Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Monitoring of information sources of potential value in detecting an emerging epidemic, whether naturally occurring or the result of bioterrorism.
Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.
Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Statistical calculations on the occurrence of disease or other health-related conditions in defined populations.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.
A genus of ruminants in the family Bovidae. The common name chamois usually refers to the species Rupicapra rupicapra. Rupicapra pyrenaica, found in the Pyrenees, is more properly referred to as the Pyrenean chamois.
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A system of safety management (abbreviated HACCP) applied mainly to the food industry. It involves the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards, from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of finished products.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.
Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
The expected number of new cases of an infection caused by an infected individual, in a population consisting of susceptible contacts only.
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)
The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.
Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.
The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.
A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.
Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.
A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the penaeid shrimp. Species of the genus Penaeus are the most important commercial shrimp throughout the world.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Water that is intended to be ingested.
Infections with bacteria of the species NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Treatment of food with physical methods such as heat, high pressure, radiation, or electric current to destroy organisms that cause disease or food spoilage.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.
Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE. It has been isolated from numerous environmental sites as well as from human lung tissue, respiratory secretions, and blood.
Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.
A species of DNA virus, in the genus WHISPOVIRUS, infecting PENAEID SHRIMP.
A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A mild, highly infectious viral disease of children, characterized by vesicular lesions in the mouth and on the hands and feet. It is caused by coxsackieviruses A.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
The degree of similarity between sequences. Studies of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY and NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY provide useful information about the genetic relatedness of genes, gene products, and species.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA. It is a commensal and pathogen only of humans, and can be carried asymptomatically in the NASOPHARYNX. When found in cerebrospinal fluid it is the causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis (MENINGITIS, MENINGOCOCCAL). It is also found in venereal discharges and blood. There are at least 13 serogroups based on antigenic differences in the capsular polysaccharides; the ones causing most meningitis infections being A, B, C, Y, and W-135. Each serogroup can be further classified by serotype, serosubtype, and immunotype.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
Respiratory and conjunctival infections caused by 33 identified serotypes of human adenoviruses.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.
Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.
Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the HEPATOVIRUS genus, HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS. It can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Infectious disease processes, including meningitis, diarrhea, and respiratory disorders, caused by echoviruses.
An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.
Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.
A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.

Tuberculosis outbreaks in prison housing units for HIV-infected inmates--California, 1995-1996. (1/11802)

During 1995-1996, staff from the California departments of corrections and health services and local health departments investigated two outbreaks of drug-susceptible tuberculosis (TB). The outbreaks occurred in two state correctional institutions with dedicated HIV housing units. In each outbreak, all cases were linked by IS6110-based DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. This report describes the investigations of both outbreaks; the findings indicated that M. tuberculosis can spread rapidly among HIV-infected inmates and be transmitted to their visitors and prison employees, with secondary spread to the community.  (+info)

Role of schools in the transmission of measles in rural Senegal: implications for measles control in developing countries. (2/11802)

Patterns of measles transmission at school and at home were studied in 1995 in a rural area of Senegal with a high level of vaccination coverage. Among 209 case children with a median age of 8 years, there were no deaths, although the case fatality ratio has previously been 6-7% in this area. Forty percent of the case children had been vaccinated against measles; the proportion of vaccinated children was higher among secondary cases (47%) than among index cases (33%) (prevalence ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.76). Vaccinated index cases may have been less infectious than unvaccinated index cases, since they produced fewer clinical cases among exposed children (relative risk = 0.55, 95% CI 0.29-1.04). The secondary attack rate was lower in the schools than in the homes (relative risk = 0.31, 95% CI 0.20-0.49). The school outbreaks were protracted, with 4-5 generations of cases being seen in the two larger schools. Vaccine efficacy was found to be 57% (95% CI -23 to 85) in the schools and 74% (95% CI 62-82) in the residential compounds. Measles infection resulted in a mean of 3.8 days of absenteeism per case, though this did not appear to have an impact on the children's grades. Among the index cases, 56% of children were probably infected by neighbors in the community, and 7% were probably infected at health centers, 13% outside the community, and 24% in one of the three schools which had outbreaks during the epidemic. However, most of the school-related cases occurred at the beginning and therefore contributed to the general propagation of the epidemic. To prevent school outbreaks, it may be necessary to require vaccination prior to school entry and to revaccinate children in individual schools upon detection of cases of measles. Multidose measles vaccination schedules will be necessary to control measles in developing countries.  (+info)

I(3/11802)

nvited commentary: vaccine failure or failure to vaccinate?  (+info)

W(4/11802)

aning of vaccine-induced immunity: is it a problem in Africa?  (+info)

Asthma visits to emergency rooms and soybean unloading in the harbors of Valencia and A Coruna, Spain. (5/11802)

Soybean unloading in the harbor of Barcelona, Spain, has been associated with large increases in the numbers of asthma patients treated in emergency departments between 1981 and 1987. In this study, the association between asthma and soybean unloading in two other Spanish cities, Valencia and A Coruna, was assessed. Asthma admissions were retrospectively identified for the period 1993-1995, and harbor activities were investigated in each location. Two approaches were used to assess the association between asthma and soybean unloading: One used unusual asthma days (days with an unusually high number of emergency room asthma visits) as an effect measure, and the other estimated the relative increase in the daily number of emergency room visits by autoregressive Poisson regression, adjusted for meteorologic variables, seasonality, and influenza incidence. No association between unusual asthma days and soya unloading was observed in either Valencia or A Coruna, except for one particular dock in Valencia. When the association between unloaded products and the daily number of emergency asthma visits was studied, a statistically significant association was observed for unloading of soya husk (relative risk = 1.50, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.94) and soybeans (relative risk = 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.59) in A Coruna. In Valencia, a statistical association was found only for the unloading of soybeans at two particular docks. Although these findings support the notion that asthma outbreaks are not a common hidden condition in most harbors where soybeans are unloaded, the weak associations reported are likely to be causal. Therefore, appropriate control measures should be implemented to avoid soybean dust emissions, particularly in harbors with populations living in the vicinity.  (+info)

The European mesothelioma epidemic. (6/11802)

Projections for the period 1995-2029 suggest that the number of men dying from mesothelioma in Western Europe each year will almost double over the next 20 years, from 5000 in 1998 to about 9000 around 2018, and then decline, with a total of about a quarter of a million deaths over the next 35 years. The highest risk will be suffered by men born around 1945-50, of whom about 1 in 150 will die of mesothelioma. Asbestos use in Western Europe remained high until 1980, and substantial quantities are still used in several European countries. These projections are based on the fit of a simple age and birth cohort model to male pleural cancer mortality from 1970 to 1989 for six countries (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and Switzerland) which together account for three-quarters of the population of Western Europe. The model was tested by comparing observed and predicted numbers of deaths for the period 1990-94. The ratio of mesothelioma to recorded pleural cancer mortality has been 1.6:1 in Britain but was assumed to be 1:1 in other countries.  (+info)

A multistate, foodborne outbreak of hepatitis A. National Hepatitis A Investigation Team. (7/11802)

BACKGROUND: We investigated a large, foodborne outbreak of hepatitis A that occurred in February and March 1997 in Michigan and then extended the investigation to determine whether it was related to sporadic cases reported in other states among persons who had consumed frozen strawberries, the food suspected of causing the outbreak. METHODS: The cases of hepatitis A were serologically confirmed. Epidemiologic studies were conducted in the two states with sufficient numbers of cases, Michigan and Maine. Hepatitis A virus RNA detected in clinical specimens was sequenced to determine the relatedness of the virus from outbreak-related cases and other cases. RESULTS: A total of 213 cases of hepatitis A were reported from 23 schools in Michigan and 29 cases from 13 schools in Maine, with the median rate of attack ranging from 0.2 to 14 percent. Hepatitis A was associated with the consumption of frozen strawberries in a case-control study (odds ratio for the disease, 8.3; 95 percent confidence interval, 2.1 to 33) and a cohort study (relative risk of infection, 7.5; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.1 to 53) in Michigan and in a case-control study in Maine (odds ratio for infection, 3.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.0 to 14). The genetic sequences of viruses from 126 patients in Michigan and Maine were identical to one another and to those from 5 patients in Wisconsin and 7 patients in Arizona, all of whom attended schools where frozen strawberries from the same processor had been served, and to those in 2 patients from Louisiana, both of whom had consumed commercially prepared products containing frozen strawberries from the same processor. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a large outbreak of hepatitis A in Michigan that was associated with the consumption of frozen strawberries. We found apparently sporadic cases in other states that could be linked to the same source by viral genetic analysis.  (+info)

A community outbreak of invasive and non-invasive group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal disease in a town in South Wales. (8/11802)

An increase in the incidence of invasive and non-invasive infections caused by group A beta-haemolytic streptococci (GAS) was noted in and around the town of Glynneath (population approx. 4000) in West Glamorgan, South Wales between 1 January and 30 June 1995. A total of 133 cases was ascertained with 127 (96%) occurring between 1 March and 30 June 1995. Six patients had invasive disease (one died) and all presented at the peak of the outbreak. There were 127 non-invasive cases of whom 7 were hospitalized. The outbreak was investigated to determine its extent and whether it was caused by a single M-serotype of GAS. Serotyping showed that 13 different M-serotypes were involved with the M1 serotype predominating. The overall incidence of GAS invasive disease in West Glamorgan (population 365,000) increased sevenfold from a crude incidence of 0.5/10(5) per year in 1994 to 3.5/10(5) per year in 1995, but fell back to 0.75/10(5) per year in 1996. Eighty-two (80%) out of 102 individuals affected by GAS replied to a health questionnaire; sore throat was the commonest symptom reported (97%). Thirty-nine of these index cases identified at least one other member of their household who had experienced similar symptoms. The interval between the onset of illness in members of a single household was 0-83 days with a mean of 22 days. The mean duration of illness was 13.5 days and 61% of patients were treated with penicillin V for a mean duration of 9.3 days. Twenty-one per cent of GAS isolates were erythromycin-resistant and the M4 and M6 serotypes were especially resistant to erythromycin (87.5 and 100% resistance, respectively). Penicillin V failed to eradicate GAS from the throats of 25% of assessable patients. In this community, an outbreak of non-invasive disease caused by GAS was linked in time and place with an outbreak of serious invasive disease.  (+info)

