Respiratory Therapy Department, Hospital
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.
Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction
Radiology Information Systems
A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.
The electronic transmission of radiological images from one location to another for the purposes of interpretation and/or consultation. Users in different locations may simultaneously view images with greater access to secondary consultations and improved continuing education. (From American College of Radiology, ACR Standard for Teleradiology, 1994, p3)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Psychological Phenomena and Processes
Lung Diseases, Parasitic
Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)
Care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities associated with the cardiopulmonary system. It includes the therapeutic use of medical gases and their administrative apparatus, environmental control systems, humidification, aerosols, ventilatory support, bronchopulmonary drainage and exercise, respiratory rehabilitation, assistance with cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and maintenance of natural, artificial, and mechanical airways.
Increasing confidence in vergence as a cue to distance. (1/254)Multiple cues contribute to the visual perception of an object's distance from the observer. The manner in which the nervous system combines these various cues is of considerable interest. Although it is accepted that image cues play a significant role in distance perception, controversy exists regarding the use of kinaesthetic information about the eyes' state of convergence. We used a perturbation technique to explore the contribution of vergence to visually based distance estimates as a function of both fixation distance and the availability of retinal information. Our results show that the nervous system increases the weighting given to vergence as (i) fixation distance becomes closer; and (ii) the available retinal image cues decrease. We also identified the presence of a strong contraction bias when distance cues were studied in isolation, but we argue that such biases do not suggest that vergence provides an ineffectual signal for near-space perception. (+info)
Effects of viewing distance on the responses of horizontal canal-related secondary vestibular neurons during angular head rotation. (2/254)Effects of viewing distance on the responses of horizontal canal-related secondary vestibular neurons during angular head rotation. The eye movements generated by the horizontal canal-related angular vestibuloocular reflex (AVOR) depend on the distance of the image from the head and the axis of head rotation. The effects of viewing distance on the responses of 105 horizontal canal-related central vestibular neurons were examined in two squirrel monkeys that were trained to fixate small, earth-stationary targets at different distances (10 and 150 cm) from their eyes. The majority of these cells (77/105) were identified as secondary vestibular neurons by synaptic activation following electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve. All of the viewing distance-sensitive units were also sensitive to eye movements in the absence of head movements. Some classes of eye movement-related vestibular units were more sensitive to viewing distance than others. For example, the average increase in rotational gain (discharge rate/head velocity) of position-vestibular-pause units was 20%, whereas the gain increase of eye-head-velocity units was 44%. The concomitant change in gain of the AVOR was 11%. Near viewing responses of units phase lagged the responses they generated during far target viewing by 6-25 degrees. A similar phase lag was not observed in either the near AVOR eye movements or in the firing behavior of burst-position units in the vestibular nuclei whose firing behavior was only related to eye movements. The viewing distance-related increase in the evoked eye movements and in the rotational gain of all unit classes declined progressively as stimulus frequency increased from 0.7 to 4.0 Hz. When monkeys canceled their VOR by fixating head-stationary targets, the responses recorded during near and far target viewing were comparable. However, the viewing distance-related response changes exhibited by central units were not directly attributable to the eye movement signals they generated. Subtraction of static eye position signals reduced, but did not abolish viewing distance gain changes in most units. Smooth pursuit eye velocity sensitivity and viewing distance sensitivity were not well correlated. We conclude that the central premotor pathways that mediate the AVOR also mediate viewing distance-related changes in the reflex. Because irregular vestibular nerve afferents are necessary for viewing distance-related gain changes in the AVOR, we suggest that a central estimate of viewing distance is used to parametrically modify vestibular afferent inputs to secondary vestibuloocular reflex pathways. (+info)
Effects of viewing distance on the responses of vestibular neurons to combined angular and linear vestibular stimulation. (3/254)Effects of viewing distance on the responses of vestibular neurons to combined angular and linear vestibular stimulation. The firing behavior of 59 horizontal canal-related secondary vestibular neurons was studied in alert squirrel monkeys during the combined angular and linear vestibuloocular reflex (CVOR). The CVOR was evoked by positioning the animal's head 20 cm in front of, or behind, the axis of rotation during whole body rotation (0.7, 1.9, and 4.0 Hz). The effect of viewing distance was studied by having the monkeys fixate small targets that were either near (10 cm) or far (1.3-1.7 m) from the eyes. Most units (50/59) were sensitive to eye movements and were monosynaptically activated after electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve (51/56 tested). The responses of eye movement-related units were significantly affected by viewing distance. The viewing distance-related change in response gain of many eye-head-velocity and burst-position units was comparable with the change in eye movement gain. On the other hand, position-vestibular-pause units were approximately half as sensitive to changes in viewing distance as were eye movements. The sensitivity of units to the linear vestibuloocular reflex (LVOR) was estimated by subtraction of angular vestibuloocular reflex (AVOR)-related responses recorded with the head in the center of the axis of rotation from CVOR responses. During far target viewing, unit sensitivity to linear translation was small, but during near target viewing the firing rate of many units was strongly modulated. The LVOR responses and viewing distance-related LVOR responses of most units were nearly in phase with linear head velocity. The signals generated by secondary vestibular units during voluntary cancellation of the AVOR and CVOR were comparable. However, unit sensitivity to linear translation and angular rotation were not well correlated either during far or near target viewing. Unit LVOR responses were also not well correlated with their sensitivity to smooth pursuit eye movements or their sensitivity to viewing distance during the AVOR. On the other hand there was a significant correlation between static eye position sensitivity and sensitivity to viewing distance. We conclude that secondary horizontal canal-related vestibuloocular pathways are an important part of the premotor neural substrate that produces the LVOR. The otolith sensory signals that appear on these pathways have been spatially and temporally transformed to match the angular eye movement commands required to stabilize images at different distances. We suggest that this transformation may be performed by the circuits related to temporal integration of the LVOR. (+info)
Long range interactions between oriented texture elements. (4/254)Long range interactions between texture elements (short, oriented line segments) were examined. Specifically, we studied the influence of a background array of texture elements on the detectability of a target element (separated from the background by an intermediate textured region) using textures like those of Caputo (Vis. Res. 1996, 36, 2815-2826). We found that, in general, when the background elements were oriented orthogonally to the target element, detection of the target element was better than when the background elements had the same orientation as the target element. We discuss these interactions in terms of inhibitory and excitatory connections between orientation and spatial frequency selective linear filters (e.g. filters which mimic V1 simple cells) which would respond to the individual texture elements. (+info)
Perceived distance, shape and size. (5/254)If distance, shape and size are judged independently from the retinal and extra-retinal information at hand, different kinds of information can be expected to dominate each judgement, so that errors in one judgement need not be consistent with errors in other judgements. In order to evaluate how independent these three judgments are, we examined how adding information that improves one judgement influences the others. Subjects adjusted the size and the global shape of a computer-simulated ellipsoid to match a tennis ball. They then indicated manually where they judged the simulated ball to be. Adding information about distance improved the three judgements in a consistent manner, demonstrating that a considerable part of the errors in all three judgements were due to misestimating the distance. Adding information about shape that is independent of distance improved subjects' judgements of shape, but did not influence the set size or the manually indicated distance. Thus, subjects ignored conflicts between the cues when judging the shape, rather than using the conflicts to improve their estimate of the ellipsoid's distance. We conclude that the judgements are quite independent, in the sense that no attempt is made to attain consistency, but that they do rely on some common measures, such as that of distance. (+info)
Driver distance from the steering wheel: perception and objective measurement. (6/254)OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the accuracy of driver perceptions of the distance between the driver's nose and the steering wheel of the vehicle as a factor in considering driver disconnection of an airbag contained in the steering wheel for preventing injury to the driver in an accident. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 1000 drivers was done to obtain perceived and objective measurements of the distance between the driver's nose and the steering wheel of the vehicle. RESULTS: Of 234 drivers who believed that they sat within 12 inches of the steering wheel, only 8 (3%) actually did so, whereas of 658 drivers who did not believe that they sat within 12 inches of the wheel, 14 (2%) did so. Shorter drivers were more likely than taller ones to both underestimate and overestimate their seating distance. CONCLUSIONS: Considerable misperception of drivers' distance from the wheel indicates that drivers should objectively measure this distance. (+info)
Explaining the moon illusion. (7/254)An old explanation of the moon illusion holds that various cues place the horizon moon at an effectively greater distance than the elevated moon. Although both moons have the same angular size, the horizon moon must be perceived as larger. More recent explanations hold that differences in accommodation or other factors cause the elevated moon to appear smaller. As a result of this illusory difference in size, the elevated moon appears to be more distant than the horizon moon. These two explanations, both based on the geometry of stereopsis, lead to two diametrically opposed hypotheses. That is, a depth interval at a long distance is associated with a smaller binocular disparity, whereas an equal depth interval at a smaller distance is associated with a larger disparity. We conducted experiments involving artificial moons and confirmed the hypothesis that the horizon moon is at a greater perceptual distance. Moreover, when a moon of constant angular size was moved closer it was also perceived as growing smaller, which is consistent with the older explanation. Although Emmert's law does not predict the size-distance relationship over long distances, we conclude that the horizon moon is perceived as larger because the perceptual system treats it as though it is much farther away. Finally, we observe that recent explanations substitute perceived size for angular size as a cue to distance. Thus, they imply that perceptions cause perceptions. (+info)
Honeybee navigation: nature and calibration of the "odometer". (8/254)There are two theories about how honeybees estimate the distance to food sources. One theory proposes that distance flown is estimated in terms of energy consumption. The other suggests that the cue is visual, and is derived from the extent to which the image of the world has moved on the eye during the trip. Here the two theories are tested by observing dances of bees that have flown through a short, narrow tunnel to collect a food reward. The results show that the honeybee's "odometer" is visually driven. They also provide a calibration of the dance and the odometer in visual terms. (+info)
AES E-Library » Distance Perception Based on the Spectra of the Spoken Voice
When making recordings of the spoken voice, the spectrum changes with distance and direction. This paper presents the results of experiments on the audibility of these changes. Special interest has been given to listeners distance perception when comparing different spectra adjusted to the same level of loudness. One conclusion is that in some cases it is possible to detect the distance by the spectrum of the voice presented.
174. Sample Odometer Fraud Indictment | USAM | Department of Justice
Some defendants replace odometers altogether, putting in a new low-mileage odometer, rather than rolling back the original odometers in vehicles. This indictment charges instances of such violations not only as odometer tampering, but also as violating provisions of the law that require specific procedures to be followed when replacing an odometer. See Count 16, charging conspiracy to commit violations of 49 U.S.C. § 32704 (in violation of 49 U.S.C. §§ 32703(4) and 32709(b)) and Counts 17 - 20 charging substantive violations of 49 U.S.C. §§ 32704(a) and 32709(b). Section 32704 requires that when an odometer is replaced, the new odometer must either (1) reflect the previous mileage, or (2) be reset to read zero - and a written notice must also be attached to the left door frame of the vehicle specifying the mileage before the odometer was replaced and the date of the replacement.. [updated October 2016] [cited in USAM 4-8.310]. ...
AES E-Library » Auditory Distance Perception in Different Rooms
A number of listening experiments have been made to investigate how auditory distance is perceived in different rooms: an anechoic room, an IEC listening room, and a classroom. Loudspeakers were placed in the rooms playing back a voice signal. The results show that in normal rooms the sound is perceived at about the same distance as the physical distance, regardless of the playback level. In the anechoic room there is no correspondence between physical and perceived distance.
CiNii Articles - Effects of Spatial Distance Perception on Social Distance, Focusing on Out-group Differences
空間的距離の認知が社会的距離に及ぼす影響 : 外集団間の差異に焦点を当てて [in Japanese] Effects of Spatial Distance Perception on Social Distance, Focusing on Out-group Differences [in Japanese] ...
Laser measurements reveal biological basis of distance perception
In their past research on the perception of the geometry, color, brightness and motion, Purves and his colleagues have accumulated evidence that visual processing is not the result of logical calculations about the image that falls on the retina of the eye as such. Rather, they have shown that vision is a fundamentally empirical phenomenon, in which the connections between nerve cells in the visual system evolved as a result of the success of organisms that correctly interpreted the inherently ambiguous visual world. Such ambiguity arises because the photons striking the retina do not carry any inherent information about their origins; thus the visual system must process retinal information statistically to correctly interpret a visual world that can t be known directly ...
Investigations into Velocity and Distance Perception Based on Different Types of Moving Sound Sources with Respect to Auditory...
