Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.
Branch of medicine involved with management and organization of public health response to disasters and major events including the special health and medical needs of a community in a disaster.
Assistance, such as money, food, or shelter, given to the needy, aged, or victims of disaster. It is usually granted on a temporary basis. (From The American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
Activities devoted to freeing persons or animals from danger to life or well-being in accidents, fires, bombings, floods, earthquakes, other disasters and life-threatening conditions. While usually performed by team efforts, rescue work is not restricted to organized services.
Events that overwhelm the resources of local HOSPITALS and health care providers. They are likely to impose a sustained demand for HEALTH SERVICES rather than the short, intense peak customary with smaller scale disasters.
Series of ocean waves produced by geologic events or underwater LANDSLIDES. These waves can travel at speeds averaging 450 (and up to 600) miles per hour in the open ocean.
'Explosions' in a medical context typically refer to the immediate physical trauma caused by a sudden and violent release of energy, often resulting in a high-pressure blast wave that can cause barotrauma, blunt force injury, or burns, depending on the nature and proximity of the explosion.
The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.
'Aviation accidents' are unexpected and unplanned events that occur during the operation of an aircraft, resulting in damage to the aircraft or injury to its occupants or people on the ground, which may also include incidents caused by human error, mechanical failure, or adverse weather conditions.
Preventive emergency measures and programs designed to protect the individual or community in times of hostile attack.
Severe systemic manifestation of trauma and ischemia involving soft tissues, principally skeletal muscle, due to prolonged severe crushing. It leads to increased permeability of the cell membrane and to the release of potassium, enzymes, and myoglobin from within cells. Ischemic renal dysfunction secondary to hypotension and diminished renal perfusion results in acute tubular necrosis and uremia.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
'Fires' is not a recognized medical term for a symptom, diagnosis, or condition in patients.
Persons adversely effected by DISASTERS, occurrences that result in property damage, deaths, and/or injuries to a community.
The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
Uncontrolled release of a chemical from its containment that either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a chemical hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Louisiana" is not a medical term that has a specific definition in the field of medicine. It is actually a state located in the southern United States, known for its diverse culture, food, music, and history. If you have any questions related to healthcare, medicine, or health conditions, I would be happy to try to help answer those!
Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.
City in Orleans Parish (county), largest city in state of LOUISIANA. It is located between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain.
The use of communication systems, such as telecommunication, to transmit emergency information to appropriate providers of health services.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
Activities associated with the disposition of the dead. It excludes cultural practices such as funeral rites.
Temporary shelter provided in response to a major disaster or emergency.
Uncontrolled release of radioactive material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a radioactive hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.
The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.
Nuclear power accident that occurred following the Tohoku-Kanto earthquake of March 11, 2011 in the northern region of Japan.
Conveying ill or injured individuals from one place to another.
(Disclaimer: This is a playful and fictitious response, as there isn't a medical definition for 'New York City'.)
Water waves caused by the gravitational interactions between the EARTH; MOON; and SUN.
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)
A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.
The management of all procurement, distribution, and storage of equipment and supplies, as well as logistics management including laundry, processing of reusables, etc.
Persons who donate their services.
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
The sorting out and classification of patients or casualties to determine priority of need and proper place of treatment.
Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.
The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)
Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.
A health care system's ability to rapidly mobilize to meet an increased demand, to rapidly expand beyond normal services levels to meet the increased demand in the event of large-scale DISASTERS or public health emergencies.
The ash, dust, gases, and lava released by volcanic explosion. The gases are volatile matter composed principally of about 90% water vapor, and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. The ash or dust is pyroclastic ejecta and lava is molten extrusive material consisting mainly of magnesium silicate. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
## I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Japan" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country located in Asia, known as Nihon-koku or Nippon-koku in Japanese, and is renowned for its unique culture, advanced technology, and rich history. If you have any questions related to medical topics, I would be happy to help answer them!
Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.
Failure in built environment with loss of functional integrity.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.
Downslope movements of soil and and/or rock resulting from natural phenomena or man made actions. These can be secondary effects of severe storms, VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS and EARTHQUAKES.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sri Lanka" is not a medical term that can be defined in a medical context; it is the name of a country located in South Asia, known for its diverse landscapes and rich biodiversity.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
Individuals who donate their services to the hospital.
Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to domestic national security.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.

Surveillance of morbidity during wildfires--Central Florida, 1998. (1/1260)

Several large wildfires occurred in Florida during June-July 1998, many involving both rural and urban areas in Brevard, Flagler, Orange, Putnam, Seminole, and Volusia counties. By July 22, a total of 2277 fires had burned 499,477 acres throughout the state (Florida Department of Community Affairs, unpublished data, 1998). On June 22, after receiving numerous phone calls from persons complaining of respiratory problems attributable to smoke, the Volusia County Health Department issued a public health alert advising persons with pre-existing pulmonary or cardiovascular conditions to avoid outdoor air in the vicinity of the fires. To determine whether certain medical conditions increased in frequency during the wildfires, the Volusia County Health Department and the Florida Department of Health initiated surveillance of selected conditions. This report summarizes the results of this investigation.  (+info)

Canada's "disasters-R-us" medical platoon a hit in Honduras. (2/1260)

The Canadian Forces Disaster Assistance Response Team did not take long to adapt to the medical needs of 90,000 survivors of Hurricane Mitch last November.  (+info)

Needs assessment following hurricane Georges--Dominican Republic, 1998. (3/1260)

Hurricane Georges struck the Carribean Islands in September 1998, causing numerous deaths and extensive damage throughout the region. The Dominican Republic was hardest hit, with approximately 300 deaths; extensive infrastructure damage; and severe agricultural losses, including staple crops of rice, plantain, and cassava. Two months after the hurricane, the American Red Cross (ARC) was asked to provide food to an estimated 170,000 families affected by the storm throughout the country. To assist in directing relief efforts, CDC performed a needs assessment to estimate the food and water availability, sanitation, and medical needs of the hurricane-affected population. This report summarizes the results of that assessment, which indicate that, 2 months after the disaster, 40% of selected families had insufficient food > or =5 days per and 28% of families reported someone in need of medical attention.  (+info)

Juvenile hypothyroidism among two populations exposed to radioiodine. (4/1260)

We found an epidemic of juvenile hypothyroidism among a population of self-defined "downwinders" living near the Hanford nuclear facility located in southeast Washington State. The episode followed massive releases of 131I. Self-reported data on 60 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism (<20 years of age) among a group of 801 Hanford downwinders are presented, as well as data concerning the thyroid status of approximately 160,000 children exposed to radioiodine before 10 years of age as a result of the 26 April 1986 Chernobyl explosion in the former Soviet Union. These children were residents of five regions near Chernobyl. They were examined by standardized screening protocols over a period of 5 years from 1991 to 1996. They are a well-defined group of 10 samples. Fifty-six cases of hypothyroidism were found among boys and 92 among girls. Body burdens of 137Cs have been correlated with hypothyroidism prevalence rates. On the other hand, the group of juvenile (<20 years of age) Hanford downwinders is not a representative sample. Most of the 77 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism in the Hanford group were diagnosed from 1945 to 1970. However, the ratio of reported cases to the county population under 20 years of age is roughly correlated with officially estimated mean levels of cumulative thyroid 131I uptake in these counties, providing evidence that juvenile hypothyroidism was associated with radioiodine exposures. Because even subtle hypothyroidism may be of clinical significance in childhood and can be treated, it may be useful to screen for the condition in populations exposed to radioiodine fallout. Although radiation exposure is associated with hypothyroidism, its excess among fallout-exposed children has not been previously quantified.  (+info)

Persistent respiratory effects in survivors of the Bhopal disaster. (5/1260)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of exposure to the 1984 Bhopal gas leak in the development of persistent obstructive airways disease. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. SETTING: Bhopal, India. SUBJECTS: Random sample of 454 adults stratified by distance of residence from the Union Carbide plant. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self reported respiratory symptoms; indices of lung function measured by simple spirometry and adjusted for age, sex, and height according to Indian derived regression equations. RESULTS: Respiratory symptoms were significantly more common and lung function (percentage predicted forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity (FEF25-75), and FEV1/FEV ratio) was reduced among those reporting exposure to the gas leak. The frequency of symptoms fell as exposure decreased (as estimated by distance lived from the plant), and lung function measurements displayed similar trends. These findings were not wholly accounted for by confounding by smoking or literacy, a measure of socioeconomic status. Lung function measurements were consistently lower in those reporting symptoms. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that persistent small airways obstruction among survivors of the 1984 disaster may be attributed to gas exposure.  (+info)

