Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
An enzyme that catalyzes the endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-glucosidic linkages in isomaltose and dextrins produced from starch and glycogen by ALPHA-AMYLASES. EC 3.2.1.10.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Potassium or potassium compounds used in foods or as foods.
Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
Separation of particles according to density by employing a gradient of varying densities. At equilibrium each particle settles in the gradient at a point equal to its density. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The consumption of edible substances.
The selection of one food over another.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A glycoside hydrolase found primarily in PLANTS and YEASTS. It has specificity for beta-D-fructofuranosides such as SUCROSE.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
Two populations of Zucker rats have been cited in research--the "fatty" or obese and the lean. The "fatty" rat (Rattus norvegicus) appeared as a spontaneous mutant. The obese condition appears to be due to a single recessive gene.
A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE. It is a source of gypenosides and triterpenoid SAPONINS.
An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE).
A collective term for a group of around nine geometric and positional isomers of LINOLEIC ACID in which the trans/cis double bonds are conjugated, where double bonds alternate with single bonds.

Apparent ileal and total-tract nutrient digestion by pigs as affected by dietary nondigestible oligosaccharides. (1/586)

The effects of two types of nondigestible oligosaccharides (NDO), fructooligosaccharides (FOS), and transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS) were studied on growing and weanling pigs' nutrient digestion. Dietary NDO were included at the expense of purified cellulose. Twenty-five 57-d-old growing pigs, averaging 15.9+/-.6 kg on d 0 of the experiment, were fed a corn-based control diet or the control with 6.8 or 13.5 g of FOS/kg or 4.0 or 8.0 g of TOS/kg (five pigs per diet). Feces were collected on d 28 to 32, and small-intestinal digesta were collected (slaughter technique) on d 42 to 47 of the experiment. Feeds, feces, and digesta were analyzed for DM, inorganic matter, CP, ether extract, and crude fiber. Dietary NDO did not significantly affect apparent fecal and small intestinal digestion of nutrients in growing pigs. After being fed a NDO-free diet through d 10 after weaning, 38-d-old weanling pigs (n = 20), averaging 10.4+/-.8 kg on d 0 of the experiment, were fed a control diet (based on cornstarch, casein, and oat husk meal) or the control with 10 or 40 g of FOS or TOS/kg (four pigs per diet). Feces and urine were collected on d 13 to 17, and ileal digesta were collected via a postvalve T-cecum cannula on d 33 to 37 of the experiment. Feeds, feces, and digesta were analyzed for DM, inorganic matter, CP, ether extract, starch, NDF, ADF, ADL, Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Cu, and Zn. Nonstarch neutral-detergent soluble carbohydrates (NNSC) completed the mass balance for the carbohydrates. Urine was analyzed for N and minerals. The apparent fecal digestion of NNSC increased in the NDO-supplemented diets. The TOS-fed pigs tended (P<.10) to have a higher apparent fecal digestion of CP than the FOS-fed and control pigs but excreted more N via the urine (P<.01). Nitrogen and mineral balances were not affected. The FOS was nearly completely degraded prececally. Mean fiber digestion was lower at the fecal compared with the ileal level, as was the extent of NDO effects. This indicates that fiber digestion requires more than 2 wk to adapt to dietary NDO. Apparent ileal digestion of hemicellulose increased for the NDO-supplemented diets (P<.05), but that of NNSC decreased (P<.001). Thus, under the well-controlled conditions of this experiment, dietary NDO hardly affected nutrient digestion in well-kept growing and weanling pigs. However, digestion of dietary nonstarch carbohydrates may be affected.  (+info)

Insulin resistance of muscle glucose transport in male and female rats fed a high-sucrose diet. (2/586)

It has been reported that, unlike high-fat diets, high-sucrose diets cause insulin resistance in the absence of an increase in visceral fat and that the insulin resistance develops only in male rats. This study was done to 1) determine if isolated muscles of rats fed a high-sucrose diet are resistant to stimulation of glucose transport when studied in vitro and 2) obtain information regarding how the effects of high-sucrose and high-fat diets on muscle insulin resistance differ. We found that, compared with rat chow, semipurified high-sucrose and high-starch diets both caused increased visceral fat accumulation and insulin resistance of skeletal muscle glucose transport. Insulin responsiveness of 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) transport measured in epitrochlearis and soleus muscles in vitro was decreased approximately 40% (P < 0.01) in both male and female rats fed a high-sucrose compared with a chow diet. The high-sucrose diet also caused resistance of muscle glucose transport to stimulation by contractions. There was a highly significant negative correlation between stimulated muscle 2-DG transport and visceral fat mass. In view of these results, the differences in insulin action in vivo observed by others in rats fed isocaloric high-sucrose and high-starch diets must be due to additional, specific effects of sucrose that do not carry over in muscles studied in vitro. We conclude that, compared with rat chow, semipurified high-sucrose and high-cornstarch diets, like high-fat diets, cause increased visceral fat accumulation and severe resistance of skeletal muscle glucose transport to stimulation by insulin and contractions.  (+info)

Rapidly available glucose in foods: an in vitro measurement that reflects the glycemic response. (3/586)

BACKGROUND: A chemically based classification of dietary carbohydrates that takes into account the likely site, rate, and extent of digestion is presented. The classification divides dietary carbohydrates into sugars, starch fractions, and nonstarch polysaccharides, and groups them into rapidly available glucose (RAG) and slowly available glucose (SAG) as to the amounts of glucose (from sugar and starch, including maltodextrins) likely to be available for rapid and slow absorption, respectively, in the human small intestine. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that RAG is an important food-related determinant of the glycemic response. DESIGN: The measurement of RAG, SAG, and starch fractions by an in vitro technique is described, based on the measurement by HPLC of the glucose released from a test food during timed incubation with digestive enzymes under standardized conditions. Eight healthy adult subjects consumed 8 separate test meals ranging in RAG content from 11 to 49 g. RESULTS: The correlation between glycemic response and RAG was highly significant (P < 0.0001) and a given percentage increase in RAG was associated with the same percentage increase in glycemic response. After subject variation was accounted for, RAG explained 70% of the remaining variance in glycemic response. CONCLUSIONS: We show the significance of in vitro measurements of RAG in relation to glycemic response in human studies. The simple in vitro measurement of RAG and SAG is of physiologic relevance and could serve as a tool for investigating the importance of the amount, type, and form of dietary carbohydrates for health.  (+info)

Net postprandial utilization of [15N]-labeled milk protein nitrogen is influenced by diet composition in humans. (4/586)

The aim of this study was to follow the fate of dietary nitrogen to assess the postprandial utilization of purified milk protein and to determine the acute influence of energy nutrients. For this purpose, a [15N]-labeling dietary protein approach was used. Twenty-five subjects swallowed an ileal tube and ingested [15 N]-milk protein alone or supplemented with either milk fat or sucrose. The absorption and postprandial deamination of dietary protein was monitored for 8 h. Sucrose delayed the absorption of protein longer than fat, but the ileal digestibility did not differ among groups (94.5-94.8%). Sucrose, but not fat, significantly reduced the postprandial transfer of [15N]-milk nitrogen to urea. Consequently, the net postprandial protein utilization (NPPU) of milk protein calculated 8 h after meal ingestion was 80% when ingested either alone or supplemented with fat and was significantly greater with sucrose (NPPU = 85%). This study shows that energy nutrients do not affect the nitrogen absorption but modify the metabolic utilization of dietary protein in the phase of nitrogen gain. Our method provides information concerning the deamination kinetics of dietary amino acids and further allows the detection of differences of dietary protein utilization in acute conditions. The diet composition should be carefully considered, and protein quality must be determined under optimal conditions of utilization.  (+info)

Sucrase-isomaltase and hexose transporter gene expressions are coordinately enhanced by dietary fructose in rat jejunum. (5/586)

We previously demonstrated that the levels of mRNAs of both sucrase-isomaltase (SI) and sodium/D-glucose transporter (SGLT1) are modulated by dietary sucrose in the rat jejunum. In the present study, we investigated whether the transcription of the gene coding SI is regulated by certain types of monosaccharides. Force-feeding a fructose and sucrose diet, (40% energy as fructose or sucrose) gave rise to parallel increases in the transcripts of SI and intestinal hexose transporters (SGLT1, GLUT5, and GLUT2) within 12 h. Force-feeding a glycerol-containing diet also caused an enhancement of SI, SGLT1, and GLUT2 mRNA levels. However, feeding the diet containing glucose or alpha-methylglucoside generally did not increase the transcript levels of SI or the intestinal hexose transporters. Nuclear run-on assays revealed that fructose as well as sucrose increased the transcription of both SI and GLUT5 genes and that the transcription rates of these genes were unaffected by glucose. These results suggest that fructose (or a metabolite) is capable of increasing the mRNA levels of SI and hexose transporters in the small intestine and that transcriptional regulation might play a pivotal role in the carbohydrate-induced coordinate enhancement of SI and fructose transporter gene expression  (+info)

Western-type diets induce insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia in LDL receptor-deficient mice but do not increase aortic atherosclerosis compared with normoinsulinemic mice in which similar plasma cholesterol levels are achieved by a fructose-rich diet. (6/586)

The role of insulin resistance (IR) in atherogenesis is poorly understood, in part because of a lack of appropriate animal models. We assumed that fructose-fed LDL receptor-deficient (LDLR-/-) mice might be a model of IR and atherosclerosis because (1) fructose feeding induces hyperinsulinemia and IR in rats; (2) a preliminary experiment showed that fructose feeding markedly increases plasma cholesterol levels in LDLR-/- mice; and (3) hypercholesterolemic LDLR-/- mice develop extensive atherosclerosis. To test whether IR could be induced in LDLR-/- mice, 3 groups of male mice were fed a fructose-rich diet (60% of total calories; n=16), a fat-enriched (Western) diet intended to yield the same plasma cholesterol levels (n=18), or regular chow (n=7) for approximately 5.5 months. The average cholesterol levels of both hypercholesterolemic groups were similar (849+/-268 versus 964+/-234 mg/dL) and much higher than in the chow-fed group (249+/-21 mg/dL). Final body weights in the Western diet group were higher (39+/-6.2 g) than in the fructose- (27.8+/-2.7 g) or chow-fed (26.7+/-3.8 g) groups. Contrary to expectation, IR was induced in mice fed the Western diet, but not in fructose-fed mice. The Western diet group had higher average glucose levels (187+/-16 versus 159+/-12 mg/dL) and 4.5-fold higher plasma insulin levels. Surprisingly, the non-insulin-resistant, fructose-fed mice had significantly more atherosclerosis than the insulin-resistant mice fed Western diet (11.8+/-2.9% versus 7.8+/-2. 5% of aortic surface; P<0.01). These results suggest that (1) fructose-enriched diets do not induce IR in LDLR-/- mice; (2) the Western diets commonly used in LDLR-/- mice may not only induce atherosclerosis, but also IR, potentially complicating the interpretation of results; and (3) IR and hyperinsulinemia do not enhance atherosclerosis in LDLR-/- mice, at least under conditions of very high plasma cholesterol levels. The fact that various levels of hypercholesterolemia can be induced in LDLR-/- mice by fat-enriched diets and that such diets induce IR and hyperinsulinemia suggest that LDLR-/- mice may be used as models to elucidate the effect of IR on atherosclerosis, eg, by feeding them Western diets with or without insulin-sensitizing agents.  (+info)

