Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxybenzene structure.
A fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid.
The sodium salt of BENZOIC ACID. It is used as an antifungal preservative in pharmaceutical preparations and foods. It may also be used as a test for liver function.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of BENZOATE to 4-hydroxybenzoate. It requires IRON and tetrahydropteridine.
Methyl, propyl, butyl, and ethyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. They have been approved by the FDA as antimicrobial agents for foods and pharmaceuticals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed, p872)
Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacteria including species which are often associated with grasses (POACEAE) and which fix nitrogen as well as species which anaerobically degrade toluene and other mono-aromatic hydrocarbons.
The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.
A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.
Benzoate derivatives substituted by one or more hydroxy groups in any position on the benzene ring.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Oxidases that specifically introduce DIOXYGEN-derived oxygen atoms into a variety of organic molecules.
Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that include a double bond between carbon 2 and 3 of the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.
A group of PROTEOBACTERIA represented by morphologically diverse, anaerobic sulfidogens. Some members of this group are considered bacterial predators, having bacteriolytic properties.
Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.
Salts and esters of hippuric acid.
The complete absence, or (loosely) the paucity, of gaseous or dissolved elemental oxygen in a given place or environment. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, phototrophic bacteria found in aquatic environments. Internal photosynthetic membranes are present as lamellae underlying the cytoplasmic membrane.
Organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen in the form of an unsaturated, usually hexagonal ring structure. The compounds can be single ring, or double, triple, or multiple fused rings.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and water as well as clinical specimens. Occasionally it is an opportunistic pathogen.
2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of catechol to muconic acid with the use of Fe3+ as a cofactor. This enzyme was formerly characterized as EC 1.13.1.1 and EC 1.99.2.2.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.
A widely used industrial solvent.
An antiseptic and disinfectant aromatic alcohol.
Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more nitro groups.
A family of isomeric, colorless aromatic hydrocarbon liquids, that contain the general formula C6H4(CH3)2. They are produced by the destructive distillation of coal or by the catalytic reforming of petroleum naphthenic fractions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.
Non-heme iron-containing enzymes that incorporate two atoms of OXYGEN into the substrate. They are important in biosynthesis of FLAVONOIDS; GIBBERELLINS; and HYOSCYAMINE; and for degradation of AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.
Salts and esters of gentisic acid.
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria able to anaerobically oxidize and degrade toluene.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria of the family MORAXELLACEAE, found in soil and water and of uncertain pathogenicity.
Enzymes that catalyze the formation of acyl-CoA derivatives. EC 6.2.1.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Analogs or derivatives of mandelic acid (alpha-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid).
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water. Although considered to be normally nonpathogenic, this bacterium is a causative agent of nosocomial infections, particularly in debilitated individuals.
Surgical removal or artificial destruction of gonads.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
The tree which is known for its bark which is sold as cinnamon. The oil contains about 65-80% cinnamaldehyde and 10% EUGENOL and many TERPENES.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
The salts or esters of salicylic acids, or salicylate esters of an organic acid. Some of these have analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.
Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.
A red yeast-like mitosporic fungal genus generally regarded as nonpathogenic. It is cultured from numerous sources in human patients.
Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.
Benzoic acid esters or salts substituted with one or more iodine atoms.
S-Acyl coenzyme A. Fatty acid coenzyme A derivatives that are involved in the biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids as well as in ceramide formation.
The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.
The measurement of radiation by photography, as in x-ray film and film badge, by Geiger-Mueller tube, and by SCINTILLATION COUNTING.
Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.
A group of compounds that has the general structure of a dicarboxylic acid-substituted benzene ring. The ortho-isomer is used in dye manufacture. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Occurrence or induction of ESTRUS in all of the females in a group at the same time, applies only to non-primate mammals with ESTROUS CYCLE.
A microtubule-disrupting pre-emergence herbicide.
Inorganic compounds that contain the OH- group.
The sole genus in the family Methanospirillaceae whose organisms are progressively motile by means of polar, tufted flagella. They have been isolated from sewage-sludge and pear waste digesters as well as marine and non-marine habitats.
A bacterial genus of the order ACTINOMYCETALES.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Catalyzes the oxidation of catechol to 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde in the carbazole and BENZOATE degradation via HYDROXYLATION pathways. It also catalyzes the conversion of 3-methylcatechol to cis, cis-2-hydroxy-6-oxohept-2,4-dienoate in the TOLUENE and XYLENE degradation pathway. This enzyme was formerly characterized as EC 1.13.1.2.
Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more bromine atoms.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Organisms in this genus had originally been classified as members of the PSEUDOMONAS genus but overwhelming biochemical and chemical findings indicated the need to separate them from other Pseudomonas species, and hence, this new genus was created.
Astatine. A radioactive halogen with the atomic symbol At, atomic number 85, and atomic weight 210. Its isotopes range in mass number from 200 to 219 and all have an extremely short half-life. Astatine may be of use in the treatment of hyperthyroidism.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
An anabolic steroid used mainly as an anabolic agent in veterinary practice.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.
Sexual activities of animals.
Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.
The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Administration of the total dose of radiation (RADIATION DOSAGE) in parts, at timed intervals.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, metal-reducing bacteria in the family Geobacteraceae. They have the ability to oxidize a variety of organic compounds, including AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of heptanedioic acid with the general formula R-C7H11O4.
Chemical, biological, or medical measures designed to prevent the spread of ticks or the concomitant infestations which result in tick-borne diseases. It includes the veterinary as well as the public health aspects of tick and mite control.
The total amount of radiation absorbed by tissues as a result of radiotherapy.
The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.
A urea cycle disorder manifesting in infancy as lethargy, emesis, seizures, alterations of muscle tone, abnormal eye movements, and an elevation of serum ammonia. The disorder is caused by a reduction in the activity of hepatic mitochondrial CARBAMOYL-PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE (AMMONIA). (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp50-1)
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Derivatives of SUCCINIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a 1,4-carboxy terminated aliphatic structure.
A family of bacteria found in the mouth and intestinal and respiratory tracts of man and other animals as well as in the human female urogenital tract. Its organisms are also found in soil and on cereal grains.
A surface anesthetic that acts by preventing transmission of impulses along NERVE FIBERS and at NERVE ENDINGS.
A phase of the ESTROUS CYCLES that follows METESTRUS. Diestrus is a period of sexual quiescence separating phases of ESTRUS in polyestrous animals.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.
Organometallic compounds which contain tin and three alkyl groups.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID that contain one or more amino groups attached to the benzene ring structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobenzoate structure.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
Benzoic acids, salts, or esters that contain an amino group attached to carbon number 2 or 6 of the benzene ring structure.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
An order of CRUSTACEA that are parasitic on freshwater fish.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
The univalent radical OH. Hydroxyl radical is a potent oxidizing agent.
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.
In bacteria, a group of metabolically related genes, with a common promoter, whose transcription into a single polycistronic MESSENGER RNA is under the control of an OPERATOR REGION.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
"Relationship between dose of emamectin benzoate and molting response of ovigerous American lobsters (Homarus americanus)". ... The benzoate salt of emamectin in particular has found widespread use as an insecticide and is approved by the EPA for use in ... "Emamectin Benzoate" (PDF). SERA TR-052-23-03b Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment. Atlanta GA: USDA/Forest Service. ... "Emamectin benzoate Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment FINAL REPORT." SESA, USDA Forest Services, 28 Oct. 2010. ...
A recent dose-finding trial compared the standard available dose of 150/10 with a lower dose of 90/6, and concluded the lower ... DHPA is used in combination with estradiol enantate (E2-EN) or estradiol benzoate butyrate (EBB) as a once-monthly combined ... The combination of DHPA and estradiol enantate has also been studied at other doses ranging from 75 to 200 mg DHPA and 5 to 50 ... The dose required to induce secretory changes in primed endometrium is about 250 mg. per menstrual cycle. Willibald Pschyrembel ...
A phase III clinical trial comparing high-dose intramuscular cyproterone acetate (300 mg/week) and high-dose intramuscular ... Oestradiol benzoate is short-acting (three days to a week). Oestradiol valerianate is somewhat longer-acting, and oestradiol ... Equal doses were used corresponding to 20 mg of free estradiol 17β. Estradiol 17β, estrone, FSH and LH were measured in serum ... It has been used at doses of 100 to as much as 800 mg per month by intramuscular injection for this purpose. Estradiol ...
The first estrogen ester to be marketed was estradiol benzoate in 1933, which was followed by many more. One of the most widely ... Estrogen esters are used in hormone therapy, hormonal contraception, and high-dose estrogen therapy (e.g., for prostate cancer ... It has been said that, via intramuscular injection, the duration of estradiol benzoate (with an ester of length 1 carbon plus a ... Chemical structures of estradiol and major estradiol esters Estradiol Estradiol acetate Estradiol benzoate Estradiol ...
It has also been marketed in combination with estradiol benzoate under the brand names Femandren M and Folivirin. Testosterone ... This equates to a dose of 50 mg per ampoule. Testosterone isobutyrate (25 mg) is also available in combination with estradiol ... Estradiol benzoate/testosterone isobutyrate William Llewellyn (2011). Anabolics. Molecular Nutrition Llc. pp. 314-322. ISBN 978 ... Elles renferment, sous forme de microcristaux, 2,5 mg de mono- benzoate d'œstradiol et 50 mg d'isobutyra- te de testostérone; ...
