The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of humans.
Sexual activities of animals.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Innate response elicited by sensory stimuli associated with a threatening situation, or actual confrontation with an enemy.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.
Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Activities performed to obtain licit or illicit substances.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The interactions between parent and child.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Interaction between a mother and child.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Sounds used in animal communication.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The selection of one food over another.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Female parents, human or animal.
The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Educational institutions.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
The consumption of edible substances.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The act of killing oneself.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A practice whereby tokens representing money, toys, candy, etc., are given as secondary reinforcers contingent upon certain desired behaviors or performances.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An induced response to threatening stimuli characterized by complete loss of muscle strength.
Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

Descriptive analysis of eating regulation in obese and nonobese children. (1/537)

Bite rate, sip rate, and concurrent activities of six 7-yr-old children, three obese and three nonobese, were observed at lunchtime over a six-month period. A procedure for decreasing bite rate, putting eating utensils down between bites, was implemented in a multiple-baseline across-subjects design. Sip rates and concurrent activities were observed to assess behavioral covariations. In addition, bite rate and amount of food completed were computed over six food categories to analyze food preferences. Results indicated the control of bite rate acorss all subjects, with a significant reduction in amount of food consumed. Correlations between the response classes indicated they were at least partially independent. Differences in eating behavior of obese and nonobese subjects were observed for breadstuffs and milk drinking.  (+info)

Modification of behavioral and neural taste responses to NaCl in C57BL/6 mice: effects of NaCl exposure and DOCA treatment. (2/537)

To investigate the possible role of peripheral gustatory responsiveness to changes in NaCl acceptance, we studied NaCl consumption and the chorda tympani nerve responses to lingual application of NaCl in C57BL/6ByJ mice. The mice were treated with 300 mM NaCl (given to drink in 96-h two-bottle tests with water) or with injections of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA; 33 mg/kg daily). Naive mice were neutral to 75 mM NaCl, but mice previously exposed to 300 mM NaCl avoided 75 mM NaCl. The NaCl-exposed (300 mM for 4 days and 75 mM for 2 days) mice had enhanced amiloride-sensitive components of the chorda tympani responses to 10-30 mM NaCl applied at room temperature (24 degrees C). DOCA injections increased acceptance of 300 mM NaCl, but did not change the chorda tympani responses to 100-1000 mM NaCl. However, the DOCA-treated mice had enhanced amiloride-sensitive components of the chorda tympani responses to cold (12 degrees C) 10-30 mM NaCl. These data suggest that peripheral gustatory responsiveness possibly contributes to the NaCl aversion induced by exposure to concentrated NaCl, but not to the DOCA-induced increase of NaCl acceptance.  (+info)

The effects of diet on the esterification of glycerol phosphate, dihydroxyacetone phosphate and 2-hexadecylglycerol by homogenates of rat adipose tissue. (3/537)

1. Male rats were fed for 5 weeks after weaning on a diet containing (by weight) 59% of starch or on diets that contained 39% of starch and 20% of either sucrose, beef tallow or corn oil. 2. The rats fed on the beef tallow consumed more energy than did the rats fed on the starch and sucrose diets. The rats fed on the corn oil drank less water than did the other groups of rats. 3. There were no significant differences between the four groups in terms of body-weight gain, epididymal-fat-pad weight and in the size, number and triacylglycerol content of the adipocytes in the fat-pads. 4. There was a significant correlation (P less than 0.001) between the activities of glycerol phosphate acyltransferase and monoacylglycerol acyltransferase in individual rats. Both of these activities were highest in the group fed on the high-starch diet and both correlated with the consumption of glucose by individual rats in the four groups. 5. The percentage of glycerol phosphate converted into diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol was positively correlated with the mean diameters, surface area and triacylglycerol content of the adipocytes for individual rats and was greates in the sucrose-fed rats. 6. The specific activity of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase was highest in the rats fed on beef tallow. This activity was positively correlated with the energy intake for all dietary groups over the 5-week feeding period. 7. The results are discussed in terms of the functions of the three routes of glycerolipid synthesis in adipose tissue.  (+info)

Impact of social interactions in the community on the transmission of tuberculosis in a high incidence area. (4/537)

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is transmitted by close contact with an infectious person. It is assumed that close contact occurs amongst household members and that contact outside the house is "causal" and does not play a major role in the transmission of TB. METHODS: This study was conducted in an impoverished area with a high incidence of TB and a low HIV seropositive prevalence. Thirty three households with 84 TB patients were identified between February 1993 and April 1996 and the transmission of TB was studied by combining Mycobacterium tuberculosis fingerprinting with in depth sociological interviews. RESULTS: Forty two strain genotypes were identified in the 84 patients. In 15 households all the patients had identical strains, in nine households all the patients had different strains, and in nine households some patients had identical strains and one had a different strain. In 26 houses at least one patient had a strain which formed part of a larger community cluster and in 12 of these households the patient(s) had contact with a community member who had the identical strain. In 58% of the cases the contact took place while drinking in social groups. CONCLUSION: In high incidence areas contact outside the household may be important for the transmission of TB. This contact often takes place during recreation which, in the case of this study of impoverished people, consisted of drinking in social groups. Social interaction patterns should be studied and understood for effective implementation of control strategies.  (+info)

Genetics of mouse behavior: interactions with laboratory environment. (5/537)

Strains of mice that show characteristic patterns of behavior are critical for research in neurobehavioral genetics. Possible confounding influences of the laboratory environment were studied in several inbred strains and one null mutant by simultaneous testing in three laboratories on a battery of six behaviors. Apparatus, test protocols, and many environmental variables were rigorously equated. Strains differed markedly in all behaviors, and despite standardization, there were systematic differences in behavior across labs. For some tests, the magnitude of genetic differences depended upon the specific testing lab. Thus, experiments characterizing mutants may yield results that are idiosyncratic to a particular laboratory.  (+info)

Cardiovascular changes associated with dehydration and drinking in unrestrained, lactating goats. (6/537)

The aim of this study was to investigate if the alertness connected with seeing water increased arterial blood pressure and heart rate to the same extent as the act of drinking, and if ingestion of warm water caused a different effect compared with ingestion of cool water on these cardiovascular variables. Seven goats of the Swedish domestic breed (Capra hircus) were used in a cross-over design. The animals were dehydrated for 24 h. They were allowed to watch water being prepared for 11-16 min, after which they were given access to warm (35 degrees C) or cool (15 degrees C) water. The goats drank 6.86 +/- 0.36 l of the warm water and 4.54 +/- 0.35 l of the cool water (P < 0.05) within the first hour. The arterial blood pressure, heart rate and activity of the animals were registered by an implanted telemetric device. Dehydration did not affect the cardiovascular variables, except before feeding in the morning, when the heart rate accelerated faster in dehydrated goats. Heart rate increased abruptly when dehydrated goats saw water being prepared, remained at the increased level during drinking and then slowly declined. It increased again during the afternoon feeding, to a level similar to that on control days, but between 18.00 and 06.00 h the heart rate was higher than during control nights. Blood pressure did not change when the goats saw water, but increased when they drank. On the morning following rehydration, the rise in heart rate in response to feeding was delayed compared with that during control and dehydration periods. It is concluded that seeing water caused arousal in the goats, resulting in an accelerated heart rate. The additional rise in blood pressure during the act of drinking appears to be a combination of excitement and sensory inputs from the pharyngeal region, causing a temporary activation of the sympathetic nervous system.  (+info)

Congenital renal dysplasia and psychogenic polydipsia in a Bernese mountain dog. (7/537)

Congenital renal dysplasia was tentatively diagnosed, based on ultrasound and an intravenous urogram, in a 5-month-old female with polyuria and polydipsia. Creatinine clearance measurement revealed that the renal dysplasia was not the cause of the polyuria. A modified water deprivation test eliminated other differential diagnoses and confirmed psychogenic polydipsia.  (+info)

Influence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine on chronic mild stress-induced anhedonia in castrated rats. (8/537)

1. S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) is the most important methyl donor in the brain and is essential for polyamine synthesis. Methyl group deficiency in the brain has been implicated in depression; on the other hand, polyamines enhance phosphorylation processes, and phosphorylation of functional proteins in neurons in involved in the therapeutic mechanisms of antidepressants. 2. The effect of SAMe in an animal model of 'depression', the chronic mild stress-induced anhedonia, was studied using long-term castrated male and female Lister hooded rats. 3. Chronic daily exposure to an unpredictable sequence of mild stressors produced, within 3 weeks, a significant reduction of the consumption of a sucrose solution. SAMe (100, 200 or 300 mg kg-1 daily i.m.) while having no influence on sucrose intake in non-stressed animals, dose-dependently reinstated sucrose consumption within the first week of treatment, both in male and in female stressed rats. Imipramine (10 mg kg-1 daily i.p.) produced a similar effect after a 3 week treatment. 4. Similarly, a palatable food reward-induced place preference conditioning was developed in SAMe (200 or 300 mg kg-1 daily i.m.)--and in imipramine (10 mg kg-1 daily i.p.)--treated chronically stressed animals (males and females), whilst it could not be obtained in vehicle-treated rats. 5. Moreover, the same doses of SAMe (but not of imipramine) restored the exploratory activity and curiosity for the environment (rearing), in the open-field test. 6. While imipramine caused a blockade of the growth throughout the treatment, SAMe produced only a transient growth arrest during the first week of treatment. 7. These results show that SAMe reverses an experimental condition of 'depression-like' behaviour in rats, the effect being more rapid and complete than that of imipramine, and without apparent side effects.  (+info)

