Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.
Any diagnostic evaluation using radioactive (unstable) isotopes. This diagnosis includes many nuclear medicine procedures as well as radioimmunoassay tests.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the ear or of hearing disorders or demonstration of hearing acuity or loss.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of disease or dysfunction by examination of the pathological site or operative field during surgical intervention.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
PHENOTHIAZINES with an amino group at the 3-position that are green crystals or powder. They are used as biological stains.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the urinary tract or its organs or demonstration of its physiological processes.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of conditions related to pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium and of diseases of the female genitalia. It includes also demonstration of genital and pregnancy physiology.
Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system, central and peripheral, or demonstration of neurologic function or dysfunction.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the endocrine glands or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
Using fine needles (finer than 22-gauge) to remove tissue or fluid specimens from the living body for examination in the pathology laboratory and for disease diagnosis.
The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Surgery performed on the heart.
Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
A procedure in which total right atrial or total caval blood flow is channeled directly into the pulmonary artery or into a small right ventricle that serves only as a conduit. The principal congenital malformations for which this operation is useful are TRICUSPID ATRESIA and single ventricle with pulmonary stenosis.
Surgery performed on the heart or blood vessels.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.
Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Subspecialty of radiology that combines organ system radiography, catheter techniques and sectional imaging.
Ultrasonography of internal organs using an ultrasound transducer sometimes mounted on a fiberoptic endoscope. In endosonography the transducer converts electronic signals into acoustic pulses or continuous waves and acts also as a receiver to detect reflected pulses from within the organ. An audiovisual-electronic interface converts the detected or processed echo signals, which pass through the electronics of the instrument, into a form that the technologist can evaluate. The procedure should not be confused with ENDOSCOPY which employs a special instrument called an endoscope. The "endo-" of endosonography refers to the examination of tissue within hollow organs, with reference to the usual ultrasonography procedure which is performed externally or transcutaneously.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Nonexpendable items used in examination.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the digestive tract.
Non-optimal interval of time between onset of symptoms, identification, and initiation of treatment.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Techniques used in microbiology.
A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Immunologic techniques involved in diagnosis.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.

In vitro and skin testing for allergy: comparable clinical utility and costs. (1/367)

Controversy exists concerning the appropriate use of skin testing and in vitro testing for the diagnosis of allergy, particularly inhalant allergy. Earlier comparisons of skin testing and in vitro testing concluded that skin testing had superior accuracy at lower expense. In light of new developments with in vitro allergy testing, however, this issue should be reconsidered. A review of the recent scientific literature indicates that in vitro and skin testing are highly correlated. However, without the existence of an independent gold standard for inhalant allergy, it is not possible to determine which test is more accurate. The accuracy of either test can be compromised if conducted using different protocols or having insufficient quality control. Given their respective trajectories for technological advancement, quantification, and quality control, in vitro testing may offer the more standardized approach. Although the cost per test of in vitro testing remains greater than that of skin testing, the per-patient costs of the two modalities appear to be comparable, given the greater number of allergens typically used in skin testing. In summary, both skin testing and in vitro testing are acceptable as frontline diagnostic tools.  (+info)

Establishment of predictive variables associated with testicular sperm retrieval in men with non-obstructive azoospermia. (2/367)

Although testicular biopsy for sperm extraction is a procedure with a potential for complications, sperm retrieval is successful in 30-70% of patients with non-obstructive azoospermia. In order to predict the probability of retrieving at least one testicular spermatozoon we conducted a prospective study of a set of variables in 40 patients with non-obstructive azoospermia. Using the receiver operating characteristic curves, we determined the probability estimates of testicular volume, plasma follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) concentration, Johnsen score and visualization of testicular spermatids in discriminating between patients with successful and failed testicular sperm extraction. Visualization of testicular spermatids provided the best estimate of success of testicular sperm extraction. Of the factors studied using logistic-regression analysis (age, maternal and paternal age at birth, body mass index, luteinizing hormone, testosterone, FSH, testicular volume, the presence of testicular spermatids and Johnsen score), only the presence of spermatids and Johnsen score were independent variables able to predict the success of testicular sperm extraction. The visualization of the presence of spermatids gave a correct prediction of 77% and Johnsen score of 71%. The diagnostic model derived from these independent predictors when validated in 40 patients using the Jackknife technique gave a correct overall prediction of 87%. The probability of successful testicular sperm extraction in patients with non-obstructive azoospermia could be objectively predicted on the basis of simple histopathological criteria represented by the visualization of testicular spermatids and Johnsen score.  (+info)

Induced sputum in adolescents with severe stable asthma. Safety and the relationship of cell counts and eosinophil cationic protein to clinical severity. (3/367)

This study examined the safety of sputum induction and the relation between sputum cell counts and clinical parameters in adolescents with severe persistent asthma. Within 5 days, induced sputum and reversibility in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), quality of life, provocative concentration causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20) of adenosine monophosphate and histamine, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, overall asthma severity index, and blood eosinophils were collected in 20 atopic adolescents with moderate-to-severe persistent asthma (12-18 yrs of age, FEV1 65-110% of predicted, on 500-2,000 microg inhaled steroids daily). FEV1 was reversible by 13.3-2.3% pred. After sputum induction, FEV1 was still increased by 9.0+/-2.6% pred as compared to the pre-salbutamol baseline. Sputum contained, median (range): 12.4 (0.4-59.5)% squamous cells, 47.3 (6.8-84.0)% macrophages, 39.0 (4.6-84.8)% neutrophils, 4.8 (1.0-12.4)% lymphocytes, 0.4 (0-10.8)% eosinophils and 3.6 (0-23.4)% bronchial epithelial cells. Sputum eosinophils showed a trend towards a significant association with the overall asthma severity index (r=0.46, p=0.06) and correlated inversely with baseline FEV1 (r=-0.51, p=0.03). In conclusion, sputum can be induced safely in adolescents with moderate-to-severe persistent asthma, if pretreated with beta2-agonists. Despite relatively low sputum eosinophil counts in these patients on inhaled steroids, the association of eosinophil numbers with baseline forced expiratory volume in one second and asthma severity index favours a role of induced sputum in monitoring adolescents with severe asthma.  (+info)

The basic clinical diagnostic framework synergized. (4/367)

OBJECTIVE: To develop a diagnostic framework that would help defining clinical problems by the expanded understanding with traditional Chinese medicine (C Med) and western medicine (W Med). METHODS: The basic attributes of diagnosis and the use of diagnostic techniques of W Med and C Med are reviewed. Some of the various diagnostic labels and their meanings are also preliminarily reviewed. A consolidatory approach is made to synergize the usefulness of the two disciplines based on the principles of the two schools. RESULTS: A synergized basic diagnostic framework is developed. The disease (the disease diagnosis, [symbol: see text]), the state of the inner core (the core diagnosis, [symbol: see text]) should be defined. The term "systemic clues" is used to describe the symptom complex and conglomerate evidence describing the transient or sustained reaction of the inner core to environment. This is an analytical summary of its pathophysiological changes in reaction to the environmental insults. CONCLUSIONS: The application and use of the framework are discussed and propositions are made. The synergized diagnostic platform represents a starting effort to form a unified basis to exchange clinical diagnosis between W Med and C Med. Such framework may facilitate looking for new treatment modalities and results can be compared across different centres.  (+info)

Selecting diagnostic tests for ruling out or ruling in disease: the use of the Kullback-Leibler distance. (5/367)

BACKGROUND: To select a proper diagnostic test, it is recommended that the most specific test be used to confirm (rule in) a diagnosis, and the most sensitive test be used to establish that a disease is unlikely (rule out). These rule-in and rule-out concepts can also be characterized by the likelihood ratio (LR). However, previous papers discussed only the case of binary tests and assumed test results already known. METHODS: The author proposes using the 'Kullback-Leibler distance' as a new measure of rule-in/out potential. The Kullback-Leibler distance is an abstract concept arising from statistics and information theory. The author shows that it integrates in a proper way two sources of information--the distribution of test outcomes and the LR function. The index predicts the fate of an average subject before testing. RESULTS: Analysis of real and hypothetical data demonstrates its applications beyond binary tests. It works even when the conventional methods of dichotomization and ROC curve analysis fail. CONCLUSIONS: The Kullback-Leibler distance nicely characterizes the before-test rule-in/out potentials. It offers a new perspective from which to evaluate a diagnostic test.  (+info)

Synthesis of polyacrylamides N-substituted with PNA-like oligonucleotide mimics for molecular diagnostic applications. (6/367)

Two types of oligonucleotide mimics relative to peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) were tested as probes in nucleic acid hybridisation assays based on polyacrylamide technology. One type of mimic oligomers represented a chimera constructed of PNA and phosphono-PNA (pPNA) monomers, and the other one contained pPNA residues alternating with PNA-like monomers on the base of trans -4-hydroxy-L-proline (HypNA). A chemistry providing efficient and specific covalent attachment of these DNA mimics to acrylamide polymers using a convenient approach based on the co-polymerisation of acrylamide and some reactive acrylic acid derivatives with oligomers bearing 5'- or 3'-terminal acrylamide groups has been developed. A comparative study of polyacrylamide conjugates with oligonucleotides and mimic oligomers demonstrated the suitability and high potential of PNA-pPNA and HypNA-pPNA chimeras as sequence-specific probes in capture and detection of target nucleic acid fragments to serve current forms of DNA arrays.  (+info)

Effect of a patient's psychiatric history on physicians' estimation of probability of disease. (7/367)

A questionnaire was mailed to 300 Iowa family physicians to determine the influence of a prior psychiatric history on decision making. The response rate was 77%. Respondents were less likely to believe that a patient had serious illness when presenting with a severe headache or abdominal pain if the patient had a prior history of depression ( P <.05) or prior history of somatic complaints ( P <. 05), compared with a patient with no past history. Respondents were less likely to report that they would order testing for a patient with headache or abdominal pain if the patient had a history of depression ( P <.05, P =.08, respectively) or somatic complaints ( P <.01). Differences in likelihood of ordering tests were not significant after adjusting for differences in estimated probability of disease. We conclude that physicians respond differently to patients with psychiatric illness because of their estimation of pretest probability of disease rather than bias. We conclude that past psychiatric history influences physicians' estimation of disease presence and willingness to order tests.  (+info)

From diagnosis to drug taking: staff compliance with guidelines and patient compliance to prescriptions in Burkina Faso. (8/367)