Wiley himself felt that he had found adverse effects from large doses of each of the preservatives and the public seemed to ... benzoate, formaldehyde, sulfites, and salicylates. The table trials captured the nation's fancy and were soon dubbed "The ... Wiley recruited young men to eat all their meals at a common table as he added increased "doses" of preservatives including ... monitoring of purity and dose, and consumer education. Arlene F. Kantor, "Upton Sinclair and the Pure Food and Drugs Act of ...
One is to try to reduce the dose of sulfur dioxide, which is already happening. The second is to study the chemical structure ... It has been reported that many food preservatives, including sorbitan, hydrogen peroxide, benzoic acid and sodium benzoate, can ... cause health problems, especially in high doses. In addition, as mentioned in the controversy section, the adverse effects of ...
About 70% of the dose is excreted in the feces and 30% in the urine; less than 2% of the dose is excreted unchanged into the ... sodium benzoate and purified water in addition to the API. It was approved for marketing under the brand name Fycompa by the ... Perampanel is liable to be abused; very high doses produced euphoria responses similar to ketamine. It is designated as a ... Perampanel is liable to be abused; very high doses produced euphoria responses similar to ketamine, although subjects liked it ...
Dose. Vehicle. Brand Names. Availability • Estradiol valerate / • Norethisterone enantate. 5 mg EV. 50 mg NETE. Oil solution. ... Estradiol benzoate / • Hydroxyprogesterone caproate. 10 mg EV. 1 mg EB. 250 mg OHPC. Oil solution?. Sin-Ol†. Discontinued (firm ... b = In divided doses (2 × 125 or 250 mg for OHPC, 10 × 20 mg for P4). c = Half-life is ~14 days. Sources: Main: See template. ... Estradiol benzoate butyrate / • Algestone acetophenide. 10 mg EBB. 150 mg DHPA. Oil solution?. Redimen, Soluna, Unijab, Unimens ...
While the doses taken up by bees are not lethal, there may be chronic problems caused by long-term exposure. In January 2013, ... emamectin benzoate, fipronil, and the neonicotinoids clothianidin, thiamethoxam, and dinotefuran. The majority of studies that ... In these studies, sub-lethal doses of 1-24μg/kg and 0.1 - 20 ng/bee have been shown to impair navigation, foraging behavior, ... Lead author of the study, Chensheng (Alex) Lu, stated that experiments showed a dose of 20 parts per billion of imidacloprid ( ...
Along with estradiol valerate, estradiol undecylate, and estradiol benzoate, estradiol cypionate is used as a form of high-dose ... The doses used to induce puberty in girls are 0.2 to 2.5 mg per month, gradually increased over a period of 4 years. Estradiol ... High-dose estrogen therapy with estradiol cypionate injections may also cause an increased risk of thromboembolism, changes in ...
Along with estradiol cypionate, estradiol undecylate, and estradiol benzoate, estradiol valerate is used as a form of high-dose ... It is also used as a form of high-dose estrogen therapy in the treatment of prostate cancer in men. Low-dose oral estradiol ... A study of high-dose oral estradiol valerate found levels of estradiol of about 250 pg/mL after a single 10-mg dose in three ... of the amount of estradiol of an equal dose of estradiol. Aside from dose adjustment to account for the difference in molecular ...
Oral mucositis is a severe side-effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy during cancer treatment, and is often a dose-limiting ... Elyzol 25% dental gel contains metronidazole in the form of metronidazole benzoate as the active substance. Metronidazole is an ...
The enantiomers are separated by chiral resolution in reaction with methyl benzoate, selective crystallisation followed by ... United States Pharmacopeia 23[clarification needed] Japanese Pharmacopoeia 15 Food Chemicals Codex The estimated lethal dose ... In both cases with further processing (crystallizative entrainment resolution of the menthyl benzoate conglomerate) it is ... Medicine portal Aroma compound Carvone Chlorobutanol Ethyl benzoate Ethyl salicylate Menthoxypropanediol Methyl salicylate ...
... the doses of estrogens used in transgender women are often higher than replacement doses used in cisgender women. This is to ... and diethylstilbestrol and with parenteral estrogens such as estradiol benzoate, estradiol valerate, estradiol cypionate, and ... "Is a lower dose of cyproterone acetate as effective at testosterone suppression in transgender women as higher doses?". ... The combination of a sufficient dosage of a progestogen with very small doses of an estrogen (e.g., as little as 0.5-1.5 mg/day ...
Emamectin benzoate, which is the active agent in the formulation SLICE, has been used since 1999 and has a greater safety ... The first avermectin used was ivermectin at doses close to the therapeutic level and was not submitted for legal approval for ... "Depletion of Emamectin Benzoate (SLICE®) from Skeletal Muscle (and Skin) of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) following a Multiple ... Use of deltamethrin has been increasing as an alternate treatment with the rise in resistance observed with emamectin benzoate ...
... benzoate, succinate) to complex biomolecules, including DNA. This has led to an intense interest in the use of LDH intercalates ... which could reduce the frequency of doses of medication needed to treat a disorder. Further effort has been expended on the ...
20 per dose without fear of legal reprisals. KV Pharmaceutical also opted to reduced its price of Makena to US$690 per dose. ... 1). The medication is or was available in combination with estradiol benzoate in the form of ampoules of 125-250 mg OHPC and 10 ... However, the dose of OHPC used in once-a-month combined injectable contraceptives is 250 mg, and this combination is effective ... OHPC was studied by Schering for use as a progestogen-only injectable contraceptive at a dose of 250 to 500 mg once a month by ...
In addition, chemicals often exhibit dose-response relationships and so the food may not trigger the same response each time. ... Natural chemicals such as benzoates and salicylates found in food are identical to artificial additives in food processing and ... Gradually increasing the amount up to high doses over 3 to 7 days to see if exacerbated reactions are provoked before ...
When given in large doses to laboratory animals, benzyl benzoate can cause hyperexcitation, loss of coordination, ataxia, ... Benzyl benzoate is produced industrially by the reaction of sodium benzoate with benzyl alcohol in the presence of a base, or ... Benzyl benzoate is used as a topical acaricide, scabicide, and pediculicide in veterinary hospitals. Benzyl benzoate is used as ... Benzyl benzoate is an organic compound which is used as a medication and insect repellent. As a medication it is used to treat ...
Doses above 8 mg/kg have brief hypotensive effects in canines. High doses depress motor activity in the rat and mouse, with the ... Methyl 3-(2-(benzylmethylamino)ethyl)benzoate hydrochloride 3-(2-benzylmethylaminoethyl) benzoic acid methyl ester ... Doses up to 200 mg/kg are not observed to have stimulant properties, and a dosage of 20 mg/kg does not potentiate the effects ... enhanced learning and subsequent retention in humans as a result of low oral doses of new psychotropic agent". ...
Some individuals may be so sensitive that low dose aspirin therapy can increase risk for both atopy and WDEIA. Wheat allergies ... As with exercise induced anaphylaxis, aspirin (also: tartrazine, sodium benzoate, sodium glutamate (MSG), sodium metabisulfite ...
The ratio of therapeutic doses of caffeine base to its citrate salt is typically 1:2. Dosing should therefore be clearly ... "Caffeine; Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection; Caffeine Citrate". The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ... Doses of caffeine citrate, due to the added weight of the citrate moiety, are understandably higher than with caffeine base, i. ... e., it takes a larger dose to get the same amount of caffeine. ...
International Programme on Chemical Safety - Benzoic Acid and Sodium Benzoate report Kubota K, Ishizaki T (1991). "Dose- ... Sodium benzoate has been replaced by potassium sorbate in the majority of soft drinks in the United Kingdom. Sodium benzoate ... Sodium benzoate, along with phenylbutyrate, is used to treat hyperammonemia. Sodium benzoate, along with caffeine, is used to ... In combination with ascorbic acid (vitamin C, E300), sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate may form benzene. In 2006, the Food ...
A single dose of 2.5 mg estradiol benzoate in oil solution by intramuscular injection was found to produce plasma estradiol ... The sublingual potency of estradiol benzoate is similar to that of estradiol. A study found that the total dose of estradiol ... The duration of action of estradiol benzoate in oil solution by intramuscular injection at typical clinical doses (e.g., 0.33- ... Estradiol benzoate is the generic name of the drug and its INN, BANM, and JAN, while oestradiol benzoate was formerly its BANM ...
... estradiol benzoate, estradiol undecylate, estradiol valerate, polyestradiol phosphate) Estramustine phosphate (an estradiol ... High-dose estrogen (HDE) is a type of hormone therapy in which high doses of estrogens are given. When given in combination ... August 2009). "Lower-dose vs high-dose oral estradiol therapy of hormone receptor-positive, aromatase inhibitor-resistant ... A study that used high- to very-high-dose oral estradiol to treat postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive breast ...