In order to verify that the various conditions were recorded properly, several quantities such as spectrum, short-time spectrum and sound pressure level have been extracted from the audio signals. This was possible, because the digital amplitudes of the recorded signals were calibrated to a reference sound pressure level of 100 dB(SPL) which corresponds to an amplitude of 0 dBFS. Moreover, the extracted quantities facilitate conclusions with respect to dependencies between the physical properties of the sound sources and the results of the psychoacoustic experiments. The properties resp. the extracted quantities of the recordings of the passenger car and the motorcycle are compared in the following: Spectrograms: As an example, the spectrograms for the passenger car and the motorcycle for condition v = 100 kph and d = 4 m are shown in Figure 2a and Figure 2b. Here, the Doppler shift - due to the translational movement of the vehicles - can easily be observed. Moreover, the differences in the ...
Discuss Cross-Cultural Studies into Perception. - A-Level Psychology - Marked by Teachers.com
Introduction. Perception development ? cross cultural studies If perceptual abilities are innate and a product of nature then we should expect similar perceptual abilities across different cultures with any differences highlighting a nurture playing a role. Turnball completed research into depth perception. He found that a pygmy tribesman who was accustomed to the dense forest struggled with long differences. When he saw a buffalo in the distance he believed them to be insects because they appeared smaller in the distance. This suggests that the depth constancy are learned and his lack of experience let to his inability to use such cues for distance perception to interpret actual size. This shows the idea that depth perception is a learned process. But, a problem with Turnball?s research is that it was a case study. ...read more. Middle. A further explanation into shape constancy by Allport et al. They found that individuals from western cultures perceived an illusion created by rotating a ...
Frontiers | How our body influences our perception of the world | Psychology
Incorporating the fact that the senses are embodied is necessary for an organism to interpret sensory information. Before a unified perception of the world can be formed, sensory signals must be processed with reference to body representation. The various attributes of the body such as shape, proportion, posture, and movement can be both derived from the various sensory systems and can affect perception of the world (including the body itself). In this review we examine the relationships between sensory and motor information, body representations, and perceptions of the world and the body. We provide several examples of how the body affects perception (including but not limited to body perception). First we show that body orientation effects visual distance perception and object orientation. Also, visual-auditory crossmodal-correspondences depend on the orientation of the body: audio
Patent US5912635 - Method and apparatus for calibration of a distance sensor in a vehicle ... - Google Patents
Method and apparatus for modifying an odometer reading in a vehicle navigation system to compensate for odometer errors. A first distance measurement is obtained from the odometer, and a second distance measurement is obtained from at least one other sensor. The difference between the first and second distance measurements is determined and an adjustment amount is generated in response thereto. A modification factor is then adjusted by the adjustment amount, the modification factor being for modifying the odometer reading. The odometer reading is then modified with the modification factor. A method and apparatus for selecting a pulse rate setting in a vehicle navigation system to correspond to a pulse rate associated with the odometer are also described. A first distance measurement is obtained from the odometer and a second distance measurement is obtained from at least one other sensor. The difference between the first and second distance measurements is then determined. The pulse rate setting is
JCVI: Impact of Donor-recipient Phylogenetic Distance on Bacterial Genome Transplantation.
Citation. Labroussaa F, Lebaudy A, Baby V, Gourgues G, Matteau D, Vashee S, Sirand-Pugnet P, Rodrigue S, Lartigue C. Impact of Donor-recipient Phylogenetic Distance on Bacterial Genome Transplantation.. Nucleic Acids Research. 2016 Aug 03;. External Citation. Abstract. Genome transplantation (GT) allows the installation of purified chromosomes into recipient cells, causing the resulting organisms to adopt the genotype and the phenotype conferred by the donor cells. This key process remains a bottleneck in synthetic biology, especially for genome engineering strategies of intractable and economically important microbial species. So far, this process has only been reported using two closely related bacteria, Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri (Mmc) and Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum (Mcap), and the main factors driving the compatibility between a donor genome and a recipient cell are poorly understood. Here, we investigated the impact of the evolutionary distance between donor and recipient ...
Synthetic Approach To Determine the Effect of Nuclear Spin Distance on Electronic Spin Decoherence<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Synthetic Approach To Determine the Effect of Nuclear Spin Distance on Electronic Spin Decoherence. AU - Graham, M. J.. AU - Yu, Chung Jui. AU - Krzyaniak, Matthew D.. AU - Wasielewski, Michael R.. AU - Freedman, Danna E.. N1 - Funding Information: We thank Prof. J. Zadrozny and M. Fataftah for helpful conversations, and thank Dr. M. Nilges for experimental assistance. This research was performed with funds from the National Science Foundation for CAREER Award No. CHE-1455017 (M.J.G., C.-J.Y., and D.E.F.) and Award No. CHE-1565925 (M.R.W.). We also acknowledge support from Northwestern University, the State of Illinois, and M.J.G. acknowledges an NSF GRFP fellowship (DGE-1324585).. PY - 2017/3/1. Y1 - 2017/3/1. N2 - Nuclear-electronic interactions are a fundamental phenomenon which impacts fields from magnetic resonance imaging to quantum information processing (QIP). The realization of QIP would transform diverse areas of research including accurate simulation of quantum ...
The effect of the impeller-driver magnetic coupling distance on hemolysis in a compact centrifugal pump<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effect of the impeller-driver magnetic coupling distance on hemolysis in a compact centrifugal pump. AU - Nakazawa, Tadashi. AU - Makinouchi, Kenzo. AU - Takami, Yoshiyuki. AU - Glueck, Julie. AU - Takatani, Setsuo. AU - Nosé, Yukihiko. PY - 1996/1/1. Y1 - 1996/1/1. N2 - Blood trauma is one of the important performance parameters of centrifugal pumps. To investigate the blood trauma induced by these pumps, in vitro hemolysis tests have become an important procedure and are increasingly used for pump development and comparisons. The Baylor compact eccentric inlet port (C1E) centrifugal blood pump was developed as a long-term centrifugal ventricular assist device (VAD) as well as-a cardiopulmonary bypass pump (CPB). The Baylor C1E pump incorporates a seal-less design with a blood stagnation-free structure. This pump can provide flows of 5 L/min against 350 mm Hg of total pressure head at 2,600 revolutions per minute. The pump impeller is magnetically coupled to the driver ...
Numerical Study on the Effect of Driving Distance on the Diffusion of PM2.5 in the Street | Springer for Research & Development
The influence of inter-vehicle distance on the diffusion process of PM2.5 in the underlay surface of urban streets is studied. Firstly, the diffusion process of tracer gas PM2.5 is simulated using...
Auto Odometer Correction
China Auto Odometer Correction manufacturers - Select 2017 high quality Auto Odometer Correction products in best price from certified Chinese Auto Diagnostic Tool manufacturers, China Obdii suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
Extreme Garage Makeover: My 1990s Acura Showroom | drivetofive
Descending order! Odometer (Legend Coupe): 548,712 Odometer (Integra): 237,380 Odometer (ILX): 183,721 Odometer (Legend Sedan): 150,668 Odometer (Vigor): 106,293 Odometer (NSX): 106,150 Total Miles: 1,332,924. 1.3 million miles! Time-travel back with me about a quarter-century to those glorious early 1990s. I was only about 10 but I still remember them fondly. You turn on your…
CiteSeerX - A neural model of the cortical representation of egocentric distance
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Neurons in the visual cortex of monkeys respond selectively to the disparity between the images in the two eyes. Recent recordings have shown that some of the disparity-selective neurons in the primary visual cortex and the posterior parietal cortex are modulated by the distance of fixation. A population of such gain-modulated, disparity-selective neurons forms a set of basis functions of horizontal disparity and distance of fixation that can be used as an intermediate representation for computing egocentric distance. This distributed representation is consistent with psychophysical studies of human depth perception; in contrast, neurons explicitly tuned to distance are not consistent with how we perceive distance. In a population model that includes noise in the firing rates of neurons, the perceived distance is
Perceived azimuth direction is exaggerated: Converging evidence from explicit and implicit measures | JOV | ARVO Journals
A mixed 3 between (Gaze Restriction: Gaze-Fixed, Head-Fixed, and Head Free) × 2 within (viewing distance: 5 and 15 m) factor ANOVA was conducted on the individual participants gain data at each distance. The effect of Viewing Distance on angular gain differed as a function of Gaze Restriction, F(2, 32) = 7.90, p = 0.0016. This interaction is shown in Figure 5 (left). Posthoc tests, with Bonferroni correction (α = 0.017), confirmed that the gain was reliably higher when the target was nearer (i.e., 5 m), when either eye movements were allowed (Head-Fixed), t(10) = 2.92, p = 0.015, or when both head and eye movements were allowed (Head Free), t(11) = 5.05, p , 0.001; but that there was no effect of viewing distance when gaze was required to be fixed on the reference disk throughout each trial, t(11) = 1.27, p = 0.23. Recall that the reference point, to which targets were compared, was at 15 m. Because the angular gain was unaffected by viewing distance when gaze refixation on the targets was ...
LinearRegressionMDE: Minimum Distance Estimation in Linear Regression Model version 1.0 from CRAN
Consider linear regression model Y = Xb + error where the distribution function of errors is unknown, but errors are independent and symmetrically distributed. The package contains a function named LRMDE which takes Y and X as input and returns minimum distance estimator of parameter b in the model.
New Arrive Lonsdor K518ISE Key Programmer K518ISE Odometer Correction Review by Nancy N.
Lonsdor K518ISE Key Programmer support For All key lost for different car brands. K518ISE Odometer Adjustment Tool work with the Toyota/Lexus smart key emulator via OBD.
Mash: fast genome and metagenome distance estimation using MinHash | Genome Biology | Full Text
Mash extends the MinHash dimensionality-reduction technique to include a pairwise mutation distance and P value significance test, enabling the efficient clustering and search of massive sequence collections. Mash reduces large sequences and sequence sets to small, representative sketches, from which global mutation distances can be rapidly estimated. We demonstrate several use cases, including the clustering of all 54,118 NCBI RefSeq genomes in 33 CPU h; real-time database search using assembled or unassembled Illumina, Pacific Biosciences, and Oxford Nanopore data; and the scalable clustering of hundreds of metagenomic samples by composition. Mash is freely released under a BSD license ( https://github.com/marbl/mash ).
Fast genome and metagenome distance estimation using MinHash
Given a massive collection of sequences, it is infeasible to perform pairwise alignment for basic tasks like sequence clustering and search.
An Experimental Investigation of a CW/CA System for Automobiles - SAE International
CW/CA (Collision Warning /Collision Avoidance) Systems have been an active research and development area as interests and demands for the advanced vehicle increase. A CW/CA Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation (HiLS) system has been designed and used to test a CW/CA algorithm, radar sensors, and warning displays under realistic operating conditions in the laboratory. A CW/CA algorithm has two parts. One is a distance decision algorithm that determines the critical warning and braking distance and the other is a brake control algorithm for collision avoidance. The CW/CA HiLS system consists of a controller in which a DSP chip is installed, a preceding vehicle simulator, a radar sensor and a warning display. The controller calculates velocities of the preceding and following vehicles, relative distance and relative velocity of the vehicles using vehicle simulation models. The relative distance and velocity are applied to the vehicle simulator that is controlled by a DC motor. The relative distance of ...
The influence of exposure, parents, and linguistic distance on young European learners foreign language comprehension
The project Early Language Learning in Europe (ELLiE) has studied the longitudinal effects of an early foreign language (FL) start in seven European contexts. This article presents a sub-study of ELLiE that investigates the impact of out-of-school factors on learners listening and reading skills in year four of formal FL instruction. More specifically, we include Parents educational level, parents use of the FL professionally, exposure, interaction and cognate linguistic distance. Data were collected by means of listening and reading tests and a parents questionnaire. Results of the statistical analyses show that cognate linguistic distance was the strongest predictor of both listening and reading scores, followed closely by exposure, and parents FL use at work and international interaction at some distance. Parents educational levels only impacted on reading scores, and domestic interaction did not have any effect on listening or reading. Furthermore, the results confirm previous research ...