OBJECTIVE: We studied compliance with guidelines and prescriptions for six steps of the health care process to identify the step with the greatest need for improvement. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study we used hidden observation in health centres and counting of remaining drugs in home visits. We assessed provider compliance with guidelines for medical history, physical examination, drug choice, and explanation of drug dosing, and patient compliance for drug buying and drug taking. SETTING: The study took place in six rural health centres in Burkina Faso. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We measured unconditional (UPC), conditional (CPC) and accumulated proportions of compliant procedures (APC). UPC determined the proportion of compliant procedures independent from earlier steps. CPC was defined as the proportion of compliant procedures among those which were compliant in all previous steps. APC was the proportion of procedures compliant in all steps including the step concerned. RESULTS: Twenty-three per cent UPC medical history, 27% UPC (CPC = 39%) clinical examination, 59% (83%) drug choice, 22% (40%) explanation of dosing, 71% (75%) drug buying, and 63% (67%) drug taking compliance. Two per cent of the patients had compliant procedures for all steps of the process (APC). CONCLUSION: The majority of patients did not get treatment compliant with guidelines. Diagnosis had the largest need for improvement. UPC, CPC and APC were useful to identify steps with the greatest need for improvement and to assess quantitatively aspects of quality of care.  (+info)

Essential Medical Tests Articles: Get information on Essential Medical Tests. Read articles and learn about all the facts related to Essential Medical Tests from our health website
International Journal of Liver Diseases and Diagnostic Research is a Peer-Reviewed, Open Access Journal that aims to publish Scholarly Articles describing clinical examinations, investigative studies and practices related to etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of liver diseases.. The liver is a vital organ of vertebrates, in the human, it is located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, below the diaphragm. The liver functions, includes detoxification of various metabolites, protein synthesis, and the production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The scope of the journal includes diagnostic and therapeutic developments in liver disorders. The prominently focused research areas are translational research in path physiology and epidemiology of hepatobilary disorders and abdominal diseases. IJLDDR strives to be an eminent Scientific Journal that focus upon the vital functioning of Liver and recent advances in its treatment ...
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research aims to publish findings of doctors at grass root level and post graduate students, so that all unique medical experiences are recorded in literature.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research aims to publish findings of doctors at grass root level and post graduate students, so that all unique medical experiences are recorded in literature.
Gupta, V. and Singla, N. (2007) Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Enterococcai. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 5, 385-389. is a medical test portal that is helping to bring transparency to the medical tests in India. We have tied up with over 200 certified labs in Delhi / NCR to provide you the Lowest Medical Tests Cost in Delhi NCR. Book any Radiology or Pathology tests including MRI, CT, PET, Blood Tests, Genetic testing.
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Our interviewees were mostly used to serving as clinician methodologists on a guideline panel. Hence, their views might be biased from a dominantly methodological point of view. Patient or other health professional guideline panelists might have different views on the challenges experienced in guideline development for medical tests that the findings of our study may not include. Despite this limitation, the views expressed in our study are in line with other research that call for better regulatory frameworks for medical test approval and corroborate our findings that health professionals in general find it difficult to understand test accuracy measures and relate that to downstream patient consequences.19-22 Our sample of interviewees play an intricate role, as methodologists, in assisting all panelists with issues they may encounter in the guideline process, hence they have a good understanding of the challenges faced by different types of panelists.. In this study as in other qualitative ...
The Statistical Evaluation of Medical Tests for Classification and Prediction by Margaret Sullivan Pepe starting at $60.75. The Statistical Evaluation of Medical Tests for Classification and Prediction has 2 available editions to buy at Alibris
Inspired by a recent video by 3Blue1Brown, I want to talk about the mathematics of probability, particularly in relation to medical tests. If you have seen the video in question, feel free to skip this posts. If you prefer Grant Sandersons visual presentation over my writing, go over to his YouTube channel and give the original video a watch: The medical test paradox: Can redesigning Bayes rule help?. In this post Im going to explain in my own words the same concept, and provide some thoughts on its real-life application.. Imagine that there is a disease which affects 1% of the population. There is a test out there to check whether or not someone is afflicted with the disease, which has a 90% accuracy. This means that, of the people who have the disease, 90% of them will correctly receive positive results (theyre sick and the test says they are sick) and 10% of them will incorrectly receive negative results (theyre sick but the test says they are not sick). Of the people who dont have the ...
Browse medical tests beginning with the letter O. Visit our alphabetical list of medical tests with coverage information, policies and more.
Browse medical tests beginning with the letter N. Visit our alphabetical list of medical tests with coverage information, policies and more.
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10 essential medical tests to be done in your 30s. A Medical test refers to the process carried out upon a patient to detect, diagnose or observe a disease.
Hi, I am getting a offer from software company from taiwan. but I am hepatitis B carrier can I clear medical test for work visa and they check hepatitis B in medical test? is any one experienced the same.
To our knowledge, this is the first definition for subhealth that fills the terminology gap between health and disease. This definition is necessary to draw peoples attention to their lifestyles, and to allow them to recover their physical and psychological states of health. If we regard health and disease as green and red traffic lights, respectively, then subhealth is the amber light. The absence of any light will increase the risk of a health-state traffic jam, as indicated by the results of this study. Subhealthy participants had the highest LRS, and only the prevalence of subhealth was positively associated with LRS. It is possible that, in the absence of any term defining the subhealthy condition, people fail to see the amber light and do not appreciate the need to make changes to their lifestyles or other factors.. We have therefore developed systematic diagnostic criteria for subhealth, based on the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome [10, 12, 14], supplemented by measures of ...
We believe that to serve practice, the point of departure and the multivariable and probabilistic character of the diagnostic workup should be reflected in the objective, design, analysis, and presentation of studies of diagnostic accuracy. The aim is to relate the probability of disease presence to combinations of test results, following their typical chronology in practice. The predictive accuracy of the initial tests (including patient history and physical examination) should be estimated first, and the added value of more burdening and costly tests should be estimated subsequently. Hence, all tests typically applied in the workup need to be documented in each patient, even if a study focuses on a particular test. Consider again the question whether the d-dimer assay is relevant to the diagnosis of DVT. A consecutive series of patients suspected of DVT should be selected. The history, physical examination, and d-dimer result should be obtained from each patient. Subsequently, each patient ...
This assay can identify decay agents in standing trees as well as from downed trees. It will also detect multiple decay fungi in individual trees. Now you can assess the situation before trouble strikes.. This approach will become the gold standard for detecting wood rot fungi and is suitable for arborists, tree care professionals, property owners, and municipalities.. Scientific Articles Describing the Assay Development ...
An infectious disease is a clinically evident disease resulting from the presence of pathogenic microbial agents, including pathogenic viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, and aberrant proteins known as prions. Infectious diseases are usually qualified as contagious due to their potential of transmission from one person or species to another. Transmission may occur through diverse pathways such as contaminated objects, airborne inhalation, sexual contact or through vector-borne spread.. ...
What do medical test results for back pain mean? Does it all sound like Greek to you? Heres an email I received from Keith: Hi Kathryn, I do regular workouts
Download blood pressure, health, healthcare, heart, hospital, medical test, medicine icon in .PNG or .ICO format. Icon designed by Ivlichev Viktor Petrovich found in the icon set Medicine #9
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Decision Points are designed to guide you through key health decisions, combining medical information with your personal information to make a wise health decision. Click on a link below to learn more about the medical test you are considering:. ...
Question - Abdominal pain, throat tightness and chest pain when breathing deeply. Medical test normal. Heart issue?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Food allergy, Ask a Cardiologist
Medical tests are an important part of lupus treatment. Find out what tests doctors use to check on the status of your lupus and lupus treatment over time.
Author: Julie Chen. Title: Five Important Medical Tests You Need to Take. Summary: Going through medical school, we are taught that we should know whats wrong with a patient before we order the labs because the patients medical history...
Common Medical Tests - Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment from the Merck Manuals - Medical Consumer Version.
Medical tests for pregnant women are very essential in every Pregnancy. These tests helps to identify possible problems or future complications that may pose
What lab tests and medical tests do I need to have before Weight Loss Surgery? Find out more from the team behind New Body Specialists!
Make the best health decisions by reading 10 Overprescribed Medical Tests and Treatments at Healthgrades, Americas leading resource for finding healthcare providers
Question - Stomach cramps with constant diarrhea. All medical test normal. How to get cured?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Diarrhea, Ask a Gastroenterologist
Read this article to understand why medical test is important for buying Term Insurance Plan in India. To know more visit PNB MetLife.
hi..we( me, my mother & father) are under family case parents and grandparents.. we got our medical done in oct 2011 then we got a letter in nov requiring heart and liver function test of my father only. he got it done in nov after that again in jan 2012 we received another letter to repeat liver test only after three months now in april 2012 he got it done. the only problem my father dealing is fatty liver and he has got treatment done for it in last three monthe and the result is the liver function test called A.L.T & A.S.T. are now controlled which were not ok earlier.we are worried that can we get our pr visa and how many times maximum the medical tests can get repeated by embassy??/please reply early... ...
Medical Tests for the Informed Patient: Topics of interest, including Health and Wellness, Medical Conditions, Medications & Vaccines, and more.
A researcher has combined cutting-edge nanoscience with a magnetic phenomenon discovered more than 170 years ago to create a method for speedy medical tests.
You can buy any number of home medical test kits and monitoring devices in any drugstore. But how accurate are these tests, and what do the results they give really mean?Americans spend about $350
