Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.EnglandAnesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Great BritainSocial Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Authoritarianism: The personality pattern or syndrome consisting of behavioral and attitudinal characteristics reflecting a preoccupation with the factors of power and authority in interpersonal relationships.Nuclear Energy: Energy released by nuclear fission or nuclear fusion.WalesPublic Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Contract Services: Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.Decision Making, Organizational: The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.LondonBudgets: Detailed financial plans for carrying out specific activities for a certain period of time. They include proposed income and expenditures.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Neoplasm Recurrence, Local: The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Building Codes: Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.United StatesDemocracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.State Government: The level of governmental organization and function below that of the national or country-wide government.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Mandatory Reporting: A legal requirement that designated types of information acquired by professionals or institutions in the course of their work be reported to appropriate authorities.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Professional Autonomy: The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.Contracts: Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.Pest Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.Single-Payer System: An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.EuropeHistory, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Public Housing: Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.Social Control Policies: Decisions for determining and guiding present and future objectives from among alternatives.Regional Medical Programs: Coordination of activities and programs among health care institutions within defined geographic areas for the purpose of improving delivery and quality of medical care to the patients. These programs are mandated under U.S. Public Law 89-239.Physician's Role: The expected function of a member of the medical profession.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Interdepartmental Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutional departments.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Trustees: Board members of an institution or organization who are entrusted with the administering of funds and the directing of policy.Nuclear Reactors: Devices containing fissionable material in sufficient quantity and so arranged as to be capable of maintaining a controlled, self-sustaining NUCLEAR FISSION chain reaction. They are also known as atomic piles, atomic reactors, fission reactors, and nuclear piles, although such names are deprecated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Financing, Government: Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Legislation, Nursing: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of nursing, proposed for enactment by a legislative body.Institutional Management Teams: Administrator-selected management groups who are responsible for making decisions pertaining to the provision of integrated direction for various institutional functions.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Hospitals, Public: Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Lidocaine: A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.Resource Allocation: Societal or individual decisions about the equitable distribution of available resources.Small-Area Analysis: A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.ItalyEthics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Environmental Policy: A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Judaism: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Employee Discipline: Regulations or conditions imposed on employees by management in order to correct or prevent behaviors which are counterproductive to the organization.Consumer Product SafetyAdministrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Physician Executives: Physicians who serve in a medical and administrative capacity as head of an organized medical staff and who also may serve as liaison for the medical staff with the administration and governing board.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Quarantine: Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Partnership Practice: A voluntary contract between two or more doctors who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Health Facility Administrators: Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of health care facilities such as nursing homes.Hospital Planning: Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Disaster Planning: Procedures outlined for the care of casualties and the maintenance of services in disasters.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Paternalism: Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.Informed Consent By Minors: Voluntary authorization by a person not of usual legal age for diagnostic or investigative procedures, or for medical and surgical treatment. (from English A, Shaw FE, McCauley MM, Fishbein DB Pediatrics 121:Suppl Jan 2008 pp S85-7).Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Legal Guardians: A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.Committee Membership: The composition of a committee; the state or status of being a member of a committee.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Product Surveillance, Postmarketing: Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.Management Audit: Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Physicians, Family: Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Reunion: One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Saint-Denis. It was discovered in 1507 by the Portuguese and claimed by France in 1638. It was first colonized in 1662 as Isle de Bourbon but renamed Reunion in 1793. In 1946 it was made an overseas department of France. The name commemorates the reunion of the revolutionaries from Marseilles with the National Guard in Paris in 1792. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1011; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p454; French Embassy)Mass Behavior: Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Manuscripts, MedicalCommunity Health Nursing: General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population or community. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Malpractice: Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Professional Staff Committees: Committees of professional personnel who have responsibility for determining policies, procedures, and controls related to professional matters in health facilities.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Swimming PoolsPrivate Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Ethical Review: A formal process of examination of patient care or research proposals for conformity with ethical standards. The review is usually conducted by an organized clinical or research ethics committee (CLINICAL ETHICS COMMITTEES or RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES), sometimes by a subset of such a committee, an ad hoc group, or an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS).Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Refusal to Treat: Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Animal Care Committees: Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of animals used in research and education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the policy that institutions using warm-blooded animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional laboratory animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate review and approval of federally funded research with animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).Housing: Living facilities for humans.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Accounts Payable and Receivable: Short-term debt obligations and assets occurring in the regular course of operational transactions.Risk Management: The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Planning Techniques: Procedures, strategies, and theories of planning.
