Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.
Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.
Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.
Written, witnessed declarations in which persons request that if they become disabled beyond reasonable expectation of recovery, they be allowed to die rather than be kept alive by extraordinary means. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
Assistants to a veterinarian, biological or biomedical researcher, or other scientist who are engaged in the care and management of animals, and who are trained in basic principles of animal life processes and routine laboratory and animal health care procedures. (Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
Instructions issued by a physician pertaining to the institution, continuation, or withdrawal of life support measures. The concept includes policies, laws, statutes, decisions, guidelines, and discussions that may affect the issuance of such orders.
The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
The right of the patient or the patient's representative to make decisions with regard to the patient's dying.
The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.
Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
The use of animals as investigational subjects.
Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.
The commitment in writing, as authentic evidence, of something having legal importance. The concept includes certificates of birth, death, etc., as well as hospital, medical, and other institutional records.
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The purpose of this 1990 federal act is to assure that individuals receiving health care services will be given an opportunity to participate in and direct health care decisions affecting themselves. Under this act, hospitals, health care agencies, and health maintenance organizations are responsible for developing patient information for distribution. The information must include patients' rights, advance directives, living wills, ethics committees' consultation and education functions, limited medical treatment (support/comfort care only), mental health treatment, resuscitation, restraints, surrogate decision making and transfer of care. (from JCAHO, Lexicon, 1994)
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.
The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.
Diseases of domestic and wild horses of the species Equus caballus.
The study of the anatomical structures of animals.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION or sonic radiation (SOUND WAVES) which does not produce IONS in matter through which it passes. The wavelengths of non-ionizing electromagentic radiation are generally longer than those of far ultraviolet radiation and range through the longest RADIO WAVES.
Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.
Guideline for determining when it is morally permissible to perform an action to pursue a good end with knowledge that the action will also bring about bad results. It generally states that, in cases where a contemplated action has such double effect, the action is permissible only if: it is not wrong in itself; the bad result is not intended; the good result is not a direct causal result of the bad result; and the good result is "proportionate to" the bad result. (from Solomon, "Double Effect," in Becker, The Encyclopedia of Ethics, 1992)
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for drugs and BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. These include those in ampule, capsule, tablet, solution or other forms. Packaging includes immediate-containers, secondary-containers, and cartons. In the United States, such packaging is controlled under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act which also stipulates requirements for tamper-resistance and child-resistance. Similar laws govern use elsewhere. (From Code of Federal Regulations, 21 CFR 1 Section 210, 1993) DRUG LABELING is also available.
The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.
Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Large, hoofed mammals of the family EQUIDAE. Horses are active day and night with most of the day spent seeking and consuming food. Feeding peaks occur in the early morning and late afternoon, and there are several daily periods of rest.
Laws and regulations concerning hospitals, which are proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)
Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.
Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
An ethical system which emphasizes human values and the personal worth of each individual, as well as concern for the dignity and freedom of humankind.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.
The contamination of indoor air.
Individual's expression of desirability or value of one course of action, outcome, or selection in contrast to others.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The interactions between physician and patient.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
An order of diurnal BIRDS of prey, including EAGLES; HAWKS; buzzards; vultures; and falcons.
The killing of infants at birth or soon after.
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of nursing, proposed for enactment by a legislative body.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
Programs in which participation is required.
Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Specialized health care, supportive in nature, provided to a dying person. A holistic approach is often taken, providing patients and their families with legal, financial, emotional, or spiritual counseling in addition to meeting patients' immediate physical needs. Care may be provided in the home, in the hospital, in specialized facilities (HOSPICES), or in specially designated areas of long-term care facilities. The concept also includes bereavement care for the family. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The social process by which something or someone comes to be regarded and treated as an article of trade or commerce.
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
Legal documents that are declarations of individuals' wishes regarding the disposal of their property or estate after death; esp: written instruments, legally executed, by which dispositions are made of estates. LIVING WILLS are written declarations regarding prolongation of life by extraordinary means.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family STAPHYLOCOCCACEAE. It is a zoonotic organism and common commensal in dogs, but can cause disease in dogs and other animals. It also can be associated with human disease.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.
The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
A family of gram-positive bacteria in the order Lactobacillales, phylum Firmicutes.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.
Active euthanasia of a patient at the patient's request and/or with the patient's consent.
... and the directive setting the framework for marine strategy (2008/56/CE). It has a veterinary legislation that can apply to the ... has a number of directives such as the Directive of Plant Health (2000/29/CE) charged with the prevention of the introduction ... Mexican legislation comprises a series of legal instruments related to invasive species: the Federal Law of Animal Health, the ... However, it has taken directives for the evaluation of risk of foreign aquatic invasive species, with the objective to serve as ...
In 2015, the FDA issued the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) final rule, under which veterinarians must authorize the use of ... On January 1, 2017, the FDA enacted legislation to require that all human medically important feed-grade antibiotics (many ... become classified as Veterinary Feed Directive drugs (VFD). This action requires that farmers establish and work with ... antibiotics that were determined medically important for treatment of animals could be approved under veterinary oversight. In ...
5: Pharmaceutical legislation: veterinary medicinal products. ISBN 92-828-2037-8 Vol. 6: Notice to applicants: veterinary ... defines rules for the conduct of clinical trials Directive 2001/83/EC Directive 2005/28/EC, defines Good Clinical Practice for ... Concerning Veterinary Medicinal Products: Volume 5 - Pharmaceutical Legislation. Volume 6 - Notice to Applicants. Volume 7 - ... 1: Pharmaceutical legislation: medicinal products for human use. ISBN 92-828-2032-7 Vol. 2: Notice to applicants: medicinal ...
Further, although the SPC legislation mentions only Directives 2001/83/EC and 2001/82/EC as the "administrative authorisation ... In C-130/11, the ECJ held that an SPC can be granted regardless of the prior marketing of earlier (veterinary) medicinal ... Directive 2001/20/EC, Directive 2001/83/EC and Regulation (EC) No 726/2004 Regulation (EC) No 1902/2006 of the European ... Directive 2001/20/EC, Directive 2001/83/EC and Regulation (EC) No 726/2004 Regulation 1902/2006 of 20 December 2006 amending ...
"Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council". Article 1, 3(b) (see page 276/39): Official Journal of the ... Veterinary medicine uses, for actual or potential animal pain, the same analgesics and anesthetics as used in humans. ... In the UK, animal protection legislation means that cephalopods used for scientific purposes must be killed humanely, according ... Since September 2010, all cephalopods being used for scientific purposes in the EU are protected by EU Directive 2010/63/EU ...
European Union Directive 2001/83/EC as amended and Directive 2001/20/EC.[citation needed] In 2002, Heads of Medicines Agencies ... Contains Pharmacovigilance guidelines for medicinal products for both human and veterinary use.. ... being determined by legislation and by contemporary judgements about the acceptable balance of benefit and harm. Ultimately, ... "DIRECTIVE 2010/84/EU, Article 101" (PDF). ec.europa.eu. Retrieved October 26, 2015. "International Drug Monitoring : The Role ...
Revised legislation came into force on 1 January 2013. The original act related to the 1986 EU Directive 86/609/EEC which was ... medical and veterinary advances, education, environmental toxicology and includes procedures requiring vivisection, if certain ... This legislation is widely regarded as the strictest in the world protecting animals used in research. Those applying for a ... Revised legislation came into force on 1 January 2013. The Act has been expanded to protect - ...all living vertebrates, other ...
Veterinary Legislation and Management The clinical diagnostic unit has a primary role in the practical training of students. It ... in accordance with their standards and based on the educational requirements of the EC Directive 2005/36, Article 38, the ... The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine consists of 9 departments and a clinical diagnostic unit 1) Department of Veterinary Anatomy ... The idea about the foundation of a veterinary medical faculty in Bulgaria emerges because of the need of veterinary ...
Safety, quality and efficacy are the only criteria on which United Kingdom legislation is founded to control human medicines. ... The legal status of medicines is determined under the Medicines Act 1968 and European Council Directive 2001/83/EC which ... Dietary supplements are regulated under the Food Act and are registered by the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration. ...
On 15 July 1991, the directive of the Council 91/496/CEE defined the veterinary checks to be carried out on imported goods from ... was dispatched to veterinary officials in border inspection posts the legislation necessary for imports. It was also supposed ... Heußner 2007 "Directive 90/425/CEE of the Council". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 19 March 2009. "Directive 91/496/CEE of the ... This resulted in a loss of time at border inspection posts, as one had to wait for the proper legislation to be found. ANIMO ...