Despite high vaccination coverage in most European countries, large community outbreaks of measles do occur, normally clustered around schools and resulting from suboptimal vaccination coverage. To determine whether or when it is worth implementing outbreak-response vaccination campaigns in schools, we used stochastic outbreak models to reproduce a public school outbreak in Germany, where no vaccination campaign was implemented. We assumed 2 scenarios covering the baseline vaccination ratio range (91.3%-94.3%) estimated for that school and computed outbreaks assuming various vaccination delays. In one scenario, reacting (i.e., implementing outbreak-response vaccination campaigns) within 12-24 days avoided large outbreaks and reacting within 50 days reduced outbreak size. In the other scenario, reacting within 6-14 days avoided large outbreaks and reacting within 40 days reduced the outbreak size. These are realistic time frames for implementing school outbreak response vaccination campaigns. ...
BACKGROUND: Within outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157 (E. coli O157), at least 10-15% of cases are thought to have been acquired by secondary transmission. However, there has been little systematic quantification or characterisation of secondary outbreak cases worldwide. The aim of this study was to characterise secondary outbreak cases, estimate the overall proportion of outbreak cases that were the result of secondary transmission and to analyse the relationships between primary and secondary outbreak cases by mode of transmission, country and median age. METHODS: Published data was obtained from 90 confirmed Escherichia coli O157 outbreaks in Great Britain, Ireland, Scandinavia, Canada, the United States and Japan, and the outbreaks were described in terms of modes of primary and secondary transmission, country, case numbers and median case age. Outbreaks were tested for statistically significant differences in the number of ill, confirmed, primary and secondary cases (analysis of variance ...
Zika is a significant global public health issue. We demonstrate that, based on an average infectious period of 5.5 days17,18, Zika virus transmission by vector mosquitoes could have occurred in Cairns, Townsville and Rockhampton during the warmer months in 2015 and 2016, with Brisbane unsuitable for transmission. However, this changes when we take a lower epidemic potential threshold, based on a longer infectious period. Except for Brisbane where the vector is not yet established, these results are consistent with the epidemic potential of dengue virus in Cairns and Townsville.. While estimates are preliminary, these analyses point to the importance of further investigations of the infectious period as well as the infection and transmission rates of ZIKV and Australian mosquitoes (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus) to allow more accurate estimates of the epidemic potential for ZIKV in Australia.. The Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympics (5-21 August 2016) and the Paralympic Games (7-18 September 2016) ...
The outbreak investigation was coordinated by the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (DVFA) in cooperation with Statens Serum Institut (SSI) and The National Food Institute at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU-FOOD). The Danish Regional Food Control Offices, under the DVFA, conducted separate local outbreak investigations. An outbreak was considered a part of the meta-outbreak if the outbreak occurred in Denmark in March-April 2016 after consumption of green coral lettuce from France.. Local outbreak investigations were conducted via contact to outbreak venues and kitchens responsible for the catering to establish the circumstances of the outbreaks. Further investigations were then done to establish attack rate and food exposure details. Stool sample kits were distributed directly to patients by the local investigators where possible. Patients were encouraged to send in two separate stool samples to the SSI. Stool samples analysis was performed at the SSI and food sample analysis ...
Here, we analyse human infectious disease outbreaks across the world, spanning multiple decades. Our results provide new descriptions of the global disease-scape and our new dataset, now available for others to use, will help advance the field of disease biogeography.. While outbreaks represent an increase in the number of disease cases beyond expectations for a given population, emerging human infectious diseases are further characterized by novelty: for example, diseases that have undergone recent evolutionary change, entered the human population for the first time, or have been newly discovered [5,9]. The number of outbreaks, like the number of emerging infectious diseases, appears to be increasing with time in the human population both in total number and richness of causal diseases. Although our finding implies that outbreaks are increasing in impact globally, outbreak cases per capita appear to be declining over time. Our data suggest that, despite an increase in overall outbreaks, global ...
Looking for primary case? Find out information about primary case. in the United States, a preliminary election in which the candidate of a party is nominated directly by the voters. The establishment of the primary system... Explanation of primary case
Background Pertussis control remains a challenge due to recently observed effects of waning immunity to acellular vaccine and suboptimal vaccine coverage. Multiple outbreaks have been reported in different ages worldwide. For certain outbreaks, public health authorities can launch an outbreak response immunization (ORI) campaign to control pertussis spread. We investigated effects of an outbreak response immunization targeting young adolescents in averting pertussis cases. Methods We developed an agent-based model for pertussis transmission representing disease mechanism, waning immunity, vaccination schedule and pathogen transmission in a spatially-explicit 500,000-person contact network representing a typical Canadian Public Health district. Parameters were derived from literature and calibration. We used published cumulative incidence and dose-specific vaccine coverage to calibrate the models epidemiological curves. We endogenized outbreak response by defining thresholds to trigger simulated
Foodborne pathogens are responsible for an increasing burden of disease worldwide. Knowledge on the contribution of different food sources and water for disease is essential to prioritize food safety interventions and implement appropriate control measures. Source attribution using outbreak data utilizes readily available data from outbreak surveillance to estimate the contribution of different sources to human disease. We developed a probabilistic model based on outbreak data that attributes human foodborne disease by various bacterial pathogens to sources in Latin America and the Caribbean (LA&C). Foods implicated in outbreaks were classified by their ingredients as simple foods (i.e. belonging to one single food category), or complex foods (i.e. belonging to multiple food categories). For each agent, the data from simple-food outbreaks were summarized, and the proportion of outbreaks caused by each category was used to define the probability that an outbreak was caused by a source. For the ...
The Hawaii Department of Health has confirmed two cases of severe respiratory illness associated with e-cigarette use (also known as vaping). The first illness occurred in a Hawaii island resident under the age of 18 years. The second illness occurred in a young adult resident from Kauai. Both cases appear to be linked to a national outbreak.. As of October 15, more than 1,400 cases have been reported in 49 states (all except Alaska), including 33 deaths reported in 24 states. No single type of vaping device or product has been identified as the cause of the lung injuries and illnesses, but investigations are ongoing.. The Disease Outbreak Control Division is investigating all reported cases and coordinating with state and federal partners to try to identify the cause.. For current recommendations on e-cigarettes and vaping for the public, go here.. ...
Michael E. St. Louis, M.D. Enteric Disease Branch, Division of Bacterial Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases INTRODUCTION Since 1971 CDC has tabulated data on waterborne disease outbreaks separately from those for foodborne disease outbreaks and compiled these data in annual reports. The Water-Related Diseases Activity has the following goals: 1) to determine trends in the incidence of water-related diseases in the United States, 2) to characterize the epidemiology of water-related diseases, 3) to disseminate information on prevention and control of water-related diseases to appropriate public health personnel, 4) to train federal, state, and local health department personnel in epidemiologic techniques used to investigate water-related disease outbreaks, and 5) to collaborate with local, state, and other federal and international agencies in initiatives concerning prevention of water-related diseases. In addition to waterborne disease outbreaks associated with water intended for drinking, ...
The study, published Feb. 21 in the CDC journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, reviewed dairy product outbreaks from 1993 to 2006 in all 50 states. The authors compared the amount of milk produced in the United States during the study period (about 2.7 trillion pounds) to the amount that CDC estimates was likely consumed raw (1 percent or 27 billion pounds) to determine the 150 times higher rate for outbreaks caused by raw milk products. Raw milk products include cheese and yogurt.. The study included 121 dairyrelated disease outbreaks, which caused 4,413 illnesses, 239 hospitalizations and three deaths. In 60 percent of the outbreaks (73 outbreaks) state health officials determined raw milk products were the cause. Nearly all of the hospitalizations (200 of 239) were in those sickened in the raw milk outbreaks. These dairy-related outbreaks occurred in 30 states, and 75 percent (55 outbreaks) of the raw milk outbreaks occurred in the 21 states where it was legal to sell raw milk products at ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Laboratory test performance in young adults during influenza outbreaks at World Youth Day 2008. AU - Foo, H.. AU - Blyth, C. C.. AU - van Hal, S.. AU - McPhie, K.. AU - Ratnamohan, M.. AU - Fennell, M.. AU - Ba Alawi, F.. AU - Rawlinson, W.. AU - Adamson, S.. AU - Armstrong, P.. AU - Dwyer, D. E.. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - Background: The performance of influenza laboratory diagnostics in young adults and in the setting of outbreaks during mass gatherings has not been well studied. Objectives: We compare the performance of point-of-care tests (POCTs) and immunofluorescence assays (IFAs) with nucleic acid tests (NATs) and viral culture in pilgrims attending influenza clinics established during a large influenza outbreak (World Youth Day, Sydney, Australia, 2008) to assess their performance under the real-life pressures of a mass influenza outbreak. Study design: Patients with an influenza-like illness (ILI) underwent respiratory specimen sampling. Combined deep nares and ...
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E. coli bacteria co-exist with humans and animals in harmless symbiosis, however, every year they also cause infections and deaths. Disease outbreaks caused by E. coli most commonly occur after contact with contaminated food or water. A recent example of a disease outbreak caused by E. coli comes from Germany, where, in 2011, several thousand people were contaminated and 50 deaths were recorded.. Disease outbreaks caused by bacteria can never completely be avoided, however, their extent can be minimised by quickly detecting them and locating the source. As part of his PhD project, Rolf Sommer Kaas from the National Food Institute has developed a freely accessible internet-based tool, CSI Phylogeny. The tool can analyse bacterias genetic material, e.g. that of E. coli, and determine the bacterial evolutionary tree, i.e. how the bacteria are related. This information can be used as a starting point for quickly finding the outbreak source.. ...
Definition of Disease outbreak in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Disease outbreak? Meaning of Disease outbreak as a legal term. What does Disease outbreak mean in law?
Outbreaks of multidrug-resistant bacteria present a frequent threat to vulnerable patient populations in hospitals around the world. Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are particularly susceptible to nosocomial infections due to indwelling devices such as intravascular catheters, drains, and intratracheal tubes for mechanical ventilation. The increased vulnerability of infected ICU patients demonstrates the importance of effective outbreak management protocols to be in place. Understanding the transmission of pathogens via genotyping methods is an important tool for outbreak management. Recently, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of pathogens has become more accessible and affordable as a tool for genotyping. Analysis of the entire pathogen genome via WGS could provide unprecedented resolution in discriminating even highly related lineages of bacteria and revolutionize outbreak analysis in hospitals. Nevertheless, clinicians have long been hesitant to implement WGS in outbreak analyses due to the ...
Source: New Zealand Ministry of Health. Work is underway to further strengthen New Zealands management of communicable disease outbreaks in response to recommendations from two newly published reports.. Today, the Ministry of Health is releasing two reports it commissioned into this years influenza immunisation campaign and last years measles outbreak in Auckland.. Its vital we learn lessons from outbreaks to ensure were in a strong position to best respond to the current COVID pandemic as well as prevent and respond to future outbreaks, says Director-General of Health Dr Ashley Bloomfield.. In particular, both reports have identified important lessons that will inform preparation for rollout of a COVID-19 immunisation programme, when a safe and effective vaccine is approved for use here. ...
An outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium linked to ground beef that started in early December of 2012 is now thought to have ended in mid-February after sickening a total of 22 people, announced the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Friday.. The 22 illnesses linked to the outbreak occurred in 6 states: Arizona (1 case), Illinois (2 cases), Iowa (1 case), Michigan (9 cases), Pennsylvania (1 case), and Wisconsin (8 cases).. Among the 14 outbreak victims for whom information was available, half were hospitalized, according to CDCs final outbreak report. No deaths were connected to the outbreak.. The type of Salmonella Typhimurium that caused this outbreak is uncommon, according to CDC.. This PFGE (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) pattern has rarely been seen before in PulseNet and in the past typically caused 0-1 cases per month, said the agency in its outbreak report.. Ground beef products made by two companies - Jouni Meats and Gab Halal Foods - are considered the likely source of ...
A new approach to information gathering could allow scientists to quickly identify the most effective way to manage a disease outbreak, an advance that could save lives. Developed by an international team of researchers led by Penn State scientists using insights from the 2014 Ebola outbreak, the method pinpoints critical pieces of missing information required to improve management decisions during an outbreak.
Abstract: Identifying important nodes for disease spreading is a central topic in network epidemiology. We investigate how well the position of a node, characterized by standard network measures, can predict its epidemiological importance in any graph of a given number of nodes. This is in contrast to other studies that deal with the easier prediction problem of ranking nodes by their epidemic importance in given graphs. As a benchmark for epidemic importance, we calculate the exact expected outbreak size given a node as the source. We study exhaustively all graphs of a given size, so do not restrict ourselves to certain generative models for graphs, nor to graph data sets. Due to the large number of possible nonisomorphic graphs of a fixed size, we are limited to 10-node graphs. We find that combinations of two or more centralities are predictive ($R^2$ scores of 0.91 or higher) even for the most difficult parameter values of the epidemic simulation. Typically, these successful combinations ...
Our analyses demonstrate the epidemiological importance of variation in group size in social species. As the variance of the group size distribution increases, the model demonstrates that the epidemic threshold decreases and that both the mean and variance of small outbreak sizes should increase. Above the epidemic threshold, that is, for diseases capable of causing large epidemics, the effect of group size variability depends on the transmissibility of the disease. For mildly contagious diseases, more variable group sizes promote larger epidemics, whereas for more highly contagious diseases, the effect reverses and group size variability inhibits epidemics.. These findings have important implications for disease-control strategies, including vaccination, quarantine and culling, which often target social groups that are likely to decrease the epidemic threshold. Prior studies have highlighted the importance of targeting groups with high numbers of interacting neighbours or who occupy a central ...
We are currently experiencing an unprecedented challenge, managing and containing an outbreak of a new coronavirus disease known as COVID-19. While China-where the outbreak started-seems to have been able to contain the growth of the epidemic, different outbreaks are nowadays present in multiple countries. Nonetheless, authorities have taken action and implemented containment measures, even if not everything is known. To facilitate this task, we have studied the effect of different containment strategies that can be put into effect. Our work referred initially to the situation in Spain as of February 28, 2020, where a few dozens of cases had been detected, but has been updated to match the current situation as of 13 April. We implemented an SEIR metapopulation model that allows tracing explicitly the spatial spread of the disease through data-driven stochastic simulations. Our results are in line with the most recent recommendations from the World Health Organization, namely, that the best strategy is
University of Guelph researchers have received a $375,000 Health Canada grant to develop a database program to help pinpoint causes of disease outbreaks. The first-of-its-kind project will link animal health, food safety and human health data to speed up the identification and evaluation of disease outbreak sources. For example, if Health Canada was trying to determine the cause of a Salmonella outbreak in humans, the database would specify any related outbreaks in farm or pet animals and related contaminated food products. Time is key in these events -- people can become very ill or die during disease outbreaks -- so speedy recognition and evaluation are critical, said Beverly McEwen, one of the project co-ordinators from the Universitys Animal Health Laboratory. The grant was awarded by Federal Health Minister Allan Rock through Health Canadas Health Infostructure Support Program (HISP), which supports the use of new technologies in health. The grant will be used for hardware, software and ...
Video created by 约翰霍普金斯大学 for the course Public Health in Humanitarian Crises 2. This module describes features and strategies to detect disease outbreaks and the key aspects of an effective outbreak response.
Coping with the Stress of an Infectious Disease Outbreak like COVID-19 Even if your family is prepared, an outbreak can be very stressful. To help your family cope with this stress, following ...
Ebola Outbreak Highlights Importance of Infection Control for Healthcare Professionals By CareerSmart Learning Contributor, October 2014 , as published by
Public health officials thought West Nile virus was history. But in 2012, the virus struck back, sparking a major outbreak around Dallas that killed 19 people and left hundreds more disabled. Scientists say theyve discovered key clues in the Dallas outbreak that could help predict future outbreaks.
Bitscopic Inc., a leading provider of health analytics tools, announced today that the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has selected its Praedico platform to detect and monitor infectious disease outbreaks across the country. In addition, the VA is going to pilot Bitscopics advanced analytics software for the early detection and management of hospital acquired infections (HAI) and other clinical informatics applications. Bitscopics Praedico scans data from electronic health records (EHRs), laboratories, pharmacies, and other sources in seconds. It has been used to analyze infectious disease data including influenza, dengue, Hepatitis C (HCV), etc. Praedico is a modular, highly configurable, and customizable platform. It can detect and monitor large-scale events such as antibiotic resistance trends and potential major disease outbreaks. In addition, it monitors more localized events and tools, such as patient monitoring devices, and surgical site infections. Read More ». ...
Several high-profile outbreaks have drawn attention to invasive fungal infections (IFIs) as an increasingly important public health problem. IFI outbreaks are caused by many different fungal pathogens and are associated with numerous settings and sources. In the community, IFI outbreaks often occur among people without predisposing medical conditions and are frequently precipitated by environmental disruption. Health-care-associated IFI outbreaks have been linked to suboptimal hospital environmental conditions, transmission via health-care workers hands, contaminated medical products, and transplantation of infected organs. Outbreak investigations provide important insights into the epidemiology of IFIs, uncover risk factors for infection, and identify opportunities for preventing similar events in the future. Well recognised challenges with IFI outbreak recognition, response, and prevention include the need for improved rapid diagnostic methods, the absence of routine surveillance for most ...
The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) declared a statewide community outbreak in June 2018 after observing an increase in hepatitis A cases. Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable liver disease that usually spreads when a person ingests fecal matter - even in microscopic amounts - from contact with objects, food or drinks contaminated by the stool of an infected person. Hepatitis A can also be spread from close personal contact with an infected person, such as through sex. The statewide community outbreak is spread through person-to-person contact.. In May 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provided an updated case definition resulting in an increase in the number of outbreak cases in Ohio. ODH and local health departments continue to investigate reported hepatitis A cases.. The high-risk populations for hepatitis A in this outbreak include:. ...
Fast disease outbreak management and protection of herd health can now be achieved by 2 new systems that combine smartphone apps, powerful software and GPS technology. The systems will soon be available to dairy farms.
The recent surge in reported mumps cases in Hidalgo County coincides with two nationwide trends. The first is the alarming increase of communicable diseases that just a few years ago were considered under control or effectively eradicated. The other, however, is a growing number of U.S. residents who arent getting vaccinated.. The Hidalgo County Health Department has reported some 20 confirmed or suspected cases of mumps, a viral disease that causes swelling and tenderness in several glands in the body. It often attacks the salivary glands and traditionally is characterized by swelling in the jaw and neck area. In rare cases it can affect the brain or pancreas, causing pancreatitis, meningitis or even encephalitis.. Historically the disease was more prevalent among young children, but the current local outbreak is can affect more adults. Thats alarming, as the disease can be more severe as the patients age. Mumps affects the reproductive organs in one in four men and one in 20 women who catch ...
Giardia is not endemic in Norway, and more than 90% of reported cases acquire the infection abroad. In late October 2004, an increase in laboratory confirmed cases of giardiasis was reported in the city of Bergen. An investigation was started to determine the source and extent of the outbreak in order to implement control measures. Cases were identified through the laboratory conducting giardia diagnostics in the area. All laboratory-confirmed cases were mapped based on address of residence, and attack rates and relative risks were calculated for each water supply zone. A case control study was conducted among people living in the central area of Bergen using age- and sex matched controls randomly selected from the population register. The outbreak investigation showed that the outbreak started in late August and peaked in early October. A total of 1300 laboratory-confirmed cases were reported. Data from the Norwegian Prescription Database gave an estimate of 2500 cases treated for giardiasis probably
Plant Disease 82:333-336...Plant Disease 82:333-336...Severe Outbreak of Stemphylium Leaf Blight, a New Disease of Cotton in Brazil...Y. R. Mehta , Instituto Agronômico do Paraná-IAPAR, Caixa Postal 481, CEP-8600-970, Londrina, PR., Brazil...
Find humanitarian situation reports, news, analysis, evaluations, assessments, maps, infographics and more on Congo River: Cholera Outbreak - May 2011
Find humanitarian situation reports, news, analysis, evaluations, assessments, maps, infographics and more on Congo River: Cholera Outbreak - May 2011
