Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A diet designed to cause an individual to lose weight.
Consumption of excessive DIETARY FATS.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, EDIBLE GRAIN and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
A diet that contains limited amounts of protein. It is prescribed in some cases to slow the progression of renal failure. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.
A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
A course of food intake that is high in FATS and low in CARBOHYDRATES. This diet provides sufficient PROTEINS for growth but insufficient amount of carbohydrates for the energy needs of the body. A ketogenic diet generates 80-90% of caloric requirements from fats and the remainder from proteins.
Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.
A diet that contributes to the development and acceleration of ATHEROGENESIS.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
Diets which become fashionable, but which are not necessarily nutritious.(Lehninger 1982, page 484)
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
The consumption of edible substances.
A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A diet prescribed in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, usually limited in the amount of sugar or readily available carbohydrate. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.
A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
Glucose in blood.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
An approach to nutrition based on whole cereal grains, beans, cooked vegetables and the Chinese YIN-YANG principle. It advocates a diet consisting of organic and locally grown foods, seasonal vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and fewer fats, sugars, and chemically processed foods.
Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.
A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Prolamins in the endosperm of SEEDS from the Triticeae tribe which includes species of WHEAT; BARLEY; and RYE.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
A condition produced by a deficiency of CHOLINE in animals. Choline is known as a lipotropic agent because it has been shown to promote the transport of excess fat from the liver under certain conditions in laboratory animals. Combined deficiency of choline (included in the B vitamin complex) and all other methyl group donors causes liver cirrhosis in some animals. Unlike compounds normally considered as vitamins, choline does not serve as a cofactor in enzymatic reactions. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.
Proteins which are present in or isolated from vegetables or vegetable products used as food. The concept is distinguished from PLANT PROTEINS which refers to non-dietary proteins from plants.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
A sulfur-containing essential L-amino acid that is important in many body functions.
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).
The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.
Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.
A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE widely cultivated for ANIMAL FEED.
Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.
The withholding of food in a structured experimental situation.
A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.
A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A plant species of the family POACEAE that is widely cultivated for its edible seeds.
A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.
Abstaining from all food.
A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.
An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
A plant genus of the family LINACEAE that is cultivated for its fiber (manufactured into linen cloth). It contains a trypsin inhibitor and the seed is the source of LINSEED OIL.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The EDIBLE GRAIN, barley, is widely used as food.
Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.
The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.
A condition produced by dietary or metabolic deficiency. The term includes all diseases caused by an insufficient supply of essential nutrients, i.e., protein (or amino acids), vitamins, and minerals. It also includes an inadequacy of calories. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs.
FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. It is a tropical palm tree that yields a large, edible hard-shelled fruit from which oil and fiber are also obtained.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.
A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of foods containing GLUTEN, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.
Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
Oil obtained from the seeds of Gossypium herbaceum L., the cotton plant. It is used in dietary products such as oleomargarine and many cooking oils. Cottonseed oil is commonly used in soaps and cosmetics.
A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.
Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
The fatty portion of milk, separated as a soft yellowish solid when milk or cream is churned. It is processed for cooking and table use. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
The amount of fat or lipid deposit at a site or an organ in the body, an indicator of body fat status.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position.
The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
A condition characterized by an abnormally elevated concentration of KETONE BODIES in the blood (acetonemia) or urine (acetonuria). It is a sign of DIABETES COMPLICATION, starvation, alcoholism or a mitochondrial metabolic disturbance (e.g., MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE).
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Potassium or potassium compounds used in foods or as foods.
A class of protein components which can be found in several lipoproteins including HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS; and CHYLOMICRONS. Synthesized in most organs, Apo E is important in the global transport of lipids and cholesterol throughout the body. Apo E is also a ligand for LDL receptors (RECEPTORS, LDL) that mediates the binding, internalization, and catabolism of lipoprotein particles in cells. There are several allelic isoforms (such as E2, E3, and E4). Deficiency or defects in Apo E are causes of HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE III.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
The consumption of liquids.
Steroid acids and salts. The primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.

Vitamin D status in different subgroups of British Asians. (1/20742)

To assess the effect of religious dietary practices and social customs on the vitamin D status of Asian immigrants, we kept records of the dietary intake and time spent out of doors of 81 Ugandan Asian men, women, and girls (9-19 years old). Sera were analysed for 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD3), and 28% of the subjects were found to have levels below the lower limit of normal. The (vegetarian) Hindus had the lowest dietary intakes, least time out of doors, and lowest serum 25-OHD3. The Goan (Roman Catholic) Asians, despite more pigmentation, had 25-OHD3 levels similar to those found among indigenous British people and had the most satisfactory vitamin D intakes. Among Asians, whose exposure to sunlight may be limited, dietary vitamin D becomes the major determinant of serum 25-OHD3.  (+info)

Infleuce of dietary levels of vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters in pigs. (2/20742)

Eighteen barrows approximately three weeks of age were used in a 3 X 3 factorial arrangement to investigate the effect of level of supplemental vitamin E and selenium on tissue and blood parameters. Tissue selenium concentrations increased in a quadratic manner with increased selenium intake with kidney tissue containing considerably greater concentrations than liver, heart or muscle. Supplementation of the diet caused a three-fold increase in serum selenium within the first week with a slight tendency to further increases in subsequent weeks. Serum vitamin E of unsupplemented pigs declined by fifty percent during the experiment, whereas supplemental vitamin E resulted in increased serum vitamin E. There was a considerable viration in percent peroxide hemolysis. Correlation of -0.63 between percent peroxide hemolysis and vitamin E intake and -0.85 between percent peroxide hemolysis and serum vitamin E were observed.  (+info)

Acute and chronic dose-response relationships for angiotensin, aldosterone, and arterial pressure at varying levels of sodium intake. (3/20742)

We examined the acute and chronic dose-response relationships between intravenously infused angiotensin II (A II) and the resulting changes in arterial pressure and plasma aldosterone concentration at varying levels of sodium intake. Sequential analysis of plasma aldosterone at each A II infusion rate resulted in an acute dose-related increase in plasma aldosterone which was markedly attenuated after the first 24 hours of infusion, the final level being directly related to the dose of A II and inversely related to sodium intake. A II infused at 5,15, and 23 ng/kg per min was associated with an initial increase (2nd to 8th hour) in plasma aldosterone to 2,6, and 9 times control values, respectively, in dogs receiving 40 mEq Na+/day. But, after the 1st day, aldosterone averaged only 1, 1.7, and 3 times control values for the next 2 weeks at the same rates of A II infusion. Dogs receiving 120 mEq Na+/day during A II infusion exhibited only a transient increase in plasma aldosterone during the 1st day. Sustained hypertension developed over a period of a week at all doses of A II at normal and high sodium intake, but did not occur at any dose of A II in sodium-depleted dogs. Increasing sodium intake from 40 to 120 mEq/day resulted in higher levels of hypertension, 125% compared to 140% of ocntrol values for dogs infused with A II, 5.0 ng/kg per min. We conclude that primary angiotensin-induced hypertension need not be associated with increased levels of plasma aldosterone, which appears to remain elevated only with amounts of A II greater than those required to sustain a significant degree of hypertension.  (+info)

Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population. (4/20742)

OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. PARTICIPANTS: Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women). METHOD: A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits. Information was obtained by interview. RESULTS: Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age. Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of < or = 300 mg; 60% had a fat intake < or = 30% of total energy; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats < or = 10%; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health. Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age. Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. The awareness of the value of wholemeal bread and polyunsaturated fat spreads was lower in this population compared with that in Australia. There was a marked difference in types of cooking oil compared with Singaporeans, the latter using more coconut/palm/mixed vegetable oils. CONCLUSION: Although the current intake pattern for cardiovascular health for fat, saturated fatty acid, and cholesterol fall within the recommended range for over 50% of the population, follow up surveys to monitor the pattern would be needed. Decreasing salt consumption, increasing calcium intake, and increasing the awareness of the health value of fibre may all be beneficial in the context of chronic disease prevention.  (+info)

Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997. (5/20742)

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

Low calorie diet enhances renal, hemodynamic, and humoral effects of exogenous atrial natriuretic peptide in obese hypertensives. (6/20742)

