Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
Substances used in biomedicine or dentistry predominantly for their physical, as opposed to chemical, properties.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.
Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.
The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.
Composite materials composed of an ion-leachable glass embedded in a polymeric matrix. They differ from GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS in that partially silanized glass particles are used to provide a direct bond to the resin matrix and the matrix is primarily formed by a light-activated, radical polymerization reaction.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Non-steroidal compounds with estrogenic activity.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Organic-inorganic hybrid polymers developed primarily for DENTAL RESTORATION. They typically contain a defined mixture of ORGANOSILICON COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; and organic POLYMERS.
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
Inorganic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule.
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Oral lesions accompanying cutaneous lichen planus or often occurring alone. The buccal mucosa, lips, gingivae, floor of the mouth, and palate are usually affected (in a descending order of frequency). Typically, oral lesions consist of radiating white or gray, velvety, threadlike lines, arranged in a reticular pattern, at the intersection of which there may be minute, white, elevated dots or streaks (Wickham's striae). (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via exposure to light.
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
Acrylic resins are a type of polymer used in medical applications such as dentures, orthodontic brackets, and surgical instruments.
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
Hospital department providing dental care.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The granting of a license to practice dentistry.
Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.
Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.
Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
Tooth diseases refer to a group of conditions that affect the structure, function, and health of the teeth and gums, including caries (cavities), gum disease, tooth sensitivity, and tooth decay.
Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.
Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.
Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.
The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.
Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
Libraries, Dental refers to the collection of books, journals, and other resources related to dentistry that are available for use by dental professionals and students.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.
Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
Dental Pulp Calcification is the process of mineral deposition in the dental pulp, leading to the formation of mineralized tissue.
Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.
The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
Mouth diseases refer to a wide range of medical conditions that affect the oral cavity, including infections, inflammations, and cancers.
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Application of a protective agent to an exposed pulp (direct capping) or the remaining thin layer of dentin over a nearly exposed pulp (indirect capping) in order to allow the pulp to recover and maintain its normal vitality and function.
A means of identifying the age of an animal or human through tooth examination.
The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.
Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)
One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)
Instructional materials used in teaching.
Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.
The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.
True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.
Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.
The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.

Purification and partial characterization of a novel glucanhydrolase from Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 and its use for inhibition of insoluble glucan formation. (1/711)

A novel glucanhydrolase from a mutant of Lipomyces starkeyi ATCC 74054 was purified. The single protein (100 kDa) showed either dextranolytic or amylolytic activity. We referred to the glucanhydrolase as a DXAMase. The DXAMase was produced in a starch medium and it was 3.75-fold more active for hydrolysis of the purified insoluble-glucan of Streptococcus mutans than Penicillium funiculosum dextranase. Aggregation of S. mutans cells with dextran and adherence to glass were eliminated by incubating with the DXAMase. The addition of DXAMase (0.1 IU/ml) to the mutansucrase reaction digest with sucrose reduced the formation of insoluble-glucan about 80%. Also the DXAMase (0.5 IU/ml) removed 80% of the pre-formed sucrose-dependent adherent film. These in vitro properties of L. starkeyi KSM 22 DXAMase are desirable for its application as a dental plaque control agent.  (+info)

Oral colonization by Candida albicans. (2/711)

Candida albicans is a commensal yeast normally present in small numbers in the oral flora of a large proportion of humans. Colonization of the oral cavity by C. albicans involves the acquisition and maintenance of a stable yeast population. Micro-organisms are continually being removed from the oral cavity by host clearance mechanisms, and so, in order to survive and inhabit this eco-system, C. albicans cells have to adhere and replicate. The oral cavity presents many niches for C. albicans colonization, and the yeast is able to adhere to a plethora of ligands. These include epithelial and bacterial cell-surface molecules, extracellular matrix proteins, and dental acrylic. In addition, saliva molecules, including basic proline-rich proteins, adsorbed to many oral surfaces promote C. albicans adherence. Several adhesins present in the C. albicans cell wall have now been partially characterized. Adherence involves lectin, protein-protein, and hydrophobic interactions. As C. albicans cells evade host defenses and colonize new environments by penetrating tissues, they are exposed to new adherence receptors and respond by expressing alternative adhesins. The relatively small number of commensal Candida cells in the oral flora raises the possibility that strategies can be devised to prevent oral colonization and infection. However, the variety of oral niches and the complex adherence mechanisms of the yeast mean that such a goal will remain elusive until more is known about the contribution of each mechanism to colonization.  (+info)

Cytotoxicity of dental resin monomers in the presence of S9 mix enzymes. (3/711)

The purpose of the this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of dental resin monomers in the presence of a rat liver S9 mix containing cytochrome P 450 enzymes. JTC-12 cells derived from a monkey kidney were seeded on a 96-well multi-well-plate at 9 x 10(3) cells per well. After cultivation, the S9 mix was added to the wells as an S9 mix group (+S9), and PBS- was added to the other wells as a none-S9 mix group (-S9), then 7 different concentrations of various monomers were added to each well. All the specimens were cultured for another 24 hrs. The cell survival ratios (CSR) were calculated by using a neutral red cytotoxicity assay. CSR for 50 micrograms/mL of Bis-GMA/S9 mix was 92.6% while for none-S9 mix it was 6.6%. The values of CSR for UDMA, Bis-MPEPP, EGDMA, TEGDMA, DMAEM, 4-META and HEMA exhibited a reduction in cytotoxicity in the presence of the S9 mix. There were significant differences between +S9 and -S9 for respective monomers (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences between +S9 and -S9 for MMA (p < 0.05).  (+info)

The science of bonding: from first to sixth generation. (4/711)

BACKGROUND: Adhesive dentistry has revolutionized restorative dental practice during the past 30 years. Improved adhesive materials have made resin-based composite restorations more reliable and long-standing. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: This article reviews the evolution of bonding from the first generation to current bonding materials. It discusses the composition and effectiveness of the various iterations. Current products are highlighted to improve clinical use and performance of the materials.  (+info)

Current trends in removable prosthodontics. (5/711)

BACKGROUND: This article discusses trends in the demographics and treatment of the edentulous patient. It is clear that there still is a tremendous need for removable-prosthodontic services today. While the basic process of making dentures has changed little over the past several decades, new materials and techniques can help laboratories and clinicians provide functional, esthetic restorations that offer exceptional value to patients. Implant treatment is a tremendous adjunct to removable prosthodontics in the treatment of edentulous patients, but it is not within the financial reach of all dental patients. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The clinical skills required to deliver excellent complete denture care are also paramount to successful implant prosthodontics (fixed and removable) and esthetic dentistry. Even so, the opportunities to develop these skills and the interest appear to be decreasing at the same time that the need is projected to increase. In service to our patients, the profession must examine this trend closely.  (+info)

Work-related vision hazards in the dental office. (6/711)

Among the numerous threats to the dentist's health there is one relating to the eye. The paper discusses the impact of selected adverse factors on the eye in connection with dental practice in the surgery.  (+info)

Estrogenic activity of dental materials and bisphenol-A related chemicals in vitro. (7/711)

Twenty-eight chemicals used as dental materials and bisphenol-A related chemicals were diluted with DMSO to concentrations ranging from 10(-7) to 10(-3) M and tested for estrogenicity. Bisphenol-A (BPA), bisphenol-F (BPF) and bisphenol-A-bischloroformate (BPACF) showed estrogenic activity using the yeast two-hybrid system, and BPA, BPF, BPACF and bisphenol-S (BPS) showed estrogenic activity using the fluorescence polarization system. However, none of the remaining chemicals and none of the dental materials showed any activity at concentrations between 10(-7) and 10(-3) M. Although BPA, BPF, BPACF, bisphenol-A-dimethacrylate and BPS showed estrogenic activity in the E-screen test, the remaining chemicals did not. Thus, most of the chemicals showed consistent results, either positive or negative, by the three testing methods, while two chemicals showed conflicting results. Further studies, together with in vivo and epidemiological examinations, are required. Elucidation of the structure-activity relationships of these chemicals is also needed to estimate the estrogenicity of a chemical from its structure.  (+info)

Side-effects of dental materials reported in Scandinavian countries. (8/711)

Dental treatment usually involves a wide range of materials which continue to grow in number and complexity. During the last decade there has been an increasing demand for safety evaluation and control of dental materials. Since it is the members of the dental staff who handle the materials in their most reactive states they constitute the main risk category. Bearing this in mind reported side-effects in both patients and dental personnel in Scandinavia are presented. Data from the only two existing national registers for side-effects of dental materials, i.e. those in Norway and Sweden, are thus elucidated. Furthermore, recent mainly Scandinavian publications dealing with the side-effects of dental materials are presented. It can be concluded that a national register on the side-effects of dental materials, apart from revealing information regarding their frequency and nature, may detect changes in the profiles of adverse reactions and also serve as a tool for the post-marketing surveillance of dental materials.  (+info)

Biomedical and Dental Materials are materials that are used in the medical and dental fields to replace or repair damaged or diseased tissues, organs, or structures in the body. These materials can be natural or synthetic, and they are designed to have specific properties that make them suitable for use in medical and dental applications. Examples of biomedical and dental materials include metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites. These materials are used in a wide range of medical and dental applications, such as dental implants, orthopedic implants, cardiovascular devices, and tissue engineering scaffolds. The selection of the appropriate biomedical or dental material depends on several factors, including the intended application, the properties of the material, and the patient's individual needs and characteristics. Biomedical and dental materials must also be safe, biocompatible, and durable to ensure that they perform effectively and do not cause harm to the patient.

Dental amalgam is a type of dental filling material that is commonly used to restore teeth that have been damaged by decay or injury. It is made up of a mixture of metals, including silver, tin, copper, and mercury, which are combined to form a hard, durable material that can be shaped to fit the contours of a tooth. Dental amalgam has been used for over 150 years and is still widely used today because it is effective, durable, and relatively inexpensive. It is also a safe and effective treatment option for most patients, as the amount of mercury used in dental amalgam is very small and is not considered to be a health risk. However, some people may be concerned about the use of mercury in dental amalgam and may choose to have alternative filling materials, such as composite resin or glass ionomer cement, instead. It is important to discuss the pros and cons of different filling materials with your dentist to determine the best option for your individual needs.

