Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.History of DentistryDentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Geriatric Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of older people.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Military Dentistry: The practice of dentistry as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.State Dentistry: Control, direction and financing of the total dental care of the population by a national government.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Surgery, Oral: A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Forensic Dentistry: The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.Dentists, Women: Female dentists.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Oral Medicine: A branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the oral and paraoral structures and the oral management of systemic diseases. (Hall, What is Oral Medicine, Anyway? Clinical Update: National Naval Dental Center, March 1991, p7-8)American Dental Association: Professional society representing the field of dentistry.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Endodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Orthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Tooth DiseasesDiagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.United States Health Resources and Services Administration: A component of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that provides leadership related to the delivery of health services and the requirements for and distribution of health resources, including manpower training.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Foreign Professional Personnel: Persons who have acquired academic or specialized training in countries other than that in which they are working. The concept excludes physicians for which FOREIGN MEDICAL GRADUATES is the likely heading.Mouth DiseasesSchool Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Occupational Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with maintaining oral health of employees in occupational environments.National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It seeks to improve oral, dental and craniofacial health through research, research training, and the dissemination of health information by conducting and supporting basic and clinical research. It was established in 1948 as the National Institute of Dental Research and re-named in 1998 as the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.Private Practice: Practice of a health profession by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Dental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Legislation, Dental: Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Staff Development: The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Philosophy, DentalRoot Canal Therapy: A treatment modality in endodontics concerned with the therapy of diseases of the dental pulp. For preparatory procedures, ROOT CANAL PREPARATION is available.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Education, Predental: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.Group Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Mouth Rehabilitation: Process of restoring damaged or decayed teeth using various restorative and non-cosmetic materials so that oral health is improved.Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Delegation, Professional: The process of assigning duties to a subordinate with lesser qualifications.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Dental Implants, Single-Tooth: Devices, usually alloplastic, surgically inserted into or onto the jawbone, which support a single prosthetic tooth and serve either as abutments or as cosmetic replacements for missing teeth.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Economics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Historiography: The writing of history; the principles, theory, and history of historical writing; the product of historical writing. (Webster, 3d ed)Patient Care Planning: Usually a written medical and nursing care program designed for a particular patient.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.NebraskaSpecialty Boards: Organizations which certify physicians and dentists as specialists in various fields of medical and dental practice.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Administrative Personnel: Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Denture, Partial, Fixed: A partial denture attached to prepared natural teeth, roots, or implants by cementation.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Dental Implantation, Endosseous: Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Oral Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Hydrocarbons, IodinatedDental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment: Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.United StatesCredentialing: The recognition of professional or technical competence through registration, certification, licensure, admission to association membership, the award of a diploma or degree, etc.Aptitude Tests: Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.Dental Porcelain: A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Dental Restoration, Temporary: A prosthesis or restoration placed for a limited period, from several days to several months, which is designed to seal the tooth and maintain its position until a permanent restoration (DENTAL RESTORATION, PERMANENT) will replace it. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Conscious Sedation: A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Self-Evaluation Programs: Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Ethics, Business: The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.Lip DiseasesCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.MuseumsTokyoBehavior Control: Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Carticaine: A thiophene-containing local anesthetic pharmacologically similar to MEPIVACAINE.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Manifest Anxiety Scale: True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported: A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Denturists: Individuals who fabricate and fit DENTURES without the supervision of DENTISTS. (from Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 27th ed) They may or may not have formal education in health sciences, but are well versed in the art of constructing dentures.Radiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Dental High-Speed Technique: Dental methods involving the use of DENTAL HIGH-SPEED EQUIPMENT.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Occlusal Adjustment: Selective grinding of occlusal surfaces of the teeth in an effort to eliminate premature contacts and occlusal interferences; to establish optimal masticatory effectiveness, stable occlusal relationships, direction of main occlusal forces, and efficient multidirectional patterns, to improve functional relations and to induce physiologic stimulation of the masticatory system; to eliminate occlusal trauma; to eliminate abnormal muscle tension; to aid in the stabilization of orthodontic results; to treat periodontal and temporomandibular joint problems; and in restorative procedures. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Dental High-Speed Equipment: Tools used in dentistry that operate at high rotation speeds.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Tooth Fractures: Break or rupture of a tooth or tooth root.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Deep Sedation: Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Tooth, Unerupted: A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.FormocresolsJournalism, Dental: Content, management, editing, policies, and printing of dental periodicals such as journals, newsletters, tabloids, and bulletins.Dental Veneers: The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.Radiography, Panoramic: Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.Pharmaceutical Preparations, Dental: Drugs intended for DENTISTRY.Histology: The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.Consumer Organizations: Organized groups of users of goods and services.KentuckyDental Impression Technique: Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Northwestern United States: The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.Time Management: Planning and control of time to improve efficiency and effectiveness.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Medicine, Ayurvedic: The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.Knowledge of Results (Psychology): A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.Dental Restoration Repair: The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.Facial Pain: Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)Denture Design: The plan, delineation, and location of actual structural elements of dentures. The design can relate to retainers, stress-breakers, occlusal rests, flanges, framework, lingual or palatal bars, reciprocal arms, etc.Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.

