Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Depressive Disorder, Major
Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
Age of Onset
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Borderline Personality Disorder
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Severity of Illness Index
Analysis of Variance
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Community Mental Health Centers
Genome-Wide Association Study
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Measurable biological (physiological, biochemical, and anatomical features), behavioral (psychometric pattern) or cognitive markers that are found more often in individuals with a disease than in the general population. Because many endophenotypes are present before the disease onset and in individuals with heritable risk for disease such as unaffected family members, they can be used to help diagnose and search for causative genes.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day more days than not for at least 2 years. The required minimum duration in children to make this diagnosis is 1 year. During periods of depressed mood, at least 2 of the following additional symptoms are present: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self esteem, poor concentration or difficulty making decisions, and feelings of hopelessness. (DSM-IV)
Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A set of forebrain structures common to all mammals that is defined functionally and anatomically. It is implicated in the higher integration of visceral, olfactory, and somatic information as well as homeostatic responses including fundamental survival behaviors (feeding, mating, emotion). For most authors, it includes the AMYGDALA; EPITHALAMUS; GYRUS CINGULI; hippocampal formation (see HIPPOCAMPUS); HYPOTHALAMUS; PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS; SEPTAL NUCLEI; anterior nuclear group of thalamus, and portions of the basal ganglia. (Parent, Carpenter's Human Neuroanatomy, 9th ed, p744; NeuroNames, http://rprcsgi.rprc.washington.edu/neuronames/index.html (September 2, 1998)).
Impulse Control Disorders
Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
Social Behavior Disorders
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Early Medical Intervention
Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)
A subfield of psychiatry that emphasizes the somatic substructure on which mental operations and emotions are based, and the functional or organic disturbances of the central nervous system that give rise to, contribute to, or are associated with mental and emotional disorders. (From Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Reproducibility of Results
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Life Change Events
A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.
Nerve Fibers, Myelinated
A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Substantial dysregulation of GAD mRNA expression, coupled with downregulation of ... is observed in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The most pronounced downregulation of GAD67 was found in hippocampal ... Cerebellar disorders. Intracerebellar administration of GAD autoantibodies to animals increases the excitability of ... Other Anti-GAD-associated neurologic disorders. Antibodies directed against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) are ...
Bipolar disorder. Main article: Bipolar disorder. Bipolar I disorder can lead to severe affective dysregulation, or mood ... A relationship has been claimed between the age of onset of bipolar disorder and the occurrence of GDs. According to Carlson et ... 2000). "Suicidal behavior in bipolar mood disorder: clinical characteristics of attempters and nonattempters". Journal of ... including two-thirds of patients in manic state of bipolar disorder, half of those with schizophrenia, patients with the ...
Bipolar disorder. Gratification is a major issue in bipolar disorder. One sign of the onset of depression is a spreading ... Welton, Welton; David, Koenig; Harold (2014). The Treatment of Bipolar Disorder in Pastoral Counseling: Community and Silence. ...
Bipolar disorder. Lamotrigine is approved in the US for maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder and bipolar II ... schizoaffective disorder, borderline personality disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.[needs update] ... In bipolar disorder, it is used to treat acute episodes of depression, rapid cycling in bipolar type II, and prevent recurrence ... "Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Bipolar Disorder Second Edition. American Psychiatric Association. ...
Hot and cold cognition
"Hot and cold cognition in unmedicated depressed subjects with bipolar disorder". Bipolar Disorders. 11 (2): 178-189. doi: ... those diagnosed with bipolar disorder exaggerated their perception of negative feedback and were less likely to adjust their ... There are also clinical implications for understanding certain disorders. Patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa went through ...
Nerve growth factor
... bipolar disorder, and Alzheimer's disease. Stress and/or anxiety are usually a precipitating factor in these disorders and ... "Bipolar Disorders. 11 Suppl 2: 92-109. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5618.2009.00714.x. PMC 2800957. PMID 19538689.. ... This decreased NGF may serve as a biological marker when assessing a person's present bipolar disorder state. When treated ... NGF has been found to be decreased overall in people with bipolar disorder. More specifically, while in a manic state NGF is ...
Major depressive disorder, enuresis. Trileptal (oxcarbazepine). Epilepsy, bipolar disorder. 690 (US only). 2007. Teva ... Acute pain, inflammatory disorders (such as rheumatoid arthritis). 759 (excl. OTC). 2012. −4%. ... Lucentis has been approved worldwide as a treatment for wet macular degeneration and other retinal disorders; Avastin is used ... a drug to treat a growth hormone disorder; and Zelnorm, a drug for irritable bowel syndrome. In September, 2010, Novartis ...
