Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Diagnostic Tests, Routine: Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Molecular Diagnostic Techniques: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Diagnostic Services: Organized services for the purpose of providing diagnosis to promote and maintain health.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Diagnosis: The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted: Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.False Negative Reactions: Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Tumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Parasitology: The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Early Diagnosis: Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.Microscopy: The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Serologic Tests: Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of conditions related to pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium and of diseases of the female genitalia. It includes also demonstration of genital and pregnancy physiology.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the digestive system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Biopsy, Fine-Needle: Using fine needles (finer than 22-gauge) to remove tissue or fluid specimens from the living body for examination in the pathology laboratory and for disease diagnosis.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Radiography: Examination of any part of the body for diagnostic purposes by means of X-RAYS or GAMMA RAYS, recording the image on a sensitized surface (such as photographic film).Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Point-of-Care Systems: Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Diagnostic Equipment: Nonexpendable items used in examination.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Delayed Diagnosis: Non-optimal interval of time between onset of symptoms, identification, and initiation of treatment.Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Pleural Effusion: Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Cytodiagnosis: Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Immunologic Tests: Immunologic techniques involved in diagnosis.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Positron-Emission Tomography: An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Area Under Curve: A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)Endosonography: Ultrasonography of internal organs using an ultrasound transducer sometimes mounted on a fiberoptic endoscope. In endosonography the transducer converts electronic signals into acoustic pulses or continuous waves and acts also as a receiver to detect reflected pulses from within the organ. An audiovisual-electronic interface converts the detected or processed echo signals, which pass through the electronics of the instrument, into a form that the technologist can evaluate. The procedure should not be confused with ENDOSCOPY which employs a special instrument called an endoscope. The "endo-" of endosonography refers to the examination of tissue within hollow organs, with reference to the usual ultrasonography procedure which is performed externally or transcutaneously.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.United StatesRadiography, Thoracic: X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Immunoenzyme Techniques: Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Diagnostic Test Approval: The process of gaining approval by a government regulatory agency for DIAGNOSTIC REAGENTS AND TEST KITS. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Solitary Pulmonary Nodule: A single lung lesion that is characterized by a small round mass of tissue, usually less than 1 cm in diameter, and can be detected by chest radiography. A solitary pulmonary nodule can be associated with neoplasm, tuberculosis, cyst, or other anomalies in the lung, the CHEST WALL, or the PLEURA.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Genetic Testing: Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.Radionuclide Imaging: The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Virology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of viruses, and VIRUS DISEASES.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Radiology: A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon: A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system, central and peripheral, or demonstration of neurologic function or dysfunction.International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Fluorodeoxyglucose F18: The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.Pathology, Clinical: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the endocrine glands or demonstration of their physiological processes.Chest Pain: Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Fever of Unknown Origin: Fever in which the etiology cannot be ascertained.Clinical Enzyme Tests: Analyses for a specific enzyme activity, or of the level of a specific enzyme that is used to assess health and disease risk, for early detection of disease or disease prediction, diagnosis, and change in disease status.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Pleural Effusion, Malignant: Presence of fluid in the PLEURAL CAVITY as a complication of malignant disease. Malignant pleural effusions often contain actual malignant cells.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Thyroid Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.Pathology, Molecular: A subspecialty of pathology concerned with the molecular basis (e.g., mutations) of various diseases.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Prenatal Diagnosis: Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.Pathology: A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.Sputum: Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Endoscopy, Digestive System: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the digestive tract.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques: Laboratory techniques that involve the in-vitro synthesis of many copies of DNA or RNA from one original template.Reagent Strips: Narrow pieces of material impregnated or covered with a substance used to produce a chemical reaction. The strips are used in detecting, measuring, producing, etc., other substances. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Appendicitis: Acute inflammation of the APPENDIX. Acute appendicitis is classified as simple, gangrenous, or perforated.Microbiological Techniques: Techniques used in microbiology.Diagnostic Techniques, Surgical: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of disease or dysfunction by examination of the pathological site or operative field during surgical intervention.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Discriminant Analysis: A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Tomography, Spiral Computed: Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)GermanyMycobacterium tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Urinalysis: Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Capsule Endoscopy: Non-invasive, endoscopic imaging by use of VIDEO CAPSULE ENDOSCOPES to perform examination of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the small bowel.Pulmonary Embolism: Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Unnecessary Procedures: Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Artifacts: Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Immunoglobulin M: A class of immunoglobulin bearing mu chains (IMMUNOGLOBULIN MU-CHAINS). IgM can fix COMPLEMENT. The name comes from its high molecular weight and originally being called a macroglobulin.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Thyroid Nodule: A small circumscribed mass in the THYROID GLAND that can be of neoplastic growth or non-neoplastic abnormality. It lacks a well-defined capsule or glandular architecture. Thyroid nodules are often benign but can be malignant. The growth of nodules can lead to a multinodular goiter (GOITER, NODULAR).Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Massive parallel sequencing
"De novo bacterial genome assembly: a solved problem?". Karl V. Voelkerding; Shale Dames & Jacob D. Durtschi (September 2010). " ... "Diagnostic Next Generation Sequencing". J Molec Diagn. 12 (5): 539-51. doi:10.2353/jmoldx.2010.100043. PMC 2928417 . PMID ... "Accurate Multiplex Polony Sequencing of an Evolved Bacterial Genome". Science. 309 (5741): 1728-32. doi:10.1126/science.1117389 ... From Basic Research to Diagnostics". Clinical Chemistry. 55 (4): 641-658. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2008.112789. PMID 19246620. ...
Dongyou Liu (13 April 2011). Molecular Detection of Human Bacterial Pathogens (1 ed.). Crc Pr Inc. ISBN 1439812381. Type strain ... Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease. 76 (3): 392-395. doi:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2013.03.020. PMID 23639796. ... of Acinetobacter pittii at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
"Nonculture Molecular Techniques for Diagnosis of Bacterial Disease in Animals: A Diagnostic Laboratory Perspective" ... Overlap with other diagnostic medicine. Main articles: Diagnostic medicine, Oncology, Infectious disease, and Medical ... All medical diagnostic tests, particular biopsy, blood analysis, dissection, and other applications of medical microscopy. ... Diagnostic specimens are often obtained via bronchoscopic transbronchial biopsy, CT-guided percutaneous biopsy, or video- ...
Susceptibility to bacterial infections probably results from a C3 deficiency (due to complement activation and consumption of ... The diagnosis of the disease is mainly clinical (see diagnostic criteria). A laboratory workup is needed primarily to ... Recurrent bacterial infections, if severe, might be managed with prophylactic antibiotics. Estimating the mortality rate based ... Complement dysfunction may predispose some patients to bacterial infections. ...