Bonnema, Jorien; Dalebout, Joanneke A. (1992). "The abuse of high dose estrogen/progestin combination drugs in delay of ... It is also known as estradiol 3-benzoate 17β-n-butyrate or as estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17β-diol 3-benzoate 17β-n-butyrate. The ... Estradiol benzoate butyrate (EBB), sold under the brand names Neolutin N, Redimen, Soluna, and Unijab and formerly known under ... The oestradiol benzoate butyrate and dipropionate were supplied by Dr. Miescher (of Ciba Ltd.) who recently described their ...
... what doses are safe and effective is especially not clear. Lemon balm contains eugenol, tannins, and terpenes. It also contains ... octyl benzoate, oleanolic acid, pomolic acid ((1R)-hydroxyursolic acid), protocatechuic acid, rhamnazin, rosmarinic acid, ...
A recent dose-finding trial compared the standard available dose of 150/10 with a lower dose of 90/6, and concluded the lower ... Oestradiol benzoate is short-acting (three days to a week). Oestradiol valerianate is somewhat longer-acting, and oestradiol ... A single dose of 25 mg. of the diundecanate gave a therapeutic effect lasting 3 weeks. 241206 ES 241206, "Esters of cortical ... Treating 10 g. estradiol benzoate in 30 cc.dry C5H5N dropwise with 4.3 g. n-C6H13COCl (b20 71-2°), heating 1 hr. at 50-60°, ...
They have also been shown to cause dose dependent G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in leukemia cell lines where the analogs showed 100 ... benzoate, and hydrogenation of the nitro group. In the synthesis of apremilast, compound 3 in scheme 5 is produced in a 41% ... "Revlimid (lenalidomide) dosing, indications, interactions, adverse effects, and more". Medscape references. Retrieved 18 ... 52 (1): 1-7. doi:10.1111/j.1741-4520.2011.00351.x. "Thalomid (Thalidomide) dosing, indications, interactions, adverse effects, ...
... "the eliciting dose for an allergic reaction in 1% of the population" as ED01. This threshold reference dose for foods (such as ... A second dose of epinephrine may be required for severe reactions. The person should then be transported to the emergency room ... 2014). "Allergen reference doses for precautionary labeling (VITAL 2.0): clinical implications". J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 133 ... 2014). "Establishment of Reference Doses for residues of allergenic foods: report of the VITAL Expert Panel". Food Chem. ...
Examples include the use of high doses of pyridoxine (vitamin B6) in some patients with homocystinuria to boost the activity of ... and the use of sodium benzoate to decrease ammonia build-up in urea cycle disorders. ...
A single dose of ivermectin gives a rapid and durable decrease in body burden of eyeworm (Loa loa). The risk of ivermectin- ... Brooks PA, Grace RF (August 2002). "Ivermectin is better than benzyl benzoate for childhood scabies in developing countries". ... A single oral dose of ivermectin, taken once or twice a year for the 10-15-year lifespan of the adult worms, is required to ... A single dose of ivermectin reduces microfilaridermia by 98-99% after 1-2 months.[14] Ivermectin does not kill adult worms. ...
In 2013 Skyla, a lower dose levonorgestrel IUD effective for up to three years, was approved by the FDA.[78] Skyla has a ... When using Mirena, about 0.1% of the maternal dose of levonorgestrel can be transferred via milk to the nursed infant.[30] A ...
Dose increases may overcome the effects of tolerance, but tolerance may then develop to the higher dose and adverse effects may ... The pH of diazepam is neutral (i.e., pH = 7). Due to additives such as benzoic acid/benzoate in the injectable form.[ ... 0.01 per dose as of 2014[update].[15] In the United States, it is about US$0.40 per dose.[7] ... Small doses of theophylline may inhibit the action of diazepam.[79]. *Diazepam may block the action of levodopa (used in the ...
To prevent this, the drug is usually prescribed with a tapering dose, including a predosed "dose pack" detailing a specific ... Corticosterone benzoate. *Cortisol (hydrocortisone) *Benzodrocortisone (hydrocortisone benzoate). *Hydrocortamate ( ... Also, live, attenuated vaccines can be bad for people taking immunosuppressive doses of methylprednisolone. The exception to ... The only formulation that can be given intravenously is methylprednisolone succinate (Solu-medrol). Medrol dose packs are ...
Estradiol benzoate. 0.5 mg 1x/week. 1 mg 1x/week. 1.5 mg 1x/week ... and with different doses or method of use.[16] Comparisons ... At the time, The WHI recommended that women with non-surgical menopause take the lowest feasible dose of HRT for the shortest ... The authors of the study recommended that women with non-surgical menopause take the lowest feasible dose of hormones for the ... Estradiol esters (e.g., estradiol acetate, estradiol benzoate, estradiol cypionate, estradiol enanthate, estradiol undecylate, ...
Goldenberg SL, Bruchovsky N, Gleave ME, Sullivan LD (June 1996). "Low-dose cyproterone acetate plus mini-dose ... Estradiol benzoate. Bioidentical. Steroidal. ?. 60-140 mg. ?. ?. ?. ? Estriol. Bioidentical. Steroidal. 20 mga. 120-150 mgb. 28 ... "A randomized phase 2 trial of low dose (6 mg daily) versus high dose (30 mg daily) estradiol for patients with estrogen ... DES has been assessed in the past in clinical studies at extremely high doses of as much as 1,500 to 5,000 mg/day.[33][53][54] ...
it has been shown that the repeated oral administration of NET at doses of 0.5 to 3.0 mg to fertile women caused a dose related ... Estradiol esters (e.g., estradiol acetate, estradiol benzoate, estradiol cypionate, estradiol enanthate, estradiol undecylate, ... The medication available in both low-dose and high-dose formulations and is used and formulated both alone and in combination ... Dose. Brand names. Use NET only. Low (e.g., 0.35 mg). Camila, Errin, Heather, Jencycla, Jolivette, Locilan, Micro-Novum, ...
In Germany, alprazolam can be prescribed normally in doses up to 1 mg. Higher doses are scheduled as Anlage III drugs and ... and sodium benzoate. In addition, the 0.25 mg tablet contains D&C Yellow No. 10 and the 0.5 mg tablet contains FD&C Yellow No. ... The maximum recommended daily dose is 10 milligrams per day.[59]. Overdoses of alprazolam can be mild to severe depending on ... In the small subgroup of individuals who escalate their doses there is usually a history of alcohol or other substance use ...
While prolonged low doses of ethylene glycol show no toxicity, at near lethal doses (≥ 1000 mg/kg per day) ethylene glycol acts ... Australia, the UK, and seventeen US states (as of 2012) require the addition of a bitter flavoring (denatonium benzoate) to ...
Fixed-dose combinations[edit]. *Abacavir/lamivudine. *Dolutegravir/lamivudine/tenofovir (dolutegravir + lamivudine + tenofovir) ... Benzyl benzoate. *Permethrin. Diagnostic agents[edit]. Ophthalmic medicines[edit]. *Fluorescein. *Tropicamide. Radiocontrast ... Also listed for single-dose treatment of trachoma and yaws. *^ Third-generation cephalosporin of choice for use in hospitalized ... Other combinations that deliver the target doses required such as 153 mg or 200 mg (as hydrochloride) with 50 mg artesunate can ...
Supplemental doses, or "stress doses" may be required in those with HPA axis suppression who are experiencing a higher degree ... Corticosterone benzoate. *Cortisol (hydrocortisone) *Benzodrocortisone (hydrocortisone benzoate). *Hydrocortamate ( ... During corticosteroid withdrawal, the dose may be reduced rapidly down to physiological doses (equivalent to prednisolone 7.5 ... Prednisone may start to result in the suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis if used at doses 7-10 mg or ...
1997). When very large doses of MSG (,5 g MSG in a bolus dose) are ingested, plasma glutamate concentration will significantly ... The median lethal dose (LD50) is between 15 and 18 g/kg body weight in rats and mice, respectively, five times the LD50 of ... In general, foods providing metabolizable carbohydrate significantly attenuate peak plasma glutamate levels at doses up to 150 ... "there may be a small number of unstable asthmatics who respond to doses of 1.5-2.5 g of MSG in the absence of food". The FASEB ...
The LD50 for oral toxicity is less than 500 mg/kg for dogs, rabbits, or mice; the minimum lethal human dose was cited as 140 mg ... Cryptanaerobacter phenolicus is a bacterium species that produces benzoate from phenol via 4-hydroxybenzoate.[53] Rhodococcus ... When a mixture of phenol and benzoyl chloride are shaken in presence of dilute sodium hydroxide solution, phenyl benzoate is ... nov., an anaerobe that transforms phenol into benzoate via 4-hydroxybenzoate". International Journal of Systematic and ...
Christian C, von Schoultz B (15 March 1994). Hormone Replacement Therapy: Standardized or Individually Adapted Doses?. CRC ... Price TM, Blauer KL, Hansen M, Stanczyk F, Lobo R, Bates GW (March 1997). "Single-dose pharmacokinetics of sublingual versus ... a single dose of estradiol has been found to be sufficient to increase circulating oxytocin concentrations.[33] ... Estradiol benzoate. *Estradiol cypionate. *Estradiol dipropionate. *Estradiol enantate. *Estradiol undecylate. *Estradiol ...
