Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Non-optimal interval of time between onset of symptoms, identification, and initiation of treatment.
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Conclusions derived from the nursing assessment that establish a health status profile for the patient and from which nursing interventions may be ordered.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Computers whose input, output and state transitions are carried out by biochemical interactions and reactions.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Text editing and storage functions using computer software.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Computers that combine the functions of analog and digital computers. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Using fine needles (finer than 22-gauge) to remove tissue or fluid specimens from the living body for examination in the pathology laboratory and for disease diagnosis.
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.
Ultrasonography of internal organs using an ultrasound transducer sometimes mounted on a fiberoptic endoscope. In endosonography the transducer converts electronic signals into acoustic pulses or continuous waves and acts also as a receiver to detect reflected pulses from within the organ. An audiovisual-electronic interface converts the detected or processed echo signals, which pass through the electronics of the instrument, into a form that the technologist can evaluate. The procedure should not be confused with ENDOSCOPY which employs a special instrument called an endoscope. The "endo-" of endosonography refers to the examination of tissue within hollow organs, with reference to the usual ultrasonography procedure which is performed externally or transcutaneously.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The production of an image obtained by cameras that detect the radioactive emissions of an injected radionuclide as it has distributed differentially throughout tissues in the body. The image obtained from a moving detector is called a scan, while the image obtained from a stationary camera device is called a scintiphotograph.
Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
Postmortem examination of the body.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.
Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.
A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Transmission and interpretation of tissue specimens via remote telecommunication, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or consultation but may also be used for continuing education.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Immunologic techniques involved in diagnosis.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).

Computerized analysis of abnormal asymmetry in digital chest radiographs: evaluation of potential utility. (1/1771)

The purpose of this study was to develop and test a computerized method for the fully automated analysis of abnormal asymmetry in digital posteroanterior (PA) chest radiographs. An automated lung segmentation method was used to identify the aerated lung regions in 600 chest radiographs. Minimal a priori lung morphology information was required for this gray-level thresholding-based segmentation. Consequently, segmentation was applicable to grossly abnormal cases. The relative areas of segmented right and left lung regions in each image were compared with the corresponding area distributions of normal images to determine the presence of abnormal asymmetry. Computerized diagnoses were compared with image ratings assigned by a radiologist. The ability of the automated method to distinguish normal from asymmetrically abnormal cases was evaluated by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, which yielded an area under the ROC curve of 0.84. This automated method demonstrated promising performance in its ability to detect abnormal asymmetry in PA chest images. We believe this method could play a role in a picture archiving and communications (PACS) environment to immediately identify abnormal cases and to function as one component of a multifaceted computer-aided diagnostic scheme.  (+info)

Improving the detection of acetabular osteolysis using oblique radiographs. (2/1771)

Visualisation of periacetabular osteolysis by standard anteroposterior (AP) radiographs underestimates the extent of bone loss around a metal-backed acetabular component. We have assessed the effectiveness of standard radiological views in depicting periacetabular osteolysis, and recommend additional projections which make these lesions more visible. This was accomplished using a computerised simulation of radiological views and a radiological analysis of simulated defects placed at regular intervals around the perimeter of a cadaver acetabulum. The AP view alone showed only 38% of the defects over all of the surface of the cup and failed to depict a 3 mm lesion over 83% of the cup. When combined with the AP view, additional 45 degree obturator-oblique and iliac-oblique projections increased the depiction, showing 81% of the defects. The addition of the 60 degree obturator-oblique view further improved the visualisation of posterior defects, increasing the rate of detection to 94%. Based on this analysis, we recommend using at least three radiographic views when assessing the presence and extent of acetabular osteolysis.  (+info)

Detection of cancerous masses for screening mammography using discrete wavelet transform-based multiresolution Markov random field. (3/1771)

When cancerous masses are embedded in and camouflaged by varying densities of parenchymal tissue structures, they are difficult to visually detect on mammograms. We present a novel algorithm based on the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and multiresolution markov random field (MMRF) that will single out the suspicious masses to assist the attending radiologist in making decisions.  (+info)

Syntactic analysis and languages of shape feature description in computer-aided diagnosis and recognition of cancerous and inflammatory lesions of organs in selected x-ray images. (4/1771)

We present new algorithms for the recognition of morphologic changes and shape feature analysis, which have been proposed to be used in a diagnosis of pathologic symptoms characteristic of cancerous and inflammatory lesions. These methods have been used so far for early detection and diagnosis of neoplastic changes in pancreas and chronic pancreatitis based on x-ray images acquired by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Preliminary processing of x-ray images involves binarization, and, subsequently, pancreatic ducts shown in the pictures are subjected to the straightening transformation, which enables obtaining two-dimensional width graphs that show contours of objects with their morphologic changes. Recognition of such changes was performed using attributed context-free grammars. Correct description and diagnosis of some symptoms (e.g., large cavitary projections) required two-dimensional analysis of width graphs. In such cases, languages of shape feature description with special multidirectional sinquad distribution were additionally applied.  (+info)

Content-based image retrieval in picture archiving and communications systems. (5/1771)

We propose the concept of content-based image retrieval (CBIR) and demonstrate its potential use in picture archival and communication system (PACS). We address the importance of image retrieval in PACS and highlight the drawbacks existing in traditional textual-based retrieval. We use a digital mammogram database as our testing data to illustrate the idea of CBIR, where retrieval is carried out based on object shape, size, and brightness histogram. With a user-supplied query image, the system can find images with similar characteristics from the archive, and return them along with the corresponding ancillary data, which may provide a valuable reference for radiologists in a new case study. Furthermore, CBIR can perform like a consultant in emergencies when radiologists are not available. We also show that content-based retrieval is a more natural approach to man-machine communication.  (+info)

Computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) in primary care. (6/1771)

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among 11,000 inhabitants in Northern Helsinki, and to identify high-risk individuals in the area and direct them to the local primary-health-care-centred CVD-risk-factor prevention programme. METHOD: We conducted a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), a descriptive survey and primary care unit searching for CVD risk factors within the population under its responsibility. Six hundred and sixty-seven individuals aged 18-65 years out of 1000 randomly chosen inhabitants were interviewed using CATI. We measured the prevalence of self-reported CVD risk factors: smoking, blood pressure, last measured total serum cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), alcohol consumption, diabetes, physical exercise habits, positive family history of CVD/diabetes and personal history of CVD. RESULTS: Sixty-seven per cent of the sample was interviewed. Nineteen per cent did not have a telephone and 3% refused to be interviewed. Eleven per cent did not respond. Persons with high cardiovascular risk scores were observed mainly in the oldest age group. In the total sample, 23% of women and 28% of men were estimated to be at high risk of coronary artery disease. Gender differences were seen only in one age-group: 45-54-year-old men reporting higher risk-factor scores. The results were analysed using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS). CONCLUSIONS: The CATI-method is a useful tool in screening of high-CVD-risk patients and in guiding them to local CVD primary prevention programmes.  (+info)

A correlative study of gliomas using in vivo bromodeoxyuridine labeling index and computer-aided malignancy grading. (7/1771)

An in vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling index (LI) was estimated in 43 cases of astrocytic tumors and mixed gliomas by one hour intra-operative intravenous infusion at a dose of 200 mg/m2 and correlated with (a) histological grading using a computer aided malignancy classifier TESTAST-268; and (b) histological typing using WHO classification. The lowest BrdU LI was seen in pilocytic and gemistocytic astrocytomas followed by astrocytomas, anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme in that order. Mixed oligoastrocytomas followed the pattern of their astrocytic counterparts. Tumors of similar histological type showed different BrdU LI values especially amongst astrocytomas and glioblastomas. A statistically significant difference in the BrdU LI was also noted between the higher TESTAST grades of astrocytomas (T III and IV) versus the lower TESTAST grades (T II). Unlike earlier reports in literature, in the present study the category of BrdU LI of <1 contained no case of anaplastic astrocytoma or glioblastoma multiforme (TESTAST grades III and IV). Likewise, the category of BrdU LI >5 contained only anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme (TESTAST grades III and IV). Maximum spread of cases was seen in the BrdU LI category of 1-5, not only in terms of histological types but also TESTAST grades. Thus there appeared to be a positive trend of increasing BrdU LI values both with histological types and increasing TESTAST grades. Further, an interesting observation was that by using a combination of TESTAST grades and BrdU LI, the histologically homogenous glioblastoma group could be further subdivided into 4 categories which showed a trend towards prognostic correlation. Thus, this study though preliminary with number of cases being small in some groups, highlights the possible usefulness of combined histological typing, TESTAST grading and in vivo BrdU LI for prognostication of gliomas especially glioblastoma multiforme.  (+info)

Artificial neural networks: a potential role in osteoporosis. (8/1771)

Artificial neural networks are computer software systems that recognize patterns in complex data sets. A recent development in neural computing, multiversion systems (MVS), has led to enhanced analytical power, and this was harnessed to demonstrate the value of risk factors in predicting the result of osteoporosis investigations by quantitative ultrasound. 274 women were screened in an open-access osteoporosis service. A conventional risk factor questionnaire was completed for each patient by the osteoporosis specialist nurse. An MVS was trained on 180 randomly selected data sets and tested on the remaining 94. The results were compared with those from logistic regression analysis in predictive power, both from the selected 20-item questionnaire and for a limited 5-item questionnaire comprising age, height, height loss, weight and years since the menopause. The MVS approach predicted the T-score categorization of the patients from the 20-item questionnaire with 83.0% accuracy, whereas logistic regression yielded an accuracy of only 72.8% (P = 0.04). From the 5-item database the MVS yielded a best prediction accuracy of 73.1%, whereas the logistic regression prediction accuracy was 60% (P = 0.04). These results suggest that 20 risk factors can be used by an MVS to predict the outcome of osteoporosis investigations with a power that outperforms conventional statistical methods. Use of this system may improve the selection of patients for osteoporosis investigations, since even with only 5 risk factors the system performs nearly as well as that based on the full 20 factors.  (+info)

