Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.
Presence of milky lymph (CHYLE) in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, with or without infection.
A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.
An operation for the continuous emptying of ascitic fluid into the venous system. Fluid removal is based on intraperitoneal and intrathoracic superior vena cava pressure differentials and is performed via a pressure-sensitive one-way valve connected to a tube traversing the subcutaneous tissue of the chest wall to the neck where it enters the internal jugular vein and terminates in the superior vena cava. It is used in the treatment of intractable ascites.
Non-optimal interval of time between onset of symptoms, identification, and initiation of treatment.
The serous fluid of ASCITES, the accumulation of fluids in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A form of PERITONITIS seen in patients with TUBERCULOSIS, characterized by lesion either as a miliary form or as a pelvic mass on the peritoneal surfaces. Most patients have ASCITES, abdominal swelling, ABDOMINAL PAIN, and other systemic symptoms such as FEVER; WEIGHT LOSS; and ANEMIA.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Tumors or cancer of the PERITONEUM.
Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Conclusions derived from the nursing assessment that establish a health status profile for the patient and from which nursing interventions may be ordered.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Presence of fluid in the pleural cavity resulting from excessive transudation or exudation from the pleural surfaces. It is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
A collection of watery fluid in the pleural cavity. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Experimentally induced tumors of the LIVER.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
A condition characterized by a dry, waxy type of swelling (EDEMA) with abnormal deposits of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and other tissues. It is caused by a deficiency of THYROID HORMONES. The skin becomes puffy around the eyes and on the cheeks. The face is dull and expressionless with thickened nose and lips.
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.
INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.
Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Carbohydrate antigen most commonly seen in tumors of the ovary and occasionally seen in breast, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract tumors and normal tissue. CA 125 is clearly tumor-associated but not tumor-specific.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A characteristic symptom complex.

No data available that match "diagnosis of ascites"

Cirrhotic ascites review: Pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. World J Hepatol 2013; 5(5): 251-263 [PMID: 23717736 DOI: ...
Cirrhotic ascites review: Pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. World J Hepatol 2013; 5(5): 251-263 [PMID: 23717736 DOI: ...
design, develop and manufacture single use medical devices for Cardiothoracic, Ascites Drainage, Infertility, Colorectal, ... Ascites Drainage - Short & Long Term. Cardiothoracic Drainage. Colorectal Diagnosis & Therapy. Diagnostic Medicine. Infertility ...
Its a diagnosis that Emma herself used to describe to me as "frustrating beyond belief". We had way too quickly discovered too ... she finally relented and was diagnosed with malignant ascites in early February. Advanced Ovarian Cancer. My Mum was gone by ... Not even 8 weeks from diagnosis to death. I know for a fact she had fought this for a LOT longer than she/we had ever known. ... "And, honestly, not just because of her diagnosis or her Blog launch, but because Emma really did have an incredible, unique and ...
Ovarian carcinoma must be included in the differential diagnosis to explain the pseudomyxoma peritonei - at least it used to be ... There is also moderate ascites. The patient had multiples surgeries and has multiple other less significant findings on this ...
Ascites ,Etiology ,Leishmaniasis, Visceral ,Diagnosis Citation: A. K. M. Mamunur Rashid , Kala-azar [visceral leishmaniasis]in ... Presence of jaundice and ascites may mimic chronic liver disease which is suspected in 36% in this series. Awareness regarding ...
Katie, There is a 10 y/o boy in Jeremie who has had ascites for quite some time. They are taking fluid off regularly. Can you ... There is apparently no diagnosis made yet. Dr. James Wilkins, Now located in Gressier. ...
Actually, my oncologist now thinks the liver has been involved all along since my initial diagnosis included a large pleural ... now thinks the liver has been involved all along since my initial diagnosis included a large pleural effusion and ascites. The ... Fortunately, the ascites has not returned (knocking furiously on my noggin), but the pleural effusion has been a periodic and ...
Past histological diagnosis should always be reviewed. CA-125 can be elevated in both benign and malignant ovarian tumors, ... Methods: A 22 year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with ascites. She was diagnosed with a right ovarian mass and raised ... The co-existence of a second pathology, not diagnosed preoperatively, like PICs should be borne in mind in cases of ascites ... Struma ovarii can be accompanied by ascites and raised CA-125. We present a case of recurrent struma ovarii, associated with ...
ASCITES: ASCITIC FLUID PROFILES IN VARIOUS DISEASE STATES answers are found in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests powered by Unbound ... Medicine Central™ is a quick-consult mobile and web resource that includes diagnosis, treatment, medications, and follow-up ... "ASCITES: ASCITIC FLUID PROFILES in VARIOUS DISEASE STATES." Guide to Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2017. ... ASCITES: ASCITIC FLUID PROFILES IN VARIOUS DISEASE STATES is a topic covered in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests. To view the ...
Clinical Signs and Diagnosis. Signs include depression, anorexia, jaundice, collapse and death in a large proportion of mobs. ... Necropsy findings in acute cases include jaundice, swollen yellow to orange livers, ascites and oedema of the mesenteries and ... Differential diagnoses include pyrrolizidine alkaloid poisoning from plants such as heliotrope and Patersons Curse, or copper ...
The pup had originally been seen for some diarrhea and parvo was mentioned as a differential- but the diagnosis was eventually ... roundworms- along with congenital cardiac disease (had a 3/6 murmur and venous pulse). Condition is very poor- severe ascites- ...
Primary criteria for diagnosis. 2015 oct;13(4):461 42. 2018 jan 1;50(1):49 46. Table 2-3 results of resis- for vaccination of ... Pouch references patients volume < 4.6 often > 2.8 4.7 5.6 < 5.9 complicated by ascites. But may be manifested in the urine ... heparin ship viagra generic canada and diagnosis. ...
NUCLEUS DISCLAIMS ALL RESPONSIBILITY AND LIABILITY FOR ANY COUNSEL, ADVICE, TREATMENT, DIAGNOSIS OR ANY MEDICAL, LEGAL OR OTHER ... This stock medical illustration depicts the drainage of ascites from the abdomen. Ascites is an accumulation of serous fluid in ... A catheter in the paracolic gutter drains ascites. Two anterior mid-abdominal catheters drain ascites from the abdomen. Also, ... abdomen, abdominal, accumulation, anterior, ascites, bag, bags, bladder, bladders, blue, carmine, catheter, catheterization, ...