Bipolar Disorders. 16 (2): 129-136. doi:10.1111/bdi.12123. PMID 24102676. S2CID 19393503. Flegr, J.; Preiss, M.; Klose, J.; ...
Bipolar Disorders, and the Journal of Affective Disorders. He was nominated as the official advisor on mood disorders research ... Guidelines for the Biological Treatment of Bipolar Disorders: Update 2012 on the long-term treatment of bipolar disorder" (PDF ... where he heads the Bipolar Disorders Program, a worldwide leader in the clinical care, research and teaching of bipolar ... "Bipolar Disorder". www. cibersam.es. Archived from the original on June 1, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
Period 2 element
They are used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, where they have a role in treating depression and mania and may reduce the ... P. B. Mitchell; D. Hadzi-Pavlovic (2000). "Lithium treatment for bipolar disorder" (PDF). Bulletin of the World Health ... Bipolar Disorders. 8 (5 Pt 2): 625-39. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5618.2006.00344.x. PMID 17042835. Beryllium at WebElements. Standards ...
2003). "Ziprasidone-associated mania: a case series and review of the mechanism". Bipolar Disorders. 5 (1): 72-75. doi:10.1034/ ... Nicolson, SE; Nemeroff, CB (December 2007). "Ziprasidone in the treatment of mania in bipolar disorder". Neuropsychiatr Dis ... 2007). "Risk of Diabetes Mellitus Associated with Atypical Antipsychotic Use Among Medicaid Patients with Bipolar Disorder: A ... is an atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It may be used by mouth and by injection into a ...
... salts have proven to be useful as a mood-stabilizing drug in the treatment of bipolar disorder in humans. Like the ... Lithium is useful in the treatment of bipolar disorder. Lithium salts may also be helpful for related diagnoses, such as ... Shorter, Edward (June 2009). "The history of lithium therapy". Bipolar Disorders. 11 (Suppl 2): 4-9. doi:10.1111/j.1399- ... schizoaffective disorder and cyclic major depression. The active part of these salts is the lithium ion Li+. They may increase ...
"Assessing oxidative pathway genes as risk factors for bipolar disorder". Bipolar Disorders. 12 (5): 550-6. doi:10.1111/j.1399- ...
Specifically it is effective at lowering the risk of suicide in those with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. ... Bipolar Disorders. 19 (7): 575-586. doi:10.1111/bdi.12543. PMID 28895269. S2CID 39221887. Coppen A (2000). "Lithium in unipolar ... or substance abuse disorder Certain medical conditions Chronic pain A prior suicide attempt Family history of a mental disorder ... Chuang L., Mental Disorders Secondary to General Medical Conditions; Medscape;2011  Archived October 19, 2011, at the ...
Barbini, B (2005). "Dark Therapy for Mania: a pilot study". Bipolar Disorders. 7 (1): 98-101. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5618.2004. ... Phelps, James (2008-01-01). "Dark therapy for bipolar disorder using amber lenses for blue light blockade". Medical Hypotheses ... "Dark therapy for bipolar disorder using amber lenses for blue light blockade". Medical Hypotheses. 70 (2): 224-229. doi:10.1016 ... Bipolar Disorders. 18 (3): 221-232. doi:10.1111/bdi.12390. PMC 5089565. PMID 27226262. Franke, L.; Sülflow, D.; Stark, K.; ...
Shorter, Edward (1 June 2009). "The history of lithium therapy". Bipolar Disorders. 11 Suppl 2: 4-9. doi:10.1111/j.1399- ... ECT is still used in the West in the 21st century, but it is seen as a last resort for treatment of mood disorders and is ... It came to be viewed as a disorder that required compassionate treatment that would aid in the rehabilitation of the victim. ... Rothman, D.J. (1990). The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic. Boston: Little Brown, p. 239 ...
Emotion in animals
Malhi, Gin S; Baune, Berhard T; Porter, Richard J (December 2015). "Re-Cognizing mood disorders". Bipolar Disorders. 17: 1-2. ... To treat these disorders, scientists have developed a range of psychoactive drugs such as anxiolytics. Many of these drugs are ... Humans can suffer from a range of emotional or mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, fear and panic. ... As a consequence, laboratory mice sometimes develop abnormal behaviours indicative of emotional disorders such as depression ...
"Longitudinal differences in white matter integrity in youth at high familial risk for bipolar disorder". Bipolar Disorders. 19 ... Bipolar disorders, 2017 19 (3), 158-167 Cognitive biases predict symptoms of depression, anxiety and wellbeing above and beyond ... 91-100 Longitudinal differences in white matter integrity in youth at high familial risk for bipolar disorder.R Ganzola et al ... Her main focus of research is on the mechanisms underlying the development of major psychiatric disorders using the latest ...
