Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Communicable DiseasesPublic Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Biosurveillance: Monitoring of information sources of potential value in detecting an emerging epidemic, whether naturally occurring or the result of bioterrorism.Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Quarantine: Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Swimming PoolsCommunicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Animal DiseasesEpidemiologic Measurements: Statistical calculations on the occurrence of disease or other health-related conditions in defined populations.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Norovirus: A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Space-Time Clustering: A statistically significant excess of cases of a disease, occurring within a limited space-time continuum.Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Epidemics: Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.Rupicapra: A genus of ruminants in the family Bovidae. The common name chamois usually refers to the species Rupicapra rupicapra. Rupicapra pyrenaica, found in the Pyrenees, is more properly referred to as the Pyrenean chamois.Euthanasia, Animal: The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseSeasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points: A system of safety management (abbreviated HACCP) applied mainly to the food industry. It involves the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards, from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of finished products.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Laboratory Personnel: Professionals, technicians, and assistants staffing LABORATORIES.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Legionnaires' Disease: An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Cryptosporidiosis: Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.United StatesBasic Reproduction Number: The expected number of new cases of an infection caused by an infected individual, in a population consisting of susceptible contacts only.Public Health Surveillance: The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)Cucurbitaceae: The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Patient Isolation: The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Spatio-Temporal Analysis: Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.Escherichia coli O157: A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.Molecular Typing: Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.Penaeidae: A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the penaeid shrimp. Species of the genus Penaeus are the most important commercial shrimp throughout the world.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Meningococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Spatial Analysis: Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.RNA Virus InfectionsBacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Pasteurization: Treatment of food with physical methods such as heat, high pressure, radiation, or electric current to destroy organisms that cause disease or food spoilage.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.Legionella pneumophila: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE. It has been isolated from numerous environmental sites as well as from human lung tissue, respiratory secretions, and blood.Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Vibrio: A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Salmonella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Caliciviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.White spot syndrome virus 1: A species of DNA virus, in the genus WHISPOVIRUS, infecting PENAEID SHRIMP.Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease: A mild, highly infectious viral disease of children, characterized by vesicular lesions in the mouth and on the hands and feet. It is caused by coxsackieviruses A.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Sequence Homology: The degree of similarity between sequences. Studies of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY and NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCE HOMOLOGY provide useful information about the genetic relatedness of genes, gene products, and species.Neisseria meningitidis: A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA. It is a commensal and pathogen only of humans, and can be carried asymptomatically in the NASOPHARYNX. When found in cerebrospinal fluid it is the causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis (MENINGITIS, MENINGOCOCCAL). It is also found in venereal discharges and blood. There are at least 13 serogroups based on antigenic differences in the capsular polysaccharides; the ones causing most meningitis infections being A, B, C, Y, and W-135. Each serogroup can be further classified by serotype, serosubtype, and immunotype.Respiratory Tract DiseasesVaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Virus Diseases: A general term for diseases produced by viruses.Adenovirus Infections, Human: Respiratory and conjunctival infections caused by 33 identified serotypes of human adenoviruses.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Contact Tracing: Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.Alphavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Hepatitis A: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the HEPATOVIRUS genus, HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS. It can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.Chikungunya virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.CaliforniaMeasles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Echovirus Infections: Infectious disease processes, including meningitis, diarrhea, and respiratory disorders, caused by echoviruses.Mumps: An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Escherichia coli Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.Great BritainDiarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Meat Products: Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola: A highly fatal, acute hemorrhagic fever, clinically very similar to MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE, caused by EBOLAVIRUS, first occurring in the Sudan and adjacent northwestern (what was then) Zaire.Salmonella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.

Tuberculosis outbreaks in prison housing units for HIV-infected inmates--California, 1995-1996. (1/11802)

During 1995-1996, staff from the California departments of corrections and health services and local health departments investigated two outbreaks of drug-susceptible tuberculosis (TB). The outbreaks occurred in two state correctional institutions with dedicated HIV housing units. In each outbreak, all cases were linked by IS6110-based DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. This report describes the investigations of both outbreaks; the findings indicated that M. tuberculosis can spread rapidly among HIV-infected inmates and be transmitted to their visitors and prison employees, with secondary spread to the community.  (+info)

Role of schools in the transmission of measles in rural Senegal: implications for measles control in developing countries. (2/11802)

Patterns of measles transmission at school and at home were studied in 1995 in a rural area of Senegal with a high level of vaccination coverage. Among 209 case children with a median age of 8 years, there were no deaths, although the case fatality ratio has previously been 6-7% in this area. Forty percent of the case children had been vaccinated against measles; the proportion of vaccinated children was higher among secondary cases (47%) than among index cases (33%) (prevalence ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.76). Vaccinated index cases may have been less infectious than unvaccinated index cases, since they produced fewer clinical cases among exposed children (relative risk = 0.55, 95% CI 0.29-1.04). The secondary attack rate was lower in the schools than in the homes (relative risk = 0.31, 95% CI 0.20-0.49). The school outbreaks were protracted, with 4-5 generations of cases being seen in the two larger schools. Vaccine efficacy was found to be 57% (95% CI -23 to 85) in the schools and 74% (95% CI 62-82) in the residential compounds. Measles infection resulted in a mean of 3.8 days of absenteeism per case, though this did not appear to have an impact on the children's grades. Among the index cases, 56% of children were probably infected by neighbors in the community, and 7% were probably infected at health centers, 13% outside the community, and 24% in one of the three schools which had outbreaks during the epidemic. However, most of the school-related cases occurred at the beginning and therefore contributed to the general propagation of the epidemic. To prevent school outbreaks, it may be necessary to require vaccination prior to school entry and to revaccinate children in individual schools upon detection of cases of measles. Multidose measles vaccination schedules will be necessary to control measles in developing countries.  (+info)


nvited commentary: vaccine failure or failure to vaccinate?  (+info)


aning of vaccine-induced immunity: is it a problem in Africa?  (+info)

Asthma visits to emergency rooms and soybean unloading in the harbors of Valencia and A Coruna, Spain. (5/11802)

Soybean unloading in the harbor of Barcelona, Spain, has been associated with large increases in the numbers of asthma patients treated in emergency departments between 1981 and 1987. In this study, the association between asthma and soybean unloading in two other Spanish cities, Valencia and A Coruna, was assessed. Asthma admissions were retrospectively identified for the period 1993-1995, and harbor activities were investigated in each location. Two approaches were used to assess the association between asthma and soybean unloading: One used unusual asthma days (days with an unusually high number of emergency room asthma visits) as an effect measure, and the other estimated the relative increase in the daily number of emergency room visits by autoregressive Poisson regression, adjusted for meteorologic variables, seasonality, and influenza incidence. No association between unusual asthma days and soya unloading was observed in either Valencia or A Coruna, except for one particular dock in Valencia. When the association between unloaded products and the daily number of emergency asthma visits was studied, a statistically significant association was observed for unloading of soya husk (relative risk = 1.50, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.94) and soybeans (relative risk = 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.59) in A Coruna. In Valencia, a statistical association was found only for the unloading of soybeans at two particular docks. Although these findings support the notion that asthma outbreaks are not a common hidden condition in most harbors where soybeans are unloaded, the weak associations reported are likely to be causal. Therefore, appropriate control measures should be implemented to avoid soybean dust emissions, particularly in harbors with populations living in the vicinity.  (+info)

The European mesothelioma epidemic. (6/11802)

Projections for the period 1995-2029 suggest that the number of men dying from mesothelioma in Western Europe each year will almost double over the next 20 years, from 5000 in 1998 to about 9000 around 2018, and then decline, with a total of about a quarter of a million deaths over the next 35 years. The highest risk will be suffered by men born around 1945-50, of whom about 1 in 150 will die of mesothelioma. Asbestos use in Western Europe remained high until 1980, and substantial quantities are still used in several European countries. These projections are based on the fit of a simple age and birth cohort model to male pleural cancer mortality from 1970 to 1989 for six countries (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and Switzerland) which together account for three-quarters of the population of Western Europe. The model was tested by comparing observed and predicted numbers of deaths for the period 1990-94. The ratio of mesothelioma to recorded pleural cancer mortality has been 1.6:1 in Britain but was assumed to be 1:1 in other countries.  (+info)

A multistate, foodborne outbreak of hepatitis A. National Hepatitis A Investigation Team. (7/11802)

BACKGROUND: We investigated a large, foodborne outbreak of hepatitis A that occurred in February and March 1997 in Michigan and then extended the investigation to determine whether it was related to sporadic cases reported in other states among persons who had consumed frozen strawberries, the food suspected of causing the outbreak. METHODS: The cases of hepatitis A were serologically confirmed. Epidemiologic studies were conducted in the two states with sufficient numbers of cases, Michigan and Maine. Hepatitis A virus RNA detected in clinical specimens was sequenced to determine the relatedness of the virus from outbreak-related cases and other cases. RESULTS: A total of 213 cases of hepatitis A were reported from 23 schools in Michigan and 29 cases from 13 schools in Maine, with the median rate of attack ranging from 0.2 to 14 percent. Hepatitis A was associated with the consumption of frozen strawberries in a case-control study (odds ratio for the disease, 8.3; 95 percent confidence interval, 2.1 to 33) and a cohort study (relative risk of infection, 7.5; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.1 to 53) in Michigan and in a case-control study in Maine (odds ratio for infection, 3.4; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.0 to 14). The genetic sequences of viruses from 126 patients in Michigan and Maine were identical to one another and to those from 5 patients in Wisconsin and 7 patients in Arizona, all of whom attended schools where frozen strawberries from the same processor had been served, and to those in 2 patients from Louisiana, both of whom had consumed commercially prepared products containing frozen strawberries from the same processor. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a large outbreak of hepatitis A in Michigan that was associated with the consumption of frozen strawberries. We found apparently sporadic cases in other states that could be linked to the same source by viral genetic analysis.  (+info)

A community outbreak of invasive and non-invasive group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal disease in a town in South Wales. (8/11802)

An increase in the incidence of invasive and non-invasive infections caused by group A beta-haemolytic streptococci (GAS) was noted in and around the town of Glynneath (population approx. 4000) in West Glamorgan, South Wales between 1 January and 30 June 1995. A total of 133 cases was ascertained with 127 (96%) occurring between 1 March and 30 June 1995. Six patients had invasive disease (one died) and all presented at the peak of the outbreak. There were 127 non-invasive cases of whom 7 were hospitalized. The outbreak was investigated to determine its extent and whether it was caused by a single M-serotype of GAS. Serotyping showed that 13 different M-serotypes were involved with the M1 serotype predominating. The overall incidence of GAS invasive disease in West Glamorgan (population 365,000) increased sevenfold from a crude incidence of 0.5/10(5) per year in 1994 to 3.5/10(5) per year in 1995, but fell back to 0.75/10(5) per year in 1996. Eighty-two (80%) out of 102 individuals affected by GAS replied to a health questionnaire; sore throat was the commonest symptom reported (97%). Thirty-nine of these index cases identified at least one other member of their household who had experienced similar symptoms. The interval between the onset of illness in members of a single household was 0-83 days with a mean of 22 days. The mean duration of illness was 13.5 days and 61% of patients were treated with penicillin V for a mean duration of 9.3 days. Twenty-one per cent of GAS isolates were erythromycin-resistant and the M4 and M6 serotypes were especially resistant to erythromycin (87.5 and 100% resistance, respectively). Penicillin V failed to eradicate GAS from the throats of 25% of assessable patients. In this community, an outbreak of non-invasive disease caused by GAS was linked in time and place with an outbreak of serious invasive disease.  (+info)