The expression of the natriuretic peptide clearance receptor is abundant in human and rat adipose tissue, where it is specifically inhibited by fasting. In obese hypertensives, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels were found to be lower than in obese normotensives. Therefore, the increased adipose mass might influence ANP levels and/or its biological activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the humoral, hemodynamic, and renal effects of exogenous ANP in obese hypertensives might be enhanced by a very low calorie diet. Eight obese hypertensives received a bolus injection of ANP (0.6 mg/kg) after 2 weeks of a normal calorie/normal sodium diet, and blood pressure (BP), heart rate, ANP, cGMP, plasma renin activity, and aldosterone were evaluated for 2 hours before and after the injection. Diuresis and natriuresis were measured every 30 minutes. The patients then started a low calorie/normal sodium diet (510 kcal/150 mmol/d) for 4 days, and then the ANP injection protocol was repeated. The low calorie diet induced a slight weight loss (from 90.6+/-1.1 to 87. 7+/-1.2 kg; P<0.01), which was accompanied by increase of cGMP excretion (from 146.0+/-10.1 to 154.5+/-9.5 nmol/24 h; P<0.05) together with a reduction of BP (P<0.01 versus basal levels). ANP injection after diet was followed by an increase of ANP levels similar to that observed before diet, but plasma cGMP, diuresis, and natriuresis increased significantly only after diet. Similarly, the decrease of BP after ANP administration was significantly higher after diet (change in mean arterial pressure, -6.4+/-0.7 versus -4. 0+/-0.6 mm Hg; P<0.05) as well as that of aldosterone (P<0.01). These data show that a low calorie diet enhances the humoral, renal, and hemodynamic effects of ANP in obese hypertensives and confirm the importance of caloric intake in modulating the biological activity of ANP, suggesting that the natriuretic peptide system can play a role in the acute changes of natriuresis and diuresis associated with caloric restriction.  (+info)

Thiamine deficiency is prevalent in a selected group of urban Indonesian elderly people. (7/20742)

This cross-sectional study involved 204 elderly individuals (93 males and 111 females). Subjects were randomly recruited using a list on which all 60-75 y-old-people living in seven sub-villages in Jakarta were included. The usual food intake was estimated using semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires. Hemoglobin, plasma retinol, vitamin B-12, red blood cell folate and the percentage stimulation of erythrocyte transketolase (ETK), as an indicator of thiamine status, were analyzed. Median energy intake was below the assessed requirement. More than 75% of the subjects had iron and thiamine intakes of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake, and 20.2% of the study population had folate intake of approximately 2/3 of the recommended daily intake. Intakes of vitamins A and B-12 were adequate. Biochemical assessments demonstrated that 36.6% of the subjects had low thiamine levels (ETK stimulation > 25%). The elderly men tended to have lower thiamine levels than the elderly women. The overall prevalence of anemia was 28.9%, and the elderly women were affected more than the elderly men. Low biochemical status of vitamins A, B-12 and RBC folate was found in 5.4%, 8.8 % and 2.9% of the subjects, respectively. Dietary intakes of thiamine and folate were associated with ETK stimulation and plasma vitamin B-12 concentration (r = 0.176, P = 0.012 and r = 0.77, P = 0.001), respectively. Results of this study suggest that anemia, thiamine and possibly vitamin B-12 deficiency are prevalent in the elderly living in Indonesia. Clearly, micronutrient supplementation may be beneficial for the Indonesian elderly population living in underprivileged areas.  (+info)

Metallothionein-null mice absorb less Zn from an egg-white diet, but a similar amount from solutions, although with altered intertissue Zn distribution. (8/20742)

The influence of metallothionein (MT) on Zn transfer into non-gut tissues was investigated in MT-null (MT-/-) and normal (MT+/+) mice 4 h after oral gavage of aqueous 65ZnSO4solution at doses of 154, 385, 770 and 1540 nmol Zn per mouse. Zn transfer was not significantly different between MT+/+ and MT-/- mice and was directly proportional to the oral dose (slope = 0.127, r = 0.991; 0. 146, r = 0.994, respectively). Blood 65Zn and plasma Zn concentrations increased progressively in MT-/- mice at doses >154 nmol Zn, reaching levels of 2.4% of oral dose and 60 micromol/L, respectively, at the 1540 nmol Zn dose. The corresponding values for MT+/+ mice were approximately half, 1.0% and 29 micromol/L. Intergenotypic differences were found in tissue distribution of 65Zn within the body; MT-/- mice had higher 65Zn levels in muscle, skin, heart and brain, whereas MT+/+ mice retained progressively more Zn in the liver, in conjunction with a linear increase in hepatic MT up to the highest Zn dose. MT induction in the small intestine reached its maximum at an oral dose of 385 nmol Zn and did not differ at higher doses. Absorption of a 770 nmol 65Zn dose from a solid egg-white diet was only one fourth (MT+/+) and one eighth (MT-/-) of the Zn absorption from the same dose of 65Zn in aqueous solution. MT+/+ mice had greater (P < 0.05) Zn absorption from the egg-white diet than did MT-/- mice, indicating that gut MT confers an absorptive advantage, but only when Zn is incorporated into solid food.  (+info)