Increased dose resulted in a linear increase of the area under the concentration-time curve and so it is concluded that dose is ... 1,7β,10β-trihydroxy-9-oxo-5β,20-epoxytax-11-ene-2α,4,13α-triyl 4-acetate 2-benzoate 13-{(2R,3S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]- ... Administration a 100 mg/m2 dose over a one-hour infusion gave a mean total body clearance of 21 L/h/m2 and a mean steady state ... In the UK (in 2009) The cost of six cycles (18 weeks) of docetaxel at a dose of 75 mg/m2 IV every 21 days is £5,262 (based on ...
Femring - a low-dose estradiol-acetate releasing ring, manufactured from silicone elastomer, for the relief of hot flashes and ... Estring - a low-dose estradiol-releasing ring, manufactured from silicone elastomer, for the treatment of vaginal atrophy ( ... NuvaRing - a low-dose contraceptive vaginal ring, manufactured from poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate), and releasing etonogestrel ... The hormonal methods, particularly the low-dose progestin-only products and emergency contraceptive pills, have effects on the ...
The short-term lethal dose of melamine is on a par with common table salt with an LD50 of more than 3 grams per kilogram of ... Melamine is reported to have an oral median lethal dose (LD50) of 3248 mg/kg based on rat data. It is also an irritant when ...
The dose used in FDA sunscreen testing is 2 mg/cm2 of exposed skin.[51] If one assumes an "average" adult build of height 5 ft ... Diethylamino Hydroxybenzoyl Hexyl Benzoate 10% (EU, JP) EU, JP Uvasorb HEB Iscotrizinol, Diethylhexyl butamido triazone, DBT 10 ...
... and can have adverse effects at therapeutic doses, though effects from therapeutic doses are typically reversible. Although ... Mercury Benzoate. *Mercuric. *Mercury Bichloride (Corrosive Mercuric Chloride, U.S.P.). *Mercury Chloride ... The type and degree of symptoms exhibited depend upon the individual toxin, the dose, and the method and duration of exposure. ...
"Flagyl, Flagyl ER (metronidazole) dosing, indications, interactions, adverse effects, and more". Medscape Reference. WebMD. ... Metronidazole is bitter and so the liquid suspension contains metronidazole benzoate. This may require hydrolysis in the ... while others state doses for trichomoniasis are safe.[1] Metronidazole is generally considered compatible with breastfeeding.[1 ... High doses and long-term systemic treatment with metronidazole are associated with the development of leucopenia, neutropenia, ...
... high doses can lead to neurotoxicity.[7] Some methoxychlor's metabolites have estrogenic effects in adult and developing ...
Only listed for single‐dose treatment of uncomplicated ano‐genital gonorrhoea *↑ Do not administer with calcium and avoid in ... Benzyl benzoate. *Permethrin. Agèn dhiagnostik[besut , besut sumber]. Usada optalmik[besut , besut sumber]. *Fluorescein ... Other combinations that deliver the target doses required such as 153 mg or 200 mg (as hydrochloride) with 50 mg artesunate can ... Only listed for single‐dose treatment of genital Chlamydia trachomatis and of trachoma ...
... namely those containing high doses of ethinylestradiol (which have been discontinued and are no longer marketed), can increase ... Estradiol benzoate. Steroidal. 0.70. 8.6. ,0.1. ,0.1 Ethinylestradiol. Steroidal. 0.80. 9.9. ,0.1. ,0.1 ...
Insecticides with active ingredients such as azadirachtin, imidacloprid, emamectin benzoate, and dinotefuran are currently used ... such as correcting approved dose rate. Damage from emerald ash borer only increases over time for untreated trees.[6] ...
... the higher dose corresponds to about 30 cans of a diet beverage. Two of the high-dosed monkeys and one of the lower-dosed ...
Some studies on pregnant hamsters showed a significant relationship between exposure of aflatoxin B1 (4 mg/kg, single dose) and ...
Estradiol benzoate. 0.5 mg 1x/week. 1 mg 1x/week. 1.5 mg 1x/week ... and with different doses or method of use.[18] Comparisons ... At the time, The WHI recommended that women with non-surgical menopause take the lowest feasible dose of HRT for the shortest ... The authors of the study recommended that women with non-surgical menopause take the lowest feasible dose of hormones for the ... More recently developed forms of drug delivery are alleged to have increased local effect lower dosing, fewer side effects, and ...
... dosing and administering information to help phsyicans more efficiently and accurately prescribe in their practice PDRs drug ... Maxalt/Rizatriptan/Rizatriptan Benzoate Oral Tab: 5mg, 10mg. Maxalt-MLT/Rizatriptan/Rizatriptan Benzoate Oral Tab Orally Dis: ... There is evidence that the 10 mg dose may be more efficacious than the 5 mg dose; therefore, the appropriate dose should be ... 5 to 10 mg PO as a single dose at migraine onset. In geriatric patients, initiate dosing at the low end of the range and use ...
Text (Whyte-etal-JFD-2013-A-fixed-dose-approach-to-conducting-emamectin-benzoate-tolerance) Whyte_etal_JFD_2013_A_fixed_dose_ ... A fixed-dose approach to conducting emamectin benzoate tolerance assessments on field-collected sea lice, Lepeophtheirus ... This study proposes an adaptation of the traditional, dose-response format bioassay to a fixed-dose method. Analysis of 657 ... A fixed-dose approach to conducting emamectin benzoate tolerance assessments on field-collected sea lice, Lepeophtheirus ...
Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects and dosing information. ... Dosing. The dose of benzyl benzoate will be different for different patients. Follow your doctors orders or the directions on ... The following information includes only the average doses of benzyl benzoate. If your dose is different, do not change it ... Benzyl benzoate is used to treat lice and scabies infestations. benzyl benzoate is believed to be absorbed by the lice and ...
Professional guide for Sodium Phenylacetate and Sodium Benzoate. Includes: pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, contraindications, ... Dosing: Geriatric. Refer to adult dosing.. Dosing: Pediatric. Note: Administer as a loading dose over 90 to 120 minutes, ... Sodium benzoate: Contains sodium benzoate/benzoic acid; benzoic acid (benzoate) is a metabolite of benzyl alcohol; large ... Dosing: Adult. Note: Administer as a loading dose over 90 to 120 minutes, followed by an equivalent maintenance infusion given ...
Repeated dose toxicity: oral. Currently viewing: 001 Weight of evidence , Read-across (Category). 002 Weight of evidence , Read ...
We are Professional Manufacturer of Sodium Benzoate Dose company, Factory & Exporters specialize in Sodium Benzoate Dose wiht ... Find Sodium Benzoate Dose Manufacturers & Suppliers from China. ... Sodium Benzoate Dose. (Total 24 Products for Sodium Benzoate ... on-sale and after-sale products and services for Sodium Benzoate Dose , Sodium Benzoate Powder , Sodium Benzoate Dangers , We ... after-sales service for Sodium Benzoate Dose , Sodium Benzoate Powder , Sodium Benzoate Dangers , More than 26 years Expert ...
... only a single 5-mg dose of rizatriptan benzoate is recommended (maximum dose of 5 mg in a 24-hour period). Rizatriptan benzoate ... 2.1 Dosing Information in Adults. The recommended starting dose of rizatriptan benzoate tablets is either 5 mg or 10 mg for the ... Dosing in pediatric patients is based on the patients body weight. The recommended dose of rizatriptan benzoate is 5 mg in ... A second dose of rizatriptan benzoate tablets was allowed 2 to 24 hours after dosing for treatment of recurrent headache in ...
2.1 Dosing Information in Adults. The recommended starting dose of rizatriptan benzoate tablets is either 5 mg or 10 mg for the ... If your headache comes back after your first rizatriptan benzoate tablet dose: o For adults: a second dose may be taken 2 hours ... A second dose of rizatriptan benzoate tablets was allowed 2 to 24 hours after dosing for treatment of recurrent headache in ... Dosing in pediatric patients is based on the patients body weight. The recommended dose of rizatriptan benzoate tablets is 5 ...
Minor eye irritation at high dose in animals.. Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) 2020. CIR Assessments. Appears as: ; Chemical_ ... ALKYL (C12-C15) BENZOATE, ALKYL BENZOATE, BENZOIC ACID, C12-15 ALKYL ESTERS, BENZOIC ACID, C1215ALKYL ESTERS, C12-15 ALCOHOLS ... C12-15 alkyl benzoate: a new cosmetic allergen?. Contact dermatitis 73(4), 249-50. ... C12-15 alkyl benzoate: a new cosmetic allergen?. Contact dermatitis 73(4), 249-50. ...
Dose descriptor:. LD50. Effect level:. > 2 000 mg/kg bw. Applicants summary and conclusion. ...
A comprehensive guide to side effects including common and rare side effects when taking Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection ... Recommended doses of caffeine and sodium benzoate injection vary from 65-325 mg 3 times daily, to 250 mg of anhydrous caffeine ... Your doctor will determine the appropriate dose. Caffeine and sodium benzoate injection may interact with other drugs. Tell ... Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection is available in generic form. Common side effects of Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate ...
