Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A diet that contains limited amounts of protein. It is prescribed in some cases to slow the progression of renal failure. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Proteins which are present in or isolated from vegetables or vegetable products used as food. The concept is distinguished from PLANT PROTEINS which refers to non-dietary proteins from plants.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
The consumption of edible substances.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Prolamins in the endosperm of SEEDS from the Triticeae tribe which includes species of WHEAT; BARLEY; and RYE.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
Potassium or potassium compounds used in foods or as foods.
Stable nitrogen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element nitrogen, but differ in atomic weight. N-15 is a stable nitrogen isotope.
Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
An essential branched-chain amino acid important for hemoglobin formation.
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
A major protein fraction of milk obtained from the WHEY.
The major protein constituents of milk are CASEINS and whey proteins such as LACTALBUMIN and LACTOGLOBULINS. IMMUNOGLOBULINS occur in high concentrations in COLOSTRUM and in relatively lower concentrations in milk. (Singleton and Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p554)
Proteins found in eggs which are consumed as a food.
The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
An essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Glucose in blood.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
Complete or severe loss of the subjective sense of taste, frequently accompanied by OLFACTION DISORDERS.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
A sulfur-containing essential L-amino acid that is important in many body functions.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).
The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A conditionally essential nutrient, important during mammalian development. It is present in milk but is isolated mostly from ox bile and strongly conjugates bile acids.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A polypeptide that is secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Growth hormone, also known as somatotropin, stimulates mitosis, cell differentiation and cell growth. Species-specific growth hormones have been synthesized.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
An essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of MELANIN; DOPAMINE; noradrenalin (NOREPINEPHRINE), and THYROXINE.
The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.
Amino acids which have a branched carbon chain.
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
Histidine substituted in any position with one or more methyl groups.
Any of the large interior organs in any one of the three great cavities of the body, especially in the abdomen.
Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.
The selection of one food over another.
A flour made of pulverized, dried fish or fish parts.
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Stable carbon atoms that have the same atomic number as the element carbon, but differ in atomic weight. C-13 is a stable carbon isotope.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.
Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.
A major protein in the BLOOD. It is important in maintaining the colloidal osmotic pressure and transporting large organic molecules.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Progressive decline in muscle mass due to aging which results in decreased functional capacity of muscles.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Disruptions of the rhythmic cycle of bodily functions or activities.
A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
A powder that dissolves in water, which is administered orally, and is used as a diuretic, expectorant, systemic alkalizer, and electrolyte replenisher.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A TETRACYCLINE with a 7-chloro substitution.
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
A PYRIDOXAL-phosphate containing enzyme that catalyzes the dehydration and deamination of L-serine to form pyruvate. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
The catabolic product of most of VITAMIN B 6; (PYRIDOXINE; PYRIDOXAL; and PYRIDOXAMINE) which is excreted in the urine.
Lengthy and continuous deprivation of food. (Stedman, 25th ed)
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
Food products manufactured from poultry.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
A pyridoxal phosphate enzyme that catalyzes the formation of glutamate gamma-semialdehyde and an L-amino acid from L-ornithine and a 2-keto-acid. EC
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
A plant species of the family POACEAE that is widely cultivated for its edible seeds.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
A covalently linked dimeric nonessential amino acid formed by the oxidation of CYSTEINE. Two molecules of cysteine are joined together by a disulfide bridge to form cystine.
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
Abstaining from all food.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.
A well-characterized basic peptide believed to be secreted by the liver and to circulate in the blood. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like, and mitogenic activities. This growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on GROWTH HORMONE. It is believed to be mainly active in adults in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR II, which is a major fetal growth factor.
Oxidoreductases that are specific for KETONES.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-CYSTEINE to 3-sulfinoalanine (3-sulfino-L-alanine) in the CYSTEINE metabolism and TAURINE and hypotaurine metabolic pathways.
Inorganic salts of sulfuric acid.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
A ketone oxidoreductase that catalyzes the overall conversion of alpha-keto acids to ACYL-CoA and CO2. The enzyme requires THIAMINE DIPHOSPHATE as a cofactor. Defects in genes that code for subunits of the enzyme are a cause of MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE. The enzyme was formerly classified as EC
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
A potent hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic mycotoxin produced by the Aspergillus flavus group of fungi. It is also mutagenic, teratogenic, and causes immunosuppression in animals. It is found as a contaminant in peanuts, cottonseed meal, corn, and other grains. The mycotoxin requires epoxidation to aflatoxin B1 2,3-oxide for activation. Microsomal monooxygenases biotransform the toxin to the less toxic metabolites aflatoxin M1 and Q1.
Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.
A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.

Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population. (1/4907)

OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. PARTICIPANTS: Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women). METHOD: A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits. Information was obtained by interview. RESULTS: Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age. Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of < or = 300 mg; 60% had a fat intake < or = 30% of total energy; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats < or = 10%; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health. Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age. Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. The awareness of the value of wholemeal bread and polyunsaturated fat spreads was lower in this population compared with that in Australia. There was a marked difference in types of cooking oil compared with Singaporeans, the latter using more coconut/palm/mixed vegetable oils. CONCLUSION: Although the current intake pattern for cardiovascular health for fat, saturated fatty acid, and cholesterol fall within the recommended range for over 50% of the population, follow up surveys to monitor the pattern would be needed. Decreasing salt consumption, increasing calcium intake, and increasing the awareness of the health value of fibre may all be beneficial in the context of chronic disease prevention.  (+info)

Prior protein intake may affect phenylalanine kinetics measured in healthy adult volunteers consuming 1 g protein. kg-1. d-1. (2/4907)

Study of the amino acid metabolism of vulnerable groups, such as pregnant women, children and patients, is needed. Our existing protocol is preceded by 2 d of adaptation to a low 13C formula diet at a protein intake of 1 g. kg-1. d-1 to minimize variations in breath 13CO2 enrichment and protein metabolism. To expand on our potential study populations, a less invasive protocol needs to be developed. We have already established that a stable background 13CO2 enrichment can be achieved on the study day without prior adaptation to the low 13C formula. Therefore, this study investigates phenylalanine kinetics in response to variations in prior protein intake. Healthy adult subjects were each fed nutritionally adequate mixed diets containing 0.8, 1.4 and 2.0 g protein. kg-1. d-1 for 2 d. On d 3, subjects consumed an amino acid-based formula diet containing the equivalent of 1 g protein. kg-1. d-1 hourly for 10 h and primed hourly oral doses of L-[1-13C]phenylalanine for the final 6 h. Phenylalanine kinetics were calculated from plasma-free phenylalanine enrichment and breath 13CO2 excretion. A significant quadratic response of prior protein intake on phenylalanine flux (P = 0.012) and oxidation (P = 0.009) was identified, such that both variables were lower following adaptation to a protein intake of 1.4 g. kg-1. d-1. We conclude that variations in protein intake, between 0.8 and 2.0 g. kg-1. d-1, prior to the study day may affect amino acid kinetics and; therefore, it is prudent to continue to control protein intake prior to an amino acid kinetics study.  (+info)

Lysine deficiency alters diet selection without depressing food intake in rats. (3/4907)

Under states of protein deficiency, the dietary limiting amino acid, rather than protein content, can act as the dietary stimulus to control diet selection. If fact, threonine-deficient rats will alter their diet selection patterns solely on the basis of very small changes (0.009 g/100 g) in the dietary threonine concentration. In these studies, we assessed whether lysine-deficient rats will also alter their diet selection patterns on the basis of small changes in dietary Lys concentration. In all experiments, growing rats were adapted to diets in which the protein fraction (purified amino acids or wheat gluten) was limiting in Lys. They were then given a choice between the adaptation diet (AD) diet and a slightly more deficient diet. Rats that were adapted to a Lys-deficient diet (0.25 g Lys/100 g) selected their AD over diets containing as little as 0.01% less Lys (P < 0.01) within 5 d. To determine how deficient rats must be before they alter their selection patterns, rats were adapted to diets containing various levels of Lys, i.e., 2 levels below the requirement for growth and 2 levels above the requirement for growth, but below the requirement for maximal nitrogen retention. Only rats adapted to diets containing Lys below their requirement for growth selected their AD over a diet containing 0.05% less Lys (P < 0.005). Finally, to determine whether rats will alter their selection to whole protein-based diets, rats were adapted to 25% wheat gluten diets supplemented with 0.03-0.21% Lys. Rats selected the AD over a diet containing as little as 0.09% less supplemental Lys by d 4 of the trial (P < 0.05). We conclude that rats are sensitive to changes as small as 0.01% in dietary Lys concentration, but that sensitivity requires prior adaptation to Lys-deficient diets.  (+info)

Ruminally undegraded intake protein in sheep fed low-quality forage: effect on weight, growth, cell proliferation, and morphology of visceral organs. (4/4907)

To determine the influence of increasing levels of supplemental ruminally undegraded intake protein (UIP) on visceral organ weights, growth, cell proliferation, and morphology, 20 mature ewes of mixed breeding were fed a 6.55% CP grass hay:straw mixture (40:60) and assigned to one of four supplemental treatments. Supplements were control (no supplement) and low, medium, and high levels of UIP. After 42 to 46 d on treatment, ewes were infused i.v. with 5-bromo-2-deoxy-uridine (BrdU, a thymidine analog used to provide an index of the rate of intestinal cell proliferation) and slaughtered 1 h later. Visceral organs were weighed, and subsamples were obtained to evaluate visceral DNA, RNA, and protein contents (frozen samples) as well as intestinal morphology (fixed samples). Final BW; eviscerated BW (EBW); total visceral weight; and liver fresh, dry, and dry fat-free weights were increased (P<.10) in protein-supplemented ewes compared with controls, but were not influenced by increasing levels of UIP. Tissue weights of duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, and colon were not greatly influenced by treatment. There were no differences among treatments in intestinal DNA and protein concentrations and the ratios RNA:DNA and protein:DNA. Jejunal RNA concentration and content was increased (P<.10) in low compared with medium and high treatments. Jejunal RNA content also was decreased (P<.10) in high compared with the medium UIP treatment. Liver RNA and protein contents were increased (P<.10) with protein supplementation. In contrast, contents of RNA, DNA, and protein in duodenum, ileum, cecum, and colon were not influenced by treatment. In addition, neither the rate of intestinal proliferation (BrdU labeling) nor intestinal morphology (crypt depth, villus length, or villus width) were affected by treatment. These data indicate that the influence of protein supplementation on visceral growth involves primarily the liver and not the intestines. These data also indicate that visceral growth, except in jejunum, are not altered by differing levels of UIP supplementation.  (+info)

Fermentation substrate and dilution rate interact to affect microbial growth and efficiency. (5/4907)

The effect of dilution rate (D) on carbohydrate, fibrous and nonfibrous, and protein fermentation by ruminal microorganisms was studied using a single-effluent continuous-culture system. The diets of fibrous carbohydrate, nonfibrous carbohydrate, or protein were formulated with soybean hulls (FC), ground corn (NFC), or isolated soy protein (PR) as the primary ingredient, respectively. Six dilution rates (.025, .050, .075, .10, .15, and .20/h of fermenter volume) were used. Digestibilities of DM, OM, and CP for the three diets and of NDF and ADF for the FC diet decreased (P<.001) as D increased, although the response of the digestibility to D varied with diet. Increasing D resulted in an increase in pH (P<.001) and a decrease (P<.001) in ammonia concentration. Daily volatile fatty acid production increased (quadratic; P<.01) for the FC and NFC diets, but decreased (quadratic; P<.001) for the PR diet. Increasing D quadratically increased (P<.001) the molar percentage of acetate and propionate, but quadratically decreased (P<.001) butyrate and valerate for the FC and NFC diets. For the PR diet, the molar percentage of propionate and valerate increased (quadratic; P<.01), whereas acetate and butyrate decreased (linear; P<.001) in response to increasing D. Molar percentage of isobutyrate and isovalerate decreased (P<.01) with increasing D for all three diets. As D increased, daily microbial N production showed quadratic responses with maximum values achieved at .126, .143, and .187/h D for the FC, NFC, and PR diet, respectively. There was a positive correlation between microbial growth efficiency (MOEFF) and D. A quadratic model fit the data of MOEFF as affected by D, and maximum MOEFF of 37.3, 59.6, and 71.4 g of bacterial N/kg OM truly fermented were calculated to be achieved at .177, .314, and .207/h D for the FC, NFC, and PR diet, respectively. Dilution rate significantly influenced the ruminal microbial fermentation of fibrous and nonfibrous carbohydrates and proteins, and was positively related to microbial yield and growth efficiency. In addition, microbial nitrogen composition, and therefore efficiency, was affected by substrate fermented.  (+info)

Nitrogen retention by lambs fed oscillating dietary protein concentrations. (6/4907)

Nitrogen excreted by beef cattle can be retained in manure or lost by volatilization to the atmosphere or by runoff and percolation into surface or ground water. Increasing the retention of dietary N should decrease environmental losses. To this end, the effects of oscillating concentrations of dietary CP on nutrient retention were determined using lambs fed a 90% concentrate diet. Ten St. Croix lambs (average BW = 27 kg) were used in two 5x5 Latin square experiments. Dietary treatments were as follows: 1) 10% CP, 2) 12.5% CP, 3) 15% CP, 4) 10% and 15% CP diets oscillated at 24-h intervals, and 5) 10% and 15% CP diets oscillated at 48-h intervals. Supplemental N was provided by cottonseed meal in Trial 1 and by a 50:50 (N basis) blend of cottonseed meal and urea in Trial 2. Each period of the Latin square lasted 35 d, with excreta collection the final 8 d. Nitrogen retention increased linearly (P<.01) with increasing N intake in both trials (.77, 1.33, and 1.89 g/d for 10, 12.5, and 15% CP, respectively, in Trial 1; .94, 1.78, and 2.19 g/d for 10, 12.5, and 15% CP, respectively, in Trial 2). Compared with continuously feeding the 12.5% CP diet, oscillating the 10 and 15% CP diets on a 24-h basis did not affect N retention (P>.10) in either trial (1.62 and 1.56 g/d for Trials 1 and 2, respectively). Oscillating dietary CP at 48-h intervals did not affect N retention in Trial 2 (1.82 g/d) but increased (P<.05) N retention by 38% in Trial 1 (1.87 g/d). Phosphorus, K, and Na retention and excretion were not affected by dietary treatments in Trial 1. In Trial 2, P retention increased (linear, P<.05) with increasing dietary CP and was greater (P<.05) in lambs on the 48-h oscillation treatment than in lambs fed the 12.5% CP diet. These results suggest that oscillating the dietary CP concentrations might potentially increase the utilization of N by ruminants fed high-concentrate diets.  (+info)

Hormone-related, muscle-specific changes in protein metabolism and fiber type profile after faba bean intake. (7/4907)

Male growing Wistar rats were fed, over 15 days, isoenergetic (16.72 +/- 0.49 MJ) and isoproteic (11%) diets containing either lactalbumin or raw Vicia faba L. (Vf) as the sole source of protein. Compared with pair-fed controls (PF), soleus muscles of Vf-fed rats showed increased (P < 0.05) synthesis and breakdown rates. In addition, the soleus of Vf-fed rats displayed a decrease (P < 0.05) in type I and an increase (P < 0.01) in type IIc fibers compared with that of PF animals. On the contrary, extensor digitorum longus muscles of both Vf-fed and PF rats showed an increase (P < 0.01) in type I and a reduction (P < 0.05) in type IIb fibers together with a decrease (P < 0.05) in the cross-sectional area of the latter fibers. Vf-fed rats exhibited a significant decrease in serum insulin (P < 0.05) and thyrotropin (P < 0.01) levels, together with an increase in plasma glucagon (P < 0.05) and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (P < 0.01) concentrations, compared with the PF group. Both Vf-fed and PF rats experienced an increase in corticosterone concentrations (P < 0.01 vs. control; P < 0.05 vs. PF). The muscle-specific changes in both protein metabolism and fiber type composition may partly depend on the hormonal changes that were observed after Vf intake.  (+info)

Lipoprotein(a) and dietary proteins: casein lowers lipoprotein(a) concentrations as compared with soy protein. (8/4907)

BACKGROUND: Substitution of soy protein for casein in the diet decreases LDL cholesterol and increases HDL cholesterol. How the 2 proteins affect lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of dietary soy protein and casein on plasma Lp(a) concentrations. DESIGN: Nine normolipidemic men were studied initially while consuming their habitual, self-selected diets, and then, in a crossover design, while consuming 2 liquid-formula diets containing either casein or soy protein. The dietary periods lasted 45 d (n = 7) or 33 d (n = 2). Fasting total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and Lp(a) concentrations were measured throughout. RESULTS: After 30 d of each diet, the mean concentration of Lp(a) was not significantly different after the soy-protein and self-selected diets. However, Lp(a) decreased by an average of 50% (P < 0.001) after the casein diet as compared with concentrations after both the soy-protein and self-selected diets. Two weeks after subjects switched from the self-selected to the soy-protein diet, Lp(a) increased by 20% (P = 0.065), but subsequently decreased to baseline. In contrast, the switch to the casein diet did not cause an increase in Lp(a), but instead a continuing decrease in mean concentrations to 65% below baseline (P < 0.0002). Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol were significantly lower > or =30 d after both the casein and soy-protein diets than after the self-selected diet (P < 0.001). HDL cholesterol was 11% higher after the soy-protein diet than after the casein diet (P < 0.002), but LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triacylglycerol were not significantly different after the casein and soy-protein diets. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that soy protein may have an Lp(a)-raising effect, potentially detrimental to its use in antiatherogenic diets.  (+info)