Prenatal ultrasound findings in Noonan syndrome usually are unspecific and rarely lead to a diagnosis. However, with the ... combination of cystic hygroma, pleural effusion, ascites and normal karyotype Noonan syndrome should be considered and DNA ...
... ascites and hydrocephalus. The diagnosis of CD was based on endoscopic signs without serology tests. Patients evolution was ... However, serosa involvement uncommonly reveals this enteropathy, making the diagnosis difficult. We here report the case of JA ...
Clinical Signs and Diagnosis. Growth or weight gain may be diminished, especially in young animals. Inappetence, weight loss, ... ascites), chest and heart sac (pericardium). ... Diagnosis is generally by clinical examination and necropsy of ... Differential diagnoses include parasitism, infectious diseases such as pneumonia and Johnes disease, chronic conditions ...
If this were a child and the abnormality in the neck I suspect many would have made the diagnosis of cystic hygroma due to ... In adults presentation may be due to a mass, abdominal pain, ascites or effusions. The mass is often huge at presentation. ... Traumatic biopsy of lymphangiomatosis may result in erroneous diagnosis of cystic angiomatosis due to the presence of blood. ...
... diagnosis & treatment from the MSD Manuals - Medical Consumer Version. ... A liver biopsy (removal of a sample of liver tissue with a needle for examination under a microscope) is done if the diagnosis ... a condition called ascites). ... Doctors base the diagnosis on results of blood tests and ... Thus, this finding cannot confirm the diagnosis. Ultrasonography is usually helpful, but computed tomography (CT) and magnetic ...
... and Effectiveness of Indwelling Percutaneous Drainage in Hospitalized Terminally Ill Cancer Patients with Recurrent Ascites. ... Laboratory Diagnosis of COVID-19 in Korea. Kyunghoon Lee. ... and Effectiveness of Indwelling Percutaneous Drainage in Hospitalized Terminally Ill Cancer Patients with Recurrent Ascites. ...
Key issues in the diagnosis and management of tuberculosis. Infection rates and severity may formation with gender-specific ... ascites is more granuloma in the Middle East than in Brazil. ... during infections the surveillance and therefore the diagnosis ...
Diagnosis and management of hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma including transplantation, non-transplantation, ... Refractory ascites. Hepatic hydrothorax. Hepato-renal syndrome. Hepatopulmonary and portal pulmonary syndromes ... Use of interventional radiology in diagnosis and management of portal hypertension, as well as biliary and vascular ... Cost-effective use of special instruments, tests and therapy in the diagnosis and management of liver disorders ...
swollen legs (oedema) or tummy (ascites) from a build-up of fluid ... You may have tests to confirm the diagnosis, such as:. *blood ...
The patient underwent a laparotomy, and a 1765-g mass was found rising from the pelvis (Figure 2). Ascites was noted, but there ... What Is the Diagnosis?. A. A primary ovarian neoplasm. B. A secondary ovarian neoplasm ...
Although, I did see her post about Ascites, and that did set alarm bells ringing in my head. It was still a shock though. ... So, we are almost one year since informal diagnosis (which turned out to be 100% accurate). We are on the second line treatment ...
This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. ... ascites after gallbladder removal. This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical ... Ascites can signal a more serious problem in your body. You can have them taken out with surgery. A combination of factors is ... Ascites is a buildup of fluid in your lower abdomen. If large amounts of fluid accumulate frequently or if other treatments are ...
... which features a fibroma or thecoma accompanied by ascites and hydrothorax, in which removal of the tumor results in cure. ... RELATED DIAGNOSES. • Ovary : Fibroma. Last updated: 2010-10-29. For questions, comments or feedback on this case: [email protected] ...
I had severe ascites from the cancer and needed multiple paracentesis procedures to drain the fluid out of my abdomen. At one ... This was the most devastating part of the cancer diagnosis. I nursed my son for 27 months, up until he weaned when I was 19 ...
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Diagnosis & treatment. The information provided is not a substitute for any medical advice. ALWAYS consult with your doctor for ... A low-sodium diet and medication to prevent fluid buildup in the body may help control ascites and swelling. More-severe fluid ... ascites), bleeding varices, hepatic encephalopathy, kidney dysfunction, or liver cancer. A liver transplant replaces your liver ...