Occupational hazards of dentistry. (1/198)

Dental professionals are susceptible to a number of occupational hazards. Relying on relevant literature, the present paper discusses selected occupational hazards - occupational biohazards, stressful situations, and latex hypersensitivity, as well as factors leading to the musculoskeletal system diseases and diseases of the peripheral nervous system.  (+info)

The evolution of a teledentistry system within the Department of Defense. (2/198)

Total Dental Access (TDA) is the teledentistry project within the Department of Defense. This project enables referring dentists from the US Armed Forces to consult with specialists on the status of a patient. TDA focuses on three areas of dentistry: patient care, continuing education and dentist-laboratory communications. One of the goals of this project is to increase patient access to quality dental care. The other goal is to establish a cost effective telemedicine system. This paper describes the evolution of a teledentistry system, the main features of POTS-based, ISDN-based and Web-based systems used, advantages, disadvantages and cost-effectiveness of these systems. Data has been collected on the frequency of use, technical problems occurred, avoided patient or specialist travel and the total number of consults. A cost-effectiveness analysis has been conducted on the data collected. The results of this analysis will be presented.  (+info)

Work-related vision hazards in the dental office. (3/198)

Among the numerous threats to the dentist's health there is one relating to the eye. The paper discusses the impact of selected adverse factors on the eye in connection with dental practice in the surgery.  (+info)

Microbial biofilm formation and contamination of dental-unit water systems in general dental practice. (4/198)

Dental-unit water systems (DUWS) harbor bacterial biofilms, which may serve as a haven for pathogens. The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial load of water from DUWS in general dental practices and the biofouling of DUWS tubing. Water and tube samples were taken from 55 dental surgeries in southwestern England. Contamination was determined by viable counts on environmentally selective, clinically selective, and pathogen-selective media, and biofouling was determined by using microscopic and image analysis techniques. Microbial loading ranged from 500 to 10(5) CFU. ml(-1); in 95% of DUWS water samples, it exceeded European Union drinking water guidelines and in 83% it exceeded American Dental Association DUWS standards. Among visible bacteria, 68% were viable by BacLight staining, but only 5% of this "viable by BacLight" fraction produced colonies on agar plates. Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium spp., Candida spp., and Pseudomonas spp. were detected in one, five, two, and nine different surgeries, respectively. Presumptive oral streptococci and Fusobacterium spp. were detected in four and one surgeries, respectively, suggesting back siphonage and failure of antiretraction devices. Hepatitis B virus was never detected. Decontamination strategies (5 of 55 surgeries) significantly reduced biofilm coverage but significantly increased microbial numbers in the water phase (in both cases, P < 0.05). Microbial loads were not significantly different in DUWS fed with soft, hard, deionized, or distilled water or in different DUWS (main, tank, or bottle fed). Microbiologically, no DUWS can be considered "cleaner" than others. DUWS deliver water to patients with microbial levels exceeding those considered safe for drinking water.  (+info)

Unconventional dentistry: Part I. Introduction. (5/198)

This is the first in a series of five articles providing a contemporary overview and introduction to unconventional (alternative) dentistry (UD) and correlation with unconventional (alternative) medicine (UM). UD is analogous to and conceptually inseparable from UM. Dentists should learn about UD and UM and be aware of evidence on the safety and effectiveness of treatments and procedures. While being skeptical of promotions, dentists should be able to accept and encompass science-based advances and reject unproven and disproven methods. Incorporating selected unconventional methods with conventional dentistry in selected patients for specific purposes may be useful to both patients and dentists. Improved education in critical thinking, research, science, medicine, behaviour, communication and patient management is needed.  (+info)