Fenugreek soaked water helps to boost your metabolism and prevents constipation. No 700 calorie a day diet results in heart risk between long or short-acting sulphonylureas Thu, 07 Sep GET 18 HIGH PROTEIN BREAKFAST RECIPES 700 calorie a day diet results you sign up for the LIVE STRONG. But I know the reduced calories may 700 calorie a day diet results my metabolism 700 calorie a day diet results so thats why Im asking if anyone has followed a diet with calories this low and what your results were? I know that by doing this it isnt healthy and I will gain all the weight back and maybe more afterwards but I dont mind. This is not a negative response by the body but it will be interpreted by her as quite 700 calorie a day diet results when she steps on 700 calorie a day diet results scale. For the moderately active year-old woman who needs about 2, calories a day, cutting her daily calories in half to lose 2 pounds per week can be challenging. An initial review of this womans calories ...
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A populations mean Healthy Eating Index-2005 scores are best estimated by the score of the population ratio when one 24-hour recall is available
For nine studies in which mean prices were reported without their uncertainty, the SEs were imputed from the number of observations in each category, based on linear regression of studies with complete data, performed separately for market surveys (6 studies comparing samples of foods) and individual dietary surveys (3 studies comparing diets across samples of participants; supporting figure 1).. We recognised that price comparisons within food groups (ie, healthier vs less healthy options within the same category of food) may vary from price comparisons across overall diet patterns. Furthermore, price differences may vary for diet patterns largely based on foods versus diet patterns largely based on one or a few isolated nutrients. Thus, we separately investigated price differences that compared options within a single similar category of food (eg, meats/protein, grains, dairy), price differences that compared varying concordance to food-based diet patterns (eg, Alternative Healthy Eating ...
I have had several clients lately ask my opinion on all the different types of diets. Do they work? Would a person benefit from trying one, two or twelve of them? Hmmm, let me think… NO!. If youve ever tried losing weight before, you know just how many diets are out there (way too many for my liking). Theres everything from the food specific diets such as the banana diet, the grapefruit diet and the cabbage soup diet to diets named after places such as South Beach, Mediterranean and Sonoma. Dont forget the diets that are named after the people who created them like Atkins and the diets that are named after the theories behind them like the Blood Type, Body Type and the ADHD diet. Theres dangerous diets like extreme calorie restriction diets, extreme detox diets and the hCG diet. Then, as if thats not enough, you have the diets that you know the very second you hear the name of them that they are a hoax…like the party girl diet and the cookie diet (dont EVEN get me started on those ...
For nine studies in which mean prices were reported without their uncertainty, the SEs were imputed from the number of observations in each category, based on linear regression of studies with complete data, performed separately for market surveys (6 studies comparing samples of foods) and individual dietary surveys (3 studies comparing diets across samples of participants; supporting figure 1).. We recognised that price comparisons within food groups (ie, healthier vs less healthy options within the same category of food) may vary from price comparisons across overall diet patterns. Furthermore, price differences may vary for diet patterns largely based on foods versus diet patterns largely based on one or a few isolated nutrients. Thus, we separately investigated price differences that compared options within a single similar category of food (eg, meats/protein, grains, dairy), price differences that compared varying concordance to food-based diet patterns (eg, Alternative Healthy Eating ...
Over 9 years of follow-up, nearly 40% of the 9514 middle-aged men and women included in this analysis developed MetSyn. Dietary consumption of a Western dietary pattern, meat, fried foods, and diet soda was adversely associated with incident MetSyn, whereas intake of dairy was protective. No association was observed between incident MetSyn and consumption of a prudent dietary pattern, fruit and vegetables, whole grains, refined grains, nuts, sweetened beverages, and coffee.. Consumption of a Western dietary pattern, characterized by high intakes of refined grains, processed meat, fried foods, and red meat, was associated with a 18% greater risk of incident MetSyn for participants in the highest quintile of Western dietary pattern scores compared with those in the lowest quintile. In our study, the prudent dietary pattern, typified by consumption of cruciferous and carotinoid vegetables, fruit, fish, and poultry, was not associated with incident MetSyn. Prevalent MetSyn has previously been ...
DASH was first introduced at a meeting of the American Heart Association in 1996 and later published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 1997. [2] The DASH trial randomly assigned 456 people to different diets to test the effects of dietary patterns on lowering blood pressure. The authors surmised that eating a diet with many different foods with blood pressure-lowering nutrients would show a greater effect on blood pressure than eating single nutrients, such as found in supplements or in a limited diet. Three diets were tested: 1) a control diet, or a standard American diet, 2) a fruits and vegetables diet, similar to the control diet but providing more fruits and vegetables and less snacks and sweets, and 3) a combination diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and low-fat dairy foods with reduced amounts of saturated fat, total fat, and cholesterol. The last two diets were richer in nutrients associated with lower blood pressure, such as potassium, magnesium, calcium, fiber, and protein. ...
Diet quality has been linked to obesity, but this relationship remains unclear in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study is to examine the association between diet quality and obesity in Chinese adults with T2D. Between April and November 2016, a total of 211 Chinese T2D adults who underwent assessment of diabetes-related treatment goals and metabolic control were recruited into two groups based on their body mass index (BMI): obese group (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) and non-obese group (BMI = 18.5-24.9 kg/m2). Diet quality indices including Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I), and Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score, were derived from a validated food frequency questionnaire. Obese T2D patients had significantly lower AHEI-2010 (P | 0.001), DQI-I (P | 0.001), and DASH total scores (P = 0.044) than their non-obese counterparts, independent of age and sex. They also had higher total energy (P | 0.001), protein percentage of
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Factors influencing energy intake of rats fed either a high-fat or a fat mimetic diet. AU - Harris, R. B.S.. PY - 1994/1/1. Y1 - 1994/1/1. N2 - The aim of this study was to compare the effects of chronic feeding of a high-fat diet and a diet containing a fat mimetic on energy intake, body composition and tissue metabolism of mature female Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were fed a control, 25% kJ fat, diet for 10 days. Preference for this diet compared with a high-fat, 45% kJ fat, or fat mimetic, 25% kJ fat, diet was determined by offering rats two diets, in random order, for a period of 13.5 hours on three different occasions at two day intervals. Animals were then divided into three groups, receiving one of the three diets for 42 days. Dietary preference was tested again. Hepatic and muscle glucose and fatty acid utilization were measured in vitro and body composition was determined. Most of the rats preferred the mimetic diet over either control or high-fat diet, but there was no ...
Heres a link to a recent Time magazine article on the microbiome:. http://time.com/5360407/microbiome-diet-gut-health/ It references work by our customer, Krzysztof Czaja:. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5428886/pdf/nihms858064.pdf In this study, the researchers used 3 diets: a purified high-fat diet, a purified sucrose matched, low-fat diet and a grain-based low-fat, low sucrose diet. Its important to note that the grain-based diet differs from the two purified diets in many ways other than the sucrose or fat content. As such, the grain-based diet should not be considered a low sucrose control diet, but rather another experimental diet. This paper also highlights the finding that low fat diets dont necessarily produce the same phenotype, especially if one is made with purified ingredients and one is grain-based. The differences in fiber type and content alone between purified diets and grain-based diets would be expected to cause a difference in phenotype independent of diet ...
Dispositional optimism is a psychological trait that has been associated with positive health outcomes such as reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, there is little knowledge on the relationship between optimism and dietary intake in the population. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess whether optimism was associated with overall diet quality, food group consumption and snacking. In 2016, 32,806 adult participants from the NutriNet-Santé study completed the Life-Orientation Test Revised (LOT-R) which assesses dispositional optimism. Overall diet quality (assessed by the mPNNS-Guideline Score) and consumption of 22 food groups were evaluated using at least three self-reported 24-h dietary records. Snacking behavior was evaluated by an ad-hoc question. Logistic and linear regressions were used to analyze the associations between optimism and these dietary behaviors, taking into account socio-demographic, lifestyle and depressive symptomatology characteristics. Optimism
** Limited-time discounted price ** The DASH diet has been named by U.S. News & World Report year after year as its #1 choice in Best Diets Overall, Best Diets for Healthy Eating, and Best Diabetes Diets. Based on research by the National Institutes of Health, and endorsed by top-tier medical institutions like the Mayo Clinic and the American Heart Association, the DASH diet is a scientifically proven method to lose weight, lower blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, and a reduce your risk of diabetes. In The DASH Diet Health Plan, best-selling health and nutrition author John Chatham compiles the findings of the medical and scientific community, alongside dozens of DASH diet recipes, to make it easy to put the DASH diet into action. With The DASH Diet Health Plan you will get: 99 DASH diet recipes for every meal, including hearty breakfasts and satisfying dinners A guide to 147 Dash diet foods, ranging from meats and seafood to sweets Tips for navigating the grocery
This is constructive criticism for those who are wonderfully happily detoxing their way seeing improvements in their eczema and psoriasis ordeals. Detox protocols have value. Up to a point. And only up to that point and then nothing.. You really must look into diet changes. You really need to make those diet adjustments. You may really have the need to go temporary fruitarian for 3 days, or raw vegan for 1 month, and eventually mostly raw paleolithic diet for a good long time. But please, never ever going back to a mostly SAD / Standard Urban Junk Food Diet.. Fasting for example is serious business. It is a healing tool.. Change in diet is for the rest of your life. Your diet has to change if you wish to see any real cure happen that stays with you for the rest of your life.. This change in diet to something better will not only make your skin look good, it will make you totally healthy.. You will have to completely say goodbye to all wheat in whatever form. Say goodbye to all pasteurized dairy ...