Archive ouverte HAL - Algorithms for computing the double cut and join distance on both gene order and intergenic sizes
Background: Combinatorial works on genome rearrangements have so far ignored the influence of intergene sizes,i.e. the number of nucleotides between consecutive genes, although it was recently shown decisive for the accuracyof inference methods (Biller et al. in Genome Biol Evol 8:1427-39, 2016; Biller et al. in Beckmann A, Bienvenu L, JonoskaN, editors. Proceedings of Pursuit of the Universal-12th conference on computability in Europe, CiE 2016, Lecturenotes in computer science, vol 9709, Paris, France, June 27-July 1, 2016. Berlin: Springer, p. 35-44, 2016). In this line, wedefine a new genome rearrangement model called wDCJ, a generalization of the well-known double cut and join (orDCJ) operation that modifies both the gene order and the intergene size distribution of a genome.Results: We first provide a generic formula for the wDCJ distance between two genomes, and show that computingthis distance is strongly NP-complete. We then propose an approximation algorithm of ratio 4/3, and two exact ones:a
No increase in walking distance on repeated test in COPD patients with exercise induced hypoxemia
The overall aims of the studies were to investigate the effects of different training modalities on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with moderate or severe COPD and, further, to explore two of the physical tests used in pulmonary rehabilitation.. In study I, the 12-minute walking distance (12MWD) did not increase on retesting in patients with exercise-induced hypoxemia (EIH) whereas 12MWD increased significantly on retesting in the non-EIH patients. In study II, we found that the incremental shuttle walking test was as good a predictor of peak exercise capacity (W peak) as peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) is. In study III, we investigated the effects of two different combination training programmes when training twice a week for eight weeks. One programme was mainly based on endurance training (group A) and the other on resistance training and callisthenics (group B). W peak and 12MWD increased in group A but not in group B. HRQoL, anxiety and depression ...
Distances on Spaces of High-Dimensional Linear Stochastic Processes: A Survey | SpringerLink
In this paper we study the geometrization of certain spaces of stochastic processes. Our main motivation comes from the problem of pattern recognition in high-dimensional time-series data (e.g.,...
Travelling long distances on a Motorcycle - Team-BHP
There is a long time desire supressed in my heart to free flow one day by road on my 350 STD to chennai. Its long time desire which I want to accomplish this task one day and I want to have a bag
Shorter distance on six-minute walk test points up a greater risk of death
David J. Lederer, M.D., of the Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, and five associates examined the records of 454 adult IPF patients on U.S. transplantation waiting lists. In IPF, lung tissue is damaged by an unknown cause. The walls of the air sacs become inflamed, which leads to scarring or fibrosis. As a result, patients with IPF frequently suffer from progressive respiratory failure. Eventually, the scarring causes permanent loss of the lungs ability to transport oxygen. To date, lung transplantation is the only medical therapy that has been shown to improve survival. Twenty-percent of all lung transplant procedures performed worldwide involve patients with IPF. The investigators call the six-minute walk test a simple, safe, reliable and inexpensive way to assess the self-paced exercise capacity of IPF patients. It varies little when repeated on the same person over a short period of ...
Complete Axiomatization for the Bisimilarity Distance on Markov Chains - Projekter - Aalborg Universitets forskningsportal
Drevet af Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. Vi bruger cookies til at hjælpe med at tilvejebringe og forbedre vores service og tilpasse indhold. Ved at fortsætte accepterer du brug af cookies. ...
Effect of irradiation distance on degradation of phenol using indirect ultrasonic irradiation method - フィンガープリント - Keio...
Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. 弊社は、サービスを提供、向上し、コンテンツをカスタマイズするために、Cookieを使用します。続けることで、お客様はCookieの使用に同意することになります。. ...
Frontiers | Visual target distance, but not visual cursor path length produces shifts in motor behavior | Psychology
When using tools effects in body space and distant space often do not correspond. Findings so far demonstrated that in this case visual feedback has more impact on action control than proprioceptive feedback. The present study varies the dimensional overlap between visual and proprioceptive action effects and investigates its impact on aftereffects in motor responses. In two experiments participants perform linear hand movements on a covered digitizer tablet to produce ∩-shaped cursor trajectories on the display. The shape of hand motion and cursor motion (linear vs. curved) is dissimilar and therefore does not overlap. In one condition the length of hand amplitude and visual target distance is similar and constant while the length of the cursor path is dissimilar and varies. In another condition the length of the hand amplitude varies while the lengths of visual target distance (similar or dissimilar) and cursor path (dissimilar) are constant. First, we found that aftereffects depended on the
Where did that sound come from? Comparing the ability to localise using audification and audition.
Purpose: A prototype device was developed to allow individuals to hear ultrasound reflections off environmental obstacles. Previous studies have shown that this device allows for better distance judgement than audition and allows for effective passag
Shot grouping - Wikipedia
In shooting sports, a shot grouping, or simply grouping, is the pattern of projectile impacts on a target from multiple shots taken in one shooting session. The tightness of the grouping (the proximity of all the shots to each other) is a measure of the precision of a weapon, and a measure of the shooters consistency and skill. On the other hand, the grouping displacement (the distance between the calculated group center and the intended point of aim) is a measure of accuracy. Tightness of shot groupings are calculated by measuring the distance between bullet holes on the target (center-to-center) in length measurements such as millimeters or inches. Often that measurement is converted into angular measurements, such as milliradians (mils) or minutes of angle (MOAs), which expresses the size of shot spreads regardless of the target distance. Thus, by using angular measurements, one can reliably compare the relative tightness of shot groupings fired at different distances. For firearms that ...
Mr. Grabas Weekly Blog: December 16, 2012
Monday - We completed two labs on Monday. In the first, we separated the pigments found in a leaf of spinach using a technique called paper chromatography. Using an organic solvent, the four pigments in a spinach leaf travel different distances on a piece of paper so that the students can see that green is not the only color of the pigments in a plant. While that experiment was running (it takes awhile for the solvent to travel on the paper), the students looked at the structure of a leaf under the microscope. For homework, the students completed any of the lab questions that they did not complete in class ...
See Dane Run: Fox Valley Half Marathon Recap
There is a part of the race that you know is coming as a half marathoner but you still dread it. Given the nature of running three different distances on virtually the same course and the same finish line, but heading in multiple directions provides a little bit of a problem. To make this all work there is a ¾ mile-section that only the half marathoners have to do. You know this is coming because the mile markers for the 20 miler and the marathon are in the same place with the markers for the half being 4 minutes of running further down the path. I remembered this from last years 20 miler and knowing how much of a mental game this can play with you, was prepared for it. It doesnt matter if you can see the finish line if you know you still have 2 miles to run. So I flipped the psychosis of the course and thought I would just run as hard as possible to make it hurt for less time ...
Stereoscopic Depth Constancy | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
In experiment 1, we demonstrated that the visual system compensates for the effects of spatial frequency to achieve depth constancy. In that experiment, however, the standard and comparison were presented at the same viewing distance, so the predictions for depth constancy and disparity matching (setting the peak-to-trough disparities to the same value) were the same. By putting the standard and comparison at different distances, these two predictions are dissociated. In experiment 2, if subjects failed to take distance into account and simply matched the disparities at the retina, then the data would fall on horizontal lines through the squares, which represent the disparities of the standard (disparity matching). Those lines are not shown in the figures, but such data would be a failure of depth constancy. If, on the other hand, observers saw the same depth variation when the two stimuli specified the same peak-to-trough depth in the world, then they would require more disparity in the ...
Suppose we have a proton and electron, separated with a distance d | Physics Forums
Suppose we have a proton and electron, separated with a distance, d with respect to a stationary observer. Another observer moves with velocity, v with respect...
Lightweight Relief Shearing for Enhanced Terrain Perception on Interactive Maps
We explore interactive relief shearing, a set of non-intrusive, direct manipulation interactions that expose depth and shape information in terrain maps using ephemeral animations. Reading and interpreting topography and relief on terrain maps is an important aspect of map use, but extracting depth information from 2D maps is notoriously difficult. Modern mapping software attempts to alleviate this limitation by presenting digital terrain using 3D views. However, 3D views introduce occlusion, complicate distance estimations, and typically require more complex interactions. In contrast, our approach reveals depth information via shearing animations on 2D maps, and can be paired with existing interactions such as pan and zoom. We examine explicit, integrated, and hybrid interactions for triggering relief shearing and present a version that uses device tilt to control depth effects. Our evaluation shows that these interactive techniques improve depth perception when compared to standard 2D and perspective
Biomod/2013/Komaba/Project - OpenWetWare
One of our projects applications is a suspension rod. Lets imagine a pointer used in class lectures. The rod contains many cylinders and can extend and shrink by changing a relative distance of each cylinder. Inner cylinder corresponds to the DNA cylinder and outer one does to the DNA ring in our project. In addition, how the rod stretch can be controlled by ordering DNA strands. For example, the rod, which has zigzag-placed strands in parallel to the cylinders axis, can shrink and suspend spontaneously. // By using suspending movement, our DNA screw can measure kinetic properties. In detail, the DNA screw has FRET and emits fluorescence when the relative distance between the ring and cylinder changes in preparation. Then, the DNA screw is attached to an object such as a protein. The kinetic force is detectable by observing FRETs emission. Compared to AFM, this method can observe one proteins elastic force. // Furthermore, this DNA suspension rod can provide a dynamical creating methodology ...
Cluster analysis - Wikipedia
Connectivity based clustering, also known as hierarchical clustering, is based on the core idea of objects being more related to nearby objects than to objects farther away. These algorithms connect objects to form clusters based on their distance. A cluster can be described largely by the maximum distance needed to connect parts of the cluster. At different distances, different clusters will form, which can be represented using a dendrogram, which explains where the common name hierarchical clustering comes from: these algorithms do not provide a single partitioning of the data set, but instead provide an extensive hierarchy of clusters that merge with each other at certain distances. In a dendrogram, the y-axis marks the distance at which the clusters merge, while the objects are placed along the x-axis such that the clusters dont mix.. Connectivity based clustering is a whole family of methods that differ by the way distances are computed. Apart from the usual choice of distance ...
The risk of viral dispersal and aerosolization by different hand-drying methods : WestminsterResearch
A suspension of MS2, an Escherichia coli bacteriophage virus, was used to artificially contaminate the hands of participants prior to using three different handdrying devices: jet air dryer, warm air dryer, paper towel dispenser. Virus was detected by plaque formation on agar plates layered with the host bacterium. Vertical dispersal of virus was assessed at a fixed distance (0.4 m) and over a range of different heights (0.0 - 1.8 m) from the floor. Horizontal dispersal was assessed at different distances of up to three metres from the hand-drying devices ...
Biology-How our eyes work - Howthingswork.org
Taking an image with our eyes. The eyes work in exactly the same way as a camera. Light from an object gets focused by the cornea, aqueous humor, and lens onto the retina. By adjusting the shape of the lens, clear images of objects at different distances can be formed. Note that the images on retina are actually upside down, but our brain has evolved to adjust this so we see the world properly.. The retina is the innermost of three tissue layers that make up the eyeball. The outermost layer, called the sclera, is what gives most of the eyeball its white color. The middle layer between the retina and sclera is called the choroid. The choroid contains blood vessels that supply the retina with nutrients and oxygen and remove its waste products.. Embedded in the retina are millions of light sensitive cells, which come in two main varieties: rods and cones. Rods are used for monochrome vision in poor light, while cones are used for color and for the detection of fine detail. Cones are packed into a ...
Your vision | How the eye works
Light enters the eye through the anterior (or front) part of the eye where it passes first through the cornea and then lens which focus the light into a distinct beam. This light beam then moves through the middle of the eye and ends up on the back of the eye (retina) which is compsed of a light-sensitive membrane that translates the light into electrical signals which are, in turn, sent to the brain through the optical nerve (Figure 1).. The cornea is the outermost transparent layer in the anterior part of the eye and is responsible for most of the focus or dioptric power. The curvature of the cornea determines how well the light is focused. After light leaves the cornea it passes through the lens which is flexible and can change shape to help you see at different distances (accommodation) (Figure 2).. ...
Inside Greater Eds News | Nangamai NET
TUTs new promotional video titled Research is the key to the longer term takes you on a breath-taking visible journey into the world of science, retracing the economic historical past of Tampere and reaching for the celebrities to offer a glimpse into the future of scientific exploration. Territory additionally had to think about how its screens would look in relation to the camera. Some have been filmed up shut, whereas others had been solely visible in the background. It was important, due to this fact, that designs have been readable at different distances. To check this, the crew constantly squashed and scaled up its graphics to see what they would appear like on display screen. Does it have the detail to have an in depth lens on it? And can you go wide, and blur it out, and nonetheless learn it? Sheldon-Hicks mentioned.. The London-primarily based outfit is known for creating on-set graphics. These are screens, or visuals, that the actor can see and, relying on the scene, physically ...