... public works and regional economic development; local authorities; environment; mobility; energy (although nuclear energy ... in English) Flemish authorities (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid) (in Dutch) Flemish authorities (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid) Flemish ... The VGC then recognised local, municipal institutions to take care of the purely local public service in these community areas ... a number of local initiatives have been set up to save the traditional dialects and their diversity. In Brussels, the local ...
"Ministry of Regional Development Authorities". Regional-dev.go.ke. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011. "Welcome to ... Education and Local Government Stimulus Project Management Committee (SPMC) - Established by the Constituency Development Fund ... Ministry of Agriculture Kenya, Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Ministry of Regional Development and Ministry of Youth Affairs ... Promote regional development for equity and social stability; 5. Improve infrastructure and the quality education and ...
Local governments and authorities. Blue chip companies involved in agriculture, retail and manufacturing (especially in the ... controlled by the publicly owned Regional Water Authorities. It was also amalgamated with the Water Research Association (WRA) ... International funders such as the World Bank and the Department for International Development (DfID). Trade associations and ... local authorities and their suppliers) to optimise operational efficiency and minimise risk. "Water Research Centre (formerly ...
Θεσσαλονίκης (in Greek). Ελληνική Εταιρεία Τοπικής Ανάπτυξης και Αυτοδιοίκησης (Greek Company of Local Development and ... List of settlements in the Thessaloniki regional unit "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). ... Hellenic Statistical Authority. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek) Διοικητικές μεταβολές των ΟΤΑ Εκτύπωση Δ ... Before the 2011 local government reform it was not an officially recognised settlement. The 2011 census recorded 45 inhabitants ...
East London Sub Regional Development Framework" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June ... The local authority was the Hornchurch vestry. The royal manor of Havering, which was conterminous with the ancient parish of ... The local authority is Havering London Borough Council, with three councillors elected from each of a number of wards covering ... The rural sanitary district became Romford Rural District and the local authority became Romford Rural District Council. As the ...
Corpuz, Arturo G. (1999). The Colonial Iron Horse: Railroads and Regional Development in the Philippines, 1875-1935. Quezon ... The city local crops range from rice, corn, and onion; thus the city is also referred to as the "City of the Golden Harvests" ... "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved ... Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. "Diocese of San Jose, Nueva Ecija". ...
"History of Rail in Australia". Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government. Retrieved ... "Additional Crossing of the Clarence River - Feasibility Study Report" (PDF). Roads and Traffic Authority. February 2003. ...
ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. EETAA local government changes Kallikratis law Greece Ministry ... There is good infrastructure to support the touristic development of the place with hotels, restaurants and bars. List of ... settlements in the Kozani regional unit "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ... Before the 2011 local government reform it was an independent community. The 2011 census recorded 274 inhabitants in the ...
"Congress of Local and Regional Authorities - Speech by the Minister of Regional Development and Construction of Ukraine". ... Council of Europe; Congress of Local; Regional Authorities; All Congress levels. " ... In June 2010 the criminal case was started against Vasyl Kuybida (the minister of regional development and construction in ... district court judges and heads of local authorities… the Parliament deplores the sentencing of former PM Yulia Tymoshenko (Par ...
"DILG Region 3 - Regional Management". Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved May 29, 2016. "Highlights of ... Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013. Census of ... Linking Climate and Development Policy. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 206. ISBN 9789400745407. " ... Central Luzon Local Search North Luzon Super Region: Potentials North Luzon Super Region: Projects Executive Order No. 103. ...
For services to Regional Planning and Urban Development. Kenneth Bodfish. Member, Brighton and Hove Unitary Authority. For ... Joint Chairman, Health and Safety Executive/Local Authority Enforcement Liaison Committee. For services to Health and Safety. ... Lately Corporate Development Director, Hong Kong Airport Authority. (Lionel) Murray Mccullough. Member of the European ... For services to Local Government and to the Local Government Association. Arthur Gilbert. For services to the arts and culture ...
Other English roads are maintained by local authorities. In Scotland and Wales roads are the responsibility of Transport ... a section of the Department for Regional Development. In London, Transport for London is responsible for all trunk roads and ... Local bus services cover the whole country. Since deregulation the majority (80% by the late 1990s) of these local bus ... There are many regional and international airports, with Heathrow Airport in London being one of the busiest in the world. The ...
40 million loan funding from Yorkshire Forward and the 4 local authorities. £10 million loan funding from the project ... The project received: £44 million grant funding from Yorkshire Forward and the European Regional Development Fund. £ ... and the four local authorities that encompass South Yorkshire, these are Sheffield City Council, Barnsley Metropolitan Borough ...