Unconventional dentistry: Part II. Practitioners and patients. (6/198)

This is the second in a series of five articles providing a contemporary overview and introduction to unconventional dentistry (UD) and its correlation with unconventional medicine (UM). Dentists may provide unconventional services and use or prescribe unconventional products because of personal beliefs, boredom with conventional practice, lack of understanding of the scientific process or financial motivation. To promote these UD practices, unrecognized credentials and self-proclaimed specialties are advertised. Characteristics of users of unconventional practices are varied; however, UD users are more often female and highly educated. UD practitioners and users generally appear to be analogous to UM practitioners and users. Some UD treatments are more invasive or more costly than conventional dentistry.  (+info)

Unconventional dentistry: Part III. Legal and regulatory issues. (7/198)

This is the third in a series of 5 articles providing a contemporary overview and introduction to unconventional dentistry (UD) and its correlation to unconventional medicine (UM). UD presents issues of dental quackery, fraud and malpractice, and it also engenders professional concerns about public protection and professional risks. Case reports illustrate numerous issues. The reader is encouraged to evaluate the cases for problems related to malpractice, fraud, ethics, behaviours and professionalism. A discussion of ethical issues is beyond the scope of this paper.  (+info)

An analysis of antibiotic prescriptions from general dental practitioners in England. (8/198)

The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotics prescribed by general dental practitioners (GDPs). Adult antibiotic prescriptions issued by GDPs from 10 Health Authorities (HAs) in England were analysed. The type of antibiotic prescribed, dose, frequency and duration were investigated. Most of the 17007 prescriptions were for generic antibiotics; nine different antibiotics were prescribed. Many practitioners prescribed antibiotics inappropriately with inconsistent frequency and dose, and for prolonged periods.  (+info)