This would prove invaluable for diagnostic techniques. Commonly treated infectious diseases. Bacterial. * ... Diagnostic tests. Main article: Diagnostic microbiology. Identification of an infectious agent for a minor illness can be ... In 1995 a team at The Institute for Genomic Research sequenced the first bacterial genome; Haemophilus influenzae. A few ... For bacterial identification, the use of metabolic or enzymatic characteristics are common due to their ability to ferment ...
Hydrogen breath test
Bacterial concentrations greater than 105 organisms per milliliter is diagnostic for SIBO. We know bacteria are colonizing the ... A hydrogen breath test (or HBT) is used as a diagnostic tool for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and carbohydrate ... Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome (SBBOS) or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) - the patient is either given ... Diagnostic criteria of 20 ppm hydrogen and/or methane changes within 90 or 120 minutes will have higher positive rates of SIBO ...
Herrmann, I. K., Grass, R. N. & Stark, W. J. High-strength metal nanomagnets for diagnostics and medicine: carbon shells allow ... 2014). "Synthetic Ligand-Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles for Microfluidic Bacterial Separation from Blood". Nano Lett. 14: 1-5. ... Thus far, the integration of nanomaterials with biology has led to the development of diagnostic devices, contrast agents, ... Gibney, Michael (18 April 2013). "Cornell nanosized 'dots' for diagnostics may now deliver drugs". fiercedrugdelivery.com. ...
Diagnostics_expectoration. US: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ISBN 0-07-140923-8. Richard F.LeBlond. Diagnostics_expectoration. US ... The more intense the yellow color, the more likely it is a bacterial infection (bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, or pneumonia). ... "Sputum color for diagnosis of a bacterial infection in patients with acute cough". Scand J Prim Health Care. 27 (2): 70-3. doi: ...
Swabs for bacterial culture are necessary if the history and signs suggest bacterial conjunctivitis but there is no response to ... Examination of the tarsal conjunctiva is usually more diagnostic than the bulbar conjunctiva. Conjunctivitis, when caused by an ... Bacterial infections, allergies, other irritants, and dryness are also common causes. Both bacterial and viral infections are ... Viral and bacterial cases are easily spread between people. Allergies to pollen or animal hair is also a common cause. ...
George W. Hunter III
Pneumonia, Atypical Bacterial at eMedicine Pneumonia, Typical Bacterial at eMedicine Memish ZA, Ahmed QA, Arabi YM, Shibl AM, ... "Molecular diagnostics of atypical pneumonia" (PDF). Acta Pharmacol. Sin. 24 (12): 1308-13. PMID 14653964. Archived from the ... When comparing the bacterial-caused atypical pneumonias with these caused by real viruses (excluding bacteria that were wrongly ... Hence "atypical pneumonia" was also called "non-bacterial". In literature the term atypical pneumonia (contrasted with ...
Willard Gibbs Award
... inflammation and bacterial infection; and exploiting this information for development of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches ... and for developing nanoscale technologies for probing cell function, and medical diagnostics." Louis Brus 2009 "For his leading ... while advancing the application of nanotechnologies in medical diagnostics, computing, energy, optoelectronic devices, and ...
These diagnostic techniques are often performed in combination with general pathology procedures and are themselves often ... Cai, H; Caswell JL; Prescott JF (March 2014). "Nonculture Molecular Techniques for Diagnosis of Bacterial Disease in Animals: A ... Diagnostic specimens are often obtained via bronchoscopic transbronchial biopsy, CT-guided percutaneous biopsy, or video- ... "Diagnostic Molecular Pathology: Current Techniques and Clinical Applications, Part I." Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical ...
During the beginning (acute) phase of inflammation, particularly as a result of bacterial infection, environmental exposure, ... Al-Gwaiz LA, Babay HH (2007). "The diagnostic value of absolute neutrophil count, band count and morphologic changes of ... "Bacterial pathogens modulate an apoptosis differentiation program in human neutrophils". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100 (19 ... neutrophils in predicting bacterial infections". Medical Principles and Practice. 16 (5): 344-7. doi:10.1159/000104806. PMID ...
"Diagnostic accuracy of cerebrospinal fluid lactate for differentiating bacterial meningitis from aseptic meningitis: a meta- ... Bacterial meningitis. Antibiotics. Structural formula of ceftriaxone, one of the third-generation cefalosporin ... is a technique used to amplify small traces of bacterial DNA in order to detect the presence of bacterial or viral DNA in ... With appropriate treatment the risk of death in bacterial meningitis is less than 15%. Outbreaks of bacterial meningitis ...
16S rRNA gene sequencing for bacterial identification in the diagnostic laboratory: Pluses, perils, and pitfalls. J Clin ... In general, the pattern of bacterial colonization is the same in different animals, with both pH and the number of ... 16S ribosomal RNA is the most common housekeeping genetic marker for classifying and identifying bacterial species, as it is ... can lower the pH, increasing the concentration of bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis. The first profile of microbes in ...
Forensic and Scientific Services
Protein subcellular localization prediction
Bacterial cell surface and secreted proteins are also of interest for their potential as vaccine candidates or as diagnostic ... Gardy JL, Brinkman FS (Oct 2006). "Methods for predicting bacterial protein subcellular localization". Nature Reviews. ... Gardy JL, Brinkman FS (Oct 2006). "Methods for predicting bacterial protein subcellular localization". Nature Reviews. ... Methods for the prediction of bacterial localization predictors, and their accuracy, have been reviewed. ...
Bacterial Peptidoglycan Transverses the Placenta to Induce Fetal Neuroproliferation and Aberrant Postnatal Behavior. ... Correlation Between the Interval of Influenza Virus Infectivity and Results of Diagnostic Assays in a Ferret Model. ... "Bacterial Peptidoglycan Transverses the Placenta to Induce Fetal Neuroproliferation and Aberrant Postnatal Behavior". Cell host ... "Correlation Between the Interval of Influenza Virus Infectivity and Results of Diagnostic Assays in a Ferret Model". J. Infect ...
Bovine viral diarrhea
Natural bacterial transformation involves the transfer of DNA from one bacterium to another through the surrounding medium. ... Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease. 90 (4): 248-250. doi:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2017.12.003. ISSN 1879-0070. PMID ... van de Beek, Diederik; de Gans, Jan; Tunkel, Allan R.; Wijdicks, Eelco F.M. (5 January 2006). "Community-Acquired Bacterial ... Type strain of Streptococcus pneumoniae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase ...
