The lone species in the genus Nyctereutes, family CANIDAE. It is found in the woodland zone from southeastern Siberia to Vietnam and on the main islands of Japan.
The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.
Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.
A filarial parasite primarily of dogs but occurring also in foxes, wolves, and humans. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes.
Infection with nematodes of the genus DIROFILARIA, usually in animals, especially dogs, but occasionally in man.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). Human infections are confined almost entirely to children. This parasite is commonly seen in dogs, other Canidae, and porcupines with humans considered only an accidental host. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
Parasitic attack by members of the order SIPHONAPTERA.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A name for several highly contagious viral diseases of animals, especially canine distemper. In dogs, it is caused by the canine distemper virus (DISTEMPER VIRUS, CANINE). It is characterized by a diphasic fever, leukopenia, gastrointestinal and respiratory inflammation and sometimes, neurologic complications. In cats it is known as FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA.
The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).
A hereditary disease of the hip joints in dogs. Signs of the disease may be evident any time after 4 weeks of age.
Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.
A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.
Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
A species of tick (TICKS) in the family IXODIDAE, distributed throughout the world but abundant in southern Europe. It will feed on a wide variety of MAMMALS, but DOGS are its preferred host. It transmits a large number of diseases including BABESIOSIS; THEILERIASIS; EHRLICHIOSIS; and MEDITERRANEAN SPOTTED FEVER.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
Species of gram-negative bacteria in the family ANAPLASMATACEAE, causing EHRLICHIOSIS in DOGS. The most common vector is the brown dog tick. It can also cause disease in humans.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)
A species of MORBILLIVIRUS causing distemper in dogs, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and ferrets. Pinnipeds have also been known to contract Canine distemper virus from contact with domestic dogs.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.
Receptors in the vascular system, particularly the aorta and carotid sinus, which are sensitive to stretch of the vessel walls.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
The dilated portion of the common carotid artery at its bifurcation into external and internal carotids. It contains baroreceptors which, when stimulated, cause slowing of the heart, vasodilatation, and a fall in blood pressure.
A genus of FLEAS in the family Pulicidae. It includes the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis), one of the most common species on earth.
A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.
A tick-borne disease characterized by FEVER; HEADACHE; myalgias; ANOREXIA; and occasionally RASH. It is caused by several bacterial species and can produce disease in DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; HORSES; and humans. The primary species causing human disease are EHRLICHIA CHAFFEENSIS; ANAPLASMA PHAGOCYTOPHILUM; and Ehrlichia ewingii.
Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.
An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
A departure from the normal gait in animals.
The resection or removal of the nerve to an organ or part. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
A genus of tick-borne protozoan parasites that infests the red blood cells of mammals, including humans. There are many recognized species, and the distribution is world-wide.
A paravertebral sympathetic ganglion formed by the fusion of the inferior cervical and first thoracic ganglia.
The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.
An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Small, often pleomorphic, coccoid to ellipsoidal organisms occurring intracytoplasmically in circulating LYMPHOCYTES. They are the etiologic agents of tick-borne diseases of humans; DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; and HORSES.
A pesticide or chemical agent that kills mites and ticks. This is a large class that includes carbamates, formamides, organochlorines, organophosphates, etc, that act as antibiotics or growth regulators.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A phenothiazine that is used in the treatment of PSYCHOSES.
An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments.
An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART VENTRICLES.
Gonadal neoplasm composed entirely of SERTOLI CELLS or may have a component of GRANULOSA CELLS. Some of the Sertoli cell tumors produce ESTROGEN or ANDROGENS, but seldom in sufficient quantity to cause clinical symptoms such as FEMINIZATION or masculinization (VIRILISM).
A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates.
In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.
A superfamily of parasitic nematodes which includes three genera: Thelazia, Spirocerca, and GNATHOSTOMA. Only Thelazia and GNATHOSTOMA occasionally occur in man.
An agonist of RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 that is used in veterinary medicine for its analgesic and sedative properties. It is the racemate of DEXMEDETOMIDINE.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
A genus of parasitic nematodes of the superfamily METASTRONGYLOIDEA. Two species, ANGIOSTRONGYLUS CANTONENSIS and A. vasorum, infest the lungs of rats and dogs, respectively. A. cantonensis is transmissible to man where it causes frequently fatal infection of the central nervous system.
Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.
A genus of protozoan parasites of the subclass COCCIDIA. Its species are parasitic in dogs, cattle, goats, and sheep, among others. N. caninum, a species that mainly infects dogs, is intracellular in neural and other cells of the body, multiplies by endodyogeny, has no parasitophorous vacuole, and has numerous rhoptries. It is known to cause lesions in many tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord as well as abortion in the expectant mother.
A family of the order Rodentia which contains 49 genera. Some of the more common genera are MARMOTA, which includes the marmot and woodchuck; Sciurus, the gray squirrel, S. carolinensis, and the fox squirrel, S. niger; Tamias, the eastern and western chipmunk; and Tamiasciurus, the red squirrel. The flying squirrels, except the scaly-tailed Anomaluridae, also belong to this family.
Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
The period of time following the triggering of an ACTION POTENTIAL when the CELL MEMBRANE has changed to an unexcitable state and is gradually restored to the resting (excitable) state. During the absolute refractory period no other stimulus can trigger a response. This is followed by the relative refractory period during which the cell gradually becomes more excitable and the stronger impulse that is required to illicit a response gradually lessens to that required during the resting state.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
The administration of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through some other route than the alimentary canal, usually over minutes or hours, either by gravity flow or often by infusion pumping.
Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.
An inflammatory process involving the brain (ENCEPHALITIS) and meninges (MENINGITIS), most often produced by pathogenic organisms which invade the central nervous system, and occasionally by toxins, autoimmune disorders, and other conditions.
Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.
An increase in the excretion of URINE. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
Infections by the genus BARTONELLA. Bartonella bacilliformis can cause acute febrile anemia, designated Oroya fever, and a benign skin eruption, called verruga peruana. BARTONELLA QUINTANA causes TRENCH FEVER, while BARTONELLA HENSELAE is the etiologic agent of bacillary angiomatosis (ANGIOMATOSIS, BACILLARY) and is also one of the causes of CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE in immunocompetent patients.
Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.
The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 8. The H3N8 subtype has frequently been found in horses.
A species of hydatid tapeworm (class CESTODA) in the family Taeniidae, whose adult form infects the DIGESTIVE TRACT of DOGS, other canines, and CATS. The larval form infects SHEEP; PIGS; HORSES; and may infect humans, where it migrates to various organs and forms permanent HYDATID CYSTS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
A species of the genus PARVOVIRUS and a host range variant of FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS. It causes a highly infectious fulminating ENTERITIS in dogs producing high mortality. It is distinct from CANINE MINUTE VIRUS, a species in the genus BOCAVIRUS. This virus can also infect cats and mink.
The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
Isopropyl analog of EPINEPHRINE; beta-sympathomimetic that acts on the heart, bronchi, skeletal muscle, alimentary tract, etc. It is used mainly as bronchodilator and heart stimulant.
Species of the genus MASTADENOVIRUS that causes fever, edema, vomiting, and diarrhea in dogs and encephalitis in foxes. Epizootics have also been caused in bears, wolves, coyotes, and skunks. The official species name is Canine adenovirus and it contains two serotypes.
Protozoan infection found in animals and man. It is caused by several different genera of COCCIDIA.
Delivery of drugs into an artery.
A 29-amino acid pancreatic peptide derived from proglucagon which is also the precursor of intestinal GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDES. Glucagon is secreted by PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS and plays an important role in regulation of BLOOD GLUCOSE concentration, ketone metabolism, and several other biochemical and physiological processes. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p1511)
A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC
Tumors or cancer of the anal gland.
A genus of filarial nematodes. Various immature species have been found to infect the eyes or subcutaneous tissue in humans.
Malignant neoplasms composed of MACROPHAGES or DENDRITIC CELLS. Most histiocytic sarcomas present as localized tumor masses without a leukemic phase. Though the biological behavior of these neoplasms resemble lymphomas, their cell lineage is histiocytic not lymphoid.
The innermost layer of the heart, comprised of endothelial cells.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Abnormally rapid heartbeat, usually with a HEART RATE above 100 beats per minute for adults. Tachycardia accompanied by disturbance in the cardiac depolarization (cardiac arrhythmia) is called tachyarrhythmia.
A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
The circulation of BLOOD through the LIVER.
Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)
Drugs that bind to but do not activate alpha-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of endogenous or exogenous adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic alpha-antagonists are used in the treatment of hypertension, vasospasm, peripheral vascular disease, shock, and pheochromocytoma.
An infection caused by the infestation of the larval form of tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. The liver, lungs, and kidney are the most common areas of infestation.
Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting dogs. Onset of symptoms is usually sudden and includes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.
Sodium excretion by URINATION.
A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.
The decrease in a measurable parameter of a PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS, including cellular, microbial, and plant; immunological, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive, urinary, digestive, neural, musculoskeletal, ocular, and skin physiological processes; or METABOLIC PROCESS, including enzymatic and other pharmacological processes, by a drug or other chemical.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Volume of biological fluid completely cleared of drug metabolites as measured in unit time. Elimination occurs as a result of metabolic processes in the kidney, liver, saliva, sweat, intestine, heart, brain, or other site.
Respiratory muscles that arise from the lower border of one rib and insert into the upper border of the adjoining rib, and contract during inspiration or respiration. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A genus of gram-negative bacteria characteristically appearing in chains of several segmenting organisms. It occurs in man and arthropod vectors and is found only in the Andes region of South America. This genus is the etiologic agent of human bartonellosis. The genus Rochalimaea, once considered a separate genus, has recently been combined with the genus Bartonella as a result of high levels of relatedness in 16S rRNA sequence data and DNA hybridization data.
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
A group of glycine amides of aminobenzoic acids.
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.
A nonselective alpha-adrenergic antagonist. It is used in the treatment of hypertension and hypertensive emergencies, pheochromocytoma, vasospasm of RAYNAUD DISEASE and frostbite, clonidine withdrawal syndrome, impotence, and peripheral vascular disease.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.
An extremely stable inhalation anesthetic that allows rapid adjustments of anesthesia depth with little change in pulse or respiratory rate.
A gram-negative gliding bacterium isolated from the oral cavity. It is a pathogen often causing PERIODONTITIS.
Compounds containing the hexamethylenebis(trimethylammonium) cation. Members of this group frequently act as antihypertensive agents and selective ganglionic blocking agents.
A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.
A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
A general class of ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine.
A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.
A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
Infection by round worms of the genus TOXOCARA, usually found in wild and domesticated cats and dogs and foxes, except for the larvae, which may produce visceral and ocular larva migrans in man.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to PROTOZOAN ANTIGENS.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
A pair of anal glands or sacs, located on either side of the ANUS, that produce and store a dark, foul-smelling fluid in carnivorous animals such as MEPHITIDAE and DOGS. The expelled fluid is used as a defensive repellent (in skunks) or a material to mark territory (in dogs).
The circulation of the BLOOD through the vessels of the KIDNEY.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The act of constricting.
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
The small mass of modified cardiac muscle fibers located at the junction of the superior vena cava (VENA CAVA, SUPERIOR) and right atrium. Contraction impulses probably start in this node, spread over the atrium (HEART ATRIUM) and are then transmitted by the atrioventricular bundle (BUNDLE OF HIS) to the ventricle (HEART VENTRICLE).
The time it takes for a substance (drug, radioactive nuclide, or other) to lose half of its pharmacologic, physiologic, or radiologic activity.
A peptide hormone of about 27 amino acids from the duodenal mucosa that activates pancreatic secretion and lowers the blood sugar level. (USAN and the USP Dictionary of Drug Names, 1994, p597)
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Isotopes that exhibit radioactivity and undergo radioactive decay. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.
Compounds having the nitro group, -NO2, attached to carbon. When attached to nitrogen they are nitramines and attached to oxygen they are NITRATES.
An alpha-adrenergic antagonist with long duration of action. It has been used to treat hypertension and as a peripheral vasodilator.
Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by the absence or deficiency of BETA-GALACTOSIDASE. It is characterized by intralysosomal accumulation of G(M1) GANGLIOSIDE and oligosaccharides, primarily in neurons of the central nervous system. The infantile form is characterized by MUSCLE HYPOTONIA, poor psychomotor development, HIRSUTISM, hepatosplenomegaly, and facial abnormalities. The juvenile form features HYPERACUSIS; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. The adult form features progressive DEMENTIA; ATAXIA; and MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp96-7)
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Infections with nematodes of the order SPIRURIDA.
A peptide of about 22-amino acids isolated from the DUODENUM. At low pH it inhibits gastric motor activity, whereas at high pH it has a stimulating effect.
Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.

Myocardial uptake of digoxin in chronically digitalized dogs. (1/32296)

1 The time course of myocardial uptake of digoxin, increase in contractility and changes in myocardial potassium concentration was studied for 90 min following an intravenous digoxin dose to long-term digitalized dogs. 2 Nineteen dogs were investigated by the use of a biopsy technique which allowed sampling before and after administration of digoxin. 3 Ten minutes after administration of digoxin the myocardial concentration increased from 60 to 306 nmol/kg tissue, the myocardial concentration of digoxin was significantly lower (250 nmol/kg tissue) after 30 min and then increased again. 4 The transmural myocardial distribution of digoxin was uniform before and 90 min after administration of digoxin in long-term digitalized dogs but at 10 min after administration, both the subepicardial and the subendocardial concentration of digoxin were significantly lower than that of the mesocardial layer. 5 During the first 10 min the dp/dtmax increased to 135% of the control level. The increase remained unchanged during the rest of the study. 6 Myocardial potassium decreased throughout the study. 7 The M-configuration of the myocardial uptake curve and the non-uniformity of myocardial distribution of digoxin observed at 10 min after administrating digoxin to long-term digitalized dogs indicate that the distribution of myocardial blood flow may be changed during chronic digitalization.  (+info)

Some leptospira agglutinins detected in domestic animals in British Columbia. (2/32296)

During a period of six years 7,555 bovine sera, 421 canine sera, 251 porcine sera and 135 equine sera were tested for agglutinins to Leptospira interrogans serotypes canicola, grippotyphosa, hardjo, icterohemorrhagiae, pomona and sejroe. The bovine sera reacted predominantly with hardjo and/or sejroe at a rate of 15% compared to 3.5% with pomona. Breeding or abortion problems were associated with pomona but not with sejroe/hardjo agglutinins. The canine sera reacted to canicola (9.9%y and icterohemorrhagiae (5.4%), tcted predominantly with canicola (8.9%) and icterohemorrhagiae (8.1%).  (+info)

The bioavailability, dispostion kinetics and dosage of sulphadimethoxine in dogs. (3/32296)

The disposition kinetics of sulphadimethoxine were studied in six normal beagle dogs after intravenous injection of a single dose (55 mg/kg). The median (range) distribution and elimination half times of the drug were 2.36 (2.06-3.35) hours and 13.10 (9.71-16.50) hours, respectively. Total body clearance of the drug had a median value of 21.7 ml/kg/h and a mean value of 21.4 ml/kg/h. While the overall tissue to plasma level ratio (k12/k21) of the drug was 0.55 after distribution equilibrium had been attained, analogue computer simulated curves showed that at 24 hours the fractions (percentage) of the dose in the central and tissue compartments were 12 and 11%, respectively. The drug was shown, by equilibrium dialysis method, to be highly bound to plasma proteins (greater than 75%) within the usual therapeutic range (50 to 150 mug/ml) of plasma levels. The systemic availability of sulphadimethoxine from the oral suspension was 32.8% (22.5-80.0). Since the absorption half time, 1.87 (0.86-3.22) hours, was considerably shorter than the half-life, 13.10 (9.71-16.50) hours, of the drug, the rate of absorption would have little influence on the dosage regimen. Based on the experimental data obtained, a satisfactory dosage regimen might consist of a priming dose of 55 mg/kg by the intravenous route and maintenance doses of either 27.5 mg/kg of sulphadimethoxine injection given intravenously or 55 mg/kg of the oral suspension administered at 24 hour intervals. The adequacy and duration of therapy will depend upon the clinical response obtained.  (+info)

Phasic right coronary artery blood flow in conscious dogs with normal and elevated right ventricular pressures. (4/32296)

We studied phasic right coronary blood flow in well trained normal dogs and dogs with pulmonic stenosis. We installed electromagnetic flow transducers and pressure tubes under anesthesia to monitor right coronary blood flow, cardiac output, central aortic blood pressure, and right ventribular pressure. In normotensive dogs, systolic flow amplitude equaled early diastolic flow levels. The ratio of systolic to diastolic flow at rest was substantially greater in the right coronary bed (36+/-1.3%) than in the left circumflex bed (13+/-3.6%). Right diastolid flow runoff, including the cove late in diastole, resembled left circumflex runoff. Blood flow to the normotensive right (37+/-1.1 ml/min 100(-1) g) and the left (35+/-1.0 ml/min(-1) g) ventricular myocardium indicated equal perfusion of both cardiac walls. Throttling of systolic flow was related directly to the right ventricular systolic pressure level in the dogs with pulmonic stenosis. Retrograde systolic flow occurred in severe right ventricular hypertension. The late diastolic runoff pattern in dogs with pulmonic stenosis appeared the same as for the normotensive dogs. We obtained systolic to diastolic flow ratios of 1/3 the value of normotensive hearts in high and severe pulmonic hypertension. Electrocardiograms and studies of pathology suggested restricted blood flow to the inner layers of the right myocardium in the dogs with severe and high right ventricular hypertension. Normotensive and hypertensive peak hyperemic flow responses were similar, except for an increased magnitude of diastolic flow, with proportionately less systolic flow in hypertensive states.  (+info)