... and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have no legislation. All other states/UTs have enacted legislation to prevent the slaughter ... I have purposely adopted this course, as to my mind, the amendment fulfills our object and is midway between the Directive ... The "Preservation, protection and improvement of stock and prevention of animal diseases, veterinary training and practice" is ... Legislation against cattle slaughter is in place throughout most states of India except Kerala, Goa, West Bengal, and states of ...
"VFD - Veterinary Feed Directive". Retrieved 14 March 2017. Dall C. (2018). FDA reports major drop in antibiotics for food ... However, legislation and other curbs on antibiotic use in farm animals are now being introduced across the globe. In 2017, the ... "Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Basics". AVMA. Archived from the original on 15 April 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017. University ... In addition, some drugs were reclassified from 'Over the Counter' (OTC) to 'Veterinary Feed Directive' (VFD); VFD drugs require ...
In 2014, the veterinary Journal of Small Animal Practice published an article on the recognition of pain which started - "The ... "Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council". Official Journal of the European Union. Retrieved December ... Legislation protects some invertebrates when they are being used in research; the taxa protected varies between countries and ... "Bentham, J. (1879). An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. Clarendon Press. Sneddon, L.U. "Can animals ...
Implementation of Food Supplements Directive) (Guernsey) Ordinance, 2014 The Alderney (Application of Legislation) (Food and ... Human and Veterinary) (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 2008 (Commencement and Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 The Health Service ( ... The Alderney (Application of Legislation) (Child Protection) Ordinance, 2000 The Electoral expenditure Ordinance, 2000 The ... 2) Ordinance, 2014 The Alderney (Application of Legislation) (Supplementary Benefit) (Amendment) (No. 2) Ordinance, 2014 The ...
Items used exclusively in veterinary medicine in the UK are included in the BP (Veterinary). Volumes I and II Medicinal ... As a consequence of Directive 2001/83/EC, as amended, the British Approved Names, since 2002, may be assumed to be the ... Legislation.gov.uk. Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 7 November 2016. "Review of World Pharmacopoeias ... Veterinary) Volume VI: (CD-ROM version) British Pharmacopoeia British Pharmacopoeia (Veterinary) British Approved Names The ...
Animal dealers in the European Union (EU) are governed by Council Directive 86/609/EEC. This directive sets forth specific ... Fourteen states prohibit the practice, and the remainder either have no relevant legislation, or permit the practice in certain ... The dealers then sell the animals to universities, medical and veterinary schools, and companies providing animal-testing ... The directive defines 'breeding establishment' as a facility engaged in breeding animals for their use in experiments, and ' ...
Research in Veterinary Science, 50: 95-101 *^ a b "COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 1999/74/EC of 19 July 1999 laying down minimum standards ... EU legislation (Council Directive 1999/74/EC)[10] will ban battery or conventional cages in 2012 meaning that many producers ... Legislation[edit]. Legislation regarding these devices in the UK is formulated by Defra. ... Veterinary Record, 147: 233-238 *^ a b Bestman, M.W.P. and Wagenaar, J.P. 2003. Farm level factors associated with feather ...
Kingdom Legislation.gov.uk delivered by the UK National Archive UK SI's on legislation.gov.uk UK Draft SI's on legislation.gov. ... Veterinary Surgeons and Veterinary Practitioners (Registration) (Amendment) Regulations Order of Council 1993 (S.I. 1993/610) ... 2) Regulations 1993 (S.I. 1993/3172) Commercial Agents (Council Directive) (Amendment) Regulations 1993 (S.I. 1993/3173) ... Veterinary Medicinal Products) (Applications for Product Licences) Regulations 1993 (S.I. 1993/2398) Medicines (Veterinary ...
... has come into function in 2012 with the implementation of the new EU pharmacovigilance legislation (Directive 2010/84/EU). The ... Its scope of operations is medicinal products for human and veterinary use including biologics and advanced therapies, and ... Under this legislation, all applications for marketing authorisation of new medicinal products, or variations to existing ... The Paediatric Committee (PDCO) deals with the implementation of the paediatric legislation in Europe Regulation (EC) No 1901/ ...
The biocides legislation puts emphasis on making the Regulation compatible with the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules and ... The EU regulatory framework for biocides has for years been defined by the Directive 98/8/EC, also known as the Biocidal ... For example, the main group "disinfectants" contains products to be used for human hygiene (PT 1) and veterinary hygiene (PT 3 ... "Guidance on biocides legislation - ECHA". echa.europa.eu. Retrieved 13 April 2018. Wilfried Paulus: Directory of Microbicides ...
Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine. "VFD - Veterinary Feed Directive". Retrieved 14 March 2017.. ... Few policies exist that limit antibiotic use on factory farms, and some proposed legislation in the US has failed to be adopted ... "Merck Veterinary Manual.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Allen, Heather K.; Stanton, Thad B. (1 January 2014). "Altered egos: ... "Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Basics". AVMA. Retrieved 14 March 2017.. *^ a b University of Nebraska, Lincoln (October 2015 ...
... legislation from Sweden, The Netherlands, and Germany. With a 2004 amendment to the Cosmetics Directive, the animal testing for ... New Zealand Veterinary Association. "Home page". NZVA. Retrieved 2 September 2012. Ministry for Primary Industries. "Animal ... Directive 86/609/EEC showed considerable variation in the manner member countries chose to exercise the directive: compare, for ... subject to Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes, which was finalized in November 2010 ...
As of March 2010 there were two working groups: The Revision of Directive 86/609 working group is reviewing the directive; the ... The APC no longer exists as the ASPA has been revised in accordance with EU legislation. It was disbanded on 31 December 2012 ... The Act stipulated that at least two-thirds of the members had full registration as medical practitioners or veterinary ...
Animal welfare in the United Kingdom Veterinary Medicines Directive Food Standards Agency [1] Defra [2] National Office of ... as well as being an influential and respected force in matters of legislation around the industry. They are also keen to ... The members of NOAH typically come from a broad spectrum of the animal and veterinary medicine industry including small UK ... Animal Health (NOAH) Animal Medicines Database NOAH Compendium Veterinary Medicines Regulation (VMR) UK Government ...
... which is reflected in some national and international legislation. In the UK, the legislation protecting animals during ... In 2014, the veterinary Journal of Small Animal Practice published an article on the recognition of pain which started - "The ... "Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council". Official Journal of the European Union. Retrieved April 17 ... Veterinary articles have been published stating both reptiles and amphibians experience pain in a way analogous to humans, and ...
On 30 October 2019, the day named as "exit day" in British legislation was changed to 31 January 2020 at 11.00 pm. The UK's ... A no-deal Brexit would have made the UK no longer party to the Motor Insurance Directive. According to Irish no deal ... There were also concerns about insufficient veterinary staff to process export health certificates. In August 2019 it was ... In the event of a "no-deal" exit existing legislation would have been used as far as possible to cover any essential ...
"Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Retrieved 12 October 2018. "Caucus Membership". U.S. ... DeFazio has shown a propensity to vote against legislation that would increase U.S. military power. In 2000, he voted against ... DeFazio financial transaction tax National Security and Homeland Security Presidential Directive Continuity of Operations Plan ... In December 2010, he told CNN that the White House was "putting on tremendous pressure" about legislation extending the Bush ...
The EU Directive allows "enriched" or "furnished" cages to be used. Under the directive, enriched cages must be at least 45 cm ... The Scientific Veterinary Committee of the European Commission stated that "enriched cages and well designed non-cage systems ... In countries with relevant legislation, floor space for battery cages ranges upwards from 300 cm2 per bird. EU standards in ... "European Union Council Directive 1999/74/EC". Official Journal of the European Communities. European Union. 19 July 1999. ...
In September 2009, legislation was drafted to address deliberate cruelty to animals in China. If passed, the legislation would ... The European Union Council Directive 1999/74/EC is a directive passed by the European Union on the minimum standards for ... In more severe cases, exigent circumstances may require that the animal be removed for veterinary care. Play media Play media ... "What is the Australian legislation governing animal welfare?". Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. "ACT legislation ...
Veterinary medicine was, for the first time, truly separated from human medicine in 1761, when the French veterinarian Claude ... While the US healthcare system has come under fire for lack of openness,[18] new legislation may encourage greater openness. ... This list is covered by the Directive 2005/36/EC. Doctors who are negligent or intentionally harmful in their care of patients ... Veterinary medicine; veterinarians apply similar techniques as physicians to the care of animals. ...