... each pellet containing 2.5 mg estradiol benzoate and 25 mg testosterone propionate) per implant dose. ... estradiol benzoate and testosterone propionate) and COMPONENT E-H with TYLAN (estradiol benzoate and testosterone propionate ... Implantation or Injectable Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Estradiol Benzoate and Testosterone Propionate. A Rule by the Food and ... For heifers weighing 400 pounds or more; for subcutaneous ear implantation, one dose per animal; not for use in dairy or beef ...
Metronidazole benzoate -nide-ah-zole benz-o-ate) 200 mg/5 mL oral suspension; Metronidazole -nide-ah-zole) 500 mg suppositories ... If you are taking more than a single dose of Flagyl, and it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and ... The dose will vary from patient to patient. Your doctor will decide the right dose for you. ... Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed. ... Flagyl S - 200 mg -metronidazole benzoate/5 mL of liquid. ...
Does anyone know a crop dose for sodium benzoate? Should I just mix up a regular dose (1 tsp to 1 liter of water/ 1/4 tsp to 10 ... I really hope that sodium benzoate helps my fids recover. Btw, can I give sodium benzoate in the water as an on-going, long ... However, Ive read that as budgies will naturally drink more in the hot summer months, the full dose of sodium benzoate (1 ... Sodium Benzoate for Megabacteria - What is a safe dose in the hot summer months? ...
Your doctor will give you or your child a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves, and then switch you to an ... Sodium phenylacetate/sodium benzoate (By injection). Introduction. Sodium Benzoate (SOE-dee-um BEN-zoe-ate), Sodium ... Your doctor will prescribe your dose and schedule. This medicine is given through a needle placed in a vein. ...
This topic contains 16 study abstracts on Sodium Benzoate indicating it may contribute to Food Allergies, Attention Deficit ... Sodium benzoate can cause significantly decreased survival rates of zebrafish embryos in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Apr ... Sodium or potassium benzoate with ascorbic acid has been shown to produce low levels of benzene in fruit-flavored soft drinks. ... Sodium benzoate and benzoic acid are associated with reduced feed intake and reduced growth and contact urticaria. Jan 01, 2001 ...
Estradiol 3-benzoate. Estradiol 17 beta-cypionate. Estradiol valerate. Estrogens. Hormones. Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and ... Continuous Postoperative Use of Low-Dose Combined Oral Contraceptivesfor for Endometriosis-Related Chronic Pelvic Pain. The ... Thereafter, a low-dose monophasic OC containing 2.0 mg clormadinone acetate plus 0.03 mg ethinil-estradiol (Belara®, Grunenthal ... Low-dose monophasic OC containing 2.0 mg clormadinone acetate plus 0.03 mg ethinil-estradiol (Belara®, Grunenthal, Milan, Italy ...
Estradiol 3-benzoate. Estradiol 17 beta-cypionate. Estradiol valerate. Estrogens. Hormones. Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and ... The purpose of this study is to determine if Vagifem Low Dose is an effective and safe treatment for patients suffering from ... Simon J, Nachtigall L, Gut R, Lang E, Archer DF, Utian W. Effective treatment of vaginal atrophy with an ultra-low-dose ... Vagifem Low Dose for Postmenopausal Atrophic Vaginitis Symptoms. This study has been completed. ...
Dosing volume per animal. ul Number of animals. Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (. Different batches have different ... Tags: buy Estradiol Benzoate , Estradiol Benzoate supplier , purchase Estradiol Benzoate , Estradiol Benzoate cost , Estradiol ... Estradiol benzoate is an estradiol analog which binds to the human, murine and chicken ERα with IC50 of 22-28 nM.. ... Estradiol benzoate is an estradiol analog which binds to the human, murine and chicken ERα with IC50 of 22-28 nM. ...
50 mg per dose. 4. mg. Sodium benzoate. 400. 250. mg. Calcium carbonate. 25,000. ... calcium benzoate, cuprous benzoate, cupric benzoate, manganese benzoate, nickel benzoate, magnesium benzoate are all also ... about 4 mg of sodium benzoate. As described above, one embodiment of the inventive formulation includes sodium benzoate. ... The dose of vitamin A preferably included is from about 1,000 to 3,000 i.u., and more preferably, about 2,000 i.u. Preferably, ...
... pharmaceutical forms and doses by Boehringer Ingelheim, Silomat Syrup indications, usages and related health products lists ...
Group A served as control, while Group B and C received daily low and high doses of estrogen benzoate diluted in coconut oil ... It was observed that estrogen benzoate produces dose and duration dependent histopathological changes in the testis of male ...
MNTD: Maximum Non-Toxic Dose. Table 2: Cytotoxic and anti-Rhinovirus activity of compound EMEB and Pirodavir. ... Anti-Rhinovirus Activity of Ethyl 4-(3-(2-(3-Methylisoxazol-5-Yl) Ethoxy) Propoxy) Benzoate (EMEB) Giulio Tarro* ... The compound that has been studied is Ethyl 4-(3-(2-(3-Methylisoxazol-5-yl) Ethoxy) Propoxy) Benzoate (EMEB). It has been ... Citation: Tarro G (2016) Anti-Rhinovirus Activity of Ethyl 4-(3-(2-(3-Methylisoxazol- 5-Yl) Ethoxy) Propoxy) Benzoate (EMEB). ...
... pharmaceutical forms and doses by Pfizer, Anugesic-HC Cream indications, usages and related health products lists ... Available forms, composition and doses of Anugesic-HC Cream:. *Cream; Topical; Balsam Peru 1.85%; Benzyl Benzoate 1.2%; Bismuth ... Benzyl Benzoate*Bismuth Oxide*Hydrocortisone Acetate*Peru Balsam*Pramoxine Hydrochloride*Zinc Oxide. ...
Dosing of sodium benzoate at 5 g orally twice a day can effec... more ... Sodium benzoate interacts with glycine to form hippurate. The subsequent renal excretion of hippurate results in the loss of ... Dosing of sodium benzoate at 5 g orally twice a day can effectively control hepatic encephalopathy. [62] Use of the medication ... However, in the authors opinion, doses of sodium benzoate as low as 2.5 g orally three times per week significantly improved ...
When given in large doses to laboratory animals, benzyl benzoate can cause hyperexcitation, loss of coordination, ataxia, ... Benzyl benzoate is produced industrially by the reaction of sodium benzoate with benzyl alcohol in the presence of a base, or ... "Benzyl Benzoate". International Drug Price Indicator Guide. Retrieved 8 December 2016.. *^ a b D.A. Burns (2010), "Diseases ... Benzyl benzoate (BnBzO), sold under the brand name Scabanca among others, is a medication and insect repellent.[1] As a ...
An Adaptive Phase II/III Two-Part Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-controlled Dose-Finding Multi-center Study of the Safety and ... History of allergic reaction to sodium benzoate *Serious medical illnesses such as end-stage renal disease, liver failure or ... The subject has been receiving clozapine for a minimum of 6 months with the dose range of 200-900 mg/day. The dose should have ... Initiation or dose change of benzodiazepines or sleep medications, or any other psychotropic medications due to worsening of ...
RDv17n2Ab20 20 EFFECTS OF DOSE OF ESTRADIOL BENZOATE AND PROGESTERONE IN PROSTAGLANDIN-TREATED BEEF HEIFERS. M. Martínez, M. ... RDv17n2Ab19 19 LOW-DOSE DEEP INTRAUTERINE INSEMINATION IN SOWS UNDER CONDITIONS: INCIDENCE OF UNILATERAL FERTILIZATIONS. E.A. ... RDv17n2Ab17 17 COMPARISON OF FOLLICULAR WAVE EMERGENCE AND FOLLICULAR DEVELOPMENT FOLLOWING ESTRADIOL BENZOATE PLUS ... ESTRADIOL BENZOATE, AND eCG. R. Tribulo, E. Balla, L. Cutaia, G.A. Bo, P.S. Baruselli and L. Peres ...
Dose. - 10 to 15 minims, made into an emulsion with mucilage or yolk of egg. ... benzoate of benzyl aether; (2) cinnamic and benzoic acids in small quantities; and (3) a mixture of resins, probably hydrates ... Dose. - 10 to 20 gr., as an emulsion with mucilage and sugar. ... Dose, 1/2 to 2 fl.dr.. Kino is also a constituent of Pulvis ... Kino, 15; opium, 1; cinnamon 4 (1 of opium in 20). Dose, 5 to 20 gr. ...
What do I do if my child misses a dose?. *Call your childs doctor to find out what to do. ... Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug your child takes without checking with the doctor. ... Sodium Phenylacetate and Sodium Benzoate - Last updated on September 17, 2019. ©2019 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. ...
