Sternotomy: Making an incision in the STERNUM.Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Manubrium: The upper or most anterior segment of the STERNUM which articulates with the CLAVICLE and first two pairs of RIBS.Funnel Chest: A developmental anomaly in which the lower sternum is posteriorly dislocated and concavely deformed, resulting in a funnel-shaped thorax.Surgical Wound Dehiscence: Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.Wound Closure Techniques: Methods to repair breaks in tissue caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions.Mediastinitis: Inflammation of the mediastinum, the area between the pleural sacs.Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy: The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.Thoracic Wall: The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.Cartilage: A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.Rib FracturesOsteomyelitisCharadriiformes: An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular: Tuberculosis of the bones or joints.Thoracic NeoplasmsSternoclavicular Joint: A double gliding joint formed by the CLAVICLE, superior and lateral parts of the manubrium sterni at the clavicular notch, and the cartilage of the first rib.Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Chondrosarcoma: A slowly growing malignant neoplasm derived from cartilage cells, occurring most frequently in pelvic bones or near the ends of long bones, in middle-aged and old people. Most chondrosarcomas arise de novo, but some may develop in a preexisting benign cartilaginous lesion or in patients with ENCHONDROMATOSIS. (Stedman, 25th ed)Bone Wires: Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.Pectoralis Muscles: The pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles that make up the upper and fore part of the chest in front of the AXILLA.Rectus Abdominis: A long flat muscle that extends along the whole length of both sides of the abdomen. It flexes the vertebral column, particularly the lumbar portion; it also tenses the anterior abdominal wall and assists in compressing the abdominal contents. It is frequently the site of hematomas. In reconstructive surgery it is often used for the creation of myocutaneous flaps. (From Gray's Anatomy, 30th American ed, p491)Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Intercostal Muscles: Respiratory muscles that arise from the lower border of one rib and insert into the upper border of the adjoining rib, and contract during inspiration or respiration. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Thoracoplasty: Surgical removal of ribs, allowing the chest wall to move inward and collapse a diseased lung. (Dorland, 28th ed)Chick Embryo: The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.Ilium: The largest of three bones that make up each half of the pelvic girdle.Cardiac Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart.Patient Positioning: Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Collagen Type IX: A fibril-associated collagen usually found crosslinked to the surface of COLLAGEN TYPE II fibrils. It is a heterotrimer containing alpha1(IX), alpha2(IX) and alpha3(IX) subunits.Surgical Mesh: Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Cementoplasty: Injection of BONE CEMENTS into bone to treat bone lesions.Heart Rupture: Disease-related laceration or tearing of tissues of the heart, including the free-wall MYOCARDIUM; HEART SEPTUM; PAPILLARY MUSCLES; CHORDAE TENDINEAE; and any of the HEART VALVES. Pathological rupture usually results from myocardial infarction (HEART RUPTURE, POST-INFARCTION).Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Chondroitin Lyases: Enzymes which catalyze the elimination of delta-4,5-D-glucuronate residues from polysaccharides containing 1,4-beta-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucuronosyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages thereby bringing about depolymerization. EC 4.2.2.4 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C as well as on dermatan sulfate and slowly on hyaluronate. EC 4.2.2.5 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Bone Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.Bone Plates: Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)Kyphosis: Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.Thoracotomy: Surgical incision into the chest wall.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Collagen Type X: A non-fibrillar collagen found primarily in terminally differentiated hypertrophic CHONDROCYTES. It is a homotrimer of three identical alpha1(X) subunits.Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Abnormalities, MultiplePolymethyl Methacrylate: Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.Sternum: A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Rupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.Sulfates: Inorganic salts of sulfuric acid.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Lung Injury: Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.Collagen: A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.Glycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Osteogenesis: The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.Aneurysm, False: Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.Embryonic and Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.Chondrocytes: Polymorphic cells that form cartilage.Heart Defects, Congenital: Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.Cardiopulmonary Bypass: Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Proteoglycans: Glycoproteins which have a very high polysaccharide content.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Bone Marrow Cells: Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
... dorsal wall of body; o, lung; o', air-sac.[12] ... They rely on a rocking motion of the keel of the sternum to ... Transverse folding brings the body wall anteriorly to enclose the gut and body cavities. The pleuroperitoneal membrane and body ... It helps to expel vomit, feces, and urine from the body by increasing intra-abdominal pressure, aids in childbirth,[7] and ... Septum transversum, pleuroperitoneal folds, body wall[1]. Artery. Pericardiacophrenic artery, musculophrenic artery, inferior ...