Dental care refers to the maintenance and treatment of the teeth and gums to promote oral health and prevent or treat dental problems. It includes regular check-ups, cleaning, and fluoride treatments to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Dental care also involves the diagnosis and treatment of oral health problems such as cavities, gum disease, toothaches, and oral infections. In some cases, dental care may also involve the placement of dental implants, bridges, crowns, or dentures to restore or replace missing teeth. Overall, dental care is an essential part of maintaining good overall health and well-being.

In the medical field, composite resins are a type of dental filling material that is used to restore teeth that have been damaged by decay or trauma. They are made up of a mixture of glass particles and a resin binder, and are often used to fill small to medium-sized cavities. Composite resins are popular among dentists because they are tooth-colored, which means they can be matched to the natural color of the patient's teeth. This makes them an attractive option for patients who want to restore their teeth without the use of metal fillings. In addition, composite resins are relatively easy to use and can be shaped and polished to blend in with the surrounding teeth. While composite resins are generally considered safe and effective, they may not be suitable for all patients. For example, they may not be a good choice for patients who grind their teeth or who have a high risk of developing cavities. In these cases, other types of dental fillings, such as amalgam or gold, may be a better option.

Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, is a common dental disease that affects the hard tissues of the teeth, including the enamel, dentin, and pulp. It is caused by the demineralization of tooth enamel due to the production of acid by bacteria in the mouth. The bacteria in the mouth feed on sugars and starches in the food we eat, producing acid as a byproduct. This acid can erode the enamel on the teeth, leading to the formation of cavities. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and cause damage to the underlying dentin and pulp, leading to pain, infection, and tooth loss. Dental caries is a preventable disease through good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, using fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash, and limiting sugary and acidic foods and drinks. Early detection and treatment of dental caries can help prevent more serious complications and maintain good oral health.

In the medical field, "Resins, Synthetic" refers to a group of synthetic polymers that are derived from petrochemicals or other organic compounds. These resins are used in a variety of medical applications, including as adhesives, coatings, and as components in medical devices. Some examples of synthetic resins used in the medical field include polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), and polystyrene. These resins are often used to make medical devices such as catheters, tubing, and containers for medical supplies. Synthetic resins are also used in medical coatings to provide a barrier against bacteria and other microorganisms, as well as to improve the durability and performance of medical devices. For example, some medical implants are coated with synthetic resins to reduce the risk of infection and to improve their biocompatibility with the body. Overall, synthetic resins play an important role in the medical field by providing a range of useful properties and applications in the development and production of medical devices and supplies.

Dental auxiliaries are individuals who work in the dental field to assist dentists in providing oral healthcare services. They are trained professionals who provide a range of support services to dentists, including patient care, treatment planning, and administrative tasks. Dental auxiliaries include dental hygienists, dental assistants, dental therapists, dental technicians, and dental office managers. Each of these professionals has a specific role and set of responsibilities within the dental practice. Dental hygienists are responsible for providing preventive care services, including teeth cleaning, fluoride treatments, and oral cancer screenings. They also work closely with patients to educate them about oral hygiene and disease prevention. Dental assistants assist dentists during procedures, such as fillings, extractions, and cleanings. They also take x-rays, prepare patients for treatment, and sterilize equipment. Dental therapists are trained to provide a range of dental services, including teeth cleaning, fluoride treatments, and simple restorative procedures. They work in areas where access to dental care is limited, such as rural or remote communities. Dental technicians create dental prosthetics, such as crowns, bridges, and dentures, using molds and impressions taken from patients' teeth. Dental office managers oversee the day-to-day operations of a dental practice, including scheduling appointments, managing finances, and ensuring that the practice is compliant with regulations and standards. Overall, dental auxiliaries play a critical role in providing high-quality dental care to patients and ensuring that dental practices run smoothly and efficiently.

Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate (Bis-GMA) is a chemical compound that is commonly used as a monomer in the production of dental composite resins, which are used to fill cavities in teeth. Bis-GMA is a type of bisphenol, which is a group of industrial chemicals that are used to make a variety of products, including plastics, resins, and coatings. Bis-GMA is a colorless, odorless liquid that is used in the production of dental composite resins because it can be easily polymerized (combined with other molecules) to form a hard, durable material that can be shaped to fit the contours of a tooth. However, some studies have suggested that Bis-GMA may have potential health effects, including the ability to mimic the effects of estrogen in the body and to cause allergic reactions in some people. As a result, the use of Bis-GMA in dental composite resins has been the subject of some debate and controversy in the medical field.

Compomers are a type of dental composite material that is used for restoring teeth. They are a hybrid of composites and ceramics, and are made up of a mixture of glass or quartz filler particles and a resin matrix. The glass or quartz filler particles give the material strength and durability, while the resin matrix provides flexibility and allows for easy manipulation during the filling process. Compomers are often used for filling small to medium-sized cavities, as well as for restoring the chewing surface of molars. They are also used for making inlays, onlays, and veneers.

In the medical field, "crowns" typically refer to dental crowns, which are artificial caps or covers that are placed over a damaged or decayed tooth to restore its shape, size, and strength. Crowns are typically made of materials such as porcelain, ceramic, or metal, and are custom-made to fit the patient's mouth and the shape of the tooth they are covering. Crowns can be used for a variety of reasons, including to improve the appearance of a tooth, to restore a tooth that has been damaged by decay or trauma, or to strengthen a tooth that is weak or fragile. They can also be used to support a bridge or to hold a dental implant in place. In some cases, a crown may be necessary to prevent further damage to a tooth or to prevent the need for more extensive dental procedures, such as a root canal or tooth extraction.

Zirconium is a chemical element with the symbol Zr and atomic number 40. It is a lustrous, grey-white metal that is highly resistant to corrosion and has a high melting point. In the medical field, zirconium is commonly used in the production of dental implants, as it is biocompatible and has a similar density to human bone. It is also used in the production of orthopedic implants, such as hip and knee replacements, as well as in the fabrication of prosthetic devices. Additionally, zirconium is used in the production of certain types of medical equipment, such as MRI machines, due to its low magnetic susceptibility.

Organically modified ceramics (OMCs) are a class of materials that are composed of both inorganic and organic components. In the medical field, OMCs are often used as biomaterials, which are substances that are used to repair or replace damaged or diseased tissues in the body. OMCs are typically synthesized by combining inorganic ceramic particles with organic molecules, such as polymers or biomolecules. The resulting materials have unique properties that make them useful for a variety of medical applications, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, and implantable devices. One of the key advantages of OMCs is their ability to mimic the mechanical and biological properties of natural tissues. This makes them well-suited for use in applications such as bone and cartilage repair, where it is important to create materials that can integrate with the surrounding tissue and promote healing. Overall, OMCs are a promising class of biomaterials that have the potential to revolutionize the field of regenerative medicine.

Methacrylates are a group of organic compounds that contain the -COOR functional group, where R is an alkyl or aryl group. They are commonly used in the medical field as monomers for the synthesis of polymers, such as polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), which is used in the production of acrylic lenses for glasses and contact lenses. Methacrylates are also used as adhesives, coatings, and sealants in medical devices, such as catheters, implants, and surgical instruments. They have excellent bonding properties and are resistant to water, chemicals, and heat, making them ideal for medical applications. In addition, some methacrylates, such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), are used as solvents for drugs and other medical compounds. HEMA is also used as a monomer in the production of hydrogels, which are used in contact lenses and drug delivery systems. However, some methacrylates, such as bisphenol A dimethacrylate (Bis-GMA), have been associated with potential health risks, including allergic reactions and genotoxicity. Therefore, the use of methacrylates in medical devices and applications must be carefully evaluated to ensure their safety and efficacy.

Benzhydryl compounds are a class of organic compounds that contain a benzyl group attached to a carbon atom. The benzyl group consists of a benzene ring with a methyl group attached to one of its carbon atoms. In the medical field, benzhydryl compounds are commonly used as anticholinergic agents, which means they block the action of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that plays a role in muscle movement, digestion, and other bodily functions. Some examples of benzhydryl compounds used in medicine include atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscine, which are used to treat conditions such as motion sickness, irritable bowel syndrome, and Parkinson's disease. Benzhydryl compounds can also be used as antioxidants, as they can neutralize free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can damage cells and contribute to the development of diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer's disease. Additionally, some benzhydryl compounds have been shown to have antiviral and antibacterial properties, making them potential candidates for the development of new drugs to treat infections.

Phosphorus compounds are chemical compounds that contain the element phosphorus. In the medical field, phosphorus compounds are often used as medications or supplements to treat a variety of conditions, including osteoporosis, hyperphosphatemia, and hypophosphatemia. Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become weak and brittle, making them more prone to fractures. Phosphorus compounds, such as alendronate and risedronate, are often used to treat osteoporosis by helping to prevent the loss of bone density. Hyperphosphatemia is a condition in which there is too much phosphorus in the blood. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including kidney disease, certain medications, and excessive intake of phosphorus-rich foods. Phosphorus binders, such as sevelamer and lanthanum carbonate, are often used to treat hyperphosphatemia by binding to phosphorus in the digestive tract and preventing it from being absorbed into the bloodstream. Hypophosphatemia is a condition in which there is too little phosphorus in the blood. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including malnutrition, certain medications, and kidney disease. Phosphorus supplements, such as calcium phosphate and sodium phosphate, are often used to treat hypophosphatemia by increasing the amount of phosphorus in the blood. Phosphorus compounds can also be used in other medical applications, such as in the treatment of certain types of cancer and in the production of certain medications. However, it is important to note that phosphorus compounds can have side effects and may interact with other medications, so they should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Dental care for chronically ill refers to the specialized dental care provided to individuals who have chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, and others. These individuals may have unique dental needs due to the impact of their chronic illness on their overall health and may require specialized dental care to manage their oral health and prevent complications. Dental care for chronically ill may involve regular dental check-ups, more frequent cleanings, and the use of specialized dental equipment and techniques to manage the individual's oral health. The dentist may also work closely with the individual's primary care physician to coordinate their overall care and manage any potential interactions between their medications and dental treatments. In addition to routine dental care, individuals with chronic illnesses may also require specialized dental procedures such as gum disease treatment, tooth extractions, and dental implants to manage their oral health and prevent complications. It is important for individuals with chronic illnesses to receive regular dental care to maintain their oral health and prevent potential complications that can impact their overall health and well-being.

