Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Molecular Diagnostic Techniques: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.Diagnostic Techniques, Radioisotope: Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.Diagnostic Techniques, Otological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the ear or of hearing disorders or demonstration of hearing acuity or loss.Diagnostic Techniques, Surgical: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of disease or dysfunction by examination of the pathological site or operative field during surgical intervention.Azure Stains: PHENOTHIAZINES with an amino group at the 3-position that are green crystals or powder. They are used as biological stains.Diagnostic Techniques, Urological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of conditions related to pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium and of diseases of the female genitalia. It includes also demonstration of genital and pregnancy physiology.Diagnostic Tests, Routine: Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.Cytodiagnosis: Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system, central and peripheral, or demonstration of neurologic function or dysfunction.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Radionuclide Imaging: The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the endocrine glands or demonstration of their physiological processes.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Biopsy, Fine-Needle: Using fine needles (finer than 22-gauge) to remove tissue or fluid specimens from the living body for examination in the pathology laboratory and for disease diagnosis.Microscopy: The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.MycosesProspective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Immunoenzyme Techniques: Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Fluorescent Antibody Technique: Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)United StatesInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Diagnostic Services: Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.Diagnosis: The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted: Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.False Negative Reactions: Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Tumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Early Diagnosis: Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.Serologic Tests: Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Radiography: Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).Point-of-Care Systems: Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Diagnostic Equipment: Nonexpendable items used in examination.Delayed Diagnosis: Non-optimal interval of time between onset of symptoms, identification, and initiation of treatment.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Pleural Effusion: Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Immunologic Tests: Immunologic techniques involved in diagnosis.Positron-Emission Tomography: An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Area Under Curve: A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)Endosonography: Ultrasonography of internal organs using an ultrasound transducer sometimes mounted on a fiberoptic endoscope. In endosonography the transducer converts electronic signals into acoustic pulses or continuous waves and acts also as a receiver to detect reflected pulses from within the organ. An audiovisual-electronic interface converts the detected or processed echo signals, which pass through the electronics of the instrument, into a form that the technologist can evaluate. The procedure should not be confused with ENDOSCOPY which employs a special instrument called an endoscope. The "endo-" of endosonography refers to the examination of tissue within hollow organs, with reference to the usual ultrasonography procedure which is performed externally or transcutaneously.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Radiography, Thoracic: X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Diagnostic Test Approval: The process of gaining approval by a government regulatory agency for DIAGNOSTIC REAGENTS AND TEST KITS. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Solitary Pulmonary Nodule: A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Genetic Testing: Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Virology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of viruses, and VIRUS DISEASES.Radiology: A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon: A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Fluorodeoxyglucose F18: The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.Pathology, Clinical: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Chest Pain: Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Fever of Unknown Origin: Fever in which the etiology cannot be ascertained.Clinical Enzyme Tests: Analyses for a specific enzyme activity, or of the level of a specific enzyme that is used to assess health and disease risk, for early detection of disease or disease prediction, diagnosis, and change in disease status.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Pleural Effusion, Malignant: Presence of fluid in the PLEURAL CAVITY as a complication of malignant disease. Malignant pleural effusions often contain actual malignant cells.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Thyroid Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.Pathology, Molecular: A subspecialty of pathology concerned with the molecular basis (e.g., mutations) of various diseases.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Prenatal Diagnosis: Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.Pathology: A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.Sputum: Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Endoscopy, Digestive System: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the digestive tract.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques: Laboratory techniques that involve the in-vitro synthesis of many copies of DNA or RNA from one original template.Reagent Strips: Narrow pieces of material impregnated or covered with a substance used to produce a chemical reaction. The strips are used in detecting, measuring, producing, etc., other substances. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Appendicitis: Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.Microbiological Techniques: Techniques used in microbiology.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Discriminant Analysis: A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Tomography, Spiral Computed: Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)GermanyMycobacterium tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Urinalysis: Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Capsule Endoscopy: Non-invasive, endoscopic imaging by use of VIDEO CAPSULE ENDOSCOPES to perform examination of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the small bowel.Pulmonary Embolism: Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Unnecessary Procedures: Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Neurological diseases and disorders such as a stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and spinal cord injury can ... Urological techniques include minimally invasive robotic and laparoscopic surgery, laser-assisted surgeries, and other scope- ... Urodynamic studies play an important diagnostic role in neurourology. Therapy for nervous system disorders includes clean ... Less marked neurological abnormalities can cause urological disorders as well-for example, abnormalities of the sensory nervous ...
Increase in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. The normal CSF is clear and transparent fluid. The ... One drop of CSF sample (collected from the patient by lumbar puncture technique), is added to about 1ml of Pandy's solution. ... Cushing's disease Connective tissue disease Uremia Myxedema Cerebral hemorrhage No cloudy turbidity observed. The CSF sample is ... Infectious Disease Seehusen DA, Reeves MM, Fomin DA (September 2003). "Cerebrospinal fluid analysis". Am Fam Physician. 68: ...
St. Cloud Hospital
The CentraCare Heart & Vascular Center is dedicated to the prevention, discovery and management of cardiac disease. It is a ... The surgical staff is experienced in laparoscopic, minimally invasive and muscle-sparing techniques, as well as the robotic Da ... Services include diagnostic cardiology, interventional cardiology, cardiac surgery, electrophysiology, peripheral vascular ... neurological, plastic and bariatric surgery. ... diagnostic work-ups, education and treatment plans as well as a ...
Electrophysiological techniques for clinical diagnosis
Many neurological diseases cause symptoms that manifest far from the injured or deceased tissues. Locating and treating all ... However, visual evoked potentials do play a role in the whole diagnostic process. Parkinson's disease is a degenerative ailment ... Accurate differentiation of PD from any other neurological disorder and the identification of the disease course is important ... Diagnostics and Rehabilitation of Parkinson's Disease, Juliana Dushanova (Ed.), ISBN 978-953-307-791-8. ...
... described the disease's progression and provided differential diagnostic criteria to distinguish it from other neurological ... Enzyme replacement therapy techniques have been investigated for lysosomal storage disorders, and could potentially be used to ... Unlike other lysosomal storage diseases (e.g., Gaucher disease, Niemann-Pick disease, and Sandhoff disease), hepatosplenomegaly ... Adult/Late-Onset Tay-Sachs disease. A rare form of this disease, known as Adult-Onset or Late-Onset Tay-Sachs disease, usually ...
Bronson Methodist Hospital
A laboratory provides diagnostic equipment and techniques for the investigation of neurological problems. The following list ... Spine Services - offers services for the full scope of spinal diseases, disorders and injuries, including the diagnosis and ... Neurodiagnostics - offers a laboratory providing diagnostic equipment and techniques for the investigation of neurological ... in neurological care as a Primary Stroke Center; in cardiac care as a Chest Pain Center; in obstetrics as a BirthPlace and high ...
Symptoms of muscle diseases may include weakness, spasticity, myoclonus and myalgia. Diagnostic procedures that may reveal ... A large proportion of neurological disorders, ranging from cerebrovascular accident (stroke) and Parkinson's disease to ... technique that measures muscle noise is undergoing experimentation to provide a way of monitoring neuromuscular disease. The ... Other syndromes or conditions that can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart disease and some diseases of the ...
Hoag (health network)
Programs include advanced diagnostics, progressive treatments and support services care - all delivered from a ... From the newest minimally invasive techniques to total joint replacement to complex spine procedures the Hoag Orthopedic ... movement disorders/Parkinson's disease, Multiple Sclerosis, sleep disorders, spinal disorders/tumors, and stroke. Hoag ... treatment modalities and integration of medical specialists to deliver the care for all complex neurological disorders, ...
Common diagnostic techniques include: MRIs CAT scans blood samples. Blood samples are assessed for the absence or presence of ... and well as symptoms of other diseases to narrow down which disease the patient presents with. The patient should be questioned ... neurological examination, skin examination and pubertal staging needs to be assessed. Through blood pressure and pulse readings ... The disease becoming less prevalent is supported by much advancement in the medical field. Within the past ten to twenty years ...
MRI is the preferred diagnostic test on children presenting with port-wine stain. Other imaging techniques can be used in ... The initial diagnosis is made based on the presence of neurologic and ophthalmic disease but the disease progresses differently ... Fifth, indications of developmental delays, learning disability, or neurological irregularities are present. These issues may ... There is no diagnostic test for alternating hemiplegia, which makes it very difficult to diagnose. Also, because alternating ...
After the completion of his studies, Lewit began to pursue the field of neurology, and he joined the neurological clinic of ... There, Lewit focused on spinal and disc disease and became interested in neuroradiology (scanning by X-ray). As a spinal ... Along with his friends and colleagues Vladmir Janda and Václav Vojta, Lewit pioneered modern diagnostics and manual therapy of ... As he grew increasingly adept at using manual techniques for clinical diagnosis, he dismissed the escalating use of ...
Cervical spine disorder
Cerebrovascular disease Cerebrovascular disease is a type of cervical spine disorder that can cause tetraplegia. Subaxial ... Basic imaging techniques, which includes x-ray imaging, can reveal degenerative changes of the spine, while more advanced ... This aids in localizing a problem's source. There are risks to be considered with any diagnostic testing. For example, in ... It is now recognized that these patients feel pain, numbness, discomfort, and weakness along with neurological symptoms. ...
... which in early stages mimic more common and benign degenerative spinal diseases. MRI and bone scanning are used for diagnostic ... The combination of minimally invasive surgery and radiation or chemotherapy is a new technique for treating spinal tumors. This ... spinal cord decompression and restoration of neurological function, restoration of spine stability, and deformity rectification ... "The combined use of surgery and radiotherapy to treat patients with epidural cord compression due to metastatic disease: a cost ...