Directive 2004/27/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 amending Directive 2001/83/EC on the ... In Brazil, the prices are regulated through a legislation under the name of Medicamento Genérico (generic drugs) since 1999.[18 ... veterinary drugs, fragrances, and cosmetics. PPCPs have been detected in water bodies throughout the world and ones that ... Directive 2004/27/EC Official Journal of the European Union. 30 April 2004 L136 ...
a b Excluding Chapters 34 (Institutions) and 35 (Other Issues) since these are not legislation chapters. ... Food Safety, Veterinary & Phytosanitary Policy. Considerable efforts needed. Generally aligned with the acquis 2006-03-09. 2006 ... Further information: Citizens' Rights Directive and Freedom of movement for workers in the European Union ... Croatia subsequently denied any discrimination, and said that Croatian legislation provided for the same treatment of all EU ...
Federal legislation defines three levels of organic foods.[17] Products made entirely with certified organic ingredients, ... As of 2014 the Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority of Singapore had no organic certification process, but instead relied on ... Controlling of compliancy (to (ES) no 882/2004 directive) is provided by government body ÚKZÚZ (Central Institute for ... The United States, the European Union, Canada and Japan have comprehensive organic legislation, and the term "organic" may be ...
Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 August 2017.. *^ "Administration of Justice Act 1964" (PDF). Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 ... The Royal Veterinary College is based in Camden (with another site in North Mymms in Hertfordshire). ... but otherwise lacks the power to block his directives. The headquarters of the GLA is at City Hall in Southwark. The Mayor is ...
In April 2014, the legislature of the Netherlands passed legislation prohibiting sale of glyphosate to individuals for use at ... The final assessment of the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority in 2017 was that "glyphosate does not pose ... amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. OJEU L353, 31.12.2008, ... In September 2013, the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador approved legislation to ban 53 agrochemicals, including glyphosate; ...
Veterinary World. 8: 229-232.. *^ a b Merck, Melinda D.; Miller, Doris M.; Reisman, Robert W. (2012-01-01). DVM, Melinda D. ... sensationalism and pictures of dirty kennels are used to justify additional legislation or additional restrictive licensing ... EU Directive 2010/63/EU (EU). *EU Directive 1999/74/EC (EU) ... However, the dogs were taken for thorough veterinary screenings ... Veterinary Forensics: Animal Cruelty Investigations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,. pp. 207-232. doi:10.1002/9781118704738.ch11/ ...
The parliament of the European Union (EU) makes legislation in the form of directives and regulations, many of which are ... NVRQS (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) Packaged meat, milk & dairy products (butter, cheese), hamburger ... Legislation means that people responsible for selling or serving unsafe food may be liable for heavy fines. ... NVRQS (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service) Imported Marine products; fresh, chilled, frozen, salted, ...
This ad hoc situation was codified by legislation in the 1930 Hague Convention on International Law. However, only Chile and ... Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency. *British Cattle Movement Service. *The Country Code ... These limits have been renewed in legislation on two occasions, and although these rights are not a permanent feature of the ... of the CFP was delayed by the difficulty in member states reaching agreement on the provisions of the legislation required. An ...
A study of plants in central Italy reported some veterinary use of wormwood as an anthelmintic for cows. Guarrera, P.M. (1999 ... and remained in force until 1992 when the Italian government amended its laws to comply with the EU directive 88/388/EEC. ... is included in the 2006 Vanuatu consolidated legislation, and contains the following all-encompassing restriction: "The ...
"Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. 17 (1): 219-240. doi:10.1016/s0195-5616(87)50614-3. Retrieved 2008- ... "Directive 86/609". European Coalition to End Animal Experiments. Archived from the original on 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2008-10-08 ... are seeking a ban on all NHP use in experiments as part of the European Union's review of animal testing legislation.[189] ...
On March 7, 1950, MacArthur issued a directive that reduced the sentences by one-third for good behavior and authorized the ... This legislation was passed in response to the Doolittle Raid, which occurred on April 18, 1942, in which American B-25 bombers ... "The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 50 (8): 865-72. PMC 2711476. PMID 19881928.. ... The death rate of Chinese POWs was much higher because-under a directive ratified on August 5, 1937, by Emperor Hirohito-the ...
In the European Union, the Third Non-Life Directive and the Third Life Directive, both passed in 1992 and effective 1994, ... In Britain more extensive legislation was introduced by the Liberal government in the 1911 National Insurance Act. This gave ... veterinary fees, and prospective foal. ... 2003). The Impact of the European Union Insurance Directives on ...
Bush signed a Homeland Security Presidential Directive 10.[4] The directive laid out the country's 21st Century biodefense ... Legislation[edit]. During the 115th Congress in July 2018, four Members of Congress, both Republican and Democrat (Anna Eshoo, ... and veterinary medical record systems could be of help; researchers are also considering the utility of data generated by ... Homeland Security Presidential Directive - 10 (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. 2004. pp. 57-65.. ...
"What is the Australian legislation governing animal welfare?".. *^ "ACT legislation register - Animal Welfare Act 1992 - main ... The European Union Council Directive 1999/74/EC[150] is a directive passed by the European Union on the minimum standards for ... "Australian Veterinary Association. Retrieved 1 May 2013.. *^ Lockwood, R.; Hodge, G. (1986). "The tangled web of animal abuse: ... In September 2009, legislation was drafted to address deliberate cruelty to animals in China. If passed, the legislation would ...
Legislation.gov.uk delivered by the UK National Archive UK SI's on legislation.gov.uk UK Draft SI's on legislation.gov.uk List ... Veterinary Surgeons and Veterinary Practitioners (Registration) (Amendment) Regulations Order of Council 1994 (S.I. 1994/305) ... Third Insurance Directives) Regulations 1994 (S.I. 1994/1696) Education (Amount to Follow Permanently Excluded Pupil) ... Veterinary Medicinal Products) (Veterinary Surgeons from Other EEA States) Regulations 1994 (S.I. 1994/2986) Medicines ( ...
This period also saw the passage of the first conservation legislation and the establishment of the first nature conservation ... Samways, Michael J. (1993). "Insects in biodiversity conservation: some perspectives and directives". Biodiversity and ... as well as opened veterinary clinics. Conservation ethics are also found in early religious and philosophical writings. There ... The first country to pursue aggressive biological conservation through national legislation was the United States, which passed ...
The US Department of Health and Human Services regulates drugs of the Veterinary Feed Directive type that can be present within ... UK Food Standards Agency, Animal feed legislation and guidance FAO Feed Safety guidelines Traditional and Innovative Breeding. ...
"Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Basics". AVMA. Archived from the original on 15 April 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017. University ... However, legislation and other curbs on antibiotic use in farm animals are now being introduced across the globe. In 2017, the ... "Veterinary Feed Directive Questions and Answers". UNL Beef. Retrieved 14 March 2017. Elferink, E. V.; et al. (2008). "Feeding ... British Veterinary Association, London (May 2019). "BVA policy position on the responsible use of antimicrobials in food ...
Legal jurisdiction is a monopoly created by the state legislation, as applies to law in many nations. There is considerable ... veterinary medicine, psychology, nursing, teaching, librarianship, optometry and social work, each of which could claim, using ... according to the European Union's Directive on Recognition of Professional Qualifications (2005/36/EC), "those practised on the ... legislation, etc." A critical characteristic of a profession is the need to cultivate and exercise professional discretion - ...
... www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2009 Legislation.gov.uk delivered by the UK National Archive UK SI's on legislation.gov.uk UK Draft ... Divisional Veterinary Managers) Regulations (SI 2009/2712) The Animal Health (Divisional Veterinary Managers) Order (SI 2009/ ... EC Directive) Regulations (SI 2009/859) The Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (Commencement No. 7) Order (SI 2009/860) ... 2) Rules (SI 2009/2472) The Veterinary Surgeons (Registration Appeals) Rules Order of Council (SI 2009/2474) The Payment ...
The Commission of the European Communities (2003-06-25). "Commission Directive 2003/63/EC amending Directive 2001/83/EC of the ... Legislation in the 21st century has addressed this by recognizing an intermediate ground of testing for biosimilars. The filing ... Ryan, Michael P.; Walsh, Gary (2012). "Veterinary-based biopharmaceuticals". Trends in Biotechnology. 30 (12): 615-620. doi: ...
2) Regulations 2019". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 October 2019. "The Environment (Legislative Functions from Directives) ( ... "The Trade in Animals and Animal Products (Legislative Functions) and Veterinary Surgeons (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 ... "The Pollution Prevention and Control (Designation of Directives) (England and Wales) Order 2019". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved ... "The Legislation (Wales) Act 2019 (Commencement) Order 2019". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 October 2019. "The Rural Affairs ...
"Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences , Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences , The University of Vermont". Asci. ... The legislation, signed into law by President George W. Bush, was described by one media outlet as "undercut[ing] more than ... In 2013, the BLM issued new policy directives covering humane treatment of animals during roundups, including the use of ... "Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences , Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences , The University of Vermont". Asci. ...
Although most of Bangladesh's laws were compiled in English, after a 1987 government directive laws are now primarily written ... However, several laws proposed independently by MPs have been transformed into legislation, including the anti-torture law. The ... Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University. BUET, CUET, KUET and RUET are Bangladesh's four public engineering ...
i) imported or introduced from a third country and fail to comply with Community veterinary legislation for their import or ... e) veterinary medicinal products as defined in Article 1(2) of Directive 2001/82/EC; ... For the sake of consistency of Community legislation, the definition of aquatic animal as laid down in Council Directive 2006 ... 3. This Regulation shall be without prejudice to Community veterinary legislation having as its objective the control and ...
Europe bans antimicrobials, legislation proposed in U.S. The European Union has banned the use of four additional ... FDA seeks comments on draft antimicrobial use guide, feed directive process. A draft federal guidance document advocates for ... World Veterinary Day 2019 promotes value of vaccination. Vaccination is an essential tool for preventive veterinary medicine, ... Veterinary Leadership Conference The Veterinary Leadership Conference draws veterinarians from across the U.S. for education ...
Search Veterinary Medicines Directorate website product database for licensed varroa treatments.. Honey show regulations (BBKA) ... Honey Regulations and the Honey Directive. *Food Labelling Regulations. *Food and Environmental Protection Legislation ...
Pursue implementation of New Approach directives on the basis of this framework legislation; pursue alignment of remaining ... traditional sectoral legislation, in particular in the field of pharmaceuticals for veterinary use, cosmetics and foodstuffs. ... Proceed with screening of legislation in the non-harmonised area to ensure that it is in compliance with Articles 28-30 of the ... Adopt legislation against discrimination and develop a timetable for its implementation.. - Complete alignment and implement EC ...
Food Safety Legislation 2018 -. Page highlights state-level legislation passed in 2018 on food safety. (National Conference of ... Regulations, Directives & Notices - Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS) -. (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)) ... Veterinary Medical Libraries Section - Medical Library Association * Veterinary Public Health Association, a division of the ... Veterinary Public Health Concentration - University of Tennessee * Veterinary Public Health Program - The Ohio State University ...
Food Safety Legislation 2018 -. Page highlights state-level legislation passed in 2018 on food safety. (National Conference of ... Regulations, Directives & Notices - Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS) -. (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)) ... The Veterinary Public Health (VPH) program allows students to combine their veterinary studies at any accredited veterinary ... The Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation (JVDI) -. JVDI is devoted to all aspects of veterinary laboratory diagnostic ...
EC of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2001/82/EC on the community code relating to veterinary ... the EC had to evaluate whether amendments to existing EU legislation on medicinal products or other relevant EU legislation ... The ERA was strengthened by consolidating some older EU Directives to give the EC Directive [13,14]. As a consequence, for all ... European Commission 2004 Directive 2004/27/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2001/83/EC on ...
... and the directive setting the framework for marine strategy (2008/56/CE). It has a veterinary legislation that can apply to the ... has a number of directives such as the Directive of Plant Health (2000/29/CE) charged with the prevention of the introduction ... Mexican legislation comprises a series of legal instruments related to invasive species: the Federal Law of Animal Health, the ... However, it has taken directives for the evaluation of risk of foreign aquatic invasive species, with the objective to serve as ...
... the EU legislation takes the form of directives, which the member states must translate into national law. Directives establish ... Regulation: Council Directive [EC] 97/78; Major provisions: Covers the principles governing the organization of veterinary ... According to these sources, the EUs food legislation framework includes the major regulations and directives described in ... The implementation of EU legislation in member states is reviewed by other EU members and by FVO. EU legislation is mostly in ...
... is amending its animal drug regulations regarding veterinary feed directive (VFD) drugs. FDAs current VFD regulation ... Response 48) Congress enacted legislation in 1996 establishing a new class of restricted feed use drugs that may be distributed ... 9) Veterinary feed directive. Three copies of a veterinary feed directive (VFD) must be submitted in a form that accounts for ... Veterinary feed directive drugs.. (a) General requirements related to veterinary feed directive (VFD) drugs. (1) Animal feed ...
PR(08)67: Liechtenstein fails to implement a Directive on social legislation relating to road transport - 19.11.2008 ... Food Safety: Iceland fails to incorporate legislation on veterinary medical products - 22.9.2010 PR(10)51 ... PR(08)05: Iceland fails to incorporate legislation concerning veterinary medicinal products - 6.2.2008 ... Liechtenstein and Norway failing to fully adjust their national legislation to the Professional Qualifications Directive - 10.3 ...
EFSA has published a technical report on the occurrence of residues of veterinary drugs in live animals and animal products. ... Council Directive 96/23/EC of 29 April 1996 on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and ... compares reported levels with limits set out in EU legislation in order to protect consumers. ... EFSA publishes technical report on veterinary drug residues in animals and food. Following a request for assistance from the ...
Veterinary feed directive now in effect Veterinary feed directive now in effect The final regulation implementing the ... Veterinary lawmakers a rare breed. The personal and professional lives of veterinarians are affected by legislation and ... Veterinary prescription mandates are bad for veterinarians, and bad for our patients. This legislation interferes in the ... Stay up-to-date on legislation and regulations affecting veterinary medicine, and know how you can have an impact. ...
Here you can get food industry information, find food legislation, check for FSAI latest news or make an online complaint. ... EC Legislation. Council Directive 96/22/EC (OJ L125, p3, 23/05/1996) of 29 April 1996 concerning the prohibition on the use in ... Council Directives 96/22/EC and its amendments prohibit the use of substances having a hormonal action for growth promotion in ... Third countries whose legislation authorises the administration of stilbenes, stilbene derivatives, their salts and esters, or ...
Veterinary Medicines. Veterinary medicines are not within the scope of the FMD. Veterinary medicines are therefore not subject ... In the UK this is the Department of Health, responsible for updating legislation and setting out penalties; the MHRA, ... The European Directive and the Delegated Regulation are binding on all EU and EEA Member States. As it currently stands, it is ... Therefore veterinary surgeons may be supplied with human medicines by wholesalers who hold a WDA(H) licence. In such cases, ...
Directive 2010/63/EU), and under the French legislation governing the ethical treatment of animals (Decree no. 2001-464, 29 May ... French veterinary services) to carry out animal experiments (INRA 2002-36, 14 April 2002). ...
All animal procedures were conducted by licensed veterinary surgeons and comply with both national and European legislation ( ... Spanish Royal Decree RD1201/2005 and EU Directive 86/609/CEE as modified by 2003/65/CE, respectively) for the protection of ... All animal procedures were conducted by licensed veterinary surgeons and comply with both national and European legislation ( ... Slatters fundamentals of veterinary ophthalmology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2008. p. 175-202.CrossRefGoogle ...
In 2015, the US introduced the veterinary feed directive whereby the use of drugs on the veterinary feed directive list is ... Consumer movements in the EU and the US have played a major role in introducing poultry farming standards and legislation to ...
The database contains information on the regulated professions covered by Directive 2005/36/EC, statistics on migrating ... DIRECTIVE 2005/36/EC Additional information :. Recognition under Directive 2005/36/EC:. Veterinary Surgeon. Qualification level ... DIRECTIVE 2005/36/EC National legislation:. Regio Decreto n. 1265 del 1934 art. 99 e 100. Gli ordinamenti didattici nazionali ... Veterinary Surgeon. harmonised training required here:. Veterinary Surgeon training (Article 38 of Directive 2005/36/EC). ...
... member states have the legal obligation to conserve vultures under the EU Birds Directive and EU Veterinary Drugs legislation. ... After the ban in 2006 of the veterinary use of diclofenac in these countries, vulture population declines have slowed or ... 2014, Bird Conservation International) showed that eagles are also susceptible to veterinary diclofenac, effectively increasing ... A key recommendation of the guidelines is the ban of the veterinary use of diclofenac as one of the most severe causes of ...
7] Commission Directive 2009/8/EC of 10 February 2009 amending Annex I to Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and ... samples checked at import and 299,428 samples collected in the framework of programmes developed under the national legislation ... 3] Council Directive 96/23/EC on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal ... 4] Commission Decision 97/747/EC fixing the levels and frequencies of sampling provided for by Council Directive 96/23/EC for ...