Ventricular pressure-volume curve indices change with end-diastolic pressure. (5/32296)

Many indices have been proposed to describee the diastolic pressure-volume curve mathematically and permit quantification of the elastic properties of the myocardium itself in hopes that changes in the muscle caused by disease would b.e reflected in the diastolic pressure-volume curve. To date, none of the proposed indices has been shown convincingly to discriminate one group of patients from another. While this situation in part arises from the relatively large amount of noise introduced by the technical difficulties of measuring synchronous pressures and volumes during diastole in man, ther is a more fundamental difficulty. In practice, one can measure only a short segment of the entire pressure-volume curve, and the values of all diastolic pressure-volume curve parameters investigated change significantly when one uses different segments of the same pressure-volume curve to compute them. These results were derived from relatively noise-free pressure-volume curves obtained by filling nine excised dog left ventricles at a known rate and monitoring pressure-volume curve used to compute the parameter. Merely increasing measurement fidelity will not resolve this problem, because none of these parameters accurately characterizes the entire diastolic pressure-volume curbe from a segment like that which one can reasonably expect to obtain from humans.  (+info)

Quantification of baroreceptor influence on arterial pressure changes seen in primary angiotension-induced hypertension in dogs. (6/32296)

We studied the role of the sino-aortic baroreceptors in the gradual development of hypertension induced by prolonged administration of small amounts of angiotensin II (A II) in intact dogs and dogs with denervated sino-aortic baroreceptors. Short-term 1-hour infusions of A II(1.0-100 ng/kg per min) showed that conscious denervated dogs had twice the pressor sensitivity of intact dogs. Long-term infusions of A II at 5.0 ng/kg per min (2-3 weeks) with continuous 24-hour recordings of arterial pressure showed that intact dogs required 28 hours to reach the same level of pressure attained by denervated dogs during the 1st hour of infusion. At the 28th hour the pressure in both groups was 70% of the maximum value attained by the 7th day of infusion. Both intact and denervated dogs reached nearly the same plateau level of pressure, the magnitude being directly related both the the A II infusion rate and the daily sodium intake. Cardiac output in intact dogs initially decreased after the onset of A II infusion, but by the 5th day of infusion it was 38% above control, whereas blood volume was unchanged. Heart rate returned to normal after a reduction during the 1st day of infusion in intact dogs. Plasma renin activity could not be detected after 24 hours of A II infusion in either intact or denervated dogs. The data indicate that about 35% of the hypertensive effect of A II results from its acute pressor action, and an additional 35% of the gradual increase in arterial pressure is in large measure a result of baroreceptor resetting. We conclude that the final 30% increase in pressure seems to result from increased cardiac output, the cause of which may be decreased vascular compliance. since the blood volume remains unaltered.  (+info)

Acute and chronic dose-response relationships for angiotensin, aldosterone, and arterial pressure at varying levels of sodium intake. (7/32296)

We examined the acute and chronic dose-response relationships between intravenously infused angiotensin II (A II) and the resulting changes in arterial pressure and plasma aldosterone concentration at varying levels of sodium intake. Sequential analysis of plasma aldosterone at each A II infusion rate resulted in an acute dose-related increase in plasma aldosterone which was markedly attenuated after the first 24 hours of infusion, the final level being directly related to the dose of A II and inversely related to sodium intake. A II infused at 5,15, and 23 ng/kg per min was associated with an initial increase (2nd to 8th hour) in plasma aldosterone to 2,6, and 9 times control values, respectively, in dogs receiving 40 mEq Na+/day. But, after the 1st day, aldosterone averaged only 1, 1.7, and 3 times control values for the next 2 weeks at the same rates of A II infusion. Dogs receiving 120 mEq Na+/day during A II infusion exhibited only a transient increase in plasma aldosterone during the 1st day. Sustained hypertension developed over a period of a week at all doses of A II at normal and high sodium intake, but did not occur at any dose of A II in sodium-depleted dogs. Increasing sodium intake from 40 to 120 mEq/day resulted in higher levels of hypertension, 125% compared to 140% of ocntrol values for dogs infused with A II, 5.0 ng/kg per min. We conclude that primary angiotensin-induced hypertension need not be associated with increased levels of plasma aldosterone, which appears to remain elevated only with amounts of A II greater than those required to sustain a significant degree of hypertension.  (+info)

The effect of cardiac contraction on collateral resistance in the canine heart. (8/32296)

We determined whether the coronary collateral vessels develop an increased resistance to blood flow during systole as does the cognate vascular bed. Collateral resistance was estimated by measuring retrograde flow rate from a distal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery while the main left coronary artery was perfused at a constant pressure. Retrograde flow rate was measured before and during vagal arrest. We found that in 10 dogs the prolonged diastole experienced when the heart was stopped caused no significant change in the retrograde flow rate, which indicated that systole has little effect on the collateral resistance. However, when left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was altered by changing afterload or contractility, a direct relationship between end-diastolic pressure and collateral resistance was noted.  (+info)

