Distance Perception: The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Sensory Art Therapies: Therapies using arts or directed at the senses.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Pattern Recognition, Automated: In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Markov Chains: A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.Monte Carlo Method: In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Inbreeding: The mating of plants or non-human animals which are closely related genetically.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Self-Fertilization: The fusion of a male gamete with a female gamete from the same individual animal or plant.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Anthropology, Medical: Field of social science that is concerned with differences between human groups as related to health status and beliefs.Anthropology, Cultural: It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.Forensic Anthropology: Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)United StatesGenetic Linkage: The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Metabolomics: The systematic identification and quantitation of all the metabolic products of a cell, tissue, organ, or organism under varying conditions. The METABOLOME of a cell or organism is a dynamic collection of metabolites which represent its net response to current conditions.Poly A-U: A double-stranded polyribonucleotide comprising polyadenylic and polyuridylic acids.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.PolynucleotidesPolynucleotide 5'-Hydroxyl-Kinase: An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate group to the 5'-terminal hydroxyl groups of DNA and RNA. EC 2.7.1.78.Polyribonucleotide Nucleotidyltransferase: An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the reaction RNA(n+1) and orthophosphate to yield RNA(n) and a nucleoside diphosphate, or the reverse reaction. ADP, IDP, GDP, UDP, and CDP can act as donors in the latter case. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 2.7.7.8.Templates, Genetic: Macromolecular molds for the synthesis of complementary macromolecules, as in DNA REPLICATION; GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of DNA to RNA, and GENETIC TRANSLATION of RNA into POLYPEPTIDES.Polyribonucleotides: A group of 13 or more ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.Cantharidin: A toxic compound, isolated from the Spanish fly or blistering beetle (Lytta (Cantharis) vesicatoria) and other insects. It is a potent and specific inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A). This compound can produce severe skin inflammation, and is extremely toxic if ingested orally.Molluscum contagiosum virus: A species of MOLLUSCIPOXVIRUS causing skin lesions in humans. It is transmitted by direct contact or from non-living reservoirs (fomites), such as books or clothing.Molluscum Contagiosum: A common, benign, usually self-limited viral infection of the skin and occasionally the conjunctivae by a poxvirus (MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM VIRUS). (Dorland, 27th ed)Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Medicine, East Asian Traditional: Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Dyslexia: A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Linkage Disequilibrium: Nonrandom association of linked genes. This is the tendency of the alleles of two separate but already linked loci to be found together more frequently than would be expected by chance alone.

*Single-linkage clustering

A drawback of this method is that it tends to produce long thin clusters in which nearby elements of the same cluster have ... Alternative linkage schemes include complete linkage clustering, average linkage clustering, and Ward's method. In the naive ... Gower, J. C.; Ross, G. J. S. (1969), "Minimum spanning trees and single linkage cluster analysis", Journal of the Royal ... In statistics, single-linkage clustering is one of several methods of hierarchical clustering. It is based on grouping clusters ...

*Complete-linkage clustering

Brian S. Everitt; Sabine Landau; Morven Leese (2001). Cluster Analysis (Fourth ed.). London: Arnold. ISBN 0-340-76119-9. ... clusters) Complete linkage clustering avoids a drawback of the alternative single linkage method - the so-called chaining ... In complete-linkage clustering, the link between two clusters contains all element pairs, and the distance between clusters ... Alternative linkage schemes include single linkage and average linkage clustering - implementing a different linkage in the ...

*Cluster analysis

Popular choices are known as single-linkage clustering (the minimum of object distances), complete linkage clustering (the ... The key drawback of DBSCAN and OPTICS is that they expect some kind of density drop to detect cluster borders. On data sets ... Linkage clustering examples Single-linkage on Gaussian data. At 35 clusters, the biggest cluster starts fragmenting into ... Clusterings can be roughly distinguished as: Hard clustering: each object belongs to a cluster or not Soft clustering (also: ...