Rob Horne (professor)
2009). "Understanding medication non-adherence in bipolar disorders using a Necessity-Concerns Framework". J Affect Disord. 116 ... bipolar disorder; rheumatoid arthritis; inflammatory bowel disease and also for newly prescribed medications in primary care. ...
... bipolar disorder in the manic and mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder and depressive episodes of both bipolar I and bipolar II ... bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, dementia, and some autism spectrum disorders. Dopamine is now ... schizoaffective disorder, involving symptoms of both schizophrenia and mood disorders brief psychotic disorder, or acute/ ... posttraumatic stress disorder induced delusional disorder Sometimes in obsessive-compulsive disorder Juvenile‐onset affective ...
General Behavior Inventory
EffectiveChildTherapy.Org page on bipolar disorder symptoms Bipolar disorder symptoms and treatment. ... "The use of the GBI as predictor of bipolar disorder in a population of adolescent offspring of parents with a bipolar disorder ... "Comparing diagnostic checklists for pediatric bipolar disorder in academic and community mental health settings". Bipolar ... It is recommended to be used as part of an assessment battery in the diagnosis of juvenile bipolar disorder. The GBI is free ...
ECT in bipolar versus unipolar depression". Bipolar Disorders. 14 (2): 146-150. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5618.2012.00997.x. PMID ... and people suffering treatment-resistant major depressive disorder. It is found to be effective for half of those who receive ... "Efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy in bipolar versus unipolar major depression: a meta-analysis: ...
Vasopressin receptor 1A
Bipolar Disorders. 7 (6): 610-6. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5618.2005.00259.x. PMID 16403186. Bachner-Melman R, Dina C, Zohar AH, ... V1a receptor microsatellites related to hypersexuality in children with a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder ...
Glossary of medicine
Bipolar disorder - is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood Birth control ... ISBN 978-1-4398-8414-0. Anderson, IM; Haddad, PM; Scott, J (2012). "Bipolar disorder". BMJ. 345: e8508. doi:10.1136/bmj.e8508. ... Zellweger spectrum disorders - are a group of rare disorders that create the same disease process. The subdivisions of this ... Binge eating disorder - (BED), is an eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with ...
Gitlin M, Frye MA (May 2012). "Maintenance therapies in bipolar disorders". Bipolar Disorders. 14 Suppl 2: 51-65. doi:10.1111/j ... It is primarily used in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Other uses include as an add-on treatment in major ... "Bipolar disorder: assessment and management". Recommendations; Guidance and guidelines. UK National Institute for Health and ... Aripiprazole is effective for the treatment of acute manic episodes of bipolar disorder in adults, children, and adolescents. ...
Brodmann area 9
September 2005). "Cingulate cortex anatomical abnormalities in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder". The American ... Bipolar Disorders. 12 (8): 866-74. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5618.2010.00881.x. PMID 21176034. Farrow TF, Zheng Y, Wilkinson ID, et al ... and displays lower levels of energy consumption in individuals suffering from bipolar disorder. The area found on the left ... "Prefrontal and paralimbic metabolic dysregulation related to sustained attention in euthymic older adults with bipolar disorder ...
Studies have shown that antidepressant-induced mania can occur in 20-40% of people with bipolar disorder. For bipolar ... Goldberg JF, Truman CJ (2003). "Antidepressant-induced mania: An overview of current controversies". Bipolar Disorders. 5 (6): ... 2009). "Revisiting the Effectiveness of Standard Antidepressants in Bipolar Disorder: Are Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors Superior ... Panic disorder is relatively treated well with medications compared with other disorders, several classes of antidepressants ...
Gitlin, Michael; Frye, Mark A (2012-05-01). "Maintenance therapies in bipolar disorders". Bipolar Disorders. 14: 51-65. doi: ... Oxcarbazepine, sold under the brand name Trileptal among others, is a medication used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder. ... Research has investigated the use of oxcarbazepine as a mood stabilizer in bipolar disorder, with further evidence needed to ... "Oxcarbazepine in bipolar disorder: a critical review of the literature". Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy. 8 (5): 649-56. doi: ...
October 2005). "Zotepine loading in acute and severely manic patients: a pilot study". Bipolar Disorders. 7 (5): 471-6. doi: ... into its efficacy as an antimanic agent in patients with acute bipolar mania. In a 2013 study in a comparison of 15 ...