Y2K: the moment of truth. (6/1260)

It remains to be seen whether the world will move in time to fix the Y2K bug, or whether computers around the world will shut down when the clock strikes midnight on 31 December 1999. Y2K could have a serious impact on environmental facilities, particularly given the extent to which computer software and microchips are now involved in pollution control and environmental monitoring and protection systems.  (+info)

Great earthquakes and medical information systems, with special reference to telecommunications. (7/1260)

The Hanshin-Awaji earthquake in January 1995 caused the greatest number of deaths and injuries in Japan since World War II. Various weaknesses of modern information systems were exposed during and after the earthquake. The authors carried out a questionnaire survey to investigate the current state of hospital information and to examine the kinds of information needed immediately after an earthquake. The survey results show that information about the ability to admit new patients and the availability of medical supplies is necessary immediately after such a disaster. These results will be useful for planning countermeasures against this kind of disaster.  (+info)

Preventive effect of artemether on schistosome infection. (8/1260)

OBJECTIVE: To study the preventive effect of artemether (Art) in protecting the people from schistosome infection during flood fighting in schistosomiasis endemic area of Poyang Lake, Jiangxi Province. METHODS: From mid July to mid August in 1996, the water level in Poyang Lake rose due to torrential rains and 2 embankments, Zhedi and Jiangtongdi, which appeared in dangerous situation and were selected as the pilot spots. After those who went to fight against flood arrived at the pilots their sera were collected within 48 hours and were examined with indirect hemagglutination test (IHA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and McAb-ELISA. Individuals with negative outcome in the 3 tests were then selected as the study subjects and were allocated randomly to the Art or the control group. The first dose of Art given to the individuals contacted with the infested water within 11-15 days was 6 mg/kg. If the individual continually contacted the infested water, the same dose of Art was given once every 15 days. After the individuals withdrew from the pilot, one more dose of Art was administered 7-15 days later. Placebo (starch) was given to individuals in the control group at the same period as in artemether group. Stool examinations were made in both groups 40-50 days after the last medication for evaluation of the preventive effect of artemether. Double blind method was used in the administration of both artemether and placebo. RESULTS: In Zhedi pilot, the individuals fought against flood for about 1 month. In Art group, 99 individuals receiving 3 doses of the drug completed the stool examination with egg-positive rate of 4% and no acute schistosomiasis was seen. In the control group, among 110 people who completed the observation, 44 were egg-positive with an infection rate of 40%, and 29 were identified as having acute schistosomiasis. In Jiangtondi, the studied individuals contacted the infested water for only about 4 hours. But in the control group 4 out of 102 individuals were egg-positive, while none of the 103 individuals in Art group receiving 2 doses of the drug showed schistosome infection. No apparent side effect was seen in the people treated with artemether. CONCLUSION: After oral Art was given to the people fighting against flood in schistosomiasis endemic area of Poyang Lake, it was shown that the oral Art has a promising effect on controlling acute schistosomiasis and reducing the infection rate.  (+info)

A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. Disasters can be natural, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, and wildfires, or they can be caused by human activities, such as technological accidents, intentional acts of violence, and complex emergencies.

The medical definition of a disaster focuses on the health impacts and consequences of the event, which can include injury, illness, disability, and death, as well as psychological distress and social disruption. The response to a disaster typically involves a coordinated effort by multiple agencies and organizations, including healthcare providers, emergency responders, public health officials, and government authorities, to address the immediate needs of affected individuals and communities and to restore basic services and infrastructure.

Disasters can have long-term effects on the health and well-being of individuals and populations, including increased vulnerability to future disasters, chronic illness and disability, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety. Preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery efforts are critical components of disaster management, with the goal of reducing the risks and impacts of disasters and improving the resilience of communities and societies to withstand and recover from them.

Disaster planning in a medical context refers to the process of creating and implementing a comprehensive plan for responding to emergencies or large-scale disasters that can impact healthcare facilities, services, and patient care. The goal of disaster planning is to minimize the impact of such events on the health and well-being of patients and communities, ensure continuity of medical services, and protect healthcare infrastructure and resources.

Disaster planning typically involves:

1. Risk assessment: Identifying potential hazards and assessing their likelihood and potential impact on healthcare facilities and services.
2. Developing a disaster plan: Creating a detailed plan that outlines the steps to be taken before, during, and after a disaster to ensure the safety of patients, staff, and visitors, as well as the continuity of medical care.
3. Training and education: Providing training and education to healthcare personnel on disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
4. Exercises and drills: Conducting regular exercises and drills to test the effectiveness of the disaster plan and identify areas for improvement.
5. Resource management: Identifying and securing necessary resources, such as medical supplies, equipment, and personnel, to support disaster response efforts.
6. Communication and coordination: Establishing clear communication protocols and coordinating with local emergency responders, public health authorities, and other healthcare facilities to ensure a coordinated response to disasters.
7. Recovery and restoration: Developing plans for restoring medical services and infrastructure after a disaster has occurred.

Disaster planning is an essential component of healthcare delivery and is critical to ensuring the safety and well-being of patients and communities during emergencies or large-scale disasters.

Disaster medicine is a branch of medical science that deals with the prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery from disasters, including natural disasters (such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and floods), technological disasters (such as chemical spills and radiation exposure), and human-made disasters (such as terrorism and mass shootings). It involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes medical and public health professionals, emergency responders, and other stakeholders working together to provide effective medical care and support to affected populations during and after a disaster. The goal of disaster medicine is to minimize the impact of disasters on human health and well-being, reduce morbidity and mortality, and promote resilience in communities.

"Relief work" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in a broader context, relief work often refers to the provision of assistance and support to communities or individuals affected by various forms of distress such as natural disasters, conflicts, poverty, or epidemics. This assistance can include providing basic needs like food, water, shelter, healthcare services, and psychological support to help alleviate suffering and promote recovery.

In the medical field, healthcare professionals may engage in relief work during humanitarian crises or emergencies by providing essential health services, treating injuries and illnesses, and helping to prevent the spread of diseases. Relief work can also involve collaborating with other organizations and government agencies to coordinate a comprehensive response to the crisis and ensure that those affected receive the necessary support.

"Rescue work" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in a broader context, it generally refers to the actions and procedures taken to preserve life, prevent further harm, or provide emergency care to individuals who are in a situation of distress or danger, which may include natural disasters, accidents, or medical emergencies.

Healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, and emergency responders, may be involved in rescue work during mass casualty events, search and rescue missions, or other disaster response situations. The goal of rescue work is to stabilize patients and ensure their safety until they can receive further medical attention.

A Mass Casualty Incident (MCI) is a situation in which the number of injured or deceased individuals exceeds the local resources available to respond and manage the incident. It typically involves multiple victims, often resulting from natural disasters, transportation accidents, terrorist attacks, or industrial incidents. The severity and scale of injuries require additional resources, coordination, and response from regional, national, or international emergency management and healthcare systems.

I'm sorry for the confusion, but "tsunamis" is not a medical term. It is a natural disaster term used to describe a series of large ocean waves caused by events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or underwater landslides. These waves can reach heights of over 100 feet and cause extensive damage when they reach shore. If you have any questions about medical terms, I would be happy to help!

An explosion is a rapid release of energy that causes a blast wave or pressure surge, and may also produce rapidly expanding gases, heat, light, and sound. In medical terms, explosions can cause a variety of injuries, including blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, burns, and primary and secondary blast injuries.

Blunt trauma is caused by the force of the explosion propelling objects or people through the air, or by the collapse of structures. Penetrating trauma is caused by flying debris or fragments that pierce the skin and other tissues. Burns can result from the heat generated by the explosion, as well as from contact with hot gases, flames, or chemicals.

Primary blast injuries are caused by the direct effect of the blast wave on the body, and can damage internal organs such as the lungs, ears, and brain. Secondary blast injuries are caused by debris or fragments that become projectiles due to the force of the explosion. Tertiary blast injuries occur when people or objects are thrown by the blast wind or become trapped in collapsed structures.