본 증례는 좌측 복부 통증으로 내원한 55세 남자로서, 배설성요로조영술상 좌측 상부요관협착으로 진단되어 6개월간 매달 double-J 스텐트를 교체해오던 환자였다. 환자는 비만과 당뇨, 고혈압, 심근경색의 병력으로 인해 마취 위험도가 높아 요관부목 교체 시마다 입원 치료가 필요하였다. 환자가 영구적 요관부목 설치에 동의하여 척추마취하에 Memokath 051 (Engineers & Doctors, Copenhagen, Denmark)를 유치하였다. 수술 전 검사에서 혈청 크레아티닌치가 1.7 mg/dL로 증가된 것 외에는 일반혈액검사, 생화학검사 및 소변검사결과는 정상 범주였다. 배설성요로조영술상 좌측 상부요관에 2 cm 이상의 협착이 보여 C-arm fluoroscopy로 협착의 위치를 확인하면서 Memokath를 성공적으로 유치하였다(Figs. 1, 2). 수술 후 3일째 환자는 갑작스런 좌측 복부 통증을 호소하였고, 다시 시행한 ...
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Hi, When I scratch Lady in a particular spot near the base of her tail, she starts wagging her tail and licking the air. Im aware that repetitive lip licking can be a sign of submission, anxiety, and pain, but Im confused because neither she, nor my lab growing up, who did the same thing when scratched in the same spot, seem to be showing any of those signs. In fact, when I stop, Lady looks at me and then at her tail as if to say, hello? whyd you stop? Shes a submissive dog in
This deserves a honorary mention. Supergirl Gina licks the creamy asses clean without any problem. Delighted she has her own asshole filled while a big dick enters her soaking cunt. On to the finals! ...
Theres a key to cunnilingus that most guys or girls leave out of their practice. Too bad, because this technique leads to multiple orgasmic quivering… ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) in human ventricle increased gene expression of ANP in dilated cardiomyopathy. AU - Saito, Yoshihiko. AU - Nakao, Kazuwa. AU - Arai, Hiroshi. AU - Sugawara, Akira. AU - Morii, Narito. AU - Yamada, Takayuki. AU - Itoh, Hiroshi. AU - Shiono, Shozo. AU - Mukoyama, Masashi. AU - Obata, Kenji. AU - Yasue, Hirofumi. AU - Ohkubo, Hiroaki. AU - Nakanishi, Shigetada. AU - Imura, Hiroo. PY - 1987/10/14. Y1 - 1987/10/14. N2 - Tissue levels of atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP) messenger RNA (ANPmRNA) and ANP in the human atrium and ventricle were measured simultaneously by the blot hybridization technique and the specific radioimmunoassay for ANP. Hearts were obtained from two patients without cardiac complications and from a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) at autopsy. Total RNA extracted from ventricles contained a hydridizing RNA band of the same size as atrial ANPmRNA in both control and DCM hearts. The ANPmRNA level in the control ...
Wholesale Dog Water Bowl - Select 2017 high quality Wholesale Dog Water Bowl products in best price from certified Chinese Dog Plastic Bowl manufacturers, Pet Water Bowl suppliers, wholesalers and factory on
The methodologic strengths of the study by Shuster and colleagues are the randomized controlled trial design and the large number of patients from different areas of the United States. The weaknesses are related to the lack of details that may permit exploration of alternative explanations for the finding of an effect of the advice regarding soft drinks. Although not stated in the article, the physicians were blinded to allocation. The success of the blinding was dependent on the unblinded patients silence. The role of co-intervention is uncertain. Patients may have been given dietary advice regarding calcium, oxalate, flesh protein, vitamin D, and fluid consumption. Strauss and colleagues (1) reported that patients who formed stones and remained free of recurrence had a greater increase in urine volume than those who had recurrences. Treatment with thiazides and allopurinol are effective in decreasing the 3-year probability of recurrent stone disease from 55% in control groups to 15% to 25% in ...
Heavy-Duty Gripwell Back Plate is made of powder-coated steel and will securely fasten the bowl to round or square posts. For AU82-P-SF, AU82-C-SF high flow cattle bowls and MWB-M Mini-Bowl. Fits 1
When youre out and about at a dog park or on an outdoor adventure, its convenient to spot a communal water bowl available to hydrate your precious pup. However, communal water bowls come with some hidden risks. Your dog may be lapping up bacteria, viruses, or parasites when they quench their th...
Paper:Memokath 044 Stent for the Treatment of Recurrent Bulbar Urethral Strictures , Author:Magdy Ahmad Alsayed EL-Tabey , Year:2012 , Faculty of Medicine ,Department of UROLOGY ,Benha University
Wetnoz Zen Collection Medium Rose Pet Bowl and Water Bowl in Dog Supplies from Only Natural Pet Store: $31.99. Not only a wonderful design accent for your home; these bowls are also ergonomically...
silver (metal), More details This silver water bowl with a cover is adorned with the same kind of large floral motifs found on the Indian ebony cabinet (elsewhere in this gallery). The set was made in Batavia, where Indian craftsmen further developed the floral style. The bowl was likely used to serve cold water. ...
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The number one question that clients ask me is: if my dog/cat needs flower essences, how do I give it to him and make sure the other dogs/cats dont get it?. Dont worry! If you have one animal that needs essences, just put the drops in the water bowl. Its okay if the other animals drink from the same water. A flower essence will never have a negative effect, it just wont have any effect if the other animal does not need them. If another animal does resonate with one or more of the essences, thats okay as well. They will get what they need.. A fun thing to do is make two water bowls: one with the essences in it and one without the essences, so every animal has the choice to drink what feels best.. Read More ...
Higher coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of death, according to research presented today at ESC Congress.1 The observational study in nearly 20 000 participants suggests that coffee can be part of a healthy diet in healthy people.
Camera Angles Lick! How to play a blues lick over an A7 or A minor chord. This lick uses triplet, but you can just as well play it straight, with no triplet feel. Experiment with where you start the lick - i ...
If you purchased an e-collar, your pet should wear it at all times, especially when youre not looking. Put it over their head, small end first. The e-collar is adjustable, so please check the fit. You dont want it to be too tight, but you also dont want your pet to be able to push it off. Your pet will not like wearing it, but its for their own good. If they struggle with the collar at first, do not panic and take it off. Give them a chance to adjust. You can use your pets own collar to help keep it on. Also make sure they can get to their food and water bowl with it on. At least a week post-surgery, your pet will likely be ready to go without the e-collar. When it is first taken off, be sure to have time to spend with your pet to make sure he/she doesnt lick excessively or chew at the incision ...
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Im not certain this is a health issue, but as Brenda is a 15 year old cat and Im an overprotective mother Id appreciate any advice you can give. When Brenda goes to drink her front paws jerk/twitch one at a time and at least once each but sometimes more. They jerk enough that she can inadvertently kick nearby objects including the water bowl itself. It doesnt seem to deter her from drinking at all but I hadnt noticed her doing it until recently so it worries me a bit even though she is
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The investigation of ingestive conduct is that zone of science gave to investigation of the exercises that achieve nourishment and liquid admission; i...
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Or, what happened after our author finished eating. Several months ago, Bugsys back legs had given out; so when Maxie came at him with his sharp incisors showing, Bugsy couldnt do what he and the other two rabbits had been doing-which was RUN.. Bugsys only response was to lick Maxie with all his might. Maxie decided, this is great! After that he went around trying to induce the other two to lick him as well. No way did they want to get close to that nippy little mouth. Up til then, four-pound Maxie even had eight-and-a-half-pound Bradley buffaloed. Bradleyd get this expression on his face that read, Hes little and hes MEAN! I began feeding the four of them together-with LOTS of supervision. I also moved Maxies enclosure into the bunnies room.. Between fence fighting and lying-side -by-side divide by an X-pen-and regularly scheduled, carefully managed meals together (which sometimes ended in mouthful of fur for dessert)-Maxies animosity wore down, and he attacked Connie and Bradley ...
My Russian Blue Mix is 5 years old, Ive noticed for a while now that he licks wall. He will sit there and lick a wall for hours if I let him. I of course
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Whats a healthy meal without a great bowl to eat out of? PetCareRx is your answer to dog bowls and other great pet supplies and products
Whats a healthy meal without a great bowl to eat out of? PetCareRx is your answer to dog bowls and other great pet supplies and products
Ive found a secret weapon that helps eliminate sugar before it turns to fat. VitaTaste by Sunrider reduces absorption of the sugars by the body.
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While its not in our inventory of new Lexus cars yet, the 2018 Lexus LS was featured in a creative commercial that aired during the Super Bowl.
The Super Bowl is always defined by numbers, this one perhaps more than others because theres one number - positive tests for COVID-19 this week - that no one wants to see.
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and LSU comes away with a big Sugar Bowl win. LSU defeated Notre Dame 41-14 in the Sugar Bowls return to the Superdome, and handed Notre Dame its ninth straight bowl loss which
Dialysis is one of the methods of treatment available for those in the last stages of renal failure. It is also the most common renal failure treatment. This is because in order to be eligible for a transplant you have to meet several strenuous criteria and a matching kidney must be available to you. While waiting for a kidney transplant, people must undergo dialysis in order to keep dangerous toxins from building up in the blood. Dialysis creates a significant lifestyle change for the individual who must undergo the process. In most cases, the patient will have to attend a dialysis appointment at least 3 days per week, and the treatment itself can last upwards of 3 and even 4 hours.. There are two different types of dialysis available for renal failure. The first type is hemodialysis and the second is Peritoneal Dialysis. Hemodialysis involves diverting blood through a special machine as it flows through the body. The machine then scrubs the blood, removing toxins that have built up, before ...
Microbial testing is crucial for identifying if water supplies could be harboring harmful levels of bacteria, yeast or mold. A total aerobic bacteria plate count, also called APC or TPC, is an inexpensive test which indicates the cleanliness of a water system but does not necessarily provide information on whether the bacteria is good or bad.. Test the source and test the water at the bird level. Counts greater than 10,000 colony forming units (cfu)/ml suggest the system has potential for harboring pathogens.. Take care when pulling water samples for microbial evaluations to prevent contamination from the air as the air in a chicken house could be loaded with bacteria.. Do not sample directly in front of a running fan but find a location that is out of direct air movement.. Utilize a sterile container, clean the water line opening (faucet) or nipple drinker with 91% rubbing 2 alcohol, let the water run for 20-30 seconds (activate nipple drinkers with sterile tweezers), then collect the sample. ...
Although several studies have estimated the effect of sugar sweetened beverages taxes on household purchases, very few examples using individual level self-reported consumption data are available. To our knowledge, only Philadelphia and Berkeley have used a similar approach. In Philadelphia, a telephone survey was used to estimate changes in consumption of sugar sweetened drinks; the results showed that the odds of daily soda consumption decreased by 40% after implementation of the tax.34 In Berkeley, three studies included measures of self-reported sugar sweetened drinks consumption. One used 24 hour beverage recall surveys before and after the tax (collected in the same months one year apart) and found that consumption had fallen 21% eight months after the tax was implemented, but the study was insufficiently powered to detect an effect.11 Another study interviewed shoppers in low income neighbourhoods in Berkeley using a short beverage frequency measure. This study found that consumption of ...
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Almost every reptile needs a food or water bowl and often, your pet will need both and we have you covered with these stunning, realistic rock like bowls. Available in seven sizes, including some extra large bowls that have been designed for large snakes and monitors, youll be sure to find a size that fits just right.
He FJ, Marrero NM, and MacGregor GA. Salt intake is related to soft drink consumption in children and adolescents. A link to obesity? Hypertension. 2008;51:629-634.. The link between salt intake and fluid intake is well characterized in adults. The World Health Organization has estimated that reducing daily salt intake by half, to ∼5 g/d, would reduce fluid intake by about 350 mL/d per person. While intake of water is seldom of concern, much of the fluids consumed in developed nations contribute significant calories to the daily diet. Soft drink intake in children, in particular, is a concern due to the proposed link between intake of sweetened beverages and obesity. To determine a link between salt intake and soft drink consumption, He et al. analyzed data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey for young people in Great Britain. The survey, conducted in 1997, provides a representative sample of young people between the ages of 4 and 18 years.. Data from 1688 participants (837 girls) were ...
This is not exactly usual behavior, but your cat is definitely not alone in dipping its paws in its water bowl in order to drink.. Whether a cat will do this depends on the individual animal and the situation. Some cats are more tactile than others, and are more likely to use their paws sort of like hands instead of using their mouths. When it comes to the water bowl, a cat might be extra motivated to do this if theres something about putting its face in the bowl that it doesnt really like. Its theorized that many cats dont like the feeling up putting their head inside a bowl because their whiskers will brush against the side of the bowl, or maybe because it cant see its surroundings when its face is in the bowl, especially if the bowl is up against the wall.. Though I dont think this is a particularly concerning problem, it might be a good idea to try things to see if you can make the water bowl more appealing, so it isnt inclined to do this at all anymore, such as getting a bigger bowl, ...