Kidneys produce ammonium to buffer and excrete acids through metabolism of glutamine. Expression of the glutamine transporter Slc38a3 (SNAT3) increases in kidney during metabolic acidosis (MA), suggesting a role during ammoniagenesis. Potassium depletion and high dietary protein intake are known to elevate renal ammonium excretion. In this study, we examined SNAT3, phosphate-dependent glutaminase (PDG), and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) regulation during a control (0.36%) or low-K(+) (0.02%) diet for 7 or 14 days or a control (20%) or high-protein (50%) diet for 7 days. MA was induced in control and low-K(+) groups by addition of NH(4)Cl. Urinary ammonium excretion increased during MA, after 14-day K(+) restriction alone, and during high protein intake. SNAT3, PDG, and PEPCK mRNA abundance were elevated during MA and after 14-day K(+) restriction but not during high protein intake. SNAT3 protein abundance was enhanced during MA (both control and low K(+)), after 14-day low-K(+) ...
BACKGROUND: High sugar and fat intakes are known to increase intrahepatocellular lipids (IHCLs) and to cause insulin resistance. High protein intake may facilitate weight loss and improve glucose homeostasis in insulin-resistant patients, but its effects on IHCLs remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess the effect of high protein intake on high-fat diet-induced IHCL accumulation and insulin sensitivity in healthy young men. DESIGN: Ten volunteers were studied in a crossover design after 4 d of either a hypercaloric high-fat (HF) diet; a hypercaloric high-fat, high-protein (HFHP) diet; or a control, isocaloric (control) diet. IHCLs were measured by (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy, fasting metabolism was measured by indirect calorimetry, insulin sensitivity was measured by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, and plasma concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; expression of key lipogenic genes was assessed in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - High protein intake accelerates glomerulosclerosis independent of effects on glomerular hemodynamics. AU - ODonnell, Michael P.. AU - Kasiske, Bertram L.. AU - Schmitz, Paul G.. AU - Keane, William F.. AU - Daniels, Frank. PY - 1990/5. Y1 - 1990/5. N2 - It is unclear whether glomerular hemodynumic changes always accompany alterations in dietary protein, and whether nonhemodynamic factors associated with a high protein intake can influence glomerular injury. In the present study, uninephrectomized (UNx) male rats were fed either standard (20%) or high (40%) protein diets. Body growth was comparable in the two diet groups. At 30 weeks of age, UNx rats fed high protein had increased albuminuria (36.7 ± 12.6 mg/24 hr), compared to UNx rats fed standard protein (10.2 ± 6.2 mg/24 hr; P , 0.05). The incidence of focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS) at 36 weeks was markedly increased in the high protein rats (19.0 ± 7.7%), compared to the standard protein rats (3.2 ± 2.0%; P , 0.05). ...
Effect of dietary protein level on retention of nutrients, growth performance, litter composition and NH3 emission using a multi-phase feeding programme in broilers
Effect of Methionine Source and Dietary Crude Protein Level on Growth Performance, Carcass Traits and Nutrient Retention in Chinese Color-feathered Chicks - Chinese Color-feathered Chicks;Methionine Source;Dietary Crude Protein;Growth Performance;Carcass Trait;Nutrient Retention;
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of The influence of dietary protein intake on progression of chronic renal failure in dogs.. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Dietary protein intake should be optimized in all athletes to ensure proper recovery and enhance the skeletal muscle adaptive response to exercise training. In addition to total protein intake, the use of specific protein-containing food sources and the distribution of protein throughout the day are relevant for optimizing protein intake in athletes. In the present study, we examined the daily intake and distribution of various protein-containing food sources in a large cohort of strength, endurance and team-sport athletes. Well-trained male (n=327) and female (n=226) athletes completed multiple web-based 24-hr dietary recalls over a 2-4 wk period. Total energy intake, the contribution of animal- and plant-based proteins to daily protein intake, and protein intake at six eating moments were determined. Daily protein intake averaged 108±33 and 90±24 g in men and women, respectively, which corresponded to relative intakes of 1.5±0.4 and 1.4±0.4 g/kg. Dietary protein intake was correlated with ...
The effect of dietary crude protein level, formaldehyde treated rapeseed (Canola) meal and dietary tyrosine supplementation on the performance of lactating dairy ...
Low Carbohydrate Diet Regular individuals who do not workout can eat reasonably high protein foods. On the other hand athletes and individuals on muscle building diets must consume at least 1gram per lb of bodyweight in order to construct muscle. A high protein diet plan is the staple of bodybuilders. Bodybuilding professional athletes constantly consist of a high protein food source in their daily diet. .. High protein foods you can consist of in your diet are: .. Turkey breast Chicken breast Lean cuts of red meat Lean cuts of pork Fish (most fish is high in protein) Eggs & & Egg Whites Skim Milk Low fat home cheese Protein powders & & barsWhether you are choosing bodybuilding or fat loss, a high protein diet strategy can definitely help you in any case. .. If you are attempting to construct muscle, you need a high protein intake in your everyday diet in order to recuperate from workouts and construct muscle tissue. Protein offers the foundation for muscle and without it muscle structure and ...
There is increasing public pressure on intensive dairy operations to reduce nitrogen (N) excretion into the environment, which can be achieved by adopting on-farm feeding practices that enhance the efficiency of N utilization. One such feeding strategy that has received attention is feeding diets with oscillating crude protein (CP) concentrations, and studies with finishing beef cattle and growing sheep have reported improvements in N retention when oscillating CP diets are fed compared to static CP diets. This experiment was conducted to determine: 1) the optimum frequency of oscillating dietary CP concentration (i.e., 24, 48, or 72 h); 2) the effects of feeding oscillating CP diets on feed intake, milk production and milk composition in dairy cows; and 3) the effects of feeding oscillating CP diets on ruminal fermentation characteristics (NH3, SCFA and pH), microbial protein synthesis, ruminal outflow of nutrients and N balance in dairy cows. Eight Holstein cows (714 ± 36 kg body weight; 114 ...
The primary aim is to examine the effect of a high protein intake (from soy or whey protein) on weightmaintenance after weight loss in a group of predisposed (severe) obese persons. Furthermore, to examine short-term and long-term effect of a high protein intake on appetite regulation and diet induced thermogenese (DIT). Finally to examine the effect of calcium on weightmaintence, bloodlipid profilen, appetite regulation and DIT.. The study is a parallel RCT with a weight loss (WL) period (8 weeks on very low calorie diet) and a weightmaintence (WM) period (24 weeks daily intake of supplement). 200 overweight/obese subjects will be enrolled into the study and randomized to placebo (maltodextrin), soy protein, whey protein or calcium enriched whey protein supplement. At baseline (week 0), after the WL period (week 8) and after WM period (week 24) body weight and composition will be measured and blood samples will be collected. Meal test will be performed at week 0 and 24 (examining both appetite ...
New Australian research suggests that overweight and obese people can increase the amount of fat they burn by simply consuming higher-protein meals.. While previous studies have shown that thin people are more efficient fat burners than those who are overweight, the current research examined whether the protein composition of meals influenced that weight-related disparity.. The researchers found that overweight men and women burned more fat after consuming high-protein meals than after eating lower-protein meals. In other words, the additional protein seemed to compensate for the fat-burning deficit observed in overweight people.. Our research suggests that people with higher body fat burn fat better after a high-protein meal than people with lower levels of body fat, lead researcher Dr. Marijka Batterham of Australias University of Wollongong told Reuters.. Multiple studies have also suggested that high-protein diets may help people lose weight, in part because protein may suppress appetite ...
Women in high protein diet will be stimulate to consumption of high protein foods and restrict the consumption of carbohydrates in the experimental group. The women in the intervention group will be incentivized to substitute breads and pastas for high protein foods (legumes, milk and its derivatives, eggs, fish, and lean meats). The experimental groups will also receive six cans of sardine to increase the womens commitment to the study.. Both women group will receive a nutritional plan based on an 1800 kcal diet. ...
Imamura, W.; Yoshimura, R.; Takai, M.; Yamamura, J.; Kanamoto, R.; Kato, H., 2013: Adverse effects of excessive leucine intake depend on dietary protein intake: a transcriptomic analysis to identify useful biomarkers
MET-Rx Protein Plus Pancake Mix Protein Plus Original Buttermilk High Protein Pancake Mix A Hot and Delicious High Protein Breakfast Alternative If you follow an athletic or fitness lifestyle, you know that the choices available for breakfast can be limited. Just how many times can you eat egg whites and oatmeal? Thats why METRx® has brought back our high protein, low fat pancake mix. METRx Protein Plus High Protein Pancakes are so sweet, light and fluffy, theres no need to add butter or syrup. Just add water, stir and pour onto the griddle. With more than twice as much protein compared to traditional pancakes, breakfast has never tasted so good! Why High Protein Pancakes For Breakfast? When youre craving a hot, flavorful alternative for breakfast, METRx Protein Plus High Protein Pancakes are a great solution. Two scoops make about 3 pancakes delivering 12 grams protein and only 190 calories With as much protein as a 3 egg white omelet , MET-RX Protein Plus High Protein Pancakes make
1. Studies were carried out on six normal male subjects to determine the short-term effect of increasing the dietary consumption of animal protein on the urinary risk factors for stone-formation, namely, volume, pH, calcium, oxalate, uric acid and glycosaminoglycans.. 2. An increase of 34 g/day of animal protein in the diet significantly increased urinary calcium (23%) and oxalate (24%). Total urinary nitrogen increased by an average of 368 mmol/day. The accompanying increase in dietary purine (11 mmol of purine nitrogen/day) caused a 48% increase in the excretion of uric acid.. 3. The overall relative probability of forming stones, calculated from a combination of the risk factors, was markedly increased (250%) throughout the period of high animal protein ingestion. ...
In the study to investigate whether addition of protein may improve weight maintenance by preventing or limiting weight regain after weight loss of 5-10% in moderately obese subjects, a 20% higher protein intake, that is, 18% of energy vs 15% of energy during weight maintenance after weight loss, resulted in a 50% lower body weight regain, only consisting of fat-free mass, and related to increased satiety and decreased energy efficiency.(1 ...
Considerable debate has taken place over the safety and validity of increased protein intakes for both weight control and muscle synthesis. The advice to consume diets high in protein by some health professionals, media and popular diet books is given despite a lack of scientific data on the safety of increasing protein consumption. The key issues are the rate at which the gastrointestinal tract can absorb amino acids from dietary proteins (1.3 to 10 g/h) and the livers capacity to deaminate proteins and produce urea for excretion of excess nitrogen. The accepted level of protein requirement of 0.8g · kg−1 · d−1 is based on structural requirements and ignores the use of protein for energy metabolism. High protein diets on the other hand advocate excessive levels of protein intake on the order of 200 to 400 g/d, which can equate to levels of approximately 5 g · kg−1 · d−1, which may exceed the livers capacity to convert excess nitrogen to urea. Dangers of excessive protein, defined ...
High protein foods for muscle building include chicken, eggs, and fish. Protein is one of the main supplements to be included in your diet to find the best res…
Effects of dietary protein quality and quantity on albino rat tissue serum protein, erythrocyte fragility and bone mineral content
Buy generic Low Carbohydrate Diabetes High Protein Diet - no prescription required.. Buy V ExCEL Low Carbohydrate Diabetes High Protein Diet at retailpharma we providing buy V excel Low Carbohydrate Diabetes High Protein Diet online, V excel products, V excel herbal online, V excel herbal products, buy excel online, cheap excel herbal products.. Order cheap yet efficient medications from a fully-licensed pharmacy.. Canadian pharmacy offers discounts..
Barenys, M.; Recasens, M.A.; Martí-Henneberg, C.; Salas-Salvadó, J., 1993: Effect of exercise and protein intake on energy expenditure in adolescents
Background: Ageing is associated with a progressive loss of physical function that often leads to a poorer quality of life and an increased risk of mortality in the elderly. The steady decline in skeletal muscle mass and strength, known as sarcopenia, can lead to a 15% reduction in lean body mass by the eighth decade of life. Emerging evidence indicates the protein intake and the distribution of this intake is required to slow the decline in lean body mass and prevent the incidence of sarcopenia. Objective: To determine the association between dietary protein intake, distribution and measures of functional status within a female older adult population Design: Volunteers were recruited to the study and asked to complete 7 day diet diaries. Measures of physical function, hand grip strength test and a sit-to-stand test were performed on all participants to see if there was any associated with their protein intake. Results: No participants managed to achieve an optimal protein intake of 30g per meal ...
(HealthDay)-High total and animal protein intake correlates with increased incidence of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online April 10 in Diabetes Care.
Inadequate dietary intake and prolonged undernourishment can lead to short term and long term consequences, which can deplete financial, physical, and social capital, further exacerbating the cycle of undernutrition, poverty, and unhealthy household environment that most food-insecure families already have. Children are a particular focus of interest because of the formative impact nutrition can have on development. Previous research establishes the particular importance of protein consumption in normal childhood growth. This paper seeks to explore dietary protein consumption patterns in countries in Southeast Asia with high rates of stunting, a cumulative indicator of chronic malnutrition - Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Cambodia - using international health databases. First, it examines the current protein intake level compared to recommended standards for children under five years old. Second, it examines the sources of protein to evaluate the quality of the protein consumption profile
There is a great deal of controversy as to whether higher protein intake improves or worsens insulin sensitivity in humans. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of a short-term elevation in dietary protein on hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity in twelve older subjects (51-70 yrs) with metabolic syndrome. Individuals were randomly assigned to one of the dietary groups: recommended protein intake (RPI, 10% of daily calorie intake) or elevated protein intake (EPI, 20% of daily calorie intake) for 4 weeks. Prior to and immediately following the dietary intervention, subjects were studied with primed continuous infusion of [6,6-2H2]glucose and [1-13C]glucose dissolved in drink during the dual tracer oral glucose tolerance test (DT OGTT) to determine hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity. Plasma lipids were measured pre- and post-dietary intervention. In both intervention groups: 1) hepatic insulin sensitivity as assessed by the endogenous glucose rate of appearance (glucose Ra
There is a great deal of controversy as to whether higher protein intake improves or worsens insulin sensitivity in humans. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of a short-term elevation in dietary protein on hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity in twelve older subjects (51-70 yrs) with metabolic syndrome. Individuals were randomly assigned to one of the dietary groups: recommended protein intake (RPI, 10% of daily calorie intake) or elevated protein intake (EPI, 20% of daily calorie intake) for 4 weeks. Prior to and immediately following the dietary intervention, subjects were studied with primed continuous infusion of [6,6-2H2]glucose and [1-13C]glucose dissolved in drink during the dual tracer oral glucose tolerance test (DT OGTT) to determine hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity. Plasma lipids were measured pre- and post-dietary intervention. In both intervention groups: 1) hepatic insulin sensitivity as assessed by the endogenous glucose rate of appearance (glucose Ra
Considering the limited knowledge on the effects of dietary amino acid intake on dysglycemia, we assessed the possible association of dietary protein and amino acid patterns with the risk of pre-diabetes in a prospective population-based study. Participants without diabetes and pre-diabetes (n = 1878) were recruited from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study and were followed for a mean of 5.8 years. Their dietary protein and amino acid intakes were assessed at baseline (2006-2008); demographic, lifestyle, and biochemical variables were evaluated at baseline and in follow-up examinations. Pre-diabetes was defined according to the American Diabetes Association criteria. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models, adjusted for potential confounders, were used to estimate the risk of pre-diabetes across tertiles of dietary protein and amino acid pattern scores. The mean age of the participants (44.9% men) was 38.3 ± 12.7 years at baseline. Three major amino acid patterns were characterized: (1)
11 As with all diets, misconceptions have arisen with this diet. Many individuals adhering to a low-fat diet incorrectly believe that only fat calories cause weight gain, leading to an overindulgence of grains and starches. Increased caloric intake, no matter where the calories come from, can result in weight gain 11 (Table 2; Sidebar: The Old-Fashioned Solution Calorie Counting). Other Dieting Trends Other popular diets include a high-calcium diet, especially from dairy products, to promote weight loss. Although calcium intake has obvious health benefits, its role in weight loss needs further clinical investigation.2 Advocates of high-protein diets suggest that increased protein correlates with increased satiety and increased thermic effect from food. Again, little evidence exists to support this theory, and the effects of high protein intake on renal function and calcium balance are unknown but are worthy of concern.2 Whereas a definite link has yet to be established, epidemiologic data show a ...
Research Evaluates Dietary Protein Needs, The importance of high-quality protein foods in overall health was among the topics discussed at Experimental Biology 2010 in Anaheim, California. Researchers from a variety of institutions discussed studies that looked at varying levels of dietary protein intake to promote health throughout life including the role of protein in weight loss and muscle maintenance. Dietary Protein for Overall Health
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Protein toxicity is the effect of the buildup of protein metabolic waste compounds due to insufficient kidney function. It can occur in people with preexisting kidney disease, or those who have lost kidney function due to age. Protein toxicity occurs when the body is unable to get rid of the potentially toxic wastes that are generated as a result of protein metabolism, it may be also caused by kidney failure. Protein toxicity occurs when an individual with impaired kidney function consumes protein rich diet. Specifically proteins from animal sources that are rapidly absorbed into the blood stream and are rapidly metabolized causing the release of high concentration of toxic nitrogenous waste material A high protein diet is a health concern for those suffering from renal disease. The main concern is that a high protein intake may promote further renal damage that can lead to protein toxicity. The physiological changes induced by an increased protein intake, such as an increased glomerular ...