The deadly Ebola virus is taking a toll on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since its reemergence this year, some 1,625 people have died, and on July 17, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a public health emergency of international concern. It has menaced communities across the countrys north, and individual cases have now reached the city of Goma, near the Congo-Rwanda border, and even spilled into Uganda.. In fragile states like Congo-beset by poverty, instability, and weak governance-not only do disease outbreaks routinely expand into neighboring countries, but they also tend to aggravate other health problems. For example, after the last Ebola outbreak weakened Congos already fragile and overtasked health system, the North Kivu province, where the outbreak is centered, saw an eightfold increase in the incidence of malaria. Simply put, it may be too much to expect a country like Congo to contain an outbreak while also dealing with a host of other problems, including a ...
Ebola outbreak data in various formats. Contribute to montanaflynn/ebola-outbreak-data development by creating an account on GitHub.
There are many times when it is safe to begin treatment as opposed to waiting for a second or third round of the outbreak. The outbreak can be stopped before any complications arise. The most common scenario that doctors deal with is to have an outbreak that continues to recur for several weeks or months. Its also a scenario that involves the transmission of a disease.. A very common symptom of an outbreak is a period of increased fatigue and nausea. An outbreak is caused by parasites, which often occur in an individuals intestinal tract. The parasites often enter the body through food and water that are contaminated by the other person.. If your individual is experiencing such symptoms, you can start treatment immediately by applying the appropriate kind of treatment for your symptoms. The symptoms of an outbreak vary greatly depending on the type of illness that the individual has. Most importantly, an outbreak is one of the most infectious situations possible. When you have a severe case of ...
At 37, Dotti Lesak had already been working at the Fairfax County Department of Public Health for 13 years. Having trained as a medical technician, she loved working in the public health laboratory where she was a bench scientist. Dottis favorite part was being a part of the public health team to identify potential outbreaks of tuberculosis and provide laboratory results so patients could be treated with the right drugs. She recently noticed an uptick in the number of samples submitted from young people in Fairfax County, and even more alarming, were the two positive TB cases the laboratory found among this group. She assumed Jim was there to discuss those cases ...
Via Eurosurveillance: Ongoing outbreak of hepatitis A in Italy: Preliminary report as of 31 May 2013. Over 350 cases have been confirmed since January. The discussion section: Preliminary analysis of the case interviews on possible risk factors associated with the...
Clinical and environmental Vibrio cholerae organisms collected from February 2004 through April 2005 were systematically isolated from 2 rural Bangladeshi locales. Their genetic relatedness was evaluated at 5 loci that contained a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR). The observed minimal overlap in VNTR patterns between the 2 communities was consistent with sequential, small outbreaks from local sources.
Virological investigation of four outbreaks of influenza B reassortants in the northern region of Taiwan from October 2006 to February 2007. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
BACKGROUND: Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, physicians experienced unprecedented levels of burnout. The uncertainty of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic along with increased workload and difficult medical triage decisions may lead to a further decline in physician psychological health. METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, and PsycINFO for primary research from database inception (Medline [1946], EMBASE [1974], PsycINFO [1806]) to November 17, 2020. Titles and abstracts were screened by one of three reviewers and full-text article screening and data abstraction were conducted independently, and in duplicate, by three reviewers. RESULTS: From 6223 unique citations, 480 articles were reviewed in full-text, with 193 studies (of 90,499 physicians) included in the final review. Studies reported on physician psychological symptoms and management during seven infectious disease outbreaks (severe acute respiratory syndrome [SARS], three strains of Influenza A virus [H1N1, H5N1, H7N9], Ebola, Middle East
Epidemics & Infectious Diseases : Unit 2: Hosts Lesson 7 - Detecting an Infectious Disease Outbreak Video about Epidemics & Other Diseases from
Several cases have been linked by investigation and/or viral sequencing to a national outbreak of hepatitis A involving cases in California and Arizona.. More than half the outbreak cases required hospitalization. The vast majority of outbreak cases were reported from two counties-Salt Lake (85) and Utah (26). No deaths have been reported.. The high rate of hospitalization may be a result of cases having underlying illnesses (e.g., alcoholism), or a higher rate of hepatitis comorbidities (e.g., hepatitis B or C).. Hepatitis A is usually spread through having oral contact with items contaminated with hepatitis A, for example, through ingesting food or drinks contaminated by infected feces. Some people do not develop symptoms, even if infected. If symptoms occur, they usually appear anywhere from 2-6 weeks after exposure. Symptoms usually develop over a period of several days, and may include jaundice (the yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes), abdominal pain, nausea or diarrhea. Hepatitis ...
Outbreaks of deadly animal-to-human viruses such as Ebola could become more likely due to climate change and human encroachment into untouched natural habitats, a leading United Nations expert has warned. Dr. David Nabarro, the U.N. secretary-generals special envoy on Ebola, told The Independent the world should prepare for more major outbreaks of zoonotic diseases - those which can pass from animals to humans - which he said were a local and global threat to humanity… (Cooper, 4/5).. ...
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced yesterday that it, state, and other federal officials are investigating three multistate outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to contact with chicks, ducklings, and other live poultry. The outbreaks involve Salmonella serotypes Infantis, Mbandaka, and Typhimiurim. Public health authorities are using PulseNet, the CDCs national subtyping network, to identify illnesses that are part of the outbreaks. Investigators are still getting a handle on the number of states and illnesses involved, and the CDC said it would issue an update when more information is available. So far, interviews with some of the sick patients have revealed that they purchased live chicks and ducklings from multiple feed stores and mail-order hatcheries. Investigations are also underway to determine the source of the live poultry in the outbreaks. Some states have already announced outbreaks related to live baby poultry. For example, on Apr 23 the Minnesota ...
The Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response (CIFOR) is a multidisciplinary collaboration of national associations comprised of state and local agencies representatives and federal public health agencies whose goal is to improve methods at the local, state, and federal levels to detect, investigate, control, and prevent foodborne disease outbreaks. These CIFOR member organizations represent epidemiology, environmental health, public health laboratories, and regulatory agencies involved in foodborne disease surveillance and outbreak response. CIFOR identifies barriers to rapid detection and response to foodborne disease outbreaks and develops projects that address these barriers. CSTE co-chairs the CIFOR Council. More information about CIFOR can be found at www.cifor.us ...
Each year in the United States, ∼260,000 people get sick from contaminated fish. Fish is also the most commonly implicated food category in outbreaks. We reviewed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System for outbreaks resulting from consumption of fish during the period 1998-2015. We found 857 outbreaks associated with fish, resulting in 4815 illnesses, 359 hospitalizations, and 4 deaths. The median number of illnesses per outbreak was three (range: 2-425). The annual number of fish-associated outbreaks declined from an average of 62 per year during the period 1998-2006 to 34 per year during the period 2007-2015. Hawaii (221 outbreaks [26%]) and Florida (203 [24%]) reported the most outbreaks. Among 637 outbreaks (74%) with a confirmed etiology, scombrotoxin (349 [55%]) and ciguatoxin (227 [36%]) were by far most common. Most outbreak-associated illnesses were caused by scombrotoxin (1299 [34%]), Salmonella (978 [26%]), and ciguatoxin (894 ...
ABSTRACT. Background: The United States is the third largest consumer of seafood in the world. Consumption of seafood has many health benefits, but there are also associated risks. Seafood has the potential to carry chemical and biological toxins that can result in severe cases of foodborne illness and even death. In fact, fish is one of the top 3 food commodities implicated in foodborne disease outbreaks each year. In this paper, we describe the epidemiological traits of fish-associated outbreaks from 1998-2008, as well as seek to elucidate associations between fish type, method of preparation, setting, and geographic location.. Methods: Fish-associated outbreak data from CDCs Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System were analyzed in this report and included number of illnesses, hospitalizations and deaths, age groups, gender, reporting state, etiology, fish type, setting, and method of preparation. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify risk factors for ...
The frequency and severity of recurrent outbreaks vary greatly between people. Some individuals outbreaks can be quite debilitating, with large, painful lesions persisting for several weeks, while others experience only minor itching or burning for a few days. Some evidence indicates genetics play a role in the frequency of cold sore outbreaks. An area of human chromosome 21 that includes six genes has been linked to frequent oral herpes outbreaks. An immunity to the virus is built over time. Most infected individuals experience fewer outbreaks and outbreak symptoms often become less severe. After several years, some people become perpetually asymptomatic and no longer experience outbreaks, though they may still be contagious to others. Immunocompromised individuals may experience longer, more frequent, and more severe episodes. Antiviral medication has been proven to shorten the frequency and duration of outbreaks.[79] Outbreaks may occur at the original site of the infection or in proximity ...
RESULTS. From 1993 through 1997, 878 (32%) of the 2,751 outbreaks reported to CDC had a known etiology; these outbreaks accounted for 50,788 (59%) of 86,058 infections (Table 1). Of the 878 outbreaks with a known etiology, 75% (86% of infections) were caused by bacterial pathogens, 17% (1% of infections) by chemical agents, 6% (8% of infections) by viruses, and 2% (5% of infections) by parasites. In most (68%) outbreaks, the etiology was not determined. The incubation period was reported for 1,406 (75%) of the 1,873 outbreaks that had an unknown etiology; in 44 (3%) outbreaks, the incubation period was less than 1 hour; in 428 (30%) outbreaks, 1-7 hours; in 285 (20%) outbreaks, 8-14 hours; and in 649 outbreaks (46%), greater than or equal to 15 hours.. Local investigators may report factors they believe contributed to the outbreak. For each of the years from 1993 through 1997, the most commonly reported food preparation practice that contributed to foodborne disease was improper holding ...
This report published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence, Volume 28, Number 2 provides and analysis of foodborne disease outbreaks in Australia from 1995 to 2000. Health agencies are increasingly conducting systematic reviews of foodborne disease outbreak investigations to develop strategies to prevent future outbreaks.
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Texas cities are in danger of major measles outbreaks because an alarming number of school kids are unvaccinated, researchers warn.. Vaccination rates in the state have declined since 2003 and a computer simulation by University of Pittsburgh researchers found that an additional 5% decrease could increase the size of a measles outbreak by as much as 4,000% in some cities.. At current vaccination rates, theres a significant chance of an outbreak involving more than 400 people right now in some Texas cities, study lead author David Sinclair said in a university news release. Hes a postdoctoral researcher in Pitts School of Public Health.. We forecast that a continuous reduction in vaccination rates would exponentially increase possible outbreak sizes, he added.. At current vaccination rates, the simulation estimates that measles outbreaks of more than 400 cases could occur in Austin and Dallas-Fort Worth. This is because some schools have ...
The ability to detect disease outbreaks in their early stages is a key component of efficient disease control and prevention. With the increased availability of electronic health-care data and spatio-temporal analysis techniques, there is great potential to develop algorithms to enable more effective disease surveillance. However, to ensure that the algorithms are effective they need to be evaluated. The objective of this research was to develop a transparent user-friendly method to simulate spatial-temporal disease outbreak data for outbreak detection algorithm evaluation. A state-transition model which simulates disease outbreaks in daily time steps using specified disease-specific parameters was developed to model the spread of infectious diseases transmitted by person-to-person contact. The software was developed using the MapBasic programming language for the MapInfo Professional geographic information system environment. The simulation model developed is a generalised and flexible model which
Foodborne disease outbreaks caused by imported food appeared to rise in 2009 and 2010, and nearly half of the outbreaks implicated foods imported from areas which previously had not been associated with outbreaks, according to research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, presented today at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases in Atlanta.. Its too early to say if the recent numbers represent a trend, but CDC officials are analyzing information from 2011 and will continue to monitor for these outbreaks in the future, said Hannah Gould, Ph.D., an epidemiologist in CDCs Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases and the lead author.. CDC experts reviewed outbreaks reported to CDCs Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System from 2005-2010 for implicated foods that were imported into the United States. During that five-year period, 39 outbreaks and 2,348 illnesses were linked to imported food from 15 countries. Of those outbreaks, ...
In 2007, a waterborne outbreak of Cryptosporidium hominis infection occurred in western Ireland, resulting in 242 laboratory-confirmed cases and an uncertain number of unconfirmed cases. A boil water notice was in place for 158 days that affected 120,432 persons residing in the area, businesses, visitors, and commuters. This outbreak represented the largest outbreak of cryptosporidiosis in Ireland. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost of this outbreak. We adopted a societal perspective in estimating costs associated with the outbreak. Economic cost estimated was based on totaling direct and indirect costs incurred by public and private agencies. The cost of the outbreak was estimated based on 2007 figures. We estimate that the cost of the outbreak was >€19 million (≈€120,000/day of the outbreak). The US dollar equivalent based on todays exchange rates would be $22.44 million (≈$142,000/day of the outbreak). This study highlights the economic need for a safe drinking water
A large-scale multiple surveillance system for infectious disease outbreaks has been in operation in England and Wales since the early 1990s. Changes to the statistical algorithm at the heart of the system were proposed and the purpose of this paper is to compare two new algorithms with the original algorithm. Test data to evaluate performance are created from weekly counts of the number of cases of each of more than 2000 diseases over a twenty-year period. The time series of each disease is separated into one series giving the baseline (background) disease incidence and a second series giving disease outbreaks. One series is shifted forward by twelve months and the two are then recombined, giving a realistic series in which it is known where outbreaks have been added. The metrics used to evaluate performance include a scoring rule that appropriately balances sensitivity against specificity and is sensitive to variation in probabilities near 1. In the context of disease surveillance, a scoring rule can
The Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response (CIFOR) released the second edition of the CIFOR Guidelines for Foodborne Disease Outbreak Response in April of 2014. The Guidelines describe the overall approach to foodborne disease outbreak response (including preparation, surveillance and outbreak detection, cluster and outbreak investigation, and control) and provide recommended practices in each of these areas to help agencies and jurisdictions improve local foodborne disease outbreak response. The Guidelines capture the approaches (and genius) of some of the great foodborne disease investigation and control programs in this country, portraying their successful practices in black and white for all to see (and learn from). The Guidelines are chockfull of recommended activities that can help every program in the country (big and small) be one of the greats!. But the Guidelines were not made for light (or bedtime) reading (nor for finding the practices that will help improve your program on ...
Olive leaf extract has been known as a remedy for fighting all types of viruses, including herpes simplex virus. Olive leaf extract consists of the compound of oleurpein which is tested to kill various viruses. This is a strong compound lied in olive leaves and trunk which protect the plant from parasites. Herpes flares up when your immune system weakens or when you are stressed, because your body does not produce enough protein. Olive oil extract is capable of boosting the immune system to produce sufficient protein which will inhibit the virus from out breaking. Oleurpein is the main content of olive leaf extract which boosts immune system to fight herpes simplex virus which may cause both labial and genital herpes. Although the substance is not proven yet to eliminate herpes virus permanently, this is useful for preventing the virus from causing major outbreak. This major outbreak may cause painful blisters around the mouth which are accompanied by itching. In severe genital herpes, this ...
The first step in the investigation is, of course, detecting that an outbreak has actually occurred. Public health agencies usually discover an outbreak by monitoring the results of the foodborne illness surveillance systems in place. If surveillance system reporting shows that an unusually large number of people in a given area fell ill due to the same pathogen, public health officials may deem this irregularity a cluster. If the individuals in the cluster all consumed a common food product linked to the illness, an outbreak is determined.. A cluster, suggestive of an outbreak, can be identified in several ways. Informal reporting can help public health officials determine a cluster that specifically identifies an outbreak and the food industry source responsible. Informal reporting occurs, for example, when individuals from a community inform their local health agency of several instances of foodborne illnesses occurring after exposure to a common food source, such as when a group of friends ...
Low vaccination rates, global outbreaks fuel U.S. measles spread Social Sharing Low vaccination rates, global outbreaks fuel U.S. measles spread In New York state and Washington state, U.S. travelers picked up measles in foreign countries where the highly contagious disease was running rampant and brought it back to places where vaccination rates were too low by U.S. public health standards.. Read the source article at cbc.ca. ...
REGISTER HERE for Global Disease Outbreaks: Shaping Public Health Infrastructure & Investments, a Harvard Chan Outbreak Week event.. Download the event flyer.. Check out other Outbreak Week events.. ...
At least 13 people in eight states have died after eating cantaloupe contaminated with listeria, in the deadliest outbreak of food-borne illness in the United States in more than a decade, public health officials said on Tuesday. ... The outbreak appeared to be the third worst in the United States attributed to any form of food-borne illness, in terms of the number of deaths, since the C.D.C. began regularly tracking such outbreaks in the early 1970s. The deadliest outbreak in the United States since then occurred in 1985, when a wave of listeria illness, linked to Mexican-style fresh cheese, swept through California. A federal database says 52 deaths were attributed to the outbreak, but news reports at the time put the number as high as 84. The second-deadliest outbreak was in 1998 and 1999, when there were at least 14 deaths and four miscarriages or stillbirths in a listeria outbreak linked to hot dogs and delicatessen meats. Some sources put the death toll in that outbreak as high as 21 ...
Here, we have presented an investigation of two outbreaks of MDR K. pneumoniae infections in adjoining high‐dependency paediatric units in a hospital in Nepal. The outbreaks were characterised by a high proportion of bloodstream infections and a high case‐fatality rate. We used WGS in an attempt to characterise strain circulation and diversity in this hospital, and comparative genomics to identify genetic traits that may be associated with the disease phenotype and the persistence of these strains. The notable advances highlighted in this study, in comparison to previous investigations of hospital outbreaks of K. pneumoniae, are the use of the large‐scale WGS data to deduce the bacterial isolates involved in the outbreaks and to use these data to retrospectively define the scope of outbreak strains across the hospital over a protracted period. These approaches have permitted us to interrogate these serious hospital outbreaks of K. pneumoniae with a degree of resolution that would be ...
In an op-ed piece published yesterday in the Oregonian, the Oregon state health department claims that a substantial proportion of cases of the vaping-associated respiratory illness outbreak are caused not by THC/CBD vaping, but by nicotine-containin
Apparently, there is a Faith Healer [who] Convinces Followers To Never Vaccinate, [and] Now Church [is] The Center Of Measles Outbreak The Eagle Mountain International Church in Newark, Texas, run by Kenneth Copeland Ministries, has long been a strong anti-vaccination stronghold. Now, it is the epicenter of a major outbreak of Measles in the United States.
The production process of the swabs was described as follows: The foam rubber heads and sticks were glued together manually in private homes of employees who were following moderate hygiene guidelines.. One batch of moisturizing liquid consisted of: Tap water (147 liters), 96% ethanol (3 litres), Glycerol (16 litres) and Vademecum, a commercially available mouth rinse (6 litres). The main ingredients of the mouth rinse are ethanol (44%) and sodium benzoate (5.25%). The final concentration in the Dent-O-Sept moisturizing liquid was calculated to be 2.3% ethanol; 9.3% glycerol and 0.18% sodium benzoate [25].. A new batch of the liquid was prepared in the following way every week of production: The tap water was filled into a large steel tank with a lid on Friday, and then heated to 95°C the following day in an automated but uncontrolled process (Figure 2). On Monday the other ingredients were added and the solution stirred manually with a steel rod.. Packing, moisturizing and sealing of the swabs ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Syndromic Surveillance: Enhancing Detection of Disease Outbreaks in Urban China. AU - Pilot, E.. AU - Schwarz, C.. AU - Wang, L.. AU - Krafft, T.. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. N2 - Recently a number of innovative surveillance approaches have been piloted or implemented in several parts of the country. Though Chinese cities have usually a sufficient health infrastructure that is included in the national surveillance system, the differences in treatment seeking behavior of a diverse urban population and the still unresolved issue of affordability and or accessibility of care for the less affluent or the floating population still demand more comprehensive surveillance strategies. The aim of this chapter is to depict the role and potential of syndromic surveillance in enhancing the capacities for early detection of disease outbreaks. AB - Recently a number of innovative surveillance approaches have been piloted or implemented in several parts of the country. Though Chinese cities ...
Expect even more measles outbreaks in the United States in coming years, public health experts say, thanks to overseas epidemics and growing misinformation efforts by anti-vaccination activists.. Outbreaks of the highly contagious virus are now active in 20 states, with 555 confirmed cases in the US this year alone, according to the CDC. Thats well on track to exceed 2014s record of 667 cases, the highest number recorded since the disease was declared domestically eradicated in 2000.. All of the new US outbreaks originally derived from infections transmitted by travelers - either visitors from overseas, or US residents who went abroad. Every case we have now is associated with travel, Thomas Clark, deputy director of the CDCs viral diseases division, told BuzzFeed News. And with measles cases now surging outside of the US too - seeing a 300% global increase this year compared to last - we are likely to see more cases here, public health experts say.. It is unfortunately the new normal, ...
