Fatty Alcohols: Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Detergents: Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.Waxes: A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Sjogren-Larsson Syndrome: An autosomal recessive neurocutaneous disorder characterized by severe ichthyosis MENTAL RETARDATION; SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA; and congenital ICHTHYOSIS. It is caused by mutation of gene encoding microsomal fatty ALDEHYDE DEHYDROGENASE leading to defect in fatty alcohol metabolism.Aldehyde Oxidoreductases: Oxidoreductases that are specific for ALDEHYDES.Marinobacter: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria in the family ALTEROMONADACEAE. The inability to utilize carbohydrates is a distinguishing feature from other genera in the family.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Glyceryl Ethers: Compounds in which one or more of the three hydroxyl groups of glycerol are in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol; one or two of the hydroxyl groups of glycerol may be esterified. These compounds have been found in various animal tissue.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)EstersPlasmalogens: GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS in which one of the two acyl chains is attached to glycerol with an ether alkenyl linkage instead of an ester as with the other glycerophospholipids.Alcohol Oxidoreductases: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).Meibomian Glands: The sebaceous glands situated on the inner surface of the eyelids between the tarsal plates and CONJUNCTIVA.Aldehydes: Organic compounds containing a carbonyl group in the form -CHO.Candida tropicalis: A species of MITOSPORIC FUNGI that is a major cause of SEPTICEMIA and disseminated CANDIDIASIS, especially in patients with LYMPHOMA; LEUKEMIA; and DIABETES MELLITUS. It is also found as part of the normal human mucocutaneous flora.Alcohol Dehydrogenase: A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alkanes: The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Palmitic Acid: A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids.Acyl Coenzyme A: S-Acyl coenzyme A. Fatty acid coenzyme A derivatives that are involved in the biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids as well as in ceramide formation.Acyltransferases: Enzymes from the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of acyl groups from donor to acceptor, forming either esters or amides. (From Enzyme Nomenclature 1992) EC 2.3.Palmitic Acids: A group of 16-carbon fatty acids that contain no double bonds.Ichthyosis: Any of several generalized skin disorders characterized by dryness, roughness, and scaliness, due to hypertrophy of the stratum corneum epidermis. Most are genetic, but some are acquired, developing in association with other systemic disease or genetic syndrome.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Fatty Liver: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells resulting in a yellow-colored liver. The abnormal lipid accumulation is usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES, either as a single large droplet or multiple small droplets. Fatty liver is caused by an imbalance in the metabolism of FATTY ACIDS.Biosynthetic Pathways: Sets of enzymatic reactions occurring in organisms and that form biochemicals by making new covalent bonds.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Fatty Acids, Nonesterified: FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Coenzyme A Ligases: Enzymes that catalyze the formation of acyl-CoA derivatives. EC 6.2.1.Octoxynol: Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Octoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide.Fatty Acid Synthases: Enzymes that catalyze the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA derivatives.Microbodies: Electron-dense cytoplasmic particles bounded by a single membrane, such as PEROXISOMES; GLYOXYSOMES; and glycosomes.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Benzyl Alcohols: Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.Surface-Active Agents: Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins: Intracellular proteins that reversibly bind hydrophobic ligands including: saturated and unsaturated FATTY ACIDS; EICOSANOIDS; and RETINOIDS. They are considered a highly conserved and ubiquitously expressed family of proteins that may play a role in the metabolism of LIPIDS.Fatty Acids, Essential: Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.Fatty Acid Desaturases: A family of enzymes that catalyze the stereoselective, regioselective, or chemoselective syn-dehydrogenation reactions. They function by a mechanism that is linked directly to reduction of molecular OXYGEN.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Weight Lifting: A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.OhioInventors: Persons or entities that introduce a novel composition, device, or process, as well as improvements thereof.Anabolic Agents: These compounds stimulate anabolism and inhibit catabolism. They stimulate the development of muscle mass, strength, and power.Electrolytes: Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
  • The book contains the formulae of diverse types of soaps, detergents (cake, powder and liquid) toiletries, methodical testing method, quality control of complete products, packing criterion of cosmetics and toiletries along with project profiles, machinery photographs and addresses of raw material, plant and machinery suppliers. (niir.org)
