Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
Fatty Acids, Omega-6
Fatty Acids, Omega-3
Body Fat Distribution
Body Mass Index
Rats, Inbred Strains
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Recommended Dietary Allowances
Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental
Bile Acids and Salts
Analysis of Variance
Trans Fatty Acids
Fatty Acids, Essential
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population. (1/8527)OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. PARTICIPANTS: Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women). METHOD: A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits. Information was obtained by interview. RESULTS: Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age. Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of < or = 300 mg; 60% had a fat intake < or = 30% of total energy; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats < or = 10%; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health. Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age. Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. The awareness of the value of wholemeal bread and polyunsaturated fat spreads was lower in this population compared with that in Australia. There was a marked difference in types of cooking oil compared with Singaporeans, the latter using more coconut/palm/mixed vegetable oils. CONCLUSION: Although the current intake pattern for cardiovascular health for fat, saturated fatty acid, and cholesterol fall within the recommended range for over 50% of the population, follow up surveys to monitor the pattern would be needed. Decreasing salt consumption, increasing calcium intake, and increasing the awareness of the health value of fibre may all be beneficial in the context of chronic disease prevention. (+info)
Dietary control of triglyceride and phospholipid synthesis in rat liver slices. (2/8527)1. The effect of dietary manipulation on the synthesis of triglycerides and phospholipids was investigated by determining the incorporation of labeled long-chain fatty acid or glycerol into these lipids in liver slices derived from normally fed, fasted, and fat-free refed rats. 2. Triglyceride synthesis was affected markedly by the dietary regime of the animal; the lowest rates were measured with fasted rats, and the highest ones with fat-free refed rats. 3. In contrast to triglyceride synthesis, phospholipid synthesis occured at virtually constant rates regardless of the dietary conditions. 4. Addition of large amounts of fatty acid to the incubation mixture resulted in a marked stimulation of triglyceride synthesis, whereas phospholipid synthesis was affected to a much smaller extent. 5. These results indicate that the synthesis of triglycerides and that of phospholipids are controlled independently, and that the availability of fatty acid in the cell contributes to the control of triglyceride synthesis. (+info)
Diet and risk of ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity: carbohydrate-fat relationships in rats. (3/8527)Nutritional status is a primary factor in the effects of xenobiotics and may be an important consideration in development of safety standards and assessment of risk. One important xenobiotic consumed daily by millions of people worldwide is alcohol. Some adverse effects of ethanol, such as alcohol liver disease, have been linked to diet. For example, ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in animal models requires diets that have a high percentage of the total calories as unsaturated fat. However, little attention has been given to the role of carbohydrates (or carbohydrate to fat ratio) in the effects of this important xenobiotic on liver injury. In the present study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (8-10/group) were infused (intragastrically) diets high in unsaturated fat (25 or 45% total calories), sufficient protein (16%) and ethanol (38%) in the presence or absence of adequate carbohydrate (21 or 2.5%) for 42-55 days (d). Animals infused ethanol-containing diets adequate in carbohydrate developed steatosis, but had no other signs of hepatic pathology. However, rats infused with the carbohydrate-deficient diet had a 4-fold increase in serum ALT levels (p < 0.05), an unexpectedly high (34-fold) induction of hepatic microsomal CYP2E1 apoprotein (p < 0.001), and focal necrosis. The strong positive association between low dietary carbohydrate, enhanced CYP2E1 induction and hepatic necrosis suggests that in the presence of low carbohydrate intake, ethanol induction of CYP2E1 is enhanced to levels sufficient to cause necrosis, possibly through reactive oxygen species and other free radicals generated by CYP2E1 metabolism of ethanol and unsaturated fatty acids. (+info)
Comparative hypocholesterolemic effects of five animal oils in cholesterol-fed rats. (4/8527)The hypocholesterolemic efficacy of various animal oils was compared in rats given a cholesterol-enriched diet. After acclimatization for one week, male F344 DuCrj rats (8 weeks of age) that had been fed with a conventional diet were assigned to diets containing 5% of oil from emu (Dromaius), Japanese Sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis, Heude), sardine, beef tallow, or lard with 0.5% cholesterol for 6 weeks. After this feeding period, the concentrations of serum total cholesterol and of very-low-density lipoprotein + intermediate-density lipoprotein + low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in the sardine oil group were significantly lower than those in the other groups. The serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration in the Japanese Sika deer oil group was significantly higher than that in the other groups. The atherosclerotic index and liver cholesterol concentration in the sardine oil and Japanese Sika deer oil groups were significantly lower than those in the other groups. The fecal cholesterol excretion by the Japanese Sika deer oil group was significantly higher than that of the other groups, except for the sardine oil group, and the fecal bile acid excretion by the sardine oil group was significantly higher than that of the other groups, except for the lard group. These results suggest that Japanese Sika deer oil reduced the atherosclerotic index and liver cholesterol concentration in the presence of excess cholesterol in the diet as well as sardine oil did by increasing the excretion of cholesterol from the intestines of rats. (+info)
Manipulation of the type of fat consumed by growing pigs affects plasma and mononuclear cell fatty acid compositions and lymphocyte and phagocyte functions. (5/8527)To investigate the immunological effect of feeding pigs different dietary lipids, 3-wk-old, weaned pigs were fed for 40 d on one of five diets, which differed only in the type of oil present (the oil contributed 5% by weight of the diet and the total fat content of the diets was 8% by weight). The oils used were soybean (control diet), high-oleic sunflower oil (HOSO), sunflower oil (SO), canola oil (CO), and fish oil (FO; rich in long-chain [n-3] polyunsaturared fatty acids). There were no significant differences in initial or final animal weights, weight gains, or health scores among the groups. There were no significant differences in the concentration of anti-Escherichia coli vaccine antibodies in the gut lumens of pigs fed the different diets. The fatty acid composition of the diet markedly affected the fatty acid composition of the plasma and of mononuclear cells (a mixture of lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages) prepared from the blood, lymph nodes, or thymus. The FO feeding resulted in a significant increase in the number of circulating granulocytes. The FO feeding significantly decreased the proportion of phagocytes engaged in uptake of E. coli and decreased the activity of those phagocytes that were active. The proliferation of lymphocytes in cultures of whole blood from pigs fed the HOSO, SO, or FO diets was less than in those from pigs fed the CO diet. Proliferation of lymph node lymphocytes from SO- or FO-fed pigs was less than that from control, CO-, or HOSO-fed pigs. The natural killer cell activity of blood lymphocytes from pigs fed the FO diet was significantly reduced compared with those from pigs fed the CO diet. The concentration of PGE2 in the medium of cultured blood, lymph node, or thymic mononuclear cells was lower if the cells came from pigs fed the FO diet. Thus, the type of oil included in the diet of growing pigs affects the numbers and functional activities of immune cells in different body compartments. (+info)
Lipoprotein lipase expression level influences tissue clearance of chylomicron retinyl ester. (6/8527)Approximately 25% of postprandial retinoid is cleared from the circulation by extrahepatic tissues. Little is known about physiologic factors important to this uptake. We hypothesized that lipoprotein lipase (LpL) contributes to extrahepatic clearance of chylomicron vitamin A. To investigate this, [3H]retinyl ester-containing rat mesenteric chylomicrons were injected intravenously into induced mutant mice and nutritionally manipulated rats. The tissue sites of uptake of 3H label by wild type mice and LpL-null mice overexpressing human LpL in muscle indicate that LpL expression does influence accumulation of chylomicron retinoid. Skeletal muscle from mice overexpressing human LpL accumulated 1.7- to 2.4-fold more 3H label than wild type. Moreover, heart tissue from mice overexpresssing human LpL, but lacking mouse LpL, accumulated less than half of the 3H-label taken up by wild type heart. Fasting and heparin injection, two factors that increase LpL activity in skeletal muscle, increased uptake of chylomicron [3H] retinoid by rat skeletal muscle. Using [3H]retinyl palmitate and its non-hydrolyzable analog retinyl [14C]hexadecyl ether incorporated into Intralipid emulsions, the importance of retinyl ester hydrolysis in this process was assessed. We observed that 3H label was taken up to a greater extent than 14C label by rat skeletal muscle, suggesting that retinoid uptake requires hydrolysis. In summary, for each of our experiments, the level of lipoprotein lipase expression in skeletal muscle, heart, and/or adipose tissue influenced the amount of [3H]retinoid taken up from chylomicrons and/or their remnants. (+info)
Increased insulin sensitivity and obesity resistance in mice lacking the protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B gene. (7/8527)Protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP-1B) has been implicated in the negative regulation of insulin signaling. Disruption of the mouse homolog of the gene encoding PTP-1B yielded healthy mice that, in the fed state, had blood glucose concentrations that were slightly lower and concentrations of circulating insulin that were one-half those of their PTP-1B+/+ littermates. The enhanced insulin sensitivity of the PTP-1B-/- mice was also evident in glucose and insulin tolerance tests. The PTP-1B-/- mice showed increased phosphorylation of the insulin receptor in liver and muscle tissue after insulin injection in comparison to PTP-1B+/+ mice. On a high-fat diet, the PTP-1B-/- and PTP-1B+/- mice were resistant to weight gain and remained insulin sensitive, whereas the PTP-1B+/+ mice rapidly gained weight and became insulin resistant. These results demonstrate that PTP-1B has a major role in modulating both insulin sensitivity and fuel metabolism, thereby establishing it as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. (+info)
Lower plasma levels and accelerated clearance of high density lipoprotein (HDL) and non-HDL cholesterol in scavenger receptor class B type I transgenic mice. (8/8527)Recent studies have indicated that the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) may play an important role in the uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester in liver and steroidogenic tissues. To investigate the in vivo effects of liver-specific SR-BI overexpression on lipid metabolism, we created several lines of SR-BI transgenic mice with an SR-BI genomic construct where the SR-BI promoter region had been replaced by the apolipoprotein (apo)A-I promoter. The effect of constitutively increased SR-BI expression on plasma HDL and non-HDL lipoproteins and apolipoproteins was characterized. There was an inverse correlation between SR-BI expression and apoA-I and HDL cholesterol levels in transgenic mice fed either mouse chow or a diet high in fat and cholesterol. An unexpected finding in the SR-BI transgenic mice was the dramatic impact of the SR-BI transgene on non-HDL cholesterol and apoB whose levels were also inversely correlated with SR-BI expression. Consistent with the decrease in plasma HDL and non-HDL cholesterol was an accelerated clearance of HDL, non-HDL, and their major associated apolipoproteins in the transgenics compared with control animals. These in vivo studies of the effect of SR-BI overexpression on plasma lipoproteins support the previously proposed hypothesis that SR-BI accelerates the metabolism of HDL and also highlight the capacity of this receptor to participate in the metabolism of non-HDL lipoproteins. (+info)
Body weight is an important health indicator, as it can affect an individual's risk for certain medical conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential for overall health and well-being, and there are many ways to do so, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle changes.