*Community structure

... and complete linkage clustering, in which all nodes within every group have similarity greater than a threshold. A novel ... It must be based on analyses of networks of known structure. A typical example is the "four groups" test, in which a network is ... In contrast to approaches that attempt to cluster a network given an objective function, this class of methods is based on ... In spite of its known drawbacks, one of the most widely used methods for community detection is modularity maximization. ...
When making recordings of the spoken voice, the spectrum changes with distance and direction. This paper presents the results of experiments on the audibility of these changes. Special interest has been given to listeners distance perception when comparing different spectra adjusted to the same level of loudness. One conclusion is that in some cases it is possible to detect the distance by the spectrum of the voice presented.
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I was reading an article today about how a person was able to edit Wikipedia articles to help with his online niche websites and I wanted to try to test this idea.. I have been using Wikipedia as a resource to do research since I was in college and it has been amazingly helpful and useful. It seems that anyone in the world can edit the Wikipedia articles as long as they are really being helpful and trying to create a better resource.. So I created my own Wikipedia account under the username Height_Analyst and did a slight edit on the articles for Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound and Epiphyseal Plate. Right after the sentence where it states that Dr. Chen of the University of Alberta thinks that LIPUS can possibly lead to "grow taller by stimulating bone growth" I added the sentence "However it has not been shown to be able to help in bone longitudinal growth when combined with bioengineered cartilage pellets for growth plate induced fractures". I referenced this study from a university in Hong ...
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Some defendants replace odometers altogether, putting in a new low-mileage odometer, rather than rolling back the original odometers in vehicles. This indictment charges instances of such violations not only as odometer tampering, but also as violating provisions of the law that require specific procedures to be followed when replacing an odometer. See Count 16, charging conspiracy to commit violations of 49 U.S.C. § 32704 (in violation of 49 U.S.C. §§ 32703(4) and 32709(b)) and Counts 17 - 20 charging substantive violations of 49 U.S.C. §§ 32704(a) and 32709(b). Section 32704 requires that when an odometer is replaced, the new odometer must either (1) reflect the previous mileage, or (2) be reset to read zero - and a written notice must also be attached to the left door frame of the vehicle specifying the mileage before the odometer was replaced and the date of the replacement.. [updated October 2016] [cited in USAM 4-8.310]. ...
This will be a semester-long assignment, with milestones at various times to help ensure that progress is being made.. Students will be assigned to groups of two or three students each, and each group will have main responsibility for one Wikipedia article, and will act as a peer reviewer for one other groups article. The goal of the assignment is to make a substantive contribution to a Wikipedia article on a topic of Molecular Biology. Each group will choose an article thats in need of work, and your goal is to improve upon the article, within the timeframe of this semester.. Group members should, as much as possible, help each other out with questions about how to do things on Wikipedia. You should strive to communicate the Wikipedia way -- on user talk pages; but (especially before Unit 3) you can use the Blackboard discussion forum if you need to. If, as a group, you still have a question or a problem, dont hesitate to contact the Online Ambassador.. ...
simpleshow is an organization which produces explainer videos. The company has launched a free online tool at mysimpleshow.com which enables anyone to create explainer videos based on a storyline template, user created text, and automated visualization support. The result is an explainer video ready for use in the respective Wikipedia article. The goal of this project is to provide Wikipedians with a simple to use tool in an attempt to promote high-quality video content in Wikipedia articles. In order to get started and evaluate process and tool needs, the project has created 50 videos in a half-automated process about randomly chosen Wikipedia articles, which are now available for editing. The workflow looks as follows: ...
A number of listening experiments have been made to investigate how auditory distance is perceived in different rooms: an anechoic room, an IEC listening room, and a classroom. Loudspeakers were placed in the rooms playing back a voice signal. The results show that in normal rooms the sound is perceived at about the same distance as the physical distance, regardless of the playback level. In the anechoic room there is no correspondence between physical and perceived distance.
In their past research on the perception of the geometry, color, brightness and motion, Purves and his colleagues have accumulated evidence that visual processing is not the result of logical calculations about the image that falls on the retina of the eye as such. Rather, they have shown that vision is a fundamentally empirical phenomenon, in which the connections between nerve cells in the visual system evolved as a result of the success of organisms that correctly interpreted the inherently ambiguous visual world. Such ambiguity arises because the photons striking the retina do not carry any inherent information about their origins; thus the visual system must process retinal information statistically to correctly interpret a visual world that can t be known directly ...
In order to verify that the various conditions were recorded properly, several quantities such as spectrum, short-time spectrum and sound pressure level have been extracted from the audio signals. This was possible, because the digital amplitudes of the recorded signals were calibrated to a reference sound pressure level of 100 dB(SPL) which corresponds to an amplitude of 0 dBFS. Moreover, the extracted quantities facilitate conclusions with respect to dependencies between the physical properties of the sound sources and the results of the psychoacoustic experiments. The properties resp. the extracted quantities of the recordings of the passenger car and the motorcycle are compared in the following: Spectrograms: As an example, the spectrograms for the passenger car and the motorcycle for condition v = 100 kph and d = 4 m are shown in Figure 2a and Figure 2b. Here, the Doppler shift - due to the translational movement of the vehicles - can easily be observed. Moreover, the differences in the ...
Click on the link to the Wikipedia article. After youve enjoyed reading about the source, use the find command of your browser to see if this Wikipedia page mentions anything about infrared, or "infrared-rays". Does the article mention whether or not the source is an infrared source?. What is the current time stamp for the Wikipedia article on the source? [Hint]: look for something like "This page was last modified on 25 December 2011 at 20:12." very near the bottom of the page. For now this is an adequate time stamp.. From reading the Wikipedia article on the source, if you believe the text demonstrates that the source is not an infrared source in Crux edit the "Non-infrared sources in Crux" section near the bottom of the page with an entry similar to "# Alpha Crucis 25 December 2011 at 20:12 Wikipedia article "Alpha Crucis", without the quotes, and finish the entry with four "~"s without the quotes after the period. The date included with your designation or username is a time stamp for the ...
Impressionen vom Saurierpark Kleinwelka Info Saurierpark Kleinwelka: |a href=http://www.saurierpark.de/ rel=nofollow|www.saurierpark.de/|/a| Info Franz Gruß: |a href=http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Gruß rel=nofollow|de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Gruß|/a| Info Dinosaurier: |a href=http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinosaurier rel=nofollow|de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinosaurier|/a| Info Oberlausitz: |a href=http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oberlausitz rel=nofollow|de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oberlausitz|/a| Info Kleinwelka: |a href=http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleinwelka rel=nofollow|de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleinwelka|/a| Info Bautzen: |a href=http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bautzen rel=nofollow|de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bautzen|/a| Impression of the Dinosaur Garden Kleinwelka Info Dinosaur Garden Kleinwelka: |a href=http://www.saurierpark.de/ rel=nofollow|www.saurierpark.de/|/a| Info Dinosaur: |a href=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinosaur rel=nofollow|en.wikipedia.org/wiki
Introduction. Perception development ? cross cultural studies If perceptual abilities are innate and a product of nature then we should expect similar perceptual abilities across different cultures with any differences highlighting a nurture playing a role. Turnball completed research into depth perception. He found that a pygmy tribesman who was accustomed to the dense forest struggled with long differences. When he saw a buffalo in the distance he believed them to be insects because they appeared smaller in the distance. This suggests that the depth constancy are learned and his lack of experience let to his inability to use such cues for distance perception to interpret actual size. This shows the idea that depth perception is a learned process. But, a problem with Turnball?s research is that it was a case study. ...read more. Middle. A further explanation into shape constancy by Allport et al. They found that individuals from western cultures perceived an illusion created by rotating a ...
Incorporating the fact that the senses are embodied is necessary for an organism to interpret sensory information. Before a unified perception of the world can be formed, sensory signals must be processed with reference to body representation. The various attributes of the body such as shape, proportion, posture, and movement can be both derived from the various sensory systems and can affect perception of the world (including the body itself). In this review we examine the relationships between sensory and motor information, body representations, and perceptions of the world and the body. We provide several examples of how the body affects perception (including but not limited to body perception). First we show that body orientation effects visual distance perception and object orientation. Also, visual-auditory crossmodal-correspondences depend on the orientation of the body: audio
Method and apparatus for modifying an odometer reading in a vehicle navigation system to compensate for odometer errors. A first distance measurement is obtained from the odometer, and a second distance measurement is obtained from at least one other sensor. The difference between the first and second distance measurements is determined and an adjustment amount is generated in response thereto. A modification factor is then adjusted by the adjustment amount, the modification factor being for modifying the odometer reading. The odometer reading is then modified with the modification factor. A method and apparatus for selecting a pulse rate setting in a vehicle navigation system to correspond to a pulse rate associated with the odometer are also described. A first distance measurement is obtained from the odometer and a second distance measurement is obtained from at least one other sensor. The difference between the first and second distance measurements is then determined. The pulse rate setting is
Citation. Labroussaa F, Lebaudy A, Baby V, Gourgues G, Matteau D, Vashee S, Sirand-Pugnet P, Rodrigue S, Lartigue C. Impact of Donor-recipient Phylogenetic Distance on Bacterial Genome Transplantation.. Nucleic Acids Research. 2016 Aug 03;. External Citation. Abstract. Genome transplantation (GT) allows the installation of purified chromosomes into recipient cells, causing the resulting organisms to adopt the genotype and the phenotype conferred by the donor cells. This key process remains a bottleneck in synthetic biology, especially for genome engineering strategies of intractable and economically important microbial species. So far, this process has only been reported using two closely related bacteria, Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri (Mmc) and Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum (Mcap), and the main factors driving the compatibility between a donor genome and a recipient cell are poorly understood. Here, we investigated the impact of the evolutionary distance between donor and recipient ...
The influence of inter-vehicle distance on the diffusion process of PM2.5 in the underlay surface of urban streets is studied. Firstly, the diffusion process of tracer gas PM2.5 is simulated using...
The perception of absolute distance has been assumed to be important in the perception of the size of objects and the depth between them. A different hypothesis is proposed. It is asserted that perceived relative size and distance are the primary psychological phenomena, with perceived absolute distance derived from the perceptual summing of perceived relative depths. In agreement with this point-of-view, it is stressed that relative, rather than absolute retinal extents, are the determiners of visually perceived extents. A principle called the adjacency principle is identified as perceptually organizing the relative retinal stimuli. This principle states that the apparent size or position of any object in the field-of-view is determined by whatever size or distance cues occur between it and adjacent objects. (Author)*SPACE PERCEPTION
We present a new texture discrimination method for textured color images in the wavelet domain. In each wavelet subband, the correlation between the color bands is modeled by a multivariate generalized Gaussian distribution with fixed shape parameter (Gaussian, Laplacian).
Participants usually respond faster to larger objects as compared to smaller objects. In order to perceive an objects size, the brain needs to integrate contextual information such as object distance, an effect elucidated by various visual illusions. Accordingly, the perceived size of identical objects can differentially be altered via depth cues that create differentially perceived object distances. Recently, it has been demonstrated that simple reaction times are modulated by the perceived rather than by the retinal size of an object. This indicates that responses are generated subsequent to distance and retinal size integration. However, the timing aspects of these integration processes are largely unclear. Therefore, the present study investigated the influence of stimulus duration on size - distance integration by means of a simple reaction time paradigm. In two experiments we verified the effect that reaction times are susceptible to a variant of the well known Ponzo illusion. In the ...
Dual-focus lens and electronic device having the same - A dual-focus lens includes a stop and at least two lenses. One of the lenses is relatively close to the stop, and formed with a first transmission area and a second transmission area. When the at least two lenses are fixed without shifting any lens, an image beam reflected from a first object distance can pass through the first transmission area to form a clear optical image on an image formation area located at a fixed position, and an image beam reflected from a second object distance can pass through the second transmission area to form a clear optical image on the same image formation area, so as to achieve a purpose of providing double focuses without any active elements or changing the image formation distance. Physical structures of the first transmission area and the second transmission area can be selected from the group consisting of two different thickness areas formed on an inner circle and an outer ring of one of said lenses, ...
