking and obesity and the factors predicting this behavior. (
  • In the exceedingly stressful environments we face, there are so many factors working against us, from economic stress to drinking culture to academic pressure. (
  • The college and noncollege experience: A review of the factors that influence drinking behavior in young adulthood. (
  • The review gives clear recommendations on which behavioral factors to address with priority and corresponding behavior change techniques to be made use of in contexts where formative research is not possible. (
  • One of the major risk factors for diarrheal diseases is inadequate drinking water. (
  • The results demonstrate very weak income effects and very strong effects of personality, peer drinking (in particular closest friend), time preferences, and other substance use. (
  • These results show a novel role of the endogenous GLP-1 system in fluid intake, and indicate that elements of the GLP-1 system can be engaged separately by different forms of ingestive behavior. (
  • Ultimately, educators who celebrate, indulge, and cater to LGBTQ identities - which of course lead to high-risk LGBTQ behaviors such as anal sodomy between males - bear responsibility for the tragic results of embracing and practicing these immoral behaviors," LaBarbera charged. (
  • Results: Education was not related to binge drinking or self-esteem. (
  • Results: Patients drank 4 times more water and showed twice the levels of NPY in controls. (
  • Although many institutions use blood alcohol levels to determine at-risk drinking in trauma patients, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) offers a cheap and easy alternative. (
  • Effectiveness of the derived Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT‐C) in screening for alcohol use disorders and risk drinking in the US general population. (
  • The establishment of place preference would reflect the reinforcing consequences of drinking, while the amount of sucrose solution consumed would illustrate its rewarding properties. (
  • Ketamine and MAG Lipase Inhibitor-Dependent Reversal of Evolving Depressive-Like Behavior During Forced Abstinence From Alcohol Drinking. (
  • Recent studies utilizing contingent EtOH administration through prolonged two-bottle choice access have demonstrated depression-like behavior following EtOH abstinence in singly housed female C57BL/6J mice. (
  • In the present study, we found that depression-like behavior in the forced swim test (FST) is revealed only after a protracted (2 weeks), but not acute (24 h), abstinence period. (
  • Endocannabinoid levels were decreased within the BLA during abstinence compared with during drinking. (
  • This can be considered a case of binge drinking since most people that attend it consume three to five drinks in less than five hours. (
  • From family socialization theory, it is hypothesized in this study that parents, as models and as agents of socialization, influence the development of various types of drinking behaviors in their children. (
  • A second study focusing on Hispanic homosexuals in Miami found that they were twice as likely to drink, smoke, and use drugs. (
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem, alcohol use, and sexual risk behaviors. (
  • A large percentage of the sample for Study 1 reported lifetime and recent drinking game participation. (
  • Nearly three years later the study assessed how many had started drinking at least weekly or routinely started drinking heavily each weekend. (
  • Using data from a larger longitudinal study with Division III female athletes, we examined the test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change of the revised 7-factor Motives for Playing Drinking Games (MPDG) measure, and explored how its subscales were related to DGs behavior across two annual timepoints ( n = 49). (
  • Based on this study, we can't blame the sports and energy drinks at all for the higher levels of unhealthy behaviors. (
  • The study was published in the May/June issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. (
  • In a new study from Duke University, teens who see others drink alcohol or use drugs makes it more likely for them to exhibit antisocial behavior on the same day. (
  • My cat began to study and analyze my behavior when it came time for cleaning and refilling her bowl. (
  • Based on these insights, this study investigated whether individual differences in the ability of the reflective system to exert response inhibition moderate the relationship between automatic cognitive processes and drinking behavior. (
  • Sex differences also emerged in motivation for engaging in these behaviors. (
  • 001) to report indicators of high-risk alcohol use, such as more days drinking and getting drunk as well as riskier binge drinking episodes with more drinks per occasion. (
  • In light of these risks, the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma advocates screening for at-risk drinking. (
  • To compare the utility of blood alcohol level and AUDIT score as indicators of at-risk drinking in trauma patients. (
  • A blood alcohol level greater than 0 g/dL and an AUDIT score equal to or above 8 were considered positive for at-risk drinking. (
  • Performance of both tests was indexed against the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) criteria for at-risk drinking. (
  • Ninety-seven patients (44%) had a positive blood alcohol level, 70 (35%) had a positive AUDIT score, and 54 (24%) met NIAAA criteria for at-risk drinking. (
  • The sensitivity and specificity of having a positive blood alcohol level identify at-risk drinking were 61% and 62%, respectively. (
  • The sensitivity and specificity of having a positive AUDIT score identify at-risk drinking were 83% and 81%, respectively. (
  • As a stand-alone indicator of at-risk drinking behavior in trauma patients, the AUDIT score was shown to be superior to blood alcohol level. (
  • The utility of obtaining routine blood alcohol levels in trauma patients as a screening tool for at-risk drinking should be reexamined. (
  • What is not clear from the literature is how psychological variables affect risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample. (
  • Linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between the sexual risk behaviors, alcohol use and self-esteem. (
  • Sexual risk behaviors were related to self-esteem. (
  • Unlike previous studies, binge drinking was not related to sexual risk behaviors. (
  • Primary care patients who screened positive for recent tobacco use and at-risk drinking were eligible to participate in a one-time telephone-based survey conducted from August 2015 to December 2015. (
  • Data from patients who smoked cigarettes and met criteria for at-risk drinking in the last 30 days (N = 53) were included in the analyses. (
  • 2009). "Drinking-Driving and Other Risk Behavior" Report 11-2009. (
  • Securing the quality of water at the source level or switching to safe(r) water sources, where available, can also increase the quality of water consumed in settings where the origin of drinking water poses a significant risk. (
  • T-tests indicated greater aggregate reports of drinking on the IVR, whereas greater aggregate reports for the sexual risk variables were generated from the TLFB method. (
  • This heightened sensitivity may be the cause for the DRD4-7R carrying teens' higher risk for antisocial behavior when exposed to other people doing it, but more research is needed, says Russell. (
  • Drinking also creates a higher risk for depression , anxiety, and low self-esteem. (
  • Background: Emerging evidence indicates that consumers of alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) self-report lower odds of risk-taking after consuming AmED versus alcohol alone. (
  • The matched-frequency sample reported significantly lower odds of engaging in 18 of 25 assessed risk behaviors in AmED versus alcohol sessions. (
  • Regression modeling indicated that risk-taking in AmED sessions was primarily associated with risk-taking in alcohol sessions, with increased average energy drink (ED) intake associated with certain risk behaviors (e.g., being physically hurt, not using contraception, and driving while over the legal alcohol limit). (
  • Averaging 32 alcoholic drinks on their heaviest drinking weeks, these were mostly freshman males who reported more drinking by their peers and said they were less concerned with their drinking levels. (
  • The largest proportion of males and females who binge drink fall within the 18 - 29 age group. (
  • It is generally perceived that binge drinking is most prevalent in the Vodka Belt (most of Northern and some of Eastern Europe) and least common in the southern part of the continent, in Italy, France, Portugal and the Mediterranean (the Wine Belt). (
  • Repeated drinking binges and withdrawal from alcohol, therefore, may reinforce problematic drinking by damaging the very brain areas that mediate executive function and inhibitory control. (
  • Both boys and girls who drink at least one sports drink or one energy drink were also significantly more likely to have ever tried smoking a cigarette than their peers. (

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