Despite high vaccination coverage in most European countries, large community outbreaks of measles do occur, normally clustered around schools and resulting from suboptimal vaccination coverage. To determine whether or when it is worth implementing outbreak-response vaccination campaigns in schools, we used stochastic outbreak models to reproduce a public school outbreak in Germany, where no vaccination campaign was implemented. We assumed 2 scenarios covering the baseline vaccination ratio range (91.3%-94.3%) estimated for that school and computed outbreaks assuming various vaccination delays. In one scenario, reacting (i.e., implementing outbreak-response vaccination campaigns) within 12-24 days avoided large outbreaks and reacting within 50 days reduced outbreak size. In the other scenario, reacting within 6-14 days avoided large outbreaks and reacting within 40 days reduced the outbreak size. These are realistic time frames for implementing school outbreak response vaccination campaigns. ...
Zika is a significant global public health issue. We demonstrate that, based on an average infectious period of 5.5 days17,18, Zika virus transmission by vector mosquitoes could have occurred in Cairns, Townsville and Rockhampton during the warmer months in 2015 and 2016, with Brisbane unsuitable for transmission. However, this changes when we take a lower epidemic potential threshold, based on a longer infectious period. Except for Brisbane where the vector is not yet established, these results are consistent with the epidemic potential of dengue virus in Cairns and Townsville.. While estimates are preliminary, these analyses point to the importance of further investigations of the infectious period as well as the infection and transmission rates of ZIKV and Australian mosquitoes (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus) to allow more accurate estimates of the epidemic potential for ZIKV in Australia.. The Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympics (5-21 August 2016) and the Paralympic Games (7-18 September 2016) ...
The outbreak investigation was coordinated by the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (DVFA) in cooperation with Statens Serum Institut (SSI) and The National Food Institute at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU-FOOD). The Danish Regional Food Control Offices, under the DVFA, conducted separate local outbreak investigations. An outbreak was considered a part of the meta-outbreak if the outbreak occurred in Denmark in March-April 2016 after consumption of green coral lettuce from France.. Local outbreak investigations were conducted via contact to outbreak venues and kitchens responsible for the catering to establish the circumstances of the outbreaks. Further investigations were then done to establish attack rate and food exposure details. Stool sample kits were distributed directly to patients by the local investigators where possible. Patients were encouraged to send in two separate stool samples to the SSI. Stool samples analysis was performed at the SSI and food sample analysis ...
Here, we analyse human infectious disease outbreaks across the world, spanning multiple decades. Our results provide new descriptions of the global disease-scape and our new dataset, now available for others to use, will help advance the field of disease biogeography.. While outbreaks represent an increase in the number of disease cases beyond expectations for a given population, emerging human infectious diseases are further characterized by novelty: for example, diseases that have undergone recent evolutionary change, entered the human population for the first time, or have been newly discovered [5,9]. The number of outbreaks, like the number of emerging infectious diseases, appears to be increasing with time in the human population both in total number and richness of causal diseases. Although our finding implies that outbreaks are increasing in impact globally, outbreak cases per capita appear to be declining over time. Our data suggest that, despite an increase in overall outbreaks, global ...
Looking for primary case? Find out information about primary case. in the United States, a preliminary election in which the candidate of a party is nominated directly by the voters. The establishment of the primary system... Explanation of primary case
Background Pertussis control remains a challenge due to recently observed effects of waning immunity to acellular vaccine and suboptimal vaccine coverage. Multiple outbreaks have been reported in different ages worldwide. For certain outbreaks, public health authorities can launch an outbreak response immunization (ORI) campaign to control pertussis spread. We investigated effects of an outbreak response immunization targeting young adolescents in averting pertussis cases. Methods We developed an agent-based model for pertussis transmission representing disease mechanism, waning immunity, vaccination schedule and pathogen transmission in a spatially-explicit 500,000-person contact network representing a typical Canadian Public Health district. Parameters were derived from literature and calibration. We used published cumulative incidence and dose-specific vaccine coverage to calibrate the models epidemiological curves. We endogenized outbreak response by defining thresholds to trigger simulated
Foodborne pathogens are responsible for an increasing burden of disease worldwide. Knowledge on the contribution of different food sources and water for disease is essential to prioritize food safety interventions and implement appropriate control measures. Source attribution using outbreak data utilizes readily available data from outbreak surveillance to estimate the contribution of different sources to human disease. We developed a probabilistic model based on outbreak data that attributes human foodborne disease by various bacterial pathogens to sources in Latin America and the Caribbean (LA&C). Foods implicated in outbreaks were classified by their ingredients as simple foods (i.e. belonging to one single food category), or complex foods (i.e. belonging to multiple food categories). For each agent, the data from simple-food outbreaks were summarized, and the proportion of outbreaks caused by each category was used to define the probability that an outbreak was caused by a source. For the ...
The Hawaii Department of Health has confirmed two cases of severe respiratory illness associated with e-cigarette use (also known as "vaping"). The first illness occurred in a Hawaii island resident under the age of 18 years. The second illness occurred in a young adult resident from Kauai. Both cases appear to be linked to a national outbreak.. As of October 15, more than 1,400 cases have been reported in 49 states (all except Alaska), including 33 deaths reported in 24 states. No single type of vaping device or product has been identified as the cause of the lung injuries and illnesses, but investigations are ongoing.. The Disease Outbreak Control Division is investigating all reported cases and coordinating with state and federal partners to try to identify the cause.. For current recommendations on e-cigarettes and vaping for the public, go here.. ...
Michael E. St. Louis, M.D. Enteric Disease Branch, Division of Bacterial Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases INTRODUCTION Since 1971 CDC has tabulated data on waterborne disease outbreaks separately from those for foodborne disease outbreaks and compiled these data in annual reports. The Water-Related Diseases Activity has the following goals: 1) to determine trends in the incidence of water-related diseases in the United States, 2) to characterize the epidemiology of water-related diseases, 3) to disseminate information on prevention and control of water-related diseases to appropriate public health personnel, 4) to train federal, state, and local health department personnel in epidemiologic techniques used to investigate water-related disease outbreaks, and 5) to collaborate with local, state, and other federal and international agencies in initiatives concerning prevention of water-related diseases. In addition to waterborne disease outbreaks associated with water intended for drinking, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Laboratory test performance in young adults during influenza outbreaks at World Youth Day 2008. AU - Foo, H.. AU - Blyth, C. C.. AU - van Hal, S.. AU - McPhie, K.. AU - Ratnamohan, M.. AU - Fennell, M.. AU - Ba Alawi, F.. AU - Rawlinson, W.. AU - Adamson, S.. AU - Armstrong, P.. AU - Dwyer, D. E.. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - Background: The performance of influenza laboratory diagnostics in young adults and in the setting of outbreaks during mass gatherings has not been well studied. Objectives: We compare the performance of point-of-care tests (POCTs) and immunofluorescence assays (IFAs) with nucleic acid tests (NATs) and viral culture in pilgrims attending influenza clinics established during a large influenza outbreak (World Youth Day, Sydney, Australia, 2008) to assess their performance under the real-life pressures of a mass influenza outbreak. Study design: Patients with an influenza-like illness (ILI) underwent respiratory specimen sampling. Combined deep nares and ...
E. coli bacteria co-exist with humans and animals in harmless symbiosis, however, every year they also cause infections and deaths. Disease outbreaks caused by E. coli most commonly occur after contact with contaminated food or water. A recent example of a disease outbreak caused by E. coli comes from Germany, where, in 2011, several thousand people were contaminated and 50 deaths were recorded.. Disease outbreaks caused by bacteria can never completely be avoided, however, their extent can be minimised by quickly detecting them and locating the source. As part of his PhD project, Rolf Sommer Kaas from the National Food Institute has developed a freely accessible internet-based tool, CSI Phylogeny. The tool can analyse bacterias genetic material, e.g. that of E. coli, and determine the bacterial evolutionary tree, i.e. how the bacteria are related. This information can be used as a starting point for quickly finding the outbreak source.. ...
Definition of Disease outbreak in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Disease outbreak? Meaning of Disease outbreak as a legal term. What does Disease outbreak mean in law?
Outbreaks of multidrug-resistant bacteria present a frequent threat to vulnerable patient populations in hospitals around the world. Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are particularly susceptible to nosocomial infections due to indwelling devices such as intravascular catheters, drains, and intratracheal tubes for mechanical ventilation. The increased vulnerability of infected ICU patients demonstrates the importance of effective outbreak management protocols to be in place. Understanding the transmission of pathogens via genotyping methods is an important tool for outbreak management. Recently, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of pathogens has become more accessible and affordable as a tool for genotyping. Analysis of the entire pathogen genome via WGS could provide unprecedented resolution in discriminating even highly related lineages of bacteria and revolutionize outbreak analysis in hospitals. Nevertheless, clinicians have long been hesitant to implement WGS in outbreak analyses due to the ...
An outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium linked to ground beef that started in early December of 2012 is now thought to have ended in mid-February after sickening a total of 22 people, announced the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Friday.. The 22 illnesses linked to the outbreak occurred in 6 states: Arizona (1 case), Illinois (2 cases), Iowa (1 case), Michigan (9 cases), Pennsylvania (1 case), and Wisconsin (8 cases).. Among the 14 outbreak victims for whom information was available, half were hospitalized, according to CDCs final outbreak report. No deaths were connected to the outbreak.. The type of Salmonella Typhimurium that caused this outbreak is uncommon, according to CDC.. "This PFGE (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) pattern has rarely been seen before in PulseNet and in the past typically caused 0-1 cases per month," said the agency in its outbreak report.. Ground beef products made by two companies - Jouni Meats and Gab Halal Foods - are considered the likely source of ...
A new approach to information gathering could allow scientists to quickly identify the most effective way to manage a disease outbreak, an advance that could save lives. Developed by an international team of researchers led by Penn State scientists using insights from the 2014 Ebola outbreak, the method pinpoints critical pieces of missing information required to improve management decisions during an outbreak.
Our analyses demonstrate the epidemiological importance of variation in group size in social species. As the variance of the group size distribution increases, the model demonstrates that the epidemic threshold decreases and that both the mean and variance of small outbreak sizes should increase. Above the epidemic threshold, that is, for diseases capable of causing large epidemics, the effect of group size variability depends on the transmissibility of the disease. For mildly contagious diseases, more variable group sizes promote larger epidemics, whereas for more highly contagious diseases, the effect reverses and group size variability inhibits epidemics.. These findings have important implications for disease-control strategies, including vaccination, quarantine and culling, which often target social groups that are likely to decrease the epidemic threshold. Prior studies have highlighted the importance of targeting groups with high numbers of interacting neighbours or who occupy a central ...
University of Guelph researchers have received a $375,000 Health Canada grant to develop a database program to help pinpoint causes of disease outbreaks. The first-of-its-kind project will link animal health, food safety and human health data to speed up the identification and evaluation of disease outbreak sources. For example, if Health Canada was trying to determine the cause of a Salmonella outbreak in humans, the database would specify any related outbreaks in farm or pet animals and related contaminated food products. "Time is key in these events -- people can become very ill or die during disease outbreaks -- so speedy recognition and evaluation are critical," said Beverly McEwen, one of the project co-ordinators from the Universitys Animal Health Laboratory. The grant was awarded by Federal Health Minister Allan Rock through Health Canadas Health Infostructure Support Program (HISP), which supports the use of new technologies in health. The grant will be used for hardware, software and ...
Ebola Outbreak Highlights Importance of Infection Control for Healthcare Professionals By CareerSmart Learning Contributor, October 2014 , as published by
Public health officials thought West Nile virus was history. But in 2012, the virus struck back, sparking a major outbreak around Dallas that killed 19 people and left hundreds more disabled. Scientists say theyve discovered key clues in the Dallas outbreak that could help predict future outbreaks.
Bitscopic Inc., a leading provider of health analytics tools, announced today that the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has selected its Praedico platform to detect and monitor infectious disease outbreaks across the country. In addition, the VA is going to pilot Bitscopics advanced analytics software for the early detection and management of hospital acquired infections (HAI) and other clinical informatics applications. Bitscopics Praedico scans data from electronic health records (EHRs), laboratories, pharmacies, and other sources in seconds. It has been used to analyze infectious disease data including influenza, dengue, Hepatitis C (HCV), etc. Praedico is a modular, highly configurable, and customizable platform. It can detect and monitor large-scale events such as antibiotic resistance trends and potential major disease outbreaks. In addition, it monitors more localized events and tools, such as patient monitoring devices, and surgical site infections. Read More ». ...
Several high-profile outbreaks have drawn attention to invasive fungal infections (IFIs) as an increasingly important public health problem. IFI outbreaks are caused by many different fungal pathogens and are associated with numerous settings and sources. In the community, IFI outbreaks often occur among people without predisposing medical conditions and are frequently precipitated by environmental disruption. Health-care-associated IFI outbreaks have been linked to suboptimal hospital environmental conditions, transmission via health-care workers hands, contaminated medical products, and transplantation of infected organs. Outbreak investigations provide important insights into the epidemiology of IFIs, uncover risk factors for infection, and identify opportunities for preventing similar events in the future. Well recognised challenges with IFI outbreak recognition, response, and prevention include the need for improved rapid diagnostic methods, the absence of routine surveillance for most ...
Fast disease outbreak management and protection of herd health can now be achieved by 2 new systems that combine smartphone apps, powerful software and GPS technology. The systems will soon be available to dairy farms.
The recent surge in reported mumps cases in Hidalgo County coincides with two nationwide trends. The first is the alarming increase of communicable diseases that just a few years ago were considered under control or effectively eradicated. The other, however, is a growing number of U.S. residents who arent getting vaccinated.. The Hidalgo County Health Department has reported some 20 confirmed or suspected cases of mumps, a viral disease that causes swelling and tenderness in several glands in the body. It often attacks the salivary glands and traditionally is characterized by swelling in the jaw and neck area. In rare cases it can affect the brain or pancreas, causing pancreatitis, meningitis or even encephalitis.. Historically the disease was more prevalent among young children, but the current local outbreak is can affect more adults. Thats alarming, as the disease can be more severe as the patients age. Mumps affects the reproductive organs in one in four men and one in 20 women who catch ...
Giardia is not endemic in Norway, and more than 90% of reported cases acquire the infection abroad. In late October 2004, an increase in laboratory confirmed cases of giardiasis was reported in the city of Bergen. An investigation was started to determine the source and extent of the outbreak in order to implement control measures. Cases were identified through the laboratory conducting giardia diagnostics in the area. All laboratory-confirmed cases were mapped based on address of residence, and attack rates and relative risks were calculated for each water supply zone. A case control study was conducted among people living in the central area of Bergen using age- and sex matched controls randomly selected from the population register. The outbreak investigation showed that the outbreak started in late August and peaked in early October. A total of 1300 laboratory-confirmed cases were reported. Data from the Norwegian Prescription Database gave an estimate of 2500 cases treated for giardiasis probably
Plant Disease 82:333-336...Plant Disease 82:333-336...Severe Outbreak of Stemphylium Leaf Blight, a New Disease of Cotton in Brazil...Y. R. Mehta , Instituto Agronômico do Paraná-IAPAR, Caixa Postal 481, CEP-8600-970, Londrina, PR., Brazil...
Find humanitarian situation reports, news, analysis, evaluations, assessments, maps, infographics and more on Congo River: Cholera Outbreak - May 2011
Find humanitarian situation reports, news, analysis, evaluations, assessments, maps, infographics and more on Congo River: Cholera Outbreak - May 2011
The deadly Ebola virus is taking a toll on the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since its reemergence this year, some 1,625 people have died, and on July 17, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a public health emergency of international concern. It has menaced communities across the countrys north, and individual cases have now reached the city of Goma, near the Congo-Rwanda border, and even spilled into Uganda.. In fragile states like Congo-beset by poverty, instability, and weak governance-not only do disease outbreaks routinely expand into neighboring countries, but they also tend to aggravate other health problems. For example, after the last Ebola outbreak weakened Congos already fragile and overtasked health system, the North Kivu province, where the outbreak is centered, saw an eightfold increase in the incidence of malaria. Simply put, it may be too much to expect a country like Congo to contain an outbreak while also dealing with a host of other problems, including a ...