Sometimes people want glasses for a specific purpose--just to see in the far distance or just to use for reading, or just to use for computer or to read sheet music at the piano or on a music stand. Usually these special purpose glasses are for presbyopes--that is, people who are over 40 years old. Generally younger people can see at all distances with the same single vision lenses in their glasses. As people age, it takes a different power to see at different distance (see presbyopia). Presbyopes may do well with multifocal lenses such as bifocals or progressive lenses. The disadvantage of multifocal lenses is that the lenses are divided into different parts, and this division of the lenses limits the amount of area on lenses that is useable to use for different distances. This may bother the wearer who is moving around, who is walking and only wants the far distance corrected, or the wearer who is only using the glasses to view large computer monitors for a long period of thime. While most ...
Abstract: For evaluation of vibration which is transmitted to a human body, it is desirable to measure the vibration on the surface at the point of contact with a human body. International standard ISO2631-2 describes measurement/evaluation methods of vibration in a house. In Japan, the ground vibrations caused by road traffic, factory facilities, and construction work have been regulated by law so that the life environment inside of a house can be kept in good condition. However, the regulation law is applied to vibrations measured on the ground surface. The magnitude of vibration on the floor of a house is usually estimated by adding a value of 5 dB to that on the ground surface. This value is a median value of the difference of magnitude of vertically frequency-weighted acceleration between the second floor of a wooden house and the ground surface near the house. The author will compare recently measured data with these data because the amplification value was obtained about 20 years ago and ...
Overall, our results are consistent with two primary interpretations. First, convenience (as measured by travel distances) appears to facilitate nonurgent use of the hospital ED for patients with nonpublic sources of insurance. Second, we find evidence of disparities in access to health care based on socioeconomic status, which seems to be alleviated somewhat by the proximity of an FQHC. These two findings are at odds with a common belief that Medicare and Medicaid patients abuse the system with low-acuity ED visits, a notion that underlies proposals to deny payment for nonurgent visits to the ED [20]. Evidence also suggests that nonurgent ED use may not be the cause of all negative consequences (such as ED overcrowding) commonly attributed to it [21-23]. Indeed, we find that in South Carolina, privately insured (rather than publicly insured) patients appear more likely to be influenced by convenience (as measured by travel distance). Vulnerable patients such as African Americans and Medicaid ...
39. Handpiece (1) suitable for being moved on the surface of a human body zone for treating body regions located at a treatment depth from the surface of the human body zone, comprising:an enclosure (2) suitable for being grasped and moved on said human body zone;laser emitting means suitable for emitting laser radiations having a predetermined wavelength, said emitting means being mounted on said enclosure (2) for emitting said radiations towards said human body zone;wherein said laser emitting means comprise a plurality of emitters (30), each emitter being suitable for emitting said radiations according to an emission cone and said emitters being arranged at a relative distance (40) from each otherwherein said relative distance (40) is such as to keep said emission cones disconnected from each other at least up to a geometrical plane (T) arranged at a distance from said emitters equal to said treatment depth, characterised in that said wavelength is comprised in a range between 905 nanometres ...
The present invention provides a system for controlling a computer display in a workspace using an input unit/output unit. A train of EM waves are sent out to flood the workspace. EM waves are reflected from the input unit/output unit. A relative distance moved information signal is created using the EM waves that are reflected from the input unit/output unit. Algorithms are used to convert the relative distance moved information signal to a display signal. The computer display is controlled in response to the display signal.
In urban areas, people often have to stand or move in close proximity to others. The egocentric distance to stimuli is a powerful determinant of defensive behavior in animals. Yet, little is known about how spatial proximity to others alters defensive responses in humans. We hypothesized that the valence of social cues scales with egocentric distance, such that proximal social stimuli have more positive or negative valence than distal stimuli. This would predict enhanced defensive responses to proximal threat and reduced defensive responses to proximal reward. We tested this hypothesis across four experiments using 3-D virtual reality simulations. Results from Experiment 1 confirmed that proximal social stimuli facilitate defensive responses, as indexed by fear-potentiated startle, relative to distal stimuli. Experiment 2 revealed that interpersonal defensive boundaries flexibly increase with aversive learning. Experiment 3 examined whether spatial proximity enhances memory for aversive ...
In this hands-on lesson, students measure the effect of distance and inclination on the amount of heat felt by an object and apply this experiment to building an understanding of seasonality. In Part 1, the students set up two thermometers at different distances from a light bulb and record their temperatures to determine how distance from a heat source affects temperature. In Part 2, students construct a device designed to measure the temperature as a function of viewing angle toward the Sun by placing a thermometer inside a black construction paper sleeve, and placing the device at different angles toward the Sun. They then explain how distance and inclination affect heat and identify situations where these concepts apply, such as the seasons on Earth and the NASA Mercury MESSENGER mission.. ...
In this hands-on lesson, students measure the effect of distance and inclination on the amount of heat felt by an object and apply this experiment to building an understanding of seasonality. In Part 1, the students set up two thermometers at different distances from a light bulb and record their temperatures to determine how distance from a heat source affects temperature. In Part 2, students construct a device designed to measure the temperature as a function of viewing angle toward the Sun by placing a thermometer inside a black construction paper sleeve, and placing the device at different angles toward the Sun. They then explain how distance and inclination affect heat and identify situations where these concepts apply, such as the seasons on Earth and the NASA Mercury MESSENGER mission.. ...
Pheromone dose, effective trapping distance, and longevity of the rubber septa loaded with sex pheromone of Cylas formicarius (F.) (Coleoptera: Brentidae) were evaluated for their impact on the efficacy of mass trapping of the insect in sweet potato fields in Guam in 2012-2013. The number of adults caught at different distances (10-100 m) was significantly different. Catches declined with increasing release distance from the trap in both downwind and upwind directions. While the maximum radius of attraction of pheromone-baited trap for C. formicarius in the field was 80 m, the effective distance for recapturing marked adults in the pheromone-baited Unitraps was 60 m. Pheromone lures were able to capture adults of C. formicarius after being stored in the laboratory for up to 98 d. The number of catches per trap per week was highest when lures were 0-14- and 15-28-d-old, and longer storage of septa led to a progressive reduction of catches. Pheromone traps baited with 100-μg lures captured ...
Modern day cataract surgery involves the implantation of lenses to correct vision. Depending on the patients needs and desires, different types of lenses allowing you to see at different distances can be implanted.. At Phoenix Ophthalmologists, we customize our cataract treatments to fit your lifestyle needs so that you may enjoy the best results possible. If your desire is to be free of glasses or contacts for clear, crisp distance vision, we can address your astigmatism during cataract surgery.. If your desire is to see a full range of sight with minimal or no dependence on glasses for distance, intermediate and near vision, we can address your presbyopia with a depth of focus lens which allows for a continuous range of high-quality vision. Intraocular Lens Biometry. While biometry, the method used to calculate the power of the Intra-Ocular Lens (IOL) which will be used to replace your clouded lens or cataract, is very accurate in the majority of patients, the final result may be different ...
A spoke diagram for testing for astigmatism. When this chart is viewed from more than a few meters distance, some of the spokes will be sharp and others blurred if you have astigmatism. 11. Stand about 5 meters from the chart without your glasses on or remove your contacts if you wear them. If some of the spokes are fuzzy, and some sharp, which ones are sharpest? What happens if you rotate your head to the side? Why does that happen? Is it improved with your glasses or contacts? Cup you hand over one eye while you do this, because the astigmatism in each eye will be different. Nearpoint Your eye focuses on objects at different distances through the action of the ciliary muscles to change the shape of the lens. When you are young you can focus on things from a few inches to infinity in this away. With age the lens loses its flexibility and you cannot focus as well. Also if the distance from the lens to the retina differs from the appropriate value for the shape of the lens and cornea, the image ...
Below are some parenting plans long distance cistance the diet of a pregnant woman. But it passed. A child custody calendar or schedule is one of the important documents you can have in a divorce or separation situation. It was Tuesday about 7:00pm. I hope I shared some that you can actually use. In this day and age, there are many websites that exist on the internet and parenting plans long distance information about pregnancy in an easy manner. Learn more from WebMD about the risks and the benefits. In fact, I plan to start taking a probiotic right away. That was the last time I held her alive. In an average eight hour labour, a woman can expect to be in pain for only around 23 per cent of the time. The results will help you determine the due date and the actual week of the pregnancy. For the moment, it receives almost all of its nutrients through the placenta; the blood of the mother carries parentung that you need for a suitable development: oxygen, minerals, vitamins, etc. A pregnant woman ...
Planetary Micro-Rovers such as the Micro-RoSA-2 Mars Rover were designed for autonomous exploration mission in space. The mission is characterized by very limited tele-operation, limited knowledge of planetary terrain and challenges in rover localization and hazard detection. Therefore, it requires an accurate localization system. However, conventional odometry for planetary rover always has intrinsic error due to wheel-slippage and blockage. A vision-based odometry system is not affected by those problems, also, it utilizes the rovers ready vision system hardware. It is a promising supplement component for the micro-rover localization system. The visual odometry system design would also focus on the limited system resource aspect of the mission, for a balance between minimizing the computing and physical load on the rover and utilizing of communication band-width to the Lander. Also, the vision system for the RoSA Rover is essential in providing a geology research tool for geologist to ...
For the purpose of orientation, echolocating bats emit highly repetitive and spatially directed sonar calls. Echoes arising from call reflections are used to create an acoustic image of the environment. The inferior colliculus (IC) represents an important auditory stage for initial processing of echolocation signals. The present study addresses the following questions: i) How does the temporal context of an echolocation sequence mimicking an approach flight of an animal affect neuronal processing of distance information to echo delays? ii) How does the IC process complex echolocation sequences containing echo information from multiple objects (multi-object sequence)? Here we conducted neurophysiological recordings from the IC of ketamine-anaesthetized bats of the species Carollia perspicillata and compared the results from the IC with the ones from the auditory cortex. Neuronal responses to an echolocation sequence was suppressed when compared to the responses to temporally isolated and ...
Alter, A. L., & Oppenheimer, D. M. (2008b). Effects of fluency on psychological distance and mental construal (or why New York is a large city, but New York is a civilized jungle). Psychological Science, 19, 161-167. doi10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02062.x
An estimated 246,660 women will have newly diagnosed breast cancer this year and approximately 25% to 35% of identified breast cancers are nonpalpable at detection during mammography or by another method (Lovrics, 2011). Nonpalpable breast lesions may be difficult to locate during follow-up procedures such as surgery. To facilitate identification for later procedures, a variety of localization techniques have been developed, including wire localization, RSL, and radio-guided occult lesion localization. RSL placement is typically done in conjunction with mammography or ultrasonography for confirmation of the seed placement. Locating the I125 seed is done intraoperatively with a handheld gamma scan probe that can distinguish photons from the radioactive seed and the radiation from the radiotracer utilized for sentinel lymph node mapping. The computer-based control probe is able to provide approximate distance information for the surgeon to extract the I125 seed along with the surrounding tissue ...
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For large-scale wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with a minority of anchor nodes, multi-hop localization is a popular scheme for determining the geographical positions of the normal nodes. However, in practice existing multi-hop localization methods suffer from various kinds of problems, such as poor adaptability to irregular topology, high computational complexity, low positioning accuracy, etc. To address these issues in this paper, we propose a novel Multi-hop Localization algorithm based on Grid‑Scanning (MLGS). First, the factors that influence the multi-hop distance estimation are studied and a more realistic multi-hop localization model is constructed. Then, the feasible regions of the normal nodes are determined according to the intersection of bounding square rings. Finally, a verifiably good approximation scheme based on grid-scanning is developed to estimate the coordinates of the normal nodes. Additionally, the positioning accuracy of the normal nodes can be improved through neighbors
A new study conducted by ASCO in collaboration with the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology1 found that patients who have to travel farther to appointments are less likely to receive adjuvant chemotherapy, regardless of whether or not they are insured.. Evidence-based treatment guidelines recommend the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in many cancer patients within 90 days after surgery. But studies show that in many cases, patients do not receive it.. To explore the role geographic access to care plays, researchers compared patients travel distance, insurance status, and an areas density of oncologists to the likelihood patients received adjuvant chemotherapy within 90 days of surgery for colon cancer. The data used in the study captured about 70% of newly diagnosed cancer cases in the United States.. Of 34,694 patients in the study cohort, three-quarters (75.7%) received adjuvant chemotherapy ...