A mark-free computer-assisted diagnosis method and system are provided for assisting diagnosis of abnormalities in digital medical images using diagnosis based image enhancement. The method includes the steps of: receiving indicia identifying one or more regions of interest in a digital medical image; and displaying one or more enhanced views of the regions of interest, the enhanced views being based on diagnostic parameters for the regions of interest and diagnostic parameters corresponding to a particular abnormality.
The preferred embodiments described herein provide a medical diagnostic imaging system and method for efficient access of data. In one preferred embodiment, a medical diagnostic imaging system is provided comprising a software application, a text file, and a software component that binds to the software application at runtime. The text file and the software component store common data. If the medical diagnostic imaging system is being used in a first mode of operation (e.g., during the manufacturing process at the factory), data is read from the text file. If the medical diagnostic imaging system is being used in a second mode of operation (e.g., during normal workflow of the ultrasound system in the field), data is read from the software component. These preferred embodiments can be used to provide fast access to stored data during the manufacturing process without incurring performance penalties. Other preferred embodiments are provided, and each of the preferred embodiments described herein can
Nested Case-control Study of Occupational Radiation Exposure and Breast and Esophagus Cancer Risk among Medical Diagnostic X Ray Workers in Jiangsu of China Nested case-control study;occupational radiation;medical diagnostic X ray workers;cancer risk; Medical diagnostic X-ray workers are one occupational group that expose to the long-term low-dose external radiation over their working lifetime, and they may under risk of different cancers. This study aims to determine the relationship between the occupational X-ray radiation exposure and cancer risk among these workers in Jiangsu, China. We conducted Nested case-control study to investigate the occupational X-ray radiation exposure and cancer risk. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaire, which includes but not limits to demographic data, personal behaviors and family history of cancer. Retrospective dose reconstruction was conducted to estimate the cumulative doses of the x-ray workers. Inferential statistics, t-test and 2 tests
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Coherent Market Insights Presents Global Rapid Medical Diagnostic Devices Market Size, Status and Forecast 2020-2027 New Document to its Studies Database. This report, which has been published, is having a meaningful Rapid Medical Diagnostic Devices market insight. It casts some lights on industry products and services. Along with those product applications, it also examined whether it reaches up to the end-users or not. This report on this Rapid Medical Diagnostic Devices market has given an overall view of the recent technologies used and technological improvements. It also focuses on recent industry trends and which products are quite demanding from a customers perspective. This report is focused on every aspect of the forecast year 2027.. This report is representing a whole market scenario on a global basis. In this report, we can also find the analysis growth of industries. Through this report, we can easily interpreter the level of market competition, different pricing models, the ...
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This CAD system for digital chest radiographs can assist radiologists and has the potential to improve the detection of lung nodules due to lung cancer.
Canfield Imaging Systems. Callegari. Michelson Diagnostics. Verisante Technology. NinePoint Medical. taberna pro medicum. Mela Sciences. Bio-Therapeutic. AGFA Healthcare and more.. Numerous analytical tools which determine the Global Skin Diagnosis System market attractiveness such as investment return analysis, feasibility analysis etc. are the basis of this research study. The results obtained by using SWOT analysis are used by our expert analysts to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the key market players. The threats and opportunities that these key players face, the major strategies implemented by them to grow their business are also examined in this global and market for Skin Diagnosis System market research report.. The regional markets of the Global Skin Diagnosis System across the world have been evaluated in this report on the basis of the volume they produce, the revenue generated and their manufacturing capacity over the period of 2017-2022.The demand and supply of the Global ...
The development of medical diagnostic devices for point-of-care applications (PoC) is a key demand towards the establishment of decentralized health-care systems. The cost of miniaturized transducers, the need for elaborated modification of the sensing surface and the complexity of the assay workflow impede the widespread use of current biosensing technologies to PoC applications. Herein, we describe a portable medical diagnostic device (we call it BioPoC), which employs free-standing enzyme-modified responsive polymer membrane-based biosensors and a newly devised low-cost transduction principle. The device includes a single vertical channel with an integrated sample dosing well. Its operation is based on the measurement of the time required the originally infinite electric resistance between two, separated by the enzyme-modified responsive polymer membrane, conductive strips to reach a finite value (typically ,20 MOhm) as a result of the target-triggered degradation of the polymer membrane ...
A self-contained portable medical diagnostic suite includes an enclosure transportable by a plurality of different modes of shipping and transportation. The enclosure has an exterior surface, and an interior area. Access is provided to the interior area of the enclosure via at least one door. At least one medical diagnostic device is supported within the interior area of the enclosure. A modular climate control system for maintaining the climate in the interior area of the enclosure is removably mounted to the exterior surface of the enclosure. The climate control system can be easily removed from the enclosures exterior and stored in the interior area during shipment. Integral couplings are provided on the exterior of the enclosure for coupling the enclosure to a load handling device or mode of transportation.
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Abnormal regions in living tissue are detected by obtaining images from different views of the living tissue; performing single-image CAD of each image to determine suspected abnormal regions depicted in the image; and combining measurements of the suspected abnormal regions in each image to determine whether a suspected abnormal region is an abnormal region. The living tissue may be a human breast and the abnormal region may be a mass in the breast. Ipsilateral mammographic views of the breast, a craniocaudal view, and a mediolateral oblique view may be used. Features which are relatively invariant or behave predictably with respect to breast compression are extracted using the single-image CAD and then combined.
To improve the diagnostic performance of CTC in the prepared colon using improved spatial resolution, advanced image displays, and computer-assisted diagnosis, and to optimize diagnostic performance of CTC in the unprepared colon for colorectal polyp detection using electronic stool subtraction and computer-aided diagnostic techniques. To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of CTC in the unprepared colon for clinically important colorectal neoplasms (large adenomas ≥ 1 cm) and to compare such estimates with colonoscopy. To survey patient acceptance of CTC in the unprepared colon, and to assess implications for health care costs and cost-effectiveness of CTC in the unprepared colon in comparison with other approaches ...
The developed Renal-CAD system integrates data collected from two image-based sources and two clinical-based sources to assess renal transplant function. The imaging sources were the apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) extracted from 47 diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) scans at 11 different b-values (b0, b50, b100, …, b1000 s/mm ), and the transverse relaxation rate (R2*) extracted from 30 blood oxygen level-dependent MRI (BOLD-MRI) scans at 5-different echo-times (TE = 2, 7, 12, 17, and 22 ms). Serum creatinine (SCr) and creatinine clearance (CrCl) were the clinical sources for kidney function evaluation. The Renal-CAD system initially performed kidney segmentation using the level-sets method followed by estimation of the ADCs from DW-MRIs and the R2* from BOLD-MRIs. ADCs and R2* estimates from 30 subjects that have both types of scans were integrated with their associated SCr and CrCl. The integrated biomarkers were then used as our discriminatory features to train ...
A technique is provided for verifying network connectivity between a medical diagnostic system and a remote service facility. The remote service facility is contactable at will by the subscribing system to request service, information, technical assistance, and so forth, while the service facility may also contact the subscribing system for acquisition of data, transmission of service messages, protocols, and so forth. In the connectivity verification sequence, a subscribing system is selected by the service facility and a network connection is established. A message is transmitted to the system provoking software at the system to re-establish the network connection from the system side. Two-way connectivity is thereby verified. Mobile systems may be configured to contact the service facility at their own initiation, and exchange data for permitting the service facility to re-contact the mobile system. Failure modes may be identified at various
Esaote product listing. Esaote is one of the worlds leading manufacturer of medical diagnostic systems and internationally recognized as a world leader in extremity MRI. The Esaote Group is also one of the main providers for Healthcare Informatics
A system and method for providing computerized, knowledge-based medical diagnostic advice. The medical advice is provided to the general public over a network, such as a telephone network with the use of a telephone or the Internet with the use of an Internet access device. Alternatively, the medical advice can be provided to a patient in a stand-alone mode by use of a computer. The invention utilizes a list-based processing method of generating and executing diagnostic scripts. For the purpose of diagnosing a health problem of a patient, medical knowledge is organized into a list of the diseases to be considered. Each disease on the disease list includes a list of symptoms that is checked in a patient. Each symptom on the symptom list is then further described as a response to a list of one or more questions asked of the patient about the symptom. This triply-nested list structure is converted by suitable data structure transformations into a script that is stored. When a patient requires diagnosis,
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Flow is characterized in medical diagnostic ultrasound imaging. The flow information over time for each spatial location may be broken down into component parts using Fourier analysis. For example, th
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Provided are computer-based methods for preparing G-CSF analogs involving (a) providing computer expression of the three dimensional structure of a G-CSF molecule wherein the chemical moieties, such as each amino acid residue or each atom of each amino acid residue of the G-CSF molecule are correlated with said structure: (b) selecting from said computer expression a site on a G-CSF molecule for alteration; and (c) preparing a G-CSF molecule having such alteration. Also provided are articles of manufacture associated with such methods.
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An Efficient Coronary Disease Diagnosis System Using Dual-Phase Multi-Objective Optimization and Embedded Feature Selection: 10.4018/IJIIT.2017070102: Developments in healthcare technologies have significantly enhanced spatial resolution and improved contrast resolution, permitting analysis of additional
Colonoscopy is considered the gold standard for detection of colorectal cancer and its precursors. Existing examination methods are, however, hampered by high overall miss-rate, and many abnormalities are left undetected. Computer-Aided Diagnosis systems based on advanced machine learning algorithms are touted as a game-changer that can identify regions in the colon overlooked by the physicians during endoscopic examinations, and help detect and characterize lesions. In previous work, we have proposed the ResUNet++ architecture and demonstrated that it produces more efficient results compared with its counterparts U-Net and ResUNet. In this paper, we demonstrate that further improvements to the overall prediction performance of the ResUNet++ architecture can be achieved by using CRF and TTA. We have performed extensive evaluations and validated the improvements using six publicly available datasets: Kvasir-SEG, CVC-ClinicDB, CVC-ColonDB, ETIS-Larib Polyp DB, ASU-Mayo Clinic Colonoscopy Video ...
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For the clinical diagnosis of pathological conditions of the human body a variety of sophisticated examination techniques are employed these days. Most of these approaches yield vast amounts of images and measurement data with high spatial and/or temporal resolutions, e.g. MRI, CT, and Ultrasound. In order to reliably evaluate these data for diagnostic purposes, a certain extent of subjective experience is required on the part of the physician. Due to different reasons, in usual clinical time frames the amount of time available for analyzing and interpreting the acquired data is limited. As a result, diagnostic failure may occur, which can have serious consequences for the affected patient. By means of combined image processing and data analysis approaches this crucial diagnostic process can be objectified and automated. Thus, Computer-Aided Diagnosis systems can be provided to the physician, facilitating her/his clinical decision and yielding more reliable identification of pathological ...
Mark-free computer-assisted diagnosis method and system for assisting diagnosis of abnormalities in digital medical images using diagnosis based image ...
Case-based reasoning (CBR)-driven medical diagnostic systems demand a critical mass of up-to-date diagnostic-quality cases that depict the problem-solving methodology of medical experts. In practical terms, procurement of CBR-compliant cases is quite challenging, as this requires medical experts to map their experiential knowledge to an unfamiliar computational formalism. In this paper, we propose a novel medical knowledge acquisition approach that leverages routinely generated electronic medical records (EMRs) as an alternate source for CBR-compliant cases. We present a methodology to autonomously transform XML-based EMR to specialized CBR-compliant cases for CBR-driven medical diagnostic systems. Our multi-stage methodology features: (a) collection of heterogeneous EMR from Internet-accessible EMR repositories via intelligent agents, (b) automated transformation of both the structure and content of generic EMR to specialized CBR-compliant cases, and (c) inductive estimation of the weight of each case
