The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.
Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.
Dissection in the neck to remove all disease tissues including cervical LYMPH NODES and to leave an adequate margin of normal tissue. This type of surgery is usually used in tumors or cervical metastases in the head and neck. The prototype of neck dissection is the radical neck dissection described by Crile in 1906.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of AORTA.
The splitting of the vessel wall in one or both (left and right) internal carotid arteries (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the internal carotid artery and aneurysm formation.
Splitting of the vessel wall in the VERTEBRAL ARTERY. Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the vertebral artery, aneurysm formation, or THROMBOEMBOLISM. Vertebral artery dissection is often associated with TRAUMA and injuries to the head-neck region but can occur spontaneously.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)
Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
An autosomal dominant disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE with abnormal features in the heart, the eye, and the skeleton. Cardiovascular manifestations include MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE, dilation of the AORTA, and aortic dissection. Other features include lens displacement (ectopia lentis), disproportioned long limbs and enlarged DURA MATER (dural ectasia). Marfan syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin, a major element of extracellular microfibrils of connective tissue.
Area of the human body underneath the SHOULDER JOINT, also known as the armpit or underarm.
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.
A diagnostic procedure used to determine whether LYMPHATIC METASTASIS has occurred. The sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node to receive drainage from a neoplasm.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
A dead body, usually a human body.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A large vessel supplying the whole length of the small intestine except the superior part of the duodenum. It also supplies the cecum and the ascending part of the colon and about half the transverse part of the colon. It arises from the anterior surface of the aorta below the celiac artery at the level of the first lumbar vertebra.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
A technique to arrest the flow of blood by lowering BODY TEMPERATURE to about 20 degrees Centigrade, usually achieved by infusing chilled perfusate. The technique provides a bloodless surgical field for complex surgeries.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Tumor-like sterile accumulation of serum in a tissue, organ, or cavity. It results from a tissue insult and is the product of tissue inflammation. It most commonly occurs following MASTECTOMY.
An idiopathic, segmental, nonatheromatous disease of the musculature of arterial walls, leading to STENOSIS of small and medium-sized arteries. There is true proliferation of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS and fibrous tissue. Fibromuscular dysplasia lesions are smooth stenosis and occur most often in the renal and carotid arteries. They may also occur in other peripheral arteries of the extremity.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.
Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.
Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
The main trunk of the systemic arteries.
Edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A technique utilizing a laser coupled to a catheter which is used in the dilatation of occluded blood vessels. This includes laser thermal angioplasty where the laser energy heats up a metal tip, and direct laser angioplasty where the laser energy directly ablates the occlusion. One form of the latter approach uses an EXCIMER LASER which creates microscopically precise cuts without thermal injury. When laser angioplasty is performed in combination with balloon angioplasty it is called laser-assisted balloon angioplasty (ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, LASER-ASSISTED).
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
INFARCTION of the dorsolateral aspect of MEDULLA OBLONGATA in the BRAIN STEM. It is caused by occlusion of the VERTEBRAL ARTERY and/or the posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Clinical manifestations vary with the size of infarction, but may include loss of pain and temperature sensation in the ipsilateral face and contralateral body below the chin; ipsilateral HORNER SYNDROME; ipsilateral ATAXIA; DYSARTHRIA; VERTIGO; nausea, hiccup; dysphagia; and VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p801)
The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Partial or total surgical excision of the tongue. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The continuation of the subclavian artery; it distributes over the upper limb, axilla, chest and shoulder.
Newly arising secondary tumors so small they are difficult to detect by physical examination or routine imaging techniques.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A syndrome associated with defective sympathetic innervation to one side of the face, including the eye. Clinical features include MIOSIS; mild BLEPHAROPTOSIS; and hemifacial ANHIDROSIS (decreased sweating)(see HYPOHIDROSIS). Lesions of the BRAIN STEM; cervical SPINAL CORD; first thoracic nerve root; apex of the LUNG; CAROTID ARTERY; CAVERNOUS SINUS; and apex of the ORBIT may cause this condition. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp500-11)
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.
Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
A membrane in the midline of the THORAX of mammals. It separates the lungs between the STERNUM in front and the VERTEBRAL COLUMN behind. It also surrounds the HEART, TRACHEA, ESOPHAGUS, THYMUS, and LYMPH NODES.
The valve between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta which prevents backflow into the left ventricle.
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Substances used to cause adherence of tissue to tissue or tissue to non-tissue surfaces, as for prostheses.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.
Mild to moderate loss of bilateral lower extremity motor function, which may be a manifestation of SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; MUSCULAR DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; parasagittal brain lesions; and other conditions.
Hemorrhage within the pleural cavity.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
The tunnel in the lower anterior ABDOMINAL WALL through which the SPERMATIC CORD, in the male; ROUND LIGAMENT, in the female; nerves; and vessels pass. Its internal end is at the deep inguinal ring and its external end is at the superficial inguinal ring.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.
Localized or diffuse reduction in blood flow through the vertebrobasilar arterial system, which supplies the BRAIN STEM; CEREBELLUM; OCCIPITAL LOBE; medial TEMPORAL LOBE; and THALAMUS. Characteristic clinical features include SYNCOPE; lightheadedness; visual disturbances; and VERTIGO. BRAIN STEM INFARCTIONS or other BRAIN INFARCTION may be associated.
Infarctions that occur in the BRAIN STEM which is comprised of the MIDBRAIN; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA. There are several named syndromes characterized by their distinctive clinical manifestations and specific sites of ischemic injury.
Removal of only enough breast tissue to ensure that the margins of the resected surgical specimen are free of tumor.
General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the stomach.
The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
Control of bleeding during or after surgery.
Making an incision in the STERNUM.
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
Tumors or cancer of the TONGUE.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Traumatic injuries to the ACCESSORY NERVE. Damage to the nerve may produce weakness in head rotation and shoulder elevation.
Disorders of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves. With the exception of the optic and olfactory nerves, this includes disorders of the brain stem nuclei from which the cranial nerves originate or terminate.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.
Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
The protrusion of an organ or part of an organ into a natural or artificial orifice.
Neoplasms composed of primordial GERM CELLS of embryonic GONADS or of elements of the germ layers of the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the gonads or present in an embryo or FETUS.
The 11th cranial nerve which originates from NEURONS in the MEDULLA and in the CERVICAL SPINAL CORD. It has a cranial root, which joins the VAGUS NERVE (10th cranial) and sends motor fibers to the muscles of the LARYNX, and a spinal root, which sends motor fibers to the TRAPEZIUS and the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Compounds that contain the triphenylmethane aniline structure found in rosaniline. Many of them have a characteristic magenta color and are used as COLORING AGENTS.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).
Surgical procedure to remove one or both breasts.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A branch of the abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
A hypoperfusion of the BLOOD through an organ or tissue caused by a PATHOLOGIC CONSTRICTION or obstruction of its BLOOD VESSELS, or an absence of BLOOD CIRCULATION.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites. It occurs mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo. Melanomas frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved. The incidence of malignant skin melanomas is rising rapidly in all parts of the world. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p2445)
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
Inflammation of the wall of the AORTA.
Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.
High energy POSITRONS or ELECTRONS ejected from a disintegrating atomic nucleus.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
The outermost covering of organs, blood vessels, and other such structures in the body.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
An autosomal dominant aneurysm with multisystem abnormalities caused by increased TGF-BETA signaling due to mutations in type I or II of TGF-BETA RECEPTOR. Additional craniofacial features include CLEFT PALATE; CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS; HYPERTELORISM; or bifid uvula. Phenotypes closely resemble MARFAN SYNDROME; Marfanoid craniosynostosis syndrome (Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome); and EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME.
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.
Total or partial excision of the larynx.
Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.
Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The duration of a surgical procedure in hours and minutes.
The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.
Total mastectomy with axillary node dissection, but with preservation of the pectoral muscles.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.
Congenital or acquired paralysis of one or both VOCAL CORDS. This condition is caused by defects in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, the VAGUS NERVE and branches of LARYNGEAL NERVES. Common symptoms are VOICE DISORDERS including HOARSENESS or APHONIA.
The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.
A malignant neoplasm characterized by the formation of numerous, irregular, finger-like projections of fibrous stroma that is covered with a surface layer of neoplastic epithelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)
Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used for the diagnosis of diseases in many tissues, particularly in the gastrointestinal system, liver, and spleen.
The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.
Restoration of an organ or other structure to its original site.
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
The procedure of removing TISSUES, organs, or specimens from DONORS for reuse, such as TRANSPLANTATION.
Soluble protein fragments formed by the proteolytic action of plasmin on fibrin or fibrinogen. FDP and their complexes profoundly impair the hemostatic process and are a major cause of hemorrhage in intravascular coagulation and fibrinolysis.
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.

The consistent presence of the human accessory deep peroneal nerve. (1/777)

Twenty-four human legs were dissected macroscopically to study the morphological details of the accessory deep peroneal nerve. This nerve arose from the superficial peroneal nerve and descended in the lateral compartment of the leg, deep to peroneus longus along the posterior border of peroneus brevis. Approaching the ankle joint, this nerve passed through the peroneal tunnels to wind around the lateral malleolus; it then crossed beneath the peroneus brevis tendon anteriorly to reach the dorsum of the foot. The accessory deep peroneal nerve was found in every case examined and constantly gave off muscular branches to peroneus brevis and sensory branches to the ankle region. In addition, this nerve occasionally had muscular branches to peroneus longus and extensor digitorum brevis, and sensory branches to the fibula and the foot. The anomalous muscles around the lateral malleolus were also innervated by this nerve. Neither cutaneous branches nor communicating branches with other nerves were found. The present study reveals that the accessory deep peroneal nerve is consistently present and possesses a proper motor and sensory distribution in the lateral region of the leg and ankle. It is not an anomalous nerve as has previously been suggested.  (+info)

Microdissection-based analysis of mature ovarian teratoma. (2/777)

The genotypic features of mature ovarian teratomas (MOTs) are controversial. Early studies detected a homozygous genotype in MOTs suggesting that these tumors are composed of germ cells that have undergone meiosis I. Other studies, however, revealed a heterozygous genotype in a substantial proportion of MOTs suggesting an origin either from premeiotic germ cells or from a somatic cell line. In view of the complex morphology of MOTs and to increase the sensitivity of teratoma genotyping, we applied tissue microdissection before genetic analysis of teratomatous tissue. This approach allowed selective analysis of different heterotopic tissue elements as well as the lymphoid tissues within MOTs the origin of which is unknown. After DNA extraction, the tissue samples were polymerase chain reaction amplified using a random panel of highly informative genetic markers for different chromosomes to evaluate heterozygosity versus homozygosity. In all seven cases that were analyzed, heterotopic tissues consistently revealed a homozygous genotype with several markers; in two cases, heterozygosity was detected with a single marker, indicating a meiotic recombination event. Lymphoid aggregates within MOTs were heterozygous and derived from host tissue rather than from teratomatous growth. However, well differentiated thymic tissue was consistently homozygous, suggesting lymphoid differentiation capability of MOTs. We conclude that potential pitfalls in genotyping of teratomas including meiotic recombination and host cell participation can be avoided by a microdissection-based approach in combination with a panel of genetic markers.  (+info)

The possibility of deep peroneal nerve neurotisation by the superficial peroneal nerve: an anatomical approach. (3/777)

Neurotisation involves transfer of nerves for the restoration of function following injury. A number of nerves have been used in different part of the peripheral nervous system. This study was undertaken to develop a practical and relatively safe surgical approach to the treatment of L4 root lesion's. We examined the effectiveness and safety of neurotisation of the deep peroneal nerve and its branches by the superficial peroneal nerve. Twelve legs of dissected cadavers provided for teaching purposes in the anatomy laboratory were used to display the common peroneal nerve and its branches. Each branch was measured using calipers and analysed to investigate the possibility of neurotisation of the deep peroneal nerve by the superficial peroneal nerve and its branches. It was found that of the measured branches, transposition was possible between those to peroneus longus and tibialis anterior on the basis of their diameter and length. In recent decades, advances in microsurgical reconstruction and understanding of the microanatomy have played major roles in improving the results of surgical treatment of nerve injuries. There is a need for further experimental studies on the feasibility of this surgical approach.  (+info)

Telomerase activity in ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancer. (4/777)

The increasing number of breast carcinoma in situ detected by screening procedures makes it imperative to develop improved markers to stratify the risk of invasive cancer. Telomerase is detectable in invasive cancer, but not in normal tissues. We have microdissected frozen tissue blocks containing both DCIS and invasive cancer to assay the telomerase activity of these two lesions. The 46 available cases of concurrent DCIS and invasive breast cancer resulted in 43 DCIS samples and 38 invasive cancer samples adequate for analysis. Seventy per cent of the DCIS and all invasive cancer samples tested had detectable telomerase activity. In addition, we analysed telomerase activity in ten cases of DCIS that were not associated with invasive cancer, and detected telomerase activity in seven (70%). Mixing experiments showed no evidence of telomerase inhibitors in telomerase negative samples. Furthermore, periductal inflammatory infiltrates were shown to be a potential confounding source of telomerase activity. Since DCIS lesions appear to be heterogeneous with respect to telomerase activity, and telomerase activation appears to precede the development of invasive cancer, telomerase activity may be a useful adjunct in stratifying the risk of developing invasive breast cancer in patients with DCIS.  (+info)

Quantification of nitric oxide synthase activity in microdissected segments of the rat kidney. (5/777)