Health,Altering ones dietary pattern is often difficult and often the barrier...A report from Harvards Health Professionals Follow-up Study examine...The best diet features generous amounts of fruits vegetables legum...What should you do? Evaluate your current diet then set goals based...The bottom line: When it comes to diet men who pay attention to the...,Sensible,Overall,Dietary,Pattern,More,Important,than,Individual,Food,Choices,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Scientific diet healthy diet remember the 7 weight loss diet principle - food channel - people.com.cn original title: scientific diet healthy diet, remember the 7 weight loss diet principle of a beautiful and clever woman, always know how to manage their own body, in addition to the regular life and exercise habits, they also know in diet efforts, they will develop a diet plan for yourself, know how to diet to lose weight. Heres a look at the small and thin together with the people of the United States and the principles of diet bar! 1, scientific arrangements for three meals a day under normal physiological conditions, the average person accustomed to three meals a day. The biggest consumption of the human body is in the morning of the day. Because the stomach has been empty after a night of digestion, if you do not eat breakfast, then the energy consumption of the whole morning activity depends entirely on the day before dinner, which is far from meeting the nutritional needs. It is easy to ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The impact of high- or low-fat cafeteria foods on nutrient intake and growth of rats consuming a diet containing 30% energy as fat. AU - Harris, R. B.. PY - 1993/1/1. Y1 - 1993/1/1. N2 - The objective of this study was to determine the impact of high-fat and low-fat cafeteria foods on energy intake and body composition of growing rats. Two sets of 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing either 90 g or 280 g, were each divided into two groups of eight and two groups of seven animals, matched for average weight. All animals were offered a semi-purified diet containing 30% kJ fat. After ten days, initial body composition, carcass energy and serum lipids, insulin and glucose were determined in seven rats from each age group. Seven rats in each age group continued to receive the semi-purified diet ad libitum, eight received semi-purified diet plus one high-fat cafeteria food each day and eight received semi-purified diet plus one low-fat cafeteria food each day. After 38 days, body ...
A healthy weight is an important element of good health. How much you eat-and what you eat-play central roles in maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight. Exercise is the other key actor.. For years, low-fat diets were thought to be the best way to lose weight. A growing body of evidence shows that low-fat diets often dont work, in part because these diets often replace fat with easily digested carbohydrates.. Hundreds of diets have been created, many promising fast and permanent weight loss. Remember the cabbage soup diet? The grapefruit diet? How about the Hollywood 48 Hour Miracle diet, the caveman diet, the Subway diet, the apple cider vinegar diet, and a host of forgettable celebrity diets?. The truth is, almost any diet will work if it helps you take in fewer calories. Diets do this in two main ways:. ...
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A calibration approach was developed to correct for systematic between-cohort dietary measurement errors in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), a large multicenter cohort study. To validate the 24-h diet recalls (24-HDRs) as reference measurements for between-cohort calibration, we estimated the agreement between center mean nitrogen (N) and total energy intakes and mean 24-h urinary N. Similar analyses using N and energy intake data from different dietary questionnaires (DQs) used at study baseline were conducted to estimate the effect of the calibration approach. This study was conducted between 1995 and 1999, and involved 1103 volunteers of both genders from 12 centers participating in European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Pearsons correlation coefficients were weighted for study center sample size. When both genders were considered together (n = 22), the correlation coefficients between the center mean log-transformed urinary estimates
Abstract: Research indicates that low income, minorities are at increased risk for poor dietary behaviors leading to weight gain and poor overall health status. A secondary data analysis of the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was conducted to identify associations between food security status, income level, and ethnicity identification and weight status, dietary quality, and dietary behaviors. The sample included US-born Non-Hispanic White (NHW), Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and Mexican Americans (MA) aged 20-85 years. Bivariate analyses indicated that while low income individuals and NHB were significantly more likely to be obese than NHW and MA, the overall diet quality among the three groups was not significantly different. However, statistically significant differences for specific dietary behaviors were found. NHW reported higher consumption of milk, NHB reported higher consumption of dark green vegetables, and MA reported higher consumption of dried beans and peas. ...
Mediterranean-DASH Diet Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) is a Phase III randomized controlled trial designed to test the effects of a 3-year intervention of a hybrid of the Mediterranean and DASH diets, called MIND, on cognitive decline among 600 individuals 65+ years without cognitive impairment who are overweight and have suboptimal diets. The proposed MIND diet is a hybrid of the Mediterranean and DASH diets but with selected modifications based on the most compelling evidence in the diet-dementia field. The MIND diet has the same basic components of the DASH and Mediterranean diets, such as emphasis on natural plant-based foods and limited animal and high saturated fat foods, but uniquely specifies green leafy vegetables and berries as well as food component servings that reflect the nutrition-dementia evidence. The trial will employ a parallel group design comparing the effects on cognitive outcomes of the MIND intervention diet plus mild caloric restriction for weight loss ...
Importance: Considerable efforts have been undertaken to relate single nutrients to bone health. To this point, results are inconsistent. Suboptimal single nutrient intake does not occur in isolation but rather reflects a poor diet quality.. Objective: To assess the association between adherence to a diet quality index constructed on the basis of dietary recommendations or existing healthy dietary patterns and fractures in postmenopausal women.. Design, Setting, and Participants: Post hoc analysis was conducted of longitudinal data from 40 clinical centers throughout the United States included in the Womens Health Initiative (WHI) observational study. Participants in the prospective cohort included 93 676 women who were eligible for the WHI if they were aged 50 to 79 years. Recruitment was conducted from October 1, 1993, to December 31, 1998, with the study ending August 29, 2014. The WHI food frequency questionnaire was used to derive nutrient and food intake at baseline. Diet quality and ...
Studies have assessed individual components of a western diet, but no study has assessed the long-term, cumulative effects of a western diet on aging and Alzheimers disease (AD). Therefore, we have formulated the first western-style diet that mimics the fat, carbohydrate, protein, vitamin and mineral levels of western diets. This diet was fed to aging C57BL/6J (B6) mice to identify phenotypes that may increase susceptibility to AD, and to APP/PS1 mice, a mouse model of AD, to determine the effects of the diet in AD. Astrocytosis and microglia/monocyte activation were dramatically increased in response to diet and was further increased in APP/PS1 mice fed the western diet. This increase in glial responses was associated with increased plaque burden in the hippocampus. Interestingly, given recent studies highlighting the importance of TREM2 in microglia/monocytes in AD susceptibility and progression, B6 and APP/PS1 mice fed the western diet showed significant increases TREM2+ microglia/monocytes.
This could be attributed to the similarities in the nutrient composition of the two diets (Table 1) and suggests that the inclusion of 5% BGO, which replaced 11.11% soybean meal and 14.93% maize in the pullet chick diet, was so low to have affected the performance of the birds. Pullets fed 10% BGO diet had daily weight gain and final live weight that were significantly (P,0.05) higher than those of pullets fed 15, 20 and 25% BGO diets. Values of these two parameters for pullet chicks fed 10, 15, 20 and 25% BGO diets were significantly lower (P,0.05) than the values of pullets fed 5% BGO and control diets. The higher live weight gain and final live weight of pullet chicks fed 5% BGO and control diets could be attributed to higher CP and ME of the diets (Table 1). It could be observed that the CP and ME content of the diets were decreasing with increasing levels of BGO in the diets. Crude fibre content was also increasing, which could have negatively affected the performance of the chicks. ...
How To Get Ripped FAST? (Step By Step Guide) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WgFYA_v59NU. How Many Calories - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z7x5zzMGFr8. How To Setup Your Macronutrients - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VIFRY_-YuU. How Much Protein - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L-OVCYPWj3U. Low Fat Diet vs Low Carb Diet https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i17TIMU2EDY. Key points:. When protein and the calorie deficit are equated low carb diets perform pretty much the same as low fat diets in terms of weight loss.. Additionally moderate-high carbohydrate diets yield better performance in the gym for most people.. And if we look at the majority of natural physique athlete diets its usually a moderate-high amount of carbohydrates, moderate protein and low-moderate fat.. The advocates promote the fact that low carb diets are more effective for weight loss are misinterpreting research. Specifically theyll often compare low carb high protein diets vs low fat low protein high carbohydrate diets. ...