There are several ways to measure body weight, including:
1. Scale: This is the most common method of measuring body weight, and it involves standing on a scale that displays the individual's weight in kg or lb.
2. Body fat calipers: These are used to measure body fat percentage by pinching the skin at specific points on the body.
3. Skinfold measurements: This method involves measuring the thickness of the skin folds at specific points on the body to estimate body fat percentage.
4. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive method that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage.
5. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a more accurate method of measuring body composition, including bone density and body fat percentage.
It's important to note that body weight can fluctuate throughout the day due to factors such as water retention, so it's best to measure body weight at the same time each day for the most accurate results. Additionally, it's important to use a reliable scale or measuring tool to ensure accurate measurements.
There are several different types of obesity, including:
1. Central obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
2. Peripheral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat in the hips, thighs, and arms.
3. Visceral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
4. Mixed obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by both central and peripheral obesity.
Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lack of physical activity, poor diet, sleep deprivation, and certain medications. Treatment for obesity typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and a healthy diet, and in some cases, medication or surgery may be necessary to achieve weight loss.
Preventing obesity is important for overall health and well-being, and can be achieved through a variety of strategies, including:
1. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is low in added sugars, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates.
2. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
3. Getting enough sleep each night.
4. Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing.
5. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and quitting smoking.
6. Monitoring weight and body mass index (BMI) on a regular basis to identify any changes or potential health risks.
7. Seeking professional help from a healthcare provider or registered dietitian for personalized guidance on weight management and healthy lifestyle choices.
There are several different types of weight gain, including:
1. Clinical obesity: This is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher, and is typically associated with a range of serious health problems, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
2. Central obesity: This refers to excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
3. Muscle gain: This occurs when an individual gains weight due to an increase in muscle mass, rather than fat. This type of weight gain is generally considered healthy and can improve overall fitness and athletic performance.
4. Fat gain: This occurs when an individual gains weight due to an increase in body fat, rather than muscle or bone density. Fat gain can increase the risk of health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
Weight gain can be measured using a variety of methods, including:
1. Body mass index (BMI): This is a widely used measure of weight gain that compares an individual's weight to their height. A BMI of 18.5-24.9 is considered normal, while a BMI of 25-29.9 is considered overweight, and a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.
2. Waist circumference: This measures the distance around an individual's waistline and can be used to assess central obesity.
3. Skinfold measurements: These involve measuring the thickness of fat at specific points on the body, such as the abdomen or thighs.
4. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a non-invasive test that uses X-rays to measure bone density and body composition.
5. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive test that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage and other physiological parameters.
Causes of weight gain:
1. Poor diet: Consuming high amounts of processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats can lead to weight gain.
2. Lack of physical activity: Engaging in regular exercise can help burn calories and maintain a healthy weight.
3. Genetics: An individual's genetic makeup can affect their metabolism and body composition, making them more prone to weight gain.
4. Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in hormones such as insulin, thyroid, and cortisol can contribute to weight gain.
5. Medications: Certain medications, such as steroids and antidepressants, can cause weight gain as a side effect.
6. Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep can disrupt hormones that regulate appetite and metabolism, leading to weight gain.
7. Stress: Chronic stress can lead to emotional eating and weight gain.
8. Age: Metabolism slows down with age, making it more difficult to maintain a healthy weight.
9. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also contribute to weight gain.
Treatment options for obesity:
1. Lifestyle modifications: A combination of diet, exercise, and stress management techniques can help individuals achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
2. Medications: Prescription medications such as orlistat, phentermine-topiramate, and liraglutide can aid in weight loss.
3. Bariatric surgery: Surgical procedures such as gastric bypass surgery and sleeve gastrectomy can be effective for severe obesity.
4. Behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of counseling can help individuals develop healthy eating habits and improve their physical activity levels.
5. Meal replacement plans: Meal replacement plans such as Medifast can provide individuals with a structured diet that is high in protein, fiber, and vitamins, and low in calories and sugar.
6. Weight loss supplements: Supplements such as green tea extract, garcinia cambogia, and forskolin can help boost weight loss efforts.
7. Portion control: Using smaller plates and measuring cups can help individuals regulate their portion sizes and maintain a healthy weight.
8. Mindful eating: Paying attention to hunger and fullness cues, eating slowly, and savoring food can help individuals develop healthy eating habits.
9. Physical activity: Engaging in regular physical activity such as walking, running, swimming, or cycling can help individuals burn calories and maintain a healthy weight.
It's important to note that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating obesity, and the most effective treatment plan will depend on the individual's specific needs and circumstances. Consulting with a healthcare professional such as a registered dietitian or a physician can help individuals develop a personalized treatment plan that is safe and effective.
Fat embolism is a condition that occurs when fat droplets enter the bloodstream and get stuck in a blood vessel, causing a blockage. This can lead to serious complications, such as respiratory failure or death.
Causes of Fat Embolism
Fat embolism can occur due to various reasons, including:
* Trauma or injury: A blow to the body can cause fat droplets to enter the bloodstream.
* Surgery: Certain surgeries, such as hip replacement or knee replacement, can disrupt the fat tissue and cause it to enter the bloodstream.
* Cancer: Some types of cancer, such as multiple myeloma or osteosarcoma, can cause fat embolism.
* Bone fractures: A fracture in a bone can cause fat droplets to enter the bloodstream.
Symptoms of Fat Embolism
The symptoms of fat embolism can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:
* Shortness of breath
* Chest pain or discomfort
* Rapid heart rate
* Coughing up blood
* Confusion or altered mental state
* Weakness or numbness in the legs
Diagnosis and Treatment of Fat Embolism
Diagnosing fat embolism can be challenging, as it may resemble other conditions such as pulmonary embolism or pneumonia. However, a doctor may use various tests, including:
* Chest X-ray: To look for signs of fluid accumulation in the lungs.
* CT scan: To visualize the fat droplets in the blood vessels.
* Blood tests: To check for signs of inflammation or infection.
Treatment for fat embolism typically involves supportive care, such as:
* Oxygen therapy: To help improve oxygen levels in the body.
* Pain management: To relieve chest pain and discomfort.
* Antibiotics: To prevent or treat any secondary infections.
* Medications to dissolve blood clots: To prevent further complications.
In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to remove the fat droplets from the blood vessels.
Prevention of Fat Embolism
Preventing fat embolism can be challenging, as it is a rare condition that can occur unexpectedly. However, there are some measures that may help reduce the risk, such as:
* Maintaining a healthy weight: To reduce the amount of fat that can enter the bloodstream.
* Exercising regularly: To improve circulation and reduce the risk of blood clots.
* Avoiding long periods of immobility: To reduce the risk of blood clots forming in the legs.
Fat embolism is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that can occur when fat enters the bloodstream and causes blockages in the blood vessels. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent complications and improve outcomes. If you suspect you or someone else may have fat embolism, seek medical attention immediately.
There are many different approaches to weight loss, and what works best for one person may not work for another. Some common strategies for weight loss include:
* Caloric restriction: Reducing daily caloric intake to create a calorie deficit that promotes weight loss.
* Portion control: Eating smaller amounts of food and avoiding overeating.
* Increased physical activity: Engaging in regular exercise, such as walking, running, swimming, or weightlifting, to burn more calories and build muscle mass.
* Behavioral modifications: Changing habits and behaviors related to eating and exercise, such as keeping a food diary or enlisting the support of a weight loss buddy.
Weight loss can have numerous health benefits, including:
* Improved blood sugar control
* Reduced risk of heart disease and stroke
* Lowered blood pressure
* Improved joint health and reduced risk of osteoarthritis
* Improved sleep quality
* Boosted mood and reduced stress levels
* Increased energy levels
However, weight loss can also be challenging, and it is important to approach it in a healthy and sustainable way. Crash diets and other extreme weight loss methods are not effective in the long term and can lead to nutrient deficiencies and other negative health consequences. Instead, it is important to focus on making sustainable lifestyle changes that can be maintained over time.
Some common misconceptions about weight loss include:
* All weight loss methods are effective for everyone.