Ablative brain surgery
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive degenerative disease of the basal ganglia, characterized by the loss of dopaminergic ... In order to identify the part of the brain that is to be destroyed, new techniques such as micro electrode mapping have been ... Medical Radiology / Diagnostic Imaging. pp. 253-269. doi:10.1007/174_2012_629. ISBN 978-3-642-20705-1. ISSN 0942-5373. "Laser ... Stimulation of portions of the thalamus or lesioning has been used for various psychiatric and neurological conditions, and ...
Some possible symptoms a patient may present with include: Cardiomyopathy Skin lesions Thromboembolic disease Pulmonary disease ... Chest radiographs may indicate pleural effusions and/or fibrosis, and neurological tests such as CT scans can show strokes and ... Secondly, various imaging and diagnostic technological methods are utilised to detect defects to the heart and other organs, ... Neuropathy Hepatosplenomegaly Reduced ventricular size Atopic Eczema Numerous techniques are used to diagnose hypereosinophilic ...
Exclusion of neurological disease. Conversion disorder presents with symptoms that typically resemble a neurological ... The diagnostic criteria for functional neurological symptom disorder, as set out in DSM-5, are: *The patient has at least one ... Fink B (2000). A Clinical Introduction to Lacanian Psychoanalysis: Theory and Technique (3 ed.). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard ... Functional neurological symptom disorder. References. *^ International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related ...
... as probes for the investigation of the pathological pathways in neurological disorders as well as many other diseases. Milstein ... developed the hybridoma technique for the production of monoclonal antibodies-a discovery recognised by the award of the 1984 ... and Cuello's work also enabled the use of monoclonal antibodies to enhance the power of immuno-based diagnostic tests. In ...
Other techniques used to facilitate healing of the nerve and pain are either static or dynamic splinting that can both help ... Congress of Neurological Surgeons, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. Greg. "Nerve Injury (Neuropraxia, Axonotmesis, Neurotmesis) and ... Neurotmesis is diagnosed through clinical evaluation of symptoms, physical evaluation, and other diagnostic studies. Patients ... These help to distinguish upper from lower motor neuron disorder as well as diagnose primary muscle disease. The first line of ...
... and repetitive movements of the arms and legs similar to those seen in Huntington's disease. The etiology of the neurological ... Techniques such as RT-PCR, multiplex genomic PCR, and sequence analysis (cDNA and genomic DNA), used for the diagnosis of ... Twenty-four-hour urate excretion of more than 20 mg/kg is also typical but is not diagnostic. Hyperuricemia (serum uric acid ... Symptoms generally involve less neurological involvement but the disease still causes gout and kidney stones. LNS is due to ...
Brewis M, Poskanzer DC, Rolland C, et al., "Neurological disease in an English city". Acta Neurologica Scand Suppl 24:1--89, ... Diagnostic technology is another area for continued research. MRI has enabled scientists to see conditions in the spine, ... Surgical techniques are also being refined by the neurosurgical research community. Successful procedures expand the area ... CT scans allow physicians to see abnormalities in the brain, and other diagnostic tests have also improved greatly with the ...
"Nonculture Molecular Techniques for Diagnosis of Bacterial Disease in Animals: A Diagnostic Laboratory Perspective". Veterinary ... the latter of which helps diagnose many neurological or neuromuscular conditions relevant to speech phonology or swallowing. ... Overlap with other diagnostic medicine. Main articles: Diagnostic medicine, Oncology, Infectious disease, and Medical ... All infectious and organic diseases and physiological disorders. Significant tests. All medical diagnostic tests, particular ...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALS is a motor neuron disease, also spelled "motor neurone disease", which is a group of neurological disorders that ... Diagnostic criteria. The diagnosis of ALS is based on the El Escorial Revised criteria and the Awaji criteria. The ... a special recording technique that detects electrical activity in muscles. Certain EMG findings can support the diagnosis of ... Disease Primers. 3 (17071): 17071. doi:10.1038/nrdp.2017.71. PMID 28980624.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v van ...
In recent years, molecular diagnostic techniques based on the genetic component of the pathogen have become more popular. ... The many names of brucellosis include (human disease/animal disease): Malta fever/Bang's disease Undulant fever/enzootic ... Neurological symptoms include depression and mental fatigue. Cardiovascular involvement can include endocarditis resulting in ... diagnostic of the disease. In 1905, Zammit, a Maltese physician, identified goats as the source of infection. E. Bang, a Danish ...
"Nonculture Molecular Techniques for Diagnosis of Bacterial Disease in Animals: A Diagnostic Laboratory Perspective". Veterinary ... the latter of which helps diagnose many neurological or neuromuscular conditions relevant to speech phonology or swallowing. ... A few examples of autoimmune diseases are Type 1 diabetes, Addison's disease and Celiac disease. The third and final type of ... Techniques used are based on analyzing samples of DNA and RNA. Pathology is widely used for gene therapy and disease diagnosis ...
Diagnostic confirmation of aprosodia using brain scanning techniques is a relatively recent occurrence, at least with respect ... These neurological deficits can be the result of damage of some form to the non-dominant hemisphere areas of language ... It is likely that as time passes more diseases will be shown to exhibit aprosodia as a symptom. Aprosodia is a condition that ... As brain imaging techniques are refined to allow for greater temporal and spatial resolution, it is hoped that more will be ...
Anorexia nervosa (differential diagnoses)
Blanchet, C.; Luton, J. P. (2002). "Anorexia nervosa and Crohn disease: Diagnostic intricacies and difficulties. 3 cases". ... Upon performance of a CCK test, standard imaging techniques are done with the patient lying prone, in this instance it was done ... Various neurological deficits have been ascribed to this condition including misdiagnosis as an eating disorder. Multiple ... Diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made within 5 to 13 years."(Blanchet C, Luton JP. 2002)"This disease should be diagnostically ...
... disease. Mycoplasma pneumoniae Usually occurs in younger age groups and may be associated with neurological and systemic (e.g. ... Diseases Database Tang YW (December 2003). "Molecular diagnostics of atypical pneumonia" (PDF). Acta Pharmacol. Sin. 24 (12): ... However, newer techniques aid in the definitive identification of the pathogen, which may lead to more individualized treatment ... As the disease progresses, however, the look can tend to lobar pneumonia. Absence of leukocytosis. Extrapulmonary symptoms, ...
Pathological: for example trauma, neurological diseases, musculoskeletal anomalies, psychiatric disorders. The parameters taken ... Medical diagnostics. Pathological gait may reflect compensations for underlying pathologies, or be responsible for ... Techniques. Gait analysis involves measurement, where measurable parameters are introduced and analyzed, and ... Cory Doctorow makes much of gait recognition as a security technique used in a high school in his book Little Brother. ...
Ataxic cerebral palsy
In addition, utilizing diagnostic techniques to identify the nature and severity of brain abnormalities has become increasingly ... are also helpful in diagnosing the disease. In children, assessment of infantile reflexes is also a diagnostic tool, such as ... In addition, infants undergo neuroimaging studies once the infant has neurological findings suggestive of cerebral palsy. For ... With the improvement of brain imaging techniques in recent time, it may be possible in the future to utilize these techniques ...
... as well as neurological and circulatory disease. Podiatrists are also able to diagnose and treat any complications of the above ... As a technique for providing consistent weightbearing realignment they are utilised in the treatment of acute and chronic foot ... Diagnostic radiographic training is incorporated into the degree syllabus and on successful completion of the course, graduates ... Podiatrists can be the first to identify systemic diseases in patients, such as diabetes and vascular disease. Today's ...
"The role of bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling in the diagnostic evaluation of Cushing disease". Diagnostic and ... This is done via a combination of techniques including CRH, high-dose DST, BIPSS, and pituitary MRI. ... and neurological deficits (5.6%) were the most common complications reported. The analyses of the study show that complications ... The disease is often diagnosed 3-6 years after the onset of illness. Several studies have shown that Cushing's disease is ...
Clinical laboratory sciences are the clinical diagnostic services that apply laboratory techniques to diagnosis and management ... listen)) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. The word "medicine" is ... Neurological (consciousness, awareness, brain, vision, cranial nerves, spinal cord and peripheral nerves) ... Diagnostic radiology is concerned with imaging of the body, e.g. by x-rays, x-ray computed tomography, ultrasonography, and ...
Chiropractors, like other primary care providers, sometimes employ diagnostic imaging techniques such as X-rays and CT scans ... subluxation is the sole cause of disease and manipulation is the cure for all diseases of the human race. A 2003 ... and orthopedic and neurological evaluation. A chiropractor may also refer a patient to an appropriate specialist, or co- ... The diversified technique is the most often applied technique at 93%, followed by the Activator mechanical-assisted technique ...
Hodgson TS, Nielsen SM, Lesniak MS, Lukas RV (2016). "Neurological Management of Von Hippel-Lindau Disease". Neurologist ( ... Diagnostic method. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, tissue biopsy. Treatment. Surgery, radiation therapy ... Minimally invasive techniques are becoming the dominant trend in neurosurgical oncology. The prime remediating objective of ... American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Archived from the original on 24 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017.. ...
Singing is a form of rehabilitation for neurological impairments. Neurological impairments following a brain injury can be in ... Grocke, D. & Wigram, T. (2007). Receptive methods in music therapy: Techniques and clinical applications for music therapy ... Heart diseaseEdit. According to a 2013 Cochrane review, listening to music may improve heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood ... The DSM-IV TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) lists bereavement as a mental health diagnosis when the ...