Adjust the rate of fluid intake to race pace: slower race pace = slower drinking rate; maximum intake of 500 ml/hr (4-6 oz every 20 min) for runners with greater than 5 hour marathon finishing times (10-11 min/mile pace). Weight monitoring is also important: if you gain weight during your workout or event, you are drinking too much.. For a more highly motivated runner/walker who desires a numeric range, a fluid calculator can provide an estimate of body fluid losses as a generalized strategy for fluid replacement. Participants concerned about peak performance are advised to understand their individualized fluid needs through use of this fluid calculator but ALWAYS defer to physiologic cues to increase fluid intake (thirst, concentrated dark urine, weight loss) or decrease fluid consumption (diluted or clear urination, bloating, weight gain) while participating. It is also important to recognize that if you use this method in one climate and then travel to a different climate for your event, ...
Prevention: • Drink plenty of fluids, dont wait until thirsty • Drink small amounts and often • Avoid drinks that contain caffeine and alcohol which are diuretics • It is essential to replace the sodium lost through sweating Symptoms: • Thirst • Decreased urine volume • Abnormally dark urine • Unexplained tiredness • Irritability • Lack of tears • Headache • Dry mouth • Dizziness Manoj Choyal .  If the water in the body is balanced, the urine will be a pale straw or lemonade color. When water loss from the body exceeds water intake, the kidneys need to conserve water, making the urine much more concentrated with waste products and subsequently darker in color. Dark yellow urine is a sure indicator that the individual is dehydrated and that the fluid consumption must be increased. Certain medicines and vitamins may cause the color of the urine to change. If any of these have been taken, this test is unreliable.   Manoj Choyal . HEAT RASH ...
A total of 36 studies were included, with 1,279,804 subjects and 36,352 CVD cases. Duration of follow-up for incident CVD ranged from 6-44 years, with a median follow-up of 10 years. Twenty-one studies were conducted in Europe, 12 in the United States, and three in Japan. A nonlinear relationship of coffee consumption with CVD risk was identified (p for heterogeneity = 0.09, p for trend < 0.001, p for nonlinearity < 0.001). Compared with the lowest category of coffee consumption (median, 0 cups per day), the relative risk of CVD was 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.87-1.03) for the highest category (median, 5 cups per day), 0.85 (95% CI, 0.80-0.90) for the second highest category (median, 3.5 cups per day), and 0.89 (95% CI, 0.84-0.94) for the third highest category (median, 1.5 cups per day). Coffee consumption was nonlinearly associated with both coronary heart disease and stroke risks.. ...
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In the general population, habitual coffee consumption is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome, a syndrome that is rather common also in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, whether coffee intake is beneficially related to the metabolic syndrome also in type 1 diabetes, is not known. We, therefore, studied the potential association between coffee consumption and the […]
Environmentally friendly and easy to carry. Hang on your bag or inside your backpack for quick and easy retrieval when your dog is thirsty.. Flexible, foldable, non-break bowl to take with you on your journeys camping, walking or running with your best friend. Has a small hook design to attache a carabiner to allow hanging on the outside of you bag, which is great to dry the bowl naturally after use.. Comes in several different colors.. Product size: about 13 cm in diameter, about 5.5 cm in height, about 9 cm in diameter at the bottom of bowl. ...
Wheel thrown and hand crafted stoneware bowl featuring our Paw Print Medallion. Please note, since these are all individually made there may be slight variances in glaze, size and styling. 12 ounce capacity 5 1/4 wide x 2 tall Perfect for food or water for your pet Yes, you can eat cereal from it, we wont tell M
I m lucky to have two dogs, one small and one large, who can come galloping into the house from a hard romp, run to the water bowl, and drink their fill, and hardly leave a drop on the floor. I m reminded of how lucky I am every time my son s dog comes to visit - as I move the water bowl outside and grab the first of a series of dog towels from the bottom shelf of the linen closet, the stained, frayed-edge, holey towels kept just for dog baths and... well, this! Cole is incapable of drinking even a little without redistributing half of it around the kitchen. It wasn t such a big deal in summer - it s so dry here, the water would evaporate in no time. But now, with cold floors and me walking around in socks... Darn it, Cole!
In order to create the most natural habitat for your ig, you may want to use either astroturf or Repti carpet for the floor of the cage. Both can be found at most pet stores. I recommend PetsMart or Petco. You should put one or two sticks in the cage for climbing and basking. If you get sticks from the back yard or outside somewhere make sure you soak them in a bleach sollution for 24 hours (one part bleach, two parts water). Let them dry completly before placing them in the cage. Place two water bowls in the cage - one for drinking, and a larger one for soaking. This is not required, although it may make things simpler for you. Make sure you change water bowls daily. You will also need a food dish that is somewhat large yet shallow so your iguana can reach the food easily. You dont want too much clutter on the floor of the cage as this may stress the iguana. You want the ig to have plenty of room to walk around. You also may want to put some vines or plants in the cage (preferably plastic), ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes. Authors reply. AU - van Dam, R.M.. AU - Hu, F.B.. PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. U2 - 10.1001/jama.294.18.2299-b. DO - 10.1001/jama.294.18.2299-b. M3 - Article. VL - 294. SP - 2299. JO - JAMA. JF - JAMA. SN - 0098-7484. ER - ...
San Francisco-based fitness-tracking company Jawbone Labs has developed a free app that allows users to track their caffeine intake.
Has anyone ever had a dog with lick atrophy? My black lab has it or does it and it is so gross. Basically she licks and lick her legs until she has a...
People believe that a dogs mouth is much cleaner than the mouth of humans. This is perhaps the reason why some people would allow their dogs to lick their feet, their hands as well as their faces and mouths. When a dog licks the master, the dog...
Lick Granuloma or Acral Lick Dermatitis is a real challenge for us in the veterinary world. . .at least it was for me until I entered the Alternative Medicine world and found the core cause of this problem. Let me show you how to fix this without spending hundreds of dollars and wasting lots of time. . .
Molly and Blackie were going crazy! I moved the humidifier out just a little. Nothing. I pulled it out a little more....nothing! Finally I was like, okay Molly, get ready. I pulled it out all the way, and Jacob (good ol eagle eye) saw it go behind Moosies water bowl. It ran out a little bit from there, and kind of looked around frantically. I think it knew its time was limited. Molly got to it first and byebye mouse ...
An anonymous reader writes Those cups of coffee that you drink every day to keep alert appear to have an extra perk — especially if youre an older adult. A recent study monitoring the memory and thinking processes of people older than 65 found that all those with higher blood caffeine levels...
Reader Question: How To Stop Canines From Licking Their Paws? I have two male fawn pugs (ages 8 and 10, not related) with excessive paw licking. Their
We love it when our dogs show us affection by kissing (a.k.a. licking) our faces. But do you know what actually happens when your pup licks your face?
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Increased thirst, pet is drinking much more than usual. Excessive drinking is often accompanied by excessive urinating. Excessive thirst ca
If your kitty spends more time licking and scratching at her skin than she does napping or batting around her toys, something definitely needs to be done to give her some relief. Bring your itchy ...
Want to try ass licking? What does ass licking feel like? Here are how some people really feel about it and why they love it! Plus, some ass licking techniques.
One of the best parts about dogs is how affectionate they can be. Its almost like they can sense when were hurt or feeling down, and then try to help us with extra snuggles or kisses. But while well-intentioned, those kisses-well, licks-may not always be good for your health.
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There is nothing as cute as your dog coming up to you and giving you a slobbering wet kiss. However, after reading this, you might change your mind, as there
Find the answers to your pet health questions with Ask petMD, a free Q&A forum with answers from verified veterinarians and pet experts.
WebMD decodes a range of puzzling canine customs, from chasing their own tails to rolling around in unmentionables, Many quirky habits are normal in dogs, though a few may suggest hidden medical problems.
Most women want oral sex from their men, even the ones who protest that they dont. Some may feel that any woman who wont let her… ...
Find the answers to your pet health questions with Ask petMD, a free Q&A forum with answers from verified veterinarians and pet experts.
Betting is in the air as we approach Super Bowl LV. This is your guide to all things Super Bowl bet-related and how you can join in on the fun.
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Aquartes wide range of flavours-hibiscus-guarana-pomegranate, ginseng-apple, acerola-orange and chamomile-passion fruit-will quench your thirst and provide you with healthy nutrients.. ...
The program seeks to widen awareness and educate individuals about responsible drinking behavior by raising the social currency ... For example, many studies use gender-specific measures of binge drinking (such as 5+ drinks for men and 4+ drinks for women). ... of females drank at least 15/12 drinks (triple the threshold). A main concern of binge drinking on college campuses is how the ... "5-drink, 30-days" (5 standard drinks in a row during the last 30 days) definition, Denmark leads European binge drinking, with ...
Lantos, G.P. (2010). Consumer Behavior in Action. M. E. Sharpe Incorporated. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-7656-2911-1. Retrieved August 5 ... This is a list of breakfast drinks, consisting of drinks that are or have formerly been commonly consumed at breakfast. This ... Coffee portal Drink portal Lists portal Champagne breakfast History of breakfast List of breakfast foods List of breakfast ... "Effects Of Caffeine On Brain Function: How Drinking Coffee Wakes You Up". Medical Daily. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2018 ...
KO, Seungduk; SOHN, Aeree (July 2018). "Behaviors and Culture of Drinking among Korean People". Iranian Journal of Public ... approach to drinking translates to drinking one-shot at a time rather than drinking a little sip each time. Whether drinking ... Koreans believed drinking etiquette is important. When people become of age to drink alcohol, they are taught how to drink with ... They also like to make special cocktails like "bomb drink" or "poktanju". A "bomb drink" is a mixed drink similar to the ...
... sexual behavior, politics, and communities; and youth, aging, and the life course. The journal is co-edited by Annulla Linders ... drinking and drugs; health, health policy, and health services; mental health; poverty, class, and inequality; racial and ...
"Historical table of BGA Meetings". Behavior Genetics Association. Retrieved 2018-10-05. "Teen drinking predicts adult ... A founding member of the Behavior Genetics Association, he served as its president in 1999 and received its Dobzhansky Award in ... Behavior geneticists, American psychologists, Academic personnel of the University of Helsinki, American geneticists, All stub ...
One 2001 definition from the publication Psychology of Addictive Behavior states that five drinks for men and four drinks for ... Binge drinking, or heavy episodic drinking, is drinking alcoholic beverages with an intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy ... Bender is a word people use to describe binge drinking. [Ca 1945] binge drinking was considered to be a period of drinking that ... One study found that humans who drank at least 100 drinks (male) or 80 drinks (female) per month (concentrated to 21 occasions ...
Harrison worked with all the members of SEAZA to establish a written constitution that would guide behavior for zoos in ... These are as follows, • Animals should have access to sufficient food • Access to sufficient drinking water • Shelter to ... All animals should exhibit normal behavior. While these are universally defined health standards, differences in religious ...
Across all ages, the highest rates for alcohol abuse occur among persons 19 years old due to illegality of their behavior, and ... Teen drinking in high school is down 23% since 1983 when the minimum legal drinking age was enacted and binge drinking is down ... The legal drinking age varies from country to country. In the United States, the legal drinking age is currently 21. To curb ... Underage drinking is already common, but NHTSA spokeswoman Evelyn Avant believes that lowering the drinking age would lead to ...
... behavior is unknown. When used without a head noun, they appear as follows, with the prefix w- for numbers 1-5: wàttá, ùttá ... "I drink". Interrogative pronouns include agn "what?", tá̹jí̹n "who?", nɛ́gán "where?", cínàcɛ̀n "which (boy)?" There appear to ...
... "drinking urges/triggers." Once again different behaviors are characteristic of male and female. Males are "more likely to abuse ... indicated they had drunk within the past week." In regards to domestic drinking, "25% of the sample drank at least once per ... Drunk driving (or drink-driving in British English) is the act of driving under the influence of alcohol. A small increase in ... In terms of drinking patterns approximately 25% stated that "they had drunk alcohol with in the past day, while an additional ...
Barrows, Susanna; Room, Robin (1991). Drinking: Behavior and Belief in Modern History. University of California Press. p. 340. ...
Barrows, Susanna; Room, Robin (1991). Drinking: Behavior and Belief in Modern History. University of California Press. p. 340. ... ISBN 978-0-664-22589-6. For most of Christian history, as in the Bible, moderate drinking of alcohol was taken for granted ... it has been a major influence on the behavior, laws, customs, education, art, literature, and morality of Western civilization ... Some Christian denominations condone the moderate drinking of alcohol (moderationism), such as Anglicans, Catholics, Lutherans ...
Controversial Author Contends Drinking Is Modifiable Behavior". LA Times. Retrieved November 2, 2011. Peele, Stanton. "Herbert ... In his 1988 book Heavy Drinking, Fingarette challenges the disease theory of alcoholism popularized by groups such as ...
History of Alcohol and Drinking around the World. In: Wilson, H. (ed). Drugs, Society and Behavior, 25th ed. NY: McGraw-Hill, ... html Repeal of National Prohibition Drinking Learner Permits or Licenses Would Promote Responsible Behavior Says Educational ... A critic of the 21-year age limit on legal drinking in the United States, he supports the acceptance of drinking learner ... Binge Drinking. In: Hanson, G.R., et al. Drugs & Society. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett, 13th ed., 2014. Historical Evolution ...