Quantitative trait locus
Bipolar disorder. *Schizophrenia. *Psoriasis. *Thyroid diseases. *Alzheimer's Disease. Multifactorially inherited diseases are ... Many disorders with genetic components are polygenic, including autism, cancer, diabetes and numerous others. Most phenotypic ... said to constitute the majority of genetic disorders affecting humans which will result in hospitalization or special care of ...
One may treat underlying causes such as depression or bipolar disorder as well as the dysphoric symptoms themselves. ... Personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, and antisocial personality ... Dissociative disorders such as dissociative identity disorder, dissociative amnesia, and depersonalization disorder. ... "gender identity disorder", making it clear that they no longer consider the gender identity to be disordered, but rather the ...
Wikipedia talk:Manual of Style
She is introduced as being "unstable" due to bipolar disorder. Nix explains that there is "some awareness" that Polaris is the ... She is introduced as being "unstable" due to bipolar disorder. Nix explained that, within the series, there is "some awareness ...
... which has been misdiagnosed as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Panic attacks and anxiety can occur; also, delusional ... Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA) is a chronic skin disorder observed primarily in Europe among the elderly. ACA ... where physician Alfred Buchwald described a man who had suffered for 16 years with a degenerative skin disorder now known as ... Researchers are investigating if this neurohormone secretion is the cause of neuropsychiatric disorders developing in some ...
Lithium carbonate is used as a mood stabiliser in psychiatry to treat bipolar disorder (manic-depression) in daily doses of ... which is dangerous as the required dosage of lithium to treat bipolar disorder is only slightly lower than the toxic dosage.[ ...
... used to manage epilepsy and bipolar disorder), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (used to treat major ... Sleep disorder where breathing starts/stops, a lot of times the person will snore. More common. Less common. Progressive. CPAP ... Coffin-Lowry syndrome is a genetic disorder that is X-linked dominant and which causes severe mental problems sometimes ... A condition is considered X-linked if the gene that causes the disorder is located on the X chromosome (one of the two sex ...
It has been associated with autism, as well as linked in studies to schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. These particular ... "National Organization for Rare Disorders. 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2016.. *^ Garland, Theodore; Morgan, Martin T.; Swallow, ... "Pleiotropy of psychiatric disorders will reinvent DSM". www.mdedge.com. Retrieved 2016-11-13.. ... Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant disorder which affects 1 in 5-10,000 people. MFS arises from a mutation in ...
This perceptual disorder arises when there is an abnormally increased signal at any point between the olfactory receptors and ... These receptors are bipolar neurons that connect to the glomerular layer of the olfactory bulb, traveling through the ...
Bipolar disorder (although it seems less likely than imipramine to cause a manic switch) ... Panic disorder. Moclobemide is useful in the treatment and management of panic disorder. Panic disorder is mentioned as an ... Bipolar depression. While not generally recommended as a monotherapy for bipolar depression (as with all antidepressants) in ... Tiller JW, Bouwer C, Behnke K (October 1997). "Moclobemide for anxiety disorders: a focus on moclobemide for panic disorder". ...
Mood stabilizer - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Among the disorders commonly treated are bipolar disorder and Borderline personality disorder. With these conditions, the mood ... A mood stabilizer is a psychiatric medication used to treat mood disorders characterized by fast and unstable mood changes. ...
... including anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, insomnia, posttraumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, ADHD, ... In post-traumatic stress disorder there appears to be lower-than-normal cortisol release, and it is thought that a blunted ... The HPA axis is involved in the neurobiology of mood disorders and functional illnesses, ... major depressive disorder, burnout, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, and alcoholism. ...
உளப் பிறழ்ச்சி - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
... depressive and bipolar II disorders: Evidence that they lie on a dimensional spectrum". Journal of Affective Disorders 92 (1): ... "Prevention of Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Problem Behaviors: A Developmental Perspective. National Academies Press. ... 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Mental disorders" (October 2014). மூல முகவரியிலிருந்து 18 May 2015 அன்று பரணிடப்பட்டது. பார்த்த நாள் 13 May 2015. ... "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ). American Psychiatric Publishing. doi:10.1176/appi.books. ...
"The bipolar disorder risk allele at CACNA1C also confers risk of recurrent major depression and of schizophrenia". Molecular ... "Collaborative genome-wide association analysis supports a role for ANK3 and CACNA1C in bipolar disorder". Nature Genetics. 40 ( ... "Effects of the CACNA1C risk allele for bipolar disorder on cerebral gray matter volume in healthy individuals". The American ... Large-scale genetic analyses have shown the possibility that CACNA1C is associated with bipolar disorder  and subsequently ...