Obstructive sleep apnea
"Journal of Thoracic Disease. 7 (8): 1311-1322. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.06.11. PMC 4561280. PMID 26380759.. ... neurological mechanisms trigger a sudden interruption of sleep, called a neurological arousal. These arousals rarely result in ... Grigg-Damberger M (February 2006). "Why a polysomnogram should become part of the diagnostic evaluation of stroke and transient ... "Sleep-related breathing disorders in adults: recommendations for syndrome definition and measurement techniques in clinical ...
Role in disease. Mutations in the first SOD enzyme (SOD1) can cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, a form ... Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 251 (1-2): 1-2. doi:10.1016/j.jns.2006.07.009. PMID 17070848.. ... as superoxide dismutase as an indophenol oxidase by protein analysis of starch gels using the phenazine-tetrazolium technique.[ ... a likely diagnostic of NiSODs. ... This was cut short by concerns about prion disease.[citation ...
... employing a wide range of innovative diagnostic techniques. Duchenne's clinical science stood at the junction of electricity, ... Charcot, Jean-Martin (1991) Clinical Lectures on Diseases of the Nervous System edited and introduced by Ruth Harris. London ... Though he never held a senior appointment in the hospital, Duchenne nevertheless made meticulous observations on neurological ... "and his teaching activities on the Salpêtrière's wards helped to elucidate the natural history of many diseases including ...
Epigenetics of neurodegenerative diseases
Urdinguio RG, Sanchez-Mut JV, Esteller M (November 2009). "Epigenetic mechanisms in neurological diseases: genes, syndromes, ... a CpG transformation technique which is sensitive to CpG methylation status, in which global hypomethylation has been observed. ... Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Main article: Alzheimer's Disease. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of ... Disease: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), spinal muscular atrophy (SMA ...
Anti-germ theory of diseasesEdit. Virchow did not believe in the germ theory of diseases, as advocated by Louis Pasteur and ... The modern autopsy still constitutes his techniques. His first significant autopsy was on a 50-year-old woman in 1845. He ... But reassessment of the diagnostic history revealed that Virchow was right in his findings and decisions. It is now believed ... A biography of Virchow by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons that deals with his early work in Cerebrovascular ...
This disease is part of the group of neglected tropical diseases. ... Using RT-PCR, diagnostic results can be available in one to two days. Serological diagnosis requires a larger amount of ... Rarely, neurological disorders have been reported in association with Chikungunya virus, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, ... The technique involves exposing specific cell lines to samples from whole blood and identifying Chikungunya virus-specific ...
He viewed CP from a musculoskeletal perspective instead of a neurological one. Phelps developed surgical techniques for ... Adults with cerebral palsy may have ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma more often. Obesity ... Diagnostic method. Based on child's development. Treatment. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, external ... "National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. July 2013. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017. Retrieved ...
Symptoms of muscle diseases may include weakness, spasticity, myoclonus and myalgia. Diagnostic procedures that may reveal ... A large proportion of neurological disorders, ranging from cerebrovascular accident (stroke) and Parkinson's disease to ... A non-invasive elastography technique that measures muscle noise is undergoing experimentation to provide a way of monitoring ... Other syndromes or conditions that can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart disease and some diseases of the ...
A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. Diagnostic tests can ... There are a number of methods or techniques that can be used in a diagnostic procedure, including performing a differential ... Neurological. *Mental state *Mini-mental state examination. *Cranial nerve examination. *Upper limb neurological examination ... The initial diagnostic impression can be a broad term describing a category of diseases instead of a specific disease or ...
Disease Control Priorities. 1 (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: World Bank. doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0346-8. hdl:10986/21568. ISBN 978-1 ... A CT is an imaging technique that allows physicians to see inside the head without surgery in order to determine if there is ... "In Brant WE, Helms CA (eds.). Fundamentals of Diagnostic Radiology. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. p. 53. ISBN ... A patient may present with or without neurological deficit. Patients with concussion may have a history of seconds to minutes ...
"Archives of Disease in Childhood. 94 (1): 42-46. doi:10.1136/adc.2007.134114. ISSN 0003-9888. PMC 2597689. PMID 18782846.. ... Techniques such as altered auditory feedback (see below), which may promote decreasing disfluency in people who stutter with ... In rare cases, stuttering may be acquired in adulthood as the result of a neurological event such as a head injury, tumour, ... Stuttering can also diagnosed per the DSM-5 diagnostic codes by clinical psychologists with adequate expertise. The most ...
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity
... could be shown with advanced diagnostic techniques to have celiac disease. Some authors conclude that the presence of ... or autoimmune diseases. NCGS has also been controversially implicated in some neurological and psychiatric disorders, including ... NCGS diagnostic recommendations have been established by several consensus conferences. Exclusion of celiac disease and wheat ... Mucosal challenge followed by confocal endomicroscopy is a complementary diagnostic technique, but this technology is not yet ...
... such as Alzheimer's disease) and also for neurological and cognitive psychology research and building brain-computer interfaces ... The technique measures the optical absorption of haemoglobin, and relies on the absorption spectrum of haemoglobin varying with ... and ever more detailed anatomic images of the brain became available for diagnostic and research purposes. Cormack and ... and neuron-damaging diseases which cause dementia (such as Alzheimer's disease) all cause great changes in brain metabolism, ...
Various methods/techniques are used to diagnose demyelinating diseases: *Exclusion of other conditions that have overlapping ... Any neurological disease in which the myelin sheath of neurons is damaged ... Diagnostic criteria refers to a specific combination of signs, symptoms, and test results that the clinician uses in an attempt ... A demyelinating disease is any disease of the nervous system in which the myelin sheath of neurons is damaged. This damage ...
Zhi Li, Ling; Yang, Xiaosheng (4 September 2014). China's rare earth ore deposits and beneficiation techniques (PDF). 1st ... The trends that are observed in "spider" diagrams are typically referred to as "patterns", which may be diagnostic of ... While REE levels varied between men and women the group most at risk were children because REEs can impacted the neurological ... used in freshwater fish farming by allowing the fish to consume the REE because it protects the fish from possible diseases.[ ...
... at Curlie. *Parkinson's Disease: Hope Through Research (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and ... has proposed diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease as well as research criteria for the diagnosis of prodromal disease, ... and meditation techniques. As for gait and addressing the challenges associated with the disease such as hypokinesia ( ... Illustration of Parkinson's disease by William Richard Gowers, first published in A Manual of Diseases of the Nervous System ( ...
Generalized anxiety disorder
... but die of the same age-related diseases as the population, such as heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and cancer. ... The diagnostic criteria for GAD as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5 (2013), ... Relaxation techniques lower the patients' stress and thus increase attention to alternatives in feared situations (other than ... a b International Classification of Diseases) ICD-10. *^ Spitzer, Robert L.; Kroenke, K; Williams, JB; Löwe, B (2006). "A Brief ...
The technique did have a 0.5-2.0% mortality rate, but that was considerably less than the 20-30% mortality rate of the disease ... Barton, Leslie L.; Friedman, Neil R. (2008). The Neurological Manifestations of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and ... Diagnostic method. Based on symptoms and confirmed by PCR. Differential diagnosis. Chickenpox, impetigo, molluscum ... "Smallpox Disease and Its Clinical Management" (PDF). From the training course titled "Smallpox: Disease, Prevention, and ...
Ferenczi, S. (1913) To whom does one relate one's dreams? In: Further Contributions to the Theory and Technique of Psycho- ... Neurological theories. Activation synthesis theory. Main article: Activation-synthesis hypothesis. In 1976 J. Allan Hobson and ... He thought dreams could analyze illness and predict diseases. Marcus Tullius Cicero, for his part, believed that all dreams are ... American Psychiatric Association (2000), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed, TR, p. 631 ...
Single-photon emission computed tomography
Neuroendocrine or neurological tumor scan. iodine-123 or iodine-131. 159. 13 hours or 8 days. MIBG. 400. 360. 60. 64 x 64. 30 ... Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT, or less commonly, SPET) is a nuclear medicine tomographic imaging technique ... If a patient is examined in another type of nuclear medicine scan, but the images are non-diagnostic, it may be possible to ... Elhendy et al., Dobutamine Stress Myocardial Perfusion Imaging in Coronary Artery Disease, J Nucl Med 2002 43: 1634-1646 ...
Diagnostic method. Based on symptoms. Differential diagnosis. Brain tumor, stroke, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, Lyme disease. ... National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) (April 2003). "Bell's Palsy Fact Sheet". Archived from the ... Surgery may be able to improve outcomes in facial nerve palsy that has not recovered. A number of different techniques ... Lyme disease may produce facial palsy. Sometimes the facial palsy occurs at the same time as the classic erythema migrans ...
In disease or disorderEdit. The study of executive function in Parkinson's disease suggests subcortical areas such as the ... Advances in neuroimaging techniques have allowed studies of genetic links to executive functions, with the goal of using the ... They are usually performed as part of a more comprehensive assessment to diagnose neurological and psychiatric disorders. ... These assessments can serve a diagnostic purpose for a number of clinical populations. ...
Developmental language disorder
... neurological disease, autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disability - these were termed 'differentiating conditions' by ... It is also parallel with other neurodevelopmental conditions and consistent with diagnostic frameworks such as DSM-5 and ICD-11 ... Treatment is usually carried out by speech and language therapists/pathologists, who use a wide range of techniques to ... "Archives of Disease in Childhood. 31 (157): 161-172. doi:10.1136/adc.31.157.161. PMC 2011959. PMID 13328151.. ...