Effect of diet on fat cell size and hormone-sensitive lipase activity. (7/586)

This study was designed to examine the relationship between diet-induced insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia, fat cell hypertrophy, and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) to elucidate whether an attenuated HSL activity leads to obesity. Female Fischer 344 rats were fed either a low-fat, complex-carbohydrate diet or a high-fat, refined-sugar (HFS) diet for 2 wk, 2 mo, or 6 mo. Adipose tissue morphology and HSL activity as well as plasma free fatty acid and glycerol levels were determined at these times. No differences between groups were seen after 2 wk except the previously reported hyperinsulinemia in the HFS animals. At both 2 and 6 mo, the HFS animals demonstrated adipocyte hypertrophy. Basal and stimulated HSL activities and plasma glycerol were significantly elevated in the HFS group. There was a positive correlation between adipocyte size and HSL activity for both basal and stimulated states. These results demonstrate that an attenuated HSL activity is not observed with the onset of insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia and therefore does not play a role in the development of obesity.  (+info)

Association between preference for sweets and excessive alcohol intake: a review of animal and human studies. (8/586)

This report reviews a series of studies demonstrating a relationship between the consumption of sweets and alcohol consumption. There is consistent evidence linking the consumption of sweets to alcohol intake in both animals and humans, and there are indications that this relationship may be at least partially genetic in nature. Alcohol-preferring rats have a tendency to consume sucrose and saccharin solutions far beyond the limits of their normal fluid intake and this has been proposed to be a model of the clinical phenomenon known as loss of control. Furthermore, rats and mice, genetically bred to prefer alcohol, tend to choose more concentrated sweet solutions, compared to animals which do not prefer alcohol. Similar tendencies to prefer ultra-sweet solutions have been noted in studies of alcoholic subjects, with most alcoholics preferring sweeter sucrose solutions than do controls. Evidence also exists that those alcoholics who prefer sweeter solutions may represent a familial form of alcoholism. Finally, consumption of sweets and/or sweet solutions may significantly suppress alcohol intake in both animals and in alcoholics. Carbohydrate structure and sweet taste may contribute to this effect through different physiological mechanisms involving serotonergic, opioid, and dopaminergic functions. The possibility that there is concordance between sweet liking and alcohol consumption and/or alcoholism has theoretical, biological, and diagnostic/practical implications.  (+info)