... which began with the adoption of Directive 65/65 in 1965. Today the EU legal framewo ... 2015 marks the 50th anniversary of pharmaceutical legislation in the EU, ... 2 October 2003) adopted by the Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products (CPMP) and by the Committee for Veterinary ... Directives. Regulations. Non-Legislative acts. Miscellaneous. Directives. 2001/83/EC (Consolidated). Directive 2001/83/EC of ...
... samples collected for disease surveillance or trade purposes as required under various EU directives or national legislation. ... The Veterinary Laboratory Service. The veterinary laboratory service (VLS) therefore comprises the Central Veterinary Research ... Veterinary Laboratory Services. Veterinary Laboratory Diagnostic. Diagnostic Tests; A wide spectrum of these tests are provided ... Central Veterinary Research Laboratory. The Central Veterinary Research Laboratory (CVRL) comprises three divisions; ...
European Union Council Directive 2008/120/EC of December 18 2008 set out the minimum standards for tail docking . Despite ... Kevin Vilaca from Southwest Ontario Veterinary Services, Stopping Tail Docking: Still Not A.... Canada East Swine Commentaries ... legislation on the books in... Weekly Livestock Market Update with Scott Brown, March 18th 2019. Commentaries Illinois Swine ... Christine Pelland from Southwest Ontario Veterinary Services, NSAIDS: How Much Pain Relief Do They.... Canada East Swine ...
Law on Veterinary Medicinal Products (Legislative De-cree no. 193/2006 following EC Directive 2004/28); ... stress, immunity, trotter, welfare, legislation.. Introduction. Trotters are exposed to a prolonged and continuous physi-cal ... 2Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine - University of Messina. Polo Universitario Annunziata ... 1Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari (Italy). Str. Prov.le per ...
... its Member States have a legal obligation to conserve vultures under the EU Birds Directive and EU Veterinary Drugs legislation ... An immediate ban on veterinary Diclofenac is needed to protect our vultures from the fate of their Asian cousins, and would ...
The main piece of legislation providing the tools for the control of ASF in the EU is the Council Directive 2002/60/EC (9), ... Veterinary Challenges in Organic Farming Proceedings of the 14th Internordic Symposium of the Nordic Committee for Veterinary ... European Commission (EC). Council Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 Laying Down Specific Provisions for the Control of ... European Commission (EC). Council Directive 2008/71/EC of July 2008 on the Identification and Registration of Pigs (2008). ...
Council Directive 90/667/EEC of 27 November 1990 laying down the veterinary rules for the disposal and processing of animal ... plants and animal feedingstuffs and to the veterinary and zootechnical legislation as a result of German unification ... Remove I Veterinary and Phytosanitary Matters filter I Veterinary and Phytosanitary Matters*I.I Veterinary Issues (40) Apply I. ... Council Directive 90/675/EEC of 10 December 1990 laying down the principles governing the organization of veterinary checks on ...
Henry Waxman (D-Calif.) and Louise Slaughter (D-N.Y.) recently introduced legislation (H.R. 820) that would require drug ... livestock producers administering medicated feed under a Veterinary Feed Directive would submit "detailed information" about " ... Legislation seeks data on antimicrobial use in livestock Shook Hardy & Bacon LLP ... Henry Waxman (D-Calif.) and Louise Slaughter (D-N.Y.) recently introduced legislation (H.R. 820) that would require drug ...
... which harmonizes the Greek national legislation with the European Council Directive 86/609/EEC on the protection of animals ... The present study was approved by the Regional Veterinary Service, in accordance to the National legal framework for the ...
  • They included 415,909 targeted samples and 23,236 suspect samples reported under Council Directive 96/23/EC, 4,329 samples checked at import and 299,428 samples collected in the framework of programmes developed under the national legislation. (europa.eu)
  • The minimum requirements for sampling frequency laid down in Council Directive 96/23/EC and in Commission Decision 97/747/EC were fulfilled by the vast majority of Member States. (europa.eu)
  • 3] Council Directive 96/23/EC on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products and repealing Directives 85/358/EEC and 86/469/EEC and Decisions 89/187/EEC and 91/664/EEC. (europa.eu)
  • 4] Commission Decision 97/747/EC fixing the levels and frequencies of sampling provided for by Council Directive 96/23/EC for the monitoring of certain substances and residues thereof in certain animal products. (europa.eu)
  • The study received permit from the Veterinary Directorate of the Perfecture of Athens according to the Greek legislation in conformance to the Council Directive of the European Community. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In order to control the spread of the virus, the Italian authorities are applying the measures foreseen by Council Directive 2005/94/EC , notably the killing of birds and the setting up of protection and surveillance zones around the affected areas. (europa.eu)
  • A positive list of active substances considered by Member States and the EC Commission, and accepted as meeting criteria as specified in Council Directive 91/414/EEC. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (Consolidated version : 16/11/2012). (europa.eu)
  • Directive 2012/26/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 amending Directive 2001/83/EC as regards pharmacovigilance (OJ L 299, 27.10.2012, p. 1-4). (europa.eu)
  • Directive 2011/62/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2011 amending Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use, as regards the prevention of the entry into the legal supply chain of falsified medicinal products (OJ L 174, 1.7.2011, p. 74-87). (europa.eu)
  • Directive 2010/84/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2010 amending, as regards pharmacovigilance, Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use. (europa.eu)
  • Corrigendum to Directive 2010/84/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2010 amending, as regards pharmacovigilance, Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 276, 21.10.2011, p. 63). (europa.eu)
  • Amended by Commission Directive 2009/120/EC of 14 September 2009 amending Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use as regards advanced therapy medicinal products (OJ L 242, 15.9.2009, p. 3-12). (europa.eu)
  • Directive 2009/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 amending Directive 2001/82/EC and Directive 2001/83/EC, as regards variations to the terms of marketing authorisations for medicinal products (OJ L 168, 30.6.2009, p. 33-34). (europa.eu)
  • Amended by Directive 2008/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 amending Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use, as regards the implementing powers conferred on the Commission (OJ L 81, 20.3.2008, p. 51-52). (europa.eu)
  • Amended by Directive 2004/27/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 amending Directive 2001/83/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 136, 30.4.2004, p. 34-57). (europa.eu)
  • Amended by Commission Directive 2003/63/EC of 25 June 2003 amending Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 159, 27.6.2003, p. 46-94). (europa.eu)
  • Amended by Directive 2002/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 setting standards of quality and safety for the collection, testing, processing, storage and distribution of human blood and blood components and amending Directive 2001/83/EC (OJ L 33, 8.2.2003, p. 30-40). (europa.eu)
  • Directive 2001/20/EC OF the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 April 2001 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use (Consolidated version : 07/08/2009). (europa.eu)
  • The Committee considered the grounds for re-examination of the CVMP opinion for Girolan and its associated name Apralan (apramycin sulfate) adopted on 5 October 2017 in the context of a referral procedure initiated under Article 34 of Directive 2001/82/EC. (europa.eu)
  • Exemption from the regulation are medicinal products for human use, as defined in Directive 2001/83/EC relating to medicinal products for human use, or for veterinary use as defined in Directive 2001/82/EC relating to veterinary medicinal products. (europa.eu)
  • In addition, Commission Directive 2009/120/EC (amending Directive 2001/83/EC) updated the definitions and detailed scientific and technical requirements for gene-therapy medicinal products and somatic cell-therapy medicinal products. (europa.eu)
  • Directive 2001/20/EC of April 2001 lays down approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicines for human use. (europa.eu)
  • In April 2014 the new Regulation EU No 536/2014 on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use, repealing Directive 2001/20/EC, was adopted. (europa.eu)
  • By all means applicants should take into account the principles contained within the Medicinal Products Act, our other national regulations and should conform to the requirements of Directive 2001/83/EC or Directive 2001/82/EC (concerning veterinary medicinal products). (sam.ee)
  • It is also understood by legislation that a common name is, according to Article 1(21) of Directive 2001/83/EC, as amended, "The international non-proprietary name (INN) recommended by the World Health Organisation, or, if one does not exist, the usual common name" . (sam.ee)
  • Among them are DIR 2001/83/EC (medicinal products for humans), DIR 2001/82/EC (veterinary medicinal products), DIR 2002/98/EC (blood and blood products) or DIR 2004/23/EC (tissue and cell products) and, more recently, the regulation for novel therapies (ATMP) 1394/2007. (cleanroomtechnology.com)
  • Directive 2003/94/EC, Directive 2001/83/EC) and following national regulations. (cleanroomtechnology.com)
  • Search Veterinary Medicines Directorate website product database for licensed varroa treatments. (bbka.org.uk)
  • Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) The VMD aims to protect public health, animal health, the environment, and promote animal welfare by assuring the safety, quality and efficacy of veterinary medicines. (phpartners.org)
  • Assessment of applications for a licence to market veterinary and human medicines in the UK and monitoring of their safety in use is undertaken in the case of animals by the veterinary medicines directorate and in the case of people by the Medicines Control Agency. (parliament.uk)
  • Health Canada does not test, approve or regulate foods sold for companion animals in Canada , however, the Veterinary Drugs Directorate is responsible for authorising therapeutic claims that could be made on pet food. (gc.ca)