"Red Coat Regional Economic Development Authority INC.(REDA) - Tourism". 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-11. Richards, J.H. (1969). " ... "Thomson Lake local regional park". Retrieved 2007-05-15. "Thomson Lake regional park Lafleche, Saskatchewan". Archived from the ... "REDA - Recreation". Red Coat Regional Economic Development Authority Inc. 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-25. Moore, Frank (1982). ... 4. Southfork Local Fauna Chadronian 6. Calf Creek Local Fauna, Chadronian 7. Carnagh Local Fauna, Chadronian. 8. Irish Spring ...
"Gerald L. Gordon, Ph.D". Fairfax County Economic Development Authority. CRC Press. "Reinventing Local and Regional Economies". ... Gordon presented at the ICMA Regional Summit for professional development sessions, "Main Street America: Economic Development ... Gordon shared the lessons on how to reinvent local and regional economies in the wake of long-term economic decline and more ... Fairfax County Economic Development Authority. Retrieved 18 February 2017. "Arts Council of Fairfax County Board of Directors ...
As responsible for local government, the minister supervises all non-elected regional authorities. The current Minister of the ... His Undersecretary of the Interior is Mahmud Aleuy Peña y Lillo and the Undersecretary of Regional Development is Ricardo Óscar ... It was abolished in 1814 by the Spanish authorities when, after the Battle of Rancagua, they re-asserted royal power. In 1818, ...
Article 55 relates to Regional and Local Authorities, wherein the government's decentralization argument lies. Per their ... This includes economic, social, health, educational, cultural and sports development. According to article 57(2), a regional ... He shall, under the authority of the Government, supervise and co-ordinate civil State services in the Region." Article 58(2) ... Biya's party wins the election in a particular region, the appointed regional delegate is directly accountable to Mr. Biya, and ...
Several provinces established their own highway authorities to coordinate the development of regional road networks. The ... As the automobile rose in prominence in the early 20th century, organizations such as the Good Roads Movement and local motor ... In the mid-nineteenth century, the primary modes of transportation were rail and waterways, and authority over them was granted ... to the federal government under Canada's Constitution; roads were thought of as a local concern and were delegated to the ...
Local authorities have additional powers under planning legislation to control changes to buildings in a conservation area that ... Local and regional criteria are used, rather than any national standard. In exceptional circumstances, Historic England can ... The designation does not preclude development from taking place, but does require that developments preserve or enhance the ... Local authorities are chiefly responsible for designating conservation areas. They can designate any area of 'special ...
Intelligent urbanism insists that cities, local authorities, regional development commissions and planning agencies be ... This allows the local authority to widen roads and to implement the Structure Plan. The local authority then transfers the ... Local Area Plans must be prepared which address local issues and take into account local views and sentiments regarding plan ... Proponents argue if one does not recognize growth as a regional phenomenon, then development will play a hopscotch game of ...
Members are cities and local governments, non-governmental organizations, and development authorities in the Asia-Pacific. ... CITYNET is a regional network of over 130 cities and organizations specializing in sustainable urban development. CITYNET ... programs focus on the fields of climate change, disaster risk reduction and infrastructure development through city-to-city ...
In addition, WIOA requires regional planning across local areas. WIOA provides local control to officials administering ... made substantial changes to federal workforce development programs. CETA transferred more decision-making authority from the ... Grants under MDTA were administered through regional DOL offices and went directly to local service providers. The ... WIOA emphasizes sector partnerships and career pathways workforce development strategies by requiring local WDBs to lead ...
"House of Commons - Regional development agencies and the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Bill - Business ... The scrutiny powers of the Regional Assemblies will transfer to local authorities. The stated aim of the polices being to ... The invitation to the northern regional development agencies to devise a development plan to tackle the regional disparities ... In particular, the regional development agencies were given executive responsibility for developing a new Integrated Regional ...
An authority on ceramics. Cecil Charles Hudson Moriarty OBE Chief Constable of Birmingham. Matthew White, Viscount Ridley, ... Captain (local Major) Frederick Kennedy, Staff Quarter-Master, Southern Brigade, The King's African Rifles. Lieutenant-Colonel ... William Hannah McLean MInstCE For services to education and economic development in the Colonies. Honorary Knight Commander His ... Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Hawke Kempe MC Regional Director, London Postal Region, General Post Office. John Alexander King, ...
It also represents its members internationally, and to Government, regional bodies and local authorities in the UK.[citation ... Intermediate Technology Development Group). The BWEA was formed from the ITDG Wind Panel along with other interested parties ... In 2008 the then BWEA was found by the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) to have overstated the carbon dioxide emissions ...