The CDC continues to interview sick people in the United States to determine what they ate in the week before their illness started.. Based on that information, officials say that ill persons in this outbreak are not more likely than healthy people to have eaten romaine lettuce.. An FDA spokesperson later confirmed this position to Consumer Reports: This work is ongoing.. This is a unsafe strain of E. coli that can cause severe illness and even death, said Hallorans statement. A spokeswoman for the health department Thursday said there was one case in the state linked to the current outbreak involving leafy salad greens. However, an eerily similar outbreak in the U.S.is still being investigated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Because of these reporting delays, more time is needed before CDC can say the outbreak in the United Stated is over.. Romaine lettuce might be the culprit of a recent E. coli outbreak, but the CDC says it ...
The outbreak that included 119 cases including 40 deaths last November has increased to 213 cases and 57 fatalities and in light of the recent tropical storm and flooding on Madagascar, which has displaced tens of thousands of people and untold numbers of rats,the risk of more plague is something to be concerned about.. Chan said of the Madagascar plague outbreak:. This is the kind of geographically focused and readily manageable outbreak that WHO was designed to contain. Plague is endemic in Madagascar, where seasonal outbreaks are amplified by the dual forces of poverty and unplanned urbanization. Detected early, the disease responds well to treatment. Researchers at the countrys Institut Pasteur, supported by WHO, have developed a cheap and reliable diagnostic test that delivers results in 15 minutes.. But the outbreak that started last November has some disturbing dimensions. The fleas that transmit this ancient disease from rats to humans have developed resistance to the first-line ...
Studying the geographical distribution of diseases over the internet is a hot trending topic in digital epidemiology. Epidemiologists have begun to use online data (such as Twitter trends) to track the activity levels of infectious diseases, as social media is a good method of measuring public awareness to disease outbreaks.A recently published article in Infectious Diseases of Poverty is the first to document the online Chinese communitys reaction to a SARS-like virus (MERS-CoV) in the Middle East and Europe in 2012, compared to their reaction to the bird flu (H7N9) outbreak in China in 2013. Data was collected via Weibo (a Chinese version of Twitter) by the University of Hong Kongs Weiboscope project.This article showed that the reaction on Weibo to the H7N9 outbreak within China was two orders of magnitude stronger than the reaction to the MERS-CoV disease outbreak in the Middle East and Europe. This data indicates that the online communitys reaction is more profound when the disease ...
This report documents turtles as an important source of pediatric salmonellosis through identification and investigation of an unprecedented number of multistate Salmonella outbreaks associated with exposure to small turtles in a 29-month period. Despite the 1975 federal ban against the sale of small pet turtles, these animals are readily available to a public that is largely unaware of the association between reptiles and Salmonella. Turtles from 1 of the 8 outbreaks were traced to 2 Louisiana turtle farms; samples from breeding ponds at 1 of these farms yielded the outbreak strain. To our knowledge, this is the first time since 1984 that turtles implicated in Salmonella outbreaks have been traced back to the farm of origin, offering a rare opportunity to stop the distribution of turtles causing human illnesses at the source. Traceback for other outbreaks was hindered by the high frequency of purchases from difficult-to-trace vendors, which also pose challenges to turtle ban enforcement and ...
Queens University Chair of the Division of Infectious Diseases Gerald Evans is available to comment on the World Health Organization confirming the deadly Ebola virus outbreak in Congo is now an international health emergency. More than 1,600 people have died since August in the second-worst outbreak of the disease in history.. I agree with the WHO declaration that the outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the DRC is a public health threat of international concern, says Dr. Evans. This outbreak that started nearly a year ago, is now the second largest outbreak of this killer virus following the outbreak in west Africa, which caused over 11,000 deaths from 2014-16. Its arrival in the city of Goma with a population of over two million people has the potential to cause catastrophic spread of Ebola in Africa and beyond. As a global community, we need to take this threat very seriously.. Dr. Evans is a former President of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease (AMMI) ...
India has put 26 people in isolation with bird flu symptoms and hundreds more people are being monitored, officials said on Friday as Pakistan and Thailand reported outbreaks of bird flu in poultry. India is battling its worst outbreak of avian influenza, which has spread to 13 of West Bengals 19 districts. The densely populated state is adjacent to Bangladesh, itself trying to control a major outbreak of bird flu, and has millions of backyard fowl. India has not reported any human infection of the H5N1 bird flu virus in its four outbreaks of avian influenza since 2006.. The preliminary tests for bird flu are negative, but more tests are being conducted and the list of sick people reviewed every day, R.S. Shukla, a senior health official, told Reuters.. To the west in neighboring Pakistan, authorities said bird flu had been detected at a poultry farm on the outskirts of its biggest city, Karachi. But officials said on Friday there was no likelihood of any human infection. In Thailand, the ...
The Ebola outbreak in West Africa has already killed 600 people. The outbreak occurred this spring, but a new study shows that the virus may have been affecting people in the region for years before the outbreak.. According to the study, there was a mysterious illness affecting people in West Africa years before the outbreak. The illness was likely the Ebola virus. Although blood samples were taken from most of the people treated for the illness, none of them were tested for Ebola.. Researchers are now testing the blood samples to see if the patients were indeed suffering from the Ebola virus. The test samples were over seven years old, but still potentially dangerous. Researchers had to heat treat them to help make them safe before they could be tested.. It had been circulating there for a long time, said Randal Schoepp of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases. It just hadnt gotten out of control or the right conditions werent there.. ...
What causes cholera?. Cholera is transmitted through poor hygiene and sanitation. It is no wonder that areas of natural disasters that result in disruption of water and sanitation systems are major outbreak areas of cholera. Other hotspots for cholera outbreaks are overcrowded refugee camps where displaced human populations are temporary accommodated and urban slums. These facilities, too, have inadequate clean water and sanitation system.. Strangely enough, it is not the infection itself that usually kills cholera victims but rather the dehydration resulting from severe diarrhea and vomiting.. The Haitian capital city Port-au-Prince is a classic example of an urban area where cholera can break out.. Pandemic cholera. Like the flu, cholera has also caused pandemics in the past. WHO gives the following historical background:. ...
The CIFOR protocol for investigating foodborne illnesses provides guidance and direction for the regulatory and regulated communities. During a foodborne illness outbreak, time is of the essence in order to identify the offending food product and to remove it from the market place. To facilitate and ensure correct information is obtained in a timely fashion, a consistent approach to investigating foodborne illness outbreaks is crucial.. By using these CIFOR Guidelines and Tools, Industry can take an active and educated role in the outbreak response and investigation, reducing the impact to the public and their business. A fully coordinated investigation can then proceed more quickly and accurately, yielding more dependable results that are in the interest of public health while limiting impact to the involved industry.. The benefits of having a uniform approach include:. 1. The CIFOR Guidelines are a Best Practices document.. 2. Investigation training is simplified by having everyone training to ...
Avian Dis . 2020 Jun;64(2):203-209. doi: 10.1637/0005-2086-64.2.203. Pathologic Evaluation of Influenza A H5N8 Infection Outbreaks in Mule Ducks in Bulgaria Ivan Dinev (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/?sort=date&term=Dinev+I&cauthor_id=32550621) 1 (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32550621/#affiliation-1), Ivan
The Municipality of Walvis Bay would like to notify residents of the outbreak of Hepatitis E in the Walvis Bay District. In November 2017, the Ministry of Health and Social Services declared a Hepatitis E outbreak in Windhoek and since then cases have been reported in other regions. In the Erongo region, the outbreak has been reported in Swakopmund, Omaruru, Henties Bay and Walvis Bay as stated by the Ministry of Health and Social Services. More than 5 laboratory confirmed cases in a month constitute an outbreak and Walvis Bay has reported more than 5 laboratory confirmed cases. The Municipality of Walvis Bay took immediate action in response and launch-ed campaigns to create awareness on food safety and good personal hygiene practices among residents and informal food traders in Walvis Bay. To date, the campaigns have been a great success as the public and informal food traders welcomed the information sharing and were very eager to participate ...
Mohawk College students are asking whether an outbreak similar to the one that recently hit Humber College could happen here. The norovirus outbreak at Humber sickened over 200 students with flu-like symptoms.. My friends at Humber became extremely ill and one of them actually had to be hospitalized, said Mohawk College student Ryan Ryu.. Colleges around the GTA are being asked what they are doing in the wake of the norovirus outbreak at Humber. Jay Robb, Mohawk Colleges director of communications, said the school is taking precautions but wouldnt have handled an outbreak any differently.. As always we keep close tabs on potential outbreaks among our students, faculty and staff, said Robb. Robb also adds that no outbreaks similar to the one at Humber have happened at Mohawk in more than a decade.. But many students and parents remain concerned as to what would happen if Mohawk were to have an outbreak and what it would take for a post-secondary institution to shut down after an ...
An anonymous reader writes in with news about a bird flu outbreak in Bangladesh. At least 150,000 chickens and 300,000 eggs have been destroyed at a giant poultry farm near Dhaka in Bangladesh after the major outbreak of avian flu was detected last week, officials said Wednesday. This seasons bird...
An anonymous reader writes in with news about a bird flu outbreak in Bangladesh. At least 150,000 chickens and 300,000 eggs have been destroyed at a giant poultry farm near Dhaka in Bangladesh after the major outbreak of avian flu was detected last week, officials said Wednesday. This seasons bird...
The evolutionary origins of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus that caused the first outbreak of the 2009 pandemic in Mexico remain unclear, highlighting the lack of swine surveillance in Latin American countries. Although Brazil has one of the largest swine populations in the world, influenza was not thought to be endemic in Brazils swine until the major outbreaks of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in 2009. Through phylogenetic analysis of whole-genome sequences of influenza viruses of the H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 subtypes collected in swine in Brazil during 2009-2012, we identified multiple previously uncharacterized influenza viruses of human seasonal H1N2 and H3N2 virus origin that have circulated undetected in swine for more than a decade. Viral diversity has further increased in Brazil through reassortment between co-circulating viruses, including A(H1N1)pdm09. The circulation of multiple divergent hemagglutinin lineages challenges the design of effective cross-protective vaccines and highlights the ...
Salmonella Outbreak in Beef. JBS Tolleson, Inc. recalled 5.1 million pounds of raw beef products linked to a recent Salmonella outbreak. An epidemiological investigation confirmed 246 people from over 25 states. There were 117 hospitalizations from the outbreak from illnesses dating from August 5, 2018 to October 16, 2018.. Thankfully, this JBS Salmonella outbreak appears to be over, but this is what you need to know to stay safe.. ...
The frequency and severity of recurrent outbreaks vary greatly between people. Some individuals outbreaks can be quite debilitating, with large, painful lesions persisting for several weeks, while others experience only minor itching or burning for a few days. Some evidence indicates genetics play a role in the frequency of cold sore outbreaks. An area of human chromosome 21 that includes six genes has been linked to frequent oral herpes outbreaks. An immunity to the virus is built over time. Most infected individuals experience fewer outbreaks and outbreak symptoms often become less severe. After several years, some people become perpetually asymptomatic and no longer experience outbreaks, though they may still be contagious to others. Immunocompromised individuals may experience longer, more frequent, and more severe episodes. Antiviral medication has been proven to shorten the frequency and duration of outbreaks.[79] Outbreaks may occur at the original site of the infection or in proximity ...
Madagascar proposed a National Plague Control Program, which is a surveillance program run by the government and the Ministry of Health that is based on immediate notification of every suspected case of plague. Every case reported to the National Plague Control Program is treated with antibiotics. In addition to this course of treatment, insecticide is brought to the home or work for flea control. Although the ideas and intentions of the National Plague Control Program are great and in theory could be very beneficial to treating and preventing outbreaks of plague. However, severe economic limitations make the execution of this program less than ideal. Furthermore, disparities in rural areas compared to urban areas make accessibility and testing in rural areas challenging.[24] Economic resources need to be strengthened before this program can live up to its full potential. After the most recent, major outbreak, the WHO created a Crisis Emergency Committee to monitor the situation. They deployed ...
Epidemic curve of a pertussis outbreak, September 2010-April 2011, Japan. A) Suspected cases of pertussis. B) Laboratory-confirmed cases of Bordetella pertuss
Recorded outbreaks[edit]. Marburg virus disease (MVD) outbreaks due to Marburg virus (MARV) infection Year Geographic location ... "Marburg virus disease - Uganda Disease outbreak news". October 25, 2017.. *^ Pringle, C. R. (2005). "Order Mononegavirales". In ... Human disease[edit]. Main article: Marburg virus disease. MARV is one of two Marburg viruses that causes Marburg virus disease ... US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Bioterrorism Agents/Diseases". Archived from the original on 2014-07-22. ...
"Infectious disease outbreaks reported in the Eastern Mediterranean Region in 2018 , News , Epidemic and pandemic diseases". www ... Epidemic and pandemic-prone diseases Infectious disease outbreaks reported in the Eastern Mediterranean Region in 2018 See 8. ... About 35% of those who are diagnosed with the disease die from it. Larger outbreaks have occurred in South Korea in 2015 and in ... "MERS Clinical Features". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2 August 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2020. "MERS outbreaks". ...
"Recent Outbreaks". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). June 16, 2016. Retrieved September 18, 2016. v t e v t e. ... "Multistate Outbreak of Infections Caused by Elizabethkingia anophelis". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). March ... An outbreak centered in Wisconsin began in early November 2015, with 48 people confirmed infected in 12 counties and at least ... E. anophelis has been reported to cause neonatal meningitis in the Central African Republic, and a nosocomial outbreak has been ...
... such as heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, respiratory disease, the immunosuppressed, and the elderly, avoid any close ... Roos R (17 April 2014). "MERS outbreaks grow; Malaysian case had camel link". Retrieved 22 April 2014. "Camels May Transmit New ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) list MERS as transmissible from human to human. They state that "MERS-CoV ... None of the camels showed any sign of disease when the samples were collected. The Qatar Supreme Council of Health advised in ...
In July 1970, there was an outbreak in Odessa and in 1972 there were reports of outbreaks in Baku, but the Soviet Union ... Symptoms of the disease appear between 12 hours and 5 days of infection, however, only 10% of infected people show severe ... This outbreak lasted 2 weeks, infecting 582 persons with 79 deaths (17% mortality). By August, the outbreak had reached ... experienced outbreaks. The west-African outbreak of cholera during 1970-1971 infected more than 400,000 persons. Africa carried ...
The last major outbreak was before the disease was eliminated, and occurred from 1989 to 1991. During this outbreak, 123 people ... "US measles outbreak is largest since disease was declared eliminated in 2000". CNN. Retrieved April 24, 2019. "New York City ... During the early stage of an outbreak in an unvaccinated population, each infected person spreads the disease to an average of ... "Measles Outbreaks and Cases". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). August 26, 2019. Retrieved August 30, 2019. ...
"Browsing ant". National pest & disease outbreaks. Retrieved 24 May 2020. Media related to Lepisiota at Wikimedia Commons v t e ...
... previously known as Australian encephalitis or Australian X disease). In humans, it can cause permanent neurological disease or ... These outbreaks can be "...decades apart, with no or very few cases identified in between". MVEV is a mosquito-borne virus that ... When a patient appears to show MVE symptoms and has been in an MVE-endemic area during the wet season, when outbreaks usually ... Of those who contract MVE, one-quarter die from the disease. The scientific study of the genetics of MVEV has been facilitated ...
Ellis, John A. (2006). "Outbreak! How can we approach emerging diseases?" (PDF). Proceedings of the North American Veterinary ... This causes a much more severe disease than either virus can separately. However, fatal intestinal disease associated with ... The disease is highly contagious and is spread through the feces of infected dogs, who usually shed the virus for six to nine ... Intestinal disease may be related to virus-induced apoptosis (programmed cell death) of cells of the epithelial mucosa of the ...
"Disease outbreaks feared in Camiguin". The Philippine Star. November 11, 2001. Retrieved March 18, 2021. "Bão Qua Vn, 20 Người ... There were fears of disease outbreaks due to lack of clean drinking water and cases of diarrhea in evacuation centers. In Phú ...
Foot-and Mouth Disease outbreaks. DEFRA Foot and Mouth Disease. SAFE AIR II (Italy) - The simulation of air pollution from ...
Disease Outbreak News: Avian Influenza A(H5N1). 2. WHO. "Chronology of a serial killer". Disease Outbreak News: SARS. 95. ... comparison with previous outbreaks". Disease Outbreak News: Avian Influenza A(H5N1). 31. Robert G. Webster; Malik Peiris; ... By midyear of 2003 outbreaks of poultry disease caused by H5N1 occurred in Asia, but were not recognized as such. That December ... Fujian flu Disease surveillance Human security Progress of the SARS outbreak Dog flu Horse flu Bird flu "Archived copy". ...
"NZ measles outbreak: US State Department, Centre for Disease Control share travel warning to US citizens". New Zealand Herald. ... The outbreak began on 8 January with unvaccinated individuals acquiring the disease whilst traveling to France, a country with ... Disease outbreaks also caused casualties in nearby countries including Ireland. In 2008, for the first time in 14 years, ... An outbreak in 2015 had more than 1,700 cases had been reported by May 11 with one death. In September 2008 an outbreak ...
Often, cases occur in outbreaks. The disease was first described in Japan in 1871. Despite its name, the disease is now ... The disease occurs in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. About 3 billion people live in areas where the disease occurs. ... It is a disease caused by the mosquito-borne Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). JEV is a virus from the family Flaviviridae, ... Rare outbreaks in U.S. territories in the Western Pacific have also occurred. Residents of rural areas in endemic locations are ...
There was an outbreak in the summer of 2001 in Colorado, away from where the disease was considered endemic. A group of ... The United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) called the disease a "silent epidemic" and acknowledged ... The disease is not contagious. In some cases the infection may recur or become chronic. An estimated 60% of people infected ... Significant disease develops in fewer than 5% of those infected and typically occurs in those with a weakened immune system. ...
All human societies have medical beliefs - birth, death, disease and cures are explained in some manner. Historically, ... History of emerging infectious diseases. *Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western ... Disease outbreaks‎ (12 C, 7 P). P. *. ► History of pharmacy‎ (6 C, 49 P) ...
Oster, Emily (July 2016). "Does Disease Cause Vaccination? Disease Outbreaks and Vaccination Response" (PDF). Cambridge, MA. ... Philadelphia legionellosis outbreak 1985 salmonellosis outbreak 1985 California listeriosis outbreak 1998 listeriosis outbreak ... coli outbreaks 2009 flu pandemic 2011 listeriosis outbreak 2019 Pacific Northwest measles outbreak COVID-19 pandemic The ... Although the rate is fairly limited on a larger scale, vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks are occurring in pockets across ...
"Influenza-like illness in the United States and Mexico". Disease Outbreak News. World Health Organization. 24 April 2009. ... "Influenza A(H1N1) - update 19". Disease Outbreak News. World Health Organization. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2010. " ... "Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 - update 103". Disease Outbreak News. World Health Organization. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 16 October 2010. " ... Nine people have been reported dead from an outbreak in several Canadian cities, and Mexico reports outbreaks resulting in at ...
A prominent expert in the disease, Aniru Conteh, died from the disease. The Lassa virus is one of several viruses identified by ... An outbreak of Lassa fever occurred in Nigeria during 2018 and spread to 18 of the country's states; it was the largest ... Descriptions of the disease date from the 1950s. The virus was first described in 1969 from a case in the town of Lassa, in ... The disease is usually initially spread to people via contact with the urine or feces of an infected multimammate mouse. Spread ...
1856 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to Shendi. 1862 - Chamber of Commerce established. 1866 - Consulates of ... 1830 - Town becomes capital of "the Sudanese possessions of Egypt." 1838 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to ...
Clinical Infectious Diseases. 63 (2): 227-233. doi:10.1093/cid/ciw210. ISSN 1058-4838. PMID 27048745. "Zika Virus Outbreak". ... DRC Ebola Outbreak (2015): The outbreak began in 2015, but in 2019 there have been 1,000+ cases of Ebola in the DRC. The ... "Ebola outbreak in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo tops 1,000 cases , CDC Online Newsroom , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2019-03-25. ... H1N1 Outbreak (2009): During the H1N1 surge, Direct Relief provided 478 clinics in 49 states with H1N1 protective items to keep ...
"Outbreak management update". Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), Department of Premier and Cabinet. Tasmanian Government. 10 April ... COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) COVID-19 pandemic COVID-19 pandemic in Australia COVID-19 pandemic in Australia (timeline) ... "Outbreak Coronavirus (COVID-19) Updates". Arcare Aged Care. 18 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020. "Arcare Burnside and Arcare ... "Case locations and outbreaks". Department of Health and Human Services, State Government of Victoria. 8 September 2020. ...
"Zika virus infection outbreak, Brazil and the Pacific region" (PDF). Stockholm: European Centre for Disease Prevention and ... "Zika virus infection - Papua New Guinea". Disease Outbreak News. World Health Organization. April 22, 2016. Archived from the ... "Zika virus infection - Maldives". Disease Outbreak News. World Health Organization. February 8, 2016. Archived from the ... The designation has been applied in the past to the Ebola outbreak in 2014, the outbreak of polio in Syria in 2013, and the ...
"Bat-transmitted Human Rabies Outbreaks, Brazilian Amazon". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 12 (8): 1197-1202. doi:10.3201/ ... It is believed that the civilization was later devastated by the spread of diseases from Europe, such as smallpox.[23] ... There are also numerous parasites and disease vectors. Vampire bats dwell in the rainforest and can spread the rabies virus.[40 ...
It can occur in outbreaks of disease. Severe disease may also occur in horses, for which a vaccine is available. A surveillance ... "West Nile Virus". Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2018-10-30. CDC- ... "The West Nile Virus outbreak of 1999 in New York: the Flushing Hospital experience". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 30 (3): 413- ... "Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and progression of disease over time among patients enrolled in the Houston West Nile ...
She was found to be the index case of the outbreak and became the world's last reported fatality due to the disease, five years ... "Surveillance and Control Measures during Smallpox Outbreaks". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 11 (2): 291-297. doi:10.3201/ ... It led him to study and publish in 2005 an article on the Edinburgh smallpox outbreak of 1942, where six of the 36 cases of ... He later recounted that when "I told my friends in Edinburgh that I was going to work in infectious diseases, they thought I ...