Excess protein and amino acid intake have been recognized as hazardous potential implications for kidney function, leading to progressive impairment of this organ. It has been suggested in the literature, without clear evidence, that high protein intake by athletes has no harmful consequences on ren …
Effect of dietary protein content on weight gain, energy expenditure, and body composition during overeating: a randomized controlled trial. El falso pan que
TY - JOUR. T1 - Blood profiling of proteins and steroids during weight maintenance with manipulation of dietary protein level and glycaemic index. AU - Wang, P.. AU - Holst, C.. AU - Astrup, A.. AU - Bouwman, F.G.. AU - van Otterdijk, S.. AU - Wodzig, K.W.H.. AU - Andersen, M.R.. AU - van Baak, M.A.. AU - Rasmussen, L. G.. AU - Alfredo Martinez, J.. AU - Jebb, S.A.. AU - Pfeiffer, A.F.. AU - Kafatos, A.. AU - Handjieva Darlenska, T.. AU - Hlavaty, P.. AU - Saris, W.H.. AU - Mariman, E.C.. PY - 2012/1/14. Y1 - 2012/1/14. N2 - Weight regain after weight loss is common. In the Diogenes dietary intervention study, a high-protein and low-glycaemic index (GI) diet improved weight maintenance. The objective of the present study was to identify (1) blood profiles associated with continued weight loss and weight regain (2) blood biomarkers of dietary protein and GI levels during the weight-maintenance phase. Blood samples were collected at baseline, after 8 weeks of low-energy diet-induced weight loss ...
Before getting into this, I want to make something clear. Research does show that high-protein diets can be harmful for people who already have chronic kidney disease, and low-to-moderate protein diets are generally advisable for these patients.. However, just because a low-protein diet can be therapeutic for those with kidney disease, doesnt mean a high-protein diet causes kidney disease in the first place. (This is the same distinction I made when critiquing Dr. Perlmutters broad recommendation for a low-carb diet to prevent neurological disorders.) What Im addressing here is the notion that high-protein diets cause kidney disease in healthy people-which is not, as youll find out, supported by research.. Since one of the main biological roles of the kidney is to metabolize and excrete nitrogen byproducts from protein digestion, many people believe that eating more protein will strain the kidneys. This is similar to the argument made against acid-forming diets. There is an upper limit to ...
A total of 180 pigs (90 barrows and 90 gilts, average initial weight of 148 lb) were used in a 67-day experiment to determine the effects of excess dietary crude protein (CP) on growth performance and carcass measurements in finishing pigs. The pigs were sorted by ancestry and blocked by weight with 12 pigs per pen and five pens per treatment. Treatments were corn-soybean meal-based diets formulated to 15.3 and 18.3 per cent CP and a corn-soybean-DDGS-based diet formulated to 18.3 per cent CP. Feed and water were consumed on an ad libitum basis until the pigs were slaughtered (average final weight of 282 lb) at a commercial abattoir ...
A total of ten experimental diets with protein concentrations ranging from 154 to 400 g/kg and two lipid levels (46 and 85 g/kg) with identical energy densities were offered to 240 male Ross 308 broilers from 7 to 28 d post-hatch. Growth performance was monitored and nutrient utilisation (apparent metabolisable energy (AME), N-corrected AME (AMEn), AME daily intake, AME:gross energy ratios, N retention) was determined. The weight gain response of broiler chickens to dietary protein concentrations in diets containing high and low lipid levels was diverse, with the relevant quadratic regressions being significantly different (P,0·05). With low lipid levels, the predicted maximum weight gain of 1809 g/bird equated to 342 g/kg dietary protein, whereas, for high lipid levels the predicted maximum weight gain of 1694 g/bird equated to 281 g/kg dietary protein. AME was linearly correlated with dietary protein concentration but regressions in diets with different lipid content were not significantly ...
Summary:Dietary protein intake and renal functionRecent trends in weight loss diets have led to a substantial increase in protein intake by individuals. As a result,
TY - CONF. T1 - Digitally supported dietary counseling increases protein intake in community dwelling older adults: preliminary results of the VITAMIN RCT. AU - van den Helder, J.. AU - van Dronkelaar, C.. AU - Tieland, M.. AU - Weijs, P.J.M.. PY - 2018/9/28. Y1 - 2018/9/28. N2 - BACKGROUND. In order to prevent sarcopenia in community dwelling older adults a higher daily protein intake is needed. A new m-health strategy for dietary counseling was used with the aim to increase total daily protein intake to optimal levels (minimal 1.2 g/kg/d, optimal 1.5 g/kg/d) through use of regular food products. METHODS. The VITAMIN (VITal AMsterdam older adults IN the city) RCT included 245 community dwelling older adults (age ≥ 55y): control, exercise, and exercise plus dietary counseling (protein) group. Dietary intake was measured by a 3d dietary record at baseline and after 6 months intervention. In total 173 subjects were eligible for analysis. A two-way mixed ANOVA with time, group, and time*group ...
Malnutrition at the initiation of dialysis is a strong predictor of subsequent increased mortality on dialysis. Few studies have documented the relationship between the progression of renal failure and spontaneous dietary protein intake (DPI) and other indices of malnutrition. In this prospective study, renal function was sequentially measured by creatinine clearance (CrCl) and DPI by 24-h urine collection; simultaneously, multiple sequential biochemical nutritional indices, including serum albumin, transferrin, prealbumin, and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentrations, were measured. The study involved 90 patients (46 men and 44 women) with chronic renal failure (CRF) of various causes monitored in an outpatient clinic. Dietary interventions were minimal. The mean duration of follow-up was 16.5 +/- 11.8 months. The results show that the mean (+/- SD) DPI was 1.01 +/- 0.21 g/kg per day for patients with CrCl over 50 mL/min and decreased to 0.85 +/- 0.23 g/kg per day for patients with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of sub-clinical post weaning colibacillosis and dietary protein on acute phase proteins in weaner pigs. AU - Houdijk, JGM. AU - Campbell, FM. AU - Fortomaris, PD. AU - Eckersall, PD. AU - Kyriazakis, I. N1 - 621044 521149. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. KW - Acute. KW - Dietary. KW - Dietary Protein. KW - Effect. KW - Effects. KW - Phase. KW - Pig. KW - Pigs. KW - Post. KW - Post Weaning. KW - Protein. KW - Proteins. KW - Subclinical. KW - Weaning. M3 - Article. VL - 108. SP - 182. EP - 185. JO - Livestock Science. JF - Livestock Science. SN - 1871-1413. ER - ...
Resistance trainers continue to receive mixed messages about the safety of purposely seeking ample dietary protein in their quest for stimulating protein synthesis, improving performance, or maintaining health. Despite proteins lay popularity and the routinely high intakes exhibited by strength athletes, liberal and purposeful protein consumption is often maligned by experts. University textbooks, instructors, and various forms of literature from personal training groups and athletic organizations continue to use dissuasive language surrounding dietary protein. Due to the widely known health benefits of dietary protein and a growing body of evidence on its safety profile, this is unfortunate. In response, researchers have critiqued unfounded educational messages. As a recent summarizing example, the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) Position Stand: Protein and Exercise reviewed general literature on renal and bone health. The concluding remark that Concerns that protein intake within
An increase in dietary protein intake has been shown to improve weight loss maintenance in the DIOGenes trial. Here, we analysed whether the source of the dietary proteins influenced changes in body weight, body composition, and cardiometabolic risk factors during the weight maintenance period while following an energy-restricted diet. 489 overweight or obese participants of the DIOGenes trial from eight European countries were included. They successfully lost >8% of body weight and subsequently completed a six month weight maintenance period, in which they consumed an ad libitum diet varying in protein content and glycemic index. Dietary intake was estimated from three-day food diaries. A higher plant protein intake with a proportional decrease in animal protein intake did not affect body weight maintenance or cardiometabolic risk factors. A higher plant protein intake from non-cereal products instead of cereal products was associated with benefits for body weight maintenance and blood pressure.
OBJECTIVE: The long-term association between dietary protein and type 2 diabetes incidence is uncertain. We aimed to investigate the association between total, animal, and plant protein intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prospective European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct case-cohort study consists of 12,403 incident type 2 diabetes cases and a stratified subcohort of 16,154 individuals from eight European countries, with an average follow-up time of 12.0 years. Pooled country-specific hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CI of prentice-weighted Cox regression analyses were used to estimate type 2 diabetes incidence according to protein intake. RESULTS: After adjustment for important diabetes risk factors and dietary factors, the incidence of type 2 diabetes was higher in those with high intake of total protein (per 10 g: HR 1.06 [95% CI 1.02-1.09], P(trend) | 0.001) and animal protein (per 10 g: 1.05 [1.02-1.08], P(trend) = 0.001).
Dietary protein intake, kidney function, and survival in a nationally representative cohort. Narasaki Y, Okuda Y, Moore LW, You AS, Tantisattamo E, Inrig JK, Miyagi T, Nakata T, Kovesdy CP, Nguyen DV, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Rhee CM. Am J Clin Nutr. 2021 Jul 1;114(1):303-313. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqab011. PMID: Abstract Background: High-protein diets (e.g., Paleo, Atkins, South Beach, ketogenic) have gained popularity as a means to promote weight loss and avoid excess carbohydrate consumption. Yet in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, evidence suggests low dietary protein intake (DPI) leads to attenuation of kidney function decline, although concerns remain for risk of protein-energy wasting. Objectives: To examine associations of DPI with mortality in a nationally representative cohort of US adults, stratified by kidney function. Methods: We examined the association between daily DPI scaled to actual body weight (ABW), ascertained by 24-h dietary recall, with all-cause mortality among 27,604 ...
Leucine kinetic and nitrogen balance (NBAL) methods were used to determine the dietary protein requirements of strength athletes (SA) compared with sedentary subjects (S). Individual subjects were randomly assigned to one of three protein intakes: low protein (LP) = 0.86 g, moderate protein (MP) = 1.40 g, or high protein (HP) = 2.40 g for 13 days for each dietary treatment. NBAL was measured and whole body protein synthesis (WBPS) and leucine oxidation were determined from L-[1-13C]leucine turnover. NBAL data were used to determine that the protein intake for zero NBAL for S was 0.69 and for SA was 1.41 A suggested recommended intake for S was 0.89 and for SA was 1.76 For SA, the LP diet did not provide adequate protein and resulted in an accommodated state (decreased WBPS vs. MP and HP), and the MP diet resulted in a state of adaptation [increase in WBPS (vs. LP) and no change in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The mean dietary protein intake at different stages of chronic kidney disease is higher than current guidelines. AU - Moore, Linda W.. AU - Byham-Gray, Laura D.. AU - Scott Parrott, J.. AU - Rigassio-Radler, Diane. AU - Mandayam, Sreedhar. AU - Jones, Stephen L.. AU - Mitch, William E.. AU - Gaber, A. Osama. N1 - Funding Information: WEM has received funding from NIH, NIDDK (R37-37175), and has served on advisory boards for Fresenius-Kabi and Amgen. None of this funding has a direct effect on the subject. AOG has received funding from NIAID, NIDDK; no funding with a direct effect on the subject. All the authors declared no competing interests. Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2013/4. Y1 - 2013/4. N2 - The actual dietary protein intake of adults without and with different stages of chronic kidney disease is not known. To evaluate this we performed cross-sectional analyses of 16,872 adults (20 years of age and older) participating in the National ...
View Poster. INTRODUCTION. The impact of dietary protein intake on urinary oxalate has not been clearly delineated. Potential reasons include inaccurate dietary assessment of oxalate, calcium, and vitamin C, as well as lack of control for the amount and source of protein. This study will be the first to use the NDSR to obtain a precise dietary assessment of these factors on self-selected rather than controlled diets. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the amount and source of protein intake on urinary oxalate for patients with recent urolithiasis using the NDSR.. METHODS. We prospectively recruited patients from a single institution who either passed or underwent treatment for a calcium oxalate stone within 6 months and were subsequently referred for a complete metabolic work-up. Patients with metabolic predispositions to stone formation or taking medications that may impact urine parameters were excluded. Total dietary intake was obtained using a 3 day food record and 24 ...
View Poster. INTRODUCTION. The impact of dietary protein intake on urinary oxalate has not been clearly delineated. Potential reasons include inaccurate dietary assessment of oxalate, calcium, and vitamin C, as well as lack of control for the amount and source of protein. This study will be the first to use the NDSR to obtain a precise dietary assessment of these factors on self-selected rather than controlled diets. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the amount and source of protein intake on urinary oxalate for patients with recent urolithiasis using the NDSR.. METHODS. We prospectively recruited patients from a single institution who either passed or underwent treatment for a calcium oxalate stone within 6 months and were subsequently referred for a complete metabolic work-up. Patients with metabolic predispositions to stone formation or taking medications that may impact urine parameters were excluded. Total dietary intake was obtained using a 3 day food record and 24 ...
The roles of different dietary proteins in the aetiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remain unclear. We investigated the associations of dietary proteins with the risk of incident T2D in Finnish men from the prospective Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. The study included 2332 men aged 42-60 years at the baseline examinations in 1984-1989. Protein intakes were calculated from 4-d dietary records. Incident T2D was determined by self-administered questionnaires, fasting blood glucose measurements, 2-h oral glucose tolerance tests, and with national registers. The multivariable-adjusted risk of T2D on the basis of protein intakes was compared by the Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR). During the mean follow-up of 19·3 years, 432 incident T2D cases were identified. Total, animal, meat or dairy product protein intakes were not associated with risk of T2D when the potential confounders were accounted for. Plant (multivariable-adjusted extreme-quartile HR 0·65; 95 % CI 0·42, 1·00; P ...
Influence of feeding a high plant protein diet on growth and nutrient utilization to combined all-fish growth-hormone transgenic diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)
High-quality sources of protein for the formulation of feeds of carnivorous fish species such as Atlantic salmon are currently being sought. In an earlier screening trial we evaluated for the first time in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) the applicability of air-classified faba bean (Vicia faba) protein concentrate (BPC) inclusions in combination with soy protein concentrate (SPC) and fishmeal (FM) using parr as a model. Based on the results in parr in freshwater, the present study tested the hypothesis that BPC can effectively replace SPC and/or FM as a dietary protein source in post-smolt Atlantic salmon in seawater. The trial was designed to test nine different combinations of BPC, SPC and FM around the ideal mixture proportions modelled from data on parr (20% BPC, 46% SPC and 34% FM as percent of the total dietary protein). Somatic, physiological, biochemical and molecular parameters were assessed to determine fish performance. On average, fish grew from ~1.28kg to 2.80kg over the course of ...
High dietary protein can reduce fat deposition in animal subcutaneous adipose tissue, but little is known about the mechanism. Sixty Wujin pigs of about 15 kg weight were fed either high protein (HP: 18%) or low protein (LP: 14%) diets, and slaughtered at body weights of 30, 60 or 100 kg. Bloods were collected to measure serum parameters. Subcutaneous adipose tissues were sampled for determination of adipocyte size, protein content, lipid metabolism-related gene expression, and enzyme activities. HP significantly reduced adipocyte size, fat meat percentage and backfat thickness, but significantly increased daily gain, lean meat percentage and loin eye area at 60 and 100 kg. Serum free fatty acid and triglyceride concentrations in the HP group were significantly higher than in the LP group. Serum glucose and insulin concentrations were not significantly affected by dietary protein at any body weight. HP significantly reduced gene expression of acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), fatty acid synthase (FAS) and
TY - JOUR. T1 - The measurement and interpretation of dietary protein distribution during a rugby preseason. AU - MacKenzie, Kristen. AU - Slater, Gary. AU - King, Neil. AU - Byrne, Nuala. PY - 2015/8/1. Y1 - 2015/8/1. N2 - Evidence suggests that increasing protein distribution may be desirable to promote muscle protein synthesis (MPS) in combination with resistance exercise. However, there is a threshold above which additional protein consumption has limited benefit for MPS and may promote protein loss due to increased oxidation. This study aimed to measure daily protein intake and protein distribution in a cohort of rugby players. Twenty-five developing elite rugby union athletes (20.5 ± 2.3 years, 100.2 ± 13.3 kg, 184.4 ± 7.4 cm) were assessed at the start and end of a rugby preseason. Using a 7-day food diary the reported daily protein intake was 2.2 ± 0.7 g·kg·day-1 which exceeds daily recommendations. The reported carbohydrate intake was 3.6 ± 1.3 g·kg·day-1 which may reflect a ...
The Western meat-rich diet is both high in protein and fat. Although the hazardous effect of a high fat diet (HFD) upon liver structure and function is well recognized, whether the co-presence of high protein intake contributes to, or protects against, HF-induced hepatic injury remains unclear. Increased intake of branched chain amino acids (BCAA, essential amino acids compromising 20% of total protein intake) reduces body weight. However, elevated circulating BCAA is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and injury. The mechanisms responsible for this quandary remain unknown; the role of BCAA in HF-induced liver injury is unclear. Utilizing HFD or HFD+BCAA models, we demonstrated BCAA supplementation attenuated HFD-induced weight gain, decreased fat mass, activated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), inhibited hepatic lipogenic enzymes, and reduced hepatic triglyceride content. However, BCAA caused significant hepatic damage in HFD mice, evidenced by exacerbated hepatic oxidative stress,
To exploit the fact that cancer cells rely more heavily on glycolysis than normal cells, we designed low CHO, high protein diets to see if we could limit BG and tumor growth. In designing our diets, we wanted to avoid NCKDs because of the difficulty in achieving long-term compliance with no CHO diets in potential future human studies (27) and because Masko and colleagues recently reported that a 10% or 20% CHO diet slows tumor growth as effectively as NCKDs (27). Following early studies with 8% CHO diets, using 10% and 15% CHO, high protein diets in which 70% of the CHO was in the form of amylose, we found that, compared with a Western diet, they were indeed capable of reducing BG, insulin, and lactate levels and, importantly, in slowing the growth of implanted murine and human tumors, with little or no effects on mouse weight.. We assessed the effects of our low CHO diets in both murine tumor-bearing immunocompetent mice and human tumor-bearing immunocompromised mice, because immune status has ...