"Economic Development". Cushman & Wakefield. Retrieved September 4, 2015.. *^ "U.S. Refineries* Operable Capacity". Department ... Local government[edit]. Baytown has a council-manager form of government. Rick Davis currently serves as the Baytown City ... "East Corridor Archived October 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas. ... "State of the Air 2005, National and Regional Analysis". American Lung Association. March 25, 2005. Archived from the original ...
... public works and regional economic development; local authorities; environment; mobility; energy (although nuclear energy ... in English) Flemish authorities (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid) (in Dutch) Flemish authorities (Dutch: Vlaamse overheid) Flemish ... The VGC then recognised local, municipal institutions to take care of the purely local public service in these community areas ... a number of local initiatives have been set up to save the traditional dialects and their diversity. In Brussels, the local ...
Minister for Federal and European Affairs and Regional Development of the State of Lower Saxony, and her expert would be happy ... the contribution of local and regional authorities to a climate-neutral Europe". To discuss the topic of the opinion, the ... ENVE Stakeholders:Towards a Roadmap for Clean Hydrogen - the contribution of local and regional authorities to a climate- ... This consultation is open to representatives of local and regional authorities and their associations, experts from industry ...
"Ministry of Regional Development Authorities". Regional-dev.go.ke. Archived from the original on 24 April 2011. "Welcome to ... Education and Local Government Stimulus Project Management Committee (SPMC) - Established by the Constituency Development Fund ... Ministry of Agriculture Kenya, Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Ministry of Regional Development and Ministry of Youth Affairs ... Promote regional development for equity and social stability; 5. Improve infrastructure and the quality education and ...
sports development with national or regional sports governing bodies. Alternatively, you might choose self-employment, for ... the NHS or local government authorities. *public or private leisure centres, health and fitness clubs ... This listing is based on the current curriculum and may change year to year in response to new curriculum developments and ...
v) an economic development corporation;. (vi) a regional farmers market authority;. (vii) a food council; or ... iv) local and regional food systems, including regional food chain coordination and business development; ... B) to support local and regional food business enterprises that engage as intermediaries in indirect producer-to-consumer ... The term "mid-tier value chain" means a local or regional supply network that links independent producers with businesses and ...
Development of the Regional Internet Registry System. RIPE NCC Members or Local Internet Registries (LIRs). LIRs are ... The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority has authority over all number spaces used in the Internet, including IP address space ... Regional Internet Registries (RIRs). RIRs operate in large, geopolitical regions that are continental in scope. Currently, ... This graph shows how Internet number resources are distributed from the central IANA-managed pool to the five Regional Internet ...
I.4)Type of the contracting authority. Ministry or any other national or federal authority, including their regional or local ... Danida Market Development Partnerships (DMDP) Programme is an instrument under the Danish governments priorities for ... Thus, the contracting authority cannot accept e.g. a solemn declaration made before a notary if there can be issued a ... Section I: Contracting authority. I.1)Name and addresses. Official name: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. National registration ...
The Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment. Regional State Administrative Agencies ... is jointly produced and run by the following authorities:. The Ministry of the Environment. Finnish Environment Institute SYKE ... Regional land use planning * Local master plans coordinate and direct local detailed plans ... The Housing Finance and Development Centre of Finland (ARA). * Finlands environmental administration Contact details Finlands ...
Capacity enhancement programme for the regional water operators and the relevant local authorities; training, exchange of ... Development of a long term asset management approach, including options to attract private sector expertise in the management ... Supporting regional water operators to integrate smaller municipalities (mostly rural agglomerations) in their area of service. ... Review and development of long term asset management plans for individual companies. ...
State and Local HIA Cooperative Agreements: Oregon Health Authority ... An Oregon version of the Integrated Transport and Health Impact Model (ITHIM) designed for state, regional, and local ... Lane County Public Health (LCPH) partnered with Eugenes Planning and Development Department (PDD) and the Oregon Public Health ... The local health department then reviews and revises the report, disseminates the findings and recommendations, and works with ...
REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE IN EGYPT: A COUNTRY WHERE UPPER IS LOWER - Edward Dutton, Salaheldin Farah Bakhiet, Khaled ... Carl, N. (2016a) Corrigendum to "IQ and socio-economic development across local authorities of the UK. Intelligence 55, 90-94. ... Journal of Cognition and Development 15(4), 599-613.. Von Strumm, S. & Plomin, R. (2015) Socioeconomic status and the growth of ... Almeida, L., Lemos, G. & Lynn, R. (2011) Regional differences in intelligence and per capita incomes in Portugal. Mankind ...
Regional Development and Local Government, includes the following bodies. ... The Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government portfolio, in addition to the Department of ... Australian Maritime Safety Authority www.amsa.gov.au. Civil Aviation Safety Authority www.casa.gov.au. International Air ... regional development and local government portfolio bodies The Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local ...