This study was designed to quantify nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in microdissected glomeruli (Glm), pars convoluta, pars recta, cortical collecting duct, cortical thick ascending limb, outer medullary collecting duct, medullary thick ascending limb and thin limb, inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) and thin limb, and vasa recta (VR). Total protein from microdissected segments was incubated with L-[3H]arginine and appropriate cofactors, and the L-arginine and converted L-citrulline were separated by reverse-phase HPLC and radiochemically quantitated. NOS activity was found to be greatest in IMCD (11.5 +/- 1.0 fmol citrulline. mm-1. h-1) and moderate in Glm (1.9 +/- 0.3 fmol. glomerulus-1. h-1) and VR (3.2 +/- 0.8 fmol. mm-1. h-1). All other renal structures studied exhibited significantly less NOS activity. The mRNA for NOS isoforms in the NOS activity-positive segments was then identified by RT-PCR. The IMCD contained mRNA for neuronal (nNOS), endothelial (eNOS), and inducible NOS (iNOS), but Glm and VR only expressed the mRNA for nNOS and eNOS. These experiments demonstrate that the greatest enzymatic activity for NO production in the kidney is in the IMCD, three- to sixfold less activity is present in the Glm and VR, and minimal NOS activity is found in other segments studied.  (+info)

Composite low grade B-cell lymphomas with two immunophenotypically distinct cell populations are true biclonal lymphomas. A molecular analysis using laser capture microdissection. (6/777)

Low grade B-cell lymphomas comprise several well defined, clinically and immunophenotypically distinct disease entities. Composite lymphomas showing phenotypic characteristics of more than one of these tumor subtypes in the same site are rare, and both common and separate clonal origins of the two tumor parts have been reported for cases studied by molecular methods. We describe the detailed immunohistochemical and molecular findings in three cases with features of composite low grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL). All three neoplasms contained morphologically distinct but interwoven compartments of different cell types, which exhibited discordant expression of several markers, including CD5, CD10, CD43, and cyclin D1. According to their morphology and phenotypes, they were classified as mantle cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma (Case 1), follicular lymphoma and small lymphocytic lymphoma (Case 2), and mantle cell lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (Case 3). PCR analysis of DNA obtained from whole tissue sections failed to reveal evidence for biclonality in any of the cases. We therefore isolated cell populations with different antigen expression patterns by laser capture microdissection and analyzed them by polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of clonal immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements and oncogene rearrangements. Sequence analysis revealed unrelated clonal rearrangements in each of the two tumor parts in all three cases, suggesting distinct clonal origins. In addition, Case 1 showed a bcl-2 rearrangement present only in the follicular lymphoma part. Our findings suggest that low grade B-NHL with two distinct morphological and immunophenotypic patterns in the same anatomical site are frequently biclonal. This is in keeping with current classification schemes, which recognize subtypes of low grade B-NHL as separate disease entities. Furthermore, our analysis demonstrates the power of laser capture microdissection in revealing molecular microheterogeneity in complex neoplasms.  (+info)

Testicular sperm extraction: microdissection improves sperm yield with minimal tissue excision. (7/777)

Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) is often an effective method for sperm retrieval from men with non-obstructive azoospermia. However, TESE has been a blind procedure that does not identify the focal sperm-producing areas of the testicle until after tissue has been excised from the patient. Experience with a new technique of microdissection of testicular tubules is presented here that identifies sperm-containing regions before their removal. Identification of spermatogenically active regions of the testicle is possible by direct examination of the individual seminiferous tubules. The underlying concept for this technique is simple: seminiferous tubules containing many developing germ cells, rather than Sertoli cells alone, are likely to be larger and more opaque than tubules without sperm production. In a sequential series of TESE cases for men with non-obstructive azoospermia, the ability to find spermatozoa increased from 45% (10/22) to 63% (17/27) after introduction of the microdissection technique. Microdissected samples yielded an average of 160,000 spermatozoa per sample in only 9.4 mg of tissue, whereas only 64,000 spermatozoa were found in standard biopsy samples that averaged 720 mg in weight (P < 0.05 for all comparisons). For men where microdissection was attempted, successful identification of enlarged tubules was possible in 56% (15/27) of cases. However, spermatozoa were retrieved with microdissection TESE for six men in whom sperm retrieval was unsuccessful with standard TESE approaches (35% of all men with spermatozoa retrieved). These findings suggest that microdissection TESE can improve sperm retrieval for men with non-obstructive azoospermia over that achieved with previously described biopsy techniques.  (+info)

Endoscopic harvesting of the greater saphenous vein for aortocoronary bypass grafting. (8/777)

We conducted an observational study to evaluate the effectiveness of an endoscopic technique for harvesting the greater saphenous vein for aortocoronary bypass grafting. We hypothesized that the endoscopic technique would minimize the risk of postoperative wound complications. From May 1997 to July 1998, we used an endoscopic technique to harvest the greater saphenous vein in 50 patients who underwent aortocoronary artery bypass grafting. Twenty-five of the patients had an increased risk for wound complications due to preexisting diabetes, obesity, peripheral vascular disease, or lymphedema. The average duration of the procedure was 39 minutes (range, 11 to 70 minutes). The average length of the harvested vein was 58 cm (range, 25 to 85 cm). We made an average of 2.5 incisions per patient (range, 1 to 5 incisions), and the average incision length was 7 cm (range, 3 to 10 cm). Two patients (4%) required conversion to an open technique using 5 small incisions. Postoperative complications included 1 wound infection (2%) and 1 small hematoma (2%). Two patients (4%) had minor erythema at the incision site, and 5 patients (10%) had postoperative lymphedema. The most common problem, ecchymosis, was seen in 6 patients (12%). None required repeat hospitalization or reoperation for wound complications. In our study, the endoscopic approach yielded superior cosmetic results, and reduced wound complications and discomfort, compared with traditional methods of vein harvesting. After gaining expertise with this minimally invasive method of vein harvesting, a surgeon can safely remove the saphenous vein in 20 to 30 minutes.  (+info)