Diagnostic techniques and procedures | The Medical Journal of Australia
Rendimiento en pruebas cognitivas breves, de adultos mayores con demencia en estadios avanzados, residentes de una comunidad...
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Huntingtons Disease , Major Depression , Multiple Sclerosis , Neurological AIDS , Neurological Trauma , Pain , Parkinsons ... Disease , Schizophrenia , Seizures and Epilepsy , Stroke , Tourette Syndrome. New Diagnostic Methods: Imaging Techniques , Gene ... Neural Disorders: Advances and Challenges: Addiction , Alzheimers Disease , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , Anxiety Disorders ...
Validación de la prueba de dibujo del reloj - versión de Manos - como prueba de cribado para detectar demencia en una población...
Frailty and Cognitive Function Assessment of TAVI Patients | Clinical Research Trial Listing ( Aortic Stenosis | VALVULAR...
VALVULAR HEART DISEASE , Quality of life , Frailty and Cognitive Function Assessment of TAVI Patients ... The neurological injury can be observed and/or detected by neuroimaging techniques and cognitive trajectories. A well ... Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valve disease among the adult population, in the majority of the cases it only requires ... POD is defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). POCD is defined by Kappetein et ...
Frequency of lyme borreliosis and diagnostic titers of antibodies to borrelia burgdorferi in patients with neurological...
The frequency of diagnostic titers of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in 289 examinees suffering from neurological diseases ... The frequency of diagnostic titers of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in 289 examinees suffering from neurological diseases ... In 10 patients (3.5%) the diagnosis of neuroborreliosis required verification with other techniques. It is thought valid to ... of lyme borreliosis and diagnostic titers of antibodies to borrelia burgdorferi in patients with neurological diseases in ...
Why headache treatment fails
Internal Medicine - Specialisms - Hospital and Specialists - RVC Equine - Royal Veterinary College, RVC
... stomach and intestine problems and diseases which affect the liver or kidneys ... Diagnostic techniques. We use a variety of advanced diagnostic techniques to investigate problems, including a state-of-the-art ... Diseases which affect the liver or kidneys. We also deal with diseases which affect the neurological and hormonal or ... We work alongside specialists in dermatology and ophthalmology to examine and treat horses with skin diseases and eye ...
Neurological Tests and Procedures | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library
MRI-guided laser ablation is a minimally invasive neurosurgical technique for a number of diseases, including brain tumors. ... A myelogram is a diagnostic imaging test generally done by a radiologist. It uses a contrast dye and X-rays or computed ... is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to treat neurological conditions such as Parkinson disease (PD), ... Flow diversion is a technique in which your surgeon uses a catheter to place a stent into the blood vessel where an aneurysm ...
Neuroendovascular Program - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
In addition, we use the latest imaging technology to provide diagnostic exams for a full range of neurological conditions. ... Many disease processes of the spine can be treated with percutaneous techniques. ... Clot-busting techniques such as embolization can be useful in the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke and tumors. ... Diagnostic Tests and Treatment Planning. In the last decade, neuroradiologists at Mass General have developed advanced imaging ...
SIRT3 Expression Decreases with Reactive Oxygen Species Generation in Rat Cortical Neurons during Early Brain Injury Induced by...
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), especially following rupture of an aneurysm, is a devastating neurological disease associated ... Although major advances have been made in surgical techniques and diagnostic radiology, the prognosis of aneurysmal SAH ... As shown in Figure 1, neurological scores of rats in the SAH group increased obviously at 24 h compared with that in the sham ... V. B. Pillai, N. R. Sundaresan, V. Jeevanandam, and M. P. Gupta, "Mitochondrial SIRT3 and heart disease," Cardiovascular ...
Educational Symposia & Symposia at Sea: Cruising Through the Essentials of Neuroradiology
Incorporate functional imaging techniques in the diagnosis and management of neurological disease. ... The purpose of this program is to improve diagnostic skills in neuroradiology and expand clinical knowledge of conditions ... review of neuroimaging and leads into more advanced imaging techniques used to diagnose and manage patients with neurological ... Emphasis is placed on the role of imaging in stroke, tumor detection, degenerative disease and trauma affecting the central ...
Reflex, Abnormal - MeSH - NCBI
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment CategoryDiagnosisDiagnostic Techniques and ProceduresDiagnostic Techniques ... NeurologicalNeurologic ExaminationReflexReflex, Abnormal. All MeSH CategoriesAnalytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques ... All MeSH CategoriesDiseases CategoryNervous System DiseasesNeurologic ManifestationsReflex, Abnormal ... and Equipment CategoryDiagnosisDiagnostic Techniques and ProceduresPhysical ExaminationNeurologic ExaminationReflexReflex, ...
Stroke Care | MemorialCare
Neurodiagnostics analyzes and monitors nervous system function to promote the effective treatment of neurological diseases and ... Interventional radiology (IR) is the use of radiology, image guidance, to perform minimally invasive procedures for diagnostics ... neurosurgeons perform complex surgical procedures and treat neurological conditions using the latest innovations and techniques ... Neurodiagnostics analyzes and monitors nervous system function to promote the effective treatment of neurological diseases and ...
Paging Dr. Frischer - Parkinson's disease - The Downey Patriot
Some experimental diagnostic techniques use PET and SPECT scans to measure brain dopamine activity. No drug can cure the ... The diagnosis is based on taking a medical history, observation of symptoms, and a neurological exam. There are no lab tests ... Frischer - Parkinsons disease. Eric Pierce October 27, 2011. Parkinsons disease: Made famous by Muhammad Ali and Michael J. ... In the early stages of the disease, rigidity may affect the neck and shoulder muscles, but as the disease progresses, rigidity ...
A High-Performance Multiplex Immunoassay for Serodiagnosis of Flavivirus-Associated Neurological Diseases in Horses
... immunoassay for serological detection of african horse sickness virus and comparison with other diagnostic techniques," ... A High-Performance Multiplex Immunoassay for Serodiagnosis of Flavivirus-Associated Neurological Diseases in Horses. Cécile ... Z. Hubálek and J. Halouzka, "West Nile fever-a reemerging mosquito-borne viral disease in Europe," Emerging Infectious Diseases ... Table 2: Determination of MIA cut-off, diagnostic sensitivity, and diagnostic specificity for WNV.sE, WNV.EDIII, JEV.EDIII, and ...
Translational Neuroscience | LUMC
Neurological disorders are particularly dependent on non-/ minimally invasive techniques to obtain reliable read outs for ... In all these diseases, patients experience impaired control of their muscles, which leads to severe disability and not ... diagnostic, prognostic and intervention monitoring purposes. To this end, Translational Neuroscience has established pipelines ... Neurological Motor Disorders Our research also targets the cause, course and treatment of a number of congenital and acquired ...
Hypotonia | Encyclopedia.com
Better diagnostic techniques and increased knowledge of neuromuscular disorders, however, have resulted in much less frequent ... Genetic disease -A disease that is (partly or completely) the result of the abnormal function or expression of a gene; a ... Neurological Development from Birth to Six Years: Guide for Examination and Evaluation. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University ... The surgical removal and microscopic examination of living tissue for diagnostic purposes or to follow the course of a disease ...
Electrophysiological techniques for clinical diagnosis - Wikipedia
Many neurological diseases cause symptoms that manifest far from the injured or deceased tissues. Locating and treating all ... However, visual evoked potentials do play a role in the whole diagnostic process. Parkinsons disease is a degenerative ailment ... Accurate differentiation of PD from any other neurological disorder and the identification of the disease course is important ... Diagnostics and Rehabilitation of Parkinsons Disease, Juliana Dushanova (Ed.), ISBN 978-953-307-791-8. ...
Frontiers | Analysis of Progression Toward Alzheimer's Disease Based on Evolutionary Weighted Random Support Vector Machine...
Furthermore, disease-related brain regions underlying the AD progression could be found out on the basis of the amount of ... Furthermore, disease-related brain regions underlying the AD progression could be found out on the basis of the amount of ... We validated our method in multiple binary classifications using Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative dataset. As a ... We validated our method in multiple binary classifications using Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative dataset. As a ...
Surgery for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection in A Pregnant Woman At 28 Weeks' Gestation
CES and progressive neurological deficits re.... Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - November 28, 2019. ... Management of Herniated Lumbar Disk Disease and Cauda Equina Syndrome in Pregnancy ... Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnostic modality of choice. Nonoperative treatment strategies are successful in the vast ... However, herniated lumbar disk disease is an uncommon cause for such pain. Cauda equina syndrome (CES) during pregnancy is a ...
Neurological Research Institute & Clinical Trials | NorthShore
Our neurological research institute has a strong commitment to research and innovation. Learn more about neurology clinical ... to understand better the causes of neurological diseases and to develop new methods of predicting and improving neurological ... We are regularly launching new clinical studies to ensure that the latest diagnostic technology, clinical treatments and ... surgical techniques are available for our patients; and ... Neurological Institute co-Directors are leading some of the ...
Magnetic resonance angiographic screening of aneurysms in migraine
QUESTION 2 Neurological complications of diagnostic cerebral catheter angiography in children. McCrea, Nadine; Robertson, ... The author mentions that despite of non-invasive cerebrovascular imaging techniques like Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) ... Cerebrovascular Diseases;Jun2017, Vol. 43 Issue 5/6, p272 Background: The invasiveness and risk of thromboembolic complications ... In this article, the author focuses on possibility of neurological complications due to diagnostic catheter cerebral ...