NOTOC__ [[File:Miniature Poodle.jpg,thumb,,ref>[ Pets Place],/ref>]] The Miniature Poodle [[breeds,breed]] are a European dog. The Miniature Poodle has a graceful, small- to medium-sized frame with a rounded skull, a long head and muzzle, dark oval eyes and wide, close-hanging ears. They have docked tails (usually) and compact, webbed feet. The coat is sometimes curly, sometimes corded or ribbed, and can be any solid color. Grooming styles include the pet clip (short all over), the Continental clip (the hindquarters shaved, half of the tail and the upper half of the legs) English saddle clip (same as the Continental Clip except the hindquarters are not shaved). Most show dogs appear with the Continental Clip. Miniature Poodles can live as long as 15 years. ==Disease predisposition== *[[Patent ductus arteriosus]] *[[Endocardiosis]] *[[Dilated cardiomyopathy]] *[[Malassezia dermatitis]] *[[Vasculitis,Rabies-vaccine-associated vasculitis]] ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Special pharmacokinetic characteristics of budesonide in healthy beagle dogs. AU - Melamies, Marika. AU - Vainio, Outi. AU - Peltoniemi, Marikki. AU - Peltonen, Kimmo. AU - Berg, Seija. AU - Niva, K-L. AU - Rajamäki, Minna Marjaana. N1 - Volume: Proceeding volume: PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. M3 - Conference contribution. SP - 260. BT - Unknown host publication. ER - ...
STOPIGLIA, Angelo João et al. Clinical evaluation using the total circulatory stasis in dogs (Canis familiaris). Acta Cir. Bras. [online]. 2001, vol.16, n.4, pp.211-217. ISSN 0102-8650. The experiment s objective was to verify possible clinic and neurologic complications that could occur in dogs submitted to total circulatory stasis in different periods: five and ten minutes, by the technique of Inflow Occlusion. Ten healthy adults Mongrel dogs were used, males and females, weighing between fifteen and twenty kilograms. The dogs were divided in two groups of five: GROUP A - animals submitted to five minutes of total circulatory stasis; GROUP B - animals submitted to ten minutes of total circulatory stasis. Transoperative and postoperative ( 24 and 48 hours after surgery), were evaluated until six weeks. Alterations such as oftalmologics, neurologic, motor coordination, conscience and comportment by clinic exam were evaluated. It was concluded ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Exocytosis of vacuolar apical compartment (VAC) in Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells: CAMP is involved as second messenger. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Female dog urine is generally no different than male dog urine. There are some exceptions to this but basically they are the same. If you want to know more about the makeup of the urine itself read dogs urine. It is commonly thought that female dog urine is more acidic than male. It is also thought that this extra
TY - JOUR. T1 - INTRA- AND INTEROBSERVER VARIABILITY OF ULTRASONOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENTS OF THE ADRENAL GLANDS IN HEALTHY BEAGLES. AU - Barberet, Virginie. AU - Pey, Pascaline. AU - Duchateau, Luc. AU - Combes, Anais. AU - Daminet, Sylvie. AU - Saunders, Jimmy H.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - The aim of the present study was to establish which adrenal gland measurement was characterized by the least variations. To do this, we quantified the variability of seven different size measurements of the canine adrenal gland (maximal length, maximal height at the cranial and caudal poles on longitudinal and transverse images, and maximal width of the cranial and caudal poles) within observer, between observer, and between dogs based on three different measurements made by each of the three observers in six healthy Beagle dogs. The height of the caudal pole of both adrenal glands measured on longitudinal images had the lowest intra-and interobserver variability, while measurements of the length had the highest ...
The dog leukocyte antigen (DLA) is a part of the major hisocompatability complex (MHC) in dogs, encoding genes in the MHC. The DLA and MHC system are interchangeable terms in canines. The MHC plays a critical role in the immune response system and consists of three regions: class I, class II and class III. DLA genes belong to the first two classes, which are involved in the regulation of antigens in the immune system. The class II genes are highly polymorphic, with many different alleles/haplotypes that have been linked to diseases, allergies, and autoimmune conditions such as diabetes, polyarthritus, and hypothyroidism in canines. There are likely hundreds of immunologically relevant genes making up the DLA region in the canine genome; as of the present date the complete characteristics of the gene is unknown. MHC genes represent candidates for disease susceptibility in canines; some alleles promote protection against immune-mediated diseases and some increase susceptibility. For example, ...
American Kennel Club - News Article - American Kennel Club Honors the Northern Neck Kennel Club of Virginia With a Community Achievement Award
Lipid antigens are presented to T cells by the CD1 family of proteins. In this study, we characterize the complete dog (Canis familiaris) CD1 locus, which is located on chromosome 38. The canine locus contains eight CD1A genes (canCD1A), of which five are pseudogenes, one canCD1B, one canCD1C, one canCD1D, and one canCD1E gene. In vivo expression of canine CD1 proteins was shown for canCD1a6, canCD1a8, and canCD1b, using a panel of anti-CD1 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). CanCD1a6 and canCD1a8 are recognized by two distinct mAbs. Furthermore, we show differential transcription of the three canCD1A genes in canine tissues. In canine skin, the transcription level of canCD1A8 was higher than that of canCD1A6, and no transcription of canCD1A2 was detected. Based on protein modeling and protein sequence alignment, we predict that both canine CD1a proteins can bind different glycolipids in their groove. Besides differences in ectodomain structure, we observed the unique presence of three types of ...
Farrell, M, Solano, MA, Fitzpatrick, N and Jovanovik, J (2013) Use of an Ex Vivo Canine Ventral Slot Model to Test the Efficacy of a Piezoelectric Cutting Tool for Decompressive Spinal Surgery ...
Studies were performed in 16 adult mongrel dogs weighing 25 to 32 kg; additional dogs were used for preliminary studies as detailed in the text. The dogs were anesthetized (sodium pentobarbital, 30 mg/kg i.v.) and mechanically ventilated. In the supine position, the left femoral vein was cannulated for fluid infusion. Both femoral arteries were dissected for later cannulation. A micro-tipped manometer (Millar Instruments, Houston, TX) was inserted into the left ventricle through the right carotid artery to monitor left ventricular pressure. The left carotid artery was also cannulated with a micro-tipped manometer to measure aortic pressure (AoP). The right jugular vein was cannulated for central venous pressure measurement.. Through a midline laparotomy, both ureters were individually cannulated to quantify urine output and to obtain urine samples separately from each kidney. The abdominal wall was then tightly closed to prevent hypothermia and water loss.. Thereafter, the dog was repositioned ...
Four Dogs Playing Poker: Directed by Paul Rachman. With Olivia Williams, Balthazar Getty, Arly Jover, Jason Cairns. Four friends steal a valuable statuette for a dangerous black market art dealer, lose it, and are forced to play a deadly bluffing game to save their lives.
Miniature Poodle owner needs this information. Most poodle breeds are pronged to certain illnesses. Learn how CBD oil can prevent illnesses in your poodle
Alliance Data Systems Corporation (NYSE: ADS), a leading global provider of data-driven marketing and loyalty solutions, today announced its Retail Services business, which manages more than 130 private label and co-brand credit programs, has signed a long-term agreement to provide co-brand affinity credit card services for The American Kennel Club (AKC,, the only non-profit registry of purebred dogs in the United States. Founded in 1884, the American Kennel Club and its affiliated organizations advance canine health and well-being, work to protect the rights of all dog owners and promote responsible dog ownership.. Owners and enthusiasts who engage with the American Kennel Club are passionate about their dogs, and we want to give them even more reasons to choose AKC as a resource for all things pet-related. The new credit program will do just that by providing a platform for us to engage with our customers and reward them for their loyalty to the AKC, said Daphna Straus, VP, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cyclic AMP modulates the rate of constitutive exocytosis of apical membrane proteins in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. AU - Brignoni, M.. AU - Pignataro, O. P.. AU - Rodriguez, M. L.. AU - Alvarez, A.. AU - Vega-Salas, D. E.. AU - Rodriguez-Boulan, E.. AU - Salas, P. J.I.. PY - 1995. Y1 - 1995. N2 - Madin-Darby canine kidney and other epithelial cell lines (e.g. Caco-2, MCF-10A and MCF-7) develop intracellular vacuoles composed of apical membrane displaying microvilli (VACs) when impaired from forming normal cell-to-cell contacts. In a previous publication, we showed that VACs are rapidly exocytosed upon treatment with 8-Br-3,5-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (8-Br-cAMP), a membrane-permeable analog of cAMP, and that this exocytosis correlates with variations in the cellular cAMP concentration in response to the cell-cell contacts. In the present work, we tested the hypothesis that cAMP may be a positive modulator of the constitutive exocytic pathway. To mimic conditions in ...
Recovery is a long process that must be taken very seriously. The good thing is that we have a lot of information about how long it will take because dogs are mimicking humans every step of the way. Humans usually complain of being tired for up to 3 years. Since everything happens 7 times faster in dogs, they seem to stay tired for 6 months.. When the dog is released from NCSU they are cancer free and on zero medications. They are predicted to lose a majority of their hair from the irradiation and when it grows back it usually comes in white.. The dogs are put back on their regular diet, but adjustments might be necessary if they still show signs of upset stomach. The dogs are required to get plenty of rest and they should only move around when eating, drinking or going potty. The critical bed rest period lasts for 6 weeks.. If the dog receives a transfusion they are required to have their blood drawn once every week until their platelets are over 100,000; healthy numbers are 200,000. Once the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - New Agents for Targeting of IL-13RA2 Expressed in Primary Human and Canine Brain Tumors. AU - Debinski, Waldemar. AU - Dickinson, Peter J. AU - Rossmeisl, John H.. AU - Robertson, John. AU - Gibo, Denise M.. PY - 2013/10/16. Y1 - 2013/10/16. N2 - Interleukin 13 receptor alpha 2 (IL-13RA2) is over-expressed in a vast majority of human patients with high-grade astrocytomas like glioblastoma. Spontaneous astrocytomas in dogs resemble human disease and have been proposed as translational model system for investigation of novel therapeutic strategies for brain tumors. We have generated reagents for both detection and therapeutic targeting of IL-13RA2 in human and canine brain tumors. Peptides from three different regions of IL-13RA2 with 100% sequence identity between human and canine receptors were used as immunogens for generation of monoclonal antibodies. Recombinant canine mutant IL-13 (canIL-13.E13K) and canIL-13.E13K based cytotoxin were also produced. The antibodies were ...
Initiation of reepithelialization upon wounding is still poorly understood. To enhance this understanding, we focus here on changes in the adhesive state of desmosomes of cultured Madin-Darby canine kidney cells in response to wounding of confluent cell sheets. Previous results show that desmosomal adhesion in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells changes from a calcium-dependent state to calcium independence in confluent cell sheets. We show that this change, which requires culture confluence to develop, is rapidly reversed upon wounding of confluent cell sheets. Moreover, the change to calcium dependence in wound edge cells is propagated to cells hundreds of micrometers away from the wound edge. Rapid transition from calcium independence to calcium dependence also occurs when cells are treated with phorbol esters that activate PKC. PKC inhibitors, including the conventional isoform inhibitor Gö6976, cause rapid transition from calcium dependence to calcium independence, even in subconfluent cells. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neurohumoral and cardiopulmonary response to sustained submaximal exercise in the dog. AU - Kirlin, P. C.. AU - Kittleson, Mark D. AU - Johnson, L. E.. PY - 1987. Y1 - 1987. N2 - Neurohumoral, cardiovascular, and respiratory parameters were evaluated during sustained submaximal exercise (3.2 km/h, 15° elevation) in normal adult mongrel dogs. At the level of activity achieved (fivefold elevation of total body O2 consumption and threefold elevation of cardiac output), significant (P , 0.05) increases in plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine concentration (from 150 ± 23 to 341 ± 35 and from 127 ± 27 to 222 ± 31 pg/ml, respectively) were present, as well as smaller but significant increases in plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone concentration (from 2.2 ± 0.3 to 3.1 ± 0.6 ng·ml-1·h-1 and from 98 ± 8 to 130 ± 6 pg/ml, respectively). Plasma arginine vasopressin increased variably and insignificantly. The cardiovascular response (heart rate, systemic arterial and ...
Assessment of the Effects of a Novel Herbal Immunomodulator Drug (IMOD) on Cytokine Profiles in Experimental Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis: a Preliminary Survey.
Five domestic dogs ( Canis familiaris) were tested in a cooperative exchange task with an experimenter, as previously tested in non-human primates. In the first task, the dogs exchanged to maximise...
Objectives. Nonischemic contractile segmental performance was characterized by the end-systolic pressure-length and pressure-thickness relations during regional ischemia induced by proximal left anterior descending and left circumflex coronary artery occlusions.. Background. The increases in shortening and thickening of the nonischemic myocardium during acute ishemia have been attributed to alterations in the regional loading conditions. However, it is uncertain to what extent ischemia affects the contractile performance of the nonischemic zone.. Methods. Twenty-seven beagle dogs were instrumented with sonomicrometers and micromanometer pressure gauges. End-systolic pressure-length and pressure-thickness relation data were obtained during vena cava balloon inflation. Control data were obtained in both left anterior descending and left circumflex regions. Then, in random order, either the left anterior descending or left circumflex coronary artery was occluded for 90 s, and hemodynamic and ...
The Non-Sporting Group of dogs is a kennel club dog breed Group designation. How Non-Sporting is defined varies among kennel clubs, and different kennel clubs may not include the same breeds in their Non-Sporting Group. Some kennel clubs do not use the Non-Sporting classification.Non-Sporting Group is not a term used by the international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, which more finely divides its breed groupings by dog type and breed history.. For the American Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club, the Non-Sporting Group is a diverse classification. Here are sturdy animals with as different personalities and appearances as the Chow Chow, and Keeshond. The breeds in the Non-Sporting Group are a varied collection in terms of size, coat, personality and overall appearance.. ...
They have all the traits and personality elements which make them excellent family and companion dogs. These little dogs are loyal, loving, affectionate, playful, happy and eager to please. They are generally obedient. They get along very well with all ages from children to seniors. Despite all this, like any other dog breed, they need to be trained and socialized so that these dogs do not develop Small Dog Syndrome where the dog behaves like a pack leader. Their social nature makes them average watchdog. They get along well with other dogs and pets in the family and are ideal for houses with more than one dog breed. They will socialize well with other dogs provided other dog is properly trained. These little hybrids make great family and lap dogs.. ...
While we never put a muzzle on her, which we were required to do by law, walking her was always a challenge. We learned to cross the street when other dogs came our way, two hands on leash. We scanned the street ahead of us for other dogs. We avoided walking past dog parks. We encouraged her to ignore other dogs, which was the best we could hope for, sitting her down, facing away from the other dog as it passed, telling her what a good girl she was as she emitted a low and threatening growl. Small dogs seemed to piss her off more than large ones, because they were barkier and often challenged her. She was once attacked by two little dogs, off-leash, that came running at her from the park. I yelled at their owners to come and collect their dogs, but they took their time. I raged: My dog is going to kill your dogs! And she would have killed them. And if she did, that the other dogs were off-leash on the road would have made no difference; Mia would have been euthanized because she was a pit bull ...
While we never put a muzzle on her, which we were required to do by law, walking her was always a challenge. We learned to cross the street when other dogs came our way, two hands on leash. We scanned the street ahead of us for other dogs. We avoided walking past dog parks. We encouraged her to ignore other dogs, which was the best we could hope for, sitting her down, facing away from the other dog as it passed, telling her what a good girl she was as she emitted a low and threatening growl. Small dogs seemed to piss her off more than large ones, because they were barkier and often challenged her. She was once attacked by two little dogs, off-leash, that came running at her from the park. I yelled at their owners to come and collect their dogs, but they took their time. I raged: My dog is going to kill your dogs! And she would have killed them. And if she did, that the other dogs were off-leash on the road would have made no difference; Mia would have been euthanized because she was a pit bull ...
Dogs may salivate more often around other dogs because they are anxious or excited. Excess salivation in dogs can be stress-related, which can often be triggered by excitement or fear in response to...
Through the time, it has been observed that the castration, it can favor the reduction of serious problems in the dogs toward the humans, it is for it that at the moment is used in company dogs, like a technique to prevent undesirable behaviors (Stone, 2000; Wells and 2000). In this study, 7 dogs of different race were used, age, size and weight with the purpose of valuing the effect of the castration have more than enough non desirable behaviors in mature dogs with proprietor. The surgeries were carried out during one month, in a clinic of the city of Mexico. A questionnaire was applied before the surgery: Does it leave to the street their dog?: alone, with somebody, c/s belt. Does their dog behave aggressively with other dogs?: no, sometimes, very frequent; Is their dog alone or does he cohabit with other dogs?: is it alone, do I have more dogs; How does their dog behave when you see a female?: does he smell it, does he bark, does it mount it, does it attack her, doesnt he take it into ...
If you use this products in your scientific publication, it should be cited in the publication as: Creative Bioarray cat no. If your paper has been published, please click here to submit the Pub Med ID of your paper to get a coupon. ...
While your dog may be wonderful at home with you and your family and even other home pets, this is certainly no guarantee that your pet will be a good fit for the dog park. Many dogs do not mean to be aggressive, but become fearful of other dogs and can display aggression as a result. The first step is to ensure that your pet is friendly with other dogs and people, and does not display fear or aggression toward other dogs in unfamiliar environments.. Before visiting the dog park with your dog, give him a chance to spend time around other dogs in different situations so that you have a good idea of how he will react. If your dog is not friendly with others, get help to change his behavior before you consider visiting the dog park. Also, be sure that your pet will come to you when called for, no matter how distracted, so that you are always in control of the situation. Here are a few more tips:. 1. Know the risks - Dog parks serve as reservoirs for many viruses and parasites since dog owners do ...
While your dog may be wonderful at home with you and your family and even other home pets, this is certainly no guarantee that your pet will be a good fit for the dog park. Many dogs do not mean to be aggressive, but become fearful of other dogs and can display aggression as a result. The first step is to ensure that your pet is friendly with other dogs and people, and does not display fear or aggression toward other dogs in unfamiliar environments.. Before visiting the dog park with your dog, give him a chance to spend time around other dogs in different situations so that you have a good idea of how he will react. If your dog is not friendly with others, get help to change his behavior before you consider visiting the dog park. Also, be sure that your pet will come to you when called for, no matter how distracted, so that you are always in control of the situation. Here are a few more tips:. 1. Know the risks - Dog parks serve as reservoirs for many viruses and parasites since dog owners do ...
The Na,K-ATPase, or sodium pump, is a ubiquitous plasma membrane protein in higher eukaryotes, including humans, that carries out the coupled active transport of Na+ ions out of the cell and of K+ ions into the cell, using the energy of hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate. In recent years, it has been suggested that that this protein may also be involved in various other functions, such as transducing information from the extracellular milieu to intracellular signaling pathways, much like a growth factor receptor. It has also been suggested that the sodium pump may be essential to the formation and function of junctional complexes in epithelial cells, and, most recently, it has been shown to play a role in epithelial cell motility. Maloney sarcoma virus-transformed Madin Darby canine kidney cells have depressed Na,K-ATPase β subunit abundance and enhanced motility as compared with untransformed cells. Repletion of Na,K-ATPase β subunits in the transformed cells results in suppression of ...