  • ALKONAT® 1214 CL and ALKONAT® 1214 CH differ by the content of Cetyl Alcohol (C16), with higher contents for ALKONAT® 1214 CH. The main markets of the ALKONAT® line are those of cosmetics and cleaners, in addition to other industrial applications. (ulprospector.com)
  • This process affords even-numbered alcohols: Al(C2H5)3 + 18 C2H4 → Al(C14H29)3 Al(C14H29)3 + ​3⁄2 O2 + ​3⁄2 H2O → 3 HOC14H29 + ​1⁄2 Al2O3 Alternatively ethylene can be oligomerized to give mixtures of alkenes, which are subjected to hydroformylation, this process affording odd-numbered aldehyde, which is subsequently hydrogenated. (wikipedia.org)
  • by the addition of one or more detergency improvers, comprising the ethylene oxide adducts of C,.C substantially unbranehed alkanols having a deficiency of ethylene oxide as compared with the ethylene oxide content of adducts having detergent properties. (google.com)
  • No oiling-out or flow problems have been encountered with nonionic detergent compositions of the type disclosed in the present application in the absence ofa detergency improver of this invention, probably because of the greater hydrophilic properties imparted by the higher ethylene oxide content of the nonionic detergents as compared with the more hydrophobic or oily properties characteristic of the detergency improvers having comparatively low ethylene oxide contents. (google.com)
  • The alcohols are then further reacted chemically with things like ethylene oxide and sulphuric acid. (sweetcakes.com)
  • We're talking, converting hydrocarbons to alcohol, and then reacting the fatty alcohol with an ethylene oxide, and perhaps further reacting that with a sulfur-containing oxide. (butterbeliever.com)
  • Fatty alcohols (or long-chain alcohols) are usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4-6 carbons to as many as 22-26, derived from natural fats and oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Factors such as declining petroleum supplies and the rising use of plant oil for human consumption have been restricting the development of fatty oils. (finanznachrichten.de)
  • Syndets start with fatty alcohols which can be distilled from petroleum or derived from natural oils. (thebeautybrains.com)
  • So-called "natural" fatty alcohols certainly use natural fatty oils or fats as starting materials but they are then heavily processed to convert them to alcohols. (sweetcakes.com)
  • In considering oilseed crops with modified fatty acid composition three question have to be addressed: why is it nesessary to have oils and fats with composition different from that supplied by nature? (go.jp)
  • Our increased understanding of the nutritional necessary to provide healthy food and of the physical properties required for good quality spreads or frying oils allow us to write specifications for ideal oils in terms of their fatty acid composition. (go.jp)
  • You could try unscented detergent and adding essential oils for scent (people add them to the dryer with dryer balls as well). (simplelivingforum.net)
  • Various oils and detergents enhance the microbial production of farnesol and related prenyl alcohols. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Methyl ester sulfonate has superior detergent properties such as high adsorption, solubilization, and dispersing capabilities for particles and oily soil. (openpr.com)
  • 252-461) v This invention relates to cleansing and laundering compositions, and more particularly, cleansing and laundering compositions containing polyelectrolyte builder mate rials that serve to enhance the cleaning capacity of detergent compounds. (google.es)
  • The ever increasing interest in built detergent compositions has resulted in an expanding list of available builder compounds. (google.es)
  • These compounds, which constitute the most widely commercially used builders when used in detergent compositions have a strong tendency to hydrolyze into less condensed phosphorus compounds which are relatively inferior builders and, which may, in fact, form undesirable 3,398,967 Patented Mar. 7, 1967 precipitates in aqueous washing solutions. (google.es)
  • Specific types of detergent compositions and oily liquid detergency improvers to which the present invention is applicable are exemplified in copending applications Ser. (google.com)
  • 2. The Prior Art The caking of detergent or other compositions, or the interference with free-flowing properties by the presence of water or oily substance has always presented a problem, and this problem has received considerable attention in the art, as shown in the summary which follows. (google.com)
  • These compositions contain a binary system represented by a water-insoluble hydrocarbon solvent and a long-chain fatty alcohol. (google.com)
  • It has been found to be very useful to have enzymes in dishwashing detergent compositions because enzymes are very effective in removing food soils from the surface of glasses, dishes, pots, pans and eating utensils. (google.com.au)
  • When I first heard about this product, I was immediately intrigued because soapnuts are a great natural detergent. (treehugger.com)
  • Products Ethoxylated lauryl Alcohol Product Description Inquiry If you have any questions,feedback or comments, please fill out the form below and we will reply you back as soon as possible. (benadorassociates.com)
  • Evaluation and Comparison of the Cobalt Thiocyanate and Modified Dragendorf Reagent Test Methods for Nonionic Detergents. (epa.gov)
  • b. from about 0.1% to about 15% by weight of the detergent composition of separate acidulant particles, wherein the acidulant particles are fumario acid. (google.es)