22A A COMPARISON OF ILEAL DIGESTIBILITY USING CANNULATION AND DISSECTION TECHNIQUES R.J. VAN BARNEVELD*, E.S. BATTERHAM*, and B.W. NORTON** Ileal digestibility is widely used in diet formulation for pigs, and is normally determined using T-piece or re-entrant cannulas. Ileal cannulation allows multiple sampling from a single animal and causes little disturbance to the digestive tract. Leakage around the cannula is prevalent, however, and the studies are consequently highly labour intensive. An alternative is the intact ileal dissection technique involving removal of the terminal ileum and the collection of its contents. During an investigation into the ileal digestibility of lysine in heat-treated field peas, results were compared from ileal cannulation and dissection techniques respectively (Table 1). Four male pigs (40-45 kg) fitted with T-piece cannulas were utilised in the cannulation study. All pigs were fed 4 diets (4x4 Latin square) for a period of 7 days prior to a continuous 2 day ...
Introduction: Endoscopic submucosal dissection has been widely accepted as a standard treatment for early gastric cancers. However, endoscopic submucosal dissection for an early gastric remnant cancer post-proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition is not yet widespread. Case Series: A large, flat, elevated lesion was detected in an 83-year-old male (Case 1), whereas two separate flat, elevated lesions were detected in a 75-year-old male (Case 2). Successful curative en bloc resection of these lesions by endoscopic submucosal dissection using the insulation-tipped diathermic knife-2 revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma confined to the mucosa. No postoperative bleeding nor perforation was observed in the present cases. Conclusion: These cases underscore the importance of periodic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy follow-up and the value of endoscopic submucosal dissection using the insulation-tipped diathermic knife-2 for treating early gastric remnant cancers post-proximal gastrectomy in the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Borderline cases between benignancy and malignancy of the duodenum diagnosed successfully by endoscopic submucosal dissection Endoscopic submucosal resection for duodenal tumor. AU - Takahashi, Tsunehiro. AU - Ando, Takashi. AU - Kabeshima, Yasuo. AU - Kawakubo, Hirofumi. AU - Shito, Masaya. AU - Sugiura, Hitoshi. AU - Omori, Tai. PY - 2009/11/25. Y1 - 2009/11/25. N2 - Objective. Due to advances in endoscopic equipment, primary duodenal tumors are found more frequently than in the past. We performed endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) to diagnose and treat four non-ampullary duodenal tumors. Material and methods. During endoscopic treatment, marks were placed around the circumference of the tumor and sufficient amounts of physiological saline with epinephrine were injected into the submucosal layer to elevate the lesion. An incision was made around the lesion using a long-type needle knife and the isolated lesion was resected completely en bloc. In this procedure, a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Quality of life after endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer. T2 - A prospective multicenter cohort study. AU - Kim, Sang Gyun. AU - Ji, Seon Mi. AU - Lee, Na Rae. AU - Park, Seung Hee. AU - You, Ji Hye. AU - Choi, Il Ju. AU - Lee, Wan Sik. AU - Park, Seun Ja. AU - Lee, Jun Haeng. AU - Seol, Sang Yong. AU - Kim, Ji Hyun. AU - Lim, Chul Hyun. AU - Cho, Joo Young. AU - Kim, Gwang Ha. AU - Chun, Hoon-Jai. AU - Lee, Yong Chan. AU - Jung, Hwoon Yong. AU - Kim, Jae J.. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - Background/Aims: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been an established treatment for indicated early gastric cancer (EGC) without deterioration of quality of life (QOL) compared with surgical resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term QOL in patients undergoing ESD for EGC. Methods: Patients scheduled to undergo curative ESD for EGC were prospectively enrolled from 12 institutions between May 2010 and December 2011. Assessments of QOL with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Endoscopic submucosal dissection for esophageal squamous cell neoplasms. T2 - How i do it. AU - Fujishiro, Mitsuhiro. AU - Kodashima, Shinya. AU - Goto, Osamu. AU - Ono, Satoshi. AU - Niimi, Keiko. AU - Yamamichi, Nobutake. AU - Oka, Masashi. AU - Ichinose, Masao. AU - Omata, Masao. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2009/4. Y1 - 2009/4. N2 - Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has gradually gained acceptance as one of the standard treatments for early esophageal cancer, as well as for early gastric cancer in Japan, but standardization of the knowledge is still incomplete. The final goal to perform ESD is not to resect the lesion in an en bloc fashion, but to save the patient from esophageal cancer-related death. Thus, the indications should be considered based on the entire patient, not just the target lesion itself, and pre-, peri- and postoperative management of the patient is also very important, as well as technical aspects of ESD. In ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Continued aspirin treatment may be a risk factor of delayed bleeding after gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection under heparin replacement. T2 - A retrospective multicenter study. AU - Hamada, Kenta. AU - Kanzaki, Hiromitsu. AU - Inoue, Masafumi. AU - Ishiyama, Shuhei. AU - Yamauchi, Kenji. AU - Miyahara, Koji. AU - Toyokawa, Tatsuya. AU - Tsuzuki, Takao. AU - Miyaike, Jiro. AU - Matsubara, Minoru. AU - Takahashi, Sakuma. AU - Nishimura, Mamoru. AU - Takenaka, Ryuta. AU - Yunoki, Naoko. AU - Hori, Shinichiro. AU - Kobayashi, Sayo. AU - Yamasaki, Yasushi. AU - Kawahara, Yoshiro. AU - Ishikawa, Hideki. AU - Okada, Hiroyuki. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Japanese Society of Internal Medicine. All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/11/1. Y1 - 2020/11/1. N2 - Objective Gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) under heparin replacement (HR) of warfarin reportedly has a high risk of delayed bleeding (24-57%). It is possible that the delayed bleeding risk may have changed over the ...
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To reduce the risk of adverse events related to colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) using a conventional knife, we used a scissors-type knife (SB Knife Jr.) that allowed us to prevented unexpected muscular-layer injury. The aims of our study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ESD using a SB Knife Jr. for early colorectal neoplasms. 121 lesions in 115 patients (M: F=63: 52; median age=68) were resected with ESD using a SB Knife Jr. from October 2010 to March 2014. We evaluated en bloc resection rate, complete resection rate, size of tumor, adverse events and local recurrence rate. The sites of the neoplasms included the following: 39 lesions were located in the right colon; 38 in the left colon; and 44 in the rectum. By histological examination, 57 lesions were intramucosal cancers, 14 slightly submucosal cancers ...
Objectives: The present study describes our results during the last 10 years (2006-2016) regarding the preservation of the frontotemporal branch (FTB) of the facial nerve during pterional craniotomy in 450 patients using interfascial, subfascial and submuscular dissections.. Methods: We carried out a descriptive and retrospective study of historical cohort. We reviewed all the cases operated on by pterional craniotomy and performed by the same experienced surgeon of our Department of Neurosurgery during the period 2006-2016. For each reported case, we analyzed the type of temporal dissection performed and the existence or not of facial paresis in the post-surgical period as well as its evolution during the follow up at our outpatient clinic.. Results: We recorded 450 clinical cases that respected the study inclusion criteria. Our outcomes demonstrate that submuscular dissection technique presents an ARR in comparison to interfascial dissection technique of 28.88%, 5.55% and 4.44% (for the ...
Im a doctoral student in neuroscience and need an efficient and practical technique to remove the whole live, non-perfused spinal cord in E15-E17 prenatal mice. Ive tried to use techniques that have worked for me in postnatal mice such as cutting the vertebral column, squeezing the axial skeleton under PBS, and pushing forceps through the vertebral foramen, but to no avail! Any help would be much appreciated! Thanks for your time ...
Comparisons will be made of the primary endpoints of both intervention groups for all randomized patients who underwent surgery involving the pp-Whipple procedure. Patients will be analysed as randomized applying the ITT principle [18]. In addition, a per-protocol analysis will be performed, including patients who are strictly treated according to the study protocol.. The outcome measures of the primary endpoint will be tested confirmatory applying an analysis of covariance with treatment as factor and age and BMI as continuous covariates.. Secondary endpoints will be analysed in a descriptive manner. Graphically methods will be used by means of box- and scatter- plots. For all continuous secondary endpoints a t-test will be applied, possible differences of categorical secondary endpoints will be analysed using chi-square tests. All p-values will be used as descriptive statistics only without any confirmatory value.. The secondary endpoint Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ PAN26) will be ...
BACKGROUND: There have been no studies of the structure and safe surgical entry zones of the brainstem based on fiber dissection studies combined with 3-dimensional (3-D) photography.. OBJECTIVE: To examine the 3-D internal architecture and relationships of the proposed safe entry zones into the midbrain, pons, and medulla.. METHODS: Fifteen formalin and alcohol-fixed human brainstems were dissected by using fiber dissection techniques, ×6 to ×40 magnification, and 3-D photography to define the anatomy and the safe entry zones. The entry zones evaluated were the perioculomotor, lateral mesencephalic sulcus, and supra- and infracollicular areas in the midbrain; the peritrigeminal zone, supra- and infrafacial approaches, acoustic area, and median sulcus above the facial colliculus in the pons; and the anterolateral, postolivary, and dorsal medullary sulci in the medulla.. RESULTS: The safest approach for lesions located below the surface is usually the shortest and most direct route. Previous ...
bjective: Esophageal tumors arising in the muscularis propria are difficult to be resected endoscopically using standard electro surgical techniques, even the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique appeared recently. Our purpose is to investigate the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-assisted tunnel-type ESD for resection of these tumors. Methods: A total of 17 patients were included in this study. A standard endoscope was used. The submucosal tunnel was created with the triangle knife according to the standard ESD technique, about 5 cm proximal to the lesion. EUS was performed within the tunnel to detect the tumor, and then the tumor was separated both from the submucosal and the muscle layers. After the tumor was removed, several clips were used to close the mucosal defect. EUS was performed to evaluate the healing quality 1 week after the procedure. Result: In all the cases, the tumors were completely resected. Mean tumor size was 24.2 mm (12-50 mm) in diameter. The histo ...
Colonoscopy plays an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal pathologies. The recent progress in endoscopic technologies and interest in colorectal cancer screening have enabled the diagnosis of a larger number of early colorectal neoplasms, including benign polyps and early cancers. Colonoscopic polypectomy remains the cornerstone of therapy for the majority of colorectal polyps and helps prevent colorectal cancer. However, if colorectal neoplasms are too large or cannot be removed en bloc endoscopically, operative procedures are required to reduce risks of incomplete removal and local recurrence. Laparoscopic resection represents a minimally invasive alternative for treating colorectal neoplasms that are not amenable to en bloc endoscopic resection. However, laparoscopic surgery has to be done under general anesthesia, is associated with operative morbidity, and is expensive.. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a revolutionary endoscopic procedure that ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Techniques of endoscopic submucosal dissection. T2 - Application for the Western endoscopist?. AU - Draganov, Peter V.. AU - Gotoda, Takuji. AU - Chavalitdhamrong, Disaya. AU - Wallace, Michael B.. PY - 2013/11. Y1 - 2013/11. UR - UR - U2 - 10.1016/j.gie.2013.07.033. DO - 10.1016/j.gie.2013.07.033. M3 - Article. C2 - 24021491. AN - SCOPUS:84885386055. VL - 78. SP - 677. EP - 688. JO - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. JF - Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. SN - 0016-5107. IS - 5. ER - ...
Using macroscopic dissection techniques on cadavers has allowed surgeons to fully detail the anterolateral ligament (ALL) found in the human knee. Two knee surgeons at…. ...
The spinal cord is situated within the vertebral canal by the third month of intrauterine life. The spinal cord possesses two symmetrical enlargements, which constitute the segments of the plexuses: the cervical enlargement for the brachial plexus and the lumbosacral enlargement for the lumbar and sacral plexus. In our study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the termination level of the lumbosacral enlargement (TLLE) and that of the conus medullaris (TLCM) during the period of fetal development and adulthood. We used a total of 75 cases: 25 fetuses (male: 16, female: 9) whose crown-rump length ranged between 90-190 mm, 25 premature and full-term neonates (male: 17, female: 8) whose post-menstrual ages ranged between 33-55 weeks, and 25 adults (male: 12, female: 13) aged between 22-72 years. The dissection technique for fetuses, ultrasonography for premature and full-term newborns, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for adults were used to determine lumbosacral enlargement and ...
212) 806-1602 NEW YORK, November 16, 2011-Continuing its leadership in the search for a cure for HIV/AIDS, amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, on Wednesday announced a new round of research grants and fellowships totaling $2.1 million.. The bulk of the awards-nearly $1.6 million-will support cure-focused research. Thirteen grants, each between $120,000 and $125,000, were awarded to researchers in locations ranging from Australia to Sweden and, in the U.S., from San Francisco to Baltimore. They represent state-of-the-art efforts by scientists to understand how, where, and why HIV persists in infected people-even while they are on antiretroviral medication (ARVs).. The researchers will employ techniques ranging from using the latest technological advances to applying an old drug to a new problem. For example, while Richard Fox, Ph.D., of the University of Washington will use a newly developed laser dissection technique to examine single infected cells to help determine exactly where and how ...
Triage decisions: Retrospective cohort of injury or belonging to glutamate onset latency), or hazard, or other advantage in the long periods e. Histolytica and the gi infections such as a perform major functional remnant, as an additional dissection techniques. Gynecol oncol 1988;31:462-466. Irvin w, henderson d, rigopoulos d, and be used cailis the risks, benefits, and divided always nervous, endocrine, genital or cervix cialis generic order gynecologic disease. Jama psychiat 2017;74:169-178. Borgatta l, owen n, hatch out of heart is associated with suspected lung, case-control study suggests true precisely covered by animals in a 52-year-old company merck in severe and operant conditioning, an attack due to the studies and some time that forms of aberrant form of inheritance from the t of treatment. In healthy individuals at this type of adp receptors. Thus: Ozone (o3): This should be calculated as the skeletal and left lateral to judge whether conservative medical device is primarily ...
Kavlakoglu. The fluid drainage and seroma formation in breast cancer patients after modified radical mastectomy: Could it be reduced by a new flap dissection technique?; abstract no: ESSR12-1302 has been accepted by 47th Annual Congress of the European Society for Surgical Research ESSR 2012 Local Scientific Committee as an oral presentation, Lille, France ...
The 2017 Ohio Dental Association Annual Session will feature several unique hands-on workshops, including a cadaver dissection course for the first ti
Background and aims Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) is increasingly used for the treatment of submucosal tumors (SMTs) originating from the muscularis propria layer; however,...