In collaboration with local authorities and industry representatives, 28 locations in the Austro-Slovenian border region were ... European Regional Development Fund Cohesion Fund European Social Fund EU Solidarity Fund IPA ... As a result, an action plan was drawn up for use by local authorities planning to develop energy projects. ... The project involved Slovenian and Austrian partner organisations collaborating on the development of a regional renewable ...
They are regulated by national and regional laws (Table 1) and controlled by local authorities (Table 2), most recently by the ... Sustainable development was a relatively new concept for the local authorities. However, repeated contact and discussions on ... We feel that our application of the SAF has opened a new arena for research and collaboration with local authorities and the ... Similarly with the city and regional authorities, we experienced a gradual improvement in willingness to collaborate and plan ...
... promoted the integration of regional mental health authorities in nine cities. Coordinated local mental health systems run by ... A federal role in supporting mental health services would wait another one hundred years until the development of Medicaid, ... The growth of local community mental health centers was an example of competing governmental interests and authorities. Growing ... State and local funding provide the majority of financial support for mental health services, with the federal government ...
"In California, it is local, not regional, governments that have authority over land development decisions. Instead, SB375 ... Potential Economic Consequences of Local Nonconformity to Regional Land Use and Transportation Plans Using a Spatial Economic ... As a result, it is possible that some local governments within a region may decide not to conform to their SCS. We wanted to ... "Although the bill requires such a plan, it does not require local governments to adopt general plans that conform to it," said ...
4] Local Enterprise Partnerships, which a few years ago replaced the Regional Development Authorities. ... God forbid it should come out as the 10 European Regional Development Fund Programme areas. ... p,,p style=margin-left: 20px;,At present, there is a risk of a human plague epidemic spreading in this city, the local ... So, how quickly should I join a local religious group?. ,div class=rm-shortcode data-media_id=6RrmYM8M data-player_id= ...
Local and regional strategies for rebuilding fisheries management institutions in coastal British Columbia: what components of ... Co-operative management of local fisheries: new directions in improved management & community development. University of ... Governments behavioral bias toward the fragmentation of responsibilities and authorities (Yaffee 1997, Pinkerton 2007). This ... Existence of legitimate and effective leadership at local and regional levels, i.e., a dedicated person or core group applying ...
Prince William and Alexandria have been put in the position of being in the middle of a fight between the water authority and ... While their only vote was on the motion to have a regional meeting, the Prince William supervisors made it clear they were ... It would put a blemish on the county in trying to attrack industrial development." ... Randall said "some Fairfax County officials, without the knowledge of the water authority. Prince William County or the City of ...
... local authorities, regional institutions, and development agencies to promote lessons learned and best practices in approaches/ ... Partners: OPEC Fund for International Development, Government of Benin. Donors: IFAD, OPEC Fund for International Development, ... Regional, and National consultations/workshops involving staff of relevant Ministries, frontline organizations, field teams, ... Partners: Consortium partners : FANRPAN; Associated regional partners: AFAAS; National partners: IIAM, UPC, (Farmer Union), MMI ...
Local environmental health planning: guidance for local and national authorities  World Health Organization. Regional Office ... Regional Office for Europe. (‎1999)‎. Local processes for environment and health action : third Ministerial Conference on ... Providing health intelligence to meet local needs: a practical guide to serving local and urban communities through public ... Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe. https://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/handle/10665/108216 ...
... regional health authorities; first responders, including police, fire and ambulance; front-line community agencies; divisions ... children and family development, and poverty reduction services. ... and local provincial ministry offices, including housing, ...
Division of Local Government of the Division of Regional Development. of the. Budget and Control Board. of the Rural ... Fiscal Accountability Authority for sale if the ports authority is unable to complete the sale by December 31, 2013. 2015. To ... Advisory Coordinating Council for Economic Development, State Development, Public Railways, and Savannah Valley Development:. ( ... Fiscal Accountability Authority must be exercised with due regard to the fiduciary duty owed to the ports authority and for the ...
... to the greatest extent possible input from local and regional planning bodies for social services and workforce development. ... 6) The secretary has final authority in plan approval or modification. Regional program implementation may deviate from the ... The regional and local administrator shall consult with employers of various sizes, labor representatives, training and ... The plan shall be prepared in consultation with local and regional sources, adapting the statewide WorkFirst program to achieve ...