  • Thereafter, a low-dose monophasic OC containing 2.0 mg clormadinone acetate plus 0.03 mg ethinil-estradiol (Belara®, Grunenthal, Milan, Italy) will be administered. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Estradiol benzoate is an estradiol analog which binds to the human, murine and chicken ERα with IC50 of 22-28 nM. (selleckchem.com)
  • Estradiol benzoate is asynthetic ester, specifically the 3-benzoyl ester, of the natural estrogen, estradiol. (selleckchem.com)
  • Estradiol benzoate is an estradiol analog which contains a benzyl ester at the C-3 position and is often used in combination with a progestin to induce estrus in domestic livestock. (selleckchem.com)
  • These data suggest rapid intrinsic and network modulation of GnRH neurons by estradiol is dependent on both dose and receptor subtype. (jneurosci.org)
  • We show that both stimulatory and inhibitory effects are elicited by rapid estradiol application, that the direction of response depends on dose and receptor subtype, and that different neurobiological mechanisms are engaged. (jneurosci.org)
  • 17beta-estradiol benzoate decreases the AHP amplitude in CA1 pyramidal neurons. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Estradiol benzoate cyclooctenyl ether (EBCO), or estradiol 3-benzoate 17β-cyclooctenyl ether, is a synthetic estrogen as well as estrogen ester and ether - specifically, the C3 benzoate ester and C17β cyclooctenyl ether of estradiol - which was described in the early 1970s and was never marketed. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, complete receptive behavior can be restored by exogenous hormone administration, such as estradiol benzoate, an estrogen receptor agonist. (pnas.org)
  • Ovariectomized animals treated with high doses of THC alone fail to show lordosis, but relatively low doses of THC significantly increase the lordosis primed by estradiol benzoate. (pnas.org)
  • Neonatal low- and high-dose exposure to estradiol benzoate in the male rat: I. Effects on the prostate gland. (epa.gov)
  • Prostatic growth response to neonatal exposure to different concentrations of 4-nonylphenol and estradiol benzoate. (epa.gov)
  • Each dose contains 100 mg progesterone plus 10 mg estradiol benzoate. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Each dose of 4 pellets contains a total of 100 mg progesterone USP plus 10 mg estradiol benzoate. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Each dose of 5 pellets consists of 4 pellets containing a total of 100 mg progesterone USP and 10 mg estradiol benzoate plus 1 pellet containing 29 mg tylosin tartrate as a local antibacterial. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • Bulling, rectal and vaginal prolapse, udder development, ventral edema and elevated tailheads may be reported in calves administered progesterone and estradiol benzoate. (atozvetsupply.com)
  • DNA content alterations in Tetrahymena pyriformis macronucleus after exposure to food preservatives sodium nitrate and sodium benzoate. (nih.gov)
  • The toxicity, in terms of changes in the DNA content, of two food preservatives, sodium nitrate and sodium benzoate was studied on the protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis using DNA image analysis technology. (nih.gov)
  • Challenges showed that the girl was sensitive to benzoate preservatives (211) in her asthma medication. (fedup.com.au)
  • What are the risks of potassium or sodium benzoate (commonly found as preservatives)? (healthtap.com)
  • There is a general adverse effect of artificial food colouring and benzoate preservatives on the behaviour of 3 year old children which is detectable by parents but not by a simple clinic assessment. (bmj.com)
  • Leptin, IL-6 and nitrite concentrations were analysed in the supernatants of murine 3T3-L1 adipocytes after co-incubation with LPS and the food preservatives, sodium sulphite (SS), sodium benzoate (SB) and the spice and colourant, curcumin, for 24 h. (biomedsearch.com)
  • With the exception of sodium benzoate, which is used as a food preservative, all of the other compounds are used in foods as flavouring ingredients (benzyl alcohol and benzyl benzoate are also used as carrier solvents in foods). (inchem.org)
  • The safety of Benzyl Alcohol and Benzyl Benzoate has been evaluated by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials Expert Panel (REXPAN). (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • The IFRA standards restrict the use of Benzyl Alcohol and Benzyl Benzoate in fragrances because of potential sensitization. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Although bioassays on motile stages are a common tool to monitor sea lice sensitivity to emamectin benzoate in field-collected sea lice, they require the collection of large numbers of sea lice due to inherent natural variability in the gender and stage response to chemotherapeutants. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Analysis of 657 bioassays on preadult and adult stages of sea lice over the period 2008-2011 indicated a population of sea lice in New Brunswick with varying degrees of susceptibility to emamectin benzoate. (strath.ac.uk)
  • This work demonstrates that fixed-dose bioassays can be a valuable technique in detecting reduced sensitivity in sea lice populations with varying degrees of susceptibility to emamectin benzoate treatments. (strath.ac.uk)
  • In this study, the side effects of four modern insecticides (chlorantraniliprole, emamectin benzoate, spinosad, and spirotetramat) on Adalia bipunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) were evaluated under laboratory conditions by exposition on treated potted plants. (bireme.br)
  • Emamectin benzoate could be considered a low-risk insecticide, but had high persistence. (bireme.br)
  • Recent research shows that sodium benzoate may be beneficial as an add-on therapy (1 gram/day) in schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • These highlights do not include all the information needed to use rizatriptan benzoate tablets safely and effectively. (nih.gov)
  • See full prescribing information for rizatriptan benzoate tablets. (nih.gov)
  • Rizatriptan benzoate tablets are indicated for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults and in pediatric patients 6 to 17 years old. (nih.gov)
  • Rizatriptan benzoate tablets should only be used where a clear diagnosis of migraine has been established. (nih.gov)
  • If a patient has no response for the first migraine attack treated with rizatriptan benzoate tablets, the diagnosis of migraine should be reconsidered before rizatriptan benzoate tablets are administered to treat any subsequent attacks. (nih.gov)
  • Rizatriptan benzoate tablets are not indicated for the prevention of migraine attacks. (nih.gov)
  • Fachinfo wirkt rizatriptan benzoate tablets are substances from dexamethasone. (fentek-ind.com)
  • Sodium benzoate has been replaced by potassium sorbate in the majority of soft drinks in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • In combination with ascorbic acid (vitamin C, E300), sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate may form benzene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Can I take vitamin C pills (always made of sodium/potassium bicarbonate, (sodium bicarbonate) ascorbate, benzoate. (healthtap.com)
  • Sodium Benzoate, Calcium Benzoate and Potassium Benzoate are salts of Benzoic Acid. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • A rapid, sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of sodium (±)-5-Bromo-2-(α-hydroxypentyl) benzoate (BZP) and its active metabolite 3-butyl-6-bromo-1(3 H )-isobenzofuranone (Br-NBP) in rat plasma using potassium 2-(1-hydroxypentyl)-benzoate (PHPB) and l-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) as internal standards (IS). (mdpi.com)
  • The benzene formation was analyzed in a standard formulation (380 mg/L of sodium benzoate and 180 mg/L of potassium sorbate) and nisin and natamycn formulation (167 UI/mL of nisin and 0.017% w/v of natamycin). (scielo.br)
  • Sodium benzoate interacts with glycine to form hippurate. (medscape.com)
  • ammonia in the presence of benzoate will conjugate with glycine to form hippurate which is secreted by the kidney. (healthtap.com)
  • First author Chieh-Hsin Lin, M.D., Ph.D., of Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taiwan, and colleagues tested two different doses of sodium benzoate (1 or 2 grams per day) to find which offered the biggest impact on symptoms with minimal side effects. (elsevier.com)
  • In mouse studies, researchers gave different doses of sodium benzoate, added to the animal's drinking water. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Different doses of sodium benzoate were mixed into drinking water, since it is highly soluble and non-toxic, and given to the mice. (care2.com)
  • Health care providers recommend different doses, depending on your needs. (healthandmed.com)
  • Group A served as control, while Group B and C received daily low and high doses of estrogen benzoate diluted in coconut oil respectively. (journalcra.com)
  • It was observed that estrogen benzoate produces dose and duration dependent histopathological changes in the testis of male albino rats. (journalcra.com)
  • There is no evidence that the use of 'natural' estrogens results in a different endometrial risk profile than synthetic estrogens at equivalent estrogen doses. (rxlist.com)
  • Use of estrogen, alone or in combination with a progestin, should be with the lowest effective dose and for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. (rxlist.com)
  • The common food preservative sodium benzoate improves symptoms in clozapine-resistant schizophrenia patients, according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry . (elsevier.com)
  • They used the food preservative sodium benzoate. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Containes Loratadine 5mg/5ml, also sucrose and the preservative sodium benzoate. (pharmacydirect.com.au)
  • This study evaluated the ability of antimicrobials natamycin and nisin to increase the shelf life, inhibit microbial growth and decrease benzene formation, compared to the preservative sodium benzoate in lemon-flavored soft drinks. (scielo.br)
  • In geriatric patients, initiate dosing at the low end of the range and use with caution due to a greater frequency of concomitant disease states, organ impairment, and drug therapies. (pdr.net)
  • Kalipada Pahan, PhD., who is the Floyd A. Davis professor of neurology at Rush and principal investigator of the study found sodium benzoate that is a metabolite of cinnamon blocks molecules that promote inflammation and activation of glial cells that destroy myelin sheath in multiple sclerosis. (emaxhealth.com)
  • In earlier published studies, Pahan has been able to show that sodium benzoate, a metabolite of cinnamon, can inhibit the expression of various pro-inflammatory molecules in brain cells and block the disease process of MS in mice. (care2.com)
  • Sodium benzoate induces adverse changes in the liver and kidneys of rats and mice. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The group says that the drug in higher dose compared with the 10-milligrams could pose increased adverse effects such as slowed pulse rate, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, urinary incontinence, fatigue, dizziness and agitation. (cnn.com)
