Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A liquid that functions as a strong oxidizing agent. It has an acrid odor and is used as a disinfectant.
Inorganic compounds that contain chlorine as an integral part of the molecule.
One of the protein CROSS-LINKING REAGENTS that is used as a disinfectant for sterilization of heat-sensitive equipment and as a laboratory reagent, especially as a fixative.
A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 70.906. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching.
A reagent that forms fluorescent conjugation products with primary amines. It is used for the detection of many biogenic amines, peptides, and proteins in nanogram quantities in body fluids.
A mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium compounds. It is a bactericidal quaternary ammonium detergent used topically in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, as a surgical antiseptic, and as a as preservative and emulsifier in drugs and cosmetics.
Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.
Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.
A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.
An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.
Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
Inactivation of viruses by non-immune related techniques. They include extremes of pH, HEAT treatment, ultraviolet radiation, IONIZING RADIATION; DESICCATION; ANTISEPTICS; DISINFECTANTS; organic solvents, and DETERGENTS.
A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.
A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.
Binary compounds of oxygen containing the anion O(2-). The anion combines with metals to form alkaline oxides and non-metals to form acidic oxides.
Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Sterile solutions used to clean and disinfect contact lenses.
The application of smoke, vapor, or gas for the purpose of disinfecting or destroying pests or microorganisms.
Hospital department which manages and provides the required housekeeping functions in all areas of the hospital.
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
The hydroxy salt of ammonium ion. It is formed when AMMONIA reacts with water molecules in solution.
A highly caustic substance that is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Ability of a microbe to survive under given conditions. This can also be related to a colony's ability to replicate.
Bactericidal cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant used as a topical anti-infective agent. It is an ingredient in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, etc., and is used to disinfect apparatus, etc., in the food processing and pharmaceutical industries, in surgery, and also as a preservative. The compound is toxic orally as a result of neuromuscular blockade.
A halogen with the atomic symbol Br, atomic number 36, and atomic weight 79.904. It is a volatile reddish-brown liquid that gives off suffocating vapors, is corrosive to the skin, and may cause severe gastroenteritis if ingested.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
An oxyacid of chlorine (HClO) containing monovalent chlorine that acts as an oxidizing or reducing agent.
Inorganic compounds that contain iodine as an integral part of the molecule.
The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.
Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, construction, and maintenance of environmental facilities conducive to public health, such as water supply and waste disposal.
A membrane or barrier with micrometer sized pores used for separation purification processes.
The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.
The total absence of teeth from either the mandible or the maxilla, but not both. Total absence of teeth from both is MOUTH, EDENTULOUS. Partial absence of teeth in either is JAW, EDENTULOUS, PARTIALLY.
The science of the chemical composition and reactions of chemicals involved in the production, protection and use of crops and livestock. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.
Lenses designed to be worn on the front surface of the eyeball. (UMDNS, 1999)
Salts of alginic acid that are extracted from marine kelp and used to make dental impressions and as absorbent material for surgical dressings.
A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Inorganic or organic salts and esters of boric acid.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria commonly found in soil and occasionally isolated from sputum. It causes postoperative wound infections as well as gluteal abscesses.
The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Hospital department which administers all activities pertaining to the hospital laundry service.
The use of a treatment material (tissue conditioner) to re-establish tone and health to irritated oral soft tissue, usually applied to the edentulous alveolar ridge.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.
The closeness of a determined value of a physical dimension to the actual value.
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
Powdered exudate from various Acacia species, especially A. senegal (Leguminosae). It forms mucilage or syrup in water. Gum arabic is used as a suspending agent, excipient, and emulsifier in foods and pharmaceuticals.
Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Any materials used in providing care specifically in the hospital.
A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.
The sodium salt of racemic or inactive lactic acid. It is a hygroscopic agent used intravenously as a systemic and urinary alkalizer.
A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).
A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile spores (zoospores) at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also include examples of plant, animal, and fungal pathogens.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.

Irritant contact dermatitis due to 1-bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin in a hydrotherapy pool. Risk assessments: the need for continuous evidence-based assessments. (1/1019)

A physiotherapist working in hydrotherapy presented to occupational health with irritant contact dermatitis. Subsequent investigation revealed that the likely causative agent was 1-bromo 3-chloro 5,5 dimethylhydantoin which was used to disinfect the hydrotherapy pool. A COSHH risk assessment had been performed which failed to take full account of current knowledge and this agent had been introduced into the workplace. The development of adverse health effects among staff and other pool users lead to a review of this risk assessment and eventually a return to less hazardous chlorine-based disinfection. Had an evidence-based approach been combined with an appropriate COSHH assessment prior to and following changes in the workplace then unnecessary risk to employees would not have occurred.  (+info)

Salivary contribution to exhaled nitric oxide. (2/1019)