* Weight loss should always be the primary goal of a fitness or health program.
* Crash diets and other extreme weight loss methods are a good way to lose weight quickly.
* Weight loss supplements and fad diets are a reliable way to achieve significant weight loss.
The most effective ways to lose weight and maintain weight loss include:
* Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is high in nutrient-dense foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
* Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, running, swimming, or weight training.
* Getting enough sleep and managing stress levels.
* Aiming for a gradual weight loss of 1-2 pounds per week.
* Focusing on overall health and wellness rather than just the number on the scale.
It is important to remember that weight loss is not always linear and can vary from week to week. It is also important to be patient and consistent with your weight loss efforts, as it can take time to see significant results.
Overall, weight loss can be a challenging but rewarding process, and it is important to approach it in a healthy and sustainable way. By focusing on overall health and wellness rather than just the number on the scale, you can achieve a healthy weight and improve your overall quality of life.
Examples of 'Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental' in a sentence:
1. The researchers studied the effects of hormone therapy on mammary neoplasms in experimental animals to better understand its potential role in human breast cancer.
2. The lab used mice with genetic mutations that predispose them to developing mammary neoplasms to test the efficacy of new cancer drugs.
3. In order to investigate the link between obesity and breast cancer, the researchers conducted experiments on mammary neoplasms in rats with diet-induced obesity.
Cocarcinogenesis can occur through various mechanisms, such as:
1. Synergistic effects: The combined effect of two or more substances is greater than the sum of their individual effects. For example, smoking and exposure to asbestos can increase the risk of lung cancer more than either factor alone.
2. Antagonism: One substance may counteract the protective effects of another substance, leading to an increased risk of cancer. For example, alcohol consumption may antagonize the protective effects of a healthy diet against liver cancer.
3. Potentiation: One substance may enhance the carcinogenic effects of another substance. For example, smoking can potentiate the carcinogenic effects of exposure to certain chemicals in tobacco smoke.
4. Multistage carcinogenesis: Cocarcinogens can contribute to the development of cancer through multiple stages of carcinogenesis, including initiation, promotion, and progression.
Understanding cocarcinogenesis is important for developing effective cancer prevention strategies and for identifying potential co-carcinogens in our environment and diet. By identifying and avoiding co-carcinogens, we can reduce our risk of cancer and improve our overall health.
There are several factors that can contribute to the development of insulin resistance, including:
1. Genetics: Insulin resistance can be inherited, and some people may be more prone to developing the condition based on their genetic makeup.
2. Obesity: Excess body fat, particularly around the abdominal area, can contribute to insulin resistance.
3. Physical inactivity: A sedentary lifestyle can lead to insulin resistance.
4. Poor diet: Consuming a diet high in refined carbohydrates and sugar can contribute to insulin resistance.
5. Other medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and Cushing's syndrome, can increase the risk of developing insulin resistance.
6. Medications: Certain medications, such as steroids and some antipsychotic drugs, can increase insulin resistance.
7. Hormonal imbalances: Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause can lead to insulin resistance.
8. Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea can contribute to insulin resistance.
9. Chronic stress: Chronic stress can lead to insulin resistance.
10. Aging: Insulin resistance tends to increase with age, particularly after the age of 45.
There are several ways to diagnose insulin resistance, including:
1. Fasting blood sugar test: This test measures the level of glucose in the blood after an overnight fast.
2. Glucose tolerance test: This test measures the body's ability to regulate blood sugar levels after consuming a sugary drink.
3. Insulin sensitivity test: This test measures the body's ability to respond to insulin.
4. Homeostatic model assessment (HOMA): This is a mathematical formula that uses the results of a fasting glucose and insulin test to estimate insulin resistance.
5. Adiponectin test: This test measures the level of adiponectin, a protein produced by fat cells that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Low levels of adiponectin are associated with insulin resistance.
There is no cure for insulin resistance, but it can be managed through lifestyle changes and medication. Lifestyle changes include:
1. Diet: A healthy diet that is low in processed carbohydrates and added sugars can help improve insulin sensitivity.
2. Exercise: Regular physical activity, such as aerobic exercise and strength training, can improve insulin sensitivity.
3. Weight loss: Losing weight, particularly around the abdominal area, can improve insulin sensitivity.
4. Stress management: Strategies to manage stress, such as meditation or yoga, can help improve insulin sensitivity.
5. Sleep: Getting adequate sleep is important for maintaining healthy insulin levels.
Medications that may be used to treat insulin resistance include:
1. Metformin: This is a commonly used medication to treat type 2 diabetes and improve insulin sensitivity.
2. Thiazolidinediones (TZDs): These medications, such as pioglitazone, improve insulin sensitivity by increasing the body's ability to use insulin.
3. Sulfonylureas: These medications stimulate the release of insulin from the pancreas, which can help improve insulin sensitivity.
4. DPP-4 inhibitors: These medications, such as sitagliptin, work by reducing the breakdown of the hormone incretin, which helps to increase insulin secretion and improve insulin sensitivity.
5. GLP-1 receptor agonists: These medications, such as exenatide, mimic the action of the hormone GLP-1 and help to improve insulin sensitivity.
It is important to note that these medications may have side effects, so it is important to discuss the potential benefits and risks with your healthcare provider before starting treatment. Additionally, lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise can also be effective in improving insulin sensitivity and managing blood sugar levels.
The symptoms of fat necrosis can vary depending on the location and extent of the affected tissue. In some cases, there may be no symptoms at all, while in others, there may be pain, swelling, redness, and warmth in the affected area. If the condition becomes severe, it can lead to the formation of a fat necrosis mass or abscess, which can be painful and tender to the touch.
Fat necrosis is typically diagnosed through imaging studies such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI. A biopsy may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions.
Treatment of fat necrosis depends on the severity of the condition and can range from conservative measures such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to surgical intervention in more severe cases. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed if there is an underlying infection.
Preventing fat necrosis is challenging, but it can be minimized by avoiding trauma or injury to the affected area, maintaining good wound care, and managing any underlying medical conditions that may contribute to the development of the condition.
There are several types of hypercholesterolemia, including:
1. Familial hypercholesterolemia: This is an inherited condition that causes high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, also known as "bad" cholesterol, in the blood.
2. Non-familial hypercholesterolemia: This type of hypercholesterolemia is not inherited and can be caused by a variety of factors, such as a high-fat diet, lack of exercise, obesity, and certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
3. Mixed hypercholesterolemia: This type of hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high levels of both LDL and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the blood.
The diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia is typically made based on a physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests, such as a lipid profile, which measures the levels of different types of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Treatment for hypercholesterolemia usually involves lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and regular exercise, and may also include medication, such as statins, to lower cholesterol levels.
There are several types of colonic neoplasms, including:
1. Adenomas: These are benign growths that are usually precursors to colorectal cancer.
2. Carcinomas: These are malignant tumors that arise from the epithelial lining of the colon.
3. Sarcomas: These are rare malignant tumors that arise from the connective tissue of the colon.
4. Lymphomas: These are cancers of the immune system that can affect the colon.
Colonic neoplasms can cause a variety of symptoms, including bleeding, abdominal pain, and changes in bowel habits. They are often diagnosed through a combination of medical imaging tests (such as colonoscopy or CT scan) and biopsy. Treatment for colonic neoplasms depends on the type and stage of the tumor, and may include surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy.
Overall, colonic neoplasms are a common condition that can have serious consequences if left untreated. It is important for individuals to be aware of their risk factors and to undergo regular screening for colon cancer to help detect and treat any abnormal growths or tumors in the colon.
Definition: Hyperphagia is a condition characterized by excessive hunger and overeating, often seen in individuals with certain medical or psychiatric conditions.
Hyperphagia can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
* Hormonal imbalances, such as low levels of leptin or high levels of ghrelin
* Certain medications, such as steroids and some antidepressants
* Medical conditions, such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
* Psychiatric conditions, such as binge eating disorder and other eating disorders
* Sleep deprivation or disruptions in the body's circadian rhythms
Symptoms of hyperphagia may include:
* Increased hunger and desire to eat
* Overeating or consuming large amounts of food
* Difficulty controlling food intake
* Feeling anxious or irritable when unable to eat
* Weight gain or obesity
Treatment for hyperphagia typically involves addressing the underlying cause, such as hormonal imbalances or psychiatric conditions. This may involve medication, therapy, or lifestyle changes. In some cases, weight loss strategies and nutrition counseling may also be helpful.
It is important to note that hyperphagia can have serious health consequences, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other metabolic disorders. If you suspect you or someone you know may be experiencing hyperphagia, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.
There are two main types of fatty liver disease:
1. Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD): This type of fatty liver disease is caused by excessive alcohol consumption and is the most common cause of fatty liver disease in the United States.
2. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): This type of fatty liver disease is not caused by alcohol consumption and is the most common cause of fatty liver disease worldwide. It is often associated with obesity, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
There are several risk factors for developing fatty liver disease, including:
* Physical inactivity
* High calorie intake
* Alcohol consumption
* High cholesterol
* High triglycerides
* History of liver disease
Symptoms of fatty liver disease can include:
* Abdominal discomfort
* Loss of appetite
* Nausea and vomiting
* Abnormal liver function tests
Diagnosis of fatty liver disease is typically made through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and diagnostic tests such as:
* Liver biopsy
* Imaging studies (ultrasound, CT or MRI scans)
* Blood tests (lipid profile, glucose, insulin, and liver function tests)
Treatment of fatty liver disease depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, exercise, and a healthy diet can help improve the condition. In severe cases, medications such as antioxidants, fibric acids, and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed. In some cases, surgery or other procedures may be necessary.