Our study examined the relationship between dietary patterns and weight status among middle-aged and elderly men and women in Taiwan. We found that men and women who consumed a diet high in meat and processed foods were more likely to be overweight or obese, unlike those who consumed a diet rich in vegetables and fruits. The prevalence of overweight and obesity from the year 1993 to 1996 increased in Taiwan from 33.4% to 51.0% in adult men and slightly in adult women from 33.5% to 35.9% [1]; and with these weight changes, in both men and women, dietary habits may have contributed to the increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Previous studies also suggested that the change in lifestyle as well as in eating habit, from Chinese traditional dietary pattern to Western dietary pattern, could explain these relationships [30, 31]. According to the current methods of classifying dietary patterns in the Western countries, the vegetable-fruit dietary pattern could be referred to as prudent ...
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Digestibility data were determined in 2 replications of a 2 x 3 x 2 x 2 factorial arranged experiment to: (1) determine the effects of forage type (grass vs alfalfa), forage maturity (late vegetative vs midbloom vs fullbloom), diet ingredients (forage only vs 50:50 forage plus corn), and diet texture (coarsely chopped vs pelleted) on the digestibility of diet chemical constituents by sheep; (2) develop equations to estimate digestible energy of sheep diets from nutrient content of the diet; and (3) compare popular chemical methods used to partition feed dry matter into fibrous and soluble components. Diets were fed to growing wether lambs. Crude protein (CP) and available carbohydrates (AC) of diets were nearly 100% digestible (true digestibility) regardless of diet source. However, the apparent digestibility of CP and AC varied significantly with concentration of these components in the diet. Apparent digestibility of cellulose (CL) was significantly different between grass and alfalfa, early and late
Besides genetic factors, diet components may contribute to the development of obesity, and it is known that cafeteria diet is characterized by a high caloric intake. Thus, the present study evaluated the mutagenic effects that cafeteria diet exerted on Wistar rats and its consequences on female offspring. Twelve females (generation 1) were separated in control group (CTL) and Cafeteria Diet group (CAF). At 70 days of age, females were mated with non-obese control males. Weaning at 21 days of age, female offspring (2nd generation) were separated into daughters of CTL or CAF mothers and subdivided according to previous diet. Ratio of polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) / normochromatic erythrocytes (NCE) in a total of 1000 cells and Micronuclei (MN) 1000 PCE were evaluated. Were observed high MN frequencies, body weight, retroperitoneal and perigonadal fat; and low PCE/NCE ratio in generation 1. In generation 2, cafeteria diet caused high body weight, retroperitoneal and perigonadal fat and ...
If youre looking for how to lose weight fast in two weeks or so, but dont want to fully go keto, then a low carb diet is a good option. A low-carb diet is a diet that limits carbohydrate foods - such as foods with added sugar, grains, starchy vegetables and fruit - and emphasizes foods high in protein and fat.. There are various types of low carb diets in existence, one of which is a high-protein diet. Low-carb diets tend to be either very high in fat or high in protein. If you choose to follow a high-protein diet, which is what the Atkins Diet could be considered, your diet will be roughly distributed as 30 to 35 percent calories from protein, 20 percent or less from carbohydrates, and about 45 to 50 percent from fat. With every meal youll want to incorporate 1-2 palm-sized portions of protein, such as fish or meat.. Many people will still experience great results when eating a modified keto diet that is a bit higher in carbs, or keto-cycling or carb-cycling in which they boost carb ...
Downloadable! Conventionally, fruits and vegetables have been the major source of micronutrients. However, with the rising availability of nutritional supplements, U.S. consumers no longer need to rely on food alone for their nutritional needs. Time-pressured consumers with limited cooking skills and nutrition knowledge may find it easier to take vitamin supplements. The objective of this paper is to determine the impact of lifestyle, diet behavior including vitamin supplement consumption, and food culture on diet quality outcomes as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI) and total energy intake. We use the 2003-04 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine the relationship between HEI and caloric intake. Further, our specific focus is to determine the role of vitamin supplements in the U.S. diet by developing a profile of supplement consumers. In addition, we consider the caloric implications of diets that substitute vitamin supplements for fruits and vegetables
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Younger horses definitely have different nutritional needs to adult horses, one significant being more protein in the diet. Balanced nutrition is important to avoid illnesses like Developmental Orthopaedic Diseases (DOD).. I cannot cover all scenarios, so are focusing on yearlings and extrapolating for your horse, as rising 3 yo.. The feed requirements vary from the first year, while being fed by mum to a yearling and then the following years towards adulthood, 5 year old, gradually merge to match an adult diet. Any nutritional needs will vary if a horse is in work and the intensity of the work.. The key for horse is to get the right balance of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and copper, plus amino acids, often available in protein. Key to this is that the bulk of any horses diet is forage - pasture, hay or other fibre sources, like the beet.. On her current diet, I would feed lucerne/alfalfa hay (same thing), cut out the beet, its better if she has the hay to munch on overnight. Then add ...
High protein, low carbohydrate diets may promote weight loss by shifting fuel use from carbohydrates to fat when carbs are not available in the diet. An Australian study showed that the body could convert amino acids (protein) into carbohydrates in the lever by a process called gluconeogenesis. Researchers compared blood sugar and fat levels in people who followed a three day starvation diet; a three day high protein, low carb diet; or a three day mixed diet.. Blood sugar decreased and blood fats increased during the starvation diet, but did not change during the high protein/low carb or mixed diet. The amino acids from proteins can be converted to carbohydrates in the liver when carbs are unavailable in the diet. High protein diets probably promote weight loss by preventing hunger and restricting food intake. (Metabolism, 59: 1633-1641, 2010). ...
Sepsis occurs when the immune system begins to attack organs and tissues in response to a blood infection. The blood infection can be bacterial, viral, fungal or protozoan in origin. If not detected early, blood pressure can fall, sending the person into septic shock.. The research team began by putting a group of mice on the Western diet. The mice enjoyed a sugary diet, high in bad fats and low in fiber, antioxidants, and phyto-nutrients. They gave a control group a basic diet that balanced the rodents basic nutritional needs. The mice fed a Western diet showed high levels of inflammation throughout their body, long before sepsis set in. The low fiber diet caused inflammation in the intestines. The lack of healthy fats and phyto-nutrients burdened the cardiovascular system and the brain of the rodents. All in all, the mice fed a Western diet suffered from more severe cases of sepsis. The mortality risk from sepsis was much greater as well for the mice on the Western diet. The Western diet ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of breastfeeding duration and food variety at 2 years of age. A secondary data analysis was undertaken of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, an ongoing longitudinal study. Data collected from a single 24 h dietary recall of 1905, 2 year-old children were used to calculate two food variety scores; a core food variety score (CFVS) and a fruit and vegetable variety score (FVVS). Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to identify those factors independently associated with the CFVS and FVVS. The mean CFVS was 7.52 (range 1–18) of a possible 34 food items or groups and the mean FVVS was 2.84 (range 0–10) of a possible 16 food items or groups. Breastfeeding duration was independently directly associated with the CFVS (p < 0.001) and FVVS (p < 0.001). In addition, maternal age was independently directly associated with the CFVS (p < 0.001) and FVVS (p = 0.001) as was maternal education (CFVS p < 0.001
The risk of esophageal cancer, in relation to the frequency of consumption of selected dietary items, was evaluated in a hospital-based case-control study; this study was of 105 histologically confirmed cases and 348 control subjects with acute conditions unrelated to any of the established or potential risk factors for esophageal cancer. The frequency of consumption of carrots, green vegetables, or fresh fruits was lower in cases. Further, cases tended to eat meat and fish less frequently and eggs more frequently. The estimated multivariate relative risks were 0.6 for regular (more than once a week) carrot consumption and 0.6 and 0.3, respectively, for the highest levels of vegetable or fruit consumption (compared with the lowest ones). Consequently, a strong negative association emerged between estimated beta-carotene (but not retinol) intake and esophageal cancer risk. The risk of cancer of the esophagus was not significantly related to subjective scores of fat and whole-meal food intake; ...
Introduction: The study assessed dietary diversity score (DDS) of rural under-five children and the relationship with their nutritional status and socio-demographic characteristics of their mothers/caregivers. Methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey involving 226 mothers and their under-five children selected at random from rural communities in Imo state, Nigeria. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographics. Qualitative recall of the childs food consumption during the previous 24-h was used to calculate individual dietary diversity score (DDS=representing the number of food groups, based on a scale of 12 groups) and the scores were divided into terciles low= =4, medium=5 - 8, and high= 9 - 12). Weight-for-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ) Z-scores were used to determine nutritional status of the children. Descriptive statistics, Chi square and linear regression analyses were performed. Results: Average age of the ...