Dietary and metabolic nitrate is distributed from the blood to the saliva by active uptake in the salivary glands, and is reduced to nitrite in the oral cavity by the action of certain bacteria. Since it has been reported that nitric oxide may be formed nonenzymatically from nitrite this study aimed to determine whether salivary nitrite could influence measurements of exhaled NO. Ten healthy subjects fasted overnight and ingested 400 mg potassium nitrate, equivalent to approximately 200 g spinach. Exhaled NO and nasal NO were regularly measured with a chemiluminescence technique up to 3 h after the ingestion. Measurements of exhaled NO were performed with a single-breath procedure, standardized to a 20-s exhalation, at a flow of 0.15 L x s(-1), and oral pressure of 8-10 cmH2O. Values of NO were registered as NO release rate (pmol x s(-1)) during the plateau of exhalation. Exhaled NO increased steadily over time after nitrate load and a maximum was seen at 120 min (77.0+/-15.2 versus 31.2+/-3.0 pmol x s(-1), p<0.01), whereas no increase was detected in nasal NO levels. Salivary nitrite concentrations increased in parallel; at 120 min there was a four-fold increase compared with baseline (1.56+/-0.44 versus 0.37+/-0.09 mM, p<0.05). The nitrite-reducing conditions in the oral cavity were also manipulated by the use of different mouthwash procedures. The antibacterial agent chlorhexidine acetate (0.2%) decreased NO release by almost 50% (p<0.01) 90 min after nitrate loading and reduced the preload control levels by close to 30% (p<0.05). Sodium bicarbonate (10%) also reduced exhaled NO levels, but to a somewhat lesser extent than chlorhexidine acetate. In conclusion, salivary nitric oxide formation contributes to nitric oxide in exhaled air and a large intake of nitrate-rich foods before the investigation might be misinterpreted as an elevated inflammatory activity in the airways. This potential source of error and the means for avoiding it should be considered in the development of a future standardized method for measurements of exhaled nitric oxide.  (+info)

Effects of vanadium complexes with organic ligands on glucose metabolism: a comparison study in diabetic rats. (3/1019)

1. Vanadium compounds can mimic actions of insulin through alternative signalling pathways. The effects of three organic vanadium compounds were studied in non-ketotic, streptozotocin-diabetic rats: vanadyl acetylacetonate (VAc), vanadyl 3-ethylacetylacetonate (VEt), and bis(maltolato)oxovanadium (VM). A simple inorganic vanadium salt, vanadyl sulphate (VS) was also studied. 2. Oral administration of the three organic vanadium compounds (125 mg vanadium element 1(-1) in drinking fluids) for up to 3 months induced a faster and larger fall in glycemia (VAc being the most potent) than VS. Glucosuria and tolerance to a glucose load were improved accordingly. 3. Activities and mRNA levels of key glycolytic enzymes (glucokinase and L-type pyruvate kinase) which are suppressed in the diabetic liver, were restored by vanadium treatment. The organic forms showed greater efficacy than VS, especially VAc. 4. VAc rats exhibited the highest levels of plasma or tissue vanadium, most likely due to a greater intestinal absorption. However, VAc retained its potency when given as a single i.p. injection to diabetic rats. Moreover, there was no relationship between plasma or tissue vanadium levels and any parameters of glucose homeostasis and hepatic glucose metabolism. Thus, these data suggest that differences in potency between compounds are due to differences in their insulin-like properties. 5. There was no marked toxicity observed on hepatic or renal function. However, diarrhoea occurred in 50% of rats chronically treated with VS, but not in those receiving the organic compounds. 6. In conclusion, organic vanadium compounds, in particular VAc, correct the hyperglycemia and impaired hepatic glycolysis of diabetic rats more safely and potently than VS. This is not simply due to improved intestinal absorption, indicating more potent insulin-like properties.  (+info)

Diarrhoea prevention in Bolivia through point-of-use water treatment and safe storage: a promising new strategy. (4/1019)

A novel water quality intervention that consists of point-of-use water disinfection, safe storage and community education was field tested in Bolivia. A total of 127 households in two periurban communities were randomized into intervention and control groups, surveyed and the intervention was distributed. Monthly water quality testing and weekly diarrhoea surveillance were conducted. Over a 5-month period, intervention households had 44% fewer diarrhoea episodes than control households (P = 0.002). Infants < 1 year old (P = 0.05) and children 5-14 years old (P = 0.01) in intervention households had significantly less diarrhoea than control children. Campylobacter was less commonly isolated from intervention than control patients (P = 0.02). Stored water in intervention households was less contaminated with Escherichia coli than stored water in control households (P < 0.0001). Intervention households exhibited less E. coli contamination of stored water and less diarrhoea than control households. This promising new strategy may have broad applicability for waterborne disease prevention.  (+info)

Nosocomial pseudoepidemic caused by Bacillus cereus traced to contaminated ethyl alcohol from a liquor factory. (5/1019)

From September 1990 to October 1990, 15 patients who were admitted to four different departments of the National Taiwan University Hospital, including nine patients in the emergency department, three in the hematology/oncology ward, two in the surgical intensive care unit, and one in a pediatric ward, were found to have positive blood (14 patients) or pleural effusion (1 patient) cultures for Bacillus cereus. After extensive surveillance cultures, 19 additional isolates of B. cereus were recovered from 70% ethyl alcohol that had been used as a skin disinfectant (14 isolates from different locations in the hospital) and from 95% ethyl alcohol (5 isolates from five alcohol tanks in the pharmacy department), and 10 isolates were recovered from 95% ethyl alcohol from the factory which supplied the alcohol to the hospital. In addition to these 44 isolates of B. cereus, 12 epidemiologically unrelated B. cereus isolates, one Bacillus sphaericus isolate from a blood specimen from a patient seen in May 1990, and two B. sphaericus isolates from 95% alcohol in the liquor factory were also studied for their microbiological relatedness. Among these isolates, antibiotypes were determined by using the disk diffusion method and the E test, biotypes were created with the results of the Vitek Bacillus Biochemical Card test, and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) patterns were generated by arbitrarily primed PCR. Two clones of the 15 B. cereus isolates recovered from patients were identified (clone A from 2 patients and clone B from 13 patients), and all 29 isolates of B. cereus recovered from 70 or 95% ethyl alcohol in the hospital or in the factory belonged to clone B. The antibiotype and RAPD pattern of the B. sphaericus isolate from the patient were different from those of isolates from the factory. Our data show that the pseudoepidemic was caused by a clone (clone B) of B. cereus from contaminated 70% ethyl alcohol used in the hospital, which we successfully traced to preexisting contaminated 95% ethyl alcohol from the supplier, and by another clone (clone A) without an identifiable source.  (+info)