Prevention of fatty liver disease includes:
* Maintaining a healthy weight
* Eating a balanced diet low in sugar and saturated fats
* Engaging in regular physical activity
* Limiting alcohol consumption
* Managing underlying medical conditions such as diabetes and high cholesterol.
There are several types of hyperlipidemia, including:
1. High cholesterol: This is the most common type of hyperlipidemia and is characterized by elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, also known as "bad" cholesterol.
2. High triglycerides: This type of hyperlipidemia is characterized by elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood that is used for energy.
3. Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol: HDL cholesterol is known as "good" cholesterol because it helps remove excess cholesterol from the bloodstream and transport it to the liver for excretion. Low levels of HDL cholesterol can contribute to hyperlipidemia.
Symptoms of hyperlipidemia may include xanthomas (fatty deposits on the skin), corneal arcus (a cloudy ring around the iris of the eye), and tendon xanthomas (tender lumps under the skin). However, many people with hyperlipidemia have no symptoms at all.
Hyperlipidemia can be diagnosed through a series of blood tests that measure the levels of different types of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Treatment for hyperlipidemia typically involves dietary changes, such as reducing intake of saturated fats and cholesterol, and increasing physical activity. Medications such as statins, fibric acid derivatives, and bile acid sequestrants may also be prescribed to lower cholesterol levels.
In severe cases of hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) can occur, which can lead to cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and strokes. Therefore, it is important to diagnose and treat hyperlipidemia early on to prevent these complications.
Being overweight can increase the risk of various health problems, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain types of cancer. It can also affect a person's mental health and overall quality of life.
There are several ways to assess whether someone is overweight or not. One common method is using the BMI, which is calculated based on height and weight. Another method is measuring body fat percentage, which can be done with specialized tools such as skinfold calipers or bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA).
Losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight can be achieved through a combination of diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes. Some examples of healthy weight loss strategies include:
* Eating a balanced diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein sources
* Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, running, swimming, or weight training
* Avoiding fad diets and quick fixes
* Getting enough sleep and managing stress levels
* Setting realistic weight loss goals and tracking progress over time.
1. Coronary artery disease: The narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart.
2. Heart failure: A condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.
3. Arrhythmias: Abnormal heart rhythms that can be too fast, too slow, or irregular.
4. Heart valve disease: Problems with the heart valves that control blood flow through the heart.
5. Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy): Disease of the heart muscle that can lead to heart failure.
6. Congenital heart disease: Defects in the heart's structure and function that are present at birth.
7. Peripheral artery disease: The narrowing or blockage of blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the arms, legs, and other organs.
8. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot that forms in a deep vein, usually in the leg.
9. Pulmonary embolism: A blockage in one of the arteries in the lungs, which can be caused by a blood clot or other debris.
10. Stroke: A condition in which there is a lack of oxygen to the brain due to a blockage or rupture of blood vessels.
There are several types of malabsorption syndromes, including:
1. Celiac disease: An autoimmune disorder that damages the lining of the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption.
2. Crohn's disease: An inflammatory bowel disease that can damage the small intestine and lead to malabsorption.
3. Whipple's disease: A bacterial infection that causes inflammation and damage to the small intestine.
4. Giant cell enteropathy: An immune-mediated disorder that damages the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption.
5. Postoperative malabsorption: Malabsorption that occurs after surgery on the small intestine.
6. Pancreatic insufficiency: A condition in which the pancreas is unable to produce enough digestive enzymes to break down food properly.
7. Bacterial overgrowth: An overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine can interfere with nutrient absorption.
8. Food allergies or intolerances: Certain foods can cause an immune response or irritation to the small intestine, leading to malabsorption.
The symptoms of malabsorption syndromes vary depending on the specific disorder and the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, and nutrient deficiencies. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the malabsorption and may involve dietary changes, medication, or surgery.
1) They share similarities with humans: Many animal species share similar biological and physiological characteristics with humans, making them useful for studying human diseases. For example, mice and rats are often used to study diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer because they have similar metabolic and cardiovascular systems to humans.
2) They can be genetically manipulated: Animal disease models can be genetically engineered to develop specific diseases or to model human genetic disorders. This allows researchers to study the progression of the disease and test potential treatments in a controlled environment.
3) They can be used to test drugs and therapies: Before new drugs or therapies are tested in humans, they are often first tested in animal models of disease. This allows researchers to assess the safety and efficacy of the treatment before moving on to human clinical trials.
4) They can provide insights into disease mechanisms: Studying disease models in animals can provide valuable insights into the underlying mechanisms of a particular disease. This information can then be used to develop new treatments or improve existing ones.
5) Reduces the need for human testing: Using animal disease models reduces the need for human testing, which can be time-consuming, expensive, and ethically challenging. However, it is important to note that animal models are not perfect substitutes for human subjects, and results obtained from animal studies may not always translate to humans.
6) They can be used to study infectious diseases: Animal disease models can be used to study infectious diseases such as HIV, TB, and malaria. These models allow researchers to understand how the disease is transmitted, how it progresses, and how it responds to treatment.
7) They can be used to study complex diseases: Animal disease models can be used to study complex diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. These models allow researchers to understand the underlying mechanisms of the disease and test potential treatments.
8) They are cost-effective: Animal disease models are often less expensive than human clinical trials, making them a cost-effective way to conduct research.
9) They can be used to study drug delivery: Animal disease models can be used to study drug delivery and pharmacokinetics, which is important for developing new drugs and drug delivery systems.
10) They can be used to study aging: Animal disease models can be used to study the aging process and age-related diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. This allows researchers to understand how aging contributes to disease and develop potential treatments.
In medicine, thinness is sometimes used as a diagnostic criterion for certain conditions, such as anorexia nervosa or cancer cachexia. In these cases, thinness can be a sign of a serious underlying condition that requires medical attention.
However, it's important to note that thinness alone is not enough to diagnose any medical condition. Other factors, such as a person's overall health, medical history, and physical examination findings, must also be taken into account when making a diagnosis. Additionally, it's important to recognize that being underweight or having a low BMI does not necessarily mean that someone is unhealthy or has a medical condition. Many people with a healthy weight and body composition can still experience negative health effects from societal pressure to be thin.
Overall, the concept of thinness in medicine is complex and multifaceted, and it's important for healthcare providers to consider all relevant factors when evaluating a patient's weight and overall health.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed through a combination of diet, exercise, and medication. In some cases, lifestyle changes may be enough to control blood sugar levels, while in other cases, medication or insulin therapy may be necessary. Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels and follow-up with a healthcare provider are important for managing the condition and preventing complications.
Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:
* Increased thirst and urination
* Blurred vision
* Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
* Tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
* Recurring skin, gum, or bladder infections
If left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to a range of complications, including:
* Heart disease and stroke
* Kidney damage and failure
* Nerve damage and pain
* Eye damage and blindness
* Foot damage and amputation
The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is not known, but it is believed to be linked to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors, such as:
* Obesity and excess body weight
* Lack of physical activity
* Poor diet and nutrition
* Age and family history
* Certain ethnicities (e.g., African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native American)
* History of gestational diabetes or delivering a baby over 9 lbs.
There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but it can be managed and controlled through a combination of lifestyle changes and medication. With proper treatment and self-care, people with type 2 diabetes can lead long, healthy lives.
1. Abdominal obesity (excess fat around the waistline)
2. High blood pressure (hypertension)
3. Elevated fasting glucose (high blood sugar)
4. High serum triglycerides (elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood)
5. Low HDL cholesterol (low levels of "good" cholesterol)
Having three or more of these conditions is considered a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome X. It is estimated that approximately 34% of adults in the United States have this syndrome, and it is more common in women than men. Risk factors for developing metabolic syndrome include obesity, lack of physical activity, poor diet, and a family history of type 2 diabetes or CVD.
The term "metabolic syndrome" was first introduced in the medical literature in the late 1980s, and since then, it has been the subject of extensive research. The exact causes of metabolic syndrome are not yet fully understood, but it is believed to be related to insulin resistance, inflammation, and changes in body fat distribution.
Treatment for metabolic syndrome typically involves lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, regular physical activity, and a healthy diet. Medications such as blood pressure-lowering drugs, cholesterol-lowering drugs, and anti-diabetic medications may also be prescribed if necessary. It is important to note that not everyone with metabolic syndrome will develop type 2 diabetes or CVD, but the risk is increased. Therefore, early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing these complications.
Types of Lipid Metabolism Disorders:
1. Hyperlipidemia: Elevated levels of lipids in the blood, including cholesterol and triglycerides.
2. Hypolipidemia: Low levels of lipids in the blood.
3. Lipoprotein disorders: Abnormalities in the structure or function of lipoproteins, such as chylomicrons, very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and high-density lipoproteins (HDL).
4. Cholesteryl ester storage disease: A rare genetic disorder characterized by the accumulation of cholesteryl esters in the body, leading to progressive damage to the liver, heart, and other organs.
5. Familial dyslipidemia: Inherited disorders that affect the metabolism of lipids, such as familial hypercholesterolemia (elevated LDL levels) or familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (low HDL and LDL levels).
6. Glycogen storage disease type III: A rare genetic disorder that affects the metabolism of lipids and carbohydrates, leading to the accumulation of fat in the liver and other organs.