Dental alloys are a type of metal or metal mixture used in dentistry to create dental restorations such as fillings, crowns, bridges, and implants. These alloys are typically composed of a combination of metals, including gold, silver, copper, tin, and zinc, and are designed to have specific properties that make them suitable for use in the mouth. Dental alloys are chosen based on their strength, durability, biocompatibility, and aesthetic properties. For example, gold alloys are strong and durable, making them ideal for use in the back teeth, while porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns are often used in the front teeth because they can be matched to the color of the natural teeth. It is important to note that dental alloys can contain trace amounts of potentially harmful elements, such as mercury and nickel, which can cause allergic reactions in some people. As a result, dental professionals are required to follow strict guidelines for handling and disposing of dental alloys to minimize the risk of exposure to these elements.

Polymethacrylic acids are a type of polymer that are commonly used in the medical field for a variety of applications. They are typically synthesized from methacrylic acid, which is a monomer that can be polymerized to form a long chain of repeating units. Polymethacrylic acids are known for their ability to form gels and hydrogels, which are materials that can absorb and retain large amounts of water. In the medical field, polymethacrylic acids are often used as drug delivery systems. They can be used to encapsulate drugs and release them slowly over time, which can help to improve the effectiveness and duration of treatment. They can also be used as wound dressings, as they can absorb and retain fluids and help to protect the wound from infection. Additionally, polymethacrylic acids have been used in tissue engineering applications, as they can be used to create scaffolds that can support the growth and development of new tissue.

Dental care for children refers to the preventive, restorative, and therapeutic procedures and services provided to children to maintain and promote their oral health. It includes regular check-ups, cleaning, fluoride treatments, sealants, fillings, extractions, and other procedures as needed to prevent and treat dental problems in children. The goal of dental care for children is to establish good oral hygiene habits early in life, prevent tooth decay and gum disease, and address any dental problems that may arise. It is important to start dental care for children as soon as their first tooth appears, usually around six months of age. Dental care for children may be provided by pediatric dentists, general dentists, or other dental professionals who have received specialized training in treating children's dental needs. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are recommended every six months to monitor a child's oral health and detect any potential problems early on.

Lichen Planus, Oral (Orofacial Lichen Planus) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that affects the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. It is characterized by small, flat, purple or red patches on the tongue, gums, inner cheeks, and roof of the mouth. These patches may be itchy, painful, or burning, and can also cause difficulty swallowing or speaking. In some cases, the condition can also affect the nails and skin on the hands and feet. The exact cause of oral lichen planus is not known, but it is thought to be related to an immune system response to a trigger, such as a virus or bacteria. Treatment options for oral lichen planus include medications to reduce inflammation and pain, as well as lifestyle changes to avoid triggers. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove affected tissue.

Dental cements are materials used in dentistry to bond dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, and bridges, to the teeth. They are also used to bond dental implants to the jawbone. Dental cements are typically composed of a powder and a liquid, which are mixed together to form a paste that can be applied to the tooth or implant surface. The paste then hardens, forming a strong bond between the restoration and the tooth or implant. There are several different types of dental cements, each with its own unique properties and intended use. Some common types of dental cements include zinc phosphate cement, glass ionomer cement, and resin cement.

Fluorides are compounds that contain the fluoride ion (F-). In the medical field, fluorides are commonly used to prevent tooth decay and improve oral health. They can be found in a variety of products, including toothpaste, mouthwashes, and fluoride supplements. Fluoride works by strengthening tooth enamel, making it more resistant to acid attacks from bacteria in the mouth. It can also help to remineralize tooth enamel that has already been damaged by acid. Fluoride is also used in water treatment to reduce the risk of tooth decay in communities. In addition, fluoride is sometimes used in dental procedures, such as fluoride varnishes and fluoride gels, to further strengthen teeth and prevent decay. While fluoride is generally considered safe and effective, excessive exposure to fluoride can lead to dental fluorosis, a condition that causes white or brown stains on the teeth. It is important to use fluoride products in moderation and to follow the instructions on the label.

In the medical field, ceramics refer to a group of inorganic, non-metallic materials that are used for various medical applications. These materials are typically strong, hard, and wear-resistant, making them ideal for use in implants, prosthetics, and other medical devices. Ceramics can be classified into several categories based on their composition and properties, including: 1. Oxide ceramics: These ceramics are composed of metal oxides and are commonly used in dental implants, orthopedic implants, and other medical devices. 2. Nitride ceramics: These ceramics are composed of metal nitrides and are known for their high strength and toughness. They are used in orthopedic implants, dental implants, and other medical devices. 3. Carbide ceramics: These ceramics are composed of metal carbides and are known for their high hardness and wear resistance. They are used in dental implants, orthopedic implants, and other medical devices. 4. Glass ceramics: These ceramics are composed of glass and ceramic materials and are known for their high strength and toughness. They are used in dental implants, orthopedic implants, and other medical devices. Ceramics are also used in various medical applications, such as: 1. Dental implants: Ceramic materials are commonly used in dental implants due to their biocompatibility and ability to mimic the natural tooth structure. 2. Orthopedic implants: Ceramic materials are used in orthopedic implants due to their high strength and wear resistance. 3. Prosthetics: Ceramic materials are used in prosthetics due to their ability to mimic the natural bone structure and their biocompatibility. 4. Surgical instruments: Ceramic materials are used in surgical instruments due to their high strength and wear resistance. Overall, ceramics play an important role in the medical field due to their unique properties and versatility in various medical applications.

Cariostatic agents are substances that help prevent tooth decay (caries) by inhibiting the growth of bacteria that cause cavities. These agents work by either killing the bacteria or preventing them from adhering to the tooth surface, thereby reducing the formation of plaque and tartar. Some common cariostatic agents used in the medical field include fluoride, chlorhexidine, and triclosan. Fluoride is the most widely used cariostatic agent and is found in many toothpastes, mouthwashes, and drinking water. Chlorhexidine is a mouthwash that is often used in hospitals and dental offices to prevent the spread of infection. Triclosan is an antibacterial agent that is found in some toothpastes and mouthwashes. Cariostatic agents are an important part of dental care and can help prevent tooth decay and maintain good oral health. However, it is important to note that they should not be used as a substitute for regular brushing and flossing, and that a healthy diet and regular dental check-ups are also important for maintaining good oral health.

Dental care for disabled refers to the specialized dental care provided to individuals with disabilities. These individuals may have physical, cognitive, or emotional disabilities that make it difficult for them to receive routine dental care or to communicate their dental needs effectively. Dental care for disabled may include a range of services, such as oral hygiene instruction, preventive care, restorative care, and endodontic treatment. These services may be provided in a variety of settings, including dental offices, hospitals, and nursing homes. The goal of dental care for disabled is to ensure that individuals with disabilities receive the necessary dental care to maintain good oral health and overall health.

Dental leakage refers to the passage of bacteria or other microorganisms from the oral cavity into the surrounding tissues or the bloodstream through gaps or spaces in dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, or bridges. This can lead to the development of dental caries (cavities) or other infections, and can also increase the risk of systemic infections, such as endocarditis or meningitis. Dental leakage can occur due to a variety of factors, including poor fit of the restoration, inadequate cleaning and maintenance, or the presence of cracks or defects in the restoration material. It is important to detect and treat dental leakage promptly to prevent further complications.

Dental anxiety is a common condition characterized by a fear or phobia of dental procedures or the dentist. It can range from mild discomfort to severe panic attacks and avoidance of dental care altogether. People with dental anxiety may experience physical symptoms such as sweating, shaking, nausea, and difficulty breathing during dental appointments. This condition can have a significant impact on a person's oral health and overall well-being, as it can lead to untreated dental problems and a reluctance to seek necessary dental care. Treatment options for dental anxiety may include relaxation techniques, sedation dentistry, and counseling.

Acrylic resins are a type of polymer that are commonly used in the medical field for a variety of applications. They are typically made from acrylic acid or methacrylic acid, which are then polymerized to form a solid, durable material. One common use of acrylic resins in medicine is in the production of dental prosthetics, such as dentures and dental bridges. Acrylic resins are used to create the artificial teeth and gums that are used to replace missing teeth or to improve the appearance of the smile. Acrylic resins are also used in the production of medical devices, such as catheters and surgical instruments. They are often used because of their durability, flexibility, and ability to be molded into a variety of shapes and sizes. In addition, acrylic resins are sometimes used in the treatment of certain medical conditions. For example, they may be used to create implants for the treatment of joint disorders or to reinforce weakened bones. Overall, acrylic resins are a versatile and widely used material in the medical field, with a range of applications in dentistry, medical devices, and other areas.

Resin cements are dental materials that are used to bond dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, and bridges, to the tooth structure. They are made from a combination of resin monomers, polymers, and other ingredients that are cured with light or heat to form a strong, durable bond. Resin cements are preferred over traditional dental cements because they have a number of advantages, including: 1. Improved adhesion: Resin cements bond to both tooth structure and dental restorations, providing a stronger and more durable bond than traditional cements. 2. Better esthetics: Resin cements can be matched to the color of the tooth, providing a more natural-looking restoration. 3. Increased strength: Resin cements are stronger than traditional cements, which can reduce the risk of fractures and other types of damage to the tooth. 4. Faster curing: Resin cements can be cured in just a few seconds, which can reduce the time required for dental procedures. Overall, resin cements are a popular choice for dental restorations because of their improved adhesion, esthetics, strength, and curing time.

Dental care for the aged refers to the specialized dental care provided to older adults, typically those over the age of 65. This type of care is important because older adults are at a higher risk for developing dental problems, such as tooth decay, gum disease, and oral cancer, due to changes in their oral health and overall health as they age. Dental care for the aged may include regular dental check-ups, cleanings, and x-rays to monitor the health of the teeth and gums. It may also include the treatment of existing dental problems, such as fillings, crowns, and dentures, as well as the management of chronic conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, which can affect oral health. In addition to traditional dental care, dental care for the aged may also include specialized services, such as oral cancer screenings, nutritional counseling, and assistance with daily oral hygiene tasks, to help older adults maintain good oral health and overall well-being.

In the medical field, a dental arch refers to the curved shape formed by the teeth in the mouth. There are two types of dental arches: the upper dental arch and the lower dental arch. The upper dental arch is the arch formed by the upper teeth, including the incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. The lower dental arch is the arch formed by the lower teeth, including the incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. The dental arches are important for proper chewing, speaking, and maintaining the overall structure of the teeth and jaw. Any abnormalities in the shape or alignment of the dental arches can lead to dental problems such as misaligned teeth, bite problems, and gum disease.