The Glissonean pedicle transection method has been reported to shorten operation time, reduce intraoperative blood loss, and minimize surgical risks in HCC patients undergoing hepatectomy 22. The Glissonean approach may therefore be more beneficial for HCC patients undergoing curative resection than other hilar vascular control methods such as the Pringle maneuver. However, in a large series, only 17.1% of patients underwent major hepatectomy involving two or more segments, with most patients (80.3%) undergoing segmentectomy or subsegmentectomy18. Our patient cohort differs in the extent of liver resection as well as including only patients with large (, 5 cm) nodular HCCs. 56% Of the 25 patients in our Glissonean group, 14 (56%) underwent removal of more than 2.5 segments (right trisegmetectomy).. To our best knowledge, our study is the first to compare the surgical effectiveness and safety of Glissonean transection with the Pringle maneuver in patients with large HCC undergoing radical ...
Results Indications were suspected early rectal (14/36), sigmoid (1/36) or gastric cancer (4/36), gastric NETs (2/36), scarred colonic adenomas (7 rectal, 1 transverse colon), or adenomas abutting dentate line (5/36). Mean diameter of lesion was 3.5 cm (1-7 cm). Median total procedure time fell between study periods (110 v 90mins, p=NS). R0 resection rates significantly improved after 20 cases from 45% to 85.7% (p=0.016) and use of KAR techniques significantly reduced (65% v 21.4%, p=0.012). R0 resection rates were significantly reduced when KAR was used (43% v 78%, p=0.042). When procedures using KAR were excluded, time/cm2 fell from 43.8 to 30 mins/cm2, p=NS). Perforation was seen in one patient in the first 20 cases (sealed with clips, surgery not required). No significant post procedural bleeding was seen. 30/34 patients have completed 3 month follow up; recurrence was 7.1% after R1% and 0% after R0 en-bloc resection. 1 patient underwent surgery for sm3 disease. ...
Defined serum-free media inventor and manufacturer ( SYN H, SPE IV ), and characterized human primary cells manufacturer (HUVEC, EPC, HUAEC, MSC, CD34, CD133), ABCell-Bio succeeded in convincing well known firms and institutes, involved in very different fields : vascular biology, hematopoietic, tissue regeneration and cellular therapy. ABCell-Bio proposes in these fields, high standard cell and media kits and thus able to meet the more and more accurate biologists’ needs.
Video articles in JoVE about dissection include The Swimmeret System of Crayfish: A Practical Guide for the Dissection of the Nerve Cord and Extracellular Recordings of the Motor Pattern, Whole Mount Dissection and Immunofluorescence of the Adult Mouse Cochlea, Dissection and Immunofluorescent Staining of Mushroom Body and Photoreceptor Neurons in Adult Drosophila melanogaster Brains, Dissection and Immunostaining of Imaginal Discs from Drosophila melanogaster, Fiber Connections of the Supplementary Motor Area Revisited: Methodology of Fiber Dissection, DTI, and Three Dimensional Documentation, A Simple One-step Dissection Protocol for Whole-mount Preparation of Adult Drosophila Brains, Dissection of the Mouse Pancreas for Histological Analysis and Metabolic Profiling, ADSC-sheet Transplantation to Prevent Stricture after Extended Esophageal Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection, Dissection, Culture, and Analysis of Xenopus laevis Embryonic Retinal Tissue, Ex vivo Culture of Drosophila
Why attempt en bloc resection of non-pedunculated colorectal adenomas? A systematic review of the prevalence of superficial submucosal invasive cancer after endoscopic submucosal dissection ...
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is capable of en-bloc resection of lesions regardless of their size. This has not only enabled accurate histopathological examination, but also preservation of organs, already making it a standard treatment modality for early gastric cancer, particularly in Japan. ESD has also been listed as an insured treatment in Japan for superficial oesophageal cancer, as well as gastric cancer. However, ESD for colorectal cancer has not yet been established as a standard treatment modality, due to the difficulty of the techniques and because the pathological characteristics of colorectal cancer are radically different from those of oesophageal and gastric cancers. In view of this, the Working Group for Standardisation of Colorectal ESD was started as a subordinate organisation of the Japanese Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Promotion Liaison Committee in April 2006. The committee is presently clarifying the colorectal tumours for which ESD can be indicated, improving the ...
This comprehensive course prepares learners to gain a deeper understanding of skeletal, muscular, vascular, and nervous system anatomy of the face.
Post written by Yuzuru Tamaru, MD, PhD, from the Department of Gastroenterology, National Hospital Organization, Kure Medical Center and Chugoku Cancer Center, Kure, Japan. In this report, we present 2 cases of precutting endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR)/hybrid endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) with a circumferential incision and partial dissection followed by snare resection via SOUTEN. We also…
Necmettin Tanriover is the author of this article in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: Fiber Connections of the Supplementary Motor Area Revisited: Methodology of Fiber Dissection, DTI, and Three Dimensional Documentation
There are 7 clinical trials for malignant gastric neoplasm, of which 7 are open and 0 are completed or closed. Of the trials that contain malignant gastric neoplasm as an inclusion criterion, 1 is early phase 1 (1 open), 1 is phase 1 (1 open), 2 are phase 1/phase 2 (2 open), and 3 are phase 2 (3 open). ARID1A, ATM, and ATR are the most frequent gene inclusion criteria for malignant gastric neoplasm clinical trials [3]. ...
Background/Aims: This study was aimed to investigate the current clinical status of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC) in Korea based on a National Health Insurance (NHI) database between 2011 and 2014. Methods: The claims data of ESD for EGC in Korean NHI were re ...
Peter V. Dragonov, MD, FASGE, AGAF, Andrew Y. Wang, MD, AGAF, Mohamed O. Othman, MD, Norio Fukami, MD, AGAF provide a review of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), an established endoscopic resection method in Asian countries, which is gaining practice in Europe and by early adopters in the U.S. for the removal of early cancer and large lesions from the luminal gastrointestinal tract. They discuss the importance of physicians making themselves aware of latest updates in ESD, specifically in the United States, as it becomes more utilized. ...
The most recent issue of Endoscopy reports favorable long-term outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection for locally recurrent early gastric cancer after endoscopic resection.. ...
INTRODUÇÃO: A técnica de ESD (Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection) é um procedimento endoscópico de grande complexidade, com alto índice de complicações e dificuldades técnicas. Para superar este problema,...
Ulterior materialul rezecat va fi recuperat pentru a fi analizat in laboratorul de histopatologie. Gastric Cancer and Role of Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection SLA presupune gastric cancer emr asemenea papilloma neck icd 10 extirparea sistemic a tuturor esuturilor ce nconjur poriunea de stomac care gastric cancer ajcc tumora i a celor care se regsesc de-a lungul arterelor din etajul abdominal superior, n raport cu posibilitile chirurgului de a putea sesiza esuturile sau limfoganglionii invadai tumoral.
Upon deployment, the Resolution Clip is designed to lock securely in place for improved retention.. Clipping Emergent Bleeds Physicians discuss Resolution Clip as an alternative for hemostasis.. Anchoring a J-Tube Dr. J. Robert Evans anchors a jejunum feeding tube with Resolution Clip.. Closure of Large Gastric Defect Dr. Ping-Hong Zhou uses clip after Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection.. Mucosal Defect Closure using Resolution Clips. ...
Our aim was to demonstrate respiratory disturbances using polysomnography (PSG) during propofol sedation for gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection. Among the ten patients, 207 respiratory disturbances were identified by PSG. Apnea hypopnea index (AHI), defined as the number of apnea and hypopnea per hour, detected by PSG was signifi-cantly greater than that detected by pulse oximeter. Obstructive AHI was significantly greater than central AHI. The 25 instances of respiratory disturbances with hypoxemia were detected on an average of 107.4 s before they were detected by pulse oximetry. PSG would be useful for monitoring respiratory conditions with better detectability of AHI ...
The most recent issue of Endoscopy identifies predictive factors for technically difficult endoscopic submucosal dissection in the colorectum ...
Irving S. Wright describes patients with similar symptoms and signs as those with costoclavicular syndrome. However, Wrights patients experience symptoms with hyperabduction of the arms (elevation of the arms above the head). Interestingly, Wright could not reproduce symptoms or pulse obliteration in his patients by using the maneuvers used by Falconer.. Wright went on to test 150 asymptomatic volunteers by performing hyperabduction of their arms while monitoring their pulse. In nearly 90% of volunteers, Wright induced obliteration of the radial pulse, despite the volunteers having no symptoms. In only two of the 150 patients could Wright induce tingling, presumed to represent nerve compression. Interestingly, neither of these patients had a loss of pulse in the same arm position. Wright concluded that clinical obliteration of the pulse was not correlated with compression of the brachial plexus.. Wright also performed anatomic dissections to further understand the underlying mechanism of ...
Subject Matter Experts (SME) were involved in taking this frog dissection app from its conceptualization to its final execution. Their inputs played an important role in designing the app to be scientifically accurate and user friendly. Frog Dissection allows you to dissect a chloroformed specimen complete with dissection instruments ? pins, scalpel, marker, and forceps. Step-by-step instructions and 3D views give an extremely real feel. The best thing about this app is the 3D imaging of anatomy, which gives life like clarity and an exact picture of the specimen?s internal organ system. Each organ can be removed and rotated for a methodical view. This clear dissection sequence gives students the feel of performing a live dissection minus the hassles of a wet lab. This virtual frog dissection is perfect for those who might have formalin allergies, feel uneasy about live dissections, and/or don?t like the smell and mess of a lab ...
The learning curve of ESD procedure in the European settings. Analysis of 45 consecutive cases of colorectal ESDs done in the single academic institution in Poland ...
A complete line of anatomical pathology equipment and consumables, from specimen collection to diagnosis. Our products include laboratory equipment and consumables to support the pre-analytical phase of the testing process in cytology, histology products and services from gross dissection and tissue processing to slide staining and coverslipping.. ...
Background: For flat and/or depressed lesions ranging from 11-20 mm, hybrid ESD, i.e., EMR with circumferential incision (CI), is now prevalent. However, there is no clea..
Sigmaforce Industrial is one of earliest ESD products manufacture in China since 1997.We forcus on high quality ESD personal protective and ergonomics in work enviornment.Our feature products are ESD shoes,ESD garment and ESD chair.We aslo supply other ESD consumables to meet the challenge of high tech industry.
Frauen Dissection, Männer Dissection, Beanie Dissection - Logo - RAZAMATAZ - JB031, Herren Hoodie Dissection - Reaper - RAZAMATAZ - ZH218,...
A hinged dissection of a set of polygons S is a collection of polygonal pieces hinged together at vertices that can be folded into any member of S. We present a hinged dissection of all edge-to-edge gluings of n congruent copies of a polygon P that join corresponding edges of P. This construction uses k n pieces, where k is the number of vertices of P. When P is a regular polygon, we show how to reduce the number of pieces to ⌈k / 2⌉ (n − 1). In particular, we consider polyominoes (made up of unit squares), polyiamonds (made up of equilateral triangles), and polyhexes (made up of regular hexagons). We also give a hinged dissection of all polyabolos (made up of right isosceles triangles), which do not fall under the general result mentioned above. Finally, we show that if P can be hinged into Q, then any edge-to-edge gluing of n congruent copies of P can be hinged into any edge-to-edge gluing of n congruent copies of Q ...
Learn about frog anatomy with this online dissection guide. Find photos and printable PDFs. Includes project video of frog dissection.
Background: Endscopic mucosal resection (EMR) has been accepted as a treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC). The number of EMR procedures for EGC has been increasing because a patients quality of life after EMR is superior to that after surgical gastrectomy. The recently developed EMR procedure, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), makes en-bloc resection possible for mucosal cancer regardless of the size of cancer. In addition, this procedure enable to resect in one piece, therefore accurate pathology can be diagnosed. In Japan, although the number of patients with EGC treated by ESD has increased, the appropriate strategy for treating those with non-curative resection has not been established. Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) with regional lymph node dissection has been used in the treatment of EGC with low mortality and morbidity and improvement in patients quality of life. We performed ESD and LG, by these combinations for EGC. However, ESD is deeper and wide dissection on the gastric ...
Background and Aim: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) enables complete, collective removal of gastrointestinal (GI) malignant tumors, but requires a long operation time. Air insufflated during ESD is distributed throughout the entire GI tract, and thus causes an enlarged feeling of the abdomen. We aimed to reduce the incidence of an enlarged feeling of the abdomen by wedging a balloon in the bulbus duodeni to reduce air flow into the lower parts of the GI tract.. Methods: Sixteen patients who were approved by the institutional ethics committee and provided consent to participate in this single-center, prospective study were divided into two groups using a sealed-envelope randomization method: ESD with a balloon wedged in the bulbus duodeni (the balloon [+] group) or conventional ESD with no balloon (the balloon [−] group). Total air volume in the entire GI tract and its change before and after ESD were measured objectively by 3-D computed tomography.. Results: In the balloon (+) group, ...
Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been accepted as a standard treatment for early gastric cardiac cancer (EGCC). Here, we investigate the clinical outcomes of the EGCC patients who underwent ESD in different indications. Methods: From January 2011 to October 2019, w...
Objectives: For safe and speedy colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), it is desirable that the endoscopist operates the endoscope and treatment device si..
PubMed journal article Endoscopic submucosal dissection for an atypical small verrucous carcinoma: a case repor were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
The superficial external pudendal artery (superficial external pudic artery) is one of the three pudendal arteries. It arises from the medial side of the femoral artery, close to the superficial epigastric artery and superficial iliac circumflex artery. After piercing the femoral sheath and fascia cribrosa, it courses medialward, across the spermatic cord (or round ligament in the female), to be distributed to the integument on the lower part of the abdomen, the penis and scrotum in the male, and the labium majus in the female, anastomosing with branches of the internal pudendal artery. It crosses superficial to the inguinal ligament. Deep external pudendal artery Internal pudendal artery The great saphenous vein and its tributaries at the fossa ovalis. The femoral vein and its tributaries. Schema of the arteries arising from the external iliac and femoral arteries. Anterior abdominal wall.Intermediate dissection.Anterior view This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th ...
0075]Dissection of three pieces of stomach followed by one piece of oesophagus, using the three different methods employed in succession (the different times of each resection were measured and a video recording was made). The steps used were as follows: [0076]a. Demarcation of the mucosal region to be resectioned, by a peripheral marking of several coagulation points made with the tip of a loop. [0077]b. Submucosal injection of physiological saline using an injection needle so as to lift the mucosa of the deep-lying layer: [0078]either manually using a syringe in method 1 (reference method); or [0079]by the WaterJet® (adjusted to 10 bars) in methods 2 and 3. [0080]c. Circular incision around the mucosal region to be removed (thus around the marking points), by electrocoagulation with an endocutting current (3, 120 W) using one of the various electrocoagulation instruments (this is the only step common to all three methods). [0081]d. Submucosal dissection between the mucosa and the musculature: ...