A short term high-fat high-sucrose diet in mice impairs optic nerve recovery after injury and this is not reversed by exercise Academic Article ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Diallyl disulfide potentiates anti-obesity effect of green tea in high-fat/high-sucrose diet-induced obesity. AU - Bae, Jaehoon. AU - Kumazoe, Motofumi. AU - Fujimura, Yoshinori. AU - Tachibana, Hirofumi. PY - 2019/2/1. Y1 - 2019/2/1. N2 - Obesity is a major problem in developed countries and a burden on social health care systems. Several epidemiological studies showed the protective effects of green tea against obesity-related diseases. Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) acts as a mediator for the physiological effects of (−)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, the major constituent of green tea. Here, we showed that the level of phosphodiesterase 5, a negative regulator of cGMP, was up-regulated in adipose tissues of high-fat/high-sucrose (HF/HS) diet-fed mice and that this up-regulation was ameliorated by diallyl disulfide (DADS), the major organosulfur in garlic. A green tea extract (GT) and DADS in combination attenuated HF/HS diet-induced adipose increase and triglyceride ...
Search for abbreviations and long forms in lifescience, results along with the related PubMed / MEDLINE information and co-occurring abbreviations.
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and dyslipidemia are closely related. Diet plays an important role in the progression of these diseases, but the role of specific dietary components is not completely understood. Therefore, we investigated the role of dietary sucrose and fat/cholesterol on the development of dyslipidemia and NAFLD.. METHODS: Seventy female guinea pigs were block-randomized (based on weight) into five groups and fed a normal chow diet (control: 4 % fat), a very high-sucrose diet (vHS: 4 % fat, 25 % sucrose), a high-fat diet (HF: 20 % fat, 0.35 % cholesterol), a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (HFHS: 20 % fat, 15 % sucrose, 0.35 % cholesterol) or a high-fat/very high-sucrose diet (HFvHS: 20 % fat, 25 % sucrose, 0.35 % cholesterol) for 16 and 25 weeks.. RESULTS: All three high-fat diets induced dyslipidemia with increased concentrations of plasma cholesterol (p , 0.0001), LDL-C (p , 0.0001) and VLDL-C (p , 0.05) compared to control and vHS. Contrary to this, plasma ...
Female Gpat1−/− mice have reduced body weight, gonadal fat pad mass, hepatic TAG content, plasma TAG, and secretion of VLDL-TAG (46). GPAT1 deficiency also protects mice against diet-induced hyperlipidemia and hepatic steatosis (87). After high-fat diet feeding for 3 wk, Gpat1−/− mice exhibit 30% lower plasma TAG levels than wild-type mice, and liver TAG and DAG are reduced, with a reciprocal increase in hepatic acyl-CoA content and plasma β-hydroxybutyrate concentration, which is consistent with the role of GPAT1 in hepatic glycerolipid synthesis. Feeding Gpat1−/− mice a high-fat/high-sucrose diet produces similar results, except for the failure to cause reduced plasma TAG levels (47). TAG and acyl-CoA content in skeletal muscle is not altered in Gpat1−/− mice. Hepatic shRNA adenovirus-mediated knockdown of GPAT1 in ob/ob mice also results in reduced hepatic TAG and DAG content (123).. The effect of GPAT1 deficiency in insulin resistance has been studied in two diet-induced ...
Background: Metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes can cause dysfunction of endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular rarefaction in adipose tissues. However, the modulatory role of ECs in adipose tissue function is not fully understood. Other than VEGF-VEGFR-mediated angiogenic signaling, little is known about the EC-derived signals in adipose tissue regulation. We previously identified Argonaute 1 (AGO1; a key component of microRNA-induced silencing complex) as a crucial regulator in hypoxia-induced angiogenesis. In this study, we intend to determine the AGO1-mediated EC transcriptome, the functional importance of AGO1-regulated endothelial function in vivo, and the relevance to adipose tissue function and obesity. Methods: We generated and subjected mice with EC-AGO1 deletion (EC-AGO1-KO) and their wild-type littermates (WT) to a fast-food-mimicking, high-fat high-sucrose diet and profiled the metabolic phenotypes. We employed crosslinking immunoprecipitation (iCLIP)- and RNA-sequencing ...
Recent findings suggest the sugar industry has paid high prices over decades to downplay the role of sugar in the obesity epidemic. But lets not sugarcoat the evidence: increasing or decreasing dietary sugar intake corresponds to similar changes in adults body weight. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) yields increased weight gain in both children and adults. Still, targeted marketing strategies display SSBs as healthy and trendy, and lead to higher consumption by children, minorities, and low-income populations. Public health agencies and officials must combat longstanding industry-spread misinformation to allow communities to navigate healthfully through the food environment.. In September 2016, researchers revealed that the Sugar Association paid scientists in the 1960s to minimize the link between sugar consumption and negative health impacts, alternatively implicating fats and cholesterol. The public health and ethical repercussions of spreading such misinformation are ...
Background: Increasing sugars intakes has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease such as diabetes, insulin resistance and obesity. When sugars are consumed in excess of energy requirements and glycogen storage capacity they are converted to lipids in the liver and stored as fat. This also results in an increase in circulating lipid concentrations in the blood. The aim of this thesis was to determine whether there is a relationship between consumption of dietary sugars and blood lipids as a biomarker of cardiovascular risk. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) following the Cochrane Collaboration guidelines including and using Cochrane meta-analysis software Revman 5.0. Data sources: Four article databases (OVID Medline, Scopus, Embase and CINAHL) were searched for randomised controlled trials published before April 2012. Grey literature sources and references lists of review articles were also searched. Study selection: We ...
A mouse study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests that a pregnant womans high-fat, high-sugar diet may have consequences for later generations. The study indicates that a womans obesity can cause genetic abnormalities that are passed through the female bloodline to at least three subsequent generations, increasing the risk of obesity-related conditions.
How do you know when your blood sugar too high, and what should you do about this situation? The first step that you may want to take is to switch to a low blood sugar diet. This diet helps to keep your blood sugar at a stable level which is more normal, and can prevent many complications associated with elevated blood sugar. If you are prescribed insulin you may be advised to give yourself a shot, but if you are not diabetic there are other things you can do to get these numbers down.. ...
The Best Low Sodium No Sugar Diet Recipes on Yummly | Honey Mustard Salad Dressing, Persian Style Baked Herb Omelet, Mikes Diet Chicken A La Hg
Written by Summary Station, Narrated by Ralph L. Rati. Download the app and start listening to Summary of The 8 Week Blood Sugar Diet from Michael Mosley today - Free with a 30 day Trial! Keep your audiobook forever, even if you cancel. Dont love a book? Swap it for free, anytime.
To prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, WHO suggests limiting your sugar intake to a maximum of five percent of your daily calories.
An epidemiological study of breast cancer mortality in relation to food consumption, found there is a strong correlation in older women, between breast cancer mortality and sugar consumption. According to this study, the possible link between sugar consumption and breast cancer is insulin. Our bodies supply insulin production in response to our blood glucose level. When this regulatory mechanism is overloaded by large dietary sugar intake, the levels can become excessive. This imbalance may explain the increased risk of mammary cancer in diabetics.. The cells in our bodies need glucose for energy. When healthy cells complete their life cycle, they die off and are replaced with healthy cells. Cancer is developed when old cells continue to grow and divide in one place, creating a tumor.. In 1924, a publication of Dr. Otto Warburgs paper, On metabolism of tumors. said, Summarized in a few words, the prime cause of cancer is the replacement of the respiration of oxygen in normal body cells by a ...
The Food and Drug Administration has finally decided to put a cap on daily sugar intake for Americans. The recommendation will be for a maximum of 10 percent of calories, meaning no more than 12.5 teaspoons of sugar per day.
Ive noticed that this is the time of year (really, it can start around Halloween) that people let their sugar consumption really fly. Ive even been known to eat a bit more of the sweet stuff in various forms simply because its there, too. The problem is that, as a country, we get much more sugar than we need on a regular basis, anyway. The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that total intake of discretionary calories (that includes added sugars and solid fats) be between 5% and 15%. According to data from the 2005-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, about 13% of adults total calories come from added sugar; the 2005-2008 survey reported that about 16% of children and adolescents total calories come from added sugar. At this levels, sugar intake takes up all of our discretionary calories ...
NEW research linking a diet high in sugar and processed foods to brain shrinkage has prompted a rethink on safe blood sugar levels.
If worms are any indication, all the sugar in your diet could spell much more than obesity and type 2 diabetes. Researchers reporting in the November issue of Cell Metabolism, a Cell Press publication, say it might also be taking years off your life. By adding just a small amount of glucose to C. elegans usual fare of straight bacteria, they found the worms lose about 20 percent of their usual life span. They trace the effect to insulin signals, which can block other life-extending molecular players.. Although the findings are in worms, Cynthia Kenyon of the University of California, San Francisco, says there are known to be many similarities between worms and people in the insulin signaling pathways. (As an aside, Kenyon says she read up on low-carb diets and changed her eating habits immediately -- cutting out essentially all starches and desserts -- after making the initial discovery in worms. The discovery was made several years ago, but had not been reported in a peer-reviewed journal until ...
The BBC program Truth about sugar was on the tele this week. Fiona Phillips presented the documentary and delved into where we find sugar and what it does to our bodies.. They followed 4 people who ate high sugar diets, 23-39 tsp of sugar per day. If we calculate how much this is as a percentage of their calorie intake (presuming ladies eat 2000kcals and men 2500kcals - although I would expect these people ate more that this!) then this would be between 20-25% of their calories as sugar, much more than recommended intake. They were told to cut sugar out of their diet, they managed to do this by cutting out sugary drinks and foods and cooking from scratch. They got their sugar intake down to between ¼ - 7 tsp per day. Unsurprisingly 3 out of 4 managed to lose weight and reduced their risk of developing diabetes and non alcohol fatty liver disease, but one man, although cutting his sugar intake down from 29 - 7 tsp per day didnt manage to lose any weight. It turned out that although he had ...
Ive never had blood sugar issues before but I went on a Paleo diet three months ago. Ive lost some weight which is a good thing, but my blood glucose...
How much weight you lose on a particular diet depends in part on the total calories consumed. If you eat large quantities of food, consuming a diet low in...
Researchers at the University of Toronto investigating the amount of free sugar in Canadian prepackaged foods and beverages are calling for new guidelines and better food labeling to help consumers make better choices.
We have been talking about fats and cholesterol and we have pointed to the detrimental effects of sugar consumption. Sugar and fats might not appear to be connected but according to nutrition expert Udo Erasmus, refined dietary sugars and starches almost always turn into fats in the body. In this fat and cholesterol phobia driven…
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The team wrote that sugar is generally perceived as nothing more than empty calories that, when consumed in excess, can lead to obesity. However, the effects of sugar may be far more sinister than this, as studies have shown that it can disrupt hormone signaling and lead to liver damage ...
Most stored body fat is in the form of triglycerides (triacylglycerols), which represent a highly concentrated form of energy. Most dietary fat is also triglycerides. But the body also makes triglycerides in the liver from carbohydrates. And the fastest, surest way … Continue reading →. ...
The percentage of children exposed to added sugar before the age of 2 is surprising - and not good news. Find out if your child is consuming hidden sugars.