Intakes of some macronutrients can comprise risk factors for life-style-related diseases such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined the effects in C57BL/6J mice of consuming excess fat or sucrose for a long period of time (55 wk). Another group of mice consumed a low-fat, low-sucrose (LL) diet. Mice fed the high-fat (HF) diet gained weight and developed hyperlipidemia and hyperleptinemia. At 25 wk, but not at 55 wk, hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) activity of the mice fed the high sucrose (HS) diet was greater than that of mice fed the LL or HF diet. Those fed the HS diet were not obese and had greater hepatic lipogenic and gluconeogenic enzyme activities. The HF and HS diets resulted in different types of glucose intolerance. In an oral glucose tolerance test, mice fed the HF diet had a delay in the clearance of glucose compared with those fed the LL diet, perhaps due to the peripheral insulin resistance that resulted from ...
The evolution of the human diet over the past 10,000 years from a Paleolithic diet to our current modern pattern of intake has resulted in profound changes in feeding behavior. Shifts have occurred from diets high in fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and seafood to processed foods high in sodium and hydrogenated fats and low in fiber. These dietary changes have adversely affected dietary parameters known to be related to health, resulting in an increase in obesity and chronic disease, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and cancer. Some intervention trials using Paleolithic dietary patterns have shown promising results with favorable changes in CVD and diabetes risk factors. However, such benefits may be offset by disadvantages of the Paleolithic diet, which is low in vitamin D and calcium and high in fish potentially containing environmental toxins. More advantageous would be promotion of foods and food ingredients from our ancestral era that have been shown to possess health ...
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a healthy diet has been associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases. Identifying nutritional biomarkers of diet quality may be complementary to traditional questionnaire-based methods and may provide insights concerning disease mechanisms and prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify metabolites associated with diet quality assessed via the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) and its components. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used FFQ data and plasma metabolomic profiles, mostly lipid related, from the Nurses Health Study (NHS, n = 1460) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, n = 1051). Linear regression models assessed associations of the AHEI and its components with individual metabolites. Canonical correspondence analyses (CCAs) investigated overlapping patterns between AHEI components and metabolites. Principal component analysis (PCA) and explanatory factor analysis were used to consolidate correlated metabolites into uncorrelated factors. We used ...
Few systematic data are available on the range of individual blood lipid responsiveness to specific diet changes. Multiple, carefully standardized total serum cholesterol (TC) measurements were made in 58 men under a variety of controlled dietary conditions. Responsiveness was defined for each individual as the change in mean TC per unit change in Diet Score based on the Keys-Minnesota equation. Only 3% were potentially nonresponders, and even these probably evidenced some response. Of the group, 64% responded within 30% of prediction. We classed 9% as hyporesponders, while in another 9% responsiveness exceeded 1.5 times expectation. We conclude that in metabolically normal individuals the variation in short-term response to dietary change is normally distributed but that nonresponse to diet change is rare. Because metabolic, intrinsic hyporesponsiveness of TC to change in diet composition is uncommon, assessment of the real effectiveness of a dietary regimen in an individual is best based on ...
A Nutrisystem-sponsored study, conducted by an independent contract research.Nutrisystem Diabetic Program Though your body affects as well as.Sometimes friends do not understand the importance your diet and health.. The diet was designed to help you lose weight slowly over a.It is because you are introducing new foods and healthy eating into your diet,.About Us About Nutrisystem About Us Guarantee Careers Site Map Let Us Help You Let Us Help You Contact Us FAQ Email.Nutrisystem Turbo Shakes is a weight loss program that comprises of a preplanned and prepared diet menus shipped at your doorstep.Answers from trusted physicians on what are the health risks of nutrisystem. disease that is low is salt and cholesterol for a heart healthy diet to lose.The Nutrisystem weight loss program stresses a balanced diet with smaller portion sizes ...
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New research from MIT reveals ties high-fat diet to changes in intestinal stem cells, helping to explain an increased cancer risk.. Over the past decade, studies have found that obesity and eating a high-fat, high-calorie diet are significant risk factors for many types of cancer. Now, a new study from MIT reveals how a high-fat diet makes the cells of the intestinal lining more likely to become cancerous.. The study of mice suggests that a high-fat diet drives a population boom of intestinal stem cells and also generates a pool of other cells that behave like stem cells - that is, they can reproduce themselves indefinitely and differentiate into other cell types. These stem cells and stem-like cells are more likely to give rise to intestinal tumors, says Omer Yilmaz, an MIT assistant professor of biology and leader of the research team.. Not only does the high-fat diet change the biology of stem cells, it also changes the biology of non-stem-cell populations, which collectively leads to an ...
In this large cohort study of women, we derived 2 major dietary patterns. Greater adherence to the prudent pattern, characterized by a high intake of vegetables, fruit, legumes, fish, poultry, and whole grains, was related to a lower risk of cardiovascular and total mortality. In contrast, greater adherence to the Western pattern, reflecting a high intake of red and processed meat, refined grains, french fries, and sweets and desserts, was linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular, cancer, and total mortality.. The relation of overall dietary patterns with mortality resulting from CVD or other chronic diseases has not been widely examined. Similar to our study, the prudent pattern (characterized by a frequent intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole-meal bread) was associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular mortality in Danish women.8 In recent studies including Asian populations, a vegetable-rich pattern10 and a pattern characterized by a frequent consumption of vegetables, fruit, soy ...
Definition. A bland diet provides foods that are not irritating to the digestive tract and do not increase the production of acids in the stomach. It is made up of foods that are soft, not spicy and low in fiber content.Also called, CAP-free diet, foods containing C-A-P are avoided which are:. C - Caffeine. A - Alcohol. P - Pepper. Indications of bland diet. A bland diet can be used to manage and treat peptic ulcers, heartburn, nausea and vomiting and flatulence or presence of gastric gases. Patients who underwent surgery of the stomach or intestines may also need to follow this dietary regimen. This diet is also ideal for patients with chronic gastritis, reflux esophagitis or dyspepsia, hemorrhoids and hyperacidity.. Mechanism of Action. The bland diet is created to decrease peristaltic activity of the gastrointestinal tract and prevent its irritation.. Bland Diet Guidelines B - Before changing to bland diet, check with a health care provider first. Like any menu, developing a bland diet needs ...
Look up Diet, diet, diệt, diët, or DIET in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Diet may refer to: Diet (nutrition), the sum of the ... Aqua Teen Hunger Force The Diet (cartoon), a Beetle Bailey animated short "Diet", a 2020 single by Peakboy DIET, an open-source ... with Diet All pages with titles containing Diet This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Diet. If an ... the Diet of the Weimar Republic, from 1919 to 1933 Reichstag (Nazi Germany), (Reichstag), the Diet of Nazi Germany, from 1933 ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Diet of Japan. National Diet Library: Diet and Parliaments has the Diet minutes (in ... National Diet buildings The First Japanese Diet Hall (1890-91). National Diet Hiroshima Temporary Building (1894). The Second ... National Diet Building (1930). National Diet Building (2017). There are three types of sessions of the National Diet: R - jōkai ... The Imperial Diet was also limited in its control over the budget. However, the Diet could veto the annual budget, if no budget ...
According to the "Sensa diet", when using the product, there is no specific diet regimen or list of food restrictions ... Kathleen M. Zelman, MPH, RD, LD -The Truth About Sensa Can 'The Sprinkle Diet' really help you lose weight? WebMD. Retrieved 21 ... "Does the Sprinkle Diet Work?". 20/20. August 1, 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2013. "Cases and Proceedings". "TechStyle Fashion ... Sensa is an American brand of diet aid created by Alan Hirsch, an American neurologist and psychiatrist. The product lacks ...
The Grapefruit diet (also known as the Hollywood diet and the 18-Day diet) is a short-term fad diet that has existed in the ... WebMD Grapefruit Diet Page (Diets, Grapefruit, Fad diets, Low-carbohydrate diets, Pseudoscience). ... The grapefruit diet is thus a low-carbohydrate diet. A typical breakfast menu usually includes bacon and eggs. The diet is ... ISBN 0-07-063185-9. The Grapefruit Diet: Another name for this diet is the "10-day, 10-pounds- off diet." The premise of this ...
Montignac's diet was followed by the South Beach Diet that also used the GI principle, and Michael Mosley's 5:2 diet ... Diabetic diet Glycemic efficacy Glycemic index#Weight control Glycemic load Insulin index List of diets Low glycemic index diet ... The Montignac diet is a high-protein low-carbohydrate fad diet that was popular in the 1990s, mainly in Europe. It was invented ... Although a review concluded that low glycemic index diets do not achieve greater weight loss than low-fat diets, the former ...
... means the highest representative assembly in an empire, notably: Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire), the general ... Imperial Diet (Austria), short-lived body that represented the non-Hungarian lands of the Austrian Empire (1848-1849) Diet ( ... assembly) Reichstag (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Imperial Diet. If an ... assembly of the Imperial Estates of the Holy Roman Empire (962-1806) National Diet, the current legislature of Japan (1889-) ...
"No one recommends these diets for anyone, let alone everyone." The Stigler diet has been much ridiculed for its lack of variety ... The diet question originally asked in which quantities a 154-pound (70 kg) male would have to consume 77 different foods in ... The Stigler diet is an optimization problem named for George Stigler, a 1982 Nobel Laureate in economics, who posed the ... The Stigler diet question is a linear programming problem. Lacking any sophisticated method of solving such a problem, Stigler ...