Is breast cancer cluster influenced by environmental and occupational factors among hospital nurses in Hungary? (6/1019)

An unusual cluster of 8 breast cancer and 8 other malignant tumor cases (ovarian, uterus, lung, colon and brain tumors and malignant melanoma) developed in a period of 12 years among 98 nurses exposed to ethylene oxide (EtOx) for 5 15 years in a unit using gas sterilizer in a hospital of the archiepiscopal city of Eger, Hungary. EtOx concentration in air samples of the working area varied from 5 to 150 mg/m3. The question was, if there was any causal relationship between the elevated incidence of breast cancer and the EtOx exposure, the other possibility was, that this cluster appeared accidentally. EtOx is a human carcinogen, however, no increased breast cancer incidence in EtOx-exposed subjects was reported in the literature. We followed up for two consecutive years the 27 non cancer patients, EtOx-exposed nurses and 11 unexposed hospital controls with the aid of a multiple genotoxicology monitor including chromosomal aberration, sister-chromatide exchange, HPRT point mutation and DNA repair studies. The results were compared with data from 30 local historical controls, 48 historical controls from Budapest, 14 hospital controls and 9 EtOx exposed nurses from Budapest. Significantly high chromosome aberration yields (especially chromosome type exchanges) were alike detected in EtOx-exposed and the two other control groups in Eger. These results could not be interpreted as a consequence of EtOx exposure only, since in the EtOx-exposed group from Budapest, beside an increased total aberration frequency, the obtained exchange type aberration yields were as low as the historical controls. A plausible explanation can be the natural low dose radioactivity (222Rn) of the local tap-water due to a specific geological situation in Eger. The spontaneous breast cancer incidence in Hungary doubled in the last 10 years compared with the previous 20 years (1960 1980), especially in Eger. The appearance of the high breast cancer incidence in the hospital of Eger indicates the combined effect of EtOx and a more common local etiologic factor, such as the naturally radioactive tap-water. However, since the reported studies did not involve the investigation either of the genetic predisposition, or the effects of other possible environmental, occupational, and/or life style confounding factors, further studies (partly in progress) are necessary to clarify the importance of these factors.  (+info)

Reduced glutaraldehyde susceptibility in Mycobacterium chelonae associated with altered cell wall polysaccharides. (7/1019)

Glutaraldehyde-resistant Mycobacterium chelonae have been isolated from endoscope washer disinfectors and endoscope rinse water. The mechanism of glutaraldehyde resistance is not well understood. Two spontaneous, glutaraldehyde-resistant mutants of the sensitive type strain, NCTC 946, were investigated. The colony morphology of the two mutants differed from that of the the type strain: colonies of the former were dry and waxy whereas those of the latter were smooth and shiny. Increased resistance to glutaraldehyde of the mutants was matched by small increases in the MICs of rifampicin and ethambutol but not isoniazid. Both mutants showed increased surface hydrophobicity. No changes were identified in the extractable fatty acids or the mycolic acid components of the cell wall but a reduction in each of the resistant strains in the arabinogalactan/arabinomannan portion of the cell wall was detected.  (+info)

Development and testing of a microbiological assay to detect residual effects of disinfectant on hard surfaces. (8/1019)

We describe a glucuronidase bioassay for detecting residual bactericidal activity from the use of disinfectants on hard surfaces; in this assay we used formaldehyde, ethanol, isopropanol, chlorine, and a commercial preparation containing 2-bromo-2-nitro-1, 3-propanediol. Chlorine and the commercial preparation showed bactericidal activity (53.5% and 98.2%, respectively) for a week after disinfection.  (+info)

Definition: A jaw that is toothless or lacking teeth. This can occur due to various reasons such as tooth loss due to decay, periodontal disease, trauma, or other conditions.

Synonyms: Toothless jaw, odontoless jaw, edentulous ridge.

During dental procedures, the term "edentulous" is commonly used to describe a patient who has no teeth in a specific arch (either maxillary or mandibular). This information helps dentists and dental specialists determine the appropriate course of treatment, such as dentures, implants, or other restorative procedures.

See Also: Dentition, Dental Arch, Tooth Loss.