  • The School offers M. D. S. in specializations such as Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Medicine & Radiology, Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Ortho Dontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Pedodontics & Preventive Detistry, Periodontology, Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge and Public Health Dentistry. (amrita.edu)
  • At Dentistry for Health NY, the cornerstone of our practice is the oral systemic link, meaning that your teeth and gum health are linked to your overall body health and vice versa. (dentistryforhealthny.com)
  • As the professional association for dentists in the UK, we work to promote a positive image of dentistry. (bda.org)
  • In this video, we showcase the work of five dentists, doing very different roles across dentistry in the UK. (bda.org)
  • We are seeking case studies from dentists and dental care professionals to feature on our website , which help to showcase the different roles and career paths dentists do, to help us tell the world about UK dentistry. (bda.org)
  • As the professional organisation for dentistry and as a representative body, we campaign for better terms working lives for dentists across the UK , working in all fields of practice - join us . (bda.org)
  • The BDS course offered by Amrita School of Dentistry commenced in September 2003 and was inaugurated by Smt. (amrita.edu)
  • Amrita School of Dentistry amalgamates dental education with value-based education. (amrita.edu)
  • In a very short span Amrita School of Dentistry was listed among the first few dental institutions in the country. (amrita.edu)
  • You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article " Holistic Dentistry: Fads vs. Evidence-Based Practices . (lattafamilydentistry.com)
  • Izchak Barzilay has been an instructor at the University of Toronto's Faculty of Dentistry for over 33 years while maintaining a successful practice. (utoronto.ca)
  • Not only does Sturner Dentistry deliver the highest quality care, the practice provides the greatest comfort and convenience. (charlottemagazine.com)
  • Dentistry For Health New York offers the most innovative, state-of-the-art dental care within a green, sustainable environment, unlike any other dental practice. (dentistryforhealthny.com)
  • It wasn't long before Kerr's international work led to a project closer to home: the Volunteer Dental Outreach for Haliburton County, a charity offering free dentistry to low income adults. (utoronto.ca)
  • Ayan Dentistry is the discerning choice for the people who know what a beautiful, healthy smile can mean for their appearance. (fifthavenuesouth.com)
  • In this review, we discuss the relationship between sports and dentistry, and the importance of educating parents, teachers, and children in prevention of injuries related to the sports. (heraldmeetings.com)
  • The program is designed to provide graduates with clinical proficiency in a specialty area, research experience, and exposure to the fundamentals of teaching in dentistry. (uky.edu)
  • The advanced Operative Dentistry program is not an ADA-recognized specialty. (bu.edu)
  • Dentistry is often also understood to subsume the now largely defunct medical specialty of stomatology (the study of the mouth and its disorders and diseases) for which reason the two terms are used interchangeably in certain regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • We are continuing the strong tradition, and are pleased to provide comprehensive dental care to your child, including emergency trauma care 24-hours a day, orthodontic care and a host of specialist consultants in Endodontics, Periodontics, Esthetic Dentistry and Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Applications for and research on lasers in dentistry continues to expand since their introduction to the dental profession. (ada.org)
  • Applying a biological concept to the practice of dentistry began in the late 1800s, when the National Dental Association recognized the harmful effects of mercury (amalgam) fillings, and mandated that members of the association not use these on their patients. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This book offers a thorough, clinically oriented review of hemostasis and its impact on the practice of dentistry. (springer.com)
  • Dental schools like to see applicants with shadowing experience, as it shows that the student has a solid grasp of what is involved in the practice of dentistry. (wooster.edu)
  • The Department of Dentistry has a reputation of excellence in the delivery of integrated secondary, tertiary and quaternary care. (sickkids.ca)
  • The integrated specialist dental care provided by the Department of Dentistry cannot be provided in the community. (sickkids.ca)
  • This new electronic system will put patient information at our fingertips, no matter where we are in the hospital," explains Michael Casas , Department of Dentistry Director. (sickkids.ca)
  • The Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry offers fully accredited programs at the undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate levels, and ongoing professional development activities. (ualberta.ca)
  • In stressing the importance of dealing with personality in dentistry, Goldstein, who serves as a consultant for the department of postgraduate dentistry at UC San Francisco, said that Type A individuals are more likely to suffer from TMJ, which includes symptoms such as headache, dizziness and tightness in the back of the neck and face. (latimes.com)
  • doctorate such as Doctor of Clinical Dentistry (DClinDent), Doctor of Medical Science/Sciences (DMSc), or PhD;or medical degree: Doctor of Medicine/Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MD/MBBS) specific to maxillofacial surgery and sometimes oral medicine). (wikipedia.org)
  • A few other post-graduate formal advanced education programs: GPR, GDR, MTP residencies (advanced clinical and didactic training with intense hospital experience) and AEGD, SEGD, and GradDipClinDent programs (advanced training in clinical dentistry) are recognized but do not lead to specialization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supporters of holistic dentistry state that mercury in amalgam fillings causes ill effects when placed as an implant in the body. (encyclopedia.com)
  • T he Dentistry Outreach Team at King's College London provides a range of free services for London state school students who are interested in pursuing a career in Dentistry. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • These activities are in association with the Enhanced Support Dentistry Programme (ESDP) at King's College London which provides mentor guidance and flexible grade entry to the King's College London Dental Institute BDS programme. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The 24-month Certificate of Advanced Graduate Study (CAGS) in Operative Dentistry program offers advanced education in the conceptual, biological, and practical components of operative and esthetic dentistry. (bu.edu)
  • The main aim is the development and defence of a doctoral thesis in Dentistry, in which process the doctoral student must provide an extensive professional training in various fields, especially those that require creativity and innovation. (uv.es)