It can occur in outbreaks of disease. Severe disease may also occur in horses, for which a vaccine is available. A surveillance ... "Epidemiology and Transmission Dynamics of West Nile Virus Disease". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 11 (8): 1167-1173. doi: ... Like other tropical diseases which are expected to have increased spread due to climate change, there is concern that changing ... Risks for severe disease include being over 60 years old and having other health problems. Diagnosis is typically based on ...
"US gives assistance against possible disease outbreaks". GEO.tv. Archived from the original on 16 August 2010. Retrieved 24 ... Black death diseases (e.g. gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, and skin diseases) due to lack of clean drinking water and sanitation ... "Pakistan faces malaria outbreak - Asia". Al Jazeera English. 14 October 2010. Retrieved 5 December 2010. ذیشان ظفر بی بی سی ... "Disease Threatens Pakistan Flood Victims". VOANews. 13 August 2010. Archived from the original on 13 August 2010. Retrieved 13 ...
They suffered through disease outbreaks and starvation. Once the nations received the land they were given, it largely was ... Diseases such as smallpox that were taking lives of the old, young and children and it was becoming increasingly more difficult ... to control disease as it spread easily throughout communities where there wasn't immunity to these foreign disease. The plains ...
Ebola virus disease (Report). World Health Organization. Retrieved 6 June 2019. "Ebola virus disease outbreak". World Health ... This outbreak was centered in West Africa, an area that had not previously been affected by the disease. The toll was ... Studies of outbreaks in the late twentieth century failed to find a correlation between the disease severity and the genetic ... "Ebola virus disease". Quammen, David (30 December 2014). "Insect-Eating Bat May Be Origin of Ebola Outbreak, New Study Suggests ...
"Ash disease outbreaks in Northern Ireland stand at 16". BBC News. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2013.. ... Comparisons have been made to the outbreak of Dutch elm disease in the 1960s and 1970s.[38] Currently it is estimated that ... A Lithuanian trial searching for disease-resistance resulted in the selection of fifty disease-resistant trees for the ... Hymenoscyphus fraxineus is an Ascomycete fungus that causes ash dieback, a chronic fungal disease of ash trees in Europe ...
Higurashi no Naku Koro ni Kaku: Outbreak (2013). *Hiiro no Kakera Taizen: Totsugeki! Tonari no Ikemens (2012) ... Young Disease Outburst Boy (2019). *The Seven Deadly Sins: Wrath of the Gods (2019-2020) ...
For more about specific outbreaks, see List of Ebola outbreaks.. The disease typically occurs in outbreaks in tropical regions ... "Outbreaks Chronology: Ebola Virus Disease". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).gov. Archived from the original on ... "Ebola virus disease - Democratic Republic of the Congo - Disease outbreak news: Update 6 June 2019". World Health Organization ... "Ebola Virus Disease". SRHD. Retrieved 15 September 2020.. *^ a b c d "Q&A on Transmission, Ebola". Centers for Disease Control ...
Diseases and parasitesEdit. The black wildebeest is particularly susceptible to anthrax, and rare and widely scattered ... Repeated outbreaks of mange (scab) have led to large-scale extinctions.[2] The first study of the protozoa in blue and black ... Malignant catarrhal fever is a fatal disease of domestic cattle caused by a gammaherpesvirus. Like the blue wildebeest, the ... Wild individuals can be competitors of commercial livestock, and can transmit fatal diseases such as rinderpest, and cause ...
This article is about a skin disease common during adolescence. For other acneiform skin diseases, see Acne (disambiguation). ... Vitamin B12 may trigger skin outbreaks similar to acne (acneiform eruptions), or worsen existing acne when taken in doses ... Disease Primers. 1: 15033. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2015.33. PMID 27227877.. *^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions: Acne" (PDF). U.S. ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ...
Originally a disease of fowl in Europe, it was first recorded in North America in 1943-44. Since then outbreaks have been ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 81-91. *^ K.R. Rhoades and R.B. Rimler, Avian pasteurellosis, in "Diseases of poultry", ed. ... Outbreaks occur in cold and wet weather (in late summer, fall and winter). The outbreaks are often traced back to the presence ... Persistence of Pasteurella multocida in Wetlands Following Avian Cholera Outbreaks. Journal of Wildlife Disease. 42: 33-39 ...
Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 11, No. 4, April 2005: Bed Bug Infestations in an Urban Environment, Stephen W. Hwang, ... "Bedbugs Bounce Back: Outbreaks inall 50 states". *Fox News, 15 January 2007: "Lawyer Sues London Hotel, Claims Bedbugs ...
Graft-versus-host disease[edit]. Main article: Graft-versus-host disease. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an inflammatory ... are quite effective in prevention of HSCT-related outbreak of herpetic infection in seropositive patients.[33] The ... Veno-occlusive disease[edit]. Severe liver injury can result from hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD). Elevated levels of ... Major complications are veno-occlusive disease, mucositis, infections (sepsis), graft-versus-host disease and the development ...
Inggris) E. coli Outbreak From Fresh Spinach - U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... Inggris) FDA information on the Spinach and E. coli Outbreak. *( ... Inggris) Investigation of a UK outbreak by Brian Deer. *( ...
By 1682, when William Penn arrived to his American commonwealth, the Lenape had been so reduced by disease, famine, and war ... shortly before the outbreak of the French and Indian War (a part of the Seven Years' War in Europe). ... as the diseases had arisen on the Asian continent and moved west into Europe, where they had become endemic in the cities. ... due to high fatalities from epidemics of infectious diseases carried by Europeans, such as measles and smallpox, to which they ...
The disease is most common in native laborers and in schoolchildren of the tropics and subtropics during the rainy season and ... Sometimes outbreaks can occur; one was recorded in Tanzania in sugarcane workers cutting the crops while barefoot. Tropical ... In some of these countries, such as northern Papua New Guinea, it is the most common skin disease. It is also a frequent ... Tropical ulcer has been described as a disease of the 'poor and hungry'; it may be that slowly improving socioeconomic ...
First, the winter rice crop was afflicted by a severe outbreak of fungal brown spot disease. Then, on 16-17 October a cyclone ... disease had become the most common cause of death.[205] Disease-related mortality then continued to take its toll through early ... and provided a more hospitable environment for water-borne diseases such as cholera and malaria. Such diseases clustered around ... Famine, disease, and the death tollEdit. Conditions drifted towards famine at different rates in different Bengal districts. ...
270) were outbreaks of two different diseases, one of smallpox and one of measles but not necessarily in that order. The severe ... "There is not enough evidence satisfactorily to identify the disease or diseases", concluded J. F. Gilliam in his summary (1961 ... As the disease swept north to the Rhine, it also infected Germanic and Gallic peoples outside the empire's borders. For years, ... Rats, Lice and History: A Chronicle of Disease, Plagues, and Pestilence (1935). Reprinted by Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, ...
... "first severe new disease of the 21st century." She observed that the two new diseases WHO is dealing with in 2013 are the novel ... Following the 2012 MERS outbreak, Saudi Arabia Deputy Minister of Health Ziad Memish raised concerns that scientists who ... Enhanced global actions for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases, endorsed in 2011[8] ... DGWHO Margaret Chan traced a brief history of revisions to the International Health Regulations following the SARS outbreak in ...
Often larvae can survive through much of their crop consumption despite outbreaks of disease, because of the larva's fast life ... "Pests and Diseases". Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 1 February 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2019.. ... Parasites and disease[edit]. Fifty-three different parasite species have been discovered in fall armyworm larvae, spanning ten ... Outbreaks of the true armyworm usually occur during the early part of the summer; the fall armyworm does most damage in the ...
"Ebola outbreak Alert and response operations Diseases Biorisk reduction Yellow fever : a current threat". WHO. Archived from ... Mitchell misdiagnosed the disease that he observed and treated, and the disease was probably Weil's disease or hepatitis. See: ... The disease seems to have disappeared, with the next outbreak occurring in 1849. It was likely introduced with the importation ... The first definitive outbreak of yellow fever in the New World was in 1647 on the island of Barbados.[66] An outbreak was ...
"OIE Listed Diseases and Other Diseases of Importance" (PDF). Terrestrial Manual. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... ETO is the only low-temperature sterilant to stop outbreaks on these instruments.[17] In contrast, "high level disinfection" ... Examples of bacteria having terminal endospores include Clostridium tetani, the pathogen that causes the disease tetanus. ...
On 31 May 1940, following the outbreak of World War II, Gorton enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force Reserve.[13] At the ... his mother contracted tuberculosis and was sent to a sanatorium to avoid passing on the disease. She died in September 1920, ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention believed at the time that Speaker was suffering from extensively drug-resistant ... Progress of the SARS outbreak for a comparison to the last news-worthy international quarantining incident, 2002-2004 Border ... It was reported that Speaker's father-in-law, Robert C. Cooksey, works for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2007-06-03. "Odd twist in TB alert: Patient is TB researcher's son-in-law ...
Invasive exotic diseasesEdit. History is rife with the spread of exotic diseases, such as the introduction of smallpox into the ... 1999). "Origin of the West Nile virus responsible for an outbreak of encephalitis in the northeastern United States". Science. ... Diseases may also be vectored by invasive insects such as the Asian citrus psyllid and the bacterial disease citrus greening.[ ... Another example is the Dutch elm disease, which has severely reduced the American elm trees in forests and cities.[citation ...
"Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005-10-13. Archived from the original on 2008-11-14. Retrieved 2008-10-20.. ... biosecurity procedures and other important steps to ensure that should an outbreak from eggs occur, the traceback would ... A 2004 study of California egg farms in the journal Avian Diseases finds comparatively low Salmonella prevalence in indoor ... Their claim about salmonella cases linked to California eggs is supported by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and ...
The disease in question was either dysentery or typhus; Riley-Smith 2005, pp. 210-211 ... but the marriage was delayed by the outbreak of war.[106] ...
These drugs can cause cancer and other health conditions.[17] Healthcare workers are also at risk for diseases that are ... such as the 2014-2016 West African Ebola virus epidemic or the 2003 SARS outbreak, healthcare workers are at even greater risk ... Exposure to respiratory infectious diseases like tuberculosis (caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and influenza can be ... Additional evaluation for TB disease as needed (e.g. chest x-ray for HCP with a positive TB test)[31] ...
... was first discovered after an outbreak of a mystery disease on Palm Island in Australia.[38] The outbreak was traced back to a ... Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease.[3] There is also an interest in the military potential of biological neurotoxins ... "Neurobiology of Disease. 25 (2): 360-366. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2006.10.002. PMC 3959771. PMID 17098435.. ... Byth S (July 1980). "Palm Island mystery disease". The Medical Journal of Australia. 2 (1): 40, 42. PMID 7432268.. ...
... it may originate from the disease of psittacosis, which can be passed to humans.[121][122] The first occurrence of a related ... following years of campaigning by NGOs and outbreaks of avian flu, the European Union (EU) halted the importation of all wild ...
On the outbreak of war in August 1914, the 1st Battalion of the WIR was stationed in Freetown where it had been based for two ... The WIR soldiers became a valued part of the British forces garrisoning the West Indies, where losses from disease and climate ...
As the disease progresses, however, the look can tend to lobar pneumonia. Absence of leukocytosis. Extrapulmonary symptoms, ... "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) - multi-country outbreak". Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved ... permanent dead link] Diseases Database Causes of atypical pneumonia Cunha BA (May 2006). "The atypical pneumonias: clinical ... When it develops independently from another disease it is called primary atypical pneumonia (PAP). The term was introduced in ...
... general vaccinations and other measures to prevent the outbreak of disease. All the population cooperates in these activities ... This helped eradicate many contagious diseases including polio, tetanus, diphtheria and rubella, though some diseases increased ... Clinic visits are free, and the focus is on preventing disease rather than treating it.[75] Furthermore, London's The Guardian ... After outbreaks of meningitis B in the United States, the U.S. Treasury Department granted a license in 1999 to an American ...
"Trichinella pseudospiralis outbreak in France". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 6 (5): 543-547. doi:10.3201/eid0605.000517. PMC ... DiseasesEdit. Similar to other rodents, brown rats may carry a number of pathogens,[83] which can result in disease, including ... Plagues & Poxes: The Impact of Human History on Epidemic Disease, Demos Medical Publishing, 2004, ISBN 978-1-888799-79-8, p. 23 ... 2001) Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals. Blackwell Publishing. pp. 380-393. ISBN 0-8138-2978-X. ...
Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... Measles outbreaks. In a given year, more measles cases can occur for any of the following reasons:. *an increase in the number ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
During a multistate foodborne disease outbreak, CDC serves as lead coordinator between public health partners to detect the ... Investigating Outbreaksplus icon *Steps in a Foodborne Outbreak Investigationplus icon *Step 1: Detect a Possible Outbreak ... Multistate Outbreaksplus icon *List of Selected Multistate Foodborne Outbreak Investigations. *CDCs Role in Outbreak ... Public health officials investigate outbreaks to control them, so more people do not get sick in the outbreak, and to learn how ...
Latest Disease outbreaks News. Texas testing drops as schools reopen, prepare for football. Aug. 15, 2020 11:52 AM EDT ... A report by the National Institute for Communicable Diseases indicates the association but doesnt go into detail. South... ...
Look up disease outbreak in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.. *Plague of Suspicion, audio hour on media coverage of outbreaks ... Outbreaks include epidemics, which term is normally only used for infectious diseases, as well as diseases with an ... In epidemiology, an outbreak is a sudden increase in occurrences of a disease in a particular time and place. It may affect a ... Outbreak legislation[edit]. Outbreak legislation is still in its infancy and not many countries have had a direct and complete ...
Epidemiologists know that disease outbreaks change mobility patterns, but until now have been unable to track these patterns in ... He saw a clear reduction in peoples movement, which may have been due to the disease. But the outbreak was caused by floods, ... YOUR cellphone could be a key tool in the fight against disease by relaying a telltale signature of illness to doctors and ... Public health officials could also use the technique to spot emerging outbreaks of illness ahead of conventional detection ...
... disease between December 2014 and the end of the outbreak in January 2015. In an unrelated July and August 2015 outbreak, the ... In 2015, there were two outbreaks of Legionnaires disease in the Bronx, New York City, United States. Between January and ... On September 21, 2015, 13 more cases of Legionnaires Disease were identified and were said to be unrelated to the outbreaks ... Mueller, Benjamin (1 October 2015). "One Dead in New Bronx Outbreak of Legionnaires Disease". The New York Times. The New York ...
Outbreaks include epidemics, which term is normally only used for infectious diseases, as well as diseases with an ... Pandemics are near-global disease outbreaks when multiple countries across the world are infected. The terms "outbreak" and " ... a communicable disease outbreak is declared over when a period of twice the incubation period of the infectious disease has ... smallpox outbreak 1993 Four Corners hantavirus outbreak 2003 Midwest monkeypox outbreak 2007 Yap Islands zika virus outbreak ...
How common are waterborne disease outbreaks associated with drinking water in the United States, and what are the most commonly ... CDC collects data on waterborne disease outbreaks submitted from all states and territories through the National Outbreak ... and factors leading to waterborne disease outbreaks. Outbreaks are assigned one or more deficiency classifications based on ... Table 1. Waterborne disease outbreaks associated with drinking water (N = 42), by state/jurisdiction and month of first case ...
Infectious diseases, from antibiotic-resistant superbugs to Salmonella to the seasonal flu, threaten the health and well-being ... The Outbreaks: Protecting Americans from Infectious Diseases report by Trust for Americas Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood ... and treat infectious disease outbreaks because of outdated systems and limited resources. ... Infectious diseases, from antibiotic-resistant superbugs to Salmonella to the seasonal flu, threaten the health and well-being ...
... told the NewsHour outbreaks of disease could quickly exacerbate problems for already overwhelmed emergency health facilities in ... Haiti at Risk for Disease Outbreaks. Health Jan 14, 2010 1:49 PM EST Treating the injured is still the first priority in Port ... "If we allow [disease outbreaks] to happen on a large scale it will be very hard to control," he said. ... told the NewsHour outbreaks of disease could quickly exacerbate problems for already overwhelmed emergency health facilities in ...
... like these five diseases which have accounted for some of the scariest and deadliest outbreaks. ... Population rise is likely to increase the rate of outbreaks of new infectious diseases, ...
... By Thomas Lifson. There are serious worries in Texas and beyond over the ... Agents are worrying about a viral outbreak.. "We are sending people everywhere. The average person doesnt know whats going on ... Agents are worrying about a viral outbreak.. "We are sending people everywhere. The average person doesnt know whats going on ... "Theres been an outbreak of scabies thats been going on for the past month," Cabrera said. ...
EMSL Analytical provides Legionella testing solutions to help prevent outbreaks of the deadly disease caused by the waterborne ... Legionnaires disease U.S.. Legionella test solutions. international conference. CDC waterborne disease. deadly bacteria flu- ... Six of the sick people have been diagnosed with Legionnaires disease from the July 12th to the 24th outbreak at the base. ... EMSL Analytical provides Legionella testing solutions to help prevent outbreaks of the deadly disease caused by the waterborne ...
... the number of disease outbreaks has increased, as has the number of diseases causing them - infections from animals are a big ... Only some of the increase seems to be down to improved reporting of disease. "We see more outbreaks over time, even after ... The number of diseases causing those outbreaks has also increased - by about 20 per cent. ... The team developed software to extract quantitative disease information from the records of more than 12,000 outbreaks of 215 ...
... wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/conditions/waterborne-disease-outbreak/case-definition/2010/) * Waterborne Disease Outbreak , 1990 Case ... wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/conditions/waterborne-disease-outbreak/case-definition/1990/) ... Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Office of Public Health Scientific Services (OPHSS). Center for ...
Before the 2014 Ebola outbreak there had been 22 previous outbreaks of the disease. All of those were put to bed quickly ... what better way to prepare for an outbreak of a new disease with similar characteristics than to tackle the disease in front of ... Everything that we will need to do for a future outbreak of Disease X we need to do today for TB, he says. ... Among the diseases whose deadly potential we already know about - such as Ebola and Lassa fever - WHO also listed Disease X. ...
... zoonotic diseases), such as Ebola. We use nuclear-derived techniques to help these countries rapidly detect such diseases, ... and middle-income countries are confronted with the challenge of quickly and effectively diagnosing dangerous diseases that can ... Advancing Preparedness for Zoonotic Disease Outbreaks. * Ebola Virus Disease, Fact Sheet, World Health Organization (WHO), ... Outbreaks of zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola, highly pathogenic avian influenza, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever and Rift ...
A team of scientists was able to predict influenza outbreaks in the U.S., Poland, Japan and Thailand by tracking page views on ... Wikipedia-Based Tracking Model Could Predict Disease Outbreaks: Study. By Avaneesh Pandey @avaneeshp88 On 11/14/14 AT 3:06 AM. ... Wikipedia page views could, in the future, become an important tool in predicting disease outbreaks, according to the findings ... argued that Wikipedia traffic data could also be used to estimate the current rates of disease outbreaks across the world. ...
In addition to immediate dangers like drowning, the potential for widespread disease outbreaks is worrisome. ... Angola still suffering from cholera outbreak. As I described previously in this post, war and disease are inextricably ... In addition to immediate dangers like drowning, the potential for widespread disease outbreaks is worrisome. ... If a government were failing to alert its citizens to an outbreak of a disease like cholera for PR reasons, that would be a ...
Discovering Disease Outbreaks from News Headlines prerequisites. Intermediate Python, Beginner scikit-learn, Basics of Pandas, ... Please complete the fields below to get your FREE copy of Discovering Disease Outbreaks from News Headlines. Name. ... notify me when registration opens for Discovering Disease Outbreaks from News Headlines ... a critical component of which involves monitoring global news headlines for signs of disease outbreaks. However, this daily ...
... there is a case of swine flu nearby can now find out instantly with a new program that tracks outbreaks of infectious diseases. ... HealthMap, founded in 2006, tracks and maps infectious disease outbreaks through news reports, personal accounts, official ... enables users to track and report outbreaks of infectious diseases such as swine flu in real time.. It is available for free ... Users can also set alerts to be notified on their iPhone or by e-mail when new outbreaks are reported nearby.. "We hope ...
... officials to inspect a large banana plantation in Chiang Rai province after a report of an outbreak of Panama disease, which is ... "If it is Panama disease as feared, the department will announce the area as an outbreak control zone and all plant movement and ... Panama disease outbreak reported 2,000-rai plantation in Chiang Rai at risk ... making the crops more prone to outbreaks of disease.. The Phaya Mengrai district plantation first made the news about three ...
abdominal admitted affected aged antibodies attack bacteria bacteriological birds Bornholm disease Brighton outbreak canteen ... diseases.html?id=I09rAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareRecent outbreaks of infectious diseases. ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Recent_outbreaks_of_infectious_diseases.html?id=I09rAAAAMAAJ ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Recent_outbreaks_of_infectious_ ...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks). Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - August 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source ... Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks). Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 11, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source ... Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks). Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source ... Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks). Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 3, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source ...
... the spread of infectious disease is a major concern, and scientists are working to spot the next pandemic before it starts. ... 5 Scariest Disease Outbreaks of the Past Century]. "For many years, there was complacency, thinking that infectious diseases ... Looking at contemporary outbreaks since the mid-20th century, Daszak and colleagues found that the rate of emergent diseases ... What 11 Billion People Mean for Disease Outbreaks. By Bahar Gholipour 25 November 2013. ...