Ebola outbreak data in various formats. Contribute to montanaflynn/ebola-outbreak-data development by creating an account on GitHub.
Via Eurosurveillance: Ongoing outbreak of hepatitis A in Italy: Preliminary report as of 31 May 2013. Over 350 cases have been confirmed since January. The discussion section: Preliminary analysis of the case interviews on possible risk factors associated with the...
Clinical and environmental Vibrio cholerae organisms collected from February 2004 through April 2005 were systematically isolated from 2 rural Bangladeshi locales. Their genetic relatedness was evaluated at 5 loci that contained a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR). The observed minimal overlap in VNTR patterns between the 2 communities was consistent with sequential, small outbreaks from local sources.
Virological investigation of four outbreaks of influenza B reassortants in the northern region of Taiwan from October 2006 to February 2007. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Several cases have been linked by investigation and/or viral sequencing to a national outbreak of hepatitis A involving cases in California and Arizona.. More than half the outbreak cases required hospitalization. The vast majority of outbreak cases were reported from two counties-Salt Lake (85) and Utah (26). No deaths have been reported.. The high rate of hospitalization may be a result of cases having underlying illnesses (e.g., alcoholism), or a higher rate of hepatitis comorbidities (e.g., hepatitis B or C).. Hepatitis A is usually spread through having oral contact with items contaminated with hepatitis A, for example, through ingesting food or drinks contaminated by infected feces. Some people do not develop symptoms, even if infected. If symptoms occur, they usually appear anywhere from 2-6 weeks after exposure. Symptoms usually develop over a period of several days, and may include jaundice (the yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes), abdominal pain, nausea or diarrhea. Hepatitis ...
Outbreaks of deadly animal-to-human viruses such as Ebola could become more likely due to climate change and human encroachment into untouched natural habitats, a leading United Nations expert has warned. Dr. David Nabarro, the U.N. secretary-generals special envoy on Ebola, told The Independent the world should prepare for more major outbreaks of zoonotic diseases - those which can pass from animals to humans - which he said were a local and global threat to humanity…" (Cooper, 4/5).. ...
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced yesterday that it, state, and other federal officials are investigating three multistate outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to contact with chicks, ducklings, and other live poultry. The outbreaks involve Salmonella serotypes Infantis, Mbandaka, and Typhimiurim. Public health authorities are using PulseNet, the CDCs national subtyping network, to identify illnesses that are part of the outbreaks. Investigators are still getting a handle on the number of states and illnesses involved, and the CDC said it would issue an update when more information is available. So far, interviews with some of the sick patients have revealed that they purchased live chicks and ducklings from multiple feed stores and mail-order hatcheries. Investigations are also underway to determine the source of the live poultry in the outbreaks. Some states have already announced outbreaks related to live baby poultry. For example, on Apr 23 the Minnesota ...
A newly released software program will let health authorities at the site of an infectious disease outbreak quickly analyze data, speeding the detection of new cases and the implementation of effective interventions.
Multi-organisational environment is demonstrating more complexities due the ever-increasing tasks complications in modern environments. Disease outbreak coordination is one of these complex tasks that require multi-skilled and multi-jurisdictional agencies to coordinate in dynamic environment. This research discusses theoretical foundations and practical approaches to suggest frameworks to study complex inter-organisational networks in dynamic environments, specifically during disease outbreak. We study coo¬¬rdination as being an interdisciplinary domain, and then uses social network theory to model it. I have surveyed 70 health professionals whom have participated in the swine influenza H1N1 2009 outbreak. I collected both qualitative and quantitative data in order to build a comprehensive understanding of the dynamics of the inter-organisational network that evolved during that outbreak. Then I constructed a performance model by use three main components of the network theory: degree ...
Article Talking turkey: How bird flu outbreaks are playing out. A deadly strain of bird flu has reached the Midwest, killing or requiring hundreds of thousands of turkeys to be euthanized. Some questions and answers about the outbreak: WHAT KIND OF ...
A team of epidemiologists and computer scientists have developed a new software program, called TranStat, to aid early detection of infectious disease outbreaks.
The frequency and severity of recurrent outbreaks vary greatly between people. Some individuals outbreaks can be quite debilitating, with large, painful lesions persisting for several weeks, while others experience only minor itching or burning for a few days. Some evidence indicates genetics play a role in the frequency of cold sore outbreaks. An area of human chromosome 21 that includes six genes has been linked to frequent oral herpes outbreaks. An immunity to the virus is built over time. Most infected individuals experience fewer outbreaks and outbreak symptoms often become less severe. After several years, some people become perpetually asymptomatic and no longer experience outbreaks, though they may still be contagious to others. Immunocompromised individuals may experience longer, more frequent, and more severe episodes. Antiviral medication has been proven to shorten the frequency and duration of outbreaks.[79] Outbreaks may occur at the original site of the infection or in proximity ...
Sobering news keeps coming out of the West African Ebola outbreak. According to numbers released on August 6, the virus has sickened 1,711 and claimed 932 lives across four nations. The outbreak continues to grow, with a high risk of continued regional spread, according to a threat analysis released by HealthMap (an outbreak tracking system operated out of Boston Childrens Hospital) and Bio.Diaspora (a Canadian project that monitors communicable disease spread via international travel).. "What weve seen here-because of inadequate public health measures, because of general fear-is [an outbreak that] truly hasnt been kept under control," John Brownstein, PhD, co-founder of HealthMap and a computational epidemiologist at Boston Childrens Hospital, told ABC News. "The event started, calmed down and jumped up again. Now, were seeing movement into densely populated areas, which is highly concerning.". If youre interested in keeping tabs on the outbreak yourself, there are several tools that can ...
Free Online Library: Long-term Follow-up of 5 Survivors after the First Outbreak of Human Infections with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus in Shanghai, China.(Report) by Chinese Medical Journal; Health, general Avian influenza Prognosis CAT scans Usage CT imaging Pulmonary function tests Analysis
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Looking for epidemic disease? Find out information about epidemic disease. impairment of the normal state or functioning of the body as a whole or of any of its parts. Some diseases are acute, producing severe symptoms that... Explanation of epidemic disease
This report describes the experience of managing six outbreaks at the public health unit level and the implications for future vaccine composition and local outbreak preparedness.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention just issued a new update to its ongoing investigation of a months-long Salmonella outbreak linked to turkey products.
A company that distributed human growth hormone to athletes and entertainers has been fined and will cooperate with ongoing investigations.
The frequency and severity of recurrent outbreaks vary greatly between people. Some individuals outbreaks can be quite debilitating, with large, painful lesions persisting for several weeks, while others experience only minor itching or burning for a few days. Some evidence indicates genetics play a role in the frequency of cold sore outbreaks. An area of human chromosome 21 that includes six genes has been linked to frequent oral herpes outbreaks. An immunity to the virus is built over time. Most infected individuals experience fewer outbreaks and outbreak symptoms often become less severe. After several years, some people become perpetually asymptomatic and no longer experience outbreaks, though they may still be contagious to others. Immunocompromised individuals may experience longer, more frequent, and more severe episodes. Antiviral medication has been proven to shorten the frequency and duration of outbreaks.[79] Outbreaks may occur at the original site of the infection or in proximity ...
The frequency and severity of recurrent outbreaks vary greatly between people. Some individuals outbreaks can be quite debilitating, with large, painful lesions persisting for several weeks, while others experience only minor itching or burning for a few days. Some evidence indicates genetics play a role in the frequency of cold sore outbreaks. An area of human chromosome 21 that includes six genes has been linked to frequent oral herpes outbreaks. An immunity to the virus is built over time. Most infected individuals experience fewer outbreaks and outbreak symptoms often become less severe. After several years, some people become perpetually asymptomatic and no longer experience outbreaks, though they may still be contagious to others. Immunocompromised individuals may experience longer, more frequent, and more severe episodes. Antiviral medication has been proven to shorten the frequency and duration of outbreaks.[79] Outbreaks may occur at the original site of the infection or in proximity ...
The frequency and severity of recurrent outbreaks vary greatly between people. Some individuals outbreaks can be quite debilitating, with large, painful lesions persisting for several weeks, while others experience only minor itching or burning for a few days. Some evidence indicates genetics play a role in the frequency of cold sore outbreaks. An area of human chromosome 21 that includes six genes has been linked to frequent oral herpes outbreaks. An immunity to the virus is built over time. Most infected individuals experience fewer outbreaks and outbreak symptoms often become less severe. After several years, some people become perpetually asymptomatic and no longer experience outbreaks, though they may still be contagious to others. Immunocompromised individuals may experience longer, more frequent, and more severe episodes. Antiviral medication has been proven to shorten the frequency and duration of outbreaks.[79] Outbreaks may occur at the original site of the infection or in proximity ...
No More Wedding Banquets In Vietnamese Province Due To Diarrhea Outbreak November 8, 2007 12:48 p.m. EST John Concepcion - AHN News Writer Hanoi, Vietnam (AHN) - Due to a nationwide outbreak of cholera and other food-borne diseases like diarrhea, health officials on Thursday said a northern Vietnamese province has banned wedding banquets in…
SHEA/CDC Outbreak Response Training Program Workshop. Register for the January 23-24, 2018 SHEA/CDC Outbreak Response Training Program Workshop. The venue is the Garland Hotel in North Hollywood, CA. There is no cost to participants for the workshop, but advance registration is required. World-renowned experts in healthcare epidemiology, infectious diseases, incident management, and outbreak response will gather to prepare attendees to be at their best during times of crisis - whether its a local outbreak or the next pandemic. This workshop will include lectures, case studies, and working sessions to teach healthcare epidemiologists how to effectively lead during public health emergencies and facility-level outbreaks. Attendees will learn how to implement appropriate infection control policies and develop the skills needed for emergency response and incident management. CDC TRAIN. CDC TRAIN provides access to more than 1,000 courses developed by the CDC programs, grantees, and other funded ...
This study was performed to assess the financial burden of implementation of a strict national policy to control the spread of HDRO. The mean cost per episode was measured at €4443 per episode for single cases isolated at admission to €136 525 for outbreaks with at least two secondary cases. The mean cost per case varied from €4443 for a single case to €12 845 in outbreak situations. Interruption of admissions was the most costly measure in an outbreak situation.. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first multicentre study to estimate costs of a strict policy for controlling HDRO spread. Data were collected prospectively, enabling detailed cost analysis in a large panel of situations. Previous studies mainly focused on GRE, and primarily assessed costs related to an outbreak situation,12-14 infection, prolonged length of stay 15-17 or implementation of surveillance.18-21 Studies focusing on cost associated with outbreak situations measured the overall financial burden, varying from ...
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), recently released a report on a 2016 Salmonella outbreak, identifying it to the public for the first time.. More than 30 people across nine U.S. states were sickened. Eight of those people were hospitalized, with victims spreading from Texas to Minnesota, between May 6 and July 9.. The outbreak was traced back to fresh hot peppers.. "Investigators could not determine what specific type of hot pepper was causing illness, or which farm was producing the peppers," a spokesperson told Food Safety News. "Due to the short shelf-life of fresh peppers, the contaminated peppers were most likely no longer being sold or served when investigators suspected peppers as the outbreak source.". Why are consumers only just now hearing about the outbreak? There just wasnt any information that was useful by the time the FDA and the CDC realized what was going on.. "The FDA worked with the CDC on this outbreak, ...
People with diabetes experience elevated blood glucose (BG) levels at the time of an infection. We propose to utilize patient-gathered information in an Electronic Disease Surveillance Monitoring Network (EDMON), which may support the identification of a cluster of infected people with elevated BG levels on a spatiotemporal basis. The system incorporates data gathered from diabetes apps, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices, and other appropriate physiological indicators from people with type 1 diabetes. This paper presents a novel approach towards modeling of the individuals BG dynamics, a mechanism to track and detect deviations of elevated BG readings. The models were developed and validated using self-recorded data in the non-infection status using Dexcom CGM devices, from two type 1 diabetes individuals over a 1-month period. The models were also tested using simulated datasets, which resemble the individuals BG evolution during infections. The models accurately simulated the ...
Birmingham has a strong track record of expertise in the use of cutting-edge genomics and metagenomics approaches to the diagnosis, treatment and surveillance of infectious disease. Recent work has included the development of novel sequencing and bioinformatics methods to aid the interpretation of genome and metagenome scale data generated in clinical and public health microbiology.. Following the outbreak of the Ebola crisis in West Africa, Professor Nick Loman of BHP founder member the University of Birmingham set out to create a mobile lab built around existing technology to transport to Africa. While the market-leading MinION technology had previously been used in investigations of a bacterial outbreak, Nicks lab set out to use it in the context of a viral outbreak for the first time. The team designed a laboratory protocol to permit EBOV genome sequencing on the MinION in order to isolate sufficient DNA for sequencing, and demonstrated proof of principle in pilot experiments at the ...
Written by admin at 12:08 am on 14th November, 2010 Health Technology For many healthcare professionals, keeping up with disease outbreaks just makes good sense for both home and work. Knowing whats going on in your area can help you keep yourself safe at work, help you spot potential victims of outbreaks when you see them and can also help you keep your family healthy. Here are 20 web apps that can help you track disease outbreaks.. ...
Reports have stated that an outbreak of the flu at the hospital of Cambridge has forced the closure of at least two wards for the time being.. About 60 patients were reported to have been affected and are physically ill as a result of this outbreak.. People have been told to keep away from the facility until the matter returns to a normal and safe zone again for them, as the facility is quite limited in assisting patients at the moment.. A spokesman for the Cambridge University Hospitals has announced that the cases for the flu outbreak are quite high, and added that department for emergencies are currently on full capacity.. ...
To make the world safer against future infectious disease threats, national health systems should be strengthened, the World Health Organizations emergency and outbreak response activities should be consolidated and bolstered, and research and development should be enhanced, says a new Policy Forum article that appears in the May 19 edition of PLOS Medicine.
A total of 175 waterborne outbreaks affecting 85,995 individuals were notified to the national outbreak surveillance systems in Denmark, Finland and Norway from 1998 to 2012, and in Sweden from 1998 to 2011. Between 4 and 18 outbreaks were reported each year during this period. Outbreaks occurred throughout the countries in all seasons, but were most common (n = 75/169, 44%) between June and August. Viruses belonging to the Caliciviridae family and Campylobacter were the pathogens most frequently involved, comprising n = 51 (41%) and n = 36 (29%) of all 123 outbreaks with known aetiology respectively. Although only a few outbreaks were caused by parasites (Giardia and/or Cryptosporidium), they accounted for the largest outbreaks reported during the study period, affecting up to 53,000 persons. Most outbreaks, 124 (76%) of those with a known water source (n = 163) were linked to groundwater. A large proportion of the outbreaks (n = 130/170, 76%) affected a small number of people (less than 100 per
An E. coli outbreak in Hildale, Utah that killed two children and originally sickened six has been updated by the Southwest Utah Public Health Department. Now eleven people have been sickened in this outbreak. On July 5, 2017, testing on the city water system was negative for the pathogenic bacteria. On July 7, 2017, the case number increased to nine. Officials were continuing to test the water. Also on July 7, 2017, the Health Department told residents of Hildale and surrounding areas to not consume any previously purchased ground beef until further notice. Ground beef has been linked to E. coli in the past, especially when the meat is not cooked to 160°F. Then on July 11, 2017, the Department announced that there were 11 confirmed cases of E. coli in this outbreak. Officials … [Read more...] ...
Ends -. Our academics can now be interviewed for broadcast via our Media Hub, which offers a Globelynx fixed camera and ISDN line facilities at University Park campus. For further information please contact a member of the Communications team on +44 (0)115 951 5798, email [email protected] or see the Globelynx website for how to register for this service.. For up to the minute media alerts, follow us on Twitter. Notes to editors: The University of Nottingham has 43,000 students and is the nearest Britain has to a truly global university, with campuses in China and Malaysia modelled on a headquarters that is among the most attractive in Britain (Times Good University Guide 2014). It is also the most popular university in the UK among graduate employers, in the top 10 for student experience according to the Times Higher Education and one of the worlds greenest universities. It is ranked in the worlds top 1% of universities by the QS World University Rankings.. Impact: The Nottingham ...
Swine flu containment measures failed to work as planned and may need to be revised ahead of any future pandemic, the WHO has said.