Positron emission tomography
Bracco Diagnostics, CardioGen-82, 2000 *^ Michael E. Phelps (2006). PET: physics, instrumentation, and scanners. Springer. pp. ... Three different PET contrast agents have been developed to image bacterial infections in vivo: [18F]maltose, [18F] ... Besides its established role as a diagnostic technique, PET has an expanding role as a method to assess the response to therapy ... PET has been widely used to image bacterial infections clinically by using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) to identify the infection- ...
Diagnostic tests. The diagnostic tests currently available require specialised equipment and highly trained personnel. Since ... balance as well as treating any bacterial infections that may develop. Dialysis may be needed for kidney failure, and ... In field or mobile hospitals, the most common and sensitive diagnostic methods are real-time PCR and ELISA. In 2014, with ... In laboratories where diagnostic testing is carried out, biosafety level 4-equivalent containment is required. Laboratory ...
The anaerobic bacterial species Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) contributes to the development of acne, ... Several scales exist to grade the severity of acne vulgaris, but disagreement persists about the ideal one for diagnostic use.[ ... These reinforced the idea amongst dermatologists that bacterial growth on the skin plays an important role in causing acne.[179 ... such as bacterial resistance. Oral and topical probiotics are under evaluation as treatments for acne. Probiotics may ...
Genetically modified tomato
... has been introduced into tomato plants and in vivo studies show significant resistance to bacterial wilt and bacterial spot.[27 ... In 2000, the concentration of pro-vitamin A was increased by adding a bacterial gene encoding phytoene desaturase, although the ... "Control of Ethylene Synthesis by Expression of a Bacterial Enzyme in Transgenic Tomato Plants". The Plant Cell. 3 (11): 1187- ... "Expression of a synthesized gene encoding cationic peptide cecropin B in transgenic tomato plants protects against bacterial ...
Fluorescence in situ hybridization
Bacterial FISH probes are often primers for the 16s rRNA region. FISH is widely used in the field of microbial ecology, to ... it may lead to more portable diagnostic techniques. ... and companion diagnostics. Fiber FISH. In an alternative ... Biofilms, for example, are composed of complex (often) multi-species bacterial organizations. Preparing DNA probes for one ... General process of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) used for bacterial pathogen identification. First, an infected ...
Mcintosh, M (19 October 2004). "Curdlan and other bacterial (1→3)-β-D-glucans". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 68 (2 ... "A systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy of serum 1,3-β-D-glucan for invasive fungal infection: Focus on ... "Beta-D-glucan as a diagnostic adjunct for invasive fungal infections: validation, cutoff development, and performance in ...
Healthcare in Cuba
Gender Identity Disorders: Diagnostic and Surgical Aspects by Michael Sohn, and Hartmut Bosinski, MD (Journal of Sexual ... The "No-Touch" technique is unique in that it aims at preventing bacterial contamination of the prosthesis by completely ... Bacterial contamination of the device occurs during the surgery, and is caused by allowing direct or indirect contact of the ...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Diagnostic method. Lung function tests. Differential diagnosis. Asthma, Asbestosis, Bronchiectasis, Tracheobronchomalacia ... COPD develops as a significant and chronic inflammatory response to inhaled irritants. Chronic bacterial infections may also ... Brant WE, Helms CA (2007). Fundamentals of Diagnostic Radiology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 513. ISBN 9780781761352. .. ... Mass spectrometry is being studied as a diagnostic tool in COPD. ...
Acute inhalation injury
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) occurs more often in lesbians, but it is unclear if BV is transmitted by sexual contact; it occurs in ... discussion about their causes shifted after homosexuality was removed from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual in 1973. ... In 1952 homosexuality was listed as a pathological emotional disturbance in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic ...
肺炎支原體 - 维基百科，自由的百科全
Urinary tract infection
Diagnostic method. Based on symptoms, urine culture. Differential diagnosis. Vulvovaginitis, urethritis, pelvic ... Urine culture is deemed positive if it shows a bacterial colony count of greater than or equal to 103 colony-forming units per ... Urinary tract infections are the most frequent bacterial infection in women. They occur most frequently between the ages of ... Chronic prostatitis in the forms of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and chronic bacterial prostatitis (not ...
Colour is the most obvious property of a mineral, but it is often non-diagnostic. It is caused by electromagnetic radiation ... "Bacterial biomineralization: new insights from Myxococcus-induced mineral precipitation". Geological Society, London, Special ... Colour is typically not a diagnostic property of minerals. Shown are green uvarovite (left) and red-pink grossular (right), ... Related to crystal form, the quality of crystal faces is diagnostic of some minerals, especially with a petrographic microscope ...
"Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology. 8 (2): 370-5. doi:10.1128/CDLI.8.2.370-375.2001. PMC 96065 . PMID 11238224.. ... "The antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin protects the urinary tract against invasive bacterial infection". Nature Medicine. 12 (6 ... Cathelicidins serve a critical role in mammalian innate immune defense against invasive bacterial infection. The ...
Human digestive system
... es are caused by bacterial infection, parasites, or foreign substances. Bacterial infection is the most common cause. ... "Diagnostic and treatment options for skin and soft tissue abscesses in injecting drug users with consideration of the natural ... They are usually caused by a bacterial infection. Often many different types of bacteria are involved in a single infection. ... symptoms indicating bacterial illness throughout the body, or a health condition causing immunosuppression. People who are ...
"Rapid Diagnostic Testing for Influenza: Information for Clinical Laboratory Directors". Centers for Disease Control and ... Bleeding from the ears and petechial hemorrhages in the skin also occurred." The majority of deaths were from bacterial ... The specific combination of fever and cough has been found to be the best predictor; diagnostic accuracy increases with a body ... Occasionally, influenza can cause severe illness including primary viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia. ...
Diagnostic method. Based on a medical history, elimination diet, skin prick test, oral food challenge. ... Additional diagnostic tools for evaluation of eosinophilic or non-IgE mediated reactions include endoscopy, colonoscopy, and ... "Ages of celiac disease: from changing environment to improved diagnostics". World J Gastroenterol (Review). 17 (32): 3665-71. ...
On beef meat pieces, PEA reduced the bacterial cell count by 90% after incubation of the PEA treated and E. coli contaminated ... An ADHD biomarker review also indicated that urinary phenethylamine levels could be a diagnostic biomarker for ADHD. ... Lynnes T, Horne SM, Prüß BM (2014). "ß-Phenylethylamine as a novel nutrient treatment to reduce bacterial contamination due to ... This novel discovery will improve the confidence of the diagnostic efforts, possibly leading to reduced misdiagnosis and ...