... rapidly reduced costs of next-generation DNA sequencing to better inform public health officials faced with ongoing outbreaks. ... To combat disease outbreaks, public health officials often use painstaking fieldwork to try to stay one step ahead of the ... New tool advances investigations of disease outbreaks. Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press) ... New tool advances investigations of disease outbreaks This week in Molecular Biology and Evolution ...
... June 20, 2019. ASSOCIATED PRESS ... "This is the largest animal disease outbreak in history," said Dirk Pfieffer, a veterinary epidemiologist at the City University ... Since China first reported an outbreak in early August, 1 million pigs have been culled. It has reported 139 outbreaks all but ... hampering joint work on stemming the spread of the disease following an outbreak near North Koreas border with China. ...
... but many states face difficulties quickly responding to outbreaks. ... As the Ebola outbreak in West Africa led many to be concerned about U.S. capability to respond to its infectious disease ... How Prepared Are States for Infectious Disease Outbreaks? A new report shows signs of progress, particularly in public health ... "But we also saw during the recent Ebola outbreak that some of the most basic infectious disease controls failed when tested." ...
Halting infectious disease outbreaks at their points of origin is one of the best and most economical ways of saving lives and ... Responding to International Outbreaks of Infectious Disease Office of International Health and Biodefense ... Effective outbreak response requires preparedness efforts that incorporate lessons learned from past outbreaks. IHB ... government resources and personnel in future outbreaks. Preparedness is critical to responding to outbreaks quickly and ...
... a mosquito-borne disease similar to dengue fever, in parts of the capital Brazzaville. ... Health officials in the Congo have reported an outbreak of Chikungunya, ... BRAZZAVILLE, Republic of the Congo, June 20 (UPI) -- Health officials in the Congo have reported an outbreak of Chikungunya, a ... No deaths have been reported in the outbreak, initially thought to be malaria, but health authorities have warned of elevated ...
  • Four linked cases of a rare infectious disease may be sufficient to constitute an outbreak. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Outbreaks: Protecting Americans from Infectious Diseases report by Trust for America's Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) found major gaps in the country's ability to prevent, control, and treat infectious disease outbreaks because of outdated systems and limited resources. (rwjf.org)
  • The report reveals that a majority of states (32) score five or lower out of 10 key indicators of policies and capabilities to protect against infectious disease threats. (rwjf.org)
  • As people are equipped with more knowledge and awareness of infectious disease, the hope is that they will become more involved and proactive about public health," he said. (newsmax.com)
  • How Prepared Are States for Infectious Disease Outbreaks? (governing.com)
  • As the Ebola outbreak in West Africa led many to be concerned about U.S. capability to respond to its infectious disease threats, an annual report shows only half of states score well on 10 key public health measures. (governing.com)
  • But we also saw during the recent Ebola outbreak that some of the most basic infectious disease controls failed when tested. (governing.com)
  • Halting infectious disease outbreaks at their points of origin is one of the best and most economical ways of saving lives and protecting U.S. citizens from pandemics or bio-terrorist attacks. (state.gov)
  • The Office of International Health and Biodefense (IHB) monitors potential public health events of international concern and serves as policy advisor and incident manager for the State Department's response to infectious disease outbreaks as part of a whole-of-government effort. (state.gov)
  • 5. Promote Action: In an infectious disease outbreak, 2. (cdc.gov)
  • 5. Promote Action: In an infectious disease outbreak, Information should include what is known, what public understanding of and action on disease is not known, and what is being done to fill in the prevention is key to stopping the spread. (cdc.gov)
  • ECDC monitors current infectious disease outbreaks and assesses the risk to public health in Europe, as well as provides technical support to the EU-level response to such threats. (europa.eu)
  • The report, published in PLoS Biology, is the latest to show how gene sequencing helps public health officials solve infectious disease outbreaks. (reuters.com)
  • The public health teams could determine that they were essentially dealing with one problem, not two," study co-author Bronwyn MacInnis, a viral genomics and infectious disease expert at the Broad Institute, said in a statement. (reuters.com)
  • She said the investigation showed the value of using genetic data to help track infectious disease outbreaks. (reuters.com)
  • Genetic sequence data is becoming a crucial tool in understanding outbreaks," said Dr. Amesh Adalja, in infectious disease expert at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security who was not involved in the study. (reuters.com)
  • The rising number of unvaccinated children in the United States increases the risk of vaccine -preventable infectious disease outbreaks, researchers warn. (medicinenet.com)
  • But it would eliminate a steady source of support for initiatives that have been shown to reduce deaths and chronic illness - including vaccination programmes, programmes to prevent diabetes and other chronic diseases and laboratories used in detecting and responding to infectious-disease outbreaks, lead contamination and other hazards. (nature.com)
  • What Was The Most Significant Infectious Disease In Every Century? (ranker.com)
  • When looking back through human history, one would be hard-pressed to find an era, civilization, or community that has not been impacted by an infectious disease outbreak. (ranker.com)
  • But sometimes, the death toll alone doesn't reflect the true, lasting impact that specific infectious disease outbreaks had on the populations they infected - or those nearby. (ranker.com)
  • So, what was the most significant infectious disease from every century? (ranker.com)
  • With the recent outbreaks of Ebola virus and Zika virus, it is widely recognized that we need new strategies to prevent infectious disease outbreaks," said Dr. James Moon, author of the WIREs Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology article. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Doctors isolated him to prevent the spread of the highly infectious disease, transporting him from the emergency room to the hospital's biocontainment unit for quarantine until tests could be completed. (baltimoresun.com)
  • A nurse and infectious disease expert guided each one through a 25-to-30-step process to remove each article of clothing. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Dr. Sunil Sood, a pediatric infectious disease physician at Northwell Health's Southside Hospital and Cohen Children's Medical Center, said he doesn't believe the condition causing these symptoms is Kawasaki. (consumeraffairs.com)
  • Legionnaire's is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by gram negative, aerobic bacteria belonging to the genus Legionella. (wikipedia.org)
  • For issues like Ebola, I don't think people at the beginning of the outbreak in West Africa would have (been searching for it), because they wouldn't have had it (Ebola) before. (ibtimes.com)
  • Ebola, which swept through West Africa in 2014 killing 11,000 people, was Disease X when it first emerged in the 1970s. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • What happened in West Africa was that these countries weren't aware that the disease was there so it caught them by surprise. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • New York Times: Room for Debate: Experimental Drugs and the Ethics of Fighting Ebola Multiple authors "International medical teams this month could begin administering experimental Ebola drugs in West Africa, where the outbreak has killed more than 5,000 people. (kff.org)
  • The work was done in the lab of Pardis Sabeti of Harvard University and the Broad Institute, whose team sequenced genomes of the Ebola virus in the 2014 outbreak in West Africa. (reuters.com)
  • CONAKRY (Reuters) - An Ebola outbreak blamed for 135 deaths in West Africa in the past month was not imported from Central Africa but caused by a new strain of the disease, a study in a U.S. medical journal said, raising the spectre of further regional epidemics. (medscape.com)
  • The spread of Ebola from a remote corner of Guinea to the capital and into neighboring Liberia, the first deadly outbreak reported in West Africa, has caused panic across a region struggling with weak healthcare systems and porous borders. (medscape.com)
  • The unit was opened with federal government funding in 2015 amid an Ebola outbreak in West Africa that caught U.S. hospitals off guard. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Outbreak investigations play a key role in preventing future outbreaks. (cdc.gov)
  • At EMSL Analytical we have been offering cutting edge testing services and educational information to help the public and health professionals prevent future outbreaks. (webwire.com)
  • Experts predict that in the future, outbreaks of current and new zoonotic diseases could be more diverse and even more severe than those the world has faced so far. (iaea.org)
  • This includes developing protocols, agreements, and standard operating procedures to facilitate international deployment of U.S. government resources and personnel in future outbreaks. (state.gov)
  • We asked Gladys for insights into the current novel coronavirus pandemic and how we can prevent future outbreaks. (ashoka.org)
  • Current reductions in these common respiratory infections, however, may merely postpone the incidence of future outbreaks, according to a study by Princeton University researchers published Nov. 9 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (princeton.edu)
  • Public health officials investigate outbreaks to control them, so more people do not get sick in the outbreak, and to learn how to prevent similar outbreaks from happening in the future. (cdc.gov)
  • Public health officials could also use the technique to spot emerging outbreaks of illness ahead of conventional detection systems, which today rely on reports from doctors and virus-testing labs. (newscientist.com)
  • Public health officials from 19 states reported 42 outbreaks associated with drinking water during the surveillance period ( Table 1 ) ( https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/surveillance/drinking-water-tables-figures.html ). (medscape.com)
  • Disasters can compromise water and sanitation systems, so aid groups and officials in Thailand are right to be vigilant about preventing disease outbreaks. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The Department of Agriculture has dispatched officials to inspect a large banana plantation in Chiang Rai province after a report of an outbreak of Panama disease, which is known to rip through plantations causing significant damage. (bangkokpost.com)
  • A well-placed source who insisted on anonymity told the Bangkok Post that officials are destroying infected banana trees in a bid to contain the disease. (bangkokpost.com)
  • To combat disease outbreaks, public health officials often use painstaking fieldwork to try to stay one step ahead of the infectious bugs, linking patients' symptoms to a source of infection to quickly identify the common culprit in related cases. (eurekalert.org)
  • Now, a new field called genomic epidemiology is taking advantage of the rapidly reduced costs of next-generation DNA sequencing to better inform public health officials faced with ongoing outbreaks. (eurekalert.org)
  • This paper addresses an important question - just how much information about an outbreak can we reliably derive from genomic data alone - and gives public health officials a new tool for their detective kits," according to authors Jennifer Gardy, Caroline Colijn, and Xavier Didelot. (eurekalert.org)
  • While the authors caution that genomics alone cannot truly replace traditional epidemiology, they show the value and potential of using their sequence data analysis tool as a companion method for public health officials to shed light on outbreaks. (eurekalert.org)
  • We have to prevent and fight this disease like fighting an enemy," Phuc told Cabinet officials. (courthousenews.com)
  • IHB collaborates with the U.S. interagency to train U.S. and foreign officials and conduct outbreak response exercises. (state.gov)
  • BRAZZAVILLE, Republic of the Congo, June 20 (UPI) -- Health officials in the Congo have reported an outbreak of Chikungunya, a mosquito-borne disease similar to dengue fever, in parts of the capital Brazzaville. (upi.com)
  • When Nipah virus caused outbreaks in pigs and farm workers in Malaysia, many health officials thought the disease was symptomatic of Japanese encephalitis. (news-medical.net)
  • All of these examples illustrate the need to identify highly infectious diseases at the very earliest stage - when there are just a few cases - allowing public health officials to thwart these new viruses from spreading globally. (news-medical.net)
  • Her team hopes to help build this capacity in many parts of the world, to help public health officials rapidly respond to outbreaks. (reuters.com)
  • The work of public health officials often crucially depends on statistical methods to help discern whether an outbreak may be occurring and, if there is sufficient evidence of an outbreak, then to locate and track it. (routledge.com)
  • However, because the data from these events were entered into the biosurveillance system, health officials were able to identify the source of the outbreak. (rti.org)
  • More than a dozen high school wrestlers and fans infected with whooping cough attended the Washington state high school wrestling tournament in Tacoma two weeks ago, and state health officials fear a large-scale outbreak of the disease, which has now been reported across the state. (spokesman.com)
  • ROME (Reuters) - Italian health officials have banned residents across half of Rome from donating blood because of an outbreak of the painful, mosquito-borne illness Chikungunya. (reuters.com)
  • New York City and state officials continued to step up efforts on Saturday to thwart the spread of Legionnaires' disease, even as an outbreak of the airborne illness in the South Bronx appeared to be waning. (nytimes.com)
  • On Saturday, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo deployed about 150 trained workers to do more testing with officials from the city and from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (nytimes.com)
  • Officials seemed to reach for an easing of tensions on Saturday, after a bout of sniping and perceived slights over whether the city or the state was responding to the outbreak more effectively. (nytimes.com)
  • SEATTLE (AP) - Public health officials are becoming increasingly concerned about a variety of outbreaks of serious infectious diseases among people who are homeless in Seattle and throughout King County. (q13fox.com)
  • Health officials also are monitoring a potential outbreak of hepatitis A, a potentially fatal disease that spread in San Diego. (q13fox.com)
  • One concern officials have is that many parents who aren't vaccinating their children were themselves vaccinated, and they don't know the severity of the diseases those vaccines fight. (themonitor.com)
  • HAMPTON - An outbreak of Legionnaires' disease has infected four people with the potentially serious bacterial pneumonia, state health officials announced Saturday. (unionleader.com)
  • The outbreak emerged in late July and early August and state officials are actively seeking the source of the infections, which usually result from inhaling airborne droplets of water contaminated with the bacteria, officials said. (unionleader.com)
  • State officials said those who are at increased risk of getting the disease should not visit this neighborhood. (unionleader.com)
  • People who visited the area more than two weeks ago and have not developed symptoms are not at risk for disease, officials said. (unionleader.com)
  • Following the Morrisania outbreak, city officials stated that they would be pursuing new regulations for cooling towers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later in December 2006, Iowa and Minnesota health officials investigated an E. coli outbreak that was traced to foods served at Taco John's restaurants in Cedar Falls, Iowa and Albert Lea and Austin, Minnesota. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through its Peaceful Uses Initiative, the IAEA also mobilizes extra-budgetary contributions to support technical cooperation in the use of nuclear applications to combat infectious diseases such as Ebola and Zika. (iaea.org)
  • Covers surveillance techniques for communicable diseases like Zika and chronic diseases such as cancer. (routledge.com)
  • Gives real world examples of disease investigations including smallpox, syphilis, anthrax, yellow fever, and microcephaly (and its relationship to the Zika virus). (routledge.com)
  • Aside from inflicting devastating natural disasters on often vulnerable communities, climate change can also spur outbreaks of infectious diseases like Zika , malaria and dengue fever, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus . (enn.com)
  • The breeding patterns of the Aedes aegypti mosquito - the mosquito that spreads diseases like malaria, Zika, yellow fever, and dengue fever - appear to be changing. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • The Zika outbreak may well be due to a combination of changes in the distribution of the mosquito and also habitat changes as well because variations in rainfall patterns may be creating new breeding opportunities," Nabarro said. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Rapid risk assessment: Zika virus disease epidemic. (europa.eu)
  • This alarming figure comes on the heels of several outbreaks of Legionnaires disease across the country. (webwire.com)
  • Six of the sick people have been diagnosed with Legionnaires disease from the July 12th to the 24th outbreak at the base. (webwire.com)
  • According to a July 14 press release from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Inpatient hospitalization costs per case averaged more than $34,000 for Legionnaires disease. (webwire.com)
  • The CDC states, Each year, between 8,000 and 18,000 people are hospitalized with Legionnaires disease in the U.S. However, many infections are not diagnosed or reported, so this number may be higher. (webwire.com)
  • Legionnaires disease can be prevented, reported Joe Frasca, Senior Vice President at EMSL Analytical. (webwire.com)
  • More than 40 families affected by the fatal outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in Edinburgh are to sue two companies they believe were responsible. (bbc.co.uk)
  • It has been the largest outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in the city's history. (nytimes.com)
  • People do not spread Legionnaires' disease to other people. (unionleader.com)
  • Legionnaires' disease symptoms are very similar to other types of pneumonia and can include cough, shortness of breath, fever, muscle aches and headaches. (unionleader.com)
  • The first reported outbreak was in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1976 during a Legionnaires Convention at the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indoor ornamental fountains have been confirmed as a cause of Legionnaires' disease outbreaks, in which submerged lighting as a heat source was attributed to the outbreak in all documented cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015, there were two outbreaks of Legionnaires' disease in the Bronx, New York City, United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legionnaires Disease is an acute type of pneumonia that is caused by the inhalation of water vapor containing the Legionella bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January 2015, Legionnaires' disease sickened 8 people near Co-op City's cooling towers in the northeast Bronx. (wikipedia.org)
  • Twelve people were diagnosed with Legionnaires' disease between December 2014 and the end of the outbreak in January 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • On September 21, 2015, 13 more cases of Legionnaires Disease were identified and were said to be unrelated to the outbreaks from previous months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apple iPhone owners wondering if there is a case of swine flu nearby can now find out instantly with a new program that tracks outbreaks of infectious diseases. (newsmax.com)
  • The application, which was developed with support from Google.org, the Web giant's philanthropic arm, enables users to track and report outbreaks of infectious diseases such as swine flu in real time. (newsmax.com)
  • People on the street wear face masks because of the outbreak of swine flu near Sannomiya JR station May 20, 2009, in Kobe, Japan. (livescience.com)
  • In 2009, the outbreak of H1N1 'Swine' flu circulated in Mexico for at least a couple of months before it was discovered as a real threat to public health. (news-medical.net)
  • With the recent outbreaks of diseases such as swine and bird flu, Ebola, and now COVID-19, the role that epidemiologists and biostatisticians play is more important than ever. (routledge.com)
  • BEIJING (AP) - Hong Kong retiree Lee Wai-man loves pork fresh from the market but eats a lot less now that the price has jumped as China struggles with a deadly swine disease that has sent shockwaves through global meat markets. (sfgate.com)
  • South Korea on Tuesday reported its first cases of African swine fever, becoming the latest country hit by the disease that has killed pigs from China to North Korea, pushing up pork prices worldwide. (phys.org)
  • Swine fever, rabies, bird flu-outbreaks of diseases in wildlife populations often also affect farm animals and humans. (phys.org)
  • Many animals are dying from the highly contagious disease, which affects cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, swine and other cloven-hoofed animals and spreads through body fluids that can contaminate clothing, crates, truck beds and hay. (newsblaze.com)
  • Over the last decade, we have seen dramatic improvements in state and local capacity to respond to outbreaks and emergencies," said Jeffrey Levi, executive director of the Trust, in a statement. (governing.com)
  • Warren further promises to work with Congress to replenish funding for the Department of Health and Human Services' Public Health Emergency Fund to better respond to outbreaks and to create a Global Health Security Corps that will "ensure that we can get the right expertise to the center of an outbreak before it becomes an epidemic. (sfgate.com)
  • The Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit is one of 10 regional centers across the country designed to respond to outbreaks of highly infectious diseases or bioterrorism attacks - whether from Ebola or the acute respiratory syndromes SARS or MERS. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Nabarro said more attention must be given to the "cholera emergency" in Haiti, and more recent outbreaks of the water-borne disease unfolding in Somalia, South Sudan and Zambia. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Recent outbreaks of measles - the highest number in the EU for seven years - are a sign of the immediate impact of declining vaccine coverage, the report said, and should prompt governments to act to boost vaccine awareness and confidence. (reuters.com)
  • Outbreaks include epidemics , which term is normally only used for infectious diseases , as well as diseases with an environmental origin, such as a water or foodborne disease . (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the feds are now dumping illegals elsewhere, these outbreaks are spreading beyond the immediate area of Texas (bad as that is) and spreading potential epidemics. (americanthinker.com)
  • By combining this genomic information from the different Shigella strains with the epidemiological information about the outbreaks, the researchers were able to demonstrate that the transfer of the plasmid was facilitating new epidemics. (eurekalert.org)
  • The WHO is responsible for responding to international epidemics, a critical component of which involves monitoring global news headlines for signs of disease outbreaks. (manning.com)
  • Dr Quick's recently published book, the End of Epidemics , details how the world can prevent another outbreak sweeping the globe, harming millions and crippling health services and economies. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • F our in five countries are not ready to detect and respond to disease epidemics and prevent them spreading beyond their borders, a new analysis has found. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Countries with lower scores are more likely to have outbreaks with preventable deaths, and that may spread to other countries," said Dr Cyrus Shahpar, Resolve's Prevent Epidemics director. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Outbreaks may also refer to epidemics , which affect a region in a country or a group of countries, or pandemics , which describe global disease outbreaks. (wn.com)
  • Infectious diseases, from antibiotic-resistant superbugs to Salmonella to the seasonal flu, threaten the health and well-being of families and individuals and cost the country billions. (rwjf.org)
  • For example, if Health Canada was trying to determine the cause of a Salmonella outbreak in humans, the database would specify any related outbreaks in farm or pet animals and related contaminated food products. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Salmonella was second, accounting for 30% of outbreaks. (nih.gov)
  • YOUR cellphone could be a key tool in the fight against disease by relaying a telltale signature of illness to doctors and agencies monitoring new outbreaks. (newscientist.com)
  • During 2013-2014, 42 drinking water-associated † outbreaks were reported, accounting for at least 1,006 cases of illness, 124 hospitalizations, and 13 deaths. (medscape.com)
  • To provide information about drinking water-associated waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States in which the first illness occurred in 2013 or 2014 ( https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/surveillance/drinking-surveillance-reports.html ), CDC analyzed outbreaks reported to the CDC Waterborne Disease and Outbreak Surveillance System through NORS ( https://www.cdc.gov/nors/about.html ) as of December 31, 2015. (medscape.com)