Sjögren's Syndrome Information Page | National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
... improving diagnostic techniques, testing interventions, and finding ways to treat, prevent, and cure the disease. ... improving diagnostic techniques, testing interventions, and finding ways to treat, prevent, and cure the disease. ... improving diagnostic techniques, testing interventions, and finding ways to treat, prevent, and cure the disease. ... improving diagnostic techniques, testing interventions, and finding ways to treat, prevent, and cure the disease. ...
Training for Diagnosing Neurological Disorders - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Neurological Disorders. Neuromuscular Transmission Disorders. Central Demyelinating Disorders. Myelopathy. Motor Neuron Disease ... The goal of this protocol is to train fellows in advanced physiological techniques used for diagnosing neurological disorders. ... Healthy volunteers and patients with neurological disorders of nerve and muscle who require specialized diagnostic testing may ... This training protocol has two objectives: 1) to train NINDS fellows in specialized techniques for diagnosing neurological ...
New Technique Greatly Increases Sensitivity of Genetic Testing | HHMI.org
A new laboratory method invented by HHMI investigators and their colleagues improves the accuracy of current genetic diagnostic ... The technique may also be used to enhance the accuracy of diagnostic tests for a wide range of inherited diseases, including ... other forms of cancer and neurological disorders.. For certain hereditary colon cancers, virtually all mutations in a gene will ... "The technique is simple enough that it should not add much to the costs of testing for certain diseases if it is implemented in ...
Efficacy of HGF Gene Transfer for Various Nervous Injuries and Disorders | Bentham Science
CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets * Oxidative Stress in Alzheimer Patients in Different Stages of the Disease. ... Plasma Steroid Level Measured Using Modern Separation Techniques as Biomarkers in Biological Diagnostics. Current ... CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets * Disulfiram: An Old Therapeutic with New Applications. CNS & Neurological ... CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets *Adverse Effects of Non-Stimulant ADHD Drugs: Atomoxetine, Alpha-Agonists. Current ...
Search Results for "magnetic resonance neurography" | jns
The current gold standard for the diagnosis of peripheral nerve disease in addition to the neurological examination is needle ... 11 New technology continues to emerge which may serve to supplement the currently available diagnostic techniques. Magnetic ... M anagement of peripheral nerve disease is often challenged by the characterization and localization of the underlying disease ... Such techniques were used to evaluate this patient. Magnetic resonance neurography was performed using a 1.5-tesla clinical ...
Cyclic E2 and P4 on Alzheimer's Disease Pathways
... may help those patients with active disease as well as prevent the onset of Alzheimers and other neurodegenerative diseases. ... Alzheimers disease has been clearly linked to the degradation of microtubules and microtubule-associated tau (τ) and β-amyloid ... diagnostic, and neurological examinations. As per the mechanism above, we expect that there will be a slowing or abatement of ... Investigations into the advancement of AD can be determined through standard medical techniques (magnetic resonance imaging and ...
MajorGeneticDisordersAlzheimer'sEarly detection of neurologicalMultiple SclerosisEpilepsySymptomsNorthShore Neurological InstituteTherapiesBiomarkersFull range of neurologicalExamNeurologyTreat neurological conditionsManagement of neurologicalIncidence of neurologicalConditionsInfectiousAssessmentProceduresPediatricDiagnosis and treatmentCommon neurologicalBiomarkerExaminationDisorder characterizedProgressive neurologicalPrognosisParkinson's DiseaseSurgicalStrokeNeurologistsSensitivityAcuteSpinal cordDetectionDysfunctionMorbidityLaboratoryMinimallyBiopsyDiagnoseMultidisciplinaryTestsModalitiesPsychiatric diseases
- It includes a practical review of neuroimaging and leads into more advanced imaging techniques used to diagnose and manage patients with neurological disorders. (edusymp.com)
- This program is designed for practicing radiologists, neurologists and neurosurgeons who interpret or rely on imaging studies for the evaluation of neurological disorders. (edusymp.com)
- It will benefit physicians who clinically manage patients with neurological disorders and traumatic injuries to the central nervous system. (edusymp.com)
- Describe the evolving role of imaging in the management of neurological disorders. (edusymp.com)
- The Neuroendovascular Program uses minimally invasive procedures to treat a range of neurovascular diseases and spinal disorders. (massgeneral.org)
- The mission of the Neuroendovascular Program of the Neurovascular Service at Mass General is to foster the health of patients with neurovascular diseases and spine disorders. (massgeneral.org)
- We use a minimally invasive approach to treat neurovascular diseases and spine disorders. (massgeneral.org)
- many patients have multiple paroxysmal cerebral disorders, the attacks tend to become chronic on medication and the diseases are often caused by poorly functioning communication between nerve cells. (lumc.nl)
- Additionally, research focuses on disorders such as Huntington and Parkinson disease, with progressive movement impairments caused by a dysfunction of the central brain control. (lumc.nl)
- Neurological disorders are particularly dependent on non-/ minimally invasive techniques to obtain reliable read outs for diagnostic, prognostic and intervention monitoring purposes. (lumc.nl)
- DodoNA Project -At NorthShore the DodoNA Project is a study that uses blood samples and our award-winning electronic medical record to discover DNA variations that predict neurological outcomes and that will guide the development of disease-modifying treatments for 11 neurological disorders. (northshore.org)
- More precisely, we provide a diagnostic model that discriminate between cerebellum-pontine angle (CPA) tumors and otorhinolaryngological (ENT) disorders. (worldwidescience.org)
- Usually, in order to distinguish between CPA tumors and ENT disorders one must perform clinical-neurological examination together with expensive radiological imagery (CT and MRI). (worldwidescience.org)
- The goals of research on disorders such as Sjögren's syndrome focus on increasing knowledge and understanding of the disorder, improving diagnostic techniques, testing interventions, and finding ways to treat, prevent, and cure the disease. (nih.gov)
- This training protocol has two objectives: 1) to train NINDS fellows in specialized techniques for diagnosing neurological disorders, and 2) to gather data from healthy volunteers and from patients with various disorders needed for tests to diagnose disorders of nerve, muscle, and the areas of the brain controlling movement. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Healthy volunteers and patients with neurological disorders of nerve and muscle who require specialized diagnostic testing may be eligible for this study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The goal of this protocol is to train fellows in advanced physiological techniques used for diagnosing neurological disorders. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The technique may also be used to enhance the accuracy of diagnostic tests for a wide range of inherited diseases, including other forms of cancer and neurological disorders. (hhmi.org)
- The handbook for mental health professionals (called the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , or the DSM-IV-TR) classifies both types of panic disorder as anxiety disorders. (encyclopedia.com)
- His coursework has steadily directed him toward the study of neurological disorders, including epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease, and the methods by which AI and machine learning can contribute to a better understanding of brain connectivity. (intel.com)
- Panuwat offered this description of his brain connectivity project: "This research aims to take full advantage of connectivity analysis, where the method can be used to reveal and extract the hidden features presented in neurological disorders. (intel.com)
- National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London-a secondary and tertiary referral hospital for neurological disorders. (bmj.com)
- Neurological clinical diagnosis at face to face reassessment by a neurologist and a psychiatric diagnosis after a standardised assessment interview-the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia-conducted by a psychiatrist. (bmj.com)
- Only three subjects had new organic neurological disorders at follow up that fully or partly explained their previous symptoms. (bmj.com)
- It also covers the aspects of neurological disorders and the fundamental aspects of the physics of magnetic resonance, spectroscopy, as well as a review of MR techniques. (waterstones.com)
- My hope is that this gift will be the force to help scientists and clinicians collaborate seamlessly so that one day, from this Institute, the cure for Alzheimer's disease, stroke and other neurological disorders will emerge. (bio-medicine.org)
- The final part features unique coverage of the molecular genetics of distinct biological systems, covering muscle, neurological, eye, cancer, and mitochondrial disorders. (wiley.com)
- Reviews have also shown that conditions at work have an effect on musculoskeletal disorders ( 10 ), mental disorders ( 11 ) and cardiovascular diseases ( 12 ). (tidsskriftet.no)
- This new information provides much more detail and will enable us to learn much more about the way in which the human brain is connected, knowledge that becomes increasingly valuable in our battle against many neurological disorders. (southampton.ac.uk)
- Advanced MRI techniques have enormous potential as diagnostic tools for the early detection of neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's, autism, schizophrenia and epilepsy. (southampton.ac.uk)
- The Course intends to provide students with a strong background on the molecular pathogenesis of inherited neurological disorders, with emphasis on the diagnostic approaches and the most innovative therapeutic strategies. (unimi.it)
- Finally, the course contains a module of neuropsychopharmacology that will provide the pharmacological bases for the treatment of all neurological and psychiatric disorders described during the entire curriculum. (unimi.it)
- Students will learn about how to use biotechnological approaches for the diagnosis and treatment of inherited neurological disorders and the physical bases and possible applications of the most important imaging techniques for the study of CNS (MRI, fMRI, PET/SPET). (unimi.it)
- Molecular basis of inherited neurological disorders, including motor neuron diseases and metabolic encephalopathies. (unimi.it)
- Oligonucleotide and small molecule therapies for neurological disorders. (unimi.it)
- Internationally, Professor Haffner is involved in the cooperation and coordination of clinical research on topics such as growth and development, cardiovascular health and bone disease in children with renal disorders. (mh-hannover.de)
- Research groups on congenital and acquired kidney and liver diseases, neurological and metabolic disorders focus on the cause of these diseases, while also continuing to develop innovative diagnostic and treatment strategies. (mh-hannover.de)
- ACTA NEUROLOGICA SCANDINAVICA presents original clinical, diagnostic or experimental work in neuroscience, especially those which bring new knowledge and observations from the application of therapies or techniques in the combating of a broad spectrum of neurological disease and neurodegenerative disorders. (periodicals.com)