Testing and Classifying Disinfectants Disinfectant Selection Guide Disinfectant and Non-Chlorine Bleach Archived 1 June 2010 at ... The choice of disinfectant to be used depends on the particular situation. Some disinfectants have a wide spectrum (kill many ... Low level disinfectant means a disinfectant that rapidly kills most vegetative bacteria as well as medium-sized lipid ... High level disinfectant means a disinfectant that kills all microbial pathogens, except large numbers of bacterial endospores ...
In May 1998, Norstad retired Disinfectant, citing the new danger posed by macro viruses, which Disinfectant did not detect, and ... Disinfectant was a popular antivirus software program for the classic Mac OS. It was originally released as freeware by John ... "Disinfectant: Macintosh Anti-Virual Utility". Apple Inc. 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2016-04-06. v t e v t e (Articles with short ... Disinfectant featured a system extension that would detect virus infections and an application with which users could scan for ...
The diluted disinfectants crisis in Romania of 2016 characterized a critical time in the evolution of the national health ... The same disinfectant, Thor, had been identified since 2006 as responsible for infecting newborns in a maternity hospital in ... In the spring of 2016, the press revealed that the Romanian health system was widely using diluted disinfectants bought from ... However, for years, there were indications that some disinfectants used in hospitals did not meet the standards required. Thus ...
PMA has also been used as an additive in eye-drops and paint in order to preserve them, as a disinfectant, and as a catalyst in ... This compound was formerly used as a preservative in paints, and as a disinfectant. When applied to the leaves of plants, it is ... ISBN 978-3-527-30673-2. Siebert, Jörg; Harke, Hans-Peter (2009). "Disinfectants". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial ...
... disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides Class 6 Common metals and their alloys, ores; metal ...
... disinfectants; preparation for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides Class 6. Common metals and their alloys; metal ...
Because of this, impossibly high values were obtained for disinfectant activity and quoted by disinfectant manufacturers. The ... is a figure expressing the disinfecting power of any disinfectant. It is the ratio of the dilution of the disinfectant that ... Rideal, S.; Walker, J. T. A. (1903). "The standardisation of disinfectants" (PDF). J. R. Sanit. Inst. 24 (3): 424-441. doi: ... Chick, Harriette; Martin, C. (1908). "The principles involved in the standardization of disinfectants and the influence of ...
It has medical applications as an antiseptic and disinfectant. It is used as a chemical solvent and in the synthesis of organic ... Ethanol can also be used as a disinfectant and antiseptic because it causes cell dehydration by disrupting the osmotic balance ... "Chemical Disinfectants , Disinfection & Sterilization Guidelines , Guidelines Library , Infection Control , CDC". www.cdc.gov. ... McDonnell G, Russell AD (January 1999). "Antiseptics and disinfectants: activity, action, and resistance". Clinical ...
1996). Handbook of disinfectants and antiseptics. New York: M. Dekker. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-8247-9524-5. Rutala WA, Weber DJ ( ... McDonnell G, Russell AD (January 1999). "Antiseptics and disinfectants: activity, action, and resistance". Clinical ... ISBN 978-0-683-30740-5. "Chemical Disinfectants , Disinfection & Sterilization Guidelines , Guidelines Library , Infection ... Disinfectants, 1894 introductions, Household chemicals, Hydrogen compounds, Light-sensitive chemicals, Peroxides, Otologicals, ...
"Disinfectants Pesticides". cfpub.epa.gov. Retrieved 9 April 2021. US EPA, OA (2020-03-13). "List N: Disinfectants for ... such as Bayer AG's DK Excited Bacteriostatic agent Disinfectant Enveloped virus List of cleaning products#Disinfectants Log ... Virucides are to be used outside the human body, and as such fall into the category of disinfectants (applied not to the human ... Virucides are not intended for use inside the body, and most are disinfectants that are not intended for use on the surface of ...
No disinfectants; no pain killers." We've known Wanga since he was a street kid. He lives in this house in Cape Town and squats ...
Additional Disinfectants. For certain cases, such as tissue gas, speciality chemicals such as Omega Decomp Factor, Triton-28, ... Embalming chemicals are a variety of preservatives, sanitising and disinfectant agents, and additives used in modern embalming ...
Other tasks included work with camouflage; canteen disinfectants; DDT to control malaria; and insulation for small electronics ...
Harvey, S. C. (1980). "Antiseptics and Disinfectants; Fungicides; Ectoparasiticides". In Gilman, A. G.; Goodman, L. S.; Gilman ...
"Selected EPA-Registered Disinfectants". United States Environmental Protection Agency. September 28, 2015. Archived from the ...
One way to compare disinfectants is to compare how well they do against a known disinfectant and rate them accordingly using ... The disinfectant to be tested is compared with phenol on a standard microbe (usually Salmonella typhi or Staphylococcus aureus ... So, the bactericidal activity of a particular disinfectant at a given concentration can be expressed as a constant (k) ... Rideal, S.; Walker, J. T. A. (1902). "The standardisation of disinfectants". J. R. Sanit. Inst. 24 (3): 424-41. doi:10.1177/ ...
The mode of disinfectant action of sodium hypochlorite is similar to that of hypochlorous acid. Solutions containing more than ... Chronic exposure, for example, from the air at swimming pools where chlorine is used as the disinfectant, can lead to the ... "Dakin's Solution" is a disinfectant solution containing low concentration of sodium hypochlorite and some boric acid or sodium ... p. 2. "Sodium hypochlorite as a disinfectant". Lenntech.com. Retrieved 7 August 2011. "eusol". Oxford English Dictionary. ...