Background: It has been shown that dietary protein supplementation during lactation boosts immunity in Nippostrongylus brasiliensis-infected periparturient rats. It is not known whether body protein reserves accumulated during gestation have a similar effect during lactation. Objective: This study aimed to quantify the impact of body protein reserves and dietary protein supplementation on maternal performances and immune responses to N. brasiliensis during lactation. Methods: Multiparous female Sprague-Dawley rats were given a primary infection of N. brasiliensis prior to mating and restrictedly fed either 60 g (Lge) or 210 g (Hge) crude protein (CP) per kg dry matter (DM) until parturition. Parturition onwards, dams were restrictedly fed either 100 g (Lla) or 300 g (Hla) CP per kg DM, generating 4 different dietary treatments. A subset of rats was sampled before parturition; post-parturition, dams were secondary infected with N. brasiliensis and samples were collected at day 5 and 11 post ...
A common criticism of low-carbohydrate diets is the effect of excessive protein intake on bone health and renal function. Reddy et al.19 reported that protein intake of 164-170 g on a 6-week VLCKD increased net acid load, urinary calcium losses, and risk of kidney stones. An earlier review20 of several studies of high-protein diets demonstrated that increasing consumption of alkaline foods (i.e., fruits and vegetables) resulted in a significant decrease in net acid excretion and calciuria along with increased bone deposition. Carter et al.21 found no difference in bone turnover between subjects following a VLCKD and those on a control diet after 3 months. Recent research22 suggests that protein intake of 120 g/day does not adversely affect kidney health in people with normal renal function. There is some evidence that carbohydrate restriction coupled with moderate protein intake may even benefit people with kidney disease and diabetes.23. Because cardiovascular events and stroke are the primary ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of dietary protein on renal function and lipid metabolism in five-sixths nephrectomized rats. AU - Chen, Shu Tzu. AU - Peng, Sheng Jeng. AU - Chen, Jiun-Rong. PY - 2003/4/1. Y1 - 2003/4/1. N2 - The objective of the present experiment was to examine the effect of substituting different quantities of soyabean protein for casein on renal function and lipid metabolism in rats with chronic renal failure induced by a five-sixths nephrectomy. Experimental animals were subjected to a nephrectomy and fed either casein or soyabean protein (200 or 1OO g/kg diet). The diets were isoenergetic with identical fat, Na, K and P contents. Rats ingesting 200 g casein/kg diet showed a significantly (P,0.05) accelerated course of chronic renal failure, while the soyabean-protein groups showed retarded progression of the experimentally induced renal disease and hypercholesterolaemic effects. Rats in the low-soyabean-protein diet (100 g/kg) also demonstrated increased serum albumin and ...
Providing of insufficient nutrients limits the potential growth of pig, while feeding of excessive nutrients increases the economic loss and causes environment pollution. For these reasons, phase feeding had been introduced in swine farm for improving animal production. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary energy levels and phase feeding by protein levels on growth performance, blood profiles and carcass characteristics in growing-finishing pigs. A total of 128 growing pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc), averaging 26.62 ± 3.07 kg body weight, were assigned in a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement with 4 pigs per pen. The first factor was two dietary energy level (3,265 kcal of ME/kg or 3,365 kcal of ME/kg), and the second factor was four different levels of dietary protein by phase feeding (1growing(G)-2finishing(F) phases, 2G-2F phases, 2G-3F phases and 2G-3F phases with low CP requirement). In feeding trial, there was no significant difference in growth performance. The BUN
Providing of insufficient nutrients limits the potential growth of pig, while feeding of excessive nutrients increases the economic loss and causes environment pollution. For these reasons, phase feeding had been introduced in swine farm for improving animal production. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary energy levels and phase feeding by protein levels on growth performance, blood profiles and carcass characteristics in growing-finishing pigs. A total of 128 growing pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc), averaging 26.62 ± 3.07 kg body weight, were assigned in a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement with 4 pigs per pen. The first factor was two dietary energy level (3,265 kcal of ME/kg or 3,365 kcal of ME/kg), and the second factor was four different levels of dietary protein by phase feeding (1growing(G)-2finishing(F) phases, 2G-2F phases, 2G-3F phases and 2G-3F phases with low CP requirement). In feeding trial, there was no significant difference in growth performance. The BUN
Researchers at USC have announced that a protein-restricted diet appears to improve memory and slow the advance of Alzheimers disease in laboratory mice.. For their research, the scientists placed mice with advanced stages of the dementia on a low-protein diet with amino acid supplements every other week for four months. The researchers then ran the mice through mazes and found that those on the low protein diet had improved cognitive ability compared to a control group of mice that ate a higher-protein diet. The mice on the low-protein diets also showed lower levels of the growth hormone IGF-1 - which has been associated with aging and disease in mice and several diseases in older humans.. Whats more, the mice on the protein-restricted diet also showed lower levels of the defective protein known to accumulate in the brains of those diagnosed with Alzheimers and other dementias.. The researchers say their future studies will look at whether low-protein diets have the same ability to slow ...
Feed your inner strength with wholesome, delicious Special K Chocolate Peanut Butter Protein Meal Bars. Each bar provides 12 grams of protein and is deliciously crafted with creamy peanut butter, whole grain wheat and puffed rice - all coated in rich chocolate - to keep you satisfied and shining bright, even on your busiest days. An ideal companion for lunch boxes, afternoon treats and on-the-go moments, Special K Protein Meal Bars are individually wrapped, perfectly portable and ready to eat whenever you are.Tasty meal bars made with a satisfying blend of rich chocolate, creamy peanut butter, whole grain wheat and puffed riceFuel up with the irresistible taste of Special K Chocolate Peanut Butter Protein Meal Bars; with delicious ingredients and protein to keep you moving forwardNaturally flavored; a good source of protein, fiber, and 12 vitamins and minerals; 12 grams of protein per barPack a wholesome snack on-the-go, enjoy as an afternoon pick-me-up at the office, and stash a box i ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Biomarker-calibrated energy and protein consumption and increased cancer risk among postmenopausal women. AU - Prentice, Ross L.. AU - Shaw, Pamela A.. AU - Bingham, Sheila A.. AU - Beresford, Shirley A.A.. AU - Caan, Bette. AU - Neuhouser, Marian L.. AU - Patterson, Ruth E.. AU - Stefanick, Marcia L.. AU - Satterfield, Suzanne. AU - Thomson, Cynthia A.. AU - Snetselaar, Linda. AU - Thomas, Asha. AU - Tinker, Lesley F.. PY - 2009/4. Y1 - 2009/4. N2 - The authors previously reported equations, derived from the Nutrient Biomarker Study within the Womens Health Initiative, that produce calibrated estimates of energy, protein, and percentage of energy from protein consumption from corresponding food frequency questionnaire estimates and data on other factors, such as body mass index, age, and ethnicity. Here, these equations were applied to yield calibrated consumption estimates for 21,711 women enrolled in the Womens Health Initiative dietary modification trial comparison group ...
Each day we are bombarded with new data. My goal is to share a breakdown of what I have discovered and read this past month. There is a little something for everyone here. How do I choose which articles to share? Is it clinically relevant? Does the story share something new or raise an interesting question? Most studies have some internal flaw that can be poked and while I try to only share those having high quality, my number one goals is to share something unique, progressive or surprising.. Published research:. In the recent release of The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition there is a good article supporting the benefits of a high-protein breakfast. Data reveals that a high-protein diet alters ghrelin and peptide YY concentrations subsequently leading to decreased appetite and also curbed late night snacking. Is this study perfect - no. But it is pretty darn good - Yes. I have been blogging on this topic for sometime. Where, when and why did the public begin thinking high protein intake ...
View Notes - 477 from VET 4335 at University of the South Pacific, Fiji. 2009 Poultry Science Association, Inc. Impact of dietary amino acid and crude protein levels in broiler feeds on biological
In this study, high total and animal protein intake, but not vegetable protein intake, was associated with increased diabetes risk. This relation was not explained by specific protein sources such as meat or by weight change during follow-up but was attenuated after adjustment for baseline adiposity measures. Consuming 5 energy % from protein at the expense of 5 energy % from carbohydrate or fat increased diabetes risk by ∼30%.. Some aspects of the study need to be addressed. First, although we corrected for all possible available confounders, we cannot exclude unknown or unmeasured confounding. Second, the presence of diabetes goes often undetected and may be preclinical up to 9-12 years (21). Individuals with undetected diabetes may have been misclassified as nondiabetic individuals, resulting in attenuated associations. Strengths of our study include its prospective design, large sample size, and long follow-up. Use of validated cases of diabetes minimized the presence of false-positive ...
Inadequate animal protein intake is widely orchestrated among Nigerians especially Ogun State indigenes. This led to investigating other sources of animal protein in the rural and suburban areas of the state that could bridge inadequate supply from the conventional sources of animal protein. Structured questionnaires were administered in each of the then twelve local governments of the state to collect information on other sources of animal protein. The study showed that a wide range of animal species - mammals, aves, reptiles, amphibian, pisces, gastropods, insects and crustaceans are widely, though infrequently, consumed in virtually all local governments of Ogun State. But while a few are readily available, many are seasonal. Therefore, a concerted effort by the state governments and well meaning individuals to improve production of these animals especially in the local governments where they abound could make them a ready source of supplementary animal protein for the indigenes ...
BACKGROUND: Increased physical activity and dietary protein intake are promising interventions to prevent or treat the age-related decline in physical performance in older adults. There are well-controlled exercise as well as dietary intervention studies that show beneficial effects on physical performance in older adults. In practice, however, weekly group based exercise or nutritional programs may not be as effective. To optimise these exercise programs for community dwelling older adults, a digitally supported and personalised home-based exercise training program has been designed aiming to improve physical performance in older adults. In addition, a protein intervention in combination with the training program may further improve physical performance in older adults. METHODS: The VITAMIN study will be a cluster randomised controlled trial with three parallel arms. In total, 240 community dwelling older adults (≥ 55 years) participating in weekly group exercise are randomly allocated into: ...
Fouque and colleagues review of 6 randomized trials suggests that the prescription of low-protein diets to patients with chronic renal failure can prolong the course of the disease and delay the onset of dialysis. Locatelli and colleagues (1), however, the authors of the largest of these studies, concluded that low-protein diets were of marginal benefit and probably not worth the sacrifice and negative effect on quality of life. The clinical course of the patient with chronic renal disease does not end with dialysis but continues after dialysis and transplantation. The major predictors of success on dialysis are adequacy of dialysis and the nutritional status of the patient as measured by serum albumin, serum creatinine, and protein catabolic rate (a measure of dietary protein intake) (2). Current studies do not address the long-term nutritional implications of low-protein diets, nor do they delineate the degree of protein restriction that prolongs the course of chronic renal failure but ...
Comprehensive nutrition resource for Barilla Elbows, Protein Plus. Learn about the number of calories and nutritional and diet information for Barilla Elbows, Protein Plus. This is part of our comprehensive database of 40,000 foods including foods from hundreds of popular restaurants and thousands of brands.
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When the gut tastes phenylalanine (PHE), leucine (LEU), glutamate (GLUT) and tryptophane (TRP), satiety ensues (Daly. 2012) -- In their most recent paper Christin Daly et al. report on the cholecystokinin (CCK) release in the gut. According to the scientists from the University of Liverpool (UK) and the Kyushu University (Japan), the effect is mediated by interactions with the gastrointestinal bitter taste receptors. Since CCK inhibits food intake and reduces appetite, this provides another mechanistic explanation for the satiety promoting effects of high protein intakes. The effects was observed only for the L- and not the D-amino acids ...
A study out of the University of Illinois supports recent research touting the effects of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet plus exercise as the most effective regimen for achieving weight loss. This is one of the few investigations that have considered the role exercise plays in weight loss and altering body composition. The study team randomly assigned 48 women ages 40 to 56 to 1 of 4 regimens: a high-protein diet; a high-protein diet plus exercise; a high-carb diet; or a high-carb diet plus exercise. All diets were nutritionally sound, as the women consumed recommended amounts of fruits, vegetables, and dairy. Those in the exercise groups walked 30 minutes a day 5 times a week and included resistance/weight training. After 4 months, all the women lost a significant amount of weight and body fat and were able to reduce their caloric intake. The group that lost the most weight and fat and added lean muscle mass, however, was the high-protein diet plus exercise group. Those women reduced ...
Quackery From the British Dietetic Association and BBC Newsbeat on High Protein Intakes In an area as nebulous and vital as nutrition, its perfectly natural th
the number and time of protein intake.. According to the current recommendations of nutritionists, an adult should consume 0.8 gram of protein per kilogram of their weight, approximately 62 grams and weighs 77 kg. the Elderly, according to some, needs to consume 0.4 g/kg protein for each meal (31 g 3 times a day with the weight of 77 kg). This is a much larger protein than the recommended dietary recommendations. Researchers from the Centre for translational research in aging and longevity Institute on aging at the University of Arkansas conducted an experiment to find out whether greater daily protein intake to greater net protein synthesis in the elderly. They also considered the time of protein consumption, the difference in the synthesis process in which cells make more pure protein.. For the study, we selected 20 healthy people aged 52-75 years who were divided into 4 groups randomly. Two groups were consuming the recommended 0.8 g/kg of protein ...
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The requirements for energy and protein of an individual are defined in the following terms:. Energy. The energy requirement of an individual is the level of energy intake from food that will balance energy expenditure when the individual has a body size and composition, and level of physical activity, consistent with long-term good health; and that will allow for the maintenance of economically necessary and socially desirable physical activity. In children and pregnant or lactating women the energy requirement includes the energy needs associated with the deposition of tissues or the secretion of milk at rates consistent with good health.. Protein. The protein requirement of an individual is defined as the lowest level of dietary protein intake that will balance the losses of nitrogen from the body in persons maintaining energy balance at modest levels of physical activity. In children and pregnant or lactating women, the protein requirement is taken to include the needs associated with the ...
This is an consuming plan particularly designed dots created by highly certified physicians like Dr. Nonetheless, deciding on carbs wisely is important. One can discover this label provides you the data you may wish to be aware of regarding the food you could be about to purchase. How does kelp present you easy methods to cor some weight. Every occupation has its hazards. Protein Counts Problems with high protein diets for dogs With This Weight low cost doge As you in all probability can see, the quantity of power is fairly low. Problemx, it truly is solely a brief treatment. Saccharin or else Stevia could come about used. Attempt the opposite diets on this assortment. They do educate you as to which choices are lower on the glycemic scale. Phytonutrients are compounds which cut back the risk of developing coronary heart disease, diabetes and some cancers. Now Ive to take an exquisite nearer take a look at considered one of many largest points most individuals have with the Uncooked Meals ...
Skip that fast food and bite into the chocolaty flavor of this Special K 12 g Protein Meal Bar Chocolate Peanut Butter, 1.59 oz, 8 Count. This protein meal bar is a great meal replacement snack that is packed with protein! Each Special K bar has 12 grams
There is emerging literature demonstrating that restricting dietary carbohydrate (CHO) intake might upregulate cellular markers of mitochondrial biogenesis. Mitochondria quantity and density has been linked with increased endurance performance, reduction in type 2 diabetes and improved insulin sensitivity. A number of transcriptional cellular markers have been identified as key regulators of this process. PURPOSE: To determine the influence of 7 days dietary manipulation on resting metabolic rate (RMR), body composition and transcriptional markers of mitochondrial biogenesis. METHOD: Forty-six healthy male participants (mean ± SD; age (years), body mass (kg), height (cm); 28 ± 5, 75.6 ± 11.1, 178.0 ± 4.9, respectively) were recruited and randomised to one of four conditions: energy matched high protein (PRO-EM), energy restricted high protein (PRO-ER), energy matched high carbohydrate (CHO-EM) or energy restricted high carbohydrate (CHO-ER). Macronutrient ratios (PRO:CHO:FAT) of 40:30:30 and ...
Dietary protein dilution (DPD) promotes metabolic-remodelling and -health but the precise nutritional components driving this response remain elusive. Here, by mimicking amino acid (AA) supply from a casein-based diet, we demonstrate that restriction of dietary essential AA (EAA), but not non-EAA, drives the systemic metabolic response to total AA deprivation; independent from dietary carbohydrate supply. Furthermore, systemic deprivation of threonine and tryptophan, independent of total AA supply, are both adequate and necessary to confer the systemic metabolic response to both diet, and genetic AA-transport loss, driven AA restriction. Dietary threonine restriction (DTR) retards the development of obesity-associated metabolic dysfunction. Liver-derived fibroblast growth factor 21 is required for the metabolic remodelling with DTR. Strikingly, hepatocyte-selective establishment of threonine biosynthetic capacity reverses the systemic metabolic response to DTR. Taken together, our studies of ...
Influence of dietary energy and protein levels on growth performance and some blood biochemical indices of growing indigenous (Ghungroo) pigs
seeds on male Wistar albino rats was investigated. The proteins were found to have high true digestibility (TD) and feed conversion ratio (FCR). The net protein retention (NPR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), protein retention efficiency (PRE), Net protein value (NPV), Nitrogen efficiency ratio (NER), feed efficiency ratio (FER) and relative NPR (RNPR) of the ungerminated seeds were significantly lower ( ...