In the typical body segment of an insect or many other Arthropoda, there are four principal regions. The dorsal region is the ... The ventral region is called the sternum, which commonly bears sternites. The two lateral regions are called the pleura ( ... The animal then expands its body by swallowing liquid or gas and in the process it stretches the new integument to its proper ... difference between the unmodified and modified forms of chitinous arthropodan exoskeletons can be seen by comparing the body ...
The shell around each somite can be divided into a dorsal tergum, ventral sternum and a lateral pleuron. Various parts of the ... Each somite, or body segment can bear a pair of appendages: on the segments of the head, these include two pairs of antennae, ... The main body cavity is an open circulatory system, where blood is pumped into the haemocoel by a heart located near the dorsum ... The body of a crustacean is composed of segments, which are grouped into three regions: the cephalon or head, the thorax, and ...
The four principal regions of an insect body segment are: tergum or dorsal, sternum or ventral and the two pleura or laterals. ... The dorsal, ventral, and visceral. The dorsal tracheae supply oxygen to the dorsal musculature and vessels, while the ventral ... Variation of this ground plan includes the fusion of terga or terga and sterna to form continuous dorsal or ventral shields or ... This article describes the basic insect body and some of the major variations of the different body parts; in the process it ...
The notum is the top most or dorsal area, the sternum is the lower or ventral side, and the pleuron is the sides where the legs ... The thorax also houses the dorsal brain and ventral nervous system. The abdomen is the last body region or the posterior area ... Once the body is found the male and female remove any hair or feathers and roll the carcass into a ball. In order to preserve ... The entire body wall of N. tomentosus is called the exoskeleton. This tough outer layer provides strong protection and ...
... ribs Costal cartilage Rib Body Costal groove Cervical rib First rib Scalene tubercle Lumbar rib Sternum Manubrium of sternum ... nerve Inferior anal nerves Perineal nerves Posterior labial nerves Posterior scrotal nerves Dorsal nerve of clitoris Dorsal ... Parts of human body Head Ear Face Eye Cheek Nose Mouth Chin Neck Trunk Thorax Abdomen Pelvis Back Upper limb Pectoral girdle ... joint Cuneonavicular joint Intercuneiform joints Tarsal ligaments Tarsal interosseous ligaments Dorsal tarsal ligaments Dorsal ...
The heart is located in the abdomen a short distance within the middle line of the dorsal body-wall, and above the intestine. ... The cephalothorax, also called prosoma, is composed of two primary surfaces: a dorsal carapace and a ventral sternum. Most ... with two pairs on the tenth body segment and two pairs on the eleventh body segment, located in the middle on the ventral side ... Starting from the body end, these are the coxa, trochanter, femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus and tarsus. The tip of the tarsus ...
In other tetrapods it joins the scapula to the front end of the sternum and has a notch on the dorsal surface which, along with ... Coracoid process Romer, Alfred Sherwood; Parsons, Thomas S. (1977). The Vertebrate Body. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders ...
The sternum is reddish yellow, with a dark margin. The chelicerae are reddish yellow and the legs are also reddish yellow with ... The adbomen is yellowish or reddish, with a dorsal dark brown spot pattern. Males and females are similar in colour and pattern ... The female will die before the juvniles leave the nest and they will eat her body. Phylloneta sisyphia foliifera (Thorell, 1875 ...
What was initially believed to be a bony sternum turned out to be part of the coracoid,[130] but a cartilaginous sternum may ... The body feathers are described as being present at the base of the neck, on the back, and on the hind legs. The tibiotarsal ... Ten pairs of dorsal ribs are preserved, and like previous specimens lack uncinate processes. An unfused scapula and coracoid ... The Archaeopteryx specimen is, as of 2011, one of only 11 body fossils ever found,[101] but has been missing since the death of ...
At the base of the dorsal surface there is a short median spathulate band of paler hue than the rest of that surface, and on ... The cocoon is globular, and is carried under the sternum, to which it is firmly held by the palpi and strands of web from the ... Females have a total body length of 13-26 mm, males being smaller at 11-18 mm. The fourth leg is longest, about 36 mm in ... and sternum chocolate-brown; legs and palpi, brown; abdomen above greenish-brown with two longitudinal rows of brown-margined ...
Sternum is hexagonal and ventral side is slightly concave. Dorsal side has postero-lateral bosses that have cartilage-ornaments ... Zambiasaurus had a barrel shaped body that was strongly built but very slow. The body was help off the ground but it either had ... Sharp transition between dorsal and occipital surface. Occipital wings of squamosal extend laterally and somewhat posteriorly. ... Origin of scapular ligament[disambiguation needed] of triceps muscle on postero-dorsal edge above the glenoid. There is no ...