List of disease causes of Intermittent psoriasis-like leg rash, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Intermittent psoriasis-like leg rash. Psoriasis often undiagnosed cause of skin symptoms in children: Children who suffer from the skin disorder called psoriasis can often go undiagnosed. List of disease causes of Intermittent psoriasis-like hand rash, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Intermittent psoriasis-like hand rash. Psoriasis often undiagnosed cause of skin symptoms in children: Children who suffer from the skin disorder called psoriasis can often go undiagnosed. List of disease causes of Intermittent psoriasis-like neck rash, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Intermittent psoriasis-like neck rash. Psoriasis often ...
Questa pagina è tutto sullacronimo di MER e sui suoi significati come Ricerca e formazione medica. basic testing like height, weight measurement etc. The exam takes about 20 minutes to thoroughly review your medical history verbally with the representative who will come to do the exam. You will still be needed to make a statement about your health condition in the application form. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? What does MER stand for in Diagnosis? MIR is a global medical device and software company founded in 1993, and today is present in more than 100 countries worldwide. Find a comprehensive index of articles on medical tests and procedures to help manage your health. Medical Education Resources 9785 South Maroon Circle, Suite 100, Englewood, CO 80112. tel. Si prega di notare che Ricerca e formazione medica non è lunico significato di MER. Get the top MER abbreviation related to Diagnosis. Class IIb Medical Devices. We know 273 definitions for MER abbreviation ...
A bone marrow aspiration is a procedure that uses a needle to remove a sample of the liquid part of bone marrow. Learn more about this medical test here.
Get this from a library! The patients guide to medical tests. [Barry L Zaret;] -- Inside youll get instant access to thousands of definitions and abbreviations relevant to all health professionals. Learn - and recall - the precise meanings of terms related to; anatomy, ...
I have broken my clavicle a few times playing rugby, and I am worrying whether this will make me fail my medical test? I need some help????
Write a balanced equation for the reaction of iron. Get Price Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores. Copper can be extracted from its ore by The liquid left is a mixture of copper sulfides and iron sulfides. It is called a matte.. 2002-2-1 183 5.5.1 Material Flow Diagrams Life in our world would be impossible without a large flow of materials, a flow which requires a significant amount of energy and time.. Related Information Of Simple Iron Ore Processing. a simple flow diagram to explain extraction of iron. simple iron ore mining diagram 4FT Standard Cone Crusher Iron Ore Beneficiation VT Corp Pvt Ltd View process flow diagram Normally this kind of raw material is not available readily from a simple flow diagram to explain extraction of iron.. Iron occurs naturally in the form of four stable isotopes 54 Fe, 56 Fe, 57 Fe, and 58 Fe. Around 92 of iron is 56 Fe. Oxidation States Iron can exist in oxidation states from -2 to 6. The most common states are 2 and 3. Interesting Facts about Iron. ...
The release of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5)1 classification system, scheduled for May 2013, will create controversy due to the expanded range of problems now classed as mental disorders. However, in our view, it is unlikely to improve clinical care. The ultimate test for any system of diagnosis is its clinical utility. That is, does it assist clinicians to improve their selection or sequencing of treatments and enable them to make more accurate prognostic statements in keeping with newer concepts and knowledge? We propose that a refinement to traditional diagnostic practice - clinical staging - is more likely to improve clinical care and inform future research into the causes of mental disorders.2-5 Further, clinical staging draws the practice of clinical psychiatry closer to general medicine, especially with regard to chronic disease management.. In the past century, a major challenge for psychiatry was a lack of international consensus ...
Over the years, statistics (a branch of mathematics) has been used to calculate the probability of events. These statistical tests are based on data that has been collected to fulfill a specific purpose. In this paper, we will look at the probability of undertaking medical tests and decisions using Bayes theorem. Practically, not all medical tests are correct; this implies that medical tests are never 100% accurate.. For instance, assuming the result of a diagnostic procedure carried out to test for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) among smokers and non-smokers yields a 99% accuracy; this means that this result will only be correct 99% of the time. That is, there is always a 1% chance that this result is incorrect. This ability to correctly diagnose COPD in a person who has the condition defines the sensitivity while the ability to correctly diagnose lack of COPD in a person who doesnt have the condition defines the specificity. Now, let us closely look at what this means ...
The vector stencils library Chemical engineering contains 24 symbols of chemical and process engineering equipment. |br|Use these shapes for drawing block flow diagrams (BFD), process flow diagrams (PFD), piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&ID), and water flow diagrams. |br|Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that applies the natural (or experimental) sciences (e.g., chemistry and physics) and life sciences (e.g. biology, microbiology and biochemistry) together with mathematics and economics to production, transformation, transportation and proper usage of chemicals, materials and energy. It essentially deals with the engineering of chemicals, energy and the processes that create and/or convert them. Modern chemical engineers are concerned with processes that convert raw-materials or (cheap)chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. In addition, they are also concerned with pioneering valuable materials and related techniques - which are often essential to related fields such as
nickel mining process flow diagram_Nickel mining process flow diagram YouTube youtube watch?v=wkej35IwNeA: Charles Brown018332process Nickel mining process flow diagram YouTube youtube watch?v=wkej35IwNeA: Charles Brown018332process
Webb, Sara Samantha (2010) Abdominal palpation to determine fetal position at the onset of labour: an accuracy study. M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.. Honest, H (2010) Accuracy of tests for predicting spontaneous preterm birth: Systematic reviews of diagnostic research. M.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.. Cooper, Natalie Ann MacKinnon (2013) Ambulatory gynaecology: guidelines and economic analysis. Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.. Velayutham Thangaratinam, Shakila Selvambigai (2011) Health technology assessment in maternal and perinatal medicine: delphi survey of practice, systematic reviews of evidence and meta analyses. Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.. Ahmad, Aishah (2012) The association between fetal position at the onset of labour and birth outcomes. Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.. Malin, Gemma Louise (2013) The diagnostic/ prognostic value of neonatal findings for predicting childhood and adult morbidity: systematic reviews, meta-analysis and decision ...
The market study on Global Epigenetics Drugs and Diagnostic Technologies Market 2017 Research Report studies current as well as future aspects of the Epigenetics Drugs and Diagnostic Technologies Market primarily based upon factors on which the companies compete in the market, key trends and segmentation analysis. This report covers each side of the worldwide market, […]. ...
The market study on Global Epigenetics Drugs and Diagnostic Technologies Market 2017 Research Report studies current as well as future aspects of the Epigenetics Drugs and Diagnostic Technologies Market primarily based upon factors on which the companies compete in the market, key trends and segmentation analysis. This report covers each side of the worldwide market, […]. ...
A 2013 study published in the Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research was designed to determine the serum amylase, blood glucose and the serum lipid profile in 110 type 2 diabetes patients compared to healthy individuals of the same age and sex. The research showed that for the diabetic subjects wherever blood sugar levels were higher, serum amylase activity was found to be significantly lower. This finding was reflective of pancreas malfunction and speaks to the importance of a healthy pancreas producing healthy amounts of amylase. ...
Poster abstract presentations were less likely to be published than oral presentations, which is consistent with findings from prior studies.1 This difference likely reflects the fact that oral presentation abstracts were deemed by meeting peer reviewers to have the greatest relevance and scientific merit, as well as the overall greater quantity of poster abstracts compared with oral abstracts at scientific meetings.. Publication rates of abstracts varied by presentation category with vascular pathophysiology, experimental ischemia, and recent clinical trials abstracts published at high rates and community risk factors, recovery, and diagnosis abstracts at lower rates. A variety of factors likely underlie these differences, including greater competing duties for clinical than basic scientist researchers and a privileging of therapeutic over population and diagnostic research in the clinical research community.. The majority of abstracts were published as full articles within 2 years of ...
Nayak, Malathi G and George, Anice and Vidyasagar, MS and Mathew, Stanley and Nayak, Sudhakar and Nayak, Baby S and Shashidhara, YN and Kamath, Asha (2017) Quality of life among cancer patients. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 23 (4). pp. 445-450. ISSN 0973-1075 Varashree, BS and Shenoy, Vijetha Belle and Prabhu, Krishnananda (2017) Correlation of pregnancy associated plasma protein a and zinc with calculated risk ratio of dual test. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 11 (9). BC24-BC26. ISSN 0973-709X Kamath, Pujan and Nayak, Rashmi and Kamath, Shobha U and Pai, Deepika (2017) A comparative evaluation of the remineralization potential of three commercially available remineralizing agents on white spot lesions in primary teeth: An in vitro study. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 35 (3). pp. 229-237. ISSN 0970 - 4388 Shetty, Kiran and Shetty, Ranjan K and Rao, Pragna and Ballal, Mamatha and Kiran, Amruth and Reddy, Sravan and Pai, Umesh Y and Samanth, ...
We are excited to once again assemble many of the leading clinicians and scientists from around the world for the 8th Advances Against Aspergillosis conference, to take place in Lisbon, Portugal from 1st to 3rd February 2018. This conference has now clearly established itself as the premier forum for detailed and dedicated discussion of all aspects of Aspergillus infection and research, and previously published proceedings have been very well-received. The Aspergillus field continues in a state of rapid advancement, including the publication of numerous post-genomic papers and substantial advances in translational, immunologic, epidemiologic and diagnostic research. The launch of several antifungals in the last few years and anticipated clinical trials of newer compounds with novel mechanisms of action is an exciting time for mycology. Pan-azole, and echinocandin resistance has emerged and requires unique approaches, and combination therapy remains an important area of interest. Greatly ...
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research aims to publish findings of doctors at grass root level and post graduate students, so that all unique medical experiences are recorded in literature.
The technique is a double-contrast procedure that allows detailed imaging of the entire small intestine. However, the procedure ... Chernecky, Cynthia; Berger, Barbara (2012). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN ... Procedure[edit]. Clinical status and relevant medical history are reviewed prior to the studies.[10] Patient consent is ... Medical diagnostics. Normal barium swallow fluoroscopic image, showing the ingested barium sulfate being induced down the ...
The technique is a double-contrast procedure that allows detailed imaging of the entire small intestine. However, the procedure ... ISBN 978-0-7020-4549-3. Chernecky, Cynthia; Berger, Barbara (2012). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. Elsevier Health ... The procedure is repeated several times with the examination table tilted at various angles. A total of 350-450 mL of barium is ... In this procedure continuous infusion of contrast into the bowel as well as IV contrast injection take place. Therefore, there ...