Over 1000 cases of illness have now been identified in a foodborne salmonellosis outbreak that began in mid-April 2008 in the United States.. As of July 8, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported 1013 confirmed infections throughout the United States, along with four cases in Canada. 203 hospitalizations have been linked to the outbreak. It has caused at least one death, and it may have been a contributing factor in another. The pathogen responsible is the rare Saintpaul strain of Salmonella enterica.. Nearly half of the reported illnesses were in Texas and New Mexico. According to unnamed sources close to the investigation, most illness clusters in the outbreak involve Mexican restaurants. Illness clusters in the hard hit state of Illinois were publicly identified by local health departments as involving three Mexican restaurants.. The CDC is in the process of investigating the outbreak and trying to identify the contaminations point of origin. The U.S. Food and Drug ...
LONDON - U.K. health officials are increasing their surveillance for any potential disease outbreaks that could disrupt the London Olympics this summer.. An estimated 3 million visitors are expected to descend on the city during July and August, bringing with them viruses and bacteria from around the world.. At a meeting Tuesday of international disease experts, some said even though an outbreak was unlikely, officials couldnt take the risk of not being prepared for the Olympics, which are taking place from July 27 to Aug. 12.. "No news will be good news," said John McConnell, editor of the Lancet Infectious Diseases, which co-sponsored the meeting on health in mass gatherings.. He said large sports events like the Olympics typically have not had major outbreaks in the past.. But to get ready, British health authorities are boosting checks for infectious diseases and increasing labs capacity to test samples. During the games, officials will get daily health reports on potential trouble spots ...
Enterovirus. Tuberculosis. Measles. SARS. Diverse strains of the flu and hepatitis. The rate of infectious disease outbreaks and the number of unique illnesses causing them is increasing around the globe, according to a new Brown University analysis of more than 12,000 outbreaks affecting 44 million people worldwide over the last 33 years. Menacing as that…
Dr. Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka who teaches Ugandans how to prevent disease outbreaks gives insights into the current novel coronavirus pandemic and how we can prevent future outbreaks
Officials of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned about a possible outbreak of Zika in US this summer.It is expected that small local outbreaks will occur with a score of cases. Aruba and Bonaire are the latest of 48 countries a
During epidemic outbreaks of infectious diseases, official figures on the spread of disease can often take weeks to be collected and released, delaying epidemiologic assessment. Informal media sources have been shown to be accurate metrics for "predicting present activity" in economics, sales, disease prevalence, and consumer activity. Recently, researchers looked into using similar methods in times of disease outbreak. They studied the correlation between formal government reported cholera cases and those collected by informal sources on the internet during the Haitian cholera outbreak of 2010. ...
My news alerts have been populated, lately, with numerous stories about pertussis outbreaks in the U.S. The biggest, currently, appears to be in Washington state, with over 1,100 cases so far this year, compared to a total of 961 cases of pertussis for all of 2011. But Washington isnt the only state seeing outbreaks of pertussis. Most likely due to a combination of lower vaccine uptake rates coupled with teens and adults skipping their pertussis boosters, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, New York, New Jersey and others are all seeing outbreaks of an easily preventable disease. As these news items have cropped up, I began to see a pattern, that what started in California two years ago is making its way eastward. Whether this pattern is real or just an artifact of news reports, Im not certain, but it did bring to mind a tool that is very helpful in examining progression of outbreaks from year to year ...
Is the U.S. prepared for a large-scale Ebola outbreak within the country? WSJs Betsy McKay reports on the News Hub with Simon Constable. Photo: istock/Narvikk
Three weeks ago I had an initial outbreak of what has been tested by a culture as HSV-2. The blood test has come back negative. I have been married for 21 years. He tested negative for HSV-1 and 2 in h...
ROCKVILLE, Md. -- Peanut Corporation of America, the company at the center of the ongoing salmonella outbreak, distributed peanut butter that had tested positive for the bacteria, according to the FDA
The recent outbreak of Swine influenza, by a new subtype of the A H1N1 virus, originated in Mexico and severe respiratory illness was first reported in March.. Cases have since been confirmed in the United States and Canada. On April 25, the World Health Organization reported the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.. Several countries have issued non-essential travel advisories to Mexico. Check your national public health agency for updated information.. The extent of the current outbreak in humans is still unknown; this new viral subtype has not been previously detected in pigs or humans. Swine flu is common in pig populations and the infection is known to be transmitted from pigs to humans. The search now, is for scientists and public health experts to figure out how this viral subtype jumped from pigs to humans and why it is spreading so quickly.. Traditionally, persons working in close contact with pigs such as farmers, veterinarians, and abattoir workers are at ...
These are the results of a research published on "Scientific Reports", a journal of the Nature Publishing Group, entitled "The nexus between forest fragmentation in Africa and Ebola virus disease outbreaks". The study has been coordinated by Maria Cristina Rulli (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy) and among its authors theres also researcher Monia Santini of CMCC Foundation - Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change, and researchers of Massey University (New Zealand) and University of California, Berkeley (CA, USA).. "We analyzed the impact of forest loss (and the impact of different types of deforestation) on these virus disease outbreaks - explains Monia Santini, researcher at the CMCC Scientific Division IAFES - Impacts on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services at Viterbo Headquarters."We found out that the centers of first infection were not located in areas where the average degree of deforestation was significantly higher than ...
The Agriculture Department says three California poultry processing facilities linked to a salmonella outbreak in raw chicken can stay open.
When an outbreak of foodborne infection is reported, one of the most important tasks facing investigators is to identify the microorganism responsible. But determining the species is often not enough. Outbreak strains of bacteria or viruses need to be characterised (typed and subtyped) in much greater detail, both to confirm that suspected cases are linked, and to help trace the outbreak back to its source. This can be done to some extent by phenotypic analysis, but today it is often genetic analysis that proves conclusive. Now the latest sequencing technology is promising to revolutionise the investigation of food poisoning outbreaks.. There are currently around 8,000 recognised species of bacteria, but only a relative handful, along with a few viruses and protozoa, are known to cause foodborne infections. When a probable food poisoning outbreak is reported, clues to the identity of the cause often lie in the patients symptoms. Analysis of clinical samples based on those clues can then isolate ...
Building on the training materials and feedback from journalists attending the workshops, the Health Toolbox will help increase accessibility and uptake of health knowledge, help monitor priority health issues, by creating links amongst members of the wider science-health journalism community through the Health Toolbox.. In its current version, the Health Toolbox is a free evidence-based online tool for Sub-Saharan African journalists to understand the science behind infectious diseases. It opens communication channels between African health experts and local journalists, helping to build trust and stronger relationships between them. The HealthToolbox also supports a move away from traditional practices and beliefs, to have a better science informed the general public.. The Health Toolbox has in its current version three (3) components:. ...
... , MS, Professor of Environmental Health Sciences at the UM SPH, is MDHs principal academic partner in the Center of Excellence (CoE). MDH has collaborated closely with Dr. Hedberg since he joined UM in 1999, resulting in 16 joint publications. Dr. Hedberg is one of the few Academics who has made foodborne illness surveillance and outbreak investigation a primary focus of research, teaching, and service. While at UM, Dr. Hedberg has authored or co-authored 52 peer-reviewed papers and several book chapters; most focused on the development, use, and evaluation of methods to improve outbreak investigations (bibliography). Specific focus areas have included the timeliness of surveillance and outbreak investigations; enhancement of outbreak detection algorithms; use of clinical and epidemiologic criteria to guide lab and environmental assessments in outbreak investigations; and development and use of improved exposure assessment and traceback methods. These studies were conducted in ...
Outbreak provides information about emergency responses to animal and plant pest and disease incursions that affect Australias agriculture industries and environment. Outbreak reports on exotic pests and diseases that have been detected in Australia but are under official national eradication programs.
This study empirically evaluates the effectiveness of different health care cost containment measures. The measures investigated were introduced in Germany in 1997 to reduce moral hazard and public he
Wisconsins new state veterinarian says shes ready to continue work that has helped keep some major animal-health outbreaks at bay in the state.. Darlene Konkle, who for the past year has served as the interim state veterinarian at the state Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, was named to the full-time role on Sept. 16 by DATCP secretary Brad Pfaff. She will replace Paul McGraw, who left the position in June of 2018.. "Were always on the lookout and always trying to provide outreach and information to the industry," Dr. Konkle said in a Mid-West Farm Report interview.. Dr. Konkle said awareness is a major part of keeping animal diseases under control, and that prevention can be as simple as washing hands.. Premises identification, which Dr. Konkle said has been big in helping contain diseases when there have been disease outbreaks, is a program she said is important in animal-health programs.. "I cant really overstate how big that program has been to us in helping us ...
COST CONTAINMENT MEASURES. OFFICE OF THE ACCOUNTANT-GENERAL. Presenter: Jonas Shai | Office of the Accountant General, RMS | August 2014. Spirit of the Instruction. Outline. Background Current Climate Why the CRO and Expectation Treasury Instruction Conclusion. Background. Slideshow...
Start Over You searched for: Authors Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731 ✖Remove constraint Authors: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731 Subjects Disease Outbreaks ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Disease Outbreaks Subjects History, 17th Century ✖Remove constraint Subjects: History, 17th Century Titles A short account of the progress and effects of the plague, which prevailed in the city of London, in the year 1665 ✖Remove constraint Titles: A short account of the progress and effects of the plague, which prevailed in the city of London, in the year 1665 ...
Having a practiced emergency action plan in place will increase your success in managing a potential crisis or communicable disease outbreak within your program.
In May 2013, a European alert was issued regarding a hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak in Italy. In June 2013, HAV subgenotype IA with an identical sequence was identified in Ireland in three cases who had not travelled to Italy. The investigation consisted of descriptive epidemiology, a case-control study, microbiological testing of human and food specimens, molecular typing of positive specimens and food traceback. We identified 21 outbreak cases (14 confirmed primary cases) with symptom onset between 31 January and 11 October 2013. For the case-control study, we recruited 11 confirmed primary cases and 42 matched controls. Cases were more likely than controls to have eaten berry cheesecake (matched odds ratio (mOR):?12; 95% confidence interval (CI):?1.3-114), whole frozen berries (mOR: 9.5; 95% CI: 1.0-89), yoghurt containing frozen berries (mOR:?6.6, 95% CI:?1.2-37) or raw celery (mOR:?4; 95% CI: 1.2-16). Among cases, 91% had consumed at least one of four products containing frozen berries (mOR:?12;
Start Over You searched for: Formats Text ✖Remove constraint Formats: Text Collections Medicine in the Americas, 1610-1920 ✖Remove constraint Collections: Medicine in the Americas, 1610-1920 Languages French ✖Remove constraint Languages: French Subjects Disease Outbreaks ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Disease Outbreaks ...
Is the shelter you work with prepared to manage an infectious disease outbreak? From before an outbreak to after its contained, here are the steps you need to take.
puddingebola writes From the article: A potentially deadly superbug resistant to antibiotics has infected seven patients, including two who died, and more than 160 others were exposed at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center through contaminated medical instruments, the hospital revealed. The drug-re...
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - A tuberculosis outbreak among elderly Hmong residents of Minnesota is proving deadly and costly, in part due to antibiotic resistance.
The detrimental effects of stress and social/self-stigmatization are many, but one of particular importance is stresss direct effect on HSV outbreaks. Many studies report a positive correlation between increased stress levels (caused by stigmatization or physiological factors concerning the virus, e.g., pain) and the number and magnitude of HSV outbreaks experienced. The more stress a person experiences, particularly if one has poor stress coping skills, the more outbreaks the person has. These recurrent outbreaks can then cause a person to experience more stress. Thus, people living with Herpes may easily fall into a vicious and self-perpetuating cycle of outbreaks that may be difficult to stop. Because of the qualitative nature of these studies, it is impossible to infer that high levels of stigmatization or stress actually cause outbreaks. It may be the case that outbreaks cause an increase in cortical levels (the hormone that is associated with stress), consequently increasing negative ...
Patient-to-patient transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) can occur as the result of routine clinical practices incorrectly thought to be risk-free. A review of 33 HBV outbreaks, published in the open access journal BMC Medicine, has shown that the most frequent HBV transmission routes are administration of drugs using multi-vial compounds and capillary blood sampling (e.g. for glucose monitoring) using non-disposable devices.. Simone Lanini led a team of researchers from the Istituto Nazionale per le Malattie Infettive Lazzaro Spallanzani, Rome, who performed a systematic review of HBV outbreaks published between 1992 and 2007 within the European Union and the United States. Lanini said, "HBV remains an important cause of liver disease in developed countries. Moreover, the virus has long been recognized as one of the most insidious viral agents within healthcare settings, and in fact a number of HBV outbreaks in healthcare are reported yearly in the USA and the European Union".. The authors ...
Vaginal herpes pushes might not be an equal for everybody, but then below are a few a reality pushes on to only to on to avoid:. Hormone changes, desire those who get there through the menstrual period, make a difference vaginal herpes outbreaks. Digesting anxiety and stress here at healthful moves is known to smaller sized so how quite often youve got a young vaginal herpes outbreak. Ensure that your nutrition should include all of the diet plan our body beginning to hold on you heading ensemble. The majority people who have herpes have got outbreaks multi scenarios in a single 1 year, by having itchy, unappealing sores and then blisters. Your bodys disease fighting capability will help you overcome aside the potential pathogen and then retain outbreaks , due to the fact sugars suppresses your bodys lamp arteries tissue out on conducting his / her effort because pathogen killers. Has the ability to drinking particular foods be of assistance Heal & stop a minor Herpes Outbreak? Amongst herpes ...
Coming soon: Swine Flu 2009 - the sequel. Major outbreaks around the world lend credence to the theory that a second, and perhaps more dangerous, round of the pandemic will strike the United States this fall. Flu viruses are unpredictable, which puts federal health officials in a difficult spot. The government has the ability to vaccinate virtually every American in the months ahead. But that could cost as much as $8 billion, and it would not be without risk, since every vaccine carries the potential for side effects. Despite the risks, U.S. health officials should ramp up vaccine production. A pandemic could result in tens of thousands of deaths and hundreds of thousands of hospitalizations, costing an estimated $450billion. That would dwarf the expense of vaccinations. And theres reason to believe that the side effects of this vaccine will be minimal, given the safety of vaccines for previous strains of this virus. Its maddening that it still takes months to develop and produce flu vaccines ...
When people started to show up to Dr. William Cookes primary care office in Austin, Ind., in 2014 with HIV, Cooke knew it was probably related to the regions opioid epidemic. But what he and the rest of the public health community didnt know was who they were missing or how long the HIV outbreak had been going on.. Now theyve got a clearer picture - literally. In visualizations published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, dots and lines define the constellations of Indianas HIV outbreak. Using genetic sequencing, they show how long the outbreak had been going on, connected people who hadnt previously been linked by traditional methods, and showed how the virus jumped from a slowly spreading infection to a virus transmitted quickly via needle sharing and other, smaller sub-epidemics.. Genetic data has been used to track HIV before. But now, the technology is being used to map HIV outbreaks in real time, lending molecular weight to the in-person interviews that public health officials ...
A mathematical tool used by the FBI and Metropolitan Police has been adapted by researchers at Queen Mary University of London to help control outbreaks of malaria, and has the potential to target other diseases.
Each year in the United States, ∼260,000 people get sick from contaminated fish. Fish is also the most commonly implicated food category in outbreaks. We reviewed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System for outbreaks resulting from consumption of fish during the period 1998-2015. We found 857 outbreaks associated with fish, resulting in 4815 illnesses, 359 hospitalizations, and 4 deaths. The median number of illnesses per outbreak was three (range: 2-425). The annual number of fish-associated outbreaks declined from an average of 62 per year during the period 1998-2006 to 34 per year during the period 2007-2015. Hawaii (221 outbreaks [26%]) and Florida (203 [24%]) reported the most outbreaks. Among 637 outbreaks (74%) with a confirmed etiology, scombrotoxin (349 [55%]) and ciguatoxin (227 [36%]) were by far most common. Most outbreak-associated illnesses were caused by scombrotoxin (1299 [34%]), Salmonella (978 [26%]), and ciguatoxin (894 ...
Matthew Ferrari, Pennsylvania State University. An outbreak of measles that began in early 2019 in the southeast corner of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has now spread to all 26 provinces. Over 180,000 cases and more than 3,000 deaths have been reported. The outbreak has disproportionately affected young children under five years of age. Similar outbreaks occurred previously in the DRC in 2011 and again in 2015. This is the largest and most fatal of the large measles outbreaks across the world this year. These have occurred in the Ukraine, Philippines, Brazil, US, New Zealand, Madagascar and Nigeria. While the details of each individual outbreak vary, the root cause of measles outbreaks is always the same: too few children receive timely and effective vaccination.. The outbreak in the DRC highlights all of the various causes for episodic measles outbreaks. The delivery of measles vaccine in endemic areas must contend with a biological catch-22. From birth to about nine months of ...