Sugar is present in almost every food and drink item. It is far from a bad ingredient, but it can be harmful to your health when consumed excessively.
The alarming truth is that Australians are now consuming more sugar than before. Unfortunately, the problem is more prevalent amongst teenagers.
Excess sugar consumption should be considered a form of addiction, an animal study revealed. A team of researchers at the Queensland ...
Last week we discussed the importance of reducing salt intake for a better health and nutrition. This weeks post is about reducing sugar intake. The World Health Organization has recently updated the recommendations on the amount of sugar adults and children should consume every day. The intake of free sugars should be less than 10%…
How much sugar should you eat in a day? Turns out, your daily sugar intake is probably higher than you think-and it could be time to cut back.
Here are some tips that will help you cut sugar intake, which should help improve your overall health, while also aiding your weight loss efforts.
A University of Sydney study has found an alarming three-quarters of one age group exceeding the guidelines for daily sugar intake.
So you are looking for tips on how to reduce sugar intake. Here are a few secrets the health food companies dont want you to know about!
A ground-breaking study from the University of Surrey found that a subject group of otherwise healthy men after they had consumed a high sugar diet had...
It is very important be proactive in terms of our private health and the health of our family. Rigorously detailing the medical history of every member of the family is becoming a more frequent development in households in every single place. In response to some health consultants, sugar not only makes you achieve fats but could cause melancholy and lack of concentration too and that the average person is three.5 stone heavier now than they had been back within the sixties as a result of will increase in sugar intake. It destroys collagen within the pores and skin which means you age quicker. Its highly addictive which means you will crave extra, the more you eat. Sugar is definitely was fats in the body due to the velocity at which it enters the blood stream giving us little chance to burn it off. A direct link exists between sugar consumption, weight gain and weight problems. Thats the reason some governments have thought of placing a tax on foods with excessive sugar content material ...
Dr. Scott Olsons 30-Day Sugar Free Challenge - why high-sugar diets contribute to illness, and details of the program hes devised to help in overcom
high-sugar diet actually reprogrammed how genes function - genes that are closely related to those that help determine the human life span. If thats the
Sugar is everywhere, occurring naturally in food and added to it, too. Get your sugar intake under control by educating yourself about its various names and where youre most likely to find it.
Scientific American has published many articles that describe the link between the gut biome and overall health. Fiber-Famished Gut Microbes Linked to Poor Health and Mental Health May Depend on Creatures in the Gut. The collective genome of our inhabitant commensals is at least 150 times greater than our own genetic material--and most live in our gut. That alone speaks to the power of understanding the interplay between our immune systems and the resident microbes. Data about the prevelance of antibiotics in our food, healthcare systems, as well as high-sugar diets have resulted in a shift in our microbial communities--and not for the better ...
Since this here is going to be a big year regarding my weight which I am very happy about. I thought I would post here. Right now I am on a No carb/No sugar diet. I thought it was going to be hard, it has and it hasnt. I am a chocolate person during that time of the month and not having any, well its amazing my kids are still alive. On Dec. 4th me and my parents went down to Indy for an appt with the doc. She was really nice and we talked over my options. Because I live so far away and have over 150 lbs to live it was decided that I would have the Gastric instead of the Lap-Band. With the Lap-Band I would have to go down to at least once a month for a year. I dont mind going down there but I even thats a little much. So we came home and on Saturday My mom and I took out all the bad stuff that I couldnt eat and the kids wouldnt eat. I gave 4 bags to church and my mom took 3. Yes 7 bags of crap. Then we went right over to to the store and got what I could. In the first week of doing it I ...
If we can switch to a whole-food, low sugar diet, that will make a massive difference to our whole feeling. Even the way we think, well be less depressed, well have more energy, well sleep better.
How to Identify Added Sugar in Your Food - High sugar intake is associated with obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, among other ailments, and its impact...
Are you a sweet tooth like me? If so, you should be aware that too much sugar consumption can lead to several health problems especially since this substance can be addictive. To ensure your health is not compromised, here are some ways to overcome your sugar addiction.
Sugar consumption has gone up exponentially since the early 1900s and the average American consumes over 160 lbs of added sugars per year.
The data regarding sugar consumption and the increased risk of cancer are not consistent, making it difficult to draw definitive conclusions.
The sugar fructose such as in soda has been linked to a rise in metabolic disease due to a triggering factor that increases glucose production.
Sugar is one of the worst things that you can put in your diet. It can affect both your hormones and your weight. Heres a few reasons why you shouldnt.
How many grams of sugar per day? You are most likely not familiar with the suggested daily sugar intake that has actually been suggested for various
Yudkin, John; Janet Roddy (4 July 1964). "Levels of Dietary Sucrose in Patients with Occlusive Atherosclerotic Disease". The ... For sucrose, "Sucrose", PubChem, National Center for Biotechnology Information. Yudkin, John (1964). "Patterns and Trends in ... that Yudkin has no theoretical basis or experimental evidence to support his claim for a major influence of dietary sucrose in ... Keys, Ancel (1971). "Sucrose in the Diet and Coronary Heart Disease". Atherosclerosis. 14 (2): 193-202. doi:10.1016/0021-9150( ...
Those microorganisms nearest the tooth surface typically obtain energy by fermenting dietary sucrose; during fermentation they ... Sucrose is the only sugar that bacteria can use to form this sticky polysaccharide.) These microorganisms all occur naturally ... Streptococcus mutans uses the enzyme glucansucrase to convert sucrose into a sticky, extracellular, dextran-based ...
Then the research focused on the mechanism by which dietary sucrose suppressed the DFT. Initial studies suggested that the ... Then it was found that the sucrose effect could be effectively reversed by the infusion of the compound carbamyl phosphate ... They also found that a high sucrose diet in young rats suppressed primary dentinogenesis. The injection of carbamyl phosphate ... Further studies showed that the sucrose effect occurred indirectly by inhibiting secretion of the hypothalamic parotid hormone ...
The enzyme's purpose is to digest dietary carbohydrates such as starch, sucrose and isomaltose. By further processing the ... It is a dual-function enzyme with two GH31 domains, one serving as the isomaltase, the other as a sucrose alpha-glucosidase. It ... A deficiency is responsible for sucrose intolerance. Congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (CSID), also called genetic ... sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (GSID), and sucrose intolerance, is a genetic, intestinal disorder that is caused by a reduction ...
Gallstones may be induced in Syrian hamsters by giving the hamster excess dietary cholesterol or sucrose. Hamsters metabolize ... Cohen, BI; Matoba, N; Mosbach, EH; McSherry, CK (February 1989). "Dietary induction of cholesterol gallstones in hamsters from ... Hamsters develop atherosclerosis as a result of dietary manipulation. Hamsters develop atherosclerotic plaques as humans do. ... "Characterization of the bile acid profile in developing male and female hamsters in response to dietary cholesterol challenge ...
Besides the ingredient α-GAL, Beano tablets also contain a second enzyme, invertase, which catalyzes breakdown of sucrose.[5] ... Beano is an enzyme-based dietary supplement that is used to reduce gas in the digestive tract, thereby improving digestion and ... A double-blind crossover study of oral alpha-galactosidase to treat dietary oligosaccharide intolerance". J Fam Pract. 39 (5): ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beano_(dietary_supplement)&oldid=818180672" ...
... that Yudkin has no theoretical basis or experimental evidence to support his claim for a major influence of dietary sucrose in ... where Dsf is the change in percentage of dietary energy from saturated fats, Dpuf is the change in percentage of dietary energy ... Prentice RL, Sheppard L. Dietary fat and cancer: consistency of the epidemiologic data, and disease prevention that may follow ... This was driven largely by the hypothesis that all dietary fats cause obesity and cancer.[45][citation needed] A 2015 ...
... sucrose MeSH D09.698.629.305.770.200 - dietary sucrose MeSH D09.698.629.305.770.850 - sucralfate MeSH D09.698.629.305.880 - ...
... sucrose) inhibit dietary absorption of copper. Furthermore, low levels of dietary copper inhibit iron absorption.[citation ... It must be ingested from dietary sources. Foods contribute virtually all of the copper consumed by humans. The best dietary ... Daily dietary standards for copper have been set by various health agencies around the world. Standards adopted by some nations ... Elevated levels of dietary zinc, as well as cadmium, high intakes of phytate and simple sugars (fructose, ...
dietary fiber Total. sugars Free. fructose Free. glucose Sucrose Fructose/. (Fructose+Glucose). ratio Sucrose. as a % of. total ... 6) or (as in cane and beet) sucrose (C. 12H. 22O. 11). Monosaccharides may be further converted into structural polysaccharides ... Refined sugar is made from raw sugar that has undergone a refining process to remove the molasses.[80][81] Raw sugar is sucrose ... Recommended dietary intake[edit]. The World Health Organization recommends that both adults and children reduce the intake of ...
... is the only dietary sugar that can be converted to sticky glucans (dextran-like polysaccharides) by extracellular ... A 25 °Bx sucrose solution has 25 grams of sucrose per 100 grams of liquid; or, to put it another way, 25 grams of sucrose sugar ... Sucrose is the only sugar that bacteria can use to form this sticky polysaccharide. The word sucrose was coined in 1857, by the ... Sucrose is a disaccharide made up of 50% glucose and 50% fructose and has a glycemic index of 65. Sucrose is digested rapidly, ...
On the other hand sucrose, which is broken down to equal quantities of glucose and fructose, is not an essential dietary ... The author makes the initial case that sucrose is a dangerous food by emphasising the contrast between starch and sucrose. Both ... Report on Health and Social Subjects 28 Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy (1989), Panel on Dietary Sugars. Dietary ... NAFLD is believed to result from the accumulation of fat in the liver-often as a consequence of excess dietary sucrose. A ...
It is important for those with sucrose intolerance to minimize sucrose consumption as much as possible. Dietary supplements or ... secondary sucrose intolerance). There are specific tests used to help determine if a person has sucrose intolerance. The most ... so-called primary sucrose intolerance). Sucrose intolerance can also be caused by irritable bowel syndrome, aging, or small ... Sucrose (also termed saccharose) is a disaccharide and is a two-sugar chain composed of glucose and fructose which are bonded ...
... dietary restrictions of lactose, fructose, sucrose or sorbitol containing foods, or treatment with oral antibiotics in the case ... Pietzak MM (2014). "Dietary supplements in celiac disease". In Rampertab SD, Mullin GE (eds.). Celiac disease. pp. 137-59. ISBN ... Kupper C (2005). "Dietary guidelines and implementation for celiac disease". Gastroenterology. 128 (4 Suppl 1): S121-7. doi: ... Initially, reduced levels of lactase and sucrase activities might necessitate further dietary restrictions until the villi have ...
... dietary exclusion of foods containing fructose, sucrose, or sorbitol. If possible, individuals who suspect they might have HFI ... When patients are diagnosed with HFI, a dietary history will often reveal an aversion to fruit and other foods that contain ... Because of the ease of therapy (dietary exclusion of fructose), HFI can be effectively managed if properly diagnosed. In HFI, ... HFI is typically suspected based on dietary history, especially in infants who become symptomatic after breast feeding. This ...
... dietary restrictions of lactose, fructose, sucrose or sorbitol containing foods,[109][113] or treatment with oral antibiotics ... Pietzak MM (2014). "Dietary supplements in celiac disease". In Rampertab SD, Mullin GE. Celiac disease. pp. 137-59. ISBN 978-1- ... Kupper C (2005). "Dietary guidelines and implementation for celiac disease". Gastroenterology. 128 (4 Suppl 1): S121-7. doi: ... García-Manzanares A, Lucendo AJ (April 2011). "Nutritional and dietary aspects of celiac disease". Nutrition in Clinical ...