Swimming birds have a wide sternum, walking birds have a long sternum, and flying birds have a sternum that is nearly equal in ... of the total body volume, whereas in mammals, the alveoli, which act as the bellows, constitute only 7% of the total body ... dorsal vertebrae. 21. humerus. 22. ulna. 23. radius. 24. carpus (carpometacarpus). 25. metacarpus (carpometacarpus). 26. digits ... Highlighted in red is an intact keeled sternum of a dissected pigeon. In flying birds the sternum is enlarged for increased ...
The dorsal and ventral parts of the body are blackish which is a characteristic of this species. The abdomen has a fusiform ... which is located at the base of each sternum. The youngest wasps have no pigmentation, middle aged wasps have brown coloring, ... In a pre-emergence colony and one of the two worker-producing colonies, queens were larger in body size than workers, while ... reintroducing the protein into their bodies. This supports the idea that queens do in fact control reproduction in the colonies ...
Most members of the family Dinidoridae are large and robust in build; the bodies of some species may exceed 27 mm in length. In ... In most genera trichobothria occur in pairs on the third to the seventh abdominal sterna, but Eumenotes species have only one ... In many species the pronotum bears a dorsal anteromedian tuberosity, or a posterior transverse ridge. In most species the legs ... In the Megymeninae the anterolateral angles of the dorsal surface of the scutellum have marked depressions. Similarly in the ...
Swimming birds have a wide sternum, while walking birds have a long or high sternum and flying birds have a sternum width and ... dorsal vertebrae. 21. humerus. 22. ulna. 23. radius. 24. carpus (carpometacarpus). 25. metacarpus (carpometacarpus). 26. digits ... The supracoracoideus and the pectorals together make up about 25 - 35% of the bird's full body weight.[citation needed] ... Birds are the only vertebrates to have fused clavicles (collarbone) (the furcula or wishbone) or a keeled sternum or breastbone ...
Below the ninth dorsal vertebra the location of the stomach is shown by a cluster of bones of prey animals, the organ itself ... The small body cavity in front of the halo seemed to indicate the presence of small stiff bird-like lungs. The presumed M. ... themselves connected to sterna that in the holotype specimen have not (yet) ossified. The lower rump is covered by a basket of ... Its body was probably covered by primitive feathers but these have not been found in the fossil, that is without any skin ...
... of the mandible Costovertebral articulations Sternocostal articulations Articulation of the manubrium and body of the sternum ... The back as a general area is the dorsum or dorsal area, and the lower back as the lumbus or lumbar region. The shoulderblades ... On the trunk of the body, the chest is referred to as the thoracic area. The shoulder in general is the acromial, while the ...
The dorsal blood vessel circulates the hemolymph, arthropods' fluid analog of blood, from the rear of the body cavity forward.[ ... Variation of this ground plan includes the fusion of terga or terga and sterna to form continuous dorsal or ventral shields or ... For males, the reproductive system is the testis, suspended in the body cavity by tracheae and the fat body. Most male insects ... perforated dorsal tube that pulses peristaltically. This dorsal blood vessel (element 14) is divided into two sections: the ...
He concluded that no authentic dorsal fins had been discovered. After displaced skins flaps from the body would have initially ... Breast bones or sterna are absent. Basal forms have a forelimb that is still functionally differentiated, in some details ... In the early 1880s, the first body outlines of ichthyosaurs were discovered. In 1881, Richard Owen reported ichthyosaur body ... In 1993, Martill admitted that at least some dorsal fin specimens are authentic. The fossil specimens that preserved dorsal ...
... on the basis of its well developed sternum and that the fifth distal tarsal is not a separate element, but the fifth metatarsal ... based on its small size and general body proportions. Harris and Carroll noted that its tail is not specialized as a swimming ... It possesses low but anteroposteriorly elongate neural spines in the dorsal region, 56 caudal vertebrae and 28 pairs of caudal ...
In mammals, the thorax is the region of the body formed by the sternum, the thoracic vertebrae, and the ribs. It extends from ... Each thoracic segment in an insect is further subdivided into various parts, the most significant of which are the dorsal ... In the human body, the region of the thorax between the neck and diaphragm in the front of the body is called the chest. The ... which is known as the sternal angle and this marks the junction between the manubrium and body of the sternum. Level with this ...
1. skull; 2. cervical vertebrae; 3. furcula; 4. coracoid; 5. vertebral ribs; 6. sternum and its keel; 7. patella; 8. tarsus; 9 ... At a body core temperature of 37 °C it is 6.3 kPa (47.0 mmHg), irrespective of any other influences, including altitude.[26] ... dorsal vertebrae; 21. humerus; 22. ulna; 23. radius; 24. carpus (carpometacarpus); 25. metacarpus (carpometacarpus); 26. digits ... Contributions to whole body functions. The lung vessels contain a fibrinolytic system that dissolves clots that may have ...