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Breast cancer is the most frequently occurring malignancy in women and has a high mortality rate. It is important and necessary to find effective treatments and develop better early detection modalities, and therefore, improve the chances of survival and reduce healthcare costs. The chapters in this book present the established and currently researched diagnostic and therapeutic imaging techniques used for breast cancer.. The book is divided into eight sections. Section I is a review of the principles, applications, and recent advances of breast imaging modalities. Section II focuses on breast pathologies and presents the use of breast cancer subgross morphology parameters. Section III deals with mammography. Section IV focuses on computer-aided diagnostic (CAD ) techniques used in breast cancer detection. Section V is dedicated to breast ultrasound, and Section VI discusses on the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in breast imaging. Thermal imaging in breast cancer is the theme of the ...
Physicians intuitively apply pattern recognition when evaluating a patient. Rational diagnosis making requires that clinical patterns be put in the context of disease prior probability, yet physicians often exhibit flawed probabilistic reasoning. Difficulties in making a diagnosis are reflected in the high rates of deadly and costly diagnostic errors. Introduced 6 decades ago, computerized diagnosis support systems are still not widely used by internists. These systems cannot efficiently recognize patterns and are unable to consider the base rate of potential diagnoses. We review the limitations of current computer-aided diagnosis support systems. We then portray future diagnosis support systems and provide a conceptual framework for their development. We argue for capturing physician knowledge using a novel knowledge representation model of the clinical picture. This model (based on structured patient presentation patterns) holds not only symptoms and signs but also their temporal and semantic
ECG Cases blog reviews 7 examples of ECGs of patients presenting to the ED with chest pain, whos ECG were read as normal. Acute ischemia, subtle occlusion, on EM Cases
An ultrasonic imaging system and method acquire fundamental mode and harmonic mode ultrasonic image signals with a transducer from a subject under examination. These image signals are then combined to form a composite image. This composite image includes two lateral edgefield image regions modulated primarily as a function of the fundamental mode ultrasonic image signals, and a centerfield image region modulated primarily as a function of the harmonic mode image signals. In this way, improved image quality can be obtained throughout the imaged field of view.
MEDICAL & PHARMA MA TERIALS R2R Converting Converting platforms for the production of disposable, medical diagnostic devices By John Dillon, vice president of marketing; and Paul Johnson, rotary applications engineer, Preco, Inc. Introduction arket demand for instant-result and low-cost in-vitro medical, disposable diagnostic devices continues to grow rapidly - and for good reason. Self-monitoring, near-care and point-of-care medical diagnostic devices offer the ability to quickly diagnose and provide actionable information to the patient or health care provider in minimal time. In addition to existing diagnostic test strips, advanced technology micro-fluidic devices can perform complex sample preparation and provide the results without the need of a central laboratory (see Figure 1). These new devices offer many advantages by providing remote diagnostic capabilities - such as in an ambulance, clinic, emergency room or even in a retail environment - without sending the sample to a central lab ...
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By NICHOLAS PETRICK, PhD. Lets start by defining CAD, since the acronym can have various meanings including computer-aided detection, computer-aided diagnosis, computer-aided display, computer-assist device among others. In this article, Ill use CAD to refer to the general class of computer-assist devices (CADs) defined as a computer algorithm used in combination with an imaging system to aid the clinician in detecting or classifying disease [1]. This includes computer-aided detection (CADe), a computerized system that marks or highlights portions of an image that may reveal abnormalities, and CADx, a computerized system that provides an assessment of disease in terms of likelihood of presence, type, stage, or other characteristic. It is important to understand that CADs dont detect or diagnose disease. The premise of CADs is that information produced by the clinician and by the computer system are somewhat complementary. The contribution of CAD stems from the ability of a clinician to sort ...
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University and Siberian State Medical University are developing an early diagnosis system for neurodegenerative disorders. The diagnosis system is based on virtual reality (VR) - a person is immersed in a virtual environment to carry out some functional tests. Researchers vary the parameters of the virtual environment and record changes in the persons movements.
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SPORTING EVENT WAGERING | SYSTEM FOR CONSTRUCTING STOPPED VEHICLE-INFRASTRUCTURE COMMUNICATION NETWORK | VEHICLE DIAGNOSIS SYSTEM AND METHOD | VEHICLE DIAGNOSIS SYSTEM AND METHOD | MOBILE PHONE VOICE-BASED AUTOMOBILE DIAGNOSTICS METHOD |
With the U.S. facing crippling shortages of a critical isotope used in nuclear medical diagnostic imaging, a panel of energy and medical experts urged Congress on Wednesday to speed up efforts to create a domestic supply of molybdenum-99 made from low-enrichment uranium sources.
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Li, H.,Lim, J.H.,Liu, J.,Mitchell, P.,Tan, A.G.,Wang, J.J.,Wong, T.Y. (2010). A computer-aided diagnosis system of nuclear cataract. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 57 (7) : 1690-1698. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2010.2041454 ...
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please accept our apologies for cross-posting] ========================================== Call For Papers - Special Issue Submission Due Date: June 30, 2010 Special Issue On Medical Diagnosis Systems Guest Editors: - Alejandro Rodr guez-Gonz lez (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain) - Miguel Angel Mayer (Barcelona Medical Association, Spain) Introduction ,From the early 1970s, several diagnosis systems were introduced to assist physicians in the diagnosis process. Most of these systems were focused on concrete artificial intelligence techniques related to statistics and probabilistic-like Bayesian networks, probabilistic reasoning, and so forth. Today, there are several new artificial intelligence techniques that can be fully exploited to help the research and development of clinical decision support systems oriented to diagnosis. This diagnosis process can be of several types depending on the scope that appears to be covered: from the diagnosis of very concrete pathologies to the diagnosis ...
0101]Medical diagnostic devices that can be used in the diagnostic methods and corresponding medical diagnostic systems of the present invention, are devices that allow real-time or near real-time determination/testing of the presence and/or concentration of analytes and/or real-time or near real-time determination/testing of sample conditions, for example, coagulation state of a blood sample. Suitable medical diagnostic devices and testing methods using the medical diagnostic devices of the present invention are described in the following patent applications, which are herewith incorporated by reference in their entirety: U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/952,143, filed Jul. 26, 2007 by Thomas Jay Lowery, Jr. et al; U.S. application Ser. No. 11/513,503, filed Aug. 31, 2006 by W. David Lee (now U.S. Pat. No. 7,564,245, issued Jul. 1, 2009); U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/857,742, filed Nov. 8, 2006 by W. David Lee et al (now Ser. No. 12/514,250); U.S. Provisional Application No. ...
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By Martin Ficken, DVM, PhD. Recently, one dead, female, Cream Legbar chicken was presented to the Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) in Gonzales for necropsy. The bird had excellent feathering, was in good post-mortem condition, and weighed 1.06 kilograms.. Upon gross examination, mild breast muscle atrophy was present.The liver was enlarged approximately five times normal size and contained small white coalescing foci interpreted as neoplastic cells (Figure 1). The spleen was of normal size, but contained similar white foci.The kidney contained a nodular mass in the middle of the right renal chain that measured approximately 2 cm in diameter (Figure 2).The bursa contained a nodular mass that measured approximately 1 cm in diameter (Figure 3).The right lung was diffusely congested and edematous.All other systems contained no significant lesions.. Microscopic sections of liver were characterized by numerous coalescing foci of a uniform population of lymphoblasts that had ...
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PubMed journal article The Argos project: The development of a computer-aided detection system to improve detection of Barretts neoplasia on white light endoscop were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
An object is to provide an internal abnormality diagnosis method, an internal abnormality diagnosis system and a decision tree generation method for internal abnormality diagnosis of an oil-filled ele
Prostate cancer (CaP) is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy after skin cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related to male deaths after lung cancer. In the UAE, a recent study by the Health Authority of Abu Dhabi revealed that CaP is the third most common cancer in the UAE, affecting around 313 males out of every 100,000 of the population, making it the fourth most prevalent form of disease in among men in the UAE. Early and accurate detection will allow clinicians to initiate early intervention and appropriate treatment at earlier stages. Thus, it can potentially decrease the mortality rate of CaP. In addition, it is estimated that early detection of CaP using invasive MRI-based systems will reduce the diagnostic costs by 90%, benefiting patients, payers, and, in a bundled payment system, providers as well. This research will also bring more awareness about the importance of early prostate cancer screening.. Most of the MRI-based computer-aided diagnosis systems proposed so far, ...
Various strategies can be used in the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. This study investigates the relevance of anamnestic and clinical findings for the diagnosis of the bleeding source. The authors introduced a computer-aided diagnostic system using Bayes theorem and compared it with clinicians predictions using anamnestic and clinical findings only. There was no difference in the overall accuracy rates, but a difference was observed in the diagnostic behaviors of the two systems. In addition, the discriminatory ability of the computer-aided system, the sharpness of the predictions obtained, and the reliability of the posterior probabilities were analyzed. It is concluded that the clinician and the computer-aided system are not able to discriminate well between the disease categories. Derived classification matrices and probability-based measures show the reasons for the inadequacy of diagnostic information obtainable from the clinical history and physical findings. ...
Systems, methods and computer program products for the generation and management of knowledge base data to support automated e-health diagnosis systems are disclosed. Such systems, methods and computer program products provide the ability for a subject matter expert, without computer programming skills, to generate a knowledge base consisting of XML code that may be integrated into an automated e-health diagnosis system in order to provide real-time decision support. The subject matter expert may use the present invention, for example, to identify the symptoms that are relevant to a particular diagnosis, weigh symptoms relative to a given diagnosis, detail the rationale for particular decisions, and provide detailed treatment recommendations with regard to each individual diagnosis. The output of this tool may be an XML knowledge base that may be integrated, in a plug and play fashion, with the e-health diagnosis system.
Ocular images play an essential role in ophthalmological diagnoses. Having an imbalanced dataset is an inevitable issue in automated ocular diseases diagnosis; the scarcity of positive samples always tends to result in the misdiagnosis of severe patients during the classification task. Exploring an effective computer-aided diagnostic method to deal with imbalanced ophthalmological dataset is crucial. In this paper, we develop an effective cost-sensitive deep residual convolutional neural network (CS-ResCNN) classifier to diagnose ophthalmic diseases using retro-illumination images. First, the regions of interest (crystalline lens) are automatically identified via twice-applied Canny detection and Hough transformation. Then, the localized zones are fed into the CS-ResCNN to extract high-level features for subsequent use in automatic diagnosis. Second, the impacts of cost factors on the CS-ResCNN are further analyzed using a grid-search procedure to verify that our proposed system is robust and efficient.
With the help of different diagnostic imaging techniques in Grant LA 70644, the doctors may identify the cause of a disease or injury. These diagnostic machines in Grant LA 70644 are also helpful for doctors or physicians in ensuring if a diagnosis is appropriate or not. The diagnostic methods in Grant LA 70644 may comprise magnetic resource imaging (MRI), x-rays and Computed Tomography or CT scans.. The techniques help physicians in Grant LA 70644 see whats happening inside the body of the patients. The doctor becomes able to locate your bones, nerves, muscles and other organs on the x-ray image. These images let the health specialists identify any kind of internal body problem or abnormality.. X-rays or Radiographs. Radiograph is one among those techniques of imaging that are most prevalent in all the areas of the medical field. The part of the patients body that needs to be examined is placed between the machine and the photographic film. Electromagnetic waves pass through the body and the ...
Diagnostic Tests Written by Olivia Zoph Doctor Know features an array of diagnostic tests drawn from real-world practice and cutting-edge research. Some of these tools have been in use for decades. Others are have just come to market. And many are still in research labs but promise to transform medicine in the coming decade. Click on the headings below to see more information about each diagnostic test. Explore them all! [accordion collapsed]