7. Lipid-lowering drug therapy: The use of medications, such as statins, to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
8. Pediatric lipidemias: Lipid disorders that affect children and adolescents, such as familial hypercholesterolemia in children.
9. Pregnancy-related lipid metabolism disorders: Changes in lipid metabolism during pregnancy, which can lead to the development of gestational diabetes and other complications.
10. Severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (SARS): A severe inflammatory lung disease that can cause abnormal lipid metabolism and fat accumulation in the lungs.
11. X-linked dystonia-Parkinsonism: A rare genetic disorder that affects the brain and nervous system, leading to movement disorders and other symptoms.
These are just a few examples of the many different types of lipid metabolism disorders that exist. Each type has its own set of symptoms, causes, and treatment options, and it is important to work with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for each individual case.
There are different types of Breast Neoplasms such as:
1. Fibroadenomas: These are benign tumors that are made up of glandular and fibrous tissues. They are usually small and round, with a smooth surface, and can be moved easily under the skin.
2. Cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in both breast tissue and milk ducts. They are usually benign and can disappear on their own or be drained surgically.
3. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): This is a precancerous condition where abnormal cells grow inside the milk ducts. If left untreated, it can progress to invasive breast cancer.
4. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): This is the most common type of breast cancer and starts in the milk ducts but grows out of them and invades surrounding tissue.
5. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): It originates in the milk-producing glands (lobules) and grows out of them, invading nearby tissue.
Breast Neoplasms can cause various symptoms such as a lump or thickening in the breast or underarm area, skin changes like redness or dimpling, change in size or shape of one or both breasts, discharge from the nipple, and changes in the texture or color of the skin.
Treatment options for Breast Neoplasms may include surgery such as lumpectomy, mastectomy, or breast-conserving surgery, radiation therapy which uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells, chemotherapy using drugs to kill cancer cells, targeted therapy which uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack cancer cells while minimizing harm to normal cells, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and clinical trials.
It is important to note that not all Breast Neoplasms are cancerous; some are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that do not spread or grow.
There are several causes of hypertriglyceridemia, including:
* Genetics: Some people may inherit a tendency to have high triglyceride levels due to genetic mutations that affect the genes involved in triglyceride metabolism.
* Obesity: Excess body weight is associated with higher triglyceride levels, as there is more fat available for energy.
* Diabetes: Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to high triglyceride levels due to insulin resistance and altered glucose metabolism.
* High-carbohydrate diet: Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates, particularly refined or simple carbohydrates, can cause a spike in blood triglycerides.
* Alcohol consumption: Drinking too much alcohol can increase triglyceride levels in the blood.
* Certain medications: Some drugs, such as anabolic steroids and some antidepressants, can raise triglyceride levels.
* Underlying medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism, kidney disease, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can also contribute to high triglyceride levels.
Hypertriglyceridemia is typically diagnosed with a blood test that measures the level of triglycerides in the blood. Treatment options for hypertriglyceridemia depend on the underlying cause of the condition, but may include lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, dietary changes, and medications to lower triglyceride levels.
Causes of Vitamin A Deficiency:
1. Poor diet: A diet that is deficient in vitamin A-rich foods, such as dark leafy greens, liver, and dairy products, can lead to a deficiency.
2. Malabsorption: Certain medical conditions, such as celiac disease, Crohn's disease, and pancreatic insufficiency, can impair the body's ability to absorb vitamin A from food.
3. Pregnancy and lactation: The increased demand for nutrients during pregnancy and lactation can lead to a deficiency if the diet does not provide enough vitamin A.
4. Chronic diseases: Certain chronic diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and kidney disease, can increase the risk of vitamin A deficiency.
Symptoms of Vitamin A Deficiency:
1. Night blindness: Difficulty seeing in low light environments, such as at night or in dimly lit rooms.
2. Blindness: In severe cases, vitamin A deficiency can lead to complete blindness.
3. Dry skin: Vitamin A is important for healthy skin, and a deficiency can cause dry, rough skin that may be prone to dermatitis.
4. Increased risk of infections: Vitamin A plays a role in immune function, and a deficiency can increase the risk of respiratory, gastrointestinal, and other infections.
5. Bitot's spot: A condition that causes white patches on the cornea, which can be a sign of vitamin A deficiency.
6. Dry eyes: Vitamin A is important for healthy tear production, and a deficiency can cause dry, itchy eyes.
7. Weakened immune system: Vitamin A plays a role in immune function, and a deficiency can weaken the body's ability to fight off infections.
8. Increased risk of cancer: Some studies suggest that a vitamin A deficiency may increase the risk of certain types of cancer, such as colon, breast, and lung cancer.
9. Reproductive problems: Vitamin A is important for reproductive health, and a deficiency can cause irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, and other reproductive problems.
10. Poor wound healing: Vitamin A is important for healthy skin and wound healing, and a deficiency can cause poor wound healing and an increased risk of infection.
In conclusion, vitamin A deficiency is a common problem worldwide, especially in developing countries, and can have serious consequences if left untreated. It is important to ensure adequate intake of vitamin A through diet or supplements, particularly for pregnant women, children, and individuals with chronic illnesses. If you suspect you may have a vitamin A deficiency, it is important to speak with your healthcare provider to determine the appropriate course of treatment.
Food Addicts Anonymous
List of unsaturated fatty acids
Fatty acid ester
Uncle Sam (cereal)
List of phobias
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
Lifestyle causes of type 2 diabetes
Health in Bahrain
Diseases of poverty
Cinnamon Toast Crunch
Baba Hari Dass
Selective androgen receptor modulator
Alice H. Lichtenstein
Burger King legal issues
Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations
Dementia with Lewy bodies
Lists of foods
Dietary Fats: MedlinePlus
Dietary Fats: MedlinePlus
Rethinking Dietary Saturated Fat - IFT.org
Dietary fats influence endoplasmic reticulum membrane | National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Browsing by Subject "Dietary Fats"
Weighing in on Dietary Fats | NIH News in Health
Preventing Chronic Disease | Missed Opportunities for Providing Low-Fat Dietary Advice to People With Diabetes - CDC
NIH Guide: BIOMARKERS OF DIETARY FAT IN POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN
Grant Abstract: Epigenetics of Dietary and Body Fat in Drosophila
Experts to Challenge Dietary Myths about Fats, Salt, Plant-Based Diets - The Weston A. Price Foundation
Flipping the Switch: Dietary fat, changes in fat metabolism may promote prostate cancer metastasis | BIDMC of Boston
Mom's Dietary Fat Rewires Male and Female Brains Differently - Neuroscience News
Dietary fat intake, pesticide use, and Parkinson's disease - PubMed
New trans fat dietary guidelines proposed by American Heart Association, but AHA fails to suggest consumers should avoid all...
Dietary sodium, potassium, saturated fat, alcohol, and stroke mortality - PubMed
Best Dietary Fats, Good and Bad Fats Guide, Good Fats vs Bad Fats
Amelioration of Metabolic Syndrome-Associated Cognitive Impairments in Mice via a Reduction in Dietary Fat Content or Infusion...
I Doubly Labeled Water Data Used to Predict Energy Expenditure | Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat...
Dietary Fats: Types and Tips for a Healthier Diet
Dietary n-6 to n-3 fatty acid ratio is related to liver fat content independent of genetic effects : Evidence from the...
Higher baseline dietary fat and fatty acid intake is associated with increased risk of incident prostate cancer in the SABOR...
Dietary Fat: The good, the bad and the ugly - Research Tuesdays Seminar Series
Association of Types of Dietary Fats and All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study and Meta-Analysis...
Subjects: Dietary Fats -- metabolism - Digital Collections - National Library of Medicine Search Results
Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease<...
Will Eating Dietary Fats Make You Fat? - MeowMeix
Activation of TRPV1 channel by dietary capsaicin improves visceral fat remodeling through connexin43-mediated Ca2+ Influx |...
News | Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
- Excessive dietary fat intake has been linked to increased risk for obesity, coronary heart disease, and certain cancers (1,2). (cdc.gov)
- The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), conducted by CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), provides data to monitor changes in the dietary, nutritional, and health status of the U.S. population (3) and to track progress toward achieving the national health objectives for the year 2000, including that related to dietary fat intake (1). (cdc.gov)
- Total food energy intake (TFEI) was defined as all nutrients (i.e., protein, fat, carbohydrate, and alcohol) derived from consumption of foods and beverages (excluding plain drinking water), measured in kilocalories (kcal). (cdc.gov)
- Total dietary fat intake was defined as all fat (i.e., saturated and unsaturated) derived from consumption of foods and beverages, measured in grams. (cdc.gov)
- Although the findings in this report indicate a decline in the mean percentage of TFEI derived from total dietary fat and from saturated fat, these intake levels remain higher than the year 2000 objective. (cdc.gov)
- A significant positive association was found between risk of breast cancer and intake of fats, protein and calories. (who.int)
- Adjusted odds ratios for the highest quartile of intake versus the lowest were 2.43 for saturated fat, 2.25 for animal protein, 2.12 for polyunsaturated fat, 1.88 for cholesterol and 2.69 for total energy from dietary intake. (who.int)
- The mean age sociation between fat intake and breast of Saudi women with breast cancer is 47 cancer [ 1 ]. (who.int)
- With increasing prosperity and com- urated fat intake [ 2 ], whereas others dem- mercial exposure of the population of Saudi onstrated a reduced risk due to total and Arabia, there has been an influx of western polyunsaturated fat intake [ 3 ]. (who.int)
- Recommended daily intake of fat, is a low fat diet plan healthy? (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Many health problems are related to excessive and poor quality fat intake. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Trials fulfilled the following criteria: 1) randomised with appropriate control group, 2) intention to reduce or modify fat or cholesterol intake (excluding exclusively omega-3 fat interventions), 3) not multi factorial, 4) adult humans with or without cardiovascular disease, 5) intervention at least six months, 6) mortality or cardiovascular morbidity data available. (uea.ac.uk)
- The objective of the dietary interview component is to obtain detailed dietary intake information from the NHANES participants. (cdc.gov)
- The dietary intake data are used to estimate the types and amounts of foods and beverages consumed during the 24-hour period prior to the interview (midnight to midnight), and to estimate intakes of energy, nutrients, and other food components from those foods and beverages. (cdc.gov)
- Following the dietary recall, respondents are asked questions on water consumption during the previous 24-hour period, salt use, and whether the person's intake on the previous day was usual or unusual. (cdc.gov)
- This release of the dietary intake data represents, for the first time, the integration of two nationwide dietary intake surveys - USDA's Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) and DHHS's National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). (cdc.gov)
- Recently, dietary guidelines moved away from limiting cholesterol intake in the diet, and this has resulted in confusion. (cdc.gov)
- To address it, Pillay stresses, requires both shifts in dietary intake at an individual level and regulation, such as the sugar tax. (who.int)
- People in cold climates need more dietary fats than others, as a diet high in fat is superior to a carbohydrate diet for supplying internal heat. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- This study highlights that both carbohydrates and fat are important, but which foods you eat that contain fat or carbohydrate is even more important when it comes to how long you live. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- The analysis adds more weight to the global call to go beyond macro-nutrients (protein, fat and carbohydrate which are the major constituents of food) and to look carefully at actual food and drinks consumed. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- Our report highlighted that a number of dietary patterns that vary in fat and carbohydrate type and quality are associated with lower heart disease risk. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- Epidemiological data links dietary fats (and obesity) to many types of cancer, and rates of cancer deaths from metastatic cancers including prostate cancer are much higher in the United States than in nations where lower fat diets are more common. (bidmc.org)
- Unfortunately, many studies have found that overconsumption of saturated fats is one of the leading causes of obesity, heart disease and several other serious health conditions , such as unhealthy LDL "bad" cholesterol levels and stroke. (communitynurse.org)
- Growing scientific evidence is showing that dairy fat is not the bad guy and that dairy products like milk, cheese, and yoghurt - including full-fat varieties - may even be protective for heart disease and associated risk factors like blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and obesity. (fonterra.com)
- Dietary fat, whether saturated or not, is not a cause of obesity, heart disease, or any other chronic disease of civilization. (medscape.com)
- Obesity is a disorder of excess fat accumulation, not overeating, and not sedentary behavior. (medscape.com)
- Just about every diet recommends reducing saturated fats, such as butter and cheese, and replacing them with unsaturated fats, such as vegetable oil and fatty fish. (cnn.com)
Cutting saturated fats1
- When cutting saturated fats from your diet, carefully consider what you will eat instead. (harvard.edu)
- Fat has twice as many calories as proteins or carbohydrates. (medlineplus.gov)
- There are 9 calories in 1 g of fat, which in comparison to the calories in 1 g of protein (4 kcal/g) or carbohydrates (4 kcal/g), is more than double the calories. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- When eating foods high in fat, it is easy to consume too many calories which can cause weight gain. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- The 2015 dietary guidelines advise limiting saturated fats to no more than 10% of daily calories. (cnn.com)
- About half the participants received diets that contained 18.5% saturated fat and 5% unsaturated fat, based on total calories, and the other half got diets that were 9% saturated fat and 13% unsaturated fat. (cnn.com)
- The unintended effects were so extreme and went so unrecognized because of this huge effort based on what had become dogma: that eating fat is bad (9 calories per gram vs 4 calories for protein and carbs). (medscape.com)
- unfortunately, butter and other sat fats actually do cause chronic disease and physical degeneration-unless eaten with a very low carb diet, or else matched gram for gram with polyunsaturated fatty acids-20 gm of sat fats can be balanced by 60 fish oil capsules or 2 1/2 wine glasses of olive oil-ever tried that? (westonaprice.org)
- Saturated fats are generally found in animal products such as cheese, butter, eggs, meats, and if regularly consumed can raise cholesterol levels in our blood. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Butter is a good example of saturated fats. (communitynurse.org)
- The new research on fat has coincided with the resurgence in popularity of butter with consumers across the world. (fonterra.com)
- Making the switch was a well-intentioned guess, given that margarine had less saturated fat than butter, but it overlooked the dangers of trans fats. (fonterra.com)
- Yep, that's right, this recipe replaces all the butter with bacon fat for fluffy, subtly salty-sweet results. (foodnetwork.com)
- This report uses data from NHANES III, Phase 1 (October 1988- October 1991), to present findings about daily total food-energy, total dietary fat, and saturated fat intakes for the U.S. population. (cdc.gov)
- At least three changes in the dietary methodology used for NHANES III may account for the differences in total dietary fat and saturated fat intakes when compared with NHANES II. (cdc.gov)
- Nutrient intakes reported in these files do not include those obtained from dietary supplements, medications or plain drinking water. (cdc.gov)
- They assessed dietary intakes based on questionnaires, and compared the results with death rates from heart disease and from all other causes. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- Interestingly, they found those with the highest intakes of total fat and sub-types of fat (saturated, unsaturated) compared to those with the lowest intakes, had a lower risk of dying from all causes. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- There was a 21% lower risk of stroke among those with the highest saturated fat intakes compared to the lowest. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are considered to be heart healthy fats or "good" dietary fats. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- For example, a diet high in saturated and trans fats can increase bad cholesterol (LDL) levels in your blood, whereas incorporating healthy fats, such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, into your diet can help lower your bad cholesterol levels. (communitynurse.org)
- Monounsaturated fats are healthy fats that only contain one unsaturated carbon bond, that are incredibly beneficial for lowering "bad" (LDL) cholesterol levels and other related risks, including a reduced risk of heart disease. (communitynurse.org)
- You need some fat in your diet but not too much. (medlineplus.gov)
- In a set of papers out today in the journals Nature Genetics and Nature Communications , researchers at the Cancer Center at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) shed new light on the genetic mechanisms that promote metastasis in the mouse model and also implicated the typical Western high-fat diet as a key environmental factor driving metastasis. (bidmc.org)
- Although it is widely postulated that a Western diet can promote prostate cancer progression, direct evidence supporting a strong association between dietary lipids and prostate cancer has been lacking," said first author Ming Chen, PhD, a research fellow in the laboratory of Pier Paolo Pandolfi, MD, PhD, Director of the Cancer Center and Cancer Research Institute at BIDMC. (bidmc.org)
- Fats are a very important part of every diet and essential for normal body function. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Fat supplies our body with nutrients such as fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K and essential fatty acids, which can only be obtained from the diet to support a healthy heart and immune system. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- We need both saturated and unsaturated fats in our diet and should avoid trans fats. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Monounsaturated fat is an excellent source of an oxidant vitamin E, which we need more of in our diet, and supplies essential nutrients for growth and repairs our body cells. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Here, we highlight the malleable nature of MetS-associated cognitive dysfunction using a mouse model of high fat diet (HFD)-induced MetS. (oregonstate.edu)
- Finally, repeated infusion of plasma collected from age-matched, low fat diet-fed mice improved memory in HFD mice, and was associated with a distinct metabolic profile. (oregonstate.edu)
- Despite fat having a bad rap, especially when it comes to your diet, not all types are bad. (communitynurse.org)
- In the unsaturated fat diet, the researchers increased the level of linolenic acid, an omega-6 polyunsaturated fat, found in margarine and oils such as corn and soybean. (cnn.com)
- Researchers found, not surprisingly, that the group that got the diet rich in linolenic acid had lower cholesterol, by about 13%, than the saturated fat diet group. (cnn.com)
- What was surprising was that lower cholesterol was actually associated with an increased risk of dying during the study period, and this was true for both the saturated fat and unsaturated fat diet groups. (cnn.com)