Barrows, Susanna; Room, Robin (1991). Drinking: Behavior and Belief in Modern History. University of California Press. p. 340. ... We heartily favor moral suasion and the gospel remedy to save men from the drink habit. We believe that law must be an adjunct ... ISBN 978-0-664-22589-6. For most of Christian history, as in the Bible, moderate drinking of alcohol was taken for granted ... Most Christian denominations condone moderate drinking of alcohol, including the Anglicans, Catholics, Lutherans, Reformed and ...
Barrows, Susanna; Room, Robin (1991). Drinking: Behavior and Belief in Modern History. University of California Press. pp. 404 ... Alcohol is served at bars - the disguised women whisper to the men "touloulou thirsty", at which a round of drinks is expected ... Before Lent began, all rich food and drink were consumed in what became a giant celebration that involved the whole community, ... On Saturday, the King's procession and his concubines scandalize the town with their sexual behavior, the mysterious Moixo ...
This masking of intoxication then leads individuals to engage in behaviors that they would otherwise avoid if they understood ... Alcoholic drinks, Energy drinks, Caffeinated drinks, Caffeinated alcoholic drinks). ... Drink portal Alcoholic drink Caffeinated drink "Caffeinated Alcoholic Beverages". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... A caffeinated alcoholic drink is a drink that contains both alcohol (also known formally as ethanol) and a significant amount ...
... and contextual issues behind the drinking motives in young people". Addictive Behaviors. 31 (10): 1844-1857. doi:10.1016/j. ... They sometimes cite similarities between "adolescent" behavior and KZ syndrome (inmate behavior in adults in prison camps) such ... "to get drunk," 10%. In Hong Kong, female participants most frequently reported drinking for social enjoyment, while males most ... age tends to bring a greater desire to drink for pleasure rather than coping in both boys and girls. Drinking habits and the ...
5. Addictive behaviors in women. Totowa, NJ, Humana Press, 1995. McDonald M, ed. Gender, drink and drugs. Oxford, Berg ... Jenkins C. Sexual behavior in Papua New Guinea. In: Report of the Third Annual Meeting of the International Network on Violence ... Sexually aggressive behavior in young men, for instance, has been linked to witnessing family violence, and having emotionally ... are more likely to act violently when drunk because they do not consider that they will be held accountable for their behavior ...
... encompass all eating and drinking behaviors. These actions are influenced by physiological regulatory ... Carlson, Neil R. (2012). "Ingestive behavior". Physiology of Behavior. Pearson. p. 407. Inui, Akio (2001). "Ghrelin: An ... Carlson, Neil R. (2012). "Ingestive behavior". Physiology of Behavior. Pearson. p. 407. Inui, Akio (2001). "Ghrelin: An ... Savage, J.; Fisher, J.; Birch, L. (2007). "Parental influence on eating behavior". J Law Med Ethics. 35: 22-34. doi:10.1111/j. ...
Sex-Specific Alcohol Expectancies and Subjective Experience on Drinking Versus Sober Sexual Occasions". AIDS and Behavior. 20 ( ... Sexual behavior in women under the influence of alcohol is also different from men. Studies have shown that increased BAC is ... It is unclear whether the two are linked or the personality types of people who often drink large amounts of alcohol are more ... Drink portal Human sexuality portal Sex and drugs World Health Organization, Mental Health Evidence and Research Team (2005). ...
Makwana, S. (1979). "Field ecology and behavior of the rhesus macaque. Food, feeding and drinking in Dehra Dun forests". Indian ... Another submissive behavior is the "present rump", where an individual raises its tail and exposes its genitals to the dominant ... They drink water when foraging, and gather around streams and rivers. Rhesus macaques have specialized pouch-like cheeks, ... Ciani, A. C. (1986). "Intertroop agonistic behavior of a feral rhesus macaque troop in ranging in town and forest areas in ...
Capturing Habitualness of Drinking and Smoking Behavior in Humans. Ray L, Han D,Grodin E, Bujarski S, Meredith L, Ho D, Neto S ... Wassum has since begun to explore the regulation of learning and behavior at the epigenetic level to understand how histone ... In her postdoctoral work, Wassum studied dopamine dynamics in reward-driven behaviors. In 2012, Wassum found that phasic ... The Wassum Lab studies the neural circuits underlying reward learning and associated motivated behaviors and decision making. ...
... drinking or hand-to-mouth behavior; and dermal absorption, if the contaminant can be absorbed through the skin. Exposure to a ... Each of the exposure factors involves humans, either in terms of their characteristics (e.g., body weight) or behaviors (e.g., ... For example, exposure to byproducts of water chlorination can obviously occur by drinking, but also through the skin, while ... amount of time spent in a specific location, which affects exposure duration). These characteristics and behaviors can carry a ...
Drinking is not common behavior in pinnipeds and cetaceans. Water balance is maintained in marine mammals by metabolic and ... Unlike most other aquatic mammals, manatees frequently drink fresh water and sea otters frequently drink saltwater. In teleost ... Sharks, having slightly higher solute concentration (i.e., above 1000 mOsm which is sea solute concentration), do not drink ...
Johan's behavior changed and he began drinking and gambling. In 1813 he told Gesche that they were destitute and all the money ...
Variations in genes influence alcohol metabolism and drinking behavior. The reaction from ethanol to carbon dioxide and water ... "Polymorphism of Alcohol-Metabolizing Genes Affects Drinking Behavior and Alcoholic Liver Disease in Japanese Men". Alcoholism: ... Ethanol, an alcohol found in nature and in alcoholic drinks, is metabolized through a complex catabolic metabolic pathway. In ... which happens because acetic acid is excreted in the urine after drinking, then not nearly as much energy can be derived from ...
"Social and Psychological Influences on Emerging Adult Drinking Behavior". Alcohol Research & Health. 28 (4): 182-190. ISSN 1535 ... And if a child drinks, they have a better chance of being an alcoholic when they are older. That means they might get drunk, be ... This age varies between countries; for example, the legal drinking age for Australia is 18, whereas the legal drinking age in ... And if you drink too much you can die from injury or alcohol poisoning. It also kills brain cells over time, which can cause ...
"Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication". Genes, Brain and Behavior. 6 (1): 1-18. doi:10.1111/j. ... Rhodes was one of the developers of the Drinking in the Dark model in mice. In this model, a specific mouse strain is found to ... As a career project, Rhodes tries to understand the evolution of behavior by selectively breeding for hyperactivity in mice. ... His research has also shown that voluntary behaviors such as exercise could activate the same neurobiological pathways as ...
"Screening for at-risk drinking behavior in trauma patients". The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. 115 (6): 376- ... It is appropriate for screening for problem drinking in a doctor's office. CAGE questionnaire CRAFFT Screening Test Clinical ... quantity or typical drinking occasions, and consumption likely to cause impairment); Possible dependence on alcohol (Questions ... an effective brief screening test for problem drinking. Ambulatory Care Quality Improvement Project (ACQUIP). Alcohol Use ...
After drinking from the cup, the king handed it to Raynald. Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani (who was present) recorded that Raynald ... Raynald's behavior during the reign of Guy of Lusignan shows that the kingdom had broken up into "a collection of semi- ... Since customary law prescribed that a man who gave food or drink to a prisoner could not murder him, Saladin stated that it was ... However, according to Ernoul's chronicle, Raynald refused to drink from the cup that Guy of Lusignan handed to him. According ...
This essay in praise of chess and prescribing a code of behavior for the game has been widely reprinted and translated. He and ... Eat not to dullness; drink not to elevation." Silence. Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself; avoid trifling ... that the true value of a man lies in his moral behavior, not his class, and that all men can be saved. Franklin, steeped in ... progress from that greater clearness of head and quicker apprehension which usually attend temperance in eating and drinking. ...
They also do not eat or drink while hibernating, but live off their stored fat. Despite long-term inactivity and lack of food ... Earlier I gave an account (Condor, 50, 1948:45) of the behavior of a Poor-will (Phalaenoptilus nuttallinii) which I found in a ... "Seasonal movements and behavior of basking sharks from archival tagging" (PDF). Marine Ecology Progress Series. 248: 187-196. ...
We heartily favor moral suasion and the gospel remedy to save men from the drink habit. We believe that law must be an adjunct ... Any supposed faith that does not in fact lead to such behaviors is not genuine, saving faith." For Methodists, "true faith... ... Early circuit riders often arose well before dawn for solitary prayer; they remained on their knees without food or drink or ... and eat his flesh and drink his blood. The distinctive feature of the Methodist doctrine of the real presence is that the way ...
Analects of Confucius and Mencius are the basis of morality and the behavior of the sages. Your Majesty designs the curriculum ... wasting funds by buying excess food and drink, buying superfluous decorations, profiting by selling grain at market price, ... a behavior the examiners let slide owing to the greater weighting of the first two sessions. In some cases the examinees still ...
The policy offered too little-decennial tribute missions comprising only two ships-as a reward for good behavior and enticement ... it created strong pressure on the British-for whom tea had become the national drink over the course of the 17th century-to ...
In addition, these classes also taught dagongmei how to properly drink alcohol and play drinking games in a social gathering ... First-time female migrant workers were identifiable due to their simple appearance and inappropriate, mannerless behavior in ...
Holocaust survivors' views of Polish behavior during the War span a wide range, depending on their personal experiences. Some ... "Reports of romances, of drinking together in taverns, and of intellectual conversations are quite abundant." Wealthy Jews had ... "Accusing Jews of drinking Christian blood is expressly prohibited. If despite this a Jew should be accused of murdering a ... no detectable social pressure defining such behavior as the right thing to do, no informal social control mechanism imposing ...
According to Plutarch, the king then made a sacrifice and got drunk - essentially a running gag on Persian kings in Plutarch's ... writing, and thus dubious evidence for actual behavior.: 314 Whether the Achaemenids were Zoroastrians is a matter of much ...
The plot-line was resolved when Alfred Aardvark introduced Cthulhu to poker and drinking. Under the guise of being his drinking ... known for their churlish behavior) and other medieval/ancient sources made appearances (reflecting gaming cross-over by several ... It was a favorite drink of the Venturians, which says something one is reluctant to discuss about either screech or Venturians ... Drink and be Merry." [The floating "U" was originally a typographical error, the final letter of euphrainou which had become ...
Although reports of Gello's behavior are consistent, her nature is less determinate. In the 7-8th century, John of Damascus ... she is banished to the mountains to drink the blood of the drako; in another, she becomes a drako and in this form attacks ...
Initially it was suspected he had been drunk, but this was never proven. The Supreme Court reduced his sentence to 3 years. On ... the 16th of January 2022 he was released, after getting reduced time for good behavior. "Israel - M. Asefa - Profile with news ...
He drank some, turned his horse to flee, advanced two paces, and fell from his saddle. After that, little by little, he ... but the inhabitants were enraged against the Mamluks by their behavior in the city. It was at this point that Mughla Bey made ...
Drinks before dinner became a custom towards the end of the 19th century. As this new fashion caught on, the British took ... Eating behaviors of humans, Street food). ... These finger foods also allowed guests to eat while drinking ... A cocktail party is considered a small gathering with mixed drinks and light snacks. Hors d'oeuvres may be served as the only ... Prior to the First World War, American dinner guests would be expected to enter the dining room immediately where drinks would ...
He described how he weighed himself before and after eating, sleep, working, sex, fasting, drinking, and excreting. He found ... networks of biochemical reactions and produce more holistic mathematical models that may explain and predict their behavior. ...
Stewart ordered drinking water and food to be cast overboard to lighten her load and gain speed, trusting that her mainmast ... Constitution otherwise experienced an uneventful tour, sailing in company with Ontario and Nonsuch, until crew behavior during ... Again the crew suffered from dysentery due to poor drinking water, resulting in three more deaths by the time that she reached ... Constitution put into Maranhão on 2 April to offload her British prisoners and replenish her drinking water. While there, ...
Eating or drinking during labour is an area of ongoing debate. While some have argued that eating in labour has no harmful ... Fossard Ed, Bailey M (2016). Communication for Behavior Change: Volume lll: Using Entertainment-Education for Distance ... They therefore conclude that "women should be free to eat and drink in labour, or not, as they wish." At one time shaving of ... protocols and behaviors. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative includes a very rigorous credentialing process that includes a ...
She danced with the team for a week and was kicked off due to her mother's behavior. Afterwards, Sarah was trying to join both ... "Tuesday Cable Ratings: 'Pretty Little Liars' & 'Tosh.0′ Top Night + 'Rizzoli & Isles', 'Counting Cars', 'Drunk History' & More ... Christy Hunt, mother of Sarah H. She was not liked by the other moms on the show due to her aggressive behavior. Tracey Reasons ... the Junior Elite and the ensemble teams, only for her mother's behavior getting her kicked off once again. After season 4, ...
Slimer remained on the box well after the Real Ghostbusters was cancelled; but in 1997 the drink was renamed "Shoutin' Orange ... She promptly attracts the romantic attention of Peter, whose flippant behavior causes her to doubt her decision to seek aid ...
He did not drink, gamble, or carouse, and discouraged these behaviors in others. With his money he continued to buy available ...
Ross is drinking at a bar when it is suddenly attacked by the re-animated dead people of the town, led by Bob. Ross and two ... That evening, Emily finds Bob at a derelict garage exhibiting strange behavior. The supernatural apparition of Father Thomas ...