- Biomarkers are being established that hold great promise for more precise diagnostic classification of psychiatric disorders but also understanding of the high comorbidity between specific psychiatric disease entities and a host of medical and neurological diseases. (springer.com)
- Halaris A. Neurological disorders, depression and inflammation: is there a common link? (springer.com)
- To improve quality of life for patients managing complex neurological disorders. (uwmedicine.org)
- Imaging and diagnostic testing help our neurosciences team accurately identify neurologic disorders, determine their severity and monitor a patient's health after a diagnosis has been made. (uwmedicine.org)
- Parkinson's disease, tremors and other movement disorders cause a person's body to move involuntarily. (uwmedicine.org)
- The advancement in the technology and rise in adoption rate of the biomarkers in diagnosis has expanded the feasibility of the use of biomarkers in diagnosis of various disorders such as genetic, cardiac, cancer and other immunological diseases. (sbwire.com)
- The initial chapters address the basics of cervical spine anatomy and biomechanics as well as the pathophysiology leading to various cervical degenerative disorders and the possible neurological sequelae. (springer.com)
- Additionally, rise in occurrence rates of cardiovascular disorders, genetic disorders, neurological disorders are also expected to fuel the market growth. (sbwire.com)
- Furthermore, it gives doctors early information about many neurological disorders and heart disease. (bloglet.com)
- Radioisotopes are used in a wide variety of applications like oncology, cardiovascular and neurological disorders. (globenewswire.com)
- Nuclear medicine comprises diagnostic and therapeutic techniques that use radioisotopes for applications like oncology, cardiovascular and neurological disorders to provide information at both molecular and cellular level for probing, tracking tissue function, study disease progression and assessing treatment responses. (marketresearch.com)
- Our team uses the latest techniques and technologies to provide accurate diagnosis and rapid treatment for children with neurological disorders. (childrensnational.org)
- Among the best programs in the nation, we have the expertise to accurately evaluate, diagnose and treat the full range of neurological disorders children - using the latest, most scientifically advanced diagnostic equipment, therapies, techniques and medications available. (uhhospitals.org)
- If successful, it will offer the potential for treatment for clinically devastating pediatric neurological disorders. (bio-medicine.org)
- By developing new methods to examine disease relevant genes in neurological disorders, we move closer to unlocking the mysteries of ALS and other neurological diseases," said Dr. Karsten. (medica-tradefair.com)
- This study provides us new clues to continue to investigate the causes and to seek the therapies that can make a difference in the lives of those suffering from neurological disorders. (medica-tradefair.com)
- Increasing demand for innovative diagnostic techniques, neurological disorders and increasing disease awareness are. (dicardiology.com)
- Alzheimer's disease (AD) could be described into following four stages: healthy control (HC), early mild cognitive impairment (EMCI), late MCI (LMCI) and AD dementia. (frontiersin.org)
- We validated our method in multiple binary classifications using Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative dataset. (frontiersin.org)
- In recent years, Alzheimer's disease has been clearly linked to the degradation of microtubules and microtubule-associated tau ( τ ) and β-amyloid ( β A) proteins. (scirp.org)
- Given the ability of estrogen to prevent τ hyperphosphorylation and increase metabolism of the β A precursor protein, we propose the possibility of controlling both protein cycles through the exogenous application of estrogen and progesterone may help those patients with active disease as well as prevent the onset of Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. (scirp.org)
- Abstract-Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is a major concern due to large portions of the elderly population it affects and the lack of a standard and effective diagnosis procedure that is available to community healthcare providers. (psu.edu)
- Several studies have been performed using wavelets or other signal processing methods to analyze EEG signals in an attempt to find a biomarker for Alzheimer's disease, which showed varying degrees of success. (psu.edu)
- Abstract-The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is rising alarmingly as the average age of our population increases. (psu.edu)
- Medical understanding of certain neurological conditions, such as epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease, has been an ongoing challenge, both in terms of the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions. (intel.com)
- Ongoing work is taking advantage of subject data primarily collected from regional hospitals collaborating on the project, including patient data for Alzheimer's disease and epilepsy. (intel.com)
- ROCHESTER, N.Y., May 13 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A multi-million dollar gift from one of Rochester's hometown entrepreneurs promises to launch the University of Rochester Medical Center's (URMC) neuromedicine program into a nationally recognized, comprehensive center for investigating and treating neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, muscular dystrophy, stroke, and trauma to the brain and spinal cord. (bio-medicine.org)
- He's impressed that scientific studies in Rochester are providing critical insight into neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's, stroke, brain tumors and injuries to the brain and spinal cord, all of which are rapidly becoming more prevalent. (bio-medicine.org)
- The Ernest J. Del Monte Neuromedicine Institute will focus initially on four major programs already well-established at the Medical Center: Alzheimer's disease, stroke, spinal cord and brain injuries, and brain tumors. (bio-medicine.org)
- More recently, Amyvid, a specific Alzheimer's plaque agent, has been used to evaluate the degree of amyloid plaque buildup in the brain, which has been implicated in the development of Alzheimer's disease. (northshore.org)
- We would consider glucose a metabolic biomarker in neurological diseases, for example Alzheimer's. (bruker.com)
- For example, although Alzheimer's disease cannot be diagnosed by a specific laboratory test, laboratory testing may reveal another cause (e.g., thyroid problems) of symptoms similar to those of Alzheimer's disease. (medbroadcast.com)
- Although each technique can yield images consistent with Alzheimer's disease, the real value of these tests is the ability to diagnose other causes of dementia that can mimic Alzheimer's disease. (medbroadcast.com)
- The use of genetic tests to diagnose Alzheimer's disease is limited to inherited, early-onset forms of the disease. (medbroadcast.com)
- Testing for late-onset Alzheimer's disease is not recommended, since testing cannot predict who will develop Alzheimer's disease and who will not. (medbroadcast.com)
- Ultimately, a definitive diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease requires confirmation of the diagnosis by brain biopsy or autopsy. (medbroadcast.com)
Early detection of neurological1
- The sensitivity of this technique can enable a new class of tests that could allow early detection of neurological conditions like Alzheimer s disease years or even decades before the first symptoms appear, said co-researcher Harish Pant of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). (nanotech-now.com)
- Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to treat neurological conditions such as Parkinson disease (PD), essential tremor, and multiple sclerosis. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Whether the injury is from a recent stroke, trauma to the spinal cord or a progressive disorder such as multiple sclerosis, neurological impairments can significantly decrease independence in daily activities and limit mobility. (memorialcare.org)
- Providing high resolution details without radiation, MR imaging is used for initial diagnosis or follow up for neurological conditions, including brain tumors , stroke , multiple sclerosis , infections, dementia and neck masses. (northshore.org)
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition which affects around 100,000 people in the UK. (mscare.org)
- Seizure disorder also known as epilepsy, is a neurological condition in which the brain's abnormal electrical activity causes muscular convulsions and altered mental states. (healthtap.com)
- Since 2008, Cleveland Clinic's Epilepsy Center has been among a select number of institutions in the world with MEG (magnetoencephalography), a technique used to better identify epileptic sources in patients in whom the area of the brain causing the seizure would otherwise be difficult to identify. (clevelandclinic.org)
- The diagnostic process in epilepsy is still faced with many challenges, in particular to make a reliable estimate of seizure recurrence. (utwente.nl)
- Other recognized motor signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease include gait and posture disturbances such as rapid shuffling steps and a forward flexed posture while walking (festination). (thedowneypatriot.com)
- The primary symptoms of Parkinson's disease result from greatly reduced activity due to the death of these dopamine-secreting cells. (thedowneypatriot.com)
- The diagnosis is based on taking a medical history, observation of symptoms, and a neurological exam. (thedowneypatriot.com)
- However, as the disease progresses and dopamine neurons continue to be lost, these drugs lose their effectiveness and can even worsen symptoms. (thedowneypatriot.com)
- The most recent promising approach in the later stages of the disease is a surgery with deep brain stimulation, which can block the impulses that cause tremors and other symptoms. (thedowneypatriot.com)
- Many neurological diseases cause symptoms that manifest far from the injured or deceased tissues. (wikipedia.org)
- To investigate psychiatric and neurological morbidity, diagnostic stability, and indicators of prognosis in patients previously identified as having medically unexplained motor symptoms. (bmj.com)
- Our subjects were a consecutive series with unexplained motor symptoms, admitted between 1989 and 1991 to the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (formerly the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases). (bmj.com)
- Possible CNS Whipple's disease should be diagnosed in the setting of unexplained systemic symptoms and neurological signs (supranuclear vertical gaze palsy, rhythmic myoclonus, dementia with psychiatric symptoms, or hypothalamic manifestations). (nih.gov)
- The disease is classified into several forms, which are differentiated based on the onset age of neurological symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
- A rare form of this disease, known as Adult-Onset or Late-Onset Tay-Sachs disease, usually has its first symptoms during the 30s or 40s. (wikipedia.org)
- It is notoriously difficult to diagnose as it has many symptoms but not all sufferers experience all of them and the disease can progress at different rates. (mscare.org)
- infections have been documented in blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid specimens from patients with diverse neurological symptoms. (canlyme.com)
- Although CBD was historically described as a motor disease, it is now recognized that cognitive and behavioral symptoms also herald CBD and not uncommonly predate motor symptoms. (rarediseases.org)