J sleep res 1995;4(7):251 264. The adrenal gland was necessary for satisfactory sterilisation, in individuals from the ovary. Lateral lemniscus n. Either of two types: autoreceptors; and antagonists the toxicity of combination oc pills: Postcoital contraception. It is further away than when using fixed retractors in the operative team to possible pregnancy. Antidepressant adj. Some tremors only occur in acute myocardial infarction; cva, cerebrovascular accident; tia, transient ischemic attack; cad, coronary artery or at bed time. Get even more testosterone than men who slept for 5 to 2 hours. When, by their hydrogen ion concentration in cerebrospinal fluid at the university of wisconsin.) some advocate maintaining ovarian suspension resulted in 31 cases with sodium bicarbonate (chapter 7). Dextromethorphan hydrobromide: It is used to treat acanthosis nigricans. In rats, it is anaemia is one of the relative hypoxemia, and thus the risk of pelvic anatomy and safe dissection techniques. A primary ...
Cutting of soft tissues is an important procedure in oral surgery. Besides of established instruments exist various dissection techniques of minimally invasive surgery, which are not evaluated for oral applications. The aim of this in vitro experimental study was to perform a histological evaluation of incision effects produced in oral mucosa with modern cutting instruments of dental and visceral surgery ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Emotional experiences of medical students during cadaver dissection and the role of memorial ceremonies. T2 - A qualitative study 13 Education 1303 Specialist Studies in Education. AU - Chang, Hyung Joo. AU - Kim, Hyun Jung. AU - Rhyu, Im Joo. AU - Lee, Young Mee. AU - Uhm, Chang Sub. N1 - Funding Information: The study was supported by a Korea University Grant to CSU. Publisher Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s).. PY - 2018/11/12. Y1 - 2018/11/12. N2 - Background: It has been well reported that the emotional experiences of medical students in the gross anatomy laboratory could have significant impacts on their professional identity formation. This qualitative study aimed to investigate students emotions towards cadaver dissection and the educational role of memorial ceremonies. Methods: A total of 37 students from eight teams were recruited in the team-based dissection course during two consecutive academic years (2016 and 2017) at one medical school. In focus group interviews, ...
With the patient initially lying in the left lateral position, a full colonoscopy was first performed to confirm and locate the site of pathology. Patients were then re-positioned such that the lesion was at an anti-gravitational position in the endoscopic view at 6 oclock. This could be easily achieved by seeing the injected water pooling opposite to the lesion. In this position, the gravitational force aided in retracting the lesion away from the submucosal plane during dissection. We then injected 1:100 000 adrenaline saline at 1 cm distal to the lesion, aiming at the submucosal layer. This could be ascertained by seeing the formation of a dwell. With the injecting needle still in situ, the solution was then changed to the mixture of adrenaline saline and sodium hyaluronate to provide a precipitous elevation of sufficient height. After elevating the lesion, a mucosal incision was made proximal to the lesion. The mucosal incision was started at the proximal two thirds of the lesion. After ...
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is widely accepted as a minimally invasive treatment for GI neoplasms.However, one disadvantage of EMR is that lesions larger than 2 cm in diameter must be removed in pieces, which may result in a high recurrence rate of residual tumor tissue. In addition, in most patients, pathological assessment cannot be conducted after the procedure. ESD can overcome the disadvantages of EMR. However, it is difficult to perform ESD for GI neoplasms because of the high rate of complications ...
Knowledge of anatomical location of Superficial External Pudendal Artery (SEPA), its origin and course is very important while exploring SFJ and ligating its various branches.
Firstly, a small incision was made on the peripheral mucosa near the diverticula to clearly identify the submucosa, followed by submucosal injection of 0.4% hyaluronate sodium solution (MucoUp; Johnson & Johnson K.K., Tokyo, Japan) with a needle knife (KD-441Q; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan). The mucosa nearest to diverticula was dissected using the needle knife from the peripheral mucosa toward the side of diverticula, resulting in safe and complete marginal cutting of the mucosa near the diverticula (Fig. 2), and followed by standard colorectal ESD. The entire dissected surface, including the diverticula, was sutured with hemoclips to prevent late complications. Histological examination revealed a curative resection of a carcinoma with adenoma. The patient was hospitalized for 1 week without associated complications and showed excellent postoperative outcomes.. ...
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Nucleus Hydrodissection Cannula, 25 g,Nucleus Hydrodissection Cannula, 25 g. Angled with flattened tip. 7 mm angled shaft with flattened tip for insertion under the capsular flap. Overall length 19 mm. 5/box.,medicine,medical supply,medical supplies,medical product
PENFIELD dissector fig.3, 19.5 cm, This Penfield dissector fig.3, offers a 19.5 cm (7-3/4)lengthThe width of thePenfield dissector spatula fig.3 is 6.5 mm (17/64) maximum and thecurvature40 degrees.The diameter of the oposite end is 5 mm (13/64)It is guaranteed for 5...
Connections between the insular cortex and the amygdaloid complex have been demonstrated using various techniques. Although functionally well connected, the precise anatomical substrate through which the amygdaloid complex and the insula are wired remains unknown. In 1960, Klingler briefly described the fasciculus amygdaloinsularis, a white matter tract connecting the posterior insula with the amygdala. The existence of such a fasciculus seems likely but has not been firmly established, and the reported literature does not include a thorough description and documentation of its anatomy. In this fiber dissection study the authors sought to elucidate the pathway connecting the insular cortex and the mesial temporal lobe. ...
Occurrence of metastatic cancer to the stomach is rare, particularly in patients with prostate cancer. Gastric metastasis generally presents as a solitary and submucosal lesion with a central depression. We describe a case of gastric metastasis arising from prostate cancer, which is almost indistinguishable from the undifferentiated-type gastric cancer. A definitive diagnosis was not made until endoscopic resection. On performing both conventional and magnifying endoscopies, the lesion appeared to be slightly depressed and discolored area and it could not be distinguished from undifferentiated early gastric cancer. Biopsy from the lesion was negative for immunohistochemical staining of prostate-specific antigen, a sensitive and specific marker for prostate cancer. Thus, false initial diagnosis of an early primary gastric cancer was made and endoscopic submucosal dissection was performed. Pathological findings from the resected specimen aroused suspicion of a metastatic lesion. Consequently,
The ultrasonic dissector does not possess hemostatic properties, but serves only to remove or divide parenchyma, exposing vascular structures and bile ducts. These structures can be then controlled with conventional technique (ligation, clipping, coagulation) or by the use of the harmonic scalpel. The ultrasonic vibration (range about 100 ,i) of the hand piece hollow titanium tip selectively destroys liver parenchyma cells because of their high water content. It preserves the vascular and bile duct structures due to their higher content of elastin and collagen. The tip of the hand piece is constantly irrigated. A suction line parallel to the hollow tip aspirates the irrigation fluid, blood, and small tissue fragments. The ultrasonic dissector allows a decrease in blood loss and provides extensive exposure and dissection of large anatomical structures like portal and hepatic venous branches [22, 23]. Preservation of these structures is necessary when the resected portion of the liver will be used ...
Of two PCS (n = 2), one migrated and one became embedded leading to difficult stent removal. Endoscopic clips have been used on gastric tumors, post‐sphincterotomies, arterio-venous malformations and diverticular bleeds. The precursor of colon cancer is called a polyp. As such, we do not routinely clip cold EMR defects but would consider doing so if there is pulsatile bleeding or ongoing oozing or a specific concern in a particular patient. Carr-Locke, Saltzman, and Soetikno discuss and demonstrate why they feel the Instinct is the best clip on the market! The arms are elongate linear cantilevered beams extending beyond the base and are biased to a first or closed position generally within the plane. Endoscopic removal of sessile and flat colonic lesions larger than 2 cm has become a standard procedure in most health care systems.2, 3. Standard polypectomy, endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are established techniques for the resection of superficial ...
Twenty tumors in 20 patients (13 males:7 females) with a mean age of 74.4 ± 7.5 were included. Mean tumor size was 27.6 ± 6.4 mm. Nearby vulnerable structure(s) were identified as the ureter in 5/20 cases, the PUJ in 8/20 cases and both the PUJ and the ureter in the remaining 7/20 cases (35%) cases. Mean minimal distance between the tumor and the vulnerable organ(s) was 4.8 ± 2.6 mm (range 0-10). A mean of 1.7 ± 0.6 spinal needles were used per intervention with a mean time to complete hydrodissection of 18.6 ± 13.4 min. Primary and secondary technical efficacy rates were 90% and 95%, respectively. Mean follow-up was 23.1 ± 9.2 months. There were no immediate or delayed complications, in particular no urothelial strictures. Two tumor recurrences occurred during follow-up, with a time to disease progression of 13 and 31 months, respectively ...
You may cite this article as: Dantas GC, Travesso DJ, Amoedo MK, Barbosa PNV, Tyng CJ. Modified hydrodissection for percutaneuous biopsy of small lesions: the marshmallow technique. Diagn Interv Radiol 2020; 26:72-73. ...
Association between Delay in Surgical Treatment and Perforation in Acute Appendicitis. Hemiagenesis of the Left Thyroid Lobe. Gastric Type Adenocarcinoma with Fundic Gland Differentiation in the Duodenum Resected by ESD (Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection). Unusual Presentation of CML in Pregnancy. Thoroughbred Race Horses Management: A Key Role of the Veterinarian. Articles related to hyperplasia are open access to read here.
For the early IAL rectal cancer group (i.e., node negative patients who underwent polypectomy or endoscopic submucosal dissection before surgery due to incorrect T staging of the primary tumor), NL showed a statistical value in predicting DFS (p=0.016) and OS (p=0.014) (Table 3, Fig. 2). Therefore, in patients with three or less total lymph node, there was a difference in the DFS and OS, and close observation is warranted.. Johnson et al. [13] reported that increasing the negative lymph node count is independently associated with improved long-term survival in stage IIIB and IIIC colon cancer but not stage IIIA. They also divided patients into subgroups of those with ≤ 3, 4-7, 8-12, or ≥ 13 negative lymph nodes. Cumulative 5-year cancer mortality was 27% in stage IIIB patients with ≥ 13 negative nodes identified versus 45% in those with three or fewer negative lymph nodes evaluated (p , 0.001). In patients with stage IIIC cancer, those with ≥ 13 negative nodes had a 5-year mortality of ...
In situ gelation properties of a collagen-genipin sol with a potential for the treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers Takefumi Narita,1 Shunji Yunoki,1 Yoshimi Ohyabu,1 Naohisa Yahagi,2 Toshio Uraoka3 1Biotechnology Group, Tokyo Metropolitan Industrial Technology Research Institute, Koto-ku, 2Division of Research and Development for Minimally Invasive Treatment, Cancer Center, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, 3Department of Gastroenterology, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan Abstract: We investigated the potential of collagen-genipin sols as biomaterials for treating artificial ulcers following endoscopic submucosal dissection. Collagen sol viscosity increased with condensation, allowing retention on tilted ulcers before gelation and resulting in collagen gel deposition on whole ulcers. The 1.44% collagen sols containing genipin as a crosslinker retained sol fluidity at 23°C for |20 min, facilitating endoscopic use. Collagen sols formed gel
Endoscopic submucosal dissection is found to be a safe and effective treatment for patients with superficial pharyngeal cancer, according to a recent study.
education. To reduce the anxiety of the medical students by mentally preparing them before going to the dissection room. The questionnaires were distributed among 68 medical students. The pre-dissection questionnaire comprised questions related to demographic data and the first encounter with a cadaver. The students were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group was prepared psychologically prior to dissection, but the control group entered the dissection room without any preparation. After the first dissection class, all students were surveyed by the second questionnaire which surveyed physical and cognitive symptoms of anxiety, resulting from exposure to the dissection room at the first visit and six weeks later. There was a significant difference [p
Dissector Companion to Atlas of Human Anatomy Over 400 short videos highlight the steps in a full-body human dissection in the gross anatomy lab. Each step is narrated and key structures labeled. Text of the audio is included for each video so that the narration can be appreciated without audio as well. In addition, key structures are defined and linked to a library of illustrations from the Atlas of Human Anatomy by world-renowned physician-artist Frank H. Netter, MD. The illustrations can be viewed in Test-Yourself mode to quiz your knowledge of structure names. This Retail Access Card contains a pincode that can be used to access the enhanced eBook on The eBook is viewable on desktop, laptop, and on phones and devices (via the Inkling app).
Once you have seen the dissected form, it is common to want to take the next step and do your own dissecting. This workshop allows you to take that next step. The art of dissection is the art of revealing the hidden treasures in the forms. It is the art of sculpting new perspectives through creative and curious exploration. The safe use of dissection tools and techniques will be taught. Projects will be yours to choose and pursue. Many anatomy models and texts will also be on hand ...
This article describes how to create a Wireshark dissector as well as how to setup the Wireshark build environment.; Author: KenThompson; Updated: 22 Jul 2007; Section: Internet / Network; Chapter: General Programming; Updated: 22 Jul 2007
Name: Wireshark LDP dissector buffer overflow Docid: wnpa-sec-2012-29 Date: October 2, 2012 Affected versions: 1.8.0 to 1.8.2 Fixed versions: 1.8.3 References: Wireshark bug 7567 ...
Objective. We conducted this study to develop a sonographically guided approach to the spinal nerve of the lumbar spine and to assess its feasibility and accuracy by means of computed tomography (CT). Methods. Fifty sonographically guided approaches at 5 levels (L1-S1) were performed on 5 embalmed cadavers, which were positioned prone. The spinal nerves of the lumbar spine
Lung. Surgeons who altered the treatment of lung cancer by performing lobectomy, pneumonectomy, or segmental resection of the lung received considerable recognition. Hugh Davies performed the first lobectomy in 1912 using anatomic dissection ( 7, 8). In reporting the results of Davies operation, Naef wrote, If his patient had not died 28 days after the operation, he would have preceded Evarts Grahams first lung resection by 21 years ( 8). Although Davies also received acclaim for being … the earliest advocate of interdisciplinary teamwork in thoracic medicine ( 8), his publication provides no information related to lung cancer other than a technical description of how he performed the operation. A report by Harold Brunn of a single cancer patient who had a one-stage lobectomy provides information only about an operative technique he used ( 9).. Although Rudolph Nissen was credited with performing the first total pneumonectomy in 1931 ( 10), he was recognized for an operation that ...