I admit it: I eat a high-protein diet. Not just low-carb, and not just high-fat. Its high protein.. I thought I should make a public confession because every time some dunce in the media opines that the high-protein Atkins diet will kill you, low-carbers around the world jump up and down and yell, Its not high protein! Its high fat!. Speak for yourself.. Its true that when most of us switch to a low-carb diet, we dont replace 300 grams of carbohydrate with 300 grams of protein. We swap a lot of the carb calories for fat calories, and thats good. But a lot of us also swap a chunk of carb calories for protein calories, and thats also good. I used to eat pasta with low-fat marinara sauce for dinner. Now I eat meats and vegetables. More fat, more protein. I almost certainly eat more protein - quite a bit more - than people on the standard Western diet. I suspect a lot of people on paleo and/or low-carb diets do as well.. People who aim for a constant state of ketosis are, of course, an ...
I admit it: I eat a high-protein diet. Not just low-carb, and not just high-fat. Its high protein.. I thought I should make a public confession because every time some dunce in the media opines that the high-protein Atkins diet will kill you, low-carbers around the world jump up and down and yell, Its not high protein! Its high fat!. Speak for yourself.. Its true that when most of us switch to a low-carb diet, we dont replace 300 grams of carbohydrate with 300 grams of protein. We swap a lot of the carb calories for fat calories, and thats good. But a lot of us also swap a chunk of carb calories for protein calories, and thats also good. I used to eat pasta with low-fat marinara sauce for dinner. Now I eat meats and vegetables. More fat, more protein. I almost certainly eat more protein - quite a bit more - than people on the standard Western diet. I suspect a lot of people on paleo and/or low-carb diets do as well.. People who aim for a constant state of ketosis are, of course, an ...
National Protein Statistics Report. In conclusion, we muscle phenylalanine turnover methodology to examine how uncomplicated, moderately severe CKD affects the ability low patients to adapt to dietary protein restriction diet skeletal muscle. And design of lpw study in Protocol 2. Also, and supposed difference in nitrogen sparing effects of carbs and fat are negligible McCargar paleo diet meal plan new york al. However, many non-essential proteins are essential building life in the way we usually protein use muscle pdotein. Annu Rev Nutr. The design of the study in Protocol 1. Building protocol was a prospective, diet trial, with patients serving as low own controls.. All in the quest to meet the benchmark of 1 gram of protein per pound of bodyweight, which works out to 2. An intake informally accepted as the perceived minimum requirement for increasing muscle size and strength, and it is for most people, quite a lot of food. Consider that the average chicken breast yields at best grams of ...
Debry, Gérard (2004). Dietary proteins and atherosclerosis. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. § ISBN 978-0-203-00930-7. OCLC ... A typical nutrient recommendation for a hamster diet is 17-23% crude protein, 4.5% crude fat, and 6-8% crude fiber. It must ...
Bodybuilding supplements, Dietary supplements, Rice). ... Rice protein is a vegan protein isolate made from rice. It is ... Rice protein is commonly mixed with pea protein powder. Rice protein is high in the sulfur-containing amino acids, cysteine and ... Rice protein powder has a more distinctive taste than most other forms of protein powder. Like whey hydrolysate, this flavor is ... This unique rice protein flavor may even be preferred to artificial flavorings by consumers of rice protein. ...
... dietary protein restriction is a common treatment for people with renal disease in which proteinuria is present. Protein ... High protein intake can lead to high protein waste, and this is different from protein poisoning since the issue relates to the ... Protein toxicity occurs when protein metabolic wastes build up in the body. During protein metabolism, nitrogenous wastes such ... Protein poisoning - malnutrition due to adequate protein and fat deficiency Proteopathy - damage caused by mis-folded proteins ...
Trumbo, Paula (2003). "Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein and ... for some dairy and plant proteins may better describe protein quality than values calculated using the concept for protein ... Bilsborough, Shane; Mann, Neil (2006). "A Review of Issues of Dietary Protein Intake in Humans". International Journal of Sport ... Protein quality is the digestibility and quantity of essential amino acids for providing the proteins in correct ratios for ...
... dietary fiber 3.024%; fat 0.368%; and protein 1.581%. The free fatty acid content of dried fruit bodies was 4.5%, slightly more ...
In the past a standard dietary treatment for those with liver disease or damage was a low protein, high carbohydrate, moderate ... A low-protein diet is a diet in which people decrease their intake of protein. A low-protein diet is used as a therapy for ... the trend is also seen for animal protein but not plant protein, but the individuals differ substantially in animal protein ... Barzel, Uriel S.; Massey, Linda K. (1998). "Excess Dietary Protein Can Adversely Affect Bone". The Journal of Nutrition. 128 (6 ...
"Protein Metabolism". 7 October 2020. Nuttall FQ, Gannon MC. , Dietary protein and the blood glucose ... Proteins can denature in environmental conditions the protein is not made for. Protein anabolism is the process by which ... a protein responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood. Protein catabolism is the process by which proteins are broken down to ... Dietary proteins are first broken down to individual amino acids by various enzymes and hydrochloric acid present in the ...
Insects are a source of protein in many parts of the world. In parts of Africa, up to 50% of dietary protein derives from ... Food portal Azotorrhea Biological value Bodybuilding supplement Leaf protein concentrate Low-protein diet Protein bar Single- ... "True protein is a measure of only the proteins in milk, whereas crude protein is a measure of all sources of nitrogen and ... "the true protein absorbed by the intestine, supplied by microbial protein and undegraded intake protein". The limitations of ...
Shimada T (June 2006). "Salivary proteins as a defense against dietary tannins". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 32 (6): 1149-63. ... Histatins are antimicrobial and antifungal proteins, and have been found to play a role in wound-closure. A significant source ... The structure of histatin is unique depending on whether the protein of interest is histatin 1, 3 or 5. Nonetheless, histatins ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Membrane proteins, Antimicrobial peptides, All stub ...
FSTR, 11, 1. Itabashi, A. (2006). Prevention of osteoporosis by foods and dietary supplements. Milk basic protein (MBP) ... Milk basic protein (MBP) is a fraction of whey protein found in milk. Separated from milk through the process of fractionation ... MBP has been evaluated for safety and is intended for use as a dietary ingredient. It is approved in Japan as a functional food ... Active substances in the milk basic protein fraction promote bone formation and suppress bone resorption. It has been found to ...
Shimada, Takuya (23 May 2006). "Salivary Proteins as a Defense Against Dietary Tannins". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 32 (6): ... Principal human dietary sources of tannins are tea and coffee. Most wines aged in charred oak barrels possess tannins absorbed ... This chill haze can be prevented by removing part of the tannins or part of the haze-forming proteins. Tannins are removed ... In lager type beers, the tannins can form a precipitate with specific haze-forming proteins in the beer resulting in turbidity ...
Neither is total dietary protein. Alcohol consumption is strongly associated with increased risk, with wine presenting somewhat ... Dietary causes account for about 12% of gout, and include a strong association with the consumption of alcohol, sugar-sweetened ... Other than dietary and lifestyle choices, the recurrence of gout attacks is also linked to the weather. High ambient ... Choi HK, Atkinson K, Karlson EW, Willett W, Curhan G (March 2004). "Purine-rich foods, dairy and protein intake, and the risk ...
Dietary restriction of protein intake.[citation needed] A 2005 study on rats suggested that hyperprolininemia causes cognitive ... are important factors required to maintain proper metabolism and protein production. A deficiency of either proline oxidase or ...
King AJ, Levey AS (May 1993). "Dietary protein and renal function". Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 3 (11): 1723 ... it prevents the breakdown of proteins outside the cell by a specific type of protein degrading enzymes). Cystatin C belongs to ... Cystatin C was first described as 'gamma-trace' in 1961 as a trace protein together with other ones (such as beta-trace) in the ... Akbari A, Lepage N, Keely E, Clark HD, Jaffey J, MacKinnon M, Filler G (May 2005). "Cystatin-C and beta trace protein as ...
The major source of inflammatory gluten is dietary gluten. Optimal reactivity of gliadin occurs when the protein is partially ... HLA-DQ proteins present polypeptide regions of proteins of about 9 amino acids and larger in size (10 to 14 residues in ... assuming there is only one of these per protein and only a few genome loci with the protein. Unresolved questions relevant to a ... Gliadin proteins can be adsorbed by APC. After digestion in the lysozomes of APCs, gliadin peptides can be recycled to the ...
Dietary glucose and saturated fats acutely increase plasma LBP. The proinflammatory activity of plasma LPS is increased by LBP ... Lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LBP gene. LBP is a soluble acute-phase ... This protein is part of a family of structurally and functionally related proteins, including BPI, plasma cholesteryl ester ... Sato M, Saeki Y, Tanaka K, Kaneda Y (1999). "Ribosome-associated protein LBP/p40 binds to S21 protein of 40S ribosome: analysis ...
Both were sources of dietary protein. In areas not suitable to sedentary agriculture, there were usually small bands of people ...
Kwashiorkor and marasmus are childhood disorders caused by lack of dietary protein. Many individuals limit what foods they eat ... Cooking certain proteins, such as egg whites, meats, and fish, denatures the protein, causing it to firm. There is ... One 4-ounce (110 g) steak, chicken breast or pork chop contains about 30 grams of protein. One large egg has 7 grams of protein ... They are an important source or protein and are considered complete proteins for human consumption as they contain all the ...
Kwashiorkor and marasmus are childhood disorders caused by lack of dietary protein. Many individuals limit what foods they eat ... Cooking certain proteins, such as egg whites, meats, and fish, denatures the protein, causing it to firm. There is ... They are an important source or protein and are considered complete proteins for human consumption as they contain all the ... Marcus, Jacqueline B. (2013), "Protein Basics: Animal and Vegetable Proteins in Food and Health", Culinary Nutrition, Elsevier ...
... also provides dietary protein. List of almond dishes List of spreads Food portal Archived 2011-10-22 at ...
The dietary sources of glutamine include especially the protein-rich foods like beef, chicken, fish, dairy products, eggs, ... Glutamine (symbol Gln or Q) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. Its side chain is similar to that ... Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine (2006). "Protein and Amino Acids". In Otten JJ, Hellwig JP, Meyers LD ( ... Humans obtain glutamine through catabolism of proteins in foods they eat. In states where tissue is being built or repaired, ...
Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein and Amino Acids, Institute of ... Disease caused by inadequate caloric intake Montignac diet Protein Power Protein toxicity - Damage caused by buildup of protein ... and Canadian Dietary Reference Intake review for protein mentions "rabbit starvation", but concluded that there was not ... "A review of issues of dietary protein intake in humans". International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 16 ( ...
St Jeor ST, Howard BV, Prewitt TE, Bovee V, Bazzarre T, Eckel RH (October 2001). "Dietary protein and weight reduction: a ... A high-protein diet is a diet in which 20% or more of the total daily calories comes from protein. Most high protein diets are ... The following high-protein diets have been criticized as fad diets: Atkins diet Dukan Diet Montignac diet Protein Power ... Example foods in a high-protein diet include lean beef, chicken or poultry, pork, salmon and tuna, eggs, and soy. High-protein ...
Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids. Food and ... A complete protein or whole protein is a food source of protein that contains an adequate proportion of each of the nine ... Protein quality Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score "Protein in diet". Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. U.S. ... Mariotti, François; Gardner, Christopher D. (Nov 2019). "Dietary Protein and Amino Acids in Vegetarian Diets-A Review". ...
... chronic diarrhea and loss of proteins such as serum albumin and globulin. It is considered to be a chronic form of protein- ... Matz, M.E. (2006). "Dietary Management of Gastrointestinal Disease". Proceedings of the North American Veterinary Conference. ... A diet very low in fat and high in high quality protein is essential. By limiting a dog's fat intake, the amount of intestinal ... Willard, Michael (2005). "Protein-Losing Enteropathy in Dogs and Cats". Proceedings of the 30th World Congress of the World ...
Sevgi̇li̇, Hüseyin; Sezen, Soner; Kanyilmaz, Mahir; Aktaş, Özgür; Pak, Faruk (2019-04-25). "Dietary Protein Requirements of ...
Report of an FAO Expert Consultation (2013). Dietary protein quality evaluation in human nutrition. FAO (Food and Agriculture ... Amino acid score, in combination with protein digestibility, is the method used to determine if a protein is complete. PDCAAS ... v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Proteins, Nutrition, All stub articles, ... and DIAAS are the two major protein standards which determine the completeness of proteins by their unique composition of ...
Dietary protein quality evaluation in human nutrition. Report of an FAO Expert Consultation (PDF). ISBN 978-92-5-107417-6. ... In strip form, it can be packed to be eaten right out of the package as a high-protein snack. Shaped seitan products, in the ... Seitan may be made from vital wheat gluten or from hard wheat flour (a.k.a. high-protein flour, high-gluten flour, or gluten ... Seitan (UK: /ˈseɪtæn/, US: /-tɑːn/; Japanese: セイタン) is a food made from gluten, the main protein of wheat. It is also known as ...
FR page 33982" (PDF). "Daily Value Reference of the Dietary Supplement Label Database (DSLD)". Dietary Supplement Label ... It is a critical component in dozens of proteins and enzymes. The human body contains about 12 mg of manganese, mostly in the ... "Overview on Dietary Reference Values for the EU population as derived by the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and ... Relatively high dietary intake of other minerals such as iron, magnesium, and calcium may inhibit the proper intake of ...
FR page 33982" (PDF). "Daily Value Reference of the Dietary Supplement Label Database (DSLD)". Dietary Supplement Label ... and aggregation of proteins. Manganese exporter, membrane transport protein List of countries by manganese production ... "Overview on Dietary Reference Values for the EU population as derived by the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and ... Relatively high dietary intake of other minerals such as iron, magnesium, and calcium may inhibit the proper intake of ...
In Eastern Africa and islands in the Indian Ocean, shark meat has been traded and has been a significant source of protein for ... Yonatan Adler and Omri Lernau (May 24, 2021). "The Pentateuchal Dietary Proscription against Finless and Scaleless Aquatic ...
"Rabobank: China's Animal Protein Outlook to 2020: Growth in Demand, Supply and Trade". Rabobank. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 18 ... Green, Rosemary (2015). "The potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK through healthy and realistic dietary ... "Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK". Climatic Change. 125 (2): 179- ... "depicted grain-fed livestock farming as a costly and nonsustainable way to produce animal protein", but "distinguished grain- ...
Lundberg, D. A.; Nelson, R. A.; Wahner, H. W.; Jones, J. D. (1976). "Protein metabolism in the black bear before and during ... Harlow, H.J.; Frank, C.L. (2001). "The role of dietary fatty acids in the evolution of spontaneous and facultative hibernation ... Hibernating bears are able to recycle their proteins and urine, allowing them to stop urinating for months and to avoid muscle ... Nelson, R. A. (1980). "Protein and fat metabolism in hibernating bears". FASEB J. 39 (12): 2955-2958. PMID 6998737. Lohuis, T. ...
It damages the intestines, bladder, and other organs and can lead to anemia and protein-energy deficiency. Along with malaria, ... Tooth decay is also strongly linked to dietary behaviors, and in poor rural areas where nutrient dense foods, fruits and ... HIV infection can affect the production of hormones that interfere with the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. In ... Woodward B (January 1998). "Protein, calories, and immune defenses". Nutr. Rev. 56 (1 Pt 2): S84-92. doi:10.1111/j.1753- ...
Free radicals can damage proteins, lipids or DNA. Glycation mainly damages proteins. Damaged proteins and lipids accumulate in ... These processes termed oxidative stress are linked to the potential benefits of dietary polyphenol antioxidants, for example in ... Chemical damage to structural proteins can lead to loss of function; for example, damage to collagen of blood vessel walls can ... These adducts can further rearrange to form reactive species, which can then cross-link the structural proteins or DNA to ...
One serving has 25 g of total carbohydrates with 2 g of dietary fiber and 9 g of sugars with 14 g of other carbohydrates. A ... single serving also contains 1 g of protein. Cinnamon Toast Crunch was reformulated in an industry-led sugar reduction effort ...
Dairy products contain nutrients such as calcium; phosphorus; riboflavin; protein; and vitamins A, D and B-12. Protein, a good ... Different countries have different dietary models and views on nutrition. The distinct national nutrition guides add to the ... Comparatively, only 29.8% of those polled lacked access to adequate protein. The lack of access to fruits and vegetables often ... but social and physical environments played a significant role in stressing and in shaping their dietary behaviors. Food ...
Even dietary recommendations were different: the diet of the upper classes was considered to be as much a requirement of their ... Milk was an important source of animal protein for those who could not afford meat. It would mostly come from cows, but milk ... Instead, medieval cuisine can be differentiated by the cereals and the oils that shaped dietary norms and crossed ethnic and, ... Cabbage and other foodstuffs in common use by most German-speaking peoples are mentioned in Walther Ryff's dietary from 1549 ...
mtDNA is packaged with proteins which appear to be as protective as proteins of the nuclear chromatin. Moreover, mitochondria ... For example, dietary restriction prevented age-related accumulation of mtDNA damage in the cortex and decreased it in the lung ... InterMitoBase: an annotated database and analysis platform of protein-protein interactions for human mitochondria. (apparently ... an annotated database and analysis platform of protein-protein interactions for human mitochondria". BMC Genomics. 12: 335. doi ...
The most common cause is reduced dietary intake. In the U.S., the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is 8 mg/day for women and ... In its structural role, zinc coordinates with certain protein domains, facilitating protein folding and producing structures ... In the U.S., the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is 8 mg/day for women and 11 mg/day for men. RDA for pregnancy is 11 mg/ ... Solomons NW (2001). "Dietary Sources of zinc and factors affecting its bioavailability". Food Nutr. Bull. 22 (2): 138-154. doi: ...
"2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee". Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and ... Her research interests have included trans fatty acids; soy protein and isoflavones; sterol and stanol esters; modified ... She gave a summary of the 2015 scientific report for the U.S. dietary guidelines to Hari Sreenivasan for PBS Newshour. ... Lichtenstein was vice-chair of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and ...
They work by blocking the ability of the fungus to produce proteins in a highly specific way. Hence, disrupting the action of ... dietary or herbal supplements and any concomitant illnesses. Therefore, topical antifungals should be used with caution after ... Finally, it disrupts the synthesis of DNA, RNA and proteins in fungal cells and leads to cell death. Ciclopirox may also exert ...
us), National Center for Biotechnology Information (1998-01-01). The p53 tumor suppressor protein. National Center for ... and 5-50 μg/kg in dietary cattle feed in 2003. Aflatoxin B1 is mostly found in contaminated food and humans are exposed to ...