Grants for projects that assist in the development, improvement, and expansion of domestic farmers markets, roadside stands, ... Local governments *Nonprofit corporations *Public benefit corporations *Economic development corporations *Regional farmers ... Projects that have a direct benefit for farm and ranch operations serving local markets, such as: *Local farmer, rancher, or ... farm and ranch operations serving local markets, such as: *Statewide or regional farmer, rancher, or manager training and ...
  • vision malaysia as the pre-eminent preferred investment destination incorporated as a statutory body under the malaysian industrial development authority (mida) act, the establishment of mida in 1967 was hailed by the world bank as "the necessary impetus for purposeful, positive and coordinated promotional action" for malaysia's industrial development. (mida.gov.my)
  • Local authorities have a statutory responsibility to assess and make provision for children with MSI. (seeability.org)
  • Total investment for the "MOVE towards Energy Sustainability" project was EUR 2 977 855, of which the EU's European Regional Development Fund contributed EUR 2 506 185 from the Cross-border Co-operation Programme Austria-Slovenia 2007-2013. (europa.eu)
  • Andrew Downing, GRSP Advisor and International Manager, Safety and Environment, Transport Research Laboratory, UK, told the local press that India was one of the 11 countries participating in the GRSP programme. (bmj.com)
  • Listen to our expert local advisors on week evenings on Midwest Radio farming programme and also read our weekly article in the farming pages of the Western People . (teagasc.ie)
  • As well as providing a wide initial undergraduate studies programme, Lyon 1 accompanies independent or company backed students in continuing professional development training. (univ-lyon1.fr)
  • The University is committed to more than 80 European Union projects and participates actively in The Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7). (univ-lyon1.fr)
  • Mokhlesur works with Practical Action, Bangladesh as Manager - M&E and Impact under Policy Practice and Programme Development Department. (practicalaction.org)
  • EURASHE RDI Working group met to discuss the role of PHE institutions in Smart Specialisation and the strategic planning of Horizon Europe 18/6/2019 - EURASHE Working Group on Research, Development and Innovation hold a last meeting before the summer break on 14 of June 2019. (eurashe.eu)
  • Supporting regional water operators to integrate smaller municipalities (mostly rural agglomerations) in their area of service. (ebrd.com)
  • These cover dairy , beef , and sheep every month, with additional newsletters covering areas such as forestry, farm management, rural development and the environment. (teagasc.ie)
  • Since independence, having had massive development interventions for women empowerment in Bangladesh, but still rural people perceived that technology is something that needs to be handled by men. (practicalaction.org)
  • Local and regional authorities point out that the African swine fever epidemic constitutes a threat to rural development and the pork market. (europa.eu)
  • The objective of this opinion is to call on the European Commission to adopt more decisive measures and legislative solutions to achieve a balance in the development of rural areas, through means such as regulating the population of boars, which are the main carriers of the ASF virus, in central and eastern Europe. (europa.eu)
  • Before the revolution , state penetration of the rural areas was limited by the power of local notables, but under Nasser, land reform reduced their socioeconomic dominance, and the incorporation of peasants into cooperatives transferred mass dependence from landlords to government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Completed applications must be received in the USDA Rural Development State Office no later than 4:30 p.m. (local time) on August 27, 2015. (federalregister.gov)
  • Applications received at a USDA Rural Development State Office after that date will not be considered for FY 2015 funding. (federalregister.gov)
  • As your readers may also be aware the Minister for Arts, Heritage, Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs, Heather Humphreys TD, has proposed changes to the Wildlife Act that will allow for the cutting of hedgerows in March and August. (justforests.org)
  • With increasing pressure on land in sub-Saharan Africa, including from commercial agriculture and mineral and oil extraction, how can the voices of women be included in local decisions over land? (iied.org)
  • The African Water Facility ( AWF ) is an initiative led by the African Ministers' Council on Water (AMCOW) to mobilize resources to finance water resources development activities in Africa. (un.org)
  • With its roots in the campaign to end apartheid in South Africa, AWEPA now works in Africa from a development perspective to strengthen the core functions of parliaments: oversight, representation and legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thematically, AWEPA activities promote the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in Africa, including such areas as poverty reduction, women and children's rights, HIV and AIDS, and peace and security. (wikipedia.org)
  • IANA allocates public Internet address space to Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) according to their established needs. (ripe.net)
  • The HIA workshop was attended by local stakeholders and staff from Crook County Public Health Department and City of Prineville's Planning Department. (cdc.gov)
  • The application has also raised important questions about how the food chain is controlled, what could be changed to stabilize the ecosystem to a higher level of productivity, and what role the public and policy could play in promoting sustainable development. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • The first local elections have been held and more public services are being delivered by certain local authorities. (oecd.org)