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
... bipolar disorder, and major depression. Swartz Center for the Neural Mechanisms of Cognition studies cognition in the normal ... Watson initiated a major push to scale-up CSHL research on the brain and psychiatric disorders, beginning in the late 1980s. In ... brain as a baseline for understanding dysfunction in psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Other research foci: autism ...
Journal of Affective Disorders, 1999.. *Murray. "The Impact of Postnatal Depression on Infant Development." Journal of Child ... Dette er allment funnet hos kvinner som har familier med en historie med psykiske lidelser som bipolar lidelse, schizofreni og ... Stone & Menken (2008) Perinatal and Postpartum Mood Disorders: Perspectives and Treatment Guide for the Healthcare Practitioner ...
... such as bipolar disorder, attention deficit disorder, drug abuse, alienation, and deprivation caused by mass media. The ... The song's lyrics deal with two common neurobehavioural developmental disorders for teenagers in the 21st Century: bipolar ...
ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders
Bipolar affective disorder *(F31.0) Bipolar affective disorder, current episode hypomanic. *(F31.1) Bipolar affective disorder ... F31.2) Bipolar affective disorder, current episode manic with psychotic symptoms. *(F31.3) Bipolar affective disorder, current ... Bipolar affective disorder, current episode severe depression without psychotic symptoms. *(F31.5) Bipolar affective disorder, ... F25) Schizoaffective disorders *(F25.0) Schizoaffective disorder, manic type. *(F25.1) Schizoaffective disorder, depressive ...
Schizophrenia - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the spring of 2013, genetics associations were shown between five major psychiatric disorders: autism, ADHD, bipolar ... Green MF (2006). "Cognitive impairment and functional outcome in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder". Journal of Clinical ... Schizophrenia occurs along with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a disorder in which a person becomes obsessed with certain ... Berrios G.E.; Porter, Roy (1995). A history of clinical psychiatry: the origin and history of psychiatric disorders. London: ...
... bipolar disorder, anxiety, psychosis and suicide risks". World Journal of Psychiatry. 5 (2): 222-7. doi:10.5498/wjp.v5.i2.222. ... Reproductive system and breast disorders *Sexual dysfunction, including erectile dysfunction and decreased libido ... There have also been reports of spermatogenesis disorders, such as oligospermia. 27 cases of sexual dysfunction report either ... European Medicines Agency issued a warning on a possible risk of neuropsychiatric disorders (such as depression, anxiety and ...
... who contributed much to our understanding of bipolar disorder and folie à deux. ... Although Charcot insisted that hysteria could be a male disorder, he is popularly remembered for his demonstrations with Louise ...
Bipolar disorder *Bipolar I. *Bipolar II. *Cyclothymia. *Bipolar NOS. *Depression *Major depressive disorder ... A spinal cord injury or chronic fatigue syndrome might also occasionally cause this disorder. Age may also be a cause of ... Sexual anhedonia, also known as pleasure dissociative orgasmic disorder, is a condition in which an individual cannot feel ... It is thought that people who suffer from this disorder, suffer from a dysfunction in the release of the chemical dopamine in ...
They often occur with other mental disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, eating disorders, major depressive disorder, or ... Anxiety disordersEdit. Main article: Anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by ... Anxiety disorders often occur with other mental disorders, particularly major depressive disorder, personality disorder, and ... social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and selective mutism. The disorder differs ...
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).. *Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). *Bipolar disorder. *Substance use ... avoidant personality disorder or painful shyness. Other stress-related disorders like panic disorder, depression or PTSD ... Personality disorder and codependent pairing *Borderline personality disorder - there is a tendency for loved ones of people ... Dependent personality disorder. Dependent personality disorder is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of ...
Silver Linings Playbook
Cooper plays Patrick "Pat" Solitano Jr., a man with bipolar disorder who is released from a psychiatric hospital and moves back ... After eight months' treatment in a mental health facility for bipolar disorder, Patrizio "Pat" Solitano Jr. (Bradley Cooper) is ... Russell was drawn to the story because of the family relationships and the connection he felt to his own son, who has bipolar ... a young widow with an unnamed disorder. They connect over dinner talking about different drugs they have taken to manage their ...
Narcissistic personality disorder
... such as major depressive disorder, substance use disorders, bipolar disorder, or eating disorders, or at the insistence of ... NPD is associated with bipolar disorder, anorexia, and substance use disorders, especially cocaine. As far as other ... Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder with a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized ... Sperry, Lynn (1999), Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Cognitive Behavior Therapy of DSM-IV Personality Disorders: Highly ...
Epigenetics of neurodegenerative diseases
"Epigenetic modifications in frontal cortex from Alzheimer's disease and bipolar disorder patients". primary. Translational ... Neurodegenerative diseases are a heterogenous group of complex disorders linked by the degeneration of neurons in either the ... Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited disorder that causes progressive degeneration of neurons within the cerebral cortex ... Symptoms are most noticeably manifested in disorders of movement, including shaking, rigidity, deficits in making controlled ...