Medical personnel who treat victims of explosions must be trained to recognize and manage these various types of injuries, as well as to provide appropriate psychological support for those affected by the traumatic event.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "terrorism" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a concept that is typically defined within the contexts of criminal law, international relations, and political science. Generally, terrorism refers to the use of violence or threat of violence, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political, religious, or ideological objectives. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

Aviation accidents are events in which an aircraft is involved in a sudden or unexpected occurrence that results in damage to the aircraft, injury to its occupants or other persons, or death. These accidents can be caused by a variety of factors, including pilot error, mechanical failure, adverse weather conditions, and air traffic control errors. Aviation accidents are typically investigated by government agencies such as the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the United States to determine their causes and to develop recommendations for preventing similar occurrences in the future.

Civil defense refers to the measures taken by a government or organization to protect its citizens from military attack, sabotage, or other hostile actions. These measures may include evacuation plans, emergency response procedures, and the construction of protective structures such as bomb shelters. In the medical field, civil defense efforts might also involve planning for the provision of healthcare services during and after a disaster or emergency situation. This could include establishing alternate care sites, coordinating with volunteer organizations to provide medical care, and ensuring that medical supplies and equipment are available.

Crush syndrome, also known as traumatic rhabdomyolysis, is a medical condition that occurs when a significant amount of muscle tissue is damaged or destroyed, releasing large amounts of intracellular contents into the circulation. This can happen due to prolonged compression of muscles, often seen in cases of entrapment in debris or heavy objects following natural disasters, accidents, or other traumatic events.

The crush syndrome is characterized by a triad of symptoms:

1. Muscle injury and breakdown (rhabdomyolysis) leading to the release of muscle contents such as potassium, myoglobin, creatine kinase, and uric acid into the bloodstream.
2. Electrolyte imbalances, particularly hyperkalemia (elevated potassium levels), which can cause cardiac arrhythmias and cardiac arrest if not promptly treated.
3. Acute kidney injury (AKI) due to myoglobinuria, where the released myoglobin from damaged muscle tissue clogs the renal tubules in the kidneys, impairing their function and potentially leading to acute renal failure.

Immediate medical intervention is crucial for managing crush syndrome, which includes aggressive fluid resuscitation, close monitoring of electrolyte levels, and supportive care for kidney function. In some cases, dialysis may be required to support the kidneys until they recover.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric condition that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, serious accident, war combat, rape, or violent personal assault. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), PTSD is characterized by the following symptoms, which must last for more than one month:

1. Intrusion symptoms: These include distressing memories, nightmares, flashbacks, or intense psychological distress or reactivity to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.
2. Avoidance symptoms: Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event, including thoughts, feelings, conversations, activities, places, or people.
3. Negative alterations in cognitions and mood: This includes negative beliefs about oneself, others, or the world; distorted blame of self or others for causing the trauma; persistent negative emotional state; decreased interest in significant activities; and feelings of detachment or estrangement from others.
4. Alterations in arousal and reactivity: This includes irritable behavior and angry outbursts, reckless or self-destructive behavior, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, problems with concentration, and sleep disturbance.
5. Duration of symptoms: The symptoms must last for more than one month.
6. Functional significance: The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

It is essential to note that PTSD can occur at any age and can be accompanied by various physical and mental health problems, such as depression, substance abuse, memory problems, and other difficulties in cognition. Appropriate treatment, which may include psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of both, can significantly improve the symptoms and overall quality of life for individuals with PTSD.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Fires" is not a medical term that I am aware of. In a general context, a fire refers to the rapid oxidation of a material in the chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products. If you are asking about a specific medical term or condition, could you please provide more context or clarify your question? I'm here to help!

Disaster victims are individuals who have been directly affected and injured or harmed as a result of a natural or human-made disaster. These disasters can include events such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, wildfires, transportation accidents, or intentional acts of violence resulting in mass casualties. Disaster victims may experience physical injuries, psychological trauma, loss of property and possessions, displacement from their homes, and disruption of community networks and support systems. The medical definition of disaster victims encompasses those who require immediate and ongoing medical care, psychological support, and social services to address their needs and help them recover from the effects of the disaster.

Forensic dentistry, also known as forensic odontology, is a specialty in forensic science that involves the examination, identification, and evaluation of dental evidence for legal purposes. It encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Identification of deceased individuals through dental records comparison (e.g., during mass disasters or unidentified human remains).
2. Analysis of bite marks found on victims or objects related to criminal investigations.
3. Assessment of age, sex, ancestry, and other personal characteristics based on dental features.
4. Examination of cases of abuse, neglect, or malpractice in dentistry.
5. Evaluation of occupational dental injuries and diseases.

Forensic dentists often work closely with law enforcement agencies, medical examiners, and other legal professionals to provide expert testimony in court proceedings.

Forensic anthropology is a subfield of anthropology that applies scientific techniques and methods to analyze human remains for the purpose of establishing identity, determining the cause and manner of death, and investigating incidents of crime, mass disasters, or human rights violations. Forensic anthropologists use their knowledge of osteology, skeletal biology, and archaeological techniques to examine bones, teeth, and other tissues to help law enforcement agencies and legal professionals in criminal and civil investigations. They may also provide expert testimony in court based on their findings.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Floods" is not a medical term, but rather a natural disaster or hydrological phenomenon that occurs when a body of water overflows its banks or normal confines, causing damage to surrounding areas. If you are looking for a medical definition, perhaps you meant to ask about a different term? I would be happy to help if you could clarify your question further.

A "chemical hazard release" is a situation where there is an uncontrolled or accidental release of chemicals into the environment, which can pose a threat to human health and the ecosystem. This can occur due to various reasons such as equipment failure, human error, natural disasters, or intentional acts. The released chemicals can be in the form of gas, liquid, or solid and can vary in their level of toxicity, flammability, reactivity, and corrosiveness. Examples of chemical hazard releases include leakage from chemical storage tanks, spills during transportation, accidental fires or explosions at industrial facilities, and illegal dumping of chemicals into water bodies or landfills. It is important to have proper safety measures and emergency response plans in place to minimize the risks associated with chemical hazard releases.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Louisiana" is not a medical term or condition. It is a state located in the southern United States, known for its diverse culture, music, food, and history. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terms, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

Emergency responders are individuals who are trained and authorized to provide immediate assistance in the event of an emergency. This can include medical emergencies, fires, natural disasters, or other situations that require urgent attention. Some common types of emergency responders include:

1. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel: These are healthcare professionals who provide pre-hospital care to patients in emergency situations. They may be trained as emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, or nurses, and they often work for ambulance services, fire departments, or hospitals.
2. Firefighters: These are individuals who are trained to respond to fires, rescue people from dangerous situations, and provide other emergency services. They may also be trained in medical response and can provide basic life support care until EMS personnel arrive.
3. Police officers: Law enforcement officers who respond to emergencies such as crimes in progress, traffic accidents, or natural disasters. They are responsible for maintaining public safety and order, and may provide first aid or other emergency medical services if necessary.
4. Search and Rescue (SAR) teams: These are specialized teams that are trained to locate and rescue people who are lost, missing, or injured in remote or difficult-to-reach areas. They may work for government agencies, volunteer organizations, or private companies.
5. Public Health officials: These are individuals who work for local, state, or federal health departments and are responsible for responding to public health emergencies such as disease outbreaks or bioterrorism attacks. They may provide education, vaccination, or other services to protect the public's health.
6. Emergency Management professionals: These are individuals who are trained to coordinate emergency response efforts during large-scale disasters or emergencies. They may work for government agencies, nonprofit organizations, or private companies.

Overall, emergency responders play a critical role in protecting public safety and ensuring that people receive the medical care they need during emergencies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "New Orleans" is not a medical term. It is a place name, referring to the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States, and known for its distinctive French Creole and Spanish architecture, as well as its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage.

If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

Emergency Medical Service (EMS) communication systems are networks and technologies used to facilitate the communication and coordination of emergency medical services. These systems typically include dispatch centers, radio and telephone communications, computer-aided dispatch (CAD) systems, and other technologies that enable EMS personnel to quickly and effectively respond to medical emergencies.

The primary goal of an EMS communication system is to ensure that the right resources are dispatched to the right location in a timely manner, and that EMS providers have the information they need to provide appropriate care. This may include transmitting patient information, such as medical history and symptoms, from the dispatch center to the responding EMS personnel, as well as coordinating the response of multiple agencies, such as fire departments and law enforcement, to a single incident.