Application of Normative Values to Improve Macular Asymmetry Analysis in Glaucoma | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Twenty patients with glaucomatous visual field (24-2) defects (ages 40 to 85 years) and 30 age-similar controls were recruited from a longitudinal glaucoma study. Subjects were imaged with Spectralis OCT (V 5.4, Heidelberg Engineering, GmbH) using the posterior pole protocol. A 64-cell grid is superimposed on a 24°×24° area of the macula, and was manually adjusted to be centered on the fovea; the central line of this grid was oriented in the same direction as the foveal-disc angle. We demarcated 3 zones per hemifield within the central ±8°, where we had found the lowest variability. Asymmetry was calculated as the difference between the average thicknesses of a superior zone and the corresponding inferior zone. In order to validate our findings, high-density scans were used with 10 of the 20 patients to derive en face images of the RNFL bundles at different distances from the inner limiting membrane.. ...
Expanded Newborn Screening Using Tandem Mass Spectromety
This is when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and hard to see through. In a normal eye, the lens is almost transparent. Its job is to focus the things we are looking at onto the retina at the back of the eye so we can see objects at different distances clearly. Cloudiness of the lens causes dimming of the eyesight and fuzzy images. Cataracts are usually caused by exposure to too much sunlight or by aging. In young infants with galactosemia, cataracts may be caused by the buildup of galactose and other substances in the blood ...
New Isnt On Its Way. Were Applying It Proper Now. | Nangamai NET
TUTs new promotional video titled Analysis is the important thing to the longer term takes you on a breath-taking visual journey into the world of science, retracing the economic history of Tampere and reaching for the celebs to offer a glimpse into the future of scientific exploration. Territory additionally had to think about how its screens would look in relation to the digicam. Some were filmed up shut, whereas others were only seen in the background. It was vital, subsequently, that designs were readable at different distances. To test this, the crew consistently squashed and scaled up its graphics to see what they would seem like on display screen. Does it have the detail to have a detailed lens on it? And might you go extensive, and blur it out, and still read it? Sheldon-Hicks said.. During the venture, Territory labored with Paul Inglis, the films senior art director, and Arthur Max, the manufacturing designer. Years later, David Sheldon-Hicks, co-founder and artistic director at ...
A step-by-step evaluation of empirical methods to quantify eruption source parameters from tephra-fall deposits | Journal of...
This paper describes the step-by-step process of characterizing tephra-fall deposits based on isopach, isomass and isopleth maps as well as thickness transects at different distances from their source. It covers the most frequently used empirical methods of integration (i.e., exponential, power-law and Weibull) and provides a description of the key physical parameters that can be retrieved from tephra-fall deposits. To streamline this process, a Matlab function called TephraFits is proposed, which is highly customizable and also guides the interpretation of the results. The function calculates parameters such as the deposit volume/mass, the VEI/magnitude, and the rates of thickness-decay away from the source and assists in eruption classification using deposit-based schemes. The function also contains a stochastic mode that can be used to propagate the uncertainty from field data to the quantification of eruption source parameters. The use of this function is demonstrated using the the 1180 ±80 years B
JARS 49n4 - Exploring the Complexities of Plant Hardiness
The mechanisms described above - collectively referred to as acclimation - are triggered within the plant by environmental cues, of which the most important are seasonal changes in daylength and temperature. Differences among plant species range from the purely photoperiodic in which temperature plays almost no role to those that are purely temperature-controlled with no response to photoperiod (i.e., daylength). Most plants fall somewhere between these two extremes. In spring, once daylength extends beyond a certain point - known as critical daylength - deacclimation is initiated in photo-periodically sensitive species, active growth is triggered, and the plant will not become quiescent again until the shortened daylengths again trigger acclimation the following fall. Because the daylengths differ throughout the year at different distances from the equator, the cues that trigger spring growth (and winter acclimation as well) in a plant of Floridian provenance will be slightly different than ...
The Neurophile: February 2006
It is scarcely possible to avoid comparing the eye to a telescope. We know that this instrument has been perfected by the long-continued efforts of the highest human intellects; and we naturally infer that the eye has been formed by a somewhat analogous process. But may not this inference be presumptuous? Have we any right to assume that the Creator works by intellectual powers like those of man? If we must compare the eye to an optical instrument, we ought in imagination to take a thick layer of transparent tissue, with a nerve sensitive to light beneath, and then suppose every part of this layer to be continually changing slowly in density, so as to separate into layers of different densities and thicknesses, placed at different distances from each other, and with the surfaces of each layer slowly changing in form. Further we must suppose that there is a power always intently watching each slight accidental alteration in the transparent layers; and carefully selecting each alteration which, ...
Owens, DA; Leibowitz, HW (1976). "Oculomotor adjustments in darkness and the specific distance tendency". Perception & ... Leibowitz's research investigated basic issues of visual psychophysics, perception of size, distance & motion, peripheral ... Leibowitz, HW (1965). Visual Perception. OCLC 224951. White, MJ (1987). "Big bangs in perception: the most often cited authors ... The book "Visual Perception: The Influence of H.W. Leibowitz" was written by his students and close colleagues in 2002; the ...
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice (2002). Phenomenology of Perception (PDF). London and New York, pp. xv - xvi: Routledge. ISBN 0203994612 ... Barbards, Renaud (2006). "Desire and Distance". Stanford University Press. ... or perception, called noema (as well as eidetic reduction), is a helpful key in understanding Winquist's work. Maurice Merleau- ... that concerned perception, but not always reliable cognition. This concept, presented in Winquist's theological work, and ...
Statistical learning in language acquisition
Werker, J. F.; Yeung, H. H.; Yoshida, K. A. (2012). "How Do Infants Become Experts at Native-Speech Perception?". Current ... Newport, Elissa L.; Hauser, Marc D.; Spaepen, Geertrui; Aslin, Richard N. (2004). "Learning at a distance II. Statistical ... Having this knowledge is important for aspects of both speech perception and speech production. Since the discovery of infants ... Kuhl, P.; Williams, K.; Lacerda, F; Stevens, K.; Lindblom, B (1992). "Linguistic experience alters phonetic perception in ...
South Australian Living Artists Festival
Osborne, Margot (2015). Giles Bettison, pattern and perception. Adelaide, South Australia: Wakefield Press. ISBN 9781743053812 ... Rackham, Melinda (2016). Catherine Truman : touching distance. Adelaide, South Australia: Wakefield Press. ISBN 9781743054314. ...
While the distance variable appears to be an active factor in the perception of relative size, the size of the surrounding ... Recent work suggests that two other critical factors involved in the perception of the Ebbinghaus illusion are the distance of ... Study found 70 genetic variants linked to the perception of the Ebbinghaus illusion. The winner of the 2014 Best Illusion of ... The Ebbinghaus illusion or Titchener circles is an optical illusion of relative size perception. Named for its discoverer, the ...
The distance between the circles causes them to be perceived as separate and contrasting. The larger-circumference ring dwarfs ... The perception of the Delboeuf illusion differs greatly depending on the species. Parrish & Beran (2014) found that chimpanzees ... The Delboeuf illusion is an optical illusion of relative size perception: In the best-known version of the illusion, two discs ... Roberts B, Harris MG, Yates TA (2005). "The roles of inducer size and distance in the Ebbinghaus illusion (Titchener circles ...
Glossary of machine vision
Depth perception allows the beholder to accurately gauge the distance to an object. Diaphragm. In optics, a diaphragm is a thin ... C-Mount lenses have a back focal distance 17.5 mm vs. 12.5 mm for "CS-mount" lenses. A C-Mount lens can be used on a CS-Mount ... The perception of the frequency (or wavelength) of light, and can be compared to how pitch (or a musical note) is the ... Depth perception. DP is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions. It is a trait common to many higher ...
Tronick, Edward; Hershenson, Maurice (1979-02-01). "Size-distance perception in preschool children". Journal of Experimental ... He also found that the illusion is strongest when the segments are horizontal and that the ideal distance is just above each ... He also looked at whether the distance between the two shapes, or whether they are horizontally or vertically influences the ... Maniatis, Lydia M. (2008-11-01). "The Leaning Tower Illusion is Not a Simple Perspective Illusion". Perception. 37 (11): 1769- ...
For the average interocular distance of 6.5 cm, a target distance of 6m and a typical stereoacuity of 0.5 minute of arc, the ... "Perception of Depth". The Organization of the Retina and Visual System. Retrieved 9 April 2012. Coutant BE(1993) Population ... As targets come closer, this interval gets smaller by the inverse square of the distance, so that an equivalent detectable ... These very small values of normal stereoacuity, expressed in differences of either object distances, or angle of disparity, ...
Soal, S. G. (1932). Experiments in supernormal perception at a distance. Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research, 40 ...
Richard H. Bernstein
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Israman - Israel Long Distance Triathlon". Israman Triathlon. Archived from the ... shifts gears and perceptions". The Jewish Week. Retrieved September 23, 2011. ...
... perceptions of social support; low perceived demands (e.g., on academic or vocational performance); short perceived distance ... the perception of which "reflects the fundamental human need for competence" (Skinner, 1995, p. 8). This is particularly ... great perceived distance from home Personality factors: Insecure attachment relationship with primary caregivers; low perceived ... relevant to coping, because people's choice of how to respond to a stressor hinges partly on their perception of a stressor's ...
Perception,36:1214-1228. Ross H E, Plug C. (2002) The mystery of the moon illusion: Exploring size perception. Oxford: Oxford ... It is unclear whether Emmert intended the increase in distance to refer to an increase in physical distance or an increase in ... Some authors thus take Emmert's law to refer strictly to the increase in the apparent size of an after-image when the distance ... It appears to grow in size when projected to a further distance. However, the increase in perceived size is much less than ...
As the distance from the cameras increases, the disparity decreases. This allows for depth perception in stereo images. Using ... One case that disparity is most useful is for depth/distance calculation. Disparity and distance from the cameras are inversely ... The variable distance between these cameras, called the baseline, can affect the disparity of a specific point on their ... A similar disparity can be used in rangefinding by a coincidence rangefinder to determine distance and/or altitude to a target ...
Sergent, J (1986). "Microgenesis of face perception". Aspects of Face Perception. 28: 17-33. doi:10.1007/978-94-009-4420-6_2. ... Sergent, J (1991). "Judgments of relative position and distance on representations of spatial relations". Journal of ... Sergent, J. (1987). Information processing and laterality effects for object and face perception. In G. W. Humphreys, & M. J. ... Sergent, J. (1988). Face perception and the right hemisphere. In L. Weiskrantz (Ed.), Thought without language (Oxford ...
Norman's research has encompassed a variety of topics in human perception, particularly the perception of distance, spatial ... The visual perception of distance ratios outdoors. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79, 1195-1203. doi: 10.3758/s13414- ... Aging and the visual perception of exocentric distance. Vision Research, 109, 52-58. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2015.02.007. Norman ... The visual perception of exocentric distance in outdoor settings. Vision Research, 117, 100-104. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2015.10. ...
The effect of object familiarity on the perception of size and distance. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 21 Held ... For distances substantially less than the hyperfocal distance, the DoF is given by T ≈ 2Nc (m + 1) / m 2, where N is the lens f ... ISBN 0-240-51574-9 Vishwanath, Dhanraj; Erik Blaser (August 25, 2010). "Retinal blur and the perception of egocentric distance ... Objects at the same distance from the camera are rendered equally sharp. Objects at significantly different distances from the ...
Stardust the Super Wizard
Extrasensory Perception. Stardust has been able to sense danger and perceive events over great distances. Artificial lungs. ... There does not seem to be a limit to the distance over which an object can be flashed. However, Stardust has never used his ... Superhuman speed and accelerated perception. Stardust once delivered a well-timed uppercut while traveling at 300,000 miles per ...
"Perception's shadow: long-distance synchronization of human brain activity". Nature. 397 (6718): 430-433. Bibcode:1999Natur.397 ... in order to emphasize the role of the PFC and further distance this type of voluntary imagination from other types of ... "Oscillatory Synchronization in Large-Scale Cortical Networks Predicts Perception". Neuron. 69 (2): 387-396. doi:10.1016/j. ...
Embodied cognitive science
Depth perception requires that the brain detect the disparate retinal images obtained by the distance of the two eyes. In ... A more poignant example exists through examining auditory perception. Generally speaking the greater the distance between the ... This is because the distance between the ears for example does not need symbols to represent it. The distance itself creates ... Depth perception for instance can be better explained under the embodied approach due to the sheer complexity of the action. ...