510-430 BC - Alcmaeon of Croton scientific anatomic dissections. He studied the optic nerves and the brain, arguing that the brain was the seat of the senses and intelligence. He distinguished veins from the arteries and had at least vague understanding of the circulation of the blood.[2] Variously described by modern scholars as Father of Anatomy; Father of Physiology; Father of Embryology; Father of Psychology; Creator of Psychiatry; Founder of Gynecology; and as the Father of Medicine itself.[6] There is little evidence to support the claims but he is, nonetheless, important.[5][7 ...
510-430 BC - Alcmaeon of Croton scientific anatomic dissections. He studied the optic nerves and the brain, arguing that the brain was the seat of the senses and intelligence. He distinguished veins from the arteries and had at least vague understanding of the circulation of the blood.[2] Variously described by modern scholars as Father of Anatomy; Father of Physiology; Father of Embryology; Father of Psychology; Creator of Psychiatry; Founder of Gynecology; and as the Father of Medicine itself.[6] There is little evidence to support the claims but he is, nonetheless, important.[5][7 ...
IIDavid Chorn was previously Anatomy Teaching Prosector in the School of Biomedical Sciences, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK, and is currently Senior Tutor in Anatomy in the Faculty of Health Sciences at Wits. Correspondence. The dissection of human cadavers is a complex topic that can be comprehended only if a number of factors are taken into account, as illustrated by the example of Herophilus of Chalcedon, who was the first dissector in the Western medical tradition. The social, cultural, political and intellectual climate of Hellenistic Alexandria in the third century BC provided Herophilus with opportunities to dissect - and possibly vivisect - human bodies. He was thus able to make an unprecedented number of anatomical discoveries and accompanying accurate descriptions. Subsequent changes in Alexandrian society and its intellectual climate saw the rapid demise of the practice of dissection - its resurgence occurring only some 15 centuries later.. Probably no issue in medicine has ...
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether ultrasound allows precise assessment of a focal defect at the lateral patellar retinaculum (LPR) and to determine its anatomical significance. Materials and methods: This work was initially undertaken in four cadaveric specimens and followed by high-resolution ultrasound study in 48 healthy adult volunteers (96 knees) by two musculoskeletal radiologists. Dimension and location of the LPR defect and its relations to adjacent anatomical structures were analyzed. Results: A focal defect of the LPR through which vessels penetrated was constantly identified by ultrasound in our population. The mean transverse diameter of the defect was 2.4 mm (range, 1-6 mm). The defect was located a mean of 23.7 mm (range, 18-30 mm) proximal to the lateral tibial plateau and 6.6 mm (range, 4-9 mm) lateral to the patellar tendon. Anatomical dissection demonstrated that the LPR defect is related to perforating vessels that originate from the peripatellar ...
Scientists in Edinburgh will perform the first public anatomy lectures using human bodies since the 1800s, when serial killers Burke and Hare profited from selling corpses to a medical school.
A method for removing a vessel from a patients body comprises the steps of identifying the vessel to be removing and providing an incision in the patients body near the identified vessel. An optical dissector is inserted through the incision and tissue is optically dissected away from the surface of the vessel with the optical dissector. The optical dissector is then withdrawn from the body through the incision. An optical retractor is inserted into the body through the incision and is used to retract the dissected tissue away from the surface of the vessel thereby providing space between the dissected vessel and the retracted tissue. The vessel and its side branches are then dissected, ligated and transected and the vessel is then removed from the body through the incision.
Stiff The Curious Lives Of Human Cadavers Author: Ziegler-2020-10-20-11-26-16 Subject: Stiff The Curious Lives Of Human Cadavers Keywords: stiff,the,curious,lives,of,human,cadavers Created Date: 10/20/2020 11:26:16 AM But she does so in first -person. Its morbid and horrifying to think about, but also fascinating, and in a way mesmerizing. They had interests, careers, families, pet peeves, and so on. In Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers, Roach explores the topic with great journalistic gusto and turns the uncomfortable subject into a quite unforgettable narrative. Its funny to hear about the early autopsies, and medicinal uses of...umm..bodily fluids and what not. Mary Roach is the author of the New York Times bestsellers STIFF: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers; GULP: Adventures on the Alimentary Canal, PACKING FOR MARS: The Curious Science of Life in the Void; and BONK: The Curious Coupling of Science and Sex. Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers ...
PART II--THE FORE LIMB CHAP. ... read more PAGE I. SUPERFICIAL EXAMINATION........ i II. SUPERFICIAL DISSECTIONS........ 9 III. THE LIMB IN SECTION......... 31 IV. THE BONES-FRACTURES AND EXOSTOSES . . . .40 V. THE JOINTS............ 72 VI. THE TENDONS, LIGAMENTS, TENDON SHEATHS, AND BURS.E............ 117 VII. THE NERVES............ 138 VIII. THE BLOOD AND LYMPH VESSELS....... 167 MUSCLES OF FORE LIMB......... 186IV. Superficial Dissection of Fore Limb, Outer Aspect . V. Superficial Dissection of Fore Limb, Outer Aspect (continued) VI. Superficial Dissection of Fore Limb, Inner Aspect VII. Superficial Dissection of Fore Limb, Inner Aspect (continued) VIII. Longitudinal Section...... IX. Transverse Section just below Seat of Median Neurectomy XXI. Transverse Section across Knee ..... 5XXX. Seat of Median Neurectomy Dissected .... HALF-TONE PLATES I. Outer Aspect of Shoulder and Arm II. Right Fore Limb. Outer Aspect III. Inner Aspect of Right Fore Limb X. Transverse Section across Left ...
Prepared by preeminent hand surgeons and a master medical illustrator, this text/atlas is the most comprehensive reference on surgical anatomy of the hand and upper extremity. It features 500 full-color photographs of fresh cadaver dissections and 1,000 meticulous drawings that offer a realistic, detailed view of the complex anatomy encountered during surgical procedures. The text is thorough and replete with clinical applications ...
A method for percutaneous dissection of a segment of vascular tissue from a patient is provided which includes providing an elongated tubular member having a proximal end and a distal end, and blunt dissection structure positioned adjacent the distal end of the tubular member and remotely actuable from adjacent the proximal end of the tubular member. The method further provides for percutaneously accessing a first end portion of the vascular tissue segment, the blunt dissection structure is positioned adjacent the vascular tissue segment and is actuated to bluntly dissect the vascular tissue segment from surrounding body tissue.
Basic Ultrasound Workshop with didactic lectures, hands on Ultrasound imaging workshop in human models, anatomical dissections and ...
Several cell adhesion molecules involved in neuron-neuron and neuron- glia interactions have been identified in our laboratory and have been shown to undergo cell surface modulation. In the case of the neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM), it has been found that during development the molecule is converted from a microheterogeneous embryonic (E) form containing 30 gm of sialic acid/100 gm of polypeptide to several distinct adult (A) forms containing one third as much of this sugar. In vitro analyses indicate that this change is accompanied by a 4-fold increase in the rate of N-CAM homophilic binding. In the present study of the mouse and the chick, alterations of N-CAMs occurring as a result of E----A conversion, prevalence modulation, and changes in antigenic state during the development of different neural regions were analyzed by the use of highly specific polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies combined with anatomical dissection and several new quantitative assays. We made the following ...
Long rectangles (80mm x700mm) were cut from artificial fur fabric. The two long edges were sewn together and overlocked, with the fur on the inside. The ends were left open so that marbles could be introduced. Plastic cling wrap was used to simulate the gut mesentry, with coloured yarn to simulate arteries, veins, lymphatics and nerves within the mesentry.. ...
During the last 15 years several brain microdissection techniques have been developed (see Cuello and Carson, 1983; Palkovits and Brownstein, 1983, 1988) and applied for a number of purposes,...
How to dissect a frog Dissection Alternatives Human Dissections Virtual Frog Dissection Alternatives To Animal Dissection in ... Dissection of a spiny dogfish Dissection of human axilla Human abdomen and thorax Cow brain prepared for dissection Dissection ... Consequently, dissection is typically conducted in a morgue or in an anatomy lab. Dissection has been used for centuries to ... As for the dissection of cadavers in undergraduate and medical school, traditional dissection is supported by professors and ...
Dissection puzzle Hilbert's third problem Hinged dissection Stein, Sherman K. (March 2004), "Cutting a Polygon into Triangles ... In geometry, a dissection problem is the problem of partitioning a geometric figure (such as a polytope or ball) into smaller ... It is not true, however, that any polyhedron has a dissection into any other polyhedron of the same volume using polyhedral ... In this context, the partitioning is called simply a dissection (of one polytope into another). It is usually required that the ...
"The First Era". Dimmu Borgir/Dissection: Live & Plugged Vol. II, Nuclear Blast 1997. "Official DISSECTION website". Dissection. ... In 1997, Dissection played the Gods of Darkness tour together with Cradle of Filth, In Flames and Dimmu Borgir. Dissection's ... "dissection -". Retrieved 8 February 2019. "REINKAΩS". Archived from the original ... "The Somberlain - Dissection". January 1993. Retrieved 13 August 2014. "Storm of the Light's Bane - Dissection ...
"Axillary Lymph Node Dissection". 2018-09-19. Retrieved 2020-04-07. "Axillary Dissection: Overview, ... Axillary dissection is a surgical procedure that incises the axilla, usually in order to identify, examine, or take out lymph ... The axillary dissection procedure is commonly used in treating the underarm portion of women who are dealing with breast cancer ... Conducting the axillary dissection procedure on patients who are node negative can result in over-treatment and unnecessary ...
Usually, a dissection is an arterial wall dissection, but rarely it may be a vein wall dissection (VWD). By separating a ... Examples include: Aortic dissection (aorta) Coronary artery dissection (coronary artery) Carotid artery dissection (carotid ... For example, in an aortic dissection, if the left subclavian artery orifice were distal to the origin of the dissection, then ... "cervical artery dissection". Salgado OJ, Chacón RE, Alcalá A, Alvarez G (2005). "Vein wall dissection: a rare puncture-related ...
... was introduced by George (1973); the name was suggested by Garrett Birkhoff. Nested dissection consists of ... In numerical analysis, nested dissection is a divide and conquer heuristic for the solution of sparse symmetric systems of ... Gilbert, John R.; Tarjan, Robert E. (1986), "The analysis of a nested dissection algorithm", Numerische Mathematik, 50 (4): 377 ... Lipton, Richard J.; Rose, Donald J.; Tarjan, Robert E. (1979), "Generalized nested dissection", SIAM Journal on Numerical ...
... discriminates among varieties of superficially similar disorders or syndromes by their differential ... BehaveNet, s.v. pharmacological dissection [1] William A. Spencer, "Factors of Significance in the Respiratory System", Annals ... "dissection" of the patterning of respiration with morphine and dl-Dromoran." Donald Klein, "Anxiety reconceptualized: Gleaning ... from pharmacological dissection: Early experience with imipramine and anxiety" Modern problems of pharmacopsychiatry, 1987 v t ...
... may refer to: Aortic dissection Carotid artery dissection Coronary artery dissection Vertebral artery ... dissection This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Artery dissection. If an internal link led you ...
Patient Information for neck dissection at Georgetown Univ. Hospital Neck dissection: an operation in evolution in World ... The neck dissection is a surgical procedure for control of neck lymph node metastasis from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the ... Modified Radical Neck Dissection (MRND) - removal of all lymph node groups routinely removed in a RND, but with preservation of ... Radical Neck Dissection (RND) - removal of all ipsilateral cervical lymph node groups from levels I through V, together with ...
... s are an early form of geometric puzzle. The earliest known descriptions of dissection puzzles are from the ... Since then, dissection puzzles have been used for entertainment and maths education, and creation of complex dissection puzzles ... The creation of new dissection puzzles is also considered to be a type of dissection puzzle. Puzzles may include various ... Other dissections are intended to move between a pair of geometric shapes, such as a triangle to a square, or a square to a ...
Dissection may also refer to: The dissection problem in geometry Dissection (medical), a tear in a blood vessel Dissection ( ... Look up dissection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Dissection is the dismembering of the body of a deceased animal or plant ... a plateau area This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Dissection. If an internal link led you here, ... band), a Swedish extreme metal band Dissection (album), a 1997 Crimson Thorn album Dissected plateau, ...
... is a concept in U.S. copyright law analysis of computer software. Analytic dissection is a tool for ... In analytic dissection, unprotectable elements of a work are dissected out and discarded before making any comparison of the ...
In geometry, a hinged dissection, also known as a swing-hinged dissection or Dudeney dissection, is a kind of geometric ... Other types of "hinges" have been considered in the context of dissections. A twist-hinge dissection is one which use a three- ... An applet demonstrating Dudeney's hinged square-triangle dissection A gallery of hinged dissections (Articles with short ... model of hinged dissection. The concept of hinged dissections was popularised by the author of mathematical puzzles, Henry ...
... with an intramural hematoma as seen on TEE Type A aortic dissection Type A aortic dissection Dissection of ... died unexpectedly at home from an aortic dissection, at the age of 60. Carotid artery dissection Vertebral artery dissection ... The dissection may dilate the annulus of the aortic valve, preventing the leaflets of the valve from coapting. The dissection ... It categorizes the dissection based on where the original intimal tear is located and the extent of the dissection (localized ...
Repairs are often required[citation needed]. Blunt dissection is contrasted to sharp dissection, the practice of slicing ... Indeed, blunt dissection is now considered the favoured approach for the insertion of large bore chest tubes since it results ... Blunt dissection consumes a large proportion of time in most surgeries and has not changed significantly in centuries. It ... Blunt dissection describes the careful separation of tissues along tissue planes by either fingers or convenient blunt ...
... is dissection of one of the layers that compose the carotid and vertebral artery in the neck (cervix ... Cervical artery dissections are a significant cause of strokes in young adults. A dissection typically results in a tear in one ... Traumatic cervical artery dissections are dissections that occur after any sort of trauma to the neck, ranging from minor ... Spontaneous cervical artery dissections are dissections that occur without any trauma to the neck. More specifically, this can ...
... is less common than carotid artery dissection (dissection of the large arteries in the front of the ... Vertebral artery dissection is one of the two types of dissection of the arteries in the neck. The other type, carotid artery ... international research collaboration into cervical artery dissection Aortic dissection Carotid artery dissection (Articles with ... It may be that manipulation can cause dissection, or it may be that the dissection is already present in some people who seek ...
For a reliable en bloc resection of GI neoplasms, a new method of ER called endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been ... Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an advanced surgical procedure using endoscopy to remove gastrointestinal tumors that ... Kakushima, Naomi; Fujishiro, Mitsuhiro (2008). "Endoscopic submucosal dissection for gastrointestinal neoplasms". World Journal ... and subsequent dissection of the connective tissue of the submucosa beneath the lesion. The major advantages of this technique ...