- This study is less of one showing harm (associated with a diet rich in unsaturated fat), and more of one saying it is surprising how little evidence there is and what there is does not show benefit," said Dr. Christopher E. Ramsden, a medical investigator at the National Institutes of Health and lead author of the study , which was published Tuesday in the journal the BMJ. (cnn.com)
- Best Diet To Lose Weight And Burn Fat. (gov.ph)
- When standing, who is in the middle, etc, the trivial matters of this best diet pills 2020 exercises to lose upper body fat leader and who really has the right to speak Therefore he did not show weakness, from time to time to grab one step egg diet to reduce belly fat. (gov.ph)
- After that, the situation once again returned to exercises to lose upper body fat the should a bipolar man take prescription diet pills It played another round appetite suppressant drugs and the substitute Raul scored goals for It, helping It finally took away from the Riazor Stadium with 40 Wonderful victory. (gov.ph)
- For this long-term, you should not consider that you're concerned with a healthy Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements diet, followed a diet. (com.kw)
- It's also a safe and natural The Best Diet Pills That Really Work product that is a natural company that combines with your fat loss efforts of the body. (com.kw)
- weight loss diet pills prescription Recommended Dietary Supplements appetite suppressants, include a spicy glands and growth hormones that are full of starving. (com.kw)
- reviews of keto slim diet pills aren't careful as it is essential for its own, so it will not be able to keep out for Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements a short time. (com.kw)
- If you have a strict diet and exercise Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements regularly, you can get the best results. (com.kw)
- Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements Although the best appetite suppressant supplements do not be created with a healthy diet pill. (com.kw)
- which diet pills are FDA approved for purchasing a supplement that contains top rated fat burner. (com.kw)
- Dietary supplement disclaimer from fda Furthermore, you can see that to be pregnant, all of the best diet pills make you get up with your diet and exercise Fast medical weight loss richardson tx . (bikecenterdenbosch.nl)
- That is why we developed Keto Tone Diet program, this wise keto dietary supplement that can assist you melt away fats and raise your metabolism when paired with a keto or minimal-carb eating plan. (arch2u.com)
- The quickest way to accomplish bodyweight reduction with the Keto Diet program Elite dietary supplement is to merge it with a ketogenic (very low-carb) diet. (arch2u.com)
- Unfortunately, dietary assessment measures often capture recent behaviors (e.g., what did you eat yesterday, or over the last year) and not long-term diet that would be more relevant for chronic diseases. (cdc.gov)
- When they compared the two types of tumor - the localized ones lacking only the PTEN gene versus the metastatic tumors lacking both genes - the researchers found that the metastatic tumors produced huge amounts of lipids, or fats. (bidmc.org)
- Some dietary supplements are available via a doctor's prescribed whilst several can easily be bought on the racks of the neighborhood drug store or grocery store. (hockeytalk.net)
- Weight loss health supplements are frequently aimed towards boosting the metabolic rate of the body in order that the sugar is used up better as an alternative to simply being kept within the body and being the dreaded body fat residues around hips, fat burner for men thighs and belly. (hockeytalk.net)
- Naturally, one of several primary results of weight loss health supplements is ability to get rid of fat. (hockeytalk.net)
- dietary supplements systems of troops, the quality of the soldiers, weapons and equipment, logistical support, etc, are all in the hands of Sir Alex Ferguson Know yourself and the enemy, never end in a hundred battles. (gov.ph)
- The complement business is booming, and there are extra dietary supplements than ever earlier than that may show you how to attain your targets. (nikkb.com)
- On this article, we are going to focus on the 20 finest dietary supplements for constructing muscle and shredding fats. (nikkb.com)
- We'll additionally present tips about how to decide on the fitting dietary supplements for you, and find out how to use them successfully. (nikkb.com)
- Taking dietary supplements can assist you obtain these targets extra rapidly and successfully. (nikkb.com)
- The 20 finest dietary supplements for shredding fats and constructing muscle listed under can assist you attain your health targets in 2022. (nikkb.com)
- In case you're trying to construct muscle and shred fats on the identical time, there are a variety of dietary supplements that may assist. (nikkb.com)
- Some dietary supplements work by growing your physique's potential to provide power, which helps you push more durable throughout your exercises and recuperate extra rapidly afterward. (nikkb.com)
- Different dietary supplements can assist enhance your metabolic charge, boosting your total calorie burn and serving to you burn extra fats even whenever you're at relaxation. (nikkb.com)
- And a few dietary supplements, like whey protein, present key amino acids that your physique makes use of to construct muscle tissue and restore injury after your exercises. (nikkb.com)
- What are the most effective dietary supplements for fats loss and muscle achieve? (nikkb.com)
- There is no such thing as a single "finest" complement for fats loss and muscle achieve, as totally different dietary supplements work higher for various individuals relying on elements like their coaching targets, physique kind, and weight loss program. (nikkb.com)
- Nevertheless, a few of the hottest dietary supplements for these targets embody creatine, whey protein, caffeine, pre-workout blends, BCAAs (branched-chain amino acids), and omega-3 fatty acids. (nikkb.com)
- When selecting dietary supplements, it is necessary to search for merchandise that comprise high-quality elements and have been examined for purity and effectiveness. (nikkb.com)
- You may additionally wish to seek the advice of along with your physician or a nutritionist that can assist you decide which dietary supplements are finest suited to your wants. (nikkb.com)
- As well as, sure dietary supplements might assist help your total health targets by bettering power ranges or selling lean muscle development. (nikkb.com)
- keto supplements at Walmart, Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements we have been equally followed by analyzing effects. (com.kw)
- Green tea is associated with the blood sugar levels by black pepping the body's Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements metabolic rate. (com.kw)
- appetite suppressant musicroads that are safe, and they're not needed to take Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements it. (com.kw)
- Another Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements study published in Nutritional Appetite Suppressant Appetite Suppressant Knockout, Why. (com.kw)
- slim safe capsule in a supplement, you can be able to achieve your weight loss Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements goals. (com.kw)
- The process of ketosis, Top Vitamin Supplements For Weight Loss it is very effective and possible to manage your body fat. (com.kw)
- The supplement is an excellent weight Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements loss pill that can help you lose weight. (com.kw)
- You can eat one day to add one of the best dietary supplements in Diabetes Medications That Cause Weight Loss the body. (com.kw)
- However, it is not Fda Labeling Dietary Supplements only a good choice for you, there will go on another range. (com.kw)
- Green Tea Burn, this is one of the best weight loss pills that can help Herbal Tea For Dietary Supplements you lose fat and lose weight. (com.kw)
- All of the ingredients in the weight loss supplements in the market, they are not sure to take it as a dietary supplement, and they're not going to be reported for use. (bikecenterdenbosch.nl)
- Dietary supplement disclaimer from fda The Best Weight Loss Supplements Shake is an easy standard weight loss supplement that you need to lose weight fast. (bikecenterdenbosch.nl)
- American nurses compared nurses who ate of food, which are rich in fat, meat and re- low-fat diets with nurses who consumed fined carbohydrates, may be a contributory higher fat diets and concluded that no rela- factor for the increase in breast cancer in- tionship existed between the risk of breast cidence in Saudi Arabia. (who.int)
- Percent of was a null or weak association between di- energy from carbohydrates decreased etary fat and breast cancer [ 5 ]. (who.int)
- A new study has added weight to the debate as to whether fat is better or worse for you than carbohydrates, in terms of risk of heart disease and early death. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- Unfortunately based on this study the jury's still out, but it does highlight that we should focus on what foods people are eating, rather than just looking at components such as fat and carbohydrates. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- Experts may not have counted on the fact that people would compensate for the missing fat andload up on refined carbohydrates, which may have a worse impact on health. (fonterra.com)
- Butter's rise has seen a significant fall in sales of margarine and other spreads made from poly and mono-unsaturated fats. (fonterra.com)
- How to cut down on unhealthy fat? (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Look out for trans fats on the nutrition labels of packaged foods and learn how to avoid unhealthy fat. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Does being "fat" mean that you are unhealthy? (thestranger.com)
- Not everyone in this thread who is arguing that being over weight or obese is unhealthy is doing so because we "hate" fat people or we don't like to look at fat rolls. (thestranger.com)
- Turns out, it's not fat that makes us unhealthy. (medscape.com)
High in saturated1
- Bear in mind that food high in saturated fat also can be high in cholesterol, which can make your cholesterol levels soar. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Fat enhances fluid metabolism. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Dietary supplement disclaimer from fda The immunity of the body to help fight the metabolism and keeping you feeling fuller for longer. (bikecenterdenbosch.nl)
- It also contains alpha-anine ingredient that increases the metabolism, and burns fat. (bikecenterdenbosch.nl)
- It contains the ingredients to help boost the metabolism and boost your metabolism, control metabolism, burn fat, improve energy, and help reduce metabolic rate, and increase energy levels. (bikecenterdenbosch.nl)
- The massive effort at culture change-stop eating this, that, or the other fat-was excessive, considering the meager amount of supporting data. (medscape.com)
- Some people nodded approvingly.Some of them wore straw hats made of safe appetite suppressants that work they were dressed in the ordinary clothing of mountain people, carrying spears or steel forks exercises to lose upper body fat and carrying bows and arrows on their backs They knew they were mountain people at lose fat in stomach area cautiously. (gov.ph)
- If you're looking to go on the exceptional right suppressants and appetite suppressants, you can be a good fat burner. (bikecenterdenbosch.nl)
- The results should not alter current dietary guidelines that emphasize healthy sources of polyunsaturated fats such as olive oil and other vegetables, nuts, seeds, avocado, fish and seafood in the context of a healthy dietary pattern," said Dr. Frank Hu, professor of nutrition and epidemiology at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and one of the committee members that prepared the advisory report for the 2015 dietary guidelines. (cnn.com)
- Nutritionist Mindy Wigzell, Head of Nutrition for Fonterra, says the science surrounding attitudes towards fats has been too simplistic in the past. (fonterra.com)
- The turnaround in thinking on fat started to gain traction in 2010 when the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition analysed 21 studies that looked at the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. (fonterra.com)
- Le Rôle des graisses et huiles alimentaires en nutrition humaine : rapport d' une consultation mixte d' experts tenue à Rome, 21-30 septembre 1977 / organisée conjointement par l' Organisation des Nations Unies pour l' alimentation et l' agriculture et l' Organisation mondiale de la Santé. (who.int)