dietary fiber Total. sugars Free. fructose Free. glucose Sucrose Fructose/. (Fructose+Glucose). ratio Sucrose. as a % of. total ... In the body, sucrose is hydrolysed into fructose and glucose. Sucrose is used in prepared foods (e.g. cookies and cakes), is ... 6) or (as in cane and beet) sucrose (C. 12H. 22O. 11). Monosaccharides may be further converted into structural polysaccharides ... Refined sugar is made from raw sugar that has undergone a refining process to remove the molasses.[59][60] Raw sugar is sucrose ...
It is 300 to 500 times sweeter than sucrose and is often used to improve the taste of toothpastes, dietary foods, and dietary ... If the sucrose (or other sugar) that is replaced has contributed to the texture of the product, then a bulking agent is often ... These are, in general, less sweet than sucrose, but have similar bulk properties and can be used in a wide range of food ... Acesulfame potassium (Ace-K) is 200 times sweeter than sucrose (common sugar), as sweet as aspartame, about two-thirds as sweet ...
... and obesity[edit]. Dietary fiber has many functions in diet, one of which may be to aid in energy intake control ... Dietary fiber and cholesterol metabolism[edit]. Dietary fiber may act on each phase of ingestion, digestion, absorption and ... Dietary fiber is found in plants, typically eaten whole, raw or cooked, although fiber can be added to make dietary supplements ... Institute of Medicine (2001). Dietary Reference Intakes, Proposed Definition of Dietary Fiber. Washington, D.C.: Institute of ...
Phillips GO (2013). "Dietary fibre: A chemical category or a health ingredient?". Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre. 1 ... "Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for carbohydrates and dietary fibre". EFSA Journal. 8 (3): 1462. 2010. doi: ... Dietary fiber is found in plants, typically eaten whole, raw or cooked, although fiber can be added to make dietary supplements ... Institute of Medicine (2001). Dietary Reference Intakes, Proposed Definition of Dietary Fiber. Washington, D.C.: Institute of ...
Inulin is also gaining popularity as a source of soluble dietary fiber and functional food. Chicory root extract is a dietary ... Fresh chicory root typically contains, by dry weight, 68% inulin, 14% sucrose, 5% cellulose, 6% protein, 4% ash, and 3% other ... Roberfroid, MB; Cumps, J; Devogelaer, JP (2002). "Dietary chicory inulin increases whole-body bone mineral density in growing ... "Effect of soluble or partly soluble dietary fibres supplementation on absorption and balance of calcium, magnesium, iron and ...
Raw carrots are 88% water, 9% carbohydrates, 0.9% protein, 2.8% dietary fiber, 1% ash and 0.2% fat. Carrot dietary fiber ... Free sugars in carrot include sucrose, glucose, and fructose. The carrot gets its characteristic, bright orange colour from β- ... Abdel-Aal el-SM, Akhtar H, Zaheer K, Ali R (2013). "Dietary sources of lutein and zeaxanthin carotenoids and their role in eye ... "Fact sheet for health professionals: Vitamin A". Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health. 3 June 2013. ...
... and sucrose). Dietary fiber and fat can be increased and fluid intake, especially fruit juice intake, decreased. With these ... Breath hydrogen tests are utilized to determine lactose, fructose, and/or sucrose intolerance. Small intestinal bacterial ...
Alternatively, the benefits of dietary restriction can also be found by changing the macro nutrient profile to reduce protein ... notably a high sucrose content in the Wisconsin study), and the monkeys have different origins (India, China), initially ... mTOR functions through nutrient and growth cues leading scientists to believe that dietary restriction and mTOR are related in ... "Comparative and meta-analytic insights into life extension via dietary restriction". Aging Cell. 11 (3): 401-09. doi:10.1111/j. ...
... sucrose 17.2%), 4% of ash, 39% of total dietary fibres amino acids and minerals. The main constituents of the oil of the fruit ...
It is 30 to 50 times as sweet as sucrose (table sugar). The most widely reported side effect of glycyrrhizin use via ... When in specified amounts, it is approved for use as a flavor and aroma in manufactured foods, beverages, candies, dietary ...
In terms of sugars, pea seeds contain 5-6% sucrose and raffinose. Sucrose ranges from 2.2% to 2.6%, whereas oligosaccharides, ... The appetite-suppressing effects of peas may be related to high amounts of protein and dietary fibre, which may delay gastric ... This can help increase dietary folate levels which is beneficial for people with anaemia and neural tube defects. It also ... Peas also contain high levels of dietary fibre, which consists of cellulose, gums, hemicellulose, pectin, mucilage, lignin, and ...
... such as lactose intolerance or sucrose intolerance. Malabsorption of dietary nutrients and excessive fluid secretion by ... Dietary modification is important in some conditions: Gluten-free diet in coeliac disease. Lactose avoidance in lactose ... Eliciting a careful dietary history from patients with suspected malabsorption is therefore crucial. Excessive flatus and ... Normally the human gastrointestinal tract digests and absorbs dietary nutrients with remarkable efficiency. A typical Western ...
Metabolic Effects of Dietary Sucrose in Type II Diabetic Subjects. John P Bantle, Joyce E Swanson, William Thomas, Dawn C Laine ... Metabolic Effects of Dietary Sucrose in Type II Diabetic Subjects. John P Bantle, Joyce E Swanson, William Thomas, Dawn C Laine ... Metabolic Effects of Dietary Sucrose in Type II Diabetic Subjects Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ... Objective- To assess in diabetic subjects the effects of dietary sucrose on glycemia and lipemia. ...
The association between dietary sucrose consumption and microbial population shifts at six oral sites in man.. Minah GE, ... Sucrose-related microbial population shifts were evaluated at 6 oral sites in 22 volunteers, who consumed high-sucrose diets ... Sucrose intake was negatively related to concentrations of Neisseria sp. on the tongue and total Gram-positive bacilli in ... Sucrose intake was positively related to concentrations of yeasts and Streptococcus mutans in the molar fissures; Actinomyces ...
Urinary excretion of sucrose and fructose as a predictor of sucrose intake in dietary intervention studies.. C Luceri, G ... Urinary excretion of sucrose and fructose as a predictor of sucrose intake in dietary intervention studies. ... Urinary excretion of sucrose and fructose as a predictor of sucrose intake in dietary intervention studies. ... Urinary excretion of sucrose and fructose as a predictor of sucrose intake in dietary intervention studies. ...
Influence of Dietary Sucrose on Glucose and Fructose Tolerance and Triglyceride Synthesis in the Baboon. T. M. Coltart, J. N. ... Influence of Dietary Sucrose on Glucose and Fructose Tolerance and Triglyceride Synthesis in the Baboon ... Influence of Dietary Sucrose on Glucose and Fructose Tolerance and Triglyceride Synthesis in the Baboon ... Influence of Dietary Sucrose on Glucose and Fructose Tolerance and Triglyceride Synthesis in the Baboon ...
Does the US Dietary Guidelines call for less than 10% of calories from sugar mean sucrose, naturally occurring sugars or all ... Is sugar in the US Dietary Guidelines for added sugars or just sucrose?. By ... sucrose (granulated, brown, raw, and powdered sugar), and maltose (made from malt barley and other starches). The U.S. Dietary ... Home Eating Healthy Food Labels & Nutrition Facts Is sugar in the US Dietary Guidelines for added sugars or just... ...
Independent effects of dietary fat and sucrose content on chondrocyte metabolism and osteoarthritis pathology in mice ... Independent effects of dietary fat and sucrose content on chondrocyte metabolism and osteoarthritis pathology in mice ... Independent effects of dietary fat and sucrose content on chondrocyte metabolism and osteoarthritis pathology in mice ... Independent effects of dietary fat and sucrose content on chondrocyte metabolism and osteoarthritis pathology in mice ...
The effect of dietary sucrose on blood lipids, serum insulin, platelet adhesiveness and body weight in human volunteers ... The effect of dietary sucrose on blood lipids, serum insulin, platelet adhesiveness and body weight in human volunteers ... The effect of dietary sucrose on blood lipids, serum insulin, platelet adhesiveness and body weight in human volunteers ...
Dietary combination of sucrose and linoleic acid causes skeletal muscle metabolic abnormalities in Zucker fatty rats through ... Dietary combination of sucrose and linoleic acid causes skeletal muscle metabolic abnormalities in Zucker fatty rats through ... Dietary combination of sucrose and linoleic acid causes skeletal muscle metabolic abnormalities in Zucker fatty rats through ...
Dietary adherence was monitored using food records and the actual increase in sucrose intake was 39.8±18.4 g/day. Sixteen ... Moderate increase in dietary sucrose does not influence fasting or postprandial serum lipids regardless of the presence of ... Home » Moderate increase in dietary sucrose does not influence fasting or postprandial serum lipids regardless of the presence ... Objective:To investigate whether a moderate increase in dietary sucrose intake induces different serum lipid responses in ...
Dietary Inulin Alleviates Hepatic Steatosis and Xenobiotics-Induced Liver Injury in Rats Fed a High-Fat and High-Sucrose Diet: ... Dietary Inulin Alleviates Hepatic Steatosis and Xenobiotics-Induced Liver Injury in Rats Fed a High-Fat and High-Sucrose Diet: ... Dietary Inulin Alleviates Hepatic Steatosis and Xenobiotics-Induced Liver Injury in Rats Fed a High-Fat and High-Sucrose Diet: ... Dietary Inulin Alleviates Hepatic Steatosis and Xenobiotics-Induced Liver Injury in Rats Fed a High-Fat and High-Sucrose Diet: ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W ...
RECENT FINDINGS: There has been much concern regarding the role of dietary sugars (fructose/sucrose) in the development of type ... The interplay among dietary fat, sugar, protein and aÁai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) pulp in modulating lifespan and reproduction ... Influence of sucrose ingestion on brainstem and hypothalamic intrinsic oscillations in lean and obese women. ... However, the precise nature and mechanism of these dietary responses is not known. We have uncovered a novel link between ...
Dietary Sucrose -- analysis. Consumer Organizations. Dietary Sucrose -- adverse effects. Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. ... Dietary Sucrose -- adverse effects ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Dietary Sucrose -- adverse effects Genre Posters ✖Remove ... Dietary Sucrose -- adverse effects. Dental Caries -- etiology. Acne Vulgaris -- etiology. Heart Diseases -- etiology. Diabetes ...
World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific (Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2016) ...
Some Christians integrate yoga and other aspects of Eastern spirituality with prayer and meditation. This has been attributed to a desire to experience God in a more complete way.[280] In 2013, Monsignor Raffaello Martinelli, servicing Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, having worked for over 23 years with Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI),[281] said that for his Meditation, a Christian can learn from other religious traditions (zen, yoga, controlled respiration, Mantra), quoting Aspects of Christian meditation: "Just as "the Catholic Church rejects nothing of what is true and holy in these religions," neither should these ways be rejected out of hand simply because they are not Christian. On the contrary, one can take from them what is useful so long as the Christian conception of prayer, its logic and requirements are never obscured. It is within the context of all of this that these bits and pieces should be taken up and expressed anew."[282] Previously, the Roman ...
... and dietary fiber than children who consumed a high sucrose diet. Children in the low sucrose-intake group consumed more grains ... constantly high sucrose intake (highest 10%), constantly low sucrose intake (lowest 10%), and average sucrose intake (80%). ... Children with low and average sucrose intake consumed more protein and had a better dietary fat quality than children with high ... The high sucrose-intake group exceeded the recommended sucrose intake (,10% of energy intake, World Health Organization) ...
Sucrose intolerance[edit]. Main article: sucrose intolerance. UN dietary recommendation[edit]. In 2015, the World Health ... A 25 °Bx sucrose solution has 25 grams of sucrose per 100 grams of liquid; or, to put it another way, 25 grams of sucrose sugar ... Sucrose is a disaccharide made up of 50% glucose and 50% fructose and has a glycemic index of 65.[54] Sucrose is digested ... Sucrose does not deteriorate at ambient conditions. Thermal and oxidative degradation[edit]. Solubility of sucrose in water vs ...
Highlights Sucrose-sweetened water intake was associated with increased energy consumption and greater body fat gain in C57BL/6 ... Impact of dietary sucrose on adiposity and glucose homeostasis in C57BL/6J mice depends on mode of ingestion: liquid or solid ... Impact of dietary sucrose on adiposity and glucose homeostasis in C57BL/6J mice depends on mode of ingestion: liquid or solid ... Dietary Caloric Efficiency. Diet, Recipes. 1. Feb 15, 2020. Dietary Saturated Fat And Heart Disease: A Narrative Review. ...