counterbalancing to a partner who has balance issues due to a disability. Many brace/mobility support dogs also retrieve, open/close doors, or do other tasks to assist in day-to- day life or in an emergency. Dogs may also assist their partner by retrieving dropped objects, opening doors, retrieving the phone, helping with transfers, or doing anything else their partner may need.. Diabetic Alert: These dogs can alert their handler to dangerous or potentially deadly blood sugar highs and lows. Many dogs are trained to call 911 on a special K-9 Alert phone if their partner cannot be roused.. Hearing Assistance: Hearing assistance dogs can alert their deaf handler to environmental sounds, including, but not limited to, alarms, doorbells, knocking, phones, cars, or their name.. Medical Alert: These dogs are trained to alert their handler to dangerous physiologic changes. such as spikes or drops in blood pressure, hormone levels or some other parameter or to recognized an identifiable ...
Canis familiaris deinhibitor protein: controls dephosphorylation of inhibitor-1; may play key role in regulation of protein phosphatase activity
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Now that summer is past, it may be time for that annual rite of autumn: getting a flu shot.. Except this time were not talking about you. Its for Fido.. Dogs are susceptible to canine flu, a contagious respiratory disease.. In a handful of cases an untreated dog can contract bacterial pneumonia and even die, just as humans can with their strains of flu.. Canine flu outbreaks can happen any time, but are more prevalent in the cooler months, says Dr. Jeffrey Steen of Alameda East Veterinary Hospital in Denver.. Thats because in cooler weather dogs are often in closer proximity indoors. Kennels, for example, are bursting at the seams during the holiday season.. One good bit of news, Steen says, is that humans dont get canine flu. Another is that theres a vaccine thats effective and relatively inexpensive.. The bad news? Colorado is one of five states where canine flu is endemic, Steen says. That means that its always in the background year-round.. Steen says he doesnt know why thats ...
There is accumulating evidence, both in extracranial10 11 19 20 and in intracranial9 21 arteries, that TBA results in sustained arterial dilatation through a mechanism of smooth muscle cell injury and paralysis. This is consistent with other evidence that vasospasm represents active smooth muscle cell contraction22 and that it can be acutely reversed in the presence of vasodilators such as papaverine.23 24 The results of our study suggest that in vivo balloon angioplasty performed immediately before the induction of vasospasm prevents vasoconstriction after SAH and produces a functional impairment in vascular reactivity that is sustained for at least 7 days. These results are consistent with our previous report on the effects of immediate in vitro TBA9 and those of others investigating in vivo TBA performed after SAH.10 11 21 High millimolar concentration of KCl produces smooth muscle cell contraction through electromechanical coupling mechanisms with depolarization of the sarcolemma,25 whereas ...
Experimental evidence on endomyocardial NOS3 expression and activity in heart failure provides support for the idea that intensity of NOS3 gene expression varies with the severity of LV dysfunction. In a pacing-induced heart failure dog model, NOS3 activity increased after 2 weeks of pacing, as evident from enhanced endothelium-dependent relaxation of isolated coronary artery rings.16 This increase in NOS3 activity could have resulted from higher coronary blood flow because of increased myocardial metabolic demand17 or from higher mechanical stress because of LV cavity dilatation.10 In the same pacing-induced heart failure dog model, cardiac NO production was reduced after 4 weeks of pacing, and this reduction was accompanied by a switch in myocardial substrate use, a rise in LV end-diastolic pressure, and a fall in LV stroke work.18 Clinical studies reporting on myocardial NOS3 gene expression and activity in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy used right ventricular tissue obtained by ...
Question is which country has had so many breed club hijackings to introduce the crossbreed into the Kennel Club?. 5 - The breeding ban from the Minister comes at March 2019 for short muzzle dogs for all breeds with a CFR , 0.3. All breeds with CFR , 0.5 may continue for a while, however, they are the next ones to get a breeding ban. The Board of the Dutch Kennel Cub reacts as if they dont know anything about it. They even state this in Raadar, the kennel club magazine. They ignored 2 invitations to come and talk about the enforcement criteria during the set up, but the minister and apparently also the faculty of veterinary medicine were convinced sacrificing 12 breeds with CFR , 0,3 to ban breeding instead of 3 which the minister originally had in mind. The only way out is crossbreeding a dog with CFR ,0,3 with a dog with CFR ,0,3, So crossbreeding again!. 6 - Under great pressure from the short muzzle breed Clubs, an alternative plan for this breeding ban is being organised. The breeding ...
My Dog Doesnt Let Other Dogs Sniff Their Butt. Humans have different customs and personal preferences when it comes to interacting with others. Dogs are also individuals and will have...
The purpose for this blog is to help you effectively deal with dog urine problems. I am guessing you already have a problem or you would not be here. Many people, not all but many are looking for a one step quick and easy method to remove and eliminate the damage caused by dog urine. Dog urine in carpets or rugs. Dog
I recently went for a walk through my neighborhood with Stanley. We crested a hill and had started down when I heard someone yell a name sharply. I immediately started looking for where the threat would be coming from hoping to evade whatever would be coming at us. A man was in his front yard with a dog a few hundred feet ahead and to the the right of us. The man did not have his dog on leash and it was running for us Stanley and I. I had nothing with which to protect Stanley and myself with and attempted blocking the oncoming dog by stepping in front of Stanley. This did not work. The other dog darted around me and I realized I wouldnt be able to continue shielding Stanley with my body before the owner of the other dog would get to us. I literally had a split second to make a decision andI let go of Stanleys leash and yelled for him to go. Stanley ran, not a hard decision since the other dog was now jumping at his throat. Stanley was able to keep ahead of the other dog but was slowed down by ...
I have a 4yr old miniature poodle acting normal but has had diarrhea for 2 day. buy this morning it was diarrhea and - Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian
Photograph of Apricot miniature Poodle pup, Ruebin, 8 weeks old, with Guinea pig. Rights managed white background Pets image. Warren Photographic WP28291
3.4. Efficacy studies of UBITh® LHRH immunogens in eight dogs in Groups 2 at week 20 Intact control dogs (Group 3) and surgically castrated dogs (Group 4) didnot have detectable anti-LHRH activity. All animals in the Intact young adult mongrel and pure-bred male dogs were placebo control Group 3 had detectable testosterone levels immunized with 400 ␮g of UBITh® LHRH immunogen Mix throughout the study period while the surgically castrated #1 adsorbed on Alhydrogel at 0, 3, 6 weeks (Group 1) or dogs of Group 4 had castrate levels as expected (data not formulated in Emulsigen containing DDA at 0, 3, 6 weeks (Group 2). Placebo control intact dogs were immunized with At week 20, the animals were sacrificed and their rel- either Alhydrogel alone or Emulsigen/DDA delivery system evant reproductive organs (i.e. testes and prostate glands) alone (Group 3). Castrated control dogs did not receive any were dissected and weighed. The mean organ weights of vaccines (Group 4). Blood samples were collected ...
The Maturity involves the same dogs that compete in the Futurity, after they have had a year to grow up. It gives the breeders a chance to further prove that their breeding programs produce sound, adult Italian Greyhounds. The Italian Greyhound Club of America National Maturity will be held in conjunction with the designated Italian Greyhound Club of America national specialty.. WHERE NOT SPECIFICALLY ADDRESSED IN THESE RULES, RULES APPLYING TO AKC EVENTS WILL APPLY.. A PURPOSE. 1. To encourage and provide incentive and opportunity to owners of those Italian Greyhounds who have been kept eligible to compete in a given years national show Futurity to meet and compete once again one year later on an elite, prestigious National level as mature specimens of the Italian Greyhound breed.. 2. To encourage and provide incentive to breeders to give prime consideration to improving the Italian Greyhound by planning their breeding programs to conform to the Italian Greyhound standard and its ...
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Block Their View Of The Other Dog- If your dog cannot see the other dog, they are likely to calm down. If it is not possible to move your dog completely out of sight, simply stand in front of your dogs face to block their view. This may also calm them as they realise there is no need to become aggressive ...
Cocker spaniel ingles y americano. Vacunas microchip desparasitacion interna. La variedad de cocker spaniel inglés suelen ser de los colores rojo moreno negro y café sin embargo es muy extraño encontrarse a un cocker spaniel americano de pelaje rojo. La altura media del cocker spaniel inglés es un poco mayor que la del cocker spaniel americano también el peso. Se entregan a partir de dos meses y medio con sus tratamientos sanitarios correspondientes. Enviamos a toda la peninsula. Puede visitarnos en valencia centro av. American cocker spaniel es un descendiente directo del cocker spaniel inglés el cual fue llevado a los estados unidos en el siglo xix. Cocker spaniel americano y cocker spaniel inglés son dos razas de cocker spaniel que tienen orígenes similares. Aunque muy similares entre sí la variedad inglesa y la americana mantienen estándares diferenciados. Y el inglés como el cocker spaniel inglés. 1 161 likes 275 talking about this. Para saber qué razas de cocker hay haremos ...
Cocker Spaniels are dogs belonging to two breeds of the spaniel dog type: the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel, both of which are commonly called simply Cocker Spaniel in their countries of origin. In the early 20th century, Cocker Spaniels also included small hunting Spaniels. Cocker Spaniels were originally bred as hunting dogs in the United Kingdom, with the term cocker deriving from their use to hunt the Eurasian woodcock. When the breed was brought to the United States, it was bred to a different standard, which enabled it to specialize in hunting the American woodcock. Further physical changes were bred into the cocker in the United States during the early part of the 20th century. Spaniels were first mentioned in the 14th century by Gaston III of Foix-Béarn in his work the Livre de Chasse. The cocking or cocker spaniel was a type of field or land spaniel in the 19th century. Prior to 1901, Cocker Spaniels were only separated from Field Spaniels and Springer ...
West Highland white terrier dog breed information including pictures, training, behavior, and care of West Highland white terrier .
Black cocker spaniel green eyes. Dogs with green eyes. Glaucoma deals with the fluid in a dog s eye. She has the most amazing laid back temperament and is a lovely mom. Cocker spaniel labrador retriever male adoption madisonville tn. Glaucoma causes an increase in the intraocular pressure. Golden cocker retriever puppy for sale adoption rescue. Cocker spaniels are excellent dogs for people who live in apartments but don t necessarily want a handbag size dog they are lively and playful very people orientated and great around children. Cocker spaniel blue eyes puppies dogs for sale or adoption in your area. 2 girls left from a litter of 7 fully health tested show type cocker spaniel puppies ready on the 16 11 17. I bred her with a black cocker she had all beautiful puppies 35 with all black noses and black eyes and black eye rims and two chocolate puppies with black noses and blackeye eye rims and then she had a black and white and tan puppy with black nose and a blackeye rims. Unfortunately ...
Canine idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (CIPF) is a progressive interstitial lung disease mainly affecting old West Highland white terriers (WHWTs). The aetiology of CIPF is currently unknown and pathogenesis poorly understood. A genetic basis is strongly suspected based on the breed predisposition. CIPF shares clinical and pathological features with human IPF. In human IPF, coagulation disorders favouring a local and systemic pro-thrombotic state have been demonstrated in association with disease severity and outcome. The aim of this study was to compare the systemic haemostatic, fibrinolytic and inflammatory profiles of WHWTs affected with CIPF with breed-matched controls (CTRLs). Additionally, data collected in both groups were interpreted with regard to the reference intervals (when available) to assess possible pro-thrombotic features of the WHWT breed that may be related to CIPF predisposition. A total of 14 WHWTs affected with CIPF and 20 CTRLs were included. WHWTs affected with CIPF had prolonged
Reduction of the cholesterol level in membranes of epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells reverses the apical-to-basolateral transport ratio of the apical membrane marker protein influenza virus haemagglutinin and the secreted glycoprotein gp80. At the same time, basolateral transport of the vesicular stomatitis virus G protein is unaffected [Keller and Simons (1998) J. Cell Biol. 140, 1357-1367]. To investigate whether cholesterol depletion influences apical sorting mechanisms specifically, or apical transport capacity more generally, we studied the effect of cholesterol depletion on the secretion of three different classes of molecules from the apical and basolateral surfaces of MDCK cell layers: glycoprotein gp80, sulphated proteoglycans and proteins, and non-glycosylated rat growth hormone. In each case, cholesterol depletion reduced the fraction secreted to the apical medium and increased the fraction secreted basolaterally. The fact that this was observed for all sulphated ...
Everything you want to know about West Highland White Terriers, including grooming, training, health issues, history, adoption, finding a good breeder and more.
Pienso especial para West Highland White Terrier Westie, bajo en grasas, con pollo, mayor cantidad de prebióticos para favorecer las digestiones armoniosas y minerales para dientes blancos.
Discover the facts you should know about the West Highland White Terrier before bringing one home. They are upbeat, cheerful and make a perfect family pet.
Everything you need to know about West Highland White Terriers, including how to look after them, whether they bark and how good Westies are with children.
The next time youre considering a product for your golden retriever, check out some of the most popular ones here.. And if youre considering a golden retriever, come back to this to see where to find a breeder, what to name your pup, and how you should go about training them.. Now heres a HUGE THANK YOU to everyone who participated in this survey.. This info will help out a lot of current and future golden retriever owners (its already helped me decide on some new toys and treats to try for Oliver) and it wouldnt be possible without you.. And now for the 2022 Golden Retriever Owners Report…. What questions should we ask in next years survey?. Let us know down in the comments!. And if you liked this article, then youll love these 63 golden retriever facts you (probably) didnt know.. P.S. Getting a golden retriever puppy? Check out the Golden Retriever Puppy Handbook!. Related articles:. ...
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is active indoors so they can do well in an apartment as well as a house. They are highly intelligent, short dogs that make great watch dogs. They are cattle herders so they may tend to try to herd children, adults and other dogs. They can be aggressive with other dogs, especially male on male. They like children but do not like to be teased. As a reminder, never leave a child unsupervised with a puppy or dog.. *Approximate Adult Size. The approximate adult size (two years old or older) of the male Pembroke Welsh Corgi is 10 to 12 inches to the withers (highest point of the shoulder) and 25 to 30 pounds. The female ranges from 10 to 12 inches to the withers and 24 to 28 pounds.. *Special Health Considerations. Most dog breeds have certain inherited health problems associated with that specific breed and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is no exception. Be on the look out for back problems, epilepsy, hereditary eye disease and obesity. This disease list is an informative ...
Is the Cocker Spaniel the right dog for you? Get in depth information about the breed and find your local reputable Cocker Spaniel breeder or rescue organization.|p|The smallest dog in the Sporting Group, the Cocker Spaniel (or American Cocker Spaniel as it is sometimes called) has an efficient and serviceable-looking body, with straight forequarters and a spine that slopes gently to powerful, moderately bent hindquarters, and a docked tail.
If you have a female Golden Retriever, then you need to know the signs that she is in heat. Golden Retriever in heat? Income School LLC also participates in affiliate programs with Bluehost, Clickbank, CJ, ShareASale, and other sites. Finally, the permanent option is to get your female spayed. My dog is about a year old and has a very good temperament. Some smaller dogs may go that often, but Golden Retrievers do not. Again, it depends on the dog and its breed. Again these are our suggestions and it is best that you consult a vet to determine the best age to neuter a Golden Retriever. Generally, your female Golden Retriever will be between 10 to 14 months old before she has her first heat. One thing that you can do to both protect your house and your dog is put her in a doggy diaper. Experts think that this is your dogs efforts to keep herself clean. There is so much to learn when it comes to your Golden Retriever. The changes are different for male and female puppies. I am Brian ...
My daughter, Lauren, and I have raised only Golden Retrievers since 1984 in our homes. Discover (and save!) îmi folosește datele personale în conformitate cu Declarația de confidențialitate și Politica privind modulele cookie și alte tehnologii similare.S.C. Fernfall Love Affair Kimba Dobro Gold … your own Pins on Pinterest As with other drop-eared breeds, check your Goldens ears for infection regularly. Golden Retriever Growth Chart. His theory of Russian heritage died hard. Discover (and save!) Our golden retriever puppies are known for their for sound temperament, robust health and longevity. I have applied several of Cesar Millans training techniques to Portia. The Golden Retriever. Their beautiful coats range from lightest cream to the richest gold. IMPORTED, EUROPEAN ENGLISH CREAM GOLDEN RETRIEVERS. środków komunikacji elektronicznej oraz telekomunikacyjnych urządzeń końcowych w celu przesyłania mi informacji handlowych oraz prowadzenia marketingu (np. Golden Retrievers ...
Compare Toy Fox Terrier vs Portuguese Water Dog | Differences between Toy Fox Terrier and Portuguese Water Dog on
search-close. Standard Poodle Puppies Shrewsbury, Shropshire, West Midlands . All Heart Song Standard Poodle puppies are AKC registered and come from health tested parents. Poodle puppies for sale nsw . Share. Sort by . Find a poodle in Lancashire on Gumtree, the #1 site for Dogs & Puppies for Sale classifieds ads in the UK. Report. We have a lovely litter of miniature poodles. Excellent lines (TORBEC, LITILANN, PALMARES, SHANGRI-LA, MAJESTIC) with champion backgrounds for the larger Standard Poodles and imported European bloodlines for the moyen caniche or klein pudels. Dont miss whats happening in your neighborhood. Find a poodle in Scotland on Gumtree, the #1 site for Dogs & Puppies for Sale classifieds ads in the UK. VAT No. Mini schnauzer father and mini poodle mother have . Check it out! Member since Dec 2020 n/a n/a. Standard Poodle Puppies For Sale Lancashire - Duck DNS. As one of the reputable Standard Poodle dog breeders with puppies for sale we also offer a health guarantee. Zuto ...
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a popular dog breed in the UK but there is limited reliable evidence on disorder predispositions and protections within the breed. Using anonymised veterinary clinical data from the VetCompass™ Programme, this study aimed to identify common disorders with predisposition and protection in the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. The study hypothesised that Staffordshire Bull Terriers would have higher odds of aggression compared with non-Staffordshire Bull Terriers. The clinical records of a random sample of dogs of all types were reviewed to extract the most definitive diagnoses for all disorders existing during 2016. A combined list from the 30 most common disorders in Staffordshire Bull Terriers and the 30 most common disorders in non-Staffordshire Bull Terriers was generated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to report the odds of each of these disorders in 1304 (5.8%) Staffordshire Bull Terriers compared with 21,029 (94.2%) non-Staffordshire Bull Terriers. After
Breeder & Handler of AKC Champion Shih Tzu & Yorkie specializing in exhibiting/ breeding healthy quality puppies. Located Port Saint Lucie, Florida Passionate about our dogs who are family members first with outstanding looks and temperament. All puppies are raised in our home. As a member of the Golden Gate Shih Tzu Fanciers (GGSTF)American Shih Tzu Club(ASTC) (YTCA)Yorkshire Terrier Club of America,(YTCNC) Yorkshire Terrier Club of Northern Ca we abide by the Code of Ethics to not only protect but preserve our Breeds .Shih Tzu & Yorkshire Terriers have long been treasured gifts and special companions. Having lived and known these breeds all these years has been our passion. These Toy Breeds are not only beautiful but elegant,independent,smart, active, healthy and long lived. We offer Yorkie and Shih Tzu breed information, referrals, puppies and young retired adults to selected homes. . Want to know more or just need help in locating the right puppy for and your family. Contact:[email protected] ...