  • One result has been advances in the ability to compare large areas, but with a concomitant deficiency in tools for public health workers to assess the status of local health and health disparities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Why not, he suggests, a regional Department of Public Works? (csmonitor.com)
  • A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The EUROPEAN MOBILITY WEEK Award rewards the local authority that is deemed to have done most in raising public awareness of sustainable mobility issues and implementing measures to achieve a shift towards sustainable urban transport. (eltis.org)
  • The technical assistance provided by the Task Force is a resource available to the Greek authorities, as they seek to strengthen their public administration, modernise their regulatory system and lay the foundations for a new growth model based on enterprise and investment. (europa.eu)
  • Local Authorities behaviour is likely to have an important influence on people and they should take every opportunity to set a good example to the public. (justforests.org)
  • The Public Health Institute (PHI) specialises in applied research and educational programmes addressing health issues at all levels from policy development to service delivery. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • Influencing health service design and delivery, as well as health related policy, the Public Health Institute's research has been at the forefront of the development of multi-agency strategies to promote and protect public health. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • Using data collected by Public Health England, Poor Beginnings finds that simply by growing up in a certain part of the country, a young child is more likely to suffer from obesity, tooth decay, injury and poor development in the early years. (ncb.org.uk)
  • From October, the onus will be on local authorities to support public health services for young children. (ncb.org.uk)
  • ENVE Stakeholders:Towards a Roadmap for Clean Hydrogen - the contribution of local and regional auth. (europa.eu)
  • In the HIA-in-a-Day model, the selected local health department screens for a project, engages stakeholders, and hosts the training. (cdc.gov)
  • 7. How can regional stakeholders participate in this process? (metro.net)
  • Europe's regions are in urgent need of concrete measures to boost their local economy and their European dimension, stakeholders highlighted during the General Assembly of the Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPMR) in Madeira, Portugal on Thursday (October 18). (euractiv.com)
  • EURASHE is involved in Research, Development and Innovation through its activities linked to universities of applied sciences (UAS), innovation, regional development, knowledge transfer. (eurashe.eu)
  • Portugal was the big winner of the RegioStars awards 2018 in Brussels, a project promoting regional innovation, cohesion and culture in the EU, with two awards for its innovation in sustainable industrial technologies and the promotion of cultural heritage. (euractiv.com)
  • TResearch is Teagasc's research and innovation magazine and is available to Teagasc clients in your local office with updates on current research projects taking place in our various research centres. (teagasc.ie)
  • Shortlisted in the 'Best example of advancing local NHS systems for innovation' category at the 2015 North West Coast Research and Innovation Awards, IMS has helped identify thousands of individuals using drugs or alcohol problematically. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • In a short period, successful steps have been taken toward achieving municipal mergers and greater fiscal, administrative and political decentralisation, complemented by the State Strategy for Regional Development 2015-2020. (oecd.org)
  • It is demonstrated that this is consistent with regional socioeconomic differences in Egypt, which strongly imply that northern Egypt has a higher average IQ than southern Egypt. (cambridge.org)
  • Members of the Flemish Parliament elected in the Brussels-Capital Region have no right to vote on Flemish regional affairs, only on community affairs, since affairs concerning their region are governed by the Brussels Parliament. (wikipedia.org)
  • To discuss the topic of the opinion, the Rapporteur Ms Birgit HONÉ (DE/PES), Minister for Federal and European Affairs and Regional Development of the State of Lower Saxony, and her expert would be happy to meet you . (europa.eu)
  • District industrial development officers are being assisted by field officers from Kenya industrial Estates and Kenya Industrial Research Development Institute to roll out the project at the constituency level. (wikipedia.org)
  • The OHA HIA Program tested a new model for rapid HIAs during the 2015-2016 funding year that uses a full-day HIA training and workshop to build local-level capacity for HIA and to gather stakeholder input for a specific HIA project. (cdc.gov)
  • Alexandria and Prince William, now contains about 3.3 billion gallons, the level at which criteria adopted by the Fairfax County Water Authority call for mandatory restrictions. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Osceola would like to see it back on a more local level. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Early in the book, he cites a composite index of human resource development based entirely on two measures of education (enrollment in the second level of education plus enrollment at the third level of education times five [ 2 ]), and stresses that "no weight should be put on the precise location of any one country in this ranking. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The UAS applied research activities can quickly respond to the changes and pair research outcomes to real changes in order to make a real impact, especially on the regional level. (eurashe.eu)
  • The CoR also calls on the European Commission to further activate, monitor and evaluate actions to combat ASF at the Member State level, with the participation of local and regional authorities. (europa.eu)
  • Finland has an excellent opportunity to rebuild itself in line with the principles of sustainable development, as a nation with a sustainable social structure, a well-educated population and a high level of technological expertise. (valtioneuvosto.fi)