... sucrose; 3) 2.5% starch, 5.0% sucrose; or 4) 0% starch, 7.5% sucrose. Cows were fed the experimental diets for 8 wk. There were ... Effect on Production of Replacing Dietary Starch with Sucrose in Lactating Dairy Cows. Author:. Broderick, G.A., Luchini, N.D. ... dairy cows, lactation, dietary carbohydrate, starch, sucrose, milk yield, cow feeding, alfalfa silage, lactation stage, dry ... Replacing dietary starch with sucrose increased fat secretion, apparently via increased energy supply because of greater intake ...
Experimental: Sucrose Sucrose ingestion post-exercise. Dietary Supplement: Glucose. Active Comparator: Glucose Glucose ... The Impact of Sucrose Ingestion Post-Exercise on Liver and Muscle Glycogen Repletion.. The safety and scientific validity of ... Sucrose is a naturally occurring sugar that is made up of a single glucose and single fructose molecule. Therefore, ... Therefore the aim of this study is to assess whether relative high amounts of sucrose ingestion will improve liver and muscle ...
... dietary protein facilitated better sucrose detection. Both thiamethoxam and dietary protein influenced survival. These findings ... food consumption and sucrose sensitivity of honey bees (Apis mellifera). Thiamethoxam did not affect protein and carbohydrate ... intake, but decreased responses to high concentrations of sucrose. Interestingly, when bees ate fixed unbalanced diets, ... Sucrose sensitivity of honey bees is differently affected by dietary protein and a neonicotinoid pesticide (2016). ...
Endothelial mechanotransduction proteins and vascular function are altered by dietary sucrose supplementation in healthy young ... The sucrose intervention led to a reduced flow response to passive movement (by 17 ± 2 %) and to 12 watts of active exercise ( ... These findings indicate that regular intake of high levels of sucrose can impair vascular mechanotransduction, increase the ... 75 g sucrose day(-1) for 14 days in a randomized cross-over design. Before and after the intervention period, the hyperemic ...
papers/effects-of-dietary-paraffin-squalane-and-sucrose/7083398. ... Effects of dietary paraffin, squalane and sucrose polyester on ... Dietary treatment with either paraffin, squalane or SPE markedly enhanced faecal excretion of [14C]HCB, whereas urinary ... A non-absorbable dietary fat substitute enhances elimination of persistent lipophilic contaminants in humans. ... The effect of squalane on the absorption of dietary cholesterol by the rat. ...
Food or beverages containing Sucrose in comparison to Aspartame or Stevia. Dietary Supplement: Sucrose The morning breakfast ... Food or beverages containing Aspartame in comparison to Stevia or Sucrose. Dietary Supplement: Aspartame The morning breakfast ... Food or beverages containing Stevia in comparison to Aspartame or Sucrose. Dietary Supplement: Stevia The morning breakfast ... Effects of stevia, aspartame, and sucrose on food intake, satiety, and postprandial glucose and insulin levels. [ Time Frame: ...
Dietary Supplement: Sucrose 5 g of sucrose twice daily for 24 weeks ... Dietary Supplement: Galactooligosaccharide 2.5 g galactooligosaccharide plus 2.5 g sucrose twice daily for 24 weeks ... The fiber will be provided in small packets containing 2.5 g of fiber and 2.5 g sucrose (treatment) or 5 g of sucrose (placebo ... willing to discontinue any immune-enhancing dietary supplements ( e.g., prebiotics and fiber supplements, probiotics, echinacea ...
212 SUCROSE/Dietary Sucrose and Disease. Dietary Sucrose and Disease. other quartiles. Individuals who did not exceed their. ... Still, sucrose continues to be an important dietary. decade, which have become the main contributors to. energy source in many ... higher ad libitum dietary energy intake in those con-. contrary to natural sugars present in fruits or milk,. suming sweetened ... For decades, sucrose (the disaccharide of glucose. dies did not adjust for physical activity, which is an. and fructose) has ...
Long-term dietary compensation for added sugar: effects of supplementary sucrose drinks over a 4-week period ... Reid, MD, Hammersley, R, Hill, AJ and Skidmore, PML (2007) Long-term dietary compensation for added sugar: effects of ... supplementary sucrose drinks over a 4-week period. British Journal of Nutrition, 97 (1). pp. 193-203. ...
High dietary fat and sucrose results in an extensive and time-dependent deterioration in health of multiple physiological ... High dietary fat and sucrose result in an extensive and time-dependent deterioration in health of multiple physiological ... High dietary fat and sucrose results in an extensive and time-dependent deterioration in health of multiple physiological ... High dietary fat and sucrose result in an extensive and time-dependent deterioration in health of multiple physiological ...
  • Sucrose intake was negatively related to concentrations of Neisseria sp. (nih.gov)
  • Urinary excretion of sucrose and fructose as a predictor of sucrose intake in dietary intervention studies. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The urinary excretion of sucrose, glucose, and fructose was measured in 9 healthy subjects consuming a common Italian diet and after 3 days of a low sucrose diet, in which the intake of sucrose was restricted but the other main nutrients were unmodified. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The average urinary excretion of fructose in the four urine samples was significantly correlated with dietary sucrose intake. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We also found a significant correlation between the average urinary excretion of sucrose and dietary sucrose intake. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Urinary fructose can be used as a marker of sucrose intake in dietary intervention studies aimed at studying the effect of variation of carbohydrate intake on specific cancers. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The US Dietary Guidelines recommend moderate intake of sugar which includes sugar you add to food at the table as well as sugar added by food manufacturers. (dietitian.com)
  • All subjects had normal glucose metabolism.Interventions:The subjects were instructed to increase their sucrose intake by 40 g/day for 8 weeks and to decrease the intake of saturated and unsaturated fat to maintain energy balance. (ebscohost.com)
  • Dietary adherence was monitored using food records and the actual increase in sucrose intake was 39.8±18.4 g/day. (ebscohost.com)
  • Sucrose intake did not have a significant effect on fasting concentrations of serum total and lipoprotein lipids, plasma glucose, serum insulin, squalene and non-cholesterol sterols in either genotype group. (ebscohost.com)
  • High sucrose intake is associated with poor quality of diet and growth between 13 months and 9 years of age: the special Turku Coronary Risk Factor. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this work was to determine what associations exist between sucrose intake and intake of nutrients, intake of specific foods, and growth in children aged 13 months to 9 years of age in the prospective, randomized Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project. (nih.gov)
  • Energy and total fat intake did not differ between the sucrose-intake groups. (nih.gov)
  • Children with low and average sucrose intake consumed more protein and had a better dietary fat quality than children with high sucrose intake. (nih.gov)
  • Children in the low sucrose-intake group consumed more grains, vegetables, and dairy products than the other children. (nih.gov)
  • Sugar intake had no direct association with obesity, but weight, height, and BMI of children differed between the sucrose-intake groups between 7 months and 9 years of age. (nih.gov)
  • In children aged 13 months to 9 years, long-term low sucrose intake is associated with better nutrient intake and growth than high sucrose intake. (nih.gov)
  • Sucrose-sweetened water intake was associated with increased energy consumption and greater body fat gain in C57BL/6 mice. (raypeatforum.com)
  • The same level of sucrose in a solid diet did not lead to higher energy intake or elevated body weight and fatness. (raypeatforum.com)
  • Elevated adiposity due to sucrose-sweetened water intake was correlated with impairment of glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance. (raypeatforum.com)
  • Glucose intolerance was positively correlated to body fatness rather than sucrose intake. (raypeatforum.com)
  • There were linear increases in DM intake and milk fat content and yield, and linear decreases in ruminal concentrations of ammonia and branched-chain volatile fatty acids, and urinary excretion of urea-N and total N, and urinary urea-N as a proportion of total N, as sucrose replaced corn starch in the diet. (usda.gov)
  • Despite these changes, there was no effect of diet on microbial protein formation, estimated from total purine flow at the omasum or purine derivative excretion in the urine, and there were linear decreases in both milk/DM intake and milk N/N-intake when sucrose replaced dietary starch. (usda.gov)
  • However, expressing efficiency as fat-corrected milk/DM intake or solids-corrected milk/DM intake indicated that there was no effect of sucrose addition on nutrient utilization. (usda.gov)
  • Replacing dietary starch with sucrose increased fat secretion, apparently via increased energy supply because of greater intake. (usda.gov)
  • These findings indicate that regular intake of high levels of sucrose can impair vascular mechanotransduction, increase the oxidative stress potential and suggest that dietary excessive sugar intake may contribute to the development of vascular disease. (ku.dk)
  • The study of whether food or beverages containing Stevia influence food intake to a greater extent than food or beverages sweetened with Aspartame or Sucrose. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • For decades, sucrose (the disaccharide of glucose dies did not adjust for physical activity, which is an and fructose) has been the main sweetener added important factor determining total energy intake to human diets, particularly for sweetened and possibly fluid intake as well. (yudu.com)
  • These added sugars, higher ad libitum dietary energy intake in those con- contrary to natural sugars present in fruits or milk, suming sweetened beverages. (yudu.com)
  • The present study compared the effects of supplementary soft drinks added to the diet over 4 weeks on dietary intake, mood and BMI in normal-weight women (n 133). (qmu.ac.uk)
  • Role of adequate dietary calcium intake in the prevention and management of salt-sensitive hypertens. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Dietary intake and cell membrane levels of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of primary cardiac arrest. (springer.com)
  • Excessive fructose intake from high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and sucrose has been implicated as a driving force behind the increasing prevalence of obesity and its downstream cardiometabolic complications including hypertension, gout, dyslidpidemia, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). (springer.com)
  • Although higher level evidence from large prospective cohorts studies has shown significant positive associations comparing the highest with the lowest levels of intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), these associations do not hold true at moderate levels of intake or when modeling total sugars and are subject to collinearity effects from related dietary and lifestyle factors. (springer.com)
  • Current guidelines for the healthy population advise restriction of sucrose intake. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We investigated the effect of high- versus low-sucrose diet (25 vs. 10%, respectively, of total energy intake) in 13 healthy subjects aged 33 ± 3 years (mean ± SE), BMI 26.6 ± 0.9 kg/m 2 , in a randomized crossover design with sequential 6-week dietary interventions separated by a 4-week washout. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In this study, a high-sucrose intake as part of an eucaloric, weight-maintaining diet had no detrimental effect on insulin sensitivity, glycemic profiles, or measures of vascular compliance in healthy nondiabetic subjects. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, these diets are either hypercaloric, which leads to obesity, or have grossly elevated contents of fructose or sucrose (up to 70-80% of total caloric intake) ( 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Studies in human subjects show variable effects with alterations of dietary sucrose intake when using simple measures of insulin sensitivity ( 16 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • For example, a 2004 study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry found that a higher dietary intake of refined sugar and dairy products predicted a worse 2-year outcome of schizophrenia. (mercola.com)
  • 25 kg/m 2 according to quintile of dietary intake or excretion and trend per quintile adjusted for sex and 5-y age band. (aacrjournals.org)