  • The main outcome measure was the prediction of portal hypertension (PHT) or non-portal hypertension related causes of ascites from SAAG. (
  • Serum-ascites albumin concentration gradient, a parameter of oncotic pressure gradient reflecting presence or absence of portal hypertension, was compared with the usual parameters of ascitic fluid analysis in the differential diagnosis of ascites. (
  • Other causes of portal hypertension that may be associated with ascites include congestive heart failure, constrictive pericarditis, alcoholic liver disease, fulminant hepatitis, subacute hepatitis, massive liver metastasis, and Budd-Chiari syndrome. (
  • 1.1 g/dL) indicates the ascites is due to portal hypertension. (
  • Persons who have systemic lupus erythematosus but do not have liver disease or portal hypertension occasionally develop ascites. (
  • Portal Hypertension- Ascites is caused as a result of high pressure in portal vein. (
  • Ascites, another important complication of advanced cirrhosis and severe portal hypertension, is sometimes refractory to treatment and is complicated by spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatorenal syndrome. (
  • We describe the pathophysiology of portal hypertension and the current management of its complications, with emphasis on the prophylaxis and treatment of variceal bleeding and ascites. (
  • With 98% accuracy a SAAG value >1.1 g/dL is consistent with ascites secondary to portal hypertension. (
  • Five major factors are involved in the pathogenesis of cirrhotogenic ascites: portal hypertension, hypoalbuminemia, sodium retention, water retention, and increased lymph formation. (
  • Portal hypertension is universally present in patients with ascites secondary to cirrhosis of the liver. (
  • The most common cause of ascites is portal hypertension secondary to cirrhosis. (
  • The difference between serum albumin and ascites albumin (serum ascites-albumin gradient) in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension is usually more than 1.1 g/dL. (
  • As discussed earlier, the most common cause of ascites is cirrhosis and portal hypertension. (
  • Many disorders can cause ascites, but the most common is high blood pressure in the veins that bring blood to the liver ( portal hypertension ), which is usually due to cirrhosis . (
  • Although the exact mechanism of ascites development is not completely understood, most theories suggest portal hypertension (increased pressure in the liver blood flow to the liver) as the main contributor. (
  • A classic cause of transudative ascites would be portal hypertension secondary to cirrhosis and congestive heart failure. (
  • At a level of 1.1 g/dl, SAAG, accurately [96.7%] differentiate portal hypertension from nonportal I hypertension -associated ascites . (
  • The majority of patients with ascites [>80%] have portal hypertension associated etiology mainly, liver cirrhosis . (
  • Only cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension (HTN) develop ascites, and portal HTN can also lead to the development of ascites in patients with conditions other than cirrhosis. (
  • Quantitative modeling of the physiology of ascites in portal hypertension. (
  • Although the factors involved in cirrhotic ascites have been studied for a century, a number of observations are not understood, including the action of diuretics in the treatment of ascites and the ability of the plasma-ascitic albumin gradient to diagnose portal hypertension. (
  • The most recent theory of cirrhotic ascites formation is the peripheral arterial vasodilation hypothesis, which proposes that portal hypertension develops prior to the development of ascites (see Figure 1). (
  • Liver metastases that result in functional cirrhosis, which leads to a state called portal hypertension that causes ascites. (
  • Most experts recommend a diagnostic paracentesis be performed if the ascites is new or if the patient with ascites is being admitted to the hospital. (
  • Paracentesis- Paracentesis is a surgical procedure used for removal of ascites fluid. (
  • All patients with cirrhosis and ascites on admission should undergo diagnostic paracentesis. (
  • A diagnostic paracentesis of at least 30 mL should always be performed to elucidate the cause of ascites. (
  • Diagnosis of the cause is usually with blood tests , an ultrasound scan of the abdomen and direct removal of the fluid by needle or paracentesis (which may also be therapeutic). (
  • Deterioration in quality of life (QoL) in patients with malignant ascites: results from a phase II/III study comparing paracentesis plus catumaxomab with paracentesis alone. (
  • Clinical evaluation and diagnostic paracentesis with estimation of the serum -ascitic albumin gradient [SAAG] is the most important step in identifying the etiology of ascites . (
  • The remainder [10%] have refractory ascites which commonly respond well to large volume paracentesis [LVP]. (
  • The initial diagnostic approach to a patient with ascites requires the combination of a thorough history and physical examination followed by abdominal paracentesis with lab analysis of the fluid. (
  • The model's predictions accurately mimic clinical observations in ascites, including the magnitude and time course of changes observed following paracentesis or diuretic therapy. (
  • A multi-center, phase II study of catumaxomab in ovarian cancer patients with recurrent symptomatic malignant ascites requiring therapeutic paracentesis. (
  • The pretreatment interval is defined as the length of time between the patient's most recent paracentesis (baseline) and the subsequent paracentesis necessitated by her increasing ascites-related symptoms. (
  • The post-treatment interval is defined as the time between the last dose of catumaxomab plus 1 day to the time of recurrence of ascites requiring therapeutic paracentesis or death, whichever occurred sooner. (
  • The pre-treatment interval is defined as the length of time between the patient's most recent paracentesis (baseline) and the subsequent paracentesis necessitated by her increasing ascites-related symptoms. (
  • When ascites is new to a patient or the cause is unknown, a paracentesis is ordered to drain the fluid and collect a sample to look for signs of cancer using pathology tests . (
  • When fluid builds up inside the abdomen, it is known as ascites. (
  • The increased pressure can force fluid into the abdominal cavity, causing ascites. (
  • Symptoms of ascites can appear either slowly or suddenly, depending on the cause of the fluid buildup. (
  • Ascites is the term used to denote increased fluid in the peritoneal cavity, a situation that is not normal. (
  • There are a variety of diseases that can cause the fluid to accumulate and the reasons that the ascites occurs may be different for each disease. (
  • Most commonly, ascites is due to liver disease and the inability of that organ to produce enough protein to retain fluid in the bloodstream as well as an obstruction to flow through the scarred cirrhotic liver . (
  • In addition to ascites, the extra fluid can be appreciated in many other areas of the body as edema (swelling). (
  • Meigs syndrome is a benign tumor of the ovary called a fibroma that presents with ascites and pleural effusion (fluid in the cavities surrounding the lungs). (
  • Ascites is the pathologic accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity. (
  • The cytology and chemistry of the ascites fluid and the protidogram were performed. (
  • performed the cyto-chemical analysis of the ascites fluid. (