During diagnostic procedures, standard safety precautions apply. Eggs are not directly infectious to humans (in contrast to ... These simple diagnostic techniques are able to identify the nature of the infection to the genus level, which is usually ... A potential diagnostic tool and treatment is the contrast medium gastrografin which, when introduced into the duodenum, allows ... Gastrografin may be potentially used both as a diagnostic and therapeutic; when introduced into the duodenum it allows for the ...
PGD technique[edit]. Embryos for PGD are obtained from IVF procedures in which the oocyte is artificially fertilized by sperm. ... and other preimplantation genetic diagnostic tests. These tests are quite common, and reliable, as we talk about them today; ... The technique was first used in 1989. PGD is used primarily to select embryos for implantation in the case of possible genetic ... Although genome editing techniques may be a fairly inexpensive way to achieve genetic modification, there are larger issues of ...
Beyer, K; Teuber, SS (June 2005). "Food allergy diagnostics: scientific and unproven procedures". Current Opinion in Allergy ... "Unorthodox techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of allergy, asthma and immune disorders". Australasian Society of ... Niggemann, B.; Gruber, C. (August 2004). "Unproven diagnostic procedures in IgE-mediated allergic diseases". Allergy. 59 (8): ... March 2008). "Allergy diagnostic testing: an updated practice parameter" (PDF). Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 100 (3 ...
He also invented a diagnostic test for venous hemodynamics. He created a surgical technique for small vessel anastomosis in ... He devised a surgical procedure for vein valve transplantation and a surgical procedure for venous embolectomy. ... Under the guidance of Indian artist B. Gulam Mahammad, Rai learnt the "India Ink Wash work" technique using a brush. The ... Rai is a pioneer in chronic venous disease research.[citation needed] He implemented new techniques for descending phlebography ...
Techniques such as angioplasty, stenting, clot retrieval, embolization, and diagnostic angiography are endovascular procedures. ... Radiology-assisted spine surgery uses minimally-invasive procedures. They include the techniques of vertebroplasty and ... Early forms of neuroanesthesia were found during procedures of trepanning in Southern America, like Peru. In these procedures ... The Incas appear to have practiced a procedure known as trepanation since the late Stone age.[6] During the Middle Ages in ...
More invasive diagnostic techniques are then necessary, posing a greater potential for complications such as pneumothorax.[11] ... ENB (Electromagnetic Navigation Bronchoscopy) or EMN bronchoscopy is a medical procedure utilizing electromagnetic technology ... "Electromagnetic navigation diagnostic bronchoscopy for small peripheral lung lesions". *^ "IEEE Xplore - Sign ... The overall diagnostic yield found in the present study is superior to rates reported in most previous studies performed for ...
Techniques such as angioplasty, stenting, clot retrieval, embolization, and diagnostic angiography are endovascular procedures ... Radiology assisted spine surgery uses minimally-invasive procedures. They include the techniques of vertebroplasty and ... This procedure is known as a discectomy. Generally once a disc is removed it is replaced by an implant which will create a bony ... This procedure is used when the tumor does not have clear boundaries and the surgeon wants to know if they are invading on ...
MRI guided techniques have improved the diagnostic accuracy of the procedure. Biopsies can be done through the rectum or penis ... Prostate biopsy guided by magnetic resonance imaging has improved the diagnostic accuracy of the procedure. Prostate-specific ... Consensus has not been determined as to which of the MRI-targeted biopsy techniques is more useful. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT imaging ... Giganti, Francesco; Moore, Caroline M. (2017). "A critical comparison of techniques for MRI-targeted biopsy of the prostate". ...
GLOWM video demonstrating forceps delivery technique. *v. *t. *e. Obstetrical surgery and other procedures (ICD-9-CM V3 72-75, ... Technique[edit]. The cervix must be fully dilated and retracted and the membranes ruptured. The urinary bladder should be empty ... These procedures came with various risks to the mother's health along with the death of the baby. However, with the ... the use of forceps and training in the technique of its use has sharply declined. ...
Genetic diagnostic[edit]. Genetic tests may be useful in assessing whether a person has primary lactose intolerance. Lactase ... The procedure consists of extracting and amplifying DNA from the sample, following with a hybridation protocol in a strip. ... Modern techniques have enabled a bedside test, identifying presence of lactase enzyme on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy ... Diagnostic method. Symptoms resolve following eliminating lactose[1]. Differential diagnosis. Irritable bowel syndrome, celiac ...
Another diagnostic technique is conventional lymphangiography. It is rarely used since there are equally sensitive yet less ... Lymphangiography procedures use the contrast dye agent lipiodol, which is injected into the lymphatic vessels. The chylothorax ... Another, more commonly used type of lymphogram is nuclear lymphoscintigraphy; this procedure requires human pentetic acid ... invasive techniques available to identify a chylothorax. ...
This procedure uses generally lower frequencies than medical diagnostic ultrasound (250-2000 kHz), but significantly higher ... This is accomplished using a technique known as High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), also called focused ultrasound ... Therapeutic ultrasound refers generally to any type of ultrasonic procedure that uses ultrasound for therapeutic benefit. This ... Ultrasound is essential to the procedures of ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy and endovenous laser treatment for the non- ...
Coronary angiography is a diagnostic procedure that allows visualization of the coronary vessels. Fluoroscopy is used to ... technique is also used to assess the amount of occlusion (or blockage) in a coronary artery, often described as a percentage of ... Like any procedure, the benefits should outweigh the risks and so this procedure is reserved for those with symptoms of serious ... This is done both for diagnostic and interventional purposes. A common example of cardiac catheterization is coronary ...
Both of these procedures can be done in an outpatient setting. Diagnostic imaging techniques for salivary gland tumors include ... More detailed surgical technique and the support for additional adjuvant radiotherapy depends on whether the tumor is malignant ... Tissue sampling procedures include fine needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy (bigger needle comparing to FNA). ... It is more invasive but is more accurate compared to FNA with diagnostic accuracy greater than 97%. Furthermore, core needle ...
If severe symptoms persist, more invasive techniques may be required. In spite of the lack of knowledge of the cause of the ... In spite of all the diagnostic tests available today, many pleural effusions remain idiopathic in origin. ... Thoracoscopy has become the mainstay of invasive procedures as closed pleural biopsy has fallen into disuse. ... pH determination and other more esoteric tests are required as diagnostic tools for determining the causes of this abnormal ...
Bumann A; Lotzmann U (2002). TMJ Disorders and Orofacial Pain: The Role of Dentistry in a Multidisciplinary Diagnostic Approach ... Visualizing the styloid process on a CT scan with 3D reconstruction is the suggested imaging technique.[8] The enlarged styloid ... Because of the proximity of several large vascular structures in this area this procedure should not be considered to be risk ...
A variety of pre-operative diagnostic procedures have been investigated but none has been established as infallibly reliable. ... Positron emission tomography is becoming the most useful imaging technique. The differential diagnosis of congenital ... Diagnostic efforts then shift to determining the type- elevated ammonia levels or abnormal organic acids can indicate specific ... For some time, the most common surgical procedure was removal of almost all of the pancreas, this cured some infants but not ...
This is achieved by constant health check tracking with diagnostic procedures to enable issue monitoring and problem solving. ... Emerging analytics techniques including machine learning and machine reasoning further enable proactive support capabilities. ... Automated self-support automates the self-support process, freeing users from self-help diagnostics and troubleshooting from on ... Automation is the software that enables support personnel to remotely access their customers desktop or server for diagnostics ...
Microscopic examination of microfilariae is a practical diagnostic procedure to find Loa loa. It is important to time the blood ... concentration techniques can be used. These include centrifugation of the blood sample lyzed in 2% formalin (Knott's technique ... but more specific diagnostic tests that have been or are currently being development (see: Diagnostics) must to be supported ... A detailed surgical strategy to remove an adult worm is as follows (from a real case in New York City). The 2007 procedure to ...
This technique is commonly used in basic science research and laboratory diagnostic purpose. This can be done on tissue section ... The whole procedure can be performed on cells from the blood, bone marrow or spinal fluid in a matter of a few hours. ... This technique allows rapid and easy phenotyping of each cell line in a heterogeneous sample according to the presence or ... Immunophenotyping is a technique used to study the protein expressed by cells. ...
In human use for diagnostic purposes, long-term video-EEG monitoring is a relatively safe procedure compared to other invasive ... For ethical purposes, when used in a laboratory setting for research purposes as opposed to a diagnostic technique on human ... Long-term or "continuous" video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring is a diagnostic technique commonly used in patients ... Like standard EEG-testing, long-term video-EEG monitoring techniques developed from techniques in 1875 by Richard Caton in ...
Use of invasive diagnostic techniques in the case of pregnant mothers increases the chances of abortion and mental stress. "NCI ... In order to perform an invasive test or surgery it is important that the procedure, as with any medical procedure, should be ... Some surgical procedures require a specific set of equipment. For example, in some orthopedic surgery cases, bone saws, files, ... During this procedure, a physician measures the pressure inside the heart, evaluates arteries delivering blood to the heart, ...
It is a new diagnostic procedure, still undergoing investigation; more analysis is necessary to hone its technical aspects. ... Recent advances in noninvasive diagnostic techniques in vascular disease. St. Louis: Mosby; 1990. Belov, S. Classification of ... Diagnostic tests for venous thrombosis. In: Cranley JJ, ed. Vascular surgery. New York: Harper and Row, 1975. Christopoulos, D ... Sheppard, M. A procedure for the prevention of recurrent saphenofemoral incompetence. Aust N Z, J Surg 1978; 48:322-326. ...
The Robicsek procedure is a single-stage procedure (one surgery only). The purported advantage of this technique is that it is ... Kyphoscoliosis is excluded by diagnostic imaging of the spine, where in pectus excavatum the spine usually appears normal in ... The bar is subsequently removed in a simple out-patient procedure; this technique is thus a two-stage procedure.[citation ... also known as MIRPE or Nuss technique. The magnetic mini-mover procedure (3MP) is a minimally invasive procedure used to ...
More invasive diagnostic techniques are then necessary, posing a greater potential for complications such as pneumothorax. ... Upon arriving at the target ENB enables multiple applications all within the same procedure. CT scans of the patient's chest ... The overall diagnostic yield found in the present study is superior to rates reported in most previous studies performed for ... Patients with poor lung function may not tolerate more invasive procedures, leaving them with "watchful waiting" as their only ...
Surgical techniques are also being refined by the neurosurgical research community. Successful procedures expand the area ... Diagnostic technology is another area for continued research. MRI has enabled scientists to see conditions in the spine, ... Surgery of the spinal cord has certain characteristic risks associated with it, and the benefits of a surgical procedure on the ... CT scans allow physicians to see abnormalities in the brain, and other diagnostic tests have also improved greatly with the ...