Aniseikonia is an ocular condition where there is a significant difference in the perceived size of images. It can occur as an overall difference between the two eyes, or as a difference in a particular meridian. Gr. "an" = "not", + "is(o)" = "equal," + "eikōn" = "image"[citation needed] Retinal image size is determined by many factors. The size and position of the object being viewed affects the characteristics of the light entering the system. Corrective lenses affect these characteristics and are used commonly to correct refractive error. The optics of the eye including its refractive power and axial length also play a major role in retinal image size. Aniseikonia can occur naturally or be induced by the correction of a refractive error, usually anisometropia (having significantly different refractive errors between each eye) or antimetropia (being myopic (nearsighted) in one eye and hyperopic (farsighted) in the other.) Meridional aniseikonia occurs when these refractive differences only ...
Eighteen patients with stable intermittent claudication were randomized in a double blind cross-over study comparing the effects of the Ginkgo biloba extract GB-8 at a dose of 120 mg o.d. with placebo. All patients were treated for three months with the active extract and three months with placebo. The effects of treatment on arterial insufficiency were quantified by measurements of systemic and peripheral systolic blood pressures, and pain-free and maximal walking distances on a tread-mill. Questionnaires based on visual analogue scales were used to quantify the severity of leg pain, impairment of concentration, and inability to remember. Short-term memory was objectively assessed. We did not find any significant changes in either peripheral blood pressures, walking distances or the severity of leg pain. Systemic blood pressure was reduced both by placebo and GB-8. The impairment of concentration and the inability to remember were both reduced, when comparing results during active treatment to ...
The 3D scanning electro-optical characteristics of a data acquisition prototype system integrating a 32 linear array of 1D amorphous silicon position sensitive detectors (PSD) were analyzed. The system was mounted on a platform for imaging 3D objects using the triangulation principle with a sheet-of-light laser. New obtained results reveal a minimum possible gap or simulated defect detection of approximately 350 μm. Furthermore, a first study of the angle for 3D scanning was also performed, allowing for a broad range of angles to be used in the process. The relationship between the scanning angle of the incident light onto the object and the image displacement distance on the sensor was determined for the first time in this system setup. Rendering of 3D object profiles was performed at a significantly higher number of frames than in the past and was possible for an incident light angle range of 15 ° to 85 °.. ©2012 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! The article examines the influence of linguistic distance on the labor market outcomes of a sample of 5,041 first generation immigrants in Sweden between 1970 and 1990. The article exploits register data from the Swedish Longitudinal Database, examining a population of individuals from 11 non-Nordic countries of origin. The analysis focuses on the transition to the Swedish labor market, comparing the last occupation before migration with the first occupation after, measured by the ISEI score. Using OLS regression, the results finds important differences in the initial labor market outcomes that are linked to the individuals linguistic distance. More specifically, individuals proficient in languages belonging to the same language family as Swedish and familiar with the Latin alphabet are found to enjoy an advantage in the initial transition to the Swedish labor market. This finding exists net of the influence of the individuals region of origin, and is ...
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a serious cause of mortality and disability in humans, particularly children in Nepal. JE has been endemic in the southern Terai area for a very long time and in more recent years has spread to the hilly areas including the Kathmandu Valley.. A major vaccination program of people has reduced the incidence of this disease but cases still commonly occur. Pigs play a significant role as amplifiers of JE virus increasing the risk of mosquitoes transmitting infection from pigs to people living in the vicinity of pig farms. There are still many gaps in information on the possible role of the movement of pigs over short distances on increasing JE risk for people within endemic areas, and the possible role of long-distance movement of viraemic pigs in establishing new endemic areas of infection.. A collaborative investigation project involving two studies is being conducted to address these gaps by Nepalese doctors and veterinarians undertaking in a 2-year One Health ...
On July 23, 2008, USDA scientists discovered seven emerald ash borer beetles (Agrilus planipennis) in traps in Wayne County at a campground located at the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Greenville Recreation Area near Wappapello Lake in southeast Missouri.. The emerald ash borer is an aggressive wood-boring insect that attacks and kills all species of ash (Fraxinus) trees. Attacks by this metallic-colored beetle of the Buprestidae family usually kill ash trees in one to three years. Although stressed trees are usually more prone to borer attack than healthy trees, evidence from Michigan suggests that even healthy, well-maintained ash trees are being attacked and killed by this beetle.. The natural range of the emerald ash borer is eastern Russia, northern China, Japan and Korea. It was first discovered in North America in Michigan in June 2002. The borer most likely traveled from Asia to North America in wooden packing materials. Because adult insects only move short distances on their own, the ...
The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) and the Department of Conservation (DOC) are working together to address a confirmed find of the fungal plant disease myrtle rust on Kermadec pōhutukawa trees on Raoul Island.. Myrtle rust (Austropuccinia psidii), also known as guava rust and eucalyptus rust, is a fungal infection that could have serious impacts on a wide range of plants in the myrtle family. If it were to enter mainland New Zealand, it could affect iconic New Zealand plants pōhutukawa, kānuka, mānuka and rātā, as well as commercially-grown species such as eucalyptus, guava and feijoa.. MPIs Director Readiness and Response, Geoff Gwyn, says myrtle rust spores can carry long distances on the wind, however, the Raoul Island location is very remote from mainland New Zealand.. "Its over one thousand kilometres to the northeast of Northland and access to the island is strictly controlled and only by permit. Those visiting Raoul Island are mainly scientists and maintenance people, ...
The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) and the Department of Conservation (DOC) are working together to address a confirmed find of the fungal plant disease myrtle rust on Kermadec pōhutukawa trees on Raoul Island.. Myrtle rust (Austropuccinia psidii), also known as guava rust and eucalyptus rust, is a fungal infection that could have serious impacts on a wide range of plants in the myrtle family. If it were to enter mainland New Zealand, it could affect iconic New Zealand plants pōhutukawa, kānuka, mānuka and rātā, as well as commercially-grown species such as eucalyptus, guava and feijoa.. MPIs Director Readiness and Response, Geoff Gwyn, says myrtle rust spores can carry long distances on the wind, however, the Raoul Island location is very remote from mainland New Zealand.. "Its over one thousand kilometres to the northeast of Northland and access to the island is strictly controlled and only by permit. Those visiting Raoul Island are mainly scientists and maintenance people, ...
Patterns of genetic structure are essential for a comprehensive understanding of the evolution and biogeography of a species. Here, we investigated the genetic patterns of one of the most widespread and abundant mangrove species in the Indo-West Pacific, Sonneratia alba J. Sm., in order to gain insights into the ecological and evolutionary drivers of genetic structure in mangroves. We employed 11 nuclear microsatellite loci and two chloroplast regions to genotyped 25 S. alba populations. Our objectives were to (1) assess the level of genetic diversity and its geographic distribution; and (2) determine the genetic structure of the populations. Our results revealed significant genetic differentiation among populations. We detected a major genetic break between Indo-Malesia and Australasia, and further population subdivision within each oceanic region in these two major clusters. The phylogeographic patterns indicated a strong influence of vicariance, oceanic barriers and geographic distance on ...
The flowers are regular, pentamerous, and borne in racemes, corymbs, or umbels. They have five sepals, five petals about 1 to 6 mm long, 12 stamens about 6-10 mm long in two rings of six, and two pistils or a pistil with two styles. The ovary is superior and has two carpels, whose wings elongate the flowers, making it easy to tell which flowers are female. Maples flower in late winter or early spring, in most species with or just after the leaves appear, but in some before them.. Maple flowers are green, yellow, orange or red. Though individually small, the effect of an entire tree in flower can be striking in several species. Some maples are an early spring source of pollen and nectar for bees.. The distinctive fruit are called samaras or "maple keys". These seeds occur in distinctive pairs each containing one seed enclosed in a "nutlet attached to a flattened wing of fibrous, papery tissue. They are shaped to spin as they fall and to carry the seeds a considerable distance on the wind. Seed ...
Development of the ventral body wall in the human embryo{{#pmid:26467243,PMID26467243}} Initially, vertebrae and ribs had formed medially, and primordia of sternum and hypaxial flank muscle primordium laterally in the body wall at Carnegie Stage (CS){{CS15}} (5.5 weeks). The next week, ribs and muscle primordium expanded in ventrolateral direction only. At CS{{CS18}} (6.5 weeks), separate intercostal and abdominal wall muscles differentiated, and ribs, sterna, and muscles began to expand ventromedially and caudally, with the bilateral sternal bars fusing in the midline after CS{{CS20}} (7 weeks) and the rectus muscles reaching the umbilicus at CS{{CS23}} (8 weeks). The near-constant absolute distance between both rectus muscles and approximately fivefold decline of this distance relative to body circumference between 6 and 10 weeks identified dorsoventral growth in the dorsal body wall as determinant of the closure of the ventral body wall. Concomitant with the straightening of the ...
ABSTRACT: We studied the diet of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus by measuring carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in 106 sloughed skin samples and 10 squid beaks (Histioteuthidae spp.), the latter collected from sperm whale defecations. Samples were collected during 8 studies conducted between 1989 and 2000 in the South Pacific Ocean. We examined diet variation across region, year, social group and vocal clan. The isotopic signatures of groups and acoustic clans of sperm whales were compared using a nested analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the absolute distances between each pair of samples were calculated. The δ13C and δ15N values ranged from 17.8 to 14.5 and from 8.5 to 22.3 , respectively. The δ15N values of defecated squids were about 3 lower than values of the sperm whale, corresponding to a trophic difference of one level. There was a significant difference in both the δ15N and δ13C values between groups (nested within clans and the studies) and clans (nested within studies). Most ...
Fusional vergence is the movement of both eyes that enables the fusion of monocular images producing binocular vision. It is especially important when a person has heterophoria. Premotor cells for fusional vergence are located in the mesencephalon near the oculomotor nucleus ...
Hubbles law is considered the first and most cited observational basis for the Big Bang (BB) theory. Hubble, relying on observations made by him and by others, postulated that galaxies are receding from each other at a velocity that is linear to their relative distances. He used the Doppler effect for finding the receding velocity. He claimed that there is a linear relation between the galaxys receding velocity and the measured redshift of the galaxy. These observations led to acceptance of the BB theory. The linear relation seemed valid for galaxies relatively close to the Milky Way with small redshifts. However, later measurements done on distant galaxies with high redshift show that the linear graph curves up. These later observations led to the theory that the universe is expanding at an ever-accelerating rate and subsequently to the theory of Dark Energy to account for this accelerated expansion. These new theories related to the accelerated expanding universe has raised controversies ...
Previous research has identified hatching gland cells (HGCs) that contain the choriolytic enzyme(s) required to digest the outer egg shell or chorion and allow hatching in the California Grunion, Leuresthes tenuis. These cells are within the epithelium, extending from the head to the tail laterally along each embryo before, but not after, hatching. During development, HCGs appear to migrate from an anterior site of production to their final position. In an effort to investigate the mode of cell migration, we tested for the involvement of actin and myosin interactions. Embryos were incubated in a cocktail consisting of the inhibitors Jasplakinolide, Latrunculin B, and Y-27632 (JLY), at times ranging from three to seven days post fertilization. Image J software was used to analyze images of embryos to measure the maximum relative distance along the body that the HGCs had migrated. Embryos treated with JLY had cells that did not move as far, but development was also inhibited. Embryos treated with
Baskets stacked and waiting at the base area of sulfur mine on the flanks of a volcano. Kawah Ijen, Indonesia 2009. Printed on Epson Exhibition Fiber Paper with archival inks. Paper Size 8.5x11 Image Size 7.5x10 Paper Size 13x19 Image Size 11.5x17.5 Paper Size 20x30 Image Size 18x27 Paper Size 24x36 Image Size 22x33
In a greenhouse experiment, the effects of Glomus intraradices and indigenous mycorrhizal isolates from soils under plow and no-till treatments on the uptake of 32P placed at 1, 2.5 and 4 cm from the roots of white clover (Trifolium repens) in 23, 37 or 46 days after planting were compared.Spores of the indigenous fungi were mostly a mixture of Glomus mossea, G. clarum, G. caledonium and G. claroideum . The colonization of the roots with regard to hyphae, vesicle or arbuscules was significantly different among fungi. Uptake of 32P from different distances from the roots was strongly dependent on the mycorrhizal isolate used and the plant-symbiont age. Indigenous fungi were more effective in translocating 32P from short distances compared with G. intraradices as measured in the plants. At the age of 46 days, for example, fungi from no-till and plowed plots transported 8-10 times more 32P to the plants as compared with G. intraradices, when32P was placed at 1-cm distance from the roots. These