  • Furthermore, the time and availability of ascites are not constant at all-time [ 7 ], therefore, is essential to develop sensitive, accurate and rapid methods to diagnose ascitic fluid infection. (
  • Ascites is a pathologic collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. (
  • METHODS AND FINDINGS: We investigated for 24 patients prospectively enrolled with a possible diagnosis of peritoneal TB, the diagnostic value of the analysis of IFN-γ production by peritoneal fluid lymphocytes in response to a short in vitro stimulation with mycobacterial antigens. (
  • Ascites is the abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen . (
  • Depressed thyroid activity sometimes causes pronounced ascites, but inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) rarely causes significant accumulations of fluid. (
  • Ascites is the build-up of fluid in the abdomen. (
  • Ascites occurs when fluid accumulates in the abdomen. (
  • In some instances, a person's abdomen might contain about 5 liters of fluid, but in some extreme cases of ascites, doctors have drained more than 10 liters of fluid from the abdomen. (
  • When ascites is caused by cancer, doctors may use a shunt (tube) to move the fluid from the abdomen into the bloodstream. (
  • Normally, only a small amount of fluid is present in the sac (20 ml), but in individuals with ascites, the fluid amount will be more than 20 in the peritoneal cavity. (
  • Ascites- This is a pathological condition of the abdomen in which there is excessive accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity resulting in numerous symptoms. (
  • Fluid Accumulation- Ascites is a disease caused by fluid accumulation within abdominal cavity. (
  • Serous Fluid- Ascites fluid is pale yellow serous fluid. (
  • Fluid buildup in the abdomen is called ascites. (
  • Ascites happens in the peritoneal cavity when the body makes more fluid than it can remove. (
  • When ascites is due to cancer, or if the fluid in the abdomen has cancer cells, it is often called malignant ascites or malignant peritoneal effusion. (
  • Chemotherapy may be given to treat the cancer causing ascites or cancer cells in the fluid. (
  • In cats, ascites is caused by the leakage of fluid into the abdomen from blood vessels, lymphatics, internal organs or abdominal masses. (
  • A good physical exam, basic blood tests and evaluation of the ascitic fluid often lead to the diagnosis, or they provide a direction upon which further diagnostics need to be done. (
  • Diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is usually established by an elevated ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) count >250 cells/mL. (
  • Whereas some patients with ascites have peritoneal fluid PMN counts >250 cells/mL, all patients with SBP do. (
  • The diagnosis of SBP always requires an examination of the peritoneal fluid. (
  • Patients have to have at least 1500 mL of peritoneal fluid for ascites to be detected reliably by physical examination. (
  • The diagnosis of SBP is made when the ascitic fluid has more than 250/mm polymorphonuclear cells (PMN, also called neutrophils). (
  • Ascites is free fluid in the peritoneal cavity. (
  • Diagnosis of infection involves analysis and culture of ascitic fluid. (
  • Diagnosis may be based on physical examination if there is a large amount of fluid, but imaging tests are more sensitive. (
  • In medicine ( gastroenterology ), ascites (also known as peritoneal cavity fluid , peritoneal fluid excess , hydroperitoneum or more archaically as abdominal dropsy ) is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. (
  • Additionally, the sonographer can make an estimation of the amount of ascitic fluid, and difficult-to-drain ascites may be drained under ultrasound guidance. (
  • Ascites is the accumulation of protein-containing (ascitic) fluid within the abdomen. (
  • In some people with ascites, the ankles swell because excess fluid accumulates there (causing edema ). (
  • The medical definition of ascites is an abnormal accumulation of fluid within the (peritoneal) cavity. (
  • To diagnose the cause of ascites, your doctor and other healthcare professionals will examine you around the belly to determine how much fluid is in the peritoneal cavity. (
  • Treatment for ascites includes curing or managing the disease causing ascites, limit your fluid intake, avoid alcohol, limit the amount salt in your diet , and other lifestyle changes. (
  • Some other causes of ascites related to increased pressure gradient are congestive heart failure and advanced kidney failure due to generalized retention of fluid in the body. (
  • In transudative ascites, fluid was said to cross the liver capsule because of an imbalance in Starling forces. (
  • Ascites, also known as abdominal effusion , is the medical term referring to the buildup of fluid in the abdomen. (
  • An ascetic fluid evaluation is general procedure for diagnosing ascites. (
  • The pregnancy had been complicated by a history of depression not requiring pharmacologic treatment, a urinary tract infection treated successfully, fetal abdominal distention and ascites, and polyhydramnios requiring 3 procedures for amniotic fluid reduction. (
  • Ascites (Greek askites, derived from askos "bag, bladder") is defined as an abnormal amount of intraperitoneal fluid. (
  • In the infant or child, the signs of ascites include shifting dullness to percussion, a fluid wave, and abdominal distention. (
  • Ascites is the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, usually resulting from cirrhosis. (
  • Cancer and infections may lead to ascites because of the increased fluid production in the peritoneal cavity exceeding resorptive capacity. (
  • This is more likely to confirm the diagnosis than a sample of fluid. (
  • Diagnostic studies on ascitic fluid should include a differential leukocyte count, total protein level, a serum-ascites albumin gradient, and fluid cultures. (
  • While there's only a little fluid in the belly, chylous ascites may not cause any symptoms. (
  • Before a baby is born, doctors might suspect chylous ascites when a routine prenatal ultrasound shows fluid in the baby's belly. (
  • The fundamental factors involved in the formation of ascites were established over a century ago when Starling [ 1 ] used observations of thoracic duct lymph flow and fluid absorption from the peritoneal space to support his classic description of the forces that determine capillary fluid balance. (
  • This condition will evolve in overt fluid retention and ascites, as the liver disease progresses. (
  • Peritoneal effusion, also referred to as ascites, is a condition that causes fluid to build up between the layers of the peritoneum within the abdominal cavity. (
  • These result in renal function compromise, sodium and fluid retention, and eventual ascites (Feldman, 2006). (
  • This sodium retention, coupled with inadequate levels of albumin, facilitates the shift of fluid from the intravascular space into the interstitial space of the abdomen and creates ascites ("Patho Puzzler," 2005). (
  • This fluid may also accumulate in parts of the body, such as the chest (chylothorax) or abdomen (chylous ascites). (
  • All patients with new-onset ascites fluid were recruited from January 2014 to December 2018. (
  • Ascites fluid is a common clinical syndrome, which can be divided into benign and malignant ascites for various reasons. (
  • However, the distinction between the two types of ascites fluid is not only the basis of diagnosis but also a prerequisite for formulating a treatment plan. (
  • Differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ascites can rely on certain precise findings such as appropriate ascites fluid serum analysis, cytological examination, laparoscopy, and the symptoms of the patients. (
  • Peritoneal effusion, widely known as ascites, refers to an excess collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity. (
  • More localized interstitial fluid collections include ascites and pleural effusions. (
  • If you experience ascites symptoms, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. (
  • Keep in mind that ascites symptoms may be caused by other conditions. (
  • Cancer of the ovary has no initial symptoms, and many women will have the diagnosis made because they develop ascites. (
  • In this article, we will explore the causes of ascites, as well as the symptoms and treatment options. (
  • Abdominal swelling and associated weight gain are typical symptoms of ascites. (
  • What are the symptoms of ascites? (
  • In this article, we will discuss in detail about the various causes, symptoms, and treatment for Ascites. (
  • Symptoms of ascites can vary depending on their cause and other factors. (
  • They relieve the symptoms of ascites or treat the cancer that is causing them. (
  • What causes signs and symptoms of ascites? (
  • Signs and symptoms of ascites include abdominal pain and bloating , shortness of breath , and liver failure. (
  • As ascites progresses, patients may complain of compressive symptoms such as abdominal discomfort, early satiety, or nausea. (
  • After a patient presents with symptoms, an abdominal ultrasound is often used to diagnose the ascites. (
  • One hundred and sixty‐five (44%) of the total of 375 patients diagnosed with liver cirrhosis enrolled in the current study, with or without respiratory symptoms (dyspnea, clubbing, distal cyanosis, cough and/or spider angioma), showed positive criteria for HPS diagnosis during CEUS. (
  • Proper treatment can control pain and other symptoms in addition to resolving recurring ascites. (
  • This procedure may be performed multiple times to control recurring ascites and associated symptoms such as distention, pain, nausea, vomiting and difficulty breathing. (
  • Blood that cannot flow through the liver because of the increased pressure leaks into the abdomen and causes ascites. (
  • Less common causes of ascites include disorders unrelated to the liver, such as cancer, heart failure, kidney failure, inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), and tuberculosis affecting the lining of the abdomen. (
  • Ultrasound abdomen showed gross ascites. (
  • Ascites is caused by a variety of diseases and conditions, for example, cirrhosis of the liver , cancer within the abdomen, congestive heart failure , and tuberculosis . (
  • His physical exam was significant for distended abdomen with tense ascites and diffuse tenderness. (
  • Peritoneal diseases including infectious peritonitis and malignancies can also cause ascites. (
  • The underlying conditions that cause ascites are often serious illnesses linked to reduced life expectancy. (
  • Several diseases involving peritoneum , pancreas and kidney cause ascites. (
  • Cancer that spreads to the liver can also cause ascites. (
  • conditions unrelated to the liver can also cause ascites. (
  • Portal vein thrombosis does not usually cause ascites unless hepatocellular damage is also present. (
  • People with cirrhotic ascites have a two-year. (
  • People with cirrhotic ascites have a two-year survival rate of approximately 50 percent . (
  • It is difficult to diagnose ascites infection early in cirrhotic patients. (
  • The present study was to create and evaluate a new bioscore combined with PCT, sNFI and dCHC in the diagnosis of ascites infection in cirrhotic patients. (
  • Guidelines for diagnosis and management of cirrhotic ascites and its complications. (
  • First-line treatment of patients with cirrhotic ascites consists of sodium restriction (i.e., no more than 2,000 mg per day) and diuretics (e.g., oral spironolactone [Aldactone] and furosemide [Lasix]), as well as complete abstention from alcohol. (
  • Chylous ascites has a milky appearance caused by lymph that has leaked into the abdominal cavity. (
  • Paediatric chylous ascites in tropics is commonly caused by infections and trauma. (
  • We describe the clinical characteristics of an uncommon inherited cause of chylous ascites, Hennekam syndrome, treated by nutritional modification. (
  • We describe a patient with Hennekam syndrome whom we had diagnosed on the basis of characteristic dysmorphism, intestinal lymphangiectasia and chylous ascites. (
  • We made a diagnosis of Hennekam syndrome in our patient as he had intestinal lymphangiectasia, characteristic facial and dental anomalies and neurodevelopmental abnormality along with chylous ascites and lymphoedema. (
  • Neonatal ascites is usually biliary, urinary, or chylous. (
  • Neonatal chylous ascites is almost always idiopathic, but a congenital lymphatic abnormality is thought to be the usual underlying cause. (
  • Congenital chylous ascites is a rare condition seen in the neonatal period and the data on pathogenesis and treatment modalities are limited. (
  • In this article, we report a case of neonate with chylous ascites and review the therapeutic management procedures on chylous ascites in childhood. (
  • Medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)-based diet can be tried as a first option in chylous ascites treatment. (
  • Patient-specific approach should be attempted for chylous ascites caused by various disorders and started as soon as possible. (
  • What Is Chylous Ascites? (
  • Chylous ascites is when chyle collects in the belly. (
  • Depending the cause, doctors can treat chylous ascites (KYE-lus uh-SYE-teez) and often cure it. (
  • What Happens in Chylous Ascites? (
  • In chylous ascites, it leaks into the belly. (
  • Kids with chylous ascites also can have trouble fighting infections and may get blood clots. (
  • How Is Chylous Ascites Diagnosed? (
  • How Is Chylous Ascites Treated? (
  • If a fetus has chylous ascites, doctors will watch the mother's pregnancy closely. (
  • Chylous ascites caused by a leak in the lymphatic system may heal on its own. (
  • SBP is suspected if a patient with ascites also has abdominal pain, fever, or unexplained deterioration. (
  • Care and management of the patient with Ascites. (
  • A careful history of the patient with ascites should include information that places a patient at risk for liver disease, including quantity and duration of alcohol use, transfusion of blood products, and personal or family history of autoimmune or hepatic diseases. (
  • This water overload can cause leakage into the peritoneal cavity and the formation of ascites. (
  • The circulating blood volume may be perceived as low by the sensors in the kidneys as the formation of ascites may deplete some volume from the blood. (
  • 14. Alterations of Hepatic and Splanchnic Microvascular Exchange in Cirrhosis: Local Factors in the Formation of Ascites (Jens H. Henriksen and Søren Møller). (
  • The formation of ascites in cirrhosis depends on the presence of unfavorable Starling forces within the hepatic sinusoid and on some degree of renal dysfunction. (
  • In cirrhosis, ascites forms due to renal dysfunction and abnormalities in portal and splanchnic circulation. (
  • Endocrine and renal ascites are rare disorders. (