EMS communication systems are an essential component of emergency medical services, as they help ensure that patients receive the care they need as quickly and efficiently as possible.

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is a system that provides immediate and urgent medical care, transportation, and treatment to patients who are experiencing an acute illness or injury that poses an immediate threat to their health, safety, or life. EMS is typically composed of trained professionals, such as emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, and first responders, who work together to assess a patient's condition, administer appropriate medical interventions, and transport the patient to a hospital or other medical facility for further treatment.

The goal of EMS is to quickly and effectively stabilize patients in emergency situations, prevent further injury or illness, and ensure that they receive timely and appropriate medical care. This may involve providing basic life support (BLS) measures such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), controlling bleeding, and managing airway obstructions, as well as more advanced interventions such as administering medications, establishing intravenous lines, and performing emergency procedures like intubation or defibrillation.

EMS systems are typically organized and managed at the local or regional level, with coordination and oversight provided by public health agencies, hospitals, and other healthcare organizations. EMS providers may work for private companies, non-profit organizations, or government agencies, and they may be dispatched to emergencies via 911 or other emergency response systems.

In summary, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is a critical component of the healthcare system that provides urgent medical care and transportation to patients who are experiencing acute illnesses or injuries. EMS professionals work together to quickly assess, stabilize, and transport patients to appropriate medical facilities for further treatment.

Mortuary practice, also known as mortuary science or funeral service, is a field that deals with the handling, preparation, and disposal of dead human bodies. This can include tasks such as:

1. The removal and transportation of the body from the place of death to the mortuary.
2. The cleaning and sanitization of the body.
3. The reconstruction of the body, if necessary, to make it presentable for viewing.
4. The application of cosmetics to restore a natural appearance to the deceased.
5. The dressing and casketing of the body.
6. The coordination of funeral services, such as memorial services or viewings.
7. The completion of necessary paperwork, such as death certificates and burial permits.

Mortuary practitioners may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, funeral homes, and coroner's offices. They must have a strong understanding of anatomy, physiology, and infection control, as well as excellent communication and interpersonal skills to provide support and guidance to grieving families.

It is important to note that mortuary practices can vary depending on cultural, religious, and personal beliefs, so practitioners must be respectful and sensitive to the needs and wishes of each family they serve.

An emergency shelter is a short-term housing solution for individuals and families who have been displaced from their homes due to various reasons such as natural disasters, fires, or domestic violence. These shelters are designed to provide immediate safety and basic necessities, including food, water, and medical care, during a crisis situation. Emergency shelters can be located in various settings, such as churches, schools, or community centers, and are often operated by non-profit organizations, government agencies, or religious institutions. The goal of an emergency shelter is to provide temporary relief and support until more permanent housing solutions can be found.

A "Radioactive Hazard Release" is defined in medical and environmental health terms as an uncontrolled or accidental release of radioactive material into the environment, which can pose significant risks to human health and the ecosystem. This can occur due to various reasons such as nuclear accidents, improper handling or disposal of radioactive sources, or failure of radiation-generating equipment.

The released radioactive materials can contaminate air, water, and soil, leading to both external and internal exposure pathways. External exposure occurs through direct contact with the skin or by inhaling radioactive particles, while internal exposure happens when radioactive substances are ingested or inhaled and become deposited within the body.

The health effects of radioactive hazard release depend on several factors, including the type and amount of radiation released, the duration and intensity of exposure, and the sensitivity of the exposed individuals. Potential health impacts range from mild radiation sickness to severe diseases such as cancer and genetic mutations, depending on the level and length of exposure.

Prompt identification, assessment, and management of radioactive hazard releases are crucial to minimize potential health risks and protect public health.

Psychological resilience refers to the ability of an individual to adapt and cope effectively in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, or significant sources of stress. It is the capacity to "bounce back" from difficulties, maintain psychological well-being, and continue to function positively despite experiencing challenging life events. Psychological resilience involves various factors such as cognitive flexibility, problem-solving skills, positive self-esteem, adaptive coping strategies, and strong social support networks. It is not a fixed trait but can be developed and strengthened through personal growth, learning experiences, and supportive environments.

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident refers to the series of equipment failures, nuclear meltdowns, and releases of radioactive materials at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Ōkuma, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. It is considered the most significant nuclear incident since the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and the second disaster (along with Chernobyl) to be given the Level 7 event classification of the International Nuclear Event Scale.

The accident was initiated by the tsunami following the Tōhoku earthquake on March 11, 2011. The tsunami disabled the power supply and cooling of three Fukushima Daiichi reactors, causing a nuclear meltdown that led to hydrogen-air explosions. Over 450,000 residents were evacuated from the surrounding area due to the high radioactive release.

The cleanup process is expected to take decades, with the plant's operator, Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), estimating that the complete decommissioning of the power plant will take around 40 years. The accident has had significant social and economic impacts on the region, including contamination of land and water, loss of homes and businesses, and long-term health effects for those exposed to radiation.

Transportation of patients, in a medical context, refers to the process of moving patients safely and comfortably from one location to another. This can include the movement of patients within a healthcare facility (such as from their hospital room to the radiology department for testing) or between facilities (such as from a hospital to a rehabilitation center). Patient transportation may be required for various reasons, including receiving medical treatment, undergoing diagnostic tests, attending appointments, or being discharged from the hospital.

The process of patient transportation involves careful planning and coordination to ensure the safety, comfort, and well-being of the patient during transit. It may involve the use of specialized equipment, such as stretchers, wheelchairs, or ambulances, depending on the patient's medical needs and mobility status. Trained personnel, such as paramedics, nurses, or patient care technicians, are often involved in the transportation process to monitor the patient's condition, provide medical assistance if needed, and ensure a smooth and uneventful transfer.

It is essential to follow established protocols and guidelines for patient transportation to minimize risks and ensure the best possible outcomes for patients. This includes assessing the patient's medical status, determining the appropriate mode of transportation, providing necessary care and support during transit, and communicating effectively with all parties involved in the process.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "New York City" is not a medical term or concept. It's a city located in the state of New York, United States. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help with those!

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. In medical terms, there is no definition for "tidal waves." However, the term "tidal wave" is commonly used in layman's language to refer to massive waves caused by earthquakes or underwater landslides, which are technically called tsunamis. Tsunamis are rapid, long-wavelength sea waves that can cause extensive coastal damage and loss of life.

If you meant a different term related to medicine or healthcare, please clarify so I can provide an accurate definition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Haiti" is not a medical term. It is a country located in the Caribbean, specifically on the island of Hispaniola. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

An "aircraft" is not a medical term, but rather a general term used to describe any vehicle or machine designed to be powered and operated in the air. This includes fixed-wing aircraft such as airplanes and gliders, as well as rotary-wing aircraft such as helicopters and autogyros.

However, there are some medical conditions that can affect a person's ability to safely operate an aircraft, such as certain cardiovascular or neurological disorders. In these cases, the individual may be required to undergo medical evaluation and obtain clearance from aviation medical examiners before they are allowed to fly.

Additionally, there are some medical devices and equipment that are used in aircraft, such as oxygen systems and medical evacuation equipment. These may be used to provide medical care to passengers or crew members during flight.

I apologize for the confusion, but "Police" is not a medical term. It refers to a civil force that maintains order, prevents and detects crime, and enforces laws. If you have any medical terms or concepts you would like me to explain, please let me know!

Crisis intervention is a immediate, short-term emergency response to help individuals who are experiencing an acute distress or destabilizing event and are at risk of harm to themselves or others. The goal of crisis intervention is to restore equilibrium and ensure the person's safety, while also addressing any immediate needs or concerns. This may involve various strategies such as:

1. Psychoeducation: Providing information about the crisis situation, common reactions, and coping skills.
2. Emotional support: Offering a safe and non-judgmental space for the person to express their feelings and concerns.
3. Problem-solving: Helping the person identify potential solutions to the crisis situation and make informed decisions.
4. Safety planning: Developing a plan to ensure the person's safety and prevent future crises.
5. Referral: Connecting the person with appropriate resources and services for ongoing support and care.

Crisis intervention is often provided by mental health professionals, such as counselors, social workers, or psychologists, in various settings including hospitals, emergency departments, crisis hotlines, and community mental health centers.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "telecommunications" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Telecommunications refers to the transmission of information over long distances through electronic means, such as telephone, television, radio, and internet. It is a broader term used in various fields including engineering, technology, and communications.