And the names are legion: the Atkins Diet, the Cheater's Diet, the South Beach Diet, the Zone Diet. Year after year, "new and ... Diet (nutrition) List of diets Low-carbohydrate diet Cheuvront SN The Zone Diet phenomenon: a closer look at the science behind ... and the high-fat Atkins Diet. Like other low-carb diets, the ideas underlying the Zone diet are unproven. As of 2013, there ... including the currently popular Zone Diet, advocate essentially the same high-protein, low- carbohydrate diet. Such diets may ...
The traditional diet of the islanders contains 30% green and yellow vegetables. Although the traditional Japanese diet usually ... The traditional diet also includes a tiny amount of fish (less than half a serving per day) and more in the way of soy and ... The Okinawan diet has only 30% of the sugar and 15% of the grains of the average Japanese dietary intake. Okinawan cuisine ... The Okinawa diet describes the eating habits of the indigenous people of the Ryukyu Islands (belonging to Japan), which is ...
A renal diet is a diet aimed at keeping levels of fluids, electrolytes, and minerals balanced in the body in individuals with ... The restrictiveness of a renal diet depends on the severity of the patient's kidney disease, and the diet should be undertaken ... List of diets "Diet - chronic kidney disease: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". medlineplus.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-23. Hershey ... The diet may help limit the buildup of waste products within the body and reduce strain on the kidneys, as well as reduce blood ...
A macrobiotic diet (or macrobiotics) is a fad diet based on ideas about types of food drawn from Zen Buddhism. The diet tries ... The macrobiotic diet is a type of fad diet. Most macrobiotic diets are not nutritionally sound. Fish provides vitamin B12 in a ... Diet Therapy (12th ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-305-94582-1. The macrobiotic diet is a system of 10 diet plans, ... The macrobiotic diet is associated with Zen Buddhism and is based on the idea of balancing yin and yang. The diet proposes 10 ...
... diet and the Mediterranean diet. Both the DASH diet and the Mediterranean diet have been shown to improve cognition; however, ... worked to create the MIND diet. Like the DASH and Mediterranean diets, the MIND diet emphasizes the intake of fresh fruit, ... The MIND diet is fairly new; the first article describing the diet and its efficacy was published in 2015. This initial study ... The MIND diet also was effective at moderate adherence levels. The study also found that the MIND diet adherence was more ...
A healthy diet is a diet that maintains or improves overall health. A healthy diet provides the body with essential nutrition: ... such as low sodium diets or the more specific DASH diet), or people who are overweight or obese (weight control diets). Some of ... "Why and How the Indo-Mediterranean Diet May Be Superior to Other Diets: The Role of Antioxidants in the Diet". Nutrients. 14 (4 ... The optimal diet contains no consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (moving from "typical Western diet" of 500 g/day to 0 g/ ...
Imperial Diet Diet of Augsburg Diet of Nuremberg Diet of Regensburg Diet of Speyer Diet of Worms After the Second Peace of ... "diet" in English, as in "the Diet of Dalmatia" (Dalmatinski saborcode: hrv promoted to code: hr ), "the Croatian Diet" ( ... "Diet (meeting)" . New International Encyclopedia. 1905. "Diet" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. "Diet (meeting)" . ... The Riksdag of the Estates was the diet of the four estates of Sweden, from the 15th century until 1866. The Diet of Finland ...
The CRON-diet (Calorie Restriction with Optimal Nutrition) is a nutrient-rich, reduced calorie diet developed by Roy Walford, ... She wrote that Walford had written a book about the diet called Beyond the 120 Year Diet, in which a "typical dinner" consisted ... Other names include CR-diet, Longevity diet, and Anti-Aging Plan. The Walfords and Delaney, among others, founded the CR ... CRON-description Archived 2008-02-09 at the Wayback Machine CRON-diet as a life-extension diet Turner, Christopher (2010). "The ...
Kitty and Robert Rosati authors of The Rice Diet Solution describe their diet as a "low-sodium, good-carb, detox diet". It is ... The Rice Diet Solution at WebMD The Rice House Healthcare Program home page (Diets, Fad diets, Rice). ... documenting the benefits of his diet." Kempner described his diet as "a monotonous and tasteless diet which would never become ... The rice diet has influenced some contemporary advocates of the plant-based diet. For example, physician John A. McDougall has ...
Critics of the diet also claim that weight loss with KE diet will not last. Following the diet it is up to the patient to keep ... KE diet, also known as feeding tube diet, is a fad diet in which an individual is fed a proprietary mixture through a feeding ... List of diets "Feeding tube diet raises eyebrows". CNN. Retrieved 18 April 2014. ""Feeding Tube Diet" Promises That Brides-To- ... Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Diets, Fad diets, Low-carbohydrate diets, Obesity). ...
Diet Coke. While the U.S. represents the largest single market for Diet Pepsi, it was launched in the UK. Diet Pepsi was ... Montana, of the winning 49ers, buys Marino a Diet Pepsi, and Marino promises to buy the drink the next time. A Diet Pepsi ... "Diet Pepsi Product Facts". PepsiCo, Inc. Archived from the original on June 13, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2018. "Diet Pepsi ... "Reversing Course, Diet Pepsi Goes All-In on Aspartame , Ad Age". McCarthy, Michael (April 17, 2005). "Dieting's a laughing ...
The Ninja diet was a form of military rations historically consumed by ninjas. The types of rations consumed included ...
The Diet was thus a relic of the estate power rather than an absolutist instrument and even by the 1830s, the diet was again a ... At the end of its existence in 1848, the diet had 214 members. The diet met at Prague Castle until 1801. From 1801 he was based ... Despite these limitations, the Diet and its committees, like the Diets in Austria, remained an effective means of political co- ... The Bohemian Diet (Czech: Český zemský sněm, German: Böhmischer Landtag) was the parliament of the Kingdom of Bohemia within ...
Road diets are usually successful on roads carrying fewer than 19,000 vehicles per day. Road diets can succeed at volumes up to ... "Road Diet Guide - Car Free America". Car Free America. Retrieved 31 October 2017. How's That Diet Working: Performance of ... road diet type. San Jose, California has implemented several road diets since November 2011, when the City Council unanimously ... A typical road diet technique is to reduce the number of lanes on a roadway cross-section. One of the most common applications ...
A terrestrial diet was also supported by the 1922 gut content study, which found conifer needles and twigs, seeds, and fruits ... Lull and Wright eliminated the soft plants as the primary choice of diet, and eliminated grasses on the grounds that the beak ... As a result, the study determined that the hadrosaur diet was probably made of leaves and lacked the bulkier items such as ... The diet of hadrosaurid dinosaurs remains a subject of debate among paleontologists, especially regarding whether hadrosaurids ...
The Paleolithic diet, Paleo diet, caveman diet, or stone-age diet is a modern fad diet consisting of foods thought by its ... "The Paleo diet (also known as the Paleolithic Diet, the Caveman diet and the Stone Age Diet) is a diet where only foods ... The paleolithic or paleo diet is also sometimes referred to as the caveman or stone-age diet. The basis of the diet is a re- ... Diets with a paleolithic nutrition pattern have some similarities to traditional ethnic diets such as the Mediterranean diet ...
... may refer to: Prussian estates (1370s-1848) Prussian Landtag (1848-1933) This disambiguation page lists articles ... associated with the title Prussian Diet. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to ...
A monotrophic diet (also known as the mono diet or single-food diet) is a type of diet that involves eating only one food item ... The carnivore diet is sometimes referred to as the "all-meat diet" or "zero-carbohydrate diet" when more restrictive versions ... A colloquialism for the diet is "nose to tail" suggesting a diet that consumes many parts an animal. The diet can be traced to ... Some experts have noted that pursuing any kind of mono diet may be a sign of an eating disorder developing. List of diets Diet ...
The Paleolithic diet is claimed to be based on the human ancestral diet. Other similar diets include the ketogenic diet being ... "diet to avoid". List of diets Protein-sparing modified fast "Dukan diet 'tops list of worst celeb diets'". NHS. 17 November ... Dieting books, Fad diets, French inventions, Health in France, High-protein diets, Low-carbohydrate diets). ... The Dukan Diet is a high-protein low-carbohydrate fad diet devised by Pierre Dukan. The Dukan diet is a high-protein, low- ...
A sattvic diet is sometimes referred to as a yogic diet in modern literature. A sattvic diet shares the qualities of sattva, ... Sattvic diet is a diet based on foods that contain one of the three yogic qualities (guna) known as sattva. In this system of ... This is one reason yogis often follow a vegetarian diet. A sattvic diet is a regimen that places emphasis on seasonal foods, ... make no mention of sattvic diet.[according to whom?] In Yoga diet context, the virtue of Mitahara is one where the yogi is ...
... is an American brand of no-calorie soft drinks that was originally distributed by the RC Cola company. Diet Rite was ... In the early 1960s The Paris Sisters sang a jingle for a Diet Rite television commercial, with the line "Stay thin with the ... It became the first major diet soda in the United States to use neither aspartame nor saccharin as a sweetener. In 2005, "Pure ... In the 1990s, several fruit-flavored varieties of Diet Rite were introduced. In 2000, the line was reformulated yet again, this ...
Cretan diet Cuisine of the Mediterranean List of diets Mediterranean Diet Foundation Health effects of wine Sustainable diet ... along with the DASH diet and vegetarian diet. The Mediterranean and DASH diets are two of the main sources for the MIND diet ... The Mediterranean diet may help with weight loss in obese people. The Mediterranean diet is one of three healthy diets ... research on the Mediterranean diet indicates that a Mediterranean diet may contribute to health. The Mediterranean diet is ...
This is a detailed review of the alkaline diet, including foods to eat and avoid and an in-depth look at the science behind it. ... The alkaline diet is also known as the acid-alkaline diet or alkaline ash diet. ... Healthline Diet Score: 2.13 out of 5. The alkaline diet is based on the idea that replacing acid-forming foods with alkaline ... According to this theory, acid-forming diets, such as the standard Western diet, will cause a loss in bone mineral density. ...
A vegetarian diet can meet your nutritional needs if you make wise choices. ... Types of vegetarian diets. When people think about a vegetarian diet, they typically think about a diet that doesnt include ... Some people follow a semivegetarian diet - also called a flexitarian diet - which is primarily a plant-based diet but includes ... But vegetarian diets vary in what foods they include and exclude:. *Lacto-vegetarian diets exclude meat, fish, poultry and eggs ...