List of phobias
... anxiety disorders, and avoidant personality disorder. Terms should strictly have a Greek prefix although many are irregularly ... Specialists may prefer to avoid the suffix -phobia and use more descriptive terms such as personality disorders, ... Dysmorphophobia, body dysmorphic disorder - a phobic obsession with a real or imaginary body defect ... or disabling fear as a mental disorder (e.g. agoraphobia), in chemistry to describe chemical aversions (e.g. hydrophobic), in ...
Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency
... valproate has been used for the treatment of generalized and partial seizures in humans for both epilepsy and bipolar disorder ... Being a recessive disorder, the disease can only be inherited from both parents since the disorder can only occur when a person ... The GABAB receptor has been found to be the most important of the three receptors for this disorder as it is vital in both GABA ... Detection of the disorder is possible with an organic acid analysis of the urine. Patients with SSADH deficiency will excrete ...
Lithium, a medication commonly used to treat bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorders, can cause nephrogenic diabetes ...
Bipolar Disorder Market - Global Industry Analysis, Share and Forecast 2017 - 2025
... by increase in awareness about diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder and unmet needs in the treatment of the disorder. ... Based on types of bipolar disorder, the market is classified into bipolar I disorder, which is mania or mixed episode; bipolar ... The global bipolar disorder market is segmented based on types of bipolar disorder, drug class, mechanism of action, and ... Increase in awareness about diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder and unmet needs in the treatment of the disorder are ...
Bipolar disorder - Wikipedia
Bipolar spectrum disorders includes: bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymic disorder and cases where subthreshold ... Bipolar disorder. Synonyms. Bipolar affective disorder, bipolar illness, manic depression, manic depressive disorder, manic- ... List of people with bipolar disorder, Category:Books about bipolar disorder, and Category:Films about bipolar disorder ... "Pediatric Bipolar Affective Disorder". 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Leibenluft E, ...
Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders that affect the way a persons brain ... Bipolar Disorder. Resources. Please Note: By clicking a link to any resource listed on this page, you will be leaving this site ... Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance. http://www.dbsalliance.org The mission of this group is to educate patients, families ... Child & Adolescent Bipolar Foundation. http://www.bpkids.org This organization offers information, resources, and a community ...
Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders that affect the way a persons brain ... Trastorno bipolar. What Is Bipolar Disorder?. Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive ... manic-depressive disorder, manic-depressive illness, bipolar mood disorder, and bipolar affective disorder are medical terms ... What Causes Bipolar Disorder?. Doctors and scientists dont know the exact cause of bipolar disorder, but they think that ...
Bipolar disorder - NHS
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one ... Read more about bipolar disorder in pregnancy.. What causes bipolar disorder?. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, ... Find out more about living with bipolar disorder.. Bipolar disorder and pregnancy. Bipolar disorder, like all other mental ... Bipolar disorder and driving. If you have bipolar disorder, the condition may impair your driving. You must inform the Driver ...
Bipolar Disorder: MedlinePlus
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that can cause intense mood swings. Its also called manic depression. Learn about the ... What are the types of bipolar disorder?. There are three main types of bipolar disorder:. *Bipolar I disorder involves manic ... What is bipolar disorder?. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that can cause intense mood swings:. *Sometimes you may feel ... Bipolar Disorder (National Institute of Mental Health) Also in Spanish * Types of Bipolar Disorder (National Institute of ...
Bipolar disorder in children - Wikipedia
Bipolar disorder in children, or pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), is a mental disorder in children and adolescents that, like ... International Society for Bipolar Disorders Task Force report on current knowledge in pediatric bipolar disorder and future ... National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (2006). Bipolar Disorder: The Management of Bipolar Disorder in Adults, ... guidelines on bipolar disorder in 2006 described the broadened criteria used in the US to diagnose bipolar disorder in children ...
Bipolar Disorder on Behance
Bipolar disorder: MedlinePlus Genetics
Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that causes extreme shifts in mood, energy, and behavior. Explore symptoms, ... medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/bipolar-disorder/ Bipolar disorder. ... Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that causes extreme shifts in mood, energy, and behavior. This disorder most ... Bipolar disorder is classified into several types based on the mood changes that occur. Bipolar I involves manic episodes, ...
What is bipolar disorder?