Lets see what the global-warming deniers can make of THIS:The level of the most important heat-trapping gas in the atmosphere, carbon dioxide, has passed a long-feared milestone, scientists reported Friday, reaching a concentration not seen on the earth for millions of years.Scientific instruments showed that the gas had reached an average daily level above 400 parts per million just an odometer moment in one sense, but also a sobering reminder that decades of efforts to bring human-produced emissions under control are faltering.The best available evidence suggests the amount of the gas in the air has ... Read more
For paraxial objects viewed at finite distances from the correction plane, retinal image size and retinal distortions due to astigmatism are obtained for spectacle- or contact-lens-corrected aphakic individuals with astigmatism. Our methods are based not on the analysis of schematic or reduced eyes but on clinical measurements (corneal, refractive, pachometer, and correction parameters) that correspond to the individual patient.. © 1983 Optical Society of America. Full Article , PDF Article ...
CMR adenosine first pass perfusion yields excellent results for the detection of significant coronary artery disease. As in patients after coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) myocardial perfusion is more complex and additionally the kinetic of a first pass bolus may by altered due to different distances through the bypasses and/or native vessels, this patient group has been excluded from most published studies. Parameters like speed of contrast wash-in (upslope, time to 50% or peak enhancement) and peak enhancement are indirectly used for visual analysis and may be altered post CABG imitating perfusion defects without significant stenosis. In this case, adenosine perfusion would be an inadequate diagnostic test. ...
The outcomes of a survey analysing public acceptance of biomass cogeneration heat (and power) plants (BCH(P)Ps) of 3,000 Bavarian households in the neighbourhood of ten BCH(P)Ps are reported in this paper. Acceptance was measured in two different distances to plants in order to check for the so-called Not-in-my-backyard effect (NIMBYism): Nearby regions (0-500 m) and distant regions (2,000 m plus). The survey results show that public acceptance is better than expected and interviewees only feel very little disturbed by BCH(P)Ps. The motives of plants proponents fundamentally differ from the motives of the few opponents, who mainly raise egoistic reasons, whereas proponents have a look on their regions welfare respectively the well-being of the planet. Furthermore, there are huge deficits in residents information. There is only little evidence for distance-related NIMBYism in case of the surveyed sites. In contrast, aspects like heat-delivery, attitudes towards renewable energies and degree
1Genomic DNA was isolated by standard methods and extracted with phenol/chloroform. A 1400-bp 16S rDNA segment was amplified by using primers specific for Eubacteria and based on a consensus of Legionella 16S rRNA sequences. Each strain was sequenced at least 3 times to ascertain accuracy of obtained results. 16S rRNA sequences for all Legionella species, those of some previously sequenced LLAPs and Coxiella burnetii were obtained from GenBank/EMBL and aligned with sequences generated in this study, using the GCG sequence analysis package (version 8.0). Comparisons were performed at NCBI using the BLAST network service (32). Ambiguous and hypervariable regions were removed before phylogenetic analysis, which was carried out on 53 strains for 1303 nucleotides by the neighbor-joining method from the Phylogeny Inference Package (Phylip) (33), version 3.5. Multiple datasets (X100) were analyzed, and different distance models were compared to ensure reliability. Some of the 16S ...
Background. Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (Illinois EPA) investigations beginning in 1991 identified Area 7 as one of four major sources of groundwater (water beneath ground surface) contamination in the Southeast Rockford Groundwater Contamination Superfund project. In 1996, Illinois EPA conducted more extensive environmental investigations in the four major source areas in preparation for developing remedies for each of the areas.. Summary of Source Area 7 investigation results. Area 7 is a former unregulated disposal area evidently used for both household and industrial waste. Early aerial photographs of Area 7 show evidence of waste disposal and excavation from 1959 through 1970. The area, located north of Balsam Lane in Rockford, now contains a field, wooded areas and Ekberg Park. The depth of contamination varies from four feet below ground surface to at least 29 feet. Illinois EPA estimates that there are approximately 265,000 cubic yards of highly contaminated soil beneath the ...
Background. Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (Illinois EPA) investigations have identified Area 9/10 as one of four major sources of groundwater (water beneath ground surface) contamination in the Southeast Rockford Groundwater Contamination Superfund project. The main chemicals of concern are industrial solvents that contaminated drinking water wells. The Illinois EPA conducted limited environmental investigations in Area 9/10 beginning in 1993, with fieldwork concluding in 1996. Because of restricted access, however, the Illinois EPA was not able to fully investigate Area 9/10.. Area 9/10 summary description. Area 9/10 has a history of industrial activity extending back at least to 1926 when the Rockford Milling Machine and Rockford Tool companies merged to become the Sundstrand Machine Tool Company. Other industries also have located in the area since that time.. Illinois State Geological Survey records show that sand and gravel extend to approximately 235 feet below ground surface ...
The organization of the M. tuberculosis genome holds many clues to the possible function of hundreds of previously uncharacterized proteins. The use of the Operon method, based on distance between genes in the same orientation, appears to provide a useful tool for the prediction of protein function as well as the identification of possible operon members. The coverage of linkages at various distances may be inferred by the distance profile of genes known to be functionally linked (Figure 5a), and the accuracy of these functional links may be represented by the maximum false positive rate (Table 2).. Taken together, using the Operon method alone with a threshold distance of 100 bp, we may expect to link over 90% of the true operon members in the M. tuberculosis genome. The accuracy of the 8,468 functional links established at that distance, may be inferred from the maximum false positive fractions in Table 2, roughly 60% ([1-max. false positive fraction] × 100%) of these links may represent ...
Double vision (2 images seen side by side) is the most common symptom. If one eye is involved, the separation between the 2 images is greatest on gaze in the direction of the affected eye (for example, gaze to the left in a left sixth nerve palsy). There is usually less double vision on near fixation than on distance fixation. Children typically do not experience persistent double vision, but are prone to develop amblyopia depending on the severity and duration of the sixth nerve palsy.. ...
In this research, Procrustes and Euclidean distance matrix analysis (EDMA) have been investigated for analysing the three-dimensional shape and form of the human back. Procrustes analysis is used to distinguish deformed backs from normal backs. EDMA is used to locate the changes occurring on the back surface due to spinal deformity (scoliosis, kyphosis and lordosis) for back deformity patients. A surface topography system, ISIS2 (Integrated Shape Imaging System 2), is available to measure the three-dimensional back surface. The system presents clinical parameters, which are based on distances and angles relative to certain anatomical landmarks on the back surface. Location, rotation and scale definitely influence these parameters. Although the anatomical landmarks are used in the present system to take some account of patient stance, it is still felt that variability in the clinical parameters is increased by the use of length and angle data. Patients also grow and so their ...
IMU Step records movement data through two synchronized sensors placed above the ankle bone. The data is then interpreted through algorithms and software that precisely quantify the impact of each step an athlete takes. Unlike most single-sensor wearables that treat the body as a single unit of mass and only focus on distance, speed and heart rate, IMU Step precisely measures and classifies how hard each limb hits the ground to calculate asymmetries and workout intensity in order to offer an accumulative "bone load" score for each athletes training session. For running-based sports like basketball, where over 40-percent of injuries are sustained on the foot and ankle, these metrics can help coaches and trainers remove the guesswork from a players journey back from a lower limb injury, and dramatically reduce the risk of re-injury.. The analysis of an athletes lower limbs and bone loading impact generated through IMU Step offers a first of its kind look at each athletes body and the impact of ...
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the extend of the threat zone of two mobile accidental atmospheric releases of chlorine and butane on the I-95 Highway by estimating the downwind dispersion of the chemical plumes using the numerical model ALOHA (Area Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres) and by graphing the boundaries of the threat zone using MARPLOT (Mapping Application for Response, Planning, and Local Operational Tasks). In addition, to assess the risk of exposure at two points of interest from the chlorine accident, and to measure the extent of the flammable zone; the area where a flash fire or a vapor cloud explosion could occur at some point after the release begins, resulting from the butane accident. Moreover, the aim is to study the stability class effect on indoor and outdoor concentrations and its effect on distance of the flammable zones. The paper conclude that the stability class has a significant effect on the prediction of the size of the toxic threat zone under different
Ms. McKenzie-White is the Managing Director and Director of Education Technology and Design at the Center for Clinical Global Health Education. She also serves as adjunct faculty for the Johns Hopkins School of Education.. She has more than 20 years of experience in program leadership, web development, health education, and research. Since joining the CCGHE in 2006, her efforts have focused on distance learning and capacity-building initiatives. Her work has contributed to numerous peer-reviewed publications on leveraging technology to facilitate clinical global health education and optimize healthcare delivery.. An innovator, McKenzie-White was one of the inventors of emocha® (emocha.com), a CCGHE-developed mobile health platform now being used to facilitate research, education and healthcare delivery in more than 11 countries. She continues to design research studies and oversee pilot testing of new emocha® applications, and most recently has been involved in a country-wide effort in South ...
After my sons last infusion, I was notified that the insurance will no longer pay for the infusion to be done on hospital property and must be done at an out patient lab. Sons GI is not comfortable with an out patient lab and has discussed with the insurance company but they are holding their ground saying its too expensive on hospital property. I was never notified of the new policy and either was my doctor. Discovered the issue when the last infusion was denied. (Its since been covered.) The out patient labs are further from my home and have restricted M-F daytime hours. In the past his infusions were done on Friday nights or the weekends. (My son is a high school senior.) I am filing an appeal with the insurance based on distance and my sons school schedule but wanted to know if anyone had a similar situation and could offer some advice ...
All thought is inherently spatial, representing objects at a distance in space: "Spatiality is the basic character of all thought" (ST, p. 119). According to Yorck, thought or cognition may abstract from particular characters of space, such as "direction" and "place," but it cannot do without the projective opening of spatiality as such (ST, p. 100). And Yorck suggests that it is the inherent spatiality in all thought which, within the intellectualist tradition of the West, has rendered "space" an unsurpassable "metaphysical" reality, or transcendental condition of reality as such (ST, p. 100). Since thought or cognition is an achievement of life in abstraction from temporality and feeling, space itself appears as eternal, neutral exteriority.. Yorck emphasizes that cognition of objects in space amounts to an act of "liberation," because what has been "placed" at a "psychological distance" in the realm of an eternal, and neutral objectivity has lost its power over the representing subject, has ...
A virtual environment is a directory into which some binaries and shell scripts are installed. The binaries include python for executing scripts and pip for installing other modules within the environment. There are also shell scripts (one for bash, csh, and fish) to activate the environment. Essentially, a virtual environment mimics a full system install of Python and all of the desired modules without interfering with any system on which the application might run. In 2017, Pipenv was published which manages all the above tools - managing virtual environments of python interpreters, package dependencies, their activation and reproducible locking of versions in Pipfiles. ...
Coolmathgamesus Surprising It Was Not Surprising To See The Word Boring Stand Out As The Most Popular Word As I Have Said In The Past I Think The Word Boring Is Not The Primary With Engaging Latest Results Of Dave Paradis Annoying Powerpoint Survey Think And Nice Jeopardy Powerpoint Template Free As Well As Powerpoint Bible Additionally Powerpoint Download With Sentence Types Powerpoint Also Dog Powerpoint Template In Addition Countdown Timers For Powerpoint Via Thinkoutsidetheslidecom › Gallery ...
6) Marilyns own copies of Doctor Pygmalion by Maxwell Maltz, and The Unfinished Country by Max Lerner. A copy of John Hustons 1930 script, Frankie and Johnny, with the inscription, "Marilyn dear/ All those years ago/ when you were hardly/ born I wrote this for/ you - the perfect Frankie/ Johnny (himself)/ Huston." (So much for my theory that it was connected to the Elvis Presley movie!). 7) Personal letters to Marilyn from Jean Negulesco, Inez Melson and William Inge; documents regarding Marilyn moving to Milton Greenes Connecticut home in 1954;. 8) A lidded Wedgwood Jasperware trinket box owned by Marilyn, and assorted hair and make-up items, including a container of Erno Laszlo face powder.. 9) The chaise longue featured in the title song from Lets Make Love.. 10) Limited edition etchings of Marilyn by Al Hirshfeld.. 11) An expense form from Marilyn Monroes public relations agency, Arthur P. Jacobs Company Inc., dated June 11, 1962, for costs incurred through long-distance calls made to ...
A new era in steel productivity Twenty years of proven performance by Konecranes AC-powered steel mill cranes with variable frequency drives (VFDs) has laid the groundwork for our latest generation of automated cranes. Because of modern VFD controls, travel distances, stopping distances and acceleration rates are now known quantities. Pre-programmed and consistent, they make crane automation possible.
Optegra Eye Health Care (London) operates a network of world-class private ophthalmic hospitals and its newest facility is a flagship center for medical excellence based in the Harley Street district of central London.. The 14,531-square-foot facility was designed by IBI Group (Birmingham, England) an international design and technology practice; ISG (London) was the contractor on the $7.1 million project.. The plans for the new hospital, which opened in January 2016, involved converting and unifying two six-story historic Edwardian and Victorian properties into a modern, clinically advanced healthcare environment that would bring Optegras consultancy and surgery services together under one roof.. Optimizing the two building structures, the design splits the building horizontally, both functionally and materially, into clinical and non-clinical areas. This layout naturally arranges the space by patient typology, allowing for intuitive navigation, minimized travel distances, and reduced waiting ...