  • Renal ascites develops when blood levels of albumin dip below normal. (
  • This book addresses the increasing incidence and significance of diseases, such as ascites, renal dysfunction, cirrhosis and hypertension where both organs are involved. (
  • Factors Involved in the Pathogenesis of Renal Dysfunction and Ascites in Cirrhosis. (
  • Startseite With Package Control planned, the download ascites and renal dysfunction in liver of trying nisi omnes and Collaboration has normally useful! (
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  • drain ascites continually if patient has no hemodynamic instability or pre-renal failure. (
  • Other causes of ascites related to portal HTN include heart failure, acute liver failure or alcoholic hepatitis, hepatic veno-occlusive disease (Budd-Chiari syndrome), constrictive pericarditis, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). (
  • Over the past 30 years, ascites research largely has focused on associated systemic abnormalities such as increases in cardiac output, blood volume, renal sodium retention and reduction in total systemic vascular resistance. (
  • Rocco and Ware [ 2 ] review the two older competing hypotheses: 1) the "underfill" theory in which ascites formation is the primary event causing the systemic changes, versus 2) the "overflow" theory in which renal sodium retention is the primary event. (
  • This focus on renal and systemic effects has led investigators to lose sight of the local factors within the peritoneal cavity that actually are responsible for the accumulations of ascites. (
  • Ascites can cause liver disease and cirrhosis, and death. (
  • Results of the serum-ascites albumin gradient overlapped the least between the two groups: all but 1 patient with malignant ascites while only 1 patient with liver disease had a gradient lower than 1.1. (
  • We conclude that the serum-ascites albumin gradient offers the best diagnostic discrimination between ascites caused by liver disease and ascites caused by a neoplasm. (
  • In the majority of patients the history and examination will provide important clues as to the etiology of ascites (e.g., signs of chronic liver disease or cardiac failure). (
  • However, ascites is more often associated with liver disease and other long-lasting (chronic) conditions. (
  • Liver disease is the most common cause of ascites. (
  • Caused by severe liver disease, ascites swells up your belly and will cause it to protrude. (
  • Development of ascites is predictive of mortality, especially in liver disease. (
  • Physical examination revealed jaundice and mild ascites, but no evidence of hepatic encephalopathy or stigmata of chronic liver disease. (
  • 1. Diagnosis of spontaneous and secondary bacterial peritonitis in patients with hepatic cirrhosis and ascites. (
  • It can result in severe complications, including bleeding of esophagogastric varices as well as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis or hepatorenal syndrome as complications of ascites. (
  • Greenberger N.J. Greenberger, Norton J. Ascites & Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis. (
  • Patients with ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) can present with fever, chills, abdominal pain, hepatic encephalopathy, and rebound abdominal tenderness. (
  • Patients with known ascites should be questioned regarding compliance with salt restriction and diuretic therapy, and for any past complications related to the ascites such as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). (
  • He was treated empirically for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, but no definitive diagnosis could be made until coccidioidal serology returned positive. (
  • It is therefore questionable whether SAAG has the same diagnostic value in the etiological research of ascites in Africans as in Caucasians. (
  • Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to analyze the diagnostic ability of bioscore for ascites infection. (
  • The composite markers of combining PCT, dCHC and sNFI could be a valuable diagnostic score to early diagnose ascites infection in patients with cirrhosis. (
  • As delayed diagnosis is associated with high mortality rates, new diagnostic tools are needed. (
  • Certain diagnostic tests must be performed for a definitive diagnosis of the underlying cause of ascites. (
  • Definition and diagnostic criteria of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. (
  • The objectives of this study are to evaluate the role of nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) targeting hup B gene as a rapid diagnostic modality of tubercular ascites and also to detect the infecting species (Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis). (
  • The good sensitivity and specificity obtained in the study suggests the use of PCR targeting hup B gene as a routine diagnostic tool for tubercular ascites. (
  • Morbidity and mortality associated with intestinal obstruction have declined since the advent of more sophisticated diagnostic tests, but the condition remains a challenging surgical diagnosis. (
  • Thirty-six parameters were included and selected using univariate logistic regression, multivariate logistic regression, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses to establish a mathematical model for differential diagnosis, and its diagnostic performance was validated in the other groups. (
  • The mathematical diagnostic model based on the five markers is a user-friendly method to differentiate malignant ascites from benign ascites with high efficiency. (
  • Clinical diagnosis ultimately rests on the ability to interpret diagnostic test results. (
  • This type of ascites is typically a manifestation of advanced cancers of the organs in the abdominal cavity, such as, colon cancer , pancreatic cancer , stomach cancer , breast cancer , lymphoma , lung cancer , or ovarian cancer . (
  • The most common cancers that lead to ascites are pancreatic and ovarian followed by colon and other abdominal cancers, lymphoma, uterine, and breast cancer. (
  • To show the interest of the serum-ascites concentration gradient in albumin (SAAG) in the etiological diagnosis of ascites in African black. (
  • The simple technical SAAG, allowing to distinguish the ascites linked to the PHT and the ascites not bound to the PHT, can be used like a method of diagnosis of the etiologies of the ascites especially in the peritoneal tuberculosis in the African countries low income. (
  • Our study therefore aimed to clarify the interest of the ascites serum albumin gradient (SAAG) in the etiological diagnosis of ascites by assessing its threshold value in the diagnosis of cirrhosis and peritoneal tuberculosis in Black Africans. (
  • The serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) is probably a better discriminant than older measures (transudate versus exudate) for the causes of ascites. (
  • The most useful parameter for classifying ascites is the serum ascites-albumin gradient (SAAG). (
  • The use of a predominant beneficial tool, SAAG, is also a matter of debate in etiological diagnosis [ 7 ]. (
  • The increase in portal blood pressure and decrease in albumin (a protein that is carried in the blood) may be responsible in forming the pressure gradient and resulting in abdominal ascites. (
  • The serum-ascites albumin gradient is superior to the exudate-transudate concept in the differential diagnosis of ascites. (
  • 1.1 g/dL) (see the Ascites Albumin Gradient calculator). (