"Chemical Disinfectants & Sterilants - Reproductive Health , NIOSH , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2021-11-17. Retrieved 2022-03-17. " ... Some reproductive hazards include: Anesthetic gases Antineoplastic (cancer treatment drugs) Chemical disinfectants and ...
Rideal, Samuel (1895). Disinfection and Disinfectants, p. 59. J.B. Lippincott Co. "Chloralkali process", Wikipedia, 7 October ...
"Disinfectant, Disinfectants, antiseptics and disinfectants". GMP Chem Tech Pvt. Ltd., India. Retrieved 22 April 2008. "Material ... Disinfectants: Lysol Disinfectant products are used to kill surface and air bacteria. Products include: Lysol Disinfectant ... and previously as a medical disinfectant. The first Lysol Brand Antiseptic Disinfectant was introduced in 1889 by Gustav ... Lysol Disinfecting Wipes Lysol Concentrate Disinfectant Lysol Laundry Disinfectant - contains: didecyl-dimethyl ammonium ...
As a disinfectant in water, chlorine is more than three times as effective against Escherichia coli as bromine, and more than ... As a common disinfectant, elemental chlorine and chlorine-generating compounds are used more directly in swimming pools to keep ... Koski T. A.; Stuart L. S.; Ortenzio L. F. (1966). "Comparison of chlorine, bromine, iodine as disinfectants for swimming pool ... The high oxidising potential of elemental chlorine led to the development of commercial bleaches and disinfectants, and a ...
... Antiseptics and disinfectants is a therapeutic subgroup of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification ...
Spraying the disinfectant at close range has been shown to cause rapid death to toads. It is not known whether the toxins are ... It is also used within a number of household disinfectants and wound cleaners. It is thought to act by disrupting microbial ... Chloroxylenol, also known as para-chloro-meta-xylenol (PCMX), is an antiseptic and disinfectant which is used for skin ... Butcher, W.; Ulaeto, D. (2005). "Contact inactivation of orthopoxviruses by household disinfectants". Journal of Applied ...
Prior to the introduction of modern antibiotics, colloidal silver was used as a germicide and disinfectant. With the ... Searle AB (1920). "Chapter VIII: Germicides and Disinfectants". The Use of Colloids in Health and Disease. Gerstein - ...
... is a generic name for disinfectants whose composition varies according to origin. One of its uses is as a disinfectant ... "Efficiency of some disinfectants (Cidex, Deconex, and Creolin) against E.coli". Creolin is a natural disinfectant that is ... is the only manufacturer of the disinfectant. Internationally, creolin also corresponds to the trade name of other disinfectant ... Unlike the undiluted disinfectant, Creolin soap is formulated for human use. Creolin is also used as a home remedy for lice ...
... is resistant to disinfectants; it has been discovered that ultraviolet or UV light helps to kill the ...
... "disinfectants". Not all disinfectants kill all types of pathogens. All disinfectants kill bacteria (called bactericidal). Some ... Chemical disinfectants are products that kill pathogens. If the product is a disinfectant, the label on the product should say ... "disinfectant" or "kills" pathogens. Some commercial products, e.g. bleaches, even though they are technically disinfectants, ... Pathogen kill is achieved using a "micro-biocidal" product, i.e., a disinfectant or antibacterial product; waterless hand ...
CS1: Julian-Gregorian uncertainty, Disinfectants, Soaps). ...
The most used disinfectants are those applying active chlorine (i.e., hypochlorites, chloramines, dichloroisocyanurate and ... Bactericides are disinfectants, antiseptics, or antibiotics. However, material surfaces can also have bactericidal properties ... List of antibiotics Microbicide Virucide McDonnell, G; Russell, AD (1999). "Antiseptics and Disinfectants: Activity, Action, ... few of the above-mentioned disinfectants can be used, under proper conditions (mainly concentration, pH, temperature and ...
PHMG was used in Russia to disinfect hospitals and from 2001 on, it was widely used in South Korea as a disinfectant to prevent ... Polyhexamethylene guanidine (PHMG) is a guanidine derivative that is used as a biocidal disinfectant, often in the form of its ... Dirk W. Lachenmeier (2015). "Chapter 24 - Antiseptic Drugs and Disinfectants". Side Effects of Drugs Annual. Vol. 37. pp. 273- ...
... sometimes also referred to as high-level disinfectants) during pregnancy could increase your chances of having a miscarriage or ... What are chemical disinfectants?. *Chemical disinfectants and sterilants are used in workplaces such as healthcare facilities ... High level disinfectants are not the same as most common household disinfectants (for example, surface sprays containing ... Working with chemical disinfectants and sterilants (sometimes also referred to as high-level disinfectants) during pregnancy ...
When it comes to ALPET Surface Disinfectants & Sanitizers, you can count on Grainger. Supplies and solutions for every industry ... Surface Disinfectants & Sanitizers. 3 products. Surface disinfectants and sanitizers reduce the number of germs on hard ... Clean surfaces using cleaners that remove dirt and other impurities before using disinfectants or sanitizers. Disinfectants are ... Disinfectants and sanitizers are commonly used in hospitals, schools, office buildings, restaurants, and hotels. ...
Halogens, a series of non-metal elements that are lethal to living organisms, are commonly used in disinfectants. The halogens ... Disinfectants are chemical used to kill microorganisms on objects or in fluids. This is done to reduce the risk of those ... Chlorine bleach is a commonly used disinfectant.. *Approximately 3 to 6 percent sodium hypochlorite is added as a disinfectant ... Chlorine bleach is a commonly used disinfectant. Approximately 3 to 6 percent sodium hypochlorite is added as a disinfectant to ...