  • Following a request for assistance from the European Commission, EFSA has published a technical report on the occurrence of residues of veterinary drugs in live animals and animal products. (europa.eu)
  • Exposure to residues of veterinary drugs will usually occur at extremely low levels, but potentially for long periods, possibly over a lifetime. (docplayer.net)
  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its animal drug regulations regarding veterinary feed directive (VFD) drugs. (federalregister.gov)
  • In passing the ADAA, Congress created a new regulatory category for certain animal drugs used in or on animal food (animal feed) called veterinary feed directive drugs (or VFD drugs). (federalregister.gov)
  • In 2015, the US introduced the veterinary feed directive whereby the use of drugs on the veterinary feed directive list is permitted only under the professional supervision of a licensed veterinarian. (hindustantimes.com)
  • EU member states have the legal obligation to conserve vultures under the EU Birds Directive and EU Veterinary Drugs legislation. (conbio.org)
  • This information will further enhance FDA's ongoing activities related to slowing the development of antimicrobial resistance to help ensure that safe and effective antimicrobial new animal drugs will remain available for use in human and animal medicine," Dr. William T. Flynn, D.V.M., M.S., deputy director for science policy in the FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine, said in a press release . (healthline.com)
  • It also requires removing the drugs from over-the-counter availability to "veterinary feed directive" or "prescription" status. (healthline.com)
  • Rep. Louise Slaughter (D-NY), a microbiologist who has repeatedly introduced legislation to curb widespread antibiotic use in farm animals, says she'll continue to push the FDA to "quickly expand its efforts to on-farm surveillance so that new antibiotics remain effective and don't go the way of current drugs. (healthline.com)
  • If passed, the legislation would require the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which oversees the drugs in food animals, to review the duration of use of approved indications for medically important antibiotics labeled for animal use and would give the agency authority to withdraw approvals for unjustified durations. (umn.edu)
  • and ensure that producers do not administer these drugs without veterinary supervision. (civileats.com)
  • Importation of products with therapeutic claims intended for use in animals, such as veterinary drugs, is regulated by Health Canada's Health Product and Food Branch Inspectorate . (gc.ca)
  • It is important to note that the Veterinary Feed Directive was officially implemented Jan. 1 of this year, but 2017 sales data will not be reported until 2018. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • In the spring of 2017, two new regulations in this area came into force that have resulted in certain changes and also necessitate amendments to national legislation. (kan.de)
  • In 2018, Parliament approved new legislation on the posting of workers to ensure equal pay for equal work in the same place. (europa.eu)
  • Pacific Veterinary Conference June 28-July 1, 2018! (cvma.net)
  • Join us for the 2018 Pacific Veterinary Conference in the city known for its classy culture, breathtaking views, and infamous. (cvma.net)
  • Objective of the guideline In order to establish the safety of veterinary drug residues in human food, a number of toxicological evaluations are required including the assessment of potential to induce neoplasia. (docplayer.net)
  • The objective of this guideline is to ensure that the assessment of carcinogenic potential is appropriate for human exposure to veterinary drug residues in human food Background The assessment of carcinogenic potential has been identified as one of the key areas to be considered in the evaluation of the safety of veterinary drug residues in human food. (docplayer.net)
  • In addition, more general and integrative steps of regulation, legislation and research have been developed and are presented in this article. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Entering into force on 1st January 2013, the Directive set out three actionable objectives for achieving this aim: to 'Strengthen Good Manufacturing and Good Distribution Practices', improve the regulation and supervision of actors within the medicinal distribution chain, and ensure the integrity and authenticity of medicines - including associated safety features. (abpi.org.uk)
  • Please contact the trade section of the Mission of Canada to the European Union at [email protected] if you have specific questions or are facing issues about an EU-level regulation or legislation. (gc.ca)
  • Regulation (EC) No 726/2004 (consolidated version 5/6/2013) of March 2004 on procedures for the authorisation and supervision of medicines for human and veterinary use and establishing the European Medicines Agency. (europa.eu)
  • Commission Regulation (EC) No 1234/2008 of November 2008 (the Variations Regulation) lays down provisions concerning the examination of variations to the terms of all marketing authorisations for human and veterinary medicines. (europa.eu)
  • Nine key UK bioscience organisations have signed a Declaration of Concern about revision of EU Directive 86/609, urging MEPs to take a balanced view on revision of European regulation of animal research. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • The revision of the Directive is an opportunity for all sectors to advance animal welfare, minimise animal use and achieve a level playing field for regulation across Europe. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • Since 1965 a developing body of European legislation has progressively eroded and replaced elements of the Medicines Act 1968 such that most aspects of medicines regulation are now governed by a number of directives, which have recently been codified into a smaller number of regulations. (parliament.uk)
  • In the review of external regulation, ANIMPACT focused on legal analysis of the Directive, empirical analysis of the project evaluation process and analysis of the perception of important stakeholders. (europa.eu)
  • Among stakeholders directly affected by the Directive (bench scientists, pharma industry and research funders) all see a clear need for regulation of animal use and to a large degree share the intentions behind the directive. (europa.eu)
  • Things began to move on in May 1994, when the Commission of the European Union and the Council of Europe decided to create a network of official medicines control laboratories (OMCLs), designed to be a new collaboration in the area of quality control of marketed medicinal products for human and veterinary use. (pharmaceutical-journal.com)
  • Since the regulatory guidelines came into force the German Federal Agency (UBA) has been evaluating ERAs for human and veterinary pharmaceutical products before they are marketed. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • For veterinary products, hormones, antibiotics and parasiticides were most often discussed as being environmentally relevant. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Legislation in at least 13 states would define meat to exclude plant and cell culture products. (avma.org)
  • The report summarises the data collected from the monitoring on the presence of residues of veterinary medicinal products and certain substances in live animals and animal products in the European Union, in 2011. (europa.eu)
  • Directive 2009/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the colouring matters which may be added to medicinal products (Recast) (OJ L 109, 30.4.2009, p. 10-13). (europa.eu)
  • Manufactured food products were mainly the responsibility of DG III (Industry or, later, Internal Market) where more general controls (often term ' horizontal ' legislation) were introduced as part of the 'internal market' programme. (reading.ac.uk)
  • There are exemptions on medical, veterinary, alimentary and cosmetic products, polymers and some on-site isolated intermediates. (europa.eu)
  • Commission Directive 2005/28/EC of April 2005 laying down principles and detailed guidelines for GCP as regards investigational medicines for human use, as well as the requirements for authorisation of the manufacturing or importation of such products. (europa.eu)
  • 3.2 The name of the medicinal product should not contain pharmaceutical form (and species for veterinary medicinal products). (sam.ee)
  • To ensure that the chain of animals and their bio-products comply with veterinary requirements, the national regulatory acts are being drawn up in cooperation with non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders by introducing requirements not regulated in the European Union legislation, options provided to Member States in EU regulations and legal provisions incorporated in EU Directives and Decisions. (vmd.gov.lv)
  • The regulatory acts cover veterinary requirements for movement of animals and animal bio-products among EU Member States and the import from third countries, requirements for accompanying documents, procedures for control and monitoring in trade with animals and their bio-products with EU Member States, as well as the procedure for veterinary controls upon importing animals and their bio-products from third countries. (vmd.gov.lv)
  • There has been UK medicines legislation and national authorisation of human and veterinary medicinal products for the market for the past 35 years. (parliament.uk)
  • Moreover, guidance regarding requirements for medicinal products is also provided by directives and guidelines from professional bodies. (cleanroomtechnology.com)
  • One of the principles of the framework was that existing legislation and regulatory bodies would be used to regulate biotechnology products, and that they would build on existing laws and expertise, rather than developing entirely new laws and agencies. (gc.ca)
  • This means that agricultural products of biotechnology are regulated under the same broad legislation and structures, with the addition of some new regulations and administrative procedures, as agricultural products produced in more traditional ways. (gc.ca)
  • Medicines and products such as in-vivo diagnostic products (e.g. contrast agents), cosmetics, personal protective equipment and products intended for use solely in veterinary medicine do not fall within the scope of the medical devices legislation. (kan.de)
  • The CE mark may be applied only if the product satisfies the essential safety and performance requirements set out in the relevant EU directives, the purpose of which is to protect patients and users alike during use of the products. (kan.de)