Similar systems exist in other bacterial genera.. Medicine. Epigenetics has many and varied potential medical ... "Potential Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers of Epigenetic Drift within the Cardiovascular Compartment". BioMed Research ... sRNATarBase 2.0 A comprehensive database of bacterial SRNA targets verified by experiments ... "Epigenetic gene regulation in the bacterial world". Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 70 (3): 830-56. PMC 1594586 . PMID 16959970 ...
Bacterial Enteric Infections Detected by Culture-Independent Diagnostic Tests - FoodNet, United States, 2012-2014
... Martha ... Culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) are increasingly used by clinical laboratories to diagnose bacterial enteric ... Culturing of organisms has been the mainstay of clinical diagnostic testing for bacterial enteric pathogens. Currently, ... Impacts of culture-independent diagnostic practices on public health surveillance for bacterial enteric pathogens. Clin Infect ...
Aptamers: Novel Molecules as Diagnostic Markers in Bacterial and Viral Infections?
Therefore, there is an urgent need to discover novel diagnostic as well as therapeutic tools against infectious agents. In view ... In this minireview we will discuss the current status of the SELEX technique applied on bacterial and viral pathogens. ... which are already exploited in diagnostic and therapeutic applications. ... Aptamers: Novel Molecules as Diagnostic Markers in Bacterial and Viral Infections?. Flávia M. Zimbres. ,1 Attila Tárnok. ,2 ...
Viral, bacterial diagnostics bolster antimicrobial stewardship
Numerous viral and bacterial respiratory illnesses have overlapping symptoms. In many cases, it can be difficult for ... more than 100 diagnostic technologies for viral and bacterial infections are in development, but it is difficult to pinpoint ... All Subspecialties ADD/ADHD Adolescent Medicine Allergy/Asthma Autism Spectrum Disorders Bacterial Infections Dermatology ... Numerous viral and bacterial respiratory illnesses have overlapping symptoms. In many cases, it can be difficult for ...
OSOM BVBLUE Bacterial Vaginosis Test by Sekisui Diagnostics | Medline Industries, Inc.
Alteration of Bacterial Antibiotic Sensitivity After Short-Term Exposure to Diagnostic Ultrasound
This study clearly shows that short-term exposure of microorganisms to diagnostic ultrasonic waves can significantly alter ... Alteration of Bacterial Antibiotic Sensitivity After Short-Term Exposure to Diagnostic Ultrasound Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2015 ... The bacterial strains were obtained from the Persian Type Culture Collection, IROST, Iran (Klebsiella pneumonia PTCC 1290) and ... Conclusions: This study clearly shows that short-term exposure of microorganisms to diagnostic ultrasonic waves can ...
Global Bacterial Disease Diagnostics Market 2019-2023
Global Bacterial disease diagnostics Market: Overview. Integration of digital health in rapid diagnostics for bacterial ... Global Bacterial Disease Diagnostics Market: About this market. Bacterial disease diagnostics help in the diagnosis of ... the integration of digital health in rapid diagnostics will lead to the growth of the global bacterial disease diagnostics ... Also, our global bacterial disease diagnostics market report looks at factors such as the integration of digital health in ...
Systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of C-reactive protein to detect bacterial infection in nonhospitalized infants and...
Review: C-reactive protein has moderate diagnostic accuracy for serious bacterial infection in children with fever. [Evid Based ... We included studies comparing the diagnostic accuracy of CRP with microbiologic confirmation of (a) serious bacterial and (b) ... Systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of C-reactive protein to detect bacterial infection in nonhospitalized infants and ... To determine the accuracy of C-reactive protein (CRP) for diagnosing serious bacterial and bacterial infections in infants and ...
Bacterial Isolate Send Out | Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory - University of Minnesota
Diagnostic Utility of Broad Range Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene PCR with Degradation of Human and Free Bacterial DNA in Bloodstream...
Diagnostic Utility of Broad Range Bacterial 16S rRNA Gene PCR with Degradation of Human and Free Bacterial DNA in Bloodstream ... a biomarker of bacterial infection, can be used to exclude patients with a low probability of systemic bacterial infection. ... A diagnostic algorithm using CD64 index as a decision maker to perform SepsiTest shows improved detection of pathogens in ... Infection Is More Sensitive Than an In-House Developed PCR without Degradation of Human and Free Bacterial DNA. Petra Rogina,1 ...
Diagnostics | Free Full-Text | The Basics and the Advancements in Diagnosis of Bacterial Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
C-reactive protein and procalcitonin are point-of-care tests that may differentiate bacterial versus viral etiologies of LRTIs ... Major advancements are currently advancing the ability to make rapid diagnoses and identification of the bacterial etiology of ... Antibiotics treat LRTIs with a bacterial etiology. With the potential for antibiotic-resistant bacteria, defining the etiology ... remains the most common identified cause of community-acquired acute bacterial pneumonia. ...
Filming Bacterial Life in Multicolor is a New Diagnostic and Antibiotic Discovery Tool | Infection Control Today
VanNieuwenhze and biologist Yves Brun has discovered a revolutionary new method for coloring the cell wall of bacterial cells ... Filming Bacterial Life in Multicolor is a New Diagnostic and Antibiotic Discovery Tool. Oct 11, 2012 ... As a result, the final picture of the multicolored bacterial cell tells us what part of the cell grew and by how much at the ... "Now, with the development of this one-step method to identify the zones of growth in bacterial cells, we have a dramatically ...
Bacterial Disease Diagnostics Market is Expected to Experience Immense Growth During 2015 - 2021
The report provides detailed segmentation of the bacterial disease diagnostics market based on type, technique, and region. ... Bacterial Disease Diagnostics Market Is Expected to Experience Immense Growth During 2015 - 2021. Bacterial Disease Diagnostics ... Quest Diagnostics, Roche Diagnostics, and Wafergen Biosystems among others.. Global Bacterial Disease Diagnostics Market: Type ... Global Bacterial Disease Diagnostics Market: Region Segment Analysis. North America. U.S.. Europe. UK. France. Germany. Asia ...
Diagnostic value of procalcitonin for differentiation between bacterial infection and non-infectious inflammation in febrile...
Diagnostic value of procalcitonin for differentiation between bacterial infection and non-infectious inflammation in febrile ... Diagnostic value of procalcitonin for differentiation between bacterial infection and non-infectious inflammation in febrile ... Over 99% of AOSD patients displayed fever during their disease course.1 The diagnosis of bacterial infection in febrile AOSD ... 2 3 Procalcitonin has proved to be a diagnostic marker of infection in critically ill patients compared with other inflammatory ...
BOOSTING DIAGNOSTICS FOR PLANT PRODUCTION INDUSTRIES: USING XANTHOMONAS AS A MODEL ORGANISM FOR INCREASING BACTERIAL DIAGNOSTIC...