Disinfectant gains EPA approval for killing foodborne pathogens in processing plants 25-Jul-2012. By Joe Whitworth ... Salmonella biofilms show disinfectant resistance 16-Jan-2014. By Joseph James Whitworth ... according to researchers who used different disinfectants. ...
... are antimicrobial disinfectants commonly used in commercial and household settings. Extensive use of QACs results in ubiquitous ... Exposure to common quaternary ammonium disinfectants decreases fertility in mice Reprod Toxicol. 2014 Dec;50:163-70. doi: ... Breeding pairs exposed for six months to a QAC disinfectant exhibited decreases in fertility and fecundity: increased time to ... In summary, exposure to a common QAC disinfectant mixture significantly impaired reproductive health in mice. This study ...
The EPA has a list of surface disinfectants that it considers to be effective against SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes ... For example, Lysol Disinfectant Spray - Crisp Linen bears a claim that it "Kills cold & flu viruses*" where the asterisk states ...
Theres no exact figure for how much surface area a wipe can handle. But we have some guidance
Non-alcohol formula ultra fabric wipes are premoistened with a hospital grade disinfectant ... Audiowipes Disinfectant Towelettes -Canister Manufacturer: Audiologists Choice Environmental Surface Wipe *Non-alcohol formula ... Non-alcohol formula ultra fabric wipes are premoistened with a hospital grade disinfectant and are designed to clean and ...
Disinfectants were prayed on the road and the footpath at Ambedkar Veedhi in front of Vidhana Soudha in Bengaluru. The ... Disinfectants were prayed on the road and the footpath at Ambedkar Veedhi in front of Vidhana Soudha in Bengaluru. The ...
Find conductive pastes, gels, electrodes and cleaners for hospital and clinical use. Ten20, Nuprep, Arbo and many other brand name electrodes. EMG, EEG, EKG and ECG. Ultrasound gels and disinfectants.
Coronavirus: Unified disinfectant campaign begins. Oman Sunday 29/March/2020 19:02 PM ...
specified disinfectant means:. (a) in relation to a disinfectant that is a listed good-a disinfectant for which an indication ... c) in relation to a disinfectant included in the part of the Register for medical devices-a disinfectant that has an intended ... b) in relation to a disinfectant that is a registered good-a disinfectant for which an indication has been accepted in relation ... Therapeutic Goods (Prohibited Representations-Disinfectants) (COVID-19) Permission 2020.. .. 2 Commencement. *Each provision of ...
Marylands emergency hotline received hundreds of calls about disinfectant products treating coronavirus. ... Larry Hogan (R) swiped President Trump for suggesting that disinfectant could be used to treat the coronavirus, noting on ABCs ... Why it matters: Marylands emergency hotline received hundreds of calls last week about whether disinfectant products could be ...
A one-step cleaner/disinfectant, effective against a broad spectrum of pathogens, including MRSA, HIV, Staph and many others. ...
TREAT DISINFECTANTS WITH RESPECT. Using a pesticide on household surfaces may seem scary, but you need a disinfectant if you ... For more information on the use of disinfectants, see the National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) page Using Disinfectants ... You may wonder why a pest control company blog is concerned with disinfectants. The reason is that disinfectants are ... The key word is "disinfecting." Disinfecting is defined as the use of chemicals (EPA-registered disinfectants) that kill germs ...
Enviro Care® Neutral Disinfectant. Approved under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys Emerging Viral Pathogen Guidance, ... in response to COVID-19 and other viruses, this concentrated disinfectant can be used on all surfaces including but not limited ...
The Disinfectant Application System (DAS) provide automatic drive through application of chemical agents for equipment ... Disinfectant Application System. The Decontamination Application System automatically floods all sides (including wheels and ...
Is vinegar a disinfectant? In lieu of a chemical-laden product, you may be seeking out a natural cleaner, but vinegar may not ... Heres What You Need to Know About Using Vinegar as a Disinfectant. Is vinegar a disinfectant? In lieu of a chemical-laden ... What natural ingredients can be used as disinfectants?. While good old-fashioned soap and water is reportedly OK to use on its ... If you dont want to make something yourself, there are several natural disinfectant sprays you can buy. Clean Cult is an all- ...
More than 5 log10 reduction in viable count for all isolates was only achieved by two of the disinfectants at 80% of the lowest ... For four of the disinfectants, presence of fish feed had a more adverse effect on disinfection efficacy compared to the protein ... The data show that disinfectants to be used against Salmonella should be thoroughly tested and selected, since not all ... Susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from fish feed factories to disinfectants and air-drying at surfaces. ...
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The firm recently launched a workplace paper towel and disinfectant station called… ... The firm recently launched a workplace paper towel and disinfectant station called Towl-Wet. "What makes Towl-Wet great is the ... Manufacturing/machining company pivots to create workplace disinfectant product. July 20, 2020. ...
Two-Center Evaluation of Disinfectant Efficacy against Ebola Virus in Clinical and Laboratory Matrices Sophie J. Smither, Lin ... Two-Center Evaluation of Disinfectant Efficacy against Ebola Virus in Clinical and Laboratory Matrices. ...