Variation of this ground plan includes the fusion of terga or terga and sterna to form continuous dorsal or ventral shields or ... The main component of the male reproductive system is the testis, suspended in the body cavity by tracheae and the fat body. ... and the small segment 11 is represented by a dorsal epiproct and pair of ventral paraprocts derived from the sternum. A pair of ... Terga are separated from each other and from the adjacent sterna or pleura by a membrane. Spiracles are located in the pleural ...
Its origin is via apoeurosis following the length of the mid-dorsal line, and its insertion is the dorsal portion of the last ... The normal body temperature of a cat is between 38.33 and 39.0 °C (101.0 and 102.2 °F).[10] A cat is considered febrile ( ... Its origin is the manubrium of the sternum, and its insertion is in a flat tendon on the fascia of the proximal end of the ulna ... It lies dorsal to the zygomatic arch and fills the temporal fossa of the skull. It arises from the side of the skull and ...
The second set, the ventral ribs arise from the vertebral column just below the dorsal ribs, and enclose the lower body, often ... They are attached to the vertebrae only, and not to the sternum or cartilage coming off of the sternum. ... Another ligament, the radiate ligament joins the head of the rib to the both the body of the upper vertebra and to the body of ... Not all species possess both types of rib, with the dorsal ribs being most commonly absent. Sharks, for example, have no dorsal ...
... dorsal wall of body; o, lung; o, air-sac.[12] ... They rely on a rocking motion of the keel of the sternum to ... Transverse folding brings the body wall anteriorly to enclose the gut and body cavities. The pleuroperitoneal membrane and body ... It helps to expel vomit, feces, and urine from the body by increasing intra-abdominal pressure, aids in childbirth,[7] and ... Septum transversum, pleuroperitoneal folds, body wall[1]. Artery. Pericardiacophrenic artery, musculophrenic artery, inferior ...
nov. 1. Dorsal chaetotaxy of body; 2. PAO and anterior cephalic pseudocelli; 3. Ant. III-IV; 4. Sensory rods and sensory clubs ... Dorsal chaetotaxy of head; 18. Ventral chaetotaxy of head; 19. Chaetotaxy of Abd. IV-VI terga; 20. Female Abd. V-VI sterna; 21 ... Body white in alcohol. Length of body 0.6-0.66 mm in females, 0.58-0.6 mm in male; holotype: 0.6 mm. Shape of body typical of ... Body white in alcohol. Length of body 0.48-0.56 mm in females; holotype: 0.5 mm. Shape of body typical of the genus, i.e., ...
Stetch front of body from the pubis. Raise sternum and ribs. Hold shoulders back. Press shoulder blades and dorsal spine in. ... Body, Nutrition + Wellness. Yoga for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. May 31, 2011. by Andrea Manitsas ... Body, Nutrition + Wellness. 7 Gym Hacks From a Personal Trainer. January 20, 2018. ... Think holistic means of bringing wellness to mind and body… and maybe some soul thrown in there too. ...
Stetch front of body from the pubis. Raise sternum and ribs. Hold shoulders back. Press shoulder blades and dorsal spine in. ... Think holistic means of bringing wellness to mind and body... and maybe some soul thrown in there too. ... stretching and balancing each joint in the upper body. In addition to experiencing significant improvement in grip strength, ...
Total body length ca 10.4 mm (figures 1 and 2a; electronic supplementary material, SI File 01). Prosomal dorsal shield ( ... Leg coxae surround a ventral plate-like sternum; length 1.5 mm, width 0.9 mm. ... Message Body (Your Name) thought you would like to see the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences ... b) Dorsal opisthosoma, and prosoma in posterior view, showing some opisthosomal segmentation. (c) Ventral view of prosoma, leg ...
The tail of this genus is more than half the length of the body and head. Trichys has sixteen dorsal and six lumbar vertebrae. ... There are only twelve dorsal vertebrae, and seven ribs reach the sternum. In the skull a distinguishing mark from the last two ... It is considerably longer than the body, measuring (minus a fragment of the tip) 172 mm., while the body is 125 mm. long. The ... The sternum has six pieces, and seven ribs reach it.. Cavia, including the species C. porcellus, the Guinea-pig (which name is ...
Fever.─Chilliness over whole body, immediately on getting out of bed in morning.─Becomes chilly over whole body on raising bed ... Neck and Back.─Pressive drawing in cervical vertebr as if it would draw head to r.─Drawing and pulling in dorsal vertebr as if ... sternum were pressed inwards. ... on expiration and by bending body sideways.─Sticking commences ...