USING XANTHOMONAS AS A MODEL ORGANISM FOR INCREASING BACTERIAL DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY. at Western Sydney University, listed on ... BOOSTING DIAGNOSTICS FOR PLANT PRODUCTION INDUSTRIES: USING XANTHOMONAS AS A MODEL ORGANISM FOR INCREASING BACTERIAL DIAGNOSTIC ... BOOSTING DIAGNOSTICS FOR PLANT PRODUCTION INDUSTRIES: USING XANTHOMONAS AS A MODEL ORGANISM FOR INCREASING BACTERIAL DIAGNOSTIC ... Identifying sources of bacterial infection is essential to the maintenance of a safe food supply and the protection of ...
Clinical Study Demonstrates that RPS Diagnostics FebriDx Rapid Point-of-Care Blood Test Can Accurately Distinguish Between...
Diagnostics,FebriDx,Rapid,Point-of-Care,Blood,Test,Can,Accurately,Distinguish,Between,Acute,Bacterial,and,Viral,Respiratory, ... SARASOTA FL (PRWEB) October 12 2017 RPS Diagnostics Inc. (RPS®) today announces publication of a United States multicenter ... RPS Diagnostics is a trade name of Rapid Pathogen Screening, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of RPS Diagnostics, Inc. The ... RPS Diagnostics. RPS Diagnostics (RPS) is an emerging developer, manufacturer, and marketer of cost-effective point-of-care ( ...
Bacterial Overgrowth of the Small Intestine Test by Genova Diagnostics
Buy Bacterial Overgrowth of the Small Intestine Test Online. ... non-invasive test that detects bacterial overgrowth in the ... Bacterial Overgrowth of the Small Intestine Test by Genova Diagnostics is a simple, ... Bacterial Overgrowth of the Small Intestine Test by Genova Diagnostics is a simple, non-invasive test that detects bacterial ... Home / Shop / Lab Tests / Gastrointestinal Tests / Bacterial Overgrowth of the Small Intestine Test by Genova Diagnostics. ...
Advances in diagnostic tests for bacterial STDs
Amplidiag® Bacterial GE - qPCR detection and diagnostics | Mobidiag
... for detection of bacterial gastroenteritis pathogens directly from stool sample. ... Bacterial GE is a multiplex real-time PCR in vitro diagnostic test (IVD) ... Reliable and robust qualitative multiplex real-time PCR in vitro diagnostic screening test for bacterial pathogens from stool ... The NEW Amplidiag Bacterial GE now allows discrimination between Stx1 and Stx2 variants. ...
Filming bacterial life in multicolor as a new diagnostic and antibiotic discovery tool: IU News Room: Indiana...
VanNieuwenhze and biologist Yves Brun has discovered a revolutionary new method for coloring the cell wall of bacterial cells ... Filming bacterial life in multicolor as a new diagnostic and antibiotic discovery tool. * Email ... As a result, the final picture of the multicolored bacterial cell tells us what part of the cell grew and by how much at the ... "Now, with the development of this one-step method to identify the zones of growth in bacterial cells, we have a dramatically ...
Approval Granted for BVPro Point-of-Care Diagnostic for Patients with Bacterial Vaginosis
... Product News Sep 18, 2017 ... Mologic Commences Clinical Trial of Urine-Based Diagnostic for Cystic Fibrosis Product News Study will evaluate urinary ... The CE marked diagnostic has been designed in the familiar lateral flow format (typical of pregnancy tests) so that the visual ... Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterised by vaginal discharge and results from an ...
Human Neutrophil Lipocalin as a Superior Diagnostic Means To Distinguish between Acute Bacterial and Viral Infections |...
Human Neutrophil Lipocalin as a Superior Diagnostic Means To Distinguish between Acute Bacterial and Viral Infections. Per ... Human neutrophil lipocalin in fMLP-activated whole blood as a diagnostic means to distinguish between acute bacterial and viral ... Our previous finding that plasma measurements of HNL were less diagnostic in the distinction between bacterial and viral ... Diagnostic distinction between viral infections and various diagnoses of bacterial and mycoplasma infections ...
Department of Health | The effects of culture independent diagnostic testing on the diagnosis and reporting of enteric...
Bacterial Enteric Infections Detected by Culture-Independent Diagnostic Tests - FoodNet, United States, 2012-2014. MMWR Morb ... The effects of culture independent diagnostic testing on the diagnosis and reporting of enteric bacterial pathogens in ... Impacts of culture-independent diagnostic practices on public health surveillance for bacterial enteric pathogens. Clin Infect ... Culture independent diagnostic testing (CIDT) includes any laboratory test that does not require the agent to be cultured prior ...
Accelerate Diagnostics achieves CE-IVD milestone for severe bacterial pneumonia assay, doubles revenue for 2017 in Q4 | Markets...
10, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Accelerate Diagnostics, Inc. announced today its declaration of conformity to the European In V... ... News for Accelerate Diagnostics Accelerate Diagnostics / Accelerate Diagnostics achieves CE-IVD milestone for severe bacterial ... About Accelerate Diagnostics, Inc.. Accelerate Diagnostics, Inc. (Nasdaq:AXDX), is an in vitro diagnostics company dedicated to ... Accelerate Diagnostics achieves CE-IVD milestone for severe bacterial pneumonia assay, doubles revenue for 2017 in Q4. ...
Diagnostic Test Accuracy of a 2-Transcript Host RNA Signature for Discriminating Bacterial vs Viral Infection in Febrile...
... while bacterial infection is missed in others.To identify a blood RNA expression signature that distinguishes bacterial from ... all 23 patients with microbiologically confirmed definite bacterial infection were classified as bacterial (sensitivity, 100% [ ... Performance of the RNA signature was evaluated in the definite bacterial and viral group and in the indeterminate infection ... Analysis of RNA expression data identified a 38-transcript signature distinguishing bacterial from viral infection. A smaller ( ...
Diagnostic accuracy of presepsin (sCD14-ST) for prediction of bacterial infection in cerebrospinal fluid samples from children...
The aim of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy of presepsin (sCD14-ST), a novel biomarker of bacterial infection in ... Diagnostic accuracies of presepsin were superior to those of leukocytes or proteins in CSF. Presepsin-guided 16S rRNA gene PCR ... Diagnostic accuracies presented as area under the curve (AUC) for sCD14-ST, leukocytes, and proteins measured in CSF were 0.877 ... CSF was also taken to prove bacterial infection with culture methods or with 16S rRNA gene broad-range PCR (SepsiTest; Molzym, ...
Acute focal bacterial nephritis is associated with invasive diagnostic procedures - a cohort of 138 cases extracted through a...
Invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures should be limited as the majority of cases respond well to conservative ... Differential diagnoses of this interstitial bacterial infection include renal abscess and tumor. Correct diagnosis is ... Acute focal bacterial nephritis (AFBN) is a rare disease currently described only in case reports and small case series. In ... From: Acute focal bacterial nephritis is associated with invasive diagnostic procedures - a cohort of 138 cases extracted ...
Welcome to CDC stacks | Bacterial Enteric Infections Detected by Culture-Independent Diagnostic Tests - FoodNet, United States,...
Bacterial Enteric Infections Detected by Culture-Independent Diagnostic Tests - FoodNet, United States, 2012-2014 ... National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (U.S.). Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases ... The increased availability and rapid adoption of culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) is moving clinical detection of ... Effect of Culture-Independent Diagnostic Tests on Future Emerging Infections Program Surveillance ...
Value of Different Diagnostic Markers in Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in HCV Egyptian Cirrhotic Patients - Semantic Scholar
Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic value of serum LBP and AF C3 in HCV-cirrhotics with SBP in relation to other well- ... Polymorphonuclear leucocytic (PMNLs) count in Ascitic fluid (AF) is the mainstay for the diagnosis, whereas the diagnostic role ... different laboratory diagnostics play a pivotal role for rapid and effective management of SBP patients. ... Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a life-threatening infection occurring in 8% 30% of ascitic cirrhotic patients; ...
New Rapid, Cost-Effective Diagnostic Test for Viral & Bacterial Infections in Development
... cost-effective diagnostic test for the detection of bacterial and viral infections. ... New Rapid, Cost-Effective Diagnostic Test for Viral & Bacterial Infections in Development. ... "The gold-standard diagnostic test, blood culture, can take as long as three days or more to reach a diagnosis," explained the ... "Detection methods based on molecular diagnostics such as ours can make a diagnosis in times on the order of an hour or less. ...
Bacterial Pneumonia PCR Test | Multiplex PCR Test | Fast Track Diagnostics
DevelopmentInfectionsBacteriaSmall intestinalDiseasesGenomePathogens associated2020PrevalenceSymptomsAntibioticProteinsLaboratorySpecimen collectionDetection of bacterialStrainsCulturesMicrobialVitroCankerIsolatesOvergrowthErwiniaInfectiousTestsDetectAntimicrobialRespiratoryBlightRapidBacteriumLABORATORIESSwabSerologyMarkersIdentificationSpecimensGramYeastProceduresQPCRPestsTreatmentEvaluateSurveillance
- Recent development of DNA based PCR diagnostics have provided faster diagnostic results as opposed to overnight biochemical tests. (wikipedia.org)
- Escherichia coli extract and cranberry have a potentially preventive effect on the development of chronic bacterial prostatitis, while combining antibiotics with saw palmetto, lactobacillus sporogens and arbutin may lead to better treatment outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
- Bacterial and fungal infections persistently plague society and have amounted to one of the most prevalent issues in healthcare today. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- Antibiotics are important life-saving drugs used for the treatment of bacterial infections, but these drugs are now threatening to become ineffective because bacteria are developing resistance against them. (euractiv.com)
- Without action now, we will see a situation in the future where common bacterial infections can no longer be treated and where routine, minimally invasive diagnostic procedures may become threatened by resistant bacterial infections. (euractiv.com)
- In the European Union, Norway and Iceland, more than 25 000 people die each year from common resistant bacterial infections. (euractiv.com)
- Without effective antibiotics for care and prevention, success rates for treatments such as organ transplantation, cancer chemotherapy and major surgery (not to mention other, usually easy to treat bacterial infections) would be far lower. (euractiv.com)
- In clinical studies of over three thousand patients, the BacterioScan 216Dx was able to correctly identify patients with bacterial infections at a rate of 98.6% (sensitivity) and correctly identify patients without infection at a rate of 99.6% (negative predictive value). (jspargo.com)
- In collaboration with the Bacteriology Laboratory, we are working on implementing new methodologies that will lead to more comprehensive and rapid diagnostics of tuberculosis infections as well as their associated antimicrobial resistance. (wadsworth.org)
- I am a veterinary clinical microbiologist and my work focuses on the development and optimization of diagnostic tests for bacterial and viral infections. (vt.edu)
- Accelerate Diagnostics, Inc. is an in-vitro diagnostics company providing solutions to improve patient outcomes and lower healthcare costs through the rapid diagnosis of serious infections. (annualreports.com)
- In particular, there is a need to improve early diagnosis of bacterial infections and to provide guidance for antibiotic therapy. (labonline.com.au)
- In 2015, Arch Angel investors backed the new molecular diagnostics firm Nanopore Diagnostics, LLC, which focuses on developing a rapid, point-of-care testing device for diagnosing bacterial infections. (ibjonline.com)
- It can be caused by any of the above factors, and may present with other common diseases including inflammatory bowel disease, metabolic disorders, and viral or bacterial infections . (oaklandparkanimalhospital.com)
- Engineered bacterial spores can provide many useful functions such as the treatment of infections, use as an adjuvant for the delivery of vaccines, and the enzymatic degradation of environmental pollutants. (cancer.gov)
- Secondary bacterial infections often contaminate cultures because the lesions are open and exposed to the environment. (osu.edu)
- Bloody diarrhea can be a sign you have salmonella or other bacterial foodborne infections. (johnstonhealth.org)
- In the hospital, health care providers will take a stool sample and perform diagnostic tests, such as a gastrointestinal pathogen panel that can detect norovirus, bacterial infections and other parasitic infections. (johnstonhealth.org)
- Methods: Neonates who were suspected of early onset sepsis (EOS) based on the presence of risk factors, and/or clinical features that were consistent with bacterial infections, with the positivity of two or more sepsis screen parameters during the first 72 hours of life were studied prospectively. (elsevier.com)
- The BioFire ME Panel identifies the most common viral, bacterial, and yeast pathogens that cause infections in the central nervous system, which in some cases can be life-threatening. (keyword-suggest-tool.com)
- The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is seeking commercial partners interested in developing a method of using isotope changes in breath to distinguish bacterial infections from viral infections in humans and other animals. (warf.org)
- The researchers now have developed a method of using isotope changes in breath to distinguish bacterial infections from viral infections in humans and other animals. (warf.org)
- Bacterial vaginosis is caused by a change in the balance of bacteria in the vagina. (parkviewmc.com)
- But when you have bacterial vaginosis, there are not enough good bacteria and too many bad bacteria. (parkviewmc.com)
- A wet mount does not show clue cells or large numbers of bacteria that cause bacterial vaginosis. (parkviewmc.com)
- It's called bacterial blight, caused by a bacteria. (farmprogress.com)
- Because of the misuse, and especially the overuse, of antibiotics, "selective pressure" is put on bacterial populations: antibiotic-sensitive bacteria may be replaced by resistant bacteria when antibiotics are used. (euractiv.com)