- The Role of fats in human nutrition / edited by A. J. Vergroesen and M. Crawford. (who.int)
- Dietary fats and oils in human nutrition : report of an expert consultation held in Rome, 21-30 September 1977 / jointly organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization. (who.int)
- Effective nutrition programs are based on understanding what people eat ("dietary assessment") and then empowering them with knowledge and ability to consume healthier diets. (cdc.gov)
- Nutrition research has attempted to connect dietary behaviors with diseases that take years to develop. (cdc.gov)
- Saturday's joint session of Mythbuster lectures features experts taking aim at myths about fats, salts, industrial sweeteners and plant-base diets. (westonaprice.org)
- Few studies compared reduced with modified fat diets, so direct comparison was not possible. (uea.ac.uk)
- Diets rich in vegetable oils and low in saturated fat might not be all they are cracked up to be in terms of heart health, according to new research. (cnn.com)
- There have been only a few studies comparing these two types of fat head-to-head between groups of people eating otherwise similar diets. (cnn.com)
- Dietary fat also plays a major role in your cholesterol levels . (medlineplus.gov)
- Trans fats elevate your bad cholesterol levels and lower your good cholesterol levels. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Saturated fat increases blood cholesterol levels, which can lead to atherosclerosis. (cnn.com)
- The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee recommended removing dietary cholesterol as a "nutrient of concern" because, it turns out saturated fat, rather than dietary cholesterol, is the main contributor to blood cholesterol levels. (cdc.gov)
- As the science evolves, many researchers are beginning to re-draw the boundaries of nutritional knowledge, shifting away from the old thinking that saturated fats should be avoided and that the rush to 'low-fat everything' may have been misguided. (fonterra.com)
- Fat production and consumption : technologies and nutritional implications, proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Advanced Technologies and Their Nutritional Implications in the Production of Edible Fats, held March 17-21, 1986, in Selvino, Italy / edited by C. Galli and E. Fedeli. (who.int)
- This study's findings further the need to evaluate the potential health impacts of C15:0 nutritional deficiencies caused by population-wide avoidance of all dietary saturated fats, including C15:0. (nih.gov)
- The National Academy of Science advises that there are no safe levels of trans fat consumption. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- This statement communicates self-control over consumption (dietary restraint). (cdc.gov)
- From worksite health risk appraisals, we have found that both men and women who reported liking for but low consumption of high-fat foods were significantly heavier than those who reported liking and consuming these foods. (cdc.gov)
- 60% kcal as fat) and exposed by whole-body inhalation to either air or crystalline silica (15 mg/m3, 6 hours/day, 5 days). (cdc.gov)
- Trans fat is any oil that is damaged by heat, light or air in your own home, a restaurant or where it was produced. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Daily TFEI was estimated for each respondent using a 24-hour dietary-recall interview coded reliable and complete. (cdc.gov)
- Fortunately, we have you covered with everything you need to know to get the proper amounts of the right kind of dietary fats that your body needs to support your body's overall health and wellbeing. (communitynurse.org)
- What's more important to examine is whether the fat and carbs come from fruits and vegetables or doughnuts and candy. (cosmosmagazine.com)
Solid at room temperature2
- Polyunsaturated fats or polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), also lower total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol when consumed sparingly and as a healthy alternative to saturated and trans fats. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Under the integrated framework, DHHS is responsible for the sample design and data collection and USDA is responsible for the survey's dietary data collection methodology, maintenance of the databases used to code and process the data, and data review and processing. (cdc.gov)
- Additionally, trans fats are commonly used within the restaurant industry for the deep fryers, as partially hydrogenated oil doesn't need to be changed as frequently as regular oil. (communitynurse.org)
- Creatine is a well-liked complement for constructing muscle, and there may be some proof that it could additionally assist burn fats. (nikkb.com)
- Lifestyle advice to all those at risk of cardiovascular disease and to lower risk population groups, should continue to include permanent reduction of dietary saturated fat and partial replacement by unsaturates. (uea.ac.uk)
- It found, "there is no significant evidence for concluding that dietary saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease. (fonterra.com)
- Melt the bacon fat in a large cast-iron skillet over medium heat. (foodnetwork.com)
- To assess the effect of reduction and/or modification of dietary fats on mortality, cardiovascular mortality, cardiovascular morbidity and individual outcomes including myocardial infarction, stroke and cancer diagnoses in randomised clinical trials of at least 6 months duration. (uea.ac.uk)
- Amelioration of Metabolic Syndrome-Associated Cognitive Impairments in Mice via a Reduction in Dietary Fat Content or Infusion of Non-Diabetic Plasma. (oregonstate.edu)
- However, a brief reduction in dietary fat content in chronic HFD-fed mice led to a complete rescue of cognitive function. (oregonstate.edu)
- Reduction and modification of dietary fats have differing effects on cardiovascular risk factors (such as serum cholesterol), but their effects on important health outcomes are less clear. (uea.ac.uk)
- Subgrouping suggested that this reduction in cardiovascular events was seen in studies of fat modification (not reduction - which related directly to the degree of effect on serum total and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides), of at least two years duration and in studies of men (not of women). (uea.ac.uk)
- The findings are suggestive of a small but potentially important reduction in cardiovascular risk on modification of dietary fat, but not reduction of total fat, in longer trials. (uea.ac.uk)
- Monounsaturated fats or monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) are the good dietary fats. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Polyunsaturated fat can be broken down into two types: omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- This is because your body breaks down the fat you consume into smaller parts called fatty acids. (communitynurse.org)
- These fatty acids then enter into your bloodstream and are used to create the fats your body needs. (communitynurse.org)
- As an emerging dietary essential fatty acid, pentadecanoic acid (C15:0) is expected to have bioactive metabolites with broad health benefits. (nih.gov)
- It's important to be mindful of the types of fats you consume and make sure we're getting the right balance for our overall health. (communitynurse.org)
- There are four kinds of dietary fats that come from the foods you consume: saturated fats, trans fats, monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats. (communitynurse.org)
- Unfortunately, many health experts say that trans fats are the worst types of fats to consume and have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes . (communitynurse.org)
- Dietary fats produce body fat needed to insulate and keep us warm and to protect and hold our internal organs in place. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- You desire to eliminate body fat tissues within your body, to work with these stored cellular material as energy as an alternative to viewing the outcome of kept body fat on your own entire body information. (hockeytalk.net)
- but he was using his professional ethics and his words and exercises to lose upper body fat this statement especially after You came to the team this season, he talked vegan keto before and after could use practicality. (gov.ph)
- gnc appetite booster one, he chose to knock the ball horizontally in the middle, and best way to burn body fat could not miss such an opportunity.Lorraine looked easy exercises for beginners to lose weight help exercises to lose upper body fat a low voice This bunch of puppies, it's really him Damn kind of! (gov.ph)
- They looked back and, as expected, it was the little gangster who usmle antidiabetic medication weight loss beat gnc dietary supplement pills He didn't know.Mom said, you don't need things to eat to lose stomach fat a exercises to lose upper body fat rely on selftreatment, so that your body will become stronger and less likely to get sick in the future, isn't it? (gov.ph)
- and gaia herbs gas and bloating dietary supplement capsules exercises to lose upper body fat championship early in the league and then all the next rounds will follow The second league opponents line up to meet each other before seriously need to lose weight fast each game. (gov.ph)
- The corps things to eat to lose stomach fat other, and some people sighed in their hearts Why exercises to lose upper body fat go on? (gov.ph)
- Turning to look at exercises to lose upper body fat Aragos now? (gov.ph)
- What we are now seeing is scientific opinion shifting to the fact moderate amounts of milk, cheese and yoghurt have a neutral or even positive effect on heart health and can even help with weight loss by helping to maintain muscle mass while losing body fat. (fonterra.com)
- how to cut down body fat within a few days and the skin is not available with a small place. (com.kw)
- Burn off and churn….Burning body fat is where it is at. (arch2u.com)
- Any doctor will then run further tests to determine the condition of your health (blood pressure, cholesterol, heart rate, body fat, etc. (thestranger.com)
- Food high in monounsaturated fat: nuts, avocado and some oils such as vegetable, canola, high oleic safflower oil, olive and sunflower oil. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- When eaten in moderation and instead of saturated and trans fats they are beneficial to our health - they lower bad cholesterol LDL (low-density lipoprotein) in our blood and reduce the risk of stroke and heart disease. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- Trans fats increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, stroke and heart disease. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- South Africa has done well in regulating salt and trans fats and taxing sugar-sweetened beverages," he says. (who.int)
- In fact, when consumed in the right form and quantity, dietary fat plays a crucial role in maintaining your overall health and wellbeing . (communitynurse.org)
- Restricted data, such as the 2002 Day 2 dietary data, may be made available at the Research Data Center located at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) headquarters in Hyattsville, MD. A research proposal for using the restricted data must be submitted to NCHS for review and approval. (cdc.gov)
- Dietary fat requirements in health and development / edited by Joyce Beare-Rogers. (who.int)
- Different types of fats have different effects on your body. (communitynurse.org)
- Trans fats in partially hydrogenated oil is the most harmful. (lose-weight-with-us.com)
- A new study shows that eating trans fats may be associated with memory loss, according to a study presented last week at the American Heart Association scientific sessions. (harvard.edu)
- Sugar raises blood pressure and levels of triglyceride (a type of fat found in your blood), leading to weight gain and increasing your heart disease risk. (cnn.com)
- However, when it came to the risk of having a heart attack or dying from heart disease, fats had no relationship with risk. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- We recently reviewed the evidence on dietary patterns and heart disease , where most research has been done in high income countries. (cosmosmagazine.com)
- It is convincingly shown as a dietary supplement for weight loss. (google.com)
- People with rigid dietary restraint who like and crave a food - but don't satisfy their craving - are actually at greater risk for overeating and dis-inhibition (i.e., loss of control of eating). (cdc.gov)