Using kinetic depth perception enables the brain to calculate time-to-crash (aka time-to-collision or time-to-contact - TTC) at ... As objects in motion become smaller, they appear to recede into the distance; objects in motion that appear to be getting ... By using the eyes in this way the field of view is increased, while depth perception is limited. The eyes of an animal with ... The colors of distant objects are also shifted toward the blue end of the spectrum (e.g., distance mountains). Some painters, ...
Long distance perception occurs with a binocular field accommodation. In order to maintain focus on a certain object while ... The Japanese quail has also been shown to possess color vision, its perception of color being greater than that of form or ...
When two tones have similar acoustic spectra (sets of partials), the interval is just the distance of the shift of a tone ... ISBN 978-3-540-57394-4. Tanguiane (Tangian), Andranick (1994). "A principle of correlativity of perception and its application ... If frequency is expressed in a logarithmic scale, and along that scale the distance between a given frequency and its double ( ... David Lewin's Generalized Musical Intervals and Transformations uses interval as a generic measure of distance between time ...
However, sensory and perception systems can be tricked by the use of illusions. Size constancy is related to distance, ... Distance constancy refers to the relationship between apparent distance and physical distance. An illusion example of this ... Comparing perception abilities in schizophrenic patients - A study found that distance constancy, being closely related to size ... Shape constancy is similar to size constancy in that it relies largely on the perception of distance. Regardless of changes to ...
João Lobo Antunes - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
The estimation of distance between two points. Perception and Psychophysics 32:529-536, 1982 ... The perception of temporal order. Perception and Psychophysics 32:537-541, 1982 ... Perception and Psychophysics. 32:524-528, 1982. *Marks, L.E., Girvin, J.P., Quest, D.O., Antunes, J.L., Ning, P., O'Keefe., M.D ...
A Natural History of the Senses
"What is most amazing is not how our senses span distance or cultures, but how they span time. Our senses connect us intimately ... "An Athlete of Perception". The New York Times. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Goodman, Walter (February 18, 1995). " ...
... s have very good eyesight for reptiles, letting them see small insects from a 5-10 meter distance. In ... Prey is located using monocular depth perception, not stereopsis. ... Thus, smaller chameleons are able to project their tongues greater distances than the larger chameleons that are the subject of ... Exciting the lattice increases the distance between the nanocrystals, and the skin reflects longer wavelengths of light. Thus, ...
Alice in Wonderland syndrome
Further, depth perception can be altered whereby perceived distances are incorrect. For example, a corridor may appear to be ... AIWS affects the sense of vision, sensation, touch, and hearing, as well as the perception of one's own body image. Migraines, ... In addition, they had altered sense of time and touch, as well as distorted perceptions of their own body. Despite having ... Sufferers of Alice in Wonderland syndrome can also often experience paranoia as a result of disturbances in sound perception. ...
These results show the ability of internal states to affect perception of physical distance moved, which illustrates the ... Internal states can affect distance perception, which relates to embodied cognition. Researchers randomly assigned college ... The function of the mind is to guide action and things such as perception and memory must be understood in terms of their ... Then, infants learn to crawl, which enables them to seek out objects beyond reaching distance, but also to learn about basic ...
James A. Simmons
Simmons's dissertation was entitled "Perception of target distance by echolocating bats. After receiving his Ph.D., Simmons ... its cue for target distance. In addition to Simmons's contributions to our understanding of perception by sonar, he has ... At that time, acceptance of the processes underlying spatial perception by echolocation was not universal, and one of the ... This result, originally published in 1979 in Science, "Perception of echo phase information in bat sonar, demonstrated ...
This book is an instance of Anthropology at a Distance. Study of a culture through its literature, through newspaper clippings ... Writing was her outlet, and she wrote with an insightful perception about the realities of life. For example, in her senior ... anthropologists made use of the cultural materials to produce studies at a distance. They were attempting to understand the ...
Liquefied natural gas
But this perception of steadily falling costs for LNG has been dashed in the last several years. ... Liquefied natural gas is used to transport natural gas over long distances, often by sea. In most cases, LNG terminals are ... Longer pipelines, which allow vessels to offload LNG at a greater distance from port facilities are under development. This ... up 20 LNG stations on highways along the Indian west coast that connect Delhi with Thiruvananthapuram covering a total distance ...
where R is the distance to the particle and θ is the scattering angle. Averaging this over all angles gives the Rayleigh ... because at low light levels human vision comes mainly from rod cells that do not produce any color perception (Purkinje effect ...
... reports in the popular press after smoking bans have been enacted often present conflicting accounts as regards perceptions of ... that have restricted smoking in enclosed public places have extended provisions to cover areas within a fixed distance of ...
... perception, anatomy, statistics, physics and research methods) or an additional preparatory year prior to entry into the ... Distance Au.D. Programs:. *A.T. Still University through Arizona School of Health Sciences ...
Human perception of the odor may be contrasted by a non-human animal's perception of it; for example, an animal who eats feces ... Many organisms feed on feces, from bacteria to fungi to insects such as dung beetles, who can sense odors from long distances.[ ...
"Perception. 42 (6): 672-674. doi:10.1068/p7488. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014.. ... He also saw Vitruvius' manner of distorting proportions in order to compensate for distance from the eye as responsible for ... because the glory of this painter is closely tied to the evolution of our new perceptions on art". Jackson Pollock, a ... and that his catalogue decisions may have distorted the perception of the whole nature of El Greco's origins, development and ...
Bengal famine of 1943
In January 1942, Punjab banned exports of wheat;[AD] this increased the perception of food insecurity and led the enclave ... often over long distances by travelling ticketless on the railways;... [and they] take shelter in the protection of a rural ... Agarwal, Bina (2008). "Engaging Sen on gender relations: Cooperative conflicts, false perceptions and relative capabilities". ...
Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development
sensorimotor structures from 1 to 18 months of age (i.e., perceptions and actions such as seeing and grasping); ... recursively in such a way that goals and subgoals may be renewed according to the online evaluation of the system's distance ... Then it is the sensorimotor tier, which operates on perceptions and actions. ...
The vision is typically adapted to daylight conditions, with color vision and more advanced visual depth perception than in ... It is generally assumed that reptiles are unable to produce the sustained high energy output necessary for long distance chases ... some will rush or swim toward the threat from a distance, even chasing the opponent onto land or galloping after it. The ...
the distance between the middle of two dark zones, which is also the distance between two pale zones, is ... The essence of the moiré effect is the (mainly visual) perception of a distinctly different third pattern which is caused by ... Since the sine function is cyclic over argument changes of 2π, the distance increment Δx per intensity cycle (the wavelength) ... If we look from a far distance, we have the feeling of pale zones when the lines are superimposed (there is white between the ...
In this instance, H. habilis would have had longer, humanlike legs and have been effective long-distance travellers as is ... Ingold, T. (2000). "Building, dwelling, living: how animals and people make themselves at home in the world". The Perception of ... However, the interpretation of H. habilis as a small-statured human with inefficient long distance travel capabilities has been ... Nonetheless, the proposed food-gathering models to explain large brain growth necessitate increased daily travel distance. ...
The two common perception of Life and Reality Sri Aurobindo finds that there are two extreme views of life, the materialists ... There is a subtle physical also with a subtler consciousness in it which can, for instance, go to a distance from the body and ... this sense has an assertion on truth perception, giving distorted view. To recognise that we are only a partial movement of ...
Bhumibol distanced himself from the Thai military after Thanom's fall. Political events in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos brought ... This accomplishment was all the more remarkable given Bhumibol's lack of binocular depth perception. On 19 April 1966, Bhumibol ...
The criteria for invasive species has been controversial, as widely divergent perceptions exist among researchers as well as ... Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, performed many experiments to better understand long distance seed dispersal, and was ... or because their distance from colonizing species populations makes them more likely to have "open" niches. An example of ... all of which may have traveled significant distances under their own power, or be blown off course by thousands of miles. ...
No light perception : is considered total visual impairment, or total blindness. Blindness is defined by the World Health ... Low vision applies to all individuals with sight who are unable to read the newspaper at a normal viewing distance, even with ... The rest have some vision, from light perception alone to relatively good acuity. Low vision is sometimes used to describe ... Primarily, this is by use of magnification in the form of telescopic systems for distance vision and optical or electronic ...
It also had a narrower lower jaw and smaller nose-to-mouth, and nose-to-chin distances than the average face. Since the same ... Faces are an important class of visual stimuli for humans, and the perception of "faceness" is a critical part of social ... All were head shots of the same person with different distances from eyes to mouth or between the eyes. She was at her most ... The other perfect dimension was when the distance between her eyes and mouth was just over a third, or 36 per cent, of the ...
Alcohol exaggerates the drinker's perception of the world around him. The drinker's response to this exaggerated world ... Long-distance race involving alcohol. *List of countries by alcohol consumption per capita *Alcohol consumption by youth in the ...
PerceptionEdit. The human perception of the intensity of sound and light approximates the logarithm of intensity rather than a ... are often expressed as a fraction or ratio to distance of transmission. dB/m represents decibel per meter, dB/mi represents ... Sensation and Perception, p. 268, at Google Books *^ Introduction to Understandable Physics, Volume 2, p. SA19-PA9, at Google ... Visual Perception: Physiology, Psychology, and Ecology, p. 356, at Google Books *^ Exercise Psychology, p. 407, at Google Books ...
With current subsidies, ethanol fuel is slightly cheaper per distance traveled in the United States. ... driven by the perception that they reduce climate gas emissions, and also by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for ...
Their blue perception, however, also has UV receptors, allowing them to see ultraviolet lights that some species cannot. ... Isolated islands are also able to eliminate rat populations because of low human population density and the geographic distance ... and there are indications that the parasite has evolved to alter an infected rat's perception to cat predation, making it more ...
Referred pain: Conscious perception of visceral sensations map to specific regions of the body, as shown in this chart. Some ... T8 - Intersection of the midclavicular line and the horizontal level at one half the distance between the level of the xiphoid ... T9 - Intersection of the midclavicular line and the horizontal level at three quarters of the distance between the level of the ... T7 - Intersection of the midclavicular line and the horizontal level at one quarter the distance between the level of the ...
Artificial cardiac pacemaker
... striking from a distance of 20 - 30 cm to induce a ventricular beat (the British Journal of Anaesthesia suggests this must be ... hiatus in publication of research conducted between the early 1930s and World War II may be attributed to the public perception ...
... examined how one has their own latitudes of perception of their ideas and that may be opposing to others' point ... psychologists need to do the same according to Sherif rather than standing at a far distance. ... The topic of the dissertation was social influence in perception, and the experiments have come to be known as the "autokinetic ... Sherif's dissertation was titled "Some Social Factors In Perception", and the ideas and research were the basis for his first ...
measured "excess path length," specifically focusing on the excess distance traveled on the first delivery of the second map in ... Gillner S, Mallot H (2000). "The role of global and local landmarks in virtual environment navigation". Perception. 9 (1): 69- ... Stark, M; Coslett, HB; Saffran, EM (1996). Impairment of an egocentric map of locations: implications for perception and action ... Axial lines aid everyone in apportioning our perceptions into regions. This parceled world idea is further supported items by ...
List of atheists in science and technology
He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure and for being one of the members of the first ... Ewald Hering (1834-1918): German physiologist who did much research into color vision, binocular perception and eye movements. ... and for discussions of the role of faith in the anthropologist's own perceptions. He tended to feel a sort of good-natured ...
In summer, apart from hiking, cycling is well catered for on the numerous long-distance cycling routes such as the Volcano ... From this point, three nature trails have been set up, covering in the fields of geology, nature and sensory perception. ...
Considerations about the causal theory of perception persuade him to place the percept into the percipients brain. And the ... Sperry is at pains to distance the model he originally developed (so he argues) from the scandalously high profile supernatural ... Perceptual contact with external objects becomes as indirect and as inferential as in the representative theories of perception ... visual perception of color); it doesn't show that whatever contains these intramental processes is nonphysical. ...
In psychology, grounded theory is used to understand the role of therapeutic distance for adult clients with attachment anxiety ... "the interrelationship between meaning in the perception of the subjects and their action". Therefore, through the meaning of ... as the domain of experiences and perceptions. ...