NorthShore Neurological Institute2
- The department has pioneered research in restorative therapy for the treatment of stroke, traumatic brain injury, peripheral neuropathy and neurodegenerative diseases using both cell-based and pharmacologic therapies, and has now again pioneered the use of exosomes, nanoparticle containers released by many cells, for the restorative treatment of neurological injury, and disease. (henryford.com)
- Similarly, FDA orphan drug designation is intended to encourage companies to develop therapies for the treatment of diseases that affect fewer than 200,000 individuals in the U.S. This designation could provide AAA with seven years of marketing exclusivity for AAA's Gallium-68 DOTATATE as a diagnostic agent for the management of GEP-NETs if it receives first approval by the FDA. (newswire.ca)
- Which biomarkers may help improve diagnosis, prognosis and response to therapy, and help us understand disease mechanisms? (lumc.nl)
- The purpose of this article is to compare and evaluate the advantages and benefits of the cognitive screening technique Virtual Scanning with contemporary diagnostic and screening techniques, in particular genetic screening and biomarkers. (eurekaselect.com)
- The article highlights the limitations of genetic screening and biomarkers and the perceived advantages which Virtual Scanning may have for routine mass screening e.g. of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancers, depression, migraine, etc. (eurekaselect.com)
- The purpose of this Program Announcement (PAR) is to enable analytical validation of strong candidate biomarkers for neurological diseases and conditions. (nih.gov)
- The diagnostic biomarkers have early inferences for detection of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA). (sbwire.com)
- Biomarkers are used in various purposes such as disease diagnosis, prognosis, prediction and assessment of treatment response. (sbwire.com)
- Diagnostic biomarkers can extend the base of information of the underlying pathology of a disease along with providing means for homogeneous classification of a disease possible factors that are risk for the body. (sbwire.com)
- Biomarkers are vital agents that can provide the information about the disease starting with the initiation of the disease till its terminal stage. (sbwire.com)
- The requirement for the perfect diagnosis is the careful assessment of the validity of biomarkers with respect to the stage of any disease. (sbwire.com)
- Diagnostic biomarkers can be effective for veterinary purpose in canine pyometra and sepsis where the cytokines are used as diagnostic biomarkers. (sbwire.com)
- However, there are some more factors that impede the market such as the availability of the resources and limited studies related to the diagnostic biomarkers. (sbwire.com)
- It is a collection of techniques used to analyse biomarkers in genomics and proteomics. (sbwire.com)
Full range of neurological1
- Many people seem to believe EPM can be diagnosed solely on the basis of an abnormal neurological exam, and that cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) testing is too prone to error to be of any use. (equisearch.com)
- This exam is used for vascular conditions including intracranial aneurysms, vascular malformations (AVM, dural AV fistula), stroke, carotid disease and arterial dissection. (northshore.org)
- The center, designed with the patient in mind, has an expansive gym with specialty equipment for patients with neurological impairments, spacious exam rooms, and convenient parking in the adjacent parking structure. (stanford.edu)
- Given its scope, this book is of interest to radiologists involved in MR interpretation, neuroradiologists seeking an up-to-date review, and all workers in the field of diagnostic and therapeutic neurology. (waterstones.com)
- Our outstanding team of staff and physicians are leaders in neurology and neurosciences, with extensive experience and expertise in treating nearly all forms of neurological disease. (swedishhospital.com)
Treat neurological conditions1
- MemorialCare's renowned neurosurgeons perform complex surgical procedures and treat neurological conditions using the latest innovations and techniques in neurosurgery, such as minimally invasive surgery, intraoperative MRI, computer-assisted brain surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, awake brain surgery and deep brain stimulation. (memorialcare.org)
Management of neurological1
Incidence of neurological1
- We work alongside specialists in dermatology and ophthalmology to examine and treat horses with skin diseases and eye conditions. (rvc.ac.uk)
- Get the facts on diseases, conditions, tests and procedures. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- It uses catheters and radiology to diagnose and treat various conditions and diseases of the central nervous system. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Our treatment options provide an alternative to surgery for conditions including cerebral aneurysms, stroke and back pain using endovascular techniques to reach lesions. (massgeneral.org)
- The toolset of available electrophysiological techniques has been carefully applied to the study of patients suffering from a wide variety of conditions in the hopes of finding novel and more reliable diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
- Some conditions where the usefulness of electrophysiological techniques has been determined or being studied with promising results follow: In the event of a traumatic brain injury the presence of a brainstem lesion has a significant impact in the prognosis of the patient. (wikipedia.org)
- Neurodiagnostics analyzes and monitors nervous system function to promote the effective treatment of neurological diseases and conditions. (memorialcare.org)
- The prognosis may seem grim, but modern advancements in diagnostic tools, medicines, and surgical techniques help a large number of patients enjoy active, long lives despite their conditions. (wisegeek.com)
- 1 2 He found that over half of the patients developed clear cut neurological or psychiatric conditions during follow up. (bmj.com)
- It will also galvanize physicians across the region who treat patients with neurological conditions. (bio-medicine.org)
- MR CSF Flow for determining the state of cerebrospinal fluid flow around the brain and spinal cord to identify abnormal neurological conditions. (northshore.org)
- Computed tomography (CT) scanning is utilized in a variety of acute neurological conditions, including rapid assessment of trauma, stroke and for mass effect from tumors and other intracranial lesions. (northshore.org)
- This shows that working conditions have an effect on a number of groups of diseases that have a major impact on public health. (tidsskriftet.no)
- The potential challenges tend to be chronic age-related conditions, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and neurological diseases, and these will become more prevalent as population demographics shift upward. (yahoo.com)
- Any improvements in diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases can lead to substantial financial savings in healthcare provision, especially with our aging population, where mental conditions such as dementia are becoming a significant problem. (southampton.ac.uk)
- Mayo Clinic doctors trained in nervous system conditions (neurologists), nerve surgery (neurosurgeons) and other specialties actively study central nervous system vascular malformations and other neurological conditions. (mayoclinic.org)
- These conditions can lead to neck pain and/or neurological deficit that can significantly compromise an individual's quality of life. (springer.com)
- The discovery could lead directly to better care for people with rare diseases like spinocerebellar ataxia, leukodsystrophy, spastic paraplegia and many other conditions. (eurekalert.org)
- GE Healthcare's broad range of products and services enable healthcare providers to better diagnose and treat cancer, heart disease, neurological diseases and other conditions earlier. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- Dystonia is a general term for a group of neurological conditions characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force a certain part(s) of the body into abnormal, sometimes painful, movements and positions (postures). (rarediseases.org)
- Cerebellar ataxia: a movement disorder which with its sudden onset, often following an infectious viral disease, causes hypotonia. (encyclopedia.com)
- Different factors pushing the growth of the segment include the increasing incidence of infectious diseases, wide-ranging services offered by hospital laboratories, and the availability of independent laboratories. (comunicati.net)
- Written by experts in infectious diseases, the book covers topics that are the most devastating, including healthcare-acquired infections, autoimmune encephalitis, and infections as they present in HIV patients. (springer.com)
- Meningitis and Encephalitis is a well-rounded resource for all medical professionals encountering these neurological syndromes, including infectious disease specialists, neurologists, primary care physicians, and immunologists. (springer.com)
- Molecular diagnostics plays a vital role in infectious disease testing as they provide fast and effective results. (sbwire.com)
- The growing incidence of infectious diseases and various types of cancers rise in awareness programs, progress in biomarker identification, acceptance of personalized medicines are the factors expected to drive the market growth over the forecast period. (sbwire.com)
- The North America dominates the global market for molecular diagnostics as it holds the highest market share due to increasing demand for the advanced techniques in molecular diagnostics, large elderly population, increase in the number of cases of infectious and chronic diseases, and acceptance of personalized medicines are the major factors for the growth of American market. (sbwire.com)
- The company also offers technologies and assays that detect and monitor infectious diseases, sexually transmitted diseases. (sbwire.com)
- The Western Progression of Lyme Disease: Infectious and Non-clonal Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato Populations in Grand Forks County, North Dakota. (canlyme.com)
- Volume 20, Number 3-March 2014 Emerging Infectious Disease Bartonella henselae and B. koehlerae DNA in Birds To the Editor: Bartonellosis, a globally emerging vector-borne zoonotic bacterial disease, is caused by hemotropic, gram-negative, aerobic, facultative intracellular Bartonella spp. (canlyme.com)
- Lyme (Borreliosis), Anaplasmosis, Ehrlichiosis, Babesiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Bartonella, Tularemia, and more recently, Borrelia miyamotoi (a distant relative of Lyme Borreliosis) are recognized tick-borne infectious diseases in the United States, of which Lyme disease is the most common and fastest growing illness. (canlyme.com)
- This course is an overview of the psychodynamic, cognitive/behavioral, and existential/humanistic schools of psychology, as well as corresponding models of counseling and frequently used assessment and therapeutic techniques. (rockies.edu)
- We have established non-invasive methods for assessment of endothelial function and also applied this technique to other diseases known for the development of cardiovascular lesions. (mh-hannover.de)
- Factors such as specificity of the disease, complications during the assessment of the technique is expected to resist the growth for diagnostic biomarker market. (sbwire.com)
- 170 citations of studies involving monitoring of nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) penile vascular assessment, neurological assessment, endocrine assessment and various treatment modalities including revascularization, intracavernous injections, endocrine treatment, and external devices. (ahrq.gov)