When he ended the affair, she attempted suicide on May 10, 1880, in his office by drinking poison. She was saved when her ... Both David and Althea were indicted by a federal grand jury on criminal charges arising out of their behavior in the courtroom ... and mentally unstable woman with a history of violent behavior who became a national celebrity when she sued millionaire ...
However, because of an unstable member line-up and the increasingly erratic behavior of the psychedelicized Tommy Hall and ... After his release Sutherland began to drink heavily. He continued to sporadically play music throughout the 1970s, occasionally ...
In 1964, he entered Imperial College London to study Pure Geology, play rugby, hockey and cricket, and drink the occasional ... and mineral behavior that are not addressed by established methods. Using Graph Theory, the topological characteristics of a ...
Her phone has not been used since; it was turned off around 4 a.m. At Green's, Sharpless and Johns began drinking along with ... Not long after leaving, Johns suggested to Sharpless, whose erratic and combative behavior had led Green to ask that they leave ... As the pair gathered their possessions and left the house, Johns, aware that she had had less to drink, attempted to take the ... some of them designed to catch deceptive behavior, for three hours. "[S]he was unbelievably distraught and I don't believe she ...
Water provision: Besides drinking water, rainwater is harvested from building roofs. It flows down gutters into a storage tank ... In the first two months there was an adjustment period for inhabitants' behavior. After this period, errors continued to be ... At each block, the local heat network passes through a heat exchanger to warm drinking water for household use and space ... In the driest part of the year, the rainwater must be supplemented with drinking water. Wastewater: Decentralized sanitation of ...
Each year many children and adults die as a result of a lack of access to clean drinking water and poor sanitation. Many ... These individuals are more likely to engage in behaviors that worsen health, such as smoke, have an unhealthy diet, and are ... "Drinking-water". Retrieved 2022-09-13. UNICEF (Water). Archived April 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Singh ... The issue of lead-contaminated water began after the source of drinking water was changed from Lake Huron to the Flint River, ...
"The more the commercial sex industry normalizes this behavior, the more of this behavior you get". Prostitutes have long plied ... They are called that because many also sell the popular Bacchus energy drink to make ends meet. State pensions of about ₩ ... Deviant Behavior. 41 (2): 160-185. doi:10.1080/01639625.2018.1556863. S2CID 150273170. "Adult Industry Terms and Acronyms". ...
While in London Pearl learns that Nehemiah cheated on her many times with Mag while drunk. He later has an affair with the ... and her exploration of behavior as a series of good acts or acts inspired by the Devil is consistent with his". Jill Grinberg ...
Mainly though, he just gambles, drinks a lot of beer, and consumes a lot of food. He is always broke and has to live in the ... He also used to work at the Palace of Turai, but was booted out for his drunken behavior. As the series begins, Thraxas is ... This development however has little effect on his behavior or reputation, and as the Orcs (thanks partly to his involvement) ...
Harm to others from drinking: patterns in nine societies  World Health Organization; Laslett, Anne-Marie; Room, Robin; ...
... information on the characteristics of consumers who drink water is limited. ... Increasing consumption of drinking water is a strategy to reduce energy intake and lose or maintain weight; however, ... drank 1 to 3 cups, 35% drank 4 to 7 cups, and 22% drank 8 cups or more. On the basis of χ2 tests, daily drinking water intake ... Behaviors and Attitudes Associated With Low Drinking Water Intake Among US Adults, Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey, 2007. ...
An evaluation of efforts designed to reduce how many sugary drinks we consume shows some success in changing younger peoples ... The government is also planning on introducing a levy on companies producing sugary drinks starting in April 2018 where drinks ... health consequences of drinking too many sugary drinks and targeting unhealthy diet behaviours and promoting water as a drink ... s estimated that children and adults get about a quarter of their sugar from sugary drinks and these drinks are linked with ...
... Researchers wanted to understand how likely a person is to ... They found that people who used tobacco but did not have alcohol use problems were more likely to increase their drinking than ... They also found women with both tobacco and alcohol use problems were more likely to decrease their drinking than women not ... At the state, territory, and local levels ICCPUD members work to reduce and prevent underage drinking & its consequences. ...
5.5m to a customer who got drunk and injured himself. Whos to blame? ... Yes, you are responsible for your customers behavior. In the case of the Fogata Mexican Grill, this was a $5.5m lesson that ... As a result, Rawls - who, according to the report, has a "history of excessive drinking," has twice spent time in jail for ... A Texas restaurant has been ordered to pay $5.5m to a customer who got drunk and injured himself. Whos to blame? ...
This paper uses data from the 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty service members to explore associations ... between alcohol culture and excessive alcohol use, serious consequences, risky driving behaviors, and productivity loss. ... any serious drinking consequences, risky driving behaviors, productivity loss due to drinking, absenteeism, and presenteeism. ... Correlations With Problematic Drinking Behaviors and Negative Consequences of Alcohol Use. Published in: Armed Forces & Society ...
Kevin Hart s excuse for bad Super Bowl behavior: I was super drunk ... As the comedian explained in his short video, being super drunk made him do one of the stupidest things he s ever done in his ... about the hazards of getting super drunk. ...
In Vino Pecunia? The Association Between Beverage-Specific Drinking Behavior and Wages ... the association between beverage-specific drinking behavior and wages. In our analysis, we disentangle the general wage effect ... When splitting the sample into age groups, the "drinking gain" disappears for employees under the age of 35 and increases in ... of drinking into diverse effects for different types of drinkers. Mincerian estimates reveal significant and positive ...
As a result, the development of an adequate model of drinking behavior (including both normal and pathological drinking) may ... That is, most contemporary models of drinking behavior assume that the consumption of alcohol leads to the loss of inhibitions ... due in large part to their unquestioning acceptance of certain assumptions about the effects of alcohol on human behavior that ... Yet it has become more and more difficult to reconcile this conventional wisdom with the empirical literature on drinking. ...
Our Kids as Lab Mice: Pondering Junk Food, Schools and Behavior. By Beth Bader / Last Modified: September 19, 2008 / 2 minutes ... 2023 Eat Drink Better, a Fixture Media property. All rights reserved. Our website services, content, and products are for ... Within the short period of the experiment, the mice on the diet of junk foods displayed lethargic and nervous behaviors. ... Nutrition Key to Aggressive Behavior, University of Southern California. The study showed that early malnutrition may lead to ...
That compared to 57 among kids who drank one serving per day, 58 among those who drank two servings, 59 among those who drank ... Children who drink soda tend to score slightly higher on scales that measure aggressive behavior than kids who dont drink the ... Previous work by some of the studys authors had found connections between soda drinking and violent behavior, but the link had ... Overall, 43 percent of the kids drank at least one soda per day and 4 percent drank four or more servings. ...
Comics Of The Weak: "Calling In Sick For A Drunk Person Is An Example Of This Kind Of Behavior". Ultimate Comics Avengers # 3. ...
Drinking can lead to risky and dangerous behaviors. ... school seniors in the United States have had an alcoholic drink ... Risky drinking - teen; Alcohol - underage drinking; Problem underage drinking; Underage drinking - risks ... This can lead to behavior problems and lasting damage to memory, thinking, and judgment. Teens who drink tend to do poorly in ... Underage drinking. Updated May 2021. Accessed ...
Findings imply needed changes in prevention approaches to reduce high-risk drinking. ... This study examined differences among four drinking behavior groups (non-drinkers, low-risk drinkers, high-risk drinkers, and ... This study examined differences among four drinking behavior groups (non-drinkers, low-risk drinkers, high-risk drinkers, and ... Anxiety and Depression as Comorbid Factors in Drinking Behaviors of Undergraduate Students in an Urban Private University ...
... ... Reasons and Obstacles for Changing Risky Drinking Behavior among Latinas at Risk of an Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy ... Title : Reasons and Obstacles for Changing Risky Drinking Behavior among Latinas at Risk of an Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy ... Obstacles included social obstacles, belief that drinking was not risky, and drinking to manage mood. Differences were found ...
Energy Drinks, Sugary Beverages, and ADHD Behaviors. As the Vermont legislature debates the possibility of a tax on sweetened ... On average, children drank 2.24 sweetened beverages per day. Students with higher levels of hyperactivity/inattention drank ... "Energy Drinks Cause Hyperactivity and Attention Disorders." Additionally, the strongest link with behavior appears to be with ... Tags: adhd, energy drink, sugar. This entry was posted on Tuesday, April 21st, 2015 at 10:39 am and is filed under ADHD, ...
End Drunk Driving End Drunk Driving. Leading efforts to eliminate drunk driving and working with others to end all impaired ... End Drunk Driving End Drunk Driving. Leading efforts to eliminate drunk driving and working with others to end all impaired ... Prevent Underage Drinking Prevent Underage Drinking. Leading efforts to eliminate underage drinking. ... Prevent Underage Drinking Prevent Underage Drinking. Leading efforts to eliminate underage drinking. ...
DBD222B - You drink 2% fat milk. Variable Name: DBD222B. SAS Label: You drink 2% fat milk. English Text: What type of milk was ... DBD222C - You drink 1% fat milk. Variable Name: DBD222C. SAS Label: You drink 1% fat milk. English Text: What type of milk was ... DBD222D - You drink fat-free or skim milk. Variable Name: DBD222D. SAS Label: You drink fat-free or skim milk. English Text: ... DBQ235A - How often drank milk age 5-12. Variable Name: DBQ235A. SAS Label: How often drank milk age 5-12. English Text: Now, ...
Drinking Water. EN. dc.subject.mesh. Cooperative Behavior. EN. dc.subject.mesh. Government. EN. ...
Tags:Actions, Behavior, Discomfort, Feelings, Headache, Logic. 3 Comments on Why Do We Feel Badly Reasons Why I Drank:. The sun ... Tags:Addiction, Behavior, checklist, Life, Reasoning, Wine. 2 Comments on Reasons Why I Drank: Teacher. I want a teacher who ... Tags:Alcoholic, Behavior, Bullshit, Drinking, Triggers Am I Sober or Am I In Recovery?. Whats the difference? Its BIG. Is ... The first is a change in outward behavior. Dont pick up a drink. TheContinue reading "Am I Sober or Am I In Recovery?" ...
Residents perception of drinking water can reflect residents drinking water behavior and willingness to a certain extent. It ... Access to safe drinking water is critical to health and development issues, and residents drinking behavior reflects their ... face questionnaires were used to investigate the drinking water behavior, sanitation and perceptions of drinking water among ... drinking water behavior; middle-aged and elderly; rural areas; unboiled tap water; willingness to use filters ...
Soda drinking tied to kids behavior problems: study Reuters. *Soda-drinking 5-year-olds are more aggressive, distracted Salt ... In order to evaluate the relationship between the sugared drinks and behavior problems, the researchers adjusted for several ... What makes soda-drinking kids so unruly? "Soft drinks are highly processed products containing carbonated water, high-fructose ... a 2011 study published in the journal Injury Prevention found that teens who drank more than five cans of soft drinks every ...
Many countries have implemented taxes on sugary drinks to reduce consumption. Anna Grummon, PhD, MSPH, discusses the latest ... How much do we change our behavior as the price of these sugary drinks increases? A number of studies have examined this ... Today, more than 50 countries have sugary drink taxes. Here in the US, seven different cities have these taxes. Im going to ... Today Im going to talk about sugary drink taxes and the potential for these taxes to improve health outcomes. An unhealthy ...
Even after 36 years in Japan, there are certain idiosyncrasies of the culture that leave me speechless.
Which age groups have the highest prevalence of suicidal behaviors?. Which occupations increase the risk for suicidal behaviors ... Lithium in Drinking Water and Incidence of Suicide: A Nationwide Individual-Level Cohort Study with 22 Years of Follow-Up. [ ... A family history of suicidal behavior represents a significant risk factor for the same behavior in offspring. Researchers ... Childhood bullying behaviors as a risk for suicide attempts and completed suicides: a population-based birth cohort study. J Am ...
FBI slammed for inappropriate behaviors in judging female agent trainees. Transportation & Infrastructure. Over 30K N.C. ... "You can drink it. We did drink it around the table, almost rituallike, in a funny way," he told the Senate Committee on Energy ... The first-term Democrat and former Denver mayor told a Senate committee on Tuesday that he actually drank a glass of fracking ... I drank fracking fluid, says Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper. ← return to Inside Politics ...
Are you high? This is Frankenstein behavior. How did you get Treason out of Ghost Writer? ... Are you high? maybe drunk? Because thatd explain lot.. Reply View in chronology. Make this comment the first word. Make this ...
  • This paper uses data from the 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty service members to explore associations between perceived alcohol culture and excessive alcohol use, any serious drinking consequences, risky driving behaviors, productivity loss due to drinking, absenteeism, and presenteeism. (
  • Drinking can lead to risky and dangerous behaviors. (
  • Alcohol use can lead to risky sexual behavior. (
  • This paper examines the links between risky health behaviors and labor market success. (
  • We provide new evidence on the joint relationships between the most prominent forms of risky health behavior − alcohol consumption, smoking and physical inactivity − and long-term labor market outcomes. (
  • The twin data allow us to account for shared family and environmental factors and to measure risky health behaviors in 1975 and 1981. (
  • We conclude that how and why risky health behaviors cluster and how that affects individual level outcomes call for more attention. (
  • Child abuse survivors are more likely to engage in risky behaviors because of toxic stress. (