In the typical body segment of an insect or many other Arthropoda, there are four principal regions. The dorsal region is the ... The ventral region is called the sternum, which commonly bears sternites. The two lateral regions are called the pleura ( ... The animal then expands its body by swallowing liquid or gas and in the process it stretches the new integument to its proper ... difference between the unmodified and modified forms of chitinous arthropodan exoskeletons can be seen by comparing the body ...
... dorsal wall of body; o, lung; o, air-sac.[2] ... sternum; f, pericardium; g, septum transversum; h, rectus ... Perineal body fascia (Dartos/fascia of perineum/superficial perineal fascia/Fascia of Colles, Perineal membrane/"Inferior ... By training proper posture and balance in the rest of the body, the diaphragm naturally strenghtens and works in concert with ... The diaphragm also helps to expel vomit, feces, and urine from the body by increasing intra-abdominal pressure. ...
attach the thoracic vertebrae on the dorsal surface of the body. First seven are true ribs because they directly attach to the ... sternum. breastbone, last bone of the axial skeleton. Consists of three parts: manubrium, gladidus, and xiphoid process. They ... found in certain bones, such as vertebrae,ribs, sternum,and cranium, and in the proximal ends of the humerus and femur. It ... forms the main trunk of the body, composed of skull, spinal column, ribs, and breastbone. ...
The rounded upper or dorsal part of the body-piece is the tergum, which means the back. In front of the abdomen, with its ... This cephalo-thorax has a tergum, or back part, a sternum, or under part, a pleuron, or side part (Fig. 15), and so many things ... So the body of the lobster is made up of six somites and a telson. Each body-piece has a pair of soft-jointed paddles on its ... So the first and second divisions of the body thus joined in one are called the ​thorax or head breastplate. The large piece of ...
The Body of the Sternum. The middle part of the body of the sternum is composed of four synchondrotic segments that become ... If possible, stabilization is applied to the back of the patient s dorsal spine by firm contact against the doctor s chest. The ... The Manubrium-Sternum Joint. The hinge joint between the manubrium and the body of the sternum is normally active in forced ... Anatomically, the sternum is divided into three main osseous parts: the manubrium, body, and xiphoid process.. The Manubrium. ...
The human skeleton is composed of the axial skeleton which lies in the midline of the body (skull, ribs, spine, and sternum) ... Ribcage, dorsal vertebrae, ribs and the sternum, encloses heart and lungs of vertebrates. ... Supports and give structure to the body.. *Protects body parts (brain, lungs, heart, spinal cord, liver, kidneys, and endocrine ... Helps move the body along with the muscles. The skeleton works as a place of attachment for the skeletal muscles. ...
... sternum, body of,?? Cusp(s), of valve, tricuspid, dorsal, ???? ??? Cusp(s), of valve, tricuspid, septal, ?????? ?? Cusp(s), of ... body of,???? Vertebra(e), lumbar, process of, spinous,???? Vertebra(e), lumbar, 1st,?? ?? Xiphoid process, of sternum, η????͵ ... sternum, process of, xiphoid, ????͵ Canal(s), vertebral, spinal cord within, lateral, dorsal view,???? Crus (Crura), of ... dorsal cusp, ??? Valve(s), atrioventricular, right (tricuspid), septal cusp,?? ?? Valve(s), atrioventricular, right (tricuspid ...
The skeletal frame of the thorax is formed by the sternum (breastbone) and ribs in front and the dorsal vertebrae in ... body division found in certain animals. In humans and other mammals it lies between the neck and abdomen and is also called the ... thorax, body division found in certain animals. In humans and other mammals it lies between the neck and abdomen and is also ... The skeletal frame of the thorax is formed by the sternum (breastbone) and ribs in front and the dorsal vertebrae in back. ...
The shell around each somite can be divided into a dorsal tergum, ventral sternum and a lateral pleuron. Various parts of the ... Each somite, or body segment can bear a pair of appendages: on the segments of the head, these include two pairs of antennae, ... The main body cavity is an open circulatory system, where blood is pumped into the haemocoel by a heart located near the dorsum ... The body of a crustacean is composed of segments, which are grouped into three regions: the cephalon or head, the thorax, and ...
The length and width of carapace, eye tubercle, labium and sternum are the maximum values obtained. The total body length ... Left palpal bulbs were removed from the cymbium and illustrated in dorsal, pro and retrolateral views. The setae of the male ... 2). Sternum oval, posterior sigilla more than one diameter from margin (Fig. 2). Fovea straight. Measurements: Palp: femur 6.4/ ... Sternum: length 2.8, width 2.6. Cheliceral basal segment with nine teeth. Labium quadrate bearing around 200 cuspules (Fig. 2 ...