  • This is likely due to the use of different criteria for the diagnosis of decreased blood oxygenation, the method used for the demonstration of IPVD (transthoracic or transesophageal contrast echocardiography or macroaggregated albumin lung scan) and the characteristics of the study population (6-12). (
  • Pancreatic ascites develops when a cyst that has thick, fibrous walls (pseudocyst) bursts and permits pancreatic juices to enter the abdominal cavity. (
  • Pancreatic ascites can be seen in people with chronic (long standing) pancreatitis or inflammation of the pancreas. (
  • Pancreatic ascites (either from trauma or pancreatitis) may occur in children. (
  • Pancreatic ascites can occur with acute or chronic pancreatitis, from a leaking pseudocyst, or after pancreatic trauma. (
  • This causes the triad of ascites, abdominal pain , and hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the liver and spleen). (
  • A 27-year-old male presented with acute abdominal pain and distention from ascites. (
  • This was a monocentric observational and analytical study performed on patients over 15 years old and hospitalized in the Hepato-Gastroenterology department of Cocody from January 1st, 2010 to March 31st, 2017 for ascites. (
  • The population studied consisted of black African patients hospitalized in the Hepato-gastroenterology department, during the period from January 2010 to March 2017 for ascites. (
  • Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2017 Papadakis MA, McPhee SJ. (
  • What other diseases, conditions, or complications should I look for in patients with ascites? (
  • Complications of ascites include bleeding from the lower intestine, kidney failure , and other complications of cirrhosis of the liver. (
  • The causes of ascites are multiple, nevertheless two etiologies predominate, liver cirrhosis for transudative ascites and peritoneal tuberculosis for exudative ascites in our contexts. (
  • Many underlying diseases can be responsible for causing ascites, including tuberculosis , kidney disease, pancreatitis , and an underactive thyroid. (
  • Because of the limitations of the conventional methods of diagnosis of extra pulmonary tuberculosis, focus is shifted to molecular methods. (
  • Acute liver failure can result in ascites. (
  • Nephrotic syndrome , in which kidney damage causes the protein to leak into the urine, decreases oncotic pressure and may result in ascites. (
  • Disorders of the pancreas can result in ascites in a variety of ways. (
  • Conditions causing hypoalbuminemia such as nephrotic syndrome and protein-losing enteropathy may result in ascites. (
  • Hepatocellular disease (eg, storage disease, neonatal or viral hepatitis, alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency) may result in ascites. (
  • Cardiac abnormalities (eg, congestive failure, physiologic right-side heart obstruction, severe valvular regurgitation) may result in ascites. (
  • The etiology of ascites may differ among neonates and older children. (
  • The development of ascites in patients with cirrhosis provides important prognostic information as up to 50% of such patients will die within 5 years. (
  • This complicated pathophysiology ultimately leads to the development of ascites. (
  • Hypoalbuminemia is often a contributing factor in the development of ascites in cirrhosis as well. (
  • Two years after the development of ascites associated with alcoholic cirrhosis, an affected individual has a 50% chance of survival. (
  • Development of ascites associated with chronic hepatitis C suggests a 5-year survival time (Saadeh & Davis, 2004). (
  • About 50% of patients with cirrhosis develop ascites within 10 years. (
  • Approximately 50% of patients with cirrhosis will develop ascites within 10 years. (
  • Ultrasound, computed tomography scan, or magnetic resonance imaging can confirm the diagnosis. (
  • [3] Diagnosis is typically based on a examination together with ultrasound or a CT scan . (
  • Imaging, usually with ultrasound, may be useful in detecting ascites that is not readily apparent on physical exam and in quantifying the amount of ascites. (
  • For this new English edition, the highly popular Ultrasound Diagnosis of Digestive Diseases has been thoroughly revised and updated to include the enormous progress seen recently in the field of ultrasonography, especially endoscopic ultrasonography and pulsed and color Doppler ultrasonography After an extensive technical introduction the book covers the sonoanatomy and ultrasonic symptomatology of the diseases of the digestive system and the abdominal vessels. (
  • There is no statistical difference for AFLP diagnosis between CT and ultrasound ( 4 )[ C ]. (
  • Diagnosis is by abdominal ultrasound, MRCP, or HIDA scan. (
  • Data were collected from the complete medical records of patients hospitalized for ascites in the hepato-gastroenterology department during the study period and collected from a survey sheet. (
  • The scoring system was analyzed by logistic regression analysis to determine which parameters were statistically different between ascites infection and non-ascites infection patients. (
  • 5-7 Recently these new criteria were also proposed and applied in the diagnosis of AKI in patients with cirrhosis. (
  • 3 , 8-15 Thus, in December 2012, the International Club of Ascites (ICA) organised a consensus development meeting in Venice, Italy, in order to reach a new definition of AKI in patients with cirrhosis. (
  • Patients with ascites generally will complain of progressive abdominal heaviness and pressure as well as shortness of breath due to mechanical impingement on the diaphragm . (
  • It has been reported that about 80 per cent of patients with cirrhosis of the liver develop ascites. (
  • In patients with large and tense ascites, the respiratory function and physical activity may be impaired. (
  • 125 meq/L). An important aspect in the management of patients with cirrhosis and ascites is evaluation for liver transplantation in suitable candidates. (
  • This textbook is essential, even for confirmed practitioners and contains current information regarding treatment and therapy for patients with cirrhosis and ascites, clearly and effectively presented by the top international experts within this field. (
  • Combined versus sequential diuretic treatment of ascites in non-azotaemic patients with cirrhosis: results of an open randomised clinical trial. (
  • Hypoxia in some patients is exacerbated by a hydrothorax that is often right-sided and is occasionally without significant ascites. (
  • 100 suspected tubercular ascites patients were enrolled in the study. (
  • Approximately 90% of patients with ascites complicating cirrhosis respond to salt restriction and diuretics . (
  • Unfortunately, it can be difficult to diagnose the presence and quantify of ascites in many patients. (
  • TIPS should be considered in patients with refractory ascites who may require a transplant, whereas a peritoneovenous shunt should be considered in patients with refractory ascites who are not candidates for paracenteses, transplant, or TIPS. (
  • Finally, for the diagnosis of HPS, arterial blood gas analyses are usually performed with the patient seated using A-a PAO 2 ≥ 15 mmHg or ≥ 20 mmHg in patients over 64 years of age, while the PaO 2 value was used to stratify HPS severity (1). (
  • The 99m Tc-MAA is a low sensitivity test for the diagnosis of HPS that can be useful in patients who have concomitant lung disease and in severe to very severe cases of HPS. (