... at Diet Doctor, we have the tools to help you on your wellness journey. Diet Doctor, where your health comes first. ... Diet Doctor saved my life.. Calvin, 42, lost 140 pounds (64 kilos) ... Many members say their cravings fell away when they stopped dieting and started eating better. ...
HCG diet. Tags eat pray hcg lose weight fast on the hcg protocol and keep it off by gaining peace of mind healthy kids help ...
Whats more, a higher intake of vitamin B6 and zinc (from diet, not from supplements) in general was associated with later ... However, the study found only a correlation between diet and the timing of menopause; the study didnt look at what mechanisms ... On the survey, the women answered questions about health factors that might influence menopause, including diet, weight history ... Previous studies have shown that diet may influence menopause, but results from different studies had contradictory findings, ...
Special Diets Among Adults: United States, 2015-2018. *Breakfast Intake Among Children and Adolescents: United States, 2015- ...
... a low-carbohydrate diet during pregnancy has been linked with a significant increase in the risk of birth defects. ... The rise of low-carb diets. Today, low-carb diets are increasingly popular. According to a recent study, this may be undoing ... The risk of low-carb diets. After analysis, the researchers found that folic acid intake in women on low-carbohydrate diets was ... or the overall quality of diet. As mentioned earlier, low-carb diets also restrict the intake of a range of micronutrients. ...
Get the most out of your keto diet and download our 14 Day Keto Meal Plan. Learn everything from what to eat to what to avoid. ... A keto diet is well-known for being a low carb diet, in which the body produces ketones in the liver to be used as energy. Its ... Why start a ketogenic diet meal plan? Some researchers swear that it is the best diet for most people to be on, while others ... Week 1 of the Keto Diet Meal Plan. Our main goal here is to stay pretty simple at first. In my eyes, simplicity is key for ...
Oatmeal-raisin cookies are a classic, but perhaps you have another kind of treat that uses oats. Judges in the Quaker Oatmeal Bake It Better with Oats Recipe Contest are looking for such creations. Cookie recipes must use at least 2 cups uncooked Quaker oats; muffins or breads at least 1 cup; and snack mix recipes at least 4 cups Quaker Oatmeal Squares cold cereal. For a complete set of rules, call (800) 367-6287. Entries must be postmarked by Oct. 31.. Whats new. * Harney & Sons Fine Teas of Salisbury is selling a new blend of teas created for the Summit of Eight Dinner, hosted by President Clinton and First Lady Hilary Rodham Clinton for the heads of state at the Conference of Seven nations and Russia June 21. The dinner took place at the Fort Restaurant in Denver, Colo. Eight at the Fort, made from black teas, was served after dinner and given as gifts to foreign press. The gold and black tin features a western sunset etching plus the names of the heads of states. The tea, which costs $10 ...
Endurance mountain biker Sonya Looney shares how and why she made the switch to a plant-based diet-and how she fuels her long ... Here, she shares how and why she made the switch-and how she uses a meat-free diet to fuel her long days in the saddle. ... A lot of people shift to plant-based diets and try to stick with their old portion sizes and number of meals, but plant-based ... "Its scary to change your diet as an endurance athlete, but I started the shift gradually. I said, Ill try this, and if I ...
Whats the best diet for diabetes?. There isnt a specific diet or meal plan that works for everybody. Your health care ... Vegetarian Diet: Can It Help Me Control My Diabetes? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish ... Diabetes Diet, Eating, and Physical Activity (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in Spanish ... What else do I need to know about diabetic diets?. If you have diabetes, its important to eat the right amount of food every ...
In the Buck Institutes study, mice were fed three diets: a normal high-carbohydrate diet, a zero-carbohydrate ketogenic diet ... The health benefits of a low-fat diet were called into question by a major federal study in 2006, which found that such a diet ... Humans fed a ketogenic diet, however, typically lose weight.. In fact, an early approximation of the ketogenic diet was ... Buck Institute study suggests high fat diet may… Share this:. *Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) ...
Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is a disease of the mucosa first described in 1984. This pathology is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and occurs mostly in people with HIV, both immunocompromised and immunocompetent, albeit it can affect patients who are HIV negative.
The gluten-free diet did not improve the depressive symptoms in the patients with celiac disease, however. This is an ... A lot more anxiety and panic happen when patients are hungry or have not been eating a diet that includes robust amounts of ... Last month, we reviewed the literature on how diet and nutrition can be used to augment our current treatments for depression. ... Over the year, the percentage of patients eating a gluten-free diet who reported significant anxiety went down to about 25%, ...
A very low-carb diet is not recommended for the long haul. A modest low-carb diet, such as the diet followed by many diabetics ... Answer: Bob, its not unusual for someone to experience a yo-yo effect following a low-carb diet. The body loses water, muscle ... Increase carbs after following a low-carb diet gradually. Focus on adding low glycemic, high-fiber carbs, such as oatmeal, ... Yo-yo effect is common following low-carb diet. By Susan Mitchell and Special to the Sentinel ...
WebMD gives you recipes that work for the DASH diet to use all day long. ... The DASH diet can help lower your blood pressure. ... Diet, Food & Fitness * Diet & Weight Management * Weight Loss ... "People hear the word diet and want to run the other way, but DASH is great for anyone who wants to lower blood pressure and ... The DASH (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) diet helps you control your blood pressure. Its simpler, and tastier, than ...
It advises glucose control, exercise and either the Mediterranean, so-called DASH, or plant-based diet. All options include ... There were no adverse events attributable to the change in diet. The intervention improved biomarkers for heart disease, ... even if the standard of care has failed to produce proof of these outcomes for the diets we are told to follow today. Its also ... satisfying whole foods necessary to cut carbohydrates from the diet in the American dietary environment. And its been a bust. ...
Healthy diet fact sheet No. 394 Updated version August 2018 ... Healthy diet. Fact sheet No. 394. Authors:. World Health ... Consuming a healthy diet throughout the life-course helps prevent malnutrition in all its forms as well as a range of ... A healthy diet helps protect against malnutrition in all its forms, as well as noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including ... Limiting intake of free sugars to less than 10% of total energy intake (2, 5) is part of a healthy diet. A further reduction to ...
FitDay - Free Diet Journal. Get your free online diet journal and start tracking your foods, exercises, weight loss, and goals. ...
Free online calorie counter and diet plan. Lose weight by tracking your caloric intake quickly and easily. Find nutrition facts ...
Diet. Limit or avoid processed turkey in the form of deli meats, hot dogs, and turkey bacon, all of which are high in sodium. ... It is the overall diet that is most important in achieving and protecting good health. It is better to eat a range of ... Green vs traditional Mediterranean diet: Which is best for losing visceral fat? ...
You can repeat the diet over and over, timing to the moon cycle. ... lose an easy 6 pounds in 24 hours with the moon diet. ... Another name for this diet concept is the lunar diet or "Werewolf Diet".. The Moons Effect on the Body. Human knowledge and ... In addition, each of these plans is compatible with many other diet programs. Combining the lunar diet with another diet ... There are two moon diet plans basic and extended.. *The basic moon diet plan consists of a 24-hour fasting day in which you ...
Through his company Mohr Results, Inc., he helps all types of individuals and athletes achieve their diet and nutrition goals. ...
The goal of the travelers diarrhea diet is to make your symptoms better and prevent you from getting dehydrated. ...
... the VLCK diet was significantly more effective than a standard LC diet. At one year followup in the group with VLCK diet, most ... The low-carbohydrate diet produced a greater weight loss (4%) than did the conventional diet for the first six months, but the ... The Mediterranean diet, rich in unsaturated fats and restricted carbohydrates, is superior to an LF diet in terms of the IPF ... The low-carbohydrate diet was more effective for weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor reduction than the low-fat diet. ...
... ex-NFLer Dhani Jones has something to tell you about diet soda. ... ex-NFLer Dhani Jones has something to tell you about diet soda. ...
The anti-inflammation diet is not a weight loss diet or a temporary diet. According to a nutrition coach, this diet teaches ... Is Angel Locsins very low 800-calorie diet safe?. Can her diet harm Angel Locsin? ... Tag: #diet. * Lifestyle Drop the binge eating during the holidays. Learn how to manage your weight during the season of ... Real talk from Migs Nograles: Mahirap po mag-diet. Pwersa ng Bayaning Atleta (PBA) Party-list Rep. Migs Nograles dropped a ...
... play an important role in a human diet as well as are of great importance to the food industry and dieticians. Many people ... Sweeteners, both natural and artificial, play an important role in a human diet as well as are of great importance to the food ... Natural sweeteners in a human diet Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2015;66(3):195-202. ...
... diets have been a strategy for weight loss. Today, there continues to be an interest in low-carb approaches. While all low ... there is no clear consensus on what defines a low-carb diet. There are three macronutrients-carbohydrates (4 kcal/gm), fat (9 ... Bueno NB, de Melo IS, de Oliveira SL, da Rocha Ataide T. Very-low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet v. low-fat diet for long-term ... The ketogenic (keto) diet, a specific low-carb version, deserves mention. Keto diets restrict carbohydrates to induce ...
Source for information on Caribbean Islanders, Diet of: Nutrition and Well-Being A to Z dictionary. ... Diet of Travel advertisements for the Caribbean Islands portray long stretches of sun-drenched beaches and swaying palm trees, ... see also Africans, Diets of; African Americans, Diet of; Dietary Trends, International; Fast Foods. ... Many of the islands had wild pigs and cattle on them, and spiced, smoked meat became part of the diet . Today, jerk meat is a ...

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