  • According to the team, previous research has identified a link between dietary sugar intake and risk of breast cancer , with some studies suggesting inflammation may play an important role. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • With this in mind, the team set out to assess how sugar intake influenced breast cancer development in mice that were randomized to various diets, including a sucrose-enriched diet, a fructose-enriched diet and a starch-control diet. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • According to the researchers, the amount of sucrose and fructose the mice consumed was comparable to that found in a typical Western diet - characterized by high intake of refined sugars, saturated fat and red meat, and low intake of fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • What is more, the researchers found that the mice fed a sucrose- or fructose-enriched diet had significantly more tumors on the lungs than those fed the starch-control diet, suggesting high sugar intake speeds up breast cancer metastasis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The proportion of each FA absorbed and metabolized by the body depends on our food sources and dietary intake. (frontiersin.org)
  • Dietary intake of fructose and sucrose can cause development of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Similarly, a randomized trial fraction of dietary refined carbohydrates that can comparing sweetened and artificially sweetened bev- obviously be manipulated over a wide range, similar erages in overweight individuals showed a significantly to the case of added sodium. (yudu.com)
  • These data will form the basis for future aetiological analyses of the role of dietary carbohydrates in influencing health and disease. (nih.gov)
  • We conclude that the normal added sugars in the human diet (for example, sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup and isoglucose) when consumed within the normal range of normal human consumption or substituted isoenergetically for other carbohydrates, do not appear to cause a unique risk of obesity, diabetes or cardiovascular disease. (nature.com)
  • Among the major carbohydrates in the diet complex carbohydrates (e.g., starches) and simple sugars (e.g., sucrose and lactose) sucrose appears to have the greatest cariogenic potential. (nap.edu)
  • Starch and sucrose are the most common sources of dietary carbohydrates. (hindawi.com)
  • Human maltase-glucoamylase (MGAM) and sucrase-isomaltase (SI) [ 6 ] are the small intestinal brush border glucosidases responsible for final digestion of dietary carbohydrates prior to their absorption. (hindawi.com)
  • 2010. Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for carbohydrates and dietary fibre . (cambridge.org)
  • Background: Dietary carbohydrates, glycemic load and glycemic index have been hypothesized to influence pancreatic cancer risk, but epidemiological studies have been inconsistent. (scribd.com)
  • Conclusions: This meta-analysis does not support an association between diets high in glycemic index, glycemic load, total carbohydrates or sucrose and pancreatic cancer risk. (scribd.com)
  • Dietary factors have been whether specific types of carbohydrates (e.g. fructose, glucose or sucrose) are associated with pancreatic cancer risk. (scribd.com)
  • Sucrose and starches are the predominant dietary carbohydrates in modern societies. (vegsource.com)
  • This complex is essential for the digestion of dietary carbohydrates including starch, sucrose and isomaltose. (genecards.org)
  • 3% of energy was derived from sucrose, and carbohydrate energy came primarily from starch. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • At day 28, mean plasma glucose values for the sucrose diet were 9.6 ± 0.5 mM and for the starch diet were 9.4 ± 0.6 mM ( P = 0.63). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Replacing dietary starch with sugar has been reported to improve production in dairy cows. (usda.gov)
  • or 4) 0% starch, 7.5% sucrose. (usda.gov)
  • Compared with mice fed the starch-control diet, those fed the sucrose- and fructose-enriched diets were more likely to develop breast cancer. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • At the age of 6 months, for example, the team found 30% of the mice fed the starch-control diet had breast cancer tumors, compared with 50-58% fed the sucrose-enriched diet. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • While the causal relationship between sucrose and dental caries development is indisputable, the relationship between food starch and dental caries continues to be debated and is the topic of this review. (vegsource.com)
  • Failure to absorb dietary sucrose and starch may impact the absorption of other nutrients and the hormonal regulation of gastrointestinal function. (amazonaws.com)
  • Genetic Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (GSID), also known as Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID), is a disorder that causes a reduction of the enzyme activity needed to break down and absorb table sugar (sucrose) and other sugars from starch. (amazonaws.com)
  • Our novel finding on the association of starch, sucrose and xenobiotic metabolism pathway with longevity is consistent with the previous results from Drosophilia. (nature.com)
  • In one diet, 19% of energy was derived from sucrose. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Conclusions- A high sucrose diet did not adversely affect glycemia or lipemia in type II diabetic subjects. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • After the low sucrose diet, we observed a significant drop in the average urinary excretion of sucrose, glucose, and fructose determined at four different times (8:00 and 10:00 a.m. (aacrjournals.org)
  • 1. Male and female baboons were fed a 75% sucrose/fat free diet for 13 weeks. (clinsci.org)
  • The impairment of fructose tolerance as a result of the sucrose diet was more marked in the males than in the females. (clinsci.org)
  • 4. A cause-and-effect relationship between fructose tolerance and triglyceride specific activity was demonstrated by means of a high sucrose diet. (clinsci.org)
  • High-fat diet-induced obese mice have become a widely used model for testing hypotheses about how obesity increases the risk of osteoarthritis, but progress has been limited by variation in disease severity, with some reports concluding that dietary treatment alone is insufficient to induce osteoarthritis in mice. (biologists.org)
  • We hypothesized that increased sucrose content of typical low-fat control diets contributes to osteoarthritis pathology and thus alters outcomes when evaluating the effects of a high-fat diet. (biologists.org)
  • Supplementing inulin to a high-fat and high-sucrose diet (HF) ameliorated hypertriglycemia and hepatic steatosis in 8-week-fed rats by suppressing elevated levels of serum triacylglycerols, fatty acids, and glucose, and the accumulation of hepatic triacylglycerols and fatty acids. (aspetjournals.org)
  • They also tended to receive more vitamin E, niacin, calcium, iron, zinc, and dietary fiber than children who consumed a high sucrose diet. (nih.gov)
  • Growing evidence suggests excess consumption of sugar may play an important role, yet we showed previously in mice that consuming up to 30% of calories as sucrose in the diet had no impact on weight regulation. (raypeatforum.com)
  • To study mechanosensor- and vascular function in humans, twelve young healthy male subjects supplemented their diet with 3 × 75 g sucrose day(-1) for 14 days in a randomized cross-over design. (ku.dk)
  • To address this question, here we examined multiple physiological systems in male C57BL/6J mice following prolonged exposure to a high-fat/high-sucrose diet (HFHSD). (edu.au)
  • The effect of diet containing 65% sucrose and a diet containing 30% butter fat on liver lipid and total proteins were studied in experimental rats . (bvsalud.org)
  • These observations indicate that the effect of dietary sodium on blood pressure is modulated by other components of the diet. (biomedsearch.com)
  • BIOLOGICAL DATA 2.2 Toxicological studies 2.2.2 Short-term studies 2.2.2.1 Dogs Groups of three male and three female beagle dogs received in their diet sucrose esters of mixed stearic and palmitic acids at concentrations of 0.3%, 1% or 3% daily for 26 weeks. (inchem.org)
  • 1979). 2.2.3 Long-term/carcinogenicity studies 2.2.3.1 Mice Groups of 21 male and 21 female ddY mice were fed on a diet containing 0, 0.3 or 3% sucrose ester for 76 weeks. (inchem.org)
  • One small study in seven subjects without diabetes demonstrated that a high-glycemic index diet (25% sucrose) was associated with detrimental effects on insulin sensitivity compared with a low-glycemic index diet (1.2% sucrose) over 4-week dietary periods ( 17 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • It is often assumed that a high-sucrose diet will have a high glycemic index but certain high-sucrose foods may have comparable glycemic indexes to starchy foods (e.g., a carbonated orange drink and a mashed potato). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Moreover, a high-fat/high-sucrose diet elicited more severe glucose intolerance than that recorded in normal animals. (cnrs.fr)
  • To describe dietary carbohydrate intakes and their food sources among 27 centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. (nih.gov)
  • Dietary carbohydrate intakes and in particular their food sources varied considerably between these 10 European countries. (nih.gov)
  • The long-term impact of dietary carbohydrate type, in particular sucrose, on insulin resistance and the development of diabetes and atherosclerosis is not established. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In particular, while there is evidence regarding the effect of different dietary caloric balances and macronutrient profiles, there is a lack of evidence regarding aspects of carbohydrate quality. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and case-control studies demonstrate no consistent association between dietary carbohydrate type and risk of diabetes ( 13 , 14 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Nutritional recommendations for insulin resistance remain an area of controversy, particularly the quantity and types of dietary carbohydrate. (cambridge.org)
  • The present review gives an overview of insulin resistance, its relationship to impaired insulin secretion and the metabolic syndrome, research methodologies used to measure insulin action and the epidemiological and intervention studies on the relationship between dietary carbohydrate and insulin resistance. (cambridge.org)
  • Epidemiological studies provide little evidence to suggest that total dietary carbohydrate predicts risk of type 2 diabetes, and high-carbohydrate, high-fibre diets with low-glycaemic index (GI) may even contribute to diabetes prevention. (cambridge.org)
  • Despite inherent limitations associated with techniques used to measure insulin resistance and dietary assessment, most intervention studies reveal an increase in glucose tolerance or insulin sensitivity with high-carbohydrate, low-fat diets in non-diabetic and diabetic individuals. (cambridge.org)
  • Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Digestion of dietary carbohydrate . (genecards.org)
  • The dietary monosaccharides include. (bartleby.com)
  • Sucrose is common sugar.It is a disaccharide, a molecule composed of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose.Sucrose is produced naturally in plants, from which table sugar is refined. (reference.com)
  • with monosaccharides dominant at low concentrations and oligosaccharides dominant at high concentrations of dietary sucrose. (biologists.org)
  • This includes added sugars like glucose, fructose (made from fruit), lactose (made from milk), sucrose (granulated, brown, raw, and powdered sugar), and maltose (made from malt barley and other starches). (dietitian.com)
  • Other dietary sugars such as sucrose and lactose (both disaccharides) are broken down further by different carbohydrase enzymes. (amazonaws.com)
  • Sucrose-related microbial population shifts were evaluated at 6 oral sites in 22 volunteers, who consumed high-sucrose diets for 21 days followed by low-sucrose diets for 21 days. (nih.gov)
  • We tested this hypothesis in male C57BL/6J mice by comparing the effect of purified diets that independently varied sucrose or fat content from 6 to 26 weeks of age. (biologists.org)
  • We found that the relative content of sucrose versus cornstarch in low-fat iso-caloric purified diets caused substantial differences in serum metabolites, joint pathology, and cartilage metabolic and stress-response pathways despite no differences in body mass or body fat. (biologists.org)
  • This article discusses metabolic derangements induced by high-fructose/sucrose diets and presents evidence for the involvement of insulin resistance in sporadic Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis. (isharonline.org)
  • By contrast, sucrose-enriched diets doubled the amount of Wolbachia in ovarian cells. (prolekare.cz)
  • Interventional studies in animal models, however, strongly link high-fructose and -sucrose diets to decreased insulin sensitivity and hyperlipidemia, as well as obesity. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • For insects reared on chemically defined diets containing 0.15-1.0 mol l-1 sucrose (osmotic pressure 1.1-4.0 MPa), the osmotic pressure of the aphid haemolymph did not vary with dietary osmotic pressure, but was regulated to approximately 1.0 MPa in untreated and 1.3 MPa in antibiotic-treated aphids. (biologists.org)
  • The sucrose intervention led to a reduced flow response to passive movement (by 17 ± 2 %) and to 12 watts of active exercise (by 9 ± 1 %), indicating impaired vascular function. (ku.dk)
  • Yu-Poth S, Hao G, Etherton T, Nagiak M, Jonnalagadda S, and Kris-Etherton PM. Effects of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Step 1 and Step II dietary intervention programs on cardiovascular disease risk factors: A meta-analysis. (springer.com)