However, in the context of healthcare, you might be referring to "telemedicine" or "e-health," which are subsets of telecommunications. Telemedicine involves the use of telecommunication and information technologies to provide healthcare services remotely, allowing patients and providers to interact virtually. E-health is a broader concept that encompasses telemedicine as well as other electronic processes related to health, such as electronic health records and health information systems.

Materials Management in a hospital setting refers to the systematic planning, organizing, directing, and controlling of the acquisition, distribution, storage, utilization, and disposal of materials and supplies. This function ensures that the healthcare organization has the necessary resources to provide high-quality patient care while optimizing cost efficiency and minimizing waste.

The primary goal of Materials Management in a hospital is to maintain an adequate supply of medical equipment, pharmaceuticals, and other essential items required for patient treatment and care. This involves coordinating with various departments within the hospital, such as nursing, surgery, laboratory, and administration, to assess their needs and determine the appropriate quantities and types of supplies to order.

Materials Management also includes inventory control, which involves tracking the usage and stock levels of medical supplies to prevent overstocking or understocking. This helps hospitals reduce costs associated with expired or obsolete items while ensuring that there are sufficient supplies available for patient care.

Additionally, Materials Management may be responsible for negotiating contracts with vendors and suppliers to obtain the best possible prices and terms for hospital purchases. They may also manage the receiving, storing, and distributing of these materials within the hospital, ensuring proper handling and storage conditions are maintained.

Overall, Materials Management plays a critical role in maintaining the smooth operation of a hospital by ensuring that the necessary resources are available when and where they are needed while controlling costs and promoting efficient use of resources.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Volunteers" generally refers to individuals who willingly offer their time, effort, and services to help others without expecting compensation. In the context of medicine or clinical research, volunteers are participants who willingly take part in medical studies or trials, playing a crucial role in the development and testing of new treatments, medications, or medical devices.

However, if you're looking for a medical term related to volunteers, you may be thinking of "voluntary muscle action." Voluntary muscles, also known as skeletal muscles, are striated muscles that we control voluntarily to perform activities like walking, talking, and lifting objects.

Dental records are a collection of detailed documentation related to a patient's dental history and treatment. These records typically include:

1. Patient demographics: This includes the patient's name, date of birth, contact information, and other identifying details.
2. Dental charts: These are graphic representations of the patient's teeth and gums, noting any existing restorations, decay, periodontal disease, or other oral health conditions.
3. Radiographs (x-rays): These images help dentists visualize structures that aren't visible during a clinical examination, such as between teeth, below the gum line, and inside the jaw bones.
4. Treatment plans: This includes proposed dental procedures, their estimated costs, and the rationale behind them.
5. Progress notes: These are ongoing records of each dental appointment, detailing the treatments performed, the patient's response to treatment, and any home care instructions given.
6. Medical history: This includes any systemic health conditions that could impact dental treatment, such as diabetes or heart disease, as well as medications being taken.
7. Consent forms: These are documents signed by the patient (or their legal guardian) giving permission for specific treatments.
8. Communication notes: Any correspondence between dental professionals regarding the patient's care.

Dental records play a crucial role in continuity of care, allowing dentists to track changes in a patient's oral health over time and make informed treatment decisions. They are also important for medicolegal reasons, providing evidence in case of malpractice claims or other disputes.

Triage is a medical term that refers to the process of prioritizing patients based on the severity of their condition or illness, and the resources available. The goal of triage is to ensure that the most critical patients receive care first, which can help reduce morbidity and mortality in emergency situations. This process is typically used in settings where there are more patients than can be treated immediately, such as during mass casualty incidents or in busy emergency departments. Triage nurses or doctors quickly assess each patient's condition, often using a standardized system, to determine the urgency of their medical needs and allocate resources accordingly.

Forensic sciences is the application of scientific methods and techniques to investigations by law enforcement agencies or courts of law. It involves the use of various scientific disciplines, such as chemistry, biology, physics, and psychology, to assist in the examination of physical evidence, interpretation of crime scene data, and evaluation of behavioral patterns. The goal is to provide objective information that can help establish the facts of a case and contribute to the administration of justice.

Forensic science encompasses several sub-disciplines, including forensic biology (DNA analysis, serology, and forensic anthropology), forensic chemistry (drug analysis, toxicology, and digital forensics), forensic physics (firearms and toolmark identification, ballistics, and digital forensics), and forensic psychology (criminal profiling, eyewitness testimony, and legal psychology).

The ultimate objective of forensic sciences is to provide unbiased, scientifically validated information that can aid in the investigation and prosecution of criminal cases, as well as protect the rights of defendants and promote the integrity of the legal system.

In medical terms, "Radio" generally refers to the use of radiation in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions. This can include:

1. Diagnostic Radiology: This is the use of various imaging techniques that utilize different types of radiation to create detailed images of the internal structures of the body. Examples include X-rays, CT scans, and mammography.

2. Interventional Radiology: This is a medical subspecialty that uses minimally invasive image-guided procedures to diagnose and treat various diseases. These procedures often involve the use of radiological imaging techniques to guide catheters or other small instruments through the body to the site of the disease.

3. Radiation Therapy: This is a type of cancer treatment that uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.

Remember, while radiation is a valuable tool in medicine, it must be used carefully to minimize potential risks such as damage to healthy tissues and the potential for developing secondary cancers.

Medical waste disposal is the process of safely and compliantly getting rid of healthcare-related waste, such as used needles, scalpels, bandages, cultures, stocks, swabs used to inoculate cultures, removal of human tissues, unwanted prescription drugs, body parts, identifiable body fluids, and contaminated animal carcasses. The purpose is to protect public health and the environment from potential infection or exposure to harmful agents.

The methods of disposal vary depending on the type and nature of the waste but can include incineration, autoclaving, chemical disinfection, and landfilling. It's strictly regulated by various local, state, and federal agencies to ensure that it's handled and disposed of properly.

Surge capacity, in the context of healthcare and public health, refers to the ability to expand quickly and significantly beyond normal operational capacity to meet a sudden, unexpected increase in demand for services. This may be due to various reasons such as mass casualty events, natural disasters, or disease outbreaks. Surge capacity involves having plans, policies, procedures, and resources in place to rapidly scale up and provide care and support to affected individuals. It includes elements such as staffing, supplies, facilities, communication systems, and transportation. The goal of surge capacity is to ensure that healthcare services remain available, accessible, and effective during times of crisis.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Volcanic Eruptions" are not a medical term or concept. Volcanic eruptions refer to the release of molten rock, ash, and gases from a volcano's opening, or vent, onto the Earth's surface. This is a geological event that occurs due to the movement of tectonic plates and the build-up of pressure within the Earth's crust.

If you have any medical questions or terms you would like me to define, please feel free to ask!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Japan" is not a medical term. Japan is the name of a country, officially known as Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku in Japanese, and is located in East Asia. It is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with a population of about 126 million people.

If you have any medical questions or terms that you would like me to define, please let me know!

The branch of transportation concerned with flying aircraft, including the design, development, production, and operation of airplanes, helicopters, and other flying machines. In a medical context, aviation may refer to the study of the effects of flight on the human body, particularly in relation to pilot health and safety, or to the medical aspects of aviation, such as aeromedical evacuation and transportation of patients by air.

I'm happy to help! However, I must clarify that the term "structure collapse" is not typically used in medical definitions. It is more commonly used in fields like engineering and construction to describe the failure or complete breakdown of a building or other structure.

In the context of medical terminology, a similar concept might be referred to as "structural collapse of bodily tissues or organs," which could be defined as the partial or total loss of structural integrity in bodily tissues or organs, leading to their malfunction or failure. This can occur due to various reasons such as trauma, disease, infection, or aging.

Examples of structural collapse in the body include:

* Aortic dissection: a serious condition where the inner layer of the aorta tears, causing blood to flow between the layers and potentially leading to rupture or aneurysm.
* Spinal cord injury: damage to the spinal cord due to trauma, which can result in partial or complete loss of sensory and motor function below the level of injury.
* Osteoporosis: a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones, leading to an increased risk of fractures and structural collapse of the vertebrae in the spine.