BERKOWITZ, A et al. Description of the pathology of a gazelle that died during a major outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in Israel. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. [online]. 2010, vol.81, n.1, pp.62-64. ISSN 2224-9435.. Naturally occurring foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in wildlife is a relatively mild condition but occasionally it can be devastating as has been documented in impala in South Africa and in mountain gazelles in Israel. This report describes pathological changes in an adult male gazelle with FMD from an outbreak in the Nature Reserve of Ramot-Issachar region and the lower Galilee in Israel. The outbreak was characterised by the malignant form of the disease, which is uncommon among domestic animals. Lesions observed included, ulceration in the oral cavity, oesophagus and ruminal pillars, coronitis, multifocal cardiac necrosis and pancreatic necrosis and inflammation. Pneumonia, caused by Muellerius capillaries was an incidental finding.. Palavras-chave : foot-and-mouth disease; Gazella ...
Outbreaks of Norwalk gastroenteritis, which may involve persons of all ages, occur during all seasons and in various locations. Waterborne, foodborne, and person-to-person modes of transmission have been described, and secondary person-to-person transmission is common. Outbreaks generally end in about 1 week; longer outbreaks occur only when new groups of susceptible persons are introduced, usually in the setting of a persistent common source of infection. The illness is generally mild and characterized by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Vomiting is the predominant symptom among children, whereas diarrhea is commoner among adults. Forty-two percent of 74 outbreaks of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis investigated by the Centers for Disease Control from 1976 to 1980 were attributed to the Norwalk virus. The rest resembled Norwalk outbreaks clinically and epidemiologically and were probably caused by 27-nm viral agents similar to the Norwalk virus. ...
MANHATTAN - A research project in the Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine presents the largest model to date for evaluating the impact and control of a potential outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in livestock.. Mike Sanderson, professor of epidemiology in the colleges diagnostic medicine and pathobiology department, and Sara McReynolds, a former graduate student of Sandersons, published the results of their research in the December issue of the journal Preventive Veterinary Medicine.. The researchers developed simulation models to assess the impact of livestock herd types and vaccination on foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks using the North American Animal Disease Spread Model. In this study, potential foot-and-mouth disease virus outbreaks in the central region of the U.S. were simulated to compare different vaccination strategies to a depopulation-only scenario. Their work received funding from the U.S. Department of Homeland Securitys Foreign Animal Disease Zoonotic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparative analysis of subtyping methods against a whole-genome-sequencing standard for Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis. AU - Deng, Xiangyu. AU - Shariat, Nikki. AU - Driebe, Elizabeth M.. AU - Roe, Chandler C.. AU - Tolar, Beth. AU - Trees, Eija. AU - Keim, Paul S. AU - Zhang, Wei. AU - Dudley, Edward G.. AU - Fields, Patricia I.. AU - Engelthaler, David M.. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. N2 - A retrospective investigation was performed to evaluate whole-genome sequencing as a benchmark for comparing molecular subtyping methods for Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis and survey the population structure of commonly encountered S. enterica serotype Enteritidis outbreak isolates in the United States. A total of 52 S. enterica serotype Enteritidis isolates representing 16 major outbreaks and three sporadic cases collected between 2001 and 2012 were sequenced and subjected to subtyping by four different methods: (i) whole-genome single-nucleotide-polymorphism typing ...
Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious disease of many avian species and is particularly responsible for devastating disease outbreaks in commercial poultry flocks in Pakistan that incur huge economic losses to the national poultry industry annually. Despite implementation of an extensive vaccination program for poultry birds, the disease appears in an endemic form in commercial broiler and layer poultry farms. This study was conducted to identify the prevalent velogenic NDV strain responsible for disease outbreaks in commercial poultry farms in Punjab, Pakistan. The NDV strains isolated from pathological specimens through inoculation in embryonated chicken eggs were characterized biologically through the intracerebral pathogenicity index (ICPI), and genetically on the basis of the fusion (F) protein cleavage site. Among these, six NDV isolates showed an F protein cleavage site motif (112RRQKRF117) and an ICPI value ranging between 1.5 and 1.88, both are characteristics for velogenic ...
Background Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C (NmC) outbreaks occur infrequently in the African meningitis belt; the most recent report of an outbreak of this serogroup was in Burkina Faso, 1979. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) has been responding to outbreaks of meningitis in northwest Nigeria since 2007 with no reported cases of serogroup C from 2007-2012. MenAfrivac®, a serogroup A conjugate vaccine, was first used for mass vaccination in northwest Nigeria in late 2012. Reactive vaccination using polysaccharide ACYW135 vaccine was done by MSF in parts of the region in 2008 and 2009; no other vaccination campaigns are known to have occurred in the area during this period. We describe the general characteristics of an outbreak due to a novel strain of NmC in Sokoto State, Nigeria, in 2013, and a smaller outbreak in 2014 in the adjacent state, Kebbi. Methods Information on cases and deaths was collected using a standard line-list during each week of each meningitis outbreak in 2013 and 2014 in ...
Background: Serogroup B meningococcal disease is a life-threatening illness for which asymptomatic carriers are the primary source of transmission. While immunogenicity data suggest serogroup B vaccines (3-dose MenB-FHbp [Trumenba®] and 2-dose MenB-4C [Bexsero®]) protect individuals from disease, few data exist on whether these vaccines reduce meningococcal carriage and promote herd immunity. We assessed carriage following these vaccines use in response to a serogroup B meningococcal disease outbreak at an Oregon university. Methods: A convenience sample of students recommended for serogroup B vaccination provided oropharyngeal swabs and completed questionnaires assessing carriage risk factors during three carriage surveys conducted during serogroup B vaccination campaigns at the university. Isolates were tested by real-time PCR, slide agglutination, and whole genome sequencing. Vaccination was verified via university records and the state immunization registry. Prevalence ratios (PR) were ...
Recorded outbreaks[edit]. Marburg virus disease (MVD) outbreaks due to Marburg virus (MARV) infection Year Geographic location ... "Marburg virus disease - Uganda Disease outbreak news". October 25, 2017.. *^ Pringle, C. R. (2005). "Order Mononegavirales". In ... Human disease[edit]. Main article: Marburg virus disease. MARV is one of two Marburg viruses that causes Marburg virus disease ... US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Bioterrorism Agents/Diseases". Archived from the original on 2014-07-22. ...
All human societies have medical beliefs - birth, death, disease and cures are explained in some manner. Historically, ... History of emerging infectious diseases. *Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western ... Disease outbreaks‎ (12 C, 7 P). P. *. ► History of pharmacy‎ (6 C, 49 P) ...
"Bat-transmitted Human Rabies Outbreaks, Brazilian Amazon". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 12 (8): 1197-1202. doi:10.3201/ ... It is believed that the civilization was later devastated by the spread of diseases from Europe, such as smallpox.[23] ... There are also numerous parasites and disease vectors. Vampire bats dwell in the rainforest and can spread the rabies virus.[40 ...
Qureshi, Adnan (2016). Ebola Virus Disease: From Origin to Outbreak. London: Academic Press. p. 62. ISBN 0128042303.. ... The 1972 outbreak of smallpox in Yugoslavia was the final outbreak of smallpox in Europe. The WHO fought the outbreak with ... "Regulations to control communicable diseases". gpo.gov. Retrieved 30 Oct 2014.. *^ "Specific Laws and Regulations Governing the ... however its marine hospital only qualified as a contagious disease facility to handle less virulent diseases like measles, ...
However, the disease has continued to spread; outbreaks were reported in Asia again in 2003. On December 21, 2009 the WHO ... Exotic Animal Disease Generic Contingency Plan - DEFRA generic contingency plan for controlling and eradicating an outbreak of ... This panzootic (a disease affecting animals of many species, especially over a wide area) outbreak was stopped by the killing ... Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy Avian Influenza (Bird Flu): Implications for Human Disease - An overview of ...
2009). "Oropouche Fever Outbreak, Manaus, Brazil, 2007-2008" (PDF). Emerging Infectious Diseases. 15 (12): 2063-2064. doi: ... The virus would cause Oropouche fever, an urban arboviral disease that has since resulted in >30 epidemics during 1960-2009. ... 2005). "Oropouche virus isolation, southeast Brazil" (PDF). Emerging Infectious Diseases. 11 (10): 1610-1613. doi:10.3201/ ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. 17 (5): 800-806. doi:10.3201/eid1705.101333. ISSN 1080-6040. Nunes, Marcio Roberto Teixeira; et ...
As such, fire and disease outbreaks were constant concerns. Since the late 1990s, Saudi authorities have started using ...
Financial cutbacks have limited the tracking of disease outbreaks. Some outbreaks, such as food poisoning due to E. coli or ... Biosurveillance is the science of real-time disease outbreak detection. Its principles apply to both natural and man-made ... Real-time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance Laboratory, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-03, retrieved 2009-05-22. ... Real-Time Outbreak Disease Surveillance). RODS is designed to draw collect data from many data sources and use them to perform ...
"Multistate Outbreak of Infections Caused by Elizabethkingia anophelis". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). March ... "Recent Outbreaks". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). June 16, 2016. Retrieved September 18, 2016. ... An outbreak centered in Wisconsin began in early November 2015, with 48 people confirmed infected in 12 counties and at least ... E. anophelis has been reported to cause neonatal meningitis in the Central African Republic, and a nosocomial outbreak has been ...
Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks due to Sudan virus (SUDV) infection Year Geographic location Human cases/deaths (case- ... Disease[edit]. SUDV is one of four ebolaviruses that causes Ebola virus disease (EVD) in humans (in the literature also often ... see Ebola virus disease). In the past, SUDV has caused the following EVD outbreaks:[citation needed] ... "Ebola outbreak: DR Congo confirms two deaths". BBC. 2014-08-24.. *^ Towner, J. S.; Amman, B. R.; Sealy, T. K.; Carroll, S. A. R ...
Outbreaks of disease may occur in childcare settings and schools. It is also relatively common among travelers. In the United ... vaccination to prevent the disease should be feasible. Shigellosis is resistant to many antibiotics used to treat the disease, ... US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Shigella - Shigellosis". Archived from the original on 24 July 2016. Retrieved ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on 8 February 2016. Christopher, Prince RH; David, ...
For example, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (9 April 2010). "2009 H1N1 Flu:Situation Update". Centers for Disease ... The initial outbreak of a novel swine-origin H1N1 flu pandemic in 2009 and the virus strain that caused it were called by many ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 21 April 2009. MacKenzie, Debora (27 May 2009). "Deadly new flu virus in US and ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. May 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-08. "Some immunity to novel H1N1 flu found in ...
"Disease Outbreak News". www.who.int. 8 Oct 2014. "Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) - Republic of Korea ... such as heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, respiratory disease, the immunosuppressed, and the elderly, avoid any close ... Viruses portal European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Novel virus Outbreak Rousettus bat coronavirus HKU9 Super- ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) list MERS as transmissible from human-to-human. From their FAQ, in answer ...
The outbreak began on 8 January with unvaccinated individuals acquiring the disease whilst traveling to France, a country with ... Disease outbreaks also caused casualties in nearby countries including Ireland. In 2008, for the first time in 14 years, ... An outbreak in 2015 had more than 1,700 cases had been reported by May 11 with one death. In September 2008 an outbreak ... Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Measles Outbreaks in Canada, Canada Communicable Disease Report, Endorsed by Chief ...
Originally a disease of fowl in Europe, it was first recorded in North America in 1943-44. Since then outbreaks have been ... Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 42: 81-91. *^ K.R. Rhoades and R.B. Rimler, Avian pasteurellosis, in "Diseases of poultry", ed. ... Outbreaks occur in cold and wet weather (in late summer, fall and winter). The outbreaks are often traced back to the presence ... Persistence of Pasteurella multocida in Wetlands Following Avian Cholera Outbreaks. Journal of Wildlife Disease. 42: 33-39 ...
... the linking of human disease outbreaks to locust plagues was widespread. A pestilence in the northwestern provinces of China in ... The outbreak was contained and the elephants, hippopotamuses, and giraffes present in the area were unharmed.[40] ... The first outbreaks occurred in Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Sudan in 2003. The rain allowed swarms to develop and move north ... "The Desert Locust Outbreak in West Africa". OECD. 23 September 2004. Retrieved 3 July 2015.. ...
Valley fever outbreak[edit]. An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever ... This respiratory disease is caused by inhaling airborne spores of fungus. The 203 cases reported, of which three resulted in ... "Coccidioidmycosis Outbreak". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02.. ... This was the first report of such an outbreak following an earthquake, and it is believed that the spores were carried in large ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Known Cases and Outbreaks of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, in Chronological Order", ... Official site Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Known Cases and Outbreaks of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, in ... infectious disease and neurodegenerative disease. In August 2008 it purchased early drug development facilities in Greenfield, ... The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 179, Supplement 1. Ebola: The Virus and the Disease (Feb., 1999), pp. S108-S114/ " ...
Ridley attacks the panicky handling of prion disease outbreaks by governments. Chapter 21, Eugenics. Eugenics a century ago, ... It might be possible to prevent or cure Alzheimer's disease and coronary heart disease. APO genes like APOE influence fat and ... Chapter 9, Disease. For chromosome 9, the book examines the discussion of the blood-typing genetic sequences. Namely, the ABO ... The sheep brain disease scrapie appeared to be infectious but did not involve a microorganism. The disaster of Creutzfeldt- ...
"Congo virus: Doctors warn against outbreak of disease". The Express Tribune. 17 August 2016. Archived from the original on 6 ... Ribavirin is effective in vitro[18] and has been used by mouth during outbreaks,[citation needed] but there is no trial ... Outbreaks[edit]. From 1995 to 2013, 228 cases of CCHF were reported in the Republic of Kosovo, with a case-fatality rate of ... Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral disease.[1] Symptoms of CCHF may include fever, muscle pains, headache, ...
... in those with celiac disease). Crohn's disease is also a non-infectious source of (often severe) gastroenteritis.[1] Disease ... Norovirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis among adults in America, causing greater than 90% of outbreaks.[18] These ... Whipple's disease, coeliac disease, and laxative abuse should also be considered.[42] The differential diagnosis can be ... "The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 203 (2): 188-95. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiq031. PMC 3071058 . PMID 21288818.. ...
"Myrtle Rust National Host List". National pests & disease outbreaks. Retrieved 30 November 2011. Carnegie, AJ Amrit Kathuria, ... Initially, the disease appears as small purple or red brown flecks with a faint chlorotic halo on the leaf surface, which ... "Serious fungal plant disease found on Raoul Island trees". 4 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017. "Myrtle rust". 11 May 2017. ... The New South Wales government spent $5 million attempting to eradicate the disease. However, efforts to contain it failed and ...
Ellis, John A. (2006). "Outbreak! How can we approach emerging diseases?" (PDF). Proceedings of the North American Veterinary ... This causes a much more severe disease than either virus can separately. However, fatal intestinal disease associated with ... The disease is highly contagious and is spread through the feces of infected dogs, who usually shed the virus for six to nine ... Intestinal disease may be related to virus-induced apoptosis (programmed cell death) of cells of the epithelial mucosa of the ...
A Dengue fever outbreak in 2016 killed 20 patients. Cases of the disease were reported from all 12 districts of Ouagadougou.[ ...
These outbreaks can be "...decades apart, with no or very few cases identified in between". MVEV is a mosquito-borne virus that ... Of those who contract MVE, one-quarter die from the disease. The scientific study of the genetics of MVEV has been facilitated ... When a patient appears to show MVE symptoms and has been in an MVE-endemic area during the wet season, when outbreaks usually ... The majority of MVEV infections are sub-clinical, i.e. do not produce disease symptoms, although some people may experience a ...
It was also used along with cidofovirinfor the 2003 Midwest monkeypox outbreak as concomitant therapy to reduce the serious ... Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases. Volume 14, Issue 3, July 2003, Pages 189-195 Frelinger JA, Garba ML. Responses to ... Monkeypox Technical Background and Outbreak Implications for Bioterrorism Preparedness. Congressional Research Service, Report ... These include postvaccinial central nervous system disease, progressive vaccinia, eczema vaccinatum, accidental implantations ...
"Ash disease outbreaks in Northern Ireland stand at 16". BBC News. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2013.. ... Comparisons have been made to the outbreak of Dutch elm disease in the 1960s and 1970s.[38] Currently it is estimated that ... A Lithuanian trial searching for disease-resistance resulted in the selection of fifty disease-resistant trees for the ... Hymenoscyphus fraxineus is an Ascomycete fungus that causes ash dieback, a chronic fungal disease of ash trees in Europe ...
See also: Polyhexamethylene guanidine § South Korean lung disease outbreak and deaths. In 2001 Reckitt Benckiser acquired the ... In 2011 the use of PHMG was dropped when the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) published a report showing ... a treatment for heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease. In his introduction, reporter Martin Shankleman said, "Gaviscon ...
... Leading illness experts at Irwin ... Mitchell are concerned to hear about an outbreak of the potentially fatal Legionnaires Disease at the SuperMedia Hotel and ... If you have also suffered from symptoms relating to Legionnaires Disease or even abroad on holiday, Irwin Mitchell would like ... The symptoms of Legionnaires disease are similar to those of influenza such as a high temperature, fever, nausea, vomiting, ...