He argued that protein is the key to living and that most vegetarians eat a low-protein diet that fails to satisfy hunger. ... In 1946, Kordel was convicted of misbranding dietary supplements and fined $4,000. For example, he falsely advertised a herbal ... Kordel promoted a low-carbohydrate high-protein fad diet. Born in Warsaw, Poland, as a child Lelord Kordel emigrated with his ... He recommended eating much protein with a minimum of carbohydrates. He promoted a diet rich in red meats (except pork), fish, ...
The bioavailability of the drug is decreased by dietary fiber. Greater than 99% of circulating thyroid hormones are bound to ... thyroid receptor proteins in the cell nucleus and cause metabolic effects through the control of DNA transcription and protein ... Furthermore, reviewing their medications and possible dietary supplements is important, as several medications can affect ... plasma proteins including thyroxine-binding globulin, transthyretin (previously called thyroxine-binding prealbumin), and ...
The secreted protein consists of 133`amino acids (mouse Lect2 consists of two varieties a typical 151 amino acid protein and an ... has been shown reduce insulin resistance and concurrently inhibit Lect2 production in a mouse model of dietary-induces insulin ... The protein was detected in and purified from cultures of Phytohaemagglutinin-activated human T-cell leukemia SKW-3 cells. ... LECT2 protein is widely expressed in vascular tissues, smooth muscle cells, adipocytes, cerebral neurons, apical squamous ...
Factors influencing secretion of gastrin can be divided into 2 categories: Stimulatory factors: dietary protein and amino acids ... Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Genes on human chromosome 17, Protein pages needing a ... Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology. 996 (1-2): 82-8. doi:10.1016/0167-4838(89)90098-8. PMID 2736261. Lund T, Geurts van ... the presence of partially digested proteins, especially amino acids, in the stomach. Aromatic amino acids are particularly ...
Characterized the first sweet-tasting protein, "Monellin," broadening the concept of sweet taste Demonstrated that body odors ... "Long-term reduction in dietary sodium alters the taste of salt". American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 36 (6): 1134-1144. doi ... a Protein That Tastes Sweet". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 248 (2): 534-539. doi:10.1016/S0021-9258(19)44407-4. PMID ...
Raw kale is composed of 84% water, 9% carbohydrates, 4% protein, and 1% fat (table). In a 100 g (3+1⁄2 oz) serving, raw kale ... vitamin E and several dietary minerals, including iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and phosphorus (see table "Kale, raw"). ...
... dietary fiber, and the essential dietary mineral manganese, each with more than 10% of its Daily Value. Other micronutrients ... Raw cranberries are 87% water, 12% carbohydrates, and contain negligible protein and fat (table). In a 100 gram reference ...
Particularly of note is the cobalt complex, cobalamin (Vitamin B12) commonly used as a dietary supplement. Cobalamin is an ... Like most transcription factors, the HIF transcription factor is responsible for the expression of a protein. The HIF ... and thus stabilizes these protein complexes. Under normal O2 conditions, HIFs are destabilized as proline and asparagine ...
Dietary changes include avoiding meals high in fat and sugary foods, eating smaller and more frequent meals, after-meal walks, ... Also, DLB is a synucleinopathy, meaning that it is characterized by abnormal deposits of alpha-synuclein protein in the brain. ... When these clumps of protein form, neurons function less optimally and eventually die. Neuronal loss in DLB leads to profound ... The exact cause is unknown but involves formation of abnormal clumps of protein in neurons throughout the brain. Manifesting as ...
Comments follow from Scott Stoll, a physician for the USA Olympic team, who argues that animal based protein impedes recovery ... It has been credited with influencing some viewers to shift their dietary habits towards more plant-based options, an impact ... He contrasts this with plant-based proteins that, he argues, promote gut microbial diversity, reduce inflammation, and optimize ... of the protein and 18% of the calories worldwide. Animal agriculture is charged with being a main driver of deforestation and ...
ISBN 978-0-8247-8210-8. Dhingra, D; Michael, M; Rajput, H; Patil, R. T. (2011). "Dietary fibre in foods: A review". Journal of ... Bacterial cellulose is produced using the same family of proteins, although the gene is called BcsA for "bacterial cellulose ... Most mammals have limited ability to digest dietary fiber such as cellulose. Some ruminants like cows and sheep contain certain ... In human nutrition, cellulose is a non-digestible constituent of insoluble dietary fiber, acting as a hydrophilic bulking agent ...
Fish has been an important source of protein for humans throughout recorded history. List of fish dishes List of cod dishes ... List of halal and kosher fish Kosher food - Kosher foods are those that conform to the regulations of kashrut (Jewish dietary ... List of fermented foods Halal food - Islamic jurisprudence vis-à-vis Islamic dietary laws specifies which foods are halal (" ... It is produced either by Plants or Animals, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, ...
In the United States, this risk is relatively low as feeding of protein sources from any ruminant to another ruminant has been ... The lipid composition of wild ruminant tissues may serve as a model for dietary lipid recommendations in treating and ... Chilliard, Yves; Ferlay, Anne (September 1, 2004). "Dietary lipids and forages interactions on cow and goat milk fatty acid ... Bovine somatotropin, or bovine growth hormone, is a naturally produced protein in cattle. Recombinant bovine somatotropin (rBST ...
... whey protein is a different milk protein from casein. Autism therapies Gluten-related disorders List of alternative therapies ... Knivsberg, A.M.; Reichelt, K.L.; Høien, T.; Nødland, M. (2002). "A Randomised, Controlled Study of Dietary Intervention in ... The organization believes that, "Dietary intervention is a cornerstone of an evidence-based medical approach, and there is ... Walle, Gavin Van De (2018-08-30). "What's the Difference Between Casein and Whey Protein?". Healthline. Retrieved 2021-12-21. ...
... fat 5g Trans fat 0g Cholesterol 0g Total Carbohydrate 26g Dietary fiber 1g Total sugars 18g includes 17g added sugar Protein 3g ...
Learn about types of protein and high protein foods. ... You need to eat protein every day. How much depends on your age ... It is important to get enough dietary protein. You need to eat protein every day, because your body doesnt store it the way it ... The primary NIH organization for research on Dietary Proteins is the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements ... Article: Too low protein and energy intake in nursing home residents. * Article: Longitudinal association between dietary ...
Dietary energy and protein requirements for Saudi Arabia: a methodological approach  Khan, Mohammad A.; Al Kanhal, Mohammed A. ... Based on the available scientific information on human requirements, recommended dietary allowances of energy and protein for ... Energy and protein requirements : report of a Joint FAO/WHO ad hoc expert committee [‎meeting held in Rome from 22 March to 2 ... Protein requirements : report of a Joint FAO/WHO expert group [‎meeting held in Geneva from 8 to 17 October 1963]‎  ...
... specify that the requirement for dietary protein for all individuals aged 19 y and older is 0.8 g This ... Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is cited as adequate for all persons. This amount of protein would be considered by many ... The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) specify that the requirement for dietary protein for all individuals aged 19 y and older is ... protein diets. A framework for understanding dietary protein intake within the context of weight loss and athletic performance ...
Dietary whey protein increases liver and skeletal muscle glycogen levels in exercise-trained rats - Volume 93 Issue 4 ... Dietary whey hydrolysate with exercise alters the plasma protein profile: A comprehensive protein analysis. Nutrition, Vol. 27 ... Dietary whey protein downregulates fatty acid synthesis in the liver, but upregulates it in skeletal muscle of exercise-trained ... Dietary Whey Protein Hydrolysates Increase Skeletal Muscle Glycogen Levels via Activation of Glycogen Synthase in Mice. Journal ...
20g protein/100g of edible meat and 3.3 g protein/ 100g of milk) we get 5 g of meat protein per 33 g of milk proteins; a total ... a) Daily animal protein intake (from meat and dairy, excluding complementary protein intake in the form of e.g. protein powder ... 1. Protein content range and necessity for a carbon footprint per g of protein. The protein content of the different products ... For example milk, can be used to make whey protein (very high in protein, quite low in energy) or butter (very low in protein, ...
Crystal structure of death-associated protein kinase 1 in complex with the dietary compound resveratrol ... Death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) is a large multidomain protein with an N-terminal serine/threonine protein kinase ... Death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) is a Ca2+/calmodulin-regulated serine/threonine protein kinase (CaMK) composed of an ... Crystal structure of death-associated protein kinase 1 in complex with the dietary compound resveratrol. ...
Total N, non-ammonia N, and rumen undegraded protein flows did not differ among treatments or between oscillating dietary CP ... Apparent and true ruminal digestibilities of dry matter and organic matter were not affected (P , 0.05) by increasing dietary ... Ruminal NH3-N concentration increased linearly (P , 0.01) in response to increasing dietary CP. ... Dietary treatments were: 1) 10% CP, 2) 12% CP, 3) 14% CP, and 4) 10 and 14% CP diets oscillating at 48-h intervals. ...
The analyses undertaken during the study measured selenium concentration, CO, SH, and NH,sub,2,/sub, groups in the proteins, ... Materials used in the nutrition study comprises one-day-old Flex broiler chickens randomly allocated to three dietary ... The results of the study showed that the dietary selenium supplementation effectively increased the selenium concentration in ... of inorganic and organic selenium in the diet of broiler chickens on the oxidative changes in the functional groups of proteins ...
Relationship of dietary protein intake to metabolizable protein supply. Diagram showing the relationship of dietary protein ... RUP, rumen undegraded protein; RDP, rumen degraded protein; N, nitrogen; MCP, metabolizable crude protein; MP, metabolizable ... constitute the major variables relating the dietary crude protein supply to the metabolizable protein supply. The first branch ... The second branch point represents the proportion of nitrogen from degraded protein that is recaptured as microbial protein. ...
In effect, consuming a higher protein diet may results in a more even protein distribution pattern. Evenly distributing protein ... While the exact within-day protein distributions from the studies assessing the effect of consuming a higher-protein diet vs a ... Consuming an even protein distribution inevitably results in higher protein-containing breakfasts and lunches. Breakfast is ... Previous research showed that consuming a higher protein diet (1.2-1.5 g/kg/d) may attenuate the loss of skeletal muscle mass ...
... that are influenced by dietary CP content. Three experiments were conducted to determine effects of a low-protein, AA- ... 1. Dietary CP content did not affect the pH of cecal digesta. The reduction in CP content decreased (P , 0.05) cecal ammonia N ... The reduction of dietary CP decreased (P , 0.05) the apparent ileal digestibility of most AA, except Lys, Met, Thr, Val, and ... Dietary CP content did not affect the pH of ileal digesta or ileal concentrations of ammonia N, cadaverine, putrescine, or VFA ...
Diets contained a low or high quality protein source and a lipid source deficient or sufficient in long chain essential fatty ... contain a high quality protein, have a source of LCEFA, and are fortified with vitamins and microminerals. However, rapid ... Abstract Objective-To determine effects of dietary lipid and protein on development of hepatic lipidosis (HL) and on physical ... Objective-To determine effects of dietary lipid and protein on development of hepatic lipidosis (HL) and on physical and ...
The Global OTC Protein Dietary Supplements Market study ... 2022 OTC Protein Dietary Supplements Market Data, Growth Trends ... 3.1 OTC Protein Dietary Supplements Market Drivers. 3.2 OTC Protein Dietary Supplements Market Restraints. 3.3 OTC Protein ... 3.1 OTC Protein Dietary Supplements Market Drivers. 3.2 OTC Protein Dietary Supplements Market Restraints. 3.3 OTC Protein ... 12.2 OTC Protein Dietary Supplements Industry Report Sources and Methodology. Report Title: OTC Protein Dietary Supplements ...
Effects of Dietary Protein Level and Phase Feeding Regimen on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Pork Quality in ... Effect of dietary chromium additions along with varying protein levels on growth performance and carcass characteristics of ... Effects of dietary protein level and feed restriction on performance and carcass characteristics of swine. Journal of Animal ... Effect of level of dietary grain and protein on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of beef steers. ...
... crude protein with 26 °C, 30% crude protein with 30 °C, 40% crude protein with 26 °C, 40% crude protein with 30 °C and 40% ... Effect of water temperature across dietary protein levels on growth and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR): Across the two dietary ... were observed in a diet of high dietary protein to a certain point and decreased with further increase in dietary protein ... rendalli at different dietary protein levels. Growth of fish increased with an increase in dietary protein and water ...
G proteins, cardiac function, and remodeling of the heart in rats following myocardial infarction: Effect of dietary magnesium ...
Wu, G., Pond, W. G., Flynn, S. P., Ott, T. L., & Bazer, F. W. (1998). Maternal dietary protein deficiency decreases nitric ... Wu, G, Pond, WG, Flynn, SP, Ott, TL & Bazer, FW 1998, Maternal dietary protein deficiency decreases nitric oxide synthase and ... T1 - Maternal dietary protein deficiency decreases nitric oxide synthase and ornithine decarboxylase activities in placenta and ... Maternal dietary protein deficiency decreases nitric oxide synthase and ornithine decarboxylase activities in placenta and ...
In view of the rapidly increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes, limiting iso-energetic diets high in dietary proteins, ... per 10 g animal protein: 1.19 [1.09-1.32]), and nonsignificant in men. Plant protein intake was not associated with type 2 ... We aimed to investigate the association between total, animal, and plant protein intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. ... RESULTS: After adjustment for important diabetes risk factors and dietary factors, the incidence of type 2 diabetes was higher ...
Title : Supplementation of dietary proteins with amino acids Corporate Authors(s) : Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy ...
A meta-analysis of the effects of supplemental dietary fat on protein and fibre digestibility in the horse. Livestock Science, ... A meta-analysis of the effects of supplemental dietary fat on protein and fibre digestibility in the horse. SALES, James a ... A meta-analysis of the effects of supplemental dietary fat on protein and fibre digestibility in the horse. ... Too few studies have presented data on intake to evaluate the relation between dietary fat intake and nutrient digestibility ...
Dietary fiber. Fiber helps add bulk to stool. It moves food more quickly through the digestive system. Fiber helps nourish a ... Protein. Most studies suggest a link between red meat and a higher risk of colorectal cancer. But avoiding processed meats is ... Dietary fiber. The AICR/WCRF study discussed above found connections between fiber-rich foods and reduced cancer risk. This ... One form, folic acid, is made in the laboratory and found in dietary supplements. Enriched, white flour is fortified with it. ...
DRXIPROT - Protein (gm). Variable Name: DRXIPROT. SAS Label: Protein (gm). English Text: Protein (gm). Target: Both males and ... DRXIFIBE - Dietary fiber (gm). Variable Name: DRXIFIBE. SAS Label: Dietary fiber (gm). English Text: Dietary fiber (gm). Target ... DRDDRSTZ - Dietary recall status. Variable Name: DRDDRSTZ. SAS Label: Dietary recall status. English Text: Dietary recall ... WTDR4YR - Dietary day one 4-Year sample weight Variable Name: WTDR4YR. SAS Label: Dietary day one 4-Year sample weight English ...
Regulation of the alpha-tocopherol transfer protein in mice: lack of response to dietary vitamin E or oxidative stress. ... Regulation of the alpha-tocopherol transfer protein in mice: lack of response to dietary vitamin E or oxidative stress.. ... Animals, Body Weight, Carrier Proteins, Diet, Eating, Fasting, Gene Expression Regulation, Liver, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred ... We hypothesized that hepatic TTP levels would be modulated by dietary vitamin E supplementation and/or by oxidative stress. ...
Energy and protein needs during infancy / edited by Samuel J. Fomon, William C. Heird. by Fomon, Samuel J , Heird, William C. ... Protein requirements : report of a Joint FAO/WHO expert group [meeting held in Geneva from 8 to 17 October 1963] by Joint FAO/ ... Text; Format: print Publication details: Genève : Organisation mondiale de la Santé, 1986Title translated: Energy and protein ... Text; Format: print Publication details: Ginebra : Organización Mundial de la Salud, 1985Title translated: Energy and protein ...
Although there has been increasing interest in the use of high protein diets, little is known about dietary protein related ... N2 - Although there has been increasing interest in the use of high protein diets, little is known about dietary protein ... AB - Although there has been increasing interest in the use of high protein diets, little is known about dietary protein ... abstract = "Although there has been increasing interest in the use of high protein diets, little is known about dietary protein ...
The dietary proteins might also have a significant role. Proteins are needed for the synthesis of enzymes required for the ... dietary protein influences body cholesterol. It is known that the nature and the quality of dietary fat and carbohydrates ... Dietary protein and cholesterol metabolism in small intestines. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. 1993 Mar; 31(3): 294-6 ... Effect of quality and quantity of dietary protein on blood cholesterol and cholesterol metabolism in small intestines of rat ...
In the past several decades, the adoption of modern dietary habits has become a growing health concern, as it is strongly ... In this context, novel dietary strategies are emerging to prevent diseases and maintain health. However, the consequences of ... and different dietary habits (i.e., vegan and vegetarian, gluten-free, ketogenic, high sugar, low FODMAP, Western-type, and ... such as dietary habits, seasonality, lifestyle, stress, antibiotics use, or diseases. A healthy host–microorganisms ...
Dietary Fiber. 3 grams Protein. 13 grams Sugar. 7 grams Ingredients Deselect All ...
  • It was concluded that protein feedstuff affects ileal AA digestibility and is closely related to dietary fiber characteristics, and a 4-percentage unit reduction in dietary CP had no effect in growing pigs. (
  • Effects of distillers dried grains with solubles on amino acid, energy, and fiber digestibility and on hindgut fermentation of dietary fiber in a corn-soybean meal diet fed to growing pigs. (
  • Dietary fiber. (
  • The review also notes that dietary fiber consumption correlates with lower mortality from infectious and respiratory diseases. (
  • Some protein shakes specifically designed for people with diabetes contain fiber and resistant starch, a starch naturally found in foods such as beans that your body cannot digest. (
  • Like fiber and resistant starch, uncooked cornstarch also aids in blood sugar control and is an ingredient in some protein shakes for people with diabetes. (
  • Seeds are a powerhouse of nutrients and contain everything from protein, fiber, and healthy fats to vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. (
  • Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate. (
  • AGEs are proteins or lipids with sugars added to them. (
  • Materials used in the nutrition study comprises one-day-old Flex broiler chickens randomly allocated to three dietary treatments: Control and SeN-fed diet enriched with 0.50 mg/kg of inorganic selenium (sodium selenite), and SeO-fed with diet containing 0.50 mg/kg of selenized yeast Yarrowia lipolytica . (
  • Dietary modifications involving reasonable restrictions of dietary calcium, oxalate, meat (purines) and sodium, have been useful in reducing the urinary supersaturation of calcium oxalate. (