In a medical context, "survivors" typically refers to individuals who have lived through or recovered from a serious illness, injury, or life-threatening event. This may include people who have survived cancer, heart disease, trauma, or other conditions that posed a significant risk to their health and well-being. The term is often used to describe the resilience and strength of these individuals, as well as to highlight the importance of ongoing support and care for those who have faced serious medical challenges. It's important to note that the definition may vary depending on the context in which it's used.

"Near drowning" is not a formal medical diagnosis, but it is a term used to describe a situation where a person has nearly died from suffocation or cardiac arrest due to submersion in water, followed by survival for at least 24 hours after the incident. It can result in various short-term and long-term health consequences, such as respiratory complications, neurological damage, and even death.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines near drowning as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid." The term "drowning" is used when the process results in death, while "near drowning" refers to survival after the incident. However, it's important to note that even if a person survives a near-drowning incident, they may still experience significant health issues and long-term disabilities.

Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) are healthcare professionals who provide emergency medical services to critically ill or injured individuals. They are trained to assess a patient's condition, manage respiratory, cardiac, and trauma emergencies, and administer basic life support care. EMTs may also perform emergency procedures such as spinal immobilization, automated external defibrillation, and administer medications under certain circumstances.

EMTs typically work in ambulances, fire departments, hospitals, and other emergency medical settings. They must be able to work in high-stress situations, make quick decisions, and communicate effectively with other healthcare providers. EMTs are required to obtain certification and maintain continuing education to ensure they are up-to-date on the latest practices and protocols in emergency medicine.

Traumatic acute stress disorder is a short-term mental health condition that occurs in response to a traumatic or stressful event. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), it is characterized by the development of various symptoms, such as intrusive memories of the traumatic event, avoidance of reminders of the event, negative mood and cognitions, marked autonomic arousal, and sleep disturbances. These symptoms usually occur within one month after the traumatic event and last for no more than three months.

Acute stress disorder is different from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in that it has a shorter duration and does not involve some of the more severe symptoms associated with PTSD, such as avoidance behaviors, negative alterations in cognitions and mood, and persistent symptoms of increased arousal. Additionally, acute stress disorder may be more likely to resolve on its own without treatment, while PTSD typically requires professional intervention.

It's important to note that experiencing a traumatic event can have long-lasting effects on mental health, and it is essential to seek help from a qualified mental health professional if symptoms persist or interfere with daily functioning.

I apologize for any confusion, but "landslides" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Landslides are a geological phenomenon involving the mass movement of soil or rock down a slope. They can occur due to various factors such as heavy rainfall, earthquakes, volcanic activity, or human activities that alter the stability of a slope.

If you have any questions related to health or medicine, please provide more context so I can offer an accurate and helpful response.

Mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. It involves the emotional, psychological, and social aspects of an individual's health. Mental health is not just the absence of mental illness, it also includes positive characteristics such as resilience, happiness, and having a sense of purpose in life.

It is important to note that mental health can change over time, and it is possible for an individual to experience periods of good mental health as well as periods of poor mental health. Factors such as genetics, trauma, stress, and physical illness can all contribute to the development of mental health problems. Additionally, cultural and societal factors, such as discrimination and poverty, can also impact an individual's mental health.

Mental Health professionals like psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and other mental health counselors use different tools and techniques to evaluate, diagnose and treat mental health conditions. These include therapy or counseling, medication, and self-help strategies.

A wound is a type of injury that occurs when the skin or other tissues are cut, pierced, torn, or otherwise broken. Wounds can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, violence, surgery, or certain medical conditions. There are several different types of wounds, including:

* Incisions: These are cuts that are made deliberately, often during surgery. They are usually straight and clean.
* Lacerations: These are tears in the skin or other tissues. They can be irregular and jagged.
* Abrasions: These occur when the top layer of skin is scraped off. They may look like a bruise or a scab.
* Punctures: These are wounds that are caused by sharp objects, such as needles or knives. They are usually small and deep.
* Avulsions: These occur when tissue is forcibly torn away from the body. They can be very serious and require immediate medical attention.

Injuries refer to any harm or damage to the body, including wounds. Injuries can range from minor scrapes and bruises to more severe injuries such as fractures, dislocations, and head trauma. It is important to seek medical attention for any injury that is causing significant pain, swelling, or bleeding, or if there is a suspected bone fracture or head injury.

In general, wounds and injuries should be cleaned and covered with a sterile bandage to prevent infection. Depending on the severity of the wound or injury, additional medical treatment may be necessary. This may include stitches for deep cuts, immobilization for broken bones, or surgery for more serious injuries. It is important to follow your healthcare provider's instructions carefully to ensure proper healing and to prevent complications.

Isocyanates are a group of highly reactive chemicals that are widely used in the production of flexible and rigid foams, fibers, coatings, and adhesives. The most common isocyanates are toluene diisocyanate (TDI) and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI). Exposure to isocyanates can cause a range of health effects, including irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin, as well as respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Long-term exposure has been linked to the development of asthma and other respiratory diseases. Isocyanates are also known to be potential sensitizers, meaning that they can cause an allergic response in some individuals. It is important for workers who handle isocyanates to use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and follow proper safety protocols to minimize exposure.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sri Lanka" is not a medical term or concept. Sri Lanka is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, south of India. It is known for its diverse landscapes ranging from rainforests and arid plains to highlands and sandy beaches.

If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try and help answer them!

'Vulnerable populations' is a term used in public health and medicine to refer to groups of individuals who are at a higher risk of negative health outcomes or have limited access to healthcare services. These populations can be defined by various sociodemographic, economic, and environmental factors, including:

1. Age: Older adults and children, especially those with chronic medical conditions, are often considered vulnerable populations due to their increased susceptibility to illness and reduced ability to access care.
2. Race/Ethnicity: Racial and ethnic minorities may face barriers to healthcare access, discrimination, and systemic inequities that contribute to poorer health outcomes.
3. Socioeconomic status: Individuals with low income, limited education, or unstable housing are more likely to experience health disparities due to reduced access to quality healthcare, nutritious food, and safe living environments.
4. Disability status: People with disabilities may face physical, communication, or attitudinal barriers that limit their ability to access healthcare services and contribute to poorer health outcomes.
5. Sexual orientation and gender identity: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) individuals often experience discrimination and stigma in healthcare settings, which can negatively impact their health and access to care.
6. Immigration status: Undocumented immigrants and refugees may face legal barriers to healthcare access, language barriers, and fear of deportation that contribute to poorer health outcomes.
7. Geographic location: Rural areas and urban "food deserts" often lack adequate healthcare resources and access, leading to health disparities for residents in these regions.
8. Incarceration status: Individuals involved in the criminal justice system may experience limited access to healthcare services and face unique health challenges related to their incarceration.
9. Mental health status: People with mental illness or substance use disorders are often considered vulnerable populations due to stigma, discrimination, and reduced access to quality care.

It is important to note that these factors can intersect and compound the vulnerabilities faced by individuals within these groups. Addressing the needs of vulnerable populations requires a comprehensive approach that addresses social determinants of health, systemic inequities, and barriers to healthcare access.

Medically, the term "refugees" does not have a specific definition. However, in a broader social and humanitarian context, refugees are defined by the United Nations as:

"People who are outside their country of nationality or habitual residence; have a well-founded fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and are unable or unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution."

Refugees often face significant health challenges due to forced displacement, violence, trauma, limited access to healthcare services, and harsh living conditions. They may experience physical and mental health issues, including infectious diseases, malnutrition, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Providing medical care and support for refugees is an important aspect of global public health.

Public health practice is a multidisciplinary approach that aims to prevent disease, promote health, and protect communities from harmful environmental and social conditions through evidence-based strategies, programs, policies, and interventions. It involves the application of epidemiological, biostatistical, social, environmental, and behavioral sciences to improve the health of populations, reduce health disparities, and ensure equity in health outcomes. Public health practice includes a wide range of activities such as disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, health promotion, community engagement, program planning and evaluation, policy analysis and development, and research translation. It is a collaborative and systems-based approach that involves partnerships with various stakeholders, including communities, healthcare providers, policymakers, and other organizations to achieve population-level health goals.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hospital Volunteers" is not a term with a specific medical definition. However, I can provide you with a general description. Hospital volunteers are individuals who offer their time and services to assist hospital staff and patients without compensation. They perform various tasks, such as providing information to visitors, assisting with patient transport, or offering emotional support to patients and their families. The specific roles and responsibilities of hospital volunteers may vary depending on the hospital's needs and the volunteer's skills and interests.