  • One previously unreported outbreak with onset date of first illness in 2012 is presented but is not included in the analysis of outbreaks that occurred during 2013-2014. (medscape.com)
  • These outbreaks resulted in at least 1,006 cases of illness, 124 hospitalizations (12% of cases), and 13 deaths. (medscape.com)
  • The most commonly reported outbreak etiology was Legionella (57%), making acute respiratory illness the most common predominant illness type reported in outbreaks ( Table 2 ). (medscape.com)
  • The potential impacts, dependent on the disease, include illness in humans, domestic animals and wildlife and cost to the economy of billions of dollars through loss of trade, tourism and other costs associated with recovery from a disease outbreak. (www.csiro.au)
  • Nigeria, which has recently seen outbreaks of Lassa fever - a hemorrhagic illness caused by rats - and monkeypox , a rare disease that causes painful open sores, is another one of the countries that comes up poorly prepared. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The fund also spent $52 million last year to strengthen states' capacity to monitor, prevent and respond rapidly to outbreaks of food-borne illness, influenza, hospital-acquired infections and other infectious diseases. (nature.com)
  • DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) - Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren has announced a plan to prevent, contain and treat infectious diseases as a new viral illness spreads in China. (sfgate.com)
  • The Foodborne-Disease Outbreak Surveillance System reviews data concerning FBDOs, defined as the occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ingestion of a common food. (nih.gov)
  • During 2009-2010, a total of 1,527 foodborne disease outbreaks (675 in 2009 and 852 in 2010) were reported, resulting in 29,444 cases of illness, 1,184 hospitalizations, and 23 deaths. (nih.gov)
  • Measures to prevent the spread of disease and cut the rate of severe illness and death also include installation of 32 shallow tube wells, and 250 latrines so far, which UNHCR accomplished with the help of partners. (unhcr.org)
  • The revelation elicited concern among the group that either a COVID-19-related illness was surfacing in children or that a different, as of yet unidentified disease might be causing the illnesses. (consumeraffairs.com)
  • An outbreak is defined as two or more cases where the onset of illness is closely linked in time (weeks rather than months) and in space, where there is suspicion of, or evidence of, a common source of infection, with or without microbiological support (i.e. common spatial location of cases from travel history). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, there were several outbreaks of foodborne illness from spinach and lettuce contaminated by E. coli O157:H7. (wikipedia.org)
  • We use nuclear-derived techniques to help these countries rapidly detect such diseases, thereby contributing to preventing their spread. (iaea.org)
  • Nuclear-derived techniques, such as the polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, are important tools in rapidly and efficiently identifying and characterizing such diseases. (iaea.org)
  • Current research uses smart surveillance to rapidly identify emEcoHealth Alliance, the nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced new research focused on the rapid identification of disease outbreaks in the peer reviewed publication, Journal of the Royal Society Interface. (news-medical.net)
  • This research may be critical to rapidly deciding which outbreaks are something completely novel and have pandemic potential, rather than a repeat outbreak of a known pathogen. (news-medical.net)
  • We can respond rapidly to disease outbreaks of national impact. (www.csiro.au)
  • International sources told Ynet there were fears the running sewage and contaminated water could cause an outbreak of disease in Gaza that would spread rapidly to Israel. (ynetnews.com)
  • WHO has rapidly expanded and strengthened disease detection and response in support of the Government of Nigeria's response to the humanitarian crisis in north eastern Nigeria, where 3.7 million people are in need of health assistance. (who.int)
  • With EWARS strengthening our weekly Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response reporting we can rapidly be alerted to potential disease outbreaks. (who.int)
  • Earlier, Neethirajan's research team developed "lab-in-the-field" technology to help dairy farmers rapidly detect diseases that reduce milk production. (uoguelph.ca)
  • The health ministry said on Tuesday that the number of new cases had fallen rapidly and the outbreak was nearly under control. (medscape.com)
  • It aims to detect and track pathogens more rapidly and accurately so that outbreaks of all kinds can be prevented. (itbusiness.ca)
  • Legionella was associated with 57% of these outbreaks and all of the deaths. (medscape.com)
  • Legionella was implicated in 24 (57%) outbreaks, 130 (13%) cases, 109 (88%) hospitalizations, and all 13 deaths ( Table 1 ). (medscape.com)
  • The most commonly cited deficiency, which led to 24** (57%) of the 42 drinking water-associated outbreaks, was the presence of Legionella in drinking water systems. (medscape.com)
  • EMSL Analytical provides Legionella testing solutions to help prevent outbreaks of the deadly disease caused by the waterborne bacteria. (webwire.com)
  • The review of outbreak management and the subsequent public health research has provided valuable information in enhancing the existing knowledge on Legionella outbreaks and control. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Legionella isolation can be conducted using the method developed by the US Center for Disease Control using buffered charcoal yeast extract agar with antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • No deaths have been reported in the outbreak, initially thought to be malaria, but health authorities have warned of elevated risks of an outbreak of dengue fever, an infection transmitted by mosquito vectors. (upi.com)
  • News outlets discuss a study published Tuesday in The Lancet Infectious Diseases examining malaria deaths during the Ebola epidemic in Guinea. (kff.org)
  • Results showed that diseases such as Nipah virus - an emerging and very lethal disease - showed distinct characteristic patterns within such a network and clustered separately to other more established diseases such as malaria and Japanese encephalitis. (news-medical.net)
  • For example, after the last Ebola outbreak weakened Congo's already fragile and overtasked health system, the North Kivu province, where the outbreak is centered, saw an eightfold increase in the incidence of malaria. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The EWARS application supports existing national disease surveillance systems, in addition to expanding surveillance to include other diseases with a public health burden in IDP camps and host communities, such as malaria, severe acute malnutrition, diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection. (who.int)
  • Data collected by the system has shown that malaria continues to be the most common disease in much of Borno state. (who.int)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends all Americans ages 6 months and older get vaccinated (20% of Americans get the flu each year). (rwjf.org)
  • On the issue of vaccinations, the report measured how many states are meeting Centers for Disease Control recommendations for hepatitis B vaccinations and flu. (governing.com)
  • D r Tom Frieden, former director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and president and CEO of Resolve, said that the gaps in epidemic preparedness continue to have a life threatening impact. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The arrival of more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslim refugees, fleeing human rights abuses and poor governance in neighboring Myanmar, has raised the risk of disease outbreaks, particularly of tuberculosis, and also complicated access to health care due to immense distances to health centers and the denial to the Rohingya of formal refugee status. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stands to lose 12% of its budget through proposed cuts in the American Health Care Act. (nature.com)
  • These cuts will result in more people dying and higher health-care costs," says Tom Frieden, the former director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (nature.com)
  • The Massachusetts senator on Tuesday unveiled a plan that includes fully funding the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's pandemic prevention and response programs. (sfgate.com)
  • Sixty additional cases were reported last week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. (usatoday.com)
  • The study was funded by Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. (rti.org)
  • Rossello said the symptoms can be confused with those of other illnesses, including dengue, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was helping to investigate. (necn.com)
  • While we understand the need for nursery and garden centers to bring in the sales from impatiens in the spring, we feel they are doing their customers an injustice by selling this product until this very serious disease is under control. (prweb.com)
  • In addition to mumps, the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is reporting a rapid growth in the number of reported cases of measles, even though the agency had announced in 2000 that it had been completely eliminated in the United States. (themonitor.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that each year roughly 1 in 6 Americans (or 48 million people) get sick, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die of foodborne diseases. (virginia.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is urging people to stop vaping THC products as the death toll from a mysterious lung disease rises with no signs of abating. (cnbc.com)
  • In December 2006, Taco Bell restaurants in four Northeastern states emerged as a common link among 71 sickened people across five states, 52 of whom were ultimately confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control to have tested positive the same E. coli strain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several low- and middle-income countries are confronted with the challenge of quickly and effectively diagnosing dangerous diseases that can spread from animals to humans (zoonotic diseases), such as Ebola. (iaea.org)
  • Outbreaks of zoonotic diseases, such as Ebola, highly pathogenic avian influenza, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever and Rift Valley fever, have a major human, social and economic impact on low- and middle-income countries. (iaea.org)
  • For this reason, we also run training courses for scientists, veterinarians and field workers on how to safely undertake diagnostic tests on animals while protecting themselves against zoonotic diseases. (iaea.org)
  • Quammen also explains how zoonotic diseases are exceptionally hard to eradicate. (earthisland.org)
  • Zoonotic disease is becoming more common, and the impacts are huge. (ashoka.org)
  • This webinar featured a presentation from the Insight Event that guides airport emergency management teams in understanding and developing effective response plans and operations during communicable disease outbreaks. (trb.org)
  • Diarrheal diseases-Contaminated drinking water and a disrupted sanitation system could mean rampant spread of these water-borne illnesses, which can be especially deadly in children. (pbs.org)
  • His PhD research on bioinformatics required analyzing millions of sequenced DNA patterns to uncover genetic links in deadly diseases. (manning.com)
  • Among the diseases whose deadly potential we already know about - such as Ebola and Lassa fever - WHO also listed Disease X. The usually sober health agency warned that somewhere out there lurks a disease we have absolutely no idea about. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Korea Herald: Never again Editorial Board "…[T]he MERS outbreak should offer us precious lessons that, if not properly contained, a deadly virus can have an unprecedented impact on the nation and our daily life. (kff.org)
  • Also called pertussis, the contagious disease is especially dangerous - even deadly - for babies younger than 18 months who have not completed their early childhood vaccines. (spokesman.com)
  • The transport conducted Wednesday wasn't real - it was a training exercise to teach staff how to respond if someone with a deadly disease showed up at the hospital. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Dr Quick says the foundation of pandemic preparedness is 'strong local and national public health systems' and front line health workers who can recognise an unusual pattern of disease. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In the event of an influenza pandemic or other communicable disease situation, [Name of Company] may implement these social distancing guidelines to minimize the spread of the influenza and other communicable diseases among the staff. (shrm.org)
  • The initial analysis shows a promising advantage to aid in predicting and preventing possible pandemic diseases that can result in devastating losses in life and global economic crises. (news-medical.net)
  • But we also know that no country is immune from facing the consequences of major outbreaks, especially respiratory pathogens and pandemic influenza. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • E arlier this year, the UK stepped up its commitment to pandemic preparedness investing £10 million in a special WHO contingency fund that provides early emergency cash to help respond to disease outbreaks and other humanitarian health crises. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • So the objective of this exercise is to track every diseased animal, particularly chickens, so as to contain an outbreak before it becomes a pandemic. (pbs.org)
  • Under the Emerging Pandemic Threats (EPT-2) programme, FAO's Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Disease ( ECTAD ) together with Risk Communication experts from the Warning Project, organized a workshop on risk communication last month. (fao.org)
  • Epidemic and pandemic-prone diseases threaten public health security. (who.int)
  • The mayor also outlined a plan involving over 200 city workers to locate, evaluate and disinfect water cooling towers, the source of the outbreak . (nytimes.com)
  • In the mid-nineteenth century, John Snow mapped cases of cholera in Soho, London, and traced the source of the outbreak to a contaminated water pump. (innovations-report.com)
  • The March 2018 ACRP Insight event brought together airport and public health experts from around the U.S. and abroad to discuss their insights based on their personal experiences confronting and mitigating communicable disease at airports and beyond. (trb.org)
  • Four deaths in Hurricane Maria's aftermath are being investigated as possible cases of a disease spread by animals' urine, Puerto Rico'sgovernor said Wednesday amid concerns about islanders' exposure to contaminated water. (necn.com)
  • The CDC urges people not to vape THC products amid an outbreak of a lung disease. (cnbc.com)
  • The terms "outbreak" and "epidemic" have often been used interchangeably. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epidemic - when this disease is found to infect a significantly larger number of people at the same time than is common at that time, and among that population, and may spread through one or several communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Last month, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc urged authorities to prevent the disease, which has spread to 58 of 63 provinces, from escalating into an epidemic. (courthousenews.com)
  • Agence France-Presse: Ebola cases fall to year low but WHO warns of trouble ahead "The World Health Organization on Wednesday hailed the fewest weekly infections for over a year in the West African Ebola epidemic, but warned they were braced for a significant new outbreak in Sierra Leone…" (7/29). (kff.org)
  • A ccording to the analysis, which covers 65 countries so far, Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone - the three countries that were at the centre of the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak are among those least ready to deal with an epidemic. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In Haiti, where at least 9,000 Haitians have died and more than 800,000 people have been infected since the cholera epidemic began in 2010, mass vaccination campaigns are helping to combat the disease, Nabarro said. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • The rise of "fake news", including misinformation and inaccurate advice on social media, could make disease outbreaks such as the covid-19 coronavirus epidemic currently spreading in China worse, according to research published today. (malaysiakini.com)
  • CHOLERA OUTBREAK INFORMATION Travelers to South America should be aware that an epidemic of cholera is occurring in several countries including Peru, Ecuador and Columbia. (cdc.gov)
  • EPIDEMIC MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE Epidemic meningococcal disease has been reported in Nairobi, Kenya and the Arusha area on northern Tanzania. (cdc.gov)
  • The Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit (BCU) team, which can provide front line care and treatment in the event of highly infectious diseases or bioterrorism attack holds periodic exercises like this one to train and prepare for patients who could otherwise potentially fuel an epidemic. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Looking at contemporary outbreaks since the mid-20th century, Daszak and colleagues found that the rate of emergent diseases caused by pathogens new to humans has increased significantly with time, even when controlling for progress in diagnosis techniques and surveillance, which could make it only seem like diseases were on the rise. (livescience.com)
  • Some of these diseases were caused by pathogens that have hopped across species and finally into humans - for example, the West Nile virus , the SARS coronavirus and HIV. (livescience.com)
  • It allows public health agencies to target their resources in the most efficient way, and helps protect us from new emerging diseases, which often erupt in remote corners of the Earth where it is sometimes very difficult to obtain vital information, let alone biological samples to test for various pathogens,' said Dr. Peter Daszak, corresponding author and President of EcoHealth Alliance. (news-medical.net)
  • THE Department of Homeland Security confirmed last week that the highly contagious foot-and-mouth virus had briefly spread within the Plum Island Animal Disease Center in two previously undisclosed incidents earlier this summer. (nytimes.com)
  • The disease is highly contagious , but the vaccination is 97% effective, the CDC says. (usatoday.com)
  • The highly contagious disease was detected near Robinvale in North West Victoria, where more than 4 million bees are transported annually to help pollinate the region's almond crops. (2gb.com)
  • This highly contagious disease in the past brought brain inflammation, heart problems, blindness, deafness or death. (sacbee.com)
  • Measles is a highly contagious disease. (themonitor.com)
  • Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is highly contagious and affects cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs and other cloven-hoofed animals. (newsblaze.com)
  • Based on this comparison, the researchers found that, in eight out of 14 cases, there was a clear increase in page views nearly a month before an official declaration of an outbreak. (ibtimes.com)
  • The researchers claimed that Wikipedia is the best bet to create an Internet-based model to predict outbreaks because data on Wikipedia page views are publicly available. (ibtimes.com)
  • Outbreaks Near Me" is an application for the popular smartphone developed by researchers at Children's Hospital Boston in collaboration with the Media Lab of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (newsmax.com)
  • University of Guelph researchers have received a $375,000 Health Canada grant to develop a database program to help pinpoint causes of disease outbreaks. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Ultimately, the researchers determined that the Massachusetts mumps cases were closely related to a 2006 mumps outbreak and that the virus was largely domestic rather than imported from other countries. (reuters.com)
  • In Spillover, David Quammen follows researchers on the trail of different zoonosis back to the origin of the outbreaks in remote places. (earthisland.org)
  • he follows researchers on the trail of different zoonosis back to the origin of the outbreaks in remote places - from the Ganges Delta in Bangladesh in search of the Nipah virus, to deep into the forests of Gabon to look at the impact of the Ebola virus on gorillas, to local markets in Congo and Cameroon in search of bush meat that could have helped transfer the AIDS virus to humans. (earthisland.org)
  • Medical researchers are at a disadvantage, because by the time they hear of an unusual disease outbreak, the damage may already have been done and the disease may be very difficult to contain. (earthisland.org)
  • RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. - Biosurveillance - the automated monitoring of health trend data - can enhance the detection of naturally occurring or intentional disease outbreaks, according to a study by researchers at RTI International. (rti.org)
  • For the studies - published today in a separate peer-reviewed journal - the researchers created theoretical simulations of outbreaks of norovirus, flu and monkeypox. (malaysiakini.com)
  • The researchers found that a 10 percent reduction in the amount of harmful advice being circulated has a mitigating impact on the severity of an outbreak while making 20 percent of the population unable to share harmful advice has the same positive effect. (malaysiakini.com)
  • With this knowledge, the NSF-funded researchers have the capacity to begin to predict when such disease outbreaks will occur. (nsf.gov)
  • With cases peaking annually in the wet season and again in the dry season, the researchers determined that certain meteorological conditions are responsible for these outbreaks. (nsf.gov)
  • Using analysis of blood samples from infected patients, however, researchers determined that while the Guinean form of the Ebola virus (EBOV) showed a 97% similarity to the Zaire strain, the disease was not introduced from Central Africa. (medscape.com)
  • If the disease was spreading within a household due to direct transmission - either from an asymptomatic carrier or someone with symptomatic, acute disease, the researchers should be able to isolate the same genotype from a number of individuals in the same household. (innovations-report.com)
  • But susceptibility to those other diseases could be increasing, resulting in large outbreaks when masking and distancing stop, say a team of Princeton University researchers. (princeton.edu)
  • The researchers used an epidemiological model based on historic RSV data and observations of the recent decline in RSV cases to examine the possible impact of COVID-19 NPIs on future RSV outbreaks in the United States and Mexico. (princeton.edu)
  • But only 27 states scored equal to or higher than the national average on the National Health Security Preparedness Index's measure of information management, which indicates difficulties in mobilizing and coordinating outbreak responses. (governing.com)
  • Effective outbreak response requires preparedness efforts that incorporate lessons learned from past outbreaks. (state.gov)
  • Preparedness is critical to responding to outbreaks quickly and stopping them at their source - before they become pandemics. (state.gov)
  • The diagnostic skills and knowledge of scientists at CSIRO's Australian Centre for Disease Preparedness (ACDP) form an important component of Australia's preparedness to deal with an emergency animal disease outbreak. (www.csiro.au)
  • M easuring a country's capacity through such tools is just one way to assess how ready the world is for the next outbreak, said Dr Peter Salama, WHO's Deputy Director for Emergency Preparedness and Response. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Better global and country-level preparedness was key in stopping last month's Ebola outbreak in the DRC from spiralling into a bigger crisis, said Dr Salama. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The presenters also provided a review of existing statutes, regulations, and case law related to airport communicable disease preparedness. (trb.org)
  • They discussed a legal framework for airport lawyers and managers who are developing or updating their communicable disease preparedness plans. (trb.org)
  • Diseases like coronavirus remind us why we need robust international institutions, strong investments in public health, and a government that is prepared to jump into action at a moment's notice," Warren wrote. (sfgate.com)
  • In their research, Hunter's team focused on three other infectious diseases - flu, monkeypox and norovirus - but said their findings could also be useful for dealing with the coronavirus outbreak. (malaysiakini.com)
  • It could be that what they're calling Kawasaki is not Kawasaki but an inflammatory disease caused by the coronavirus. (consumeraffairs.com)
  • US Adults die from vaccine-preventable diseases each year. (rwjf.org)
  • Vaccine-Preventable Outbreaks' shows the number of cases by disease as well as the number of cases by region. (trendhunter.com)
  • Reuters Health) - U.S. scientists used gene sequencing technology to tie together what appeared to be unrelated outbreaks of mumps in the Boston area, helping to rule out the possibility that the virus had mutated to evade vaccine protection, a new report says. (reuters.com)
  • The 16 measles outbreaks that struck the United States in 2011 cost up to $5.3 million to contain, according to a study published in Vaccine in 2014 1 . (nature.com)
  • One unvaccinated child may not get a vaccine-preventable disease. (sacbee.com)
  • Bill Edstrom, an epidemiologist for the Spokane Regional Health District, said older children and adults can get new vaccines that would make them immune to whooping cough and thus less likely to spread the disease to small children who have not completed their vaccine regimen. (spokesman.com)