  • While traditional dentistry focuses only on the areas above the neck, holistic dentistry looks at the patient as a whole system and how the mouth relates to the rest of the body. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The origins of holistic dentistry remain with Price's manuscripts and photographs at the Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation in La Mesa , California . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Since the late 1800s, supporters of holistic dentistry continue to state their concerns regarding several procedures and recommendations of conventional dentistry including the use of fluoride in drinking water and in teeth cleansers. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Holistic dentistry is said to be an emerging new field of probiotic dental medicine - a type of medicine that supports the life process. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The benefits of holistic dentistry are said to be the result of its incorporation of hypnosis, homeopathy, aromatherapy , nutrition, and herbology. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This first edition of A Dictionary of Dentistry provides over 4,000 definitions covering all the important terms and concepts used in dentistry today. (oxfordreference.com)
  • The specific aim of the doctoral programme in Dentistry is the doctoral student of this programme is competent in the development of research techniques of the field of Stomatology and Dentistry, as well as in the evaluation and interpreting the obtained results throughout them. (uv.es)
  • The verification application of the doctoral programme in Dentristry is jutified by the need of continuity with our current Official Doctoral Programme in Dentistry of Universitat de València and with the prior doctoral programme Physiopathology of the Stomatognathic System that devoleped in our Department of Stomatology during many years, both in its doctoral courses and in the research phase with the preparation of numerous doctoral thesis. (uv.es)
  • The adaptation of these studies to the Royal Decree 1393/2007 motivated the application and after its approval, the implementation of a training period constituted by the Master's Degree in Dental Sciences, of research orientaiton, as well as the presentation to verify this proposal of doctoral programme in Dentistry. (uv.es)
  • We are the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta, one of the world's elite academic health sciences centres, where top students are taught by award-winning educators and mentored by renowned scientists in a dynamic learning environment. (ualberta.ca)
  • The Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry has an intranet that shares relevant information with faculty and staff. (ualberta.ca)
  • The Division of Community Engagement in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta is an academic unit that recognizes the many diverse communities that we are a part of and the need to ensure a balance between health science, social accountability and humanism. (ualberta.ca)
  • Convocation - Health Sciences (Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Dentistry). (mcgill.ca)
  • The schools of medicine, pharmacy and dentistry are in Chicago. (dictionary.com)
  • The digital revolution that is transforming every aspect of our world is also impacting dentistry and medicine in a multitude of ways, from electronic record-keeping and data analysis to new diagnostic tools, novel prevention methods-and revolutionary treatment options. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Educational background and previous training in dentistry, demonstrated by a degree in dental medicine from a foreign institution. (bu.edu)
  • Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area. (wikipedia.org)
  • See sleep dentistry in the section of sleep medicine about the US. (wikipedia.org)
  • Applied Clinical Research and Public Health is a research area within which you can focus your studies as part of our suite of Dentistry research programmes (MPhil, PhD). (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • At least one Dalhousie University alumnus has stopped giving money to the Halifax institution as a result of the scandal over a misogynistic Facebook group run by dentistry students. (cbc.ca)
  • Our aim is to encourage students from backgrounds that are under-represented in higher education to apply for dentistry undergraduate programmes, and to provide them with support and guidance through the application process. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Tentative Date) Last day of lectures (including examinations) for 2nd year Dentistry students. (mcgill.ca)
  • The summer program gave high school and college students an opportunity to explore careers in dentistry. (ohsu.edu)
  • The IHS Division of Oral Health (DOH) Externship Program provides third-year dental students the opportunity to explore a career in Indian health dentistry. (ihs.gov)
  • The university has not commented on that complaint, or answered questions about what happens when the dentistry students return to classes on Monday. (cbc.ca)
  • The Award is made in recognition of outstanding contributions to Conservative Dentistry over a long period, in one or more of the fields of clinical practice, education, research, contributions to society, leadership and the promotion of professional standards. (efcd.eu)
  • The prime object of the European Federation of Conservative Dentistry, here after referred to as the "EFCD", shall be to contribute to the promotion of oral health in the public interest by encouraging excellence in the clinical practice, teaching and research pertinent to all aspects of Conservative Dentistry. (efcd.eu)
  • Congratulation to Iris Boraschi and Juliana Marulanda for receiving the Network for Oral and Bone Health Research (Réseau de Recherche en Santé Buccodentaire et Osseuse, RSBO) student scholarship award! (mcgill.ca)
  • Dalhousie's Faculty of Dentistry is at the cutting edge of current research in the field. (dal.ca)
  • Here are just a few of the research projects that have been happening in the Faculty of Dentistry. (dal.ca)
  • Our Regenerative Dentistry MSc offers you academic, practical and research teaching in the very latest developments in regenerative dentistry. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The Regenerative Dentistry MSc provides a deep understanding of all aspects of regenerative dentistry, an emerging concept that challenges modern dentistry to step up dental research, translating into new clinical treatments. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • Regenerative dentistry is for both dentists and biological scientists who desire to learn more about the latest advances in cell and molecule-based dentistry and also gain experience in carrying out laboratory-based, cutting-edge research in dental stem cell biology. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The branch of dentistry that deals with the preservation of healthy teeth and gums and the prevention of dental caries and oral disease. (dictionary.com)