White matter fibre dissection is nowadays considered as a valuable tool to enhance our knowledge about brain connectivity, and ... White matter dissection refers to a special anatomical technique able to reveal the subcortical organization of white matter ... However, the biggest impact on the dissection of white matter anatomy was made by Joseph Klingler who developed a new method ... This technique became more feasible and widely used due to an increased quality of dissection and surprising quality of ...
... or FAD refers to the splitting of the wall of the aorta in either the arch, ascending or descending ... Dissection refers to the actual tearing open of the aorta. However, the exact gene(s) involved has not yet been identified. It ... Mutations in the genes TGFBR 1 and 2 are known to cause dissections in aortas with normal diameter size (>4.3 cm) and gene FPN1 ... FAD is thought to be passed down as an autosomal dominant disease and once inherited will result in dissection of the aorta, ...
A dissection of a shape S {\displaystyle S} (which may be any closed set in Euclidean space) is a representation of S {\ ... Therefore, if Hadwiger's conjecture is true, every convex polytope would also have a dissection into orthoschemes. A related ... Therefore, for simplexes that can be partitioned into orthoschemes, their dissections can have arbitrarily large numbers of ... "Dissection of the path-simplex in R n {\displaystyle \mathbb {R} ^{n}} into n {\displaystyle n} path-subsimplices", Linear ...
It may be that manipulation can cause dissection, or it may be that the dissection is already present in some people who seek ... Aortic dissection Vertebral artery dissection Amal Mattu; Deepi Goyal; Barrett, Jeffrey W.; Joshua Broder; DeAngelis, Michael; ... The incidence of spontaneous carotid artery dissection is low, and incidence rates for internal carotid artery dissection have ... including intimal dissections, pseudoaneurysms, thromboses, or fistulas. Of these, 76% had intimal dissections, pseudoaneurysms ...
Dissection (medical) Aortic dissection Kounis syndrome Pretty HC (18 April 1931). "Dissecting aneurysm of coronary artery in a ... "Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection Postpartum" "Spontaneous-Coronary-Artery-Dissection-Case-Series-and-Review" (Articles ... The dissection leads to a collection of blood, or hematoma, between the layers of the artery wall. The hematoma does not carry ... MedHelp:Coronary artery dissection treatment Tweet MS, Eleid MF, Best PJ, Lennon RJ, Lerman A, Rihal CS, Holmes DR, Hayes SN, ...
... (RPLND) is a surgical procedure to remove abdominal lymph nodes. It is used to treat ... "Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection , Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library". Retrieved 2017-12-10. ... "About Your Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection , Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center". Retrieved 2017-12-10 ...
... is a very rare vascular genetic disorder, it's characterized by ... "Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm & Aortic Dissection". Guo, Dong-Chuan; Regalado, Ellen S.; Minn, Charles; Tran-Fadulu, Van; Coney, ... "Orphanet: Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection". Omar, Sabry; Moore, Tyler; Payne, Drew; Momeni, Parastoo; ... "Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection: MedlinePlus Genetics". "Familial thoracic aortic aneurysm and aortic ...
The Dissection and Reconstruction of Music From the Past as Performed by the Inmates of Lalo Schifrin's Demented Ensemble as a ... "The Dissection and Reconstruction of Music From the Past as Performed By the Inmates of Lalo Schifrin's Demented Ensemble as a ...
"CoC : Dissection : Interview : 12/13/1995". Retrieved 20 November 2016. "DISSECTION: Ultimate ... Storm of the Light's Bane is the second full-length album by Swedish black metal band Dissection. It was released on 17 ... Dissection Jon Nödtveidt - vocals, lead, rhythm & acoustic guitars Johan Norman - rhythm guitar Peter Palmdahl - bass guitar ... Storm of the Light's Bane (booklet). Dissection. The End Records. 2006.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV ...
FAUST LEAVES DISSECTION BECAUSE OF THE SATANIC CONCEPT, accessed on 25 October 2012. Dissection: Live Legacy, Nuclear Blast ... "stand behind and live up to the demands of Dissection's Satanic concept." He started calling Dissection "the sonic propaganda ... "Top 5 Dissection Clones". Decibel. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2018. ANDREW, J (19 February ... Dissection. Fear the Return!. In: Jon Kristiansen: Metalion: The Slayer Mag Diaries. Brooklyn, NY: Bazillion Points Books 2011 ...
"Dissection". Allmusic. Retrieved 17 July 2009. Henderson, Alex. "Voices from Within review". Allmusic. Retrieved 17 July 2009. ...
"Official Dissection Website :: Reinkaos". Archived from the original on 8 February 2008. "Dissection Frontman ... "Dissection. Interview with Jon Nödtveidt. June 2003". Metal Centre. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 30 ... "Dissection Guitarist: Jon Nödtveidt Didn't Have Copy of 'The Satanic Bible' at Suicide Scene". Blabbermouth. 23 August 2006. ... The group has been connected to the Swedish black/death metal band Dissection, particularly its front man Jon Nödtveidt. ...
Tears in the intimal layer result in the propagation of dissection (proximally or distally) secondary to blood entering the ... Aortic dissection (see the image below) is defined as separation of the layers within the aortic wall. ... Image A represents a Stanford A or a DeBakey type 1 dissection. Image B represents a Stanford A or DeBakey type II dissection. ... Angiogram demonstrating dissection of the aorta in a patient with aortic dissection presenting with hemothorax. ...
Aortic dissection is a serious condition in which there is a tear in the wall of the major artery carrying blood out of the ... Aortic dissection is a serious condition in which there is a tear in the wall of the major artery carrying blood out of the ... Aortic dissection most often happens because of a tear or damage to the inner wall of the aorta. This very often occurs in the ... Aortic dissection occurs in about 2 out of every 10,000 people. It can affect anyone, but is most often seen in men ages 40 to ...
A pair of Anatomage Tables at Battle Ground High School in Washington allow students to conduct virtual dissections and view ... A pair of Anatomage Tables at Battle Ground High School in Washington allow students to conduct virtual dissections and view ... the Anatomage Table is a new piece of technology that allows students to conduct virtual dissections and view detailed scans of ...
Dissections is an international horror e-zine that welcomes horror-related textual and visual submissions. ... Domestic Dissection: Mike Arnzens Domestic Horror by Gina Wisker: 5. Scary as Hell: The Roots of Horror by David Pendery: 6 ...
... Cost of $35 includes one eyeball!. Hivebio will be hosting an eyeball dissection class taught by Anna ... No dissection of biology experience required, just enthusiasm and curiosity.. Instructor Profile. Anna McCann obtained a MSc in ... She has been teaching this dissection class for 4 years to undergraduate students at both Cal Poly and UW. ...
Tears in the intimal layer result in the propagation of dissection (proximally or distally) secondary to blood entering the ... Aortic dissection (see the image below) is defined as separation of the layers within the aortic wall. ... Image A represents a Stanford A or a DeBakey type 1 dissection. Image B represents a Stanford A or DeBakey type II dissection. ... Angiogram demonstrating dissection of the aorta in a patient with aortic dissection presenting with hemothorax. ...
Learn how your school can receive a free alternative to dissection for use in science classrooms! ...
based on several studies suggested that lobe-specific lymph node dissection (LSD) is equivalent to SLND in early-stage NSCLC. ... Gschwend JE Herr HW . Pelvic lymph node dissection can be curative in patients with node positive bladder cancer . J Urol 1999 ... Treatment has evolved from elective lymph node dissections to newer strategies identifying the most at-risk patients through ... Impact of the Extent of Lymph Node Dissection on Precise Staging and Survival in Clinical I-II Pure-Solid Lung Cancer ...
A simple manipulator for insect dissection / by C. D. Ramsdale  Ramsdale, C. D; World Health Organization (‎World Health ... Successful dissection of the salivary glands and mid-guts of mosquitos two and a half years after freeze-drying / by L. ... Age determination of mosquitos through dissection for filarial larvae / by W. J. O. M. van Dijk  ...
Aortic diameter might not be an optimal parameter to predict dissection. Most aortas dissect at diameters below 55 mm. Both the ... Ascending aortic elongation and the risk of dissection Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2016 Aug;50(2):241-7. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezw025 ... Conclusions: Aortic diameter might not be an optimal parameter to predict dissection. Most aortas dissect at diameters below 55 ... Objectives: Unlike aneurysm formation, the role of ascending aortic elongation in the pathogenesis of Type A aortic dissection ...
Browse a full range of Dissection Needles products from leading suppliers. Shop now at Fisher Scientific for all of your ... Dissection Needles. Dissection Needles. Needles used for delicate dissection, separation, and tissue manipulation without ... Tease dissection tissues with 5.5″& (14.0cm) Epredia™ Shandon™ Straight Point Teasing Needles. ... Fisherbrand Dissecting Needles for delicate dissection, separation, and manipulating tissue without tearing ...
Yet opponents of virtual-only dissection are not simply traditionalists stuck in the past. "Cadaveric dissection is a very ... In todays American medical education, all but a handful of medical schools make cadaver dissection or prosection (dissection ... Cadaver dissection is a rite of passage in medical schools-the deceased person is a medical students introduction to the human ... The use of anatomical dissection has been a cornerstone of medical education for hundreds of years. In centuries past, bodies ...
10, 1997, issue of The Scientist (Instructors Reconsider Dissections Role in Biology Classes, page 13) of great interest. ... Dissections Role. I found Ricki Lewiss article in the Nov. 10, 1997, issue of The Scientist ("Instructors Reconsider ... The imaginative alternatives to dissection now available to life science teachers may satisfy academic requirements at the ... Dissections Role in Biology Classes," page 13) of great interest. Having attained a baccalaureate in biology in the 1970s and ...
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All music by Surgical Dissection. Recording information:. Recorded at Studio PEBA (Sliač) during 22.-23. March ...
You can explore 3 ways to buy:. Find and visit a Local Record Store and get phone number and directions (call first, there is no guarantee which products may be in stock locally). Purchase now from a local store that sells online. Purchase digitally now from (which serves local record stores). ...
hello kitty dissection Hello Kitty Dissection. October 31, 2010. by onezero Most people put Hello Kitty and Halloween together ... Categories Art, Strange, Toys, Uncategorized Tags Hello Kitty, Hello Kitty Balzac, hello kitty dissection, Hello Kitty skeleton ... Jason Freeny (of Hello Kitty anatomy fame) decided that Halloween 2010 should be dedicated to the dissection of the official ...
Have a problem, comment or any issue with this page? Then we want to hear from you! If you have a suggestion on how we can improve this page, please let us know in the comment space below. Please, provide as much detail as possible to help expedite your request.. ...
Aortic Dissection Treatment. What is the treatment for aortic dissection?. A Type A aortic dissection is a medical emergency ... Aortic Dissection Diagnosis. How is an aortic dissection diagnosed?. If an aortic dissection is suspected, CT angiography or ... Aortic Dissection Symptoms. What are the symptoms of aortic dissection?. Aortic dissection symptoms appear suddenly and are ... Aortic Dissection Causes. What are the causes of aortic dissection?. There are numerous factors that will increase the risk of ...
"Biology Word Dissections." ThoughtCo, Jul. 29, 2021, Bailey, Regina. (2021, July ... To perform our word dissection, well need to proceed carefully. First, we come to the prefix (pneu-), or (pneumo-) which means ... To demonstrate this concept, lets begin by performing a biology word dissection on the word above. Well take this long, ... Similar to how many biology students will dissect an animal, by performing a biology word dissection, even the most complex ...
Students can use the Squid Dissection Guide to explore the ... plan of mollusks and make for an excellent first dissection. ... Squid Dissection. Squid can be purchased from biological supply companies, they are an inexpensive way to study the body plan ... Students can use the Squid Dissection Guide to explore the external and internal anatomy of the squid. ... of mollusks and make for an excellent first dissection. Alternately, you can purchase whole squid from many grocery stores and ...
The nations oldest official wildlife refuge, Lake Merritt has long been Oaklands center of civic life as well as a destination for urban naturalists. But its Rotary Nature Center, for more than 50 years a site of public programming, closed with little warning in March, 2017. This Saturday marks its anticipated reopening. The event, which
Indesignlives Dissections is where to find them. We list out all the FF&E, just for you. ... Dissections. Want to know what was specified in that sparkling project? Indesignlives Dissections is where to find them. We ... Dissections: Winc, by Business Interiors. Winc is a workplace solutions company, standing as a market leader in office ...
A genetic dissection of breed composition and performance enhancement in the Alaskan sled dog. *Heather J Huson1,2, ... Huson, H.J., Parker, H.G., Runstadler, J. et al. A genetic dissection of breed composition and performance enhancement in the ... A genetic dissection of breed composition and performance enhancement in the Alaskan sled dog ...
This kit is specifically designed for 1-2 students to conduct extensive dissections in the classroom or in their own home. ... grass frog dissection mat providing in-depth information on the specimens anatomy ... dissection, and disposal. Information packets are included in each kit, along with detailed instructions on how to dispose of ... Frey Choice Dissection Kit, Basic Frog, image:, type: ...
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Sharp Dissection of the Mueller Report at Lawfareblog. Expert analysis from expert analysts. Butch Bracknell · Friday, April 19 ...
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  • Dissection in Marfan syndrome: the importance of the descending aorta. (
  • According to the more popular Stanford system, dissections involving the ascending aorta are classified as type A, whereas those involving only the descending aorta are classified as type B. The older DeBakey system differentiates between dissections evolving from the ascending aorta and affecting all aortic segments (type I), less extensive ones affecting only the ascending fragment (type II), and dissections affecting only descending aorta (type III) ( fig. 1 ). (
  • A large horizontal intimal tear was found to be located 3 cm above the aortic valve plane, and the dissection extended to the distal thoracic descending aorta. (
  • Extracranial vertebral artery dissection. (
  • However, doctors in Kashmir have frowned on this practice and have asked people to avoid "neck-manipulation", as it could lead to vertebral artery dissection and immediate strokes. (
  • If any vessel gets damaged, it can lead to vertebral artery dissection and can even cause death to the patient," he said. (
  • Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is a relatively rare but increasingly recognized cause of stroke in patients younger than 45 years. (
  • INTRODUCTION : Up to 40% of patients after axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) develop breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL), which has significant medical, financial, and psychosocial implications. (
  • There are numerous factors that will increase the risk of aortic dissection. (
  • Genetic disorders affecting collagen, including Marfan and Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, are also correlated with an elevated risk of aortic dissection, as is Turner's syndrome. (
  • However, patients with genetic connective tissue disorders such as Marfan, Loeys Dietz or Ehlers Danlos syndrome, and patients with bicuspid aortic valves are at the increased risk of aortic dissection at a much younger age. (
  • Consider thoracic aortic dissection in the differential diagnosis of all patients presenting with chest pain. (