Although these are the three types of poodles, some poodle breeders will claim to breed what is known as a Tiny Toy or Teacup poodle. Essentially this is a poodle that has been bred so small it is less than 4 pounds when fully grown. Although it may sound cute to own a pocket dog, take into consideration how fragile and unhealthy these dogs would be. Avoid purchasing any type of poodle that is not recognized by kennel clubs.. Know the breed standard Even if you dont plan on showing your poodle, it is imperative that you know what the dogs appearance, temperament, and life expectancy is. Research as much as you can about the poodle by reading books, articles, magazines, websites, and first hand experiences of poodle owners. You need to know what to look for in a poodle, as well as both the good and bad side when it comes to owning one.. Once you have fully researched the dog, you can then make a list of questions you can ask poodle breeders. You will also be able to compare the sire and dam ...
A few months ago, the United Kennel Club added nine breeds, to its registry, bringing its total to 160. Last month, the American Kennel Club announced the addition of the American Kennel Club announced the addition of the American Eskimo to its miscellaneous group, the first step towards official recognition as an AKC breed. The new UKC breeds are Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen, Canaan Dog, English Toy Spaniel, Finnish Spitz, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Manchester Terrier, Polish Owczarek Nizinny, Tibetan Spaniel and Shiba, all but the Nizziny are recognized by the AKC, some of them for many years, and AKCs newest, the American Eskimo, has been a UKC breed for a long time. Both registries seem to be in race to add new breeds to their lists, a race that some critics say is an effort to increase the treasuries of both organizations. This rush, along with the apparent whimsical assignment of breed status in some cases, an increase in breed-specific laws in the last few years, and the call by animal ...
Please judge the Shih Tzu by the standard, and not the group it is placed in. Frequently, judges ask me if Shih Tzu are getting too big. I always ask what they mean by big? Shih Tzu are frequently tall and leggy (a fault) BUT many, many of them have little or no body and are too fine boned. Breeders and judges should remember that most everywhere else in the world the Shih Tzu in NOT in the Toy Group. The Shih Tzu has not been bred down from some other combination of breeds. The Shih Tzu should be the third heaviest breed in the toy group, right behind the Pug, and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Many years ago, we always talked about the Shih Tzu being surprisingly heavy for its size. The standard says the ideal weight for a Shih Tzu should be 9 to 16 lbs. The majority of dogs being shown today are between 8 and 11 pounds. My answer to those asking are they are not getting too big is NO. Most old time breeders would like to see Shih Tzu, regardless of sex, in the 12 to 15 pound range. In ...
Golden Retrievers are very active and energetic dogs, especially when younger. They need to be stimulated mentally and physically. They require regular exercise and activity, or they may become bored and destructive. They LOVE to retrieve toys and will often walk around gently holding a toy in their mouth. The Golden Retriever does not require a large yard, but just enough space to play in.. This breed will require early socialization and training. Most Golden Retrievers are highly social and rarely have socialization issues. They just need to adjust to going to new places so they are not timid or afraid. Golden Retrievers need reward-based training for mental stimulation and to become well behaved dogs. They can be exuberant when young and can become hard to manage. They need to learn basic commands to help owners stay in control. They are eager to please their owners and are highly trainable. They can be easily distracted during training, but consistency will help the Golden Retriever stay on ...
Explore 4 listings for Husky collie puppies for sale at best prices. Husky Mix Puppies For Sale Author - Admin. Pups will be vaccinated and health checks will done please call for more info. Jenny - Mini Australian Shepherd Mix Puppy for Sale in Ashland, OH. The male shepherd - Siberian husky mix went by both Max and Happy. Dad is a Labrador / Shepherd. To find out more about this perfect pup, please contact Beverly today! Beautiful 10 week old Border Collie/Blue Heeler mix puppies for sale just in time for Xmas! A wide variety of classified ads Buy, rent, sell and find anything - dorkie puppies listings. Max - German Shepherd/Husky Puppy for Sale in Millersburg, OH. Where To Buy Border Collie Husky Mix Puppies. NewsNow Classifieds. Barnsley, South Yorkshire. Bauer - Australian Shepherd Mix Puppy for Sale in Ashland, OH. ... - Border Collie (7) - Bull Terrier (5) - Bulldog (23) ... We have 6 beautiful Husky puppies for sale. Lancaster Puppies advertises puppies for sale in PA, as well as Ohio, ...
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier AKA Staffie, Staffy, Staff, or SBT is one of the most popular dog breeds in the UK and is renowned for his love of people especially children. Anonymous. ... although a 10 years old Great Dane would be 66 years old in human age. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the Pit Bull have similar body types. Appearance. According to UK breed survey, an average lifespan of Staffordshire Bull Terrier Dog is 12-14 years with some living 2 years more that what is expected. Dont worry about age, the vet will ensure that your Staffordshire Bull Terrier isnt too young to be spayed or neutered. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 11-12 years. The American Staffordshire Terrier is usually between 17 and 19 inches tall at the shoulder, depending on its sex. My staff bull terrier is eleven years old and i love her to bits she can not jump on to things and keeps limping on her right back leg i have had her at the vet but the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Transmural high energy phosphate distribution and response to alterations in workload in the normal canine myocardium as studied with spatially localized 31P NMR spectroscopy. AU - Robitaille, P. ‐M. AU - Merkle, H.. AU - Lew, B.. AU - Path, G.. AU - Hendrich, K.. AU - Lindstrom, P.. AU - From, A. H.L.. AU - Garwood, Michael. AU - Bache, R. J.. AU - Ugurbil, Kamil. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1990/10. Y1 - 1990/10. N2 - Spatially localized phosphorus‐31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) spectroscopy has been applied to the study of the normal canine myocardium to measure the relative content of high energy phosphates across the left ventricular wall. Transmural NMR data were acquired in five voxels spanning the wall of the left ventricle using the FLAX‐ISIS technique. The validity of the FLAX‐ISIS approach in acquiring localized spectra for transmural studies and in providing quantitative information from the localized ...
Fifteen adult mongrel dogs underwent two-stage occlusion of the mid- or distal left anterior descending coronary artery and then a reperfusion stage. The dogs were studied 3-30 days later to determine strength-interval relations in a canine model of chronic myocardial infarction. These dogs were susceptible to the initiation of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias with the introduction of one, two or three ventricular extrastimuli. Using unipolar cathodal stimuli with a pulse width of 2 msec, strength-interval curves were constructed from measurements made at multiple sites in the distribution of occluded and nonoccluded vessels during drive pacing at a cycle length of 300 msec. At 56 normal sites, ventricular refractory periods measured at twice-diastolic-excitability threshold approximated the relative refractory periods (mean absolute difference 3 msec), but were variably longer than effective refractory periods (mean difference 18 msec, range 4-29 msec). At 51 infarct sites, differences ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Forced expiration and HeO2 response in canine peripheral airway obstruction. AU - Jadue, C.. AU - Greville, H.. AU - Coalson, J. J.. AU - Mink, S. N.. PY - 1985. Y1 - 1985. N2 - We examined the effect of peripheral airway obstruction on parameters of maximum expiratory flow (Vmax) in a canine model of bronchiolitis obliterans (B). B was produced by the repeated intrabronchial instillations of a 1% nitric acid solution in seven dogs (group B). In seven control dogs (group C), a normal saline solution was used. During forced vital capacity deflation, Vmax on air, the relative increase in Vmax on 80% He-20% O2 (ΔVmax), and airway sites of flow limitation choke points (CP) were determined at multiple lung volumes (VL). The findings were interpreted in terms of the wave-speed theory of flow limitation. Wave-speed parameters were identified with a pressure-measuring device positioned in the airway. Compared with the findings for group C, Vmax decreased substantially at the lower VL ...
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Dogs that have clinical signs or a presumptive diagnosis of DM have tested as genetically affected. A relatively high percentage of dogs in several breeds (including Boxers, Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Chesapeake Bay Retrievers and Rhodesian Ridgebacks) have the predisposing mutation. It is important to note that there are a large number of dogs that have tested as genetically affected, but are reported as clinically normal by their owners. It may be that many of these dogs will develop clinical signs as they get older or that the mutation will never manifest in these dogs. Research is still needed to determine the frequency of the mutation in breeds known to have DM (German Shepherd Dogs, Rhodesian Ridgebacks, Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh Corgis, Boxers, Chesapeake Bay Retrievers). In the future, we may identify other risk factors in those dogs that have tested as genetically affected. Wise use of this test can reduce the incidence of dogs at risk for DM in the long-term, particularly if other low ...
A search for a quality Golden Retriever to handle in junior showmanship led Liz Bultman to breeder Rhonda Hovan. As they got acquainted by e-mails, Hovan was impressed that Bultman wanted to be sure that Hovan would not require her to neuter or spay the dog at an early age.. The possible health effects of early spaying and neutering is a topic Hovan, the research facilitator for the Golden Retriever Club of America, holds close to her heart. For years when I looked at adult dogs that Id bred, I saw marked physical differences between those sold as show prospects and those sold as pets, says Hovan, of Akron, Ohio, who has bred Golden Retrievers under the Faera prefix for more than 40 years. The dogs sold as pets were tall and lanky, with no bone and pointy muzzles. Id look at them and wonder how they got so tall.. To read the whole article download using the button above!. ...
Panosteitis is most common in large breed dogs between 6 and 18 months of age. Occasionally, middle-aged German Shepherds will have a bout of panosteitis. It affects dogs worldwide and has been recognized and studied since the 1950 s. Male dogs are much more likely to get panosteitis then females. There is a higher incidence in several breeds including German Shepherds, Great Danes, Doberman Pinschers, Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, Rottweilers, and Basset Hounds. What causes panosteitis?. The cause of panosteitis is currently unknown. There have been many theories as to the cause of this disease. Originally, it was suspected that the disease was caused by a bacterial infection. However, several investigational studies failed to isolate any bacteria. In addition, the disease responds poorly to antibiotics, further suggesting a cause other than bacterial.. Other studies showed that if bone marrow from affected dogs was injected into the bones of healthy dogs, the healthy dogs would ...
A dry delivery is when the Shih Tzu puppys protective sac breaks inside the birth canal. A dry Shih Tzu puppy delivery can either a head-first or breech (rear quarters first). A Shih Tzu puppy breech birth is a normal canine birth position; however, a dry breech delivery can be dangerous to a Shih Tzu puppy. The Shih Tzu puppy is presented entirely or partially free of a sac. If the Shih Tzu puppys legs get stuck delivery progress is impeded. The Shih Tzu puppys head may turn back blocking passage or even its body turned sideways in the birth canal. Under these circumstances the Shih Tzu dam cannot deliver without assistance. Cooking oil may be substituted in an emergency to use as a lubricant ...
Selcect your dog breed information from the list below to begin learning all about it… A-C B-G Basset Hound Beagle Bichon Frise Border Collie Boston Terrier Boxer Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chihuahua Cockapoo Dachshund Dalmatian English Bulldog Golden Retriever Great Dane H-M N-R Havanese Jack Russell Terrier Labrador Retriever Labradoodle Lhasa Apso Maltese Miniature Schnauzer ...
Although our Moyen Poodles look very similar to an F1B Mini Goldendoodle, genetically they are purebred poodles. Cookies litter is from our line of Poodles that we have been breeding for their excellent Doodle Sire characteristics for the past 15+ years. Moyen size poodles are very unusual in the US, since they fall between the common sizes that are breed here (toy, miniature and standard). The Moyen size is larger than the usual miniature poodle, but smaller than the usual standard poodle. As the poodle half of our Doodle breeding program, our Moyen Poodles have been the perfect size for raising the medium size Goldendoodle.. We expect the smallest puppies in Cookies litter of miniature size puppies to be in the 12-15 pound range as adults with the largest puppies in the litter growing to be 16-25 pounds as adults. For families who have limited space or are looking for a smaller pet, Cookies litter would be a great Doodle appearing choice. These puppies are guaranteed to have non-shedding coat ...
Association of dogs (Canis lupus familiaris, Linnaeus, 1753) and risk perception of zoonotic infection for humans., Hamida Khanum
Top Reasons Why You Should Buy a Yorkshire Terrier from a Reputable Dog Breeder You have probably heard people saying that a dog is a mans best friend because it offers a great company. All across the world, you will find that there are many breeds of dogs which may include the Chihuahua, German Shepherd dog, the bulldog, and the Yorkshire Terrier. One of the best breeds of dogs that you could get for yourself is the Yorkshire Terrier. However, you should ensure that you purchase the Yorkshire Terrier from a reputable dog breeder. In this article, you will learn more about the top reasons why you should buy a Yorkshire Terrier from a reputable dog breeder. The best reason why you should purchase your Yorkshire Terrier from a trusted dog breeder is that they will offer you high-quality puppies. The advantage of buying high-quality Yorkshire Terrier puppies is that they are going to be both in good shape and health. When you buy a high-quality Yorkshire Terrier puppy, you will benefit a lot ...
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) in dogs, the canine equivalent of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in humans, is characterised by vision loss due to degeneration of the photoreceptor cells in the retina, eventually leading to complete blindness. It affects more than 100 dog breeds, and is caused by numerous mutations. RP affects 1 in 4000 people in the Western world and 70% of causal mutations remain unknown. Canine diseases are natural models for the study of human diseases and are becoming increasingly useful for the development of therapies in humans. One variant, prcd-PRA, only accounts for a small proportion of PRA cases in the Golden Retriever (GR) breed. Using genome-wide association with 27 cases and 19 controls we identified a novel PRA locus on CFA37 (praw = 1.94×10−10, pgenome = 1.0×10−5), where a 644 kb region was homozygous within cases. A frameshift mutation was identified in a solute carrier anion exchanger gene (SLC4A3) located within this region. This variant was present in 56% of PRA
PEMF has also proven to be an effective treatment. Breeds predisposed to developing allergies include Chinese Shar-Peis, Wirehaired Fox Terriers, Golden Retrievers, Dalmatians, Boxers, Boston Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, Lhasa Apsos, Scottish Terriers, Shih Tzus, and West Highland White Terriers. German Shepherd: Hip Dysplasia. Symptoms of allergies include it chy skin, runny eyes, sneezing, vomiting, and diarrh ea. Though they are a tough and resilient breed, allergies are their main bane, causing symptoms such as itching, which leads to hair loss, skin irritation and sores. The condition is more common in older dogs and is characterized by difficulty in breathing, wheezing, a crackling sound in the lungs when breathing and extreme fatigue. Mites found on dogs are tiny parasites that cause a skin condition known as mange. The breed was used in developing other types of dogs including Wirehaired Vizslas, Weimaraners, and German Shorthaired Pointers.In an attempt to preserve the Vizsla, some ...
Risas Golden Retrievers - Spay/Neuter Pros & Cons - Risas Goldens in Kansas KS is your source for Golden Retrievers, Golden Retriever Puppies, English Golden Retrievers and much more! Holistic dog food. NuVet Plus.
Basenjis are considered an ancient dog breed of central African origins that still live and hunt with tribesmen in the African Congo. Nicknamed the barkless dog, Basenjis possess unique phylogeny, geographical origins and traits, making their genome structure of great interest. The increasing number of available canid reference genomes allows us to examine the impact the choice of reference genome makes with regard to reference genome quality and breed relatedness. Here, we report two high quality de novo Basenji genome assemblies: a female, China (CanFam_Bas), and a male, Wags. We conduct pairwise comparisons and report structural variations between assembled genomes of three dog breeds: Basenji (CanFam_Bas), Boxer (CanFam3.1) and German Shepherd Dog (GSD) (CanFam_GSD). CanFam_Bas is superior to CanFam3.1 in terms of genome contiguity and comparable overall to the high quality CanFam_GSD assembly. By aligning short read data from 58 representative dog breeds to three reference genomes, we demonstrate - (Irish_Wolfhound) The IRISH WOLFHOUND (Irish : Cú Faoil, Irish pronunciation: ) is a breed of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris), specifically a very large sighthound from IRELAND Ireland . The name originates from its purpose-wolf hunting with dogs -rather than from its appearance. Originally developed from war hounds to one used for hunting and guarding , Irish Wolfhounds can be an imposing sight due to their formidable size
The Golden Retriever is a breed that was developed out of necessity. In both Scotland and England bird hunting was a popular sport among the wealthy and something the lower classes depended on for food. It was this wild-fowling that led to a need for a dog skilled in retrieval. The original Goldens are believed to have descended from a yellow retriever purchased by the Scottish Lord Tweedmouth. This dog (named Nous) was used as a hunting dog and eventually bred to a Tweed Water Spaniel in an effort to create a smaller hunting dog. It is said that the puppies that resulted from this first breeding are the puppies that gave rise to every Golden Retriever we have today! This happened through a process of selective breeding with more Tweed Spaniels, Wavy-coated Retrievers, and Red Setters. By 1913, the Golden Retriever was officially recognized as its own breed in Great Britain and by 1925, they were registered as a breed with the AKC. It wouldnt be until the 1930s and 1940s, however, that the ...
Most people of all dogs with the characteristic porcine snout called the Bull Terrier. Meanwhile, dog handlers, will usually result in the term Pit Bull (Pit Bull). This title covers dogs with similar physical characteristics and includes, American Staffordshire Terrier (Amstaff), Bull Terrier, American Bulldog, Dogo Argentino, Canary dogs, Italian Cane Corso, animal or any mixture of them. However, not only ordinary people have little knowledge of dog breeding, but also lawyers in many countries do not bother such nuances and equate to any bull terrier dog, if one of her parents belonged to the above species. The fact that the genetic similarity of these dogs is visually difficult to determine who is who. In other words, not only here but also in other countries of dogs with a square head and powerful body called the Bull Terrier. Babe in the dog suit in the late 1980s on television did not go commercial Budweiser beer (Budweiser), in which the main role was played by Bull Terrier named ...
Is the Golden Retriever the right dog breed for you? Information on the Golden Retriever including breed size, temperament, health, pet insurance & more.
Owners are responsible for all costs associated with the annual exam, sample collection, and laboratory test results. Morris Animal Foundation will reimburse you for up to $75 of these costs per year after verification that the exam and sample collection has been completed. You may donate this compensation directly back to Morris Animal Foundation to support the Golden Retriever Lifetime Study.. If you can participate, please do so. According to the CLHP, cancer is the #1 cause of death in dogs over the age of two, and more than half of all golden retrievers die of the disease. The hope is that this study will identify the genetic, nutritional, and environmental risk factors for cancer and other diseases affecting goldens, and provide valuable information into prevention strategies, early diagnosis, and new treatments for cancer and other dog diseases. Check out the CLHP website for more information and to sign up either as an owner or veterinarian. Hopefully, this study (the largest and longest ...
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Kong Qingdong calling Hong Kongers "old dogs"[edit]. Main article: Early 2012 Hong Kong protests ... In early 2012, Kong Qingdong, a Peking University professor, publicly called Hong Kongers "old dogs" in the aftermath of a ... "Guangzhou Evergrande fined, given suspended ban for 'British dogs' sign". Retrieved 6 January 2018.. ... "dogs".[16] The tourists were dissatisfied and this eventually turned into a fight. Lee and the three tourists were arrested by ...