  • 5. The detergent composition of claim 1 wherein the detergent base particles and the acidulant particles are admixed thereby forming a non-caking powder laundry detergent. (google.es)
  • The caking and flow-inhibiting properties imparted by the external incorporation of an oily detergent improver on the particles of a heat-dried detergent composition, are inhibited by a porous or finely divided flow-promoting agent, also applied externally. (google.com)
  • such as would be encountered when an oily liquid detergency improver is applied to the particles of a particulate detergent composition in the absence of the flow-promoting agent. (google.com)
  • The conventional detergent composition having therein an anionic or nonionic detergent and a polyphosphate imparts a level of detergency within ranges regarded usual in the art. (google.com)
  • caking of the detergent composition containing the detergency improvers of the invention, along with stickiness of the detergent product in the carton and oiling out. (google.com)
  • Our desire to modify fatty acid composition is at least one century old and over that period of time a range of methods-some technological and some biological-have been developed. (go.jp)
  • 39. A detergent product comprising a combination of a composition according to any preceding Claim and a packaging system, wherein the packaging system has a moisture vapour transfer rate of from 0 gm**(-2)day**(-1) to less than 20 gm**(-2)day**(-1). (epo.org)
  • 2. The composition of claim 1 wherein (a) the non-quaternized detergent contains an amide group, wherein the quaternary ammonium salt detergent is a quaternary ammonium amide salt detergent. (sumobrain.com)
  • 3. The composition of any of the claims 1 to 2 wherein a protic solvent is present during the reaction of (a) and (b) and wherein the reaction of (a) and (b) is essentially free of any additional acid component other than any acid group present in the structure of the detergent. (sumobrain.com)
  • 4. The composition of claim 3 wherein the protic solvent comprises a linear or branched alcohol containing 1 to 10 carbon atoms. (sumobrain.com)
  • 5. The composition of any of the claims 1 to 4, wherein (a), the non- quaternized detergent, comprises the condensation product of a hydrocarbyl- substituted acylating agent and a compound having an oxygen or nitrogen atom capable of condensing with said acylating agent and further having at least one tertiary amino group. (sumobrain.com)
  • The other advantages of MES include low toxicity, biodegradability similar to linear alkylbenzene sulfonates and biodegradability faster than fatty alcohol sulphate (FAS). (openpr.com)
  • Builder compounds have been found to have some effect, for instance, in such areas as stabilization of solid soil suspension, emulsification of soil particles, the surface activity of aqueous detergent solutions, solubilization of water-insoluble materials, foaming or sud producing characteristics of the washing solution, peptization of soil agglomerates, neutralization of acid soil, and the inactivation of mineral constituents present in the washing solution. (google.es)
  • In aqueous solutions detergents form spherical micelles which have the ability to encapsulate hydrophobic particles such as membrane proteins. (biosynth.com)
  • Aqueous solution of alcohol and oil suspension of alpha tocopherol acetate was administered using metal cannula attached to syringe. (ispub.com)
  • A powder laundry detergent has improved solubility in the laundering solution and improved dispensability by incorporating an acidulant that, in its acid form, is sparingly soluble in water and, in its salt form, is soluble in water. (google.es)
  • In more detail, the combination, of a long-chain fatty alcohol with a particular water-insoluble hydrocarbon solvent in specific weight ratios, provides superior cleaning, allows excellent component emulsification and yields a creamy consistency. (google.com)
  • Acusol, often found as an approved ingredient on our Schedule A's, is a Rohm & Haas trademark for water-soluble polymers made for reducing encrustation, increasing soil removal and preventing soil re-deposition in detergent and cleaning products. (oukosher.org)
  • How well do our waste water treatment facilities actually break down and eliminate spent laundry detergent molecules? (copperwiki.org)
  • In this research, polyester fabrics were first scoured with nonionic detergent and then treated with three concentrations of nano and micro silicone softeners in water including 10, 20 and 30 g/L at 30°C for 60 seconds by padding method. (degruyter.com)
  • A few drops colorless, mild detergent or dishwashing liquid in 1 cup lukewarm water. (thesteamteam.com)
  • DETERGENT SOLUTION - - Mix one teaspoonful of a colorless, mild detergent or dishwashing liquid in a cup of lukewarm water. (rainbowintl.com)
  • In contrast, one medium-sized load of laundry using our Liquid Detergent needs 18kWh of electricity and 1.1 cubic meters of water (approximate cost: P288.06). (humanheartnature.com)
  • I remembered what an uncle said about laundry: it's the water that does most of the cleaning and you need just a little detergent to help water do its job. (iherb.com)
  • Normal detergents do not remove allergens in cold water but AllerTech Laundry Detergent does its important job of getting your clothes their cleanest in any temperature water while removing dust mite waste and removing allergens wherever they lurk in the fabric you love. (allergyasthmatech.com)
  • In fact, many laundry detergents contain water softeners, to counteract hardness in the water and prevent minerals from depositing on fabrics, which prevents them from getting clean. (butterbeliever.com)