  • Personality traits that predispose children to risky behaviors in high school may already be apparent in elementary school, even if the actual smoking and drinking don't come until later. (
  • YouTube's proliferation of unmonitored Food Dare Challenge videos, often with a plenty of laughing onlookers, seem to encourage teens to participate in this kind of risky behavior. (
  • sees that growing activity as reckless behavior that goes against the principles of prudent investing, Consumers are trading crypto now in a risky way that we're concerned about. (
  • Excessive alcohol use, especially binge and heavy drinking, represents a serious threat to force readiness across the Department of Defense. (
  • However, consuming large amounts of alcohol in a short period (binge drinking) is dangerous. (
  • This data visualization illustrates heavy alcohol use and binge drinking statistics amongst college age youth to inform colleges and communities. (
  • I feel that I have a little problem with binge drinking. (
  • Stephens listed binge drinking, alcohol poisoning, more frequent sexual assault, cyberbullying and suicidal thoughts as some of these dangerous behaviors that result from underage drinking. (
  • Is binge drinking a social problem? (
  • As binge drinking is relatively common, it underlies many negative social costs, including interpersonal violence, drunk driving, and lost economic productivity, as reported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA, 2000). (
  • Is binge drinking as harmful as alcoholism? (
  • Is Binge Drinking Considered Alcoholism? (
  • Binge drinking does not necessarily mean that a person is an alcoholic or suffers from severe AUD. (
  • However, binge drinking may increase the risk of a person developing AUD sometime in their life. (
  • Binge drinking, also a concern, is described as 5 or more drinks consumed by men within 2 to 3 hours, and 4 or more drinks consumed by women in that timeframe. (
  • Her own alcohol-related research has bridged the fields of neuroscience, immunology and pharmacology, including her latest work exploring binge drinking among teens leading to an increased 'sensitivity' to opioids. (
  • Just as the name indicates, this type of damage is meant to punish the driver for their reckless behavior. (
  • Reuters Health) - Children who drink soda tend to score slightly higher on scales that measure aggressive behavior than kids who don't drink the carbonated beverages, according to a new study. (
  • Aggressive behavior was measured on a scale between 0 and 100 - with higher scores indicating more aggression. (
  • Suglia said that although the increased aggressive behavior may not be noticeable for each child, it's moving all kids closer to the scale's clinical threshold. (
  • Intense feelings of anger and aggressive behavior can cause problems with those around you, with physical or legal consequences. (
  • Conventional explanations of drinking behavior and alcoholism suffer from serious inadequacies, due in large part to their unquestioning acceptance of certain assumptions about the effects of alcohol on human behavior that are rooted in moral prescriptions. (
  • And with lyrics worldly-wise, if not quite world-weary, Turner proves an insightful observer of human behavior, one who manages to transform adolescent tales of love and longing-those twin peaks of rock 'n' roll-into the basics of existential struggle. (
  • Trace amounts of lithium seem to improve human behavior in general, and no one knows why. (
  • It's really more of an opportunity to educate people in the community that there's some serious dangerous behaviors associated with underage drinking," said City Councilmember Kristin Stephens. (
  • Although sports drink consumption was linked to higher levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sport participation, the overall pattern of associations indicated that sports and energy drink consumption should be addressed as part of a clustering of unhealthy behaviors among some adolescents. (
  • In some cases, dry drunk behavior patterns might be part of a broader condition known as post-acute withdrawal syndrome . (
  • If your loved one is falling into dry drunk behavior patterns, your support and encouragement can help them learn to manage these symptoms and their impact. (
  • And that is part of an overall behavioral approach where people eliminate behavior through desensitization, and they develop alternative ways to combat stress, and they substitute newly learned healthy patterns of behavior, and they learn to anticipate and forestall relapse. (
  • The study was undertaken to build understanding of health behavior patterns related to adolescent consumption of sports and energy drinks and inform intervention strategies to reduce consumption of these sugar-sweetened beverages. (
  • Sudden changes in eating and drinking or litter box usage patterns could also be an indication that there is a problem. (
  • includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety. (
  • Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify sociodemographic characteristics and health-related behaviors and attitudes associated with self-reported drinking water intake of less than 4 cups per day. (
  • Health risks (eg, dental caries, obesity) associated with intake of high levels of calorically sweetened beverages (eg, regular soda, fruit drinks, sports drinks) decrease when plain drinking water is substituted for these beverages (1,2). (
  • The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 encourages adults to drink water as a healthful means of hydration, and public health organizations and others are bringing this message to communities (10-13). (
  • Although water intake has been associated with individual factors (eg, physical activity, age), little is known about how water intake is related to other food- and health-related behaviors and attitudes (14-17). (
  • For example, clinical or public health messages about water intake could be bundled with messages about associated health behaviors. (
  • The purposes of our study were to use a data set with varied information on behaviors and attitudes to quantify daily drinking water intake, to identify sociodemographic and health characteristics associated with low water intake, and to describe the association of food- and health-related behaviors and attitudes with low drinking water intake. (
  • Scientists, public health officials and policy makers need to work together to establish the best courses of action, from increasing the availability of water in and around schools to introducing the levy on sugary drinks companies. (
  • The programmes aimed at children and teenagers typically incorporated a number of different components including group-led or class-based sessions that taught about the negative health consequences of drinking too many sugary drinks and targeting unhealthy diet behaviours and promoting water as a drink alternative. (
  • Co-author Dr Charlotte Evans, also from the School of Food Science and Nutrition at Leeds said 'It's estimated that children and adults get about a quarter of their sugar from sugary drinks and these drinks are linked with health risks such as type 2 diabetes , obesity and tooth decay. (
  • There are currently a number of public health initiatives to reduce sugary drink consumption. (
  • Today I'm going to talk about sugary drink taxes and the potential for these taxes to improve health outcomes. (
  • Research tells us that overconsumption of these drinks contributes to some of the most important health problems in this country, including obesity, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. (
  • The evidence to date indicates that these beverage taxes lead to significant reductions in purchases and consumption of sweetened drinks, and we think that would be likely to improve health outcomes. (
  • Access to safe drinking water is critical to health and development issues, and residents' drinking behavior reflects their awareness of health and water hygiene . (
  • It is recommended that the government and Centers for Disease Control ( CDC ) should strengthen relevant measures such as knowledge popularization and health education , and regulate the water use behavior of middle- aged and elderly residents. (
  • Parents, school staff, and community members can join the school or district wellness committee that sets the policies for health and wellness and establish or revise nutrition standards to address the sale and marketing of energy drinks in school settings. (
  • Health effects of energy drinks on children, adolescents, and young adults. (
  • Retrieved from . (
  • Energy drinks: an emerging public health hazard for youth. (
  • The DAWN Report: Update on Emergency Department Visits Involving Energy Drinks: A Continuing Public Health Concern. (
  • According to the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 85.6 percent of people ages 18 and older reported that they drank alcohol at some point in their lifetime, 69.5 percent reported that they drank in the past year, and 54.9 percent (59.1 percent of men in this age group and 51.0 percent of women in this age group) reported that they drank in the past month. (
  • The high caffeine content of energy drinks, as well as the high sugar and calorie content of many sports and energy drinks, has drawn much concern from health professionals. (
  • boys who regularly consumed sports drinks spent about one additional hour per week watching TV compared with boys who consumed sports drinks less than once per week," says lead author Nicole Larson, PhD, MPH, RDN, of the division of epidemiology and community health at the School of Public Health in the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. (
  • Future research and interventions should target the clustering of related health risk behaviors and pursue more education to promote healthy hydration habits among youth. (
  • As a nation, our collective health would be better if people generally drank less," said Dr. Timothy Naimi, an alcohol researcher at Boston University and one of the experts on the committee convened by federal officials. (
  • The guidelines are based on the overall health of a population, and an individual's risk from drinking could vary depending on a variety of factors and health habits, said Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, a professor of nutrition at Tufts University. (
  • Denominators for each percentage exclude persons with unknown health-behavior characteristics. (
  • Adams PF, Schoenborn CA. Health behaviors of adults: United States 2002--2004. (
  • The survey, commissioned by the American Stroke Association and released to coincide with American Stroke Month , questioned 1248 Americans aged between 18 and 44 on their attitudes to health, their behavior, and risk of stroke. (
  • A simple model describing relationships among policy, the environment, behavior, and health was developed, a framework for organizing and conceptualizing policy interventions was described, and priorities for public health efforts to promote physical activity were proposed. (
  • Looking out for your cat's health means keeping on top of everything from the basics, such as choosing the right premium cat food, to the more complex issues such as vaccination schedules, cat behavior problems , and on and on. (
  • A sudden change in grooming habits may indicate either a behavior problem, or a health issue that needs attention. (
  • Any change in behavior that has no apparent cause should be suspect, as it can mean a cat health alert. (
  • The impact of work organization and work environment on health behaviors of construction apprentices. (
  • 2007). The organization of work and the work environment in the construction industry (e.g., multiple job sites, long hours, irregular employment, harassment and discrimination on the job site, and long commute times) can impact health behaviors. (
  • The goal of the current study was to examine the impact of organizational and environmental factors in the workplace on health behaviors (i.e., diet, physical activity, sleep, alcohol consumption, and smoking). (
  • The results show that high job demands, heavy workload, longer commute time, as well as poorer mental and physical health were associated with adverse health behaviors. (
  • In contrast, better mental health and workplace policies addressing safety and health were associated with better health behaviors. (
  • These behaviors can have a long-term impact on their health and safety. (
  • Interventions addressing health behaviors (e.g., diet and smoking) that target individuals may have limited benefit unless coincidentally supported by the work environment. (
  • Policies implemented through the work environment may have more widespread benefit to all workers, even those with better health behaviors. (
  • The 1990 national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is a component of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, which periodically measures the prevalence of priority health-risk behaviors among youth through comparable national, state, and local surveys (3). (
  • So even with the plethora of information our kids are getting in school health classes and through programs such as MADD's and local law enforcement underage drinking and driving prevention campaigns, parents are either the strongest-or weakest-link in the chain. (
  • Antonio Noronha, Ph.D., director of the Division of Neuroscience and Behavior at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) shared these facts with University faculty, students and staff during his National Institute of Health Grants Workshop on Neuroscience, Genetics & Behavioral Research at NIAAA: Research Priorities and Future Directions at Seton Hall. (
  • Random sampling and face -to- face questionnaires were used to investigate the drinking water behavior , sanitation and perceptions of drinking water among middle- aged and elderly residents in Tengchong, southwest Yunnan from July 1 to July 28, 2021. (
  • At the state, territory, and local levels ICCPUD members work to reduce and prevent underage drinking & its consequences. (
  • Leading efforts to eliminate underage drinking. (
  • We send updates on how you can help end drunk driving, prevent underage drinking, and make responsible choices about alcohol. (
  • This data visualization illustrates the steady decline of alcohol use amongst adolescents, informing parents/guardians and communities that taking action against underage drinking is effective. (
  • This Spanish language data visualization illustrates the steady decline of alcohol use amongst adolescents, informing parents/guardians and communities that taking action against underage drinking is effective. (
  • This Spanish language fact sheet is to inform parents how to effectively talk to their young adult about the risks of underage drinking. (
  • What the Social Host Ordinance does is it makes it unlawful to provide a location were underage drinking can occur," said Gordon Coombes, the executive director of Team Wellness and Prevention, the non-profit that presented the idea. (
  • The Social Host Ordinance was proposed as a way of combating underage drinking and drug use in the community. (
  • Coombes hopes that giving civil infractions will change the culture around underage drinking, as infraction will result in civil penalties and not give hosts a criminal record. (
  • It is like underage drinking. (
  • However, if they were allowed to have a party at a cool parent's house who is monitoring the drinking, it is okay when in fact , it is still underage drinking. (