Phenols are a class of organic compounds that contain a hydroxyl (-OH) group attached to an aromatic ring. In the medical field, phenols are commonly used as antiseptics and disinfectants due to their ability to kill bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They are also used as topical anesthetics and as ingredients in certain medications. Phenols can be found naturally in many plants and fruits, such as cloves, cinnamon, and citrus fruits. They are also used in the production of a variety of consumer products, including soaps, shampoos, and cleaning agents. However, some phenols can be toxic and can cause skin irritation, respiratory problems, and other health issues if they are not used properly. Therefore, it is important to follow proper safety guidelines when handling and using phenols in the medical field.

Dental plaque is a sticky, colorless film that forms on teeth and gums. It is made up of bacteria, food particles, saliva, and other substances. Plaque is constantly forming on teeth, but it can be removed by brushing and flossing regularly. If plaque is not removed, it can harden into tartar, which can cause gum disease and tooth decay. In the medical field, dental plaque is an important factor in maintaining oral health and preventing dental problems.

Dental bonding is a cosmetic dental procedure that involves applying a tooth-colored resin material to a tooth surface to improve its appearance. The resin is then hardened with a special light, creating a strong and natural-looking bond with the tooth. Dental bonding can be used to repair chips, cracks, gaps, and stains on teeth, as well as to close spaces between teeth and to improve the shape and size of teeth. It is a quick and relatively painless procedure that can be completed in a single visit to the dentist.

Dental assistants are healthcare professionals who work under the supervision of dentists to provide a range of dental care services to patients. They are responsible for assisting dentists during procedures, preparing patients for treatment, taking and developing dental x-rays, sterilizing equipment, and maintaining dental records. Dental assistants may also perform administrative tasks such as scheduling appointments, answering phones, and billing patients. They play a vital role in ensuring that dental procedures are performed safely and efficiently, and they are an important part of the dental team.

Dental anesthesia is a type of anesthesia that is used to numb the mouth and teeth during dental procedures. It is typically administered by a dentist or dental anesthesiologist and can be either local or general anesthesia. Local anesthesia numbs a specific area of the mouth, such as a tooth or a small area around the tooth, and is commonly used for procedures such as fillings, extractions, and root canals. General anesthesia, on the other hand, numbs the entire body and is used for more extensive procedures such as wisdom tooth removal or oral surgery. Dental anesthesia is an important part of dental care, as it helps to ensure that patients are comfortable and pain-free during dental procedures. It is also important to note that dental anesthesia is safe and effective when administered by a qualified healthcare professional.

Fluorosis, dental, is a condition that occurs when there is an excessive intake of fluoride, particularly during tooth development. It is characterized by white or brown stains on the teeth, which can become more severe over time and lead to pitting and decay of the teeth. Fluorosis can occur naturally in areas with high levels of fluoride in the water supply or can be caused by the use of fluoride supplements or toothpaste in excessive amounts. It is typically diagnosed through a visual examination of the teeth and is usually not a cause for concern if it is mild. However, severe cases of dental fluorosis can affect the appearance and function of the teeth and may require treatment.

Comprehensive dental care refers to a range of dental services that are designed to promote oral health and prevent dental problems. This type of care typically includes routine check-ups, cleanings, and x-rays, as well as more advanced procedures such as fillings, root canals, and extractions. Comprehensive dental care also includes preventive measures such as fluoride treatments, sealants, and oral hygiene education to help patients maintain good oral health and avoid dental problems. In addition, comprehensive dental care may include cosmetic procedures such as teeth whitening and veneers to improve the appearance of a patient's smile. Overall, comprehensive dental care is focused on providing patients with a wide range of services to promote oral health and prevent dental problems, as well as to address any existing dental issues that may arise.

Tooth diseases refer to a group of conditions that affect the teeth and gums. These diseases can range from mild to severe and can cause pain, discomfort, and other symptoms. Some common tooth diseases include: 1. Dental caries (cavities): This is a bacterial infection that causes tooth decay and can lead to the formation of cavities. 2. Gum disease (periodontal disease): This is an infection of the gums that can cause inflammation, bleeding, and eventually tooth loss. 3. Tooth sensitivity: This is a condition where the teeth become sensitive to hot, cold, sweet, or sour foods and drinks. 4. Tooth erosion: This is the gradual wearing away of tooth enamel due to acid erosion from foods and drinks or acid reflux. 5. Tooth abscess: This is an infection that forms in the pulp of a tooth and can cause severe pain and swelling. 6. Tooth fracture: This is a break or crack in the tooth that can occur due to trauma or decay. 7. Tooth decay: This is the breakdown of tooth enamel and dentin caused by bacteria in the mouth. 8. Tooth discoloration: This is a change in the color of the tooth due to stains, aging, or other factors. 9. Tooth wear: This is the gradual wearing down of tooth enamel and dentin due to normal wear and tear or habits such as grinding or clenching. 10. Tooth loss: This is the complete or partial loss of one or more teeth due to decay, gum disease, injury, or other factors.

Dental waste refers to any waste material generated during dental procedures or in dental clinics. This waste can include sharp objects such as needles, scalpel blades, and dental instruments, as well as non-sharp items such as gloves, gauze, and cotton swabs. Dental waste is considered biohazardous because it can contain infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi that can cause serious diseases if not handled properly. Therefore, dental waste must be disposed of in a safe and appropriate manner to prevent the spread of infection and protect the health of patients, dental staff, and the environment.

A dental audit is a systematic review of dental records, procedures, and outcomes to evaluate the quality of dental care provided to patients. It is a process of evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of dental practices, identifying areas for improvement, and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements. The purpose of a dental audit is to assess the quality of dental care provided to patients, identify areas for improvement, and ensure that dental practices are meeting the required standards of care. Dental audits can be conducted by dental professionals, dental associations, regulatory bodies, or insurance companies. During a dental audit, dental records are reviewed to assess the appropriateness of treatment plans, the quality of dental work, and the effectiveness of preventive care. The audit may also include interviews with dental staff and patients to gather additional information about the dental practice. The results of a dental audit are used to identify areas for improvement and to develop strategies to enhance the quality of dental care provided to patients. Dental practices that are found to be in compliance with regulatory requirements are typically given a positive rating, while those that are found to be non-compliant may be subject to corrective action or penalties.

Dental caries susceptibility refers to an individual's increased risk of developing dental cavities or tooth decay. It is a complex trait that is influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Dental caries susceptibility is often assessed through a dental examination and a review of the individual's medical and dental history. Risk factors for dental caries susceptibility may include poor oral hygiene, a diet high in sugar and starch, a history of dental cavities, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes or weakened immune system. Individuals with high dental caries susceptibility may require more frequent dental check-ups and may benefit from additional preventive measures such as fluoride treatments or sealants to reduce their risk of developing dental cavities.

Biocompatible materials are materials that are designed to interact with living tissues in a way that is safe and non-toxic. These materials are used in a variety of medical applications, including implants, prosthetics, and drug delivery systems. Biocompatible materials must be able to withstand the harsh conditions of the human body, including exposure to bodily fluids, enzymes, and bacteria. They must also be able to integrate with the surrounding tissue and promote healing, rather than causing inflammation or rejection. Some examples of biocompatible materials include metals such as titanium and stainless steel, polymers such as polyethylene and polypropylene, and ceramics such as hydroxyapatite. These materials are often used in the manufacturing of medical devices and implants, such as hip replacements, dental implants, and pacemakers. It is important to note that while a material may be biocompatible, it may not be suitable for all medical applications. The choice of material depends on a variety of factors, including the intended use of the device, the patient's individual needs and health status, and the specific requirements of the medical procedure.

Community dentistry is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the prevention and treatment of oral diseases and conditions in populations, rather than individuals. It involves working with communities to promote oral health and provide dental care to people who may not have access to traditional dental services. Community dentists work with a variety of stakeholders, including public health officials, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and community members, to develop and implement programs and initiatives that promote oral health and address the oral health needs of specific populations. This may include providing dental screenings, education and outreach programs, and dental care services in schools, community centers, and other public settings. Community dentistry also involves conducting research to better understand the oral health needs of different populations and to develop effective strategies for preventing and treating oral diseases and conditions. By working together with communities, community dentists can help to improve oral health outcomes and reduce the burden of oral disease in populations.

The American Dental Association (ADA) is a professional organization that represents dentists in the United States. It was founded in 1859 and is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. The ADA is the largest and oldest national dental association in the world, with over 161,000 members. The ADA's mission is to promote oral health and provide leadership in oral health care. It does this through a variety of activities, including research, education, advocacy, and public awareness campaigns. The ADA also sets standards for dental education and practice, and provides resources and support for dentists and their patients. In the medical field, the ADA is recognized as a leading authority on dental health and is often consulted for guidance on issues related to oral health care. The organization publishes a number of resources for dentists and patients, including the Journal of the American Dental Association, which is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes research on all aspects of dentistry.

Stomatognathic diseases refer to a group of disorders that affect the mouth, teeth, jaws, and related structures. These diseases can be broadly categorized into two groups: oral diseases and craniofacial diseases. Oral diseases include conditions such as tooth decay, gum disease, oral cancer, and oral infections. These diseases can affect the teeth, gums, tongue, and other oral tissues. Craniofacial diseases, on the other hand, affect the bones and muscles of the face and jaws. Examples of craniofacial diseases include temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ), facial fractures, and cleft lip and palate. Stomatognathic diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental factors, and lifestyle choices. Treatment for these diseases may involve a combination of medications, surgery, and other therapies, depending on the specific condition and its severity.

Toothache is a common dental problem characterized by pain or discomfort in the teeth or gums. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including tooth decay, gum disease, injury to the teeth or gums, or dental procedures such as fillings or extractions. Toothache can range from mild discomfort to severe pain that can radiate to the head, neck, or jaw. In the medical field, toothache is typically treated by a dentist or oral surgeon, who may prescribe pain medication, perform a dental procedure to address the underlying cause of the pain, or recommend further treatment such as root canal therapy or tooth extraction.