  • Most people have no reactions to a vaccine, and any reaction usually pales in comparison to the disease itself. (themonitor.com)
  • Simply put, it may be too much to expect a country like Congo to contain an outbreak while also dealing with a host of other problems, including a patchwork of simmering conflicts, hundreds of thousands of refugees and millions of internally displaced people, incursions by Islamist terrorists, and poor governance. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • With more than half a million Rohingya refugees now in Bangladesh, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, Bangladesh public health authorities and other partners are working on several fronts to treat patients and contain an outbreak of diarrhoeal disease. (unhcr.org)
  • Agents are worrying about a viral outbreak. (americanthinker.com)
  • The country's Director General of Health, Alexis Elira Dokekias, said more than 900 people have been confirmed infected with the viral disease, AfricaNews reported Monday. (upi.com)
  • The team's discovery may significantly speed up identification of flu viral strains, thwarting disease spread and leading to more reliable vaccines, according to U of G professor Suresh Neethirajan. (uoguelph.ca)
  • The Hidalgo County Health Department has reported some 20 confirmed or suspected cases of mumps, a viral disease that causes swelling and tenderness in several glands in the body. (themonitor.com)
  • These include diseases such as cholera, meningitis, avian influenza, and viral haemorrhagic fevers for which the region reports considerably high incidence and mortality rates. (who.int)
  • citation needed] A report of a viral outbreak at an Olive Garden restaurant in Indianapolis, Indiana occurred in mid-December. (wikipedia.org)
  • Are Recent Animal Disease Outbreaks Linked? (motherjones.com)
  • In order to prevent and respond to animal disease outbreaks with minimal social and economic losses, it is important to have an effective risk communication strategy. (fao.org)
  • This workshop is the beginning for us to address animal disease outbreaks effectively. (fao.org)
  • Localised foodborne outbreaks are therefore usually recognised quickly, and reported to and investigated by the responsible authorities. (bund.de)
  • Diffuse, supraregional foodborne outbreaks are much more difficult to recognise on the other hand. (bund.de)
  • Three months after the declaration of the eleventh Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, the number of confirmed cases continues to increase, and the geographic spread of the outbreak continues to expand. (medworm.com)
  • Frog populations have seen an increased number of deaths due to a fungal disease. (motherjones.com)
  • MARACAY, Venezuela-A string of deaths in a hospital here has sparked fears of a potent, mosquito-borne disease and led authorities to seek a doctor's arrest for allegedly sowing panic, leaving residents wondering how to explain their symptoms. (wsj.com)
  • In an unrelated July and August 2015 outbreak, the disease affected at least 120 people and caused at least twelve deaths in the South Bronx area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our quality-assured diagnostic tests are critical to the success of surveillance programs and to the accurate diagnosis and control of outbreaks. (www.csiro.au)
  • The application also allows users to submit their own reports of outbreaks or photos to the HealthMap team. (newsmax.com)
  • This information was collected from 125 reports of outbreaks on 10 known infectious diseases causing encephalitis (brain or neural infection) in South Asia - a known 'hotspot' for new disease outbreaks. (news-medical.net)
  • Using NASA and GLOBE data to Predict Outbreaks of Disease! (globe.gov)
  • Due to an ongoing outbreak of meningococcal disease in Southern California, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) is urging all gay and bisexual men and HIV-infected persons in Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego counties be vaccinated against meningococcal disease. (ca.gov)
  • Since March, 22 cases of meningococcal disease have been confirmed in an outbreak in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, including several cases in the past week. (ca.gov)
  • Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial infection that can cause meningitis and bloodstream infections (sepsis). (ca.gov)
  • Although rare, meningococcal disease is very serious and potentially fatal. (ca.gov)
  • Vaccination is the best protection against meningococcal disease," said CDPH Director and State Public Health Officer Dr. Karen Smith. (ca.gov)
  • There have been no reports of meningococcal disease in travelers. (cdc.gov)
  • Countries around the world took notice and prepared for possible outbreaks, the World Health Organization sent out guidelines to ministries of health and vaccines were developed in a matter of months. (livescience.com)
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the consumption of contaminated water can cause diseases, such as jaundice, polio, typhus, cholera and dysentery. (ynetnews.com)
  • Since its reemergence this year, some 1,625 people have died, and on July 17, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a public health emergency of international concern. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • British trained doctor, David Nabarro, who is in the race to be next head of the World Health Organization (WHO), said infectious diseases, like cholera and Ebola, wreak havoc if they are not identified and managed quickly. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Many health emergencies are the result of infectious diseases. (citywindsor.ca)
  • The EWARS project is an initiative to strengthen disease early warning, alert and response in emergencies. (who.int)
  • EWARS tries to catch disease outbreaks early on to help contain them in emergencies by providing technical support, training and field-based tools to Ministries of Health and other partners. (who.int)
  • People are defecating out in the open and there are already reports of diarrheal disease outbreaks and chest infections, say the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) - a group of 13 UK aid agencies. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In 2006, more than 400 children under the age of 5 died during an outbreak of diarrheal disease in Botswana. (nsf.gov)
  • For more than 10 years, Kathleen Alexander, a scientist at Virginia Tech , has been researching similar diarrheal disease outbreaks across Botswana to determine if there are correlations among atmospheric conditions, local environmental variables, and disease rates. (nsf.gov)
  • Diarrheal disease remains a critical threat to children under 5 years of age across Africa but particularly in the Chobe District. (nsf.gov)
  • Measles is more likely to spread and cause outbreaks in U.S. communities where groups of people are unvaccinated. (cdc.gov)
  • As human populations grow and spread into previously isolated environments, more and more people come into contact with formerly untouched wildlife and their diseases. (iaea.org)
  • To help limit the spread of such diseases, their early and rapid detection in animals and wildlife is critical. (iaea.org)
  • A new study by scientists at the University of Liverpool documents, for the first time, how the ability of bacteria to swap genetic material with each other can directly affect the emergence and spread of globally important infectious diseases. (eurekalert.org)
  • Using this technique, they were able to predict influenza outbreaks in the U.S., Poland, Japan and Thailand, the spread of dengue in Brazil, and a spike in the number of tuberculosis cases in Thailand. (ibtimes.com)
  • However, the Wikipedia-based model was not successful in predicting the spread of slow-progressing diseases like HIV/AIDS, according to the paper. (ibtimes.com)
  • Inadequate clean water and sanitation allow diseases like cholera to spread, and in this regard Thailand is in much better shape than Haiti. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Hong Kong, a global city which plays host to hundreds and thousands of travellers from around the world every year, was the perfect launchpad for the spread of the disease. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Within a matter of weeks the disease had spread to 27 countries, closing cities like Toronto and costing them a billion dollars," he says. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • This lays out the steps countries must take to ensure that diseases do not spread out of control. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • North Korea scaled back cooperation with South Korea after the collapse of a February summit between North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump, hampering joint work on stemming the spread of the disease following an outbreak near North Korea's border with China. (courthousenews.com)
  • Only 14 states vaccinated at least half of their population against the seasonal flu, while 35 met the goal for vaccinating young children against hepatitis B, which is spread by infected blood and leads to liver disease. (governing.com)
  • IHB engages foreign governments to reduce barriers to effective humanitarian responses, make science-based decisions that prevent outbreak spread, and mitigate unproductive response measures that interfere with travel and trade. (state.gov)
  • After a few weeks or months depending on conditions, the disease continues to spread through the rapid movement of global travelers. (news-medical.net)
  • As with the SARS outbreak, the virus incubated for a few months in China before it spread to Hong Kong, Canada and other points around the world. (news-medical.net)
  • There was much criticism last month over the transfer of Qatari funds to Gaza , but few realize that the cash infusion to the strip will indirectly help Israel by preventing the possible outbreak of disease in the Palestinian enclave that could spread to Israel. (ynetnews.com)
  • Express Empathy: Disease outbreaks can disease outbreak can help stop the spread of disease, cause fear and disrupt daily lives. (cdc.gov)
  • The spread of disease has not so far impacted European supplement sales, according to Crossley, with growth being generated instead by products for targeted health conditions like heart, joint, or skin health. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Investment in health aid is not just a way to prevent the spread of disease but to shore up regional stability, which is in the broader interest of the United States. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Doing so is crucial to preventing the spread of the disease and ensuring patients receive treatment. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • This book will help readers understand how statisticians and epidemiologists help combat the spread of such diseases in order to improve public health across the world. (routledge.com)
  • poses this unique quandary: Diseases in wildlife are now able to spread across the whole human race, and if you catch one of these bugs, you are likely to die from it. (earthisland.org)
  • Science writer David Quammen introduces us to the complicated origin and spread of "zoonosis" - diseases which originate in animals but can be passed along to humans. (earthisland.org)
  • Warren said she can mitigate the spread of disease by fighting climate change and moving the U.S. to a universal, government-funded health system under the "Medicare for All" program. (sfgate.com)
  • Primary symptoms of the disease include fever, runny nose, cough and a rash that can spread across the entire body, the CDC said. (usatoday.com)
  • In an analysis of how the spread of misinformation affects the spread of disease, scientists at Britain's East Anglia University (UEA) said any successful efforts to stop people sharing fake news could help save lives. (malaysiakini.com)
  • Their models took into account studies of real behaviour, how different diseases are spread, incubation periods and recovery times, and the speed and frequency of social media posting and real-life information sharing. (malaysiakini.com)
  • Since then, 1 million pigs have died and the disease has spread to 31 of China's 34 provinces, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. (sfgate.com)
  • Though the outbreak could be serious, news regarding its scope has been slow to spread. (spokesman.com)
  • The death toll from a disease outbreak in China's pig herds that has pushed up global pork prices has risen to 1.2 million animals, but its spread has "significantly slowed," a deputy agriculture minister said Thursday. (phys.org)
  • In 2012 a new cycle of this disease spread throughout the East Coast during the spring and summer and, by October 2012, impatiens downy mildew was confirmed in landscape beds and greenhouses in 32 states and Washington, D.C. (prweb.com)
  • Recent advances in DNA sequencing have allowed scientists to accurately track the spread of some diseases by measuring mutations in the pathogen's DNA when the DNA replicates. (innovations-report.com)
  • The research has also shed light on the role of asymptomatic carriers of the disease in the spread of typhoid. (innovations-report.com)
  • As these carriers do not show symptoms, they are likely to be unaware of their infection and can unwittingly spread the disease. (innovations-report.com)
  • The most famous of such cases was a cook in New York in the early twentieth century, nicknamed 'Typhoid Mary', who is believed to have spread the disease to dozens of people. (innovations-report.com)
  • In an attempt to stifle the spread of the disease, leper colonies were created to quarantine symptomatic individuals. (ranker.com)
  • It's believed that nearly half of the European population was killed as the disease spread so quickly that people would die in a matter of weeks, days, or even hours. (ranker.com)
  • The latter half of the 1400s were marked by the steady, and then drastic, spread of the infectious sexually transmitted disease syphilis. (ranker.com)
  • Two Texas nurses contracted the virus while caring for a Liberian citizen who arrived in the United States with the disease, which is spread through bodily fluids. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Social distancing and mask wearing to reduce the spread of COVID-19 have also protected against many other diseases, including influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). (princeton.edu)
  • Drinking or swimming in water does not spread the disease. (unionleader.com)
  • Reports say the disease may spread North Africa and the Middle East, jeopardizing food security in the region. (newsblaze.com)
  • FAO says an urgent action is needed to control a major outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in Egypt and prevent its spread. (newsblaze.com)
  • A joint disease containment strategy was drawn up focussing on limiting the spread through various measures, including vaccination. (newsblaze.com)
  • There was a consistent presence of well-known diseases such as measles, smallpox, and ergotism, but concerns surrounding these ailments were all but trumped by the prevalence of various influenza outbreaks . (ranker.com)
  • The authors also considered the implications of COVID-19 NPIs for seasonal influenza outbreaks and found results qualitatively similar to RSV. (princeton.edu)
  • In enabling participation in surveillance, we also expect to increase global coverage and identify outbreaks earlier," he added. (newsmax.com)
  • The article, authored by leading scientists in the fields of emerging disease ecology, biomathematics, computational biology and bioinformatics, shows how network theory can be used to identify outbreaks of unidentified diseases. (news-medical.net)
  • And a report from the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security in the United States warns that scientists are looking for the disease in the wrong places: concentrating on previous outbreaks rather than trying to adapt to new threats. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • It's a critical measure of a state's ability to swiftly handle an outbreak of Ebola, flu or other threats, according to the report. (governing.com)
  • When we prepare and effectively collaborate to address common threats that don't stop at borders, the international community can stop these diseases in their tracks. (sfgate.com)
  • To prevent foodborne diseases, compliance with general hygiene rules when preparing foods is essential, even in private households. (bund.de)
  • has published a leaflet on how to prevent foodborne disease outbreaks in curative and nursing institutions, such as hospitals, nursing homes and childcare centres. (bund.de)
  • It is the first time that countries have been provided with a single score by international experts assessing how ready they are to prevent or nip disease outbreaks in the bud before they become full-blown crises. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • This is essential in order to prevent dehydration and water-related disease such as diarrhea and cholera. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Via the process of identifying an outbreak, finding its cause, and developing a plan to prevent its reoccurrence, this book tells the story of how medical and public health professionals use statistics to help mitigate the effects of disease. (routledge.com)
  • She is teaching Ugandans how to achieve wildlife conservation through public health and prevent disease outbreaks. (ashoka.org)
  • Consequently, farmers may fail to take appropriate action to prevent or control disease. (fao.org)
  • Infectious diseases have a substantially growing impact on the health of communities around the world and pressure to both predict and prevent such diseases is ever-growing. (phys.org)
  • Microsoft is using artificial intelligence technology to bring data to farming and prevent disease outbreaks through its Azure cloud platform. (itbusiness.ca)
  • A recent article in Discovery News reports that some experts have come to suspect that the diseases spurring these population declines may be linked. (motherjones.com)
  • It appears that many species are under an immense amount of stress, allowing opportunistic diseases to take hold," Rob Mies, executive director of the Organization for Bat Conservation, told Discovery News . (motherjones.com)
  • The toll of the disease in Haiti is in the news again following the filing of a lawsuit against the UN. (scienceblogs.com)
  • BBC News explains that a recent UN report "strongly suggested that the disease was introduced by UN peacekeepers from Nepal living on a base where poor sanitary conditions allowed human waste to enter the Artibonite river system. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Please complete the fields below to get your FREE copy of Discovering Disease Outbreaks from News Headlines. (manning.com)
  • The rise of fake news could be making disease outbreaks worse-according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). (phys.org)
  • At a news conference at the city Office of Emergency Management, Mayor Bill de Blasio said that 108 people have been infected since the onset of the outbreak in July - up from a tally of 101 on Friday. (nytimes.com)
  • The good news is this outbreak is clearly tapering off," Mr. de Blasio said. (nytimes.com)
  • A number of African countries -- including Mali, Senegal, the Ivory Coast, Cape Verde and Gabon -- have seen outbreaks of the disease. (upi.com)
  • According to the WHO, 80 per cent of major outbreaks begin in just 20 to 30 highly fragile countries. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Aid agencies are warning of major outbreaks of disease in camps for displaced people in northwestern Pakistan as the monsoon season approaches. (voanews.com)
  • But, the risk of major outbreaks are possible," said Bile. (voanews.com)
  • Eagle looked at cellular data from a series of cholera outbreaks in Rwanda between 2006 and 2009. (newscientist.com)
  • Cholera is a frightful disease and yet it can be managed very effectively and we've got cholera outbreaks in at least four major centres across the world right now," Nabarro said. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • The in-depth interviews describe how biosurveillance systems have been used by state and local public health practitioners to identify and investigate outbreaks. (rti.org)
  • In outbreaks of unknown etiology, determining and verifying the diagnosis can be a significant part of the investigation with respect to time and resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • has published guidelines for the investigation into outbreaks along the food chain. (bund.de)
  • By integrating sophisticated genetic tools into outbreak investigation, it will become possible to more precisely target interventions and alter the course of outbreaks more quickly," he said in an email. (reuters.com)
  • The New York State Department of Health shared photos of some of the products it found to contain vitamin E acetate, a key focus of the department's investigation into potential causes of vaping-associated lung disease. (cnbc.com)
  • On December 7, 2006, an initial investigation attributed the outbreak to green onions, which had been supplied to the Taco Bell restaurants by a single McLane Company distribution center in Burlington Township, New Jersey. (wikipedia.org)
  • In outbreaks identified through notifiable disease surveillance, reports are often linked to laboratory results and verifying the diagnosis is straight forward. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 1 ] Public health agencies in the U.S. states and territories* report information on waterborne disease outbreaks to CDC through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) ( https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/surveillance/index.html ). (medscape.com)
  • Traditional disease surveillance techniques involve collecting data from laboratory tests and tracking the number of visits to health care facilities. (ibtimes.com)
  • The report warned that many countries 'chronically under-invest' in critical public health functions such as disease surveillance, diagnostics, and emergency operations centres, which enable the early identification and containment of outbreaks. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Effective surveillance methods require finding the right balance between declaring an unusual event where there is none, versus missing an outbreak that is occurring. (terradaily.com)
  • The strategy builds on the wealth of online surveillance data and increased reporting and tracking of emerging infectious diseases via the Internet. (news-medical.net)
  • Outlines the concepts and methods of disease surveillance. (routledge.com)
  • EWARS in a box' contains all the equipment needed to set up a disease surveillance system, including mobile phones, laptops, solar-powered generators and chargers, all specifically designed to work in difficult and insecure operating environments like north eastern Nigeria. (who.int)
  • EWARS complements Nigeria's existing Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) System which has been weakened by the crisis, facilitating real time flow of information for timely response. (who.int)
  • WHO's EWARS initiative is committed to supporting disease surveillance, alert and response even in the most difficult operating environments. (who.int)
  • Surveillance for foodborne-disease outbreaks--United States, 1993-1997. (nih.gov)
  • Since 1973, CDC has maintained a collaborative surveillance program for collection and periodic reporting of data on the occurrence and causes of foodborne-disease outbreaks (FBDOs) in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • CDC collects data on foodborne disease outbreaks submitted by all states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico through CDC's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System. (nih.gov)
  • There is a risk that cholera, dysentery and other serious waterborne diseases will break out in the aftermath of the Nepal earthquake. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Cholera is a waterborne disease … The system knew that storms can cause cholera. (oreilly.com)
  • This is very surprising because, again, cholera is a waterborne disease. (oreilly.com)
  • Cramped living conditions, limited clean water, and poor sanitation increases the risk of diarrhoea and other disease outbreaks. (who.int)
  • He describes WHO's stance in naming Disease X as wise in terms of communicating risk. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Despite Australia's strict quarantine procedures, there is a risk that an exotic animal disease could be introduced. (www.csiro.au)
  • Despite Australia's strict quarantine procedures, there is still a risk that an exotic (foreign) animal disease could be introduced into Australia. (www.csiro.au)
  • Share information about the signs and symptoms season and have seen the heartbreaking stories of of disease, who is at risk, treatment and care those who have lost loved ones. (cdc.gov)
  • Especially when the reason for of disease, who is at risk, treatment and care quarantine is exposure to a new disease for which options, and when to seek medical care. (cdc.gov)
  • The objective of this workshop is for the participants to understand the scope of risk communication and how it can be developed for the different communities pre and post animal disease outbreak . (fao.org)
  • The emergence of the virus in Guinea highlights the risk of EBOV outbreaks in the whole West African subregion," the report continued. (medscape.com)
  • In fact, the study showed that people living near to water spouts, for whom these provide their main source of water, and people living at a lower elevation are at substantially greatest risk of contracting the disease. (innovations-report.com)
  • It is very important to prepare for this possible future outbreak risk and to pay attention to the full gamut of infections impacted by COVID-19 NPIs," Baker said. (princeton.edu)
  • We want to make sure the public is aware of the potential risk of this disease so that each person can make a decision for themselves about visiting the area in the best interest of their health. (unionleader.com)
  • Those more at risk are people age 50 or older, current or former smokers, those with chronic lung disease, weakened immune systems or those with underlying illnesses such as diabetes, kidney failure and liver failure. (unionleader.com)