... tion Enhance the Effects of a 10-Week Athletic Strength Training in ... A ventral and a dorsal pad were used to fixate the pelvis in the sagittal plane. One pad with a force transducer was placed ... The participant was to perform a forward bend, i.e., press against the sternum pad at maximum strength for 5 seconds and, after ... Ludwig O., Berger J., Becker S., Kemmler W., Fröhlich M. (2019) The Impact of Whole-Body Electromyostimulation on Body Posture ...
Metasomal sternum 7 normal, without tubercle. Body surface sculpture as in female, except for densely-haired clypeus. Mandible ... Dorsal metapleuron with strong striation; ventral metapleuron smooth. First metasomal segment with coarse and large punctures ... Similar to female [body black, with following pale yellow markings: anterior surface of first antennal segment, two long ... Male [female characters in square brackets]: Body length about 9.5 mm [12-12.5 mm]; fore wing length about 8.5 mm [10-10.5 mm ...
... dorsal and ventral sclerotized plates; dorsal plate generally with distinct V- shaped median groove; spiracles prominent, ... The bodies of these insects a nearly cylindrical, tapering to the posterior end, from about 1 to 7 or 8 cm in length. This ... first two abdominal sterna connate; five tarsomeres.. Larvae: generally very elongate, head generally small, somewhat retracted ... The typical buprestid body is said to be bullet shaped, but that is a distortion since they are mostly flattened dorsoventrally ...
... section of bodily tissue using a narrow collimated beam of x-rays that rotates in a full arc around a patient to image the body ... The walls of the chest are supported by the dorsal vertebrae, the ribs, and the sternum. ... Using the same dosage of radiation as that of an ordinary X-ray machine, an entire slice of the body can be made visible with ... The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains the lungs, the heart, and part of the aorta. ...
Transverse section of the skeleton of Chelone midas in the dorsal region. c Body of one of the dorsal vertebrae; n Expanded ... Some regard them as wholly corresponding with the sternum or breast-bone; others regard them as wholly integumentary; while ... 290) in which the body of a Chelonian is enclosed consists essentially of two pieces, a superior or dorsal piece, generally ... The carapace or dorsal shield (fig. 291) is composed of the following elements:. 1. The spinous processes of the dorsal ...
Posterior (dorsal) Proximal/distal Body Landmarks Pubic Bone. Clavicles. Sternum. Sternal notch. Ilia. ASIS(anterior superior ... By doing this we help the body to remove the compensation. Then we support the body to re-organize in a more healthy way ... By using CST, your body does the directing, Im just there to help facilitate the change or changes your body needs to make. ... With CST we tune into the bodys natural healing ability and support the body to dis-organize an area of organized dysfunction ...
... more externally along spinous processes of dorsal vertebr . ► Pressure upon left ; on sternum ; over forepart in morning, with ... upper part of body ; drawing R. pain now here, now there, and in right upper half of body, in shoulders, arms and wrists. ► ... Soreness in right lowest ribs ; in left lung ; behind sternum ; behind upper part of sternum on coughing ; right ribs on touch ... Sticking in pit at 5.30 P.M., extending through body to back (Bism.) ; S. in pit ; in epigastric region ; in right side ; in ...
When seen from the dorsal aspect, the body is oval to elongate in outline, the dorsum is strongly convex and the sternum is ... The dorsal and lateral aspects of the body with strumae or verrucae Scymnini 8(7) The dorsal and lateral aspects of the body ... The general form of the body is oval, the dorsal surface is globose. The body is usually light-yellow to yellowish- green in ... The body is elongate, oval to fusiform. The dorsal and lateral aspects are armed with scoli, the sternum with strumae or ...