  • The International Programme on Chemical Safety found no adverse effects in humans at doses of 647-825 mg/kg of body weight per day. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study conducted by Peter Piper, a professor at Sheffield University in the UK and an expert in molecular biology and biotechnology, found that sodium benzoate damages cells, in an adverse way. (healthtap.com)
  • A double blind placebo controlled high dose azo dye challenge in a highly selected group of children with behaviour disturbance suggested a small adverse effect on the children's behaviour based on ratings on the Connor scale. (bmj.com)
  • We first examined the endocrine disrupting potency of BPA on colonic paracellular permeability (CPP), experimental colitis, and visceral sensitivity in ovariectomized rats orally exposed to 5 mg/kg/d BPA (i.e., the no observed adverse effect level), 50 μg/kg/d BPA (i.e., tolerable daily intake), or lower doses. (pnas.org)
  • When ovariectomized rats were fed with BPA at the no observed adverse effect level, the severity of colitis was reduced, whereas the same dose increased pain sensitivity to colorectal stimuli. (pnas.org)
  • Sodium benzoate is a preservative, with the E number E211. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium benzoate ( E211 ), also called benzoate of soda , has chemical formula C 6 H 5 COO Na . (bionity.com)
  • Sodium benzoate is used in many soft drinks and can be identified on the label of the bottle or can as 'sodium benzoate' or E211. (bionity.com)
  • However, I've read that as budgies will naturally drink more in the hot summer months, the full dose of sodium benzoate (1 teaspoon to a liter of water) can cause toxicity and death. (talkbudgies.com)
  • Benzyl benzoate has low acute toxicity in laboratory animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data on the acute oral toxicity of 2-ethylhexyl benzoate are available. (europa.eu)
  • Eugenol, a major component of clove oil and its analogues--acetyleugenol and isoeugenol, demonstrated levels of toxicity comparable to benzyl benzoate, the positive control acaricide, killing mites within an hour of contact. (nih.gov)
  • Objectives: To compare effectiveness, safety, and toxicity profile of conventional high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) and once a week and twice a week HDR-BT study concurrent with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), that is, 7 Gy/3 fraction of concurrent EBRT and 4.5 Gy/6 fractions of concurrent EBRT to be compared with conventional HDR-BT schedule. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Three cases of intravenous sodium benzoate and sodium phenylacetate toxicity occurring in the treatment of acute hyperammonaemia. (druglib.com)
  • Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection (caffeine alkaloid ) is used along with supportive measure to treat respiratory depression associated with over dosage with CNS depressant drugs, such as narcotics. (rxlist.com)
  • Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection is available in generic form. (rxlist.com)
  • Recommended doses of caffeine and sodium benzoate injection vary from 65-325 mg 3 times daily, to 250 mg of anhydrous caffeine in an extended-release formulation once daily. (rxlist.com)
  • Caffeine and sodium benzoate injection may interact with other drugs. (rxlist.com)
  • During pregnancy, caffeine and sodium benzoate injection should be used only if prescribed. (rxlist.com)
  • Our Caffeine and Sodium Benzoate Injection (caffeine alkaloid) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication. (rxlist.com)
  • Sodium benzoate, along with caffeine, is used to treat postdural puncture headache, respiratory depression associated with overdosage of narcotics, and with ergotamine to treat vascular headache. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Regent has caffeine and sodium benzoate 2 mL vials available. (ashp.org)
  • For hard to treat cases, the provider may also prescribe a pill known as ivermectin as a one-time dose. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sodium benzoate and benzoic acid are associated with reduced feed intake and reduced growth and contact urticaria. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • While few data pertaining specifically to benzyl benzoate were located, it was considered to be adequately represented by the existing database for the other compounds, since it is hydrolysed to benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid. (inchem.org)
  • Therefore, the assessment of toxicokinetics of 2-ethylhexyl benzoate is conducted on a qualitative basis taking into account data on benzoic acid esters and the information on substance identity and physiochemical parameters according to Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.7c: Endpoint specific guidance (ECHA, 2008). (europa.eu)
  • Sodium benzoate is produced by the neutralization of benzoic acid, which is itself produced commercially by partial oxidation of toluene with oxygen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzoic acid, its salts like sodium benzoate and its esters are found in many natural food sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • There's no shortage of benzoic acid in many fruits (famously cranberries) and it's chemically interchangeable with sodium benzoate varying only with ph. (healthtap.com)
  • There was a hoopla a while back about the mix of sodium benzoate (a preservative, chemically interchangeable to the natural benzoic acid that makes cranberries so tasty) and Ascorbic Acid (added to make fake orange drink healthy, I guess) forming benzene if left to sit in the hot sun. (healthtap.com)
  • Effects of Benzoic Acid and Sodium Benzoate in chronic oral exposure studies were limited to reduced feed intake and reduced growth. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Your doctor will give you or your child a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves, and then switch you to an oral medicine that works the same way. (umm.edu)
  • Continuous Versus Cyclic Postoperative Use of Low-Dose Combined Oral Contraceptive Belara® for the Treatment of Endometriosis-Related Chronic Pelvic Pain: a Randomized Controlled Trial. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Dose range is one-third to one-half the normal corticosteroid oral dose given every 12 hours. (pdr.net)
  • For oral administration, benzyl acetate was dissolved in corn oil and administered at doses equivalent to 10, 100, or 1000 mg/kg bw for mice and 5, 50, or 500 mg/kg bw for rats. (inchem.org)
  • A small proportion (0.3-1.3%) of the total dose was excreted in the faeces after both intravenous and oral administration. (inchem.org)
  • therefore bioavailability of 2-ethylhexyl benzoate after oral administration is indicated (Blanchard, 2000). (europa.eu)
  • Based on the physicochemical properties of 2-ethylhexyl benzoate, in a conservative approach the absorption via the lung is expected to be equal to oral absorption. (europa.eu)
  • A single oral dose of EBCO sustained high uterus weights for 3 weeks in rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to refractory hyperammonemia on maximum therapy, oral sodium benzoate (10%) 100 mg/kg/day was added to help with ammonia control. (hindawi.com)
  • Other doses of oral conjugated estrogens with medroxyprogesterone acetate, and other combinations and dosage forms of estrogens and progestins were not studied in the WHI clinical trials and, in the absence of comparable data, these risks should be assumed to be similar. (rxlist.com)
  • Use an oral syringe to measure each dose of the liquid, as it gives a more accurate measurement than household teaspoons. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Oral suspensions and solutions can be administered directly into the mouth using a dosing syringe or mixed with a small amount of food. (wedgewoodpharmacy.com)
  • Exposure to very low doses of a mixture of chemicals induces genotoxic effects as well as monotonic cytotoxic effects in a tissue-dependent manner. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • In addition, further human exposure occurs due to the natural occurrence of these compounds in foods, endogenous formation of benzoate through the phenylalanine- tyrosine pathway, and a variety of uses such in soaps and cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, insect repellents, pesticides, and other industrial uses. (inchem.org)
  • The results have shown that after exposure of the protozoan cultures to doses equivalent to ADI, a statistically significant increase in the macronuclear DNA content compared to the unexposed control samples was observed. (nih.gov)
  • Satellite groups of five rats/strain/dose level received the test material via diet at 0, 150, 500, and 1000 mg/kg bw/day for either 1 week or 16 weeks of exposure. (europa.eu)
  • However, recent studies revealed that chronic exposure to these reference doses alters some biological endpoints ( 8 , 9 ), warranting a request for reevaluation of human safe daily intake limits ( 4 , 10 ). (pnas.org)
  • Benzyl benzoate ( BnBzO ), sold under the brand name Scabanca among others, is a medication and insect repellent . (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Benzyl benzoate is available as a generic medication . (wikipedia.org)
  • Receptors for D-serine are long-standing targets for medication development in schizophrenia and sodium benzoate is probably the first meaningful tool that we have had to influence this target," said John Krystal, M.D., Editor of Biological Psychiatry . (elsevier.com)
  • In Australia, there are benzoates in asthma medication and other medications given to asthmatics, despite objections by doctors. (fedup.com.au)
  • Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. (medbroadcast.com)
  • If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor. (medbroadcast.com)
  • A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. (medbroadcast.com)
  • As a preservative, there is little worry unless the individual is also on probenecid which can inhibit benzoate renal excretion. (healthtap.com)
  • Food additives such as sodium sulphite, sodium benzoate and curcumin inhibit leptin release in lipopolysaccharide-treated murine adipocytes in vitro. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Voltaren should be taken for managing osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in a dosage of to mg per day in several divided doses. (thedomains.com)
  • In order to gain a better understanding about the impact of dosage, Dr. Lane and colleagues tested the sodium benzoate add-on in two different quantities - 1 or 2 grams of the substance per day - hence the two separate study groups. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Moreover, a higher sodium benzoate dosage was more efficient in boosting the effectiveness of the treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Everyone has different needs, so reduce your dosage or split it into multiple doses with meals if excessive restlessness or sleeplessness is noted. (brainchildnutritionals.com)