Access to health care and other critical services in rural communities is impacted by various factors from travel distances between locations to limited financial resources and provider capacity. Community health centers, supportive housing and social service providers, and other health system providers can benefit a great deal from partnerships that address social determinants of health and enable them to share information, coordinate successful strategies, and leverage resources.. This webinar will focus on:. ...
WASHINGTON - A House bill that would lessen the impact of competitive bid pricing in non-bid areas was introduced today.. Led by Reps. Tom Price, R-Ga., and Tammy Duckworth, D-Ill., H.R. 4185 contains several provisions. Chief among those provisions: it would apply a 30% increase to single payment amounts for providers in non-bid areas; and phase in the pricing over a two-year period, compared to the current six months.. Other provisions include setting a ceiling for future rounds of competitive bidding at the unadjusted fee schedule rates in effect Jan. 1, 2015; and instructing CMS to revisit pricing adjustments for non-bid areas to take into account travel distance, clearing price and other associated costs for prices that will be in effect Jan. 1, 2019.. "This bill is a life line for rural providers adn the patients they serve," said John Gallagher, vice president of government relations for The VGM Group in a release. "Its a common sense approach to stop the devastation of rural health care ...
Igus is the largest producer of reinforced plastic energy chains and injection-moulded polymer bearings. The range of polymer bearings includes Iglidur plain, Igubal spherical and Drylin linear bearings. They offer an excellent price-to-life relationship and are developed under the toughest conditions. They are oil, maintenance and lubrication free, low wear, resistant to dirt and dust, corrosion free and simple to fit. Igus also has the data to precisely predict the lifetime of these bearings within a specific application.. Energy chains are the umbilical cord of modern machines. They minimise downtime and protect, support and extend the service life of cables and hoses. The broad range incorporates more than 30,000 innovative, low-cost products. From the smallest micro chain to the largest chain in the world, the E4.350, Igus energy chains are capable of long and short travel distances at high speeds in all axes.. Igus also has its own cable series, Chainflex, specially designed with energy ...
INFIL3.0 is a grid-based, distributed-parameter, deterministic water-balance model that calculates the temporal and spatial distribution of daily net infiltration of water across the lower boundary of the root zone. The bottom of the root zone is the estimated maximum depth below ground surface affected by evapo-transpiration. In many field applications, net infiltration below the bottom of the root zone can be assumed to equal net recharge to an underlying water-table aquifer. The daily water balance simulated by INFIL3.0 includes precipitation as either rain or snow; snowfall accumulation, sublimation, and snowmelt; infiltration into the root zone; evapotranspiration from the root zone; drainage and water-content redistribution within the root-zone profile; surface-water runoff from, and run-on to, adjacent grid cells; and net infiltration across the bottom of the root zone.. INFIL3.0 ,, ...
Looking through Dry Fork Natural Arch into Dry Fork Because karst springs draw water from a large area of the ground surface and subsurface, it is very important that water quality be high throughout a spring recharge area. On November 15, 1981, a Williams fertilizer pipeline carrying ammonia was discovered to be leaking into a surface stream feeding the Dry Fork and may have been leaking several days before the problem was discovered. The surface stream was a losing stream that contributed to the recharge of Maramec Spring. The spill happened about 13 miles away from the spring near the town of Lecoma and took about seven days to travel to the spring. Fertilizer reacted with almost all dissolved oxygen in the water and made the spring inhospitable for almost all aquatic life. Dead fish and crustaceans from the spring and surrounding waters showed up by the thousands. These animals included extremely rare Salem Cave Crayfish, the southern cavefish, and other species adapted to living in a cave ...
As the Greenland ice sheet melts around the edges and off its top surface, transient meltwater lakes form on the top of the ice at some locations. Sometimes the transient lakes discharge in transient mighty rivers that cut across the ice sheet surface and may join with more permanent rivers or perhaps better-termed seasonally recurrent rivers. In the summer of 2012 an engorged ice melt river destroyed a bridge in Kangerlussuaq. How many months of the year do the ice melt rivers flow? I dont know. How much melt water stays on the ice sheet surface all the way to ground surface and from there to the ocean, and how much melt water diverts through the moulins to under-ice channels before it reaches the ocean? I dont know those answers, either, and it would be great if someone was gathering real data on those questions ...
As the Greenland ice sheet melts around the edges and off its top surface, transient meltwater lakes form on the top of the ice at some locations. Sometimes the transient lakes discharge in transient mighty rivers that cut across the ice sheet surface and may join with more permanent rivers or perhaps better-termed seasonally recurrent rivers. In the summer of 2012 an engorged ice melt river destroyed a bridge in Kangerlussuaq. How many months of the year do the ice melt rivers flow? I dont know. How much melt water stays on the ice sheet surface all the way to ground surface and from there to the ocean, and how much melt water diverts through the moulins to under-ice channels before it reaches the ocean? I dont know those answers, either, and it would be great if someone was gathering real data on those questions ...
Electrical resistivity survey at an archaeological site.. Human activities that disturb natural sediments-for example, the construction of a building-cause changes to the sediment that can be detected long after all traces of the activity have vanished from the ground surface. Remote sensing (sometimes called "geophysical survey") involves measuring subterranean magnetic irregularities or changes in the flow of electrical or radio waves through the ground to identify buried disturbances that are likely to be cultural in origin.. ...
Every 130 tons of grain produced requires about a ton of phosphate for fertilization. The world mines about 170 million tons of phosphate rock every year to support food production, which is continually on the rise. Phosphate rock is usually mined from just below the ground surface from a matrix of pebbles, sand, and clay, which is referred to as a "phosphate matrix". Draglines are used to strip off the top layers of soil above the matrix, called overburden. Water is used during the process of stripping, mining, and processing the phosphate matrix and stockpile it before further processing it. Prudent management of the water volume and its chemical composition is critical to the sustainability of this business; any failure to do so has the potential for consequences well beyond the property line of just that mine ...
Essential public facilities" does not include special needs group housing as provided in MICC 19.06.080; public schools under the administration of Mercer Island School District No. 400; or city of Mercer Island facilities, except those facilities specifically listed in RCW 36.70A.200 or WAC 365-196-550.. Existing Grade: The surface level at any point on the lot prior to alteration of the ground surface.. F. Facade: Any exterior wall of a structure, including projections from and attachments to the wall. Projections and attachments include balconies, decks, porches, chimneys, unenclosed corridors and similar projections.. Fair Market Value: The expected price at which a development can be sold to a willing buyer. For developments which involve nonstructural operations such as dredging, drilling, dumping, or filling, the fair market value is the expected cost of hiring a contractor to perform the operation or where no such value can be calculated, the total of labor, equipment use, transportation ...
Technical specifications HP ep9012 Instant Cinema Digital Projector (L1752B/C/D/E/F)* Display technology Texas Instruments Digital Light Processing™ (DLP™) Image contrast 1600:1 (full-on/full-off) Resolution 800 x 600 True SVGA 1024 x 768 True XGA Brightness 840 ANSI (max) lumens 1020 ANSI (max) lumens HP Home Digital Projectors HP ep7112 Home Cinema Digital Projector (L1750A) HP ep7122 Home Cinema Digital Projector (L1751A) Projected image Size Adjustable from 0.94 to 2.8 m diagonal (37 to 110 inches) Uniformity +30 to -40% ANSI Throw distance Approximately 1 to 10 m (3 to 33 ft) Projection offset 128% of image above the center line Projector lens F/2.4 max, 1.16:1 manual zoom focus Keystone correction Vertical +/- 20° (40° total) Video capability S-video, composite, component, HDTV (up to 1080i) Scalable resolution Native SVGA (800 x 600)-scales up from VGA (640 x 480) and scales down from XGA (1024 x 768) Video formats NTSC M (3.58 MHz), 4.43 MHz; PAL B, D, G, H, I, M, N; SECAM B, D, G, ...
Fig.1 right: absolute computation time vs. iteration limit and sample points. The tertian limit does not increase computation time if the optimization converges to a (local) optimum, which is often the case.The number of sample points, however, has a direct effect on computation time. Time increments are modest as long as memory and CPU architecture allow some form of parallelization. Once that capacity is exhausted computation time begins to increase noticeably. For the test machine (specs see above) this happened around 10,000 pints for the BSpline method, and 100,000 points for the BRAINSfit and Expert Automated modules. For estimates on how absolute sample points relate to average 3D image sizes, see the FAQ here.(also copy text) ...
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The plate was beveled, polished with 00 grade steel wool, and degreased with 1:1 soy sauce: water ratio.. The image size was changed from 72 ppi to 300 ppi.. The image was inverted.. Color Balance: Highlights- Cyan= -31 Magenta= 0 Yellow= +19. Shadows- Cyan=0 Magenta=0 Yellow= 0. The highlights value for yellow has changed.. Channel Mixer: Monochrome box checked. Values of red: 55%, green 45%. This regards a classical black and white conversion, and the values must equal 100% when added.. Levels: Black= 25, White= 225.. Curves: Black=45 White=225. Two middle points: Output 24/Input 19 (the gray-black) and Output 228/Input 235 (the gray-white). This new curve is very slight when graphed.. Aquatint screen filter= 50%, Relief 24%. Print Parameters Used: Let Photoshop determine the colors. Gray Gamma 2.2. Rendering intent=Perceptual. Presets= Our earlier Press-n-Peel with Plain Paper Resolution HQ 1200. ...
Here is a close-up image of a portion of the PostScript output from one of our sample queries. It shows three stable transfection experiments from a 1993 paper by Miller, Walsh, et al. that used construct segments from the HS2 core, in register with the conserved regions in that vicinity from our multiple alignment. (The known landmarks in that area are also drawn at the bottom of the page, but are not shown here due to limitations in image size and resolution.) For each experiment, the construct fragment of interest is depicted on the left side of the page, with mutated sites noted (in this case substitutions) and arrows indicating that these fragments were present in their native orientation. The notations at the left edge indicate that the constructs also included the neomycin resistance gene. The right side of the page shows the results measured for each experiment, so in this case we can see how the various mutations affected the expression level compared to the wild-type HS2 core. Other ...
Amazing pictures of 5 Phineas Gage Accident Brain Injury Pictures is totally great for your biological science knowledge. The image Resolution 576 x 694 px and the image size only 594 kb. Click the thumbnail to see the larger version.. Tagged with: Brain Injury Awareness, phineas gage accident brain injury, phineas gage accident brain injury picture, PhineasGage, .. ...
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CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Abstract- The geographical separation of the users and insufficient input from pairs may cause undesired costs in interior/exterior design process. If immersive communication and interaction exist between the pairs, those undesired costs will be minimal. Lack of communication and understanding causes much of the design works to be lost as it is improperly passed on and/or incompletely understood. The combined immersive collaboration can solve these existing problems so that the undesired costs can be eliminated. We present a framework for 3D design of interior/exterior spaces using a CAVEbased immersive virtual environment in that better and intuitive communication among the designers and users would lead to better integration of overall design such that designer would cede some of his/her work to the user. We have developed several user interface and intuitive spatial egocentric/exocentric perception and perceptual ...
Image size: 3264 × 4928 ✓ Free for personal and commercial use ✓ No attribution required ✓ You may NOT re-distribute or sell this image as is (in its raw form). By using this website and its contents you Agree to our Terms and Conditions. attractive, baby doll ti, botany, colourful, decor, decorative, exotic, foliage, good luck plant, growth, Hawaiian…
Premier giclée canvas edition of 50 signed and numbered canvas art prints made from the original oil painting depicting a herd of Dall Sheep in their home in the Rocky Mountains. Image size, 28" x 45". Published exclusively by Wild Wings ...
In one method embodiment, for each of a number the plural blocks to be matched, displaying whether an indication of closeness in match between the each of the plural blocks exceeds a first threshold; displaying a counter value which is incremented each time the first threshold is exceeded for closeness of the block matching of a particular block; displaying an indicator of whether the counter value exceeds a second threshold, the exceeding of the second threshold indicating that a defined quantity of blocks has exceeded the first threshold; and responsive to determining that the counter value exceeds the second threshold, displaying that a scene change detection has been triggered.
Lastly, tissue fluorescence measurements can be performed by placing a combination of source-blocking and bandpass emission filters in front of the camera.. The diffusely reflected amplitude of the modulated wave carries both optical property (absorption, fluorescence, scattering) and depth information. Specifically, the sampling depth of the spatially-modulated wave is a function of the frequency of illumination and the tissue optical properties.. During neurosurgery when nervous tissue is exposed by the attending neurosurgeon, intraoperative pictures will be taken using the modulated imager by the investigators.. The imaging procedure may delay completion of the surgical case by an estimated 10 to 20 minutes. This is minimal prolongation considering most brain tumor resections take several hours.. The images acquired will be processed after the surgical procedure and will not be available to the surgeon during the operative procedure. ...