  • The European Medical Devices Directive contains rules by which the products are assigned to three risk classes. (kan.de)
  • In these zones strict movement restrictions on poultry and poultry products apply, while specific veterinary checks are on-going. (europa.eu)
  • More information on the human health risks associated with raw animal products and by-products can be found on the Health Canada , Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association websites. (gc.ca)
  • Health Canada also has an Interim Notification Pilot Program for Low-Risk Veterinary Health Products (LRVHPs) , such as certain botanicals, vitamins, minerals and homeopathics for use in cats, dogs, and horses that are not intended for food. (gc.ca)
  • For these reasons, it is necessary to control sulfonamides in bee products as one of the guidelines of veterinary public health in order to protect final consumers and prevent the spread of resistance. (nsk.hr)
  • Housing and caretaking of the mice at the K.U.Leuven partner is in accordance with the Belgian and European laws, guidelines and policies for animal experimentation, housing and care (as documented in the most recent legislation, i.e. the Belgian Royal Decree of 6 April 2010 and European Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes of 20 October 2010). (infrafrontier.eu)
  • The European Directive and The European Convention legislation refer to a `specialist' as a veterinary surgeon or other competent person, but fail to define who the other competent person could be. (felasa.eu)
  • 7] Commission Directive 2009/8/EC of 10 February 2009 amending Annex I to Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum levels of unavoidable carry-over of coccidiostats or histomonostats in non-target feed. (europa.eu)
  • Commission Directive 2003/94/EC of October 2003 laying down the principles and guidelines of GMP in respect of medicines for human use and investigational medicines for human use. (europa.eu)
  • In addition to general data about their antibiotic use, livestock producers administering medicated feed under a Veterinary Feed Directive would submit "detailed information" about "the quantities, dosages and duration of time the medicated feeds were provided to the animals. (lexology.com)
  • Consumer movements in the EU and the US have played a major role in introducing poultry farming standards and legislation to regulate the use of antibiotics. (hindustantimes.com)
  • U.S. Reps. Henry Waxman (D-Calif.) and Louise Slaughter (D-N.Y.) recently introduced legislation ( H.R. 820 ) that would require drug manufacturers "to provide better information on the amount and use of antibiotics and other antimicrobials given to animals raised for human consumption," according to a February 26, 2013, press release. (lexology.com)
  • In the 1980s, antibiotics that were determined medically important for treatment of animals could be approved under veterinary oversight. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bill also directs the FDA to use funds collected through animal drug user fees to collect and report data on antibiotics delivered to farms, through sampling of veterinary feed directives and feed distribution reports. (umn.edu)
  • The new Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) will have an impact on how feed-grade and water-soluble antibiotics are administered to food animals nationwide. (dairyherd.com)
  • The Europe Section of the Society for Conservation Biology this week sent a letter to the new EU Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy, Vytenis P. Andriukaitis, urging the ban on the use of diclofenac for veterinary purposes in Europe. (conbio.org)
  • A key recommendation of the guidelines is the ban of the veterinary use of diclofenac as one of the most severe causes of poisoning of wild animals worldwide. (conbio.org)
  • After the ban in 2006 of the veterinary use of diclofenac in these countries, vulture population declines have slowed or stopped. (conbio.org)
  • 2014, Bird Conservation International) showed that eagles are also susceptible to veterinary diclofenac, effectively increasing the potential threat level, and the risks for European biodiversity. (conbio.org)
  • An immediate ban on veterinary Diclofenac is needed to protect our vultures from the fate of their Asian cousins, and would also send a crucial signal encouraging African countries to stop the spread of Diclofenac, which is already affecting the highly endangered populations of African vultures. (birdlife.org)
  • The International Association for Falconry and the Conservation of Birds of Prey (IAF) notes with dismay and outrage that Diclofenac ( a Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug used for the treatment of pain and inflammation ) is available for veterinary use in Member States of the European Union including Italy and Spain. (mailerlite.com)
  • We call on the Governments of the European Union and of the Member States to take urgent action on these grounds and ban the veterinary use of Diclofenac as well as removing this agent immediately from the EU market. (mailerlite.com)
  • We are a double act, which is a new experience for me, as the documents cover veterinary medicines, for which I take responsibility in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, and human medicines, for which my hon. (parliament.uk)
  • AVMA works with state and local veterinary associations to advocate for animal health, animal welfare, and the advancement of veterinary medicine. (avma.org)
  • The objectives of The Veterinary Laboratory Service are to implement Department of Agriculture and Food (DAF) policy in respect of animal health and welfare and veterinary public health. (gov.ie)
  • 1 Department of Animal Health and Welfare, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari (Italy). (alliedacademies.org)
  • The protection and welfare of animals is an area covered by a wide range of EU legislation. (infrafrontier.eu)
  • The aim of the new Directive is to strengthen legislation, and improve the welfare of those animals still needed to be used, as well as to firmly anchor the principle of the Three Rs, to Replace, Reduce and Refine the use of animals, in EU legislation. (infrafrontier.eu)
  • The first approving authority is the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna's Ethics and Animal Welfare Committee. (infrafrontier.eu)
  • Veterinary experts went on to consider, along with agricultural engineers, regulators and animal welfare groups, the contrasting plight of slaughter horses on their final journey to the abattoir. (equiworld.net)
  • As it stands, the Directive looks set to make some good contributions to animal welfare, but includes some proposals that defy belief. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • It is vital that the revised Directive is proportionate and balanced in maintaining the highest animal welfare standards whilst facilitating scientific progress. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • It is the translation of this basic knowledge that leads to improvements in both human and veterinary welfare. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • European legislation regulating animal experimentation is based on the need to balance the two important interests at stake: advancing research and protecting animal welfare. (europa.eu)
  • Both aspects of this balance were important for the revision of EU legislation that resulted in Directive 2010/63/EU, a revision for which harmonization and a level playing field across the European research area in terms of animal welfare and conditions for research were major drivers. (europa.eu)
  • This includes where the Directive introduces and gives important roles to entities that many Member States did not have (e g institutional animal-welfare bodies and the national committees) and where it relies on concepts for which there is no universal standard (e g the 3Rs). (europa.eu)
  • As regards composition of review committees, scientific and veterinary / animal welfare expertise is present in all committees, whereas there is great variation in other types of expertise. (europa.eu)
  • EEA food and veterinary legislation, which is largely harmonised with EU legislation, sets requirements for foods and food production, animal health and animal welfare. (regjeringen.no)
  • Agriculture is not part of the EEA Agreement, with the exception of legislation governing food safety, animal health and animal welfare. (regjeringen.no)
  • The USPHS Veterinary Category provides officers opportunities in public health, epidemiology, food safety, laboratory animal medicine, veterinary pathology, and regulatory compliance and oversight. (phpartners.org)
  • The Association aims to improve the prevention and control of zoonoses by promoting the scientific integration of medical, veterinary and food disciplines under the umbrella of 'One-Health. (phpartners.org)
  • Council Directives 96/22/EC and its amendments prohibit the use of substances having a hormonal action for growth promotion in food producing animals such as substances having oestrogenic, androgenic, gestagenic or thyrostatic action and beta-agonists. (fsai.ie)
  • Information about food supplements notification and legislation. (fsai.ie)
  • Is to assist the Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development in implementing its' Public Health Protection Service by ensuring an effective independent food monitoring and compliance support testing programme for the meat industry currently worth in excess of €6,350 million annually from a centre of excellence in order to comply with current single market conditions under Irish and EU Legislation. (gov.ie)
  • Animal studies, whether for the development or production of new medicines, for physiological studies, for studying environmental effects or for the testing of chemicals or new food additives, has to be carried out in compliance with EU legislation. (infrafrontier.eu)
  • Producers concerned more about profit than protecting public health are not going to cut their dependence on non-therapeutic antibiotic use in food animals unless lawmakers pass strict legislation. (civileats.com)
  • Democrats and Republicans said they reached a tentative deal on farm legislation after jettisoning controversial work requirements for food stamp recipients. (dairyherd.com)
  • Specific legislation protects consumers from exposure to potentially harmful residues of veterinary medicines, in food of animal origin (Directive 96/23). (nsk.hr)
  • Food and veterinary legislation, taken together, is often called food law. (regjeringen.no)
  • The Codex Alimentarius principles were adopted in the European Union legislation, through several directives and regulations regarding colorings, sweeteners and other food additives, and the E.U. member states have rendered the community directives in the internal law, the regulations being enforced directly. (docplayer.net)