- You might be dealing with Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria, which can cause a reaction as soon as 30 minutes after you eat the contaminated food because of a bacterial toxin. (johnstonhealth.org)
- Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease. (bireme.br)
- To determine the feasibility of using fecal markers of inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) to form a risk group for the detection of excess small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). (vpbm.com.ua)
- Rao SSC, Bhagatwala J. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth: clinical features and therapeutic management. (vpbm.com.ua)
- Testing and treating small intestinal bacterial overgrowth reduces symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. (vpbm.com.ua)
- The prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in nonsurgical patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI). (vpbm.com.ua)
- Factors that affect prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in chronic pancreatitis: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression. (vpbm.com.ua)
- Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (vpbm.com.ua)
- Liu Chen Kiow J, Vincent C, Sidani S, Bouin M. High occurrence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in primary biliary cholangitis. (vpbm.com.ua)
- The definition of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) lacks general consensus. (symproveforprofessionals.com)
- 1 Quigley EMM, Murray JA, Pimentel M. AGA Clinical Practice Update on Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth: Expert Review. (symproveforprofessionals.com)
- Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth syndrome. (symproveforprofessionals.com)
- The global native bacterial and viral antigens market growth is mainly attributed to factors such as increasing use of native microbial antigens in diagnostics and therapeutics and rising prevalence of infectious diseases. (prnewswire.com)
- APHIS continues to strengthen overseas safeguards, improve diagnostics, increase treatment options, and continually assess pathways to better protect American agriculture from this and other high-consequence plant pests and diseases. (invasivespeciesinfo.gov)
- Since the spots start from the edge and the ones in the middle of the leaf stop when they reach a vein, it could be one of the bacterial diseases like anthrachnose. (helpfulgardener.com)
- In wetter climates that adaptation can lead to more bacterial, and fungal diseases. (helpfulgardener.com)
- The scientists hope that the peptides will be able to serve as diagnostic markers of tumour tissues and of other degenerative diseases. (cscs.ch)
- Wilting symptoms can be mistaken for wilt diseases and samples should be sent to a diagnostic lab to determine the cause. (usu.edu)
- Increasing investments by key industry players towards R&D activities concerned with the betterment of existing diagnostic tools, that will ensure a quicker and more accurate diagnosis of diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, etc., is slated to improve the adoption levels of these products. (marketresearch.biz)
- Menlo Park, CA /PRNewswire/ - Talis is developing a high-performance diagnostic platform to enable physician offices and clinics to run reference lab quality diagnostic tests for infectious diseases at the point-of-care. (laboratorynetwork.com)
- The award of up to $5.6M award (over the next 5 years) from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health will fund development of a rapid, sensitive, and specific diagnostic system for the culture-independent identification and determination of antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial pathogens from whole blood. (laboratorynetwork.com)
- Includedin the contents are useful sections on history taking, the physical examination, identifying and monitoring symptoms, performing and interpreting diagnostic tests and the treatment of canine and feline skin diseases. (libreriauniverso.it)
- Small Animal Dermatology: A Practical Guide to Performing and Interpreting Diagnostic Tests is an invaluable purchase for veterinary students who are beginning to learn about skin diseases, as well as for practitioners who wish to improve their diagnostic accuracy when dealing with these common presentations. (libreriauniverso.it)
- Exploiting Bacterial Whole-Genome Sequencing Data for Evaluation of Diagnostic Assays: Campylobacter Species Identification as a Case Study. (ox.ac.uk)
- In England, the Netherlands and at the Wadsworth Center for Public Health in New York, the results have already led to a decrease in the use of bacterial cultures for resistance testing and a start to treatment that is solely based on genome sequencing results. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- In Germany, planning for a pilot study to evaluate the nationwide suitability of genome sequencing for diagnostics and surveillance is also currently underway at the Robert Koch Institute and the FZB. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- In this course, you will learn how to identify bacterial isolates using genome sequence. (ezbiocloud.net)
- A call for research proposals (deadline 31 March 2020) was announced by the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) on 3 March 2020 that aims to support projects that develop treatments and diagnostics to better tackle the COVID-19 outbreak and to increase preparedness for future possible outbreaks. (europa.eu)
- In terms of product, the bacterial specimen collection segment accounted for the maximum number of revenue shares of the global bacterial & viral specimen collection market in 2020, and is indicative of indexing a high CAGR in the years to come. (marketresearch.biz)
- With respect to application, the diagnostic applications segment accounted for the maximum number of revenue shares in 2020, and is slated to index considerable revenue growth over the next 10 years. (marketresearch.biz)
- Results of 2020 client surveys, n=152 *Data from "Schutter Diagnostic Lab Surveys" compiled by MSU HELPS Lab, 2020. (montana.edu)
- Number of diagnoses by the Schutter Diagnostic Lab in 2020. (montana.edu)
- Prevalence of small intestine bacterial overgrowth diagnosed by quantitative culture of intestinal aspirate in celiac disease. (symproveforprofessionals.com)
- Moreover, the prevalence of multiple bacterial taxa that are associated with microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity and preterm birth, including Mycoplasma , Gardnerella , Prevotella and Sneathia , differed between the two ethnic groups. (tjskoc.com)
- Plants coming into the Morgan county fair for judging last week typically contained at least one or more lower leaves that displayed the symptoms of either bacterial blight, brown spot, or both. (farmprogress.com)
- If bacterial endotoxins enter patients' bloodstream in sufficient concentrations, this can cause harmful symptoms such as fever and septic shock and can be fatal in the most severe cases. (lonza.com)
- Thus, significant research effort is directed towards developing rapid diagnostic techniques for determination of the correct antibiotic (or antifungal) for a patient-tailored therapy. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- This has opened the door to the observation of unique bacterial behaviors, as we can evaluate bacterial adhesion, growth, and antibiotic resistance on different micro-architectures, different surface chemistries, and even different strains. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- The ID/AST System utilizes genotypic technology to identify (ID) infectious pathogens and phenotypic technology to conduct antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST), which determines whether live bacterial or fungal cells are resistant or susceptible to a particular antibiotic. (annualreports.com)