Molecular biology of cantharidin in cancer cells | Chinese Medicine | Full TextMolecular biology of cantharidin in cancer cells | Chinese Medicine | Full Text

Dendrograms and cluster image map obtained by hierarchical cluster analysis (complete linkage method) of mRNA expression of 21 ... The dendrogram on the right shows the clustering of cell lines and the dendrogram on the top shows clustering of genes. The ... A drawback of cantharidin is its acute toxicity due to its effect on mucus membranes and the urinary tract [49, 73]. ... The mRNA expression of the 21 identified genes were subjected to hierarchical cluster analysis and cluster image mapping ( ...
more infohttps://cmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1749-8546-2-8

Cluster analysis - WikipediaCluster analysis - Wikipedia

Popular choices are known as single-linkage clustering (the minimum of object distances), complete linkage clustering (the ... The key drawback of DBSCAN and OPTICS is that they expect some kind of density drop to detect cluster borders. On data sets ... Hard clustering: each object belongs to a cluster or not. *Soft clustering (also: fuzzy clustering): each object belongs to ... are known: SLINK[6] for single-linkage and CLINK[7] for complete-linkage clustering. In the data mining community these methods ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_clustering

Single-linkage clustering - WikipediaSingle-linkage clustering - Wikipedia

A drawback of this method is that it tends to produce long thin clusters in which nearby elements of the same cluster have ... Alternative linkage schemes include complete linkage clustering, average linkage clustering, and Wards method. In the naive ... Gower, J. C.; Ross, G. J. S. (1969), "Minimum spanning trees and single linkage cluster analysis", Journal of the Royal ... In statistics, single-linkage clustering is one of several methods of hierarchical clustering. It is based on grouping clusters ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single-linkage_clustering

Complete-linkage clustering - WikipediaComplete-linkage clustering - Wikipedia

Brian S. Everitt; Sabine Landau; Morven Leese (2001). Cluster Analysis (Fourth ed.). London: Arnold. ISBN 0-340-76119-9. ... clusters) Complete linkage clustering avoids a drawback of the alternative single linkage method - the so-called chaining ... In complete-linkage clustering, the link between two clusters contains all element pairs, and the distance between clusters ... Alternative linkage schemes include single linkage and average linkage clustering - implementing a different linkage in the ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complete-linkage_clustering

2D-EM clustering approach for high-dimensional data through folding feature vectors | BMC Bioinformatics | Full Text2D-EM clustering approach for high-dimensional data through folding feature vectors | BMC Bioinformatics | Full Text

... single-linkage [15], complete-linkage [16], median-linkage [17], weighted average linkage [18] and ward linkage [19]. Single ... Everitt BS, Landau S, Leese M, Stahl D. Cluster analysis, 5th edn. Chichester: Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; 2011 ... Inspired by this drawback, we focus on developing a method that can easily and efficiently perform clustering on high ... Consequently, smaller groups get larger weights during clustering [18]. In Wards linkage (Wa-Link), the clusters are joined ...
more infohttps://bmcbioinformatics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12859-017-1970-8

Selection of informative clusters from hierarchical cluster tree with gene classes | BMC Bioinformatics | Full TextSelection of informative clusters from hierarchical cluster tree with gene classes | BMC Bioinformatics | Full Text

Usually the analysis involves selection of clusters by cutting the tree at a suitable level and/or analysis of a sorted gene ... Visualization of the results on top of a cluster tree shows that the method finds informative clusters from several levels of ... This article presents a simple method for searching for clusters with the strongest enrichment of gene classes from a cluster ... the cluster tree and indicates that the clusters found could not have been obtained by simply cutting the cluster tree. Results ...
more infohttps://bmcbioinformatics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2105-5-32

Clustering with Confidence: A Binning Approach - PDFClustering with Confidence: A Binning Approach - PDF

Clustering with Confidence: A Binning Approach Rebecca Nugent Department of Statistics Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, ... Complete linkage dendrogram; (d) Complete linkage cluster assignment (k = 4) Figure 8 shows selected results from other ... How Many Clusters? Which Clustering Method? - Answers Via Model-Based Cluster Analysis. The Computer Journal, 41: Gottardo, R. ... Well-separated groups of the remaining high density observations correspond to connected components of L(λ; p). One drawback is ...
more infohttp://technodocbox.com/3D_Graphics/83678487-Clustering-with-confidence-a-binning-approach.html

Genetic and Haplotypic Structure in 14 European and African Cattle Breeds | GeneticsGenetic and Haplotypic Structure in 14 European and African Cattle Breeds | Genetics

Therefore, we decided to build a linkage map from scratch. We started by identifying the three expected linkage groups (one for ... the European taurine cluster, the African taurine cluster, and the group formed by KUR, BOR, and SFU. ... Lindblad-Toh, K., C. M. Wade, T. S. Mikkelsen, E. K. Karlsson, D. B. Jaffe et al., 2005 Genome sequence, comparative analysis ... Huntley, D., A. Baldo, S. Johri and M. Sergot, 2006 SEAN: SNP prediction and display program utilizing EST sequence clusters. ...
more infohttps://www.genetics.org/content/177/2/1059.full

A Markov Chain Monte Carlo Approach for Joint Inference of Population Structure and Inbreeding Rates From Multilocus Genotype...A Markov Chain Monte Carlo Approach for Joint Inference of Population Structure and Inbreeding Rates From Multilocus Genotype...

We have also investigated stopping MCMC chains with "empty clusters," where an empty cluster contains less than one expected ... one needs to be able to jump in and out of the states for complete selfing (s = 1) or complete outcrossing (s = 0). As we ... Therefore, linkage disequilibrium should be incorporated into this model as in a new version of STRUCTURE (Falush et al. 2003 ... The drawback to such an approach is that we may sometimes "overshrink" and downwardly or upwardly bias the estimation for some ...
more infohttp://www.genetics.org/content/176/3/1635

Frontiers | Disrupted Modularity and Local Connectivity of Brain Functional Networks in Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia |...Frontiers | Disrupted Modularity and Local Connectivity of Brain Functional Networks in Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia |...

Other network measures of local organization such as clustering were also decreased, while complementary measures of global ... The layout is organized by complete linkage hierarchical clustering, according to the dendrogram shown at the left of the ... hierarchical cluster analysis has been used to decompose the brain into a small number of functional modules that resemble ... Another serious drawback of the spin glass algorithm is that it is by far the slowest computationally of the 3. ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnsys.2010.00147/full

Gut microbiota functions: metabolism of nutrients and other food components | SpringerLinkGut microbiota functions: metabolism of nutrients and other food components | SpringerLink

... principal components analysis (PCA), and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) and the supervised approach, projection to ... It is evident from several studies that the complete metabolism of polyphenol glycosides in the gut requires the involvement of ... there are drawbacks, in particular, it clearly focuses only on those gut microorganisms that can be cultured in vitro. ... and chaperone proteins involved in protein folding and Fe-S cluster formation. About 10% of the total proteome comprised ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-017-1445-8

Frontiers | Complete Genome Analysis of Thermus parvatiensis and Comparative Genomics of Thermus spp. Provide Insights into...Frontiers | Complete Genome Analysis of Thermus parvatiensis and Comparative Genomics of Thermus spp. Provide Insights into...

Additionally, we performed a comparative analysis of competence loci wide Thermus genomes and found evidence for recent ... a comprehensive cluster analysis method (based on Markov clustering) which clusters conserved sequence families and potential ... However, a drawback of the above methods is that they fall short of taking in account the intragenomic heterogeneity that is ... average linkage). Similar dendrogram was generated using a two-way matrix of tetranucleotide frequencies calculated using ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01410/full

Dienekes Anthropology Blog: 2014Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: 2014

Model-Based Clustering of World Craniometric Variation. Word craniometric analysis with MCLUST revisited. A colorful view of ... Crucial to these findings has been an approach to analysis that accounts for linkage disequilibrium.. ... an estimated 350 hours and 85GB of RAM using PLINK2. A recently published O(MN2) time method, flashpca, did not complete on ... A drawback of the statistic is that it requires a large number of permutations to assess the significance of the association, ...
more infohttp://dienekes.blogspot.com/2014/

Dienekes Anthropology Blog: ASHG 2014 titles and abstractsDienekes' Anthropology Blog: ASHG 2014 titles and abstracts

Model-Based Clustering of World Craniometric Variation. Word craniometric analysis with MCLUST revisited. A colorful view of ... Crucial to these findings has been an approach to analysis that accounts for linkage disequilibrium.. ... an estimated 350 hours and 85GB of RAM using PLINK2. A recently published O(MN2) time method, flashpca, did not complete on ... A drawback of the statistic is that it requires a large number of permutations to assess the significance of the association, ...
more infohttp://dienekes.blogspot.com/2014/08/ashg-2014-titles.html

ISMB ECCB 2009ISMB ECCB 2009

Mendelian diseases can be characterized by linkage analysis (classical association studies) - Oliver Hofmann ... a specific fold.This study involved large-scale computations such as the structural comparison and clustering of the complete ... Drawbacks: slow; not very sensitive to fragmentary matches; unable to identify novel repeats. - Gabriele Sales ... can cluster the human phenome - Michael Kuhn. ...more.... ↑ TOP. Highlights Track: HL14. Visualizing Genomic Dark Matter: ...
more infohttp://www.iscb.org/cms_addon/conferences/ismbeccb2009/highlights.php