There has been a rise in usage of household disinfectants, but could those products be causing more harm than good? ... Should you cut back the use of household disinfectants?. There has been a rise in usage of household disinfectants, but could ... New research released earlier this month highlights concerns about the rise in use of household disinfectants. ...
Dilute 1:40 with clean water and apply for 5 mins for use as an antibacterial disinfectant. One ca ... Our Tropical Breeze Concentrated Disinfectant kills 99.9% of bacteria and enveloped viruses including coronavirus. An exotic ... Dilute 1:40 with clean water and apply for 5 mins for use as an antibacterial disinfectant. One capful (10ml) makes 400ml. ... Our Tropical Breeze Concentrated Disinfectant kills 99.9% of bacteria and enveloped viruses including coronavirus. An exotic ...
Sanitize your kitchen area with my DIY household disinfectant spray. You only need 2 ingredients and the rules to follow to ... DIY Household Disinfectant Spray. Sanitize your kitchen area with my DIY household disinfectant spray. You only need 2 ... I came up with my own disinfectant spray recipe thats effective and safe. Weve been grilling a lot this summer and this DIY ... I came up with this simple recipe, when I used up my last bottle of disinfectant spray in the middle of cleaning. ...
The Toxics Use Reduction Institute helps Massachusetts companies and communities find innovative, cost effective ways to reduce toxic chemical use at the source, rather than treat wastes once produced.
You can apply for the disinfectant while submitting your collective action. Delivery information will be sent by e-mail. ...
  • Surface disinfectants and sanitizers reduce the number of germs on hard nonporous surfaces to keep germs from spreading. (grainger.com)
  • The EPA has a list of surface disinfectants that it considers to be effective against SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. (lifehacker.com)
  • To evaluate and compare, in vitro , the antimicrobial action of surface disinfectants on fungi and bacteria , using the rubbing method . (bvsalud.org)
  • For four of the disinfectants, presence of fish feed had a more adverse effect on disinfection efficacy compared to the protein bovine serum albumin (BSA). (nofima.no)
  • In general, the Salmonella isolates were more resistant to disinfection than Escherichia coli DSM 682, a strain recommended in testing of disinfectants. (nofima.no)
  • Disinfectants are antimicrobial chemicals that destroy or eliminate most pathogens and disease-causing microorganisms on cleaned surfaces, lowering the risk of spreading infection. (grainger.com)
  • Disinfectants are chemical used to kill microorganisms on objects or in fluids. (gardenguides.com)
  • The amount of a halogen used in a disinfectant is sufficient to kill microorganisms but not enough to pose a significant risk to larger organisms. (gardenguides.com)
  • Disinfecting is defined as the use of chemicals (EPA-registered disinfectants) that kill germs or microorganisms on surfaces. (colonialpest.com)
  • Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan (R) swiped President Trump for suggesting that disinfectant could be used to treat the coronavirus, noting on ABC's 'This Week' on Sunday: 'I think when misinformation comes out or you just say something that pops in your head, it does send a wrong message. (axios.com)
  • Clean surfaces using cleaners that remove dirt and other impurities before using disinfectants or sanitizers. (grainger.com)
  • Seventh Generation's line of disinfectant sprays, cleaners, and wipes made the cut. (greenmatters.com)
  • Non-alcohol formula ultra fabric wipes are premoistened with a hospital grade disinfectant and are designed to clean and disinfect environmental surfaces such as smart phones, telephones, instruments, sinks, toilets or any hard surface or non-porous object. (maxiaids.com)
  • Many of us have found hand sanitizers and household disinfectants or disinfecting wipes in short supply lately. (colonialpest.com)
  • Chlorine bleach is a commonly used disinfectant. (gardenguides.com)
  • Chlorine is a commonly used disinfectant for water purification. (gardenguides.com)
  • The process of using chlorine or chlorine compounds as a water disinfectant is referred to as chlorination. (gardenguides.com)
  • Bromine is corrosive to metals, and requires higher concentrations than chlorine when it is used as a disinfectant. (gardenguides.com)
  • The disinfectants tested were 70% alcohol (A70), 0.2% peracetic acid (PA), 7% chlorine dioxide (CD), and 5.2% benzalkonium chloride with 3.5% polyhexamethylene biguanide (BCPB) which were rubbed for 10 s in contaminated areas. (bvsalud.org)
  • Disinfectants are registered and regulated by the government's Environmental Protection Agency as antimicrobial pesticides or biocides, and therefore, the product label must bear an EPA Reg. (colonialpest.com)
  • For example, Lysol Disinfectant Spray - Crisp Linen bears a claim that it "Kills cold & flu viruses*" where the asterisk states: "*When used as directed. (lifehacker.com)
  • I came up with my own disinfectant spray recipe that's effective and safe. (hotbeautyhealth.com)
  • Sanitize your kitchen area with my DIY household disinfectant spray. (hotbeautyhealth.com)
  • I came up with this simple recipe, when I used up my last bottle of disinfectant spray in the middle of cleaning. (hotbeautyhealth.com)
  • 4. Lastly, make sure to keep this disinfectant spray out of sunlight so it won't become diluted. (hotbeautyhealth.com)
  • Chemical disinfectants and sterilants are used in workplaces such as healthcare facilities and beauty salons to kill bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites on equipment that cannot be sterilized using high heat. (cdc.gov)