  • Regardless of risk for progression, patients with ADPKD should take caution to slow progression to chronic kidney disease with BP control , dietary sodium and caloric intake limitation , hydration , and dyslipidemia management . (
  • Patients should also moderately restrict dietary sodium and daily dietary protein intake. (
  • High-Protein Diets: Are They Safe? (
  • A number of well-controlled studies are now published in which "higher" protein diets have been shown to be effective in promoting weight reduction, particularly fat loss. (
  • Of relevance to athletes and those in clinical practice is the fact that higher protein diets have quite consistently been shown to result in greater weight loss, greater fat loss, and preservation of lean mass as compared with "lower" protein diets. (
  • Diets contained a low or high quality protein source and a lipid source deficient or sufficient in long chain essential fatty acids (LCEFA). (
  • Conclusions and Clinical Relevance -Cats can lose 25 to 30% of their obese body weight over 7 to 9 weeks without developing overt clinical signs of HL, provided that weight-reduction diets are highly palatable, contain a high quality protein, have a source of LCEFA, and are fortified with vitamins and microminerals. (
  • A 3 × 3 factorial experiment was performed with 3 types of diets (pellets, crumble, and mash) and 3 levels of dietary CP (22%, 20%, and 18% during the starter period and 20%, 18%, and 16% during the finisher period). (
  • Two practical diets (30 and 40% crude protein levels) with the same dietary energy level (19.51 ±0.04 kJ/g) were formulated using Pearson Square Method from fishmeal, soybean meal, rice bran, maize bran, wheat bran, Kazinga vegetable oil, vitamin and mineral premixes. (
  • Primiparous gilts selected genetically for low or high plasma total cholesterol concentrations (low line and high line, respectively) were mated and then fed 1.8 kg/d of isocaloric diets containing 13% or 0.5% crude protein. (
  • In view of the rapidly increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes, limiting iso-energetic diets high in dietary proteins, particularly from animal sources, should be considered. (
  • Any associative effects between supplemental dietary fat and nutrient digestibility would have an influence in the calculation of digestible energy and nutrient values of horse diets. (
  • For example, those older individuals who exercise more and eat slightly higher protein diets, retain more of their muscle tissue and function and, consequently, tend to lead healthier lives. (
  • Although there has been increasing interest in the use of high protein diets, little is known about dietary protein related changes in the mammalian metabolome.We investigated the influence of protein intake on selected tryptophan and phenolic compounds, derived from both endogenous and colonic microbial metabolism. (
  • High protein (HP) diets are suggested to positively modulate obesity and associated increased prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD) disease in humans and rodents. (
  • In this blog, we answer some of the most common questions about the suitability of whey protein for different diets and cover some of the best protein alternatives for vegans, vegetarians, and those with food intolerances or allergies. (
  • Now that we've got the big question out of the way, let's dive in to understand a bit more about what whey protein is and what diets it is suitable for. (
  • Whey protein is not suitable for plant-based diets, those with dairy intolerances, and may sometimes be unsuitable for coeliacs and gluten-free diets. (
  • Feeding low-protein diets to pregnant rats produces a increased more than in children not exposed to tobacco in broad spectrum of disorders in their offspring (7): hyper- utero. (
  • Researchers at the Pennington Medical Center recently conducted an experiment to explore the effects of overeating on people consuming low protein diets, normal protein diets and high protein diets. (
  • Resting energy expenditure, total energy expenditure, and body protein did not increase during overeating for those eating a low protein diet, but increased significantly for those consuming the normal and high protein diets. (
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW High-protein diets (HPDs) are popular but their consequences for kidney health , especially among athletes and bodybuilders who typically maintain a high protein intake for a long time , have not been investigated. (
  • Frequently recommended in weight-loss diets, dietary proteins have proven effectiveness thanks to their appetite-suppressing effects. (
  • Shifting Diets for a Sustainable Food Future presents solutions to the challenge of feeding a growing population by reducing animal protein consumption, especially beef, and helping shift billions of people to more sustainable diets. (
  • The trickier question is how to move billions of people toward diets with a greater share of plant-based protein. (
  • With all the attention on protein, you would think that Americans are deficient, but most get more than enough in their diets, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . (
  • While there are numerous health benefits supporting plant-based diets, a common concern is whether you can get enough protein through such diets. (
  • However, one common concern is whether plant-based diets provide enough protein. (
  • With numerous health benefits supporting plant-based diets, one need not be deficient in proteins when choosing plant-based diets. (
  • Diets high in saturated fats and Examination Surveys (NHANES) and essential fatty acids from the diet, dietary cholesterol tend to raise blood provide information on the health and and aid in the absorption and transport cholesterol levels and increase a nutritional status of the civilian, of fat-soluble vitamins and carotenoids. (
  • According to the best diets modelled by Optifood, it appears that infants in KwaMashu would be able to achieve the recommended intakes of energy, protein, and 8 of the 11micronutrients, as long as breastfeeding on demand continues during the complementary feeding phase. (
  • All hypercalciuric patients are advised to follow reasonable dietary changes to help limit their urinary calcium loss, reduce stone recurrences, and improve the effectiveness of medical therapy. (
  • On the other hand, patients who normalize their urinary calcium excretion with dietary changes alone may still benefit from thiazides or other therapies to avoid or treat bone demineralization and osteoporosis or osteopenia. (
  • This is why dietary oxalate is limited whenever calcium intake is reduced. (
  • Below are lists of plant‐based sources of protein, calcium and iron, the essential nutrients most commonly associated with animal‐based foods. (
  • The results of the study showed that the dietary selenium supplementation effectively increased the selenium concentration in all analyzed culinary parts of the chicken carcass, especially high in leg muscles. (
  • Selenium supplementation of the chicken diet significantly reduced the oxidative changes in the most important chemical reactive groups of the muscle myofibrillar proteins in all analyzed culinary parts. (
  • If true, it's possible that the timing of protein supplementation ingestion relative to meal times would impact changes in body weight in adults consuming a "self-chosen" diet. (
  • A reduction in the dietary CP level of weaned pigs from 22.5 to 17.6% with AA supplementation impaired growth performance before, but not after, the ETEC challenge and increased the relative composition of butyrate producing bacteria in the colon digesta afterETEC challenge. (
  • We hypothesized that hepatic TTP levels would be modulated by dietary vitamin E supplementation and/or by oxidative stress. (
  • Dietary Protein and Amino Acid Supplementation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Course: What Impact on the Colonic Mucosa? (
  • Some evidence, either from epidemiological, clinical, and experimental studies indicate that the quantity and the quality of dietary protein consumption and amino acid supplementation may differently influence the IBD course according to the disease phases. (
  • However, depending on your lifestyle, you might need or want to supplement your protein intake, and the need for supplementation may be even greater for vegetarians and vegans, who do not consume protein-rich animal products. (
  • Dietary supplementation of Arg during gestation has been effective in improving embryonic survival and development of the conceptus in many species, including humans, pigs, sheep, mice, and rats. (
  • To evaluate the effect of supplementation of different protein sources on the quality of life, nutritional status and functional of patients in the pre-transplant period. (
  • Patients were randomized to receive daily supplementation of whey protein (WP) or casein (20 g in the morning and 20 g in the evening) for 15 days. (
  • Chronic liver disease substantially reduces QOL and the present study suggests that protein supplementation, regardless of source, improves HRQoL in patients for TxH. (
  • We get proteins in our diet from meat, dairy products, nuts, and certain grains and beans. (
  • Most Americans eat enough protein in their diet. (
  • Notwithstanding, diet programs (i.e., energy restriction) espousing the virtue of high protein enjoy continued popularity. (
  • The term "higher" refers to a diet that has people consuming more than the general populations' average intake of approximately 15% of energy from protein, e.g., as much as 30%-35%, which is within an Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) as laid out in the DRIs. (
  • The increase in glycogen content in liver was significantly greater in rats fed the whey protein diet compared with those fed the casein diet. (
  • We also found that the whey protein diet increased the activity of liver glucokinase, whereas it decreased the activities of 6-phosphofructokinase and pyruvate kinase compared with the casein diet. (
  • The present study is the first to demonstrate that a diet based on whey protein may increase glycogen content in liver and skeletal muscle of exercise-trained rats. (
  • During phase 2, participants resided at HA (4300 m) for 22 d and were randomly assigned to either an SP or HP (2.0 g protein/kg) diet designed to elicit a 40% ED. Body composition, substrate oxidation, and postabsorptive whole-body protein kinetics were measured. (
  • The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of inorganic and organic selenium in the diet of broiler chickens on the oxidative changes in the functional groups of proteins and total lipids, as well as the antioxidative potential of typical culinary parts fresh and frozen. (
  • Previous research showed that consuming a higher protein diet (1.2-1.5 g/kg/d) may attenuate the loss of skeletal muscle mass vs a lower-protein diet with similar reductions in body weight. (
  • While the exact within-day protein distributions from the studies assessing the effect of consuming a higher-protein diet vs a lower-protein diet on skeletal muscle changes are unknown, it is feasible that the protein contents of breakfast and lunch were increased, in part, due to the practical limitations of adding more protein to dinner. (
  • In effect, consuming a higher protein diet may results in a more even protein distribution pattern. (
  • Three experiments were conducted to determine effects of a low-protein, AA-supplemented diet on ileal AA digestibility, growth performance, diarrhea incidence, and concentration of microbial metabolites in ileal and cecal digesta of pigs weaned at 14 d of age. (
  • With respect to prepared fish diet, dietary protein is always considered to be the most important nutrient component of complete formulated fish feeds (Jauncey, 2000). (
  • For this purpose, 29 healthy subjects were allocated to a high (n = 14) or low protein diet (n = 15) for 2 weeks. (
  • In addition, 20 wild-type FVB mice were randomized to a high protein or control diet for 21 days. (
  • At the same time, the cyan scale armor on She's entire right arm turned into a bloodred color followed by a fierce and domineering aura which suddenly lifted She's momentum and Pure Protein Plus Dietary Supplement of gnc phentermine diet pills the stage. (
  • Diet influences gut microbiome composition, and researchers have found that macronutrients such as carbohydrates, protein and fats are key mediators of this influence. (
  • Protein is an essential macronutrient that our bodies need to grow, repair, and function properly, so it is critical that you get enough protein in your diet each day. (
  • You can achieve your protein intake needs by including a variety of plant and animal products in your diet, such as meats, seafood, eggs, dairy products, seeds and nuts, and legumes. (
  • If you are looking into supplementing your diet with protein, you have likely come across whey protein products. (
  • glucocorticoids, protein restrictions, and maternal diet and obesity. (
  • The above diet provides 68.8 grams of protein. (
  • They found that overeating produced significantly less weight gain in the low protein diet group compared with the normal and high protein diet groups. (
  • When Baidicheng saw it, his expression became gemmo dietary supplements castanea vesca eyes fell on He's body At this moment, Tushan put on his shirt, shook his head and said I trim fit keto diet pills. (
  • According to a 2020 review , high quality proteins , such as fish, eggs, and lean meat, are an essential part of an anti-inflammatory diet that helps produce antibodies and fight off infection. (
  • To make sustainable diet choices easier for consumers, WRI introduces a new Protein Scorecard ranking foods from lowest (plant-based foods) to highest impact (beef, goat and lamb). (
  • When you have diabetes, you need to find a protein shake that fits your diet plan and doesn't cause your blood sugar to spike. (
  • Shakes are a convenient way to supplement the protein in your diet. (
  • Diet-induced over-expression of flightless-I protein and its relation to flightlessness in Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. (
  • If you're considering trying a plant‐based diet, be prepared to hear this question a lot: "How will you get your protein? (
  • Including lentils in your diet every day can help you meet your protein needs. (
  • The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans suggests eating a diet that includes whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean protein, but access to these foods can be difficult for some residents in rural or low-income communities. (
  • You need to eat protein every day, because your body doesn't store it the way it stores fats or carbohydrates. (
  • Mass Gainer consists of an average of 75-85% carbohydrates, 15-20% proteins and four-5 % fats sometimes taken to spice up muscle gain, however, content can vary from model to model. (
  • When processed to create whey powder, the resulting whey concentrate is formed by approximately 80% protein, while the remaining 20% is composed of a mix of carbohydrates and fat - about half of those carbohydrates are lactose. (
  • Because protein shakes are often high in carbohydrates, review nutrition labels carefully if you have diabetes. (
  • In study 3 (Chapter 4) we conducted a systematic review of literature to investigate whether the existing research studies support consuming protein supplements between meals versus with meals to differentially change body composition in adults who initiate resistance training regimens. (
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  • Nutrient intakes reported in these files do not include those obtained from dietary supplements, medications or plain drinking water. (
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  • Many vegetarians and vegans also choose to use dietary supplements. (
  • Thus, the use of dietary supplements may be an alternative to improve the QoL. (
  • Here you will find the full nutrition facts for MURRAY, SUGAR FREE, Lemon Creme Sandwich Cookies including calories, protein, carbs, fat and much more. (
  • Protein, carb and calorie content in these shakes vary depending on brand, ranging from 10 to 16 grams of protein, 6 to 27 grams of carbs and 180 to 200 calories. (
  • When mixed with water, one protein shake mix that contains uncooked cornstarch provides 15 grams of protein, 12 grams of carbs and 110 calories. (
  • This shake contains 15 grams of protein, 35 grams of carbs and 255 calories. (
  • A significant positive association was found between risk of breast cancer and intake of fats, protein and calories. (
  • Each recipe l meets our nutrition parameters, with less than 14 grams of carbs and more than 15 grams of protein, without wasting on flavor. (
  • Plant-based protein powders are created by removing most of the fat and carbs present in grains and legumes to isolate the protein components. (
  • Skip the added sugar and bump up the protein to keep yourself full on this 7-day meal plan. (
  • Dietary whey protein increases liver and skeletal muscle. (
  • n 6 per group) were divided into sedentary or exercise-trained groups with each group being fed either casein or whey protein as the source of dietary protein. (
  • Furthermore, the whey protein group significantly increased the skeletal muscle glycogen content compared with the casein group. (
  • In the skeletal muscle, whey protein decreased only 6-phosphofructokinase activity compared with casein. (
  • Total glycogen synthase activity in the skeletal muscle in the whey protein group was significantly higher than that in the casein group. (
  • We also observed that whey protein regulated glycogen metabolism in these two tissues by different mechanisms. (
  • One method to increase the protein quantity of breakfast may be to leverage the rapid digestion and absorption kinetics of whey protein. (
  • Conversely, amino acids from rapidly digestible whey protein appear in the plasma within 15 minutes and peak at 60 minutes postprandial. (
  • In study 2 (Chapter 3), we hypothesized that consuming a 20-g whey protein snack 2 hours after a standard mixed-macronutrient, lower protein breakfast (10 g) would result in peak and composite postprandial plasma essential amino acid (EAA) responses that were not different from consuming a 30-g protein breakfast alone. (
  • We found that consuming a rapidly digested whey protein snack 2 hours after a slowly digested, lower protein breakfast resulted in a greater peak plasma EAA concentration but comparable plasma EAA availability than consuming a single higher protein breakfast. (
  • Is Whey Protein Vegan? (
  • Whey protein is not vegan, as it is derived from animal milk. (
  • As such, whey protein is not suitable for vegans or anyone with an allergy or intolerance to dairy. (
  • Whey protein is a collection of globular proteins, which contains all of the 9 essential amino acids, or building blocks of protein, that our body needs. (
  • How Is Whey Protein Made? (
  • Does Whey Protein Contain Lactose? (
  • As such, whey protein concentrates are not suitable for anyone with a lactose intolerance or allergy. (
  • Is Whey Protein Gluten-Free? (
  • While whey itself is gluten free, some whey protein powders may contain gluten. (
  • This is because whey protein powders often contain additional ingredients, like flavourings, colouring, and even grains and flours. (
  • As we have seen, despite its benefits, whey protein comes with a number of dietary limitations. (
  • Whey Protein is a rich natural source of Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) (Isoleucine, Leucine and Valine) and high quality protein source. (
  • Containers of 365 Everyday Value Whey Protein Powder Natural Vanilla Flavor were mistakenly packaged with Soy Protein Powder. (
  • We aimed to compare changes in myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) in elderly men at rest and after resistance exercise following ingestion of different doses of soy protein and compare the responses to those we previously observed with ingestion of whey protein isolate. (
  • We compared these responses to previous responses from similar aged men who had ingested 20 g and 40 g of whey protein isolate (W20 and W40). (
  • The relationship between protein intake and MPS is both dose and protein source-dependent, with isolated soy showing a reduced ability, as compared to isolated whey protein, to stimulate MPS under both rested and post-exercise conditions. (
  • These differences may relate to the lower postprandial leucinemia and greater rates of amino acid oxidation following ingestion of soy versus whey protein. (
  • Considering Whey Protein Powder for Diabetes? (
  • Can I Take Whey Protein Powder If I Have IBS? (
  • The Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) specify that the requirement for dietary protein for all individuals aged 19 y and older is 0.8 g (
  • The dietary intake data are used to estimate the types and amounts of foods and beverages consumed during the 24-hour period prior to the interview (midnight to midnight), and to estimate intakes of energy, nutrients, and other food components from those foods and beverages. (