  • As parents, we can help or hinder our kids' awareness of the enormous risks of drinking and driving, and especially of underage drinking and driving. (
  • The program has been found to reduce underage drinking by 40 percent. (
  • Abstinence and controlled drinking: Alternative treatment goals for alcoholism and problem drinking? (
  • The articles in which I reviewed dealt with alcoholism and the many different effects it has on behavior. (
  • My kids have never seen us drunk, and we talk openly about addiction and alcoholism," says Pam, who has a 7-year-old son and a 12-year-old daughter. (
  • a 2011 study published in the journal Injury Prevention found that teens who drank more than five cans of soft drinks every week were significantly more likely to have carried a weapon and acted violently toward peers, family members and dates. (
  • Another study from the same authors reported that high consumption of soft drinks was associated with a range of aggressive or mood-related behaviors, from fighting, feeling sad or hopeless to even being suicidal. (
  • Soft drinks are highly processed products containing carbonated water, high-fructose corn syrup, aspartame, sodium benzoate, phosphoric or citric acid, and often caffeine, any of which might affect behavior," the authors write. (
  • While the beverage industry has taken steps to limit children's access to sugared soft drinks - providing healthier options such as water, fruit juices and skim milk in schools instead-the study highlights how prevalent soda consumption is in the U.S. - even among the very young. (
  • According to an American Beverage Association spokesperson, member companies do not promote or market the consumption of soft drinks to children in the age group examined in the study, but so far the high consumption among kids doesn't seem to help them establish and maintain healthy relationships with friends and family. (
  • But the people with soft drinks drank them at the same rate, regardless of glass shape. (
  • Dental erosion and soft drinks: a qualitative assessment of knowledge, attitude and behavior using focus groups of schoolchildren. (
  • Because caffeine can act on so many brain systems, but there is still little information on its influence on young children, the FDA is currently investigating the safety of caffeine that is added to food products consumed by kids and adolescents, like drinks, chips and even gum. (
  • In 2011, 1,499 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years went to the emergency room for an energy drink related emergency. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics states that caffeine and other stimulant substances contained in energy drinks have no place in the diet of children and adolescents. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that adolescents do not consume energy drinks, yet between 30-50% reported consuming energy drinks. (
  • Clinical Report-Sports Drinks and Energy Drinks for Children and Adolescents: Are They Appropriate? (
  • This Spanish language data visualization illustrates the drinking habits of adolescents to inform parents/guardians and communities. (
  • Weekly consumption of sports drinks and energy drinks among adolescents is significantly associated with higher consumption of other sugar-sweetened beverages, cigarette smoking, and screen media use, according to a study conducted by researchers from the University of Minnesota and Duke University. (
  • Although national data have shown a decline in the prevalence of soft drink and fruit drink consumption, sports and energy drink consumption has tripled among adolescents in recent years. (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that sports drinks should be consumed by adolescents only after vigorous, prolonged activity, and that energy drinks should not be consumed because they offer no benefit and increase risks for overstimulation of the nervous system. (
  • watching the effects of alcohol on people while sober is a good way to alter your relationship with drinking. (
  • AA is not for stopping drinking, it's for learning how to Live Sober, and deal with all that kind of stuff. (
  • If a person has consumed one or less drinks per hour, they're considered to be sober, or low-level intoxicated. (
  • Whether drunk or sober, it is always immediately better to have a drink. (
  • The study's lead author cautioned, however, that the increase may not be noticeable for individual children and the researchers can't prove soda caused the bad behaviors. (
  • After taking into account habits that may have influenced the results - such as how much TV the kids watched, how much candy they ate and their mother's race and education - the researchers still found that drinking two or four or more servings of soda per day was tied to higher aggression scores. (
  • The researchers write that they can't tell from their study what may explain the association between soda and behavior problems in children, but one possibility is that an ingredient in soda - like caffeine or high fructose corn syrup - could directly increase aggression. (
  • One dietary area that we've focused on as researchers and policymakers over the last decade or so is sugary drink consumption. (
  • In order to evaluate the relationship between the sugared drinks and behavior problems, the researchers adjusted for several factors that can influence behavior, including their mothers' depression and the children's diets. (
  • Specifically, four-year students thought their peers drank more than two-year students believed their peers drank, whereas two-year students thought that their peers used cannabis more than four-year students thought their peers did,' researchers said. (
  • The advice is based on links that researchers observed between drinking habits and all causes of death, including heart disease, cancer and car accidents, rather than a specific physical harm that alcohol might have. (
  • Researchers observed that mice that drank water with aspartame showed pronounced anxiety-like behaviors in maze tests. (
  • Although there are a range of factors that contribute to high school smoking and drinking, researchers tend to agree that some teens have personality traits that predispose them to these behaviors. (
  • In the study, the researchers asked groups of men and women to drink either a soft drink or a beer from one of two different types of glasses: straight or fluted (narrow at the bottom and wide at the top). (
  • Overall, 7% of adults reported no daily consumption of drinking water, 36% reported drinking 1 to 3 cups, 35% reported drinking 4 to 7 cups, and 22% reported drinking 8 cups or more. (
  • An evaluation of efforts designed to reduce how many sugary drinks we consume shows some success in changing younger people's habits but warns they cannot be the only way to cut consumption. (
  • Nutritionists at the University of Leeds have carried out the first comprehensive review of interventions to reduce sugary drinks consumption. (
  • The evaluation highlighted some of the successful behavioural change techniques used, but warned that to achieve significant change in sugary drink consumption additional measures are needed. (
  • Some of these include campaigns to increase public awareness about the sugar content and the consequences of heavy consumption as well as restricting the availability of sugary drinks and promoting water as an alternative. (
  • That is, most contemporary models of drinking behavior assume that the consumption of alcohol leads to the loss of inhibitions or self-control, ultimately leading to behaviors that are not predictable by either the drinker or society. (
  • This is why it's no surprise that policymakers have sought policy solutions to address consumption of sugary drinks. (
  • Results showed that consumption of sugary beverages varied by sex and race with boys drinking more than girls and Hispanic and black students consuming more than white students. (
  • These limitations notwithstanding, there certainly is merit from many angles to try and limit consumption of sweetened beverages in children and avoid the use of energy drinks, as is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. (
  • Even after this adjustment, the scientists found a significant relationship between more soda consumption and aggressive behaviors that included destroying other people's belongings, getting into fights and physically attacking others. (
  • Ratings of palatability, sensory properties, and energy content of the drinks and of hunger completed before consumption of the preloads were not significantly different among conditions. (
  • About one-third of high school seniors in the United States have had an alcoholic drink within the past month. (
  • If you decide to have an alcoholic drink, limiting yourself to one a day is best - whether you're a man or woman. (
  • The condition is usually linked to drinking too many alcoholic beverages. (
  • And she didn't really drink before she had the shock treatments, but she became an alcoholic afterwards. (
  • Janet, a recently divorced mother of three girls and a recovering alcoholic, is very open with her girls about her drinking problem and recovery. (
  • The mothers were also asked how many servings of soda their children drank per day and about other habits such as TV watching. (
  • Your home bar has never been better stocked, but are you maintaining healthy drinking habits while under lockdown? (
  • You should report any sudden major change in cat behavior or habits to your vet as soon as possible. (
  • Young workers were more likely to have worse eating habits and to engage in heavy drinking more frequently. (
  • So can parents truly model responsible drinking and driving habits? (
  • As a result, Rawls - who, according to the report, has a "history of excessive drinking," has twice spent time in jail for public intoxication and was recently arrested for drunk-driving - said he sustained a "serious and debilitating head injury" partly caused by the "uneven parking lot" at the restaurant. (
  • Targeting perceptions of the drinking culture is one way the military can reduce excessive and unhealthy use of alcohol and negative sequelae. (
  • Excessive drinking, fighting, and Scientology secrets - In a series of outrageous claims, Llywelyn says many factors made her relationship a living hell from which she has yet to escape. (
  • He says there are reports of a range of behaviors from anxiety to excessive drinking to thoughts of suicide. (
  • But with the macho code of the military, where excessive drinking appears to be a merit badge all its own, no one in their chain of command seems to care very much. (
  • On average, children drank 2.24 sweetened beverages per day. (
  • Whether the proposed new advice would influence behavior isn't clear. (
  • There are several studies that do lend credence to a relationship between children's behavior and what they eat. (
  • Mothers completed a checklist on children's behaviors over the previous two months to measure withdrawal, attention and aggression. (
  • There was no consequences for his behavior. (
  • Operant conditioning is an award based learning that reinforces certain behaviors based on its consequences. (
  • Are sugary drink interventions changing people's behavior? (
  • Overall, kids who drank four or more servings of soda per day were twice as likely to destroy other people's belongings, get into fights and physically attack people, compared to children who didn't drink soda. (
  • Irresponsible behavior. (
  • Thousands of people end up in the hospital because other drivers were irresponsible enough to get behind the wheel after having a few too many drinks. (
  • Boorish, irresponsible behavior by others spoils my game experience and I am not alone. (
  • Richard, what you find to be "Boorish, irresponsible behavior [sic]" is perfectly acceptable behaviour for most people at Swangard. (
  • You admitted drinking beer at games - that act is surely "Boorish, irresponsible behavior [sic]" to some people, albeit for a very small minority. (
  • The term 'selfwatching' describes a behavioral approach where the individual notes when they engage in the problem behavior and they record how they feel at that time and they report what the situation is like. (
  • A comprehensive understanding of how these factors are related to water intake may help identify populations and associated attitudes and behaviors amenable to intervention. (
  • Anxiety and Depression as Comorbid Factors in Drinking Behaviors of Un" by Charles Vohs, Robert Gable et al. (
  • Furthermore, the modest increase for higher ADHD behaviors of 14% actually demonstrates how many factors other than sugar must be involved in ADHD. (
  • Two binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the influencing factors of drinking unboiled tap water and willingness to use filters . (
  • This study sought to identify the key factors impacting private well water testing behavior in rural, agricultur al Latino communities. (
  • It is the judge that decides the value of these damages and they will look at certain factors such as the drunk driver's blood alcohol concentration (BAC), whether they have prior DUI convictions and if they were solely responsible for the crash. (
  • According to the STEPS survey for risk factors for NCDs conducted in Malawi in 2009, three quarters of the population aged 25 to 64 do not drink alcohol. (
  • Type A behavior, stress, hostility and anger have all been implicated as heart disease risk factors. (
  • As for behavioral factors, smoking, drinking and drug abuse are traditionally male problems. (
  • Some other theories that were not mentioned include: psychological traits' effect on addiction, psychodynamic processes (theories can be traced back to that of Sigmund Freud), learned cognitions and behaviors, social environmental factors, and more. (
  • Presumably, that distinction was lost on the powers-that-be at the Walmarts of this world, who may have worried that the pseudo-sexual flavor of the album title would encourage impressionable American teenagers to experiment with a variety of behaviors that might actually involve sucking. (
  • Teenagers are drinking out recklessly on their own. (
  • Results from multivariate logistic regression reveal a strong, positive correlation between positive perceptions of drinking culture in the military and all outcomes. (
  • Regarding specific kinds of beverages, energy drinks were the only individual type that was found to have an independent association with inattention/hyperactivity. (
  • These important qualifications, unfortunately, don't stop people from describing this study with titles such as " Energy Drinks Cause Hyperactivity and Attention Disorders . (
  • Additionally, the strongest link with behavior appears to be with energy drinks which, as was mentioned, contain high amounts of sugar and caffeine. (
  • Energy Drinks and Youth Self-Reported Hyperactivity/Inattention Symptoms. (
  • Teachers and other school staff can educate students about the danger of consuming too much caffeine, including energy drinks. (
  • Coaches can educate athletes about the difference between energy drinks and sports drinks and potential dangers of consuming highly caffeinated beverages. (
  • Everyone can model good behavior by not consuming energy drinks in front of kids. (
  • The National Federation of State High School Associations recommends that young athletes should not use energy drinks for hydration, and information about the potential risk should be widely distributed to young athletes. (