  • Eleclean's advanced 'Electro-Oxidation' technology turns water into ROS - disinfectant that effectively destroy activity of virus and bacteria. (who.int)
  • Attempts to kill seven-day old Salmonella biofilms is 'extraordinarily difficult' if not 'impossible', according to researchers who used different disinfectants. (foodnavigator.com)
  • The objective of this work was to determine whether persistence of certain Salmonella isolates in fish feed factories involved enhanced resistance to disinfectants or air-drying. (nofima.no)
  • Salmonella isolates known to be persistent in fish feed factories and Salmonella isolates from other origins were tested for their sensitivity to nine disinfectants by using a suspension test. (nofima.no)
  • However, Salmonella isolates from fish feed factories were not more resistant to disinfectants compared to Salmonella from other origins. (nofima.no)
  • The data show that disinfectants to be used against Salmonella should be thoroughly tested and selected, since not all disinfectants appear to be effective against Salmonella. (nofima.no)
  • High level disinfectants are not the same as most common household disinfectants (for example, surface sprays containing quaternary ammonium compound disinfectants or bleach). (cdc.gov)
  • Approximately 3 to 6 percent sodium hypochlorite is added as a disinfectant to produce this form of bleach. (gardenguides.com)
  • Using a pesticide on household surfaces may seem scary, but you need a disinfectant if you want to kill germs. (colonialpest.com)
  • Approved under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Emerging Viral Pathogen Guidance, in response to COVID-19 and other viruses, this concentrated disinfectant can be used on all surfaces including but not limited to equipment, counter tops, and walls. (ecosurfaces.com)
  • If you don't want to make something yourself, there are several natural disinfectant sprays you can buy. (greenmatters.com)
  • We must not forget that sunlight is the best disinfectant. (riazhaq.com)
  • Since we all probably have more household disinfectant chemicals around than ever before, and since we also have children at home more than ever before, remember to store these potentially toxic products up out of the reach of children and pets (see Protect Children From Household Pesticides ). (colonialpest.com)
  • Maryland's emergency hotline received hundreds of calls last week about whether disinfectant products could be injected or ingested to treat the virus, something that Hogan noted could actually kill people. (axios.com)
  • There has been a rise in usage of household disinfectants, but could those products be causing more harm than good? (ktvh.com)
  • A one-step cleaner/disinfectant, effective against a broad spectrum of pathogens, including MRSA, HIV, Staph and many others. (protherapysupplies.com)
  • In fact, soap and water are reportedly recommended over vinegar as disinfectants. (greenmatters.com)
  • Have cleaning supplies in your home (soap, disinfectants, hand sanitizer). (who.int)
  • Common household disinfectants used by adults according to directions are generally not considered hazardous. (cdc.gov)
  • Vinegar has not been deemed an "effective household disinfectant" by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (greenmatters.com)
  • Should you cut back the use of household disinfectants? (ktvh.com)
  • New research released earlier this month highlights concerns about the rise in use of household disinfectants. (ktvh.com)
  • Halogens, a series of non-metal elements that are lethal to living organisms, are commonly used in disinfectants. (gardenguides.com)
  • Working with chemical disinfectants and sterilants (sometimes also referred to as high-level disinfectants) during pregnancy could increase your chances of having a miscarriage or preterm birth. (cdc.gov)
  • In this section, we talk about chemical disinfectants used in workplaces including health care and beauty salons. (cdc.gov)
  • What are chemical disinfectants? (cdc.gov)
  • We know that some studies have shown a higher risk of miscarriages and preterm birth with healthcare workers who were exposed to chemical disinfectants and sterilizing agents. (cdc.gov)
  • We don't know what levels of chemical disinfectants and sterilants are safe. (cdc.gov)
  • Bromine is still used as a water disinfectant because of its properties. (gardenguides.com)
  • You generally should wear gloves and perhaps eye protection when using disinfectants. (colonialpest.com)
  • Here, you can learn more about working with disinfectants and what you can do to reduce your exposure for a healthier pregnancy. (cdc.gov)
  • BCPB was the only disinfectant that did not reduce CFU formation. (bvsalud.org)
  • New regulations relating to the labelling and advertising of foodstuffs becomes law1 Mar 2012The new Regulations relating to the labelling and advertising of foodstuffs published by the Minister of Health in terms of the Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, 1972 (Act 54 of 1972), came into effect today, 1 March 2012. (who.int)
  • Sporicidin® Disinfectant Solution - Origina. (bernell.com)
  • If you work with disinfectants and have a miscarriage or preterm birth, we often can't tell if it was caused by working with disinfectants or if it was caused by something else. (cdc.gov)
  • How Long Does My Disinfectant Wipe Work? (laist.com)
  • c) in relation to a disinfectant included in the part of the Register for medical devices-a disinfectant that has an intended purpose certified under section 41FD of the Act that relates to the performance of the device against SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19 virus). (tga.gov.au)
  • More than 5 log10 reduction in viable count for all isolates was only achieved by two of the disinfectants at 80% of the lowest recommended user concentration. (nofima.no)
  • You may wonder why a pest control company blog is concerned with disinfectants. (colonialpest.com)