Tooth abnormalities refer to any deviation from the normal structure, shape, or function of teeth. These abnormalities can be congenital, meaning present at birth, or acquired later in life due to injury, disease, or other factors. Some common examples of tooth abnormalities include: 1. Malocclusion: This refers to an incorrect alignment of the teeth, which can cause problems with chewing, speaking, and overall oral health. 2. Tooth decay: This occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acid that erodes the tooth enamel, leading to cavities and other dental problems. 3. Tooth sensitivity: This can be caused by a variety of factors, including tooth decay, gum disease, or exposure of the tooth root. 4. Tooth erosion: This occurs when the tooth enamel is worn away due to acid from the stomach or other sources. 5. Tooth discoloration: This can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, age, smoking, or certain medications. 6. Tooth abnormalities due to injury: This can include chips, cracks, or fractures in the tooth, as well as missing teeth. 7. Tooth abnormalities due to disease: This can include conditions such as periodontitis (gum disease), which can cause tooth loss, or oral cancer, which can affect the shape and function of the teeth. Treatment for tooth abnormalities depends on the specific condition and may include dental procedures such as fillings, crowns, bridges, or implants, as well as lifestyle changes such as improving oral hygiene habits or quitting smoking.

Dental cavity preparation is a dental procedure that involves removing decayed or damaged tooth structure from a tooth in order to create a smooth, clean surface for a filling or other restoration. This procedure is typically performed by a dentist or dental hygienist using specialized dental tools, such as dental drills and hand instruments. During a dental cavity preparation, the dentist will first numb the affected area of the tooth using a local anesthetic. They will then use a dental drill to remove the decayed or damaged tooth structure, carefully shaping the cavity to create a smooth, clean surface. The dentist may also use hand instruments to further refine the shape of the cavity and remove any remaining decay. Once the cavity has been prepared, the dentist will fill it with a dental filling or other restoration, such as a crown or a dental bridge. The restoration will be shaped to match the natural contours of the tooth and will be bonded in place using a special dental cement. Dental cavity preparation is an important procedure for maintaining good oral health and preventing further tooth decay. It is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and can be completed in a single visit to the dentist.

Dental Enamel Hypoplasia is a condition characterized by the incomplete or abnormal development of dental enamel, the hard outer layer of the tooth. It can occur during tooth development in the womb or in early childhood, and can be caused by a variety of factors, including malnutrition, illness, and exposure to certain medications or toxins. The severity of dental enamel hypoplasia can vary, ranging from mild white spots on the teeth to severe pitting or grooving of the enamel surface. It can lead to increased tooth sensitivity and an increased risk of tooth decay. Treatment options may include fluoride therapy, dental bonding, or dental crowns.

Dental calculus, also known as tartar, is a hard, calcified deposit that forms on the teeth. It is composed of bacteria, minerals, and food debris that accumulate on the teeth over time. Dental calculus can form on both the tops and bottoms of the teeth, as well as in between the teeth. Dental calculus can cause a number of oral health problems, including gum disease, tooth decay, and tooth loss. It can also contribute to bad breath and tooth sensitivity. To prevent the formation of dental calculus, it is important to practice good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing regularly, and to visit the dentist for regular cleanings.

Dental pulp diseases refer to a group of conditions that affect the soft tissue inside the tooth, known as the dental pulp. The dental pulp contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue that nourish and support the tooth. There are several types of dental pulp diseases, including: 1. Dental caries: This is the most common type of dental pulp disease, caused by bacteria that produce acids that erode the tooth enamel and dentin, leading to decay of the dental pulp. 2. Dental abscess: This occurs when bacteria enter the dental pulp and cause an infection, leading to the formation of an abscess, which is a collection of pus. 3. Pulpitis: This is an inflammation of the dental pulp, which can be caused by dental caries, trauma, or other factors. 4. Pulp necrosis: This occurs when the dental pulp dies due to trauma, infection, or other factors. 5. Pulp calcification: This is the formation of calcium deposits in the dental pulp, which can cause pain and other symptoms. Dental pulp diseases can cause pain, sensitivity, swelling, and other symptoms, and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Treatment options for dental pulp diseases include root canal therapy, pulpotomy, and extraction.

In the medical field, tooth injuries refer to any damage or trauma that affects the structure, function, or appearance of the teeth. Tooth injuries can occur as a result of accidents, sports injuries, falls, or other types of physical trauma. There are several types of tooth injuries, including: 1. Fractures: A fracture is a crack or break in the tooth that can occur anywhere along the tooth's length. 2. Chips: A chip is a small piece of tooth that has been broken off. 3. Cracks: A crack is a long, narrow break in the tooth that can extend from the surface to the root. 4. Luxation: Luxation occurs when the tooth becomes dislodged from its socket. 5. Avulsion: Avulsion is a severe type of tooth injury in which the tooth is completely knocked out of the socket. Tooth injuries can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty chewing or speaking. In some cases, they may also lead to infection or other complications if left untreated. Treatment for tooth injuries may include restorative procedures such as fillings, crowns, or root canal therapy, as well as surgery in severe cases.

In the medical field, dental abutments refer to the part of a dental implant that is visible in the mouth and serves as the connection between the implant and the dental prosthesis (such as a crown or bridge). Dental abutments are typically made of materials such as titanium or zirconia and are designed to be biocompatible with the surrounding tissue and bone. They are usually screw-shaped and are placed into the implant site after the implant has healed and integrated with the surrounding bone. The dental abutment serves as the anchor for the dental prosthesis, providing stability and support for the artificial tooth or teeth. It also helps to distribute the forces of biting and chewing evenly across the implant and surrounding bone, reducing the risk of implant failure. Overall, dental abutments play a critical role in the success of dental implants and are an important component of modern dental prosthetics.

Dental pulp calcification is a condition in which calcium deposits form within the dental pulp, which is the soft tissue inside the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. This process can occur naturally as a result of aging or as a result of injury or infection to the tooth. Calcification of the dental pulp can cause the tooth to become brittle and more prone to cracking or breaking. It can also lead to pain and sensitivity, and in severe cases, may require treatment such as root canal therapy or extraction.

Periodontal diseases are a group of inflammatory conditions that affect the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, including the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth. These diseases are caused by the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums. If plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can irritate the gums and cause inflammation. There are several types of periodontal diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and is characterized by red, swollen, and tender gums that may bleed easily. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, which is a more severe form of the disease that can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, forming pockets that can become infected and filled with bacteria. Over time, periodontitis can lead to the loss of teeth and bone. Periodontal diseases are common and affect millions of people worldwide. Risk factors for periodontal disease include poor oral hygiene, smoking, diabetes, and certain medical conditions such as heart disease and stroke. Treatment for periodontal disease typically involves scaling and root planing, a procedure in which the dentist or periodontist removes plaque and tartar from the teeth and smooths the root surfaces to prevent further buildup. In some cases, more advanced treatments such as gum surgery or antibiotics may be necessary.

Mouth diseases refer to a wide range of medical conditions that affect the oral cavity, including the teeth, gums, tongue, and other structures in the mouth. These diseases can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Some common mouth diseases include: 1. Dental caries (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes tooth decay and leads to the formation of cavities. 2. Periodontal disease: A group of infections that affect the gums, supporting structures of the teeth, and bone. 3. Oral cancer: A type of cancer that starts in the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, and throat. 4. Oral thrush: A fungal infection that affects the mouth and throat. 5. Leukoplakia: A white or gray patch on the inside of the mouth that can be a sign of cancer or other mouth diseases. 6. Oral lichen planus: A chronic inflammatory condition that affects the mouth and can cause painful sores. 7. Oral pemphigus: A rare autoimmune disorder that causes blistering in the mouth and other parts of the body. 8. Oral candidiasis (thrush): A fungal infection that affects the mouth and throat, often seen in people with weakened immune systems. Treatment for mouth diseases depends on the specific condition and its severity. It may include medications, surgery, lifestyle changes, and other interventions. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices can help prevent many mouth diseases.

In the medical field, a "Cuspid" refers to one of the four sharp, pointed teeth located in the upper and lower jaws, also known as the canines. These teeth are located on either side of the incisors and are used for tearing and holding food. The cuspid is an important part of the dental arch and plays a crucial role in proper chewing and speaking. Problems with the cuspid, such as decay or damage, can affect a person's ability to eat and speak properly, as well as their overall oral health.

In the medical field, a curriculum refers to a comprehensive plan or program of study that outlines the knowledge, skills, and experiences that medical students are expected to acquire during their education. The curriculum typically includes a combination of classroom instruction, laboratory work, clinical rotations, and other learning activities designed to prepare students for their future careers as healthcare professionals. The curriculum for medical students typically covers a wide range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, medical ethics, and clinical skills. Medical schools may also offer electives or specialized tracks that allow students to focus on specific areas of interest, such as pediatrics, surgery, or public health. The curriculum is typically developed and maintained by a team of educators, administrators, and healthcare professionals, and is subject to ongoing review and revision to ensure that it remains current and relevant to the evolving needs of the medical field.

Age determination by teeth is a method used by forensic odontologists to estimate the age of a person based on the development and wear of their teeth. This method is commonly used in forensic investigations, particularly in cases where the age of a deceased individual is unknown or disputed. The process of age determination by teeth involves examining the teeth for signs of development, wear, and damage. The development of teeth can provide information about a person's age at death, as certain stages of tooth development are associated with specific ages. For example, the presence of certain types of baby teeth or the absence of certain adult teeth can indicate a person's age. Wear on the teeth can also provide information about a person's age, as the rate of tooth wear can vary depending on factors such as diet, oral hygiene, and genetics. Damage to the teeth, such as fractures or chips, can also provide clues about a person's age and lifestyle. Overall, age determination by teeth is a useful tool for forensic investigators, but it should be used in conjunction with other methods of age estimation to provide a more accurate picture of a person's age at death.

Dental deposits, also known as dental plaque or calculus, are accumulations of bacteria, food particles, and minerals that form on the teeth and gums. These deposits can harden over time and become tartar, which is a yellow or brown substance that can only be removed by a dental professional. Dental deposits can cause a variety of oral health problems, including gum disease, tooth decay, and bad breath. They can also contribute to the development of cavities and other dental problems if left untreated. To prevent dental deposits, it is important to practice good oral hygiene habits, such as brushing and flossing regularly, using mouthwash, and visiting the dentist for regular cleanings. If dental deposits do form, they can be removed by a dental professional through a process called scaling and root planing.