  • The CVMA supports dangerous animal legislation by state, county, or municipal governments provided that legislation does not refer to specific breeds or classes of animals. (cvma.net)
  • The Waste Framework Directive aims to protect the environment and human health from the generation and management of waste and to improve efficient use of resources. (europa.eu)
  • Since then there have been many changes and new legislation to try to introduce better ways of producing a single process for bringing human and veterinary medicines to the European market. (pharmaceutical-journal.com)
  • Please remember, this pandemic is just as hard on veterinary staff as it is our human counterparts. (saintfrancis.org)
  • Both the Recitals and Articles of the revised Directive must recognise the major contribution made by current research in non-human primates (NHPs). (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • I welcome the opportunity to debate the Commission's complex proposals, which suggest amending the regulatory requirements for both human and veterinary medicines and introducing a directive on traditional herbal medicines. (parliament.uk)
  • Sulfonamides are widely used in human and veterinary medicine for prevention and treatment of diseases. (nsk.hr)
  • The widespread use of this drug, as a veterinary medicine, resulted in almost total devastation of the vulture populations of south-east Asia, killing some 40 million vultures . (mailerlite.com)
  • The Central Veterinary Research Laboratory and the Central Meat Control Laboratory were relocated to their present location in the Department's Agriculture Laboratories Complex on the Backweston Campus, Stacummy Lane, Celbridge, Co. Kildare during the latter part of 2006 and early 2007. (gov.ie)
  • That's why, on behalf of our member charities and the people they are there to help, we need to push the European Parliament to take a long hard look at the Directive so that research for patient benefit doesn't get tangled up in absurd, illogical piles of red tape. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • It implies that wildlife and veterinary research could somehow continue without the use of animals. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)
  • In addition, legislation is not the only mechanism which regulate how animals are used in research - internal norms and rules in different areas of science are also important. (europa.eu)
  • According to the American Veterinary Medical Association's website "the purpose of the added professional control is to reduce the rate of development of [antimicrobial] resistance and thereby prolong the period of effectiveness of the medication. (civileats.com)
  • In order to minimize the quantity of pharmaceuticals in the environment these should aim to (i) improve the existing legislation for pharmaceuticals, (ii) prioritize pharmaceuticals in the environment and (iii) improve the availability and collection of pharmaceutical data. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • 2015 marks the 50th anniversary of pharmaceutical legislation in the EU, which began with the adoption of Directive 65/65 in 1965. (europa.eu)
  • 2 Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine - University of Messina. (alliedacademies.org)
  • For veterinary practitioners it is important to estimate the changes of their patient to be parasitized in order to implement targeted parasite control schemes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Any animal feed containing a VFD drug can only be fed to animals based upon an order, called a veterinary feed directive (VFD), issued by a licensed veterinarian in the course of the veterinarian's professional practice. (federalregister.gov)
  • John McEwen has vast experience of travelling with horses as a team veterinarian and he stressed the veterinary problems of transport-induced diseases such as shipping fever, colic and transport, taking as well as the wider issue of transported horses as potential vectors for disease. (equiworld.net)
  • This commission brings together the American Society for Microbiology, the American Medical Association, the American Veterinary Medical Association, the American Public Health Association, the Association of Academic Health Centers, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, and the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies cooperating across disciplines to achieve optimal health for people, domestic animals and wildlife. (phpartners.org)
  • In 2015, the FDA issued the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) final rule, under which veterinarians must authorize the use of antimicrobials within feed for the animals they serve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1986, the EU has had in place specific legislation covering the use of animals for scientific purposes. (infrafrontier.eu)
  • On 22 September 2010 the EU adopted Directive 2010/63/EU which updates and replaces the 1986 Directive 86/609/EEC on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes. (infrafrontier.eu)
  • This legislation should be directed at fostering safety and protection of the general public from animals classified as dangerous. (cvma.net)
  • The provisions of the Council of Europe for raising animals for fur , the European Convention for the Protection of Animals Kept for Farming Purposes, have not been applied in the EU, including Croatia, although the European Commission clearly states that the Convention's provisions constitute a part of the EU legislation. (prijatelji-zivotinja.hr)
  • Furthermore, we call on Veterinary bodies and organizations, including the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe, to alert their membership and all who may be responsible for the treatment of animals. (mailerlite.com)
  • For each area, there are directives providing the provisions for national legislators and will be interpreted in documents as mentioned in Fig.1. (cleanroomtechnology.com)
  • Pan American Center for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PANAFTOSA) - Pan American Health Organization (Brazil) PANAFTOSA houses the Virtual Library in Veterinary Public Health (http://bvs.panaftosa.org.br/index.php?lang=en) and several information systems: the Epidemiological Information System SIEPI, the Epidemiological Surveillance System for Rabies in the Americas SIRVERA, and the Continental Epidemiological Surveillance System SIVCONT (production and training). (phpartners.org)
  • Community Reference Laboratories" (CRLs) with scientific and technical expertise within the areas of animal health, public health and zootechnics have been designated in different Community Decisions, Directives and Regulations. (normandata.eu)
  • Historically the Veterinary Laboratory Service (VLS) can trace its origins to 1896 when the first Laboratory was established in Hoey's Court near Dublin Castle, where it was responsible for ensuring the implementation of uniform standards for the diagnosis of Swine Fever and thus hasten its eradication. (gov.ie)
  • Recently passed federal legislation will improve national animal disease detection and response capabilities. (avma.org)
  • Tests samples collected for disease surveillance or trade purposes as required under various EU directives or national legislation. (gov.ie)
  • National Pork Board President Terry O'Neel responded confidently, "While some of our detractors may think it's only legislation or new rules that move us to act, we know differently. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Throughout the EU, the EU GMP Guide with its 19 annexes are valid as the detailed interpretation of the principles of good manufacturing practice defined in the Directives (e.g. (cleanroomtechnology.com)
  • Whereas legislation and technical harmonization are essential, there are important aspects where the Directive only give very general indications, allowing very different solutions in practice. (europa.eu)
  • This module discusses what sort of information owners need, what is required by law, what is available, and how it can be provided in the veterinary practice. (veterinaryprescriber.org)
  • This guideline does not contain any new legislation or requirements but consolidates all current requirements into a single document, to assist applicants when selecting a product name. (sam.ee)
  • To enact breed-specific legislation - such as spay and neuter requirements for "pit bull"-type dogs - will simply push irresponsible dog owners toward other breeds. (cvma.net)
  • The standards are listed in the Official Journal of the EU 7 and give rise to a presumption of conformity with the requirements of the directive that they support. (kan.de)
  • The Brucellosis Laboratory in Cork and six stand alone multidisciplinary Regional Veterinary Laboratories located in Athlone, Cork, Dublin, Kilkenny, Limerick and Sligo. (gov.ie)
  • Within the framework of Council Decision N° 90/424/EEC on expenditure in the veterinary field of 26 June 1990, these laboratories may receive a Community financial aid for fulfilling tasks and functions specified in legislation. (normandata.eu)
  • In Europe it is the Directive 89/107/feec (1989) which not only classifies additives according to their purpose (such as preservative, acidulous or emulsifier) but also lays down guidelines and limitations for their use across various categories of foodstuffs. (hubpages.com)
  • It is tragic and ironic that this investment is now in jeopardy through the use of a veterinary medicine which is well documented as being the cause of the virtual extinction of vulture populations elsewhere. (mailerlite.com)
  • Veterinary prescription mandates are bad for veterinarians, and bad for our patients. (avma.org)
  • However, persons having direct contact with diseased chickens (farmers, veterinarians, etc.) should use appropriate personal protective equipment as foreseen by EU legislation. (europa.eu)
  • Exhaustion and stress have become commonplace as veterinary practices adapt to the new normal. (saintfrancis.org)
  • The original Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD) 2011/62/EU was published on 1st July 2011 by the Council and Parliament of the European Union and contained measures aimed at improving the safety and security of medicine supply in Europe. (abpi.org.uk)
  • Even more exasperating, is that it appears that the FDA may actually relax a current directive that already regulates antibiotic use. (civileats.com)
  • Therefore, if an additive appears in this or other countries' positive legislation, it may be assumed to have undergone appropriate toxicological testing and be deemed, by advisory committee of experts, to be safe. (hubpages.com)
  • The European Parliament Agriculture committee is due to vote on the draft Directive on Tuesday 31 March. (understandinganimalresearch.org.uk)