- Point-of-care diagnostic platforms that can measure the drug susceptibility of a pathogen directly from clinical samples, eliminating lengthy procedures that require microbial growth can help in the fight against antibiotic resistant organisms. (laboratorynetwork.com)
- Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. (parkviewmc.com)
- CLIAwaived, Inc. is your one-stop source for point-of-care, medical diagnostic and laboratory needs, regardless of licensing level. (cliawaived.com)
- Laboratory Medicine and Molecular Diagnostics (LMMD), is the molecular diagnostics arm of Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology(RGCB) which was initiated with the aim of providing molecular diagnostics to the society. (rgcb.res.in)
- Bacterial & viral specimen collection refers to the process of obtaining necessary samples for successful laboratory analysis and testing purposes. (marketresearch.biz)
- The Schutter Diagnostic Laboratory (SDL) at Montana State University (MSU) is provided as a service to the citizens of Montana for plant pest identification and integrated pest management education. (montana.edu)
- Montana State University (MSU) and MSU Extension provide plant pest identification through the Schutter Diagnostic Laboratory (SDL). (montana.edu)
- Puritan is the leading US manufacturer of tipped applicators and transport devices for clinical and diagnostic specimen collection. (jspargo.com)
- Global Bacterial & Viral Specimen Collection Market Opportunities, Trends, and Growth to 2029. (marketresearch.biz)
- Global Bacterial & Viral Specimen Collection Market" is the title of an upcoming report offered by MarketResearch.Biz. (marketresearch.biz)
- The global bacterial & viral specimen collection market has been segmented on the basis of product, application, end-use, as well as regions and countries. (marketresearch.biz)
- Owing to the increase in the demand for diagnostic testing as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, numerous manufacturers have exponentially increased their respective production levels of viral specimen collection products. (marketresearch.biz)
- This is a factor that is expected to have a profound impact on the revenue growth of the global bacterial & viral specimen collection market in the foreseeable future. (marketresearch.biz)
- Furthermore, the increasing traction that rapid diagnostic tests have steadily garnered owing to them offering accurate and rapid results, thereby contributing to the lessening of hospitalization durations, is a factor that is also expected to impact the revenue growth of the global bacterial & viral specimen collection market in the years to come. (marketresearch.biz)
- On the basis of end-use, the hospitals & clinics segment accounted for the maximum number of revenue shares of the global bacterial & viral specimen collection market, and is expected to index considerable revenue growth in the coming years. (marketresearch.biz)
Detection of bacterial1
- We identified carbohydrate structures that correlated with binding by specific bacterial strains in vitro and noted strain-specific differences in the catabolism of glycans that mediate adhesion. (nih.gov)
- This approach should facilitate analyses of how strains occupying the same physical niche interact, and it should advance the development of synbiotics, more nutritious foods, and microbiota-based diagnostics. (nih.gov)
- Microbiome sampling techniques are improving, which could further our understanding of the composition of a healthy gut microbiome and therefore allow us to determine which bacterial strains exist in the presence of disease. (symproveforprofessionals.com)
- About BacterioScan: BacterioScan is an in-vitro diagnostics (IVD) company dedicated to changing the way infectious disease is diagnosed and treated by providing rapid, reliable, automated, and accessible microbiology that ensures the successful use of antibiotics. (jspargo.com)
- It is used as positive control in vitro diagnostics techniques based on nucleic acid amplification. (himedialabs.com)
- Objective: To evaluate the risk factors and the bacterial isolates of early onset of neonatal sepsis and to study their resistance patterns. (elsevier.com)
- Bacterial isolates from a single blood culture and their resistance patterns were analyzed by using the BacT alert system. (elsevier.com)
- Baby, Lincy P. / Early onset of neonatal sepsis : Analysis of the risk factors and the bacterial isolates by using the BacT alert system . (elsevier.com)
- Hardy Diagnostics carries a wide variety of rapid tests methods designed to save you time and money! (hardydiagnostics.com)
- The Amsel criteria take into account the physical findings alongside the result of the diagnostic tests. (verywellhealth.com)
- This means that one or more diagnostic tests are necessary to make the correct diagnosis of onychomycosis. (toenailfungustreatments.com)
- Other diagnostic tests for respiratory viruses are fast but not as accurate or are accurate but not as rapid. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- LMMD's diagnostic tests are also being used during public emergencies often at outbreak situations, to provide rapid information needed to triage patients and to confirm the presence of communicable disease. (rgcb.res.in)
- Other examples include failures to order to delays in ordering diagnostic tests, inadequate patient history, misinterpreting diagnostic exams, and over-reliance on negative findings in test results. (spanglaw.com)
- This class of medication may interfere with certain diagnostic tests. (vmcli.com)
- This allows us to establish communication with your regular veterinarian and may avoid duplication of certain diagnostic tests. (vmcli.com)
- https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/2295385/ However, hydrogen-breath tests (HBT) (which measure hydrogen and methane production by gut microbiota) are more frequently used as it is a non-invasive, cheaper diagnostic tool. (symproveforprofessionals.com)
- The book deals with all of the processes involved with correct performing and interpreting of diagnostic tests and identifying the required treatment. (libreriauniverso.it)
- No More Needles for Diagnostic Tests? (technologynetworks.com)
- Motility, charge, and biofilm abilities have been explored for their effect of bacterial adhesion to the microstructures as we further develop our method of rapid, label-free AST for full clinical application. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
- Talis is developing a new class of diagnostic systems to enable rapid, Point Of Care testing across a wide range of healthcare settings. (laboratorynetwork.com)
- BIO-RAD LABORATORIES INC., Microbix Biosystems, SERION Immunologics, Aalto Bio Reagents Ltd, Enzo Life Sciences Inc., Jena Bioscience GmbH, ROSS SOUTHERN LABORATORIES, The Native Antigen Company, Creative Diagnostics, and TRINA BIOREACTIVES AG is among the leading companies operating in the native bacterial and viral antigens market. (prnewswire.com)
- Authorization is assumed for routine program submissions made by regulatory field veterinarians, state or university diagnostic laboratories, or Food Safety and Inspection Service veterinarians, when such submissions are accompanied by the proper submission forms . (usda.gov)
- Elevated levels of fecal markers of intestinal inflammation were combined with bacterial contamination of the small intestine. (vpbm.com.ua)
- LMMD started off with 4 viral parameters, H1N1, HBV, HCV and Chikunguniya and now performs 46 viral, 3 bacterial, 14 cancer markers and cardiac disease parameters. (rgcb.res.in)
- Already on January 30, the EU launched proactively a project for clinical and public health responses, a timely action leaving researchers with weeks to prepare for a study finding treatment and improving diagnostics. (europa.eu)
- Based on the results of our diagnostic testing and the severity of your pet's condition, we'll initiate the right treatment as soon as possible. (oaklandparkanimalhospital.com)