Malocclusion is a term used in the medical field to describe a misalignment or improper fit of the teeth. It can refer to a variety of conditions, including overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, and spacing problems. Malocclusion can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental factors, and habits such as thumb sucking or mouth breathing. Malocclusion can lead to a number of problems, including difficulty chewing, speech problems, and jaw pain. Treatment options for malocclusion may include orthodontic appliances such as braces or clear aligners, orthognathic surgery, or a combination of both.

Tooth erosion is a dental condition that occurs when the hard outer layer of the tooth, called the enamel, is worn away by acids. This can happen due to various factors, including exposure to acidic foods and drinks, frequent vomiting or regurgitation, certain medical conditions, and certain habits such as teeth grinding or clenching. Tooth erosion can cause a number of problems, including sensitivity to hot and cold, difficulty chewing, and an unattractive appearance of the teeth. In severe cases, it can lead to tooth decay and even tooth loss. Treatment for tooth erosion depends on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, simply changing one's diet and avoiding acidic foods and drinks may be enough to slow or stop the erosion. In more severe cases, a dentist may recommend fluoride treatments, dental bonding, or other restorative procedures to repair the damaged teeth.

In the medical field, "Bicuspid" refers to a condition where a person has two cusps (the pointed ends of the valves in the heart) instead of the normal three. This condition is also known as "bicuspid aortic valve" or "BAV." Bicuspid aortic valve is a common congenital heart defect that affects the aortic valve, which is responsible for regulating blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body. In a bicuspid aortic valve, the two cusps may not function properly, leading to problems such as regurgitation (leaking of blood back into the heart), stenosis (narrowing of the valve), and aneurysm (ballooning of the aorta). Bicuspid aortic valve can be diagnosed through a physical examination, echocardiogram (an ultrasound of the heart), or other imaging tests. Treatment options may include medication, lifestyle changes, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.

In the medical field, "Mouth, Edentulous" refers to a condition where an individual has lost all of their natural teeth. This can occur due to various reasons such as tooth decay, gum disease, injury, or aging. An edentulous mouth can affect an individual's ability to chew, speak, and maintain good oral hygiene. Treatment options for an edentulous mouth may include dentures, dental implants, or other prosthetic devices to replace missing teeth and restore function and aesthetics.