AES E-Library » Auditory Distance Perception in Different Rooms
The results show that in normal rooms the sound is perceived at about the same distance as the physical distance, regardless of ... In the anechoic room there is no correspondence between physical and perceived distance. ... A number of listening experiments have been made to investigate how auditory distance is perceived in different rooms: an ... The results show that in normal rooms the sound is perceived at about the same distance as the physical distance, regardless of ...
Introduction: Distance, narrative,and perception - Oxford Scholarship
There are three parts; the first examines the question of Chinas distance from Britain, both geographically and in terms of ... Introduction: Distance, narrative,and perception. Chapter:. (p.1) Introduction: Distance, narrative,and perception. Source:. ... There are three parts; the first examines the question of Chinas distance from Britain, both geographically and in terms of ...
Social discounting and distance perceptions in costly altruism | Nature Human Behaviour
Here, we considered two related proximal mechanisms-social discounting (valuational) and social distancing (perceptual)-that ... rather than a misconception of the social distance of strangers. ... could not be accounted for by variation in social distancing. ... Vekaria, K., Brethel-Haurwitz, K., Cardinale, E. et al. Social discounting and distance perceptions in costly altruism. Nat Hum ... Social discounting and distance perceptions in costly altruism. *Kruti M. Vekaria. 1, ...
Laser measurements reveal biological basis of distance perception
"All these peculiar perceptions reflect the probabilistic structure of the environment with respect to the distance from us of ... These distance data were fed into a computer to analyze the distance to the multitude of points in the scenes. Their purpose ... the statistical analyses of the scenes match the known influence on distance estimation of such parameters as the distance away ... "You see distances in this way because reflected light from points in space that project onto your retina is completely ...
Closing the Gap: How Desire Affects Perceptions of Distance - Scientific American
When we judge distance, desired objects seem nearer ... Closing the Gap: How Desire Affects Perceptions of Distance. ... This article was originally published with the title "Closing the Gap: How Desire Affects Perceptions of Distance" in SA Mind ... This difference in perception showed up in a physical challenge, too. People tossing a beanbag at a $25 gift card were, on ... This error in perception was actually an advantage, leading people to get what they needed-and, perhaps, survive more often ...
AES E-Library » Distance Perception Based on the Spectra of the Spoken Voice
Special interest has been given to listeners distance perception when comparing different spectra adjusted to the same level ... One conclusion is that in some cases it is possible to detect the distance by the spectrum of the voice presented. ... the spectrum changes with distance and direction. This paper presents the results of experiments on the audibility of these ... Special interest has been given to listeners distance perception when comparing different spectra adjusted to the same level ...
Perception-Based Visualization of Manifold-Valued Medical Images Using Distance-Preserving Dimensionality Reduction - IEEE...
Coordinate grids (7 distance learning worksheets for Visual perception)
THE VISUAL PERCEPTION OF SIZE AND DISTANCE
It is asserted that perceived relative size and distance are the primary psychological phenomena, with perceived absolute ... The perception of absolute distance has been assumed to be important in the perception of the size of objects and the depth ... distance derived from the perceptual summing of perceived relative depths. In agreement with this point-of-view, it is stressed ... states that the apparent size or position of any object in the field-of-view is determined by whatever size or distance cues ...
CiNii Articles - Effects of Spatial Distance Perception on Social Distance, Focusing on Out-group Differences
Frontiers | The close proximity of threat: altered distance perception in the anticipation of pain | Psychology
... has on the visual perception of space. 18 (11F) healthy volunteers estimated the distance to alternating THREAT and RELIEF ... The results determined that the estimated distance to the THREAT stimulus was significantly underestimated in comparison to the ... 18 (11F) healthy volunteers estimated the distance to alternating THREAT and RELIEF stimuli that were placed within reachable ... The results determined that the estimated distance to the THREAT stimulus was significantly underestimated in comparison to the ...
ARL-RP-464 - Effects of Amplitude Compression on Relative Auditory Distance Perception | U.S. Army Research Laboratory
... the low level of compression affected perception greater at the 6.5 ft distance than at the 16.5 ft distance. ... The focus of the present study was to investigate the effect of amplitude compression on relative auditory distance perception ... For the pink noise, the effect of compression was greater for the 6.5 ft distance than the 16.5 ft distance. For the dog bark ... The dependent variable was the smallest average separation in distance across 3-5 runs. A 3-factor Analysis of Variance showed ...
How perception of ultra-high definition is modified by viewing distance and screen size | (2015) | Lachat | Publications | Spie
How perception of ultra-high definition is modified by viewing distance and screen size Author(s): Amélie Lachat; Jean-Charles ... size influences the perception of quality but not in the same way for the three image resolution and three viewing distances. ... Ultra High Definition (UHD) is a new technology, which main idea is to improve users perception of details and sensation of ... Hence, to investigate the influence of the viewing distance, screen size and scene content on perceived video quality and ...
Adjusting the Tests According to the Perception of Greek Students Who Are Taught Russian Motion Verbs via Distance Learning -...
In a distance learning context, such problems arise for the teacher who needs to personalize the educational material for ... study focuses on the personalization of the educational material for Greek students learning the Russian language in a distance ... Adjusting the Tests According to the Perception of Greek Students Who Are Taught Russian Motion Verbs via Distance Learning ... Adjusting the Tests According to the Perception of Greek Students Who Are Taught Russian Motion Verbs via Distance Learning. ...
"Stereoscopic perception of real depths at large distances" by Stephen Palmisano, Barbara Gillam et al.
We measured perceptions of depth magnitude at distances where it is frequently reported without evidence that stereopsis is non ... We also ran control experiments at smaller distances, which showed that estimates of depth and distance correlate poorly and ... We adapted methods pioneered at distances up to 9 m by R. S. Allison, B. J. Gillam, and E. Vecellio (2009) for use in a 381-m- ... Since these observation distances were well beyond the range of vertical disparity and oculomotor cues, this scaling must rely ...
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON RELATIVITY, ERROR AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE PERCEPTION OF VELOCITY, TIME AND DISTANCE.
... it was found empirically that subjective velocity of and subjective distance (space) covered by a moving object are also ... Proceeding from the principle of relativity in perception, ... ERROR AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE PERCEPTION OF VELOCITY, TIME ... Descriptors : (*SPACE PERCEPTION, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY), (*PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), TIME), (*VISUAL PERCEPTION, VELOCITY), ERRORS, ... Abstract : Proceeding from the principle of relativity in perception, it was found empirically that subjective velocity of and ...
ERIC - Analysis of Student Field Dependent Status, Attitude toward the Technology Medium, and Perception of Interaction in a...
FD individuals rely upon the environment around them to develop their personal identity in the distance education classroom. In ... Research indicates that field independent (FI) individuals are more successful in distance education settings than field ... while student attitude toward the technology medium and student perception of interaction are both dependent variables. A ... and Perception of Interaction in a Distance Education Setting: Implications for Improving the Quality of Distance Education. ...
Investigations into Velocity and Distance Perception Based on Different Types of Moving Sound Sources with Respect to Auditory...
2. Distance and Velocity Perception. In the following section a brief overview on the distance and velocity perception of ... accuracy of distance judgments in distance perception. Moreover, listeners tend to underestimate the true sound source distance ... Experiment 2 - Distance Perception. This experiment investigates the way in which the distances of objects passing a listener ... The second experiment examines how distance perception coincides with the true distance for the situation, that is, when the ...
"Eye contact perception at distances up to six meters" by Daniel L. Scarl
However, the results of past experiments, which used distances of no more than about 3 m, have implied that this cannot be done ... cues to Receiver account for recognition at longer distances. The hypotheses of the present experiment are that FGs can be ... and that this happens because as features of Senders lower face fall within Receivers central vision at longer distances, ... Scarl, Daniel L., "Eye contact perception at distances up to six meters" (1985). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 3693. https:// ...
Rectus muscle | anatomy | Britannica.com
space perception | Britannica.com
space perception: Process through which humans and other organisms become aware of the relative positions of their own bodies ... Space perception provides cues, such as depth and distance, that are important for movement and orientation to the environment. ... Such perception is called veridical perception-the direct perception of stimuli as they exist. Without some degree of ... The perception of depth and distance depends on information transmitted through various sense organs. Sensory cues indicate the ...
Search - NASA Spitzer Space Telescope
Climbing the Cosmic Distance Ladder. Astronomers using NASAs Spitzer Space Telescope have greatly improved the cosmic distance ... Depth Perception in Space. This artists concept shows how astronomers use the unique orbit of NASAs Spitzer Space Telescope ... My Long-Distance Relationship With Spitzer. Feb 13 2020. From Happy Developer to Good Manager: A software programmer learns to ... Distance to Dark Bodies. Using the unique orbit of NASAs Spitzer Space Telescope and a depth-perceiving trick called parallax ...
Correlation between depth perception by three-rods test and stereoacuity by distance randot stereotest - Fingerprint -...
'Textile muscle' touches you from a...
Textile muscle touches you from a distance. See News. Textile muscle touches you from a distance Interwoven and comfortable ... Together with research in the perception of textile touch on the skin, these researchers will be able to lay the foundation for ... "Even at a large distance, wearing this garment, you can feel social proximity thanks to the touch. It would be great if we can ... From textile technology to human perception. It all starts with designing yarn that is electroactive. That will be done at ...
Customer perception of brands changes after cyber attacks - IT Governance UK Blog
Business partners distance themselves, too. Customers are not alone in distancing themselves from a breached organisation. ... Customer perception of brands changes after cyber attacks. Marika Samarati 2nd November 2016 ... Perceptions of brands change once news of a cyber attack leaks out. According to the research, 78% of consumers said their ... How do customer perceptions change when brands are hit by cyber attacks? Research agency Opinium surveyed more than 3,000 ...
Physical distancing and the perception of interpersonal distance in the COVID-19 crisis. | Sci Rep;11(1): 11485, 2021 06 01. ...
Physical distancing and the perception of interpersonal distance in the COVID-19 crisis. ... Physical distancing and the perception of interpersonal distance in the COVID-19 crisis. ... In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, it has been mandated to keep enlarged distances from others. We interviewed 136 German ... In response to the pandemic, subjects adapted to distance requirements and preferred a larger IPD. This enlarged IPD was judged ...
OSA | Statistical quantification of the effects of viewing distance on texture perception
However, numerical analysis of the effect of viewing distance on human texture perception and how the perception of global and ... distance and human texture perception as well as to cognitive investigation of biases in global and local perceptions. ... Statistical quantification of the effects of viewing distance on texture perception Liang Li, Akira Asano, Chie Muraki Asano, ... "Statistical quantification of the effects of viewing distance on texture perception," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 1394-1403 (2013) ...
Frontiers | How our body influences our perception of the world | Psychology
... including but not limited to body perception). First we show that body orientation effects visual distance perception and ... including but not limited to body perception). First we show that body orientation effects visual distance perception and ... and perceptions of the world and the body. We provide several examples of how the body affects perception ( ... and perceptions of the world and the body. We provide several examples of how the body affects perception ( ...
The Evaluation of Students Perceptions of Distance Education - PDF
The Evaluation of Students Perceptions of Distance Education Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aytekin İŞMAN - Eastern Mediterranean University ... Introduction In order to conclude the perceptions of students toward distance education, it s necessary to know what distance ... TRANSACTIONAL DISTANCE AND AUTONOMY IN A DISTANCE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT European Journal of Open, Distance and e-learning Vol. ... For this reason, distance educators should choose appropriate content for their distance education system. Second, distance ...