  • This release of the dietary intake data represents, for the first time, the integration of two nationwide dietary intake surveys - USDA's Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) and DHHS's National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). (
  • This report presents dietary intake estimates for fats and fatty acids from the and cholesterol intakes in order to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000, for the U.S. reduce one's risk of cardiovascular population. (
  • A new study by scientists from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), in collaboration with researchers from Maastricht University Medical Center (The Netherlands), found that higher dietary intakes of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) were inversely associated with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer, and were positively associated with the risk of gallbladder cancer. (
  • The researchers found that higher dietary intakes of three well-characterized AGEs were inversely associated with the risk of HCC and positively associated with the risk of gallbladder cancer. (
  • The inverse associations between higher dietary intakes of AGEs and the risk of HCC contrast with the authors' hypothesis. (
  • Free radicals as an effect of oxidative metabolism can cause tissue damage by reacting with polyunsaturated fatty acids in cellular membranes, nucleotides in DNA, and critical sulfhydryl bonds in proteins [ 4 , 5 ]. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Dietary protein & metabolism of glycoproteins. (
  • Thus, dietary protein intake affects plasma levels and generation of various mammalian metabolites, suggesting an influence on both endogenous and colonic microbial metabolism. (
  • Low maternal dietary protein intake can cause embryonic losses, intra-uterine growth restriction, and reduced postnatal growth due to a deficiency in specific amino acids that are important for cell metabolism and function. (
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms linked to mitochondrial uncoupling protein genes UCP2 and UCP3 affect mitochondrial metabolism and healthy aging in female nonagenarians. (
  • It is a water-soluble vitamin with a key role in the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system, as well as in the metabolic utilization of fats and proteins and the cellular production of energy. (
  • the notion of consumption of excess protein above these levels to cover increased needs owing to physical activity is not, however, given any credence. (
  • Dietary CP levels had significant effects on feed consumption (FC), FCR, and PER (p (
  • The carbon footprint, water consumption and land use involved in animal-derived dietary protein production represents a clamouring environmental concern at the forefront of current political and economic conversation concerning food security. (
  • Following the dietary recall, respondents are asked questions on water consumption during the previous 24-hour period, salt use, and whether the person's intake on the previous day was usual or unusual. (
  • The high consumption of rice may reflect a lack of dietary diversity, which, when combined with the poor micronutrient content of polished rice in general and lack of any provitamin A, specifically, is a risk factor for VAD 4 . (
  • A primed constant infusion of L-[1- 13 C]leucine and L-[ ring - 13 C 6 ]phenylalanine and skeletal muscle biopsies were used to measure whole-body leucine oxidation and MPS over 4 h post-protein consumption in both exercised and non-exercised legs. (
  • Study 1 (Chapter 2) of this document was designed to assess the effects of within-day protein intake distribution on changes in body composition during dietary energy restriction and resistance training. (
  • Contrary to our hypothesis, the effectiveness of dietary energy restriction combined with resistance training to improve body composition is not influenced by the within-day distribution of protein when adequate total protein is consumed. (
  • Maternal dietary protein restriction decreased arginine and ornithine concentrations, constitutive and inducible NOS activities and NO production, as well as ODC activity and polyamine concentrations in placenta and endometrium of both lines of gilts. (
  • Of note, high maternal dietary protein intake can also result in intra-uterine growth restriction and embryonic death, due to amino acid excesses, as well as the toxicity of ammonia, homocysteine, and H 2 S that are generated from amino acid catabolism. (
  • Meat and dairy products are also responsible for the majority of our daily, vital, protein intake. (
  • Yet, meat and dairy products contain very different amounts of proteins, making it difficult in general to rationalize which protein source has the lowest carbon footprint. (
  • Here we present a practical and pedagogical review, comparing the carbon footprint of a variety of meat and dairy products with respect to their protein content. (
  • We investigate the carbon footprint of different dietary choices for several countries, by keeping the total number of meat and dairy proteins constant. (
  • Many people-especially in rich countries-eat much more protein than they need, so WRI shows that they could cut back on meat and dairy while easily meeting their protein needs. (
  • Proteins from meat and other animal products are complete proteins. (
  • Oxidative processes are complex reactions initiated in meat pigments, different classes of lipids, and proteins forming a variety of oxidation products [ 3 ]. (
  • Furthermore, chicken meat contains high biological value proteins (20-22%), which can also be affected by the oxidative reactions [ 6 , 11 ]. (
  • The impact of protein oxidation on meat quality is still the subject of multiple studies, but it is generally accepted that this reaction is commonly linked to a loss of nutritional value and a decrease in muscle protein functionality, leading to increasing water losses, weaker protein gel formation, and less stable emulsions [ 12 ]. (
  • This sensation is explained by messages exchanged between the digestive system and the brain, initiated by the dietary proteins that are mainly found in meat, fish, eggs or even some cereal-based products. (
  • Eliminating meat doesn't automatically mean you won't get enough protein. (
  • One average‐sized chicken breast has 31 grams of protein, so most meat eaters are far exceeding their daily requirement. (
  • The soup can stay on the menu even when you're entertaining friends with dietary restrictions, as it's both meatless and gluten-free. (
  • Gluten-free Soy Protein TVP (Textured Vegetable Protein) is made from reduced-fat soybeans and is used to replace or extend ground meats. (
  • These receptors are inhibited by oligo-peptides, produced during protein digestion. (
  • 0.8 grams of protein per kg of body weight. (
  • If you have a normal weight (e.g., 75 Kg), you need 60 grams of protein daily. (
  • Women need 46 grams of protein a day, and men 56 grams. (
  • In fact, adult men only need about 56 grams of protein per day, while adult women need about 46 grams, and children need anywhere from 19 to 34 grams, depending on their age and weight. (
  • A great cooking tool for vegetarians offering a generous 12 grams of protein per serving. (
  • Risk assessment of genetically modified (GM) crops includes an evaluation of hazard and exposure to newly expressed crop constituents, exempli- fied herein by newly expressed proteins (NEPs). (
  • Part of the studies involved in safety assessment of genetically engineered crops includes characterizing the organization, integrity, and stability of the inserted DNA and evaluating the potential allergenicity and toxicity of newly-expressed proteins. (
  • The analyses undertaken during the study measured selenium concentration, CO, SH, and NH 2 groups in the proteins, TBARS-expressing changes in the lipids, and antioxidative potential by ABTS, DPPH, and FRAP methods. (
  • Lipids are a major macronutrient, yet scientists know little about how individual classes of dietary lipids interact with the microbiome. (
  • PDF] Effect of dietary protein content on ileal amino acid digestibility, growth performance, and formation of microbial metabolites in ileal and cecal digesta of early-weaned pigs. (
  • Increased amino acid availability stimulates muscle protein synthesis, however, aged muscle appears less responsive to the anabolic effects of amino acids when compared to the young. (
  • These changes in placental and endometrial synthesis of NO and polyamines during early gestation may be a mechanism responsible for reduced placental and fetal growth in protein- deficient gilts and for altered conceptus development in high line gilts. (
  • With inadequate maternal dietary protein intake, Arg and other important amino acids are deficient in mother and fetus. (
  • The study was a 3 by 2 design factorial (3 temperatures x2 crude protein levels) run in a completely randomized experimental design with three replicates. (
  • However, evidence is scarce in healthy older individuals, and it is unclear whether increased protein intake during negative energy balance is sufficient to maintain whole-body and muscle protein mass in healthy older adults. (
  • Evenly distributing protein throughout the day could feasibly upregulate muscle protein synthesis more frequently, attenuating skeletal muscle loss. (
  • Ageing is associated with sarcopenia [ 1 ] that ultimately results from an imbalance between rates of muscle protein synthesis and breakdown. (
  • The objective of the dietary interview component is to obtain detailed dietary intake information from the NHANES participants. (
  • This new integrated dietary component is collected as part of NHANES and is called What We Eat in America . (
  • Survey integration of dietary data collection began in NHANES 2002. (
  • Because NHANES is on a two-year data release cycle, this first release of the integrated survey includes dietary data collected in 2001 from NHANES plus data from the integrated survey collected in 2002. (
  • Because of confidentiality issues concerning the release of single-year data from NHANES, dietary data for the 2002 Day 2 telephone interview will not be publicly released. (
  • All NHANES examined survey participants are eligible for the dietary interview component. (
  • Dietary fat is often classified based encouraged to limit the amount of in 1999, the NHANES became a on the predominant types of fatty acids saturated fat and cholesterol in their continuous survey. (
  • We investigated the effect of different types of dietary protein on glycogen content in liver and skeletal muscle of exercise-trained rats. (
  • Such a dietary pattern suggests easy to follow consumer guidelines for reduced carbon footprint. (
  • Our methodology may be applied to broader questions, such as the carbon footprint of proteins in general (including fish and plant proteins). (
  • The Kansas State University professor of nutrition wants people to question the idea that eating fruits, vegetables, low-fat protein and whole grains is the only way to lose weight. (
  • 0.001) and animal protein (per 10 g: 1.05 [1.02-1.08], P(trend) = 0.001). (
  • 30 kg/m(2) (per 10 g animal protein: 1.19 [1.09-1.32]), and nonsignificant in men. (
  • CONCLUSIONS: High total and animal protein intake was associated with a modest elevated risk of type 2 diabetes in a large cohort of European adults. (
  • Adjusted odds ratios for the highest quartile of intake versus the lowest were 2.43 for saturated fat, 2.25 for animal protein, 2.12 for polyunsaturated fat, 1.88 for cholesterol and 2.69 for total energy from dietary intake. (
  • During the cheese-making process, whey is obtained by straining the liquid out of curdled milk, which then goes through several filtering and drying processes to isolate the protein and create the powder commonly used as a supplement. (
  • However, to be on the safe side, it is recommended that you opt for protein powder alternatives if you have an allergy or intolerance to lactose. (
  • Used sliced fresh yellow onions, frozen sliced carrots, used dried basil and parsley, and instead of cornstarch I used unflavored pea protein powder. (
  • Pea protein powder? (
  • Evidence indicates that, whilst amino acids contribute more to energy production at negative energy balance (105, 110) , they are utilised more for de novo protein synthesis when energy balance is achieved. (
  • On the basis of the recent finding that nitric oxide (NO) and polyamines (products of L-arginine) play an important role in embryonic and placental development, the present study was designed to determine whether protein deficiency decreases placental and endometrial activities of NO synthase (NOS) and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) (the first and key regulatory enzyme in polyamine synthesis). (
  • For instance, although the dietary protein needs for mucosal healing after an inflammatory episode remain undetermined, there is evidence that amino acids derived from dietary proteins display beneficial effects on this process, serving as building blocks for macromolecule synthesis in the wounded mucosal area, energy substrates, and/ or precursors of bioactive metabolites. (
  • The mechanisms underpinning the differential capacity of proteins from different sources to support increased rates of protein synthesis are not fully understood [ 15 ]. (
  • In previous studies, researchers proved that consuming dietary proteins triggers glucose synthesis in the intestine, after periods of food assimilation (a function known as gluconeogenesis). (
  • These abnormalities are due to impaired DNA synthesis and, to a lesser extent, RNA and protein synthesis. (
  • Most plant proteins are incomplete. (
  • You should eat different types of plant proteins every day to get all of the amino acids your body needs. (
  • We aimed to investigate the association between total, animal, and plant protein intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. (
  • Plant protein intake was not associated with type 2 diabetes (per 10 g: 1.04 [0.93-1.16], P(trend) = 0.098). (
  • The good news is that many plant-based protein alternatives are becoming widely available. (
  • A much smaller gap than people realize exists between how much protein they need and how much they're already getting from plant-based sources like beans, grains, soy and vegetables. (
  • Choosing from a variety of plant-based proteins can ensure that you meet your daily protein requirements. (
  • Choosing the right foods and a variety of plant-based proteins can ensure that your daily meals are fully equipped to provide the right nutrients your body needs for good health. (
  • You can also shop for the right plant-based proteins from any online grocery store . (
  • Whatever you choose, make sure to include portions of the following plant-based proteins to avoid protein deficiency. (
  • Soybeans are one of the few plant-based foods that is a complete protein, meaning it has all nine essential amino acids. (
  • Their main dietary sources are fruits and plant-derived beverages such as fruit juices, tea, coffee and red wine. (
  • An alternative to overcome these and decreased with higher levels of limitations, food-based dietary guidelines education among women2. (
  • Self evaluation of the South African Food-based Dietary Guidelines. (
  • Little is known about the mechanism responsible for retarded placental and fetal growth induced by maternal dietary protein malnutrition. (
  • Maternal nutrition during gestation, especially dietary protein intake, is a key determinant in embryonic survival, growth, and development. (
  • Maternal protein nutrition has a pronounced impact on fetal programming and alters the expression of genes in the fetal genome. (
  • Thirty elderly men (age 71 ± 5 y) completed a bout of unilateral knee-extensor resistance exercise prior to ingesting no protein (0 g), or either 20 g or 40 g of soy protein isolate (0, S20, and S40 respectively). (
  • ABSTRACT A case-control study investigated the association between dietary fat and breast cancer in Saudi Arabian women attending a specialist hospital in Riyadh. (
  • Both proteins were rapidly digested in simulated gastric fluid and their enzymatic activity was inhibited upon heat treatment. (
  • Protein powders made from vegan sources can provide your body with essential amino acids, including those that support muscle repair and growth. (
  • from one 24-hour dietary recall interview. (
  • If you follow our dietary guidelines , how much protein will you get? (
  • When it comes to eating, South Africans usually eat based dietary guidelines (FBDG's) for healthy South and cook the way their parents ate and cooked. (
  • z If you drink alcohol, drink sensibly z Undernutrition and too little food intake, lead to The focus of these dietary guidelines is on healthy underweight people. (
  • An experiment was conducted at Bunda College of Agriculture, Lilongwe, Malawi for 14 weeks (from August to November 2005) to determine the combined effect of dietary protein (30 and 40%) and water temperatures (22.8, 26 and 30 °C) on the performance of Tilapia rendalli juveniles reared in eighteen 200-L tanks with stocking rates of 15 fish (average wt 9.25g/fish) per tank. (
  • 1993). This study was conducted to determine the effect of dietary protein levels and water temperatures on growth, feed utilization , whole body composition, blood glucose and haematocrit in T. rendalli . (
  • Polymorphisms in candidate obesity genes and their interaction with dietary intake of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids affect obesity risk in a sub-sample of the EPIC-Heidelberg cohort. (
  • Our bodies need protein from the foods we eat to build and maintain bones, muscles and skin. (
  • You can also make your own protein shake using whole foods. (
  • Proteins obtained from foods. (
  • Whey is one of two proteins present in milk - whey and casein. (
  • When proteins detected in pupae A were compared with those in pupae B, 233 and 239 proteins were, respectively, under- and over-expressed in pupae B, while 167 proteins were overlapped in both pupae A and B. Differential protein profiles indicate that nutritional deficiency induced over-expression of flightless-I protein (fli-I) in medfly. (
  • Consuming an even protein distribution inevitably results in higher protein-containing breakfasts and lunches. (
  • This was the first study to suggest that smoking tension and vascular defects (8,9), altered fetal pancreatic during pregnancy is linked to adverse changes in the lipo- development and structure (10), altered glucose tolerance protein levels of children (19). (
  • Too few studies have presented data on intake to evaluate the relation between dietary fat intake and nutrient digestibility through a modelling approach. (
  • Twenty-two studies were identified that provided 43 comparisons for apparent total tract digestibility of crude protein (CPD), 44 for neutral detergent fibre digestibility (NDFD), and 30 for acid detergent fibre digestibility (ADFD). (
  • The protein requirements are also higher for fish reared at high density (recirculating aquaculture) than in low-density (pond aquaculture) systems (Craig and Helfrich, 2002). (
  • Restricted data, such as the 2002 Day 2 dietary data, may be made available at the Research Data Center located at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) headquarters in Hyattsville, MD. A research proposal for using the restricted data must be submitted to NCHS for review and approval. (
  • One important nutrient is protein, which is essential to the human body because it is part of every cell, issue, and organ, allowing them to grow and repair. (
  • Protein is an important nutrient made up of building blocks called amino acids. (
  • In this strand of our research we are addressing the efficacy of a variety of non-animal derived and sustainably produced alternative dietary proteins sources to support muscle mass maintenance in older adults. (
  • We rely on product packaging and data from third-party sources to provide the content to you, including dietary and allergen content. (
  • Scientists previously suggested that dietary sources of vitamin D were particularly important during the pandemic because many people had less exposure to the sun during the lockdown. (
  • Instead of being kind of myopic, close-minded to alternative dietary maybe we need to think outside the block and look at things a little bit differently. (
  • The second branch point represents the proportion of nitrogen from degraded protein that is recaptured as microbial protein. (
  • Nitrogen that is not recaptured as microbial protein is absorbed from the rumen as ammonia and converted to urea by the liver. (
  • See ConsumerLab's Protein Powders, Shakes, and Drinks Review for tests of related products. (
  • Diarrhea incidence in weaned pigs may be associated with the concentration of intestinal microbial metabolites (ammonia, amines, and VFA) that are influenced by dietary CP content. (
  • However, an excessive amount of dietary proteins may result in an increased intestinal production of potentially deleterious bacterial metabolites. (
  • In the present study, the inhibitory potency of resveratrol (RSV), a dietary polyphenol found in red wine, against the catalytic activity of DAPK1 was investigated. (
  • IQBAR low carb protein bars are made using simple ingredients + 6 amazing brain nutrients. (