  • As many as 11.6% of secondary schools in some districts sell energy drinks in vending machines, school stores, and snack bars. (
  • Ishak WW, Ugochukwu C, Bagot K, Khalili D, Zaky C. Energy drinks: psychological effects and impact on well-being and quality of Life-a literature review. (
  • Boys who consumed energy drinks at least weekly spent approximately four additional hours per week playing video games compared to those who consumed energy drinks less than once per week. (
  • Drinking also creates a higher risk for depression , anxiety, and low self-esteem. (
  • The administration of diazepam, which is used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, alleviated the anxiety behavior in the mice. (
  • They urged that intervention efforts be targeted not only at soda but things like energy, coffee, and sports drinks. (
  • Their study, published in the Obesity Reviews journal, found that children participating in these programmes reduced their sugary drink intake by around 30%, removing nearly 2.5 teaspoons of sugar from a child's average intake of 16 teaspoons per day. (
  • The study showed that early malnutrition may lead to low IQ and later antisocial behavior. (
  • This was a cross-sectional study (ie assessing variables only at one time point) so in an attempt to tease out the association specifically between ADHD behaviors and sweetened beverages, the analyses controlled for a number of demographic variables, as well as the amount of sugar consumed from other foods. (
  • Drinking water behavior and willingness to use filters by middle-aged and elderly residents in rural areas: A cross-sectional study in Tengchong, China. (
  • In the latest study, published in the Journal of Pediatrics, parents reported that 43% of the 5-year olds participating in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study drank at least one serving of soda every day, and 4% consumed four or more servings daily. (
  • Our purpose is to study the stochastic electrical behavior of Splina liquid chlorophyll by using the T. E.-model and to compare it with the natural one. (
  • It comes out from our study that, for a suitable lighting angle, and repartition of Splina solution component, after adding of purified water, RO-EDI (Reverse Osomosis-Electrode Ionization) water and sodium copper chlorophyll in to the natural chlorophyll, the electric behavior of Splina chlorophyll solution is like the natural one. (
  • This study provided an additional tool to verify if after the addition of new substances, that the photoelectric, statistical and temporal behavior of the resulting product is identical to that of the initial natural one. (
  • Further study of potential knowledge-behavior gaps may uncover opportunities for additional HRI prevention strategies. (
  • Two-year college students don't drink nearly as much as their four-year college counterparts, but they do smoke a lot more pot, according to a study from Washington State University. (
  • According to Beggars, a recent national study showed that 75 percent of teens surveyed, their parents were the leading influence on whether they drink alcohol. (
  • Atwood is one of the authors of a small new psychology study published in PLoS ONE on how long it takes to drink various beverages and how good people are at guessing when they're halfway through. (
  • Definition of Psychology: Psychology is the study of behavior in an individual, or group. (
  • The method by which a parent helps their young child to sleep impacts their behavior, a new study reports. (
  • however, information on the characteristics of consumers who drink water is limited. (
  • Our objective was to describe the characteristics of people who have a low intake of drinking water and to determine associations between their behaviors and attitudes and their intake of water. (
  • Low drinking water intake was associated with age, region of residence, and several unhealthful behaviors and attitudes. (
  • Understanding characteristics associated with low drinking water intake may help to identify populations that could benefit from interventions to help adults drink more water. (
  • Results show that 35% of residents drink unboiled tap water , and 29.8% of respondents indicated a willingness to use filters . (
  • Our findings suggested that a certain proportion of permanent middle- aged and elderly residents in rural areas still drink unboiled tap water , and residents are less willing to use filters . (
  • Residents' perception of drinking water can reflect residents' drinking water behavior and willingness to a certain extent. (
  • and 4) the location of drinking water at work (e.g. next to restrooms) and whether water is clean, but not necessarily chemically-treated, are important considerations in deciding whether to drink the water provided at worksites. (
  • Private well users must conduct water testing and other well stewardship behaviors to ensure that their well water is safe to drink. (
  • I rotated liquor stores, I bought expensive wine (maybe I would savour it more), I hid empty bottles, I filled bottles with water to hide how much I drank, I hid a bottle in my closet, just in case. (
  • One neighbor picked up Trucker and carried him several blocks to Kathie's home to rest in air conditioning with plenty of accessible drinking water. (
  • All four monkeys cried desperately for water and drank insatiably when offered the hose. (
  • Back in 1989, Schrauzer and Shrestha published a paper called " Lithium in Drinking Water and the Incidences of Crimes, Suicides, and Arrests Related to Drug Addictions . (
  • Seems that counties with higher lithium levels in the water had a statistically significant decrease in the incidence of homicide, suicide, arrests for opiates and cocaine, and violent criminal behavior. (
  • Do Juncos Drink Water? (
  • Despite the fact that they can satisfy some of their hydration needs by consuming juicy insect prey such as caterpillars, all birds have to drink water. (
  • Their tax applies to both sugar- and non-calorically sweetened beverages - that is, to both regular and diet drinks. (
  • Students with higher levels of hyperactivity/inattention drank more sweetened beverages the day before than those in the normal range (2.7 versus 2.2). (
  • According to the AHA, the most important healthy behaviors to adopt as early as possible include eating a low-fat diet high in fruit and vegetables, drinking alcohol and sugar-sweetened beverages in moderation, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy body weight, and not smoking [2]. (
  • Knowing this could help psychologists develop interventions that more effectively reduce teen smoking and drinking in the future. (
  • On any given day, more than half of adults and children consume sugary drinks. (
  • They found that people who used tobacco but did not have alcohol use problems were more likely to increase their drinking than non-tobacco users. (
  • One potential pitfall for people in recovery is "dry drunk syndrome," a term that originated in Alcoholics Anonymous. (
  • Not everyone in recovery experiences dry drunk syndrome, but for many people, it's part of their journey. (
  • In place of standard behavior therapy protocols, Stanton described natural processes by which people achieve remission. (
  • What Are Common Behaviors of Drunk People? (
  • However, people exhibit some common signs when they are intoxicated, and there are some common behaviors that drunk people will display. (
  • Some people also develop troubled eating and food behaviors, leading to an eating disorder . (
  • it was a really illuminating time for me because i continued to hang out with the same people, only i didn't drink. (
  • drunk people aren't so fun when you aren't drunk as well, they're actually kinda annoying. (
  • Mozaffarian also noted that many people misinterpret the current advice to mean they should have one or two drinks a day. (
  • The limits are meant for people who already drink. (
  • The guidelines do not recommend that people who do not drink alcohol to start doing so. (
  • But in some cases, people with this condition might have accidentally or intentionally drank household products containing alcohol, such as mouthwash or vanilla extract. (
  • If you've been following local news you surely remember the tragedy on Hilton Head Island last May when a drunk driver killed three people in an accident, leaving another man in critical condition. (
  • He emphasized that the policy was not about stopping people from enjoying sips of the beverage, but that the aim of the policy was to deter people from indulging in heavy drinking which causes harm to themselves and others. (
  • Common beliefs about genetics' influence on addiction have been disputed by evidence that many people labeled as alcoholics have periods of moderate drinking, or periods of time when over-drinking was not an issue and that alcoholics have been able to reduce their use in laboratory settings when the benefits seemed worth while. (
  • Police will have to right to ticket hosts even if the party is not deemed a nuisance, all officers need is a report that people are drinking alcohol or consuming marijuana underage. (
  • Every day we see the effects of the drink, drunk people. (
  • Actually you are probably right, but over half of those people drinking are also under the legal drinking age. (
  • We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 3,397 US adults who participated in the National Cancer Institute's 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey. (
  • The programmes aimed at adults also included nutritional advice sessions to help better understand food labels and how to choose healthier drinks. (
  • The percentage of adults with selected unhealthy behavior characteristics varied by race during 2002--2004. (
  • Young adults need to make this connection between healthy behaviors and healthy brains and hearts, Sacco adds. (
  • The third leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., 15.1 million adults have Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD), with an estimated 38 million adults in the country drinking too much. (
  • Generally, physical inactivity was the most prevalent unhealthy behavior. (
  • And actually I think there's something very similar about asking a behavior therapist how to do something and asking God, because both of them always tell you the hardest way to do it. (
  • Using a sequential behavioral coding system for client speech, the authors found that, at both the session and utterance levels, specific therapist behaviors predict client change talk. (
  • Further, a direct link from change talk to drinking outcomes was observed, and support was found for a mediational role for change talk between therapist behavior and client drinking outcomes. (
  • My sister was very disappointed in my mother's behavior and wanted her to be another person, and she wasn't, she was what she was. (
  • At this stage of intoxication, the person's behavior will be normal with no visible signs of intoxication, such as slurred speech or delayed reaction time. (
  • For example, if someone chooses a drink for one year, it may take that long for the alcohol to completely leave the person's system. (
  • Previous work by some of the study's authors had found connections between soda drinking and violent behavior, but the link had not been studied in young children. (
  • This is worrisome because their behavior causes injury and death to themselves and others due to road traffic accidents and violent acts especially to women and children. (
  • In our analysis, we disentangle the general wage effect of drinking into diverse effects for different types of drinkers. (
  • Overall, 43 percent of the kids drank at least one soda per day and 4 percent drank four or more servings. (
  • Kids who reportedly drank no soda scored 56 on the aggression scale, on average. (
  • Furthermore, if they're drinking this much soda, it's probably taking away from other nutritional things the child could be eating," she said. (
  • What makes soda-drinking kids so unruly? (
  • Drinking heavily during your middle-age years can increase your risk for a stroke more than any other risk factor. (
  • We know from the research studies that nearly 20% of men who are 25 to 64 years of age in Malawi drink alcohol heavily. (
  • Within the short period of the experiment, the mice on the diet of junk foods displayed lethargic and nervous behaviors. (
  • The Diet Behavior and Nutrition (variable name prefix DBQ) section provides personal interview data on various dietary behavior and nutrition related topics. (
  • Even though we believe smoking has reduced overall with all the good campaigns--the number of smokers is down--we still feel smoking is a very important behavior never to start, because it's an addiction , and once you smoke, it's very hard to quit. (
  • For example, when considering an addiction to alcohol, someone would be able to make two choices: to have a drink or not to have a drink. (
  • Teens who drink tend to do poorly in school and their behaviors may get them into trouble. (
  • Implicit positive associations predict drinking behavior. (
  • They also found women with both tobacco and alcohol use problems were more likely to decrease their drinking than women not using tobacco. (
  • This can lead to behavior problems and lasting damage to memory, thinking, and judgment. (
  • The goal was to gather some basic data on how much different types of these drinks are consumed and whether or not they might be associated with behavioral problems such as inattention or hyperactivity. (
  • It is categorized by cravings, chronic dependency, an inability to recognize its creation of significant problems in one's behavior and relationships, and a loss of control. (
  • However, the legal drinking age sometimes causes more problems then it prevents. (
  • This systematic review is one of many actions needed to plan and implement the best methods to change behaviours and attitudes towards sugary drinks. (
  • Findings imply needed changes in prevention approaches to reduce high-risk drinking. (
  • With alcohol, Naimi said two drinks a day was associated with an increased risk of death compared with one drink a day. (
  • And although the majority surveyed said they wanted to live long and healthy lives, a third did not appreciate that adopting healthy behaviors now could affect their risk of stroke in the future. (
  • But it does mean that children with certain personality traits are at higher risk for this behaviors. (
  • Alcohol interacts with the whole body, and risk drinking produces intoxication and other impairments to the central nervous system (CNS), and harm to organs and body systems. (
  • Though these behaviors are a matter of individual service member choice, they are influenced by perceptions of the culture of alcohol use in the military. (
  • There was a lot of darkness in my house due to the chaos and the depression and the drinking. (
  • Drinking during puberty can also change hormones in the body. (
  • Do Sugary Drink Taxes Change Behavior? (
  • How much do we change our behavior as the price of these sugary drinks increases? (
  • The first is a change in outward behavior. (
  • The report noted that the guidelines may be aspirational, but are important for "stimulating thought around behavior change. (
  • The government is also planning on introducing a levy on companies producing sugary drinks starting in April 2018 where drinks with more than 5g of sugars per litre will be taxed. (