PerceptualCues2019CognitionPsychophysicsAuditoryPhysicalEstimationAbstractHuman perceptionMotion2020InfluencesStimulusExperimentsDepthsPurvesBinocularInterpersonalPsychologicalDifferentlyMeasurementsCoronavirusSensationSpeech perceptionInfluenceDepthSocialBehavior2017ResearchersProcessesContextApproach to perceptionPracticeObjectiveEstimatesSensoryConscious perceptionVisionBiasStimuliSpaceObjectsMainBrainStatisticalObservationStudentsEffectsHapticRepresentationsSizeEnvironmentsResearchInstructors
- Here, we considered two related proximal mechanisms-social discounting (valuational) and social distancing (perceptual)-that have been proposed to explain why costly help is preferentially given to close others. (nature.com)
- It is asserted that perceived relative size and distance are the primary psychological phenomena, with perceived absolute distance derived from the perceptual summing of perceived relative depths. (dtic.mil)
- Motion perception as a model for perceptual aging. (uni-giessen.de)
- Another perceptual distortion is the so-called third-person perception, which is people's perception that mass media influence others more strongly than themselves (Davison, 1983). (thefreelibrary.com)
- This principle states that the apparent size or position of any object in the field-of-view is determined by whatever size or distance cues occur between it and adjacent objects. (dtic.mil)
- Since these observation distances were well beyond the range of vertical disparity and oculomotor cues, this scaling must rely on perspective cues. (edu.au)
- Thus, investigations of the relevant cues for velocity and distance perception of moving sound sources are not only of interest for the psychoacoustic community, but also for several applications, like e.g. virtual reality, noise pollution and safety aspects of road traffic. (jvrb.org)
- Furthermore, it could be shown that binaural cues contribute significantly to the perception of velocity. (jvrb.org)
- It has been suggested that in everyday experience eye contact is accompanied by cues other than iris position, and that these non-iris-position (NIP) cues to Receiver account for recognition at longer distances. (pdx.edu)
- The hypotheses of the present experiment are that FGs can be identified at considerably more than 3 m, without NIP cues: and that this happens because as features of Sender's lower face fall within Receiver's central vision at longer distances, Receiver is able to use them for triangulating the position of Sender's irises. (pdx.edu)
- If you have clicked on the word perspective already, you will have noted that if objects of constant size are placed in an environment where there are strong perspective cues these objects can appear larger at greater distances. (yorku.ca)
- The outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019( COVID-19 ) necessitated an abrupt transition from on campus, face -to- face sessions to online, distance learning in higher education institutions. (bvsalud.org)
- The core features of hallucinogens include their being empathogenic and being able to induce alterations of consciousness, cognition, emotions, and perception. (mdpi.com)
- citation needed] Active inference - a generic formulation of embodied perception based on variational (Bayesian) free energy minimisation Active vision - an area of computer vision and machine learning concerned with active sampling of sensory data Affordance Ecological psychology James J. Gibson Motor cognition - the notion that cognition is embodied in action, and that the motor system participates in what is usually considered as mental processing. (wikipedia.org)
- A number of listening experiments have been made to investigate how auditory distance is perceived in different rooms: an anechoic room, an IEC listening room, and a classroom. (aes.org)
- Military C&HPS use amplitude compression to provide protection and prevent distortion which has the potential to affect relative auditory distance perception by reducing the level differences between sounds. (army.mil)
- The focus of the present study was to investigate the effect of amplitude compression on relative auditory distance perception. (army.mil)
- and how auditory perception arises, including for speech and music. (open.ac.uk)
- Auditory Pattern Perception 12. (indigo.ca)
- The results show that in normal rooms the sound is perceived at about the same distance as the physical distance, regardless of the playback level. (aes.org)
- In the anechoic room there is no correspondence between physical and perceived distance. (aes.org)
- This difference in perception showed up in a physical challenge, too. (scientificamerican.com)
- Physical distancing and the perception of interpersonal distance in the COVID-19 crisis. (bvsalud.org)
- Distance Education refers interactive, educational process between two people, student and teacher, separated by physical distance (Harry, et al. (educationdocbox.com)
- Similarly, he said, the statistical analyses of the scenes match the known influence on distance estimation of such parameters as the distance away of two objects in a scene, of the distance of objects at eye-level, at various angles of declination, and of objects separated from the observer by intervening ground structures. (innovations-report.com)
- We also ran control experiments at smaller distances, which showed that estimates of depth and distance correlate poorly and that our metric estimation method gives similar results to a comparison method under the same conditions. (edu.au)
- The characteristics of moving sound sources have strong implications on the listener's distance perception and the estimation of velocity. (jvrb.org)
- Inspired by the abilities of both the praying mantis and the pigeon to judge distance by use of motion-based visually mediated odometry, we create miniature models for depth estimation that are similar to the head movements of these animals. (springer.com)
- 1 The Evaluation of Students Perceptions of Distance Education Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aytekin İŞMAN - Eastern Mediterranean University Senior Instructor Fahme DABAJ - Eastern Mediterranean University Research Assistant Zehra ALTINAY - Eastern Mediterranean University Research Assistant Fahriye ALTINAY - Eastern Mediterranean University Abstract Distance Education provides the technological improvement effect on education. (educationdocbox.com)
- Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 36, 1153-1160. (wikipedia.org)
- As the technology has improved, researchers have started to use such environments to test human perception in new ways. (medicalxpress.com)
- This experiment demonstrated that human perception is tied very closely with not only perceived body size, but the form of the body inhabited. (medicalxpress.com)
- Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43 (6), 1238-1248. (uni-giessen.de)
- In their past research on the perception of the geometry, color, brightness and motion, Purves and his colleagues have accumulated evidence that visual processing is not the result of logical calculations about the image that falls on the retina of the eye as such. (innovations-report.com)
- This motion in the first case is reminiscent of a praying mantis peering its head left and right, apparently to obtain depth perception, hence the moniker "mantis head camera. (springer.com)
- In the second case this motion is reminiscent of a pigeon bobbing its head back and forth, also apparently to obtain depth perception, hence the moniker "pigeon head camera. (springer.com)
- Head-bobbing during walking, running and flying: Relative motion perception in the pigeon. (springer.com)
- Form and motion have independent access to conscious perception. (google.com)
- He also studied problems of aviation, traffic safety, motion sickness, postural instability (especially during stair descent), and the effects of stress on perception. (wikipedia.org)
- We recently discovered a new formula for visual depth perception from motion parallax. (wolfram.com)
- Neurological work by J. W. Nadler, D. E. Angelaki, and G. C. DeAngelis in 'A Neural Representation of Depth from Motion Parallax in Macaque Visual Cortex' ( Nature , 452 (7187), 2008 pp. 642-645) suggests that an extra-retinal signal is needed for depth perception. (wolfram.com)
- The Demonstration ' Motion, Pursuit, Fixate and Distractor (Visual Depth Perception 2) ' plots the values of retinal motion and smooth eye pursuit for your choice of fixate and distractor in this basic one-dimensional setting. (wolfram.com)
- The Demonstrations ' Motion/Pursuit Law in 2D (Visual Depth Perception 3) ' and ' Motion/Pursuit Law on Invariant Circles (Visual Depth Perception 4) ' allow you to do computations with the 2D formula. (wolfram.com)
- We interviewed 136 German subjects over five weeks from the end of March to the end of April 2020 during the first wave of infections about their preferred interpersonal distance (IPD) before, during, and after the COVID-19 pandemic. (bvsalud.org)
- Screen size influences the perception of quality but not in the same way for the three image resolution and three viewing distances. (spie.org)
- The result on learner perception of content show that 80% of the respondents agreed that content influences their participation in distance learning. (ac.ke)
- Results on influence of design on learner participation reveals that 83.1% of the respondents agreed that design of study units influences their participation in distance learning. (ac.ke)
- while the perceiver's ability to perform the intended action influences perception, the perceiver's abilities for unintended actions have little or no effect on perception. (wikipedia.org)
- The results determined that the estimated distance to the THREAT stimulus was significantly underestimated in comparison to the RELIEF stimulus. (frontiersin.org)
- Data were collected in 12 conditions based on combinations of three independent variables: reference distance (6.5 ft, 16.5 ft), stimulus (pink noise, dog bark) and compression (none (linear), low, high). (army.mil)
- For the dog bark stimulus, the low level of compression affected perception greater at the 6.5 ft distance than at the 16.5 ft distance. (army.mil)
- Hence, to investigate the influence of the viewing distance, screen size and scene content on perceived video quality and feelings of users, a series of subjective experiments with four different contents (3 documentaries and 1 sport content) shooted by UHD camera were performed. (spie.org)
- The results of these psychoacoustic experiments show that the estimated velocity is strongly linked to the object's distance. (jvrb.org)
- However, the results of past experiments, which used distances of no more than about 3 m, have implied that this cannot be done if the person looked at (Receiver) judges only by the iris-sclera configuration of the person looking (Sender). (pdx.edu)
- All the characteristics of the visual world that we take for granted -- for example the diminution of size with distance -- are a result of perception," said Purves. (innovations-report.com)
- In the "Nature Neuroscience" paper, Yang and Purves described how they used a laser range-finder -- which scans a scene and automatically records data about the distance to each of millions of point in a scene -- to scan about a hundred real scenes in the Duke Forest, on the Duke campus and inside campus buildings. (innovations-report.com)
- Other tendencies explored by Yang and Purves include the influence on distance estimates of objects due to eye-level, angle of sight and intervening ground surface structure, such as dips or humps. (innovations-report.com)
- Researchers have known about these odd aspects of estimated distance for decades, but haven t found a good explanation for them," said Purves. (innovations-report.com)
- This evidence shows, for example, that our tendency to judge the distance of objects as being two to four meters away arises because that s really the average distance of surfaces when you use a laser to measure the actual distances of everything in a scene," said Purves. (innovations-report.com)
- What we found so extraordinary is that the rationale for this whole set of basic distance judgment phenomena simply falls out of the measured distances that typically exist in the environment," said Purves. (innovations-report.com)
- Binocular estimates of depth were much larger with a lit foreground than in darkness and increased as the observation distance increased from 20 to 40 m, indicating that binocular disparity can be scaled for much larger distances than previously realized. (edu.au)
- IPD is also used to describe the distance between the exit pupils or optical axes of a binocular optical system. (wikipedia.org)
- My central research interest is binocular vision and the perception of 3D stereo depth. (ncl.ac.uk)
- Interaction between binocular rivalry and stereopsis causes an intermittent loss of 3D perception. (google.com)
- Neural network models for color and brightness perception and binocular rivalry. (google.com)
- This paper describes an experimental study that investigated how interpersonal distance varied depending on situational factors, as well as postures and gender. (hcibib.org)
- Action-specific perception, or perception-action, is a psychological theory that people perceive their environment and events within it in terms of their ability to act. (wikipedia.org)
- 2000). Different changes in nature may thus impact humans differently, thereby evoking different risk perceptions, bias in risk perceptions, and distortion in the perceived effects of media on the public. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Using a laser range-finder, neurobiologists have scanned real-life scenes to gather millions of distance measurements to surfaces in each scene -- analyzing the mass of data to explain a series of long-known but little-understood quirks in how people judge distances. (innovations-report.com)
- The measurements reveal, for example, that the tendency of people to estimate the distance of isolated objects as being six to 12 feet away arises because that is the average distance of actual objects and surfaces in the visual scenes people encounter. (innovations-report.com)
- I construct mathematical models of the neuronal computations which support this process, and carry out detailed measurements of human perceptions in order to test these models and relate them more closely to what is known about brain physiology. (ncl.ac.uk)
- Lucknow, Mar 15 (PTI) Ahead of examinations beginning Monday, the Lucknow University has directed candidates to maintain distance among themselves in exam halls in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak. (yahoo.com)
- Ultra High Definition (UHD) is a new technology, which main idea is to improve user's perception of details and sensation of immersion in comparison with High Definition systems (HD). (spie.org)
- Throughout the module the emphasis is on the commonalities and integration between the sensory systems, as you examine the processes from sensation to perception for each sense as well as the impact and treatment of impairment or loss of sensory systems. (open.ac.uk)
- Sensation and Perception, Fifth Edition maintains the standard of clarity and coverage set in earlier editions, which make the technical scientific information accessible to a wide range of students. (indigo.ca)
- Furthermore, we could also test for Myers's speculation on the possible existence of a "transition from hyperaesthesia to telaesthesia , so that when peripheral sensation is no longer possible, central perception may be still operating across obstacles otherwise insurmountable" (Vol 1, p. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Motor theory of speech perception - the hypothesis that people perceive spoken words by identifying the vocal tract gestures with which they are pronounced rather than by identifying the sound patterns that speech generates. (wikipedia.org)
- At least in terms of its influence on the effective magnification of images, eye-to-display distance is almost irrelevant for flat rearview mirrors, but it is important for convex rearview mirrors and for other displays, such as video displays, that create images closer to the driver than the actual objects of interest. (sae.org)
- In the experiment we report here, we investigate the influence of eye-to-display distance on distance perception with both flat rearview mirrors and camera-based video displays. (sae.org)