We assessed carriage following these vaccines use in response to a serogroup B meningococcal disease outbreak at an Oregon ... Meningococcal Carriage Evaluation in Response to a Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease Outbreak and Mass Vaccination Campaign at ... Meningitis and Vaccine Preventable Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA ... Background: Serogroup B meningococcal disease is a life-threatening illness for which asymptomatic carriers are the primary ...
Outbreak of Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella Infections Linked to Raw Turkey Products ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... Previous Outbreaksplus icon * 2019 Outbreaksplus icon * Salmonella Infections Linked to Cut Fruitplus icon *Map of Reported ... Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases ( ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... MMWR: 2017 Outbreaks. *Measles Outbreak - Minnesota April-May 2017. MMWR. July 14, 2017. In a community with previously high ... This outbreak demonstrates the ease with which measles can be imported from a country with an ongoing outbreak and spread among ... MMWR: 2016 Outbreaks. *Notes from the Field: Measles Outbreak at a United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement Facility ...
Epidemiologists know that disease outbreaks change mobility patterns, but until now have been unable to track these patterns in ... He saw a clear reduction in peoples movement, which may have been due to the disease. But the outbreak was caused by floods, ... YOUR cellphone could be a key tool in the fight against disease by relaying a telltale signature of illness to doctors and ... Public health officials could also use the technique to spot emerging outbreaks of illness ahead of conventional detection ...
How common are waterborne disease outbreaks associated with drinking water in the United States, and what are the most commonly ... CDC collects data on waterborne disease outbreaks submitted from all states and territories through the National Outbreak ... and factors leading to waterborne disease outbreaks. Outbreaks are assigned one or more deficiency classifications based on ... Table 1. Waterborne disease outbreaks associated with drinking water (N = 42), by state/jurisdiction and month of first case ...
A recent article in Discovery News reports that some experts have come to suspect that the diseases spurring these population ... Researchers list a number of potential factors that might be causing these species to be more susceptible to disease, like ... "It appears that many species are under an immense amount of stress, allowing opportunistic diseases to take hold," Rob Mies, ... Frog populations have seen an increased number of deaths due to a fungal disease. And honeybee populations have also been in ...
Infectious diseases, from antibiotic-resistant superbugs to Salmonella to the seasonal flu, threaten the health and well-being ... The Outbreaks: Protecting Americans from Infectious Diseases report by Trust for Americas Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood ... and treat infectious disease outbreaks because of outdated systems and limited resources. ... Infectious diseases, from antibiotic-resistant superbugs to Salmonella to the seasonal flu, threaten the health and well-being ...
... told the NewsHour outbreaks of disease could quickly exacerbate problems for already overwhelmed emergency health facilities in ... Haiti at Risk for Disease Outbreaks. Health Jan 14, 2010 1:49 PM EST Treating the injured is still the first priority in Port ... "If we allow [disease outbreaks] to happen on a large scale it will be very hard to control," he said. ... told the NewsHour outbreaks of disease could quickly exacerbate problems for already overwhelmed emergency health facilities in ...
... like these five diseases which have accounted for some of the scariest and deadliest outbreaks. ... Population rise is likely to increase the rate of outbreaks of new infectious diseases, ...
... By Thomas Lifson. There are serious worries in Texas and beyond over the ... Agents are worrying about a viral outbreak.. "We are sending people everywhere. The average person doesnt know whats going on ... Agents are worrying about a viral outbreak.. "We are sending people everywhere. The average person doesnt know whats going on ... "Theres been an outbreak of scabies thats been going on for the past month," Cabrera said. ...
... the number of disease outbreaks has increased, as has the number of diseases causing them - infections from animals are a big ... Only some of the increase seems to be down to improved reporting of disease. "We see more outbreaks over time, even after ... The number of diseases causing those outbreaks has also increased - by about 20 per cent. ... The team developed software to extract quantitative disease information from the records of more than 12,000 outbreaks of 215 ...
Cramped living conditions, limited clean water, and poor sanitation increases the risk of diarrhoea and other disease outbreaks ...
... wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/conditions/waterborne-disease-outbreak/case-definition/2010/) * Waterborne Disease Outbreak , 1990 Case ... wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/conditions/waterborne-disease-outbreak/case-definition/1990/) ... Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Office of Public Health Scientific Services (OPHSS). Center for ...
A team of scientists was able to predict influenza outbreaks in the U.S., Poland, Japan and Thailand by tracking page views on ... Wikipedia-Based Tracking Model Could Predict Disease Outbreaks: Study. By Avaneesh Pandey @avaneeshp88 On 11/14/14 AT 3:06 AM. ... Wikipedia page views could, in the future, become an important tool in predicting disease outbreaks, according to the findings ... argued that Wikipedia traffic data could also be used to estimate the current rates of disease outbreaks across the world. ...
In addition to immediate dangers like drowning, the potential for widespread disease outbreaks is worrisome. ... Angola still suffering from cholera outbreak. As I described previously in this post, war and disease are inextricably ... In addition to immediate dangers like drowning, the potential for widespread disease outbreaks is worrisome. ... If a government were failing to alert its citizens to an outbreak of a disease like cholera for PR reasons, that would be a ...
... there is a case of swine flu nearby can now find out instantly with a new program that tracks outbreaks of infectious diseases. ... HealthMap, founded in 2006, tracks and maps infectious disease outbreaks through news reports, personal accounts, official ... enables users to track and report outbreaks of infectious diseases such as swine flu in real time.. It is available for free ... Users can also set alerts to be notified on their iPhone or by e-mail when new outbreaks are reported nearby.. "We hope ...
... officials to inspect a large banana plantation in Chiang Rai province after a report of an outbreak of Panama disease, which is ... "If it is Panama disease as feared, the department will announce the area as an outbreak control zone and all plant movement and ... Panama disease outbreak reported 2,000-rai plantation in Chiang Rai at risk ... making the crops more prone to outbreaks of disease.. The Phaya Mengrai district plantation first made the news about three ...
Before the 2014 Ebola outbreak there had been 22 previous outbreaks of the disease. All of those were put to bed quickly ... what better way to prepare for an outbreak of a new disease with similar characteristics than to tackle the disease in front of ... Everything that we will need to do for a future outbreak of Disease X we need to do today for TB, he says. ... Among the diseases whose deadly potential we already know about - such as Ebola and Lassa fever - WHO also listed Disease X. ...
... represents preventable outbreaks, specifically of diseases with vaccinations. &... ... preventable outbreaks - This data visualization from the CFR (Council on Foreign Relations) ... specifically of diseases with vaccinations. Vaccine-Preventable Outbreaks shows the number of cases by disease as well as the ... Stats for Disease Data Visualizations Trending: Older & Warm. Research: 1,815 clicks in 196 w Interest: 0.8 minutes Concept: ...
In the event of an influenza pandemic or other communicable disease situation, [Name of Company] may implement these social ... distancing guidelines to minimize the spread of the influenza and other communicable diseases among the staff. ...
... rapidly reduced costs of next-generation DNA sequencing to better inform public health officials faced with ongoing outbreaks. ... To combat disease outbreaks, public health officials often use painstaking fieldwork to try to stay one step ahead of the ... New tool advances investigations of disease outbreaks. Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press) ... New tool advances investigations of disease outbreaks This week in Molecular Biology and Evolution ...
... June 20, 2019. ASSOCIATED PRESS ... "This is the largest animal disease outbreak in history," said Dirk Pfieffer, a veterinary epidemiologist at the City University ... Since China first reported an outbreak in early August, 1 million pigs have been culled. It has reported 139 outbreaks all but ... hampering joint work on stemming the spread of the disease following an outbreak near North Koreas border with China. ...
... but many states face difficulties quickly responding to outbreaks. ... As the Ebola outbreak in West Africa led many to be concerned about U.S. capability to respond to its infectious disease ... How Prepared Are States for Infectious Disease Outbreaks? A new report shows signs of progress, particularly in public health ... "But we also saw during the recent Ebola outbreak that some of the most basic infectious disease controls failed when tested." ...
Halting infectious disease outbreaks at their points of origin is one of the best and most economical ways of saving lives and ... Responding to International Outbreaks of Infectious Disease Office of International Health and Biodefense ... Effective outbreak response requires preparedness efforts that incorporate lessons learned from past outbreaks. IHB ... government resources and personnel in future outbreaks. Preparedness is critical to responding to outbreaks quickly and ...
  • Background: Serogroup B meningococcal disease is a life-threatening illness for which asymptomatic carriers are the primary source of transmission. (confex.com)
  • While immunogenicity data suggest serogroup B vaccines (3-dose MenB-FHbp [Trumenba®] and 2-dose MenB-4C [Bexsero®]) protect individuals from disease, few data exist on whether these vaccines reduce meningococcal carriage and promote herd immunity. (confex.com)
  • We assessed carriage following these vaccines' use in response to a serogroup B meningococcal disease outbreak at an Oregon university. (confex.com)
  • Over the last decade, we have seen dramatic improvements in state and local capacity to respond to outbreaks and emergencies," said Jeffrey Levi, executive director of the Trust, in a statement. (governing.com)
  • Warren further promises to work with Congress to replenish funding for the Department of Health and Human Services' Public Health Emergency Fund to better respond to outbreaks and to create a Global Health Security Corps that will "ensure that we can get the right expertise to the center of an outbreak before it becomes an epidemic. (sfgate.com)
  • The Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit is one of 10 regional centers across the country designed to respond to outbreaks of highly infectious diseases or bioterrorism attacks - whether from Ebola or the acute respiratory syndromes SARS or MERS. (baltimoresun.com)
  • This includes developing protocols, agreements, and standard operating procedures to facilitate international deployment of U.S. government resources and personnel in future outbreaks. (state.gov)
  • We asked Gladys for insights into the current novel coronavirus pandemic and how we can prevent future outbreaks. (ashoka.org)
  • Based on this comparison, the researchers found that, in eight out of 14 cases, there was a clear increase in page views nearly a month before an official declaration of an outbreak. (ibtimes.com)
  • The researchers claimed that Wikipedia is the best bet to create an Internet-based model to predict outbreaks because data on Wikipedia page views are publicly available. (ibtimes.com)
  • Outbreaks Near Me" is an application for the popular smartphone developed by researchers at Children's Hospital Boston in collaboration with the Media Lab of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (newsmax.com)
  • University of Guelph researchers have received a $375,000 Health Canada grant to develop a database program to help pinpoint causes of disease outbreaks. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Ultimately, the researchers determined that the Massachusetts mumps cases were closely related to a 2006 mumps outbreak and that the virus was largely domestic rather than imported from other countries. (reuters.com)
  • The rising number of unvaccinated children in the United States increases the risk of vaccine -preventable infectious disease outbreaks, researchers warn. (medicinenet.com)
  • Aside from inflicting devastating natural disasters on often vulnerable communities, climate change can also spur outbreaks of infectious diseases like Zika , malaria and dengue fever, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus . (enn.com)
  • In Spillover, David Quammen follows researchers on the trail of different zoonosis back to the origin of the outbreaks in remote places. (earthisland.org)
  • he follows researchers on the trail of different zoonosis back to the origin of the outbreaks in remote places - from the Ganges Delta in Bangladesh in search of the Nipah virus, to deep into the forests of Gabon to look at the impact of the Ebola virus on gorillas, to local markets in Congo and Cameroon in search of bush meat that could have helped transfer the AIDS virus to humans. (earthisland.org)
  • Medical researchers are at a disadvantage, because by the time they hear of an unusual disease outbreak, the damage may already have been done and the disease may be very difficult to contain. (earthisland.org)
  • RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. - Biosurveillance - the automated monitoring of health trend data - can enhance the detection of naturally occurring or intentional disease outbreaks, according to a study by researchers at RTI International. (rti.org)
  • For the studies - published today in a separate peer-reviewed journal - the researchers created theoretical simulations of outbreaks of norovirus, flu and monkeypox. (malaysiakini.com)
  • The researchers found that a 10 percent reduction in the amount of harmful advice being circulated has a mitigating impact on the severity of an outbreak while making 20 percent of the population unable to share harmful advice has the same positive effect. (malaysiakini.com)
  • Researchers at Penn State have received $2.35 million from the National Science Foundation to study disease transmission among animals with a goal of better predicting outbreaks of infectious diseases within humans. (eurekalert.org)
  • With this knowledge, the NSF-funded researchers have the capacity to begin to predict when such disease outbreaks will occur. (nsf.gov)
  • With cases peaking annually in the wet season and again in the dry season, the researchers determined that certain meteorological conditions are responsible for these outbreaks. (nsf.gov)
  • Using analysis of blood samples from infected patients, however, researchers determined that while the Guinean form of the Ebola virus (EBOV) showed a 97% similarity to the Zaire strain, the disease was not introduced from Central Africa. (medscape.com)
  • If the disease was spreading within a household due to direct transmission - either from an asymptomatic carrier or someone with symptomatic, acute disease, the researchers should be able to isolate the same genotype from a number of individuals in the same household. (innovations-report.com)
  • conversely, during a FMD outbreak in livestock in 2001, researchers detected a 67 percent prevalence rate in gazelles. (innovations-report.com)
  • The natural inclination can even amplify transmission and increase the risk of a dangerous epidemic, according to a new paper published in Communication Studies by Penn State University communications professor Rachel Smith and biology professor David Hughes , both researchers at the institution's Center of Infectious Disease Dynamics . (psmag.com)
  • Doctors and veterinarians can learn several lessons from the Colorado outbreak, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • To identify the source of the outbreak researchers used holidaymakers' photographs and questioned local Corsicans who had also been infected. (nhm.ac.uk)
  • This webinar featured a presentation from the Insight Event that guides airport emergency management teams in understanding and developing effective response plans and operations during communicable disease outbreaks. (trb.org)
  • It allows public health agencies to target their resources in the most efficient way, and helps protect us from new emerging diseases, which often erupt in remote corners of the Earth where it is sometimes very difficult to obtain vital information, let alone biological samples to test for various pathogens,' said Dr. Peter Daszak, corresponding author and President of EcoHealth Alliance. (news-medical.net)
  • Similarly, long-term studies show that mouse abundance can be predicted many months in advance based on acorn production, and that human contact rates with the pathogens harbored by mice and ticks are generally more frequent during acorn-driven mouse outbreaks. (eurekalert.org)
  • The WHO said samples from hospitalized patients were being tested for different diarrheal-disease pathogens, including the cholera bacteria. (medindia.net)
  • Outbreaks of stomach infections from a wide range of intestinal pathogens - such as salmonella, campylobacter, norovirus, giardia and hepatitis A - can easily occur after a city's water and wastewater pipes are damaged. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • People are defecating out in the open and there are already reports of diarrheal disease outbreaks and chest infections, say the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) - a group of 13 UK aid agencies. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In 2006, more than 400 children under the age of 5 died during an outbreak of diarrheal disease in Botswana. (nsf.gov)
  • For more than 10 years, Kathleen Alexander, a scientist at Virginia Tech , has been researching similar diarrheal disease outbreaks across Botswana to determine if there are correlations among atmospheric conditions, local environmental variables, and disease rates. (nsf.gov)
  • Diarrheal disease remains a critical threat to children under 5 years of age across Africa but particularly in the Chobe District. (nsf.gov)
  • No deaths have been reported in the outbreak, initially thought to be malaria, but health authorities have warned of elevated risks of an outbreak of dengue fever, an infection transmitted by mosquito vectors. (upi.com)
  • Rossello said the symptoms can be confused with those of other illnesses, including dengue, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was helping to investigate. (necn.com)
  • special national or lance networks, such as PulseNet International and the Eu- regional concern, e.g., dengue fever, Rift Valley fever, ropean Foodborne Viruses Network, which use molecular and meningococcal disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Meanwhile, the country has been dealing with the worst cholera outbreak on record, which emerged in 2016, a year after the fighting began. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • CHOLERA OUTBREAK INFORMATION Travelers to South America should be aware that an epidemic of cholera is occurring in several countries including Peru, Ecuador and Columbia. (cdc.gov)
  • When a cholera outbreak began months after the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti, health workers used cell phones to help track the movements of people leaving the epicenter, allowing them "to alert medics to go where infected people might carry the disease," according to a report published on Tuesday in PLoS Medicine, NPR's health blog " Shots " reports. (kff.org)
  • Apple iPhone owners wondering if there is a case of swine flu nearby can now find out instantly with a new program that tracks outbreaks of infectious diseases. (newsmax.com)
  • The application, which was developed with support from Google.org, the Web giant's philanthropic arm, enables users to track and report outbreaks of infectious diseases such as swine flu in real time. (newsmax.com)
  • In 2009, the outbreak of H1N1 'Swine' flu circulated in Mexico for at least a couple of months before it was discovered as a real threat to public health. (news-medical.net)