  • Children on the autistic spectrum often do well on a higher dose of B vitamins than other individuals, and may require the full adult dosage. (brainchildnutritionals.com)
  • Using an operant conditioning paradigm, we demonstrated that rats cannot discriminate between two structurally dissimilar bitter compounds, quinine hydrochloride and denatonium benzoate, despite the fact that these tastants are thought to stimulate different taste receptor cells. (jneurosci.org)
  • However, a more recent study ( Caicedo and Roper, 2001 ) demonstrated that many TRCs respond somewhat selectively to certain bitter tastants, at least with respect to five compounds that are commonly used in taste experiments (cycloheximide, quinine hydrochloride, denatonium benzoate, phenylthiocarbamide, and sucrose octaacetate). (jneurosci.org)
  • If it is almost time for your child's next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with the regular dosing schedule. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Study to Determine the Equivalence of Three Products Containing Metronidazole Benzoate. (patientsville.com)
  • consider conjunctive use of hemodialysis in patients with severe hyperammonemia or refractory to sodium phenylacetate/sodium benzoate. (drugs.com)
  • Sodium benzoate, along with phenylbutyrate, is used to treat hyperammonemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate provide alternate pathways for the removal of ammonia through the formation of their metabolites. (drugs.com)
  • Ammonia was assessed at Hour 0 (pre-first dose, fasted), Hour 8 (~2-4 hours after lunch or the second main meal and dose of NaPBA), Hour 12 (~4 hours after the last main meal) and 24 hours post-first dose (pre-first dose on following day, fasted). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Attempts to lower ammonia levels failed with different therapies such as protein restriction, benzoate, or N-carbamoyl glutamate. (hindawi.com)
  • Despite the increase of doses, her disease deteriorated with 3-6 hospitalizations per year with peak ammonia levels ranging from 100 to 350 µ M and plasma glutamine levels up to near 1200 µ M. Therefore, a living donor partial liver transplant was eventually performed. (hindawi.com)
  • Benzyl benzoate is an effective and inexpensive topical treatment for human scabies . (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzyl benzoate is used as a topical acaricide , scabicide , and pediculicide in veterinary hospitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzyl benzoate can be a skin irritant when used as a topical scabicide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The intravenous dose was equivalent to 10 mg/kg bw for mice and 5 mg/kg bw for rats. (inchem.org)
  • Intravenous sodium benzoate and sodium phenylacetate have been used successfully in the treatment of acute hyperammonaemia in patients with urea cycle disorders. (druglib.com)
  • However, we report three patients with hyperammonaemia who received inappropriate doses of intravenous sodium benzoate and sodium phenylacetate that resulted in severe complications. (druglib.com)
  • Benzyl benzoate is used to treat lice and scabies infestations. (drugs.com)
  • 6-9 Table 1 summarizes the doses and side effects of common agents used in scabies management. (skintherapyletter.com)
  • Dose-response curves: eugenol and its analogues against scabies mites. (nih.gov)
  • Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to benzyl benzoate or any other medicines. (drugs.com)
  • You should not receive this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to sodium benzoate or sodium phenylacetate. (limamemorial.org)
  • Sodium benzoate has been associated with severe complications in the treatment of acute hyperammonaemia. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The subject has been receiving clozapine for a minimum of 6 months with the dose range of 200-900 mg/day. (centerwatch.com)
  • The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial led by Hsien-Yuan Lane, M.D., Ph.D., of China Medical University, Taiwan, showed that adding on sodium benzoate to the antipsychotic clozapine improved symptoms in patients who did not see results with any other medications, providing a new option for the hardest-to-treat patients. (elsevier.com)
  • The new study is the first to demonstrate that sodium benzoate-which has been shown to enhance other antipsychotic drugs-works in clozapine-resistant patients. (elsevier.com)
  • The 60 patients with schizophrenia included in the study were all taking clozapine, and received a placebo or sodium benzoate as an add-on treatment for six weeks. (elsevier.com)
  • Although more studies are needed to learn how sodium benzoate enhances clozapine treatment in these patients, Dr. Krystal says that "this study highlights the importance for schizophrenia treatment of understanding the molecular switches that can be thrown to normalize brain circuit function. (elsevier.com)
  • The new trial seems to confirm for the first time that sodium benzoate - which has successfully been used as an add-on to other antipsychotics - can be added to clozapine to improve the symptoms of drug-resistant patients. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As part of the trial, the participants were split into three groups: the control group, who were given a placebo alongside clozapine, and the study groups, who received sodium benzoate in addition to the usual dose of clozapine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • At the end of the trial, Dr. Lane and team found that the people who took sodium benzoate alongside clozapine experienced an improvement in negative symptoms, which include flat affect (emotionless facial expressions), anhedonia (lack of enjoyment of usually pleasurable activities), and difficulty in pursuing normal activities. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The report's author, Jim Stevenson from Southampton University, said: "The results suggest that consumption of certain mixtures of artificial food colours and sodium benzoate preservative are associated with increases in hyperactive behaviour in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in the author's opinion, doses of sodium benzoate as low as 2.5 g orally three times per week significantly improved mental function in outpatients who had persistent encephalopathy symptoms despite cotherapy with lactulose and rifaximin. (medscape.com)
  • Compared with the placebo, sodium benzoate improved negative symptoms, such as lack of emotion and motivation, which have a greater influence on a patient's functional outcome than the more prominent psychotic symptoms. (elsevier.com)
  • The higher dose of sodium benzoate also improved ratings of overall symptoms and quality of life. (elsevier.com)
  • Still, the researchers note that the add-on did not influence cognitive symptoms - such as difficulty in maintaining focus, or memory issues - and they hypothesize that still larger doses of sodium benzoate may be needed to observe an effect in this respect. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Artificial food colourings and benzoate preservative are associated with hyperactivity in children. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • in the subsequent three week within subject double blind crossover study they received, in random order, periods of dietary challenge with a drink containing artificial colourings (20 mg daily) and sodium benzoate (45 mg daily) (active period), or a placebo mixture, supplementary to their diet. (bmj.com)
  • Spectrophotometric method for the detection of sodium benzoate Key words spectrophotometry food additive analysis instrument UV 1300 I Introduction of sodium benzoate sodium benzoate chemical formula. (chinaseasoning.com)
  • For this purpose, selected doses of both food additives were administered for 2 h to protozoa cultures and DNA image analysis of T. pyriformis nuclei was performed. (nih.gov)
  • Sodium benzoate is also allowed as an animal food additive at up to 0.1%, per the Association of American Feed Control Officials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium benzoate was one of the chemicals used in 19th century industrialised food production that was investigated by Dr. Harvey W. Wiley with his famous 'Poison Squad' as part of the US Department of Agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, sodium benzoate is designated as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the Food and Drug Administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, the Food and Drug Administration tested 100 beverages available in the United States that contained both ascorbic acid and benzoate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research published in 2007 for the UK's Food Standards Agency (FSA) suggests that certain artificial colors, when paired with sodium benzoate, may be linked to hyperactive behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Food Standards Agency concluded that the observed increases in hyperactive behavior, if real, were more likely to be linked to the artificial colors than to sodium benzoate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium Benzoate is primarily used as a food preservative. (healthtap.com)
  • [3] Sodium benzoate is, however, allowed as an animal food additive at up to 0.1%, according to AFCO's official publication. (bionity.com)
  • and Benzyl Benzoate are also approved as a synthetic flavoring agents for direct addition to food. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • The food additives SS, SB and curcumin affect the leptin release after co-incubation with LPS from cultured adipocytes in a dose- and time-dependent manner. (biomedsearch.com)
  • As an excipient in some testosterone-replacement injectable medications, benzyl benzoate has been reported as a cause of anaphylaxis in a case in Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • After 12 months of avoiding benzoates in foods, drinks and medications, she remained asthma-free. (fedup.com.au)
  • It is used for the intermittent treatment of severe seizures (also known as recurrent, serial, cluster, or crescendo seizures) that occur for certain people even though they take regular doses of medications to treat epilepsy. (medbroadcast.com)
  • They've gone through two rounds of megabac-s in their drinking water in the past 6 months, but their megabacteria keeps flaring up, so I am now going to administer sodium benzoate in their drinking water. (talkbudgies.com)
  • Btw, can I give sodium benzoate in the water as an on-going, long term treatment, as long as I give my fids a few weeks break between each 30 day treatment? (talkbudgies.com)
  • What is the role of sodium benzoate in the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy (HE)? (medscape.com)
  • Dosing of sodium benzoate at 5 g orally twice a day can effectively control hepatic encephalopathy. (medscape.com)
  • Administer as a loading dose over 90 to 120 minutes, followed by an equivalent maintenance infusion given over 24 hours. (drugs.com)
  • Long-term treatment of atrophic vaginitis with low-dose oestradiol vaginal tablets. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • On the basis of the following considerations, the dermal absorption of 2-ethylhexyl benzoate is considered to be moderate to low. (europa.eu)