... is generally a very safe technique. However, as with all surgical procedures, there are possible pitfalls and ... Since that time, the field of arthroscopy has evolved to encompass diagnostic and therapeutic procedures to many joints. ... If the procedure is being performed for early arthritis (wear and tear), the results are not as clear-cut, and a larger ... New techniques are prevalent in hip arthroscopy. There is good evidence to support the creation of a new labrum by performing a ...
... and techniques by the treating physician; these include quantitative PCR procedures, which are employed in clinical ... Winn W (2006). Koneman's color atlas and textbook of diagnostic microbiology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN ... Diagnostic microbiology laboratories and reference laboratories are key for identifying outbreaks of MRSA. Normally, a ... "Controlling methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: quantifying the effects of interventions and rapid diagnostic testing ...
Besides its established role as a diagnostic technique, PET has an expanding role as a method to assess the response to therapy ... Later, the substance was used in dedicated positron tomographic scanners, to yield the modern procedure. ... Bracco Diagnostics, CardioGen-82, 2000 *^ Michael E. Phelps (2006). PET: physics, instrumentation, and scanners. Springer. pp. ... Positron-emission tomography (PET)[1] is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic ...
Diagnostic tests. The diagnostic tests currently available require specialised equipment and highly trained personnel. Since ... Transportation crews are instructed to follow a certain isolation procedure, should anyone exhibit symptoms resembling EVD.[122 ... Education of caregivers in these techniques, and providing such barrier-separation supplies has been a priority of Doctors ... In field or mobile hospitals, the most common and sensitive diagnostic methods are real-time PCR and ELISA.[99] In 2014, with ...
Procedures[edit]. Limited evidence supports comedo extraction, but it is an option for comedones that do not improve with ... Several scales exist to grade the severity of acne vulgaris, but disagreement persists about the ideal one for diagnostic use.[ ... The Leeds acne grading technique counts acne lesions on the face, back, and chest and categorizes them as inflammatory or non- ... Lifestyle changes, medications, medical procedures[7][8]. Medication. Azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, ...
Clinical laboratory sciences are the clinical diagnostic services that apply laboratory techniques to diagnosis and management ... Referrals are made for those patients who required the expertise or procedures performed by specialists. These include both ... Diagnostic radiology is concerned with imaging of the body, e.g. by x-rays, x-ray computed tomography, ultrasonography, and ... Basic diagnostic medical devices (e.g. stethoscope, tongue depressor) are typically used. After examination for signs and ...
"Revue Scientifique et Technique. 23 (2): 569-81. doi:10.20506/rst.23.2.1503. PMID 15702720.. ... Diagnostic method. Based on symptoms, tick exposure, blood tests[3]. Prevention. Prevention of tick bites (clothing the limbs, ... of Borrelia cells in myocardial tissue may be used in specific cases but are usually not done because of risk of the procedure. ... OspA antigens, shed by live Borrelia bacteria into urine, are a promising technique being studied.[117] The use of nanotrap ...
Chiropractors, like other primary care providers, sometimes employ diagnostic imaging techniques such as X-rays and CT scans ... although most chiropractors mix techniques from several schools. The following adjustive procedures were received by more than ... The diversified technique is the most often applied technique at 93%, followed by the Activator mechanical-assisted technique ... Nimmo Receptor-Tonus Technique, applied kinesiology (which emphasises "muscle testing" as a diagnostic tool), and cranial.[75] ...
... "risks of medical imaging at patient doses below 50 mSv for single procedures or 100 mSv for multiple procedures over short time ... Seeram E, Brennan PC (2016). Radiation Protection in Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging. Jones & Bartlett. ISBN 9781284117714. .. ... Similar techniques are used in airport security (where "body scanners" generally use backscatter X-ray). To create an image in ... "Fundamentals of Diagnostic Radiology (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 3. ISBN 9780781761352. .. ...
Many diagnostic procedures may be use to establish the degree of the cyst. ... Sistrunk, W.E. (1928). "Technique of removal of cysts and sinuses of the thyroglossal duct". Surg. Gynecol. Obstet. 46: 109-112 ... Sistrunk Procedure[edit]. The Sistrunk procedure is the surgical resection of the central portion of the hyoid bone along with ... modified: dissection through the tongue base but not through the mucosa.[12] The modified Sistrunk procedure is the procedure ...
Diagnostic method. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, tissue biopsy[1][2]. Treatment. Surgery, radiation therapy ... Minimally invasive techniques are becoming the dominant trend in neurosurgical oncology.[35] The prime remediating objective of ... followed by radiotherapy between two and four weeks after the surgical procedure to remove the cancer, then by chemotherapy, ... Thus the disruption of the BBB, which can be detected by MRI and CT, is regarded as the main diagnostic indicator for malignant ...
An alternative to the Norwood procedure is known as the hybrid procedure, was developed in 2008. In the hybrid procedure, ... The diagnostic features include a poorly contracting left ventricle, aortic valve thickening/restriction, a varying degree of ... Technique, and Results of Successful Intervention". The Journal of Circulation. 110: 2125-2131. doi:10.1161/01.cir. ... The Norwood procedure is a procedure to correct fetal aortic stenosis that occurs after birth. This typically consists of three ...
Test procedures[edit]. Being a printed plate, the accuracy of the test depends on using the proper lighting to illuminate the ... Proper testing technique is to give only three seconds per plate for an answer, and not allow coaching, touching or tracing of ... Diagnostic plates: intended to determine the type of color vision defect (protanopia or deuteranopia) and the severity of it. ... Eye surgery and other procedures (ICD-9-CM V3 08-16+95.0-95.2, ICD-10-PCS 08) ...
... (CTLM) is the trademark of Imaging Diagnostic Systems, Inc. (IDSI, United States) for its ... This medical imaging technique uses laser energy in the near infrared region of the spectrum, to detect angiogenesis in the ... Operations/surgeries and other procedures of the breast (ICD-9-CM V3 85, ICD-10-PCS 0H) ... optical tomographic technique for female breast imaging. ... CTLM-section on Imaging Diagnostic Systems website. *CTLM on ...
The procedure is defined as a type of CCPDMA processing. Physicians trained in this technique must be comfortable with both ... "Dermatology Procedures - American Osteopathic College of Dermatology (AOCD)". *^ "What is a dermatologist; what ... This technique requires the integration of the same doctor in two different capacities: surgeon as well as pathologist. In case ... Some dermatologists perform cosmetic procedures including liposuction, blepharoplasty, and face lifts.[16][17] Most ...
Grocke, D. & Wigram, T. (2007). Receptive methods in music therapy: Techniques and clinical applications for music therapy ... The DSM-IV TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) lists bereavement as a mental health diagnosis when the ... the procedure can be adapted to give them more autonomy and to teach them more complex phrases.[46] Through the use of MIT, a ... Grocke, Denise; Wigram, Tony (2007). Receptive Methods in Music Therapy : Techniques and Clinical Applications for Music ...
Other techniques used by blind people to assist them in daily activities include: *Adaptations of coins and banknotes so that ... responded well to the treatment and reported improved vision following the procedure. Due to the age of the patients and the ... Diagnostic method. Eye examination[2]. Treatment. Vision rehabilitation, changes in the environment, assistive devices[2]. ... However, techniques for cane travel can vary depending on the user and/or the situation. Some visually impaired persons do not ...
Irwin, Richard (2008). Procedures, techniques, and minimally invasive monitoring in intensive care medicine. Philadelphia: ... Medical diagnostics. Flow-Volume loop showing successful FVC maneuver. Positive values represent expiration, negative values ... Procedure[edit]. The basic forced volume vital capacity (FVC) test varies slightly depending on the equipment used, either ... Tests, surgery and other procedures involving the respiratory system (ICD-9-CM V3 21-22, 30-34, ICD-10-PCS 0B) ...
The bigu (辟谷 "avoiding grains") fasting practice originated as a Daoist technique for becoming a xian (仙 "transcendent; ... A diagnostic fast refers to prolonged fasting (from 8-72 hours depending on age) conducted under observation for investigation ... Fasting is often practiced prior to surgery or other procedures that require general anesthetics because of the risk of ... Several metabolic adjustments occur during fasting, and some diagnostic tests are used to determine a fasting state. For ...
Techniques and related procedures[edit]. There are four different techniques for phalloplasty. All of the techniques involve ... Gender Identity Disorders: Diagnostic and Surgical Aspects by Michael Sohn, and Hartmut Bosinski, MD (Journal of Sexual ... No-touch surgical technique[edit]. This technique for penile prosthesis implantation is a surgical procedure developed by J. ... Gillies technique[edit]. This technique was pioneered by Sir Harold Delf Gillies as one of the first competent phalloplasty ...
Diagnostic method. Lung function tests[4]. Differential diagnosis. Asthma,[3] Asbestosis, Bronchiectasis, Tracheobronchomalacia ... A procedure known as targeted lung denervation, which involves decreasing the parasympathetic nervous system supply of the ... Osadnik CR, McDonald CF, Jones AP, Holland AE (March 2012). "Airway clearance techniques for chronic obstructive pulmonary ... Brant WE, Helms CA (2007). Fundamentals of Diagnostic Radiology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 513. ISBN 9780781761352. .. ...
These complications occur in less than 1% of procedures.[44]. MedicationsEdit. Evidence is insufficient to support the use of ... Grigg-Damberger M (February 2006). "Why a polysomnogram should become part of the diagnostic evaluation of stroke and transient ... "Sleep-related breathing disorders in adults: recommendations for syndrome definition and measurement techniques in clinical ... Turbinectomy is a surgical procedure in which all or some of the turbinate bones are removed to relieve nasal obstruction. ...
Technique[edit]. Clitoridectomy surgical techniques are used to remove an invasive malignancy that extends to the clitoris. ... Standard surgical procedures are followed in these cases. This includes evaluation and biopsy. Other factors that will affect ... Female genital surgical and other procedures (gynecological surgery) (ICD-9-CM V3 65-71, ICD-10-PCS 0U) ... A Systematic Review of Surgical Techniques". The Journal of Sexual Medicine. 12 (6): 1499-1512. doi:10.1111/jsm.12868. ISSN ...
Vaccines and Diagnostic ProductsEdit. Production and marketing of diagnostic tests developed in the Institute laboratories are ... then entitled Cours de Microbie Technique (Course of microbe research techniques). ... Nonetheless Roux was not convinced by this result, since no-one knew the collateral effects of the procedure, and preferred to ... produced a genetically engineered vaccine against hepatitis B and a rapid diagnostic test for the detection of the Helicobacter ...
These procedures are highly accurate because they are taking a sample directly from the fetus; however, there is a small risk ... Under the Gene Diagnostics Act of 2009, secret paternity testing is illegal. Any paternity testing must be conducted by a ... The current techniques for paternity testing are using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length ... DNA paternity testing is solely performed on decision of a judge in case of a judiciary procedure in order either to establish ...
Some medical procedures may require the use of antibiotics to be administered before the procedure. The patient should inform ... The lead removal technique will vary depending on the surgeon's estimation of the probability that simple traction will suffice ... At the time of in-office follow-up, the device will be interrogated to perform diagnostic testing. These tests include: * ... The procedure is performed by incision of a suitable vein into which the electrode lead is inserted and passed along the vein, ...