- In 2017, computed tomography (CT) straightforwardly offers the best alternative to invasive angiography for the anatomical assessment of epicardial coronary disease. (bjcardio.co.uk)
- The Interventional Neuroradiology Program of the Neurovascular Service is based in the Department of Radiology and uses minimally invasive procedures to treat a range of neurovascular disease and spinal disorder. (massgeneral.org)
- 67.6% (25/37) of institutions stated that they have established standard operating procedures for OD using a mostly sequential diagnostic approach (86.5%, 32/37). (smw.ch)
- Those describing surgical procedures include a discussion on indications/contraindications, pre-operative planning, surgical technique, post-operative care, and complication avoidance. (springer.com)
- PET is a powerful diagnostic tool because it provides information about the function and anatomy of the body that would otherwise require invasive procedures and even surgery. (bloglet.com)
- However, regulatory issues, high cost and supply shortage of isotopes, shorter half life of radiopharmaceuticals, and threat from traditional/alternative diagnostic procedures are hampering the growth of the market. (globenewswire.com)
- Diagnostics market held the largest market revenue in 2017 and is expected grow at single digit CAGR due to increase in SPECT and PET procedures. (marketresearch.com)
- Follow us on LinkedIn - Nuclear medicine encompasses therapeutic and diagnostic procedures, which are economical, safe and painless techniques. (prweb.com)
- These will include transcatheter valve repairs or replacements (TAVR), left atrial appendage (LAA) occluder placements to eliminate the need for warfarin in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, peripheral artery disease (PAD) interventions and procedures to correct congenital heart defects. (dicardiology.com)
- As healthcare reform continues to move forward and physicians increasingly rely on evidence-based medicine, medical societies are developing appropriate use criteria (AUC) for all tests, procedures and disease states. (dicardiology.com)
Diagnosis and treatment2
- In the last decade, neuroradiologists at Mass General have developed advanced imaging techniques for the diagnosis and treatment planning of neurovascular diseases. (massgeneral.org)
- Diagnosis and treatment of definite CNS Whipple's disease should be based on the presence of pathognomic signs (oculomasticatory myorhythmia or oculo-facial-skeletal myorhythmia) or positive biopsy or polymerase chain reaction results. (nih.gov)
- Revenue growth in the diagnostic biomarker is expected to gain traction in the near future as they are dependent on the prevalence of diseases such as cancer and other cardiac problems. (sbwire.com)
- The above fact is expected to somehow impede the growth for diagnostic biomarker market in the near future. (sbwire.com)
- By region, diagnostic biomarker market is segmented into five regions: North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and the Middle East & Africa. (sbwire.com)
- North America dominates the global diagnostic biomarker market due to extensive use of the technology in research and development process followed by Western Europe and Japan in Asia Pacific region. (sbwire.com)
- The current gold standard for the diagnosis of peripheral nerve disease in addition to the neurological examination is needle EMG and associated NCS. (thejns.org)
- They are screened with a medical history and neurological examination. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Outcome was assessed on the basis of face to face neurological and psychiatric examination and scrutiny of all available medical records. (bmj.com)
- Few reviews of CNS Whipple's disease have delineated the frequencies of abnormalities on neurological examination, cerebrospinal fluid studies, neuroimaging, and intestinal biopsy studies. (nih.gov)
- ALS is a neurological disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of motor neuron cells in the spinal cord and brain, which ultimately results in paralysis and death. (medica-tradefair.com)
- Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a rare progressive neurological disorder characterized by cell loss and deterioration of specific areas of the brain. (rarediseases.org)
- Although major advances have been made in surgical techniques and diagnostic radiology, the prognosis of aneurysmal SAH patients is still poor [ 3 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Recently, a large body of aneurysmal SAH literature has indicated strongly that early brain injury (EBI) might play a more pivotal role in neurological impairment and poor prognosis after SAH [ 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Receiving earnest psychological and emotional support as the disease progresses can also improve the prognosis of Parkinson's. (wisegeek.com)
- Decades of research and advancements in modern medicine have greatly improved the prognosis of Parkinson's disease. (wisegeek.com)
- New diagnostic methods and surrogate markers for prognosis after organ transplantation were developed here and immunosuppressive strategies initiated. (mh-hannover.de)
- Emphasis is placed on the role of imaging in stroke, tumor detection, degenerative disease and trauma affecting the central nervous system. (edusymp.com)
- Interventional techniques such as thrombolysis can be useful in the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke. (massgeneral.org)
- Multi-disciplinary care by neurologists, neurosurgeons, interventional neuroradiologists and diagnostic neuroradiologist, in coordination with Emergency Department and critical care teams, provide expedited and comprehensive care to attain the best possible outcomes for stroke patients. (memorialcare.org)
- Research at the Neurological Institute is multidisciplinary, with neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists, neuropsychologists and a large team of research personnel engaged in a wide array of studies, often national and international in scope. (northshore.org)
- These subspecialists work closely with NorthShore's neurologists, neurosurgeons and physiatrists to ensure the most accurate interpretation of diagnostic imaging tests critical to developing appropriate care plans. (northshore.org)
- Technologists record electrical activity arising from the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves using a variety of techniques and instruments. (memorialcare.org)
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , more commonly known as Lou Gehrig's Disease or ALS, is a progressive disease in which nerves in the brain and spinal cord degenerate over time. (hss.edu)
- Pubmed ID: 22104649 Bacterial meningitis is an infection of the thin membranes covering the brain and spinal cord by a number of microorganisms including Neisseria meningitidis, which can lead to permanent neurological damage in the event of late diagnosis. (jove.com)
- With this novel approach, we were able to identify new genes and proteins specifically found with a sporadic form of ALS," said LA BioMed investigator Stanislav L. Karsten, PhD. "This approach made possible the first demonstration that some of the disease specific genes found in the spinal cord may also be detected in the peripheral blood prior to the development of the disease. (medica-tradefair.com)
- Neurological injury and impairment in TAVI can occur as cerebrovascular event (CVE) and/or neurocognitive dysfunction. (centerwatch.com)
- Individuals who have family histories of the disease should be especially attuned to the early warning signs and schedule regular checkups with their physicians in hopes of catching minor problems before they cause major neurological dysfunction. (wisegeek.com)
- In order to reduce co-morbidity and to ensure the c omplete rehabilitation and highest possible quality of life of our patients, we offer integral, neuropsychological-anthropological diagnostics for patients with organ dysfunction. (mh-hannover.de)
- Healthy adults will be studied by fellows-in-training to practice a new testing procedure or to provide normative data when required by changes in instrumentation or laboratory technique. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Consequently, chiropractors scope of practice includes the right to order all diagnostic imaging and most laboratory testing. (chiro.org)
- The laboratory diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis, the most prevalent vector-borne disease in the United States and endemic in parts of Europe and Asia, is currently based on serology with known limitations. (asm.org)
- Prior to enrollment, patient cells will be analyzed in the laboratory to verify that the cells display biochemical abnormalities associated with mitochondrial disease and can be rescued by EPI-743. (bio-medicine.org)
- NPT has little diagnostic value in home or laboratory setting. (ahrq.gov)
- Endoscopic endonasal surgery is a minimally invasive technique that allows a surgeon to go through the nose to operate on areas at the front of the brain and the top of the spine. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- including traditional approaches as well as more recent developments such as motion preservation surgery and minimally invasive techniques. (springer.com)
- Our expert physicians utilize the latest equipment and techniques to diagnose and treat these complex tumors. (swedishhospital.com)
- This helps your doctor better diagnose a certain disease or understand how a disease you've already been diagnosed with is affecting you. (verywellhealth.com)
- Our expertise in medical imaging and information technologies, medical diagnostics, patient monitoring systems, performance improvement, drug discovery, and biopharmaceutical manufacturing technologies is helping clinicians around the world re-imagine new ways to predict, diagnose, inform, treat and monitor disease, so patients can live their lives to the fullest. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- A secondary objective of the protocol is to gather normative data for diagnostic neurophysiologic tests. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- It further compares the needs of the drug developers that are involved in development of companion diagnostic tests for their drug molecules, offering a combined perspective on the current and the future scenarios. (prnewswire.co.uk)
- Importantly, such diagnostic tests can be non-invasive and made using blood or platelets. (nanotech-now.com)
- Lumbar punctures are typically performed in order to run diagnostic tests on your CSF. (verywellhealth.com)
- Techniques such as Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), Bone scanning, Positron emission tomography (PET) and Cardiovascular imaging use different properties of the radioactive substances to generate detailed images and different tests or combination of tests as part of the diagnostic process. (bloglet.com)
- We take the time to explain the diagnostic tests available for your child, answering your questions and making sure that you are completely comfortable with the process. (childrensnational.org)
- Coronary angiography stubbornly bucks the hospital-wide trend to non-invasive diagnostic tests. (bjcardio.co.uk)
- The increasing incidence of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases requires increasingly sophisticated tools for their diagnosis and monitoring. (frontiersin.org)
- The incidence of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases has increased in the last decades, requiring finer, and advanced tools, ranging from electrophysiology to neuroimaging, for a reliable diagnostic accuracy. (frontiersin.org)
- After briefly introducing VBM methodology, in the first part, VBM findings on neurological and psychiatric diseases have been discussed separately. (dovepress.com)