  • BEIJING (AP) - Hong Kong retiree Lee Wai-man loves pork fresh from the market but eats a lot less now that the price has jumped as China struggles with a deadly swine disease that has sent shockwaves through global meat markets. (sfgate.com)
  • South Korea on Tuesday reported its first cases of African swine fever, becoming the latest country hit by the disease that has killed pigs from China to North Korea, pushing up pork prices worldwide. (phys.org)
  • Swine fever, rabies, bird flu-outbreaks of diseases in wildlife populations often also affect farm animals and humans. (phys.org)
  • The Council of Agriculture (COA) yesterday downplayed recent cases of pigs infected by the infectious disease swine erysipelas as just a few, isolated cases that can be cured by antibiotics. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Reports of a possible outbreak of the disease in southern Taiwan were triggered by an announcement by the Swine Association on Facebook on Friday evening. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Last month, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc urged authorities to prevent the disease, which has spread to 58 of 63 provinces, from escalating into an epidemic. (courthousenews.com)
  • News outlets discuss a study published Tuesday in The Lancet Infectious Diseases examining malaria deaths during the Ebola epidemic in Guinea. (kff.org)
  • Agence France-Presse: Ebola cases fall to year low but WHO warns of trouble ahead "The World Health Organization on Wednesday hailed the fewest weekly infections for over a year in the West African Ebola epidemic, but warned they were braced for a significant new outbreak in Sierra Leone…" (7/29). (kff.org)
  • D r Tom Frieden, former director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and president and CEO of Resolve, said that the gaps in epidemic preparedness continue to have a life threatening impact. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • A ccording to the analysis, which covers 65 countries so far, Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone - the three countries that were at the centre of the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak are among those least ready to deal with an epidemic. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The rise of "fake news", including misinformation and inaccurate advice on social media, could make disease outbreaks such as the covid-19 coronavirus epidemic currently spreading in China worse, according to research published today. (malaysiakini.com)
  • Epidemic and pandemic-prone diseases threaten public health security. (who.int)
  • EPIDEMIC MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE Epidemic meningococcal disease has been reported in Nairobi, Kenya and the Arusha area on northern Tanzania. (cdc.gov)
  • Rapid risk assessment: Zika virus disease epidemic. (europa.eu)
  • The Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit (BCU) team, which can provide front line care and treatment in the event of highly infectious diseases or bioterrorism attack holds periodic exercises like this one to train and prepare for patients who could otherwise potentially fuel an epidemic. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The announcement triggered the already-high prices of pork to rise even further, following an outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea last year, and the reported stockpiling of pork by vendors. (taipeitimes.com)
  • US Adults die from vaccine-preventable diseases each year. (rwjf.org)
  • Vaccine-Preventable Outbreaks' shows the number of cases by disease as well as the number of cases by region. (trendhunter.com)
  • Reuters Health) - U.S. scientists used gene sequencing technology to tie together what appeared to be unrelated outbreaks of mumps in the Boston area, helping to rule out the possibility that the virus had mutated to evade vaccine protection, a new report says. (reuters.com)
  • The 16 measles outbreaks that struck the United States in 2011 cost up to $5.3 million to contain, according to a study published in Vaccine in 2014 1 . (nature.com)
  • One unvaccinated child may not get a vaccine-preventable disease. (sacbee.com)
  • Recent outbreaks of measles - the highest number in the EU for seven years - are a sign of the immediate impact of declining vaccine coverage, the report said, and should prompt governments to act to boost vaccine awareness and confidence. (reuters.com)
  • Bill Edstrom, an epidemiologist for the Spokane Regional Health District, said older children and adults can get new vaccines that would make them immune to whooping cough and thus less likely to spread the disease to small children who have not completed their vaccine regimen. (spokesman.com)
  • Most people have no reactions to a vaccine, and any reaction usually pales in comparison to the disease itself. (themonitor.com)
  • A serogroup B vaccine approved for use in Australia, Canada, and Europe was used under a special approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to help manage the recent outbreaks. (prweb.com)
  • The CDC presentation included a review of epidemiologic data about meningococcal disease showing that serogroup B has overtaken serogroups C and Y as the most common cause of this disease in adolescents and the FDA presentation highlighted the fact that both the serogroup B vaccine used under special approval as well as another vaccine in development were both granted "Breakthrough Therapy" status by the FDA. (prweb.com)
  • Vaccines available in the U.S. protect against four of the major strains of the disease: A, C, W, and Y. There is no vaccine approved in the U.S. for serogroup B, which was responsible for recent outbreaks at Princeton, UCSB and three other college campuses. (prweb.com)
  • Available information indicates the outbreak strain of Salmonella Reading is present in live turkeys and in many types of raw turkey products. (cdc.gov)
  • This outbreak strain could remain present in live turkeys and raw turkey products until actions from industry further reduce Salmonella Reading contamination. (cdc.gov)
  • A total of 358 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Reading were reported from 42 states. (cdc.gov)
  • Infectious diseases, from antibiotic-resistant superbugs to Salmonella to the seasonal flu, threaten the health and well-being of families and individuals and cost the country billions. (rwjf.org)
  • For example, if Health Canada was trying to determine the cause of a Salmonella outbreak in humans, the database would specify any related outbreaks in farm or pet animals and related contaminated food products. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Diarrheal diseases-Contaminated drinking water and a disrupted sanitation system could mean rampant spread of these water-borne illnesses, which can be especially deadly in children. (pbs.org)
  • Among the diseases whose deadly potential we already know about - such as Ebola and Lassa fever - WHO also listed Disease X. The usually sober health agency warned that somewhere out there lurks a disease we have absolutely no idea about. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Korea Herald: Never again Editorial Board "…[T]he MERS outbreak should offer us precious lessons that, if not properly contained, a deadly virus can have an unprecedented impact on the nation and our daily life. (kff.org)
  • Also called pertussis, the contagious disease is especially dangerous - even deadly - for babies younger than 18 months who have not completed their early childhood vaccines. (spokesman.com)
  • The transport conducted Wednesday wasn't real - it was a training exercise to teach staff how to respond if someone with a deadly disease showed up at the hospital. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Nurses have always played a vital role in the response to outbreaks of deadly illnesses. (uleth.ca)
  • This recent outbreak in Corsica demonstrates the potential for forms of this debilitating and potentially deadly infectious disease to become rapidly established in Europe. (nhm.ac.uk)
  • Results showed that diseases such as Nipah virus - an emerging and very lethal disease - showed distinct characteristic patterns within such a network and clustered separately to other more established diseases such as malaria and Japanese encephalitis. (news-medical.net)
  • For example, after the last Ebola outbreak weakened Congo's already fragile and overtasked health system, the North Kivu province, where the outbreak is centered, saw an eightfold increase in the incidence of malaria. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The EWARS application supports existing national disease surveillance systems, in addition to expanding surveillance to include other diseases with a public health burden in IDP camps and host communities, such as malaria, severe acute malnutrition, diarrhoea and acute respiratory infection. (who.int)
  • Data collected by the system has shown that malaria continues to be the most common disease in much of Borno state. (who.int)
  • Quammen also explains how zoonotic diseases are exceptionally hard to eradicate. (earthisland.org)
  • Zoonotic disease is becoming more common, and the impacts are huge. (ashoka.org)
  • When zoonotic diseases make the headlines, it's usually because they are being passed from animals to humans. (nature.com)
  • Measles is more likely to spread and cause outbreaks in U.S. communities where groups of people are unvaccinated. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the Wikipedia-based model was not successful in predicting the spread of slow-progressing diseases like HIV/AIDS, according to the paper. (ibtimes.com)
  • Inadequate clean water and sanitation allow diseases like cholera to spread, and in this regard Thailand is in much better shape than Haiti. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Hong Kong, a global city which plays host to hundreds and thousands of travellers from around the world every year, was the perfect launchpad for the spread of the disease. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Within a matter of weeks the disease had spread to 27 countries, closing cities like Toronto and costing them a billion dollars," he says. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • This lays out the steps countries must take to ensure that diseases do not spread out of control. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • North Korea scaled back cooperation with South Korea after the collapse of a February summit between North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and President Donald Trump, hampering joint work on stemming the spread of the disease following an outbreak near North Korea's border with China. (courthousenews.com)
  • Only 14 states vaccinated at least half of their population against the seasonal flu, while 35 met the goal for vaccinating young children against hepatitis B, which is spread by infected blood and leads to liver disease. (governing.com)
  • IHB engages foreign governments to reduce barriers to effective humanitarian responses, make science-based decisions that prevent outbreak spread, and mitigate unproductive response measures that interfere with travel and trade. (state.gov)
  • THE Department of Homeland Security confirmed last week that the highly contagious foot-and-mouth virus had briefly spread within the Plum Island Animal Disease Center in two previously undisclosed incidents earlier this summer. (nytimes.com)
  • After a few weeks or months depending on conditions, the disease continues to spread through the rapid movement of global travelers. (news-medical.net)
  • As with the SARS outbreak, the virus incubated for a few months in China before it spread to Hong Kong, Canada and other points around the world. (news-medical.net)
  • There was much criticism last month over the transfer of Qatari funds to Gaza , but few realize that the cash infusion to the strip will indirectly help Israel by preventing the possible outbreak of disease in the Palestinian enclave that could spread to Israel. (ynetnews.com)
  • International sources told Ynet there were fears the running sewage and contaminated water could cause an outbreak of disease in Gaza that would spread rapidly to Israel. (ynetnews.com)
  • Express Empathy: Disease outbreaks can disease outbreak can help stop the spread of disease, cause fear and disrupt daily lives. (cdc.gov)
  • 5. Promote Action: In an infectious disease outbreak, Information should include what is known, what public understanding of and action on disease is not known, and what is being done to fill in the prevention is key to stopping the spread. (cdc.gov)
  • Countries with lower scores are more likely to have outbreaks with preventable deaths, and that may spread to other countries," said Dr Cyrus Shahpar, Resolve's Prevent Epidemics director. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The spread of disease has not so far impacted European supplement sales, according to Crossley, with growth being generated instead by products for targeted health conditions like heart, joint, or skin health. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Investment in health aid is not just a way to prevent the spread of disease but to shore up regional stability, which is in the broader interest of the United States. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Doing so is crucial to preventing the spread of the disease and ensuring patients receive treatment. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • poses this unique quandary: Diseases in wildlife are now able to spread across the whole human race, and if you catch one of these bugs, you are likely to die from it. (earthisland.org)
  • Science writer David Quammen introduces us to the complicated origin and spread of "zoonosis" - diseases which originate in animals but can be passed along to humans. (earthisland.org)
  • Warren said she can mitigate the spread of disease by fighting climate change and moving the U.S. to a universal, government-funded health system under the "Medicare for All" program. (sfgate.com)
  • In an analysis of how the spread of misinformation affects the spread of disease, scientists at Britain's East Anglia University (UEA) said any successful efforts to stop people sharing fake news could help save lives. (malaysiakini.com)
  • Their models took into account studies of real behaviour, how different diseases are spread, incubation periods and recovery times, and the speed and frequency of social media posting and real-life information sharing. (malaysiakini.com)
  • Since then, 1 million pigs have died and the disease has spread to 31 of China's 34 provinces, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. (sfgate.com)
  • Though the outbreak could be serious, news regarding its scope has been slow to spread. (spokesman.com)
  • Four deaths in Hurricane Maria's aftermath are being investigated as possible cases of a disease spread by animals' urine, Puerto Rico'sgovernor said Wednesday amid concerns about islanders' exposure to contaminated water. (necn.com)
  • The death toll from a disease outbreak in China's pig herds that has pushed up global pork prices has risen to 1.2 million animals, but its spread has "significantly slowed," a deputy agriculture minister said Thursday. (phys.org)
  • In 2012 a new cycle of this disease spread throughout the East Coast during the spring and summer and, by October 2012, impatiens downy mildew was confirmed in landscape beds and greenhouses in 32 states and Washington, D.C. (prweb.com)
  • Recent advances in DNA sequencing have allowed scientists to accurately track the spread of some diseases by measuring mutations in the pathogen's DNA when the DNA replicates. (innovations-report.com)
  • The research has also shed light on the role of asymptomatic carriers of the disease in the spread of typhoid. (innovations-report.com)
  • As these carriers do not show symptoms, they are likely to be unaware of their infection and can unwittingly spread the disease. (innovations-report.com)
  • The most famous of such cases was a cook in New York in the early twentieth century, nicknamed 'Typhoid Mary', who is believed to have spread the disease to dozens of people. (innovations-report.com)
  • Doctors isolated him to prevent the spread of the highly infectious disease, transporting him from the emergency room to the hospital's biocontainment unit for quarantine until tests could be completed. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Two Texas nurses contracted the virus while caring for a Liberian citizen who arrived in the United States with the disease, which is spread through bodily fluids. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Drinking or swimming in water does not spread the disease. (unionleader.com)
  • Reports say the disease may spread North Africa and the Middle East, jeopardizing food security in the region. (newsblaze.com)
  • FAO says an urgent action is needed to control a major outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in Egypt and prevent its spread. (newsblaze.com)
  • A joint disease containment strategy was drawn up focussing on limiting the spread through various measures, including vaccination. (newsblaze.com)
  • North Coast Local Land Services district veterinarian, Ian Poe, said: "The aim of the PIC system is to help trace back the source, and contain the potential spread, of disease outbreaks such as horse flu or Hendra virus. (northernstar.com.au)
  • Taking sensible precautions to prevent disease spread, and cooperating with competition organisers in the collection of PIC data will ensure the show tradition continues to thrive on the North Coast. (northernstar.com.au)
  • The program, called TranStat, was developed by a team of epidemiologists and computer scientists from the Models of Infectious Disease Agent Study (MIDAS), an international program supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to build computational models for studying disease spread. (nih.gov)
  • The computer program uses this information to statistically determine the probability that people contracted the disease from each other, a driving factor in the spread of infections. (nih.gov)
  • The urogenital form of the disease can be spread by urine from infected people contaminating fresh water. (nhm.ac.uk)
  • It is a disease of humans, but it can spread beyond us: our close relatives, nonhuman primates, are also at risk of contracting measles. (nature.com)
  • In recent years, a number of sub-Saharan African countries have experienced outbreaks of either Ebola or Lassa fever, which tend to spread across national borders. (springer.com)
  • Agriculture Ministry official Kim Dae-gyun revealed that the step was taken to contain the spread of the disease, adding that more than 2,000 animals will be slaughtered in a half kilometer radius from the site of the outbreak. (medindia.net)
  • With the recent outbreaks of Ebola virus and Zika virus, it is widely recognized that we need new strategies to prevent infectious disease outbreaks," said Dr. James Moon, author of the WIREs Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology article. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Both her visit and new public-health policy plan are intended to draw a contrast with Republican nominee Donald Trump, who has hardly mentioned the Zika outbreak. (miamiherald.com)
  • Florida Republican Sen. Marco Rubio recently told the Miami Herald editorial board he would support such a fund, especially given the political battles in Washington in response to Zika and Ebola outbreaks. (miamiherald.com)
  • Because the feds are now dumping illegals elsewhere, these outbreaks are spreading beyond the immediate area of Texas (bad as that is) and spreading potential epidemics. (americanthinker.com)
  • Dr Quick's recently published book, the End of Epidemics , details how the world can prevent another outbreak sweeping the globe, harming millions and crippling health services and economies. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • F our in five countries are not ready to detect and respond to disease epidemics and prevent them spreading beyond their borders, a new analysis has found. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Outbreaks may also refer to epidemics , which affect a region in a country or a group of countries, or pandemics , which describe global disease outbreaks. (wn.com)
  • He also warned that the overuse of chemical pesticides can leave various crops liable to developing resistance to their protective effect -- making the crops more prone to outbreaks of disease. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is prone to outbreaks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, especially those transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans. (springer.com)
  • Current research uses smart surveillance to rapidly identify emEcoHealth Alliance, the nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced new research focused on the rapid identification of disease outbreaks in the peer reviewed publication, Journal of the Royal Society Interface. (news-medical.net)