They should be inserted using sterile technique in hospital however non-sterile technique may be appropriate in those who self ... Diagnostic method. Based on symptoms, urine culture[3][4]. Differential diagnosis. Vulvovaginitis, urethritis, pelvic ... and treatment before urinary tract procedures which will likely cause bleeding.[74] ... further diagnostic testing may be needed.[3] Phenazopyridine may help with symptoms.[1] In those who have bacteria or white ...
Diagnostic criteria[edit]. The diagnosis of ALS is based on the El Escorial Revised criteria and the Awaji criteria.[10] The ... a special recording technique that detects electrical activity in muscles.[4] Certain EMG findings can support the diagnosis of ... as long as they are on NIV during the procedure.[106] ... Belsh JM (March 2000). "ALS diagnostic criteria of El Escorial ... Diagnostic criteria[edit]. In the 1950s, electrodiagnostic testing (EMG and NCV) began to be used to evaluate clinically ...
Applying vocal therapy techniques in isolation has not yet been proven to remediate and decrease the actual size of the vocal ... Bohlender, Jörg (2013). "Diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls in benign vocal fold diseases". GMS Current Topics in ... This procedure provides information about vocal fold vibrations during speech, vocal intensity and vocal frequency.[11] Imaging ... Simpson, Blake; Rosen, Clark (2008). Operative Techniques in Laryngology. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-68107-6.. ...
A new diagnostic approach to long-term anoperineal pain: a report of two cases. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2000, 25 (4): 420-3. PMID ... Chronic perineal pain caused by pudendal nerve entrapment: anatomy and CT-guided perineural injection technique. Am J ... 程序(英语:Template:Neuro procedures). *局部麻醉药 ...
... optical techniques 3-60...3-69: representation of the vascular system 3-70...3-76: nuclear medicine diagnostic procedure 3-70: ... diagnostic endoscopy 1-70...1-79: function tests 1-84...1-85: exploratory diagnostic measures 1-90...1-99: Other diagnostic ... Diagnostic procedures 1-10...1-10: physical examination 1-20...1-33: study of individual body systems 1-40...1-49: biopsy ... other imaging techniques 3-99...3-99: additional information on imaging techniques 5: Operations 5-01...5-05: Operations on the ...
Kimberly Davis, Bo Remenyi, Anthony DK Draper, Januario Dos Santos, Noel Bayley, Elizabeth Paratz, Benjamin Reeves, Alan Appelbe, Andrew Cochrane, Timothy D Johnson, Laura M Korte, Ivonia M Do Rosario, Inez T Da Silva Almeida, Kathryn V Roberts, Jonathan R Carapetis and Joshua R Francis. ...
Continue Learning about Cardiovascular Diagnostic Techniques & Procedures. How long will my childs heart catheterization ... Cardiac catheterization is a catheter-based procedure that is usually performed as a diagnostic procedure prior to cardiac ... Cardiac catheterization is a common non-surgical procedure used to help diagnose a heart problem. During the procedure, a ... A heart catheterization, or "cardiac cath," procedure is a procedure where a physician inserts a thi... ...
Several intravascular diagnostic techniques provide detailed information regarding the narrowing (stenosis) of the lumen of ... Home » Products » Intravascular Diagnostic Procedures and Imaging Techniques Versus Angiography Alone in Coronary Artery ... Intravascular Diagnostic Procedures and Imaging Techniques Versus Angiography Alone in Coronary Stenting: Future Research Needs ... Intravascular Diagnostic Procedures and Imaging Techniques Versus Angiography Alone in Coronary Artery Stenting: Comparative ...
Increased diagnostic accuracy in extension of soft tissue primary lesion as well as improved accuracy for cervical lymph node ... Pre-Procedure. Background. The tongue is a highly specialized, vital organ of the oral cavity. Resecting a part or all of the ... Technique. Approach. Oncologic resection should include at least 2 cm margin from the macroscopic border of the cancer. Cold ... This technique is contraindicated for tumor extension to periosteum of lingual mandible surface. Larger or total glossectomy ...
Diagnostic Testing Summary. If clinical history and a cognitive screen suggest cognitive impairment, then further diagnostic ... Pre-Procedure. Background. Screening for dementia and other cognitive impairments is increasingly important as our population ... Technique. Approach. Several tools are available for cognitive screening in the physicians office. These tests ideally would ... Post-Procedure. Long-term Monitoring. Once dementia or other cognitive impairment has been diagnosed, re-evaluation at ...
Imaging techniques and procedures. *CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside ... Diagnostic angiogram: A procedure that creates a map of how blood vessels look and the flow of blood in the brain. A contrast ... You may receive an array of standard and unique diagnostic imaging procedures, which will be analyzed by your team for ... Diagnostic imaging. At the Center for Neuro-Oncology, diagnostic imaging is central - before, during, and after treatment. ...
Sampling technique and procedure. A multistage random sampling technique was used to select study participants in participating ... Diagnostic approach and operational definitions. Scabies. Scabies was diagnosed based on physical examination by experienced ... A total of 494 students selected by a multi-stage sampling technique were included in this study. Scabies was diagnosed by ... Data collection tool and procedure. The data collection tool was prepared by reviewing different literature on similar studies ...
... a difference distinction is made between three techniques: radiography, fluoroscopy and computerized tomography (CT). ... 3. Computed tomography (CT) and other tomographic techniques. CT is a procedure of X-ray diagnostics creating cross-sectional ... computed tomography (CT) and other tomographic techniques.. 1. Radiography. The most frequently used technique is the ... This technique involves soft X-radiation penetrating the body to produce a series of pictures represented on a luminescent ...
Standard Operating Procedures for PET/CT: A Practical Approach for Use in Adult Oncology. ... Justification of Medical Exposure in Diagnostic Imaging. 2012 Standards, Applications and Quality Assurance in Medical ... Introduction to Body Composition Assessment Using the Deuterium Dilution Technique with Analysis of Saliva Samples by Fourier ... Introduction to Body Composition Assessment Using the Deuterium Dilution Technique with Analysis of Saliva Samples by Fourier ...
Improved diagnostic procedures. *Enhanced reporting techniques. *Changes in the surveillance system or methods ...
Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures. *. Marie-Louise Landry, MD. Professor of Laboratory Medicine and of Medicine (Infectious ... Professor of Pathology and of Laboratory Medicine; Director, Molecular Diagnostics Research Program ...
Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures. If your dog suffers from shaky or trembling rear legs, your veterinarian can run various ... tests and diagnostic procedures to determine the underlying cause. Joint problems will most likely appear on X-rays, while ... Severe joint issues may respond to more invasive techniques such as joint replacement or fusion surgery. Your veterinarian can ...
Passive Preventive Maintenance Procedures Continued * Troubleshooting Tips And Techniques * Troubleshooting: Replacing Parts ... Page 4:Peripheral And Operating System Diagnostics. * Page 5:Commercial Diagnostics Software And Free/User Supported ... Passive Preventive Maintenance Procedures. Passive preventive maintenance involves taking care of the system by providing the ... Upgrading And Repairing PCs 21st Edition: PC Diagnostics. by Bestofmedia Team August 10, 2014 at 12:00 AM. ...
Section 5: Techniques and Procedures. 42. Handling and Physical Examination. 43. Diagnostic Techniques and Sample Collection. ... clinical techniques and procedures; sedation, anesthesia and analgesia; diagnostic imaging; endoscopy; medicine; surgery; ... Detailed, step-by-step techniques and procedures including catheters and feeding tubes, and modern recommendation on ... Diagnostic and Surgical Endoscopy Equipment 63. Endoscopy practice management and marketing. 64. Diagnostic Endoscopy. 65. ...
Laparoscopic umbilical and epigastric hernia repair: the procedure of choice?. JAMA Surg. 2013 Nov. 148(11):1049. [Medline]. ... Which diagnostic techniques are recommended in the workup of abdominal hernias?) and Which diagnostic techniques are ... Which diagnostic techniques are recommended in the workup of abdominal hernias?. Updated: Jul 23, 2019 ... Illustrated review of new imaging techniques in the diagnosis of abdominal wall hernias. Br J Surg. 1999 Oct. 86(10):1243-9. [ ...
COUNTING TECHNIQUES; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; DISEASES; DISPERSIONS; DRUGS; ISOTOPES; LABELLED COMPOUNDS; MEDICINE; NUCLEAR ... It is a simple, painless procedure requiring minimal skill and no surgical intervention. In addition, a reproducible method for ... Journal Article: Lymphoscintigraphy as an adjunctive procedure in the perioperative assessment of patients undergoing ... Title: Lymphoscintigraphy as an adjunctive procedure in the perioperative assessment of patients undergoing ...
Diagnostic techniques. In: Fitzpatrick JE, High WA, Kyle WL, eds. Urgent Care Dermatology: Symptom-Based Diagnosis. ... Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. 6th ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:898-899. ...
Specialist sedation techniques Sedation techniques that have a reduced margin of safety and increased risk of unintended deep ... Sedation in under 19s: using sedation for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Clinical guideline [CG112]. Published date: 15 ... The aims of sedation during diagnostic or therapeutic procedures include reducing fear and anxiety, augmenting pain control and ... The choice between sedation and anaesthesia will depend on the type of procedure. Some procedures are very common and ...
New Diagnostic Procedures. * Introductory Remarks J. F. Goodwin. Pages 164-166 * Myocardial Biopsy Techniques ...
Mammograms are one example of a diagnostic procedure.. diagnostic technique. A type of method or test used to help diagnose a ... diagnostic procedure. A specific test or series of steps done to help diagnose a disease or condition. ... Imaging tests and tests to measure blood pressure, pulse and temperature are examples of diagnostic techniques. ... diagnostic mammogram. X-ray of the breasts used to check for breast cancer after a lump or other sign or symptom of breast ...
Study evaluates procedures for diagnosing sarcoidosis. Among patients with suspected stage I/II pulmonary sarcoidosis who were ... Using molecular techniques, researchers improved diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The ABC Medical Center, located in Mexico ... City, implemented various molecular diagnostic methods that can detect the genetic alterations in several types of cancer, so ... undergoing confirmation of the condition via tissue sampling, the use of the procedure known as endosonographic nodal ...
Examples include, but are not limited, to: drugs/small molecules/compounds, biologics, devices; procedures (e.g., surgical ... techniques); delivery systems (e.g., telemedicine, face-to-face); strategies to change health-related behavior (e.g., diet, ... cognitive therapy, exercise, development of new habits); and, treatment, prevention, and diagnostic strategies. ...
Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System. EN. dc.subject.mesh. Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures. EN. ... Pathways to better diagnostics for tuberculosis : a blueprint for the development of TB diagnostics by the new diagnostics ... Implementing tuberculosis diagnostics: policy framework. World Health Organization. dc.coverage.spatial ... Technique automatisée damplification de lacide nucléique en temps réel pour la détection rapide et simultanée de la ...
Diagnostic. Pre-eclampsia. Pregnancy outcome. Mass screening. Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures. Additional relevant MeSH ...
Diagnostic techniques and procedures. *Diagnostic tests and procedures. *Digestive system diseases. *Economics ... has recently explored this issue pertaining to diagnostic imaging (DI)5 in response to the Quality Use of Diagnostic Imaging ( ... Diagnostic imaging is a key component of patient management and must be provided in a clinical context ...
Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures. en_US. dc.subject.mesh. Diagnostic Tests, Routine. ... Malaria rapid diagnostic test products: suggested use of terms, requirements and preferences for labelling and instructions for ... Malaria rapid diagnostic test products: suggested use of terms, requirements and preferences for labelling and instructions for ...