- Yet, as an experience that affects the way we interact with our environment, little is known about the influence that pain has on the way we construct the perceptions of our environment. (frontiersin.org)
- However, it is important to understand the influence of the new UHD technical parameters on user's perception. (spie.org)
- Results have shown that viewing distance has a significant influence on perceived quality. (spie.org)
- Virtual environments can thus be used to investigate the influence of new vehicle powertrain concepts and the related sound emissions of these vehicles on the pedestrians' ability to estimate the distance and velocity of moving objects. (jvrb.org)
- The claim that activity and intention influence perception is controversial. (wikipedia.org)
- Influence of optical material properties on the perception of liquids. (uni-giessen.de)
- We examine the optimistic bias (OB) for an impersonal risk, the first-person perception (FPP) of an impersonal risk, and the influence of media reporting and proximity of an impersonal risk on FPP and OB. (thefreelibrary.com)
- The perception of absolute distance has been assumed to be important in the perception of the size of objects and the depth between them. (dtic.mil)
- We measured perceptions of depth magnitude at distances where it is frequently reported without evidence that stereopsis is non-functional. (edu.au)
- Using two eyes gives you depth perception. (exploratorium.edu)
- Trying to perform a simple task with one eye closed demonstrates how much you rely on your depth perception. (exploratorium.edu)
- One of the clues your brain uses to judge distance and depth is the very slight difference between what your left eye sees and what your right eye sees. (exploratorium.edu)
- The depth perception is different. (latimes.com)
- Vision abilities required include close, distance and depth perception. (mediabistro.com)
- depth perception the ability to recognize depth or the relative distances to different objects in space. (thefreedictionary.com)
- We outline the other visual depth perception Demonstrations below. (wolfram.com)
- Group differences in social discounting were associated with self-reported other-oriented preferences and could not be accounted for by variation in social distancing. (nature.com)
- Figure 2: Social distance perceptions for altruists and controls. (nature.com)
- Even at a large distance, wearing this garment, you can feel social proximity thanks to the touch. (utwente.nl)
- In an office memorandum issued on Saturday, Controller of Examinations (University of Lucknow) Lt Colonel (retd) A K Mishra also asked students to practice social distancing. (yahoo.com)
- As expected, precautionary behavior was more likely plague and tested whether perceptions were associated with to be taken in the stage 3 scenario (Tables 1, 2). (cdc.gov)
- Hansen, T. & Gegenfurtner, K.R. (2017) Color contributes to object contour perception in natural scenes. (uni-giessen.de)
- Together with research in the perception of textile touch on the skin, these researchers will be able to lay the foundation for our future smart clothing. (utwente.nl)
- Because of the ways virtual reality can alter self perception, the researchers suggest that people be warned of the possible repercussions of moving immersive virtual reality technology out into the real world-people wearing Google's project glass headset for example, could misjudge or misinterpret information in the real world and put themselves at risk. (medicalxpress.com)
- By the time of his retirement in 1995 Leibowitz had published more than 250 articles in scientific journals and had been recognized as one of the most influential researchers in perception (White, 1987). (wikipedia.org)
- Their main characteristic is to profoundly affect a person's inner processes and the perception of the surrounding world. (mdpi.com)
- Like the ecological approach, the action-specific perception account favors the notion that perception involves processes that relate the environment to the perceiver's potential for action. (wikipedia.org)
- These tendencies include the "specific distance tendency," in which people shown an isolated object in a dark room with no other distance context judge that object to be six to 12 feet away. (innovations-report.com)
- In a distance learning context, such problems arise for the teacher who needs to personalize the educational material for specific students. (inria.fr)
- Whatever there are some kinds of problems within distance education, it is good concern to evaluate what students perceptions are toward distance education in our context in order to calculate common interpretations around the world for popular education style as distance education. (educationdocbox.com)
- Whatever the interactivity is difficult in communication through the distance education, fast, easy, global context without any time, space, and distance difficulty can be carried to education. (educationdocbox.com)
- It s important to define our context s perceptions of students according to gender, demographic, psychographic considerations. (educationdocbox.com)
Approach to perception1
- The action-specific perception account has roots in Gibson's (1979) ecological approach to perception. (wikipedia.org)
- The practice effects of specific visual training were demonstrated on twelve seventh grade students and seven optometry students using a distance rock test to measure distance-near response time. (nih.gov)
- citation needed] These findings challenge traditional theories of perception, nearly all of which conceptualize perception as a process that provides an objective and behaviorally-independent representation of the environment. (wikipedia.org)
- extrasensory perception (ESP) knowledge of, or response to, an external thought or objective event not achieved as the result of stimulation of the sense organs. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Based on these data, we provide for the first time estimates of realistic detection distances in the field. (biologists.org)
- Before a unified perception of the world can be formed, sensory signals must be processed with reference to body representation. (frontiersin.org)
- The various attributes of the body such as shape, proportion, posture, and movement can be both derived from the various sensory systems and can affect perception of the world (including the body itself). (frontiersin.org)
- In this review we examine the relationships between sensory and motor information, body representations, and perceptions of the world and the body. (frontiersin.org)
- Together, all of these findings demonstrate how sensory and motor information, body representations, and perceptions (of the body and the world) are interdependent. (frontiersin.org)
- Perception requires the brain to determine the structure of the world from the energy that impinges upon our sensory receptors. (pnas.org)
- disturbed sensory perception a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a change in the amount of patterning of incoming stimuli, accompanied by a diminished, exaggerated, distorted, or impaired response to such stimuli. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Conscious perception is associated not only with an increase in gamma power, but also with long-range synchronization of gamma (30-80 Hz) oscillations ( 19 ). (pnas.org)
- For example, directional information transfer across the brain is thought to play an important role in conscious perception. (pnas.org)
- In the visual modality, information transfer from primary visual cortex in the occipital lobe to the frontal areas (feedforward, or bottom-up) is subliminal, whereas feedback (frontal to posterior, or top-down) information transfer is associated with conscious perception ( 22 ). (pnas.org)
- The importance of eye-to-display distance for distance perception in rear vision may depend on the type of display. (sae.org)
- I am interested in the neuronal basis of perception, particularly in stereo "3D" vision in both humans and praying mantises. (ncl.ac.uk)
- In the absence of vision, the only source of information for the perception of far space in humans comes from audition. (jneurosci.org)
- In people who have normal vision, the ciliary body flattens the lens enough to bring objects into focus at a distance of 20 feet or more. (kidshealth.org)
- Learners will be introduced to the problems that vision faces, using perception as a guide. (coursera.org)
- The course will consider how what we see is generated by the visual system, what the central problem for vision is, and what visual perception indicates about how the brain works. (coursera.org)
- Analyzing the existence and relation of optimistic bias and first-person perception for an impersonal environmental change. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Eighteen (11F) healthy volunteers estimated the distance to alternating THREAT and RELIEF stimuli that were placed within reachable space. (frontiersin.org)
- Dichotic and diotic stimuli of a set of real-life recordings taken from a passing passenger car and a motorcycle were presented to test subjects who in turn were asked to determine the velocity of the object and its minimal distance from the listener. (jvrb.org)
- We investigated the effect that the anticipation of experimental pain (THREAT) and its relief (RELIEF) has on the visual perception of space. (frontiersin.org)
- Distance Education provides fast, easy education opportunities for everyone without concentrating time, distance, and space limitations. (educationdocbox.com)
- Another tendency, called the "equidistance tendency," is for people shown two objects side by side in such circumstances to invariably judge them to be the same distance away. (innovations-report.com)
- The analysis by Yang of the massive amount of distance data on real world visual scenes, however, revealed that all of these tendencies reflect the statistics of the way objects are, on average, related to the observer. (innovations-report.com)
- This phenomenon results in objects of known size tending to appear constant in size regardless of their distance. (yorku.ca)
- If the distance is large, enough known objects will appear smaller. (yorku.ca)
- According to Gibson, the primary objects of perception are affordances, which are the possibilities for action. (wikipedia.org)
- To focus on objects clearly at varying distances, the eye's lens needs to change shape. (kidshealth.org)
- A 3-factor Analysis of Variance showed significant main effects of distance and compression as well as significant interactions between the three variables. (army.mil)
- In a further experiment, it was shown that - independently of the type of the vehicle - the main parameter for distance determination is the maximum sound pressure level at the listener's position. (jvrb.org)
- Students perceptions that is main concern to set the roles of the students through knowing interaction of them with teachers. (educationdocbox.com)
- As the brain evolved, people who saw distances to goals as shorter might have gone after what they wanted more often. (scientificamerican.com)
- Thus, said the Duke University Medical Center neurobiologists, the findings support their theory that the visual system has evolved to make the best statistical guess about distances and other features of visual scenes, based on past experience. (innovations-report.com)
- Liang Li, Akira Asano, Chie Muraki Asano, and Katsunori Okajima, "Statistical quantification of the effects of viewing distance on texture perception," J. Opt. (osapublishing.org)
- Pairs of Light Emitting Diode (LED) targets were presented either in complete darkness or with the environment lit as far as the nearest LED (the observation distance). (edu.au)
- The present study focuses on the personalization of the educational material for Greek students learning the Russian language in a distance learning environment. (inria.fr)
- There are huge tendencies from students for participating in distance education to live the sense of selfdevelopment, achievement and responsibility. (educationdocbox.com)
- Introduction In order to conclude the perceptions of students toward distance education, it s necessary to know what distance education is. (educationdocbox.com)
- In order to create effective distance education system, it should be known what are the perceptions of students and their roles as communicators based on the study of literature reviews. (educationdocbox.com)
- Through this communication process, students have active role in distance education according to compare with traditional classroom environment. (educationdocbox.com)
- So, we suggested multivariate analysis to explore the dimensional structure of Korean medicine students' conceptual perceptions regarding phlegm pattern. (hindawi.com)
- With the exception of first-year students, the conceptual map revealed that each group's mean perceptions of phlegm pattern were distributed in almost linear fashion. (hindawi.com)
- The target population was 547 parts six students registered at the School of Continuing and Distance Education. (ac.ke)
- This line of investigation sits amidst an ongoing debate as to the true extent of 'top-down' effects on perception ( Cecchi, 2014 ). (frontiersin.org)
- First we show that body orientation effects visual distance perception and object orientation. (frontiersin.org)
- Alternative explanations for apparent action-specific effects have been proposed, most commonly that the perceiver's ability affects the perceiver's judgment about what they see, rather than affecting perception itself. (wikipedia.org)
- clarification needed] Action-specific effects are also apparent with indirect measures such as perceived parallelism as a proxy for perceived distance. (wikipedia.org)
- Neural correlates of top-down modulation of haptic shape versus roughness perception. (uni-giessen.de)
- All monads are, in various degrees, representations of the whole universe, but this representation or perception becomes clearly conscious (apperception), and is accompanied with attention, memory, and reflection, only in higher monads. (catholic.org)
- The perceived attributes of the body such as body size, affect tactile perception even at the level of detection thresholds and two-point discrimination. (frontiersin.org)
- Distance and Size Perception 7. (indigo.ca)
- In addition to perceived slant and perceived distance, other aspects of perception are influenced by ability such as size, shape, height, and speed. (wikipedia.org)
- What it means that distance education provides equal opportunities to learner and reduce the distance among communicators for global, competitive learning environments among the countries. (educationdocbox.com)
- Since abilities change over time, an individual's perception of similar environments will also change as their abilities change. (wikipedia.org)
- Research indicates that field independent (FI) individuals are more successful in distance education settings than field dependent (FD) individuals, which is a result of their ability to structure information and their environment. (ed.gov)
- The answer, according new research: because we consider the places ahead of us to be physically nearer than those behind, though the actual distance may be the same. (topnews.in)
- Research agency Opinium surveyed more than 3,000 consumers from the US and Europe about their perceptions and experiences regarding cyber crime. (itgovernance.co.uk)
- On the basis of the above research results, we studied the bacterial foraging model of mobile Internet and presented the chemotaxis perception cooperative routing protocol. (hindawi.com)
- This study involved non-experimental research to identify alumni perceptions of the strengths and weaknesses of the Doctor of Ministry degree program at Dallas Theological Seminary. (unt.edu)
- Scholar, educator, and philanthropist Herschel Leibowitz is widely recognized for his research in visual perception and for his symbiotic approach to conducting research that both advanced theory and helped in the understanding and relief of societal problems. (wikipedia.org)
- Rapid transition to distance learning due to COVID-19: Perceptions of postgraduate dental learners and instructors. (bvsalud.org)
- The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of postgraduate dental learners and instructors about the transition to distance learning, including the changes to the learning and teaching and its efficaciousness. (bvsalud.org)
- Both groups of stakeholders learners and instructors, were satisfied with the rapid transition to distance learning due to COVID-19 . (bvsalud.org)