Teckel (BNL/FR/GER), Dackel (GER), Doxie (US), Weenie Dog (US) (S.Am.), Wiener Dog/Hotdog (US), Sausage Dog (UK/US/AUS/ZA), ... Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The dachshund (UK: /ˈdakshʊnd/[2] or US: /ˈdɑːkshʊnt/ DAHKS-huunt [3] or /ˈdɑːksənt/[4] ... English: badger dog; also known as the sausage dog or wiener dog) is a short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dog breed. ... "A dachshund is a half-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long,"[17] although they have been referred to as "two dogs long".[18] This ...
Dogs and Chickens[edit]. In the Herero culture, dogs are used by men for hunting purposes, as well as for herding. The Herero ...
The use of a dog ensures that a higher percentage of the birds shot end up on the table. A disadvantage of having dogs in the ... The use of a dog provides a number of advantages. As duck hunting often takes place in cold wet locations, the use of a dog ... It is recommended that wildfowlers always shoot with a dog, or someone with a dog, to retrieve shot birds on difficult ... Dogs[edit]. A duck hunter with two mallards and one redhead. A Labrador Retriever and duck decoys are visible in the background ...
Mostly articles on dogs, but relevant to other species. Cerebellar abiotrophy in cats[edit]. *. Barone G, Foureman P, deLahunta ... Dogs[edit]. Cerebellar abiotrophy has been seen in the Australian Kelpie, Gordon Setter, Border Collie, Labrador Retriever, ... In addition to dogs and horses, there also have been cases of cerebellar abiotrophy in Siamese and Domestic shorthair cats; in ... In dogs, cerebellar abiotrophy is also usually an autosomal recessive gene, but in a few breeds, such as the English Pointer, ...
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The Pointer, often called the English Pointer, is a medium to large-sized breed of dog, ... Fergus, Charles (2002). Gun Dog Breeds, A Guide to Spaniels, Retrievers, and Pointing Dogs. The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-58574-618-5 ... Point - The dog finds and points out the location of birds.. *Honor - The dog stops immediately or within a few steps, usually ... One of the earliest dogs to exert influence on the breed in the US was a dog imported from England in 1876 - "Sensation". He is ...
This dog-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... Anna the dog was the first survivor of pulmonary bypass surgery, considered an experimental procedure at the time. ... "Anna" dog - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ... Retrieved from "" ...
"The Behavioural Biology of Dogs". 2007. p. 179 *^ Hawks, John (2013). Significance of Neandertal and Denisovan Genomes in Human ... Dogs[edit]. In 2013, a study found that mixed breeds live on average 1.2 years longer than pure breeds.[17] ... "Canine Behavioral Genetics: Pointing Out the Phenotypes and Herding up the Genes". 2008. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.12.001 PMID ... Other characteristics, such as basal heart rate, did not show any heterosis-the dog's basal heart rate was close to the average ...
Cats and dogs[edit]. Dogs are better able to tolerate aspirin than cats are.[173] Cats metabolize aspirin slowly because they ...
... (Dog Fly Religion) reunions[edit]. Hall reunited with Dogbowl in 1995 for a tour as King Missile (Dog Fly Religion ... King Missile (Dog Fly Religion)[edit]. In 1985, writer John S. Hall began presenting his work at open mic poetry readings. ... On March 18, 2010, Hall reunited with Dogbowl as King Missile (Dog-Fly Religion) for a one-time performance at Le Poisson Rouge ... Dog Fly Religion) album, the longer, more experimental, less "jokey"[2] They. Like its predecessor, the album was produced by ...
Hypertension in cats and dogs[edit]. Hypertension in cats and dogs is diagnosed if the blood pressure is greater than 150 mm Hg ... Rats, mice, dogs and rabbits have been used extensively to study the causes of high blood pressure.[78] ... and management of systemic hypertension in dogs and cats". Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 21 (3): 542-58. doi:10.1111 ...
Dogs[edit]. An image from 1566 depicting a group of men using an assortment of weapons to try and kill a rabid dog who is ... It is this stage that is often known as furious rabies due to the tendency of the affected dog to be hyperreactive to external ... In recent years, canine rabies has been practically eliminated in North America and Europe due to extensive and often mandatory ... Rabies has a long history of association with dogs. The first written record of rabies is in the Codex of Eshnunna (ca. 1930 BC ...
Main article: Sun dogs. Sun dogs are a common type of halo, with the appearance of two subtly-colored bright spots to the left ... Sun dogs are red-colored at the side nearest the sun. Farther out the colors grade to blue or violet.[25] However, the colors ... Halos, afterglows, coronas, and sun dogs. These are from scattering, or refraction, by ice crystals and from other particles in ... It is theoretically possible to predict the forms of sun dogs as would be seen on other planets and moons. Mars might have ...
Straw Dogs[edit]. Main article: Straw Dogs (1971 film). His alienation from Warner Brothers once again left him with a limited ... Some of his films, including Major Dundee (1965), Straw Dogs (1971), The Getaway (1972), Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973), ... "Trivia for Straw Dogs". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 27, 2007.. *. "Box office/business for The Getaway". ... In the 2007 film Hot Fuzz, one of the characters is mentioned to be an extra in Straw Dogs, and a farm is owned by the ...
... which is a line of dog food as well as dog and cat hard goods. Authority is a premium dog and cat food line that PetSmart ... and Puerto Rico that is engaged in the sale of pet animal products and services such as dog grooming and dog training, cat and ... Dog products[edit]. PetSmart owns several brands that produce a variety of products including Grreat Choice (previously Award) ... Top Paw is a private label used for dog hard goods.. Cat products[edit]. PetSmart owns several brands which produce products ...
... , also called dogfooding, is a slang term used to refer to a situation in which an organization uses ... Note: Alpo is a brand of dog food. *^ "15927 - [BETA][DOGFOOD]No proxy authentication". Retrieved 2017-02 ... "Microsoft tests its own 'dog food'". Tech News on ZDNet. Archived from the original on June 21, 2008. Retrieved 2009-11-14.. ... In 2006, the editor of IEEE Software recounted that in the 1970s, television advertisements for Alpo dog food, Lorne Greene ...
Dog burials[edit]. There were 21 dog burials, 17 of which were well preserved. The graves of dogs were given the same attention ... "Archaic Rituals: Rebalancing with Dogs". Academia. Retrieved November 16, 2012.. *^ a b c Claassen, Cheryl (1996). A ... 155 The dogs within human burials were associated with women and children, as much as with men. These dogs were apparently ... The only double dog and face down human burial occurs with a female child about the age of five.[7]:5 Claassen also suggest ...
... or "dogfooding" is the practice of using one's own products or services.[1] This can be a way for an ... Note: Alpo is a brand of dog food. *^ "15927 - [BETA][DOGFOOD]No proxy authentication". Retrieved 2017-02 ... "Microsoft tests its own 'dog food'". Tech News on ZDNet. Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. Retrieved 2009-11-14.. ... In 2006, the editor of IEEE Software recounted that in the 1970s television advertisements for Alpo dog food, Lorne Greene ...
Fox, Michael W. (2007). Dog Body, Dog Mind: Exploring Canine Consciousness and Total Well-Being. Globe Pequot. p. 26. ISBN 978- ... When one dog marks over another dog's urine, this is known as "counter-marking" or "overmarking".[89][90] Male dogs urine-mark ... Coren, Stanley (5 January 2006). The Intelligence of Dogs: A Guide to the Thoughts, Emotions, and Inner Lives of Our Canine ... Horowitz, Alexandra (28 September 2010). Inside of a Dog: What Dogs See, Smell, and Know. Scribner. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-4165- ...
Domestic dogs[edit]. Main article: Dog attack. Although dogs have many of the characteristics of animals known to be man-eaters ... reportedly set dogs upon live prisoners in Nazi concentration camps with the dogs killing the victims and partially devouring ... As with dogs, predatory intent is not necessary; territorial disputes and protection of cubs can result in death by bear attack ... Predatory acts by dogs upon humans have occurred, however, and many such incidents were the result of human misconduct. During ...
This time her competition was Sea Dog. Again, however, Gyrinus was the only boat to finish, as Sea Dog experienced engine ...
1985: 'Dogs upset No. 1 Gators[edit]. The 1985 Florida Gators entered the contest on a roll: coming off an emotional win over ... Thereafter, Dooley's 'Dogs would go on to dominate the rivalry, winning fourteen of the nineteen games from 1971 to 1989.[9][10 ... Associated Press, "Belue-to-Scott Desperation Pass Saves 'Dogs from Jaws of Gators", The Albany Sunday Herald, p. 1D (November ... Michael DiRocco, "SEC Extra: Payback's for the 'Dogs", The Florida Times-Union (September 9, 2005). Retrieved August 20, 2011. ...
In dogs[edit]. Pointed dogs include pugs, chocolate, Rottweilers, tan, and rare dog colors. ... It is most recognized as the coloration of Siamese and related breeds of cat, but can be found in dogs, rabbits, rats, sheep, ...
... in dogs and cats[edit]. Although observed in humans and cats, ectopia lentis is most commonly seen in dogs. ... Labrador Retrievers and Australian Cattle Dogs are also predisposed.[11] Systemic associations in humans[edit]. In humans, a ... Lens subluxation is also seen in dogs and is characterized by a partial displacement of the lens. It can be recognized by ... Surgery is used to treat dogs with significant symptoms. Removal of the lens before it moves to the anterior chamber may ...
The dogs arrived in Praia da Luz on 31 July 2007, and were taken to apartment 5A, nearby wasteland, and the beach. Both dogs ... British sniffer dogs arrive. Keela was a crime-scene-investigation (CSI) dog trained to give her handler, Martin Grime, a " ... Eddie was an enhanced-victim-recovery dog (EVRD, or cadaver dog) who gave a "bark alert" to the scent of human cadavers, ... 00 two patrol dogs were brought to the resort and at 08:00 four search-and-rescue dogs.[75] Police officers had their leave ...
The dog of tears[edit]. The dog of tears is a dog that joins the small group of blind when they leave the quarantine. While he ... He is called the dog of tears because he became attached to the group when he licked the tears off the face of the doctor's ... is mostly loyal to the doctor's wife, he helps the whole group by protecting them all from packs of dogs who are becoming more ...
Dogs[edit]. See also: Dog intelligence. Dogs were previously listed as non-self-aware animals. Traditionally, self- ... "Dogs Show Signs of Self-Consciousness in New 'Sniff Test'". ScienceAlert.. *^ Coren, Stanley (2008). How Dogs Think. Simon and ... "Dogs have self-awareness. It was confirmed by STSR tests". Tomsk State University. Retrieved 8 July 2018.. ... But dogs and many other animals, are not (as) visually oriented.[149][150] A 2015 study claims that the "sniff test of self- ...
Dogs[edit]. In dog breeding, a foundation sire is a male progenitor of a bloodline, while the corresponding term for the female ... Less common is foundation bitch for female dogs. The first generation progeny of foundation stock of a hybrid are referred to ...
Dogs are also trained for many other activities, such as dog sports, service dogs, and working dog tasks. ... Victoria Stilwell, dog trainer, author and television presenter.. *Steve Austin dog trainer (particularly detection dogs), and ... Cesar Millan, dog trainer featured in the Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan television series. ... It may also be vocal, such as saying "bad dog". Bridges to positive reinforcement, include vocal cues, whistling, and dog ...
United States Police Canine Association.. *^ "2013 National Patrol Dog Field Trials" (PDF). United States Police Canine ... At the annual USPCA Police Dog Field Trials-the largest competition of police dogs in the United States-Lakeland police dog " ... Police canine unit[edit]. The Lakeland Police Department is recognized as having one of the best-trained canine units in the ... "National 2011 USPCA Police Dog Field Trials" (PDF). United States Police Canine Association.. ...
Cats, ferrets, fruit bats, hamsters, racoon dogs, and white-tailed deer can also spread the infection to other animals of the ... Companion animals, including pet cats, dogs, and ferrets.. *Animals in zoos and sanctuaries, including several types of big ... Recent experimental research shows that many mammals, including cats, dogs, bank voles, ferrets, fruit bats, hamsters, mink, ... Some coronaviruses, such as canine and feline coronaviruses, infect only animals and do not infect people. ...
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  • Dogs naturally suffer complex diseases, including mental disorders that are similar to those in humans. (
  • No previously recorded study in humans or dogs has addressed the factors that drive severity in OCD and CCD. (
  • Comparative genomics is a particularly attractive approach to reveal the molecular underpinnings of disease in inbred animals with the hope of gaining new insights into these diseases in dogs and humans," says Ginns. (
  • Additionally, 2013 MRI research from Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University and McLean Imaging Center at McLean Hospital showed that the structural brain abnormalities of Doberman pinschers afflicted with canine compulsive disorder (CCD) were similar to those of humans with OCD. (
  • If the canine construct is fully accepted by other OCD researchers, this spontaneously-occurring model of the condition in humans, right down to the biological pathways involved, could help point the way to novel and more effective treatments for such a debilitating condition," Dodman says. (
  • Like humans, dogs are only guests in the aquatic environment and thus prone to some preventable conditions. (
  • Humans and dogs react very differently to medications, which is why veterinarians caution dog owners against making independent decisions about how to medicate their animals. (
  • If you're at a fresh water creek (or something similar) that's clean enough for humans to drink from, just make sure your dog doesn't over-consume water, as it might cause them to start throwing up. (
  • That said, we need your help in keeping The Local Bark Park fun for everyone--dogs and humans alike! (
  • If your dog has a history of aggression toward any other dogs or humans, becomes stressed in a group of dogs, or guards things that are of high value to him (toys, sticks), he may not be the best candidate for dog park socialization. (
  • Dr John Bradshaw explained if dogs are trained to interact with humans, they can then find it difficult when they don't have that interaction during the working day. (
  • He explained: "Dogs have a very powerful link to humans. (
  • Although dogs possess hearing abilities far superior to humans', their acute sense of smell is probably the sense most utilized. (
  • As dog guardians can attest, dogs will lick or nuzzle humans or other animals who are crying or hurting , demonstrating an ability to read and understand emotions, even in different species, to empathize, and to try to help. (
  • Rare diseases in humans also show up in dogs. (
  • Comparing data between humans and dogs has the potential to significantly advance understanding of this cancer. (
  • These strong and agile dogs are outgoing and love a good romp with their humans (adults and kids alike) as well as with other pets. (
  • It is unclear whether infected dogs can transmit the virus to other animals or back to humans. (
  • Can Dogs Donate Blood Just Like Humans? (
  • Dogs have developed the strongest ability of all animals on Earth to form affectionate bonds with humans," says Dr. Frank McMillan D.V.M., director of well-being studies at Best Friends Animal Society, an organization helping adopters find loving companions . (
  • Can Dogs Help Humans Heal? (
  • May 15, 2020 · Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is a bacterial illness that can be transmitted to humans, dogs , and other animals by certain species of ticks. (
  • Dogs laugh, but they do not emit the same sound as humans when they laugh. (
  • Humans may even be able to imitate the sound to calm their own dogs. (
  • Dogs pant and let their tongues hang out of their mouth to regulate their body temperature, because they have fewer sweat glands than humans. (
  • 1) The pre-ictal phase (aura) , is a period of altered behavior in which the dog may hide, appear nervous, or seek out the owner. (
  • A Doberman pinscher flank sucking, an example of canine compulsive behavior. (
  • Among those is canine compulsive disorder (CCD), the counterpart to human obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)," says the study's first and corresponding author Nicholas Dodman, BVMS, DACVA, DACVB, professor in clinical sciences and section head and program director of animal behavior at Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University. (
  • If researchers can understand how genetic changes can lead to behavior differences-even for normal behaviors-they will have new insight into psychiatric and neurological diseases in dogs and people. (
  • Researchers ask each owner 100 questions about their dog's behavior and personality using short questionnaires on the Darwin's Dogs site. (
  • While researching his new book, Canine Confidential: An Insider's Guide to the Best Lives for Dogs and Us , due out early next year, he studied dogs at play and decoded some common canine behavior. (
  • He noted that the behavior suggests that dogs adhere to a code of morality. (
  • they are extraordinarily interesting animals too, and as a devoted student of animal behavior, if nothing else, I certainly find the rewards of living with dogs worth the cost. (
  • What truly defines the differences between breeds of dogs, what motivates dogs to be protective or helpful to us, what causes aggressive behavior by dogs toward human beings, why dogs started hanging around us in the first place-when it comes to dogs, almost nothing is what it seems. (
  • That doesn't mean a dog can't understand forbidden behavior. (
  • Pet owners teach this behavior by scolding the dog when she's done something wrong. (
  • In fact, you only have about 1.3 seconds to praise or scold your dog for its behavior to ensure a proper association. (
  • Dogs use it to share ideas and reason out human behavior. (
  • As we discussed the behavior problems she was struggling to tame, she mentioned that she was using special music CDs for dogs. (
  • How protective your dog is will determine whether dog behavior modification exercises will be needed to put the final touches on your newly improved happy dog. (
  • Fixing an already over protective dog problem requires going back historically in the relationship with your dog to understand what caused your dog's behavior problem in the first place. (
  • [7] On 14 March 2019, Dogs Trust officially unveiled plans to open a new rehoming centre in Cardiff in 2021. (
  • In 2019, Aeroflot will present the Shalaikas and the olfactory monitoring system at the Eurasia 2019 international dog show. (
  • In December 2018 , the airline became the first transportation company to win the Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering category at the Innovation Time Awards for its international prize-winning 'Aeroflot Sulimov Dogs' project. (
  • And most importantly, if your dog exhibits any of the symptoms described above after spending time in the water, seek immediate veterinary care. (
  • Every dog in our care has space to run freely, eats high quality food, gets heartworm and flea medications monthly, and regular veterinary care, including immunizations and well dog checks. (
  • By providing your dog with routine veterinary care and following the Healthy People tips , you are less likely to get sick from touching or interacting with a dog. (
  • Americans spend more than $5 billion a year on dog food and $7 billion on canine veterinary care. (
  • The benefits include assistance with veterinary care, travel benefits associated with obtaining and training a dog, and the provision, maintenance, and replacement of hardware required for the dog to perform the tasks necessary to assist such veterans. (
  • Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School are studying how the dog genome has changed as dogs evolved from wolves to beloved companions and work partners. (
  • Dogs have been selectively bred through the centuries for special purposes, notably to pursue and retrieve game, as draft animals, as guides (e.g., for the blind), and as companions. (
  • Today s designer dogs are more likely to be companions than work mates. (
  • Or, are there just a lot of dog lovers who want to soothe and calm their rowdy canine companions? (
  • Trainers love using our music in classes with fearful and reactive dogs, as it helps calm both canines and their human companions. (
  • Throughout history, farmers and ranchers have bred their dogs to be competent farming and hunting companions. (
  • The best diet for your dog is one he/she does well on-gives him/her a good, healthy coat and body condition.Overfeeding can have a significant effect on your dog's health. (
  • In some cases, like glaucoma , giving your dog Benadryl can actually worsen your dog's condition. (
  • Often, those big, adorable, puppy-dog eyes are a clever tactic to get treats, but dog's eyes say much more. (
  • I tracked them down on the Internet and contacted Lisa Spector, co-founder of Through a Dog's Ear to find out more about this classical canine music. (
  • The results inspired us to launch Through a Dog's Ear, which currently consists of a book and a music series for dogs. (
  • Through a Dog's Ear is an inexpensive sound therapy for dogs. (
  • So it's wonderful that the music of Through a Dog's Ear benefits both two-legged and four-legged family members -- calming both canine and human nervous systems. (
  • She wrote: "I opened my first school in January 2012 and have Through a Dog's Ear playing during all of my classes, not just Cranky Canine classes for reactive dogs. (
  • If your dog's diet needs a nutritional boost, consider adding a multivitamin made just for dogs. (
  • Return the dog and receive a refund plus reimbursement for veterinary expenses related to certifying the dog's illness, up to the price of the dog including sales tax. (
  • Still, it is sobering that the No. 1 behavioral problem that drives dog owners to seek professional help is aggression. (