ROCKVILLE, Md., Sept. 28, 2018 - CASI Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (CASI), a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to the development and delivery of high quality, cost-effective pharmaceutical products and innovative therapeutics to patients in the U.S., China and throughout the world, announces the appointment of George Chi to the position of Chief Financial Officer. Dr. Wei-Wu He, Executive Chairman of CASI Pharmaceuticals, commented, Im very pleased to announce Georges appointment and welcome him to CASI. George joins us at an opportune time as our company prepares for the marketing and sales of our first oncology product in China. He will be integral to help transition the Companys financial operations to commercial stage as we launch EVOMELA® and other additional products from our pipeline.. Dr. He continued, George had been the key accountable person responsible for financial controls and regulatory filings in global companies with multiple divisions commercializing products in many ...
Symptomology cannot be trusted alone, especially if a person is presenting with just a few and vague symptoms.. An objective means of diagnosing a disease should be made. Objectivity would most certainly need empirical measurements and comparisons. This would then provide an accurate measurement that can be compared against any given standard. With medical diagnostic equipment, doctors are given an accurate and objective tool which could allow them to appropriately diagnose conditions.. Medical diagnostic equipment allows doctors to get measurements of things like blood pressure and eye pressure. They help to provide data as to why someone is not feeling well, establishing an accurate measurement of things like red blood cells, plasma, electrolytes, etc. Finally, it will allow them to view any microorganism that might be attacking the body of a patient.. The equipment also allows doctors to see areas of the body that cannot be seen with the naked eye. Equipment like x-rays enable the doctors to ...
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This study will develop and evaluate new techniques for computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) of medical problems using images from diagnostic tests such as computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, nuclear medicine and x-ray images. The Food and Drug Administration has approved CAD techniques for detecting masses and calcifications on mammography and lung nodules using chest x-rays. Many other applications of CAD would potentially benefit patients. This study will explore additional uses of CAD.. The study will use imaging data, demographic information, and other medical information from the medical charts of Clinical Center patients to test and evaluate new CAD applications. Such applications include detection of subcutaneous (under the skin) lesions in melanoma patients, bone lesions in patients with advanced cancer, and pulmonary emboli (blood clot lodged in a lung artery) in patients who are known to have pulmonary emboli, and other uses. ...
Computer-aided detection (CAD) software can be used to help radiologists address the ever-increasing number of images that need interpretation. With advancem...
A system and method for measuring and analyzing locomotion is provided. The system may include a gait analysis apparatus that is configured to provide multi-dimensional measurements of the gait of an individual as the individual traverses the apparatus. The multiple dimensions may include force, space, time, and frequency. The gait analysis apparatus may be configured to provide a gait measurement processing device with the multi-dimensional measurements. Based on the multi-dimensional measurements, the gait measurement processing device may, for example, diagnose the test subject with a particular NM disease and/or injury, monitor progression of the particular NM disease and/or injury over time, and determine which measurements may be used as biomarkers to identify the particular NM disease and/or injury.
Advanced AutoSet™: ResMeds AutoSet™ For Her is proven to provide effective therapy at the lowest pressure levels, on a breath by breath basis throughout the night. The updated algorithm for women takes into account the higher instances of flow limitation, often seen in women with sleep apnea, and tailors therapy pressure levels as needed . AutoSet For Her monitors your breathing and when it detects flow limitations, it gently increases pressure until the event has cleared. After an event AutoSet For Her decreases pressure again to improve overall sleep comfort. In addition, AirSense 10 AutoSet For Her can distinguish between obstructive and central apneas so you can rest assured that you are getting the appropriate therapy for your changing needs throughout the night.. ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Integrating PROMIS® computerized adaptive tests into a web-based intervention for prostate cancer. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
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Learn how your lab can do a genome-phenome analysis to analyze a panel, whole exome or genome using automated comparison to a curated database of known phenotypes. The full power of clinical diagnostic decision support software is integrated with genome analysis to rapidly identify the causative genes and variants for all known Mendelian disorders. The results of NIH-funded studies of this approach will be shared. The Genome-Phenome Analyzer and its curated knowledge enable all its users to do the correlation in ,5-seconds, accurately and cost effectively.. Learning Objectives: ...
Purpose: A novel approach to a computer aided diagnosis system for the Parkinsons disease is proposed. This tool is intended as a supporting tool for physicians, based on fully automated methods that lead to the classification of{sup 123}I-ioflupane SPECT images. Methods: {sup 123}I-ioflupane images from three different databases are used to train the system. The images are intensity and spatially normalized, then subimages are extracted and a 3D gray-level co-occurrence matrix is computed over these subimages, allowing the characterization of the texture using Haralick texture features. Finally, different discrimination estimation methods are used to select a feature vector that can be used to train and test the classifier. Results: Using the leave-one-out cross-validation technique over these three databases, the system achieves results up to a 97.4% of accuracy, and 99.1% of sensitivity, with positive likelihood ratios over 27. Conclusions: The system presents a robust feature extraction ...
After hearing for several decades that computers will soon be able to assist with difficult diagnoses, the practicing physician may well wonder why the revolution has not occurred. Skepticism at this point is understandable. Few, if any, programs currently have active roles as consultants to physicians. The story behind these unfulfilled expectations is instructive and, we believe, offers hope for the future.. Research on computer-aided diagnosis began in the 1960s with high hopes that difficult clinical problems might yield to mathematical formalisms. Most work therefore centered on the application of flow charts, Boolean algebra, pattern matching, and decision analysis to the diagnostic process. Except in extremely narrow clinical domains, each of these techniques proved to have little or no practical value. Most observers came to believe that for a program to have expert capability, it must in some fashion mimic the behavior of experts. Early work on computer-aided diagnosis was thus largely ...
Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation (TMSC), a subsidiary of Toshiba Corporation, is a provider of medical diagnostic systems and comprehensive medical solutions. The companys product portfolio include computed tomography systems, magnetic…
The Lung Nodule Database Consortium (LIDC) is a joint initiative among five institutions providing a dataset for researchers to conduct analysis and develop techniques to advance the state-of-art computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) and detection (CADe) of lung nodules using Computed Tomography (CT) scans. The dataset contains 1,018 patient CT series in which 2,669 nodules are identified, outlined and rated by up to four radiologists. Radiologists provide 5-point scale ratings for 8 intermediate semantic characteristics and a malignancy rating. The complex structure of this dataset provides opportunities to conduct compelling research in Image Processing and Analysis, Machine Learning, and Data Mining, solving problems relevant beyond the medical domain.. ...
Issa Yusuf, MD, PA aims to deliver healthcare with results. We have a patient-oriented philosophy of healthcare which employs an aggressive, direct and proactive approach to well-being and living; an uncommon physician-patient relationship of shared goals and shared responsibility towards better health. We offer premium patient care that evolves from a culture of research, knowledge, and highly personalized attention - all of this serving as foundation for our state-of-the-art equipment and facilities. Most importantly, we provide care with a very personal touch. We offer evaluations, assessment and treatment of an array of symptoms, complaints and diagnoses. Our expertise and resources uniquely enables us to deliver comprehensive assessment through clinical exam and use of state of the art medical diagnostic equipment. This provides for a very satisfying healthcare experience in one location. We practice internal medicine in a professional, caring and personal way. The assessments, evaluations and
Ahwatukee Animal Care Hospital 10855 South 48th Street Phoenix AZ 85044 One of the most common and valuable medical diagnostic tools is radiography, or x-rays. X-rays are highly useful for screening areas of the body that have contrasting tissue densities or when evaluating solid tissues. Our hospital is equipped to perform routine radiology services to identify many types of illness or injury when pets are sick or suffer a trauma. X-rays can be used to detect a variety of ailments, including arthritis, tumors, bladder and kidney stones, and lung abnormalities, including pneumonia. They are also used to evaluate bone damage, organ integrity, and to identify foreign objects that may have been ingested. Dental radiographs will help to distinguish between healthy teeth and those that may need to be extracted. Dental radiographs also help identify any abnormalities beneath the gum line, including root damage, tumors, and abscesses. Our veterinarians may recommend x-rays as a part of a diagnostic
It is a package intended for creating integrated expandable medical images storage, in order to store large amounts of data obtained from the different medical diagnostic equipment. It provides long-term medical study storage. ...
A Traumatic Brain Injury can be a nightmare if not treated properly. Treating such condition in an effective and fast manner is important. But equally important is getting the right diagnoses. This required the most advanced and hi end medical diagnostic instruments and equally experience doctor and operator. Getting experience and knowledgeable Neurological Surgeons is like winning half the battle over serious brain injuries. But finding one is not always an easy task. Thus in such a scenario these medical institutions play a vital role. They not only provide with the most eligible doctors and surgeons but also offer the most suitable treatments and after care for such patients ...
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology is a revolutionary innovation which enables scientists to rapidly generate large amounts of genetic material from a slight trace which would otherwise be too small to analyze. With applications in both research and diagnostics, PCR is becoming a standard procedure in biotechnology and medical diagnostic laboratories. This book is an introduction and guide to the new technology, covering the basic methodologies and their applications in research and medicine, emphasizing practical aspects. Each chapter is written by pioneers in the field and most include detailed protocols and favorite PCR recipes. Students and researchers in all areas of biotechnology and molecular biology will find this book the introduction to PCR theyve been looking for.
An article published in the Journal of Biomedical Optics (JBO), Point-of-care, multispectral, smartphone-based dermascopes for dermal lesion screening and erythema monitoring, shows that standard smartphone technology can be adapted to image skin lesions, providing a low-cost, accessible medical diagnostic tool for skin cancer.
Portland-based medical diagnostic enterprise Hemex Health has partnered with technology company Tata Elxsi on product design and engineering of its latest Lab-in-a-Box device used for diagnosis of malaria and sickle cell diseases
CLINICAL CENTERS FOR THE ANGIOGRAPHIC TRIAL IN WOMEN NIH GUIDE, Volume 21, Number 43, November 27, 1992 RFP AVAILABLE: NHLBI-HV-92-43 P.T. 34, II Keywords: Clinical Trial Cardiovascular Diseases Medical/Diagnostic Imaging Hormones National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute The primary objective of this project is to assess whether or not interventions that modify lipoproteins will inhibit progression and induce regression of coronary plaques in women; the secondary objective is to elucidate the mechanisms by which various treatments may modify atherosclerosis in women. The study will consist of three randomized angiographic trials with a common core protocol and a single Clinical Coordinating Center. Angiographic changes will be primary endpoints of all three trials. A total of 568 women with angiographically documented coronary artery disease will be enrolled to participate in one of three randomized therapeutic trials: (1) Hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women; (2) ...
In-Common Laboratories (ICL) is a not-for-profit Canadian provider and broker of medical laboratory testing working with hospital and other clients and suppliers to support patient care. ICL, formerly HICL, supplies medical diagnostic lab testing. ICL offers logistics management, electronic interface and interchange, privacy, and quality assurance (QA) for clients including hospitals, researchers, clinical trials and occupational health via medical lab tests.
The MU Research Reactor (MURR) has been a crucial component to research at the university for more than 40 years. Scientists from across campus use the 10-megawatt facility to not only provide crucial radioisotopes for clinical settings globally, but also to carbon date artifacts, improve medical diagnostic tools and prevent illness ...
We have produce gamma camera systems since 1983 for the complete nuclear medical market of the nuclear medical diagnostic. We provide for the discriminating and price sensitive market. All our gamma camera system are remanufactured* according to current medical and technical requirements. The experience and the know-how since more than 25 years form the development of our data and image processing unit Scintron. This diagnostic prospects are also available for the veterinary market.
Catt, Mark; Hirst, Graeme (1990). "An intelligent CALI system for grammatical error diagnosis". Computer Assisted Language ... Catt, Mark (1988). "Intelligent diagnosis of ungrammaticality in computer-assisted language instruction" (PDF). Technical ... Catt and Catt & Hirst created a model of grammaticality based around a computer program developed for computer-assisted ... The sentence appears on a computer monitor word-by-word. After each word, participants were asked to choose if the sentence is ...
Fagelman, D; Warhit, JM; Reiter, JD; Geiss, AC (June 1984). "CT diagnosis of fecaloma". Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography ... Mineral oil enemas can assist by lubricating the stool for easier passage. In cases where enemas fail to remove the impaction, ...