The technique is a double-contrast procedure that allows detailed imaging of the entire small intestine. However, the procedure ... Chernecky, Cynthia; Berger, Barbara (2012). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN ... Procedure[edit]. Clinical status and relevant medical history are reviewed prior to the studies.[10] Patient consent is ... Medical diagnostics. Normal barium swallow fluoroscopic image, showing the ingested barium sulfate being induced down the ...
Prenatal diagnostic testing methods Procedure Technique (ultrasound guided) Sample Timing in gestation* ... Although FISH is the most commonly used and most readily available prenatal diagnostic cytogenetic technique, it has limited ... As genetic testing becomes more sophisticated, it offers great promise for advances in diagnostic and preventive techniques. As ... New Techniques Detect Fetal Gene Mutations. In 2005 Ying Li et al. announced success with a technique that identifies fetal ...
Prenatal Diagnosis Procedures and Techniques to Obtain a Diagnostic Fetal Specimen or Tissue: Maternal and Fetal Risks and ... for a prenatally identified at-risk pregnancy that requires ultrasound-guided prenatal diagnostic procedures and/or techniques ... et/ou des techniques permettant létablissement dun diagnostic génétique) nécessaires dans les cas où il a été établi pendant ... des services de counseling au sujet de la ou des techniques de diagnostic génétique in utero qui sont associées aux options de ...
Diagnostic Techniques --. 5. Arthrography, Tenography, and Bursography --. 6. Diagnostic Ultrasonography --. 7. Radionuclide ... Imaging and Interventional Procedures of the Spine --. 10. Spinal Imaging --. 11. Interventional Spinal Procedures --. 12. ... Diagnostic Techniques -- 5. Arthrography, Tenography, and Bursography -- 6. Diagnostic Ultrasonography -- 7. Radionuclide ... Osteonecrosis: Pathogenesis, Diagnostic Techniques, Specific Situations, and Complications --. 68. Osteochondroses --. XIX. ...
  • Advances in the treatment of paediatric diseases has led to an increase in the number of painful or distressing diagnostic or therapeutic procedures for which many children will need effective sedation or anaesthesia. (
  • The aims of sedation during diagnostic or therapeutic procedures include reducing fear and anxiety, augmenting pain control and minimising movement. (
  • The journal includes original research articles, review articles, case studies, and technical briefs on subjects, methods, processes and testing that leverage fundamental mechanical engineering research to create new diagnostic and therapeutic applications in hospitals, clinics and in consumers' hands and homes. (
  • Many patients require sedation during diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. (
  • Joint injection of the hip and knee regions is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. (
  • Joint injection of the wrist and hand region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. (
  • Cardiac Catheterization is an imaging procedure that allows your doctor to evaluate your heart function. (
  • You may receive an array of standard and unique diagnostic imaging procedures, which will be analyzed by your team for treatment planning. (
  • If your medical oncologist believes there may be a brain tumor present based on these test results, diagnostic imaging will be performed and analyzed in collaboration with our neuroradiologists. (
  • At the Center for Neuro-Oncology, diagnostic imaging is central - before, during, and after treatment. (
  • In recent times, dental cone beam CT and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) were introduced as additional sectional imaging techniques. (
  • Imaging tests and tests to measure blood pressure, pulse and temperature are examples of diagnostic techniques. (
  • 2 - 4 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR) has recently explored this issue pertaining to diagnostic imaging (DI) 5 in response to the Quality Use of Diagnostic Imaging (QUDI) Program's discussion paper on role evolution. (
  • To further enhance the quality of images, air or gas is sometimes introduced into the gastrointestinal tract in addition to barium, and this procedure is called double-contrast imaging. (
  • This concise and accessible volume provides a working guide to the main, or most useful, applications of the technique including practical topics of concern to laboratory scientists, brief guides to traditional tissue and microbiological preparation techniques, microwave processing, digital imaging and measurement uncertainty. (
  • Chapter 20 Diagnostic Imaging. (
  • The overall aim of this module is to ensure that the student begins to gain wider knowledge of investigations undertaken in a Cardiology Department particularly provocative testing including electrocardiography, pacing, imaging and invasive procedures in adults and children. (
  • Diagnostic Imaging CT is a specialty using multiple cross-sectional images of the body for diagnosing several types of pathologies. (
  • The emphasis is part of the Diagnostic Imaging Radiography track or the pre-certified track leading to the Bachelor of Science degree. (
  • The mission of the Diagnostic Imaging Program Magnetic Resonance Imaging Emphasis is to provide the highest quality of education to magnetic resonance imaging students through formal didactic and state-of-the-art clinical experiences that prepare our students to be magnetic resonance imaging professionals who are patient care focused, critical thinkers and engaged in lifelong learning. (
  • We shall be the premier educational program in Magnetic Resonance Imaging by providing innovative curricular, clinical and continuing education services to the diagnostic imaging community and the patients we serve. (
  • The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT ® ) code 70110 as maintained by American Medical Association, is a medical procedural code under the range - Diagnostic Radiology (Diagnostic Imaging) Procedures of the Head and Neck. (
  • Every clinician that has an interest in veterinary diagnostic imaging should have this reference! (
  • This gas distends the gastrointestinal lumen, providing better imaging conditions and in this case the procedure is called double-contrast imaging. (
  • Cardiac imaging techniques include coronary catheterization, echocardiogram, intravascular ultrasound, retinal vessel analysis and the coronary calcium scan. (
  • Towards livestock disease diagnosis and control in the 21st century : proceedings of an international symposium on diagnosis and control of livestock diseases using nuclear and related techniques / jointly organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and held in Vienna, 7-11 April 1997. (
  • Prenatal Diagnosis Procedures and Techniques to Obtain a Diagnostic Fetal Specimen or Tissue: Maternal and Fetal Risks and Benefits. (
  • In addition, a recent report from the Institute of Medicine in the USA, 'Improving Diagnosis in Health Care ', concluded that most people will likely experience a diagnostic error in their lifetime. (
  • Injection techniques are helpful for diagnosis and therapy in a wide variety of musculoskeletal conditions. (
  • The choice between sedation and anaesthesia will depend on the type of procedure. (
  • Some procedures are very common and healthcare providers and practitioners need to understand under which circumstances either sedation or anaesthesia is most cost effective. (
  • There are many sedation techniques available but there is insufficient guidance on which techniques are effective and what resources, including staff training, are required to deliver them safely. (
  • Sedation is not always effective enough and so occasionally the procedure has to be delayed until the child or young person can be anaesthetised. (
  • Sedation techniques that have a reduced margin of safety and increased risk of unintended deep sedation or anaesthesia, accompanied by airway obstruction and/or inadequate spontaneous ventilation. (
  • Healthcare professionals using specialist sedation techniques need to be trained to administer sedation drugs safely, to monitor the effects of the drug and to use equipment to maintain a patent airway and adequate respiration. (
  • FOB is generally performed in a designated procedure room, with the patient under conscious sedation spontaneously breathing or with general anesthesia with laryngeal mask airway or an endotracheal tube. (
  • The core elements in performing flexible bronchoscopy include administration of patient sedation, topical anesthesia, airway inspection, and sampling via various techniques. (
  • The use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests. (
  • Nerve blocks of the ulnar, median, and radial nerves at the wrist and elbow provide effective anesthesia for medical procedures in the upper extremity. (
  • Depending on the required area of anesthesia for the procedure, various points throughout the lower extremity can be used to block the lateral femoral cutaneous, common peroneal, saphenous, tibial, deep peroneal, superficial peroneal, and sural nerves. (
  • Although local anesthesia usually is used in surgical procedures, field or nerve blocks can provide more effective anesthesia in some situations. (
  • Pathways to better diagnostics for tuberculosis : a blueprint for the development of TB diagnostics by the new diagnostics working group of the Stop TB Partnership. (
  • To determine the proportional distribution of endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) subtypes and to evaluate the types of bronchoscopic diagnostic procedures that can prove granulomatous inflammation. (
  • The text features both a screening and interpretational guide for TEM diagnostic applications and current TEM diagnostic tissue preparation methods pertinent to all clinical electron microscope units worldwide. (
  • In addition, technical and scientific staff involved in tissue preparation and diagnostic tissue evaluation/screening by TEM will find this text useful. (
  • Concurrent swab specimens of chronic wounds were obtained using wound exudate, the Z-technique, and the Levine technique, along with a specimen of viable wound tissue. (
  • Swab and tissue specimens were cultured using quantitative and qualitative laboratory procedures. (
  • The findings suggest that swab specimens collected using Levine's technique provide a reasonably accurate measure of wound bioburden, given that they are more widely applicable than tissue cultures. (
  • Ultrasound-Guided Aspiration and Biopsy Procedures 3. (
  • The number of epilepsy procedures we've performed at OHSU has tripled since adding these methods that are less traumatic for the patient and make it more practical to maximally explore the brain for the seizure focus with greater effectiveness. (
  • Diagnosticians use two primary methods to detect infectious diseases: confirming the presence of the microorganism (through cytology, bacteriological culture, fecal examination techniques, microarrays, antigen assays, immunohistochemical stains, nucleic acid amplification techniques), or detecting antibodies against the organism. (
  • The diagnostic tests in cardiology are methods of identifying heart conditions associated with healthy vs. unhealthy, pathologic heart function. (
  • Diagnostic Electron Microscopy: A Practical Guide to Interpretation and Technique summarises the current interpretational applications of TEM in diagnostic pathology. (
  • Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Cellular Pathology introduces students and professionals to these concepts and the key technologies that are influencing clinical practice today. (
  • Each chapter is carefully structured to introduce the very latest techniques and describe their clinical purpose, principle, method and application in cellular pathology. (
  • Describes the very latest, emerging and established molecular aspects of diagnostic pathology. (
  • A cardiac catheterization (cath) is a procedure that passes a catheter in a blood vessel via veins in the groin or arm and then guided to the heart. (
  • This could lead to prioritization of practice changes needed to improve primary care as well as setting research priorities for intervention development to reduce diagnostic error. (
  • Interventional techniques: evidence-based practice guidelines in the management of chronic spinal pain. (
  • You will have the opportunity to practice clinical procedures, laboratory techniques, and administrative responsibilities in a realistic setting. (
  • Small Animal Diagnostic Ultrasound, 4th Edition provides in-depth coverage of the latest techniques, applications, and developments in veterinary ultrasonography. (
  • It shows how ultrasonography can be an indispensable part of your diagnostic workup for everything from cardiac and hepatic disease to detached retinas and intestinal masses. (