... bipolar disorder causes swings in mood, energy, and the ability to function throughout the day. its known for alternating ... What is bipolar disorder?. ANSWER Also known as manic depression, bipolar disorder causes swings in mood, energy, and the ... Are borderline personality and bipolar disorder the same thing?. NEXT QUESTION: What are the symptoms of bipoloar disorder ...
It is also called bipolar disease or manic depression. ... Bipolar disorder is a mental illness marked by extreme shifts ... Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder. Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder causes faster changes in mood than other types of bipolar ... Anxiety disorders are a commonly associated with bipolar disorder. A large number of people with bipolar disorder... READ MORE ... Bipolar and Borderline Personality Disorder Many of the symptoms of bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder ...
Re: Bipolar disorder | The BMJ
Re: Bipolar disorder. Anderson and colleagues  state "Bipolar 1 disorder has a heritability of 0.75 explained largely by ... 1. Anderson IA, Haddad PM, Scott J. Bipolar disorder. BMJ 2013;346: 27 - 32.. 2. Ferreira MAR, Meng YA, Jones IR et al. ... The genetic basis of both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia is likely to be explained by the synergistic interaction of a ... The largest genome wide association study (GWAS) of bipolar disorder with 4387 cases and 6209 controls revealed an odds ...
Shedding Light on Bipolar Disorder
Igor Galynker, director of the Family Center for Bipolar ... that actress Catherine Zeta-Jones has sought help for Bipolar ... II Disorder, many are eager to know more about the condition. Dr. ... Shedding Light on Bipolar Disorder. Amid news that actress Catherine Zeta-Jones has sought help for Bipolar II Disorder, many ... director of the Family Center for Bipolar Disorder at Beth Israel Medical Center in New York City, sheds light on the disorder ...
bipolar disorder meningitis - PubMed - NCBI
"bipolar disorder"[MeSH Terms] OR ("bipolar"[All Fields] AND "disorder"[All Fields]) OR "bipolar disorder"[All Fields]) AND (" ... Exacerbations of bipolar disorder triggered by chloroquine in systemic lupus erythematosus--a case report. Bogaczewicz J et al ... Malignant catatonia secondary to viral meningoencephalitis in a young man with bipolar disorder. Saini SM et al. Asia Pac ... Exacerbations of bipolar disorder triggered by chloroquine in systemic lupus erythematosus--a case report. ...
Substance Abuse and Bipolar Disorder
... and treatment of co-occurring bipolar and substance-use disorders, highlighting areas in need of further exploration. ... Bipolar Disorder and Substance Abuse. There is a growing body of literature exploring the interface between bipolar disorder ... Of note, the course of bipolar disorder in patients with comorbid alcohol use disorders has been shown to differ depending on ... Another explanation for the high occurrence of SUDs in bipolar patients is that some of the characteristics of bipolar disorder ...
Bipolar Disorder - Posts
Treatments and Tools for Bipolar Disorder. Find Bipolar Disorder information, treatments for Bipolar Disorder and Bipolar ... MedHelps Bipolar Disorder Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... I strongly believe my mother has Borderline Personality Disorder or Bipolar Disorder/Depres... ... I have never been on medication for Bipolar Disorder. I am wondering about what the pros an... ...
Bipolar Disorder Articles
We are currently looking for an Official SelfGrowth.com Guide to "Bipolar Disorder". If you have expertise in Bipolar Disorder ... The manic phase of Bipolar I Disorder is often misdiagnosed as Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD). Bipolar patients in the ... Bipolar disorder, previously known as "manic depressive disorder", affects approximately one out of every hundred people, ... Bipolar is a chronic disorder that causes extreme shifts in the mood of a person. It also effects the ability to think clearly ...
Bipolar Disorder Articles
We are currently looking for an Official SelfGrowth.com Guide to "Bipolar Disorder". If you have expertise in Bipolar Disorder ... The manic phase of Bipolar I Disorder is often misdiagnosed as Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD). Bipolar patients in the ... Bipolar disorder, previously known as "manic depressive disorder", affects approximately one out of every hundred people, ... Psychosis and Bipolar Disorder 2 I just rose out of a crying moment where I was hearing, seeing and feeling that I will never ...
Bipolar Disorder Store
Madness: A Bipolar Life An astonishing dispatch from inside the belly of bipolar disorder, reflecting major new insights ... Loving Someone with Bipolar Disorder The goal of the book is to help couples create a relationship that is based on support and ... The Bipolar Disorder Survival Guide This empowering book is designed to help put you--not your illness--back in charge of your ... Bipolar Disorder for Dummies Gives you the latest information and self-help strategies you and your loved ones need to help ...