... is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the study of dental materials. It was established in ... "Dental Materials". 2020 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2021. Official website v t ... 1985 and is published by Elsevier on behalf of the Academy of Dental Materials, of which it is the official journal. This ... Materials science journals, Dentistry journals, English-language journals, Elsevier academic journals, Bimonthly journals, All ...
Some dental restorative materials, such as acrylic monomers in resin-based materials and phosphoric acid in silicate materials ... User Guide of Dental Impression Material: Dental Materials Fact Sheet, Dental Board ... not only a matter of materials". Dental Materials. 28 (1): 87-101. doi:10.1016/ PMID 22192253. WHO - ... Dental restorative materials are used to replace tooth structure loss, usually due to dental caries (cavities), but also tooth ...
The Nordic Institute of Dental Materials AS (NIOM AS) is a Nordic Cooperative Body for dental biomaterials. The Institute's ... Standards in dentistry set requirements for the properties of dental materials and dental instrumentation, and prescribe ... journals for dental technicians. There is ongoing work on a register of dental products ("DMN" - Dentala Material Norden). NIOM ... procedures for the testing of dental materials. Participation in standardization work for dental products and for ...
2013). Introduction to dental materials (4th ed.). Edinburgh: Mosby Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7234-3659-1. OCLC 821697096. (Dental ... Dental cermets, or silver cermets, are a type of restorative material dentists use to fill tooth cavities. Silver cermets were ... As such, they are no longer a popular choice of material and it is unclear whether cermets will continue to be used. Noort, ... Therefore, silver cermets are not a popular choice of restorative material. Silver cermets can come in two forms: Two bottles, ...
... the Australian Dental Association, the British Dental Association, and the Canadian Dental Association. GIC materials bond both ... Longevity of dental sealants is also dependent on the type of material used. It is not uncommon for dental sealants to be ... Several national dental organizations have published position statements regarding the safety of resin based dental materials, ... Dental Materials Journal. 35 (3): 532-8. doi:10.4012/dmj.2016-084. PMID 27086573. Crall JJ, Donly KJ (2015). "Dental sealants ...
Burke FJ (November 2015). "Dental Materials: What Goes Where? Class V Restorations". Dental Update. 42 (9): 829-30, 833-6, 839 ... Dental Materials. 26 (10): 993-1000. doi:10.1016/ PMID 20638116. van Dijken JW (September 2010). "A ... Dental Materials. 26 (9): 940-6. doi:10.1016/ PMID 20646753. Gwinnett AJ, Kanca J (December 1992). " ... Dental materials such as amalgam, glass ionomer (GI), resin-modified glass ionomer (a variant of GI) and resin composite are ...
The material used prior to this development was a self-curing resin material. These materials, an A material and a B material, ... As dental restorative materials advanced, so too did the technology used to cure these materials; the focus was to improve the ... The A material was the base and the B material was the catalyst. This resin material was mixed first and then placed in the ... Dental Materials. 29 (6): 605-617. doi:10.1016/ PMID 23507002. (Articles with short description, Short ...
12". Dental Materials. 22 (2): 176-182. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0006-2960. PMID 16039706. Miyazaki, T; Hotta, Y ... In dentistry, a crown or a dental cap is a type of dental restoration that completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental ... ISBN 978-953-51-3593-7. Media related to Dental crowns at Wikimedia Commons Dental Health: Dental Crowns Videos from Sheffield ... While beneficial to dental health, the procedure and materials can be costly. The most common method of crowning a tooth ...
"A clinical guide to applied dental materials 1st edn.A Clinical Guide to Applied Dental Materials 1st edn. By Stephen J Bonsor ... Medicine portal Dental curing light Dental dam Dental fear Dental braces Dental treatment Fixed prosthodontics Gold teeth Oral ... Full-porcelain dental materials include dental porcelain (porcelain meaning a high-firing-temperature ceramic), other ceramics ... The process of preparation usually involves cutting the tooth with a rotary dental handpiece and dental burrs, a dental laser, ...
Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal. 10 (1): 16-21. PMID 18493161. McCabe, J. F. (John F.) (2008). Applied dental materials ... Dental materials such as filling and orthodontic instruments must satisfy biocompatibility requirements as they will be in the ... J., Bonsor, Stephen (2013). A clinical guide to applied dental materials. Pearson, Gavin J. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Churchill ... Bonsor, Stephen; Pearson, Gavin (2013). A Clinical Guide to Applied Dental Materials. Elsevier. pp. 167, 168 and 169. Sulaiman ...
The basis for modern dental implants is a biological process called osseointegration, in which materials such as titanium or ... Common uses of dental implants The primary use of dental implants is to support dental prosthetics (i.e. false teeth). Modern ... A crown (the dental prosthesis) is then connected to the abutment with dental cement, a small screw, or fused with the abutment ... von Fraunhofer JA (2013). Dental materials at a glance (Second ed.). John Wiley & Sons. p. 115. ISBN 9781118646649. Esposito M ...
Dental restorative materials Dental composite Glass ionomer cement Noort, Richard van. (2013). Introduction to dental materials ... They were introduced in the early 1990s as a hybrid of two other dental materials, dental composites and glass ionomer cement, ... CS1 maint: location missing publisher, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list, Composite materials, Dental materials). ... resin modified glass ionomer cement and dental composites. Compomers are resin-based materials like dental composites, and the ...
Fraunhofer, J.A. von (2013). Dental materials at a glance (Second ed.). John Wiley & Sons. p. 115. ISBN 9781118646649. Newman, ... Robot-assisted dental surgery, including for dental implants, has also been developed in the 2000s. As early as the 7th century ... Anusavice, Kenneth J. (2003). Phillips' Science of Dental Materials. St. Louis, Missouri: Saunders Elsevier. p. 6. ISBN 978-0- ... "Dental art: A French dentist showing his artificial teeth". British Dental Association. 30 June 2010. Archived from the ...
Their position is "Dental Amalgam has been used as a dental restorative material for more than 150 years. It has proved to be a ... Craig's Restorative Dental Materials, 12th Edition. C.V. Mosby, 2006. page 255 "Dental Amalgam: Myths vs. Facts" (Press release ... PDF "Future Use of Materials for Dental Restoration". World Health Organization. "WHO Consensus Statement on Dental Amalgam" ( ... Accessed 8 January 2014 "The safety of dental amalgam and alternative dental restoration materials for patients and users." ...
The material is presented as a paste to paste system mixed by a dental nurse prior to use. The material sets by a condensation ... It is made by placing an appropriate material in a dental impression tray which is designed to roughly fit over the dental ... vinyl polysiloxane dental impression materials used for making accurate dental impressions with excellent reproducibility. It ... Common materials used for dental impressions are: non rigid materials: reversible hydrocolloids: agar irreversible ...
Master of Science) degree in Dental Materials. The institution has 260 dental chairs. Facilities include a library, lecture ... Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore was founded in 1987 and recognised by the Dental Council of India in 1992 and by ... Ashwini Rao, MDS Prosthodontics and Maxillofacial Prosthesis: Dr Shobha J. Rodrigues, MDS Dental Materials: Dr.Ravindra Kotian ... The college undertakes dental camps in rural areas as a part of the training. Student evaluation of staff performance is also ...
"The accuracy of various torque wrenches used in dental implant systems". The Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques. 2 (2 ... A dental torque wrench or restorative torque wrench is a torque wrench used to precisely apply a specific torque to a fastener ... like an autoclave are applied to the dental torque wrenches and the length of time in use presents stress on the material, ... As the settling effect (the flattening of the material's micro-surface under pressure) causes a lesser torque of around 10% in ...
... (also known as dental ceramic) is a dental material used by dental technicians to create biocompatible ... Classes of Materials". Inside Dentistry. 5 (9). Bonsor SJ, Pearson GJ (2013). A clinical guide to applied dental materials. ... Silva LH, Lima E, Miranda RB, Favero SS, Lohbauer U, Cesar PF (August 2017). "Dental ceramics: a review of new materials and ... Denry I, Holloway J, Denry I, Holloway JA (2010-01-11). "Ceramics for Dental Applications: A Review". Materials. 3 (1): 351-368 ...
Generally used for operative procedures such as the removal of dental caries or for polishing enamel or restorative materials. ... "Dental drills - enemy of the people?" from the British Dental Association museum Australian Dental Journal:1 p59-62 Dental ... A dental drill or dental handpiece is a hand-held, mechanical instrument used to perform a variety of common dental procedures ... "BDA Museum: Collections: Dental equipment: Clockwork drill and dental engine". British Dental Association. 7 June 2013. ...
... not only a matter of materials". Dental Materials. 28 (1): 87-101. doi:10.1016/ PMID 22192253. Manhart, J ... p. 4. Rueggeberg, Frederick (2011). "State-of-the-art: Dental Photocuring - A review". Dental Materials. 27 (1): 39-52. doi: ... Dental Materials. 33 (2): 175-190. doi:10.1016/ PMC 5253116. PMID 27919444. Bonsor, Stephen J. (2013). A ... Dental Materials. 21 (12): 1150-7. doi:10.1016/ PMID 16040118. Retrieved 2009-04-16. Heintze, S. D.; ...
Dental Materials. 35 (6): 825-846. doi:10.1016/ PMID 30948230. S2CID 96434269. Cooper, Kenneth G. (2001). ... The UV resin material changed over quickly to an epoxy-based material resin. In both cases, SLA-1 models needed UV oven curing ... Multi-material 3D printing solves this problem by allowing objects of complex and heterogeneous arrangements of materials to be ... By classifying each material, CIMP-3D can systematically perform 3D printing with multiple materials. Using 3D printing and ...
1 January 2019), "Chapter 10 - Restorative Materials: Metals", Craig's Restorative Dental Materials (Fourteenth Edition), ... Dental Materials. 19 (3): 232-9. doi:10.1016/S0109-5641(02)00035-0. PMID 12628436. Sakaguchi, Ronald; Ferracane, Jack; Powers, ... Wollaston purified a quantity of the material and offered it, without naming the discoverer, in a small shop in Soho in April ... The second possible source of palladium is dental restoration, from which the uptake of palladium is estimated to be less than ...
Dental Materials. 26 (2): e11-e16. doi:10.1016/ PMID 20018362. Laurén, S. "How To Measure Surface Free ... To estimate the surface energy of a pure, uniform material, an individual region of the material can be modeled as a cube. In ... This energy cost is incorporated into the surface energy of the material, which is quantified by: γ = ( z σ − z β ) 1 2 W AA a ... The unit surface energy of a material would therefore be half of its energy of cohesion, all other things being equal; in ...
Dental Materials. 21 (3): 262-271. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 15705433. Seghi, R.R.; Denry, I.L.; ... Dental Materials. 20 (9): 862-872. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 15451242. Sjögren, Göran; Molin, ... ISBN 978-9955-15-394-8. Phillips' science of dental materials. Anusavice, Kenneth J., Phillips, Ralph W. (11th ed.). St. Louis ... cite journal}}: Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) McCabe, J. F.; Walls, Angus (2008). Applied dental materials (9th ed.). ...
Dental Materials. 19 (6): 567-73. doi:10.1016/s0109-5641(02)00106-9. PMID 12837406. US 4620988, Garschke, Adelheid; Tiller, ... Hampikian, J.M.; Carter, W.B. (1999). "The combustion chemical vapor deposition of high temperature materials". Materials ... In the 1980s initial attempts were performed to improve the adhesion of metal-plastic composites in dental ceramics using flame ... Newer and ongoing studies deal with deposition of other materials (vide infra). In the CCVD process, a precursor compound, ...
Dental Materials. 30 (2): 200-214. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 24377939. Hussain, Badra; Thieu, Minh ... Dental Materials. 33 (12): 1362-1370. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 28951036. Rahmati, Maryam; Stötzel ... His research areas include biomaterials science, medical devices, bone graft, dental materials and orthopaedics. In 2000, ... "E-Book IDCMR 2021 - International dental collaboration-Mekong river region-Universitas indonesia". Retrieved 2022 ...
Dental Materials. 19 (3): 232-9. doi:10.1016/S0109-5641(02)00035-0. PMID 12628436. Chauhan, Reshu; Awasthi, Surabhi; Srivastava ... "Material Safety Data Sheet - Molybdenum". The REMBAR Company, Inc. 2000-09-19. Archived from the original on March 23, 2007. ... Ramírez, G.; Rodil, S.E.; Arzate, H.; Muhl, S.; Olaya, J.J. (January 2011). "Niobium based coatings for dental implants". ... 05-14-02) Preventing Adverse Health Effects From Exposure to Beryllium in Dental Laboratories Sun, Hongzhe; Li, Hougyan; Sadler ...
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  • On the basis of this evolution, there is a constant development of materials related to digital dentistry, which are giving dentistry other ways of seeing and thinking about treatments. (
  • Dental impression materials play a crucial role in your restorative dentistry practice. (
  • Furthermore, from impression materials to alginate mixers, impression trays and accessories, our long history of developing state of the art solutions that cater to the expectations of experts in the field of dentistry means you will find what you are looking for in our range. (
  • Temporisation materials are essential for the practice of dentistry. (
  • INTRODUCTION The early 1990s was the time the use of composite materials in dentistry. (
  • Dr. Hugh Flax, one of the cover authors of Dentistry Today's January/February issue, stopped by our booth at the Chicago Dental Society Midwinter Meeting to visit and take a picture with James Radcliffe. (
  • He has over 12 years practical experience as a dental technician and has been working as a specialist translator (German - English) for dentistry and dental technology for more than 25 years. (
  • New dental materials are coming to the market at a rapid pace, so staying on top of your options is an ongoing part of practicing dentistry. (
  • This document updates previously published CDC recommendations for infection-control practices in dentistry to reflect new data, materials, technology, and equipment. (
  • This document updates previously published CDC recommendations for infection-control practices for dentistry (1-3) and offers guidance for reducing the risks of disease transmission among dental health-care workers (DHCWs) and their patients. (
  • This study was carried out to examine the dimensional accuracy of 3 silicone impression materials and the single and double mixing techniques for each of them. (
  • Whether you require a flowable composite, universal dental composite, or Single-Fill™ composite system, Kerr's products provide superior handling, versatility and excellent results, making dental restorations undetectable and enjoyable. (
  • Our dental cements are based on an innovative chemistry to optimize dental restorations for unmatched esthetics, adhesion and great versatility. (
  • The ability to temporarily bond restorations, crowns, or bridges allows dentists the time they need to create more permanent restorations without sacrificing patient comfort and dental function. (
  • Dental silicone impression material has good hydrophilicity and strength, accurate impression, not easy to deform, not only suitable for the production of porcelain teeth or removable denture impression, and can fully meet the modern precision restorations, such as all-ceramic crowns, dental implant impressions high precision requirements. (
  • Bad, compressed or pushed impressions prevent accurate and precise dental restorations from being achieved. (
  • These enable dentists and dental technicians to realize and maintain high quality, cost-effective aesthetic restorations that ensure periodontal hygiene. (
  • Surgical interventions include dental restorations, extractions, and implantations. (
  • The dental examiners conducted a "whole mouth" assessment for untreated root caries and dental root restorations. (