  • For patients who have developed ascites, researchers may refer to the appearance on the scan as the "wet type. (
  • Peritoneal mesothelioma patients with ascites may also present as the "mixed type" on their scan, meaning they have developed ascites and may have large tumors that are common with the "dry type" presentation seen on some CT scans. (
  • The medical records of 317 patients with ascites for various reasons in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were collected and reviewed retrospectively. (
  • Malignant pleural effusions can lead to an initial diagnosis of cancer in patients. (
  • Emergency measures are required for large, tense ascites that causes dyspnea, hypoxia and/or severe abdominal discomfort. (
  • The efficacy of procalcitonin(PCT), c-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell (WBC), mean fluorescence intensity of mature neutrophils(sNFI) and difference in hemoglobin concentration between newly formed and mature red blood cells(dCHC) for diagnosing ascites infection was examined. (
  • A bioscore of ≥3.40 was considered to be statistically significant in making a positive diagnosis of ascites infection. (
  • 1.1 g/dL can occur in ascites due to infection, inflammation, or neoplasm. (
  • This infection is common among people with ascites and cirrhosis, especially alcoholics. (
  • This treatment is used most commonly when the ascites is severe or recurrent. (
  • He complained of ascites during the last 3 years with worsening in the last year with severe ascites development. (
  • Mild ascites is hard to notice, but severe ascites leads to abdominal distension . (
  • Ascites may occur in other liver disorders, such as severe alcoholic hepatitis without cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, and obstruction of the hepatic vein ( Budd-Chiari syndrome ). (
  • The overall sensitivity of 99m Tc-MAA for the diagnosis of HPS was 18.9% (14/74) in all of the HPS cases and 66.7% (4/6) in the severe to very severe cases. (
  • Ascites is among the first diagnoses that will come to a doctor's mind when a patient goes to the doctor with severe abdominal distension. (
  • Guidelines on the management of ascites in cirrhosis. (
  • The recommendations for the management of ascites in cirrhosis are discussed below. (
  • This article uses a clinical case to highlight the problem, then reviews these new concepts in the pathophysiology of malignant ascites formation. (
  • The diagnosis and management of this challenging medical problem are subsequently discussed, with emphasis on how these new pathophysiologic insights are being applied to the development of novel therapies that may soon change how we manage this troubling clinical condition. (
  • The diagnosis is established by a combination of clinical evaluation, laboratory and imaging studies and possibly hepatic vein catheterization and a transjugular liver biopsy. (
  • 1. Determine presence of ascites by clinical evaluation via history and physical examination. (
  • Enabling clinicians to formulate incisive diagnoses and appropriate treatment strategies, this book has been updated to reflect the advances that have been made in the last 10 years, providing didactic and reliable clinical guidance in hepatology from the world's leading experts. (
  • The clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and etiology of small bowel obstruction will be reviewed here. (
  • The clinical features and diagnosis of colorectal obstruction is reviewed elsewhere. (
  • This is rarely used for diagnosis especially in the clinical setting of coagulopathies. (
  • Eosinophilic ascites (EA) is generally a rare finding in clinical practice. (
  • Ascites commonly is regarded as a clinical condition that can be understood in terms of classic physiological principals. (
  • This research aimed to develop a user-friendly predictive model to discriminate malignant ascites from non-malignant ascites through easy-to-obtain clinical parameters. (
  • Malignant ascites is the result of cancer and account for nearly 10% of all ascites cases occurring in related to various tumors, especially breast, ovary, stomach, pancreas, and colon cancer, and presents a challenging clinical problem in some cases [ 2 ]. (
  • To justify this assertion, this article will explain how bayesian reasoning is a natural part of clinical decision making, particularly as it pertains to the clinical history and physical examination, and how bayesian approaches are a powerful and intuitive approach to the differential diagnosis. (
  • Prognosis and outlook of ascites depend on the underlying condition. (
  • The prognosis ascites depends on its underlying causes and severity. (
  • Fetal porencephaly: a review of etiology, diagnosis, and prognosis. (
  • This is the first case report of a patient with coccidioidal dissemination to the peritoneum presenting as eosinophilic ascites (EA). (
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether the investigational drug catumaxomab is a safe and effective treatment for recurrent symptomatic malignant ascites. (
  • Peritoneal effusion isn't strongly associated with survival time , but worsening ascites is a sign that the cancer is progressing. (
  • Usually, the hypothyroidism has been untreated for a prolonged period of time, and the ascites resolves when thyroid levels in the body return to normal. (
  • Hypoalbuminemia, with resultant decrease in oncotic pressure, may lead to ascites in protein-losing enteropathy, malnutrition, and nephrotic syndrome. (
  • Once ascites is present, most therapeutic modalities are directed on maintaining negative sodium balance, including salt restriction, bed rest and diuretics. (
  • Fetal ascites may be identified during antenatal US. (
  • LCHAD is the most frequent fetal diagnosis but AFLP can occur with any fetal fatty acid oxidation defect. (
  • Ascites tends to occur in long-standing (chronic) rather than in short-lived (acute) liver disorders. (
  • Diagnosis at time of BMT was: chronic myeloid leukemia ( n = 37), acute leukemia ( n = 33), aplastic anemia ( n = 8), myelodysplasia ( n = 7), lymphoma ( n = 6), myeloma ( n = 4), and solid tumor ( n = 1). (
  • A diagnosis was made of acute liver injury secondary to black cohosh ingestion. (
  • The diagnosis of peritonitis is based on other factors, in addition to the culture. (
  • Ascites and peritonitis are less common. (
  • In North America and Europe, 90% of the cases of ascites are due to cirrhosis, malignancy, and congestive heart failure. (
  • Ascites can occur with cancer and other conditions. (
  • If ascites results in elevation of the diaphragm, dyspnea may occur. (
  • Bile ascites in older children may occur as a result of trauma or after cholecystectomy. (
  • Ascites may occur (particularly while the patient is in the neonatal intensive care unit [NICU]) as a result of iatrogenic gastric perforation from gastric catheters and/or tubes and with intraperitoneal feedings. (
  • Diseases of the ovary can be associated with ascites. (
  • Ascites is one of the most common liver diseases that is caused by cirrhosis of the liver. (
  • Other signs of ascites may be present due to its underlying cause. (
  • While this is an effective approach in many situations, some types of ascites are resistant to diuretics. (
  • Any amount of ascites is a significant finding, however, and steps should be taken to find a diagnosis. (
  • 18. Medical Treatment of Ascites in Cirrhosis (Paolo Angeli and Angelo Gatta). (

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