Social work, psychiatric, is a specialized field of social work practice that focuses on the mental, emotional, and behavioral well-being of individuals, families, groups, and communities. It involves the application of social work principles, theories, and interventions to address the psychosocial needs and challenges of people living with mental illness or experiencing psychological distress.

Psychiatric social workers collaborate with other mental health professionals, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, and nurses, to provide comprehensive care for individuals with psychiatric disorders. They conduct biopsychosocial assessments, develop treatment plans, provide counseling and therapy, coordinate services, advocate for patients' rights, and engage in case management and discharge planning.

Psychiatric social workers also play a critical role in promoting mental health awareness, reducing stigma associated with mental illness, and advocating for policies that support the mental health needs of individuals and communities. They may work in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, community mental health centers, private practices, and residential treatment facilities.

Bioterrorism is the intentional use of microorganisms or toxins derived from living organisms to cause disease, death, or disruption in noncombatant populations. Biological agents can be spread through the air, water, or food and may take hours to days to cause illness, depending on the agent and route of exposure. Examples of biological agents that could be used as weapons include anthrax, smallpox, plague, botulism toxin, and viruses that cause hemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola. Bioterrorism is a form of terrorism and is considered a public health emergency because it has the potential to cause widespread illness and death, as well as social disruption and economic loss.

The medical definition of bioterrorism focuses on the use of biological agents as weapons and the public health response to such attacks. It is important to note that the majority of incidents involving the intentional release of biological agents have been limited in scope and have not resulted in widespread illness or death. However, the potential for large-scale harm makes bioterrorism a significant concern for public health officials and emergency responders.

Preparation and response to bioterrorism involve a multidisciplinary approach that includes medical professionals, public health officials, law enforcement agencies, and government organizations at the local, state, and federal levels. Preparedness efforts include developing plans and procedures for responding to a bioterrorism event, training healthcare providers and first responders in the recognition and management of biological agents, and stockpiling vaccines, medications, and other resources that may be needed during a response.

In summary, bioterrorism is the intentional use of biological agents as weapons to cause illness, death, or disruption in noncombatant populations. It is considered a public health emergency due to its potential for widespread harm and requires a multidisciplinary approach to preparedness and response.

First Aid is the immediate and temporary treatment or care given to a sick, injured, or wounded person until full medical services become available. It can include simple procedures like cleaning and dressing wounds, administering CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation), preventing shock, or placing a splint on a broken bone. The goal of first aid is to preserve life, prevent further harm, and promote recovery.

An emergency is a sudden, unexpected situation that requires immediate medical attention to prevent serious harm, permanent disability, or death. Emergencies can include severe injuries, trauma, cardiac arrest, stroke, difficulty breathing, severe allergic reactions, and other life-threatening conditions. In such situations, prompt medical intervention is necessary to stabilize the patient's condition, diagnose the underlying problem, and provide appropriate treatment.

Emergency medical services (EMS) are responsible for providing emergency care to patients outside of a hospital setting, such as in the home, workplace, or public place. EMS personnel include emergency medical technicians (EMTs), paramedics, and other first responders who are trained to assess a patient's condition, provide basic life support, and transport the patient to a hospital for further treatment.

In a hospital setting, an emergency department (ED) is a specialized unit that provides immediate care to patients with acute illnesses or injuries. ED staff includes physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who are trained to handle a wide range of medical emergencies. The ED is equipped with advanced medical technology and resources to provide prompt diagnosis and treatment for critically ill or injured patients.

Overall, the goal of emergency medical care is to stabilize the patient's condition, prevent further harm, and provide timely and effective treatment to improve outcomes and save lives.

Public health is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts of society." It focuses on improving the health and well-being of entire communities, populations, and societies, rather than individual patients. This is achieved through various strategies, including education, prevention, surveillance of diseases, and promotion of healthy behaviors and environments. Public health also addresses broader determinants of health, such as access to healthcare, housing, food, and income, which have a significant impact on the overall health of populations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the 'United States Department of Homeland Security' (DHS) is not a medical term or concept. It's a cabinet department of the U.S. federal government, created in response to the September 11 attacks, with the primary responsibilities of protecting the United States from terrorism and managing border control. The DHS includes several components, including the U.S. Coast Guard, Transportation Security Administration (TSA), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), among others.

If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Red Cross" is not a medical term per se. It is the name of an international humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance, disaster relief, and education in communities around the world. The Red Cross, along with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and other national societies that make up the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, is guided by the Geneva Conventions to protect and assist victims of war and armed conflict.

However, in a broader sense, when people refer to "Red Cross" in a medical context, they might be referring to the American Red Cross or other national societies that provide various health-related services, such as blood donation and transfusion, first aid, CPR and AED training, disaster mental health services, and emergency preparedness education.