  • ACU-FLOW™ Hydrophilic Impression Material Rigid Tray Moulding Material - $25.99 Light Body Plus (1 X 50 ml Cartridge) - $25.99 Medium Body (1 X 50 ml Cartridge) - $25.99 Heavy Body (1 X 50 ml Cartridge) - $25.99 When endodontist Grace Chu agreed to try Ultradent's MTA Flow dental repair cement for this Dental Product Shopper evaluation, she was hoping the material would be easier to deliver than some other MTA cements. (
  • Experimental composites with 50 and 90 wt% of the CHXA in HEMA solution in the monomer were shown, within a constant depth film fermentor (CDFF), to have slower rates of biofilm growth on their surfaces between 1 and 7 days than the commercial dental composite Z250 or fluoride -releasing dental cements , Fuji II LC and Fuji IX. (
  • ABSTRACT This study was carried out to measure the dimensional changes in silicone impression material, which can affect the fitness of the prosthesis. (
  • These metals in alloys used for castings of bridge framework and other dental prosthesis components can cause a variety of lung problems. (
  • In the year 2013, there were 608 dentists and 203 dental technicians in Vietnam. (
  • Dental lab technicians follow a prescription from a licensed dentist when manufacturing these items, which include prosthetic devices (such as denture teeth and implants) and therapeutic devices (such as orthodontic devices). (
  • What dental technicians need to know about silicosis. (
  • Do Dental Technicians Get Silicosis? (
  • When you open the box, you will find trays and dental silicone impression material, and you will put them in the tray. (
  • During hot summer months please store your dental silicone impression material in the refrigerator before use. (
  • The dental silicone impression material should be allowed to warm up to room temperature before use. (
  • The dental silicone impression material is a commonly used high grade dental impression material. (
  • This section provides data on several oral health topics including tooth count, coronal caries, root caries, dental sealants, and recommendations for dental care. (
  • Dentition Exam (P_OHXDEN) - Includes data on tooth count, coronal caries, root caries, and dental sealants. (
  • Next, teeth were assessed for coronal caries, including untreated dental decay and teeth treated or extracted due to caries. (
  • Or, you may need to have the tooth pulled and replaced with a dental implant. (
  • Our dental curing lights are purpusefully designed to optimise polymerisation of all resin based composite materials used in your dental work. (
  • Chlorhexidine-releasing methacrylate dental composite materials. (
  • It was established in 1985 and is published by Elsevier on behalf of the Academy of Dental Materials, of which it is the official journal. (
  • The total number of dental clinics in the country was 1846 in 2018, which increased to 1960 in 2020. (
  • SDR ® flow+ material is a revolutionary flowable composite. (
  • 3M Company, Ivoclar Vivadent, Inc., American Orthodontics, FORESTADENT Bernhard Förster GmbH, Dentsply Sirona Vietnam Co. Ltd., among others is a partial list of major market players of the companies responsible for the growth of Vietnam dental materials market. (
  • Accurately record all the details of your teeth and provide your teeth most complete details for your personal orthodontics, dentures, whitening and other personal dental customization services. (
  • Kerr Dental knows that endodontic access is critical to the success of procedures requiring it, and that you depend on quality burs and drills to help you achieve it. (
  • Whether seeing a patient for a routine prophy appointment, or providing more complex restorative, periodontal or endodontic treatment, a variety of dental materials will be a part of the workflow. (
  • Based on end users, the market is bifurcated into hospitals & clinics, dental laboratories, and others. (
  • Therefore, doctors should ensure that impressions are used to ensure accuracy before sending them to dental laboratories for dentures or crowns. (
  • Dental laboratories customize a variety of products to assist in the provision of oral health care by a licensed dentist. (
  • REITEL has built its reputation on a commitment to providing quality products made in solid stainless steel for dental laboratories and practices. (
  • The consistency of a material when mixing C. The homogenecity of gypsum products D. Dimensional change of the material during settings 24. (
  • Fibres also help to redirect cracks and avoid catastrophic failures, which makes everX Flow an optimal material to use in weakened or cracked teeth, for instance after amalgam removal. (
  • Poor impression can damage the mold of the teeth and lead to the creation of a dental appliance that is never suitable for the patient. (
  • COE-Pak Periodontal Dressing has no eugenol and is a two-component material provides wound dressing to cover stitches or to stabilize loose teeth. (
  • The teeth are involved in all 3 roles, and dental diseases can be a source of multiple problems, including oral and systemic infections and difficulty in chewing, swallowing, or phonation. (
  • Cursory familiarity with basic dental anatomy and calcification and with the eruption sequence of teeth is helpful before physical examination. (
  • For children and adolescents, aged 3 to 19 years, eligible teeth were assessed for the presence of dental sealants. (
  • The materials include human teeth and dental repair materials, components from electronic devices, desiccants, and common household salt (NaCl). (
  • These products include crowns, bridges, dentures and other dental products. (
  • When an excavated bovine dentine cylinder re-filled with Z250 was placed for 10 weeks in the CDFF, both bacteria and polymers from the artificial saliva penetrated between the material and dentine . (
  • 7. Chemical sterilants - These are used to sterilize impressions and prosthetic devices, received from dental offices, contaminated with blood and saliva. (
  • Light curable antibacterial, dental composite restoration materials, consisting of 80 wt% of a strontium fluoroaluminosilicate glass dispersed in methacrylate monomers have been produced. (
  • Dental amalgam contains mercury, and cremation and the improper disposal of amalgam scrap contributes to environmental pollution. (
  • Accuracy of impressions depends on the composition and manipulation technique of the impression as well as the die cast material itself [1,3]. (
  • For each material, 20 impressions were made, 10 using the single mix technique and 10 using the double mix. (
  • Obtaining good molds from accurate impressions helps dental schools and research institutions study disease processes and rare dentition examples. (
  • CounterFit™ II from Clinician's Choice is a silicone alginate replacement material that flows beautifully to capture exquisite detail for all alginate-type impressions. (
  • Although the principles of infection control remain unchanged, new technologies, materials, equipment, and data require continuous evaluation of current infection-control practices. (
  • Recommended infection-control practices are applicable to all settings in which dental treatment is provided. (
  • HeliPlug wound dressing is made of absorbable collagen for dental surgery. (
  • An absorbable suture material used also as ligating clips, as pins for internal fixation of broken bones, and as ligament reinforcement for surgically managed ligament injuries. (
  • CDC and FDA are working with state and local health departments, hospitals, surgical centers, and dental offices in the affected states to ensure patients are rapidly evaluated and treated , prevent further patient harm , and determine if additional measures can be taken to prevent similar outbreaks in the future. (
  • Higher sales of dental services like implants and surgical services coupled with increasing production, along with the surge in the demands for them due to higher concerns regarding dental health among the population of the country is further driving the growth of the Vietnam dental material market. (
  • The tooth count and dental sealants assessments followed the same protocols conducted in 1999-2004 and 2011-2016. (
  • Endo products like K Files and Peeso Reamers help the specialist remove damaged tooth nerves, venues and other tooth pulp material in order to re treat the tooth weather it by damaged by trauma or decay. (
  • There are several reasons for this change: improved nutrition, better access to dental care, and better treatment for tooth decay and periodontal disease. (
  • Of the physical properties which may adversely affect the fit and retention of dental prostheses, dimensional change in the impression material is considered the most serious. (
  • A total of 36 people had surgery or dental procedures using product from this lot. (
  • Hospitals and dental offices should work to identify any healthcare personnel who may have been exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis during patient surgery or during patient care. (
  • A good dental impression enhances dental surgery and helps dental clinics increase their profitability. (
  • Where spray mist is concerned, the most important objective of dental hygiene, i.e. avoiding contamination and preventing cross-contamination, is achieved by providing surgery staff with passive protection via a mouth/nose mask and protective glasses. (
  • Increasing demands for dental implants also substantiate the growth of the Vietnam dental materials market in the forecast years. (
  • Long known for our full line of fine laboratory products, Whip Mix has branched out to include clinical products for the dental office as well as CAD/CAM offerings which include scanners, mills, milling materials, and 3D Printers. (
  • Silicosis has been diagnosed and confirmed in dental laboratory workers. (
  • Within a few years of high speed, water-cooled dental handpieces being invented in the mid-20th century, suitable suction devices such as a mobile suction pump (1955) and a suction unit specifically designed for extracting spray mist when treating reclined patients (1961/1964) were developed. (
  • Check out our dental dams and rubber … Our most popular light body impression material, Affinity™ Light Body HF (High Flow) flows on its own under the hydraulic pressure of the tray material and flows effortlessly into the sulcus. (
  • Affinity™ Quick Bite is an ultra-rigid, fast-setting, resin-reinforced bite registration material that helps guarantee better crown and bridge accuracy and reduced adjustments. (
  • Affinity™ Crystal is a water-clear, silicone matrix material designed for easy fabrication of provisional veneers. (
  • Increasing awareness about the Vietnam oral health industry among the population of neighboring countries and their excellent dental services, dental hygiene, and dental care are further driving the growth of the Vietnam dental equipment market in the next five years. (
  • The oral health examination was conducted by dental examiners, who were dentists (D.D.S./D.M.D.) licensed in at least one U.S. state. (
  • All oral health assessments took place in a designated room at the mobile examination center (MEC) that included a portable dental chair, light, and compressed air. (
  • In addition, exactly which materials will be present in a given situation is never certain, and the addition of new materials/methods that could be used for retrospective dosimetry thus is always a valuable contribution. (
  • The aim is both to increase the number of materials that could be used with OSL and to further develop methods for the materials already known to have some dosimetric properties. (
  • Spray mist also contains a large number of further constituents such as solid particles from the various materials employed in and reduced from the mouth and tooth structure as well as liquids such as saliva or blood containing all types of pathogen (bacteria, viruses, fungi). (
  • Dental radiographs can reveal defects in both tooth structure and alveolar bone. (
  • The suction effect generated in dental units is applied via flexible suction hoses (some can be adjusted or closed off with slider valves) with adapters for fitting rigid, standard diameter (mostly 16 mm for spray mist) saliva ejectors which are normally for multiple-use and autoclavable. (
  • The dentist should be very careful while ensuring the dental impression. (
  • If the dentist is making an impression for a forensic investigation, a serious dental impression may lead to the loss of basic evidence. (
  • Physical properties superior to those of various other packable materials, e.g. (
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  • CDC is working to respond to tuberculosis (TB) disease cases associated with viable bone matrix material. (
  • In addition, specific actions have been recommended to reduce the risk of tuberculosis transmission in dental and other ambulatory health-care facilities (11). (
  • It's important to remember that almost all dental materials will be placed in a patient's mouth either temporarily or permanently, so using materials according to protocols developed by the manufacturer should always be the way to go. (
  • Dental materials like Endo Ice can be used to test the vitality of the tooth pulp while root canal sealers can fill in the newly cleared surface. (
  • The 3rd edition of 'Dental Materials (Principles and Applications)' by Zohaib Khurshid and his co-editor is an up-to-date information manual in the field of dental material science. (
  • Getting a dental crown usually takes two dental visits. (
  • In addition, the reference examiner visits each dental examiner 2-3 times a year and conducts about 20 replicate exams during each visit. (
  • Hitler Youth'( Macdonald and Janes, London 1975) download basic dental materials children on the objective of alphabetical people to diffuse exiled. (
  • We offer you products of the highest quality, guaranteeing your dental clients a safe, reliable and comfortable experience that lets them know that they are in good hands. (
  • Kerr's family of dental composite products warrant the ideal balance between reliability, aesthetics and simplicity. (
  • Kerr Dental is proud to offer a variety of temporization materials for every practice, including the Temphase regular and fast set, and the Temp-Bond family of products. (
  • Increasing awareness among the population would further substantiate the growth of the market since the population is inclined toward spending lavishly on dental care services and products. (
  • Dental products in top "Made in Germany" quality. (
  • Dental Products For Sale In Toronto,ON. (
  • Over the years, the company expanded its service to dental professionals, increasing its manufacturing capabilities to include a wide array of high-quality, competitively priced imaging products. (
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  • 3. Electroplating chemicals - The process of electroplating can release hazardous contaminants into the air that pose a variety of risks to the dental lab worker. (
  • When implemented, these recommendations should reduce the risk of disease transmission in the dental environment, from patient to dental health-care worker (DHCW), from DHCW to patient, and from patient to patient. (
  • Whether you seek a quality temporary dental cement or permanent option, Kerr Dental has you covered. (
  • Quality materials must be strong, yet easy to release from the prep or temporary restoration. (
  • download basic dental materials to the JournalRattenhuber, P. 2013): making the 417mila diretta: the non impactof Germany tutti Statistical temporary che Check on gros and conclusions across manual azioni aircraft mé, Empirical Economics, August 2013. (
  • Temp-it is a light-cured temporary restorative material with high elasticity. (
  • Surging imports of dental equipment & instruments, along with growing concerns regarding dental health are further supporting the growth of the Vietnam dental materials market in the next five years. (
  • Are There Other Potential Health Hazards Associated With Working in a Dental Lab? (
  • The growing educational approach along with the increasing training parameters are aiding the increase in the number of dental care workers that reflects the surge in the dental procedures that require dental materials that further aid the growth of the Vietnam dental services market in the future five years. (
  • The unique nature of most dental procedures, instrumentation, and patient-care settings also may require specific strategies directed to the prevention of transmission of pathogens among DHCWs and their patients. (
  • We offer a complete line of advanced filling materials, sealers and equipment for all obturation techniques. (
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  • Better dental equipment, better service, fewer dollars. (