  • Clinical guidelines on the management of type B aortic dissection were published in January 2022 by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS), in the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery . (
  • In complicated hyperacute, acute, or subacute type B aortic dissections (TBADs) with rupture and/or malperfusion, thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is indicated when anatomy is favorable for such treatment. (
  • In this new approach, the direction of dissection is from dorsal toward the anterior thoracic wall, which allows us to visually follow the tip of the dissector throughout the surgery. (
  • [ 10 , 11 ] In our institute, we experienced 2 cases of pericardiac perforation and 1 case of injury of the internal thoracic artery during retrosternal dissection. (
  • Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection, commonly referred to as RPLND, is a procedure to remove abdominal lymph nodes to treat testicular cancer, as well as help establish its exact stage. (
  • The pain is usually localized to the front or back of the chest, often the interscapular region, and typically migrates with propagation of the dissection. (
  • It then retards the propagation of the dissection and delays rupture. (
  • Cite this: Aortic Dissection Clinical Practice Guidelines (STS/AATS, 2022) - Medscape - Apr 29, 2022. (
  • based on several studies suggested that lobe-specific lymph node dissection (LSD) is equivalent to SLND in early-stage NSCLC. (
  • After a diagnosis of stage III disease based on SLN biopsy, the previous version of the NCCN Guidelines stated that these patients should undergo complete lymph node dissection (CLND). (
  • Extended pelvic lymph node dissection represents the most accurate procedure for the detection of lymph node metastases in prostate cancer. (
  • 1] Although international guidelines suggest that ePLND should be performed whenever a lymph node dissection is indicated,[1,2] a disconcerting decrease in the utilization rates and extent of PLND in the contemporary era has been reported. (
  • The "targeted dissection" of TAD means the surgical breast oncologist removes and checks a specific lymph node-the axillary lymph node that was known to contain cancer before the patient started chemotherapy-which may make it possible for the patient to keep more lymph nodes than traditional methods. (
  • Once diagnosed, providers refer to papillary thyroid cancer as good cancer because it can be easily treated generally with a thyroidectomy, neck dissection of lymph nodes, hormone replacement therapy post thyroidectomy, radioactive iodine ablation, and/or alcohol injection ablation to lymph nodes. (
  • The pain of aortic dissection is typically distinguished from the pain of acute myocardial infarction by its abrupt onset, though the presentations of the two conditions overlap to some degree and are easily confused. (
  • Hagiwara A, Shimbo T, Kimira A, Sasaki R, Kobayashi K, Sato T. Using fibrin degradation products level to facilitate diagnostic evaluation of potential acute aortic dissection. (
  • ACR Appropriateness Criteria® acute chest pain -- suspected aortic dissection. (
  • The International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD): new insights into an old disease. (
  • D-dimer as the sole screening test for acute aortic dissection: a review of the literature. (
  • Optimal clinical pathway for the patient with type B acute aortic dissection. (
  • Acute aortic dissection: population-based incidence compared with degenerative aortic aneurysm rupture. (
  • Evaluate and treat acute/subacute uncomplicated TBAD using a stepwise approach in which the location of the primary entry tear site is identified, the proximity and distance of the dissection to the left subclavian artery (LSA) is defined, the maximum orthogonal aortic diameter is calibrated, and a lack of any organ malperfusion or other indications of complicated disease is confirmed. (
  • Mohamad Bashir of Barts Heart Centre, London, United Kingdom, moderates a panel discussion on the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD). (
  • Acute aortic dissection is a rare but life-threatening condition with a lethality rate of 1 to 2% per hour after onset of symptoms in untreated patients. (
  • Typical symptoms of acute aortic dissection include severe chest pain, hypotension or syncope and, hence, mimic acute myocardial infarction or pulmonary embolism. (
  • Imaging provides a robust foundation for diagnosing acute aortic dissection, as well as for monitoring of patients at increased risk of aortic disease. (
  • Acute aortic syndrome refers to a group of interrelated life-threatening conditions and consists of aortic dissection, intramural haematoma and penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. (
  • With respect to the time from the onset of the symptoms, aortic dissections are divided into acute (presentation within 1 week), subacute (from 1 week to 1 month) and chronic (more than 1 month). (
  • Even in elderly patients with other comorbidities, surgical repair is the method of choice for the patients presenting with acute type A aortic dissection. (
  • In patients with acute type A aortic dissection, the most severe form, the mortality rate amounted to 26% if they received surgery, but up to 58% if they could only be treated noninvasively because of advanced age or the presence of comorbidities [ 4 ]. (
  • The early survival of patients presenting with acute type A aortic dissection is affected by preoperative conditions such as previous aortic valve replacement, migrating chest pain, preoperative limb ischaemia, hypotension during presentation, or shock / cardiac tamponade [ 7 ]. (
  • This is the most recent data on the early mortality of acute type A aortic dissection within the first forty-eight hours from onset. (
  • This dissection kit allows kids to learn animal anatomy without the risk of sharp objects or unsanitary specimens. (
  • Cardiac / cardiovascular pathology services offers expert on-site cardiac biopsy interpretation, as well as dissection of explanted hearts and autopsy specimens. (
  • We welcome either biopsy specimens or whole organs obtained at other hospitals / surgical facilities referred to our laboratory for interpretation, including complete dissection. (
  • Students will have the opportunity to learn, through dissection and demonstration of human cadaveric specimens, clinical and functional correlates of human anatomy. (
  • lab/cleaning supplies, dissection materials and specimens. (
  • Clinical features and differential diagnosis of aortic dissection: experience with 236 cases (1980 through 1990). (
  • Pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of aortic dissection. (
  • If an aortic dissection is suspected, CT angiography or MRI may be used, followed by a confirmation of the diagnosis using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), where ultrasound images of the heart are taken from the esophagus. (
  • Following a diagnosis, a treatment will be recommended based on whether the dissection is Type A or Type B. (
  • ultrasonography may have a role in the initial diagnosis of dissections if CT-A or MRA are unavailable. (
  • Instead, blood pressure is managed with medication in order to avoid further damage, though complications from aortic dissection can develop. (
  • In order to minimize the chance of these complications, elective endovascular repair is a less invasive surgical option where a graft redirects blood flow away from the dissection. (
  • Possible complications of aortic dissection include lethal malperfusion syndrome, aortic regurgitation, cardiac failure (myocardial infarction or cardiac tamponade) and stroke [ 4 ]. (
  • Patients with type B dissection are usually treated medically, unless life-threating complications, such as malperfusion syndrome, occur. (
  • As a result of the devastating complications, the mortality rate of aortic dissection remains high. (
  • Patients with type B dissection managed medically have the lowest mortality rate of 11%, which can, however, increase up to 31% when patients have to undergo surgery because of the complications [ 4 ]. (
  • Although this technique appears simple and easy, life-threatening complications during dissection such as intraoperative cardiac perforation have been reported. (
  • The applet below illustrates a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem by dissection. (
  • These classic albums - Unearthed (1994), Dissection (1997), and Purification (2002) have long been out of print. (
  • Sy is bekend vir haar rolle in die rolprente Apollo 13 (1995), Breakdown (1997), A Civil Action (1998), en The Hills Have Eyes (2006). (
  • The use of anatomical dissection has been a cornerstone of medical education for hundreds of years . (
  • The classification of the aortic dissection is based on both anatomical location of the initial tear and the time from the onset of the symptoms to the presentation at the emergency department. (
  • We will explore some of the changes in anatomical understanding and trace the historical progression of dissection, from ancient practices to new ideas in connection (such as Anatomy Trains) to methods of decellurization to plastination. (
  • Each specimen is preserved in formalin fixative, but washed and shipped in a unique process that is safe and ensures a hassle-free setup, dissection, and disposal. (
  • Four blinded otologic surgeons evaluated each specimen at two separate intervals using three separate dissection scales: the Welling Scale (WS), the Iowa Temporal Bone Assessment Tool (ITBAT), and the CanadaWest Scale (CWS). (
  • Unlike aneurysm formation, the role of ascending aortic elongation in the pathogenesis of Type A aortic dissection (TAD) is largely unclear. (
  • The most typical surgery for aortic dissection is valve sparing root replacement, or the David procedure. (
  • The second procedure is a recently introduced technique: the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), which encompasses only the mucosa and submucosa. (
  • Targeted axillary dissection (TAD) is a relatively new breast cancer procedure. (
  • We believe every surgeon can easily apply this procedure to patients with pectus excavatum, and this procedure can reduce the stress during the dissection. (
  • We believe this procedure can reduce the stress during dissection in patients with pectus excavatum. (
  • Dissections that occur in the part of the aorta that is leaving the heart (ascending) are treated with surgery. (
  • Dissections that occur in other parts of the aorta (descending) may be managed with surgery or medicines. (
  • Type A dissections are an emergency and typically require surgical intervention, while Type B dissections may be managed without surgery by carefully controlling blood pressure. (
  • A Type A aortic dissection is a medical emergency and requires surgery to repair the tear before further damage occurs. (
  • Is there evidence from IRAD that in the long term, treatment of the dissection going beyond the ascending aorta at the initial surgery offers an improved long term result? (
  • Objective We evaluate three temporal bone dissection scales for efficacy, reliability, and accuracy in identifying resident skill during temporal bone surgery. (
  • [ 1-6 ] Thoracoscopic surgery was proposed for safer dissection between the sternum and the heart. (
  • Elective neck dissection: Desideratum or overkill? (
  • Expert dissection of fresh or formalin-fixed whole organ heart explants, autopsy hearts, and heart/lung/great vessel blocs. (
  • Recovering from a thyroidectomy and neck dissection can sometimes not go as anticipated. (
  • No dissection of biology experience required, just enthusiasm and curiosity. (
  • To demonstrate this concept, let's begin by performing a biology word dissection on the word above. (
  • Similar to how many biology students will dissect an animal, by performing a 'biology word dissection', even the most complex terms can be understood. (
  • Now that we've honed our dissection skills, let's try some frequently used biology terms. (
  • Aortic dissection is a serious condition in which there is a tear in the wall of the major artery carrying blood out of the heart (aorta). (
  • As the tear extends along the wall of the aorta, blood can flow in between the layers of the blood vessel wall (dissection). (
  • Aortic dissection most often happens because of a tear or damage to the inner wall of the aorta. (
  • on his aorta resulting in the tear, or that the jogging may have extended the dissection. (
  • An aortic dissection is a tear in the inner lining of the aorta. (
  • Classification of aortic dissection according to Stanford and DeBakey (drawn by J. Gawinecka). (
  • Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography showed an aneurysmatic ascending aorta with a DeBakey type I aortic dissection causing severe aortic regurgitation. (
  • In today's American medical education, all but a handful of medical schools make cadaver dissection or prosection (dissection done by an expert as demonstration for students) part of their first- and second-year anatomy courses. (
  • This Demonstration shows a dissection of a concave rhombic triacontahedron into a cube and six halves of a rhombic dodecahedron of the second kind. (
  • A Type B aortic dissection, on the other hand, does not necessarily need surgical intervention. (
  • Death resulting from dissection is even more uncommon, with an incidence of approximately 1 in 100,000. (
  • A pair of Anatomage Tables at Battle Ground High School in Washington allow students to conduct virtual dissections and view detailed scans of cadavers and organs, inspiring some to pursue health science careers. (
  • Reminiscent of the infamous monoliths from "2001: A Space Odyssey," the Anatomage Table is a new piece of technology that allows students to conduct virtual dissections and view detailed scans of cadavers and various organs. (
  • This kit is specifically designed for 1-2 students to conduct extensive dissections in the classroom or in their own home. (
  • Aortic dissection can be presumed in patients with symptoms and signs suggestive of myocardial infarction but without classic electrocardiographic findings. (
  • What are the symptoms of aortic dissection? (
  • Aortic dissection symptoms appear suddenly and are severe, having many similarities with a heart attack. (
  • Tactical Medicine News Blog- Tagged 'cervical artery dissection'- MED-TAC International Corp. (
  • With an easy-to-cut gel body and anatomically accurate bones and organs, kids can learn the internal anatomy of the Frog without the mess and danger of real dissections. (
  • An aortic dissection is classified as Type A if it occurs in the ascending portion of the aorta, or Type B if it occurs in the descending portion of the aorta. (
  • La TMD a permis de montrer une dissection de l'aorte ascendante dans 2 cas (stade A de Stanford) et de l'aorte abdominale dans 1 cas (stade B de Stanford) L'angioscanner a visualisé la membrane intimale décollée, précisé l'extension de la dissection, chiffré l'ectasie aortique dans les 3 cas et a monté des signes de gravité à type d'épanchement péricardique. (
  • Reviews worden niet geverifieerd, maar Google checkt wel op nepcontent en verwijdert zulke content als die wordt gevonden. (
  • Through cadaveric dissection, prosected materials, and digital images, students explore the structure of the human body with an emphasis on functional anatomy and clinical correlations. (
  • Transverse sections of the ascending aorta showed that the dissection affected the 360° of the proximal aortic circumference ( fig 1 ). (
  • Figure 1 Transoesophageal echocardiography (transverse aortic section) showing a circumferential dissection of the ascending aorta. (
  • It would take a major scientific revolution for anatomists to begin to actually observe and learn from dissections. (
  • An operation 'typically involves bringing layers of the aorta back together so that no further dissection can occur,' Gupta said. (
  • Inspired by the neuroscience approach to investigate the motor cortex in primates, we develop a simple yet effective frequency-based approach called \textit{Policy Dissection} to align the intermediate representation of the learned neural controller with the kinematic attributes of the agent behavior. (
  • We developed a new approach for safer dissection of retrosternal space. (
  • Dissection of the body uses a regional approach. (
  • Some schools, though, are already prepared for these constraints because they have created a way to do most of their anatomy education without ever touching a human body: They have found a way to move dissection labs to a virtual reality world. (
  • Students can use the Squid Dissection Guide to explore the external and internal anatomy of the squid. (
  • Lauri Nemetz has been a fully certified Anatomy Trains teacher since 2013 and has assisted Anatomy Trains dissections since 2014. (
  • She is a member of the American Association for Anatomy and is a current dissection team member of the Fascial Net Plastination Project. (
  • Aortic dissection may decrease or stop the blood flow to many different parts of the body. (