  • WHO has rapidly expanded and strengthened disease detection and response in support of the Government of Nigeria's response to the humanitarian crisis in north eastern Nigeria, where 3.7 million people are in need of health assistance. (who.int)
  • With EWARS strengthening our weekly Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response reporting we can rapidly be alerted to potential disease outbreaks. (who.int)
  • The health ministry said on Tuesday that the number of new cases had fallen rapidly and the outbreak was nearly under control. (medscape.com)
  • The application also allows users to submit their own reports of outbreaks or photos to the HealthMap team. (newsmax.com)
  • This information was collected from 125 reports of outbreaks on 10 known infectious diseases causing encephalitis (brain or neural infection) in South Asia - a known 'hotspot' for new disease outbreaks. (news-medical.net)
  • Obligations to IHR Focal Point, which should be a national center for Report Outbreaks urgent communications under the regulations. (cdc.gov)
  • Big data shows Africa has been hit the hardest, with South America suffering relatively few outbreaks. (trendhunter.com)
  • As we have seen with the recent Ebola outbreak in Africa, our modern transportation systems are excellent ways for virus or bacteria to roam throughout the world, invading new hosts and wreaking havoc. (earthisland.org)
  • AIDS is the classic example of such a disease, contracted first in Africa and eventually spreading into Europe and the United States with devastating effect. (earthisland.org)
  • Some of the most unexpected animals may be harboring disease vectors - chimpanzees (often killed for food in Africa), bats, and many species of birds that migrate through human habitats, coming into contact with domestic animals. (earthisland.org)
  • Using real-time mapping software, scientists and public health workers can track the disease across Africa and predict the most vulnerable areas that might succumb to an outbreak in the future. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Yellow Fever in Africa: Estimating the Burden of Disease and Impact of Mass Vaccination from Outbreak and Serological Data. (springer.com)
  • Frog populations have seen an increased number of deaths due to a fungal disease. (motherjones.com)
  • MARACAY, Venezuela-A string of deaths in a hospital here has sparked fears of a potent, mosquito-borne disease and led authorities to seek a doctor's arrest for allegedly sowing panic, leaving residents wondering how to explain their symptoms. (wsj.com)
  • In an unrelated July and August 2015 outbreak, the disease affected at least 120 people and caused at least twelve deaths in the South Bronx area. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Sydney, 15 people fell ill due to two separate outbreaks - in March and May 2016 - linked to two water cooling towers. (theage.com.au)
  • In enabling participation in surveillance, we also expect to increase global coverage and identify outbreaks earlier," he added. (newsmax.com)
  • The article, authored by leading scientists in the fields of emerging disease ecology, biomathematics, computational biology and bioinformatics, shows how network theory can be used to identify outbreaks of unidentified diseases. (news-medical.net)
  • The findings from the Resolve to Save Lives initiative, by US non-profit Vital Strategies, highlights which countries are falling short when it comes to readiness to respond to the next outbreak. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • M easuring a country's capacity through such tools is just one way to assess how ready the world is for the next outbreak, said Dr Peter Salama, WHO's Deputy Director for Emergency Preparedness and Response. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • We don't know what the next outbreak will bring, but there is certainly a need for us to be prepared for it," said Dr. Brian T. Garibaldi, medical director of the Hopkins biocontainment unit. (baltimoresun.com)
  • A number of African countries -- including Mali, Senegal, the Ivory Coast, Cape Verde and Gabon -- have seen outbreaks of the disease. (upi.com)
  • Surveillance for foodborne-disease outbreaks--United States, 1993-1997. (nih.gov)
  • Since 1973, CDC has maintained a collaborative surveillance program for collection and periodic reporting of data on the occurrence and causes of foodborne-disease outbreaks (FBDOs) in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • During 1993-1997, a total of 2,751 outbreaks of foodborne disease were reported (489 in 1993, 653 in 1994, 628 in 1995, 477 in 1996, and 504 in 1997). (nih.gov)
  • State and local health departments continue to investigate and report FBDOs as part of efforts to better understand and define the epidemiology of foodborne disease in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • 2005) cover events of international importance that in- the International volve contaminated food and outbreaks of foodborne dis- ease. (cdc.gov)
  • In Australia, health departments in 6 states and 2 ter- ligations under the International Health Regulations (2005), ritories led multiagency teams to investigate and control we reviewed outbreaks in 2001-2007 that implicated in- 100 outbreaks of foodborne disease that affected 2,000- ternationally distributed foods. (cdc.gov)
  • In South Korea, where diets rely heavily on pork, there is concern an outbreak could hurt an industry with 6,300 farms raising more than 11 million pigs. (courthousenews.com)
  • Since China first reported an outbreak in early August, 1 million pigs have been culled. (courthousenews.com)
  • Hong Kong authorities have killed 10,700 pigs in two outbreaks, including one triggered by an animal imported from the mainland that was found to be infected. (courthousenews.com)
  • On March 2011, outbreaks have been reported in eight of the 13 provinces in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), which has a livestock population of about 577,000 cattle, 2.2 million pigs and 3.5 million goats. (newsblaze.com)
  • Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is highly contagious and affects cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs and other cloven-hoofed animals. (newsblaze.com)
  • Bureau Deputy Director Chao Pan-hua (趙磐華) said the disease is infectious and caused by bacteria, mostly found in adult pigs, but that it is not required to be reported the World Organization for Animal Heath. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Last year, 600 people caught the disease - an intestinal bacterial infection caused by drinking contaminated water or eating food that has been in contact with contaminated water. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) has identified a case of Virulent Newcastle Disease (VND) in a small flock of backyard exhibition chickens in Los Angeles County. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Response systems for exotic animal disease will be tested next week (26-30 March) in a simulated outbreak of highly virulent Newcastle disease, which is one of the important exotic diseases of concern for the New Zealand poultry industry. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Many health emergencies are the result of infectious diseases. (citywindsor.ca)
  • The EWARS project is an initiative to strengthen disease early warning, alert and response in emergencies. (who.int)
  • EWARS tries to catch disease outbreaks early on to help contain them in emergencies by providing technical support, training and field-based tools to Ministries of Health and other partners. (who.int)
  • And it only takes two or more ill residents to indicate a potential outbreak. (texmed.org)
  • EWARS in a box' contains all the equipment needed to set up a disease surveillance system, including mobile phones, laptops, solar-powered generators and chargers, all specifically designed to work in difficult and insecure operating environments like north eastern Nigeria. (who.int)
  • 50%) of 14 outbreaks would have required notifi cation to Events detected by national surveillance system the World Health Organization. (cdc.gov)
  • The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization released a weekly update on the scale of infections on Thursday which reported a new outbreak in Laos. (courthousenews.com)
  • My name is Dr. Jane Siegel, and I am a pediatric infectious disease physician, specializing in pediatric health care epidemiology and infections in immunocompromised individuals. (texmed.org)
  • Residents of LTC facilities are at high risk for certain infectious diseases, in part because of their existing medical conditions, including advancing age, and in part because a residential facility is a setting in which infections are more likely to be transmitted. (texmed.org)
  • The Corsican outbreak first occurred in 2013 with over 120 infections diagnosed, and was followed by an awareness campaign to diagnose infections and eliminate transmission. (nhm.ac.uk)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends all Americans ages 6 months and older get vaccinated (20% of Americans get the flu each year). (rwjf.org)
  • On the issue of vaccinations, the report measured how many states are meeting Centers for Disease Control recommendations for hepatitis B vaccinations and flu. (governing.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stands to lose 12% of its budget through proposed cuts in the American Health Care Act. (nature.com)
  • These cuts will result in more people dying and higher health-care costs," says Tom Frieden, the former director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (nature.com)
  • The study was funded by Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. (rti.org)
  • In addition to mumps, the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is reporting a rapid growth in the number of reported cases of measles, even though the agency had announced in 2000 that it had been completely eliminated in the United States. (themonitor.com)
  • I also was a member of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee for eight years, from 1996 to 2004. (texmed.org)
  • Doctors and veterinarians in the southwestern United States should keep an eye out for cases of plague, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (livescience.com)
  • Across the river from Portland in Clark County, Washington, for example, rates have dropped to 78%, per the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (nature.com)
  • According to the information of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, active EVD transmission is reported in Lagos in Nigeria. (gov.hk)
  • In December 2006, Taco Bell restaurants in four Northeastern states emerged as a common link among 71 sickened people across five states, 52 of whom were ultimately confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control to have tested positive the same E. coli strain. (wikipedia.org)
  • It appears that many species are under an immense amount of stress, allowing opportunistic diseases to take hold," Rob Mies, executive director of the Organization for Bat Conservation, told Discovery News . (motherjones.com)
  • The toll of the disease in Haiti is in the news again following the filing of a lawsuit against the UN. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The rise of fake news could be making disease outbreaks worse-according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). (phys.org)
  • At a news conference at the city Office of Emergency Management, Mayor Bill de Blasio said that 108 people have been infected since the onset of the outbreak in July - up from a tally of 101 on Friday. (nytimes.com)
  • The good news is this outbreak is clearly tapering off," Mr. de Blasio said. (nytimes.com)
  • The public may visit the CHP's EVD page (www.chp.gov.hk/en/view_content/34199.html), the Travel Health News on the DH's Travel Health Service website (www.travelhealth.gov.hk/english/outbreaknews/outbreaknews.html) or the WHO's EVD page (www.who.int/csr/disease/ebola/en/) for more information and travel advice. (gov.hk)
  • Leon Danon at the University of Warwick, UK, is negotiating with the ministry of health of a northern European nation about a project that would combine the anonymous cellphone records of around 10,000 people with their health records to produce signatures of disease from a larger population. (newscientist.com)
  • The Outbreaks: Protecting Americans from Infectious Diseases report by Trust for America's Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) found major gaps in the country's ability to prevent, control, and treat infectious disease outbreaks because of outdated systems and limited resources. (rwjf.org)
  • Dr. Tammam Aloudat, of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies' Haiti task force, told the NewsHour outbreaks of disease could quickly exacerbate problems for already overwhelmed emergency health facilities in the coming days and weeks. (pbs.org)
  • The team of scientists tracked the progress of seven diseases across 11 countries -- using language as an approximate measure for people's locations -- between 2010 and 2013, and compared page views on Wikipedia articles about those diseases with data obtained from health ministries. (ibtimes.com)
  • Traditional disease surveillance techniques involve collecting data from laboratory tests and tracking the number of visits to health care facilities. (ibtimes.com)
  • Earlier this year, the WHO published an annual report detailing the infectious diseases most likely to trigger a worldwide health emergency. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • For example, in India in the 1990s there was an outbreak of plague - the WHO realised that there was no worldwide mechanism for containing a disease outbreak it set up the international health regulations. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • But only 27 states scored equal to or higher than the national average on the National Health Security Preparedness Index's measure of information management, which indicates difficulties in mobilizing and coordinating outbreak responses. (governing.com)
  • Al Jazeera America: After Ebola outbreak, Liberia's health care system struggles to rebound "…[Liberia's] already anemic health care system has deteriorated further. (kff.org)
  • EcoHealth Alliance, the nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced new research focused on the rapid identification of disease outbreaks in the peer reviewed publication, Journal of the Royal Society Interface . (news-medical.net)
  • The first-of-its-kind project will link animal health, food safety and human health data to speed up the identification and evaluation of disease outbreak sources. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Time is key in these events -- people can become very ill or die during disease outbreaks -- so speedy recognition and evaluation are critical," said Beverly McEwen, one of the project co-ordinators from the University's Animal Health Laboratory. (uoguelph.ca)
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the consumption of contaminated water can cause diseases, such as jaundice, polio, typhus, cholera and dysentery. (ynetnews.com)
  • This was swiftly followed by avian flu, another virus-associated disease, reaching the country's poultry industry and posing a significant threat to human health. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Initially, the health department had considered an outbreak in East Boston to be distinct from one occurring in Boston universities. (reuters.com)
  • Genetic sequence data is becoming a crucial tool in understanding outbreaks," said Dr. Amesh Adalja, in infectious disease expert at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security who was not involved in the study. (reuters.com)
  • In fragile states like Congo-beset by poverty, instability, and weak governance-not only do disease outbreaks routinely expand into neighboring countries, but they also tend to aggravate other health problems. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The arrival of more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslim refugees, fleeing human rights abuses and poor governance in neighboring Myanmar, has raised the risk of disease outbreaks, particularly of tuberculosis, and also complicated access to health care due to immense distances to health centers and the denial to the Rohingya of formal refugee status. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • According to Vandegrift, emerging infectious diseases threaten global health and security, but little is known about where or when we should expect these outbreaks. (eurekalert.org)
  • State, local, and territorial health departments use a standard form to report these outbreaks to CDC. (nih.gov)
  • Secretary for Food and Health Sophia Chan said in a statement Friday that the incurable virus was found in a single pig imported from a farm in Guangdong province in mainland China, where the monthslong outbreak has devastated herds. (sfgate.com)
  • Investigators with the Department of Health working to stop the latest outbreak have been trying to track everyone exposed to the disease. (spokesman.com)
  • Infectious diseases have a substantially growing impact on the health of communities around the world and pressure to both predict and prevent such diseases is ever-growing. (phys.org)
  • The Texas Department of Health and Human Services reports that most people who have contracted the disease were not vaccinated, and that 90 percent of unvaccinated people who are exposed to the virus will get the disease. (themonitor.com)
  • Tracing outbreaks of typhoid in Kathmandu also carries its own problem: street names are not used in Nepal, so capturing the addresses of typhoid cases - and hence accurately mapping the outbreaks - has proved challenging to health workers. (innovations-report.com)
  • We want to make sure the public is aware of the potential risk of this disease so that each person can make a decision for themselves about visiting the area in the best interest of their health. (unionleader.com)
  • Show societies have been required to upgrade their health and disease control measures, and collecting PIC data is part of this process to help with disease trace back. (northernstar.com.au)
  • The successful control of foot-and-mouth disease on the Eastern Steppe will require a program that focuses on livestock populations and entails health monitoring and vaccinations of domestic animals when needed," said WCS veterinary epidemiologist and co-author Shiilegdamba Enkhtuvshin. (innovations-report.com)
  • The WHO has revealed that UN health experts rushed to northern Haiti to help tackle a sudden outbreak of diarrhoeal disease that has left 150 dead, after some initial tests showed traces of cholera. (medindia.net)
  • The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. (medindia.net)
  • indicates that stigma avoidance for new diseases can be achieved by focusing alerts on general health rather than specific people. (psmag.com)
  • European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (‎ World Health Organization. (who.int)
  • The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today (August 8) provided an update on the local response in view of the overseas outbreaks of Ebola virus disease (EVD). (gov.hk)
  • On December 18, 2006, the Minnesota Department of Health reported that 37 probable E. coli cases had been reported in connection with the Taco John's E. coli outbreak, nine people were confirmed ill with E. coli, eight people were hospitalized, and one person had developed hemolytic-uremic syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis by CDC scientists showed that the measles virus type in this outbreak (B3) was identical to the virus type that caused the large measles outbreak in the Philippines in 2014. (cdc.gov)
  • The research, carried out by a group of data scientists from the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, argued that Wikipedia traffic data could also be used to estimate the current rates of disease outbreaks across the world. (ibtimes.com)
  • Moreover, several scientists also questioned the extent to which the model could be used in areas with poor Internet penetration, or in relation to poorly understood diseases. (ibtimes.com)
  • Ebola is endemic to Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, South Sudan and Gabon, and scientists initially believed that Central Africa's Zaire strain of the virus was responsible for the outbreak. (medscape.com)
  • In research published today in the journal Open Biology, scientists at the Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme in Vietnam and the Oxford University Clinical Research Units in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, have found a way to accurately map typhoid outbreaks in the city. (innovations-report.com)
  • Culling together data points about the location of bat species (the likely carrier of the Ebola virus), population density, travel time from the nearest major settlement, and a handful of other factors, scientists can get in front of the disease. (howstuffworks.com)