  • Cardiac catheterization is a catheter-based procedure that is usually performed as a diagnostic procedure prior to cardiac surgery. (
  • Cardiac catheterization is a common non-surgical procedure used to help diagnose a heart problem. (
  • Cardiac catheterization is a diagnostic test used to detect heart disorders. (
  • CT is a procedure of X-ray diagnostics creating cross-sectional pictures of the body. (
  • Evaluate the physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology related to invasive testing in electrocardiography, pacing, echocardiography and cardiac catheterisation procedures. (
  • Our experienced and compassionate team of providers uses the most advanced diagnostics and state-of-the-art science to understand each patient's tumor at the molecular level. (
  • Crosslinking reagents are used in a variety of techniques to assist in determining partners and domains of protein interactions, three-dimensional structures of proteins, and molecular associations in cell membranes. (
  • This invention relates to devices and systems for performing multi-step molecular biological type diagnostic analyses in multiplex formats. (
  • Molecular biology comprises a wide variety of techniques for the analysis of nucleic acid and protein. (
  • INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Introduction to Body Composition Assessment Using the Deuterium Dilution Technique with Analysis of Saliva Samples by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry, Human Health Series No. 12, IAEA, Vienna (2011). (
  • and as a diagnostic tool in lung transplantation, including donor assessment, evaluation of the transplanted organ for stricture or stenosis at the anastomotic site, or for infection or rejection. (
  • Select and apply appropriate analysis or assessment techniques and tools. (
  • The Lyda Hill Cancer Prevention Center provides cancer risk assessment, screening and diagnostic services. (
  • Diagnostic indications include the aspiration of fluid for analysis and the assessment of pain relief and increased range of motion as a diagnostic tool. (
  • The main goal of this Research Topic, therefore, is to promote new advances in all aspects concerning diagnostics in bacteriology, mycology, virology and veterinary fields. (
  • This presentation provides a brief overview of diagnostic bronchoscopy, with a focus on the flexible fiberoptic technique. (
  • Absolute contraindications to the procedure include refractory hypoxemia, uncorrectable coagulopathy, unstable c-spine, severely ankylosed cervical spine, and restricted temporomandibular joint. (
  • computed tomography ( CT ) and other tomographic techniques. (
  • Traditionally the images produced with barium contrast are made with plain-film radiography, but computed tomography is also used in combination with barium contrast, in which case the procedure is called CT enterography . (
  • The most frequently used technique is the conventional radiography which is associated with a comparatively low radiation exposure . (
  • Procedure Ordered: Procedure(s): Mesenteric Angiogram Poss PTA Indications: Chronic mesenteric ischemia. (
  • All patients with a suspected brain tumor routinely have diagnostic scans within 48 hours. (
  • Innovative Technologies & Techniques is produced at THI and explores promising advances in medicine that aim to extend the life of cardiac patients and patients at risk for series heart and vascular conditions. (
  • Lymphoscintigraphy with technetium isotopes is a valuable investigative modality in the perioperative evaluation of patients undergoing this surgical procedure. (
  • We also recommend that bronchial brushing be employed together with other bronchoscopic diagnostic procedures in patients suspected of having EBTB. (
  • Over the past two years, OHSU has added two minimally invasive surgical procedures (Responsive Neurostimulation System and laser thermal ablation) and one diagnostic method (stereotactic EEG) that substantially change the options for certain patients. (
  • Aiming to supply clinicians with the information they need to care for headache patients, this second edition covers the most current information on headache classification, diagnostic procedures, and the treatment and management of chronic headache pain, including botulinum toxin for headache and zolmitriptan. (
  • We excluded studies that did not directly compare the use of an intravascular diagnostic technique with angiography alone or another intravascular diagnostic technique to decide whether to stent or to guide coronary artery stenting. (
  • There is insufficient evidence concerning the use of intravascular diagnostic techniques immediately after percutaneous coronary interventions to evaluate the success of stenting compared with angiography or for direct comparisons between intravascular diagnostic techniques. (
  • Procedure performed: Right and left carotid as well as subclavian artery angiography, left subcl. (
  • Detailed descriptions of common operative procedures such as plastics, cataract, corneal, and retinal procedures are also included. (
  • Simply split into four sections, Pre-procedure, Basic Procedure, Operative Procedures and Post-procedure, the reader will be taken through the basics of performing colonoscopy in a step-by-step fashion, with full attention given to setting up the colonoscopy setting and preparing the patient as well as the fundamentals behind the different procedures themselves. (
  • SEEG is a presurgical evaluation procedure to identify seizure foci areas of the brain. (
  • Detailed, step-by-step techniques and procedures including catheters and feeding tubes, and modern recommendation on hospitalization and euthanasia. (
  • Diagnostic exercise tolerance and stress testing principles, procedures, protocols, and testing considerations are outlined and discussed. (
  • Interpretation of diagnostic tests / Jacques Wallach. (
  • Use of influenza rapid diagnostic tests. (
  • If your dog suffers from shaky or trembling rear legs, your veterinarian can run various tests and diagnostic procedures to determine the underlying cause. (
  • Diagnostic tests are intended to definitively determine whether a patient has a particular problem. (
  • Like all diagnostic and screening tests, the quality and utility of genetic tests depend on their reliability, validity, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value. (
  • The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. (
  • Get the facts on diseases, conditions, tests and procedures. (
  • Many of these techniques and procedures form the basis of clinical diagnostic assays and tests. (
  • Several intravascular diagnostic techniques provide detailed information regarding the narrowing (stenosis) of the lumen of coronary arteries. (
  • In total, 37 eligible studies evaluated two of the intravascular diagnostic techniques, namely fractional flow reserve (FFR) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). (
  • There is insufficient evidence to evaluate the comparative effect of intravascular diagnostic techniques other than FFR and IVUS. (
  • To determine the rates of diagnostic underestimation at stereotactic percutaneous core needle biopsies (CNB) and vacuum-assisted biopsies (VABB) of nonpalpable breast lesions, with histopathological results of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) subsequently submitted to surgical excision. (
  • Stereotactic surgical techniques are an increasingly important intervention for drug-resistant epilepsy. (
  • In June, OHSU began using a ROSA (Robotic Stereotactic Assistance) robot for all stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) diagnostic epilepsy surgery in adults and children. (
  • MESH: Diagnostic Errors-prevention & control-United States. (
  • Indonesia has an extensive network of veterinary diagnostic laboratories and the 8 National laboratori. (
  • With SEEG and the ROSA robot, we have a minimally invasive method to implant diagnostic wires in significantly less time in the operating room and with reduced risk of error as all calculations are automated. (
  • Which diagnostic techniques are recommended in the workup of abdominal hernias? (
  • In this article, the injection procedures for carpal tunnel syndrome, de Quervain's tenosynovitis, osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint, wrist ganglion cysts, and digital f. (
  • Additionally, antibody/antigen reactions and other clinical diagnostics can be performed. (
  • DBT can e.g. be used if a suspicious finding after conventional mammography needs further investigations, and alternative examination techniques have been unrewarding. (
  • The procedure is repeated several times with the examination table tilted at various angles. (
  • The ASME Journal of Engineering and Science in Medical Diagnostics and Therapy (JESMDT) is a unique publishing forum for the international community of engineers, scientists and medical researchers with a shared vision to use knowledge from mechanical engineering as well as other engineering and scientific disciplines to accelerate biomedical innovation, trial and commercialization. (
  • Through the center, speech, language, and hearing diagnostic and therapy services are offered to persons of all ages, including University students and faculty members. (
  • Unit 5: Assisting with Specialty Examinations and Procedures. (
  • Chapter 18 Examinations and Procedures of Body Systems. (
  • Consistent with the APA training model, students take courses in each of the core domains of psychology: biological, cognitive/affective, and social aspects of behavior, history and systems of psychology, psychological measurement, research methodology, and techniques of data analysis. (
  • Research suggests that we are unlikely to find a 'magic bullet' and confirms the need for a multifaceted approach to understand and address the many systems and cognitive issues involved in diagnostic error. (
  • The Pediatric Aerodigestive Clinic at University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital offers a comprehensive range of diagnostic procedures and treatment options for children with airway, breathing and swallowing disorders. (
  • PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets ( ) has announced the addition of the 'Concise Analysis of the European Cardiological Surgical Procedures Volume' directory to their offering. (
  • Concise Analysis of the European Cardiological Surgical Procedures Volume' includes procedure numbers available as a dataset and coded into a unique ICD9 nomenclature. (
  • Accuracy was the highest for swab specimens obtained using Levine's technique at 0.80. (
  • Cardiologists use this information to diagnose heart problems and plan for procedures including opening blocked artieries (angioplasty, heart artery stents), and valve and coronary artery bypass surgery. (
  • Updated content on diagnostic ultrasound ensures that you are informed about the latest developments and prepared to meet the challenges of the clinical environment. (
  • NEW contributing authors add new chapters, ensuring that this book contains current, authoritative information on the latest ultrasound techniques. (
  • 1. Fundamentals of Diagnostic Ultrasound 2. (
  • Abdominal Ultrasound Scanning Techniques 5. (
  • It is a simple, painless procedure requiring minimal skill and no surgical intervention. (
  • La présente directive clinique se limite aux services de counseling traitant des risques et des avantages maternels, et aux décisions en matière de prise en charge de la grossesse pour les femmes qui nécessitent (ou qui envisagent) la mise en œuvre d'une intervention ou d'une technique effractive orientée par échographie aux fins de l'établissement d'un diagnostic prénatal. (
  • Ces femmes pourraient nécessiter ou demander des services de counseling au sujet des risques et des avantages pour la grossesse de la tenue d'une intervention effractive orientée par échographie visant à déterminer l'étiologie, le diagnostic, et/ou la pathologie de possibles anomalies fœtales. (
  • These techniques include nucleic acid hybridization analysis, restriction enzyme analysis, genetic sequence analysis, and the separation and purification of nucleic acids and proteins (See, e.g. (
  • In addition to regular volumes, information on the number of out-of-hospital procedures, the minimal invasive procedures ratio, the age groups and general trends (historical and forecast up to 2016) are also provided. (
  • Diagnostic medical parasitology / L. S. García, David A. Bruckner. (
  • Covering the latest topics and trends, offering the best competency-based procedures, and providing the most innovative technology, it is easy to see why Delmar's Clinical Medical Assisting is the most dynamic learning package for medical assisting. (
  • In this edition, learn the most current information and procedures necessary to succeed in the medical office. (
  • Colonoscopy: Tips and Tricks is a practical guide to the fundamentals of this very common medical procedure. (