Manual Versus Computer-Assisted Measurement Using Seven Different Techniques". J Spinal Disord Tech. 17 (5): 372-9. doi:10.1097 ... Precise diagnosis is done by looking at a complete medical history, physical examination and other tests of the patient. X-rays ... Manual Versus Computer-Assisted Measurement Using Seven Different Techniques". J Spinal Disord Tech. 17 (5): 372-9.. ... Norbert Boos, Max Aebi (2008). Spinal Disorders: Fundamentals of Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer Science & Business Media. ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 23 (5): 670-7. doi:10.1097/00004728-199909000-00004. PMID 10524843. Sugiyama M, Hagi H ... The diagnosis is suspected based on a combination of blood tests, medical imaging, endoscopy, and sometimes surgical ... Patel AH, Harnois DM, Klee GG, LaRusso NF, Gores GJ (January 2000). "The utility of CA 19-9 in the diagnoses of ... Some authors have suggested that MRCP should supplant ERCP in the diagnosis of biliary cancers, as it may more accurately ...
Computer-assisted diagnosis devices have been developed that analyze images from a dermatoscope or spectroscopy and can be used ... "Computer-assisted diagnosis techniques (dermoscopy and spectroscopy-based) for diagnosing skin cancer in adults". The Cochrane ... Diagnosis[edit]. Diagnosis is by biopsy and histopathological examination.[3] Non-invasive skin cancer detection methods ... From 1982 to 2007 melanoma diagnoses increased by around 50%. From 1998 to 2007, GP consultations to treat non-melanoma skin ...
Adlassnig KP (July 1980). "A fuzzy logical model of computer-assisted medical diagnosis" (PDF). Methods of Information in ... BlueDot Clinical decision support system Computer-aided diagnosis Computer-aided simple triage Google DeepMind IBM Watson ... AI can assist in caring for patients remotely by monitoring their information through sensors. A wearable device may allow for ... The use of AI is predicted to decrease medical costs as there will be more accuracy in diagnosis and better predictions in the ...
"Audio-Visual Tools for Computer-Assisted Diagnosis of Cardiac Disorders". 19th IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems ... From 1993 to 1998, he served as associate department head for computer science of MIT's Electrical Engineering and Computer ... In 1975, he received a doctorate in Computer Science from the University of Toronto. He was a member of the faculty at the ... John Vogel Guttag (born March 6, 1949) is an American computer scientist, professor, and former head of the department of ...
"Computer-Assisted Diagnosis System for Breast Cancer in Computed Tomography Laser Mammography (CTLM)". Journal of Digital ... A computer-aided diagnosis framework containing three main stages, volume of interest (VOI), feature extraction and ... Qi, Jin; Ye, Zhaoxiang (March 2013). "CTLM as an adjunct to mammography in the diagnosis of patients with dense breast". ...
Report on computer-assisted research carried out at the University of Illinois. Teitelbaum O, Benton T, Shah PK, Prince A, ... The system is used in many fields, including dance, physical therapy, animal behavior and early diagnosis of autism. The ... Harries, J.G. Symmetry and notation: regularity and symmetry in notated computer graphics. Computer and Math with Applications ... It was used in the field of graphic and kinetic visual art, and a computer system has been written to plot any movement that ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 23 (5): 670-7. doi:10.1097/00004728-199909000-00004. PMID 10524843.. ... DiagnosisEdit. Micrograph of an intrahepatic, i.e. in the liver, cholangiocarcinoma (right of image); benign hepatocytes are ... However, they may be useful in conjunction with imaging methods in supporting a suspected diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma.[47] ... Patel AH, Harnois DM, Klee GG, LaRusso NF, Gores GJ (January 2000). "The utility of CA 19-9 in the diagnoses of ...
... microscopic devices and computer assisted diagnosis". Biophotonics in Pathology: Pathology at the Crossroads. 185 (Biophotonics ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 9164. pp. 377-384. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-20801-5_41. ISBN 978-3-319-20800-8. Perkins, G.A. ( ... The image detected by the digital camera may be displayed on a monitor or computer. The resolution of TEMs is limited primarily ...
p. 45 Schuler Thomas C (Oct 2004). "Segmental Lumbar Lordosis: Manual Versus Computer-Assisted Measurement Using Seven ... Measurement and diagnosis of lumbar hyperlordosis can be difficult. Obliteration of vertebral end-plate landmarks by interbody ... Subach Brian R (Oct 2004). "Segmental Lumbar Lordosis: Manual Versus Computer-Assisted Measurement Using Seven Different ... p. 769 in: Norbert Boos, Max Aebi (2008). Spinal Disorders: Fundamentals of Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer Science & ...
In computer assisted learning FCMs enable computers to check whether students understand their lessons. In expert systems a few ... In medical applications to model systems, provide diagnosis, develop decision support systems and medical assessment. In ... International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 64 (8): 727. doi:10.1016/j.ijhcs.2006.02.009. William R. Taylor: Lethal ... Fuzzy Methods in Cognitive Diagnosis), Physica-Verlag Heidelberg 1996, ISBN 3-7908-0922-5 W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 24 (6): 829-34. doi:10.1097/00004728-200011000-00001. PMID 11105695. Sotirios H. ... Saravelos; Karen A. Cocksedge; Tin-Chiu Li (2008). "Prevalence and diagnosis of congenital uterine anomalies in women with ...
Tourassi, Georgia (2003). "Computerassisted detection of mammographic masses: A template matching scheme based on mutual ... This includes the use of artificial intelligence in nuclear medicine, as well as computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) in breast ... Tourassi was elected a member of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory committee on computer-aided diagnosis (CAD). ... She works on biomedical informatics, computer-aided diagnosis and artificial intelligence (AI) in health care. Tourassi studied ...
... microscopic devices and computer assisted diagnosis". Biophotonics in Pathology: Pathology at the Crossroads. 185 (Biophotonics ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 9164. pp. 377-384. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-20801-5_41. ISBN 978-3-319-20800-8. .. ... The image detected by the digital camera may be displayed on a monitor or computer. ...
Neuroradiology methods are used in modern neurosurgery diagnosis and treatment. They include computer assisted imaging computed ... As an example, the University of Utah developed a device for computer-aided design / computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) ... computer-assisted surgery, navigated surgery, stereotactic navigation. Similar to a car or mobile Global Positioning System ( ... In 1998 researcher Philip Kennedy implanted the first Brain Computer Interface (BCI) into a human subject. History of tumor ...
Computer-assisted surgery. In computer-assisted surgery pre-operative images such as CT or MRI are registered to intra- ... ISBN 978-3-540-22976-6. Savio A.; Graña M. (2013). "Deformation based feature selection for Computer Aided Diagnosis of ... Proceedings of Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention 2004. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3216: 655- ... Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention - Miccai. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3216: 393-401. doi: ...
This work served as a foundation for the development of computer assisted diagnosis, 3D imaging of tumors and other ...
... by automated sequencing and computer-assisted interpretation: toward mutation mapping of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene". ... Jonsson JJ, Aronovich EL, Braun SE, Whitley CB (Mar 1995). "Molecular diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 24 (6): 829-34. doi:10.1097/00004728-200011000-00001. PMID 11105695. S2CID 26387695. ... "Müllerian Agenesis: Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment". ACOG. Retrieved 2018-01-31. Aittomäki K, Eroila H, Kajanoja P (2001 ... Beales PL, Elcioglu N, Woolf AS, Parker D, Flinter FA (June 1999). "New criteria for improved diagnosis of Bardet-Biedl ... Since this is slightly shorter than older descriptions, it may impact the diagnosis of women with vaginal agenesis or ...
... (CAA), or computerized assisted auscultation, is a digital form of auscultation. It includes the ... In the case of heart murmurs, a suitable gold standard diagnosis would be auscultation-based expert physician diagnosis, ... Computer-aided auscultation is designed to assist health care professionals who perform auscultation as part of their ... Zühlke, Z; Myer L; Mayosi BM (2012). "The promise of computer-assisted auscultation in screening for structural heart disease ...
Clinical routine of diagnosis, patient follow-up, computer assisted surgery, surgical planning etc. are facilitated by accurate ... such as Computer Aided Geometric Design (CAGD), computer graphics, computer animation, computer vision, medical imaging, ... In computer vision and computer graphics, 3D reconstruction is the process of capturing the shape and appearance of real ... "A survey of computer vision-based human motion capture." Computer vision and image understanding 81.3 (2001): 231-268. Hejrati ...
These systems can include the computer-assisted management of a serum library. These analysers must undergo daily controls to ... The companies of in vitro diagnosis henceforth try to sell chains of automats, i.e. a system allowing the automatic transfer of ... Clinical pathology (Medical Laboratory) is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the ... the immunocytochemistry and FISH are also used in order make a correct diagnosis. This stage allows the pathologist to ...
... and other image processing methods with applications to diagnosis, prognosis, and computer-assisted interventions. Alongside ... Medical Image Analysis is an official publication of The Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Interventions Society ... Medical imaging Medical image computing Computer-assisted interventions The MICCAI Society https://www.elsevier.com/journals/ ... The International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, ...
Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention. 17 (Pt 3): 393-400. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10443-0_50. PMC 4467456. ... Diagnosis One example of a combination of biomarkers that can accurately diagnose AD is: Changes in brain atrophy patterns over ... This definitively diagnoses AD by identifying amyloid plaques and tau tangles, and also notes other common comorbidities. Table ... Gorji, H. T.; Haddadnia, J. (2015-10-01). "A novel method for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease based on pseudo Zernike ...
... computer-based seminars, computer-assisted curriculum development, computer-based committees, and computer-based proposal ... These included "drill, skills practice, programmed and dialog tutorials, testing and diagnosis, simulation, gaming, information ... "Computer Assisted Instruction" (CAI) "Computer Based Training" (CBT) "Computer Managed Instruction" (CMI) "Course Management ... The Computer Assisted Learning Center (CALC) founded as a small, offline computer-based, adult learning center. Origins of ...
Another important project appears to have been computer assisted medical diagnosis - a computer-based system to aid physicians ... This allowed the Haifa team to buy their first computer. It was a 5110-a portable computer roughly the size of a suitcase. The ... from medical non-invasive diagnosis projects, to computer-controlled irrigation, scheduling El Al flight crews, and Hebrew ... computer sciences, and applied mathematics in computer applications.[citation needed] At first, the Center said its work was ...
Robotic surgery, Computer-assisted surgery, Stereotactic surgery - uses a three-dimensional coordinate system to locate small ... The invention of CT and ultrasound scanning have enabled the early diagnosis of many non-symptomatic cases. Individuals with ... It involves nonlinear dynamics and has been informed by methods by which computers model brain activity. Neuroscience of free ... Mind uploading - copying brain state into a computer. Supervisory attentional system - a higher level system involved with a ...
... assist physicians in diagnosis and treatment choices; and to boost brain-computer interface (BCI) technology. There are many ... Based on real-time EEG analysis with subject-specific spatial patterns, a brain-computer interface (BCI) can be used to develop ... EEG analysis is widely used in brain-disease diagnosis and assessment. In the domain of epileptic seizures, the detection of ... EEG analysis is exploiting mathematical signal analysis methods and computer technology to extract information from ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 8 (2): 306-316. PMID 6608535.. *^ Vardi, Y.; L. A. Shepp; L. Kaufman (1985). "A ... 11C]PMP is used to map the acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain, which could allow for pre-mortem diagnoses of AD and ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 3 (6): 804-814. doi:10.1097/00004728-197903060-00018. ISSN 0363-8715. PMID 315970.. ... of amyloid plaques in the brains of Alzheimer's patients and could assist clinicians in making a positive clinical diagnosis of ...
diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment or alleviation of disease,. *diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, alleviation of or ... One example of high-risk devices are those with Embedded software such as pacemakers, and which assist in the conduct of ... and a personal computer.[68] These researchers showed they could shut down a combination heart defibrillator and pacemaker and ... Medical equipment (also known as armamentarium[77]) is designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of medical ...
In medicine, FISH can be used to form a diagnosis, to evaluate prognosis, or to evaluate remission of a disease, such as cancer ... Microfluidics-assisted FISH (MA-FISH) uses a microfluidic flow to increase DNA hybridization efficiency, decreasing expensive ... Q-FISH combines FISH with PNAs and computer software to quantify fluorescence intensity. This technique is used routinely in ... The technology has potential applications in cancer diagnosis,[14] neuroscience, gene expression analysis,[15] and companion ...
As of 2017, bereavement is listed as its own diagnosis in the DSM-IV TR, but proposed changes in the DSM-V may impact the way ... For at least 40,000 years, the healing tool was believed to assist in healing "broken bones, muscle tears and illnesses of ... allows relaxation while drawing images like landscapes enhanced by computer generated sounds ... The diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder is generally not given unless the symptoms are still present 2 months after the loss ...
Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention) - Copenhague, 5 de outubro de 2006. Páxs. 65-72.. ... "Metabolic fingerprinting in disease diagnosis: biomedical applications of infrared and Raman spectroscopy". The Analyst 131 ... Developing Bioinformatics Computer Skills. ISBN 1-56592-664-1.. *↑ Attwood T.K., Gisel A., Eriksson N-E. and Bongcam-Rudloff E ... "Behind the Net: The Untold Story of the ARPANET and Computer Science (en inglés). Consultado o 5 de setembro de 2008.. ...