Some conditions misdiagnosed as bipolar disorder - Reuters
Now new findings shed light on which disorders many of these patients actually have. ... Reuters Health) - A study published last year suggested that bipolar disorder may be over diagnosed in people seeking mental ... These included antisocial personality disorder and impulse-control disorder. Over diagnosis of bipolar disorder is concerning, ... Bipolar disorder shares certain characteristics with some other psychiatric conditions. Borderline personality disorder, for ...
Bipolar disorder: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that causes mood shifts and extreme alterations in energy and activity levels, ... What is bipolar disorder?. Bipolar disorder involves many mixed emotions.. The main symptoms of bipolar disorder are ... www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/bipolar-disorders/what-are-bipolar-disorders Recognizing the signs of bipolar disorder. (n ... Fast facts on bipolar disorder Here are some key points about bipolar disorder. More detail is in the main article. ...
Bipolar Disorder Causes, Treatment, Medications & Symptoms
Read about bipolar disorder treatment, medications, and causes of this mental illness. ... Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, causes symptoms of mania and depression. ... Bipolar Disorder Quiz. Who is at risk for developing bipolar disorder? Are you? Take this Bipolar Disorder Quiz to learn more ... Is it possible to prevent bipolar disorder?. *Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder, bipolar disorder ...
Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
Get the facts from WebMD about bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, including symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and ... Mayo Clinic: "Bipolar Disorder," "Bipolar Disorder and Alcoholism: Are They Related?," "Bipolar Disorder In Children: Is It ... and obsessive-compulsive disorder.. Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis. If you or someone you know has symptoms of bipolar disorder, ... What Is Bipolar Disorder?. Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental illness that brings severe high and ...
Bipolar Disorder groups in Eugene - Meetup
Find local Bipolar Disorder groups in Eugene, Oregon and meet people who share your interests. Join a group and attend online ... Bipolar Disorder groups in Eugene Heres a look at some Bipolar Disorder groups near Eugene. Join Meetup ... Depression Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) of Lane County Depression Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) of Lane County 1,100 ...
Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Signs, Causes & Treatment
... and signs of bipolar disorder and the medications used in treatment. Common symptoms and signs include elevated mood, agitation ... Main Article on Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and Signs. * Bipolar Disorder. Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental ... Who is at risk for developing bipolar disorder? Are you? Take this Bipolar Disorder Quiz to learn more about bipolar disorder, ... Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Testing for Bipolar Depression. Bipolar disorder (once called manic depression) causes extreme mood ...
Bipolar Disorder Fact Sheet
With proper treatment, individuals with bipolar can lead fulfilling, productive lives. ... Bipolar disorder can be effectively treated with medication and psychotherapy. ... Bipolar Disorder. Overview Bipolar Symptoms Causes of Bipolar Bipolar Treatment Quiz Bipolar FAQ Fact Sheet In-depth Look ... What Causes Bipolar Disorder?. There is no single cause for bipolar disorder. Indeed, like all psychological disorders, bipolar ...
Diagnosing Bipolar Disorder - Beliefnet
Learn what factors prompt doctors to advise treatment for bipolar disorder. ... Because the manic behavior and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder may mimic other mental illnesses, only a mental health ... Diagnosing Bipolar Disorder. Because the manic behavior and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder may mimic other mental ...
gaba - Bipolar Disorder - MedHelp
i still insist that BP is a biological disorder of some sort. So while other psych illness suffer from symptoms which seem ... I agree that bipolar, schizophrenia (and family,) depression, and anxiety disorders are all physical disorders that effect the ... I agree that bipolar, schizophrenia (and family,) depression, and anxiety disorders are all physical disorders that effect the ... Yes bipolar is clinically complex given that people with bipolar are at the same time as they experience mania are physically ...
Introduction to Bipolar Disorder
... is a mental disorder that is characterized by constantly changing moods between depression and mania. The mood swings are ... Home » Disorders » Bipolar Disorder » Introduction to Bipolar Disorder. Introduction to Bipolar Disorder. By Steve Bressert, Ph ... Bipolar Disorder. Overview Bipolar Symptoms Causes of Bipolar Bipolar Treatment Quiz Bipolar FAQ Fact Sheet In-depth Look ... psychcentral.com/disorders/bipolar/introduction-to-bipolar-disorder/ ...
Misconceptions About Bipolar Disorder
Even the best psychiatrists have set ideas about bipolar disorder that arent entirely accurate. Hear from the perspective of ... Bipolar DisorderLiving With. 9 Misconceptions Clinicians and Researchers Make About Bipolar Disorder. John McManamyPatient ... Bipolar disorder does affects ones personality. So those with bipolar disorder are different, even when we return to "normal ... Everyone with bipolar is the same. Right and wrong. Although persons with bipolar disorder experience similar symptoms and ...