  • A High- Level Transformation Steering Group under the Prime Minister's authority was created, which will supervise the reform. (europa.eu)
  • A vibrant research community addressing health issues at a local, regional and international level. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • There would be, for example, 11,000 fewer children suffering from tooth decay, and 5,500 more children reaching the right level of personal and social development to help them prepare for learning and school life. (ncb.org.uk)
  • The commitments outlined below (introduction schedule, scope of funding, etc.) are finalized during collective negotiations with the trade union association and are enshrined in the Agreements between the Company and the association, and in local rules and regulations. (lukoil.com)
  • Which authorities investigate and decide on pharmaceutical mergers and the anticompetitive nature of conduct or agreements in the pharmaceutical sector? (gettingthedealthrough.com)
  • What remedies can competition authorities impose for anticompetitive conduct or agreements by pharmaceutical companies? (gettingthedealthrough.com)
  • The Farmers Market Promotion Program (FMPP) offers grants to projects that assist in the development, improvement, and expansion of domestic farmers markets, roadside stands, community‐supported agriculture (CSA) programs, agritourism activities, and other direct producer‐to‐consumer market opportunities. (ruralhealthinfo.org)
  • The urban population was estimated at about 11 million, with high concentration in the capital and the regional centres. (fao.org)
  • The University Lyon 1 is situated on 11 different sites in four of the principal centres of activity of the Rhône-Alpes region of France : the cities of Lyon, Saint-Etienne and Bourg-en-Bresse and the town of Roanne. (univ-lyon1.fr)
  • The team also focus on maximising the contribution of the farm asset to the household income through improved efficiency, scheme participation and the development of new and alternative income sources such as artisan food and agri-tourism enterprises. (teagasc.ie)
  • The study is part of a wider OECD project promoting access to private finance for green investments in the EU Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries, and follows on from a regional assessment undertaken in 2015. (oecd.org)
  • The term "regional food chain coordination" means coordination and collaboration along the supply chain to increase connections between producers and markets. (house.gov)
  • It was produced by the Institute's Intelligence and Surveillance Team and developed in collaboration with commissioners and partners across several different local authorities. (ljmu.ac.uk)
  • Though much of this part focuses on urban development in Europe, it also covers American urbanisation and the problems of urbanisation in the developing world. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • The second part of the module deals with the emergence of measures to regulate urban development from the middle ages to the 20th century. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • The central part of the module introduces the British planning system as an administrative tool and the final third of the module explores its application to matters of current concern including the accomodation of new housebuilding at the sub-regional scale, and urban conservation. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • We're a not-for-profit membership association, a Regional Internet Registry and the secretariat for the RIPE community supporting the Internet through technical coordination. (ripe.net)
  • What zoning measures does the community use separately or include in the Master Plan to encourage dense, mixed-use development? (cdc.gov)
  • strengthening and contributing to structuring Algerian associations in France, by promoting the mobilization of skills and the involvement of Algerian migrants (particularly those from the kabyle community) in concrete local development projects. (migration4development.org)
  • There's a lot of straws in the Biscayne,' said Gary Moyer, manager of the Indian Trace Community Development District in Weston. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • But let us not forget that it was the local community and the local administration that provided immediate relief. (scribd.com)
  • Intelligence agents and police shut the Damascus office of the Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression, a local advocacy group, on September 13, according to local and regional news reports. (cpj.org)
  • The local health department then reviews and revises the report, disseminates the findings and recommendations, and works with OHA HIA Program staff to evaluate the project. (cdc.gov)
  • Against a backdrop of chaos and development, improvement in data systems and technology made health data more available in the ensuing decades, but the problems of summarization and interpretation persist. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Efforts to help expand the availability of primary health care throughout the Delta are a top priority of the agency," said Christopher Masingill, Federal Co-Chairman for the Delta Regional Authority. (astate.edu)
  • But more importantly, this commitment from the Delta Regional Authority further validates what we see as a real need for the Delta, and that's more access to primary health care. (astate.edu)
  • Although health is central to the concern for sustainable development, the health aspects of Agenda 21 were often porly represented in practice. (who.int)
  • Its aim was to jumpstart the Kenyan economy towards long term growth and development, after the 2007/2008 post election violence that affected the Kenyan economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Third, the possibility that non-conforming jurisdictions may benefit at the expense of other jurisdictions and the overall regional economy suggests that the distribution of jurisdictional benefits should be explicitly examined and addressed when the SCS is developed. (redorbit.com)