Community structure - WikipediaCommunity structure - Wikipedia

... and complete linkage clustering, in which all nodes within every group have similarity greater than a threshold. An interesting ... It must be based on analyses of networks of known structure. A typical example is the "four groups" test, in which a network is ... In spite of its known drawbacks, one of the most widely used methods for community detection is modularity maximization.[12] ... Reichardt, J.; Leone, M. (2008). "(Un)detectable Cluster Structure in Sparse Networks". Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 (78701): 1-4. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_structure

Minicourse on Network ScienceMinicourse on Network Science

Complete linkage: maximum between all pairs of nodes in two clusters • Average linkage: average between all pairs of nodes in ... new data either assigned to one of existing cluster, OR 3. new data form new cluster, and two existing clusters are merged ... Social Network Analysis (SNA) of data • dynamic (temporal) analysis • data visualization Requirements • steep learning curve ( ... main drawback: it requires global knowledge (of A), so it is query-dependent ...
more infohttps://www.slideshare.net/ploskot/minicourse-on-network-science

Plus itPlus it

This could be the distance between the two closest (single linkage) or farthest (complete linkage) members of the clusters, or ... This shows a drawback of hierarchial clustering in that the diagnosis of any individual patient can be strongly dependent on ... Methods for assessing reproducibility of clustering patterns observed in analyses of microarray data. Bioinformatics 2002;18: ... average linkage). In the clonality literature, two tumors from a patient are considered to be of clonal origin if they cluster ...
more infohttp://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/16/5/1358

US Patent # 9,637,786. Method for sequencing a polynucleotide template - Patents.comUS Patent # 9,637,786. Method for sequencing a polynucleotide template - Patents.com

... and the cluster or colony will itself typically form part of an array of many such clusters or colonies. The terms "cluster" ... 2) Cleavage of Diol Linkages Diol linkages can be introduced by including a suitable linkage into one of the primers used for ... A major drawback of this approach based in hybridisation of blocked and unblocked primers is that if it is desired to sequence ... Saiki et al., "Analysis of enzymatically amplified . . . -globin and HLA-DQ . . . DNA with allele-specific oligonucleotide ...
more infohttp://patents.com/us-9637786.html

Use of Allele-Specific FAIRE to Determine Functional Regulatory Polymorphism Using Large-Scale Genotyping Arrays | proLékaře.czUse of Allele-Specific FAIRE to Determine Functional Regulatory Polymorphism Using Large-Scale Genotyping Arrays | proLékaře.cz

The seven SNPs in complete LD with rs7120118 were examined by the same analysis from the Metabochip using all 9 heterozygous ... identifying the causal SNP from potentially hundreds of other SNPs that are simply in near or complete linkage disequilibrium ( ... Indeed, a nearby cluster of transcription factor binding sites determined by ChIP-seq includes a site for c-Jun binding (Figure ... Future genotyping chips containing all common SNPs associated with diseases/traits could potentially resolve this drawback. For ...
more infohttps://www.prolekare.cz/casopisy/plos-genetics/2012-8/use-of-allele-specific-faire-to-determine-functional-regulatory-polymorphism-using-large-scale-genotyping-arrays-42883

Genome-wide data reveal cryptic diversity and genetic introgression in an Oriental cynopterine fruit bat radiation | BMC...Genome-wide data reveal cryptic diversity and genetic introgression in an Oriental cynopterine fruit bat radiation | BMC...

Further analyses of shared variation of SNPs using Pattersons D statistics suggest introgression between this lineage and C. ... Multivariate analyses of morphology using genetically classified grouping confirmed substantial morphological overlap between C ... Analysis of microsatellites, cytochrome b gene sequences, and restriction digestion based genome-wide data revealed that C. ... Comparisons across various K values revealed two admixed genomic clusters within C. sphinx at K = 3 and K = 4, one cluster ...
more infohttps://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-016-0599-y

A genome-wide linkage scan and targeted family-based association analysis of dyslexia - UBC Library Open CollectionsA genome-wide linkage scan and targeted family-based association analysis of dyslexia - UBC Library Open Collections

Only 185kb separates the distal cluster VMP/DCDC2/KAAG1 from the more proximal KIAA0319/TTRAP/THEM2 cluster. One study has ... and our past linkage studies, revealing that genetic variation in these two gene clusters are not of major importance in the ... Despite these drawbacks, the genetic mapping of dyslexia-susceptibility loci has seen a higher degree of replication than usual ... captured the variation seen in the complete set (de Bakker et al 2005). The r2 statistic was employed to measure the degree of ...
more infohttps://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0066433

Assessing the ability of the Drug-Associated Risk Tool (DART) questionnaire to stratify hospitalised older patients according...Assessing the ability of the Drug-Associated Risk Tool (DART) questionnaire to stratify hospitalised older patients according...

Using the cluster analysis, we were able to identify two clusters with 61 and 42 observations, respectively. The two clusters ... For this reason, Backhaus and colleagues recommend a preceding single linkage hierarchical cluster analysis with squared ... With the DART, we present a questionnaire that asks the patients about their medicine use and is intended to be completed by ... needs to include explicit as well as implicit criteria of inappropriate prescribing to balance the benefits and drawbacks of ...
more infohttps://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/8/6/e021284

Establishment of an orthotopic patient-derived xenograft mouse model using uveal melanoma hepatic metastasis | Journal of...Establishment of an orthotopic patient-derived xenograft mouse model using uveal melanoma hepatic metastasis | Journal of...

Paolo Fortina). Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis based on Euclidean distance combined with complete linkage was ... a Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of paired patient tumors and xenograft tumors based on DNA copy number analysis. X 0 ... A major drawback of orthotopic hepatic PDX models is difficulty in measuring tumor growth. In this regard, we confirmed that CT ... Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis based on Pearson distance combined with average linkage was performed using MeV 4.8 ...
more infohttps://translational-medicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12967-017-1247-z
  • Due to the complex nature of gene regulation , with regulatory elements commonly occurring up to 100 kb from a transcription start site (TSS), identifying the causal SNP from potentially hundreds of other SNPs that are simply in near or complete linkage disequilibrium (LD) with one identified from GWAS, is a challenging undertaking. (prolekare.cz)
  • Analyses of the tumors for genome-wide copy number changes using array CGH technology has been used for this purpose in a number of research settings. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Analysis of microsatellites, cytochrome b gene sequences, and restriction digestion based genome-wide data revealed that C. sphinx and C. brachyotis do not hybridize in contact zones. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A genome-wide non-parametric linkage (NPL) study and four targeted fine-mapping family-based association studies were performed to locate the genes predisposing to PCD in 101 Canadian families with multiple affected members. (ubc.ca)
  • Further analyses of shared variation of SNPs using Patterson's D statistics suggest introgression between this lineage and C. sphinx . (biomedcentral.com)
  • which implements a Bayesian clustering algorithm that simultaneously estimates locus allele frequencies and probabilistically assigns individuals to one of K subpopulations. (genetics.org)
  • Additionally, we performed a comparative analysis of competence loci wide Thermus genomes and found evidence for recent horizontal acquisition of the locus and continued dispersal among members reflecting that natural competence is a beneficial survival trait among Thermus members and its acquisition depicts unending evolution in order to accomplish optimal fitness. (frontiersin.org)
  • The NPL scan identified suggestive evidence for linkage with PCD at the two novel regions 16p12 and 4q12-q13, and provided independent confirmation of linkage to the well-replicated DYX3 locus (at 2p21). (ubc.ca)
  • The statistical methods of linkage and association were employed to investigate the genetic susceptibility for phonological coding dyslexia (PCD), a common form of dyslexia characterized by difficulties in single word decoding and resulting from deficits in phonological processing. (ubc.ca)
  • a clique , that is, a subset of nodes in a graph such that every two nodes in the subset are connected by an edge can be considered as a prototypical form of cluster. (wikipedia.org)
  • This technique relies on the existence of a ChIP-grade antibody to recognise each DNA-bound transcription factor, and is the major limitation towards the complete characterisation of all human TF binding sites . (prolekare.cz)
  • Modern techniques for molecular analysis of the two tumor specimens to detect common somatic changes offer the promise of more accurate classification of the second tumor as either a metastasis or a second independent primary. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We also explain how to construct the problem in a more appropriate, hypothesis testing framework, and provide comparative analyses of data from patients with lung cancer to illustrate the concepts. (aacrjournals.org)
  • for example, DBSCAN and OPTICS defines clusters as connected dense regions in the data space. (wikipedia.org)
  • The underlying functionality of many of the recent tools used in multiomics data analysis (iCluster, and iClusterPlus [ 3 ]) or cancer analysis (ConsensusCluster (CC) and CCPlus [ 4 , 5 ]) was built using k-means. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Though this type of method has been widely applied in the literature due to its easiness and appropriate level of clustering accuracy, it does not cluster based on data distribution as covariance information has not been employed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If we can gather more information from a limited amount of data then the clustering performance can be improved. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These classifications enable the selection of important clusters for interpretation of the data. (biomedcentral.com)
  • SNP data were integrated to pre-existing ALFP, ESTP, and SSR markers to construct two individual linkage maps and a composite map for white spruce and black spruce genomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Besides the term clustering , there are a number of terms with similar meanings, including automatic classification , numerical taxonomy , botryology (from Greek βότρυς "grape") and typological analysis . (wikipedia.org)
  • the most well known unsupervised neural network is the self-organizing map and these models can usually be characterized as similar to one or more of the above models, and including subspace models when neural networks implement a form of Principal Component Analysis or Independent Component Analysis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Method compares all the clusters in the cluster tree with all the classes using a measure that is similar to a commonly used hypergeometric distribution-based p-value measure [ 4 ] and looks for optimal correlation of the gene classes and the clusters from different tree branches. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Additionally, it may specify the relationship of the clusters to each other, for example, a hierarchy of clusters embedded in each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figure 2 shows a univariate density with four modes and the corresponding cluster tree with initial split at λ = and subsequent splits at λ = , Estimating the cluster tree is a fundamental goal of nonparametric cluster analysis. (technodocbox.com)
  • we would like a four cluster solution, one per group. (technodocbox.com)
  • Other network measures of local organization such as clustering were also decreased, while complementary measures of global efficiency and robustness were increased, in the COS group. (frontiersin.org)
  • A cluster analysis was conducted to assess the discriminatory potential of the DART to group patients according to number (low and high) of identified DRPs. (bmj.com)
  • To explore the potential value of high-throughput genotyping assays in the analysis of large and complex genomes, we designed two highly multiplexed Illumina bead arrays using the GoldenGate SNP assay for gene mapping in white spruce ( Picea glauca [Moench] Voss) and black spruce ( Picea mariana [Mill. (biomedcentral.com)
  • More importantly, this analysis reveals that over 500,000 unique lung cancer biomarkers exist. (iscb.org)
  • Some support for linkage was noted at a further five regions previously linked to dyslexia, while no linkage was detected at five other reportedly-linked regions, in particular, no linkage to DYX2 (6p22.2). (ubc.ca)