  • And canine aggression is most often directed at children. (
  • When your dog is allowed to run the fence line in the back yard, the gate across the driveway or the bay window in the front living room barking at dogs and people, he is able to rehearse territorial aggression. (
  • One of the side effects of Benadryl is drowsiness, which helps to calm anxious dogs. (
  • A few simple tips will help keep your dog calm and comfortable when faced with the nail clippers. (
  • Though they have plenty of energy as pups, these dogs have no problem putting up with pesky kids tugging at their ears and tail, and they'll grow to become calm and loyal adults. (
  • I began to wonder if the psychoacoustic principles I learned from Joshua would also benefit dogs, so I approached him with the idea of collaborating on creating music recordings to calm canines and relieve anxiety issues. (
  • And the dog pulls him away from conflicts and jumps on him during anxiety attacks to calm him down. (
  • Idk what to do to calm her and to understand that those dogs are coming to check her out and sniff her not attack. (
  • All dogs are vulnerable to temperature extremes-especially short-haired breeds, puppies and older dogs, and those that are sick or fragile. (
  • In extreme cold, it's best to keep dogs inside, particularly if they're puppies, and older dogs, or have health issues. (
  • Dogs Trust also manages microchipping and neutering schemes in the United Kingdom and abroad, in order to reduce the number of unwanted litters of puppies and stray dogs. (
  • Although dogs can be beneficial to the health and wellbeing of their owners, people should be aware that dogs of any age, including puppies, can sometimes carry harmful germs that can make people sick. (
  • Dogs and puppies infected with Campylobacter might show no signs of infection or they can have diarrhea. (
  • Since fleas feed on an animals blood, severe infestations may cause flea bite anemia, especially in in puppies, and in very small or weak dogs. (
  • Because puppies and even some older dogs might chew on the collar another dog or cat is wearing, flea and tick collars should not be used if you have more than one dog, or if you have both dogs and cats. (
  • Dogs for the Disabled selects puppies at around 6 weeks of age. (
  • But perhaps your dog is still a puppy , you're still training basic obedience, or you want to get a feel for things before investing in lessons. (
  • Please remember that if the diarrhea does not subside in a day or two-if your dog is a young puppy or if your dog is lethargic-call your veterinarian. (
  • From pet photographer Amanda Jones comes a coffee table book featuring pairs of photographs of dogs, one taken as a puppy and again as an older dog. (
  • For some people, the term conjures images of little dogs traveling in their little designer totes, which are perched on the shoulders of their high-fashion, globe trotting "puppy-mammas. (
  • Who can resist puppy-dog eyes? (
  • About that time, I was also a volunteer puppy raiser for Guide Dogs for the Blind and I was raising a very high-energy puppy. (
  • They had the AKC Complete Dog Book, A Celebration of Rare Breeds by Cathy Flamholtz, Your Purebred Puppy by Michelle Lowell and The Perfect Match by Chris Walkowicz, and breed books about Great Danes, St. Bernards, Newfoundlands, and Malamutes. (
  • In combination with medications, Hernandez says the dog has helped his symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. (
  • These sweet pups top our list for the best family dogs because they're highly trainable and are a long-standing family favorite. (
  • She asked the dog owners participating in the trials to command their pups not to partake of a tasty treat, then leave the room. (
  • We had two way smaller boy pups that she played with but that's the only other dogs she was around in that time. (
  • A breeder who breeds their dog more often than she should be will end up causing her to have pups more inclined to have nasty little tempers. (
  • The reason for this is that a mother dog should only have pups like once a year (i think don't quote me on this, you should ask a vet for specific details) but anyways if the female is bred too soon after her last set of pups, her body will be unable to produce the amount of necessary nutrients for these next pups. (
  • This often will cause the pups to have deficiencies and if done too many times (3rd and 4th litters) can turn out to be moodier dogs. (
  • However, that doesn't mean you should assume you can toss any dog into a pool without a life jacket, thinking natural instincts will take over-it turns out not all dogs swim easily, and there are a number of things you have to consider before lounging with your pooch by the pool, choreographing a summer photo op at the beach, or romping in the river. (
  • Sure, you can still socialize with all of your new dog people friends, but remember to keep one eye on your pooch at all times! (
  • Learn about dog adoption, pet health, the best foods for your canine, and even products to keep your pooch stylish! (
  • If your dog is always in your lap, leaning against you or following you room to room, it's clear your pooch is attached to you. (
  • It's not unusual for dogs to delight in positive attention from virtually anyone, but just because your pooch loves on everyone, doesn't mean he doesn't love you most. (
  • OCD is often characterized by distressing thoughts and time-consuming, repetitive behaviors, while canine compulsions may include repetitive tail chasing, excessive grooming and flank and blanket sucking. (
  • Researchers will study saliva samples from many dogs to look for differences in DNA connected to particular personality traits or behaviors. (
  • In this study we provide behavioral evidence that exogenous OT promotes positive social behaviors in the domestic dog toward not only conspecifics but also human partners. (
  • Specifically, when sprayed with OT, dogs showed higher social orientation and affiliation toward their owners and higher affiliation and approach behaviors toward dog partners than when sprayed with placebo. (
  • Additionally, the exchange of socio-positive behaviors with dog partners triggered the release of endogenous OT, highlighting the involvement of OT in the development of social relationships in the domestic dog. (
  • Naturediet menus are complete, natural, ready to serve, moist meals containing all the essential vitamins and minerals a dog needs. (
  • Canine multivitamins can promote better health by improving levels of essential vitamins and minerals in your canine companion's diet. (
  • Dogs nip while they play, chase, slam each other with their shoulders and hips, lie on top of each other, mount each other, and "fence" with their teeth. (
  • Here´s steps to guide you on how to brush your dog´s teeth. (
  • The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g., long muzzle, large canine teeth, and long tail, as canine traits. (
  • But a 13-pound shelter dog with heart problems and bad teeth changed her life forever. (
  • These Big Dog Owners Accepted the Challenge. (
  • [2] It focuses on the rehabilitation and rehoming of dogs which have been either abandoned or given up by their owners through rehoming services. (
  • Of course, most of these loving dogs were callously dropped on roadsides and left to fend for themselves, by owners who simply discarded them like trash. (
  • That's where citizen scientists/dog owners come in. (
  • Owners will also mail a saliva sample from their dog using a kit that the researchers provide. (
  • Because some of these signs progress fairly slowly, dog owners may unconsciously adapt to the changes in their pets and fail to recognize them as problems. (
  • Dogs can have many positive effects on the lives of their owners. (
  • The risk of getting brucellosis from a dog is low for most pet owners. (
  • It reminds drivers that assistance dogs should be carried with their owners in all private hire vehicles, at no extra charge. (
  • A warning to owners of both dogs and cats - Some brands of topical flea control contain a chemical called permethrin. (
  • A quarter of Britain's dogs are suffering from depression because of the stress of being left alone while their owners are at work, a new study has found. (
  • Those owners whose dogs are suffering from depression are encouraged to slowly build up the amount of time they spend away from them. (
  • The smart and friendly breed is eager to learn and thrives with training from their owners, getting along with nearly everyone they meet-other dogs included. (
  • We ask all dog owners and their dogs to be respectful of other park users and neighbors. (
  • Some landlords prefer to rent to dog owners, finding them a more responsible class of tenants. (
  • The dogs who (allegedly) took the treats were scolded by their owners. (
  • They were able to induce yawning in 12 of 29 dogs by playing them tapes of their owners and complete strangers yawning. (
  • Are there a lot of dog owners among classical music fans? (
  • Affected pet owners are given the option of having their dogs and cats looked after and isolated by the Hong Kong Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD). (
  • AYLESBURY, England (Reuters) - Dogs are being trained in Britain as potential life-savers to warn diabetic owners when their blood sugar levels fall to dangerously low levels. (
  • The charity has 17 rescue dogs at various stages of training that will be paired up with diabetic owners, many of them children. (
  • The center was started five years ago by orthopedic surgeon Dr John Hunt, who wanted to investigate curious anecdotes about dogs pestering their owners repeatedly on parts of their body that were later found to be cancerous. (
  • When scientists at Japan's Azabu University took urine samples from dogs and their owners before and after 30 minutes of interacting, they found that the pairs that spent the most time gazing into each others' eyes showed significantly higher levels of the hormone oxytocin, the same hormonal response that bonds us to human infants. (
  • I suppose there are many pet owners who would not go through all of this for a dog, and more than a few who don't even let their dog in the house, let alone spend money on a vet visit. (
  • Some coronaviruses, such as canine and feline coronaviruses, infect only animals and do not infect people. (
  • Tips, stories, and reviews for people who love dogs, powered by , the world's largest network of 5-star pet sitters and dog walkers. (
  • NORTH GRAFTON, Mass. - Research led by investigators in veterinary and human medicine has identified genetic pathways that exacerbate severity of canine compulsive disorder in Doberman pinschers, a discovery that could lead to better therapies for obsessive compulsive disorder in people. (
  • None people can be applied to generico the way in the range of criteria, prednisone tablets for dogs or taken greatly. (
  • To prevent these people while you are code stopping dose with this prednisone, vestibular syndrome dogs prednisone your depression may reduce your art just. (
  • This video -- with music by Emmy-winning singer-songwriter Parry Gripp -- features real dogs who detect cancer and Parkinson's in fun research settings, and dogs who alert people to seizures and diabetic lows or highs and other life-threatening physical ailments. (
  • For more on these dogs and the people whose lives they save, pick up a copy of the book, Doctor Dogs: How Our Best Friends Are Becoming Our Best Medicine, by New York Times bestselling author Maria Goodavage. (
  • Visit the Healthy People section to learn about staying healthy around dogs. (
  • These bacteria do not make dogs or cats sick, but very rarely, they can spread to people. (
  • Rarely, Capnocytophaga can spread to people through bites, scratches, or close contact with a dog or cat that is infected. (
  • Most people who have contact with dogs and cats do not become sick. (
  • Always talk to people respectfully, and know when to ask for the assistance of a Barktender to prevent bad experiences for your dog. (
  • There are different types of assistance dogs providing a wide range of support to older and disabled people. (
  • As for the LA Times article, here are a few of the pithier quotes that will perhaps jog your memory: --Everywhere you go, dogs and people are doing things that a few years ago would have seemed bizarre and sometimes downright rude. (
  • Although many people who were new to the dog world saw the pairings of different breeds as a 20th century fad that was worth noting, avid breeders had been crossing purebreds for centuries. (
  • The Labrador, recognized for its excellent guiding abilities, and the Poodle, known for its intelligence, trainability and very low shedding, were paired to fill a need for disabled people who had allergies to dog dander. (
  • Finding genes that cause this or that ailment is what most people think of when they think about gene mapping and genetic research, and pinpointing the causes of inborn diseases is certainly one of the obvious and direct payoffs that will come from a better understanding of the dog genome. (
  • The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and the Van Andel Research Institute (VARI) have created the Canine Hereditary Cancer Consortium, a program designed to study naturally occurring cancers in dogs to better understand why both pets and people get sick. (
  • By studying the DNA of canines, we expect to more quickly discover the genomic causes of disease and more quickly find ways to better treat dogs, and people,'' said Dr. Mark Neff, director of the new TGen-VARI Program for Canine Health and Performance. (
  • In addition to cancer, TGen and VARI eventually will study neurological and behavioral disorders as well as hearing loss and other debilitative conditions in dogs that could relate to people. (
  • We're proud to be part of such an innovative approach that fully supports our mission of providing total lifetime care for pets, and one that will offer hope to people and dogs who are suffering from these illnesses," said Phil Francis, Executive Chairman of PetSmart. (
  • Neil Thompson, President and CEO of Hill's Pet Nutrition, said support of cancer research in dogs "goes hand-in-hand with the company's mission of enriching and lengthening the special relationships between people and their pets. (
  • Social distancing for dogs means that dogs not part of the same household should be kept at least six feet apart and avoid interacting with other dogs and other people from separate households. (
  • Pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 1714 (b) and (c), VA may provide to veterans enrolled under 38 U.S.C. 1705 guide dogs trained for the aid of people who are blind and service dogs trained for the aid of the hearing impaired or persons with a spinal cord injury or dysfunction or other chronic impairment that substantially limits mobility. (
  • The non-dog-people in the world often scoff, but anyone who owns a dog knows they've seen that familiar reaction: head down, eyes staring remorsefully in your direction. (
  • Most people are usually skeptical at first that music can actually relieve their dogs suffering. (
  • Unlike guide dogs for people with more obvious physical disabilities, there's a lot of gray area regarding who gets to have a dog accompany them to places -- from restaurants to stores to airplanes -- where animals are usually not allowed. (
  • These are individually, intensely trained dogs for people with mental disabilities. (
  • Then there are emotional support dogs, which provide comfort and motivation to people with disabilities. (
  • Not very many people like to walk into a home to visit a friend only to be confronted with a dog that growls, snaps or worse yet, bites. (
  • And if you have a dog that is fearful because of a lack of socialization to people, that too can further complicate your over protective dog situation. (
  • Jim, she is 7 months old, i would like to enter her in to dog shows but I'm concerned she will attack other dogs people. (
  • He has access to a fully fenced back yard, but unfortunately has had some taunting from neighbours and their children and dogs, and now reacts negatively to any noises or people on the other side of the fence. (
  • Allen said most people think a dog hospice would be a sad place. (
  • Researchers have even found that not only are dogs more likely to yawn after watching familiar people yawn, but also that dogs will yawn when hearing only the sound of a loved one's yawn. (
  • Pay attention to how your dog acts when in a room full of people. (
  • It is generally safe to keep an infected dog with other pets and people. (
  • It's more about hating dog-lovers, or hating the dog-lovingness of people. (
  • Nor of the obvious toll on the environment to produce their food, toys, special blankies, bejeweled collars and other crap you (I've started using you because I'm assuming you, dear reader, are not one of the 2 other people I know who think dogs are a blight on the planet) use to decorate your pet. (
  • How ferocious are Doberman dogs? (
  • And could you give me the list of other dog breeds that are more powerful than doberman. (
  • A new study entitled "Canine Filamentous Dermatitis Associated with Borrelia Infection" reveals that a condition similar to human Morgellons disease can occur in dogs. (
  • Analysis performed by five different laboratories detected the corkscrew-shaped agent of Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, in canine skin tissue by special staining and DNA analysis. (
  • The poor dog, I was tested for cushings over the winter-I don't have it but had many symptoms. (
  • We have some dogs in our derm clinic that have this and depending on the clinical symptoms we treat accordingly. (
  • It sounds like your dog has the symptoms of Cushings disease and if you can afford to take the dog to an internal medicine doctor for futher evaluation, you can probably get your answers and maybe have the proper treatment started. (
  • The owner of dog 1 was a 60-year-old woman who developed symptoms on 12 February 2020 and was diagnosed with COVID-19 on 24 February 2020. (
  • Dog 2 was a 2.5-year-old male German shepherd in good health from a household in which the owner developed symptoms on 10 March 2020 and was diagnosed with COVID-19 on 17 March 2020. (
  • in dogs is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world, but it only causes symptoms in 5-10% of affected dogs . (
  • So some dogs may have it, but never show symptoms. (
  • Possible health intention revealed low restlessness and complete amet cure to prednisone allergies dogs be human peers of delivery common food, and there were no few usual corticosteroids that modified this muscle. (
  • Canine compulsive disorder shares behavioral hallmarks, pharmacological responsiveness, and brain structural homology with human OCD, and thus is expected to be an important animal model. (
  • They have also created an animal sanctuary where selected dogs unable to be rehomed can live together free from excessive human contact. (
  • However, some human medications are safe for use with dogs, as long as they are used appropriately. (
  • While you should always consult with your veterinarian before giving your dog a human medication, here is what you need to know about using Benadryl for dogs. (
  • It can look scary and confusing to human beings, but it is how dogs have fun. (
  • Related to the stories about binding books with human skin from earlier in the week, apparently architect Le Corbusier bound one of his favorite books (Don Quixote) with the hide from one of his favorite dogs (Pinceau) . (
  • If some advertiser or political consultant could figure out just what it is in human psychology that makes us willing to believe that dogs are loyal, trustworthy, selfless, loving, courageous, noble, and obedient, he could retire to his own island in the Caribbean in about a week with what he would make peddling that secret. (
  • Dogs have not quite reached that point in their parasitism of human society. (
  • In the past couple of years new scientific evidence has started to confirm just how weird the relationship between dogs and human beings is-and how different it is from what we tend to think it is. (
  • They could provide the DNA keys to findings new treatments for rare cancers and other diseases in both dogs and human patients. (
  • Using voluntarily donated saliva, blood and tumor samples from many breeds of privately owned dogs, researchers hope that by studying canine cancers they can pinpoint the causes of human cancers. (
  • Dr. Meltzer and his colleagues will use gene expression profiling to identify genes involved in osteosarcoma to determine if the same genetic markers, alterations, and targets found are also found in human osteosarcoma, and in dogs. (
  • Many rare human cancers are very common in dogs. (
  • There is artistic interpretation in the details, such as Laika's dreams, her life as a somewhat-stray dog before her science career, and details about her relationships with her human handlers before going into space. (
  • Here, using PCR with reverse transcription, serology, sequencing the viral genome and virus isolation, we show that 2 out of 15 dogs from households with confirmed human cases of COVID-19 in Hong Kong were found to be infected with SARS-CoV-2. (
  • Viral genetic sequences of viruses from the two dogs were identical to the virus detected in the respective human cases. (
  • A timeline of clinical events in the human and dog SARS-CoV-2 infection cases that were analysed in this study. (
  • Further analysis of the canine skin fibers showed that they were made of the same proteins as human Morgellons disease fibers. (
  • In those cases, we do not have evidence of contact transmission from human to animal or animal to human," says Dr. Stricker, "it may be that both owner and dog were exposed to the same disease vector. (
  • We provide evidence that in the domestic dog oxytocin enhances social motivation to approach and affiliate with conspecifics and human partners, which constitutes the basis for the formation of any stable social bond. (
  • Q. Can I give a dog human multivitamins? (
  • This is why the attachment bond a dog feels for his human is one of deep devotion and is, as has been often stated, unconditional. (
  • It's an incredible finding that suggests that dogs have hijacked the human bonding system,' Hare told Science . (
  • There is a common folk belief that animal saliva, especially that of dogs, has healing properties for human wounds. (
  • Lyme disease is not contagious from one dog to another animal or human unless a tick that bites the infected dog goes on to bite another. (
  • What would happen if a dog were to breed with a human? (
  • With any type, you'll need to commit time and effort to developing the mutual understanding and affection that is the foundation of a successful dog-human partnership. (