  • The association between dietary sucrose consumption and microbial population shifts at six oral sites in man. (nih.gov)
  • For human consumption, sucrose is extracted, and refined, from either sugar cane or sugar beet . (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumption of sucrose-sweetened water, but not equivalent levels of solid sucrose, led to body fat gain in C57BL/6 mice. (raypeatforum.com)
  • Our data support the suggestion that consumption of liquid sucrose may be an important contributor to dysregulation of body weight and related metabolic syndromes. (raypeatforum.com)
  • Sucrose consumption in solid form, even when comprising 73% of ingested calories, did not induce adiposity. (obesityweek.com)
  • He gained an international reputation for his book Pure, White and Deadly (1972), which warned that the consumption of sugar (sucrose, which consists of fructose and glucose) is dangerous to health, an argument he had made since at least 1957. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence-based review on the effect of normal dietary consumption of fructose on development of hyperlipidemia and obesity in healthy, normal weight individuals. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, and fructose, their metabolism and potential health effects: what do we really know? (nature.com)
  • Dietary treatment with either paraffin, squalane or SPE markedly enhanced faecal excretion of [14C]HCB, whereas urinary excretion was not affected. (meta.org)
  • Genetic and dietary factors in urinary citrate excretion. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These results therefore cannot be extrapolated to humans taking more palatable levels of sucrose or fructose. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Previous studies have suggested that interventions to lower dietary fat content and improved fat quality lead to a compensatory increase in sucrose content. (nih.gov)
  • Does the US Dietary Guidelines call for less than 10% of calories from sugar mean sucrose, naturally occurring sugars or all sugars? (dietitian.com)
  • Consequently, mice fed solid sucrose were leaner and metabolically healthier. (obesityweek.com)
  • The expression of the hepatic insulin receptor substrate 2 (Irs2) was repressed, correlated with a higher circulating serum insulin level and impaired glucose homeostasis in liquid sucrose fed mice. (obesityweek.com)
  • Dietary sucrose was delivered in solid (as part of a standard pelleted rodent chow) and liquid (in drinking water) to C57BL/6 mice for 8 weeks. (raypeatforum.com)
  • The influence of dietary lipid composition on liver mitochondria from mice following 1 month of calorie restriction. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The influence of dietary fats on serum-lipid levels in man. (springer.com)
  • Dietary Sources of Energy, Solid Fats, and Added Sugars Among Children and Adolescents in the United States. (westonaprice.org)
  • We also found that higher dietary fat increased fatty acid metabolic enzymes in cartilage. (biologists.org)
  • Dietary combination of sucrose and linoleic acid causes skeletal muscle metabolic abnormalities in Zucker fatty rats through specific modification of fatty acid composition. (harvard.edu)
  • Additional toxicological data on sucrose esters of fatty acids were available and are summarized and discussed in the following monograph addenda. (inchem.org)
  • The most common dietary lipids are triglycerides, which are made up of a glycerol molecule bound to three fatty acid chains. (amazonaws.com)
  • Name and classification of the most common dietary fatty acids (FA). (frontiersin.org)
  • introduction hypothesized to be involved in the etiology of pancreatic cancer, but to date no convincing dietary risk factors for Pancreatic cancer is the ninth most common cause of cancer pancreatic cancer have been established [8]. (scribd.com)
  • RECENT FINDINGS: There has been much concern regarding the role of dietary sugars (fructose/sucrose) in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). (isharonline.org)
  • Further studies in type 2 diabetes have shown either no effect or a detrimental effect of increased dietary sucrose, but these studies have been either small or of short duration ( 18 - 20 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Studies in animals have documented that, compared with glucose, dietary fructose induces dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. (isharonline.org)
  • In conclusion, dietary HFCS causes vascular insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction through attenuating IRS-1 and eNOS expressions as well as increasing iNOS in rats. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Table sugar' or 'granulated sugar' refers to sucrose, a disaccharide of glucose and fructose. (reference.com)
  • The altered metabolic homeostasis was mostly attributable to body fatness rather than directly to energy input from sucrose. (obesityweek.com)
  • Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes? (nature.com)
  • Dietary fibre is considered by some to be helpful in the prevention of many of the diseases of Western civilization, such as diverticulosis, constipation, appendicitis, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A sucrose intolerance hydrogen breath test or genetic testing may aid in the diagnosis of GSID. (amazonaws.com)
  • The fiber will be provided in small packets containing 2.5 g of fiber and 2.5 g sucrose (treatment) or 5 g of sucrose (placebo). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 1 During the next step of purification the whole grain flour is sifted to remove the chaff, thereby eliminating dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals and other important nutrients. (drmcdougall.com)
  • Is sugar in the US Dietary Guidelines for added sugars or just sucrose? (dietitian.com)
  • Home Eating Healthy Food Labels & Nutrition Facts Is sugar in the US Dietary Guidelines for added sugars or just. (dietitian.com)
  • If you read food labels in grocery stores, you are aware that sugar or sucrose is not the only added sugar in foods. (dietitian.com)
  • The interplay among dietary fat, sugar, protein and aÁai (Euterpe oleracea Mart. (isharonline.org)
  • Here we employed a nutritional geometry approach to investigate the interplay among dietary fat, sugar, protein and antioxidant- and polyphenolic-rich freeze-dried aÁai pulp in modulating lifespan and reproductive output in the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew). (isharonline.org)
  • Sucrose is common table sugar . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sucrose is produced naturally in plants, from which table sugar is refined. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sugar mills are located where sugar cane is grown to crush the cane and produce raw sugar which is shipped around the world for refining into pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sugar mills also process the raw sugar into pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The by-now clear sugar syrup is then concentrated by boiling under a vacuum and crystallized as the final purification process to produce crystals of pure sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • The word "sucrose" was coined in 1857 by the English chemist William Miller [6] from the French sucre ("sugar") and the generic chemical suffix for sugars -ose . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sucrose is a naturally occurring sugar that is made up of a single glucose and single fructose molecule. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In fact, sugar-sweetened beverages are a marker of an unhealthy lifestyle and their drinkers consume more calories, exercise less, smoke more and have a poor dietary pattern. (chemweb.com)
  • Compelling evidence has produced a clear medical consensus that excess dietary sugar is a leading driver of those degenerative diseases. (vitalchoice.com)
  • Sucrose is the chemical name of the only sugar in sugar cane. (vitalchoice.com)
  • Table sugar is the common name for a sugar known as sucrose. (reference.com)
  • Rather sugar is a composition of elements, for sucrose (common table sugar) that is 12 Carbon atoms, 22 Hydrogen atoms, and 11 Oxygen atoms, or C12H22O11. (reference.com)
  • Although cane sugar, or sucrose, differs slightly from fructose in terms of molecular structure, both are sugars that add calories without improving the nutritional composition of the food. (reference.com)
  • In the gut, table sugar (sucrose) is split into its two component parts (fructose and glucose) before it enters the bloodstream. (reference.com)
  • We reanalyzed the 24 h recall dietary data collected for 4721 adults aged 15 years and over participating in the nationally representative 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey to estimate free and added sugar intakes. (mdpi.com)
  • Sucraid® (sacrosidase) Oral Solution is the only FDA-approved enzyme replacement therapy that facilitates breakdown of sucrose (sugar) into simpler forms for absorption from the intestine into the blood. (amazonaws.com)
  • Sucrase is an enzyme produced in the small intestine that aids in the breakdown of sucrose (table sugar) into glucose and fructose, which are used by the body as fuel. (amazonaws.com)
  • Sucrose is the only sugar that bacteria can use to form this sticky polysaccharide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Effect of Dietary Wheat Bran on Sucrose-induced Changes of Serum Glucose and Lipids in Rats. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Highly refined foods, such as sucrose, contain no dietary fibre. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Objective- To assess in diabetic subjects the effects of dietary sucrose on glycemia and lipemia. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Subjects were categorised as 'watchers' or 'non-watchers' of what they ate then received sucrose or artificially sweetened drinks (4 × 250 ml per d). (qmu.ac.uk)
  • It is concluded that sucrose satiates, rather than stimulates, appetite or negative mood in normal-weight subjects. (qmu.ac.uk)
  • Between 1995 and 2000, 36 034 subjects, aged between 35-74 years, were administered a standardized, 24-h dietary recall using a computerized interview software programme (EPIC-SOFT). (nih.gov)
  • Dietary sodium and blood pressure: interactions with other nutrients. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Specifically, we determined whether dietary nutrients affect the amount of Wolbachia bacteria carried by female flies. (prolekare.cz)
  • Positive responses normally correlated with improved ruminal N efficiency that were altered by sucrose feeding were not associated with increased protein secretion in this trial. (usda.gov)
  • Fructose occurs naturally in fruits - although most contain more sucrose than fructose - and it's a perfectly safe source of energy when it's part of a fruit or any whole food. (vitalchoice.com)
  • To find out what happens, if humans' only available source of liquid is a 50% sucrose solution? (raypeatforum.com)
  • The U.S. Dietary Guidelines is targeting sugars added to food by manufacturers of processed and packaged foods as well as sugars you add to food before you eat which is under your control. (dietitian.com)
  • 3. By labelling the sucrose meals uniformly with 14 C, a correlation was observed between the level of peripheral blood fructose attained and the degree to which 14 C-triglyceride appeared in the serum. (clinsci.org)
  • Fructose is a monosaccharide that is present in high concentrations in fruit and honey and is a constituent of sucrose and sorbitol. (merckmanuals.com)
  • long-term treatment is exclusion of dietary fructose, sucrose, and sorbitol. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Neither dietary restraint status as measured by the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire nor the expectancy procedure had effects. (qmu.ac.uk)
  • Iron sucrose injection may cause side effects. (medlineplus.gov)
  • He is on the Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee for Nutrition Therapy of both the CDA and EASD, as well as the ASN writing panel for a scientific statement on the metabolic and nutritional effects of fructose, sucrose and high fructose corn syrup. (springer.com)
  • The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of dietary vitamins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most regulatory genes for these pathways are absent, raising the question of whether and how transcription of these genes responds to the major shifts in dietary amino acid content encountered by aphids. (asm.org)
  • The Impact of Sucrose Ingestion Post-Exercise on Liver and Muscle Glycogen Repletion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Therefore the aim of this study is to assess whether relative high amounts of sucrose ingestion will improve liver and muscle glycogen repletion after endurance exercise. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Retinoids are converted to retinol in the intestines and transported with dietary fat to the liver, where it is stored. (encyclopedia.com)
  • They are absorbed from the small intestines , along with dietary fat, which is why fat malabsorption resulting from various diseases (e.g., cystic fibrosis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease) is associated with poor absorption of these vitamins. (encyclopedia.com)

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