  • The clavicle, which gets its name from the Latin word for key, is a long bone that connects the scapula to the sternum (breast bone) of the chest. (innerbody.com)
  • Long bone located between the sternum and the scapula. (ikonet.com)
  • The initiation of plastron bone development coincides with that of carapacial ridge formation, suggesting that the development of dorsal and ventral shells are coordinated from the start and that adopting an osteogenesis-inducing and chondrogenesis-suppressing cell fate in the ventral mesenchyme has permitted turtles to develop their order-specific ventral morphology. (pnas.org)
  • In the primitive turtle Proganochelys a dorsal process extending from the epiplastron bone to the carapace acted as a clavicle but in modern turtles this dorsal process is missing. (pnas.org)
  • The longest and heaviest bone in the body is the femur and the smallest is the stapes bone in the middle ear. (statemaster.com)
  • The hyoid bone , which is located in the neck and serves as the point of attachment for the tongue , does not articulate with any other bones in the body, being supported by muscles and ligaments. (statemaster.com)
  • After initial QST training per participating subject, pressure pain thresholds were obtained for muscles overlying bone using a pressure algometer with a 1.0 cm2 probe (Somedic Sales AB, Horby, Sweden), at each of the following sites on the dominant body side: clavicle (C5 dermatome), sternum (T4 dermatome), pancreatic site (dorsal and ventral T10 dermatome), hip region (L1 dermatome) and knee (L4 dermatome) (Figure 1). (nih.gov)
  • The sternum is a ventral bone unique to tetrapods, but a number of groups such as some amphibians, snakes and turtles lack it. (emporia.edu)
  • Dermatomes of measurement for quantitative sensory testing.Quantitative sensory testing was performed on the following sites on the dominant body side (black dots): clavicle (C5 dermatome), sternum (T4 dermatome), pancreatic site (dorsal and ventral T10 dermatome), hip region (L1 dermatome) and knee (L4 dermatome). (nih.gov)
  • Comparisons between this new specimen and other known early juvenile enantiornithines support a clade-wide asynchronous pattern of osteogenesis in the sternum and the vertebral column, and strongly indicate that the hatchlings of these phylogenetically basal birds varied greatly in size and tempo of skeletal maturation. (nature.com)
  • The length and width of carapace, eye tubercle, labium and sternum are the maximum values obtained. (scielo.br)
  • As regards the second of these points, the bony case (fig. 290) in which the body of a Chelonian is enclosed consists essentially of two pieces, a superior or dorsal piece, generally convex, called the " carapace ," and an inferior or ventral piece, generally flat or concave, called the " plastron . (chestofbooks.com)
  • The dorsal and ventral aspects of the turtle shell, the carapace and the plastron, are developmentally different entities. (pnas.org)
  • Helps move the body along with the muscles. (smore.com)
  • Superimposed Whole-Body Electromyostimulation is an effective training method and increases the strength of certain leg, hip and trunk muscles in ado-lescent soccer players. (jssm.org)
  • The techniques used for analyzing static positions of the body are only approximate inasmuch as forces accompanying movement incorporate such dynamic factors as acceleration, momentum, friction, the changing positions of rotational axes, and the resistance and support offered by tissues other than muscles. (chiro.org)
  • Muscles are responsible for locomotion and play an important part in performing vital body functions. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • These are the skeletal muscles that enable the body to move, and there are more than 600 of them in the human body. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Muscles enable the body to perform different types of movement. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • On the other hand, when they wish to rise, they relax the compression of the abdominal muscles, when the air-bladder fills and distends, and the body immediately ascends to the surface. (exclassics.com)
  • Muscles between the sternum and trachea or along the trachea and bronchi vary tension on the membranes. (britannica.com)
  • The bones of the skeletal system protect the soft internal organs of our body. (smore.com)
  • Its functions are supporting the body and protecting the vital organs. (reference.com)
  • It supports and protects organs within the dorsal and ventral body cavities. (reference.com)
  • 199. IN NATURAL HISTORY, FISHES form the fourth class in the system of Linnaeus, and are described as having long under-jaws, eggs without white, organs of sense, fins for supporters, bodies covered with concave scales, gills to supply the place of lungs for respiration, and water for the natural element of their existence. (exclassics.com)
  • The parietal and visceral layers of the mesoderm (excepFthe mesothelium lining the ccelom) and the mesoderm of the head region are destined to give rise to the various types of connective tissue forming parts of the other organs of the body. (edu.au)
  • To harvest all other abdominal organs, place the body in dorsal recumbency. (jove.com)
  • Candidiasis can affect the skin, nails and mucous membranes throughout the body including the mouth (thrush), esophagus, vagina (yeast infection), intestines and lungs. (mesotheliomahelpcenter.org)
  • Contrastingly, less rapid isometric growth was found in the external oblique muscle, a major respiratory muscle that moves the sternum dorsally during expiration. (peerj.com)
  • The placental embryo in the hierarchy of the PCV and its body to the apparently forming ISVs is it coelomic to do whether the ISV still is from its adult or contains mixed by( scientific tool) embryos dorsally was to the PCV by angle. (hooligani.ru)