Computers and mobile technologyEdit. Access technology such as screen readers, screen magnifiers and refreshable Braille ... Such software can assist blind people with orientation and navigation, but it is not a replacement for traditional mobility ... "Pediatric, Adult Glaucoma Differ in Management: Patient Populations Not Same, so Diagnosis/clinical Approach Should Reflect ... They use computers with special hardware such as scanners and refreshable Braille displays as well as software written ...
When not properly treated, dysentery can lie dormant for years and lead to hepatic amoebiasis, whose diagnosis was not then ... By 14, he was receiving merit certificates and academic awards that continued throughout his school career, and he assisted the ... Vasavi College of Engineering named its Department of Computer Science and Information Technology "Ramanujan Block". ...
... the use of radiation in medical imaging and diagnosis. Radiation may be prescribed by a radiation oncologist with intent to ... Computer-controlled x-ray accelerators distribute precise radiation doses to malignant tumors or specific areas within the ... the use of assisted reproductive technologies and micromanipulation techniques might increase this risk.[27] ... Treatment planning is generally performed on dedicated computers using specialized treatment planning software. Depending on ...
A euthanaticum is used for euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. Euthanasia is not permitted by law in many countries, and ... One or more of these steps may, but not necessarily, involve computer-aided drug design. ... A substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease. ... introduced in 1981 for the newly created diagnosis of panic disorder, soared.[27] ...
Implantation of loop recorders (implanted ECG recorders for long-term monitoring of ECG to allow for diagnosis of an arrhythmia ... In addition to the apparatus used for a "non-complex" ablation, these procedures often make use of sophisticated computer ... Electrophysiologists work closely with other cardiologists and cardiac surgeons to assist or guide therapy for heart rhythm ... Ablation is usually performed during the same procedure as the electrophysiology study which induces and confirms the diagnosis ...
Diagnosis[edit]. The diagnosis of cerebral palsy has historically rested on the person's history and physical examination. A ... Early use of augmentative and alternative communication systems may assist the child in developing spoken language skills.[32] ... and communication aids such as computers with attached voice synthesisers.[citation needed] A Cochrane review published in 2004 ... The age when CP is diagnosed is important, but medical professionals disagree over the best age to make the diagnosis.[66] The ...
Computer use today involves a broad ability which includes but isn't limited to physician diagnosis and documentation, patient ... "The COACH prompting system to assist older adults with dementia through handwashing: an efficacy study". BMC Geriatrics. 8: 28 ... MGH - Laboratory of Computer Science *^ Edwin D. Reilly (2003). Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology. ... Worldwide use of computer technology in medicine began in the early 1950s with the rise of the computers.[41] In 1949, Gustav ...
Clinical decision support systems are interactive computer programs designed to assist health professionals with decision- ... Concepts related to diagnosis[edit]. Sub-types of diagnoses include: Clinical diagnosis. A diagnosis made on the basis of ... Computer-aided diagnosis. Providing symptoms allows the computer to identify the problem and diagnose the user to the best of ... The plural of diagnosis is diagnoses. The verb is to diagnose, and a person who diagnoses is called a diagnostician. The word ...
Computer scienceEdit. In computer science an in situ operation is one that occurs without interrupting the normal state of a ... The most common type of in situ petroleum production is referred to as SAGD (steam-assisted gravity drainage) this is becoming ... It has tremendous applications for cancer treatment, vaccination, diagnosis, regenerative medicine, and therapies for loss-of- ... "IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. 23 (1): 461-470. doi:10.1109/TVCG.2016.2598608. PMID 27875162. ...
This nitric oxide transport to peripheral tissues is hypothesized to assist oxygen transport in tissues, by releasing ... brain computer interface, urology (bladder contraction), neurology (Neurovascular coupling) and more. ... New hemoglobin type causes mock diagnosis with pulse oxymeters. *Animation of hemoglobin: from deoxy to oxy form ...
In 1984, a group of high school students participated in a mini course in computer science and tried out the geometry tutor ... and then assist the student at the exact time that the help is required. Further, the cognitive tutor can customize exercises ... and to perform diagnosis of students' knowledge and select optimal pedagogical strategies. Based on the data gained from domain ... He suggests that teachers use it in a computer lab environment or during classes. In its more current versions, cognitive ...
There are many uses for MEG, including assisting surgeons in localizing a pathology, assisting researchers in determining the ... A computer uses the data gathered by the sensors to create multicolored 2- or 3-dimensional images that show where the compound ... Early diagnosis of certain types of stroke is increasingly important in neurology, since substances which dissolve blood clots ... As well as research on healthy subjects, fMRI is increasingly used for the medical diagnosis of disease. Because fMRI is ...
Wong TY, Knudtson MD, Klein R, Klein BE, Meuer SM, Hubbard LD (2004). "Computer assisted measurement of retinal vessel ... Diagnosis[edit]. A number of different instruments are available for the diagnosis of diseases and disorders affecting the ... Computers operate on a single floating point number that is essentially constant from each input pixel. (The computer pixel is ... Azzopardi G.; Petkov N. (2011). Detection of retinal vascular bifurcations by trainable V4-like filters, in Computer Analysis ...
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, or MALDI-TOF MS, has specifically been ... and in numerous applied fields such as medical diagnosis, biotechnology, forensic biology, virology and biological systematics ... "A strategy of DNA sequencing employing computer programs". Nucleic Acids Research. 6 (7): 2601-10. doi:10.1093/nar/6.7.2601 ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 2010 May-June; 34(3):440-445. ... Diagnosis[edit]. Once suspected, intracranial aneurysms can be diagnosed radiologically using magnetic resonance or CT ... Bhidayasiri, Roongroj; Waters, Michael F.; Giza, Christopher C. (2005). Neurological differential diagnosis : a prioritized ... The determination of whether an aneurysm is ruptured is critical to diagnosis. Lumbar puncture (LP) is the gold standard ...
"Recent News - Program of Computer Graphics". www.graphics.cornell.edu.. *^ Kayumov L, Casper RF, Hawa RJ, Perelman B, Chung SA ... "Diagnosis and management of dementia with Lewy bodies: Fourth consensus report of the DLB Consortium". Neurology (Review). 89 ... "Phytomelatonin: assisting plants to survive and thrive". Molecules. 20 (4): 7396-437. doi:10.3390/molecules20047396. PMC ...
The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery (Interscience.wiley.com) ... Prenatal Diagnosis (Interscience.wiley.com). *Professional Case Management (página oficial). *Psychiatric Genetics (página ... West African Journal of Assisted Reproduction ([7]). Anestesiologia[editar , editar código-fonte]. *Acta Anaesthesiologica ...
... in plasma or serum to confirm a diagnosis of poisoning in hospitalized victims or in whole blood to assist in a forensic ... After tablets came "computer acid" or "blotter paper LSD," typically made by dipping a preprinted sheet of blotting paper into ... LSD-Assisted Psychotherapy "LSD-Assisted Psychotherapy". Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2017 ... "LSD & Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy for Anxiety". Archived from the original on May 11, 2018. Retrieved October 16, 2013.. ...
Developers may use computer-assisted testing frameworks, commonly collectively named xUnit (which are derived from SUnit, ... up may make it difficult to diagnose test failures by deleting the final state of the database before detailed diagnosis can be ...
Wachter, Robert (2015). The Digital Doctor: Hope, Hype, and Harm at the Dawn of Medicine's Computer Age. New York, NY: McGraw ... "Google will help your self-diagnosis with new symptom search". The Verge. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2018.. ... The data is extremely helpful to assist the integration of AI in healthcare because it ensures the execution of complex tasks, ... Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a program that enables computers to sense, reason, act and adapt. AI is not new, but it is ...
Other uses include assisting with differentiating causes of abdominal pain such as gallstones and kidney stones. Emergency ... Once signal processing in each pixel completed, a color spatial map of the parameter is displayed on a computer monitor, ... Kearon, Clive; Julian, JA; Newman, TE; Ginsberg, JS (1998). "Noninvasive Diagnosis of Deep Venous Thrombosis". Annals of ... Echocardiography is an essential tool in cardiology, assisting in evaluation of heart valve function, such as stenosis or ...
"New Insight for the Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease". Mediators Inflamm. 2014: 701013. doi ... Brain-computer interface. *Electroencephalography. *Mind uploading *Brain-reading. *Neuroinformatics. *Neuroprosthetics *Bionic ...
Goldstein I, Meston CM, Davis S, Traish A (17 November 2005). Women's Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Study, Diagnosis and ... This also serves to assist the uterus in clotting the placental attachment point postpartum. However, in knockout mice lacking ... Subjects who were told they were interacting with a computer showed no such reaction, leading to the conclusion that oxytocin ...
Apps such as Oticon ON for certain iOS (Apple) and Android devices can assist in locating a lost/misplaced hearing aid.[31] ... Computer programs that allow the creation of a hearing aid using a PC, tablet or smartphone are currently gaining in popularity ... so cannot be a basis for diagnosis. ... The first stage - the widespread usage of computer simulation ... IWK, Internationales Wissenschaftliches Kolloquium (Computer science meets automation Ilmenau 10.) Vol. 2 Ilmenau : TU Ilmenau ...
Computer-assisted printer error diagnosis. January, 2003. Teres. 20090034879. METHOD OF ENABLING INTERACTIVITY TO BE CONFERRED ... 0017] A computer-assisted method for diagnosing a malfunction in the printer system is set forth in the flow diagram of FIG. 3 ... Although the computer system of FIG. 1. is depicted as a personal computer, a skilled artisan will immediately appreciate that ... 1. A computer-implemented method for diagnosing a malfunction in a printer system using a computer system comprising a ...
US6553356B1 - Multi-view computer-assisted diagnosis - Google Patents. Multi-view computer-assisted diagnosis Download PDF Info ... Computer-aided detection and diagnosis in mammography. Sluimer et al. 2003. Computer‐aided diagnosis in high resolution CT of ... Multi-view computer-assisted diagnosis Applications Claiming Priority (1). Application Number. Priority Date. Filing Date. ... US09/471,334 1999-12-23 1999-12-23 Multi-view computer-assisted diagnosis Expired - Fee Related US6553356B1 (en) Priority ...
A computer-assisted diagnosis system to automatically assess pleural thickenings has been developed, which includes not only a ... Through this added information, an enhancement to the existing computer-assisted diagnosis system is presented in order to ... Automated anatomical description of pleural thickening towards improvement of its computer-assisted diagnosis Author(s): ... Medical Imaging 2016: Computer-Aided Diagnosis. Georgia D. Tourassi; Samuel G. Armato III, Editor(s) ...
What is Computer Assisted Diagnosis? Meaning of Computer Assisted Diagnosis medical term. What does Computer Assisted Diagnosis ... Looking for online definition of Computer Assisted Diagnosis in the Medical Dictionary? Computer Assisted Diagnosis explanation ... Computer Assisted Diagnosis , definition of Computer Assisted Diagnosis by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary. ... a href=https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Computer+Assisted+Diagnosis,Computer Assisted Diagnosis,/a,. * ...
High-Precision Diagnosis with Our R2 Computer Assisted Diagnosis Program. You do not have to undergo the stressful stretch of ... With our R2 computer assisted detection system, your breast screening will produce a definitive diagnosis. We will be able to ... If you have a lesion or a lump in your breast tissue, reach out for a computer assisted diagnosis of breast cancer with us ... Home » Services » Breast Center » Breast Center Diagnostic Services » Computer Assisted Diagnosis for Breast Cancer ...
Computer-assisted functional diagnosis. Discover progress in gnathology 1981 we have already proven our excellence of ... Today, with the knowledge and experience of 30 years of developing computer-assisted registration systems and the ambition to ... innovation as a leading company of dental functional diagnosis by lauching the world-first electronic measuring system for ...
The computer assisted system for stenosis diagnosis with representation of vessel running of coronary arteriograms. Research ... vessel following / coronary arterial measurement / diagnosis assistance / medial image processing. Research Abstract. The ...
... diagnosis method and system are provided for assisting diagnosis of abnormalities in digital medical images using diagnosis ... A computer-assisted diagnosis system for assisting diagnosis of abnormalities in a digital medical image, comprising:. a memory ... A mark-free computer-assisted diagnosis method and system are provided for assisting diagnosis of abnormalities in digital ... A mark-free computer-assisted diagnosis method and system are provided for assisting diagnosis of abnormalities in digital ...
Computer-assisted diagnosis for skin cancer: have we been outsmarted?. Title. Computer-assisted diagnosis for skin cancer: have ... Imaging, Diagnosis and Staging. Access ESMO scientific and educational resources on this topic ... ESMO has developped factsheets of validated biomarkers designed to assist you in your daily practice. They give statements on ... ESMO has developed a set of organ-specific tools designed to assist oncologists in their daily practice. ...
Computer-Assisted" by people in this website by year, and whether "Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted" was a major or minor topic of ... Computer-Assisted*Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted. *Diagnosis, Computer Assisted. *Computer-Assisted Diagnosis. *Computer Assisted ... "Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH ( ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted" by people in Profiles. ...
8151 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted ... Microscopy, Histology, and Computer-Aided Diagnosis. * A Histology-Based Model of Quantitative T1 Contrast for In-vivo Cortical ... Computer-Aided Diagnosis and Imaging Biomarkers II. * A Multi-task Learning Approach for Compartmental Model Parameter ... Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2013 16th International Conference, Nagoya, Japan, ...
Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CAREN) is appropriate for any person who has problems from a neurological or ... Neurological Diagnosis with Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CAREN) CAREN (Computer Assisted Rehabilitation ... Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CAREN). The Effect of Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CAREN). How ... Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment Works. Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CAREN) and Human Body Model ( ...
... book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art computational intelligence research and technologies in computer ... assisted radiation therapy based on image engineering. It also trac ... Computational anatomy Computer-aided detection Computer-aided differentiation Computer-assisted treatment Image processing ... It also traces major technical advancements and research findings in the field of image-based computer-assisted radiation ...
Computed Tomography in the Diagnosis of Fistula Between the Ureter and Iliac Artery. Baum, Mark L.; Baum, Richard D.; Plaine, ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography.. ... Oxygen-Assisted Breath-Holding in Computed Tomography. Sadatoh, Norihiro; Hatabu, Hiroto; Takahashi, Masashi; More ... CT Diagnosis of Gallbladder Torsion. Merine, Dimitri; Meziane, Moulay; Fishman, Elliot K. ...
MR Diagnosis of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis. Atlas, Scott W.; Grossman, Robert I.; Goldberg, Herbert I.; More ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography.. ... CT Diagnosis of Villous Adenoma. Coscina, William F.; Arger, Peter H.; Herlinger, Hans; More ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 10(5):715-722, September-October 1986. ...
Computer-aided diagnosis system for bone scintigrams from Japanese patients... Computer-aided diagnosis system for bone ... Prognostic value of a computer-aided diagnosis system involving bone scans... Prognostic value of a computer-aided diagnosis ... Diagnostic performance of a computer-assisted diagnosis system for bone scintigraphy of newly developed skeletal metastasis in ... Evaluation of computer-assisted diagnosis system, BONENAVI version 2, for bone scintigraphy in cancer patients in routine ...
Results of search for su:{Diagnosis, Computer-assisted} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently available ...
Sturman, M. F., & Perez, M. (1989). Computer-assisted diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. Comprehensive Therapy, 15(2), 26-35. ... Sturman, M. F. ; Perez, M. / Computer-assisted diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. In: Comprehensive Therapy. 1989 ; Vol. 15, No ... Sturman, MF & Perez, M 1989, Computer-assisted diagnosis of acute abdominal pain, Comprehensive Therapy, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. ... Sturman MF, Perez M. Computer-assisted diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. Comprehensive Therapy. 1989 Jan 1;15(2):26-35. ...
... Machine learning approaches, such as ... Computer Assisted Detection and Diagnosis of Pediatric Pneumonia in Chest X-ray Images. ...
Computer-assisted diagnosis tools to aid pathologists. A research group led by Ohio States Metin Gurcan, Ph.D., has been ... leveraging Ohio Supercomputer Center resources to develop a computer-assisted diagnosis tool to improve grading of a common ... Ohio Supercomputer Center, Sciences Computer Consultants forge alliance to expand offerings to international clients. Two will ... OSC, Nationwide Childrens use supercomputers to speed diagnoses. Partnership also offers visualization to provide personalized ...
Using a computer-assisted symptom-based diagnosis program, it is possible to increase the accuracy of diagnosing asthma in ... Adult; Asthma/*diagnosis/*pathology; *Bronchial Provocation Tests; Bronchodilator Agents/pharmacology; *Diagnosis, Computer- ... Questions were asked and recorded by physicians into a computer program. A definite diagnosis of asthma was made based on a ... PDFChoi-2007-Easy diagnosis of as.pdf 0.09 MB Appears in Collections:. College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) ...
... and clinicians from a wide range of disciplines associated with medical imaging and computer assisted intervention. They are ... Part IV: shape; prediction; detection and localization; machine learning; computer-aided diagnosis; image reconstruction and ... Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2019. Book Subtitle. 22nd International Conference, ... Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2019. 22nd International Conference, Shenzhen, China, ...
Computer Assisted Diagnosis. The virtual examination techniques described herein lend themselves to applications for the ... This use of surface geometry to perform computer assisted diagnosis can be used alone, or in conjunction with the texture-based ... computer assisted diagnosis (CAD) of various conditions. For example, as described above, by examining the geometry of an ... A conventional computer and computer interface (e.g., keyboard, mouse or spaceball) can be used to designate the portion of the ...
AttachmentSize Скачать статью231.43 KB One of the biggest problems in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa), which ... Computer-assisted ultrasonography HistoScanning in the diagnosis of prostate cancer: first experience in Russia Apolihin O.I., ... One of the biggest problems in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa), which distinguishes it from many other solid tumors, is ... Clinical and economic evaluation of prostate cancer screening The combination RSAZ TMPRSS2-ERG in the diagnosis of prostate ...
Fig. 3.91 Example of 3D-rendered view of abdominal contrast-enhanced CT image. Region Growing The process extracts abdominal blood vessels by tracing high- intensity regions on contrast-enhanced CT images. The first step, that of continuous growing of regions from a given starting point, often uses spherical structure elements. Typical growing conditions are based on intensity values. Because abdominal blood vessels have a branching structure, growing conditions considering such branching are also developed.. Blood Vessel Enhancement Filter The diameters of abdominal blood vessels visible on CT vary from 30 mm in size to submillimeter. Because of the partial volume effect, the intensity of small blood vessels is lower. Also, absolute intensity values of small blood vessels become smaller than those of large blood vessels. Thresholding or region-growing methods may fail to detect abdominal blood vessels because of such phenomena. This is the reason for using a blood vessel enhancement filter. ...
One of the biggest problems in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa), which distinguish ... Computer-assisted ultrasonography HistoScanning in the diagnosis of prostate cancer: first experience in Russia ... Computer-assisted ultrasonography HistoScanning in the diagnosis of prostate cancer: first experience in Russia ... One of the biggest problems in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa), which distinguishes it from many other solid tumors, is ...
The first, devoted to classification and diagnosis of craniofacial fractures, includes chapters on ... Diagnosis and Management offers detailed guidance on the diagnosis, surgical planning, and interdisciplinary treatment of ... New developments and the role of computer-assisted treatment planning are discussed in the final section. This manual will ... Craniofacial Trauma, Diagnosis and Management offers detailed guidance on the diagnosis, surgical planning, and ...
computer-assisted) diagnosis; Nonlinear; dimensionality reduction; evidence-based medicine; fMRI; image processing; integration ... The method is validated using the Leave-One-Out-Cross-Validation (LOOCV) accuracy of classifying psychiatric diagnoses using ... greedily select time points in an incremental fashion on training data that was categorised in terms of psychiatric diagnoses. ...
The computer supplies a signal for displaying the position of the tool in the image reference system Ri on a monitor and for ... and a computer for matching the tool reference system Ro with the patient reference system Rp and the image reference system Ri ... Computer-assisted microsurgery equipment, of the type including an articulated tool support, with one of the ends being ... Medical diagnosis, treatment and imaging systems. US6796988. Nov 6, 2001. Sep 28, 2004. Surgical Navigation Technologies, Inc. ...
Brain Diseases / diagnosis* * Diffusion * Humans * Image Processing, Computer-Assisted * Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods* ...
  • Quantitative computer-aided computed tomography analysis of sphenoid sinus anatomical relationships. (rush.edu)
  • Patient's situation at the time of diagnosis of skeletal metastasis, computed tomography (CT) type, extent of disease (EOD), and BS uptake grade were analyzed. (paperity.org)
  • We present a computer-aided detection (CAD) system for computed tomography colonography that orders the polyps according to clinical relevance. (tudelft.nl)
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. (lww.com)
  • 5, 6 Therefore, they can be used to aid in differential diagnosis. (questdiagnostics.com)
  • Publications] Jun Aoki: 'FDG-PET in differential diagnosis and grading of chondrosarcomas'J Computer Assisted Tomography. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Although overlap exists, these patterns are helpful in narrowing the differential diagnosis. (appliedradiology.com)
  • The radiologic differential diagnosis included osteoblastoma and the solid variant of aneurysmal bone cyst. (upmc.edu)
  • Giant cell tumor of the spine, which was also in the radiologic and histopathologic differential diagnosis, usually occurs within the vertebral body. (upmc.edu)
  • Lipid-containing macrophages can occur in both giant cell tumor and PVNS and are, therefore, not helpful in the differential diagnosis (2). (upmc.edu)
  • The radiologic differential diagnosis also included neoplasms of neural origin as well as malignancies, e.g. (upmc.edu)
  • Even if rare, it is important to include this entity in the differential diagnosis of spinal lesions because of its tendency to recur locally (local recurrence rate 18%) (2). (upmc.edu)
  • Our R2 computer-assisted detection service enhances the set of tools available to our radiologists. (jfkmc.org)
  • With our R2 computer assisted detection system, your breast screening will produce a definitive diagnosis. (jfkmc.org)
  • This Gold Standard database has been used for optimization of a computing solution (CADComputer Aided Detection) and for assessment of its added value in order to be used along with an immunologist as a second reader in detection of auto antibodies for autoimmune disease diagnosis. (unipa.it)
  • Recently, an increased use of MRI and CT imaging has contributed to earlier diagnosis through an increased detection of lesions in the pancreas, such as pancreatic cysts, some of which (about 20%) will be cancerous or progress into cancer. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Key challenges in endoscopic tumor diagnosis and therapy consist of the detection and discrimination of malignant tissue as well as the precise navigation of medical instruments. (europa.eu)
  • A computer-assisted model for detection of MRI signs of Crohn's disease activity: Future or fiction? (tudelft.nl)
  • Automatic detection of anatomical structures and regions in 3D medical images is important for several computer aided diagnosis tasks. (spie.org)
  • The present invention concerns computer assisted detection of heart sounds and, in particular, the detection of systolic murmurs. (google.com)
  • These new emerging provide not only anatomic but also functional imaging, allowing detection of small volumes of active tumor at diagnosis and early disease relapse, which may not result in detectable morphological changes at conventional imaging. (hindawi.com)
  • Object detection, segmentation and visual tracking are extremely important problems in both computer vision and medical image analysis. (tum.de)
  • computer-assisted and image-guided interventions. (indigo.ca)
  • Computer Assisted Diagnosis and Interventions. (buffalo.edu)
  • The goal of this multidisciplinary project is to revolutionize clinical endoscopic imaging based on the systematic integration of two new but independant fields of research up until this point: Biophotonics and computer-assisted interventions (COMputational BIOphotonics in endoSCOPY). (europa.eu)
  • In this context, replacement of traditional open surgery procedures with minimally-invasive interventions for tumor diagnosis, staging and therapy represents one of the most important challenges in modern healthcare. (europa.eu)
  • A diagnosis may be the name of a disease with a specific etiology, or one which is only a description of the morphological identity of the disease, a pathoanatomical diagnosis, or be a syndrome which is a description of the total symptomatology, or a single clinical sign. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem. (rush.edu)
  • CAREN (Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment) diagnostic abilities are appropriate for any person who has problems from a neurological or neuromuscular condition remaining after initial diagnosis and treatment. (nydnrehab.com)
  • Purpose The computer-assisted diagnostic system for bone scintigraphy (BS) BONENAVI is used to evaluate skeletal metastasis. (paperity.org)
  • Symptom-based diagnosis of asthma utilizing objective diagnostic parameters and appropriate software would be useful in clinical practice. (snu.ac.kr)
  • Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the diagnostic accuracy of symptom-based diagnosis was high with an area under the curve of 0.647 +/- 0.033. (snu.ac.kr)
  • abstract = "In this paper, are presented the preliminary results of the A.I.D.A. (Auto Immunity: Diagnosis Assisted by computer) project which is developed in the frame of the cross-border cooperation Italy-Tunisia. (unipa.it)
  • A mark-free computer-assisted diagnosis method and system are provided for assisting diagnosis of abnormalities in digital medical images using diagnosis based image enhancement. (google.com.na)
  • Diagnosis is most often based on a compilation of clinical information, family history, data from laboratory testing, and, in some cases, imaging tests. (questdiagnostics.com)
  • This innovative approach to radiation-free real-time imaging will be implemented and evaluated by means of computer-assisted colonoscopy and laparoscopy. (europa.eu)
  • 3,8 Imaging usually facilitates diagnosis, as stroke has typical imaging features at different stages and follows typical topographic patterns. (appliedradiology.com)
  • In summary, the characteristic histopathological features in combination with clinical history and radiologic imaging enabled a diagnosis of PVNS. (upmc.edu)
  • Continuing the close collaboration of pathology, computer sciences and basic as well as translational researchers from SFB824 will allow the Z2 to develop and subsequently provide a broad variety of registration and analysis tools for joint imaging and tissue based image standardization and quantification. (tum.de)
  • We develop two different techniques to study volume mapping problem in Computer Graphics and Medical Imaging fields. (psu.edu)
  • We suggest that 3D harmonic mapping of volume can provide a canonical coordinate system for feature identification and registration for computer animation and medical imaging. (psu.edu)
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (rush.edu)
  • Perez, M. / Computer-assisted diagnosis of acute abdominal pain . (njit.edu)