  • However, dog breeders and veterinary staff are more at risk for brucellosis since they may be exposed to blood, tissues, and fluids from the birthing process. (
  • There are currently over 500 "designer" breeds recognized by the Designer Dogs Kennel Club, and some breeders take their programs very seriously. (
  • The cancer research will be supported by the recent approval of a 2-year, $4.3 million federal stimulus grant to the Canine Hereditary Cancer Consortium, which includes TGen and VARI in partnership with the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the University of Pennsylvania, Michigan State University, dog breeders and veterinarians. (
  • The law requires breeders and dealers to provide buyers with a variety of paperwork related to the dog they're buying. (
  • It's true: While most dogs are cute and cuddly, not all are great around young children. (
  • A cuddly canine can make the day a little better. (
  • Grilling out seafood and wondering if your dog can have a bite of shrimp? (
  • Dogs with flea allergic dermatitis will suffer intense itching and aggravation from even a single flea bite. (
  • When his servant brought his horse to him there, it was with the intelligence that his dog, Prince, was in a strange state, had killed the cat, almost killed another dog, and had tried to bite some of the servants. (
  • During a walk or a romp in the snow, keep your dog in sight at all times, and preferably on a leash, especially in a snowstorm. (
  • Watching for signs of stress or bullying, giving your dog leash breaks if they are becoming overstimulated, and knowing when to go home for the day all come from keeping a close eye on your dog at the park. (
  • The offending dogs may need to settle down with a break from play (preferably outside the off-leash area). (
  • DCR welcomes dogs on-leash in some DCR parks, forests, and reservations. (
  • All visitors of dog parks should maintain enough control over their pets via leash or voice control to comply with social distancing guidelines and site-specific rules and regulations. (
  • D ue to COVID 19, All dogs must be on a leash until further notice. (
  • Please note: Dogs must be on-leash in all parking areas. (
  • Idiopathic epilepsy, the most common cause of seizures in the dog, is an inherited disorder, but its exact cause is unknown. (
  • Soon, we found that our major mission became mostly one of offering sanctuary to the many dogs who never found permanent homes through adoption. (
  • We continue to rescue also, and use adoption sites and events to try to find homes for these dogs. (
  • Narrow your search by reading up on our list of the best dogs for kids, including small dogs for kids. (
  • Hancock County Search Dogs, Inc has no reviews yet. (
  • Hancock County Search Dogs, Inc shared IMPD News 's post . (
  • Hancock County Search Dogs, Inc shared Cumberland Police Department Indiana 's event . (
  • Heather Houlahan, who breeds and trains shepherds for search-and-rescue operations as well as for helping on her small homestead, says, "These general-purpose dogs can bring in the goats, kill a groundhog and keep the rooster under control. (
  • And facebook is cvs a nervous prednisone to dogs allergies prednisone diaphragm trainer. (
  • You can also become a fan on Facebook , and see more of her pictures of shaking dogs by clicking here . (
  • The airline's 'Sulimov Dogs' Facebook project also took the awards for Travel and Tourism, Digital Media Relations and Community Engagement at the IPRA Golden World Awards. (
  • I'll even admit some of them are my friends, but today, after a particularly lengthy flurry of cute Facebook pictures of homeless dogs and quotes extolling the eternal virtues of dog, I feel I have to object. (
  • If it's so cold outside that you're uncomfortable, your dog, even with a thick coat of fur , probably feels the same way. (
  • When placed in uncomfortable environments, some canines are known to give strangers the "whale eye," where you can sometimes see the whites of their eyes. (
  • Once the virus is introduced on a farm, spread can occur between mink, as well as from mink to other animals on the farm (dogs, cats). (
  • While Benadryl is not yet FDA-approved for veterinary use, it is considered safe for use in dogs and cats and is commonly used in veterinary practices across the U.S. (
  • Visit the STOP page on this site to read about our spay and neuter program for cats and dogs. (
  • Polyneuropathy in dogs and cats is a collection of peripheral nerve disorders that often are breed-related in these animals. (
  • Compared to other species, dogs and cats are relatively resistant to botulism. (
  • Diabetes neuropathy is more common in cats than dogs. (
  • Capnocytophaga is a common type of bacteria that normally lives in the mouths of dogs and cats. (
  • Capnocytophaga bacteria are common in the mouths of dogs and cats but do not cause them to get sick. (
  • While this is safe for use on dogs, it must not be used on cats. (
  • In 2003, the closely related SARS-CoV had been detected in domestic cats and a dog 3 . (
  • Fifteen dogs and seven cats from households with known COVID-19 cases had been quarantined and tested as of 27 March 2020. (
  • All the dogs and cats he had bitten were killed by Mr. Buxton himself, knowing that for such a painful business it was wiser to trust to no one's resolution and humanity but his own. (
  • Photographer Christian Vieler, 48, has been documenting pooches, with their eyes bulging, mouths wide open and looks of love on their faces, in his studio as part of the project "Dogs Catching Treats" since 2013. (
  • Dog walkers should not share toys, treats, or other materials with dogs that are not within the same household. (
  • SARS-CoV-2 RNA was detected from nasal swabs collected from dog 1 by quantitative PCR with reverse transcription (RT-qPCR) 4 , 5 in five consecutive specimens collected on and between 26 February and 9 March 2020 (Table 1 ). (
  • GigaPromo is the website to compare Lyme Disease In Dogs . (
  • How likely is your dog to get Lyme disease? (
  • How long can a dog live with Lyme disease? (
  • These forms of the disease ultimately cause kidney failure, which is the primary cause of death for many dogs with Lyme. (
  • How contagious is Lyme disease in dogs? (
  • Does Lyme disease affect dogs life span? (
  • In those cases where it is caught early and treatment is effective, the life span of a dog with Lyme disease is not changed either. (
  • When infection leads to Lyme disease in dogs , the dominant clinical feature is recurrent lameness due to inflammation of the joints, and a general feeling of malaise. (
  • Transmission of Lyme disease has been reported in dogs throughout the United States and Europe, but is most prevalent in the upper Midwestern states, the Atlantic seaboard and the Pacific coastal states. (
  • Certain tricks are particularly beneficial for dog sports. (
  • In addition to vitamins and minerals, some canine multivitamin tablets have more beneficial ingredients. (
  • No one's saying dogs don't feel, they're simply questioning whether dogs actually feel complex emotions like guilt. (
  • Strays have become master psychologists, says Andrei Poyarkov, 54, the dean of Moscow's stray-dog researchers. (
  • At around the same time, the first hard evidence was being gathered by researchers down the road at Amersham Hospital that dogs could identify bladder cancer from chemicals in urine. (
  • The dog study was partially funded by the Charles E. Holman Morgellons Disease Foundation (CEHMDF) and was conducted by an international team of researchers, including Calgary microbiologist Marianne Middelveen , San Francisco Internist Dr. Raphael Stricker, molecular biologists Dr. Eva Sapi and Dr. Jennie Burke, and Calgary veterinarians Dr. Gheorghe Rotaru and Dr. Jody McMurray. (
  • [6] In November 2017, Dogs Trust assisted in the effort to reduce dog homelessness in Bosnia and Herzegovina , by contributing to the funding of a major rehoming centre. (
  • Man's best friend already has been shown capable of sniffing out certain cancer cells, and dogs have long been put to work in the hunt for illegal drugs and explosives. (
  • This dog is serious about keeping the title of 'man's best friend. (
  • Dogs have lived alongside us for thousands of years, earning the reputation as 'man's best friend' for good reason. (
  • The NCDL campaigned against vivisection , unnecessary muzzling and prolonged chaining, as well as providing care for stray dogs. (
  • Once you stray from the list of dogs that are naturally comfortable in the water, keep in mind that your pup may need some assistance while taking a dip. (
  • Italy has pledged to crack down on the half a million stray dogs roaming the country after two serious attacks in a few days, including the mauling to death of a young boy. (
  • On Sunday a 10-year-old boy was killed after being pulled from his bicycle by a pack of stray dogs in the same area. (
  • There are around 450,000 stray dogs in Italy, mostly in the south of the country, according to the Association for the Defence of Animals and the Environment. (
  • Ted isn't quite sure about a big dog he grew up with a pair of West Highland White Terriers and a little mixed breed his sister found as a stray but he's willing to take the plunge. (
  • these include distemper , canine hepatitis, leptospirosis , and rabies . (
  • Veterinarians use Benadryl for dogs on a regular basis to treat allergies , travel anxiety , and motion sickness. (
  • Almost all canine anxiety issues originate in stress and music gets to the heart of the issue, as the individual pieces have been selected and/or rearranged to gradually reduce the heart rate. (
  • In other words, if you want to give your dog a total of one cup of food he/she will receive 1/3 cup chicken mixed with 2/3 cup of rice. (
  • Each day, (as long as the movements are normal) increase the amount of dog food and decrease the amount of bland food until you have reached the point where your dog is on 100% dog food. (
  • According to the dog food maker Hill's, pugs can't swim well either, because their face shape makes keeping water out of their noses difficult, while short-legged breeds like corgis and daschunds will have trouble staying above the surface. (
  • Family groups (a male, a few females, and their young) inhabit burrows and cooperate to share food, chase off other prairie dogs, and groom one another. (
  • Back in the lean Soviet era, restaurants and the now-ubiquitous fast-food kiosks were scarce, so dogs were less likely to beg and more likely to forage through garbage, the zoologists say. (
  • An excellent all round food for dogs of all breeds and ages. (
  • High quality dog food that uses only the finest ingredients and is made without artificial additives, preservatives and flavourings. (
  • These pet supply stores will make sure they're properly outfitted with the best dog food, pet gear and more. (
  • To purchase a bag of this high-quality, natural dog food, you can order it online or stop by one of the retail locations listed in the Wellness Store Locator. (
  • You can also find powdered and liquid dog multivitamins, which are designed to be mixed with food. (
  • A. Not every dog will necessarily benefit from multivitamins since commercial dog food contains a blend of vitamins and minerals already - if you feed your pet a high-quality commercial food, they should be getting all the nutrients they need. (
  • Dogs don't just love us - they need us, but not just for food and physical care. (
  • Austin, TX has a mobile food truck for dogs. (
  • USA spend on dog food alone is 20 billion a year. (
  • Your dog can ingest rocksalt, as well as antifreeze and other dangerous chemicals from asphalt and concrete surfaces, when licking his paws. (
  • Dogs that work or play in the ocean and ingest too much salt water can develop 'salt poisoning', i.e. serum hypernatremia. (
  • Dogs that retrieve in the ocean will inevitably ingest more salt water than dogs that are simply swimming. (
  • The China aster (Callistephus chinensis) does not pose a danger to dogs who ingest it. (
  • The problem of ticks is common among dogs. (
  • Ticks are the parasite who feed on the host blood (dog) .They carry diseases, which can infect your dog. (
  • It is also mandatory to get your dog vaccinated for ticks and fleas from time to time. (
  • Groom your dog regularly so that the ticks can be removed and disposed off. (
  • It is important to take precautions when grooming your dog for ticks with gloves. (
  • We have listed out few common types of ticks that are found in dogs. (
  • My dog was diagnosed with tumors on each of her adrenal glands. (
  • According to The Kennel Club, dogs breeds that don't shed include Lagotto Romagnolos, Irish Water Spaniels, Spanish Water Dogs and Bouvier des Flandres. (
  • Make potential you ask the artery or dark to vestibular syndrome dogs prednisone go over the effects on the susceptibility perhaps in offer trioxide you don' cancer understand. (
  • You can foster greater attention by teaching your dog to make eye contact with you on a cue like Watch Me or Look. (
  • If your K9 partner is a high-drive working dog, their intensity will not disappear in the water, where their high drive can mask fatigue and make matters worse very quickly. (
  • If your female dog goes into heat/season, make sure to keep her properly secured. (
  • The difference was that earlier hybrids were intended for work purposes to make better hunting or shepherding dogs, in many cases. (
  • If you fly off the handle when you come home to a mess your dog created, he may learn, not that it's bad to make a mess, but that messes are inherently bad. (
  • Cattle Dogs Ornaments make for brilliantly simple gifts in the present, and promise to be meaningful keepsakes for memories in the years to come. (
  • However, dogs on a raw or home-cooked diet may benefit from a multivitamin to make sure you're covering all the nutritional bases. (
  • Just make sure you do plenty of research and you will find the right dog for you! (
  • All of these qualities make them good guard dogs, *if* that is what they are trained to do. (
  • The dogs were having a good time, and we all managed to make it back home, thanks to a freezing wind in my faced that helped counteract the Ambien. (
  • A working dog might make a great addition to your homestead. (
  • With a sharp knife, make a few shallow slashes in each hot dog. (
  • Also, to make things more healthy I substituted a turkey dog for the beef and opted out of the potato chips. (
  • Idiopathic epilepsy is the most common cause of seizures in the dog. (
  • Hypothyroidism is the most common endocrinopathy (glandular disorder) in dogs. (
  • The most common abnormalities seen in hypothyroid dogs involve the skin and haircoat. (
  • A wet, shaking dog may be a common sight for pet lovers, but few have ever seen wet dogs captured quite like this. (
  • Dental disease is one of the most common diseases in dogs. (
  • Lactose intolerance is extremely common in dogs. (
  • Calling all dog lovers! (
  • We support this research and the hope it provides, which will ultimately benefit dogs and dog lovers everywhere. (
  • Also, today's K-9 training tools are mainly focused on getting the dogs to sniff out military-grade explosives , which are single-molecule explosives, he adds. (
  • Certainly all dogs do not need fancy haircuts or expensive baths with hot oil treatments, but failing to groom the dog is akin to neglecting to comb a child´s hair and wash behind his ears. (
  • If you have a dog with floppy ears, you´ve probably had a lesson of two in ear cleaning from your veteranarian. (
  • Under a cloak or below the ears of dogs are great places to look for these tiny vampires. (
  • I didn't realize dogs could get yeast infections in their ears. (
  • A Border Collie is a great all-around sheepdog," says Pearse Ward, president of the Wisconsin Working Stock Dog Association. (
  • As some dogs seem to find water a bizarre environment, you'll have to, uh, tread lightly. (
  • Basically, find a dog that leads by example and have your dog chase them around a body of water (while wearing a life vest) in the hopes they'll soon be splashing around together. (
  • If you plan to breed or show your dog, you will want to find a knowledgeable person in the breed to show you the ropes. (
  • Look for books to find specific information on how your particular breed of dog should be groomed. (
  • A new bird dog would find it challenging to match that history and experience. (
  • That said, if you are interested in becoming a bird dog, it may be wise to find a kindly real estate investor or a seasoned bird dog to learn from. (
  • In fact, returning to Australia, we find that one of the most popular designer dogs, the Labradoodle, originated there in the 1970s, and even this breed began as a working dog. (
  • For this reason I would suggest trying to find a breeder with lots of experience or one who has a dog with a first litter. (
  • There are other herding breeds, such as Australian Shepherds and Kelpies, but it's much harder to find a good working dog from those breeds, because for a long time so many in this country have not been bred specifically for working. (
  • ago tapering down from 40 design lack and prednisone tablets for dogs will almost go on length a clinical loss drug. (
  • Tell your outcome video medicine if you are taking any early samples, very any of the weeks may easily be a clinical vomiting of all dogs that may occur. (
  • Throughout the period in quarantine, the dog remained bright and alert with no obvious change in clinical condition. (
  • If your dog is not protected from the torment of fleas, please read on. (
  • Dogs can become infected with tapeworms after having fleas. (
  • To successfully eliminate tapeworms, every dog and cat in the house should be treated and fleas must be completely eliminated. (
  • At the moment electronic noses are not as advanced as the dogs', they are about 15 years behind. (
  • dog, carnivorous, domesticated wolf ( Canis lupus familiaris ) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. (
  • Dogs are that one member of the family who are always 'there' for you. (
  • e.g. in a fight with another dog or protecting the family they belong to. (
  • The family dog, however, stood up and began to lick the bleeding knee. (
  • While on a trail run, a family of runners were attacked by dogs and lived to tell the tale. (
  • This brings to prednisone allergies dogs an medication the biopsy of the patients that are results used in the cancer of sle. (
  • In forgotten chills, it is dogs for tablets prednisone immune to sale constrain cortisone to ' visitors on the osteonecrosis of usual risk based on our dramatic medication of the amet of these substances in didn' following:drugs. (
  • While a delivery weight may then provide heavy it', some optics do get medication questions in prednisone of the vestibular syndrome dogs prednisone susceptible dystrophy of a poor corticosteroids:if. (
  • Benadryl is a great medication for use in dogs with mild-to-moderate allergies. (
  • Allen says someone is always cooking, doing laundry, walking dogs or preparing medication. (
  • What dog breeds are good swimmers-and which aren't? (
  • This is totally normal, nonaggressive, and is actually good for teaching young dogs important lessons about canine social structure and body language. (
  • keeping your dog looking good and feeling good. (
  • Good for spoiled dogs. (
  • How is it that Los Angeles has become such a good place to be a dog of leisure? (
  • Maintaining the health of dogs goes beyond good nutrition. (
  • Which breed would be a good 3rd Dog to add to our pack? (
  • Remember, too, such as immunization shots to do this for the good of the beloved dog and those around him, so do not feel guilty. (
  • Over time the lack of structure or inconsistent structure begins to affirm in your dogs mind that you are a valuable provider of good things for free. (
  • So if your canine companion yawns in response to your yawns, odds are good that his affection for you enables him to empathize with you. (
  • Dobermans are definitely good guard dogs and they are very intelligent. (
  • Rather than purchasing an expensive purebred dog, your neighbors may be able to supply a good "farm dog" descended from many generations of general-purpose dogs. (
  • If your dog doesn't naturally jump into the pool with gusto, you're going to have to acclimate them to water via a gradual process. (
  • Dogs naturally thrive on diets that are almost exclusively meat based, with very few carbohydrates. (
  • Compare Products & Learn How to Protect Your Dog With a Convenient Monthly Chew. (
  • Many adopters do not want elderly or sick dogs, and with our policy of no-kill, our number of dogs kept growing. (
  • Adopt Rescue Dogs/Legacy Ranch is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit animal welfare organization. (
  • Ran within the past year --Featured lots of small, cute, trendy dogs --Named lots of doggie-type establishments, including cafes, therapy centers, even 'dog whisperers' But not everything hit the nail on the head: --not *all* the dogs were small -- in fact, there's a Great Dane in there! (
  • Dogs are scrounging for scraps at outdoor cafes, trotting happily into doggie day spas and massage parlors, snoozing underfoot at dog- friendly offices and romping ecstatically at one of the several new leashless dog parks. (
  • Today there are doggie day cares all over L.A., each with a cutesier name than the last-- the Loved Dog, the Grateful Dog, Camp Happy Dog, Chow Bella, Hollywood Hounds, Chateau Marmutt and Bow Wow Bungalow. (
  • The study builds on more than a decade of research from Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine and the University of Massachusetts Medical School that in 2010 initially found the neural cadherin (CDH2) gene on canine chromosome 7 appeared to coincide with an increased risk of OCD. (
  • This study is the first to show a long-term cure for diabetes in a large animal using gene therapy," says Fàtima Bosch, who treated the dogs at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain . (
  • the silky coat of the Yorkshire terrier may be 2 ft (61 cm) long, while a few breeds of dog (such as the Mexican hairless) are entirely without hair. (
  • Is a cross between an American pit bull terrier and a golden retriever a pit bull-type dog or a golden retriever-type dog? (
  • When dogs lick a human's hand or face, they are expressing affection and establishing a bond - the same holds true for dogs that lick each other. (
  • While the main purpose may be for grooming, when two dogs lick each other they are communicating signs of appreciation. (
  • Let the dog lick it," said the grandmother, "it will heal more quickly. (