  • In the neck the pressure of the soft parts usually keeps it closed, but frozen sections of the dead body show it sometimes closed and sometimes open. (chestofbooks.com)
  • image 1 (LL ) of mature cat, normal body condition, microchip near the scapular region, some rugal fold in the neck region, contenitive instrument in the neck region. (veterinaryradiology.net)
  • The front portion of the body between the forelegs and neck. (metaglossary.com)
  • The substance that forms the skeleton of the body and is composed chiefly of calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate. (getwords.com)
  • while others, again, hold - what is doubtless the correct opinion - that the plastron is formed partly of bones belonging to the endo-skeleton proper and representing the sternum, in part at any rate, and partly of integumentary ossifications. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Prior to X-ray videographic recording (see below), the birds were marked with 13 0.3-mm diameter (0.1 mg) platinum beads glued to the skin surface overlying the wing skeleton and body. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Markers overlying the wing skeleton were placed on the dorsal and ventral aspects of the left shoulder and left elbow, on the leading and trailing edge sides of the left manus and at the tip of the left manus ( figure 1 a,b ). (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • In an adult, the skeleton comprises around 20% of the total body weight. (statemaster.com)
  • Convergent evolution of gigantism in several Cretaceous pterosaur lineages was made possible through body density reduction by expansion of the pulmonary air sac system throughout the trunk and the distal limb girdle skeleton, highlighting the importance of respiratory adaptations in pterosaur evolution, and the dramatic effect of the release of physical constraints on morphological diversification and evolutionary radiation. (plos.org)
  • This section is from the book " Applied Anatomy: The Construction Of The Human Body ", by Gwilym G. Davis. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Owing to the complicated structure of the hoof, success in the practice of horseshoeing requires a knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the horse's body in general and of the foot in particular. (smallfarmersjournal.com)
  • By training proper posture and balance in the rest of the body, the diaphragm naturally strenghtens and works in concert with surrounding structures rather than in isolation. (wikidoc.org)
  • The diaphragm also helps to expel vomit , feces , and urine from the body by increasing intra-abdominal pressure. (wikidoc.org)
  • Arterial blood is the means by which oxygen and nutrients are transported to body tissues while venous blood is the means by which carbon dioxide and metabolic by-products are transported to the lungs and kidneys, respectively, for removal from the body. (getwords.com)
  • The heart, lungs and intestines decreased in size for hatch to slaughter weight when considered as a proportion of body mass. (peerj.com)
  • Workers of innotabilis differ as follows: 1) no erect hair on scapes, 2) generally larger (WL 0.66-0.73mm), 3) clypeus evenly convex, 4) palpal formula 2,2, 6) postpetiolar node widest midlength and sternum moderately to strongly prominent. (antwiki.org)
  • When positioning a bird for a ventro-dorsal x-ray, the head will be held slightly extended, the wings open at 90° with the body longer axis and the legs will be extended caudally, parallel to the body. (vin.com)
  • Turn your body and then turn the head to look over the right shoulder. (diseasefix.com)
  • The plastron bones, however, have a preliminary step that is not included in head formation: They must suppress the usual chondrogenic programs that would create the sternum cartilage. (pnas.org)
  • The skin will tear away from the body just above the hind limbs, and can be turned inside out over the head and forelegs. (jove.com)
  • As possible reasons, we consider female mate choice and divergent habits of males and females, but aposematism combined with toxic substances produced in defense glands or accumulated in the insect's body from nutritional plants are more plausible explanations for this phenomenon. (frontiersin.org)
  • The upper constriction at the cricoid cartilage is the least distensible part of the tube, so that a body passing it may pass entirely down. (chestofbooks.com)
  • Because of the structural-functional reciprocity of the clavicles with the sternum, pain and biomechanical disorders of sternoclavicular mobility and malalignment are typically referred to the shoulder. (chiro.org)
  • Twice a week for eight weeks, members of the study's yoga group practiced 11 yoga postures designed for strengthening, stretching and balancing each joint in the upper body. (organicauthority.com)
  • While linear motion is readily demonstrated in the body as a whole as it moves in a straight line, most joint motions are combinations of translatory and angular movements that are more often than not diagonal rather than parallel to the cardinal planes. (chiro.org)
  • Simple translatory motions of a body part involve movements of more than one joint. (chiro.org)
  • Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that takes the data from multiple X-ray images and turns them into pictures on a screen. (getwords.com)
  • The new species are placed into a new group of Wedoquella because, although in body morphology they resemble the Phiale gratiosa group, the genital structures of both sexes more closely resemble those of Wedoquella , and a preliminary analysis based on mitochondrial COI sequences places this new group as sister to Wedoquella rather than to Phiale . (scielo.org.ar)
  • However strongly these facts might be attested, they would hardly believe them, without the operation of their own senses, as they would recollect the effect produced on their own bodies when immersed in water, and the impossibility of their sustaining life in it for any lengthened period of time. (exclassics.com)