Industrial disasters List of maritime disasters List of spaceflight-related accidents and incidents List of structural failures ... In-depth observations and post-disaster analysis have been documented to a large extent to help prevent similar disasters from ... multiple people can be affected which leads to an engineering disaster. A disaster is defined as a calamity that results in ... Engineering disasters often arise from shortcuts in the design process. Engineering is the science and technology used to meet ...
... is the third full-length records for the English indie rock band Hood. The LP version was released in 1996 ...
The two "mega-disasters" of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and Hurricane Katrina in 2005 inspired the series and provided a ... Mega Disasters is an American documentary television series that originally aired from May 23, 2006, to July 2008 on The ... Excepting only two shows devoted to man-made disasters, the threats explored can be divided into three general categories: ... A presentation of previous similar disasters. A recap of the evidence. A hypothetical scenario using 3D computer animation to ...
... is Jonathan Seet's second album, released by Aporia Records/MapleNationwide on 14 February 2003. "À Bientôt ...
... may refer to: 1989 Phillips disaster, a series of explosions and fire on October 23, 1989, in Pasadena, ... Texas 1999 Phillips disaster, an explosion and fire on June 23, 1999, in Pasadena, Texas 2000 Phillips disaster, an explosion ... Texas This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Phillips disasters. If an internal link led you here, ...
"TRIVIAL DISASTERS play review , English play review". www.MumbaiTheatreGuide.com. Retrieved 2016-08-19. v t e (Indian plays, ... ". "Kalki Koechlin portrays five roles in play 'Trivial Disasters'". indianexpress.com. The Indian Express. 2014-07-31. ...
The journal was established in 1977 and covers aspects of disaster studies, policy and management. Disasters publishes field ... Disasters is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell for the Overseas Development Institute ( ... ODI). Disasters is managed by the Humanitarian Policy Group at the ODI. ... ". "Disasters - Overview - Wiley Online Library". Onlinelibrary.wiley.com. doi:10.1111/(ISSN)1467-7717. Retrieved 2013-04-11. " ...
"Appeals Archive". Disasters Emergency Committee. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2017. "Gaza Crisis Appeal". Disasters ... "How we work". Disasters Emergency Committee. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2017. "Appeals". Disasters Emergency ... "Disasters Emergency Committee appeal for people fleeing Burma reaches £3 million with UK aid support - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. ... The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) is an umbrella group of UK charities which coordinates and launches collective appeals ...
List of disasters in Australia List of disasters in Canada List of disasters in Canada by death toll List of disasters in ... List of disasters in Great Britain and Ireland List of disasters in Haiti Lists of disasters in Indonesia List of disasters in ... List of disasters in New Zealand List of natural disasters in New Zealand List of disasters in Pakistan List of disasters in ... Poland List of disasters in South Korea List of disasters in Thailand List of disasters in the United States List of disasters ...
1908 mining disasters, 1908 in Wyoming, 1903 disasters in the United States, 1908 disasters in the United States, June 1903 ... Coal mining disasters in Wyoming, 1903 mining disasters, 1903 in Wyoming, ... The disaster at the Union Pacific Coal Company Hanna mine #1 occurred on June 30, 1903. Coal mine gas (methane) was ignited in ... "1908 Hanna Mine Disaster Victims Buried In Hanna Cemetery In Unknown or Nameless Graves", Hanna Basin Museum (This list taken ...
"Mouth Shut (U)". King Arthur's Disasters home page King Arthur's Disasters at IMDb (Use dmy dates from February 2023, Use ... King Arthur's Disasters is a British animated series which first aired on CITV. Co-created by Paul Parkes and Will Ashurst, the ... King Arthur's Disasters was the highest-rated new CITV show during spring 2005. It regularly achieved an audience share of over ... The main recurring characters are: Arthur (Rik Mayall), the eponymous king whose disasters provide the main plot motivation. ...
1891 mining disasters, 1956 mining disasters, 1958 mining disasters, Coal mining disasters in Canada, Mines in Nova Scotia, ... Underground mines in Canada, 1956 disasters in Canada, 1958 disasters in Canada, 1891 disasters in Canada). ... Springhill mining disaster may refer to any of three deadly Canadian mining disasters that occurred in 1891, 1956, and 1958 in ... "U2 Springhill Mining Disaster - U2 on tour". U2gigs.com. Retrieved February 17, 2016. Rare U2 Springhill Mining Disaster Live ...
"Disaster Management". Napas.org. Retrieved 2013-02-01. Jagger, Jessica Carol. "ProQuest Document View - Disaster Management ... All of these factors can increase the degree of variation of risk in disaster situations with disabled individuals. Disasters ... When visual assessments in disaster shelters are conducted, disaster workers are often unable to identify and respond to their ... Disability as a factor in disaster planning is an issue that is receiving attention from some disaster management jurisdictions ...
When the Natural Disasters challenged Money Inc. they won the fan support as they fired manager Jimmy Hart. The Disasters first ... The Natural Disasters were outraged that their manager would go behind their backs and get another team a shot at the title, ... The Natural Disasters appear in WWE 2K16, WWE 2K17 and WWE 2K18. Super World of Sports SWS Tag Team Championship (1 time) World ... The Disasters' feud never came to fruition as Earthquake left the WWF very early in 1993. Typhoon briefly stayed with the WWF ...
... is the second full-length album released by punk rock band Dead Kennedys. Recorded in San Francisco ... Type Plastic surgery disasters in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter. (Cite certification used for United ... as eight tracks added onto its end and also appear on streaming versions of Plastic Surgery Disasters. Dead Kennedys Jello ... Interviewer: "Who else influenced you?" Jello Biafra: "...When I wrote Plastic Surgery Disasters, the main stuff I was ...
1813 mining disasters, 1821 mining disasters, 1847 mining disasters, 1812 disasters in the United Kingdom, 1813 disasters in ... By far the worst of the four was the 1812 disaster which claimed 91 lives on 25 May 1812. The loss of life in the 1812 disaster ... This arrangement proved fortuitous in the aftermath of the disaster. From the base of the pits a number of headings were first ... Public interest was fed by a short (16-page) pamphlet written by him and published prior to the second disaster in late 1813. ...
... they were some of earliest large-scale pit disasters in the nineteenth century and along with the Abercarn colliery disaster of ... The Risca colliery disasters were a series of catastrophic mine explosions near the Welsh town of Risca (then in the county of ... The main disasters in Risca attracted nationwide press coverage and resulted in official inquiries to determine the causes of ... Owen, David (2005). South Wales collieries / Mining disasters. Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-3564-7. "Fatal Colliery Explosion". The ...
The National Disasters Management Institute (Portuguese: Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades, INGC) is the disaster ... disaster management in Mozambique was under the purview of the Department for the Prevention and Combat of Natural Disasters ( ... for the resettlement of persons displaced by natural disasters. The INGC prepares for and responds to both natural disasters, ... The INGC coordinates disaster management efforts with and receives support from public and private institutions, non- ...
Natural disasters reveal the traditional view of disasters as divine retribution: tian zai (天災), literally 'heavenly disaster ... It provides reference for disaster-management departments in their decision-making and technical support for China's disaster- ... assessing disasters and emergency relief, and analyzing and studying disasters using such advanced technology as satellite ... Natural disasters in China are the result of several different natural hazards that affect the country according to its ...
1995 Marcopper mining disaster in the Philippines, March 1996 Doñana disaster, tailings dam breach of the Los Frailes zinc/ ... Environmental disasters, Lists of disasters, Environment-related lists, Pollution events by year). ... The Worst Nuclear Disasters Strengthening the Safety of Radiation Sources Archived 2009-03-26 at the Wayback Machine p. 14. ... This article is a list of environmental disasters. In this context it is an annotated list of specific events caused by human ...
... at IMDb Love, Weddings & Other Disasters at AllMovie (Articles with short description, Short ... Love, Weddings & Other Disasters is a 2020 romantic comedy film written and directed by Dennis Dugan, from a story by Dugan, ... Love, Weddings & Other Disasters grossed $0 in the United States and Canada, and a worldwide total of $922,586. The film was ... The website's critics consensus reads: "A romantic comedy only in the loosest sense, Love, Weddings & Other Disasters offers a ...
Reports Disaster management in India Archived 2011-10-06 at the Wayback Machine Resources on Natural Disasters Resources on ... National Disaster Management Authority (India) National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), a union force under NDMA. Odisha ... A natural disaster might be caused by earthquakes, flooding, volcanic eruption, landslides, hurricanes etc. In order to be ... Floods are the most common natural disaster in India. The heavy southwest monsoon rains cause the Brahmaputra and other rivers ...
"Disaster myths after the Great East Japan Disaster and the effects of information sources on belief in such myths." Disasters ... The disaster can also be a jolt of energy which drives people to respond to the emergency. Those who went through the disaster ... In ancient times, disasters were seen through the lens of supernormal explanations. The term "disaster myth" has been created ... They also believe disease epidemics develop in the wake of disasters. The fact that they died from the disaster does not make ...
In international law, the Prevention of Disasters Principle, as first elaborated in the Agenda arising from the United Nations ... pre-emptive or restraining actions when a consensus of scientific opinion is that failing to do so will cause some disaster to ...
Institutional Capacity Coordination Disaster Risk Assessment Disaster Risk Reduction Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and ... National Disaster Management Framework of Nigeria(NDMF) The National Disaster Management Framework of Nigeria (NDMF) framework ... NERA was a post disaster management agency with sole focus on coordination and distribution of relief material to disaster ... "Nigeria floods test government's disaster plans". The Guardian. Retrieved May 27, 2015. "2012 flood disaster cost Nigeria N2.6 ...
Roman Military Disasters: Dark Days & Lost Legions. Pen and Sword. ISBN 978-1-4738-7395-7. Carrhae was the worst Roman disaster ... A military disaster is the defeat of one side in a battle or war which results in the complete failure of the losing side to ... Entries on this list are those where multiple sources dealing with the subject of military disasters have deemed the event in ... Kuehn, John T. (2020-01-16). "Marathon". The 100 Worst Military Disasters in History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-4408-6269-4. McNab ...
The list of maritime disasters is a link page for maritime disasters by century. For a unified list by death toll, see List of ... Shipwreck List of shipwrecks List of disasters List of accidents and disasters by death toll List by death toll of ships sunk ... Disasters with great loss of life can occur in times of armed conflict. Shown below are some of the known events with major ... Some of the disasters below occurred during periods of conflict, although their losses were unrelated to any military action. ...
... at IMDb Love and Other Disasters at AllMovie Love and Other Disasters at Rotten Tomatoes v t e ( ... "Love and Other Disasters"". Retrieved 20 March 2019. "Love and Other Disasters". 11 September 2006. Retrieved 27 May 2020. ... Love and Other Disasters is a 2006 romantic comedy film written and directed by Alek Keshishian. It had its world premiere at ... Rooney, David (10 September 2006). "Love and Other Disasters". Retrieved 20 March 2019. "A Night With Kook & Crook". ...
1944 Balvano train disaster 2000 In an Instant: 1910 Rogers Pass avalanche, 1963 Vajont Dam disaster 2003 When the Earth Moves ... also known as the Orléans air disaster and Villa St. Louis disaster, occurred on 15 May 1956 after a CF-100 fighter jet crashed ... Life in Disaster Row - 1950 Red River Flood - Winnipeg is built at the confluence of two rivers, which sometimes overflow their ... Disasters of the Century is a documentary television series that airs on History Television. The program is produced by Regina ...
Japan has also been the site of some of the 10 worst natural disasters of the 21st century. Many types of natural disasters ... Recent natural disasters in Japan-日本では最近の自然災害 (CS1 Dutch-language sources (nl), Articles needing additional references from ... Japan is the country that is most affected by natural disasters mainly due to it being in the Ring of Fire. Two out of the five ... Some other major disasters in Japan were more recent, such as the January 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the March 2011 ...

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