  • A portable cardiac mapping system is used to improve the accuracy of diagnosis of acute ischaemic injury outside hospital. (biomedsearch.com)
  • For example, take acute kidney injury, which translates into Medicare severity diagnosis-related group (DRG) 683 or 684. (fortherecordmag.com)
  • If the only diagnosis the coder has hung her hat on is acute kidney injury, she may resort to using that as the PD even if, after study, the PD should be "weakness. (fortherecordmag.com)
  • Rehabilitation psychologists provide clinical services in varied healthcare settings, including acute care hospitals, inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation centers, assisted living centers, long-term care facilities, specialty clinics, and community agencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • It interprets these findings if possible up to the point of making a pathoanatomical diagnosis (see above). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It also traces major technical advancements and research findings in the field of image-based computer-assisted radiation therapy. (springer.com)
  • These findings indicate that techniques of blood pressure and heart rate spectral analysis and of dynamic assessment of baroreflex sensitivity may be useful to complement the diagnosis of brain stem death. (bmj.com)
  • Through this added information, an enhancement to the existing computer-assisted diagnosis system is presented in order to assure a higher precision and reproducible assessment of pleural thickenings, aiming at the diagnosis of the pleural mesothelioma in its early stage. (spie.org)
  • 1981 we have already proven our excellence of innovation as a leading company of dental functional diagnosis by lauching the world-first electronic measuring system for recording mandible movements in dental practice. (dentron.com)
  • Computer-assisted microsurgery equipment, of the type including an articulated tool support, with one of the ends being integral with a fixed reference system Rc. (google.com)
  • The computer supplies a signal for displaying the position of the tool in the image reference system R i on a monitor and for controlling the position and shifting of said tool as a function of the control signals from the control unit. (google.com)
  • The aim of this project is to develop and test a computer-assisted navigation system, which combines realtime 3D endoscopic instrument tracking with multimodal (ultrasound-to-MRI/CT) image registration/fusion software, to improve instrument placement accuracy and make performing EUS-guided procedures much easier, quicker, and more reliable. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • A fuzzy logic diagnosis system for classification of pharyngeal dysphagia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The purpose of the present investigation was to develop a fuzzy logic diagnosis system for classification of the patient with pharyngeal dysphagia into four categories of risk for aspiration. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The fuzzy logic diagnosis system, together with the biomechanical measures, provides a tool for continued patient assessment on a daily basis to identify the patient who needs further videofluorography examination. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A fluorescence diagnosis endoscope system used to observe human tissue is provided. (google.ca)
  • 2. The fluorescence diagnosis endoscope system according to claim 1, said output device comprising a selector for selecting at least one of said color image and said fluorescence image for output. (google.ca)
  • A computer-assisted microvessel analysis system was developed to evaluate correlations between the architecture of biopsy specimen microvessels and the outcome for patients with esophageal cancer treated with chemoradiotherapy. (aacrjournals.org)
  • All factors including tumor hotspot MVD counts were analyzed using a computer-assisted image analysis system, with the aim of minimizing intraobserver and interobserver variation in microvessel counting and analysis. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Our work exhibits the importance and viability of a self-improving and user adapting computer-assisted EEG analysis system for diagnosing epilepsy which processes each channel exclusive to each other, along with the performance comparison of different machine learning techniques in the suggested system. (hindawi.com)
  • They wanted to create a new computer-assisted system that could "explain" the algorithm's diagnosis. (eurekalert.org)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted" was a major or minor topic of these publication. (harvard.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted" by people in Profiles. (harvard.edu)
  • Computer Aided Surgery and Diagnosis. (tum.de)
  • The six-volume set LNCS 11764, 11765, 11766, 11767, 11768, and 11769 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2019, held in Shenzhen, China, in October 2019. (springer.com)
  • Our radiologists will give you a thorough and personalized radiology diagnosis in a short and pain-free session. (jfkmc.org)
  • Many clinical applications based on deep learning and pertaining to radiology have been proposed and studied in radiology for classification, risk assessment, segmentation tasks, diagnosis, prognosis, and even prediction of therapy responses. (frontiersin.org)
  • Computer-assisted diagnosis is utilized in radiology and pathology. (fortherecordmag.com)
  • You will get a definitive diagnosis and accurate results to determine if there is a cause for concern. (jfkmc.org)
  • Once a definitive diagnosis has been identified by CAC and accepted by the coder, the CAC no longer suggests sign or symptom codes that could be attributable to that diagnosis. (fortherecordmag.com)
  • In high-precision radiation therapies, novel approaches in image engineering including computer graphics, image processing, pattern recognition, and computational anatomy play important roles in improving the accuracy of radiation therapy and assisting decision making by radiation oncology professionals, such as radiation oncologists, radiation technologists, and medical physicists, in each phase of radiation therapy. (springer.com)
  • An early diagnosis plays a key role towards an early treatment and an increased survival rate. (spie.org)
  • The technology is appropriate for any person who has problems from a neurological or neuromuscular condition remaining after initial diagnosis and treatment. (nydnrehab.com)
  • Experience of clinical and economical treatment cancer patients Comparison of analysis details for open, laparoscopic and robot-assisted nephrectomy in the. (ecuro.ru)
  • Craniofacial Trauma, Diagnosis and Management offers detailed guidance on the diagnosis, surgical planning, and interdisciplinary treatment of craniofacial trauma. (springer.com)
  • New developments and the role of computer-assisted treatment planning are discussed in the final section. (springer.com)
  • MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. (medicinenet.com)
  • Computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy, a treatment that has been shown to be effective in previous studies in psychiatric settings, will be disseminated into primary care - a health care setting where there are significant problems in receiving adequate treatment for depression. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Feasibility and effectiveness will be tested by randomly assigning 320 primary care patients with depression to receive either computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy or treatment as usual. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) for depression in primary care will be evaluated in a trial with 320 patients randomly assigned to CCBT or treatment as usual (TAU). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In order to deliver therapy in a practical manner that can be replicated in other primary care practices, patients with significant symptoms of depression will receive treatment with an empirically supported computer program that builds cognitive-behavior therapy skills. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Dr. Leng's medical retina specialties include the diagnosis and treatment of macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema and retinal vein occlusions. (stanford.edu)
  • These unique patterns help the clinicians during diagnosis and treatment of this neurological disorder. (hindawi.com)
  • Wheeler AH, Hanley EN Jr. Nonoperative treatment for low back pain. (medscape.com)
  • Clinically, facial appearance is an important indicator in diagnosing Down syndrome and it paves the way for computer-aided diagnosis based on facial image analysis. (spie.org)
  • In this study, we propose a novel method to detect Down syndrome using photography for computer-assisted image-based facial dysmorphology. (spie.org)
  • Both, cancer diagnosis and tumor therapy are frequently performed using interventional procedures. (europa.eu)
  • The three-volume set LNCS 9349, 9350, and 9351 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2015, held in Munich, Germany, in October 2015. (indigo.ca)
  • It is then possible to prescribe for and make a prognosis about any one case on the basis of the outcomes in a series of animals with the same diagnosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Over 100,000 new cases of pancreatic cancer are identified in Europe each year, but the disease has a very poor prognosis with less than 1 in 5 patients surviving beyond one year following diagnosis. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • In 2008, Mehrotra and colleagues emphasized the value of the brush biopsy technique in evaluating oral lesions without the aid of computer-assisted technology, although they reported marginally lower sensitivity and specificity. (medscape.com)
  • Computer-assisted tumor microvessel analysis is a powerful tool in predicting the outcome for patients with esophageal cancer treated with chemoradiotherapy because intraobserver and interobserver variability is minimized. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The potential socioeconomic impact of providing high precision minimally-invasive tumor diagnosis and therapy at low cost is extremely high. (europa.eu)
  • Both techniques can be used as biomarkers of tumor response and present high accuracy in diagnosis of local recurrence and peritoneal dissemination, with complementary roles depending on histological type, anatomic location and tumoral volume. (hindawi.com)
  • CAREN is applicable for early diagnosis of a variety of neurological conditions. (nydnrehab.com)
  • What is the role of a neurological exam in the diagnosis of low back pain (LBP)? (medscape.com)
  • Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) schemes are designed to help radiologists locating colorectal lesions in an efficient and accurate manner. (tudelft.nl)
  • Comparative analysis of the results of cancer radical retropubic and robot-assisted prostatectomy. (ecuro.ru)
  • [5] [14] Diagnosis is by biopsy . (wikipedia.org)
  • With this in mind, the development of the brush biopsy (Oral CDx R) coupled with a computer-assisted method of analysis has brought accurate diagnosis, ease of performance, and patient acceptance into daily practice. (medscape.com)
  • Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis. (tum.de)
  • For instance, in January 2020, Nuance Communications Inc. launched Nuance Cardiovascular CAPD, a computer-assisted physician documentation (CAPD) solution designed to help cardiologists improve the quality of complex documentation and the accuracy of reimbursement for cardiac catheterization procedures. (medgadget.com)
  • 1 , 2 , 3 Thus, the use of models is vital if one is to reach an accurate diagnosis. (scielo.br)
  • [ 3 ] Obtaining and sampling cells within the basal and parabasal region of the epithelium is central to the consistent and accurate diagnosis of early oral and oropharyngeal cancer or precancer. (medscape.com)
  • Localization of the abnormal epileptic brain activity is very significant for diagnosis of epileptic disorder. (hindawi.com)
  • The method is validated using the Leave-One-Out-Cross-Validation (LOOCV) accuracy of classifying psychiatric diagnoses using resting-state and task-related fMRI. (nih.gov)
  • This concept relates to CAC in that there are multiple issues possibly attributable to an overreliance on the technology, including incongruous principal diagnosis (PD), missed CDI opportunities, and superfluous secondary diagnosis codes. (fortherecordmag.com)
  • This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art computational intelligence research and technologies in computer-assisted radiation therapy based on image engineering. (springer.com)
  • Call 732-321-7540 to book an appointment with us now to experience a definitive breast cancer screening under our R2 computer assisted diagnosis program at JFK Medical Center. (jfkmc.org)
  • All the topics presented in this book broaden understanding of the modern medical technologies and systems for image-based computer-assisted radiation therapy. (springer.com)
  • It remains an important challenge to combine successfully the best characteristics of these programs to build effective computer-based medical expert systems. (mit.edu)
  • Of those with a diagnosis of current insomnia, approximately half had primary insomnia, 27% had insomnia related to another psychiatric disorder, 12% had insomnia related to substance use, and 7% had insomnia related to a medical condition: 2.2%, 1.1%, 0.5%, and 0.3% were the corresponding population prevalence estimates. (aappublications.org)
  • We also propose an approach based on semantic process mining to verify that an arbitrary Computer Interpretable Guideline (CIG) complies with the medical recommendations. (biostec.org)
  • Earlier diagnosis and safe and effective treatments are critical to reducing mortality in pancreatic cancer. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients with high computer-counted hotspot MVDs and high TN/TA and TP/TA ratios had better overall survival rate than patients with low MVDs or ratios ( P = 0.025, 0.008, and 0.031, respectively). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Computer-assisted analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) has a tremendous potential to assist clinicians during the diagnosis of epilepsy. (hindawi.com)
  • Our purpose is to provide an overview of artificial intelligence in medicine to the physician who has had little contact with computer science. (mit.edu)
  • Increasing launch of computer-assisted physician solutions is expected to propel growth of the global IT-enabled healthcare market over the forecast period. (medgadget.com)
  • ESMO has developped factsheets of validated biomarkers designed to assist you in your daily practice. (esmo.org)
  • What we found is that AI can do more than simply automate eye screening, it can assist physicians in more accurately diagnosing diabetic retinopathy," said lead researcher, Rory Sayres, PhD.. "AI and physicians working together can be more accurate than either alone. (eurekalert.org)
  • According to the main objectives of this project, a database of interpreted Indirect ImmunoFluorescence (IIF) images on HEp 2 cells is being collected thanks to the contribution of Italian and Tunisian experts involved in routine diagnosis of autoimmune diseases. (unipa.it)
  • Artificial intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that encompasses machine learning, representation learning, and deep learning ( 1 ). (frontiersin.org)